Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. intersections. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . the display shows editable distances and angles.

Other building elements such as doors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . furniture. stairs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. roofs. elevation. windows. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and 3D views. floors. You can add building elements in plan.Software Tools . section.

windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved. or at any time after. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown.

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools . In essence.If the left side wall is moved. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Use tools to create building elements from masses.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology. s Place a predefined Mass family. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Technology. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. engineering. and math standards. and Language Arts. s Use the In-Place Mass tool.

or masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. walls. you can create in-place masses. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Masses can be edited in many ways. A designer. roofs. size. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. owner.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.Software Tools . There are mass families available to load into a project. and curtain systems. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and then converted into building components such as floors. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. quickly. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. such as distance requirements from roadways.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . roofs. masses. walls.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson relates to science. and symbol heads. technology. s Explain the use of dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). tags. s Recognize temporary dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. legends. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and Language Arts.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotation includes text notes. and math standards. Technology. engineering.

24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

and permanent dimensions for annotating. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. radial. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular.

z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y. and how other levels change display accordingly.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Open and use ribbon tabs. Math (STEM). you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. engineering. This lesson relates to science. the Type Selector. Engineering.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Software Tools . technology. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Options Bar. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Work with tool buttons. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Language Arts. and math standards. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser.

windows. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Its position is fixed. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. doors. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. and rooms. beams. Display and Navigation s 31 . Some commands will not be active (that is. for instance.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

and text. structural walls.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. slabs. braces. columns. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. detailing. trusses. symbols. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and foundations. Display and Navigation s 33 .

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.Software Tools . Context tabs display as you work. and inquiry. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and parameters.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print. Save.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New. and Close.Software Tools . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Open. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

with four elevation markers visible. sheets. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. and groups. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. families. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules.Software Tools . schedules. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

To toggle the Project Browser on/off. cropping. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . level of detail. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. Windows panel on the ribbon. visual style. rendering (in 3D views). click the User Interface button located on the View tab. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.Software Tools . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. A check mark indicates it is visible.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. sun settings. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. shadow display. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.

Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 . place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. To change the scale of a view. Select the desired view scale from the list. but not at Coarse. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Shaded with Edges. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools . Hidden Line. Hidden Line is the default. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. which can be according to the view.

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The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. along with other display settings. enabling you to select them.Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view.

Manage and Modify. Annotate. Nine tabs are available: Home. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Massing & Site. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Structure. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. To activate or open a view. Display and Navigation s 55 . View. Collaborate. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Insert.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. showing options that you can select while you are working. If you select items in the view window. Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it. When a context tab is active. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Print. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and Publish. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. The application menu contains file management controls. Export. Display and Navigation s 65 . such as File Open. File Save. the application menu. New File.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Click a file name to open that file. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. File Close only appears on the application menu.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The completed exercise 4. make the Home tab active. If you select the menu option. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 3. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Do this for other tabs. To start a new project. On the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. or click New > Project from the application menu. The panel titles display under the tab titles. 2. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Display and Navigation s 67 .

Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 6. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . They disappear when you move the cursor away. and then viewed. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.Software Tools . 7. Select Cycle Through All. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. you opened a project file.5. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. In this exercise. Close the file without saving.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The file opens to a 3D view. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Open quick_start_building_elements. In the Project Browser. doubleclick the view name. 2. Exercise 2.rvt. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.

the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 6. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 7. 8. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type.3. and windows highlight blue. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. . You are selecting everything visible. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Properties palette. doors. Clear Walls and Doors. Click OK. all the walls. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click any interior wall. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 5. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click Filter panel > Filter. 4. The Modify | Walls context tab opens.Software Tools . The Modify | Doors context tab opens.

Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Display and Navigation s 71 . Place a door as shown. click Create panel > Create Similar. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. you opened a project file. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 10.9. On the Properties palette.rvt. In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. On the Modify | Doors context tab. examined the menus and toolbars. 12. Click any door. 11. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.

mechanical equipment). Component families include model objects (furniture. operating settings. Engineering. In the exercises. building elements (walls. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Pan. and views. display controls. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . ceiling plan. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. drafting views. Revit provides floor plan.Software Tools . Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and 3D views using the View menu. templates. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. annotations. Technology. s Load and place component families. and elevation views by default. Math (STEM). System families include levels. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. either predefined or user-created. schedules.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. floors). s Create a new in-place family. and Language Arts. You can create sections. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. lines. s Work with Revit families. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. technology. engineering.

View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Four elevation markers are visible.rvt. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click Zoom to Fit. 3.Exercise: View Controls A building model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. First. Click OK. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Right-click. 2. Click the Annotation Categories tab. There is no way to see everything in it. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Open Unit2_building_elements. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. is an extensive database. There is also a copy in the course datasets.Software Tools . Click Zoom to Fit. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The display changes. Rightclick in the view window. even a small one. VG also opens the dialog box.

In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. click Detail Level. Click Open. Select the roof outline. 5. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Select Detail Level: Medium. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Zoom to Fit. Click and drag the cursor as shown. 7. Right-click. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click. Click Zoom In Region. There are two parts to an elevation. Enter ZF. so be sure to select them both. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall.4. 6. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out.

The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. as before. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties 1. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. doors and windows are not shown. Enter VH. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.8. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.Software Tools . Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. 2. change the Underlay value to None. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Turn off visibility of the elevations. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.

3. Click Rename. Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . click Edit. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Set the cut plane value to 7' .0". the ridge is now visible. Click OK. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Next to View Range. and where the cut plane sits. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. enter Roof. For Name. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. 4. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.

under Solar Study. Set the time to 9:30 am. 3. 5. select Still. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Accept the location that activates. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shading with Edges. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Graphic Display Options 1. select Shadows On. Open Elevation view South. In the Presets list. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen.Software Tools . Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 4. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Winter Solstice. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 2. In the dialog box that opens.

rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update. 6.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

and so on. and families in place. lights. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. floors. windows. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. You add closet doors to interior walls.Software Tools . Build panel. or stand-alone (for example. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. roofs. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Door. Additionally. Doors are considered standard family entities. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. railings. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. s A system family. Open Unit2_views. such as levels. 3. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. These components are called families and there are several different types. Doors. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. commercial. is predefined within Revit. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. standard families. and annotations are examples of standard families. and furniture. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. In Revit. and use a Revit family to place a door. windows.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. furniture). doors and windows are dependent on walls). Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. or institutional structures. and place Revit families. load.rvt. and floors. This exercise illustrates how you locate. you open an existing project file. There are system families. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. On the Home tab. walls. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . furniture. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. 2.

rfa. Click the Doors folder.rvt. If you highlight a door family. Furniture. 4. Family files have a file extension of *. On the Modify | Place Door tab. 5. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. It has a number of different sizes defined. Click Open. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Click Open. Accept the default size. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. and Annotation. Project files have a file extension of *. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. As you move your cursor near any wall. s s 6. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . The Door Insertion tool stays active. Tag panel. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You click to place an instance of the door family. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Locate Double Panel 2.rfa.

9. simply click it. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7. 8.Software Tools . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.rvt. but not strongly. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Place two more instances of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family. Place an instance of the door as shown. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. you located. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . loaded. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.

This door needs to be 48" wide. Click OK. For Name. 4. click Duplicate. 5. Select the double door as shown. enter 48" x 80".rvt. The required width is not available. Open Unit2_doors_walls. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. and create an in-place family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you open an existing project file. modify a door family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 3. 2. Working with Views and Objects s 83 .

and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click OK. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. In the dialog box. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The door updates. 4. Click OK. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 3. is to create a component family in place. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings.Software Tools .6. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. On the Home tab. 2. 5. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. click Component > Model In-Place. enter Hall Clock. For Name. 1. Build panel. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. On the Properties palette. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. select Generic Models. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.

10. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 7. Revit will display . Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .4" as shown. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . loaded. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. as shown. 9. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 8. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. You have created the base of the clock. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. and placed a door family. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". you located. In this exercise.rvt. Click OK. On the Draw panel. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 12. 11.0' 2". The family model updates.2". 13. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.6. click Rectangle.

Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

6. True b. b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Each project has several predefined views. context tabs. Either a or b. load. c. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Change type properties of a family. s Adjust Visual Style Options. a. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. d. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. True b. b. Spin the model in 3D space. 7. and Options Bar. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. s Change view properties. s Change view displays. Views can be renamed. True b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and click Open. To activate a view: a. d. False 5. Create a 3D perspective view. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Open different views. a. s Access. False 4. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Zoom to the entire model. Questions 1. depending on the template selected. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Turn on Shadows. tab. The tool shown is used to: a. and place a family from a library.Software Tools . c. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Create an in-place model family. True b. b. d. c. Right-click. a. a. False 3.

