Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

2

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

3

Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

4

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

5

6

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

s

7

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

8

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . Distances can be adjusted at any time. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. the display shows editable distances and angles. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.When sketching walls.

Software Tools . 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . roofs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. windows. Other building elements such as doors. floors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. section. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. You can add building elements in plan. furniture. stairs. and 3D views. elevation.

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . If one is moved. the other will move as well. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the illustration shown.While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.

Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved.

Technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and Language Arts. engineering. and math standards. technology. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Math (STEM). s Constrain placement of objects. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Place a predefined Mass family. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

There are mass families available to load into a project. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Masses can be edited in many ways. quickly. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. A designer. roofs. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then converted into building components such as floors. walls. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. owner.Software Tools . Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. such as distance requirements from roadways. size. you can create in-place masses. and curtain systems. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. masses. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs. or within.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

This lesson relates to science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. legends. and symbol heads. To review the list of standards for each lesson. tags. and math standards. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Engineering. technology. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Technology. s Explain the use of dimensions. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Math (STEM). Annotation includes text notes. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.

y.z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

Software Tools . and Options Bar. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Work with tool buttons. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Engineering. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. the Type Selector. and math standards. Technology. and Language Arts. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . technology. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Open tabs on the ribbon. engineering. This lesson relates to science.

for instance. beams. Some commands will not be active (that is. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Its position is fixed. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. and rooms. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Display and Navigation s 31 . doors. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. windows.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 . braces. trusses. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. columns. and foundations. detailing. and text. structural walls. symbols. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.

34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 .

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools . and parameters. copy/paste. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Save.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.Software Tools . Print. Open. and Close. This menu has file management tools such as New. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. families. sheets. Legends.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. with four elevation markers visible.Software Tools . The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules. schedules. and groups.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. visual style. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. A check mark indicates it is visible. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. level of detail. and a selection filter counter at the far right end.Software Tools . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. shadow display. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Control Bar View scale. sun settings. cropping. rendering (in 3D views). Windows panel on the ribbon.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet.

Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line is the default. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. date and time. sun and shadow intensity. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. which can be according to the view. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border.Software Tools . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Crop region selected. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. These controls. enabling you to select them.

Annotate. Structure. Nine tabs are available: Home. Collaborate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Insert. Massing & Site. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Display and Navigation s 55 . View. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool.All views are listed in the Project Browser. To activate or open a view. Manage and Modify.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

the Options Bar may display below it. Properties Palette. When a context tab is active.Context Tabs. If you select items in the view window. showing options that you can select while you are working. Display and Navigation s 57 . The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Options Bar. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. a context tab opens on the ribbon.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the application menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. On the right is a list of recently opened files. New File. The application menu contains file management controls. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. and Publish.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Print. Click a file name to open that file. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Export. File Save. such as File Open.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. 2. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. After you have examined each of them. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. On the ribbon. To start a new project. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. 3. make the Home tab active. If you select the menu option. or click New > Project from the application menu. Display and Navigation s 67 . Do this for other tabs. The completed exercise 4. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. click OK in the dialog box that opens. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panel titles display under the tab titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Cycle Through All. 6. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. you opened a project file.5. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. In this exercise. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.Software Tools . and then viewed. 7. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Close the file without saving. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open quick_start_building_elements. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Project Browser. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Exercise 2. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.rvt. Display and Navigation s 69 .

the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". You are selecting everything visible. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 5. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. . Click the door in the upper left of the model. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. all the walls. 7.Software Tools . and windows highlight blue. Clear Walls and Doors. 6. 4. Click OK. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. On the Properties palette. 8. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements.3. Click any interior wall. doors. Click Filter panel > Filter.

In this exercise. 10. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Modify | Doors context tab. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 11. Place a door as shown. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool.rvt. you opened a project file. examined the menus and toolbars. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click any door. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Display and Navigation s 71 . 12. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected.9.

templates. s Load and place component families. floors). s Create a new in-place family. and Language Arts. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and views. System families include levels. Engineering. lines. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Component families include model objects (furniture. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. either predefined or user-created.Software Tools . and elevation views by default. building elements (walls. and 3D views using the View menu. schedules. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. ceiling plan. In the exercises. Pan. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Technology. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. To review the list of standards for each lesson. operating settings. mechanical equipment). s Work with Revit families. drafting views. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit provides floor plan. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. annotations. Math (STEM). You can create sections. display controls.

technology.This lesson relates to science. and math standards. engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

Click the Annotation Categories tab. Open Unit2_building_elements. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 2. The display changes.Software Tools . is an extensive database. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click OK. First. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click Zoom to Fit. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Rightclick in the view window. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click Zoom to Fit. VG also opens the dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Four elevation markers are visible. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Right-click. There is no way to see everything in it. 3.rvt. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. even a small one. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: View Controls A building model.

4. 5. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. click Detail Level. Right-click. 7. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. On the View Control Bar. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Select the roof outline. In the Project Browser. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . so be sure to select them both. 6. Enter ZF. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Select Detail Level: Medium. Right-click. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Zoom to Fit. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click Zoom In Region. Click Open. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. There are two parts to an elevation.

Click Zoom to Fit. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view.8. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Enter VH. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. 2. View Properties 1. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.Software Tools . You simplify it into a Roof Plan. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. On the Properties palette. doors and windows are not shown. as before. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Turn off visibility of the elevations. change the Underlay value to None. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.

Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. click Edit. the ridge is now visible. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Working with Views and Objects s 77 . 4.0". The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. For Name. enter Roof. and where the cut plane sits. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Next to View Range. Right-click.3. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click OK. Click Rename.

Set the time to 9:30 am. 5. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Still. In the Presets list. Accept the location that activates. select Shading with Edges. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. In the dialog box that opens. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 2. select Shadows On. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Open Elevation view South. 3.Graphic Display Options 1. select Winter Solstice. under Solar Study. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen.Software Tools . 4. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.

rvt. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. 6. Save the file as Unit2_views. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.

you open an existing project file. doors and windows are dependent on walls). roofs. There are system families. railings. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. standard families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. such as levels. load. or stand-alone (for example. Doors are considered standard family entities. furniture. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. This exercise illustrates how you locate. These components are called families and there are several different types. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. In Revit. floors. and families in place. and annotations are examples of standard families. Additionally. and furniture. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. On the Home tab. Open Unit2_views. and floors. windows. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. furniture). and place Revit families. commercial. lights. Build panel. and use a Revit family to place a door. s A system family. and so on. windows. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. click Door. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry.Software Tools .rvt. is predefined within Revit. objects can be defined as hosted (for example.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. or institutional structures. walls. Doors. You add closet doors to interior walls. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 2. 3. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more.

The Door Insertion tool stays active. Tag panel. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. 5. Click the Doors folder. Click Open. Family files have a file extension of *. On the Modify | Place Door tab. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette.rfa. If you highlight a door family. Furniture. s s 6. As you move your cursor near any wall.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. It has a number of different sizes defined. Accept the default size. Click Open.rfa. and Annotation.rvt. Locate Double Panel 2. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. 4. Project files have a file extension of *. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. You click to place an instance of the door family. Working with Views and Objects s 81 .

The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Place an instance of the door as shown. 9. and placed instances of a door family.rvt. In this exercise. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.Software Tools . The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Place two more instances of the door as shown. you located. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. loaded. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. but not strongly. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 8. simply click it.7. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Open Unit2_doors_walls. 5. Click OK. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 3. 2. This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name.rvt. Select the double door as shown. you open an existing project file. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. enter 48" x 80". click Duplicate. The required width is not available. and create an in-place family. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. In the Type Properties dialog box. modify a door family.

On the Home tab. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 1. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. In the dialog box. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 4. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Build panel. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 5. select Generic Models. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). For Name. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. set the Extrusion End value to 6". enter Hall Clock. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. click Component > Model In-Place. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The door updates. Click OK. 3. is to create a component family in place.Software Tools . Click OK.6. 2.

11. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. you located.2". Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. click Rectangle. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 13. Click OK. 7.rvt. 8. and placed a door family. Revit will display . The family model updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. In this exercise. 9. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . You have created the base of the clock. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .0' 2". Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. loaded. 10.6. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .4" as shown. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). as shown. 12. On the Draw panel.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools .

rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is binary math.

Each project has several predefined views.Software Tools . 6. Go to View > View Name in the menu. d. Right-click. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. s Change view displays. depending on the template selected. False 5. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. False 3. and Options Bar. s Create an in-place model family. a. Zoom to the entire model. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. d. load. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Spin the model in 3D space. s Change view properties. b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. d. c. c. 7. Turn on Shadows. False 2. s Adjust Visual Style Options. context tabs. To activate a view: a. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. s Open different views. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. False 4. b. Views can be renamed. a. Either a or b. tab. True b. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Access. The tool shown is used to: a. True b. b. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. and click Open. Questions 1. c. Create a 3D perspective view. True b.

Standard b. All of the above. depending on settings 9. Blocks c. a.) are called: a. Rotate c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. windows. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Properties palette 10. Multiview b. a. Scroll d. Pan and Zoom b. In-Place d. Parts d. A family created within a project is called ________________. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . etc. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Project Browser d. Families 11. System c.8.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

8. 2. s Create a project template. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create labels. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Set project units. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 5. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Duplicate and modify views. 6. 3. 7.

