Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. the display shows editable distances and angles.When sketching walls. intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.

section. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.Software Tools . windows. and 3D views. stairs. roofs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. furniture. elevation. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. You can add building elements in plan. floors. Other building elements such as doors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the two illustrations shown. If one is moved. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .While components are being sketched. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. or at any time after. the other will move as well. In the illustration shown.

In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools .

Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. and math standards.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Place a predefined Mass family. engineering. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. technology. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Constrain placement of objects. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. size. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and curtain systems. such as distance requirements from roadways. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. quickly. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. walls. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. owner. you can create in-place masses. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape.Software Tools . Masses can be edited in many ways. or masses. and then converted into building components such as floors. roofs. A designer. There are mass families available to load into a project. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools .

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. roofs.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. walls.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

tags.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and Language Arts. legends. Math (STEM). technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Annotation includes text notes. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and math standards. engineering. s Recognize temporary dimensions. This lesson relates to science. Technology. and symbol heads. s Explain the use of dimensions. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y.z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Open and use ribbon tabs. This lesson relates to science. engineering. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Options Bar. Engineering.Software Tools . 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Type Selector. and math standards. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and Language Arts. s Work with tool buttons.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.

The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. for instance. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. and rooms. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. doors. windows. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Its position is fixed.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . Some commands will not be active (that is. beams.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 33 . and text. braces. slabs. symbols. and foundations. trusses.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. columns. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. structural walls. detailing.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

and parameters. copy/paste.Software Tools . Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and inquiry. materials.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Save. Open. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close. This menu has file management tools such as New.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Print.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. families. and groups. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. with four elevation markers visible. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sheets. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.Software Tools . schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 .

click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and a selection filter counter at the far right end. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. shadow display. visual style. Windows panel on the ribbon. cropping. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. sun settings. A check mark indicates it is visible. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. level of detail. View Control Bar View scale. rendering (in 3D views). To toggle the Project Browser on/off.Software Tools . hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet.

Software Tools .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default. Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded with Edges. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. sun and shadow intensity. date and time. which can be according to the view. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools .Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls. along with other display settings. enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.Software Tools . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

Structure. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Manage and Modify. View. To activate or open a view. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool.All views are listed in the Project Browser. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Annotate. Display and Navigation s 55 . The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Insert. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Massing & Site. Collaborate. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task.

Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it. Display and Navigation s 57 . If you select items in the view window. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Properties Palette. When a context tab is active.Context Tabs. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. showing options that you can select while you are working. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 65 . Print.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. New File. Click a file name to open that file. the application menu. such as File Open. Export. File Save. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Close only appears on the application menu. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. The application menu contains file management controls. and Publish.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. To start a new project. or click New > Project from the application menu. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. After you have examined each of them. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. make the Home tab active. On the ribbon.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. 3. If you select the menu option. The completed exercise 4. 2. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Do this for other tabs.

Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. and then viewed. Close the file without saving. 7.5.Software Tools . 6. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. They disappear when you move the cursor away. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. In this exercise. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. you opened a project file. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Select Cycle Through All. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The file opens to a 3D view. You worked on this file in Getting Started.rvt. Display and Navigation s 69 . A copy is also in the courseware datasets. doubleclick the view name. Exercise 2. Open quick_start_building_elements. 2.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.

The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. On the Properties palette. 4. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click OK. and windows highlight blue. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". doors. 5. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 8. all the walls. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click any interior wall. 6. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. You are selecting everything visible. Clear Walls and Doors.3. 7. . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows.Software Tools . You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. The Modify | Walls context tab opens.

Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click any door. you opened a project file. examined the menus and toolbars. click Create panel > Create Similar. On the Properties palette. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. On the Modify | Doors context tab.9. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 11.rvt. 10. Place a door as shown. 12. Display and Navigation s 71 .

drafting views. and Language Arts. and elevation views by default. Revit provides floor plan. Engineering. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Component families include model objects (furniture. lines. floors). annotations. s Create a new in-place family. System families include levels. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. either predefined or user-created. schedules.Software Tools . Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. operating settings. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can create sections. display controls. Technology. ceiling plan. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and 3D views using the View menu. and views. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. mechanical equipment). s Work with Revit families. s Load and place component families. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Pan. In the exercises. building elements (walls. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. templates.

engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. and math standards. technology.

Use your keyboard to enter VV. There is no way to see everything in it.Exercise: View Controls A building model.Software Tools . 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 3. The display changes. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Right-click. Rightclick in the view window. Open Unit2_building_elements. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. First. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click Zoom to Fit. is an extensive database. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. Click OK.rvt. Click the Annotation Categories tab. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Four elevation markers are visible. Click Zoom to Fit. even a small one. VG also opens the dialog box.

There are two parts to an elevation. Select the roof outline. Right-click. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Enter ZF. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit.4. so be sure to select them both. On the View Control Bar. Click Open. 6. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Zoom to Fit. Right-click. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. 7. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click Zoom In Region. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Select Detail Level: Medium. Click and drag the cursor as shown. In the Project Browser. click Detail Level. 5.

76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties 1. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. Turn off visibility of the elevations.8. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment.Software Tools . doors and windows are not shown. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. change the Underlay value to None. 2. as before.

Click Rename. Right-click. For Name. Next to View Range.3. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. click Edit. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. the ridge is now visible. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. 4. Set the cut plane value to 7' .0". Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. enter Roof. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK. and where the cut plane sits.

Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 3. 2. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shading with Edges.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. In the Presets list. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Winter Solstice. Open Elevation view South. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 4. 5. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. under Solar Study. In the dialog box that opens. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Still. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Accept the location that activates. select Shadows On.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Save the file as Unit2_views. In this exercise. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . The elevation shadows update. 6.

Additionally. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. click Door. such as levels. lights. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. There are system families. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. roofs. and families in place. This exercise illustrates how you locate. commercial. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. or institutional structures. windows. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Open Unit2_views. Build panel.rvt. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Doors are considered standard family entities. furniture). objects can be defined as hosted (for example. or stand-alone (for example. railings. load.Software Tools . furniture. and place Revit families. In Revit. standard families. s A system family. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. doors and windows are dependent on walls). You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and so on. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. is predefined within Revit. you open an existing project file. and use a Revit family to place a door.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. and furniture. and annotations are examples of standard families. Doors. floors. You add closet doors to interior walls. These components are called families and there are several different types. 2. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. and floors. windows. On the Home tab. 3. walls.

a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Project files have a file extension of *. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Tag panel. 4.rfa. and Annotation.rvt. Click Open. 5. As you move your cursor near any wall. On the Modify | Place Door tab.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Furniture. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . The Door Insertion tool stays active. If you highlight a door family. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Accept the default size. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click Open. It has a number of different sizes defined. Click the Doors folder. You click to place an instance of the door family. Locate Double Panel 2. s s 6. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rfa. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Family files have a file extension of *.

and placed instances of a door family. In this exercise. simply click it. but not strongly. 8. Place an instance of the door as shown. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.rvt. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.Software Tools . The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. loaded. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.7. you located. Place two more instances of the door as shown. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 9. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.

Click OK. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The required width is not available. 5. For Name. 2. 3. 4. click Duplicate. and create an in-place family. This door needs to be 48" wide.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Select the double door as shown. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. Open Unit2_doors_walls. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . you open an existing project file.

Click OK. In the dialog box. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 5. 1.6. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 4. For Name.Software Tools . 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is to create a component family in place. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. enter Hall Clock. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. select Generic Models. 3. set the Extrusion End value to 6". click Component > Model In-Place. The door updates. 2. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. On the Home tab. Build panel. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.

Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".2". You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.6. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. loaded. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 8. 9.0' 2". 12. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 10. click Rectangle. and placed a door family. you located. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 11. You have created the base of the clock. On the Draw panel. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . as shown. 13. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.rvt. The family model updates.4" as shown. Click OK. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . In this exercise. 7. Revit will display .

s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

a. b. and place a family from a library. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. To activate a view: a. 6. s Adjust Visual Style Options. d. s Change view properties. Right-click. s Change type properties of a family. True b. False 5. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Turn on Shadows. s Create an in-place model family. d. False 2. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. s Access. Questions 1. and click Open. d. Create a 3D perspective view. context tabs. True b. a.Software Tools . s Change view displays. a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. b. and Options Bar. depending on the template selected. b. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. True b. a. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Either a or b. tab. s Open different views. c. c. The tool shown is used to: a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Zoom in Region is used to: a. c. False 4. False 3. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. All content tools are located on the ribbon. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Views can be renamed. Zoom to the entire model. load. Spin the model in 3D space. 7. Each project has several predefined views.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.

Parts d. Standard b. windows.) are called: a. depending on settings 9. Rotate c. All of the above. In-Place d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Pan and Zoom b. a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Scroll d. Multiview b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. System c. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. A family created within a project is called ________________. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. etc. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Families 11. Blocks c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Project Browser d. Properties palette 10.8. a.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create dimension and text styles. 3. 2. s Create labels. Review Revit Architecture setup. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 6. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create a project template. s Set project units. s Create dimensions and text. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 7. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. 8. (Student) Evaluate Students.

should be used.aia. linetypes. linetypes.org. Many cities and counties have their own rules. Math (STEM). based on the AIA standards.org.Standards and Building Codes . Visit the AIAS website at www. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. colors.aias. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Explain why templates are used. and the settings that are preset within them. and Language Arts. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Visit the AIA website at www. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. defining the layers. and so forth. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. To review the list of standards for each lesson. After completing this lesson. Technology. colors. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Engineering. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.This lesson relates to technology.

a bathroom. and one closet. windows. a garage. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. it cannot be called a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. doors. the number being its numerical value. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. If it lacks any of these components. If there is a fire. otherwise it is considered a carport. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. and so on. For example. defined and adopted by convention. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. like mechanical drawing. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. A unit is a particular physical quantity.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. A garage must be completely enclosed. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. one window. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and so on.Standards and Building Codes . it must have at least one door.

in the United States. or imperial. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. unit symbol ft. and other materials. Another method is to apply dual notation. unit symbol m. also known as the International System of Units. glass.. using imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. the construction industry still uses the English. In architectural drafting. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. is 169 m. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. its value is expressed in the unit meter.. such as room size and wall height. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Here h is the physical quantity. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. However. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. is 555 ft.For example.

