Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . intersections. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch.When sketching walls.

roofs. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. floors. windows. furniture. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and 3D views.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.Software Tools . stairs. You can add building elements in plan. elevation. section. Other building elements such as doors.

the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the two illustrations shown. In the illustration shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools .

About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. s Place a predefined Mass family. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. s Constrain placement of objects. This lesson relates to science. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Technology. engineering. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. and math standards.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. walls. A designer. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. quickly. roofs. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. such as distance requirements from roadways. size. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and then converted into building components such as floors. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions.Software Tools . you can create in-place masses. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. owner. There are mass families available to load into a project. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. Masses can be edited in many ways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and curtain systems.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. roofs. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. walls. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools .

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. tags. This lesson relates to science. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. s Explain the use of dimensions. Math (STEM). Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Annotation includes text notes. engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. technology. and symbol heads. Engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . legends. and math standards.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

radial. or angular. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and permanent dimensions for annotating.Software Tools .

and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. and Language Arts. and math standards. Technology. This lesson relates to science. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Engineering. s Open and use ribbon tabs. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and Options Bar. the Type Selector. s Open tabs on the ribbon. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Math (STEM). s Work with tool buttons. engineering. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display.

windows. Its position is fixed. Display and Navigation s 31 . they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. for instance. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. doors. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. beams.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. and rooms. Some commands will not be active (that is.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

and text. detailing. symbols. braces. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. columns. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. and foundations. Display and Navigation s 33 . Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. structural walls. trusses.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters. and inquiry. materials.Software Tools . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. copy/paste. Context tabs display as you work. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Software Tools . Print. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New. and Close. Save. Open. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

Software Tools . The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends. and groups.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. with four elevation markers visible. families. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. schedules. sheets.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

Software Tools . rendering (in 3D views). and a selection filter counter at the far right end. cropping. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. visual style. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. level of detail. Windows panel on the ribbon. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sun settings. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. A check mark indicates it is visible. View Control Bar View scale. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. shadow display. To toggle the Project Browser on/off.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. but not at Coarse. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. To change the scale of a view.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line. Hidden Line is the default. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded with Edges. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. Display and Navigation s 47 . and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. which can be according to the view. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

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and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

Software Tools . enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings. These controls. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Nine tabs are available: Home. Annotate. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Manage and Modify. View.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Collaborate. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Structure. Display and Navigation s 55 . Insert. Massing & Site. To activate or open a view. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it.

Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

When a context tab is active. Properties Palette. If you select items in the view window. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab opens on the ribbon. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Display and Navigation s 57 . Options Bar.Context Tabs. showing options that you can select while you are working.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 .

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

File Close only appears on the application menu. and Publish. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. such as File Open. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. the application menu. Export. The application menu contains file management controls. Click a file name to open that file. File Save. Display and Navigation s 65 . New File. Print.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The completed exercise 4. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. or click New > Project from the application menu. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. If you select the menu option. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. make the Home tab active. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Do this for other tabs. Display and Navigation s 67 . Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. To start a new project. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. After you have examined each of them. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. 2. 3.

5. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. and then viewed. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Cycle Through All. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 6. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. you opened a project file. In this exercise. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 7.Software Tools . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Exercise 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. doubleclick the view name.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. 2. In the Project Browser. The file opens to a 3D view. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Display and Navigation s 69 .rvt. Open quick_start_building_elements.

Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. doors. Click any interior wall. 4. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 8. You are selecting everything visible. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click OK. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . .Software Tools . all the walls. On the Properties palette. 6. 7. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Clear Walls and Doors. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.3. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. and windows highlight blue. 5. Click the door in the upper left of the model. The Modify | Walls context tab opens.

9. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. you opened a project file. Place a door as shown. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Properties palette.rvt. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 12. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Display and Navigation s 71 . In this exercise. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 11. examined the menus and toolbars. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click any door. 10. click Create panel > Create Similar. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.

Component families include model objects (furniture. ceiling plan. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. either predefined or user-created. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . display controls. Technology. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. In the exercises. Math (STEM). and 3D views using the View menu. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. lines. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. mechanical equipment). You can create sections. and views. drafting views. and Language Arts. Revit provides floor plan. operating settings. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. floors). s Load and place component families. building elements (walls. Pan. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. System families include levels. Views can be added to your drawing sheets.Software Tools . Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. s Create a new in-place family. schedules. s Work with Revit families. templates. and elevation views by default. annotations.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. engineering. technology.This lesson relates to science.

Right-click. Use your keyboard to enter VV. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 2. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Click OK. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click Zoom to Fit.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The elevation markers disappear from the view. even a small one. VG also opens the dialog box. Open Unit2_building_elements. There is no way to see everything in it. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.rvt. Four elevation markers are visible. is an extensive database. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. First. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. 3. The display changes. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Software Tools . 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Enter ZF. Right-click. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Click Zoom In Region.4. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Select Detail Level: Medium. click Detail Level. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Click and drag the cursor as shown. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 5. On the View Control Bar. Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. Right-click. There are two parts to an elevation. so be sure to select them both. Click Open. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. 7. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Select the roof outline. 6. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined.

There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view.Software Tools . Turn off visibility of the elevations. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit.8. as before. View Properties 1. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. change the Underlay value to None. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. doors and windows are not shown.

and where the cut plane sits. Click OK. click Edit. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Right-click. Next to View Range. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Set the cut plane value to 7' . the ridge is now visible. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.3. For Name. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.0". enter Roof. Click Rename. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.

Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shadows On.Software Tools . Set the time to 9:30 am. Open Elevation view South. In the Sun Settings dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 3. In the Presets list. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 5. select Still. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. under Solar Study. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 2. Accept the location that activates. select Shading with Edges. select Winter Solstice. 4. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Graphic Display Options 1. In the dialog box that opens.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update.rvt. 6. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.

load. These components are called families and there are several different types. commercial. and furniture. Doors are considered standard family entities. In Revit. On the Home tab. railings. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. furniture. There are system families. Doors. roofs. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. walls. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 3. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. This exercise illustrates how you locate. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Open Unit2_views. furniture). objects can be defined as hosted (for example. and families in place. or institutional structures. and floors. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. and place Revit families. and so on. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you open an existing project file. is predefined within Revit.rvt.Software Tools . standard families. You add closet doors to interior walls. or stand-alone (for example. s A system family. Additionally. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Build panel. click Door. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. windows. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. windows. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. and use a Revit family to place a door. floors. such as levels. 2. and annotations are examples of standard families. lights.

Click Open. 4. Accept the default size.rfa. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rvt. 5. and Annotation. You click to place an instance of the door family. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Tag panel. As you move your cursor near any wall. If you highlight a door family. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Click the Doors folder. Furniture. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . It has a number of different sizes defined.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. s s 6. On the Modify | Place Door tab. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Click Open. Locate Double Panel 2. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Family files have a file extension of *. Project files have a file extension of *.

and placed instances of a door family. 8. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. you located. 9. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.Software Tools . Place an instance of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. In this exercise. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7. loaded. simply click it. but not strongly.

enter 48" x 80". and create an in-place family. Select the double door as shown. 3. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. you open an existing project file. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click OK. Open Unit2_doors_walls. click Duplicate.rvt.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The required width is not available. 5. 4. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. In the Type Properties dialog box. modify a door family.

Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Click OK. select Generic Models. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 3. Build panel.6. On the Home tab. Click OK. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 1. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.Software Tools . is to create a component family in place. click Component > Model In-Place. In the dialog box. 5. On the Properties palette. 2. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. set the Extrusion End value to 6". For Name. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The door updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. enter Hall Clock. 4. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates.

Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 9.4" as shown. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 13. and placed a door family.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. In this exercise. On the Draw panel.0' 2". 7. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Click OK. The family model updates. 12. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.6. you located. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 11. as shown. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 10. 8. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded.2". click Rectangle. Revit will display . You have created the base of the clock.

Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.

s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

False 3. 6. s Open different views. Right-click. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. c. c. s Change view displays. False 5. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. False 2. Spin the model in 3D space. s Change type properties of a family. tab. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. 7. b. True b. depending on the template selected. All content tools are located on the ribbon. True b. load. b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. and Options Bar. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. a. Questions 1. The tool shown is used to: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. Each project has several predefined views. Zoom to the entire model. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Turn on Shadows. False 4. s Change view properties. d. s Create an in-place model family. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b.Software Tools . and click Open. b. a. Views can be renamed. d. s Access. To activate a view: a. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom in Region is used to: a. Create a 3D perspective view. a. and place a family from a library. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. c. Either a or b. d. context tabs.

Scroll d. System c.) are called: a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Multiview b. Standard b. All of the above. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Rotate c. windows. Blocks c. a. depending on settings 9. Parts d. In-Place d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. etc. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Families 11. A family created within a project is called ________________. a. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Pan and Zoom b. Project Browser d.8. Properties palette 10. you can use the scroll wheel to: a.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

4. s Set project units. 6.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 9. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. s Create labels. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. s Create dimension and text styles. Lesson Plan 1. s Duplicate and modify views.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. Review Revit Architecture setup. 3. s Create a project template. 5.

Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. linetypes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.aias. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . colors. Visit the AIA website at www. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Visit the AIAS website at www. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. based on the AIA standards. colors.aia. Many cities and counties have their own rules. should be used. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and Language Arts. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Explain why templates are used. Technology. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. defining the layers. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. and so forth. After completing this lesson. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.org. Engineering. linetypes. Math (STEM).Standards and Building Codes .org. and the settings that are preset within them.

and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. a garage. it cannot be called a bedroom. and one closet. like mechanical drawing. For example. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. one window. it must have at least one door. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. a common area (such as a living room or family room). If it lacks any of these components. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and so on. a bathroom.Standards and Building Codes . windows. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A garage must be completely enclosed. the number being its numerical value. defined and adopted by convention. otherwise it is considered a carport. and so on. doors. If there is a fire. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. A unit is a particular physical quantity.

However. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . unit symbol m.For example. In architectural drafting. units are applied to dimensions. its value is expressed in the unit meter. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. is 169 m. or imperial. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Here h is the physical quantity. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. is 555 ft. unit symbol ft. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. such as room size and wall height. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.. in the United States. using imperial units.. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. and other materials. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Another method is to apply dual notation. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. also known as the International System of Units. the construction industry still uses the English. glass.

every 1/8" would represent 1'. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".) 8. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. In Revit Architecture. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. one value representing another value.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Each size is designated by a letter. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.Standards and Building Codes . Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and viewports. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. sheets.Scales are ratios. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. line weight and pattern. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

temporary Schedules Sections. You create and position views. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. notes Demolition. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.a modified version of the AIA standard.01. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and then add a title block or other symbols. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). symbols. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. site plan.01. elevators. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing.

Usually. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . so that the height is less than the width. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. fonts. annotation plot sizes. the electrician. The paper is oriented landscape. It identifies the drawing with a title or description.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. that is.Standards and Building Codes . Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the HVAC company. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and layer standards. the author of the drawing. the date drawn. Typically. The column is divided into sections. The next space is for tracking revisions. and so on. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. drawing scales. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. For example. and other relevant information. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. followed by information on the building's owner. Templates are usually preset with drawing units.

layer settings. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . and so forth. required symbols. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. dimension and text styles.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and walls. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes . views. windows.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Math (STEM). Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. and Language Arts. Technology. dimension styles. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . These can be used to build your model.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

apartments. Open Revit to an empty project file.Standards and Building Codes . Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. 2.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. 3. click New > Project. Select a Template 1. you create a new project file using a template. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. or store. In Revit. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the New Project dialog box. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Condominiums. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. factory. On the application menu. click Browse. you use templates as starting points. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.

saving set up time. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 6. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. click Close to close this project without saving.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click Open. you started a new project file using a standard template. In this exercise. Select the Residential-Default. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. 5. Click OK. Settings s 103 .4. On the application menu.

s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. s Place the cursor over the left wall. The Wall tool remains active. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In the courseware datasets folder. 3. Press ESC to cancel the wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to a 3D view. expand Floor Plans under Views. Build panel. In the Project Browser. Pull the cursor to the right. the drawing setup options are preset. open ADA__Settings. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In this exercise. 2. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. click Wall.rvt. Click to start a new wall.

s Set Unit symbol to m. and move the cursor right. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Close the file without saving.4. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. click to start a new wall. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Place the cursor over the left wall. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click Format for Length. 8. 5. Settings s 105 . you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.) 6. 7.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.

106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . there are two types of dimensions. create.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. On the Annotate tab. 4. Dimension panel. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Temporary dimensions display when you select. click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. By default. enter Big Text. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. 1. dimensions not only display. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2. 3.Standards and Building Codes .rvt. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. or insert components. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. temporary and permanent. Click OK. Open ADA_Dimensions. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. but also control the size and location of objects. click Aligned.

In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. 7. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The Dimension tool is still active. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".5. 6. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Click to place. left. and bottom horizontal walls. Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Click OK twice. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Settings s 107 .

you opened an existing file. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Click to place the dimension. The Dimension tool stays active. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls. In this exercise. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 9.8. created a new dimension style. s s s Select the far left. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes .

You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. There are no annotations visible. In the Project Browser. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In the datasets folder.rvt. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Settings s 109 . In order to do this. 3. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. 2. Notice the door and window tags. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1.

In the Project Browser. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. On the Manage tab. Click OK. 8. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Double-click to open it.Standards and Building Codes . You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Model Categories tab. click Project Information. Click Rename. 7. 9. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 5. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 6. Click OK to update the display of this view. In the Project Browser.4. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 1. Settings panel.

Click New Sheet. Rightclick. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click OK. Click OK. Settings s 111 . click Edit. 2. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. highlight the title block displayed in the list. In the Value column of Project Address. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. You can also enter the address of your school. Enter the address as shown. or supply your own values: Click OK. 3.Add a Sheet 1. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.) 3. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window.

change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Click Apply.4.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Add a View to the Sheet 1. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. 5. In the Identity Data and Other sections. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.

4. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 3. Right-click. Select Deactivate View. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Settings s 113 . 2. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Click Activate View. Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view.

s Placed a view on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Added a sheet.5. Finish the move. The Scale updates in the title block. The view updates on the sheet. Close the file without saving. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Place the cursor 7. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. deselect it. 6. you: select it. of the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. click New > Titleblock.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 2. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. It opens to the Recent Files window. A copy of the 11 x 8. 4. On the application menu.rft. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Start Revit Architecture. Click Open. 3.5. Settings s 115 .5 title block template opens. This is one of the longer exercises. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Select A-11x8.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Landscape. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. s Accept the Sample Value. Add a label for Sheet Number. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. On the Quick Access toolbar. 12.rfa. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. Save the title block as A . select Drawn By. you created a title block using a template file. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a label for Checked By. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 13. 15. Right-click. Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. click Save to save the title block.Standards and Building Codes . 14. s Click Add.9. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Click Zoom to Fit. 10. 11. click Close. Your teacher may specify another location.

The title block appears in the graphics window. Settings s 125 . The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. In the Recent Files window. 2. and then load a custom title block into your project. Highlight the title block and click OK. Click Open. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. On the View tab. Locate your title block. Insert a Title Block 1. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. you create a new project file. click New to create a new project using the default template. 5. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 3. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 4. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks.

enter your instructor's name. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK. s For Drawn By. 3. 2. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter your name. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. The parameters on the title block will update as shown.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. On the Properties palette. Select the title block. In this exercise. 5. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 4. you a created a new project file. Click OK. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Settings panel. click Project Information.Standards and Building Codes . s For Checked By. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. enter Student Project Unit 3. On the Manage tab. Click OK. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date.

and then load them like families. settings. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. In the New Project dialog box. select Project Template. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. such as 3D and plan views. a dimension style. and geometry from the template. and the units for your custom template. angles. In this exercise. including how the rendered image looks. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. click New > Project. 2. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. you define the title block. s Families: Load in families you use most often. On the Insert tab. Create a Template In this exercise. There are various settings you can define for your template. and slope angle. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. On the application menu. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . in addition to predefined wall types. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Click OK. 3. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. you create a new project file. 1.

128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Landscape. Set the units for the template. Click OK twice. create a Dimension Style. You create a custom dimension style. click Settings panel > Project Units.4. 6. Click OK. For Name. 7. Next. click Duplicate. 9. Open the title block A . 10. There will be no visible change.Standards and Building Codes .rfa. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 8. Click the Length field in the Format column. enter 3/16" Verdana. On the Manage tab. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Annotate tab. 5.

Rightclick.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 12. Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Select the A . select Sheets (All). Settings s 129 . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 14. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 15.11. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. In the Project Browser. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Click New Sheet. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.

The title block updates. Click OK. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Save the file name as A-English template.16. title block. and units that you defined.Standards and Building Codes .rte. as well as dimension style and units. Save your project template in your class project folder. In this exercise. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. 17. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. or new combinations of existing materials. abstract format. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

s Create dimensions. 1:12 c. s Change lineweight. 1:32 5. s Create labels. a. Metric d. s Create a template.05 c. True b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A. is defined as what? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. A particular physical quantity. NCTM d. s Change dimension colors.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Using AIA Standards. An architect b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. NCSESA 2. S. 1:3 b. P. you learned to: s Set units in a file. UBC c. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. a.02 d. English c. a. s Create a title block. AIA b. A. and symbols used in drawing? a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. General Questions 1. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". False 3. A unit 4. s Create a text style. s Create a dimension style.Standards and Building Codes . 1:24 d.02 b. s Create text. dimension styles.

a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. To change the scale of a view. a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. False 4. False 6. Application menu > Properties b. Wall midpoints d. Wall faces b. dimensions snap to: a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. To create a new sheet. True b. Wall centerlines c. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. True b. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. By default. you use: a. Point offsets 3. you click: a. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To set the units in a project. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. In Revit Architecture.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. Lesson Plan 1. 2. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 6. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Evaluate Students.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 3. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 4.

Describe platform framing and balloon framing.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. them. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or filling in between. their construction and materials. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.Walls . and protect its interior spaces. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. List the different types of occupancy. separate. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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This temporary dimension controls the wall length. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. an angular dimension displays.Brick on Mtl. To modify a dimension. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. As you continue to move the cursor. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. It will not print.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Walls s 151 . Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . 5. click it to open an edit field. but it disappears when you begin another action. Stud. a dashed line displays.3. Click to set the endpoint. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. 4. Expand the Type Selector list. indicating wall length. After you create the wall. Select the Single Line option. Clear the Chain option. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. the dimension updates incrementally. Enter 10.

enter 7. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays.6. Click to start the next wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Press ENTER. On the Modify | Walls tab. Set the Detail Level to Medium. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Create panel. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. Depending on your zoom in the view. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Select panel. click Modify to stop placing walls. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. 7. 8. click Create Similar. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation.Walls . Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click the wall. click the Detail Level icon. the controls may sit on top of one another. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the View Control Bar. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. After setting the vertical wall's direction.

the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. 10. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Notice that two dimensions display. Click Modify. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Also. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.9. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Select the right vertical wall. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Walls s 153 . You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. an alignment line displays. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length. Because you drew the wall from up to down.

Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. click Wall. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 13.Walls . This is the same as clicking Modify. 12. On the Home tab. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Click Cancel. Sketch the walls as shown. When using the Chain option. Repeat. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls.11. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Select the lower vertical wall. 15. 14. 16. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click. Select Chain on the Options Bar. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Build panel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper.

Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Click Create Similar again. 19. After clicking the second end. Clear the Chain option. Walls s 155 . Notice that both upper and lower walls shift.18. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. In this exercise. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. 17. 20. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Zoom to Fit. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR.rvt. Click Modify.

Do the same for the vertical wall. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. align. trim. 2. This exercise illustrates how to split. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. The cursor changes to a razor blade. fillet. 4. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. You now remove the upper right corner. Click Modify. To do this.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. you first split the walls at the intersections. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. and extend walls.rvt from the previous exercise.Walls . Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Split Walls 1. Both split walls are shown below. 3. Only part of the wall highlights.

click Create Similar. You can also click the flip control. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Enter 5'. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise.Fillet Walls 1. 2. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Walls s 157 . click Undo and repeat the steps. Modify panel. click Delete. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). select Radius. 4. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Create panel. If you make a mistake. On the Options Bar. Click Fillet Arc. On the Modify | Walls tab. 3. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 5. On the Modify | Wall tab. Select any wall.

You align the wall in the next steps. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 2.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.Walls . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. The Wall tool is still active.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Place an interior wall as shown. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. 3. select Basic Wall: Interior .

The Wall Trim Tool 1. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The length is not critical. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Click to create a wall. Walls s 159 . To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s On the Options Bar. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain. Pull the cursor straight up.4. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment.

s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 6. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 2. 3. This will extend to the border. 5. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. The length is not critical. 4. Select the vertical wall as shown. The walls can cross. This will be the border.Walls . The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the two interior walls in turn.

you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. fillet. and trim.7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt. In this exercise. align. Walls s 161 .

The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. click Edit Type. The Modify tool is active by default.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 1. 2. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3.Walls . A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Select the Exterior wall as shown. and vary in cost. satisfy different requirements.

When you are finished. 8. Click Insert twice. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2.4. s Click the arrow at the right. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 5. s Click Down twice. s Click the number of Layer 3. s Select Finish 1 [4]. s Click Up. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Add two additional layers to the wall. has a Function you can edit. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. For Name. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Every layer of a wall. Walls s 163 . click Edit in the Structure value field. 6. 7. enter 8" Insulated Stud. the wall structure should be as shown. except Core Boundary. To edit the structure of the wall. Click OK.

select Finishes . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 13. s Set the Material to Finishes .9.Walls . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. Modify the Function. s Set the Material to Wood . 11. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. which displays plan or section views.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. 12.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Stud Layer.Exterior . Material. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 10.

expand the Families branch. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. On the Properties palette. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 16. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view.14. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. 17. Walls s 165 . Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. select Medium. Click Apply to update the view. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. In the Project Browser. From the Detail level list. 15.

Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Close the file without saving. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You opened an existing file.18. defined a new wall structure. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 19. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Right-click 8" Exterior. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. From the Type Selector list. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. In this exercise. 20. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls .

a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a decorated interior surface.rvt. You can define a wall type with these elements. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.Brick on Mtl. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. 3. wood rails. Stud walls as shown. The model opens in a 3D view. 2. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. for example. a structural mid-section. Select one of the Exterior . In this exercise. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top.

When you split a layer. To split a layer or region horizontally. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 6. 7. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Wall structures are Type Properties. You change the type. or you will lose your changes. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. highlight one of the borders. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. To define the structure of the wall. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. You can assign different materials to regions. 8. In this exercise. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. As indicated in the dialog box title. If not already expanded. 5. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. either horizontally or vertically.Walls . Click Split Region. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can split regions into other regions.4. in the Structure value field. 1. You can set the sample height to any value. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 2. To split a layer or region vertically. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. so all instances of this type change. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. into regions. click Edit. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project.

4.3. In this case. Click to merge them. The upper split disappears. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Prehighlight a border between regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. since both regions are composed of the same layer. 2. 1. assign Layer 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click Merge Regions. Walls s 169 . Click to split the region into two parts. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. After merge.Brick layer. Click to merge the two layers. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. When you merge regions. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 3. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.

Click the temporary dimension text. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. indicating that it is modifiable.Walls . 3. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 1. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 3. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Click Insert. 4. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Change the value to 12. If you set the split offset down from the top. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Next.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. To create a new wall layer. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 2. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Press ENTER. instead of down. s Select the split line. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). In the Edit dialog box. Click again to return to the original position. The dimension text turns blue. you assign the material Masonry Brick . 2. click Modify. to the next parallel line. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. After a region is split. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". 1.

Change the Material to Masonry . The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 6. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Close the file without saving. 10. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. All walls of this type have been changed. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. as shown. because it is now the selected layer. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . 8. Click OK. Merge Region. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 5. 7. The preview changes appearance.4. When a layer is selected in the table.Brick Soldier Course layer. It immediately highlights in blue. Click OK. It also shows a thickness value. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. In this exercise. 9. Walls s 171 . Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Split Region. Modify. and Insert Layer tools.

ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. earth. and insulation.Walls . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. piping.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the ventilation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. the view.Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. and the amount of space you have inside your building. but also the natural lighting. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). and to protect property values.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. ft.Doors and Windows . if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.7 sq.

and how to position. In this unit. engineering. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. windows. and copy these elements. and furniture are defined in family files. and Language Arts. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Doors and Windows s 187 . Engineering. s Copy windows. Technology. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. how to load additional door and window families. technology. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and math standards.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Components such as doors. move. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. you learn how to place doors and windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Center a door in a wall. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

or 3D view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Once a door is placed. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. This can be done in a plan view. 3. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Build panel. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. To flip the door. 2.Doors and Windows . click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. click Door. On the Home tab. To reverse the swing.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. In other words. the door swing would be to the left side. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. When placing doors in a plan view. Add Doors 1. elevation view.

Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. walls. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. 2. Doors and Windows s 189 . select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80".Load Families 1. except for the Type Selector. Mode panel. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. The display does not change. on the Modify | Place Door tab. With the Door command active. 3. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. click Load Family.rfa. Click Open. and windows into project files. From the Type Selector list. In order to keep file size small. Select the door Double-Panel 2.

Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary.Doors and Windows . 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. From the Type Selector. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.4. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.

change a temporary dimension.6. simply click it and enter the correct value. If you place a door in the wrong location. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Remember. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. To Doors and Windows s 191 . or by using the swing control arrows.

7. Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .rvt.

elevation view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. On the Home tab. the outside of the window is to the left side. or 3D view. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Open Unit5_doors. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To face the outside of the window to the other side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. click Modify and select the window. click Window. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. When placing windows in a plan view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. 2. approach the wall from the right side. Add Windows 1. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. From the Type Selector. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Build panel.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. You can place windows in a plan view.

Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. placed doors. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and placed windows. loaded a door family. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Window tags do not number in sequence.3. In this exercise. you opened an existing project.Doors and Windows . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5. You do not need to add dimensions.rvt. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Place seven more windows as shown. 4.

Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. On the Annotate tab. and modify the wall. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. 4. Dimension panel. place a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. wall. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. window. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. click Aligned. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. you open an existing project file. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. 1. 3. constrain it to be centered in a wall. and so on. s Align and modify walls.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise.rvt. 2.

This means that if one wall shifts. The walls are now aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 5. Notice the symbol.s s s s Click the left wall.Doors and Windows . the other wall will remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Align Walls 1. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click the center of the door. Click the right wall. 2. Click the lock icon to enable it. 6. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The door changes location. Click it and it changes as shown. Select the upper wall first.

Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Dimensions display below it. Right-click.) The dimension value is now shown. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 3. The walls shift and remain aligned. Doors and Windows s 197 .4. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Change the dimension to 16. 5. Clear the EQ Display value. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.

Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Click Zoom to Fit. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. In this exercise. Right-click. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you placed a continuous dimension. 7.Doors and Windows .rvt.6.

Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 2. click Create Similar. 4. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3.rvt. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Create panel. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 199 . On the Modify | Windows tab. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 1. especially if there are many different types.

3. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Modify panel. 4. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The window is copied. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. click Copy. Select the window you just placed. The window will change appearance. 2.Doors and Windows .Copy Windows 1. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. On the Modify | Windows tab.

6. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.5.

cold. The stability of glass in response to wind. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. flat glass is a recent invention. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. heat.Doors and Windows .

s Align a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. 32" b. If a room is used for sleeping. Custom 3. 30" c. s Copy a door or window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 32" d. a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 34" 4. False 2. 36" c. s Position a door or window. 40" d. General Questions 1. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. Standard b. 28" b. True b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building.

