Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles.When sketching walls. intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

section. roofs. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. floors. and 3D views. stairs.Software Tools . Other building elements such as doors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. You can add building elements in plan. windows. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . elevation.

If one is moved. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . relationships can be established that make editing efficient. the other will move as well. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. In the illustration shown.

Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson relates to science. technology. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Technology. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). s Constrain placement of objects. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Place a predefined Mass family. and Language Arts. and math standards. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. engineering. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Engineering. About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

roofs. and curtain systems. and then converted into building components such as floors. walls. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or masses.Software Tools . Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. such as distance requirements from roadways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you can create in-place masses. owner. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. quickly. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. size. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. A designer. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. There are mass families available to load into a project.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. masses. roofs. walls. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Annotation includes text notes. Technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. legends. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Math (STEM). and math standards. engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . s Explain the use of dimensions. technology. Engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and symbol heads. tags.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts.

Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular.

y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

and Options Bar. This lesson relates to science. s Work with tool buttons. Engineering. engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. Technology.Software Tools .Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Language Arts. the Type Selector.

The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Some commands will not be active (that is. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 . they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. and rooms. beams. doors. for instance. windows. Its position is fixed.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

and text.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. trusses. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. slabs. symbols. detailing. columns. structural walls. and foundations. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and inquiry. and parameters. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste.Software Tools . materials. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open. Save. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New. Print.Software Tools . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

sheets. families. Legends. and groups. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. with four elevation markers visible.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules.Software Tools . schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. rendering (in 3D views). click the User Interface button located on the View tab. sun settings. View Control Bar View scale. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . cropping. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Windows panel on the ribbon. A check mark indicates it is visible. level of detail. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. shadow display. visual style.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. but not at Coarse. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. To change the scale of a view. Select the desired view scale from the list. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Hidden Line.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges. Shaded. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 47 . You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. which can be according to the view. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. or by global location. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

the view window displays a colored border.Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Crop region selected.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls.Software Tools . enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Annotate. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 . expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Structure. Collaborate. Nine tabs are available: Home. Massing & Site. To activate or open a view. View. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Insert. Manage and Modify.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

a context tab opens on the ribbon. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. showing options that you can select while you are working. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.Context Tabs. Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Display and Navigation s 57 . If you select items in the view window. Options Bar. When a context tab is active.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

File Save.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . Click a file name to open that file. and Publish. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Print. File Close only appears on the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. On the right is a list of recently opened files. such as File Open. the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Export. New File.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The panel titles display under the tab titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 3. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Display and Navigation s 67 . The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. If you select the menu option. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The completed exercise 4. On the ribbon. Do this for other tabs.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. or click New > Project from the application menu. 2. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. make the Home tab active. To start a new project.

5. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. you opened a project file. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. 6. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 7. In this exercise. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.Software Tools . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Cycle Through All. and then viewed. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Close the file without saving. They disappear when you move the cursor away.

2. Display and Navigation s 69 . You worked on this file in Getting Started. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Exercise 2. Open quick_start_building_elements. In the Project Browser. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt.

Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. . 4. doors. Click OK. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. and windows highlight blue. 7. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 8. Click the door in the upper left of the model. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Clear Walls and Doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .3. On the Properties palette. Click any interior wall. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. You are selecting everything visible. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. all the walls. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 6. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48".Software Tools . 5.

12. examined the menus and toolbars. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. click Create panel > Create Similar.9. you opened a project file. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. On the Properties palette. Place a door as shown.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. In this exercise. Display and Navigation s 71 . Click any door. 11. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. 10. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.

System families include levels. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Load and place component families. and Language Arts. floors). To review the list of standards for each lesson. operating settings. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties.Software Tools . Engineering. annotations. and views. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Technology. ceiling plan. building elements (walls. s Create a new in-place family. You can create sections. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . lines. templates. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. mechanical equipment). s Work with Revit families.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Component families include model objects (furniture. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. display controls. Pan. either predefined or user-created. Math (STEM). drafting views. In the exercises. and elevation views by default. schedules. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and 3D views using the View menu. Revit provides floor plan.

This lesson relates to science. and math standards. technology. engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

Click Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom to Fit. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the Annotation Categories tab. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The display changes. 3. is an extensive database. First.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Rightclick in the view window. VG also opens the dialog box.Software Tools . The elevation markers disappear from the view. even a small one. Open Unit2_building_elements. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Right-click. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Four elevation markers are visible. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click OK. 2. There is also a copy in the course datasets. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The completed exercise Visibility 1. There is no way to see everything in it.rvt. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.

The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click Zoom In Region. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click. Click Open. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click. Enter ZF. 6.4. In the Project Browser. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . 7. On the View Control Bar. Select the roof outline. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. 5. There are two parts to an elevation. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. so be sure to select them both. click Detail Level. Click and drag the cursor as shown. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Zoom to Fit. Select Detail Level: Medium.

8. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 2. On the Properties palette. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Click Zoom to Fit. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. doors and windows are not shown. Turn off visibility of the elevations. change the Underlay value to None. View Properties 1. Enter VH. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. as before.

Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. the ridge is now visible. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.0". 4. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. click Edit.3. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. and where the cut plane sits. Right-click. For Name. Set the cut plane value to 7' . By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Next to View Range. enter Roof. Click Rename. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click OK.

Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shading with Edges. In the dialog box that opens.Graphic Display Options 1. 2. select Shadows On. Accept the location that activates. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Still. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. under Solar Study. Set the time to 9:30 am.Software Tools . select Winter Solstice. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 3. 5. In the Presets list. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Open Elevation view South. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 4.

In this exercise. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. 6.rvt.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .

Doors. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. click Door. You add closet doors to interior walls. floors. or institutional structures.Software Tools . In Revit. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. lights. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s A system family. is predefined within Revit. Doors are considered standard family entities. and use a Revit family to place a door. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. or stand-alone (for example. and families in place. windows. railings. roofs. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. doors and windows are dependent on walls). 2. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. and place Revit families. furniture. commercial. windows. Additionally. standard families. such as levels. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. walls. 3.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. and furniture. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. These components are called families and there are several different types. furniture). and so on. There are system families. load. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and annotations are examples of standard families. On the Home tab. Open Unit2_views. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family.rvt. you open an existing project file. and floors. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Build panel.

If you highlight a door family. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Click Open. The Door Insertion tool stays active.rvt. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.rfa. and Annotation. Accept the default size. You click to place an instance of the door family. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Family files have a file extension of *. 4. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. On the Modify | Place Door tab.rfa. Tag panel.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Click the Doors folder. As you move your cursor near any wall. Project files have a file extension of *. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Furniture. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. s s 6. It has a number of different sizes defined. Locate Double Panel 2. 5.

Place an instance of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. loaded. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.Software Tools . 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In this exercise. 8. Place two more instances of the door as shown.rvt. and placed instances of a door family. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. you located. simply click it. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 9. but not strongly. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7.

Click OK. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. you open an existing project file. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. click Duplicate. enter 48" x 80".rvt. This door needs to be 48" wide. 3. and create an in-place family. In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. modify a door family. For Name. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 5. Open Unit2_doors_walls. 2. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The required width is not available. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Select the double door as shown. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.

2. Build panel. 5. 3. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. is to create a component family in place. 1.6. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. In the dialog box. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. click Component > Model In-Place. select Generic Models. On the Properties palette. 4.Software Tools . For Name. enter Hall Clock. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The door updates. On the Home tab.

Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . The exact dimensions and location are not critical. as shown. 11. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Revit will display . and placed a door family. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.0' 2". In this exercise. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .4" as shown.2". Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.6. 12. On the Draw panel. click Rectangle. 7. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 13.rvt. 10. The family model updates. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 8. you located. 9. You have created the base of the clock. loaded. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Click OK.

s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

depending on the template selected. To activate a view: a. Spin the model in 3D space. a. and place a family from a library. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom to an area selected by a right click. d. False 2. d. The tool shown is used to: a. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. load. False 4. 7. b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. and click Open. context tabs. c. 6. b. False 3. Zoom to the entire model. Right-click. b.Software Tools . and Options Bar. c. s Change type properties of a family. tab. s Open different views. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Either a or b. True b. a. Create a 3D perspective view. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. s Change view displays. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Turn on Shadows. False 5. Views can be renamed. True b. s Create an in-place model family.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. s Change view properties. c. True b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. s Access. a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Each project has several predefined views. d. a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. True b. Questions 1. All content tools are located on the ribbon.

Pan and Zoom b. In-Place d. Rotate c. Parts d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Project Browser d. All of the above. Blocks c. System c. depending on settings 9. etc. Graphics Display Options dialog box c.) are called: a. Families 11. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b.8. a. A family created within a project is called ________________. Standard b. Scroll d. Properties palette 10. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. windows. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Multiview b.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create a project template. 5. s Create dimensions and text. s Create labels. 3. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimension and text styles. 7. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Set project units.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Duplicate and modify views. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. 8.

Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. linetypes. Technology. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Explain why templates are used. Visit the AIAS website at www. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. defining the layers. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Math (STEM). The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. After completing this lesson. colors. Engineering. linetypes. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.org. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.aias. and the settings that are preset within them.Standards and Building Codes . should be used. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.aia.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.org. Visit the AIA website at www. and so forth. colors. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . based on the AIA standards.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards.This lesson relates to technology.

