Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls.

and 3D views. windows. stairs. Other building elements such as doors. elevation.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. floors.Software Tools . roofs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . section. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. You can add building elements in plan.

windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown. In the illustration shown. the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. or at any time after.While components are being sketched.

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and Language Arts. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. This lesson relates to science. Technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Place a predefined Mass family. and math standards. s Constrain placement of objects. engineering. technology. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. There are mass families available to load into a project. and curtain systems. and then converted into building components such as floors. quickly. Masses can be edited in many ways. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. walls. size. A designer. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. such as distance requirements from roadways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. you can create in-place masses. roofs. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. owner.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or masses.Software Tools .

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. roofs. or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. walls.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and symbol heads. Technology. s Recognize temporary dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. technology. legends. tags. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. This lesson relates to science. engineering. Engineering. s Explain the use of dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotation includes text notes. Math (STEM). Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and Language Arts. and math standards.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.rfa) can be opened and edited.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Permanent dimensions can be linear. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Software Tools . radial. or angular.

z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. and how other levels change display accordingly.y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

and Options Bar.Software Tools . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. and math standards.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. and Language Arts. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with tool buttons. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Technology. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. the Type Selector. Math (STEM). you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. This lesson relates to science. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . Some commands will not be active (that is. Its position is fixed. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. beams. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. windows. for instance. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. doors.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

columns. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. braces.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 . detailing. symbols. and text. slabs. and foundations. structural walls. trusses. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. copy/paste. Context tabs display as you work. and parameters. materials.Software Tools . 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Open. This menu has file management tools such as New.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. and Close. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. families. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. schedules. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser.Software Tools . 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. with four elevation markers visible. and groups. sheets. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. level of detail.Software Tools . View Control Bar View scale. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. Windows panel on the ribbon. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the User Interface button located on the View tab. A check mark indicates it is visible. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. rendering (in 3D views). sun settings. shadow display. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. visual style. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. cropping.

Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Select the desired view scale from the list. but not at Coarse. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.

Shaded. Hidden Line is the default. Hidden Line.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity. or by global location. which can be according to the view. Display and Navigation s 47 . You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

All views are listed in the Project Browser. Annotate. Manage and Modify. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Collaborate. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Massing & Site. Insert. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Structure. To activate or open a view. Display and Navigation s 55 . Nine tabs are available: Home. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. View. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. When a context tab is active. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. showing options that you can select while you are working. Options Bar. Properties Palette.Context Tabs. If you select items in the view window. Display and Navigation s 57 .

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views.Software Tools .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Click a file name to open that file. and Publish. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. such as File Open. File Close only appears on the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. Print. File Save. the application menu. Export. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Display and Navigation s 65 . New File. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. To start a new project. make the Home tab active. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. On the ribbon. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The completed exercise 4.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Do this for other tabs. The panel titles display under the tab titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. 3. Display and Navigation s 67 . Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 2. or click New > Project from the application menu. If you select the menu option. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. click OK in the dialog box that opens. After you have examined each of them.

Click the panel title to display the individual tools. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.Software Tools . They disappear when you move the cursor away.5. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. In this exercise. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Cycle Through All. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Close the file without saving. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 6. 7. and then viewed. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. you opened a project file.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in Getting Started. 2. In the Project Browser. Open quick_start_building_elements. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.rvt. Exercise 2. doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.

On the Properties palette. 6. Click OK. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click Filter panel > Filter. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows.3. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 8. 5. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. doors. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 4. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 7. and windows highlight blue. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. . 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click any interior wall. all the walls. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Clear Walls and Doors.Software Tools . Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. You are selecting everything visible.

Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. On the Properties palette. In this exercise.rvt. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Display and Navigation s 71 . Select any window to verify that it has changed type. 11.9. Click any door. examined the menus and toolbars. you opened a project file. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 12. 10. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Place a door as shown.

Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit provides floor plan. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. templates. floors). 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Math (STEM).Software Tools . s Load and place component families. In the exercises. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. lines. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. s Work with Revit families. and views. building elements (walls. operating settings.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. drafting views. ceiling plan. Technology. mechanical equipment). Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and elevation views by default. and Language Arts. Engineering. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. display controls. s Create a new in-place family. Component families include model objects (furniture. either predefined or user-created. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. annotations. You can create sections. schedules. System families include levels. Pan. and 3D views using the View menu.

engineering. and math standards. technology.This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

is an extensive database. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.Software Tools . VG also opens the dialog box. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Click OK. even a small one. There is no way to see everything in it. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. There is also a copy in the course datasets. First. Click Zoom to Fit. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.rvt. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Rightclick in the view window. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Right-click. The display changes. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. 2. Open Unit2_building_elements. Four elevation markers are visible. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.

4. Select Detail Level: Medium. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. On the View Control Bar. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. There are two parts to an elevation. Enter ZF. In the Project Browser. Click Zoom In Region. click Detail Level. 6. Right-click. Click Open. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 5. Select the roof outline. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Zoom to Fit. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Right-click. 7. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. so be sure to select them both.

The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. 2. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. as before. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit. View Properties 1. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.Software Tools . It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. doors and windows are not shown. Turn off visibility of the elevations.8. change the Underlay value to None. You simplify it into a Roof Plan.

By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Set the cut plane value to 7' . 4. enter Roof. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. For Name. Click Rename. Right-click.0". Click OK. Next to View Range. click Edit. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. the ridge is now visible. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. and where the cut plane sits. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Working with Views and Objects s 77 .3. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.

select Shadows On. 3. under Solar Study. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Shading with Edges.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Still. 2. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Open Elevation view South. In the dialog box that opens. Set the time to 9:30 am. 5. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 4. In the Presets list. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Winter Solstice. Accept the location that activates.

The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Save the file as Unit2_views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . In this exercise. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 6.rvt. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

such as levels. load.rvt. In Revit. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. or stand-alone (for example. and so on. roofs. and floors. and furniture. There are system families. and use a Revit family to place a door. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. furniture). walls. On the Home tab. Build panel. 2. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click Door. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry.Software Tools . Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. commercial. doors and windows are dependent on walls). These components are called families and there are several different types. and place Revit families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. lights. Doors are considered standard family entities. is predefined within Revit. You add closet doors to interior walls. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Doors. or institutional structures. railings. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. s A system family. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. windows. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. furniture. windows. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. 3. Additionally.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. floors. you open an existing project file. and annotations are examples of standard families. and families in place. Open Unit2_views. standard families.

verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). s s 6.rvt. If you highlight a door family. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Click the Doors folder. Family files have a file extension of *. and Annotation. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Click Open. It has a number of different sizes defined.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. 5. You click to place an instance of the door family. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. As you move your cursor near any wall. 4.rfa. Click Open. Locate Double Panel 2. Tag panel. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Project files have a file extension of *. Accept the default size. Furniture. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.

7. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. 9.Software Tools . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. simply click it.rvt. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 8. but not strongly. and placed instances of a door family. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. you located. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Place an instance of the door as shown. loaded. In this exercise. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.

The required width is not available. Select the double door as shown. 3. modify a door family. 4. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide. In the Type Properties dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. click Duplicate. 2. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Click OK. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. and create an in-place family. enter 48" x 80". Open Unit2_doors_walls.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 5. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. For Name.

set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click OK. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. select Generic Models. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings.6. For Name. is to create a component family in place. click Component > Model In-Place. 3. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click OK. 4. Build panel. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. enter Hall Clock. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Properties palette. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 5. 1.Software Tools . In the dialog box. The door updates. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 2. On the Home tab.

Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . The family model updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.0' 2". The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 12. Click OK.4" as shown. 10. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.2". 11. You have created the base of the clock. On the Draw panel. and placed a door family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .rvt. 8. In this exercise. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. as shown. loaded. click Rectangle. Revit will display . 13. 9. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 7. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Working with Views and Objects s 85 .6. you located.

Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

s Change type properties of a family. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b. Right-click. True b. s Access. 6. To activate a view: a. c. Create a 3D perspective view. False 5. Zoom in Region is used to: a. depending on the template selected. Zoom to the entire model. Spin the model in 3D space. c. a. context tabs. The tool shown is used to: a. Views can be renamed. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. s Open different views. and click Open. s Change view properties.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Questions 1. True b. a. Either a or b. b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. load. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. False 2. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Change view displays. Turn on Shadows. b. False 3. True b. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. s Create an in-place model family. False 4. d. and Options Bar. and place a family from a library. d. tab. d. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. b. 7. c. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Each project has several predefined views. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser.Software Tools . s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings.

The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Properties palette 10. Blocks c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. windows. Multiview b. System c. Scroll d. Rotate c. Pan and Zoom b. In-Place d. Families 11. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Standard b. a. A family created within a project is called ________________. Parts d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .) are called: a. depending on settings 9. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Project Browser d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a.8. etc. All of the above. If you have a scroll wheel mouse.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create labels. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create a project template. s Duplicate and modify views. 7. s Create dimension and text styles. s Create dimensions and text. 2. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Set project units. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. Lesson Plan 1. 8. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 6. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 3. 5. 4.

Visit the AIA website at www. and so forth. Many cities and counties have their own rules.aias. Visit the AIAS website at www. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. linetypes. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. colors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. should be used. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.org. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Engineering.org. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. linetypes. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Explain why templates are used. based on the AIA standards. and Language Arts. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Technology. After completing this lesson.Standards and Building Codes . and the settings that are preset within them. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. defining the layers. colors.aia.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.

and one closet. A unit is a particular physical quantity. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. it must have at least one door. a bathroom.Standards and Building Codes . The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. like mechanical drawing. A garage must be completely enclosed. and so on. a common area (such as a living room or family room). uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and so on. one window. the number being its numerical value. If it lacks any of these components. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. it cannot be called a bedroom. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. doors.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. otherwise it is considered a carport. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . windows. For example. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. defined and adopted by convention. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. If there is a fire. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. a garage.

