Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

roofs. elevation. windows. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can add building elements in plan. stairs. section. and 3D views.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. furniture. floors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. Other building elements such as doors.Software Tools .

If one is moved. the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. or at any time after. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the illustration shown.While components are being sketched.

all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence.If the left side wall is moved. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Place a predefined Mass family. and math standards. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Engineering. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Constrain placement of objects.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Technology. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. engineering.

This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Masses can be edited in many ways. quickly. roofs. owner. size. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . and curtain systems. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. and then converted into building components such as floors. you can create in-place masses. such as distance requirements from roadways. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. or masses. walls. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. There are mass families available to load into a project. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. A designer. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. roofs. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . walls. masses.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotation includes text notes. tags. and symbol heads.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Explain the use of dimensions. Engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . technology. Math (STEM). legends. and Language Arts. s Recognize temporary dimensions.

Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial. Permanent dimensions can be linear.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system.y. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This lesson relates to science. and Options Bar. s Work with tool buttons. s Open tabs on the ribbon. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. engineering. and math standards. Engineering. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Math (STEM). and Language Arts.Software Tools .Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. the Type Selector. s Open and use ribbon tabs.

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. beams. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. and rooms. doors. for instance. Some commands will not be active (that is. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Display and Navigation s 31 . You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. windows.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

Display and Navigation s 33 . columns.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. and text. trusses. detailing. structural walls. slabs. symbols. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. braces. and foundations.

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Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

and parameters. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.Software Tools . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.Software Tools . Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Print. and Close. Open.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. schedules. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . with four elevation markers visible.Software Tools . Legends. schedules. sheets. and groups.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. families.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 .

The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. sun settings. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. cropping. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. View Control Bar View scale. level of detail. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. rendering (in 3D views). visual style. shadow display. A check mark indicates it is visible. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. and a selection filter counter at the far right end.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Windows panel on the ribbon.Software Tools .

but not at Coarse. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. To change the scale of a view. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 .

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It enables you to switch between Wireframe.Software Tools . Hidden Line. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded. Shaded with Edges.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. which can be according to the view. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time. sun and shadow intensity. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.

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and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the view window displays a colored border. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. along with other display settings.

All views are listed in the Project Browser. To activate or open a view. Annotate. Insert. Nine tabs are available: Home. Manage and Modify. Display and Navigation s 55 . expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Massing & Site. Collaborate. Structure. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. View. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task.

Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

If you select items in the view window. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Properties Palette.Context Tabs. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. When a context tab is active. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. showing options that you can select while you are working. a context tab opens on the ribbon. the Options Bar may display below it. Options Bar.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 .

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools . In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and Publish. File Close only appears on the application menu. New File. Display and Navigation s 65 . Print.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. such as File Open. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Export. File Save. The application menu contains file management controls. Click a file name to open that file. the application menu.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Display and Navigation s 67 . The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. or click New > Project from the application menu. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The completed exercise 4. If you select the menu option. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. 3. To start a new project. The panel titles display under the tab titles. On the ribbon. Do this for other tabs. After you have examined each of them. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Panel Titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. 2. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. make the Home tab active.

and then viewed. you opened a project file. 7. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.Software Tools . In this exercise. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .5. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Select Cycle Through All. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Close the file without saving. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display.

The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. 2. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Display and Navigation s 69 . Quick Start for Revit Architecture.rvt. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. doubleclick the view name. In the Project Browser. Exercise 2. The file opens to a 3D view. Open quick_start_building_elements.

6. You are selecting everything visible. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. On the Properties palette. Clear Walls and Doors. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. all the walls. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click OK. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 8. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type.3. doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . . and windows highlight blue. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 4. 5. Click any interior wall. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48".Software Tools . 7. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements.

10. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click any door. Display and Navigation s 71 . Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. 12. you opened a project file. 11. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool.9. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. click Create panel > Create Similar. In this exercise. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. On the Modify | Doors context tab. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. examined the menus and toolbars.rvt. Place a door as shown. On the Properties palette.

either predefined or user-created. Technology. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. s Load and place component families. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. mechanical equipment). drafting views. and Language Arts. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit provides floor plan. building elements (walls. s Work with Revit families. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. ceiling plan. System families include levels. s Create a new in-place family. Engineering. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. templates. and views. You can create sections. Math (STEM).Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. lines. display controls. Pan. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and 3D views using the View menu. floors). Views can be added to your drawing sheets. To review the list of standards for each lesson. In the exercises. operating settings. schedules. and elevation views by default.Software Tools . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. annotations.

and math standards.This lesson relates to science. engineering. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

Four elevation markers are visible. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visibility 1. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Exercise: View Controls A building model. The elevation markers disappear from the view. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. Use your keyboard to enter VV. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Rightclick in the view window. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Unit2_building_elements. even a small one. There is no way to see everything in it. The display changes. First. Right-click. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Click OK. VG also opens the dialog box. is an extensive database.Software Tools . The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click the Annotation Categories tab.rvt. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.

In the Project Browser. Click Zoom In Region. Right-click. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . 7. Right-click.4. so be sure to select them both. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Select the roof outline. click Detail Level. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. There are two parts to an elevation. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. 5. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Enter ZF. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click Open. On the View Control Bar. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Zoom to Fit. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Select Detail Level: Medium. 6.

The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Turn off visibility of the elevations. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Properties palette. View Properties 1. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Click Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Enter VH. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. change the Underlay value to None. as before. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment.8.Software Tools . doors and windows are not shown. 2. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window.

Next to View Range. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. and where the cut plane sits. Set the cut plane value to 7' .3. Click Rename. the ridge is now visible. For Name. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. enter Roof. click Edit. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. 4. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Right-click.0". Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click OK.

Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shadows On. select Winter Solstice. 5. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Set the time to 9:30 am. under Solar Study. 2. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Still.Graphic Display Options 1. 4. In the Presets list. In the Sun Settings dialog box. In the dialog box that opens. Accept the location that activates. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Shading with Edges. 3.Software Tools . Open Elevation view South.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6.rvt. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .

s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. walls. and families in place. commercial. Doors. In Revit. These components are called families and there are several different types.Software Tools . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and use a Revit family to place a door. Additionally.rvt. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. and furniture.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. windows. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. doors and windows are dependent on walls). objects can be defined as hosted (for example. railings. and so on. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. lights. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. such as levels. or institutional structures. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. load. Open Unit2_views. On the Home tab. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. 3. floors. and floors. Build panel. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Doors are considered standard family entities. s A system family. roofs. and annotations are examples of standard families. You add closet doors to interior walls. standard families. you open an existing project file. furniture). except they are fully parametric and table-driven. 2. This exercise illustrates how you locate. windows. or stand-alone (for example. furniture. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. click Door. is predefined within Revit. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There are system families. and place Revit families.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Family files have a file extension of *.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Locate Double Panel 2. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. 4. s s 6. It has a number of different sizes defined. Furniture. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Tag panel. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You click to place an instance of the door family. Click Open.rvt. As you move your cursor near any wall. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. and Annotation. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. On the Modify | Place Door tab. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette.rfa. Accept the default size. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Click Open. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Project files have a file extension of *. 5. Click the Doors folder. If you highlight a door family.rfa.

loaded. and placed instances of a door family. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.7. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. but not strongly. Place two more instances of the door as shown. you located. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 9. 8. In this exercise. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.Software Tools . Place an instance of the door as shown. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.rvt. simply click it. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.

The required width is not available.rvt. and create an in-place family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 5. Select the double door as shown.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. enter 48" x 80". In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. 2. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Unit2_doors_walls. Click OK. click Duplicate. 4. modify a door family. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 3. This door needs to be 48" wide. you open an existing project file. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.

For Name. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 4. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Build panel.Software Tools . The door updates. enter Hall Clock. Click OK. 3. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 2. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. is to create a component family in place. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. In the dialog box. Click OK. select Generic Models. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 1. On the Properties palette.6. On the Home tab. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . set the Extrusion End value to 6". The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 5. click Component > Model In-Place.

Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. 9.2". Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". The family model updates. You have created the base of the clock. 7.6. 13. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .rvt. and placed a door family.4" as shown. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 10. loaded. In this exercise.0' 2". Revit will display . 8. you located. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. On the Draw panel. as shown. 11. 12. click Rectangle. Click OK. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.

STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.Software Tools . s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law.

Zoom to an area selected by a right click. context tabs. False 2. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Create a 3D perspective view. True b. a. d. and place a family from a library. d. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each project has several predefined views. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Change view properties. depending on the template selected. Views can be renamed. c. To activate a view: a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. load. False 4.Software Tools . and Options Bar. True b. a. s Access. The tool shown is used to: a. c. c. Either a or b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Right-click. False 5. b. 7. Questions 1. False 3. s Change view displays. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Turn on Shadows. a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Spin the model in 3D space. d. s Create an in-place model family. s Change type properties of a family. b. and click Open. s Open different views. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Adjust Visual Style Options. tab. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. True b. b. 6. Zoom to the entire model.

8. Blocks c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Properties palette 10. Project Browser d. a. etc. depending on settings 9. System c. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Multiview b. windows. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . A family created within a project is called ________________. Scroll d. Standard b. In-Place d. Pan and Zoom b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Parts d. Rotate c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Families 11.) are called: a. All of the above. If you have a scroll wheel mouse.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Revit Architecture setup. 3. s Duplicate and modify views. s Create a project template. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 8. you will be able to: s Select a project template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimensions and text. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Create dimension and text styles. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 9. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 4.

