Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls.

furniture.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. section. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. elevation. You can add building elements in plan. windows. floors. and 3D views.Software Tools . stairs. Other building elements such as doors. roofs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

If one is moved. In the illustration shown.While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. the other will move as well. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints.

About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. s Constrain placement of objects. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Describe the tools for placing building elements. and Language Arts. Technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Place a predefined Mass family. engineering.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Engineering. Math (STEM).

or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. and then converted into building components such as floors. and curtain systems. size. walls. There are mass families available to load into a project. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. owner. A designer. such as distance requirements from roadways. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. or masses. you can create in-place masses.Software Tools . or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. quickly. roofs. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. roofs. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. walls. or within. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotation includes text notes. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and symbol heads. tags. Technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and math standards. technology. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Engineering. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). legends. engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Explain the use of dimensions. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be linear. and permanent dimensions for annotating.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. radial.

Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y. and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Math (STEM). 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. engineering. and math standards.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Work with tool buttons. Engineering. and Language Arts. and Options Bar. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. the Type Selector. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Open and use ribbon tabs.

Some commands will not be active (that is. for instance. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Its position is fixed. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Display and Navigation s 31 . Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. doors. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. windows. beams.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

symbols.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. detailing. trusses. and text. structural walls. braces. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and foundations. slabs. Display and Navigation s 33 . Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. columns.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . materials. and inquiry.Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and parameters. Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close.Software Tools . Save.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. and groups. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. sheets. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. Legends. schedules. with four elevation markers visible. families. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.Software Tools .

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. rendering (in 3D views). hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Windows panel on the ribbon. shadow display. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. View Control Bar View scale. level of detail. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. cropping. visual style. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . sun settings. A check mark indicates it is visible. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.

but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. To change the scale of a view. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded. Shaded with Edges. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. or by global location. which can be according to the view. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. Display and Navigation s 47 . and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. sun and shadow intensity.

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and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows.

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools .

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . These controls. along with other display settings.

View. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Insert. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Display and Navigation s 55 . Collaborate. Annotate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. To activate or open a view. Massing & Site. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Structure. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Nine tabs are available: Home.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. If you select items in the view window. Display and Navigation s 57 . The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. showing options that you can select while you are working. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Properties Palette. When a context tab is active.Context Tabs.

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When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

the application menu. and Publish. Display and Navigation s 65 . File Save. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Export. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Print.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. The application menu contains file management controls. such as File Open. File Close only appears on the application menu. Click a file name to open that file. New File. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Do this for other tabs. The completed exercise 4. 2. click OK in the dialog box that opens. 3. After you have examined each of them. or click New > Project from the application menu. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. On the ribbon. make the Home tab active. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. To start a new project. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. If you select the menu option. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Titles.

Close the file without saving. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. and then viewed. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.5. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 6. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. you opened a project file. They disappear when you move the cursor away. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. In this exercise. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.Software Tools . 7. Select Cycle Through All.

2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Exercise 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Display and Navigation s 69 . Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. doubleclick the view name.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt. In the Project Browser. The file opens to a 3D view. Open quick_start_building_elements.

the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click any interior wall. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click OK. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 5.3. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. You are selecting everything visible. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 8. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 4. 7. . Clear Walls and Doors. and windows highlight blue. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. all the walls.Software Tools . doors. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 6. On the Properties palette.

Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.9. On the Properties palette. 10.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Place a door as shown. you opened a project file. Display and Navigation s 71 . 11. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. On the Modify | Doors context tab. examined the menus and toolbars. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 12. In this exercise. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click any door. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.

either predefined or user-created.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. drafting views. System families include levels. Pan. Technology. s Work with Revit families. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. floors). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. s Create a new in-place family. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. ceiling plan. and views. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. You can create sections. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. operating settings. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. In the exercises. lines. s Load and place component families. building elements (walls. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Engineering. schedules. and elevation views by default. display controls. and Language Arts.Software Tools . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). mechanical equipment). templates. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . annotations. Revit provides floor plan. and 3D views using the View menu.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering. technology. and math standards.This lesson relates to science.

The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. There is no way to see everything in it. Click Zoom to Fit. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. 2. Click OK. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Rightclick in the view window.Software Tools . you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Four elevation markers are visible. The elevation markers disappear from the view. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Click Zoom to Fit. VG also opens the dialog box. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The display changes. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the Annotation Categories tab.Exercise: View Controls A building model. is an extensive database. First. even a small one.rvt. Open Unit2_building_elements. Right-click. 3.

In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. 5. Click Zoom In Region. Select Detail Level: Medium. Right-click. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall.4. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. so be sure to select them both. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Select the roof outline. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Enter ZF. Click and drag the cursor as shown. click Detail Level. There are two parts to an elevation. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. 6. 7. Click Open. Right-click. Zoom to Fit.

There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 2. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. View Properties 1. Click Zoom to Fit. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Turn off visibility of the elevations. change the Underlay value to None. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.Software Tools . doors and windows are not shown. as before. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .8. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit.

Right-click. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. and where the cut plane sits. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Next to View Range. 4. For Name.3. click Edit. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. enter Roof. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.0". Set the cut plane value to 7' . the ridge is now visible. Click Rename. Click OK. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.

78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In the Sun Settings dialog box. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shading with Edges. under Solar Study. 4. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. select Still. In the Presets list. select Winter Solstice. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box.Software Tools . In the dialog box that opens. Set the time to 9:30 am. 2. 3. Accept the location that activates. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 5.Graphic Display Options 1. Open Elevation view South. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Shadows On.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update. Save the file as Unit2_views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .

This exercise illustrates how you locate. and furniture. click Door. standard families. and so on. furniture. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. windows. and families in place.Software Tools . and use a Revit family to place a door. Doors are considered standard family entities. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. or institutional structures. Additionally. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Build panel. Open Unit2_views. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt. doors and windows are dependent on walls). There are system families. floors. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Doors. In Revit. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and floors. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. roofs. On the Home tab. 2. railings. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. windows. lights. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. and annotations are examples of standard families. walls. You add closet doors to interior walls. or stand-alone (for example. such as levels. is predefined within Revit. furniture). commercial. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. s A system family. These components are called families and there are several different types. and place Revit families. load.

As you move your cursor near any wall.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. It has a number of different sizes defined. 5. and Annotation.rfa. 4. Project files have a file extension of *. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Tag panel. Click Open.rvt. You click to place an instance of the door family. Accept the default size. If you highlight a door family. The Door Insertion tool stays active. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Locate Double Panel 2. On the Modify | Place Door tab. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Click Open. s s 6.rfa. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Family files have a file extension of *. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Furniture. Click the Doors folder. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).

In this exercise. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. but not strongly. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . loaded.Software Tools . Place two more instances of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. 8. simply click it. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.rvt. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.7. you located. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Place an instance of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family. 9.

enter 48" x 80".Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Click OK. and create an in-place family. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.rvt. 4. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Open Unit2_doors_walls. 3. you open an existing project file. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. The required width is not available. This door needs to be 48" wide. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . For Name. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 5. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. modify a door family. Select the double door as shown.

2. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.6. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The door updates. select Generic Models. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. set the Extrusion End value to 6". In the dialog box. Build panel. 4. 1. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 5. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates.Software Tools . click Component > Model In-Place. is to create a component family in place. Click OK. For Name. On the Home tab. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 3. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Properties palette. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Click OK. enter Hall Clock.

On the Draw panel. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. as shown. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model.rvt. 9. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.2". you located.4" as shown. 13. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . click Rectangle. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 8. In this exercise. 7. and placed a door family.6. 12. Revit will display . Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). The family model updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You have created the base of the clock. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 10. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click OK.0' 2". 11.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is binary math. s What is Moore's Law. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.

s Change type properties of a family. s Open different views. To activate a view: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. c. s Change view properties. b. 6. tab. Views can be renamed.Software Tools . b. d. False 2. True b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. load. and click Open. Right-click. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. context tabs. The tool shown is used to: a. Turn on Shadows. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Create an in-place model family. False 4. All content tools are located on the ribbon. b. Questions 1. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. d. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Spin the model in 3D space. True b. s Access. Go to View > View Name in the menu. a. a. and Options Bar. c. Each project has several predefined views. Zoom in Region is used to: a. depending on the template selected. False 5. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom to the entire model. False 3. d. a. Either a or b. and place a family from a library. Create a 3D perspective view. c. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. s Change view displays. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. 7. a.

The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Project Browser d. Properties palette 10. A family created within a project is called ________________. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Rotate c. depending on settings 9. Blocks c. Families 11. All of the above. a.8. Parts d. System c. a. Standard b. Multiview b. Scroll d. windows. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. etc. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. In-Place d.) are called: a. Pan and Zoom b. you can use the scroll wheel to: a.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Review Revit Architecture setup.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 5. s Duplicate and modify views. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 4. 2. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 8. 7. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create a project template. s Create labels. 9. 3. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet.

Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. colors. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. linetypes. Explain why templates are used. colors. and the settings that are preset within them.aia.aias. Technology. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.Standards and Building Codes . To review the list of standards for each lesson. defining the layers. and Language Arts. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. should be used. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Visit the AIAS website at www. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.org. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. based on the AIA standards. and so forth. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. linetypes. After completing this lesson. Visit the AIA website at www. Math (STEM).Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Engineering.org.

and math standards. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology.

the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. like mechanical drawing. it must have at least one door. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. If it lacks any of these components.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. one window. otherwise it is considered a carport. a bathroom. a common area (such as a living room or family room). doors. windows. For example. defined and adopted by convention. and one closet. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. the number being its numerical value. it cannot be called a bedroom. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A unit is a particular physical quantity. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. If there is a fire. a garage. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. A garage must be completely enclosed. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. and so on. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.

Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object.For example. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Here h is the physical quantity. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. in the United States. the construction industry still uses the English. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. using imperial units. and other materials. units are applied to dimensions. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. In architectural drafting. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. glass. or imperial.. unit symbol ft.. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 169 m. also known as the International System of Units. is 555 ft. Another method is to apply dual notation. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. such as room size and wall height. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. However. unit symbol m.

and viewports. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". every 1/8" would represent 1'. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.Standards and Building Codes . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.Scales are ratios. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Each size is designated by a letter. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. one value representing another value. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. In Revit Architecture.) 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. sheets. line weight and pattern. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).

escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. The integers go from 0 to 9. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. temporary Schedules Sections. site plan. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and then add a title block or other symbols. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.a modified version of the AIA standard. You create and position views. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.01. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . elevators. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. notes Demolition. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).01. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. symbols. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.

annotation plot sizes. The next space is for tracking revisions. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. the electrician. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Typically. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. and other relevant information. and layer standards. The column is divided into sections. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. so that the height is less than the width. The paper is oriented landscape. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the HVAC company. drawing scales. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. followed by information on the building's owner. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Usually. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. For example. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . fonts. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the date drawn. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. that is.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the author of the drawing.

layer settings. title blocks. required symbols.in the City of San Francisco. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. dimension and text styles.

These can be used to build your model. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. windows. Engineering. dimension styles. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. and walls.Standards and Building Codes . views. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Technology. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and Language Arts. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates that are preset with drawing units.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Settings s 101 . engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Condominiums. On the application menu.Standards and Building Codes . The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. 3. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. factory. click New > Project. you use templates as starting points. Select a Template 1. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. you create a new project file using a template. 2. Open Revit to an empty project file.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. apartments. click Browse. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. or store. In Revit. In the New Project dialog box.

rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. On the application menu. saving set up time. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. you started a new project file using a standard template. Settings s 103 . Click OK. click Close to close this project without saving.4. 6. 5. In this exercise. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Click Open. Select the Residential-Default.

you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. s Place the cursor over the left wall.Standards and Building Codes . 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Project Browser. click Wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. expand Floor Plans under Views. the drawing setup options are preset. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. open ADA__Settings. Build panel.rvt. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. In the courseware datasets folder. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. In this exercise.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. 3. Pull the cursor to the right. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 2. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Click to start a new wall. The Wall tool remains active. The file opens to a 3D view.

Close the file without saving. 7. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.4. 8.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. and move the cursor right. 5. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. In this exercise.) 6. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. click to start a new wall. Settings s 105 . Press ESC to cancel the wall. Place the cursor over the left wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. s Set Unit symbol to m. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Format for Length.

or insert components. 2. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. dimensions not only display. Click OK. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. In the Type Properties dialog box. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Open ADA_Dimensions. click Duplicate. create. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . but also control the size and location of objects.Standards and Building Codes . On the Properties palette. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 1. temporary and permanent. By default. enter Big Text. 4. click Aligned. On the Annotate tab.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Dimension panel. For Name. there are two types of dimensions. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 3. click Edit Type.rvt. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.

s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Text Size to 3/16". In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. 7. and bottom horizontal walls. Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click to place. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. The Dimension tool is still active. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Click OK twice. 6. Settings s 107 . left.5.

In this exercise. 9. s s s Select the far left. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. upper. Close the file without saving. you opened an existing file. created a new dimension style. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. and far right vertical walls.8. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Dimension tool stays active. Click to place the dimension.Standards and Building Codes .

open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 3.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 2. There are no annotations visible. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. These are annotations.rvt. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In the datasets folder. In the Project Browser. Notice the door and window tags. In order to do this. and the view window displays the new plan. Settings s 109 .

On the Manage tab. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click OK to update the display of this view. 6. Double-click to open it. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click Rename. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. In the Project Browser. In the Project Browser.4. Click OK. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 7. 8. click Project Information.Standards and Building Codes . Model Categories tab. 5. Settings panel. 1. 9. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. select Floor Plan: Level 1. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets.

2. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3.Add a Sheet 1. Settings s 111 . You can also enter the address of your school. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2. click Edit. In the Value column of Project Address. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. Click OK. Rightclick. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. 3. Click New Sheet. or supply your own values: Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.

4. Click Apply. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.Standards and Building Codes . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Next. In the Identity Data and Other sections. 5. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a View to the Sheet 1. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value.

Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Settings s 113 . Select the new viewport. 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click Activate View. 4. Select Add View to Sheet. 2.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Right-click in the view. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Right-click. Select Deactivate View.

6. of the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. deselect it.5. Finish the move. s Added a sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.Standards and Building Codes . s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. you: select it. Place the cursor 7. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Close the file without saving. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

It opens to the Recent Files window. click New > Titleblock. This is one of the longer exercises. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 3.5 title block template opens. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Start Revit Architecture. A copy of the 11 x 8.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. On the application menu.rft. Click Open. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 2. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5. Select A-11x8. Settings s 115 . 4.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Landscape. Click Zoom to Fit. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Add a label for Sheet Number. In this exercise. Right-click. select Drawn By. you created a title block using a template file. click Close. s Click Add. 10. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 15. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 11. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. s Accept the Sample Value.rfa. 13. Save the title block as A . 12.9. click Save to save the title block. 14. Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. On the application menu. On the Quick Access toolbar. Add a label for Checked By.

and then load a custom title block into your project. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. 4. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 5. you create a new project file. Insert a Title Block 1. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Your title block is now displayed in the list. On the View tab.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. click New to create a new project using the default template. Click Open. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. In the Recent Files window. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. The title block appears in the graphics window. Locate your title block. Highlight the title block and click OK. 3. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Settings s 125 . 2.

click Project Information. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. On the Properties palette. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Click OK. s For Drawn By. 6. enter your instructor's name. 2. s For Checked By.Standards and Building Codes . you a created a new project file. 3. enter your name. 5.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Click Zoom to Fit. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. In this exercise. On the Manage tab. Settings panel. Click OK. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Select the title block. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. 4. enter Student Project Unit 3.

you define the title block. and the units for your custom template. 1. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. On the Insert tab. click New > Project. a dimension style. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. and slope angle. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. In this exercise. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and then load them like families. In the New Project dialog box. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Click OK. such as 3D and plan views. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. you create a new project file. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. On the application menu. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. 3. including how the rendered image looks. s Families: Load in families you use most often. select Project Template. There are various settings you can define for your template. in addition to predefined wall types. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. angles. 2. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. Create a Template In this exercise. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and geometry from the template. settings. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views.

10. For Name. Set the units for the template. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Annotate tab. 5. On the Manage tab. enter 3/16" Verdana. create a Dimension Style. 9. 8. There will be no visible change. click Duplicate. 6. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.Standards and Building Codes . In the Type Properties dialog box.rfa. You create a custom dimension style. Next. click Settings panel > Project Units.Landscape. Open the title block A . Click OK twice. Click the Length field in the Format column.4. Click OK. 7.

Change the following settings as shown: 13. In the Project Browser. 12. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.11. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. On the Properties palette. Rightclick. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click OK. Select the A . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click New Sheet. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 15. 14. select Sheets (All). Settings s 129 .

Save the file name as A-English template.16. The title block updates. as well as dimension style and units.Standards and Building Codes . 17. You can use this template for future projects. In this exercise. Click OK. title block. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.rte. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save your project template in your class project folder. and units that you defined.

or new combinations of existing materials. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . abstract format. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

AIA b. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Change lineweight. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". a. NCSESA 2. Using AIA Standards. s Create a template. P. 1:24 d.02 d. UBC c. s Create labels. s Create dimensions. s Create a title block. A.02 b. NCTM d. s Create text. and symbols used in drawing? a. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. A. dimension styles. is defined as what? a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 1:3 b. An architect b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. False 3. True b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. A unit 4. a. A particular physical quantity. 1:12 c. s Create a text style. s Change dimension colors. 1:32 5. s Create a dimension style.05 c.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Metric d. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. General Questions 1.Standards and Building Codes . a. S. English c.

title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. By default. To create a new sheet. In Revit Architecture. True b. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To set the units in a project. you use: a. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Point offsets 3. Wall midpoints d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. False Summary/Questions s 133 . To change the scale of a view. False 6. you click: a. a. Wall faces b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. False 4. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. a. Application menu > Properties b. Wall centerlines c. dimensions snap to: a.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

2. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 3. s Trim and extend walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 6. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Align walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 5. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.

or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. List the different types of occupancy. separate.Walls . They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. or filling in between. and protect its interior spaces. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . After completing this lesson. their construction and materials. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. them.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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a dashed line displays.Brick on Mtl. Select the Single Line option. Clear the Chain option. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. As you continue to move the cursor. It will not print. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . indicating wall length. Stud. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Enter 10. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Walls s 151 . Click to set the endpoint. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. an angular dimension displays. 4. To modify a dimension.3.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. 5. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. the dimension updates incrementally. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. click it to open an edit field. After you create the wall. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. but it disappears when you begin another action. Expand the Type Selector list.

enter 7. Press ENTER. Click to start the next wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Click the wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. 8. On the Modify | Walls tab. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Set the Detail Level to Medium. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Depending on your zoom in the view.Walls . click Create Similar. the controls may sit on top of one another.6. On the View Control Bar. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. click Modify to stop placing walls. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Select panel. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. 7. Create panel. The wall does not show any internal detail. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. click the Detail Level icon. After setting the vertical wall's direction.

