Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles.When sketching walls. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

and 3D views. You can add building elements in plan. stairs. furniture. roofs. floors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. section. elevation. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. Other building elements such as doors. windows.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied.Software Tools .

In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after. the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved.While components are being sketched. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence.If the left side wall is moved.

s Describe the tools for placing building elements.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). and math standards. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Constrain placement of objects. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Technology. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. technology. and Language Arts. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Place a predefined Mass family. Engineering. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab.

Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.Software Tools . you can create in-place masses. There are mass families available to load into a project. or masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. quickly. size. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. roofs. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. walls. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. such as distance requirements from roadways. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Masses can be edited in many ways. and curtain systems. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then converted into building components such as floors. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. A designer. owner.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools .

When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . walls. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. or within.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Engineering. Technology. legends. s Explain the use of dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. tags. technology. Annotation includes text notes. This lesson relates to science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. engineering. Math (STEM). and symbol heads. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 .

Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. radial. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools . or angular. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

and math standards. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Options Bar.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Software Tools . engineering. and Language Arts. s Open and use ribbon tabs. the Type Selector. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). s Open tabs on the ribbon. Technology. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Work with tool buttons. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.

for instance. windows. The ribbon sits above the drawing window.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . and rooms. beams. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Its position is fixed. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. doors. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Some commands will not be active (that is. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. columns. structural walls. braces. and text. detailing. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. slabs. trusses. Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. and foundations.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters.Software Tools . 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. copy/paste. Context tabs display as you work.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . and Close. Open. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. Legends. sheets. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.Software Tools . The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. with four elevation markers visible. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . families.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

sun settings. rendering (in 3D views). To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. A check mark indicates it is visible. level of detail. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. cropping.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. View Control Bar View scale. Windows panel on the ribbon. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. click the User Interface button located on the View tab.Software Tools . The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. visual style.

Select the desired view scale from the list.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.

Shaded. Hidden Line is the default. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

which can be according to the view. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. or by global location. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools .Crop region selected. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . enabling you to select them. along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. These controls.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.

Collaborate. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Massing & Site. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. View.All views are listed in the Project Browser. To activate or open a view. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 . The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Structure. Insert. Manage and Modify. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Annotate. Nine tabs are available: Home. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Options Bar. showing options that you can select while you are working. If you select items in the view window. Display and Navigation s 57 . Properties Palette. a context tab opens on the ribbon. the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. When a context tab is active.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Print. Export. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Close only appears on the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Click a file name to open that file. New File. the application menu. and Publish. The application menu contains file management controls. File Save. Display and Navigation s 65 . such as File Open. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

3. After you have examined each of them. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. or click New > Project from the application menu. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. 2. On the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Display and Navigation s 67 .Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The panel titles display under the tab titles. The completed exercise 4. make the Home tab active. Do this for other tabs. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. If you select the menu option. To start a new project.

and then viewed. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Icons for panels display below tab titles. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. you opened a project file.Software Tools . In this exercise. 6. Select Cycle Through All. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7.5. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Close the file without saving.

The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open quick_start_building_elements. Exercise 2. doubleclick the view name. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.rvt. Display and Navigation s 69 . In the Project Browser.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The file opens to a 3D view. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.

Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. You are selecting everything visible.Software Tools . The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. . 7. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click any interior wall. Click Filter panel > Filter. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click OK. On the Properties palette. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. and windows highlight blue. doors. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 4. Clear Walls and Doors.3. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 6. 8. all the walls. 5.

and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. click Create panel > Create Similar. Display and Navigation s 71 .rvt.9. examined the menus and toolbars. 10. 11. you opened a project file. Click any door. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. In this exercise. Place a door as shown. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 12. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected.

templates. either predefined or user-created.Software Tools . annotations. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create a new in-place family. operating settings. and elevation views by default. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and 3D views using the View menu. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. s Load and place component families. s Work with Revit families. Math (STEM). Revit provides floor plan. schedules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. ceiling plan. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. display controls. Component families include model objects (furniture. building elements (walls. You can create sections. drafting views. In the exercises. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and views. mechanical equipment). and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. System families include levels. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. lines. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . floors). Pan. Technology.

and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology. engineering.This lesson relates to science.

Software Tools . even a small one. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 3.Exercise: View Controls A building model. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Click OK. Rightclick in the view window. The display changes. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Right-click. The elevation markers disappear from the view. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. Four elevation markers are visible. There is no way to see everything in it. 2. First. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click Zoom to Fit. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.rvt. is an extensive database. Open Unit2_building_elements. The completed exercise Visibility 1. VG also opens the dialog box.

5. There are two parts to an elevation. 6.4. Enter ZF. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . In the Project Browser. Select Detail Level: Medium. Right-click. click Detail Level. Select the roof outline. Click and drag the cursor as shown. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Right-click. Zoom to Fit. 7. Click Zoom In Region. so be sure to select them both. Click Open. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. On the View Control Bar.

There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. View Properties 1. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Turn off visibility of the elevations. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. change the Underlay value to None. Enter VH. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit.8. On the Properties palette. doors and windows are not shown.Software Tools . 2. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. as before.

click Edit. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. 4. enter Roof. Click Rename. Right-click. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. For Name. Next to View Range. the ridge is now visible. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.3. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. and where the cut plane sits.0".

click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. select Winter Solstice. 3. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Open Elevation view South. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Still. 4. Accept the location that activates. under Solar Study. select Shadows On. 2.Software Tools . On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the Presets list. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Set the time to 9:30 am. select Shading with Edges. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the dialog box that opens.Graphic Display Options 1. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 5.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. In this exercise. 6. The elevation shadows update. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Save the file as Unit2_views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rvt.

load. windows. In Revit. and use a Revit family to place a door. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Additionally. standard families. and families in place. and annotations are examples of standard families. furniture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Door. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. 2. 3. Open Unit2_views. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. commercial. On the Home tab. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. or institutional structures. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Build panel. Doors. Doors are considered standard family entities. roofs. s A system family. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and furniture. floors. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. and place Revit families. doors and windows are dependent on walls). or stand-alone (for example. lights.Software Tools . 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . such as levels. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. These components are called families and there are several different types. You add closet doors to interior walls. windows. and so on. railings. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. you open an existing project file. There are system families.rvt. is predefined within Revit. and floors. This exercise illustrates how you locate. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. furniture). walls. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

If you highlight a door family. Click the Doors folder. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Click Open. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Accept the default size.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Family files have a file extension of *. Furniture. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). and Annotation. 5. It has a number of different sizes defined. Locate Double Panel 2. Tag panel. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. s s 6. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. As you move your cursor near any wall.rvt. On the Modify | Place Door tab. You click to place an instance of the door family. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Click Open. 4. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rfa. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Project files have a file extension of *.rfa.

It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. simply click it. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you located. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Place an instance of the door as shown. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. loaded. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.rvt.Software Tools . Place two more instances of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family.7. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 8. 9. but not strongly. In this exercise.

2. you open an existing project file. enter 48" x 80". The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . click Duplicate. Select the double door as shown. Open Unit2_doors_walls. and create an in-place family. 5. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. This door needs to be 48" wide. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. 4. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. modify a door family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click OK. The required width is not available. 3.rvt.

On the Home tab. click Component > Model In-Place. On the Properties palette. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. enter Hall Clock. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click OK. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall.6. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. The door updates. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. is to create a component family in place. Click OK. 1. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 3. 2. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Build panel.Software Tools . For Name. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. select Generic Models. 4. set the Extrusion End value to 6". In the dialog box. 5.

Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 10. loaded. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. On the Draw panel. Click OK. Revit will display . 12. click Rectangle. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.6. 8.4" as shown. In this exercise. and placed a door family. 11. 7. 9. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . you located. as shown. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .rvt. The family model updates. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . You have created the base of the clock. 13. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Click Mode panel > Finish as before.2".0' 2".

STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

False 5. To activate a view: a. s Adjust Visual Style Options. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. 6. s Change type properties of a family. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. and place a family from a library.Software Tools . d. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Questions 1. load.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. False 3. c. a. s Change view properties. Each project has several predefined views. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Create an in-place model family. False 2. tab. b. Zoom in Region is used to: a. True b. Either a or b. True b. and Options Bar. a. s Access. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . False 4. Views can be renamed. s Open different views. True b. Right-click. Go to View > View Name in the menu. depending on the template selected. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. and click Open. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. c. d. Zoom to the entire model. b. b. context tabs. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Spin the model in 3D space. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Turn on Shadows. a. c. d. s Change view displays. The tool shown is used to: a. 7. Create a 3D perspective view.

a. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.8. System c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Blocks c. a. Rotate c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Properties palette 10. Parts d. All of the above. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Pan and Zoom b. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .) are called: a. windows. A family created within a project is called ________________. Scroll d. Project Browser d. Standard b. Families 11. etc. In-Place d. depending on settings 9. Multiview b.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 5. s Create a project template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 9. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 6. 2. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. Review Revit Architecture setup. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create labels. 7. 8. s Set project units. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Duplicate and modify views.

Visit the AIAS website at www. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. should be used.Standards and Building Codes . Many cities and counties have their own rules. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.org. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.aias. Engineering. Technology.aia.org. colors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Explain why templates are used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. After completing this lesson. linetypes. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and Language Arts. linetypes. and the settings that are preset within them. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Math (STEM). Visit the AIA website at www.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. based on the AIA standards. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. defining the layers. colors. and so forth. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering. and math standards.

