Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . intersections.When sketching walls. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. the display shows editable distances and angles.

The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. floors. section.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. windows. stairs. roofs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . elevation.Software Tools . Other building elements such as doors. and 3D views. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. You can add building elements in plan.

the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.While components are being sketched. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown. In the illustration shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. If one is moved.

If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence.Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Constrain placement of objects. and Language Arts. s Place a predefined Mass family. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Math (STEM). and math standards. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. engineering. Engineering.

Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. There are mass families available to load into a project. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. roofs. quickly. Masses can be edited in many ways. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. and curtain systems. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. owner. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. A designer. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.Software Tools . and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. or masses. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . size.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. such as distance requirements from roadways. and then converted into building components such as floors. you can create in-place masses. walls.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools .

walls. roofs. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. masses. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotation includes text notes. and symbol heads. technology. Math (STEM). Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Recognize temporary dimensions. tags. and math standards. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. legends.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Explain the use of dimensions.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. and permanent dimensions for annotating. or angular. radial. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system.y.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

and Language Arts. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. the Type Selector. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. engineering.Software Tools . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Open tabs on the ribbon. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . technology. s Work with tool buttons. Engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. and Options Bar. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Technology. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.

You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. Display and Navigation s 31 . Its position is fixed. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. windows. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. for instance. beams. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. doors. and rooms.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

detailing. structural walls. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. braces. trusses. and text. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Display and Navigation s 33 . and foundations. columns. symbols. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.

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Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . copy/paste.Software Tools .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and parameters. Context tabs display as you work. materials. and inquiry.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Print.Software Tools . Open. and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. This menu has file management tools such as New.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. sheets. with four elevation markers visible. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. families. schedules. and groups. Legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser.Software Tools . 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

rendering (in 3D views). The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . A check mark indicates it is visible. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. Windows panel on the ribbon. visual style. cropping. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. View Control Bar View scale.Software Tools . shadow display. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. level of detail. sun settings.

Select the desired view scale from the list. To change the scale of a view. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 . place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools . Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. which can be according to the view. date and time. sun and shadow intensity. Display and Navigation s 47 . The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.

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and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. enabling you to select them. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools .

You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. To activate or open a view.All views are listed in the Project Browser. View. Structure. Massing & Site. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Display and Navigation s 55 . Annotate. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Insert. Nine tabs are available: Home. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Manage and Modify. Collaborate.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

the Options Bar may display below it. Display and Navigation s 57 . Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Options Bar.Context Tabs. If you select items in the view window. When a context tab is active. showing options that you can select while you are working. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Properties Palette. a context tab opens on the ribbon.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

On the right is a list of recently opened files. New File. The application menu contains file management controls. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. File Save.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Print. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Display and Navigation s 65 . File Close only appears on the application menu. and Publish. Click a file name to open that file. the application menu. such as File Open. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Export.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. After you have examined each of them. or click New > Project from the application menu. 3. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Navigation s 67 . Do this for other tabs. The completed exercise 4. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. 2. On the ribbon. If you select the menu option. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. To start a new project. make the Home tab active. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list.

Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.Software Tools . 7. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. 6. Close the file without saving. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. you opened a project file. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then viewed. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. In this exercise. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display.5. They disappear when you move the cursor away.

Quick Start for Revit Architecture.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. Open quick_start_building_elements. doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Exercise 2. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt.

The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. You are selecting everything visible. 6. 5.Software Tools . The Modify | Walls context tab opens. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 7. 4. Clear Walls and Doors. 8. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. On the Properties palette. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click the door in the upper left of the model. and windows highlight blue. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click any interior wall. Click OK. doors. all the walls.3. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. . Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements.

the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 10. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. 11. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. 12. Display and Navigation s 71 . Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. you opened a project file. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.9. examined the menus and toolbars. On the Properties palette. Click any door. Place a door as shown.rvt. click Create panel > Create Similar. In this exercise.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. building elements (walls. floors). templates. Math (STEM). annotations. lines. s Work with Revit families. drafting views. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. You can create sections. operating settings. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and 3D views using the View menu. display controls. In the exercises. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. mechanical equipment). and views. either predefined or user-created. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and elevation views by default. Engineering. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. ceiling plan. Revit provides floor plan. Pan. s Load and place component families. Component families include model objects (furniture. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and Language Arts.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Software Tools . Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Technology. s Create a new in-place family. schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. System families include levels.

This lesson relates to science. engineering. and math standards. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

First. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is an extensive database. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Right-click. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.Software Tools . View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Use your keyboard to enter VV. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_building_elements. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click the Annotation Categories tab. even a small one. There is also a copy in the course datasets. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. VG also opens the dialog box. Four elevation markers are visible. There is no way to see everything in it.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK.rvt. Rightclick in the view window. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. 2. The display changes.

Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Right-click. click Detail Level. On the View Control Bar. There are two parts to an elevation. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Click Open. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click Zoom In Region. Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 6. so be sure to select them both.4. Click and drag the cursor as shown. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click. Select Detail Level: Medium. Enter ZF. 5. 7. In the Project Browser. Select the roof outline.

On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. change the Underlay value to None. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. 2. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. as before. doors and windows are not shown. Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties.Software Tools . It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. View Properties 1. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit.8. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. and where the cut plane sits.3.0". The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click Rename. Click OK. Set the cut plane value to 7' . 4. enter Roof. For Name. Right-click. the ridge is now visible. click Edit. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Next to View Range. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.

select Shadows On. 4. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. select Shading with Edges. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.Graphic Display Options 1. In the Presets list. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Accept the location that activates. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 2. under Solar Study. 3. select Winter Solstice. select Still. Open Elevation view South.Software Tools . On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 5. In the dialog box that opens. Set the time to 9:30 am. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8.

The elevation shadows update. Save the file as Unit2_views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rvt. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. 6.

Build panel. you open an existing project file. windows. There are system families. Open Unit2_views. or institutional structures. This exercise illustrates how you locate. walls. commercial.rvt. 3. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. doors and windows are dependent on walls). except they are fully parametric and table-driven. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. load. On the Home tab. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. roofs. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. standard families. Doors are considered standard family entities. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. and annotations are examples of standard families. In Revit. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. and so on. click Door. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Additionally. s A system family. and use a Revit family to place a door. Doors. furniture. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. and place Revit families. or stand-alone (for example. windows. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. such as levels. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and floors. These components are called families and there are several different types. is predefined within Revit. railings. and furniture.Software Tools .Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. furniture). lights. and families in place. You add closet doors to interior walls. floors. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry.

Click Open. Tag panel.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. It has a number of different sizes defined. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Accept the default size. s s 6.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. As you move your cursor near any wall. Click Open. If you highlight a door family. Furniture. Locate Double Panel 2. Project files have a file extension of *. 4. You click to place an instance of the door family.rfa. Click the Doors folder. and Annotation.rfa. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Family files have a file extension of *. 5. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).

you located. loaded. Place an instance of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family.7. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.rvt. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. but not strongly. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. simply click it. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. 9. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Place two more instances of the door as shown. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 8. In this exercise.

you open an existing project file. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. 3. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . Select the double door as shown. 5. click Duplicate. and create an in-place family. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter 48" x 80".rvt. 2. Open Unit2_doors_walls. This door needs to be 48" wide. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Click OK. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The required width is not available. modify a door family. For Name. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 4.

Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 4. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. enter Hall Clock. In the dialog box. click Component > Model In-Place. Build panel. The door updates. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 1. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 2. is to create a component family in place. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. For Name. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .6. Click OK. 3. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 5. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Click OK. On the Properties palette. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). On the Home tab. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. select Generic Models.

You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 13. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". you located.rvt.6. You have created the base of the clock. 10. as shown. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Click OK. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 8. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 7.2". In this exercise. and placed a door family. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 9.0' 2". loaded. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.4" as shown. 12. On the Draw panel. The family model updates. click Rectangle. Revit will display . 11. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.

Software Tools . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

Spin the model in 3D space. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Questions 1. and click Open.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. d. Zoom to the entire model. and place a family from a library. context tabs. s Access. s Change view properties. s Change type properties of a family. c. d. The tool shown is used to: a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. and Options Bar. False 4. s Adjust Visual Style Options. False 3. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. depending on the template selected. True b. Create a 3D perspective view. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. To activate a view: a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. b. b. True b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. a. s Open different views. Each project has several predefined views. load. d. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. False 5. s Create an in-place model family. c. Right-click. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. True b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Views can be renamed. Turn on Shadows. b. False 2. c. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. 6. tab. True b. s Change view displays. Either a or b. 7.Software Tools . a.

depending on settings 9. etc. Standard b. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. Families 11.) are called: a. Rotate c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . a. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. System c. A family created within a project is called ________________. Blocks c. Scroll d. windows. Project Browser d. Pan and Zoom b.8. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. All of the above. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Parts d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. In-Place d. Properties palette 10. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Multiview b.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 6. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Duplicate and modify views. 9. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create a project template. Review Revit Architecture setup.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Set project units. 8. s Create labels. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 7. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 2.

The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.aias.Standards and Building Codes . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Visit the AIA website at www. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. linetypes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. based on the AIA standards. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. colors. and Language Arts. linetypes. and so forth. After completing this lesson. Engineering. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Many cities and counties have their own rules. should be used. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings.org. colors.org. defining the layers.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Visit the AIAS website at www. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Explain why templates are used. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. and the settings that are preset within them. Math (STEM).aia.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.

a garage. If there is a fire. a common area (such as a living room or family room). and one closet. doors. it must have at least one door. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. A garage must be completely enclosed. otherwise it is considered a carport. If it lacks any of these components. and so on. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. windows. defined and adopted by convention. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. it cannot be called a bedroom. a bathroom. one window. the number being its numerical value.Standards and Building Codes . in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. For example. and so on. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. like mechanical drawing. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design.

Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. and other materials. in the United States. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. using imperial units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. unit symbol ft. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. the construction industry still uses the English. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. units are applied to dimensions. also known as the International System of Units. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. or imperial. such as room size and wall height. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object.. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Another method is to apply dual notation. glass. Here h is the physical quantity. unit symbol m. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. is 555 ft.For example. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. is 169 m. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . In architectural drafting. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. However. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169.

and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In Revit Architecture. Each size is designated by a letter. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).) 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. sheets. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.Scales are ratios. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). line weight and pattern.Standards and Building Codes . every 1/8" would represent 1'. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. one value representing another value. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and viewports. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.

The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.a modified version of the AIA standard. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. You create and position views. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. notes Demolition. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. symbols. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. and then add a title block or other symbols. elevators. site plan.01. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. temporary Schedules Sections.

or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text.Standards and Building Codes . Each building project must comply with a specific standard. annotation plot sizes. the HVAC company. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. For example. drawing scales. fonts. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. the electrician. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. that is. The paper is oriented landscape. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the date drawn. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. so that the height is less than the width. Typically. the author of the drawing. and layer standards. followed by information on the building's owner. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and so on. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The column is divided into sections. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Usually. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The next space is for tracking revisions. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. and other relevant information.

title blocks. and so forth. layer settings. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. required symbols. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

windows. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Technology. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . These can be used to build your model. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Engineering. dimension styles. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and walls.Standards and Building Codes . views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.

and math standards. Settings s 101 . engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology.

Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. In the New Project dialog box. factory. you use templates as starting points. click Browse.Standards and Building Codes . Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. click New > Project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. you create a new project file using a template. 2. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Open Revit to an empty project file. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. apartments. Condominiums. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. On the application menu. Select a Template 1. or store. In Revit. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.

5.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Select the Residential-Default. Click Open. saving set up time. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Settings s 103 . you started a new project file using a standard template. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.4. click Close to close this project without saving. Click OK. On the application menu. 6. In this exercise.

Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Standards and Building Codes . you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. In the courseware datasets folder. 3. Press ESC to cancel the wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. In this exercise. s Place the cursor over the left wall. The Wall tool remains active. expand Floor Plans under Views. Click to start a new wall. Build panel. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. The file opens to a 3D view. open ADA__Settings. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. In the Project Browser.rvt. the drawing setup options are preset. click Wall.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Pull the cursor to the right.

Place the cursor over the left wall. and move the cursor right. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Press ESC to cancel the wall.) 6. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. 8. click to start a new wall. Settings s 105 . In this exercise. 7. s Set Unit symbol to m. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. 5. Close the file without saving. Click Format for Length.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.4.

Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Open ADA_Dimensions.rvt. For Name. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . dimensions snap to wall centerlines. click Duplicate. or insert components. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 4. there are two types of dimensions. 1. click Edit Type. 3. create. By default. dimensions not only display. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. enter Big Text. On the Properties palette. temporary and permanent. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. but also control the size and location of objects. Dimension panel. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Aligned. 2. On the Annotate tab. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.

and bottom horizontal walls.5. 7. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Select the top. Settings s 107 . s Set Text Size to 3/16". left. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". 6. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Click OK twice. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Click to place. The Dimension tool is still active.

In this exercise. you opened an existing file. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. s s s Select the far left. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Dimension tool stays active. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.8. 9. upper. Click to place the dimension. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. and far right vertical walls.

Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. In the datasets folder. These are annotations. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.rvt. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Notice the door and window tags. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. 2.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. Settings s 109 . In order to do this. and the view window displays the new plan. There are no annotations visible. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 3. In the Project Browser.

6. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Model Categories tab.Standards and Building Codes . 9. In the Project Browser. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 8.4. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 1. Click OK to update the display of this view. click Project Information. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Settings panel. Click OK. 7. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click Rename. On the Manage tab. 5. Double-click to open it. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.

Settings s 111 . Click OK. 2.) 3. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. click Edit. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Enter the address as shown. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Rightclick. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. or supply your own values: Click OK. highlight the title block displayed in the list.Add a Sheet 1. 3. 2. Click New Sheet. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. In the Value column of Project Address. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.

Click Apply.4.Standards and Building Codes . Next. In the Identity Data and Other sections.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Notice the change to the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. 5.

Settings s 113 . 2. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 3. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select Add View to Sheet. Click Activate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Right-click. Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 4.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Deactivate View.

The Scale updates in the title block. Place the cursor 7.Standards and Building Codes . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Placed a view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. you: select it. Finish the move. s Added a sheet. deselect it. 6. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . of the sheet.5. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Close the file without saving.

This is one of the longer exercises. Start Revit Architecture. It opens to the Recent Files window. A copy of the 11 x 8.5 title block template opens. 2. 3. On the application menu. Select A-11x8. Settings s 115 .Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.rft. click New > Titleblock. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Click Open.5. 4. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Landscape. Your teacher may specify another location. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Save the title block as A . Right-click. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Add a label for Sheet Number. s Click Add. 10. click Save to save the title block. Add a label for Checked By. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 14. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Quick Access toolbar.Standards and Building Codes . Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value. 11. In this exercise. Accept the Sample Value. select Drawn By. s Accept the Sample Value.9. 12. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 13. click Close. you created a title block using a template file.rfa. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 15. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom.

The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 4. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Locate your title block. Your title block is now displayed in the list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Insert a Title Block 1. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. In the Recent Files window. The title block appears in the graphics window. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Highlight the title block and click OK. 2. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Settings s 125 . 3. 5. you create a new project file. click New to create a new project using the default template. On the View tab. and then load a custom title block into your project. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Click Open.

Standards and Building Codes . edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. s For Drawn By. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. In this exercise. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter your instructor's name. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK. On the Manage tab. On the Properties palette. Select the title block. 6. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. enter Student Project Unit 3. 4. you a created a new project file. 3. 5. Settings panel. Click Zoom to Fit. enter your name. click Project Information.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 2. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. s For Checked By.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Click OK.

Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. 2. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. and then load them like families. select Project Template. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Click OK. s Families: Load in families you use most often. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. and geometry from the template. including how the rendered image looks. In the New Project dialog box. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. angles. 3. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. in addition to predefined wall types. settings. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. and slope angle. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. In this exercise. Create a Template In this exercise. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. you define the title block. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. a dimension style. click New > Project. and the units for your custom template. such as 3D and plan views. 1. On the application menu. On the Insert tab. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. you create a new project file.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project.

click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Click OK twice. 8. 9. 10. enter 3/16" Verdana. For Name.Standards and Building Codes . In the Type Properties dialog box. 7.Landscape. click Settings panel > Project Units.rfa. There will be no visible change. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Annotate tab. Click OK. Set the units for the template. 5. 6. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click the Length field in the Format column. Next. Open the title block A . click Duplicate. You create a custom dimension style. create a Dimension Style.4. On the Manage tab.

The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. select Sheets (All). Settings s 129 . Select the A .Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click New Sheet. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 12. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. 14.11. On the Properties palette. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. In the Project Browser. Click OK. 15. Rightclick. Click OK. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.

Save your project template in your class project folder. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.rte. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.Standards and Building Codes . The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style. You can use this template for future projects. 17. title block. Click OK.16. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save the file name as A-English template. as well as dimension style and units. and units that you defined. In this exercise.

s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. abstract format. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry.

1:3 b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. S. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. A. General Questions 1. False 3. s Change lineweight.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Create a text style. s Create a title block. NCTM d. An architect b. NCSESA 2. a.05 c. A. s Create a template. True b. s Change dimension colors. AIA b. A particular physical quantity. s Create dimensions. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. is defined as what? a. P. and symbols used in drawing? a. Metric d. UBC c.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Using AIA Standards. s Create a dimension style.02 d. s Create labels. A unit 4. dimension styles. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". English c. a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. 1:24 d.Standards and Building Codes . defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 1:12 c. a. s Create text.02 b. 1:32 5.

False Summary/Questions s 133 . True b. a. a. Wall centerlines c. Wall faces b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Application menu > New > Sheet b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Point offsets 3. True b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. you click: a. False 4. In Revit Architecture. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Application menu > Properties b. False 6. dimensions snap to: a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Wall midpoints d. a. To set the units in a project. By default. To change the scale of a view. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you use: a. True b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. To create a new sheet.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

4. 6. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 2. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. 3. s Align walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Trim and extend walls. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit.

them. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. and protect its interior spaces. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. or filling in between. separate. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . List the different types of occupancy. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.Walls . After completing this lesson. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. their construction and materials.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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It will not print. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . but it disappears when you begin another action. Enter 10. Walls s 151 . 4. Click to set the endpoint. indicating wall length. After you create the wall.Brick on Mtl. the dimension updates incrementally. Clear the Chain option. To modify a dimension. Stud. an angular dimension displays. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. click it to open an edit field.3. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. As you continue to move the cursor. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Select the Single Line option. 5. Expand the Type Selector list. a dashed line displays. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.

