Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch.When sketching walls. intersections.

Other building elements such as doors. and 3D views. stairs. You can add building elements in plan. windows. furniture.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. roofs. section. elevation. floors. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.Software Tools . 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

In the illustration shown. If one is moved. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown. or at any time after. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. the other will move as well.

Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Use tools to create building elements from masses. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Constrain placement of objects. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. technology. engineering. s Place a predefined Mass family. Math (STEM). Technology. and math standards. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. and Language Arts. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

Masses can be edited in many ways. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. such as distance requirements from roadways. walls.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. roofs. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . A designer. quickly. size. owner. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. and curtain systems. and then converted into building components such as floors. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. you can create in-place masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or masses. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. There are mass families available to load into a project. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. walls. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . roofs. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

technology. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Recognize temporary dimensions. To review the list of standards for each lesson. tags. Technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Annotation includes text notes.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. s Explain the use of dimensions. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). and symbol heads. legends.

Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

radial.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating. or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y.z) coordinate system.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and math standards.Software Tools . s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the Type Selector. Technology. technology. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Open tabs on the ribbon. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Options Bar. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. Engineering. Math (STEM). engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with tool buttons.

windows. Display and Navigation s 31 . Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. beams. and rooms. for instance. doors.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Its position is fixed.

Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

and text. columns. detailing. slabs. braces. symbols. trusses.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 . The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. structural walls. and foundations. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and parameters. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. Context tabs display as you work. copy/paste.Software Tools . and inquiry.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Software Tools .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. Open. Print. and Close. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

with four elevation markers visible. families. sheets. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. Legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.Software Tools . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. and groups. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

A check mark indicates it is visible. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Windows panel on the ribbon. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model.Software Tools .The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . rendering (in 3D views). shadow display. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. visual style. level of detail. sun settings. cropping. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale.

but not at Coarse. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 . Select the desired view scale from the list. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line. Shaded. Shaded with Edges.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. or by global location. which can be according to the view. date and time. sun and shadow intensity.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Crop region selected.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

are available in the Properties palette for the active view. along with other display settings. These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.Software Tools . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. enabling you to select them.

expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Structure. Massing & Site. Annotate. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. To activate or open a view. Collaborate. Insert. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Manage and Modify. View. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 .

Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Options Bar. Display and Navigation s 57 .Context Tabs. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. When a context tab is active. If you select items in the view window. the Options Bar may display below it. showing options that you can select while you are working. Properties Palette.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. Display and Navigation s 65 . New File. File Save. File Close only appears on the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Export. such as File Open. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Click a file name to open that file. and Publish.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Print. On the right is a list of recently opened files.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. After you have examined each of them. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The completed exercise 4. make the Home tab active. 2. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. click OK in the dialog box that opens. On the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Display and Navigation s 67 . or click New > Project from the application menu. Do this for other tabs. The panel titles display under the tab titles. 3. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. If you select the menu option.

6. you opened a project file. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.Software Tools . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. and then viewed. In this exercise. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 7. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.5.

Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. 2. doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view. Display and Navigation s 69 . The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Exercise 2.rvt. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Open quick_start_building_elements. In the Project Browser.

The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows.Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible. 8. On the Properties palette. 6. 7. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view.3. Click any interior wall. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 5. Clear Walls and Doors. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. doors. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. all the walls. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". and windows highlight blue. 4. .

you opened a project file. In this exercise. 11. On the Modify | Doors context tab.rvt.9. Place a door as shown. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. On the Properties palette. 10. Display and Navigation s 71 . Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click any door. 12. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. examined the menus and toolbars.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and 3D views using the View menu. drafting views. lines. and elevation views by default. ceiling plan. Technology. Revit provides floor plan. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. System families include levels. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. operating settings. annotations. building elements (walls. templates. s Work with Revit families. mechanical equipment). In the exercises. display controls. s Create a new in-place family. and Language Arts. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and views.Software Tools .Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can create sections. s Load and place component families. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. floors). Math (STEM). and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Component families include model objects (furniture. Pan. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. schedules. either predefined or user-created. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and math standards.This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering. technology.

Software Tools . Use your keyboard to enter VV. Right-click. Open Unit2_building_elements. The display changes. There is also a copy in the course datasets. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . VG also opens the dialog box.rvt. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. even a small one. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. First. There is no way to see everything in it.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click OK. Rightclick in the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotation Categories tab. 3. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Four elevation markers are visible. is an extensive database. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form.

This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Enter ZF. so be sure to select them both. Right-click. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Select the roof outline. Zoom to Fit. 6.4. 7. click Detail Level. Click Zoom In Region. Select Detail Level: Medium. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. In the Project Browser. 5. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. There are two parts to an elevation. On the View Control Bar. Click and drag the cursor as shown. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out.

Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. On the Properties palette. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. as before. Turn off visibility of the elevations. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. doors and windows are not shown.8. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.Software Tools . Enter VH. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. 2. View Properties 1. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Click Zoom to Fit. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. change the Underlay value to None.

Click OK. Set the cut plane value to 7' .0". Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. the ridge is now visible. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . click Edit. and where the cut plane sits. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. 4. Next to View Range. Click Rename. enter Roof. Right-click. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof.3. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. For Name.

3. under Solar Study. 5. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Presets list. select Shading with Edges. Accept the location that activates. In the dialog box that opens.Graphic Display Options 1. 2.Software Tools . On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Open Elevation view South. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Shadows On. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Winter Solstice. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Set the time to 9:30 am. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 4. select Still.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. In this exercise. 6. Save the file as Unit2_views.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

roofs. s A system family. windows. and furniture. In Revit. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. windows. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and use a Revit family to place a door. such as levels.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. furniture). and families in place. and so on. walls. Doors. you open an existing project file. and place Revit families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. There are system families. You add closet doors to interior walls. furniture. and floors. floors. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Door. load. railings. These components are called families and there are several different types. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1.rvt. and annotations are examples of standard families. doors and windows are dependent on walls). standard families. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Home tab. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Doors are considered standard family entities. commercial. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. or stand-alone (for example. 2. is predefined within Revit. 3. Additionally. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.Software Tools . This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. lights. Build panel. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Open Unit2_views. or institutional structures.

Tag panel. 4. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Family files have a file extension of *. It has a number of different sizes defined. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Accept the default size. Click the Doors folder. Furniture. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Project files have a file extension of *.rvt.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. If you highlight a door family.rfa. Click Open. Locate Double Panel 2. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). s s 6. On the Modify | Place Door tab. As you move your cursor near any wall.rfa. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. 5. and Annotation. The Door Insertion tool stays active. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Click Open. You click to place an instance of the door family.

8. you located. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 9. and placed instances of a door family. but not strongly. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. In this exercise. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. simply click it. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .7. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.Software Tools . Place an instance of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. loaded. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.rvt. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place two more instances of the door as shown.

you open an existing project file. click Duplicate. 2. 4. The required width is not available. enter 48" x 80". and create an in-place family. 5.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Open Unit2_doors_walls. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Select the double door as shown. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. modify a door family. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.rvt. Click OK. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . This door needs to be 48" wide. 3.

Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.Software Tools . 5. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 1. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. select Generic Models. is to create a component family in place. Click OK. On the Properties palette. The door updates. 2. For Name.6. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Build panel. 3. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. In the dialog box. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. click Component > Model In-Place. On the Home tab. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click OK. enter Hall Clock. 4. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design.

8. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. The family model updates. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.6.4" as shown. you located. On the Draw panel. click Rectangle.0' 2".2". Revit will display . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded. 13. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 9. You have created the base of the clock.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. 12. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click OK. as shown. 7. 10. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 11. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. In this exercise. and placed a door family.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

Create a 3D perspective view. s Create an in-place model family. s Change view properties.Software Tools . True b. a. d. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. c. True b. Zoom in Region is used to: a. and Options Bar. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. b. d. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. a. 6. s Change view displays. Questions 1. s Access. Spin the model in 3D space. The tool shown is used to: a. Views can be renamed. s Adjust Visual Style Options. load. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Change type properties of a family. context tabs.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 7. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. Zoom to the entire model. c. False 2. False 3. Right-click. s Open different views. depending on the template selected. c. To activate a view: a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. d. Each project has several predefined views. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. a. False 5. False 4. Turn on Shadows. tab. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Either a or b. and place a family from a library. True b. b. Go to View > View Name in the menu. and click Open. True b.

Blocks c.) are called: a. Properties palette 10. System c. Rotate c. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. All of the above. depending on settings 9. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. In-Place d. Scroll d. Standard b. Project Browser d. a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .8. Pan and Zoom b. Multiview b. Families 11. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. windows. A family created within a project is called ________________. a. Parts d. etc. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Set project units. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 2. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 6. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. 9. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 8. 5. s Create dimensions and text. 4. s Duplicate and modify views. s Create a project template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 7. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create labels.

and Language Arts.Standards and Building Codes . to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. linetypes.aia. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.aias. Explain why templates are used. linetypes. Visit the AIA website at www. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Many cities and counties have their own rules. should be used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Math (STEM). Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Technology. colors. colors. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. defining the layers. based on the AIA standards. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.org. and so forth.org. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Engineering. After completing this lesson. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Visit the AIAS website at www. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and the settings that are preset within them.

engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards.This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

like mechanical drawing. and so on. it must have at least one door. and so on. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. If there is a fire.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. a common area (such as a living room or family room). doors. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. windows. For example. the number being its numerical value.Standards and Building Codes . A garage must be completely enclosed. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. one window. a bathroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. otherwise it is considered a carport. a garage. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. defined and adopted by convention. If it lacks any of these components. and one closet. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. A unit is a particular physical quantity. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. it cannot be called a bedroom.