Visit the AIAS website at www. and Language Arts. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Technology. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. After completing this lesson. and so forth. Visit the AIA website at www.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.org. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. colors. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Explain why templates are used. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.org. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. and the settings that are preset within them. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes . linetypes. should be used.aias. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). defining the layers. Engineering. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. linetypes. based on the AIA standards.aia. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. colors.

and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

a common area (such as a living room or family room). The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack.Standards and Building Codes . it cannot be called a bedroom. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. windows. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. defined and adopted by convention. doors. For example. a garage.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. and so on. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. like mechanical drawing. and one closet. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. a bathroom. If it lacks any of these components. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the number being its numerical value. one window. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. If there is a fire. otherwise it is considered a carport. A garage must be completely enclosed. and so on. A unit is a particular physical quantity. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. it must have at least one door.

the construction industry still uses the English. its value is expressed in the unit meter. is 169 m. or imperial. using imperial units. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Another method is to apply dual notation. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system.For example. also known as the International System of Units. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. in the United States. unit symbol ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units.. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. unit symbol m. is 555 ft. Here h is the physical quantity. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. In architectural drafting. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. glass. such as room size and wall height. However. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. units are applied to dimensions. and other materials.. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.

Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. one value representing another value. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. sheets. line weight and pattern. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.) 8.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. In Revit Architecture. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Each size is designated by a letter. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.Scales are ratios. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . every 1/8" would represent 1'. and viewports.

A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.01. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. temporary Schedules Sections. site plan. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. The integers go from 0 to 9. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. and then add a title block or other symbols.a modified version of the AIA standard. You create and position views. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. notes Demolition. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). Standards and Building Codes s 97 . elevators. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. symbols. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.01. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.

Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the date drawn. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. followed by information on the building's owner. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. drawing scales. For example. the HVAC company. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. so that the height is less than the width. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and layer standards. The next space is for tracking revisions. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The paper is oriented landscape. annotation plot sizes. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Typically. that is. the electrician. The column is divided into sections. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. fonts. Usually. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. and other relevant information. the author of the drawing. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Templates are usually preset with drawing units.

dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth. layer settings. title blocks. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . required symbols.in the City of San Francisco.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). dimension styles. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Standards and Building Codes . Technology. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Engineering. and walls. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . views. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. These can be used to build your model. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. windows.

Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Select a Template 1. apartments. or store. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. factory. click Browse. On the application menu. click New > Project. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. you use templates as starting points.Standards and Building Codes . 2. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. 3. Open Revit to an empty project file. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In Revit. In the New Project dialog box. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Condominiums.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. you create a new project file using a template.

4. Click OK. In this exercise. On the application menu. click Close to close this project without saving. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Settings s 103 . Click Open. 5. you started a new project file using a standard template. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. saving set up time. Select the Residential-Default. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. 6.

Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to a 3D view. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. In the Project Browser. In the courseware datasets folder. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 2. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Pull the cursor to the right. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. In this exercise. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Build panel. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. The Wall tool remains active. expand Floor Plans under Views. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. the drawing setup options are preset. Click to start a new wall. click Wall. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. open ADA__Settings.rvt.

Click Format for Length. In this exercise. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. 5. 7.) 6.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Settings s 105 . Click OK twice to save the setting change. Close the file without saving.4. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. 8. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Press ESC to cancel the wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. click to start a new wall. and move the cursor right. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Place the cursor over the left wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.

dimensions not only display. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Dimension panel. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. create. 4. there are two types of dimensions. Open ADA_Dimensions. or insert components. On the Properties palette. temporary and permanent. 1. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. On the Annotate tab. but also control the size and location of objects. Temporary dimensions display when you select. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 2.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . By default. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Aligned. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.rvt. click Duplicate. 3.Standards and Building Codes . Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. For Name. enter Big Text. Click OK. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions.

s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. left. Select the top. Settings s 107 . and bottom horizontal walls. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.5. s Click OK twice. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 6. 7. Click to place. The Dimension tool is still active.

108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. Click to place the dimension. you opened an existing file. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . s s s Select the far left. created a new dimension style. upper.8. The Dimension tool stays active. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 9. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.

Notice the door and window tags. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. 2.rvt. Right-click. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. and the view window displays the new plan. 3.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. These are annotations. In the datasets folder. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . There are no annotations visible. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. In order to do this. In the Project Browser.

6. 8. Click OK to update the display of this view. Settings panel. Double-click to open it. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off.4. In the Project Browser. Model Categories tab. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 5. Click Rename. 9. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. click Project Information. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Click OK. 7. 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. On the Manage tab. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser.Standards and Building Codes . 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.

Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click OK. highlight the title block displayed in the list. In the Value column of Project Address. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. click Edit. You can also enter the address of your school.Add a Sheet 1. 2. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Settings s 111 . The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Enter the address as shown. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected.) 3. Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click OK. 3. 2. Rightclick. or supply your own values: Click OK.

It is automatically filled in when you place your views.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Click Apply. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Next. 5.Standards and Building Codes . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.4.

Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click. Settings s 113 . 2. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Select the new viewport. Click Activate View. 4. Right-click in the view.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 3. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select Deactivate View.

6. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. you: select it. s Placed a view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. Place the cursor 7. s Added a sheet.Standards and Building Codes . deselect it. Close the file without saving. of the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The Scale updates in the title block. Finish the move. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.5.

Start Revit Architecture. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 4. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Select A-11x8. This is one of the longer exercises. Settings s 115 . click New > Titleblock.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 2.rft. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. A copy of the 11 x 8.5 title block template opens. It opens to the Recent Files window. Click Open. On the application menu. 3.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

116

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

117

11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

118

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

Settings

s

119

6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

120

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

Settings

s

121

16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

122

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

Settings

s

123

Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Accept the Sample Value. 11. 13. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. s Click Add. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu.Standards and Building Codes . Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. select Drawn By. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the title block as A . you created a title block using a template file. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.Landscape. 14. click Save to save the title block. click Close. 12. 15. On the Quick Access toolbar. Accept the Sample Value.9.rfa. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Accept the Sample Value. Add a label for Checked By. 10. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. In this exercise. Add a label for Sheet Number. Your teacher may specify another location. Right-click.

Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Click Open. Settings s 125 . Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. In the Recent Files window. and then load a custom title block into your project. Insert a Title Block 1. Your title block is now displayed in the list. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 4. click New to create a new project using the default template. Locate your title block. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 5. 2. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Highlight the title block and click OK. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. you create a new project file. On the View tab. The title block appears in the graphics window. 3.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise.

5. you a created a new project file. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. s For Checked By. Click OK. Click OK. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. 4.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. On the Manage tab. Click OK. enter your instructor's name. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. Settings panel.Standards and Building Codes .rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter Student Project Unit 3. enter your name. Select the title block. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. s For Drawn By. click Project Information. On the Properties palette. 6. In this exercise. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet.

settings. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. angles. and geometry from the template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. In the New Project dialog box. On the Insert tab. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Families: Load in families you use most often. There are various settings you can define for your template. you create a new project file. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. On the application menu. and then load them like families. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and slope angle. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. click New > Project. select Project Template. Click OK. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. In this exercise. in addition to predefined wall types. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. 2. Create a Template In this exercise. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. 3. including how the rendered image looks. a dimension style. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and the units for your custom template. you define the title block. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. such as 3D and plan views. 1. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials.

There will be no visible change.4. 10. Open the title block A . Click the Length field in the Format column. 5. 9. 7. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. enter 3/16" Verdana. For Name.Landscape. click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. In the Type Properties dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. 8. click Settings panel > Project Units. Click OK twice. You create a custom dimension style.rfa. Set the units for the template. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Next. create a Dimension Style. Click OK. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6.

Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click OK. select Sheets (All). Click New Sheet. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click OK. Select the A . Rightclick. Settings s 129 .11. 15. In the Project Browser. 14. On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.

The title block updates. title block. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. Click OK. and units that you defined.rte.Standards and Building Codes . 17.16. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can use this template for future projects. as well as dimension style and units. Save the file name as A-English template. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. you created a new template file using a dimension style. In this exercise.

s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. or new combinations of existing materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.

True b. A particular physical quantity. S. a. An architect b. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Create dimensions.02 d. s Create labels. A. s Create a template. s Change lineweight. NCTM d. NCSESA 2. 1:32 5. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. a. 1:24 d. s Change dimension colors. Metric d. Using AIA Standards. dimension styles. English c.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . P. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. is defined as what? a.05 c. A unit 4. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. 1:3 b. a.02 b. s Create a title block. s Create text. UBC c. AIA b. s Create a dimension style. General Questions 1. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. you learned to: s Set units in a file. and symbols used in drawing? a. 1:12 c. s Create a text style. False 3.Standards and Building Codes .Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. A.

Wall faces b. False 6. dimensions snap to: a. Wall centerlines c. you use: a. False Summary/Questions s 133 . True b. Application menu > Properties b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. In Revit Architecture. By default. True b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To set the units in a project. a. a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. False 4. you click: a. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. True b. To change the scale of a view. To create a new sheet. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Wall midpoints d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Point offsets 3.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Align walls. 3. 4. you will be able to: s Create a wall.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 6. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Define a wall structure.

Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. and protect its interior spaces. List the different types of occupancy. separate. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. them. After completing this lesson. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. their construction and materials. or filling in between. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.Walls . Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

About Walls

s

137

Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

138

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

About Walls

s

139

Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

140

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

About Walls

s

141

142

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

About Walls

s

143

For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

144

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

About Walls

s

145

Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

146

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

About Walls

s

147

Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

148

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Walls

s

149

Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

150

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Enter 10. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. indicating wall length. Expand the Type Selector list. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. a dashed line displays. It will not print. Click to set the endpoint. To modify a dimension. click it to open an edit field. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.3. Notice that a temporary dimension displays.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. the dimension updates incrementally. Walls s 151 . 4.Brick on Mtl. but it disappears when you begin another action. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. After you create the wall. Stud. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Clear the Chain option. 5. As you continue to move the cursor. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Select the Single Line option. an angular dimension displays.

