Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. the display shows editable distances and angles.When sketching walls.

Software Tools .Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. elevation. and 3D views. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. You can add building elements in plan. Other building elements such as doors. floors. windows. stairs. section. furniture. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . roofs. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. the other will move as well. If one is moved. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the illustration shown.While components are being sketched.

In essence.If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. and math standards. Engineering.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). technology. s Constrain placement of objects. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Place a predefined Mass family. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. This lesson relates to science. engineering. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements.

Software Tools . Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. roofs. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. such as distance requirements from roadways. size. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Masses can be edited in many ways. or masses. owner. and then converted into building components such as floors. quickly. walls. A designer. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. There are mass families available to load into a project. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and curtain systems. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. you can create in-place masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . walls. roofs. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. masses. or within.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . engineering. legends. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Annotation includes text notes. and Language Arts.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and math standards. Engineering. and symbol heads. tags. technology. Math (STEM). s Explain the use of dimensions.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited. Each symbol family file (*.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. or angular.Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system.y.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Work with tool buttons. Math (STEM). Technology. and math standards. and Options Bar. the Type Selector. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Language Arts. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open and use ribbon tabs. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . This lesson relates to science. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology.

and rooms. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. windows. beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. doors. Display and Navigation s 31 .Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. for instance. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

symbols. and text. detailing. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. columns. trusses. and foundations. Display and Navigation s 33 .The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. slabs. braces. structural walls.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials. and parameters. and inquiry.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Context tabs display as you work.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Software Tools . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New. and Close. Save. Print. Open.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

and groups.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. sheets. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. families. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . with four elevation markers visible. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. schedules.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

sun settings. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. cropping. shadow display. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. level of detail. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Windows panel on the ribbon. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. A check mark indicates it is visible. View Control Bar View scale. rendering (in 3D views). visual style.Software Tools . The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Software Tools . It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. Shaded. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location. sun and shadow intensity. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. which can be according to the view. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.

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and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. These controls. along with other display settings. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.

Display and Navigation s 55 . Structure. View. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Nine tabs are available: Home. Massing & Site. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Manage and Modify.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Collaborate. To activate or open a view. Insert. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Annotate.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

Properties Palette. Options Bar. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. If you select items in the view window. showing options that you can select while you are working. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Display and Navigation s 57 . When a context tab is active. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views.Software Tools .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and Publish. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Save. Export. Display and Navigation s 65 .Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Click a file name to open that file. The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. the application menu. New File. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Print. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. If you select the menu option. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Navigation s 67 . 2. make the Home tab active. 3. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. After you have examined each of them. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. On the ribbon. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The completed exercise 4. or click New > Project from the application menu.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Do this for other tabs. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panel titles display under the tab titles.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display.Software Tools . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. 6. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Cycle Through All. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. In this exercise. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Icons for panels display below tab titles. you opened a project file.5. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. and then viewed. 7. Close the file without saving.

The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. In the Project Browser. You worked on this file in Getting Started. doubleclick the view name. 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Display and Navigation s 69 . Exercise 2. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The file opens to a 3D view. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Open quick_start_building_elements.

all the walls. 4. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click any interior wall. . You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Clear Walls and Doors. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. On the Properties palette.Software Tools . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. and windows highlight blue. 8. Click OK. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the door in the upper left of the model. 5. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. doors. 6. You are selecting everything visible. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.3. 7. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.

10. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Display and Navigation s 71 . Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click any door. On the Modify | Doors context tab. On the Properties palette.rvt.9. 11. examined the menus and toolbars. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. In this exercise. you opened a project file. click Create panel > Create Similar. 12. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Place a door as shown.

s Load and place component families. Technology. display controls. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Engineering. lines. drafting views. Pan. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and views. s Create a new in-place family. You can create sections. ceiling plan. mechanical equipment). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Software Tools . s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . either predefined or user-created. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). annotations. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Component families include model objects (furniture. building elements (walls. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and elevation views by default. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and 3D views using the View menu. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. System families include levels. In the exercises. s Work with Revit families. templates. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. operating settings. schedules. floors).Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. Revit provides floor plan. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. technology. engineering.This lesson relates to science.

rvt. Use your keyboard to enter VV. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Right-click. There is also a copy in the course datasets. First. VG also opens the dialog box. 3. Four elevation markers are visible. Rightclick in the view window. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The completed exercise Visibility 1.Software Tools . This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Open Unit2_building_elements. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click Zoom to Fit. is an extensive database. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. 2. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click OK. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The display changes. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. even a small one. There is no way to see everything in it.

The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click and drag the cursor as shown. 6. Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Working with Views and Objects s 75 .4. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Select the roof outline. click Detail Level. There are two parts to an elevation. 7. so be sure to select them both. Select Detail Level: Medium. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click. Click Open. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. Click Zoom In Region. 5. On the View Control Bar. Enter ZF.

2.8. change the Underlay value to None. Enter VH. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. On the Properties palette. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. View Properties 1.Software Tools . The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. doors and windows are not shown. Click Zoom to Fit. Turn off visibility of the elevations. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. as before. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties.

click Edit. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. enter Roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click Rename. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. For Name. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. the ridge is now visible. and where the cut plane sits. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.0". Click OK. Working with Views and Objects s 77 .3. Right-click. Next to View Range. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. 4.

In the Presets list. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Graphic Display Options 1. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Open Elevation view South. Set the time to 9:30 am. In the Sun Settings dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. In the dialog box that opens. 4. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field.Software Tools . Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shading with Edges. Accept the location that activates. select Still. select Shadows On. 2. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 3. 5. under Solar Study. select Winter Solstice. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen.

Working with Views and Objects s 79 . The elevation shadows update.rvt. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Save the file as Unit2_views.

These components are called families and there are several different types. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Additionally. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Doors are considered standard family entities. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. or institutional structures. you open an existing project file. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. walls. and families in place.Software Tools . floors. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry.rvt. railings. standard families. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Build panel. Open Unit2_views. 3. or stand-alone (for example. furniture. You add closet doors to interior walls. roofs. On the Home tab. and annotations are examples of standard families. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. windows. click Door. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Doors. windows. load. There are system families. lights. In Revit. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. 2. commercial. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. s A system family. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. and furniture. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and use a Revit family to place a door. and place Revit families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. furniture). is predefined within Revit. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. and floors. and so on. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. such as levels. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors.

Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Locate Double Panel 2.rfa. Tag panel. and Annotation. Click the Doors folder. As you move your cursor near any wall. Accept the default size. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. You click to place an instance of the door family. Project files have a file extension of *. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. 5. Furniture. It has a number of different sizes defined. On the Modify | Place Door tab. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 4.rfa. Family files have a file extension of *. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. If you highlight a door family. Click Open. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Click Open. s s 6. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.rvt. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).

Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 9. you located. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.7. and placed instances of a door family. Place two more instances of the door as shown. but not strongly. simply click it.rvt. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. loaded. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Place an instance of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.Software Tools . Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. 8. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The required width is not available. Select the double door as shown. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . In the Type Properties dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. 3. 4. 5. This door needs to be 48" wide. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Click Properties palette > Edit Type.rvt. and create an in-place family. you open an existing project file. modify a door family. enter 48" x 80". Open Unit2_doors_walls. click Duplicate. For Name. 2. Click OK.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.

Software Tools . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In the dialog box.6. enter Hall Clock. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. click Component > Model In-Place. The door updates. For Name. 5. 4. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. select Generic Models. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. On the Home tab. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). On the Properties palette. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 2. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Click OK. is to create a component family in place. 1. Build panel. 3. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates.

0' 2". Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click OK. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Revit will display .rvt. click Rectangle.4" as shown. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 9. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 13. 7. you located. and placed a door family. 8. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . as shown. 12.2". In this exercise. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). On the Draw panel. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. loaded.6. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 11. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. You have created the base of the clock. 10. The family model updates.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.

s What is binary math. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.

d. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. load. depending on the template selected. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. Create a 3D perspective view. and click Open. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. 6. c. s Access. a. To activate a view: a. d. a. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. and Options Bar. Views can be renamed. False 2. s Open different views. b. context tabs. s Change type properties of a family. Either a or b. Zoom in Region is used to: a. False 3. and place a family from a library. b. Right-click. Zoom to the entire model. Questions 1. True b. Each project has several predefined views. The tool shown is used to: a. c. True b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. tab. c. False 4. s Change view displays. 7. a. s Create an in-place model family. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Change view properties. False 5. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom to an area selected by a right click.Software Tools . Spin the model in 3D space. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. True b. d. a. Turn on Shadows. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser.

A family created within a project is called ________________. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.8. Rotate c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. windows. Parts d. Multiview b. System c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . All of the above. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . etc. Project Browser d.) are called: a. depending on settings 9. a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Scroll d. Pan and Zoom b. a. In-Place d. Standard b. Properties palette 10. Blocks c. Families 11.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create labels. 3. 8. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create a project template. s Set project units. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 2. Review Revit Architecture setup.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 7. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 9. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 4. s Create dimension and text styles. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template.

and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.aia. and the settings that are preset within them. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. linetypes. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Visit the AIA website at www. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. defining the layers.Standards and Building Codes . Math (STEM). Explain why templates are used. colors. After completing this lesson. colors. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. linetypes.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. should be used. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Visit the AIAS website at www. Technology. and so forth.org. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . based on the AIA standards. Engineering.org.aias. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

and so on. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. For example. the number being its numerical value. Drawing Units Architectural drawing.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. it must have at least one door. If it lacks any of these components. it cannot be called a bedroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and one closet. a common area (such as a living room or family room). a bathroom. If there is a fire. A garage must be completely enclosed. one window. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . windows. A unit is a particular physical quantity. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. a garage. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. and so on. otherwise it is considered a carport. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state.Standards and Building Codes . like mechanical drawing. doors. defined and adopted by convention.

Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control.. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. or imperial. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . and other materials. using imperial units.. unit symbol m. its value is expressed in the unit meter. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. glass. unit symbol ft. in the United States. is 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. also known as the International System of Units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. the construction industry still uses the English. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. units are applied to dimensions. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. However. In architectural drafting. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. such as room size and wall height.For example. is 169 m. Here h is the physical quantity. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Another method is to apply dual notation. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure.

The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. one value representing another value. every 1/8" would represent 1'. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. line weight and pattern.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Each size is designated by a letter.) 8. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. sheets. and viewports. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). In Revit Architecture. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.Scales are ratios. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.Standards and Building Codes . QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.

Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. notes Demolition. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. site plan. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and then add a title block or other symbols. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create and position views. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. symbols. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. temporary Schedules Sections. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. elevators.a modified version of the AIA standard.01.

drawing scales. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Typically. so that the height is less than the width. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. fonts. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the HVAC company. annotation plot sizes. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Usually.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. For example. the electrician. The column is divided into sections. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. The next space is for tracking revisions. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents.Standards and Building Codes . the author of the drawing. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and so on. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the date drawn. followed by information on the building's owner. and layer standards. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. that is. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and other relevant information. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The paper is oriented landscape. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects.

title blocks. and so forth. layer settings. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. dimension and text styles.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. These can be used to build your model. dimension styles. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Math (STEM). Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. windows.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and walls. views. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . and Language Arts.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 .

Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 3. click Browse. you create a new project file using a template. 2.Standards and Building Codes . In the New Project dialog box. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. you use templates as starting points. apartments. Select a Template 1. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Condominiums. or store. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. On the application menu. click New > Project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. factory. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. In Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise.

rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. click Close to close this project without saving. Select the Residential-Default. Settings s 103 . You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 5. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. saving set up time. On the application menu. Click OK. In this exercise. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Click Open.4. 6. you started a new project file using a standard template.

the drawing setup options are preset. s Place the cursor over the left wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. In the courseware datasets folder. Build panel. The Wall tool remains active. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Pull the cursor to the right. expand Floor Plans under Views. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 3. 2. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.rvt. In this exercise. open ADA__Settings. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In the Project Browser. Click to start a new wall. The file opens to a 3D view. click Wall.Standards and Building Codes . s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

) 6. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 5. 7. s Set Unit symbol to m. Settings s 105 . Close the file without saving. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.4.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Click Format for Length. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 8. click to start a new wall. Place the cursor over the left wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. In this exercise. and move the cursor right.

Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. or insert components. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Temporary dimensions display when you select. click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. click Aligned. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. create. Click OK. 3. temporary and permanent. Open ADA_Dimensions. On the Annotate tab. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. enter Big Text. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimensions not only display. Dimension panel. 4. For Name. there are two types of dimensions. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 1.Standards and Building Codes . By default. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. but also control the size and location of objects.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. 2. click Edit Type.rvt.

s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 6. Settings s 107 . In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Click OK twice. Click to place.5. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 7. The Dimension tool is still active. left. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Select the top. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".

and far right vertical walls. 9. you opened an existing file. created a new dimension style. s s s Select the far left.8. In this exercise. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. upper. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Click to place the dimension. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. The Dimension tool stays active.

In the datasets folder. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 2. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. There are no annotations visible. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In order to do this. Notice the door and window tags. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. 3. These are annotations. In the Project Browser. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Settings s 109 . and the view window displays the new plan. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Right-click.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise.

1. Double-click to open it. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 7.4. 5. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. On the Manage tab. In the Project Browser. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click Rename. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. click Project Information. 6.Standards and Building Codes . 8. In the Project Browser. Settings panel. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. select Floor Plan: Level 1. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 9. Model Categories tab. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK to update the display of this view. Click OK.

(Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 3. Enter the address as shown. click Edit. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Rightclick.) 3. You can also enter the address of your school. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address.Add a Sheet 1. 2. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. 2. Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Settings s 111 .

Standards and Building Codes . In the Identity Data and Other sections. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Notice the change to the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. 5.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Click Apply. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.4. Next.

Settings s 113 .s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select the new viewport. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 4. 2. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Deactivate View. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 3. Click Activate View. Right-click in the view.

s Placed a view on the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. 6. of the sheet. deselect it. you: select it. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Close the file without saving. Finish the move. Place the cursor 7. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Added a sheet.5. The Scale updates in the title block.Standards and Building Codes . 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.

Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 3. 2. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. This is one of the longer exercises.5 title block template opens.5. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).rft. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Click Open. Settings s 115 . A copy of the 11 x 8. On the application menu. Start Revit Architecture. Select A-11x8. click New > Titleblock. It opens to the Recent Files window.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 4.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.Standards and Building Codes . 15. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. click Close. 11. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Accept the Sample Value. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Add a label for Checked By. On the application menu. s Click Add. Add a label for Sheet Number. you created a title block using a template file. 12. s Accept the Sample Value.rfa. 14. 13.Landscape. Accept the Sample Value. select Drawn By. 10.9. Right-click. Save the title block as A . 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Zoom to Fit. click Save to save the title block. Your teacher may specify another location. In this exercise. On the Quick Access toolbar. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Accept the Sample Value.

and then load a custom title block into your project. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Insert a Title Block 1. you create a new project file. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click New to create a new project using the default template. Locate your title block. Settings s 125 . A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Highlight the title block and click OK. On the View tab. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. 3.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 4. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. In the Recent Files window. 2. 5.

s For Checked By.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. s For Drawn By. enter your instructor's name. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. On the Manage tab. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . 3. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Settings panel. you a created a new project file. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 6. Select the title block. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. enter your name. click Project Information. Click OK. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. 4. enter Student Project Unit 3. Click OK. 2. 5. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette.

On the Insert tab. Create a Template In this exercise. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. angles. 3. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. 2. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. you define the title block. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. such as 3D and plan views. select Project Template. Click OK. and then load them like families. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Families: Load in families you use most often. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. in addition to predefined wall types. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and geometry from the template. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 1. and the units for your custom template. a dimension style. click New > Project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. In this exercise. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. including how the rendered image looks. In the New Project dialog box. settings. There are various settings you can define for your template. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and slope angle. you create a new project file. On the application menu.

10.Landscape.Standards and Building Codes . Click the Length field in the Format column. You create a custom dimension style. For Name. 8. click Duplicate. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Manage tab. click Settings panel > Project Units. Click OK. There will be no visible change. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6.rfa. Open the title block A . 5.4. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Set the units for the template. Next. enter 3/16" Verdana. create a Dimension Style. 9. On the Annotate tab. Click OK twice. 7.

The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 14. Click OK.11. Rightclick. 15. select Sheets (All). enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Select the A . Click New Sheet. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Settings s 129 . 12. In the Project Browser.

The title block updates. 17. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. as well as dimension style and units. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .16. In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Save your project template in your class project folder. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.rte. and units that you defined. You can use this template for future projects. title block.

and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

a. and symbols used in drawing? a. 1:12 c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. s Create labels. AIA b. s Create dimensions. is defined as what? a. Using AIA Standards. English c. False 3. s Create text. s Create a text style. dimension styles. you learned to: s Set units in a file. Metric d. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. True b. A particular physical quantity. A. General Questions 1. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A. UBC c. s Create a title block. 1:32 5. s Change lineweight. s Create a template. 1:24 d. 1:3 b. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design.05 c. NCSESA 2. A unit 4.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0".Standards and Building Codes . NCTM d. S. P. s Create a dimension style.02 b.02 d. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. An architect b. a. s Change dimension colors.

To change the scale of a view. Wall centerlines c. dimensions snap to: a. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Application menu > New > Sheet b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Point offsets 3. In Revit Architecture. To create a new sheet. False 6. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Wall midpoints d. True b. a. True b. By default. you use: a. False 4. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Wall faces b. Application menu > Properties b. you click: a. a. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. To set the units in a project.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 4. 5. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Define a wall structure.

or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. separate. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and protect its interior spaces. After completing this lesson. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. their construction and materials. List the different types of occupancy. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. or filling in between. them. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.Walls . 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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a dashed line displays. To modify a dimension. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . 4. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. an angular dimension displays. As you continue to move the cursor. Notice that a temporary dimension displays.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. It will not print.Brick on Mtl. but it disappears when you begin another action. indicating wall length.3. Expand the Type Selector list. 5. Click to set the endpoint. Stud. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. the dimension updates incrementally. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. click it to open an edit field. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Enter 10. After you create the wall. Select the Single Line option. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Clear the Chain option. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Walls s 151 . A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.

Set the Detail Level to Medium. The wall does not show any internal detail. 8.Walls . Create panel. Depending on your zoom in the view. Click to start the next wall. 7. Click the wall. click Modify to stop placing walls. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. the controls may sit on top of one another. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. click the Detail Level icon. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. enter 7. Press ENTER.6. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. On the Modify | Walls tab. Select panel. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . After setting the vertical wall's direction. click Create Similar. On the View Control Bar. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.