If it lacks any of these components. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. it must have at least one door.Standards and Building Codes . defined and adopted by convention.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. otherwise it is considered a carport. and so on. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. If there is a fire. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. A unit is a particular physical quantity. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A garage must be completely enclosed. like mechanical drawing. and one closet. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. it cannot be called a bedroom. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. a bathroom. the number being its numerical value. windows. one window. For example. and so on. a common area (such as a living room or family room). doors. a garage.

and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. is 555 ft. also known as the International System of Units. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. However. glass. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. is 169 m.For example. in the United States. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . units are applied to dimensions. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. In architectural drafting. unit symbol ft. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. using imperial units. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. its value is expressed in the unit meter. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. the construction industry still uses the English. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. unit symbol m. and other materials. or imperial. Another method is to apply dual notation.. Here h is the physical quantity. such as room size and wall height..

) 8. sheets. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. In Revit Architecture. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. every 1/8" would represent 1'. line weight and pattern.Standards and Building Codes . everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Each size is designated by a letter. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. and viewports. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). one value representing another value. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.Scales are ratios. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".

can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. You create and position views.01. temporary Schedules Sections. notes Demolition.01. site plan. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.a modified version of the AIA standard. and then add a title block or other symbols. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. elevators. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.

you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet.Standards and Building Codes . and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. For example.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The paper is oriented landscape. the electrician. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. The next space is for tracking revisions. and layer standards. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. the HVAC company. so that the height is less than the width. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and so on. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Usually. that is. and other relevant information. annotation plot sizes. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. drawing scales. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the author of the drawing. fonts. Typically. followed by information on the building's owner. The column is divided into sections. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the date drawn. Each building project must comply with a specific standard.

required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . layer settings. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.

views. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. dimension styles. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and Language Arts. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows. These can be used to build your model. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Engineering. and walls.Standards and Building Codes . Math (STEM). Technology.

This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Settings s 101 . and math standards.

The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. In the New Project dialog box. you use templates as starting points. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. you create a new project file using a template. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. apartments. Open Revit to an empty project file. or store. click New > Project. 2. Select a Template 1. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . factory.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. In Revit. Condominiums. click Browse. 3.

On the application menu. saving set up time. 6. Click OK. 5. In this exercise.4. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Settings s 103 .rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. click Close to close this project without saving. Select the Residential-Default. Click Open. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. you started a new project file using a standard template. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.

click Wall. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Build panel. open ADA__Settings. 2. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. In the courseware datasets folder. Click to start a new wall. Pull the cursor to the right. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In the Project Browser.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. 3. In this exercise. The Wall tool remains active. expand Floor Plans under Views. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. the drawing setup options are preset. s Place the cursor over the left wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.

Press ESC to cancel the wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 7. Click OK twice to save the setting change. and move the cursor right. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. 8. In this exercise. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. 5. Close the file without saving. Place the cursor over the left wall.) 6. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.) s Select Suppress Training 0's.4. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Settings s 105 . Click Format for Length. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. click to start a new wall.

On the Annotate tab. create. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.rvt. For Name. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. temporary and permanent. In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. On the Properties palette. Dimension panel. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Open ADA_Dimensions. enter Big Text. dimensions not only display. click Edit Type. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.Standards and Building Codes . 1. Click OK. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2. but also control the size and location of objects. By default. click Aligned. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. click Duplicate. there are two types of dimensions. or insert components. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar.

Select the top. left. Settings s 107 . The Dimension tool is still active. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Text Size to 3/16".5. 7. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Click OK twice. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Click to place. 6. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".

9. Close the file without saving. Click to place the dimension. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s s s Select the far left. you opened an existing file. The Dimension tool stays active. and far right vertical walls.8. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. created a new dimension style.

3. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan. 2. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. These are annotations. In the Project Browser. There are no annotations visible. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Right-click. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In order to do this. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . Notice the door and window tags. In the datasets folder.rvt.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise.

Double-click to open it. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 7. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Click OK to update the display of this view. In the Project Browser. Click OK. Click Rename. 5. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. In the Project Browser. 1. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. click Project Information. Settings panel. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Model Categories tab. 8. On the Manage tab. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 6.Standards and Building Codes .4. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 9.

2. or supply your own values: Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. Click New Sheet. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.Add a Sheet 1. click Edit. Enter the address as shown. 2. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Settings s 111 . The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Rightclick. Click OK. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.

To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.Standards and Building Codes . s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Click Apply. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Notice the change to the title block. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Next. Add a View to the Sheet 1.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value.4. 5. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. In the Identity Data and Other sections. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.

You see the view at the end of your cursor. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Deactivate View. Select the new viewport. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click Activate View. Select Add View to Sheet. Settings s 113 . 3. 2. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4. Right-click. Right-click in the view.

of the sheet. Finish the move. s Added a sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. you: select it. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Placed a view on the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Close the file without saving. The view updates on the sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. Place the cursor 7.Standards and Building Codes . deselect it.5.

you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 2. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5 title block template opens. Start Revit Architecture.5. 3. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Select A-11x8. 4. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. This is one of the longer exercises. It opens to the Recent Files window. click New > Titleblock. On the application menu. A copy of the 11 x 8. Settings s 115 . Click Open.rft.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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12. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. In this exercise. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 13. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the application menu. 14. s Click Add. select Drawn By. Right-click. click Save to save the title block. click Close. you created a title block using a template file.Landscape. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Accept the Sample Value. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . 10. 11. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Click Zoom to Fit.9. Add a label for Checked By. 15. Accept the Sample Value. On the Quick Access toolbar. Add a label for Sheet Number. Your teacher may specify another location. s Accept the Sample Value.rfa. Save the title block as A .

Highlight the title block and click OK. 4. The title block appears in the graphics window. 5. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Settings s 125 . 2. In the Recent Files window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. click New to create a new project using the default template. 3.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. On the View tab. Click Open. Insert a Title Block 1. Locate your title block. you create a new project file. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Your title block is now displayed in the list.

Settings panel. 5. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 3. Select the title block. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. The parameters on the title block will update as shown.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. In this exercise. Click OK. s For Drawn By. On the Manage tab. 2. 6. Click OK. enter Student Project Unit 3. s For Checked By. On the Properties palette. 4. enter your instructor's name.Standards and Building Codes . The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Project Information. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. enter your name. Click OK. you a created a new project file.

in addition to predefined wall types.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. In the New Project dialog box. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. click New > Project. 3. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . There are various settings you can define for your template. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. you create a new project file. s Families: Load in families you use most often. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. settings. and the units for your custom template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Click OK. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. In this exercise. such as 3D and plan views. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. angles. and then load them like families. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. including how the rendered image looks. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. you define the title block. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. and geometry from the template. On the application menu. On the Insert tab. select Project Template. 2. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and slope angle. a dimension style. 1. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Create a Template In this exercise. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects.

click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Click OK. Next. Click the Length field in the Format column. 5. You create a custom dimension style. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. In the Type Properties dialog box.Landscape. enter 3/16" Verdana. create a Dimension Style.4. Open the title block A . Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". There will be no visible change. Click OK twice. 9. 6. Set the units for the template. For Name. click Settings panel > Project Units. On the Annotate tab. 8. 10. 7.rfa. click Duplicate.

Select the A . Click OK. 14. 12. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 15. Click New Sheet. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. On the Properties palette.11. In the Project Browser. Rightclick. Change the following settings as shown: 13. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. select Sheets (All). Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Settings s 129 . Click OK.

The title block updates. 17. Save your project template in your class project folder. as well as dimension style and units. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.Standards and Building Codes . You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. and units that you defined. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Save the file name as A-English template. In this exercise. title block.16.rte.

and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. or new combinations of existing materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. abstract format. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create a text style. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. AIA b. s Change lineweight. a. 1:24 d. A particular physical quantity. P. 1:32 5. Metric d. UBC c. NCTM d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. True b. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.02 d. a. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Create labels. False 3. 1:12 c. A. s Create a dimension style. Using AIA Standards. a. dimension styles. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Change dimension colors. 1:3 b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. General Questions 1. A. s Create a template. you learned to: s Set units in a file. NCSESA 2. s Create a title block. is defined as what? a. s Create text.05 c. English c. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create dimensions. An architect b. A unit 4.Standards and Building Codes .02 b. S.

Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Project Tools dialog box > Units d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu > Properties b. False 4. False 6. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. dimensions snap to: a. False Summary/Questions s 133 . To set the units in a project. True b. In Revit Architecture. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. By default. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Wall centerlines c. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you use: a. a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. To create a new sheet. True b. you click: a. Wall faces b. True b. To change the scale of a view. Point offsets 3. Wall midpoints d. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

4. 5.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 2. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. you will be able to: s Create a wall.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. Lesson Plan 1. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 3. s Align walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.

their construction and materials. After completing this lesson.Walls . and protect its interior spaces.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Describe platform framing and balloon framing. them. List the different types of occupancy. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. separate.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. As you continue to move the cursor. It will not print. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. 4. Stud. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . an angular dimension displays.3. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. indicating wall length. Click to set the endpoint. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Walls s 151 . When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.Brick on Mtl. a dashed line displays. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Select the Single Line option. 5. the dimension updates incrementally. To modify a dimension. Enter 10. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. After you create the wall.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action. Clear the Chain option. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Expand the Type Selector list. click it to open an edit field. This temporary dimension controls the wall length.