Engineering. and Language Arts. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. colors. Visit the AIA website at www. and so forth. Many cities and counties have their own rules. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .org. and the settings that are preset within them. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. linetypes. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.org.aia. Explain why templates are used. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. defining the layers.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. based on the AIA standards. Visit the AIAS website at www. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.Standards and Building Codes . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. colors. After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. should be used. Math (STEM). linetypes.aias.

This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

A garage must be completely enclosed. a garage. otherwise it is considered a carport. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. defined and adopted by convention. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and so on. and so on. If there is a fire. windows. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. A unit is a particular physical quantity. If it lacks any of these components. one window. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. it cannot be called a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. it must have at least one door. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. a bathroom. like mechanical drawing.Standards and Building Codes . For example. a common area (such as a living room or family room). doors. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. the number being its numerical value. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. and one closet. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.

such as room size and wall height. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. in the United States. Another method is to apply dual notation. units are applied to dimensions.For example. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. also known as the International System of Units. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . using imperial units. Here h is the physical quantity. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. The value of h expressed in the unit foot.. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.. unit symbol m. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. unit symbol ft. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. the construction industry still uses the English. However. glass. or imperial. is 169 m. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. In architectural drafting. its value is expressed in the unit meter. and other materials. is 555 ft.

Scales are ratios. and viewports.Standards and Building Codes . Each size is designated by a letter. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. In Revit Architecture. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. line weight and pattern.) 8. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. sheets. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. every 1/8" would represent 1'. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. one value representing another value. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.

a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.a modified version of the AIA standard. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. elevators. symbols. notes Demolition. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. site plan. You create and position views. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).01. The integers go from 0 to 9.

the HVAC company. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. drawing scales. annotation plot sizes. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. the electrician.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and so on. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. the author of the drawing. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The paper is oriented landscape. For example. The next space is for tracking revisions. Each building project must comply with a specific standard.Standards and Building Codes . The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Typically. Usually. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. the date drawn. and other relevant information. The column is divided into sections. fonts. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. so that the height is less than the width. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. followed by information on the building's owner. that is. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. and layer standards.

dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. layer settings.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. title blocks. and so forth.

To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes . Technology. dimension styles. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and Language Arts. windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Math (STEM). These can be used to build your model. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. views. and walls.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

On the application menu. In the New Project dialog box. 2. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Select a Template 1. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 3. you create a new project file using a template. Open Revit to an empty project file.Standards and Building Codes . click New > Project. In Revit. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. factory. Condominiums. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. you use templates as starting points. click Browse.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. apartments. or store. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.

you started a new project file using a standard template. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. In this exercise. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. 6.4. Click OK. click Close to close this project without saving. Settings s 103 . On the application menu. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. saving set up time. Click Open. Select the Residential-Default. 5.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

2. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. expand Floor Plans under Views. In the Project Browser. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The Wall tool remains active.rvt. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall. click Wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 3. Click to start a new wall. the drawing setup options are preset. Build panel.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. open ADA__Settings. In this exercise. The file opens to a 3D view. Pull the cursor to the right. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In the courseware datasets folder. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.Standards and Building Codes .

s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.4. (The keyboard shortcut is UN.) 6. 5. Press ESC to cancel the wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Click Format for Length. 8. Settings s 105 . Place the cursor over the left wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 7. and move the cursor right. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Unit symbol to m. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. click to start a new wall.

The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Click OK. 2. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. By default. there are two types of dimensions. click Duplicate. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. On the Annotate tab. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. Temporary dimensions display when you select.rvt. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. create. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Aligned.Standards and Building Codes . 3.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. but also control the size and location of objects. or insert components. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Dimension panel. 1. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 4. temporary and permanent. enter Big Text. dimensions not only display. Open ADA_Dimensions. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions.

s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 107 . In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".5. left. 7. Click to place. s Click OK twice. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 6. The Dimension tool is still active. Select the top. Drag the dimension to the left of the view.

you opened an existing file. s s s Select the far left. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.8. and far right vertical walls. In this exercise. The Dimension tool stays active. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . created a new dimension style. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Click to place the dimension.

In order to do this. and the view window displays the new plan. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1.rvt. Settings s 109 . you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the datasets folder. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. There are no annotations visible. These are annotations. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 3.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. 2. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. Notice the door and window tags.

On the Manage tab. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Double-click to open it. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Rename. Click OK. 7. 5. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. click Project Information. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click OK to update the display of this view. 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. In the Project Browser.4. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. Settings panel. 8. 6. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 9.

Click New Sheet. 2. Settings s 111 .Add a Sheet 1. Enter the address as shown. 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. click Edit.) 3. Click OK. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. or supply your own values: Click OK. Rightclick. highlight the title block displayed in the list. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 2. You can also enter the address of your school. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. In the Value column of Project Address.

Notice the change to the title block. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Add a View to the Sheet 1. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.4. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. 5. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Click Apply.Standards and Building Codes . Next. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. In the Identity Data and Other sections.

4. Click Activate View. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select Deactivate View. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Settings s 113 . Select the new viewport. Select Add View to Sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 2. Right-click in the view. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Right-click. 3.

s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. you: select it. Place the cursor 7. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes.Standards and Building Codes . The Scale updates in the title block. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. of the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.5. Finish the move. deselect it. s Added a sheet. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6.

you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Settings s 115 . This is one of the longer exercises. click New > Titleblock. Select A-11x8. 4. A copy of the 11 x 8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. On the application menu. It opens to the Recent Files window. 3.rft. 2. Start Revit Architecture.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.5.5 title block template opens. Click Open.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. On the Quick Access toolbar.Landscape. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. you created a title block using a template file. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Add a label for Sheet Number. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. select Drawn By. 15.9. click Save to save the title block. Add a label for Checked By. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. On the application menu. s Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . s Click Add. click Close. 10. Save the title block as A . Your teacher may specify another location. 12. 13. Accept the Sample Value. 11.rfa. Right-click. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Accept the Sample Value. 14. Click Zoom to Fit.

In the Recent Files window.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 3. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. 4. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Click Open. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Insert a Title Block 1. click New to create a new project using the default template. Settings s 125 . and then load a custom title block into your project. 5. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. On the View tab. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. The title block appears in the graphics window. Highlight the title block and click OK. 2. you create a new project file. Locate your title block. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list.

rvt in a location determined by your instructor. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. you a created a new project file. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Click OK. s For Drawn By. On the Manage tab. Click Zoom to Fit. s For Checked By.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. enter Student Project Unit 3. enter your instructor's name. 6. On the Properties palette. 4. 3. Settings panel. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter your name. click Project Information. In this exercise. 5.Standards and Building Codes . edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Click OK. 2. Select the title block. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Click OK.

The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. in addition to predefined wall types. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. such as 3D and plan views. including how the rendered image looks. In the New Project dialog box. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. 2. 1. Click OK. and then load them like families.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. select Project Template. In this exercise. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. On the Insert tab. and the units for your custom template. 3. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. you define the title block. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Create a Template In this exercise. On the application menu. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. click New > Project. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. you create a new project file. a dimension style. angles. and slope angle. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. settings. and geometry from the template.

Standards and Building Codes .Landscape. enter 3/16" Verdana. Next. You create a custom dimension style. For Name.4. create a Dimension Style.rfa. On the Manage tab. 6. 9. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 10. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". In the Type Properties dialog box. 8. Click OK twice. 5. Click OK. click Duplicate. Click the Length field in the Format column. On the Annotate tab. click Settings panel > Project Units. Open the title block A . 7. Set the units for the template. There will be no visible change. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Change the following settings as shown: 13. Select the A . 15. Settings s 129 . Click OK. Rightclick.11. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. select Sheets (All). The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click OK. Click New Sheet.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 12. 14. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette.

title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Click OK.rte. and units that you defined. The title block updates. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .16. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.Standards and Building Codes . as well as dimension style and units. Save the file name as A-English template. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. In this exercise. 17. You can use this template for future projects.

and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. abstract format.

An architect b. s Create a dimension style. A. P. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. is defined as what? a. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". a. UBC c. s Create labels. A unit 4.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 1:3 b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. NCTM d.02 b. s Change lineweight. Using AIA Standards. s Create a title block. 1:32 5. English c. False 3. General Questions 1. S. dimension styles. 1:12 c. NCSESA 2. you learned to: s Set units in a file. Metric d. s Create a text style. 1:24 d. a.Standards and Building Codes . s Change dimension colors. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. A particular physical quantity.02 d. s Create a template. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Create text. s Create dimensions. True b. AIA b. A.05 c.

you click: a. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Application menu > Properties b. To set the units in a project. a. a. True b. Wall midpoints d. True b. False 6. dimensions snap to: a. you use: a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Point offsets 3. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. By default.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall faces b. False 4. To change the scale of a view. In Revit Architecture. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. True b. To create a new sheet. Wall centerlines c.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 2. s Define a wall structure. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 6. s Align walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Trim and extend walls. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students.

About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.Walls . them. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. List the different types of occupancy. or filling in between. their construction and materials. After completing this lesson. separate. and protect its interior spaces. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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5. an angular dimension displays. It will not print. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Stud. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Enter 10.3. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Clear the Chain option. but it disappears when you begin another action. Click to set the endpoint. After you create the wall. As you continue to move the cursor. Expand the Type Selector list. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. the dimension updates incrementally. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. indicating wall length.Brick on Mtl. 4. a dashed line displays. click it to open an edit field. Select the Single Line option. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Walls s 151 . To modify a dimension. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.