Walls . Click the wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall.6. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. After setting the vertical wall's direction. enter 7. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. On the Modify | Walls tab. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. the controls may sit on top of one another. Press ENTER. 8. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Create panel. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. click the Detail Level icon. Depending on your zoom in the view. Select panel. Click to start the next wall. On the View Control Bar. click Modify to stop placing walls. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. 7. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The wall does not show any internal detail. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Set the Detail Level to Medium.

This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. 10. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Walls s 153 . Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Also. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. no matter where you move the cursor. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Notice that two dimensions display. Click Modify. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. an alignment line displays. Select the right vertical wall.9. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. release the mouse button to set a new length. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right.

Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. This is the same as clicking Modify. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Build panel.Walls . Select Chain on the Options Bar. Click Cancel. Sketch the walls as shown. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .11. When using the Chain option. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 13. Select the lower vertical wall. 14. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 12. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 16. 15. Repeat. click Wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Right-click. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. On the Home tab.

you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click Create Similar again. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 20. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Walls s 155 . Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. Clear the Chain option. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". After clicking the second end. Click Modify.18. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 19. In this exercise. Select the Three Point Arc tool.

Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. trim. To do this. fillet. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Click Modify. You now remove the upper right corner. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. This exercise illustrates how to split. Both split walls are shown below.rvt from the previous exercise. and extend walls. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Do the same for the vertical wall. Only part of the wall highlights. 3. 2. 4. align. Split Walls 1. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. you first split the walls at the intersections.

click Create Similar. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). You can also click the flip control. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Walls s 157 . 3. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select Radius. Select any wall. On the Options Bar. On the Modify | Wall tab. 2. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building.Fillet Walls 1. click Delete. Click Fillet Arc. On the Modify | Walls tab. 5. Create panel. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 4. If you make a mistake. Enter 5'. Modify panel.

2.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. You align the wall in the next steps.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.Walls . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. select Basic Wall: Interior . The Wall tool is still active. 3. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 1. Place an interior wall as shown. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Click to create a wall.4. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Pull the cursor straight up. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s On the Options Bar. The length is not critical. Walls s 159 . Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can lock the alignment. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain. such as location lines. You can select other parts of walls for alignment.

2. The length is not critical. 3. 4. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will extend to the border. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will be the border. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the vertical wall as shown. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 6. The walls can cross. 5. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.

7.rvt. fillet. and trim. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. align. Walls s 161 .

2. click Edit Type.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Select the Exterior wall as shown. In the Project Browser.Walls . On the Properties palette. satisfy different requirements. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 1. The Modify tool is active by default. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and vary in cost.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. 3.

Walls s 163 . Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. except Core Boundary. Click OK. s Click Up. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud. click Edit in the Structure value field. 5. the wall structure should be as shown. s Click Down twice. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Insert twice. s Click the number of Layer 3.4. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 8. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Add two additional layers to the wall. When you are finished. Every layer of a wall. 6. For Name. has a Function you can edit. 7. To edit the structure of the wall. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls.

select Finishes .Walls .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 12. Material. s Set the Material to Finishes . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 10.9. s Set the Material to Wood . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 13. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 11. Modify the Function. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". which displays plan or section views. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Click the icon that appears at the right. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].Exterior .Stud Layer. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.

17. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Walls s 165 .14. 15. select Medium. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. On the Properties palette. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 16. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click Apply to update the view. From the Detail level list. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. In the Project Browser. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. expand the Families branch.

defined a new wall structure. In this exercise.18. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. You opened an existing file. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. From the Type Selector list. 20. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 19. Right-click 8" Exterior. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.Walls . Expand Walls > Basic Wall. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Close the file without saving.

Brick on Mtl. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Select one of the Exterior . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. 3. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a structural mid-section. wood rails. You can define a wall type with these elements. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The model opens in a 3D view. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. and a decorated interior surface. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. In this exercise. for example. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.rvt. Stud walls as shown. 2.

either horizontally or vertically. into regions. 2. In this exercise. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. or you will lose your changes. 7. You can assign different materials to regions. You change the type. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. so all instances of this type change. As indicated in the dialog box title. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 8. the new regions assume the same material as the original. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. When you split a layer. click Edit. 1. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. highlight one of the borders. You can split regions into other regions. 5. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. To split a layer or region vertically.4. 6. Click Split Region. To split a layer or region horizontally. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. in the Structure value field. If not already expanded. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can set the sample height to any value.Walls . Wall structures are Type Properties. To define the structure of the wall. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border.

2. Click Merge Regions. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . The upper split disappears. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.3. Click to merge the two layers. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. When you merge regions. since both regions are composed of the same layer. assign Layer 1. 4. Prehighlight a border between regions.Brick layer. Click to merge them. 3. Click to split the region into two parts. After merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Walls s 169 . 1. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. In this case. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.

vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall.Walls . Change the value to 12. The dimension text turns blue. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 1. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). To create a new wall layer. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Click Insert. Press ENTER.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. click Modify.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. s Select the split line. instead of down. 1. to the next parallel line. 3. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. indicating that it is modifiable. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. If you set the split offset down from the top. 2. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Click the temporary dimension text. 3. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 2. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you assign the material Masonry Brick . In the Edit dialog box. 4. Click again to return to the original position. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. After a region is split. Next.

The preview changes appearance. 8. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click Assign Layers. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. 9.4. Click OK. 6. In this exercise. It also shows a thickness value. All walls of this type have been changed. When a layer is selected in the table. because it is now the selected layer. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane.Brick Soldier Course layer.Brick Soldier Course. Merge Region. and Insert Layer tools. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click OK. 7. 10. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Close the file without saving. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. as shown. 5. Change the Material to Masonry . you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Modify. Split Region. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Walls s 171 . It immediately highlights in blue.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and insulation. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. piping. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. earth. and protected. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. installed. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

s

173

Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

174

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

s

175

About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

176

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

s

177

Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

178

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

s

179

Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

180

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view. the ventilation. but also the natural lighting.Doors and Windows . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. and the amount of space you have inside your building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

and to protect property values. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. The height can be no less than 24". ft. if there is no other escape route.Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20".

Doors and Windows s 187 . and math standards. and copy these elements. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and how to position. Components such as doors. s Copy windows. how to load additional door and window families. Technology. and furniture are defined in family files. Math (STEM). Some families are loaded into each empty file. and Language Arts. technology. In this unit. windows. you learn how to place doors and windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. move. engineering.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. s Center a door in a wall. Engineering. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

On the Home tab. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. 3. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Once a door is placed. Add Doors 1. elevation view. To reverse the swing. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. or 3D view.Doors and Windows . To flip the door. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. the door swing would be to the left side. In other words. When placing doors in a plan view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Build panel.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. click Door. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. This can be done in a plan view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.

This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. except for the Type Selector. With the Door command active. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. click Load Family. 2.rfa. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Mode panel. The display does not change. In order to keep file size small. Click Open. on the Modify | Place Door tab. walls. From the Type Selector list. and windows into project files. 3. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Doors and Windows s 189 .Load Families 1.

From the Type Selector. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . 5. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. If necessary. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

Place instances of single doors as shown. To Doors and Windows s 191 . you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location.6. simply click it and enter the correct value. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. or by using the swing control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.

Doors and Windows .7.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.

Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click Modify and select the window.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. To face the outside of the window to the other side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. elevation view. On the Home tab. Open Unit5_doors. To reverse the window after performing another operation. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. the outside of the window is to the left side. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. approach the wall from the right side. click Window. Windows have exterior and interior sides. 2. or 3D view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. From the Type Selector. Add Windows 1. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. When placing windows in a plan view. Build panel. You can place windows in a plan view.

loaded a door family. You do not need to add dimensions. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 4. Place seven more windows as shown. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.Doors and Windows . In this exercise. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 5. and placed windows. placed doors. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.3. you opened an existing project. Window tags do not number in sequence.rvt.

To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Dimension panel. s Align and modify walls. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. 3.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. and modify the wall. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. click Aligned.rvt. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 1. 2. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. On the Annotate tab. window. wall. 4. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. place a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. you open an existing project file. and so on.

Select the two wall faces indicated to align.s s s s Click the left wall. 5. 2. Select the upper wall first. Notice the symbol. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the center of the door. Align Walls 1. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the lock icon to enable it. The walls are now aligned. The door changes location. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. the other wall will remain aligned. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click it and it changes as shown. 6.Doors and Windows . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.

Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. 5. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.4. 3. The walls shift and remain aligned. Right-click. Dimensions display below it. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . Clear the EQ Display value.

198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned.6. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.Doors and Windows .rvt. you placed a continuous dimension. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 7.

On the Modify | Windows tab. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. In this exercise. click Create Similar. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 2. Doors and Windows s 199 . 1. Create panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. 4. especially if there are many different types.rvt.

Copy Windows 1.Doors and Windows . 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Modify panel. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy. Select the window you just placed. 2. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 4. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. The window will change appearance. The window is copied. On the Modify | Windows tab.

Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Right-click. 6.rvt. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Doors and Windows s 201 .

cold. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The stability of glass in response to wind. flat glass is a recent invention. heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.Doors and Windows . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

s Copy a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. 34" 4. a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 32" b. Standard b. 32" d. General Questions 1. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Place a window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . True b. 36" c. If a room is used for sleeping. s Align a door or window.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 40" d. Custom 3. 28" b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. False 2. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. a. s Position a door or window. 30" c.