The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the View Control Bar. Click to start the next wall. Depending on your zoom in the view. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. the controls may sit on top of one another. click the Detail Level icon. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Create panel. click Modify to stop placing walls. click Create Similar. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector.Walls . On the Modify | Walls tab. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top.6. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. 7. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The wall does not show any internal detail. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. enter 7. Select panel. Press ENTER. 8. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Click the wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration.

release the mouse button to set a new length. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Select the right vertical wall. an alignment line displays. Walls s 153 . Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. notice how the wall joins at the corner. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click Modify. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. 10. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Also. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall.9. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Notice that two dimensions display. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. no matter where you move the cursor.

Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 15. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. click Wall. When using the Chain option. On the Home tab. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. This is the same as clicking Modify. Build panel. Sketch the walls as shown. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 14. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Select the lower vertical wall.Walls . Repeat. 12. Select Chain on the Options Bar. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Click Cancel. 13. Right-click. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays.11. 16.

you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. 19. Save the project as Unit4_walls. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. After clicking the second end. Click Create Similar again. Click Modify. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 17. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. 20. Clear the Chain option. Walls s 155 .18. Select the Three Point Arc tool.

The cursor changes to a razor blade. This exercise illustrates how to split. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. align.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Both split walls are shown below. 4. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. trim. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. and extend walls. To do this. 3. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Split Walls 1. You now remove the upper right corner. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Walls . showing that there are now two separate wall sections. fillet. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Do the same for the vertical wall. Only part of the wall highlights. you first split the walls at the intersections. Click Modify. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.

click Create Similar. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can also click the flip control. On the Options Bar. select Radius. 4. click Undo and repeat the steps. On the Modify | Wall tab. Enter 5'. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Delete. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections).Fillet Walls 1. 5. Select any wall. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 2. Walls s 157 . 3. Create panel. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Click Fillet Arc. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Modify panel. If you make a mistake.

6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 2. You align the wall in the next steps.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 3. Place an interior wall as shown. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1.Walls . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. The Wall tool is still active. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. select Basic Wall: Interior . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.

4. Pull the cursor straight up. Click to create a wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. such as location lines. The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can lock the alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. clear Chain. Walls s 159 . The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 6. Select the two interior walls in turn. The walls can cross. This will extend to the border. 3.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . The length is not critical. 2. Select the horizontal wall as shown. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 4. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the vertical wall as shown. 5. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. This will be the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.

fillet. and trim. Walls s 161 .rvt. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.7. align. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.

Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. 1. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.Walls . Select the Exterior wall as shown. click Edit Type.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. satisfy different requirements. 2. On the Properties palette. The Modify tool is active by default. 3. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. and vary in cost.

Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Walls s 163 . They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. except Core Boundary. 7. enter 8" Insulated Stud. To edit the structure of the wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. click Edit in the Structure value field. Every layer of a wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. 8. 6.4. the wall structure should be as shown. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Click Up. s Select Finish 1 [4]. 5. Click OK. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click Down twice. For Name. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Click Insert twice. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click the arrow at the right. When you are finished. has a Function you can edit.

164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Exterior . 11. s Set the Material to Wood . 12.9. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Stud Layer. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. select Finishes . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 13. s Click the icon that appears at the right.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Walls . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. which displays plan or section views. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s Set the Material to Finishes . Material. Modify the Function.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 10.

16. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 15. Walls s 165 . select the view name as shown to expose its properties. select Medium. 17. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. On the Properties palette. Click Apply to update the view. In the Project Browser. expand the Families branch. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected.14. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.

Close the file without saving. In this exercise. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. 19. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud.Walls . From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You opened an existing file. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18. Right-click 8" Exterior. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 20.

you create and modify vertically compound walls.Brick on Mtl. 3. a structural mid-section. wood rails. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. 2. In this exercise. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . such as a weatherproof outside surface.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Select one of the Exterior . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. for example. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above.rvt. You can define a wall type with these elements. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The model opens in a 3D view. Stud walls as shown. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. and a decorated interior surface. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.

so all instances of this type change. If not already expanded. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. or you will lose your changes. in the Structure value field. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. To define the structure of the wall. into regions. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 2. click Edit. To split a layer or region horizontally. When you split a layer. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . either horizontally or vertically. 8. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 5. 1. 7. To split a layer or region vertically. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure.4. highlight one of the borders. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Wall structures are Type Properties. As indicated in the dialog box title. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.Walls . Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Click Split Region. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can set the sample height to any value. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 6. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You can assign different materials to regions. You change the type. In this exercise. You can split regions into other regions. the new regions assume the same material as the original.

In this case. since both regions are composed of the same layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. assign Layer 1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 2. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click Merge Regions. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 1. Click to merge the two layers. Prehighlight a border between regions. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click to merge them. 4. 3. After merge. Walls s 169 . Click to split the region into two parts. When you merge regions.3. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. The upper split disappears. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material.Brick layer.

s Select the split line. 4.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Change the value to 12. Click Insert. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). indicating that it is modifiable. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Next. After a region is split. You create a new layer and assign it to a region.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 3. The dimension text turns blue. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. you assign the material Masonry Brick . vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall.Walls . the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 2. click Modify. instead of down. 2. 1. to the next parallel line. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 1. In the Edit dialog box. Click the temporary dimension text. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. If you set the split offset down from the top. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 3. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". To create a new wall layer. Click again to return to the original position. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Press ENTER. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table.

9. it highlights in blue in the preview window. The preview changes appearance. Walls s 171 . Merge Region. because it is now the selected layer. When a layer is selected in the table. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone.4. 5. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. All walls of this type have been changed. Modify. 7. It immediately highlights in blue. 6. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . It also shows a thickness value. and Insert Layer tools. Close the file without saving. Click OK. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 10. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course layer. 8. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. as shown. In this exercise. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Split Region. Change the Material to Masonry . Click OK. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane.Brick Soldier Course.

or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. piping. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed. and insulation. earth. and protected.Walls .STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . ducting. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

but also the natural lighting. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the view. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Doors and Windows . the ventilation.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. About Doors and Windows s 185 .

Doors and Windows . must be provided by the window being used as an egress. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The height can be no less than 24".7 sq. ft. An unobstructed opening of 5. the width can be no less than 20". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. if there is no other escape route.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Doors and Windows s 187 . and copy these elements. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. In this unit. Engineering.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. s Copy windows. technology. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Components such as doors. and math standards. move. s Center a door in a wall. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. you learn how to place doors and windows. Technology. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows. and furniture are defined in family files. and how to position. Some families are loaded into each empty file.

2.Doors and Windows . The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . or 3D view. Once a door is placed. Add Doors 1. the door swing would be to the left side. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. elevation view. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. To flip the door. To reverse the swing. 3. On the Home tab. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. When placing doors in a plan view. This can be done in a plan view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. click Door. In other words. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Build panel.

Mode panel. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder.Load Families 1.rfa. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. With the Door command active. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Doors and Windows s 189 . and windows into project files. From the Type Selector list. on the Modify | Place Door tab. The display does not change. 2. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. In order to keep file size small. Click Open. click Load Family. except for the Type Selector. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". 3. walls.

The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.4. 5. From the Type Selector. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . If necessary. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. simply click it and enter the correct value. To Doors and Windows s 191 . If you place a door in the wrong location. change a temporary dimension.6. Place instances of single doors as shown. or by using the swing control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Remember.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.Doors and Windows .7.

Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. To reverse the window immediately after placing it.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. From the Type Selector. Build panel. click Modify and select the window. To reverse the window after performing another operation. On the Home tab. Windows have exterior and interior sides. 2. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. or 3D view. click Window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. approach the wall from the right side. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. elevation view. To face the outside of the window to the other side. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Open Unit5_doors. You can place windows in a plan view. Add Windows 1. the outside of the window is to the left side. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. When placing windows in a plan view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected.

Place seven more windows as shown.Doors and Windows . you opened an existing project. and placed windows. You do not need to add dimensions. In this exercise. loaded a door family.3. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Window tags do not number in sequence. 5. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. placed doors. 4. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.

you open an existing project file. constrain it to be centered in a wall. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. wall. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. click Aligned. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 3. s Align and modify walls. The file is also available in the course datasets folder.rvt. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Dimension panel. 2. place a door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . On the Annotate tab.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. and modify the wall. window. 1. and so on. 4. You practice the following skills: s Place a door.

Click the center of the door. Select the upper wall first. Notice the symbol. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The walls are now aligned. 2. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. This means that if one wall shifts.Doors and Windows . the other wall will remain aligned. Click the right wall. The door changes location. Align Walls 1. 5. 6. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.s s s s Click the left wall. Click it and it changes as shown. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the two wall faces indicated to align.

Clear the EQ Display value. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Doors and Windows s 197 . Change the dimension to 16. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.4. The walls shift and remain aligned. 5.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Right-click. 3. Dimensions display below it. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.

198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 7. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.6. Right-click. In this exercise. you placed a continuous dimension.Doors and Windows .

Select one of the windows located in the east wall. click Create Similar.rvt. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. On the Modify | Windows tab.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 4. Doors and Windows s 199 . In this exercise. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. especially if there are many different types. 1. 2.

Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Copy Windows 1. 4.Doors and Windows . On the Modify | Windows tab. 3. Modify panel. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The window will change appearance. The window is copied. Select the window you just placed. 2. click Copy. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.

Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt. 6.5. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows . cold. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

28" b. 40" d. 36" c. 32" d. Custom 3. a. s Position a door or window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. Standard b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Copy a door or window. 34" 4. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Place a window. 30" c. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Place doors.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Align a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. If a room is used for sleeping. 32" b. True b. False 2.

Link c. Offset c.Doors and Windows . Click the appropriate blue arrows. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. c. b. Load from Library b. Duplicate d. Insert d. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. b. True b. Click Door Properties. Load c. False 2. c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click Door Properties. Properties 3. Clone b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. The center snap 7. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a. a. 6. 4. d. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. a. you use: a. Use door grips to reposition. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Copy 8. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the door. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Select the door. True b. Right-click. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Click Modify > Flip Direction. To change the location of a door or window. you: a. d. a. False 5. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. A reference plane b. To center a door or window in a wall. Click Flip Direction. a. Select the door. you use ________. Select the door. True b.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 6.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 5. 4. (Student) Evaluate students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . Lesson Plan 1. s Modify stair boundaries. s Create railings. Review stairs and railings. 2.

Stairs and Railings . After completing this lesson. List the different stair types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . stair and railing types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.

engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Technology. and Language Arts. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and math standards.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .

210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. such as ice and snow. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.

Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Due to building code. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 .Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

Stairs and Railings .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38".

To review the list of standards for each lesson. or vertical circulation. The riser and run values update accordingly. and math standards. You can define straight runs. s Add a railing. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. s Modify stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. you will be able to: s Create stairs. For safety reasons. Engineering. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. which includes elevators. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. and stairs. Math (STEM). rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. In multistory buildings. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. ramps. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. As you move the cursor. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. engineering. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You create stairs in a plan view. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. L-shaped runs with a landing. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and Language Arts. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. s Create U-shaped stairs. U-shaped stairs. and spiral stairs. This lesson relates to technology.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. or tread.Stairs and Railings . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. of certain horizontal depth or run. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Technology.

On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 217 . The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. This file is in metric units. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. 3. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. This enables you to place the stairs properly.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. you create stairs using a straight run.

The cursor changes to a crosshairs. Circulation panel. you create a straight run. These tools are used to define your stairs. 5. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. click Stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .4. On the Home tab. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.Stairs and Railings . Click OK to close the dialog box. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. Run is preselected. In this case.

You can continue to move the cursor up. To change the run dimension. the run footprint stops expanding. 8. Stairs and Railings s 219 . indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. select Finish (green check). you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. and then click to define the run of stairs. Select this intersection point to start your run. 10. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. On the Mode panel. 7. As you move the cursor up.6. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. If you have not fully created the run. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Revit displays the number of risers you created. 9.

11.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. click application menu > Save As > Project.Stairs and Railings . 13. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. To avoid overwriting the original file. In this exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair. 12. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. and switched to a 3D view. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.

Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Activate view Floor Plans. The stair is not centered on the landing. Level 1. On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.rvt. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Edit panel. click Align. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.

select Wall centerlines. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. 5. from the Prefer list. On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings . You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.4. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Take time to make the selections correctly. Click the center of the wall first. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click the center of the stairs. The Align command remains active. If you have a scroll mouse. You can rotate your model to get a better view. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.

study the instance parameters under the Constraints. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Change Width to 1350. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. click Edit Type. 9. s Click Duplicate. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. enter Lobby Stairs. s For Name. Graphics. On the Properties palette.6. On the Properties palette. Hover the cursor over the railing. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. and Dimensions subsections. In the Project Browser. Select the stairs. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 7. expand Sections (Building Section). 8. s Click OK. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. railings were created with the stairs. As you prehighlight them.

Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Lobby Stair View.10. Select both railings. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.

and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Stairs and Railings s 225 . You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 13. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. In the Type Selector. s Zoom in on the stairs. 14. Click it to select it. click Edit Sketch. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. you change the shape of the stairs. Next. The stair changes to the run sketch. Mode panel. Delete this line.12. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The railings change. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.

17. To place the second arc endpoint. click the left end of the top riser. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.15. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Click to place the arc. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 19. On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 18. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Boundary. s On the Modify panel. Click Modify. 16. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.Stairs and Railings . Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the arc boundary you just created.

select the middle of the seventh riser going up. This will define a rounded first step. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the right boundary. For the third point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. First. 20. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. click Riser. The left boundary will be mirrored. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Next.21. the arc center point.

On the Mode panel. In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open the {3D} view to see the results.Stairs and Railings .22. you modified stair properties and boundaries. click Finish.rvt.

The completed exercise To create a railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. 3. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. This is typically done in plan view. In this case. you need to define a path for the railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Stairs and Railings s 229 . 2. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you sketch the plan view path. For simple railings. Select the right side railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown.rvt from the previous exercise. Click Modify. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Therefore. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise.

Once the railing is selected. You do not need to add dimensions. edit the temporary dimension. 6. s s On the Options Bar. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right.4. 7. select Chain. Mode panel.Stairs and Railings . s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. click Edit Path. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 5. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. The dimensions are shown as a guide. On the Draw panel. Then. click Line. on the Modify | Railings tab. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. To set the exact distance.

9.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 8. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. In this exercise. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete your lines and try again.rvt. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.

s On the Home tab. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. you create a reference plane. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Options Bar.rvt from the previous exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 2. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. In this exercise. In a floor plan view. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Work Plane panel.Stairs and Railings . Create a Reference Plane 1. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. the stairs appear as a U-shape.

4. 5. Pull the cursor straight up.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Circulation panel. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Gray. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. To start sketching the run. click Stairs. change the Width parameter to 900. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Click OK. Matte 2. enter Exit Stairs. Click OK twice. 6. On the Properties palette. Click Edit Type. On the Home tab. 3. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. For Name.

Press ENTER. Move the pointer to the right. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.Stairs and Railings . If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Click to finish the stair run. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 9. with none remaining to be created.7. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. 8. enter 1925.

Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. but they are hidden behind walls. Click Finish Stairs again.10. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Finish Stairs. If you get an error message. To remove the lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. Remove the additional lines. it is because you have overlapping lines. On the Stairs panel. you select Continue to return the sketch. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Select the two walls of the stair tower. You want to inspect your stairs. 2. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. On the View Control bar. 11.

you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Finally. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 4. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 3. On the Properties palette. Reset the Display 1. Zoom in to see your stairs. 5. The walls are now hidden.3. you learned to create a reference plane. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.Stairs and Railings . 2. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select the stairs so they highlight. The exterior walls reappear. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair. This is a multistory stair. On the View Control Bar. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.rvt. 6. In this exercise.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. escalators.

Stairs and Railings . but they can also be highly decorative. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. this openness makes them fire hazards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They cost less. and deliver riders without wait time. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. smoke guards. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Include landings as required by your local building code. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.

90 degrees d. 40" 4. s Create railings. True b. 30" b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. a. 32" c. False Summary/Questions s 239 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 25 degrees b. a. b. False 2. a. and all treads should be the same run.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 36" d. General Questions 1. 45 degrees c. you learned to: s Create stairs. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. s Modify stair boundaries. True b. 180 degrees 3.

a. riser lines c. risers and treads. False 6. Treads. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Attach Railing c. risers 3. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. Rectangle c. To create railings on stairs without railings. Modify c. that is. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. you use the _______ option. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. True b. Insert 2. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Pick New Host b. riser d. True b. Arc d. a. Home b. a. Railings. Fasten Railing 5. risers b. Run.Stairs and Railings . Line b. Align Railing d. Boundary lines. Circle 4. Manage d.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 5. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 11. (Student) 10. s Place fascia. Evaluate Students. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 9. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 6.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 8. (Student) 7. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles.

and pitch of a sloped roof.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. roof types. and downspouts. It addresses roof construction.Roofs . you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. After completing this lesson. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. gutters. tiles. Identify the different roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. run. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Calculate the rise.

Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . Technology. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. technology. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Rake: The inclined. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. engineering. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Math (STEM).Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

the roofing pattern. texture. resistance to wind and fire. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. maintenance. are designed for shedding water and snow. and sun. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and colors. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. and sunlight. and color. the roofing pattern. resulting in at least one textured face. They come in several types. About Roofs s 245 . Sloped roofs. and if visible. and if visible. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. You can use them for many different applications. snow. texture. as well as how effective a shelter it is. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and color. resistance to wind and fire. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. both low and steep. maintenance. These are used more often on upscale homes. durability. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. fire-resistant. brands. durability. and low maintenance roofing material.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. rot.

They are fire-resistant.Roofs . quality. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. zinc alloy. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. Unfortunately. or corrugated structural glass. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. fiberglass. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . reinforced plastic. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. treatment for insects. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. special characteristics (for example. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). odor. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. Therefore.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. This same roof on a clear. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. galvanized steel. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. choose a type that will suit your needs. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. consider such factors as cost. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. When choosing the insulation for your job. and require little maintenance. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). and so forth). galvanized steel. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. durable.

The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing.Roofs . the requirements for underlayment.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Shed One basic face with a slope. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

A number indicates the value of the rise. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. but the two sides are not symmetrical. run. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. where as.

254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7-12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 on 12.Roofs . 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 and 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction.