Also. no matter where you move the cursor. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Because you drew the wall from up to down. release the mouse button to set a new length. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that two dimensions display. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. 10. Select the right vertical wall. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right.9. Walls s 153 . a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click Modify. an alignment line displays. Because you drew this last wall from down to up.

On the Home tab. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. This is the same as clicking Modify. 13. Repeat. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 16. click Wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Select the lower vertical wall.Walls . Right-click. 12. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall.11. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Click Cancel. 15. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Build panel. 14. Sketch the walls as shown. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. When using the Chain option. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.

18. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 17. Click Zoom to Fit. After clicking the second end. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Modify. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. In this exercise. Clear the Chain option. Click Create Similar again. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 19. Walls s 155 .rvt. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 20. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.

Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.rvt from the previous exercise. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Split Walls 1. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. you first split the walls at the intersections. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Click Modify. and extend walls. Both split walls are shown below. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You now remove the upper right corner. To do this. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. fillet.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 4.Walls . 2. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. 3. trim. This exercise illustrates how to split. align. Only part of the wall highlights. Do the same for the vertical wall.

Fillet Walls 1. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Create panel. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. On the Options Bar. select Radius. 5. On the Modify | Walls tab. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You can also click the flip control. Enter 5'. Click Fillet Arc. Select any wall. click Create Similar. 3. click Delete. Modify panel. On the Modify | Wall tab. 2. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Walls s 157 . 4. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. If you make a mistake. click Undo and repeat the steps.

6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 2. Place an interior wall as shown. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. 1. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. You align the wall in the next steps.Walls . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. The Wall tool is still active. select Basic Wall: Interior .

To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Click to create a wall. s On the Options Bar. clear Chain. The length is not critical. The Wall Trim Tool 1. such as location lines. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned.4. Walls s 159 . Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. Pull the cursor straight up. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. You can lock the alignment.

3. 2. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The length is not critical. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the vertical wall as shown.Walls . The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 5. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The walls can cross. This will be the border. 4. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 6.

In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. align.7. Walls s 161 . and trim. fillet.rvt. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.

On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. click Edit Type. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 2. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 3.Walls . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. In the Project Browser. and vary in cost. The Modify tool is active by default. 1. satisfy different requirements.

For Name. s Click the number of Layer 3. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. click Edit in the Structure value field. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. To edit the structure of the wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. enter 8" Insulated Stud. When you are finished. Every layer of a wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. the wall structure should be as shown.4. 8. Click Insert twice. Add two additional layers to the wall. Walls s 163 . 7. has a Function you can edit. 6. s Click Up. 5. except Core Boundary. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Click OK. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click the arrow at the right. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click Down twice.

Modify the Function. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". which displays plan or section views. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls .Exterior . s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 13. 11. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Material to Finishes . 10. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.9. Material. s Set the Material to Wood . 12. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2".Interior Gypsum Wall Board.Stud Layer. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. select Finishes .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.

15. Walls s 165 . select Medium. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. From the Detail level list. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click Apply to update the view. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. 16.14. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. expand the Families branch. 17.

Expand Walls > Basic Wall.18. 20. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 19. Close the file without saving.Walls . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. defined a new wall structure. In this exercise. You opened an existing file. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Right-click 8" Exterior. From the Type Selector list. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.

for example. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. 3. you create and modify vertically compound walls.Brick on Mtl. You can define a wall type with these elements. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. wood rails. and a decorated interior surface.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. In this exercise.rvt. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Select one of the Exterior . The model opens in a 3D view. a structural mid-section. Stud walls as shown. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. 2. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.

You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. To define the structure of the wall. When you split a layer. In this exercise. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. either horizontally or vertically. or you will lose your changes. 1. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. into regions. Click Split Region. To split a layer or region horizontally. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 8. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the new regions assume the same material as the original.Walls . You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Wall structures are Type Properties. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. If not already expanded. click Edit. To split a layer or region vertically. 6. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. You can split regions into other regions.4. You can assign different materials to regions. As indicated in the dialog box title. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 7. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 5. so all instances of this type change. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You can set the sample height to any value. in the Structure value field. 2. You change the type. highlight one of the borders. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.

Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 4. 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Prehighlight a border between regions. Walls s 169 . Click to merge the two layers. In this case. 2.Brick layer. Click to split the region into two parts. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. When you merge regions. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 3. Click Merge Regions. assign Layer 1.3. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to merge them. The upper split disappears. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. After merge.

Next. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Revit converts the value to 12' 0".Walls . you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click Insert. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 3. Click again to return to the original position. After a region is split. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. instead of down. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. To create a new wall layer. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. In the Edit dialog box. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Press ENTER. indicating that it is modifiable. click Modify. If you set the split offset down from the top. The dimension text turns blue. Click the temporary dimension text. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. 4. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 1. s Select the split line. 2. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. to the next parallel line. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 2. 3. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 1. Change the value to 12.

Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Merge Region. and Insert Layer tools. Split Region. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 10. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. When a layer is selected in the table. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course.4. All walls of this type have been changed. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . It immediately highlights in blue. The preview changes appearance. 8. Walls s 171 . 7. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click OK. as shown. Modify. 9. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. It also shows a thickness value. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. 5. Click OK. 6. In this exercise. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Close the file without saving.Brick Soldier Course layer. Change the Material to Masonry . because it is now the selected layer.

Walls . piping. earth. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. ducting.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and protected. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and insulation. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the ventilation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the view. but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Custom types and sizes can also be built. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Doors and Windows . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

ft.7 sq.Doors and Windows . must be provided by the window being used as an egress.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5.

how to load additional door and window families. s Copy windows.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Math (STEM). Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and copy these elements. technology. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. s Center a door in a wall. engineering. Components such as doors. windows. and Language Arts. you learn how to place doors and windows. In this unit. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Technology. move. and how to position. and furniture are defined in family files. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. This lesson relates to science.

Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. To reverse the swing. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. To flip the door. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. In other words.Doors and Windows . On the Home tab. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. 2. Build panel. Add Doors 1. or 3D view. click Door. This can be done in a plan view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. elevation view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. the door swing would be to the left side. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . When placing doors in a plan view. 3. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Once a door is placed. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family.

rfa. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". The display does not change. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. except for the Type Selector. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. and windows into project files.Load Families 1. In order to keep file size small. Mode panel. on the Modify | Place Door tab. From the Type Selector list. Doors and Windows s 189 . Click Open. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. 3. click Load Family. With the Door command active. 2. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. walls.

Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.4. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. From the Type Selector. If necessary. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

Place instances of single doors as shown. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. or by using the swing control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click.6. simply click it and enter the correct value. If you place a door in the wrong location. Remember.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. click Modify and select the window. On the Home tab. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Open Unit5_doors. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Add Windows 1.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Windows have exterior and interior sides. or 3D view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. From the Type Selector. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. elevation view. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. the outside of the window is to the left side. You can place windows in a plan view. 2. click Window. approach the wall from the right side. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Build panel. When placing windows in a plan view. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window.

Doors and Windows . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. you opened an existing project. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.3. Window tags do not number in sequence. Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 5. You do not need to add dimensions. and placed windows. 4.rvt. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. In this exercise. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . loaded a door family.

1. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 2. and modify the wall. On the Annotate tab.rvt. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 3. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. window. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Dimension panel. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. you open an existing project file. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. 4. constrain it to be centered in a wall. click Aligned.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. s Align and modify walls. wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. place a door. and so on. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted.

Click the center of the door. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the other wall will remain aligned.Doors and Windows . The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.s s s s Click the left wall. This means that if one wall shifts. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Notice the symbol. Select the upper wall first. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The walls are now aligned. Click the lock icon to enable it. Align Walls 1. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the right wall. 5. 6. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 2. The door changes location.

5. Change the dimension to 16. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. 3.) The dimension value is now shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Dimensions display below it. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 197 . Clear the EQ Display value.4. The walls shift and remain aligned.

Right-click. you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.Doors and Windows .6. 7. Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

In this exercise. 1. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 2. click Create Similar. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 4. Create panel. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. especially if there are many different types. Doors and Windows s 199 . Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.rvt. On the Modify | Windows tab. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.

Doors and Windows . click Copy.Copy Windows 1. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 4. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 2. 3. The window is copied. Modify panel. The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the window you just placed. On the Modify | Windows tab. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. In this exercise. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.Doors and Windows . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. heat. The stability of glass in response to wind. cold. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

you learned to: s Place doors. 30" c. 34" 4. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 36" c. True b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. Custom 3. 32" d. General Questions 1. s Align a door or window. s Position a door or window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 28" b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. If a room is used for sleeping. Standard b. s Place a window. a. 40" d. False 2. 32" b. s Copy a door or window. a.

Select the door. Right-click. Select the door. The center snap 7. Duplicate d. Properties 3. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click Flip Direction. c. Clone b. you use ________. Select the door. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. a. Door and window tags are placed automatically. a. Click Door Properties. you: a. False 5. Click Door Properties. b. b. Copy 8. a. a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Use door grips to reposition. To change the location of a door or window. Offset c. Load c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Select the door. d. a.Doors and Windows . Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. True b. To center a door or window in a wall. Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but is available from the Revit Architecture library. you use: a. c. Load from Library b. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. 4. False 2. 6. Insert d. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. Link c. d. A reference plane b.

