Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles.

10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. elevation. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. floors. stairs. furniture.Software Tools . You can add building elements in plan. section. Other building elements such as doors. roofs. and 3D views. windows.

the other will move as well. In the illustration shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . If one is moved. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the two illustrations shown.

all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence.Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved.

Engineering. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. technology. engineering. s Constrain placement of objects. and math standards. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Place a predefined Mass family. This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Software Tools . Masses can be edited in many ways. or masses. owner. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. size. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. roofs. such as distance requirements from roadways. quickly. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. A designer. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. There are mass families available to load into a project. walls. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. and curtain systems. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and then converted into building components such as floors. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. you can create in-place masses. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. walls. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotation includes text notes. tags. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. legends. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and symbol heads. Engineering.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Explain the use of dimensions. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. engineering. s Recognize temporary dimensions.

rfa) can be opened and edited. Each symbol family file (*.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be linear. or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial.

y.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Work with tool buttons. Engineering.Software Tools . engineering. the Type Selector. and Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Language Arts. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Technology.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.

windows. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. doors. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Some commands will not be active (that is.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. for instance. Display and Navigation s 31 . Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. beams. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. and rooms. Its position is fixed.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. and foundations. symbols. columns. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. structural walls. trusses. and text. detailing. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

Context tabs display as you work. materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.Software Tools . and inquiry. copy/paste. and parameters.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save.Software Tools . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Close. Print. This menu has file management tools such as New. Open.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

sheets. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules.Software Tools . The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends. families. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. with four elevation markers visible. and groups. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

and a selection filter counter at the far right end. Windows panel on the ribbon. visual style. cropping. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. sun settings. level of detail. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. rendering (in 3D views). Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.Software Tools . A check mark indicates it is visible. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. shadow display. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view. Display and Navigation s 43 . Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.

Software Tools . Shaded with Edges.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. or by global location. which can be according to the view. date and time. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 .

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 49 . and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows.The Render control is active in 3D views.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools .

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings.

You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Insert. Massing & Site. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Structure. View. To activate or open a view. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Collaborate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 . The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Annotate. Manage and Modify. Nine tabs are available: Home.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

a context tab opens on the ribbon. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. the Options Bar may display below it. Options Bar.Context Tabs. If you select items in the view window. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Display and Navigation s 57 . When a context tab is active. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. showing options that you can select while you are working. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Properties Palette.

58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 .

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

such as File Open. the application menu. and Publish. File Save. Print. The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. File Close only appears on the application menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Export. Click a file name to open that file. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Display and Navigation s 65 .Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. New File.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. To start a new project. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. 2. 3. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. If you select the menu option. The completed exercise 4. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panel titles display under the tab titles. make the Home tab active. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Do this for other tabs. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. or click New > Project from the application menu.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Display and Navigation s 67 .

5. In this exercise. you opened a project file. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then viewed. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. 6. 7. Close the file without saving.Software Tools . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Select Cycle Through All.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. 2.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Display and Navigation s 69 .rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. doubleclick the view name. You worked on this file in Getting Started. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open quick_start_building_elements. Exercise 2. In the Project Browser. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.

Clear Walls and Doors. You are selecting everything visible. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click the door in the upper left of the model. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. . and windows highlight blue. 5. The Modify | Walls context tab opens.3. 4. 8. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. On the Properties palette.Software Tools . doors. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 6. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click OK. Click Filter panel > Filter. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. all the walls. Click any interior wall. 7.

rvt. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Display and Navigation s 71 . 10. 12. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Place a door as shown. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. you opened a project file. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. On the Properties palette. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click any door.9. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. In this exercise. examined the menus and toolbars. click Create panel > Create Similar. 11.

Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. lines. schedules. ceiling plan. drafting views. System families include levels. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and elevation views by default.Software Tools . Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Engineering. and views. either predefined or user-created. and Language Arts. Pan. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. You can create sections. templates. In the exercises. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and 3D views using the View menu. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. building elements (walls. operating settings. display controls. Component families include model objects (furniture. Technology. Revit provides floor plan. annotations. s Create a new in-place family. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Load and place component families. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. floors). mechanical equipment). Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Work with Revit families.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. technology. engineering.This lesson relates to science.

Click OK. First. Right-click. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. Four elevation markers are visible. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is an extensive database. The display changes. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click the Annotation Categories tab. even a small one. VG also opens the dialog box. There is no way to see everything in it. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. There is also a copy in the course datasets.Exercise: View Controls A building model. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.rvt. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. 3. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.Software Tools . Open Unit2_building_elements.

Working with Views and Objects s 75 . On the View Control Bar. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Zoom to Fit. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. 5. 6. Right-click. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. click Detail Level. In the Project Browser. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Click Open. 7. Select the roof outline. There are two parts to an elevation. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Right-click. so be sure to select them both. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Enter ZF. Click Zoom In Region. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view.4. Select Detail Level: Medium.

Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.Software Tools . 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.8. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Enter VH. change the Underlay value to None. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Click Zoom to Fit. doors and windows are not shown. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. View Properties 1. On the Properties palette. as before. 2. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. 4. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views.0". the ridge is now visible. Right-click. click Edit. and where the cut plane sits. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. For Name. enter Roof. Click OK. Next to View Range.3. Click Rename. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 .

In the dialog box that opens. under Solar Study. select Shading with Edges. 2. select Winter Solstice. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 5. select Still. select Shadows On. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.Graphic Display Options 1. In the Sun Settings dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Set the time to 9:30 am. 4. 3. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. In the Presets list. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Open Elevation view South.Software Tools . Accept the location that activates.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.

Build panel. railings. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . furniture). Open Unit2_views. and floors. There are system families. and place Revit families. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. or institutional structures. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. is predefined within Revit. such as levels. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. On the Home tab. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. floors. windows. 3. These components are called families and there are several different types. or stand-alone (for example. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and annotations are examples of standard families. s A system family. and furniture. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Additionally.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. commercial. click Door. load. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Doors. windows. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. standard families. You add closet doors to interior walls. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. lights. In Revit. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. and use a Revit family to place a door.rvt. roofs. you open an existing project file. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and families in place. furniture. walls. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 2. and so on.Software Tools . Doors are considered standard family entities. objects can be defined as hosted (for example.

rfa. Accept the default size. Tag panel. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Project files have a file extension of *.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . On the Modify | Place Door tab.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Click the Doors folder. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. s s 6. 4. Furniture. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. As you move your cursor near any wall. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Family files have a file extension of *. Click Open. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window.rfa. Click Open. 5. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. You click to place an instance of the door family. If you highlight a door family. Locate Double Panel 2. and Annotation. It has a number of different sizes defined. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).

loaded. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Place two more instances of the door as shown. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. simply click it. In this exercise.Software Tools . 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .7. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. 9. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. you located. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place an instance of the door as shown.rvt. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. and placed instances of a door family. but not strongly. 8.

modify a door family. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. you open an existing project file. 5. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Select the double door as shown. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. For Name. enter 48" x 80". and create an in-place family. Open Unit2_doors_walls. This door needs to be 48" wide. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The required width is not available. 4. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 3.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. 2.rvt.

The door updates. Click OK. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. In the dialog box. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. select Generic Models. is to create a component family in place.6. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. On the Properties palette. For Name. 5.Software Tools . Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. On the Home tab. Build panel. 2. 1. enter Hall Clock. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . set the Extrusion End value to 6". 3. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click OK. 4. click Component > Model In-Place.

Click OK. 8. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . On the Draw panel. Revit will display . The family model updates. You have created the base of the clock. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. The exact dimensions and location are not critical.rvt. 11. 9. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". and placed a door family. In this exercise. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .0' 2". 7.6. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. as shown. 13. loaded. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 12. you located. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).4" as shown.2". Click Mode panel > Finish as before. click Rectangle. 10.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.

Turn on Shadows. 6. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. True b. 7. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Open different views. a. and click Open. Create a 3D perspective view. Right-click. Spin the model in 3D space. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. b. s Change type properties of a family.Software Tools . Zoom in Region is used to: a. s Change view displays. c. tab. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. To activate a view: a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. True b. a. d. and Options Bar. depending on the template selected. False 4. s Change view properties. False 3. and place a family from a library. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. c. b. Questions 1. False 2. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The tool shown is used to: a. d. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Go to View > View Name in the menu. c. a. s Access. Views can be renamed. load. s Adjust Visual Style Options. Either a or b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. Each project has several predefined views. context tabs. d. False 5. Zoom to the entire model. s Create an in-place model family.

A family created within a project is called ________________. Standard b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a. Multiview b. Parts d. Project Browser d.) are called: a. Pan and Zoom b. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . If you have a scroll wheel mouse. a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. System c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Properties palette 10. Scroll d.8. windows. All of the above. etc. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. depending on settings 9. In-Place d. Blocks c. Rotate c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Families 11.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 7. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Set project units. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 2. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Create dimensions and text. s Create dimension and text styles. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Create labels. Lesson Plan 1. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. you will be able to: s Select a project template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Duplicate and modify views. 6. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .

Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. colors. should be used.Standards and Building Codes . Visit the AIA website at www. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Many cities and counties have their own rules.aia. linetypes. colors.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Engineering. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. based on the AIA standards.org. linetypes. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.org. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Visit the AIAS website at www. Explain why templates are used. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. and so forth. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. defining the layers. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.aias. and the settings that are preset within them. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and Language Arts.

engineering. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

it must have at least one door. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. it cannot be called a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. a bathroom. and so on. doors.Standards and Building Codes . and so on. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. windows. A garage must be completely enclosed. For example. like mechanical drawing.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. A unit is a particular physical quantity. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. If there is a fire. If it lacks any of these components. a common area (such as a living room or family room). the number being its numerical value. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. defined and adopted by convention. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. otherwise it is considered a carport. one window. and one closet. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. a garage. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people.

in the United States. Here h is the physical quantity. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. glass.. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. unit symbol ft. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . such as room size and wall height. its value is expressed in the unit meter. In architectural drafting. However. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. also known as the International System of Units. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. using imperial units. unit symbol m. is 169 m.For example. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. or imperial. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. the construction industry still uses the English. and other materials. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units.. is 555 ft. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Another method is to apply dual notation. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. units are applied to dimensions.

Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. one value representing another value. In Revit Architecture. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A.) 8. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. sheets. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). line weight and pattern. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". and viewports.Standards and Building Codes . every 1/8" would represent 1'. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.Scales are ratios. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Each size is designated by a letter. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

symbols. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. notes Demolition. elevators. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.01. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create and position views. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and then add a title block or other symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.01. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. temporary Schedules Sections.a modified version of the AIA standard. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. site plan. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.

The next space is for tracking revisions. The paper is oriented landscape.Standards and Building Codes . the electrician. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. drawing scales. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and so on. fonts. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the author of the drawing. Usually. that is. followed by information on the building's owner. The column is divided into sections. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. the date drawn. so that the height is less than the width. and layer standards. For example. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Typically. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. and other relevant information. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. the HVAC company. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. annotation plot sizes. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents.

title blocks. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. dimension and text styles. layer settings. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. required symbols.

dimension styles. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). and Language Arts. windows. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. views. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. and walls. These can be used to build your model.Standards and Building Codes . You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards. Settings s 101 .

A residential building is a single-family dwelling. you create a new project file using a template. 3. In Revit. On the application menu. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Condominiums. apartments.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. you use templates as starting points. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. In the New Project dialog box. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. or store. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Open Revit to an empty project file. Select a Template 1. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. 2. click New > Project. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. factory.Standards and Building Codes . Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. click Browse.

On the application menu. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. In this exercise. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Click Open. click Close to close this project without saving.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. saving set up time. Click OK. you started a new project file using a standard template. 6. Select the Residential-Default. Settings s 103 . 5.4.

In this exercise. expand Floor Plans under Views. the drawing setup options are preset. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Pull the cursor to the right. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. click Wall. open ADA__Settings. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. The Wall tool remains active. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Standards and Building Codes . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In the courseware datasets folder. In the Project Browser. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. 3.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Click to start a new wall. s Place the cursor over the left wall. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 2.

s Set Unit symbol to m. Settings s 105 .4. click to start a new wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Click Format for Length.) 6. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. 5. In this exercise. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Place the cursor over the left wall. 8. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. and move the cursor right. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Close the file without saving. 7. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.

Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 3. On the Annotate tab. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. there are two types of dimensions. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2. 1. On the Properties palette. 4.Standards and Building Codes .Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Click OK. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. click Aligned. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For Name. Temporary dimensions display when you select. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.rvt. but also control the size and location of objects. create. temporary and permanent. or insert components. enter Big Text. click Duplicate. dimensions not only display. Open ADA_Dimensions. By default. Dimension panel.

s Click OK twice. Select the top.5. left. s Set Text Size to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Settings s 107 . 6. 7. Click to place. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.

In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . s s s Select the far left.8. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. you opened an existing file. Click to place the dimension. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. and far right vertical walls. The Dimension tool stays active. Close the file without saving. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. created a new dimension style.

open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Right-click. Settings s 109 .rvt. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In the datasets folder. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. There are no annotations visible. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. and the view window displays the new plan. In order to do this. Notice the door and window tags. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations.

Click OK to update the display of this view. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 6. 8. Settings panel.4. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. click Project Information. Double-click to open it. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Rename. 7. 9. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1.Standards and Building Codes . You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. In the Project Browser. Model Categories tab. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 1. Click OK. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. In the Project Browser. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 5. On the Manage tab.

Rightclick. 3.Add a Sheet 1. In the Value column of Project Address. You can also enter the address of your school. or supply your own values: Click OK. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Click New Sheet. click Edit. Settings s 111 . In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected.) 3. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 2. 2. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.

Notice the change to the title block. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Click Apply. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.Standards and Building Codes . Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. In the Identity Data and Other sections.4. 5. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Add a View to the Sheet 1. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.

4. Settings s 113 . Click Activate View. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select the new viewport. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Deactivate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 2. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 3. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click in the view. Right-click.

over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. s Added a sheet. Place the cursor 7. you: select it. Finish the move. The view updates on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . deselect it. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.5. The Scale updates in the title block. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. of the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Close the file without saving.

A copy of the 11 x 8. This is one of the longer exercises. Click Open. Select A-11x8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. On the application menu.rft. 3. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Start Revit Architecture.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. click New > Titleblock. It opens to the Recent Files window.5 title block template opens. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 4. Settings s 115 .5. 2.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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rfa. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.Landscape. Save the title block as A . 10. 14. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Checked By. 15. On the application menu. Your teacher may specify another location.Standards and Building Codes . 11.9. On the Quick Access toolbar. click Close. Add a label for Sheet Number. Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. select Drawn By. Accept the Sample Value. 13. you created a title block using a template file. Click Zoom to Fit. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Right-click. s Click Add. s Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 12. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. click Save to save the title block.

Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. 4. Highlight the title block and click OK. Click Open. Locate your title block. you create a new project file. 5. Insert a Title Block 1. click New to create a new project using the default template. 3. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. The title block appears in the graphics window. 2. Settings s 125 . In the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. On the View tab. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. and then load a custom title block into your project. Your title block is now displayed in the list.

Click OK. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. click Project Information. On the Properties palette.Standards and Building Codes . s For Checked By.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter your name. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Settings panel. Click OK. enter your instructor's name.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Select the title block. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Manage tab. 3. s For Drawn By. Click OK. 4. 2. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. you a created a new project file. 6. enter Student Project Unit 3. 5. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet.

There are various settings you can define for your template. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. 3. you define the title block. On the application menu.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. and geometry from the template. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. including how the rendered image looks. angles. and the units for your custom template. and then load them like families. settings. select Project Template. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Click OK. 2. On the Insert tab. and slope angle. you create a new project file. click New > Project. s Families: Load in families you use most often. In this exercise. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Create a Template In this exercise. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. in addition to predefined wall types. In the New Project dialog box. such as 3D and plan views. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. a dimension style. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 1.

click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Set the units for the template. Click OK. click Duplicate. enter 3/16" Verdana. There will be no visible change. 9. create a Dimension Style. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You create a custom dimension style. On the Annotate tab. click Settings panel > Project Units. 5.4. 8. 6. Click the Length field in the Format column. In the Type Properties dialog box. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For Name.rfa.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. Open the title block A . 10. Next. Click OK twice.Landscape. 7.

Settings s 129 . Click OK. select Sheets (All).Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 15. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette.11. Click New Sheet. 14. 12. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Rightclick. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click OK. In the Project Browser. Select the A .

The title block updates. In this exercise. You can use this template for future projects.16. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Save your project template in your class project folder. title block. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rte. Save the file name as A-English template. 17. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. and units that you defined. as well as dimension style and units.

s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . or new combinations of existing materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. abstract format.

NCTM d. s Create a dimension style.02 d. General Questions 1.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . English c.02 b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. 1:12 c. a. is defined as what? a. and symbols used in drawing? a. 1:24 d. 1:32 5. An architect b. s Create a text style. s Create a template. A. S.05 c. a. A.Standards and Building Codes . s Create a title block. s Create labels. s Create text. UBC c. dimension styles. A unit 4. P. s Create dimensions. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". 1:3 b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. NCSESA 2. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. True b. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. AIA b. Using AIA Standards. s Change dimension colors. False 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. s Change lineweight. A particular physical quantity. Metric d.

True b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Point offsets 3. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Application menu > Properties b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you click: a. To set the units in a project. False 4. a. To create a new sheet. you use: a. By default. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. In Revit Architecture. a. False 6. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. To change the scale of a view. Wall midpoints d. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. dimensions snap to: a. a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Wall faces b. True b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Wall centerlines c.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. 2. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . Lesson Plan 1. 3. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Define a wall structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls. 5.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 6.

them. or filling in between. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. After completing this lesson. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. and protect its interior spaces. List the different types of occupancy. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. their construction and materials. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.Walls . separate.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Clear the Chain option. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Enter 10.) Press ENTER to update the wall length.Brick on Mtl. Click to set the endpoint. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. It will not print. the dimension updates incrementally. Select the Single Line option. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Walls s 151 . 4. Stud. 5. Expand the Type Selector list. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. indicating wall length. an angular dimension displays. a dashed line displays. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. To modify a dimension. As you continue to move the cursor.3. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . After you create the wall. click it to open an edit field. but it disappears when you begin another action. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point.

The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click the wall. 7.Walls . click Create Similar. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. click Modify to stop placing walls. Create panel. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the Modify | Walls tab. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Depending on your zoom in the view. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. the controls may sit on top of one another. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. click the Detail Level icon. 8. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click to start the next wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Press ENTER. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall.6. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. enter 7. The wall does not show any internal detail. Select panel. On the View Control Bar. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed.

Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Also. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that two dimensions display. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Select the right vertical wall. an alignment line displays. Walls s 153 . Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Because you drew the wall from up to down. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side.9. notice how the wall joins at the corner. 10. release the mouse button to set a new length. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Click Modify. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension.

16. Select the lower vertical wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. click Wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select Chain on the Options Bar. Sketch the walls as shown. 14. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. When using the Chain option. 12. On the Home tab. Right-click. 15. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 13. This is the same as clicking Modify.Walls . the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click Cancel. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Build panel. Repeat.11. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.

19. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. After clicking the second end. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Modify. 17. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR.18. 20. Clear the Chain option. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Walls s 155 .rvt. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click Create Similar again. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.

Only part of the wall highlights. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. you first split the walls at the intersections. You now remove the upper right corner. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. This exercise illustrates how to split. Click Modify. align. To do this. 4. Split Walls 1. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Walls . and extend walls. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. trim. Both split walls are shown below. Do the same for the vertical wall.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. The cursor changes to a razor blade. fillet.

2. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. If you make a mistake. Enter 5'. select Radius. click Delete. On the Modify | Wall tab. You can also click the flip control. 3. 4. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Walls s 157 . Create panel. Click Fillet Arc. Select any wall. 5. On the Options Bar. On the Modify | Walls tab. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Modify panel. click Create Similar.Fillet Walls 1. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value.

The Wall tool is still active. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. You align the wall in the next steps. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . select Basic Wall: Interior .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 1. 3. Place an interior wall as shown. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 2.

The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor.4. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. You can lock the alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. s On the Options Bar. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Walls s 159 . The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Click to create a wall. clear Chain. such as location lines.

The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This will extend to the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 6. This will be the border. The walls can cross. Select the two interior walls in turn. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the vertical wall as shown.Walls . 3. 2. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 5.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 4. The length is not critical.

7. and trim. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. In this exercise. fillet. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 .rvt.

Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 3. On the Properties palette. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The Modify tool is active by default. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. click Edit Type. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 2. satisfy different requirements. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. and vary in cost. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view.Walls . The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. In the Project Browser.

Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. click Edit in the Structure value field. Add two additional layers to the wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Walls s 163 . enter 8" Insulated Stud. 6. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. 7. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To edit the structure of the wall. except Core Boundary. 8. For Name. Click OK. has a Function you can edit. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click Up. s Click Down twice. the wall structure should be as shown. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Every layer of a wall.4. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click the number of Layer 3. 5. Click Insert twice. When you are finished.

Modify the Function. s Set the Material to Wood . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Click the icon that appears at the right. select Finishes .Stud Layer. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].Interior Gypsum Wall Board. which displays plan or section views. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Exterior . 11. s Set the Material to Finishes . 10. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. 13. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.9.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Walls . 12. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Material. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].

select the view name as shown to expose its properties. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 15. From the Detail level list. 17. In the Project Browser. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. expand the Families branch. On the Properties palette.14. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Walls s 165 . select Medium. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 16.

Right-click 8" Exterior. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 19. 20. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.Walls . You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. In this exercise. defined a new wall structure. Close the file without saving. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. You opened an existing file. From the Type Selector list. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18.

a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You can define a wall type with these elements. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The model opens in a 3D view. wood rails. a structural mid-section. Select one of the Exterior . Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1.Brick on Mtl.rvt. In this exercise. for example. such as a weatherproof outside surface. 3. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. 2. and a decorated interior surface. Stud walls as shown. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Open ADA_Compound_Wall. you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.

or you will lose your changes. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You can assign different materials to regions. If not already expanded. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. To define the structure of the wall. 2. highlight one of the borders. Wall structures are Type Properties. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Click Split Region.4. You can split regions into other regions. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 1.Walls . Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. In this exercise. 8. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 7. To split a layer or region horizontally. When you split a layer. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. As indicated in the dialog box title. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. in the Structure value field. into regions. To split a layer or region vertically. You change the type. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 5. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. click Edit. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can set the sample height to any value. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 6. so all instances of this type change. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. either horizontally or vertically.

If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click Merge Regions. 3. Click to split the region into two parts. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. assign Layer 1. 4. The upper split disappears. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Prehighlight a border between regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.Brick layer.3. 1. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. After merge. 2. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to merge the two layers. Click to merge them. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. In this case. When you merge regions. Walls s 169 . since both regions are composed of the same layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1.

s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click Insert. 3. 3. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). instead of down.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. If you set the split offset down from the top. To create a new wall layer. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. you assign the material Masonry Brick . indicating that it is modifiable. Next. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 2.Walls . 1. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. click Modify. Change the value to 12. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 2. The dimension text turns blue. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. to the next parallel line. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 1. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. After a region is split. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. In the Edit dialog box. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. s Select the split line. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Press ENTER. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 4. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Click the temporary dimension text. Click again to return to the original position.

Walls s 171 . Merge Region. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 5. In this exercise. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Modify. When a layer is selected in the table. It immediately highlights in blue. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . 9. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. as shown. 7. Click Assign Layers. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone.Brick Soldier Course layer. because it is now the selected layer. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click OK. Change the Material to Masonry . 8. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Close the file without saving. It also shows a thickness value.Brick Soldier Course. 10. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. The preview changes appearance. The column widths in the table can be adjusted.4. All walls of this type have been changed. 6. Click OK. Split Region. and Insert Layer tools.

s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . piping. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.Walls . installed. ducting. and insulation. earth. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the ventilation. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Custom types and sizes can also be built. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes.Doors and Windows .Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the view. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. but also the natural lighting. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.Doors and Windows . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. ft.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . if there is no other escape route.

Engineering. Components such as doors. windows. Technology. and Language Arts. and copy these elements. engineering. move. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Center a door in a wall. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and how to position. how to load additional door and window families. This lesson relates to science. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. In this unit. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Some families are loaded into each empty file. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . and math standards.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Copy windows. technology. Math (STEM). and furniture are defined in family files. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you learn how to place doors and windows.

click Door. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. the door swing would be to the left side. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. To flip the door.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. 3.Doors and Windows . Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. In other words. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Build panel. Add Doors 1. elevation view. This can be done in a plan view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Open ADA_Doors_Windows. When placing doors in a plan view. or 3D view. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. To reverse the swing. 2.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. On the Home tab. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Once a door is placed. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.

Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. click Load Family. From the Type Selector list. Select the door Double-Panel 2. In order to keep file size small. 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80".Load Families 1. Mode panel.rfa. and windows into project files. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. walls. With the Door command active. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. except for the Type Selector. The display does not change. 3. Click Open. Doors and Windows s 189 . on the Modify | Place Door tab. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.

Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.Doors and Windows . 5. If necessary.4. From the Type Selector.

change a temporary dimension. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. simply click it and enter the correct value. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. or by using the swing control arrows. Remember.6. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location.

rvt.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.

From the Type Selector. 2. elevation view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. click Window. To face the outside of the window to the other side. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Add Windows 1. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Build panel. Open Unit5_doors. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. approach the wall from the right side. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. On the Home tab. or 3D view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. the outside of the window is to the left side. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. You can place windows in a plan view. When placing windows in a plan view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. click Modify and select the window.

rvt. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place seven more windows as shown. 4. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. you opened an existing project. 5.3. Window tags do not number in sequence. placed doors. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.Doors and Windows . and placed windows. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. You do not need to add dimensions. loaded a door family. In this exercise.

even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. constrain it to be centered in a wall.rvt. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. Dimension panel. 2. and modify the wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. wall. window. s Align and modify walls. 1. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. On the Annotate tab. place a door. and so on. you open an existing project file. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. 3. click Aligned. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 4. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder.

Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the center of the door. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The walls are now aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. This means that if one wall shifts. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the right wall. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Align Walls 1. 6.Doors and Windows .s s s s Click the left wall. Notice the symbol. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Select the upper wall first. 2. The door changes location. the other wall will remain aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 5. Click it and it changes as shown. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.

The walls shift and remain aligned. Change the dimension to 16. 3. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Right-click. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.) The dimension value is now shown. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value.4. 5. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.

you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Right-click.rvt.Doors and Windows .6. Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.

Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time.rvt. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 2. Doors and Windows s 199 . 4. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. especially if there are many different types. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Create Similar. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. 1. In this exercise. Create panel.

Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 4. Select the window you just placed. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 3.Copy Windows 1.Doors and Windows . 2. On the Modify | Windows tab. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Modify panel. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window will change appearance. The window is copied. click Copy.

you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise.rvt. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6.5. Right-click.

and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. flat glass is a recent invention.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . cold. heat.Doors and Windows . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.

40" d. 32" d. 36" c. 28" b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 32" b. s Copy a door or window. Custom 3. you learned to: s Place doors. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Position a door or window. Standard b. General Questions 1. a. s Place a window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. If a room is used for sleeping.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 30" c. 34" 4. True b. a. s Align a door or window. False 2. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation.

Click the temporary dimension to be changed. True b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Door and window tags are placed automatically. a. To center a door or window in a wall. a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 2. a. a. Properties 3. b. The center snap 7. c. To change the location of a door or window. 4. Load from Library b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. Clone b. Select the door. Copy 8.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. True b.Doors and Windows . you use: a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. c. False 5. a. d. Click Flip Direction. you: a. Insert d. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Duplicate d. Link c. Select the door. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. b. Right-click. Load c. Offset c. d. Use door grips to reposition. Click Door Properties. A reference plane b. Select the door. 6. you use ________. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. True b. Select the door.

4. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 6.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Create railings. s Modify stair boundaries. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. Review stairs and railings.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .

you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. After completing this lesson. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the different stair types. stair and railing types. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

engineering. and math standards.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Math (STEM). Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Once the actual riser height is determined. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. such as ice and snow. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.Stairs and Railings . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.

Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Due to building code. This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing.

particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

Stairs and Railings .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". but not more than 2".

You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. You create stairs in a plan view. and math standards. and stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Technology. This lesson relates to technology. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. and Language Arts. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. You can define straight runs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. ramps. Math (STEM). or tread. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. s Modify stairs. s Add a railing. s Create U-shaped stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. and spiral stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties.Stairs and Railings . or vertical circulation. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. To review the list of standards for each lesson. As you move the cursor.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. For safety reasons. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. U-shaped stairs. In multistory buildings. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. which includes elevators. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. Engineering. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. The riser and run values update accordingly. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. engineering. L-shaped runs with a landing.

This enables you to place the stairs properly. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. From the courseware datasets folder. This file is in metric units. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 217 . The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs. you create stairs using a straight run.rvt. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. 3.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.

5. In this case. click Stairs. These tools are used to define your stairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. On the Home tab. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. you create a straight run. Run is preselected. Click OK to close the dialog box. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Circulation panel.Stairs and Railings . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.4. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

7. 8. Stairs and Railings s 219 . On the Mode panel. If you have not fully created the run.6. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 9. and then click to define the run of stairs. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. As you move the cursor up. 10. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. You can also enter a distance of 4400. select Finish (green check). The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. the run footprint stops expanding. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can continue to move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. To change the run dimension. Select this intersection point to start your run.

and switched to a 3D view. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To avoid overwriting the original file. In this exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. click application menu > Save As > Project. 13. 12. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.11.rvt.Stairs and Railings . The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.

This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.rvt. Activate view Floor Plans. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Level 1. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. 2. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Edit panel. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. On the Modify tab. click Align. The stair is not centered on the landing. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.

Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.Stairs and Railings . Click the center of the stairs. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. On the Options Bar. Take time to make the selections correctly. select Wall centerlines. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.4. The Align command remains active. You can rotate your model to get a better view. from the Prefer list. 5. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.

enter Lobby Stairs. click Edit Type. s For Name. On the Properties palette. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. railings were created with the stairs. 8. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 7. Change Width to 1350. Hover the cursor over the railing. Select the stairs.6. On the Properties palette. and Dimensions subsections. In the Project Browser. 9. s Click OK. As you prehighlight them. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. expand Sections (Building Section). The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. s Click Duplicate. Graphics.

Select both railings. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Lobby Stair View.Stairs and Railings .10. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Cherry s s Click Modify. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .

and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Mode panel. The railings change. In the Type Selector. you change the shape of the stairs. Click it to select it.12. s Zoom in on the stairs. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Delete this line. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Next. click Edit Sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 14. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. The stair changes to the run sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . s On the Modify | Stairs tab. 13.

15. click Boundary.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. click the left end of the top riser. To place the second arc endpoint. Click to place the arc. 19. 17. 16. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Modify panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. Click Modify. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 18. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.

21. For the third point. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. the arc center point. click Riser. Click CenterEnds-Arc. First. 20. This will define a rounded first step. The left boundary will be mirrored. On the Draw panel. Click to exit the Mirror command. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary. Next. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.

Open the {3D} view to see the results. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.22. You also modified the properties of a railing. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Finish. On the Mode panel.rvt.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries.

the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. For simple railings.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you sketch the plan view path.rvt from the previous exercise. The completed exercise To create a railing. 3. Therefore. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Click Modify. In this case. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. you need to define a path for the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Select the right side railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. This is typically done in plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. 2. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.

You do not need to add dimensions. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To set the exact distance. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.4. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Once the railing is selected. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. On the Draw panel. select Chain.Stairs and Railings . s s On the Options Bar. 7. click Line. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 6. on the Modify | Railings tab. 5. edit the temporary dimension. click Edit Path. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Mode panel. Then. The dimensions are shown as a guide.

In this exercise. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 8.rvt. 9. Delete your lines and try again. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . you used sketch tools to create a railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

Stairs and Railings . In this exercise.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Work Plane panel. s On the Options Bar. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. you create a reference plane. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. 2. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.rvt from the previous exercise. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Home tab. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Create a Reference Plane 1. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. In a floor plan view.

Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 6. 5. To start sketching the run. click Stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Circulation panel. enter Exit Stairs. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Pull the cursor straight up. On the Properties palette. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. change the Width parameter to 900.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Matte 2. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Click OK. On the Home tab. Click Edit Type. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Gray. 4.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. For Name. 3. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Click OK twice.

Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Press ENTER. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7. 9. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.Stairs and Railings . with none remaining to be created. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer to the right. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. enter 1925. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 8. Click to place the first run.

click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Click Finish Stairs again. On the Stairs panel. you select Continue to return the sketch. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Use Hide/Isolate 1. it is because you have overlapping lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Remove the additional lines. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. 2. 11. On the View Control bar. You want to inspect your stairs. If you get an error message. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Stairs and Railings s 235 .10. To remove the lines. but they are hidden behind walls. click Finish Stairs.

2. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . Select the stairs so they highlight. 3. On the View Control Bar. Zoom in to see your stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair. 4. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 5. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Finally. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. The exterior walls reappear. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. you learned to create a reference plane. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Reset the Display 1. This is a multistory stair. 6. On the Properties palette.3. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The walls are now hidden.

escalators. and elevators. ramps.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 .

Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . smoke guards. but they can also be highly decorative. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Include landings as required by your local building code. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. and deliver riders without wait time. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. this openness makes them fire hazards. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices.

36" d. a. a. 40" 4. a. s Create railings. 90 degrees d. b. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Create stairs. 30" b. 25 degrees b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 180 degrees 3. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Modify stair boundaries. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. True b. 32" c. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. False Summary/Questions s 239 . True b. False 2. and all treads should be the same run. 45 degrees c.

Treads. a. Line b. a. that is. Manage d. risers 3. Circle 4. Arc d. Railings. True b. False 6. you use the _______ option. Home b.Stairs and Railings . To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Attach Railing c. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Fasten Railing 5. riser d. riser lines c. Align Railing d. risers b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Rectangle c. True b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Run. risers and treads.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Modify c. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. Boundary lines. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. Insert 2. Pick New Host b. a.

Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 5. (Student) 10. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 7. (Student) 8. Review of roof types. (Student) 6.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Place gutters.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 9. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 4. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.

A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. gutters. tiles. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.Roofs . It addresses roof construction. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. Identify the different roof types. run. After completing this lesson. and pitch of a sloped roof. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and downspouts. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. roof types. Calculate the rise.

s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. technology. s Rake: The inclined. Technology. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. and Language Arts.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Roofs s 243 . Engineering.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and if visible. maintenance. Sloped roofs. About Roofs s 245 . are designed for shedding water and snow. as well as how effective a shelter it is. maintenance. the roofing pattern. and sunlight. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. texture. snow. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. They come in several types. both low and steep. These are used more often on upscale homes. and color. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. rot.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. You can use them for many different applications. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. the roofing pattern. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. fire-resistant. durability. resistance to wind and fire. durability. and if visible. resistance to wind and fire. and colors. brands. and sun. texture. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and low maintenance roofing material. resulting in at least one textured face.

odor. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. durable. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. They are fire-resistant. Therefore. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. reinforced plastic. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. and so forth). or corrugated structural glass. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. quality. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. special characteristics (for example. treatment for insects. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. Unfortunately. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof.Roofs . s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. galvanized steel. choose a type that will suit your needs. This same roof on a clear. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. fiberglass. consider such factors as cost.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). and require little maintenance. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. zinc alloy. and insulating capability (R-value). 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. When choosing the insulation for your job. galvanized steel.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . eave flashing. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. the requirements for underlayment.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 .

Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. These are commonly used in French-style houses. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. run. The run value is typically equal to 12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.

Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 to 12. 7 and 12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 7-12. try to specify standard roof pitch. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.When designing a roof. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 on 12.

s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Create a hip roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Once you create a roof. and fascia. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. water. or roof overhangs. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create a roof fascia. To create a roof by face. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Roofs s 255 . dormers. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Place gutters. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. snow. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Assign roof structure and materials. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. or eaves. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. soffits. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. or ice. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. that convey rainwater to drains. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create various roof types. you can add gutters. often supporting a gutter. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.

This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Math (STEM). Engineering. technology. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Roofs . Technology. and Language Arts.

In the Work Plane dialog box. 2. To create an extruded roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 3. you create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click OK to continue. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. select the Name option. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 4. the top of the roof profile is sketched.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise.rvt. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration.

click Ref Plane. On the Work Plane panel. s Use the image below for guidance. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 2. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open.Roofs . To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. Click Open View. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 3. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 6. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch.5. In the Go To View dialog box. 4. click Line. select Section: Section 1. Draw panel. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. The section view should display as shown.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click Modify.6. Using a positive offset value. Roofs s 259 . s Select the new dimension. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. 5. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using the image below for guidance. s Click the EQ toggle.

5. for Name. Click Modify. Right-click. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Click OK.Roofs . 2. 3. click Chain. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 4. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. you can label them. 7. enter Horizontal. click Line. s On the Options Bar. click Finish (green check). On the Mode panel. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. The name displays when you select the reference plane. On the Properties palette. 1. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 6.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes.