All roofs have to be impervious to wind. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. water. and fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Once you create a roof. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Create a hip roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. or eaves. or roof overhangs. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. snow. s Create a roof fascia. Roofs s 255 . To create a roof by face. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. soffits. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Create various roof types. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you can add gutters. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Place gutters. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. often supporting a gutter. dormers. or ice. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2.

and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Technology. engineering. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology.Roofs .

This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . you create an extruded roof.rvt. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. select the Name option. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 2. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. In the Work Plane dialog box. To create an extruded roof. Click OK to continue. Open ADA_Roofs. 3. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 4. the top of the roof profile is sketched.

click Ref Plane. 4. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Go To View dialog box. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 2. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. click Line. 3. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.5. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Draw panel. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Click Open View. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. On the Work Plane panel.Roofs . s Use the image below for guidance. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. select Section: Section 1. The section view should display as shown. 6.

To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click Modify. Using the image below for guidance. Using a positive offset value. 5. s Select the new dimension. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click the EQ toggle. sketch from right to left along the Level line.6.

Roofs . you can label them. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. Right-click. 3. Click OK. 4. Click Modify. On the Mode panel. s On the Options Bar. enter Horizontal. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 2. 1. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 5. 6. click Chain. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. for Name.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 7. click Line. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

12" type. 9. Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8. Roofs s 261 .

it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Edit Geometry panel. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 1. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 2. This is a two-step process. 3. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . carefully select the far right roof edge. On the Modify tab.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Using the images for guidance.Roofs .

3. 2. Roofs s 263 . open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Modify Wall panel. Select both walls. To select both walls together.4. select Attach Wall: Top. This will join the wall tops to the roof. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Options Bar. Trim Walls 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. However. In the Project Browser. Select the roof.

rvt.Roofs . In this exercise. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 5. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4. The roof now looks correct. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.

Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 4. so you look straight down as in a plan. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 3. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Because you are in a 3D view. The inner loops define openings in the roof. a dialog box is displayed. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Unit7_first_roof. Build panel. Click Yes. select Garage Roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. In this exercise.rvt. from existing walls. On the Home tab. From the drop-down list. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. by Footprint. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . 1.

To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 6. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select the vertical wall on the left. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.0".Roofs . Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.5. click Pick Walls. 7. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 8. s On Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. If you place a line on the wrong side. click Defines Slope. Use the image below for guidance. Next.

Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click Modify.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 2. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. The new roof displays. change the value to 6"/12". Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Select the left slope defining line. defining lines separately. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. When a roof line is set to slope defining. To complete the roof. Click the 9"/12" text. Change this value to 6"/12". roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Other controls also display. It becomes an editable field. Select the right side roof line. 1. click Finish. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. 3. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Roofs s 267 . By default. click Yes.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.4.rvt. 5.Roofs .

The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. When all of the walls prehighlight. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Build panel. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 3. 4.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. The file opens to a 3D view. click to select them.rvt. To chain-select all of the walls. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On Home tab. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Roofs s 269 . Clear Defines Slope.

3. Zoom into the chimney area. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. As an alternate.Roofs . 2. Using the image for guidance. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Draw panel. Right-click. click Rectangle. 4. On the Options Bar.Create a Roof Opening 1.

Click Finish. 6. Select the uppermost. Click Modify. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Select the left lower horizontal line. 3. On the Options Bar. 4. select the Defines Slope. select Defines Slope. horizontal line. On the Options Bar. The slope indicator displays. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. As in the previous exercise. 2. 5. click Yes.Add Slope Lines 1. Roofs s 271 .

Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise.Roofs . and chimney penetration. attached walls. 8. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.

Select the three walls shown in the image. Select Defines Slope. 4. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Roofs s 273 . 5. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. Zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. Build panel. Create the Roof 1. you create a hip roof. On the Options Bar.0". Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. set Overhang to 2' . 3. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The completed exercise On the Home tab.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise.

you use the Line tool. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. To close the roof sketch. Click Finish to complete the roof.7. Click OK. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. 3.Roofs . s On the Draw panel. In addition.0". Raise the Roof 1. 6. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. On the Properties palette. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Switch to a 3D View. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Right-click the ViewCube. 2. s s Clear Defines Slope.

Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

2. In this exercise. you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall.

6. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. click Line. On the Draw panel. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 7. 5. Create a Shed Roof 1. Clear Defines Slope. 2. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Roofs s 277 . 4. 3. click Pick Walls. you create a shed roof using the footprint method.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise.rvt.

10.8. Right-click the line. 13. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile.Roofs . 12. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . horizontal line at the front of the roof. 11. Select the lower. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 9. On the Properties palette. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Click Modify.

In this exercise. Roofs s 279 . When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Finish the Roof. 15. 16. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Switch to a 3D view. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.14. 17. 18.rvt. click Yes.

The roof updates. Cutoff Level list. Select the Roof. Activate the view North Elevation. 4. select Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. 2. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Open the Default 3D view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise.rvt. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 3. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 5.Roofs . On the menu bar. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.

7. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. click Pick Lines. On the Home tab. 9. 13. To set the slope for the new roof. Roofs s 281 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. select Defines Slope. on the Properties palette. In this exercise.rvt. 8. 11. Zoom and spin to see your model. 10. On the Draw panel. set the slope value to 3"/12". 12. Select the inner rectangle as shown.6. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Finish the Roof. Switch to a 3D View. On the Options Bar.

Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. In the Type Selector. The file should open to a 3D view. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. thereby reducing energy consumption. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt. 3. 2.Roofs .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Select the main roof over the house. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.

For Structure Value. 5. click Edit. click Duplicate. 2. click Edit Type. Click Insert to add a layer. s Click OK.Define a Roof Structure 1. For Name. 3. enter Clay Tile. Roofs s 283 . 4. It is a generic roof type. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Select the roof over the garage. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Select Layer 2 as shown.

In the Fill Pattern dialog box. 7.Roofs . you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. In this exercise. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 8.s s s In the Materials dialog box. s Click OK. Click OK twice. 6. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". select Model. The garage roof displays a pattern. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Click Open. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. click Roof > Fascia. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. to support a gutter. or for decoration. On the Home tab. In this exercise. 3. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. On the Insert tab. 2.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rvt. In the Open dialog box. Roofs s 285 .rfa.

select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. Matte. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Edit Type. for Profile. Set the Material value to Metal . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.5. Click Duplicate. For Name.Paint Finish Ivory. 6.Roofs .

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.8. Roofs s 287 .rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia. 9.

Click OK. 3. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Place Gutters In this exercise.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Metal Aluminum. The completed exercise 4. select Gutter . On the Home tab. The file should open to a 3D view.Roofs .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.Bevel: 5" x 5". 6. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 1. Under Material parameter. s Click Duplicate. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. under Profile parameter. Click OK. you add gutters to a building. 5. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Roof > Gutter. 2. For Name. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.

11.7. 9. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. If you click the interior face. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 10. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. you attached gutters to a roof. 8. In this exercise. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Segments will clean up at corners. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. the gutter displays on the wrong side.rvt. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Roofs s 289 .

heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . water.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .m. s Using your own house.

the run is always 12.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. s Place gutters. Medium c. Hip c. High d. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. a. Shed 4. Gable b. a. Low b. True b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . When referring to roof slope. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof.Roofs . False 2. True b. s Define a roof structure. General Questions 1. None of the above 3. s Place fascia. Gambrel d. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.

Footprint b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Activate Slope 9. b. To add a slope to a roofline. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Walls d. ENTER 4. sketch. place a check mark next to: a. Create Slope d. a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Defines Slope c. Extrusion d. 10. face b. Slope c. c. False 5. a. True b. DEL d. Face 3. Roofs can be created using ______. Footprint b. a. a. A compound roof contains layers. ______ or _______. Turn slopes on or off. Material 8. Footprint. Trim/Extend b. Walls. d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . you use: a. False 7. extrusion. lines c. True b. Create an opening. Sketch c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. True b. Change the direction of the roof. SHIFT c. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. pick d. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. profile 2. TAB b. extrusion. a. a. Sketch. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Add Slope b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. profile. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Change the direction of the slope. Cut/Lengthen c. Expand/Contract 6. Footprint.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Lesson Plan 1. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create a section view.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create material annotations. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.

and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. floor.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.Sections and Elevations . 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and tool racks. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. In a residential building. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. After completing this lesson. cabinetry. and special equipment. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. bathrooms. the location of special equipment. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. In a commercial structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. the kitchen. interior elevations may be used to show display cases.

engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and Language Arts. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. and math standards. technology. Technology. Math (STEM).

as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. framing. on the long axis of the building. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.Sections and Elevations . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and foundation plans. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and are properly cross-referenced. t Cross or transverse sections. across its narrower dimension.

Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. such as framing connections and foundation details. and steel. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary. partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

Sections and Elevations . s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. For larger elevations. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. it is acceptable to decrease the scale.

followed by any additional information about spacing. however. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. people. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. and then the name of the material. You may. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. quantity. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. For siding. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. cars. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. The size of the object is listed first. Therefore. or methods of installation. the titles assigned (North. Unnecessary Information Shades. shadows. bushes.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. South. this is reversed. East. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. For example. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. and so forth. For a wood structure. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans." Mfr. With interior elevations.

tile. and types of finish materials used. and materials used. or decorative patterns. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. The trim is usually glued into place. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. or linoleum) and the wall. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. chamfers. and lip. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. This is more costly than regular overlay.Sections and Elevations .View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". doors. shelf arrangements. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. and other appliances. and special equipment such as toilets. which is a formed pressboard. or a baseboard. other openings. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The wood is placed vertically against the wall. flush overlay. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. doors and direction of door swings. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. or MDF. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. windows. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Hinges are concealed. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. dishwashers. casements. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is usually made of plaster. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. It may have curves. wood. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. This is usually done using a topset. coving. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. which you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Change the section head. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Add slope annotations. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Place a section view on a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to a detail section.

Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. A section is a horizontal view. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. and math standards. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Once created. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. like an elevation.Sections and Elevations . Engineering. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. technology.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . the section symbol does not display in that plan view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. or other section view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. For example.

When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. it includes a crop region to resize the view. the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. tracing over the existing elements. s Add breaklines as needed. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Add structural details. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Once you create the detail section. the slope of this roof is 2:12. In the example shown. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Details are crucial for effective construction. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. In a set of construction documents. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Add detail notes. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. So. such as anchor bolts and siding.

Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

4. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Create panel. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the file ADA_Sections. click Section. The file opens to a 3D view. 3. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.rvt. The completed exercise 6. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. On the View tab. Create a Section View 1. 2. The Section command is available from the View tab.

and it has control grips to resize it. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. On the Properties palette. This is called the crop region. 3. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 2. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. With the section line selected. The actual location is not critical. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Section Properties 1. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols.

The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 8. In this exercise. When you drew the section line. 5. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. In the Properties palette.4. The section view updates. 6. you automatically created a section view.rvt. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Save the file as Unit8_section1. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 7.

Several section head families are available. click Load Family. Load from Library panel. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.1 point Filled. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Additional Settings > Section Tags. On the Insert tab. 3.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 2. Section Head . 5. They include Section Head . In this exercise. enter Open Arrow. and Section Head . The view does not change.Filled. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.rvt.Sections and Elevations . In the Type Properties dialog box. 7. Settings panel. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. For Name. Click Open to load the family. 6. 4.rfa. Click OK. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Select Section Head-Open. On the Manage tab.No Arrow. click Duplicate.

you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. enter Open Arrow.rvt. Click Duplicate.8. Select the section line. On the Properties palette. The section head updates to the new head type. In this exercise. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In the Section Tag field. 9. For Name. 10. click Edit Type. select Section Head . Click OK. For Section Head. 14. 12. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click OK. 13. select Open Arrow. Save as Unit8_section_open. 11.Open.

select the border of the callout.Sections and Elevations . it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 6. To reposition the callout head. On the Options Bar. click Callout.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". This is a building section. 5. On the View tab. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Create panel. Use the image below for guidance. 3.rvt. 4. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 2. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.

8. On the Properties palette. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. detail components. On the Options Bar. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 4. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. select Chain. 3. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. as shown. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. On the Annotate tab. You can add detail lines. Line is selected automatically. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. click Region > Filled Region. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 2. 1. Detail panel. On the Draw panel. but not strongly.7. Sections and Elevations s 317 .rvt. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. region patterns. Trace over the lower left corner of the view.

Sections and Elevations . 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. enter Earth. Click OK. 7. On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Select the upper and right side lines. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. For Name.5. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. 6.

Detail panel. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . click Load Family. 9.rfa. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Detail panel. From the Fill Pattern list. Click OK. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. select Finish (green check). 2.Section. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. click Component > Detail Component. If you zoom in closer. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern.8. 3. Click Open. On the Place Detail Component tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. 1. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the pattern becomes visible. On the Annotate tab. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Sections and Elevations s 319 . On the Mode panel.

In the Specify Types dialog box.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.4. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 5.

Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Add another Detail Component. 8. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Using the image below for guidance.6. 7. From the Type Selector list. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Move it after placement if necessary.

at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Select the vertical plywood. The exact vertical placement is not critical. This component represents the subflooring. Click Modify. 12. On the Properties palette. set the Thickness to 3/4". From the Type Selector. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 11.9. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. select anchor bolt. Use the image below for guidance. Click Component > Detail Component. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.Sections and Elevations .

On the Options Bar. select Multiple. Add another Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 323 .13. Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. On the Modify panel of the context tab. 14. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. select Lap Siding. select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.

2. Detail panel. click Detail Line. 16. From the Line Style Selector. On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. select Wide Lines.15. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Save the file. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Start at the end of the siding. Add Detail Lines 1.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 4. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 .3. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 5. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.

Save the file. select the Material field in row 3. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click Modify. 7. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list.6. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select the wall so it highlights. The wall display updates. Detail panel. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. click Insulation. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Next. 2. 9. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 8. Add Insulation 1. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. identified as Wall material 1. Right-click. 10. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

2. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. Sections and Elevations s 327 . select Break Line. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. From the Type Selector. Your view should resemble the image shown. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. click Component > Detail Component.

and detail components to it. Place the breakline as shown. 6. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. detail lines. The Detail Component tool is still active. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The view should resemble the image shown. 5. 7. You place another breakline. To complete the detail. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted.

The size of the object is listed first. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 3. and ventilation methods in construction documents. s Clear Annotation Crop.rvt. 1. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 2. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. or methods of installation. quantity. To add notes. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. weatherproofing.

Move the pointer up 11. click Text. 7. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Text panel. On the Format panel. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . From the Type list. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 6. 8. R13. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Finally. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry.Sections and Elevations . insulation.4" WEATHERING. 12. 9. 5. On the Annotate tab. leader arrow as shown. click Two Segments. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. As you pull your cursor to the right. 10.4.

Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. 14. Start the next text at the floorboard. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O..C. Enter 5/8" GWB . Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 16. . 20. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 17. CONT is short for Continuous. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 18. Click off the text to finish the entry.13. O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.C. 15. Start the next text at the interior wall. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. as the second line of text. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.C. 19. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.C. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. is an acronym for On Center.TYPE X. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the baseboard.

Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 23. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.Sections and Elevations .rvt. Note: CONC signifies concrete. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click ENTER to start a second line. 21. Click Modify. 22.

In the Project Browser. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. you will want to add the views to a sheet. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Right-click. Highlight your title block. 2. In this exercise. section. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 6. Locate the A-Landscape. 5. highlight Sheets. 3. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. The new sheet becomes the current view. click Load. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. and locate the detail view on it. Click Open. Click OK to exit the dialog box. or elevation view. Click New Sheet.rvt. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 4.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. This file is also available in the courseware datasets.

7. 8. click Show Crop Region. click Hide Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Click the control at its left end. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. close to the crop border. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select a Level Line. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag it to the right.Sections and Elevations . On the View Control Bar. 9. In the Project Browser.

s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Click Rename. highlight the new sheet. 12. In the Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter S. you: s Created a new sheet.301. For Name. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click OK. In this exercise. For Number. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.10. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. s Modified the label values in the title block. 13. 11. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. Right-click.

The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 2. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. s Add slope indication for roof.Sections and Elevations . 2. The elevation markers are now visible.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click Zoom to Fit. Select Elevations. s Set the display for building components as needed. Open ADA_Elevations. Right-click. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. When you create a project with a template. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. Click the Annotations tab. 3. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. east. and west. 6. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. s Add material notes. south. Click OK. s Add any necessary dimensions. It is defined by the green dotted line. 5.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. four elevation views are included: north.

On the Modelling tab. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Switch to an Elevation View 1. clear Planting. 3. 5. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Next. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the View Control Bar.2. clear Sections. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 4. On the Annotations tab.

On the Properties palette. 13.Sections and Elevations . 8.Exterior Stucco. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 11. It will be identified as Condo . Select Sand. In Surface Pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the wall. click Edit Type. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.7.rvt. click to open the list. you activated an elevation view. and modified the wall display characteristics. 10. modified its display. 12. 9. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click the button that displays to select a material. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Select the Material field for Layer 1. select Edit in the Structure field.

Enter TX. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.rvt. In the Type Selector. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 5. 2. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Add a note for the stone wall. 3. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the foundation. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Sections and Elevations s 339 .Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. or methods of installation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 4. quantity.

8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the roof.Sections and Elevations .rvt. Add a note for the exterior stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. In this exercise.6. 7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9.

Click to select the roof line. from the Slope Representation list. click Spot Slope. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 3. select Triangle.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. 2. On the Options Bar. 4. 1. enter 1/8". Place the cursor over the roof line as shown.rvt. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 6. Dimension panel. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Annotate tab. 5. For Offset from Reference.

Click Modify. Dimension panel. Click to locate the slope indicator.Sections and Elevations .7. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 9. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. click Aligned. 10. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 11.

you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels. leaders.rvt. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . and vertical dimensions. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. The west elevation now contains material notes. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. In this exercise. and dimensions for clarity.12. To create a continuous dimension as shown. slope indicators. 13. 14.

Click Open View. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. kitchens. special closets.rvt. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. and cabinetry. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. In the Project Browser. dimensions. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Find Referring Views. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. In this exercise. Right-click. equipment rooms.Sections and Elevations . 2. Highlight the view. This view was already defined in the drawing.

