Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. the display shows editable distances and angles. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. intersections.

roofs. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and 3D views. section. You can add building elements in plan. elevation. windows.Software Tools . 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. stairs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. furniture. Other building elements such as doors. floors.

relationships can be established that make editing efficient. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . If one is moved. or at any time after. the other will move as well.While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the illustration shown.

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints. In essence.

s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Constrain placement of objects. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. and math standards. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). s Place a predefined Mass family. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. technology. Engineering. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. engineering. This lesson relates to science.

Masses can be edited in many ways. you can create in-place masses. size. walls. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and curtain systems. owner. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. or masses. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. roofs. and then converted into building components such as floors. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. quickly.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. A designer. such as distance requirements from roadways. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.Software Tools . There are mass families available to load into a project. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools .

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. masses. walls. roofs. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and Language Arts. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Technology. tags. s Explain the use of dimensions. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. legends. Annotation includes text notes. engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and symbol heads. technology.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.y.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

and Options Bar. technology.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Open tabs on the ribbon. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open and use ribbon tabs. and math standards. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Technology. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. s Work with tool buttons. Engineering. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Math (STEM). engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser.Software Tools . the Type Selector. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. doors. Some commands will not be active (that is. windows. Its position is fixed.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . and rooms. beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. for instance. The ribbon sits above the drawing window.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

and foundations. trusses. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. columns. detailing. and text. symbols. structural walls.

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Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . copy/paste.Software Tools .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. Context tabs display as you work. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials. and inquiry.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Open. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . and Close. Save.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules. Legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.Software Tools . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. sheets.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. and groups. with four elevation markers visible. families. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. cropping. level of detail.Software Tools . The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To toggle the Project Browser on/off. rendering (in 3D views). The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. sun settings. visual style. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. Windows panel on the ribbon. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. shadow display. and a selection filter counter at the far right end.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. A check mark indicates it is visible. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Select the desired view scale from the list. To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

date and time. or by global location. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. sun and shadow intensity. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. which can be according to the view.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 .

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. These controls. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings.Software Tools . enabling you to select them.

Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Collaborate. Massing & Site. Manage and Modify.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Structure. Nine tabs are available: Home. Annotate. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. View. Display and Navigation s 55 . The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Insert. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. To activate or open a view. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

If you select items in the view window. the Options Bar may display below it. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. When a context tab is active. Display and Navigation s 57 . Options Bar.Context Tabs. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Properties Palette. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. showing options that you can select while you are working.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

File Save. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Display and Navigation s 65 . Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. The application menu contains file management controls. and Publish. On the right is a list of recently opened files. New File. Print. Export. Click a file name to open that file. the application menu.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The panel titles display under the tab titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. or click New > Project from the application menu. On the ribbon. If you select the menu option. The completed exercise 4. To start a new project. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. After you have examined each of them. Display and Navigation s 67 . make the Home tab active. 3. 2. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Do this for other tabs. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon.

6. 7. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Close the file without saving. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. and then viewed. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Icons for panels display below tab titles.5.Software Tools . You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. They disappear when you move the cursor away. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. you opened a project file. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. In this exercise. Select Cycle Through All.

A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. In the Project Browser. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open quick_start_building_elements. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Exercise 2.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. 2.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view.

The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 5. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click OK. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 6. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Clear Walls and Doors. . the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements.3. and windows highlight blue.Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. all the walls. On the Properties palette. doors. 8. Click any interior wall. 4. 7.

11. click Create panel > Create Similar. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Display and Navigation s 71 .rvt. you opened a project file. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. examined the menus and toolbars. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Click any door.9. 10. On the Properties palette. 12. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Place a door as shown. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. In this exercise. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.

s Load and place component families. System families include levels. lines. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and elevation views by default. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. mechanical equipment). Component families include model objects (furniture. and views. ceiling plan. s Work with Revit families. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. You can create sections. and 3D views using the View menu. and Language Arts. building elements (walls. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. display controls. floors).Software Tools . s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Pan. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. schedules. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Create a new in-place family. drafting views. Technology. In the exercises. Math (STEM). Engineering. operating settings. annotations.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. templates. either predefined or user-created. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Revit provides floor plan.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. technology.This lesson relates to science. engineering.

The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Right-click.rvt.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Four elevation markers are visible. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Rightclick in the view window. VG also opens the dialog box. The display changes. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit. There is no way to see everything in it. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Open Unit2_building_elements. 3. is an extensive database. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click Zoom to Fit. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click the Annotation Categories tab. First. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. There is also a copy in the course datasets.Software Tools . 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . even a small one.

There are two parts to an elevation. Click Open. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Click and drag the cursor as shown. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 6. Right-click. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Select Detail Level: Medium. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Select the roof outline. click Detail Level. Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Enter ZF. Click Zoom In Region. On the View Control Bar. 7. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . 5. Right-click. so be sure to select them both.4.

Enter VH. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. 2. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .8. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. doors and windows are not shown.Software Tools . It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. change the Underlay value to None. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. View Properties 1. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. as before. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. You simplify it into a Roof Plan.

enter Roof. the ridge is now visible. Click Rename. Click OK. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Right-click. Next to View Range. 4. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. click Edit. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof.3. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Set the cut plane value to 7' . and where the cut plane sits. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Working with Views and Objects s 77 .0". For Name.

Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Accept the location that activates. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen.Graphic Display Options 1. In the Presets list. 2. select Shadows On. 3. Set the time to 9:30 am. 4. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 5. select Still.Software Tools . In the dialog box that opens. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open Elevation view South. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Winter Solstice. select Shading with Edges. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. under Solar Study. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.

6.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_views. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.

80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. windows. Additionally. and use a Revit family to place a door. This exercise illustrates how you locate. and place Revit families. is predefined within Revit. Open Unit2_views. you open an existing project file. and furniture. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. On the Home tab.Software Tools . Build panel. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. These components are called families and there are several different types. click Door. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. roofs. Doors. and annotations are examples of standard families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. or stand-alone (for example. such as levels. and so on. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. standard families. s A system family. You add closet doors to interior walls. 2. 3. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. windows. furniture. walls. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. railings. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. commercial. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. furniture). Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. There are system families. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. and floors. Doors are considered standard family entities. doors and windows are dependent on walls). In Revit. floors. and families in place. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. or institutional structures. lights. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. load.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). You click to place an instance of the door family. 5. Click Open. Family files have a file extension of *. Furniture. s s 6. Click the Doors folder. Click Open. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rvt. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. and Annotation. The Door Insertion tool stays active. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Accept the default size. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. 4. Locate Double Panel 2. Tag panel.rfa.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. It has a number of different sizes defined. As you move your cursor near any wall.rfa. Project files have a file extension of *. If you highlight a door family.

Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.7. In this exercise. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Place an instance of the door as shown. loaded. 9. but not strongly. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. and placed instances of a door family. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . simply click it. you located.Software Tools . The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.rvt. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. 8. Place two more instances of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.

modify a door family. enter 48" x 80".rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . Open Unit2_doors_walls. click Duplicate. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. 4. 3. you open an existing project file. Select the double door as shown. 5. 2. This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The required width is not available. and create an in-place family.

The door updates. 5. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In the dialog box. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. select Generic Models.Software Tools . is to create a component family in place. 2. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 4. Click OK. click Component > Model In-Place. 1. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Build panel. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. enter Hall Clock. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. On the Properties palette. On the Home tab. 3. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. set the Extrusion End value to 6".6. For Name. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Click OK. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.

On the Draw panel. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. You have created the base of the clock. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . In this exercise. Revit will display . 10. click Rectangle. Click OK. as shown. 9. you located. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model.4" as shown. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.0' 2". and placed a door family. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. 7. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 11. The family model updates. 12. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.rvt. 13.6.2". Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. 8.

Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

Either a or b. depending on the template selected. False 2. load. d. s Access. Questions 1. Each project has several predefined views. b. s Change view properties. tab. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Create an in-place model family. True b. False 4. and click Open. The tool shown is used to: a. False 5. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. and Options Bar. Zoom in Region is used to: a. b. False 3.Software Tools . context tabs. True b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. c. Spin the model in 3D space. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. a. True b. s Change type properties of a family. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Open different views. To activate a view: a. 6. Create a 3D perspective view. s Adjust Visual Style Options. Right-click. Turn on Shadows. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. s Change view displays. c. d. a. Zoom to the entire model. and place a family from a library. Views can be renamed. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. 7. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. Zoom to an area selected by a right click.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. b. c. a. d.

windows. etc. Blocks c.) are called: a. Scroll d. a. Rotate c. All of the above. Families 11. A family created within a project is called ________________. depending on settings 9. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . In-Place d.8. Parts d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Project Browser d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Multiview b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Properties palette 10. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . a. Pan and Zoom b. Standard b. System c.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

5. 9. s Set project units. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. Lesson Plan 1. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 6. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 2. s Duplicate and modify views. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Create dimension and text styles. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create labels. 7. s Create a project template. 3.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit.

colors.Standards and Building Codes . Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.org. Visit the AIAS website at www.aias. After completing this lesson. Engineering. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . should be used. linetypes. Math (STEM). and so forth. Technology. linetypes. Explain why templates are used. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. colors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. defining the layers. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.org. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.aia. Visit the AIA website at www. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. and Language Arts. based on the AIA standards. and the settings that are preset within them.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

the number being its numerical value. A garage must be completely enclosed. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. otherwise it is considered a carport. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. For example. a garage. If there is a fire. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. one window. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. it must have at least one door. and one closet. windows. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and so on. it cannot be called a bedroom. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. a bathroom. defined and adopted by convention. A unit is a particular physical quantity. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. doors. like mechanical drawing. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. If it lacks any of these components.

its value is expressed in the unit meter. Standards and Building Codes s 95 .. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. In architectural drafting. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. the construction industry still uses the English.. unit symbol m. such as room size and wall height. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. units are applied to dimensions. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. in the United States. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and other materials. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. also known as the International System of Units. glass. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. is 555 ft. However. is 169 m. unit symbol ft. using imperial units.For example. Another method is to apply dual notation. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. or imperial. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Here h is the physical quantity. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies.

