Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch.When sketching walls. the display shows editable distances and angles. Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

furniture. section. windows.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. stairs. Other building elements such as doors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. floors. You can add building elements in plan. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . elevation. and 3D views.Software Tools . roofs.

In the two illustrations shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the illustration shown.While components are being sketched. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . If one is moved. the other will move as well.

In essence.If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Engineering. s Place a predefined Mass family. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. and Language Arts. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology. engineering. s Constrain placement of objects. Math (STEM).

roofs. you can create in-place masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. A designer.Software Tools . This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There are mass families available to load into a project. size. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or masses. walls. owner. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. and curtain systems. such as distance requirements from roadways. quickly. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and then converted into building components such as floors. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools .

Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . masses. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. walls. roofs. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. or within.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

engineering. s Explain the use of dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . s Recognize temporary dimensions. tags. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and symbol heads. Technology. and math standards. This lesson relates to science.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. legends. Engineering. and Language Arts. Annotation includes text notes. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Each symbol family file (*.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Software Tools . or angular. and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open and use ribbon tabs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Type Selector. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. technology. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Work with tool buttons. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Options Bar. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts.Software Tools . Math (STEM). engineering.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Engineering.

and rooms. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. doors. windows. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 . they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. beams. Some commands will not be active (that is. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. for instance.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. braces. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. and foundations. symbols. slabs. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and text. detailing. trusses. columns. Display and Navigation s 33 . structural walls.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. copy/paste.Software Tools . materials. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters. Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Save. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print. Open.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and groups.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. Legends.Software Tools . sheets. schedules. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. families. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. with four elevation markers visible. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. Windows panel on the ribbon. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. level of detail. A check mark indicates it is visible. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. rendering (in 3D views). The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. sun settings. and a selection filter counter at the far right end.Software Tools .The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. cropping. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. shadow display. visual style. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Control Bar View scale.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. but not at Coarse.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. To change the scale of a view. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.

Shaded. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. sun and shadow intensity. or by global location. which can be according to the view. Display and Navigation s 47 .The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. date and time. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . along with other display settings. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. These controls.

You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. To activate or open a view. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. View. Nine tabs are available: Home. Display and Navigation s 55 . expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Collaborate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Structure. Manage and Modify. Massing & Site. Insert. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Annotate.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window. When a context tab is active. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Display and Navigation s 57 . Options Bar. Properties Palette. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.Context Tabs. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. showing options that you can select while you are working.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Print. File Close only appears on the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Click a file name to open that file. Display and Navigation s 65 . Export. New File. On the right is a list of recently opened files. File Save. the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. such as File Open. and Publish.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

make the Home tab active. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. 2. To start a new project. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. The completed exercise 4. or click New > Project from the application menu. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Display and Navigation s 67 . Do this for other tabs. If you select the menu option. The panel titles display under the tab titles. 3. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. On the ribbon.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Panel Titles.

Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 7. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Cycle Through All. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.Software Tools . Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. you opened a project file. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Close the file without saving. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In this exercise. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. and then viewed. 6.5.

Open quick_start_building_elements.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Exercise 2. You worked on this file in Getting Started. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. 2. In the Project Browser.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.

6. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the walls. doors. On the Properties palette. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.Software Tools . The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Clear Walls and Doors. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click OK. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click the door in the upper left of the model. 8. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 7. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click any interior wall. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. . 4. and windows highlight blue.3. 5. You are selecting everything visible.

On the Properties palette.9. 12. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click any door. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 10. examined the menus and toolbars. Display and Navigation s 71 . 11. click Create panel > Create Similar. you opened a project file. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool.rvt. Place a door as shown. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.

s Load and place component families. s Work with Revit families. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Software Tools . either predefined or user-created. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. mechanical equipment). annotations. Pan. and elevation views by default. s Create a new in-place family. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Engineering. and Language Arts. and views. templates. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Component families include model objects (furniture. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. operating settings. floors). building elements (walls. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. drafting views. You can create sections. lines. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . display controls. and 3D views using the View menu. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. ceiling plan. Math (STEM). In the exercises. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Revit provides floor plan. schedules. System families include levels. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Technology.

technology. engineering. and math standards.This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

Use your keyboard to enter VV. There is no way to see everything in it. 2. Open Unit2_building_elements. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Click OK.rvt. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. is an extensive database. First. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. 3. VG also opens the dialog box. Rightclick in the view window. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit. The display changes. Clear the check mark next to Elevations.Software Tools . Four elevation markers are visible. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Click the Annotation Categories tab.Exercise: View Controls A building model. even a small one. There is also a copy in the course datasets.

select Ceiling Plan Level 1. so be sure to select them both. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Right-click. In the Project Browser. Select Detail Level: Medium. Select the roof outline. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. There are two parts to an elevation. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click Zoom In Region. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Click Open. 5. Right-click. click Detail Level. Enter ZF. 6. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit.4. On the View Control Bar. 7. Zoom to Fit.

click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 2. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .8. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Turn off visibility of the elevations. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. change the Underlay value to None. View Properties 1. doors and windows are not shown. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. as before. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. Enter VH. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. On the Properties palette.

All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Set the cut plane value to 7' . click Edit. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click Rename. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. and where the cut plane sits.3. enter Roof. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. 4. For Name. Click OK.0". Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Next to View Range. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . the ridge is now visible.

select Shadows On. 4. select Shading with Edges. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 3. In the dialog box that opens. In the Presets list. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Winter Solstice. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Open Elevation view South. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 5. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box.Graphic Display Options 1. Set the time to 9:30 am. Accept the location that activates. select Still.Software Tools . under Solar Study. 2. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. In this exercise.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The elevation shadows update.

Open Unit2_views. roofs. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 3. There are system families. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. and floors. Doors are considered standard family entities. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. or stand-alone (for example. walls. windows. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. is predefined within Revit. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. These components are called families and there are several different types.Software Tools . and use a Revit family to place a door. and so on.rvt. and furniture. furniture. Additionally. and annotations are examples of standard families. or institutional structures. Doors. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. lights. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. you open an existing project file. railings. 2. floors. such as levels. On the Home tab. Build panel. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. doors and windows are dependent on walls). You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. s A system family. commercial. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. This exercise illustrates how you locate. and families in place. load. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You add closet doors to interior walls. windows. furniture). In Revit. standard families. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and place Revit families.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. click Door.

Project files have a file extension of *.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Furniture. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Tag panel. If you highlight a door family.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. You click to place an instance of the door family. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Click Open. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Locate Double Panel 2. 5. Click the Doors folder. It has a number of different sizes defined. Accept the default size. s s 6. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. and Annotation. The Door Insertion tool stays active. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.rfa. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. 4.rvt. As you move your cursor near any wall. Family files have a file extension of *. Click Open.

loaded. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Place an instance of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family. 9. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Place two more instances of the door as shown. but not strongly. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.Software Tools . It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. simply click it. you located. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. 8.7.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.

4. Open Unit2_doors_walls. For Name. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and create an in-place family. The required width is not available. click Duplicate. This door needs to be 48" wide. Click OK. 5. you open an existing project file. 3. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the double door as shown.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 .

The door updates. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates.Software Tools . enter Hall Clock. Click OK.6. 2. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. On the Home tab. 3. 5. On the Properties palette. Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Build panel. is to create a component family in place. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. select Generic Models. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 4. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 1. click Component > Model In-Place. For Name. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. In the dialog box.

Revit will display . 10. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. The family model updates. On the Draw panel. Click OK. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 9. 11. as shown. 7.rvt. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. and placed a door family. You have created the base of the clock. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.4" as shown.2". Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . loaded. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. click Rectangle. In this exercise. 8. 13.0' 2". 12. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model.6. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . you located.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.Software Tools . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is binary math.

tab. s Adjust Visual Style Options. b. The tool shown is used to: a. Spin the model in 3D space. depending on the template selected. s Change type properties of a family. s Change view properties. To activate a view: a. s Access. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. 6. True b. True b. Create a 3D perspective view. False 3. c. d. a. True b. Right-click. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Zoom to the entire model. False 2. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. c. s Change view displays. c. Views can be renamed. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Zoom in Region is used to: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . b.Software Tools . Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Questions 1. a. False 5. s Open different views. True b. a. load. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Go to View > View Name in the menu. False 4. and Options Bar. 7. Turn on Shadows. a. Each project has several predefined views. Either a or b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. d. and place a family from a library. context tabs. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Create an in-place model family. d. b. All content tools are located on the ribbon. and click Open.

