Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

When sketching walls. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. roofs. You can add building elements in plan.Software Tools . floors. stairs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . elevation. furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. Other building elements such as doors. and 3D views. windows. section.

In the illustration shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved. In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools .

you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Math (STEM). s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects. Engineering. engineering. s Place a predefined Mass family. and math standards. technology. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science.

There are mass families available to load into a project. walls. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. quickly. A designer. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. owner. such as distance requirements from roadways. and curtain systems.Software Tools . or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. size. and then converted into building components such as floors. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Masses can be edited in many ways. you can create in-place masses. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or masses. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

walls. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. masses. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Explain the use of dimensions. Annotation includes text notes. tags.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology. and Language Arts. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Math (STEM). legends. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and math standards. engineering. Technology. Engineering. and symbol heads. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

radial. or angular. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools . and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system.y. and how other levels change display accordingly.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. Engineering.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Work with tool buttons. and Language Arts. and Options Bar. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Technology. and math standards. engineering. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. technology. the Type Selector. Math (STEM).Software Tools .

beams.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Its position is fixed. Display and Navigation s 31 . Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Some commands will not be active (that is. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. doors. for instance. windows. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. and rooms.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. symbols. columns. detailing. slabs. and foundations.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . and text. trusses. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

and parameters. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Context tabs display as you work. copy/paste.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and inquiry. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

and Close. Open.Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. This menu has file management tools such as New. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Print.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. with four elevation markers visible. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.Software Tools . 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and groups. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Legends. sheets. families.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. shadow display. click the User Interface button located on the View tab.Software Tools . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. View Control Bar View scale. level of detail. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. Windows panel on the ribbon. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. sun settings. visual style. rendering (in 3D views). cropping. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. A check mark indicates it is visible. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Select the desired view scale from the list. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 . To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet.

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.Software Tools .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

or by global location. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. which can be according to the view. Display and Navigation s 47 . sun and shadow intensity. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . along with other display settings.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Insert. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Annotate. Structure. Display and Navigation s 55 . Manage and Modify. To activate or open a view. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Massing & Site.All views are listed in the Project Browser. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. View. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Collaborate.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it. showing options that you can select while you are working. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens.Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Options Bar. a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Properties Palette. When a context tab is active.

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When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Export. File Save. and Publish.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . On the right is a list of recently opened files. Print. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Click a file name to open that file. File Close only appears on the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. the application menu. such as File Open. New File.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

or click New > Project from the application menu. make the Home tab active. 3. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. 2. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. If you select the menu option. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens. On the ribbon. The completed exercise 4. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Do this for other tabs.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. To start a new project. After you have examined each of them. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name.

They disappear when you move the cursor away. 6. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 7. Select Cycle Through All.5. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. In this exercise. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. and then viewed. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.Software Tools . you opened a project file. Close the file without saving. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Project Browser. Exercise 2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Open quick_start_building_elements.rvt. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. 2. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.

all the walls. On the Properties palette.Software Tools . You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 7. and windows highlight blue. 4. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 8. You are selecting everything visible. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click any interior wall. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 6. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.3. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Clear Walls and Doors. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. doors. Click OK. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 5. .

On the Properties palette. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. examined the menus and toolbars. Place a door as shown. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. click Create panel > Create Similar. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 10.9. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click any door. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 11. you opened a project file. Display and Navigation s 71 .rvt. 12. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool.

you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Work with Revit families. building elements (walls. Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit provides floor plan. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. and views. templates. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. You can create sections. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Engineering. and elevation views by default. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. mechanical equipment). System families include levels. operating settings. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. and Language Arts. display controls. Technology. annotations. Math (STEM). Pan.Software Tools . ceiling plan. In the exercises. lines. drafting views. s Load and place component families. floors). and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. s Create a new in-place family. either predefined or user-created. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and 3D views using the View menu. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

technology.This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering. and math standards.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. even a small one. Click Zoom to Fit. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Open Unit2_building_elements. Click OK.rvt. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.Software Tools .Exercise: View Controls A building model. 3. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The completed exercise Visibility 1. There is no way to see everything in it. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Rightclick in the view window. is an extensive database. Click Zoom to Fit. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. First. The display changes. Four elevation markers are visible. 2. VG also opens the dialog box. Right-click. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

There are two parts to an elevation. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. so be sure to select them both. Click Zoom In Region. Select Detail Level: Medium. In the Project Browser. Click Open. 7. Right-click. Enter ZF.4. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . 5. Zoom to Fit. On the View Control Bar. Click and drag the cursor as shown. click Detail Level. Right-click. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Select the roof outline. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 6.

76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors and windows are not shown. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. change the Underlay value to None.8. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. 2. as before. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Click Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties.Software Tools . View Properties 1. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Turn off visibility of the elevations. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window.

Next to View Range. click Edit. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . the ridge is now visible. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.3. Right-click. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. 4. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click OK. Click Rename. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. and where the cut plane sits. enter Roof. For Name. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Set the cut plane value to 7' .0".

Open Elevation view South. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the dialog box that opens. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Accept the location that activates. 4. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Shadows On. In the Presets list. 3. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. under Solar Study. select Still. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Set the time to 9:30 am. 5. select Winter Solstice. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. select Shading with Edges. 2. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update. In this exercise.rvt. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

3. furniture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.Software Tools . commercial. s A system family. windows. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. and use a Revit family to place a door. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. load. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. railings. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Doors. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. 2. windows. walls. and furniture. and place Revit families. Build panel. You add closet doors to interior walls. standard families. and families in place. is predefined within Revit. and so on. This exercise illustrates how you locate. such as levels. furniture). There are system families. Doors are considered standard family entities. or stand-alone (for example. and floors. Open Unit2_views. roofs. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. and annotations are examples of standard families. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. or institutional structures. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. These components are called families and there are several different types.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise.rvt. you open an existing project file. click Door. lights. floors. Additionally. In Revit. On the Home tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture.

Tag panel. Click Open. and Annotation. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. You click to place an instance of the door family. Locate Double Panel 2. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. If you highlight a door family. Family files have a file extension of *.rfa. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. s s 6. Click Open. As you move your cursor near any wall. 5. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Project files have a file extension of *. Accept the default size.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . 4.rfa. Furniture. It has a number of different sizes defined.rvt. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Click the Doors folder. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). On the Modify | Place Door tab.

In this exercise. but not strongly. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.Software Tools . Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Place two more instances of the door as shown. 8. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.rvt. 9. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. simply click it. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Place an instance of the door as shown. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. you located. loaded. and placed instances of a door family.

modify a door family. The required width is not available. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. For Name. enter 48" x 80". Open Unit2_doors_walls. 5. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Click OK. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. and create an in-place family. 3. you open an existing project file. In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. click Duplicate. Select the double door as shown. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 4.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 2. This door needs to be 48" wide.

Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The door updates. 3. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. On the Properties palette. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 4. 1. click Component > Model In-Place. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. In the dialog box. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 2. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Build panel. select Generic Models. is to create a component family in place. Click OK. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. enter Hall Clock. On the Home tab. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Software Tools .6. For Name. 5.

7. On the Draw panel. you located. as shown. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 9. 12.0' 2". You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 11. Click OK.4" as shown.6. 13. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.rvt. 10. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. loaded. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 8. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). You have created the base of the clock. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . In this exercise. and placed a door family. Revit will display . click Rectangle.2". The family model updates.

STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.Software Tools .

Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Change type properties of a family. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. and Options Bar. s Access. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Right-click. s Create an in-place model family. depending on the template selected. a. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. a. 6. To activate a view: a. Views can be renamed. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. d. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. and place a family from a library. d. Zoom to the entire model. 7. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Create a 3D perspective view. True b. load. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. Turn on Shadows. False 3. Questions 1. s Open different views. False 4. True b. The tool shown is used to: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. and click Open. False 2. b. Each project has several predefined views. c. d. False 5. a. s Adjust Visual Style Options. c. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. context tabs. tab. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Spin the model in 3D space. Either a or b. b.Software Tools . All content tools are located on the ribbon. c.

a. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. a. Scroll d. In-Place d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. System c. Standard b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Properties palette 10. windows. Multiview b. Families 11. depending on settings 9. All of the above. Parts d. etc. Project Browser d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Graphics Display Options dialog box c. A family created within a project is called ________________.8. Blocks c.) are called: a. Rotate c. Pan and Zoom b.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

8. s Create dimensions and text. 6. s Duplicate and modify views.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 5. 9. s Set project units. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 7. s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create dimension and text styles. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create a project template. 3. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 4.

Many cities and counties have their own rules. linetypes. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. linetypes.aias. To review the list of standards for each lesson.org.aia. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. defining the layers.org. Visit the AIAS website at www. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. colors. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Explain why templates are used. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and so forth. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Visit the AIA website at www. Engineering. colors. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Math (STEM).Standards and Building Codes . to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and the settings that are preset within them. Technology. After completing this lesson. based on the AIA standards. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. should be used.

and math standards.This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

otherwise it is considered a carport. it must have at least one door. one window. and one closet. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. a garage. and so on. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. a bathroom. For example. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. defined and adopted by convention. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed.Standards and Building Codes . it cannot be called a bedroom. doors. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. If it lacks any of these components. If there is a fire. A garage must be completely enclosed. windows. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. like mechanical drawing. and so on. a common area (such as a living room or family room). the number being its numerical value. A unit is a particular physical quantity. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. However. unit symbol m. Here h is the physical quantity. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. using imperial units. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. and other materials. Another method is to apply dual notation. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. is 169 m.For example. also known as the International System of Units. The value of h expressed in the unit foot.. is 555 ft. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. or imperial. in the United States. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. the construction industry still uses the English. units are applied to dimensions. In architectural drafting. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. unit symbol ft.. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. such as room size and wall height. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. glass.

