Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

You can add building elements in plan. elevation. stairs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. section. Other building elements such as doors. windows. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. floors. furniture.Software Tools . roofs.

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . If one is moved. or at any time after. In the illustration shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the two illustrations shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s Place a predefined Mass family. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Constrain placement of objects. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. and math standards. Engineering. engineering. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab.

size. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. you can create in-place masses. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Masses can be edited in many ways. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. roofs. walls.Software Tools . owner. There are mass families available to load into a project. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. quickly.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and curtain systems. and then converted into building components such as floors. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or masses. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . A designer. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. such as distance requirements from roadways.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . masses. walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

engineering. This lesson relates to science. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Recognize temporary dimensions. technology. Technology. legends. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and symbol heads.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. tags. s Explain the use of dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and Language Arts. Annotation includes text notes. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. or angular.Software Tools . radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Open and use ribbon tabs. and Options Bar. This lesson relates to science. s Work with tool buttons.Software Tools . and math standards. Engineering. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Technology. technology. Math (STEM). s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . engineering. and Language Arts. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. the Type Selector. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

doors. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. for instance. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. and rooms. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. beams. Its position is fixed.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. windows. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Some commands will not be active (that is. Display and Navigation s 31 .

Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

trusses. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. detailing. and foundations. symbols. columns. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 . and text. braces. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. structural walls.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters. and inquiry. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. Context tabs display as you work.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New. Open. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print. Save. and Close.Software Tools .

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.Software Tools . sheets. with four elevation markers visible. families. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Legends.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and groups. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

level of detail. sun settings.Software Tools . View Control Bar View scale. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. visual style. A check mark indicates it is visible. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. cropping. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. shadow display. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. Windows panel on the ribbon. rendering (in 3D views). click the User Interface button located on the View tab.

but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Display and Navigation s 43 . The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. To change the scale of a view. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Hidden Line. Shaded. Shaded with Edges.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools . Hidden Line is the default.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. which can be according to the view. date and time. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location. sun and shadow intensity.

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It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

the view window displays a colored border.Software Tools . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Crop region selected.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . enabling you to select them. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings.

To activate or open a view. Annotate. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Nine tabs are available: Home. View. Collaborate. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Structure. Insert. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Manage and Modify.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Massing & Site. Display and Navigation s 55 . The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. When a context tab is active. If you select items in the view window. Options Bar. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens.Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . the Options Bar may display below it. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. showing options that you can select while you are working. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab opens on the ribbon.

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When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.Software Tools .

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Print.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Click a file name to open that file. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. and Publish. New File. File Save. Display and Navigation s 65 . On the right is a list of recently opened files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. The application menu contains file management controls. the application menu. Export.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

To start a new project. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Do this for other tabs. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. 3. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. make the Home tab active. After you have examined each of them. 2. The completed exercise 4. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. or click New > Project from the application menu. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Navigation s 67 . Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. On the ribbon. If you select the menu option.

Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7. you opened a project file. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.5. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. They disappear when you move the cursor away. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Close the file without saving. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. and then viewed. 6.Software Tools . In this exercise. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. doubleclick the view name. In the Project Browser. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in Getting Started.rvt. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. 2. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . Exercise 2. Open quick_start_building_elements. The file opens to a 3D view. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.

The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Clear Walls and Doors. You are selecting everything visible. . Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click any interior wall. On the Properties palette. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. all the walls. Click the door in the upper left of the model. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click Filter panel > Filter. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. doors. 8. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click OK. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 4.Software Tools . and windows highlight blue. 5. 6. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model.3. 7.

On the Properties palette. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. 11. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Place a door as shown. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click any door. click Create panel > Create Similar. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected.9. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 12. In this exercise. you opened a project file. examined the menus and toolbars. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt. Display and Navigation s 71 . 10.

Math (STEM). Component families include model objects (furniture. ceiling plan. templates. and 3D views using the View menu. Revit provides floor plan. and views. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Engineering. and elevation views by default. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . floors). You can create sections. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. drafting views. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. System families include levels. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. s Load and place component families. lines. s Work with Revit families. either predefined or user-created. Pan. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. operating settings. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. display controls. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Create a new in-place family. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. schedules. annotations. Technology. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom.Software Tools . building elements (walls. In the exercises. mechanical equipment).

This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering. and math standards. technology.

Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Open Unit2_building_elements. There is no way to see everything in it. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Rightclick in the view window.Software Tools . The elevation markers disappear from the view. is an extensive database. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. VG also opens the dialog box. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click OK. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Four elevation markers are visible.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The completed exercise Visibility 1. even a small one.rvt. The display changes. 3. First. Click Zoom to Fit.

Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click Zoom In Region. Select the roof outline. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. click Detail Level. There are two parts to an elevation. Right-click. Select Detail Level: Medium. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. 5.4. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click. Enter ZF. Click Open. 6. Zoom to Fit. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click and drag the cursor as shown. so be sure to select them both. 7. On the View Control Bar. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser.

Click Zoom to Fit. doors and windows are not shown. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. On the Properties palette. as before. Enter VH. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.8. View Properties 1. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Turn off visibility of the elevations. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view.Software Tools . You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 2. change the Underlay value to None. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.

0". Set the cut plane value to 7' .3. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. click Edit. and where the cut plane sits. Next to View Range. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. the ridge is now visible. For Name. Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click OK. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . 4. enter Roof. Click Rename.

Software Tools . Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 4. select Still. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 3. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Graphic Display Options 1. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Open Elevation view South. Set the time to 9:30 am. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 2. Accept the location that activates. In the dialog box that opens. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. select Winter Solstice. under Solar Study. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. In the Presets list. 5. select Shading with Edges. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shadows On.

Save the file as Unit2_views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.rvt. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 6. In this exercise.

s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and families in place. furniture. walls. you open an existing project file. furniture). These components are called families and there are several different types. 2. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. On the Home tab. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and place Revit families. railings.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. In Revit. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. You add closet doors to interior walls. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This exercise illustrates how you locate. or institutional structures. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. and so on. and annotations are examples of standard families. s A system family. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. and use a Revit family to place a door. roofs. standard families. and floors. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. windows. Doors are considered standard family entities. Additionally. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Doors. There are system families. click Door.rvt. or stand-alone (for example. is predefined within Revit. floors. lights. such as levels. 3. and furniture. commercial. load. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Open Unit2_views.Software Tools . windows. Build panel.

Click Open. Furniture. Tag panel.rvt. Accept the default size. It has a number of different sizes defined. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. 5. s s 6. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You click to place an instance of the door family.rfa. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Locate Double Panel 2. Click Open.rfa. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. As you move your cursor near any wall. On the Modify | Place Door tab.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. 4. If you highlight a door family. and Annotation. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Project files have a file extension of *. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click the Doors folder. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Family files have a file extension of *. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).

Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 9.Software Tools . 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .7. Place an instance of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. In this exercise. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. loaded. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Place two more instances of the door as shown.rvt. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. you located. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 8. but not strongly. and placed instances of a door family. simply click it. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.

Select the double door as shown. 4. The required width is not available.rvt. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. you open an existing project file. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. This door needs to be 48" wide. Click OK. Open Unit2_doors_walls. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 2. click Duplicate. 5. 3. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. and create an in-place family.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 .

The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Click OK. Click OK. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . set the Extrusion End value to 6". imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. For Name. 5. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. click Component > Model In-Place. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 3. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.6. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 2. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. On the Properties palette. select Generic Models.Software Tools . The door updates. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. enter Hall Clock. 4. 1. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. In the dialog box. Build panel. On the Home tab. is to create a component family in place.

as shown. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". click Rectangle. you located. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.0' 2". Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 7.4" as shown. In this exercise. 11. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. loaded. 13.2". Revit will display . Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .6. The family model updates. On the Draw panel. 9.rvt. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 8. 10. 12. and placed a door family. Click OK. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. You have created the base of the clock.

Software Tools . s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law.

s Open different views. All content tools are located on the ribbon. and click Open. Questions 1. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. 7. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. a. a. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. context tabs. Create a 3D perspective view. and Options Bar. s Access. c. 6. a. c. Views can be renamed. b. To activate a view: a. and place a family from a library. s Change view properties. True b. Right-click. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. False 4. tab. True b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click.Software Tools . b. The tool shown is used to: a. depending on the template selected. False 3. d. Go to View > View Name in the menu. d. False 2. Each project has several predefined views. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. True b. c. Zoom in Region is used to: a. s Change view displays. s Create an in-place model family. Either a or b. False 5. d. a. Turn on Shadows. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom to an area selected by a right click. load. s Change type properties of a family. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Zoom to the entire model. Spin the model in 3D space.