Select the door. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Select the door. Click Door Properties. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click the appropriate blue arrows. b. False 5. Right-click. The center snap 7. Copy 8.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. 4. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. False 2. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To center a door or window in a wall. Select the door. you use ________. True b. Insert d. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Load from Library b. To change the location of a door or window. True b. Select the door. Offset c. Click Flip Direction. b. Use door grips to reposition. Click Door Properties. True b. Clone b. d. c. a. 6. A reference plane b.Doors and Windows . a. Load c. a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. you use: a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. d. Properties 3. c. you: a. Duplicate d. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Link c.

s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. Review stairs and railings. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 5. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 3. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. 6.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 2.

Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. stair and railing types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. List the different stair types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.

About Stairs and Railings s 207 .Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Technology. engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Then. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Once the actual riser height is determined.

The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. such as ice and snow. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Due to building code. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This saves space when changing direction.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.

Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .

of certain horizontal depth or run.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. and Language Arts. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. and spiral stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. s Modify stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. This lesson relates to technology.Stairs and Railings . You create stairs in a plan view. ramps. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. U-shaped stairs. As you move the cursor. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. and stairs. Technology. engineering. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. which includes elevators. For safety reasons. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. You can define straight runs. Engineering. In multistory buildings. or vertical circulation. The riser and run values update accordingly. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. s Add a railing. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Math (STEM). L-shaped runs with a landing. and math standards. s Create U-shaped stairs. or tread.

Before you create the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 217 . open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. 3. This enables you to place the stairs properly. On the Properties palette. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. From the courseware datasets folder. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This file is in metric units. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Zoom in Region to the lobby. you create stairs using a straight run.rvt.

Stairs and Railings . 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this case. Run is preselected.4. Circulation panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. On the Home tab. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. These tools are used to define your stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. click Stairs. you create a straight run. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs.

You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Select this intersection point to start your run. 9. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can also enter a distance of 4400. On the Mode panel. 8. You can continue to move the cursor up. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. If you have not fully created the run. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. the run footprint stops expanding.6. As you move the cursor up. 7. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 10. and then click to define the run of stairs. Revit displays the number of risers you created. select Finish (green check). To change the run dimension. Stairs and Railings s 219 .

You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.11. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . 12. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. To avoid overwriting the original file. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. you created and placed a straight run stair. 13. In this exercise. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. and switched to a 3D view. click application menu > Save As > Project. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.rvt. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.

Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Level 1. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Activate view Floor Plans.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. click Align. 2. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Edit panel. The stair is not centered on the landing. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. On the Modify tab.

select Wall centerlines.4. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. If you have a scroll mouse. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. The Align command remains active. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. 5. On the Options Bar. You can rotate your model to get a better view.Stairs and Railings . hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Click the center of the wall first. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. from the Prefer list.

enter Lobby Stairs. Graphics. s Click OK. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. As you prehighlight them. Hover the cursor over the railing. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. 8. expand Sections (Building Section). 7. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . and Dimensions subsections. On the Properties palette.6. click Edit Type. In the Project Browser. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Change Width to 1350. Select the stairs. s Click Duplicate. 9. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. s For Name. On the Properties palette. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. railings were created with the stairs. study the instance parameters under the Constraints.

Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Lobby Stair View.10. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .

s Select the stairs (not a railing). Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. In the Type Selector. 13. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Stairs and Railings s 225 . 14. Mode panel. you change the shape of the stairs. Delete this line. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Next. click Edit Sketch.12. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Click it to select it. s Zoom in on the stairs. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The stair changes to the run sketch. The railings change. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch.

To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 16. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to place the arc. Click Modify. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 18.15. 17. On the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . click Boundary. 19. To place the second arc endpoint. click the left end of the top riser. s On the Modify panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.

20. Click CenterEnds-Arc. the arc center point. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary. This will define a rounded first step. For the third point. On the Draw panel. Next. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. click Riser. Click to exit the Mirror command.21.

rvt. In this exercise. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Open the {3D} view to see the results. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . On the Mode panel. 23. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing.22. click Finish.

s s Sketch a Railing 1. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools.rvt from the previous exercise.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you sketch the plan view path. Zoom into the landing area as shown. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Stairs and Railings s 229 . the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. The completed exercise To create a railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. This is typically done in plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Click Modify. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you need to define a path for the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Therefore. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. In this case. 3. 2. For simple railings. Select the right side railing.

on the Modify | Railings tab. select Chain. 5.Stairs and Railings . Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. On the Draw panel. To set the exact distance. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 7. Once the railing is selected. Mode panel. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. You do not need to add dimensions. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. click Line. s s On the Options Bar.4. The dimensions are shown as a guide. edit the temporary dimension. Then. click Edit Path. 6.

Delete your lines and try again. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. In this exercise. 8. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 9. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 231 .s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.

Create a Reference Plane 1. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.Stairs and Railings . 2. In this exercise. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. s On the Home tab. In a floor plan view. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Work Plane panel.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. you create a reference plane. set the Offset value to 850. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. s On the Options Bar. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.

6. 3. On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Matte 2. Click Edit Type. On the Home tab. Pull the cursor straight up. Dark Gray. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Click OK. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. enter Exit Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. For Name. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Circulation panel. 5. Click OK twice. 4. To start sketching the run.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. click Stairs. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.

Move the pointer to the right. enter 1925.7. with none remaining to be created. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Click to finish the stair run. 9. 8.Stairs and Railings . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Press ENTER. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to place the first run.

To remove the lines. On the View Control bar. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. 11. you select Continue to return the sketch. You want to inspect your stairs. it is because you have overlapping lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . You temporarily hide the walls in the view. If you get an error message. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. 2. Use Hide/Isolate 1. but they are hidden behind walls. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Select the two walls of the stair tower. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Remove the additional lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click Finish Stairs. Click Finish Stairs again.10. On the Stairs panel.

3. Select the stairs so they highlight. you learned to create a reference plane. 2. Reset the Display 1.rvt. The exterior walls reappear. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. On the Properties palette.Stairs and Railings . The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 6. Finally. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The walls are now hidden. On the View Control Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 5. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. This is a multistory stair. 4. Zoom in to see your stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair. 3. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. ramps. escalators. STEM Connections s 237 .

Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Include landings as required by your local building code.Stairs and Railings . this openness makes them fire hazards. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. and deliver riders without wait time. smoke guards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. but they can also be highly decorative. They cost less. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.

30" b. you learned to: s Create stairs. and all treads should be the same run. 180 degrees 3. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 45 degrees c. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. b. 90 degrees d. 32" c. 25 degrees b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. a. s Modify stair boundaries. True b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. False 2. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 40" 4. True b. s Create railings. 36" d. General Questions 1.

you use the _______ option. a. a. Manage d. True b. Boundary lines. True b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. a. To create railings on stairs without railings. risers 3. Align Railing d. You can apply materials to different stair components. Insert 2. riser lines c. Run. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . that is.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a. Treads. risers b. Pick New Host b. risers and treads. Home b. a. Line b. Attach Railing c. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Rectangle c. Fasten Railing 5.Stairs and Railings . Modify c. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Circle 4. riser d. Railings. Arc d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. False 6.

Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Place gutters. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 9. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. s Define a roof structure. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 6. (Student) 8. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 7. Evaluate Students. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 10. (Student) 4. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) 2.

you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. run. roof types. It addresses roof construction. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Identify the different roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. and downspouts.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. gutters. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. tiles. and pitch of a sloped roof. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . After completing this lesson. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building.Roofs . as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Calculate the rise.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Rake: The inclined. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. This lesson relates to science. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. technology. and Language Arts. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Technology. About Roofs s 243 . Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

and low maintenance roofing material. both low and steep. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Sloped roofs. and sun. resistance to wind and fire. You can use them for many different applications.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. the roofing pattern. and color. are designed for shedding water and snow. texture. texture. They come in several types. and if visible. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. fire-resistant. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. maintenance. durability. maintenance. snow. and if visible. the roofing pattern. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. and color. These are used more often on upscale homes. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. brands. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resistance to wind and fire. resulting in at least one textured face. and sunlight. About Roofs s 245 . s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and colors. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. rot. durability. as well as how effective a shelter it is. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections.

Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night.Roofs . galvanized steel. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. reinforced plastic. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. and so forth). 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. quality. galvanized steel. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. They are fire-resistant. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). odor. durable. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. consider such factors as cost. special characteristics (for example. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. choose a type that will suit your needs. zinc alloy. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. and require little maintenance. Therefore. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. fiberglass. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. Unfortunately. treatment for insects. This same roof on a clear. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. and insulating capability (R-value). or corrugated structural glass. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof.

Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. the requirements for underlayment. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing.Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

These are commonly used in French-style houses. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Many barns use gambrel roofs. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .Shed One basic face with a slope. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.

Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. run. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. where as. The run value is typically equal to 12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 .

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 and 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 on 12. 7 to 12. 7-12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . try to specify standard roof pitch.When designing a roof.Roofs .

Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. water. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Once you create a roof. snow. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Create a hip roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Create various roof types. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. or roof overhangs. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. and fascia. you can add gutters. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Assign roof structure and materials. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. dormers. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roofs s 255 . s Create a roof fascia. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. that convey rainwater to drains. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. To create a roof by face. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. or ice. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. often supporting a gutter. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. or eaves. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. soffits. s Place gutters.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint.

Roofs . and math standards. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Click OK to continue. 2. 3..rvt. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. select the Name option. you create an extruded roof. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. To create an extruded roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. In the Work Plane dialog box. 4. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.

Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Ref Plane. The section view should display as shown. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 4. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.5. select Section: Section 1. s Use the image below for guidance. 6. Click Open View. 2. Draw panel. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Go To View dialog box. 3. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.Roofs . click Line. On the Work Plane panel. Before sketching the roof's profile. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0".

s Select the new dimension.6. s Click the EQ toggle. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click Modify. 5. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using a positive offset value. Roofs s 259 . sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using the image below for guidance.

Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 2. enter Horizontal. click Chain. you can label them. Click Modify. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Right-click. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 1. 6. for Name. The name displays when you select the reference plane. On the Mode panel. 4.Roofs . Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Click OK. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 5. s On the Options Bar. 7. 3. click Finish (green check). Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. On the Properties palette. click Line.

12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9. Switch to a 3D view.8.

Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . carefully select the far right roof edge. 2. Edit Geometry panel. click Join/Unjoin Roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Select the edge of the roof as shown. This is a two-step process.Roofs . On the Modify tab. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 3. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Using the images for guidance. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 1.

3. open the view Sections: Section 1. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. 2. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. On the Modify Wall panel. Select both walls.4. On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. Roofs s 263 . Select the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. This will join the wall tops to the roof. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. To select both walls together. However. Trim Walls 1.

rvt. Switch to a 3D view. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. The roof now looks correct. In this exercise.4. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5.Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

From the drop-down list. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. In this exercise. from existing walls. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . you create a gable roof using a footprint. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Unit7_first_roof. 4. Click Yes. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. a dialog box is displayed. Build panel. so you look straight down as in a plan. On the Home tab. by Footprint. 1. Because you are in a 3D view. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The inner loops define openings in the roof.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. 3. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. select Garage Roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on.

Roofs .5. click Pick Walls. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 6. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 8. If you place a line on the wrong side. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Use the image below for guidance. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s On Options Bar. 7.0". select the vertical wall on the left. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. clear the Defines slope option. click Defines Slope. Next. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.

defining lines separately.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 1. Other controls also display. By default. It becomes an editable field. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the left slope defining line. Select the right side roof line. Click Modify. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. The new roof displays. Click the 9"/12" text. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. To complete the roof. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. change the value to 6"/12". click Finish. 2. Roofs s 267 . When a roof line is set to slope defining. click Yes. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 3. Change this value to 6"/12". roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line.

Roofs . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt. In this exercise.4. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.

click to select them. 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Roofs s 269 . When all of the walls prehighlight. On the Options Bar. To chain-select all of the walls. On Home tab. 4. set the overhang to 1' 0". click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view. Clear Defines Slope. 2.

Right-click. Zoom into the chimney area. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Roofs . 2. verify the 0' 0" Offset.Create a Roof Opening 1. 3. click Rectangle. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. As an alternate. 4. On the Draw panel. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Using the image for guidance. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Options Bar.

Click Modify.Add Slope Lines 1. 3. Select the uppermost. 2. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. The slope indicator displays. 6. Click Finish. As in the previous exercise. 4. 5. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Select the left lower horizontal line. Roofs s 271 . select the Defines Slope. horizontal line. select Defines Slope. click Yes.

Roofs .rvt. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7. 8. attached walls. and chimney penetration. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise.

The completed exercise On the Home tab. 2. 4. Select Defines Slope. Create the Roof 1.rvt. Build panel. set Overhang to 2' . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the area shown. Roofs s 273 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. you create a hip roof.0". 3. The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select the three walls shown in the image. 5.

Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Click OK. 2. click Line.Roofs . change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Finish to complete the roof. Switch to a 3D View. s On the Draw panel. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. 3. 6. To close the roof sketch. In addition.7. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.0". Right-click the ViewCube. On the Properties palette. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. s s Clear Defines Slope. Raise the Roof 1. you use the Line tool.

To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 5. 2. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 7. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The file should open to a 3D view. 6. click Pick Walls. 4.rvt. Clear Defines Slope. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. On the Draw panel. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. click Line. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 3. Roofs s 277 . Create a Shed Roof 1.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise.

9. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Select the lower. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 13.8. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 11. 10. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". On the Properties palette. Right-click the line.Roofs . 12. Click Modify.

Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.14. Roofs s 279 . 15. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. 17. Finish the Roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Switch to a 3D view. Click OK. 18. In this exercise. 16.

On the Properties palette. Select the Roof. On the menu bar. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. 5. Open the Default 3D view. select Level 3.Roofs . 2. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.rvt. You see four levels defined in the model. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Activate the view North Elevation. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Cutoff Level list. The roof updates. 4.

11. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 10. Roofs s 281 . Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 8.6. To set the slope for the new roof. 12. 9. On the Home tab. Zoom and spin to see your model.rvt. 13. click Pick Lines. on the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. In this exercise. Select the inner rectangle as shown. On the Draw panel. 7. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. set the slope value to 3"/12". Open Floor Plan: Level 3. select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. Finish the Roof.

The file should open to a 3D view. 3.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Select the main roof over the house.Roofs .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. 2. thereby reducing energy consumption. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt. In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 1. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.

click Edit. Roofs s 283 . For Name. Select the roof over the garage. click Duplicate. 4. s Click OK. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. click Edit Type. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. For Structure Value. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Click Insert to add a layer. Select Layer 2 as shown. It is a generic roof type. 3. 2.Define a Roof Structure 1. enter Clay Tile. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette.

284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Click OK.rvt.Roofs . Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 8. In this exercise. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 7. 6. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. select Model. Click OK twice.

4. 2. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. or for decoration. to support a gutter. 3. On the Insert tab. In the Open dialog box. Roofs s 285 . On the Home tab. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Click Open.rvt. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.rfa. click Roof > Fascia. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.

enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click OK. For Name. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.Paint Finish Ivory. for Profile. Set the Material value to Metal . Matte. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . Click Duplicate. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.5.

8.rvt. Roofs s 287 . 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.

The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. The completed exercise 4. Place Gutters In this exercise. Click OK. you add gutters to a building. select Metal Aluminum. In the Type Properties dialog box.Bevel: 5" x 5". 6. Click OK. 3.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. under Profile parameter. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. On the Home tab. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Under Material parameter.Roofs . s Click Duplicate. 1. click Edit Type. 2. select Gutter . so as not to detract from the design of the building. For Name. 5. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. click Roof > Gutter.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 11. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. In this exercise. Roofs s 289 . If you click the interior face. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.rvt.7. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 9. 8. 10. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. you attached gutters to a roof. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Segments will clean up at corners.

heat.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . water. and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m.

s Place fascia. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. the run is always 12. s Define a roof structure. When referring to roof slope.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. General Questions 1. High d. a.Roofs . s Place gutters. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a. a. Low b. True b. Gable b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. False 2. Hip c. True b. Medium c. None of the above 3. Gambrel d. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Shed 4.

profile. 10. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. a. b. Slope c. Change the direction of the slope. you use: a. Footprint. profile 2. True b. Roofs can be created using ______. lines c. DEL d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Cut/Lengthen c. Footprint b. Sketch c. Expand/Contract 6. pick d. A compound roof contains layers. extrusion. Change the direction of the roof. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. sketch. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Defines Slope c. Add Slope b. Walls. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. d. Create an opening. Extrusion d. Trim/Extend b. Create Slope d. Activate Slope 9. a. face b. c. a. Material 8. extrusion. False Summary/Questions s 293 . a. True b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. a. False 7. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. TAB b. ENTER 4. Footprint. Face 3. Footprint b. place a check mark next to: a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. False 5. Walls d. To add a slope to a roofline. ______ or _______. Sketch. a. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Turn slopes on or off. SHIFT c. True b.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create slope annotations. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create material annotations. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.

and wall conditions at that particular slice location. In a residential building. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. cabinetry. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. floor. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. After completing this lesson. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Sections are used to examine the roof.Sections and Elevations . and tool racks. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and special equipment. bathrooms. the location of special equipment. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. the kitchen. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. In a commercial structure.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Engineering. engineering. and math standards. This lesson relates to science.

s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. framing. and are properly cross-referenced. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. across its narrower dimension. and foundation plans. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. on the long axis of the building. t Cross or transverse sections.Sections and Elevations . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. such as framing connections and foundation details. full. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

such as doors and windows. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. For larger elevations. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s The position relationship between different elements.

the titles assigned (North." Mfr. and so forth. South. or methods of installation. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. quantity. this is reversed. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. The size of the object is listed first. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. With interior elevations. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. and then the name of the material. cars. however. bushes. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. shadows. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Therefore. East. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. followed by any additional information about spacing. You may. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Unnecessary Information Shades. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . people. For example. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. For siding. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. For a wood structure. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions.

Sections and Elevations . Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. The trim is usually glued into place. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. chamfers. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. This is usually done using a topset. dishwashers. Molding is usually made of plaster. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. tile. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and special equipment such as toilets. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. casements. shelf arrangements. doors and direction of door swings. coving. or MDF. This is more costly than regular overlay. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". which is a formed pressboard. Molding is normally decorative in nature. It can also be used around doorways and windows. windows. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. and other appliances. flush overlay. other openings. It may have curves. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. doors. Hinges are concealed. wood. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. or linoleum) and the wall. or decorative patterns. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". or a baseboard. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. and types of finish materials used. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and materials used. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. and lip. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins.

Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . and a section symbol on all plans. s Create an interior elevation. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Change the section head. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. This automatically creates the section view in the model. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. which you can then add to a sheet.