Standards and Building Codes .5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .) 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. In Revit Architecture.Scales are ratios. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". and viewports. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Each size is designated by a letter.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. every 1/8" would represent 1'. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. line weight and pattern. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. sheets. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. one value representing another value. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.

You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. The integers go from 0 to 9. You create and position views. temporary Schedules Sections. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. notes Demolition. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. symbols. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. site plan. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). elevators. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).01. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.a modified version of the AIA standard. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing.

so that the height is less than the width. and so on. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. drawing scales. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. The paper is oriented landscape. the HVAC company. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . annotation plot sizes. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. fonts. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. that is. Usually. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the author of the drawing. the date drawn. The column is divided into sections. The next space is for tracking revisions. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. followed by information on the building's owner. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Typically.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. and layer standards. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and other relevant information.Standards and Building Codes . For example. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the electrician. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text.

and so forth. dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. layer settings. title blocks. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.

100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . These can be used to build your model. Math (STEM). Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. dimension styles. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Technology. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes . views. Engineering. and walls. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.

and math standards. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. engineering.

3. In Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. factory. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. 2. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Condominiums. click New > Project. or store. you use templates as starting points. Select a Template 1. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . apartments. click Browse. In the New Project dialog box. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. On the application menu. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. you create a new project file using a template.

rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click OK.4. In this exercise. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. click Close to close this project without saving. Select the Residential-Default. you started a new project file using a standard template. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 6. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click Open. Settings s 103 . saving set up time. On the application menu. 5.

Standards and Building Codes . click Wall. 3. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.rvt.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. In the Project Browser. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. The Wall tool remains active. In the courseware datasets folder. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. expand Floor Plans under Views. The file opens to a 3D view. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. In this exercise. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. 2. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. the drawing setup options are preset. Build panel. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Pull the cursor to the right. open ADA__Settings. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Click to start a new wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

Settings s 105 .4. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 8. Close the file without saving. 7. Place the cursor over the left wall. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. s Set Unit symbol to m.) 6. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. In this exercise. Click Format for Length. click to start a new wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 5. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. and move the cursor right. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. create. Dimension panel. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. For Name.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rvt. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. temporary and permanent. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. there are two types of dimensions. enter Big Text. but also control the size and location of objects. click Edit Type. 1. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Open ADA_Dimensions. Temporary dimensions display when you select. or insert components. On the Annotate tab. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. By default. On the Properties palette. dimensions not only display. click Duplicate. click Aligned. 4. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Settings s 107 . 7. The Dimension tool is still active. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.5. s Click OK twice. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 6. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". left. Click to place. Select the top.

8. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. In this exercise. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Close the file without saving. created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 9.Standards and Building Codes . and far right vertical walls. upper. you opened an existing file. Click to place the dimension. The Dimension tool stays active. s s s Select the far left. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.

The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. There are no annotations visible. Right-click. 3. Settings s 109 . you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. These are annotations. Notice the door and window tags. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In the Project Browser. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. In the datasets folder. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. and the view window displays the new plan. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In order to do this.rvt.

Standards and Building Codes . turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 6. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 5. Double-click to open it. On the Manage tab.4. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click OK to update the display of this view. 1. 8. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. click Project Information. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Settings panel. 9. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. Click Rename. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. In the Project Browser. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 7. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK.

Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 2. Enter the address as shown. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. 3. Click New Sheet. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click OK. click Edit.Add a Sheet 1. Rightclick. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. or supply your own values: Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. In the Value column of Project Address. Click OK. Settings s 111 .) 3. 2. highlight the title block displayed in the list. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window.

4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.Standards and Building Codes . Add a View to the Sheet 1. Notice the change to the title block. 5.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Click Apply. Next. In the Identity Data and Other sections. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Select Add View to Sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click Activate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Right-click in the view. Right-click. Select the new viewport. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Deactivate View. 3. Settings s 113 . Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 2.

Place the cursor 7. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Close the file without saving. s Added a sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet.5. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. The view updates on the sheet. you: select it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. of the sheet. 6. The Scale updates in the title block. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. deselect it. Finish the move. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes .

you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Start Revit Architecture. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). It opens to the Recent Files window.5. 2. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. This is one of the longer exercises. 4. On the application menu. 3. Settings s 115 . click New > Titleblock. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. A copy of the 11 x 8. Select A-11x8.5 title block template opens.rft.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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11. click Save to save the title block. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. In this exercise. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.rfa. click Close. 14.Standards and Building Codes . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Right-click. Your teacher may specify another location. Add a label for Sheet Number. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 12. Save the title block as A . s Click Add. s Accept the Sample Value. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. On the Quick Access toolbar. 13. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.Landscape. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Checked By. Accept the Sample Value. select Drawn By. 10.9. Accept the Sample Value. you created a title block using a template file. 15. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom.

Highlight the title block and click OK. The title block appears in the graphics window. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Locate your title block. 4. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Open. On the View tab. 5. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Settings s 125 . A new sheet has been added and is the current view. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. you create a new project file. 3. 2. Your title block is now displayed in the list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. In the Recent Files window. Insert a Title Block 1. click New to create a new project using the default template. and then load a custom title block into your project.

Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 6. Settings panel. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. enter your instructor's name. s For Checked By. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. enter your name. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. click Project Information. Select the title block. enter Student Project Unit 3. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Click OK. 4. 5.Standards and Building Codes .rvt in a location determined by your instructor. you a created a new project file. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. s For Drawn By. On the Manage tab. 3. 2. Click OK. Click OK. In this exercise. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields.

Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. 3. you define the title block. click New > Project. Click OK. and geometry from the template. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. including how the rendered image looks. Create a Template In this exercise. 2. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. angles. select Project Template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. such as 3D and plan views. you create a new project file. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and the units for your custom template. and then load them like families. and slope angle. settings. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. On the application menu. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. a dimension style. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Families: Load in families you use most often. in addition to predefined wall types. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. In the New Project dialog box. There are various settings you can define for your template. On the Insert tab. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. 1. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions.

Click OK twice. 5.Standards and Building Codes . You create a custom dimension style. There will be no visible change. On the Annotate tab. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. click Duplicate. enter 3/16" Verdana. In the Type Properties dialog box.Landscape. Click OK.rfa. Next. Click the Length field in the Format column. 10. 9. 8. 7. create a Dimension Style. Set the units for the template. Open the title block A .4. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For Name. 6. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Settings panel > Project Units. On the Manage tab.

12. Click OK. Select the A . In the Project Browser. select Sheets (All). Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 14. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. On the Properties palette. 15. Change the following settings as shown: 13.11. Click New Sheet. Rightclick. Settings s 129 .

Standards and Building Codes .16. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you created a new template file using a dimension style.rte. and units that you defined. You can use this template for future projects. Save your project template in your class project folder. In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template. Click OK. 17. as well as dimension style and units. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. The title block updates. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. title block.

abstract format. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety.

A unit 4. s Create labels. s Create a title block. Metric d. and symbols used in drawing? a. is defined as what? a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create a dimension style.Standards and Building Codes . General Questions 1. 1:32 5. s Change dimension colors.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. Using AIA Standards. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. English c. 1:3 b. UBC c.05 c. A. A particular physical quantity. False 3.02 d. 1:24 d. s Create dimensions. An architect b. a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. a. s Change lineweight. A. NCTM d. P. dimension styles. True b.02 b. S. AIA b. s Create a text style. s Create a template. s Create text. 1:12 c.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . NCSESA 2. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.

you use: a. Point offsets 3. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. True b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Application menu > Properties b. False 6. a. Wall faces b. To create a new sheet. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. dimensions snap to: a. To change the scale of a view. Wall midpoints d. True b. By default. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. a. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. a. To set the units in a project. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Application menu > New > Sheet b. True b. False 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Wall centerlines c. you click: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. In Revit Architecture.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 6. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 3. s Trim and extend walls. Lesson Plan 1. 5.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 4. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 2.

After completing this lesson. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. their construction and materials. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. or filling in between.Walls . separate. them. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. and protect its interior spaces. List the different types of occupancy.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. indicating wall length. Stud. To modify a dimension.3. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Expand the Type Selector list. an angular dimension displays. 5. Select the Single Line option.Brick on Mtl. After you create the wall. a dashed line displays. 4. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Walls s 151 . Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. but it disappears when you begin another action. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. click it to open an edit field. the dimension updates incrementally. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. It will not print.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Clear the Chain option. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Enter 10. As you continue to move the cursor. Click to set the endpoint. This temporary dimension controls the wall length.