Here h is the physical quantity. is 169 m. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. or imperial. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. unit symbol m. also known as the International System of Units.For example. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. its value is expressed in the unit meter. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. glass. However. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . using imperial units. Another method is to apply dual notation. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and other materials. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. such as room size and wall height. units are applied to dimensions. In architectural drafting. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the construction industry still uses the English. unit symbol ft.. in the United States. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555..

Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. every 1/8" would represent 1'. In Revit Architecture. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.Standards and Building Codes . can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Scales are ratios.) 8. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Each size is designated by a letter. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. line weight and pattern. sheets. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". one value representing another value. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). for example 1/8" = 1'-0". and viewports.

exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.a modified version of the AIA standard. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).01. and then add a title block or other symbols. notes Demolition. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create and position views. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.01. temporary Schedules Sections. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. symbols. elevators. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. The integers go from 0 to 9. site plan.

so that the height is less than the width. the author of the drawing. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. followed by information on the building's owner. and other relevant information. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. fonts. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The next space is for tracking revisions.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. annotation plot sizes. The final sections are for the sheet title and number.Standards and Building Codes . and so on. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and layer standards. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the date drawn. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Usually. drawing scales. the HVAC company. The paper is oriented landscape. The column is divided into sections. the electrician. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. that is. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. For example. Typically. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.

layer settings. required symbols. title blocks. and so forth. dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco.

Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Standards and Building Codes .Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. dimension styles. and walls. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. windows. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. These can be used to build your model. Engineering. Technology. Math (STEM). views.

Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and math standards.

102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In Revit. factory.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. click Browse. In the New Project dialog box. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. you create a new project file using a template. or store. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 3. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. On the application menu. 2. Select a Template 1. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately.Standards and Building Codes . Open Revit to an empty project file. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. click New > Project. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. you use templates as starting points. apartments. Condominiums.

In this exercise. On the application menu. Settings s 103 .rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click Open. 5. click Close to close this project without saving. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. saving set up time. Click OK. you started a new project file using a standard template.4. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Select the Residential-Default. 6.

Pull the cursor to the right. 2. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1.Standards and Building Codes . click Wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. Click to start a new wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The file opens to a 3D view. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. The Wall tool remains active. the drawing setup options are preset.rvt. Press ESC to cancel the wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. In the Project Browser. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Build panel. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. open ADA__Settings. In this exercise. s Place the cursor over the left wall.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. 3. In the courseware datasets folder. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.

4. Click Format for Length. Place the cursor over the left wall. 5. 8. Press ESC to cancel the wall. and move the cursor right. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.) 6. Settings s 105 . click to start a new wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. s Set Unit symbol to m. Close the file without saving. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. In this exercise. Click OK twice to save the setting change. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 7.

dimensions not only display. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. On the Properties palette. create. click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. 2. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . there are two types of dimensions. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Dimension panel. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Open ADA_Dimensions. 3. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. but also control the size and location of objects. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 4. click Aligned. Click OK. temporary and permanent. 1. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.Standards and Building Codes . For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Big Text. or insert components. By default. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar.rvt. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. click Edit Type.

The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. 7. 6. left. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. and bottom horizontal walls. Click to place. Select the top. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Click OK twice. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".5.

Standards and Building Codes . Close the file without saving. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. upper. 9. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Click to place the dimension. In this exercise. created a new dimension style. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .8. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. The Dimension tool stays active. you opened an existing file. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.

3. These are annotations. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. There are no annotations visible. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In order to do this.rvt. 2. In the Project Browser. In the datasets folder. Notice the door and window tags. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. and the view window displays the new plan.

In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Model Categories tab. 5. click Project Information. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 6. On the Manage tab. Settings panel. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 7.Standards and Building Codes . 8. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. In the Project Browser. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Double-click to open it. Click OK to update the display of this view. Click Rename. 9.4. In the Project Browser. 1. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click OK. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. select Floor Plan: Level 1.

Enter the address as shown. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address.) 3. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 3. You can also enter the address of your school. Rightclick. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.Add a Sheet 1. Click OK. click Edit. highlight the title block displayed in the list. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Settings s 111 . Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click OK. 2. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. or supply your own values: Click OK. 2.

change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. 5. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Click Apply.Standards and Building Codes .4. In the Identity Data and Other sections.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a View to the Sheet 1. Notice the change to the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Next. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.

You see the view at the end of your cursor. Click Activate View. Select the new viewport. Right-click. 4.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click in the view. Settings s 113 . Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 2. 3. Select Deactivate View. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet.

s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Placed a view on the sheet. Finish the move. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. 6. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Place the cursor 7. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. The Scale updates in the title block.Standards and Building Codes .5. you: select it. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. deselect it. of the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Added a sheet. Close the file without saving. The view updates on the sheet.

Click Open. Settings s 115 . The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. A copy of the 11 x 8.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Select A-11x8.rft. This is one of the longer exercises. click New > Titleblock. 2.5. On the application menu. Start Revit Architecture. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).5 title block template opens. 4. It opens to the Recent Files window. 3.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Add a label for Sheet Number. s Click Add.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. you created a title block using a template file. s Accept the Sample Value. 11. Add a label for Checked By.Landscape.9. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.rfa. 15. Your teacher may specify another location. 14. 13. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. On the Quick Access toolbar. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Right-click. select Drawn By. Save the title block as A . Accept the Sample Value. click Save to save the title block. 12. click Close. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 10. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Accept the Sample Value. Click Zoom to Fit. Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise.

Locate your title block. On the View tab. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. In the Recent Files window. Highlight the title block and click OK. 4. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. click New to create a new project using the default template. 2. Settings s 125 . This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Insert a Title Block 1. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 3.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. The title block appears in the graphics window. Click Open. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 5. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. and then load a custom title block into your project. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. you create a new project file.

Click Zoom to Fit. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. On the Properties palette. enter your instructor's name. you a created a new project file. 5. 6. In this exercise. Select the title block. On the Manage tab. click Project Information. enter Student Project Unit 3. s For Drawn By. Click OK. 2. 3. s For Checked By. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet.Standards and Building Codes . 4. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. enter your name. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Settings panel. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Click OK. Click OK.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.

settings. In this exercise. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. in addition to predefined wall types. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. 2. angles. you define the title block. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. select Project Template. including how the rendered image looks. On the application menu. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. you create a new project file. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. and geometry from the template. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. There are various settings you can define for your template. Create a Template In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. and the units for your custom template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and then load them like families. In the New Project dialog box. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. 1. such as 3D and plan views. s Families: Load in families you use most often. a dimension style. and slope angle. Click OK. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. click New > Project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 3. On the Insert tab. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length.

5.4. Next. Click the Length field in the Format column. create a Dimension Style. 9. 8. Click OK twice. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". There will be no visible change. 7. enter 3/16" Verdana.Standards and Building Codes . Open the title block A . On the Manage tab.rfa. click Settings panel > Project Units. You create a custom dimension style. click Duplicate. 10. For Name. Click OK. On the Annotate tab. In the Type Properties dialog box. 6. Set the units for the template.Landscape. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.

14. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Select the A . Click Dimension panel > Aligned.11. Rightclick. Settings s 129 . Click OK. On the Properties palette. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. select Sheets (All). 15. In the Project Browser. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click OK. Click New Sheet.

Standards and Building Codes . and units that you defined. Save the file name as A-English template. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.16. title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. You can use this template for future projects. The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . as well as dimension style and units. 17. Click OK. In this exercise.rte. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.

s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials.

UBC c. 1:12 c. s Create dimensions. 1:32 5. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". and symbols used in drawing? a. NCSESA 2. An architect b. True b. Metric d. A.02 d. Using AIA Standards. s Create a text style. s Create labels. S. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.05 c. dimension styles.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. 1:24 d. P. A. a. General Questions 1. A particular physical quantity. s Create a title block. is defined as what? a. s Create a template. 1:3 b. English c. False 3.Standards and Building Codes . s Create text. s Change lineweight.02 b. NCTM d. s Change dimension colors. A unit 4.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . AIA b. s Create a dimension style. a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule.

title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. a. a. To create a new sheet. False 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Application menu > Properties b. Wall faces b. Point offsets 3. False 6. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. dimensions snap to: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Application menu > New > Sheet b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Wall midpoints d. you use: a. a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. you click: a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. True b. Wall centerlines c. True b. In Revit Architecture. To change the scale of a view. To set the units in a project. By default. True b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Trim and extend walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 3. 6. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 5. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Align walls. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 2.

or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or filling in between. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.Walls . 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. After completing this lesson. separate. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. List the different types of occupancy. their construction and materials. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. them. and protect its interior spaces. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Walls s 151 . If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. indicating wall length. Stud. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. It will not print. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Click to set the endpoint. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. After you create the wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Select the Single Line option. 5. Clear the Chain option.Brick on Mtl. but it disappears when you begin another action. 4. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . an angular dimension displays.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. a dashed line displays.3. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Expand the Type Selector list. click it to open an edit field. the dimension updates incrementally. As you continue to move the cursor. Enter 10. To modify a dimension. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall.