You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Engineering. like an elevation. Once created. To review the list of standards for each lesson. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. technology. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow.Sections and Elevations . This lesson relates to science. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. A section is a horizontal view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Technology. and Language Arts.

Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. or other section view. provided its crop region intersects the view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. elevation. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. By resizing the crop region.Sections and Elevations . you can more closely control what displays in the section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Once you create the detail section. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Slope is also referred to as pitch. such as anchor bolts and siding. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Details are crucial for effective construction. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. So. In a set of construction documents. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add breaklines as needed. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Add structural details.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. In the example shown. the slope of this roof is 2:12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add detail notes.

Sections and Elevations . try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The Section command is available from the View tab.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. click Section. Create panel. 3. The completed exercise 6. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 2. Create a Section View 1. 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. On the View tab. Open the file ADA_Sections. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.

s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. and it has control grips to resize it. On the Properties palette. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. With the section line selected. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. 2. Section Properties 1. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The actual location is not critical.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 3. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . This is called the crop region. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated.

Clear Crop Region Visible. When you drew the section line. In this exercise. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 6. 8. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit8_section1.rvt. you automatically created a section view.4. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The section view updates. The view is listed in your Project Browser. 5. 7. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Sections and Elevations s 313 . Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible.

Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. click Load Family. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Click Open to load the family.No Arrow. On the Manage tab. Load from Library panel.rfa. click Duplicate.Filled. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.Sections and Elevations . Section Head . 5. 2. They include Section Head . In this exercise.1 point Filled. 4. 6. Settings panel. 3. Select Section Head-Open.rvt. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. For Name. enter Open Arrow. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Several section head families are available. 7. The view does not change. On the Insert tab. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and Section Head . Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box.

you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. select Section Head . Select the section line. click Edit Type.8. 14. For Section Head. Click OK. 10. In this exercise. 12. Click OK. Save as Unit8_section_open. 9. enter Open Arrow. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. The section head updates to the new head type. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.rvt.Open. 13. Click Duplicate. select Open Arrow. 11. For Name. Sections and Elevations s 315 . In the Section Tag field.

Create panel. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Use the image below for guidance. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. select the border of the callout. 6.Sections and Elevations . To reposition the callout head. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. This is a building section.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 2. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. On the Options Bar. 4. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 3. On the View tab. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 5. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. click Callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown.

3. 2. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. select Chain. as shown. detail components. region patterns. 1. Line is selected automatically. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 8. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Options Bar. but not strongly.rvt.7. On the Draw panel. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. click Region > Filled Region. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Trace over the lower left corner of the view. On the Annotate tab. You can add detail lines. On the Properties palette. Detail panel. 4. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly.

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. 7. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Select the upper and right side lines. For Name. Click OK. On the Properties palette. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.5. enter Earth. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.

Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 1. Sections and Elevations s 319 . From the Fill Pattern list.8. the pattern becomes visible.Section. On the Annotate tab. click Load Family. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Mode panel. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 3. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Click OK. Detail panel. 2. click Component > Detail Component. 9. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Click Open.rfa. the filled region may appear as solid fill. If you zoom in closer. Detail panel. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Finish (green check). Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

Sections and Elevations . 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 5. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Click OK.4. In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

6. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Sections and Elevations s 321 . select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. From the Type Selector. 7. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector list. select Plywood. Using the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8.

Click Modify. From the Type Selector. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Use the image below for guidance.9. Select the vertical plywood. Click Component > Detail Component. 12. set the Thickness to 3/4". select anchor bolt. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 11. 10. Place the component similarly to the image below. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. This component represents the subflooring. On the Properties palette. The exact vertical placement is not critical. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.

Add another Detail Component.13. 14. On the Modify panel of the context tab. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Lap Siding. select Copy. On the Options Bar. select Multiple. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Use the image below for guidance. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Click Modify.

Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 2. From the Line Style Selector. click Detail Line. Start at the end of the siding. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .15. Save the file. Add Detail Lines 1.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 16. select Wide Lines. Detail panel.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Still using Wide Lines. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 5. Zoom out.3.

6. Add Insulation 1. The wall display updates. Select the wall so it highlights. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Next. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 9. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. select the Material field in row 3. 2. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 8. identified as Wall material 1.Sections and Elevations . Click Edit in the Structure field. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 7. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Detail panel. Right-click. On the Annotate tab. Save the file. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Modify. click Insulation. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 10.

Sections and Elevations s 327 . From the Type Selector. click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Detail panel.2. On the Annotate tab. 3. 1. select Break Line. Your view should resemble the image shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.

7. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. detail lines. You place another breakline. To complete the detail. 6. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). 5. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. The view should resemble the image shown. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. In this exercise.4. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and detail components to it. Place the breakline as shown.Sections and Elevations . The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file.

To add notes. s Clear Annotation Crop. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 3. or methods of installation. 1. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The border around the view will disappear. quantity. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.rvt. weatherproofing. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. With nothing selected in the view. 2. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The size of the object is listed first.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.

Finally. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 5. On the Annotate tab. 10. 9. click Two Segments. From the Type list. click Text. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.4. 6. 12. On the Format panel. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. leader arrow as shown. R13. As you pull your cursor to the right. 8. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.Sections and Elevations . Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . insulation. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 7. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Text panel. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.4" WEATHERING. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Move the pointer up 11.

. 17. 15.C. Click off the text to finish the entry. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the baseboard. 16.13.C. 19. as the second line of text. . 14. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Sections and Elevations s 331 .C. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the interior wall.C. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. 20. Click ENTER to start a second line of text.TYPE X. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. is an acronym for On Center. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. O. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 18.. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Enter 5/8" GWB . Start the next text at the floorboard.

22. Click Modify. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 23. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 21. Click Zoom to Fit. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rvt. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click ENTER to start a second line. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Note: CONC signifies concrete.

5. 3.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. or elevation view. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Locate the A-Landscape. highlight Sheets. section. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. and locate the detail view on it. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.rvt. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Right-click. In this exercise. 2. Click Open. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In the Project Browser. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. The new sheet becomes the current view. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 6. 4. Highlight your title block. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click New Sheet. click Load.

Click the control at its left end. click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Both Level ends will move together. Select a Level Line. close to the crop border. 8. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.7. 9. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. click Show Crop Region. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view.Sections and Elevations . Drag it to the right.

Right-click. 11. In the Project Browser. Click Zoom to Fit. you: s Created a new sheet. highlight the new sheet.rvt. For Name. In this exercise. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. s Modified the label values in the title block. 13. 12. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Sections and Elevations s 335 . For Number. enter S. Click OK. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.10.301. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Click Rename. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.

four elevation views are included: north. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Click Zoom to Fit. east. When you create a project with a template. 5.Sections and Elevations . The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. s Add slope indication for roof.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation markers are now visible. It is defined by the green dotted line. s Add any necessary dimensions. Select Elevations. south. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. and west. Click OK. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 2. Open ADA_Elevations. 4. s Add material notes. Right-click. 6. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click the Annotations tab. 3. s Set the display for building components as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker.

clear Planting. 4. Next. 5. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 3. Sections and Elevations s 337 .2. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Click OK to exit the dialog box. clear Sections. On the Annotations tab. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Modelling tab. On the View Control Bar.

13.Sections and Elevations . 12. In the Type Properties dialog box. you activated an elevation view. It will be identified as Condo . 8. 10. click Edit Type. 11. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In Surface Pattern. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.7. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. select Edit in the Structure field. and modified the wall display characteristics. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Click the button that displays to select a material.Exterior Stucco. Select Sand. 9. Select the wall.rvt. modified its display. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. click to open the list. On the Properties palette.

In the Type Selector. or methods of installation. Set the Leader type to One Segment.rvt. Add a note for the stone wall. 3. quantity. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Sections and Elevations s 339 . you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The size of the object is listed first. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 2. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Add a note for the foundation. 5. 4.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Enter TX.

Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the roof.Sections and Elevations .6. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 7.rvt. Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 8.

You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 2. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Dimension panel. For Offset from Reference.rvt. select Triangle. click Spot Slope.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 1. 4. Sections and Elevations s 341 . from the Slope Representation list. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 5. 3. On the Annotate tab. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. enter 1/8". Click to select the roof line. On the Options Bar. 6. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown.

click Aligned.7. 11. 10. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 9. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. Click to select the roof line. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.Sections and Elevations . Dimension panel.

The west elevation now contains material notes. select wall breaks and levels. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and vertical dimensions. and dimensions for clarity. Arrange notes.12. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. 13. In this exercise. leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Sections and Elevations s 343 .rvt. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 14. slope indicators. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.

Click Find Referring Views. special closets. In the Project Browser. 3.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. In this exercise. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and cabinetry. Highlight the view. 2. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Right-click. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.Sections and Elevations . kitchens. Click Open View. equipment rooms. dimensions. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view.rvt. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. This view was already defined in the drawing.

Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. s s s s Click Duplicate. 6. click OK. On the Annotate tab. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. In the Name box. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Right-click. click Aligned. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 7. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Clear Use Project Settings. 5. Sections and Elevations s 345 .4. Dimension panel.