Create panel. click Modify to stop placing walls. the controls may sit on top of one another. Click the wall. 8. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click to start the next wall. 7. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click Create Similar. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation.6. The wall does not show any internal detail. click the Detail Level icon. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly.Walls . Select panel. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Depending on your zoom in the view. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the View Control Bar. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. After setting the vertical wall's direction. enter 7. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Press ENTER. On the Modify | Walls tab.

Also. an alignment line displays. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Select the right vertical wall. Click Modify. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Notice that two dimensions display. notice how the wall joins at the corner. 10. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Walls s 153 . Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. release the mouse button to set a new length. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line.9. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. no matter where you move the cursor. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.

154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select Chain on the Options Bar.11. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 13. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Select the lower vertical wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Right-click. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. When using the Chain option.Walls . On the Home tab. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Click Cancel. click Wall. Build panel. Sketch the walls as shown. 14. 16. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 15. Repeat. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 12.

Click Modify. In this exercise. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Click Zoom to Fit.18. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Walls s 155 . After clicking the second end. 20. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Clear the Chain option. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Create Similar again. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.rvt. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 19. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Save the project as Unit4_walls.

you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. and extend walls. To do this. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Walls . Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Both split walls are shown below. fillet. Split Walls 1. 4. Do the same for the vertical wall. 2. Click Modify.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. This exercise illustrates how to split. align. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. trim. Only part of the wall highlights. You now remove the upper right corner. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. The cursor changes to a razor blade. you first split the walls at the intersections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. 3.

On the Modify | Walls tab. Select any wall. click Undo and repeat the steps. Enter 5'. On the Options Bar. 3. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). If you make a mistake. 4. select Radius. Create panel. Walls s 157 . On the Modify | Wall tab. Modify panel. Click Fillet Arc. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 2. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. click Create Similar. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building.Fillet Walls 1. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You can also click the flip control. click Delete. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 5.

6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 3. 1. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Wall tool is still active. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. You align the wall in the next steps. Place an interior wall as shown. 2. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Walls .

To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Pull the cursor straight up. s On the Options Bar. The length is not critical. such as location lines. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned.4. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Walls s 159 . Click to create a wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can lock the alignment. clear Chain.

The length is not critical.Walls . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the horizontal wall as shown. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 3. This will extend to the border. 4. The walls can cross. This will be the border.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 6. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. Select the two interior walls in turn. 2. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the vertical wall as shown.

you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. Walls s 161 .7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. and trim. fillet. In this exercise. align.

Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. 1. The Modify tool is active by default. Select the Exterior wall as shown. On the Properties palette.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. click Edit Type.Walls .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. satisfy different requirements. 2. 3. and vary in cost. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.

The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Add two additional layers to the wall. For Name. s Select Finish 1 [4]. enter 8" Insulated Stud. To edit the structure of the wall. Walls s 163 . To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click the arrow at the right. 5. Every layer of a wall. has a Function you can edit. s Click Up. 8. When you are finished. s Click the number of Layer 3. 7. Click OK. Click Insert twice. s Click Down twice. click Edit in the Structure value field.4. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. 6. the wall structure should be as shown. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. except Core Boundary.

and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Stud Layer. s Set the Material to Finishes .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Material. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Modify the Function. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Exterior . 13. which displays plan or section views. select Finishes . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Walls . s Set the Material to Wood . 10. 11. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 12.9. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s Set the Thickness to 5/8".

From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. In the Project Browser. select Medium. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 16. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. expand the Families branch. 17. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 15. On the Properties palette.14. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Walls s 165 .

Walls . In this exercise.18. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. From the Type Selector list. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 19. 20. Right-click 8" Exterior. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Close the file without saving. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. defined a new wall structure. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. You opened an existing file. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.

Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. for example. you create and modify vertically compound walls.Brick on Mtl. such as a weatherproof outside surface. 2.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. wood rails. and a decorated interior surface. The model opens in a 3D view.rvt. In this exercise. Stud walls as shown. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. 3. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a structural mid-section. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You can define a wall type with these elements. Select one of the Exterior .

You can set the sample height to any value. You can assign different materials to regions. When you split a layer. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. To split a layer or region vertically. In this exercise. so all instances of this type change. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 6. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . either horizontally or vertically. As indicated in the dialog box title. To define the structure of the wall. You can split regions into other regions. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. or you will lose your changes. 1.4. You change the type. click Edit. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 5. into regions. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active.Walls . Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 2. the new regions assume the same material as the original. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. To split a layer or region horizontally. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Split Region. 7. Wall structures are Type Properties. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. 8. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. in the Structure value field. If not already expanded. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. highlight one of the borders.

Click to merge them. The upper split disappears. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. assign Layer 1. 4. Click Merge Regions. When you merge regions. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to split the region into two parts. 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. In this case. Click to merge the two layers.Brick layer. 3. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . since both regions are composed of the same layer. After merge. Prehighlight a border between regions. 2.3. Walls s 169 .

You create a new layer and assign it to a region. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. 3. 2. s Select the split line. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 4. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. After a region is split. Change the value to 12. If you set the split offset down from the top. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Press ENTER.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 1. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . In the Edit dialog box. Click again to return to the original position. 1. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. indicating that it is modifiable. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 2. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". to the next parallel line.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. you assign the material Masonry Brick . The dimension text turns blue.Walls . the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Next. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. To create a new wall layer. 3. Click Insert. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. instead of down. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Click the temporary dimension text. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. click Modify.

as shown. Walls s 171 . Modify. Close the file without saving. It immediately highlights in blue. Click OK. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. because it is now the selected layer. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 10. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Split Region. 7. It also shows a thickness value. All walls of this type have been changed. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4].Brick Soldier Course layer. Click OK. Merge Region.4. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click Assign Layers. Change the Material to Masonry . it highlights in blue in the preview window. 9. 5. and Insert Layer tools. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. When a layer is selected in the table. In this exercise.Brick Soldier Course. 8. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . The preview changes appearance. 6.

Walls .STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. piping. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. earth. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed. and protected. ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the view. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but also the natural lighting. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the ventilation.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . and the amount of space you have inside your building. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Custom types and sizes can also be built.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. An unobstructed opening of 5. The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route.7 sq. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . must be provided by the window being used as an egress. ft.Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20".

you learn how to place doors and windows. and furniture are defined in family files. s Center a door in a wall. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Components such as doors. technology. Technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and copy these elements. This lesson relates to science. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. move. and how to position. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Engineering. In this unit. Some families are loaded into each empty file. s Copy windows.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. windows. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. engineering. Doors and Windows s 187 . how to load additional door and window families.

In other words. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. To flip the door. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. This can be done in a plan view. 3. When placing doors in a plan view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. or 3D view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. 2.Doors and Windows . click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Add Doors 1. On the Home tab. elevation view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. To reverse the swing. Build panel. click Door. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Once a door is placed.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. the door swing would be to the left side. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.

Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. From the Type Selector list. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. click Load Family. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Doors and Windows s 189 . Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.Load Families 1. Mode panel. 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. With the Door command active. In order to keep file size small. Click Open. and windows into project files. walls. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. 3.rfa. except for the Type Selector. The display does not change.

The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 5.Doors and Windows .4. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. From the Type Selector. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". If necessary. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. To Doors and Windows s 191 .6. Remember. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. If you place a door in the wrong location. simply click it and enter the correct value. Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension. Place instances of single doors as shown. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. or by using the swing control arrows.

Doors and Windows .rvt.7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.

Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. approach the wall from the right side. click Modify and select the window. You can place windows in a plan view. On the Home tab. Build panel. elevation view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Open Unit5_doors. or 3D view. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Add Windows 1.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. the outside of the window is to the left side. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. To reverse the window after performing another operation. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. From the Type Selector. When placing windows in a plan view. click Window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To face the outside of the window to the other side.

All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 5. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt. Window tags do not number in sequence. In this exercise. and placed windows.3. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. loaded a door family. placed doors. you opened an existing project. You do not need to add dimensions. Place seven more windows as shown.Doors and Windows . 4.

Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. and so on. click Aligned. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window. wall. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. On the Annotate tab. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. s Align and modify walls. place a door. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. 1. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Dimension panel. and modify the wall. 4. 2. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.rvt. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 3. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension.

6. the other wall will remain aligned. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. Click the center of the door. Select the upper wall first. Align Walls 1.Doors and Windows . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. 5. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The door changes location. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Notice the symbol. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.s s s s Click the left wall. The walls are now aligned. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click the lock icon to enable it. 2. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.) The dimension value is now shown. Change the dimension to 16.4. 3. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . The walls shift and remain aligned. Clear the EQ Display value. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Right-click. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Dimensions display below it.

you placed a continuous dimension. Click Zoom to Fit.Doors and Windows . 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .6. 7. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.

4. 1. In this exercise. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel.rvt.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. especially if there are many different types. click Create Similar. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. On the Modify | Windows tab. 2. Doors and Windows s 199 . Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time.

The window will change appearance. 3.Doors and Windows . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.Copy Windows 1. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. On the Modify | Windows tab. 2. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . click Copy. The window is copied. Select the window you just placed. Modify panel. 4.