For example. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. doors. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. a garage. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and so on. A unit is a particular physical quantity. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. it cannot be called a bedroom. it must have at least one door. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. and one closet. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. a common area (such as a living room or family room).Standards and Building Codes . the number being its numerical value. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. defined and adopted by convention. and so on. like mechanical drawing. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. If it lacks any of these components. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. If there is a fire. A garage must be completely enclosed. a bathroom. otherwise it is considered a carport. one window. windows.

Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. However. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system.. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. also known as the International System of Units. is 169 m. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . using imperial units. Here h is the physical quantity. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. unit symbol m.For example. is 555 ft. such as room size and wall height. unit symbol ft. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. In architectural drafting. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. the construction industry still uses the English. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Another method is to apply dual notation. or imperial. glass. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. and other materials. its value is expressed in the unit meter.. in the United States.

dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. In Revit Architecture. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and viewports.Scales are ratios. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. one value representing another value. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Standards and Building Codes . Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. every 1/8" would represent 1'. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.) 8. Each size is designated by a letter. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. line weight and pattern. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".

You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. and then add a title block or other symbols. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. symbols. You create and position views. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. The integers go from 0 to 9. notes Demolition. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. temporary Schedules Sections. site plan. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.a modified version of the AIA standard. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).01. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . elevators.01.

Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes . that is. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. the date drawn. The column is divided into sections. Typically. For example. the author of the drawing. The next space is for tracking revisions. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and so on. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. annotation plot sizes. and other relevant information. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. followed by information on the building's owner. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The paper is oriented landscape. drawing scales. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. the electrician. and layer standards. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. fonts. the HVAC company. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. so that the height is less than the width. Usually. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text.

dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. required symbols. and so forth. layer settings.

Engineering. dimension styles. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. views. These can be used to build your model. Technology. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. windows.Standards and Building Codes . Math (STEM). Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and Language Arts. and walls.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.

Condominiums. On the application menu. click Browse. Select a Template 1. Open Revit to an empty project file. apartments. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In Revit. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. 3. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. In the New Project dialog box.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . you create a new project file using a template. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or store. click New > Project. factory. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 2. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. you use templates as starting points. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.

5. 6. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. saving set up time. Settings s 103 . click Close to close this project without saving. In this exercise. Select the Residential-Default. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click Open. On the application menu. you started a new project file using a standard template. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click OK.4.

Pull the cursor to the right.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Click to start a new wall. the drawing setup options are preset. expand Floor Plans under Views. click Wall. In the Project Browser. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. open ADA__Settings. In the courseware datasets folder. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. s Place the cursor over the left wall.Standards and Building Codes . The Wall tool remains active. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. Press ESC to cancel the wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Build panel.rvt. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. In this exercise.

Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Place the cursor over the left wall. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Press ESC to cancel the wall. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Close the file without saving. 7. Settings s 105 . click to start a new wall. and move the cursor right. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Click OK twice to save the setting change. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. s Set Unit symbol to m. 5. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.4.) 6. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Format for Length. 8. In this exercise.

Standards and Building Codes . click Duplicate. Dimension panel. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Click OK. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. 3. 2. Open ADA_Dimensions. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. dimensions not only display.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. there are two types of dimensions. enter Big Text. but also control the size and location of objects. 4. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Edit Type. By default. click Aligned. or insert components. On the Annotate tab. On the Properties palette.rvt. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 1. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. temporary and permanent. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. create.

5. Select the top. 7. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Settings s 107 . Click to place. s Click OK twice. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. and bottom horizontal walls. left. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 6.

created a new dimension style. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. The Dimension tool stays active. Click to place the dimension. s s s Select the far left.Standards and Building Codes .8. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. you opened an existing file. 9. upper. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. and far right vertical walls.

Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. 3. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the datasets folder. Settings s 109 . In order to do this. In the Project Browser. There are no annotations visible. Right-click. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. These are annotations. and the view window displays the new plan. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Notice the door and window tags.

8. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. click Project Information. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 7. Click Rename. Double-click to open it. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. Click OK to update the display of this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. In the Project Browser. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 1. Model Categories tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Settings panel. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 9. On the Manage tab.4. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 5. Click OK. 6.Standards and Building Codes .

2. 3. Settings s 111 . Click New Sheet. Click OK. Enter the address as shown.Add a Sheet 1. 2. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. You can also enter the address of your school.) 3. click Edit. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. In the Value column of Project Address. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Rightclick. Click OK. highlight the title block displayed in the list. or supply your own values: Click OK. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.

Next. Notice the change to the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1.Standards and Building Codes . It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Click Apply.4. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. In the Identity Data and Other sections. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 5.

Right-click. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 2.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 4. Click Activate View. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select Deactivate View. Right-click in the view. 3. Settings s 113 . Select the new viewport. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.

Place the cursor 7. The view updates on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. 6. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Added a sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. s Placed a view on the sheet.5. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. of the sheet. deselect it.Standards and Building Codes . Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you: select it. Finish the move.

Click Open. This is one of the longer exercises.5. Settings s 115 . Start Revit Architecture. 2.5 title block template opens.rft. 4. A copy of the 11 x 8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8. 3.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. On the application menu. click New > Titleblock. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). It opens to the Recent Files window.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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15. s Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. you created a title block using a template file. Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. select Drawn By. 11. On the application menu. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Click Zoom to Fit. 12. Add a label for Sheet Number. Your teacher may specify another location.rfa. Right-click. click Close. Accept the Sample Value.9. click Save to save the title block. 10. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 14. On the Quick Access toolbar.Landscape. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Accept the Sample Value. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Save the title block as A . Add a label for Checked By. 13.Standards and Building Codes . s Click Add.

Settings s 125 . 4. 2. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 3.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. and then load a custom title block into your project. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. you create a new project file. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Click Open. 5. click New to create a new project using the default template. On the View tab. Insert a Title Block 1. Locate your title block. Highlight the title block and click OK. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. In the Recent Files window. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. The title block appears in the graphics window.

2.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Select the title block. Click OK. On the Manage tab. click Project Information. 4. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. enter your instructor's name. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. s For Checked By. enter your name.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 3. Settings panel. On the Properties palette. enter Student Project Unit 3. s For Drawn By. In this exercise. you a created a new project file. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.Standards and Building Codes . 6. 5. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK.

s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. in addition to predefined wall types. In this exercise. including how the rendered image looks. such as 3D and plan views. 3. Create a Template In this exercise. There are various settings you can define for your template. select Project Template. and slope angle. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. On the Insert tab. settings. 2. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 1. you create a new project file. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. you define the title block. a dimension style. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . click Load From Library panel > Load Family. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. click New > Project. In the New Project dialog box. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. and then load them like families. s Families: Load in families you use most often. On the application menu. and geometry from the template. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Click OK. and the units for your custom template. angles. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project.

Set the units for the template. 10.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. click Settings panel > Project Units.Landscape. 7. enter 3/16" Verdana. 9. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". For Name. On the Annotate tab. Next.rfa. 8. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Click OK twice. 5. Click the Length field in the Format column. click Duplicate. There will be no visible change.4. create a Dimension Style. You create a custom dimension style. 6. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Open the title block A .

enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. 14. Select the A . Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click OK. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. select Sheets (All). 15. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Click New Sheet. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Rightclick. Settings s 129 .11. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. In the Project Browser.

130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . title block. 17. Save the file name as A-English template. Click OK. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. Save your project template in your class project folder.rte. and units that you defined. you created a new template file using a dimension style. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. as well as dimension style and units. The title block updates.16. You can use this template for future projects.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise.

STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. or new combinations of existing materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. are constantly being developed by the building industry. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

AIA b. s Create text. is defined as what? a. dimension styles. you learned to: s Set units in a file. A particular physical quantity.Standards and Building Codes . True b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.02 d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Change dimension colors. s Create a template. a. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. 1:12 c. 1:3 b. 1:24 d.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A. a. False 3. Using AIA Standards.05 c.02 b. A. English c. s Create a title block. P. An architect b. General Questions 1. a. UBC c. s Create labels. NCSESA 2. s Create a text style. s Change lineweight. Metric d. s Create dimensions. S. NCTM d. A unit 4. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create a dimension style. 1:32 5.

you use: a. a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False 6. a. Wall midpoints d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. In Revit Architecture. True b. By default. To create a new sheet. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Point offsets 3. Application menu > Properties b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. you click: a. Wall centerlines c. dimensions snap to: a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Wall faces b. To change the scale of a view. False Summary/Questions s 133 . View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. True b. True b. Application menu > New > Sheet b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. False 4. To set the units in a project.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

6. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Trim and extend walls. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 5. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Align walls. 3.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Define a wall structure.

Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. them. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or filling in between. their construction and materials.Walls . After completing this lesson. List the different types of occupancy. and protect its interior spaces. separate. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. After you create the wall. Stud. As you continue to move the cursor. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. 5. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.3.Brick on Mtl. click it to open an edit field. Click to set the endpoint. Expand the Type Selector list. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Notice that a temporary dimension displays. the dimension updates incrementally. indicating wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action. 4. a dashed line displays. To modify a dimension. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Clear the Chain option. an angular dimension displays. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. It will not print. Enter 10. Select the Single Line option. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Walls s 151 .) Press ENTER to update the wall length.