The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . etc. Multiview b. All of the above. A family created within a project is called ________________. Pan and Zoom b. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Parts d.) are called: a. System c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. windows. Properties palette 10. Scroll d.8. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Blocks c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . In-Place d. Standard b. a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. a. depending on settings 9. Families 11. Project Browser d. Rotate c.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

6. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 7. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 5. you will be able to: s Select a project template. Review Revit Architecture setup. 9. 8. 3. s Create a project template. Lesson Plan 1.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Set project units. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 2. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Evaluate Students.

org. should be used. Visit the AIA website at www. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Explain why templates are used. linetypes. Visit the AIAS website at www. linetypes. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .aias. Many cities and counties have their own rules.aia. colors. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. and the settings that are preset within them.Standards and Building Codes . colors. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. based on the AIA standards. After completing this lesson. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Technology. and so forth.org. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. and Language Arts. defining the layers. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

and so on.Standards and Building Codes . The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. A unit is a particular physical quantity. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. windows. one window. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A garage must be completely enclosed. For example. doors. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. the number being its numerical value. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and one closet.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. defined and adopted by convention. a garage. If there is a fire. a bathroom. If it lacks any of these components. and so on. otherwise it is considered a carport. like mechanical drawing. it must have at least one door. it cannot be called a bedroom. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor.

as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. the construction industry still uses the English. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. unit symbol m. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. in the United States.. its value is expressed in the unit meter. However. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. such as room size and wall height. and other materials. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. unit symbol ft. also known as the International System of Units. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Another method is to apply dual notation. is 555 ft. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure.. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. is 169 m.For example. Here h is the physical quantity. glass. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. using imperial units. or imperial. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . In architectural drafting. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. units are applied to dimensions. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object.

dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.) 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. one value representing another value. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Scales are ratios. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. every 1/8" would represent 1'. line weight and pattern. In Revit Architecture. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and viewports. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Each size is designated by a letter. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).Standards and Building Codes .

escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and then add a title block or other symbols. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. site plan. notes Demolition.01. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create and position views. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. elevators. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).01. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . symbols. The integers go from 0 to 9. temporary Schedules Sections. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.a modified version of the AIA standard.

the HVAC company. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. the author of the drawing. the electrician. and other relevant information. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. annotation plot sizes. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and so on. fonts.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. The column is divided into sections. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. and layer standards. followed by information on the building's owner. that is. Typically. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the date drawn. drawing scales. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Usually. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. so that the height is less than the width. The next space is for tracking revisions. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. For example. The paper is oriented landscape. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text.Standards and Building Codes .

Standards and Building Codes s 99 . required symbols. dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. layer settings. title blocks.in the City of San Francisco. and so forth.

windows. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Standards and Building Codes . You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Math (STEM). Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and walls. Technology. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. These can be used to build your model. views.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and Language Arts. dimension styles. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture.

and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

click New > Project. 2. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Condominiums. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . In the New Project dialog box. Open Revit to an empty project file. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Select a Template 1. you use templates as starting points. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. click Browse. factory. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. In Revit. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. On the application menu. you create a new project file using a template. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. apartments. or store.

You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 5.4.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. In this exercise. saving set up time. Select the Residential-Default. Settings s 103 . 6. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Click Open. you started a new project file using a standard template. click Close to close this project without saving. Click OK. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. On the application menu.

s Place the cursor over the left wall. click Wall. In the courseware datasets folder. 3. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The file opens to a 3D view. Press ESC to cancel the wall.rvt. Build panel. 2. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. expand Floor Plans under Views. In the Project Browser. Pull the cursor to the right. open ADA__Settings. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. The Wall tool remains active. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. the drawing setup options are preset. Click to start a new wall. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

) s Select Suppress Training 0's. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. s Set Unit symbol to m. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Close the file without saving. 7. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. 8. 5. click to start a new wall. Place the cursor over the left wall.) 6. Settings s 105 . Click Format for Length. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise.4. and move the cursor right. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.

click Aligned. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Temporary dimensions display when you select. By default. 4. In the Type Properties dialog box. 2. but also control the size and location of objects. For Name. Dimension panel. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 3. dimensions not only display. On the Annotate tab. temporary and permanent. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar.Standards and Building Codes . On the Properties palette. click Duplicate. there are two types of dimensions. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Open ADA_Dimensions.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. enter Big Text. 1. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Click OK. click Edit Type. or insert components.rvt. create. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.

s Click OK twice. Click to place. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.5. Settings s 107 . and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Select the top. left. 6. The Dimension tool is still active. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 7.

8. Click to place the dimension. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. 9. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls. created a new dimension style. The Dimension tool stays active. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Close the file without saving. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. upper.Standards and Building Codes . Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. s s s Select the far left. you opened an existing file.

There are no annotations visible. In the Project Browser. Settings s 109 . In the datasets folder. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. 3. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Notice the door and window tags. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. These are annotations. and the view window displays the new plan.rvt. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In order to do this. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 2.

Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. On the Manage tab. 7. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. select Floor Plan: Level 1. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 5. In the Project Browser. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 1. In the Project Browser. click Project Information.4. 6. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click OK. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click Rename. Model Categories tab. Settings panel. Double-click to open it. 9.Standards and Building Codes . 8. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Click OK to update the display of this view. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Settings s 111 . The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click New Sheet. Enter the address as shown.Add a Sheet 1. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address. Click OK. or supply your own values: Click OK. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 3. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected.) 3. 2. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. click Edit. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. You can also enter the address of your school. Rightclick. 2.

s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . It is automatically filled in when you place your views.4. Click Apply. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 5.Standards and Building Codes . Notice the change to the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Next.

Select Deactivate View. Settings s 113 . 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 4.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view. Click Activate View. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 2. You see the view at the end of your cursor.

The Scale updates in the title block. s Added a sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. you: select it. Close the file without saving. Place the cursor 7.Standards and Building Codes . 6. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. deselect it. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. of the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Finish the move. s Placed a view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.5. The view updates on the sheet.

Select A-11x8.rft.5. Start Revit Architecture. Settings s 115 . A copy of the 11 x 8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5 title block template opens. click New > Titleblock. On the application menu. It opens to the Recent Files window. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 4.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 2. 3. This is one of the longer exercises. Click Open. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. click Save to save the title block.Landscape. 12. 11.rfa. 13. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Right-click. click Close. Add a label for Sheet Number. Add a label for Checked By. Accept the Sample Value. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 10. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. In this exercise. select Drawn By. Save the title block as A . On the application menu. s Accept the Sample Value. you created a title block using a template file. 14. On the Quick Access toolbar. 15. Accept the Sample Value. s Click Add. Accept the Sample Value.9. Your teacher may specify another location.Standards and Building Codes . Click Zoom to Fit.

Highlight the title block and click OK. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. On the View tab. Settings s 125 . 5. click New to create a new project using the default template. 4. you create a new project file. Locate your title block. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Your title block is now displayed in the list. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Insert a Title Block 1. 2. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. The title block appears in the graphics window. In the Recent Files window.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. 3. and then load a custom title block into your project.

The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 3. you a created a new project file. Click OK. 4. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Select the title block. Click Zoom to Fit. enter your instructor's name. Click OK. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. click Project Information. enter your name. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. On the Manage tab. In this exercise. 6. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. On the Properties palette. Settings panel. s For Checked By. s For Drawn By. enter Student Project Unit 3. 2.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 5.

s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. In this exercise. such as 3D and plan views. and then load them like families. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. and geometry from the template. On the Insert tab. in addition to predefined wall types. 1. Create a Template In this exercise. 2. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. In the New Project dialog box. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. click New > Project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. a dimension style. you create a new project file. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. There are various settings you can define for your template. Click OK. and the units for your custom template. and slope angle. 3. On the application menu. select Project Template. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . including how the rendered image looks. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. angles. you define the title block. settings. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components.

4. Set the units for the template. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 10. Open the title block A . Click the Length field in the Format column. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Annotate tab.Landscape. 9. Next. There will be no visible change. You create a custom dimension style. 7. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Settings panel > Project Units. create a Dimension Style. For Name. On the Manage tab. 6. click Duplicate.Standards and Building Codes .rfa. 8. Click OK. enter 3/16" Verdana. 5. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK twice.

In the Project Browser.11. 15. On the Properties palette. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Select the A . Click OK. 12. Settings s 129 . Click New Sheet. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. 14. Rightclick. select Sheets (All).

Save your project template in your class project folder. Save the file name as A-English template. title block. 17. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style. You can use this template for future projects.rte.16. and units that you defined. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. as well as dimension style and units. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK.

s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. are constantly being developed by the building industry.

A. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. An architect b.02 b. Using AIA Standards. UBC c. s Change lineweight. a. S. 1:32 5.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . AIA b. a. 1:12 c. dimension styles. P. 1:24 d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a. True b. and symbols used in drawing? a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create text. s Create a text style. A unit 4. English c.02 d. s Create a dimension style. is defined as what? a. s Create dimensions. False 3. General Questions 1. Metric d.05 c. s Create a template.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Set units in a file.Standards and Building Codes . s Create a title block. s Change dimension colors. NCTM d. A particular physical quantity. A. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". NCSESA 2. 1:3 b. s Create labels.

Application menu > Properties b. False 6. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. In Revit Architecture. a. True b. a. To change the scale of a view. you use: a. a. Wall midpoints d. To set the units in a project. False Summary/Questions s 133 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. you click: a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False 4. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Application menu > New > Sheet b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. To create a new sheet. Wall centerlines c. By default. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Wall faces b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Point offsets 3. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. dimensions snap to: a.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. you will be able to: s Create a wall.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. 5. 3.

They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. List the different types of occupancy.Walls . Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. After completing this lesson. their construction and materials. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. them. separate.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. or filling in between. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. and protect its interior spaces.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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4. 5. indicating wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.Brick on Mtl. After you create the wall. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Click to set the endpoint. Select Basic Wall: Exterior .) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. To modify a dimension. As you continue to move the cursor. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.3. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Expand the Type Selector list. click it to open an edit field. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Clear the Chain option. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Enter 10. an angular dimension displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Walls s 151 . It will not print. but it disappears when you begin another action. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. a dashed line displays. the dimension updates incrementally. Stud. Select the Single Line option. Notice that a temporary dimension displays.