Each size is designated by a letter.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. every 1/8" would represent 1'. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and viewports. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). In Revit Architecture. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".) 8.Standards and Building Codes . sheets. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.Scales are ratios. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. one value representing another value. line weight and pattern.

can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).a modified version of the AIA standard. elevators. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create and position views. symbols. The integers go from 0 to 9. site plan. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. temporary Schedules Sections. notes Demolition. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. and then add a title block or other symbols. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.01.01. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.

or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. drawing scales. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . Usually. that is. annotation plot sizes. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. fonts. so that the height is less than the width. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. followed by information on the building's owner. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and layer standards. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The paper is oriented landscape. The column is divided into sections. For example. the date drawn. and other relevant information. the HVAC company. The next space is for tracking revisions.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the author of the drawing. the electrician. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Typically. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.

dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. layer settings. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Standards and Building Codes . and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. windows. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Engineering. views. Math (STEM). Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. dimension styles. Technology. and walls. These can be used to build your model.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and math standards. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology.

Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Condominiums. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . apartments. you create a new project file using a template. On the application menu. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. 2. In Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. click Browse.Standards and Building Codes . In the New Project dialog box. factory. or store. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 3. click New > Project. Select a Template 1. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. you use templates as starting points.

rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click OK. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Settings s 103 . Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.4. 5. Click Open. click Close to close this project without saving. In this exercise. saving set up time. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 6. you started a new project file using a standard template. Select the Residential-Default. On the application menu.

This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.rvt. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. open ADA__Settings. In the Project Browser. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Place the cursor over the left wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The file opens to a 3D view. In the courseware datasets folder.Standards and Building Codes . The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Pull the cursor to the right. The Wall tool remains active. click Wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. 3. Click to start a new wall. 2. Build panel. the drawing setup options are preset. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. expand Floor Plans under Views. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.

Click Format for Length. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. click to start a new wall. Close the file without saving. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Settings s 105 . In this exercise. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.4. and move the cursor right. 7. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. s Set Unit symbol to m.) 6. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Place the cursor over the left wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 8. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. 5.

Standards and Building Codes . enter Big Text. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. 4. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Dimension panel. 2. By default.rvt. 1. Open ADA_Dimensions. 3. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. click Duplicate. click Edit Type. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. create. but also control the size and location of objects. Temporary dimensions display when you select. In the Type Properties dialog box.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. dimensions not only display. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Click OK. For Name. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. or insert components. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. On the Properties palette. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Aligned. temporary and permanent. On the Annotate tab. there are two types of dimensions.

6. and bottom horizontal walls. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". left. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Text Size to 3/16". 7. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Select the top. Settings s 107 . The Dimension tool is still active. s Click OK twice. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click to place. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.5.

upper. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving. The Dimension tool stays active. In this exercise. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Click to place the dimension. created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.8. you opened an existing file. and far right vertical walls. s s s Select the far left. 9. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. Right-click. Notice the door and window tags. There are no annotations visible. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Settings s 109 . These are annotations. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In the datasets folder. 2. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In order to do this. and the view window displays the new plan. In the Project Browser.rvt.

Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Settings panel. 7. Click Rename. 9. In the Project Browser. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Project Information. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. In the Project Browser. Double-click to open it. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 8. Model Categories tab. Click OK to update the display of this view. On the Manage tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 5. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV.4. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 1. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK. 6.Standards and Building Codes .

Click OK. Rightclick. In the Value column of Project Address. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. or supply your own values: Click OK. 3. Enter the address as shown. Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. click Edit. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.) 3.Add a Sheet 1. Click OK. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. 2. 2. You can also enter the address of your school. Settings s 111 .

01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 5.4. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Notice the change to the title block. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Add a View to the Sheet 1. In the Identity Data and Other sections. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.Standards and Building Codes . Click Apply.

Settings s 113 . 2. Select Deactivate View. Select the new viewport. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Add View to Sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. 3. Click Activate View. You see the view at the end of your cursor. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click. Right-click in the view. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4.

Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. deselect it.Standards and Building Codes .5. The Scale updates in the title block. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6. you: select it. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Close the file without saving. of the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Added a sheet. Finish the move. Place the cursor 7. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise.

Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.rft. This is one of the longer exercises. 3. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Settings s 115 . The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Start Revit Architecture. 2.5.5 title block template opens. 4. click New > Titleblock. Select A-11x8. It opens to the Recent Files window. A copy of the 11 x 8. Click Open. On the application menu.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Your teacher may specify another location. On the application menu.Landscape. Accept the Sample Value. 11. Add a label for Checked By. Click Zoom to Fit. s Click Add. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 14. On the Quick Access toolbar. 15. s Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. 12. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 10. Right-click. click Save to save the title block.rfa. Accept the Sample Value. 13. Add a label for Sheet Number. Save the title block as A . In this exercise.9. click Close.Standards and Building Codes . select Drawn By. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. you created a title block using a template file. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.

In the Recent Files window. 3. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. On the View tab. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Settings s 125 . you create a new project file. 5. click New to create a new project using the default template. and then load a custom title block into your project. Locate your title block. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. 4. 2. Highlight the title block and click OK. The title block appears in the graphics window. Insert a Title Block 1. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Open. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks.

Select the title block. Click OK. In this exercise. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. enter your name.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter Student Project Unit 3. 6. Settings panel.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Click Zoom to Fit. s For Checked By. enter your instructor's name. The parameters on the title block will update as shown.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 4. 2. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. click Project Information. Click OK. On the Properties palette. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK. you a created a new project file. 3. s For Drawn By.

settings. angles. and then load them like families. you create a new project file. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. In the New Project dialog box. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. and slope angle. There are various settings you can define for your template. in addition to predefined wall types. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 1. such as 3D and plan views. 3.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . you define the title block. click New > Project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Create a Template In this exercise. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 2. s Families: Load in families you use most often. On the application menu. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. including how the rendered image looks. In this exercise. a dimension style. select Project Template. On the Insert tab. and the units for your custom template. Click OK. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and geometry from the template. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project.

In the Type Properties dialog box. Open the title block A . For Name. 10. Next.rfa. click Settings panel > Project Units. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". On the Annotate tab. Click the Length field in the Format column. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .4. There will be no visible change. 6.Standards and Building Codes . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. create a Dimension Style. On the Manage tab.Landscape. Set the units for the template. 5. 7. enter 3/16" Verdana. You create a custom dimension style. 9. 8. Click OK twice. click Duplicate. Click OK.

Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Rightclick. select Sheets (All). Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Click New Sheet.11. 14. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. In the Project Browser. 15. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. Settings s 129 . Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click OK. Select the A .

The title block updates. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save your project template in your class project folder. 17. you created a new template file using a dimension style. In this exercise. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes .16. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. and units that you defined.rte. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. as well as dimension style and units. You can use this template for future projects. title block. Save the file name as A-English template.

Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. abstract format. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

dimension styles. you learned to: s Set units in a file.02 d. An architect b. s Change dimension colors. s Create a title block. a. s Create dimensions. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design.05 c. s Create a dimension style. and symbols used in drawing? a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. NCTM d.02 b. s Create labels. a. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. A. P. 1:32 5. s Create a text style. a. A. is defined as what? a. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". English c.Standards and Building Codes . AIA b. NCSESA 2. 1:24 d. s Change lineweight. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. A unit 4.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . True b. s Create text. False 3. A particular physical quantity. s Create a template. S. UBC c. Using AIA Standards. 1:12 c. General Questions 1. 1:3 b. Metric d.

Point offsets 3. True b. Wall centerlines c. a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. To set the units in a project. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. False Summary/Questions s 133 . False 4. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. By default. True b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. To change the scale of a view. Application menu > Properties b. To create a new sheet. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. In Revit Architecture. a. False 6. you use: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Wall midpoints d. dimensions snap to: a. Wall faces b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. you click: a. a.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 2. s Define a wall structure. 3. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create a wall. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .

or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. and protect its interior spaces.Walls . separate. or filling in between. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. their construction and materials. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. List the different types of occupancy. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. After completing this lesson. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. them. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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) Press ENTER to update the wall length. 4. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Expand the Type Selector list. click it to open an edit field. As you continue to move the cursor. Stud. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.3. Enter 10. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. the dimension updates incrementally. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. an angular dimension displays. but it disappears when you begin another action. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. 5. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. It will not print. To modify a dimension. Clear the Chain option. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. a dashed line displays. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Select the Single Line option. Click to set the endpoint. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . After you create the wall. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Walls s 151 . indicating wall length.Brick on Mtl.