) are called: a. windows. A family created within a project is called ________________. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. All of the above. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. System c. etc. Properties palette 10. In-Place d.8. depending on settings 9. Pan and Zoom b. a. Rotate c. Parts d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Standard b. Multiview b. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Blocks c. Scroll d. Families 11. Project Browser d.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create dimension and text styles. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create labels. 9. 3. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 2. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . Review Revit Architecture setup. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. Lesson Plan 1. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 5. 6. 8. s Create dimensions and text.

and the settings that are preset within them. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Visit the AIA website at www. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.org. linetypes. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.aias. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Explain why templates are used. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. linetypes.org. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. defining the layers. and Language Arts. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. After completing this lesson. should be used. colors. Math (STEM).Standards and Building Codes . and so forth. To review the list of standards for each lesson. colors. Many cities and counties have their own rules. Technology. Visit the AIAS website at www.aia. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . based on the AIA standards.

and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

and so on. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. otherwise it is considered a carport. For example.Standards and Building Codes . a common area (such as a living room or family room). a bathroom. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. it must have at least one door. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. A garage must be completely enclosed. and so on. windows. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. and one closet. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. If there is a fire. one window. it cannot be called a bedroom. like mechanical drawing. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. A unit is a particular physical quantity. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the number being its numerical value. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. a garage. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. If it lacks any of these components. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. doors. defined and adopted by convention.

and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . In architectural drafting. such as room size and wall height. is 555 ft. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. is 169 m. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies.. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. in the United States. Another method is to apply dual notation. its value is expressed in the unit meter. However. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Here h is the physical quantity. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. unit symbol m. also known as the International System of Units. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. glass.For example. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. and other materials. using imperial units. or imperial. the construction industry still uses the English.. unit symbol ft.

This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. In Revit Architecture. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.) 8.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). every 1/8" would represent 1'. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and viewports. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. one value representing another value. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".Standards and Building Codes . Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. sheets. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Each size is designated by a letter.Scales are ratios. line weight and pattern.

site plan. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create and position views.01. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). and then add a title block or other symbols. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). notes Demolition. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. temporary Schedules Sections.a modified version of the AIA standard. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. symbols.01. elevators. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .

The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and other relevant information. Typically. the date drawn. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The column is divided into sections. annotation plot sizes. The paper is oriented landscape. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. that is. It identifies the drawing with a title or description.Standards and Building Codes . the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. followed by information on the building's owner. drawing scales. the HVAC company. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. the electrician. and so on. so that the height is less than the width. The next space is for tracking revisions. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. the author of the drawing.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. fonts. and layer standards. For example. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Usually. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project.

dimension and text styles. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. title blocks. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

and walls. views. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Engineering. dimension styles. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). These can be used to build your model. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Standards and Building Codes .Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . windows.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Settings s 101 .

You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. On the application menu. 2. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . factory. In Revit. you use templates as starting points. In the New Project dialog box. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Condominiums. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Open Revit to an empty project file. 3. apartments. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. or store. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. click Browse. Select a Template 1.Standards and Building Codes . click New > Project. you create a new project file using a template. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.

rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. saving set up time. 6. 5. Select the Residential-Default. On the application menu. click Close to close this project without saving. In this exercise. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Click OK. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. you started a new project file using a standard template. Settings s 103 . You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click Open.4.

In the Project Browser. open ADA__Settings. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Build panel. Pull the cursor to the right. In the courseware datasets folder. 3. Press ESC to cancel the wall. The file opens to a 3D view. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. expand Floor Plans under Views. s Place the cursor over the left wall.Standards and Building Codes . The Wall tool remains active. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. In this exercise.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Click to start a new wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. click Wall. 2. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.rvt. the drawing setup options are preset.

(The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Format for Length.) 6. 7. Click OK twice to save the setting change. and move the cursor right. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Settings s 105 . For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Close the file without saving. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Place the cursor over the left wall. 8. In this exercise. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. s Set Unit symbol to m. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 5.4. click to start a new wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. click Aligned. dimensions not only display. On the Properties palette. 3. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . there are two types of dimensions. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.rvt. click Edit Type.Standards and Building Codes . 2. but also control the size and location of objects. In the Type Properties dialog box. or insert components. Dimension panel. For Name. 4. enter Big Text. Open ADA_Dimensions. By default. Click OK.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 1. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. temporary and permanent. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. create.

Click to place. s Set Text Size to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. 6. Select the top. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 7. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Settings s 107 .5. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Click OK twice. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. left. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The Dimension tool is still active.

Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Close the file without saving. Click to place the dimension. In this exercise. you opened an existing file. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.Standards and Building Codes . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. created a new dimension style. The Dimension tool stays active. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. s s s Select the far left.8. and far right vertical walls. upper.

You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In order to do this. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Notice the door and window tags. and the view window displays the new plan.rvt. In the datasets folder. In the Project Browser. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. There are no annotations visible. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. 2. Right-click. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Settings s 109 . These are annotations. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.

Standards and Building Codes . 1. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. click Project Information. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK to update the display of this view. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. On the Manage tab. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Model Categories tab. 5. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 6. In the Project Browser. Double-click to open it. 8. Click Rename. Click OK. Settings panel. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Project Browser. 7.4. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 9. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets.

2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Settings s 111 . Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. You can also enter the address of your school. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. 2. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.Add a Sheet 1. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Rightclick. In the Value column of Project Address. 3. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Enter the address as shown. click Edit. or supply your own values: Click OK.) 3. Click OK. Click New Sheet. Click OK.

s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.4. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Notice the change to the title block. 5. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Apply. Next. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. In the Identity Data and Other sections.Standards and Building Codes .

Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 4. 2. Settings s 113 . Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 3. Right-click.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Select the new viewport. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Click Activate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet.

The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Placed a view on the sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. The view updates on the sheet. deselect it.Standards and Building Codes . you: select it.5. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Finish the move. s Added a sheet. Place the cursor 7. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. 6. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. of the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes.

It opens to the Recent Files window. Start Revit Architecture. Click Open. 3. Settings s 115 . The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. On the application menu.5 title block template opens. This is one of the longer exercises. A copy of the 11 x 8. click New > Titleblock. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 2. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 4. Select A-11x8.rft.5.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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rfa. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 10. Accept the Sample Value. 13. Click Zoom to Fit.Landscape. click Save to save the title block. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . 15. you created a title block using a template file. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. s Click Add.9. 11. On the Quick Access toolbar. Your teacher may specify another location. On the application menu. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. select Drawn By. Save the title block as A . 14. Right-click. In this exercise. click Close. 12. Add a label for Checked By. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Accept the Sample Value. s Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Add a label for Sheet Number.

click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Your title block is now displayed in the list. On the View tab. Locate your title block. Insert a Title Block 1. and then load a custom title block into your project. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. click New to create a new project using the default template. 2. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. you create a new project file. Settings s 125 . Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. 3. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. The title block appears in the graphics window. 5. 4. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. In the Recent Files window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Click Open. Highlight the title block and click OK.

enter Student Project Unit 3.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. In this exercise. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Settings panel. Click Zoom to Fit. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter your instructor's name. s For Checked By. Click OK. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. On the Manage tab. 2. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 4. s For Drawn By. enter your name. 3. 5. On the Properties palette. 6. The parameters on the title block will update as shown.Standards and Building Codes . Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Select the title block. Click OK. you a created a new project file. Click OK. click Project Information. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.

s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. In this exercise. 3. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. There are various settings you can define for your template. 1. a dimension style. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. 2. Create a Template In this exercise. you define the title block. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. including how the rendered image looks. On the application menu. such as 3D and plan views. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. On the Insert tab. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. and slope angle. In the New Project dialog box. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. settings. and the units for your custom template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. select Project Template. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. you create a new project file. Click OK.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. angles. and then load them like families. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. and geometry from the template. in addition to predefined wall types. click New > Project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions.

In the Type Properties dialog box. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You create a custom dimension style. On the Manage tab. For Name. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 9.rfa. 8. Click OK twice. click Duplicate. 7. There will be no visible change.Standards and Building Codes . Next.4. click Settings panel > Project Units. Open the title block A . 6. create a Dimension Style. 10. Set the units for the template.Landscape. 5. Click the Length field in the Format column. enter 3/16" Verdana. On the Annotate tab.

Click OK.11. Click OK. select Sheets (All).Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 14. 12. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. In the Project Browser. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 15. On the Properties palette. Settings s 129 . Click New Sheet. Select the A . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Rightclick. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.

Save your project template in your class project folder. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .16. Save the file name as A-English template. and units that you defined. In this exercise. 17. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. title block.Standards and Building Codes . The title block updates. as well as dimension style and units. Click OK.rte. You can use this template for future projects.

s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. or new combinations of existing materials.

s Create a title block. a. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create text.05 c. 1:3 b. 1:12 c. is defined as what? a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. UBC c. you learned to: s Set units in a file.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.02 d. NCSESA 2. General Questions 1.Standards and Building Codes . s Create labels. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A particular physical quantity. English c. s Change lineweight. Metric d. and symbols used in drawing? a. Using AIA Standards. P. 1:32 5. s Create a text style. AIA b.02 b. A. An architect b. A unit 4. s Create dimensions. False 3. A.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Change dimension colors. True b. NCTM d. S. s Create a template. s Create a dimension style. 1:24 d. a. a. dimension styles.

By default. Wall centerlines c. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. In Revit Architecture. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. Wall midpoints d. To create a new sheet. you click: a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Wall faces b. True b. True b. True b. you use: a. False 6. Application menu > Properties b. Point offsets 3. False 4. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. dimensions snap to: a. To change the scale of a view. Application menu > New > Sheet b. To set the units in a project. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False Summary/Questions s 133 .