Doors and Windows s 201 . Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.rvt. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. 6.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. flat glass is a recent invention.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. heat. cold. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

34" 4. 32" d. s Place a window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 28" b. s Position a door or window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 32" b. Standard b. 30" c. 40" d. a. Custom 3. False 2. If a room is used for sleeping. s Align a door or window. a. General Questions 1. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. True b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Copy a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 36" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. you learned to: s Place doors.

Select the door. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. To center a door or window in a wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. False 5.Doors and Windows . True b. Load from Library b. you: a. Select the door. To change the location of a door or window. Select the door. Click Modify > Flip Direction. b. c. Insert d. b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Use door grips to reposition. A reference plane b. d. you use: a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. False 2. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Clone b. d. Link c. Properties 3. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Offset c. True b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Select the door. Click Door Properties. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Right-click. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Copy 8. a. you use ________. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. c. To change the swing direction of a door: a. a. True b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Load c. The center snap 7. Click Flip Direction. Duplicate d. 4. Click Door Properties. a. 6.

3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 5. Lesson Plan 1. 4. s Create railings. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Review stairs and railings. (Student) Evaluate students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. List the different stair types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.

and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Engineering. Technology. and math standards. This lesson relates to technology. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Then. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Once the actual riser height is determined. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. such as ice and snow.

Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings .

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

of certain horizontal depth or run. and spiral stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. In multistory buildings. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. The riser and run values update accordingly. and Language Arts. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . U-shaped stairs. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Modify stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Engineering.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology. or vertical circulation. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. which includes elevators. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. s Add a railing. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. or tread. Technology. You can define straight runs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. L-shaped runs with a landing. For safety reasons. You create stairs in a plan view.Stairs and Railings . sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. and stairs. Math (STEM). ramps. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. As you move the cursor. s Create U-shaped stairs. engineering. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties.

This enables you to place the stairs properly. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Stairs and Railings s 217 . 3. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.rvt. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This file is in metric units.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. you create stairs using a straight run. On the Properties palette.

This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. you create a straight run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Circulation panel. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . These tools are used to define your stairs. click Stairs. Run is preselected. On the Home tab.Stairs and Railings . You can define either a straight run or a circular run. In this case. The cursor changes to a crosshairs.4. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.

The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. select Finish (green check). indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. and then click to define the run of stairs. Stairs and Railings s 219 . To change the run dimension. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. the run footprint stops expanding. On the Mode panel. If you have not fully created the run. 8. Revit displays the number of risers you created. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. As you move the cursor up. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 7. 9. Select this intersection point to start your run. 10.6. You can continue to move the cursor up.

12. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 13. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.rvt. click application menu > Save As > Project. you created and placed a straight run stair. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.Stairs and Railings . and switched to a 3D view. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. To avoid overwriting the original file.11. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.

you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Activate view Floor Plans. click Align. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Edit panel. 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Level 1.rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. On the Modify tab. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The stair is not centered on the landing. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress.

You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Click the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Take time to make the selections correctly. The Align command remains active. You can rotate your model to get a better view. which is located at the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines.4. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. On the Options Bar. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. 5. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.Stairs and Railings . 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click the center of the wall first. from the Prefer list. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.

Select the stairs. 9. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. and Dimensions subsections. 7. Hover the cursor over the railing. Graphics. expand Sections (Building Section). s For Name. On the Properties palette. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . s Click OK. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. railings were created with the stairs. click Edit Type. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. enter Lobby Stairs. Change Width to 1350. As you prehighlight them. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. 8.6. s Click Duplicate.

Lobby Stair View. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Stairs and Railings . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Cherry s s Click Modify.10. Select both railings. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.

Next. Click it to select it. Delete this line. Mode panel. In the Type Selector. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The railings change. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. click Edit Sketch. s Zoom in on the stairs. 13. The stair changes to the run sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top.12. Stairs and Railings s 225 . You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. 14. you change the shape of the stairs. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Select Railing: 900mm Pipe.

click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.15. s On the Modify panel. 18. Click Modify. click Boundary. click the left end of the top riser. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s Select the arc boundary you just created.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the arc. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 16. To place the second arc endpoint. On the Draw panel. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 19. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 17.

Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the right boundary. the arc center point. This will define a rounded first step. On the Draw panel. Next. Click CenterEnds-Arc. 20. Click to exit the Mirror command. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the middle of the seventh riser going up. select the endpoint of the left boundary.21. click Riser. The left boundary will be mirrored. For the third point. First.

On the Mode panel. click Finish. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.Stairs and Railings . You also modified the properties of a railing. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.22. In this exercise. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you modified stair properties and boundaries.rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results.

you need to define a path for the railing. 3. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. The completed exercise To create a railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. For simple railings. Select the right side railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. This is typically done in plan view. s s Sketch a Railing 1.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you add a railing to a second floor landing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Click Modify. you sketch the plan view path. In this case. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Therefore. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it.

4. edit the temporary dimension.Stairs and Railings . s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Then. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. s s On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. click Line. Once the railing is selected. Mode panel. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. You do not need to add dimensions. on the Modify | Railings tab. To set the exact distance. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. 7. 5. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The dimensions are shown as a guide. select Chain. 6. click Edit Path.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. 9. Stairs and Railings s 231 . you used sketch tools to create a railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete your lines and try again. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. In this exercise. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing.

rvt from the previous exercise. In this exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Create a Reference Plane 1. you create a reference plane. s On the Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. s On the Options Bar. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.Stairs and Railings . the stairs appear as a U-shape. set the Offset value to 850. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. 2. In a floor plan view. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Work Plane panel.

For Name. 4. On the Home tab. To start sketching the run. 5. Matte 2. enter Exit Stairs. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. change the Width parameter to 900. click Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click Edit Type. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Click OK. Dark Gray. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click OK twice. On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Pull the cursor straight up. 6. Circulation panel. 3. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left.

9. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads).Stairs and Railings . Click to finish the stair run. enter 1925. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer to the right. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.7. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Press ENTER. 8. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.

Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. On the Stairs panel. it is because you have overlapping lines. To remove the lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. You temporarily hide the walls in the view.10. Remove the additional lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. If you get an error message. On the View Control bar. 11. you select Continue to return the sketch. Stairs and Railings s 235 . but they are hidden behind walls. click Finish Stairs. 2. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element.

Reset the Display 1. 5. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.Stairs and Railings . 6. Finally. The walls are now hidden. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This is a multistory stair. 3. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. On the View Control Bar. On the Properties palette.rvt. 4.3. and to create a U-shaped stair. you learned to create a reference plane. In this exercise. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 2. Select the stairs so they highlight. Zoom in to see your stairs. The exterior walls reappear.

and elevators. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators.

Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They cost less.Stairs and Railings . smoke guards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. this openness makes them fire hazards. but they can also be highly decorative. and deliver riders without wait time. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Include landings as required by your local building code. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.

A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 40" 4. 36" d. a. b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. s Create railings.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. General Questions 1. True b. 180 degrees 3. 90 degrees d. a. 45 degrees c. False 2. True b. a. s Modify stair boundaries. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. and all treads should be the same run. you learned to: s Create stairs. 32" c. 25 degrees b. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 30" b.

Manage d. You can apply materials to different stair components. Arc d. Modify c. risers b. To create railings on stairs without railings. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. a.Stairs and Railings . To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Fasten Railing 5. a. Home b. a. Run. a. Boundary lines. Align Railing d. risers and treads. Rectangle c. you use the _______ option. a. True b. that is. False 6. Attach Railing c. Pick New Host b. risers 3. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. riser lines c. Circle 4. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. True b. Railings. Line b. Insert 2. Treads. riser d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

(Student) 11. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Place fascia. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 4.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 7. (Student) 5. (Student) 9. (Student) 3. (Student) 8. s Place gutters. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof.

242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.Roofs . Calculate the rise. and downspouts. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. It addresses roof construction. gutters. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Identify the different roof types. run.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. tiles. After completing this lesson.

s Rake: The inclined. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. About Roofs s 243 . s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Math (STEM). Technology. engineering. This lesson relates to science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. and math standards. Engineering.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

maintenance. as well as how effective a shelter it is. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and sun. Sloped roofs. rot. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. the roofing pattern. texture. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and color. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. and sunlight. durability. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and low maintenance roofing material. durability. and colors. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. About Roofs s 245 . How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. snow. resulting in at least one textured face. are designed for shedding water and snow. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. both low and steep. You can use them for many different applications. They come in several types. brands. resistance to wind and fire. and if visible. resistance to wind and fire. maintenance. These are used more often on upscale homes. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. fire-resistant. the roofing pattern. and if visible. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. texture.

choose a type that will suit your needs. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. Unfortunately. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. galvanized steel. quality.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. and require little maintenance. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. They are fire-resistant. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. Therefore. durable. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. fiberglass. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. treatment for insects. special characteristics (for example. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. consider such factors as cost. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. and so forth).Roofs . and insulating capability (R-value). This same roof on a clear. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. reinforced plastic. When choosing the insulation for your job. odor. zinc alloy. or corrugated structural glass. galvanized steel.

The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

the requirements for underlayment. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. eave flashing.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

and span. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. The run value is typically equal to 12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . A number indicates the value of the rise. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. run. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. where as.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. but the two sides are not symmetrical. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.Roofs . 7-12. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 on 12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.

s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create various roof types. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. you can add gutters. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Create a roof fascia. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Place gutters. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or ice. and fascia. s Assign roof structure and materials. Once you create a roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. To create a roof by the extrusion method. dormers. or roof overhangs. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. water. or eaves. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. Roofs s 255 . often supporting a gutter. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Create a hip roof. soffits. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. snow. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. To create a roof by face.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. that convey rainwater to drains. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. All roofs have to be impervious to wind.

