Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. the display shows editable distances and angles.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . intersections.

roofs. You can add building elements in plan. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Other building elements such as doors. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. stairs. elevation.Software Tools . floors. and 3D views. windows.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. section.

While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. or at any time after.

If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence.Software Tools .

you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Math (STEM). s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Engineering. and math standards. About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. and Language Arts. s Place a predefined Mass family. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Constrain placement of objects. s Describe the tools for placing building elements.

This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or masses. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. size. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape.Software Tools . Masses can be edited in many ways. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. walls. you can create in-place masses. There are mass families available to load into a project. such as distance requirements from roadways. A designer.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and curtain systems. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. owner. roofs. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and then converted into building components such as floors. quickly. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

walls. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. roofs. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . and curtain systems by selecting faces of. or within.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

engineering. and math standards. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. This lesson relates to science. s Explain the use of dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . s Recognize temporary dimensions.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. and symbol heads. technology. Annotation includes text notes. and Language Arts. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. legends. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. tags.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited. Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular. radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.y.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . engineering. s Work with tool buttons. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and math standards. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. the Type Selector. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Software Tools . s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. technology. Math (STEM). s Open and use ribbon tabs. Technology. s Open tabs on the ribbon.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Options Bar. This lesson relates to science.

Some commands will not be active (that is. for instance. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. beams. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Display and Navigation s 31 . The ribbon sits above the drawing window. doors. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Its position is fixed. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. windows. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. detailing. braces.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 . and foundations. slabs. symbols. and text. trusses. columns. structural walls. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.

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Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

copy/paste. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters. materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . Print. Save. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. Legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. families. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules.Software Tools . sheets. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. with four elevation markers visible. and groups. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 .

Software Tools . The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. rendering (in 3D views). The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. Windows panel on the ribbon. cropping. View Control Bar View scale. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. visual style. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . A check mark indicates it is visible. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. level of detail. sun settings.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. but not at Coarse. Display and Navigation s 43 . The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. Display and Navigation s 47 . and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. date and time. or by global location.

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The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls.Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them. along with other display settings. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

Collaborate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. View. Structure. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Insert. Manage and Modify. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Annotate. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. To activate or open a view. Display and Navigation s 55 . Nine tabs are available: Home. Massing & Site. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Options Bar. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Display and Navigation s 57 . Properties Palette. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. showing options that you can select while you are working. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window.Context Tabs. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. When a context tab is active.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

such as File Open. the application menu. Click a file name to open that file. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and Publish. Export. New File. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Print. File Close only appears on the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . File Save.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

Do this for other tabs. The panel titles display under the tab titles. The completed exercise 4. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. or click New > Project from the application menu. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Navigation s 67 . On the ribbon. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 3. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. 2. make the Home tab active. If you select the menu option. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. To start a new project. After you have examined each of them.

They disappear when you move the cursor away. Close the file without saving. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Cycle Through All. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.5. you opened a project file. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. and then viewed. 7. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. In this exercise. Icons for panels display below tab titles.Software Tools .

doubleclick the view name.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open quick_start_building_elements. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.rvt. Exercise 2. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Project Browser. Display and Navigation s 69 . Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. You worked on this file in Getting Started.

Click Filter panel > Filter. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. You are selecting everything visible. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". all the walls. 6.Software Tools . . Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click any interior wall. 5. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. doors. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. On the Properties palette. 4. 7. Clear Walls and Doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .3. Click OK. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 8. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. and windows highlight blue. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type.

click Create panel > Create Similar. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. examined the menus and toolbars. 10. In this exercise. 12.9.rvt. On the Properties palette. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click any door. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. you opened a project file. Place a door as shown.

floors). s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. annotations. display controls. Technology. schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. operating settings. Engineering. s Work with Revit families. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties.Software Tools . building elements (walls.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. drafting views. lines. s Load and place component families. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. templates. You can create sections. and elevation views by default. and Language Arts. and views. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. mechanical equipment). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit provides floor plan. Math (STEM). and 3D views using the View menu. Pan. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Component families include model objects (furniture. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Create a new in-place family. System families include levels. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. In the exercises. ceiling plan. either predefined or user-created.

engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology. and math standards.This lesson relates to science.

View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. is an extensive database. Open Unit2_building_elements. Click the Annotation Categories tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. VG also opens the dialog box.rvt. Four elevation markers are visible. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. even a small one. The completed exercise Visibility 1. 2.Software Tools . First. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. The display changes.Exercise: View Controls A building model. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Use your keyboard to enter VV. There is also a copy in the course datasets. The elevation markers disappear from the view. 3. Right-click. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. There is no way to see everything in it.

This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. Right-click.4. Enter ZF. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Click Zoom In Region. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . There are two parts to an elevation. Right-click. click Detail Level. Select Detail Level: Medium. so be sure to select them both. 7. 6. 5. On the View Control Bar. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Select the roof outline. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker.

The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Turn off visibility of the elevations. as before. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. change the Underlay value to None. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window.8. Click Zoom to Fit. View Properties 1. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. On the Properties palette. 2. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. You simplify it into a Roof Plan.Software Tools . doors and windows are not shown. Enter VH.

the ridge is now visible. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. enter Roof. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Set the cut plane value to 7' .0". 4. Next to View Range. Click Rename. click Edit. For Name.3. and where the cut plane sits. Click OK.

Accept the location that activates. select Still. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 4. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8.Software Tools . select Shadows On. In the dialog box that opens. Open Elevation view South. select Shading with Edges. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 3. 5. under Solar Study. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field.Graphic Display Options 1. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 2. Set the time to 9:30 am. In the Presets list. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Winter Solstice. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.

Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.rvt. In this exercise. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 6. The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.

and families in place. roofs. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. walls. floors. you open an existing project file. Additionally. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. load. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. furniture). furniture. Doors are considered standard family entities. This exercise illustrates how you locate. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. There are system families.rvt. commercial. windows.Software Tools . click Door. and so on. such as levels. s A system family. railings. lights. and furniture. You add closet doors to interior walls. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. 2. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. and place Revit families. Build panel. or institutional structures. These components are called families and there are several different types. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 3. and use a Revit family to place a door. Open Unit2_views. doors and windows are dependent on walls). except they are fully parametric and table-driven. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and floors. and annotations are examples of standard families.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. On the Home tab. standard families. windows. In Revit. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Doors. is predefined within Revit. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. or stand-alone (for example. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.

Locate Double Panel 2. Click Open. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rfa.rfa. Project files have a file extension of *. As you move your cursor near any wall. Click Open. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Furniture. If you highlight a door family. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. 4. Family files have a file extension of *. 5. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Click the Doors folder. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. It has a number of different sizes defined. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Accept the default size. You click to place an instance of the door family.rvt. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . and Annotation. Tag panel. s s 6.

The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. 9. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . loaded.rvt.Software Tools . Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. simply click it. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.7. you located. Place two more instances of the door as shown. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Place an instance of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. but not strongly. 8.

Open Unit2_doors_walls. and create an in-place family. you open an existing project file. Click OK. click Duplicate. modify a door family. 5. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. enter 48" x 80". Working with Views and Objects s 83 .rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the double door as shown. The required width is not available. 4. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. For Name. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 2. 3.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide.

click Component > Model In-Place. is to create a component family in place. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Build panel. For Name. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. On the Home tab. In the dialog box.Software Tools . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 1. 3. 2. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 5. Click OK. select Generic Models. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 4. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.6. On the Properties palette. enter Hall Clock. The door updates. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

You have created the base of the clock. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).0' 2". 8. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 13. Click OK. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.4" as shown. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. as shown. 11. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".2". Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.rvt. 7. 9. Revit will display . On the Draw panel. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. In this exercise. click Rectangle. and placed a door family.6. you located. 12. loaded. 10. The family model updates.

s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is binary math. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is Moore's Law.

Each project has several predefined views. tab. b. Turn on Shadows. s Create an in-place model family. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. False 2. True b. d. Go to View > View Name in the menu. and Options Bar. d. s Change view displays.Software Tools . a. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Right-click. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Zoom to the entire model. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. and click Open. d. a. True b. 7. Either a or b. s Access. False 3. a. c. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. True b. and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. c. True b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. load. s Open different views. False 5. b. a. Spin the model in 3D space. To activate a view: a. Questions 1. s Change view properties. False 4. Views can be renamed. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. All content tools are located on the ribbon. depending on the template selected. c. context tabs. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. 6. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The tool shown is used to: a. b. Create a 3D perspective view.

