Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

intersections. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.When sketching walls. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. the display shows editable distances and angles. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

windows. and 3D views. Other building elements such as doors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. stairs. floors. section. roofs. You can add building elements in plan. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . furniture. elevation. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.

the other will move as well. In the illustration shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.While components are being sketched. If one is moved. or at any time after. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the two illustrations shown.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence.Software Tools .

s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Place a predefined Mass family. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Constrain placement of objects. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. This lesson relates to science. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Math (STEM). s Use the In-Place Mass tool. and Language Arts. Technology. engineering.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology.

Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. such as distance requirements from roadways. roofs. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. A designer. or masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. There are mass families available to load into a project. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. and then converted into building components such as floors. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. owner. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. walls.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. quickly. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and curtain systems. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. size. you can create in-place masses.Software Tools . The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . and curtain systems by selecting faces of. walls.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. roofs. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotation includes text notes. and symbol heads. technology. Technology. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. engineering. legends. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and Language Arts. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 .Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Explain the use of dimensions. and math standards. tags. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Recognize temporary dimensions.

24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y. and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

the Type Selector. Engineering. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Options Bar. s Work with tool buttons. Math (STEM). s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. engineering.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Software Tools . s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. This lesson relates to science. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Technology. and math standards. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. and Language Arts.

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. beams. Some commands will not be active (that is. and rooms. Its position is fixed. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Display and Navigation s 31 . The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. doors. for instance. windows.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. braces. columns. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. slabs. structural walls. Display and Navigation s 33 . detailing. and text. and foundations.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. symbols. trusses.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.Software Tools . and parameters. Context tabs display as you work. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste. materials. and inquiry.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save.Software Tools . Open. Print. and Close.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. sheets. and groups. Legends. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. schedules. families.Software Tools . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. shadow display. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. A check mark indicates it is visible. To toggle the Project Browser on/off.Software Tools . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. cropping. visual style. View Control Bar View scale. level of detail. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Windows panel on the ribbon. rendering (in 3D views). and a selection filter counter at the far right end. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. sun settings.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 .

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line is the default.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. Display and Navigation s 47 . The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes.

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It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

along with other display settings. enabling you to select them. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools . These controls. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.

Annotate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Massing & Site. Manage and Modify. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Nine tabs are available: Home. Display and Navigation s 55 . To activate or open a view. Collaborate. Insert. View. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Structure. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.

Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

If you select items in the view window. the Options Bar may display below it. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. When a context tab is active. showing options that you can select while you are working. Options Bar. a context tab opens on the ribbon.Context Tabs. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the application menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Close only appears on the application menu. File Save. such as File Open.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and Publish. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Print. Display and Navigation s 65 . Export. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Click a file name to open that file. The application menu contains file management controls. New File.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

make the Home tab active. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The panel titles display under the tab titles. 2. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. or click New > Project from the application menu. Display and Navigation s 67 . The completed exercise 4. If you select the menu option. Do this for other tabs. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. To start a new project. On the ribbon. After you have examined each of them. 3. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.

They disappear when you move the cursor away. you opened a project file. 7. and then viewed. In this exercise. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display.Software Tools .5. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Cycle Through All. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Close the file without saving. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.

The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Display and Navigation s 69 . Exercise 2. Open quick_start_building_elements. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. In the Project Browser. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in Getting Started.rvt. doubleclick the view name. 2.

70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. You are selecting everything visible. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. and windows highlight blue. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click Filter panel > Filter. 5. all the walls. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. doors.3. 8. 6. Click any interior wall. 4. 7. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click the door in the upper left of the model. On the Properties palette. . Clear Walls and Doors. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type.Software Tools .

12. On the Properties palette. you opened a project file. On the Modify | Doors context tab. In this exercise. click Create panel > Create Similar. Display and Navigation s 71 . Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list.9. 11. examined the menus and toolbars. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. 10. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Click any door. Place a door as shown.

drafting views. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Math (STEM). building elements (walls. Component families include model objects (furniture. You can create sections. Pan. s Create a new in-place family. floors). and elevation views by default. In the exercises. s Work with Revit families. display controls. operating settings. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. mechanical equipment). Engineering. schedules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Technology. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. lines. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. annotations. either predefined or user-created. s Load and place component families. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects.Software Tools .Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. System families include levels. Revit provides floor plan. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. and Language Arts. and 3D views using the View menu. templates. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. ceiling plan. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom.

This lesson relates to science. and math standards. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering.

The elevation markers disappear from the view. Use your keyboard to enter VV. even a small one. Four elevation markers are visible. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.Exercise: View Controls A building model. First. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.Software Tools . There is no way to see everything in it. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. is an extensive database. Clear the check mark next to Elevations.rvt. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visibility 1. 2. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Right-click. Open Unit2_building_elements. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 3. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. VG also opens the dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. The display changes.

select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 7. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . so be sure to select them both. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click Open. Enter ZF. Click Zoom In Region. Zoom to Fit.4. 5. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. There are two parts to an elevation. Select Detail Level: Medium. Right-click. In the Project Browser. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Right-click. On the View Control Bar. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Select the roof outline. click Detail Level. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. 6. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined.

Click Zoom to Fit. 2. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Enter VH. change the Underlay value to None. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. View Properties 1.Software Tools . You simplify it into a Roof Plan. as before. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Turn off visibility of the elevations. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Properties palette. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window.8. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. doors and windows are not shown. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.

Set the cut plane value to 7' . Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . click Edit. For Name. and where the cut plane sits. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. enter Roof. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. 4. Click OK. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.0". Next to View Range. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof.3. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click Rename. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. the ridge is now visible.

Set the time to 9:30 am. under Solar Study. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Presets list. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Winter Solstice. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 3. select Still. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Accept the location that activates. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Open Elevation view South. 4. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shading with Edges. In the dialog box that opens. select Shadows On. 5. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen.Software Tools . 2.Graphic Display Options 1.

Working with Views and Objects s 79 . The elevation shadows update. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rvt. 6.

rvt. furniture). floors. windows. lights. and so on. You add closet doors to interior walls. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. and annotations are examples of standard families.Software Tools . standard families. 3. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. furniture. railings. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. and use a Revit family to place a door. is predefined within Revit. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. or institutional structures. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. load. and families in place. and furniture. commercial. On the Home tab. Doors. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. such as levels. Open Unit2_views. 2. and floors. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. you open an existing project file. Doors are considered standard family entities. In Revit. and place Revit families. except they are fully parametric and table-driven.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. walls. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Build panel. s A system family. or stand-alone (for example. roofs. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Additionally. windows. These components are called families and there are several different types. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click Door. doors and windows are dependent on walls). objects can be defined as hosted (for example. There are system families. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1.

rfa. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Family files have a file extension of *. As you move your cursor near any wall. Click Open. The Door Insertion tool stays active. If you highlight a door family. Furniture.rvt. Tag panel. Locate Double Panel 2. s s 6. and Annotation. On the Modify | Place Door tab. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Project files have a file extension of *. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. 5.rfa. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 4. Click the Doors folder. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. You click to place an instance of the door family. Accept the default size. It has a number of different sizes defined.

Place two more instances of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. simply click it. 8. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. loaded. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. you located. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. but not strongly. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 9. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt. Place an instance of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family.Software Tools . To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.7.

5. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. and create an in-place family. The required width is not available.rvt. 4. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Select the double door as shown.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. you open an existing project file. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 2. Open Unit2_doors_walls. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. This door needs to be 48" wide. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 3. click Duplicate. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.

4. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. On the Properties palette. click Component > Model In-Place. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. In the dialog box. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. select Generic Models. Click OK. 2. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. enter Hall Clock. 1. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings.6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. For Name. Build panel. 3. The door updates. 5. On the Home tab. Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80").Software Tools . is to create a component family in place. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment.

Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Revit will display . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.rvt. 13. 10. In this exercise. 8. You have created the base of the clock. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . The exact dimensions and location are not critical.4" as shown.6. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.2". Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 12. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.0' 2". as shown. 7. and placed a door family. Click OK. 9. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). click Rectangle. On the Draw panel. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded. The family model updates. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. you located. 11. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law.

Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. True b. False 5. Either a or b. d. s Access. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. load. Each project has several predefined views. Create a 3D perspective view. s Open different views. tab. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. False 2. To activate a view: a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. 7. b. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. d. and click Open. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Change view properties. Zoom to the entire model. True b. b. c. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b. and place a family from a library. True b. depending on the template selected. s Change type properties of a family. b. a. s Create an in-place model family. d. Right-click. Views can be renamed. Questions 1. Turn on Shadows. 6. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom in Region is used to: a. The tool shown is used to: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 4. a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. All content tools are located on the ribbon.Software Tools . s Change view displays. Spin the model in 3D space. a. False 3. a. c. context tabs. and Options Bar. c.

Rotate c. In-Place d. A family created within a project is called ________________. Multiview b.) are called: a. Standard b. Families 11. All of the above.8. Blocks c. Parts d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Pan and Zoom b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Scroll d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. a. depending on settings 9. System c. windows. Project Browser d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Properties palette 10. etc. Graphics Display Options dialog box c.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Set project units. s Duplicate and modify views. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 2. 5. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 3. s Create labels. s Create dimension and text styles. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create dimensions and text. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 7. 6. s Create a project template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. Review Revit Architecture setup. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 .

org. Math (STEM). The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Visit the AIA website at www. should be used. Engineering. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. linetypes. and Language Arts. Visit the AIAS website at www.aia. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. After completing this lesson. defining the layers.org.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. linetypes. colors. Technology. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. based on the AIA standards. and so forth. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Many cities and counties have their own rules. and the settings that are preset within them.Standards and Building Codes .aias. Explain why templates are used. colors.

and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology.

like mechanical drawing. it must have at least one door. the number being its numerical value. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. and so on. a common area (such as a living room or family room). one window. otherwise it is considered a carport. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. A unit is a particular physical quantity. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. a garage. If there is a fire. and so on. If it lacks any of these components. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . it cannot be called a bedroom. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. windows. and one closet. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. A garage must be completely enclosed. For example.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design.Standards and Building Codes . Drawing Units Architectural drawing. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. doors. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. defined and adopted by convention. a bathroom.

. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Here h is the physical quantity. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. using imperial units. the construction industry still uses the English. is 169 m. units are applied to dimensions. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. is 555 ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large.For example. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. or imperial. and other materials. in the United States. unit symbol ft. glass. its value is expressed in the unit meter. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. In architectural drafting.. also known as the International System of Units. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. However. unit symbol m. such as room size and wall height. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Another method is to apply dual notation. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555.

and viewports.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".) 8. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. In Revit Architecture.Scales are ratios. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. line weight and pattern.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H).Standards and Building Codes . every 1/8" would represent 1'. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . for example 1/8" = 1'-0". sheets. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). Each size is designated by a letter. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. one value representing another value. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.

temporary Schedules Sections. elevators. symbols. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. site plan. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. notes Demolition.a modified version of the AIA standard. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and then add a title block or other symbols. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. You create and position views. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. The integers go from 0 to 9. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .01. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01.

The paper is oriented landscape. The column is divided into sections. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. For example. The next space is for tracking revisions. the HVAC company. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. and layer standards. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. fonts. and other relevant information. the date drawn. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.Standards and Building Codes . Templates are usually preset with drawing units.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. annotation plot sizes. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. and so on. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the electrician. Usually. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. drawing scales. that is. the author of the drawing. so that the height is less than the width. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. followed by information on the building's owner. Typically. The final sections are for the sheet title and number.

in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . title blocks. dimension and text styles.

Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and walls. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Math (STEM). windows. views. These can be used to build your model. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. dimension styles. Engineering. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.

engineering. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

or store. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. 3. you create a new project file using a template. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Condominiums. On the application menu. factory. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. apartments. In the New Project dialog box. click New > Project.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. In Revit. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Open Revit to an empty project file. click Browse.Standards and Building Codes . you use templates as starting points. 2. Select a Template 1.

Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Settings s 103 . Click OK. In this exercise. 6. saving set up time. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.4. click Close to close this project without saving.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Select the Residential-Default. Click Open. 5. you started a new project file using a standard template. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. On the application menu.

click Wall. The Wall tool remains active. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Pull the cursor to the right. In the courseware datasets folder. the drawing setup options are preset. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. 3. open ADA__Settings.Standards and Building Codes . You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.rvt. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. 2. Click to start a new wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Project Browser. In this exercise. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Build panel.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The file opens to a 3D view. expand Floor Plans under Views.

(The keyboard shortcut is UN. click to start a new wall. In this exercise. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 5. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. and move the cursor right. Click Format for Length. Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.) 6. Place the cursor over the left wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Close the file without saving. Settings s 105 . 8. 7.4. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. s Set Unit symbol to m.

In the Type Properties dialog box. create. For Name.rvt. enter Big Text. 3. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . there are two types of dimensions. dimensions not only display. but also control the size and location of objects. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. On the Properties palette. 4.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. By default. or insert components. 1. Open ADA_Dimensions. click Aligned. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2. click Duplicate. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. On the Annotate tab.Standards and Building Codes . Temporary dimensions display when you select. click Edit Type. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Dimension panel. temporary and permanent. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.

Click to place. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Click OK twice. Settings s 107 . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 7. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Select the top. s Set Text Size to 3/16".5. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". left. The Dimension tool is still active. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. and bottom horizontal walls. 6.

8. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . s s s Select the far left. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. you opened an existing file. created a new dimension style. upper. In this exercise. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. The Dimension tool stays active. Close the file without saving. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. 9. and far right vertical walls. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Click to place the dimension.

2. 3. Settings s 109 .rvt. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In the Project Browser. Right-click.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In order to do this. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. There are no annotations visible. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Notice the door and window tags. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In the datasets folder. These are annotations. and the view window displays the new plan. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.

click Project Information. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. On the Manage tab. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 6. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 5. Settings panel. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 8.4. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click OK to update the display of this view. 1. 7.Standards and Building Codes . Model Categories tab. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click Rename. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 9. Click OK. In the Project Browser. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Double-click to open it. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV.

The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Enter the address as shown. 2. You can also enter the address of your school. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. highlight the title block displayed in the list. 2. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. In the Value column of Project Address.Add a Sheet 1. Settings s 111 . You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. 3. Click OK. Rightclick. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click New Sheet.) 3. Click OK. click Edit.

change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Add a View to the Sheet 1. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Click Apply. Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.Standards and Building Codes .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .4. 5. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Notice the change to the title block.

You see the view at the end of your cursor.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Select the new viewport. 2. Select Deactivate View. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click in the view. 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 4. Click Activate View. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Settings s 113 . Right-click.

Standards and Building Codes . you: select it. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. deselect it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet.5. Place the cursor 7. s Added a sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Close the file without saving. The Scale updates in the title block. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The view updates on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . of the sheet. Finish the move. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6.

Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. It opens to the Recent Files window. 4. 3. 2. click New > Titleblock. Settings s 115 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. This is one of the longer exercises. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).5 title block template opens. Select A-11x8. Click Open. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.rft. Start Revit Architecture. A copy of the 11 x 8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5. On the application menu.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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14. 11. s Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. On the Quick Access toolbar. click Save to save the title block. Click Zoom to Fit.rfa.9. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Save the title block as A . you created a title block using a template file. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 13. In this exercise. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. click Close.Standards and Building Codes . Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. select Drawn By. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Add a label for Checked By. Your teacher may specify another location. s Click Add. Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Sheet Number. 12.Landscape. 10. 15.

In the Recent Files window. Locate your title block. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. and then load a custom title block into your project. you create a new project file. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 4. Insert a Title Block 1. 2. Highlight the title block and click OK. Settings s 125 . A new sheet has been added and is the current view.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Your title block is now displayed in the list. click New to create a new project using the default template. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. On the View tab. 3. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 5. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. The title block appears in the graphics window.

4. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. In this exercise. enter Student Project Unit 3. click Project Information.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. On the Manage tab. Click OK. Click OK. you a created a new project file. 6. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Settings panel. Select the title block. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. s For Checked By. On the Properties palette. 3. Click OK. enter your name. enter your instructor's name. s For Drawn By. 5. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Issue Date label on the title block is updated.Standards and Building Codes .Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.

Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Create a Template In this exercise. and geometry from the template. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. angles. you create a new project file. There are various settings you can define for your template. including how the rendered image looks. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. 1. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. 2. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. settings.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. In this exercise. On the Insert tab. On the application menu. and then load them like families. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. you define the title block. click New > Project. and the units for your custom template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. such as 3D and plan views. In the New Project dialog box. select Project Template. a dimension style. and slope angle. s Families: Load in families you use most often. in addition to predefined wall types. 3. Click OK. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project.

You create a custom dimension style. Click OK twice. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Open the title block A . Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. For Name.Landscape. 9. There will be no visible change. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Type Properties dialog box.4. On the Manage tab. Set the units for the template. Next. 10. 5. 8. click Duplicate.rfa. enter 3/16" Verdana. 7. On the Annotate tab. 6. Click the Length field in the Format column. click Settings panel > Project Units. create a Dimension Style.

On the Properties palette. Click OK. Settings s 129 . enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click New Sheet.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Change the following settings as shown: 13.11. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Rightclick. 12. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Click OK. Select the A . select Sheets (All). 14. In the Project Browser. 15.

Save the file name as A-English template. In this exercise. you created a new template file using a dimension style.rte. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . as well as dimension style and units. You can use this template for future projects. Save your project template in your class project folder. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. 17. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. and units that you defined. title block. Click OK. The title block updates.16.Standards and Building Codes .

Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. or new combinations of existing materials. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .

defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . English c. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. is defined as what? a. s Create a dimension style. s Create a template. NCSESA 2. False 3. A. A unit 4. Metric d. Using AIA Standards. s Create dimensions. NCTM d. P. 1:24 d. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Change lineweight. True b. AIA b. General Questions 1. dimension styles.05 c. A particular physical quantity.Standards and Building Codes . s Create a title block. s Create a text style. S. 1:3 b. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. 1:12 c. a. s Create text. A. you learned to: s Set units in a file.02 d. a. UBC c. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create labels.02 b. 1:32 5. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Change dimension colors. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. An architect b.

To create a new sheet. False 6. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False Summary/Questions s 133 . title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Point offsets 3. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you click: a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Wall midpoints d. a. Wall centerlines c. a. In Revit Architecture. To change the scale of a view. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. dimensions snap to: a. True b. Application menu > Properties b. To set the units in a project. False 4. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. True b. By default. Application menu > New > Sheet b. you use: a. Wall faces b.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

6. 3.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Trim and extend walls. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 4. you will be able to: s Create a wall. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 5.