This lesson relates to science. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Engineering. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. technology. engineering.Roofs . and math standards.

3. select the Name option. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Click OK to continue. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 2. To create an extruded roof.. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open ADA_Roofs.rvt.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. In the Work Plane dialog box. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. you create an extruded roof.

Before sketching the roof's profile. 2. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value.5. On the Work Plane panel. Click Open View. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. The section view should display as shown. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. click Ref Plane. 6.Roofs . 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. s Use the image below for guidance. 4. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". In the Go To View dialog box. Draw panel. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. 3. Drawing Reference Planes 1. select Section: Section 1. click Line.

5. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click Modify. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Roofs s 259 . To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. Using the image below for guidance. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value. s Click the EQ toggle.

click Line. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 5. 3. Right-click. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Horizontal. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 2. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 6. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 1. On the Properties palette. s On the Options Bar. click Finish (green check).Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 7. On the Mode panel.Roofs . 4. click Chain. Click Modify. for Name. you can label them. Click OK.

Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 261 . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.12" type.8. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9.

On the Modify tab. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Using the images for guidance. This is a two-step process. 2. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface.Roofs . Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 1. click Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . carefully select the far right roof edge. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 3. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

This will join the wall tops to the roof.4. 2. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. 3. open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Modify Wall panel. Select the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . select Attach Wall: Top. Trim Walls 1. Select both walls. To select both walls together. In the Project Browser. However. click Attach: Top/ Base. On the Options Bar. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. The roof now looks correct.Roofs . s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. In this exercise. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. Switch to a 3D view.4. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. 5.

and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. a dialog box is displayed. Click Yes. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. In this exercise. select Garage Roof. from existing walls. so you look straight down as in a plan. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 3. 1. The inner loops define openings in the roof. From the drop-down list. The footprint sketch is created at 2. On the Home tab.rvt. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 4. Build panel. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Because you are in a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Unit7_first_roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. by Footprint.

s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 6. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.5. click Defines Slope. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. If you place a line on the wrong side. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.Roofs .0". clear the Defines slope option. select the vertical wall on the left. 8. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. s On Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. Next. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. click Pick Walls. 7. Select the right vertical wall of the garage.

Click beside the edit box to enter the value. click Yes. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Change this value to 6"/12". defining lines separately. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Click the 9"/12" text. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. change the value to 6"/12". Select the left slope defining line. Click Modify. Select the right side roof line. 2. When a roof line is set to slope defining. It becomes an editable field. Roofs s 267 . 1. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Other controls also display.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 3. That value displays next to the slope arrow. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. The new roof displays. click Finish. By default. To complete the roof.

Roofs . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 5. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.rvt.4. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.

Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. To chain-select all of the walls. Build panel. 2. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Roofs s 269 . 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. click to select them. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. When all of the walls prehighlight. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". Clear Defines Slope. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. On Home tab. On the Options Bar. 4.

verify the 0' 0" Offset. Right-click. As an alternate.Roofs . On the Draw panel. click Rectangle. Using the image for guidance.Create a Roof Opening 1. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Options Bar. 2. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Zoom into the chimney area. 3. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.

As in the previous exercise. select the Defines Slope. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 3. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. click Yes. 2. 5. 4. The slope indicator displays. horizontal line. Select the uppermost. Select the left lower horizontal line. Click Modify. Click Finish. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 271 . 6.Add Slope Lines 1. select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar.

272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 8. attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise.rvt. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.7. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. and chimney penetration.

On the Options Bar. Roofs s 273 .Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 2. The completed exercise On the Home tab. set Overhang to 2' . 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.0". Build panel.rvt. Create the Roof 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Zoom into the area shown. Select Defines Slope. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 5. you create a hip roof. Select the three walls shown in the image.

Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.0". click Line. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . you use the Line tool. s On the Draw panel. To close the roof sketch. 3. Click Finish to complete the roof. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.Roofs . On the Properties palette. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Raise the Roof 1. Click OK. Switch to a 3D View. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. Right-click the ViewCube. 6.7. In addition. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. s s Clear Defines Slope.

Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . Select the edge of the hip roof first.

In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2.

Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.rvt. Roofs s 277 . you create a shed roof using the footprint method. On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. The file should open to a 3D view. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 4. Create a Shed Roof 1. 2. click Line. 6. 3. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 7. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 5. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Pick Walls.

Set the Offset to 0' 0". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 12. 13. 10. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Right-click the line. Click Toggle Slope Defining.Roofs . Select the lower. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 11. On the Properties palette. 9. Click Modify. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch.8. Set the Slope to 6" / 12".

Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint. 16. Switch to a 3D view.rvt. In this exercise. Click OK. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.14. 17. 15. Finish the Roof. click Yes. 18. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.

Activate the view North Elevation. Select the Roof. select Level 3. Open the Default 3D view. 4. The roof updates. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1.rvt. On the menu bar. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 5.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. You see four levels defined in the model. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.Roofs . 3. Cutoff Level list. On the Properties palette. 2. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.

select Defines Slope. 9. 13. On the Home tab. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. set the slope value to 3"/12". Roofs s 281 . 10. To set the slope for the new roof. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D View. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Finish the Roof. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 11. On the Options Bar. 8. click Pick Lines. on the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. 12. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. 7. Zoom and spin to see your model.6.

A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Roofs .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the main roof over the house. thereby reducing energy consumption.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. In the Type Selector. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1.rvt. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 3. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.

5. click Edit. 4. It is a generic roof type. For Name. Select the roof over the garage. Roofs s 283 . Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Duplicate.Define a Roof Structure 1. 3. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 2. s Click OK. click Edit Type. Click Insert to add a layer. Select Layer 2 as shown. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. enter Clay Tile. For Structure Value.

Roofs . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Model. 6. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Click OK.s s s In the Materials dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In this exercise. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click OK twice. 8. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 7.rvt. The garage roof displays a pattern.

you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Roofs s 285 . or for decoration. In the Open dialog box. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rfa. to support a gutter. 2. 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rvt. On the Home tab. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 3. On the Insert tab. In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Click Open. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. click Roof > Fascia.

select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. click Edit Type. Click Duplicate.Paint Finish Ivory. Set the Material value to Metal . In the Type Properties dialog box. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click OK. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 6. for Profile. For Name. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Matte.Roofs .5. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.

Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Roofs s 287 .8. In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia.

For Name. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Home tab. Click OK. The completed exercise 4. 3. select Metal Aluminum. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 5.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. In the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . under Profile parameter. Under Material parameter. Click OK. select Gutter . To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. so as not to detract from the design of the building.rvt. 6. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Bevel: 5" x 5". click Edit Type. 1. you add gutters to a building. click Roof > Gutter. 2. s Click Duplicate. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Place Gutters In this exercise. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

rvt. In this exercise.7. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Segments will clean up at corners. Roofs s 289 . You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 9. the gutter displays on the wrong side. you attached gutters to a roof. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 8. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 11. If you click the interior face. 10. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold.Roofs . water.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . heat.

m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s Using your own house.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

True b. Shed 4. s Place gutters. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. s Place fascia. True b. Medium c. High d. Gable b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof.Roofs . Gambrel d. the run is always 12. a. a. False 2. Low b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. a. None of the above 3. When referring to roof slope. Hip c.

True b. place a check mark next to: a. a. Roofs can be created using ______. DEL d. Expand/Contract 6. Sketch. ENTER 4. False 7. Slope c. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. face b. True b. d. SHIFT c. Footprint. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Trim/Extend b. extrusion. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Extrusion d. TAB b. 10. a. you use: a. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Walls d. Turn slopes on or off. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Footprint b. a. Add Slope b. profile. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. b. a. sketch. Create Slope d. Change the direction of the slope. a. Defines Slope c. a. True b. Footprint b. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. profile 2. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. extrusion. ______ or _______. c. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Activate Slope 9. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Change the direction of the roof. A compound roof contains layers. To add a slope to a roofline. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Material 8. False 5. Walls. pick d. Create an opening. lines c. a. Face 3. Sketch c. Footprint. Cut/Lengthen c.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create slope annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.

bathrooms. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sections are used to examine the roof. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and tool racks. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. In a commercial structure.Sections and Elevations . the kitchen. floor. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. and special equipment. In a residential building. cabinetry. After completing this lesson. the location of special equipment.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

and are properly cross-referenced. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. on the long axis of the building. and foundation plans. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.Sections and Elevations . 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . t Cross or transverse sections. framing. across its narrower dimension.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.

unnecessary. such as framing connections and foundation details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. full. partial. and steel.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. such as doors and windows. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.

the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. With interior elevations. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. You may.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the titles assigned (North. Unnecessary Information Shades. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. For siding. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. and so forth. quantity. cars. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. For example. this is reversed. South. For a wood structure." Mfr. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. bushes. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. East. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. The size of the object is listed first. and then the name of the material. however. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. or methods of installation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. shadows. people. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Therefore.

and types of finish materials used. shelf arrangements. and materials used. and lip. The trim is usually glued into place.Sections and Elevations . chamfers. or a baseboard. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . or decorative patterns. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". which is a formed pressboard. other openings. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. tile. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. It can also be used around doorways and windows. and special equipment such as toilets.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". casements. windows. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. flush overlay. or MDF. doors. This is more costly than regular overlay. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. This is usually done using a topset. It may have curves. or linoleum) and the wall. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The wood is placed vertically against the wall. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. wood. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Molding is usually made of plaster. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. dishwashers. coving. Hinges are concealed. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. doors and direction of door swings. and other appliances. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame.

and a section symbol on all plans. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create an interior elevation. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. which you can then add to a sheet. s Change the section head. s Add slope annotations. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . This automatically creates the section view in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Place a section view on a sheet.

engineering. A section is a horizontal view. technology. Once created. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow.Sections and Elevations . 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Engineering. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Math (STEM). Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. like an elevation.

Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. elevation. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. For example. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. or other section view. provided its crop region intersects the view.

the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations . 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Add structural details. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add breaklines as needed. In the example shown. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. which is spoken as 2 in 12.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Once you create the detail section. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Details are crucial for effective construction. So. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. In a set of construction documents. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. tracing over the existing elements. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. such as anchor bolts and siding. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add detail notes.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch.

The file opens to a 3D view. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Create a Section View 1.rvt. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 3. Create panel. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The Section command is available from the View tab. The completed exercise 6. 4. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. click Section. On the View tab. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 2.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Open the file ADA_Sections. Sections and Elevations s 311 .

This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. 3. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols.Sections and Elevations . The actual location is not critical. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Section Properties 1. With the section line selected. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. This is called the crop region.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. and it has control grips to resize it. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The view is listed in your Project Browser. The section view updates. 6. In the Properties palette.rvt. When you drew the section line. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Clear Crop Region Visible. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 8. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. you automatically created a section view. 7.4. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 5. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue).

Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.rfa. 4.1 point Filled. They include Section Head . For Name. and Section Head . Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. On the Manage tab.Filled. In this exercise. enter Open Arrow. Several section head families are available. click Load Family.rvt. Section Head . The view does not change. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Settings panel.No Arrow. On the Insert tab. 7. click Duplicate. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 3. Select Section Head-Open. In the Type Properties dialog box. Load from Library panel. 5. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Click Open to load the family. 6. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 2.Sections and Elevations . Click OK.

8.rvt. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Save as Unit8_section_open. Select the section line. 9. 14. For Section Head. Click OK. select Section Head . 11. 12. For Name. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type.Open. enter Open Arrow. 10. Sections and Elevations s 315 . select Open Arrow. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. The section head updates to the new head type. In the Section Tag field. Click Duplicate. 13. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.

Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. On the View tab. This is a building section. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. select the border of the callout. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Create panel. To reposition the callout head. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown.Sections and Elevations . click Callout.rvt. Use the image below for guidance. On the Options Bar. 5. 6. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 2. 3. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4.

region patterns. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Properties palette. 3. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. click Region > Filled Region. detail components. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 8. Detail panel. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view.7. 1. 2. as shown. On the Annotate tab.rvt. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. On the Draw panel. Line is selected automatically. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. select Chain. You can add detail lines. Sections and Elevations s 317 . but not strongly. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Options Bar. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. 4.

Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify.5. 6.Sections and Elevations . Select the upper and right side lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. On the Properties palette. 7. For Name. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click OK. enter Earth.

On the Place Detail Component tab. Click OK. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. 1. On the Mode panel. If you zoom in closer. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. click Load Family. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 2. the filled region may appear as solid fill.rfa. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the pattern becomes visible. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.Section. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Detail panel. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.8. Click Open. 9. On the Annotate tab. 3. From the Fill Pattern list. select Finish (green check).

CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. From the Type Selector.4. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.Sections and Elevations . In the Specify Types dialog box. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Click OK. 5.

Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Using the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector list. 7. From the Type Selector. select Plywood.6. Sections and Elevations s 321 . add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Add another Detail Component. Move it after placement if necessary. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8.

Sections and Elevations . This component represents the subflooring. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.9. Click Component > Detail Component. 10. On the Properties palette. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. select anchor bolt. 12. Select the vertical plywood. From the Type Selector. 11. set the Thickness to 3/4". The exact vertical placement is not critical. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the component similarly to the image below.

select Copy. select Multiple. From the Type Selector. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Click Modify. 14. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Add another Detail Component. On the Options Bar. select Lap Siding.13. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Use the image below for guidance. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.

click Detail Line.15. 16. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. From the Line Style Selector. select Wide Lines. 2. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Detail panel.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. Add Detail Lines 1. Save the file. Start at the end of the siding.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Still using Wide Lines. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 5. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.

Next. 2. 9. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Add Insulation 1. 7. select the Material field in row 3. Click Edit in the Structure field. Detail panel.Sections and Elevations . 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Select the wall so it highlights. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 10. 8. On the Annotate tab. Save the file. click Insulation.6. The wall display updates. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Right-click. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. identified as Wall material 1. Click Modify. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box.

Your view should resemble the image shown. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. From the Type Selector. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. select Break Line.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . On the Annotate tab. 1. Detail panel. 3. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. click Component > Detail Component.

The Detail Component tool is still active. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.Sections and Elevations . Click Zoom to Fit. 5. To complete the detail. 7. In this exercise. Place the breakline as shown. and detail components to it. You place another breakline. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 6. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. detail lines. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file.4. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The view should resemble the image shown.

To add notes. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.rvt. quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). s Clear Annotation Crop. The size of the object is listed first. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 2. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. With nothing selected in the view. The border around the view will disappear. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. weatherproofing. 1.

Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 9. 8. R13. From the Type list. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. On the Annotate tab. 5. On the Format panel. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. click Text. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 10.Sections and Elevations . insulation. As you pull your cursor to the right. 6. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.4" WEATHERING. Move the pointer up 11. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Text panel. 7. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box.4. Finally. leader arrow as shown. 12. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. click Two Segments. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.

O. . is an acronym for On Center.. 20. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 14. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. CONT is short for Continuous.C. 19. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 16. Enter 5/8" GWB . 15. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.C. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 18. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O..TYPE X.C. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click ENTER to start a second line of text.C. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.13. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 17. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Start the next text at the floorboard.

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 21. Click ENTER to start a second line.Sections and Elevations . Note: CONC signifies concrete. In this exercise. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click Modify. 23. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.rvt. 22. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .

In the Project Browser. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Right-click. or elevation view. Locate the A-Landscape. Click New Sheet. In this exercise. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Highlight your title block. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. click Load. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. you create a new sheet with your custom title block.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. and locate the detail view on it. section. Click Open. highlight Sheets. 2. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 4. 3. The new sheet becomes the current view. Sections and Elevations s 333 . The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. you will want to add the views to a sheet.rvt. 6.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 5.

Both Level ends will move together. In the Project Browser. Drag it to the right. 8. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.Sections and Elevations .7. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Show Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. close to the crop border. On the View Control Bar. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Click the control at its left end. Select a Level Line. select view Detail at Foundation. 9. click Hide Crop Region.

Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. 11. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Name. In the Project Browser. Click OK. enter S. you: s Created a new sheet. 13. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. highlight the new sheet.10. Click Zoom to Fit.301. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . In this exercise. For Number. Right-click.rvt. 12. Click Rename.

s Add any necessary dimensions. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and west. The elevation markers are now visible. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. south. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. east. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. When you create a project with a template.Sections and Elevations . 5. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Open ADA_Elevations. It is defined by the green dotted line.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 6. 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 3. s Add material notes.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click the Annotations tab. Click OK. s Set the display for building components as needed. four elevation views are included: north. 4. 2. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Select Elevations. s Add slope indication for roof.

Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 4. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 3. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. On the View Control Bar. clear Sections. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Next. On the Modelling tab. 5.2. On the Annotations tab. clear Planting.

Save the file as Unit8_elevation. select Edit in the Structure field. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. In the Type Properties dialog box. 8. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 9. 12. 11. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.rvt. and modified the wall display characteristics. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7. In this exercise. modified its display. click to open the list. In Surface Pattern. you activated an elevation view. 13. 10. Select the wall. click Edit Type. Click the button that displays to select a material.Exterior Stucco. On the Properties palette. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Click Zoom to Fit. It will be identified as Condo .Sections and Elevations . Select Sand.

quantity. 4. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 3. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 5. 2. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify.rvt. Add a note for the stone wall. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Add a note for the foundation. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. or methods of installation. In the Type Selector. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Enter TX. Set the Leader type to One Segment.

Sections and Elevations . 7. Add a note for the brick wall. In this exercise. 9. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the roof.rvt.6. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8.

2. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 1. For Offset from Reference. 5. Click to select the roof line. from the Slope Representation list. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. select Triangle. click Spot Slope. 3. On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. On the Options Bar. enter 1/8".Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown.rvt. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 4. 6. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation.

Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown.7. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 9. 10. click Aligned.Sections and Elevations . Dimension panel. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 11. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to select the roof line. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click Modify. On the Annotate tab. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.

Sections and Elevations s 343 . 14. select wall breaks and levels. To create a continuous dimension as shown. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. and dimensions for clarity. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. slope indicators.rvt. and vertical dimensions.12. In this exercise. 13. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. The west elevation now contains material notes. leaders. Arrange notes.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Click Open View. In the Project Browser. Right-click. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. This view was already defined in the drawing. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Highlight the view. kitchens. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. dimensions. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. special closets.Sections and Elevations . 2.rvt. Click Find Referring Views.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. In this exercise. 3. and cabinetry. equipment rooms. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Right-click. In the Name box. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click Aligned. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Dimension panel. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. On the Annotate tab. Select Suppress 0 Feet. s s s s Click Duplicate. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Clear Use Project Settings. click OK. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 5. 6. Sections and Elevations s 345 .4. 7.

you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.9. In this exercise. You modified a dimension style. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .rvt. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. detail the interior section.