(Student) Evaluate students. s Create railings.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . Review stairs and railings. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 3. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 5. 4. 6. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify stair boundaries.

Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . After completing this lesson. stair and railing types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the different stair types.

Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Math (STEM). and math standards. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Once the actual riser height is determined. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Then. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. such as ice and snow.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".

Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . U-shaped stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. or tread. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can define straight runs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). of certain horizontal depth or run. Technology. and stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. You create stairs in a plan view. engineering. As you move the cursor. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. or vertical circulation. Math (STEM). rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. ramps. The riser and run values update accordingly.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology. and spiral stairs.Stairs and Railings . When you click to establish the start point of stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and Language Arts. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. For safety reasons. In multistory buildings. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. s Create U-shaped stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. which includes elevators. s Add a railing. s Modify stairs.

This file is in metric units. Before you create the stairs. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. This enables you to place the stairs properly. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. On the Properties palette.rvt. From the courseware datasets folder. you create stairs using a straight run. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Stairs and Railings s 217 .

You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). These tools are used to define your stairs. Run is preselected. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. Circulation panel. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this case. click Stairs. On the Home tab. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Click OK to close the dialog box.4. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. 5. you create a straight run.Stairs and Railings .

and then click to define the run of stairs. On the Mode panel. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 9. You can continue to move the cursor up. Select this intersection point to start your run. Revit displays the number of risers you created. To change the run dimension. If you have not fully created the run.6. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 10. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. As you move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 8. select Finish (green check). 7. the run footprint stops expanding. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.

220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you created and placed a straight run stair. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.11. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.Stairs and Railings . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 12. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. and switched to a 3D view. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. In this exercise.rvt. click application menu > Save As > Project. 13. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. To avoid overwriting the original file.

The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. click Align. Stairs and Railings s 221 . On the Modify tab. The stair is not centered on the landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Level 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.rvt. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Activate view Floor Plans. Edit panel.

Stairs and Railings . hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. which is located at the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. select Wall centerlines. You can rotate your model to get a better view.4. 5. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. from the Prefer list. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. The Align command remains active. Take time to make the selections correctly. Click the center of the wall first. If you have a scroll mouse. On the Options Bar.

7.6. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. On the Properties palette. 8. s For Name. 9. Change Width to 1350. and Dimensions subsections. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. enter Lobby Stairs. expand Sections (Building Section). Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. On the Properties palette. Graphics. Hover the cursor over the railing. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. s Click OK. click Edit Type. As you prehighlight them. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Select the stairs. In the Project Browser. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. railings were created with the stairs. s Click Duplicate. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 .

Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Cherry s s Click Modify. Lobby Stair View. Select both railings. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.10. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Stairs and Railings .

13. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.12. In the Type Selector. s Zoom in on the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. click Edit Sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. 14. Delete this line. The railings change. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. you change the shape of the stairs. Mode panel. Next. Click it to select it. The stair changes to the run sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Stairs and Railings s 225 .

19. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 16.Stairs and Railings . s On the Modify panel. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click the left end of the top riser. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 18. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the second arc endpoint. Click to place the arc. 17. Click Modify. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.15.

This will define a rounded first step. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the right boundary. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the left boundary. the arc center point. Click to exit the Mirror command. Next. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. click Riser. For the third point. The left boundary will be mirrored. First. 20.21. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.

Open the {3D} view to see the results. you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22. You also modified the properties of a railing.Stairs and Railings .rvt. On the Mode panel. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. 23. click Finish.

s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools.rvt from the previous exercise. you need to define a path for the railing. Click Modify. 2. Zoom into the landing area as shown. s s Sketch a Railing 1. 3. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. The completed exercise To create a railing. This is typically done in plan view. For simple railings. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Select the right side railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Therefore. In this case. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you sketch the plan view path.

click Line. To set the exact distance. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Mode panel. You do not need to add dimensions. On the Draw panel. Then. Once the railing is selected. edit the temporary dimension. select Chain. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint.4. on the Modify | Railings tab.Stairs and Railings . Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 7. 6. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. s s On the Options Bar. The dimensions are shown as a guide. 5. click Edit Path.

You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 8. Delete your lines and try again. 9. In this exercise.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt.

s On the Home tab.rvt from the previous exercise. Work Plane panel. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. In a floor plan view. s On the Options Bar. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Create a Reference Plane 1. set the Offset value to 850. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . 2. you create a reference plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.

Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. change the Width parameter to 900. Click Edit Type. To start sketching the run. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. On the Properties palette. Circulation panel. Matte 2. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Pull the cursor straight up. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Click OK twice. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 3. 5. click Stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. On the Home tab. 6. enter Exit Stairs. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Dark Gray. Click OK. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. For Name. 4.

Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.Stairs and Railings . If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.7. 9. Press ENTER. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 8. Move the pointer to the right. Click to place the first run. with none remaining to be created. enter 1925.

11. click Finish Stairs. You want to inspect your stairs. If you get an error message.10. On the Stairs panel. To remove the lines. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. 2. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Click Finish Stairs again. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. you select Continue to return the sketch. Remove the additional lines. it is because you have overlapping lines. On the View Control bar. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Use Hide/Isolate 1. but they are hidden behind walls.

Stairs and Railings . Select the stairs so they highlight. 3. 5. Zoom in to see your stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 4. On the Properties palette. you learned to create a reference plane. The walls are now hidden. In this exercise. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Reset the Display 1. 2. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.rvt. 6.3. The exterior walls reappear. This is a multistory stair. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Finally. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. On the View Control Bar. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. and to create a U-shaped stair. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.

and elevators. escalators. ramps.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 .

s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. but they can also be highly decorative. Include landings as required by your local building code.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . this openness makes them fire hazards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.Stairs and Railings . smoke guards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. and deliver riders without wait time. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. They cost less.

Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. True b. 25 degrees b. 90 degrees d. and all treads should be the same run. you learned to: s Create stairs. True b. a. 36" d. 40" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 180 degrees 3. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. a. b. s Create railings. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 30" b. General Questions 1. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. a. False 2. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. s Modify stair boundaries. 45 degrees c. 32" c.

Run. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. False 6. riser d. Line b. you use the _______ option. True b. Railings. Attach Railing c. Rectangle c. a. Home b. risers 3. Insert 2.Stairs and Railings . False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . riser lines c. Boundary lines. that is. Circle 4. risers and treads. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Fasten Railing 5. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Modify c. risers b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. You can apply materials to different stair components. Manage d. True b. a. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Align Railing d. Arc d. Treads. To create railings on stairs without railings. Pick New Host b.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

(Student) 10. (Student) 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 4. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. s Place gutters. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Evaluate Students. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 3. s Place fascia. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 5. Lesson Plan 1. Review of roof types. s Define a roof structure.

Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and downspouts. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. tiles. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. gutters. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Identify the different roof types. After completing this lesson. and pitch of a sloped roof. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. run. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. roof types. It addresses roof construction.Roofs . Calculate the rise.

s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. About Roofs s 243 . This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. and math standards. and Language Arts.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Engineering. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Math (STEM). s Rake: The inclined. To review the list of standards for each lesson. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

and if visible. and colors. resistance to wind and fire. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. texture. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. rot. Sloped roofs. You can use them for many different applications. are designed for shedding water and snow. durability. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. as well as how effective a shelter it is. snow. These are used more often on upscale homes. and sun. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. the roofing pattern. both low and steep. the roofing pattern. and if visible. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. maintenance. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. They come in several types. and sunlight. brands. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. maintenance. resistance to wind and fire. and color. fire-resistant. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. resulting in at least one textured face. and low maintenance roofing material. About Roofs s 245 . s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and color. durability. texture.

reinforced plastic. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof.Roofs . treatment for insects. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Unfortunately. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. galvanized steel. galvanized steel. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. or corrugated structural glass. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. durable. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. fiberglass. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. and insulating capability (R-value). A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. They are fire-resistant. Therefore. odor. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. choose a type that will suit your needs. consider such factors as cost. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. quality. special characteristics (for example. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. zinc alloy. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. This same roof on a clear. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. When choosing the insulation for your job. and require little maintenance. and so forth).

Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Roofs . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. where as. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. A number indicates the value of the rise. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. and span. run. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. The run value is typically equal to 12.

7 on 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . try to specify standard roof pitch. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 and 12.Roofs . Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7-12. 7 to 12.When designing a roof. and pitch is noted as a fraction.

s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Create a hip roof. or roof overhangs. To create a roof by face. or eaves. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. dormers. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. you can add gutters. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Create a roof fascia. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Create various roof types. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. water. and fascia. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Once you create a roof. snow. or ice. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Place gutters. that convey rainwater to drains.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. often supporting a gutter. s Assign roof structure and materials. soffits. Roofs s 255 . or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof.

Roofs . technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Technology. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

In the Work Plane dialog box. To create an extruded roof. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click OK to continue.rvt. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 4.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 2. Open ADA_Roofs. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. select the Name option. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.. you create an extruded roof. 3. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.

Click Open View. On the Work Plane panel. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 3. s Use the image below for guidance. In the Go To View dialog box. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Drawing Reference Planes 1.Roofs .5. 4. click Ref Plane. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 2. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. click Line. Before sketching the roof's profile. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Draw panel. select Section: Section 1. The section view should display as shown. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 6.