Click to start the next wall. 8. click the Detail Level icon. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Set the Detail Level to Medium.6. Press ENTER. After setting the vertical wall's direction. The wall does not show any internal detail. Select panel. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Click the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. click Create Similar. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. enter 7. the controls may sit on top of one another. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. On the Modify | Walls tab. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Depending on your zoom in the view. On the View Control Bar. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. 7. Create panel.Walls . The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. click Modify to stop placing walls.

no matter where you move the cursor. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Walls s 153 . Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Notice that two dimensions display. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Click Modify. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Select the right vertical wall. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. release the mouse button to set a new length. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Also.9. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. an alignment line displays. 10. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint.

click Wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. On the Home tab. When using the Chain option. Select the lower vertical wall. Select Chain on the Options Bar. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Sketch the walls as shown. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 12. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Click Cancel. 15.Walls . Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Right-click. This is the same as clicking Modify. 13. Build panel. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .11. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 14. Repeat. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 16.

Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Clear the Chain option. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Modify. After clicking the second end. 20. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 19.18. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Walls s 155 .rvt. 17. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Create Similar again. In this exercise. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.

Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. Only part of the wall highlights. and extend walls. fillet. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Split Walls 1. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.Walls .Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. trim. This exercise illustrates how to split. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. you first split the walls at the intersections. To do this. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Click Modify. Both split walls are shown below. You now remove the upper right corner. align. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 4. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. 3. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.

Walls s 157 . Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Enter 5'. On the Options Bar. On the Modify | Wall tab.Fillet Walls 1. Create panel. You can also click the flip control. Select any wall. Click Fillet Arc. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. click Create Similar. 2. select Radius. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. If you make a mistake. 5. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Modify panel. 3. 4. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. On the Modify | Walls tab. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. click Delete.

158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Place an interior wall as shown.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Walls . 3. 2. 1. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. The Wall tool is still active. You align the wall in the next steps. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.

You can lock the alignment. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. clear Chain. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.4. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Pull the cursor straight up. The length is not critical. such as location lines. s On the Options Bar. Walls s 159 . To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.

160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. This will be the border. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the two interior walls in turn. The length is not critical. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 3. 4. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 2. 6. This will extend to the border.Walls . Select the horizontal wall as shown.s Move the cursor to the left and click. The walls can cross. Select the vertical wall as shown.

align. In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. fillet. Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt.7. and trim.

Open ADA_Wall_Structure. and vary in cost. 1. In the Project Browser.Walls . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 2. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The Modify tool is active by default.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. satisfy different requirements. 3. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.

enter 8" Insulated Stud. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. the wall structure should be as shown. click Edit in the Structure value field. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls.4. 5. s Click Down twice. To edit the structure of the wall. Walls s 163 . 6. s Select Finish 1 [4]. Click OK. except Core Boundary. s Click Up. s Click the arrow at the right. has a Function you can edit. For Name. 7. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Click Insert twice. s Click the number of Layer 3. When you are finished. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Add two additional layers to the wall. Every layer of a wall. 8.

13. s Click the icon that appears at the right.Walls . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. 12.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Set the Material to Finishes .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. select Finishes .Exterior . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Stud Layer. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. which displays plan or section views. 10. 11.9. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Material. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Material to Wood . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Modify the Function.

expand the Families branch. select Medium. 17. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. 15. On the Properties palette. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box.14. Walls s 165 . Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. In the Project Browser. 16. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. From the Detail level list. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings.

select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 20. You opened an existing file. Right-click 8" Exterior. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 19. In this exercise. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.Walls . Close the file without saving. From the Type Selector list.18. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. defined a new wall structure. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Brick on Mtl. you create and modify vertically compound walls. such as a weatherproof outside surface. The completed exercise Walls s 167 .Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. 2. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. for example. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Stud walls as shown. You can define a wall type with these elements. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. wood rails. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. 3. a structural mid-section. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.rvt. The model opens in a 3D view. and a decorated interior surface. Select one of the Exterior . In this exercise. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.

so all instances of this type change. Wall structures are Type Properties. either horizontally or vertically. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 2. or you will lose your changes.4. Click Split Region. You change the type. 8. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. As indicated in the dialog box title. the new regions assume the same material as the original. into regions. To split a layer or region vertically. To split a layer or region horizontally. You can set the sample height to any value. You can assign different materials to regions. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. You can split regions into other regions. 6. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 7. To define the structure of the wall. In this exercise. click Edit. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 1. in the Structure value field. highlight one of the borders. 5. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. If not already expanded.Walls . Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. When you split a layer.

If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click to merge the two layers. When you merge regions. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.Brick layer. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click to split the region into two parts.3. The upper split disappears. 1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click Merge Regions. In this case. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . since both regions are composed of the same layer. Walls s 169 . 2. 4. assign Layer 1. Click to merge them. 3. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. After merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material.

click Modify. Click again to return to the original position. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Click Insert. indicating that it is modifiable. you assign the material Masonry Brick . In the Edit dialog box. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click the temporary dimension text. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". s Select the split line.Walls . the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. The dimension text turns blue. 3. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Next. 3. to the next parallel line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Change the value to 12. 2. Press ENTER. After a region is split. instead of down. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 1. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 1. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 2. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. If you set the split offset down from the top. 4. To create a new wall layer. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.

When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 8. All walls of this type have been changed. Change the Material to Masonry . Click OK.Brick Soldier Course. It also shows a thickness value. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Split Region. It immediately highlights in blue. Modify. 10. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . The column widths in the table can be adjusted.4.Brick Soldier Course layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Merge Region. Close the file without saving. Click Assign Layers. it highlights in blue in the preview window. as shown. 7. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. and Insert Layer tools. Walls s 171 . 6. 9. Click OK. 5. The preview changes appearance. In this exercise. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. because it is now the selected layer. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region.

STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. earth. and protected. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and insulation. piping. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.Walls . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed. ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but also the natural lighting.Doors and Windows . Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the ventilation. the view. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).

186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20". The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. ft.

and Language Arts. and how to position. engineering. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. s Copy windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . s Center a door in a wall. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. move. This lesson relates to science. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Components such as doors. and furniture are defined in family files. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. you learn how to place doors and windows. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. Engineering. Some families are loaded into each empty file. windows. and copy these elements. In this unit.

When placing doors in a plan view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. the door swing would be to the left side. This can be done in a plan view. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. or 3D view. On the Home tab. In other words. To flip the door. To reverse the swing. Add Doors 1.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. 2. elevation view. Once a door is placed. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Build panel. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.Doors and Windows . 3. click Door. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.

except for the Type Selector. click Load Family.rfa. From the Type Selector list. Doors and Windows s 189 . With the Door command active. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. 2. Mode panel. Select the door Double-Panel 2. 3. The display does not change. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Click Open. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. In order to keep file size small. walls.Load Families 1. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. and windows into project files.

select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector.4. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.Doors and Windows . 5. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

To Doors and Windows s 191 . use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. or by using the swing control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. change a temporary dimension. Remember.6. If you place a door in the wrong location. simply click it and enter the correct value. Do not add the dimensions.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows .rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.

To reverse the window after performing another operation. Add Windows 1. the outside of the window is to the left side. You can place windows in a plan view. click Window. 2. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. approach the wall from the right side. or 3D view. On the Home tab. elevation view. Build panel. From the Type Selector. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Open Unit5_doors. click Modify and select the window. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. When placing windows in a plan view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it.

4. placed doors. loaded a door family. You do not need to add dimensions.Doors and Windows . Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. and placed windows.3. you opened an existing project. Window tags do not number in sequence. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Place seven more windows as shown. In this exercise. 5. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

s Align and modify walls. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. 1. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. On the Annotate tab. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . place a door. and modify the wall. Dimension panel. 2. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. and so on. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. click Aligned. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. constrain it to be centered in a wall. you open an existing project file. wall. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. 3. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent.rvt. 4. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. window. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Do not be overly concerned where you place it.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise.

2. Select the upper wall first. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. The walls are now aligned. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Notice the symbol.Doors and Windows . Align Walls 1. 6. Click the center of the door. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click the lock icon to enable it. 5. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.s s s s Click the left wall. the other wall will remain aligned. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. The door changes location. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension.

Right-click. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Clear the EQ Display value. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.4. The walls shift and remain aligned.) The dimension value is now shown. Change the dimension to 16. 3. Dimensions display below it. 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.

rvt. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 7. Click Zoom to Fit.6. In this exercise. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . you placed a continuous dimension. Right-click.

In this exercise. On the Modify | Windows tab. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. especially if there are many different types. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. click Create Similar. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Doors and Windows s 199 . 4. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Create panel. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.rvt. 1. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 2.

The window is copied. Modify panel.Copy Windows 1. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Select the window you just placed. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. The window will change appearance. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 3. click Copy. On the Modify | Windows tab. 2. 4. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.Doors and Windows .

Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.5. In this exercise. Right-click.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . cold. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. flat glass is a recent invention. heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

s Place a window. General Questions 1. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 40" d. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 28" b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Standard b. s Position a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. False 2. s Align a door or window. If a room is used for sleeping. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. a. s Copy a door or window. a. 32" b. you learned to: s Place doors. 32" d. Custom 3. 30" c. 34" 4. True b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 36" c.

Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. Properties 3. c. Click Door Properties. Right-click. Offset c. a.Doors and Windows . you use: a. b. Click Flip Direction. Use door grips to reposition. Select the door. True b. Copy 8. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. To center a door or window in a wall. Duplicate d. you: a. The center snap 7. 4. Insert d. Click Door Properties. To change the swing direction of a door: a. d. True b. Select the door. Select the door. Door and window tags are placed automatically. A reference plane b. False 5. Load c. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. you use ________. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. c. False 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the location of a door or window. Link c. a. b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Load from Library b. d. Clone b. a. True b. 6. Click Modify > Flip Direction. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d.

Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Evaluate students. s Create railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 4. s Modify stair boundaries. 2. Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 5. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.

Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. After completing this lesson. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the different stair types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations.Stairs and Railings .

This lesson relates to technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and math standards. Technology. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. Once the actual riser height is determined.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum.Stairs and Railings .

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2".

Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. engineering. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. U-shaped stairs. or tread.Stairs and Railings . you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. You can define straight runs. s Create U-shaped stairs. s Add a railing. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). The riser and run values update accordingly. you will be able to: s Create stairs. or vertical circulation. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and spiral stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. In multistory buildings. As you move the cursor. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. This lesson relates to technology. L-shaped runs with a landing. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Engineering. and math standards. s Modify stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. ramps. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. You create stairs in a plan view. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. and stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Math (STEM).Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. For safety reasons. which includes elevators. and Language Arts.

This enables you to place the stairs properly. From the courseware datasets folder. you create stairs using a straight run. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.rvt. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Stairs and Railings s 217 . 3. On the Properties palette. This file is in metric units.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.

Circulation panel.Stairs and Railings . These tools are used to define your stairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 5. In this case. Run is preselected.4. Click OK to close the dialog box. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Home tab. you create a straight run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). You can define either a straight run or a circular run. click Stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel.

You can also enter a distance of 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. If you have not fully created the run. On the Mode panel. As you move the cursor up. 7. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Stairs and Railings s 219 . the run footprint stops expanding. Select this intersection point to start your run. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display.6. 9. select Finish (green check). 10. 8. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can continue to move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. To change the run dimension. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. and then click to define the run of stairs.

Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 13. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. you created and placed a straight run stair. click application menu > Save As > Project. and switched to a 3D view.rvt. To avoid overwriting the original file. In this exercise. 12. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .11. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.

rvt. Activate view Floor Plans. click Align. The stair is not centered on the landing. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Edit panel. On the Modify tab. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Level 1. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.

5. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. select Wall centerlines. Take time to make the selections correctly. The Align command remains active. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Click the center of the stairs.4. Click the center of the wall first. from the Prefer list. On the Options Bar. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. which is located at the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can rotate your model to get a better view.Stairs and Railings . hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.

notice that stairs and railings are separate families. s Click OK. and Dimensions subsections.6. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . As you prehighlight them. expand Sections (Building Section). Graphics. On the Properties palette. s For Name. 7. s Click Duplicate. 8. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. enter Lobby Stairs. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. In the Project Browser. Hover the cursor over the railing. 9. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Change Width to 1350. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Select the stairs. railings were created with the stairs.

10. Lobby Stair View. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Select both railings. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Stairs and Railings . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 13. The railings change. Click it to select it.12. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. click Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Mode panel. you change the shape of the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Next. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Delete this line. s Zoom in on the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 14. The stair changes to the run sketch.

Click StartEnd-Radius arc. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Click Modify. click Boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.15. To place the second arc endpoint. s Select the arc boundary you just created. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 16. s On the Modify panel. 19. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click the left end of the top riser. Click to place the arc.Stairs and Railings . 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 18. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. On the Draw panel. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 17.

First. This will define a rounded first step. 20. For the third point. select the endpoint of the left boundary.21. Next. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the right boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. On the Draw panel. click Riser. Click to exit the Mirror command. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. the arc center point.

22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results. you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise.rvt.Stairs and Railings . On the Mode panel. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. click Finish. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 23.

Click Modify. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. 3. you add a railing to a second floor landing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Therefore. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. In this case. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you need to define a path for the railing. This is typically done in plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. For simple railings. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. The completed exercise To create a railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 .Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Select the right side railing. you sketch the plan view path. Zoom into the landing area as shown. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. To make sure you are selecting the railing.

To set the exact distance. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Once the railing is selected. click Line. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Draw panel.4. 6.Stairs and Railings . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. You do not need to add dimensions. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. on the Modify | Railings tab. click Edit Path. select Chain. edit the temporary dimension. Then. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 7. s s On the Options Bar. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 5. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Mode panel.

Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 8.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. 9. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.rvt. Delete your lines and try again. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing. In this exercise.

You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 2. you create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . the stairs appear as a U-shape. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. s On the Options Bar. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Home tab. In this exercise. set the Offset value to 850. Create a Reference Plane 1. Work Plane panel. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1.rvt from the previous exercise. In a floor plan view. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.

Circulation panel. On the Home tab. On the Properties palette. Click OK. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Stairs and Railings s 233 .s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. To start sketching the run.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Matte 2. Dark Gray. 5. Pull the cursor straight up. Click Edit Type. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 4. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. click Stairs. 3. enter Exit Stairs. 6. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. For Name. change the Width parameter to 900. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click OK twice.

Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer to the right. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Press ENTER. 8. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Click to finish the stair run. 9.Stairs and Railings . enter 1925. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7.

10. it is because you have overlapping lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Stairs panel. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Stairs and Railings s 235 . but they are hidden behind walls. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. click Finish Stairs. You want to inspect your stairs. Remove the additional lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. If you get an error message. 2. Click Finish Stairs again. Select the two walls of the stair tower. you select Continue to return the sketch. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. 11. To remove the lines. On the View Control bar. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen.

On the View Control Bar. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 4. and to create a U-shaped stair. 3. you learned to create a reference plane. This is a multistory stair. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 5. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. On the Properties palette. The walls are now hidden. 6.rvt. 2. Select the stairs so they highlight. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.3. Finally. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The exterior walls reappear.Stairs and Railings . Reset the Display 1. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Zoom in to see your stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.

STEM Connections s 237 . ramps.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. escalators.

They cost less. and deliver riders without wait time. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices.Stairs and Railings . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Include landings as required by your local building code. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. this openness makes them fire hazards. smoke guards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but they can also be highly decorative.

a. a. True b. 32" c. a. b. 180 degrees 3. 45 degrees c. 36" d. 30" b. 25 degrees b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. False 2. s Create railings. 90 degrees d. s Modify stair boundaries. General Questions 1. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 40" 4. True b. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False Summary/Questions s 239 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Create stairs. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. and all treads should be the same run.

riser lines c. Align Railing d. that is. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. risers b. a. Modify c. risers 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Insert 2. Attach Railing c. Line b.Stairs and Railings . a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Home b. Arc d. a. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Fasten Railing 5. riser d. a. Treads. Run. False 6. you use the _______ option. True b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. To create railings on stairs without railings. Manage d. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Rectangle c. Pick New Host b. risers and treads. Railings. Boundary lines. Circle 4.

s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 8. s Place gutters. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 7. Review of roof types.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 6. (Student) 10. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Evaluate Students. (Student) 3. (Discussion) 2.

It addresses roof construction. gutters. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. roof types.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. After completing this lesson. Identify the different roof types. Calculate the rise. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.Roofs . as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. run. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. tiles. and downspouts.

Engineering. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and math standards. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. technology. and Language Arts. About Roofs s 243 . This lesson relates to science. Technology.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and sun. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resistance to wind and fire. and colors. and sunlight. resistance to wind and fire. durability. the roofing pattern. both low and steep. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. resulting in at least one textured face. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. texture. are designed for shedding water and snow. These are used more often on upscale homes. and color. texture. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. maintenance. as well as how effective a shelter it is. brands. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. rot. fire-resistant. the roofing pattern. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. You can use them for many different applications. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. About Roofs s 245 . durability. and low maintenance roofing material. and if visible. maintenance. snow. They come in several types. Sloped roofs. and if visible. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable.

Therefore. choose a type that will suit your needs.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. fiberglass. and require little maintenance. zinc alloy. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. odor. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). treatment for insects. and so forth). A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. Unfortunately. quality. reinforced plastic.Roofs . galvanized steel. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. consider such factors as cost. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. and insulating capability (R-value). s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. galvanized steel. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. When choosing the insulation for your job. durable. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. They are fire-resistant. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. special characteristics (for example. or corrugated structural glass. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. This same roof on a clear. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs . eave flashing.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.Roofs . as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. where as. run. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. but the two sides are not symmetrical. and span. The run value is typically equal to 12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. A number indicates the value of the rise.

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch is noted as a fraction.Roofs . Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 to 12. try to specify standard roof pitch.When designing a roof. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 on 12.

s Create a roof fascia. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. water. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you can add gutters. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. dormers. or eaves. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. and fascia. s Create various roof types. Once you create a roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. you work with massing shapes and not building components. To create a roof by face. s Assign roof structure and materials. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Place gutters. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. snow. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. that convey rainwater to drains. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. or roof overhangs. often supporting a gutter. or ice. Roofs s 255 . s Create a hip roof. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. soffits.

Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . technology.Roofs . engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. and Language Arts. Engineering.

Click OK to continue. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create an extruded roof.rvt. 4. the top of the roof profile is sketched. To create an extruded roof. select the Name option. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open ADA_Roofs.. In the Work Plane dialog box. 3. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 2. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.

Click Open View. s Use the image below for guidance. The section view should display as shown. 3. Before sketching the roof's profile. click Ref Plane. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 2.5. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 4.Roofs . On the Work Plane panel. select Section: Section 1. click Line. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 6. In the Go To View dialog box. Drawing Reference Planes 1. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw panel. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall.

5. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. Using the image below for guidance. Roofs s 259 . sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using a positive offset value. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click Modify. s Click the EQ toggle. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Select the new dimension.

s On the Options Bar. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane.Roofs . 4.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 3. Right-click. 5. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. click Chain. 6. On the Properties palette. 2. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. On the Mode panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. enter Horizontal. click Line. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. you can label them. 7. Click Modify. for Name. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Finish (green check). Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 1. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Click OK.

12" type. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view.

click Join/Unjoin Roof. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Edit Geometry panel. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 3. 1. Using the images for guidance. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. On the Modify tab.Roofs . carefully select the far right roof edge. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. This is a two-step process. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

2. On the Modify Wall panel. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. 3. Roofs s 263 . the vertical walls extrude through the roof. On the Options Bar. However. This will join the wall tops to the roof. To select both walls together. In the Project Browser. Select the roof. Select both walls. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. select Attach Wall: Top.4. Trim Walls 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. open the view Sections: Section 1.

s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.Roofs . you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. 5.4. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. The roof now looks correct. In this exercise. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Switch to a 3D view. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.

Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Build panel. 3. Unit7_first_roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. select Garage Roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 1. Click Yes. so you look straight down as in a plan. you create a gable roof using a footprint. a dialog box is displayed. by Footprint. 4.rvt. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. From the drop-down list. Because you are in a 3D view. In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. from existing walls. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. On the Home tab.

click Pick Walls. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.Roofs . clear the Defines slope option. Use the image below for guidance. select the vertical wall on the left. click Defines Slope.5. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 6.0". 7. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Next. s On Options Bar. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. If you place a line on the wrong side. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 8. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .

Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Select the right side roof line. Click the 9"/12" text. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. When a roof line is set to slope defining. click Finish. Select the left slope defining line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. change the value to 6"/12". 3. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. 1. Roofs s 267 . Click Modify. It becomes an editable field. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. click Yes. Change this value to 6"/12". The new roof displays. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. By default. defining lines separately. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Other controls also display. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 2. To complete the roof.

4.Roofs . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. In this exercise. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5.

4. you create a gable roof using a footprint. click to select them. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The file opens to a 3D view. 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Roofs s 269 . The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. On the Options Bar. On Home tab. 2. Build panel. set the overhang to 1' 0". When all of the walls prehighlight. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Clear Defines Slope. To chain-select all of the walls. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.

As an alternate.Roofs . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Zoom into the chimney area. Using the image for guidance. Right-click. 4. verify the 0' 0" Offset.Create a Roof Opening 1. On the Draw panel. 3. On the Options Bar. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Rectangle. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 2.

select the Defines Slope. As in the previous exercise. click Yes. Select the left lower horizontal line. select Defines Slope. horizontal line. Click Modify. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. 3. Select the uppermost. 4. The slope indicator displays. Click Finish. 2. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete.Add Slope Lines 1. 5. 6.

Roofs . 8. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and chimney penetration. attached walls. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.7.

Roofs s 273 . 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Select the three walls shown in the image. Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 4. The file should open to a 3D view. Select Defines Slope.rvt. you create a hip roof. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 5. 2. Zoom into the area shown.0". set Overhang to 2' . Create the Roof 1.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. On the Options Bar.

274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the ViewCube. Raise the Roof 1.0". In addition. 2. 3. click Line. s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Click Finish to complete the roof. you use the Line tool. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Switch to a 3D View. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. s s Clear Defines Slope. 6. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. To close the roof sketch.Roofs . Click OK.7. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. In this exercise.rvt. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint.

click Pick Walls. 3. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Clear Defines Slope.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 2. 6. 5. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 7. Create a Shed Roof 1.rvt. Roofs s 277 . 4. On the Draw panel. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. click Line.

Set the Slope to 6" / 12". On the Properties palette. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 10. Click Modify. 11. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 9. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 12. Right-click the line. 13.8.Roofs . Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Select the lower.

18. 15. 16. 17. Finish the Roof. click Yes. Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 279 . Click OK. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.14. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.rvt. In this exercise.

Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Activate the view North Elevation. 4. select Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open the Default 3D view. Select the Roof. Cutoff Level list.Roofs . 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the menu bar. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You see four levels defined in the model.rvt. On the Properties palette. 2. 3. The roof updates.

Finish the Roof. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. To set the slope for the new roof. On the Draw panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.6. On the Home tab. Roofs s 281 . select Defines Slope. on the Properties palette. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Switch to a 3D View. 10. 11. click Pick Lines. 9. 12. set the slope value to 3"/12". Zoom and spin to see your model. 13. In this exercise. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 7.rvt. 8. On the Options Bar. Select the inner rectangle as shown.

In the Type Selector. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Select the main roof over the house. The file should open to a 3D view. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. 2.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.rvt.Roofs . 3. thereby reducing energy consumption.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 1.

To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 2. s Click OK. Click Insert to add a layer. 3. click Duplicate. enter Clay Tile. It is a generic roof type. Select the roof over the garage. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Edit. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 4. For Structure Value. For Name. click Edit Type. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. Select Layer 2 as shown.Define a Roof Structure 1. Roofs s 283 .

Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 8. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".rvt. 6. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. select Model. 7. In this exercise. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Click OK to exit the dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.Roofs . 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Click OK twice. The garage roof displays a pattern.

On the Home tab.rfa. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. or for decoration. Click Open. click Roof > Fascia. In the Open dialog box. to support a gutter. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. 3.rvt. Roofs s 285 . 2. 4. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Insert tab.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.

6. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.Paint Finish Ivory. In the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. click Edit Type. Matte. Click OK. For Name.5. Click Duplicate. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. for Profile. Set the Material value to Metal .

In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia. 9.8. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.

Click OK. select Gutter . Click OK. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Type Properties dialog box. 6. select Metal Aluminum. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. click Edit Type. Under Material parameter. s Click Duplicate. 3. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. you add gutters to a building. click Roof > Gutter. On the Home tab.Roofs . The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Place Gutters In this exercise.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.Bevel: 5" x 5". The completed exercise 4.rvt. 5. For Name. so as not to detract from the design of the building. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. under Profile parameter. 1. 2.

the gutter displays on the wrong side. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 10. Roofs s 289 . you attached gutters to a roof. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 8. If you click the interior face.7. 11. 9. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.rvt. In this exercise. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Segments will clean up at corners.

s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. water.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold.Roofs . heat. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

General Questions 1. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a. Medium c. True b. s Place fascia. High d. s Define a roof structure. Gable b. Gambrel d. Low b. True b. None of the above 3.Roofs . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. False 2. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. When referring to roof slope. Hip c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the run is always 12. a. s Place gutters. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Shed 4.

Create Slope d. Defines Slope c. b. Extrusion d. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. False 7.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Walls d. a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Footprint. d. you use: a. Change the direction of the slope. Activate Slope 9. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. TAB b. a. Cut/Lengthen c. Walls. To add a slope to a roofline. profile. extrusion. extrusion. Change the direction of the roof. DEL d. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Face 3. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Roofs can be created using ______. SHIFT c. Slope c. lines c. profile 2. Sketch c. Create an opening. a. sketch. True b. Material 8. face b. place a check mark next to: a. c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. a. ______ or _______. Add Slope b. Footprint b. Footprint b. Trim/Extend b. True b. 10. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. False Summary/Questions s 293 . False 5. Footprint. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. A compound roof contains layers. a. Turn slopes on or off. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. True b. a. Sketch. ENTER 4. pick d. Expand/Contract 6.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create a section view. s Create filled regions. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create material annotations. s Create slope annotations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.

A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and tool racks. Sections are used to examine the roof. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and special equipment. After completing this lesson. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. In a commercial structure. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. In a residential building.Sections and Elevations . 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. floor. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. the location of special equipment. cabinetry. bathrooms. the kitchen. and wall conditions at that particular slice location.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.

and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Math (STEM). Technology. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

and are properly cross-referenced. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and foundation plans. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . on the long axis of the building. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. t Cross or transverse sections. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Methods of construction for the framing crew. across its narrower dimension. framing. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. and steel. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. such as framing connections and foundation details.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

it is acceptable to decrease the scale. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Sections and Elevations . such as doors and windows. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s The position relationship between different elements. For larger elevations. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.

people. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. South. For example. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. cars. this is reversed. or methods of installation. You may. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the titles assigned (North. For siding." Mfr. and so forth. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . however. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. and then the name of the material. Therefore. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. quantity. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Unnecessary Information Shades. The size of the object is listed first. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. With interior elevations. East. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. For a wood structure. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. followed by any additional information about spacing. shadows. bushes.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation.

Molding is usually made of plaster. casements. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. chamfers. or linoleum) and the wall. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . flush overlay. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. tile. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. This is usually done using a topset. This is more costly than regular overlay. and other appliances. which is a formed pressboard. doors and direction of door swings. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. and types of finish materials used. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. and lip. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. and special equipment such as toilets. coving. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush.Sections and Elevations . doors. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. wood. shelf arrangements. other openings. The trim is usually glued into place. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. It can also be used around doorways and windows. It may have curves. and materials used.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. or a baseboard. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Hinges are concealed. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. or MDF. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. or decorative patterns. dishwashers. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. windows. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights.

which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates the section view in the model. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Change the section head. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. and a section symbol on all plans. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create an interior elevation. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room.