Walls . This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. click Create Similar. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Select panel. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. 8. 7. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. click the Detail Level icon. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. On the Modify | Walls tab. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. the controls may sit on top of one another. Depending on your zoom in the view. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. click Modify to stop placing walls. Create panel. Click the wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Press ENTER. enter 7. On the View Control Bar. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click to start the next wall.6. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed.

Select the right vertical wall. Also. Click Modify. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Notice that two dimensions display. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. 10. notice how the wall joins at the corner. release the mouse button to set a new length. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Walls s 153 . Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical.9. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. an alignment line displays.

Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 15. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. This is the same as clicking Modify. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . When using the Chain option. Repeat. 13. 14. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Select the lower vertical wall.Walls . Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Sketch the walls as shown. 12. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Click Cancel. click Wall. Right-click.11. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 16. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. On the Home tab. Build panel.

17. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 19. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. After clicking the second end.rvt. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Clear the Chain option. Click Create Similar again. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift.18. Click Modify. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. In this exercise. Walls s 155 . you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the Three Point Arc tool. 20.

you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. To do this. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. align. 3. Split Walls 1. Only part of the wall highlights. Do the same for the vertical wall. Click Modify. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .rvt from the previous exercise. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. trim. You now remove the upper right corner. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. and extend walls. 2.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. fillet. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. you first split the walls at the intersections. This exercise illustrates how to split.Walls . 4. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Both split walls are shown below.

Modify panel. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Click Fillet Arc. Enter 5'. On the Modify | Walls tab. On the Options Bar. click Delete. Select any wall. click Undo and repeat the steps. If you make a mistake.Fillet Walls 1. click Create Similar. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 3. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. You can also click the flip control. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Walls s 157 . You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). 5. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Create panel. select Radius. On the Modify | Wall tab. 2. 4.

To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. The Wall tool is still active. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 1. select Basic Wall: Interior . Place an interior wall as shown. 3. 2.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. You align the wall in the next steps.Walls . 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.

s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. such as location lines. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. You can lock the alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s On the Options Bar. The length is not critical. Walls s 159 . Pull the cursor straight up.4. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Click to create a wall. clear Chain.

This will be the border. Select the two interior walls in turn. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 2. 3. 6. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the vertical wall as shown. The walls can cross. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 4. The length is not critical.

fillet.7. In this exercise. align. Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim.

and vary in cost.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 3. In the Project Browser. 1. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The Modify tool is active by default. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. On the Properties palette. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 2. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . satisfy different requirements. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. click Edit Type. Select the Exterior wall as shown.Walls .

s Select Finish 1 [4]. Click OK. except Core Boundary. To edit the structure of the wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. For Name. s Click the number of Layer 3. 7. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Add two additional layers to the wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud. click Edit in the Structure value field. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. the wall structure should be as shown. 8. Click Insert twice. 5. Every layer of a wall. When you are finished. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Walls s 163 .4. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click Up. 6. has a Function you can edit. s Click Down twice.

164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Material.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Modify the Function. s Set the Material to Wood . 13. 11.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].Walls . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 12. s Set the Material to Finishes . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. select Finishes . s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Stud Layer. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 10. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". which displays plan or section views.Exterior .9.

On the Properties palette. Walls s 165 . select Medium. expand the Families branch. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Click Apply to update the view. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. select the view name as shown to expose its properties.14. From the Detail level list. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. In the Project Browser. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. 17. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 16. 15.

Walls . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. From the Type Selector list. Right-click 8" Exterior. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Close the file without saving. defined a new wall structure. You opened an existing file. In this exercise. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 19. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 20. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.

You can define a wall type with these elements. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. 2. wood rails. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Stud walls as shown. In this exercise.rvt. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Select one of the Exterior . 3. a structural mid-section.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.Brick on Mtl. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. for example. The model opens in a 3D view. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. and a decorated interior surface.

so all instances of this type change. 6. 8. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. either horizontally or vertically. the new regions assume the same material as the original. To split a layer or region horizontally. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You can split regions into other regions. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You change the type. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. As indicated in the dialog box title. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu.Walls . To define the structure of the wall. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. You can set the sample height to any value. in the Structure value field. Click Split Region. 1. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. If not already expanded. When you split a layer. 2. click Edit. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 5. or you will lose your changes. highlight one of the borders. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 7. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes.4. In this exercise. To split a layer or region vertically. into regions. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Wall structures are Type Properties. You can assign different materials to regions.

assign Layer 1. 3. Click to split the region into two parts. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Click Merge Regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Walls s 169 . When you merge regions. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. In this case. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. The upper split disappears. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. 4. After merge. 2. 1. Click to merge the two layers. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . since both regions are composed of the same layer.3. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Prehighlight a border between regions.Brick layer. Click to merge them. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.

Next. 2.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. indicating that it is modifiable. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. After a region is split. Click Insert. 1. Click again to return to the original position. you assign the material Masonry Brick . You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. You create a new layer and assign it to a region.Walls . Click the temporary dimension text. 1. If you set the split offset down from the top. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. instead of down. 3. 3. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 2. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. to the next parallel line. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. s Select the split line. 4. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. In the Edit dialog box. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Change the value to 12. click Modify. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Press ENTER. The dimension text turns blue. To create a new wall layer. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.

Brick Soldier Course layer. Click Assign Layers. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Change the Material to Masonry . The preview changes appearance. 10. It immediately highlights in blue. It also shows a thickness value. Walls s 171 . 5. 7. 6. because it is now the selected layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 9. Modify. When a layer is selected in the table. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region.4. Close the file without saving. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. it highlights in blue in the preview window. In this exercise. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click OK. All walls of this type have been changed. Split Region.Brick Soldier Course. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. 8. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. and Insert Layer tools. Click OK. Merge Region. as shown.

but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.Walls . They also must resist sideways forces from wind. piping. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and protected. installed. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. earth. ducting. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Custom types and sizes can also be built. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the view.Doors and Windows . Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and the amount of space you have inside your building. but also the natural lighting. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). and to protect property values. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 .

must be provided by the window being used as an egress. An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.7 sq. ft. The height can be no less than 24".Doors and Windows .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. if there is no other escape route.

and how to position. Engineering. and copy these elements. s Center a door in a wall. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). In this unit. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Copy windows. windows. how to load additional door and window families. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. move. you learn how to place doors and windows. and furniture are defined in family files. technology. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Components such as doors. Doors and Windows s 187 . Some families are loaded into each empty file. This lesson relates to science. Technology. and Language Arts.

Build panel. This can be done in a plan view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. When placing doors in a plan view.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. the door swing would be to the left side. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. To reverse the swing. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Add Doors 1.Doors and Windows . or 3D view. click Door. Once a door is placed. 3. On the Home tab. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. elevation view. To flip the door. 2. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.

Load Families 1. and windows into project files. With the Door command active. Click Open. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. walls. click Load Family. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. on the Modify | Place Door tab. 3. From the Type Selector list. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. The display does not change. Doors and Windows s 189 . Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. In order to keep file size small.rfa. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Mode panel. 2. except for the Type Selector. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80".

Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. If necessary. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. 5. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.4. From the Type Selector. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

Place instances of single doors as shown. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. or by using the swing control arrows. change a temporary dimension. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. Remember.6. To Doors and Windows s 191 . you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. If you place a door in the wrong location. Do not add the dimensions.

rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.

Add Windows 1. click Window. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. click Modify and select the window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Windows have exterior and interior sides. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. the outside of the window is to the left side. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. On the Home tab. To face the outside of the window to the other side. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Open Unit5_doors. or 3D view. When placing windows in a plan view. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window after performing another operation. approach the wall from the right side. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. You can place windows in a plan view. From the Type Selector. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Build panel. 2. elevation view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations.

loaded a door family. You do not need to add dimensions. and placed windows. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5. Place seven more windows as shown. Window tags do not number in sequence.Doors and Windows .rvt. placed doors. In this exercise. 4. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.3. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. you opened an existing project. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.

Dimension panel. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. 1. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 3. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. s Align and modify walls. and so on. window. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. you open an existing project file.rvt. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. and modify the wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. On the Annotate tab. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. constrain it to be centered in a wall. click Aligned. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. 2. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 4. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. place a door.

2. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. The door changes location. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The walls are now aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the lock icon to enable it. Align Walls 1. Click the right wall. Notice the symbol. Click the center of the door. Select the upper wall first. This means that if one wall shifts.s s s s Click the left wall. the other wall will remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.Doors and Windows . 6. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click it and it changes as shown. 5.

3. Change the dimension to 16. The walls shift and remain aligned.4. Doors and Windows s 197 . Right-click.) The dimension value is now shown. Clear the EQ Display value. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Dimensions display below it. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.

7. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.6. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you placed a continuous dimension.Doors and Windows . In this exercise.rvt.

Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. especially if there are many different types. 2. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. click Create Similar. 4. Create panel. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 1. On the Modify | Windows tab. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Doors and Windows s 199 . Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.

200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. The window will change appearance. click Copy. 4. Select the window you just placed. The window is copied.Doors and Windows . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.Copy Windows 1. 2. Modify panel. On the Modify | Windows tab. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. 6. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.

and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . cold. heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. flat glass is a recent invention.

Standard b. Custom 3. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 28" b. a. True b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 32" b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Place a window. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Copy a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. False 2. 34" 4. 36" c. 30" c. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window. 40" d. 32" d. General Questions 1. If a room is used for sleeping. you learned to: s Place doors.