In-Place d. A family created within a project is called ________________. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Pan and Zoom b. Standard b.8. Blocks c. etc. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . All of the above. windows. Scroll d. Multiview b. depending on settings 9. System c. Project Browser d. a. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . If you have a scroll wheel mouse. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. Families 11.) are called: a. Rotate c. Properties palette 10. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Parts d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

4. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. s Duplicate and modify views.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 9. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . Lesson Plan 1. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Create dimension and text styles. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 3. 7. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create a project template. s Create labels. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Create dimensions and text.

based on the AIA standards. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Visit the AIA website at www. Engineering.aia. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.Standards and Building Codes . Explain why templates are used. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. Visit the AIAS website at www. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. linetypes. should be used.org. colors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and so forth. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings.org. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Technology. linetypes. Many cities and counties have their own rules.aias. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. and the settings that are preset within them. defining the layers. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. colors. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. otherwise it is considered a carport. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. A garage must be completely enclosed. and so on. a common area (such as a living room or family room). Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. defined and adopted by convention. If there is a fire. doors. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. and so on. For example. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. it cannot be called a bedroom. one window. like mechanical drawing. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. If it lacks any of these components. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. windows. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. it must have at least one door. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a garage. the number being its numerical value. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a bathroom.Standards and Building Codes . Drawing Units Architectural drawing. and one closet. A unit is a particular physical quantity.

and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. also known as the International System of Units. such as room size and wall height. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. is 555 ft. the construction industry still uses the English. units are applied to dimensions. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. in the United States. Here h is the physical quantity. In architectural drafting.For example. glass. unit symbol m. Another method is to apply dual notation. or imperial.. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. its value is expressed in the unit meter. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 169 m. using imperial units. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. and other materials. unit symbol ft. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555.. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. However. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.

LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. one value representing another value. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.Scales are ratios. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. line weight and pattern. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. sheets.) 8. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and viewports.Standards and Building Codes . Each size is designated by a letter. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. every 1/8" would represent 1'.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. In Revit Architecture.

01. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. and then add a title block or other symbols. notes Demolition. You create and position views. site plan. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. The integers go from 0 to 9. elevators. symbols. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.a modified version of the AIA standard. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). temporary Schedules Sections. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.01. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).

annotation plot sizes. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. so that the height is less than the width. followed by information on the building's owner. that is. For example. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the electrician. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and so on. The column is divided into sections. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the author of the drawing. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the date drawn. the HVAC company. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The paper is oriented landscape. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. and layer standards. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and other relevant information. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. fonts. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Typically. Usually.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. drawing scales. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text.Standards and Building Codes . It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The next space is for tracking revisions.

title blocks. and so forth. layer settings. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco. dimension and text styles. required symbols.

views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. dimension styles. Engineering. and walls. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Standards and Building Codes . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. These can be used to build your model. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Technology. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. windows.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. engineering. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology.

On the application menu. Condominiums. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. click New > Project.Standards and Building Codes . 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . factory. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In the New Project dialog box. apartments. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. In Revit. you create a new project file using a template. Select a Template 1. click Browse. 3. you use templates as starting points. or store. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 2. Open Revit to an empty project file.

rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Select the Residential-Default. click Close to close this project without saving. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.4. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Click Open. On the application menu. Click OK. Settings s 103 . 5. saving set up time. you started a new project file using a standard template. 6. In this exercise.

Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the drawing setup options are preset. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Click to start a new wall.rvt. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. expand Floor Plans under Views. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. The Wall tool remains active.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. 3. Pull the cursor to the right. In the courseware datasets folder. click Wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. In the Project Browser. Build panel. 2. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. The file opens to a 3D view. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Press ESC to cancel the wall. open ADA__Settings.

) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. 5. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Close the file without saving. click to start a new wall. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 7. Click Format for Length. s Set Unit symbol to m. Place the cursor over the left wall. In this exercise. and move the cursor right. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Settings s 105 . Click OK twice to save the setting change.) 6.4. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. 8.

3. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. enter Big Text. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. there are two types of dimensions. By default.Standards and Building Codes . For Name. but also control the size and location of objects. 4.rvt. click Aligned. Dimension panel. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2. or insert components. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. temporary and permanent. dimensions not only display. create. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. On the Properties palette. Click OK. On the Annotate tab. click Duplicate.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 1. Open ADA_Dimensions. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions.

The Dimension tool is still active.5. 6. s Click OK twice. left. Click to place. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Select the top. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Text Size to 3/16". 7. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. Settings s 107 .

Close the file without saving. The Dimension tool stays active. In this exercise. Click to place the dimension. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. created a new dimension style. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. 9. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls. s s s Select the far left. upper. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.Standards and Building Codes . you opened an existing file. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .8.

These are annotations. Notice the door and window tags. Settings s 109 .Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In order to do this. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. and the view window displays the new plan. There are no annotations visible. Right-click. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. 3. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.rvt. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. In the datasets folder.

On the Manage tab. 1. 6. In the Project Browser.4. 7. 8. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. 9. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. click Project Information. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK to update the display of this view. Click OK. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Rename. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 5. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Settings panel. Double-click to open it.

The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. click Edit. highlight the title block displayed in the list. 3. Rightclick. 2. Click OK. Settings s 111 .Add a Sheet 1. Click New Sheet. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click OK.) 3. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. You can also enter the address of your school. or supply your own values: Click OK. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address. Enter the address as shown.

Click Apply. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. In the Identity Data and Other sections.Standards and Building Codes . Notice the change to the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. 5. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Next. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.

4. Select the new viewport. Select Deactivate View. Click Activate View. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. 2. Settings s 113 . Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click. 3. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click in the view.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor.

of the sheet. 6. s Placed a view on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. s Added a sheet. Close the file without saving. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Place the cursor 7. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Finish the move. you: select it.Standards and Building Codes . The Scale updates in the title block. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.5. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The view updates on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . deselect it. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise.

On the application menu. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8. Settings s 115 . you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 3. A copy of the 11 x 8. Start Revit Architecture. 2. 4. click New > Titleblock.5.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. It opens to the Recent Files window. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5 title block template opens.rft. Click Open. This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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13. In this exercise. Add a label for Sheet Number. 11. s Click Add. 14. Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.Landscape. Your teacher may specify another location. click Save to save the title block. you created a title block using a template file.9.rfa. Click Zoom to Fit. 12. 15. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Save the title block as A . select Drawn By. Add a label for Checked By. Right-click. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Quick Access toolbar.Standards and Building Codes . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. click Close. On the application menu. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Accept the Sample Value. s Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 10.

Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Highlight the title block and click OK. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. you create a new project file. Locate your title block.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Open. Settings s 125 . Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Insert a Title Block 1. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. The title block appears in the graphics window. On the View tab. 3. and then load a custom title block into your project. 4. click New to create a new project using the default template. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. In the Recent Files window. 2. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 5. A new sheet has been added and is the current view.

enter your instructor's name. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 4. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Select the title block. On the Manage tab. you a created a new project file. 2. Click OK. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. In this exercise. Settings panel.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1.Standards and Building Codes . s For Checked By. 3.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Drawn By. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Click OK. 5. 6. enter your name. enter Student Project Unit 3. On the Properties palette. click Project Information. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit.

s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. and then load them like families. and the units for your custom template. including how the rendered image looks. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. angles. Click OK. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. and slope angle. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. settings. and geometry from the template. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. On the Insert tab. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. In the New Project dialog box. 2. 1. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. click New > Project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. select Project Template. On the application menu. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. in addition to predefined wall types. s Families: Load in families you use most often. 3. Create a Template In this exercise. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. a dimension style. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. such as 3D and plan views. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. you define the title block. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. In this exercise. you create a new project file. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views.

create a Dimension Style. 6.rfa. Next.Standards and Building Codes . Set the units for the template. 10. Open the title block A . 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". For Name. Click OK. 9. You create a custom dimension style. 7. On the Manage tab. There will be no visible change.4. Click OK twice. click Duplicate. 5. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.Landscape. enter 3/16" Verdana. On the Annotate tab. click Settings panel > Project Units. Click the Length field in the Format column. 8. In the Type Properties dialog box.

14.11. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click New Sheet. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Settings s 129 . On the Properties palette. 15. 12. Rightclick. In the Project Browser. select Sheets (All). Select the A . Click OK. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.

Save your project template in your class project folder. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.16. In this exercise. Click OK. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. you created a new template file using a dimension style. and units that you defined. The title block updates. title block.Standards and Building Codes . 17.rte. as well as dimension style and units. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save the file name as A-English template. You can use this template for future projects.

and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. abstract format.

is defined as what? a. a. 1:32 5.05 c. dimension styles. Metric d. A. s Create a template. True b. S. AIA b. 1:12 c. s Create text.02 d. UBC c. s Create a title block. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. a. a.02 b. NCSESA 2. A particular physical quantity. you learned to: s Set units in a file. False 3. s Create a dimension style.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Change lineweight. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Change dimension colors. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Create labels. s Create a text style.Standards and Building Codes . and symbols used in drawing? a. A. A unit 4. s Create dimensions. Using AIA Standards. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". English c. 1:3 b. NCTM d. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. P. 1:24 d. General Questions 1. An architect b.

Application menu > New > Sheet b. To create a new sheet. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. False 4. False 6. To set the units in a project. Application menu > Properties b. Point offsets 3. True b. In Revit Architecture. Wall midpoints d. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. True b. To change the scale of a view. False Summary/Questions s 133 . By default. Wall centerlines c. a. dimensions snap to: a. Wall faces b. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. you click: a. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

6.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. Lesson Plan 1. s Define a wall structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 3. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.

They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. List the different types of occupancy. After completing this lesson. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. or filling in between. separate. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. their construction and materials. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. them.Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and protect its interior spaces.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Select the Single Line option. indicating wall length. Click to set the endpoint. Enter 10. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. It will not print. the dimension updates incrementally. Clear the Chain option. As you continue to move the cursor.Brick on Mtl. Stud. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. After you create the wall. Walls s 151 . 5. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. a dashed line displays. To modify a dimension. Expand the Type Selector list. 4. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. but it disappears when you begin another action. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. click it to open an edit field.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. an angular dimension displays.3. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point.

click Modify to stop placing walls. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Click to start the next wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Press ENTER. Click the wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Select panel. 7.Walls . The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Depending on your zoom in the view. enter 7.6. The wall does not show any internal detail. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. On the View Control Bar. 8. the controls may sit on top of one another. click the Detail Level icon. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. On the Modify | Walls tab. Create panel. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. click Create Similar. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Set the Detail Level to Medium.