Also. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. no matter where you move the cursor. release the mouse button to set a new length. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Notice that two dimensions display. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Click Modify. notice how the wall joins at the corner. an alignment line displays.9. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Walls s 153 . Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. 10. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Because you drew the wall from up to down.

15. 14. Build panel.Walls . Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 16. Sketch the walls as shown. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Wall. On the Home tab. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 13. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Select the lower vertical wall. Click Cancel. Right-click. When using the Chain option.11. Repeat. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 12. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.

After clicking the second end. Click Zoom to Fit. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.18. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". In this exercise. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click Modify. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Clear the Chain option. Select the Three Point Arc tool. 20.rvt. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 17. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Walls s 155 . Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Create Similar again. 19.

showing that there are now two separate wall sections. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. and extend walls.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Click Modify. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Do the same for the vertical wall. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 4. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. align. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Only part of the wall highlights. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 2.Walls . fillet.rvt from the previous exercise. 3. Both split walls are shown below. This exercise illustrates how to split. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To do this. Split Walls 1. trim. The cursor changes to a razor blade. you first split the walls at the intersections. You now remove the upper right corner.

Select any wall. You can also click the flip control. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Walls s 157 . click Delete. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Click Fillet Arc. On the Modify | Walls tab. 3. click Undo and repeat the steps. Enter 5'. On the Modify | Wall tab. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 2. click Create Similar.Fillet Walls 1. Modify panel. select Radius. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 5. Create panel. On the Options Bar. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). If you make a mistake. 4.

select Basic Wall: Interior . 1. The Wall tool is still active.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 2. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3. You align the wall in the next steps. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Place an interior wall as shown.

clear Chain. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. such as location lines. You can lock the alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.4. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . s On the Options Bar. Click to create a wall.

Select the two interior walls in turn.Walls . 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The length is not critical. The walls can cross. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 2. 6. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 5. 3.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This will be the border. Select the vertical wall as shown. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will extend to the border. 4. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.

and trim. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. fillet. In this exercise. Walls s 161 . align.rvt. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.

The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. On the Properties palette. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 2. and vary in cost. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The Modify tool is active by default. In the Project Browser.Walls . 3.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 1. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. click Edit Type. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. satisfy different requirements.

To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To edit the structure of the wall. 6. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. When you are finished. s Click the number of Layer 3. Add two additional layers to the wall. 5. Walls s 163 . s Click Down twice. Click Insert twice.4. For Name. the wall structure should be as shown. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 7. has a Function you can edit. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Click OK. Every layer of a wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click the arrow at the right. except Core Boundary. 8. s Click Up. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. click Edit in the Structure value field.

s Set the Material to Finishes . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Modify the Function. s Set the Material to Wood . 10. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 11.Exterior . s Click the icon that appears at the right. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Material.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". select Finishes . which displays plan or section views. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].9. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Stud Layer. 12. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 13. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.

17. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box.14. expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Walls s 165 . The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. On the Properties palette. select Medium. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. In the Project Browser. 15. 16. From the Detail level list.

select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You opened an existing file. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Close the file without saving. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or use the scroll bar at the bottom.Walls . 20. defined a new wall structure. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 19. In this exercise. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Right-click 8" Exterior. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.18. From the Type Selector list.

and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. such as a weatherproof outside surface. for example. In this exercise. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Select one of the Exterior . Be sure to select the wall and not a window. 2. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. a structural mid-section.rvt. and a decorated interior surface. The model opens in a 3D view. wood rails. 3.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. You can define a wall type with these elements.Brick on Mtl. Stud walls as shown. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.

Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 8. so all instances of this type change. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. When you split a layer.Walls . Wall structures are Type Properties. into regions. To split a layer or region vertically. Click Split Region. You can assign different materials to regions. click Edit. or you will lose your changes. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. To split a layer or region horizontally. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can set the sample height to any value. 5. 7. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. either horizontally or vertically. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. highlight one of the borders. 1. You change the type. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure.4. As indicated in the dialog box title. the new regions assume the same material as the original. To define the structure of the wall. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. In this exercise. If not already expanded. 6. You can split regions into other regions. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. 2. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. in the Structure value field. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu.

1. 2. When you merge regions. Click to split the region into two parts. In this case. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to merge the two layers. The upper split disappears. 3. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Walls s 169 . Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.3. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to merge them. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 4. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click Merge Regions.Brick layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . since both regions are composed of the same layer. After merge. Prehighlight a border between regions. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. assign Layer 1.

3. 4. 2. Next. instead of down. Click again to return to the original position. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Click the temporary dimension text. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Click Insert. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. to the next parallel line. To create a new wall layer.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 2. click Modify. you assign the material Masonry Brick .Walls . You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Press ENTER. In the Edit dialog box. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Select the split line. 1. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. If you set the split offset down from the top. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). indicating that it is modifiable. Change the value to 12. After a region is split. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 3. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 1. The dimension text turns blue. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall.

4. 5. 9. Click OK. 8. Walls s 171 . you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. In this exercise. 6. as shown. Change the Material to Masonry . Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. All walls of this type have been changed. because it is now the selected layer. Split Region. 7. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.Brick Soldier Course. 10. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course layer. When a layer is selected in the table. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. and Insert Layer tools. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. It immediately highlights in blue. Merge Region. Click OK. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Modify. Close the file without saving. it highlights in blue in the preview window. It also shows a thickness value. The preview changes appearance.

Walls . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. and protected. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. piping. installed. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. ducting. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . They also must resist sideways forces from wind.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and insulation. earth. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the view. the ventilation.Doors and Windows . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but also the natural lighting. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. An unobstructed opening of 5.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. the width can be no less than 20". The height can be no less than 24". must be provided by the window being used as an egress. ft.Doors and Windows . if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Doors and Windows s 187 . move. Some families are loaded into each empty file. windows. s Center a door in a wall. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. s Copy windows.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. Math (STEM). and furniture are defined in family files. technology. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Components such as doors. In this unit. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you learn how to place doors and windows. and copy these elements. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. how to load additional door and window families. and how to position. Technology. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project.

Add Doors 1. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To flip the door.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. This can be done in a plan view. Build panel. To reverse the swing. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. click Door. 3. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. 2. or 3D view. Once a door is placed. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. the door swing would be to the left side. When placing doors in a plan view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.Doors and Windows . elevation view. On the Home tab.

2. Mode panel.Load Families 1. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. on the Modify | Place Door tab. With the Door command active. click Load Family. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". 3. The display does not change. and windows into project files. In order to keep file size small.rfa. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Select the door Double-Panel 2. except for the Type Selector. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Click Open. From the Type Selector list. Doors and Windows s 189 . Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. walls. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.

4. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.Doors and Windows . 5. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. If necessary. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. From the Type Selector.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.6. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. change a temporary dimension. or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Do not add the dimensions. Place instances of single doors as shown. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location. To Doors and Windows s 191 . simply click it and enter the correct value.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. or 3D view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. the outside of the window is to the left side. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. On the Home tab. 2. click Window.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Build panel. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. To reverse the window after performing another operation. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. When placing windows in a plan view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Open Unit5_doors. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. From the Type Selector. Add Windows 1. You can place windows in a plan view. elevation view. approach the wall from the right side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. click Modify and select the window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Windows have exterior and interior sides. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family.

rvt. and placed windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. loaded a door family. In this exercise. 5. you opened an existing project. You do not need to add dimensions. placed doors. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. Window tags do not number in sequence. Place seven more windows as shown. 4. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.3.

Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 4. 3. and so on. window.rvt. On the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Dimension panel. s Align and modify walls. click Aligned. place a door. you open an existing project file. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. wall. constrain it to be centered in a wall. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 2. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 1. and modify the wall.

Select the upper wall first. Click the right wall. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the center of the door. The walls are now aligned. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The door changes location. Notice the symbol. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. the other wall will remain aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Align Walls 1.s s s s Click the left wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. This means that if one wall shifts. 5. Click it and it changes as shown.Doors and Windows . Click the lock icon to enable it. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. 6.

The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. The walls shift and remain aligned.4.) The dimension value is now shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 197 . Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Clear the EQ Display value. Change the dimension to 16. Dimensions display below it. 3.

In this exercise.6. Click Zoom to Fit. you placed a continuous dimension. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.rvt.Doors and Windows . Right-click.

Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Create panel. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 4. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. On the Modify | Windows tab. 1. In this exercise. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. click Create Similar. Doors and Windows s 199 . especially if there are many different types. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time.rvt. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 2.

Modify panel.Doors and Windows . 3. Select the window you just placed. The window will change appearance. On the Modify | Windows tab. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 2.Copy Windows 1. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The window is copied. 4. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . click Copy.

Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Doors and Windows s 201 . In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6.rvt. Right-click.5.

The stability of glass in response to wind. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. cold. flat glass is a recent invention. heat.Doors and Windows . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

a. 40" d. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Standard b. 32" d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 2. 36" c. Custom 3. you learned to: s Place doors. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Place a window. If a room is used for sleeping. a. 34" 4. s Copy a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 32" b. s Align a door or window. 30" c. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Position a door or window. 28" b. True b. General Questions 1.