Press ENTER. 8. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The wall does not show any internal detail. On the View Control Bar. Click to start the next wall. Depending on your zoom in the view. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Create panel. Set the Detail Level to Medium. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. click Create Similar. After setting the vertical wall's direction. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . the controls may sit on top of one another. click Modify to stop placing walls. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Click the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall.6. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. On the Modify | Walls tab. Select panel. 7. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. click the Detail Level icon. enter 7. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side.

Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Notice that two dimensions display. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. an alignment line displays. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Select the right vertical wall. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Click Modify. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right.9. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Also. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. no matter where you move the cursor. Walls s 153 . release the mouse button to set a new length. 10. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall.

This is the same as clicking Modify. 12. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Click Cancel. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 13. Select Chain on the Options Bar.11. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 14. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Right-click. On the Home tab. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. click Wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Sketch the walls as shown. Build panel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 15. When using the Chain option. 16.Walls . Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Select the lower vertical wall. Repeat. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows.

Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 17. Click Zoom to Fit. 20. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Walls s 155 . Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click Modify. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Clear the Chain option.rvt. In this exercise. After clicking the second end. Click Create Similar again.18. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 19. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".

rvt from the previous exercise. you first split the walls at the intersections. 3. align. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. You now remove the upper right corner. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Only part of the wall highlights. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. and extend walls. trim. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. fillet. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Split Walls 1. To do this. 2. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. This exercise illustrates how to split. Click Modify.Walls . Both split walls are shown below. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.

On the Options Bar. If you make a mistake. On the Modify | Wall tab. Select any wall. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Create panel. Enter 5'. 5. 3.Fillet Walls 1. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). On the Modify | Walls tab. click Delete. Walls s 157 . You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. select Radius. 2. You can also click the flip control. Modify panel. 4. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Click Fillet Arc. This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Create Similar.

6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Place an interior wall as shown. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. The Wall tool is still active. 3. 1. You align the wall in the next steps.Walls . select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.

You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Walls s 159 . such as location lines. Click to create a wall. The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Pull the cursor straight up. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The Wall Trim Tool 1.4. clear Chain. s On the Options Bar. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.

Walls . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. This will be the border. 6. 4. Select the vertical wall as shown. 3. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 2. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. The walls can cross. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The length is not critical. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action.

align. In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 . fillet.7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt. and trim.

2. The Modify tool is active by default. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. In the Project Browser.Walls . On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . satisfy different requirements. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. and vary in cost. 1. click Edit Type. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Select the Exterior wall as shown.

s Click Up. s Click Down twice. 6. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Every layer of a wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. has a Function you can edit. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. s Click the arrow at the right.4. Click OK. 8. click Edit in the Structure value field. 7. Click Insert twice. For Name. except Core Boundary. enter 8" Insulated Stud. When you are finished. Add two additional layers to the wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 5. To edit the structure of the wall. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Walls s 163 . the wall structure should be as shown.

Modify the Function. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Exterior . s Set the Material to Finishes . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". which displays plan or section views. 12. s Click the icon that appears at the right. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. select Finishes . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.9. 11. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Stud Layer. 13.Walls . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. Material. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 10.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Material to Wood .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.

17. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. On the Properties palette.14. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. In the Project Browser. 15. From the Detail level list. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. expand the Families branch. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. 16. Walls s 165 . select Medium. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view.

You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. You opened an existing file. Close the file without saving. 19. From the Type Selector list.Walls . or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 20. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click 8" Exterior. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.18. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. defined a new wall structure. In this exercise.

Be sure to select the wall and not a window. for example. In this exercise. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. 3.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. 2. a structural mid-section. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Select one of the Exterior . and a decorated interior surface. Stud walls as shown. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.rvt. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . wood rails. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. The model opens in a 3D view.Brick on Mtl. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. You can define a wall type with these elements. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. such as a weatherproof outside surface.

168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . into regions. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure.Walls . 7. If not already expanded. To split a layer or region horizontally. in the Structure value field. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. 6. 2. As indicated in the dialog box title.4. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 5. In this exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. To define the structure of the wall. so all instances of this type change. the new regions assume the same material as the original. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Click Split Region. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 1. highlight one of the borders. Wall structures are Type Properties. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can set the sample height to any value. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. click Edit. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You change the type. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. To split a layer or region vertically. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. either horizontally or vertically. When you split a layer. or you will lose your changes. 8. You can split regions into other regions. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You can assign different materials to regions.

3. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to split the region into two parts. After merge. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. In this case. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1.Brick layer. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. assign Layer 1. Walls s 169 . Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Prehighlight a border between regions. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. When you merge regions. since both regions are composed of the same layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. 3. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge them. 2. 1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to merge the two layers. The upper split disappears. 4.

under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Click Insert. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . In the Edit dialog box. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Change the value to 12. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 2. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. s Select the split line. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 3. The dimension text turns blue. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. If you set the split offset down from the top. Click the temporary dimension text. 1. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 2. 3. instead of down. To create a new wall layer. to the next parallel line. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line.Walls . click Modify. After a region is split. 1. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Click again to return to the original position. indicating that it is modifiable. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 4. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Next. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Press ENTER.

Modify. 7. Click Assign Layers. 10. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. because it is now the selected layer. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course. It immediately highlights in blue. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. The preview changes appearance. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . it highlights in blue in the preview window. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. When a layer is selected in the table.Brick Soldier Course layer. Walls s 171 . All walls of this type have been changed. 8. It also shows a thickness value. and Insert Layer tools. Merge Region.4. Close the file without saving. 5. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. In this exercise. as shown. Split Region. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 9. Click OK. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Change the Material to Masonry . Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click OK. 6. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane.

ducting. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . earth. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and protected. and insulation. installed. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. piping. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.Walls . but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. but also the natural lighting. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the view. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the ventilation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. and the amount of space you have inside your building.Doors and Windows .

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).

186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . if there is no other escape route. ft.7 sq. The height can be no less than 24".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20". must be provided by the window being used as an egress. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. An unobstructed opening of 5.

and furniture are defined in family files. windows. engineering. how to load additional door and window families. s Center a door in a wall. In this unit. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). and math standards. Doors and Windows s 187 . Some families are loaded into each empty file. technology. s Copy windows. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. move. Technology. you learn how to place doors and windows. and how to position. and copy these elements.

Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. On the Home tab. Build panel.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. 2. Once a door is placed. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. To reverse the swing. 3. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Add Doors 1. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . or 3D view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. In other words. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. click Door. This can be done in a plan view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. elevation view. the door swing would be to the left side. To flip the door.

select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Doors and Windows s 189 . Click Open. The display does not change.Load Families 1. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. 2. In order to keep file size small. except for the Type Selector. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. click Load Family. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. walls. From the Type Selector list. Mode panel.rfa. on the Modify | Place Door tab. With the Door command active. 3. Select the door Double-Panel 2. and windows into project files.

Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.Doors and Windows .4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. From the Type Selector. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 5. If necessary. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".

simply click it and enter the correct value. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension. Remember. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. or by using the swing control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 .6.

Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors.

On the Home tab. elevation view. approach the wall from the right side. From the Type Selector. Open Unit5_doors.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. click Window. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Add Windows 1. You can place windows in a plan view. 2. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Build panel. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. click Modify and select the window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Windows have exterior and interior sides. or 3D view. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. When placing windows in a plan view. the outside of the window is to the left side. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . To reverse the window after performing another operation. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.

Window tags do not number in sequence. 5.rvt. you opened an existing project. and placed windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . loaded a door family. In this exercise. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. You do not need to add dimensions. 4.3. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Place seven more windows as shown. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.Doors and Windows . placed doors.

rvt. 4. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window. You practice the following skills: s Place a door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Dimension panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. On the Annotate tab. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. and so on. click Aligned. 1. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. s Align and modify walls. wall. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. you open an existing project file. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. place a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 3. and modify the wall. 2.

2. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 5. Click it and it changes as shown. The walls are now aligned. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the center of the door. Select the upper wall first. This means that if one wall shifts. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Notice the symbol. Click the right wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.s s s s Click the left wall.Doors and Windows . Align Walls 1. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. The door changes location. 6.

) The dimension value is now shown. Change the dimension to 16. Clear the EQ Display value.4. 3. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Dimensions display below it. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. The walls shift and remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.Doors and Windows .rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.6. you placed a continuous dimension. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7.

Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Create Similar. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 1. especially if there are many different types. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Doors and Windows s 199 . 2. Create panel. 4. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3.rvt. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.

2. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. click Copy. On the Modify | Windows tab. Modify panel. The window is copied. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Select the window you just placed.Doors and Windows . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4.

Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit.5.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. In this exercise. 6.

The stability of glass in response to wind. cold. heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

a. 28" b. you learned to: s Place doors. s Place a window. s Align a door or window. 36" c. Custom 3. 40" d. 30" c. General Questions 1. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. False 2. If a room is used for sleeping. 32" b. 34" 4. True b. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 32" d. a. Standard b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Copy a door or window.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Position a door or window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a.