Click Modify.9. Because you drew the wall from up to down. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Also. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. no matter where you move the cursor. Walls s 153 . an alignment line displays. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. 10. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Make the horizontal wall 8' long.

You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 13. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Build panel. Repeat.Walls . Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 14. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Sketch the walls as shown. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Select Chain on the Options Bar. This is the same as clicking Modify. Right-click. 12. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 16. 15. When using the Chain option. Select the lower vertical wall. Click Cancel. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.11. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Wall. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. On the Home tab. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall.

20. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. 19. Click Create Similar again. Click Zoom to Fit. Clear the Chain option. In this exercise. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 17. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Save the project as Unit4_walls.rvt. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click Modify. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. After clicking the second end. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".18. Walls s 155 .

Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. fillet. you first split the walls at the intersections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Both split walls are shown below. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.rvt from the previous exercise. You now remove the upper right corner. This exercise illustrates how to split. 4. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. The cursor changes to a razor blade. align.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Split Walls 1. and extend walls.Walls . Do the same for the vertical wall. trim. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. 3. To do this. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Click Modify. 2. Only part of the wall highlights.

You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Modify panel. Click Fillet Arc. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Options Bar. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Create panel. 4. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. If you make a mistake. On the Modify | Walls tab. select Radius. Enter 5'. Select any wall. click Delete. On the Modify | Wall tab. 5. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 2. Walls s 157 . You can also click the flip control. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 3. click Create Similar.Fillet Walls 1.

You align the wall in the next steps.Walls . 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: Interior . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 2. Place an interior wall as shown. 1. The Wall tool is still active.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.

Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. clear Chain. Pull the cursor straight up. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s On the Options Bar. Click to create a wall. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Walls s 159 . such as location lines. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor.4.

This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 6.Walls . This will be the border. Select the two interior walls in turn.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 2. Select the horizontal wall as shown. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. The length is not critical. 5. 4. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the vertical wall as shown. 3. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The walls can cross.

Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. fillet.7. and trim. Walls s 161 . align. In this exercise.

Walls .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 2. click Edit Type. In the Project Browser.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. satisfy different requirements. 1. 3. On the Properties palette. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The Modify tool is active by default. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. and vary in cost.

Add two additional layers to the wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Select Finish 1 [4]. has a Function you can edit. s Click the arrow at the right. the wall structure should be as shown. except Core Boundary. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. When you are finished. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 7. Click Insert twice. s Click Down twice. 8. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. click Edit in the Structure value field. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 6. For Name. s Click Up. Click OK. Every layer of a wall. s Click the number of Layer 3.4. To edit the structure of the wall. Walls s 163 . To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 5.

and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 11. s Click the icon that appears at the right. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s Set the Material to Finishes . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Walls . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.9. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". which displays plan or section views.Stud Layer. 10. 13.Exterior . s Set the Material to Wood . select Finishes .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Material. Modify the Function.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. 12.

Walls s 165 . The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 17. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 16.14. expand the Families branch. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. In the Project Browser. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 15. From the Detail level list. select Medium.

Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Close the file without saving. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. In this exercise. Right-click 8" Exterior. From the Type Selector list. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 19.Walls .18. You opened an existing file. defined a new wall structure. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 20. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.

Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Brick on Mtl. Stud walls as shown. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top.rvt. 2. 3. and a decorated interior surface. The model opens in a 3D view. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . for example. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Select one of the Exterior . such as a weatherproof outside surface. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. a structural mid-section. In this exercise. wood rails. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You can define a wall type with these elements.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.

highlight one of the borders. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You can set the sample height to any value. click Edit.Walls . If not already expanded. or you will lose your changes. 1. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You change the type. To define the structure of the wall. so all instances of this type change. To split a layer or region vertically. In this exercise. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .4. When you split a layer. the new regions assume the same material as the original. either horizontally or vertically. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 8. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 2. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. in the Structure value field. You can assign different materials to regions. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. As indicated in the dialog box title. into regions. To split a layer or region horizontally. 7. Wall structures are Type Properties. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You can split regions into other regions. 6. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 5. Click Split Region.

Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to split the region into two parts. After merge. Click to merge the two layers. Click to merge them. 1. assign Layer 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. When you merge regions. since both regions are composed of the same layer. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. In this case. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. The upper split disappears. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click Merge Regions. Prehighlight a border between regions. 2. 3.3. Walls s 169 . 4.

Click the temporary dimension text. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list.Walls . Click Insert. s Select the split line. 3. 2. 1. To create a new wall layer. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Click again to return to the original position. After a region is split. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. In the Edit dialog box. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. instead of down. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 4.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Change the value to 12. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Next. 1. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 3. 2. click Modify. to the next parallel line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Press ENTER. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you assign the material Masonry Brick . Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. indicating that it is modifiable. The dimension text turns blue. If you set the split offset down from the top. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure.

The preview changes appearance. as shown. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click Assign Layers. and Insert Layer tools. 8. Merge Region. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 5. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. because it is now the selected layer.4. When a layer is selected in the table.Brick Soldier Course. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Close the file without saving. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Split Region. 7. 6. 10. Change the Material to Masonry . It also shows a thickness value. Modify. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. In this exercise. All walls of this type have been changed. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Click OK. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. It immediately highlights in blue.Brick Soldier Course layer. 9. Click OK. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Walls s 171 .

Walls . piping. and insulation. ducting. earth. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . installed. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and protected. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Custom types and sizes can also be built.Doors and Windows . the ventilation. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. but also the natural lighting. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. the view. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

An unobstructed opening of 5. ft. the width can be no less than 20".Doors and Windows . if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7 sq. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. The height can be no less than 24".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.

and how to position. In this unit. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. engineering. Doors and Windows s 187 . Components such as doors. windows. s Copy windows. Some families are loaded into each empty file. how to load additional door and window families. s Center a door in a wall. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Engineering. and Language Arts. and copy these elements. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and furniture are defined in family files. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. move.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. Technology. you learn how to place doors and windows. This lesson relates to science.

Build panel. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. the door swing would be to the left side. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. To flip the door. click Door. To reverse the swing. When placing doors in a plan view.Doors and Windows . move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. 3. 2. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. or 3D view. Add Doors 1. In other words. On the Home tab. Once a door is placed. elevation view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. This can be done in a plan view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.

select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". and windows into project files. The display does not change. click Load Family. In order to keep file size small. From the Type Selector list. 3.Load Families 1. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. except for the Type Selector. Mode panel. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Click Open. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.rfa. walls. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. With the Door command active. 2. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Doors and Windows s 189 .

select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.Doors and Windows . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4. If necessary. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. From the Type Selector. 5. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.

Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Place instances of single doors as shown. To Doors and Windows s 191 . If you place a door in the wrong location. change a temporary dimension. or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Remember. simply click it and enter the correct value. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.6. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Add Windows 1.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . click Window. When placing windows in a plan view. Open Unit5_doors. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. On the Home tab. To face the outside of the window to the other side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Windows have exterior and interior sides. From the Type Selector. Build panel. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. approach the wall from the right side. To reverse the window after performing another operation. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. You can place windows in a plan view. click Modify and select the window. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. the outside of the window is to the left side. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2. elevation view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. or 3D view.

Place seven more windows as shown. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 5. and placed windows. Window tags do not number in sequence. loaded a door family.3. placed doors. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 4. you opened an existing project.Doors and Windows . You do not need to add dimensions.rvt. In this exercise. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.

Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. click Aligned. s Align and modify walls. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. place a door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 3. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. and modify the wall. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. wall. 2. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . you open an existing project file. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. constrain it to be centered in a wall. window. Dimension panel. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. and so on. 1. 4. On the Annotate tab.

Select the upper wall first. 2. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click it and it changes as shown. 5. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Align Walls 1. This means that if one wall shifts. Notice the symbol.s s s s Click the left wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align.Doors and Windows . The door changes location. 6. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the center of the door. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The walls are now aligned. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the right wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered.

Doors and Windows s 197 . Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Right-click. 5. Clear the EQ Display value. The walls shift and remain aligned. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Dimensions display below it. 3.

6. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. you placed a continuous dimension. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.Doors and Windows .

you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 4. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 2. Doors and Windows s 199 . On the Modify | Windows tab. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 1. especially if there are many different types. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.rvt. Create panel. Select one of the windows located in the east wall.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. click Create Similar.

Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.Copy Windows 1. 3.Doors and Windows . The window is copied. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. The window will change appearance. 4. click Copy. Modify panel. On the Modify | Windows tab. Select the window you just placed. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

Click Zoom to Fit. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6. Right-click.rvt.5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. heat. cold. flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Standard b. s Place a window. 30" c. s Copy a door or window. s Align a door or window. a. General Questions 1. 34" 4. 28" b. 32" d. True b. s Position a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. False 2. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . If a room is used for sleeping. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 32" b. Custom 3. 40" d. 36" c.