You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools. detail the interior section. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. In this exercise. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.9. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt.Sections and Elevations . 10. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. The direction the structure is facing. Show the relationships between elements. b. Walls c. Bathrooms and kitchens b. b. Cabinetry d. s Create a section view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. d. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The direction the viewer is facing. Not in Concrete b. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Either one. True b. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. such as north. c. Nobody in Charge d. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . is always the true orientation. s Create slope annotations. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. Not in Contract c. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. All of the above. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. All of the above 5. 2. it depends. s Create filled regions. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. General Questions 1. 4. s Create material annotations. False 3. Indicate the location of doors and windows.

Which elevation is it? a. The dotted line indicates: a. click Sheet Composition > View. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. d. Filled regions with hatch patterns d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. True b. West c. Sun and Shadow b. Click Add View. False 2. but not a 6. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. False 5. b and c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. a. The boundaries of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. 4. a. d. c. c. you use: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . b. True b. The Visual Style of the view. On the View tab. Element properties c. The height of the view. b. South d. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. East b. North 3. Right-click. The detail level of the view.Sections and Elevations .

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. s Load a schedule tag.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 3. 5. Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 6.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

About Schedules s 351 . Engineering. height. about the building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). technology. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. width. such as reference number. and thickness.

While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. However. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. There are different types of schedule tables. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. depending on the style of the architectural firm. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . the same primary information is included.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. Instance.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

Other letters are P for plumbing. Using the software.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. However. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. and A for appliances. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following image shows door. window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. hexagon.Schedules . many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Like schedules. A circle. E for electrical. these tags can be placed automatically or manually.

s Add room tags. This lesson relates to science. rooms. Math (STEM). Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. s Export a schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. s Create a room schedule. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. windows. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. hardware. and you can create your own schedules. materials. Technology. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Schedules s 355 . drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. equipment. technology. Project templates include preset schedules. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed.

s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Schedules . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.rvt. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. and you set the schedule to display totals. 2. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.

and Width. On the View tab. In Available Fields. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Schedules s 357 . 4. Type Mark. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Add Count. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box.s Window Tag 5. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 3. Select Windows from the list. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Level. 7. Height. Click Add. select Comments. 6. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties.

A view opens with the schedule you just defined. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Select the fields.8. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.Schedules . 9. from left to right. Click OK to finish the schedule.

Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. select Type Mark. but without any useful calculations yet. Schedules s 359 . Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Select Blank Line. 1. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 3. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. 2. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. From the Sort By list.

you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 2. in the Then By sorting field. click the schedule name. Notice how the schedule has changed. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 1. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The schedule still does not show totals by window type.Schedules . you can have the schedule report this. click Edit. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Rather than make a manual calculation. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. clear Itemize Every Instance. select Level. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in this case). for Sorting/ Grouping. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. On the Properties palette. 4. In the Project Browser. 3. In order to calculate the total number of windows.

and Totals. Schedules s 361 . From the list.rvt. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Footer.5. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. The totals for each window type now display. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. select Title. for Sorting/ Grouping. s Set the schedule to display category totals. 6. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. click Edit 7. Count. Save as Unit9_window_schedule.

click Room > Room. 3. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. On the Home tab. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Schedules . and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. occupancy. 5. Locate the file named Room Tag. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. floor type. Room & Area panel. 4. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click Open. Room size. 2. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. ceiling type. In this exercise.rvt. click Overwrite the Existing Version. based on the amount of space in each room.

The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Schedules s 363 .In the Type Selector. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Room & Area panel. click Room > Room Separation Line. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. On the Home tab. and in the hall as shown. 7. a total of 7. 6. Click Modify to terminate the placement. 8. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room.

On the Room & Area panel. Click Modify. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The area value for Room 7 updates. click Room. 12. Select Room #2. 10. The room tag updates. s Change the word Room to Manager.9.Schedules . 11. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click the Room text. An edit box activates. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Place a room tag below the room separation line. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 13.

rvt. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects.14. In this exercise. 15. s Changed room tag field values. Schedules s 365 . Save the file as Unit9_rooms. enter Sales. for Name. s Added a room separation. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. you: s Loaded a room tag. On the Properties palette.

Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.rvt. and Area to be included in your schedule. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Name. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 6. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. select Number. Set the Sort By value to Number. The completed exercise 5. In the Available Fields pane. Click Add--> after each selection. Click OK. 2. 3. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Create a Room Schedule 1. enter Square Footage Report. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. For Name. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 4.Schedules . Create panel. The New Schedule dialog box displays.

Click the Formatting tab. s Set Alignment to Right. s Click Field Format. s Set Units to Square Feet. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the Heading to No. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 10. s Select Calculate Totals. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Number field. Select Title and Totals from the list. Click OK. Highlight the Area field. 8. 9. clear Use Project Settings. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. In the Format dialog box. Select Grand Totals.7.

11. In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules . 12. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.

Note the formatting that has been applied. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. You can then use this file in other applications. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Schedules s 369 . Click OK. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 3. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 4. Browse to a directory to save your report. 5. Double-click it to open it. On the application menu. locate the file you created. 6. The file is created. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.txt) file. you export the room schedule to a text file. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 2. Click Save.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Using your Windows Explorer.rvt.

Close the text file. 8.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. In this exercise.

True b. A list of sheets used in a project.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. b. None of the above. you learned to: s Create a schedule. a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. s Export a schedule. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . s Load a schedule tag. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Questions 1. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Instance 3. What is a schedule table? a. True b. a. Quantity c. s Place a schedule tag. d. Type b. False 4. Matrix d. c. s Reformat a schedule. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. 2.

use the ____ . a. Manage tab 3. Application menu d. View c. Modify 2. Annotate tab b. CSV d.Schedules . Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. XLS c. Home d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. TXT b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Annotate b. View tab c. a. To export a schedule.

3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. Review Visualization.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. 5. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students.

Visualization . s Export an FBX file. s Place a camera. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. or camera on a path. Technology.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Play a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Assign materials. After completing this lesson. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. s Apply shading to a view. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. s Create a raytrace rendering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. The animation file can be played in any media player. Finally. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough.

Assign materials. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on animations. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Open Unit2_custom_family. s Make a camera view the active view. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1.rvt. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. courseware datasets. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s s 2. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering.

5. Stud. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select any exterior wall. The walls now display layers of materials. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Select one of the exterior walls. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.3. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. If you do not see any change in the wall display. The wall display updates. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Right-click. 4. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 6.Visualization .

10. you can: s s s 9. On the Properties palette. 8. Select the toposurface object. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Visualization s 377 . Right-click. Repeat the process for the windows. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Click OK. In addition to using the control arrows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click Change wall's orientation. Select Site: Grass. Select walls. Open the Default 3D view.7.

Select the file name. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. 2. click Export > FBX. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Autodesk (*. In the Select File to Import dialog box. On the application menu.FBX). If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 12. you have completed this exercise. Open 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.11. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated.Visualization . Select the Roof. Depending on your system resources. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Save the file as Unit10_Export.rvt. and click Open. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Click OK in any notices and warnings. 3. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. click Import > Import. Export the Model to FBX 1. for Files of type. On the application menu. Note the file location. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.

If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. you have completed this exercise. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.4. If necessary. Close the file without saving. Visualization s 379 . Export the Model to DWG 1. Open or return to Revit. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 3. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. There is no way to update it from Revit. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. click Next. On the application menu. Note the file location.rvt. Depending on your system resources.

Click Open. click References > File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export. 7.4. If necessary.rvt. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 9. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.max. 8.Visualization . On the application menu. Open or return to Revit. Close the File Link Manager. click File. Select two windows as shown. Select the file name. In the File Link Manager . The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. Open 3ds Max Design. 6. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.

Save the file. Open the 3D view. In the dialog box. On the application menu. 12. The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 13.10. 11. Visualization s 381 . click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. The linked file updates. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .14. Open the File Link Manager. 15. Open the Files tab. The windows have changed. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Oriented walls and windows. s Close the File Link Manager. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. In this exercise. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.Visualization . s Changed a material definition. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.

Place a Camera 1.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. click Camera. If you place the camera too close to the model. and create a second rendering. change materials. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Open Unit10_Export. you place a camera in a model. add plantings to the model. generate a rendering. 3. Create panel. In this exercise. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. 2. as shown. On the View tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt.

Render Setup 1. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 6. Right-click. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. s s s s Open a floor plan view. If necessary. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Click Show Camera. click Show Rendering Dialog. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 7. Return to the perspective view. The camera perspective view opens.4. The camera will be visible. Open the Site view again. 5. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . select Very Few Clouds. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 2. On the View Control Bar.

Enhance the Model 1. 3. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open the Site view. Output Settings.30' approximately as shown. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. On the Massing & Site tab. Click Render. Model Site panel. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. 2.3. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . and Lighting. Accept the default settings for Quality. Open view 3D View 1. s Click Render. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. click Site Component. Visualization s 385 .

Revit places the image in its own view. In the Rendering dialog box. 2. 4. click Edit Type. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Materials list.Wood Shake. select Roofing . click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click Save to Project. Change Materials 1. 3. click Show the Model.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. 5. The model displays in the view. click OK. Select an exterior wall. On the Properties palette. In the Save to Project dialog box. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. 6. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Layer 1 Material field.4. 5. Select the roof.

10. Select the icon next to Masonry . Visualization s 387 . 8. 9. Click Replace. Click the Render Appearance tab. 7.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Edit in the Structure field.

s Placed site planting components in the model. These images are now available as options to present to a client. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. In this exercise. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 12.Brick Uniform Running Brown. 14. click Save to Project. s Created a raytrace setup. s Generated and captured a second render image. Save the file as Unit10_render. s Edited materials in model components. In the Rendering dialog box. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. click Render. Click OK. The new image is placed in its own view.11. 16. In the Rendering dialog box. 13. Select Masonry . s Generated and captured a render image. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 15.Visualization .

