Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time. the display shows editable distances and angles.When sketching walls. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . stairs. elevation. furniture. floors. roofs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. Other building elements such as doors.Software Tools . and 3D views. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. windows. You can add building elements in plan. section.

relationships can be established that make editing efficient. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the illustration shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. the other will move as well. If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. In essence.If the left side wall is moved. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. technology. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Constrain placement of objects. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Place a predefined Mass family. Technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. such as distance requirements from roadways. quickly. owner. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Masses can be edited in many ways. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. roofs. There are mass families available to load into a project. walls. or masses. you can create in-place masses. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers.Software Tools . or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. size. and then converted into building components such as floors. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and curtain systems. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. A designer. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. roofs.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. walls. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and symbol heads. and Language Arts. tags. s Explain the use of dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotation includes text notes. and math standards. Technology. legends. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Math (STEM). s Recognize temporary dimensions.

Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be linear. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular. radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools .

and how other levels change display accordingly.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

the Type Selector. s Open tabs on the ribbon. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. s Open and use ribbon tabs.Software Tools . technology. engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. s Work with tool buttons. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and Language Arts. and Options Bar.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. Technology. This lesson relates to science.

Its position is fixed. doors. windows. for instance. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. beams. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Some commands will not be active (that is. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

structural walls. Display and Navigation s 33 . columns. trusses. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and foundations.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. braces. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. and text. symbols. slabs. detailing.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

and parameters.Software Tools . copy/paste. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and inquiry. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Context tabs display as you work. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. and Close. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Software Tools . Open.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Legends. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. sheets.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. with four elevation markers visible. families. schedules. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and a selection filter counter at the far right end. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. sun settings. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. level of detail. cropping. visual style.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. rendering (in 3D views). To toggle the Project Browser on/off. View Control Bar View scale. shadow display. A check mark indicates it is visible. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.Software Tools . Windows panel on the ribbon. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. click the User Interface button located on the View tab.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 . To change the scale of a view. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded. Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity. date and time. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. Display and Navigation s 47 .

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The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. enabling you to select them. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

Structure. Manage and Modify. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 . View. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Annotate. Insert. Collaborate. Massing & Site.All views are listed in the Project Browser. To activate or open a view. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Nine tabs are available: Home. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools .

a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it. Properties Palette.Context Tabs. When a context tab is active. showing options that you can select while you are working. Display and Navigation s 57 . Options Bar. If you select items in the view window.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.Software Tools . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. In 3D views.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

You can switch this list to show open views in open files. such as File Open.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Export. and Publish. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. New File. the application menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . Click a file name to open that file. File Save. File Close only appears on the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Print. On the right is a list of recently opened files.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

make the Home tab active. 2. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Do this for other tabs. Display and Navigation s 67 . or click New > Project from the application menu. On the ribbon. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The completed exercise 4. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. To start a new project. 3.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. If you select the menu option. After you have examined each of them. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Close the file without saving. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.Software Tools . Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. and then viewed. Select Cycle Through All. In this exercise. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. you opened a project file. 7.5.

Exercise 2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. In the Project Browser. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.rvt. Display and Navigation s 69 . You worked on this file in Getting Started. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. 2. The file opens to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open quick_start_building_elements. doubleclick the view name.

. You are selecting everything visible. 8. Click any interior wall. 6. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. On the Properties palette. and windows highlight blue. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 7. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. doors. all the walls. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click Filter panel > Filter.3. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click OK. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 4. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 5. Clear Walls and Doors. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48".

On the Modify | Doors context tab. Place a door as shown. 12. 10. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. you opened a project file. On the Properties palette. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. click Create panel > Create Similar. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click any door. examined the menus and toolbars.9. In this exercise.

and views. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and 3D views using the View menu. Revit provides floor plan. s Load and place component families. schedules. lines. Math (STEM). Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. templates. Component families include model objects (furniture. You can create sections. floors). ceiling plan. and elevation views by default. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and Language Arts. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. mechanical equipment). 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In the exercises. Technology. display controls.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. s Create a new in-place family. either predefined or user-created. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views.Software Tools . Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Pan. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. annotations. drafting views. System families include levels. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. operating settings. s Work with Revit families. building elements (walls.

and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to science. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

There is no way to see everything in it. Click Zoom to Fit. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. 3. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt.Exercise: View Controls A building model. VG also opens the dialog box. is an extensive database. The display changes. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.Software Tools . Use your keyboard to enter VV. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. First. Click OK. Click the Annotation Categories tab. 2. Right-click. Four elevation markers are visible. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The completed exercise Visibility 1. even a small one. Open Unit2_building_elements.

4. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. On the View Control Bar. Click and drag the cursor as shown. In the Project Browser. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. click Detail Level. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. so be sure to select them both. 7. Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Click Zoom In Region. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Click Open. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 5. Select Detail Level: Medium. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . 6. Select the roof outline. There are two parts to an elevation. Enter ZF.

This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. On the Properties palette. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. as before. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.Software Tools . Enter VH. doors and windows are not shown. View Properties 1. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Turn off visibility of the elevations. change the Underlay value to None.8. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. Click Zoom to Fit. 2.

Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. For Name.3. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Next to View Range. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click Rename. Right-click. and where the cut plane sits. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. 4. Click OK.0". Working with Views and Objects s 77 . click Edit. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. enter Roof. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. the ridge is now visible.

Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the Presets list. select Still. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Shading with Edges. under Solar Study. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shadows On. select Winter Solstice. In the dialog box that opens. 5. 2. Open Elevation view South. Accept the location that activates. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field.Software Tools . Set the time to 9:30 am. 4.Graphic Display Options 1. 3. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The elevation shadows update. 6.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_views. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

There are system families. roofs. and use a Revit family to place a door. and floors. walls. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. 3. doors and windows are dependent on walls). You add closet doors to interior walls. On the Home tab.rvt. Build panel. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. furniture. and families in place. Doors are considered standard family entities. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and so on. is predefined within Revit.Software Tools . These components are called families and there are several different types. standard families. furniture). Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. and furniture. such as levels. commercial.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Open Unit2_views. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. floors. railings. click Door. windows. you open an existing project file. load. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. and place Revit families. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . lights. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. or institutional structures. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. windows. Additionally. Doors. and annotations are examples of standard families. or stand-alone (for example. 2. In Revit. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. s A system family. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Tag panel. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Accept the default size.rfa. If you highlight a door family. Click Open.rfa. The Door Insertion tool stays active. s s 6. Locate Double Panel 2. It has a number of different sizes defined. and Annotation.rvt. You click to place an instance of the door family. Furniture. Click the Doors folder. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). 4.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Project files have a file extension of *. 5. Family files have a file extension of *. Click Open. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. As you move your cursor near any wall. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.

rvt.Software Tools .7. but not strongly. Place two more instances of the door as shown. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. simply click it. you located. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Place an instance of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. 9. and placed instances of a door family. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 8. loaded.

The required width is not available. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. For Name. modify a door family. and create an in-place family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. enter 48" x 80". 5. you open an existing project file. Click OK. 4. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Select the double door as shown. Open Unit2_doors_walls.rvt. 2.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1.

6. 1. In the dialog box. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. set the Extrusion End value to 6". On the Home tab. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. click Component > Model In-Place. Click OK. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Generic Models. is to create a component family in place. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The door updates. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.Software Tools . enter Hall Clock. 3. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 2. Build panel. For Name. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 5. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. On the Properties palette. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Click OK. 4.

The family model updates. Click OK. In this exercise. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).4" as shown. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.6. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 11. You have created the base of the clock. 7. 13.2". The exact dimensions and location are not critical.0' 2". Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 8. click Rectangle. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . as shown. 9. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 10. you located.rvt. loaded. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. and placed a door family. On the Draw panel. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 12. Revit will display .

The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

Go to View > View Name in the menu. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Change type properties of a family. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Change view properties. s Open different views. c. s Access. Either a or b. a. context tabs. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. d. 6. c. d. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b.Software Tools . d. b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. load. True b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Create a 3D perspective view. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom in Region is used to: a. depending on the template selected. Zoom to the entire model. Turn on Shadows. and Options Bar.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. False 4. Views can be renamed. Right-click. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. True b. a. 7. and place a family from a library. False 2. True b. c. Each project has several predefined views. To activate a view: a. Spin the model in 3D space. False 3. and click Open. tab. The tool shown is used to: a. Questions 1. s Create an in-place model family. a. False 5. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. b. s Change view displays. b.

If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Rotate c. Project Browser d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .) are called: a. Families 11. Scroll d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. All of the above. System c. windows. Standard b. a. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. In-Place d. Pan and Zoom b. etc. depending on settings 9. Multiview b. A family created within a project is called ________________. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Properties palette 10.8. Blocks c. a. Parts d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

3. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 6. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Duplicate and modify views. 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create dimension and text styles. Lesson Plan 1. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 4.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 8. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create a project template. s Set project units. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . Review Revit Architecture setup. 9. (Student) Evaluate Students.

and so forth. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors.org. and the settings that are preset within them. Engineering. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.aias. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.org. colors. should be used. Technology. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. and Language Arts. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. linetypes.aia. Explain why templates are used. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Visit the AIA website at www. linetypes. After completing this lesson. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Visit the AIAS website at www. based on the AIA standards. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. defining the layers. Math (STEM).Standards and Building Codes .

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.

Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. If there is a fire. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. and so on. and one closet. If it lacks any of these components. For example. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). like mechanical drawing. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. otherwise it is considered a carport. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. a bathroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. and so on. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . windows.Standards and Building Codes . A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. a garage. it cannot be called a bedroom. one window. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. it must have at least one door. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the number being its numerical value. doors. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. A garage must be completely enclosed.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. defined and adopted by convention.

the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. units are applied to dimensions. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Another method is to apply dual notation. However. Here h is the physical quantity. unit symbol ft. glass. and other materials. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. such as room size and wall height. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure.. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555.. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. unit symbol m. the construction industry still uses the English. using imperial units. is 555 ft. also known as the International System of Units. in the United States. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. or imperial. its value is expressed in the unit meter. In architectural drafting. is 169 m. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies.For example. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . system (inches and feet) to order lumber.

Each size is designated by a letter. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. line weight and pattern. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. sheets. every 1/8" would represent 1'. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size.Scales are ratios. one value representing another value. In Revit Architecture.) 8. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and viewports.

ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). The integers go from 0 to 9.a modified version of the AIA standard. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. symbols. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and then add a title block or other symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . elevators. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. site plan. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. You create and position views. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). notes Demolition. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.

Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. annotation plot sizes. fonts. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. followed by information on the building's owner. Usually. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the author of the drawing. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. that is.Standards and Building Codes . Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The column is divided into sections. so that the height is less than the width. the HVAC company. Typically. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. the date drawn. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. and layer standards. and so on. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The next space is for tracking revisions. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. and other relevant information. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the electrician. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. drawing scales. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. The paper is oriented landscape. For example. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects.

and so forth. dimension and text styles. layer settings. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. required symbols. title blocks.in the City of San Francisco.

views. Engineering. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. These can be used to build your model. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. windows. Technology. and walls. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). dimension styles. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Standards and Building Codes . you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and math standards. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology.

In Revit. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. or store. In the New Project dialog box. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Condominiums. 3. On the application menu. 2. you use templates as starting points. click Browse.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. factory. Select a Template 1. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. you create a new project file using a template. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Open Revit to an empty project file. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. click New > Project. apartments.

Settings s 103 . Click Open. 5. On the application menu. 6. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. click Close to close this project without saving.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Select the Residential-Default.4. you started a new project file using a standard template. In this exercise. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. saving set up time. Click OK.

Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to a 3D view. 2. click Wall. In the courseware datasets folder.rvt. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. the drawing setup options are preset. Click to start a new wall. The Wall tool remains active. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. expand Floor Plans under Views. s Place the cursor over the left wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. In the Project Browser. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. In this exercise. open ADA__Settings. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Build panel. Pull the cursor to the right.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.

5. 8. Settings s 105 .4. Place the cursor over the left wall. and move the cursor right. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Unit symbol to m. In this exercise. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. click to start a new wall. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. 7. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Press ESC to cancel the wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.) 6. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Click Format for Length. Close the file without saving.

Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. there are two types of dimensions. click Aligned. click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. Open ADA_Dimensions. 2. temporary and permanent. or insert components. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. create. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. enter Big Text. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. Temporary dimensions display when you select. For Name. 1.Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. On the Properties palette.rvt. By default. Click OK.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. In the Type Properties dialog box. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. but also control the size and location of objects. 4. click Edit Type. Dimension panel. dimensions not only display.

s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. left. The Dimension tool is still active. Select the top. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 6. s Set Text Size to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Settings s 107 . 7. Click to place. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. s Click OK twice.5. Drag the dimension to the left of the view.

9. Click to place the dimension.8. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. The Dimension tool stays active. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. upper. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. created a new dimension style. you opened an existing file. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.

In order to do this.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 3. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file.rvt. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. and the view window displays the new plan. There are no annotations visible. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. These are annotations. In the datasets folder. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Right-click. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . 2. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Notice the door and window tags. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.

9. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Settings panel. Model Categories tab. 8. On the Manage tab. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. Click OK. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click Rename. click Project Information. 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. In the Project Browser. Double-click to open it. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Click OK to update the display of this view. 6. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 7.4. In the Project Browser. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV.Standards and Building Codes .

Rightclick. or supply your own values: Click OK.Add a Sheet 1. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click New Sheet. Enter the address as shown.) 3. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address. Click OK. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. highlight the title block displayed in the list. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. Settings s 111 . 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2. You can also enter the address of your school. click Edit.

you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Click Apply. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Notice the change to the title block.4. 5. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a View to the Sheet 1. Next. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.Standards and Building Codes .

Settings s 113 . Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Right-click in the view. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 2. Right-click. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click Activate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 3. Select the new viewport. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 4. Select Deactivate View.

you: select it. Place the cursor 7. deselect it. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .5. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. Finish the move. s Added a sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. The Scale updates in the title block.Standards and Building Codes . s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. of the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Close the file without saving. 6. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.

rft. Click Open. 4. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. A copy of the 11 x 8. Select A-11x8. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).5. 2. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. click New > Titleblock.5 title block template opens. On the application menu. It opens to the Recent Files window. 3. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Settings s 115 . This is one of the longer exercises. Start Revit Architecture.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 15. In this exercise. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. you created a title block using a template file. 13. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. click Close.rfa. s Accept the Sample Value. On the Quick Access toolbar. Click Zoom to Fit. 12. Add a label for Sheet Number. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 10. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location.Standards and Building Codes . Save the title block as A .9. s Click Add.Landscape. click Save to save the title block. Add a label for Checked By. select Drawn By. On the application menu. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 14. Accept the Sample Value. 11.

Your title block is now displayed in the list. In the Recent Files window. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click New to create a new project using the default template. 2. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. you create a new project file. The title block appears in the graphics window.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. and then load a custom title block into your project. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Click Open. On the View tab. 5. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Settings s 125 . Insert a Title Block 1. Highlight the title block and click OK. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 4. 3. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Locate your title block.

On the Manage tab. Click OK. click Project Information. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Click Zoom to Fit. s For Checked By. enter your name. enter your instructor's name. you a created a new project file.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 6. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. enter Student Project Unit 3.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Drawn By. Select the title block. 4. Click OK. 3.Standards and Building Codes . 2. Settings panel. 5. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. Click OK. On the Properties palette.

you define the title block. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. a dimension style. you create a new project file. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. click New > Project. 3. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. On the application menu.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. such as 3D and plan views. and the units for your custom template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Create a Template In this exercise. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. 1. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . In this exercise. s Families: Load in families you use most often. select Project Template. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Click OK. in addition to predefined wall types. and geometry from the template. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. On the Insert tab. settings. and slope angle. In the New Project dialog box. and then load them like families. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. angles. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. 2. including how the rendered image looks.

6.Standards and Building Codes . Open the title block A . In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Manage tab. On the Annotate tab.4. Next. click Duplicate. enter 3/16" Verdana. Click the Length field in the Format column. 5.rfa. create a Dimension Style. Set the units for the template. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For Name. click Settings panel > Project Units.Landscape. Click OK twice. 7. 10. You create a custom dimension style. 9. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Click OK. 8. There will be no visible change.

enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. select Sheets (All). 15. 14. Settings s 129 . Click OK.11. 12. In the Project Browser. Select the A . Click New Sheet. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Rightclick. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.

In this exercise. and units that you defined. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. The title block updates.16. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Save the file name as A-English template.Standards and Building Codes . 17. title block. Click OK. as well as dimension style and units.rte. You can use this template for future projects. Save your project template in your class project folder.

s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. or new combinations of existing materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

02 d. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Create a text style. General Questions 1. A. s Create labels.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .05 c. A particular physical quantity. a. A. s Create a template. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. An architect b. s Create dimensions. s Create a title block.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. True b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. 1:32 5. S. A unit 4. 1:12 c. s Change dimension colors. s Create a dimension style. s Create text. is defined as what? a. s Change lineweight. English c. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. AIA b. dimension styles. a. UBC c. 1:24 d. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. False 3. and symbols used in drawing? a. NCSESA 2. Using AIA Standards.Standards and Building Codes .02 b. P. Metric d. NCTM d. 1:3 b.

Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Wall midpoints d. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False Summary/Questions s 133 . you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. True b. To set the units in a project. you click: a. True b. dimensions snap to: a. a. By default. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. False 6. To create a new sheet. In Revit Architecture. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False 4. Point offsets 3. Application menu > Properties b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Wall centerlines c. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. True b. To change the scale of a view. Wall faces b. a.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 4. 5. s Align walls. 2. you will be able to: s Create a wall.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.

Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. and protect its interior spaces. After completing this lesson. separate. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. or filling in between. them. their construction and materials. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. List the different types of occupancy.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. As you continue to move the cursor. Clear the Chain option. 4. It will not print. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. the dimension updates incrementally. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. 5. but it disappears when you begin another action. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Stud. Enter 10. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length.3. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall.Brick on Mtl. indicating wall length. an angular dimension displays. Walls s 151 . To modify a dimension. After you create the wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. click it to open an edit field. a dashed line displays. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Expand the Type Selector list. Select the Single Line option. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Click to set the endpoint. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.

On the View Control Bar. the controls may sit on top of one another. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. click Modify to stop placing walls. 8. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. 7. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. enter 7. click the Detail Level icon. The wall does not show any internal detail. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab.6. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Create panel. click Create Similar. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. On the Modify | Walls tab. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Select panel. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall.Walls . Depending on your zoom in the view. Click the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Press ENTER. Click to start the next wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Set the Detail Level to Medium.

an alignment line displays. Notice that two dimensions display.9. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Also. Walls s 153 . the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Select the right vertical wall. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. notice how the wall joins at the corner. 10. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. no matter where you move the cursor. Click Modify. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. release the mouse button to set a new length. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Because you drew the wall from up to down. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical.

16. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Right-click. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Repeat.11. 12. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. On the Home tab. 13. Select the lower vertical wall. 14. click Wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. This is the same as clicking Modify. 15. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Click Cancel. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Build panel. Sketch the walls as shown. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. When using the Chain option.Walls . 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line.

17. Click Create Similar again. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". In this exercise. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. 20. Clear the Chain option. Walls s 155 . Click Modify. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. After clicking the second end.18. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 19. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.

Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. align. and extend walls. You now remove the upper right corner. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you first split the walls at the intersections. trim. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Only part of the wall highlights. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. 3. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. The cursor changes to a razor blade. To do this. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. fillet. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Split Walls 1. Both split walls are shown below. This exercise illustrates how to split. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Click Modify. 4.Walls .

Click Fillet Arc. 4. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections.Fillet Walls 1. 5. On the Options Bar. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select any wall. Create panel. click Delete. If you make a mistake. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Modify panel. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Enter 5'. Walls s 157 . Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 2. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. On the Modify | Wall tab. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). On the Modify | Walls tab. select Radius. 3. You can also click the flip control. click Create Similar.

Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 2. 3. The Wall tool is still active. select Basic Wall: Interior . You align the wall in the next steps. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 1.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Place an interior wall as shown. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.Walls . 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

4. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Pull the cursor straight up. You can lock the alignment. clear Chain. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. Walls s 159 . Click to create a wall. s On the Options Bar. The Wall Trim Tool 1. The length is not critical. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.

Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 3. This will extend to the border. This will be the border. 4. The walls can cross. 6. Select the two interior walls in turn. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.Walls . The length is not critical. 2. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the vertical wall as shown. 5. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.s Move the cursor to the left and click. You can click Undo if you make a mistake.

Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. In this exercise. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 . and trim. fillet.7.rvt.

A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. 1. and vary in cost. click Edit Type. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. In the Project Browser. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.Walls .rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 3. The Modify tool is active by default. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 2. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. satisfy different requirements. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. On the Properties palette.

The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. For Name.4. Walls s 163 . 8. except Core Boundary. 7. Every layer of a wall. 6. Click Insert twice. When you are finished. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. To edit the structure of the wall. click Edit in the Structure value field. s Click the arrow at the right. enter 8" Insulated Stud. the wall structure should be as shown. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click the number of Layer 3. has a Function you can edit. 5. s Click Down twice. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Click OK. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Click Up. Add two additional layers to the wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall.

9. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. 11. s Set the Material to Finishes . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Material.Exterior . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s Set the Material to Wood . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. 12. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 10. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. select Finishes .Interior Gypsum Wall Board.Stud Layer. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Walls . Modify the Function. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 13. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. which displays plan or section views. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s Click the icon that appears at the right. Change the Layer Thickness to 2".

Click Apply to update the view. 16. On the Properties palette. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select Medium. From the Detail level list. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. In the Project Browser. expand the Families branch. Walls s 165 . 17. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls.14. 15. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box.

or use the scroll bar at the bottom. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.Walls . You opened an existing file. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 20.18. Right-click 8" Exterior. In this exercise. defined a new wall structure. From the Type Selector list. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Close the file without saving. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 19. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.

Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. for example. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.rvt. such as a weatherproof outside surface.Brick on Mtl. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. You can define a wall type with these elements. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. 2.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Select one of the Exterior . Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. The model opens in a 3D view. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . In this exercise. wood rails. Stud walls as shown. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. and a decorated interior surface. you create and modify vertically compound walls. 3. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. a structural mid-section.

6. into regions. 2. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. the new regions assume the same material as the original. highlight one of the borders. Click Split Region. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer.4. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. click Edit. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 1. You can assign different materials to regions. 5. You can set the sample height to any value. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. If not already expanded. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. either horizontally or vertically. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. As indicated in the dialog box title. You change the type. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Wall structures are Type Properties. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. When you split a layer. To define the structure of the wall. 7. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. in the Structure value field. In this exercise. You can split regions into other regions. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. or you will lose your changes.Walls . To split a layer or region horizontally. To split a layer or region vertically. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. so all instances of this type change. 8.

Brick layer. since both regions are composed of the same layer. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 1.3. After merge. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge the two layers. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click to merge them. Click to split the region into two parts. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 3. assign Layer 1. 2. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 4. When you merge regions. The upper split disappears. Walls s 169 . Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. In this case. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.

Next. 3. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 1. s Select the split line. Click Insert. If you set the split offset down from the top. 4. In the Edit dialog box. instead of down. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. click Modify. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Press ENTER. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. The dimension text turns blue. To create a new wall layer. 1. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.Walls . which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. indicating that it is modifiable. 2. 2. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click again to return to the original position. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Revit converts the value to 12' 0". to the next parallel line. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Click the temporary dimension text. 3. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Change the value to 12. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. After a region is split. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall.

5. because it is now the selected layer. Click OK. It also shows a thickness value. and Insert Layer tools. as shown. 6. Click Assign Layers. Click OK. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Merge Region. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 10.Brick Soldier Course. 7. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . The preview changes appearance. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. it highlights in blue in the preview window. In this exercise. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. It immediately highlights in blue. Close the file without saving. All walls of this type have been changed. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Split Region.4. Change the Material to Masonry . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 9. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. 8. Walls s 171 . Modify. When a layer is selected in the table.Brick Soldier Course layer.

STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and protected. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. ducting. earth. and insulation. piping. installed. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.Walls . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but also the natural lighting. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view.Doors and Windows . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the ventilation. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. and to protect property values. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

the width can be no less than 20".Doors and Windows . if there is no other escape route. ft. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. The height can be no less than 24". An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7 sq.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.

and copy these elements. s Copy windows. and furniture are defined in family files. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and how to position. engineering. you learn how to place doors and windows. This lesson relates to science. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. In this unit. and Language Arts. Engineering. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Some families are loaded into each empty file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. s Center a door in a wall. technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. Doors and Windows s 187 . Components such as doors. move. how to load additional door and window families. windows.

Open ADA_Doors_Windows. To flip the door. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. In other words. click Door. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the swing.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. On the Home tab. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.Doors and Windows . Build panel. When placing doors in a plan view. 3. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Add Doors 1. This can be done in a plan view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Once a door is placed. the door swing would be to the left side. elevation view. 2. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. or 3D view.

except for the Type Selector. click Load Family. and windows into project files. The display does not change. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". From the Type Selector list.Load Families 1. Doors and Windows s 189 . 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Click Open. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. 3. Mode panel. In order to keep file size small. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.rfa. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. walls. With the Door command active. Select the door Double-Panel 2. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.

If necessary.4. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.Doors and Windows . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.

simply click it and enter the correct value. Place instances of single doors as shown. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location.6. Do not add the dimensions. To Doors and Windows s 191 . or by using the swing control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. change a temporary dimension. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.Doors and Windows .rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors.

Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. click Modify and select the window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. You can place windows in a plan view. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. elevation view. 2. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Open Unit5_doors. On the Home tab. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. click Window. Add Windows 1.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. or 3D view. the outside of the window is to the left side. From the Type Selector. To reverse the window after performing another operation. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. When placing windows in a plan view. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Build panel. approach the wall from the right side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. To face the outside of the window to the other side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window.

Place seven more windows as shown. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. placed doors. You do not need to add dimensions.3. Window tags do not number in sequence. loaded a door family. you opened an existing project. In this exercise. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and placed windows. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. 4. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.Doors and Windows .

Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. On the Annotate tab. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 4.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. you open an existing project file. place a door. 2. and so on. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. 1. and modify the wall. 3. wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Dimension panel. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. constrain it to be centered in a wall. window. s Align and modify walls.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. click Aligned.

Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here.Doors and Windows . Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. Align Walls 1. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.s s s s Click the left wall. The walls are now aligned. 5. Select the upper wall first. 6. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. The door changes location. Click it and it changes as shown. Notice the symbol. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the center of the door. the other wall will remain aligned. 2. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click the lock icon to enable it.

Clear the EQ Display value. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. The walls shift and remain aligned. Change the dimension to 16. Right-click. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Dimensions display below it.) The dimension value is now shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. 5. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 3.4.

Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. you placed a continuous dimension.rvt. In this exercise.Doors and Windows .6. 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.

Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 2. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Doors and Windows s 199 . Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. especially if there are many different types. 4. click Create Similar.rvt. On the Modify | Windows tab. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Create panel. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 1. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. In this exercise.

4. Modify panel. On the Modify | Windows tab.Doors and Windows . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy. The window is copied. The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. 2. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 3. Select the window you just placed.

Click Zoom to Fit.5. In this exercise.rvt. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. 6.

cold. The stability of glass in response to wind. heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention.

what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. a. If a room is used for sleeping. 34" 4. 36" c. 30" c. Custom 3. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 32" d. 28" b. General Questions 1. s Position a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. a. 32" b. False 2. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Copy a door or window. s Place a window. s Align a door or window.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 40" d. True b. Standard b. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library.