Select the door. The center snap 7. b. a. you use: a. Select the door. a. you use ________. Duplicate d. c. Insert d. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. True b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Properties 3. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. 6. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 4. Clone b. To change the location of a door or window. Door and window tags are placed automatically. False 5. Load from Library b. Link c. c. d. A reference plane b. Offset c. Select the door. Click Door Properties. Click Flip Direction.Doors and Windows . a. Right-click. Use door grips to reposition. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Load c. d. b. False 2. Click Door Properties. To change the swing direction of a door: a. To center a door or window in a wall. Copy 8. True b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. a. you: a.

s Create railings.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 3. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify stair boundaries. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 5. 4. Review stairs and railings. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 2.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate students.

Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. stair and railing types. List the different stair types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. After completing this lesson.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.Stairs and Railings . Describe the formulas for stair calculation.

Engineering. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. and math standards. Technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined. Then. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code.

Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.

Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This saves space when changing direction. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Due to building code. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.

particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

Doors should swing the direction of egress. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38".

s Create U-shaped stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. which includes elevators. You can define straight runs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. or vertical circulation. engineering. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. ramps.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Technology. or tread. L-shaped runs with a landing. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. s Add a railing. s Modify stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology. In multistory buildings. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. and Language Arts. As you move the cursor. Engineering. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. and stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. U-shaped stairs. For safety reasons. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and spiral stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise).Stairs and Railings . When you click to establish the start point of stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The riser and run values update accordingly. of certain horizontal depth or run. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Stairs and Railings s 217 . Zoom in Region to the lobby.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This file is in metric units. you create stairs using a straight run. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.rvt. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. From the courseware datasets folder. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. On the Properties palette. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Before you create the stairs.

4. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a straight run. Run is preselected. Circulation panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. click Stairs. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. Click OK to close the dialog box.Stairs and Railings . 5. These tools are used to define your stairs. In this case. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. On the Home tab.

Stairs and Railings s 219 . and then click to define the run of stairs. 10. On the Mode panel. As you move the cursor up. select Finish (green check). Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 7. Select this intersection point to start your run. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 8. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. If you have not fully created the run. the run footprint stops expanding. You can continue to move the cursor up. 9. To change the run dimension. Revit displays the number of risers you created. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display.6. You can also enter a distance of 4400.

AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. 12.Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. To avoid overwriting the original file.rvt. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.11. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. click application menu > Save As > Project. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 13. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. In this exercise. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. you created and placed a straight run stair. and switched to a 3D view.

Edit panel. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.rvt. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Activate view Floor Plans. click Align. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Level 1. The stair is not centered on the landing.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.

Take time to make the selections correctly. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.4. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. 5. from the Prefer list. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Click the center of the wall first. If you have a scroll mouse. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . which is located at the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. On the Options Bar. The Align command remains active.

Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. enter Lobby Stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 7. s Click OK. expand Sections (Building Section). click Edit Type. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box.6. 8. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Hover the cursor over the railing. railings were created with the stairs. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. 9. Graphics. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . and Dimensions subsections. s For Name. As you prehighlight them. Change Width to 1350. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. s Click Duplicate.

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Lobby Stair View. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.10.Stairs and Railings . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Cherry s s Click Modify. Select both railings.

The stair changes to the run sketch. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. s Select the stairs (not a railing). In the Type Selector. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 14. Stairs and Railings s 225 . 13. Click it to select it. Mode panel. you change the shape of the stairs. Next. s Zoom in on the stairs. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.12. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. The railings change. click Edit Sketch. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Delete this line.

18. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Click to place the arc. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Boundary. To place the second arc endpoint. 17. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .15. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 16. s On the Modify panel. click the left end of the top riser. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Click Modify. 19. On the Draw panel. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.Stairs and Railings . click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.

select the middle of the seventh riser going up. click Riser. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. On the Draw panel.21. Click to exit the Mirror command. The left boundary will be mirrored. Click CenterEnds-Arc. 20. For the third point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. This will define a rounded first step. Next. the arc center point.

On the Mode panel. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Open the {3D} view to see the results. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt.Stairs and Railings . 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. click Finish. In this exercise.

In this case. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Therefore. 2. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you add a railing to a second floor landing. you sketch the plan view path. This is typically done in plan view. s s Sketch a Railing 1. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. For simple railings. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. 3. you need to define a path for the railing.rvt from the previous exercise. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Select the right side railing. Click Modify. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. The completed exercise To create a railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Stairs and Railings s 229 .

6. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 7. Then. Mode panel. On the Draw panel. on the Modify | Railings tab. select Chain.Stairs and Railings . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. The dimensions are shown as a guide. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. To set the exact distance.4. You do not need to add dimensions. click Edit Path. 5. s s On the Options Bar. click Line. Once the railing is selected. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. edit the temporary dimension.

You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing.rvt.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Delete your lines and try again. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. 9. In this exercise. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.

click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. s On the Options Bar. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. 2. you create a reference plane. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. In a floor plan view. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Home tab.rvt from the previous exercise. Create a Reference Plane 1. Work Plane panel.Stairs and Railings . the stairs appear as a U-shape. In this exercise.

5. Dark Gray. change the Width parameter to 900.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Circulation panel. On the Home tab. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Stairs and Railings s 233 . To start sketching the run. Pull the cursor straight up. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. click Stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click OK twice. 4. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. On the Properties palette. enter Exit Stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Click OK. 3. Matte 2. For Name. Click Edit Type. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. 6. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.

enter 1925. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 8. Press ENTER. Click to finish the stair run.Stairs and Railings .7. 9. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. with none remaining to be created. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer to the right.

10. Click Finish Stairs again. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Remove the additional lines. On the View Control bar. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click 3D View to view your model in 3D. You want to inspect your stairs. 11. On the Stairs panel. you select Continue to return the sketch. Use Hide/Isolate 1. but they are hidden behind walls. If you get an error message. click Finish Stairs. To remove the lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. 2. Select the two walls of the stair tower. it is because you have overlapping lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure.

Zoom in to see your stairs. Finally. The walls are now hidden. 6. you learned to create a reference plane. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The exterior walls reappear.Stairs and Railings . The stairs update to become multistory stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Reset the Display 1. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 5. This is a multistory stair. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select the stairs so they highlight. On the Properties palette. On the View Control Bar. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 2. 3.3. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.rvt. In this exercise. 4.

STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. and elevators. escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Include landings as required by your local building code. and deliver riders without wait time. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level.Stairs and Railings . 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . smoke guards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. this openness makes them fire hazards. They cost less. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. but they can also be highly decorative.

A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 40" 4. 30" b. False 2. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 180 degrees 3. 32" c. s Modify stair boundaries. you learned to: s Create stairs. 36" d. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. True b. 90 degrees d. b. True b. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Create railings. and all treads should be the same run. 45 degrees c. 25 degrees b. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. General Questions 1.

Stairs and Railings . Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. You can apply materials to different stair components. riser lines c. False 6. Circle 4. Attach Railing c. Fasten Railing 5. Home b. Pick New Host b. True b. Manage d. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. True b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Boundary lines. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. risers and treads. Railings. risers 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Align Railing d. Line b. a. Insert 2. Modify c. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. a. Treads. Rectangle c. a. riser d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Arc d. risers b. Run. a. you use the _______ option. that is.

(Student) 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 3. Review of roof types. s Place fascia. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 9. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Discussion) 2. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 4. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 7. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 8. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 6.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof.

Calculate the rise. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Identify the different roof types. roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.Roofs .About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. It addresses roof construction. tiles. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. gutters. and pitch of a sloped roof. After completing this lesson. run. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. and downspouts. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.

Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. engineering. About Roofs s 243 . and math standards. technology. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Engineering. s Rake: The inclined. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

and low maintenance roofing material. About Roofs s 245 . How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. are designed for shedding water and snow. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. resulting in at least one textured face. texture. durability. resistance to wind and fire. brands. These are used more often on upscale homes. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. texture.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. resistance to wind and fire. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and if visible. and color. durability. snow. You can use them for many different applications. both low and steep. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. the roofing pattern. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. rot. and if visible. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Sloped roofs. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. maintenance. maintenance. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and sun. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and colors. the roofing pattern. and sunlight. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. They come in several types. fire-resistant.

s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes.Roofs . If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. special characteristics (for example. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). fiberglass. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. or corrugated structural glass. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. Therefore. This same roof on a clear. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. zinc alloy. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. reinforced plastic. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. odor. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. treatment for insects. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. galvanized steel. choose a type that will suit your needs. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. quality. and insulating capability (R-value). consider such factors as cost. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. durable. Unfortunately. galvanized steel. They are fire-resistant. and so forth). In a house with a cathedral ceiling. and require little maintenance.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . the requirements for underlayment.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Roofs .Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

A number indicates the value of the rise. but the two sides are not symmetrical. run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . where as. The run value is typically equal to 12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. and span.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.

7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .When designing a roof.Roofs . 7 to 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 and 12. 7 on 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. try to specify standard roof pitch. and pitch is noted as a fraction. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.

s Create various roof types. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. water. Roofs s 255 . snow. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Create a roof fascia. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Assign roof structure and materials. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. To create a roof by face. you can add gutters. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Once you create a roof. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you work with massing shapes and not building components. and fascia. s Create a hip roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. or roof overhangs. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. or eaves. or ice. soffits.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. dormers. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. often supporting a gutter. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. that convey rainwater to drains. s Place gutters.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Math (STEM). technology. Technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Engineering. and Language Arts.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Roofs . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Click OK to continue. the top of the roof profile is sketched. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 2. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.rvt. In the Work Plane dialog box.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Open ADA_Roofs. select the Name option. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 3. you create an extruded roof. To create an extruded roof. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.