Doors and Windows . you: a. d. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click the appropriate blue arrows. b. d. Select the door. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select the door. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. 6. Click Flip Direction. a. False 5. 4. True b. you use ________. To change the location of a door or window. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Copy 8. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Select the door. A reference plane b. Click Door Properties. Duplicate d. Use door grips to reposition. Link c. False 2. Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click Door Properties. Load from Library b. a. The center snap 7. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Right-click. you use: a. Properties 3. Select the door. To center a door or window in a wall. Offset c. a. Insert d. c. Load c. c. True b. b. True b. Clone b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. a. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list.

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 5. Review stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Evaluate students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Create railings. 4.

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. List the different stair types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.

and math standards. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. engineering. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. This lesson relates to technology.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined.

A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.Stairs and Railings . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This saves space when changing direction. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Due to building code.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Stairs and Railings .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".

Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum.

Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

you will be able to: s Create stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. s Add a railing. You create stairs in a plan view. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. or vertical circulation.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create U-shaped stairs. and math standards. U-shaped stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. As you move the cursor. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. which includes elevators. Math (STEM). or tread. Engineering. of certain horizontal depth or run. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and spiral stairs. In multistory buildings. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. This lesson relates to technology. and stairs. and Language Arts. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. L-shaped runs with a landing. For safety reasons. ramps. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. You can define straight runs. s Modify stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Technology. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The riser and run values update accordingly.Stairs and Railings .

you create stairs using a straight run. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This enables you to place the stairs properly. From the courseware datasets folder.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 217 . The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This file is in metric units. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. 3.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs.

218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a straight run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. In this case. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. 5. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. On the Home tab. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).4. These tools are used to define your stairs. Circulation panel. Run is preselected.Stairs and Railings . Click OK to close the dialog box. click Stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel.

you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. 9. 7. select Finish (green check). You can also enter a distance of 4400. If you have not fully created the run. Select this intersection point to start your run. You can continue to move the cursor up. and then click to define the run of stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. As you move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. On the Mode panel. To change the run dimension. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 10. Stairs and Railings s 219 . The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.6. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 8.

11. In this exercise. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. click application menu > Save As > Project. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 13. and switched to a 3D view. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.Stairs and Railings . To avoid overwriting the original file. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 12. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you created and placed a straight run stair. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.

click Align. Level 1. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. 2. Activate view Floor Plans.rvt. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. On the Modify tab. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Edit panel. The stair is not centered on the landing.

Click the center of the wall first. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . select Wall centerlines. 5.4. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. On the Options Bar. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the stairs. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. You can rotate your model to get a better view.Stairs and Railings . The Align command remains active. If you have a scroll mouse. from the Prefer list.

As you prehighlight them. 9. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. enter Lobby Stairs. Hover the cursor over the railing. Change Width to 1350. and Dimensions subsections. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 8. click Edit Type. expand Sections (Building Section). On the Properties palette. s Click Duplicate. Graphics. s For Name. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. 7. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays.6. railings were created with the stairs. s Click OK.

Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .10. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Lobby Stair View.Cherry s s Click Modify. Select both railings. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

click Edit Sketch. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The railings change. 13. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 14. Click it to select it. you change the shape of the stairs.12. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Delete this line. In the Type Selector. Stairs and Railings s 225 . s Zoom in on the stairs. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Mode panel. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Next. The stair changes to the run sketch.

18. Click Modify. click the left end of the top riser. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 17. Click to place the arc. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.Stairs and Railings . Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 16. To place the second arc endpoint.15. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. s On the Modify panel. 19. click Boundary. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. On the Draw panel.

select the middle of the seventh riser going up. First. For the third point. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Next. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Click to exit the Mirror command. select the endpoint of the left boundary.21. 20. Click CenterEnds-Arc. This will define a rounded first step. The left boundary will be mirrored. click Riser. the arc center point.

Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.rvt. In this exercise. Open the {3D} view to see the results.22. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Finish. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. 23.Stairs and Railings . On the Mode panel. you modified stair properties and boundaries.

Therefore. you need to define a path for the railing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it.rvt from the previous exercise. For simple railings. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. s s Sketch a Railing 1.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. The completed exercise To create a railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Select the right side railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. In this case. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you sketch the plan view path. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. 2. This is typically done in plan view. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. 3. Click Modify. Stairs and Railings s 229 .

Mode panel. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . on the Modify | Railings tab. To set the exact distance. You do not need to add dimensions. select Chain. edit the temporary dimension. 6. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing.4. 7. click Edit Path. 5.Stairs and Railings . Then. s s On the Options Bar. click Line. Once the railing is selected. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. On the Draw panel. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. The dimensions are shown as a guide.

Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. 9. In this exercise. 8. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Delete your lines and try again. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.

you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. s On the Options Bar. set the Offset value to 850. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. the stairs appear as a U-shape.rvt from the previous exercise. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between.Stairs and Railings . Create a Reference Plane 1. In a floor plan view. 2. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a reference plane. Work Plane panel. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. s On the Home tab. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. In this exercise. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1.

Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. click Stairs. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Pull the cursor straight up. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 3. 4. Click OK twice. Click OK. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 5. Matte 2. 6. On the Properties palette. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. enter Exit Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. To start sketching the run. change the Width parameter to 900. Circulation panel. For Name. Dark Gray. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Click Edit Type.

Click to place the first run. 8.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to finish the stair run. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Press ENTER. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. with none remaining to be created.7. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 9. Move the pointer to the right. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. enter 1925. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. 2. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. 11. but they are hidden behind walls. Click Finish Stairs again. Stairs and Railings s 235 . If you get an error message. click Finish Stairs. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. You want to inspect your stairs. On the View Control bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the Stairs panel.10. you select Continue to return the sketch. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. it is because you have overlapping lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. To remove the lines. Remove the additional lines.

The walls are now hidden. In this exercise. 3. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. This is a multistory stair. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects.rvt. On the View Control Bar. 5. 6. you learned to create a reference plane. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.3. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. On the Properties palette. The exterior walls reappear. Reset the Display 1. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Select the stairs so they highlight. and to create a U-shaped stair. Zoom in to see your stairs. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Finally. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 4.Stairs and Railings . 2. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

ramps. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. and deliver riders without wait time. smoke guards. They cost less. this openness makes them fire hazards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. but they can also be highly decorative.Stairs and Railings . Include landings as required by your local building code.

General Questions 1. True b. 32" c. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. 36" d. 180 degrees 3. 25 degrees b. and all treads should be the same run. False 2. s Create railings. s Modify stair boundaries. 40" 4. 30" b. a. True b. 90 degrees d. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. b. a. you learned to: s Create stairs. 45 degrees c. A stairway must be at least how wide? a.

Fasten Railing 5. True b. Insert 2. Circle 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Modify c. Boundary lines. that is. you use the _______ option. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Rectangle c. Manage d. Railings. Pick New Host b. riser lines c. True b. risers and treads. Line b. To create railings on stairs without railings. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Attach Railing c. a. a. Home b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Run. a. risers b. risers 3. Align Railing d. riser d. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. False 6. a.Stairs and Railings . Arc d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Treads.

Review of roof types. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 7. (Student) 8. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 5. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 4. (Student) 6. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 9. s Place gutters. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.

About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. gutters. After completing this lesson. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.Roofs . It addresses roof construction. and pitch of a sloped roof. roof types. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Calculate the rise. and downspouts. Identify the different roof types. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. tiles. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. run.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Roofs s 243 . s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Rake: The inclined. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Math (STEM). s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Engineering. technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. are designed for shedding water and snow. and colors. durability. and sun. and color. fire-resistant. both low and steep. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. About Roofs s 245 . How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. These are used more often on upscale homes. durability. maintenance. resistance to wind and fire. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and sunlight. brands. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. the roofing pattern. and if visible. maintenance. and color. They come in several types. snow. the roofing pattern. as well as how effective a shelter it is. resulting in at least one textured face. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and if visible. texture. and low maintenance roofing material. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. texture. You can use them for many different applications. resistance to wind and fire. Sloped roofs. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. rot. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks.

or corrugated structural glass. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. fiberglass. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. Therefore. zinc alloy. treatment for insects. and require little maintenance. special characteristics (for example. quality. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. reinforced plastic. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Unfortunately. durable. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. This same roof on a clear. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. consider such factors as cost. They are fire-resistant. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. galvanized steel. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. and so forth). choose a type that will suit your needs.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). galvanized steel. odor. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber.Roofs . s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. and insulating capability (R-value).

The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . eave flashing. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. the requirements for underlayment.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams. purlins.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. run. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.

and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. 7 on 12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . try to specify standard roof pitch. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.Roofs . 7-12.

you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. soffits. often supporting a gutter. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. water. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Place gutters. To create a roof by face.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. or ice. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Roofs s 255 . Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. dormers. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. or eaves. and fascia. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Create a roof fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. snow. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Once you create a roof. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create various roof types. s Create a hip roof. you can add gutters. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Assign roof structure and materials. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or roof overhangs. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof.

Math (STEM). Technology.Roofs .Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . technology. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. and Language Arts.

and then extruded by applying a thickness value. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .. the top of the roof profile is sketched. In the Work Plane dialog box. 3. Click OK to continue. 4. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Open ADA_Roofs. select the Name option. 2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise.rvt. To create an extruded roof. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. you create an extruded roof.