On the Modify | Walls tab. Select panel. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. click Modify to stop placing walls. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. On the View Control Bar. click the Detail Level icon. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. the controls may sit on top of one another. The wall does not show any internal detail. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Click the wall. Press ENTER. Click to start the next wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Depending on your zoom in the view. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 8.Walls . 7. Create panel. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall.6. enter 7. click Create Similar.

Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical.9. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Walls s 153 . 10. Click Modify. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. no matter where you move the cursor. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Select the right vertical wall. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. release the mouse button to set a new length. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Also. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Notice that two dimensions display. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. an alignment line displays. notice how the wall joins at the corner.

Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. On the Home tab. 15. click Wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 14. Select the lower vertical wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 16. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Repeat.11. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Build panel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Right-click. 13. Sketch the walls as shown. When using the Chain option. Click Cancel. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. This is the same as clicking Modify.Walls . 12.

Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Clear the Chain option. Click Create Similar again. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Walls s 155 . 17. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 20. Click Modify. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.18. After clicking the second end. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Save the project as Unit4_walls. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc.rvt. 19. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".

and extend walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. trim. Click Modify.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 3. fillet. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Both split walls are shown below. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. This exercise illustrates how to split. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.rvt from the previous exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. align. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. you first split the walls at the intersections. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Only part of the wall highlights. To do this. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You now remove the upper right corner.Walls . 4. Split Walls 1. 2.

On the Modify | Walls tab. 3. Walls s 157 . You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Create panel. On the Modify | Wall tab. 5. Click Fillet Arc.Fillet Walls 1. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. click Undo and repeat the steps. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). click Create Similar. select Radius. click Delete. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. If you make a mistake. 4. Enter 5'. Select any wall. This is how you create rounded wall corners. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can also click the flip control. 2. On the Options Bar. Modify panel.

1.Walls . 3. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 2. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Place an interior wall as shown.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. The Wall tool is still active. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. select Basic Wall: Interior . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. You align the wall in the next steps.

The length is not critical. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. clear Chain. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor.4. Pull the cursor straight up. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. such as location lines. You can lock the alignment. Click to create a wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. Walls s 159 . s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.

160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The walls can cross. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.Walls . 5. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 6. 4. This will be the border. Select the two interior walls in turn. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 2. Select the horizontal wall as shown. This will extend to the border. Select the vertical wall as shown. The length is not critical. 3.

align. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. In this exercise. Walls s 161 .rvt.7. and trim. fillet.

and vary in cost. Select the Exterior wall as shown. In the Project Browser.Walls .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 3.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. 1. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. The Modify tool is active by default. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. satisfy different requirements. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 2.

5.4. When you are finished. To edit the structure of the wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 6. Every layer of a wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click Up. Walls s 163 . The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. 7. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. except Core Boundary. For Name. Add two additional layers to the wall. Click Insert twice. Click OK. the wall structure should be as shown. click Edit in the Structure value field. 8. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. has a Function you can edit. s Click Down twice. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. s Select Finish 1 [4]. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure.

select Finishes .Exterior . which displays plan or section views.9. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Material. 10. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. 12. s Set the Material to Wood . s Click the icon that appears at the right. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].Interior Gypsum Wall Board.Stud Layer. s Set the Material to Finishes . Modify the Function. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 11. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 13. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Walls .

16. 15. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Click Apply to update the view. select Medium. From the Detail level list. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings.14. expand the Families branch. 17. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Walls s 165 . select the view name as shown to expose its properties.

You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. From the Type Selector list. In this exercise. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. defined a new wall structure. Right-click 8" Exterior. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . You opened an existing file. 20. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Close the file without saving. 19. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud.18.

Select one of the Exterior . you create and modify vertically compound walls. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. 2. for example. a structural mid-section. Stud walls as shown. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. 3. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. and a decorated interior surface. You can define a wall type with these elements.rvt. wood rails. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top.Brick on Mtl. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . In this exercise. The model opens in a 3D view. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. such as a weatherproof outside surface.

168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Split Region. click Edit. In this exercise. When you split a layer. 2. As indicated in the dialog box title. Wall structures are Type Properties. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. so all instances of this type change. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project.Walls . 5. To define the structure of the wall. in the Structure value field. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. the new regions assume the same material as the original. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You can set the sample height to any value. into regions. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. or you will lose your changes. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. highlight one of the borders. You change the type. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 6. 1. You can split regions into other regions. If not already expanded. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. To split a layer or region vertically. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. either horizontally or vertically.4. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. To split a layer or region horizontally. 8. 7. You can assign different materials to regions.

since both regions are composed of the same layer. 3. Click Merge Regions. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. The upper split disappears. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 4. Click to merge them. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . assign Layer 1. 1. When you merge regions. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.3. 2. Click to split the region into two parts. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. After merge. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to merge the two layers. Prehighlight a border between regions. In this case. Walls s 169 .Brick layer.

vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Next. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 4. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 1. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. In the Edit dialog box. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". instead of down. The dimension text turns blue. Change the value to 12. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. indicating that it is modifiable. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. s Select the split line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. To create a new wall layer. 2. 3. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. you assign the material Masonry Brick . to the next parallel line. 3. After a region is split. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Click again to return to the original position. Press ENTER. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. If you set the split offset down from the top.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5.Walls . the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 2. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Click the temporary dimension text. click Modify. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Click Insert.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior.

6. it highlights in blue in the preview window. All walls of this type have been changed. 5. 9. 10. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Close the file without saving. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. The preview changes appearance. It immediately highlights in blue. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Walls s 171 . Click OK. When a layer is selected in the table. It also shows a thickness value. In this exercise. Modify. as shown.Brick Soldier Course. 8. and Insert Layer tools. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. because it is now the selected layer. Split Region. Merge Region. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click Assign Layers. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Click OK. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.4. Change the Material to Masonry .Brick Soldier Course layer. 7. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region.

s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. earth. installed. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. ducting. and insulation. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . piping. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and protected. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.Walls .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the view. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. and the amount of space you have inside your building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. but also the natural lighting. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the ventilation. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

must be provided by the window being used as an egress. if there is no other escape route. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. the width can be no less than 20".Doors and Windows .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. The height can be no less than 24". 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . ft. An unobstructed opening of 5.

Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. In this unit. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows. s Copy windows. Components such as doors. and Language Arts. move. how to load additional door and window families. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Math (STEM). Technology. engineering. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. you learn how to place doors and windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . s Center a door in a wall. and furniture are defined in family files. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and copy these elements. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Some families are loaded into each empty file. and how to position.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

click Door. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. To flip the door. 3. move the cursor to the right side of the wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Add Doors 1. On the Home tab. To reverse the swing. 2.Doors and Windows . Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Once a door is placed. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. When placing doors in a plan view. Build panel. or 3D view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. elevation view. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. This can be done in a plan view. the door swing would be to the left side. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.

2. Doors and Windows s 189 . This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. click Load Family. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. on the Modify | Place Door tab. With the Door command active. Click Open. except for the Type Selector.Load Families 1. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Mode panel.rfa. Select the door Double-Panel 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". 3. and windows into project files. In order to keep file size small. walls. From the Type Selector list. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. The display does not change.

Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . If necessary. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 5.Doors and Windows . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. From the Type Selector.

use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.6. or by using the swing control arrows. change a temporary dimension. simply click it and enter the correct value. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.rvt.Doors and Windows .

click Modify and select the window. or 3D view. approach the wall from the right side. To reverse the window after performing another operation. From the Type Selector. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. On the Home tab. Build panel. Add Windows 1. 2.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. the outside of the window is to the left side. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. You can place windows in a plan view. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Open Unit5_doors. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. When placing windows in a plan view. click Window. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. elevation view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Doors and Windows . you opened an existing project. 4. Place seven more windows as shown. In this exercise. and placed windows. You do not need to add dimensions. loaded a door family. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.3. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.rvt. 5. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Window tags do not number in sequence. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. placed doors.

click Aligned. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 4. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. you open an existing project file. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Dimension panel. and modify the wall. 2. 3.rvt. window. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. wall. 1. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. On the Annotate tab. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. constrain it to be centered in a wall. place a door. s Align and modify walls. and so on.

Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The door changes location. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align.s s s s Click the left wall. Align Walls 1. The walls are now aligned. Notice the symbol. 2. Click the lock icon to enable it. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. This means that if one wall shifts. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 6. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. 5.Doors and Windows . Click the right wall. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the other wall will remain aligned. Click the center of the door. Select the upper wall first.

Dimensions display below it. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.) The dimension value is now shown. Change the dimension to 16.4. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 197 . The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Clear the EQ Display value. The walls shift and remain aligned. 3. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 5. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.

Save the file as Unit5_aligned.Doors and Windows . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Right-click. you placed a continuous dimension.rvt. 7. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .6.

On the Modify | Windows tab. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. especially if there are many different types. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 4. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Doors and Windows s 199 .Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. In this exercise. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Create panel.rvt. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 2. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 1. click Create Similar.