8. Families 11. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . All of the above. Blocks c. A family created within a project is called ________________. depending on settings 9. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. windows. Project Browser d. Scroll d. Pan and Zoom b. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Properties palette 10. a. Parts d.) are called: a. System c. In-Place d. etc. Standard b. Multiview b. a. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Rotate c.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 6. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 7. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 9. 4. 2. s Set project units. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create labels. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. s Duplicate and modify views. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 5. s Create a project template.

colors. and the settings that are preset within them. defining the layers. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.org. Engineering. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. should be used.Standards and Building Codes .org. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and Language Arts. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Explain why templates are used.aia.aias. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. colors. Visit the AIA website at www. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and so forth. Many cities and counties have their own rules. linetypes. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Technology. linetypes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. based on the AIA standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Visit the AIAS website at www. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.

engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

For example. one window. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. A garage must be completely enclosed. the number being its numerical value. defined and adopted by convention. it must have at least one door. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. otherwise it is considered a carport. a garage.Standards and Building Codes . 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . windows. doors. a bathroom. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. If there is a fire. it cannot be called a bedroom. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. and so on. A unit is a particular physical quantity.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and one closet. If it lacks any of these components. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. like mechanical drawing. and so on. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state.

its value is expressed in the unit meter. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.For example. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Another method is to apply dual notation. such as room size and wall height. unit symbol ft. in the United States. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. or imperial. also known as the International System of Units. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 555 ft.. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. glass. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system.. is 169 m. Here h is the physical quantity. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. using imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. In architectural drafting. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and other materials. However. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. the construction industry still uses the English. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. unit symbol m.

every 1/8" would represent 1'. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.Standards and Building Codes .5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . line weight and pattern.) 8.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and viewports. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".Scales are ratios. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. one value representing another value. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Each size is designated by a letter. sheets. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. In Revit Architecture. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.

elevators. The integers go from 0 to 9. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).a modified version of the AIA standard. notes Demolition. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. and then add a title block or other symbols. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. temporary Schedules Sections. site plan.01. symbols. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . You create and position views.01. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.

fonts. The paper is oriented landscape. the electrician. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. that is. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the author of the drawing. For example. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Typically. and so on. the date drawn.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. and other relevant information. annotation plot sizes. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and layer standards. The column is divided into sections. followed by information on the building's owner. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.Standards and Building Codes . You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The next space is for tracking revisions. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Usually. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. so that the height is less than the width. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. drawing scales. the HVAC company. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space.

required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . title blocks. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. layer settings. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. and so forth.

Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Engineering.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and walls. These can be used to build your model. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. views.Standards and Building Codes . dimension styles. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.

and math standards. engineering. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

factory. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. or store. Select a Template 1. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. you create a new project file using a template. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Condominiums. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Open Revit to an empty project file.Standards and Building Codes . 2. click New > Project.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. On the application menu. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. apartments. In the New Project dialog box. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. click Browse. you use templates as starting points. In Revit. 3. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit.

Settings s 103 . you started a new project file using a standard template. 6. saving set up time. 5. Click OK.4. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. In this exercise. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Select the Residential-Default. click Close to close this project without saving. Click Open. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. On the application menu.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

Press ESC to cancel the wall. click Wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Click to start a new wall. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. In the Project Browser. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. 2. expand Floor Plans under Views. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. In the courseware datasets folder.Standards and Building Codes . The Wall tool remains active. the drawing setup options are preset. Build panel. open ADA__Settings.rvt. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Pull the cursor to the right. The file opens to a 3D view. In this exercise. 3.

) 6. In this exercise. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Settings s 105 . you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 7. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Press ESC to cancel the wall. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.4. click to start a new wall. 5. Click Format for Length. 8. and move the cursor right. s Set Unit symbol to m. Close the file without saving. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Place the cursor over the left wall. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.

Click OK. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. temporary and permanent. On the Properties palette. dimensions not only display. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Dimension panel. click Edit Type. 4. but also control the size and location of objects. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. create. On the Annotate tab. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open ADA_Dimensions. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. enter Big Text. click Duplicate. 2. 1. 3. By default. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. For Name. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. click Aligned.Standards and Building Codes . Temporary dimensions display when you select.rvt. or insert components. there are two types of dimensions.

The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 6. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. left. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Text Size to 3/16". The Dimension tool is still active.5. 7. s Click OK twice. Select the top. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. and bottom horizontal walls. Settings s 107 . Click to place.

you opened an existing file. Close the file without saving. Click to place the dimension. The Dimension tool stays active. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.8. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. 9. and far right vertical walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . s s s Select the far left. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. In this exercise. created a new dimension style. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan.rvt. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the datasets folder. These are annotations. There are no annotations visible. In order to do this. Right-click. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Settings s 109 . 3. Notice the door and window tags. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 2.

8. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. click Project Information. On the Manage tab. In the Project Browser. In the Project Browser. Click Rename. 1.Standards and Building Codes . Settings panel. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .4. 6. 7. Model Categories tab. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click OK. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Double-click to open it. Click OK to update the display of this view. 5. 9.

You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. click Edit. Rightclick. 2. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Settings s 111 . or supply your own values: Click OK.Add a Sheet 1.) 3. 3. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Enter the address as shown. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also enter the address of your school. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. 2. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click OK.

Next. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. In the Identity Data and Other sections.4. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Notice the change to the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Click Apply. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.Standards and Building Codes . Add a View to the Sheet 1. 5.

2. Select the new viewport. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Right-click in the view.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Right-click. Settings s 113 . Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Add View to Sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Click Activate View. 3. Select Deactivate View.

of the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. The view updates on the sheet. Close the file without saving. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. deselect it. Place the cursor 7. 6. s Placed a view on the sheet. Finish the move.5. s Added a sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. you: select it. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . The Scale updates in the title block. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise.

Start Revit Architecture. A copy of the 11 x 8.5. 3. It opens to the Recent Files window. Settings s 115 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). On the application menu. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 2.rft.5 title block template opens. click New > Titleblock. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8. 4. This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Landscape. Right-click. click Save to save the title block. s Accept the Sample Value. 14. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Accept the Sample Value. Click Zoom to Fit. select Drawn By. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. In this exercise. you created a title block using a template file. 12. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Accept the Sample Value. 13. Add a label for Sheet Number. 10. Add a label for Checked By. Save the title block as A . 15.rfa. click Close. s Click Add. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. On the Quick Access toolbar. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 11. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom.9.

click New to create a new project using the default template. In the Recent Files window. you create a new project file. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Highlight the title block and click OK. On the View tab. 4. 3. Insert a Title Block 1. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 5. Click Open. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. The title block appears in the graphics window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. 2. Locate your title block. Settings s 125 . A new sheet has been added and is the current view. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise.

Select the title block. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 5. s For Checked By. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 6. On the Manage tab. s For Drawn By. enter your instructor's name. Click OK. On the Properties palette.Standards and Building Codes . 2. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Settings panel. 3. Click OK. 4. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. you a created a new project file.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter Student Project Unit 3. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter your name. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. click Project Information.

and slope angle. and geometry from the template. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 1. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. In the New Project dialog box. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and the units for your custom template. 3. angles. you create a new project file. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and then load them like families. click New > Project. in addition to predefined wall types. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. including how the rendered image looks. select Project Template. There are various settings you can define for your template. Create a Template In this exercise. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Click OK. On the Insert tab. On the application menu. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. a dimension style. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. you define the title block. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. settings. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. In this exercise. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. such as 3D and plan views. 2. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions.

Click OK. 8. Set the units for the template. 9. create a Dimension Style. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Settings panel > Project Units. Click OK twice. For Name.Standards and Building Codes . Click the Length field in the Format column. enter 3/16" Verdana. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. 10.Landscape. You create a custom dimension style. 5. On the Manage tab. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Open the title block A . 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 7.rfa. 6. On the Annotate tab. There will be no visible change. Next.4.

On the Properties palette. Click New Sheet. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Click OK.11. 15. In the Project Browser. 12.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Change the following settings as shown: 13. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 129 . Select the A . select Sheets (All). Rightclick. Click OK. 14. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.

and units that you defined. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 17. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. The title block updates. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rte. Click OK. You can use this template for future projects. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . as well as dimension style and units. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. title block. Save the file name as A-English template. Save your project template in your class project folder.16.

s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. are constantly being developed by the building industry. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. abstract format. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. or new combinations of existing materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .

defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. S. 1:24 d. s Create labels. s Create a title block. NCTM d.Standards and Building Codes . NCSESA 2. A unit 4. A. s Change dimension colors. a. P. True b. AIA b. Metric d. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .02 d.05 c. s Change lineweight. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". 1:3 b. s Create dimensions. dimension styles. s Create text. UBC c. and symbols used in drawing? a. is defined as what? a. 1:12 c. General Questions 1. English c. False 3. a. s Create a text style. s Create a dimension style. Using AIA Standards. 1:32 5. A particular physical quantity. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create a template. An architect b. A.02 b. a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.

To change the scale of a view. True b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. dimensions snap to: a. False 6. By default. Wall midpoints d. a. Wall faces b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Application menu > Properties b. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Application menu > New > Sheet b. you click: a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. In Revit Architecture. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. To create a new sheet. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False 4. Point offsets 3. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. False Summary/Questions s 133 . True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Wall centerlines c. a. To set the units in a project.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Align walls. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. 4. 2. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . Lesson Plan 1.

you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. After completing this lesson. their construction and materials. and protect its interior spaces. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . them. List the different types of occupancy. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or filling in between. separate.Walls . Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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a dashed line displays.3. Walls s 151 . Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Select the Single Line option.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . To modify a dimension. 5. It will not print. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Enter 10. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Stud. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action. Expand the Type Selector list. indicating wall length. click it to open an edit field. After you create the wall. 4. Click to set the endpoint. Clear the Chain option.Brick on Mtl. the dimension updates incrementally. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. As you continue to move the cursor. an angular dimension displays. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.

152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Depending on your zoom in the view. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall.Walls . Click the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. On the View Control Bar. Press ENTER. the controls may sit on top of one another. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. 7. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Modify to stop placing walls. enter 7. click the Detail Level icon. The wall does not show any internal detail. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click to start the next wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. 8. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Select panel. Create panel. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen.6. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. click Create Similar.