Select panel. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Click the wall. 7. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.Walls . The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Click to start the next wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. click the Detail Level icon. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The wall does not show any internal detail. Create panel. the controls may sit on top of one another. click Modify to stop placing walls. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. On the View Control Bar. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. enter 7.6. Depending on your zoom in the view. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. After setting the vertical wall's direction. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Create Similar. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. 8. Press ENTER.

Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Also. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. release the mouse button to set a new length.9. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Select the right vertical wall. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. an alignment line displays. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Walls s 153 . Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Click Modify. 10. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. notice how the wall joins at the corner.

13. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 15. Click Cancel. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Right-click. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 14. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Build panel. 16. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. When using the Chain option. This is the same as clicking Modify. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Sketch the walls as shown. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 12.11. click Wall. On the Home tab.Walls . Select the lower vertical wall. Repeat.

18. Clear the Chain option. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Zoom to Fit. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Walls s 155 . Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". 20. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Modify. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 17. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Create Similar again. 19.rvt. In this exercise. Select the Three Point Arc tool. After clicking the second end. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR.

Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. This exercise illustrates how to split. 3. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 2. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. and extend walls.Walls . align. trim. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify. You now remove the upper right corner.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Do the same for the vertical wall. you first split the walls at the intersections. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Split Walls 1. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. fillet. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.rvt from the previous exercise. Both split walls are shown below. Only part of the wall highlights. To do this.

2. Create panel. 4. Select any wall. Modify panel. On the Modify | Wall tab.Fillet Walls 1. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Click Fillet Arc. You can also click the flip control. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 5. select Radius. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. On the Options Bar. click Undo and repeat the steps. If you make a mistake. click Create Similar. click Delete. 3. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Enter 5'. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Walls s 157 . On the Modify | Walls tab.

Walls . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Place an interior wall as shown. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 1. 2. You align the wall in the next steps. The Wall tool is still active. select Basic Wall: Interior .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 3.

Pull the cursor straight up. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. clear Chain. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s On the Options Bar. Click to create a wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The length is not critical. Walls s 159 .4. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. such as location lines.

Select the horizontal wall as shown. This will extend to the border. 4. 2. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the two interior walls in turn. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This will be the border.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the vertical wall as shown. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 6.Walls . The length is not critical. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 3. 5. The walls can cross.

7. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. fillet. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim.rvt. Walls s 161 .

rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 3. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. satisfy different requirements. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 2.Walls . 1. The Modify tool is active by default. Select the Exterior wall as shown. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. click Edit Type.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. and vary in cost.

7. except Core Boundary. When you are finished. To edit the structure of the wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 6. s Click Up. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Insert twice. Every layer of a wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. 5. For Name. 8. s Click Down twice. the wall structure should be as shown. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. has a Function you can edit. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Add two additional layers to the wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall.4. Walls s 163 . Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. click Edit in the Structure value field. Click OK.

11. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Material to Finishes .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Exterior . s Click the icon that appears at the right. select Finishes .Stud Layer. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.Walls . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Material to Wood . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Interior Gypsum Wall Board. which displays plan or section views. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Modify the Function. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 12. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.9. 13. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 10. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Thickness to 5/8". To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. Material.

The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view.14. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. From the Detail level list. 15. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. In the Project Browser. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click Apply to update the view. 17. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. expand the Families branch. select Medium. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 16. Walls s 165 . On the Properties palette. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls.

you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.18. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.Walls . 20. In this exercise. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Close the file without saving. From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure. 19. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Right-click 8" Exterior. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. You opened an existing file.

for example. wood rails. You can define a wall type with these elements.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Stud walls as shown. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Select one of the Exterior .rvt. you create and modify vertically compound walls. such as a weatherproof outside surface. 2. In this exercise. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.Brick on Mtl. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . The model opens in a 3D view. 3. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. a structural mid-section. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. and a decorated interior surface.

1. When you split a layer. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Click Split Region. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the new regions assume the same material as the original.4. 6. If not already expanded. 5. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 7. 8. or you will lose your changes. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. click Edit. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. highlight one of the borders. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. To split a layer or region horizontally. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You can assign different materials to regions. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Wall structures are Type Properties. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box.Walls . 2. either horizontally or vertically. You can set the sample height to any value. in the Structure value field. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You change the type. To define the structure of the wall. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. To split a layer or region vertically. so all instances of this type change. You can split regions into other regions. In this exercise. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. As indicated in the dialog box title. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. into regions.

Click to merge them. Walls s 169 . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Click to split the region into two parts. 2. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click to merge the two layers.Brick layer.3. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. In this case. 4. 1. assign Layer 1. Click Merge Regions. The upper split disappears. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . 3. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Prehighlight a border between regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. After merge. When you merge regions. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.

2. 2. Click Insert. If you set the split offset down from the top. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Click the temporary dimension text. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. indicating that it is modifiable. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. After a region is split. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. The dimension text turns blue. Change the value to 12.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 3. click Modify. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 1. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 1. 3. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. To create a new wall layer. Press ENTER. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. In the Edit dialog box. instead of down. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. to the next parallel line. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Next. Click again to return to the original position. s Select the split line.Walls . You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 4. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure.

you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. All walls of this type have been changed. and Insert Layer tools.4. 10. Click Assign Layers. Split Region. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Click OK. Modify. because it is now the selected layer. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. It immediately highlights in blue. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 5. It also shows a thickness value. 7. Click OK. When a layer is selected in the table. Walls s 171 . Change the Material to Masonry . In this exercise. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 9. Merge Region. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Close the file without saving. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. The preview changes appearance. 6.Brick Soldier Course. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone.Brick Soldier Course layer. 8. it highlights in blue in the preview window. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . as shown.

piping. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.Walls . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. earth. installed. and insulation. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. and protected. ducting.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. Custom types and sizes can also be built. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but also the natural lighting. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the view. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

and to protect property values. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 .

Doors and Windows . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.7 sq. An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. ft. the width can be no less than 20". The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.

how to load additional door and window families. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and furniture are defined in family files. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and math standards. s Copy windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. In this unit. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Components such as doors. s Center a door in a wall.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and copy these elements. windows. move. This lesson relates to science. you learn how to place doors and windows. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Doors and Windows s 187 . and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. engineering. and how to position. Technology.

you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. 2. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. 3. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. click Door. Build panel. When placing doors in a plan view. Add Doors 1. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. or 3D view. In other words. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. This can be done in a plan view.Doors and Windows . The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Once a door is placed. To flip the door. the door swing would be to the left side. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. On the Home tab. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. elevation view.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. To reverse the swing.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.

Load Families 1. The display does not change. except for the Type Selector. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. With the Door command active. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Doors and Windows s 189 . Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. 3. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. on the Modify | Place Door tab. From the Type Selector list. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. click Load Family. Click Open. In order to keep file size small.rfa. Mode panel. and windows into project files. 2. walls. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80".

4. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 5. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. If necessary.Doors and Windows . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

If you place a door in the wrong location. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension.6. Remember. To Doors and Windows s 191 . You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. simply click it and enter the correct value. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. or by using the swing control arrows.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.7.

Open Unit5_doors. or 3D view. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. elevation view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. On the Home tab. Add Windows 1. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Windows have exterior and interior sides. click Window.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. the outside of the window is to the left side. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click Modify and select the window. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Build panel. To face the outside of the window to the other side.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. When placing windows in a plan view. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. 2. approach the wall from the right side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. From the Type Selector. To reverse the window after performing another operation. You can place windows in a plan view.

placed doors. loaded a door family.3. 5. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt. 4. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Window tags do not number in sequence. you opened an existing project. You do not need to add dimensions. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Place seven more windows as shown.Doors and Windows . and placed windows. In this exercise.

Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. you open an existing project file. and so on. 3. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. On the Annotate tab. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. window.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. s Align and modify walls. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. place a door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 4. 1. Dimension panel. wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. and modify the wall. 2. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. click Aligned. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted.

Align Walls 1. The walls are now aligned. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 5. 2. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click the lock icon to enable it. the other wall will remain aligned. This means that if one wall shifts. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the right wall. Notice the symbol. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The door changes location. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click it and it changes as shown. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.Doors and Windows . Select the upper wall first. Click the center of the door.s s s s Click the left wall.

Right-click. 3.4. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 .) The dimension value is now shown. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Clear the EQ Display value. 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Change the dimension to 16. The walls shift and remain aligned. Dimensions display below it. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.

6. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.Doors and Windows . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click.rvt. 7. Click Zoom to Fit. you placed a continuous dimension. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

2. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. On the Modify | Windows tab. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Doors and Windows s 199 . especially if there are many different types. click Create Similar. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned.rvt. Create panel. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. In this exercise. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 4. 1. Select one of the windows located in the east wall.

3. 4. The window is copied.Doors and Windows . The window will change appearance. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Select the window you just placed. On the Modify | Windows tab.Copy Windows 1. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Modify panel. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy.

you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Right-click. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt.5. Click Zoom to Fit. 6.

Doors and Windows . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. cold. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

a. 32" b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. True b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 40" d. s Align a door or window. General Questions 1. s Position a door or window. 32" d. s Place a window. False 2. 34" 4. If a room is used for sleeping. 30" c. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 36" c. s Copy a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. a. Standard b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Place doors. Custom 3. 28" b.