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Define a wall structure. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 4. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Trim and extend walls. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit.

separate. or filling in between. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. After completing this lesson. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. them. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and protect its interior spaces. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.Walls . you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. List the different types of occupancy. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . their construction and materials.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Clear the Chain option. click it to open an edit field. 5.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. indicating wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action. a dashed line displays. Select the Single Line option. Expand the Type Selector list. Walls s 151 . an angular dimension displays. It will not print. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Click to set the endpoint. 4. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. After you create the wall. the dimension updates incrementally. Enter 10. To modify a dimension. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Stud. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.Brick on Mtl.3. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. As you continue to move the cursor.

click Create Similar. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. click Modify to stop placing walls. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. 7. enter 7. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. the controls may sit on top of one another. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Select panel. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector.Walls . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Click the wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.6. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. On the View Control Bar. click the Detail Level icon. Depending on your zoom in the view. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. On the Modify | Walls tab. Click to start the next wall. Press ENTER. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. 8. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Create panel. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side.

notice how the wall joins at the corner. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Walls s 153 . Click Modify. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Also. Select the right vertical wall. an alignment line displays. 10. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Because you drew the wall from up to down. no matter where you move the cursor. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.9. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Notice that two dimensions display. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side.

Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. On the Home tab. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Right-click. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Repeat. Build panel. This is the same as clicking Modify. 14. Sketch the walls as shown. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Click Cancel.Walls . 12. When using the Chain option. Select Chain on the Options Bar.11. 16. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Wall. Select the lower vertical wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 13. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 15. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.

20. After clicking the second end. Select the Three Point Arc tool. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Modify. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Clear the Chain option.18. 19.rvt. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 17. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click Create Similar again. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Walls s 155 .

Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. This exercise illustrates how to split. align. Split Walls 1. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. Both split walls are shown below. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Click Modify. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 2. you first split the walls at the intersections. To do this. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and extend walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Only part of the wall highlights. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.Walls . fillet. 4.rvt from the previous exercise. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. You now remove the upper right corner. trim. 3. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.

You can also click the flip control. click Delete. 5. On the Modify | Wall tab. On the Options Bar. click Create Similar. 3. select Radius. Walls s 157 . If you make a mistake. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 2. 4. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. click Undo and repeat the steps. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). This is how you create rounded wall corners. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Create panel. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Select any wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. Click Fillet Arc. Enter 5'. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Modify panel.Fillet Walls 1.

You align the wall in the next steps.Walls . Place an interior wall as shown. 2. select Basic Wall: Interior . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 1. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 3. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Wall tool is still active.

s On the Options Bar. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Click to create a wall.4. The length is not critical. such as location lines. You can lock the alignment. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up.

Select the vertical wall as shown. This will be the border. 5. 4. Select the two interior walls in turn. The walls can cross. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. The length is not critical. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 2. 3. This will extend to the border. 6.

align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet. Walls s 161 .rvt.7.

Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Select the Exterior wall as shown. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. satisfy different requirements. 3. 1. In the Project Browser.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. On the Properties palette.Walls . The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. click Edit Type. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and vary in cost. The Modify tool is active by default.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. 2.

To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. the wall structure should be as shown. 6. Click Insert twice. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 7. except Core Boundary. s Click Down twice.4. 5. click Edit in the Structure value field. has a Function you can edit. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Click the arrow at the right. Click OK. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click Up. Every layer of a wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. Walls s 163 . s Click the number of Layer 3. To edit the structure of the wall. Add two additional layers to the wall. When you are finished. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 8. For Name.

13. Material. Modify the Function. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 12. Change the Layer Thickness to 2".9. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Set the Material to Wood . 11. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.Stud Layer. 10.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. select Finishes . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Exterior .Walls . s Set the Material to Finishes . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Click the icon that appears at the right. which displays plan or section views.

Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Walls s 165 . In the Project Browser. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Click Apply to update the view.14. 15. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 16. expand the Families branch. From the Detail level list. On the Properties palette. 17. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. select Medium.

Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Expand Walls > Basic Wall. Right-click 8" Exterior. 19. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. In this exercise. From the Type Selector list. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. You opened an existing file. 20. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Close the file without saving. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. defined a new wall structure. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18.

rvt. Stud walls as shown. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. a structural mid-section. 2. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You can define a wall type with these elements. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. and a decorated interior surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. wood rails.Brick on Mtl. In this exercise. 3.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Select one of the Exterior . such as a weatherproof outside surface. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. you create and modify vertically compound walls. for example. The model opens in a 3D view.

in the Structure value field. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. or you will lose your changes. To split a layer or region vertically. 7. Click Split Region. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active.Walls . You change the type. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. When you split a layer. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. As indicated in the dialog box title. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. into regions. In this exercise. click Edit. 2. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. highlight one of the borders. You can split regions into other regions. so all instances of this type change. You can assign different materials to regions. To split a layer or region horizontally. To define the structure of the wall. Wall structures are Type Properties. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 5. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.4. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 6. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. If not already expanded. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 1. You can set the sample height to any value. 8. either horizontally or vertically.

Brick layer. assign Layer 1. When you merge regions. Prehighlight a border between regions. 3. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . since both regions are composed of the same layer.3. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to merge them. 4. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 1. Walls s 169 . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. The upper split disappears. Click to split the region into two parts. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge the two layers. 2. In this case. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. After merge.

4. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click the temporary dimension text. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. click Modify. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. s Select the split line. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click again to return to the original position. Change the value to 12. In the Edit dialog box. 2. Press ENTER. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Next. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. to the next parallel line. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Revit converts the value to 12' 0".Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 3. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. instead of down. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. To create a new wall layer. The dimension text turns blue. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table.Walls . You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 2. 1. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. After a region is split. Click Insert. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. you assign the material Masonry Brick . 3. indicating that it is modifiable. 1. If you set the split offset down from the top. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.

9. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Modify. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Change the Material to Masonry . Split Region. Merge Region. In this exercise. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. All walls of this type have been changed. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click OK. 7. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 8. Click OK. 6. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Close the file without saving. It also shows a thickness value. The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course layer. as shown. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click Assign Layers. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 10.4. When a layer is selected in the table. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.Brick Soldier Course. Walls s 171 . 5. It immediately highlights in blue. because it is now the selected layer. and Insert Layer tools.

installed. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring.Walls . They also must resist sideways forces from wind. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. piping. ducting. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and insulation. and protected. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. earth. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the ventilation. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. but also the natural lighting. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. the view. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Custom types and sizes can also be built.Doors and Windows . and the amount of space you have inside your building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.Doors and Windows . ft.7 sq. The height can be no less than 24". 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. the width can be no less than 20". if there is no other escape route. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.

and math standards. In this unit. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. windows. s Center a door in a wall. Doors and Windows s 187 . Engineering. how to load additional door and window families. move. s Copy windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and furniture are defined in family files. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). you learn how to place doors and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Some families are loaded into each empty file. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and copy these elements. Components such as doors.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. and how to position. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls.

3.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. To flip the door. Build panel.Doors and Windows .rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . or 3D view. the door swing would be to the left side. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. 2. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. This can be done in a plan view. When placing doors in a plan view. Once a door is placed. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. In other words. On the Home tab. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. To reverse the swing. Add Doors 1. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. elevation view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. click Door.

Doors and Windows s 189 . select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". From the Type Selector list. click Load Family. on the Modify | Place Door tab. and windows into project files.rfa. The display does not change. In order to keep file size small. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Click Open. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.Load Families 1. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. walls. except for the Type Selector. 2. 3. Mode panel. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. With the Door command active.

use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. From the Type Selector. 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".Doors and Windows .4. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

Place instances of single doors as shown.6. simply click it and enter the correct value. If you place a door in the wrong location. change a temporary dimension. Remember. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. To Doors and Windows s 191 . you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. or by using the swing control arrows. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.

rvt.7.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.

rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. or 3D view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Open Unit5_doors. When placing windows in a plan view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. 2. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. From the Type Selector. Windows have exterior and interior sides. elevation view. approach the wall from the right side. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click Modify and select the window. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Build panel. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. click Window. Add Windows 1. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. the outside of the window is to the left side. On the Home tab. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can place windows in a plan view. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.

3.Doors and Windows . you opened an existing project.rvt. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. and placed windows. Place seven more windows as shown. In this exercise. You do not need to add dimensions. 5. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. Window tags do not number in sequence. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. loaded a door family. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. placed doors. 4.

Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. 2. and so on. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. you open an existing project file.rvt. place a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. 4. constrain it to be centered in a wall. On the Annotate tab. s Align and modify walls. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 1. click Aligned. Dimension panel. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. and modify the wall. wall. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 3. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. window.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center.

Click the right wall. the other wall will remain aligned. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. This means that if one wall shifts. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The walls are now aligned. The door changes location. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 6. Click the lock icon to enable it. Align Walls 1. Select the upper wall first. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Notice the symbol.s s s s Click the left wall. 5. Click the center of the door. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 2.

Dimensions display below it. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.) The dimension value is now shown. Clear the EQ Display value. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. 5.4. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Right-click. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 3. Change the dimension to 16. The walls shift and remain aligned.

Right-click.6. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise.rvt. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned.Doors and Windows . Click Zoom to Fit. 7.

In this exercise. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. especially if there are many different types. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 1. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. On the Modify | Windows tab. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 4. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. click Create Similar. Doors and Windows s 199 .rvt. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 2.

200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.Copy Windows 1. click Copy. The window will change appearance. The window is copied. Modify panel. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. On the Modify | Windows tab. 2. 4. Select the window you just placed. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.

5. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit.

and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. The stability of glass in response to wind.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. flat glass is a recent invention. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. heat. cold.