4. On the Modify | Windows tab. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3.Doors and Windows . 2. The window will change appearance. The window is copied. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Modify panel. click Copy. Select the window you just placed. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Copy Windows 1.

rvt. 6. Click Zoom to Fit.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

flat glass is a recent invention. The stability of glass in response to wind. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

If a room is used for sleeping. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. you learned to: s Place doors. 34" 4. 32" b. General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Place a window. s Position a door or window. Standard b. True b. 32" d. 40" d. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Align a door or window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 30" c. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. False 2. a. 36" c. a. s Copy a door or window. 28" b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . Custom 3. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.

True b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click Door Properties. you: a. Offset c. a. b. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Copy 8. Click Flip Direction. Select the door. False 5. you use ________. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Click the appropriate blue arrows. 4. Clone b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. c. Right-click. Link c. b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the location of a door or window. a. a. 6. a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Duplicate d. To center a door or window in a wall. you use: a.Doors and Windows . Click the appropriate blue arrows. Load c. True b. c. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Click Door Properties. Select the door. Select the door. True b. Load from Library b. d. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. The center snap 7. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Insert d. Properties 3. A reference plane b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. d. Select the door. Use door grips to reposition. a. False 2.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 5.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. s Create railings. s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. Lesson Plan 1. 6. (Student) Evaluate students. 4. Review stairs and railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.

About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Engineering. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Once the actual riser height is determined. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.

This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2".

You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. you will be able to: s Create stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). which includes elevators. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. The riser and run values update accordingly. and spiral stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. You create stairs in a plan view.Stairs and Railings . the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. Technology. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. and Language Arts. or tread. of certain horizontal depth or run. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. ramps. In multistory buildings. You can define straight runs. engineering. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. For safety reasons. Engineering. and stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. As you move the cursor. s Create U-shaped stairs. or vertical circulation. Math (STEM). L-shaped runs with a landing. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Modify stairs. s Add a railing. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. U-shaped stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on.

The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3.rvt. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. From the courseware datasets folder. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. On the Properties palette.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Before you create the stairs. This file is in metric units. you create stairs using a straight run. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This enables you to place the stairs properly. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.

This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. These tools are used to define your stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). In this case. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. you create a straight run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Home tab. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. Click OK to close the dialog box.Stairs and Railings . 5. click Stairs. Run is preselected.4. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Circulation panel.

You can continue to move the cursor up. 7. select Finish (green check). Stairs and Railings s 219 . To change the run dimension. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. and then click to define the run of stairs. You can also enter a distance of 4400. As you move the cursor up.6. Revit displays the number of risers you created. 8. On the Mode panel. 10. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. If you have not fully created the run. the run footprint stops expanding. 9. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Select this intersection point to start your run. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.

rvt. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. and switched to a 3D view. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 12. To avoid overwriting the original file. In this exercise. 13. click application menu > Save As > Project. you created and placed a straight run stair. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.Stairs and Railings .11.

This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Edit panel. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Activate view Floor Plans. 2. Level 1. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. On the Modify tab. click Align. The stair is not centered on the landing. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing.rvt.

The Align command remains active. On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings . select Wall centerlines. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. 5. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly.4. Click the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view. If you have a scroll mouse. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. from the Prefer list. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first.

notice that stairs and railings are separate families. s For Name. Select the stairs. On the Properties palette. As you prehighlight them. In the Project Browser. s Click Duplicate. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 .6. s Click OK. On the Properties palette. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Graphics. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Hover the cursor over the railing. railings were created with the stairs. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. and Dimensions subsections. 8. 9. click Edit Type. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Change Width to 1350. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. enter Lobby Stairs. expand Sections (Building Section). 7.

Lobby Stair View. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Stairs and Railings . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .10.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Select both railings.Cherry s s Click Modify. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.

s Select the stairs (not a railing). 14. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. you change the shape of the stairs. 13. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Zoom in on the stairs. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. The railings change. The stair changes to the run sketch. click Edit Sketch. Click it to select it. In the Type Selector. Delete this line. Mode panel. Next.12. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 .

On the Draw panel. To place the second arc endpoint. s On the Modify panel.15.Stairs and Railings . To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 17. click the left end of the top riser. 19. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Click Modify. 16. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. click Boundary. 18. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Click to place the arc. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.

21. 20. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. Stairs and Railings s 227 . First. select the endpoint of the left boundary. the arc center point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. click Riser. On the Draw panel. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. For the third point. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Next. This will define a rounded first step.

228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. Open the {3D} view to see the results. click Finish.Stairs and Railings .22. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt. 23. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.

For simple railings. Zoom into the landing area as shown. 3. This is typically done in plan view. you need to define a path for the railing. 2. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. s s Sketch a Railing 1. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Therefore. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Click Modify. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you sketch the plan view path. The completed exercise To create a railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. In this case. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.rvt from the previous exercise. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Select the right side railing.

Then. To set the exact distance. You do not need to add dimensions. s s On the Options Bar. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. On the Draw panel. on the Modify | Railings tab. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. click Line. 6.4. Once the railing is selected. edit the temporary dimension. 7. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. 5. Mode panel. select Chain.Stairs and Railings . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. click Edit Path. The dimensions are shown as a guide. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.

9. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete your lines and try again. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.rvt. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. 8. you used sketch tools to create a railing. In this exercise.

click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Create a Reference Plane 1. set the Offset value to 850. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.Stairs and Railings . In a floor plan view. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. s On the Options Bar. 2. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.rvt from the previous exercise. In this exercise. s On the Home tab. Work Plane panel. you create a reference plane. the stairs appear as a U-shape. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

3. 4. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . For Name. Click Edit Type.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. click Stairs. On the Home tab. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Stairs and Railings s 233 . enter Exit Stairs. Pull the cursor straight up. Circulation panel. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click OK twice. 5. change the Width parameter to 900. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 6. Matte 2. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. To start sketching the run.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Dark Gray. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.

Move the pointer to the right. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. with none remaining to be created. 9.7.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. enter 1925. 8. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Click to finish the stair run. Press ENTER.

2. To remove the lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . If you get an error message. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Remove the additional lines. you select Continue to return the sketch.10. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Use Hide/Isolate 1. Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs. 11. click Finish Stairs. On the View Control bar. but they are hidden behind walls. it is because you have overlapping lines. On the Stairs panel. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. You temporarily hide the walls in the view.

3. 2. In this exercise. 3. and to create a U-shaped stair. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.rvt. Reset the Display 1. 4. The walls are now hidden. you learned to create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Select the stairs so they highlight. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. On the View Control Bar. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 6. Zoom in to see your stairs. On the Properties palette. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The exterior walls reappear. This is a multistory stair. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 5. Finally. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.

ramps. and elevators. escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 .

and deliver riders without wait time. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . this openness makes them fire hazards. smoke guards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They cost less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. but they can also be highly decorative. Include landings as required by your local building code.

General Questions 1. 40" 4. 32" c. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 45 degrees c. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. b. False 2. True b. 180 degrees 3. s Create railings. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. 90 degrees d. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 36" d. s Modify stair boundaries. 25 degrees b. a. you learned to: s Create stairs. and all treads should be the same run. 30" b. True b.

Home b. riser lines c. Modify c. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. a. Rectangle c. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. Pick New Host b. Align Railing d.Stairs and Railings .Revit Architecture Questions 1. risers 3. You can apply materials to different stair components. Manage d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. True b. Run. False 6. Fasten Railing 5. risers and treads. Line b. Circle 4. you use the _______ option. a. Treads. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Arc d. that is. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. To create railings on stairs without railings. riser d. Boundary lines. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Insert 2. a. risers b. True b. Attach Railing c. Railings.

Evaluate Students. (Student) 9. (Student) 5. (Student) 10.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 11. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 6. (Discussion) 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. s Place fascia. s Place gutters. Review of roof types. (Student) 7. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 .

242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and downspouts. Calculate the rise.Roofs . and pitch of a sloped roof. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. run. It addresses roof construction. tiles. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. After completing this lesson. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. gutters. roof types. Identify the different roof types. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Technology. and math standards. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. s Shed: A roof with a single slope.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. engineering. s Rake: The inclined. Math (STEM).

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

durability. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. texture. resistance to wind and fire. the roofing pattern. maintenance. About Roofs s 245 . and low maintenance roofing material. and colors. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. Sloped roofs. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. texture. snow. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and sun. and color. both low and steep. the roofing pattern. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. They come in several types. brands.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. maintenance. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. fire-resistant. are designed for shedding water and snow. You can use them for many different applications. and if visible. resulting in at least one textured face. resistance to wind and fire. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and sunlight. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. These are used more often on upscale homes. rot. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and if visible. durability.

Therefore. fiberglass. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. consider such factors as cost. and so forth). s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. reinforced plastic.Roofs . cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. galvanized steel. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. This same roof on a clear. quality. durable. treatment for insects. zinc alloy. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. and insulating capability (R-value). They are fire-resistant. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. and require little maintenance. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. Unfortunately. odor. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. special characteristics (for example. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. or corrugated structural glass. galvanized steel. choose a type that will suit your needs. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation.

The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Roofs . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs.

Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. A number indicates the value of the rise. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. The run value is typically equal to 12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. run. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. where as.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. but the two sides are not symmetrical.

7 on 12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.Roofs . try to specify standard roof pitch.When designing a roof. 7 and 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12. 7-12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Create a roof fascia. To create a roof by face. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. water. you can add gutters. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. snow. you work with massing shapes and not building components. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Assign roof structure and materials. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Roofs s 255 . you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Create various roof types. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. and fascia. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. or eaves. or ice. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. that convey rainwater to drains. soffits. s Create a hip roof. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Place gutters. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Once you create a roof. or roof overhangs.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. often supporting a gutter. dormers. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice.