A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. False 2. d. b. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. you: a. Insert d. Link c.Doors and Windows . a. a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. True b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you use ________. Right-click. d. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. a. Select the door. a. To change the location of a door or window. Duplicate d. Copy 8. Click Flip Direction. Click the appropriate blue arrows. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. 6. b. To center a door or window in a wall. True b. Use door grips to reposition. 4. Clone b. Select the door. Load from Library b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Click Door Properties. Offset c. A reference plane b. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Properties 3. c. False 5. c. True b. Select the door. The center snap 7. Click Door Properties. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Door and window tags are placed automatically. you use: a. Load c. Select the door.

6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Review stairs and railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Lesson Plan 1. 2. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. s Modify stair boundaries. 4. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.

and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the different stair types. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . After completing this lesson. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types.

and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and math standards. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Then.

and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . such as ice and snow. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.Stairs and Railings .

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Due to building code. This saves space when changing direction. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.

Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.

s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".

engineering. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. L-shaped runs with a landing. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. of certain horizontal depth or run.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create U-shaped stairs. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. As you move the cursor. and stairs. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. ramps.Stairs and Railings . You can define straight runs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). U-shaped stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Modify stairs. and spiral stairs. This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s Create stairs. In multistory buildings. Engineering. For safety reasons. s Add a railing. The riser and run values update accordingly. Math (STEM). you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. or tread. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. which includes elevators. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. or vertical circulation. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties.

The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. 3. you create stairs using a straight run. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This enables you to place the stairs properly.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise.rvt. On the Properties palette. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. This file is in metric units. Stairs and Railings s 217 .

click Stairs. Circulation panel. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).4. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. Run is preselected. Click OK to close the dialog box. These tools are used to define your stairs. On the Home tab. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.Stairs and Railings . In this case. 5. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. you create a straight run.

and then click to define the run of stairs. select Finish (green check). 8. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Select this intersection point to start your run. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 10. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. To change the run dimension.6. 9. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. the run footprint stops expanding. You can continue to move the cursor up. If you have not fully created the run. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can also enter a distance of 4400. On the Mode panel. As you move the cursor up. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 7.

Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.Stairs and Railings . you created and placed a straight run stair. 13. To avoid overwriting the original file. click application menu > Save As > Project.rvt. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.11. and switched to a 3D view. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. 12. In this exercise. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.

Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Edit panel. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Activate view Floor Plans.rvt. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. 2. Level 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. click Align. On the Modify tab.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The stair is not centered on the landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.

The Align command remains active. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. On the Options Bar. select Wall centerlines. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. which is located at the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. from the Prefer list. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view.Stairs and Railings . Take time to make the selections correctly. Click the center of the wall first. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.4. 5.

Select the stairs. 9. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. As you prehighlight them. s Click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Graphics. 7. Hover the cursor over the railing. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . study the instance parameters under the Constraints. and Dimensions subsections. railings were created with the stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. In the Project Browser. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. On the Properties palette.6. s For Name. 8. Change Width to 1350. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. s Click OK. enter Lobby Stairs. expand Sections (Building Section).

Cherry s s Click Modify. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.10.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings.Stairs and Railings . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Lobby Stair View.

expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. In the Type Selector. Next. Click it to select it. s Select the stairs (not a railing). you change the shape of the stairs. The railings change. 13. Mode panel. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Zoom in on the stairs. The stair changes to the run sketch. 14. click Edit Sketch. Delete this line. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan.12. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line.

Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.Stairs and Railings . To place the second arc endpoint. Click Modify. On the Draw panel. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 18. 17. 19. 16. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Click to place the arc. click the left end of the top riser. s On the Modify panel. click Boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created.15.

select the endpoint of the right boundary. First. Click to exit the Mirror command. 20. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. For the third point. Click CenterEnds-Arc.21. The left boundary will be mirrored. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. the arc center point. This will define a rounded first step. Next. click Riser. On the Draw panel.

On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . 23. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. click Finish.22. You also modified the properties of a railing. Open the {3D} view to see the results. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt. In this exercise.

Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Zoom into the landing area as shown. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Select the right side railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . The completed exercise To create a railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Therefore. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. 3. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. This is typically done in plan view. 2. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Click Modify. In this case. To make sure you are selecting the railing.rvt from the previous exercise. you sketch the plan view path. you need to define a path for the railing. For simple railings.

7. To set the exact distance.Stairs and Railings . edit the temporary dimension. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. click Line. click Edit Path. Once the railing is selected. Then. 6. 5. On the Draw panel. s s On the Options Bar. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing.4. select Chain. You do not need to add dimensions. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Mode panel. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. on the Modify | Railings tab. The dimensions are shown as a guide. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall.

Delete your lines and try again.rvt. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. 9. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. In this exercise. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Stairs and Railings s 231 . it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp.

click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 2. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. the stairs appear as a U-shape. In this exercise. Create a Reference Plane 1. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. s On the Home tab. In a floor plan view. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt from the previous exercise. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Stairs and Railings . Work Plane panel.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Options Bar. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. you create a reference plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.

5. 4. Stairs and Railings s 233 . click Stairs. enter Exit Stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. change the Width parameter to 900. Click OK. Dark Gray. For Name. Click OK twice. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Pull the cursor straight up. Matte 2. 3. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. To start sketching the run. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. On the Home tab. Circulation panel. 6.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.

with none remaining to be created. enter 1925. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 8. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Press ENTER. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to place the first run. Move the pointer to the right. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.7.Stairs and Railings . 9. Click to finish the stair run.

you select Continue to return the sketch.10. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs. On the Stairs panel. 2. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click Finish Stairs. it is because you have overlapping lines. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. 11. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. To remove the lines. Remove the additional lines. On the View Control bar. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Use Hide/Isolate 1. If you get an error message. but they are hidden behind walls.

2. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Zoom in to see your stairs.rvt. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 3. 6. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. On the View Control Bar.Stairs and Railings . The exterior walls reappear. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. and to create a U-shaped stair. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Reset the Display 1. you learned to create a reference plane. 5. On the Properties palette. Finally.3. 4. In this exercise. Select the stairs so they highlight. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. The walls are now hidden. This is a multistory stair. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.

escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 .

this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. and deliver riders without wait time.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Include landings as required by your local building code. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They cost less. smoke guards. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level.Stairs and Railings . s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. but they can also be highly decorative. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.

45 degrees c. False 2. 90 degrees d. and all treads should be the same run. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 30" b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. b. s Modify stair boundaries. a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. a. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 25 degrees b. s Create railings. True b. you learned to: s Create stairs. 40" 4. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 180 degrees 3. 32" c. False Summary/Questions s 239 . General Questions 1. a. 36" d.

False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . riser lines c. You can apply materials to different stair components. Modify c. riser d. Boundary lines. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. that is. Circle 4. True b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser.Stairs and Railings . Align Railing d. Fasten Railing 5. a. Line b. Home b. Pick New Host b. Treads. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. you use the _______ option. a. Attach Railing c. To create railings on stairs without railings. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Rectangle c. risers and treads. Insert 2. Arc d. Manage d. Railings. True b. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. risers 3. False 6. risers b. Run. a.

(Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 11. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 5. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 6. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 10. s Place fascia. Lesson Plan 1. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 9. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Review of roof types. (Student) 4.

After completing this lesson. tiles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. run. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Identify the different roof types. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building.Roofs . and pitch of a sloped roof. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. roof types. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. Calculate the rise.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. It addresses roof construction. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. gutters. and downspouts.

Math (STEM). s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. technology. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. This lesson relates to science. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Technology. s Rake: The inclined. About Roofs s 243 . s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Engineering. engineering. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and math standards.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

are designed for shedding water and snow. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. and low maintenance roofing material. brands. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. About Roofs s 245 . You can use them for many different applications. texture. and if visible. resulting in at least one textured face. They come in several types. and colors. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. and color. as well as how effective a shelter it is. the roofing pattern. fire-resistant. maintenance. resistance to wind and fire. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. These are used more often on upscale homes. durability. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. durability. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. both low and steep. the roofing pattern. texture. and sunlight. Sloped roofs. maintenance. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. rot.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and sun. and if visible. resistance to wind and fire. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. snow. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable.

galvanized steel. odor. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.Roofs . and require little maintenance. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. treatment for insects. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. quality. This same roof on a clear. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead).s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. fiberglass. and insulating capability (R-value). durable. special characteristics (for example. reinforced plastic. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. When choosing the insulation for your job. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. Unfortunately. They are fire-resistant. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. and so forth). zinc alloy. Therefore. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. consider such factors as cost. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. or corrugated structural glass. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. galvanized steel.

The slope usually leads to interior drains. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Roofs . These are commonly used in French-style houses. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. The run value is typically equal to 12. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. run. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. where as.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof.

Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7-12. try to specify standard roof pitch. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12.When designing a roof. and pitch is noted as a fraction. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 and 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.Roofs . 7 on 12.

or eaves. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s Place gutters. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. To create a roof by face. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Roofs s 255 . often supporting a gutter. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. Once you create a roof.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. soffits. s Create various roof types. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. dormers. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Create a roof fascia. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. you can add gutters. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Assign roof structure and materials. snow. To create a roof by the extrusion method. that convey rainwater to drains. or ice. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. and fascia. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Create a hip roof. or roof overhangs. you work with massing shapes and not building components. water.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. engineering.

you create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 2. 3..rvt. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. In the Work Plane dialog box. Click OK to continue. the top of the roof profile is sketched. To create an extruded roof. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 4. select the Name option. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.