5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. sheets. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. every 1/8" would represent 1'. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). one value representing another value. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. line weight and pattern. and viewports. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. In Revit Architecture. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale.Standards and Building Codes . Each size is designated by a letter.Scales are ratios. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size.) 8. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

The integers go from 0 to 9. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.01. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. site plan. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create and position views. notes Demolition. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. and then add a title block or other symbols.01. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.a modified version of the AIA standard. elevators. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . symbols. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. temporary Schedules Sections.

and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and other relevant information. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. For example. fonts. the electrician. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the author of the drawing. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Each building project must comply with a specific standard.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the date drawn. The column is divided into sections. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. and layer standards. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The paper is oriented landscape. drawing scales. and so on. the HVAC company. Usually. Typically. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. followed by information on the building's owner. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. that is. The next space is for tracking revisions. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. so that the height is less than the width. annotation plot sizes. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The final sections are for the sheet title and number.Standards and Building Codes .

title blocks. layer settings. dimension and text styles. required symbols. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco.

dimension styles. Technology. These can be used to build your model. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. views.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and walls. Engineering. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows.Standards and Building Codes . and Language Arts. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Settings s 101 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

click Browse. you use templates as starting points. apartments. 3.Standards and Building Codes . Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the application menu. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. factory. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. click New > Project. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Condominiums. or store. In the New Project dialog box.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Select a Template 1. In Revit. you create a new project file using a template. Open Revit to an empty project file. 2. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.

On the application menu. Click OK. click Close to close this project without saving. 6. Select the Residential-Default. In this exercise. saving set up time. you started a new project file using a standard template.4. Click Open. Settings s 103 . 5. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

The file opens to a 3D view. 3.rvt. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. The Wall tool remains active. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In the courseware datasets folder. expand Floor Plans under Views. Press ESC to cancel the wall. open ADA__Settings. In this exercise. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. click Wall. Build panel. the drawing setup options are preset.Standards and Building Codes . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. 2. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Click to start a new wall. Pull the cursor to the right. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. In the Project Browser. s Place the cursor over the left wall.

In this exercise. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.) 6. click to start a new wall.4. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Press ESC to cancel the wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. and move the cursor right. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Close the file without saving. 8. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 5. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Place the cursor over the left wall. 7. Settings s 105 . (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click Format for Length.

Open ADA_Dimensions. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. enter Big Text. 4. click Edit Type.rvt. or insert components. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Annotate tab. By default. there are two types of dimensions. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Type Properties dialog box. but also control the size and location of objects. On the Properties palette. 1. create.Standards and Building Codes . Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Click OK. 3. click Duplicate. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Dimension panel. click Aligned. For Name. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Temporary dimensions display when you select. temporary and permanent. dimensions not only display. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture.

s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. and bottom horizontal walls. Settings s 107 . Click to place. 7.5. left. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Click OK twice. 6. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. Select the top. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Text Size to 3/16". The Dimension tool is still active.

and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. 9. you opened an existing file.8. and far right vertical walls. upper.Standards and Building Codes . 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. The Dimension tool stays active. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. s s s Select the far left. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. Click to place the dimension.

Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. These are annotations. In the Project Browser. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.rvt. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. 3. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. In order to do this. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Settings s 109 . You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Notice the door and window tags. There are no annotations visible. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. In the datasets folder. and the view window displays the new plan.

The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. click Project Information. 7. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK. In the Project Browser. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Double-click to open it. 6.4. 9. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click OK to update the display of this view. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 1. Click Rename. 5. On the Manage tab. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 8. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Settings panel.Standards and Building Codes .

(Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. In the Value column of Project Address. Settings s 111 .Add a Sheet 1. 2. Rightclick. 3. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click New Sheet. Click OK. 2. Click OK. Enter the address as shown. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. or supply your own values: Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. click Edit.

It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Click Apply.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Notice the change to the title block.4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 5. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.Standards and Building Codes . 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Identity Data and Other sections.

s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 2. Select Deactivate View. Click Activate View. 3. Select Add View to Sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select the new viewport. Settings s 113 . Right-click in the view. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. 4. Right-click.

The Scale updates in the title block. The view updates on the sheet. Place the cursor 7. Finish the move. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. 6. Close the file without saving. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.5. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. deselect it.Standards and Building Codes . over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. you: select it. s Placed a view on the sheet. s Added a sheet. of the sheet.

On the application menu.5 title block template opens. Settings s 115 . Click Open. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).rft. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. This is one of the longer exercises. It opens to the Recent Files window.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Select A-11x8. 2. 4. 3.5. click New > Titleblock. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. A copy of the 11 x 8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Start Revit Architecture.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.9. select Drawn By. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. In this exercise. Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . s Click Add. On the Quick Access toolbar. 11. you created a title block using a template file. Your teacher may specify another location. Add a label for Sheet Number. Click Zoom to Fit. 10. 13. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 14. click Save to save the title block. 12. Accept the Sample Value. s Accept the Sample Value. click Close. Save the title block as A .Landscape. On the application menu. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Add a label for Checked By.rfa. 15. Right-click. Accept the Sample Value.

4. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Settings s 125 . A new sheet has been added and is the current view. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Locate your title block. 2. click New to create a new project using the default template. and then load a custom title block into your project. you create a new project file. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Click Open. Highlight the title block and click OK. Insert a Title Block 1. 5. 3. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. The title block appears in the graphics window. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. In the Recent Files window. On the View tab. Your title block is now displayed in the list.

s For Drawn By. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. Click OK. 5. Click Zoom to Fit. Settings panel. Click OK. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. The parameters on the title block will update as shown.Standards and Building Codes . 4. Click OK. 6. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. you a created a new project file. 3. click Project Information. enter Student Project Unit 3. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. 2. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Select the title block. enter your instructor's name. s For Checked By. enter your name.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. On the Manage tab.

Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. and geometry from the template. 3. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. angles. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. in addition to predefined wall types. and slope angle. In this exercise. and then load them like families. you define the title block. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. select Project Template. a dimension style. you create a new project file. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Create a Template In this exercise. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Click OK. including how the rendered image looks. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. such as 3D and plan views. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. In the New Project dialog box. There are various settings you can define for your template. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. On the application menu. and the units for your custom template. 1. 2. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. click New > Project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. On the Insert tab. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. settings. The completed exercise Settings s 127 .

4. Click the Length field in the Format column. 5. 6. On the Annotate tab.Standards and Building Codes . Open the title block A . For Name. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. On the Manage tab. Click OK twice. 8. 9. You create a custom dimension style. 7. enter 3/16" Verdana. In the Type Properties dialog box.rfa. There will be no visible change. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Duplicate. click Settings panel > Project Units. create a Dimension Style. 10. Click OK.Landscape. Next. Set the units for the template. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

11. Click OK. Select the A . Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. In the Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 12. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Rightclick. Click New Sheet. Settings s 129 . Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 15. Click OK. select Sheets (All). On the Properties palette. 14.

16. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. The title block updates. Save the file name as A-English template. You can use this template for future projects. as well as dimension style and units.rte.Standards and Building Codes . you created a new template file using a dimension style. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. Click OK. Save your project template in your class project folder. and units that you defined. In this exercise. 17. title block. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. or new combinations of existing materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed.

you learned to: s Set units in a file.Standards and Building Codes . s Create text. a. 1:3 b. True b.02 b. 1:24 d.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.05 c. s Change dimension colors. 1:32 5. English c. S. and symbols used in drawing? a. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. a. s Create a dimension style. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. A particular physical quantity. s Create labels. s Create a template. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". Using AIA Standards.02 d. AIA b. General Questions 1. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a. A. s Create a title block. 1:12 c. s Change lineweight. NCSESA 2. Metric d. A unit 4. An architect b. UBC c. P. s Create a text style. A. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. NCTM d. s Create dimensions. False 3. is defined as what? a.

Application menu > New > Sheet b. By default. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. Point offsets 3. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. To set the units in a project. To change the scale of a view. a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. To create a new sheet. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False Summary/Questions s 133 . title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. dimensions snap to: a. you click: a. you use: a. a. Wall faces b. In Revit Architecture. Application menu > Properties b. True b. False 4. False 6. True b. Wall centerlines c. Wall midpoints d. True b.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

6. s Align walls. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 2. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Trim and extend walls. 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Define a wall structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 .

and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. their construction and materials. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. List the different types of occupancy. them. After completing this lesson. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and protect its interior spaces. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. or filling in between. separate.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls.Walls .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Select Basic Wall: Exterior . an angular dimension displays. but it disappears when you begin another action. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. 5. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Stud. indicating wall length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Expand the Type Selector list. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Click to set the endpoint. Walls s 151 . As you continue to move the cursor. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Clear the Chain option. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. 4. After you create the wall. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.3.Brick on Mtl. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. the dimension updates incrementally. a dashed line displays. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. To modify a dimension. Enter 10. Select the Single Line option. click it to open an edit field. It will not print.

click Create Similar.6. The wall does not show any internal detail. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Set the Detail Level to Medium. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Modify | Walls tab. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. click Modify to stop placing walls. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Click the wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. 7. Depending on your zoom in the view.Walls . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. the controls may sit on top of one another. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. click the Detail Level icon. On the View Control Bar. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. enter 7. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Click to start the next wall. Select panel. Create panel. Press ENTER. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 8.