Roofs .Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). and math standards. Engineering. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . engineering. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

rvt.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 2. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. select the Name option. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Click OK to continue. To create an extruded roof. 4.. you create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. Open ADA_Roofs.

2. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. On the Work Plane panel. In the Go To View dialog box. 4. 3. s Use the image below for guidance. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Draw panel. click Ref Plane. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". The section view should display as shown. Click Open View. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Section: Section 1. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Line. Before sketching the roof's profile. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch.Roofs . 6. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar.5. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open.

5. Roofs s 259 . s Click the EQ toggle. s Select the new dimension. Using the image below for guidance. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. sketch from right to left along the Level line.6. s Click Modify. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value.

Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. you can label them. Click OK. for Name. click Finish (green check). click Chain. The name displays when you select the reference plane.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click Modify. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 4. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. click Line. enter Horizontal. 6. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Mode panel. 7.Roofs . Right-click. 3. s On the Options Bar. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 2. 1. On the Properties palette. 5.

Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view. 9.12" type. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Roofs s 261 .8.

Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the edge of the roof as shown. click Join/Unjoin Roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 3. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Using the images for guidance. This is a two-step process. 2. 1.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. On the Modify tab.Roofs . carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Edit Geometry panel.

On the Options Bar. select Attach Wall: Top. click Attach: Top/ Base. In the Project Browser. Trim Walls 1.4. Select the roof. To select both walls together. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select both walls. 2. open the view Sections: Section 1. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . 3. On the Modify Wall panel. However.

In this exercise. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. The roof now looks correct. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.rvt.

You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Because you are in a 3D view. On the Home tab.rvt. a dialog box is displayed. The inner loops define openings in the roof. so you look straight down as in a plan. From the drop-down list. Unit7_first_roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. by Footprint. select Garage Roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . In this exercise. you create a gable roof using a footprint. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. 4. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 3. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. 1.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. from existing walls. Click Yes. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Build panel. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on.

To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option. Next. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .Roofs . 6. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. If you place a line on the wrong side. click Defines Slope. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s On Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 7. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Use the image below for guidance. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5.0". select the vertical wall on the left. click Pick Walls. 8.

That value displays next to the slope arrow. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. change the value to 6"/12". Change this value to 6"/12".Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. By default. click Yes. Click the 9"/12" text. Select the left slope defining line. Other controls also display. The new roof displays. Click Modify. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Finish. defining lines separately. 2. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. To complete the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. It becomes an editable field. Roofs s 267 . 1. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Select the right side roof line. 3.

Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. In this exercise. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.Roofs . 5.rvt. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4.

The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. On Home tab. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Roofs s 269 . On the Options Bar. When all of the walls prehighlight. set the overhang to 1' 0". 3. To chain-select all of the walls.rvt. click to select them.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Clear Defines Slope. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Build panel. 4. 2. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. The file opens to a 3D view.

4. click Rectangle. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Using the image for guidance. 2. 3. On the Draw panel. verify the 0' 0" Offset.Roofs . As an alternate. Zoom into the chimney area. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. On the Options Bar. Right-click.Create a Roof Opening 1. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.

4. click Yes. 6. 2. As in the previous exercise.Add Slope Lines 1. The slope indicator displays. select Defines Slope. 3. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Select the uppermost. horizontal line. Select the left lower horizontal line. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. Click Finish. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Roofs s 271 . 5. Click Modify.

and chimney penetration. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.Roofs . 8.7. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.rvt. attached walls. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Build panel. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 2. you create a hip roof. Roofs s 273 . 3. On the Options Bar. Create the Roof 1. 5.0". Zoom into the area shown.rvt. The file should open to a 3D view. set Overhang to 2' . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls shown in the image. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 4. Select Defines Slope.

0". Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.Roofs . Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. On the Properties palette. s s Clear Defines Slope. In addition. s On the Draw panel. Click Finish to complete the roof.7. Right-click the ViewCube. Switch to a 3D View. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 2. Raise the Roof 1. 6. 3. To close the roof sketch. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Click OK. you use the Line tool. click Line.

Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt.2. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 2. 4.rvt. 5. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Pick Walls. On the Draw panel. 6. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Clear Defines Slope. Create a Shed Roof 1. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. click Line. 7. 3. Roofs s 277 . Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.

9. Click Modify. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Right-click the line. Select the lower. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 10. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Set the Offset to 0' 0".Roofs . On the Properties palette. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. horizontal line at the front of the roof.8. 12. 13. 11. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

16.rvt. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 18. In this exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 15. Switch to a 3D view.14. Finish the Roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Roofs s 279 . Click OK. 17. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. click Yes.

On the Properties palette. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 2. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. You see four levels defined in the model. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. select Level 3. 3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.Roofs . Activate the view North Elevation. The roof updates. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 5. On the menu bar. Cutoff Level list.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 4. Select the Roof. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Open the Default 3D view.

Roofs s 281 . 10. 11. On the Home tab. set the slope value to 3"/12". In this exercise. Finish the Roof. 7. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. On the Options Bar.rvt. 9. click Pick Lines. Zoom and spin to see your model.6. 13. On the Draw panel. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. To set the slope for the new roof. select Defines Slope. 8. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 12. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Switch to a 3D View. on the Properties palette.

Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 2. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.rvt. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view. Select the main roof over the house.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.Roofs . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 1. thereby reducing energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. In the Type Selector. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 3.

Select the roof over the garage. For Structure Value. For Name.Define a Roof Structure 1. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. enter Clay Tile. Roofs s 283 . Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Select Layer 2 as shown. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Duplicate. s Click OK. 5. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 3. Click Insert to add a layer. 2. click Edit. It is a generic roof type.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".rvt. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.s s s In the Materials dialog box. s Click OK. The garage roof displays a pattern. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 6. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.Roofs . s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Click OK twice. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 7. In this exercise. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 8. Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Model. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

On the Insert tab. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Roofs s 285 .Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. In this exercise. Click Open. 2. On the Home tab.rvt. click Roof > Fascia. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. In the Open dialog box. or for decoration. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rfa. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 3. 4. to support a gutter.

In the Type Properties dialog box. Matte.Roofs . For Name. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. for Profile. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.Paint Finish Ivory. Set the Material value to Metal . s Click OK to exit the dialog box. click Edit Type. Click OK.5. 6. Click Duplicate.

Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. Roofs s 287 . 9. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. you defined and applied a roof fascia.rvt. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise.

Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 5. click Roof > Gutter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. Click OK. select Gutter . To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 6. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 2. On the Home tab. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. under Profile parameter. click Edit Type. select Metal Aluminum. The completed exercise 4. Under Material parameter.Bevel: 5" x 5". 3. Click OK. you add gutters to a building.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.rvt. s Click Duplicate.Roofs . Place Gutters In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view.

rvt. In this exercise. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 9. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Roofs s 289 .7. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. you attached gutters to a roof. If you click the interior face. 8. 11. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Segments will clean up at corners. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 10. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.

water.Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.

what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. High d. Shed 4. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. When referring to roof slope. None of the above 3. Hip c. Gable b. a. Medium c. Low b. a. True b. a. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. General Questions 1. s Place fascia. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. True b. Gambrel d. s Place gutters. the run is always 12.Roofs .

False 5. Face 3. 10. False Summary/Questions s 293 . A compound roof contains layers. a. face b. Footprint b. False 7. a. Expand/Contract 6. Material 8. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Roofs can be created using ______. Turn slopes on or off. b. extrusion. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Footprint b. Add Slope b. ENTER 4. Defines Slope c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. SHIFT c. extrusion. profile 2. c. sketch. To add a slope to a roofline. True b. Sketch c. Change the direction of the roof. a. Sketch. True b. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. d. Footprint. place a check mark next to: a. Walls d. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Trim/Extend b. Walls. a. ______ or _______. a. Create an opening. Cut/Lengthen c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. DEL d. profile. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. a. Footprint. lines c. Extrusion d. True b. Slope c. Change the direction of the slope. Create Slope d. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Activate Slope 9. TAB b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. pick d.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Create slope annotations. s Create filled regions. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create material annotations.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.

Sections and Elevations . interior elevations may be used to show display cases. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. and tool racks. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . bathrooms. In a commercial structure. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and special equipment. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. After completing this lesson. the kitchen. In a residential building. Sections are used to examine the roof. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. floor. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. cabinetry. the location of special equipment.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Technology. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. engineering. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Engineering.

Sections and Elevations . s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and foundation plans. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. framing. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. on the long axis of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. across its narrower dimension. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. t Cross or transverse sections. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. and are properly cross-referenced. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. full. partial. and steel.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. For larger elevations. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. such as doors and windows. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s The position relationship between different elements.

About Sections and Elevations s 303 . followed by any additional information about spacing. For a wood structure. South. bushes. Unnecessary Information Shades. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. and so forth. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. however. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The size of the object is listed first." Mfr.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. You may. quantity. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Therefore. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. For example. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. For siding. shadows. cars. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. or methods of installation. people. the titles assigned (North. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and then the name of the material. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. East. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. With interior elevations. this is reversed. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking.