To change the location of a door or window. Click Door Properties. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. you use: a. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. d. Click Door Properties. Use door grips to reposition. b. a. True b. True b. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click Modify > Flip Direction. A reference plane b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 6. False 2. Properties 3. Right-click. a. you: a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . a. True b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Offset c. Insert d. d. c. 4. The center snap 7. Door and window tags are placed automatically. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. c. Load c.Doors and Windows . you use ________. Duplicate d. Select the door. Click Flip Direction. Load from Library b. Select the door. Link c. To center a door or window in a wall. Clone b. False 5. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Copy 8. Click the temporary dimension to be changed.

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 4. Review stairs and railings. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 5. 6. s Create railings.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.

206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. List the different stair types. stair and railing types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations.

This lesson relates to technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. Technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Engineering.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined. Then. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing.

Stairs and Railings . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. such as ice and snow.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.

Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2".

s Create U-shaped stairs. As you move the cursor. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. For safety reasons. Math (STEM). You can define straight runs. Engineering.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. The riser and run values update accordingly. and math standards. s Add a railing. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. or vertical circulation. and spiral stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. you will be able to: s Create stairs. ramps. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. You create stairs in a plan view. L-shaped runs with a landing. which includes elevators. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. U-shaped stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. This lesson relates to technology. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. and Language Arts. engineering. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. and stairs. In multistory buildings. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. or tread. s Modify stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run.Stairs and Railings .

3. Stairs and Railings s 217 . From the courseware datasets folder. This file is in metric units.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This enables you to place the stairs properly. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. On the Properties palette. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Before you create the stairs.rvt.

These tools are used to define your stairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Click OK to close the dialog box. click Stairs. On the Home tab. you create a straight run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).4. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. Run is preselected. 5. In this case. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. Circulation panel.Stairs and Railings . The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The cursor changes to a crosshairs.

8. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. As you move the cursor up. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Select this intersection point to start your run. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Stairs and Railings s 219 . and then click to define the run of stairs. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. On the Mode panel. select Finish (green check). If you have not fully created the run. the run footprint stops expanding. You can continue to move the cursor up.6. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 9. Revit displays the number of risers you created. To change the run dimension. 10.

The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. you created and placed a straight run stair. In this exercise.rvt. and switched to a 3D view. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. To avoid overwriting the original file. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 13. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.Stairs and Railings . 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click application menu > Save As > Project. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.11. 12.

The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. click Align. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.rvt. Level 1. Activate view Floor Plans. On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Edit panel. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. 2. The stair is not centered on the landing.

Take time to make the selections correctly. from the Prefer list. Click the center of the wall first. 5. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.4. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.Stairs and Railings . If you have a scroll mouse. select Wall centerlines. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. The Align command remains active. Click the center of the stairs.

In the Project Browser. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. On the Properties palette. s Click Duplicate. 8. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. 7. Change Width to 1350. railings were created with the stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. enter Lobby Stairs. Hover the cursor over the railing. s For Name. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . click Edit Type. s Click OK. Graphics. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. expand Sections (Building Section). Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. As you prehighlight them.6. and Dimensions subsections. 9. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs.

Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Cherry s s Click Modify. Select both railings. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .10. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Lobby Stair View.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .

Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. 14. Delete this line. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Click it to select it. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. In the Type Selector. 13. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. click Edit Sketch. Mode panel. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch.12. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Next. you change the shape of the stairs. The railings change. s Zoom in on the stairs. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. The stair changes to the run sketch.

Click Modify. click Boundary. 19.15. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the arc. click the left end of the top riser. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 16. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 17. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. s On the Modify panel. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To place the second arc endpoint. On the Draw panel. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 18. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.

Next. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the right boundary. On the Draw panel. First. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. the arc center point. 20. Click to exit the Mirror command. This will define a rounded first step. For the third point.21. click Riser. The left boundary will be mirrored.

Stairs and Railings . 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. click Finish.22.rvt. On the Mode panel. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Open the {3D} view to see the results.

Therefore. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. To make sure you are selecting the railing.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. s s Sketch a Railing 1. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you need to define a path for the railing. 2. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you add a railing to a second floor landing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Click Modify. 3. This is typically done in plan view. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing. For simple railings. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Select the right side railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. In this case.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you sketch the plan view path.

Select Finish to exit the railing definition. The dimensions are shown as a guide. click Edit Path. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. You do not need to add dimensions. 6. On the Draw panel.4. s s On the Options Bar. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Line. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 7. Mode panel.Stairs and Railings . Once the railing is selected. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. on the Modify | Railings tab. edit the temporary dimension. select Chain. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. To set the exact distance. Then. 5.

you used sketch tools to create a railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. In this exercise. 9. 8.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete your lines and try again. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.rvt. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Stairs and Railings s 231 .

Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. set the Offset value to 850. Create a Reference Plane 1. In this exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Home tab. the stairs appear as a U-shape.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. s On the Options Bar. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.Stairs and Railings . Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. 2. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. you create a reference plane. Work Plane panel. In a floor plan view.rvt from the previous exercise.

Click OK twice. Dark Gray. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Stairs and Railings s 233 . You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes .Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Matte 2. 4. enter Exit Stairs. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. 6. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. click Stairs. 3. change the Width parameter to 900. Click Edit Type. For Name. Click OK. 5. On the Properties palette. To start sketching the run. Pull the cursor straight up. Circulation panel.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. On the Home tab.

with none remaining to be created. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. 8.Stairs and Railings . enter 1925. Click to place the first run. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.7. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Move the pointer to the right. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 9. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Press ENTER. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Remove the additional lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. you select Continue to return the sketch. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. 2. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You want to inspect your stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Click Finish Stairs again. click Finish Stairs. On the Stairs panel. If you get an error message. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. On the View Control bar. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. 11. To remove the lines. but they are hidden behind walls. it is because you have overlapping lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously.10.

236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 4. On the View Control Bar. The exterior walls reappear. The walls are now hidden. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Select the stairs so they highlight. and to create a U-shaped stair. you learned to create a reference plane. 2. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 3.rvt. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. On the Properties palette. Finally. In this exercise.3. Zoom in to see your stairs. This is a multistory stair. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Reset the Display 1.Stairs and Railings . Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. 6. 5. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. ramps.

s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Include landings as required by your local building code. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. smoke guards.Stairs and Railings . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. They cost less. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. but they can also be highly decorative. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. this openness makes them fire hazards. and deliver riders without wait time.

45 degrees c. 90 degrees d. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 40" 4. General Questions 1. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. you learned to: s Create stairs. 25 degrees b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. s Create railings.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. a. b. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False 2. 36" d. True b. 180 degrees 3. a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . s Modify stair boundaries. and all treads should be the same run. 32" c. 30" b.

True b. True b. Run. Boundary lines. Fasten Railing 5. risers and treads. Insert 2. Rectangle c. Arc d. that is. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. a. risers 3. Modify c. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. riser lines c. To create railings on stairs without railings. False 6. riser d.Stairs and Railings . you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Circle 4. Manage d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Line b. a. risers b. Treads. you use the _______ option. Pick New Host b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. Home b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Align Railing d. Attach Railing c. a. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Railings.

Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 10. (Student) 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Lesson Plan 1. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Review of roof types. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Evaluate Students. (Student) 4. s Place fascia. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 8. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 11. (Student) 9.

run. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . roof types. After completing this lesson. tiles. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. gutters. Calculate the rise. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow.Roofs . and pitch of a sloped roof. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and downspouts. It addresses roof construction. Identify the different roof types. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs.

s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. engineering. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Engineering. technology. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Rake: The inclined. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. and math standards. About Roofs s 243 . Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. the roofing pattern. durability. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. as well as how effective a shelter it is. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and color. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. snow. Sloped roofs. About Roofs s 245 . and if visible. fire-resistant. rot. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. You can use them for many different applications. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. and colors. maintenance. and if visible. texture. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. maintenance. and sunlight. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and low maintenance roofing material. and sun. and color. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. These are used more often on upscale homes. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. are designed for shedding water and snow. They come in several types. the roofing pattern. both low and steep. brands. resistance to wind and fire. texture. durability. resistance to wind and fire.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. resulting in at least one textured face.

s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. and insulating capability (R-value). choose a type that will suit your needs. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. durable. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. This same roof on a clear. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection.Roofs . They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. and so forth). They are fire-resistant. treatment for insects. odor. quality. When choosing the insulation for your job. reinforced plastic.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. special characteristics (for example. fiberglass. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. Unfortunately. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. Therefore. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. galvanized steel. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. consider such factors as cost. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. galvanized steel. zinc alloy. or corrugated structural glass. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. and require little maintenance.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

but the two sides are not symmetrical. The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span. where as. A number indicates the value of the rise. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. run. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.

7 and 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7-12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.When designing a roof. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 to 12.Roofs . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 on 12.

or roof overhangs. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you work with massing shapes and not building components. or eaves. or ice. that convey rainwater to drains. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Once you create a roof. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you can add gutters. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create a hip roof. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. and fascia. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Create a roof fascia. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Place gutters. soffits. s Create various roof types. To create a roof by face. often supporting a gutter.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. water. Roofs s 255 . snow. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. dormers. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Assign roof structure and materials. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2.

Math (STEM). engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Roofs . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. and math standards. Engineering. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create an extruded roof. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. 2. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Click OK to continue. In the Work Plane dialog box. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. To create an extruded roof. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. select the Name option. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Open ADA_Roofs.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 3. 4. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.

select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". select Section: Section 1. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Click Open View. 6. click Line. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. The section view should display as shown.Roofs . Draw panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Before sketching the roof's profile.5. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Ref Plane. In the Go To View dialog box. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 4. On the Work Plane panel. 2. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 3. s Use the image below for guidance. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value.