136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and protect its interior spaces. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. separate. List the different types of occupancy. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. After completing this lesson. or filling in between. them. their construction and materials. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.Walls .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. 5. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . As you continue to move the cursor.3. an angular dimension displays. indicating wall length. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. To modify a dimension. Click to set the endpoint. 4. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. It will not print. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Stud. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Walls s 151 . a dashed line displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Enter 10. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.Brick on Mtl. but it disappears when you begin another action. After you create the wall. the dimension updates incrementally. Clear the Chain option. Select the Single Line option. click it to open an edit field.

click Modify to stop placing walls. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Create panel. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the Modify | Walls tab. Set the Detail Level to Medium.6. The wall does not show any internal detail. enter 7. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Click the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click the Detail Level icon.Walls . On the View Control Bar. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. 7. Press ENTER. the controls may sit on top of one another. click Create Similar. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Depending on your zoom in the view. Click to start the next wall. Select panel. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. 8. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation.

When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. release the mouse button to set a new length. an alignment line displays. Click Modify. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. notice how the wall joins at the corner. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Walls s 153 . Select the right vertical wall. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Also. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. 10. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.9. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint.

Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This is the same as clicking Modify. Build panel. On the Home tab. Sketch the walls as shown. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.Walls . the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Right-click. Click Cancel. 14. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. click Wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 12. Repeat. When using the Chain option. Select Chain on the Options Bar.11. 16. 13. Select the lower vertical wall. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 15. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls.

Click Modify. Click Create Similar again. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.18. In this exercise. 19. 20. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. After clicking the second end. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Walls s 155 . 17. Click Zoom to Fit. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc.rvt. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Clear the Chain option.

4. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. This exercise illustrates how to split. Both split walls are shown below. Split Walls 1. To do this.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. Click Modify. You now remove the upper right corner. align. you first split the walls at the intersections.rvt from the previous exercise. The cursor changes to a razor blade. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. 2. and extend walls. fillet. trim. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown.Walls . Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. 3. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Only part of the wall highlights. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.

select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Enter 5'. Modify panel. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. click Create Similar.Fillet Walls 1. select Radius. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 4. Walls s 157 . If you make a mistake. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Options Bar. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Delete. Click Fillet Arc. 5. On the Modify | Walls tab. You can also click the flip control. Select any wall. Create panel. 3. 2. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. click Undo and repeat the steps.

select Basic Wall: Interior .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. You align the wall in the next steps. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1.Walls . 2. The Wall tool is still active. Place an interior wall as shown.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 3.

4. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. clear Chain. The length is not critical. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The Wall Trim Tool 1. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s On the Options Bar. Walls s 159 . s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

5. This will extend to the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 3. 4. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .s Move the cursor to the left and click. 2. The walls can cross. Select the two interior walls in turn. You can click Undo if you make a mistake.Walls . Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the vertical wall as shown. 6. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. The length is not critical. This will be the border.

align. and trim. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt. fillet. In this exercise. Walls s 161 .

double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 3. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. In the Project Browser. 2. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 1. satisfy different requirements. On the Properties palette. The Modify tool is active by default. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. click Edit Type.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. and vary in cost. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.Walls .

Add two additional layers to the wall. 6. s Select Finish 1 [4]. enter 8" Insulated Stud. For Name. except Core Boundary. Click OK. s Click the arrow at the right. 8. click Edit in the Structure value field. Click Insert twice. 5. s Click Up. Every layer of a wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To edit the structure of the wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. has a Function you can edit. Walls s 163 . The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. When you are finished. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 7.4. s Click Down twice. the wall structure should be as shown. s Click the number of Layer 3.

Walls . select Finishes . s Set the Material to Finishes . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Material. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 10. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 11. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Stud Layer. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".9. s Set the Material to Wood .Exterior . 12. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. which displays plan or section views.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 13. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Modify the Function. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Change the Layer Thickness to 2".

select the view name as shown to expose its properties. In the Project Browser. 15. On the Properties palette. 16. Walls s 165 . 17. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view.14. expand the Families branch. Click Apply to update the view. From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. select Medium. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls.

19. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. defined a new wall structure. From the Type Selector list. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 20.18. You opened an existing file. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Close the file without saving. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. In this exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click 8" Exterior. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.Walls .

and a decorated interior surface. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . for example. wood rails. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You can define a wall type with these elements. such as a weatherproof outside surface. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. 2. Select one of the Exterior . In this exercise. 3.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a structural mid-section. The model opens in a 3D view. Be sure to select the wall and not a window.Brick on Mtl. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Stud walls as shown.rvt.

or you will lose your changes. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. As indicated in the dialog box title. 6. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. 2. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. To define the structure of the wall. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure.4. To split a layer or region horizontally. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 8. You can split regions into other regions. If not already expanded. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. so all instances of this type change. When you split a layer. You change the type. click Edit. 7. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You can set the sample height to any value. highlight one of the borders. Wall structures are Type Properties. In this exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. To split a layer or region vertically.Walls . into regions. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. either horizontally or vertically. in the Structure value field. the new regions assume the same material as the original. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 1. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 5. Click Split Region. You can assign different materials to regions.

4. Click to merge them. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. since both regions are composed of the same layer. After merge. Click to merge the two layers. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . In this case. 3. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. assign Layer 1. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. When you merge regions. Click Merge Regions. Walls s 169 . Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click to split the region into two parts.3. 2. 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. The upper split disappears. Prehighlight a border between regions.

You create a new layer and assign it to a region. you assign the material Masonry Brick . You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. s Select the split line. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. instead of down. click Modify. Change the value to 12. The dimension text turns blue. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Click the arrow to observe the behavior.Walls . Click the temporary dimension text. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Click again to return to the original position. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. After a region is split. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 1. 1. Press ENTER. 2. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Next. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 3. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. To create a new wall layer. 2. to the next parallel line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 3. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click Insert. indicating that it is modifiable. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 4. If you set the split offset down from the top. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. In the Edit dialog box.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5.

Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 5. The preview changes appearance. Close the file without saving. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. It also shows a thickness value. 8. Modify. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. as shown. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. In this exercise. Walls s 171 . All walls of this type have been changed. Merge Region.Brick Soldier Course layer. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click OK.4. 7. Split Region. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 10. Click Assign Layers. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Change the Material to Masonry . 9. It immediately highlights in blue. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK. and Insert Layer tools. 6. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. because it is now the selected layer.Brick Soldier Course.

but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.Walls . 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and insulation.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and protected. earth. installed. piping. ducting. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Doors and Windows . Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building. the ventilation. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but also the natural lighting. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

The height can be no less than 24". must be provided by the window being used as an egress. the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq.Doors and Windows . 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . ft. if there is no other escape route. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.

Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. and Language Arts. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and copy these elements. you learn how to place doors and windows. and furniture are defined in family files. engineering. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. This lesson relates to science. s Center a door in a wall. s Copy windows. Technology. and math standards. Some families are loaded into each empty file. technology. Math (STEM). how to load additional door and window families.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. windows. In this unit. and how to position. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Doors and Windows s 187 . move.

2. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. When placing doors in a plan view. This can be done in a plan view. click Door. In other words. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.Doors and Windows . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. To reverse the swing. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Once a door is placed. Add Doors 1. the door swing would be to the left side. Build panel. elevation view. On the Home tab. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. 3. To flip the door. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. or 3D view.

select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". The display does not change. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.rfa. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. click Load Family. on the Modify | Place Door tab. except for the Type Selector. walls. From the Type Selector list. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. In order to keep file size small. 3. and windows into project files. Doors and Windows s 189 .Load Families 1. Click Open. 2. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. With the Door command active. Mode panel.

use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. From the Type Selector. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 5. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .4. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. If necessary. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.

simply click it and enter the correct value.6. or by using the swing control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. Place instances of single doors as shown. change a temporary dimension. If you place a door in the wrong location. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Remember. To Doors and Windows s 191 . You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.

Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.rvt.Doors and Windows .

2. Open Unit5_doors. click Window.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Windows have exterior and interior sides. or 3D view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. From the Type Selector. approach the wall from the right side. click Modify and select the window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. the outside of the window is to the left side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. When placing windows in a plan view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . You can place windows in a plan view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. elevation view. Add Windows 1. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. On the Home tab. Build panel. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. To face the outside of the window to the other side.

All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Window tags do not number in sequence. You do not need to add dimensions.rvt. you opened an existing project. Place seven more windows as shown. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.Doors and Windows . In this exercise.3. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . loaded a door family. 4. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. placed doors. and placed windows. 5.

Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. you open an existing project file. Do not be overly concerned where you place it.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. and so on. s Align and modify walls. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. wall. 2. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 .rvt. On the Annotate tab. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 3. Dimension panel. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. 4. click Aligned. 1. and modify the wall. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window.

the other wall will remain aligned. Click the center of the door. Select the upper wall first. Click the lock icon to enable it. Notice the symbol. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align.s s s s Click the left wall. The door changes location. 5. 2. Align Walls 1. Click it and it changes as shown.Doors and Windows . 6. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The walls are now aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

5. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Clear the EQ Display value. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Dimensions display below it. 3. Change the dimension to 16. Doors and Windows s 197 . Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. The walls shift and remain aligned.) The dimension value is now shown. Right-click.4. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.

Right-click.Doors and Windows .rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit. you placed a continuous dimension.6. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7.

you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. click Create Similar. 2. 4. On the Modify | Windows tab.rvt.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Doors and Windows s 199 . Select one of the windows located in the east wall. especially if there are many different types. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 1. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. In this exercise.

2. click Copy. The window is copied. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.Copy Windows 1. Modify panel. 3. The window will change appearance. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the window you just placed. 4. On the Modify | Windows tab.Doors and Windows .

Doors and Windows s 201 . Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.rvt.5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6. Right-click.

s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold. flat glass is a recent invention. The stability of glass in response to wind.Doors and Windows . heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

34" 4. If a room is used for sleeping. 28" b. a. True b. General Questions 1. s Place a window. 32" d. s Copy a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. a. s Position a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 2. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 32" b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 36" c. s Align a door or window. 40" d. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 30" c. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . Custom 3. Standard b.