9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.12" type. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8.

On the Modify tab. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 1. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Using the images for guidance. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 2.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. click Join/Unjoin Roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. This is a two-step process. carefully select the far right roof edge.Roofs . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

open the view Sections: Section 1. 2.4. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 263 . Trim Walls 1. Select both walls. select Attach Wall: Top. Select the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. In the Project Browser. 3. This will join the wall tops to the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. However. click Attach: Top/ Base.

s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. In this exercise. The roof now looks correct. 5. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view.Roofs .rvt. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 1. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Unit7_first_roof. In this exercise. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 4. from existing walls. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Because you are in a 3D view. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. a dialog box is displayed. by Footprint. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. select Garage Roof. Click Yes. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Build panel.rvt. On the Home tab. From the drop-down list. so you look straight down as in a plan.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 .

7. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Use the image below for guidance. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Next. 6.Roofs . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 8.5. click Defines Slope. select the vertical wall on the left. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s On Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option.0". If you place a line on the wrong side. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . Select the right vertical wall of the garage. click Pick Walls.

To complete the roof. change the value to 6"/12". Select the left slope defining line. Click Modify. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Click the 9"/12" text. click Yes. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 1. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 2. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. That value displays next to the slope arrow. By default. The new roof displays. Roofs s 267 . roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Change this value to 6"/12". defining lines separately. 3. Other controls also display. Select the right side roof line. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. click Finish. It becomes an editable field.

Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.4.Roofs .rvt. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. In this exercise. 5.

When all of the walls prehighlight. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 2. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. On Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. set the overhang to 1' 0". The file opens to a 3D view. click to select them.rvt. Clear Defines Slope. Roofs s 269 . To chain-select all of the walls. Build panel. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.

Right-click. 4.Roofs . On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area. On the Draw panel.Create a Roof Opening 1. click Rectangle. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 3. 2. As an alternate. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Using the image for guidance.

Select the uppermost. 6. Roofs s 271 . The slope indicator displays. click Yes. 2.Add Slope Lines 1. Click Finish. Select the left lower horizontal line. 3. 5. select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. horizontal line. As in the previous exercise. Click Modify. 4. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. On the Options Bar.

attached walls. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise.Roofs . 8. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.rvt. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.7. and chimney penetration.

click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls shown in the image. Select Defines Slope. 4. On the Options Bar. Build panel. 3.rvt.0". 5. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. The file should open to a 3D view. Create the Roof 1. you create a hip roof. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Roofs s 273 . Zoom into the area shown.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. set Overhang to 2' . Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 2.

change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .7. Click OK. 3. 2. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. To close the roof sketch. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. On the Properties palette.Roofs . Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Right-click the ViewCube. you use the Line tool. In addition. s On the Draw panel. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed.0". s s Clear Defines Slope. 6. Raise the Roof 1. Switch to a 3D View. click Line. Click Finish to complete the roof.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first.

In this exercise.rvt.Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Roofs s 277 . The file should open to a 3D view. click Pick Walls. On the Draw panel. 7. 4. 3. 5. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Create a Shed Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.rvt. Clear Defines Slope. 6. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. click Line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 2.

Set the Offset to 0' 0". Click Modify. 9. 12. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 13. On the Properties palette. Select the lower.Roofs . 11.8. Click Toggle Slope Defining. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Right-click the line. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 10.

Switch to a 3D view. 18. In this exercise. Click OK. 15. 17.rvt. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. you created a shed roof using a footprint. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16. Roofs s 279 . Save as Unit7_shed_roof.14. Finish the Roof. click Yes.

Roofs . On the Properties palette. Open the Default 3D view. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 4. Cutoff Level list.rvt. The roof updates. You see four levels defined in the model. 5. 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Level 3. Activate the view North Elevation. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Select the Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 2. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. On the menu bar. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.

13. click Pick Lines. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. To set the slope for the new roof. Finish the Roof.6. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. 12. 10. 11. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. on the Properties palette. 9. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. Switch to a 3D View. On the Draw panel. 7.rvt. Zoom and spin to see your model. Roofs s 281 . Open Floor Plan: Level 3. set the slope value to 3"/12". 8. Select the inner rectangle as shown. In this exercise. select Defines Slope.

3. In the Type Selector. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 2. Select the main roof over the house. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.rvt.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. thereby reducing energy consumption. The file should open to a 3D view. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.

Define a Roof Structure 1. s Click OK. For Structure Value. 3. click Edit Type. 5. For Name. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Duplicate. Select the roof over the garage. Roofs s 283 . It is a generic roof type. click Edit. Select Layer 2 as shown. 2. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Clay Tile. Click Insert to add a layer. 4. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Model. 6.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 7. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. In this exercise.Roofs . The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Click OK twice. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Click OK.rvt. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.

rfa. to support a gutter. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. In the Open dialog box. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 2. 4. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. or for decoration. In this exercise. click Roof > Fascia. Roofs s 285 . Click Open. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. On the Home tab. On the Insert tab. 3. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rvt.

just loaded: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Matte. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Roofs . Click OK. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. 6. for Profile.Paint Finish Ivory. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Set the Material value to Metal . Click Duplicate.5.

Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. 9. Roofs s 287 .8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt.

select Metal Aluminum. 5. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. For Name. 2. Under Material parameter. select Gutter . Place Gutters In this exercise. Click OK.Roofs . Click OK. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 6. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Bevel: 5" x 5". The completed exercise 4. under Profile parameter. you add gutters to a building. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 1.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. click Roof > Gutter. The file should open to a 3D view. 3. click Edit Type.rvt. s Click Duplicate. so as not to detract from the design of the building. On the Home tab.

rvt. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 8. In this exercise. If you click the interior face. Roofs s 289 . Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.7. 10. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. you attached gutters to a roof. 9. Segments will clean up at corners. 11. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. heat. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water.Roofs . and cold. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s Using your own house.m.

a. Shed 4. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. True b. False 2. a. s Place fascia. Hip c. Gambrel d. True b. When referring to roof slope.Roofs . False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. None of the above 3. Medium c. General Questions 1. Low b. the run is always 12. s Place gutters. Gable b. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. High d. s Define a roof structure.

you use: a. Sketch. Create Slope d. a. Material 8. Footprint. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. profile. extrusion. Defines Slope c. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. profile 2. a. Face 3. Extrusion d. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. SHIFT c. Footprint b. a. Add Slope b. Slope c. Change the direction of the slope. c. Turn slopes on or off. DEL d. Change the direction of the roof. lines c. a. Activate Slope 9. sketch. Roofs can be created using ______.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. TAB b. Footprint. True b. 10. extrusion. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Footprint b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Walls d. A compound roof contains layers. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Create an opening. Walls. Cut/Lengthen c. False Summary/Questions s 293 . pick d. False 5. a. False 7. face b. d. True b. place a check mark next to: a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. ENTER 4. b. a. Expand/Contract 6. Trim/Extend b. Sketch c. To add a slope to a roofline. ______ or _______. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. a.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. s Create slope annotations.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.

Sections are used to examine the roof. and special equipment. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. the kitchen. In a commercial structure. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. In a residential building.Sections and Elevations . floor. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and tool racks. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. bathrooms.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. After completing this lesson. the location of special equipment. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. cabinetry. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . technology. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts.

Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. framing. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. and foundation plans. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. across its narrower dimension. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). and are properly cross-referenced. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. t Cross or transverse sections. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.Sections and Elevations . on the long axis of the building. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. such as framing connections and foundation details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. unnecessary. full.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Sections and Elevations . it is acceptable to decrease the scale. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. such as doors and windows. s The position relationship between different elements. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. For larger elevations. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

" Mfr. You may. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. people. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. quantity. this is reversed. For example. For siding. the titles assigned (North. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. For a wood structure. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. South. Unnecessary Information Shades. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. and so forth. Therefore. shadows. cars. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. followed by any additional information about spacing. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. East. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. The size of the object is listed first. bushes. With interior elevations. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. or methods of installation. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. however. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and then the name of the material. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking.

and other appliances. and materials used. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. wood. casements. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. other openings. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. shelf arrangements. and types of finish materials used. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. This is more costly than regular overlay. doors. doors and direction of door swings. dishwashers. Hinges are concealed. flush overlay. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and lip. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. or MDF. windows. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame.Sections and Elevations . tile. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. It can also be used around doorways and windows. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. or linoleum) and the wall. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". or decorative patterns. which is a formed pressboard. This is usually done using a topset. and special equipment such as toilets. It may have curves. or a baseboard. Molding is usually made of plaster. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. The trim is usually glued into place. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". chamfers. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. coving. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding.

You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create an interior elevation.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add slope annotations. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. which you can then add to a sheet. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Change the section head. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings.

Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified.Sections and Elevations . Math (STEM). like an elevation. engineering. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Once created. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Technology. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. A section is a horizontal view.

Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. or other section view. elevation. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. the section symbol does not display in that plan view.

By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. the section does not display in the elevation view.

You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. So. tracing over the existing elements. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. In a set of construction documents. Slope is also referred to as pitch. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Once you create the detail section. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. which is spoken as 2 in 12. In the example shown. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add structural details. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Details are crucial for effective construction. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add detail notes. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. s Add breaklines as needed. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. such as anchor bolts and siding. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

The file opens to a 3D view. click Section.rvt. 2. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The completed exercise 6. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. 4. Create a Section View 1. Create panel. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 3. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. The Section command is available from the View tab. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the file ADA_Sections. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. On the View tab. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.

Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . and it has control grips to resize it. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. With the section line selected. Section Properties 1. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The actual location is not critical. 3. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. This is called the crop region. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on.

you automatically created a section view. 5. The section view updates. 6. Sections and Elevations s 313 . When you drew the section line. The view is listed in your Project Browser. In the Properties palette. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. In this exercise. 8. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue).rvt. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Clear Crop Region Visible. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.4. 7. Save the file as Unit8_section1.

They include Section Head . 2. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Select Section Head-Open. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. The view does not change. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. For Name.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Load from Library panel. In this exercise. enter Open Arrow. Settings panel. Click Open to load the family. In the Type Properties dialog box.No Arrow.Sections and Elevations . and Section Head . click Load Family.1 point Filled. Click OK.Filled. click Duplicate. 3. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Insert tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.rfa. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 4. 6. 7. 5. Several section head families are available. On the Manage tab. Section Head .rvt.

Sections and Elevations s 315 .Open. select Open Arrow. click Edit Type. For Name. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. select Section Head . In this exercise. 11. In the Section Tag field. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 13. Click OK. On the Properties palette. 14. Select the section line. Click OK. Save as Unit8_section_open. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.rvt. For Section Head. 9. 12. 10. enter Open Arrow. Click Duplicate. The section head updates to the new head type.8.

The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 3. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 2. This is a building section. 6. Create panel. Use the image below for guidance. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.Sections and Elevations . Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. select the border of the callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". click Callout. To reposition the callout head. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. On the View tab. 4.rvt. 5. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles.

3. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. click Region > Filled Region. as shown. Line is selected automatically. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 4. On the Draw panel. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. region patterns. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. select Chain. 1. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. You can add detail lines. detail components. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 8. On the Options Bar. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill.7. On the Annotate tab. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. 2. On the Properties palette. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 317 . but not strongly. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.

7. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click OK. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Click Modify. 6. Select the upper and right side lines. For Name. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. On the Properties palette.5. enter Earth.Sections and Elevations . You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.

On the Mode panel. the pattern becomes visible.rfa. Detail panel. If you zoom in closer. 2. click Load Family. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. From the Fill Pattern list. select Finish (green check). 1. On the Annotate tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Sections and Elevations s 319 . Click Open. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Detail panel.8. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. click Component > Detail Component.Section. 3. Click OK. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 9.

select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.Sections and Elevations . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. In the Specify Types dialog box. From the Type Selector. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 5. Click OK.

8. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector list. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.6. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. 7. select Plywood. Using the image below for guidance. Move it after placement if necessary.

Click Component > Detail Component. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. 10. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 11.9. The exact vertical placement is not critical. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Select the vertical plywood.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. 12. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. set the Thickness to 3/4". select anchor bolt. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the component similarly to the image below. This component represents the subflooring. Use the image below for guidance.

From the Type Selector. select Lap Siding. select Multiple. Add another Detail Component. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Click Modify. On the Options Bar. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Copy.13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. 14. Use the image below for guidance.

15. From the Line Style Selector. Detail panel. Save the file. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add Detail Lines 1. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. click Detail Line. 2. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 16. Start at the end of the siding. select Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel.3. 5. 4. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Still using Wide Lines.

Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 8.Sections and Elevations . Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. On the Annotate tab. select the Material field in row 3. Click Edit in the Structure field. Save the file. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 10. 2. 7. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. The wall display updates. you show the gypsum board in the wall. identified as Wall material 1. Click Modify. Select the wall so it highlights. Right-click. click Insulation. Add Insulation 1. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.6. Detail panel. Next. 9. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.

Sections and Elevations s 327 . Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Detail panel.2. select Break Line. 3. Your view should resemble the image shown. From the Type Selector. click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. On the Annotate tab.

You place another breakline. Save the file. To complete the detail. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 7. 6. 5. In this exercise. detail lines. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The Detail Component tool is still active. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The view should resemble the image shown. and detail components to it. Click Zoom to Fit. Place the breakline as shown. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view.4. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.Sections and Elevations .

you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The size of the object is listed first.rvt. 2. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . The border around the view will disappear. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. To add notes. and ventilation methods in construction documents. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 3.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). With nothing selected in the view. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. weatherproofing. or methods of installation. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. quantity. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Clear Annotation Crop. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. 1.

Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow.Sections and Elevations . leader arrow as shown. From the Type list. As you pull your cursor to the right. 12. Text panel. On the Annotate tab. On the Format panel. Move the pointer up 11. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 6. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 8. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Finally. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 7. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. click Two Segments. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. click Text. R13.4. 9. insulation. 10.4" WEATHERING. 5. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .

Click off the text to finish the entry.13. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 17. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. 18.C. .C. Start the next text at the floorboard.C. Start the next text at the baseboard. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the interior wall. O. as the second line of text.C. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT..TYPE X. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 16. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. or wood treated with preservative against rot. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. is an acronym for On Center. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 14. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 5/8" GWB . Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 15. 19. 20.

you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Modify. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.rvt. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 21. Click Zoom to Fit. 23. Click ENTER to start a second line. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard..Sections and Elevations . Note: CONC signifies concrete. 22. In this exercise.

click Load. section. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Click New Sheet. and locate the detail view on it. In the Project Browser. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 3. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 2.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Sections and Elevations s 333 . You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.rvt. 4.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 5. Highlight your title block. In this exercise. 6. Click Open. The new sheet becomes the current view. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Locate the A-Landscape. highlight Sheets. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. or elevation view. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Right-click. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag it to the right.Sections and Elevations .7. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 9. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. On the View Control Bar. Click the control at its left end. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. In the Project Browser. Select a Level Line. Both Level ends will move together. click Hide Crop Region. close to the crop border. 8. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown.

Click Rename. For Name.10. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. For Number. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. In the Project Browser. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 .301. s Modified the label values in the title block. 13. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK. highlight the new sheet.rvt. enter S. 11. 12. In this exercise.

It is defined by the green dotted line. The elevation markers are now visible.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Select Elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add slope indication for roof. Click OK. When you create a project with a template. four elevation views are included: north. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.Sections and Elevations . 6. Open ADA_Elevations. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. s Set the display for building components as needed. 2. south. s Add material notes. 3. 4. 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. s Add any necessary dimensions. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click the Annotations tab. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. east. 5. and west. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Right-click.

Sections and Elevations s 337 . 5. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 3. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 4. Next. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. On the Annotations tab. clear Planting. On the Modelling tab. clear Sections.2. Switch to an Elevation View 1.

Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. click to open the list. 11. 10. 12. and modified the wall display characteristics.rvt. you activated an elevation view. 9. Select the wall. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Select the Material field for Layer 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click the button that displays to select a material. 13. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. modified its display. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . It will be identified as Condo .Sections and Elevations .7. Click Zoom to Fit. select Edit in the Structure field. 8. In Surface Pattern. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Select Sand.Exterior Stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. click Edit Type.

you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 5. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views.rvt. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Set the Leader type to One Segment. quantity. 2.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. 4. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Sections and Elevations s 339 . then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Enter TX. or methods of installation. Add a note for the stone wall. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 3. In the Type Selector. Add a note for the foundation. The size of the object is listed first.

6. Add a note for the roof. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. In this exercise. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9. Add a note for the brick wall. 8.Sections and Elevations . 7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.

The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. For Offset from Reference. Click again to locate the slope indicator. On the Annotate tab. 2. enter 1/8". Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 3. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. click Spot Slope.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 4. from the Slope Representation list. select Triangle. 1. 5.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click to select the roof line. 6. Dimension panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.

9. click Aligned. 10. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.7. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Dimension panel. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.Sections and Elevations . 11. Click to select the roof line. Click Modify. Click to locate the slope indicator.

select wall breaks and levels. The west elevation now contains material notes. Arrange notes. and vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown. leaders. In this exercise.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. and dimensions for clarity. 14. 13. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . slope indicators.12.

Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. In this exercise. Highlight the view. In the Project Browser. special closets. kitchens. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. dimensions.Sections and Elevations . equipment rooms. 3. This view was already defined in the drawing. Right-click. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. and cabinetry. Click Find Referring Views. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Click Open View. 2.

Dimension panel. Clear Use Project Settings. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Sections and Elevations s 345 . click OK. 6. click Aligned. Right-click. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. In the Name box. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click the value field for Units Format 8. s s s s Click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. 7.4. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. 5. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".

Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.9.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. detail the interior section. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. You modified a dimension style.rvt. In this exercise. 10.

Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The direction the structure is facing. Either one. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. such as north. Nobody in Charge d. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. False 3. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Create material annotations. b. s Create a section view. Indicate the location of doors and windows. All of the above 5. a. All of the above. General Questions 1. The orientation of the exterior elevation. it depends. s Create slope annotations. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The direction the viewer is facing. d. Not in Contract c. c. Not in Concrete b. c. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Walls c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. Show the relationships between elements. b. Cabinetry d. 4. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. is always the true orientation. True b. 2.

click Sheet Composition > View. b. False 5.Sections and Elevations . b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. South d. True b. a. The Visual Style of the view. East b. c. you use: a. 4. d. Click Add View. The boundaries of the view. West c. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The detail level of the view. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. On the View tab. False 2. True b. Sun and Shadow b. but not a 6. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The dotted line indicates: a. Which elevation is it? a. d. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. a. c. b and c. Element properties c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Right-click. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. North 3. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The height of the view.