Door and window tags are placed automatically. c. The center snap 7. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click Door Properties. Duplicate d. a. 6. Right-click. Click Flip Direction. d. Properties 3. a. b. Clone b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. True b. Click Door Properties. c. Select the door. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Insert d. Click Modify > Flip Direction. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the door. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. you use: a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. you: a. you use ________. A reference plane b. Link c. Select the door. Offset c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. False 2. To center a door or window in a wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. True b. Click the temporary dimension to be changed.Doors and Windows . True b. a. d. Use door grips to reposition. Copy 8. b. 4. a. Load c. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. To change the location of a door or window. Load from Library b. False 5.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. s Modify stair boundaries. 5.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 2. 6. Lesson Plan 1. 4. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . s Create railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Review stairs and railings. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students.

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. List the different stair types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson.

Engineering. This lesson relates to technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts. Technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Then.

Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. such as ice and snow. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .

Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".

sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise).Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. s Add a railing. You create stairs in a plan view. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. U-shaped stairs. engineering. Engineering. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. L-shaped runs with a landing. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. As you move the cursor. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. You can define straight runs. This lesson relates to technology. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. s Create U-shaped stairs. Math (STEM). and spiral stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. of certain horizontal depth or run. and stairs. and math standards. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Modify stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.Stairs and Railings . The riser and run values update accordingly. and Language Arts. which includes elevators. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. or tread. you will be able to: s Create stairs. or vertical circulation. In multistory buildings. For safety reasons. ramps. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels.

rvt.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. This file is in metric units. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. 3. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. Stairs and Railings s 217 . On the Properties palette. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. you create stairs using a straight run.

The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. Circulation panel. you create a straight run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. In this case. Click OK to close the dialog box. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.4. These tools are used to define your stairs. On the Home tab.Stairs and Railings . Run is preselected. click Stairs. 5. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).

To change the run dimension. On the Mode panel. Revit displays the number of risers you created. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 8. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. select Finish (green check). click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Select this intersection point to start your run. As you move the cursor up. and then click to define the run of stairs. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. You can continue to move the cursor up. the run footprint stops expanding. If you have not fully created the run. 9. 10.6. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.

The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 12. In this exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair. 13. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. click application menu > Save As > Project. To avoid overwriting the original file.rvt. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and switched to a 3D view.Stairs and Railings . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.11.

Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Level 1. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Stairs and Railings s 221 . click Align. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.rvt. Activate view Floor Plans. The stair is not centered on the landing. Edit panel. On the Modify tab. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.

from the Prefer list. The Align command remains active.4. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . If you have a scroll mouse. which is located at the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can rotate your model to get a better view. 5. On the Options Bar. Click the center of the wall first. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Click the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings .

On the Properties palette. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. click Edit Type. and Dimensions subsections. 9. Select the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 7. In the Project Browser. expand Sections (Building Section). Hover the cursor over the railing. railings were created with the stairs. s For Name. As you prehighlight them. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Graphics. s Click OK. enter Lobby Stairs. 8. On the Properties palette. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Change Width to 1350. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . A tooltip describing the railing properties displays.6. s Click Duplicate.

Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .10. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Cherry s s Click Modify. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Lobby Stair View.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Stairs and Railings . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Place your cursor over the left green boundary line.12. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 13. click Edit Sketch. The railings change. s Zoom in on the stairs. Next. Click it to select it. In the Type Selector. The stair changes to the run sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Delete this line. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Mode panel. 14. you change the shape of the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 .

Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the second arc endpoint. 17. click the left end of the top riser. Click to place the arc.15. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.Stairs and Railings . On the Draw panel. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. s On the Modify panel. 16. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the arc boundary you just created. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 19. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Click Modify. 18. click Boundary.

the arc center point. click Riser. For the third point. On the Draw panel. First. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Next. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. This will define a rounded first step. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Click CenterEnds-Arc. The left boundary will be mirrored.21. 20.

23. click Finish. On the Mode panel. Open the {3D} view to see the results.Stairs and Railings .22. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt. You also modified the properties of a railing. you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.

To make sure you are selecting the railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you need to define a path for the railing. Therefore. Zoom into the landing area as shown. The completed exercise To create a railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. In this case.rvt from the previous exercise. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Click Modify. you sketch the plan view path. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. This is typically done in plan view.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. s s Sketch a Railing 1. 3. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. For simple railings. you add a railing to a second floor landing. 2. Select the right side railing.

click Line. To set the exact distance. 6. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Mode panel. edit the temporary dimension. You do not need to add dimensions. 7. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. click Edit Path. select Chain.4. Then. 5.Stairs and Railings . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. On the Draw panel. Once the railing is selected. on the Modify | Railings tab. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. s s On the Options Bar. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select Finish to exit the railing definition.

Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete your lines and try again. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 .s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 9. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. In this exercise.rvt. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Options Bar. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. s On the Home tab. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. you create a reference plane. Work Plane panel. In this exercise. 2. set the Offset value to 850. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.Stairs and Railings .rvt from the previous exercise. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Create a Reference Plane 1. In a floor plan view. the stairs appear as a U-shape.

Pull the cursor straight up.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. click Stairs. Click OK. Matte 2. For Name. 4. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. 5. Stairs and Railings s 233 . or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. change the Width parameter to 900. Click Edit Type. To start sketching the run. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 6. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Circulation panel. Dark Gray. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice. enter Exit Stairs. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. On the Home tab. 3.

Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to place the first run. with none remaining to be created. enter 1925. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Press ENTER. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer to the right. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 8.Stairs and Railings . 9. If you have trouble making the correct distance display.

you select Continue to return the sketch. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. You want to inspect your stairs. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. On the View Control bar. 11.10. Click Finish Stairs again. Use Hide/Isolate 1. but they are hidden behind walls. 2. If you get an error message. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Remove the additional lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Select the two walls of the stair tower. On the Stairs panel. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Finish Stairs. To remove the lines.

On the Properties palette. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and to create a U-shaped stair. 6. 2. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Select the stairs so they highlight. 3. you learned to create a reference plane. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 4.Stairs and Railings . change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. This is a multistory stair. The exterior walls reappear. On the View Control Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Finally. The walls are now hidden.rvt. Reset the Display 1. Zoom in to see your stairs.3. 5. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. In this exercise.

and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps.

s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Stairs and Railings . Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. smoke guards. and deliver riders without wait time. but they can also be highly decorative. Include landings as required by your local building code. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . this openness makes them fire hazards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.

False 2. 90 degrees d. a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . you learned to: s Create stairs. b. 180 degrees 3. True b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. True b. 25 degrees b. a. a. 36" d. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 32" c. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 40" 4. s Modify stair boundaries. 45 degrees c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. General Questions 1. and all treads should be the same run. s Create railings. 30" b.

risers b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. riser d. False 6.Stairs and Railings . Pick New Host b. that is. Rectangle c. Modify c. riser lines c. Treads. a. Insert 2. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Run. risers 3. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. you use the _______ option. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Line b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Attach Railing c. Railings. True b. Arc d. True b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Boundary lines. Fasten Railing 5. Home b. risers and treads. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a. Manage d. Circle 4. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. Align Railing d.

s Define a roof structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 6. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. s Place gutters. (Student) 3. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Lesson Plan 1. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place fascia. Evaluate Students. (Student) 11. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 4. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles.

It addresses roof construction. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. Calculate the rise. roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and downspouts. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . tiles.Roofs . After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Identify the different roof types. gutters. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. run.

and Language Arts. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Roofs s 243 . s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Math (STEM). and math standards. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. technology. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Rake: The inclined.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. rot. the roofing pattern. and sunlight. These are used more often on upscale homes. resistance to wind and fire. snow. fire-resistant. They come in several types. and color. About Roofs s 245 . Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and if visible. resulting in at least one textured face. and low maintenance roofing material. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and sun. maintenance. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. durability. are designed for shedding water and snow. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. durability. brands. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. maintenance. and colors. and if visible. the roofing pattern. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. texture. as well as how effective a shelter it is. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Sloped roofs. and color. resistance to wind and fire. texture. You can use them for many different applications. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. even grain and are naturally resistant to water.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. both low and steep.

zinc alloy. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . treatment for insects. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. galvanized steel. When choosing the insulation for your job. reinforced plastic. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. and so forth). s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. Therefore. and insulating capability (R-value). the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. and require little maintenance. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. galvanized steel. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. fiberglass. They are fire-resistant. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. This same roof on a clear. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. special characteristics (for example. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. odor. consider such factors as cost. durable. Unfortunately. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead).Roofs . A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. or corrugated structural glass. quality.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

but the two sides are not symmetrical. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. The run value is typically equal to 12. run.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. A number indicates the value of the rise. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.

try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.Roofs . 7 to 12. 7-12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 on 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Slope is usually noted as a ratio.

Roofs s 255 . Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. and fascia. To create a roof by face. soffits. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Once you create a roof. s Place gutters. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. often supporting a gutter. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. water. or ice. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Create various roof types. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you work with massing shapes and not building components. you can add gutters. or eaves. snow. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Create a hip roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. dormers. that convey rainwater to drains. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Assign roof structure and materials. or roof overhangs. s Create a roof fascia. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint.

256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Roofs . Engineering. and Language Arts.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. engineering. Technology. This lesson relates to science.

2. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . and then extruded by applying a thickness value. the top of the roof profile is sketched.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 4. To create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create an extruded roof. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. select the Name option. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Click OK to continue. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. In the Work Plane dialog box. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. 3..rvt. Open ADA_Roofs.