Click Modify > Flip Direction. To center a door or window in a wall. b. a. you use: a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. d. a. 4. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Click Door Properties. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. you: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select the door. To change the swing direction of a door: a. you use ________. d. Select the door. c. a. Door and window tags are placed automatically. b. Load c. Right-click. Insert d. Select the door. Load from Library b. True b. a. Duplicate d. Properties 3. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Copy 8. Clone b.Doors and Windows . The center snap 7. 6. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Link c. Click Flip Direction. Click Door Properties. True b. c. Select the door. True b. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. False 5. False 2. Use door grips to reposition. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Offset c. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. A reference plane b. To change the location of a door or window. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Create railings. (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 6. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 5. 3.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. 2. you will be able to: s Create stairs.

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.Stairs and Railings . Describe the formulas for stair calculation.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . stair and railing types. After completing this lesson.

Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . engineering. and math standards.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Once the actual riser height is determined. Then.

Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.

Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This saves space when changing direction. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Due to building code.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings .

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".

you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Technology. In multistory buildings. and math standards.Stairs and Railings . of certain horizontal depth or run. You can define straight runs. You create stairs in a plan view. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. This lesson relates to technology. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. As you move the cursor. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and spiral stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. ramps. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. For safety reasons. The riser and run values update accordingly. s Modify stairs. or vertical circulation. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. s Add a railing. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. which includes elevators.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. or tread. s Create U-shaped stairs. engineering. and Language Arts. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. L-shaped runs with a landing. and stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. U-shaped stairs.

rvt. This enables you to place the stairs properly. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. 3.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. On the Properties palette. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. This file is in metric units. From the courseware datasets folder. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. you create stairs using a straight run. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Stairs and Railings s 217 . Before you create the stairs.

You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). On the Home tab. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.4. These tools are used to define your stairs. click Stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. Run is preselected. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Click OK to close the dialog box. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. In this case. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. you create a straight run. Circulation panel. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs.Stairs and Railings .

As you move the cursor up. You can also enter a distance of 4400. the run footprint stops expanding. 7. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 10. 9. You can continue to move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 8. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.6. To change the run dimension. select Finish (green check). Select this intersection point to start your run. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. If you have not fully created the run. and then click to define the run of stairs. On the Mode panel.

11. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. In this exercise.rvt.Stairs and Railings . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. 13. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. To avoid overwriting the original file. click application menu > Save As > Project. 12. and switched to a 3D view. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. you created and placed a straight run stair. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Level 1. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. click Align. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Edit panel.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.rvt. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. 2. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The stair is not centered on the landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Activate view Floor Plans. On the Modify tab.

select Wall centerlines. 5. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. If you have a scroll mouse. from the Prefer list. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Options Bar. which is located at the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.Stairs and Railings . The Align command remains active. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Click the center of the wall first.4. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Click the center of the stairs.

Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. As you prehighlight them. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. railings were created with the stairs. 8. On the Properties palette. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. s Click OK. expand Sections (Building Section). On the Properties palette. click Edit Type.6. In the Project Browser. Change Width to 1350. Hover the cursor over the railing. 7. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. enter Lobby Stairs. and Dimensions subsections. s For Name. s Click Duplicate. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Select the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 9. Graphics. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread.

10.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Lobby Stair View. Select both railings. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Cherry s s Click Modify.

s Zoom in on the stairs. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.12. Click it to select it. Delete this line. 13. The stair changes to the run sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. click Edit Sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. The railings change. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Next. Mode panel. you change the shape of the stairs. 14. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. In the Type Selector.

s On the Modify panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Click to place the arc. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. s Select the arc boundary you just created. On the Draw panel. 18. click Boundary.Stairs and Railings . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.15. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 19. click the left end of the top riser. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 17. Click Modify. 16. To place the second arc endpoint. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.

Click to exit the Mirror command. Next. 20.21. For the third point. First. Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the left boundary. On the Draw panel. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. the arc center point. click Riser. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Stairs and Railings s 227 . This will define a rounded first step.

228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results. you modified stair properties and boundaries. click Finish.22. 23. On the Mode panel. In this exercise.

Zoom into the landing area as shown. 2. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Select the right side railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Stairs and Railings s 229 .Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you add a railing to a second floor landing.rvt from the previous exercise. Click Modify. s s Sketch a Railing 1. The completed exercise To create a railing. In this case. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you need to define a path for the railing. For simple railings. 3. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. This is typically done in plan view. you sketch the plan view path. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Therefore.

click Line. select Chain. You do not need to add dimensions. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. edit the temporary dimension. 7. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. click Edit Path. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Then. The dimensions are shown as a guide. 5. On the Draw panel. 6.4. Once the railing is selected. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Mode panel. on the Modify | Railings tab. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. To set the exact distance. s s On the Options Bar. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall.

Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. 9.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Delete your lines and try again. In this exercise. 8.rvt. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 .

Stairs and Railings . you create a reference plane. In a floor plan view.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. set the Offset value to 850. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Work Plane panel. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Create a Reference Plane 1. s On the Options Bar. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. In this exercise.rvt from the previous exercise. s On the Home tab. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. 2. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.

Stairs and Railings s 233 . 4. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . For Name. 3. On the Home tab. On the Properties palette. To start sketching the run. click Stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Pull the cursor straight up. 6. change the Width parameter to 900. Click OK twice. Click OK. Matte 2. Click Edit Type. Dark Gray. 5. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Circulation panel. enter Exit Stairs. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish.

7. Move the pointer to the right. Press ENTER. Click to place the first run.Stairs and Railings . enter 1925. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run. with none remaining to be created. 8. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 9.

On the Stairs panel. Remove the additional lines. 2. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Click Finish Stairs again. To remove the lines. If you get an error message. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. You want to inspect your stairs. click Finish Stairs. On the View Control bar. 11. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Stairs and Railings s 235 . On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. you select Continue to return the sketch. Use Hide/Isolate 1.10. it is because you have overlapping lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. but they are hidden behind walls. click 3D View to view your model in 3D.

and to create a U-shaped stair. Finally. In this exercise. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Reset the Display 1. On the Properties palette. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 5. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. This is a multistory stair. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 6. Zoom in to see your stairs. The walls are now hidden. 3. you learned to create a reference plane. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. On the View Control Bar. The exterior walls reappear. Select the stairs so they highlight. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.rvt. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 2.3. 4.Stairs and Railings . Click Zoom to Fit in the view.

and elevators. escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 .

238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and deliver riders without wait time.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Stairs and Railings . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. but they can also be highly decorative. smoke guards. this openness makes them fire hazards. Include landings as required by your local building code.

45 degrees c. True b. 40" 4. a. 30" b. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 180 degrees 3. a. 90 degrees d. 25 degrees b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. True b. s Create railings. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. you learned to: s Create stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 32" c. b. False Summary/Questions s 239 . and all treads should be the same run. False 2. General Questions 1. 36" d. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a.

riser d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . True b. Rectangle c. Arc d. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Line b. Align Railing d. you use the _______ option. You can apply materials to different stair components. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 6. that is. Home b. Attach Railing c. riser lines c. To create railings on stairs without railings.Stairs and Railings . Railings. Circle 4. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Pick New Host b. True b. risers b. Modify c. a. Run. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Insert 2. Manage d. Treads. Boundary lines. a. Fasten Railing 5. risers 3. a. risers and treads.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Place gutters. (Student) 3. (Student) 10. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 8. (Student) 5. (Student) 9. (Student) 7. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Lesson Plan 1. s Define a roof structure. s Place fascia.

After completing this lesson.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. tiles. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. It addresses roof construction. and pitch of a sloped roof. roof types. gutters. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. run.Roofs . Identify the different roof types. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. and downspouts. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. Calculate the rise. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

This lesson relates to science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Roofs s 243 . and Language Arts. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. engineering. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Rake: The inclined.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Math (STEM). technology. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

brands. the roofing pattern. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. durability.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. the roofing pattern. maintenance. and if visible. and if visible. snow. maintenance. as well as how effective a shelter it is. About Roofs s 245 . They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and low maintenance roofing material. and sun. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. You can use them for many different applications. texture. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. fire-resistant. These are used more often on upscale homes. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. texture. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and color. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. resistance to wind and fire. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. resistance to wind and fire. and color. are designed for shedding water and snow. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. durability. rot. and colors. and sunlight. They come in several types. Sloped roofs. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. both low and steep. resulting in at least one textured face.

s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. choose a type that will suit your needs. durable. treatment for insects. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. galvanized steel.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. They are fire-resistant. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. Unfortunately. fiberglass. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. zinc alloy. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. This same roof on a clear. and insulating capability (R-value). cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. quality. Therefore. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. galvanized steel. consider such factors as cost. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. odor. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. reinforced plastic. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. and so forth). In a house with a cathedral ceiling. or corrugated structural glass. and require little maintenance. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. special characteristics (for example.Roofs . The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Shed One basic face with a slope. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

the pitch is displayed as 1/12. run. The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. but the two sides are not symmetrical. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.

7 and 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.When designing a roof. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . try to specify standard roof pitch. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 on 12.Roofs . 7-12. 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

or roof overhangs. dormers. s Create a hip roof. or eaves. you can add gutters. To create a roof by face. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Roofs s 255 . or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. water. snow. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. or ice. s Assign roof structure and materials. soffits. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. and fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. often supporting a gutter. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Create various roof types.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Once you create a roof. s Place gutters. s Create a roof fascia.

Roofs . technology. Engineering. and math standards. and Language Arts. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Open ADA_Roofs..rvt. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 3. you create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click OK to continue. 4. the top of the roof profile is sketched. 2. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. To create an extruded roof. select the Name option. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. In the Work Plane dialog box.