Standards and Building Codes s 95 . The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Here h is the physical quantity. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. also known as the International System of Units. or imperial. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. unit symbol m. such as room size and wall height. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. In architectural drafting. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object.For example. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper.. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Another method is to apply dual notation. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. unit symbol ft. However.. using imperial units. glass. and other materials. units are applied to dimensions. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. is 555 ft. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. is 169 m. the construction industry still uses the English. in the United States. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies.

LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. every 1/8" would represent 1'. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. sheets. Each size is designated by a letter. and viewports.Scales are ratios. one value representing another value. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. In Revit Architecture. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).Standards and Building Codes . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. line weight and pattern.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A.) 8. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.

01. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .a modified version of the AIA standard. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. and then add a title block or other symbols. elevators. You create and position views. symbols. The integers go from 0 to 9. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. notes Demolition. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.01. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). site plan. temporary Schedules Sections. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.

the HVAC company. followed by information on the building's owner. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. For example. so that the height is less than the width. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the author of the drawing. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the electrician.Standards and Building Codes . Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Typically. Usually. The next space is for tracking revisions. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. and other relevant information. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The paper is oriented landscape. and layer standards. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. that is. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. the date drawn. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. fonts. and so on. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. drawing scales. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The column is divided into sections. annotation plot sizes.

and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . title blocks. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. dimension and text styles. required symbols.in the City of San Francisco. layer settings.

Standards and Building Codes . You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and walls. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Math (STEM). 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. views.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. Technology. Engineering. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. These can be used to build your model. dimension styles.

engineering. Settings s 101 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology.

or store. click New > Project. you create a new project file using a template. click Browse. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. 2. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In Revit. 3. Open Revit to an empty project file. Condominiums. Select a Template 1.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. you use templates as starting points. apartments.Standards and Building Codes . factory. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. In the New Project dialog box. On the application menu. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.

saving set up time. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Click OK. Select the Residential-Default. you started a new project file using a standard template. 5. In this exercise. click Close to close this project without saving. Settings s 103 . On the application menu. Click Open.4. 6.

you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Build panel. In the Project Browser. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. 2.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. the drawing setup options are preset. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. 3. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Click to start a new wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The file opens to a 3D view. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Pull the cursor to the right.Standards and Building Codes . The Wall tool remains active. In the courseware datasets folder.rvt. s Place the cursor over the left wall. open ADA__Settings. click Wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.

Close the file without saving. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. 8.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Click OK twice to save the setting change. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. 7. In this exercise. Click Format for Length.) 6.4. 5. Settings s 105 . Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. s Set Unit symbol to m. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Place the cursor over the left wall. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. click to start a new wall. and move the cursor right. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

In the Type Properties dialog box. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. temporary and permanent. By default. For Name. Temporary dimensions display when you select. click Edit Type. create. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . there are two types of dimensions. 1. On the Annotate tab. click Duplicate. Click OK. or insert components. 4. dimensions not only display.Standards and Building Codes . On the Properties palette.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. enter Big Text. 3. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. click Aligned.rvt. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Dimension panel. Open ADA_Dimensions. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. but also control the size and location of objects. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. 2.

and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Click to place. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. left. s Set Text Size to 3/16". 6.5. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Select the top. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Settings s 107 . The Dimension tool is still active. s Click OK twice. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". 7. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.

Close the file without saving.8. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. created a new dimension style.Standards and Building Codes . 9. The Dimension tool stays active. s s s Select the far left. Click to place the dimension. and far right vertical walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. In this exercise. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. you opened an existing file.

The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In order to do this. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Notice the door and window tags. In the Project Browser.rvt. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. 3. There are no annotations visible. Right-click. and the view window displays the new plan. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 2. In the datasets folder.

You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. click Project Information. Double-click to open it. 5. On the Manage tab. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture.Standards and Building Codes . In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. In the Project Browser. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click OK. Settings panel. 6. 9. Click Rename. Click OK to update the display of this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Model Categories tab. 7. 8. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. In the Project Browser. 1.4. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. select Floor Plan: Level 1.

click Edit. Click New Sheet. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. or supply your own values: Click OK.) 3. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Enter the address as shown. 3.Add a Sheet 1. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Settings s 111 . Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Rightclick. Click OK. 2. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. In the Value column of Project Address. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2.

change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. 5. Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.Standards and Building Codes . In the Identity Data and Other sections. Notice the change to the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1.4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Click Apply.

2. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 3. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Right-click. Right-click in the view. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Settings s 113 . Click Activate View. Select Deactivate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 4. Select the new viewport. Select Add View to Sheet.

Finish the move. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Place the cursor 7. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. deselect it. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. 6. of the sheet. you: select it. The Scale updates in the title block.5. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . s Added a sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. Close the file without saving. The view updates on the sheet.

Settings s 115 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5 title block template opens. On the application menu. This is one of the longer exercises. click New > Titleblock. Click Open.rft. It opens to the Recent Files window. Start Revit Architecture. 2. A copy of the 11 x 8. 3. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).5. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 4. Select A-11x8.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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click Save to save the title block. 15. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Accept the Sample Value. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 14. click Close. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Sheet Number. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.rfa. Right-click. In this exercise.Landscape. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. Your teacher may specify another location. s Accept the Sample Value. s Click Add. Add a label for Checked By. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you created a title block using a template file. 13.Standards and Building Codes . To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 12. 11. select Drawn By. Save the title block as A . Accept the Sample Value.9. On the Quick Access toolbar. 10.

Click Open. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. In the Recent Files window. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 4. On the View tab. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Locate your title block. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Insert a Title Block 1. click New to create a new project using the default template. Highlight the title block and click OK. and then load a custom title block into your project. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 3. 2. Settings s 125 . This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Your title block is now displayed in the list. The title block appears in the graphics window. you create a new project file. 5.

On the Properties palette. you a created a new project file. 3. In this exercise. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Click OK.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Settings panel. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 4. Click OK. Click OK. 6. s For Drawn By.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter Student Project Unit 3. enter your name. 2. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. On the Manage tab. enter your instructor's name. Click Zoom to Fit.Standards and Building Codes . s For Checked By. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Select the title block. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. click Project Information.

select Project Template. In the New Project dialog box. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. settings. a dimension style. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. angles. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. There are various settings you can define for your template. 3. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Families: Load in families you use most often. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. In this exercise. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 2. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. you create a new project file. including how the rendered image looks. and slope angle. and the units for your custom template. and then load them like families. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. and geometry from the template. click New > Project. On the application menu. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. such as 3D and plan views. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Create a Template In this exercise. Click OK. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. in addition to predefined wall types. you define the title block. 1. On the Insert tab. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file.

Standards and Building Codes . create a Dimension Style. Click OK. 10. click Duplicate. 6. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.rfa. On the Manage tab. Next. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Landscape. Open the title block A . Set the units for the template. For Name.4. In the Type Properties dialog box. There will be no visible change. You create a custom dimension style. Click OK twice. click Settings panel > Project Units. On the Annotate tab. enter 3/16" Verdana. 8. 9. Click the Length field in the Format column. 5. 7.

Rightclick.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. In the Project Browser. Select the A . On the Properties palette. 14. Click New Sheet. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. 12. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click OK. Click OK. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 129 . Change the following settings as shown: 13. 15. select Sheets (All). Click Dimension panel > Aligned.11.

Click OK. Save your project template in your class project folder. Save the file name as A-English template. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .16. and units that you defined. The title block updates. as well as dimension style and units. In this exercise. 17. title block.Standards and Building Codes . You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. you created a new template file using a dimension style. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.rte.

s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. abstract format. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. are constantly being developed by the building industry.

defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.02 b. s Create a template. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. is defined as what? a. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". you learned to: s Set units in a file. NCTM d. s Create a title block. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. P. dimension styles. Metric d. S. False 3.05 c. 1:24 d. English c. s Create a dimension style.02 d. a. and symbols used in drawing? a. An architect b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Create labels. a. 1:3 b. UBC c.Standards and Building Codes . NCSESA 2.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create text. 1:12 c. True b. a. A particular physical quantity. A. s Change dimension colors. s Create a text style. General Questions 1. A. A unit 4. s Create dimensions. AIA b. s Change lineweight. Using AIA Standards. 1:32 5.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall faces b. Wall midpoints d. Application menu > Properties b. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. a. you use: a. To change the scale of a view. True b. you click: a. dimensions snap to: a. False 4. In Revit Architecture. a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. By default. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Point offsets 3. False 6. To create a new sheet. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. True b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Wall centerlines c. To set the units in a project.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 2. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. 5. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Align walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Trim and extend walls. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.

136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . List the different types of occupancy. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. After completing this lesson. and protect its interior spaces. separate. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or filling in between. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. them. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. their construction and materials. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.Walls .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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but it disappears when you begin another action. the dimension updates incrementally. a dashed line displays. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Click to set the endpoint. After you create the wall. To modify a dimension. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. click it to open an edit field.Brick on Mtl. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.3. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. As you continue to move the cursor. 5. Stud. an angular dimension displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Walls s 151 . Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Clear the Chain option. 4. indicating wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. It will not print.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Select the Single Line option. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Enter 10. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.

signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click the wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Depending on your zoom in the view. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. enter 7. the controls may sit on top of one another. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The wall does not show any internal detail. Press ENTER. On the View Control Bar. After setting the vertical wall's direction.6. On the Modify | Walls tab.Walls . Set the Detail Level to Medium. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. 8. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Click to start the next wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click the Detail Level icon. click Modify to stop placing walls. click Create Similar. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Create panel. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. 7. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Select panel.

10. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click Modify. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. no matter where you move the cursor. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Because you drew the wall from up to down. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Walls s 153 . Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Notice that two dimensions display. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. release the mouse button to set a new length. Select the right vertical wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Also. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward.9. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. an alignment line displays.

Walls . On the Home tab. 16. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper.11. Sketch the walls as shown. This is the same as clicking Modify. Build panel. Repeat. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. click Wall. Right-click. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 12. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 15. Select the lower vertical wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Click Cancel. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 13. When using the Chain option. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 14. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.

Click Zoom to Fit. After clicking the second end. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click Modify. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 19. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Clear the Chain option. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. In this exercise. Click Create Similar again. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 20. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 17.18.rvt. Walls s 155 . you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc.

align. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 4. Split Walls 1. You now remove the upper right corner. fillet. This exercise illustrates how to split. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 3. Do the same for the vertical wall. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. and extend walls. The cursor changes to a razor blade. you first split the walls at the intersections. 2. Both split walls are shown below.Walls . trim. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Only part of the wall highlights.rvt from the previous exercise. Click Modify. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. To do this.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise.

Enter 5'. Modify panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. Create panel. This is how you create rounded wall corners. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). 3. click Delete. Click Fillet Arc. You can also click the flip control. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Walls s 157 . Select any wall. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 4. select Radius. If you make a mistake. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value.Fillet Walls 1. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 2. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Options Bar. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Create Similar. 5. click Undo and repeat the steps. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise.

Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Walls . Place an interior wall as shown. 2. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Wall tool is still active. 1. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. select Basic Wall: Interior .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. You align the wall in the next steps. 3. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.

Pull the cursor straight up. The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor.4. Click to create a wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Walls s 159 . such as location lines. s On the Options Bar. clear Chain. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment.

6. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. 2. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the two interior walls in turn. 5. The walls can cross. This will be the border. This will extend to the border. Select the vertical wall as shown. 3. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . The length is not critical. You can click Undo if you make a mistake.s Move the cursor to the left and click.

fillet. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. Walls s 161 . In this exercise.7.rvt. and trim.

A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. click Edit Type. In the Project Browser. Select the Exterior wall as shown. satisfy different requirements. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. On the Properties palette. 3. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. The Modify tool is active by default. and vary in cost.Walls .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 1. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.

s Click the number of Layer 3. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. has a Function you can edit. Every layer of a wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Click OK. click Edit in the Structure value field. 7. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Add two additional layers to the wall. To edit the structure of the wall. 6. For Name. Walls s 163 . s Click Up. s Click Down twice. 8. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click the arrow at the right. the wall structure should be as shown. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure.4. except Core Boundary. When you are finished. Click Insert twice. s Select Finish 1 [4]. 5.

EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. which displays plan or section views. 13. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 10. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.9. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Material to Wood .Exterior . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. select Finishes .Walls . 11. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Stud Layer. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s Set the Material to Finishes . s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Modify the Function. Material. 12.

14. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 17. Click Apply to update the view. On the Properties palette. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select Medium. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 16. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. From the Detail level list. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. expand the Families branch. In the Project Browser. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Walls s 165 . 15.

Close the file without saving. 20. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Right-click 8" Exterior. From the Type Selector list. In this exercise. You opened an existing file. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. defined a new wall structure. 19.18. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.Walls . 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. such as a weatherproof outside surface.rvt. Stud walls as shown. and a decorated interior surface. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Select one of the Exterior .Brick on Mtl. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a structural mid-section. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. The model opens in a 3D view. wood rails. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. 2. You can define a wall type with these elements. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. In this exercise. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . for example. you create and modify vertically compound walls. 3.

You change the type. highlight one of the borders.4. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You can set the sample height to any value. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 8. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 5. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. As indicated in the dialog box title. either horizontally or vertically. the new regions assume the same material as the original. You can assign different materials to regions. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. in the Structure value field. so all instances of this type change. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. To define the structure of the wall. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 1. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. into regions.Walls . click Edit. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. When you split a layer. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. In this exercise. 2. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 6. Click Split Region. You can split regions into other regions. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. If not already expanded. 7. or you will lose your changes. To split a layer or region horizontally. To split a layer or region vertically. Wall structures are Type Properties. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.

the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. In this case. When you merge regions. assign Layer 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click Merge Regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click to merge them. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. 2. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Walls s 169 . the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 4. Click to merge the two layers. The upper split disappears. Click to split the region into two parts. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 1.Brick layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . After merge. Prehighlight a border between regions. 3. since both regions are composed of the same layer.3.

1. 1. 2. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. In the Edit dialog box. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". s Select the split line. 3. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Next. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 2. indicating that it is modifiable. you assign the material Masonry Brick .Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. If you set the split offset down from the top. Click Insert. Press ENTER. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Modify. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Click the temporary dimension text. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Change the value to 12. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 4. Click again to return to the original position. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. To create a new wall layer. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. instead of down. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. The dimension text turns blue. After a region is split. to the next parallel line. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 3. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall.Walls . Click the arrow to observe the behavior.

Walls s 171 . and Insert Layer tools. Merge Region. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone.Brick Soldier Course layer. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Close the file without saving. Change the Material to Masonry .Brick Soldier Course. Modify. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 10. In this exercise. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. It immediately highlights in blue. Click Assign Layers. Click OK. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. because it is now the selected layer. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click OK. as shown. 7. 5. It also shows a thickness value. The preview changes appearance. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. All walls of this type have been changed. 6. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Split Region. 8. When a layer is selected in the table. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . The column widths in the table can be adjusted.4. 9.

piping. installed. earth. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.Walls . 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and insulation. and protected. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the ventilation. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. but also the natural lighting. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. the view.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. About Doors and Windows s 185 . but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. and to protect property values.

7 sq. the width can be no less than 20". The height can be no less than 24".Doors and Windows . if there is no other escape route. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. ft.

how to load additional door and window families. Some families are loaded into each empty file. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. s Center a door in a wall. move. you learn how to place doors and windows. and copy these elements. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and how to position.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and math standards. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and furniture are defined in family files. s Copy windows. Components such as doors. engineering. Technology. In this unit. Doors and Windows s 187 . technology. and Language Arts. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. windows. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows.

To reverse the swing. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. To flip the door. In other words. Once a door is placed. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. When placing doors in a plan view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the door swing would be to the left side. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.Doors and Windows . you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. This can be done in a plan view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Add Doors 1. elevation view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. On the Home tab. click Door. 3. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Build panel.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. or 3D view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. 2.

In order to keep file size small. except for the Type Selector. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". With the Door command active.rfa. The display does not change. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. and windows into project files. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Mode panel. From the Type Selector list. click Load Family. 3. 2. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. on the Modify | Place Door tab.Load Families 1. walls. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Click Open. Doors and Windows s 189 . Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.

Place a second instance in the wall opposite. From the Type Selector. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.4. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. 5. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.Doors and Windows .

Place instances of single doors as shown. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location. or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. simply click it and enter the correct value. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. To Doors and Windows s 191 . you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click.6.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.Doors and Windows .

Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. elevation view. Open Unit5_doors. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. You can place windows in a plan view. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . click Window. or 3D view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Build panel.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. 2. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. When placing windows in a plan view. the outside of the window is to the left side. On the Home tab. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window after performing another operation. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. click Modify and select the window.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To face the outside of the window to the other side. approach the wall from the right side. Add Windows 1. From the Type Selector. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family.

Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. 5. You do not need to add dimensions.3. loaded a door family. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. and placed windows. Window tags do not number in sequence. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 4.Doors and Windows . In this exercise. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. you opened an existing project.

Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. click Aligned. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. and so on. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Dimension panel. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. 1. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. On the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. 2. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. 3.rvt. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. window. wall. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. and modify the wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. you open an existing project file. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. place a door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . s Align and modify walls. 4.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise.

5. This means that if one wall shifts. The door changes location. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click it and it changes as shown. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Align Walls 1. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the lock icon to enable it. Select the upper wall first. Click the right wall. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. The walls are now aligned. Notice the symbol. 2.s s s s Click the left wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. the other wall will remain aligned. 6. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click the center of the door.Doors and Windows .

4. Doors and Windows s 197 . Clear the EQ Display value. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.) The dimension value is now shown. Right-click. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Change the dimension to 16. 5. The walls shift and remain aligned. Dimensions display below it. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.

you placed a continuous dimension. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit.6. 7.Doors and Windows . In this exercise. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Right-click.

click Create Similar. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Doors and Windows s 199 . On the Modify | Windows tab. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.rvt. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Create panel. 1. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. especially if there are many different types. 2. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 4.

The window is copied.Copy Windows 1. 4. The window will change appearance. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 3. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the window you just placed. click Copy. On the Modify | Windows tab. 2. Modify panel. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point.Doors and Windows . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.

In this exercise. 6. Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Doors and Windows s 201 .5. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.rvt.

STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The stability of glass in response to wind. heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.

s Copy a door or window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. Custom 3. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. If a room is used for sleeping. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. False 2. General Questions 1. a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . a. 32" d. 28" b. s Position a door or window. Standard b. 30" c. s Place a window. you learned to: s Place doors. 32" b. 34" 4. s Align a door or window. True b. 40" d. 36" c.

Click the appropriate blue arrows. b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Select the door. Load from Library b.Doors and Windows . you: a. you use ________. To center a door or window in a wall. Select the door. 6. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. Click Modify > Flip Direction. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. False 5. a. To change the location of a door or window.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Use door grips to reposition. a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. d. Click Door Properties. The center snap 7. Load c. Link c. False 2. Click Flip Direction. Insert d. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. True b. b. Select the door. True b. Right-click. c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Properties 3. Offset c. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you use: a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. d. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Copy 8. A reference plane b. Select the door. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Clone b. c. a. True b. a. a. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Duplicate d. 4.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 6. 4. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . Lesson Plan 1. 5. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. Review stairs and railings. 3.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Evaluate students.