Roofs . Before sketching the roof's profile. select Section: Section 1. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Click Open View. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. In the Go To View dialog box. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. s Use the image below for guidance. click Line.5. click Ref Plane. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 3. 6. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. On the Work Plane panel. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Draw panel. 2. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. The section view should display as shown. Drawing Reference Planes 1. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 4.

s Select the new dimension. Using the image below for guidance. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Roofs s 259 .6. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value. 5. s Click Modify. s Click the EQ toggle.

5.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes.Roofs . 4. click Finish (green check). Right-click. enter Horizontal. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Click OK. The name displays when you select the reference plane. for Name. 2. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Click Modify. s On the Options Bar. you can label them. click Chain. 3. click Line. On the Properties palette. 1. On the Mode panel. 7. 6.

8.12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view. 9. Roofs s 261 .

Roofs . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 1. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. click Join/Unjoin Roof. On the Modify tab. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. carefully select the far right roof edge. 3. This is a two-step process. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Edit Geometry panel. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Using the images for guidance.

Select the roof. However. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar.4. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Modify Wall panel. open the view Sections: Section 1. Roofs s 263 . In the Project Browser. 2. click Attach: Top/ Base. 3. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Trim Walls 1. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select both walls. select Attach Wall: Top. the vertical walls extrude through the roof.

4. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view. The roof now looks correct.Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. In this exercise.rvt. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

a dialog box is displayed.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. On the Home tab. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Because you are in a 3D view. 1. The footprint sketch is created at 2. 4. Build panel. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. From the drop-down list. Unit7_first_roof.rvt. so you look straight down as in a plan. In this exercise. from existing walls. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 3. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. select Garage Roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Click Yes. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . by Footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof.

6. click Pick Walls.0". select the vertical wall on the left.5. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 7. s On Options Bar. 8.Roofs . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the image below for guidance. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. If you place a line on the wrong side. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Next. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. click Defines Slope. clear the Defines slope option.

When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. When a roof line is set to slope defining. It becomes an editable field. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. By default. 3. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Select the left slope defining line. The new roof displays. defining lines separately. click Yes. That value displays next to the slope arrow. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. 2. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Change this value to 6"/12". click Finish. Select the right side roof line. change the value to 6"/12". Click the 9"/12" text. Roofs s 267 . To complete the roof. 1. Other controls also display. Click Modify.

4.Roofs . 5. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.rvt. In this exercise.

3. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Build panel. On Home tab. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Clear Defines Slope. When all of the walls prehighlight. 4. To chain-select all of the walls. The file opens to a 3D view. set the overhang to 1' 0". Roofs s 269 . The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. On the Options Bar. 2. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. click to select them. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.rvt.

verify the 0' 0" Offset. Using the image for guidance. Zoom into the chimney area. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 4. On the Options Bar.Create a Roof Opening 1. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Draw panel. Right-click. click Rectangle. 3. As an alternate. 2.Roofs . 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select the uppermost. On the Options Bar. 6. select the Defines Slope. select Defines Slope. As in the previous exercise. 4. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 5. 3. Click Finish. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Roofs s 271 . the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete.Add Slope Lines 1. 2. The slope indicator displays. Select the left lower horizontal line. horizontal line. click Yes.

attached walls. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.7. and chimney penetration. In this exercise.rvt. 8.Roofs .

Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Roofs s 273 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls shown in the image. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Create the Roof 1. 2.0". Select Defines Slope. Zoom into the area shown. Build panel. 4. set Overhang to 2' . 3. The file should open to a 3D view. 5. you create a hip roof. On the Options Bar.rvt.

Click OK. s On the Draw panel. Raise the Roof 1. To close the roof sketch. 2.0". 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 3. click Line. Right-click the ViewCube. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. 6.7. you use the Line tool. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. s s Clear Defines Slope. In addition. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .Roofs . Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click Finish to complete the roof.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.

rvt. you created a hip roof using a footprint.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall. In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .2.

5. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. 3.rvt. Create a Shed Roof 1. 7. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 4. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Clear Defines Slope. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. click Line. 6. Roofs s 277 . Set the Overhang to 1' 0".

12. Right-click the line. 9. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 11. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Click Toggle Slope Defining. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 10. 13. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Click Modify. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".Roofs . Select the lower. On the Properties palette. horizontal line at the front of the roof.8.

Save as Unit7_shed_roof. click Yes. Roofs s 279 . When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16.rvt. Switch to a 3D view. 17. 15. Finish the Roof. 18. In this exercise. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.14. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint.

Activate the view North Elevation.Roofs . Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Open the Default 3D view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. The roof updates. On the Properties palette. 5. Cutoff Level list.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.rvt. 4. Select the Roof. You see four levels defined in the model. On the menu bar. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 3. select Level 3.

Finish the Roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". Select the inner rectangle as shown. select Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 10. On the Draw panel. 8. 13. Switch to a 3D View.rvt. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. click Pick Lines. Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Options Bar. 7. on the Properties palette. 9. On the Home tab. 12. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 11. In this exercise.6. To set the slope for the new roof. Roofs s 281 .

select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 2. Select the main roof over the house. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.rvt. The file should open to a 3D view. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. thereby reducing energy consumption. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 1. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Roofs s 283 . 2. 3. For Structure Value. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Edit.Define a Roof Structure 1. Select the roof over the garage. enter Clay Tile. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. For Name. Select Layer 2 as shown. click Duplicate. click Edit Type. 5. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Click Insert to add a layer. It is a generic roof type. 4. s Click OK. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.

select Model. 8. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.rvt. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 6. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Click OK.Roofs . click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Click OK twice. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". In this exercise. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. 7.

Roofs s 285 . A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. or for decoration.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Insert tab. 4. In the Open dialog box. to support a gutter. In this exercise. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof.rfa. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. 3. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Home tab. click Roof > Fascia. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 2.

click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. Matte. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Set the Material value to Metal . 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.Roofs .5. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click Duplicate. 6. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. for Profile. Click OK.

Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Roofs s 287 .8. In this exercise. 9.rvt.

Place Gutters In this exercise. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. For Name.Bevel: 5" x 5". select Gutter . 5. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 3. Click OK. click Roof > Gutter. 1. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . under Profile parameter. 2. select Metal Aluminum. The file should open to a 3D view. s Click Duplicate. you add gutters to a building. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Under Material parameter. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK.rvt.Roofs . 6. click Edit Type. The completed exercise 4. On the Home tab.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.

10. the gutter displays on the wrong side. If you click the interior face. you attached gutters to a roof. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. In this exercise. 9. Roofs s 289 . Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.7. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Segments will clean up at corners. 11. 8. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces.rvt. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary.

s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . heat.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. water.

what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house.

Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. True b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. the run is always 12. s Define a roof structure. High d. s Place fascia. s Place gutters. a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Gambrel d. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. False 2. None of the above 3.Roofs . Medium c. Low b. When referring to roof slope. Shed 4. True b. Hip c. Gable b. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles.

To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. True b. Footprint. Walls d. extrusion. place a check mark next to: a. SHIFT c. a. a. To add a slope to a roofline. a. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. 10. Trim/Extend b. b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Extrusion d. True b. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. profile.Revit Architecture Questions 1. TAB b. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Create Slope d. ENTER 4. Defines Slope c. Footprint b. Add Slope b. ______ or _______. lines c. Material 8. pick d. DEL d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . A compound roof contains layers. Change the direction of the slope. Slope c. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Turn slopes on or off. Create an opening. Expand/Contract 6. a. Walls. False 7. Cut/Lengthen c. False 5. Sketch. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Change the direction of the roof. Activate Slope 9. a. Footprint b. profile 2. Sketch c. d. face b. extrusion. Face 3. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. True b. Roofs can be created using ______. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. a. c. sketch. you use: a. Footprint.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create slope annotations. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create material annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.

the location of special equipment. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and tool racks. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.Sections and Elevations . the kitchen. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and special equipment. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. floor. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. In a residential building. After completing this lesson. bathrooms. cabinetry. In a commercial structure. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and Language Arts. and math standards. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Technology. engineering.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology.

on the long axis of the building.Sections and Elevations . s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and are properly cross-referenced. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. and foundation plans.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. framing. t Cross or transverse sections. across its narrower dimension. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned.

such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary. and steel. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Sections and Elevations . 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s The position relationship between different elements. For larger elevations. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.

Unnecessary Information Shades. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. followed by any additional information about spacing. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. For a wood structure. For example. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. and then the name of the material. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. and so forth. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. East. bushes. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. You may. the titles assigned (North." Mfr. For siding. shadows. however. With interior elevations. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. quantity.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. cars. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. or methods of installation. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. this is reversed. The size of the object is listed first. Therefore. people. South. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans.

Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. The trim is usually glued into place. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. dishwashers.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". It can also be used around doorways and windows. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. or MDF. It may have curves. Molding is usually made of plaster. or linoleum) and the wall. casements. or a baseboard. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. and lip. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. and types of finish materials used. and materials used. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. doors and direction of door swings. This is more costly than regular overlay. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. chamfers. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. flush overlay. and special equipment such as toilets. tile. and other appliances. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. This is usually done using a topset. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. doors.Sections and Elevations . 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Hinges are concealed. or decorative patterns. coving. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. windows. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. which is a formed pressboard. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. wood. shelf arrangements. other openings.

You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Change the section head. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the section view in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . which you can then add to a sheet. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Create an interior elevation. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Add slope annotations. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line.

Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. A section is a horizontal view. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. like an elevation. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Once created. technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Sections and Elevations . Math (STEM). You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Engineering. engineering. and Language Arts. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. or other section view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Sections and Elevations s 307 . select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.

Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. By resizing the crop region. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Slope is also referred to as pitch. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. tracing over the existing elements. s Add structural details. So. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Details are crucial for effective construction. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. the slope of this roof is 2:12. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add breaklines as needed. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. In the example shown. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Once you create the detail section. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. In a set of construction documents. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. such as anchor bolts and siding. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add detail notes.

310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. On the View tab. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The completed exercise 6. click Section. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 4. The Section command is available from the View tab. 3. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The file opens to a 3D view. Create panel.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Open the file ADA_Sections. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 2.rvt. Create a Section View 1. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.

Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 3. The actual location is not critical.Sections and Elevations . Section Properties 1. This is called the crop region. With the section line selected. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. and it has control grips to resize it. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. On the Properties palette.

Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 8. 5.4.rvt. When you drew the section line. you automatically created a section view. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The view is listed in your Project Browser. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 6. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The section view updates. Clear Crop Region Visible. In the Properties palette. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 7.

They include Section Head . Click Open to load the family. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. In this exercise. Load from Library panel. On the Insert tab. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.Filled.1 point Filled. 6. Settings panel. For Name. Several section head families are available. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 7. enter Open Arrow. click Load Family. and Section Head . Click OK. On the Manage tab. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. click Duplicate. 3. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.Sections and Elevations . 4.rvt.rfa. Select Section Head-Open. Section Head . The view does not change.No Arrow. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 5. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.

Save as Unit8_section_open. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click OK. In this exercise. enter Open Arrow. 10. Click OK. 14. Select the section line. For Name. Sections and Elevations s 315 . you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. The section head updates to the new head type. On the Properties palette. For Section Head. 13.rvt. 9. Click Duplicate. select Open Arrow. click Edit Type. select Section Head . 12. 11. In the Section Tag field.8. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.Open.

5. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Create panel. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. This is a building section. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 2. To reposition the callout head. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.Sections and Elevations . click Callout. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select the border of the callout. 3. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. On the View tab. Use the image below for guidance.rvt. On the Options Bar. 6. 4.

Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it.rvt. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Line is selected automatically. On the Properties palette. 3. 8. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. region patterns. as shown. 2. select Chain. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Sections and Elevations s 317 . You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. detail components. 1. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. click Region > Filled Region. On the Draw panel. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. You can add detail lines. but not strongly. On the Options Bar. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. 4.7.

Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click OK.5. Select the upper and right side lines. For Name. On the Properties palette. 7. enter Earth. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. 6. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

which are visible only in the view where they are placed.rfa. 9. On the Annotate tab. Click Open. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.Section. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the filled region may appear as solid fill.8. Detail panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. click Load Family. If you zoom in closer. From the Fill Pattern list. select Finish (green check). 1. click Component > Detail Component. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK. 3. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Detail panel. 2. On the Mode panel. On the Place Detail Component tab.

select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. In the Specify Types dialog box. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type Selector.4. 5. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. From the Type Selector list. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance.6. Using the image below for guidance. 8. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 7.

11. On the Properties palette. 12. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Click Modify. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 10. set the Thickness to 3/4". Place the component similarly to the image below. Click Component > Detail Component. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Select the vertical plywood. Use the image below for guidance. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This component represents the subflooring.Sections and Elevations .9. select anchor bolt. From the Type Selector.

Use the image below for guidance. select Multiple. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Modify panel of the context tab. From the Type Selector. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component.13. 14. select Copy. On the Options Bar.

Save the file. Add Detail Lines 1. select Wide Lines. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. click Detail Line. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start at the end of the siding. From the Line Style Selector. On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . 16. 2.15. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Detail panel.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 4. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. Zoom out. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Sections and Elevations s 325 .3. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.

Sections and Elevations . select the Material field in row 3. Add Insulation 1. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. click Insulation. On the Annotate tab. Next. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. identified as Wall material 1. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field. 2. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Right-click. Select the wall so it highlights. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Save the file. Click Modify.6. The wall display updates. 8. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 7. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 10. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Detail panel.

select Break Line. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. Your view should resemble the image shown. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component.2. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. From the Type Selector. 1. Sections and Elevations s 327 .

The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Place the breakline as shown. 5. You place another breakline. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. and detail components to it.4. The view should resemble the image shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 6. Save the file. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. detail lines. 7. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The Detail Component tool is still active. To complete the detail.

weatherproofing. 1. The size of the object is listed first. 3. s Clear Annotation Crop. With nothing selected in the view. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and ventilation methods in construction documents.rvt. To add notes. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 2. The border around the view will disappear. or methods of installation. quantity.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.

Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow.Sections and Elevations . Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. As you pull your cursor to the right. 7. On the Annotate tab. 5. click Text. Move the pointer up 11. click Two Segments. insulation. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. On the Format panel. leader arrow as shown. 8. Finally. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 6.4" WEATHERING. Text panel. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. R13. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. From the Type list.4. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 12. 9. 10. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.

O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.C. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. . 18. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. as the second line of text. 15. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.C.13. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the baseboard.. Click off the text to finish the entry. 16..C.C. 19. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. or wood treated with preservative against rot. is an acronym for On Center. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. 20. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. CONT is short for Continuous. 17. 14. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.TYPE X. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 5/8" GWB . Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.

you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In this exercise. Click ENTER to start a second line.rvt. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click Modify. 23.. 22. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . Note: CONC signifies concrete. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 21. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .

Highlight your title block. Sections and Elevations s 333 . In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 6. 5. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. highlight Sheets. or elevation view. section. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 2. In this exercise.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 4.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Click Open. 3. Click New Sheet. and locate the detail view on it. Click OK to exit the dialog box. click Load. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Right-click. The new sheet becomes the current view. In the Project Browser.rvt. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Locate the A-Landscape. you will want to add the views to a sheet. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.

8. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select a Level Line. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 9. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser.7. Both Level ends will move together. close to the crop border. Click the control at its left end. click Hide Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right.

Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.10. enter S. In the Project Browser. s Modified the label values in the title block. highlight the new sheet. For Name.rvt. In this exercise. Click Rename. 11. you: s Created a new sheet. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. For Number. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 12. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. 13.301. Click OK. enter Detail at Foundation Sill.

s Add slope indication for roof. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 3. When you create a project with a template. 4. s Set the display for building components as needed. 2. It is defined by the green dotted line. east. 2. Click Zoom to Fit.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open ADA_Elevations. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 5. and west. The elevation markers are now visible. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click the Annotations tab. south. 6. s Add material notes.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. four elevation views are included: north. Select Elevations. Click OK. s Add any necessary dimensions.Sections and Elevations . Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Right-click.

On the View Control Bar. Next. clear Sections. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 3. On the Annotations tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.2. Sections and Elevations s 337 . 5. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Modelling tab. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. clear Planting. 4. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Switch to an Elevation View 1.

Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Select the Material field for Layer 1. and modified the wall display characteristics.Exterior Stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. select Edit in the Structure field. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.7. 10. 11. click to open the list. On the Properties palette. 8. Select Sand. In the Type Properties dialog box. 9. Select the wall. Click Zoom to Fit. click Edit Type. you activated an elevation view.Sections and Elevations . In Surface Pattern. modified its display.rvt. 13. In this exercise. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 12. Click the button that displays to select a material. It will be identified as Condo . Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.

you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. quantity. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Add a note for the stone wall. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 4. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Add a note for the foundation. In the Type Selector. 2. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Enter TX. 3. or methods of installation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.rvt. 5. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

6. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. In this exercise. 7. Add a note for the brick wall.Sections and Elevations . 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the roof. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.rvt. 9.

Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 1. 2. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.rvt. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. 6. 3. For Offset from Reference. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Dimension panel. 5. enter 1/8". Click to select the roof line. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. from the Slope Representation list. Sections and Elevations s 341 . select Triangle. 4. click Spot Slope. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. On the Options Bar. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Annotate tab.

Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Aligned. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable.Sections and Elevations . Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown.7. Click Modify. 10. Dimension panel. Click to locate the slope indicator. 9. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to select the roof line. 11. On the Annotate tab.

To create a continuous dimension as shown. and dimensions for clarity. slope indicators. Sections and Elevations s 343 .12. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. 13. Arrange notes. The west elevation now contains material notes. 14. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. and vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. leaders. In this exercise.rvt. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.

you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Click Find Referring Views. In this exercise. Right-click. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. 2. special closets. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. and cabinetry. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.Sections and Elevations .rvt. dimensions. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. This view was already defined in the drawing. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 3. kitchens.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Click Open View. Highlight the view. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. In the Project Browser. equipment rooms.

On the Annotate tab. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Clear Use Project Settings. click Aligned. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. s s s s Click Duplicate. 5. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click the value field for Units Format 8. 6. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Dimension panel. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Select Suppress 0 Feet. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 7. click OK.4. In the Name box. Right-click.

detail the interior section. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. In this exercise.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Using the Text and Dimension tools. You modified a dimension style. 10.9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create filled regions. d. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Nobody in Charge d. General Questions 1. Either one. False 3. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Cabinetry d. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Create a section view. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. c. All of the above 5. The direction the viewer is facing. b. it depends. Not in Concrete b. 2. s Create material annotations. Not in Contract c. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. c. a. s Create slope annotations.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The direction the structure is facing. 4. such as north. Indicate the location of doors and windows. b. Walls c. Show the relationships between elements. is always the true orientation. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. All of the above. True b.

West c. The Visual Style of the view. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. South d. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Which elevation is it? a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The height of the view. Click Add View. c. False 5. d. On the View tab. click Sheet Composition > View. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. b and c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . North 3. but not a 6. c. 4. Sun and Shadow b. b. you use: a. True b. a. False 2. East b. d. Right-click. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The dotted line indicates: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The detail level of the view. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Element properties c. b. a.Sections and Elevations . True b. The boundaries of the view.

3. 6. s Load a schedule tag. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Review Schedules. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 4. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

such as reference number. about the building objects in your architectural plan. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Some of these building objects include. and Language Arts. About Schedules s 351 . This lesson relates to science. Technology. and math standards. engineering. and thickness. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. height. Engineering.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. width.

so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. There are different types of schedule tables. However.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Instance. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). depending on the style of the architectural firm.Schedules . some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. the same primary information is included. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .

the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. and A for appliances. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. The following image shows door.Schedules . Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Other letters are P for plumbing. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. A circle. Like schedules. hexagon. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). E for electrical. window. However.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Using the software. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. Technology. s Add room tags. Engineering. engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. This lesson relates to science. s Export a schedule.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. hardware. materials. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Schedules s 355 . s Create a room schedule. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. rooms. and you can create your own schedules. windows. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. equipment. and math standards. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedules list items such as doors.

The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. and you set the schedule to display totals.rvt. 2. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Schedules . you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.

On the View tab. select Comments. 3. 7. Schedules s 357 . 6. Type Mark. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Height. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. In Available Fields. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Click Add. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Level. and Width. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Continue to add fields to the schedule. 4. Select Windows from the list. Add Count.s Window Tag 5.

8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . from left to right. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules . Click OK to finish the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Select the fields. 9. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

but without any useful calculations yet. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. select Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Schedules s 359 . click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Select Blank Line. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 3. 2. 1. From the Sort By list.

in this case). In order to calculate the total number of windows. In the lower left corner of the dialog box.Schedules . On the Properties palette. you can have the schedule report this. Rather than make a manual calculation. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. 1. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. select Level. for Sorting/ Grouping. clear Itemize Every Instance. 2. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. in the Then By sorting field.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. In the Project Browser. Notice how the schedule has changed. 4. click the schedule name. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. click Edit.

On the Sorting/Grouping tab. for Sorting/ Grouping. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. select Title. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.5. and Totals. 6. Schedules s 361 . The totals for each window type now display. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Count. In this exercise. select Footer. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. On the Properties palette. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.rvt. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. From the list. click Edit 7.

based on the amount of space in each room. Click Open.Schedules . In this exercise.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. On the Home tab. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Locate the file named Room Tag. Room size. ceiling type. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Room & Area panel. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 5. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. floor type. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. 4. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. occupancy.rvt. click Room > Room. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 2. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.

The tag displays at the end of your cursor. click Room > Room Separation Line. a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown. Schedules s 363 . 7. Room & Area panel. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 6. On the Home tab. 8. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room.In the Type Selector.

Select Room #2. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. The area value for Room 7 updates. 11. The room tag updates. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights.9. s Click the Room text. s Change the word Room to Manager. 10. On the Room & Area panel. 13. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 12. Click Modify. click Room.Schedules . 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. enter Sales. 15. On the Properties palette. Schedules s 365 . for Name. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.rvt. s Changed room tag field values. In this exercise. s Tagged various objects. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Added a room separation. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.

366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . enter Square Footage Report. For Name. Click OK. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 2. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list.rvt. The completed exercise 5. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Click Add--> after each selection. In the Available Fields pane. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 6. select Number. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Create panel. Name. 4. 3. Set the Sort By value to Number. and Area to be included in your schedule. Create a Room Schedule 1.Schedules .

In the Format dialog box. Click OK. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Area field.7. 10. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Select Title and Totals from the list. 8. 9. s Click Field Format. s Set Units to Square Feet. Change the Heading to No. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Highlight the Number field. clear Use Project Settings. s Set Alignment to Right. s Select Calculate Totals. Select Grand Totals.

Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Totaled one of the columns. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12.11. In this exercise. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. you: s Created a room schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.rvt. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .

you export the room schedule to a text file. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Using your Windows Explorer. Click Save. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Schedules s 369 . click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 4. The file is created. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.rvt. On the application menu. You can then use this file in other applications. Browse to a directory to save your report. 2. 6. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 5. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Click OK. 3. Double-click it to open it. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. locate the file you created.txt) file. Note the formatting that has been applied.

you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise.7.Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 8. Close the text file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.

Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. True b. a. None of the above. d. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Matrix d. Instance 3. b. Questions 1. A list of sheets used in a project. Quantity c. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. s Reformat a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. a. What is a schedule table? a. s Place a schedule tag. s Export a schedule. False 4. 2. True b. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. False Summary/Questions s 371 . you learned to: s Create a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. Type b.

Annotate tab b. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. a. To export a schedule.Schedules . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. View c. XLS c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. use the ____ . TXT b. View tab c. Application menu d. Annotate b. CSV d. Home d. Modify 2. a. Manage tab 3.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 5. Review Visualization. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 4. (Student) Evaluate Students.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 2. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.

Technology. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Assign materials. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Orient walls and windows. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. or camera on a path. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Create and edit a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file.Visualization . s Create a raytrace rendering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a DWG file. and Language Arts. you create a walkthrough. Engineering. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. After completing this lesson. s Export a walkthrough. Finally. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Math (STEM). s Export an FBX file. s Add planting components. s Place a camera. s Play a walkthrough. s Apply shading to a view.

A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s s 2. Open Unit2_custom_family. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. courseware datasets. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. To prepare your model for rendering. s Make a camera view the active view. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You worked on animations. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows.rvt. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.

The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Select one of the exterior walls. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls now display layers of materials. Right-click.Visualization . Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Stud.3. 5. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The wall display updates. Select any exterior wall. 4.

On the Properties palette. Select walls. Click Change wall's orientation. 10. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass.7. Open the Default 3D view. Visualization s 377 . Repeat the process for the windows. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 8. you can: s s s 9. Click OK. Select the toposurface object. Right-click. In addition to using the control arrows.

On the application menu. Open 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. you have completed this exercise. Click OK in any notices and warnings. and click Open. 3. On the application menu. click Export > FBX.rvt. Export the Model to FBX 1. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 12.Visualization . Depending on your system resources. Select the Roof. Note the file location. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .FBX).11. 2. click Import > Import. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. In the Select File to Import dialog box. select Autodesk (*. Select the file name. for Files of type. This will filter the file list. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Save the file as Unit10_Export.

2. There is no way to update it from Revit. Open or return to Revit. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. click Next. Visualization s 379 . 3. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Export the Model to DWG 1.rvt. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Note the file location.4. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Depending on your system resources. you have completed this exercise. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Close the file without saving. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. If necessary. On the application menu.

Select the file name. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Close the File Link Manager. click Attach This File. If necessary. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. open Unit10_Export. click References > File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. Click Open. click File. 7. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 9. Select two windows as shown.4. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.max. 8. 5.rvt. In the File Link Manager . Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Open or return to Revit. 6.

Save the file. Visualization s 381 . 12.10. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. 11. Open the 3D view. On the application menu. 13. The windows have updated. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Close the File Link Manager. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The windows have changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. The linked file updates. s Click Reload. In this exercise. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the File Link Manager. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open the Files tab. s Changed a material definition.14. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Oriented walls and windows. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.Visualization . 15.

Place a Camera 1. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 . and create a second rendering. Open Unit10_Export. In this exercise. add plantings to the model. If you place the camera too close to the model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. generate a rendering. as shown.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. change materials. click Camera. On the View tab. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Open the Site view.rvt. you place a camera in a model. 3. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. 2. Create panel.

The camera perspective view opens. Click Show Camera.Visualization . 2. If necessary. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 6. The camera will be visible. 5. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. click Show Rendering Dialog. Right-click. 7. On the View Control Bar. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Return to the perspective view.4. select Very Few Clouds. Open the Site view again. Render Setup 1. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. s s s s Open a floor plan view.

s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Open the Site view. Visualization s 385 . On the Massing & Site tab.3. click Site Component. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render. Accept the default settings for Quality. and Lighting. Output Settings. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Model Site panel. 2. Open view 3D View 1. Click Render.30' approximately as shown. 3. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Enhance the Model 1.

click Edit Type. Revit places the image in its own view. Select an exterior wall. 2. In the Layer 1 Material field. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Rendering dialog box. and you can now select elements for editing. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. 6. click Save to Project.Visualization . click Show the Model.4. In the Rendering dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. In the Materials list. click Edit Type. The model displays in the view. Click Edit in the Structure field. 5. 3. select Roofing . On the Properties palette. In the Save to Project dialog box. Change Materials 1.Wood Shake. 5. 4. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click OK.

9. Visualization s 387 . 8. Click Replace. 7.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click the Render Appearance tab. Select the icon next to Masonry .10. Click Edit in the Structure field.

