Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

When sketching walls. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . windows. elevation. stairs. Other building elements such as doors. and 3D views. floors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. You can add building elements in plan. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. roofs.Software Tools . section.

If one is moved. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. the other will move as well. In the illustration shown.

all the windows obey their constraints. In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved.

s Use tools to create building elements from masses. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Engineering. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Place a predefined Mass family. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Constrain placement of objects. engineering. technology.

roofs. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. size. Masses can be edited in many ways. such as distance requirements from roadways. A designer. There are mass families available to load into a project. quickly. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. or masses. walls. and then converted into building components such as floors. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. you can create in-place masses. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. owner. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment.Software Tools .Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and curtain systems. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

When a mass has been placed or created in a project.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . roofs. or within. walls.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and Language Arts. Technology. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and symbol heads. This lesson relates to science. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM).Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. engineering. Engineering. tags. legends. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Explain the use of dimensions. and math standards. Annotation includes text notes. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions.

24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools . or angular. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. Permanent dimensions can be linear.

Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y.z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

technology.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. and Options Bar. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. the Type Selector. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Work with tool buttons. Engineering. engineering.Software Tools . s Open tabs on the ribbon. and math standards. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Open and use ribbon tabs.

The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. windows. beams. Some commands will not be active (that is. and rooms. Display and Navigation s 31 . doors. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Its position is fixed. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. for instance.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. slabs. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Display and Navigation s 33 . columns. detailing. and foundations. and text. symbols. trusses. braces.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools . 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . copy/paste. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and inquiry. and parameters.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Save. This menu has file management tools such as New. Print.Software Tools .

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

schedules. families.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. sheets. Legends. and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. cropping. View Control Bar View scale. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.Software Tools . This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. Windows panel on the ribbon. shadow display.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. A check mark indicates it is visible. visual style. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. rendering (in 3D views). hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. sun settings. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. level of detail.

To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.

It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. Shaded. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line is the default.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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or by global location. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. sun and shadow intensity. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. the view window displays a colored border.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. enabling you to select them. along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view.

Collaborate. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Insert. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Structure. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Manage and Modify. Massing & Site. Nine tabs are available: Home. Annotate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. To activate or open a view. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Display and Navigation s 55 . View.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started.Context Tabs. When a context tab is active. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Properties Palette. Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it. If you select items in the view window. showing options that you can select while you are working. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab opens on the ribbon.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

File Save. the application menu. Export. The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. such as File Open. and Publish. File Close only appears on the application menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. New File. Click a file name to open that file.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Print. Display and Navigation s 65 . You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 2. If you select the menu option. or click New > Project from the application menu. make the Home tab active. To start a new project. The panel titles display under the tab titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The completed exercise 4. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. On the ribbon. 3. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Do this for other tabs. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Display and Navigation s 67 . click OK in the dialog box that opens. After you have examined each of them. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.

68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. you opened a project file. and then viewed. Close the file without saving. Select Cycle Through All. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.5.Software Tools . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. In this exercise. 6. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. They disappear when you move the cursor away. 7. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Open quick_start_building_elements. In the Project Browser. 2. Exercise 2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. doubleclick the view name.

Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click Filter panel > Filter.3. . Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify | Doors context tab opens. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. doors. Click OK. On the Properties palette. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. You are selecting everything visible. 5. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Clear Walls and Doors. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 4. 6. all the walls. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 7. Click any interior wall. 8.Software Tools . and windows highlight blue. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model.

Click any door. 11. click Create panel > Create Similar. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Properties palette. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Display and Navigation s 71 . 10. examined the menus and toolbars. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.rvt. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Place a door as shown. 12. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.9. you opened a project file. Select any window to verify that it has changed type.

Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Math (STEM). building elements (walls. floors). In the exercises. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. You can create sections. Revit provides floor plan. Engineering. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. templates. annotations. System families include levels. ceiling plan. and views. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Component families include model objects (furniture. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. schedules. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. display controls. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Load and place component families. operating settings. and Language Arts. and 3D views using the View menu. either predefined or user-created. drafting views. mechanical equipment). 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Work with Revit families. s Create a new in-place family. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Pan. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options.Software Tools . and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. and elevation views by default. lines.

technology.This lesson relates to science. engineering. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The display changes. First. 2. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Use your keyboard to enter VV. even a small one. Open Unit2_building_elements. is an extensive database.rvt.Exercise: View Controls A building model. There is also a copy in the course datasets. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Rightclick in the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. VG also opens the dialog box. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 3. Four elevation markers are visible. Click OK. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Right-click. The completed exercise Visibility 1. There is no way to see everything in it. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.Software Tools . Click Zoom to Fit.

6. Enter ZF. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 5. Right-click. There are two parts to an elevation.4. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click Zoom In Region. Right-click. click Detail Level. so be sure to select them both. Select the roof outline. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 7. On the View Control Bar. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Zoom to Fit. Select Detail Level: Medium. Click Open. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . In the Project Browser. Click and drag the cursor as shown.

Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. doors and windows are not shown. change the Underlay value to None. as before. Enter VH.Software Tools . On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. On the Properties palette. Turn off visibility of the elevations. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. View Properties 1. You simplify it into a Roof Plan.8.

Next to View Range. click Edit. enter Roof. Right-click. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof.3. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. the ridge is now visible. Click Rename. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK.0". Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. For Name. and where the cut plane sits. Set the cut plane value to 7' . 4.

Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 2. In the Presets list. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shadows On. Set the time to 9:30 am. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Accept the location that activates. select Winter Solstice. select Shading with Edges. Open Elevation view South. 3. 5.Software Tools . click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 4. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . under Solar Study. select Still. In the dialog box that opens. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.Graphic Display Options 1.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6. In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views.rvt. The elevation shadows update. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

or stand-alone (for example. furniture). windows. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. lights.Software Tools . doors and windows are dependent on walls). On the Home tab. 3. railings.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how you locate. commercial. and families in place. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you open an existing project file. click Door. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. windows.rvt. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. floors. There are system families. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. In Revit. s A system family. is predefined within Revit. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and use a Revit family to place a door. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You add closet doors to interior walls. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. 2. and annotations are examples of standard families. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. walls. and floors. and so on. roofs. and furniture. standard families. or institutional structures. Additionally. such as levels. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Open Unit2_views. Doors. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. and place Revit families. Build panel. load. Doors are considered standard family entities. These components are called families and there are several different types. furniture.

It has a number of different sizes defined. If you highlight a door family. and Annotation. Click Open. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. s s 6. Furniture. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Tag panel. Accept the default size. 4.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Project files have a file extension of *. Click the Doors folder. As you move your cursor near any wall.rfa. Family files have a file extension of *. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Locate Double Panel 2.rvt.rfa. You click to place an instance of the door family. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Click Open. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 5. On the Modify | Place Door tab.

Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.Software Tools . The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. simply click it. you located. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. 8. Place two more instances of the door as shown. loaded. Place an instance of the door as shown. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. but not strongly. 9.7. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.rvt. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. and placed instances of a door family.

3. enter 48" x 80". you open an existing project file. Click Properties palette > Edit Type.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. click Duplicate. modify a door family. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 4. In the Type Properties dialog box. and create an in-place family. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 5. Select the double door as shown. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. Open Unit2_doors_walls. Click OK. For Name. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The required width is not available. This door needs to be 48" wide.

is to create a component family in place. 5.6. click Component > Model In-Place. Build panel. 3. On the Properties palette. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Click OK. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click OK. set the Extrusion End value to 6". The door updates. select Generic Models. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In the dialog box. 1. 2. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. On the Home tab. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. For Name. enter Hall Clock. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates.Software Tools . imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 4. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment.

Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Click OK. The family model updates. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 13. you located. Revit will display . 11.6. click Rectangle. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You have created the base of the clock. and placed a door family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).2". On the Draw panel.0' 2".rvt. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 10. 9.4" as shown. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 12. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 7. 8. loaded. as shown. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. In this exercise.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

c. d. All content tools are located on the ribbon. c. True b. s Create an in-place model family. To activate a view: a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Change type properties of a family. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. True b. False 5. 7. s Open different views. Turn on Shadows. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. a. a. The tool shown is used to: a. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. and click Open.Software Tools . s Adjust Visual Style Options. Views can be renamed. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Change view displays. and Options Bar. Right-click. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. Questions 1. Spin the model in 3D space. 6. Each project has several predefined views. load. True b. and place a family from a library. b. a. tab. b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Access. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. False 3. False 2. depending on the template selected. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. s Change view properties. a. Zoom in Region is used to: a. c. d. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom to an area selected by a right click. context tabs. True b. Zoom to the entire model. d. Either a or b. Create a 3D perspective view. False 4. b.

Blocks c. Properties palette 10. Multiview b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. A family created within a project is called ________________. Scroll d. Rotate c. a.8. etc. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. System c. Pan and Zoom b.) are called: a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. windows. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Parts d. Standard b. a. All of the above. Families 11. depending on settings 9. In-Place d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Project Browser d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Create dimension and text styles. 2. s Duplicate and modify views.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . you will be able to: s Select a project template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create labels. s Set project units. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimensions and text. 6. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. Review Revit Architecture setup. 7. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 4. 3. s Create a project template. 9.