Click alignment line to finish the wall segment.9. 10. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Because you drew the wall from up to down. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. release the mouse button to set a new length. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. an alignment line displays. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Notice that two dimensions display. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Walls s 153 . Click Modify. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Select the right vertical wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Also. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. no matter where you move the cursor.

When using the Chain option. 14. 15. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Right-click. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. This is the same as clicking Modify.11. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Home tab. 12. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line.Walls . Click Cancel. click Wall. 16. Build panel. Repeat. Select the lower vertical wall. Sketch the walls as shown. 13. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays.

Walls s 155 . Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.rvt. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Save the project as Unit4_walls. After clicking the second end. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click Modify. 19.18. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Create Similar again. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Clear the Chain option. 20. 17.

align. and extend walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections.Walls . trim.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Only part of the wall highlights. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. To do this. You now remove the upper right corner. you first split the walls at the intersections. 2. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .rvt from the previous exercise. 3. fillet. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. This exercise illustrates how to split. Split Walls 1. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Click Modify. Do the same for the vertical wall. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Both split walls are shown below. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 4.

click Delete.Fillet Walls 1. You can also click the flip control. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. On the Options Bar. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. This is how you create rounded wall corners. If you make a mistake. click Undo and repeat the steps. 2. click Create Similar. 4. On the Modify | Walls tab. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Walls s 157 . Modify panel. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Select any wall. Enter 5'. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 5. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 3. Click Fillet Arc. Create panel. On the Modify | Wall tab. select Radius. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation.

Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 2. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. select Basic Wall: Interior .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.Walls . Place an interior wall as shown. You align the wall in the next steps. 1. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Wall tool is still active. 3. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.

Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. such as location lines. The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.4. You can lock the alignment. Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. clear Chain. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Walls s 159 . The Wall Trim Tool 1.

5. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will be the border. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 6. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 2.Walls . 3. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 4. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. The length is not critical. The walls can cross. Select the vertical wall as shown. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.s Move the cursor to the left and click.

Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. align. In this exercise.rvt. and trim. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. fillet.

On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. 2. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 1.Walls . A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. and vary in cost. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. satisfy different requirements. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The Modify tool is active by default. click Edit Type. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 3.

To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click the arrow at the right. Every layer of a wall. click Edit in the Structure value field.4. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. s Click the number of Layer 3. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 8. Add two additional layers to the wall. 6. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To edit the structure of the wall. Walls s 163 . When you are finished. 5. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click Down twice. For Name. the wall structure should be as shown. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. enter 8" Insulated Stud. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Click Insert twice. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click Up. has a Function you can edit. except Core Boundary. 7. Click OK.

Exterior . 13. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 12. which displays plan or section views. 11. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Material.9. 10. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s Click the icon that appears at the right. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Set the Material to Wood . Modify the Function.Walls . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Material to Finishes . select Finishes .Stud Layer.

You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 16. Click Apply to update the view. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. expand the Families branch.14. 15. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. 17. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Walls s 165 . select Medium. From the Detail level list.

From the Type Selector list. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. defined a new wall structure. You opened an existing file. 19.Walls . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 20. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click 8" Exterior. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud.

The file is in the courseware datasets folder. 2. The completed exercise Walls s 167 .Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. a structural mid-section. for example. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. and a decorated interior surface. wood rails. The model opens in a 3D view. In this exercise. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Select one of the Exterior . a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You can define a wall type with these elements. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Stud walls as shown. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top.rvt. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. such as a weatherproof outside surface.Brick on Mtl. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. 3. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.

Click Split Region. 5. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view.4. Wall structures are Type Properties. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. in the Structure value field. When you split a layer. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. or you will lose your changes. 8. As indicated in the dialog box title. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 7. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. the new regions assume the same material as the original. You can split regions into other regions. highlight one of the borders. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. To define the structure of the wall. If not already expanded. In this exercise. 6. To split a layer or region horizontally. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. so all instances of this type change. 2. You can set the sample height to any value. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer.Walls . To split a layer or region vertically. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You change the type. 1. into regions. You can assign different materials to regions. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. click Edit. either horizontally or vertically.

Click to split the region into two parts. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. The upper split disappears. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Click to merge them. Click Merge Regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click to merge the two layers. 2. 3.Brick layer. assign Layer 1. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. 1. Walls s 169 . Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . 4. Prehighlight a border between regions. In this case. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. When you merge regions.3. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. After merge. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.

You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 3. you assign the material Masonry Brick . to the next parallel line. In the Edit dialog box. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Click again to return to the original position. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.Walls . Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Click the temporary dimension text. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . indicating that it is modifiable. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 2. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Next. The dimension text turns blue. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 1. To create a new wall layer. click Modify. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. After a region is split. 3. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". If you set the split offset down from the top. instead of down. Change the value to 12. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 4. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. 1. Click Insert. s Select the split line. Press ENTER. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 2. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.

it highlights in blue in the preview window. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. When a layer is selected in the table. Click Assign Layers.4. 7. because it is now the selected layer. Close the file without saving. 8. In this exercise. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 6. Change the Material to Masonry . as shown. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. The preview changes appearance. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. All walls of this type have been changed. Click OK.Brick Soldier Course layer. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Merge Region. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. It immediately highlights in blue. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Walls s 171 . 5. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Modify. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Click OK. 9. It also shows a thickness value. Split Region.Brick Soldier Course. and Insert Layer tools. 10.

Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. installed. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.Walls . 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and insulation. ducting. earth.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. piping. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . Custom types and sizes can also be built. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building. but also the natural lighting. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the ventilation.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values.

and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.Doors and Windows . The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. if there is no other escape route. An unobstructed opening of 5. ft.7 sq. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . must be provided by the window being used as an egress.

Math (STEM). and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Doors and Windows s 187 . and how to position. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. windows. engineering. In this unit.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. how to load additional door and window families. you learn how to place doors and windows. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Copy windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. technology. and math standards. and copy these elements. s Center a door in a wall. This lesson relates to science. and furniture are defined in family files. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. move. Technology.

Once a door is placed. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. or 3D view. Add Doors 1. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. 2. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. On the Home tab. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. To flip the door.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. the door swing would be to the left side. To reverse the swing. Build panel. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. click Door. elevation view. When placing doors in a plan view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.Doors and Windows . move the cursor to the right side of the wall. 3. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. In other words. This can be done in a plan view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.

except for the Type Selector. Select the door Double-Panel 2. 2. Doors and Windows s 189 . This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. walls. Click Open. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.Load Families 1. In order to keep file size small. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. With the Door command active. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". 3. Mode panel. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. and windows into project files. From the Type Selector list. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. on the Modify | Place Door tab.rfa. click Load Family. The display does not change.

Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. From the Type Selector.Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5.

Remember. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Place instances of single doors as shown. or by using the swing control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. change a temporary dimension. Do not add the dimensions.6. If you place a door in the wrong location.

Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. elevation view. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. When placing windows in a plan view. From the Type Selector. click Modify and select the window. the outside of the window is to the left side. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Add Windows 1. 2.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. To reverse the window after performing another operation. click Window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Windows have exterior and interior sides. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . approach the wall from the right side. or 3D view. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Open Unit5_doors. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Build panel. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. You can place windows in a plan view. On the Home tab. To reverse the window immediately after placing it.

Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. In this exercise. placed doors. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 5. Place seven more windows as shown. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .3. You do not need to add dimensions. 4.Doors and Windows .rvt. and placed windows. loaded a door family. Window tags do not number in sequence. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. you opened an existing project.

constrain it to be centered in a wall.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Dimension panel. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. s Align and modify walls. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 2. On the Annotate tab. you open an existing project file. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 3. place a door. 4. wall. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. and modify the wall. click Aligned. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door.rvt. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. and so on. 1. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.

The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. This means that if one wall shifts. 2. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here.Doors and Windows . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. 6. The door changes location.s s s s Click the left wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click it and it changes as shown. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the center of the door. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the lock icon to enable it. The walls are now aligned. Notice the symbol. Align Walls 1. 5. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the right wall. Select the upper wall first.

Doors and Windows s 197 . Dimensions display below it. The walls shift and remain aligned.) The dimension value is now shown. 5. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.4. Clear the EQ Display value. Change the dimension to 16. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Right-click. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.

rvt.Doors and Windows . 7. you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.6. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click.

Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 1. Doors and Windows s 199 .rvt. especially if there are many different types. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. 2. 4. Create panel. click Create Similar. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3.

2. 3. On the Modify | Windows tab. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Modify panel. Select the window you just placed.Copy Windows 1. 4. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.Doors and Windows . click Copy. The window is copied. The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Click Zoom to Fit. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. 6. In this exercise. Right-click.rvt.

heat. cold. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. flat glass is a recent invention. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Custom 3. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 30" c. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. If a room is used for sleeping. Standard b. 28" b. s Position a door or window. 40" d. s Align a door or window. General Questions 1. 32" d. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. False 2. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. a. 32" b. a. s Place a window. you learned to: s Place doors. 36" c. s Copy a door or window. 34" 4. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building.

Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Load c.Doors and Windows . True b. a. Select the door. Duplicate d. True b. The center snap 7. Link c. c. 6.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the location of a door or window. you use ________. Load from Library b. you: a. False 2. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Right-click. Copy 8. you use: a. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. A reference plane b. Offset c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. b. Select the door. Clone b. d. 4. d. To center a door or window in a wall. a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Use door grips to reposition. Select the door. a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. b. c. Click Flip Direction. True b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click Door Properties. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. a. Select the door. Insert d. Properties 3. False 5. Door and window tags are placed automatically.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 6. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify stair boundaries.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Review stairs and railings. s Create railings. 5. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . you will be able to: s Create stairs.

List the different stair types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. After completing this lesson. stair and railing types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. engineering. This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Then. Once the actual riser height is determined. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. such as ice and snow. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.Stairs and Railings .

Due to building code. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. This saves space when changing direction. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.

Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

The riser and run values update accordingly. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Technology. of certain horizontal depth or run. s Create U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings . Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. U-shaped stairs. s Add a railing. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. This lesson relates to technology. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. You create stairs in a plan view. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. As you move the cursor. and math standards. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . L-shaped runs with a landing. You can define straight runs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. and spiral stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. which includes elevators. and stairs. ramps. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Modify stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Engineering. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. or tread. engineering. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. For safety reasons. or vertical circulation. In multistory buildings. and Language Arts. Math (STEM).

The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. you create stairs using a straight run. From the courseware datasets folder. On the Properties palette. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.rvt. This file is in metric units. Stairs and Railings s 217 .change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. This enables you to place the stairs properly. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.

These tools are used to define your stairs. 5.4. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. On the Home tab. Run is preselected. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. click Stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Click OK to close the dialog box. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . You can define either a straight run or a circular run. In this case. Circulation panel. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. you create a straight run.

You can also enter a distance of 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. As you move the cursor up. 9. You can continue to move the cursor up. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. If you have not fully created the run. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 10. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. select Finish (green check). The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. On the Mode panel. 7. Revit displays the number of risers you created. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400.6. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. and then click to define the run of stairs. To change the run dimension. 8. Select this intersection point to start your run.

You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. To avoid overwriting the original file.rvt. In this exercise. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click application menu > Save As > Project. 13. you created and placed a straight run stair. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.11. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. and switched to a 3D view.Stairs and Railings . 12.

Edit panel. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Activate view Floor Plans. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Level 1. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. 2. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. On the Modify tab. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. The stair is not centered on the landing. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. click Align.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.rvt.

You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the stairs. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view. The Align command remains active. On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings . Click the center of the wall first. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.4. 5. If you have a scroll mouse. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . from the Prefer list. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Take time to make the selections correctly.

s Click OK. Change Width to 1350. and Dimensions subsections. s Click Duplicate. expand Sections (Building Section). As you prehighlight them. s For Name. 8. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. 7.6. railings were created with the stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Hover the cursor over the railing. enter Lobby Stairs. click Edit Type. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. On the Properties palette. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Select the stairs. Graphics. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 9.

Lobby Stair View.Stairs and Railings . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.10. Select both railings.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.

click Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. 14. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Mode panel. 13. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Click it to select it.12. Next. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Delete this line. you change the shape of the stairs. The railings change. s Zoom in on the stairs. The stair changes to the run sketch. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.

226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Modify panel. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Boundary. 17. To place the second arc endpoint. 16. Click to place the arc.15. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. click the left end of the top riser. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click Modify. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.Stairs and Railings . Click StartEnd-Radius arc. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 18. 19. On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.

select the endpoint of the left boundary. Click CenterEnds-Arc. the arc center point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. 20. For the third point. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. click Riser. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Stairs and Railings s 227 . On the Draw panel. This will define a rounded first step. First. The left boundary will be mirrored.21. Next.

On the Mode panel. 23. click Finish. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise.rvt. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results. You also modified the properties of a railing. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22.

This is typically done in plan view. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. In this case. Select the right side railing. you sketch the plan view path. Zoom into the landing area as shown. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. The completed exercise To create a railing. Therefore. 2. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you need to define a path for the railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 .rvt from the previous exercise. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. For simple railings. Click Modify. 3. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise.

Then. select Chain. 7. s s On the Options Bar. You do not need to add dimensions. 5. on the Modify | Railings tab. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Once the railing is selected. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. The dimensions are shown as a guide. click Line. Mode panel. click Edit Path. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.4. On the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. edit the temporary dimension. To set the exact distance. 6. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Delete your lines and try again. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.rvt. you used sketch tools to create a railing. 9. In this exercise.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 8.

set the Offset value to 850. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Work Plane panel. s On the Home tab. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. 2. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Options Bar. Create a Reference Plane 1. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . you create a reference plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. In a floor plan view. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1.rvt from the previous exercise.

3. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Dark Gray. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . click Stairs. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Properties palette. Click Edit Type. Click OK twice. Click OK. Circulation panel. 4. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 .s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 6. 5. Pull the cursor straight up. enter Exit Stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Matte 2.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. For Name. change the Width parameter to 900. To start sketching the run.

7. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer to the right. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to place the first run. enter 1925. Press ENTER. 8. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 9. with none remaining to be created. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.Stairs and Railings .

it is because you have overlapping lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. you select Continue to return the sketch. 2. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Click Finish Stairs again. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Remove the additional lines. but they are hidden behind walls.10. click Finish Stairs. You want to inspect your stairs. If you get an error message. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Stairs and Railings s 235 . On the Stairs panel. Use Hide/Isolate 1. To remove the lines. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. On the View Control bar. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. 11.

Click Zoom to Fit in the view. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. On the View Control Bar. Reset the Display 1. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. In this exercise. 6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. The exterior walls reappear. This is a multistory stair. 5.Stairs and Railings . Finally. 3. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. The walls are now hidden. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. and to create a U-shaped stair. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. Zoom in to see your stairs. 2.3. you learned to create a reference plane. On the Properties palette. 4. Select the stairs so they highlight.

ramps.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. and elevators.

Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They cost less. and deliver riders without wait time. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Stairs and Railings . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Include landings as required by your local building code. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. smoke guards. this openness makes them fire hazards. but they can also be highly decorative.

False Summary/Questions s 239 . A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. s Modify stair boundaries. 36" d. 25 degrees b. s Create railings. 40" 4. General Questions 1. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. False 2. 90 degrees d. a. 30" b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. you learned to: s Create stairs. 32" c. 180 degrees 3. 45 degrees c. True b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. a. and all treads should be the same run.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. b.

False 6. a. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. risers and treads. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. risers 3. Circle 4. Home b. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. Line b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Pick New Host b.Stairs and Railings . Align Railing d. a. risers b. Boundary lines. Insert 2. True b. Attach Railing c. Railings. Run. True b. Arc d. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Treads. Manage d. riser lines c. you use the _______ option. Rectangle c. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Modify c. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . riser d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. that is. Fasten Railing 5.

s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 8.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 9. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 3. s Place fascia.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. s Place gutters. Review of roof types. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 5. (Student) 7.

After completing this lesson. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. roof types. Identify the different roof types. run. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch of a sloped roof. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Calculate the rise. It addresses roof construction. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. gutters. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. tiles. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.Roofs . and downspouts.

s Rake: The inclined. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. and Language Arts. Technology. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. and math standards. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. engineering. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Math (STEM). Engineering. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

texture. are designed for shedding water and snow. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. durability. both low and steep. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and low maintenance roofing material. Sloped roofs. texture. You can use them for many different applications. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and color. About Roofs s 245 . resulting in at least one textured face. These are used more often on upscale homes. and if visible. snow. brands. and if visible. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. They come in several types. and sunlight.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. the roofing pattern. maintenance. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. as well as how effective a shelter it is. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. the roofing pattern. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. durability. rot. fire-resistant. and sun. resistance to wind and fire. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. and colors. resistance to wind and fire. maintenance.

s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. consider such factors as cost. Unfortunately. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). treatment for insects. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. and require little maintenance. fiberglass. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. When choosing the insulation for your job. reinforced plastic. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. odor. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. durable. galvanized steel. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. They are fire-resistant. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. and insulating capability (R-value). A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. special characteristics (for example.Roofs . A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. quality. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. Therefore. zinc alloy. and so forth). If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. galvanized steel. This same roof on a clear. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. or corrugated structural glass.

and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . but the two sides are not symmetrical. and span. The run value is typically equal to 12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. run. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.

7-12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof. 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 and 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. and pitch is noted as a fraction.Roofs . 7 on 12.

s Place gutters. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Once you create a roof. water. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. dormers. you can add gutters. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. often supporting a gutter. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. snow. or ice. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or eaves. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Create a roof fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. Roofs s 255 .Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. or roof overhangs. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. To create a roof by face. soffits. s Create a hip roof. and fascia. s Assign roof structure and materials. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Create various roof types. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.

Engineering. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts.Roofs . To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM).

. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK to continue. 4. 3. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . select the Name option. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. the top of the roof profile is sketched. To create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box.rvt. you create an extruded roof. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. 2. Open ADA_Roofs. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration.

select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 2. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. click Line. On the Work Plane panel. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.5. click Ref Plane. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 3. The section view should display as shown. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Draw panel. In the Go To View dialog box.Roofs . s Use the image below for guidance. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. select Section: Section 1. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Click Open View. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Before sketching the roof's profile. 6. Drawing Reference Planes 1.

Roofs s 259 . s Click the EQ toggle. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Select the new dimension. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify.6. 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using the image below for guidance. Using a positive offset value. sketch from right to left along the Level line.