4. Right-click. On the Annotate tab. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Clear Use Project Settings. Dimension panel. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Select Suppress 0 Feet. In the Name box. click OK. 5. 7. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. 6. click Aligned. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. s s s s Click Duplicate. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.

detail the interior section.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 10. In this exercise. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. You modified a dimension style.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.9. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Using the Text and Dimension tools.

Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. d. 2. s Create slope annotations. Nobody in Charge d. s Create a section view. The direction the viewer is facing. General Questions 1. 4. b. Not in Contract c. Not in Concrete b. Cabinetry d. The direction the structure is facing. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. such as north. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. it depends. All of the above 5. s Create material annotations. Show the relationships between elements. True b. c. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. All of the above. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Bathrooms and kitchens b. False 3. b. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Walls c. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Either one. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. is always the true orientation. a. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 .

False 2. b. a. North 3. c. Click Add View. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. True b. South d. The boundaries of the view. d. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Element properties c.Sections and Elevations . click Sheet Composition > View. The detail level of the view. True b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. but not a 6. The dotted line indicates: a. c. East b. Sun and Shadow b. a. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. you use: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . b and c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Which elevation is it? a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. The Visual Style of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. b. Right-click. On the View tab. The height of the view. 4. West c. d. False 5.

3. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Load a schedule tag. you will be able to: s Create a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 5. s Export a schedule. 4. Review Schedules.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 6. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1.

Schedules . After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Math (STEM). and thickness. Engineering. Some of these building objects include. and math standards. width. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. such as reference number. Technology. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Schedules s 351 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and Language Arts. height. technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project.

352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. depending on the style of the architectural firm. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. However. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. There are different types of schedule tables. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.Schedules .

About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. A circle. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. E for electrical. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. However.Schedules .Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and A for appliances. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Other letters are P for plumbing. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following image shows door. Using the software. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. hexagon. window. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Like schedules.

equipment. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Schedules list items such as doors. technology. rooms. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. hardware. and math standards. materials. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create a room schedule. and Language Arts. s Add room tags. Schedules s 355 . Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. s Export a schedule. Technology. windows. Project templates include preset schedules.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering.

rvt. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. and you set the schedule to display totals. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.

select Comments. Schedules s 357 . Add Count. 6. On the View tab. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Height. 4. Level. 3. Select Windows from the list. and Width. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 7. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Type Mark. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Click Add.s Window Tag 5. In Available Fields.

Select the fields.8. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.Schedules . from left to right. 9. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Click OK to finish the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 3. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 1.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. but without any useful calculations yet. From the Sort By list. Select Blank Line. select Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Schedules s 359 .

you can have the schedule report this. 3. in this case). On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Rather than make a manual calculation. Notice how the schedule has changed.Schedules . 4. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Level. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . in the Then By sorting field. click Edit. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. On the Properties palette. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 1. In the Project Browser. In order to calculate the total number of windows. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. clear Itemize Every Instance. 2. click the schedule name. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.

This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Schedules s 361 . click Edit 7. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. s Set the schedule to display category totals. select Title. and Totals. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In this exercise.rvt.5. 6. for Sorting/ Grouping. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Count. select Footer. From the list. On the Properties palette. The totals for each window type now display.

One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. occupancy. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. click Overwrite the Existing Version.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. In this exercise.rvt. Room & Area panel. Locate the file named Room Tag. Click Open. Room size. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. 5. click Room > Room. 2. Open ADA_Room_Tags. ceiling type. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 4. On the Home tab. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. based on the amount of space in each room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.Schedules . floor type. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3.

8. Room & Area panel. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. and in the hall as shown. 7. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 6. Schedules s 363 . a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Click Modify to terminate the placement.In the Type Selector. click Room > Room Separation Line. On the Home tab. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area.

Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The cursor changes to sketch mode. s Click the Room text.9. click Room. Select Room #2.Schedules . The area value for Room 7 updates. On the Room & Area panel. 11. Click Modify. s Change the word Room to Manager. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 12. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The room tag updates. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 10. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. An edit box activates. 13.

Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. s Tagged various objects. for Name. Schedules s 365 .14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Added a room separation.rvt. 15. enter Sales. s Changed room tag field values.

On the View tab. Click Add--> after each selection. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Create a Room Schedule 1. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Set the Sort By value to Number. 4. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In the Available Fields pane. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Create panel. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. 6. 2. The completed exercise 5. For Name. enter Square Footage Report.rvt. and Area to be included in your schedule.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.Schedules . Click OK. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Name. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. select Number.

8. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Number field. Click the Formatting tab.7. Select Title and Totals from the list. Select Grand Totals. 9. Schedules s 367 . s Select Calculate Totals. In the Format dialog box. Change the Heading to No. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. clear Use Project Settings. Highlight the Area field. 10. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Set Alignment to Right. s Set Units to Square Feet. Click OK. s Set Unit Symbol to SF.

you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Totaled one of the columns. 12. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Click OK to exit the dialog box.11.rvt.Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

5. Using your Windows Explorer. You can then use this file in other applications. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. On the application menu. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1.txt) file. 3. 2. you export the room schedule to a text file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Schedules s 369 . The file is created.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. 4. Note the formatting that has been applied. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Double-click it to open it. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. locate the file you created. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Click Save. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.rvt. Browse to a directory to save your report. 6.

8. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.Schedules . The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. In this exercise.7. Close the text file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.

A list of sheets used in a project. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Quantity c. s Export a schedule. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. s Place a schedule tag.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Questions 1. None of the above. b. What is a schedule table? a. Instance 3. a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. s Reformat a schedule. A list of information that defines specific building objects. 2. True b. True b. a. Type b. d. c. s Load a schedule tag. Matrix d. False 4.

Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Application menu d. View tab c. View c. Annotate b. Modify 2. a. To export a schedule. TXT b. use the ____ . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. XLS c. CSV d. Home d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Annotate tab b.Schedules . Manage tab 3. a.

(Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 4. Review Visualization. 3.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 5.

Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Place a camera. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. or camera on a path. Finally. s Create a raytrace rendering. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Math (STEM). s Add planting components. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Export a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Orient walls and windows. you create a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Apply shading to a view. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. s Assign materials. and Language Arts. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Export a DWG file. s Play a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . After completing this lesson.

and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s s 2.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. courseware datasets. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. You worked on animations.rvt. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. To prepare your model for rendering. s Make a camera view the active view. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Open Unit2_custom_family. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Assign materials.

For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 4. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Stud. The wall display updates. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select any exterior wall. 5. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The walls now display layers of materials.Visualization . If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select one of the exterior walls. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 6. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl.3. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Right-click. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.

8. Open the Default 3D view.7. Click Change wall's orientation. Select Site: Grass. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Right-click. On the Properties palette. you can: s s s 9. Visualization s 377 . Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Click OK. In addition to using the control arrows. Repeat the process for the windows. Select walls. 10. Select the toposurface object.

378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. and click Open. Note the file location. On the application menu. Select the file name. This will filter the file list.11. click Import > Import. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 2. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Export the Model to FBX 1.rvt. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design.Visualization . 3.FBX). On the application menu. Select the Roof. for Files of type. 12. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Click OK in any notices and warnings. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. Depending on your system resources. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you have completed this exercise. Open 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. select Autodesk (*.

This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Visualization s 379 . 3. On the application menu. Note the file location. Open or return to Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. 2. Close the file without saving. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1. If necessary. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. There is no way to update it from Revit. Depending on your system resources.rvt. click Next.4. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you have completed this exercise.

click References > File Link Manager. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Attach This File.Visualization . Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Select two windows as shown. 7. 9. open Unit10_Export.4. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 8. click File. If necessary. Open or return to Revit. In the File Link Manager .max. Open 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Click Open.rvt. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the file name. Close the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 5. 6.

11. Save the file. 13. On the application menu. Visualization s 381 . Open the 3D view. Save the export file using the same name as before. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 12. The windows have updated. In the dialog box. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72".10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

The windows have changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. In this exercise. The linked file updates. s Click Reload. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.14. Open the File Link Manager. s Changed a material definition. s Close the File Link Manager. Open the Files tab. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Oriented walls and windows. 15.Visualization . s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 3. click Camera.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. add plantings to the model. as shown. generate a rendering. If you place the camera too close to the model. 2. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. On the View tab. Open Unit10_Export. you place a camera in a model. Create panel. Place a Camera 1. In this exercise. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Open the Site view.rvt. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Visualization s 383 . change materials. and create a second rendering.

Render Setup 1. select Very Few Clouds.4. 6. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Right-click. 7. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. click Show Rendering Dialog. 5. On the View Control Bar. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Click Show Camera. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. The camera perspective view opens. 2. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Return to the perspective view. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Open the Site view again. If necessary.Visualization . The camera will be visible.

Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . click Site Component. Visualization s 385 . and Lighting. Output Settings. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Click Render. Click Render. Accept the default settings for Quality. Enhance the Model 1. Open view 3D View 1. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 2.3. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Model Site panel. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 3. Open the Site view. On the Massing & Site tab.30' approximately as shown.

click OK. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Change Materials 1. Select the roof. 2. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Rendering dialog box.Wood Shake.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view. click Edit Type. 3. On the Properties palette. Revit places the image in its own view. On the Properties palette. select Roofing . In the Materials list. 4. 6. Click Edit in the Structure field.4. click Edit Type. click Save to Project. In the Save to Project dialog box. Select an exterior wall. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Show the Model. In the Layer 1 Material field. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 5. 5.