False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Door Properties. To change the location of a door or window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Clone b. d. Select the door. Load from Library b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. A reference plane b. b. Link c. Use door grips to reposition. The center snap 7. Click Door Properties. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Properties 3. Door and window tags are placed automatically.Doors and Windows . The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To center a door or window in a wall. you use ________. a. b. Duplicate d. Click the appropriate blue arrows. c. you: a. Select the door. False 2. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. Copy 8. d. 4. Insert d. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. 6. Offset c. a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Right-click. a. Load c. True b. a. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. True b. you use: a. Select the door. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. False 5. c. Click Flip Direction.

4. (Student) Evaluate students. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create railings. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. Review stairs and railings. 5. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .

Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . After completing this lesson. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the different stair types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. stair and railing types.

Engineering. engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology. Math (STEM). and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Technology.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Once the actual riser height is determined. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings .

This saves space when changing direction. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Due to building code. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". but not more than 2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.

or vertical circulation.Stairs and Railings . You can define straight runs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. engineering. you will be able to: s Create stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. In multistory buildings. You create stairs in a plan view. s Add a railing. This lesson relates to technology. Engineering. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Technology. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. and stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and math standards. As you move the cursor. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Math (STEM). or tread. which includes elevators. U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. ramps. The riser and run values update accordingly. and spiral stairs. s Modify stairs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. For safety reasons. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing.

Zoom in Region to the lobby. Stairs and Railings s 217 . open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.rvt. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This file is in metric units. Before you create the stairs. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. From the courseware datasets folder. 3. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create stairs using a straight run. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. On the Properties palette.

On the Home tab. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. These tools are used to define your stairs. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. Run is preselected. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Circulation panel. 5.Stairs and Railings . This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. Click OK to close the dialog box.4. click Stairs. In this case. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). you create a straight run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. If you have not fully created the run. 7. Select this intersection point to start your run. You can also enter a distance of 4400. 10. Stairs and Railings s 219 . On the Mode panel. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. To change the run dimension. the run footprint stops expanding. As you move the cursor up. 8. 9. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. select Finish (green check).6. Revit displays the number of risers you created. and then click to define the run of stairs. You can continue to move the cursor up.

11. In this exercise. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. To avoid overwriting the original file.Stairs and Railings . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. click application menu > Save As > Project. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 13. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. 12. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. and switched to a 3D view. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.

You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Level 1. Edit panel. The stair is not centered on the landing. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Stairs and Railings s 221 . 2. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. click Align. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. On the Modify tab. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.rvt. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Activate view Floor Plans.

222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Align command remains active. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Click the center of the stairs. from the Prefer list. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. which is located at the center of the stairs. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. On the Options Bar. If you have a scroll mouse. You can rotate your model to get a better view.4.Stairs and Railings . You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the wall first. 5. Take time to make the selections correctly.

s For Name. expand Sections (Building Section). s Click OK. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. On the Properties palette. As you prehighlight them. Hover the cursor over the railing. In the Project Browser. Graphics. 7. 8. railings were created with the stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread.6. enter Lobby Stairs. On the Properties palette. Change Width to 1350. click Edit Type. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. 9. s Click Duplicate. Select the stairs. and Dimensions subsections. notice that stairs and railings are separate families.

Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Stairs and Railings . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Cherry s s Click Modify.10. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Lobby Stair View.

Click it to select it.12. The stair changes to the run sketch. 13. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . click Edit Sketch. Next. In the Type Selector. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. 14. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. The railings change. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Delete this line. s Zoom in on the stairs. Mode panel. you change the shape of the stairs. s Select the stairs (not a railing). expand the list of predefined railing types in the project.

click the left end of the top riser. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. On the Draw panel. Click to place the arc. 16. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To place the second arc endpoint. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 19. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s On the Modify panel. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Click Modify. click Boundary. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.Stairs and Railings . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 17.15. 18.

select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. the arc center point. The left boundary will be mirrored. click Riser. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the right boundary. For the third point. Click CenterEnds-Arc.21. On the Draw panel. This will define a rounded first step. 20. Next. Click to exit the Mirror command.

In this exercise. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt. click Finish. you modified stair properties and boundaries. 23. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.22.Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results. On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. In this case.rvt from the previous exercise. 3. s s Sketch a Railing 1. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. This is typically done in plan view. you sketch the plan view path. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. The completed exercise To create a railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. For simple railings. Click Modify. Select the right side railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. 2. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Therefore. To make sure you are selecting the railing. you need to define a path for the railing.

Select Finish to exit the railing definition. on the Modify | Railings tab. To set the exact distance. You do not need to add dimensions.4. 7. select Chain. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. On the Draw panel. The dimensions are shown as a guide.Stairs and Railings . s s On the Options Bar. click Edit Path. 5. click Line. Once the railing is selected. edit the temporary dimension. Then. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 6. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Mode panel.

In this exercise. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete your lines and try again.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 9. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. 8. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

Create a Reference Plane 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. 2. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. In this exercise. Work Plane panel. s On the Options Bar. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.rvt from the previous exercise. s On the Home tab. In a floor plan view. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. the stairs appear as a U-shape. you create a reference plane.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. set the Offset value to 850.Stairs and Railings . Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

4. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 5. For Name. Click OK twice. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Matte 2. On the Home tab. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. 3. On the Properties palette.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 6. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Pull the cursor straight up. Circulation panel. click Stairs. Click OK. To start sketching the run. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . enter Exit Stairs. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Click Edit Type. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Dark Gray. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type.

Move the pointer to the right. 8.7. Press ENTER. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to finish the stair run.Stairs and Railings . enter 1925. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 9. with none remaining to be created. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Click to place the first run.

You want to inspect your stairs. Remove the additional lines. If you get an error message. On the Stairs panel. On the View Control bar.10. Select the two walls of the stair tower. 2. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. but they are hidden behind walls. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Use Hide/Isolate 1. click Finish Stairs. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Click Finish Stairs again. 11. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. it is because you have overlapping lines. To remove the lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. you select Continue to return the sketch.

This is a multistory stair.3. Reset the Display 1. you learned to create a reference plane. Finally. Select the stairs so they highlight. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 2. On the View Control Bar. The exterior walls reappear. On the Properties palette. 3. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 4. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 6. In this exercise. 5. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. and to create a U-shaped stair. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Zoom in to see your stairs.rvt.Stairs and Railings . you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The walls are now hidden. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.

escalators. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

Include landings as required by your local building code. smoke guards. this openness makes them fire hazards. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and deliver riders without wait time. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.Stairs and Railings . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. but they can also be highly decorative. They cost less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.

General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Create railings. 180 degrees 3. and all treads should be the same run. 40" 4. 45 degrees c. a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 36" d. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 25 degrees b. s Modify stair boundaries. b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 32" c. a. a. 30" b. 90 degrees d. True b. you learned to: s Create stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . True b. False 2.

Boundary lines. a. a. Fasten Railing 5. riser lines c. Modify c. risers b. Attach Railing c. Align Railing d. Run. To create railings on stairs without railings. Home b. a. Pick New Host b. you use the _______ option. Arc d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. riser d. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. risers and treads. Rectangle c. risers 3. True b. Line b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Insert 2. Railings.Stairs and Railings . Treads. a. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Circle 4. False 6. Manage d. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. that is.

(Student) 3. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 5. (Student) 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 11. Review of roof types. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. s Place fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place gutters. (Student) 7. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Evaluate Students. (Student) 10. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters.

and downspouts. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Identify the different roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. Calculate the rise. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. After completing this lesson. It addresses roof construction. and pitch of a sloped roof. tiles. run.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs.Roofs . roof types. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. gutters. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.

technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. About Roofs s 243 . s Rake: The inclined. Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

maintenance. maintenance. resistance to wind and fire. are designed for shedding water and snow. About Roofs s 245 . and if visible. These are used more often on upscale homes. durability. resistance to wind and fire. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and if visible. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. the roofing pattern. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. the roofing pattern. fire-resistant. rot. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and color. and sunlight. and low maintenance roofing material. durability. They come in several types. You can use them for many different applications. as well as how effective a shelter it is. texture. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. brands. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. texture. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and sun. resulting in at least one textured face. snow. both low and steep. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and colors. Sloped roofs.

s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and so forth). or corrugated structural glass. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. consider such factors as cost. reinforced plastic. choose a type that will suit your needs. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. durable. They are fire-resistant. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). In a house with a cathedral ceiling. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. zinc alloy. and insulating capability (R-value). odor.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern.Roofs . quality. Therefore. treatment for insects. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. galvanized steel. Unfortunately. This same roof on a clear. fiberglass. and require little maintenance. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . galvanized steel. special characteristics (for example. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . the requirements for underlayment.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. eave flashing.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. where as. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. run. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . the pitch is displayed as 1/12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. The run value is typically equal to 12. A number indicates the value of the rise. and span.

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.Roofs . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7-12.When designing a roof. 7 on 12.

you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Assign roof structure and materials. water. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. dormers. To create a roof by face. or ice. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Place gutters. soffits.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. or roof overhangs. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you can add gutters. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. and fascia. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. or eaves. Once you create a roof. s Create various roof types. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. Roofs s 255 . To create a roof by the extrusion method. snow. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. often supporting a gutter. s Create a roof fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Create a hip roof. you work with massing shapes and not building components.

technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards.Roofs . and Language Arts. Engineering. engineering. Technology. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

To create an extruded roof. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 2. Click OK to continue. you create an extruded roof.. 4.rvt. Open ADA_Roofs. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 3. In the Work Plane dialog box. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. select the Name option. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.