The section view should display as shown. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 3. 2. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. On the Work Plane panel. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Draw panel. select Section: Section 1. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Go To View dialog box. click Ref Plane. 6. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. s Use the image below for guidance. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. click Line. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. Before sketching the roof's profile. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Click Open View.5. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Drawing Reference Planes 1.Roofs . you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Roofs s 259 . s Click the EQ toggle. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click Modify. Using the image below for guidance. 5. s Select the new dimension.6.

for Name. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. The name displays when you select the reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. click Line. you can label them. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 3. 1. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 2. enter Horizontal.Roofs . On the Mode panel. Click OK. click Finish (green check). s On the Options Bar. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 4. 5. Right-click. Click Modify. click Chain. 7.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 6. On the Properties palette.

12" type. Switch to a 3D view.8. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Roofs s 261 . 9.

Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. carefully select the far right roof edge.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. This is a two-step process. On the Modify tab. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 3. 1. Edit Geometry panel. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Using the images for guidance. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 2. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls.Roofs . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.

Select both walls. Roofs s 263 . click Attach: Top/ Base. On the Options Bar. select Attach Wall: Top. On the Modify Wall panel. open the view Sections: Section 1. The roof is now trimmed on both sides.4. To select both walls together. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Trim Walls 1. 3. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. However. 2. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. In the Project Browser. Select the roof.

you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct. In this exercise.rvt.Roofs .4. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.

you create a gable roof using a footprint. a dialog box is displayed. 3. The inner loops define openings in the roof.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . so you look straight down as in a plan. by Footprint. From the drop-down list. Because you are in a 3D view. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.rvt. On the Home tab. Unit7_first_roof. In this exercise. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 4. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Click Yes. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. select Garage Roof. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. from existing walls. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Build panel. 1. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties.

Next. 6. s On Options Bar. click Pick Walls. Use the image below for guidance. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 7.Roofs . To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. click Defines Slope. 8. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. clear the Defines slope option.5. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. select the vertical wall on the left. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . If you place a line on the wrong side. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch.0".

Other controls also display. Click Modify. 2. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. When a roof line is set to slope defining. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. change the value to 6"/12". Select the left slope defining line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 1. click Yes. Roofs s 267 . the slope arrow symbol displays next to it.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. It becomes an editable field. Select the right side roof line. That value displays next to the slope arrow. The new roof displays. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Change this value to 6"/12". To complete the roof. click Finish. defining lines separately. Click the 9"/12" text. 3. By default.

4.rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.Roofs . 5. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

click to select them.rvt. To chain-select all of the walls. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Roofs s 269 . On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Build panel. 3. 2. On Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The file opens to a 3D view. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. 4. set the overhang to 1' 0". click Roof > Roof by Footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Clear Defines Slope.

sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Roofs . 2. click Rectangle. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . As an alternate. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Options Bar. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Zoom into the chimney area.Create a Roof Opening 1. 4. Using the image for guidance. On the Draw panel. 3. Right-click.

3. Select the left lower horizontal line. horizontal line. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 5. select Defines Slope. 6. click Yes. 2. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. Select the uppermost. As in the previous exercise. Click Finish. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 4. The slope indicator displays. select the Defines Slope. On the Options Bar.

attached walls. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise. and chimney penetration.7.rvt. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 8.

Build panel.rvt. 4. 5. you create a hip roof. set Overhang to 2' .0". 3. Select Defines Slope. Roofs s 273 . 2. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Create the Roof 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls shown in the image. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Options Bar. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Zoom into the area shown. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.

Roofs . you use the Line tool. In addition. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Raise the Roof 1. Click Finish to complete the roof. s s Clear Defines Slope. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line.7. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 2. Switch to a 3D View. s On the Draw panel. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Right-click the ViewCube. 6. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. 3. To close the roof sketch.0". Roof sketches must create a closed loop.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . In this exercise.rvt.2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Create a Shed Roof 1. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The file should open to a 3D view. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.rvt. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. Clear Defines Slope. On the Draw panel. 7. 5. 2. click Line. 3. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Roofs s 277 . 4. 6. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.

Roofs . 10. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 9. 11. On the Properties palette. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Toggle Slope Defining. 12. 13. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Offset to 0' 0".8. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Click Modify. Select the lower. Right-click the line.

rvt. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 17.14. Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 279 . 15. In this exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 18. 16. Finish the Roof. click Yes. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click OK.

Select the Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open the Default 3D view. On the menu bar. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 2. 3. Activate the view North Elevation.Roofs .rvt. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 5. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You see four levels defined in the model. On the Properties palette. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof updates. select Level 3. Cutoff Level list. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 4. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.

On the Home tab. In this exercise.6. 8. Finish the Roof. 13. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. On the Options Bar. Zoom and spin to see your model. 9. Roofs s 281 . 7. To set the slope for the new roof. click Pick Lines. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Switch to a 3D View. 10. set the slope value to 3"/12". select Defines Slope. on the Properties palette. 11. On the Draw panel. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 12.

3. Select the main roof over the house. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. In the Type Selector.rvt.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The file should open to a 3D view. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.Roofs . 1. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. thereby reducing energy consumption. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 2.

s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile.Define a Roof Structure 1. 5. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Name. enter Clay Tile. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Roofs s 283 . 4. Click Insert to add a layer. click Edit Type. click Duplicate. 3. click Edit. s Click OK. 2. For Structure Value. Select the roof over the garage. Select Layer 2 as shown. It is a generic roof type. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.

Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 7. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 6. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Click OK.s s s In the Materials dialog box. The garage roof displays a pattern.rvt. 8. Click OK twice. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. select Model. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".Roofs . In the Fill Pattern dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. In this exercise.

2. 4. or for decoration. On the Insert tab. In this exercise. Click Open. 3. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. In the Open dialog box. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rvt. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. On the Home tab. click Roof > Fascia.rfa. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Roofs s 285 . to support a gutter.

for Profile. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. For Name.Roofs . click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. Matte. Click OK. Click Duplicate. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Set the Material value to Metal . just loaded: s On the Properties palette.5. 6. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Type Properties dialog box.

rvt. Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. 9.

The completed exercise 4. Place Gutters In this exercise. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 2.Bevel: 5" x 5". under Profile parameter. 3. On the Home tab. Under Material parameter. Click OK.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. click Roof > Gutter. The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK. select Metal Aluminum. select Gutter . s Click Duplicate.Roofs . you add gutters to a building. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. For Name. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. 5. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.

You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. In this exercise.7. 10. 8. you attached gutters to a roof. 11. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 9. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Segments will clean up at corners. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. If you click the interior face. the gutter displays on the wrong side.rvt. Roofs s 289 .

s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.Roofs . and cold. heat.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place gutters. None of the above 3. Hip c. the run is always 12. Medium c. Gable b. a. Gambrel d. s Define a roof structure. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. True b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place fascia. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Low b. Shed 4. a. General Questions 1. False 2.Roofs . a. When referring to roof slope. High d. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.

a. Footprint b. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Activate Slope 9. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. ______ or _______. Walls. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Walls d. a. a. extrusion. a. extrusion. Trim/Extend b. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. profile 2. False 7. Create Slope d. Add Slope b. Expand/Contract 6. Roofs can be created using ______. False Summary/Questions s 293 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. a. Footprint. TAB b. c. Face 3. Cut/Lengthen c. True b. Defines Slope c. pick d. DEL d. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Sketch c. False 5. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. profile. True b. Turn slopes on or off. Slope c. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. SHIFT c. Create an opening. Change the direction of the roof. A compound roof contains layers. 10. Change the direction of the slope. you use: a. face b. ENTER 4. sketch. True b. Footprint b. To add a slope to a roofline. b. lines c. Extrusion d. d. place a check mark next to: a. a. Sketch. a. Footprint. Material 8.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create slope annotations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. s Create a section view.

Elevations are derived from the floor plan. In a residential building. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. the location of special equipment. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. After completing this lesson. floor. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and special equipment. and wall conditions at that particular slice location.Sections and Elevations . Sections are used to examine the roof. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and tool racks. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. bathrooms.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. cabinetry. In a commercial structure. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. the kitchen. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. and Language Arts. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). technology.

s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and foundation plans.Sections and Elevations . t Cross or transverse sections. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. framing. on the long axis of the building. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. and are properly cross-referenced. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. across its narrower dimension. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

full. such as framing connections and foundation details. unnecessary. partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s The position relationship between different elements. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. For larger elevations.Sections and Elevations . such as doors and windows.

or methods of installation. You may. followed by any additional information about spacing. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. East. The size of the object is listed first. this is reversed. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Therefore. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the titles assigned (North. cars. bushes. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. shadows. For a wood structure. South. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. and then the name of the material. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. people. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Unnecessary Information Shades." Mfr. and so forth. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. With interior elevations. however. For siding. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. For example. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. quantity. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials.

Hinges are concealed. chamfers. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. The trim is usually glued into place. Molding is usually made of plaster. or a baseboard. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. coving.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. or decorative patterns. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. shelf arrangements. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. or linoleum) and the wall. doors and direction of door swings. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". and lip. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. dishwashers. windows. other openings. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. doors. It can also be used around doorways and windows. This is usually done using a topset. and types of finish materials used. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. or MDF. wood.Sections and Elevations . The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. and other appliances. and materials used. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. which is a formed pressboard. It may have curves. and special equipment such as toilets. This is more costly than regular overlay. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. casements. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. tile. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. flush overlay.

s Create and add notes to a detail section.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. which you can then add to a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Change the section head. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create an interior elevation. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. and a section symbol on all plans. s Add slope annotations. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. This automatically creates the section view in the model. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line.