40" d. s Position a door or window. a. Custom 3. s Copy a door or window. 32" b. True b. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. False 2. 34" 4. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 28" b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. If a room is used for sleeping. Standard b. 30" c. 36" c. 32" d. s Place a window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Align a door or window. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. you learned to: s Place doors. a. General Questions 1.

To change the location of a door or window. Click Door Properties. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. The center snap 7. Load from Library b. Offset c.Doors and Windows . A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. True b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Flip Direction. Duplicate d. To center a door or window in a wall. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. True b. Clone b. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. Properties 3. Select the door. c. 4. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Select the door. a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Right-click. Use door grips to reposition. b. c. False 5. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . d. you use: a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Link c. Insert d. Click Door Properties. A reference plane b. b. a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Copy 8. True b. Load c. you: a. 6. d. False 2. Select the door. you use ________.

s Modify stair boundaries. 4. 5. 2. 3. (Student) Evaluate students. Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. Lesson Plan 1.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .

Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. After completing this lesson. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.

Math (STEM). and math standards. engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. and Language Arts.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Then. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Once the actual riser height is determined. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.

This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum.

Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Math (STEM). rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. You can define straight runs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. As you move the cursor. or tread. This lesson relates to technology. s Modify stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. ramps. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. engineering. which includes elevators. you will be able to: s Create stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. of certain horizontal depth or run. and spiral stairs. and Language Arts. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. s Add a railing. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties.Stairs and Railings .Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. or vertical circulation. For safety reasons. You create stairs in a plan view. Technology. In multistory buildings. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. U-shaped stairs. and math standards. and stairs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels.

The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. This enables you to place the stairs properly. you create stairs using a straight run. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. From the courseware datasets folder. 3. On the Properties palette. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. This file is in metric units. Before you create the stairs.

In this case.Stairs and Railings . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). you create a straight run. Click OK to close the dialog box. Run is preselected. On the Home tab. These tools are used to define your stairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. 5.4. Circulation panel. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Stairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs.

The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. select Finish (green check). you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. 9. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Select this intersection point to start your run. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. and then click to define the run of stairs. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Revit displays the number of risers you created. On the Mode panel. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. the run footprint stops expanding. Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can continue to move the cursor up. If you have not fully created the run. To change the run dimension. 8.6. As you move the cursor up. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 7. 10. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical.

11. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.rvt. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To avoid overwriting the original file.Stairs and Railings . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 12. In this exercise. and switched to a 3D view. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. you created and placed a straight run stair. 13. click application menu > Save As > Project. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.

Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Level 1. Edit panel. The stair is not centered on the landing. 2. Activate view Floor Plans. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. click Align. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.rvt. On the Modify tab.

Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.4. which is located at the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar. Click the center of the stairs. from the Prefer list. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. 5. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Take time to make the selections correctly. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. select Wall centerlines. The Align command remains active. You can rotate your model to get a better view. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. If you have a scroll mouse.Stairs and Railings . Click the center of the wall first. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. click Edit Type. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. and Dimensions subsections. s Click OK.6. expand Sections (Building Section). A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. On the Properties palette. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. railings were created with the stairs. 9. 8. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . enter Lobby Stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Graphics. Select the stairs. s Click Duplicate. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. s For Name. In the Project Browser. Change Width to 1350. As you prehighlight them. 7. On the Properties palette. Hover the cursor over the railing.

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Cherry s s Click Modify. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Lobby Stair View.Stairs and Railings . Select both railings. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.10. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .

The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Delete this line. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Mode panel. The railings change. click Edit Sketch.12. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Next. The stair changes to the run sketch. 14. Click it to select it. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 13. In the Type Selector. you change the shape of the stairs. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Stairs and Railings s 225 . s Zoom in on the stairs.

Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 19. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 18. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 17. Click Modify. Click to place the arc. s On the Modify panel. On the Draw panel. click the left end of the top riser.15. click Boundary.Stairs and Railings . To place the second arc endpoint. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 16.

Next. On the Draw panel. First. Stairs and Railings s 227 . The left boundary will be mirrored. Click to exit the Mirror command. click Riser.21. For the third point. This will define a rounded first step. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. the arc center point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the left boundary. 20. select the endpoint of the right boundary.

22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results.rvt. You also modified the properties of a railing. you modified stair properties and boundaries. On the Mode panel. click Finish.

2. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. The completed exercise To create a railing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. you need to define a path for the railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. This is typically done in plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Select the right side railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Stairs and Railings s 229 .rvt from the previous exercise. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. you sketch the plan view path. In this case. 3.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Click Modify. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. For simple railings. Therefore. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.

230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . edit the temporary dimension. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 6. 5. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. s s On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings . click Edit Path. on the Modify | Railings tab. On the Draw panel. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. select Chain. The dimensions are shown as a guide. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. click Line.4. Then. To set the exact distance. Mode panel. Once the railing is selected. 7. You do not need to add dimensions.

Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 8. In this exercise.rvt. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete your lines and try again. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. 9. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. you used sketch tools to create a railing.

s On the Options Bar. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. set the Offset value to 850. Create a Reference Plane 1. you create a reference plane. the stairs appear as a U-shape. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.rvt from the previous exercise. In this exercise. s On the Home tab.Stairs and Railings . Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. 2. In a floor plan view. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Work Plane panel. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.

Circulation panel. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Matte 2. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. click Stairs. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 5. 4. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Click OK twice. enter Exit Stairs. On the Properties palette. For Name.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. On the Home tab. Dark Gray. Click Edit Type.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. To start sketching the run. change the Width parameter to 900. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Pull the cursor straight up. Click OK. 3. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 6.

with none remaining to be created. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer to the right. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Press ENTER. Click to finish the stair run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7.Stairs and Railings . 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 9. 8. enter 1925. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.

you select Continue to return the sketch. but they are hidden behind walls. If you get an error message.10. You want to inspect your stairs. it is because you have overlapping lines. Remove the additional lines. On the Stairs panel. To remove the lines. 2. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click Finish Stairs. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Click Finish Stairs again. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. 11. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the View Control bar. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure.

In this exercise. 4. 5. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This is a multistory stair. The exterior walls reappear. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. you learned to create a reference plane. Select the stairs so they highlight. Zoom in to see your stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair.rvt. On the View Control Bar. 2. 6. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Finally.3. 3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Properties palette. The walls are now hidden. Reset the Display 1.Stairs and Railings . You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.

escalators. ramps.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 .

Stairs and Railings . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. and deliver riders without wait time.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. but they can also be highly decorative. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. smoke guards. They cost less. this openness makes them fire hazards. Include landings as required by your local building code.

30" b. True b. 32" c. 40" 4. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. a. s Modify stair boundaries.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 45 degrees c. s Create railings. b. and all treads should be the same run. you learned to: s Create stairs. 180 degrees 3. True b. False 2. False Summary/Questions s 239 . A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. General Questions 1. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 36" d. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 25 degrees b. a. a. 90 degrees d.

False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . risers and treads. Boundary lines. riser lines c. Line b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Circle 4. Modify c. Treads. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. False 6. Home b. a. Fasten Railing 5.Stairs and Railings . risers b. Manage d. a. Align Railing d. You can apply materials to different stair components. True b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Railings. Attach Railing c. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Insert 2. riser d. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Arc d. a. you use the _______ option. risers 3. True b. Run. Pick New Host b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. that is. Rectangle c.

s Place gutters. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 9.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 11. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 5. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 4. Evaluate Students. (Student) 3. Review of roof types. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials.

tiles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Identify the different roof types. run. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.Roofs . or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . roof types. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. gutters. It addresses roof construction. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Calculate the rise. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. After completing this lesson. and downspouts.

usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. engineering. and math standards. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. technology. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Rake: The inclined. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Sloped roofs. texture. and color. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. They come in several types. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. maintenance. and sunlight. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. and sun. as well as how effective a shelter it is. resistance to wind and fire. and colors. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. are designed for shedding water and snow. snow. rot. durability. and if visible. and if visible. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. the roofing pattern. durability. texture. resistance to wind and fire. and color. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. the roofing pattern. and low maintenance roofing material. resulting in at least one textured face. You can use them for many different applications. About Roofs s 245 . maintenance.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. both low and steep. brands. These are used more often on upscale homes. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. fire-resistant. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable.

Roofs . Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . special characteristics (for example. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. galvanized steel. treatment for insects. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. or corrugated structural glass. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. fiberglass. and insulating capability (R-value). and so forth). The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. odor. When choosing the insulation for your job. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. reinforced plastic. zinc alloy. and require little maintenance. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). choose a type that will suit your needs. quality.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. Unfortunately. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. They are fire-resistant. durable. This same roof on a clear. consider such factors as cost. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. Therefore. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. galvanized steel. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains.

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs.

rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. run. The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. and span.

and pitch is noted as a fraction. try to specify standard roof pitch. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7-12. 7 on 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 7 to 12. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.When designing a roof.

soffits. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create a hip roof. Once you create a roof. you can add gutters. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Assign roof structure and materials. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. To create a roof by face. or ice. you work with massing shapes and not building components. snow. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Roofs s 255 . To create a roof by the extrusion method. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Place gutters. that convey rainwater to drains. and fascia. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. or roof overhangs. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Create a roof fascia. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Create various roof types. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. dormers. often supporting a gutter. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. or eaves. water.

Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. and math standards. technology. engineering.Roofs . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts.