In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. 6. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. Before sketching the roof's profile. On the Work Plane panel. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Go To View dialog box. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Click Open View. 2. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.5. 3. click Line. 4. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Drawing Reference Planes 1. s Use the image below for guidance.Roofs . Draw panel. click Ref Plane. select Section: Section 1. The section view should display as shown. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0".

s Select the new dimension. Roofs s 259 . 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click the EQ toggle.6. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using the image below for guidance. Using a positive offset value. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click Modify. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.

Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 6. click Finish (green check).Roofs . enter Horizontal. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. you can label them. 5. On the Properties palette. for Name. 2. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. Right-click. On the Mode panel. click Chain. 3. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Click Modify. s On the Options Bar. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 7. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 4. Click OK.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 1. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.

8. Roofs s 261 . 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.12" type. Switch to a 3D view.

2. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Edit Geometry panel. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 3. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 1. On the Modify tab. Using the images for guidance.Roofs . you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the edge of the roof as shown. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. This is a two-step process.

3. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. To select both walls together. Trim Walls 1.4. In the Project Browser. open the view Sections: Section 1. Select both walls. On the Modify Wall panel. Roofs s 263 . This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select the roof. 2. However. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. select Attach Wall: Top. On the Options Bar. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. click Attach: Top/ Base.

5. The roof now looks correct. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.Roofs . 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view.rvt.

The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . select Garage Roof. so you look straight down as in a plan. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The inner loops define openings in the roof. a dialog box is displayed.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Unit7_first_roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Because you are in a 3D view. Build panel. by Footprint. In this exercise. 4. From the drop-down list. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 1. On the Home tab. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. from existing walls. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Click Yes. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched.rvt. 3. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof.

Next. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. 7. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.Roofs . click Defines Slope. select the vertical wall on the left. s On Options Bar. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. click Pick Walls. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 6.5.0". Use the image below for guidance. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. If you place a line on the wrong side. 8. clear the Defines slope option.

By default. To complete the roof. That value displays next to the slope arrow. change the value to 6"/12". Other controls also display. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 3. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click Modify. 2. Click the 9"/12" text. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the right side roof line. click Yes. The new roof displays. defining lines separately. It becomes an editable field. Select the left slope defining line. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Roofs s 267 . Change this value to 6"/12". 1. click Finish. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope.

Roofs .4. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.rvt. In this exercise. 5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.

Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 2. To chain-select all of the walls. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. On Home tab. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 3.rvt. On the Options Bar. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Roofs s 269 . Clear Defines Slope. click to select them. 4. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". The file opens to a 3D view. When all of the walls prehighlight. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Build panel. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.

Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. On the Options Bar. As an alternate. Zoom into the chimney area. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Draw panel. 3.Roofs . you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Right-click. verify the 0' 0" Offset.Create a Roof Opening 1. 2. 4. Using the image for guidance. click Rectangle.

4. Select the uppermost. Roofs s 271 . the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. select the Defines Slope. 5. 3. The slope indicator displays. Click Modify. As in the previous exercise. 2. click Yes. Select the left lower horizontal line.Add Slope Lines 1. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 6. select Defines Slope. horizontal line. On the Options Bar. Click Finish. On the Options Bar.

272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise. and chimney penetration.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 8.7.

Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 2. Create the Roof 1. 3. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. On the Options Bar.rvt. 5. Build panel. Select the three walls shown in the image. Zoom into the area shown. Roofs s 273 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Select Defines Slope. 4. The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.0". set Overhang to 2' . you create a hip roof.

Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. 3.Roofs . you use the Line tool. To close the roof sketch. Switch to a 3D View. On the Properties palette. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s On the Draw panel. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. 6. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .0".7. 2. Click Finish to complete the roof. In addition. Click OK. click Line. s s Clear Defines Slope. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Raise the Roof 1. Right-click the ViewCube.

To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .2. and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt.Roofs .

click Line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 3.rvt. On the Draw panel. Roofs s 277 . The file should open to a 3D view. 4. Create a Shed Roof 1. 7.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 6. 5. click Pick Walls. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 2. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".

Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13. On the Properties palette. 11. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the lower. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Right-click the line. 10. 12. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 9. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Modify.Roofs .8. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".

Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Click OK. 15. 17.14. 18. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 16. click Yes. Finish the Roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Roofs s 279 .rvt. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view.

You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. select Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 4. On the Properties palette. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Select the Roof. 3. Cutoff Level list. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Activate the view North Elevation. 5. Open the Default 3D view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . You see four levels defined in the model. On the menu bar.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. The roof updates. 2.Roofs .rvt. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.

click Pick Lines. On the Draw panel. On the Home tab. In this exercise. To set the slope for the new roof. 9. 13. on the Properties palette. 8. select Defines Slope. 11. set the slope value to 3"/12". Select the inner rectangle as shown. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.rvt. Finish the Roof. Zoom and spin to see your model. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 12. Switch to a 3D View. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.6. 10. Roofs s 281 . 7. On the Options Bar. Open Floor Plan: Level 3.

1. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. 3. thereby reducing energy consumption. 2. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. In the Type Selector. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view.Roofs . Select the main roof over the house. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.

To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile.Define a Roof Structure 1. 2. Roofs s 283 . click Edit. click Duplicate. Select Layer 2 as shown. s Click OK. enter Clay Tile. It is a generic roof type. For Name. Select the roof over the garage. Click Insert to add a layer. 4. 5. click Edit Type. 3. For Structure Value.

In this exercise. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 8. select Model. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.rvt.Roofs . s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Click OK. 7.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The garage roof displays a pattern. Click OK twice. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 6. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".

rfa.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.rvt. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. or for decoration. 2. Click Open. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. 3. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. click Roof > Fascia. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. to support a gutter. 4. In the Open dialog box. On the Home tab. On the Insert tab. Roofs s 285 .

just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK. 6.Roofs . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Matte. for Profile.Paint Finish Ivory. click Edit Type. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Set the Material value to Metal .5. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. For Name.

rvt. Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. 9. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise.

The completed exercise 4. 2. 5. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Roofs . 3.rvt. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. The file should open to a 3D view. you add gutters to a building.Bevel: 5" x 5". In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 6. under Profile parameter. Under Material parameter.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. so as not to detract from the design of the building. s Click Duplicate. click Edit Type. 1. For Name. On the Home tab. select Gutter . select Metal Aluminum. Place Gutters In this exercise. click Roof > Gutter. Click OK.

7. 10. 9. If you click the interior face. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Roofs s 289 .rvt. 11. In this exercise. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 8. the gutter displays on the wrong side. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Segments will clean up at corners. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. you attached gutters to a roof.

heat.Roofs . and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a.Roofs . the run is always 12. None of the above 3. s Place fascia. High d. s Define a roof structure. False 2. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. a. s Place gutters.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Hip c. a. Medium c. True b. Gable b. Shed 4. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. When referring to roof slope. Gambrel d. True b. Low b. General Questions 1.

place a check mark next to: a. To add a slope to a roofline. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. lines c. Change the direction of the slope. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. b. SHIFT c. a. a. a. profile 2. d. 10. Sketch. Sketch c. pick d. Add Slope b. Trim/Extend b. face b. Roofs can be created using ______. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. A compound roof contains layers. Footprint. Defines Slope c. Footprint b. c. Walls. profile. Create an opening. False Summary/Questions s 293 . extrusion. a. True b. TAB b. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Footprint. Activate Slope 9. DEL d. Turn slopes on or off. Create Slope d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. a. False 5. Cut/Lengthen c. sketch. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Slope c. Walls d. Expand/Contract 6. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. True b. Footprint b. True b. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. ______ or _______. Extrusion d. False 7. a. ENTER 4. Change the direction of the roof. extrusion. Material 8. Face 3.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create a section view.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3.

About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. After completing this lesson. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions.Sections and Elevations . Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Sections are used to examine the roof. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. cabinetry. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. the location of special equipment. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and tool racks. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. floor. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and special equipment. bathrooms. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. In a residential building. In a commercial structure. the kitchen.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Math (STEM). engineering. and math standards. Technology. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 .

s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. t Cross or transverse sections. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. on the long axis of the building. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. framing. across its narrower dimension. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and foundation plans. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and are properly cross-referenced. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. such as framing connections and foundation details. full. partial. and steel.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. For larger elevations.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . such as doors and windows. s The position relationship between different elements.

For a wood structure. and so forth. people. Therefore. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design." Mfr. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. cars. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. The size of the object is listed first. bushes. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. the titles assigned (North. You may. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. quantity. or methods of installation. With interior elevations. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. this is reversed. South. followed by any additional information about spacing. East. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Unnecessary Information Shades. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. For siding. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. For example. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. however. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. shadows. and then the name of the material.

and lip. or decorative patterns. wood. Molding is usually made of plaster. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. and materials used. chamfers. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. casements. This is usually done using a topset. dishwashers. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. flush overlay. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. or linoleum) and the wall. doors and direction of door swings. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. and other appliances. other openings. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. It may have curves. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. tile. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. coving. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. or MDF. and special equipment such as toilets. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Hinges are concealed. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. doors. which is a formed pressboard. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. shelf arrangements. windows. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. or a baseboard. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. This is more costly than regular overlay.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". The trim is usually glued into place. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. and types of finish materials used. finished floor-to-ceiling heights.Sections and Elevations . It can also be used around doorways and windows. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0".

Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Create an interior elevation. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Change the section head. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Place a section view on a sheet. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. which you can then add to a sheet. s Add slope annotations. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line.

the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Once created. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. and math standards. Technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. A section is a horizontal view.Sections and Elevations . like an elevation. technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. engineering.

For example. Sections and Elevations s 307 . Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. elevation. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. or other section view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view.

When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations .

or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. s Add breaklines as needed. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. The slope is the ratio rise:run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. In a set of construction documents. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Details are crucial for effective construction. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Once you create the detail section. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add structural details. Slope is also referred to as pitch. In the example shown. such as anchor bolts and siding.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. So. s Add detail notes. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. tracing over the existing elements. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project.

try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. click Section. The completed exercise 6. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 3. The Section command is available from the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 2. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The file opens to a 3D view. Create a Section View 1.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise.rvt. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 4. On the View tab. Open the file ADA_Sections. Create panel. In the Scale list on the Options Bar.

s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. This is called the crop region. 3. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. On the Properties palette. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The actual location is not critical. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.Sections and Elevations . and it has control grips to resize it. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Section Properties 1. With the section line selected. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary.

In the Properties palette. The view is listed in your Project Browser. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. In this exercise. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 8. 7. 5. The section view updates. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). change Far Clip Offset to 10.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Clear Crop Region Visible. you automatically created a section view.4. When you drew the section line. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 6. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them.

The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. On the Insert tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. They include Section Head . 4. Click Open to load the family. 2. In this exercise. 3.rfa. For Name. 7. and Section Head . Load from Library panel. On the Manage tab. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6.rvt.No Arrow. Settings panel. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.1 point Filled. enter Open Arrow.Filled. click Duplicate. Several section head families are available.Sections and Elevations . 5. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. The view does not change. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Click OK. click Load Family. Section Head . Select Section Head-Open. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Click OK. click Edit Type. 12. 9. Save as Unit8_section_open. For Section Head. On the Properties palette. Sections and Elevations s 315 . select Open Arrow.rvt. Click OK. Click Duplicate. 13. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.8. Select the section line. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. For Name.Open. 11. 14. 10. The section head updates to the new head type. In this exercise. In the Section Tag field. select Section Head . enter Open Arrow.

2. Create panel. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 4. Use the image below for guidance. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.rvt. 6. 3. 5. click Callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. On the View tab. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. This is a building section. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". To reposition the callout head. select the border of the callout. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. On the Options Bar.Sections and Elevations .Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise.

2. but not strongly. Detail panel. On the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. 1. Line is selected automatically. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view.7. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. as shown. 4. 3. 8. detail components. You can add detail lines. region patterns. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. select Chain. click Region > Filled Region. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab.

For Name. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the upper and right side lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. On the Properties palette. 7. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.5. 6. Click Modify. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. enter Earth.

the filled region may appear as solid fill.Section. 1. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. If you zoom in closer. the pattern becomes visible. On the Annotate tab. On the Mode panel. click Load Family. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Click Open. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. On the Place Detail Component tab. From the Fill Pattern list. Sections and Elevations s 319 .rfa. 9. select Finish (green check). 3. Detail panel. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 2.8.

From the Type Selector.4. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Click OK. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.Sections and Elevations . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 5. In the Specify Types dialog box. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

From the Type Selector list. Move it after placement if necessary. Using the image below for guidance. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. 7. select Plywood. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. add a second copy of the 2 x 10.6. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.

Click Modify. 10. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Use the image below for guidance. On the Properties palette. From the Type Selector. Place the component similarly to the image below. Select the vertical plywood. 11. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Component > Detail Component.9.Sections and Elevations . 12. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. set the Thickness to 3/4". Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. This component represents the subflooring. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select anchor bolt. The exact vertical placement is not critical.

Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 323 . On the Options Bar. 14. select Copy. Use the image below for guidance. Click Modify. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.13. select Multiple. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Lap Siding.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add Detail Lines 1. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. select Wide Lines.15. click Detail Line. Start at the end of the siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 16. Detail panel. From the Line Style Selector. 2. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. On the Annotate tab.

5. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Zoom out. Still using Wide Lines.3. 4. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.

Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Right-click. click Insulation. 8. Add Insulation 1. select the Material field in row 3.6. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 9. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 2. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 7. Click Edit in the Structure field. On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Next. 10. The wall display updates. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. identified as Wall material 1. Select the wall so it highlights. Detail panel. Save the file. Click Modify. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section.

On the Annotate tab. Your view should resemble the image shown.2. Detail panel. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. select Break Line. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. Sections and Elevations s 327 . click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector.

Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The view should resemble the image shown. In this exercise. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. To complete the detail. Place the breakline as shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The Detail Component tool is still active. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. You place another breakline. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). 7.4. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted.Sections and Elevations . The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 6. detail lines. and detail components to it.

s Clear Annotation Crop. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. With nothing selected in the view. To add notes. 1. or methods of installation. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. and ventilation methods in construction documents. quantity. weatherproofing.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . The border around the view will disappear. 2. The size of the object is listed first. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.rvt. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.

Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. insulation. 5. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 7. 10. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 9. Move the pointer up 11. R13. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow.Sections and Elevations . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. leader arrow as shown. click Text.4. 6. On the Annotate tab. Text panel. Finally. 12.4" WEATHERING. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Two Segments. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . From the Type list. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. On the Format panel. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 8. As you pull your cursor to the right.

17. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Start the next text at the interior wall.. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 18. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. .C. Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 5/8" GWB . You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together.. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 14.13. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Click off the text to finish the entry. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 20. CONT is short for Continuous. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. O. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 15. 19. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. is an acronym for On Center.TYPE X.C. 16. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the floorboard. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.C. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.

Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 21. In this exercise.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . 23.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.. 22. Click ENTER to start a second line. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Note: CONC signifies concrete.

2. you will want to add the views to a sheet. highlight Sheets. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Locate the A-Landscape.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. section. In this exercise. Click Open. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Highlight your title block. In the Project Browser. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. and locate the detail view on it. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you create a new sheet with your custom title block.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. or elevation view. The new sheet becomes the current view.rvt. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 6. 4. 3. Click New Sheet. 5. Right-click. click Load. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.

Click the control at its left end. 8.7. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag it to the right. 9. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. In the Project Browser. close to the crop border. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Hide Crop Region. Select a Level Line. On the View Control Bar. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. click Show Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . Both Level ends will move together.

11. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. highlight the new sheet. Click OK. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. In this exercise. 13. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter S. Click Rename.rvt. For Name. For Number. 12.10. Click Zoom to Fit. Sections and Elevations s 335 . you: s Created a new sheet.301. Right-click. In the Project Browser.

and west. south. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Right-click. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. four elevation views are included: north. s Set the display for building components as needed. When you create a project with a template.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 2. 3. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. Open ADA_Elevations. It is defined by the green dotted line. s Add slope indication for roof. s Add material notes. 4. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation markers are now visible. Click OK. Select Elevations. 6. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Click Zoom to Fit. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. east.Sections and Elevations . Click the Annotations tab. s Add any necessary dimensions. 5.

Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Sections and Elevations s 337 . clear Planting. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet.2. 3. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Annotations tab. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Modelling tab. Next. 5. 4. Switch to an Elevation View 1. clear Sections.

Exterior Stucco. select Edit in the Structure field. Select the wall. 9.7. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 8.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. 13. Click Zoom to Fit. click to open the list. click Edit Type. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. It will be identified as Condo . Click the button that displays to select a material. Select Sand.Sections and Elevations . 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In Surface Pattern. modified its display. 11. Select the Material field for Layer 1. and modified the wall display characteristics. In this exercise. you activated an elevation view. On the Properties palette. 12. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 10.

you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. or methods of installation. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. 3. 2. 5.rvt. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Enter TX. Add a note for the stone wall. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 4. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Add a note for the foundation. In the Type Selector. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. quantity.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The size of the object is listed first.

6. Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. In this exercise. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the exterior stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. 9.Sections and Elevations . 8.

Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. On the Options Bar. 6. 4. For Offset from Reference. 5. select Triangle. 3. enter 1/8". you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. click Spot Slope. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. from the Slope Representation list. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. 2. 1. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise.rvt. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Dimension panel.

Click Modify. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to select the roof line. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 11. Click to locate the slope indicator. 10. click Aligned. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 9. Dimension panel. On the Annotate tab.7. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.

select wall breaks and levels. leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. To create a continuous dimension as shown.rvt. In this exercise. Arrange notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. 13. Sections and Elevations s 343 .12. 14. and dimensions for clarity. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. The west elevation now contains material notes. slope indicators. and vertical dimensions.

you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. dimensions. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. In this exercise. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. and cabinetry. 3.rvt. Highlight the view. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. special closets. Click Open View. Right-click. Click Find Referring Views.Sections and Elevations . A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. In the Project Browser. kitchens. equipment rooms. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This view was already defined in the drawing. 2.

The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Dimension panel. click OK. Click the value field for Units Format 8. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view.4. click Aligned. 6. 5. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. 7. In the Name box. Clear Use Project Settings. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Right-click. s s s s Click Duplicate. Sections and Elevations s 345 . On the Annotate tab.