4. s Create a section view. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. b. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. All of the above. is always the true orientation. c. False 3. b. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Not in Concrete b. Show the relationships between elements. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Nobody in Charge d. The direction the viewer is facing. d. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. a. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Walls c. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations. Not in Contract c. True b. The orientation of the exterior elevation. such as north. s Create filled regions. General Questions 1. Either one. it depends. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. s Create material annotations. 2. All of the above 5. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Cabinetry d. The direction the structure is facing.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. Bathrooms and kitchens b.

True b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The dotted line indicates: a. The detail level of the view. b and c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Which elevation is it? a. click Sheet Composition > View. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. d. Sun and Shadow b. False 5. 4. On the View tab. c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Click Add View. a. The height of the view. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Right-click. South d.Sections and Elevations . Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. d. True b. Element properties c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. The Visual Style of the view. The boundaries of the view. North 3. but not a 6. West c. East b. you use: a. c. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. b. b. a. False 2.

5. 6. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 2.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . Review Schedules. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 4.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules .

technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Engineering. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. About Schedules s 351 . and thickness. Some of these building objects include. such as reference number. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. height. width. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules . the same primary information is included. Instance. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . However. depending on the style of the architectural firm. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. A circle. The following image shows door. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Other letters are P for plumbing. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Like schedules. hexagon. To clarify the reading of the floor plan.Schedules . Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. However. and A for appliances. Using the software. E for electrical.

Math (STEM). s Create a room schedule. Project templates include preset schedules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. windows. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. engineering.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. hardware. and math standards. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. equipment. materials. Engineering. s Add room tags. rooms. Schedules s 355 . s Export a schedule. This lesson relates to science. Schedules list items such as doors. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and you can create your own schedules. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed.

Open ADA_Window_Schedules. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and you set the schedule to display totals. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.rvt. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.Schedules . Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.

Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 6. Add Count. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In Available Fields. select Comments. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Level. Height. Click Add. 7. On the View tab. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Select Windows from the list. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 4. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.s Window Tag 5. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Type Mark. and Width. Schedules s 357 . a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 3.

from left to right. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Select the fields.8. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules .

1. Schedules s 359 . From the Sort By list. 3. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Select Blank Line. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet.

In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Rather than make a manual calculation. In the Project Browser. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 2. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 1. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. in this case). click the schedule name. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. Notice how the schedule has changed. 4. in the Then By sorting field. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you can have the schedule report this. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette.Schedules .Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. for Sorting/ Grouping. click Edit. select Level. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. clear Itemize Every Instance. 3.

Save as Unit9_window_schedule. From the list. and Totals. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. for Sorting/ Grouping. Count. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.5. s Set the schedule to display category totals. On the Properties palette. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. click Edit 7. select Footer. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 6. In this exercise. Schedules s 361 . Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Title. The totals for each window type now display.rvt. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.

Open ADA_Room_Tags. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Room size. Locate the file named Room Tag. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Room & Area panel. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 2. occupancy. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. click Room > Room. Click Open. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. On the Home tab. based on the amount of space in each room. floor type. 5. ceiling type. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. click Overwrite the Existing Version.rvt. In this exercise.Schedules . 3.

6. 7.In the Type Selector. a total of 7. On the Home tab. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. and in the hall as shown. Room & Area panel. click Room > Room Separation Line. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Schedules s 363 . Click Modify to terminate the placement. 8.

Select Room #2. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The cursor changes to sketch mode.9. 13. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Click the Room text. The room tag updates. s Change the word Room to Manager. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Modify. 12. An edit box activates. click Room.Schedules . 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. On the Room & Area panel. 11. 10.

15.rvt. for Name. In this exercise. s Added a room separation. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects. s Changed room tag field values. On the Properties palette. Schedules s 365 .14. you: s Loaded a room tag. enter Sales. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.

3. Name. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Create panel. Create a Room Schedule 1. 6. and Area to be included in your schedule. select Number. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The New Schedule dialog box displays. For Name.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. The completed exercise 5. Click OK. On the View tab.Schedules . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. enter Square Footage Report. In the Available Fields pane. 4. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Set the Sort By value to Number. 2. Click Add--> after each selection. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.rvt.

8. In the Format dialog box. 9. Highlight the Area field. 10. s Set Alignment to Right. Schedules s 367 .7. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. clear Use Project Settings. Change the Heading to No. Click OK. Click the Formatting tab. Highlight the Number field. Select Grand Totals.

s Totaled one of the columns. 12. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.Schedules . you: s Created a room schedule. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .11. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise.rvt.

3. 6. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. On the application menu. 5. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. you export the room schedule to a text file.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. You can then use this file in other applications. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 2.txt) file. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Click Save. Schedules s 369 . Using your Windows Explorer. Double-click it to open it. Note the formatting that has been applied. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. locate the file you created. The file is created. 4. Browse to a directory to save your report. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Click OK.rvt.

Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. In this exercise. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 8. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file.

c. s Export a schedule. Quantity c. Matrix d. Type b. Questions 1. a. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. True b. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. d. True b. A list of sheets used in a project. 2. Instance 3. b. s Load a schedule tag. a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. s Reformat a schedule. A list of information that defines specific building objects. you learned to: s Create a schedule. None of the above. False 4. s Place a schedule tag. What is a schedule table? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.

Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. XLS c. Annotate tab b. a. View tab c. a. Manage tab 3. Home d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Annotate b.Schedules . use the ____ . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . View c. TXT b. To export a schedule. CSV d. Application menu d. Modify 2.

Lesson Plan 1. 3. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 2. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Review Visualization. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Evaluate Students.

After completing this lesson. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. or camera on a path. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. s Create a raytrace rendering. The animation file can be played in any media player. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. Engineering. s Apply shading to a view. s Place a camera. s Export a walkthrough. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Technology. s Assign materials. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export an FBX file. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. you create a walkthrough. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Add planting components. s Export a DWG file.Visualization . Math (STEM). Finally.

Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. s Make a camera view the active view. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. s s 2. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. To prepare your model for rendering. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 .Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. Open Unit2_custom_family. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. You worked on animations. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.

5. Right-click. The walls now display layers of materials. The wall display updates. If you do not see any change in the wall display. 6. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 4. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside.Visualization . The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Stud. Select any exterior wall. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select one of the exterior walls. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.3.

Open the Default 3D view. Repeat the process for the windows. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Visualization s 377 . you can: s s s 9. 10. 8. Select the toposurface object. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click Change wall's orientation. Select Site: Grass. Select walls. Click OK. Right-click.7. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. In addition to using the control arrows. On the Properties palette.

click Export > FBX. Select the Roof. for Files of type. On the application menu.11. Select the file name. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. This will filter the file list. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .FBX).rvt. you have completed this exercise. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 3. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. 2. 12. Open 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. select Autodesk (*. Click OK in any notices and warnings. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. and click Open. Note the file location.Visualization . click Import > Import. Depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Export.

Open or return to Revit. If necessary. 2. open Unit10_Export. Depending on your system resources. Close the file without saving. you have completed this exercise. Note the file location. On the application menu. Visualization s 379 .4. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. There is no way to update it from Revit. Export the Model to DWG 1. 3. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. click Next. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.rvt. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file.

5. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.Visualization . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Close the File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export. 9. 6. In the File Link Manager . Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. click File. 7. 8. If necessary. click References > File Link Manager. On the application menu.rvt. Select the file name. Select two windows as shown. Open 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .max. Open or return to Revit.4.

Visualization s 381 . Save the file. 12. Save the export file using the same name as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". On the application menu. Open the 3D view.10. 13. In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 11. The windows have updated.

s Oriented walls and windows. Open the Files tab.Visualization .14. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. 15. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Close the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Click Reload. Open the File Link Manager. The linked file updates. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. In this exercise. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. The windows have changed. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.

generate a rendering. On the View tab. If you place the camera too close to the model. 2.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Open Unit10_Export. as shown. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.rvt. Open the Site view. click Camera. you place a camera in a model. Place a Camera 1. Visualization s 383 . add plantings to the model. Create panel. 3. In this exercise. change materials. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. and create a second rendering.

The camera perspective view opens. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Click Show Camera. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 6. select Very Few Clouds. If necessary. 5. 2. Open the Site view again. 7. Return to the perspective view. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Render Setup 1. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. click Show Rendering Dialog.4. The camera will be visible. On the View Control Bar. Right-click.Visualization . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.

s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. 2. Model Site panel.30' approximately as shown. 3. Visualization s 385 .3. Open view 3D View 1. and Lighting. On the Massing & Site tab. s Click Render. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Accept the default settings for Quality. Enhance the Model 1. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Click Render. click Site Component. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open the Site view. Output Settings.

Visualization . click OK. click Save to Project. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Materials list. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. The model displays in the view. In the Save to Project dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. 4. click Show the Model. 5. select Roofing . 2. On the Properties palette.4. 3. Revit places the image in its own view. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Layer 1 Material field. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.Wood Shake. Change Materials 1. 5. Select an exterior wall. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Edit Type.

Click the Render Appearance tab. 9. Click Replace.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Visualization s 387 . Click Edit in the Structure field.10. Select the icon next to Masonry . 8. 7.