In the Rendering dialog box. In this exercise. The new image is placed in its own view. s Created a raytrace setup. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. 15.Brick Uniform Running Brown. click Save to Project. 12. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Select Masonry . you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . Click OK. 16.rvt.11. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Render. In the Rendering dialog box. 14. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Generated and captured a render image. s Placed site planting components in the model. 13.

The cursor changes to a crosshair. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Each view. 2. In this exercise.rvt. 3. s Right-click again. in a project model. and exported individually.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open Unit10_render. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Create panel. click to the left of the model as shown. Click Zoom Out (2x). s View the animation in a media player. s Right-click. Open floor plan view Level 1. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. or walkthroughs. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Edit the camera and path. click 3d View > Walkthrough. or frame. Click Zoom to Fit. along the path can be viewed in different modes. 4. rendered. Visualization s 389 . s On the View tab. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. To place a key frame. The camera and path can be edited. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.

Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Walkthrough panel. The camera is located on the final key frame. click Edit Walkthrough. 10. 9. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. Drag it to the left. 6. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7.Visualization . 11. Select the direction control for the camera. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Finish Walkthrough.5. The Options Bar changes. 8. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab.

2. The path displays control dots at key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. click Next Key Frame. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. From the Controls list. Click Open.12. Drag the path away from the model as shown. 3. Check the view in several key frames. If camera positions distort. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path. 13. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 391 . Click Edit Walkthrough.

Click Save. 2. Revit generates the external AVI file. In the Video Compression dialog box. 3. Export the Walkthrough 1. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 4. Click Play. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click OK. notice where you save the file. In the Length/Format dialog box. File Name.Visualization . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.Play the Walkthrough 1. select a video compression method to hold down file size. click OK. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 2.rvt. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. On the application menu.

5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Visualization s 393 . Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Double-click the new file name. It plays in your media player. 6. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Plan your class time accordingly. such as shaded or rendering.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. save the Revit Architecture file.Visualization .7. s Edited the path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player.

A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Split b. you use: a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Print to File b. True b. Save As > FBX c. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. True b. s Place a camera. Export > FBX 3. s Apply shading to a view. False 2. s Add planting components. a. a. s Play a walkthrough. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Export an FBX file. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough. Questions 1. you use: a. True b. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Create a raytrace rendering. View > Shading d. Flip Orientation d. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Assign materials. a. Align c. Demolish 2. s Export a DWG file.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 3. beam systems. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. Review structural columns. and braces. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. foundations. you learn how to place structural columns. beams. Lesson Plan 1. In the following exercises.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. beams and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 5.

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural . For example. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

walls. especially columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.Structural . Knowing where structural members. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.

Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Engineering. Place beam systems and braces. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Create column grids. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. After completing this lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

They come in types defined by size and shape. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. click Column > Structural Column.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Open Deck Framing. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. this is known as post and beam construction. beams can be steel. Beams connect columns or walls. or reinforced concrete. 2. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Select a floor. or concrete. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Temporary Hide/Isolate . The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. On the View Control Bar. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. 3. In residential construction. wood. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. spans without walls.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. In this exercise. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. often mainly glass.Structural . and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. wood. 1. As with columns.Hide Category. Structural columns can be steel. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns.

This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 6. 5. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up.4. 3A. 8. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. On the View Control Bar. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. On the Options Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". The Properties palette displays the floor properties. and 4B. click Depth. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Structural s 403 . 7. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.

Set their Top Offset to -0'-9".9. and columns clearly. In the Project Browser. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click Hide In View > Element. double-click view Framing Cutaway.Structural . Click OK. 2. Click OK. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Right-click. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Place Beams 1. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 10. 11. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. To place beams: Structural s 405 .3. 4. select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Options Bar. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. In the Type Selector. click Beam. 5. s In the view window. Structure panel. On the Structure tab. Click.

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Click. Click Modify. Click. 7.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 6. On the Properties palette.

set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. 12.8. 11. Click Modify. Structural s 407 . If a Warning dialog box that opens. On the Properties palette. click Make Wall Bearing. 9. Click on grid intersection B4. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. as shown. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.rvt. Click. Structure panel. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. In this exercise. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click OK. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. click Beam.

Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. In this exercise. distance. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. you: s Place beam systems. click Sketch Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1. 4. Place Beam Systems 1. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing.Structural . You place vertical bracing in elevation views. click Pick Supports. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . This is the direction indicator for the beam system.rvt. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. click No. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Open Deck Beams. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Structure tab. or number of beams in a bay. 3. click Beam System. Structure panel. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise 5. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. This system saves time when preparing framing plans.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. 2. s Place braces.

7. On the Draw panel. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall.6. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. as shown.

s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. On the Properties palette. Click Finish. s 9. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . On the Properties palette. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Finish (green check).6". 11. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Pick Supports. click Create Similar. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.2". 10. s s s On the Draw panel. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.8. On the Mode panel. click Line. set Elevation to -0'-9".Structural . Trim as necessary.

Click to place the elevation. In the Project Browser. Structural s 411 . On the View Control Bar. 2. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the Structure tab. click Brace. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 3. Structure panel.Place Braces 1. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. unlike regular elevations. Open Plan View Deck Framing. It has an automatic work plane. 4. as shown. Create panel. On the View tab. Adjust the view crop region as shown. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. 5.

Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. to start the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left.6. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 9. In the Type Selector.Structural . In the view window. 7. Click Modify. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 8.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Save the file as Deck structure. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 . 11.rvt. you: s Placed beam systems.10. In this exercise.

you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Datum panel. click Grid. elevation. You can change a grid number at any time. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. and section views. The exact length is not critical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. 2. click in the lower left to start a grid line. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. and walls. Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Grid datasets.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. The numbering automatically increments. as shown. In plan views. but they can also be angular and radial. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. This is a common step early in designing a large building. The exact location is not critical. beams.Structural . In this exercise. s s In the view window. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan.

4. Click to place a new grid line. Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 .3.

Pull the cursor to the right.Structural .5. click to place the grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Repeat to create grid line 4. 6. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Press ENTER. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. close to the heads. Click to start a grid line. The new grid line will be number 3. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. The new grid line is number 5. Pull the cursor to the left. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 7. Enter A at the keyboard. click Copy. Press ENTER. s Select Grid Line 2.

Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 9. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Click to place the grid line. Grid 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Select grid 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. This grid line will be number B. On the grid line. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. 11. This completes the main grid. click the elbow control to place an offset. Change the number to 2. The Grid tool is still active.8.1. Structural s 417 . 10.1 is still selected. s Click Copy.

To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Grid. s Click to start the grid line. Click in the new grid bubble. s s Click grid intersection D3. 3. On the Draw panel.Structural . Press ENTER. On the Home tab. Zoom to Fit. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". 4. In the Radius field. Change the number to EE. Create panel. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click to place the grid head.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. enter 15. select Center-Ends Arc. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. click Pick. On the Draw panel. set Offset to 15'-0". click Radius.000 o . The Grid tool is still active.

6. Click to place grid FF. Structural s 419 . Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. 7. Select grid 3 to show its controls.5. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. You will need to identify it easily.

Click to place the grid line.000. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click grid intersection D3. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Pick Axis. click Mirror . s In this exercise. 11. Press ENTER.Structural . To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9.rvt. s 10.8. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Revit will create grid 32. click Create Similar. Enter 31 to change the name. Click in the new grid bubble. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Zoom to Fit. s Select grid 31. s Select grid 3.

2. As a result. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. click Column > Structural Column. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. In this exercise. Structural s 421 . Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. you typically create a grid. Open ADA_Grids-complete.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s 3. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. This is a steel column. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. In the Type Selector. s Use a column grid to place beams. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structure panel. s Change a grid layout. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33.

C and D. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Multiple panel. B. 5.s s On the Options Bar.Structural . click Finish. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 2. 3. On the Multiple panel. click At Grids. 4. 6. A. set Height to Level 3. 4.

On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. Structural s 423 . 5. 4.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. click On Grids. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Beam. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. The grid. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 2. Zoom to Fit. 3. columns. Window-select all the grid lines. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. Click Grid 1.

424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Quick Access toolbar. 6. On the Multiple panel. 4. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. click No. In the view window. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click Undo. window-select all the columns. 1. click Isolated. click At Columns. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3.Structural . Open the Default 3D view. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. 2. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them.

set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". s On the Properties palette. The footing changes size. A warning displays. Press ESC to clear the column selection.5. in the Type Selector. The footing had been placed at Level 1. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Click OK. 6. To change the size of the footing. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 7. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Structural s 425 .

s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise.8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns. s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural .

STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.

using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

Column b. True b. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Change a grid layout. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Add footings to columns. 2. Beam d. Brace c. Questions 1. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. All of the above. s Place braces. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beam systems.

Stretch b. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Pick points. 5. b. a. Properties c. True b. Select a beam type and define the system layout. d. False 4. When placing columns or beams. b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A but not B. d. 2. c. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. A and B. you use: a. you: a. Select the type of beam or column to place. To change the height of a column. If you relocate a grid line.Structural . You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. All of the above. To create a beam system. Flip Orientation d. c. a. you can: a.

Randy Dymond.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Inc. CA Ronald A Williams. Smith . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.iteaconnect. South Division High School.Executive Director. International Technology Education Association www. PE .Director. WI Roger Dohm .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Mathematics.Instructor. Poway High School.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Poway. Ltd. Copyright s 431 .Teacher. Milwaukee. Susan Harrington . Starkweather .org Project Lead the Way. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .

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