To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click Modify.6. Using a positive offset value. 5. s Select the new dimension. Roofs s 259 . Using the image below for guidance.

Right-click. 7. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you can label them. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane.Roofs . On the Mode panel. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. click Chain. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 6. for Name. 4. On the Properties palette. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. click Line. 5. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. enter Horizontal. 2. Click Modify. 1. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. click Finish (green check). s On the Options Bar. 3.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click OK.

8. Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 261 .12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.

Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 1. This is a two-step process. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Edit Geometry panel. Using the images for guidance. 2. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown.Roofs . On the Modify tab. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. carefully select the far right roof edge. 3.

the vertical walls extrude through the roof.4. 3. Select the roof. However. On the Modify Wall panel. Roofs s 263 . select Attach Wall: Top. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Select both walls. open the view Sections: Section 1. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Options Bar. This will join the wall tops to the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. 2. To select both walls together. Trim Walls 1. In the Project Browser.

264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4. The roof now looks correct. In this exercise.Roofs .rvt. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5.

Because you are in a 3D view. In this exercise. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. On the Home tab.rvt. 3. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. by Footprint. so you look straight down as in a plan. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. you create a gable roof using a footprint. From the drop-down list. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Unit7_first_roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. Click Yes. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. from existing walls. select Garage Roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The footprint sketch is created at 2. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. 1. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . 4. Build panel.

If you place a line on the wrong side. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. click Defines Slope. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.Roofs . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. click Pick Walls.5. Next. s On Options Bar. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 7. 8. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 6. select the vertical wall on the left. clear the Defines slope option. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Use the image below for guidance.0".

To complete the roof.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Change this value to 6"/12". Click Modify. When a roof line is set to slope defining. By default. That value displays next to the slope arrow. click Yes. defining lines separately. Click the 9"/12" text. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. 3. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. The new roof displays. Roofs s 267 . Select the left slope defining line. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. 2. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. click Finish. change the value to 6"/12". It becomes an editable field. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Other controls also display. 1. Select the right side roof line.

4. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. In this exercise. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 5.Roofs . 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Build panel. 3. click to select them. 2. On the Options Bar. On Home tab. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. To chain-select all of the walls.rvt. When all of the walls prehighlight. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Roofs s 269 . 4. set the overhang to 1' 0".Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file opens to a 3D view. Clear Defines Slope. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.

Using the image for guidance. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. click Rectangle.Roofs . 4. On the Draw panel. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Create a Roof Opening 1. As an alternate. Right-click. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 2. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area. 3. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

select the Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Roofs s 271 . The slope indicator displays. Select the left lower horizontal line. As in the previous exercise. Click Modify. horizontal line. 3. 4. click Yes. select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. 6.Add Slope Lines 1. 2. Select the uppermost. Click Finish. 5.

Roofs .7. attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration.rvt. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 8.

Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 3.rvt. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Roofs s 273 . The file should open to a 3D view. Select Defines Slope. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. On the Options Bar. Select the three walls shown in the image. Create the Roof 1. you create a hip roof. The completed exercise On the Home tab.0".Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 4. Zoom into the area shown. 5. set Overhang to 2' .

Roofs . s On the Draw panel. you use the Line tool. s s Clear Defines Slope. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Right-click the ViewCube. Raise the Roof 1.0". Switch to a 3D View. Click Finish to complete the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. In addition. Click OK. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.7. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . click Line. 3. To close the roof sketch. 2. On the Properties palette. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. 6.

Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first.

Roofs .rvt. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. In this exercise.

you create a shed roof using the footprint method.rvt. click Line. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 3.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Create a Shed Roof 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 2. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Roofs s 277 . 7. 5. click Pick Walls. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 6. The file should open to a 3D view. 4.

Roofs . 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Select the lower. On the Properties palette.8. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Click Modify. 11. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 12. 10. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Click Toggle Slope Defining. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 13. Right-click the line. 9.

15.rvt.14. Switch to a 3D view. In this exercise. 17. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Finish the Roof. Click OK. click Yes. Roofs s 279 . 16. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 18. you created a shed roof using a footprint.

Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Cutoff Level list. select Level 3. 4. On the Properties palette.Roofs . Activate the view North Elevation. Select the Roof. 5. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You see four levels defined in the model. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. On the menu bar. The roof updates. 2.rvt. Open the Default 3D view.

11. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. Switch to a 3D View. 13. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 8. To set the slope for the new roof. In this exercise. click Pick Lines. 9. 12. set the slope value to 3"/12". Finish the Roof. 10. 7. select Defines Slope. Zoom and spin to see your model.6. Select the inner rectangle as shown. on the Properties palette.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Draw panel. Roofs s 281 .

2. thereby reducing energy consumption.Roofs . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. 3. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Select the main roof over the house. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 1.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. In the Type Selector.rvt. The file should open to a 3D view.

Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 4. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 3. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. s Click OK. It is a generic roof type. click Edit. enter Clay Tile. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Roofs s 283 . For Name.Define a Roof Structure 1. For Structure Value. click Edit Type. click Duplicate. Select the roof over the garage. 5. Select Layer 2 as shown. Click Insert to add a layer. 2.

click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Click OK twice. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". select Model. 7. s Click OK. In this exercise. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 8.Roofs . The garage roof displays a pattern.s s s In the Materials dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.rvt. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

click Load From Library panel > Load Family. to support a gutter. On the Insert tab.rfa. On the Home tab. 4. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. click Roof > Fascia. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. In this exercise. Roofs s 285 .rvt. 3. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 2. Click Open. or for decoration. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. In the Open dialog box.

5. Click OK. 6. click Edit Type. Matte. for Profile. Click Duplicate. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Set the Material value to Metal .Paint Finish Ivory. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.Roofs . For Name. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.

In this exercise. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. you defined and applied a roof fascia.8. 9. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. Roofs s 287 .

Under Material parameter. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. under Profile parameter. Place Gutters In this exercise. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . For Name. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. select Metal Aluminum. s Click Duplicate. you add gutters to a building. 1. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 3.Bevel: 5" x 5".rvt. The completed exercise 4. 6. 5. On the Home tab. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 2. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK. click Roof > Gutter.Roofs . select Gutter .

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 11. 8. In this exercise. Roofs s 289 . Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. If you click the interior face.7.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 10. you attached gutters to a roof. 9. Segments will clean up at corners. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.

s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . heat. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. water.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m.

Gable b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a.Roofs . Low b. General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Place fascia. None of the above 3. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Shed 4. False 2. Hip c. s Define a roof structure. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the run is always 12. Gambrel d. When referring to roof slope. s Place gutters. Medium c. a. a. True b. True b. High d.

a. True b. False 7. Defines Slope c. Material 8. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. d. c. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. False 5. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. True b. 10. a. Sketch. Activate Slope 9. Add Slope b. TAB b. extrusion. Footprint. extrusion. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Turn slopes on or off. Walls. Footprint b. Create Slope d. Change the direction of the slope. Face 3. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. a. Extrusion d. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. lines c. Roofs can be created using ______. b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. pick d. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. a. Trim/Extend b. False Summary/Questions s 293 . DEL d. Footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Expand/Contract 6. ______ or _______. Footprint b. a. face b. a. profile. SHIFT c. To add a slope to a roofline. Walls d. you use: a. Cut/Lengthen c. Create an opening. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Change the direction of the roof. profile 2. Slope c. sketch. A compound roof contains layers. place a check mark next to: a. True b. Sketch c. ENTER 4.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create a section view. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.

the location of special equipment. bathrooms. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and tool racks. In a commercial structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and special equipment. floor. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. In a residential building. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. cabinetry. After completing this lesson. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. the kitchen. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Elevations are derived from the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.

engineering. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Engineering.

Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. framing. and are properly cross-referenced. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. t Cross or transverse sections. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. across its narrower dimension. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. and foundation plans. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Vertical transportation method (stairs).Sections and Elevations .s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. on the long axis of the building.

unnecessary. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

For larger elevations. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements.Sections and Elevations .

refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. shadows. cars. The size of the object is listed first. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. and then the name of the material. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. bushes. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. With interior elevations." Mfr. South. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Unnecessary Information Shades. For example. and so forth. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Therefore. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. For siding. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. people. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. For a wood structure. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. followed by any additional information about spacing. this is reversed. however. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. You may. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. East. quantity. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the titles assigned (North. or methods of installation.

304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The trim is usually glued into place. doors. It may have curves. doors and direction of door swings.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. dishwashers. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and types of finish materials used. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. and other appliances. shelf arrangements. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. casements. flush overlay. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. or decorative patterns. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. or linoleum) and the wall. Hinges are concealed. coving. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. and lip. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. which is a formed pressboard. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. wood. This is more costly than regular overlay. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. or a baseboard. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Molding is usually made of plaster. tile. or MDF. and special equipment such as toilets. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. It can also be used around doorways and windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. windows. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. and materials used. other openings. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame.Sections and Elevations . This is usually done using a topset. chamfers.

and a section symbol on all plans.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Create an interior elevation. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Change the section head. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout.