Using a positive offset value. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Roofs s 259 . 5.6. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click Modify. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using the image below for guidance. s Click the EQ toggle. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Select the new dimension.

Right-click.Roofs . To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. you can label them. click Chain. s On the Options Bar. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 1. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. 6. 3. The name displays when you select the reference plane. click Line. enter Horizontal. 7. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. for Name. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click Modify. Click OK. 4. 2. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5.

8. Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 261 . 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .12" type.

click Join/Unjoin Roof. On the Modify tab. Edit Geometry panel. 3. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. This is a two-step process. Using the images for guidance. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface.Roofs . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. carefully select the far right roof edge. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 1. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2.

Select both walls. On the Modify Wall panel. open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Options Bar. 3. However.4. Select the roof. To select both walls together. Roofs s 263 . 2. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Trim Walls 1. select Attach Wall: Top. In the Project Browser. click Attach: Top/ Base. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. This will join the wall tops to the roof. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn.

s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.Roofs .rvt. 5.4. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.

In this exercise. Unit7_first_roof.rvt. so you look straight down as in a plan. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Build panel.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Because you are in a 3D view. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. a dialog box is displayed. select Garage Roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . On the Home tab. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 4. 3. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The inner loops define openings in the roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. by Footprint. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. Click Yes. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The footprint sketch is created at 2. from existing walls. 1. From the drop-down list.

Roofs . 8. click Pick Walls. 7. clear the Defines slope option. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Next. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s On Options Bar. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 6. click Defines Slope. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. Use the image below for guidance. select the vertical wall on the left.0". Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. If you place a line on the wrong side.

Roofs s 267 . Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Change this value to 6"/12". roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Click the 9"/12" text. Select the left slope defining line. 2. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. It becomes an editable field. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 3. click Finish. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. change the value to 6"/12".Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. click Yes. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. defining lines separately. 1. The new roof displays. By default. Click Modify. Other controls also display. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Select the right side roof line. To complete the roof.

5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.rvt. In this exercise.Roofs .

2. The file opens to a 3D view. set the overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 4. Roofs s 269 . When all of the walls prehighlight. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Clear Defines Slope. To chain-select all of the walls. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Build panel. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.rvt. click to select them. On Home tab. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 3.

As an alternate. Zoom into the chimney area. 3.Roofs . you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. click Rectangle. On the Options Bar. Right-click. 4. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 2. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Using the image for guidance.Create a Roof Opening 1. verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Draw panel.

On the Options Bar. 2.Add Slope Lines 1. horizontal line. click Yes. On the Options Bar. 4. Roofs s 271 . The slope indicator displays. select Defines Slope. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. As in the previous exercise. 6. select the Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. Click Finish. 5. 3. Click Modify. Select the left lower horizontal line. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.

272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. and chimney penetration.rvt.7.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise. 8. attached walls. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.

2. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.0". Build panel. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 5. Select the three walls shown in the image. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Roofs s 273 . Select Defines Slope. The file should open to a 3D view. Zoom into the area shown. you create a hip roof. Create the Roof 1. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 4. 3.rvt. set Overhang to 2' .

sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. To close the roof sketch.0". 2. On the Properties palette. Right-click the ViewCube. Click OK. s s Clear Defines Slope. you use the Line tool. Raise the Roof 1. Switch to a 3D View. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 6. 3. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Click Finish to complete the roof. In addition. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. click Line. s On the Draw panel. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed.Roofs .7. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

you created a hip roof using a footprint. and then joined it to a wall. In this exercise.2.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.

3. click Line. click Pick Walls. Create a Shed Roof 1. The file should open to a 3D view. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 7. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 5. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise.rvt. 4. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 2. 6. Roofs s 277 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.

edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Right-click the line.Roofs . Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Click Modify. 12. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 10. Select the lower. 9. 11.8. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. On the Properties palette. 13. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile.

16. Switch to a 3D view. In this exercise. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Finish the Roof.14. 18. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Click OK. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.rvt. click Yes. Roofs s 279 . 15. 17.

Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.rvt. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 3.Roofs . you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 2. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Cutoff Level list. The roof updates. Select the Roof. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the Properties palette. Activate the view North Elevation. 5. 4. On the menu bar. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open the Default 3D view. select Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.

Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Roofs s 281 . 11. 12. 13. On the Draw panel. In this exercise. On the Home tab. click Pick Lines. On the Options Bar.6. on the Properties palette. To set the slope for the new roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". Select the inner rectangle as shown. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Zoom and spin to see your model. Switch to a 3D View. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.rvt. 7. 9. 8. 10. select Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Finish the Roof.

The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs . thereby reducing energy consumption. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 1. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 2. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. 3. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Select the main roof over the house. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. In the Type Selector.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.

s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. s Click OK. 3. It is a generic roof type. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 5. 2. 4. Select Layer 2 as shown. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1].Define a Roof Structure 1. click Edit. For Structure Value. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. Click Insert to add a layer. Select the roof over the garage. For Name. click Edit Type. Roofs s 283 . enter Clay Tile.

Click OK twice. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 8. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. In this exercise. 6.rvt. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. select Model.s s s In the Materials dialog box.Roofs . The garage roof displays a pattern. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 7.

click Load From Library panel > Load Family. click Roof > Fascia. 3. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. On the Insert tab. 2. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. to support a gutter. Roofs s 285 . you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.rfa. In this exercise. Click Open.rvt. In the Open dialog box. 4. On the Home tab. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. or for decoration. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.

Set the Material value to Metal .5. for Profile. Click OK.Roofs . s Click OK to exit the dialog box. For Name. 6. Matte. In the Type Properties dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. click Edit Type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click Duplicate. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt.8. you defined and applied a roof fascia. 9. Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.

Place Gutters In this exercise. you add gutters to a building. Click OK. s Click Duplicate. click Roof > Gutter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. On the Home tab. 6. 2. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. select Gutter . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.Roofs . select Metal Aluminum. 3. The completed exercise 4. Click OK. 1. The file should open to a 3D view. under Profile parameter. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 5. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Under Material parameter. click Edit Type. For Name.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.Bevel: 5" x 5". enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.

11.rvt. 8. In this exercise. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Segments will clean up at corners. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 9. Roofs s 289 . If you click the interior face. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.7. 10. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. you attached gutters to a roof.

heat. water.Roofs .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place gutters.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Shed 4. False 2. s Define a roof structure. True b. the run is always 12. True b. Medium c. General Questions 1. s Place fascia. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. High d. Gambrel d. Hip c. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. Low b. When referring to roof slope. a. None of the above 3. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Gable b.Roofs .

10. Sketch c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Cut/Lengthen c. sketch. b. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. True b. Slope c. TAB b. Footprint. Create an opening. Turn slopes on or off. a. False 5. a. profile 2. a. c. Face 3. Footprint b. a. d. Footprint b. True b. Change the direction of the slope. a. Roofs can be created using ______.Revit Architecture Questions 1. place a check mark next to: a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. ENTER 4. Change the direction of the roof. lines c. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. DEL d. Walls. extrusion. SHIFT c. Extrusion d. Walls d. Create Slope d. Sketch. True b. Expand/Contract 6. Add Slope b. Defines Slope c. ______ or _______. profile. Material 8. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Footprint. face b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. a. A compound roof contains layers. a. you use: a. Activate Slope 9. False 7. extrusion. pick d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Join/Unjoin Roofs d. To add a slope to a roofline. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Trim/Extend b.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create slope annotations. s Create material annotations. s Create filled regions.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.

Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. cabinetry. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and tool racks. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . In a residential building. In a commercial structure.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. bathrooms. the kitchen. and special equipment. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. floor. After completing this lesson. the location of special equipment. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . interior elevations may be used to show display cases. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Engineering. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. and math standards. Technology. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. This lesson relates to science.

t Cross or transverse sections. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. and foundation plans. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. and are properly cross-referenced. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). across its narrower dimension.Sections and Elevations . Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. on the long axis of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. framing. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.

such as framing connections and foundation details. and steel. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial. unnecessary. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. full.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. For larger elevations. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. such as doors and windows. s The position relationship between different elements. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

" Mfr. however. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. or methods of installation. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. followed by any additional information about spacing. this is reversed.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. bushes. South. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. quantity. The size of the object is listed first. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. East. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . For siding. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. You may. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. For example. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. cars. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. shadows. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Therefore. For a wood structure. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. With interior elevations. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. people. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and then the name of the material. the titles assigned (North. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Unnecessary Information Shades. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and so forth. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials.

shelf arrangements. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. It can also be used around doorways and windows. or linoleum) and the wall. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. flush overlay. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. and types of finish materials used. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. other openings. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. This is usually done using a topset. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. and other appliances. and special equipment such as toilets. doors. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Hinges are concealed. or a baseboard. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. windows. which is a formed pressboard. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and materials used. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. and lip. coving. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. It may have curves. Molding is usually made of plaster. This is more costly than regular overlay. wood. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. The trim is usually glued into place. casements. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. tile. or decorative patterns. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet.Sections and Elevations .View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. chamfers. doors and direction of door swings. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Molding is normally decorative in nature. dishwashers. or MDF.

s Create an interior elevation. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Place a section view on a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . This automatically creates the section view in the model. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. which you can then add to a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Change the section head. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.