On the Work Plane panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Line. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. click Ref Plane. In the Go To View dialog box. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Draw panel. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 3. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Click Open View. Before sketching the roof's profile. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. The section view should display as shown. 4. 2. s Use the image below for guidance. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 6. select Section: Section 1.Roofs . s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.

s Select the new dimension. Roofs s 259 .6. s Click Modify. 5. Using a positive offset value. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. Using the image below for guidance. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2.

Click Modify. 2. enter Horizontal. click Line. 5. On the Properties palette. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. click Chain.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Right-click. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 4.Roofs . for Name. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. On the Mode panel. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you can label them. 7. click Finish (green check). To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click OK. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 6. s On the Options Bar. 1. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 3.

Switch to a 3D view. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8. Roofs s 261 .12" type. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

Using the images for guidance. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 3. carefully select the far right roof edge.Roofs .Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 1. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. click Join/Unjoin Roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. This is a two-step process. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. On the Modify tab. Edit Geometry panel. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.

To select both walls together. select Attach Wall: Top. Select the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. However. click Attach: Top/ Base. Roofs s 263 .4. 2. open the view Sections: Section 1. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select both walls. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. In the Project Browser. 3. On the Modify Wall panel. On the Options Bar. Trim Walls 1.

s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.rvt. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.4. The roof now looks correct. In this exercise. 5. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view.Roofs . you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.

prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. 3. On the Home tab. In this exercise. by Footprint. so you look straight down as in a plan. you create a gable roof using a footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Because you are in a 3D view. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. From the drop-down list. select Garage Roof.rvt. from existing walls. Click Yes. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Build panel. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The footprint sketch is created at 2. a dialog box is displayed. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . 1. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 4. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Unit7_first_roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.

0". click Defines Slope. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. If you place a line on the wrong side. 7. 8. Next. select the vertical wall on the left. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s On Options Bar.Roofs . clear the Defines slope option. Use the image below for guidance. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.5. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 6. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. click Pick Walls. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.

you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Roofs s 267 . In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Click Modify. Select the left slope defining line. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the right side roof line. Click the 9"/12" text. To complete the roof. It becomes an editable field. 2. click Yes. Change this value to 6"/12". When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 1. By default. That value displays next to the slope arrow. change the value to 6"/12". When a roof line is set to slope defining. defining lines separately. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Other controls also display. click Finish. The new roof displays. 3. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.

Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.Roofs . 5. In this exercise.4. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.

set the overhang to 1' 0".Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. When all of the walls prehighlight. To chain-select all of the walls. 2. Clear Defines Slope. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.rvt. On Home tab. Roofs s 269 . On the Options Bar. you create a gable roof using a footprint. click to select them. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 3. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 4.

3. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Roofs . Zoom into the chimney area. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. click Rectangle. Using the image for guidance. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 2. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 4.Create a Roof Opening 1. As an alternate.

On the Options Bar. 4. click Yes. The slope indicator displays. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Select the uppermost. 3. 6. Select the left lower horizontal line. Click Finish. Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. horizontal line. select Defines Slope. Click Modify. 2. As in the previous exercise. 5.

7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 8. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.rvt. and chimney penetration. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. attached walls. In this exercise.

5. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. you create a hip roof. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Roofs s 273 . Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 2. Create the Roof 1.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise.0". Select Defines Slope. 3. Build panel. Select the three walls shown in the image. set Overhang to 2' . On the Options Bar. 4. Zoom into the area shown.

3. s On the Draw panel. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Right-click the ViewCube. Raise the Roof 1. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . On the Properties palette.0". Click Finish to complete the roof. click Line. 6. 2. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed.Roofs .7. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. In addition. Click OK. you use the Line tool. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D View. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. To close the roof sketch.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Roofs s 275 . Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall.2.rvt. you created a hip roof using a footprint. In this exercise.

Clear Defines Slope. 3. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 6. On the Draw panel. 2. 4. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.rvt. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Line. 5. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Roofs s 277 . click Pick Walls. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Create a Shed Roof 1. 7.

12. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Right-click the line. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".8. 11. Click Toggle Slope Defining. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 13.Roofs . Select the lower. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 9. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. 10.

Finish the Roof. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes.rvt. 15. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Roofs s 279 . Click OK. Switch to a 3D view.14. In this exercise. 16. 18. 17.

Roofs . You see four levels defined in the model.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Activate the view North Elevation. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the menu bar. 5. Cutoff Level list. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Select the Roof. On the Properties palette. The roof updates. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. select Level 3.rvt. 3. Open the Default 3D view. 2. 4.

Switch to a 3D View. Roofs s 281 . To set the slope for the new roof. In this exercise. 10. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Finish the Roof. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.rvt. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 9. 11. set the slope value to 3"/12". click Pick Lines. 7. on the Properties palette. 8. select Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. 12.6. 13. Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Home tab.

Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. thereby reducing energy consumption.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 1. 3. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 2. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the main roof over the house.Roofs . In the Type Selector. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt. The file should open to a 3D view. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.

s s In the Type Properties dialog box.Define a Roof Structure 1. Click Insert to add a layer. enter Clay Tile. click Edit. s Click OK. 3. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. It is a generic roof type. Select the roof over the garage. Roofs s 283 . click Edit Type. For Name. 5. For Structure Value. Select Layer 2 as shown. 4. click Duplicate. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 2.

s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.Roofs . Click OK twice. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 6. s Click OK. In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Model. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 8. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 7. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.s s s In the Materials dialog box.

On the Home tab. click Roof > Fascia. 4. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. or for decoration. Click Open. In the Open dialog box. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. In this exercise. 3. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rvt. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Roofs s 285 .rfa. to support a gutter. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 2. On the Insert tab.

Matte. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.Paint Finish Ivory. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. click Edit Type. Click Duplicate. For Name. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. In the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . Click OK. for Profile.5. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 6. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Material value to Metal .

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Roofs s 287 . In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.8. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.

Place Gutters In this exercise. On the Home tab. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. click Edit Type. Click OK. For Name.rvt. under Profile parameter. Click OK. 3.Roofs . The completed exercise 4. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. select Metal Aluminum. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 1. select Gutter . click Roof > Gutter. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. you add gutters to a building. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 6. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Under Material parameter. s Click Duplicate.Bevel: 5" x 5".

11.7. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Roofs s 289 . Segments will clean up at corners. you attached gutters to a roof. In this exercise.rvt. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 10. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. If you click the interior face. 9. 8. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat.Roofs . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. and cold.

m. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house.

Shed 4. False 2. Low b. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Gambrel d. When referring to roof slope. a. True b. True b. Gable b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. s Place fascia. s Place gutters. s Define a roof structure. a.Roofs . High d. None of the above 3. General Questions 1. the run is always 12. Hip c.

Footprint. face b. Footprint b. a. SHIFT c. d. True b. place a check mark next to: a. 10. Create Slope d. sketch. ______ or _______. a. pick d. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. lines c. b. A compound roof contains layers. True b. Roofs can be created using ______. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. a. Slope c. Face 3. Turn slopes on or off. Expand/Contract 6. c. a. Add Slope b. Material 8. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Walls. To add a slope to a roofline. a. Create an opening. Sketch c. DEL d. False 7. Walls d. Change the direction of the roof. Footprint b. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Change the direction of the slope. False 5. you use: a. Footprint. ENTER 4. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. TAB b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. extrusion. Trim/Extend b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Activate Slope 9. Defines Slope c. True b. a. a. Extrusion d. Cut/Lengthen c. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. profile. False Summary/Questions s 293 . extrusion. profile 2. Sketch.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. s Create filled regions. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create a section view.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5.

Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. floor. and tool racks. cabinetry. In a residential building. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. bathrooms. Sections are used to examine the roof. the location of special equipment.Sections and Elevations . and special equipment. After completing this lesson. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. In a commercial structure. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. the kitchen. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure.

Math (STEM). Engineering. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. technology. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

s Methods of construction for the framing crew. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. framing. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and are properly cross-referenced. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. across its narrower dimension.Sections and Elevations . on the long axis of the building. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. t Cross or transverse sections. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. and foundation plans.

partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. unnecessary. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. such as doors and windows. s The position relationship between different elements. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.Sections and Elevations . 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members.

and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. South. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Unnecessary Information Shades. cars. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. With interior elevations. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. You may." Mfr. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. this is reversed. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. For a wood structure. bushes. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Therefore. quantity. For siding. The size of the object is listed first. and then the name of the material. East. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . followed by any additional information about spacing. or methods of installation. For example. and so forth. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. the titles assigned (North. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. people. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. however. shadows. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation.

Sections and Elevations . The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. or a baseboard. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. and other appliances. or decorative patterns. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. or MDF. and lip. wood. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. or linoleum) and the wall. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". doors and direction of door swings. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. casements. windows. finished floor-to-ceiling heights.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". and materials used. It may have curves. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. which is a formed pressboard. dishwashers. shelf arrangements. Molding is normally decorative in nature. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. doors. other openings. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. chamfers. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". and special equipment such as toilets. flush overlay. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The trim is usually glued into place. Molding is usually made of plaster. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. tile. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. This is usually done using a topset. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. This is more costly than regular overlay. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and types of finish materials used. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Hinges are concealed. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. coving. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. It can also be used around doorways and windows.

Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Change the section head.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create an interior elevation. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. which you can then add to a sheet. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Add slope annotations. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. and a section symbol on all plans.

like an elevation. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. A section is a horizontal view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Sections and Elevations . technology. This lesson relates to science. engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. and math standards. Once created.

To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . or other section view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. elevation. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. the section does not display in the elevation view. By resizing the crop region. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The slope is the ratio rise:run. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. tracing over the existing elements. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. In a set of construction documents. In the example shown. s Add structural details. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add breaklines as needed. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . such as anchor bolts and siding. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. s Add detail notes. So. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Details are crucial for effective construction. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Once you create the detail section.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view.