Sections and Elevations . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and Language Arts. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Once created. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. like an elevation. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. A section is a horizontal view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. engineering. Engineering. Technology. and math standards. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Sections and Elevations s 307 . or other section view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. By resizing the crop region.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.

and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. s Add detail notes. s Add structural details. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add breaklines as needed. Slope is also referred to as pitch. tracing over the existing elements. In the example shown. So. Details are crucial for effective construction. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. the slope of this roof is 2:12. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. In a set of construction documents. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Once you create the detail section. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. which is spoken as 2 in 12. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. such as anchor bolts and siding.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations . try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create panel. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Create a Section View 1. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 4. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The completed exercise 6. Open the file ADA_Sections. On the View tab. 3.rvt. 2. click Section. The file opens to a 3D view. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The Section command is available from the View tab. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.

3. This is called the crop region. 2. On the Properties palette. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The actual location is not critical. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary.Sections and Elevations . and it has control grips to resize it. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Section Properties 1. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. With the section line selected. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Save the file as Unit8_section1. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The section view updates. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Clear Crop Region Visible.4. When you drew the section line.rvt. 6. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). In this exercise. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 7. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Sections and Elevations s 313 . 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you automatically created a section view. 8. In the Properties palette. The view is listed in your Project Browser.

6.rfa. and Section Head . Select Section Head-Open. In this exercise. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. click Load Family. On the Insert tab. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 2. Section Head . On the Manage tab. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.rvt. enter Open Arrow. 5. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Several section head families are available. Click OK. They include Section Head .No Arrow. The view does not change.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.Filled. 7. 3. Click Open to load the family.1 point Filled. Load from Library panel. Settings panel.Sections and Elevations . For Name.

No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Sections and Elevations s 315 .rvt. 14. select Open Arrow. 9. Click OK.Open. For Name. select Section Head . click Edit Type. Click OK. Select the section line. Save as Unit8_section_open. 12. In this exercise.8. enter Open Arrow. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. On the Properties palette. 10. For Section Head. 13. 11. Click Duplicate. In the Section Tag field. The section head updates to the new head type.

you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. To reposition the callout head. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it.Sections and Elevations . On the Options Bar. 3. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.rvt. Use the image below for guidance. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 5. 6. Create panel. 2. click Callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. This is a building section. On the View tab. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. select the border of the callout. 4. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles.

On the Properties palette.7. Line is selected automatically. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly.rvt. but not strongly. You can add detail lines. 1. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. click Region > Filled Region. 3. select Chain. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. On the Annotate tab. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. region patterns. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 2. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. detail components. Detail panel. 8. as shown. Sections and Elevations s 317 . 4.

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the upper and right side lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click OK. 6. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. On the Properties palette. Click Modify.5. 7. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations . enter Earth. For Name.

From the Fill Pattern list. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 2. 1. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK.8. click Load Family. the pattern becomes visible. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.rfa. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component. 3. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Finish (green check). If you zoom in closer. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.Section. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click Open. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. On the Annotate tab. 9. On the Mode panel. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.

select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.Sections and Elevations . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Click OK. 5. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. In the Specify Types dialog box. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Add another Detail Component. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Using the image below for guidance. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. 8. From the Type Selector list. Move it after placement if necessary. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.6. 7. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.

From the Type Selector. This component represents the subflooring. On the Properties palette. set the Thickness to 3/4". Click Modify. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. select anchor bolt. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Select the vertical plywood. Use the image below for guidance. Click Component > Detail Component. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 11. 10.9.Sections and Elevations . Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 12.

Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Add another Detail Component. select Multiple. Use the image below for guidance. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Copy.13. select Lap Siding. 14.

On the Annotate tab. From the Line Style Selector. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.Sections and Elevations . 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Detail panel. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. click Detail Line.15. Add Detail Lines 1. 2. 16. select Wide Lines. Start at the end of the siding. Save the file.

Still using Wide Lines. 5. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 4. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Zoom out.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel.

Right-click. Detail panel. The wall display updates. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select the wall so it highlights. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 2. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 8. identified as Wall material 1. 7. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 9. you show the gypsum board in the wall.Sections and Elevations . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Add Insulation 1.6. Save the file. click Insulation. Click Edit in the Structure field. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify. 10. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Next. select the Material field in row 3.

select Break Line. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Detail panel. 1. On the Annotate tab. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Your view should resemble the image shown. 3. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.2. click Component > Detail Component.

Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Save the file. To complete the detail. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 5. 7. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The Detail Component tool is still active. 6. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Click Zoom to Fit. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Place the breakline as shown. You place another breakline. and detail components to it. The view should resemble the image shown.4.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. detail lines.

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 1. 2. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The size of the object is listed first. To add notes. weatherproofing. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The border around the view will disappear. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA).rvt. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. or methods of installation. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. With nothing selected in the view. s Clear Annotation Crop.

insulation. From the Type list. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . As you pull your cursor to the right. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. click Text. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 10. 9.Sections and Elevations . 5. 12.4. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. click Two Segments. Finally. Move the pointer up 11. 7. On the Annotate tab. 6. leader arrow as shown. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. On the Format panel. 8. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Text panel.4" WEATHERING. R13. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box.

Sections and Elevations s 331 .TYPE X. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.C. 15. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. or wood treated with preservative against rot.C. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Click off the text to finish the entry. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 19. is an acronym for On Center. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board... Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 18. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 16. 14. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.13. Enter 5/8" GWB . 17. .C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. as the second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. O.C. Start the next text at the baseboard. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 20.

rvt.Sections and Elevations . 21. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 23. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click ENTER to start a second line. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. In this exercise.. Click Modify. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 22. Click Zoom to Fit.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.

You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click Open. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Project Browser.rvt. Click OK to exit the dialog box. or elevation view. 5. Click New Sheet. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. highlight Sheets. Right-click.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 333 . section. 3. 6. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. click Load. Highlight your title block. Locate the A-Landscape. 4. The new sheet becomes the current view. In this exercise. 2. and locate the detail view on it. you will want to add the views to a sheet.

Click the control at its left end. close to the crop border. Drag it to the right. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Hide Crop Region. 8. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 9. click Show Crop Region. Select a Level Line. select view Detail at Foundation. In the Project Browser.7. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View Control Bar.Sections and Elevations .

highlight the new sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In this exercise. 13. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Right-click. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.10. s Modified the label values in the title block. For Number. For Name. In the Project Browser. Click Rename. 12. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. enter S.301.rvt. Click OK. 11. you: s Created a new sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Click Zoom to Fit.

Open ADA_Elevations. 5. Right-click. four elevation views are included: north. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. When you create a project with a template. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. The elevation markers are now visible. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). and west. s Add any necessary dimensions. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.Sections and Elevations . s Add material notes. south. Select Elevations. 2. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. It is defined by the green dotted line.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 6. 3. s Add slope indication for roof. 4. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. east. Click OK. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 2.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Set the display for building components as needed. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the Annotations tab.

Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Next. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 4. 5. On the Modelling tab. On the Annotations tab. 3. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. On the View Control Bar. clear Planting. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.2. clear Sections. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

Click the button that displays to select a material. Select the Material field for Layer 1. you activated an elevation view. In the Type Properties dialog box. In this exercise. modified its display. select Edit in the Structure field. Select the wall.rvt. and modified the wall display characteristics. click Edit Type. 8.Sections and Elevations . 9. Select Sand. It will be identified as Condo . 10. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.Exterior Stucco. On the Properties palette.7. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. click to open the list. Click Zoom to Fit. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. In Surface Pattern. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 13. 11. 12.

4. The size of the object is listed first. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Add a note for the stone wall. 3.rvt. Enter TX. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Add a note for the foundation. Set the Leader type to One Segment. or methods of installation. In the Type Selector. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 5. quantity. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.

7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9. Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations .rvt.6. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 8.

Dimension panel. On the Annotate tab. click Spot Slope. from the Slope Representation list. Sections and Elevations s 341 . you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Click to select the roof line.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise.rvt. select Triangle. enter 1/8". 3. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Options Bar. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 1. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 5. Click again to locate the slope indicator. For Offset from Reference. 6. 4. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof.

Click Modify. click Aligned. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable.7. 9. Click to locate the slope indicator. Dimension panel. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click to select the roof line.Sections and Elevations . Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 10. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. On the Annotate tab. 11. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.

Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.rvt. 13. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. leaders. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Arrange notes. select wall breaks and levels. and vertical dimensions. 14. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and dimensions for clarity. The west elevation now contains material notes. slope indicators. In this exercise. To create a continuous dimension as shown.12.

3. Click Find Referring Views. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. kitchens. dimensions.Sections and Elevations . equipment rooms. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Highlight the view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. and cabinetry.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Open View. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. In this exercise. 2. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom.rvt. special closets. In the Project Browser. This view was already defined in the drawing. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Right-click.

Select Suppress 0 Feet.4. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Dimension panel. s s s s Click Duplicate. 5. 6. Clear Use Project Settings. Sections and Elevations s 345 . click OK. On the Annotate tab. Right-click. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click the value field for Units Format 8. 7. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. In the Name box. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. click Aligned.

Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style. 10.9. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Using the Text and Dimension tools. detail the interior section.rvt. In this exercise. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.

Cabinetry d. Nobody in Charge d. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. it depends. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. 4. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Show the relationships between elements. c. b. False 3. Walls c. All of the above 5. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Create material annotations. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Not in Concrete b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . s Create filled regions. is always the true orientation. The direction the viewer is facing. b. Not in Contract c. The direction the structure is facing. All of the above. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. General Questions 1. a. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Create slope annotations. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. c. True b. 2. s Create a section view. Either one. d. such as north.

c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. False 2. West c. 4. b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. True b. b. but not a 6.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Click Add View. a. d. Which elevation is it? a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. The boundaries of the view. False 5. East b. Sun and Shadow b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. a. d.Sections and Elevations . Element properties c. The height of the view. North 3. c. The Visual Style of the view. The dotted line indicates: a. b and c. click Sheet Composition > View. you use: a. The detail level of the view. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Right-click. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. South d. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View tab.