206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. stair and railing types.Stairs and Railings . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the different stair types.

Math (STEM). engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and math standards. This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Then. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Once the actual riser height is determined.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.Stairs and Railings . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.

Due to building code. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress.

Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". but not more than 2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

When you click to establish the start point of stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. ramps. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. s Modify stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. or vertical circulation. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. The riser and run values update accordingly. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. You create stairs in a plan view. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. As you move the cursor. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. engineering. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Technology. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. This lesson relates to technology. In multistory buildings. and Language Arts. and stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. For safety reasons. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). You can define straight runs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Math (STEM). s Create U-shaped stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Add a railing. and math standards. U-shaped stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. or tread. you will be able to: s Create stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings.Stairs and Railings . and spiral stairs. which includes elevators. of certain horizontal depth or run.

You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. This file is in metric units. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. you create stairs using a straight run. From the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Stairs and Railings s 217 . This enables you to place the stairs properly. 3. On the Properties palette.rvt.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. Before you create the stairs.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.

4. On the Home tab. In this case. Run is preselected. Circulation panel. 5. These tools are used to define your stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. you create a straight run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Click OK to close the dialog box. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. click Stairs.Stairs and Railings .

and then click to define the run of stairs. 10. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. On the Mode panel. 9. 7. As you move the cursor up. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors.6. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. To change the run dimension. You can continue to move the cursor up. select Finish (green check). Select this intersection point to start your run. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Revit displays the number of risers you created. 8. If you have not fully created the run. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical.

and switched to a 3D view. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.11. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. click application menu > Save As > Project. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.Stairs and Railings . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 13. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 12. To avoid overwriting the original file. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. In this exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair.

The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Level 1. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. click Align. The stair is not centered on the landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. On the Modify tab. Stairs and Railings s 221 .rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. 2. Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Activate view Floor Plans.

You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.4. select Wall centerlines. from the Prefer list. Take time to make the selections correctly. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. 5. Click the center of the wall first. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. If you have a scroll mouse. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . On the Options Bar. The Align command remains active. You can rotate your model to get a better view.

6. railings were created with the stairs. and Dimensions subsections. s Click OK. In the Project Browser. As you prehighlight them. expand Sections (Building Section). s Click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. 9. Hover the cursor over the railing. click Edit Type. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. enter Lobby Stairs. s For Name. On the Properties palette. Graphics. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. 7. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Change Width to 1350. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 8. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties.

Cherry s s Click Modify. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.10. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Lobby Stair View.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.

and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Delete this line. The stair changes to the run sketch. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Click it to select it. click Edit Sketch. 14.12. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Next. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The railings change. Mode panel. s Zoom in on the stairs. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Select the stairs (not a railing). you change the shape of the stairs. 13.

19. 17. To place the second arc endpoint.15. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. click the left end of the top riser. 16. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Click Modify. On the Draw panel. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s On the Modify panel. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. click Boundary. 18. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.Stairs and Railings . To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Click to place the arc. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the arc boundary you just created.

For the third point. Next. Click to exit the Mirror command. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. click Riser. The left boundary will be mirrored. 20. select the endpoint of the right boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. On the Draw panel. Click CenterEnds-Arc. This will define a rounded first step.21. the arc center point. select the endpoint of the left boundary.

22. you modified stair properties and boundaries. 23. You also modified the properties of a railing. Open the {3D} view to see the results.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. click Finish. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Click Modify. Zoom into the landing area as shown. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. For simple railings. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. 3. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. s s Sketch a Railing 1.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. 2. you add a railing to a second floor landing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you need to define a path for the railing. Select the right side railing. In this case. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Stairs and Railings s 229 . use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Therefore.rvt from the previous exercise. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you sketch the plan view path. This is typically done in plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. To make sure you are selecting the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing.

The dimensions are shown as a guide. click Line. 6. Once the railing is selected. You do not need to add dimensions. click Edit Path. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. 7. On the Draw panel. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. on the Modify | Railings tab. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. 5. s s On the Options Bar. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. edit the temporary dimension. Select Finish to exit the railing definition.Stairs and Railings . Then. select Chain. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Mode panel. To set the exact distance.4.

9. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete your lines and try again.rvt.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. In this exercise. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.

You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Create a Reference Plane 1. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.rvt from the previous exercise. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. set the Offset value to 850.Stairs and Railings . s On the Home tab. you create a reference plane. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In a floor plan view. Work Plane panel. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. In this exercise.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. 2.

You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 4. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . 3. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Click OK twice. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 5. Matte 2. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. enter Exit Stairs. click Stairs. Click OK. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. To start sketching the run. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Dark Gray. 6. Pull the cursor straight up.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Properties palette.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. change the Width parameter to 900. For Name. Circulation panel. On the Home tab. Click Edit Type.

with none remaining to be created. 9. Press ENTER. Click to place the first run.Stairs and Railings . Click to finish the stair run. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Move the pointer to the right. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 8. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. enter 1925.7.

Stairs and Railings s 235 . 2. You want to inspect your stairs. Use Hide/Isolate 1. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the Stairs panel. To remove the lines. On the View Control bar. it is because you have overlapping lines. Remove the additional lines. click Finish Stairs. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Click Finish Stairs again. If you get an error message. but they are hidden behind walls. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. 11.10. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. you select Continue to return the sketch. Select the two walls of the stair tower.

In this exercise. and to create a U-shaped stair. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.rvt. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. On the Properties palette. Zoom in to see your stairs. Finally. 2. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Select the stairs so they highlight. Reset the Display 1. 5. The walls are now hidden. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 4. This is a multistory stair. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 6. The exterior walls reappear. 3. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects.Stairs and Railings . On the View Control Bar.3. you learned to create a reference plane. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.

STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators.

s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. They cost less. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . smoke guards. but they can also be highly decorative. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Include landings as required by your local building code. and deliver riders without wait time. this openness makes them fire hazards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.

General Questions 1. a. 36" d. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should be the same run. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. s Create railings. False 2. True b. True b. 32" c. you learned to: s Create stairs. 30" b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 45 degrees c. 40" 4. a. 25 degrees b. False Summary/Questions s 239 . s Modify stair boundaries. 90 degrees d. b. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 180 degrees 3.

Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. True b. a. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. Modify c. a. risers b. You can apply materials to different stair components. Railings. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Arc d. Run.Stairs and Railings . riser d. Line b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. risers and treads. Pick New Host b. Treads. Home b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use the _______ option. Insert 2. that is. Attach Railing c. a. To create railings on stairs without railings. Rectangle c. False 6. Fasten Railing 5. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Circle 4. a. True b. Align Railing d. Boundary lines. riser lines c. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. risers 3. Manage d.

(Student) 10. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 9. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Lesson Plan 1. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 6. Review of roof types. Evaluate Students. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. s Define a roof structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . s Place gutters. (Student) 3. (Student) 7. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 4.

List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.Roofs . and pitch of a sloped roof. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. gutters. and downspouts. It addresses roof construction. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. Identify the different roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Calculate the rise. run. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. After completing this lesson. roof types. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. tiles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.

usually projecting edge of a sloping roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. and math standards. s Rake: The inclined. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. About Roofs s 243 . Technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Engineering. Math (STEM). s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. and Language Arts. engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

even grain and are naturally resistant to water. resistance to wind and fire. the roofing pattern. These are used more often on upscale homes. maintenance. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and color. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. They come in several types. Sloped roofs. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. brands. resulting in at least one textured face. resistance to wind and fire. and if visible. both low and steep. About Roofs s 245 . and sunlight. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and color. maintenance.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and colors. snow. You can use them for many different applications. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and if visible. and low maintenance roofing material. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. texture. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. durability. and sun. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. durability. texture. are designed for shedding water and snow. fire-resistant. the roofing pattern. rot. as well as how effective a shelter it is.

When choosing the insulation for your job. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. consider such factors as cost. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. reinforced plastic. and so forth). galvanized steel. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. or corrugated structural glass. Unfortunately. and insulating capability (R-value). A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. quality. Therefore. They are fire-resistant. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. durable. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. This same roof on a clear. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. zinc alloy. galvanized steel. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. fiberglass.Roofs . or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). choose a type that will suit your needs. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. and require little maintenance. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. treatment for insects. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. odor. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. special characteristics (for example.

and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . the requirements for underlayment. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . but the two sides are not symmetrical. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. run. The run value is typically equal to 12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.

Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 and 12. 7 on 12. 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. try to specify standard roof pitch.Roofs . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch is noted as a fraction. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.When designing a roof.

s Create a roof fascia. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. or roof overhangs. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Create a hip roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. and fascia. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. dormers. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roofs s 255 . To create a roof by the extrusion method. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. you can add gutters. s Place gutters. or eaves.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create various roof types. snow. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. To create a roof by face. or ice. that convey rainwater to drains. s Assign roof structure and materials. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. often supporting a gutter. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. water. Once you create a roof. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. soffits. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view.

This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM).Roofs . technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Engineering. engineering. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click OK to continue. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.. the top of the roof profile is sketched. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 4. 3. Open ADA_Roofs. 2. In the Work Plane dialog box. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. To create an extruded roof.rvt. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. select the Name option. you create an extruded roof.

258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Work Plane panel. select Section: Section 1. In the Go To View dialog box. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. Before sketching the roof's profile. click Ref Plane. 6. Draw panel. The section view should display as shown.Roofs . 2. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Drawing Reference Planes 1. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. click Line. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 3. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. s Use the image below for guidance.5. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Click Open View. 4. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.