Technology.Sections and Elevations . 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A section is a horizontal view. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. like an elevation. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Once created. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Engineering. and math standards.

Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. elevation. or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.

When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.Sections and Elevations .

The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add structural details. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Slope is also referred to as pitch. So. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Once you create the detail section. s Add breaklines as needed. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. tracing over the existing elements. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. In a set of construction documents. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Details are crucial for effective construction. In the example shown.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add detail notes. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. which is spoken as 2 in 12. such as anchor bolts and siding. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs.

Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.

Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Create a Section View 1. The completed exercise 6. On the View tab. The Section command is available from the View tab.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create panel. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the file ADA_Sections.rvt. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 3. 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. click Section. 2.

and it has control grips to resize it. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The actual location is not critical. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. With the section line selected. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Section Properties 1. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 3. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. On the Properties palette. This is called the crop region. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 2. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building.

The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 6. In this exercise. In the Properties palette. Clear Crop Region Visible. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 7.rvt. 8. When you drew the section line. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The view is listed in your Project Browser. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 5. you automatically created a section view. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The section view updates.4.

The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Several section head families are available. 5. In this exercise. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Click Open to load the family. For Name. Click OK. Settings panel. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. On the Manage tab. On the Insert tab.rfa. Select Section Head-Open. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. They include Section Head . In the Type Properties dialog box. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. The view does not change. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.Filled. Load from Library panel. 6. 2. 3.1 point Filled. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. click Duplicate. Section Head . enter Open Arrow. 7. click Load Family.Sections and Elevations .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. and Section Head . 4.No Arrow.

In the Section Tag field. 9. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. click Edit Type. In this exercise. Select the section line. Click Duplicate. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click OK. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit8_section_open. 12. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 14. 11. The section head updates to the new head type. select Section Head . select Open Arrow. 10.rvt. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. enter Open Arrow.8. 13.Open. For Section Head. For Name.

To reposition the callout head. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. select the border of the callout. 3. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 6. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 4. Use the image below for guidance. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. This is a building section.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 2. click Callout. Open file ADA_Detail_Section.Sections and Elevations . 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Options Bar.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 5. Create panel. On the View tab. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.

You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. You can add detail lines. On the Properties palette.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 317 . region patterns. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. as shown. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 4.7. but not strongly. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 1. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. 3. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. click Region > Filled Region. 8. detail components. 2. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. select Chain. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. Line is selected automatically. On the Draw panel. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Detail panel.

Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 7. enter Earth. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Select the upper and right side lines. 6. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. For Name.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.5. Click Modify. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.

Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the filled region may appear as solid fill.Section. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click OK.8. 3. On the Annotate tab. From the Fill Pattern list. If you zoom in closer. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. click Load Family. the pattern becomes visible. On the Mode panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. 1. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.rfa. Click Open. Detail panel. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 319 . select Finish (green check). 2. 9. On the Place Detail Component tab. Detail panel.

5. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.4. In the Specify Types dialog box.

Add another Detail Component. 7. select Plywood. From the Type Selector list. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector. Using the image below for guidance. Sections and Elevations s 321 .6. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.

You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 11. From the Type Selector. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. select anchor bolt. Use the image below for guidance. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Modify. Place the component similarly to the image below. Select the vertical plywood. This component represents the subflooring. 10. set the Thickness to 3/4".9. On the Properties palette. Click Component > Detail Component. 12.Sections and Elevations .

select Multiple. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Use the image below for guidance. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Add another Detail Component. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. On the Modify panel of the context tab.13. 14. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. select Copy.

Start at the end of the siding. From the Line Style Selector.Sections and Elevations . 2. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Save the file. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. select Wide Lines. Add Detail Lines 1. click Detail Line.15. 16. On the Annotate tab. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Detail panel.

Sections and Elevations s 325 . click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel.3. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Zoom out. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 4.

6. On the Annotate tab. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Detail panel. Next. 8. Add Insulation 1. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. click Insulation. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 9. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. select the Material field in row 3. Click Modify. Click Edit in the Structure field. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 7. Right-click. Save the file. Select the wall so it highlights. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. The wall display updates. identified as Wall material 1.Sections and Elevations . 10.

Detail panel. 1. From the Type Selector. click Component > Detail Component. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. 3. Your view should resemble the image shown. select Break Line.2. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Sections and Elevations s 327 .

To complete the detail. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. In this exercise. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The view should resemble the image shown. detail lines. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 7. 6. Save the file. You place another breakline. Place the breakline as shown. and detail components to it.Sections and Elevations . Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. The Detail Component tool is still active. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view.4.

or methods of installation. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.rvt. 1. quantity. To add notes. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. weatherproofing. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. With nothing selected in the view. s Clear Annotation Crop. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 2. The border around the view will disappear. 3. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

4. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 10. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. On the Annotate tab. Finally. 9. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 12. On the Format panel. Move the pointer up 11. 7.Sections and Elevations . R13. click Text. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .4" WEATHERING. 5. insulation. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. From the Type list. click Two Segments. As you pull your cursor to the right. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Text panel. 6. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 8. leader arrow as shown. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.

Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 20. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Click ENTER to start a second line of text. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 5/8" GWB . O. 15. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the baseboard. 14. 16. 17. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. .13.C. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 19. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the floorboard.C. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together..TYPE X.. Start the next text at the interior wall. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 18. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.C. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Click off the text to finish the entry. CONT is short for Continuous. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.

Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click ENTER to start a second line. 22.. Click Modify. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.Sections and Elevations .rvt. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Note: CONC signifies concrete. 23. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 21.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.

or elevation view. In the Project Browser. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 5. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. highlight Sheets. 4. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. and locate the detail view on it. Highlight your title block. 6. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.rvt. you will want to add the views to a sheet. 2. Click Open. click Load. Right-click. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click New Sheet. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. The new sheet becomes the current view. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In this exercise. Locate the A-Landscape. 3.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. section.

You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. close to the crop border. click Show Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View Control Bar. Select a Level Line. click Hide Crop Region.7.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 9. 8. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Click the control at its left end. select view Detail at Foundation. Both Level ends will move together. In the Project Browser. Drag it to the right. On the View Control Bar. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.

Click Zoom to Fit. 11. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.rvt. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 13. For Number.301. In the Project Browser. For Name. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Right-click. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. highlight the new sheet. enter S. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. 12. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Click Rename. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click OK.10. you: s Created a new sheet.

2. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 3. Click Zoom to Fit. Open ADA_Elevations. s Add slope indication for roof. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 4. s Set the display for building components as needed. 2. s Add material notes. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Turn On Elevation Markers 1.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Right-click. Click the Annotations tab. 5. s Add any necessary dimensions. south. Click OK. and west.Sections and Elevations . Select Elevations. 6. east. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. When you create a project with a template. It is defined by the green dotted line. The elevation markers are now visible. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. four elevation views are included: north.

Next. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Modelling tab. 3. On the View Control Bar. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Planting. 5. clear Sections. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view.2. On the Annotations tab. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 4. Sections and Elevations s 337 .

On the Properties palette. In Surface Pattern.Exterior Stucco. 10. Select Sand. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you activated an elevation view. 13. It will be identified as Condo . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 12. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. click to open the list. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. and modified the wall display characteristics. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. select Edit in the Structure field.7. 9. 11.Sections and Elevations . modified its display. Select the wall. Click the button that displays to select a material. 8.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.

In the Type Selector. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. or methods of installation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 3. 4. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. 5. Add a note for the foundation. quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.rvt. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Add a note for the stone wall. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. The size of the object is listed first. 2.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Set the Leader type to One Segment.

Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the roof. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.rvt. 7. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. 9.Sections and Elevations . Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. In this exercise.6.

You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. enter 1/8".Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 4.rvt. 3. Dimension panel. 1. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. For Offset from Reference. from the Slope Representation list. Click again to locate the slope indicator. click Spot Slope. On the Annotate tab. 2. 6. select Triangle. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Click to select the roof line. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 5. On the Options Bar.

Click to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 9. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 11.Sections and Elevations . 10. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.7. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Dimension panel. click Aligned. Click Modify.

and vertical dimensions. 13. Arrange notes. In this exercise. The west elevation now contains material notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.rvt. select wall breaks and levels. 14. leaders. slope indicators. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and dimensions for clarity. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.12. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Sections and Elevations s 343 .

you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Right-click. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. equipment rooms. Highlight the view.rvt. This view was already defined in the drawing. dimensions.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 2. 3. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.Sections and Elevations . and cabinetry. In the Project Browser. special closets. kitchens. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Click Open View. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Find Referring Views. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. In this exercise.

Select Suppress 0 Feet. 6. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Right-click. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. s s s s Click Duplicate. click OK. click Aligned. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Clear Use Project Settings.4. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Dimension panel. In the Name box. 7. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 5. Click the value field for Units Format 8.

and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. You modified a dimension style.Sections and Elevations . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.rvt. 10. detail the interior section.9. In this exercise. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

s Create filled regions. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. such as north. Not in Contract c. Show the relationships between elements. Nobody in Charge d. is always the true orientation. All of the above 5. it depends. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. b. 2. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The orientation of the exterior elevation. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Walls c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Bathrooms and kitchens b. 4. Cabinetry d. Either one. Indicate the location of doors and windows. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. b. a. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 3. The direction the viewer is facing. Not in Concrete b. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. True b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Create a section view. General Questions 1. The direction the structure is facing. All of the above. s Create material annotations. d. c. c.

Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. False 2. d. you use: a. The Visual Style of the view. The detail level of the view. c. b. b and c. c. Sun and Shadow b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Which elevation is it? a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. East b. North 3. click Sheet Composition > View. True b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 4. a. Click Add View. The height of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The boundaries of the view. West c. South d. False 5. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The dotted line indicates: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Element properties c.Sections and Elevations . d. Right-click. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. True b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. On the View tab. but not a 6.

6. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. s Export a schedule. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 4. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . Review Schedules.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 2. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Load a schedule tag.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules . After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. About Schedules s 351 . such as reference number. height. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and thickness. width. and math standards. technology. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and Language Arts. Some of these building objects include. Technology.

the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.Schedules . The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. There are different types of schedule tables. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. However. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. Instance. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. depending on the style of the architectural firm.

About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

Schedules . However. A circle. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. hexagon. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Other letters are P for plumbing. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. The following image shows door. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Using the software. Like schedules. and A for appliances. E for electrical. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.

engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. s Export a schedule. equipment. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. materials. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedules list items such as doors. s Create a room schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. rooms. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Schedules s 355 . hardware. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. s Add room tags. Math (STEM). Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. windows. and Language Arts. and you can create your own schedules.

s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.Schedules . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. and you set the schedule to display totals. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.

a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. On the View tab. 3. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Select Windows from the list.s Window Tag 5. Type Mark. In Available Fields. Height. Level. 6. Schedules s 357 . Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Add Count. Click Add. select Comments. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 4. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. and Width. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 7. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.

The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Click OK to finish the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select the fields.Schedules . from left to right.

Schedules s 359 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 2. select Type Mark. From the Sort By list. 3. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. but without any useful calculations yet. Select Blank Line. 1. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.

In the lower left corner of the dialog box. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Rather than make a manual calculation.Schedules . 3. On the Properties palette. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 4. 1. In the Project Browser. click Edit. you can have the schedule report this. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. click the schedule name. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Notice how the schedule has changed. for Sorting/ Grouping. clear Itemize Every Instance. 2. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. in this case). In order to calculate the total number of windows. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. select Level. in the Then By sorting field.

On the Properties palette. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. and Totals. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The totals for each window type now display. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Count.5.rvt. From the list. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Footer. select Title. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Schedules s 361 . you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. In this exercise. s Set the schedule to display category totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. click Edit 7. 6.

ceiling type. Click Open. based on the amount of space in each room. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 4. floor type. Locate the file named Room Tag. 5. click Room > Room. Room size. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 2. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.rvt. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. click Overwrite the Existing Version. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Room & Area panel. 3.Schedules . occupancy. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. On the Home tab.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.

In the Type Selector. 8. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Schedules s 363 . Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown. 6. On the Home tab. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel. 7. a total of 7.

12. Select Room #2. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. On the Room & Area panel.Schedules . s Click the Room text. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. An edit box activates. 10. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Place a room tag below the room separation line. 13. The room tag updates.9. The cursor changes to sketch mode. click Room. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Modify. 11. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The area value for Room 7 updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below.

Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Added a room separation. On the Properties palette. for Name. enter Sales. 15. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.14. Schedules s 365 . you: s Loaded a room tag. In this exercise. s Tagged various objects.rvt.

Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Name.rvt. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Create panel. Click Add--> after each selection. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Create a Room Schedule 1. The New Schedule dialog box displays. On the View tab. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 2. Set the Sort By value to Number. and Area to be included in your schedule. In the Available Fields pane. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The completed exercise 5. 6. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Number. Click OK.Schedules . 3. For Name. 4. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. enter Square Footage Report.

Click the Formatting tab. Select Title and Totals from the list. Click OK. clear Use Project Settings. Highlight the Area field. Select Grand Totals. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the Heading to No. Highlight the Number field. In the Format dialog box. 10. s Click Field Format. 9. s Set Unit Symbol to SF.7. s Set Alignment to Right. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 8. Schedules s 367 . s Set Units to Square Feet.

rvt. you: s Created a room schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. 12. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Totaled one of the columns. In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Save as Unit9_room_schedule.Schedules .11. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.

The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Click Save. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. You can then use this file in other applications. Using your Windows Explorer. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 6. Note the formatting that has been applied. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Schedules s 369 .rvt. 2.txt) file. Double-click it to open it. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 4. you export the room schedule to a text file. On the application menu. Browse to a directory to save your report. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 5. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. locate the file you created. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 3. The file is created. Click OK.

370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules . 8. Close the text file.7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.

s Load a schedule tag.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. What is a schedule table? a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False 4. None of the above. 2. True b. s Reformat a schedule. Type b. Matrix d. Questions 1. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. A list of sheets used in a project. True b. s Place a schedule tag. a. d. c. False Summary/Questions s 371 . you learned to: s Create a schedule. Quantity c. Instance 3. s Export a schedule. b.

Revit Architecture Questions 1. Modify 2. Manage tab 3. XLS c. TXT b.Schedules . View tab c. a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Home d. To export a schedule. Annotate tab b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. use the ____ . Annotate b. View c. Application menu d. a. CSV d.

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 4. 2.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 5. Lesson Plan 1. 3. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Review Visualization.

Visualization . s Export an FBX file. and Language Arts. Engineering. s Apply shading to a view. The animation file can be played in any media player. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Export a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Orient walls and windows. After completing this lesson. s Assign materials.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. or camera on a path. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Place a camera. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Technology. s Export a DWG file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Finally. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. Math (STEM). s Create a raytrace rendering.

You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export.rvt. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on animations. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Open Unit2_custom_family. To prepare your model for rendering. s Make a camera view the active view. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Assign materials.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. s s 2. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format.

If you do not see any change in the wall display.3. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 4. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 6. 5. The walls now display layers of materials. Stud. Right-click. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.Visualization . Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Select any exterior wall. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The wall display updates. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.

8.7. In addition to using the control arrows. Right-click. Click Change wall's orientation. Visualization s 377 . On the Properties palette. Select walls. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click OK. 10. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass. Select the toposurface object. Open the Default 3D view. Repeat the process for the windows. you can: s s s 9.

On the application menu. click Export > FBX. Select the Roof. 3. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK in any notices and warnings.11. Export the Model to FBX 1. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.FBX).rvt.Visualization . In the Select File to Import dialog box. you have completed this exercise. This will filter the file list. 2. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. select Autodesk (*. Note the file location. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. for Files of type. On the application menu. Depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Export. and click Open. Open 3ds Max Design. click Import > Import. Select the file name. 12.

Note the file location. you have completed this exercise. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. Close the file without saving. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. If necessary. 2. Visualization s 379 .4. Export the Model to DWG 1. open Unit10_Export. On the application menu. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. click Next.rvt. Depending on your system resources. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 3. There is no way to update it from Revit. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.

In the File Link Manager . Open 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. 8.4. 9. Select the file name. On the application menu. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.Visualization .max. open Unit10_Export. click File. 7.rvt. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. If necessary. 6. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Select two windows as shown. Click Open. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. click References > File Link Manager.

The windows have updated. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 12. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Open the 3D view. 13. Save the export file using the same name as before. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Visualization s 381 . Save the file. On the application menu.10. 11. In the dialog box.

s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.14. s Oriented walls and windows. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The windows have changed. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Changed a material definition. In this exercise. s Close the File Link Manager. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Click Reload. The linked file updates.Visualization . s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open the File Link Manager. 15. Open the Files tab.

change materials. Open Unit10_Export. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Place a Camera 1.rvt. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. 2. On the View tab. Create panel. In this exercise. add plantings to the model. and create a second rendering. as shown. Open the Site view. click Camera. you place a camera in a model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. If you place the camera too close to the model. generate a rendering. 3. Visualization s 383 .Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. If necessary. The camera will be visible. 2. 6. Open the Site view again. On the View Control Bar. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Right-click.4. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.Visualization . Render Setup 1. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. s s s s Open a floor plan view. select Very Few Clouds. The camera perspective view opens. click Show Rendering Dialog. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Click Show Camera. Return to the perspective view. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 7.

Click Render. On the Massing & Site tab.3. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open view 3D View 1. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Model Site panel.30' approximately as shown. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Enhance the Model 1. Visualization s 385 . Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Accept the default settings for Quality. s Click Render. click Site Component. 3. Open the Site view. and Lighting. Output Settings. 2. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.

In the Rendering dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. The model displays in the view. and you can now select elements for editing. Select an exterior wall.Visualization . Click Edit in the Structure field. 4. Change Materials 1. click Save to Project. 5. On the Properties palette. click Show the Model. click Edit Type.4. Select the roof. In the Save to Project dialog box. 2. 3. In the Rendering dialog box. 6. In the Layer 1 Material field.Wood Shake. On the Properties palette. click OK. click Edit Type. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Materials list. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. select Roofing . 5.

Visualization s 387 . 7. Click the Render Appearance tab. 8.10. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 9.

These images are now available as options to present to a client. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. In this exercise.rvt. Select Masonry . s Generated and captured a second render image. 12. 14. s Created a raytrace setup. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.11. click Save to Project.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Save the file as Unit10_render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Generated and captured a render image.Visualization . click Render. s Edited materials in model components. s Placed site planting components in the model. 13. 16. The new image is placed in its own view. 15. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK.