306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. like an elevation. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and math standards. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Sections and Elevations . A section is a horizontal view. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Once created. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design.

select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations . When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

s Add breaklines as needed. Details are crucial for effective construction. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. In the example shown. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Once you create the detail section. So. The slope is the ratio rise:run. In a set of construction documents. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. tracing over the existing elements. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add structural details. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. the slope of this roof is 2:12. such as anchor bolts and siding. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Slope is also referred to as pitch. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add detail notes. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view.

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.

Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 3. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The file opens to a 3D view. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The completed exercise 6.rvt. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. click Section. Create panel. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 4. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. On the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the file ADA_Sections. Create a Section View 1. The Section command is available from the View tab. 2.

and it has control grips to resize it.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The actual location is not critical. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. 3.Sections and Elevations . s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. With the section line selected. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 2. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. This is called the crop region. On the Properties palette. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. Section Properties 1. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.

Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 5. Clear Crop Region Visible. In the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit8_section1.rvt. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. you automatically created a section view. When you drew the section line. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Sections and Elevations s 313 .4. The section view updates. 7. In this exercise. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The view is listed in your Project Browser. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 6.

Click OK. and Section Head . On the Manage tab. On the Insert tab. The view does not change. In the Type Properties dialog box. In this exercise. 5. Click Open to load the family. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Section Head . Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.No Arrow. For Name.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. They include Section Head . Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 4. click Load Family. Select Section Head-Open. click Duplicate. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Load from Library panel. Several section head families are available.rvt. 2. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.Sections and Elevations . enter Open Arrow. 7.1 point Filled.Filled. Settings panel.rfa. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. 3.

Click Duplicate. select Open Arrow. 13. For Section Head. In the Section Tag field. The section head updates to the new head type. click Edit Type. select Section Head . Sections and Elevations s 315 . 9. Click OK.8.rvt. Click OK. Save as Unit8_section_open. Select the section line. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. enter Open Arrow. 10.Open. On the Properties palette. For Name. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. 11. 12. 14. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.

set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Use the image below for guidance. On the View tab.rvt. 3. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. To reposition the callout head. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 4. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 5. On the Options Bar. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.Sections and Elevations . The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Create panel. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 2. select the border of the callout. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 6. This is a building section. click Callout.

8. 1. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. 3. region patterns. detail components. Detail panel. On the Properties palette. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Options Bar. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it.rvt. On the Annotate tab. On the Draw panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. select Chain. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. 2. click Region > Filled Region. Line is selected automatically. but not strongly. 4.7. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Sections and Elevations s 317 . and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. as shown. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. You can add detail lines.

Select the upper and right side lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. enter Earth. Click OK. Click Modify. 7.5. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. For Name. 6. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

If you zoom in closer. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . which are visible only in the view where they are placed. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Finish (green check). Click Open. On the Mode panel. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. click Load Family. From the Fill Pattern list. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 3.Section. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the pattern becomes visible. 9. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. 1. click Component > Detail Component.8. Detail panel.rfa. 2. On the Annotate tab.

select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations . 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. In the Specify Types dialog box. From the Type Selector. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 5. Click OK. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.4.

Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. 7. From the Type Selector. add a second copy of the 2 x 10.6. select Plywood. Move it after placement if necessary. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Using the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector list. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8.

You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 10. select anchor bolt. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the component similarly to the image below. Click Component > Detail Component. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. On the Properties palette. 11. 12. Select the vertical plywood. set the Thickness to 3/4". Use the image below for guidance. This component represents the subflooring. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.9. Click Modify. The exact vertical placement is not critical. From the Type Selector.

Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Copy. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Click Modify. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.13. Add another Detail Component. On the Options Bar. select Multiple. 14. select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. Use the image below for guidance.

Add Detail Lines 1. click Detail Line. 2. Save the file. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. From the Line Style Selector.15. Start at the end of the siding.Sections and Elevations . Detail panel. select Wide Lines. On the Annotate tab. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 16. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.

3. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 5. 4. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Zoom out. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.

10. Save the file. On the Annotate tab. Next.Sections and Elevations . Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Detail panel. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. The wall display updates. 2. 7. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 9. Click Modify. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. select the Material field in row 3. identified as Wall material 1. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the wall so it highlights. Click Edit in the Structure field.6. Add Insulation 1. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Right-click. click Insulation. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 8. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes.

The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component.2. select Break Line. 1. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. On the Annotate tab. From the Type Selector. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. Your view should resemble the image shown. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Detail panel.

Place the breakline as shown. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). you created a detail section view and added filled regions. The view should resemble the image shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Save the file. The Detail Component tool is still active. detail lines. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 5. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. In this exercise. To complete the detail. and detail components to it.4.Sections and Elevations . 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. You place another breakline. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view.

you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. To add notes.rvt. With nothing selected in the view. quantity. The size of the object is listed first. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The border around the view will disappear. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 1. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 2. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. weatherproofing. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. s Clear Annotation Crop.

330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 10. From the Type list. Finally. Move the pointer up 11. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . As you pull your cursor to the right.4" WEATHERING. Text panel. click Two Segments. 8. 9. R13.Sections and Elevations . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. click Text. leader arrow as shown. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.4. 5. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. On the Annotate tab. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 12. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 7. On the Format panel. 6. insulation. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall.

Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.13. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together.C. 15. 16. 18.TYPE X. is an acronym for On Center.C. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 5/8" GWB . 14. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.C. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. . O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the floorboard. 20. 17. or wood treated with preservative against rot. 19. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C. Start the next text at the interior wall. Sections and Elevations s 331 .

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Click ENTER to start a second line.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. In this exercise. 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 21. 23. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Note: CONC signifies concrete.

Click New Sheet. The new sheet becomes the current view. and locate the detail view on it. In this exercise. Highlight your title block. 6. Sections and Elevations s 333 . The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 5. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. or elevation view.rvt. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. section. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 2. 3. you will want to add the views to a sheet. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. highlight Sheets. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. In the Project Browser. Right-click. click Load. Click Open. 4. Locate the A-Landscape.

Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Select a Level Line. close to the crop border. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Both Level ends will move together. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right. On the View Control Bar. click Hide Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Show Crop Region.7. 8. In the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . Click the control at its left end. 9.

10. you: s Created a new sheet. enter S. 12. s Modified the label values in the title block. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. For Number. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.rvt. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.301. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Right-click. 11. 13. For Name. Click Zoom to Fit. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Click OK. highlight the new sheet. Click Rename.

four elevation views are included: north. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Click OK. Select Elevations. 4. and west. s Add any necessary dimensions. 2. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. south. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add material notes. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Add slope indication for roof. 3. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). It is defined by the green dotted line. The elevation markers are now visible. Right-click. Click the Annotations tab. 2. 6. s Set the display for building components as needed. Turn On Elevation Markers 1.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 5. When you create a project with a template. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.Sections and Elevations . east. Open ADA_Elevations.

adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Next. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the View Control Bar. clear Sections. clear Planting. 3. On the Annotations tab. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Modelling tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.2. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 5. 4. Switch to an Elevation View 1.

Select Sand.7.rvt.Exterior Stucco. 9. you activated an elevation view. In Surface Pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 13. select Edit in the Structure field. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. Select the wall. 11. modified its display. In this exercise. 10. click to open the list. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.Sections and Elevations . Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 8. On the Properties palette. 12. Click Zoom to Fit. and modified the wall display characteristics. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. click Edit Type. Click the button that displays to select a material. Select the Material field for Layer 1. It will be identified as Condo . In the Type Properties dialog box.

Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the foundation. 2. or methods of installation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Enter TX. 3. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Add a note for the stone wall. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Sections and Elevations s 339 . The size of the object is listed first. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. 5.rvt. 4. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. quantity. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise.

7.Sections and Elevations . 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 8. Add a note for the roof.rvt. In this exercise. Add a note for the brick wall.6.

select Triangle. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Click to select the roof line. Sections and Elevations s 341 . click Spot Slope. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 2. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. For Offset from Reference. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. enter 1/8". Dimension panel. from the Slope Representation list. Click again to locate the slope indicator.rvt. 6. 5. 1. 4. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Options Bar.

342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click Modify. 10. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.Sections and Elevations . Click to select the roof line. 11. click Aligned. Dimension panel. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 9.7.

13. slope indicators. The west elevation now contains material notes. and dimensions for clarity. 14. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.12. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and vertical dimensions.rvt. select wall breaks and levels. Sections and Elevations s 343 . In this exercise. Arrange notes. leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.

you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Click Open View.Sections and Elevations . In the Project Browser. dimensions. In this exercise. and cabinetry. equipment rooms. Right-click. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. 2. kitchens. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Highlight the view. Click Find Referring Views. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. This view was already defined in the drawing. special closets. 3. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.

5. Sections and Elevations s 345 . 6. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click Element Properties > Type Properties. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. s s s s Click Duplicate. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Right-click. 7. In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. click Aligned. Clear Use Project Settings. click OK. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click the value field for Units Format 8.4. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation.

Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. You modified a dimension style.Sections and Elevations . detail the interior section. 10. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.rvt. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Using the Text and Dimension tools. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.9. In this exercise. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

Not in Contract c. Cabinetry d. c. s Create material annotations. b. Walls c. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. such as north. b. it depends. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. a. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. All of the above. False 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Either one. Not in Concrete b. s Create slope annotations. All of the above 5. Nobody in Charge d. 4. d. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Bathrooms and kitchens b. General Questions 1. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create filled regions. s Create a section view. c. Show the relationships between elements. True b. The orientation of the exterior elevation. The direction the structure is facing. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. is always the true orientation. 2.