The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. the controls may sit on top of one another. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. On the View Control Bar. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the Modify | Walls tab. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall.6. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. click the Detail Level icon. After setting the vertical wall's direction.Walls . 7. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Click the wall. enter 7. Select panel. click Modify to stop placing walls. Click to start the next wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. Depending on your zoom in the view. Press ENTER. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Set the Detail Level to Medium. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. 8. click Create Similar. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Create panel.

10. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Notice that two dimensions display. an alignment line displays. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click Modify.9. Also. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. no matter where you move the cursor. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Because you drew the wall from up to down. release the mouse button to set a new length. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Walls s 153 . Select the right vertical wall.

Click Cancel. On the Home tab. 14. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This is the same as clicking Modify. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 16. Right-click. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 15. Build panel. click Wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Repeat. 12. Select the lower vertical wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line.Walls . Sketch the walls as shown. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. When using the Chain option. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.11. 13.

you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. After clicking the second end. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click Zoom to Fit. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR.18. Clear the Chain option. Walls s 155 . Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".rvt. Click Modify. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. 19. 20. Select the Three Point Arc tool. In this exercise. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Create Similar again. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Save the project as Unit4_walls.

Walls . Split Walls 1. 2. Only part of the wall highlights. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. To do this. Do the same for the vertical wall. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. you first split the walls at the intersections. 4. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. fillet. Click Modify. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. trim. Both split walls are shown below. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Draw a wall at the angle and location shown.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. and extend walls. 3. The cursor changes to a razor blade. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. align.rvt from the previous exercise. This exercise illustrates how to split. You now remove the upper right corner. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.

4. select Radius. On the Modify | Walls tab. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 2. Walls s 157 . This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Undo and repeat the steps. Modify panel. Create panel. 3. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Click Fillet Arc.Fillet Walls 1. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Create Similar. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Select any wall. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 5. Enter 5'. You can also click the flip control. click Delete. If you make a mistake. On the Options Bar. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building.

Place an interior wall as shown. The Wall tool is still active.Walls .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: Interior . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 2.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 3. 1. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. You align the wall in the next steps. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.

4. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Click to create a wall. Pull the cursor straight up. clear Chain. Walls s 159 . The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can lock the alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. The length is not critical. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s On the Options Bar. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment.

The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 4. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 2. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The walls can cross. This will be the border. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . 6.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 3. The length is not critical. 5. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the vertical wall as shown. You can click Undo if you make a mistake.

7. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet. In this exercise. align. and trim.rvt.

The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. satisfy different requirements. 2. click Edit Type.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 1. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. In the Project Browser. and vary in cost. The Modify tool is active by default. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design.Walls .

s Select Finish 1 [4]. s Click the number of Layer 3. To edit the structure of the wall. s Click Up. Every layer of a wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. the wall structure should be as shown. 6. When you are finished. 5. For Name. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. has a Function you can edit. s Click the arrow at the right. Add two additional layers to the wall. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Click OK. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. 8. Click Insert twice. click Edit in the Structure value field. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. s Click Down twice. except Core Boundary.4. Walls s 163 . enter 8" Insulated Stud. 7.

which displays plan or section views.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Exterior . 10.Stud Layer. Material. s Set the Material to Finishes . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s Set the Material to Wood . s Click the icon that appears at the right. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Walls . 13. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. Modify the Function. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. select Finishes . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 11. 12. Change the Layer Thickness to 2".Interior Gypsum Wall Board. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.9. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".

Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. From the Detail level list.14. In the Project Browser. Walls s 165 . On the Properties palette. 16. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. 17. expand the Families branch. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. select Medium. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Click Apply to update the view. 15.

19. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud.Walls . You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.18. defined a new wall structure. 20. Close the file without saving. You opened an existing file. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click 8" Exterior. From the Type Selector list. In this exercise.

You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Select one of the Exterior . Be sure to select the wall and not a window. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. you create and modify vertically compound walls. for example. a structural mid-section. In this exercise.rvt. You can define a wall type with these elements. 2. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. 3.Brick on Mtl. wood rails.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. and a decorated interior surface. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. The model opens in a 3D view. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . such as a weatherproof outside surface. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Stud walls as shown.

4. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You can assign different materials to regions. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 2. into regions. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. To split a layer or region vertically. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 6. Wall structures are Type Properties. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. or you will lose your changes. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. either horizontally or vertically. 1. click Edit. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. 8. To define the structure of the wall. In this exercise. so all instances of this type change. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. As indicated in the dialog box title. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. You change the type. 5. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . When you split a layer. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You can split regions into other regions. in the Structure value field. To split a layer or region horizontally.Walls . Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Click Split Region. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You can set the sample height to any value. 7. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. If not already expanded. highlight one of the borders. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure.

Click Merge Regions. Prehighlight a border between regions. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to merge them. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. When you merge regions.3. Click to merge the two layers. 3. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. assign Layer 1. Click to split the region into two parts. 4. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . In this case.Brick layer. since both regions are composed of the same layer. After merge. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Walls s 169 . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. The upper split disappears. 2. 1.

click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 2. Click the arrow to observe the behavior.Walls . s Select the split line. If you set the split offset down from the top. you assign the material Masonry Brick . You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Next. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Click again to return to the original position. 3. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 4. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Click Insert. 1. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. click Modify. to the next parallel line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. The dimension text turns blue. Revit converts the value to 12' 0".Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. After a region is split. Click the temporary dimension text. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Press ENTER. Change the value to 12. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. 2. 3. indicating that it is modifiable. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. To create a new wall layer. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. instead of down. In the Edit dialog box. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 1.

10. because it is now the selected layer. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. as shown. Click OK. Modify. All walls of this type have been changed. 8. Close the file without saving. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Walls s 171 . Split Region. The preview changes appearance. 6. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course. 7. it highlights in blue in the preview window. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. The column widths in the table can be adjusted.4. Change the Material to Masonry . Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. It also shows a thickness value. Merge Region. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. and Insert Layer tools. Click OK. Click Assign Layers. 9.Brick Soldier Course layer. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. It immediately highlights in blue. When a layer is selected in the table. In this exercise. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . 5.

Walls . and protected. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. earth. installed. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and insulation. ducting. piping. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

and the amount of space you have inside your building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Doors and Windows . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the ventilation. the view. but also the natural lighting.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

ft. if there is no other escape route. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.Doors and Windows . An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20".7 sq. The height can be no less than 24". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.

and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. Math (STEM). and math standards. you learn how to place doors and windows. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and furniture are defined in family files.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Some families are loaded into each empty file. In this unit. engineering. Components such as doors. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. how to load additional door and window families. s Center a door in a wall. Technology. s Copy windows. move. and how to position. and copy these elements. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project.

the door swing would be to the left side. Once a door is placed. To reverse the swing. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. To flip the door.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. or 3D view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. On the Home tab. elevation view. Build panel. 3. In other words. When placing doors in a plan view. 2. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. This can be done in a plan view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. click Door. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected.Doors and Windows . Add Doors 1. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt under the courseware datasets folder.

and windows into project files. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. click Load Family. Click Open. Select the door Double-Panel 2.Load Families 1. With the Door command active. 2. walls. Doors and Windows s 189 . on the Modify | Place Door tab.rfa. except for the Type Selector. Mode panel. In order to keep file size small. The display does not change. 3. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. From the Type Selector list.

The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4.Doors and Windows . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. If necessary. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 5. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Place instances of single doors as shown. Remember. or by using the swing control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. If you place a door in the wrong location.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. change a temporary dimension. Do not add the dimensions. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.

Doors and Windows .7. Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

To face the outside of the window to the other side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. approach the wall from the right side. Windows have exterior and interior sides. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. You can place windows in a plan view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. From the Type Selector. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. elevation view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click Modify and select the window. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. click Window. Add Windows 1. When placing windows in a plan view. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. the outside of the window is to the left side.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window after performing another operation. or 3D view. 2. Open Unit5_doors. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Build panel. On the Home tab.

The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.3. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.Doors and Windows . 4. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you opened an existing project. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. placed doors. Place seven more windows as shown. Window tags do not number in sequence. 5.rvt. In this exercise. and placed windows. You do not need to add dimensions. loaded a door family. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.

1. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. s Align and modify walls. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted.rvt. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. click Aligned. and modify the wall. window. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. On the Annotate tab. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. and so on. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. 3. wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. place a door. Dimension panel. 2. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. 4. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . constrain it to be centered in a wall.

Select the upper wall first. 2. The door changes location. This means that if one wall shifts. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click it and it changes as shown. 5. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click the right wall. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.Doors and Windows . Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click the center of the door. Notice the symbol. The walls are now aligned. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Align Walls 1. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.s s s s Click the left wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. the other wall will remain aligned. 6.

Change the dimension to 16. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The walls shift and remain aligned. Clear the EQ Display value. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 3. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 5. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Dimensions display below it.4. Right-click. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Doors and Windows s 197 .) The dimension value is now shown.

Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_aligned.6.rvt. In this exercise. you placed a continuous dimension. 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit.

Create panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Doors and Windows s 199 . especially if there are many different types. click Create Similar. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 4. 2. On the Modify | Windows tab.rvt. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. In this exercise.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 1.

Doors and Windows . 2. On the Modify | Windows tab. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Copy Windows 1. The window is copied. click Copy. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Modify panel. 3. 4. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The window will change appearance. Select the window you just placed.

5. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt. Right-click. In this exercise. 6. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Click Zoom to Fit.

cold.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows . heat.