The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. This lesson relates to science. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. like an elevation. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Once created. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Sections and Elevations . and Language Arts. engineering. Math (STEM). technology. and math standards. A section is a horizontal view. Engineering.

and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. provided its crop region intersects the view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. or other section view. elevation. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. Sections and Elevations s 307 . the section symbol does not display in that plan view.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.

tracing over the existing elements. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Add structural details. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. In the example shown. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. such as anchor bolts and siding. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Once you create the detail section. In a set of construction documents. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Add detail notes. Slope is also referred to as pitch. So. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Details are crucial for effective construction. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. The slope is the ratio rise:run. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add breaklines as needed. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 .

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . try to specify standard roof pitch.

4. Create a Section View 1. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Open the file ADA_Sections. 3. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The completed exercise 6. The file opens to a 3D view. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Create panel. The Section command is available from the View tab. 2. click Section.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. On the View tab.

This is called the crop region. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. and it has control grips to resize it. The actual location is not critical. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Section Properties 1. With the section line selected.Sections and Elevations . the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. On the Properties palette. 3. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop.

Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Save the file as Unit8_section1. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 313 . 7. 6. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 8. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Note that the stairs are now easier to see. In the Properties palette. When you drew the section line.rvt. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 5. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The section view updates. you automatically created a section view. Clear Crop Region Visible.4. The view is listed in your Project Browser.

Settings panel.Sections and Elevations .rvt. On the Manage tab. The view does not change. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. In the Type Properties dialog box. Section Head .Filled. They include Section Head . Several section head families are available. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Select Section Head-Open. 4. click Load Family. 5. 7.1 point Filled. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. and Section Head . 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Insert tab. 6. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Click Open to load the family. For Name. click Duplicate. 3. Click OK. 2. Load from Library panel. enter Open Arrow. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. In this exercise. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.No Arrow.rfa.

The section head updates to the new head type. Click Duplicate. For Name. 12. 11.Open.8. Click OK. Save as Unit8_section_open. For Section Head. 13. In the Section Tag field. select Open Arrow. click Edit Type. select Section Head . In this exercise. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.rvt. On the Properties palette. enter Open Arrow. Select the section line. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 10. 9. Click OK. 14.

rvt. 4. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. click Callout.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. This is a building section. 3. On the Options Bar. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". To reposition the callout head. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Use the image below for guidance. 2. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create panel. select the border of the callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 5. 6. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.

7. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. region patterns. 4. On the Options Bar. 1. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. select Chain. click Region > Filled Region. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Line is selected automatically. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 8. but not strongly. as shown. On the Properties palette.rvt. Detail panel. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 3. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. On the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 317 . On the Annotate tab. detail components. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 2. You can add detail lines. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it.

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the upper and right side lines. enter Earth. On the Properties palette.5. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 6. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. For Name. 7. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

Detail panel. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. On the Mode panel.Section. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . From the Fill Pattern list.8. click Load Family. 3. 2. click Component > Detail Component. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the pattern becomes visible. On the Annotate tab. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Finish (green check). 1.rfa. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . If you zoom in closer. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK. 9. Click Open.

Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. From the Type Selector. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Click OK. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 5.4. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Specify Types dialog box.Sections and Elevations .

select Plywood. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Using the image below for guidance. Sections and Elevations s 321 .6. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector. 8. Add another Detail Component. 7. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. From the Type Selector list. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.

Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . The exact vertical placement is not critical. select anchor bolt. This component represents the subflooring. From the Type Selector. Select the vertical plywood. Place the component similarly to the image below. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. On the Properties palette. set the Thickness to 3/4". 12. Use the image below for guidance. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.9. 11. Click Component > Detail Component. 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.

Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Add another Detail Component. 14.13. On the Options Bar. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Lap Siding. Use the image below for guidance. select Multiple. select Copy. On the Modify panel of the context tab. From the Type Selector. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.

Detail panel. click Detail Line. From the Line Style Selector. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.15. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Add Detail Lines 1.Sections and Elevations . 2. Save the file. select Wide Lines. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 16. Start at the end of the siding. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.

5. 4.3. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel.

Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. The wall display updates.Sections and Elevations . 10. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file. identified as Wall material 1. Detail panel. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 8. Next. 7. click Insulation. Right-click. select the Material field in row 3. On the Annotate tab. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Add Insulation 1. 2. 9. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.6. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Modify. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Select the wall so it highlights.

Your view should resemble the image shown. select Break Line. From the Type Selector. 1. 3. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 327 . On the Annotate tab.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.

7.Sections and Elevations . Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. You place another breakline. Save the file. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. The view should resemble the image shown. 5. and detail components to it. To complete the detail. 6.4. In this exercise. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Click Zoom to Fit. Place the breakline as shown. detail lines. The Detail Component tool is still active. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).

Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 1. quantity. weatherproofing. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The border around the view will disappear. 3. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.rvt. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. or methods of installation. 2. and ventilation methods in construction documents. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The size of the object is listed first. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. s Clear Annotation Crop. To add notes. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. With nothing selected in the view.

you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. insulation. 8.Sections and Elevations . Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. leader arrow as shown.4. 6. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . click Two Segments. From the Type list. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.4" WEATHERING. On the Format panel. 9. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 7. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. click Text. Text panel. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. As you pull your cursor to the right. 12. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 5. On the Annotate tab. Move the pointer up 11. 10. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. R13. Finally.

or wood treated with preservative against rot.. Enter 5/8" GWB . Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.C. 14. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.13. CONT is short for Continuous. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.C. .. 19. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. 17.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 . and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. 15. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.TYPE X. as the second line of text.C. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. 20. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 18. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 16. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Click off the text to finish the entry. O.

Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click ENTER to start a second line. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 23. 22.Sections and Elevations . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. In this exercise. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Click Modify. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .. 21. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.

Right-click. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. you will want to add the views to a sheet.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. or elevation view. 6. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click Open. In the Project Browser. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Sections and Elevations s 333 . highlight Sheets. Click New Sheet. The new sheet becomes the current view. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 2. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 4. section.rvt. 5. and locate the detail view on it. Locate the A-Landscape. Highlight your title block. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. click Load. 3. In this exercise.

On the View Control Bar.Sections and Elevations . click Hide Crop Region. Select a Level Line. Both Level ends will move together. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. click Show Crop Region. 9. Click the control at its left end. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. close to the crop border. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar.7. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 8. Drag it to the right. In the Project Browser.

Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. In the Project Browser. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Sections and Elevations s 335 . 12. Click OK. you: s Created a new sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.rvt. s Modified the label values in the title block.301. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Right-click. For Name. For Number. 11. highlight the new sheet. enter S. In this exercise.10. Click Rename. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 13. Click Zoom to Fit.

4. 2. east. and west. s Set the display for building components as needed. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 5. 3. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Select Elevations. Right-click. Open ADA_Elevations. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 6. Click OK. When you create a project with a template. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Add any necessary dimensions. s Add slope indication for roof. Click Zoom to Fit. s Add material notes.Sections and Elevations . four elevation views are included: north. south. Click the Annotations tab. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). It is defined by the green dotted line. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. The elevation markers are now visible.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Annotations tab. clear Sections. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 3. 5. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Modelling tab. Next. 4.2. clear Planting. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. On the View Control Bar.

11. 10.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. you activated an elevation view. click Edit Type. 9. 13. Select Sand.Sections and Elevations . 12.Exterior Stucco. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the button that displays to select a material. Click Zoom to Fit. In Surface Pattern. In this exercise. modified its display.7. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 8. and modified the wall display characteristics. Select the wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. click to open the list. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. It will be identified as Condo . select Edit in the Structure field. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.

you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Add a note for the foundation. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. or methods of installation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 2. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Add a note for the stone wall. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 5. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 3. Enter TX. In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.rvt.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. The size of the object is listed first. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 4. quantity.

you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9. 8. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the brick wall.6.rvt. 7. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the exterior stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise.

2. On the Options Bar. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 3. 1. enter 1/8". select Triangle. from the Slope Representation list. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Click to select the roof line. 4. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Dimension panel. 6. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 5. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.rvt. For Offset from Reference. On the Annotate tab. click Spot Slope. Click again to locate the slope indicator.

Click to select the roof line. 11. click Aligned. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click Modify. 9. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Dimension panel. On the Annotate tab. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 10.7.Sections and Elevations .

you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Arrange notes.rvt. slope indicators. The west elevation now contains material notes. 14. and dimensions for clarity. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.12. 13. In this exercise. leaders. and vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. select wall breaks and levels.

Click Open View. 3. This view was already defined in the drawing. equipment rooms. kitchens. In this exercise. Click Find Referring Views. Highlight the view. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.Sections and Elevations .rvt. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. and cabinetry. special closets. dimensions. 2. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. In the Project Browser. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms.

Sections and Elevations s 345 . click Aligned. Dimension panel.4. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. click OK. s s s s Click Duplicate. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. 7. Right-click. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Clear Use Project Settings. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". On the Annotate tab. 5. Select Suppress 0 Feet. In the Name box. 6.

detail the interior section. 10. In this exercise. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Using the Text and Dimension tools. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.rvt. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

All of the above. a. c. Not in Concrete b. False 3. The orientation of the exterior elevation. 4. Walls c. d. Cabinetry d. c. is always the true orientation. Bathrooms and kitchens b. it depends. True b. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. s Create material annotations. Not in Contract c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Either one. Nobody in Charge d. The direction the structure is facing. 2. s Create filled regions. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Show the relationships between elements. s Create slope annotations. b. Indicate the location of doors and windows. such as north. All of the above 5. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create a section view.