Sun and Shadow b. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. you use: a. Element properties c. b. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. d. False 5. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The dotted line indicates: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. North 3. a. 4. On the View tab. The boundaries of the view. The Visual Style of the view. True b. South d. Right-click. b. The height of the view. click Sheet Composition > View. East b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Which elevation is it? a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. b and c. The detail level of the view.Sections and Elevations . but not a 6. c. West c. Click Add View. a. d. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. True b. False 2.

s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. s Load a schedule tag. Review Schedules. 2. 5. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 6. 3. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.

you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.Schedules . After completing this lesson. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. width. and thickness. Technology.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Some of these building objects include. technology. engineering. height. About Schedules s 351 .

the same primary information is included. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. There are different types of schedule tables. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Instance. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. However.Schedules . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

However. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. window. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. The following image shows door. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. and A for appliances.Schedules . A circle. Other letters are P for plumbing. hexagon. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Like schedules. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. E for electrical. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Using the software.

and Language Arts.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. materials. equipment. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Project templates include preset schedules. Engineering. Schedules list items such as doors. engineering. Math (STEM). and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. rooms. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. windows. s Export a schedule. hardware. s Create a room schedule. This lesson relates to science. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedules s 355 . Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and you can create your own schedules. s Add room tags. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components.

s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. 2. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.rvt.Schedules . and you set the schedule to display totals. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.

6. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 3. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Add Count. and Width. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Schedules s 357 . 7. On the View tab. In Available Fields. 4.s Window Tag 5. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Click Add. Type Mark. Height. Select Windows from the list. Level. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. select Comments.

Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules . Select the fields. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .8. from left to right. 9. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Click OK to finish the schedule.

Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Schedules s 359 . Select Blank Line. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 3. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark. 1. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.

Notice how the schedule has changed. select Level. 2. click the schedule name. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. On the Properties palette. Rather than make a manual calculation.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. in this case). In order to calculate the total number of windows. you can have the schedule report this. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . clear Itemize Every Instance. In the Project Browser. click Edit.Schedules . 1. 3. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 4. for Sorting/ Grouping. in the Then By sorting field.

From the list. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. 6. click Edit 7. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Count. In this exercise. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. and Totals. select Footer. for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. The totals for each window type now display. Schedules s 361 .5. select Title. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.rvt. On the Properties palette.

occupancy. click Overwrite the Existing Version. floor type. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 3. based on the amount of space in each room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.rvt. 4. click Room > Room. Click Open. In this exercise. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Room size. On the Home tab. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Room & Area panel.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Locate the file named Room Tag. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 5.Schedules . ceiling type. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 2. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.

Schedules s 363 . and in the hall as shown. 8. 6. The tag displays at the end of your cursor.In the Type Selector. On the Home tab. click Room > Room Separation Line. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Room & Area panel. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. a total of 7.

The room tag updates. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates.9. On the Room & Area panel. 13. s Change the word Room to Manager. s Click the Room text. 12. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Select Room #2. The area value for Room 7 updates.Schedules . click Room. Click Modify. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 11. 10.

In this exercise. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. enter Sales. for Name. 15. Schedules s 365 . s Tagged various objects. s Changed room tag field values.14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. On the Properties palette.rvt. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Added a room separation.

select Number.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. On the View tab. The completed exercise 5. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 6. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. Click OK. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click Add--> after each selection.Schedules . and Area to be included in your schedule. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. enter Square Footage Report. Create panel. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 4. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 3. 2. Set the Sort By value to Number. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. In the Available Fields pane. For Name. Create a Room Schedule 1. Name. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.

s Set Units to Square Feet. Click OK. In the Format dialog box. Change the Heading to No. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right.7. 8. 10. Select Title and Totals from the list. Highlight the Area field. Schedules s 367 . clear Use Project Settings. 9. s Select Calculate Totals. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Grand Totals. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Number field.

In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.11.Schedules .rvt. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. you: s Created a room schedule. 12. s Totaled one of the columns. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Double-click it to open it. You can then use this file in other applications. 5. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Click Save. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. On the application menu. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Using your Windows Explorer. 6. 2. you export the room schedule to a text file. The file is created. 3.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. locate the file you created. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Note the formatting that has been applied. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications.rvt. 4. Click OK. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters.txt) file. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Schedules s 369 . Browse to a directory to save your report. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.

370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.Schedules .7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. 8.

a. Type b. True b. s Place a schedule tag. True b. s Load a schedule tag. A list of sheets used in a project. Matrix d. s Reformat a schedule. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Quantity c. False 4. Instance 3. None of the above. 2. What is a schedule table? a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. c. b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. a. Questions 1. s Export a schedule. d. you learned to: s Create a schedule.

use the ____ . XLS c. a. Application menu d. Modify 2. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Annotate tab b. a. Home d. View tab c. To export a schedule. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Annotate b. CSV d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.Revit Architecture Questions 1. View c. Manage tab 3. TXT b.

Lesson Plan 1. 3. 5. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.

and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows.Visualization . and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Add planting components. After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. you create a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Export an FBX file. or camera on a path. s Play a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Export a DWG file. s Assign materials. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Place a camera. Finally. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a walkthrough.

which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Unit2_custom_family. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. To prepare your model for rendering. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. courseware datasets. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You worked on animations. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s s 2.

4. Right-click. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select one of the exterior walls.Visualization . If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select any exterior wall.3. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 6. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Stud. The wall display updates. 5. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. The walls now display layers of materials. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.

select the icon at the right of the Materials field. On the Properties palette. Click OK.7. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select Site: Grass. 10. Select walls. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Visualization s 377 . Repeat the process for the windows. Right-click. Click Change wall's orientation. Open the Default 3D view. In addition to using the control arrows. 8. Select the toposurface object. you can: s s s 9.

Depending on your system resources. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. you have completed this exercise. for Files of type. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Import > Import. click Export > FBX. Click OK in any notices and warnings. 2.Visualization . Note the file location. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. Select the Roof. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. 12. and click Open. This will filter the file list. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Export the Model to FBX 1. On the application menu. select Autodesk (*. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design.rvt. On the application menu. 3.FBX). Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. In the Select File to Import dialog box.11. Save the file as Unit10_Export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.

If necessary. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Visualization s 379 . 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Open or return to Revit.4. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 3. you have completed this exercise. Note the file location. Export the Model to DWG 1. Close the file without saving. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Next. There is no way to update it from Revit. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Depending on your system resources. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file.rvt.

8. If necessary. Click Open.Visualization .4. On the application menu. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. In the File Link Manager . Select two windows as shown.rvt. Open 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. 9. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 5.max. 6. click References > File Link Manager. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. click File. 7. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Select the file name. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.

The windows have updated. 12. In the dialog box. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 11. Open the 3D view.10. Save the file. Save the export file using the same name as before. Visualization s 381 . 13. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. On the application menu.

s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open the File Link Manager. The linked file updates.14. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Changed a material definition. s Click Reload. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the Files tab. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Close the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.Visualization . 15. In this exercise. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design.

change materials. If you place the camera too close to the model.rvt. On the View tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Open the Site view.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Visualization s 383 . Open Unit10_Export. In this exercise. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. you place a camera in a model. click Camera. 2. Place a Camera 1. as shown. and create a second rendering. 3. add plantings to the model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. generate a rendering. Create panel.

If necessary. Return to the perspective view. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. The camera perspective view opens. 6. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. On the View Control Bar. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Render Setup 1. Open the Site view again. 2. click Show Rendering Dialog. s s s s Open a floor plan view. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Right-click. select Very Few Clouds. Click Show Camera. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 5.4.Visualization . The camera will be visible. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 7.

Enhance the Model 1. Visualization s 385 . s Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open the Site view. Model Site panel. Click Render. 2. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 3.3. click Site Component. Accept the default settings for Quality. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . On the Massing & Site tab. s Click Render to create a new rendered image.30' approximately as shown. Open view 3D View 1. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Output Settings. and Lighting.

Select the roof.4. Revit places the image in its own view. click Edit Type. In the Save to Project dialog box. In the Materials list. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Select an exterior wall. 5. Click Edit in the Structure field. 2. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Show the Model. Change Materials 1. click Save to Project. 3. 6. click OK. 5. 4. In the Rendering dialog box.Wood Shake.Visualization . In the Layer 1 Material field. and you can now select elements for editing. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. The model displays in the view. select Roofing . In the Rendering dialog box.

7. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace. Visualization s 387 . 9. Click the Render Appearance tab. Select the icon next to Masonry .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.10.

you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. click Render. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_render. 15. s Created a raytrace setup. The new image is placed in its own view. In the Rendering dialog box. 16. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.Visualization .11.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Generated and captured a render image. s Placed site planting components in the model. 12. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK. Select Masonry . In this exercise. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 13. s Generated and captured a second render image. 14. click Save to Project. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt.

4. along the path can be viewed in different modes. click to the left of the model as shown. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. in a project model. s Edit the camera and path. Each view. The camera and path can be edited. rendered. or frame. and exported individually. s Right-click. s On the View tab. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. To place a key frame. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. 2. or walkthroughs. The cursor changes to a crosshair. In this exercise. Visualization s 389 . Create panel. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Click Zoom to Fit. Open floor plan view Level 1. s Right-click again. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Open Unit10_render. 3. Click Zoom Out (2x). click 3d View > Walkthrough. s View the animation in a media player.rvt.

Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Repeat for all the key frames. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. click Finish Walkthrough.5. 9. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 8. 7. The Options Bar changes. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Edit Walkthrough. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 10. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Walkthrough panel. Select the direction control for the camera.Visualization . 6. 11. Drag it to the left. The camera is located on the final key frame. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.

select Path. 13. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Edit Walkthrough. From the Controls list. If camera positions distort. 2. Drag the path away from the model as shown. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Check the view in several key frames. Click Open. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 3. Visualization s 391 . Edit the Walkthrough 1. click Next Key Frame.12.

click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Length/Format dialog box. Click OK. 4. The walkthrough plays in the view window.Play the Walkthrough 1. File Name. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Video Compression dialog box.Visualization . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. On the application menu. click OK. Click Save. Revit generates the external AVI file. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click Play. Export the Walkthrough 1. 3. notice where you save the file.rvt. 2. 2. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.

It plays in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Visualization s 393 . such as shaded or rendering. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. 6.5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.

s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. save the Revit Architecture file.Visualization . In this exercise. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model.7.

View > Shading d. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Orient walls and windows. Questions 1. Split b. you use: a. Save As > FBX c. s Export an FBX file. s Place a camera. s Play a walkthrough. s Add planting components. you use: a. True b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. False Summary/Questions s 395 . To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Create a raytrace rendering.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. Align c. Print to File b. s Apply shading to a view. s Assign materials. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. a. False 2. Demolish 2. Flip Orientation d. Export > FBX 3. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. a. s Export a DWG file. True b. s Export a walkthrough.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

5. foundations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. Lesson Plan 1. beams. 6. beam systems. Review structural columns. 3. beams and braces. 2. you learn how to place structural columns. In the following exercises. 4. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. and braces.

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. For example. and other structural elements will be located in a building. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. especially columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . walls.Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. Knowing where structural members. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.

Place columns and beams on grids. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Place beam systems and braces. After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Technology. and Language Arts. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Structural s 401 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Create column grids.

often mainly glass. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Select a floor. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.Structural . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction.Hide Category. or reinforced concrete. On the View Control Bar. They come in types defined by size and shape. 3. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. Open Deck Framing.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. In residential construction. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. or concrete. wood. click Column > Structural Column. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. 2. 1. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. Structural columns can be steel. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. wood. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. As with columns. beams can be steel. Beams connect columns or walls. this is known as post and beam construction. On the Build panel of the Home tab. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. In this exercise. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. spans without walls.

This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". On the Options Bar. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Structural s 403 . 5. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. click Depth. 8. 3A. 6. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. and 4B. Click the edge of the left floor to select it.4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 7. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. On the View Control Bar.

9. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 2. rail. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. and columns clearly. double-click view Framing Cutaway. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Project Browser. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click OK. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.Structural . Click Hide In View > Element. 10. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 11. Place Beams 1. Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the two floors.

5. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 4.3. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. Structure panel. click Beam. select Chain. On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab. s In the view window. To place beams: Structural s 405 . Click. In the Type Selector.

On the Properties palette.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.Structural . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7.

click Beam. Save the file as Deck Beams. 9. 12.8. Structure panel. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Click on grid intersection B4. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click. 11. Click OK. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. In this exercise. click Make Wall Bearing.rvt. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. as shown. Structural s 407 .

Structure panel. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. you: s Place beam systems. click Beam System. click Sketch Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1. 3. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. or number of beams in a bay. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. 4. Open Deck Beams. click Pick Supports. distance. On the Structure tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. s Place braces. The completed exercise 5. 2. click No. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.Structural . You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Place Beam Systems 1. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. In this exercise. This is the direction indicator for the beam system.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. 7. as shown.6. click Line. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel.

s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. 10. Click the beam on Grid 2. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar. click Finish (green check). set Elevation to -0'-9".6". s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s s On the Draw panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. On the Properties palette. s 9. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Trim as necessary. s s s On the Draw panel. click Pick Supports.2". set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . On the Properties palette. 11.Structural . On the Mode panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Line.8. Click Finish.

Create panel. On the View Control Bar. Structural s 411 . Structure panel. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Adjust the view crop region as shown. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. 5. 4. In the Project Browser. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 2. Open Plan View Deck Framing. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. click Brace. On the View tab. On the Structure tab. 3.Place Braces 1. Click to place the elevation. It has an automatic work plane. unlike regular elevations. as shown.

7. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 9.6. 8. Repeat the brace going right to left.Structural . to start the brace. Click Modify. In the view window. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the Type Selector. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

you: s Placed beam systems.rvt.10. In this exercise. Structural s 413 . 11. s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Save the file as Deck structure.

s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. In plan views. click in the lower left to start a grid line. In this exercise. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. You can change a grid number at any time. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. and walls. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. click Grid. 2. The exact location is not critical. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. The numbering automatically increments. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. and section views. This is a common step early in designing a large building.Structural . beams. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s s In the view window. but they can also be angular and radial. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Datum panel. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grid datasets. as shown. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. The exact length is not critical. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. elevation.

4. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to start another grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line. The Grid tool is still active.3.

Enter A at the keyboard. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Pull the cursor to the left. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Pull the cursor to the right. The new grid line is number 5.Structural . To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .5. The new grid line will be number 3. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Repeat to create grid line 4. close to the heads. Press ENTER. Click to start a grid line. click Copy. click to place the grid line. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s Select Grid Line 2. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. 6. Press ENTER. 7. Grid 3 is already the selection set.

The Grid tool is still active. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 9. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Select grid 2. s Click to place the grid line. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.1 is still selected. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Structural s 417 . 10. On the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.1.8. Grid 2. 11. Change the number to 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. This completes the main grid. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This grid line will be number B. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Click Copy.

click Pick. Click in the new grid bubble. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. s Click to start the grid line. On the Draw panel.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .000 o . set Offset to 15'-0". Press ENTER. enter 15. Change the number to EE. s s Click grid intersection D3. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Options Bar. select Center-Ends Arc. Create panel. 3. Click to place the grid head. The Grid tool is still active. In the Radius field. On the Draw panel. click Radius. On the Home tab. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. 4. click Grid. Zoom to Fit.Structural . On the Options Bar.

Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. 6. You will need to identify it easily. Drag it down below the radial grids. 7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together.5. Click to place grid FF. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Structural s 419 .

Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Press ENTER. Enter 31 to change the name. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. 9.Pick Axis.8. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s In this exercise. s 10. s Select grid 31.Structural .000. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.rvt. Click to place the grid line. 11. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Click in the new grid bubble. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Revit will create grid 32. Zoom to Fit. s Select grid 3. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Click grid intersection D3. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. click Create Similar. click Mirror .

Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. This is a steel column. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. In the Type Selector. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. s Use a column grid to place beams. Now you place columns at grid intersections. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. 2. click Column > Structural Column. Structural s 421 . you: s Use a column grid to place columns. Structure panel. As a result. you typically create a grid. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s 3. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. In this exercise.

B. 6. In the Multiple panel. 2. 5. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. set Height to Level 3. click At Grids. 4.Structural . Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.s s On the Options Bar. A. 3. C and D. On the Multiple panel. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. click Finish.

On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. columns. click Beam. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Zoom to Fit. 5. and beams will move to the right. Structural s 423 . Click Grid 1.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 4. On the Multiple panel. Window-select all the grid lines. 2. 3. On the Multiple panel. click On Grids. Open Floor Plan Level 2. The grid. click Finish.

On the Multiple panel. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Click Redo. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3. click Isolated.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click No. 4. 1. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click Undo. In the view window. click Finish. click At Columns. 6. window-select all the columns. On the Quick Access toolbar. Open the Default 3D view. Columns and beams will move to the right. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. On the Multiple panel.Structural . Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.

5. in the Type Selector. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. s On the Properties palette. 7. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. To change the size of the footing. The footing changes size. Press ESC to clear the column selection. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Structural s 425 . A warning displays. 6. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click OK. Select the footing at the base of the extended column.

Structural . Save and close the file. In this exercise.8. s Used a column grid to place beams. s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. spans. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .

Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.

you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place beam systems. s Place braces. All of the above.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Add footings to columns. s Use a column grid to place columns. Beam d. Column b. 2. s Change a grid layout. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Questions 1. Brace c. True b.

c. When placing columns or beams. False 4. 2. True b. A but not B. b. d. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. True b. If you relocate a grid line. a. d. Use grid lines and grid intersections. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. 3. To create a beam system. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . a. All of the above.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you: a. Select the type of beam or column to place. Stretch b. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. To change the height of a column. 5. Pick points. you use: a. you can: a. b. A and B.Structural . Properties c. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select a beam type and define the system layout. Flip Orientation d. c.

Inc. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Poway. South Division High School. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. PE .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Milwaukee. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Executive Director. Randy Dymond. Susan Harrington . Starkweather .Instructor. Smith .iteaconnect. WI Roger Dohm . Copyright s 431 .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.org Project Lead the Way. Ltd. CA Ronald A Williams. International Technology Education Association www. Mathematics.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Teacher. Poway High School.Director.

Inc. product names. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. this publication. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. AutoCAD.© 2010 Autodesk. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Inc. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael.” AUTODESK. for any purpose. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Published by: Autodesk. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. “AS IS. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Autodesk Revit MEP. CA 94903. All other brand names. AutoCAD MEP. by any method. Inc.. Trademarks Autodesk. INC. All rights reserved. Autodesk Revit Architecture. may not be reproduced in any form. AutoCAD Architecture. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. AutoCAD Civil 3D. All rights reserved. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. or parts thereof. 2010 Autodesk. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document.. Inc. Autodesk Inventor. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. INC.

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