This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .rvt. select the Name option. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK to continue. you create an extruded roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration.. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 3. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. In the Work Plane dialog box. Open ADA_Roofs. 2. To create an extruded roof. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise.

s Use the image below for guidance. 4. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Before sketching the roof's profile. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. The section view should display as shown. Click Open View. On the Work Plane panel. 2.Roofs . click Line. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. click Ref Plane. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. In the Go To View dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. 3. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Section: Section 1. Draw panel.5. 6.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. Using the image below for guidance. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Roofs s 259 . s Click Modify.6. 5. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value.

Click Modify. 1. click Chain. 5. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Horizontal. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 7. On the Mode panel. Right-click. you can label them. 2. s On the Options Bar. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 4. Click OK. 6. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. for Name.Roofs .Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Finish (green check). Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 3. click Line.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 .12" type.8. Switch to a 3D view. 9.

you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. carefully select the far right roof edge. On the Modify tab. Using the images for guidance. This is a two-step process. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 1. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface.Roofs . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Edit Geometry panel. 3. 2. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.

Select both walls. Roofs s 263 . open the view Sections: Section 1. select Attach Wall: Top. 2. In the Project Browser. 3. To select both walls together. Trim Walls 1. On the Modify Wall panel.4. click Attach: Top/ Base. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Options Bar. Select the roof. This will join the wall tops to the roof. However. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. the vertical walls extrude through the roof.

Switch to a 3D view. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. The roof now looks correct. In this exercise.rvt.Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.

prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. so you look straight down as in a plan. Unit7_first_roof. by Footprint. The footprint sketch is created at 2. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. 1.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 3. From the drop-down list. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. On the Home tab. Click Yes. Build panel.rvt. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. from existing walls. 4. select Garage Roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Because you are in a 3D view. In this exercise. a dialog box is displayed.

click Defines Slope. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .Roofs . select the vertical wall on the left. 8. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar.5. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s On Options Bar. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 6. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . If you place a line on the wrong side. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. click Pick Walls. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Use the image below for guidance. Next. 7.0". clear the Defines slope option.

change the value to 6"/12". 3. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. When a roof line is set to slope defining. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Yes. Click the 9"/12" text. By default. It becomes an editable field. To complete the roof. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Change this value to 6"/12". 2. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Select the right side roof line. Select the left slope defining line. click Finish. Click Modify. Roofs s 267 . When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. The new roof displays. defining lines separately. 1. Other controls also display. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value.

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.4. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.Roofs . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.

Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.rvt. On Home tab. The file opens to a 3D view. click to select them. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Clear Defines Slope. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. 3. When all of the walls prehighlight. To chain-select all of the walls. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. On the Options Bar. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Roofs s 269 . Build panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. 4. set the overhang to 1' 0".

On the Draw panel.Create a Roof Opening 1. 2. click Rectangle.Roofs . you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 4. Right-click. Zoom into the chimney area. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Using the image for guidance. On the Options Bar. 3. As an alternate.

4. Roofs s 271 . select the Defines Slope. 6. On the Options Bar. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete.Add Slope Lines 1. Click Finish. As in the previous exercise. 3. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click Modify. horizontal line. The slope indicator displays. 5. select Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. click Yes. Select the left lower horizontal line. 2. On the Options Bar.

attached walls.rvt. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.Roofs .7. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise. and chimney penetration. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.

set Overhang to 2' .rvt. The completed exercise On the Home tab. The file should open to a 3D view. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Create the Roof 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 4. Select the three walls shown in the image. Roofs s 273 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Zoom into the area shown. Build panel. Select Defines Slope. you create a hip roof. 3. 5.0".

2. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. To close the roof sketch. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Finish to complete the roof. you use the Line tool. s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .Roofs . s s Clear Defines Slope. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.0". Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Raise the Roof 1. 3. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. click Line. 6. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.7. Click OK. Right-click the ViewCube. In addition.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint. and then joined it to a wall.rvt. In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2.

Roofs s 277 . Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Clear Defines Slope. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Pick Walls. On the Draw panel. 6. 5.rvt. 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 7. Create a Shed Roof 1. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. click Line. 4.

Roofs . horizontal line at the front of the roof. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 9. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 13. 12. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 11.8. Select the lower. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. Click Toggle Slope Defining. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Right-click the line. 10. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view. 17. 16. Finish the Roof. Click OK. 15. 18. click Yes. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. In this exercise. Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint.14.

Select the Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise.rvt. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 5. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. The roof updates. select Level 3. Cutoff Level list. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Activate the view North Elevation.Roofs . 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. On the menu bar. 3. 4. Open the Default 3D view. 2. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. You see four levels defined in the model.

set the slope value to 3"/12". on the Properties palette. click Pick Lines. 10. Zoom and spin to see your model.6. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. In this exercise. 8.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 13. Roofs s 281 . Switch to a 3D View. 9. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 7. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 12. On the Draw panel. select Defines Slope. To set the slope for the new roof. 11. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. Finish the Roof. Select the inner rectangle as shown.

3. thereby reducing energy consumption. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.rvt. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Roofs . 1. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 2. Select the main roof over the house.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. In the Type Selector. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 5.Define a Roof Structure 1. Click Insert to add a layer. It is a generic roof type. enter Clay Tile. 3. 2. For Name. Select the roof over the garage. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 4. click Edit. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Duplicate. For Structure Value. Select Layer 2 as shown. click Edit Type. Roofs s 283 . To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette.

284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 8. In this exercise. select Model. The garage roof displays a pattern. Click OK twice. s Click OK. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 6.Roofs . Click OK to exit the dialog box. 7. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer.s s s In the Materials dialog box. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

to support a gutter. 3. On the Insert tab. In the Open dialog box. Roofs s 285 . On the Home tab. click Roof > Fascia.rfa. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In this exercise.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Click Open. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. 4. or for decoration. 2.

5. Matte. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. for Profile. Click OK.Paint Finish Ivory.Roofs . Click Duplicate. click Edit Type. Set the Material value to Metal . For Name. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Type Properties dialog box. 6. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.

Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. 9.

6. The completed exercise 4. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. select Gutter . so as not to detract from the design of the building. 1. Click OK. The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Click OK. Under Material parameter. s Click Duplicate. select Metal Aluminum. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. you add gutters to a building. 2.Bevel: 5" x 5". In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. For Name. under Profile parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. click Roof > Gutter. On the Home tab. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Place Gutters In this exercise.Roofs . 3. 5.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 9. Segments will clean up at corners. Roofs s 289 . Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. you attached gutters to a roof. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 10. 8.rvt.7. If you click the interior face. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 11. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.

heat. and cold. water.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

m. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

the run is always 12. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Gambrel d. Hip c. General Questions 1. Shed 4. a. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. High d. Medium c. True b. False 2. Gable b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Low b. s Place gutters. True b. When referring to roof slope. a. s Place fascia. s Define a roof structure.Roofs . None of the above 3.

A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. False 5. Cut/Lengthen c. Sketch. you use: a. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. a. Activate Slope 9. Expand/Contract 6. SHIFT c. a. a. a. b. Walls. Create Slope d. Footprint. Footprint b. Slope c. Trim/Extend b. lines c. profile. Add Slope b. d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . True b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Change the direction of the roof. Walls d. profile 2. a. extrusion. 10. c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. True b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. ENTER 4. Defines Slope c. face b. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Change the direction of the slope. pick d. Create an opening. To add a slope to a roofline. Footprint. True b. TAB b. Turn slopes on or off. DEL d. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. ______ or _______. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Sketch c. Face 3. Extrusion d. place a check mark next to: a. Material 8. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. sketch. extrusion. Roofs can be created using ______. A compound roof contains layers.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Footprint b. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. False 7.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create filled regions. Lesson Plan 1. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.

and tool racks. floor. the kitchen. Sections are used to examine the roof. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. cabinetry. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. After completing this lesson. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. bathrooms. the location of special equipment. In a commercial structure. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and special equipment. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. In a residential building. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.Sections and Elevations . List the information provided by an exterior elevation.

and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. technology. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Math (STEM). engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

framing. and foundation plans. and are properly cross-referenced. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Section lines need not be entirely straight. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. on the long axis of the building. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. across its narrower dimension. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.Sections and Elevations . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. t Cross or transverse sections.

Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details. partial. full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. unnecessary.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. For larger elevations. s The position relationship between different elements. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. such as doors and windows. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).

refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. The size of the object is listed first. For example. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. You may. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. For siding. however. and then the name of the material. people. cars. this is reversed. quantity. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building." Mfr. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. With interior elevations. Unnecessary Information Shades. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. shadows. followed by any additional information about spacing. the titles assigned (North. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. For a wood structure. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Therefore. and so forth. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. East. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. South. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. bushes.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. or methods of installation.

distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. flush overlay. wood. dishwashers. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is normally decorative in nature. and special equipment such as toilets. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and other appliances. This is more costly than regular overlay. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It may have curves. windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. or a baseboard. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Molding is usually made of plaster. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. doors and direction of door swings. tile. chamfers. which is a formed pressboard. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. and types of finish materials used.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . or linoleum) and the wall. and materials used. Hinges are concealed. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. doors. coving. other openings. This is usually done using a topset. shelf arrangements. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. or decorative patterns. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". casements. The trim is usually glued into place. or MDF. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. and lip.Sections and Elevations . It can also be used around doorways and windows. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins.

s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create an interior elevation. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. which you can then add to a sheet. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Place a section view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Change the section head. and a section symbol on all plans. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Add slope annotations. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view.

like an elevation. Once created. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. Engineering. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. A section is a horizontal view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology.

provided its crop region intersects the view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . elevation. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. or other section view. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan.

you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . it includes a crop region to resize the view. the section does not display in the elevation view. By resizing the crop region. When you create a section view.

the slope of this roof is 2:12. such as anchor bolts and siding. Details are crucial for effective construction. In the example shown. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Add detail notes. s Add breaklines as needed. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. tracing over the existing elements. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Once you create the detail section. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. The slope is the ratio rise:run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. In a set of construction documents. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. So. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add structural details. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Open the file ADA_Sections.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. On the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. The Section command is available from the View tab. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 3. The completed exercise 6. 4. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Create a Section View 1. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. click Section. 2. Create panel. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 311 . In the Scale list on the Options Bar.

and it has control grips to resize it. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is called the crop region. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated.Sections and Elevations . s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 2. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Section Properties 1. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. With the section line selected. On the Properties palette. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. 3. The actual location is not critical. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display.

change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. When you drew the section line. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Clear Crop Region Visible. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. In the Properties palette. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The view is listed in your Project Browser. 5. Save the file as Unit8_section1. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 7. you automatically created a section view. Note that the stairs are now easier to see.rvt. 6. The section view updates.4. In this exercise.

Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. 7. Click OK.rvt. 2. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. click Duplicate.No Arrow. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. In the Type Properties dialog box.rfa. On the Insert tab. They include Section Head . and Section Head . enter Open Arrow. 4. Select Section Head-Open. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Several section head families are available. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Manage tab.Filled. 6. 3.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. For Name. Load from Library panel. Settings panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Click Open to load the family.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. The view does not change.1 point Filled. click Load Family. Section Head . 5.

Click OK. For Name.rvt. The section head updates to the new head type. Click OK.8. 9. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Click Duplicate. In the Section Tag field.Open. On the Properties palette. For Section Head. 11. In this exercise. 14. select Open Arrow. Save as Unit8_section_open. enter Open Arrow. 12. 10. select Section Head . Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 13. click Edit Type. Select the section line.

Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is a building section.rvt. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Sections and Elevations . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 3. On the Options Bar. 2. Use the image below for guidance. To reposition the callout head. 4. select the border of the callout. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 5. 6. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". On the View tab. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Create panel. click Callout.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise.

Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. On the Draw panel. Line is selected automatically.7. but not strongly. On the Annotate tab. On the Options Bar. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. You can add detail lines. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. detail components. Sections and Elevations s 317 . click Region > Filled Region.rvt. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 3. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 8. 1. select Chain. 4. 2. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. as shown. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Detail panel. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. region patterns. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Properties palette.

Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.5. For Name. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . enter Earth. 7. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . 6. Select the upper and right side lines. Click Modify. On the Properties palette.

rfa. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. select Finish (green check). Click Open. From the Fill Pattern list. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. the filled region may appear as solid fill.8. On the Place Detail Component tab. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Detail panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 3. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK. click Load Family. 2. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. If you zoom in closer. click Component > Detail Component. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Section. 9. 1. On the Mode panel.

Sections and Elevations . Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. From the Type Selector. 5. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.

8. Add another Detail Component. select Plywood. From the Type Selector list.6. Using the image below for guidance. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. 7. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10.

Click Component > Detail Component. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Select the vertical plywood. 10. set the Thickness to 3/4". 11. Use the image below for guidance. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. This component represents the subflooring. select anchor bolt. On the Properties palette. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. 12.9. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Modify. Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

On the Options Bar.13. Use the image below for guidance. select Multiple. 14. Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Copy. Click Modify. Add another Detail Component. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Lap Siding.

On the Annotate tab. From the Line Style Selector. 16. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Save the file. select Wide Lines. Start at the end of the siding.Sections and Elevations . 2. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Add Detail Lines 1. click Detail Line.15. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Detail panel.

Sections and Elevations s 325 . 4. 5. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.3. Zoom out. Still using Wide Lines. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 9.Sections and Elevations . 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. identified as Wall material 1. Detail panel. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Insulation. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Add Insulation 1. Right-click. 8. select the Material field in row 3. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Save the file. 2. Click Modify. 7. On the Annotate tab. 10. The wall display updates. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Select the wall so it highlights. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area.6. Next. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list.

On the Annotate tab. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. select Break Line. click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 327 . From the Type Selector. Your view should resemble the image shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown.2. 1. 3. Detail panel.

Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The Detail Component tool is still active. You place another breakline. To complete the detail. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Save the file. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 6. detail lines. 5. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and detail components to it. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. The view should resemble the image shown.Sections and Elevations . Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Place the breakline as shown. In this exercise.4. 7. Click Zoom to Fit.

1. weatherproofing. and ventilation methods in construction documents. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. To add notes. The size of the object is listed first. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. or methods of installation.rvt. 3. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . s Clear Annotation Crop. quantity. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. The border around the view will disappear. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. With nothing selected in the view. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. 2.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill.

insulation. Move the pointer up 11. click Two Segments. 5. R13.4" WEATHERING. Finally.Sections and Elevations . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. On the Annotate tab. 6. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.4. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. As you pull your cursor to the right. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. From the Type list. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 7. 10. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. click Text. Text panel. 9. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 12. leader arrow as shown. On the Format panel.

Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 14. as the second line of text. 18. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.13.C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.C. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the floorboard. is an acronym for On Center. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click ENTER to start a second line of text.TYPE X. Click off the text to finish the entry. 15. 19. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. O. 17. 16.C. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the baseboard..C.. 20. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. CONT is short for Continuous. . Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.

Click Zoom to Fit. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 21. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.Sections and Elevations .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. In this exercise. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Modify. Click ENTER to start a second line. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.. 23.

Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 3. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. In this exercise. Locate the A-Landscape. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. you will want to add the views to a sheet. In the Project Browser. or elevation view. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Click New Sheet.rfa title block you created in Unit 3.rvt. Right-click. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 5. section. Highlight your title block. Click Open. 4. click Load. and locate the detail view on it. The new sheet becomes the current view. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 6. highlight Sheets. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag it to the right. 9. close to the crop border. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 8. In the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . click Show Crop Region. Click the control at its left end. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. click Hide Crop Region. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Select a Level Line.7.

enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Added your detail section view to the sheet.10. 12. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Name. enter S. For Number. Click Rename. highlight the new sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit.301. you: s Created a new sheet. Click OK.rvt. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. In the Project Browser. 13. Right-click. 11.

s Set the display for building components as needed. south. Click OK. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. s Add slope indication for roof. s Add material notes. four elevation views are included: north. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Right-click. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation markers are now visible. s Add any necessary dimensions. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 2. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. When you create a project with a template. 5. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click the Annotations tab. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Open ADA_Elevations. It is defined by the green dotted line. 2. east. Select Elevations. 6. 3. 4. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. and west.

click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 3. clear Planting. On the View Control Bar. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. On the Modelling tab. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 4. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Annotations tab. clear Sections. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Next. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet.2. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6.

11.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. In Surface Pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. 9. you activated an elevation view. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. Select the wall. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes.Exterior Stucco. 8. click Edit Type. 10. Click the button that displays to select a material.rvt. 12. click to open the list. It will be identified as Condo . Select Sand. modified its display. 13. and modified the wall display characteristics.7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Edit in the Structure field. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Click Zoom to Fit. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.

you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first. or methods of installation.rvt. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. In the Type Selector. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. 5. 4. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. quantity. 3. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Add a note for the stone wall. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Enter TX.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Add a note for the foundation. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.

9. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .6. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 7.rvt. Add a note for the brick wall.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the roof. In this exercise. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8.

click Spot Slope.rvt. 1. select Triangle. from the Slope Representation list. 2. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Click again to locate the slope indicator. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Sections and Elevations s 341 . You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Dimension panel. For Offset from Reference. enter 1/8". Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. 5. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 4. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 6. Click to select the roof line. 3.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise.

Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. 10. click Aligned. 11. 9. Dimension panel. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click Modify.7. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable.Sections and Elevations .

slope indicators. and dimensions for clarity. Arrange notes. leaders.rvt.12. To create a continuous dimension as shown. 13. The west elevation now contains material notes. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 14. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. and vertical dimensions. In this exercise. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels.

you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. kitchens. Click Find Referring Views. and cabinetry. dimensions. equipment rooms. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Project Browser. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. 3. Right-click. This view was already defined in the drawing.Sections and Elevations . Click Open View. Highlight the view.rvt. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. In this exercise.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. special closets. 2. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.

Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. 7. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Select Suppress 0 Feet. 5. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Dimension panel. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". In the Name box. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line.4. On the Annotate tab. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click the value field for Units Format 8. click Aligned. click OK. Clear Use Project Settings. 6. Right-click. s s s s Click Duplicate.

and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. 10. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. detail the interior section. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. You modified a dimension style. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.9. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Using the Text and Dimension tools.Sections and Elevations .rvt.

such as north. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Not in Concrete b. Bathrooms and kitchens b. b. All of the above 5. s Create filled regions. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. d. The orientation of the exterior elevation. All of the above. c. Show the relationships between elements. The direction the viewer is facing. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. True b. Walls c. is always the true orientation. s Create slope annotations. The direction the structure is facing. False 3. c. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. General Questions 1. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Either one. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Nobody in Charge d. 4. Not in Contract c. Cabinetry d. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. 2. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. b. s Create a section view. it depends. Indicate the location of doors and windows. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Create material annotations.

b and c. True b. Element properties c. Click Add View. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. you use: a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. False 5. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The detail level of the view. Right-click.Sections and Elevations . On the View tab. False 2. c. a. b. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . South d. Filled regions with hatch patterns d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. West c. b. d. 4. Sun and Shadow b. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The height of the view. d. The dotted line indicates: a. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. but not a 6. The boundaries of the view. East b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. click Sheet Composition > View. a. The Visual Style of the view. c. North 3. Which elevation is it? a.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. 5.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 3. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. s Load a schedule tag. Review Schedules. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. 4. 6.

you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

width. Math (STEM). engineering. height. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and thickness. and Language Arts.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. About Schedules s 351 . This lesson relates to science. about the building objects in your architectural plan. To review the list of standards for each lesson. such as reference number. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Technology. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Some of these building objects include. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Engineering.

some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. depending on the style of the architectural firm. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Instance. However. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.Schedules . There are different types of schedule tables. the same primary information is included.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

and A for appliances.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. hexagon.Schedules . Using the software. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). these tags can be placed automatically or manually. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. E for electrical. However. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following image shows door. A circle. Like schedules. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Other letters are P for plumbing.

engineering. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedules s 355 . This lesson relates to science. s Add room tags. materials. and math standards. s Create a room schedule. Project templates include preset schedules. rooms. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Engineering. hardware. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. s Export a schedule. technology. and you can create your own schedules. equipment.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Schedules list items such as doors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components.

You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt. and you set the schedule to display totals.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.Schedules . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. 2.

7. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 6. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In Available Fields. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. On the View tab. 4.s Window Tag 5. Type Mark. Schedules s 357 . The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Select Windows from the list. Height. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. 3. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. and Width. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. select Comments. Click Add. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Add Count. Level.

Click OK to finish the schedule. from left to right.8. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . A view opens with the schedule you just defined. 9. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Select the fields.

Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 1. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Schedules s 359 . Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. From the Sort By list. Select Blank Line. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. select Type Mark. 2. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. but without any useful calculations yet. 3.

4. click the schedule name. Rather than make a manual calculation. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you can have the schedule report this. select Level. 3. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. The schedule still does not show totals by window type.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. On the Properties palette.Schedules . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in this case). The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. clear Itemize Every Instance. for Sorting/ Grouping. 2. 1. click Edit. Notice how the schedule has changed. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. in the Then By sorting field. In the Project Browser. In order to calculate the total number of windows. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.

This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. click Edit 7. Schedules s 361 . On the Properties palette. From the list. select Footer. Save as Unit9_window_schedule.5. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. The totals for each window type now display. In this exercise. 6. s Set the schedule to display category totals. and Totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. for Sorting/ Grouping. Count. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. select Title. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.rvt.

Room & Area panel.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. click Overwrite the Existing Version.rvt. 5. Room size. based on the amount of space in each room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. ceiling type. click Room > Room. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. occupancy. 2. 4. On the Home tab. In this exercise. Locate the file named Room Tag. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. floor type. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Click Open. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 3.

The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. a total of 7. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 6. 7. 8.In the Type Selector. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. On the Home tab. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. and in the hall as shown. Schedules s 363 .

Schedules . Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 13. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. s Change the word Room to Manager. The area value for Room 7 updates.9. s Click the Room text. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. On the Room & Area panel. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. click Room. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Modify. 10. Select Room #2. The room tag updates. 11. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 12.

s Added a room separation. s Changed room tag field values. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. 15. you: s Loaded a room tag.rvt. s Tagged various objects. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Schedules s 365 . This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. for Name.14. enter Sales.

The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 3. In the Available Fields pane. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK. enter Square Footage Report.Schedules . 6. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 4. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Name. Set the Sort By value to Number. Create panel. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.rvt. 2. On the View tab. For Name. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Create a Room Schedule 1. select Number. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. The completed exercise 5. and Area to be included in your schedule. Click Add--> after each selection.

This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Click Field Format. 9. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Schedules s 367 . Click the Formatting tab. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. clear Use Project Settings. Highlight the Number field. Highlight the Area field. Select Grand Totals. 10. s Set Alignment to Right.7. In the Format dialog box. s Set Units to Square Feet. Change the Heading to No. 8. Select Title and Totals from the list. Click OK. s Select Calculate Totals.

368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Totaled one of the columns. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.rvt.Schedules . In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. you: s Created a room schedule. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12.11. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.

Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Using your Windows Explorer. 3. Double-click it to open it. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. The file is created. You can then use this file in other applications. Click OK. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.txt) file. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. you export the room schedule to a text file. Note the formatting that has been applied. Schedules s 369 . Browse to a directory to save your report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Click Save. 5. 2. 6. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 4. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. locate the file you created. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.rvt. On the application menu.

In this exercise.7. Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 8.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.

you learned to: s Create a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. b. Matrix d. a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . What is a schedule table? a. Type b. s Reformat a schedule. A list of sheets used in a project. d. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. True b. s Export a schedule. c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Quantity c. s Place a schedule tag. Instance 3. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. None of the above. 2. a. Questions 1. False 4. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. s Load a schedule tag. True b. A list of information that defines specific building objects.

a. XLS c. Annotate b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Annotate tab b. use the ____ . To export a schedule. View c. View tab c. Application menu d. Manage tab 3.Schedules . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Home d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. a. CSV d. Modify 2. TXT b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

5. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Review Visualization.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 4. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 2.

Math (STEM). Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Place a camera. s Export an FBX file. After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. or camera on a path. s Play a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Assign materials. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Export a walkthrough.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Add planting components. Finally. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Technology.Visualization . s Create and edit a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Orient walls and windows. you create a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. courseware datasets. s Make a camera view the active view. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. To prepare your model for rendering. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You worked on animations. Click Zoom to Fit. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Open Unit2_custom_family. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. s s 2. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format.rvt. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.

Select one of the exterior walls. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. If you do not see any change in the wall display. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The wall display updates. Select any exterior wall.Visualization . 4. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .3. 5. 6. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. The walls now display layers of materials. Stud. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.

Click Change wall's orientation. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Right-click. In addition to using the control arrows. Click OK. Select walls.7. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select Site: Grass. On the Properties palette. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. 10. you can: s s s 9. 8. Repeat the process for the windows. Visualization s 377 . Open the Default 3D view. Select the toposurface object.

click Import > Import. you have completed this exercise. 3.Visualization . Select the file name. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view.11. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.rvt. 12. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. for Files of type. In the Select File to Import dialog box. select Autodesk (*. Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Click OK in any notices and warnings. This will filter the file list. Open 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Save the file as Unit10_Export. and click Open. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. On the application menu. Depending on your system resources. Select the Roof. Export the Model to FBX 1. 2. click Export > FBX.FBX). Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.

open Unit10_Export. Depending on your system resources.4. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. If necessary. Open or return to Revit. Visualization s 379 . On the application menu. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Next. Close the file without saving. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.rvt. 3. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. There is no way to update it from Revit. you have completed this exercise. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Note the file location.

7. Open 3ds Max Design. If necessary. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. click Attach This File.max. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. 6. 5. 9. open Unit10_Export. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Click Open. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.Visualization . click References > File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. Close the File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager .4. click File. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select two windows as shown. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 8.rvt.

Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. Visualization s 381 .10. 12. On the application menu. The windows have updated. Save the file. Open the 3D view. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 11. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". In the dialog box. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before.

s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. The windows have changed. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. 15. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The linked file updates. In this exercise. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .14. Open the Files tab. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.Visualization . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Changed a material definition. Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. s Click Reload. s Close the File Link Manager.

The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Create panel. 2. and create a second rendering. If you place the camera too close to the model. as shown. On the View tab. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. click Camera. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Open the Site view. you place a camera in a model. Visualization s 383 . Place a Camera 1. Open Unit10_Export. add plantings to the model. In this exercise. change materials. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. generate a rendering.rvt. 3.

Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 2. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust.4. 7. Render Setup 1. Click Show Camera. 6. If necessary. On the View Control Bar.Visualization . Open the Site view again. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. select Very Few Clouds. click Show Rendering Dialog. 5. Return to the perspective view. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. s s s s Open a floor plan view. The camera perspective view opens. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Right-click. The camera will be visible.

Open view 3D View 1. Visualization s 385 . Enhance the Model 1. s Click Render. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. 3. On the Massing & Site tab. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 2. and Lighting.3. Model Site panel. click Site Component.30' approximately as shown. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Output Settings. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Click Render. Open the Site view. Accept the default settings for Quality.

In the Rendering dialog box.Wood Shake. 5. select Roofing . Change Materials 1. Revit places the image in its own view. click Edit Type. The model displays in the view. On the Properties palette. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. 2. 6. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Save to Project dialog box.4. and you can now select elements for editing. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. 5.Visualization . On the Properties palette. 3. Select the roof. In the Layer 1 Material field. click OK. click Show the Model. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click Edit Type. Select an exterior wall. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Materials list.