5. s Select the new dimension.6. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using the image below for guidance. s Click Modify. s Click the EQ toggle. Roofs s 259 . sketch from right to left along the Level line. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using a positive offset value.

1. enter Horizontal. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. click Line.Roofs . Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Click OK. click Chain. 7. On the Mode panel. 5. On the Properties palette. 6. 2. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click Modify. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . for Name. you can label them.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Right-click. s On the Options Bar. click Finish (green check). 3. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 4.

12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8. Roofs s 261 .

The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. This is a two-step process. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. On the Modify tab. 1. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.Roofs . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Using the images for guidance. 2. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Select the edge of the roof as shown. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion.

hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Modify Wall panel. open the view Sections: Section 1.4. However. 2. Select both walls. Trim Walls 1. 3. This will join the wall tops to the roof. To select both walls together. click Attach: Top/ Base. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. select Attach Wall: Top. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Roofs s 263 . On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. Select the roof.

s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. In this exercise.4. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5.rvt.

The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Click Yes. 3. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. you create a gable roof using a footprint. from existing walls. Build panel. 1. Because you are in a 3D view. The inner loops define openings in the roof. select Garage Roof.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. From the drop-down list. so you look straight down as in a plan. by Footprint. 4. a dialog box is displayed. Unit7_first_roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. In this exercise.rvt. On the Home tab.

clear the Defines slope option. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s On Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Next. 7.5. 6. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.Roofs . click Pick Walls. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select the vertical wall on the left. Use the image below for guidance.0". s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . If you place a line on the wrong side. 8. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. click Defines Slope. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch.

change the value to 6"/12". 2. Change this value to 6"/12". When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. defining lines separately. Select the right side roof line. It becomes an editable field. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. To complete the roof. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. click Yes. 3. Roofs s 267 . 1. When a roof line is set to slope defining. The new roof displays. Select the left slope defining line. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Other controls also display. By default. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click the 9"/12" text. click Finish. Click Modify.

5. In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.rvt.4. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.

The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. On Home tab. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. set the overhang to 1' 0".Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise.rvt. Roofs s 269 . Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint. click to select them. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. 4. Clear Defines Slope. To chain-select all of the walls. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. On the Options Bar. 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.

Zoom into the chimney area. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. click Rectangle. Right-click. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar.Roofs . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 4. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Create a Roof Opening 1. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Using the image for guidance. As an alternate. 2. 3.

horizontal line. 3. select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. Roofs s 271 . Click Modify. 6. Select the left lower horizontal line.Add Slope Lines 1. select the Defines Slope. click Yes. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Select the uppermost. Click Finish. 5. On the Options Bar. 2. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 4. The slope indicator displays.

and chimney penetration. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. attached walls. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8.7.rvt. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.Roofs . In this exercise.

Roofs s 273 . 3. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select Defines Slope. Select the three walls shown in the image. 4. 2. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. set Overhang to 2' . The completed exercise On the Home tab. you create a hip roof. Create the Roof 1. Build panel.0". 5. Zoom into the area shown.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise.

sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. In addition. Switch to a 3D View.0". 6. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Right-click the ViewCube. click Line. 3. 2. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Raise the Roof 1. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .Roofs . Click Finish to complete the roof. s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette.7. you use the Line tool. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. To close the roof sketch. Click OK.

Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

Roofs . 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and then joined it to a wall.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. In this exercise. you created a hip roof using a footprint.2.

The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Create a Shed Roof 1. 5. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 3. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Clear Defines Slope. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel.rvt. Roofs s 277 . click Pick Walls. 2. On the Draw panel. 4. 6. click Line. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 7. you create a shed roof using the footprint method.

Roofs . 9. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Select the lower. 10. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 11. Click Modify.8. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the line. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Set the Offset to 0' 0". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. horizontal line at the front of the roof. On the Properties palette. 12. 13.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 17. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Roofs s 279 . click Yes. 15. Click OK. 16. Switch to a 3D view.14. 18. In this exercise. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Finish the Roof.rvt. you created a shed roof using a footprint.

On the menu bar. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Roofs . Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . You see four levels defined in the model. The roof updates. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 5.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Select the Roof. 4. Activate the view North Elevation. select Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 3. Open the Default 3D view.rvt. 2. Cutoff Level list. On the Properties palette. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.

In this exercise. 7. 9.6. Select the inner rectangle as shown. On the Draw panel.rvt. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Zoom and spin to see your model. set the slope value to 3"/12". 10. on the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. select Defines Slope. 13. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Finish the Roof. Roofs s 281 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 8. To set the slope for the new roof. 12. 11. On the Home tab. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. click Pick Lines. On the Options Bar.

In the Type Selector.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. thereby reducing energy consumption.Roofs . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Select the main roof over the house. 2. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 1.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 3.

Select the roof over the garage. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 2. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Click OK. For Name. 5. 3. click Edit. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette.Define a Roof Structure 1. 4. enter Clay Tile. It is a generic roof type. click Edit Type. For Structure Value. Click Insert to add a layer. click Duplicate. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Select Layer 2 as shown. Roofs s 283 .

8. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Click OK twice. select Model.rvt. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". The garage roof displays a pattern. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". In this exercise. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 6. 7. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Click OK to exit the dialog box.s s s In the Materials dialog box.Roofs . s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation.

In the Open dialog box. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rvt. On the Home tab. Roofs s 285 . to support a gutter.rfa. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. or for decoration. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. click Roof > Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Insert tab. 4. Click Open. 3. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 2.

For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. 6.5. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Edit Type. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. for Profile. Matte.Paint Finish Ivory. Click Duplicate. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Set the Material value to Metal . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.Roofs . Click OK.

9. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.8. In this exercise.

select Metal Aluminum. click Roof > Gutter. In the Type Properties dialog box. you add gutters to a building. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Place Gutters In this exercise. 2. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise 4. 5. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 6. s Click Duplicate.Bevel: 5" x 5". For Name. Click OK.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. select Gutter . Under Material parameter. so as not to detract from the design of the building.Roofs . 1. 3.rvt. under Profile parameter. Click OK. The file should open to a 3D view. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. On the Home tab. click Edit Type. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. you attached gutters to a roof. 10. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. If you click the interior face. 11.7. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. the gutter displays on the wrong side. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Roofs s 289 . Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Segments will clean up at corners.rvt. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 8. 9.

heat.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. and cold. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.

on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.

Gable b. None of the above 3. s Define a roof structure. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Hip c. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.Roofs . Gambrel d. High d. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. True b. Medium c. Shed 4. the run is always 12. a. Low b. General Questions 1. a. When referring to roof slope. s Place fascia. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Place gutters. False 2. a.

DEL d. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. profile. Change the direction of the roof. True b. face b. pick d. d. False 5. Footprint b. Footprint b. a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. a. b. Cut/Lengthen c. a. a. ENTER 4. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. sketch. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Change the direction of the slope. Slope c. you use: a. extrusion. To add a slope to a roofline. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. profile 2. Turn slopes on or off. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Sketch. Walls d. Activate Slope 9. Sketch c. Defines Slope c. TAB b. SHIFT c. 10. True b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Extrusion d. Create an opening. Create Slope d. c. a. Material 8.Revit Architecture Questions 1. place a check mark next to: a. Face 3. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Trim/Extend b. extrusion. Roofs can be created using ______. Walls. ______ or _______. Expand/Contract 6. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Footprint. A compound roof contains layers. True b. Add Slope b. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. False 7. a. Footprint. lines c.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create a section view. Lesson Plan 1. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create material annotations. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 .

A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. In a commercial structure.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and special equipment. Sections are used to examine the roof. bathrooms. In a residential building. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. floor. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.Sections and Elevations . and tool racks. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. the kitchen. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. the location of special equipment. cabinetry. After completing this lesson. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. interior elevations may be used to show display cases.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. Engineering. Technology. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM).

s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. across its narrower dimension. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. and foundation plans.Sections and Elevations . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. framing. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and are properly cross-referenced. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. t Cross or transverse sections. on the long axis of the building.

and steel. full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. such as framing connections and foundation details. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations.Sections and Elevations .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s The position relationship between different elements. such as doors and windows.

The size of the object is listed first. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. For example. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. cars. bushes. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. With interior elevations. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. quantity. You may. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. the titles assigned (North. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. East. however. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. shadows. For siding. South. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north." Mfr. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. people. Therefore. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. or methods of installation. Unnecessary Information Shades. and then the name of the material. and so forth. followed by any additional information about spacing. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. this is reversed. For a wood structure. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations.

Hinges are concealed. and other appliances. and types of finish materials used. or decorative patterns. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. flush overlay. shelf arrangements.Sections and Elevations . chamfers. and materials used. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. which is a formed pressboard. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. other openings. coving. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. doors and direction of door swings. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. or a baseboard. tile. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. It can also be used around doorways and windows. and lip. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . doors. and special equipment such as toilets. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. or MDF. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Molding is usually made of plaster. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. casements. wood. windows. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. This is usually done using a topset. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. The trim is usually glued into place. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". This is more costly than regular overlay. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. or linoleum) and the wall. Molding is normally decorative in nature. dishwashers. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. It may have curves.

Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. which you can then add to a sheet. s Change the section head. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create an interior elevation. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Add slope annotations. and a section symbol on all plans. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.

like an elevation. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. A section is a horizontal view. Once created. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. technology. and math standards. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Engineering. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. This lesson relates to science. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design.Sections and Elevations . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. elevation. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. Sections and Elevations s 307 .Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan.

you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.Sections and Elevations . When you create a section view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. By resizing the crop region. the section does not display in the elevation view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.