Also. no matter where you move the cursor. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Select the right vertical wall.9. an alignment line displays. Click Modify. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Walls s 153 . Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. 10. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Because you drew the wall from up to down. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that two dimensions display. release the mouse button to set a new length.

This is the same as clicking Modify. Click Cancel. When using the Chain option. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Right-click.Walls . Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Build panel. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays.11. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Home tab. 15. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 16. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 12. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Repeat. 14. Sketch the walls as shown. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. click Wall. Select the lower vertical wall. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 13.

17. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Clear the Chain option. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 20. Click Zoom to Fit. 19. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Select the Three Point Arc tool. After clicking the second end. Click Modify.rvt. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Walls s 155 . Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Create Similar again. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Save the project as Unit4_walls.18. In this exercise.

Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Only part of the wall highlights. you first split the walls at the intersections. 2. Both split walls are shown below. Click Modify. Split Walls 1. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 4.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. align. and extend walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. showing that there are now two separate wall sections.rvt from the previous exercise. This exercise illustrates how to split. fillet. To do this. 3. trim. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. You now remove the upper right corner. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.Walls .

If you make a mistake. 2. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Options Bar. Modify panel. On the Modify | Wall tab. Walls s 157 . On the Modify | Walls tab. Click Fillet Arc.Fillet Walls 1. click Undo and repeat the steps. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 4. Create panel. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). 3. select Radius. click Create Similar. click Delete. Enter 5'. Select any wall. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can also click the flip control. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 5.

158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 3.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. select Basic Wall: Interior . Place an interior wall as shown. The Wall tool is still active. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. You align the wall in the next steps. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 1. 2.Walls .

To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The length is not critical. Walls s 159 . Click to create a wall. such as location lines.4. The Wall Trim Tool 1. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. clear Chain. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

Select the two interior walls in turn. The walls can cross. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 2. The length is not critical.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 5. This will be the border. Select the horizontal wall as shown. Select the vertical wall as shown. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This will extend to the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 4. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.Walls . 6. 3. You can click Undo if you make a mistake.

fillet. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim. Walls s 161 . In this exercise.7.rvt.

The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . satisfy different requirements. 3. click Edit Type. 2. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. and vary in cost. In the Project Browser. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Select the Exterior wall as shown.Walls .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 1. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. On the Properties palette. The Modify tool is active by default. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.

For Name. 7. When you are finished. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. the wall structure should be as shown. Click Insert twice. except Core Boundary. Click OK. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. click Edit in the Structure value field. Walls s 163 . 8. s Click the number of Layer 3. enter 8" Insulated Stud. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click Up. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls.4. 5. Add two additional layers to the wall. has a Function you can edit. To edit the structure of the wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 6. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click Down twice. Every layer of a wall. s Select Finish 1 [4].

11. Material.9. 10. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Modify the Function. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Walls . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. select Finishes .Stud Layer. which displays plan or section views. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Material to Wood . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. 13. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Exterior . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Set the Material to Finishes . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 12. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. In the Project Browser. From the Detail level list. expand the Families branch. select Medium. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Walls s 165 . 15.14. 16. 17. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. On the Properties palette. Click Apply to update the view. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls.

Expand Walls > Basic Wall. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.18. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.Walls . defined a new wall structure. 19. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click 8" Exterior. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. You opened an existing file. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 20. Close the file without saving. In this exercise. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. From the Type Selector list. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

You can define a wall type with these elements. wood rails. such as a weatherproof outside surface. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a structural mid-section.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.Brick on Mtl. Stud walls as shown. 3. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. 2. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The model opens in a 3D view. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. In this exercise. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . for example. Select one of the Exterior . and a decorated interior surface.rvt. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. you create and modify vertically compound walls.

6. 1. As indicated in the dialog box title. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Click Split Region. click Edit. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. either horizontally or vertically. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. into regions. You can set the sample height to any value. Wall structures are Type Properties. When you split a layer. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. in the Structure value field. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You change the type. In this exercise. 7. 2. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .4. To split a layer or region horizontally. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. so all instances of this type change. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. 8. To split a layer or region vertically.Walls . To define the structure of the wall. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You can assign different materials to regions. or you will lose your changes. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. highlight one of the borders. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 5. You can split regions into other regions. If not already expanded.

In this case. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to merge the two layers. The upper split disappears. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click Merge Regions. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.Brick layer. 4. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click to merge them. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click to split the region into two parts. 3. Walls s 169 . assign Layer 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. When you merge regions. 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. After merge.3. 2. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.

3. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Change the value to 12. indicating that it is modifiable.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Click Insert. you assign the material Masonry Brick . click Modify. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". 1. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. instead of down. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. 1. After a region is split.Walls . which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Next. to the next parallel line. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. To create a new wall layer. In the Edit dialog box. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. The dimension text turns blue. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 2. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 2. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Click again to return to the original position. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Select the split line. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Press ENTER. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Click the temporary dimension text. 3. If you set the split offset down from the top. 4.

All walls of this type have been changed. it highlights in blue in the preview window. The preview changes appearance.4. as shown. Merge Region. 5. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Close the file without saving. Change the Material to Masonry . Click OK.Brick Soldier Course layer. Modify. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. and Insert Layer tools. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 7. In this exercise.Brick Soldier Course. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Split Region. 10. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 6. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click Assign Layers. It immediately highlights in blue. It also shows a thickness value. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK. because it is now the selected layer. Walls s 171 . 8. 9.

ducting. piping. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. installed.Walls . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and insulation. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and protected. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. earth. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the ventilation.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but also the natural lighting. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. the view. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values.

The height can be no less than 24". ft. An unobstructed opening of 5. if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7 sq. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.Doors and Windows . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. the width can be no less than 20".

and furniture are defined in family files. how to load additional door and window families. Doors and Windows s 187 . s Copy windows. engineering. Components such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. move. windows. technology. and copy these elements. and math standards. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. s Center a door in a wall. Technology. Engineering. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. This lesson relates to science. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Math (STEM). In this unit.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. you learn how to place doors and windows. and how to position.

Build panel.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. 3. Add Doors 1. the door swing would be to the left side. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. On the Home tab. When placing doors in a plan view. elevation view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Once a door is placed. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. In other words. or 3D view. To reverse the swing.Doors and Windows . 2. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . move the cursor to the right side of the wall. click Door. To flip the door. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. This can be done in a plan view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.

rfa. on the Modify | Place Door tab. and windows into project files. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. 3. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Doors and Windows s 189 . The display does not change.Load Families 1. 2. click Load Family. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Mode panel. walls. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. except for the Type Selector. In order to keep file size small. With the Door command active. From the Type Selector list. Click Open.

190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . If necessary. From the Type Selector. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 5. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.Doors and Windows . Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

or by using the swing control arrows. change a temporary dimension. Do not add the dimensions.6. Remember. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. If you place a door in the wrong location. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. simply click it and enter the correct value. To Doors and Windows s 191 .

7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.Doors and Windows .

Open Unit5_doors. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. From the Type Selector. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Add Windows 1. On the Home tab. or 3D view. 2. When placing windows in a plan view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. approach the wall from the right side. elevation view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. click Window. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. click Modify and select the window. You can place windows in a plan view. the outside of the window is to the left side. Build panel.

5. Window tags do not number in sequence.Doors and Windows . 4. You do not need to add dimensions. placed doors.rvt. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Place seven more windows as shown. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . loaded a door family. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. and placed windows. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.3. In this exercise. you opened an existing project.

continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. and modify the wall. window. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Dimension panel. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. you open an existing project file. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. s Align and modify walls. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. wall. 4. place a door. constrain it to be centered in a wall.rvt. 1. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. 3. click Aligned.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. 2. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. and so on. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent.

Notice the symbol. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. the other wall will remain aligned. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. This means that if one wall shifts. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. The walls are now aligned. Click the center of the door. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.Doors and Windows .s s s s Click the left wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 6. Click the lock icon to enable it. The door changes location. 5. Select the upper wall first. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the right wall. Align Walls 1. 2.

3. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.) The dimension value is now shown. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 5. Doors and Windows s 197 . Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. The walls shift and remain aligned. Right-click. Change the dimension to 16. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.

7. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . you placed a continuous dimension.6. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit.

Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Doors and Windows s 199 .rvt. especially if there are many different types. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 2. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Windows tab. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. In this exercise. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Create panel.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 1. 4. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time.

Doors and Windows . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Select the window you just placed. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Modify panel. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The window is copied. 4. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Copy. 3. The window will change appearance. 2.Copy Windows 1.

Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.rvt.

s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. cold. The stability of glass in response to wind. flat glass is a recent invention.Doors and Windows . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.

44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Align a door or window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. a. False 2. Standard b. 34" 4. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 28" b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. a. 40" d. s Place a window. True b. Custom 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Copy a door or window. 32" b. you learned to: s Place doors. If a room is used for sleeping. 36" c. 30" c. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 32" d. s Position a door or window. General Questions 1.