Each view. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 3. To place a key frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Right-click again. or walkthroughs. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The camera and path can be edited. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s View the animation in a media player. Create panel. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Open Unit10_render. Open floor plan view Level 1. and exported individually. in a project model. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. 4. click to the left of the model as shown. s Right-click. Visualization s 389 . 2. s On the View tab. click 3d View > Walkthrough.rvt. or frame. rendered. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s Edit the camera and path. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1.

8. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. click Finish Walkthrough. 7. 10. Drag it to the left.5. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 9. click Edit Walkthrough. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Walkthrough panel. The camera is located on the final key frame.Visualization . 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Modify | Cameras tab. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Select the direction control for the camera. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 11. 6.

The path displays control dots at key frames. 13. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Check the view in several key frames. From the Controls list. Click Edit Walkthrough. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Drag the path away from the model as shown. If camera positions distort. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 3. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 2. Visualization s 391 . Click Open. select Path.12. click Next Key Frame. On the Walkthrough panel.

On the application menu. Click Save. Revit generates the external AVI file. click OK. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Export the Walkthrough 1.Visualization . File Name. Click Play. 2. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. 3.Play the Walkthrough 1.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 2. notice where you save the file. select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Length/Format dialog box. 4. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame.

5. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. such as shaded or rendering. Double-click the new file name. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player. 6. Visualization s 393 . Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly.

s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path.Visualization . save the Revit Architecture file.7. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player.

Save As > FBX c. s Play a walkthrough. s Add planting components. a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Export > FBX 3. s Place a camera. a. False 2. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Assign materials. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export a walkthrough. a. Align c. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. View > Shading d. s Apply shading to a view. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Questions 1. s Export an FBX file.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. True b. you use: a. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. Split b. s Create a raytrace rendering. Print to File b. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. Demolish 2. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. True b. True b.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 2. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. Lesson Plan 1. and braces. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 3. beams and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. foundations. beam systems. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review structural columns.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. you learn how to place structural columns. 4. beams. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . In the following exercises. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams.

Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . beams. and other structural elements will be located in a building.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.Structural . especially columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Knowing where structural members. and other building objects. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. walls. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.

Place beam systems and braces.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Technology. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson. Create column grids. Math (STEM). Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building.

You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. 3. click Column > Structural Column.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Structural columns can be steel. 2. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . They come in types defined by size and shape. wood. As with columns. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. spans without walls. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. this is known as post and beam construction. In this exercise. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 1. often mainly glass. Beams connect columns or walls. On the View Control Bar. beams can be steel. or concrete. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. or reinforced concrete. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Select a floor. In residential construction.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. wood.Hide Category. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Open Deck Framing.Structural . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Build panel of the Home tab.

click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 6. 5.4. On the View Control Bar. On the Options Bar. and 4B. In the Type Selector. 8. click Depth. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 7. Structural s 403 . select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 3A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Repeat at grid intersections 2A.

Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 11.9. In the Project Browser. Click OK. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 10. 2. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click Hide In View > Element. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). double-click view Framing Cutaway. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. and columns clearly. Zoom in so you can see the deck.Structural . Right-click. rail. Place Beams 1. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

4. On the Options Bar. Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.3. s In the view window. In the Type Selector. select Chain. On the Structure tab. 5. click Beam. To place beams: Structural s 405 . Structure panel.

Click Modify. 7.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. On the Properties palette. 6. Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.

s Place a beam from A2 to A3. 11. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. click Beam. In this exercise. Structural s 407 . s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.8. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Save the file as Deck Beams. 12. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Make Wall Bearing. Structure panel. On the Properties palette. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click OK. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 9. as shown. Click Modify. Click on grid intersection B4. Click.

or number of beams in a bay. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Structural . These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Open Deck Beams. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Open Plan View Deck Framing. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The completed exercise 5. 4. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. click No. click Pick Supports. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Click the beam on Grid 1. Structure panel. In this exercise. click Sketch Beam System. s Place braces. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. distance. On the Structure tab. you: s Place beam systems. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 2.rvt. Place Beam Systems 1. click Beam System. 3. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears.

as shown.6. 7. On the Draw panel. click Line. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 .

s s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . click Create Similar. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s 9. set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Properties palette. Click Finish. click Line. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Pick Supports. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.8. On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Finish (green check). s s On the Draw panel.6". 11. 10.2". On the Mode panel. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.

unlike regular elevations. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Create panel. Structure panel. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Click to place the elevation.Place Braces 1. 4. In the Project Browser. as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. It has an automatic work plane. 3. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the View tab. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. click Brace. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 5. On the Structure tab. 2. On the View Control Bar. Structural s 411 .

In the Type Selector. Click Modify.Structural . 8.6. to start the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left. 7. In the view window. 9. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise. 11. Structural s 413 .10.

The exact location is not critical. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. beams. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. s s In the view window. elevation. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and section views. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. The numbering automatically increments. In plan views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. but they can also be angular and radial. 2. Grid datasets. click Grid. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. You can change a grid number at any time. as shown. Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model.Structural . The exact length is not critical. and walls. In this exercise. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Datum panel. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. click in the lower left to start a grid line. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. The Grid tool is still active.3. Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. Structural s 415 .

s Select Grid Line 2. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.Structural . Grid 3 is already the selection set. click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. click Copy. The new grid line is number 5. Press ENTER.5. Enter A at the keyboard. Pull the cursor to the left. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. The new grid line will be number 3. Click to start a grid line. 7. close to the heads. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Pull the cursor to the right. Repeat to create grid line 4. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. 6. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid.

s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. 11. The Grid tool is still active. This completes the main grid. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.8. On the grid line. s Click Copy. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Change the number to 2.1.1 is still selected. s Click to place the grid line. 10. Grid 2. This grid line will be number B. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Select grid 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. 9. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Structural s 417 . click the elbow control to place an offset.

On the Draw panel.000 o . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. The Grid tool is still active. s s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble.Structural . Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Draw panel. set Offset to 15'-0". Create panel. click Grid. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". enter 15. click Pick.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 4. s Click to start the grid line. On the Options Bar. select Center-Ends Arc. Click to place the grid head. Press ENTER. In the Radius field. Zoom to Fit. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. 3. click Radius. Change the number to EE.

Structural s 419 . This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. 7. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. Click to place grid FF. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. 6. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.5.

Structural . click Mirror . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble.8. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s Select grid 31. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.Pick Axis. Press ENTER. 9. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Select grid 3. Revit will create grid 32. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Zoom to Fit. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. click Create Similar. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s 10. s In this exercise. 11. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Enter 31 to change the name.rvt.000. Click to place the grid line.

you typically create a grid. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. click Column > Structural Column. 2. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Use a column grid to place beams. In the Type Selector. As a result. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. s Add footings to columns. This is a steel column. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structure panel. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Structural s 421 . To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. s 3. Now you place columns at grid intersections.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. In this exercise.

2. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Multiple panel. In the Multiple panel. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. click Finish. 4. 6. B. 5. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 3.s s On the Options Bar.Structural . click At Grids. A. set Height to Level 3. 4. C and D.

Window-select all the grid lines. click On Grids. Click Grid 1. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. click Beam. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. 3. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 5. Zoom to Fit. The grid. columns. and beams will move to the right.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Structural s 423 . On the Multiple panel. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Multiple panel. 4. 2.

2. Click Redo. click Finish. click At Columns. 6. 4. click Undo. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 3. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family.Structural . Open the Default 3D view. Columns and beams will move to the right. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. 1. On the Multiple panel. click No. On the Quick Access toolbar. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. window-select all the columns. click Isolated.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. In the view window.

Click OK. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". To change the size of the footing. 7. The footing changes size. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool.5. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 6. s On the Properties palette. A warning displays. Structural s 425 . Press ESC to clear the column selection. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. in the Type Selector. The footing had been placed at Level 1.

426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Added footings to columns.8. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file. In this exercise. s Changed a grid layout.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

s Add footings to columns. s Place beam systems. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. All of the above. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Brace c. True b. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Questions 1. s Place braces. s Change a grid layout. Column b. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Use a column grid to place columns. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. 2.

a. 3. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. c. If you relocate a grid line. Select a beam type and define the system layout. d. you: a. Flip Orientation d. a. A but not B. b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 5.Structural . To create a beam system.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. True b. d. c. True b. When placing columns or beams. Pick points. Select the type of beam or column to place. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you use: a. A and B. All of the above. Properties c. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 2. To change the height of a column. False 4. you can: a. Stretch b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically.

Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Executive Director. International Technology Education Association www.org Project Lead the Way. Smith .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . South Division High School.Director. Poway.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . PE . WI Roger Dohm .iteaconnect.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Milwaukee. CA Ronald A Williams. Mathematics. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Randy Dymond. Ltd. Poway High School. Inc. Starkweather . Susan Harrington .Instructor.Teacher. Copyright s 431 .

and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. INC.” AUTODESK. by any method. All rights reserved. may not be reproduced in any form. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Trademarks Autodesk. Autodesk Revit MEP. Autodesk Inventor. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . product names. AutoCAD MEP. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. AutoCAD Architecture. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. for any purpose. All other brand names. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. this publication. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. All rights reserved. AutoCAD. Inc.. “AS IS. Published by: Autodesk. Inc. 2010 Autodesk. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. INC.© 2010 Autodesk. Inc. CA 94903. Inc. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Inc. or parts thereof..

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