32" d. 36" c. s Position a door or window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. Standard b. 30" c. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 28" b. you learned to: s Place doors. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. General Questions 1. Custom 3. s Copy a door or window. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 34" 4. s Place a window. a. 32" b. False 2. 40" d. a. If a room is used for sleeping. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Align a door or window. True b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a.

The center snap 7. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Click Door Properties. To center a door or window in a wall. To change the swing direction of a door: a. you use: a. Duplicate d. Select the door. False 5. False 2. Click Door Properties. Click the appropriate blue arrows. c. Load c. Copy 8. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Right-click. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . a. you use ________. d. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Properties 3. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Load from Library b. b. 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Insert d. A reference plane b. d. True b. Link c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. 6. Clone b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. a.Doors and Windows . Click Flip Direction. you: a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. To change the location of a door or window. Select the door. c. a. Select the door. b. a. a. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Use door grips to reposition. Select the door. Offset c. True b.

you will be able to: s Create stairs. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 2. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. Review stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 3. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .

Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. After completing this lesson.Stairs and Railings . Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. stair and railing types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Once the actual riser height is determined. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Then. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.

Stairs and Railings . such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Due to building code.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. This saves space when changing direction. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".

Technology. or vertical circulation. For safety reasons. Engineering. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. You can define straight runs. s Modify stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. and math standards. In multistory buildings. and spiral stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. This lesson relates to technology. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you.Stairs and Railings . of certain horizontal depth or run.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. As you move the cursor. or tread. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. L-shaped runs with a landing. You create stairs in a plan view. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. s Create U-shaped stairs. ramps. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. which includes elevators. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Add a railing. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. U-shaped stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. and Language Arts. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. engineering. Math (STEM).

You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Zoom in Region to the lobby. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Before you create the stairs. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Stairs and Railings s 217 .change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. From the courseware datasets folder. 3.rvt.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This file is in metric units. This enables you to place the stairs properly. On the Properties palette. you create stairs using a straight run.

Circulation panel. These tools are used to define your stairs.Stairs and Railings . Click OK to close the dialog box. Run is preselected. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. In this case. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. you create a straight run. 5. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. click Stairs. On the Home tab. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .4.

Stairs and Railings s 219 . 8. and then click to define the run of stairs. If you have not fully created the run. the run footprint stops expanding. You can continue to move the cursor up. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical.6. Revit displays the number of risers you created. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. You can also enter a distance of 4400. 7. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. On the Mode panel. 10. 9. To change the run dimension. As you move the cursor up. Select this intersection point to start your run. select Finish (green check).

The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.11. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. you created and placed a straight run stair. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 12. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. and switched to a 3D view. To avoid overwriting the original file. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. click application menu > Save As > Project.rvt. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 13.Stairs and Railings .

Activate view Floor Plans. On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. 2. Level 1. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Edit panel. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Stairs and Railings s 221 . click Align. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The stair is not centered on the landing.rvt.

hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. The Align command remains active. On the Options Bar. select Wall centerlines. If you have a scroll mouse. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Click the center of the stairs. which is located at the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. from the Prefer list.Stairs and Railings .4. Take time to make the selections correctly. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. 5. Click the center of the wall first. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.

s For Name. and Dimensions subsections. 7. expand Sections (Building Section). Select the stairs. In the Project Browser. Change Width to 1350. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. railings were created with the stairs. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. s Click Duplicate. 9. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 8. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays.6. s Click OK. Hover the cursor over the railing. Graphics. On the Properties palette. As you prehighlight them. enter Lobby Stairs.

Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Cherry s s Click Modify. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Select both railings.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.10. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.

14. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Click it to select it. The railings change. s Zoom in on the stairs. 13. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Mode panel.12. you change the shape of the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Next. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. In the Type Selector. The stair changes to the run sketch. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. click Edit Sketch. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Delete this line. Stairs and Railings s 225 .

s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. s On the Modify panel.15. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 19. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Click Modify. Click to place the arc. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 17. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 16.Stairs and Railings . 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click the left end of the top riser. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 18. click Boundary. To place the second arc endpoint.

the arc center point. For the third point. click Riser. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. This will define a rounded first step. Click to exit the Mirror command. The left boundary will be mirrored. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Stairs and Railings s 227 . On the Draw panel.21. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the endpoint of the right boundary. 20. First. Next. Click CenterEnds-Arc.

click Finish.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23.22. On the Mode panel. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you modified stair properties and boundaries.

rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Zoom into the landing area as shown. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Therefore. 3. 2. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . The completed exercise To create a railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Select the right side railing. For simple railings. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you sketch the plan view path. This is typically done in plan view. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. you need to define a path for the railing. In this case. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Click Modify. To make sure you are selecting the railing.

Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Then.Stairs and Railings . You do not need to add dimensions. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Mode panel. select Chain. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. 7.4. To set the exact distance. 5. Once the railing is selected. on the Modify | Railings tab. click Edit Path. s s On the Options Bar. edit the temporary dimension. 6. On the Draw panel. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select Finish to exit the railing definition. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. click Line.

Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete your lines and try again.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 9. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 8. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.

s On the Home tab. In this exercise. you create a reference plane. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 2. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. set the Offset value to 850. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. the stairs appear as a U-shape.Stairs and Railings . you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.rvt from the previous exercise. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Work Plane panel. In a floor plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Create a Reference Plane 1.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. s On the Options Bar.

change the Width parameter to 900. 5. enter Exit Stairs. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Gray. 6. 4. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Pull the cursor straight up. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. click Stairs. For Name. On the Home tab. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Circulation panel. Click OK. Matte 2. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click Edit Type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. 3. Click OK twice. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. On the Properties palette. To start sketching the run. Stairs and Railings s 233 .

Stairs and Railings . If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. enter 1925. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 9. with none remaining to be created.7. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer to the right. 8. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Press ENTER. Click to place the first run.

If you get an error message. Remove the additional lines. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. it is because you have overlapping lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click Finish Stairs. but they are hidden behind walls. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Click Finish Stairs again. On the View Control bar. On the Stairs panel. To remove the lines. You want to inspect your stairs. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen.10. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. you select Continue to return the sketch. 11. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. 2. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element.

This is a multistory stair. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 2.rvt. 6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 4. and to create a U-shaped stair. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. On the Properties palette. On the View Control Bar. The exterior walls reappear. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. In this exercise. The walls are now hidden. Zoom in to see your stairs. Select the stairs so they highlight.Stairs and Railings .3. you learned to create a reference plane. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Finally. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Reset the Display 1. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. 5.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators. STEM Connections s 237 . and elevators. ramps.

this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. but they can also be highly decorative. They cost less.Stairs and Railings . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Include landings as required by your local building code. smoke guards. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. and deliver riders without wait time. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.

a. True b. General Questions 1. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. s Create railings. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 36" d. 40" 4. b. 25 degrees b. 90 degrees d. a. False 2. and all treads should be the same run. s Modify stair boundaries.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False Summary/Questions s 239 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. you learned to: s Create stairs. True b. 180 degrees 3. 32" c. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 45 degrees c. a. 30" b.

Railings. Align Railing d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. To create railings on stairs without railings. risers b. Fasten Railing 5. Insert 2. Arc d. Boundary lines. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. riser lines c. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. riser d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . risers and treads. True b. a. Modify c. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Rectangle c. that is. Circle 4. Line b. You can apply materials to different stair components. a.Stairs and Railings . risers 3. Pick New Host b. False 6. Manage d. a. Attach Railing c. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Run. Home b. you use the _______ option. Treads.

(Student) 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 3. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 5.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 10. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. s Place gutters. (Student) 4. (Student) 11. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 9. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.

you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. After completing this lesson. and pitch of a sloped roof. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. It addresses roof construction. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. roof types.Roofs . tiles. Calculate the rise. and downspouts. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. gutters. Identify the different roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. run. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. and Language Arts. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. technology. About Roofs s 243 . Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Rake: The inclined. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. and math standards. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

texture. and color. snow. both low and steep. the roofing pattern. resistance to wind and fire. texture. the roofing pattern. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. brands. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and sunlight. durability. fire-resistant. and if visible. and sun. These are used more often on upscale homes. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. as well as how effective a shelter it is. rot.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. You can use them for many different applications. maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. They come in several types. are designed for shedding water and snow. and low maintenance roofing material. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Sloped roofs. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. and if visible. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. durability. resulting in at least one textured face. resistance to wind and fire. maintenance. and colors. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. About Roofs s 245 .

s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. They are fire-resistant. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. treatment for insects. fiberglass. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. galvanized steel. Unfortunately. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. and insulating capability (R-value). a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. choose a type that will suit your needs. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). or corrugated structural glass. special characteristics (for example. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. zinc alloy. reinforced plastic. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. quality. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. Therefore. When choosing the insulation for your job. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. durable. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. galvanized steel. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly.Roofs . and require little maintenance. This same roof on a clear. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. consider such factors as cost. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. and so forth). odor. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.

The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs .

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. where as. The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. run.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. A number indicates the value of the rise. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.

Roofs . The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 to 12.When designing a roof. 7 and 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 on 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7-12. try to specify standard roof pitch. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

often supporting a gutter. s Create various roof types. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Create a roof fascia. or ice. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you can add gutters. snow. Once you create a roof. or eaves. you work with massing shapes and not building components. To create a roof by face. soffits. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. that convey rainwater to drains. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Place gutters. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Roofs s 255 . All roofs have to be impervious to wind. dormers. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Create a hip roof. or roof overhangs. water. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. and fascia. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice.