The trim is usually glued into place. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. other openings. It can also be used around doorways and windows. chamfers. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. doors. coving. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl.Sections and Elevations . Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". and other appliances. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. tile. This is more costly than regular overlay. and types of finish materials used. dishwashers. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. wood. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. and special equipment such as toilets. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and materials used. or decorative patterns. shelf arrangements. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. It may have curves. flush overlay. which is a formed pressboard. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. windows. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. or linoleum) and the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. or MDF.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". doors and direction of door swings. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Hinges are concealed. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is usually done using a topset. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Molding is usually made of plaster. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. and lip. or a baseboard. casements.

s Change the section head. s Place a section view on a sheet. which you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create an interior elevation. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. and a section symbol on all plans. s Add slope annotations. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to a detail section. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.

and Language Arts. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Once created. like an elevation. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. technology. and math standards. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM).Sections and Elevations . To review the list of standards for each lesson. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. A section is a horizontal view. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

provided its crop region intersects the view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. elevation. Sections and Elevations s 307 .Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. For example. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. or other section view.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you can more closely control what displays in the section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations . When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region.

Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Once you create the detail section. In the example shown. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. In a set of construction documents. s Add detail notes. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Add breaklines as needed. The slope is the ratio rise:run. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. such as anchor bolts and siding. So. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. tracing over the existing elements. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. s Add structural details. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Details are crucial for effective construction.

Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch.

Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the file ADA_Sections. On the View tab.rvt. Create panel. 3. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 2. The completed exercise 6. click Section. The file opens to a 3D view. Create a Section View 1. 4. The Section command is available from the View tab. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.

s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. 2. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. On the Properties palette. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. and it has control grips to resize it. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. With the section line selected. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.Sections and Elevations . The actual location is not critical. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. 3. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Section Properties 1. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. This is called the crop region.

The view is listed in your Project Browser. 6. In the Properties palette. you automatically created a section view. When you drew the section line. Clear Crop Region Visible.rvt. 7. 8. The section view updates. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 5. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. In this exercise.4. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible.

6.Filled. click Load Family.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. In this exercise. Several section head families are available.1 point Filled. 7. On the Insert tab. Section Head . On the Manage tab. For Name. Select Section Head-Open. 5.rvt.rfa. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Click OK. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.No Arrow. and Section Head . 3. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. 4. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Open to load the family. Settings panel.Sections and Elevations . The view does not change. enter Open Arrow. They include Section Head . you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Load from Library panel. 2.

9. enter Open Arrow. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 10.Open. Click Duplicate. 11. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK. For Section Head.rvt. select Open Arrow. Click OK. For Name. The section head updates to the new head type. click Edit Type. 14. 12.8. Select the section line. On the Properties palette. In the Section Tag field. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. In this exercise. 13. select Section Head .

Use the image below for guidance. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. select the border of the callout. 3. 4. Create panel. This is a building section. On the View tab. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Sections and Elevations . set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 2. On the Options Bar. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. To reposition the callout head. click Callout. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 6. 5.

Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. On the Draw panel.rvt. On the Properties palette. Line is selected automatically.7. You can add detail lines. select Chain. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 4. 3. Detail panel. 1. On the Annotate tab. region patterns. as shown. 8. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Sections and Elevations s 317 . detail components. click Region > Filled Region. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Options Bar. but not strongly. 2.

click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click OK. For Name. enter Earth. Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. 7. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Select the upper and right side lines. 6. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.5.

click Load Family. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 2. click Component > Detail Component. Click Open. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Mode panel. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Click OK. select Finish (green check).rfa. If you zoom in closer. On the Annotate tab. 3. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Section. 9. Detail panel.8. On the Place Detail Component tab. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. From the Fill Pattern list. the pattern becomes visible. 1.

Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.4. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Specify Types dialog box. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. 5. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. From the Type Selector.

select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Move it after placement if necessary. 7. From the Type Selector. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Plywood. Using the image below for guidance.6. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Add another Detail Component. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 8. From the Type Selector list. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.

Use the image below for guidance. select anchor bolt. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 10. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 12. Click Component > Detail Component. Place the component similarly to the image below. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. On the Properties palette. The exact vertical placement is not critical.Sections and Elevations . Select the vertical plywood. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Click Modify. set the Thickness to 3/4". From the Type Selector. 11. This component represents the subflooring.9.

select Lap Siding. select Multiple. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. Use the image below for guidance. 14. Add another Detail Component. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Copy. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 .13.

select Wide Lines. From the Line Style Selector. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. click Detail Line.15. Add Detail Lines 1. Start at the end of the siding. On the Annotate tab. 2. Detail panel. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 16.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 4. 5. Still using Wide Lines.3. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out.

9. 2. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Add Insulation 1. Click Modify. Detail panel. Click Edit in the Structure field. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area.6. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Right-click. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. On the Annotate tab. 7. The wall display updates. identified as Wall material 1. select the Material field in row 3. Select the wall so it highlights. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . 10. click Insulation. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Next. 8.

click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector. 1. Your view should resemble the image shown. Sections and Elevations s 327 . select Break Line.2. Detail panel. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown.

In this exercise. and detail components to it. Place the breakline as shown. detail lines. To complete the detail. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view.4. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 6. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Save the file. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).Sections and Elevations . The Detail Component tool is still active. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. You place another breakline. The view should resemble the image shown.

and ventilation methods in construction documents. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 3. The size of the object is listed first. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. weatherproofing. s Clear Annotation Crop. quantity. The border around the view will disappear. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. or methods of installation. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. To add notes.rvt. 2. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. With nothing selected in the view. 1. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA).

7. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.4. R13. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 8. click Two Segments. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 6. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 10.4" WEATHERING. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. As you pull your cursor to the right. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Move the pointer up 11. From the Type list. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Finally. 5. click Text. On the Format panel. leader arrow as shown. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . 12. 9. On the Annotate tab. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. insulation. Text panel. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .

Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the interior wall. 14. 16. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. . and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. 15.TYPE X. 20. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 5/8" GWB .13. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.. 19. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 17. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. is an acronym for On Center. Click off the text to finish the entry. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.C. CONT is short for Continuous. as the second line of text.. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. O.C. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.C. 18. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the baseboard.

22. 21. 23.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Note: CONC signifies concrete. In this exercise. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click Modify. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click ENTER to start a second line.rvt. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations .

The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Locate the A-Landscape. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. In this exercise. you will want to add the views to a sheet.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 3. 6. 4. section. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Right-click. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Project Browser. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click Open.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. highlight Sheets. 2. or elevation view. 5.rvt. click Load. Highlight your title block. The new sheet becomes the current view. Click New Sheet. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. and locate the detail view on it.

7. Click the control at its left end. Drag it to the right. close to the crop border. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. click Hide Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Show Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select view Detail at Foundation. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view.Sections and Elevations . Select a Level Line. 9. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 8.

Click Rename. 13.rvt.10. 12. In the Project Browser. you: s Created a new sheet. enter S. Click Zoom to Fit.301. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. 11. Sections and Elevations s 335 . For Number. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Right-click. In this exercise. highlight the new sheet. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Click OK. For Name. s Modified the label values in the title block.

2. s Set the display for building components as needed. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. south. Click the Annotations tab. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 2.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation markers are now visible. 5. Select Elevations. 3. and west. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. s Add any necessary dimensions. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. four elevation views are included: north. Click OK. 4. It is defined by the green dotted line.Sections and Elevations . Right-click. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Add slope indication for roof. When you create a project with a template. 6. east. Open ADA_Elevations. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. s Add material notes. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).rvt located in the courseware datasets folder.

3. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Planting. Next.2. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 4. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 5. On the Annotations tab. clear Sections. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. On the View Control Bar. On the Modelling tab.

In the Type Properties dialog box. you activated an elevation view. Select the Material field for Layer 1. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 11.Exterior Stucco. 13. Select the wall. Select Sand. 8. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. select Edit in the Structure field. 12. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 10.rvt. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. click to open the list.Sections and Elevations . and modified the wall display characteristics. 9. Click the button that displays to select a material.7. In Surface Pattern. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. It will be identified as Condo . modified its display.

If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 4. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Enter TX. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Add a note for the foundation. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. The size of the object is listed first. or methods of installation. 5. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. quantity. In the Type Selector. 2.rvt. Add a note for the stone wall.

6. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. In this exercise. Add a note for the roof. 9.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the exterior stucco. 7.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.

Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. On the Annotate tab. 4. For Offset from Reference. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 1. click Spot Slope. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Options Bar. 2. 6. select Triangle. Sections and Elevations s 341 . The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 3. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Dimension panel. 5. enter 1/8". Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.rvt. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. from the Slope Representation list. Click to select the roof line.

11. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click to locate the slope indicator. Click to select the roof line. 9.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 10. click Aligned. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click Modify. Dimension panel.7.

rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. and vertical dimensions. 13. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 14. To create a continuous dimension as shown. leaders. slope indicators. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. The west elevation now contains material notes. select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. Arrange notes. and dimensions for clarity. Sections and Elevations s 343 .12.

kitchens. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. 2.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. dimensions. In this exercise. This view was already defined in the drawing. special closets. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Highlight the view.rvt. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Click Open View. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. In the Project Browser. Click Find Referring Views. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. and cabinetry. 3. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Right-click. equipment rooms.Sections and Elevations . 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

6. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. 7. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Select Suppress 0 Feet. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Sections and Elevations s 345 . You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Dimension panel. Click the value field for Units Format 8. s s s s Click Duplicate. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. click OK.4. 5. Right-click. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Clear Use Project Settings. click Aligned.

You modified a dimension style. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.9.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail the interior section. Using the Text and Dimension tools. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.rvt. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 10.