Visit the AIA website at www. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. and Language Arts. and so forth. and the settings that are preset within them. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.org. colors. linetypes. Visit the AIAS website at www. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Technology. Engineering. Many cities and counties have their own rules.org. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. based on the AIA standards.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. colors.aias. linetypes. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.aia. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Math (STEM). defining the layers. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . should be used. Explain why templates are used.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. For example. otherwise it is considered a carport. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a bathroom.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. doors. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. like mechanical drawing. the number being its numerical value. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. and so on. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . A unit is a particular physical quantity. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A garage must be completely enclosed. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. a garage. and one closet. If it lacks any of these components. If there is a fire. defined and adopted by convention. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. one window. it cannot be called a bedroom. windows. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. a common area (such as a living room or family room). it must have at least one door.

in the United States. unit symbol ft. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. glass. using imperial units. is 555 ft.. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. such as room size and wall height. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Another method is to apply dual notation. Here h is the physical quantity. also known as the International System of Units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. the construction industry still uses the English. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system.For example. its value is expressed in the unit meter. and other materials. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. In architectural drafting. However. unit symbol m. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. or imperial.. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. is 169 m.

5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. line weight and pattern. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.) 8. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Scales are ratios. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. In Revit Architecture. sheets. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. and viewports. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". every 1/8" would represent 1'. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Each size is designated by a letter. one value representing another value. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.Standards and Building Codes .

Standards and Building Codes s 97 . ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. elevators. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. notes Demolition. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. temporary Schedules Sections. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. site plan. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.01. You create and position views. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. symbols. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.a modified version of the AIA standard. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.

The column is divided into sections. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. annotation plot sizes. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Usually. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. that is. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. the HVAC company. so that the height is less than the width. followed by information on the building's owner. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and layer standards. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. the electrician. fonts. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and other relevant information. and so on.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. drawing scales.Standards and Building Codes . Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the date drawn. the author of the drawing. For example. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. The next space is for tracking revisions. The paper is oriented landscape. Typically.

layer settings. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. and so forth. title blocks. dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Standards and Building Codes . Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. These can be used to build your model. views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and Language Arts. windows. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles. Engineering. and walls. Math (STEM). Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . and math standards.This lesson relates to technology. engineering.

Standards and Building Codes . 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. apartments. On the application menu. factory. In the New Project dialog box. click Browse. click New > Project. 3. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Condominiums. you use templates as starting points. In Revit. Select a Template 1. you create a new project file using a template. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Open Revit to an empty project file. or store. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately.

On the application menu. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Settings s 103 . Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 5. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. you started a new project file using a standard template. 6. Click Open.4. Select the Residential-Default. Click OK. In this exercise. click Close to close this project without saving. saving set up time.

s Place the cursor over the left wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The Wall tool remains active. click Wall. the drawing setup options are preset. In the courseware datasets folder. Build panel. expand Floor Plans under Views. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. The file opens to a 3D view. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. Pull the cursor to the right. In the Project Browser. Click to start a new wall. open ADA__Settings. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. 3.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. Press ESC to cancel the wall.rvt. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.

) 6. 8. click to start a new wall. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 5. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.4. Close the file without saving. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Settings s 105 . 7. s Set Unit symbol to m. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. and move the cursor right. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Place the cursor over the left wall. In this exercise. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Click Format for Length.

Standards and Building Codes . click Duplicate. 3. there are two types of dimensions. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. For Name. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 1. enter Big Text. but also control the size and location of objects. 4. On the Annotate tab. click Edit Type. Open ADA_Dimensions. On the Properties palette. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. dimensions not only display. Temporary dimensions display when you select. By default. Click OK. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. create. click Aligned. Dimension panel. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. temporary and permanent.rvt. or insert components. In the Type Properties dialog box.

s Set Text Size to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Select the top. 6. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".5. left. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The Dimension tool is still active. s Click OK twice. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. and bottom horizontal walls. Click to place. 7.

9. and far right vertical walls. Close the file without saving. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. you opened an existing file. created a new dimension style.Standards and Building Codes . Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Click to place the dimension. In this exercise. s s s Select the far left. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .8. The Dimension tool stays active. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. upper.

Notice the door and window tags. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In order to do this. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan. In the datasets folder. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In the Project Browser. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. 2. These are annotations. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Settings s 109 .Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. There are no annotations visible.rvt. Right-click.

click Project Information. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 6.Standards and Building Codes . 7. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK. Settings panel. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 5. Click Rename. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Double-click to open it. 9. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK to update the display of this view.4. Model Categories tab. On the Manage tab. In the Project Browser. 8. In the Project Browser.

highlight the title block displayed in the list. 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. click Edit.Add a Sheet 1. 2. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click New Sheet. or supply your own values: Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. Rightclick. Click OK. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Settings s 111 . In the Value column of Project Address.) 3. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. Click OK. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Enter the address as shown.

112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Click Apply. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Notice the change to the title block. Next. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.4.Standards and Building Codes . Add a View to the Sheet 1. In the Identity Data and Other sections.

Right-click in the view. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. 4. 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click. Select Add View to Sheet. Select Deactivate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Settings s 113 . Select the new viewport. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Click Activate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 2.

The Scale updates in the title block. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet.5. Finish the move. of the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . you: select it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6. deselect it. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. The view updates on the sheet. s Added a sheet. Place the cursor 7. Close the file without saving.

4.5. On the application menu. Select A-11x8. 2. 3. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5 title block template opens. Click Open. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. It opens to the Recent Files window. Settings s 115 . click New > Titleblock. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.rft. A copy of the 11 x 8. This is one of the longer exercises. Start Revit Architecture.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 10. 12. click Save to save the title block.Standards and Building Codes . s Click Add. Save the title block as A . select Drawn By. Accept the Sample Value. click Close. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 15. Right-click.Landscape. 14. Accept the Sample Value. you created a title block using a template file. Add a label for Checked By.rfa. On the Quick Access toolbar. Add a label for Sheet Number.9. 11. Accept the Sample Value. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. s Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 13. On the application menu.

A new sheet has been added and is the current view. you create a new project file. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. click New to create a new project using the default template. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Settings s 125 . Your title block is now displayed in the list. and then load a custom title block into your project. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Locate your title block. 2. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. 3. In the Recent Files window. 5. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Highlight the title block and click OK. On the View tab. 4. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Insert a Title Block 1. The title block appears in the graphics window.

Click OK. On the Properties palette. Click OK. In this exercise. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 4. you a created a new project file. 3. 2.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. s For Drawn By. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. On the Manage tab. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.Standards and Building Codes . Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter Student Project Unit 3. s For Checked By. Settings panel. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. click Project Information. enter your name. Select the title block. 6. enter your instructor's name. 5.

and the units for your custom template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. a dimension style. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. angles. click New > Project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Families: Load in families you use most often. On the Insert tab.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. There are various settings you can define for your template. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. you create a new project file. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. you define the title block. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. and slope angle. including how the rendered image looks. such as 3D and plan views. settings. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. Click OK. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. in addition to predefined wall types. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Create a Template In this exercise. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. select Project Template. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. and then load them like families. In the New Project dialog box. and geometry from the template. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. In this exercise. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. 3. On the application menu. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. 1. 2.

click Duplicate. There will be no visible change. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Settings panel > Project Units.rfa. 10. enter 3/16" Verdana. On the Annotate tab. 9. Click the Length field in the Format column. You create a custom dimension style. 6. 8. Click OK. 5. create a Dimension Style.4. Click OK twice. Open the title block A . Set the units for the template. Next. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Manage tab. 7.Standards and Building Codes . For Name.Landscape. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.

On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 14. Rightclick. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 129 . Select the A . 15.11. 12. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. In the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click OK. select Sheets (All). Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2.

you created a new template file using a dimension style. In this exercise. title block. and units that you defined. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. Save your project template in your class project folder.16. 17. The title block updates.Standards and Building Codes . Save the file name as A-English template. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. as well as dimension style and units.rte. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can use this template for future projects. Click OK.

abstract format. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . or new combinations of existing materials. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

s Create a dimension style. English c. is defined as what? a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . NCTM d. 1:12 c. A unit 4. s Create labels.05 c. A particular physical quantity. a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. 1:24 d. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. NCSESA 2. a. General Questions 1. UBC c.02 b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. AIA b. False 3. s Create text. An architect b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create a title block. s Create a template. S.Standards and Building Codes . dimension styles. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". Using AIA Standards. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Change dimension colors. a. s Change lineweight. s Create dimensions. P. True b. Metric d. A. s Create a text style. A.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.02 d. 1:32 5. 1:3 b.

Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. dimensions snap to: a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Wall faces b. In Revit Architecture. False Summary/Questions s 133 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. To create a new sheet. Wall centerlines c. False 6. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Application menu > Properties b. you use: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. you click: a. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Point offsets 3. True b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. By default. To set the units in a project. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Wall midpoints d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. False 4. a. a. True b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. To change the scale of a view.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Align walls. 5. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. 6. 2. s Define a wall structure. 4. s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.

their construction and materials. or filling in between. them.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. separate. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.Walls . After completing this lesson. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and protect its interior spaces. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. List the different types of occupancy. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. indicating wall length. Clear the Chain option. As you continue to move the cursor. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. After you create the wall. Expand the Type Selector list. a dashed line displays. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. To modify a dimension. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. It will not print. an angular dimension displays. 4. Select the Single Line option. but it disappears when you begin another action. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.3.Brick on Mtl. Enter 10. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Click to set the endpoint. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Stud. Walls s 151 . 5. click it to open an edit field. the dimension updates incrementally.

8. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. the controls may sit on top of one another. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. After setting the vertical wall's direction. enter 7. Set the Detail Level to Medium. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. On the View Control Bar. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 7. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click to start the next wall. Select panel. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. click Create Similar. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed.Walls . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Press ENTER. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. click the Detail Level icon. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. click Modify to stop placing walls. The wall does not show any internal detail. Create panel.6. Depending on your zoom in the view. On the Modify | Walls tab. Click the wall.

the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Select the right vertical wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Notice that two dimensions display. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Also. no matter where you move the cursor. an alignment line displays. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Walls s 153 . Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. release the mouse button to set a new length. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Click Modify. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line.9. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. notice how the wall joins at the corner. 10. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right.

Click Cancel. 12. When using the Chain option. Right-click. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 15. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. This is the same as clicking Modify. Select the lower vertical wall. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 14. click Wall. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Sketch the walls as shown. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 16. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.11. 13. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Repeat. On the Home tab. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Build panel.Walls .

18. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Zoom to Fit. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 17. After clicking the second end. Select the Three Point Arc tool. 19. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.rvt. Click Modify. Clear the Chain option. Walls s 155 . Click Create Similar again. In this exercise. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 20. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.

trim. you first split the walls at the intersections. Only part of the wall highlights. Do the same for the vertical wall. align. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. You now remove the upper right corner. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Split Walls 1. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. The cursor changes to a razor blade. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. and extend walls. Click Modify. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . 3. 2. This exercise illustrates how to split. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 4. fillet. Both split walls are shown below. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. To do this.rvt from the previous exercise.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise.

Select any wall. click Undo and repeat the steps. click Create Similar. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can also click the flip control. click Delete. 4. 2. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. Enter 5'. Modify panel. 5. Create panel. Click Fillet Arc. If you make a mistake. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. This is how you create rounded wall corners. select Radius. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Walls s 157 . On the Modify | Walls tab. On the Options Bar. 3. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value.Fillet Walls 1.

Walls . 2. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. You align the wall in the next steps.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. The Wall tool is still active. 3.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 1. select Basic Wall: Interior . 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Place an interior wall as shown.

clear Chain. s On the Options Bar. You can lock the alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. Walls s 159 . such as location lines. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Click to create a wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. The length is not critical.4. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1.

The walls can cross. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 5. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The length is not critical. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the two interior walls in turn. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4.s Move the cursor to the left and click. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.Walls . 2. 6. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 3. This will be the border. This will extend to the border.

align. and trim. Walls s 161 .rvt. In this exercise.7. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet.

Open ADA_Wall_Structure. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 2. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and vary in cost.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 1. In the Project Browser. 3.Walls . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The Modify tool is active by default. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. satisfy different requirements. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.

4. the wall structure should be as shown. When you are finished. For Name. s Click Down twice. 5. Click OK. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. except Core Boundary. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 7. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. click Edit in the Structure value field. Click Insert twice. s Click the arrow at the right. Every layer of a wall. 8. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Click Up. Add two additional layers to the wall. 6. has a Function you can edit. s Click the number of Layer 3. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Walls s 163 . To edit the structure of the wall.

Stud Layer. 13. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Exterior . Material. select Finishes . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 11. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.9. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Material to Wood . Modify the Function.Walls . 10. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s Set the Material to Finishes . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. which displays plan or section views. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 12.

Walls s 165 . expand the Families branch. 17. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. From the Detail level list. On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 15. 16. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. In the Project Browser. select Medium. Click Apply to update the view.14.

20. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. From the Type Selector list. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. In this exercise. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. defined a new wall structure. Right-click 8" Exterior. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Close the file without saving. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.Walls .18. 19. You opened an existing file.

a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You can define a wall type with these elements. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Select one of the Exterior . Open ADA_Compound_Wall. In this exercise.rvt.Brick on Mtl. wood rails. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. for example. The model opens in a 3D view. 2. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a structural mid-section. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Stud walls as shown. you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a decorated interior surface. 3. Be sure to select the wall and not a window.

You can split regions into other regions. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. Click Split Region. 2. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. If not already expanded. To split a layer or region horizontally. highlight one of the borders. To split a layer or region vertically. Wall structures are Type Properties. into regions. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 7. When you split a layer. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 8. or you will lose your changes. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You change the type. You can assign different materials to regions. so all instances of this type change.Walls . You can set the sample height to any value. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. In this exercise. As indicated in the dialog box title. To define the structure of the wall. click Edit. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate.4. the new regions assume the same material as the original. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. 6. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 5. either horizontally or vertically. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. in the Structure value field. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu.

Brick layer. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.3. 1. In this case. 4. 3. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Click to split the region into two parts. When you merge regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. After merge. Click Merge Regions. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to merge them. 2. Walls s 169 . Click to merge the two layers. assign Layer 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Prehighlight a border between regions. The upper split disappears.

Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Click again to return to the original position. Click the temporary dimension text. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 1. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. to the next parallel line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. indicating that it is modifiable. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall.Walls . To create a new wall layer. If you set the split offset down from the top. s Select the split line. 2. 2. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 1. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 3. In the Edit dialog box. Next. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 3. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click Insert. Press ENTER. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Change the value to 12. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. click Modify. After a region is split. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 4. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". instead of down. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The dimension text turns blue. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. you assign the material Masonry Brick .

9. 7. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. It immediately highlights in blue. 8. It also shows a thickness value. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Close the file without saving. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4].Brick Soldier Course. Change the Material to Masonry . 6. When a layer is selected in the table. Walls s 171 .Brick Soldier Course layer. Split Region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Modify. it highlights in blue in the preview window. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . 5. as shown. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 10. Click OK. Merge Region. Click OK. The preview changes appearance. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. because it is now the selected layer.4. In this exercise. Click Assign Layers. All walls of this type have been changed. and Insert Layer tools. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.

172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . installed. ducting.Walls . earth. and insulation. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. piping. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and protected.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Custom types and sizes can also be built. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the ventilation. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.Doors and Windows . the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.Doors and Windows . ft. The height can be no less than 24". An unobstructed opening of 5. if there is no other escape route. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. the width can be no less than 20".7 sq.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

windows. how to load additional door and window families. and math standards. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Engineering. Doors and Windows s 187 . technology. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Math (STEM). and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and copy these elements. you learn how to place doors and windows. Technology. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. In this unit. This lesson relates to science. and furniture are defined in family files. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Center a door in a wall. s Copy windows. and how to position. engineering. move. Some families are loaded into each empty file.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

This can be done in a plan view. Build panel. To flip the door. In other words. or 3D view.Doors and Windows .Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. To reverse the swing. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. the door swing would be to the left side.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. 2. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Once a door is placed. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. 3. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Doors 1. When placing doors in a plan view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click Door. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . On the Home tab. elevation view.

Click Open. With the Door command active. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. 3. Mode panel. on the Modify | Place Door tab. and windows into project files. Select the door Double-Panel 2.rfa. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". In order to keep file size small. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. From the Type Selector list. click Load Family. walls.Load Families 1. Doors and Windows s 189 . except for the Type Selector. The display does not change.

Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.4. If necessary. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.Doors and Windows . From the Type Selector. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 5. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.

change a temporary dimension. Remember. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. simply click it and enter the correct value.6. or by using the swing control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Place instances of single doors as shown.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .7.

select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. the outside of the window is to the left side. Windows have exterior and interior sides. 2. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. From the Type Selector. To reverse the window after performing another operation. approach the wall from the right side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Open Unit5_doors. You can place windows in a plan view. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Add Windows 1. Build panel. click Modify and select the window. click Window.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. or 3D view. elevation view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. On the Home tab. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . When placing windows in a plan view.

194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. 5. You do not need to add dimensions. loaded a door family.rvt. 4.3. you opened an existing project. and placed windows.Doors and Windows . In this exercise. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Window tags do not number in sequence.

even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. On the Annotate tab. 3. s Align and modify walls. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door.rvt. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. click Aligned.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. and modify the wall. 1. place a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. window. wall. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. and so on. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 4. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. 2. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. constrain it to be centered in a wall. you open an existing project file. Dimension panel.

Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Align Walls 1. 6. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. the other wall will remain aligned. 5. Click the right wall. Notice the symbol. Click the center of the door. 2.s s s s Click the left wall. Click the lock icon to enable it. This means that if one wall shifts. Click it and it changes as shown. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Select the upper wall first. The walls are now aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. The door changes location. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.Doors and Windows .

The walls shift and remain aligned. 3. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.) The dimension value is now shown. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value. 5. Change the dimension to 16. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Right-click. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 .4. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.

7. Right-click.Doors and Windows . In this exercise.6. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Zoom to Fit. you placed a continuous dimension.rvt. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.

Select one of the windows located in the east wall. In this exercise. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 4. especially if there are many different types. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Create panel. On the Modify | Windows tab. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.rvt. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. 1.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Doors and Windows s 199 . Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. 2. click Create Similar.

Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. On the Modify | Windows tab. 3.Copy Windows 1. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 4. Select the window you just placed. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy. Modify panel.Doors and Windows . 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The window is copied. The window will change appearance. 2.

you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Right-click. 6. Doors and Windows s 201 .5. Click Zoom to Fit.

The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. heat. cold.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.

32" b. General Questions 1. s Place a window. a. Standard b. 34" 4. 36" c. you learned to: s Place doors. True b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 28" b. 32" d. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 30" c. s Copy a door or window. Custom 3. 40" d. If a room is used for sleeping. a. False 2. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Align a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Position a door or window.

Link c. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. you use: a. a. 6. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Select the door. Load from Library b. Right-click. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a. True b. True b. b. Clone b. True b. Select the door. The center snap 7. d. Click Flip Direction. Insert d. Copy 8. but is available from the Revit Architecture library.Doors and Windows . Select the door. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. c. a. To center a door or window in a wall. False 2. Use door grips to reposition. 4. To change the location of a door or window. Select the door. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list.Revit Architecture Questions 1. d. Click Door Properties. you use ________. Duplicate d. a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. False 5. Click the appropriate blue arrows. you: a. b. c. Load c. A reference plane b. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Properties 3. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Door Properties. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Offset c.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 2. (Student) Evaluate students.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create railings. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 4. 5. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. Review stairs and railings.

List the different stair types. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . stair and railing types.Stairs and Railings . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.

Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Engineering.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and math standards.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.

and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.Stairs and Railings . such as ice and snow.

Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Due to building code. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This saves space when changing direction. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.

Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress.

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum.

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

s Modify stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. s Create U-shaped stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. and Language Arts. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . When you click to establish the start point of stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. or vertical circulation. To review the list of standards for each lesson. As you move the cursor. This lesson relates to technology. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. and stairs. Math (STEM). the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter.Stairs and Railings . which includes elevators. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. you will be able to: s Create stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). In multistory buildings.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You can define straight runs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. ramps. L-shaped runs with a landing. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. and spiral stairs. s Add a railing. Engineering. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. and math standards. U-shaped stairs. For safety reasons. or tread. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. The riser and run values update accordingly. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. Technology.

You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. This file is in metric units. Before you create the stairs. 3. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. On the Properties palette. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. From the courseware datasets folder.rvt. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby.

The cursor changes to a crosshairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. click Stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . These tools are used to define your stairs.4. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 5. In this case. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). you create a straight run. Run is preselected. Click OK to close the dialog box. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.Stairs and Railings . Circulation panel. On the Home tab.

To change the run dimension. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. You can also enter a distance of 4400. If you have not fully created the run. 7. Revit displays the number of risers you created. As you move the cursor up. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. On the Mode panel. 9. Select this intersection point to start your run.6. select Finish (green check). the run footprint stops expanding. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. and then click to define the run of stairs. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can continue to move the cursor up. 8. 10.

11. 12. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. To avoid overwriting the original file. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair. 13.rvt. and switched to a 3D view.Stairs and Railings . 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. click application menu > Save As > Project. In this exercise. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.

The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Stairs and Railings s 221 .Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. click Align. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The stair is not centered on the landing. Edit panel. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. On the Modify tab.rvt. Activate view Floor Plans. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Level 1. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.

If you have a scroll mouse. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Take time to make the selections correctly. which is located at the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. from the Prefer list. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. select Wall centerlines. You can rotate your model to get a better view. On the Options Bar. 5. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Align command remains active. Click the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.4. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Click the center of the wall first.

8. s For Name. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. On the Properties palette. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. click Edit Type. Change Width to 1350. 9. As you prehighlight them. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Graphics. expand Sections (Building Section). notice that stairs and railings are separate families. railings were created with the stairs. s Click Duplicate. enter Lobby Stairs. On the Properties palette. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. s Click OK. 7. Hover the cursor over the railing.6. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . In the Project Browser. Select the stairs. and Dimensions subsections. study the instance parameters under the Constraints.

Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Lobby Stair View. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .10.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Stairs and Railings . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Cherry s s Click Modify.

Click it to select it. s Zoom in on the stairs. The stair changes to the run sketch. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Mode panel. The railings change. Next. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. 14.12. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Stairs and Railings s 225 . 13. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Delete this line. you change the shape of the stairs. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. In the Type Selector. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. click Edit Sketch.

15. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.Stairs and Railings . To place the second arc endpoint. click Boundary. 19. 17. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. click the left end of the top riser. On the Draw panel. 16. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 18. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Click Modify. s On the Modify panel. Click to place the arc.

Stairs and Railings s 227 . 20. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. On the Draw panel. the arc center point.21. For the third point. This will define a rounded first step. The left boundary will be mirrored. Next. First. Click to exit the Mirror command. click Riser. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click CenterEnds-Arc.

22. On the Mode panel. In this exercise. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. click Finish. 23.rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries.

For simple railings. you need to define a path for the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. The completed exercise To create a railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing.rvt from the previous exercise. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Select the right side railing. you sketch the plan view path. This is typically done in plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. 2. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Therefore. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. 3. In this case. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Click Modify.

enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint.Stairs and Railings . 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .4. Mode panel. edit the temporary dimension. click Edit Path. You do not need to add dimensions. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. On the Draw panel. To set the exact distance. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s On the Options Bar. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. The dimensions are shown as a guide. select Chain. Once the railing is selected. 7. 6. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. on the Modify | Railings tab. Then. 5. click Line.

In this exercise. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Delete your lines and try again. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 9.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 8. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.

Create a Reference Plane 1.Stairs and Railings . Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. In this exercise. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. 2. you create a reference plane. In a floor plan view. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Work Plane panel. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. the stairs appear as a U-shape.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. s On the Home tab. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.rvt from the previous exercise. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. set the Offset value to 850. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. s On the Options Bar.

Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Pull the cursor straight up. On the Properties palette. change the Width parameter to 900. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Matte 2. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click OK twice. 5. click Stairs. Dark Gray. On the Home tab. 3. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. 6. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Stairs and Railings s 233 . Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. For Name. enter Exit Stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click Edit Type.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 4. Click OK. To start sketching the run. Circulation panel. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw.

Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer to the right. with none remaining to be created. Press ENTER. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display.Stairs and Railings . 9. 8. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. enter 1925. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads).7.

10. To remove the lines. 11. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. you select Continue to return the sketch. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Use Hide/Isolate 1. You want to inspect your stairs. Click Finish Stairs again. 2. it is because you have overlapping lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. but they are hidden behind walls. Select the two walls of the stair tower. On the View Control bar. On the Stairs panel. Remove the additional lines. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. If you get an error message. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Finish Stairs. Stairs and Railings s 235 .

This is a multistory stair. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 4. you learned to create a reference plane. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Finally. In this exercise. On the View Control Bar. The exterior walls reappear. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 5. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. and to create a U-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings . Zoom in to see your stairs. 2. 6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 3. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs so they highlight.rvt. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The walls are now hidden.3. Reset the Display 1.

and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. ramps.

smoke guards. Include landings as required by your local building code.Stairs and Railings . They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. this openness makes them fire hazards. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. They cost less. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. but they can also be highly decorative. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. and deliver riders without wait time.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today.

45 degrees c. s Modify stair boundaries. False Summary/Questions s 239 . s Create railings. False 2. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 90 degrees d. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. True b. b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 36" d. 30" b. General Questions 1. 180 degrees 3. a. you learned to: s Create stairs. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. True b. 40" 4. and all treads should be the same run. 32" c. 25 degrees b.

Line b. riser d.Stairs and Railings . a. that is. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. You can apply materials to different stair components. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Align Railing d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. you use the _______ option. a. a. Railings.Revit Architecture Questions 1. risers b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Treads. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a. Home b. a. Modify c. Fasten Railing 5. risers 3. Pick New Host b. True b. Insert 2. Circle 4. riser lines c. True b. Rectangle c. False 6. risers and treads. Attach Railing c. Manage d. To create railings on stairs without railings. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Boundary lines. Run. Arc d.

(Student) 7.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 6. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place fascia. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 3. Review of roof types.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Discussion) 2. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. s Place gutters. (Student) 8. Evaluate Students. (Student) 4.

you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. After completing this lesson. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. and downspouts. Calculate the rise. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. roof types. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.Roofs . run. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. It addresses roof construction. gutters. and pitch of a sloped roof. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. tiles. Identify the different roof types.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.

usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. s Rake: The inclined. and math standards. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. engineering. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. About Roofs s 243 . This lesson relates to science. technology. Engineering. Math (STEM). s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

the roofing pattern. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. You can use them for many different applications. texture. durability. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. rot. and color. fire-resistant. and sunlight. and sun. and if visible. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. texture. About Roofs s 245 . resistance to wind and fire. maintenance. durability. resulting in at least one textured face. both low and steep. These are used more often on upscale homes. maintenance. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and colors. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. as well as how effective a shelter it is. snow. resistance to wind and fire. brands. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. They come in several types. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and low maintenance roofing material. the roofing pattern. and if visible. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Sloped roofs. are designed for shedding water and snow.

galvanized steel. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. choose a type that will suit your needs. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. or corrugated structural glass. This same roof on a clear. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. When choosing the insulation for your job. and insulating capability (R-value). They are fire-resistant. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. Unfortunately. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. odor. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. consider such factors as cost. galvanized steel. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. treatment for insects.Roofs . quality. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. reinforced plastic. zinc alloy. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. and so forth). special characteristics (for example. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. fiberglass. and require little maintenance. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. durable. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. Therefore. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams. purlins.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs.Roofs .

but the two sides are not symmetrical. and span. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. The run value is typically equal to 12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. run. where as. A number indicates the value of the rise. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 to 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 on 12. 7-12.When designing a roof. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. try to specify standard roof pitch. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.Roofs .

You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. often supporting a gutter. that convey rainwater to drains. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. water. or eaves. and fascia. snow. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create various roof types. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Assign roof structure and materials. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you can add gutters. dormers. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. soffits. or roof overhangs. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Create a roof fascia. s Place gutters.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. To create a roof by face. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. or ice. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Create a hip roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Roofs s 255 . Once you create a roof.

Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. engineering. and Language Arts. Technology. Math (STEM).Roofs . 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To review the list of standards for each lesson.

and then extruded by applying a thickness value. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 2. 3. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. select the Name option. you create an extruded roof. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click OK to continue. To create an extruded roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched.. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 4.rvt. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Work Plane dialog box.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.

select Section: Section 1. 4. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. s Use the image below for guidance. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.Roofs . To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 6. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Click Open View. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. click Line.5. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 2. 3. In the Go To View dialog box. Before sketching the roof's profile. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. The section view should display as shown. On the Work Plane panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Ref Plane. Draw panel. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0".

s Click Modify. s Select the new dimension.6. s Click the EQ toggle. Using the image below for guidance. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value. Roofs s 259 . To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. 5. sketch from right to left along the Level line.

7. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 4. 2. click Line. s On the Options Bar. 5. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. for Name. you can label them. click Finish (green check). click Chain. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click Modify. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. 1. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Right-click. On the Mode panel. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 6. Click OK. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool.Roofs . enter Horizontal. On the Properties palette.

Switch to a 3D view.8. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.12" type. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 .

Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. carefully select the far right roof edge. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. click Join/Unjoin Roof. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 2. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 1. This is a two-step process. On the Modify tab. Using the images for guidance. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 3. Edit Geometry panel.Roofs . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

This will join the wall tops to the roof. To select both walls together. 3. Select the roof. Trim Walls 1. Select both walls. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Roofs s 263 . 2. On the Modify Wall panel. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. However.4. select Attach Wall: Top. click Attach: Top/ Base. In the Project Browser. open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Options Bar. the vertical walls extrude through the roof.

In this exercise.rvt. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5.Roofs . s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. The roof now looks correct. Switch to a 3D view. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Because you are in a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. In this exercise. by Footprint. select Garage Roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. From the drop-down list.rvt. from existing walls. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 4. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Build panel. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. so you look straight down as in a plan. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Unit7_first_roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . 1. On the Home tab. Click Yes. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 3.

To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . If you place a line on the wrong side. click Defines Slope. click Pick Walls. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 7. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 8.0". select the vertical wall on the left.5. clear the Defines slope option. Next. 6.Roofs . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. s On Options Bar. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select the right side roof line. change the value to 6"/12". defining lines separately. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. click Finish. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. By default. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Select the left slope defining line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. 2. 1. Click Modify. Roofs s 267 . click Yes.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. To complete the roof. Change this value to 6"/12". It becomes an editable field. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Click the 9"/12" text. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. The new roof displays. Other controls also display. 3.

Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 5. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.4.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.rvt. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.

Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The file opens to a 3D view. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On Home tab. When all of the walls prehighlight. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 3.rvt. Clear Defines Slope. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. click to select them.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. To chain-select all of the walls. set the overhang to 1' 0". 4. Roofs s 269 . On the Options Bar. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.

2. On the Options Bar. 4. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 3. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Using the image for guidance.Create a Roof Opening 1. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Zoom into the chimney area. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. On the Draw panel.Roofs . click Rectangle. As an alternate. Right-click.

On the Options Bar. Click Modify. select the Defines Slope. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. 6. 3. Click Finish. click Yes.Add Slope Lines 1. The slope indicator displays. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. As in the previous exercise. Select the left lower horizontal line. horizontal line. 4. 2. 5. Select the uppermost. select Defines Slope.

Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 8. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.7. In this exercise.Roofs . and chimney penetration. attached walls.

Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Build panel. 5. set Overhang to 2' . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create the Roof 1. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Roofs s 273 . Select Defines Slope.rvt. 4. 3. Select the three walls shown in the image. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Zoom into the area shown. On the Options Bar.0". 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. you create a hip roof. The completed exercise On the Home tab.

Roofs . To close the roof sketch. click Line. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . s s Clear Defines Slope. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. 2. Click OK. On the Properties palette. you use the Line tool. 6. Raise the Roof 1. Switch to a 3D View. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .0". sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. s On the Draw panel. 3. Right-click the ViewCube. In addition.7. Click Finish to complete the roof.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.

you created a hip roof using a footprint.Roofs .2. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall.rvt.

Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 4. Roofs s 277 . click Line. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create a Shed Roof 1.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 3. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Pick Walls. On the Draw panel. The file should open to a 3D view.rvt. 5. 6. Clear Defines Slope. 2. 7. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel.

Click Toggle Slope Defining.8. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".Roofs . 12. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 13. Right-click the line. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Modify. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 10. On the Properties palette. 9. 11. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Select the lower. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

you created a shed roof using a footprint. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 16. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.14. Switch to a 3D view. Finish the Roof. 15.rvt. 18. In this exercise. Click OK. Roofs s 279 . 17. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. click Yes.

Activate the view North Elevation. Open the Default 3D view. 5. The roof updates. You see four levels defined in the model. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. select Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 4. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.rvt. On the menu bar. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Select the Roof. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.Roofs . Cutoff Level list. 3. 2.

6.rvt. 11. Finish the Roof. 10. Roofs s 281 . On the Draw panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 7. 8. 12. set the slope value to 3"/12". Select the inner rectangle as shown. Switch to a 3D View. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. To set the slope for the new roof. click Pick Lines. Zoom and spin to see your model. 13. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 9. select Defines Slope. on the Properties palette. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. In this exercise. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.

A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. In the Type Selector. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the main roof over the house.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. thereby reducing energy consumption. The file should open to a 3D view.Roofs . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 1. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 2. 3.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.

Select Layer 2 as shown. 5. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Clay Tile. s Click OK. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Edit Type. For Name. 3. 2. Roofs s 283 . For Structure Value.Define a Roof Structure 1. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Select the roof over the garage. Click Insert to add a layer. click Edit. It is a generic roof type. 4.

Click OK to exit the dialog box.Roofs . select Model.rvt. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK. 8. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 7. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Click OK twice. The garage roof displays a pattern.s s s In the Materials dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. 6. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer.

Roofs s 285 . On the Insert tab. click Roof > Fascia.rfa. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 3. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Click Open. or for decoration. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 2. to support a gutter. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.rvt. 4. On the Home tab. In the Open dialog box.

5. Set the Material value to Metal . click Edit Type. For Name. 6. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click OK. for Profile. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.Paint Finish Ivory. Click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Matte.

Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. 9. you defined and applied a roof fascia. In this exercise. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.

select Metal Aluminum. select Gutter . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 1. click Roof > Gutter. you add gutters to a building. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Click OK. 6. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. For Name. 5. under Profile parameter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Under Material parameter. s Click Duplicate. Place Gutters In this exercise. On the Home tab.Bevel: 5" x 5". To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.rvt. 2.Roofs . click Edit Type. The completed exercise 4. 3. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. The file should open to a 3D view.

Save the file as Unit7_gutters. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 10. you attached gutters to a roof. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 11. 9. In this exercise.7.rvt. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 8. Roofs s 289 . Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. If you click the interior face. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners.

and cold.Roofs . s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . water.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat.

what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. s Place gutters. Gable b. General Questions 1. True b. s Place fascia. False 2. a. When referring to roof slope. Low b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. High d. a.Roofs . the run is always 12. Shed 4. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. True b. s Define a roof structure. Gambrel d. Hip c. None of the above 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles.

Sketch. Footprint b. face b. ENTER 4. Face 3. Cut/Lengthen c. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. lines c. Walls d. False 5. 10. sketch. Material 8. True b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Defines Slope c. A compound roof contains layers. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Change the direction of the roof. a. Sketch c. Footprint. Create Slope d. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Turn slopes on or off. Create an opening. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. a. Roofs can be created using ______. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. a. extrusion. pick d. b. profile 2. TAB b. a. a. Footprint. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. c. Footprint b. Walls. extrusion. To add a slope to a roofline. a. Trim/Extend b. a. SHIFT c. place a check mark next to: a. Change the direction of the slope. True b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. True b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. profile. ______ or _______. d. False 7. Activate Slope 9. you use: a. Slope c. Extrusion d. Add Slope b. Expand/Contract 6. DEL d.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create material annotations. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create filled regions. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.

floor. cabinetry. and special equipment. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. In a commercial structure. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . and tool racks. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. the kitchen. bathrooms. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Sections are used to examine the roof. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. After completing this lesson. In a residential building. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. the location of special equipment. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). technology. Technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . across its narrower dimension. on the long axis of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. framing.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. t Cross or transverse sections. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). and foundation plans. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and are properly cross-referenced.Sections and Elevations .

such as framing connections and foundation details. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. and steel.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s The position relationship between different elements. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. For larger elevations. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations .

quantity. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. or methods of installation. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. East. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. The size of the object is listed first. Unnecessary Information Shades. South. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and then the name of the material. cars. this is reversed. the titles assigned (North. however. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans." Mfr. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Therefore. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. people. followed by any additional information about spacing. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. With interior elevations. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. For a wood structure. You may. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. and so forth. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. For siding. For example. bushes. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. shadows. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation.

Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. casements. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Hinges are concealed. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is normally decorative in nature. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. and materials used. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". This is more costly than regular overlay. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. doors. It can also be used around doorways and windows. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. It may have curves. and lip.Sections and Elevations . or MDF. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. coving. tile. and types of finish materials used. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". and special equipment such as toilets. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. or a baseboard. chamfers. Molding is usually made of plaster. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. dishwashers. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. This is usually done using a topset. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. or decorative patterns. other openings. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. wood. flush overlay. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. and other appliances. or linoleum) and the wall. doors and direction of door swings. windows. The trim is usually glued into place. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. shelf arrangements. which is a formed pressboard.

Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Change the section head. which you can then add to a sheet. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create an interior elevation. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Create and add notes to a detail section.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add slope annotations. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . and a section symbol on all plans. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Technology. Once created. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This lesson relates to science. engineering. Engineering.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. A section is a horizontal view. and math standards.Sections and Elevations . like an elevation. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and Language Arts.

provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. or other section view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example.

you can more closely control what displays in the section view. By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view. When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.

s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. So. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Add structural details. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Details are crucial for effective construction. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add breaklines as needed. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. tracing over the existing elements. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Once you create the detail section. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. such as anchor bolts and siding. In a set of construction documents. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add detail notes. In the example shown.

try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations .

Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Open the file ADA_Sections. The completed exercise 6. click Section. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The file opens to a 3D view. Sections and Elevations s 311 .rvt. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Create panel. 4. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. On the View tab. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The Section command is available from the View tab. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 2. 3. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. In the Scale list on the Options Bar.

312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. On the Properties palette. 3. The actual location is not critical. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. and it has control grips to resize it.Sections and Elevations . The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. This is called the crop region. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. With the section line selected. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. 2. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. Section Properties 1. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.

6. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you automatically created a section view.rvt. In this exercise. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The view is listed in your Project Browser. 5. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 7. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Clear Crop Region Visible. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The section view updates. 8.4. When you drew the section line. Sections and Elevations s 313 . In the Properties palette.

Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Section Head . In the Type Properties dialog box. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. click Load Family. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.Filled.1 point Filled.rvt. 3.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. For Name. Click Open to load the family.rfa. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Select Section Head-Open. Settings panel.Sections and Elevations . Several section head families are available. 5. They include Section Head . In this exercise.No Arrow. The view does not change. enter Open Arrow. Click OK. Load from Library panel. 6. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 7. and Section Head . Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. click Duplicate. On the Insert tab. On the Manage tab. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 4.

For Name.8. For Section Head. select Section Head . 12. In the Section Tag field. 13. Click OK. 9. Save as Unit8_section_open. select Open Arrow. On the Properties palette. 14. click Edit Type. Sections and Elevations s 315 . The section head updates to the new head type.Open. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click Duplicate. Click OK. 10. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the section line. enter Open Arrow. In this exercise. 11.

Sections and Elevations . 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select the border of the callout.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 4. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Use the image below for guidance. 3. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.rvt. 5. This is a building section. 6. On the Options Bar. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. To reposition the callout head. On the View tab. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Create panel. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. click Callout. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 2. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.

Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners.7. 1. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 4. You can add detail lines. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Detail panel. On the Properties palette. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. as shown. On the Draw panel. but not strongly. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. click Region > Filled Region. 8. detail components.rvt. Line is selected automatically. 3. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. region patterns. 2. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. select Chain. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view.

You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. enter Earth. 6. For Name. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Select the upper and right side lines.5. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. On the Properties palette. 7. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

2.8. From the Fill Pattern list. the filled region may appear as solid fill. click Load Family. If you zoom in closer. the pattern becomes visible.rfa. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Click OK. 3. click Component > Detail Component. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Detail panel. On the Mode panel. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 9. 1.Section. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Click Open. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. select Finish (green check).

CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 5.Sections and Elevations . In the Specify Types dialog box. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. From the Type Selector. Click OK. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4.

Using the image below for guidance. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. 7. 8. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance.6. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector list. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Add another Detail Component.

Select the vertical plywood. Use the image below for guidance. 10. set the Thickness to 3/4". select anchor bolt. This component represents the subflooring. From the Type Selector. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 11. Click Modify. Click Component > Detail Component. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the component similarly to the image below. On the Properties palette. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 12.Sections and Elevations .9. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.

On the Modify panel of the context tab. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Click Modify. select Copy. On the Options Bar. 14.13. From the Type Selector. select Multiple. Add another Detail Component. select Lap Siding. Use the image below for guidance.

On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . Start at the end of the siding. From the Line Style Selector. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add Detail Lines 1.15. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. select Wide Lines. Save the file. 2. click Detail Line. 16. Detail panel. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.

The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.3. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Still using Wide Lines. 4. Zoom out. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.

10. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Detail panel. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Save the file. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Click Edit in the Structure field. Add Insulation 1. 8. select the Material field in row 3. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 7. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box.Sections and Elevations . click Insulation.6. Right-click. Click Modify. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. identified as Wall material 1. On the Annotate tab. Next. 2. 9. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. The wall display updates. Select the wall so it highlights. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list.

3. 1. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Your view should resemble the image shown. select Break Line. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 327 . click Component > Detail Component. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. From the Type Selector.2.

7.Sections and Elevations . Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. detail lines. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. and detail components to it. Place the breakline as shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. The Detail Component tool is still active. You place another breakline. To complete the detail. The view should resemble the image shown. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. In this exercise. Save the file. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. 5. 6. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Zoom to Fit.

rvt. 2. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 1. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. To add notes. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. s Clear Annotation Crop. 3. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. or methods of installation. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). The size of the object is listed first. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. and ventilation methods in construction documents. weatherproofing. quantity.

Move the pointer up 11. click Text. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Text panel. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. click Two Segments.4" WEATHERING. insulation. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. As you pull your cursor to the right. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 6. leader arrow as shown. 12.Sections and Elevations .4. 5. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. 7. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. From the Type list. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. R13. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 10. Finally. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 9. On the Format panel. 8. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry.

Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board... 20. Start the next text at the interior wall. Start the next text at the floorboard. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. . You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Click off the text to finish the entry.C. 19. 16. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. is an acronym for On Center. 15. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.TYPE X.13. 17. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 5/8" GWB .C. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. as the second line of text.C. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. 18.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 14. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the baseboard. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 23. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Note: CONC signifies concrete.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify.rvt. In this exercise. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit.. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 21. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click ENTER to start a second line. 22.

You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 4. Sections and Elevations s 333 . In the Project Browser. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Right-click. Highlight your title block. Click Open. 5. 2. you will want to add the views to a sheet. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 6. The new sheet becomes the current view. or elevation view. and locate the detail view on it. highlight Sheets. Locate the A-Landscape.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. click Load. 3. section. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Click New Sheet. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.rvt. In this exercise.

7. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. close to the crop border. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. click Show Crop Region. 9. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. 8. Click the control at its left end. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Drag it to the right. Select a Level Line. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. select view Detail at Foundation. click Hide Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.Sections and Elevations . 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

In this exercise. enter S. In the Project Browser. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. Click Rename. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. 12. Click OK.rvt.301. 13. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Name. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click Zoom to Fit. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. highlight the new sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. For Number. 11. Right-click.10. Sections and Elevations s 335 .

Turn On Elevation Markers 1.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 6. 2. Click the Annotations tab. It is defined by the green dotted line. Open ADA_Elevations. 3. Select Elevations. The elevation markers are now visible. When you create a project with a template. s Add slope indication for roof. and west. Right-click. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Click OK. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . four elevation views are included: north. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. s Set the display for building components as needed. 5.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. south. east. s Add material notes. 2. Click Zoom to Fit.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add any necessary dimensions. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 4.

Next. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 5. 4. Sections and Elevations s 337 . 3. On the Modelling tab. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Annotations tab.2. clear Sections. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. On the View Control Bar. clear Planting. Switch to an Elevation View 1.

click to open the list. Select Sand.Exterior Stucco. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 11. and modified the wall display characteristics. click Edit Type. you activated an elevation view.rvt. modified its display. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 9. 10. Select the Material field for Layer 1. select Edit in the Structure field. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In Surface Pattern. Select the wall.7. On the Properties palette. It will be identified as Condo . 13.Sections and Elevations . Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 12. 8. Click the button that displays to select a material.

you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.rvt. quantity. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Enter TX. Add a note for the foundation. or methods of installation. 2. 3. Add a note for the stone wall. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. In the Type Selector. 5. 4. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

8. In this exercise.rvt. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the brick wall. 9. 7. Add a note for the exterior stucco.Sections and Elevations .6. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the roof. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.

Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 6.rvt. 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Options Bar. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 3. 4. from the Slope Representation list. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. select Triangle. enter 1/8". Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 5. Sections and Elevations s 341 . click Spot Slope. Dimension panel. For Offset from Reference. 2. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Click to select the roof line. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. On the Annotate tab. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.

Click to select the roof line. click Aligned. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Dimension panel. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 9.7. 10. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 11. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown.Sections and Elevations .

and dimensions for clarity. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. The west elevation now contains material notes. slope indicators. 14. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.12. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. In this exercise. Arrange notes. leaders. and vertical dimensions. 13. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Sections and Elevations s 343 . select wall breaks and levels.rvt.

In this exercise. Highlight the view. equipment rooms. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. and cabinetry.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.Sections and Elevations . dimensions. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. 3. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Right-click. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Click Find Referring Views. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. kitchens. Click Open View.rvt. In the Project Browser. This view was already defined in the drawing. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . special closets. 2.

Select Suppress 0 Feet. In the Name box. 6. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. 5. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click the value field for Units Format 8. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. s s s s Click Duplicate. Right-click. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 7.4. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. Dimension panel. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. click OK. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Clear Use Project Settings.

detail the interior section. 10. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. In this exercise. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Using the Text and Dimension tools.9. You modified a dimension style.rvt.Sections and Elevations .

The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Either one. s Create filled regions. it depends. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . a. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Bathrooms and kitchens b. True b. Walls c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. General Questions 1. 4. Not in Concrete b. c. Show the relationships between elements. Cabinetry d. b. s Create material annotations. False 3. All of the above. is always the true orientation. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. 2. s Create slope annotations. The orientation of the exterior elevation. The direction the viewer is facing. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Create a section view. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. b. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The direction the structure is facing. Nobody in Charge d. Not in Contract c. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. such as north. d. All of the above 5.

4. click Sheet Composition > View. Right-click. The height of the view. Element properties c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The Visual Style of the view. East b. b. False 5. b and c. North 3. d. False 2. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. you use: a. c. True b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. South d. a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. b. Sun and Shadow b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The dotted line indicates: a. The boundaries of the view. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Which elevation is it? a. The detail level of the view. True b. West c. a. Click Add View.Sections and Elevations . Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. c. but not a 6. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. d. On the View tab.

Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 5. Review Schedules. s Load a schedule tag. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 2. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 3.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. After completing this lesson.Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.

width. About Schedules s 351 . height. such as reference number. and math standards. and thickness. Some of these building objects include. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Engineering. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. This lesson relates to science. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and Language Arts. technology. engineering. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.

Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. There are different types of schedule tables. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules . depending on the style of the architectural firm. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the same primary information is included. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. However. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Instance. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.

About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Like schedules. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. E for electrical.Schedules . hexagon. However. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Using the software. The following image shows door. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. window. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Other letters are P for plumbing. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. A circle.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and A for appliances. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols.

and Language Arts. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. engineering. windows. Project templates include preset schedules. s Create a room schedule. equipment. materials. and math standards. Schedules s 355 .Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Engineering. Math (STEM). rooms. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. technology. Schedules list items such as doors. and you can create your own schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. hardware. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add room tags. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. s Export a schedule.

Schedules . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. and you set the schedule to display totals. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.rvt. 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

select Comments. Height. Continue to add fields to the schedule. 3. In Available Fields. Click Add. 6. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Schedules s 357 . In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 4. Type Mark. Level. Add Count.s Window Tag 5. On the View tab. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. and Width. 7. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Select Windows from the list.

8. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 9. from left to right. Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Click OK to finish the schedule. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules . Move the fields so they display in the order shown.

Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. 1. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Select Blank Line. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. From the Sort By list. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. but without any useful calculations yet. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Schedules s 359 . 3. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 2. select Type Mark.

2. select Level. in this case). In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In order to calculate the total number of windows. clear Itemize Every Instance. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in the Then By sorting field. click Edit. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. you can have the schedule report this. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Notice how the schedule has changed.Schedules . The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 3. In the Project Browser. click the schedule name. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. 1. Rather than make a manual calculation. for Sorting/ Grouping.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. On the Properties palette. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.

select Title. From the list. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. 6.5. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Set the schedule to display category totals. On the Properties palette. Count. In this exercise. click Edit 7. and Totals. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping.rvt. The totals for each window type now display. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Schedules s 361 . select Footer. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.

you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 3. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. On the Home tab. 2. Room size. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 4. Room & Area panel. floor type. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.rvt.Schedules . Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. ceiling type. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. occupancy. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. click Room > Room. click Overwrite the Existing Version. based on the amount of space in each room. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. In this exercise. Click Open. 5. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Locate the file named Room Tag.

click Room > Room Separation Line. and in the hall as shown. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 6. a total of 7. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. On the Home tab. Schedules s 363 . 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area.In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Room & Area panel. 8.

11. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 12. 10.Schedules . Place a room tag below the room separation line. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. The cursor changes to sketch mode.9. 13. On the Room & Area panel. The room tag updates. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The area value for Room 7 updates. s Click the Room text. click Room. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Modify. An edit box activates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Select Room #2.

Schedules s 365 . enter Sales. On the Properties palette. 15. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.14. s Tagged various objects. s Added a room separation. In this exercise.rvt. s Changed room tag field values. you: s Loaded a room tag. for Name.

Click Add--> after each selection. Click OK. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 2. The completed exercise 5. 3. On the View tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Set the Sort By value to Number. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. and Area to be included in your schedule. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. For Name. In the Available Fields pane.Schedules . Create panel. 4. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms.rvt. Create a Room Schedule 1. Name. select Number. 6. enter Square Footage Report.

s Set Alignment to Right. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Grand Totals. Schedules s 367 . This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. 9. Click the Formatting tab. Select Title and Totals from the list. Change the Heading to No. In the Format dialog box. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click OK. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 10. Highlight the Area field.7. s Select Calculate Totals. 8. Highlight the Number field. clear Use Project Settings. s Click Field Format.

you: s Created a room schedule.Schedules . Click OK to exit the dialog box. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. 12. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. s Totaled one of the columns.rvt.11. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

3. Schedules s 369 . click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Double-click it to open it. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. locate the file you created. Using your Windows Explorer.rvt. The file is created. 2. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. you export the room schedule to a text file. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 6. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 4. You can then use this file in other applications. Click Save. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 5. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Click OK. On the application menu. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Note the formatting that has been applied.txt) file. Browse to a directory to save your report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 8. Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .7.Schedules . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.

s Export a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. True b. d. a. Quantity c. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Questions 1. False 4. a. Type b. True b. s Reformat a schedule. you learned to: s Create a schedule. 2. s Place a schedule tag. Instance 3. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. None of the above. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Matrix d. b. A list of sheets used in a project. What is a schedule table? a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . c. s Load a schedule tag.

use the ____ . Application menu d. Modify 2. Annotate tab b.Schedules . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. XLS c. Annotate b. Home d. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. CSV d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. View tab c. View c. TXT b. To export a schedule. Manage tab 3.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 4. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Lesson Plan 1. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways.

s Export a walkthrough. Engineering. you create a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization . Math (STEM). and Language Arts. s Assign materials. s Export a DWG file. s Place a camera. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Finally. or camera on a path. s Add planting components. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create and edit a walkthrough.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Orient walls and windows. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Apply shading to a view. s Create a raytrace rendering. Technology. After completing this lesson. s Play a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export an FBX file. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine.

You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. You worked on animations. s Make a camera view the active view. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. s s 2. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Open Unit2_custom_family.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Assign materials. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.

376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.3. Select any exterior wall. The walls now display layers of materials. 6. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Right-click. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Stud. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select one of the exterior walls. 4. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 5.Visualization . The wall display updates.

Click Change wall's orientation. Select walls. 8. 10. Right-click. Repeat the process for the windows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. you can: s s s 9. In addition to using the control arrows. Visualization s 377 . select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select Site: Grass. Open the Default 3D view. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select the toposurface object. Click OK. On the Properties palette.7.

12. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. you have completed this exercise. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Select File to Import dialog box.Visualization . Select the Roof. and click Open.rvt. Depending on your system resources. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 2. for Files of type.11. click Import > Import. This will filter the file list.FBX). 3. Click OK in any notices and warnings. On the application menu. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. select Autodesk (*. On the application menu. Export the Model to FBX 1. click Export > FBX.

There is no way to update it from Revit. On the application menu. Close the file without saving. 2. you have completed this exercise.4. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. 3. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. If necessary. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Export the Model to DWG 1. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Note the file location.rvt. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Open or return to Revit. Depending on your system resources. Visualization s 379 . Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click Next.

Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu. open Unit10_Export. click Attach This File. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.4.rvt. Click Open. 9. click File. Select two windows as shown. Open or return to Revit. Open 3ds Max Design. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 5. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Close the File Link Manager. 8. In the File Link Manager . 6. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 7.max. Select the file name. If necessary. click References > File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.

11. In the dialog box. Open the 3D view. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. Visualization s 381 . The windows have updated. On the application menu. 12. 13.10.

s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. Open the File Link Manager. The linked file updates. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the Files tab. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Click Reload. 15.14. In this exercise. s Changed a material definition. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Close the File Link Manager. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Oriented walls and windows. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.Visualization . The windows have changed.

and create a second rendering. If you place the camera too close to the model. click Camera. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Place a Camera 1. Open Unit10_Export. On the View tab. Visualization s 383 . Create panel. you place a camera in a model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. 2. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera.rvt. In this exercise. Open the Site view. as shown. 3. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. generate a rendering. add plantings to the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. change materials.

4. If necessary. 6. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. select Very Few Clouds. The camera will be visible. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. On the View Control Bar. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera perspective view opens. click Show Rendering Dialog. Open the Site view again. 2. Return to the perspective view. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Click Show Camera. Right-click. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 7. 5.Visualization . Render Setup 1.

30' approximately as shown. Enhance the Model 1. Visualization s 385 . Open view 3D View 1. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open the Site view. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Click Render. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . On the Massing & Site tab.3. 3. Model Site panel. click Site Component. Output Settings. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. and Lighting. 2. Click Render.

select Roofing . Change Materials 1. 5. Select an exterior wall. Revit places the image in its own view. 4. click Edit Type. click OK. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Materials list.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Layer 1 Material field. 3. 5. On the Properties palette. 6. 2. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Click Edit in the Structure field. and you can now select elements for editing. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. In the Rendering dialog box.4.Wood Shake. click Save to Project. In the Save to Project dialog box. click Show the Model. click Edit Type. The model displays in the view.