Lesson Plan 1.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. you will be able to: s Create a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. 2. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . Review Schedules. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. s Load a schedule tag.

After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and math standards. width. Some of these building objects include. To review the list of standards for each lesson. height. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and thickness. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Engineering. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. technology. About Schedules s 351 . engineering. Math (STEM). The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. such as reference number.

There are different types of schedule tables. Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. However. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. depending on the style of the architectural firm. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.Schedules . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the same primary information is included.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

hexagon. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Other letters are P for plumbing. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. The following image shows door. A circle. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. However. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Using the software. window. Like schedules.Schedules . To clarify the reading of the floor plan. E for electrical. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). and A for appliances.

Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. hardware. s Export a schedule. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. rooms. s Add room tags. windows. Schedules s 355 . s Create a room schedule. Schedules list items such as doors. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. and math standards. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). materials. equipment. Technology. and you can create your own schedules.

You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.Schedules . you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.

Type Mark. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Height. 4.s Window Tag 5. Click Add. On the View tab. 7. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Level. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. select Comments. and Width. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. In Available Fields. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Select Windows from the list. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 3. Schedules s 357 . click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 6. Add Count.

9. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules . 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Click OK to finish the schedule. from left to right.8. Select the fields.

The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Schedules s 359 . From the Sort By list. 2. 1. Select Blank Line. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 3. On the Properties palette for the schedule view.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. but without any useful calculations yet. select Type Mark.

On the Properties palette. 1. in this case). 2. select Level. In order to calculate the total number of windows. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 4. for Sorting/ Grouping. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. in the Then By sorting field. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.Schedules . 3. Notice how the schedule has changed. clear Itemize Every Instance. Rather than make a manual calculation. click the schedule name. you can have the schedule report this. click Edit. In the Project Browser.

and Totals.5. The totals for each window type now display. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. From the list. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. In this exercise. Count.rvt. for Sorting/ Grouping. 6. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Schedules s 361 . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. On the Properties palette. s Set the schedule to display category totals. click Edit 7. select Footer. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. select Title.

In this exercise. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Click Open. Room & Area panel. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.Schedules . click Overwrite the Existing Version.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. floor type. On the Home tab. 4. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. based on the amount of space in each room. Locate the file named Room Tag. 5. occupancy. ceiling type. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Room size. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 3. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. click Room > Room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 2. Open ADA_Room_Tags. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.

Schedules s 363 . Room & Area panel. 8. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Click Modify to terminate the placement.In the Type Selector. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. and in the hall as shown. click Room > Room Separation Line. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. 6. a total of 7. 7.

Select Room #2. s Click the Room text. s Change the word Room to Manager. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.9. 12.Schedules . click Room. Click Modify. 13. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The room tag updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . An edit box activates. The cursor changes to sketch mode. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 11. On the Room & Area panel. The area value for Room 7 updates. 10.

s Tagged various objects. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Schedules s 365 .rvt. s Added a room separation.14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. 15. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. for Name. s Changed room tag field values. you: s Loaded a room tag. enter Sales.

For Name. Click OK. In the Available Fields pane. 6. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. On the View tab. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. select Number.Schedules . enter Square Footage Report. Create a Room Schedule 1. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click Add--> after each selection. and Area to be included in your schedule.rvt. 3. Set the Sort By value to Number. Create panel. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The completed exercise 5. 4. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. Name. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.

8. In the Format dialog box. s Set Alignment to Right. Highlight the Area field. Click OK. 10. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the Heading to No.7. Highlight the Number field. Schedules s 367 . Click the Formatting tab. s Click Field Format. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Select Grand Totals. clear Use Project Settings. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Units to Square Feet. 9. s Select Calculate Totals.

rvt. 12. you: s Created a room schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.Schedules . In this exercise.11. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Click OK. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.rvt. 5. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Click Save. locate the file you created. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Note the formatting that has been applied. you export the room schedule to a text file. Schedules s 369 . On the application menu. 6. The file is created. Using your Windows Explorer. Double-click it to open it. 4. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.txt) file. 3. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 2. Browse to a directory to save your report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. You can then use this file in other applications. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.

In this exercise. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.7.

2. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. What is a schedule table? a. Quantity c. None of the above. d. s Place a schedule tag. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. b. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Type b. False 4. s Reformat a schedule. Questions 1. s Export a schedule. a. Instance 3. A list of sheets used in a project.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Create a schedule. c. Matrix d. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. A list of information that defines specific building objects. a. True b. True b. s Load a schedule tag.

a. Modify 2. XLS c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Annotate b. use the ____ . CSV d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. a. TXT b. Manage tab 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Annotate tab b. View c. Application menu d. View tab c. To export a schedule. Home d. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .

4. 2. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Review Visualization. 5.

s Export a DWG file. s Orient walls and windows. s Export an FBX file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Math (STEM). you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Add planting components. s Play a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Finally. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Assign materials. and Language Arts. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . After completing this lesson.Visualization . s Create a raytrace rendering. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Export a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Place a camera. or camera on a path. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Apply shading to a view. you create a walkthrough. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.

Assign materials. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. To prepare your model for rendering. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s s 2. courseware datasets.rvt. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Open Unit2_custom_family. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You worked on animations. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. s Make a camera view the active view. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format.

For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 5. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 6. Right-click.3. 4. The wall display updates.Visualization . The walls now display layers of materials. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select any exterior wall. Stud. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select one of the exterior walls. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.

8. Select Site: Grass. 10. In addition to using the control arrows. On the Properties palette. Select the toposurface object. Click Change wall's orientation. you can: s s s 9. Open the Default 3D view. Right-click. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select walls. Visualization s 377 .7. Repeat the process for the windows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Click OK.

11. click Import > Import. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.FBX). select Autodesk (*. Depending on your system resources.rvt. This will filter the file list. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. Click OK in any notices and warnings. and click Open. 2. Open 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Save the file as Unit10_Export. click Export > FBX. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu. you have completed this exercise. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 12. for Files of type. 3. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.Visualization . Select the file name. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof.

Close the file without saving. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 2. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Visualization s 379 . 3. On the application menu. click Next. open Unit10_Export. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. you have completed this exercise.rvt. Note the file location. Export the Model to DWG 1. If necessary. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. There is no way to update it from Revit. Open or return to Revit. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Depending on your system resources. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.4.

Click Open.Visualization . 5.4. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 9. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. On the application menu. 6. Close the File Link Manager. 7. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click References > File Link Manager. 8. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. open Unit10_Export. In the File Link Manager .rvt. click Attach This File. click File.max. Select two windows as shown. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. If necessary. Open or return to Revit.

Visualization s 381 . Save the file. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. In the dialog box. 11.10. 12. Open the 3D view.

382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. In this exercise. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Changed a material definition. The windows have changed. 15. s Click Reload. s Oriented walls and windows. Open the File Link Manager.14. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Close the File Link Manager. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open the Files tab. The linked file updates.

In this exercise. and create a second rendering. On the View tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Create panel. you place a camera in a model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.rvt. Place a Camera 1. click Camera. 2. change materials. Open Unit10_Export. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view. If you place the camera too close to the model. 3. add plantings to the model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. generate a rendering. as shown.

Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 7. 2. On the View Control Bar. The camera will be visible. Right-click. Render Setup 1. The camera perspective view opens.Visualization . click Show Rendering Dialog. 5. select Very Few Clouds. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly.4. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. If necessary. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Return to the perspective view. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. s s s s Open a floor plan view. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Open the Site view again. 6. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Show Camera.

click Site Component. Model Site panel. Visualization s 385 . Accept the default settings for Quality. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Enhance the Model 1. Open the Site view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Output Settings. s Click Render. Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. 3.30' approximately as shown. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. and Lighting. 2.3. Open view 3D View 1. On the Massing & Site tab.

click Edit Type.Wood Shake. Click Edit in the Structure field. Change Materials 1. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Select the roof.4. 2. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 4. 5. The model displays in the view. In the Rendering dialog box. click Save to Project. click OK. On the Properties palette.Visualization . In the Layer 1 Material field. and you can now select elements for editing. Select an exterior wall. click Show the Model. 5. Revit places the image in its own view. On the Properties palette. In the Materials list. 3. 6. In the Save to Project dialog box. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Roofing .

9. 7.10. Click Replace. Click Edit in the Structure field. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. Visualization s 387 . 8.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.

Visualization . Save the file as Unit10_render. s Created a raytrace setup.11. s Generated and captured a render image.rvt. Click OK. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 16. 13. click Render. 14. s Generated and captured a second render image. In this exercise.Brick Uniform Running Brown. The new image is placed in its own view. s Edited materials in model components. 12. s Placed site planting components in the model. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. 15. click Save to Project. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select Masonry . You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.

In this exercise. s Edit the camera and path. Open Unit10_render. Create panel. rendered. s Right-click. The camera and path can be edited. To place a key frame. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. and exported individually.rvt. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s View the animation in a media player. in a project model. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. 2. 4. The cursor changes to a crosshair. along the path can be viewed in different modes. click to the left of the model as shown. Each view. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Open floor plan view Level 1. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Click Zoom Out (2x). The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. or walkthroughs. s On the View tab.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Visualization s 389 . s Right-click again. or frame. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model.

On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 6. 8. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Drag it to the left. Walkthrough panel. 11. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Finish Walkthrough. Select the direction control for the camera. On the Modify | Cameras tab.5. Walkthrough panel. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. The Options Bar changes. 10. 7. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point.Visualization . The camera is located on the final key frame. 9. Repeat for all the key frames. click Edit Walkthrough. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.