General Questions 1. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 4. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. b. d. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Indicate the location of doors and windows.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Not in Concrete b. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The direction the viewer is facing. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Create a section view. 2. False 3. c. a. All of the above 5. c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The direction the structure is facing. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Show the relationships between elements. Walls c. s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations. Cabinetry d. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. All of the above. such as north. is always the true orientation. True b. Either one. b. Nobody in Charge d. Not in Contract c. it depends.

Revit Architecture Questions 1. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The Visual Style of the view. b. North 3. The height of the view. c. The detail level of the view. False 2. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. b. True b. Sun and Shadow b. you use: a. South d. True b. click Sheet Composition > View. The boundaries of the view. Click Add View.Sections and Elevations . d. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. West c. 4. Element properties c. Right-click. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. East b. Which elevation is it? a. b and c. but not a 6. a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. On the View tab. False 5. c. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. a. The dotted line indicates: a. d.

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. s Reformat a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 4. 3. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Schedules.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. s Load a schedule tag. 2. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 6.

you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and thickness. Some of these building objects include. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. About Schedules s 351 . Math (STEM). width. This lesson relates to science. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. such as reference number. and math standards. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Technology. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. height. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. technology. Engineering.

Instance. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. There are different types of schedule tables. However. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules . The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. depending on the style of the architectural firm. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. hexagon. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . window. However. E for electrical.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. The following image shows door. Using the software. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. and A for appliances.Schedules . Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Other letters are P for plumbing. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). A circle. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Like schedules.

windows. and Language Arts. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. equipment. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules s 355 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and you can create your own schedules. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. hardware. rooms. technology. Schedules list items such as doors. Project templates include preset schedules. and math standards. engineering. materials. Technology. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Add room tags. s Export a schedule. s Create a room schedule.

This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Schedules .rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.

click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. On the View tab. Schedules s 357 .s Window Tag 5. Select Windows from the list. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Click Add. and Width. Level. Add Count. select Comments. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 3. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 6. Height. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. 7. In Available Fields. 4. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Type Mark.

Click OK to finish the schedule. from left to right. 9. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Select the fields.8. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.

On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Schedules s 359 . The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1. but without any useful calculations yet. 3. From the Sort By list. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Select Blank Line. select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.

Schedules . click the schedule name. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in this case). Notice how the schedule has changed. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. click Edit. select Level. 1. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. you can have the schedule report this. In order to calculate the total number of windows. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 2. Rather than make a manual calculation. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . clear Itemize Every Instance. in the Then By sorting field. for Sorting/ Grouping. 4.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately.

Save as Unit9_window_schedule. 6. and Totals. click Edit 7. select Footer. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.rvt. The totals for each window type now display. Count. for Sorting/ Grouping. From the list. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Set the schedule to display category totals.5. select Title. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Schedules s 361 . you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. In this exercise. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.

5. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. occupancy. On the Home tab.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Open ADA_Room_Tags. ceiling type. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Locate the file named Room Tag. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. In this exercise. Room & Area panel. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Click Open. 4. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. 2. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. click Room > Room.Schedules .rvt. floor type. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . based on the amount of space in each room.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. click Overwrite the Existing Version. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Room size.

click Room > Room Separation Line. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. On the Home tab. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown. 6. 8. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Schedules s 363 . a total of 7. 7.

Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 13. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 10.9. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 11. The area value for Room 7 updates. click Room. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Select Room #2. s Click the Room text. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Change the word Room to Manager.Schedules . Click Modify. An edit box activates. On the Room & Area panel. The room tag updates. 12.

14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.rvt. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. you: s Loaded a room tag. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Added a room separation. enter Sales. s Changed room tag field values. for Name. s Tagged various objects. 15. Schedules s 365 . In this exercise. On the Properties palette.

On the View tab. The completed exercise 5. 4. Create a Room Schedule 1.Schedules . enter Square Footage Report. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 3. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. In the Available Fields pane. For Name. and Area to be included in your schedule. 2. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click OK. Create panel.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Click Add--> after each selection. select Number. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 6. Set the Sort By value to Number. Name. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.

s Set Alignment to Right. s Set Units to Square Feet. 9. 8. 10. Select Grand Totals. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. clear Use Project Settings. Select Title and Totals from the list. Highlight the Number field. In the Format dialog box. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click the Formatting tab. Click OK. Highlight the Area field. Schedules s 367 . s Click Field Format. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Change the Heading to No. s Select Calculate Totals.7.

11. 12.rvt. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. In this exercise. you: s Created a room schedule.Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Totaled one of the columns.

Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 6. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. You can then use this file in other applications. you export the room schedule to a text file. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Browse to a directory to save your report. 4.txt) file. Double-click it to open it.rvt. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The file is created. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Click OK. 5. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Note the formatting that has been applied. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Click Save. locate the file you created. Schedules s 369 . Using your Windows Explorer. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. On the application menu. 3. 2. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise.

8. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Close the text file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.7. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. In this exercise.

a. Instance 3. s Place a schedule tag. None of the above. Questions 1. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Matrix d. False 4. b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. s Export a schedule. c. True b. a. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Quantity c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. What is a schedule table? a. A list of sheets used in a project. Type b. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. d. 2. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. True b. s Load a schedule tag.

Revit Architecture Questions 1. Modify 2. a. a. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. View tab c. Manage tab 3. View c. XLS c. Home d. CSV d. use the ____ .Schedules . Annotate b. Annotate tab b. TXT b. To export a schedule. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Application menu d.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 5. 4. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Review Visualization.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 3.

s Apply shading to a view. s Create a raytrace rendering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Export a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Orient walls and windows. or camera on a path.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. After completing this lesson. s Play a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Engineering. Technology. The animation file can be played in any media player. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. and Language Arts.Visualization . s Export a DWG file. s Assign materials. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Finally. s Place a camera. s Export an FBX file. s Add planting components. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

To prepare your model for rendering. s s 2.rvt. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You worked on animations. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s Make a camera view the active view. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Open Floor Plan View Level 1. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Click Zoom to Fit. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Unit2_custom_family.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets.

Right-click. 4. The wall display updates. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 5. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 6. The walls now display layers of materials. Stud. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select any exterior wall. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you do not see any change in the wall display. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.3.Visualization .

Click OK. Visualization s 377 . Select Site: Grass. On the Properties palette. Repeat the process for the windows. Select the toposurface object.7. 10. Click Change wall's orientation. Right-click. 8. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. In addition to using the control arrows. Select walls. you can: s s s 9. Open the Default 3D view.

Visualization . Export the Model to FBX 1. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 12. you have completed this exercise. This will filter the file list. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design.rvt. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. 3. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Save the file as Unit10_Export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. On the application menu.FBX). Open 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Select the Roof. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. for Files of type. Depending on your system resources. click Import > Import. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view.11. Select the file name. click Export > FBX. and click Open. 2. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Note the file location. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

If necessary. On the application menu. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Export the Model to DWG 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.rvt. Close the file without saving. Open or return to Revit. There is no way to update it from Revit. you have completed this exercise. Note the file location. Visualization s 379 . open Unit10_Export. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 2. Depending on your system resources. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.4. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. click Next. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 3.

Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click File. click Attach This File.Visualization . In the File Link Manager . Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. open Unit10_Export. Open or return to Revit. Close the File Link Manager. Click Open. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 7.4. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Select two windows as shown. 6. On the application menu. Open 3ds Max Design. click References > File Link Manager. 8. 9.rvt.max. Select the file name. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. If necessary.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before.10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 13. Save the export file using the same name as before. The windows have updated. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 12. 11. On the application menu. Save the file. Open the 3D view. In the dialog box. Visualization s 381 .

Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Changed a material definition. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise. The linked file updates. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click Reload. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.14. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. 15.Visualization . Open the Files tab. The windows have changed. s Close the File Link Manager.

On the View tab. Visualization s 383 . The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. as shown. 3. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. change materials. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you place a camera in a model. Create panel. generate a rendering.rvt. 2. Place a Camera 1. Open Unit10_Export. In this exercise. add plantings to the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. click Camera. Open the Site view. and create a second rendering. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. If you place the camera too close to the model.

Render Setup 1. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Return to the perspective view. 6.4.Visualization . Right-click. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 7. click Show Rendering Dialog. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Click Show Camera. 5. On the View Control Bar. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Open the Site view again. The camera will be visible. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. The camera perspective view opens. If necessary. 2. select Very Few Clouds. s s s s Open a floor plan view.

On the Massing & Site tab. 2. Model Site panel. click Site Component. Open the Site view. Open view 3D View 1. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Click Render.30' approximately as shown. Accept the default settings for Quality. 3. Visualization s 385 . Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Enhance the Model 1. s Click Render.3. and Lighting. Output Settings. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary.

and you can now select elements for editing. Select the roof. In the Rendering dialog box. 5. On the Properties palette. In the Materials list. Select an exterior wall.4. click Save to Project. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The model displays in the view. click Edit Type. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. 3. select Roofing . 4.Visualization .Wood Shake. click Edit Type. 6. In the Layer 1 Material field. Revit places the image in its own view. In the Save to Project dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 2. Change Materials 1. 5. Click Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. click OK. click Show the Model.

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Edit in the Structure field. 7. 9. Select the icon next to Masonry .10. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace. 8.

click Render. 12. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 13. s Created a raytrace setup.rvt. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. In this exercise. Click OK. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 15. click Save to Project. s Edited materials in model components. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 14. s Generated and captured a render image. Select Masonry . s Generated and captured a second render image. Save the file as Unit10_render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. The new image is placed in its own view.11.Visualization . 16.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Placed site planting components in the model.