Math (STEM).Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Technology. This lesson relates to science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and Language Arts. technology.Roofs . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. engineering.

select the Name option. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. Click OK to continue. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.rvt. 4. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.. you create an extruded roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 3. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. To create an extruded roof. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open ADA_Roofs. In the Work Plane dialog box.

258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Draw panel. select Section: Section 1. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.Roofs . A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 4. 2. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. click Ref Plane. On the Work Plane panel. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. click Line. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 3. In the Go To View dialog box. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. The section view should display as shown. Before sketching the roof's profile. s Use the image below for guidance. Click Open View. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar.5. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.

s Click the EQ toggle. Roofs s 259 . Using the image below for guidance. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Select the new dimension. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.6. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. 5. s Click Modify. Using a positive offset value. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. enter Horizontal. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Click OK. 2. On the Mode panel. 7. On the Properties palette. click Line.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Finish (green check). Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 1. s On the Options Bar. 3. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 5. Click Modify. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 6. for Name. Right-click. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. you can label them. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. click Chain. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane.Roofs .

Switch to a 3D view. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8.12" type. Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. This is a two-step process. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . On the Modify tab. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 3. Using the images for guidance. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 1. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 2. carefully select the far right roof edge. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Edit Geometry panel. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.

open the view Sections: Section 1. Trim Walls 1.4. In the Project Browser. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. 3. This will join the wall tops to the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. However. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Roofs s 263 . click Attach: Top/ Base. Select both walls. 2. The roof is now trimmed on both sides.

s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. The roof now looks correct.Roofs .4.rvt. 5. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.

The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. On the Home tab. so you look straight down as in a plan. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Click Yes. The footprint sketch is created at 2.rvt. In this exercise. Because you are in a 3D view. Build panel. 1. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 4. a dialog box is displayed. Unit7_first_roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. From the drop-down list. select Garage Roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. 3. by Footprint. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. from existing walls. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched.

8. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . If you place a line on the wrong side. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s On Options Bar.0". click Pick Walls. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 6. select the vertical wall on the left.Roofs . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch.5. clear the Defines slope option. Use the image below for guidance. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 7. click Defines Slope. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Next.

That value displays next to the slope arrow. By default. Other controls also display. defining lines separately.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. change the value to 6"/12". click Finish. It becomes an editable field. 1. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Change this value to 6"/12". Roofs s 267 . Select the right side roof line. Click Modify. 2. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Select the left slope defining line. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Click the 9"/12" text. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 3. The new roof displays. click Yes. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. To complete the roof.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. In this exercise.rvt. 5. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.Roofs .

you create a gable roof using a footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. click to select them.rvt. 3. To chain-select all of the walls. set the overhang to 1' 0". Build panel. On the Options Bar. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. When all of the walls prehighlight. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The file opens to a 3D view. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Clear Defines Slope. On Home tab. 2. 4. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Roofs s 269 .

As an alternate. Right-click. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 3.Create a Roof Opening 1. 4.Roofs . you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. click Rectangle. verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Draw panel. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 2. Using the image for guidance.

The slope indicator displays. select Defines Slope. Click Modify. horizontal line. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 3. Select the left lower horizontal line. 2. 6. 5. Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. Select the uppermost. As in the previous exercise. 4. On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. Click Finish. click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.

rvt. attached walls. 8. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. and chimney penetration. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.Roofs .7.

Create the Roof 1. Build panel. you create a hip roof. The completed exercise On the Home tab. 3. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. On the Options Bar.0". click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Zoom into the area shown. Roofs s 273 . Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select Defines Slope. 4. 2. set Overhang to 2' .rvt. 5. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Select the three walls shown in the image. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.

change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Raise the Roof 1. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7. 3. s s Clear Defines Slope. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 2. click Line. Right-click the ViewCube. s On the Draw panel. you use the Line tool. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.0".Roofs . To close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Click Finish to complete the roof. Switch to a 3D View. In addition. 6.

Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first.

and then joined it to a wall.rvt.2.Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.

2.rvt. 4. 6. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 3. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. click Line. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Roofs s 277 .Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 5. On the Draw panel. 7. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. The file should open to a 3D view. Clear Defines Slope. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Create a Shed Roof 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.

278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 11. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. 9. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Select the lower.8. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Modify. Right-click the line. 12. 10. 13. On the Properties palette.Roofs . Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile.

click Yes. 18.14. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 17. 16. Roofs s 279 . Click OK. Switch to a 3D view.rvt. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 15. you created a shed roof using a footprint.

4. Cutoff Level list. select Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Activate the view North Elevation. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 2. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. The roof updates. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 5. On the Properties palette. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.Roofs . Select the Roof.rvt. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Open the Default 3D view. You see four levels defined in the model. 3. On the menu bar.

on the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. Zoom and spin to see your model. 9. click Pick Lines. 13. Switch to a 3D View. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. set the slope value to 3"/12". In this exercise. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.rvt. Finish the Roof. 8. select Defines Slope. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. On the Home tab. Roofs s 281 . Select the inner rectangle as shown. 10. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 11.6. 12. 7. To set the slope for the new roof.

1. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Type Selector. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. thereby reducing energy consumption. Select the main roof over the house. 2. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Roofs . 3. The file should open to a 3D view.rvt. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Select Layer 2 as shown. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Edit. Click Insert to add a layer. For Structure Value. 3. For Name. It is a generic roof type.Define a Roof Structure 1. 5. Select the roof over the garage. 4. Roofs s 283 . Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. enter Clay Tile. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 2. s Click OK.

Click OK twice.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 8.rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Click OK. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 6. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".Roofs . 7. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". select Model. The garage roof displays a pattern. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

click Load From Library panel > Load Family. click Roof > Fascia. Roofs s 285 . Click Open. On the Insert tab. 3. In this exercise. to support a gutter. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. 4. 2. or for decoration.rvt. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rfa. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. In the Open dialog box. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Home tab.

Click OK. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.5. for Profile. click Edit Type. Matte. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Set the Material value to Metal . 6. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.Paint Finish Ivory. In the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . For Name. Click Duplicate. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.

you defined and applied a roof fascia. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise.8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. 9. Roofs s 287 .rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.

Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. s Click Duplicate. select Metal Aluminum. under Profile parameter. you add gutters to a building. On the Home tab. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK.Roofs .Bevel: 5" x 5". The file should open to a 3D view. select Gutter . Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise 4. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 5. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. Place Gutters In this exercise.rvt. click Roof > Gutter. Under Material parameter. click Edit Type. Click OK. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 6. In the Type Properties dialog box. 3. For Name. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 1. 2.

Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.rvt. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 11.7. 9. Segments will clean up at corners. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. In this exercise. the gutter displays on the wrong side. If you click the interior face. 10. you attached gutters to a roof. Roofs s 289 . 8. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.

s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . water.Roofs . heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m. s Using your own house.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

Hip c. s Define a roof structure. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. None of the above 3. s Place gutters. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. the run is always 12. False 2. a. a. Shed 4. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . When referring to roof slope. Medium c. High d. Gambrel d. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Low b.Roofs . General Questions 1. Gable b. s Place fascia. True b. True b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.

Extrusion d. pick d. To add a slope to a roofline. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Slope c. Walls. Face 3. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Change the direction of the roof. ______ or _______. a. c. Sketch c. False 7.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Material 8. A compound roof contains layers. a. Create an opening. profile 2. DEL d. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Footprint. a. Turn slopes on or off. False 5. Create Slope d. a. Activate Slope 9. Change the direction of the slope. b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Footprint b. Sketch. a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Cut/Lengthen c. place a check mark next to: a. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. 10. a. Trim/Extend b. Expand/Contract 6. SHIFT c. Add Slope b. you use: a. face b. TAB b. Defines Slope c. sketch. Footprint b. d. a. ENTER 4. lines c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Footprint. extrusion. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Roofs can be created using ______. Walls d. extrusion. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. True b. True b. profile. True b.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create a section view. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create material annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Lesson Plan 1. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .

and wall conditions at that particular slice location. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and tool racks. cabinetry. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are used to examine the roof. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. In a residential building. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. bathrooms. and special equipment. the kitchen. floor. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. After completing this lesson. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure.Sections and Elevations . In a commercial structure.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. the location of special equipment.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. Math (STEM). technology. Engineering. Technology.

s Section lines need not be entirely straight. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. framing. t Cross or transverse sections. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.Sections and Elevations . s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. and are properly cross-referenced. on the long axis of the building.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and foundation plans. across its narrower dimension.

such as framing connections and foundation details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. full. unnecessary.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Sections and Elevations . s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s The position relationship between different elements. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. For larger elevations. such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members.

" Mfr. South. the surface covering and underlayment is notated.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. cars. quantity. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. shadows. The size of the object is listed first. With interior elevations. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. For a wood structure. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. however. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. You may. Unnecessary Information Shades. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and then the name of the material. or methods of installation. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. this is reversed. bushes. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Therefore. East. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. and so forth. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the titles assigned (North. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. followed by any additional information about spacing. For example. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. For siding. people.

Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. It may have curves. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. wood. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Molding is normally decorative in nature. or a baseboard.Sections and Elevations . The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. or MDF. and lip. and special equipment such as toilets. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". and types of finish materials used. This is usually done using a topset. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. flush overlay. shelf arrangements. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. doors. This is more costly than regular overlay. and other appliances. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. doors and direction of door swings. The trim is usually glued into place. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. or decorative patterns. dishwashers. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . coving. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Molding is usually made of plaster. casements. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. other openings. It can also be used around doorways and windows. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. which is a formed pressboard. and materials used. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. tile. or linoleum) and the wall.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Hinges are concealed. chamfers.

Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. and a section symbol on all plans. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. which you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create an interior elevation. s Add slope annotations. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Change the section head.

the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. like an elevation. technology. A section is a horizontal view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Math (STEM). The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Once created. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. and math standards. Technology. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces.Sections and Elevations . This lesson relates to science.

or other section view. provided its crop region intersects the view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. elevation. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.

Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region.

tracing over the existing elements. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. which is spoken as 2 in 12. such as anchor bolts and siding. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add structural details. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Details are crucial for effective construction. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add breaklines as needed. In a set of construction documents. So. In the example shown. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Once you create the detail section.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Add detail notes. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Slope is also referred to as pitch. The slope is the ratio rise:run.

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.

2. The Section command is available from the View tab. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. click Section.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The file opens to a 3D view. Open the file ADA_Sections.rvt. Create a Section View 1. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. 4. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 3. Create panel. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The completed exercise 6. Sections and Elevations s 311 . select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". In the Scale list on the Options Bar. On the View tab. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.

This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. 3. On the Properties palette. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The actual location is not critical. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building.Sections and Elevations . You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2. This is called the crop region. With the section line selected. and it has control grips to resize it. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Section Properties 1.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on.

The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The section view updates. Clear Crop Region Visible. The view is listed in your Project Browser. you automatically created a section view. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 5. 8. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. In this exercise. When you drew the section line. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Save the file as Unit8_section1. 6. In the Properties palette.4. 7.rvt. change Far Clip Offset to 10. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.

Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Load from Library panel. In the Type Properties dialog box. 3. 5. The view does not change. click Duplicate. On the Manage tab. Select Section Head-Open. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.1 point Filled. For Name. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .No Arrow. 4. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. enter Open Arrow.Filled. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. In this exercise. They include Section Head . Section Head . 6. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.rvt.Sections and Elevations .rfa. Settings panel. 7. 2. click Load Family. Click OK. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Click Open to load the family. Several section head families are available. and Section Head . On the Insert tab.

Open. Save as Unit8_section_open. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Select the section line. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. 13. 12.8. enter Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 10. For Section Head. Click Duplicate. click Edit Type. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 9. Click OK. 14. 11. Click OK.rvt. For Name. select Open Arrow. On the Properties palette. select Section Head . The section head updates to the new head type.

set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise.rvt. To reposition the callout head. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Create panel. 3. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. On the View tab.Sections and Elevations . 6. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 4. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Use the image below for guidance. select the border of the callout. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is a building section. 5. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. click Callout. 2.

You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 3.7. 1. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You can add detail lines. Detail panel. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. detail components. Line is selected automatically. as shown. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Draw panel. 8. but not strongly. select Chain. region patterns. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab.rvt. 2. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. click Region > Filled Region. On the Properties palette. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. 4.

Select the upper and right side lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. On the Properties palette.5. Click Modify. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. For Name.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. enter Earth. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 6.

On the Mode panel. select Finish (green check). Click OK. click Load Family. 3. the pattern becomes visible. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Sections and Elevations s 319 .Section. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Detail panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . From the Fill Pattern list. On the Place Detail Component tab. If you zoom in closer. 9. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 2.8. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel.rfa. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Click Open. On the Annotate tab. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. 1.

Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. From the Type Selector. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. In the Specify Types dialog box.Sections and Elevations .4. Click OK. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 5. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.

Sections and Elevations s 321 . Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 7. From the Type Selector.6. 8. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector list. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Move it after placement if necessary. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. Using the image below for guidance.

10. Place the component similarly to the image below. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. select anchor bolt. 11. Select the vertical plywood. This component represents the subflooring. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.Sections and Elevations . 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Component > Detail Component. set the Thickness to 3/4". Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. 12. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. From the Type Selector. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. On the Properties palette.9.

Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar.13. From the Type Selector. select Lap Siding. select Multiple. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Click Modify. Add another Detail Component. 14. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Use the image below for guidance.

Add Detail Lines 1. 16. From the Line Style Selector. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. click Detail Line. Save the file. On the Annotate tab. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. select Wide Lines. Detail panel. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.15. 2.Sections and Elevations . 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start at the end of the siding.

3. 4. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines. Zoom out. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 5. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.

Next. select the Material field in row 3. On the Annotate tab. 9. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list.6. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The wall display updates. identified as Wall material 1. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Add Insulation 1. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 10.Sections and Elevations . Select the wall so it highlights. 7. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Modify. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. click Insulation. 2. Detail panel. Right-click. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field.

From the Type Selector.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Your view should resemble the image shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 1. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. 3. select Break Line. On the Annotate tab. click Component > Detail Component.

Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. In this exercise. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 5. Click Zoom to Fit. The view should resemble the image shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 7. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. and detail components to it. 6. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. To complete the detail. You place another breakline.Sections and Elevations . The Detail Component tool is still active.4. Place the breakline as shown. detail lines.

you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. With nothing selected in the view. 2. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. s Clear Annotation Crop. or methods of installation. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). quantity. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 3. 1. and ventilation methods in construction documents. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. To add notes. The size of the object is listed first.rvt. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. The border around the view will disappear. weatherproofing. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.

8. 10. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.Sections and Elevations . 7. On the Annotate tab.4. 12. click Text. insulation. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box.4" WEATHERING. Finally. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. click Two Segments. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 9. R13. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. On the Format panel. As you pull your cursor to the right. Move the pointer up 11. 5. Text panel. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. From the Type list. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . leader arrow as shown.

14. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the baseboard.C.C. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.C. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. as the second line of text. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 20.C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT.13. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the floorboard. 15. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Sections and Elevations s 331 . . 16.. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Click off the text to finish the entry. O. Start the next text at the interior wall. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 19. CONT is short for Continuous. 17. Enter 5/8" GWB . Start the next text at the anchor bolt.TYPE X. is an acronym for On Center.. 18.

Click Zoom to Fit.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.rvt.. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 21. Click ENTER to start a second line. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Modify. Note: CONC signifies concrete.Sections and Elevations . Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 23. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In this exercise. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Sections and Elevations s 333 . You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 4. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. and locate the detail view on it. 3. In the Project Browser. highlight Sheets. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 2. In this exercise.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. you will want to add the views to a sheet.rvt. or elevation view. Locate the A-Landscape. Click Open. Click New Sheet. Highlight your title block. 6. section.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 5. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click OK to exit the dialog box. The new sheet becomes the current view. click Load. Right-click. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.

Select a Level Line. close to the crop border. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9.7. In the Project Browser. click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag it to the right.Sections and Elevations . Click the control at its left end. 8. click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.

Sections and Elevations s 335 . In the Project Browser. For Name. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Right-click.301. highlight the new sheet. 11. s Modified the label values in the title block. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 12. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK. Click Rename. Click Zoom to Fit. you: s Created a new sheet. In this exercise. 13. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.rvt. enter S.10. For Number.

Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotations tab. 2. s Add any necessary dimensions. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Right-click. The elevation markers are now visible. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Add slope indication for roof. s Set the display for building components as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 5. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 6. When you create a project with a template. s Add material notes. four elevation views are included: north. Open ADA_Elevations.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Select Elevations.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. It is defined by the green dotted line. south. east. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 3. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 2. 4. and west. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.Sections and Elevations . Click OK.

5. 3. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Annotations tab. Next. clear Sections. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view.2. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the View Control Bar. clear Planting. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. 4. On the Modelling tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.

9. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 8. On the Properties palette. Click Zoom to Fit. 11. Select the wall. 12. and modified the wall display characteristics. In Surface Pattern. click to open the list. Click the button that displays to select a material.rvt. 13. 10. In this exercise. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. modified its display. click Edit Type. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you activated an elevation view. In the Type Properties dialog box.Exterior Stucco. select Edit in the Structure field. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.7. Select Sand.Sections and Elevations . Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. It will be identified as Condo .

rvt. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Add a note for the stone wall. 3. 5. quantity. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 2. The size of the object is listed first. Sections and Elevations s 339 . The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. In the Type Selector. 4. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Add a note for the foundation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. or methods of installation. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Enter TX. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.

Add a note for the roof.rvt.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9. 7. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .6.

from the Slope Representation list. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. For Offset from Reference.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. select Triangle.rvt. enter 1/8". 1. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab. 2. Dimension panel. 3. Click again to locate the slope indicator. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 4. click Spot Slope. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. 6. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. On the Options Bar. 5. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.

Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click to locate the slope indicator. Click Modify. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Dimension panel.Sections and Elevations . 9.7. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. click Aligned. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. On the Annotate tab. 11. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click to select the roof line. 10.

Sections and Elevations s 343 . To create a continuous dimension as shown. and vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and dimensions for clarity. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.12. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Arrange notes. slope indicators. The west elevation now contains material notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.rvt. 13. 14. leaders.

kitchens. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. and cabinetry. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. dimensions.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Right-click. equipment rooms.Sections and Elevations . special closets. This view was already defined in the drawing. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Click Find Referring Views. 3. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. 2. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms.rvt. Click Open View. In this exercise. Highlight the view.

Clear Use Project Settings. click OK. In the Name box. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 345 . s s s s Click Duplicate. Dimension panel. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click the value field for Units Format 8.4. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. 7. 6. Right-click. click Aligned. 5. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation.

Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. In this exercise. Using the Text and Dimension tools.rvt. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. You modified a dimension style. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9. detail the interior section. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 10.

Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Either one. Not in Contract c. Not in Concrete b. b. General Questions 1. False 3. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create slope annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. True b. is always the true orientation. such as north. c. c. s Create material annotations. All of the above 5. s Create filled regions. b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. All of the above. 4. it depends. Walls c. Show the relationships between elements. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Nobody in Charge d. s Create a section view. The direction the viewer is facing. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Cabinetry d. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. 2. d. The direction the structure is facing. a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.

The height of the view. False 2. True b. True b. b. a. The dotted line indicates: a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. The detail level of the view.Sections and Elevations . Which elevation is it? a. South d. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The boundaries of the view. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. but not a 6. Sun and Shadow b. d. West c. c. b and c. North 3. East b. The Visual Style of the view. d. Click Add View. c. Right-click. a. Element properties c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. False 5. 4. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View tab. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. click Sheet Composition > View.

s Export a schedule. Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 2. s Load a schedule tag. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 6. 3. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Reformat a schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules . After completing this lesson. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

and thickness.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Engineering. Some of these building objects include. width. technology. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. about the building objects in your architectural plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. height. Technology. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). About Schedules s 351 . and math standards. and Language Arts. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. depending on the style of the architectural firm. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. However. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules .

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

The following image shows door. E for electrical. Other letters are P for plumbing. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. hexagon. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. and A for appliances.Schedules . To clarify the reading of the floor plan. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Like schedules. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. However. Using the software. A circle.

Math (STEM). s Export a schedule. Schedules s 355 . s Add room tags. engineering. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. materials. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. and you can create your own schedules. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules list items such as doors. s Create a room schedule. and Language Arts. rooms. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. hardware. equipment. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. This lesson relates to science.

Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. 2. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Schedules . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.

Add Count. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. and Width. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 3. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 4. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Schedules s 357 . Select Windows from the list. Click Add. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box.s Window Tag 5. select Comments. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Level. 7. Type Mark. Height. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 6. On the View tab. In Available Fields.

Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Click OK to finish the schedule. from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . A view opens with the schedule you just defined.8. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules . 9. Select the fields.

Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Schedules s 359 . 1. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. but without any useful calculations yet. 2. Select Blank Line. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. From the Sort By list. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3. select Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.

Rather than make a manual calculation. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. you can have the schedule report this.Schedules . To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. click the schedule name. 3. 2. Notice how the schedule has changed. in this case). The schedule still does not show totals by window type. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. In order to calculate the total number of windows. for Sorting/ Grouping. On the Properties palette. clear Itemize Every Instance. click Edit. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . in the Then By sorting field. 4. select Level. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In the Project Browser. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.

and Totals. click Edit 7. On the Properties palette. Count.5. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Schedules s 361 . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. From the list. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. In this exercise. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.rvt. for Sorting/ Grouping. The totals for each window type now display. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Title. 6. select Footer. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.

You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Open ADA_Room_Tags. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Locate the file named Room Tag. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 3. 4. On the Home tab.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. based on the amount of space in each room.rvt. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. floor type. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.Schedules . Click Open. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. In this exercise. occupancy. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 2. 5. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. ceiling type. Room size. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. click Room > Room. Room & Area panel. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.

On the Home tab. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 6. a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. click Room > Room Separation Line. Schedules s 363 . Click Modify to terminate the placement. and in the hall as shown. 8. 7. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector.

Schedules . s Click the Room text. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. s Change the word Room to Manager. On the Room & Area panel. 13. An edit box activates. Click Modify. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The area value for Room 7 updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 10. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The room tag updates. 11. Select Room #2. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. click Room.9. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 12.

In this exercise. 15. for Name.rvt.14. enter Sales. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects. On the Properties palette. s Added a room separation. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Schedules s 365 . you: s Loaded a room tag. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.

Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Create a Room Schedule 1. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. enter Square Footage Report. Create panel. The completed exercise 5. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. In the Available Fields pane. 4. 3. For Name. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. and Area to be included in your schedule. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. On the View tab. Set the Sort By value to Number. 2. Click OK. Click Add--> after each selection. 6. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Schedules .rvt. select Number. Name. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list.

Change the Heading to No. 8. Highlight the Number field. Highlight the Area field.7. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. Select Grand Totals. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 9. 10. clear Use Project Settings. Schedules s 367 . Click the Formatting tab. In the Format dialog box. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Click OK. s Set Alignment to Right.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.rvt. you: s Created a room schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise.Schedules . Save as Unit9_room_schedule.11. 12.

Double-click it to open it. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. you export the room schedule to a text file. Click OK. Click Save. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Browse to a directory to save your report. Using your Windows Explorer. Schedules s 369 . 3. You can then use this file in other applications. 4. locate the file you created. 5. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 2. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Note the formatting that has been applied. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.txt) file. 6. The file is created. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. On the application menu. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.rvt.

8.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Close the text file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. In this exercise. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.

c. a. Type b. False 4. False Summary/Questions s 371 . True b. True b. 2. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Questions 1. you learned to: s Create a schedule. What is a schedule table? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. b. Instance 3. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Quantity c. None of the above. s Reformat a schedule. A list of sheets used in a project. s Load a schedule tag. d. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Matrix d. s Export a schedule. a. s Place a schedule tag.

use the ____ . a. View c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . CSV d. Manage tab 3. Home d. Annotate tab b. a. XLS c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Modify 2. TXT b.Schedules . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. View tab c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To export a schedule. Annotate b. Application menu d.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. Lesson Plan 1. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 2. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Review Visualization.

s Add planting components. s Play a walkthrough. s Place a camera. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. After completing this lesson. Technology. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Finally. s Assign materials. you create a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. s Export a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Apply shading to a view. Engineering. or camera on a path. Math (STEM). s Create and edit a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. courseware datasets. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. s s 2. Open Unit2_custom_family. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. s Make a camera view the active view. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design.rvt. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on animations. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. To prepare your model for rendering. Assign materials. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.

Select any exterior wall. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls. 6. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.Visualization . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. If you do not see any change in the wall display.3. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 5. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The wall display updates. Right-click. Stud. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls now display layers of materials.

Select Site: Grass. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. you can: s s s 9. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 8. Open the Default 3D view.7. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select the toposurface object. Click OK. Right-click. Click Change wall's orientation. Repeat the process for the windows. On the Properties palette. Select walls. In addition to using the control arrows. 10. Visualization s 377 .

Select the file name.rvt. Export the Model to FBX 1. Note the file location. select Autodesk (*. Open 3ds Max Design. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 12. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. for Files of type. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. On the application menu. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 3. Depending on your system resources. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. On the application menu. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Save the file as Unit10_Export.11. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.FBX). and click Open. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. you have completed this exercise. click Import > Import. In the Select File to Import dialog box. This will filter the file list.Visualization . Select the Roof. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. click Export > FBX. 2. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.

4. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. you have completed this exercise. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.rvt. 3. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Visualization s 379 . click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. open Unit10_Export. Close the file without saving. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. If necessary. Depending on your system resources. There is no way to update it from Revit. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Note the file location. 2. Open or return to Revit. click Next. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Export the Model to DWG 1.

The file opens in 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. click File.rvt. In the File Link Manager . On the application menu.4. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the file name.max. click References > File Link Manager. 6. 9. click Attach This File. 5. Click Open.Visualization . Open 3ds Max Design. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Select two windows as shown. Close the File Link Manager. 7. If necessary. Open or return to Revit. 8.

Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. On the application menu. 12. Open the 3D view.10. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. The windows have updated. 13. In the dialog box. Visualization s 381 . 11.

s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed. Open the File Link Manager. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. 15. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. In this exercise. Open the Files tab.14. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Oriented walls and windows. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Click Reload. s Close the File Link Manager.Visualization . s Changed a material definition. The linked file updates. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open or return to 3ds Max Design.

The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Create panel. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. add plantings to the model. If you place the camera too close to the model.rvt. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view. 2. change materials. Open Unit10_Export. as shown. Place a Camera 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. 3. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. On the View tab. click Camera. In this exercise. you place a camera in a model. generate a rendering. and create a second rendering.

5. select Very Few Clouds. The camera will be visible. Return to the perspective view. If necessary. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . On the View Control Bar. Render Setup 1. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. s s s s Open a floor plan view. click Show Rendering Dialog. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 2. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Right-click. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Click Show Camera. 7. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Open the Site view again.4. The camera perspective view opens. 6.

Visualization s 385 . Accept the default settings for Quality. 3. Open the Site view. click Site Component. Open view 3D View 1. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. s Click Render to create a new rendered image.3. Enhance the Model 1. Output Settings. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.30' approximately as shown. Click Render. On the Massing & Site tab. and Lighting. 2. Model Site panel. s Click Render.

4. On the Properties palette.Visualization . Change Materials 1. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box. Select the roof.Wood Shake. 6. click Edit Type. 5. In the Rendering dialog box. click Save to Project. Select an exterior wall. and you can now select elements for editing. 5. On the Properties palette. In the Layer 1 Material field. 2. select Roofing .4. 3. Revit places the image in its own view. Click Edit in the Structure field. The model displays in the view. click Show the Model. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Materials list. In the Save to Project dialog box. click OK.

Click the Render Appearance tab. 7. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Visualization s 387 . 9.10. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click Replace.