Roofs . Click Modify. 3. click Chain. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 2. click Finish (green check).Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. The name displays when you select the reference plane. click Line. Click OK. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Right-click. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 1. for Name. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 7. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 4. 6. 5. On the Properties palette. you can label them. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Horizontal. s On the Options Bar. On the Mode panel.

8. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view.12" type. Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

3. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. On the Modify tab. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Using the images for guidance. click Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 1. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. This is a two-step process. Select the edge of the roof as shown.Roofs . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. carefully select the far right roof edge. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Edit Geometry panel.

the vertical walls extrude through the roof.4. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Modify Wall panel. On the Options Bar. Select both walls. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select the roof. In the Project Browser. To select both walls together. 3. Roofs s 263 . However. select Attach Wall: Top. 2. Trim Walls 1. open the view Sections: Section 1. click Attach: Top/ Base.

5.4. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Switch to a 3D view.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. In this exercise. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. The roof now looks correct.

from existing walls. Click Yes. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Unit7_first_roof. Because you are in a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed. so you look straight down as in a plan. The inner loops define openings in the roof. by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint. select Garage Roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Build panel. The footprint sketch is created at 2. On the Home tab. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. From the drop-down list. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 4. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 3. 1. In this exercise.

The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch.0". Use the image below for guidance. If you place a line on the wrong side. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s On Options Bar. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. click Pick Walls. 6. clear the Defines slope option. select the vertical wall on the left. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8.5.Roofs . Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 7. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Next. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. click Defines Slope.

the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. To complete the roof. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. change the value to 6"/12". Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. click Yes. Click the 9"/12" text. click Finish. 3. 1. The new roof displays. 2. defining lines separately. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Change this value to 6"/12". Select the left slope defining line. Roofs s 267 .Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Other controls also display. By default. Click Modify. Select the right side roof line. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. It becomes an editable field. That value displays next to the slope arrow.

rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.Roofs .4. 5. In this exercise. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.

On the Options Bar. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Clear Defines Slope. 2.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. On Home tab. The file opens to a 3D view. To chain-select all of the walls. Roofs s 269 . click to select them. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. 4. 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. set the overhang to 1' 0". Build panel. When all of the walls prehighlight.

As an alternate. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Zoom into the chimney area. On the Options Bar.Roofs . you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.Create a Roof Opening 1. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. On the Draw panel. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. click Rectangle. Using the image for guidance. 2. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 4. Right-click.

6. 5. 4. Select the uppermost. As in the previous exercise. On the Options Bar. 3. select the Defines Slope. Select the left lower horizontal line. On the Options Bar. select Defines Slope. The slope indicator displays. click Yes. Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. horizontal line. Click Modify. Click Finish. 2. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.

8. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise.rvt. attached walls.Roofs . and chimney penetration. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.

The file should open to a 3D view. Select the three walls shown in the image. Zoom into the area shown. you create a hip roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Create the Roof 1. Select Defines Slope. Build panel.0". 2. 3. 5. set Overhang to 2' . Roofs s 273 . 4. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. The completed exercise On the Home tab.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise.

3. 6. Raise the Roof 1. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. s On the Draw panel. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D View.0".Roofs . Click OK. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Click Finish to complete the roof. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Right-click the ViewCube. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . you use the Line tool. 2. click Line. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. In addition. To close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope.7. On the Properties palette.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .rvt. In this exercise. you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall.

click Line.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. On the Draw panel. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 5. 7. 3. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. Roofs s 277 . you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 6. click Pick Walls. Create a Shed Roof 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 2. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".

Click Modify. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 9. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 10. 11. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 12. On the Properties palette.Roofs . Set the Offset to 0' 0". Right-click the line. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch.8. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the lower.

rvt. Switch to a 3D view. 16. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. 18.14. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 17. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 15. Roofs s 279 .

Roofs . you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. On the Properties palette. Open the Default 3D view. You see four levels defined in the model. Activate the view North Elevation. On the menu bar. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 4. 3. select Level 3. 2. Cutoff Level list. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 5. Select the Roof. The roof updates.rvt.

set the slope value to 3"/12". you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Switch to a 3D View. Roofs s 281 . 10. select Defines Slope. Zoom and spin to see your model. To set the slope for the new roof. In this exercise. On the Draw panel. Finish the Roof. 7.rvt. 8. 13. On the Options Bar. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 12. 11. on the Properties palette. 9. Select the inner rectangle as shown. On the Home tab.6. click Pick Lines. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. Open Floor Plan: Level 3.

3.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. thereby reducing energy consumption.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. In the Type Selector. 1.rvt. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view.Roofs . 2. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Select the main roof over the house. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

click Edit Type. Click Insert to add a layer.Define a Roof Structure 1. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. s Click OK. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Select the roof over the garage. 2. For Structure Value. click Edit. 4. Select Layer 2 as shown. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. enter Clay Tile. 3. click Duplicate. Roofs s 283 . For Name. It is a generic roof type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 5.

In this exercise. 8. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer.rvt.Roofs . select Model. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 7. s Click OK. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. The garage roof displays a pattern. Click OK twice.s s s In the Materials dialog box. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.

rfa. 2. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. or for decoration.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. click Roof > Fascia. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. On the Insert tab. 3. 4. In the Open dialog box. On the Home tab. Roofs s 285 .rvt. Click Open. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. to support a gutter.

In the Type Properties dialog box. Set the Material value to Metal .Roofs . 6. Click OK.Paint Finish Ivory. for Profile. click Edit Type.5. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Matte. Click Duplicate. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. For Name. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.

rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Roofs s 287 . 9.8. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia.

The completed exercise 4. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK.Roofs . 1. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. 6. Under Material parameter. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Place Gutters In this exercise. 3. s Click Duplicate.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.rvt. select Gutter . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. For Name. under Profile parameter. click Roof > Gutter. Click OK. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. On the Home tab.Bevel: 5" x 5". you add gutters to a building. select Metal Aluminum. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. The file should open to a 3D view.

In this exercise. Segments will clean up at corners. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. If you click the interior face. 11. 8. you attached gutters to a roof. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 9. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.rvt.7. Roofs s 289 . 10.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold. heat.

on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.

What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. High d. General Questions 1. True b. Gambrel d. Gable b. False 2. the run is always 12.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place gutters. True b. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Place fascia. a. Medium c. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Define a roof structure. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Hip c. Shed 4. Low b. When referring to roof slope.Roofs . False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. None of the above 3.

sketch. a. Change the direction of the roof. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. you use: a. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. False 5. lines c. pick d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Footprint. To add a slope to a roofline. Create an opening. a. profile. c. Activate Slope 9. Footprint b. Sketch c. True b. Walls. profile 2. Cut/Lengthen c. Footprint. Trim/Extend b. face b. a. Expand/Contract 6. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Change the direction of the slope. 10. TAB b. a. Extrusion d. extrusion. d. place a check mark next to: a. extrusion. Footprint b. Slope c. SHIFT c. ENTER 4. b. a. DEL d. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. True b. False Summary/Questions s 293 . a. True b. Sketch. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Add Slope b. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. A compound roof contains layers. Turn slopes on or off. Defines Slope c. Roofs can be created using ______. a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Create Slope d. Material 8. Walls d. ______ or _______. False 7. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Face 3.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create slope annotations. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create a section view. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3.

296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and tool racks. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . cabinetry. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. the kitchen. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. the location of special equipment. In a commercial structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. floor. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. In a residential building. bathrooms. and special equipment. After completing this lesson.

and Language Arts. Engineering. Technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Math (STEM).Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values.Sections and Elevations . and are properly cross-referenced. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. framing. and foundation plans. t Cross or transverse sections. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. across its narrower dimension. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. on the long axis of the building.

and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. unnecessary. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s The position relationship between different elements. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. such as doors and windows. For larger elevations.

refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. Unnecessary Information Shades. South. Therefore. the titles assigned (North. With interior elevations. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. For siding. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You may. this is reversed. bushes. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and so forth. shadows.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. For example. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. people. The size of the object is listed first. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. quantity. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. cars. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. or methods of installation. however. and then the name of the material. the surface covering and underlayment is notated." Mfr. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. For a wood structure. East.

Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. flush overlay. or a baseboard. This is usually done using a topset. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and materials used. and lip. casements. and other appliances. coving. or MDF. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. tile. Hinges are concealed. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". shelf arrangements. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. or linoleum) and the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. chamfers. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Molding is normally decorative in nature. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. doors and direction of door swings. The trim is usually glued into place. or decorative patterns. and special equipment such as toilets.Sections and Elevations . You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. This is more costly than regular overlay. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Molding is usually made of plaster. and types of finish materials used. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. wood.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". dishwashers. doors. windows. It may have curves. other openings. which is a formed pressboard. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall.

Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Place a section view on a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. which you can then add to a sheet. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. and a section symbol on all plans. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Change the section head. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.

engineering. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering.Sections and Elevations . but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Once created. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. A section is a horizontal view. Math (STEM). and math standards.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. like an elevation.

Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . For example. or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane.