6. True b. Select the door. a. b. c. To change the location of a door or window. Duplicate d. Select the door. Select the door. False 5. d. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. d. Click Modify > Flip Direction. b. Click Flip Direction. Properties 3. Select the door. c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a. Click Door Properties. Copy 8. Insert d. a. a. Use door grips to reposition. A reference plane b. Click Door Properties. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Load from Library b. 4. you: a. False 2. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Clone b. Right-click. Load c.Doors and Windows . Door and window tags are placed automatically. The center snap 7. Link c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Offset c. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. To center a door or window in a wall. you use ________. True b. True b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. you use: a.

s Create railings. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. Review stairs and railings. 6. Lesson Plan 1. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 2. s Modify stair boundaries. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 5.

List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the different stair types. stair and railing types. After completing this lesson. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.

This lesson relates to technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and math standards. Engineering. Technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Then.

particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Stairs and Railings .

Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

engineering. You can define straight runs. Engineering. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. or tread. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Add a railing. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. This lesson relates to technology. For safety reasons. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. U-shaped stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and Language Arts. You create stairs in a plan view. s Create U-shaped stairs. and spiral stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. you will be able to: s Create stairs. and stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. As you move the cursor. which includes elevators. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch.Stairs and Railings . a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. of certain horizontal depth or run. Technology. and math standards.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. In multistory buildings. L-shaped runs with a landing. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. or vertical circulation. ramps. The riser and run values update accordingly. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. s Modify stairs.

The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This file is in metric units. This enables you to place the stairs properly. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.rvt. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Before you create the stairs.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. 3. you create stairs using a straight run. On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 217 . From the courseware datasets folder. Zoom in Region to the lobby. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.

5. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Circulation panel.4. In this case.Stairs and Railings . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. Click OK to close the dialog box. On the Home tab. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. click Stairs. Run is preselected. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. These tools are used to define your stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. you create a straight run.

To change the run dimension. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. the run footprint stops expanding. and then click to define the run of stairs. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 7. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical.6. Revit displays the number of risers you created. You can continue to move the cursor up. If you have not fully created the run. Stairs and Railings s 219 . you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. select Finish (green check). Select this intersection point to start your run. 10. 8. As you move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 9. On the Mode panel. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400.

To avoid overwriting the original file. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.Stairs and Railings . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. In this exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair.11. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 12. click application menu > Save As > Project. 13. and switched to a 3D view.

rvt. Activate view Floor Plans. Stairs and Railings s 221 . click Align. The stair is not centered on the landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Edit panel. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. 2. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Level 1. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. On the Modify tab.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.

4. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.Stairs and Railings . Click the center of the wall first. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Take time to make the selections correctly. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. which is located at the center of the stairs. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. If you have a scroll mouse. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. On the Options Bar. from the Prefer list. The Align command remains active. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.

Hover the cursor over the railing. railings were created with the stairs. Graphics. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. 7. Select the stairs. Change Width to 1350. s Click Duplicate. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 8. expand Sections (Building Section). and Dimensions subsections. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. enter Lobby Stairs. s Click OK.6. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. As you prehighlight them. On the Properties palette. s For Name. 9. study the instance parameters under the Constraints.

To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Stairs and Railings .10.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Cherry s s Click Modify.

Mode panel. click Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. The railings change. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 14. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The stair changes to the run sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . 13. Delete this line. Next. s Zoom in on the stairs. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project.12. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Click it to select it.

click Boundary. To place the second arc endpoint. On the Draw panel. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.Stairs and Railings . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. click the left end of the top riser. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Click to place the arc. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 18. Click Modify. 19. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .15. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 17. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 16. s On the Modify panel. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.

Next. Click to exit the Mirror command. Click CenterEnds-Arc. click Riser.21. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. On the Draw panel. Stairs and Railings s 227 . the arc center point. The left boundary will be mirrored. For the third point. First. This will define a rounded first step. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the endpoint of the right boundary. 20.

Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. In this exercise. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt.22. On the Mode panel. Open the {3D} view to see the results. you modified stair properties and boundaries. click Finish. 23.

use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Click Modify. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Stairs and Railings s 229 . place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. The completed exercise To create a railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you sketch the plan view path.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Select the right side railing. Therefore. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. This is typically done in plan view. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. For simple railings. 2. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt from the previous exercise. 3. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. To make sure you are selecting the railing. In this case. you need to define a path for the railing.

The dimensions are shown as a guide. Mode panel. On the Draw panel. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. on the Modify | Railings tab.Stairs and Railings . s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. select Chain. s s On the Options Bar. click Line. 6. click Edit Path. edit the temporary dimension. 5. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 7. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .4. You do not need to add dimensions. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Then. To set the exact distance. Once the railing is selected.

you used sketch tools to create a railing. In this exercise. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 9. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 8. Delete your lines and try again.rvt. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing.

Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Create a Reference Plane 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. In a floor plan view. set the Offset value to 850.Stairs and Railings .Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. In this exercise. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 2. the stairs appear as a U-shape. s On the Options Bar. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. s On the Home tab.rvt from the previous exercise. Work Plane panel. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. you create a reference plane. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.

Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. 5. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Circulation panel. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 6. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click OK twice. Click OK. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 4. On the Home tab. To start sketching the run. enter Exit Stairs. Matte 2. Click Edit Type. Pull the cursor straight up. click Stairs. For Name. Dark Gray. On the Properties palette. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. change the Width parameter to 900. 3.

9. 8. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer to the right. with none remaining to be created. Click to finish the stair run.Stairs and Railings .7. Press ENTER. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). enter 1925.

Click Finish Stairs again. 11. On the Stairs panel. click Finish Stairs. If you get an error message. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. but they are hidden behind walls. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Remove the additional lines.10. you select Continue to return the sketch. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Stairs and Railings s 235 . To remove the lines. 2. Use Hide/Isolate 1. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You want to inspect your stairs. On the View Control bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. it is because you have overlapping lines.

and to create a U-shaped stair. The walls are now hidden. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 2. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. This is a multistory stair.Stairs and Railings . 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Finally. 4. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. The exterior walls reappear. 6. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. In this exercise. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Reset the Display 1. Zoom in to see your stairs. 3.rvt. you learned to create a reference plane. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.3. Select the stairs so they highlight. 5. On the Properties palette. On the View Control Bar. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.

ramps. STEM Connections s 237 . and elevators. escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Stairs and Railings . but they can also be highly decorative. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. and deliver riders without wait time. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Include landings as required by your local building code. They cost less. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. this openness makes them fire hazards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. smoke guards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.

25 degrees b. 90 degrees d. True b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. True b. b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. a. and all treads should be the same run. 32" c. 30" b. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . you learned to: s Create stairs. s Create railings.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 40" 4. 45 degrees c. General Questions 1. 180 degrees 3. 36" d. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. False 2. a.

Arc d. Align Railing d. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Run. Treads. Modify c. Home b. risers 3. Circle 4. that is. Insert 2. Manage d. a. risers b. Attach Railing c. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. False 6. a. Line b.Stairs and Railings . To create railings on stairs without railings. Railings. True b. a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Rectangle c. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. riser d. risers and treads. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Pick New Host b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Fasten Railing 5. Boundary lines. riser lines c. True b. you use the _______ option. You can apply materials to different stair components. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 9. (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Evaluate Students. (Student) 10. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 6. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Discussion) 2. s Place fascia. (Student) 7. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 8.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Place gutters. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 3.

List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.Roofs . It addresses roof construction. Identify the different roof types. Calculate the rise. run. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. tiles. and downspouts. After completing this lesson. roof types. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. gutters.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Math (STEM). s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. technology. s Rake: The inclined. This lesson relates to science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. About Roofs s 243 . and math standards. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Technology. engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

snow. About Roofs s 245 . These are used more often on upscale homes. and color. are designed for shedding water and snow. and colors. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. resulting in at least one textured face. maintenance. and low maintenance roofing material. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. They come in several types. fire-resistant. and if visible. durability. and if visible. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. both low and steep. resistance to wind and fire. Sloped roofs. maintenance. and sun.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. brands. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. resistance to wind and fire. the roofing pattern. texture. and sunlight. You can use them for many different applications. as well as how effective a shelter it is. durability. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. texture. rot. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. the roofing pattern. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price.

choose a type that will suit your needs. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. This same roof on a clear. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. and so forth). A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. galvanized steel. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes.Roofs . zinc alloy. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. Therefore. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. odor. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). or corrugated structural glass. treatment for insects. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. durable. and require little maintenance. special characteristics (for example. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. fiberglass. Unfortunately. They are fire-resistant. quality. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. galvanized steel. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. consider such factors as cost. reinforced plastic. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

the requirements for underlayment. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs.

Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. A number indicates the value of the rise. and span. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. run. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 .

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 on 12. 7 and 12.When designing a roof. 7-12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.Roofs . 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. try to specify standard roof pitch. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.

or eaves.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. that convey rainwater to drains. snow. s Create a hip roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. water. often supporting a gutter. s Create a roof fascia. or ice. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Create various roof types. Once you create a roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Roofs s 255 . Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. dormers. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Place gutters. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. or roof overhangs. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Assign roof structure and materials. you work with massing shapes and not building components. you can add gutters. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. To create a roof by face. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. and fascia. soffits. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials.

256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. technology. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Technology. Engineering.

select the Name option. 4. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. In the Work Plane dialog box. Click OK to continue. To create an extruded roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched.. Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. you create an extruded roof.rvt. 3. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 2.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.

To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 4. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". In the Go To View dialog box.5. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 2. On the Work Plane panel. 6. click Line. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value.Roofs . 3. Draw panel. Click Open View. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Before sketching the roof's profile. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. select Section: Section 1. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Use the image below for guidance. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Drawing Reference Planes 1. The section view should display as shown. click Ref Plane.

Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Roofs s 259 .6. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. 5. Using the image below for guidance. Using a positive offset value. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Select the new dimension. s Click Modify. sketch from right to left along the Level line.

4. click Finish (green check). Click OK. The name displays when you select the reference plane. On the Properties palette. 7. 1. click Line. click Chain. On the Mode panel. for Name. Right-click. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Click Modify. 6. 5. enter Horizontal. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. s On the Options Bar. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 3.Roofs . 2. you can label them.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8.12" type. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view.

Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 3. 2. This is a two-step process. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.Roofs .Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 1. On the Modify tab. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Edit Geometry panel. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. carefully select the far right roof edge. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Using the images for guidance. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.

click Attach: Top/ Base. 3. Select the roof. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 2. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar. This will join the wall tops to the roof. However. open the view Sections: Section 1. Select both walls. Trim Walls 1. On the Modify Wall panel. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . In the Project Browser.4. select Attach Wall: Top.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.rvt. In this exercise.Roofs .

and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The inner loops define openings in the roof. select Garage Roof. 1. Build panel. The footprint sketch is created at 2. From the drop-down list.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Because you are in a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed. you create a gable roof using a footprint.rvt. from existing walls. so you look straight down as in a plan. On the Home tab. 3. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. by Footprint. In this exercise. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Unit7_first_roof. Click Yes. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 4. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof.

clear the Defines slope option. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. If you place a line on the wrong side. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. click Defines Slope.5. select the vertical wall on the left. s On Options Bar. click Pick Walls. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 6. Use the image below for guidance. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Next. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens.0".Roofs . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 8. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 7.

When a roof line is set to slope defining. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. The new roof displays. Select the right side roof line. Click the 9"/12" text. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. It becomes an editable field. That value displays next to the slope arrow. click Yes. defining lines separately. Select the left slope defining line.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 2. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. click Finish. change the value to 6"/12". Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 3. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. By default. Click Modify. Change this value to 6"/12". Other controls also display. 1. To complete the roof. Roofs s 267 . you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope.

5.Roofs .rvt. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

The file opens to a 3D view. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. 2. Clear Defines Slope. On Home tab. Roofs s 269 .Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. When all of the walls prehighlight. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. you create a gable roof using a footprint. click to select them. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Build panel. 4. On the Options Bar. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. To chain-select all of the walls. 3.rvt.

4. Using the image for guidance. click Rectangle. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Options Bar. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . verify the 0' 0" Offset.Create a Roof Opening 1. 2. On the Draw panel. As an alternate. Right-click. 3. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Zoom into the chimney area.

6. 2. horizontal line. As in the previous exercise. select Defines Slope. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. On the Options Bar. 4. Click Finish. Click Modify. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. click Yes. Roofs s 271 . select the Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. Select the left lower horizontal line. The slope indicator displays. 5. 3. Select the uppermost.Add Slope Lines 1.

rvt. and chimney penetration. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . attached walls. 8.7. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.

4. you create a hip roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Build panel.rvt. Create the Roof 1. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Select Defines Slope. Roofs s 273 . 2. 5. Select the three walls shown in the image. On the Options Bar. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Zoom into the area shown.0". The file should open to a 3D view. 3. set Overhang to 2' .

Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Click OK. On the Properties palette. s On the Draw panel.0". s s Clear Defines Slope. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 3. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click Finish to complete the roof. Switch to a 3D View. Right-click the ViewCube. 6. click Line. To close the roof sketch.Roofs . you use the Line tool. Raise the Roof 1. 2. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. In addition.7. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.

you created a hip roof using a footprint. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.2. In this exercise.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The file should open to a 3D view. Roofs s 277 . 3. 5. On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 7. 4. 6. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 2. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Create a Shed Roof 1. click Line. click Pick Walls. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". you create a shed roof using the footprint method.

Roofs . 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 9.8. Set the Offset to 0' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. Select the lower. 11. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 12. 10. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 13. Right-click the line. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Set the Slope to 6" / 12".

rvt. Switch to a 3D view. click Yes. you created a shed roof using a footprint.14. 15. In this exercise. Click OK. 17. 16. Finish the Roof. 18. Roofs s 279 . When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.

3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 2. Activate the view North Elevation. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. select Level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 4. Cutoff Level list. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Open the Default 3D view. On the Properties palette. 5. On the menu bar. Select the Roof. You see four levels defined in the model.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. The roof updates.

click Pick Lines. set the slope value to 3"/12". Roofs s 281 . 7. 12. On the Draw panel. Switch to a 3D View. On the Options Bar. Open Floor Plan: Level 3.6. select Defines Slope.rvt. Finish the Roof. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 10. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. To set the slope for the new roof. 9. 13. On the Home tab. Select the inner rectangle as shown. on the Properties palette. Zoom and spin to see your model. 8. 11.

select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. In the Type Selector. thereby reducing energy consumption.Roofs . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 3.rvt. Select the main roof over the house. 1. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.

Select the roof over the garage. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Edit. 2. click Duplicate. 5. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 4. For Name. For Structure Value. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Select Layer 2 as shown. s Click OK. click Edit Type.Define a Roof Structure 1. It is a generic roof type. Roofs s 283 . Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Click Insert to add a layer. 3. enter Clay Tile.

select Model. s Click OK. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 6. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. The garage roof displays a pattern. 8. In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Click OK twice.s s s In the Materials dialog box. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 7.

click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 4. to support a gutter. On the Insert tab. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Home tab. In the Open dialog box. 2. or for decoration. 3. click Roof > Fascia. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Click Open. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.rfa. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rvt. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Roofs s 285 .

Click Duplicate.Paint Finish Ivory. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Roofs . Set the Material value to Metal . click Edit Type. Matte. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. for Profile. Click OK. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 6.5. In the Type Properties dialog box. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . For Name.

Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Roofs s 287 . Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. 9. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.8.rvt. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.

For Name.rvt. Click OK. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. select Gutter .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Under Material parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. click Roof > Gutter. select Metal Aluminum. 3. s Click Duplicate. 6. 5. 1. The completed exercise 4. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Bevel: 5" x 5". The file should open to a 3D view. click Edit Type. Click OK. Place Gutters In this exercise. On the Home tab. In the Type Properties dialog box. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 2. you add gutters to a building.Roofs . under Profile parameter.

Save the file as Unit7_gutters. the gutter displays on the wrong side. If you click the interior face.7. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 10. Roofs s 289 . Segments will clean up at corners.rvt. 11. 9. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 8. you attached gutters to a roof. In this exercise. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary.

heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water.Roofs .

on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. s Place gutters. s Place fascia. Medium c. s Define a roof structure. When referring to roof slope. Low b. a. Gambrel d. True b. High d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.Roofs . Gable b. False 2. Hip c. the run is always 12. Shed 4. None of the above 3. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. True b. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a. a. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . General Questions 1.

c. profile. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Footprint. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. True b. Material 8. Trim/Extend b. a. lines c. Footprint b. Sketch c. True b. pick d. profile 2. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Walls d. TAB b. Defines Slope c. place a check mark next to: a. Sketch. a. Extrusion d. Add Slope b. b. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. To add a slope to a roofline. False 5. Expand/Contract 6. Walls. Face 3. Activate Slope 9. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Slope c. ENTER 4. d. ______ or _______. face b. Cut/Lengthen c. Change the direction of the roof. sketch. Footprint. True b. Turn slopes on or off. extrusion. extrusion. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Change the direction of the slope.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. SHIFT c. a. False 7. DEL d. a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Create an opening. Create Slope d. Roofs can be created using ______. you use: a. 10. a. A compound roof contains layers. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Footprint b. a.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3.

Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. floor. bathrooms. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. In a commercial structure. the kitchen. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements.Sections and Elevations . Sections are used to examine the roof. and special equipment. After completing this lesson. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . cabinetry. interior elevations may be used to show display cases.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. the location of special equipment. In a residential building. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. and tool racks.

Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Technology. and Language Arts.

and are properly cross-referenced. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned.Sections and Elevations . Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and foundation plans. framing. t Cross or transverse sections.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. on the long axis of the building. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. across its narrower dimension. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. unnecessary. and steel. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. partial. such as framing connections and foundation details.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s The position relationship between different elements. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members.Sections and Elevations . 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. For larger elevations.

and so forth. quantity. or methods of installation. people. Unnecessary Information Shades. East. With interior elevations. the titles assigned (North. shadows. For a wood structure. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The size of the object is listed first. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. For example. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. and then the name of the material. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. cars. Therefore. however." Mfr. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. bushes. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You may. this is reversed. South. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. For siding. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building.

and lip. coving. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. which is a formed pressboard. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and other appliances. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It may have curves. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. or a baseboard. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. and special equipment such as toilets. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Molding is normally decorative in nature. doors. casements. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. wood. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. flush overlay. or MDF. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Hinges are concealed. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. and types of finish materials used. dishwashers.Sections and Elevations . It can also be used around doorways and windows. The trim is usually glued into place. This is more costly than regular overlay. and materials used. Molding is usually made of plaster. This is usually done using a topset. doors and direction of door swings. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. tile. other openings. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. or decorative patterns. shelf arrangements. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". windows. or linoleum) and the wall. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. chamfers.

and a section symbol on all plans. s Add slope annotations. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create an interior elevation. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . which you can then add to a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Change the section head. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room.

but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Technology.Sections and Elevations . Math (STEM). Once created. This lesson relates to science. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . engineering. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. and Language Arts. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. A section is a horizontal view. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. like an elevation.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow.

the section symbol does not display in that plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. or other section view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. provided its crop region intersects the view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. elevation. For example.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. the section does not display in the elevation view. By resizing the crop region. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.Sections and Elevations .

the slope of this roof is 2:12. Slope is also referred to as pitch. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. such as anchor bolts and siding.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. In the example shown. Details are crucial for effective construction. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Add detail notes. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Add breaklines as needed. So. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Add structural details. Once you create the detail section. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. tracing over the existing elements. In a set of construction documents. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations . try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

Create a Section View 1. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 4. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 3. Open the file ADA_Sections. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.rvt. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The completed exercise 6. Create panel. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The file opens to a 3D view. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 2. click Section. The Section command is available from the View tab.

Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 2. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. This is called the crop region.Sections and Elevations . the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Section Properties 1. On the Properties palette. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 3. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The actual location is not critical. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. With the section line selected.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. and it has control grips to resize it. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

8. 7. Save the file as Unit8_section1. change Far Clip Offset to 10. When you drew the section line. The section view updates. In the Properties palette. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 5. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. you automatically created a section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. 6. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 313 .rvt. In this exercise. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Note that the stairs are now easier to see.4.

1 point Filled. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. and Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Several section head families are available. Click OK. They include Section Head . Settings panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. click Load Family. On the Insert tab. 2.rvt. enter Open Arrow. Load from Library panel. Click Open to load the family.rfa. 3. 6. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 5. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. On the Manage tab. Section Head .No Arrow. The view does not change. click Duplicate. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.Filled. 7. 4. Select Section Head-Open.

Save as Unit8_section_open. In this exercise. For Name.rvt. For Section Head. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 14. Select the section line. Click Duplicate.8. click Edit Type.Open. select Section Head . 9. Sections and Elevations s 315 . In the Section Tag field. 10. Click OK. select Open Arrow. enter Open Arrow. 12. On the Properties palette. 11. The section head updates to the new head type. Click OK. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 13.

set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". click Callout. 6. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Create panel.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. To reposition the callout head. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 4. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. This is a building section. 2. Use the image below for guidance. On the Options Bar. On the View tab. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. select the border of the callout.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 3. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 5. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.

select Chain. 1. 4. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Line is selected automatically. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. as shown.rvt. region patterns. 3. detail components. 2. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. You can add detail lines. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.7. but not strongly. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 8. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Properties palette. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. click Region > Filled Region.

On the Properties palette. 7. 6.Sections and Elevations .5. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Modify. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click OK. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. For Name. Select the upper and right side lines. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. enter Earth.

1. On the Place Detail Component tab. From the Fill Pattern list.rfa. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Detail panel. the pattern becomes visible. click Load Family. On the Mode panel. On the Annotate tab. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. If you zoom in closer. Click Open.8. Sections and Elevations s 319 .Section. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. select Finish (green check). 3. click Component > Detail Component. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 9. 2.

Sections and Elevations . Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. From the Type Selector. In the Specify Types dialog box.4. Click OK. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 5. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

Sections and Elevations s 321 . From the Type Selector. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Using the image below for guidance. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. 7. Move it after placement if necessary. select Plywood.6. From the Type Selector list.

On the Properties palette. Place the component similarly to the image below.Sections and Elevations . Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. This component represents the subflooring. select anchor bolt. Click Component > Detail Component. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Use the image below for guidance. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Modify. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the vertical plywood. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 12. From the Type Selector. 10. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 11.9. set the Thickness to 3/4".

select Copy. select Multiple. Use the image below for guidance. Click Modify. From the Type Selector. Add another Detail Component. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Lap Siding. On the Modify panel of the context tab. 14. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.13.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 2. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel.Sections and Elevations . Add Detail Lines 1. From the Line Style Selector. select Wide Lines. Save the file.15. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 16. click Detail Line. Start at the end of the siding.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 5. 4. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.3. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel.

Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list.Sections and Elevations . Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Modify. Select the wall so it highlights. 8. select the Material field in row 3. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Detail panel. Save the file. identified as Wall material 1. 9. 10. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Right-click. 7. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. The wall display updates. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Insulation.6. Next. On the Annotate tab. 2. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Add Insulation 1.

Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 1. Sections and Elevations s 327 . select Break Line. From the Type Selector. click Component > Detail Component. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Your view should resemble the image shown. 3. Detail panel.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. On the Annotate tab.

7. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool.4. Save the file. To complete the detail. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. 5. Click Zoom to Fit. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides.Sections and Elevations . 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You place another breakline. detail lines. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Place the breakline as shown. 6. and detail components to it. The view should resemble the image shown. The Detail Component tool is still active. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. In this exercise.

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). quantity. With nothing selected in the view. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. s Clear Annotation Crop. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The size of the object is listed first. 2. 1. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.rvt. 3. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. weatherproofing. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The border around the view will disappear. To add notes. or methods of installation.

Move the pointer up 11. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. R13. Finally. 5. 10. click Two Segments. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4" WEATHERING. 9. From the Type list. 8. 12. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.Sections and Elevations . As you pull your cursor to the right. On the Annotate tab. 6. On the Format panel. click Text. leader arrow as shown. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. insulation. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 7. Text panel. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.4. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry.

is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 . and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. 20. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 19. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.C. 18. O. Enter 5/8" GWB . 16. . CONT is short for Continuous.C. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.C. 17. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Start the next text at the baseboard.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Click off the text to finish the entry. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.13.. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. as the second line of text.TYPE X. 15. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 14. Start the next text at the floorboard.

Click ENTER to start a second line. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. In this exercise..Sections and Elevations . 22. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click Zoom to Fit. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rvt. 21. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Modify. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 23.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Project Browser.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. click Load. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Highlight your title block. Click New Sheet. Sections and Elevations s 333 . highlight Sheets.rvt. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 5. The new sheet becomes the current view. In this exercise. and locate the detail view on it. 2. Right-click. 6. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 3. section.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Locate the A-Landscape. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 4. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Click Open. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. or elevation view.

On the View Control Bar. select view Detail at Foundation. In the Project Browser. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Click the control at its left end.7. 9. Select a Level Line. Drag it to the right. 8. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. click Hide Crop Region. close to the crop border. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View Control Bar. click Show Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . Both Level ends will move together.

s Modified the label values in the title block. Right-click.rvt. Click Rename. In the Project Browser. 11. highlight the new sheet. Click OK.10. Click Zoom to Fit. For Name. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. you: s Created a new sheet. 12. 13. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Number. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. In this exercise. enter S.301. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.

four elevation views are included: north. 2. Click OK. Open ADA_Elevations.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. and west. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Click Zoom to Fit. south. Click the Annotations tab. It is defined by the green dotted line. Select Elevations. 6. 2. 4. s Add material notes. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add slope indication for roof. The elevation markers are now visible. Right-click. s Set the display for building components as needed.Sections and Elevations . 5. east. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Add any necessary dimensions. 3. When you create a project with a template. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.

4. 3. On the View Control Bar. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. clear Planting. Next. Switch to an Elevation View 1.2. 5. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Annotations tab. On the Modelling tab. clear Sections.

8. and modified the wall display characteristics. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 13.7. select Edit in the Structure field. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. Select Sand. 12. click to open the list. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 9. In Surface Pattern.Sections and Elevations . It will be identified as Condo . Click the button that displays to select a material. Select the wall.Exterior Stucco. Select the Material field for Layer 1. On the Properties palette. you activated an elevation view. Click Zoom to Fit. click Edit Type.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 11. modified its display.

Add a note for the stone wall. Set the Leader type to One Segment. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first. quantity. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 4.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 3. 2. In the Type Selector.rvt. Enter TX. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 5. or methods of installation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the foundation.

Add a note for the exterior stucco.6. In this exercise. 9. 7.rvt. 8. Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the roof. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations .

1. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. from the Slope Representation list. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Options Bar. enter 1/8". On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. click Spot Slope. 3. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 5. 2. Click to select the roof line. Sections and Elevations s 341 . select Triangle.rvt. 6. 4. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. For Offset from Reference.

342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Dimension panel. 11. Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 9. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 10. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab. Click to locate the slope indicator.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable.7. click Aligned.

12. select wall breaks and levels. and vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. In this exercise. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and dimensions for clarity. The west elevation now contains material notes. 13. slope indicators. Arrange notes. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. leaders. 14.rvt. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.Sections and Elevations . kitchens. equipment rooms. In this exercise. 2. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Click Find Referring Views. dimensions. Right-click.rvt. In the Project Browser. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. and cabinetry. special closets. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Click Open View. This view was already defined in the drawing. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 3. Highlight the view.

In the Name box. 6. Sections and Elevations s 345 . You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Right-click. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. click OK. 7.4. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. click Aligned. s s s s Click Duplicate. Dimension panel. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Click the value field for Units Format 8. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. On the Annotate tab. Clear Use Project Settings. 5.

detail the interior section. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. You modified a dimension style.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. 10. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9.rvt. Using the Text and Dimension tools.

Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Bathrooms and kitchens b. Not in Contract c. All of the above. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Cabinetry d. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. General Questions 1. 4. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. All of the above 5. c. s Create slope annotations. Not in Concrete b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Either one. b. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Create material annotations. is always the true orientation. such as north. a. c. 2. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create a section view.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. False 3. Walls c. Show the relationships between elements. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. d. Nobody in Charge d. The direction the structure is facing. The orientation of the exterior elevation. The direction the viewer is facing. it depends. True b. b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a.

d. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. c. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. b. d. The boundaries of the view. Click Add View. Which elevation is it? a. False 2. c. The detail level of the view. On the View tab. The Visual Style of the view. North 3. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. a. False 5. The dotted line indicates: a. but not a 6. Element properties c. The height of the view. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Sections and Elevations . a. you use: a. True b. 4. East b. True b. b and c. West c. Sun and Shadow b. click Sheet Composition > View. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. South d. b.

Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 6. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. 3. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 4. 5.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 2. Lesson Plan 1. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules . After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. About Schedules s 351 . Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. and Language Arts. and thickness. height. such as reference number. technology. Some of these building objects include. width. engineering. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Technology.

and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.Schedules . each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Instance. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . However. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. the same primary information is included. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. There are different types of schedule tables. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

However. Other letters are P for plumbing.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. E for electrical. and A for appliances. A circle. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Using the software. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Like schedules. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. hexagon. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.Schedules . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. The following image shows door.

Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and you can create your own schedules.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and Language Arts. equipment. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. hardware. Project templates include preset schedules. Math (STEM). technology. Engineering. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. This lesson relates to science. s Create a room schedule. Technology. rooms. and math standards. materials. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. s Export a schedule. Schedules list items such as doors. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. s Add room tags. Schedules s 355 . To review the list of standards for each lesson.

You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. 2.Schedules . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt.

4. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. and Width. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 6. 3. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Click Add. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Type Mark. Level. Height. Add Count. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. select Comments. In Available Fields. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Schedules s 357 . Select Windows from the list. 7. On the View tab.s Window Tag 5.

358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. from left to right. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. 9. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Select the fields.8. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Click OK to finish the schedule.

select Type Mark. 1. 3. 2. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. On the Properties palette for the schedule view.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. but without any useful calculations yet. Schedules s 359 . From the Sort By list. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Select Blank Line. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.

you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Rather than make a manual calculation.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. On the Properties palette.Schedules . 3. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. for Sorting/ Grouping. click the schedule name. In the Project Browser. in this case). 2. in the Then By sorting field. you can have the schedule report this. Notice how the schedule has changed. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. clear Itemize Every Instance. In order to calculate the total number of windows. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. click Edit. select Level. 1.

This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.rvt. On the Properties palette. From the list. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Schedules s 361 . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit 7. The totals for each window type now display. In this exercise. Count. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. select Footer. and Totals. select Title. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. 6.5. for Sorting/ Grouping.

Room size. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. ceiling type. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Room & Area panel. 4. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 2. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Click Open. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.Schedules . In this exercise. floor type.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. click Room > Room. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.rvt. occupancy. based on the amount of space in each room. 3. 5. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Locate the file named Room Tag. On the Home tab.

The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. a total of 7. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 8. On the Home tab. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Schedules s 363 . 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. click Room > Room Separation Line. and in the hall as shown. 6. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor.

The room tag updates. Click Modify. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 10. 12. On the Room & Area panel.9. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room.Schedules . Place a room tag below the room separation line. Select Room #2. The area value for Room 7 updates. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 13. 11. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Click the Room text. An edit box activates. s Change the word Room to Manager.

s Changed room tag field values. 15. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Added a room separation. On the Properties palette. Schedules s 365 .14.rvt. s Tagged various objects. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. In this exercise. enter Sales. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. for Name.

For Name. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Set the Sort By value to Number. enter Square Footage Report.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. On the View tab. Click Add--> after each selection. and Area to be included in your schedule. 2. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. In the Available Fields pane.Schedules . The completed exercise 5. Click OK.rvt. select Number. Create panel. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Create a Room Schedule 1. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Name. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 4. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 3. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 6.

Select Grand Totals. Change the Heading to No. s Set Alignment to Right. Click the Formatting tab. s Select Calculate Totals. 9.7. s Set Units to Square Feet. 8. In the Format dialog box. clear Use Project Settings. Schedules s 367 . Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Number field. Click OK. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 10. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Highlight the Area field.

s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. s Totaled one of the columns. Click OK to exit the dialog box. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise.11. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. 12. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Save as Unit9_room_schedule.rvt. you: s Created a room schedule.

txt) file. 4. 2. Schedules s 369 . 5. Note the formatting that has been applied. Double-click it to open it. locate the file you created. Click OK. you export the room schedule to a text file. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.rvt. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 3. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Browse to a directory to save your report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. On the application menu. Click Save. You can then use this file in other applications. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The file is created. 6. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Using your Windows Explorer.

8. Close the text file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. In this exercise. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .7. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.

A list of sheets used in a project. A list of information that defines specific building objects. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. d. False Summary/Questions s 371 . What is a schedule table? a. 2. c. False 4. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Export a schedule. Quantity c. a. Questions 1. None of the above. Matrix d. s Place a schedule tag. Instance 3. Type b. a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Reformat a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. True b. b.

Schedules are created from the ____ tab. use the ____ . Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. XLS c. Modify 2. Annotate b. To export a schedule. Application menu d. View c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. a. Manage tab 3. CSV d. View tab c.Schedules . TXT b. Home d. Annotate tab b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Visualization.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 3.

The animation file can be played in any media player. s Assign materials.Visualization . This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Orient walls and windows. Engineering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Apply shading to a view. and Language Arts. s Export an FBX file. Technology. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. or camera on a path. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson. s Play a walkthrough. s Add planting components.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Finally. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. s Export a DWG file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Place a camera. you create a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Math (STEM).

rvt. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Open Unit2_custom_family. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. s Make a camera view the active view. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Assign materials. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. To prepare your model for rendering. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. courseware datasets. s s 2. You worked on animations. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.

The walls now display layers of materials. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Select one of the exterior walls. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. If you do not see any change in the wall display.3. 5.Visualization . verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . All the exterior walls highlight in blue. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The wall display updates. 6. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Select any exterior wall. Right-click. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Stud. 4. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.

On the Properties palette. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Repeat the process for the windows. Right-click. Click Change wall's orientation. Open the Default 3D view. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 10. 8. Visualization s 377 . Click OK. you can: s s s 9. Select walls. In addition to using the control arrows. Select Site: Grass. Select the toposurface object.7. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.

Save the file as Unit10_Export. Select the file name.11. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Export the Model to FBX 1. for Files of type. On the application menu. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.rvt. and click Open. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Note the file location. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Import > Import.FBX). you have completed this exercise. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Open 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources.Visualization . The file opens in 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Select the Roof. 2. 12. click Export > FBX. 3. This will filter the file list.

2. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. If necessary. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. open Unit10_Export. There is no way to update it from Revit. click Next. Open or return to Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Visualization s 379 . In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to DWG 1. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.rvt.4. 3. Note the file location. Depending on your system resources. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Close the file without saving. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

Select two windows as shown. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 6.rvt. Open or return to Revit. If necessary. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 9. Open 3ds Max Design. 5. click References > File Link Manager. click Attach This File. 7. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click File. On the application menu. open Unit10_Export.max.Visualization . Select the file name. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 8. Close the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. In the File Link Manager .4.

The windows have updated. 13. 11. Visualization s 381 . 12. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. On the application menu. Save the export file using the same name as before. Open the 3D view.10. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

The linked file updates. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise.14.Visualization . 15. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Close the File Link Manager. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the Files tab. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click Reload. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Changed a material definition. The windows have changed. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.

click Camera. as shown. If you place the camera too close to the model. add plantings to the model. 2. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera.rvt. In this exercise.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. you place a camera in a model. Visualization s 383 . change materials. Open the Site view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 3. On the View tab. Create panel. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Place a Camera 1. and create a second rendering. Open Unit10_Export. generate a rendering. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.

7. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. Open the Site view again. click Show Rendering Dialog. The camera perspective view opens. Click Show Camera. Right-click. Render Setup 1. select Very Few Clouds.Visualization . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 5.4. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 6. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. On the View Control Bar. The camera will be visible. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Return to the perspective view. If necessary. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. s s s s Open a floor plan view.

s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render. Enhance the Model 1. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open view 3D View 1.3. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Accept the default settings for Quality.30' approximately as shown. Open the Site view. Visualization s 385 . Output Settings. click Site Component. On the Massing & Site tab. 2. Model Site panel. 3. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. and Lighting. Click Render.

click OK. In the Save to Project dialog box. 2. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Change Materials 1. click Edit Type. 4. Revit places the image in its own view. 3. and you can now select elements for editing. click Save to Project. On the Properties palette. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. Select an exterior wall. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field. Select the roof. select Roofing . 5. click Edit Type. The model displays in the view.4.Wood Shake.Visualization . On the Properties palette. 6. In the Materials list. click Show the Model.

10. Select the icon next to Masonry . 8. Click the Render Appearance tab.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace. 7. Visualization s 387 .

15. In the Rendering dialog box.Brick Uniform Running Brown. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise. In the Rendering dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. click Render. 16.rvt. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 12. Select Masonry . s Created a raytrace setup.Visualization . s Generated and captured a second render image. s Placed site planting components in the model. 13. Save the file as Unit10_render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Generated and captured a render image.11. Click OK. 14. s Edited materials in model components. click Save to Project.

The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. 4. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. or frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Create panel. Click Zoom Out (2x). Visualization s 389 . in a project model. 2. 3. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. and exported individually. In this exercise. The camera and path can be edited. click to the left of the model as shown. The cursor changes to a crosshair. or walkthroughs. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s Right-click again. To place a key frame. Open floor plan view Level 1. s View the animation in a media player. Open Unit10_render. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. s Edit the camera and path. s On the View tab. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. s Right-click. rendered.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Each view. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.

On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. click Finish Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 11.Visualization . Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Drag it to the left. 9. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. click Edit Walkthrough. 6. The Options Bar changes. The camera is located on the final key frame. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel.5. 7. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 10. Select the direction control for the camera. 8. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Edit the Walkthrough 1. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Click Open. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 2. On the Walkthrough panel.12. 13. The path displays control dots at key frames. 3. If camera positions distort. click Next Key Frame. select Path. From the Controls list. Visualization s 391 . Check the view in several key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.

In the Video Compression dialog box. 2. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 2. Click OK. select a video compression method to hold down file size. On the application menu. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Length/Format dialog box. 3.rvt. The walkthrough plays in the view window. notice where you save the file. Click Save. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 4. click OK.Visualization . click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Revit generates the external AVI file.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click Play. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Export the Walkthrough 1. File Name.

Double-click the new file name. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. 6. Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.5. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Plan your class time accordingly.

save the Revit Architecture file. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.Visualization . s Edited the path. In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you have made changes to the building model. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.7.

a. Print to File b. Export > FBX 3. Split b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. View > Shading d. you use: a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Create a raytrace rendering. True b. Demolish 2. Questions 1. True b. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Add planting components. s Orient walls and windows. Align c. you use: a. False 2. s Create and edit a walkthrough. a. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Save As > FBX c. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export a walkthrough. a. s Export an FBX file. s Place a camera. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Play a walkthrough. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view. Flip Orientation d. s Export a DWG file. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. s Assign materials.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Lesson Plan 1. foundations. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. beam systems. Review structural columns. 2. 3. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . you learn how to place structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . The Datum panel enables you to place grids. beams and braces. In the following exercises. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 6. and braces. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces.

398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . beams. For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.Structural . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . walls.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.Structural . and other building objects. Knowing where structural members. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.

Place columns and beams on grids. After completing this lesson. Technology.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Structural s 401 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Create column grids. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Engineering. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Place beam systems and braces.

The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Select a floor. They come in types defined by size and shape. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. this is known as post and beam construction. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. or reinforced concrete. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. In this exercise. In residential construction. Open Deck Framing. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . spans without walls. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. On the Build panel of the Home tab. beams can be steel. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 3.Hide Category. or concrete. click Column > Structural Column. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Structural columns can be steel. 1. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . wood. 2. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Structural . Beams connect columns or walls. wood. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. often mainly glass. As with columns. On the View Control Bar.

click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and 4B.4. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 8. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. On the View Control Bar. In the Type Selector. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 3A. 6. Structural s 403 . Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 7. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 5. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. On the Options Bar. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". click Depth. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The Properties palette displays the floor properties.

404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. 11. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser. Click Hide In View > Element.9. rail. Place Beams 1. Right-click. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the two floors. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK. 2. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). and columns clearly.Structural . The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click OK. 10.

select Chain.3. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 5. Structure panel. On the Options Bar. 4. On the Structure tab. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. click Beam. Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s In the view window.

7. Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 6. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify.Structural . On the Properties palette. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

click Beam. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Click OK. 9. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Click. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.8. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structural s 407 . In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click on grid intersection B4. as shown. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 11. click Make Wall Bearing.rvt. If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. 12. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Structure panel.

Structure panel. click Pick Supports.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. click No. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab.Structural . 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 2. 3. In this exercise. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Open Plan View Deck Framing. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Structure tab. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan.rvt. Open Deck Beams. The completed exercise 5. 4. distance. Place Beam Systems 1. click Sketch Beam System. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. you: s Place beam systems. or number of beams in a bay. s Place braces. click Beam System. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Click the beam on Grid 1.

Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall.6. 7. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. On the Draw panel. as shown.

410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Pick Supports. Click Finish. On the Mode panel. click Line. On the Properties palette. click Create Similar.8.6". s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. click Finish (green check). s s s On the Draw panel. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s 9. Trim as necessary. 10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s s On the Draw panel. set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Properties palette. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.Structural . 11. Click the beam on Grid 2.2". set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .

On the Structure tab. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. 4. 2. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 5. On the View Control Bar. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. unlike regular elevations. Structure panel. Structural s 411 . Create panel. Adjust the view crop region as shown.Place Braces 1. as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. It has an automatic work plane. click Brace. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the View tab. In the Project Browser. 3. Click to place the elevation.

7.Structural . Repeat the brace going right to left. In the view window.6. Click Modify. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the Type Selector. 8. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. to start the brace. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. Structural s 413 . you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise. 11.10. Save the file as Deck structure. s Placed braces.

you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. and section views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. elevation. The exact length is not critical. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. and walls.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. In plan views. Grid datasets. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. In this exercise. but they can also be angular and radial. s s In the view window. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. This is a common step early in designing a large building. click Grid. beams. 2. The exact location is not critical. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Pull the cursor straight up.Structural . Datum panel. click in the lower left to start a grid line. You can change a grid number at any time. as shown. The numbering automatically increments. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab.

3. 4. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. Click to place a new grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".

close to the heads. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Repeat to create grid line 4. 6. Click to start a grid line. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Press ENTER. s Select Grid Line 2. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Pull the cursor to the right. 7. Enter A at the keyboard. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. The new grid line is number 5.5. click to place the grid line. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Pull the cursor to the left. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Press ENTER.Structural . s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. click Copy. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. The new grid line will be number 3.

Structural s 417 .1. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. click the elbow control to place an offset. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.1 is still selected. The Grid tool is still active. s Click to place the grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. On the grid line. This completes the main grid. 11. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Change the number to 2. s Select grid 2.8. This grid line will be number B. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Grid 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. 9. s Click Copy. 10.

Change the number to EE. 4. click Grid. Zoom to Fit. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Click to place the grid head. On the Options Bar. s Click to start the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. 3. select Center-Ends Arc. The Grid tool is still active.Structural . Click in the new grid bubble. Create panel. In the Radius field. enter 15. On the Options Bar. set Offset to 15'-0". Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Press ENTER. s s Click grid intersection D3. On the Home tab. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. click Radius. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Pick.000 o .

The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click to place grid FF. You will need to identify it easily.5. Drag it down below the radial grids. 6. Select grid 3 to show its controls. 7. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Structural s 419 .

9. Press ENTER. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.000. Enter 31 to change the name. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar.Pick Axis. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Zoom to Fit. 11. click Mirror . s Select grid 3. Click in the new grid bubble. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s In this exercise.8. Click to place the grid line. s Click grid intersection D3. s 10.Structural .rvt. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Revit will create grid 32. s Select grid 31.

s Change a grid layout. As a result. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Column > Structural Column. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. you typically create a grid. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Structural s 421 . you: s Use a column grid to place columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Add footings to columns. s 3. This is a steel column. Structure panel. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s Use a column grid to place beams.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. 2. In the Type Selector.

4. B. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.s s On the Options Bar. On the Multiple panel. In the Multiple panel.Structural . set Height to Level 3. 3. 5. 6. A. click Finish. 4. 2. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click At Grids. C and D.

Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 4. Zoom to Fit. click Finish. Window-select all the grid lines. On the Multiple panel. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. columns. The grid. click On Grids. and beams will move to the right. 5. Click Grid 1. On the Multiple panel. Open Floor Plan Level 2. click Beam. 2. Structural s 423 . Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 3. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0".

If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams will move to the right. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click No. 2. 1. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. 6. click Undo.Structural . On the Quick Access toolbar. 3. click Finish. click Isolated. In the view window. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Open the Default 3D view. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click At Columns. 4.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel.

s On the Properties palette. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. The footing changes size. Structural s 425 . Press ESC to clear the column selection. A warning displays.5. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 7. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. To change the size of the footing. The footing had been placed at Level 1. 6. Click OK.

s Used a column grid to place beams. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Added footings to columns. s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. Save and close the file.8.Structural . In this exercise.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. using formulas based on physics.Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Questions 1. s Add footings to columns. s Place beam systems. s Place braces. Beam d. All of the above. Brace c. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. 2. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Change a grid layout. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Use a column grid to place columns. Column b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.

you: a. A but not B. b. When placing columns or beams. you use: a. d. If you relocate a grid line. Use grid lines and grid intersections. b. c. 5. All of the above. Select a beam type and define the system layout. d. Select the type of beam or column to place.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create a beam system. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 2. a. c. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you can: a. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Flip Orientation d. A and B. 3. Properties c. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. False 4. True b. Stretch b. To change the height of a column. True b.Structural . You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Pick points. a.

Poway High School.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . International Technology Education Association www. Copyright s 431 .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. CA Ronald A Williams.Executive Director. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Ltd.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. PE . Starkweather .Instructor. Inc.Director. Poway. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Smith . South Division High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Milwaukee.org Project Lead the Way. WI Roger Dohm . Mathematics. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.iteaconnect. Randy Dymond. Susan Harrington .Teacher.

. or parts thereof. AutoCAD Civil 3D. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . for any purpose. this publication. Autodesk Inventor. AutoCAD Architecture. AutoCAD. may not be reproduced in any form. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. “AS IS. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. All other brand names. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Autodesk Revit Architecture. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Published by: Autodesk. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. by any method. CA 94903.” AUTODESK. All rights reserved.© 2010 Autodesk. AutoCAD MEP. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael.. Inc. product names. All rights reserved. Inc. INC. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Inc. Inc. INC. 2010 Autodesk. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Trademarks Autodesk. Autodesk Revit MEP. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc.

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