In this exercise. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 10. detail the interior section.9. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt.Sections and Elevations . Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools.

The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. d. it depends. All of the above. Walls c. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Not in Concrete b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. True b. such as north. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Nobody in Charge d. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Create a section view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. b. The direction the viewer is facing. 2. Not in Contract c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Cabinetry d. The orientation of the exterior elevation. is always the true orientation. The direction the structure is facing. c. General Questions 1. c. s Create slope annotations. b. Show the relationships between elements. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. 4. a. False 3. s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. All of the above 5. Either one.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.

The dotted line indicates: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. b. click Sheet Composition > View. False 5. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. d. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. True b. but not a 6. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. West c.Sections and Elevations . a. b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. 4. b and c. Which elevation is it? a. The height of the view. Element properties c. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. East b. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Click Add View. North 3. c. The Visual Style of the view. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. True b. Right-click. c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . False 2. On the View tab. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Sun and Shadow b. The boundaries of the view. The detail level of the view. d. South d. a.

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. s Load a schedule tag.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 3. 4. 5. Review Schedules. s Export a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 6. 2.

Schedules . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

Technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and thickness. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. About Schedules s 351 . width.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. height. such as reference number. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. about the building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and Language Arts. technology. Engineering. Math (STEM).

352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. Instance. the same primary information is included. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.Schedules . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. There are different types of schedule tables. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. However. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. depending on the style of the architectural firm.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Schedules . window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. A circle. E for electrical. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Using the software. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Other letters are P for plumbing. hexagon. and A for appliances. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Like schedules. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. The following image shows door. However.

Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. hardware. s Create a room schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. materials. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. s Export a schedule. Schedules s 355 . Engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. engineering. rooms.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. technology. Technology. equipment. and you can create your own schedules. s Add room tags.

and you set the schedule to display totals. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Schedules . 2. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.rvt. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. On the View tab. Height. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. In Available Fields. Level. Continue to add fields to the schedule. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule.s Window Tag 5. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 3. Select Windows from the list. Click Add. 6. Schedules s 357 . and Width. 7. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. select Comments. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Type Mark. 4. Add Count.

Schedules . 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Select the fields. from left to right.8.

select Type Mark. Schedules s 359 . The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. From the Sort By list. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet. 1. 2.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 3. Select Blank Line. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.

Rather than make a manual calculation. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. clear Itemize Every Instance. In the Project Browser. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 2. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . in this case). On the Properties palette. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. click Edit. in the Then By sorting field. In order to calculate the total number of windows.Schedules . you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 4.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 3. Notice how the schedule has changed. click the schedule name. you can have the schedule report this. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Level.

you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. click Edit 7. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Footer. 6. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. select Title. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. In this exercise.5. and Totals. The totals for each window type now display. Count. Schedules s 361 . s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.rvt. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. From the list. On the Properties palette.

Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways.Schedules . Room size. On the Home tab. 2. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. click Overwrite the Existing Version.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Room & Area panel. In this exercise. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 3. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. based on the amount of space in each room. 4. Locate the file named Room Tag. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. ceiling type. click Room > Room. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Open. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 5. floor type. occupancy. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.rvt. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms.

In the Type Selector. 8. On the Home tab. a total of 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Room & Area panel. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 6. 7. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. click Room > Room Separation Line. Schedules s 363 .

An edit box activates. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 12. 11. On the Room & Area panel. 13.9. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The room tag updates. Click Modify. Select Room #2. s Change the word Room to Manager. click Room. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The cursor changes to sketch mode.Schedules . 10. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. s Click the Room text.

s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag. 15. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.14. On the Properties palette. Schedules s 365 . Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Added a room separation. enter Sales. s Tagged various objects. for Name.rvt.

The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. For Name. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. On the View tab. 6. 2. In the Available Fields pane. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Create panel.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list.rvt. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Set the Sort By value to Number. enter Square Footage Report. Create a Room Schedule 1.Schedules . 4. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. The completed exercise 5. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. select Number. Name. Click OK. Click Add--> after each selection. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. and Area to be included in your schedule.

9. s Set Alignment to Right. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Schedules s 367 . s Select Calculate Totals. clear Use Project Settings. In the Format dialog box.7. s Click Field Format. Change the Heading to No. Click OK. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Title and Totals from the list. Highlight the Number field. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 10. Select Grand Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Highlight the Area field. 8. Click the Formatting tab.

12. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Totaled one of the columns. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. In this exercise.rvt. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. you: s Created a room schedule. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .11. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Schedules .

2. 5. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Double-click it to open it. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. The file is created. 3. You can then use this file in other applications. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Click Save.txt) file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Click OK. locate the file you created. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Using your Windows Explorer. 4. Browse to a directory to save your report. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Schedules s 369 . Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. On the application menu.rvt. 6. Note the formatting that has been applied. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. you export the room schedule to a text file.

In this exercise. 8. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Close the text file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.Schedules .7. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.

Type b. False Summary/Questions s 371 . a. Questions 1. s Place a schedule tag. b. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. What is a schedule table? a. Instance 3. True b. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Load a schedule tag.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. None of the above. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. 2. s Reformat a schedule. s Export a schedule. Quantity c. Matrix d. you learned to: s Create a schedule. True b. a. d. False 4. A list of sheets used in a project. c.

TXT b. Modify 2. Application menu d. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Home d. View c. Annotate b. CSV d. To export a schedule. Annotate tab b. Manage tab 3. use the ____ . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. View tab c. a. XLS c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .

3. 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 2. Review Visualization.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .

Engineering. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Add planting components. s Orient walls and windows. s Assign materials. Math (STEM). you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization . You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Place a camera. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Technology. s Play a walkthrough. Finally. s Export a walkthrough. After completing this lesson. s Apply shading to a view. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a DWG file.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Export an FBX file. or camera on a path. you create a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. and Language Arts.

rvt. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Assign materials. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. s s 2. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Open Unit2_custom_family. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. s Make a camera view the active view. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You worked on animations. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . To prepare your model for rendering.

Right-click. If you do not see any change in the wall display. The wall display updates. 5. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside.Visualization . 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. The walls now display layers of materials. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select any exterior wall.3. Select one of the exterior walls. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Stud. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 6. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.

In addition to using the control arrows. Open the Default 3D view. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.7. Select walls. you can: s s s 9. 10. Click Change wall's orientation. Visualization s 377 . select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select Site: Grass. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. On the Properties palette. Select the toposurface object. Right-click. Click OK. Repeat the process for the windows. 8.

rvt. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. click Export > FBX.Visualization . Click OK in any notices and warnings. Open 3ds Max Design. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the Roof. On the application menu.FBX). you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. and click Open. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 3. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Select the file name. This will filter the file list. you have completed this exercise. Depending on your system resources. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 12. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. for Files of type. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. 2. select Autodesk (*. click Import > Import.11. Export the Model to FBX 1. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Note the file location.

Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Export the Model to DWG 1. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Open or return to Revit.rvt. Depending on your system resources. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. On the application menu. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 3. open Unit10_Export. If necessary. Close the file without saving. click Next. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. you have completed this exercise. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Visualization s 379 . Note the file location. 2.4. There is no way to update it from Revit.

6. Select two windows as shown. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Select the file name. 7. If necessary. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.max. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click File.4. Click Open. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 9. Close the File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design.Visualization . 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Open or return to Revit. In the File Link Manager . click References > File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export.rvt. click Attach This File. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 8.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 11.10. 13. 12. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the export file using the same name as before. In the dialog box. On the application menu. Visualization s 381 . The windows have updated. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the file. Open the 3D view.

you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. The windows have changed. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. In this exercise. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Click Reload. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.14. The linked file updates. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open the Files tab. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. 15. s Changed a material definition. s Oriented walls and windows.Visualization . s Close the File Link Manager.

change materials. Open Unit10_Export. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. as shown. On the View tab. If you place the camera too close to the model. Place a Camera 1. add plantings to the model. generate a rendering. Open the Site view. click Camera. you place a camera in a model. Visualization s 383 . 3. 2. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. In this exercise. and create a second rendering. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Create panel.rvt.

6. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. The camera perspective view opens. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 2. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. select Very Few Clouds.Visualization . If necessary. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Show Rendering Dialog. 7. 5. Click Show Camera. Right-click. Open the Site view again. Return to the perspective view.4. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. On the View Control Bar. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Render Setup 1. The camera will be visible.

3. Open view 3D View 1.3. Model Site panel. On the Massing & Site tab. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 2. s Click Render. Open the Site view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Visualization s 385 .30' approximately as shown. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. click Site Component. Accept the default settings for Quality. Output Settings. and Lighting. Enhance the Model 1. Click Render. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.

Revit places the image in its own view. click Edit Type. In the Save to Project dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 6. select Roofing .Visualization . click Show the Model. Select an exterior wall. 5. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Properties palette. Change Materials 1. and you can now select elements for editing. Select the roof. In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Materials list.Wood Shake. 3. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Rendering dialog box.4. 2. 5. click OK. On the Properties palette. The model displays in the view. 4. In the Rendering dialog box. click Save to Project. click Edit Type.

8. Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Edit in the Structure field. 9. 7.10. Click the Render Appearance tab. Visualization s 387 .

s Created a raytrace setup. 12.Brick Uniform Running Brown. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Generated and captured a second render image. 14.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK. click Save to Project. s Edited materials in model components. click Render. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 16. s Generated and captured a render image. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. In the Rendering dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view. s Placed site planting components in the model. In this exercise. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select Masonry .11. These images are now available as options to present to a client.rvt. 15. Save the file as Unit10_render. 13.

click 3d View > Walkthrough. Click Zoom Out (2x). Create panel. The camera and path can be edited. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Edit the camera and path. Each view. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. To place a key frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. s Right-click. Open Unit10_render. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. rendered. click to the left of the model as shown. In this exercise. and exported individually. Visualization s 389 . s Right-click again.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open floor plan view Level 1.rvt. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. or walkthroughs. in a project model. Click Zoom to Fit. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. or frame. 4. s View the animation in a media player. s On the View tab. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. 3. 2.

Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Select the direction control for the camera. 8. 6. 9. The Options Bar changes. Drag it to the left. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.Visualization . 10. Repeat for all the key frames. click Finish Walkthrough. click Edit Walkthrough. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Walkthrough panel.5. so that the camera is pointing at the model. The camera is located on the final key frame. 7. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Walkthrough panel. 11.

select Path. Check the view in several key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.12. Drag the path away from the model as shown. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 13. Visualization s 391 . If camera positions distort. From the Controls list. click Next Key Frame. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Click Edit Walkthrough. On the Walkthrough panel. 2. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Open. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 3.

The walkthrough plays in the view window. 2. File Name.Play the Walkthrough 1. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. click OK. Click Save. On the application menu. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. In the Video Compression dialog box. Click OK. Click Play. select a video compression method to hold down file size. Revit generates the external AVI file. 3. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Length/Format dialog box.rvt.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1. notice where you save the file. 4. 2.

Plan your class time accordingly.5. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Double-click the new file name. It plays in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 . 6. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.

s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you have made changes to the building model. s Edited the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player. save the Revit Architecture file. In this exercise.7. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.Visualization .

a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you use: a. True b. s Place a camera. s Apply shading to a view. s Orient walls and windows. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Assign materials. Flip Orientation d. s Export a walkthrough. True b. True b. Align c. s Export an FBX file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. a. Save As > FBX c. View > Shading d. Export > FBX 3. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Add planting components. False Summary/Questions s 395 . To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. you use: a. False 2. s Play a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Print to File b. Questions 1. Split b. Demolish 2. s Export a DWG file.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

you learn how to place structural columns.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 4.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 5. beam systems. 3. beams. 6. and braces. 2. Review structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. foundations. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beams and braces. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. In the following exercises.

posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and other structural elements will be located in a building. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . For example. beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.

About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . and other building objects. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. walls. especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Knowing where structural members.

Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place columns and beams on grids. Place beam systems and braces. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Create column grids. Structural s 401 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

or reinforced concrete. Select a floor. In this exercise. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Beams connect columns or walls. beams can be steel. 3.Structural . or concrete. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Structural columns can be steel. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. 2. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Hide Category. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . On the View Control Bar. often mainly glass. spans without walls. Open Deck Framing. wood. click Column > Structural Column. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. In residential construction. They come in types defined by size and shape. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. this is known as post and beam construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. 1. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. As with columns. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. On the Build panel of the Home tab.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. wood.

This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 3A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Structural s 403 . The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1".4. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. and 4B. 6. On the Options Bar. 8. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 7. 5. In the Type Selector. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. click Depth. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. On the View Control Bar.

Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click Hide In View > Element. 11. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Right-click. rail. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click OK. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 10. Place Beams 1.Structural . 2. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". In the Project Browser. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9".9. Click OK. and columns clearly.

Structure panel. 4. select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Click. On the Structure tab. 5. click Beam. On the Options Bar. s In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. To place beams: Structural s 405 . click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall.3. In the Type Selector.

Click Modify. Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. On the Properties palette. 6. 7. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.

Save the file as Deck Beams. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Structural s 407 . Click.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. On the Properties palette. Click on grid intersection B4. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. click Make Wall Bearing. 9. 11. as shown. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Structure panel. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.8. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. click Beam. In this exercise. Click OK. 12. If a Warning dialog box that opens.

On the Structure tab. click Sketch Beam System. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. In this exercise. 2. 3. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. click No. or number of beams in a bay. Structure panel. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.rvt. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Open Plan View Deck Framing. you: s Place beam systems. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Click the beam on Grid 1. click Beam System. click Pick Supports. s Place braces. Open Deck Beams.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. 4. Place Beam Systems 1. distance. The completed exercise 5.Structural . 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

as shown. On the Draw panel.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. 7. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall.

Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.Structural . Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. 10. On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . 11. s s s On the Draw panel.6". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Trim as necessary. On the Mode panel. s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. click Pick Supports. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click the beam on Grid 2. click Line. click Create Similar. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s 9. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.8. Click Finish. set Elevation to -0'-9". Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.2".

as shown. 3. Create panel. It has an automatic work plane. Structure panel. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 5. 2. On the View Control Bar. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Place Braces 1. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. click Brace. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structural s 411 . On the Structure tab. unlike regular elevations. 4. In the Project Browser. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Click to place the elevation. On the View tab. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium.

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Click Modify. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the Type Selector. 8. 9. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .6.Structural . to start the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the view window.

In this exercise. 11. s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 .10.rvt. you: s Placed beam systems.

Datum panel. s s In the view window. and walls. The exact location is not critical. 2. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In this exercise. as shown. The exact length is not critical. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. click Grid. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. beams. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Grid datasets. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. The numbering automatically increments. In plan views. Pull the cursor straight up. but they can also be angular and radial.Structural . To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. elevation. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. You can change a grid number at any time. and section views.

The Grid tool is still active. Structural s 415 . Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.3. Click to place a new grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4.

416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point.Structural . The new grid line is number 5. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Repeat to create grid line 4. Click to start a grid line. click to place the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 7. click Copy. 6. The new grid line will be number 3. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Pull the cursor to the left. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s Select Grid Line 2. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. close to the heads. Enter A at the keyboard. Press ENTER.5. Press ENTER.

The Grid tool is still active. On the grid line.1. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1 is still selected. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Structural s 417 . Grid 2. Change the number to 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. 9. s Select grid 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click Copy. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This completes the main grid. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. 10. s Click to place the grid line.8. 11. This grid line will be number B. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.

enter 15. s s Click grid intersection D3. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. Change the number to EE.000 o . set Offset to 15'-0". 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Create panel. Zoom to Fit. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. 3. The Grid tool is still active. On the Options Bar.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". click Grid. click Pick. s Click to start the grid line. In the Radius field.Structural . To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Press ENTER. Click in the new grid bubble. On the Draw panel. 4. On the Home tab. Click to place the grid head. select Center-Ends Arc. click Radius.

This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool.5. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. You will need to identify it easily. Click to place grid FF. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Structural s 419 . 7. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

rvt. Press ENTER. s Click grid intersection D3.Structural . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Enter 31 to change the name. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. 9. s 10. s Select grid 3. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click Mirror . s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. click Create Similar.8. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom to Fit. Click in the new grid bubble. Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 31. 11.Pick Axis.000. s In this exercise. Revit will create grid 32. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.

Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. click Column > Structural Column. In this exercise. you typically create a grid. In the Type Selector. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural s 421 . the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structure panel. s 3. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Use a column grid to place beams. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. 2. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. As a result.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. This is a steel column. s Add footings to columns. s Change a grid layout.

6. 5. click At Grids. 4.s s On the Options Bar. click Finish.Structural . Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. set Height to Level 3. 2. In the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. 3. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. A. B. C and D. 4. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Window-select all the grid lines. and beams will move to the right. The grid. click On Grids. 2. Zoom to Fit. 5. columns. Open Floor Plan Level 2.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 4. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Beam. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Structural s 423 . Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Click Grid 1. 3.

click At Columns. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. 6. click Undo.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams will move to the right. 1. On the Multiple panel. Open the Default 3D view. click No. 2. Click Redo. click Isolated. On the Quick Access toolbar. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. In the view window. click Finish.Structural . window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. 4.

The footing had been placed at Level 1. Structural s 425 . To change the size of the footing. in the Type Selector.5. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. A warning displays. 6. 7. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Press ESC to clear the column selection. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Click OK. The footing changes size. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. s On the Properties palette.

you: s Used a column grid to place columns.8.Structural . 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams. s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file. s Changed a grid layout.

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. using formulas based on physics.

s Add footings to columns. Column b. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place beam systems. Brace c. 2. All of the above. s Change a grid layout. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Questions 1. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place braces. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. True b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Use a column grid to place columns.

To create a beam system. True b. Select a beam type and define the system layout. b. Properties c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. All of the above. 2. Select the type of beam or column to place. Flip Orientation d. To change the height of a column.Structural . b. a. False 4. Pick points. True b. a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Stretch b. 5. you use: a. you can: a. c. d. If you relocate a grid line. A and B. When placing columns or beams. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A but not B. you: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. c. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. d. 3.

Susan Harrington . Smith .org Project Lead the Way.Director. Copyright s 431 . International Technology Education Association www. Randy Dymond. CA Ronald A Williams.iteaconnect. Ltd.Instructor. Mathematics. Starkweather . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Poway.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .Executive Director. PE .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Milwaukee.Teacher. Poway High School.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Inc. WI Roger Dohm . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. South Division High School.

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