Brick Uniform Running Brown. click Save to Project. 14. 12. Click OK. In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization .rvt. In this exercise. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .11. s Generated and captured a render image. In the Rendering dialog box. Select Masonry . 15. 13. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Placed site planting components in the model. The new image is placed in its own view. click Render. 16. s Edited materials in model components. s Generated and captured a second render image. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Created a raytrace setup.

s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Open Unit10_render. Click Zoom Out (2x). The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. rendered. Visualization s 389 . In this exercise. s Right-click again. s On the View tab. 2. s View the animation in a media player. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.rvt.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s Edit the camera and path. The camera and path can be edited. Click Zoom to Fit. in a project model. click to the left of the model as shown. To place a key frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. 3. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click. click 3d View > Walkthrough. Each view. Open floor plan view Level 1. and exported individually. 4. Create panel. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. or walkthroughs. or frame.

Walkthrough panel. The Options Bar changes. 6. 10. The camera is located on the final key frame.5. Select the direction control for the camera. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 9. 7. click Edit Walkthrough. 11. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 8. Drag it to the left. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Finish Walkthrough. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.Visualization . Repeat for all the key frames. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.

On the Walkthrough panel. Check the view in several key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Edit Walkthrough.12. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 2. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. From the Controls list. 13. Drag the path away from the model as shown. click Next Key Frame. The path displays control dots at key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path. If camera positions distort. 3. Click Open. Visualization s 391 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1.

click OK. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. On the application menu. 4. Click Play. notice where you save the file.rvt. 3. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 2. select a video compression method to hold down file size. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click Save. In the Length/Format dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window.Play the Walkthrough 1. File Name. 2. Revit generates the external AVI file.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1.

Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Visualization s 393 . Plan your class time accordingly. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.5. 6. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering.

save the Revit Architecture file. In this exercise. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization .7. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.

s Orient walls and windows. Export > FBX 3. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Export a DWG file. True b. s Assign materials. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Split b. s Apply shading to a view. Print to File b. View > Shading d. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. True b. s Export a walkthrough. Align c. s Add planting components. True b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. False 2. Save As > FBX c. you use: a. a. s Export an FBX file. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Place a camera. s Play a walkthrough. Questions 1. a. s Create a raytrace rendering. you use: a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Demolish 2. Flip Orientation d. False Summary/Questions s 395 . you learned to: s Orient walls and windows.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

3. 5. beams. beam systems.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Evaluate Students. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . In the following exercises. 6. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. Lesson Plan 1. beams and braces.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. and braces. you learn how to place structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. foundations. Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams.

posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . beams.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. especially columns. Knowing where structural members. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . walls.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. Place beam systems and braces. Technology. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Create column grids.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place columns and beams on grids.

Select a floor. As with columns. Structural columns can be steel. wood. In residential construction. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. They come in types defined by size and shape. 2. On the View Control Bar.Hide Category. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. wood.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. this is known as post and beam construction. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. spans without walls. or reinforced concrete. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. or concrete. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . beams can be steel. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. click Column > Structural Column.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Open Deck Framing. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. often mainly glass. 3.Structural . The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. 1. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Build panel of the Home tab. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Beams connect columns or walls. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. In this exercise.

On the View Control Bar. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Repeat at grid intersections 2A. and 4B. On the Options Bar. 3A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 8. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the edge of the left floor to select it. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. click Depth.4. In the Type Selector. 5. Structural s 403 . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 7.

10.Structural . Right-click. Place Beams 1. double-click view Framing Cutaway. In the Project Browser. rail. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 2. 11. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click Hide In View > Element. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view).9. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Click OK. and columns clearly. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click OK.

Click. Structure panel. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 4. On the Options Bar. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s In the view window. In the Type Selector. On the Structure tab. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 5.3. click Beam. select Chain.

Click Modify. On the Properties palette. 6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 7.Structural .

On the Properties palette. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click Modify. 12. Click on grid intersection B4. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Click. In this exercise. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. 11. Structural s 407 . Click OK. click Beam. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structure panel.8. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. click Make Wall Bearing. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 9.rvt. as shown.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. or number of beams in a bay. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 3. On the Structure tab. click Beam System. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Place beam systems. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. 2. Place Beam Systems 1. distance. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. In this exercise. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. s Place braces. click Sketch Beam System.Structural . Open Deck Beams. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 4.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders.rvt. The completed exercise 5. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Structure panel. click Pick Supports. click No. Click the beam on Grid 1.

6. On the Draw panel. Draw a line on the face of the wall. click Line. Structural s 409 . 7. as shown. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

On the Mode panel. click Finish (green check). Trim as necessary. set Elevation to -0'-9". Click the beam on Grid 2. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.8. click Create Similar. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click Finish. 10. On the Properties palette. click Line. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s s On the Draw panel.Structural . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. 11.2". s 9. click Pick Supports. s s s On the Draw panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens.6". set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. unlike regular elevations. 5. 3. In the Project Browser. Structural s 411 . click Brace. Structure panel. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 2.Place Braces 1. Create panel. On the View tab. Click to place the elevation. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the Structure tab. as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 4. It has an automatic work plane. On the View Control Bar.

Click Modify. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .6. 9. In the Type Selector.Structural . to start the brace. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the view window. 8. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Repeat the brace going right to left. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.

10. 11. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. In this exercise.

2. In this exercise.Structural . click in the lower left to start a grid line. s s In the view window. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The numbering automatically increments. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and section views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grid datasets. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. In plan views. beams.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. as shown. but they can also be angular and radial. elevation. click Grid. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The exact length is not critical. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. You can change a grid number at any time. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Datum panel. The exact location is not critical. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. and walls. Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. This is a common step early in designing a large building.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place a new grid line. Structural s 415 . Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". 4. Click to start another grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line.3.

5. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. 7. Click to start a grid line. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. close to the heads. Press ENTER.Structural . s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. click to place the grid line. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s Select Grid Line 2. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Repeat to create grid line 4. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Enter A at the keyboard. Pull the cursor to the left. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. click Copy. The new grid line will be number 3. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Pull the cursor to the right.

This completes the main grid. Structural s 417 . Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. The Grid tool is still active. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. s Select grid 2. 10. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one.8. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click Copy.1 is still selected. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Click to place the grid line. 11. Grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset.1. On the grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Change the number to 2. This grid line will be number B. 9.

On the Draw panel. Zoom to Fit. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. Click in the new grid bubble. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. 3. click Grid. select Center-Ends Arc. Change the number to EE. click Radius. Click to place the grid head. On the Draw panel. enter 15. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". s Click to start the grid line. On the Options Bar. s s Click grid intersection D3.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Press ENTER. On the Home tab.000 o . On the Options Bar. set Offset to 15'-0".Structural . To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Pick. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Create panel. In the Radius field.

5. Drag it down below the radial grids. 6. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. You will need to identify it easily. 7. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Structural s 419 . Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click to place grid FF. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

8. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Select grid 31. s In this exercise.Structural . Zoom to Fit.rvt. 9. s Click grid intersection D3. s Select grid 3. click Mirror . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click in the new grid bubble. click Create Similar. 11. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.000. Enter 31 to change the name. Click to place the grid line. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s 10.Pick Axis. Press ENTER. Revit will create grid 32. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

In this exercise. 2. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Change a grid layout. In the Type Selector. This is a steel column. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Use a column grid to place beams. Open ADA_Grids-complete. As a result. Structural s 421 . select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structure panel. you typically create a grid. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. click Column > Structural Column.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. C and D. 3. 5. 4. 4. click At Grids. A.s s On the Options Bar. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Multiple panel. B. On the Multiple panel. click Finish.Structural . 2. 6. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. set Height to Level 3.

Click Grid 1. click On Grids. 4. columns. Open Floor Plan Level 2. The grid. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. click Finish. Structural s 423 . 3. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Beam. Window-select all the grid lines.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Multiple panel. Zoom to Fit. 2. and beams will move to the right. 5. On the Multiple panel.

click No. click Finish.Structural . 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. On the Quick Access toolbar. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. window-select all the columns. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click At Columns. On the Multiple panel. 2. Columns and beams will move to the right. 6. Click Redo. click Isolated. On the Multiple panel. click Undo. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 1. 4. 3. Open the Default 3D view.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 7. Click OK. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 6. in the Type Selector. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Structural s 425 . To change the size of the footing. The footing had been placed at Level 1. The footing changes size. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. s On the Properties palette. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Press ESC to clear the column selection. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". A warning displays.5.

s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns.Structural .8. In this exercise. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. Save and close the file. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.

Structural . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout. Questions 1. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Brace c. s Place braces. s Add footings to columns. True b. Beam d. All of the above. False Summary/Questions s 429 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Column b. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beam systems. 2.

A but not B. When placing columns or beams. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Select the type of beam or column to place. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. A and B. 5. b. True b. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Select a beam type and define the system layout. you use: a. All of the above. Flip Orientation d. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Properties c. 3. c. Stretch b. Pick points. False 4. If you relocate a grid line. To change the height of a column. d. b. a. To create a beam system.Structural . a. 2. you: a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. c. you can: a.

Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Mathematics.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Poway. Smith . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.iteaconnect.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. CA Ronald A Williams.org Project Lead the Way. Inc. Poway High School. Randy Dymond. South Division High School.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . International Technology Education Association www.Teacher. Starkweather . Copyright s 431 . Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Ltd.Instructor.Executive Director. PE . Susan Harrington . WI Roger Dohm .Director. Milwaukee.

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