310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations .

click Section. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The file opens to a 3D view. The completed exercise 6. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Create a Section View 1. 2. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Open the file ADA_Sections. Create panel.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The Section command is available from the View tab. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.rvt. On the View tab. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 3. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. 4. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.

On the Properties palette. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut.Sections and Elevations . With the section line selected. 2. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Section Properties 1. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. and it has control grips to resize it. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The actual location is not critical. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. 3. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. This is called the crop region. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop.

7. In this exercise. When you drew the section line. The section view updates. In the Properties palette. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 8. Save the file as Unit8_section1. you automatically created a section view.rvt. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Clear Crop Region Visible. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 5. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 6. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The view is listed in your Project Browser.4.

Click OK. Click Open to load the family.rvt. 4. click Load Family. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 5. They include Section Head . For Name. 3.No Arrow. Load from Library panel. and Section Head .Filled.Sections and Elevations . Settings panel. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. 6. 7. On the Insert tab. Several section head families are available. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. On the Manage tab.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. click Duplicate. Select Section Head-Open. The view does not change. 2. enter Open Arrow. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Section Head .rfa.1 point Filled.

select Open Arrow. On the Properties palette. The section head updates to the new head type. 10. Click Duplicate. enter Open Arrow. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.rvt. select Section Head . For Section Head. Click OK.8. 13. Sections and Elevations s 315 . click Edit Type. 11. 14.Open. 9. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. In the Section Tag field. For Name. 12. Select the section line.

rvt.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. To reposition the callout head. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Use the image below for guidance. click Callout. select the border of the callout. On the Options Bar. 5. 3. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. Create panel. This is a building section. 6.Sections and Elevations . Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. On the View tab. 2. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. 3. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. select Chain. Detail panel. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Properties palette. On the Annotate tab. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 4. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. region patterns. On the Options Bar. as shown. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 8. Line is selected automatically. detail components. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. 1. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Draw panel.7.rvt. click Region > Filled Region. You can add detail lines. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 2. but not strongly. Sections and Elevations s 317 .

5. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . enter Earth. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. Click OK. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Select the upper and right side lines. Click Modify. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 7. For Name. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.

click Load Family. On the Mode panel. On the Place Detail Component tab. the pattern becomes visible. From the Fill Pattern list. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 3. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Click Open. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. click Component > Detail Component. 9. Detail panel. Detail panel.Section. 2. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the filled region may appear as solid fill. If you zoom in closer. select Finish (green check). select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 1.8. On the Annotate tab.rfa.

Click OK. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 5. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.Sections and Elevations .4. In the Specify Types dialog box. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type Selector. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

Using the image below for guidance. 8. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector. 7. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector list. Add another Detail Component. select Plywood.6. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.

This component represents the subflooring. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Component > Detail Component. On the Properties palette. From the Type Selector. 12. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 11. Select the vertical plywood. set the Thickness to 3/4". 10.9. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.Sections and Elevations . You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Click Modify. Place the component similarly to the image below. Use the image below for guidance. select anchor bolt.

Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.13. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Click Modify. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. select Multiple. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component. 14. select Copy.

On the Annotate tab. Save the file.15. select Wide Lines. From the Line Style Selector. Start at the end of the siding. click Detail Line. Detail panel. Add Detail Lines 1. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.Sections and Elevations . 2. 16. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Zoom out.3. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sections and Elevations s 325 .

click Insulation. identified as Wall material 1. Save the file. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Edit in the Structure field. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 10. Detail panel. Click Modify. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 8. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box.6. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. select the Material field in row 3. Select the wall so it highlights. 7. 9. Add Insulation 1. Right-click. 2. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.Sections and Elevations . The wall display updates. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Next. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. On the Annotate tab.

From the Type Selector. click Component > Detail Component. 1. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Your view should resemble the image shown. Detail panel.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. select Break Line. 3.

To complete the detail. and detail components to it. 5. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. 7. In this exercise. The view should resemble the image shown. Save the file. Click Zoom to Fit. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 6. Place the breakline as shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. The Detail Component tool is still active. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.4. You place another breakline. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool.Sections and Elevations . 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail lines. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).

the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 1. weatherproofing. or methods of installation. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.rvt. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 2. The border around the view will disappear. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. With nothing selected in the view. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. s Clear Annotation Crop. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The size of the object is listed first. quantity. To add notes. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.

leader arrow as shown. 7. insulation. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Finally. On the Format panel.Sections and Elevations . Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. click Text. Move the pointer up 11. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 6. As you pull your cursor to the right. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. From the Type list. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 10. 5. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 8. 9. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. On the Annotate tab.4" WEATHERING. Text panel. 12. click Two Segments. R13.

Start the next text at the interior wall. 17. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.13.C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the floorboard. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 19. Start the next text at the baseboard. .C. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. as the second line of text. 16. O. CONT is short for Continuous. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. or wood treated with preservative against rot. is an acronym for On Center. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.TYPE X.. 14. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. 18. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 20.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 15.

Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Note: CONC signifies concrete. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. In this exercise. 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click Modify. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click ENTER to start a second line. 21.Sections and Elevations . Click Zoom to Fit. 23. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .Note: GALV signifies galvanized.rvt..

In the Project Browser. highlight Sheets. section. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 4. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 5. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. The new sheet becomes the current view.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. and locate the detail view on it. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Click New Sheet. Click Open. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Right-click. 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Locate the A-Landscape.rvt. 6. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. click Load. Sections and Elevations s 333 .Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 2. In this exercise. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. or elevation view. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Highlight your title block.

Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Hide Crop Region. Drag it to the right. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View Control Bar.7. close to the crop border. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Click the control at its left end. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Select a Level Line. select view Detail at Foundation. click Show Crop Region. In the Project Browser. 9. 8. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar.Sections and Elevations . Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view.

Click OK.301. 12. s Modified the label values in the title block. Sections and Elevations s 335 . you: s Created a new sheet. In this exercise. highlight the new sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Click Rename. 13. Click Zoom to Fit. 11. For Name.rvt. For Number. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.10. Right-click. enter S. In the Project Browser.

south. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Add material notes. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. When you create a project with a template. The elevation markers are now visible. Select Elevations. 2. Click OK. Open ADA_Elevations.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Right-click. 4. Click the Annotations tab. and west. s Set the display for building components as needed. s Add slope indication for roof. east.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 2. 3. four elevation views are included: north. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 5. s Add any necessary dimensions. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). It is defined by the green dotted line.Sections and Elevations . s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 6.

3. On the Modelling tab. On the Annotations tab. Click OK to exit the dialog box. clear Planting. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Enable the visibility of Levels 6. clear Sections. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Next. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 4.2. On the View Control Bar. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 5.

click to open the list. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 8.Sections and Elevations . click Edit Type. 12. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. modified its display. On the Properties palette. 11. It will be identified as Condo . and modified the wall display characteristics.7. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. Click Zoom to Fit. Select Sand. Select the wall. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes.Exterior Stucco. you activated an elevation view. In the Type Properties dialog box. 13. In Surface Pattern.rvt. select Edit in the Structure field. 9. Click the button that displays to select a material. 10. In this exercise. Select the Material field for Layer 1.

2. 5. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. The size of the object is listed first. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Sections and Elevations s 339 . or methods of installation. Enter TX. Add a note for the stone wall. In the Type Selector. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 4.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Add a note for the foundation. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. quantity. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 3. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.rvt. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region.

In this exercise. Add a note for the brick wall. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . 7. Add a note for the roof.rvt. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9. 8.6.

Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 3. Dimension panel. Click to select the roof line. 6. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 5. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. enter 1/8". select Triangle. For Offset from Reference.rvt. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. click Spot Slope. 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 4. 2. from the Slope Representation list. Click again to locate the slope indicator.

Click Modify. On the Annotate tab.7. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . 10. Dimension panel. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. click Aligned. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 11. Click to select the roof line. 9. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to locate the slope indicator.

rvt.12. select wall breaks and levels. slope indicators. 14. and dimensions for clarity. The west elevation now contains material notes. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 13. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . and vertical dimensions. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. leaders.

3.Sections and Elevations . This view was already defined in the drawing. In the Project Browser. 2.rvt. and cabinetry. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Find Referring Views. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. kitchens. equipment rooms. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Right-click. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Highlight the view. Click Open View. special closets. dimensions. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.

On the Annotate tab. Clear Use Project Settings. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Right-click. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Select Suppress 0 Feet. click OK. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Sections and Elevations s 345 . In the Name box. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 5. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation.4. Dimension panel. 6. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. 7. click Aligned. s s s s Click Duplicate. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line.

9. Using the Text and Dimension tools. In this exercise. 10.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. detail the interior section. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.rvt. You modified a dimension style.

Show the relationships between elements. Cabinetry d. a. 4. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. it depends. The direction the structure is facing. c. s Create slope annotations. Bathrooms and kitchens b. All of the above 5. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Not in Contract c. All of the above. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. d. 2. is always the true orientation. c. Nobody in Charge d. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. True b. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Either one. s Create material annotations. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Create filled regions. Indicate the location of doors and windows. b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Walls c. s Create a section view. General Questions 1. The direction the viewer is facing. False 3. such as north. b. Not in Concrete b.