In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. Draw panel. click Ref Plane. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value.5. 3. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. select Section: Section 1. click Line. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 2. Drawing Reference Planes 1. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Go To View dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Before sketching the roof's profile. 4. 6.Roofs . You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. Click Open View. s Use the image below for guidance. On the Work Plane panel. The section view should display as shown.

Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click the EQ toggle. s Click Modify. Using a positive offset value. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using the image below for guidance.6. Roofs s 259 . 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Select the new dimension.

Click Modify. click Chain. 1. 3. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 7. Right-click. enter Horizontal. 6. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. for Name. you can label them. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. click Line.Roofs . 4. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. s On the Options Bar.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 5. Click OK. On the Properties palette. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The name displays when you select the reference plane. 2. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. On the Mode panel. click Finish (green check).

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view.12" type.8. Roofs s 261 .

This is a two-step process.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 2. 3. Using the images for guidance. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 1. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. On the Modify tab. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.Roofs . Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Edit Geometry panel.

4. open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Modify Wall panel. This will join the wall tops to the roof. 3. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select both walls. However. In the Project Browser. On the Options Bar. click Attach: Top/ Base. select Attach Wall: Top. To select both walls together. 2. Trim Walls 1. Select the roof. Roofs s 263 . hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn.

Roofs . Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.4. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 5. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. In this exercise. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.

and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Because you are in a 3D view. by Footprint. Unit7_first_roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. 1. select Garage Roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Build panel. Click Yes. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. a dialog box is displayed. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 4. From the drop-down list. The inner loops define openings in the roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. from existing walls. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. so you look straight down as in a plan. On the Home tab. 3.rvt. The footprint sketch is created at 2. In this exercise.

s On Options Bar. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. select the vertical wall on the left. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 6. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 8. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.0". 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 7. Use the image below for guidance.5. clear the Defines slope option. click Defines Slope.Roofs . Next. If you place a line on the wrong side. click Pick Walls.

Click Modify. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. When a roof line is set to slope defining. The new roof displays. Select the left slope defining line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. defining lines separately. Change this value to 6"/12". That value displays next to the slope arrow. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. 3. 1. Roofs s 267 . the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Other controls also display. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click the 9"/12" text. By default. It becomes an editable field. To complete the roof. 2. click Yes. click Finish. change the value to 6"/12". Select the right side roof line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value.

Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.4.rvt. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 5. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.Roofs .

Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. click to select them. On the Options Bar. On Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Roofs s 269 . 2. Clear Defines Slope. When all of the walls prehighlight. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint. To chain-select all of the walls. 4.rvt.

verify the 0' 0" Offset. Zoom into the chimney area.Roofs . On the Options Bar.Create a Roof Opening 1. 2. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 3. On the Draw panel. 4. click Rectangle. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. As an alternate. Using the image for guidance. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Right-click. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Add Slope Lines 1. Click Finish. Select the uppermost. select the Defines Slope. Roofs s 271 . select Defines Slope. 5. horizontal line. Select the left lower horizontal line. On the Options Bar. 4. The slope indicator displays. click Yes. 6. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Click Modify. As in the previous exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 2. 3. On the Options Bar.

7.Roofs . attached walls. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. and chimney penetration.

On the Options Bar. Build panel.0". set Overhang to 2' . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Zoom into the area shown. you create a hip roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Select the three walls shown in the image. Select Defines Slope. The completed exercise On the Home tab.rvt. Create the Roof 1. 2. 4. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 5. Roofs s 273 . 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.

In addition.Roofs . s s Clear Defines Slope. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .0". click Line. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 6. Raise the Roof 1. Right-click the ViewCube. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. s On the Draw panel. you use the Line tool. 3. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Click OK. Click Finish to complete the roof. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. On the Properties palette. 2. To close the roof sketch.7. Switch to a 3D View.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first. Roofs s 275 .

In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a hip roof using a footprint.2.rvt.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall.

5. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 3. 7. The file should open to a 3D view. Roofs s 277 . Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Clear Defines Slope. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. click Pick Walls. Create a Shed Roof 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 6. click Line. 2. On the Draw panel. 4. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".

Set the Slope to 6" / 12".Roofs . 9. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. On the Properties palette. 10. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 13. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Click Modify. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the line. 11.8. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 12. Select the lower. horizontal line at the front of the roof.

click Yes. Click OK. 15. 16.rvt. Switch to a 3D view. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.14. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. In this exercise. 18. 17. Roofs s 279 . Finish the Roof.

Select the Roof. 5. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 3.Roofs . On the Properties palette. 4. On the menu bar. select Level 3. 2. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Cutoff Level list. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Activate the view North Elevation.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open the Default 3D view. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. The roof updates.

8. 7. set the slope value to 3"/12". 9. In this exercise. Select the inner rectangle as shown.6. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Roofs s 281 . Zoom and spin to see your model. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. To set the slope for the new roof. 13. On the Home tab. 10. select Defines Slope. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. On the Options Bar. 11. 12. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Switch to a 3D View.rvt. Finish the Roof. on the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. click Pick Lines.

Roofs . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt. Select the main roof over the house. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 1.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. In the Type Selector. 3. thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.

4. click Edit Type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 5. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. For Structure Value. s Click OK. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Click Insert to add a layer. Select Layer 2 as shown. Roofs s 283 . Select the roof over the garage. click Edit. It is a generic roof type. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. enter Clay Tile. 3.Define a Roof Structure 1. 2.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Click OK twice. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 6. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 8. s Click OK. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 7. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. The garage roof displays a pattern.rvt. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.s s s In the Materials dialog box. select Model.Roofs . Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".

In the Open dialog box. 2. Roofs s 285 .rfa. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Insert tab. In this exercise. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. 3. 4. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. to support a gutter. or for decoration. click Roof > Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. Click Open. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. On the Home tab.rvt.

Set the Material value to Metal . For Name. 6. click Edit Type. for Profile. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click OK. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Click Duplicate.Roofs . 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Matte. In the Type Properties dialog box.5.Paint Finish Ivory.

rvt. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. 9. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. In this exercise. Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia.

The completed exercise 4. 3. you add gutters to a building. Click OK. click Edit Type. 6.Roofs . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Roof > Gutter. For Name. select Gutter . The file should open to a 3D view.Bevel: 5" x 5". 2. s Click Duplicate. Click OK. so as not to detract from the design of the building. On the Home tab. Place Gutters In this exercise. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.rvt. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Under Material parameter. select Metal Aluminum. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 1. under Profile parameter. 5.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

If you click the interior face. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 9. In this exercise. you attached gutters to a roof. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.rvt. 10. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 11. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 8. Roofs s 289 . Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Segments will clean up at corners.7.

heat. and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . water. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

Shed 4. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 2. True b. Low b. a. General Questions 1. High d. the run is always 12. Medium c. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. When referring to roof slope. Hip c. a. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . s Place gutters. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. True b. Gable b. s Define a roof structure. s Place fascia. Gambrel d. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. None of the above 3. a.

Turn slopes on or off. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Join/Unjoin Roofs d. False 7. pick d. ______ or _______. 10. you use: a. To add a slope to a roofline. a. True b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. True b. a. Footprint b. Create an opening. TAB b. Footprint. profile. place a check mark next to: a. a. Activate Slope 9. Trim/Extend b. a. ENTER 4. True b. profile 2. Roofs can be created using ______. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Sketch. SHIFT c. Sketch c. False 5. extrusion. Defines Slope c. Change the direction of the slope. Face 3. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Change the direction of the roof. sketch. Walls. Material 8. Extrusion d. Footprint b. Create Slope d. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. a. lines c. a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Expand/Contract 6. a. Slope c. Add Slope b. DEL d. Walls d. extrusion. face b. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. d. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Cut/Lengthen c. Footprint. c. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. A compound roof contains layers. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Lesson Plan 1. s Create slope annotations. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6.

Sections and Elevations . Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Sections are used to examine the roof. In a commercial structure. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. bathrooms. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and special equipment. cabinetry. floor. and tool racks. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. the kitchen. After completing this lesson. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. In a residential building. the location of special equipment. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. engineering. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM).Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and foundation plans. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . framing. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. t Cross or transverse sections. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.Sections and Elevations . across its narrower dimension. on the long axis of the building. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and are properly cross-referenced. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.

and steel.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. such as framing connections and foundation details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary. full. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations. s The position relationship between different elements.Sections and Elevations .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members.

You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. For siding. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. quantity. shadows. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . and then the name of the material. For example.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. or methods of installation. Therefore. this is reversed. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. With interior elevations. people. East. South. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. For a wood structure. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Unnecessary Information Shades. The size of the object is listed first. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. You may. followed by any additional information about spacing. cars. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. the titles assigned (North. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. bushes." Mfr. and so forth. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. however. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations.

coving. which is a formed pressboard. flush overlay. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. and special equipment such as toilets. The trim is usually glued into place. and types of finish materials used. or linoleum) and the wall. other openings. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. doors and direction of door swings. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. doors. Hinges are concealed. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling.Sections and Elevations . This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". This is usually done using a topset. and other appliances. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Molding is normally decorative in nature. windows. This is more costly than regular overlay. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. casements. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . or MDF. and materials used. dishwashers. wood. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. finished floor-to-ceiling heights.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". or a baseboard. tile. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. or decorative patterns. Molding is usually made of plaster. chamfers. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. It may have curves. It can also be used around doorways and windows. and lip. shelf arrangements.