7. 9. 8.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.10. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace. Click Edit in the Structure field.

s Placed site planting components in the model. Click OK. click Save to Project. In this exercise.11. s Generated and captured a render image. In the Rendering dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. click Render. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 16. 15. 14.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Select Masonry . s Created a raytrace setup. The new image is placed in its own view. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_render. 12.rvt. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Generated and captured a second render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.Visualization . 13.

s View the animation in a media player. 3. To place a key frame. s Right-click. s Right-click again. rendered. s Edit the camera and path. Each view. s On the View tab. click 3d View > Walkthrough. 2. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. or frame. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Visualization s 389 . Create panel. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. or walkthroughs. 4.rvt. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. The camera and path can be edited.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. click to the left of the model as shown. Open floor plan view Level 1. Click Zoom Out (2x). along the path can be viewed in different modes. and exported individually. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Click Zoom to Fit. in a project model. Open Unit10_render. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.

Walkthrough panel. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. click Finish Walkthrough. The Options Bar changes. 11. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The camera is located on the final key frame. Select the direction control for the camera. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 6.5. click Edit Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.Visualization . 9. Drag it to the left. 8. 10. Repeat for all the key frames. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 7.

Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Click Edit Walkthrough. The path displays control dots at key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. From the Controls list. 3. Click Open. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. If camera positions distort. click Next Key Frame. 13. Visualization s 391 . The camera is too close to the model to show it well. select Path. 2. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Check the view in several key frames.12.

In the Length/Format dialog box. Export the Walkthrough 1. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. click OK.rvt. Click Save.Play the Walkthrough 1. 4. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. notice where you save the file. Revit generates the external AVI file. The walkthrough plays in the view window. select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Click Play. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. File Name. 2. On the application menu. In the Video Compression dialog box.Visualization . 3. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. Click OK.

Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player. 6. such as shaded or rendering. Double-click the new file name. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Plan your class time accordingly. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time.5.

Visualization . 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . save the Revit Architecture file. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Edited the path.7. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. If you have made changes to the building model.

a. s Assign materials. a. Split b. a. True b. s Export a DWG file. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Demolish 2. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. True b. View > Shading d. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Play a walkthrough. True b. Questions 1. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. Align c. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Export > FBX 3. Flip Orientation d. Print to File b. Save As > FBX c. s Export a walkthrough.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Add planting components. s Orient walls and windows. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. s Apply shading to a view. you use: a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. you use: a. s Place a camera. False 2.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

4. Lesson Plan 1. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 2. foundations. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. beams and braces. you learn how to place structural columns. In the following exercises. beam systems. beams. 6. 3. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. and braces.

Structural . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . beams.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.Structural . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls. especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other building objects. Knowing where structural members.

Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Technology. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Structural s 401 . Create column grids. After completing this lesson. Place beam systems and braces.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering.

this is known as post and beam construction. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. wood. Open Deck Framing. wood. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. In this exercise. Select a floor. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. click Column > Structural Column. 2. On the View Control Bar.Hide Category. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. They come in types defined by size and shape. In residential construction. 1. Structural columns can be steel. beams can be steel. or concrete. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . or reinforced concrete. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. spans without walls.Structural . 3. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. On the Build panel of the Home tab.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. often mainly glass.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Beams connect columns or walls. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. As with columns. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise.

On the Options Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Structural s 403 . 6.4. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 8. 3A. and 4B. 5. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. On the View Control Bar. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Depth. 7. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. In the Type Selector. Click the edge of the right floor to select it.

9. Zoom in so you can see the deck. rail. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 11. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The columns are now hidden by the floors. 2. Click Hide In View > Element. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. In the Project Browser. 10. Hold CTRL and select the two floors.Structural . Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click OK. Place Beams 1. and columns clearly. Click OK. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

click Beam. In the Type Selector. On the Structure tab. Structure panel.3. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 4. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Chain. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s In the view window. On the Options Bar. To place beams: Structural s 405 . Click. 5.

On the Properties palette.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. Click. 7. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6.

On the Properties palette. Click Modify. click Make Wall Bearing. 9. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click OK. Click. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. In this exercise. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Save the file as Deck Beams.rvt. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. 11. Structure panel. as shown. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click on grid intersection B4. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. 12. Structural s 407 . click Beam. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. If a Warning dialog box that opens.8.

Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Open Deck Beams. you: s Place beam systems. Place Beam Systems 1. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Structure panel. The completed exercise 5. s Place braces. distance. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Structure tab. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. In this exercise. 3.rvt. 2. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. or number of beams in a bay. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click No.Structural . Click the beam on Grid 1. 4. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click Sketch Beam System. click Beam System. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. click Pick Supports. This system saves time when preparing framing plans.

Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line. as shown.6. 7.

Click Finish. click Pick Supports. s s On the Draw panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s s s On the Draw panel. s 9. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. On the Properties palette. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens.6". 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Finish (green check).2". On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Click the beam on Grid 2. click Create Similar. click Line. 11. set Elevation to -0'-9". 10. On the Mode panel.8. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .Structural .

set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Adjust the view crop region as shown. unlike regular elevations. Click to place the elevation. 5. 2.Place Braces 1. 4. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. In the Project Browser. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the Structure tab. On the View Control Bar. 3. as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Structural s 411 . It has an automatic work plane. On the View tab. Structure panel. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Create panel. click Brace. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a.

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Click Modify.6. to start the brace. In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . In the Type Selector. Repeat the brace going right to left. 8. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 9.

s Placed braces. 11. In this exercise. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems.rvt.10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 .

Structural . This is a common step early in designing a large building. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and section views. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. as shown. s s In the view window. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. but they can also be angular and radial. Datum panel. In plan views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Grid datasets. In this exercise. click Grid. The exact length is not critical. elevation. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. The numbering automatically increments. The exact location is not critical. You can change a grid number at any time.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. and walls. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Pull the cursor straight up. 2. beams.

Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place a new grid line. Structural s 415 .3.

To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Click to start a grid line. Pull the cursor to the right. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 6. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.5. The new grid line will be number 3. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. click Copy. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. The new grid line is number 5. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Grid 3 is already the selection set. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. close to the heads. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Pull the cursor to the left. Enter A at the keyboard. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Repeat to create grid line 4. click to place the grid line. Press ENTER.Structural . Press ENTER. s Select Grid Line 2. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 7.

1.8. The Grid tool is still active. s Click Copy. On the grid line. 11. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one.1 is still selected. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Structural s 417 . Change the number to 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Select grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset. This completes the main grid. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Grid 2. 9. This grid line will be number B. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 10. s Click to place the grid line.

set Offset to 15'-0". Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Zoom to Fit. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. s s Click grid intersection D3. Create panel. On the Home tab. On the Options Bar.Structural . 4. Change the number to EE. Click to place the grid head. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". click Grid. On the Draw panel.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 3.000 o . s Click to start the grid line. On the Draw panel. click Radius. In the Radius field. Press ENTER. select Center-Ends Arc. click Pick. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . enter 15. On the Options Bar. Click in the new grid bubble.

Select grid 3 to show its controls. 7. 6. Structural s 419 . Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click to place grid FF. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line.5. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. You will need to identify it easily.

Press ENTER. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 9. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s Select grid 3.000. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Pick Axis.8. click Mirror . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Enter 31 to change the name. s Select grid 31. s In this exercise. Click to place the grid line. s Click grid intersection D3. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. 11.rvt. click Create Similar. Click in the new grid bubble. Zoom to Fit. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s 10. Revit will create grid 32.

s 3. Now you place columns at grid intersections. you typically create a grid. s Add footings to columns. In the Type Selector. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Open ADA_Grids-complete. s Use a column grid to place beams. 2. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. click Column > Structural Column. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural s 421 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In this exercise. Structure panel. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. As a result. This is a steel column. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33.

5. A. click At Grids. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.s s On the Options Bar. 4. click Finish.Structural . 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. 6. In the Multiple panel. C and D. On the Multiple panel. 2. B. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. set Height to Level 3. 4.

Structural s 423 . click On Grids. Window-select all the grid lines. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. Click Grid 1. 5. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. and beams will move to the right. click Beam. The grid. On the Multiple panel. 3.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 2. columns. 4. Zoom to Fit. click Finish.

2. click No. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 1. click At Columns. On the Multiple panel. 6. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3. click Isolated. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.Structural . Open the Default 3D view. click Undo. Click Redo. In the view window. 4. click Finish. window-select all the columns. On the Quick Access toolbar. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Multiple panel. Columns and beams will move to the right. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 6. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. A warning displays. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Structural s 425 .5. To change the size of the footing. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing had been placed at Level 1. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". The footing changes size. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 7. in the Type Selector. Click OK. s On the Properties palette.

you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout.Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams.8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In this exercise. Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. spans.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

True b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Column b. s Place beam systems. All of the above. s Place braces. False Summary/Questions s 429 . 2. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Change a grid layout. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Beam d. Brace c. Questions 1. s Add footings to columns.

d. 5. 2. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. you: a. All of the above. c. 3. A and B. Flip Orientation d. To create a beam system. Stretch b. a. When placing columns or beams. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select the type of beam or column to place. True b. a. Properties c.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Structural . True b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To change the height of a column. you use: a. d. b. Pick points. A but not B. If you relocate a grid line. you can: a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Select a beam type and define the system layout. False 4.

Executive Director. CA Ronald A Williams.Director. Ltd.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Poway. Copyright s 431 . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Poway High School.iteaconnect. Susan Harrington . International Technology Education Association www.Teacher. WI Roger Dohm . PE .org Project Lead the Way. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Milwaukee. Starkweather .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Smith . Mathematics.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Randy Dymond.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Instructor. Inc. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . South Division High School.

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