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . s Load a schedule tag. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Review Schedules. 4. s Reformat a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 6. 3.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. width. and thickness.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. such as reference number. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. About Schedules s 351 . and math standards. Engineering. about the building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. Technology. height. Some of these building objects include. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.

Instance. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.Schedules . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. depending on the style of the architectural firm. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. the same primary information is included. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. However. There are different types of schedule tables. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).

About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. E for electrical. and A for appliances. Using the software. A circle. However. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . window.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. hexagon. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Other letters are P for plumbing. Like schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. The following image shows door. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. these tags can be placed automatically or manually.Schedules . or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.

drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Project templates include preset schedules. hardware. s Create a room schedule. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. technology. Schedules s 355 . rooms. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. and math standards. s Export a schedule. equipment. materials. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedules list items such as doors. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and you can create your own schedules.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). s Add room tags. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Technology.

Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. and you set the schedule to display totals.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.rvt. 2. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Schedules . s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.

Add Count. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Schedules s 357 . You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Select Windows from the list. Height. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed.s Window Tag 5. 7. select Comments. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Type Mark. and Width. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 6. In Available Fields. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Level. 4. 3. On the View tab. Click Add.

Schedules .8. Select the fields. 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. from left to right. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move the fields so they display in the order shown. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.

Schedules s 359 . select Type Mark. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Select Blank Line. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. but without any useful calculations yet. From the Sort By list. 1. 3. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.

3.Schedules . click Edit. 4. you can have the schedule report this. In order to calculate the total number of windows. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. In the Project Browser. in this case). Rather than make a manual calculation. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. On the Properties palette. click the schedule name. in the Then By sorting field.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. 2. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . clear Itemize Every Instance. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. select Level. for Sorting/ Grouping. 1. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. Notice how the schedule has changed. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.

for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. and Totals. s Set the schedule to display category totals.5. 6. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. From the list. select Footer. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.rvt. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. click Edit 7. Schedules s 361 . The totals for each window type now display. On the Properties palette. select Title. Count. In this exercise.

3. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Room & Area panel. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . based on the amount of space in each room. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 2. click Room > Room. In this exercise. Room size. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. occupancy. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. floor type. 4. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. Click Open. 5. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Locate the file named Room Tag. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Open ADA_Room_Tags. ceiling type. On the Home tab. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.rvt.Schedules .

a total of 7. and in the hall as shown. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Room & Area panel. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. The tag displays at the end of your cursor.In the Type Selector. 8. Click Modify to terminate the placement. 6. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Schedules s 363 . click Room > Room Separation Line. On the Home tab. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 7.

s Click the Room text. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Place a room tag below the room separation line. 12. 13. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. On the Room & Area panel.9. click Room. The room tag updates. Click Modify. An edit box activates. Select Room #2. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The area value for Room 7 updates. The cursor changes to sketch mode.Schedules . s Change the word Room to Manager. 10. 11. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.

s Added a room separation. Schedules s 365 . 15. enter Sales. On the Properties palette. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag.rvt.14. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. In this exercise. s Tagged various objects. for Name. s Changed room tag field values.

Schedules . Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. On the View tab. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Click Add--> after each selection. enter Square Footage Report. 4. 3. 6. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Set the Sort By value to Number. For Name. In the Available Fields pane. Click OK.rvt. 2. Name. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Create panel. The completed exercise 5. select Number. Create a Room Schedule 1. and Area to be included in your schedule. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.

Select Grand Totals.7. Highlight the Number field. 9. s Set Units to Square Feet. 10. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Change the Heading to No. s Set Alignment to Right. Select Title and Totals from the list. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. clear Use Project Settings. Click OK. s Select Calculate Totals. Highlight the Area field. Click the Formatting tab. 8. In the Format dialog box. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Click Field Format. Schedules s 367 .

s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. you: s Created a room schedule. Click OK to exit the dialog box.11. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt.Schedules . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Totaled one of the columns. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. 12. In this exercise.

Browse to a directory to save your report. Double-click it to open it. 6. On the application menu. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. You can then use this file in other applications. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Using your Windows Explorer. you export the room schedule to a text file. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 2. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Schedules s 369 . This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The file is created. Click OK. Click Save.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications.txt) file. 3. Note the formatting that has been applied.rvt. locate the file you created. 5. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 4.

You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. In this exercise.Schedules . 8. Close the text file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

you learned to: s Create a schedule. What is a schedule table? a. s Reformat a schedule. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Type b. a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. b. Instance 3. s Place a schedule tag. s Load a schedule tag. a. False 4. None of the above. True b. s Export a schedule. c. A list of sheets used in a project. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Questions 1. 2. True b. Matrix d. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Quantity c. d.

Annotate b. Annotate tab b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. TXT b.Schedules . a. Home d. Application menu d. Modify 2. use the ____ . View tab c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To export a schedule.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab 3. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. XLS c. a. CSV d. View c.

Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Lesson Plan 1. 3.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.

you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Add planting components. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Engineering. you create a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. Math (STEM). 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Place a camera. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Apply shading to a view. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Create a raytrace rendering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Export a DWG file.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. or camera on a path. and Language Arts. Finally.Visualization . s Assign materials. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Orient walls and windows. Technology. After completing this lesson. s Export an FBX file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

To prepare your model for rendering. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Click Zoom to Fit. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s s 2. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design.rvt. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Assign materials. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You worked on animations. Open Unit2_custom_family. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. courseware datasets. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . s Make a camera view the active view.

6. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 5. If you do not see any change in the wall display. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.3. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select one of the exterior walls. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select any exterior wall. The walls now display layers of materials. Right-click. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 4. The wall display updates. Stud.

8. Repeat the process for the windows. Click OK. 10. In addition to using the control arrows. Right-click. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. you can: s s s 9. Open the Default 3D view. On the Properties palette. Select the toposurface object. Select walls. Visualization s 377 .7. Click Change wall's orientation. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass.

On the application menu. Open 3ds Max Design.FBX).Visualization . In the Select File to Import dialog box. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. This will filter the file list. you have completed this exercise. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 3. for Files of type. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. Note the file location. 2. select Autodesk (*. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. 12. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Export the Model to FBX 1.11. and click Open. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.rvt. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Import > Import. Select the Roof. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.

Note the file location. open Unit10_Export.rvt.4. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. If necessary. 3. Open or return to Revit. click Next. There is no way to update it from Revit. you have completed this exercise. Close the file without saving. Depending on your system resources. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Visualization s 379 . Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1.

Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. If necessary. open Unit10_Export. 8. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.rvt. Open 3ds Max Design. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Attach This File. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Select two windows as shown. Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. 7. Select the file name. 9. Close the File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager . click References > File Link Manager.Visualization . Click Open. 5. 6.max. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click File.4. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.

Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". On the application menu. In the dialog box. Save the file. Save the export file using the same name as before. The windows have updated. Visualization s 381 . 11. Open the 3D view.10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 12. 13. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before.

14. s Changed a material definition. s Click Reload. Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Close the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. In this exercise. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. The windows have changed. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.Visualization . Open the Files tab. The linked file updates. 15.

you place a camera in a model. change materials. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. If you place the camera too close to the model. add plantings to the model. Create panel. 2. Open the Site view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. click Camera. Place a Camera 1. 3. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. In this exercise. On the View tab. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Open Unit10_Export.rvt. Visualization s 383 . and create a second rendering. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. as shown. generate a rendering.

5. 2. s s s s Open a floor plan view.4. Return to the perspective view. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. The camera will be visible. On the View Control Bar. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. select Very Few Clouds. The camera perspective view opens. Click Show Camera. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. click Show Rendering Dialog. If necessary. Open the Site view again. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 6. Right-click. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 7. Render Setup 1.Visualization .

Click Render. and Lighting. Output Settings. click Site Component. 3.30' approximately as shown. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Model Site panel. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Accept the default settings for Quality. 2.3. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open view 3D View 1. Enhance the Model 1. Visualization s 385 . s Click Render. On the Massing & Site tab. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open the Site view.

Change Materials 1.Wood Shake. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Select an exterior wall. click Show the Model. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. In the Materials list. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 2. select Roofing . Click Edit in the Structure field. click Edit Type.Visualization . In the Save to Project dialog box. 5. and you can now select elements for editing. click OK. 3. 5.4. Revit places the image in its own view. In the Layer 1 Material field. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. 4. The model displays in the view. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box.

Select the icon next to Masonry . Visualization s 387 .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.10. 9. Click the Render Appearance tab. 7. Click Edit in the Structure field. 8. Click Replace.

The new image is placed in its own view. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 14. click Render. s Created a raytrace setup. 12. s Placed site planting components in the model. Click OK. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. Save the file as Unit10_render. s Edited materials in model components. Select Masonry . In this exercise. 13. 16. 15. In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization .11. In the Rendering dialog box.rvt.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Generated and captured a render image. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Save to Project.

2. To place a key frame. Click Zoom to Fit. s On the View tab. Each view. 4. The camera and path can be edited. and exported individually. click 3d View > Walkthrough. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open Unit10_render. s Right-click again. s Right-click. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Create panel. Visualization s 389 . rendered. in a project model. along the path can be viewed in different modes. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s View the animation in a media player. Open floor plan view Level 1. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. s Edit the camera and path.rvt. In this exercise. click to the left of the model as shown. or walkthroughs. 3. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Click Zoom Out (2x). or frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame.

Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Drag it to the left. Select the direction control for the camera. 11. 9. Repeat for all the key frames. The camera is located on the final key frame. Walkthrough panel.Visualization . On the Modify | Cameras tab. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 6. 7. so that the camera is pointing at the model.5. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 10. The Options Bar changes. click Finish Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. click Edit Walkthrough. 8.

change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path. On the Walkthrough panel. 13. Drag the path away from the model as shown. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Open. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Check the view in several key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. Click Edit Walkthrough. 3. Visualization s 391 .12. From the Controls list. If camera positions distort. click Next Key Frame. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The camera is too close to the model to show it well.

2. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 4. Export the Walkthrough 1.Visualization .rvt. File Name. In the Length/Format dialog box. select a video compression method to hold down file size. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. On the application menu. 2. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. In the Video Compression dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. notice where you save the file. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 3. Click Play. click OK. Click OK. Click Save.Play the Walkthrough 1.

Plan your class time accordingly. Double-click the new file name. Visualization s 393 . Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. such as shaded or rendering.5. 6.

save the Revit Architecture file. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .7.Visualization . s Played the animation file in a media player. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.

a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Align c. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export a DWG file. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. you use: a. Export > FBX 3. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Assign materials. Demolish 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. True b. s Place a camera. View > Shading d. s Add planting components. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Orient walls and windows. Save As > FBX c. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. True b. Print to File b. Flip Orientation d. True b. Questions 1. s Export an FBX file. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a walkthrough. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. a. False Summary/Questions s 395 . you use: a. False 2. Split b.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. In the following exercises. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. foundations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. Review structural columns. Lesson Plan 1. beams. and braces. 6. you learn how to place structural columns. beams and braces. beam systems. 5. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.

Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and other structural elements will be located in a building.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. For example.Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. Knowing where structural members. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls.Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Place beam systems and braces. Place columns and beams on grids. Create column grids. Structural s 401 . This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Technology.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams.

Structural columns can be steel. click Column > Structural Column. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. They come in types defined by size and shape. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. As with columns. In this exercise. 2. In residential construction. this is known as post and beam construction. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. wood.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Select a floor. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. beams can be steel. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open Deck Framing. 1. Beams connect columns or walls. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate .Hide Category. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. or reinforced concrete. wood. or concrete. On the View Control Bar.Structural . On the Build panel of the Home tab. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. often mainly glass. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. spans without walls. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. 3.

Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up.4. 5. 7. and 4B. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Structural s 403 . 6. On the Options Bar. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. On the View Control Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 3A. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". click Depth. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 8.

and columns clearly. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser. Click Hide In View > Element. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 10. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Right-click. rail. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. double-click view Framing Cutaway. The columns are now hidden by the floors. 2.Structural .9. Click OK. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click OK. 11. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Place Beams 1.

s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 5. s In the view window. Click. To place beams: Structural s 405 . 4. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. Structure panel. On the Options Bar. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Structure tab. select Chain. In the Type Selector.3. click Beam.

Click. On the Properties palette. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. 6. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7. Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors.rvt. as shown. If a Warning dialog box that opens. In this exercise. Click Modify. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. click Beam. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. 9.8. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click. Click on grid intersection B4. Click OK. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Save the file as Deck Beams. 11. 12. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Structure panel. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structural s 407 . click Make Wall Bearing.

click Sketch Beam System.Structural . click Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1. Open Deck Beams. In this exercise.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. 4. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click No. distance. or number of beams in a bay. you: s Place beam systems. s Place braces. 2. This system saves time when preparing framing plans.rvt. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. Open Plan View Deck Framing. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 3. click Pick Supports. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Place Beam Systems 1. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. The completed exercise 5. Structure panel. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. On the Structure tab. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan.

Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. click Line. On the Draw panel.6. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. as shown. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . 7.

6". click Pick Supports. set Elevation to -0'-9". 11. s s s On the Draw panel. Click Finish. On the Properties palette. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Trim as necessary. s 9. 10. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.2". 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s On the Draw panel.Structural . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). On the Mode panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Line. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.8. click Create Similar. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens.

Create panel. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structure panel. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3.Place Braces 1. Click to place the elevation. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. 3. 4. 2. Open Plan View Deck Framing. as shown. unlike regular elevations. On the View Control Bar. 5. click Brace. It has an automatic work plane. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Structural s 411 . set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. In the Project Browser. Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the Structure tab. On the View tab.

Repeat the brace going right to left. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 8. In the Type Selector.6. 9. Click Modify. 7. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . In the view window. to start the brace.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure.10. 11. In this exercise. Structural s 413 .rvt.

you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. In this exercise. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it.Structural . and section views. elevation. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. This is a common step early in designing a large building. You can change a grid number at any time. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. click in the lower left to start a grid line. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Grid. Grid datasets. Pull the cursor straight up.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. 2. as shown. The exact length is not critical. but they can also be angular and radial. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. The exact location is not critical. Datum panel. s s In the view window. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. and walls. The numbering automatically increments. In plan views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. beams.

Click to place a new grid line. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 . Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line.3. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The Grid tool is still active. 4.

click Copy. The new grid line is number 5.Structural . Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Click to start a grid line. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Press ENTER. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Pull the cursor to the right. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor to the left. close to the heads. 6.5. Press ENTER. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Repeat to create grid line 4. 7. Enter A at the keyboard. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click to place the grid line. The new grid line will be number 3. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. s Select Grid Line 2.

10. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. The Grid tool is still active.8. s Click to place the grid line. s Click Copy. Grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset. This completes the main grid. 9. Change the number to 2.1 is still selected.1. Structural s 417 . To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. On the grid line. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Select grid 2. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 11. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This grid line will be number B.

Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Options Bar. s Click to start the grid line. s s Click grid intersection D3. click Pick. On the Draw panel.Structural . Change the number to EE. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Press ENTER.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. select Center-Ends Arc. 3. In the Radius field. On the Home tab.000 o . On the Draw panel. 4. On the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit. click Grid. Click to place the grid head. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The Grid tool is still active. Create panel. click Radius. set Offset to 15'-0". enter 15. Click in the new grid bubble. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135.

The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.5. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. 6. Drag it down below the radial grids. You will need to identify it easily. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. 7. Structural s 419 . Click to place grid FF.

s Click grid intersection D3. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.rvt. Enter 31 to change the name. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s In this exercise. Press ENTER.000. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Mirror .8.Structural . To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Revit will create grid 32. Click in the new grid bubble. s 10. Zoom to Fit.Pick Axis. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. 11. s Select grid 31. Click to place the grid line. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. click Create Similar. s Select grid 3.

Structure panel. 2. In this exercise. s Use a column grid to place beams. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. you typically create a grid. s 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Now you place columns at grid intersections. This is a steel column. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. click Column > Structural Column. Open ADA_Grids-complete. s Add footings to columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s Change a grid layout. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural s 421 . you: s Use a column grid to place columns. As a result. In the Type Selector. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33.

In the Multiple panel.Structural . Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. set Height to Level 3. A. B. C and D. click Finish. 4. 6. 3. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. On the Multiple panel. 2. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 5. click At Grids.s s On the Options Bar.

Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. The grid. 5. click Beam. click Finish. Window-select all the grid lines. Zoom to Fit. 2. columns. 3. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Multiple panel. click On Grids. Structural s 423 . 4. Click Grid 1. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Open Floor Plan Level 2. and beams will move to the right.

3. Open the Default 3D view. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. In the view window. click At Columns. click Finish. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 6. click Isolated. window-select all the columns.Structural .Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Quick Access toolbar. 1. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams will move to the right. 2. On the Multiple panel. click No. click Undo. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.

s On the Properties palette. 6. 7. A warning displays. The footing had been placed at Level 1. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". To change the size of the footing. Structural s 425 . but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. in the Type Selector. The footing changes size. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Click OK.5. Press ESC to clear the column selection.

8. In this exercise. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Added footings to columns. s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural . Save and close the file. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout.

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .

using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Change a grid layout. Brace c. All of the above. Beam d. Questions 1. s Place braces. s Add footings to columns. s Place beam systems. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Column b. 2. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. True b. False Summary/Questions s 429 . you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a.

Select the type of beam or column to place. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 5. c. 2. Select a beam type and define the system layout. A and B. Properties c. When placing columns or beams. b. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Stretch b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. False 4. If you relocate a grid line. d. Pick points. you can: a. c. To change the height of a column. All of the above. A but not B. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . True b. you use: a. b. True b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. you: a. Flip Orientation d. a.Structural . To create a beam system. d.

Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Inc. Ltd. Susan Harrington .iteaconnect. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Randy Dymond. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . International Technology Education Association www. Milwaukee.Teacher. Copyright s 431 . South Division High School.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Poway High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Executive Director. Poway.Director. Starkweather . WI Roger Dohm .Instructor.org Project Lead the Way. Smith . PE . CA Ronald A Williams. Mathematics.

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