Save the file as Unit10_render. s Edited materials in model components. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. click Render.11. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Select Masonry . 14. In this exercise. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Generated and captured a render image.rvt. s Created a raytrace setup. 15.Visualization . These images are now available as options to present to a client. The new image is placed in its own view. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. Click OK. 13. 12. s Generated and captured a second render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 16. In the Rendering dialog box.

or walkthroughs. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click. click 3d View > Walkthrough. To place a key frame. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Create panel. 3. 4. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. click to the left of the model as shown. The camera and path can be edited. s Right-click again. s On the View tab. In this exercise. rendered. 2. and exported individually.rvt. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Click Zoom to Fit. s Edit the camera and path. s View the animation in a media player. Click Zoom Out (2x). The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Open floor plan view Level 1.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Each view. in a project model. Visualization s 389 . Open Unit10_render. or frame.

10. 8. 9.5. so that the camera is pointing at the model. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.Visualization . 7. The Options Bar changes. click Finish Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. click Edit Walkthrough. Repeat for all the key frames. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. Drag it to the left. 11. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Walkthrough panel. 6. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the direction control for the camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The camera is located on the final key frame.

13. From the Controls list. 3. The path displays control dots at key frames. Edit the Walkthrough 1. click Next Key Frame. Drag the path away from the model as shown. On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open. select Path. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Check the view in several key frames. Click Edit Walkthrough. If camera positions distort. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.12. 2. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Visualization s 391 . The camera is too close to the model to show it well.

The walkthrough plays in the view window. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 2. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Revit generates the external AVI file. File Name. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 3. click OK. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 2. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click Save. notice where you save the file. On the application menu. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. In the Video Compression dialog box. Click Play. Click OK. In the Length/Format dialog box.Play the Walkthrough 1. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 4. Export the Walkthrough 1.Visualization .

Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. 6. Double-click the new file name. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. such as shaded or rendering.5.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.7. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.Visualization . In this exercise. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . save the Revit Architecture file. s Edited the path. s Played the animation file in a media player. If you have made changes to the building model.

s Orient walls and windows. Split b. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. True b. False Summary/Questions s 395 . To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Print to File b. True b. Align c. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. a. Flip Orientation d. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. you use: a. s Assign materials. s Place a camera. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export a DWG file. View > Shading d. a. Save As > FBX c. Demolish 2. s Apply shading to a view. Export > FBX 3. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Export a walkthrough. you use: a. a. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. s Export an FBX file. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. and braces. 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. In the following exercises. Review structural columns. 4. 3. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 2.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. beams. Lesson Plan 1. beams and braces. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. you learn how to place structural columns. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. beam systems.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .

posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and other structural elements will be located in a building.Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 .

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. especially columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.Structural . Knowing where structural members.

and Language Arts. Place beam systems and braces. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. Create column grids. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Structural s 401 . After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Technology.

You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Select a floor. wood. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. 1. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. In this exercise. In residential construction. Open Deck Framing. or concrete. Structural columns can be steel. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. wood. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Hide Category.Structural . The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. On the View Control Bar. beams can be steel. As with columns. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. often mainly glass. On the Build panel of the Home tab. click Column > Structural Column. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. this is known as post and beam construction. 2. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. or reinforced concrete. spans without walls. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 3. Beams connect columns or walls. They come in types defined by size and shape. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck.

5. Structural s 403 . and 4B. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 6. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. click Depth. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 8. In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. On the View Control Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 7.4. 3A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties.

Click OK. In the Project Browser. Place Beams 1. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. and columns clearly. 2. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. 11. 10. double-click view Framing Cutaway.9. Click Hide In View > Element.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Right-click. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click OK. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click off the columns to clear your selection set.

s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.3. select Chain. Structure panel. In the Type Selector. click Beam. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. On the Structure tab. Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Options Bar. 4. 5.

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.Structural . 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. On the Properties palette.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6. Click Modify. 7.

Click OK. click Beam. Structure panel. On the Properties palette. 9. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structural s 407 .8. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. as shown. click Make Wall Bearing. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. In this exercise. Click Modify. 12. If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click on grid intersection B4. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 11.rvt.

A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 3.rvt. 2. click Sketch Beam System. In this exercise. The completed exercise 5. s Place braces. On the Structure tab. or number of beams in a bay. Place Beam Systems 1. click Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. This system saves time when preparing framing plans.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. Open Deck Beams. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.Structural . click No. you: s Place beam systems. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 4. distance. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click Pick Supports. Structure panel. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

click Line. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. as shown. 7. On the Draw panel. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Structural s 409 .6.

Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. On the Mode panel. click Pick Supports. click Create Similar. s 9.2". click Line.Structural . 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click Finish. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. On the Properties palette. 10. On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.6". click Finish (green check). s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s s s On the Draw panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. set Elevation to -0'-9". 11. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click the beam on Grid 2. s s On the Draw panel.8.

3. Structural s 411 . Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the View tab. 5. Create panel. unlike regular elevations. 4. as shown. In the Project Browser. On the Structure tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. 2. Structure panel. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. click Brace. It has an automatic work plane. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the View Control Bar.Place Braces 1. Click to place the elevation.

Structural . 8.6. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the view window. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat the brace going right to left. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 9. to start the brace. Click Modify. 7. In the Type Selector.

Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure. In this exercise. 11.10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. s Placed braces. you: s Placed beam systems.

You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Pull the cursor straight up. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Datum panel. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s s In the view window. elevation. but they can also be angular and radial. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. beams. This is a common step early in designing a large building. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. The numbering automatically increments. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grid datasets. and section views. The exact location is not critical. and walls. In plan views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The exact length is not critical. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. as shown. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. In this exercise. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views.Structural . You can change a grid number at any time. click Grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. 2.

Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".3. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The Grid tool is still active. 4. Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. Structural s 415 .

Pull the cursor to the left. close to the heads. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Grid 3 is already the selection set. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat to create grid line 4. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s Select Grid Line 2. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Press ENTER. 7. The new grid line will be number 3. 6. Enter A at the keyboard. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. The new grid line is number 5. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Click to start a grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. click Copy. Pull the cursor to the right. Press ENTER. click to place the grid line.Structural .5. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid.

Change the number to 2.1 is still selected. 11. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This completes the main grid. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Structural s 417 .1. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. 9. 10. Grid 2. s Click Copy.8. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. s Click to place the grid line. On the grid line. This grid line will be number B. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Select grid 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. The Grid tool is still active.

select Center-Ends Arc. click Radius. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Options Bar. In the Radius field. Click in the new grid bubble.000 o . set Offset to 15'-0". The Grid tool is still active.Structural . Press ENTER. click Grid. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Click to place the grid head. enter 15. On the Draw panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Change the number to EE. Create panel. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Home tab. s s Click grid intersection D3. 4. Zoom to Fit. On the Options Bar. s Click to start the grid line.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Draw panel. 3. click Pick.

Structural s 419 . Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. You will need to identify it easily. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 7. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click to place grid FF. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.5. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Drag it down below the radial grids.

Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.8. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Create Similar. Revit will create grid 32. Enter 31 to change the name. s Click grid intersection D3. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.Pick Axis. s Select grid 31. click Mirror . 11. Press ENTER. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s In this exercise. Click in the new grid bubble. 9. Zoom to Fit.rvt. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.000. s Select grid 3. Click to place the grid line. s 10.

In this exercise. As a result. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. This is a steel column. 2. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. click Column > Structural Column. s Change a grid layout. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Structure panel. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Open ADA_Grids-complete. you: s Use a column grid to place columns.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. In the Type Selector. s Use a column grid to place beams. you typically create a grid. s 3. s Add footings to columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural s 421 .

set Height to Level 3. C and D. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. 4. click At Grids. A.s s On the Options Bar. 4. In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 6. 2. B. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 3. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 5.Structural .

Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Structural s 423 . click On Grids. columns. and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. Zoom to Fit. Window-select all the grid lines. Click Grid 1. 3. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 2. On the Multiple panel. click Beam. 4. click Finish. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 5. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. The grid.

On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. click Undo. click At Columns. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Isolated. Click Redo. Columns and beams will move to the right. 2. click Finish. On the Multiple panel. On the Quick Access toolbar. click No. 3.Structural .Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Open the Default 3D view. 4. 6. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 1. In the view window. window-select all the columns.

Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Click OK. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 6. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Structural s 425 . To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. A warning displays. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. in the Type Selector. The footing changes size.5. The footing had been placed at Level 1. To change the size of the footing. s On the Properties palette. 7. Select the footing at the base of the extended column.

s Used a column grid to place beams. s Added footings to columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Used a column grid to place columns.Structural . s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise.8. Save and close the file.

s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. spans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

using formulas based on physics.Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

Questions 1. All of the above. s Add footings to columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Change a grid layout. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Use a column grid to place columns.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place beam systems. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Brace c. 2. Column b. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. True b. s Place braces.

All of the above. you use: a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Use grid lines and grid intersections. c.Structural . Stretch b. d. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. When placing columns or beams. b. 3. 2. Pick points. Flip Orientation d. Select the type of beam or column to place. Properties c. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. If you relocate a grid line. True b. c. d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. False 4. you: a. a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. 5. True b. A and B. To change the height of a column. To create a beam system. A but not B. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. you can: a.

Randy Dymond. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Susan Harrington . International Technology Education Association www.Instructor. Copyright s 431 . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. CA Ronald A Williams.Teacher. PE .org Project Lead the Way.Director. Inc. Mathematics.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Poway.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Smith . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Poway High School. Milwaukee. South Division High School. WI Roger Dohm .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Ltd. Starkweather .Executive Director.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .iteaconnect.

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