This automatically creates the section view in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . and a section symbol on all plans. s Place a section view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create an interior elevation. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. s Add slope annotations. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. which you can then add to a sheet. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Change the section head. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. you will be able to: s Create a new section view.

The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . technology. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science.Sections and Elevations . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Once created. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. A section is a horizontal view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Math (STEM). Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. Technology. Engineering. like an elevation. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified.

Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. or other section view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. elevation. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. For example. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. By resizing the crop region. the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. When you create a section view.

In the example shown. the slope of this roof is 2:12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. such as anchor bolts and siding. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. In a set of construction documents. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. So. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Add structural details. Details are crucial for effective construction. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Once you create the detail section. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. which is spoken as 2 in 12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Add detail notes.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Add breaklines as needed. tracing over the existing elements. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project.

310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

Create a Section View 1. On the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. Create panel. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 4. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. click Section. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Open the file ADA_Sections. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0".rvt. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 2. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The Section command is available from the View tab. 3. The completed exercise 6. Sections and Elevations s 311 .

This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. On the Properties palette. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. and it has control grips to resize it. This is called the crop region. Section Properties 1. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. With the section line selected. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 3. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The actual location is not critical. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut.Sections and Elevations . the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated.

Sections and Elevations s 313 . 8. Save the file as Unit8_section1. you automatically created a section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. The section view updates. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. change Far Clip Offset to 10.rvt. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). In this exercise.4. 5. The view is listed in your Project Browser. When you drew the section line. In the Properties palette. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 6. 7. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.

In this exercise. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 6. and Section Head . In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. Several section head families are available. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Section Head . Load from Library panel.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. On the Manage tab. 3. 2. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 5. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Select Section Head-Open.1 point Filled. Click Open to load the family. The view does not change.rvt. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Duplicate.Sections and Elevations . enter Open Arrow. Click OK. click Load Family. 7. Settings panel. For Name.Filled.No Arrow. On the Insert tab. They include Section Head . click Additional Settings > Section Tags.rfa.

Select the section line. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. For Name. In this exercise.Open. 12. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 14. select Open Arrow.8. select Section Head . For Section Head. Click OK. The section head updates to the new head type. 11. On the Properties palette. 13. Click Duplicate. In the Section Tag field. 10. 9. enter Open Arrow. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.rvt. click Edit Type. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.

This is a building section. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. select the border of the callout. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 2. 5.Sections and Elevations . To reposition the callout head. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create panel. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Callout. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.rvt. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Use the image below for guidance. 4. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 3. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 6. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. On the View tab.

click Region > Filled Region. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. as shown. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Draw panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. 8.7. Detail panel. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. region patterns. Line is selected automatically. 4. On the Properties palette. 1. select Chain. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 2.rvt. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Options Bar. You can add detail lines. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Trace over the lower left corner of the view. but not strongly. detail components. 3. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail.

Click OK. 7. 6. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.Sections and Elevations . For Name. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.5. Select the upper and right side lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. enter Earth. Click Modify.

the pattern becomes visible. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 9. select Finish (green check). Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. click Load Family. On the Place Detail Component tab. From the Fill Pattern list. If you zoom in closer. Click OK. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. 3. On the Mode panel.8. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. On the Annotate tab. Click Open. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Detail panel.rfa. click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Detail panel. 2. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects.Section. 1.

In the Specify Types dialog box. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 5.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. Click OK.4. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.

Using the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. 7. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Move it after placement if necessary. Add another Detail Component.6. select Plywood. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. 8. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. From the Type Selector list. Sections and Elevations s 321 .

This component represents the subflooring. The exact vertical placement is not critical. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Click Modify. On the Properties palette.9. Place the component similarly to the image below. Use the image below for guidance. 12. select anchor bolt.Sections and Elevations . You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. set the Thickness to 3/4". From the Type Selector. 10. Select the vertical plywood. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Component > Detail Component. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 11. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.

Add another Detail Component.13. 14. Use the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. select Multiple. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Copy. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Lap Siding.

select Wide Lines. Detail panel. Start at the end of the siding. From the Line Style Selector. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Add Detail Lines 1. click Detail Line.15. On the Annotate tab. Save the file. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.Sections and Elevations . 2. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 16. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.

5. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.3. Zoom out. 4. Still using Wide Lines. Sections and Elevations s 325 . click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.

Select the wall so it highlights. On the Annotate tab. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 7. 10. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. Add Insulation 1. Click Edit in the Structure field. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Save the file. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. select the Material field in row 3.Sections and Elevations . identified as Wall material 1.6. Detail panel. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Next. Click Modify. 2. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 9. The wall display updates. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. click Insulation. Right-click.

From the Type Selector.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. click Component > Detail Component. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. Detail panel. select Break Line. 3. Sections and Elevations s 327 . On the Annotate tab. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Your view should resemble the image shown.

Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 6. detail lines.Sections and Elevations . 7. 5. In this exercise. You place another breakline. and detail components to it.4. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Save the file. The view should resemble the image shown. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. To complete the detail. Place the breakline as shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Zoom to Fit. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The size of the object is listed first.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 3. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 .rvt. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. With nothing selected in the view. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. or methods of installation. 1. s Clear Annotation Crop. The border around the view will disappear. weatherproofing. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. quantity. To add notes. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 2. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.

move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box.4" WEATHERING. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . On the Format panel. click Two Segments. R13. 10. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. On the Annotate tab. 12. 5. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 6. As you pull your cursor to the right. From the Type list. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Finally. click Text. Move the pointer up 11. 7.Sections and Elevations . Text panel.4. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 9. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. insulation. 8. leader arrow as shown. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry.

Sections and Elevations s 331 . . O. 15. 17. 20. Enter 5/8" GWB . or wood treated with preservative against rot. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 18. Click off the text to finish the entry.TYPE X. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.C. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. CONT is short for Continuous.C. Click ENTER to start a second line of text.13. 14. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 19. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the interior wall. Start the next text at the floorboard..C. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 16. as the second line of text.

21.Sections and Elevations . 22.. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Note: CONC signifies concrete. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 23. Click ENTER to start a second line.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.

Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. 3. In this exercise.rvt. or elevation view. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. highlight Sheets. 2. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 4.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Project Browser. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Right-click. and locate the detail view on it.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Highlight your title block. section. Click Open. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box. The new sheet becomes the current view. you will want to add the views to a sheet. 6. Click New Sheet. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 5. Sections and Elevations s 333 . click Load. Locate the A-Landscape.

Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view.7. click Hide Crop Region. close to the crop border. 9.Sections and Elevations . In the Project Browser. 8. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Select a Level Line. Click the control at its left end. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag it to the right. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.

s Modified the label values in the title block.rvt. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter S.10. Click OK. 12. 13. you: s Created a new sheet. Right-click. 11.301. Click Zoom to Fit. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. For Number. In the Project Browser. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click Rename. highlight the new sheet. In this exercise. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. For Name.

s Add material notes. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Select Elevations. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. The elevation markers are now visible. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 4. Click OK.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Right-click. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 3. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Click the Annotations tab. Open ADA_Elevations. s Set the display for building components as needed. four elevation views are included: north.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 2. When you create a project with a template. east. s Add any necessary dimensions. 6. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. It is defined by the green dotted line. and west. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. s Add slope indication for roof. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).Sections and Elevations . south. 5.

3. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the View Control Bar. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 4.2. 5. On the Modelling tab. clear Planting. Switch to an Elevation View 1. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Next. Click OK to exit the dialog box. clear Sections. On the Annotations tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enable the visibility of Levels 6.

select Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. 13. 8. 10. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the Material field for Layer 1.7. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 9. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In this exercise. modified its display. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. click Edit Type.Exterior Stucco. click to open the list. Select the wall. Click Zoom to Fit. It will be identified as Condo . 11. 12. In Surface Pattern.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Click the button that displays to select a material. Select Sand. you activated an elevation view. and modified the wall display characteristics.

Add a note for the stone wall. or methods of installation. In the Type Selector. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 5. Enter TX. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Set the Leader type to One Segment. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. quantity. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 4. Add a note for the foundation. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 339 . set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.rvt. The size of the object is listed first. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 3. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note.

6. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the exterior stucco. In this exercise. 8.Sections and Elevations .rvt. 9. 7.

On the Annotate tab. 1. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 2. select Triangle. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Sections and Elevations s 341 . click Spot Slope. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. For Offset from Reference. Click to select the roof line. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. On the Options Bar. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 5. 6. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Dimension panel. from the Slope Representation list.rvt. 4. enter 1/8".

click Aligned. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 11. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Dimension panel. Click Modify. 10. Click to select the roof line. 9.Sections and Elevations . Click to locate the slope indicator. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7. On the Annotate tab. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.

It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 13.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. slope indicators. In this exercise. The west elevation now contains material notes.12. and vertical dimensions. 14. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Arrange notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown. leaders. and dimensions for clarity. select wall breaks and levels.

Most interior elevations are for bathrooms.rvt. In this exercise. and cabinetry. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. special closets. 2. This view was already defined in the drawing.Sections and Elevations . In the Project Browser. kitchens. Highlight the view. 3. Click Open View. equipment rooms. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Click Find Referring Views. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. dimensions. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Right-click. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view.4. Right-click. Dimension panel. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". On the Annotate tab. Click the value field for Units Format 8. click Aligned. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 6. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Select Suppress 0 Feet. click OK. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. 7. 5. Clear Use Project Settings. In the Name box. s s s s Click Duplicate.

Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Using the Text and Dimension tools.Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.rvt. detail the interior section. In this exercise. 10.9. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.

d. c. Walls c. Not in Concrete b. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Create a section view. a. True b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. 2. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. False 3. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . such as north. s Create slope annotations. b. All of the above. Cabinetry d. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. General Questions 1. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. b. 4. c. Not in Contract c. All of the above 5. Show the relationships between elements. The direction the viewer is facing. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create material annotations. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The direction the structure is facing. s Create filled regions. Nobody in Charge d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. it depends. Either one. is always the true orientation.

Filled regions with hatch patterns d. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The dotted line indicates: a. Element properties c. True b. On the View tab. b. False 2. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The Visual Style of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. East b. b and c. a. Which elevation is it? a. The detail level of the view. b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture.Sections and Elevations . West c. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. d. but not a 6. South d. c. c. Sun and Shadow b. d. True b. The boundaries of the view. a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. you use: a. Right-click. The height of the view. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Add View. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. False 5. North 3. 4. click Sheet Composition > View.

Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . Lesson Plan 1. s Reformat a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 5. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Evaluate Students. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 2. 4. 6. you will be able to: s Create a schedule.

After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.Schedules .

width. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and thickness.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. such as reference number. About Schedules s 351 . height. technology. This lesson relates to science. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. engineering. Some of these building objects include. Engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.

each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. the same primary information is included. However.Schedules . depending on the style of the architectural firm. There are different types of schedule tables. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. Instance. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .

and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. A circle.Schedules . Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. hexagon. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Like schedules. E for electrical. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Using the software. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. and A for appliances. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. The following image shows door. Other letters are P for plumbing. However. these tags can be placed automatically or manually.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. window.

Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. s Add room tags. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a schedule. Schedules list items such as doors. and Language Arts. and you can create your own schedules.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. This lesson relates to science. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedules s 355 . Project templates include preset schedules. Engineering. windows. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. rooms. s Create a room schedule. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. hardware. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. technology. equipment. Math (STEM). materials. and math standards.

you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.rvt. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. and you set the schedule to display totals.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 2. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Select Windows from the list. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Height. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Click Add. In Available Fields. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 3.s Window Tag 5. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 6. Add Count. select Comments. 4. On the View tab. Level. Type Mark. Schedules s 357 . and Width. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 7.

Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. from left to right. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.Schedules .8. Select the fields.

Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. select Type Mark. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Schedules s 359 . Select Blank Line. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1. 3. From the Sort By list. but without any useful calculations yet. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building.

Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 2. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 3. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1. select Level. In order to calculate the total number of windows. in this case).Schedules . The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 4. Rather than make a manual calculation. clear Itemize Every Instance. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. Notice how the schedule has changed. in the Then By sorting field. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you can have the schedule report this. click the schedule name. click Edit. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.

select Title. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. for Sorting/ Grouping. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. click Edit 7. The totals for each window type now display. and Totals.5. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Set the schedule to display category totals. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. From the list.rvt. Count. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Schedules s 361 . select Footer. 6.

Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. In this exercise. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. occupancy. 2.rvt. floor type.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 4. Open ADA_Room_Tags. ceiling type.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. based on the amount of space in each room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Room size. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Room & Area panel. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 5. Click Open. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Locate the file named Room Tag. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.Schedules . On the Home tab. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. click Room > Room. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 3.

6.In the Type Selector. Schedules s 363 . The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Room & Area panel. On the Home tab. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. a total of 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. click Room > Room Separation Line. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. and in the hall as shown. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 8. 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement.

Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 10. Select Room #2. Place a room tag below the room separation line. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The area value for Room 7 updates. The room tag updates. 13.Schedules . 12.9. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room. 11. s Change the word Room to Manager. s Click the Room text. Click Modify. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. On the Room & Area panel. An edit box activates.

This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. On the Properties palette. 15. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. enter Sales. Schedules s 365 . s Changed room tag field values.14. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.rvt. s Tagged various objects. for Name. In this exercise. s Added a room separation. you: s Loaded a room tag.

Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Click Add--> after each selection. Create panel. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. enter Square Footage Report. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. select Number. For Name. 3. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Set the Sort By value to Number. Name. 4. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Schedules . The completed exercise 5. In the Available Fields pane. Click OK. 2. and Area to be included in your schedule. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Create a Room Schedule 1. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. On the View tab.rvt. 6.

8. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 9. Click OK. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. clear Use Project Settings. s Select Calculate Totals. Click the Formatting tab. Change the Heading to No. Highlight the Number field. s Set Units to Square Feet. 10. Select Grand Totals. s Set Alignment to Right. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Area field. In the Format dialog box. s Click Field Format.7.

s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.Schedules . s Totaled one of the columns. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.rvt. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12. you: s Created a room schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .11. In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.

Using your Windows Explorer.txt) file. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Browse to a directory to save your report. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 6. you export the room schedule to a text file. 3. Click Save. Schedules s 369 . 4. Double-click it to open it. locate the file you created. On the application menu. The file is created. Click OK. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. You can then use this file in other applications. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 5.rvt. 2. Note the formatting that has been applied. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file. 8. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise.

s Load a schedule tag. 2. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Questions 1. a. Type b. False Summary/Questions s 371 . d. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A list of sheets used in a project. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. True b. Matrix d. b. False 4. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. What is a schedule table? a. s Place a schedule tag. True b. None of the above. Instance 3. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A list of information that defines specific building objects. a. Quantity c. s Export a schedule.

To export a schedule. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . CSV d. a. Manage tab 3. Home d. a. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. use the ____ . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. TXT b. Annotate b. Modify 2. Annotate tab b.Schedules . View c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. View tab c. XLS c. Application menu d.

4. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Lesson Plan 1. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .

You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.Visualization . s Export a DWG file. s Export a walkthrough. or camera on a path. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Place a camera. s Add planting components. s Play a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. s Create a raytrace rendering. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Apply shading to a view. Math (STEM). s Assign materials. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Finally. you create a walkthrough. After completing this lesson. s Orient walls and windows. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Export an FBX file. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Technology.

Open Unit2_custom_family. You worked on animations. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. courseware datasets. To prepare your model for rendering. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s s 2.rvt. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. s Make a camera view the active view. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.

Stud. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. If you do not see any change in the wall display. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The walls now display layers of materials. Select one of the exterior walls. Right-click. 5.3. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. Select any exterior wall. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl.Visualization . The wall display updates. 4.

Right-click. On the Properties palette. Click OK. you can: s s s 9. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 10. Repeat the process for the windows. In addition to using the control arrows. Click Change wall's orientation. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Visualization s 377 . 8. Select the toposurface object. Select Site: Grass.7. Open the Default 3D view. Select walls.

12.11. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 3. Open 3ds Max Design. click Import > Import. This will filter the file list. Select the file name. Depending on your system resources. and click Open. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_Export. select Autodesk (*. Note the file location. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Export the Model to FBX 1.rvt. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 2.Visualization . you have completed this exercise. click Export > FBX. On the application menu. for Files of type. Click OK in any notices and warnings.FBX). Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design.

rvt. 2. If necessary. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Next. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. There is no way to update it from Revit. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. you have completed this exercise. Close the file without saving. On the application menu. Depending on your system resources. Note the file location. open Unit10_Export. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.4. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 3. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Export the Model to DWG 1. Visualization s 379 .

8. Select two windows as shown. If necessary. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. open Unit10_Export. Open 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. 7.max. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click File. click References > File Link Manager. 9. 5. On the application menu. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Open or return to Revit. Select the file name. Click Open. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.rvt.Visualization . On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.4. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Close the File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager .

11.10. 13. Open the 3D view. 12. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the file. The windows have updated. On the application menu. Visualization s 381 . In the dialog box. Save the export file using the same name as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Oriented walls and windows. s Changed a material definition.14. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. In this exercise. The linked file updates. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. The windows have changed. s Close the File Link Manager.Visualization . s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Open the Files tab. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the File Link Manager. s Click Reload. 15.

add plantings to the model. click Camera. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. generate a rendering. Create panel. Place a Camera 1. change materials. 2. you place a camera in a model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view. If you place the camera too close to the model. Open Unit10_Export. as shown.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the View tab. In this exercise.rvt. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. and create a second rendering.

Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 5. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. If necessary. The camera perspective view opens. Right-click. 7. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Click Show Camera. s s s s Open a floor plan view.Visualization . 2. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Return to the perspective view. 6. Render Setup 1. click Show Rendering Dialog. The camera will be visible. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown.4. select Very Few Clouds. Open the Site view again.

s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Click Render. click Site Component. 2. and Lighting. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Visualization s 385 . 3.30' approximately as shown. Open view 3D View 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. Enhance the Model 1. Model Site panel. Open the Site view. Output Settings. On the Massing & Site tab.3. s Click Render. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .

click Edit Type. click Save to Project. In the Layer 1 Material field. 5. 5. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Edit Type. Change Materials 1. 2. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. and you can now select elements for editing.Visualization . In the Save to Project dialog box. 4. Click Edit in the Structure field. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 3. 6. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Materials list. click Show the Model.4. In the Rendering dialog box. On the Properties palette. Revit places the image in its own view. Select an exterior wall. click OK. select Roofing . In the Rendering dialog box.Wood Shake. The model displays in the view.

Click Edit in the Structure field. Visualization s 387 . 8. Click the Render Appearance tab. 7. Click Replace.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry .10. 9.

Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Edited materials in model components. Select Masonry . 12. 13. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 16. click Save to Project. In this exercise.11.Visualization . The new image is placed in its own view. 14. s Generated and captured a render image. These images are now available as options to present to a client. In the Rendering dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 15. s Created a raytrace setup. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Generated and captured a second render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.rvt. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK.

3. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. and exported individually. click to the left of the model as shown. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click again. s View the animation in a media player.rvt. Each view. or frame. The camera and path can be edited. Open Unit10_render. s Edit the camera and path. rendered. Create panel. In this exercise. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. To place a key frame. s On the View tab. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Open floor plan view Level 1. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. or walkthroughs. 4. click 3d View > Walkthrough. Visualization s 389 . s Export the walkthrough to an animation file.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Click Zoom Out (2x). 2. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. in a project model.

Select the direction control for the camera. click Finish Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. The Options Bar changes. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 6. 11. 9. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 7. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 10. Repeat for all the key frames. so that the camera is pointing at the model. click Edit Walkthrough. Walkthrough panel. Walkthrough panel. The camera is located on the final key frame. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 8.5.Visualization . 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.12. If camera positions distort. 3. click Next Key Frame. 13. 2. Check the view in several key frames. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. From the Controls list. Click Edit Walkthrough. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Open. Visualization s 391 . select Path.

Visualization . 2. Click OK. 2. 4. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Revit generates the external AVI file.Play the Walkthrough 1. click OK. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 3. Export the Walkthrough 1. In the Length/Format dialog box. Click Play. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The walkthrough plays in the view window. File Name. Click Save.rvt. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. On the application menu. notice where you save the file. In the Video Compression dialog box.

Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Visualization s 393 . 6. It plays in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Plan your class time accordingly.5. such as shaded or rendering.

394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you have made changes to the building model. save the Revit Architecture file. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path.7. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. In this exercise. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.Visualization .

s Add planting components. Questions 1. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. Save As > FBX c. s Assign materials.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. Split b. you use: a. a. s Place a camera. a. True b. Demolish 2. False Summary/Questions s 395 . View > Shading d. s Export an FBX file. s Export a walkthrough. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. False 2. s Orient walls and windows. True b. Export > FBX 3. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you use: a. Flip Orientation d. Align c. Print to File b. s Create a raytrace rendering.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

you learn how to place structural columns. and braces.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. Lesson Plan 1. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. beam systems. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . foundations. Review structural columns. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. In the following exercises.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 3. beams. beams and braces.

Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. beams.Structural . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. walls.Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. Knowing where structural members. especially columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Place columns and beams on grids. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Engineering. and Language Arts. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Structural s 401 . Place beam systems and braces. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Math (STEM). Create column grids. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Structural . Select a floor. 3. spans without walls. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. On the View Control Bar. They come in types defined by size and shape. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . As with columns. or concrete. wood. often mainly glass. 2. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. beams can be steel. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Beams connect columns or walls. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. In residential construction. 1. this is known as post and beam construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. On the Build panel of the Home tab. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Open Deck Framing. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . click Column > Structural Column.Hide Category. or reinforced concrete. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Structural columns can be steel. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. wood. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. In this exercise. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.

This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 8. click Depth. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. The Properties palette displays the floor properties.4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. In the Type Selector. On the View Control Bar. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 6. 3A. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Structural s 403 . Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 5. 7. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and 4B. On the Options Bar.

Click OK. 10. rail. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Zoom in so you can see the deck. double-click view Framing Cutaway. In the Project Browser.Structural . Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 11. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". and columns clearly. Right-click. 2. Click OK. Click Hide In View > Element. Place Beams 1. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.9.

5. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. click Beam. In the Type Selector. 4. Click. select Chain. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Options Bar. s In the view window. Structure panel. On the Structure tab.3.

Click. Click Modify. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 6. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 7. Click.Structural . On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.

Click on grid intersection B4. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. 9. Structural s 407 . click Make Wall Bearing.rvt. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. On the Properties palette. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. In this exercise. 11. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click OK. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Beam. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors.8. Click Modify. Click. Structure panel. 12. as shown. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors.

4. s Place braces. On the Structure tab. Click the beam on Grid 1.Structural . 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Open Deck Beams. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. 2. Structure panel. The completed exercise 5.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click No. click Sketch Beam System. 3. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.rvt. click Beam System. distance. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. or number of beams in a bay. click Pick Supports. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. In this exercise. Place Beam Systems 1. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. you: s Place beam systems.

6. 7. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . On the Draw panel. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. click Line. as shown.

Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. click Finish (green check). Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. 11. click Pick Supports.6". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s 9. s s s On the Draw panel. On the Mode panel.8. 10. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s s On the Draw panel. Trim as necessary. click Create Similar. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. set Elevation to -0'-9". To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. On the Properties palette. Click the beam on Grid 2. click Line.Structural . 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Properties palette. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click Finish.2".

5. 4. In the Project Browser. 3. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 2. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Structure panel. as shown. It has an automatic work plane. Click to place the elevation. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Create panel. On the View Control Bar. On the Structure tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Adjust the view crop region as shown. click Brace. On the View tab. Structural s 411 . unlike regular elevations. click Elevation > Framing Elevation.Place Braces 1.

9. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Repeat the brace going right to left.Structural . 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace.6. 7. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Click Modify. 8. In the view window.

11.10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure.rvt. In this exercise. Structural s 413 . you: s Placed beam systems.

You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. and section views. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line.Structural . beams. You can change a grid number at any time. but they can also be angular and radial. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. In plan views. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s In the view window. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. elevation. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The exact length is not critical. Grid datasets. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. The exact location is not critical. This is a common step early in designing a large building. In this exercise. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. and walls.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. The numbering automatically increments. Pull the cursor straight up. 2. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. as shown. click Grid. Datum panel.

Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. The Grid tool is still active. Click to start another grid line.3. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Structural s 415 .

s Select Grid Line 2. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Enter A at the keyboard. Pull the cursor to the right. The new grid line will be number 3. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Click to start a grid line. click Copy. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.5. click to place the grid line. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. 7.Structural . Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . close to the heads. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 6. Pull the cursor to the left.

11. Change the number to 2. This completes the main grid.8. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. s Click Copy. 10. This grid line will be number B. On the grid line.1 is still selected. Grid 2.1. click the elbow control to place an offset. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. The Grid tool is still active. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click to place the grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Structural s 417 . 9. s Select grid 2.

On the Draw panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Change the number to EE. 3. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . select Center-Ends Arc. On the Home tab.000 o .Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Click in the new grid bubble. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Options Bar. set Offset to 15'-0". click Radius. click Grid. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Draw panel. Click to place the grid head. The Grid tool is still active. Zoom to Fit. 4. click Pick. Press ENTER. s s Click grid intersection D3. enter 15. Create panel. In the Radius field. s Click to start the grid line.Structural . Revit will convert this to 15'-0".

Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. You will need to identify it easily. 7. Structural s 419 . Click to place grid FF. 6.5. Select grid 3 to show its controls. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.

000. s Select grid 3. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s In this exercise. click Create Similar. Click to place the grid line. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.rvt. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Click grid intersection D3. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Press ENTER. 9. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s 10. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Select grid 31. click Mirror .Structural . s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Enter 31 to change the name. Click in the new grid bubble. Zoom to Fit. 11.8. Revit will create grid 32.Pick Axis.

The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Column > Structural Column.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. This is a steel column. s 3. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. In this exercise. As a result. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structure panel. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. you typically create a grid. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. In the Type Selector. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural s 421 . s Use a column grid to place beams. s Change a grid layout. 2.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 6. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. 5. click At Grids.s s On the Options Bar. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 2. 4. C and D.Structural . set Height to Level 3. In the Multiple panel. 3. 4. B. A. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Window-select all the grid lines. On the Multiple panel. Structural s 423 . The grid. Click Grid 1. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 2. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. Open Floor Plan Level 2. click On Grids. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Multiple panel. 4. click Beam. Zoom to Fit. and beams will move to the right. columns. 5.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool.

Structural . window-select all the columns. click At Columns. click Finish. Columns and beams will move to the right. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Click Redo. On the Quick Access toolbar. click Isolated. click Undo. 3. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. On the Multiple panel. 2. click No. 6. In the view window. 4. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. Open the Default 3D view. 1. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.

To change the size of the footing. The footing changes size. A warning displays. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. s On the Properties palette. 7. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18".5. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. 6. Click OK. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Structural s 425 . set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". in the Type Selector.

s Changed a grid layout. s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural .8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. In this exercise.

spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

Structural . using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

True b. All of the above. Beam d. Questions 1. 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beam systems. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Brace c. s Place braces. Column b. False Summary/Questions s 429 . you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.

You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. A but not B. d. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 2. c. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Pick points. you: a. True b. False 4. d. b. Stretch b. 5. Properties c. A and B. If you relocate a grid line. True b. When placing columns or beams. To change the height of a column.Structural . All of the above. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Select a beam type and define the system layout. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. a. you can: a. To create a beam system. 3. b. Select the type of beam or column to place. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you use: a. c. Flip Orientation d.

Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Starkweather . Poway High School. Smith . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.org Project Lead the Way.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. South Division High School. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Executive Director. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Milwaukee. Inc. Poway.Instructor.Director. Randy Dymond. International Technology Education Association www. Ltd.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Mathematics. CA Ronald A Williams. PE .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. WI Roger Dohm .Teacher.iteaconnect. Copyright s 431 . Susan Harrington .

and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Inc. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Inc. INC. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. “AS IS. by any method. All rights reserved. Autodesk Revit MEP. AutoCAD.© 2010 Autodesk. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. for any purpose. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. or parts thereof. Trademarks Autodesk. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. AutoCAD MEP. All other brand names. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. AutoCAD Architecture. Published by: Autodesk. product names. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Autodesk Inventor. this publication.. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Inc.. CA 94903. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. may not be reproduced in any form. INC. 2010 Autodesk. Inc. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS.” AUTODESK. All rights reserved. Inc.

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