The camera and path can be edited. and exported individually. The cursor changes to a crosshair. To place a key frame. s On the View tab.rvt. s Right-click again. in a project model. Open floor plan view Level 1. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. s Right-click. Create panel. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. s Edit the camera and path. rendered. 3. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. Click Zoom Out (2x). click 3d View > Walkthrough. Click Zoom to Fit. s View the animation in a media player. Each view. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. In this exercise. click to the left of the model as shown. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. 4. or walkthroughs. Visualization s 389 . The Options Bar displays walkthrough options.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open Unit10_render. 2. or frame.

9. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Select the direction control for the camera. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Drag it to the left. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel.Visualization . click Finish Walkthrough. The camera is located on the final key frame. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Repeat for all the key frames. 11.5. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 10. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Walkthrough panel. 6. The Options Bar changes. click Edit Walkthrough. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 8. 7.

Click Open. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Edit Walkthrough. If camera positions distort. Check the view in several key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Visualization s 391 . 13. click Next Key Frame.12. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 2. On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Drag the path away from the model as shown. From the Controls list. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path. 3.

2.Visualization . 3. Click Play. Export the Walkthrough 1. Click OK. notice where you save the file. select a video compression method to hold down file size. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window. In the Length/Format dialog box. On the application menu. Revit generates the external AVI file.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. File Name. click OK. Click Save. 2. 4.Play the Walkthrough 1. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.

Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.5. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Visualization s 393 . Plan your class time accordingly. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering. 6. It plays in your media player.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file. s Edited the path.Visualization . In this exercise. If you have made changes to the building model. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the animation file in a media player.7. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Export > FBX 3. Questions 1. False 2. True b. you use: a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Save As > FBX c. s Export an FBX file. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Flip Orientation d. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Export a walkthrough. s Add planting components. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. s Play a walkthrough. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Create a raytrace rendering. True b. s Orient walls and windows. Split b. s Place a camera. Print to File b. False Summary/Questions s 395 . a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. View > Shading d. s Assign materials. Align c. a. Demolish 2. a.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

beams. 6. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. In the following exercises. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. foundations. and braces. Lesson Plan 1. 2. beam systems. 5. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review structural columns. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 3. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components.

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.Structural . beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. For example. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. Knowing where structural members. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.Structural . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. especially columns. walls.

Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Technology. Structural s 401 . Place columns and beams on grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Create column grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Place beam systems and braces. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

wood. They come in types defined by size and shape. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.Hide Category.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. or reinforced concrete.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Select a floor. 1. Open Deck Framing. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck.Structural . The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Beams connect columns or walls. wood. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. In residential construction. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the View Control Bar. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Structural columns can be steel. often mainly glass. In this exercise. this is known as post and beam construction. beams can be steel. On the Build panel of the Home tab. click Column > Structural Column. 2. 3. As with columns. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . or concrete. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. spans without walls. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.

8. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Structural s 403 . 6. On the View Control Bar. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 3A.4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 5. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. and 4B. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. On the Options Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". In the Type Selector. click Depth. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 7.

Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Open Plan View Deck Framing. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. rail. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9".9. Place Beams 1. In the Project Browser. Click Hide In View > Element. 2. 10. and columns clearly. The columns are now hidden by the floors.Structural . 11. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Zoom in so you can see the deck. Right-click. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click OK.

s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. click Beam. Structure panel. On the Structure tab. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s In the view window. 5. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. On the Options Bar. select Chain. Click. In the Type Selector. 4.3.

On the Properties palette.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click Modify. Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 7. 6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.Structural . Click.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. as shown. 9. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Structure panel. 11. Click OK. 12. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Structural s 407 . Click on grid intersection B4.8. If a Warning dialog box that opens. In this exercise. Click Modify. click Beam. click Make Wall Bearing. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.rvt. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Save the file as Deck Beams. On the Properties palette. Click.

On the Structure tab. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.Structural . The completed exercise 5. Structure panel. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Click the beam on Grid 1. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. 2. click No.rvt. Place Beam Systems 1. click Sketch Beam System. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click Beam System. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. distance. or number of beams in a bay. In this exercise. s Place braces. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. you: s Place beam systems. click Pick Supports. 4. 3. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Open Deck Beams.

as shown. 7.6. click Line. On the Draw panel. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall.

click Finish (green check). set Elevation to -0'-9".6". On the Properties palette. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click Finish.Structural .2". click Create Similar. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. click Pick Supports. click Line. 10. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Trim as necessary. s 9. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. 11.8. On the Mode panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.

as shown. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Create panel. 3. click Brace. It has an automatic work plane. 4. Structural s 411 . Click to place the elevation. Structure panel. 5. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the View tab. On the Structure tab.Place Braces 1. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser. unlike regular elevations. On the View Control Bar. 2.

6. to start the brace. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 7. Click Modify. In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Repeat the brace going right to left.Structural . Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 8. 9.

10. you: s Placed beam systems. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. In this exercise. 11.rvt.

and walls. The exact length is not critical. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs.Structural . beams. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. but they can also be angular and radial.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You can change a grid number at any time. The numbering automatically increments. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Grid datasets. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Pull the cursor straight up. The exact location is not critical. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. In this exercise. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. 2. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. click Grid. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Datum panel. In plan views. as shown. elevation. s s In the view window. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and section views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.

Structural s 415 . Click to place a new grid line. 4. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line.3. Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.

To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Press ENTER.Structural . close to the heads. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Press ENTER. Click to start a grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. The new grid line is number 5. The new grid line will be number 3. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click to place the grid line. Pull the cursor to the left. Repeat to create grid line 4. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab.5. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. click Copy. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. 7. s Select Grid Line 2. Grid 3 is already the selection set. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Pull the cursor to the right. Enter A at the keyboard. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. 6.

Grid 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Structural s 417 . The Grid tool is still active.1. 11. Change the number to 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Select grid 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. This completes the main grid. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click to place the grid line. 10. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. This grid line will be number B.1 is still selected.8. On the grid line. 9. s Click Copy. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.

Click in the new grid bubble. Press ENTER. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Change the number to EE. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. 4. select Center-Ends Arc. Click to place the grid head. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.Structural .000 o . In the Radius field. On the Draw panel. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Grid. On the Draw panel. click Pick. On the Home tab.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Create panel. click Radius. s Click to start the grid line. 3. enter 15. set Offset to 15'-0". s s Click grid intersection D3. Zoom to Fit. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. On the Options Bar. The Grid tool is still active.

Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click to place grid FF. 6. 7. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Select grid 3 to show its controls. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Drag it down below the radial grids. Structural s 419 . This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together.5.

Revit will create grid 32. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Zoom to Fit. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.8. 9. s Click grid intersection D3. 11. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.000. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Enter 31 to change the name. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Pick Axis. click Mirror .Structural . s In this exercise. s Select grid 31. s Select grid 3. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.rvt. click Create Similar. s 10. Click in the new grid bubble.

Open ADA_Grids-complete. In the Type Selector. s Change a grid layout. click Column > Structural Column. In this exercise. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. s Use a column grid to place beams. 2. As a result. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural s 421 . The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. This is a steel column. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s 3. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structure panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you typically create a grid. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. A. click At Grids. In the Multiple panel. set Height to Level 3. C and D.s s On the Options Bar. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 2. 4. B. click Finish. 6. On the Multiple panel. 4.Structural . 5. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3.

Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 3. Zoom to Fit. Open Floor Plan Level 2. columns. and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. 2. 5. click Beam. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Structural s 423 . Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Click Grid 1. The grid. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click On Grids.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. click Finish. 4. Window-select all the grid lines.

Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. window-select all the columns. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click No. On the Multiple panel. In the view window. 1. click Isolated. Columns and beams will move to the right. Click Redo.Structural . click Undo. On the Multiple panel. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. 6. On the Quick Access toolbar. click At Columns. Open the Default 3D view. 2.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3. 4.

The footing had been placed at Level 1. The footing changes size.5. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Click OK. s On the Properties palette. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 6. 7. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. A warning displays. To change the size of the footing. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. Press ESC to clear the column selection.

you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Added footings to columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. In this exercise. s Changed a grid layout. s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file.Structural .

STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. spans.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

True b. Column b. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. False Summary/Questions s 429 . you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beam systems. s Change a grid layout. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. 2. s Add footings to columns. s Place braces.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. All of the above. s Use a column grid to place columns. Brace c. Beam d. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Questions 1.

Select a beam type and define the system layout. a. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. A and B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. 3.Structural . True b. Pick points. To change the height of a column. c. Use grid lines and grid intersections. False 4. Select the type of beam or column to place. 5. b. True b. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. you can: a. c. d. Properties c. A but not B. When placing columns or beams. you: a. 2. you use: a. To create a beam system. All of the above. b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Flip Orientation d. Stretch b. If you relocate a grid line. a.

CA Ronald A Williams. Susan Harrington . Smith . PE . Mathematics. Poway.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .Instructor.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Teacher.iteaconnect. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Milwaukee.Director. Copyright s 431 . International Technology Education Association www.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Randy Dymond. South Division High School. Inc. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Starkweather .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. WI Roger Dohm . Poway High School. Ltd. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.org Project Lead the Way.Executive Director.

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