Click Edit Walkthrough. 2. Click Open.12. select Path. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. 13. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. The path displays control dots at key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. If camera positions distort. Check the view in several key frames. From the Controls list. Visualization s 391 . 3. On the Walkthrough panel. Edit the Walkthrough 1. click Next Key Frame.

Export the Walkthrough 1. 3. 4. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough.Visualization . Revit generates the external AVI file. File Name.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click Play. 2. click OK. The walkthrough plays in the view window. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. In the Length/Format dialog box. 2. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. In the Video Compression dialog box.rvt. Click Save. Click OK. On the application menu. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. notice where you save the file.

You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player.5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering. Plan your class time accordingly. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. 6.

In this exercise. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.7. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization . save the Revit Architecture file. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

you use: a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Questions 1. a. Save As > FBX c. False 2. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Assign materials. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Print to File b. s Export a DWG file. s Play a walkthrough. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Orient walls and windows. True b. Flip Orientation d. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. Split b. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Align c. you use: a. Export > FBX 3. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Apply shading to a view. s Export an FBX file. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. True b. s Export a walkthrough. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Demolish 2. View > Shading d. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Add planting components.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . you learn how to place structural columns. 4. 6. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams. 5. Review structural columns. (Student) Evaluate Students. beam systems.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 2. beams and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . The Datum panel enables you to place grids. and braces. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. foundations. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. In the following exercises.

posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.Structural . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams. and other structural elements will be located in a building. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. and other building objects. Knowing where structural members.Structural . 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . walls. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.

Create column grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Structural s 401 . you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Place beam systems and braces. After completing this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. and Language Arts.

The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. In this exercise. often mainly glass. 3. Structural columns can be steel. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. or concrete. Beams connect columns or walls. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. or reinforced concrete. On the View Control Bar. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. As with columns. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. They come in types defined by size and shape. Select a floor. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. Open Deck Framing. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . beams can be steel. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. wood. click Column > Structural Column. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.Structural . The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. this is known as post and beam construction.Hide Category. 1. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. In residential construction. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. spans without walls. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. wood. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. 2.

Structural s 403 . Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". click Depth. 3A. 6. In the Type Selector. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. On the Options Bar.4. 7. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 5. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 8. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. and 4B. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. On the View Control Bar.

rail. and columns clearly. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Place Beams 1. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Right-click. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .9. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". The columns are now hidden by the floors. Hold CTRL and select the two floors.Structural . 2. In the Project Browser. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Zoom in so you can see the deck. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click Hide In View > Element. 11. Click OK. Click OK. 10.

click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 5. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. In the Type Selector. 4. On the Structure tab. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Options Bar. select Chain.3. click Beam. Click. s In the view window. Structure panel.

Structural . On the Properties palette. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. Click Modify. 6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7.

Click Modify. 11. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.8.rvt. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Make Wall Bearing. Structural s 407 . 12. In this exercise. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. On the Properties palette. Click on grid intersection B4. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click OK. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Beam. Structure panel. Click. as shown. 9. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors.

3.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Sketch Beam System. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. click No.rvt. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. distance. you: s Place beam systems. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. click Pick Supports. Click the beam on Grid 1.Structural . On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Structure panel. click Beam System. Place Beam Systems 1. 2. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Structure tab. or number of beams in a bay. s Place braces. In this exercise. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Deck Beams. 4. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Open Plan View Deck Framing. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. The completed exercise 5.

Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. 7.6. Structural s 409 . as shown. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.

410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . On the Properties palette.8. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set Elevation to -0'-9". 10. On the Mode panel. click Line. click Finish (green check). Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Click Finish. On the Properties palette. click Create Similar. Click the beam on Grid 2. s s s On the Draw panel. 11.2". s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s 9. s s On the Draw panel. click Pick Supports. Trim as necessary. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .6". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.Structural . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.

click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. click Brace. 5. Create panel. 2. Adjust the view crop region as shown. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. In the Project Browser.Place Braces 1. It has an automatic work plane. On the View tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. unlike regular elevations. 4. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the View Control Bar. 3. Structure panel. as shown. Click to place the elevation. On the Structure tab. Structural s 411 .

7. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat the brace going right to left. Click Modify. 8. In the Type Selector. In the view window. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 9.Structural . to start the brace.6. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.

Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 .rvt. 11. In this exercise.10. s Placed braces.

2. but they can also be angular and radial. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. and section views. You can change a grid number at any time. Grid datasets. The exact location is not critical. Pull the cursor straight up. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. as shown. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. beams. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. s s In the view window. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. The numbering automatically increments.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.Structural . This is a common step early in designing a large building. In this exercise. elevation. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. and walls. Datum panel. The exact length is not critical. click Grid. In plan views.

Click to place a new grid line.3. 4. Structural s 415 . Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The Grid tool is still active.

You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. click Copy.Structural . Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. The new grid line is number 5. Grid 3 is already the selection set. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. The new grid line will be number 3. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s Select Grid Line 2. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Press ENTER. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Repeat to create grid line 4. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Click to start a grid line. click to place the grid line.5. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 6. close to the heads. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Pull the cursor to the right. 7. Enter A at the keyboard. Pull the cursor to the left. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Press ENTER. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point.

Click outside the bubble to enter the number.1. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. s Select grid 2. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. This completes the main grid. Structural s 417 . The Grid tool is still active. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.1 is still selected. On the grid line.8. 10. s Click to place the grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. 11. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Grid 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 9. s Click Copy. This grid line will be number B. Change the number to 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.

On the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit. The Grid tool is still active. set Offset to 15'-0".Structural . select Center-Ends Arc. enter 15. s Click to start the grid line. On the Home tab. 4.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. In the Radius field. On the Draw panel. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Click to place the grid head. Click in the new grid bubble. Press ENTER. 3. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. click Pick.000 o . To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Change the number to EE. s s Click grid intersection D3. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Create panel. click Grid. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Draw panel. click Radius.

Select grid 3 to show its controls.5. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 7. 6. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Drag it down below the radial grids. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click to place grid FF. Structural s 419 . Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. You will need to identify it easily.

s 10. click Create Similar. Press ENTER. Click to place the grid line.Pick Axis. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.Structural . To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. click Mirror .000. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Zoom to Fit. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s In this exercise. s Select grid 31. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Select grid 3. s Click grid intersection D3. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.rvt. Enter 31 to change the name. Click in the new grid bubble. 9. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 11.8. Revit will create grid 32.

2. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. click Column > Structural Column. you typically create a grid. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s 3. In this exercise. In the Type Selector. s Use a column grid to place beams. Structure panel. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural s 421 .Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Now you place columns at grid intersections. This is a steel column. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. As a result.

2. C and D. click At Grids. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A.s s On the Options Bar. B.Structural . click Finish. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 4. In the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. 4. set Height to Level 3. 6. 3. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 5.

Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Multiple panel. 2. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. columns. On the Multiple panel. click On Grids. Zoom to Fit. Structural s 423 . 4. Open Floor Plan Level 2.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 5. The grid. Window-select all the grid lines. click Beam. click Finish. 3. and beams will move to the right. Click Grid 1. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0".

window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. On the Quick Access toolbar. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 1. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. 3. click Undo. Open the Default 3D view. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 4. Columns and beams will move to the right.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. On the Multiple panel. click Isolated. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.Structural . 2. click No. click At Columns. In the view window. 6.

in the Type Selector. Structural s 425 . Click OK. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. s On the Properties palette.5. A warning displays. 7. To change the size of the footing. The footing had been placed at Level 1. 6. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Press ESC to clear the column selection. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing changes size. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Select the footing at the base of the extended column.

s Added footings to columns. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Changed a grid layout. Save and close the file.8. s Used a column grid to place beams. In this exercise.Structural .

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. spans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.

2. Column b. s Place braces. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Change a grid layout. Beam d. s Use a column grid to place columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. All of the above. s Add footings to columns. s Place beam systems. Brace c. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. True b. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.

When placing columns or beams. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. d. a. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Use grid lines and grid intersections. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 5. To change the height of a column. you: a. b. False 4. Flip Orientation d. c. True b. If you relocate a grid line. All of the above. A but not B. Stretch b.Structural . 3. To create a beam system. Select the type of beam or column to place. A and B. Pick points. d. 2. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. a. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . True b. you can: a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. c. Properties c.

Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.iteaconnect. CA Ronald A Williams. Starkweather . Poway. Susan Harrington .org Project Lead the Way. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Inc. Copyright s 431 . Milwaukee.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . WI Roger Dohm . Ltd. PE .Teacher. Randy Dymond. Poway High School. Mathematics. International Technology Education Association www. South Division High School. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Instructor. Smith .Executive Director.Director.

and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. 2010 Autodesk.. Autodesk Revit MEP. Published by: Autodesk. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. this publication. AutoCAD. INC. AutoCAD MEP.© 2010 Autodesk. All rights reserved.. All rights reserved. may not be reproduced in any form. AutoCAD Architecture. by any method. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Inc. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright .” AUTODESK. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Autodesk Revit Architecture. product names. for any purpose. Autodesk Inventor. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Inc. AutoCAD Civil 3D. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Trademarks Autodesk. Inc. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. All other brand names. Inc. INC. “AS IS. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. CA 94903. Inc. or parts thereof. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries.

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