If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. it includes a crop region to resize the view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations .

the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add breaklines as needed. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Add detail notes. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The slope is the ratio rise:run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Details are crucial for effective construction. tracing over the existing elements. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. such as anchor bolts and siding. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. In the example shown. So. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Once you create the detail section. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Add structural details. which is spoken as 2 in 12. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. In a set of construction documents.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 3. On the View tab. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Create a Section View 1. 2. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The completed exercise 6. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.rvt. The Section command is available from the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. 4. click Section. Create panel. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Open the file ADA_Sections. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.

Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. This is called the crop region. Section Properties 1. The actual location is not critical. With the section line selected. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. 2. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. and it has control grips to resize it. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. 3.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette.

Clear Crop Region Visible.rvt. you automatically created a section view. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. When you drew the section line. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In this exercise. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Sections and Elevations s 313 . 5. The view is listed in your Project Browser. In the Properties palette. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The section view updates.4. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 6. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 7. 8.

Load from Library panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 5. On the Insert tab. 3. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. 2. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Select Section Head-Open. Settings panel.1 point Filled. and Section Head . 7. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Open to load the family. enter Open Arrow. 4. They include Section Head . click Load Family. The view does not change. Click OK. For Name.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Several section head families are available.rvt. click Duplicate. 6.Filled. On the Manage tab.Sections and Elevations . 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rfa. In this exercise. Section Head .No Arrow.

Open. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. select Section Head . Sections and Elevations s 315 . 13. In this exercise. 11.8. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 12. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. enter Open Arrow. Click Duplicate.rvt. click Edit Type. Click OK. Click OK. Select the section line. The section head updates to the new head type. 9. 10. select Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field. For Name. For Section Head. On the Properties palette. 14.

Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.rvt. To reposition the callout head. Use the image below for guidance. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 3. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.Sections and Elevations . 2. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. click Callout. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 5. On the Options Bar. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 6. Create panel. select the border of the callout. This is a building section. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 4.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. On the View tab.

On the Annotate tab. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. region patterns. You can add detail lines. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Draw panel. 3. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. but not strongly. Detail panel.7. 1. 2. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Options Bar. detail components. On the Properties palette. 8. Sections and Elevations s 317 . and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. click Region > Filled Region. select Chain. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. as shown. 4. Line is selected automatically.

On the Properties palette. enter Earth.Sections and Elevations .5. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Modify. Select the upper and right side lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. For Name. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 7. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Click OK. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.

1.rfa. If you zoom in closer. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. 9. click Component > Detail Component. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 3. select Finish (green check). On the Annotate tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. On the Place Detail Component tab. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Section. Click OK. Detail panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Detail panel. the filled region may appear as solid fill. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. From the Fill Pattern list. On the Mode panel. the pattern becomes visible. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 2. Click Open.8. click Load Family. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects.

You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.Sections and Elevations . 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 5. From the Type Selector. In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Click OK.4.

From the Type Selector. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. From the Type Selector list. 7.6. Move it after placement if necessary. Sections and Elevations s 321 . add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. select Plywood. Add another Detail Component. Using the image below for guidance. 8. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.

On the Properties palette. Use the image below for guidance. Click Modify. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.9. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 11. select anchor bolt. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 10. Click Component > Detail Component. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.Sections and Elevations . Place the component similarly to the image below. set the Thickness to 3/4". Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Select the vertical plywood. 12. This component represents the subflooring. From the Type Selector.

13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. 14. Add another Detail Component. select Multiple. From the Type Selector. select Lap Siding. Use the image below for guidance. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Copy. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . On the Modify panel of the context tab. On the Options Bar.

From the Line Style Selector. click Detail Line. 16.15. Start at the end of the siding. Add Detail Lines 1. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 2. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. select Wide Lines. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. Save the file.Sections and Elevations .

Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 4. Zoom out. 5. Still using Wide Lines.

8. 7. 9. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. Next. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click.Sections and Elevations . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Modify. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Add Insulation 1. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Detail panel. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. On the Annotate tab. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 2. 10.6. Save the file. Select the wall so it highlights. click Insulation. select the Material field in row 3. identified as Wall material 1. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. The wall display updates.

The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. From the Type Selector. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Detail panel. select Break Line. Sections and Elevations s 327 . click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Your view should resemble the image shown. 1. 3.2.

Sections and Elevations . The view should resemble the image shown. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. You place another breakline. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. The Detail Component tool is still active. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 6. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). and detail components to it. To complete the detail. 7. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 5. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Place the breakline as shown.4. detail lines. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file.

With nothing selected in the view. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). s Clear Annotation Crop.rvt. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 2. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. To add notes. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 3. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. or methods of installation. The border around the view will disappear. The size of the object is listed first. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. weatherproofing. quantity. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 1. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.

On the Annotate tab. 6. click Two Segments. 12. On the Format panel. 7. 10. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. insulation. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Architectural standards favor aligned notation. As you pull your cursor to the right. 8. leader arrow as shown. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 9. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. click Text. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Move the pointer up 11.Sections and Elevations . From the Type list.4" WEATHERING. Finally. Text panel. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.4. 5. R13. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.

15. .C.C. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. as the second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. 16. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. or wood treated with preservative against rot. 14. Click off the text to finish the entry.C. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.. 18. Enter 5/8" GWB .13. O. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 20.C. 17.TYPE X. 19. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.

In this exercise. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 23.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.rvt. 21.. Click Zoom to Fit. Click ENTER to start a second line. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Note: CONC signifies concrete. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 22.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.

In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 6. 5. The new sheet becomes the current view. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. or elevation view.rvt. In the Project Browser. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. highlight Sheets. Click Open. and locate the detail view on it. 3. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click New Sheet. In this exercise.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. click Load. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 2. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Right-click. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Locate the A-Landscape. 4. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. section. Highlight your title block.

You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.7. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. On the View Control Bar. 8. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. click Hide Crop Region. Select a Level Line. click Show Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . Click the control at its left end. select view Detail at Foundation. 9. Both Level ends will move together. close to the crop border. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. In the Project Browser.

11. Sections and Elevations s 335 . highlight the new sheet. In this exercise. 12. For Name. you: s Created a new sheet. Click Rename. In the Project Browser. Right-click. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click Zoom to Fit.10. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.rvt. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 13. Click OK. For Number. enter S.301. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.

6. four elevation views are included: north. 2.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. s Add any necessary dimensions. 4. s Add material notes. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. It is defined by the green dotted line. Select Elevations. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the Annotations tab. 5.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Right-click. The elevation markers are now visible. When you create a project with a template. 3. east. south. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. s Add slope indication for roof. Click OK. s Set the display for building components as needed. 2. Open ADA_Elevations. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. and west. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.

4. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 3. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Click OK to exit the dialog box.2. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. 5. clear Planting. Next. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. clear Sections. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Annotations tab. On the View Control Bar. On the Modelling tab.

Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. modified its display. In Surface Pattern. 12.7. 10. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Select the wall. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. select Edit in the Structure field. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 8. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you activated an elevation view. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 13.Sections and Elevations . In the Type Properties dialog box. 11. 9. click to open the list. Click Zoom to Fit. and modified the wall display characteristics. In this exercise. Click the button that displays to select a material. Select Sand.rvt.Exterior Stucco. It will be identified as Condo .

The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 5. The size of the object is listed first. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. or methods of installation. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. quantity. 2. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Add a note for the foundation. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. 3. Add a note for the stone wall. Sections and Elevations s 339 .rvt. In the Type Selector. 4. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Enter TX.

9.6. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the exterior stucco. Add a note for the roof. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. 8. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the brick wall.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. 7.

enter 1/8". Click to select the roof line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Options Bar. 6. 4. Click again to locate the slope indicator. select Triangle.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 341 . from the Slope Representation list. For Offset from Reference. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.rvt. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 1. 3. click Spot Slope. Dimension panel. 5.

click Aligned. Click to locate the slope indicator. 9. Dimension panel. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify.7. 10. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 11. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click to select the roof line.

you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. The west elevation now contains material notes. 14. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. slope indicators. and vertical dimensions. In this exercise. select wall breaks and levels. and dimensions for clarity.rvt. leaders.12. 13. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Arrange notes.

This view was already defined in the drawing. 2. Click Open View. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. equipment rooms. In this exercise. Right-click.Sections and Elevations .rvt. 3. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . dimensions. special closets. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. kitchens. Click Find Referring Views.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. and cabinetry. In the Project Browser. Highlight the view. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.

This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Select Suppress 0 Feet. 5. In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. 6. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Clear Use Project Settings. Dimension panel. Right-click. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click the value field for Units Format 8.4. click Aligned. 7. s s s s Click Duplicate. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. click OK. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active.

10. Using the Text and Dimension tools. In this exercise.9. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail the interior section. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style.

2. Either one. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Nobody in Charge d. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Show the relationships between elements. c. False 3. The direction the viewer is facing. Not in Contract c. General Questions 1. s Create a section view. s Create filled regions. such as north. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create slope annotations. Indicate the location of doors and windows. is always the true orientation. The direction the structure is facing. s Create material annotations. All of the above 5. b. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. d. All of the above. it depends. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. 4. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. b. Not in Concrete b. Walls c. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. c. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. a. Cabinetry d. True b.

West c. On the View tab. False 2. False 5. The Visual Style of the view. The dotted line indicates: a. The detail level of the view. you use: a. but not a 6. 4. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Add View. c. c. True b. South d. True b. b. d. click Sheet Composition > View. North 3. Filled regions with hatch patterns d.Sections and Elevations . The boundaries of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Which elevation is it? a. Right-click. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. East b. Sun and Shadow b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. a. Element properties c. b. a. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. d. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The height of the view. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. b and c.

Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 4. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Lesson Plan 1. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Review Schedules.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

about the building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and thickness. To review the list of standards for each lesson. width. height. About Schedules s 351 . This lesson relates to science. engineering. and math standards. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. Engineering. technology. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. However. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. There are different types of schedule tables. Instance. the same primary information is included. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules . The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). these tags can be placed automatically or manually. A circle. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and A for appliances. However.Schedules . The following image shows door. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Like schedules. Using the software. E for electrical. hexagon. Other letters are P for plumbing. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. window. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To clarify the reading of the floor plan.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. equipment. Technology. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Schedules list items such as doors. and math standards. s Export a schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Add room tags. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Math (STEM). hardware. and you can create your own schedules. rooms. materials. Project templates include preset schedules. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create a room schedule. This lesson relates to science. Schedules s 355 . you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and Language Arts.

and you set the schedule to display totals.rvt. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Schedules .Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2.

Continue to add fields to the schedule. select Comments. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 6.s Window Tag 5. and Width. 4. 3. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Height. On the View tab. Add Count. Schedules s 357 . You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Type Mark. Level. Click Add. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 7. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Select Windows from the list. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. In Available Fields. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right.

Move the fields so they display in the order shown. from left to right.8. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 9.Schedules . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Select the fields. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to finish the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

Schedules s 359 . 1. From the Sort By list. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 2. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Select Blank Line. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. but without any useful calculations yet. 3. select Type Mark. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.

The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Rather than make a manual calculation. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. click the schedule name. click Edit. 4. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. In order to calculate the total number of windows. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Level. In the Project Browser. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . in this case). 3. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. clear Itemize Every Instance. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. On the Properties palette. you can have the schedule report this. 2. Notice how the schedule has changed. 1.Schedules . in the Then By sorting field. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.

In this exercise. From the list. Count. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.rvt. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. select Title. and Totals. s Set the schedule to display category totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.5. The totals for each window type now display. select Footer. click Edit 7. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping. Schedules s 361 . 6.

Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Open.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Room & Area panel. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Room size. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. On the Home tab. ceiling type. In this exercise. 5. click Overwrite the Existing Version. based on the amount of space in each room. floor type.rvt. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. 2. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.Schedules . Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. 4. click Room > Room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. occupancy. Locate the file named Room Tag.

Schedules s 363 . The tag displays at the end of your cursor. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel. Click Modify to terminate the placement.In the Type Selector. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 8. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. a total of 7. On the Home tab. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 7. 6. and in the hall as shown. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.

10.Schedules . s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Modify. On the Room & Area panel. Select Room #2. s Click the Room text. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 12. 13. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 11. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . An edit box activates. click Room. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The cursor changes to sketch mode. The area value for Room 7 updates. The room tag updates.9.

Schedules s 365 .rvt. s Added a room separation. In this exercise. 15. you: s Loaded a room tag. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. for Name. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects.14. enter Sales. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.

Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 2. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Name. and Area to be included in your schedule. The completed exercise 5.Schedules . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Click Add--> after each selection. Create panel. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Click OK. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list.rvt. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Create a Room Schedule 1. select Number. For Name. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 3. The New Schedule dialog box displays. enter Square Footage Report. 4. In the Available Fields pane. Set the Sort By value to Number. 6. On the View tab.

10. Schedules s 367 . s Set Units to Square Feet. s Select Calculate Totals. 8. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Click Field Format.7. s Set Alignment to Right. Highlight the Area field. Change the Heading to No. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Title and Totals from the list. Click the Formatting tab. Click OK. clear Use Project Settings. In the Format dialog box. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Select Grand Totals. Highlight the Number field. 9.

you: s Created a room schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.Schedules . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 12. In this exercise. s Totaled one of the columns.11. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.

This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. On the application menu. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Click OK. Note the formatting that has been applied. Schedules s 369 . 2.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Browse to a directory to save your report. 6.rvt. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. locate the file you created. Click Save. The file is created. you export the room schedule to a text file. 5.txt) file. Using your Windows Explorer. Double-click it to open it. You can then use this file in other applications. 4. 3. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.

7. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.Schedules . 8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. In this exercise. Close the text file.

What is a schedule table? a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of sheets used in a project. s Export a schedule. True b. Quantity c. s Load a schedule tag. a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. False 4. b. True b. Instance 3. Questions 1. s Place a schedule tag. Type b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . d. c. A list of information that defines specific building objects. None of the above.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. 2. s Reformat a schedule. a. Matrix d. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.

use the ____ . View c. To export a schedule. Modify 2. Annotate tab b. Home d. Manage tab 3.Schedules . View tab c. a. XLS c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Application menu d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. CSV d. Annotate b. a. TXT b.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 3. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 2. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Play a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Place a camera. s Export a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering.Visualization . This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Add planting components. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. s Assign materials. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. or camera on a path. you create a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Orient walls and windows. Technology. The animation file can be played in any media player. Math (STEM). Finally. s Apply shading to a view. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. After completing this lesson. s Export a DWG file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Assign materials. Click Zoom to Fit. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. courseware datasets. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You worked on animations. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. s s 2. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Open Unit2_custom_family.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1.rvt. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 .

Visualization . The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 4. If you do not see any change in the wall display. 5. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Select one of the exterior walls. The walls now display layers of materials. Select any exterior wall. 6. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Stud. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl.3. The wall display updates.

Open the Default 3D view. 8. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Click OK. Select Site: Grass. Click Change wall's orientation. Select walls. you can: s s s 9. On the Properties palette. 10. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. In addition to using the control arrows. Right-click. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select the toposurface object.7. Repeat the process for the windows. Visualization s 377 .

Visualization . Export the Model to FBX 1. click Export > FBX. Select the file name. Select the Roof. you have completed this exercise. for Files of type. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 12. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. On the application menu. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Depending on your system resources.FBX). click Import > Import. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Click OK in any notices and warnings. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list.11. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. and click Open. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Note the file location. 3. 2. select Autodesk (*. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Open 3ds Max Design.

Open or return to Revit.4. Depending on your system resources. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG.rvt. If necessary. click Next. 2. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to DWG 1. On the application menu. There is no way to update it from Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Note the file location. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. 3. Close the file without saving. Visualization s 379 . open Unit10_Export.

Open or return to Revit. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. In the File Link Manager . 9. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click File. Select two windows as shown. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Select the file name. 6. 5. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. If necessary. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open. 7. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open 3ds Max Design.rvt. open Unit10_Export. On the application menu. Close the File Link Manager. click References > File Link Manager.4.max. 8.Visualization . click Attach This File.

On the application menu. 13. The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Open the 3D view. 11. In the dialog box. Save the file.10. Save the export file using the same name as before. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 12.

s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. In this exercise. s Close the File Link Manager. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed. s Changed a material definition. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Click Reload.14. s Oriented walls and windows. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the File Link Manager. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.Visualization . 15. The linked file updates. Open the Files tab.

you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. If you place the camera too close to the model. 3. and create a second rendering. Create panel. In this exercise. you place a camera in a model. Open Unit10_Export. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open the Site view.rvt. generate a rendering. click Camera. Visualization s 383 . Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Place a Camera 1. as shown. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. change materials. On the View tab. add plantings to the model.

The camera perspective view opens. 5. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Right-click. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the View Control Bar. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 7. 2.Visualization . Open the Site view again. If necessary. 6.4. Click Show Camera. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. The camera will be visible. select Very Few Clouds. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. click Show Rendering Dialog. Render Setup 1. Return to the perspective view. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.

Open view 3D View 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. 3. Model Site panel. Open the Site view.30' approximately as shown. Visualization s 385 . Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . On the Massing & Site tab. s Click Render. click Site Component. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Enhance the Model 1. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Click Render. Output Settings.3. and Lighting. 2. s Click Render to create a new rendered image.

On the Properties palette. Change Materials 1. The model displays in the view. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. 5. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. Select an exterior wall. select Roofing . 6.Visualization . In the Layer 1 Material field. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box.4. 4. 3. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. In the Save to Project dialog box. 2. In the Materials list. Revit places the image in its own view.Wood Shake. click OK. click Edit Type. and you can now select elements for editing. click Show the Model.

Visualization s 387 . Click Edit in the Structure field. 9. Click Replace.10.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. 8.

s Placed site planting components in the model. Click OK. 13. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 15. click Save to Project. s Edited materials in model components. In the Rendering dialog box.Brick Uniform Running Brown. The new image is placed in its own view. In the Rendering dialog box. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Generated and captured a second render image. 16.rvt. 12. Save the file as Unit10_render. 14.Visualization . Select Masonry . s Generated and captured a render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.11. In this exercise. s Created a raytrace setup. These images are now available as options to present to a client. click Render.

The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. in a project model. and exported individually. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Each view. In this exercise. Open floor plan view Level 1. The camera and path can be edited. Open Unit10_render. s On the View tab. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. along the path can be viewed in different modes. rendered. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. 4. s View the animation in a media player. click to the left of the model as shown. or walkthroughs.rvt. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Edit the camera and path. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click. click 3d View > Walkthrough. To place a key frame. Create panel. or frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. 2. s Right-click again. Visualization s 389 . 3. Click Zoom to Fit.