Properties 3. 4. a.Doors and Windows . a. you: a. Select the door. b. To change the location of a door or window. a. False 2. Copy 8. True b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. d. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Door and window tags are placed automatically. 6. A reference plane b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select the door. c. Select the door. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Use door grips to reposition. To center a door or window in a wall. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Click Flip Direction. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Load from Library b. you use ________. Offset c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Clone b. Click Door Properties. True b. you use: a. False 5. Insert d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. b. d. Load c. c. Link c. a. Select the door. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Click Door Properties. Duplicate d. True b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Right-click. The center snap 7.

(Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 4. 3. 5. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. Review stairs and railings. s Create railings. s Modify stair boundaries. 2.

After completing this lesson. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. stair and railing types.Stairs and Railings .

Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology. Technology. engineering. Engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Then. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Once the actual riser height is determined.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing.

and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. such as ice and snow. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.Stairs and Railings . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings .

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum.

Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2".

and stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. or vertical circulation. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . engineering. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. or tread. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. You can define straight runs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). In multistory buildings. U-shaped stairs. ramps. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. This lesson relates to technology. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. s Modify stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. you will be able to: s Create stairs. and math standards. s Add a railing. and spiral stairs. and Language Arts. You create stairs in a plan view. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Engineering.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. L-shaped runs with a landing. which includes elevators. As you move the cursor. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Math (STEM). For safety reasons. s Create U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings .

Stairs and Railings s 217 .change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. 3. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. On the Properties palette. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. This enables you to place the stairs properly.rvt. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. This file is in metric units.

4. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a straight run. Circulation panel. On the Home tab. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. click Stairs. Run is preselected. Click OK to close the dialog box. In this case. 5. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. These tools are used to define your stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).Stairs and Railings . The cursor changes to a crosshairs.

and then click to define the run of stairs. On the Mode panel.6. You can continue to move the cursor up. 9. 10. select Finish (green check). As you move the cursor up. 8. To change the run dimension. You can also enter a distance of 4400. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Select this intersection point to start your run. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 7. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. the run footprint stops expanding. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. If you have not fully created the run.

and switched to a 3D view. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. 13. 12. you created and placed a straight run stair. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. click application menu > Save As > Project.Stairs and Railings . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. To avoid overwriting the original file. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .11.rvt. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.

This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. On the Modify tab. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. click Align.rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Activate view Floor Plans. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Level 1. 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Stairs and Railings s 221 . You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Edit panel. The stair is not centered on the landing.

5. The Align command remains active. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. select Wall centerlines.Stairs and Railings . Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Click the center of the wall first. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . If you have a scroll mouse. On the Options Bar. Click the center of the stairs.4. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. which is located at the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can rotate your model to get a better view. from the Prefer list. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.

railings were created with the stairs. 9. Graphics. On the Properties palette. 8. enter Lobby Stairs. Change Width to 1350. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. s Click Duplicate. s For Name. Hover the cursor over the railing. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . and Dimensions subsections. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view.6. click Edit Type. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. As you prehighlight them. 7. s Click OK. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. expand Sections (Building Section). The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread.

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Lobby Stair View. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Cherry s s Click Modify. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Stairs and Railings . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.10.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Select both railings.

expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Next. Mode panel. Delete this line. Click it to select it.12. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 14. Stairs and Railings s 225 . The stair changes to the run sketch. The railings change. s Select the stairs (not a railing). 13. In the Type Selector. s Zoom in on the stairs. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. click Edit Sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top.

click the left end of the top riser. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 19. Click Modify. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.15. On the Draw panel. Click to place the arc. 17. 18. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. click Boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 16. To place the second arc endpoint. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.Stairs and Railings . s On the Modify panel.

Click to exit the Mirror command. Next. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the right boundary. the arc center point. 20. click Riser.21. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Click CenterEnds-Arc. The left boundary will be mirrored. Stairs and Railings s 227 . On the Draw panel. First. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. For the third point. This will define a rounded first step.

you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise. You also modified the properties of a railing.22. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.Stairs and Railings . 23. On the Mode panel. click Finish. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results.

use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you need to define a path for the railing. you sketch the plan view path. Zoom into the landing area as shown. In this case.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. This is typically done in plan view.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Click Modify. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. For simple railings. The completed exercise To create a railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. 3. Select the right side railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. 2. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Therefore.

The dimensions are shown as a guide. To set the exact distance. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.Stairs and Railings . enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. select Chain. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Then. 7. edit the temporary dimension. on the Modify | Railings tab. Once the railing is selected. s s On the Options Bar. 5. On the Draw panel. You do not need to add dimensions. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. click Edit Path. 6. click Line. Mode panel.4. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. In this exercise.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Delete your lines and try again. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 9. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 8. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing.

you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. you create a reference plane. Work Plane panel. In a floor plan view. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Options Bar.rvt from the previous exercise. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. In this exercise. s On the Home tab.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 2. the stairs appear as a U-shape.Stairs and Railings . Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Create a Reference Plane 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment.

Click OK. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. click Stairs. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. For Name. Click OK twice. 5. 6. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Pull the cursor straight up. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Matte 2. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Gray. To start sketching the run. Circulation panel. 3.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. enter Exit Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. On the Properties palette. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click Edit Type. 4. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Stairs and Railings s 233 .

with none remaining to be created. Press ENTER. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Click to finish the stair run. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .7. Click to place the first run. 9. enter 1925.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer to the right. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 8.

On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click Finish Stairs. If you get an error message. Remove the additional lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 .10. To remove the lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Use Hide/Isolate 1. 11. you select Continue to return the sketch. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. 2. On the View Control bar. it is because you have overlapping lines. On the Stairs panel. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs. but they are hidden behind walls. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element.

and to create a U-shaped stair. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. On the Properties palette. 2.rvt. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 4. The exterior walls reappear.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Finally. Reset the Display 1. The walls are now hidden. Zoom in to see your stairs. 6. Select the stairs so they highlight. you learned to create a reference plane. 3. 5. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. On the View Control Bar. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. This is a multistory stair.3.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. ramps.

and deliver riders without wait time. Include landings as required by your local building code. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. They cost less. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . smoke guards. but they can also be highly decorative.Stairs and Railings . this openness makes them fire hazards.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today.

a. 90 degrees d. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. a. General Questions 1. s Modify stair boundaries. False 2. 40" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. 30" b. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. you learned to: s Create stairs. s Create railings. 36" d. 32" c. and all treads should be the same run. 180 degrees 3. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 25 degrees b. True b. a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. b. 45 degrees c.

Manage d. a. Arc d. To create railings on stairs without railings. riser d. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. True b. a. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. Line b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. riser lines c.Stairs and Railings . Align Railing d. Boundary lines. Insert 2. Fasten Railing 5. you use the _______ option. Treads. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Home b. Circle 4. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. risers 3. Modify c. that is. False 6. Pick New Host b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. risers b. Attach Railing c. Run. risers and treads. True b. a. Rectangle c. Railings.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Review of roof types. (Student) 5. s Place fascia. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 3. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 7. s Place gutters. (Student) 8. (Student) 6.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 4. s Define a roof structure. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.

you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.Roofs . roof types. It addresses roof construction. Calculate the rise. and downspouts. run. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. tiles. and pitch of a sloped roof. gutters. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. After completing this lesson. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Identify the different roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. About Roofs s 243 . engineering. and math standards. s Rake: The inclined. and Language Arts. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. technology. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

texture. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. About Roofs s 245 . resulting in at least one textured face. maintenance. the roofing pattern. fire-resistant. and low maintenance roofing material. and colors. maintenance. and color. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. rot. texture. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. snow. These are used more often on upscale homes. You can use them for many different applications. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and sunlight. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. are designed for shedding water and snow. brands. durability. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. the roofing pattern. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and sun. both low and steep. They come in several types. and if visible. and if visible. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. as well as how effective a shelter it is. resistance to wind and fire. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. durability. Sloped roofs. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. resistance to wind and fire. and color.

fiberglass.Roofs . Unfortunately. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. This same roof on a clear. treatment for insects. galvanized steel. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. zinc alloy. galvanized steel. special characteristics (for example. consider such factors as cost. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. Therefore. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. and so forth). or corrugated structural glass. quality. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. They are fire-resistant. reinforced plastic. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. and insulating capability (R-value). the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. When choosing the insulation for your job. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. durable. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. odor. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. and require little maintenance. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The slope usually leads to interior drains.

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . A number indicates the value of the rise. run. but the two sides are not symmetrical. The run value is typically equal to 12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. where as. and span. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.

Roofs . 7-12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. try to specify standard roof pitch. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. and pitch is noted as a fraction. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 on 12.When designing a roof. 7 and 12.

You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Place gutters. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. you can add gutters. dormers. s Create a hip roof. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. or ice. Roofs s 255 . or roof overhangs. Once you create a roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. water. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. that convey rainwater to drains. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or eaves. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Assign roof structure and materials. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Create various roof types. s Create a roof fascia. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you work with massing shapes and not building components. often supporting a gutter. and fascia. To create a roof by face.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. snow. soffits. All roofs have to be impervious to wind.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM).Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards.Roofs . Engineering. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering.

The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 3. select the Name option. In the Work Plane dialog box. 2.rvt. the top of the roof profile is sketched. To create an extruded roof. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Open ADA_Roofs. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Click OK to continue. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. you create an extruded roof.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 4. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . and then extruded by applying a thickness value..

Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. On the Work Plane panel. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Section: Section 1. click Line. The section view should display as shown. 2. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 3. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". In the Place Reference Plane context tab.5. Draw panel. 4. s Use the image below for guidance. click Ref Plane. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. 6. Click Open View. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Before sketching the roof's profile. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Go To View dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.Roofs .

6. Roofs s 259 . Using the image below for guidance. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value. 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click Modify.

Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 7. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 3.Roofs . you can label them. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 2. On the Mode panel. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. click Chain. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. enter Horizontal. On the Properties palette. The name displays when you select the reference plane. s On the Options Bar. Click Modify. 6. click Finish (green check). 1. 5. Right-click.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click OK. for Name. click Line.

Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9.12" type.8. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.

Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. This is a two-step process. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 3. carefully select the far right roof edge. 1.Roofs . Edit Geometry panel. Using the images for guidance. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. On the Modify tab.

open the view Sections: Section 1. However. Trim Walls 1. Select both walls. On the Options Bar. select Attach Wall: Top. 2. On the Modify Wall panel. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. To select both walls together.4. In the Project Browser. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select the roof. 3. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . the vertical walls extrude through the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base.

The roof now looks correct. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.4. 5. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.Roofs .

In this exercise. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 1. From the drop-down list. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. by Footprint. On the Home tab. Because you are in a 3D view. so you look straight down as in a plan. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Unit7_first_roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2.rvt. from existing walls. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . 4. a dialog box is displayed. select Garage Roof. Build panel. Click Yes. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view.

5. 7. click Pick Walls. 8. click Defines Slope. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Use the image below for guidance. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. s On Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.Roofs . clear the Defines slope option. 6. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. If you place a line on the wrong side. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select the vertical wall on the left. Next.0". This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.

To complete the roof. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. change the value to 6"/12". Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. By default. Select the left slope defining line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 2. Change this value to 6"/12". Other controls also display. click Finish. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Roofs s 267 . roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 1. defining lines separately. click Yes. 3. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. The new roof displays. It becomes an editable field. That value displays next to the slope arrow. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Select the right side roof line. Click the 9"/12" text. Click Modify.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.Roofs . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 5.rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.4. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.

Roofs s 269 .Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. When all of the walls prehighlight. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.rvt. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. click to select them. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 4. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. 2. Build panel. To chain-select all of the walls. Clear Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. On Home tab. The file opens to a 3D view. 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". you create a gable roof using a footprint. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.

you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the image for guidance.Roofs . As an alternate. 2. On the Draw panel. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. On the Options Bar. 4. Right-click. 3. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Zoom into the chimney area.Create a Roof Opening 1. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. click Rectangle.

6. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes. Select the uppermost. 2. 3. horizontal line.Add Slope Lines 1. The slope indicator displays. 4. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Click Finish. On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. select Defines Slope. As in the previous exercise. Roofs s 271 . Select the left lower horizontal line. 5. select the Defines Slope. Click Modify.

and chimney penetration. In this exercise.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.7. 8. attached walls. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.

Zoom into the area shown. set Overhang to 2' . The completed exercise On the Home tab. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Create the Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. 4. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 273 . you create a hip roof. 5.0". Select Defines Slope. Select the three walls shown in the image. Build panel.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.rvt. 3.

3. In addition. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Raise the Roof 1. 6. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. On the Properties palette. Click Finish to complete the roof.Roofs .7. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Switch to a 3D View. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. you use the Line tool. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s On the Draw panel. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. click Line. Right-click the ViewCube. Click OK. To close the roof sketch. 2.0".

Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

and then joined it to a wall. In this exercise.rvt.Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

rvt. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 3. 5. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. 7. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 4. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Create a Shed Roof 1. 2. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. click Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 6. Roofs s 277 . click Line.

On the Properties palette. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Click Modify. Right-click the line. 10. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 11.8. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 9. 12. Select the lower. 13. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Set the Slope to 6" / 12".Roofs .

Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 15. Finish the Roof.rvt. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 17. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 18. Roofs s 279 .14. click Yes. 16. Click OK. Switch to a 3D view. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. In this exercise.

The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 4. select Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise.Roofs . Cutoff Level list. 3. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.rvt. Open the Default 3D view. The roof updates. On the Properties palette. Select the Roof. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. On the menu bar. 2. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Activate the view North Elevation. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. You see four levels defined in the model. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.

9.rvt. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 13. To set the slope for the new roof. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Home tab. In this exercise. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 281 . set the slope value to 3"/12". click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Zoom and spin to see your model. on the Properties palette. select Defines Slope. Finish the Roof. 12. 7. 11. click Pick Lines. On the Draw panel.6. 10. 8. Switch to a 3D View. Select the inner rectangle as shown.

1. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 3. The file should open to a 3D view. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 2.Roofs . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Select the main roof over the house.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. In the Type Selector. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .rvt. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. thereby reducing energy consumption.

It is a generic roof type. 2. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Name. Roofs s 283 . 5. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Select the roof over the garage. For Structure Value. enter Clay Tile. s Click OK. Select Layer 2 as shown. 4. click Edit Type. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.Define a Roof Structure 1. click Edit. 3. Click Insert to add a layer. click Duplicate.

s Click OK. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.Roofs . s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".s s s In the Materials dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Click OK twice. 7. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. In this exercise. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 8. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 6. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Model.

A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.rvt. 4. Roofs s 285 . In this exercise. or for decoration. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. In the Open dialog box.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Click Open. On the Insert tab. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. click Roof > Fascia. to support a gutter. On the Home tab. 2.rfa. 3.

Paint Finish Ivory. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click Duplicate.Roofs . Matte.5. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click OK. For Name. click Edit Type. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. for Profile. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Set the Material value to Metal . 6. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 . Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt. 9. you defined and applied a roof fascia.8. In this exercise.

select Gutter . 5. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise 4.rvt. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK. 2. click Roof > Gutter.Bevel: 5" x 5".Roofs . Under Material parameter. s Click Duplicate. select Metal Aluminum. 6. under Profile parameter.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 1. For Name. you add gutters to a building. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. In the Type Properties dialog box. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 3. Place Gutters In this exercise. Click OK. click Edit Type. On the Home tab. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces.7. 11. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 9. 8. If you click the interior face. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. In this exercise. 10. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Roofs s 289 . you attached gutters to a roof. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.rvt. Segments will clean up at corners. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . heat. and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. water.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs .

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m. s Using your own house.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.Roofs . True b. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Low b. s Define a roof structure. Gambrel d. False 2. High d. True b. s Place fascia. a. General Questions 1. Shed 4. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Gable b. the run is always 12. a. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place gutters. When referring to roof slope. None of the above 3. Medium c. Hip c.

Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. False Summary/Questions s 293 . False 7. a. profile. Change the direction of the slope. Footprint b. extrusion. ______ or _______. False 5. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. extrusion. you use: a. 10. c. To add a slope to a roofline. a. TAB b. A compound roof contains layers. Roofs can be created using ______. True b. Sketch c. pick d. Create an opening. Turn slopes on or off. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Expand/Contract 6. Create Slope d. a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Footprint. Walls. place a check mark next to: a. Footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Change the direction of the roof. b. Trim/Extend b. a. Face 3. True b. True b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. d. ENTER 4. Material 8. DEL d. a. Defines Slope c. a. profile 2. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Activate Slope 9. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. sketch. Walls d. lines c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Footprint b. Sketch. SHIFT c. Slope c. Cut/Lengthen c. face b. Add Slope b. Extrusion d.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Lesson Plan 1. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.

you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. cabinetry. In a commercial structure. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and tool racks.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. floor. In a residential building. bathrooms. and special equipment. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. the kitchen. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Sections are used to examine the roof. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. After completing this lesson. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. the location of special equipment. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Technology. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. technology.

Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and foundation plans. across its narrower dimension.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. and are properly cross-referenced.Sections and Elevations . 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. t Cross or transverse sections. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. framing. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. on the long axis of the building.

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. and steel. partial. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary. full. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. such as framing connections and foundation details.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s The position relationship between different elements. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. such as doors and windows.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. For larger elevations.

For a wood structure. people. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. however. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Therefore. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. East." Mfr. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. With interior elevations. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. For siding. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. cars. the titles assigned (North. this is reversed. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Unnecessary Information Shades. You may. and so forth. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . followed by any additional information about spacing. bushes. For example. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. quantity. South. or methods of installation. shadows. and then the name of the material.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. The size of the object is listed first.

coving. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. which is a formed pressboard. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. other openings. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Hinges are concealed. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. shelf arrangements. wood. and materials used. casements. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. It may have curves. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. This is usually done using a topset. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. windows. tile. It can also be used around doorways and windows. or a baseboard. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. doors and direction of door swings. or MDF. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. chamfers. dishwashers. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and lip. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Molding is usually made of plaster. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. and special equipment such as toilets. and types of finish materials used. doors. and other appliances. or decorative patterns. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets.Sections and Elevations . or linoleum) and the wall.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". The trim is usually glued into place. This is more costly than regular overlay. Molding is normally decorative in nature. flush overlay.

Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Create an interior elevation. which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Place a section view on a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Change the section head. and a section symbol on all plans. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.

Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and Language Arts. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. A section is a horizontal view. and math standards.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified.Sections and Elevations . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Once created. technology. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. like an elevation. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

or other section view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.Sections and Elevations .

which is spoken as 2 in 12. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add structural details. such as anchor bolts and siding. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Add detail notes. In the example shown. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Details are crucial for effective construction. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Once you create the detail section. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. The slope is the ratio rise:run. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. So. s Add breaklines as needed. In a set of construction documents. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Slope is also referred to as pitch.

310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations .

click Section. The completed exercise 6. The file opens to a 3D view. Create panel. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Create a Section View 1. 2.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 311 .rvt. 3. 4. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The Section command is available from the View tab. Open the file ADA_Sections. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. On the View tab.

The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. With the section line selected. On the Properties palette. This is called the crop region. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The actual location is not critical. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.Sections and Elevations . and it has control grips to resize it. 3. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Section Properties 1. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. 2. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing.

The section view updates. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue).rvt. you automatically created a section view. 7. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The view is listed in your Project Browser. Clear Crop Region Visible. 5. 6. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.4. In this exercise. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. When you drew the section line. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In the Properties palette.

Sections and Elevations . On the Insert tab. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. 2. click Duplicate. For Name. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Several section head families are available. Section Head . 6. They include Section Head .No Arrow. enter Open Arrow. 7.rfa. Select Section Head-Open. On the Manage tab. Load from Library panel.rvt. Click OK.Filled.1 point Filled. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 3. Click Open to load the family.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. The view does not change. and Section Head . Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Settings panel. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Load Family. 4. In this exercise. 5.

In the Section Tag field. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 13. 9. Click Duplicate. 14. 12.8. 11. select Section Head . Select the section line. click Edit Type. select Open Arrow.rvt. 10. Save as Unit8_section_open. For Section Head. Click OK. On the Properties palette. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.Open. For Name. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. The section head updates to the new head type. Sections and Elevations s 315 . enter Open Arrow.

Create panel. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". On the Options Bar. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Use the image below for guidance. 3.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 5.rvt. To reposition the callout head. On the View tab. select the border of the callout. 6. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. This is a building section. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 4. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. click Callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.Sections and Elevations . 2.

You can add detail lines. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Line is selected automatically. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Annotate tab. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Sections and Elevations s 317 . You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Options Bar. region patterns. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Properties palette. 3. select Chain. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. click Region > Filled Region. detail components.rvt. On the Draw panel. but not strongly. 2. 8.7. Detail panel. as shown. 4. 1.

Click Modify. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. enter Earth. 7.Sections and Elevations . Select the upper and right side lines. For Name. On the Properties palette. Click OK.5. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 6. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

rfa. 2. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. Detail panel. Click Open. 1.Section. 9. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. select Finish (green check). Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK.8. 3. the pattern becomes visible. click Load Family. On the Annotate tab. click Component > Detail Component. If you zoom in closer. From the Fill Pattern list. On the Place Detail Component tab. On the Mode panel.

You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.Sections and Elevations . Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. From the Type Selector. Click OK. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.4. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. In the Specify Types dialog box. 5. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Add another Detail Component. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Using the image below for guidance. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector. 7. From the Type Selector list.6. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. select Plywood.

Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Use the image below for guidance. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. This component represents the subflooring. set the Thickness to 3/4". 12. From the Type Selector. select anchor bolt. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Component > Detail Component.9. Select the vertical plywood. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 11. 10. Place the component similarly to the image below.

Use the image below for guidance. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Add another Detail Component. Click Modify. On the Options Bar. 14. select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. select Copy. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Multiple. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.13.

Start at the end of the siding.Sections and Elevations . From the Line Style Selector.15. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Wide Lines. 16. Detail panel. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Save the file. Add Detail Lines 1. click Detail Line. 2. On the Annotate tab. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.

4. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Still using Wide Lines. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.3. 5. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

Detail panel. 8. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 9.6. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Save the file. Next. 7. identified as Wall material 1. Right-click. On the Annotate tab. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Add Insulation 1. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the wall so it highlights. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 2. The wall display updates. select the Material field in row 3. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . 10. click Insulation.

select Break Line. 1. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. Sections and Elevations s 327 . click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. From the Type Selector.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Your view should resemble the image shown.

Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 6.4. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. In this exercise. The view should resemble the image shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 7. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. You place another breakline. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the breakline as shown. Save the file. To complete the detail. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. detail lines. and detail components to it. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 5.

Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. To add notes. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. 2. 1. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. 3. quantity. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.rvt. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The size of the object is listed first. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. or methods of installation. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. weatherproofing. and ventilation methods in construction documents. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). s Clear Annotation Crop.

330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 8. leader arrow as shown. 12.4" WEATHERING. 5. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. From the Type list. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 9. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.Sections and Elevations . As you pull your cursor to the right.4. On the Format panel. On the Annotate tab. 6. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. click Two Segments. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. R13. insulation. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Move the pointer up 11. click Text. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Finally. 10. 7. Text panel.

Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 ..C. 15. Start the next text at the baseboard. 18. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. CONT is short for Continuous. 16.13. O. 17. Start the next text at the floorboard. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. or wood treated with preservative against rot.. 19. 20. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.TYPE X. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. as the second line of text. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 14. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.C.C. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. .C. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together.

In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . Click ENTER to start a second line. Click Modify.rvt. 22. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Zoom to Fit. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 21. 23.

Click Open.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 2. click Load. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you will want to add the views to a sheet. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. or elevation view. Highlight your title block. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt. Locate the A-Landscape. In this exercise. and locate the detail view on it. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. The new sheet becomes the current view. section. Click New Sheet. 5. highlight Sheets. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 6. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. In the Project Browser. Right-click. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail.

Sections and Elevations . Select a Level Line. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. In the Project Browser. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Hide Crop Region. 9. Both Level ends will move together. Click the control at its left end. On the View Control Bar. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown.7. click Show Crop Region. close to the crop border. Drag it to the right. 8. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

In the Project Browser. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. 11. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Sections and Elevations s 335 . 12.rvt. Click OK. Click Rename. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter S. highlight the new sheet.10. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. For Number. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.301. For Name. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. 13. In this exercise.

3. When you create a project with a template. 2. four elevation views are included: north. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. s Add material notes. s Add any necessary dimensions. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.Sections and Elevations . The elevation markers are now visible. and west. 6. 5. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add slope indication for roof. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Right-click. east. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 2. Open ADA_Elevations. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Click OK. It is defined by the green dotted line. south. Click the Annotations tab. s Set the display for building components as needed. Select Elevations. 4. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.

5. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 4. On the Annotations tab. Switch to an Elevation View 1. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. clear Sections. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. 3. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Modelling tab. Next. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Sections and Elevations s 337 . clear Planting.2. On the View Control Bar.

Select Sand. Select the wall. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes.7. 13. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 11. 12. 9. In Surface Pattern. select Edit in the Structure field. modified its display. Click the button that displays to select a material. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 8. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. It will be identified as Condo .Exterior Stucco. you activated an elevation view. Click Zoom to Fit. In the Type Properties dialog box. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and modified the wall display characteristics. click to open the list.rvt. In this exercise. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . Select the Material field for Layer 1. click Edit Type. 10.

The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the stone wall. Sections and Elevations s 339 . The size of the object is listed first. Add a note for the foundation. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 5. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 3. In the Type Selector. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. or methods of installation. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.rvt. Enter TX. quantity. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Set the Leader type to One Segment. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 4.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. 2. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify.

7. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the exterior stucco. In this exercise.rvt. 8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9.6. Add a note for the roof. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations . 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

from the Slope Representation list. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Dimension panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 5. On the Annotate tab. 4. click Spot Slope. Click again to locate the slope indicator. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles.rvt. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. For Offset from Reference. 6. 2. On the Options Bar. enter 1/8". Click to select the roof line. select Triangle. 3.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 1. Sections and Elevations s 341 .

342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to locate the slope indicator.7. Click to select the roof line. Dimension panel. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 11. 10. Click Modify. click Aligned.

Sections and Elevations s 343 . Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. The west elevation now contains material notes. leaders. slope indicators.12. select wall breaks and levels. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. To create a continuous dimension as shown. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.rvt. and vertical dimensions. 13. and dimensions for clarity. 14. In this exercise.

special closets. Right-click. dimensions. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. In the Project Browser. Click Find Referring Views. In this exercise. This view was already defined in the drawing. equipment rooms. and cabinetry.rvt. 2. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Click Open View.Sections and Elevations . 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. kitchens. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Highlight the view. 3.

The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 7. 5. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. In the Name box. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Select Suppress 0 Feet. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Right-click. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. On the Annotate tab. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. click Aligned. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Clear Use Project Settings. 6. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. s s s s Click Duplicate. click OK.4. Dimension panel.

You modified a dimension style.Sections and Elevations .rvt. In this exercise.9. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Using the Text and Dimension tools. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail the interior section. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.

it depends. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Walls c. Not in Concrete b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations. The direction the structure is facing. All of the above 5. is always the true orientation.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Not in Contract c. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Create filled regions. General Questions 1. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. such as north. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Show the relationships between elements. s Create a section view. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Either one. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Cabinetry d. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. c. The direction the viewer is facing. The orientation of the exterior elevation. a. b. Nobody in Charge d. All of the above. s Create material annotations. 2. True b. c. b. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. False 3. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. 4. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. d.