All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . b and c. East b. c. Sun and Shadow b. Click Add View. South d. b. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. you use: a. The height of the view. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. False 5. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. False 2. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. North 3.Sections and Elevations . True b. but not a 6. The detail level of the view. The Visual Style of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. On the View tab. a. c. d. b. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The dotted line indicates: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The boundaries of the view. True b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. 4. Which elevation is it? a. click Sheet Composition > View. Right-click. d. a. West c. Element properties c.

s Reformat a schedule. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 5.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 2. 3. Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 4. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. After completing this lesson.

but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. such as reference number. engineering. Some of these building objects include. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. about the building objects in your architectural plan. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Engineering. Technology. and thickness. width. To review the list of standards for each lesson.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Schedules s 351 . Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. technology. and Language Arts. height.

Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. There are different types of schedule tables. the same primary information is included. Instance. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. depending on the style of the architectural firm.Schedules . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. However. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Using the software. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. The following image shows door. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . However. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Like schedules. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. E for electrical. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Other letters are P for plumbing. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. and A for appliances. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. hexagon. window. A circle.Schedules . and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.

engineering. materials. s Add room tags. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. equipment. rooms. technology. and math standards. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Engineering. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. hardware. Schedules list items such as doors.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Project templates include preset schedules. Schedules s 355 . s Create a room schedule. Technology. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. s Export a schedule. and you can create your own schedules. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). and Language Arts.

and you set the schedule to display totals. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Schedules .Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.

Select Windows from the list. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Type Mark. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 7. Level. Schedules s 357 . and Width. Add Count. On the View tab. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. select Comments. Click Add. 4. In Available Fields.s Window Tag 5. Continue to add fields to the schedule. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Height. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 6. 3. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.

Click OK to finish the schedule. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . from left to right.8. Select the fields. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules . 9. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.

select Type Mark. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Schedules s 359 . Select Blank Line.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. but without any useful calculations yet. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. From the Sort By list. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 1. On the Properties palette for the schedule view.

The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. in this case). Rather than make a manual calculation. In the Project Browser. select Level. 1. in the Then By sorting field. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 4. Notice how the schedule has changed. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. clear Itemize Every Instance. for Sorting/ Grouping.Schedules . you can have the schedule report this. click Edit. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. click the schedule name. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 2. 3. The schedule still does not show totals by window type.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In the lower left corner of the dialog box. On the Properties palette.

rvt. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. and Totals. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Title. for Sorting/ Grouping. click Edit 7. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. 6. Schedules s 361 . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The totals for each window type now display. Count.5. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. From the list. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. select Footer.

Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 4. On the Home tab. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Open. 5. 2.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Room & Area panel. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room > Room. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. based on the amount of space in each room. Locate the file named Room Tag. Room size. floor type. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. In this exercise. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.Schedules . ceiling type.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 3. occupancy.rvt. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. click Overwrite the Existing Version.

Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 8. 7. 6. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. and in the hall as shown. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room.In the Type Selector. Schedules s 363 . On the Home tab. Room & Area panel. Click Modify to terminate the placement. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. click Room > Room Separation Line. a total of 7.

Place a room tag below the room separation line. 13. s Change the word Room to Manager. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. click Room. s Click the Room text. The room tag updates. On the Room & Area panel. 10. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The area value for Room 7 updates. The cursor changes to sketch mode.9. 11. An edit box activates. Click Modify.Schedules . Select Room #2. 12. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights.

s Tagged various objects.14. for Name. 15. s Added a room separation. you: s Loaded a room tag. In this exercise.rvt. On the Properties palette. enter Sales. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Changed room tag field values. Schedules s 365 . This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.

Create panel. Name. For Name. Click Add--> after each selection. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Click OK. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. The New Schedule dialog box displays. enter Square Footage Report. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In the Available Fields pane. 4. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 6. Create a Room Schedule 1. 2. The completed exercise 5.rvt.Schedules . select Number. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Set the Sort By value to Number.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. and Area to be included in your schedule. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. On the View tab. 3.

8. Change the Heading to No. clear Use Project Settings. Highlight the Area field. s Click Field Format. 10. Select Grand Totals. 9. s Set Alignment to Right. Schedules s 367 . s Set Units to Square Feet. In the Format dialog box. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places.7. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click the Formatting tab. Highlight the Number field. Click OK. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Select Calculate Totals.

368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 12. you: s Created a room schedule.11.rvt. In this exercise.Schedules . Click OK to exit the dialog box. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Totaled one of the columns. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.

The file is created. 6. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 4.txt) file. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Double-click it to open it. 5. Click Save. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Note the formatting that has been applied. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Schedules s 369 . Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.rvt. you export the room schedule to a text file. Click OK. Using your Windows Explorer. Browse to a directory to save your report. On the application menu. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. You can then use this file in other applications. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 2. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. locate the file you created. 3.

370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Close the text file.Schedules . In this exercise. 8.

None of the above. 2. c. d. What is a schedule table? a. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. False Summary/Questions s 371 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Instance 3. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. True b. a. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Export a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Quantity c. True b. a. Questions 1. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Matrix d. s Reformat a schedule. A list of sheets used in a project. s Place a schedule tag. False 4. Type b.

View tab c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Annotate tab b. XLS c. Application menu d. To export a schedule. Manage tab 3. View c. TXT b. Home d. a.Schedules .Revit Architecture Questions 1. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. Modify 2. CSV d. Annotate b. use the ____ . Schedules are created from the ____ tab.

Review Visualization. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .

s Place a camera. you create a walkthrough. s Assign materials. s Create and edit a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Orient walls and windows. s Play a walkthrough.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Math (STEM). Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export a walkthrough. Finally. s Export a DWG file. or camera on a path. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.Visualization . 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Export an FBX file. and Language Arts. s Add planting components. Engineering. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Create a raytrace rendering. Technology. s Apply shading to a view. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

rvt. Assign materials. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Open Unit2_custom_family. s s 2. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You worked on animations. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Click Zoom to Fit. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. To prepare your model for rendering. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 .

Right-click. Select one of the exterior walls. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 5. 4. If you do not see any change in the wall display. The walls now display layers of materials. Stud. 6.Visualization . For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The wall display updates.3. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select any exterior wall. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside.

Right-click. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. In addition to using the control arrows. Select the toposurface object. Click OK. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.7. 10. Visualization s 377 . Select Site: Grass. On the Properties palette. Open the Default 3D view. 8. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. you can: s s s 9. Click Change wall's orientation. Select walls. Repeat the process for the windows.

The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. for Files of type. 2. On the application menu.FBX). you have completed this exercise. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Save the file as Unit10_Export. On the application menu. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 12. Note the file location.rvt.Visualization . Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Open 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. and click Open. This will filter the file list. Export the Model to FBX 1. Depending on your system resources.11. 3. Click OK in any notices and warnings. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. click Import > Import.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. open Unit10_Export. Close the file without saving. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.rvt. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. If necessary. There is no way to update it from Revit. Depending on your system resources. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you have completed this exercise. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 3. click Next. Export the Model to DWG 1. Visualization s 379 . Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 2.4. On the application menu. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Open or return to Revit. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

rvt. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click References > File Link Manager.Visualization . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. In the File Link Manager . Close the File Link Manager. 6.max. On the application menu. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. Click Open. click File. Open or return to Revit. open Unit10_Export. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name.4. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 9. 5. Select two windows as shown. If necessary. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 8. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 7.

Open the 3D view. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 11. Visualization s 381 . Save the export file using the same name as before.10. On the application menu. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the file. In the dialog box. 13. 12. The windows have updated. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

Open the Files tab. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.Visualization . s Oriented walls and windows. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.14. The windows have changed. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Changed a material definition. Open the File Link Manager. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. In this exercise. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. 15. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The linked file updates. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Close the File Link Manager.

On the View tab. add plantings to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.rvt. If you place the camera too close to the model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Camera. change materials. Open the Site view. 2. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. you place a camera in a model. and create a second rendering. generate a rendering. Open Unit10_Export. Create panel. as shown. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. In this exercise. 3.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Place a Camera 1. Visualization s 383 .

s s s s Open a floor plan view. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. On the View Control Bar. If necessary. 6. The camera perspective view opens. Render Setup 1. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 7. Right-click. Click Show Camera. Return to the perspective view.4. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. select Very Few Clouds. The camera will be visible. click Show Rendering Dialog.Visualization . Open the Site view again. 2. 5. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust.

Visualization s 385 . Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Model Site panel. Accept the default settings for Quality. Click Render. click Site Component. s Click Render. 3.30' approximately as shown. On the Massing & Site tab. and Lighting. Open the Site view. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open view 3D View 1. s Click Render to create a new rendered image.3. Enhance the Model 1. Output Settings. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 2.

click Edit Type. In the Materials list. 5. click Edit Type. select Roofing . 4. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. On the Properties palette. click Save to Project. In the Layer 1 Material field.4. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 3.Visualization .Wood Shake. Select an exterior wall. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Rendering dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Revit places the image in its own view. and you can now select elements for editing. click Show the Model. In the Save to Project dialog box. 5. click OK. 6. 2. Select the roof. The model displays in the view. Change Materials 1.

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 9. Click the Render Appearance tab. 8. 7. Click Replace. Visualization s 387 . Select the icon next to Masonry .10. Click Edit in the Structure field.

Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK. The new image is placed in its own view. 14. 15. s Generated and captured a second render image. 12. click Render. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Save the file as Unit10_render. 13. s Created a raytrace setup. s Generated and captured a render image.Visualization . s Placed site planting components in the model. click Save to Project.rvt. s Edited materials in model components. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. Select Masonry .11.Brick Uniform Running Brown. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 16. In this exercise.