Walkthrough panel. 9. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Select the direction control for the camera. Repeat for all the key frames. click Edit Walkthrough. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 6. 7. Drag it to the left. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.5. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera is located on the final key frame. The Options Bar changes. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Cameras tab. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 10. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 11.Visualization . click Finish Walkthrough. 8.

Edit the Walkthrough 1. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open. From the Controls list. select Path. Visualization s 391 . click Next Key Frame. On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Click Edit Walkthrough. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Check the view in several key frames. Drag the path away from the model as shown. If camera positions distort. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 13. 3. The path displays control dots at key frames.12. 2.

rvt.Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. File Name. Export the Walkthrough 1. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. In the Length/Format dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click Save. Click Play. 2. Click OK. 4. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. On the application menu. notice where you save the file. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Revit generates the external AVI file. 2. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.Visualization . select a video compression method to hold down file size. 3. click OK.

Double-click the new file name. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Visualization s 393 . Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Plan your class time accordingly. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. 6. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player. such as shaded or rendering.

s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization .7. In this exercise. s Edited the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. If you have made changes to the building model.

s Export an FBX file. s Assign materials. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. s Add planting components. s Apply shading to a view. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Place a camera. Save As > FBX c. a. Split b. you use: a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. False 2. Flip Orientation d. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough. a. Questions 1. Export > FBX 3. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Print to File b. s Export a DWG file. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. True b. False Summary/Questions s 395 . a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. you use: a. Align c. Demolish 2. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. View > Shading d. s Create a raytrace rendering.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 6. and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 4. beams. beam systems. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. Review structural columns. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 5. 3. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. In the following exercises. beams and braces.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. foundations.

and other structural elements will be located in a building. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.Structural . beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.Structural . walls. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . especially columns. Knowing where structural members. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects.

This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Place beam systems and braces. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Structural s 401 . Create column grids. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. and Language Arts. Place columns and beams on grids.

click Temporary Hide/Isolate . or reinforced concrete. They come in types defined by size and shape. click Column > Structural Column.Structural . As with columns. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. or concrete. wood. 3. often mainly glass. spans without walls. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In residential construction. this is known as post and beam construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. On the View Control Bar. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. beams can be steel. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. wood. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Structural columns can be steel. Select a floor. Open Deck Framing. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. In this exercise. 2. 1.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Beams connect columns or walls.Hide Category. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.

This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 6. 5.4. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 7. 3A. Structural s 403 . click Depth. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. On the View Control Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". and 4B. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. On the Options Bar. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 8.

9. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 11. Click Hide In View > Element. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. and columns clearly. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". double-click view Framing Cutaway. 2. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.Structural . Place Beams 1. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Right-click. Open Plan View Deck Framing. The columns are now hidden by the floors. In the Project Browser. 10. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2".

5. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s In the view window. Click. 4. select Chain. click Beam. In the Type Selector. Structure panel.3. On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab.

set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click.Structural . 6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 7. Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

Click OK. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. as shown. Save the file as Deck Beams. click Make Wall Bearing. If a Warning dialog box that opens.rvt. Structural s 407 . On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.8. click Beam. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click. 11. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. 9. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. 12. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Structure panel. In this exercise. Click on grid intersection B4.

Click the beam on Grid 1.Structural . Open Plan View Deck Framing. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. 2. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. 4. click No. Open Deck Beams. click Sketch Beam System. Place Beam Systems 1. The completed exercise 5. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. or number of beams in a bay. distance. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. you: s Place beam systems. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt. In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 3. On the Structure tab. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Structure panel. click Beam System. s Place braces. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. click Pick Supports.

Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. as shown.6. 7. Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line.

Click the beam on Grid 2. click Create Similar. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Trim as necessary. click Finish (green check). Click Finish. click Pick Supports. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. On the Properties palette. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. On the Mode panel. set Elevation to -0'-9". click Line. 11. s s On the Draw panel.Structural . s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s s s On the Draw panel. s 9. 10. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .6". Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. On the Properties palette.2".8. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.

double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the View Control Bar. Structural s 411 . 4. 3. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View tab. 2. In the Project Browser.Place Braces 1. Create panel. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Brace. as shown. Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the Structure tab. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. unlike regular elevations. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. It has an automatic work plane. Click to place the elevation. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Structure panel. 5.

412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 8. Click Modify. In the view window. Repeat the brace going right to left. 7. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.Structural . In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. to start the brace.6.

rvt. In this exercise. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.10. you: s Placed beam systems. 11.

Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. 2. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The numbering automatically increments. elevation. Pull the cursor straight up.Structural . Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. In plan views.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. You can change a grid number at any time. beams. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. In this exercise. Grid datasets. but they can also be angular and radial. click Grid. click in the lower left to start a grid line. as shown. The exact length is not critical. Datum panel. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and section views. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. and walls. The exact location is not critical. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s s In the view window.

Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. The Grid tool is still active.3. Click to place a new grid line. Structural s 415 . 4. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.

s Select Grid Line 2. The new grid line will be number 3. Press ENTER. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 7. click to place the grid line. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Grid 3 is already the selection set. click Copy.Structural . To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Pull the cursor to the right.5. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. The new grid line is number 5. Pull the cursor to the left. close to the heads. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Enter A at the keyboard. Click to start a grid line. Repeat to create grid line 4. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 6. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble.

Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Structural s 417 . The Grid tool is still active. This grid line will be number B. click the elbow control to place an offset. 10. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1. s Select grid 2. 11. s Click Copy. On the grid line. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. s Click to place the grid line. Grid 2. This completes the main grid.8. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.1 is still selected. Change the number to 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 9. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.

Create panel. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. 4. On the Options Bar.Structural .000 o . Click in the new grid bubble. On the Draw panel. 3. set Offset to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Click to place the grid head. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". select Center-Ends Arc. enter 15. Change the number to EE. click Grid. Press ENTER. s Click to start the grid line. s s Click grid intersection D3. Zoom to Fit. On the Home tab. The Grid tool is still active. In the Radius field. click Radius. click Pick.

Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 7.5. Click to place grid FF. You will need to identify it easily. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. 6. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Structural s 419 . Drag it down below the radial grids. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Select grid 3 to show its controls.

s Select grid 3. Click in the new grid bubble. s 10. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.8. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Press ENTER. 11.Pick Axis. s Select grid 31. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click Mirror . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. click Create Similar. Revit will create grid 32. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Zoom to Fit. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Click to place the grid line. Enter 31 to change the name.Structural . s In this exercise. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 9.000. s Click grid intersection D3.rvt.

You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s Change a grid layout. s Use a column grid to place beams. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Now you place columns at grid intersections. This is a steel column. click Column > Structural Column. Structural s 421 . s Add footings to columns. As a result. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. Structure panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. 2. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s 3. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. In the Type Selector. you typically create a grid.

click Finish. A. 5. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.s s On the Options Bar. click At Grids. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . C and D. 2. 3. 4. 6. In the Multiple panel. 4. B. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. set Height to Level 3.Structural . On the Multiple panel.

On the Multiple panel. Click Grid 1. columns. 3. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Window-select all the grid lines. and beams will move to the right. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 5. On the Multiple panel. The grid. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 4. click Beam. click Finish. 2. Structural s 423 .Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Zoom to Fit. click On Grids. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab.

Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Click Redo. click No. 1. 3. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 6. 4. Open the Default 3D view. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. On the Multiple panel. click At Columns. click Isolated. click Undo. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Quick Access toolbar. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window.Structural . 2.

A warning displays. Click OK. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". The footing had been placed at Level 1. The footing changes size. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 6. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. To change the size of the footing. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column.5. in the Type Selector. Structural s 425 . 7. Press ESC to clear the column selection. s On the Properties palette.

Structural . s Changed a grid layout. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. In this exercise.8. s Added footings to columns.

STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans.

Structural . s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

2. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beam systems. Brace c. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Beam d. Column b. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Add footings to columns. s Place braces. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Questions 1. s Change a grid layout. s Use a column grid to place columns. All of the above. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.

Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 5. c. True b. a. Pick points. d. d. A and B. All of the above. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. you: a. a. Stretch b. you can: a. Flip Orientation d. Select a beam type and define the system layout. you use: a. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. b.Structural . You cannot change a column's height after you place it. 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the height of a column. False 4. If you relocate a grid line. A but not B. Select the type of beam or column to place. True b. When placing columns or beams. Properties c. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 2. b. c. To create a beam system. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Virginia Tech Eric Losin .iteaconnect.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Ltd.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Starkweather . Randy Dymond. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. PE . Smith . Mathematics. WI Roger Dohm . South Division High School.org Project Lead the Way.Director. Poway High School. Milwaukee. Susan Harrington .Instructor.Executive Director. Copyright s 431 . International Technology Education Association www. CA Ronald A Williams. Inc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Poway.Teacher.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.

Autodesk Revit MEP. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. by any method. AutoCAD Architecture. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. product names. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. AutoCAD MEP. 2010 Autodesk. Inc. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Inc. Inc. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. or parts thereof. for any purpose. Published by: Autodesk. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. All other brand names. All rights reserved. Trademarks Autodesk. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. INC.. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Inc. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Inc. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael.” AUTODESK. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk Inventor. AutoCAD Civil 3D. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. this publication. CA 94903. AutoCAD.© 2010 Autodesk. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. “AS IS. All rights reserved. INC.. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder.

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