9. 8. Select the icon next to Masonry . 7.10. Click Edit in the Structure field. Visualization s 387 . Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Replace.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.

click Render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.Visualization . s Placed site planting components in the model. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client.11. s Generated and captured a render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 12. 15. Select Masonry . In the Rendering dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. click Save to Project. The new image is placed in its own view. 14. Click OK. s Created a raytrace setup. 13.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Save the file as Unit10_render. 16.rvt. In this exercise. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a second render image. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

4. click to the left of the model as shown.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open floor plan view Level 1. s Right-click again. or walkthroughs. 3. s Edit the camera and path. Each view. and exported individually. Visualization s 389 . Open Unit10_render. click 3d View > Walkthrough. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Click Zoom Out (2x). A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Click Zoom to Fit. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Right-click. Create panel. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. In this exercise. s On the View tab. s View the animation in a media player. To place a key frame. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. or frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. 2. The camera and path can be edited. rendered. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.rvt. in a project model.

10. click Edit Walkthrough. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Repeat for all the key frames. 7. 8. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Select the direction control for the camera. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. The camera is located on the final key frame. click Finish Walkthrough.Visualization . 9. 6.5. Drag it to the left. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 11. Walkthrough panel.

Check the view in several key frames. Click Edit Walkthrough. From the Controls list. Visualization s 391 . Click Open. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path. 13. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. If camera positions distort. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. The path displays control dots at key frames. 3. On the Walkthrough panel.12. Edit the Walkthrough 1. click Next Key Frame.

In the Length/Format dialog box. Click OK. 4. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. The walkthrough plays in the view window.rvt. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . notice where you save the file. 3.Play the Walkthrough 1. Revit generates the external AVI file.Visualization . 2. Export the Walkthrough 1. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Click Save. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. File Name. Click Play. 2. On the application menu. select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Video Compression dialog box. click OK. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.

6. Visualization s 393 . Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time.5. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. such as shaded or rendering. Double-click the new file name. It plays in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. If you have made changes to the building model. save the Revit Architecture file. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.Visualization . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .7. In this exercise. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path.

s Orient walls and windows. s Play a walkthrough.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Save As > FBX c. s Create and edit a walkthrough. a. s Export an FBX file. s Apply shading to a view. Demolish 2. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. True b. Print to File b. s Export a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. a. you use: a. False 2. s Export a DWG file. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Add planting components. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Export > FBX 3. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Assign materials. True b. View > Shading d. s Place a camera. Align c. True b. a. Split b. Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 395 .

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . and braces. 5. beams. Lesson Plan 1. 4. foundations. beam systems. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. you learn how to place structural columns. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. In the following exercises. beams and braces. 2. Review structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and other structural elements will be located in a building. beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural . For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. walls.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Knowing where structural members. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Create column grids. Place columns and beams on grids. Math (STEM). Structural s 401 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. Technology. and Language Arts. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place beam systems and braces.

this is known as post and beam construction. or reinforced concrete. spans without walls. often mainly glass. Structural columns can be steel. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Select a floor. beams can be steel. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. In this exercise. They come in types defined by size and shape. On the Build panel of the Home tab.Hide Category. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. As with columns. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. 1. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In residential construction. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. click Column > Structural Column. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. Beams connect columns or walls. click Temporary Hide/Isolate .rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. or concrete. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. wood. On the View Control Bar. 3.Structural . wood. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. 2.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Open Deck Framing.

Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 7. 3A. and 4B. In the Type Selector. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Structural s 403 . click Depth. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the View Control Bar. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 5. 8. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". On the Options Bar.4.

The columns are now hidden by the floors. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Place Beams 1. rail. 10. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 2. Click OK. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Zoom in so you can see the deck.9. In the Project Browser. and columns clearly. Click Hide In View > Element. 11. Right-click.Structural . Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2".

Structure panel. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. To place beams: Structural s 405 . In the Type Selector.3. 4. Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s In the view window. click Beam. On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Chain. 5.

7. On the Properties palette. 6. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click Modify. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click.

s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click Modify. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click OK. as shown. 12.rvt. In this exercise. Click on grid intersection B4. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.8. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structural s 407 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. If a Warning dialog box that opens. 11. Click. Structure panel. click Make Wall Bearing. On the Properties palette. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Beam. 9.

3. distance. click Pick Supports.Structural . The completed exercise 5. Structure panel. 2. In this exercise. Open Plan View Deck Framing. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click No. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. s Place braces. On the Structure tab. Click the beam on Grid 1. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Place Beam Systems 1.rvt. 4. Open Deck Beams. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. click Sketch Beam System. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. or number of beams in a bay. you: s Place beam systems. click Beam System. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders.

Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Structural s 409 . click Line. On the Draw panel.6. Draw a line on the face of the wall. 7. as shown.

Trim as necessary. On the Mode panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s 9. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Properties palette. Click the beam on Grid 2.6". s s s On the Draw panel. click Line. click Create Similar. s s On the Draw panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.Structural . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click Finish.8. 11.2". set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Pick Supports. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .

Create panel. Structural s 411 . It has an automatic work plane. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. 3. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3.Place Braces 1. On the Structure tab. On the View tab. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. unlike regular elevations. as shown. Click to place the elevation. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. click Brace. Structure panel. In the Project Browser. 2. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. 5. 4. On the View Control Bar.

8. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 7.Structural . Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. In the Type Selector. Click Modify. Repeat the brace going right to left. 9. to start the brace. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .6. In the view window.

10. In this exercise. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Save the file as Deck structure.rvt. 11. Structural s 413 .

Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. 2. You can change a grid number at any time. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. In plan views. click Grid. and section views. click in the lower left to start a grid line.Structural . lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. elevation. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Grid datasets. In this exercise.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Pull the cursor straight up. The exact length is not critical. s s In the view window. The numbering automatically increments. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The exact location is not critical. but they can also be angular and radial. This is a common step early in designing a large building. and walls. beams. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. as shown. Datum panel. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views.

Click to start another grid line.3. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line. 4.

Pull the cursor to the right. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor to the left. Press ENTER. Click to start a grid line. Enter A at the keyboard. 7. click Copy. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. close to the heads. s Select Grid Line 2. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Grid 3 is already the selection set. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1.5. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 6. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.Structural . The new grid line will be number 3. The new grid line is number 5. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Repeat to create grid line 4. click to place the grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool.

This grid line will be number B. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Change the number to 2.1 is still selected. s Click Copy. click the elbow control to place an offset. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This completes the main grid. Structural s 417 . 11.8. s Click to place the grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. s Select grid 2. Grid 2.1. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. The Grid tool is still active. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. 10. On the grid line. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 9.

3. Change the number to EE. enter 15. On the Home tab. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Create panel. On the Draw panel. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Pick. The Grid tool is still active. On the Options Bar. Click in the new grid bubble. On the Options Bar. click Grid. 4. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Zoom to Fit. On the Draw panel.Structural . s Click to start the grid line. select Center-Ends Arc. set Offset to 15'-0".Create a Radial Column Grid 1.000 o . s s Click grid intersection D3. Click to place the grid head. Press ENTER. click Radius. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. In the Radius field.

Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. 6. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. 7.5. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click to place grid FF. You will need to identify it easily. Structural s 419 .

Zoom to Fit. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. 11. 9. Click to place the grid line. s In this exercise. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. click Create Similar. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Press ENTER. s Select grid 3.rvt.Pick Axis. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Revit will create grid 32. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click in the new grid bubble. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.Structural .8. click Mirror . s Click grid intersection D3. s 10. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Select grid 31.000. Enter 31 to change the name.

You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. 2. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. In the Type Selector. In this exercise. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structural s 421 . The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. click Column > Structural Column. Now you place columns at grid intersections. you: s Use a column grid to place columns.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structure panel. s Add footings to columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. This is a steel column. s 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Use a column grid to place beams. As a result. you typically create a grid. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Change a grid layout.

3. 5. click Finish. set Height to Level 3.s s On the Options Bar. A. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. On the Multiple panel. C and D. 4. B.Structural . click At Grids. 6. 2. In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.

Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click On Grids. 5. The grid. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Structural s 423 . click Finish. 2. click Beam. Window-select all the grid lines. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. and beams will move to the right. 4. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. 3. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. columns. Click Grid 1. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool.

On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Open the Default 3D view. In the view window. 4. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click No. On the Multiple panel. 6. click Isolated. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. On the Quick Access toolbar. 3. 1. Click Redo. 2.Structural . window-select all the columns. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click Undo. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. click At Columns. click Finish.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. A warning displays. To change the size of the footing. Click OK. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Press ESC to clear the column selection. 7. 6. Structural s 425 .5. s On the Properties palette. in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. The footing changes size.

Save and close the file.Structural . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Used a column grid to place beams. s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In this exercise.8.

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans.

using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.Structural .

s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Brace c. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Change a grid layout. 2. All of the above. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place braces. True b. s Place beam systems. Questions 1. Column b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Add footings to columns.

Properties c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. Flip Orientation d. d.Structural . c. a. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. False 4. c. Pick points. Stretch b. a. 2. A but not B. you can: a. True b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. you use: a. b. b. you: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. A and B. 5. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select the type of beam or column to place. When placing columns or beams. To create a beam system. Use grid lines and grid intersections. All of the above. Select a beam type and define the system layout. If you relocate a grid line. To change the height of a column. True b.

Milwaukee.Teacher.Instructor. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . South Division High School. Poway High School. Starkweather .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Director. WI Roger Dohm .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Randy Dymond.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. CA Ronald A Williams. PE . Susan Harrington .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.org Project Lead the Way.iteaconnect. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Inc. Ltd. Mathematics.Executive Director. International Technology Education Association www. Copyright s 431 . Smith . Poway.

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