The dotted line indicates: a. Right-click. c. On the View tab. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. North 3. but not a 6. Click Add View. Element properties c. d. East b. False 5. South d. The height of the view. click Sheet Composition > View. False 2. 4. b and c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. True b. b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. True b. a. b. The detail level of the view. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. d. The Visual Style of the view.Sections and Elevations . c. West c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Sun and Shadow b. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Which elevation is it? a. The boundaries of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. you use: a.

4. 6. Review Schedules. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. 2. 3. s Load a schedule tag. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. Lesson Plan 1.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

about the building objects in your architectural plan. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. height. and thickness. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Schedules s 351 . Engineering. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Technology. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. such as reference number. width. and math standards. engineering. Some of these building objects include.

s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. depending on the style of the architectural firm. However. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. There are different types of schedule tables. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.Schedules . the same primary information is included. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. Instance.

About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Other letters are P for plumbing. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. E for electrical. hexagon. Using the software. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.Schedules . However.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and A for appliances. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. The following image shows door. Like schedules. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. A circle.

equipment. s Export a schedule. and you can create your own schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. rooms. Schedules list items such as doors. s Add room tags. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. hardware. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Engineering. s Create a room schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. technology. windows. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Math (STEM). materials. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Project templates include preset schedules. Schedules s 355 . you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. engineering.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts.

you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. 2.Schedules . Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.

select Comments. Add Count. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. On the View tab. 3. and Width. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule.s Window Tag 5. Click Add. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Continue to add fields to the schedule. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Select Windows from the list. In Available Fields. 4. Schedules s 357 . Level. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Type Mark. Height. 6. 7.

A view opens with the schedule you just defined.Schedules . Click OK to finish the schedule. Select the fields. 9. from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.8.

1.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. but without any useful calculations yet. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark. Schedules s 359 . Select Blank Line. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 2. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.

Schedules . The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. In order to calculate the total number of windows. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 3. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the Properties palette. 4. Notice how the schedule has changed. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In the Project Browser. in the Then By sorting field. you can have the schedule report this. in this case). clear Itemize Every Instance. select Level. 2.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. for Sorting/ Grouping. 1. click Edit. click the schedule name. Rather than make a manual calculation. In the lower left corner of the dialog box.

In this exercise. for Sorting/ Grouping. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. From the list. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Count. and Totals. s Set the schedule to display category totals. select Title. Schedules s 361 . 6. The totals for each window type now display. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit 7. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.rvt.5. select Footer. On the Properties palette.

Click Open. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. 5.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Locate the file named Room Tag. Room size. 2. occupancy.rvt. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. ceiling type. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. click Room > Room. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Schedules . floor type. based on the amount of space in each room. 3. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. In this exercise. On the Home tab. click Overwrite the Existing Version. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Room & Area panel. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 4. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.

6. and in the hall as shown.In the Type Selector. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. On the Home tab. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Room & Area panel. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 8. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. click Room > Room Separation Line. a total of 7. Schedules s 363 . Click Modify to terminate the placement. 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.

Select Room #2. An edit box activates.9. 10. The area value for Room 7 updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 13. s Click the Room text. 11. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. s Change the word Room to Manager. click Room. The room tag updates. 12. On the Room & Area panel. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The cursor changes to sketch mode. Click Modify. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.Schedules . Place a room tag below the room separation line.

rvt.14. In this exercise. for Name. On the Properties palette. s Changed room tag field values. s Tagged various objects. s Added a room separation. enter Sales. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. 15. Schedules s 365 . Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag.

2. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. In the Available Fields pane. 3. select Number. Set the Sort By value to Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. Create panel. For Name. Click Add--> after each selection. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.rvt. The completed exercise 5.Schedules . The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Create a Room Schedule 1. On the View tab. 6. 4. Name. enter Square Footage Report. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. and Area to be included in your schedule.

Schedules s 367 . Change the Heading to No.7. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right. clear Use Project Settings. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. 10. Highlight the Number field. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Set Units to Square Feet. Click OK. Highlight the Area field. Select Grand Totals. Click the Formatting tab. 8. Select Title and Totals from the list. In the Format dialog box. s Select Calculate Totals. s Click Field Format. 9.

Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.rvt.Schedules . In this exercise. 12. s Totaled one of the columns.11. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. you: s Created a room schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

rvt. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 3. 2. Click OK.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 5. you export the room schedule to a text file. Browse to a directory to save your report. 6. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 4. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Note the formatting that has been applied. Schedules s 369 . You can save the data in a delimited text (*. On the application menu. The file is created. locate the file you created. Using your Windows Explorer. Double-click it to open it. You can then use this file in other applications. Click Save. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report.txt) file. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.

7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 8. Close the text file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. In this exercise.

s Load a schedule tag. a. s Export a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. 2. True b. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. True b. d. a. s Place a schedule tag. What is a schedule table? a. Matrix d. A list of sheets used in a project. False Summary/Questions s 371 . c. b. False 4. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Instance 3. A list of information that defines specific building objects. None of the above. Quantity c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Questions 1. Type b. s Reformat a schedule.

a. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . CSV d. XLS c. Modify 2. View tab c. Manage tab 3. a. use the ____ .Schedules . Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Annotate tab b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu d. To export a schedule. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Home d. View c. Annotate b. TXT b.

Review Visualization.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Evaluate Students.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 3. 5. Lesson Plan 1. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.

s Export a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. s Place a camera. s Export an FBX file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Orient walls and windows. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Finally. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Assign materials. After completing this lesson. s Add planting components. Engineering. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Create a raytrace rendering. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Technology. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Visualization . To review the list of standards for each lesson. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you create a walkthrough. s Export a DWG file. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Apply shading to a view. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. or camera on a path.

The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Click Zoom to Fit. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. s Make a camera view the active view. Assign materials. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You worked on animations. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. To prepare your model for rendering. courseware datasets. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Unit2_custom_family. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. s s 2. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1.rvt. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design.

Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Select one of the exterior walls. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select any exterior wall. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. The wall display updates. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Right-click. If you do not see any change in the wall display. The walls now display layers of materials. 6. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. Stud. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 5.3. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.Visualization .

Select Site: Grass. you can: s s s 9. Click OK. Select the toposurface object. Repeat the process for the windows. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. In addition to using the control arrows. On the Properties palette. Right-click. Select walls. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.7. Visualization s 377 . select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 8. Open the Default 3D view. 10. Click Change wall's orientation.

The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.Visualization . On the application menu. for Files of type. click Export > FBX. select Autodesk (*. 12. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. Depending on your system resources. click Import > Import. Click OK in any notices and warnings.11. 2.rvt. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. and click Open. 3. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Select the file name. Open 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. Select the Roof. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. This will filter the file list.FBX). you have completed this exercise. Save the file as Unit10_Export. On the application menu. In the Select File to Import dialog box.

Note the file location. If necessary. There is no way to update it from Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Export the Model to DWG 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Next. Visualization s 379 . The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. On the application menu. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 2. open Unit10_Export. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. 3. Open or return to Revit. Close the file without saving. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design.4. you have completed this exercise.rvt. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Depending on your system resources.

On the application menu. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click File. In the File Link Manager . Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 7. open Unit10_Export. Select the file name. Open 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. Select two windows as shown. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. click References > File Link Manager.rvt. 8. click Attach This File.max. 9. 6. 5. If necessary. Click Open. Close the File Link Manager. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .4.Visualization . Open Floor Plan view Level 1.

12. 11.10. Open the 3D view. Save the file. Visualization s 381 . The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. In the dialog box. Save the export file using the same name as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". On the application menu. 13.

Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Close the File Link Manager. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Click Reload. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.Visualization . s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design.14. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Oriented walls and windows. Open the Files tab. 15. The linked file updates. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition. The windows have changed. In this exercise.

Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. you place a camera in a model. In this exercise. On the View tab. and create a second rendering. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. add plantings to the model. Place a Camera 1. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. change materials. Create panel. as shown.rvt. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Open Unit10_Export. click Camera. generate a rendering. 2. If you place the camera too close to the model. Open the Site view. 3. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.

s s s s Open a floor plan view. 5. Open the Site view again. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select Very Few Clouds. If necessary. 2. click Show Rendering Dialog. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. The camera will be visible. Right-click. The camera perspective view opens. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Click Show Camera. 6. On the View Control Bar. 7. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Return to the perspective view. Render Setup 1.4.Visualization .

3. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Click Render. Click Render. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Visualization s 385 . Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open the Site view. On the Massing & Site tab. Enhance the Model 1. Open view 3D View 1. Accept the default settings for Quality.3. 2.30' approximately as shown. click Site Component. and Lighting. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Model Site panel. Output Settings.

The model displays in the view. Change Materials 1. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box. 6.Wood Shake. click Save to Project. click Show the Model. 5. and you can now select elements for editing. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Roofing . 3. click Edit Type. 2. In the Materials list.4. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. In the Save to Project dialog box. Select the roof. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Rendering dialog box. 5. On the Properties palette. Revit places the image in its own view.Visualization . On the Properties palette. click OK. Select an exterior wall. 4.

Click the Render Appearance tab. 7.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Edit in the Structure field. 9. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry .10. 8.

15. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. In this exercise. s Generated and captured a render image. 14. The new image is placed in its own view.Brick Uniform Running Brown. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 12. s Created a raytrace setup. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . s Placed site planting components in the model. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK.11. 13. In the Rendering dialog box.rvt. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a second render image. These images are now available as options to present to a client. click Save to Project. Select Masonry . s Edited materials in model components. 16.