Visualization s 389 . The cursor changes to a crosshair. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The camera and path can be edited. s On the View tab. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Each view. click 3d View > Walkthrough. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. or frame. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s Right-click.rvt. s Right-click again. 2. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. s Edit the camera and path. or walkthroughs. Open floor plan view Level 1. and exported individually. In this exercise. in a project model. click to the left of the model as shown. rendered. Open Unit10_render. 4. Create panel. To place a key frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s View the animation in a media player. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Click Zoom Out (2x).

Repeat for all the key frames. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. click Edit Walkthrough. Walkthrough panel. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. The Options Bar changes. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 9. 7. Drag it to the left. The camera is located on the final key frame.Visualization .5. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the direction control for the camera. 10. Walkthrough panel. 8. 6. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 11. click Finish Walkthrough. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. On the Modify | Cameras tab.

Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. If camera positions distort. The path displays control dots at key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. select Path.12. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. 3. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. click Next Key Frame. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Open. 13. From the Controls list. On the Walkthrough panel. 2. Check the view in several key frames. Visualization s 391 .

rvt. In the Length/Format dialog box. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 4. File Name. click OK. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 3. Click OK. 2. Export the Walkthrough 1. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Click Play. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click Save. Revit generates the external AVI file. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. On the application menu. notice where you save the file. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 2.Play the Walkthrough 1.Visualization . In the Video Compression dialog box.

Double-click the new file name. It plays in your media player.5. such as shaded or rendering. Plan your class time accordingly. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6. Visualization s 393 .

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file.7. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model.Visualization . 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. In this exercise.

Demolish 2. s Assign materials. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Align c. you use: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a walkthrough. Questions 1. you use: a. s Export a DWG file. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Apply shading to a view. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. a. True b. Save As > FBX c. s Place a camera. a. s Orient walls and windows. Flip Orientation d. s Create a raytrace rendering. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Export > FBX 3. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Split b. View > Shading d. True b. s Add planting components. True b. s Export an FBX file. False 2. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Play a walkthrough. Print to File b. a. False Summary/Questions s 395 .

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 5. 3. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . beams and braces. In the following exercises. 2. beam systems.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams. you learn how to place structural columns. Review structural columns. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. foundations. 4. and braces. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. beams. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. For example. and other structural elements will be located in a building. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.Structural . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

Structural . Knowing where structural members. walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.

Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Structural s 401 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Math (STEM). Technology. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Create column grids. Place beam systems and braces. After completing this lesson.

Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. On the View Control Bar. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. As with columns.Structural . You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. often mainly glass. In this exercise. 2. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. 1. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. In residential construction. wood. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets.Hide Category. Structural columns can be steel. They come in types defined by size and shape.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Beams connect columns or walls. this is known as post and beam construction. 3. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . or concrete. or reinforced concrete. Select a floor. beams can be steel. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. wood. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Open Deck Framing. click Column > Structural Column. On the Build panel of the Home tab. spans without walls.

On the View Control Bar. Structural s 403 . 8. 7. click Depth. 3A.4. and 4B. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click the edge of the left floor to select it. In the Type Selector. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. On the Options Bar. 6. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 5.

Click OK. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Right-click. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 10. and columns clearly.9. Click Hide In View > Element. Place Beams 1. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). 11. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". double-click view Framing Cutaway. Zoom in so you can see the deck. In the Project Browser. Click OK. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . rail. Open Plan View Deck Framing. The columns are now hidden by the floors.Structural . 2. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

On the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. select Chain. Structure panel. s In the view window. click Beam. To place beams: Structural s 405 . 5. 4. Click. In the Type Selector. On the Structure tab. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall.3.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click.Structural . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 6. On the Properties palette. Click. 7. Click Modify. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Click Modify. click Beam. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. Structural s 407 . 12. In this exercise. click Make Wall Bearing. If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Structure panel. Save the file as Deck Beams.8. 11. 9.rvt. Click on grid intersection B4. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. On the Properties palette. as shown. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click OK. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors.

Structural . 3. Structure panel.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. or number of beams in a bay. click No. you: s Place beam systems. click Pick Supports. 4.rvt. Place Beam Systems 1. click Beam System. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. In this exercise. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. On the Structure tab. Open Deck Beams. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. click Sketch Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. s Place braces. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. 2. The completed exercise 5. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . distance. Open Plan View Deck Framing. This is the direction indicator for the beam system.

click Line. Draw a line on the face of the wall. as shown. Structural s 409 . 7. On the Draw panel. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

s 9. Click Finish.8.Structural . click Finish (green check). Click the beam on Grid 2. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. 10.6". 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel.2". To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s s s On the Draw panel. s s On the Draw panel. click Pick Supports. On the Properties palette. set Elevation to -0'-9". click Create Similar. Trim as necessary. 11. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. click Line. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.

Create panel. In the Project Browser. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Click to place the elevation. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 3. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. unlike regular elevations. On the Structure tab. click Brace. 5. On the View tab. 4. On the View Control Bar. Structural s 411 . It has an automatic work plane. Structure panel. 2.Place Braces 1. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. as shown. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3.

click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 8. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify.Structural .6. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. to start the brace. 9. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the Type Selector. 7.

10. 11. you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise. Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces.rvt.

and walls. The exact location is not critical. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. click in the lower left to start a grid line. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. 2. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. as shown. and section views. You can change a grid number at any time. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s s In the view window. but they can also be angular and radial. In this exercise.Structural . s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Grid datasets. click Grid. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. In plan views. The exact length is not critical. elevation. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. This is a common step early in designing a large building. The numbering automatically increments. Pull the cursor straight up. Datum panel. beams. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1.

Click to place a new grid line. The Grid tool is still active.3. 4. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 .

Press ENTER. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.5. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. click to place the grid line.Structural . The new grid line is number 5. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. The new grid line will be number 3. s Select Grid Line 2. Enter A at the keyboard. 6. 7. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. close to the heads. Repeat to create grid line 4. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Press ENTER. click Copy. Grid 3 is already the selection set. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Pull the cursor to the right. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Pull the cursor to the left. Click to start a grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.

Click outside the bubble to enter the number. The Grid tool is still active. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. This grid line will be number B.1 is still selected. Structural s 417 .1. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Click to place the grid line. s Click Copy. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.8. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. This completes the main grid. Grid 2. 9. 10. On the grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. 11. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. s Select grid 2. Change the number to 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.

On the Options Bar. click Pick. s Click to start the grid line. 4. click Grid. Create panel. In the Radius field. On the Draw panel. enter 15. set Offset to 15'-0". Zoom to Fit. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. 3. click Radius.Structural . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Click in the new grid bubble.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Change the number to EE.000 o . On the Home tab. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click to place the grid head. On the Draw panel. The Grid tool is still active. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. select Center-Ends Arc. s s Click grid intersection D3. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Press ENTER.

7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. 6. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3.5. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Structural s 419 . Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click to place grid FF. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. You will need to identify it easily. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Select grid 3 to show its controls.

s In this exercise. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click in the new grid bubble. Enter 31 to change the name. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Select grid 31.8. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. 11. Press ENTER. s Select grid 3. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.rvt. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.000. Zoom to Fit.Pick Axis.Structural . click Create Similar. Revit will create grid 32. click Mirror . Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click to place the grid line. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s 10. s Click grid intersection D3. 9. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.

Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structure panel. you typically create a grid. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. This is a steel column. s Use a column grid to place beams. In the Type Selector. s Change a grid layout. Structural s 421 . s Add footings to columns. click Column > Structural Column. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Now you place columns at grid intersections. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s 3. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. As a result. 2.

2. A. click At Grids. In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. click Finish. 4. 3. B.Structural .s s On the Options Bar. C and D. 6. On the Multiple panel. set Height to Level 3. 5. 4. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

columns. 5. click On Grids. click Beam. Structural s 423 . On the Multiple panel. click Finish.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 3. Click Grid 1. 2. and beams will move to the right. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 4. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. The grid. Window-select all the grid lines. Open Floor Plan Level 2.

On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 2. 1. Columns and beams will move to the right.Structural . window-select all the columns. click No. Open the Default 3D view. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click Undo. On the Multiple panel. On the Quick Access toolbar. 6. click Isolated. 4. click Finish. Click Redo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Multiple panel. click At Columns. 3.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. In the view window. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.

The footing changes size. in the Type Selector. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Press ESC to clear the column selection. A warning displays. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Structural s 425 . s On the Properties palette. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".5. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Click OK. The footing had been placed at Level 1. 6. 7. To change the size of the footing.

Structural . s Added footings to columns. In this exercise. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams. s Changed a grid layout.8. Save and close the file.

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. using formulas based on physics.

s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. 2. True b. s Use a column grid to place columns. Brace c. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Add footings to columns. s Change a grid layout. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Questions 1. s Place beam systems. All of the above.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Column b. Beam d. s Place braces. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a.

b. d. Stretch b. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you: a. a. 3. If you relocate a grid line. Pick points. Select a beam type and define the system layout. d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. True b. Select the type of beam or column to place. All of the above. 2. A and B. a. False 4. A but not B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it.Structural . When placing columns or beams. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To create a beam system. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Flip Orientation d. To change the height of a column. 5. c. True b. you can: a. you use: a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Properties c.

PE .org Project Lead the Way. Copyright s 431 . Randy Dymond. Mathematics. Susan Harrington . South Division High School. Poway High School.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Smith .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Ltd.Instructor.Teacher.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Starkweather . Poway.Director. Inc. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Executive Director. International Technology Education Association www. Milwaukee.iteaconnect.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. CA Ronald A Williams. WI Roger Dohm . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .

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