In the Go To View dialog box. Draw panel. 4. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. select Section: Section 1. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 6.5.Roofs . Before sketching the roof's profile. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 2. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. On the Work Plane panel. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. The section view should display as shown. s Use the image below for guidance. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Click Open View. click Line. click Ref Plane. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. In the Place Reference Plane context tab.

Roofs s 259 . sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click the EQ toggle. 5. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click Modify. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. Using a positive offset value. s Select the new dimension. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using the image below for guidance.

Right-click. 1. enter Horizontal. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 2. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 5. 4. 3. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Mode panel. On the Properties palette. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. click Finish (green check). Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. you can label them. click Chain. for Name. click Line. s On the Options Bar. Click Modify.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes.Roofs . Click OK. 7. 6.

9. Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8.12" type.

carefully select the far right roof edge.Roofs . Using the images for guidance. Edit Geometry panel. This is a two-step process. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Join/Unjoin Roof. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 1. 3. Select the edge of the roof as shown. On the Modify tab. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.

2. Roofs s 263 . On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. Select both walls. This will join the wall tops to the roof.4. However. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. select Attach Wall: Top. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. open the view Sections: Section 1. Trim Walls 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. 3. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. To select both walls together.

Roofs . s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.rvt. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 5.4. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. The roof now looks correct. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view.

Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . From the drop-down list. On the Home tab. Because you are in a 3D view. Unit7_first_roof. from existing walls. The footprint sketch is created at 2. 3. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch.rvt. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Click Yes. In this exercise. Build panel. 1. by Footprint. a dialog box is displayed. you create a gable roof using a footprint. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 4. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. so you look straight down as in a plan. select Garage Roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof.

0". 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. 8. click Defines Slope. s On Options Bar. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 7. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Next. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar.Roofs . s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. click Pick Walls. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. If you place a line on the wrong side. select the vertical wall on the left.5. Use the image below for guidance. clear the Defines slope option.

That value displays next to the slope arrow. When a roof line is set to slope defining. click Yes. 1. Change this value to 6"/12". Click the 9"/12" text. 2. Click Modify. It becomes an editable field. The new roof displays. defining lines separately. 3.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. click Finish. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the left slope defining line. Other controls also display. change the value to 6"/12". In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Select the right side roof line. To complete the roof. By default. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Roofs s 267 .

Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.Roofs .rvt. In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4.

click to select them. Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Roofs s 269 . you create a gable roof using a footprint. On Home tab.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. To chain-select all of the walls. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. Clear Defines Slope. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.rvt. When all of the walls prehighlight. 4. 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. set the overhang to 1' 0". On the Options Bar. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.

4. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Roofs . sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. verify the 0' 0" Offset. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar.Create a Roof Opening 1. Right-click. Zoom into the chimney area. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Rectangle. As an alternate. 3. Using the image for guidance. 2.

4. Select the uppermost. select the Defines Slope. 2. On the Options Bar. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 3. On the Options Bar. select Defines Slope.Add Slope Lines 1. 5. Select the left lower horizontal line. As in the previous exercise. 6. Click Finish. click Yes. Click Modify. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. horizontal line. Roofs s 271 . The slope indicator displays.

7. 8. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . attached walls. and chimney penetration. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.rvt.Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.

Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 2. Create the Roof 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. you create a hip roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Build panel. Zoom into the area shown. set Overhang to 2' . 3. 5. Select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. Select the three walls shown in the image. The file should open to a 3D view.0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.rvt. 4.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Roofs s 273 . The completed exercise On the Home tab.

Click OK.Roofs .7. On the Properties palette. click Line. 3. Switch to a 3D View.0". Roof sketches must create a closed loop. you use the Line tool. Click Finish to complete the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope. 2. 6. s On the Draw panel. To close the roof sketch. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Raise the Roof 1. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Right-click the ViewCube. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. In addition.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a hip roof using a footprint. In this exercise.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2.rvt. and then joined it to a wall.

Clear Defines Slope. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Create a Shed Roof 1.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. click Line. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Roofs s 277 . On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls.rvt. 4. 5. 7. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 3. The file should open to a 3D view. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 6.

8. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Click Modify. 10. On the Properties palette. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 9. Right-click the line. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 11.Roofs . 13. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 12. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Select the lower.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. 16. click Yes. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Click OK. Roofs s 279 . Switch to a 3D view. 17. 18.14. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. 15.

On the Properties palette. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.rvt. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Open the Default 3D view.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 5. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 3. Activate the view North Elevation. Select the Roof. 2. select Level 3. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the menu bar. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.Roofs . 4. The roof updates. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cutoff Level list. You see four levels defined in the model.

9. 8. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. Finish the Roof. On the Options Bar. 12. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.6. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. select Defines Slope. on the Properties palette. 13. 11. On the Draw panel. 7. On the Home tab. Roofs s 281 . Select the inner rectangle as shown. To set the slope for the new roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Zoom and spin to see your model. click Pick Lines.rvt. In this exercise. set the slope value to 3"/12". 10. Switch to a 3D View.

Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. thereby reducing energy consumption. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.Roofs . The file should open to a 3D view. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.rvt. In the Type Selector.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Select the main roof over the house. 2. 1.

3. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Roofs s 283 .Define a Roof Structure 1. s Click OK. Click Insert to add a layer. click Edit. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the roof over the garage. It is a generic roof type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Edit Type. Select Layer 2 as shown. 2. 5. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. enter Clay Tile. For Name. 4. For Structure Value. click Duplicate.

In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK twice. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. select Model.Roofs . click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 8. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 7. In this exercise.s s s In the Materials dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Click OK. The garage roof displays a pattern. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6.

On the Home tab. 2. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. or for decoration. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. On the Insert tab. to support a gutter. In the Open dialog box. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.rfa. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. In this exercise. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Roofs s 285 . 4. Click Open. click Roof > Fascia. 3.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof.

Click Duplicate. Click OK. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory.Roofs . click Edit Type. Matte. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. for Profile. In the Type Properties dialog box. Set the Material value to Metal . For Name. 6.5.

8. 9. Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. you defined and applied a roof fascia. In this exercise.

The completed exercise 4. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 2. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. click Edit Type.Bevel: 5" x 5". Place Gutters In this exercise. 3.Roofs . select Gutter . enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. you add gutters to a building. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. On the Home tab.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 6. click Roof > Gutter. Click OK. The file should open to a 3D view. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Metal Aluminum. Click OK. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 5.rvt. Under Material parameter. so as not to detract from the design of the building. under Profile parameter. s Click Duplicate. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1.

rvt. If you click the interior face. you attached gutters to a roof. In this exercise.7. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 9. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Roofs s 289 . 8. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 10. 11. Segments will clean up at corners. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary.

s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water.Roofs . heat. and cold.

m. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house.

General Questions 1. Shed 4. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the run is always 12. True b. a. Hip c. s Define a roof structure. Gable b. s Place fascia.Roofs . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Medium c. s Place gutters. High d. a. None of the above 3. Low b. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Gambrel d. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. False 2. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. When referring to roof slope. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a.

Walls. Expand/Contract 6. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Cut/Lengthen c. False 5. 10. Change the direction of the roof. Trim/Extend b. extrusion. b. face b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. a. A compound roof contains layers. ______ or _______. Create an opening. profile 2. sketch. Turn slopes on or off. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Footprint. Sketch. Face 3. Footprint b. a. pick d. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Slope c. Create Slope d. a. TAB b. DEL d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. ENTER 4. a. Roofs can be created using ______. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. profile. Activate Slope 9. Add Slope b. extrusion. SHIFT c. you use: a. Footprint. True b. To add a slope to a roofline. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Join/Unjoin Roofs d. a. c. Defines Slope c. Extrusion d. Change the direction of the slope. Footprint b. a. False 7. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Sketch c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. place a check mark next to: a. Material 8. a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. d. Walls d. True b. True b. lines c.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create slope annotations. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.

you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. In a residential building. the kitchen. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. cabinetry. bathrooms. In a commercial structure. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. the location of special equipment. and special equipment. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and tool racks. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sections are used to examine the roof. After completing this lesson. floor. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.Sections and Elevations . Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and wall conditions at that particular slice location.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and Language Arts. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 .Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. This lesson relates to science. technology. and math standards.

s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.Sections and Elevations . s Vertical transportation method (stairs). as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. framing. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. on the long axis of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and foundation plans. across its narrower dimension. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. t Cross or transverse sections. and are properly cross-referenced. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.

and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial. unnecessary. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements. such as doors and windows. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). For larger elevations. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations .

refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design." Mfr. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. this is reversed. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Unnecessary Information Shades. For a wood structure. shadows. cars. however. quantity. You may.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. bushes. South. and so forth. With interior elevations. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. For siding. Therefore. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. the titles assigned (North. and then the name of the material. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. people. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. or methods of installation. For example. East. followed by any additional information about spacing. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. The size of the object is listed first. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation.

wood. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. It may have curves. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. This is usually done using a topset. It can also be used around doorways and windows. coving. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. flush overlay. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. and other appliances. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". casements. or linoleum) and the wall. chamfers. and materials used. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. doors. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. The trim is usually glued into place.Sections and Elevations . distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. and types of finish materials used. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. which is a formed pressboard. other openings. and special equipment such as toilets. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. This is more costly than regular overlay. or MDF. windows. Molding is usually made of plaster. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. shelf arrangements. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. or a baseboard. dishwashers. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and lip. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Hinges are concealed. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. tile. or decorative patterns. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. doors and direction of door swings.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0".

Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . and a section symbol on all plans.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. which you can then add to a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create an interior elevation. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Change the section head. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Add slope annotations. s Place a section view on a sheet.

but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . engineering. Math (STEM). like an elevation. technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. A section is a horizontal view. Once created.Sections and Elevations . The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. and Language Arts.