4. s View the animation in a media player. Open floor plan view Level 1. or walkthroughs. 2. rendered. Each view. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Right-click. click 3d View > Walkthrough. or frame. and exported individually. The cursor changes to a crosshair. To place a key frame. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s On the View tab. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Visualization s 389 . in a project model.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open Unit10_render. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame.rvt. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click again. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Edit the camera and path. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Create panel. 3. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. click to the left of the model as shown. The camera and path can be edited.

6. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Repeat for all the key frames. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 11. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Edit Walkthrough. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. so that the camera is pointing at the model. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 8.Visualization . 10.5. The camera is located on the final key frame. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Drag it to the left. 7. click Finish Walkthrough. The Options Bar changes. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 9. Walkthrough panel. Select the direction control for the camera.

click Next Key Frame. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 13. Visualization s 391 . The path displays control dots at key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Check the view in several key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Click Edit Walkthrough. From the Controls list. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 3. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. If camera positions distort. select Path. 2.12. Click Open.

2. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. On the application menu. notice where you save the file. Click OK. select a video compression method to hold down file size. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click Play. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 3. Revit generates the external AVI file. Click Save. click OK. 4.Visualization . In the Length/Format dialog box.rvt. Export the Walkthrough 1. 2. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . File Name.

You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. 6. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly.5. such as shaded or rendering. Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. It plays in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Visualization s 393 .

s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path.Visualization . s Played the animation file in a media player. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.7. save the Revit Architecture file. In this exercise. If you have made changes to the building model.

s Orient walls and windows. Align c. True b. False 2. True b. Print to File b. s Add planting components. s Apply shading to a view. Save As > FBX c. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. a. s Export a walkthrough. you use: a. Flip Orientation d. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Export > FBX 3. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. View > Shading d. s Play a walkthrough. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Export an FBX file. s Place a camera. Split b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. False Summary/Questions s 395 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. Questions 1. a. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Assign materials. True b. s Export a DWG file. Demolish 2. you use: a.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beams and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. beam systems. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. Review structural columns. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. In the following exercises. you learn how to place structural columns. 4. beams. and braces. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 6. foundations.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components.

Structural .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and other structural elements will be located in a building. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural . walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Knowing where structural members. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.

you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Structural s 401 .Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Engineering. and Language Arts. Technology. Place columns and beams on grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Create column grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place beam systems and braces. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

wood. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. spans without walls. 2.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.Hide Category. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. They come in types defined by size and shape. In this exercise. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Open Deck Framing. 3. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.Structural .rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. or concrete. Structural columns can be steel. often mainly glass. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. In residential construction. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. or reinforced concrete. As with columns. On the View Control Bar. this is known as post and beam construction. click Column > Structural Column. Select a floor. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. On the Build panel of the Home tab. 1. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. beams can be steel. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. wood. Beams connect columns or walls.

7. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 3A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 5. On the View Control Bar. 6. 8. click Depth. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Structural s 403 . select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. and 4B. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. On the Options Bar. In the Type Selector.4. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8".

Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Structural . In the Project Browser. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 2.9. double-click view Framing Cutaway. rail. Click Hide In View > Element. Click OK. and columns clearly. Click OK. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Place Beams 1. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 10. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Right-click. 11. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view).

To place beams: Structural s 405 . click Beam.3. On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Chain. Click. Structure panel. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 5. 4. s In the view window. In the Type Selector.

Structural . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. On the Properties palette. 6. Click. 7.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. Click.

s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. click Make Wall Bearing. Click.rvt. click Beam. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click Modify. If a Warning dialog box that opens. On the Properties palette. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Structural s 407 . In this exercise. 12. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Structure panel. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Save the file as Deck Beams. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. 9. Click OK. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. as shown. 11. Click on grid intersection B4.8.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click Pick Supports. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. 2. On the Structure tab. 4. Click the beam on Grid 1. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. click Beam System. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. Open Deck Beams. s Place braces. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click No. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 3. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. In this exercise. Place Beam Systems 1.Structural . These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. or number of beams in a bay. The completed exercise 5. distance. click Sketch Beam System. Structure panel. you: s Place beam systems. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . click Line. On the Draw panel. 7.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. as shown.

click Pick Supports. 11. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Finish. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. 10.6". To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. click Create Similar.Structural . s s On the Draw panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Finish (green check). Trim as necessary. On the Mode panel.2". s s s On the Draw panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s 9. Click the beam on Grid 2. click Line. On the Properties palette. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . On the Properties palette. set Elevation to -0'-9".8.

It has an automatic work plane. Click to place the elevation. Create panel.Place Braces 1. 3. Structural s 411 . Adjust the view crop region as shown. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 4. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 5. as shown. On the Structure tab. 2. click Brace. On the View tab. Structure panel. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the View Control Bar. unlike regular elevations. In the Project Browser. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a.

Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 8. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . In the Type Selector. to start the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left.6. Click Modify. 7. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 9. In the view window.

In this exercise. you: s Placed beam systems.10. 11. Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces.rvt.

The exact location is not critical. and walls. 2. and section views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. In this exercise. In plan views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. You can change a grid number at any time. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . but they can also be angular and radial. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grid datasets. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. This is a common step early in designing a large building. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab.Structural . you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. as shown. The exact length is not critical. s s In the view window. click Grid.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. click in the lower left to start a grid line. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. The numbering automatically increments. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Datum panel. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. beams. elevation. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Pull the cursor straight up.

Click to place a new grid line.3. Structural s 415 . Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.

Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Click to start a grid line. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Select Grid Line 2. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Repeat to create grid line 4.5. Press ENTER. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. click to place the grid line.Structural . The new grid line is number 5. The new grid line will be number 3. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Press ENTER. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Copy. Pull the cursor to the left. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Grid 3 is already the selection set. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Pull the cursor to the right. close to the heads. 6. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Enter A at the keyboard. 7. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.

This grid line will be number B. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Select grid 2. This completes the main grid. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Grid 2. 11. 9. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. On the grid line. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. The Grid tool is still active. s Click to place the grid line. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.1.1 is still selected. Structural s 417 . Change the number to 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. 10.8. s Click Copy. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.

On the Draw panel. The Grid tool is still active.Structural . On the Options Bar. Create panel. click Pick. select Center-Ends Arc. s s Click grid intersection D3. Zoom to Fit. On the Home tab. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Click to place the grid head. On the Draw panel. 3. Change the number to EE. set Offset to 15'-0". Click in the new grid bubble. enter 15. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2.000 o . On the Options Bar. click Radius. In the Radius field. s Click to start the grid line. click Grid. 4. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Press ENTER.

Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.5. You will need to identify it easily. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Select grid 3 to show its controls. 7. 6. Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click to place grid FF. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.

s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. click Mirror . 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Select grid 31. s Select grid 3. Zoom to Fit. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.000. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Press ENTER. 11. Click to place the grid line. 9. click Create Similar. s 10.8. s Click grid intersection D3. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Pick Axis. Enter 31 to change the name. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Revit will create grid 32. Click in the new grid bubble.rvt.Structural . Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s In this exercise.

the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. 2. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Use a column grid to place beams. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s 3. As a result. In the Type Selector. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. This is a steel column. Structural s 421 . s Add footings to columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structure panel. click Column > Structural Column. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. you typically create a grid. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s Change a grid layout. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you: s Use a column grid to place columns.

C and D. 2. 4. click Finish.s s On the Options Bar. On the Multiple panel. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. click At Grids. 4. 5. 3. set Height to Level 3. B. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. A. In the Multiple panel. 6. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .

5. columns. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Zoom to Fit. click Beam. and beams will move to the right. Structural s 423 . Click Grid 1. 2. click On Grids. 3. Window-select all the grid lines. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 4. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. The grid. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Open Floor Plan Level 2.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1.

2. Open the Default 3D view. 3. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click No. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. On the Quick Access toolbar. 4. 1. Click Redo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.Structural . Columns and beams will move to the right. click Finish. On the Multiple panel.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click Undo. In the view window. click At Columns. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 6. On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. click Isolated.

To change the size of the footing. A warning displays. 6. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Press ESC to clear the column selection. The footing had been placed at Level 1. s On the Properties palette.5. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 7. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. The footing changes size. Click OK.

426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Changed a grid layout.Structural . s Added footings to columns.8. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file.

STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.

using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

Column b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place beam systems. s Place braces. s Use a column grid to place columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Brace c. Questions 1. True b. Beam d. 2. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. All of the above. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.

To change the height of a column. A and B. Select the type of beam or column to place. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . b. c. c. b. Pick points. If you relocate a grid line. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Flip Orientation d. All of the above. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. To create a beam system. 3. Properties c. you: a. True b. a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. you can: a. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. When placing columns or beams. False 4. 5. d. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you use: a. A but not B. 2. Stretch b.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Structural . True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. a. d.

Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Director. Copyright s 431 . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Poway.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Susan Harrington . Milwaukee. Starkweather . Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Inc. Poway High School. South Division High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Instructor. Mathematics.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Teacher.org Project Lead the Way. International Technology Education Association www. WI Roger Dohm .iteaconnect. CA Ronald A Williams. Ltd.Executive Director. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. PE . Smith . Randy Dymond.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .

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