A walkthrough places a camera on a path. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. click to the left of the model as shown. 4. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s On the View tab. and exported individually. rendered. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. in a project model. s View the animation in a media player. s Edit the camera and path. In this exercise. s Right-click. 2.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Click Zoom Out (2x). or walkthroughs. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Each view. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s Right-click again. or frame. Open floor plan view Level 1. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Visualization s 389 . Open Unit10_render. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Create panel. To place a key frame. The camera and path can be edited. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The cursor changes to a crosshair.rvt.

Walkthrough panel. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera is located on the final key frame. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. 8. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Select the direction control for the camera. 9. Repeat for all the key frames. click Finish Walkthrough. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 10. Drag it to the left. The Options Bar changes.5. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 6.Visualization . 11. click Edit Walkthrough. 7. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point.

Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. On the Walkthrough panel. If camera positions distort. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. 3. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 2.12. From the Controls list. 13. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Check the view in several key frames. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. select Path. Visualization s 391 . click Next Key Frame. Click Open. Click Edit Walkthrough.

This may take a long time depending on your system resources.Visualization . 2. Export the Walkthrough 1. Click OK. select a video compression method to hold down file size. notice where you save the file. Click Save. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. On the application menu. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 3. File Name. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. Click Play. 4.Play the Walkthrough 1. Revit generates the external AVI file.rvt. 2. click OK. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. In the Length/Format dialog box.

Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. It plays in your media player. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Visualization s 393 .5. Plan your class time accordingly. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6.

you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization . s Edited the path.7. If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file. In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

False Summary/Questions s 395 . To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Place a camera. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. True b. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Split b. s Assign materials. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. False 2. Questions 1. a. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Play a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. Flip Orientation d. a. s Export an FBX file. s Export a DWG file. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. Demolish 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. Align c. View > Shading d. you use: a. s Apply shading to a view. True b. you use: a. Save As > FBX c. Print to File b. s Export a walkthrough. Export > FBX 3.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. Review structural columns. beams and braces. beams. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . Lesson Plan 1. 3. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. In the following exercises. foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Evaluate Students. you learn how to place structural columns. 2. 5. 4. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. beam systems. and braces.

Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. For example. and other structural elements will be located in a building. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.

About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Knowing where structural members. walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. and other building objects. especially columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Create column grids. Place beam systems and braces. Engineering. After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Structural s 401 . Math (STEM).Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Beams connect columns or walls. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. beams can be steel.Hide Category. On the Build panel of the Home tab. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck.Structural . The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. this is known as post and beam construction. Select a floor. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Open Deck Framing. 3.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. They come in types defined by size and shape. In this exercise. often mainly glass. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. or concrete. As with columns. wood. spans without walls. On the View Control Bar.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. click Column > Structural Column. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. or reinforced concrete. wood. In residential construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . 2. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Structural columns can be steel. 1. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.

click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. click Depth. On the View Control Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 7. In the Type Selector. 5. 6. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 3A. and 4B. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the Options Bar. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Repeat at grid intersections 2A.4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 8. Structural s 403 . Click Modify to terminate the Column tool.

11. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click Hide In View > Element. rail. 10. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Place Beams 1.9. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click OK.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. and columns clearly. In the Project Browser. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click off the columns to clear your selection set. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 5. On the Options Bar.3. On the Structure tab. Structure panel. select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. In the Type Selector. 4. Click. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click Beam. s In the view window. To place beams: Structural s 405 .

s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 6.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 7. On the Properties palette. Click.Structural .

9. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. In this exercise. Click. Click Modify. 11. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection.8. 12. On the Properties palette.rvt. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click on grid intersection B4. Click OK. click Beam. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Structural s 407 . click Make Wall Bearing. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Structure panel. as shown. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.

You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 4. s Place braces. click Beam System. 2. Open Deck Beams. Open Plan View Deck Framing. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 3. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. On the Structure tab. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Sketch Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. you: s Place beam systems.Structural . distance.rvt. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Place Beam Systems 1. The completed exercise 5. In this exercise. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. or number of beams in a bay. click Pick Supports. Structure panel. click No.

6. Draw a line on the face of the wall. as shown. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. On the Draw panel. 7. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Structural s 409 .

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.Structural . On the Properties palette. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. click Line. Click the beam on Grid 2. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.6".8. s s s On the Draw panel. click Finish (green check). s 9.2". Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. set Elevation to -0'-9". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Click Finish. click Create Similar. click Pick Supports. On the Mode panel. 11. 10. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary.

Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the Structure tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the View tab. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 4. Structural s 411 . It has an automatic work plane. click Brace. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium.Place Braces 1. unlike regular elevations. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 3. 2. 5. Create panel. Click to place the elevation. Structure panel.

Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Click Modify. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace.6. In the view window.Structural . 8. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the Type Selector. 9. 7. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.

s Placed braces. you: s Placed beam systems.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.10. Structural s 413 . 11. Save the file as Deck structure. In this exercise.

This is a common step early in designing a large building. In this exercise. Pull the cursor straight up. but they can also be angular and radial. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The numbering automatically increments. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. beams. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. In plan views. 2.Structural . The exact length is not critical. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. click in the lower left to start a grid line. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. and walls. You can change a grid number at any time. s s In the view window. The exact location is not critical. elevation. Datum panel.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. and section views. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. as shown. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. click Grid. Grid datasets. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. 4.3.

The new grid line will be number 3.Structural . Pull the cursor to the right. Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. click Copy. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Pull the cursor to the left. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Grid 3 is already the selection set. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Repeat to create grid line 4. Enter A at the keyboard. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click to place the grid line. Click to start a grid line. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. 7. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Select Grid Line 2. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.5. Press ENTER. 6. close to the heads.

Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Change the number to 2. 11. s Click Copy. 9. This completes the main grid. s Select grid 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This grid line will be number B. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.1. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Structural s 417 . The Grid tool is still active. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. click the elbow control to place an offset.8. 10. Grid 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.1 is still selected. s Click to place the grid line. On the grid line.

On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar.Structural . Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. click Grid. Press ENTER. On the Draw panel. s s Click grid intersection D3. 4. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Offset to 15'-0". 3. enter 15. click Pick. Zoom to Fit. Click to place the grid head. s Click to start the grid line.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. select Center-Ends Arc. The Grid tool is still active. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. In the Radius field. Create panel. On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. Click in the new grid bubble. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. click Radius. Change the number to EE. Revit will convert this to 15'-0".000 o .

Structural s 419 . 6. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 7. Select grid 3 to show its controls.5. You will need to identify it easily. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Drag it down below the radial grids. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click to place grid FF.

11. click Create Similar. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. Press ENTER. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click Mirror . s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s In this exercise.Structural . Zoom to Fit. s 10. Enter 31 to change the name. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click in the new grid bubble. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.000. s Select grid 3. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Pick Axis. Revit will create grid 32. Click to place the grid line.rvt. s Select grid 31. s Click grid intersection D3.

select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. In the Type Selector. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s Use a column grid to place beams. As a result. This is a steel column. Structure panel. click Column > Structural Column. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structural s 421 . you typically create a grid.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Add footings to columns. s 3. In this exercise. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. 2. s Change a grid layout. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added.

5.s s On the Options Bar. 2. click Finish. 6. A. B. click At Grids. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. 4. 4.Structural . C and D. In the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. set Height to Level 3. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.

On the Multiple panel. Zoom to Fit. 5. click On Grids. Window-select all the grid lines. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 2. 3. Click Grid 1. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Finish. 4. Structural s 423 . On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. and beams will move to the right. click Beam.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Multiple panel. The grid. columns.

3. On the Multiple panel. click Isolated. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. On the Quick Access toolbar. On the Multiple panel. 4. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. window-select all the columns. Open the Default 3D view. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Columns and beams will move to the right. click Undo. click Finish. 1. In the view window. click At Columns. 2. 6.Structural . Click Redo. click No. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.

Click OK. To change the size of the footing. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Structural s 425 . The footing changes size.5. 6. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 7. A warning displays. s On the Properties palette. in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". The footing had been placed at Level 1.

In this exercise. s Added footings to columns.Structural . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file. s Changed a grid layout.8.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. spans.

using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural .

s Place beam systems. 2. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place braces. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Change a grid layout. Questions 1. Column b. s Add footings to columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. All of the above. s Use a column grid to place columns. Beam d. Brace c. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.

3. Use grid lines and grid intersections. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. True b. All of the above. To create a beam system.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Properties c. Pick points. 5. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. you can: a. a. If you relocate a grid line. a. True b. Flip Orientation d. d. b. A and B. c. To change the height of a column. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. you use: a. d. When placing columns or beams. A but not B. b. you: a. c. Select the type of beam or column to place. 2. Stretch b. False 4.Structural . Select a beam type and define the system layout.

Executive Director.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . WI Roger Dohm . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Randy Dymond. Inc. PE . Poway.Teacher.org Project Lead the Way. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Smith .iteaconnect. Milwaukee. Susan Harrington . Copyright s 431 . Poway High School.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Director.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Ltd. Starkweather . International Technology Education Association www. Mathematics. CA Ronald A Williams. South Division High School.Instructor. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.

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