For example. provided its crop region intersects the view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. or other section view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. elevation. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane.

When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it includes a crop region to resize the view.

Once you create the detail section. Slope is also referred to as pitch. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Add breaklines as needed. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add structural details. the slope of this roof is 2:12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. tracing over the existing elements. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . In the example shown. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. In a set of construction documents. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add detail notes.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. such as anchor bolts and siding. So. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Details are crucial for effective construction.

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.

Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create panel. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Create a Section View 1. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 2. click Section. 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The completed exercise 6. Sections and Elevations s 311 .rvt. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 3. On the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. The Section command is available from the View tab. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Open the file ADA_Sections.

You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. With the section line selected. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. and it has control grips to resize it. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. This is called the crop region. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Section Properties 1. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. 2.Sections and Elevations . The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The actual location is not critical. On the Properties palette. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 3. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated.

The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 5. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Sections and Elevations s 313 . In the Properties palette. change Far Clip Offset to 10.4. In this exercise. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. When you drew the section line. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you automatically created a section view. 8.rvt. The section view updates. 6. Clear Crop Region Visible. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 7.

They include Section Head .rvt. Section Head . Settings panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. On the Manage tab. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2.1 point Filled. On the Insert tab. click Load Family.Filled. For Name.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. and Section Head . In the Type Properties dialog box.rfa. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. In this exercise. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. enter Open Arrow. Load from Library panel. Click OK. 6. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. The view does not change. 7.Sections and Elevations . 4. Click Open to load the family. Several section head families are available. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.No Arrow. 3. Select Section Head-Open. click Duplicate. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 5.

enter Open Arrow. 9. 13. select Section Head . click Edit Type. Sections and Elevations s 315 .rvt. 12. Click OK. Click OK. For Name. 14. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.8. Select the section line. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit8_section_open. In the Section Tag field. For Section Head. select Open Arrow. The section head updates to the new head type. 11. In this exercise.Open. Click Duplicate. 10.

Create panel. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. This is a building section. To reposition the callout head. 5. 2.Sections and Elevations . 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. 6. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 3. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. On the Options Bar. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. click Callout. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it.rvt. On the View tab. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. select the border of the callout. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Use the image below for guidance.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise.

3.rvt. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Options Bar. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Detail panel. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 1. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. region patterns. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. On the Annotate tab. as shown. 4. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Properties palette. 2. 8. On the Draw panel. select Chain. Line is selected automatically. detail components. You can add detail lines. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. but not strongly.7. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. click Region > Filled Region. Sections and Elevations s 317 . You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it.

6. On the Properties palette.5. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. For Name. Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 7. Click Modify. Select the upper and right side lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . enter Earth.Sections and Elevations . You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

Detail panel. Detail panel. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. the filled region may appear as solid fill.8. On the Mode panel.rfa. 2. click Load Family. click Component > Detail Component. If you zoom in closer. Sections and Elevations s 319 . On the Annotate tab. 3. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Place Detail Component tab. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.Section. From the Fill Pattern list. 9. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Click OK. select Finish (green check). the pattern becomes visible. Click Open. 1. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern.

Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.Sections and Elevations . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. In the Specify Types dialog box. From the Type Selector. Click OK. 5. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. 7. Move it after placement if necessary. Using the image below for guidance. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.6. select Plywood. From the Type Selector list. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Add another Detail Component. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. From the Type Selector.

at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Click Modify. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. The exact vertical placement is not critical. From the Type Selector. 11. Select the vertical plywood. set the Thickness to 3/4". 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Click Component > Detail Component. 12. 10.Sections and Elevations . select anchor bolt. Use the image below for guidance.9. On the Properties palette. Place the component similarly to the image below. This component represents the subflooring.

Use the image below for guidance. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Copy.13. Click Modify. select Lap Siding. Sections and Elevations s 323 . On the Modify panel of the context tab. Add another Detail Component. select Multiple. 14. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. On the Options Bar.

2. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Save the file. click Detail Line. Detail panel. From the Line Style Selector.15. select Wide Lines. Add Detail Lines 1. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start at the end of the siding. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.Sections and Elevations . 16. On the Annotate tab.

Still using Wide Lines. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 4. 5. Zoom out. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.

you show the gypsum board in the wall. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Modify. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Next. Add Insulation 1. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Select the wall so it highlights. Detail panel.6. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. The wall display updates. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 9. 2. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Right-click. click Insulation. identified as Wall material 1. Click Edit in the Structure field. 8. 10. 7. select the Material field in row 3. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list.

click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. From the Type Selector. Your view should resemble the image shown. 3. On the Annotate tab. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 327 . select Break Line. 1.2.

Sections and Elevations . Select the edge of the view (the crop region). and detail components to it. 5. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Save the file. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. The view should resemble the image shown. In this exercise. 6. detail lines. Click Zoom to Fit. The Detail Component tool is still active. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. You place another breakline. Place the breakline as shown. To complete the detail. 7.4. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

To add notes. 2. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The border around the view will disappear. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . and ventilation methods in construction documents. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA).rvt. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 3. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. With nothing selected in the view. quantity. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. s Clear Annotation Crop. or methods of installation. weatherproofing. 1. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.

Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .4. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Move the pointer up 11. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. On the Format panel. click Text. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Finally. From the Type list. R13. 5. leader arrow as shown. insulation. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.4" WEATHERING. 12. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 9. On the Annotate tab. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 6. Text panel. As you pull your cursor to the right. 10. click Two Segments. 7. 8. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.Sections and Elevations . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.

Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Click ENTER to start a second line of text.C.C. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.. 19. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. 14. Start the next text at the baseboard.C. Start the next text at the interior wall. 16. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 5/8" GWB . is an acronym for On Center. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. O. CONT is short for Continuous.13. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.TYPE X. 17. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. . 15. as the second line of text. Sections and Elevations s 331 .. Start the next text at the floorboard. 18. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. or wood treated with preservative against rot. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 20.

21. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .Sections and Elevations . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click ENTER to start a second line. Click Zoom to Fit..rvt. In this exercise. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 23. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Modify. 22. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.

click Load. Click New Sheet. Click Open. 4.rvt. and locate the detail view on it.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Right-click. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 3. In this exercise. The new sheet becomes the current view. Locate the A-Landscape. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. In the Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 2. Highlight your title block. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. you will want to add the views to a sheet. section. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. highlight Sheets. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. or elevation view. 5. 6. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. In the Project Browser.7. 9. Click the control at its left end. 8. select view Detail at Foundation. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Hide Crop Region. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. close to the crop border. click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Select a Level Line. On the View Control Bar.Sections and Elevations . Drag it to the right. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Both Level ends will move together.

Click Zoom to Fit. For Number. For Name. 13. you: s Created a new sheet.301. highlight the new sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. In this exercise. Right-click. 11. Click Rename. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 .rvt.10. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Project Browser. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. enter S. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Click OK. 12.

2. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 5. s Add any necessary dimensions.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. four elevation views are included: north. The elevation markers are now visible. and west. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.Sections and Elevations . Select Elevations. south. 6. 2. When you create a project with a template. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). east. Open ADA_Elevations. s Add material notes.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add slope indication for roof. It is defined by the green dotted line. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. s Set the display for building components as needed. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 4. 3. Click the Annotations tab. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK. Right-click.

Sections and Elevations s 337 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. Switch to an Elevation View 1. clear Planting. 3. On the Modelling tab. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Next. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. clear Sections. On the Annotations tab.2. 4. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.

click Edit Type. select Edit in the Structure field.rvt. 8. modified its display.Exterior Stucco. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. you activated an elevation view. and modified the wall display characteristics. Select the wall. 13. 9. 12. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. On the Properties palette. Click the button that displays to select a material. click to open the list.Sections and Elevations . In the Type Properties dialog box.7. It will be identified as Condo . In Surface Pattern. 11. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 10. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select Sand.

In the Type Selector. 3. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Add a note for the stone wall. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. 2. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. quantity. Add a note for the foundation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.rvt. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 5. Sections and Elevations s 339 . The size of the object is listed first. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Enter TX. or methods of installation. 4.

Add a note for the roof. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. 9.rvt. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 7. Add a note for the brick wall.6. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8.Sections and Elevations .

rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. For Offset from Reference. Click to select the roof line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Annotate tab. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. from the Slope Representation list. On the Options Bar. 4. 3. click Spot Slope. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 1. 6. Dimension panel. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. enter 1/8". 5. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 2. select Triangle.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise.

Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click Modify. click Aligned. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. On the Annotate tab. Click to locate the slope indicator. 11. 10. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Dimension panel. Click to select the roof line. 9.Sections and Elevations . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.7.

13. 14. Sections and Elevations s 343 . slope indicators. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. To create a continuous dimension as shown. leaders. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.12.rvt. and dimensions for clarity. and vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. The west elevation now contains material notes. select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.

3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. In the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . kitchens. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. This view was already defined in the drawing. and cabinetry. dimensions.rvt. Right-click. In this exercise. Highlight the view. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Open View. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. 2. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. special closets. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . equipment rooms. Click Find Referring Views.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.

6. 5. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Sections and Elevations s 345 . 7. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Clear Use Project Settings. click OK. In the Name box. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click the value field for Units Format 8. On the Annotate tab. Right-click.4. s s s s Click Duplicate. Dimension panel. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Select Suppress 0 Feet. click Aligned.

In this exercise. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Using the Text and Dimension tools.Sections and Elevations . Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 10. detail the interior section. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.rvt. You modified a dimension style. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.9.