Click the Render Appearance tab. Visualization s 387 . 9. 7. Click Replace.10.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click Edit in the Structure field. 8.

Select Masonry .11. s Generated and captured a second render image. In the Rendering dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Edited materials in model components. 16. The new image is placed in its own view.rvt.Visualization . 14. In this exercise. In the Rendering dialog box. 15. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 13. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.Brick Uniform Running Brown. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Render. Click OK. These images are now available as options to present to a client. s Created a raytrace setup. click Save to Project. 12.

in a project model. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Click Zoom to Fit. 4. s Right-click again. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click. Create panel. To place a key frame. or frame. s View the animation in a media player. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Each view. In this exercise. s On the View tab. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Visualization s 389 . 2. Open floor plan view Level 1. The camera and path can be edited. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. and exported individually. Open Unit10_render. or walkthroughs. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. rendered.rvt. click to the left of the model as shown. s Edit the camera and path. 3. click 3d View > Walkthrough.

6. 9. 10. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Edit Walkthrough.Visualization . Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 11. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. The Options Bar changes. Walkthrough panel. 8. 7. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel.5. click Finish Walkthrough. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Modify | Cameras tab. The camera is located on the final key frame. Select the direction control for the camera. Drag it to the left.

click Next Key Frame. On the Walkthrough panel. 13. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Check the view in several key frames. Visualization s 391 . Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Edit Walkthrough. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. From the Controls list.12. 3. 2. select Path. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. If camera positions distort. Click Open.

click OK.rvt. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Revit generates the external AVI file. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. The walkthrough plays in the view window.Play the Walkthrough 1. On the application menu. Click Play. 3. Click Save.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. notice where you save the file. 2. 4. 2. In the Length/Format dialog box. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click OK. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. In the Video Compression dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. File Name.

Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Visualization s 393 .5. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Plan your class time accordingly. 6. such as shaded or rendering. It plays in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Double-click the new file name.

s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. In this exercise. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.Visualization .7. save the Revit Architecture file.

you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. s Export an FBX file. you use: a. s Apply shading to a view. a. True b. Flip Orientation d. s Add planting components. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. Questions 1. s Export a DWG file. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Align c. Save As > FBX c. s Assign materials. s Create and edit a walkthrough. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. a. True b. View > Shading d. Demolish 2. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Split b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you use: a. a. Print to File b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Export > FBX 3. s Play a walkthrough. False 2. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Create a raytrace rendering. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 5. beams.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. beam systems. beams and braces. 4. and braces. In the following exercises. Review structural columns.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . foundations. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 2. you learn how to place structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. Lesson Plan 1.

For example.Structural . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . beams.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

walls. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Knowing where structural members.

Place beam systems and braces. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Engineering.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Create column grids. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Beams connect columns or walls. In residential construction. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. spans without walls. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. wood. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. or reinforced concrete. wood. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. On the View Control Bar. click Column > Structural Column. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. or concrete.Structural . click Temporary Hide/Isolate . 1. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. 2.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets.Hide Category. beams can be steel. 3. this is known as post and beam construction. They come in types defined by size and shape. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Structural columns can be steel. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. Open Deck Framing. Select a floor. often mainly glass. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. In this exercise. As with columns.

This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". The Properties palette displays the floor properties. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Structural s 403 . On the View Control Bar. 6. In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. 7. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. click Depth. 3A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Repeat at grid intersections 2A.4. 5. 8. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. and 4B.

Click off the columns to clear your selection set. rail.9. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 10. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click OK. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. and columns clearly. In the Project Browser. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click OK. 11.Structural . Zoom in so you can see the deck. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click Hide In View > Element. Place Beams 1. 2. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Right-click.

In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s In the view window.3. select Chain. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. click Beam. Click. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Options Bar. 4. Structure panel. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Structure tab. 5.

Structural . Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click Modify. 6. On the Properties palette. 7.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Structural s 407 . click Make Wall Bearing. On the Properties palette. Structure panel. 12. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors.rvt. Click OK. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. as shown. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click Modify.8. In this exercise. 11. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. click Beam. Click on grid intersection B4. 9. Click. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Save the file as Deck Beams.

Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames.Structural .rvt. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. distance. 4. Click the beam on Grid 1. click Pick Supports. 3. s Place braces.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. or number of beams in a bay. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Open Deck Beams. click Beam System. The completed exercise 5. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. On the Structure tab. click Sketch Beam System. you: s Place beam systems. Structure panel. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. Place Beam Systems 1. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. click No. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. In this exercise. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. This is the direction indicator for the beam system.

On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. click Line. Draw a line on the face of the wall. as shown. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. Structural s 409 . 7.

s s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. On the Mode panel. click Create Similar. set Elevation to -0'-9". s 9. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click the beam on Grid 2.6". On the Properties palette. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .8. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Finish (green check). 10. 11. Click Finish. s s On the Draw panel.Structural . Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. click Line. Trim as necessary. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. click Pick Supports. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.2".

set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Click to place the elevation. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Structural s 411 . Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. unlike regular elevations.Place Braces 1. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 2. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 3. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. It has an automatic work plane. On the View tab. 4. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. On the Structure tab. click Brace. 5. Structure panel. as shown. Create panel.

click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. In the Type Selector. In the view window. to start the brace. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace.6. 7. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Repeat the brace going right to left. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Click Modify. 8.

s Placed braces. 11. In this exercise.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 .10. you: s Placed beam systems. Save the file as Deck structure.

Datum panel. You can change a grid number at any time. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grid datasets. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. In plan views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. and walls. The exact length is not critical. elevation. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . as shown. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. beams. Pull the cursor straight up. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. In this exercise. 2. but they can also be angular and radial. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. click in the lower left to start a grid line. The exact location is not critical. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. click Grid. and section views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. The numbering automatically increments.Structural . This is a common step early in designing a large building. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. s s In the view window.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to start another grid line. 4. Click to place a new grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".3.

Structural . Press ENTER. Press ENTER. Pull the cursor to the left. s Select Grid Line 2. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Click to start a grid line. Repeat to create grid line 4. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. close to the heads. The new grid line is number 5. The new grid line will be number 3. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Grid 3 is already the selection set. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click to place the grid line.5. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Enter A at the keyboard. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor to the right. 7. click Copy. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 6.

8. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Structural s 417 .1 is still selected. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This grid line will be number B. On the grid line. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Grid 2. 10. 9. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1. Change the number to 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. 11. s Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 2. The Grid tool is still active. This completes the main grid. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click Copy.

click Radius. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. enter 15. Create panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. set Offset to 15'-0". Zoom to Fit. In the Radius field. 3. s Click to start the grid line. 4. On the Options Bar. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Home tab.Create a Radial Column Grid 1.Structural . Click to place the grid head. The Grid tool is still active. Change the number to EE. Click in the new grid bubble. Press ENTER. click Pick. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .000 o . click Grid. s s Click grid intersection D3. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Draw panel. select Center-Ends Arc.

Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click to place grid FF. You will need to identify it easily. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. 7. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.5. 6. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Structural s 419 . Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.

s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Zoom to Fit. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Click grid intersection D3. 11.Pick Axis. Press ENTER.rvt. s In this exercise. s 10. Click to place the grid line. 9.8. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.000. Enter 31 to change the name. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 3. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Revit will create grid 32. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Mirror . To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Select grid 31. click Create Similar.

Structural s 421 . s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. 2.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. click Column > Structural Column. s Change a grid layout. you typically create a grid. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s 3. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. As a result. s Use a column grid to place beams. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In the Type Selector. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Structure panel. This is a steel column. In this exercise. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1.

In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 4.Structural . 3. 6. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. B. 2. 4. A. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click At Grids. C and D. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. set Height to Level 3.s s On the Options Bar. 5.

Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. 3.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 2. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. click Beam. 5. 4. click On Grids. The grid. click Finish. columns. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel. Structural s 423 . Window-select all the grid lines. and beams will move to the right. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. Click Grid 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns.

1. Open the Default 3D view. Click Redo. click Finish. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click Isolated. In the view window. On the Multiple panel. click At Columns. Columns and beams will move to the right.Structural . On the Multiple panel. On the Quick Access toolbar. 2. 3. 4.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 6. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click No. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. click Undo. window-select all the columns. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click OK. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. To change the size of the footing. The footing changes size. 7. 6. A warning displays. Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".5. s On the Properties palette.

s Changed a grid layout.Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams. In this exercise. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file.8.

spans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .

s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. 2. s Place braces. s Place beam systems. Questions 1. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. True b. False Summary/Questions s 429 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. All of the above. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. Column b. Brace c. Beam d. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a.

a. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. If you relocate a grid line. Select the type of beam or column to place. Select a beam type and define the system layout. c. When placing columns or beams. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . False 4. 2. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections.Structural . 3. d. b. you: a. b. Pick points. A but not B. A and B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Stretch b. Properties c. Flip Orientation d. 5. All of the above. d. a. To create a beam system. To change the height of a column. you can: a. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. c. you use: a.

Smith .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .iteaconnect.org Project Lead the Way.Teacher. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Poway High School. Ltd. PE .Director.Executive Director. Poway. Milwaukee. International Technology Education Association www. WI Roger Dohm . Mathematics. Starkweather . CA Ronald A Williams. Inc. Randy Dymond. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Copyright s 431 .Instructor. Susan Harrington . South Division High School. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.

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