Slope is also referred to as pitch. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Details are crucial for effective construction. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. The slope is the ratio rise:run. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Once you create the detail section. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. tracing over the existing elements. s Add detail notes. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. In the example shown. such as anchor bolts and siding. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. In a set of construction documents. So. s Add structural details. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. s Add breaklines as needed.

try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations .

The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Sections and Elevations s 311 . On the View tab.rvt. Create panel. Open the file ADA_Sections. 3. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 2. The Section command is available from the View tab. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". click Section. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 4. The file opens to a 3D view. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The completed exercise 6. In the Scale list on the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create a Section View 1.

With the section line selected. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. and it has control grips to resize it. The actual location is not critical. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. This is called the crop region. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Section Properties 1. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. 3. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 2. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. On the Properties palette. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.Sections and Elevations . The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut.

In the Properties palette. Clear Crop Region Visible. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1.4. 5. The view is listed in your Project Browser. 8. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Note that the stairs are now easier to see. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The section view updates. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. In this exercise. you automatically created a section view.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 313 . 7. When you drew the section line. 6. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.

you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.rvt. On the Insert tab. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name.rfa. Select Section Head-Open. 5. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Section Head . click Duplicate. Click OK. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. The view does not change. They include Section Head . Several section head families are available. Settings panel.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. On the Manage tab. 7. Load from Library panel. and Section Head . 3.No Arrow. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 2. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Click Open to load the family.1 point Filled. enter Open Arrow. click Load Family.Sections and Elevations .Filled. 6.

click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. 9. Select the section line. For Section Head. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Save as Unit8_section_open. 12. Click OK.Open. 10.8. In this exercise. select Section Head .rvt. 11. In the Section Tag field. enter Open Arrow. The section head updates to the new head type. Click OK. 13. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. For Name. select Open Arrow. 14. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click Duplicate.

6.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Use the image below for guidance.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 2. On the View tab. 3. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. click Callout. 5. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". select the border of the callout. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. This is a building section.rvt. On the Options Bar. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 4. To reposition the callout head. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Create panel.

select Chain. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. You can add detail lines. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. On the Properties palette. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Annotate tab. 1. Line is selected automatically. 3. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. but not strongly. as shown. 4. region patterns. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar.7. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 8. Sections and Elevations s 317 . detail components. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Detail panel. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 2. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. click Region > Filled Region.

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. Select the upper and right side lines. 7. For Name. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.5.Sections and Elevations . enter Earth. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click Modify. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Click OK. 6.

1. 3. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. On the Place Detail Component tab. On the Annotate tab. the pattern becomes visible. the filled region may appear as solid fill.8. 2. Click OK. If you zoom in closer. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. 9. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. click Component > Detail Component. From the Fill Pattern list. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click Open.rfa. click Load Family. On the Mode panel. select Finish (green check). Detail panel. Detail panel. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects.Section. Sections and Elevations s 319 .

320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 5.Sections and Elevations .4. In the Specify Types dialog box. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. From the Type Selector. Click OK. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.

8. Using the image below for guidance. Move it after placement if necessary.6. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Sections and Elevations s 321 . select Plywood. Add another Detail Component. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list. 7. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.

at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. On the Properties palette. Select the vertical plywood. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 10. select anchor bolt. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector. Place the component similarly to the image below.9. Click Modify. set the Thickness to 3/4". This component represents the subflooring. 12. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.Sections and Elevations . Use the image below for guidance. 11. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Use the image below for guidance. 14.13. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Multiple. select Lap Siding. select Copy. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector. Click Modify. On the Modify panel of the context tab. On the Options Bar.

Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 2. select Wide Lines. On the Annotate tab.15.Sections and Elevations . Save the file. 16. Add Detail Lines 1. Start at the end of the siding. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. click Detail Line. From the Line Style Selector. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Detail panel.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Still using Wide Lines. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 4.3. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Zoom out.

In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 2. 7. Next. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Modify. Add Insulation 1. The wall display updates. Right-click. Save the file. identified as Wall material 1. 9. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box.Sections and Elevations . 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. you show the gypsum board in the wall. select the Material field in row 3. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. On the Annotate tab. 10. Detail panel. click Insulation. Select the wall so it highlights. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes.6.

Sections and Elevations s 327 . Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. From the Type Selector. select Break Line. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Detail panel.2. Your view should resemble the image shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 1. click Component > Detail Component. On the Annotate tab. 3.

and detail components to it. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The view should resemble the image shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Save the file. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 7.Sections and Elevations . The Detail Component tool is still active. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 6. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Place the breakline as shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). To complete the detail. detail lines. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. You place another breakline.4. 5.

weatherproofing. quantity. 3. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 2. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. To add notes. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The border around the view will disappear. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. 1. With nothing selected in the view. s Clear Annotation Crop. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values.rvt. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. and ventilation methods in construction documents. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.

On the Annotate tab. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.4" WEATHERING. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Move the pointer up 11. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. R13.Sections and Elevations .4. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 5. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Text panel. 7. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. On the Format panel. 12. 8. insulation. 6. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. click Text. Finally. leader arrow as shown. click Two Segments. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 10. From the Type list. As you pull your cursor to the right. 9.

Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. O. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 16. is an acronym for On Center.C. as the second line of text. . You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.13. 17. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 18. Start the next text at the floorboard..C. 20. Enter 5/8" GWB . Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. 19. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 15.C. 14. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.C.TYPE X. CONT is short for Continuous. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove..

Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 22. 23. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.Sections and Elevations .rvt. Click Modify. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 21.. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. In this exercise. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Click ENTER to start a second line. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Zoom to Fit.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.

In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. and locate the detail view on it. 6. 4. you will want to add the views to a sheet. section. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. 3.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. or elevation view. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. click Load. 2.rvt. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Highlight your title block. Click Open. highlight Sheets. Click New Sheet. Right-click. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. The new sheet becomes the current view. Locate the A-Landscape. 5.

7. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown.Sections and Elevations . Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 8. Click the control at its left end. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border. On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. select view Detail at Foundation. click Hide Crop Region. 9. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. click Show Crop Region. Select a Level Line.

you: s Created a new sheet.rvt. enter S. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . highlight the new sheet. Click Rename. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Number. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.10. 12. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. 11. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. 13. Right-click. In this exercise. For Name. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. In the Project Browser.301.

2. Right-click. four elevation views are included: north. The elevation markers are now visible. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. When you create a project with a template. Select Elevations. Click OK. 3. east.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 4. s Set the display for building components as needed. s Add material notes. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. s Add any necessary dimensions. 2.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open ADA_Elevations. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. s Add slope indication for roof. Click the Annotations tab.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. It is defined by the green dotted line. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 6. 5. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. and west. south.

Next. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 5. On the Annotations tab. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Sections and Elevations s 337 . clear Planting. On the Modelling tab. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 4. 3. On the View Control Bar.2. clear Sections.

select Edit in the Structure field. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 8. 10. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In Surface Pattern. Select the wall. 12. In this exercise.rvt. modified its display.7. 11.Sections and Elevations . Click the button that displays to select a material. click Edit Type.Exterior Stucco. click to open the list. It will be identified as Condo . Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. In the Type Properties dialog box. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. you activated an elevation view. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Click Zoom to Fit. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. 13. 9. Select Sand. and modified the wall display characteristics.

2. 4. 5. Sections and Elevations s 339 . quantity.rvt. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 3. In the Type Selector. The size of the object is listed first. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Add a note for the stone wall. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Add a note for the foundation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. or methods of installation. Enter TX. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note.

340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. 7. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. In this exercise. Add a note for the brick wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.6. 8.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the exterior stucco. Add a note for the roof.rvt.

you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Dimension panel.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 4. For Offset from Reference. 5. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 2. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. select Triangle. Sections and Elevations s 341 .rvt. from the Slope Representation list. 6. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. enter 1/8". Click to select the roof line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. click Spot Slope. 3. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Annotate tab. On the Options Bar.

Click Modify. On the Annotate tab. 11. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. click Aligned. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.7. Click to select the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.Sections and Elevations . 9. 10. Dimension panel.

To create a continuous dimension as shown. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. and dimensions for clarity. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. select wall breaks and levels. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. leaders. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Arrange notes. The west elevation now contains material notes.12. and vertical dimensions. 14. 13. Sections and Elevations s 343 .rvt. slope indicators. In this exercise.

A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. This view was already defined in the drawing. 2. In this exercise. dimensions. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. 3. and cabinetry. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Click Open View. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Right-click. kitchens. equipment rooms. Highlight the view. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. In the Project Browser. Click Find Referring Views.Sections and Elevations . special closets.

Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Select Suppress 0 Feet. On the Annotate tab. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Right-click. Clear Use Project Settings. click OK. click Aligned. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. s s s s Click Duplicate. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". In the Name box. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 7. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 5. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Sections and Elevations s 345 .4. Dimension panel. 6.

rvt. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.9. detail the interior section. In this exercise. You modified a dimension style. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.Sections and Elevations . Using the Text and Dimension tools.

s Create filled regions. Nobody in Charge d. All of the above 5. s Create a section view. The direction the viewer is facing. b. c. it depends. d. is always the true orientation. False 3. The direction the structure is facing. Walls c. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 2. 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Either one. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. c. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. such as north. Not in Contract c. Show the relationships between elements. s Create material annotations. All of the above. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. a. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Create slope annotations. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Not in Concrete b. True b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. General Questions 1. Cabinetry d.

c. click Sheet Composition > View. The dotted line indicates: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. d. South d. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure.Sections and Elevations . On the View tab. d. False 5. East b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. West c. Element properties c. True b. c. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. 4. The Visual Style of the view. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The boundaries of the view. a. The height of the view. Right-click. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. b. Sun and Shadow b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. True b. b and c. Click Add View. b. a. but not a 6. False 2. The detail level of the view. Which elevation is it? a. you use: a. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. North 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

6. (Student) Evaluate Students.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 2. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 3. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Export a schedule. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Review Schedules. Lesson Plan 1. s Load a schedule tag. s Reformat a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.Schedules . After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

such as reference number. About Schedules s 351 . Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. This lesson relates to science. technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. width. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Math (STEM). Technology.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and Language Arts. height. and math standards. and thickness.

and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. There are different types of schedule tables. However. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. the same primary information is included. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.Schedules . s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

However.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.Schedules . many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To clarify the reading of the floor plan. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Like schedules. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. hexagon. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. E for electrical. The following image shows door. window. Other letters are P for plumbing. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. A circle. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Using the software. and A for appliances. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. equipment. s Add room tags. Project templates include preset schedules. and Language Arts. hardware. s Export a schedule.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. Technology. s Create a room schedule. and math standards. windows. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. and you can create your own schedules. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Math (STEM). rooms. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules s 355 . you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. materials. technology.

Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals.rvt.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. 2. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Schedules . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.

Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Level. In Available Fields. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. select Comments. Height. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box.s Window Tag 5. On the View tab. Schedules s 357 . Click Add. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 6. 7. 4. Add Count. Select Windows from the list. and Width. Type Mark. 3.

Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules . 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. from left to right. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.8. Select the fields.

but without any useful calculations yet. 1. 3. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Schedules s 359 . Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. 2.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. From the Sort By list. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. select Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Select Blank Line.

for Sorting/ Grouping. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Rather than make a manual calculation. clear Itemize Every Instance. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. you can have the schedule report this. 4. In order to calculate the total number of windows. in the Then By sorting field. select Level. On the Properties palette. click the schedule name. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 3. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Notice how the schedule has changed. In the Project Browser. 2. click Edit. 1. in this case). The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.Schedules .

for Sorting/ Grouping. In this exercise. select Title. On the Properties palette. Count. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.rvt. click Edit 7. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Footer. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. From the list. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Schedules s 361 . and Totals. 6.5. The totals for each window type now display. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Set the schedule to display category totals.

click Overwrite the Existing Version.Schedules . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. ceiling type. click Room > Room. Room size. 3. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 2. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. based on the amount of space in each room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. floor type.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Room & Area panel. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. occupancy.rvt. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Click Open. 5. In this exercise. Open ADA_Room_Tags. On the Home tab. Locate the file named Room Tag. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. 4.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

On the Home tab. click Room > Room Separation Line. Click Modify to terminate the placement. 7. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Schedules s 363 . select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. a total of 7. 8. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule.In the Type Selector. and in the hall as shown. 6. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Room & Area panel.

Place a room tag below the room separation line. 11. s Change the word Room to Manager. 12. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. An edit box activates. On the Room & Area panel. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Click Modify. The room tag updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .9. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. s Click the Room text. The cursor changes to sketch mode. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. click Room. Select Room #2.Schedules . 13. 10.

s Added a room separation. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. for Name.rvt. you: s Loaded a room tag. In this exercise. 15. On the Properties palette. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. Schedules s 365 . s Tagged various objects. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.14.

and Area to be included in your schedule. 2. In the Available Fields pane. Name. 6. 4.rvt.Schedules . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Create a Room Schedule 1. The completed exercise 5. Click Add--> after each selection. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. enter Square Footage Report. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Set the Sort By value to Number. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. select Number. On the View tab. Create panel. 3.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The New Schedule dialog box displays. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. For Name.

clear Use Project Settings. Change the Heading to No. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Select Calculate Totals. 10. Highlight the Number field. s Set Alignment to Right. In the Format dialog box. s Set Units to Square Feet. Highlight the Area field. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 8. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 9. Schedules s 367 . Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. Select Grand Totals.7. Click the Formatting tab. Click OK.

rvt.11. s Totaled one of the columns. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.Schedules . Click OK to exit the dialog box. you: s Created a room schedule. In this exercise. 12. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.

Schedules s 369 . On the application menu. Note the formatting that has been applied. The file is created. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 5. Double-click it to open it. Using your Windows Explorer. 2. Browse to a directory to save your report. 6. Click OK. You can then use this file in other applications. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.rvt. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 3.txt) file. locate the file you created. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Click Save. you export the room schedule to a text file. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 4. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.

You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.7. 8.Schedules . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Close the text file.

2. A list of sheets used in a project. d. Matrix d. None of the above. Instance 3. s Reformat a schedule. a. True b. True b. What is a schedule table? a. s Place a schedule tag. Questions 1. c. you learned to: s Create a schedule. False 4. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False Summary/Questions s 371 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Type b. a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Quantity c. A list of information that defines specific building objects. b. s Load a schedule tag.

use the ____ . View tab c. a. View c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Modify 2. Home d. Manage tab 3. XLS c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. CSV d. Annotate b. To export a schedule. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. TXT b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu d.Schedules . Annotate tab b.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 2. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3.

s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Add planting components.Visualization . You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Export an FBX file. After completing this lesson. s Export a walkthrough. and Language Arts. Engineering. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Create a raytrace rendering.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. Technology. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Orient walls and windows. or camera on a path. s Place a camera. you create a walkthrough. Math (STEM). Finally. s Play a walkthrough. s Assign materials. The animation file can be played in any media player. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.rvt.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Assign materials. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Open Unit2_custom_family. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. s s 2. To prepare your model for rendering. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. Click Zoom to Fit. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. You worked on animations. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. s Make a camera view the active view. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.

All the exterior walls highlight in blue. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.3. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 4. Stud. The wall display updates. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select any exterior wall. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select one of the exterior walls. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The walls now display layers of materials. Right-click. 6. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.Visualization . verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 5.

Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. 8. Open the Default 3D view. On the Properties palette. Right-click. 10.7. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select the toposurface object. Select Site: Grass. In addition to using the control arrows. Select walls. Click Change wall's orientation. Repeat the process for the windows. Click OK. you can: s s s 9. Visualization s 377 . Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.

The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.11. click Import > Import. On the application menu. Click OK in any notices and warnings. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. 3. Depending on your system resources. you have completed this exercise. On the application menu. 12. Note the file location. Save the file as Unit10_Export.rvt. for Files of type. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Open 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Export > FBX. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. select Autodesk (*. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. and click Open. In the Select File to Import dialog box.FBX). This will filter the file list.Visualization . 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2.

Visualization s 379 . In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file.rvt. On the application menu. Close the file without saving. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. There is no way to update it from Revit. click Next. Open or return to Revit. Depending on your system resources. Export the Model to DWG 1. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 2. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.4. Note the file location. 3. If necessary. you have completed this exercise. open Unit10_Export.

click File. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Open 3ds Max Design. Click Open. On the application menu. In the File Link Manager .Visualization . open Unit10_Export. 5. 6. 9. If necessary. Select the file name. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Close the File Link Manager. Select two windows as shown. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.max. click Attach This File. 8.4. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 7. click References > File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.rvt.

12. The windows have updated. Save the file. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 11. On the application menu.10. Open the 3D view. Visualization s 381 . Save the export file using the same name as before. In the dialog box. 13. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before.

Open the File Link Manager. s Click Reload. In this exercise. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.14. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The linked file updates. The windows have changed. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. Open the Files tab. 15. s Oriented walls and windows.Visualization . s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Close the File Link Manager.

Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. generate a rendering. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. click Camera. Visualization s 383 . Create panel. you place a camera in a model. add plantings to the model. as shown. Open the Site view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. In this exercise. If you place the camera too close to the model. On the View tab. change materials. 2. and create a second rendering.rvt. 3. Open Unit10_Export. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Place a Camera 1.

To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Click Show Camera. On the View Control Bar. 7. select Very Few Clouds. 2. Open the Site view again. Render Setup 1. 5. 6.Visualization .4. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Right-click. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. The camera perspective view opens. click Show Rendering Dialog. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. The camera will be visible. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. s s s s Open a floor plan view. If necessary. Return to the perspective view.

click Site Component.30' approximately as shown. Click Render.3. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. On the Massing & Site tab. s Click Render. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Visualization s 385 . Output Settings. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Accept the default settings for Quality. Open view 3D View 1. Model Site panel. Enhance the Model 1. Open the Site view. 2. 3. and Lighting.

On the Properties palette. 6. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Properties palette. 5. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Materials list. Select the roof. 3. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field. 4. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.4. The model displays in the view. In the Save to Project dialog box.Wood Shake. Change Materials 1. 2. Click Edit in the Structure field.Visualization . select Roofing . click Show the Model. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click OK. and you can now select elements for editing. click Save to Project. Revit places the image in its own view. click Edit Type. Select an exterior wall.

Select the icon next to Masonry . 8. 9.10. Click the Render Appearance tab.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Edit in the Structure field. 7. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace.

click Render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. Select Masonry . 13. s Edited materials in model components. s Generated and captured a render image. The new image is placed in its own view. 16. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 15. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. 14.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Created a raytrace setup. Save the file as Unit10_render. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a second render image. click Save to Project.Visualization . In this exercise. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Placed site planting components in the model. 12. Click OK.11.

3. Create panel. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. or frame. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. 4. Click Zoom Out (2x).rvt. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. rendered. The camera and path can be edited. s View the animation in a media player. In this exercise. s Edit the camera and path. Visualization s 389 . and exported individually. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. To place a key frame. s Right-click again. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Click Zoom to Fit. Each view. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. click to the left of the model as shown. s On the View tab. or walkthroughs. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Open Unit10_render. along the path can be viewed in different modes. click 3d View > Walkthrough. Open floor plan view Level 1. s Right-click. in a project model. 2.

11. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. Walkthrough panel. click Edit Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 6. Drag it to the left.Visualization . The camera is located on the final key frame. click Finish Walkthrough. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.5. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. The Options Bar changes. 9. 10. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Repeat for all the key frames. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the direction control for the camera. 8. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 7.

Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Open.12. Click Edit Walkthrough. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 13. select Path. 2. 3. Drag the path away from the model as shown. The path displays control dots at key frames. click Next Key Frame. From the Controls list. If camera positions distort. On the Walkthrough panel. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Check the view in several key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Visualization s 391 .

In the Video Compression dialog box. click OK. The walkthrough plays in the view window.rvt. Export the Walkthrough 1. Click Play. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Length/Format dialog box. 4. Revit generates the external AVI file. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 2. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. select a video compression method to hold down file size. notice where you save the file. 3. 2.Visualization . File Name. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click OK. Click Save.

Plan your class time accordingly. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Visualization s 393 .5. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. It plays in your media player.

s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. If you have made changes to the building model. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.Visualization . In this exercise. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .7. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file.

Save As > FBX c. Align c. Split b. s Place a camera. Questions 1. a. Flip Orientation d. View > Shading d. True b. s Export a DWG file. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. False Summary/Questions s 395 . True b. False 2. Print to File b. s Create a raytrace rendering. Demolish 2. a. s Add planting components.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough. s Assign materials. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. a. you use: a. Export > FBX 3. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. True b. s Play a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you use: a. s Export an FBX file. s Apply shading to a view. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

In the following exercises. 6. you learn how to place structural columns. beams and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 5. beam systems. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. beams. Review structural columns. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. and braces.

For example. and other structural elements will be located in a building.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. beams. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Knowing where structural members.Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls. and other building objects.

This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Structural s 401 .Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Create column grids. Technology. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Place beam systems and braces. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Place columns and beams on grids.

2. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. 3. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Structural columns can be steel. wood.Structural . In residential construction. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. Select a floor. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. this is known as post and beam construction. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. On the View Control Bar. beams can be steel. or reinforced concrete.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . often mainly glass. As with columns. or concrete. wood. Beams connect columns or walls.Hide Category. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. 1. They come in types defined by size and shape. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. spans without walls. Open Deck Framing. click Column > Structural Column. In this exercise. On the Build panel of the Home tab.

Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 7. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click Modify to terminate the Column tool.4. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 8. click Depth. 3A. In the Type Selector. 5. On the View Control Bar. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Structural s 403 . and 4B. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the edge of the left floor to select it. On the Options Bar.

Zoom in so you can see the deck. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 11. Click Hide In View > Element. The columns are now hidden by the floors.9. Click OK. Place Beams 1. 10. and columns clearly. Right-click. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser.Structural . 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click OK. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 2.

4. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 5. Structure panel. On the Options Bar. In the Type Selector. Click. select Chain. On the Structure tab. click Beam.3. s In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. To place beams: Structural s 405 .

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 7. Click Modify. Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. On the Properties palette. 6. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.

On the Properties palette. as shown. 12. Structure panel. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.8. click Make Wall Bearing. Click on grid intersection B4. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 9. Click Modify. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Click. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click OK. click Beam. In this exercise. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Structural s 407 . s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection.rvt. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors.

Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Place braces. On the Structure tab. Place Beam Systems 1. 3. Click the beam on Grid 1. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. The completed exercise 5. click Beam System. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 4. distance.Structural .Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. 2. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. In this exercise. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. you: s Place beam systems. Structure panel. Open Deck Beams. click No. click Pick Supports. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab.rvt. click Sketch Beam System. or number of beams in a bay.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 . as shown. 7. click Line. On the Draw panel. Draw a line on the face of the wall.

8. click Create Similar. click Line. On the Properties palette. 10. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s s On the Draw panel. Click Finish. click Finish (green check). s s s On the Draw panel. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. click Pick Supports. On the Mode panel.2". set Elevation to -0'-9".Structural . Trim as necessary. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. On the Properties palette. Click the beam on Grid 2. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.6". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. 11. s 9.

click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the View Control Bar. Click to place the elevation. Structural s 411 . Create panel. 2. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. 3. 4. On the View tab. unlike regular elevations. as shown. On the Structure tab. Adjust the view crop region as shown.Place Braces 1. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. It has an automatic work plane. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Structure panel. In the Project Browser. click Brace. 5.

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the view window. 9. In the Type Selector.Structural . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.6. to start the brace. 8. Click Modify. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat the brace going right to left.

s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems.10.rvt. Structural s 413 . In this exercise. 11. Save the file as Deck structure.

but they can also be angular and radial. as shown. s s In the view window. beams. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. In this exercise. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Grid datasets. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. This is a common step early in designing a large building. The numbering automatically increments. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. You can change a grid number at any time. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Pull the cursor straight up.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. click Grid. and walls. The exact location is not critical. click in the lower left to start a grid line. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. elevation. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. In plan views. The exact length is not critical. 2. and section views.Structural . lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Datum panel. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan.

4. Click to start another grid line. Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Structural s 415 . Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active.3.

The new grid line is number 5. click Copy. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.5. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. close to the heads.Structural . To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. Click to start a grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. 7. s Select Grid Line 2. click to place the grid line. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Press ENTER. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Press ENTER. Repeat to create grid line 4. Pull the cursor to the left. The new grid line will be number 3. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Enter A at the keyboard. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Pull the cursor to the right.

Click outside the bubble to enter the number. On the grid line. Change the number to 2. This completes the main grid. This grid line will be number B. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Select grid 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 9. Grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset.8. s Click Copy. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 10. s Click to place the grid line. 11. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1 is still selected. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Structural s 417 . The Grid tool is still active. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.1.

Create panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. s Click to start the grid line. The Grid tool is still active. In the Radius field. On the Home tab. Click to place the grid head. set Offset to 15'-0".Structural . click Pick. Click in the new grid bubble. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Grid. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Options Bar. Press ENTER. 3. select Center-Ends Arc. Zoom to Fit. On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. Change the number to EE. enter 15. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. 4. click Radius.000 o .Create a Radial Column Grid 1. s s Click grid intersection D3. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135.

Drag it down below the radial grids. 7. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Structural s 419 . Click to place grid FF.5. Select grid 3 to show its controls. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

Structural . s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Enter 31 to change the name. click Mirror . Zoom to Fit.8. s Click grid intersection D3. s Select grid 3. s In this exercise. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Press ENTER. s 10. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. 9. 11. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.000. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Select grid 31. Click to place the grid line. click Create Similar. Revit will create grid 32. Click in the new grid bubble.rvt.Pick Axis.

Open ADA_Grids-complete. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In the Type Selector. Structural s 421 . select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. 2. you typically create a grid. This is a steel column. As a result. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s Add footings to columns. s 3.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. In this exercise. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Change a grid layout. click Column > Structural Column. Structure panel. s Use a column grid to place beams.

5. set Height to Level 3. click Finish. 4. 3. In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 2.s s On the Options Bar. On the Multiple panel. click At Grids.Structural . 4. C and D. B. 6. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A.

On the Multiple panel. Zoom to Fit. click Finish. The grid.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. click On Grids. 3. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 2. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Beam. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Open Floor Plan Level 2. and beams will move to the right. 5. Click Grid 1. 4. Window-select all the grid lines. On the Multiple panel. Structural s 423 . columns.

On the Multiple panel.Structural . On the Quick Access toolbar. window-select all the columns.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 4. click Isolated. In the view window. 3. click No. On the Multiple panel. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Columns and beams will move to the right. 2. click Undo. Click Redo. Open the Default 3D view. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 6. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 1. click Finish. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click At Columns.

5. Press ESC to clear the column selection. 7. The footing changes size. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". The footing had been placed at Level 1. A warning displays. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. To change the size of the footing. Click OK. 6. Structural s 425 . s On the Properties palette. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. in the Type Selector.

Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns.Structural . 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise.8.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics.Structural .

s Add footings to columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Change a grid layout. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. 2. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Use a column grid to place columns. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place braces. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beam systems. False Summary/Questions s 429 . True b. Column b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Questions 1. Beam d. Brace c. All of the above. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.

Select a beam type and define the system layout. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. you: a. b. To change the height of a column. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. A but not B. d. you use: a. 5. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Select the type of beam or column to place. Stretch b. To create a beam system. False 4. Use grid lines and grid intersections. a. d. a. c. 3. All of the above. c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Pick points. 2. True b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Properties c. A and B.Structural . b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. True b. If you relocate a grid line. Flip Orientation d. When placing columns or beams. you can: a.

Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Poway High School. Milwaukee. South Division High School. Poway. Smith . Randy Dymond. Susan Harrington . PE . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Executive Director. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. International Technology Education Association www.org Project Lead the Way. Inc.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Starkweather . Mathematics. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Teacher. CA Ronald A Williams. Ltd. WI Roger Dohm .Instructor.Director.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.iteaconnect. Copyright s 431 .

111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. AutoCAD. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk Revit Architecture. “AS IS. AutoCAD Architecture. INC. Trademarks Autodesk. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document.. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. CA 94903. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Inc. Inc. All rights reserved. AutoCAD MEP. this publication. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Inc. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. AutoCAD Civil 3D. or parts thereof. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Autodesk Inventor. All other brand names.” AUTODESK. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Published by: Autodesk. All rights reserved. by any method. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK.© 2010 Autodesk. 2010 Autodesk. for any purpose. INC. Autodesk Revit MEP. Inc.. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. product names. Inc.

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