Nobody in Charge d. All of the above. such as north. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create material annotations. 4. The direction the viewer is facing. Either one. s Create slope annotations. s Create filled regions. False 3. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Cabinetry d. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Not in Contract c. it depends. is always the true orientation. Not in Concrete b. General Questions 1. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 2. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. All of the above 5. Show the relationships between elements. c. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. b. b. s Create a section view.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The direction the structure is facing. Walls c. d. True b. a. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. c.

You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. True b. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. The Visual Style of the view. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. b. click Sheet Composition > View. c. The dotted line indicates: a. but not a 6. a. c. South d.Sections and Elevations . Right-click. Click Add View. 4. Element properties c. The boundaries of the view. On the View tab. Which elevation is it? a. The height of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. False 5. East b. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. West c. d. North 3. The detail level of the view. Sun and Shadow b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. you use: a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 2. d. True b. b and c. b. a.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 4. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. s Export a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . s Load a schedule tag. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Review Schedules. 6.

Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

about the building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Technology. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and thickness.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. and math standards. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). height. width. technology. About Schedules s 351 .

Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. Instance. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.Schedules . some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. However. depending on the style of the architectural firm. the same primary information is included. There are different types of schedule tables. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 .

However.Schedules . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and A for appliances. A circle. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Using the software. Like schedules. hexagon. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. The following image shows door. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Other letters are P for plumbing. window. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. E for electrical. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. equipment. Engineering. hardware. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Project templates include preset schedules.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. materials. windows. This lesson relates to science. Schedules list items such as doors. s Add room tags. and math standards. technology. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. rooms. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. and you can create your own schedules. Technology. s Export a schedule. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Schedules s 355 . s Create a room schedule.

2.rvt. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Schedules . Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.

Click Add. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.s Window Tag 5. and Width. Schedules s 357 . Continue to add fields to the schedule. Height. Add Count. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Type Mark. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. select Comments. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. On the View tab. 6. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 3. 4. In Available Fields. Level. 7. Select Windows from the list.

Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules . 9. from left to right. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.

but without any useful calculations yet. 1. 2. Schedules s 359 . On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Select Blank Line. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Type Mark. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. From the Sort By list. 3. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.

Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. In the Project Browser. in the Then By sorting field. in this case).Schedules . click the schedule name. 3. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. you can have the schedule report this. On the Properties palette. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Rather than make a manual calculation. 2. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. select Level. 1. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Notice how the schedule has changed. for Sorting/ Grouping. 4. click Edit. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. clear Itemize Every Instance. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

select Footer. click Edit 7. select Title. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. for Sorting/ Grouping. Schedules s 361 . This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.rvt. In this exercise. and Totals. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. 6. From the list. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Count. The totals for each window type now display. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. On the Properties palette. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.5.

and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Room & Area panel. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the Home tab. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Locate the file named Room Tag. 4. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. In this exercise. click Overwrite the Existing Version.Schedules . floor type. click Room > Room. ceiling type. based on the amount of space in each room. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Room size.rvt. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 2. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 5. Click Open. occupancy. 3. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.

Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 7. a total of 7. Schedules s 363 . The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. On the Home tab. 8. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector. 6. click Room > Room Separation Line. and in the hall as shown. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room.

s Change the word Room to Manager. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 11. On the Room & Area panel.Schedules . 10.9. The room tag updates. The cursor changes to sketch mode. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. An edit box activates. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 13. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 12. Select Room #2. Click Modify. The area value for Room 7 updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Place a room tag below the room separation line. click Room. s Click the Room text.

enter Sales.rvt. Schedules s 365 .14. you: s Loaded a room tag. 15. s Tagged various objects. s Changed room tag field values. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. for Name. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Added a room separation. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. In this exercise.

In the Available Fields pane. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2. Create panel. 3. The completed exercise 5. enter Square Footage Report. Set the Sort By value to Number. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click Add--> after each selection. Create a Room Schedule 1. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. and Area to be included in your schedule.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. 4.Schedules . For Name. 6. Name. On the View tab. select Number.rvt. Click OK. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list.

s Select Calculate Totals.7. 8. Change the Heading to No. s Set Alignment to Right. In the Format dialog box. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Select Grand Totals. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Click OK. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Schedules s 367 . 10. Highlight the Area field. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Units to Square Feet. Highlight the Number field. clear Use Project Settings. s Click Field Format. 9.

Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.rvt. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. In this exercise. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. s Totaled one of the columns. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Schedules . you: s Created a room schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.11. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 12.

The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 5. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 3.rvt. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. you export the room schedule to a text file. Double-click it to open it. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 6. Click Save. Browse to a directory to save your report. You can then use this file in other applications.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 4. 2. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. On the application menu. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. The file is created. Using your Windows Explorer. Schedules s 369 . Click OK. Note the formatting that has been applied.txt) file. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. locate the file you created.

In this exercise. 8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.7. Close the text file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .

s Reformat a schedule. 2. a. c. True b. Instance 3. Matrix d. s Export a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Load a schedule tag. Type b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Place a schedule tag. True b. Questions 1. b. What is a schedule table? a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. d. Quantity c. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False 4. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A list of sheets used in a project. None of the above.

all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Manage tab 3. Application menu d. To export a schedule. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. View c. use the ____ . Annotate tab b. Modify 2. CSV d. View tab c. XLS c. Annotate b.Schedules . Home d. TXT b. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Review Visualization. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 4. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 2.

s Add planting components. s Apply shading to a view. s Export an FBX file. s Place a camera. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Orient walls and windows. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. After completing this lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. Finally. Engineering. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. and Language Arts. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Assign materials. s Play a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Export a walkthrough. Technology. or camera on a path. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a DWG file.

You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Open Unit2_custom_family. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. To prepare your model for rendering. Assign materials. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s s 2. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You worked on animations. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. s Make a camera view the active view. courseware datasets. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects.rvt. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export.

6. The walls now display layers of materials. Right-click. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 5. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Select any exterior wall. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.Visualization .3. Select one of the exterior walls. The wall display updates. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 4. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Stud.

Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass. 10. On the Properties palette. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Click Change wall's orientation. Visualization s 377 .7. 8. you can: s s s 9. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click OK. In addition to using the control arrows. Repeat the process for the windows. Open the Default 3D view. Select the toposurface object. Select walls. Right-click.

12. for Files of type. Export the Model to FBX 1. Open 3ds Max Design. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. click Import > Import. Save the file as Unit10_Export. In the Select File to Import dialog box.Visualization .FBX). 2. Select the file name. This will filter the file list. and click Open. you have completed this exercise. select Autodesk (*. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Click OK in any notices and warnings.rvt. 3. On the application menu. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.11. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Depending on your system resources. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Note the file location.

open Unit10_Export. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Next. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. 2. you have completed this exercise. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Note the file location.4. Export the Model to DWG 1. Close the file without saving. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.rvt. Visualization s 379 . The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 3. If necessary. There is no way to update it from Revit.

If necessary. click File. On the application menu. Select two windows as shown. 6. Click Open. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. open Unit10_Export. Open or return to Revit. Open 3ds Max Design.max. Close the File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager . The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click References > File Link Manager.rvt. 5. Select the file name. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 9.Visualization . Open Floor Plan view Level 1.4. 8. 7. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. click Attach This File. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.

In the dialog box. Visualization s 381 . click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 11. 12. Open the 3D view.10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". The windows have updated. Save the export file using the same name as before. Save the file. 13.

Open the Files tab. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Oriented walls and windows. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The linked file updates. Open the File Link Manager. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Close the File Link Manager.14. In this exercise.Visualization . s Changed a material definition. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. 15. The windows have changed. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.

3. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. 2. change materials. Visualization s 383 . generate a rendering. and create a second rendering. If you place the camera too close to the model. click Camera. Open the Site view. Open Unit10_Export. you place a camera in a model. add plantings to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Create panel. On the View tab. In this exercise. as shown. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Place a Camera 1. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt.

Render Setup 1. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Return to the perspective view. 6. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. If necessary. 7. Open the Site view again. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 5. select Very Few Clouds. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Click Show Camera.4. Right-click. click Show Rendering Dialog. The camera will be visible. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. s s s s Open a floor plan view. The camera perspective view opens. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.Visualization . 2. On the View Control Bar.

Output Settings. Enhance the Model 1. On the Massing & Site tab. Click Render. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Model Site panel. s Click Render. Open the Site view. 3. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Visualization s 385 . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 2. and Lighting. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .3. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Accept the default settings for Quality.30' approximately as shown. click Site Component. Open view 3D View 1.

In the Materials list. click OK. 6. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. and you can now select elements for editing. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.Visualization . click Edit Type. In the Layer 1 Material field.4.Wood Shake. In the Rendering dialog box. select Roofing . 2. Revit places the image in its own view. click Save to Project. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Show the Model. 5. In the Save to Project dialog box. 3. The model displays in the view. 4. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select an exterior wall. 5. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. Change Materials 1. In the Rendering dialog box.

7. 8. Select the icon next to Masonry .10. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Visualization s 387 . 9. Click the Render Appearance tab.

click Render. 14. In this exercise. Click OK. The new image is placed in its own view. s Created a raytrace setup.Brick Uniform Running Brown. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. click Save to Project. Select Masonry . Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model. 13. 15. s Edited materials in model components. 16. 12. In the Rendering dialog box.rvt.Visualization . 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Generated and captured a second render image.11. In the Rendering dialog box. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Save the file as Unit10_render. s Generated and captured a render image.