The boundaries of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. c. Element properties c. South d. but not a 6. Which elevation is it? a. North 3. On the View tab. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. True b. Sun and Shadow b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The detail level of the view. East b. False 2. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. The dotted line indicates: a. The height of the view. d. True b.Sections and Elevations . Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. d. Right-click. The Visual Style of the view. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. c. b. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Sheet Composition > View. b and c. a. you use: a. a. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. 4. West c. Click Add View. b. False 5.

s Reformat a schedule. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Lesson Plan 1.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. Review Schedules. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 2. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 5. 6. s Load a schedule tag.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.Schedules .

height.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. such as reference number. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Engineering. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Some of these building objects include. and math standards. about the building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. Math (STEM). width. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. and thickness. About Schedules s 351 . and Language Arts.

However. Instance. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. the same primary information is included. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. There are different types of schedule tables. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . depending on the style of the architectural firm. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.Schedules . s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. The following image shows door. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Like schedules. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. E for electrical. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). hexagon. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Other letters are P for plumbing.Schedules . Using the software. window. However. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and A for appliances. A circle.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedules s 355 . s Export a schedule. technology. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. s Add room tags. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Schedules list items such as doors. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Technology. and you can create your own schedules. s Create a room schedule. materials. Math (STEM). Project templates include preset schedules. rooms. hardware. Engineering. and Language Arts.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. equipment. engineering. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows.

2. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.rvt. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Schedules . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. and you set the schedule to display totals. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. select Comments. Add Count. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In Available Fields. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Schedules s 357 . The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Type Mark. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box.s Window Tag 5. 4. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. 6. Select Windows from the list. Height. 3. Click Add. On the View tab. Level. 7. and Width.

Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Select the fields. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .8. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules . from left to right.

Schedules s 359 . Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Select Blank Line. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 1. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark. 2. but without any useful calculations yet.

4. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 2.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 3. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. click Edit. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 1. select Level. Notice how the schedule has changed. click the schedule name. clear Itemize Every Instance. Rather than make a manual calculation. for Sorting/ Grouping. On the Properties palette. In order to calculate the total number of windows. in this case). The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. In the Project Browser. you can have the schedule report this. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. in the Then By sorting field.Schedules .

5. select Title. Schedules s 361 . Count. and Totals. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Footer. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. click Edit 7. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. for Sorting/ Grouping. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. The totals for each window type now display. 6. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. From the list.rvt. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. In this exercise. s Set the schedule to display category totals.

floor type. click Room > Room. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Room & Area panel. 2. 3. click Overwrite the Existing Version.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. ceiling type. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms.rvt. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. On the Home tab. Locate the file named Room Tag. based on the amount of space in each room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Schedules . One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 5. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. occupancy. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Click Open. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. Room size. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 4. In this exercise.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.

and in the hall as shown. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector. 6. 8. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 7. On the Home tab. Schedules s 363 . select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area.

The cursor changes to sketch mode. click Room. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. On the Room & Area panel.9. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box.Schedules . Select Room #2. 11. The area value for Room 7 updates. s Click the Room text. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 10. 13. Click Modify. s Change the word Room to Manager. The room tag updates. 12.

On the Properties palette. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Changed room tag field values. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Added a room separation. s Tagged various objects.14. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. In this exercise. enter Sales.rvt. you: s Loaded a room tag. for Name. Schedules s 365 . 15.

The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. On the View tab. Create panel. The completed exercise 5. select Number. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Name. enter Square Footage Report. Create a Room Schedule 1.rvt. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click Add--> after each selection. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 6. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. For Name.Schedules . you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. In the Available Fields pane. 3. 2. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Set the Sort By value to Number. Click OK. 4.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. and Area to be included in your schedule.

Highlight the Area field. Select Title and Totals from the list. Change the Heading to No. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right. 8. clear Use Project Settings. Click OK. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Select Calculate Totals. 9. In the Format dialog box. Select Grand Totals. Highlight the Number field.7. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Click Field Format. 10. Schedules s 367 .

s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise. s Totaled one of the columns. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.Schedules .11. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12. you: s Created a room schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.rvt.

you export the room schedule to a text file.rvt. You can then use this file in other applications. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 4.txt) file. Click Save.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Click OK. The file is created. Note the formatting that has been applied. 3. On the application menu. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Using your Windows Explorer. Schedules s 369 . Double-click it to open it. 6. 2. locate the file you created. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Browse to a directory to save your report. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 5. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. Close the text file.7.Schedules . 8. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.

Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A list of sheets used in a project. Matrix d. a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. s Export a schedule. 2. True b. What is a schedule table? a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. d. s Place a schedule tag.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False Summary/Questions s 371 . c. b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. None of the above. Quantity c. Type b. Instance 3. True b. s Load a schedule tag. s Reformat a schedule. a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Questions 1. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False 4.

Annotate tab b. a. use the ____ . To export a schedule. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. a. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. View c. CSV d. XLS c. TXT b. View tab c. Modify 2. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Annotate b. Manage tab 3.Schedules . Application menu d. Home d.

Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 3. 4. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Review Visualization. 2.

s Create a raytrace rendering. After completing this lesson. or camera on a path. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Orient walls and windows. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Play a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. The animation file can be played in any media player. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Technology. s Place a camera. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Create and edit a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Assign materials. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. you create a walkthrough. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. s Apply shading to a view. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file.Visualization . s Export an FBX file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Add planting components. Finally. Engineering. s Export a walkthrough. s Export a DWG file.

You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Click Zoom to Fit. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Assign materials. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Open Unit2_custom_family. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You worked on animations. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.rvt. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. s s 2. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. courseware datasets.

The wall display updates. 6.3. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Right-click.Visualization . Select any exterior wall. The walls now display layers of materials. Stud. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. If you do not see any change in the wall display. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 5. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Select one of the exterior walls.

Select walls. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Right-click. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Repeat the process for the windows. Click Change wall's orientation. Select the toposurface object. you can: s s s 9. 8. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass. Open the Default 3D view. On the Properties palette.7. Visualization s 377 . 10. In addition to using the control arrows. Click OK.

Depending on your system resources. Note the file location. for Files of type.Visualization . If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 12. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. Select the Roof. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Save the file as Unit10_Export. and click Open. 3. Open 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. click Import > Import. On the application menu.11. you have completed this exercise. click Export > FBX. Select the file name. 2. Export the Model to FBX 1. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. select Autodesk (*. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.FBX).

The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 3. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. open Unit10_Export. If necessary. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. 2.rvt. On the application menu. There is no way to update it from Revit. click Next. Open or return to Revit. Export the Model to DWG 1. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Note the file location. Close the file without saving.4. you have completed this exercise. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Visualization s 379 .

In the File Link Manager . click Attach This File. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. If necessary. 9. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.4. Select the file name. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 7. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.rvt. Open 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. 8. Close the File Link Manager. click References > File Link Manager. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 6.Visualization . Select two windows as shown.max. click File. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. Click Open. On the application menu. 5.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 12. Save the export file using the same name as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 13. 11. The windows have updated. Save the file. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Open the 3D view. In the dialog box. On the application menu.10. Visualization s 381 .

s Click Reload. s Changed a material definition. s Oriented walls and windows. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. 15. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. In this exercise. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Close the File Link Manager. Open the Files tab. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design.Visualization . s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. The linked file updates. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open the File Link Manager.14.

Open Unit10_Export. and create a second rendering. Place a Camera 1. Create panel. click Camera. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. as shown. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. you place a camera in a model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. If you place the camera too close to the model. On the View tab.rvt.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. 3. Open the Site view. Visualization s 383 . generate a rendering. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. In this exercise. add plantings to the model. 2. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. change materials.

Render Setup 1. 7. If necessary. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 6. s s s s Open a floor plan view.Visualization . 5. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Open the Site view again. On the View Control Bar. The camera will be visible. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser.4. Right-click. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Click Show Camera. select Very Few Clouds. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 2. The camera perspective view opens. Return to the perspective view. click Show Rendering Dialog.

Visualization s 385 .30' approximately as shown. 2. 3. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. click Site Component. Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. On the Massing & Site tab. and Lighting. Model Site panel. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Open view 3D View 1. Output Settings. Open the Site view.3. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Enhance the Model 1. s Click Render.

4. click Edit Type. 2. In the Layer 1 Material field. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. select Roofing . The model displays in the view.Visualization . Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 5. 3. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Change Materials 1. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. click Save to Project. Revit places the image in its own view. click OK. 5. Select an exterior wall. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click Show the Model. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Materials list.Wood Shake. 4. 6. In the Save to Project dialog box. On the Properties palette. Click Edit in the Structure field.

7. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Replace. Click the Render Appearance tab.10. Visualization s 387 . Select the icon next to Masonry . 9.

s Created a raytrace setup. In this exercise. 14. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box.Brick Uniform Running Brown. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. click Render. The new image is placed in its own view. Select Masonry . s Generated and captured a second render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.Visualization . 13. 15. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK.11. 12. In the Rendering dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Save to Project. s Placed site planting components in the model. 16.rvt. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s Right-click. s On the View tab. Visualization s 389 . Click Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom Out (2x). click to the left of the model as shown. 4.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. and exported individually. In this exercise. or walkthroughs. 2. rendered. Each view.rvt. The camera and path can be edited. s Right-click again. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. Create panel. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Open floor plan view Level 1. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. along the path can be viewed in different modes. click 3d View > Walkthrough. in a project model. To place a key frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. or frame. s Edit the camera and path. Open Unit10_render. s View the animation in a media player. 3.

Select the direction control for the camera. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 11. Repeat for all the key frames. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Walkthrough panel.5. 9. The Options Bar changes. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 10. The camera is located on the final key frame. click Finish Walkthrough. 6. click Edit Walkthrough.Visualization . Drag it to the left. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7. 8.

change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.12. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. From the Controls list. If camera positions distort. 13. Visualization s 391 . click Next Key Frame. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Open. On the Walkthrough panel. select Path. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. 2. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 3. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Check the view in several key frames.

Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Revit generates the external AVI file. 3. notice where you save the file. 2. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Click OK. Click Save. select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. click OK. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 2. File Name. On the application menu. Export the Walkthrough 1. Click Play. 4. In the Video Compression dialog box.rvt. The walkthrough plays in the view window.Play the Walkthrough 1.Visualization . In the Length/Format dialog box.

You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Double-click the new file name. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Visualization s 393 . Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Plan your class time accordingly. 6.5. It plays in your media player.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise.7. save the Revit Architecture file. s Edited the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.Visualization .

you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view. Print to File b. s Create a raytrace rendering. you use: a. View > Shading d. you use: a. Save As > FBX c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Export > FBX 3. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Add planting components. s Export an FBX file. a. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough. False Summary/Questions s 395 . True b. s Play a walkthrough. a. Demolish 2. False 2. s Export a DWG file. True b. Split b. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. True b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Place a camera. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. Flip Orientation d. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Assign materials. Align c. a. Questions 1. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. False Revit Architecture Questions 1.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . Review structural columns. foundations. and braces. 2. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. In the following exercises.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. beams. beam systems. 4. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Evaluate Students. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams and braces. 5. you learn how to place structural columns. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.

beams. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and other structural elements will be located in a building.Structural . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

Knowing where structural members. especially columns. walls.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. and other building objects. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.Structural .

Engineering. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts. Create column grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Place columns and beams on grids. To review the list of standards for each lesson. After completing this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place beam systems and braces. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Math (STEM).

The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. or reinforced concrete. Structural columns can be steel. As with columns. this is known as post and beam construction. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Select a floor. or concrete. Beams connect columns or walls. 1.Hide Category. In residential construction. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. They come in types defined by size and shape. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Open Deck Framing.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. In this exercise. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . 2. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. beams can be steel. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . On the View Control Bar. wood. 3. click Column > Structural Column. spans without walls. often mainly glass. wood.

Structural s 403 . This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A.4. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 8. 3A. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 5. On the View Control Bar. click Depth. On the Options Bar. 6. and 4B. In the Type Selector. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 7.

Place Beams 1. Click OK. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. 11.Structural . Click OK. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Open Plan View Deck Framing.9. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 2. Click Hide In View > Element. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 10. and columns clearly. The columns are now hidden by the floors. In the Project Browser. double-click view Framing Cutaway. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

click Beam. Structure panel. On the Structure tab. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Chain. 4. Click. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 5. s In the view window.3. On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. In the Type Selector. To place beams: Structural s 405 .

On the Properties palette. Click Modify. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . 6.

click Beam. If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. 12. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. 11. as shown. Structure panel. In this exercise. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Make Wall Bearing. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.rvt. Structural s 407 . On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.8. Click Modify. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Click. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click on grid intersection B4. 9. Click OK.

This system saves time when preparing framing plans. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Plan View Deck Framing. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. or number of beams in a bay. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames.Structural . On the Structure tab. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 4.rvt. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. 2. Place Beam Systems 1. click Beam System. you: s Place beam systems. Structure panel. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click No. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Open Deck Beams. In this exercise. Click the beam on Grid 1. The completed exercise 5. s Place braces. 3. click Sketch Beam System. distance.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Pick Supports.

click Line. 7. as shown. On the Draw panel. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

set Elevation to -0'-9". Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Finish (green check). click Pick Supports. s s s On the Draw panel. On the Mode panel. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .6". Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Trim as necessary. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . 11. On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. click Create Similar. s 9. s s On the Draw panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. click Line. Click Finish. On the Properties palette.8.2".Structural . s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click the beam on Grid 2.

On the View tab. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Adjust the view crop region as shown. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. 4. click Brace. as shown. Create panel. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. It has an automatic work plane.Place Braces 1. 5. On the View Control Bar. On the Structure tab. Click to place the elevation. unlike regular elevations. Structure panel. 3. In the Project Browser. Structural s 411 . Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. 2.

Repeat the brace going right to left. Click Modify. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace.6.Structural . select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the Type Selector. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. to start the brace. 8. 9. In the view window. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Save the file as Deck structure.rvt. s Placed braces. you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise. 11. Structural s 413 .10.

and section views. You can change a grid number at any time. and walls. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Datum panel. Grid datasets.Structural . click Grid. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. beams. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. but they can also be angular and radial. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. elevation. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. In this exercise. as shown. The numbering automatically increments. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Pull the cursor straight up. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. 2. s s In the view window. In plan views. The exact location is not critical. The exact length is not critical. This is a common step early in designing a large building.

Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to place a new grid line.3. 4. The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Structural s 415 . The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to start another grid line.

Pull the cursor to the right. Grid 3 is already the selection set.Structural .5. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. The new grid line is number 5. Click to start a grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. close to the heads. Enter A at the keyboard. click to place the grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Press ENTER. 7. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. 6. Press ENTER. s Select Grid Line 2. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. The new grid line will be number 3. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Pull the cursor to the left. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Repeat to create grid line 4. click Copy. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1.

Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Select grid 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. This grid line will be number B. 11. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. click the elbow control to place an offset. Grid 2.1 is still selected. 10. 9.1. s Click to place the grid line. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. On the grid line. Structural s 417 .8. s Click Copy. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Change the number to 2. This completes the main grid. The Grid tool is still active. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.

To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Radius. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Click in the new grid bubble. 4. select Center-Ends Arc. The Grid tool is still active. enter 15. s Click to start the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. set Offset to 15'-0".000 o . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Home tab. 3. Change the number to EE. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Create panel. On the Draw panel. click Grid. Zoom to Fit. Press ENTER. On the Options Bar.Create a Radial Column Grid 1.Structural . On the Draw panel. Click to place the grid head. click Pick. s s Click grid intersection D3. In the Radius field.

Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. 7. Drag it down below the radial grids.5. 6. Click to place grid FF. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. You will need to identify it easily. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together.

420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Pick Axis. 11.Structural . Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Click in the new grid bubble.rvt. s 10. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Press ENTER. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Zoom to Fit. click Mirror . s Click grid intersection D3. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.8. Revit will create grid 32. 9.000. Enter 31 to change the name. s Select grid 31. click Create Similar. s Select grid 3. Click to place the grid line. s In this exercise. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.

Structure panel. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. As a result.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. This is a steel column. s Use a column grid to place beams. s 3. you typically create a grid. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Column > Structural Column. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Open ADA_Grids-complete. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Add footings to columns. 2. s Change a grid layout. In the Type Selector. Structural s 421 . To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In this exercise. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33.

4. In the Multiple panel. click Finish. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 4. 2. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . On the Multiple panel. 3. 5. set Height to Level 3.s s On the Options Bar. A. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. C and D. B. 6. click At Grids.

5. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. The grid. Zoom to Fit. click Beam. columns. Click Grid 1.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. 2. Structural s 423 . Window-select all the grid lines. On the Multiple panel. 3. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click On Grids. click Finish. 4. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns.

click Undo. Open the Default 3D view. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 1. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family.Structural . Columns and beams will move to the right. 2. On the Multiple panel. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. In the view window. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. window-select all the columns. Click Redo. click No. 3. On the Multiple panel. On the Quick Access toolbar. click Isolated. click At Columns.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click Finish. 4.

The footing had been placed at Level 1. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. 7.5. 6. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Press ESC to clear the column selection. The footing changes size. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. Click OK. To change the size of the footing. s On the Properties palette. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". A warning displays. Select the footing at the base of the extended column.

s Changed a grid layout. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.8. s Added footings to columns.Structural . Save and close the file. In this exercise.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.Structural .

s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Brace c. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. Column b. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Use a column grid to place columns. True b. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Questions 1. All of the above. s Place braces. Beam d. 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place beam systems. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a.

a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you: a. d. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Properties c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the height of a column. Select the type of beam or column to place. If you relocate a grid line. True b.Structural . d. False 4. A but not B. 3. 5. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. b. A and B. True b. 2. When placing columns or beams. c. you can: a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. c. b. Flip Orientation d. To create a beam system. Stretch b. a. you use: a. All of the above. Select a beam type and define the system layout. Pick points.

Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . PE . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Inc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Poway. Mathematics.Instructor. CA Ronald A Williams.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. South Division High School.iteaconnect. Poway High School.Teacher. Copyright s 431 . Randy Dymond.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .org Project Lead the Way. Milwaukee. Susan Harrington . International Technology Education Association www. Smith .Executive Director. Ltd.Director. Starkweather . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. WI Roger Dohm .

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