The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. click to the left of the model as shown. Open Unit10_render. s On the View tab. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Create panel. Visualization s 389 . or walkthroughs. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. 4. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. To place a key frame. or frame. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Right-click. Each view. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1.rvt. in a project model. Click Zoom to Fit. s Edit the camera and path. and exported individually. 2. s View the animation in a media player. The camera and path can be edited. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s Right-click again. 3. along the path can be viewed in different modes.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. In this exercise. Open floor plan view Level 1. rendered. Click Zoom Out (2x). you: s Create a walkthrough in a model.

Visualization . 8. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Finish Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. 7. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. Walkthrough panel. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 11. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The Options Bar changes. click Edit Walkthrough.5. 9. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Select the direction control for the camera. The camera is located on the final key frame. Repeat for all the key frames. 6. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 10.

13. 2. click Next Key Frame. Click Edit Walkthrough. If camera positions distort. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 3. select Path. Visualization s 391 . Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Check the view in several key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. The path displays control dots at key frames.12. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. From the Controls list.

click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. On the application menu. In the Length/Format dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Click OK. notice where you save the file. In the Video Compression dialog box.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click Save. Export the Walkthrough 1. The walkthrough plays in the view window. select a video compression method to hold down file size. File Name. Revit generates the external AVI file. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 4. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 3. click OK. 2. 2.Visualization .rvt. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Play.

Visualization s 393 . Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. 6.5. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering.

394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.7. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model.Visualization . In this exercise. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. save the Revit Architecture file. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player.

a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Save As > FBX c. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Export > FBX 3. False 2. Questions 1. Demolish 2. True b. s Export a walkthrough. a. s Place a camera. True b. Print to File b. Flip Orientation d. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Export a DWG file. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Apply shading to a view. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Play a walkthrough.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. s Create a raytrace rendering. View > Shading d. s Add planting components. Split b. you use: a. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Export an FBX file. s Assign materials. you use: a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Orient walls and windows. Align c.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. In the following exercises. 3. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Evaluate Students. and braces. foundations. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . Review structural columns. 4. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beam systems. beams and braces. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 2.

and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and other structural elements will be located in a building.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. beams.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects. especially columns. Knowing where structural members.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.

Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Engineering.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. After completing this lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Place beam systems and braces. Structural s 401 . Place columns and beams on grids. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Create column grids. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

On the View Control Bar. Structural columns can be steel. spans without walls. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Beams connect columns or walls.Hide Category. In this exercise. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. this is known as post and beam construction. Select a floor. 1. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. They come in types defined by size and shape. click Column > Structural Column. 2. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . wood. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.Structural . Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. or concrete. often mainly glass. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. On the Build panel of the Home tab. As with columns. 3. beams can be steel. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. In residential construction. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. or reinforced concrete.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Open Deck Framing.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. wood. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.

On the Options Bar. Structural s 403 . This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 8. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 7. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4.4. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 5. and 4B. 6. 3A. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". click Depth. In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the View Control Bar.

11. rail. Click Hide In View > Element.9. 10. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. In the Project Browser. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Zoom in so you can see the deck.Structural . 2. Place Beams 1. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". and columns clearly. Click OK. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Right-click. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view).

Click. click Beam. On the Options Bar. s In the view window. 5. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. To place beams: Structural s 405 . select Chain. On the Structure tab. 4. Structure panel.3. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall.

set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . Click. On the Properties palette.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. 7. 6. Click Modify. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

8. Click. Save the file as Deck Beams. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click on grid intersection B4. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structural s 407 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. 11. as shown. In this exercise. click Beam. 12. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Click OK. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. 9.rvt. click Make Wall Bearing. Structure panel. On the Properties palette.

A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Click the beam on Grid 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing. The completed exercise 5. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames.rvt. On the Structure tab. In this exercise.Structural .Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. Place Beam Systems 1. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structure panel. Open Deck Beams. click No. s Place braces. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. distance. click Pick Supports. you: s Place beam systems. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 2. click Sketch Beam System. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. or number of beams in a bay. 3. 4. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. click Beam System. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. This system saves time when preparing framing plans.

6. click Line. On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. 7. as shown. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall.

410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .2". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s 9. 11.Structural . click Create Similar. click Line.6". Click Finish. On the Mode panel. 10. s s On the Draw panel. s s s On the Draw panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.8. set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary. click Pick Supports. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click the beam on Grid 2. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. On the Properties palette. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. click Finish (green check).

4. On the Structure tab. On the View tab. 3. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Click to place the elevation. click Brace.Place Braces 1. Structure panel. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the View Control Bar. unlike regular elevations. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Structural s 411 . set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. It has an automatic work plane. 2. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Create panel. In the Project Browser. 5.

In the Type Selector. 7.6. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace.Structural . Click Modify. to start the brace. In the view window. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat the brace going right to left. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 8.

Structural s 413 .10. you: s Placed beam systems. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. In this exercise. s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure.rvt. 11.

as shown. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. 2. The numbering automatically increments. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. The exact location is not critical. This is a common step early in designing a large building. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. The exact length is not critical. Pull the cursor straight up. beams. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Datum panel. click Grid. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. You can change a grid number at any time. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and walls. In plan views. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. In this exercise.Structural . elevation. click in the lower left to start a grid line.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s s In the view window. Grid datasets. and section views. but they can also be angular and radial. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4.3. The Grid tool is still active. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 . Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".

Enter A at the keyboard. click to place the grid line. click Copy. s Select Grid Line 2. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Pull the cursor to the left. Press ENTER. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.5. The new grid line is number 5. close to the heads. Pull the cursor to the right. Click to start a grid line.Structural . s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The new grid line will be number 3. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 7. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Repeat to create grid line 4. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. 6. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point.

s Select grid 2.1. 10. Structural s 417 . Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Grid 2. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. The Grid tool is still active. 11.8. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.1 is still selected. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. On the grid line. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This grid line will be number B. s Click to place the grid line. s Click Copy. Change the number to 2. This completes the main grid. 9. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. click the elbow control to place an offset.

click Pick.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Click to place the grid head. 4. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. select Center-Ends Arc. s s Click grid intersection D3. click Grid.Structural . On the Draw panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Click in the new grid bubble. Zoom to Fit. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. 3. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Home tab. Press ENTER. Create panel. The Grid tool is still active. set Offset to 15'-0". 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . enter 15. Change the number to EE. click Radius. s Click to start the grid line. In the Radius field. On the Options Bar.000 o .

The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click to place grid FF. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. You will need to identify it easily. 7. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3.5. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 6. Structural s 419 . This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line.

s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Revit will create grid 32. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Enter 31 to change the name. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 11.Pick Axis. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Click in the new grid bubble. click Create Similar.8. Press ENTER. click Mirror . Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click to place the grid line. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .000. s Select grid 31.Structural . s 10. s In this exercise.rvt. s Select grid 3. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit. 9. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click grid intersection D3.

In this exercise. s 3. In the Type Selector. s Use a column grid to place beams. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Change a grid layout. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. click Column > Structural Column.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structure panel. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. you typically create a grid. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. Structural s 421 . Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. This is a steel column. Open ADA_Grids-complete. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. As a result.

If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.Structural . 4. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 6. B. click Finish. 2. click At Grids.s s On the Options Bar. 4. C and D. 5. In the Multiple panel. 3. set Height to Level 3. On the Multiple panel. A.

4. click On Grids. click Finish. Zoom to Fit. Click Grid 1. columns. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Window-select all the grid lines. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". The grid. 3. 2. On the Multiple panel. Structural s 423 . On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Beam. 5. and beams will move to the right.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Open Floor Plan Level 2.

Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 4. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click Isolated. click Finish. 1. In the view window. Columns and beams will move to the right. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6.Structural . On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. click At Columns. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 3. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click No. Open the Default 3D view. click Undo. On the Quick Access toolbar. Click Redo. 2.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Press ESC to clear the column selection. A warning displays. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". The footing had been placed at Level 1. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Structural s 425 . Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool.5. in the Type Selector. 6. Click OK. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". s On the Properties palette. The footing changes size. To change the size of the footing. 7.

s Added footings to columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . In this exercise. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams. s Changed a grid layout.8.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural . s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Questions 1. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. 2. s Add footings to columns. s Use a column grid to place columns. Brace c. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place braces.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Column b. True b. s Place beam systems. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Beam d. All of the above. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Change a grid layout.

When placing columns or beams. Select the type of beam or column to place. you can: a. Properties c. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Flip Orientation d. Stretch b. If you relocate a grid line. 3. To change the height of a column. All of the above. c. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. A and B. d. 5. b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you use: a. To create a beam system. b. True b. 2. a. False 4. a. c. you: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. True b.Structural . Pick points. A but not B. Select a beam type and define the system layout.Revit Architecture Questions 1. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. d.

Susan Harrington . Copyright s 431 . Poway High School. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. PE . Starkweather .Instructor. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Ltd. Smith .org Project Lead the Way.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Randy Dymond.Director.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Mathematics.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. International Technology Education Association www.Teacher. Milwaukee.Executive Director.iteaconnect. Poway.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. CA Ronald A Williams. South Division High School. Inc. WI Roger Dohm .

EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. All other brand names. CA 94903. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. or parts thereof. Trademarks Autodesk. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. “AS IS. product names. Published by: Autodesk. Autodesk Inventor. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk.© 2010 Autodesk. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. for any purpose. AutoCAD Civil 3D. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. 2010 Autodesk. Autodesk Revit MEP.. Inc. All rights reserved.. INC. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Inc. Inc. INC. AutoCAD. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. AutoCAD MEP. by any method. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS.” AUTODESK. Inc. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. this publication. All rights reserved. Inc. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful