Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

windows. elevation. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. Other building elements such as doors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . floors. You can add building elements in plan. stairs. section. furniture. and 3D views. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. roofs.Software Tools .

While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the illustration shown. If one is moved. or at any time after. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. the other will move as well.

In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. s Constrain placement of objects. Technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Math (STEM). Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . technology. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. and math standards. s Place a predefined Mass family. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.

owner. Masses can be edited in many ways. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. A designer. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. and then converted into building components such as floors. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. or masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. walls. such as distance requirements from roadways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. quickly. you can create in-place masses. roofs. and curtain systems.Software Tools . size. There are mass families available to load into a project. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. walls.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. masses. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.

18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and math standards. s Explain the use of dimensions. Math (STEM). and symbol heads. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. engineering. Engineering. legends. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . technology. Annotation includes text notes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. tags.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and permanent dimensions for annotating. or angular.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. radial. Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.

y. and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

and Language Arts. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. the Type Selector. engineering. and Options Bar. and math standards. Engineering. Math (STEM). s Work with tool buttons. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open and use ribbon tabs. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . technology. This lesson relates to science.Software Tools . s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display.

beams. windows. doors. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . Some commands will not be active (that is. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Its position is fixed. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. for instance. and rooms.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and text. trusses. symbols. slabs. detailing. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. columns. Display and Navigation s 33 .The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and foundations. braces.

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Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

Context tabs display as you work. and inquiry. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.Software Tools .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters. copy/paste. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . materials.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Open. Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Save.Software Tools . and Close.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. and groups.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. with four elevation markers visible. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends. sheets. families. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 .

A check mark indicates it is visible. visual style. level of detail.Software Tools . sun settings. rendering (in 3D views). This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. View Control Bar View scale. cropping. shadow display. Windows panel on the ribbon. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar.

To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. but not at Coarse. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line is the default. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. Shaded.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

which can be according to the view. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. or by global location. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. Display and Navigation s 47 .

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . and materials applied to model surfaces.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. along with other display settings.

Annotate. View.All views are listed in the Project Browser. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Insert. Massing & Site. Structure. Collaborate. To activate or open a view. Manage and Modify. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Nine tabs are available: Home. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Display and Navigation s 55 .

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools .

showing options that you can select while you are working. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Options Bar. If you select items in the view window. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Display and Navigation s 57 . The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.Context Tabs. the Options Bar may display below it. When a context tab is active. Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. a context tab opens on the ribbon.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

You can switch this list to show open views in open files. such as File Open.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. New File. Click a file name to open that file. File Save. Display and Navigation s 65 . Print. The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. the application menu. and Publish. Export.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Display and Navigation s 67 . The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. The completed exercise 4. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. After you have examined each of them. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The panel titles display under the tab titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. To start a new project. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Do this for other tabs.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. make the Home tab active. If you select the menu option. or click New > Project from the application menu. 2. 3. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list.

Click the panel title to display the individual tools. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously.5. Close the file without saving. and then viewed. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 6. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. In this exercise. They disappear when you move the cursor away. 7. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. you opened a project file. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.Software Tools .

Exercise 2. The file opens to a 3D view. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Open quick_start_building_elements. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. 2. Display and Navigation s 69 . In the Project Browser. doubleclick the view name.

Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 4. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. doors. . all the walls. 6.3. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. On the Properties palette. Click any interior wall. 8.Software Tools . Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. and windows highlight blue. Click Filter panel > Filter. You are selecting everything visible. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 5. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click the door in the upper left of the model. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Clear Walls and Doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 7. Click OK. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48".

12. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click any door. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 10. Place a door as shown. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . On the Properties palette. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. you opened a project file.9. In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. examined the menus and toolbars.rvt. Select any window to verify that it has changed type.

Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Technology. Component families include model objects (furniture. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. In the exercises. ceiling plan. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. operating settings. Revit provides floor plan. Pan. and Language Arts. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and 3D views using the View menu. schedules. You can create sections. mechanical equipment). s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. templates. lines. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and views. and elevation views by default. either predefined or user-created. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. building elements (walls.Software Tools . drafting views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. floors). System families include levels. s Create a new in-place family. display controls. Math (STEM). s Work with Revit families. s Load and place component families. annotations.

and math standards. technology. engineering.This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

VG also opens the dialog box. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. First. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. There is also a copy in the course datasets. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Rightclick in the view window. 2. Four elevation markers are visible. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The display changes. Click OK. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The completed exercise Visibility 1.Software Tools .rvt. 3. is an extensive database.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click Zoom to Fit. even a small one. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. There is no way to see everything in it. Right-click. Open Unit2_building_elements. Click the Annotation Categories tab.

The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 6. 5. On the View Control Bar. Enter ZF. Select the roof outline. Right-click. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . In the Project Browser. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view.4. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. click Detail Level. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Click Open. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Select Detail Level: Medium. so be sure to select them both. There are two parts to an elevation. 7. Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom In Region.

as before.Software Tools . 2. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. View Properties 1. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. change the Underlay value to None. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Enter VH. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. doors and windows are not shown. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Turn off visibility of the elevations. On the Properties palette.8.

the ridge is now visible. Click Rename. Click OK.0". Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Right-click. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Working with Views and Objects s 77 .3. Next to View Range. For Name. enter Roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Set the cut plane value to 7' . click Edit. and where the cut plane sits. 4.

under Solar Study. 3. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 5. 2. select Winter Solstice. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shadows On. In the Presets list. select Shading with Edges. In the dialog box that opens. Accept the location that activates. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Set the time to 9:30 am. Open Elevation view South. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . In the Sun Settings dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 4. select Still.Graphic Display Options 1. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field.

The elevation shadows update. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .rvt.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.

Additionally. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Doors. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. or stand-alone (for example. and annotations are examples of standard families. roofs. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. s A system family. In Revit. load. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Open Unit2_views. lights. Doors are considered standard family entities. you open an existing project file. and so on. and families in place.Software Tools . railings. There are system families. click Door. 2. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. such as levels. windows. 3. doors and windows are dependent on walls). s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. commercial.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. furniture. walls. is predefined within Revit. standard families. and place Revit families. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Build panel. On the Home tab. and use a Revit family to place a door. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. or institutional structures. These components are called families and there are several different types. furniture). except they are fully parametric and table-driven. windows.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. floors. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. and furniture. You add closet doors to interior walls. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and floors.

verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Project files have a file extension of *. Click Open. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rfa. Family files have a file extension of *. If you highlight a door family. s s 6. On the Modify | Place Door tab. As you move your cursor near any wall. Click the Doors folder. The Door Insertion tool stays active. 4. Tag panel.rvt. Accept the default size. Locate Double Panel 2. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Click Open. It has a number of different sizes defined. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. You click to place an instance of the door family.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Furniture. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. 5. and Annotation.

9. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In this exercise.7. but not strongly. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. and placed instances of a door family. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. simply click it.rvt. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 8. loaded. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place an instance of the door as shown.Software Tools . you located. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.

Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. modify a door family. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. For Name. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The required width is not available. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. and create an in-place family. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.rvt. 5. enter 48" x 80". click Duplicate. you open an existing project file. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide. 3. Select the double door as shown. Open Unit2_doors_walls. 2.

set the Extrusion End value to 6". 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 1. For Name. select Generic Models. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 4. On the Home tab. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 5. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 2. Build panel. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). enter Hall Clock. On the Properties palette.6.Software Tools . 3. Click OK. is to create a component family in place. click Component > Model In-Place. In the dialog box. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. The door updates.

You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. On the Draw panel. 7.rvt. Click OK. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. 8. you located. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). loaded. 10. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.2". In this exercise. 12. Revit will display . Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. and placed a door family.4" as shown. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". as shown.6. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . click Rectangle. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . The family model updates. 13.0' 2". 9. You have created the base of the clock. 11.

Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

s Create an in-place model family. depending on the template selected. Create a 3D perspective view. b. and place a family from a library. tab. True b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. d. To activate a view: a. c. Views can be renamed. context tabs. Turn on Shadows. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. and Options Bar. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. c. b. d. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Change view displays. True b. a. Zoom to the entire model. True b. False 5. a. Either a or b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Go to View > View Name in the menu. False 2. True b. 7. s Access. 6. The tool shown is used to: a. Spin the model in 3D space.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.Software Tools . s Change type properties of a family. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Open different views. Each project has several predefined views. Questions 1. False 3. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. load. Right-click. b. False 4. d. c. All content tools are located on the ribbon. and click Open. Zoom to an area selected by a right click.

Families 11. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. windows. System c. Blocks c. Properties palette 10. A family created within a project is called ________________.8. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. depending on settings 9. Multiview b. Scroll d. etc. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a. All of the above. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Rotate c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . In-Place d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. a. Parts d.) are called: a. Pan and Zoom b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Standard b. Project Browser d.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Duplicate and modify views.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. Review Revit Architecture setup. 5. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 9. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 8. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create dimensions and text. s Create labels. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . Lesson Plan 1. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 3. 7. 4.

org. Many cities and counties have their own rules. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.aias. colors. and Language Arts.aia. linetypes. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.org. based on the AIA standards. linetypes. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Engineering. colors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. After completing this lesson. and the settings that are preset within them. Visit the AIA website at www. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and so forth.Standards and Building Codes . The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Explain why templates are used. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. defining the layers. Visit the AIAS website at www. should be used.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

a garage. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom.Standards and Building Codes . it cannot be called a bedroom. the number being its numerical value. and one closet. If there is a fire. For example.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. If it lacks any of these components. A garage must be completely enclosed. a bathroom. it must have at least one door. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and so on. windows. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. one window. like mechanical drawing. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. doors. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and so on. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. defined and adopted by convention. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. otherwise it is considered a carport.

For example. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units.. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. and other materials. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Another method is to apply dual notation. The value of h expressed in the unit foot.. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. In architectural drafting. or imperial. glass. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. units are applied to dimensions. in the United States. is 555 ft. Here h is the physical quantity. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. such as room size and wall height. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. using imperial units. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. also known as the International System of Units. unit symbol m. is 169 m. unit symbol ft. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. the construction industry still uses the English. However. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object.

for example 1/8" = 1'-0". This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.) 8. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.Scales are ratios. one value representing another value. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. line weight and pattern. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H).5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Each size is designated by a letter. every 1/8" would represent 1'. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. sheets. In Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . and viewports. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).

A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. site plan. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . You create and position views. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). elevators. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. symbols.01.a modified version of the AIA standard. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. notes Demolition. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. and then add a title block or other symbols. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. The integers go from 0 to 9. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).01.

The final sections are for the sheet title and number. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. annotation plot sizes. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The column is divided into sections. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. For example. The paper is oriented landscape. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. that is. Usually. the author of the drawing. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. and so on. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. drawing scales. the electrician. so that the height is less than the width. the date drawn. The next space is for tracking revisions. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. and layer standards. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the HVAC company. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Typically. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. fonts. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects.Standards and Building Codes . followed by information on the building's owner. and other relevant information.

title blocks. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . required symbols. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.

and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and walls. and Language Arts. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). views. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . windows. These can be used to build your model. dimension styles. Technology.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson.

Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.This lesson relates to technology. engineering.

A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Condominiums. click New > Project. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. In Revit. you use templates as starting points. In the New Project dialog box. Select a Template 1. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. click Browse. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. factory. you create a new project file using a template. or store. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. apartments.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. 2. 3. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Open Revit to an empty project file. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

click Close to close this project without saving. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Settings s 103 . Click Open. saving set up time. 5. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Select the Residential-Default. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click OK.4. On the application menu. 6. In this exercise. you started a new project file using a standard template.

In the courseware datasets folder. the drawing setup options are preset. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. click Wall.Standards and Building Codes . In the Project Browser. The file opens to a 3D view. In this exercise. 3. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Build panel. The Wall tool remains active. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. expand Floor Plans under Views. open ADA__Settings.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Pull the cursor to the right. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 2. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Click to start a new wall. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1.rvt.

) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 7. Settings s 105 . (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. click to start a new wall. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 5. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Place the cursor over the left wall. 8. Click OK twice to save the setting change. and move the cursor right. Click Format for Length.) 6. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. s Set Unit symbol to m. Close the file without saving.4. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. In this exercise.

Open ADA_Dimensions. 1.Standards and Building Codes . but also control the size and location of objects. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. 2. enter Big Text. On the Properties palette. click Duplicate. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. On the Annotate tab. or insert components. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. create.rvt. click Edit Type. temporary and permanent. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. dimensions not only display. there are two types of dimensions. click Aligned. 3. By default. 4. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Dimension panel. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.

s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The Dimension tool is still active. 6. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. left. Click to place. s Click OK twice. 7. Settings s 107 . s Set Text Size to 3/16". Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.5.

Standards and Building Codes . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. In this exercise. upper. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Click to place the dimension. Close the file without saving. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and far right vertical walls. created a new dimension style. 9. s s s Select the far left. The Dimension tool stays active.8. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. you opened an existing file.

In order to do this. These are annotations. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Notice the door and window tags. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Settings s 109 . Right-click. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser.rvt. There are no annotations visible. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In the datasets folder. 3. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. 2. and the view window displays the new plan.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.

click Project Information. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click OK to update the display of this view. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 7. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Model Categories tab. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Click Rename. In the Project Browser. 9.4. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. In the Project Browser. 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Settings panel. On the Manage tab. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture.Standards and Building Codes . 5. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Double-click to open it. Click OK. 8. 6.

Rightclick. or supply your own values: Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click OK. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. In the Value column of Project Address. Settings s 111 . (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 2.) 3. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click New Sheet. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also enter the address of your school. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. click Edit.Add a Sheet 1.

To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.Standards and Building Codes .4. Add a View to the Sheet 1. 5. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Apply. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Next. Notice the change to the title block.

s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Settings s 113 . Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select the new viewport. Select Add View to Sheet. 2. Click Activate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click in the view. Right-click. You see the view at the end of your cursor. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 3. 4. Select Deactivate View.

Finish the move. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. deselect it. of the sheet. Place the cursor 7. you: select it. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.Standards and Building Codes . s Placed a view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.5. s Added a sheet. 6. The Scale updates in the title block. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Close the file without saving. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The view updates on the sheet.

This is one of the longer exercises. Settings s 115 . The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 2. click New > Titleblock. A copy of the 11 x 8. 3.5 title block template opens.rft. On the application menu.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.5. 4. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Start Revit Architecture. Click Open. It opens to the Recent Files window.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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s Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Save the title block as A . Add a label for Checked By. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 14. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Save to save the title block. click Close. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.Landscape. 12.9. Add a label for Sheet Number. Accept the Sample Value.rfa. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. s Click Add. you created a title block using a template file. Click Zoom to Fit. 15. In this exercise. On the Quick Access toolbar. 13. Accept the Sample Value. select Drawn By. Right-click. 11. 10. Your teacher may specify another location. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value.

Settings s 125 . A new sheet has been added and is the current view. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Open. On the View tab. Locate your title block. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. The title block appears in the graphics window. 4. Highlight the title block and click OK. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. click New to create a new project using the default template. 3.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Insert a Title Block 1. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 2. Your title block is now displayed in the list. you create a new project file. 5. In the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. and then load a custom title block into your project.

s For Checked By. 5.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 4.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter Student Project Unit 3. Click OK. Settings panel. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Drawn By. On the Properties palette. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. On the Manage tab. Select the title block. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. 6.Standards and Building Codes . 3. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. you a created a new project file. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. Click OK. enter your name. click Project Information. In this exercise. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. enter your instructor's name.

There are various settings you can define for your template. you create a new project file. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. a dimension style. such as 3D and plan views. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. including how the rendered image looks. On the Insert tab. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. and geometry from the template. select Project Template. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. angles. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and slope angle. In the New Project dialog box. click New > Project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. In this exercise. and then load them like families.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. On the application menu. you define the title block. in addition to predefined wall types. 3. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Create a Template In this exercise. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . 2. settings. Click OK. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and the units for your custom template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. 1.

6. Set the units for the template. 8. Click the Length field in the Format column. 7. Click OK. On the Manage tab. Open the title block A . Click OK twice. On the Annotate tab. There will be no visible change. 5. enter 3/16" Verdana. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . create a Dimension Style.Landscape. For Name. 10. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Next. You create a custom dimension style. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.rfa. 9. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Settings panel > Project Units. click Duplicate.4.Standards and Building Codes .

Rightclick. Change the following settings as shown: 13.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 15. 14. Click New Sheet. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. select Sheets (All). The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.11. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Settings s 129 . Click OK. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. 12. In the Project Browser. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Select the A .

Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You can use this template for future projects. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. as well as dimension style and units. Click OK.16.Standards and Building Codes . and units that you defined. The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style.rte. title block. In this exercise. 17. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save the file name as A-English template. Save your project template in your class project folder.

and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. abstract format. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .

A particular physical quantity. English c. True b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 1:32 5. you learned to: s Set units in a file. a. s Create a template. 1:12 c. P. and symbols used in drawing? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. 1:3 b.02 b. A. s Create labels. s Change dimension colors.05 c. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create a dimension style. AIA b. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create a title block. 1:24 d. NCSESA 2. s Change lineweight. Metric d. is defined as what? a. Using AIA Standards. UBC c.Standards and Building Codes . s Create a text style. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create text. dimension styles. a.02 d. s Create dimensions. A unit 4. False 3. An architect b. NCTM d.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a. General Questions 1. S.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. To set the units in a project. Point offsets 3. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. False Summary/Questions s 133 . you use: a. Wall faces b. dimensions snap to: a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Application menu > Properties b. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False 6. True b. you click: a. a. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Wall centerlines c. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. To change the scale of a view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. By default. Wall midpoints d. a. In Revit Architecture. False 4. True b. To create a new sheet.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 4.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Align walls. Lesson Plan 1. 2. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 6. you will be able to: s Create a wall.

List the different types of occupancy. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. separate. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. and protect its interior spaces. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. After completing this lesson. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. or filling in between. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. their construction and materials. them.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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but it disappears when you begin another action. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. indicating wall length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. click it to open an edit field. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. 5. Select the Single Line option. As you continue to move the cursor. 4. an angular dimension displays. Enter 10. After you create the wall.Brick on Mtl. Walls s 151 . (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Expand the Type Selector list. Stud. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Click to set the endpoint. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. the dimension updates incrementally.3. To modify a dimension.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Clear the Chain option. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . a dashed line displays. It will not print. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.

Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. click Modify to stop placing walls. 8. Select panel. enter 7. click Create Similar. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. On the Modify | Walls tab. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the View Control Bar. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. the controls may sit on top of one another. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click the Detail Level icon. Press ENTER. Set the Detail Level to Medium.Walls . The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top.6. The wall does not show any internal detail. 7. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. After setting the vertical wall's direction. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Depending on your zoom in the view. Click to start the next wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click the wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Create panel. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector.

Also. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that two dimensions display. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Walls s 153 . This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Click Modify. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Because you drew the wall from up to down. release the mouse button to set a new length. Select the right vertical wall. no matter where you move the cursor. an alignment line displays. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. 10.9. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Make the horizontal wall 8' long.

Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Sketch the walls as shown. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Click Cancel. Build panel. 14. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. 16. Right-click. 12. Select the lower vertical wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays.11.Walls . 15. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. When using the Chain option. On the Home tab. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Repeat. 13. click Wall.

In this exercise. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 20. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Zoom to Fit. 19. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. After clicking the second end. Walls s 155 . Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.rvt. Click Create Similar again. 17. Clear the Chain option.18. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click Modify.

Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Click Modify.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. trim. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Walls . fillet. You now remove the upper right corner. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Both split walls are shown below. you first split the walls at the intersections. The cursor changes to a razor blade. align. This exercise illustrates how to split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.rvt from the previous exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Only part of the wall highlights. 2. 3. To do this. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. and extend walls. Split Walls 1. 4. showing that there are now two separate wall sections.

Enter 5'. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. click Delete. click Undo and repeat the steps. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 4. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. click Create Similar. On the Options Bar. If you make a mistake. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Select any wall. Modify panel. You can also click the flip control.Fillet Walls 1. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 3. Walls s 157 . You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Create panel. 2. On the Modify | Walls tab. select Radius. On the Modify | Wall tab. 5. Click Fillet Arc.

To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Place an interior wall as shown. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. The Wall tool is still active. 3. select Basic Wall: Interior . 1. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 2. You align the wall in the next steps.Walls .

Pull the cursor straight up. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. The length is not critical. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s On the Options Bar. Click to create a wall. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. Walls s 159 .4. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. clear Chain.

The length is not critical. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This will be the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. 3. The walls can cross.Walls . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border. 2. 5. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 6. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the horizontal wall as shown.

you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7.rvt. In this exercise. align. fillet. Walls s 161 . and trim.

and vary in cost. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. 2. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. In the Project Browser. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Select the Exterior wall as shown. click Edit Type. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. On the Properties palette. satisfy different requirements. 3. The Modify tool is active by default.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design.Walls .

s Click Down twice. 6. For Name. Add two additional layers to the wall. 7.4. s Click the number of Layer 3. To edit the structure of the wall. has a Function you can edit. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Walls s 163 . the wall structure should be as shown. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Every layer of a wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. 8. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. When you are finished. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Click Insert twice. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. except Core Boundary. s Click Up. s Click the arrow at the right. click Edit in the Structure value field. 5. Click OK. s Select Finish 1 [4].

Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 13. s Set the Material to Wood . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Exterior . Material.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 11. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Stud Layer. select Finishes . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Set the Material to Finishes . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Modify the Function.Walls .9. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. which displays plan or section views. 10. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 12.

expand the Families branch. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Click Apply to update the view. select Medium.14. 15. In the Project Browser. 16. 17. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. From the Detail level list. Walls s 165 . On the Properties palette.

Right-click 8" Exterior. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. defined a new wall structure. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. From the Type Selector list. You opened an existing file. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 19. Close the file without saving.Walls . 20. In this exercise. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. The model opens in a 3D view. 3. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. such as a weatherproof outside surface. you create and modify vertically compound walls. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . 2. In this exercise. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Stud walls as shown. a structural mid-section.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. for example.Brick on Mtl. Be sure to select the wall and not a window.rvt. and a decorated interior surface. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. You can define a wall type with these elements. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Select one of the Exterior . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. wood rails. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1.

You can assign different materials to regions. either horizontally or vertically. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. You change the type. Wall structures are Type Properties. When you split a layer. 2. 1. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. To split a layer or region horizontally. You can set the sample height to any value. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu.Walls .4. If not already expanded. 6. 7. 5. into regions. To split a layer or region vertically. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Click Split Region. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. To define the structure of the wall. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or you will lose your changes. click Edit. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. In this exercise. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. so all instances of this type change. You can split regions into other regions. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 8. in the Structure value field. As indicated in the dialog box title. highlight one of the borders. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box.

In this case. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click to split the region into two parts. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. When you merge regions. 2. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.Brick layer. 1. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Prehighlight a border between regions.3. After merge. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge them. 4. Click to merge the two layers. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Walls s 169 . Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 3. assign Layer 1. The upper split disappears. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.

3. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 2. 1. indicating that it is modifiable. Click again to return to the original position. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Press ENTER. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. instead of down. Next.Walls . If you set the split offset down from the top. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. to the next parallel line. After a region is split. Click the temporary dimension text.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. In the Edit dialog box. Change the value to 12. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Click Insert. click Modify. To create a new wall layer. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. 3. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Revit converts the value to 12' 0". which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. The dimension text turns blue. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. s Select the split line. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 2. 1. 4.

Click OK.Brick Soldier Course layer. as shown. 7. 10. Merge Region. Change the Material to Masonry . click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK. Close the file without saving. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. it highlights in blue in the preview window. It immediately highlights in blue. All walls of this type have been changed. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 5. Split Region. Modify. 8. and Insert Layer tools. 6. Click Assign Layers. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. In this exercise. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course. It also shows a thickness value. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.4. Walls s 171 . 9. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. because it is now the selected layer.

STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. installed.Walls . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. earth. ducting. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and insulation. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. piping.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but also the natural lighting.Doors and Windows . Custom types and sizes can also be built. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. the view.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. and to protect property values. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 .

186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . must be provided by the window being used as an egress. if there is no other escape route. An unobstructed opening of 5.Doors and Windows .7 sq. ft. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20".

and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Some families are loaded into each empty file. and furniture are defined in family files. and copy these elements. and how to position. Components such as doors. technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. how to load additional door and window families. s Center a door in a wall. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and Language Arts. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows. In this unit. Engineering. you learn how to place doors and windows. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. move. engineering. s Copy windows. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM).

When placing doors in a plan view. click Door. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. 2. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. In other words. elevation view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. To reverse the swing. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Build panel. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. On the Home tab. To flip the door. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. This can be done in a plan view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Add Doors 1. Once a door is placed. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. or 3D view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. 3. the door swing would be to the left side.

walls. The display does not change.Load Families 1. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Click Open. click Load Family. on the Modify | Place Door tab. 2. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. From the Type Selector list. Doors and Windows s 189 . Select the door Double-Panel 2.rfa. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. and windows into project files. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. except for the Type Selector. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. In order to keep file size small. With the Door command active. Mode panel. 3.

select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.Doors and Windows . 5. If necessary. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. From the Type Selector. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

To Doors and Windows s 191 . change a temporary dimension. or by using the swing control arrows.6. Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. Remember. simply click it and enter the correct value. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click.

7.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors.

Add Windows 1. Open Unit5_doors. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Build panel. To reverse the window after performing another operation. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. elevation view. When placing windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. You can place windows in a plan view. the outside of the window is to the left side. From the Type Selector. 2. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. or 3D view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. approach the wall from the right side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. On the Home tab.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click Modify and select the window. click Window.

In this exercise.3. you opened an existing project. loaded a door family. You do not need to add dimensions.rvt. 4. Window tags do not number in sequence. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 5. Place seven more windows as shown. and placed windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.Doors and Windows . placed doors.

Dimension panel. 1. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. s Align and modify walls. click Aligned.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 2. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. On the Annotate tab. and so on. you open an existing project file. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . window. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. 4. constrain it to be centered in a wall. place a door. wall. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. and modify the wall. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door.

The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door changes location. 2. 5. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. the other wall will remain aligned. Align Walls 1. Click it and it changes as shown. Select the upper wall first.s s s s Click the left wall. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the center of the door.Doors and Windows . Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The walls are now aligned. 6. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the right wall. Notice the symbol. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.

4. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. 3.) The dimension value is now shown. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value. The walls shift and remain aligned. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Change the dimension to 16. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Doors and Windows s 197 . Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 5. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Right-click.

you placed a continuous dimension.rvt.6. 7. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. In this exercise. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.Doors and Windows . 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Doors and Windows s 199 . 2.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 4. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Create panel. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time.rvt. click Create Similar. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. On the Modify | Windows tab. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 1. especially if there are many different types. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. In this exercise.

Doors and Windows . Select the window you just placed.Copy Windows 1. click Copy. The window is copied. 3. The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 4. Modify panel. 2. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. On the Modify | Windows tab. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

rvt. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6.5. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. The stability of glass in response to wind. heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.

s Place a window. Custom 3. 32" d. s Align a door or window. 28" b. General Questions 1. 34" 4. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. a. 40" d. s Position a door or window. 32" b. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Standard b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 36" c. you learned to: s Place doors. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Copy a door or window. False 2. 30" c. If a room is used for sleeping. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building.

Right-click. Properties 3. c. False 2. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. The center snap 7. a.Doors and Windows . a. Load from Library b. Select the door. A reference plane b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Link c. True b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. 4. Copy 8. 6. a. False 5. a. Duplicate d. Use door grips to reposition. Load c. To center a door or window in a wall.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. a. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Click Flip Direction. you use: a. Insert d. Clone b. d. Select the door. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. d. you use ________. To change the location of a door or window. Click Modify > Flip Direction. True b. c. Click Door Properties. True b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Offset c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. Click Door Properties. b. you: a.

Review stairs and railings. s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Create railings. (Student) Evaluate students. 6. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 4.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.

Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. stair and railing types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.

engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Engineering. Technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Then. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Once the actual riser height is determined. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.Stairs and Railings . such as ice and snow.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

Technology. of certain horizontal depth or run. You can define straight runs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. As you move the cursor. you will be able to: s Create stairs. In multistory buildings. Engineering. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. This lesson relates to technology. You create stairs in a plan view. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Add a railing. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . ramps. The riser and run values update accordingly. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. s Create U-shaped stairs. and spiral stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. or tread. Math (STEM). s Modify stairs. which includes elevators. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. engineering. When you click to establish the start point of stairs.Stairs and Railings . Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. or vertical circulation. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. U-shaped stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and Language Arts. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. and math standards. For safety reasons. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels.

Zoom in Region to the lobby. On the Properties palette. Before you create the stairs. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This enables you to place the stairs properly. 3. Stairs and Railings s 217 . you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. From the courseware datasets folder. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This file is in metric units.rvt.

In this case. you create a straight run. Click OK to close the dialog box. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. click Stairs. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.Stairs and Railings .4. Circulation panel. 5. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). These tools are used to define your stairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Run is preselected. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. On the Home tab. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

10. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 9.6. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. If you have not fully created the run. Stairs and Railings s 219 . select Finish (green check). Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. On the Mode panel. You can continue to move the cursor up. As you move the cursor up. To change the run dimension. and then click to define the run of stairs. 7. Revit displays the number of risers you created. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Select this intersection point to start your run. You can also enter a distance of 4400. 8.

Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. In this exercise.11. click application menu > Save As > Project. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. To avoid overwriting the original file. you created and placed a straight run stair.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.Stairs and Railings . 12. 13. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. and switched to a 3D view.

You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.rvt. The stair is not centered on the landing. click Align. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Level 1. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Activate view Floor Plans. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Edit panel. On the Modify tab.

Stairs and Railings . On the Options Bar. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Click the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. Click the center of the wall first.4. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. 5. If you have a scroll mouse. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. which is located at the center of the stairs. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. from the Prefer list. The Align command remains active. select Wall centerlines. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.

study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Select the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . click Edit Type. s For Name. Hover the cursor over the railing. On the Properties palette. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box.6. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. railings were created with the stairs. On the Properties palette. enter Lobby Stairs. and Dimensions subsections. s Click OK. 7. As you prehighlight them. Change Width to 1350. In the Project Browser. expand Sections (Building Section). Graphics. 8. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. 9. s Click Duplicate.

Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Stairs and Railings . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Lobby Stair View. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.10.

14. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. s Zoom in on the stairs. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. 13. Next. Mode panel. click Edit Sketch. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top.12. The railings change. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Delete this line. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. The stair changes to the run sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Click it to select it. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. In the Type Selector.

On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. click Boundary. click the left end of the top riser. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 19. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Click Modify. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Modify panel. To place the second arc endpoint. Click to place the arc. 16. 18.Stairs and Railings . s Select the arc boundary you just created.15. 17. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.

Delete the first (bottom) riser line. 20. First. For the third point. the arc center point. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click CenterEnds-Arc. On the Draw panel. Click to exit the Mirror command. This will define a rounded first step. Next. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. click Riser.21. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary.

228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Finish. You also modified the properties of a railing.22. Open the {3D} view to see the results. On the Mode panel. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.Stairs and Railings .rvt. In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. you modified stair properties and boundaries.

s s Sketch a Railing 1. 2. Stairs and Railings s 229 . In this case. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Therefore.rvt from the previous exercise. The completed exercise To create a railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. 3. you need to define a path for the railing. you sketch the plan view path. To make sure you are selecting the railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Select the right side railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Click Modify.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. This is typically done in plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. For simple railings.

click Edit Path. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Then.Stairs and Railings . Mode panel. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. select Chain. The dimensions are shown as a guide.4. on the Modify | Railings tab. To set the exact distance. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. edit the temporary dimension. You do not need to add dimensions. s s On the Options Bar. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Once the railing is selected. click Line. 7. 5. 6. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. On the Draw panel.

You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 8. 9. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. In this exercise.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete your lines and try again. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Stairs and Railings s 231 .

You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. set the Offset value to 850. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. In this exercise. Create a Reference Plane 1. s On the Home tab.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Work Plane panel. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. s On the Options Bar. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. In a floor plan view. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. the stairs appear as a U-shape. you create a reference plane.

Click OK twice. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 5. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. For Name. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. To start sketching the run. 3. Matte 2. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. 4. click Stairs. change the Width parameter to 900. 6. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click Edit Type. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. On the Properties palette. Circulation panel. On the Home tab.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Dark Gray. enter Exit Stairs. Click OK. Pull the cursor straight up.

234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Click to place the first run. If you have trouble making the correct distance display.7. Move the pointer to the right. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. enter 1925. 8. with none remaining to be created. Press ENTER. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 9. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to finish the stair run.Stairs and Railings .

On the Stairs panel. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. To remove the lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. click Finish Stairs. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Remove the additional lines. you select Continue to return the sketch. On the View Control bar. but they are hidden behind walls. 11. Stairs and Railings s 235 . it is because you have overlapping lines. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. If you get an error message.10. 2. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously.

so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 6.rvt.3. Select the stairs so they highlight. 5. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The walls are now hidden. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. In this exercise. On the View Control Bar. This is a multistory stair. and to create a U-shaped stair. Reset the Display 1. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. 2. you learned to create a reference plane. 3.Stairs and Railings . 4. The exterior walls reappear. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the Properties palette. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Zoom in to see your stairs. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Finally.

ramps. escalators. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators.

Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. They cost less. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Include landings as required by your local building code. but they can also be highly decorative. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. and deliver riders without wait time.Stairs and Railings . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. smoke guards. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . this openness makes them fire hazards.

25 degrees b. a. b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. General Questions 1. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 45 degrees c. True b. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 2. and all treads should be the same run. 180 degrees 3. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 90 degrees d. s Create railings. a. 32" c. a. you learned to: s Create stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 30" b. s Modify stair boundaries. 36" d. 40" 4.

Modify c. risers b. True b. a. Align Railing d. True b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Home b. that is. Rectangle c. risers 3. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Run. risers and treads. Manage d. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. you use the _______ option. a. Insert 2. Treads.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Stairs and Railings . False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. False 6. riser lines c. Fasten Railing 5. Boundary lines. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. riser d. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Attach Railing c. Circle 4. a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Arc d. Railings. Pick New Host b. Line b. To create railings on stairs without railings.

(Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 8.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Evaluate Students. s Place fascia. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 5. (Student) 4. (Student) 6. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 9. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.

The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. gutters. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.Roofs . Calculate the rise. It addresses roof construction. roof types. After completing this lesson. run. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. tiles.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Identify the different roof types. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and downspouts. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.

This lesson relates to science. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Rake: The inclined. Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Roofs s 243 . s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. technology. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. and Language Arts. Technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

They come in several types. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. resistance to wind and fire. as well as how effective a shelter it is. About Roofs s 245 . The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. maintenance. rot. maintenance. snow. resistance to wind and fire. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and sun. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. the roofing pattern. and low maintenance roofing material. durability. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. resulting in at least one textured face. are designed for shedding water and snow.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. durability. the roofing pattern. brands. both low and steep. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. Sloped roofs. and color. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. These are used more often on upscale homes. and sunlight. texture. and if visible. and if visible. and colors. fire-resistant. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. texture. You can use them for many different applications.

the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. When choosing the insulation for your job. and insulating capability (R-value). s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. fiberglass. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. reinforced plastic. special characteristics (for example. Unfortunately. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. choose a type that will suit your needs. galvanized steel. and so forth). treatment for insects. This same roof on a clear. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. odor. galvanized steel. zinc alloy. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. consider such factors as cost. Therefore. They are fire-resistant. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. and require little maintenance. durable. quality. or corrugated structural glass. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic.Roofs . The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. the requirements for underlayment. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . These are commonly used in French-style houses. Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Shed One basic face with a slope.

Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . The run value is typically equal to 12. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. where as. and span. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. A number indicates the value of the rise. run.

7 and 12. 7-12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch is noted as a fraction.When designing a roof. 7 to 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.Roofs . try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 on 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.

or eaves. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. dormers. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. snow. s Assign roof structure and materials. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. To create a roof by face. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Create a hip roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. or roof overhangs. Once you create a roof. Roofs s 255 . s Place gutters. s Create a roof fascia. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. or ice. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you can add gutters. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. that convey rainwater to drains. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Create various roof types. and fascia. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. water. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. often supporting a gutter. soffits. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice.

technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Engineering.Roofs . engineering. and math standards.

the top of the roof profile is sketched. 3. select the Name option. 2. To create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Open ADA_Roofs. Click OK to continue. 4.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.rvt. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. you create an extruded roof. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .

5. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Draw panel. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 4. In the Go To View dialog box. select Section: Section 1. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Click Open View.Roofs . click Line. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Before sketching the roof's profile. click Ref Plane. 6. The section view should display as shown. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. s Use the image below for guidance. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 2. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. On the Work Plane panel.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using the image below for guidance. Roofs s 259 . s Click the EQ toggle. Using a positive offset value.6. s Select the new dimension. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click Modify. 5. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

5. Click OK. click Line. Click Modify. The name displays when you select the reference plane. you can label them. for Name. 7.Roofs . 3. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 1. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 2. 6. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. s On the Options Bar. enter Horizontal.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Chain. Right-click.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view.12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9.8.

This is a two-step process. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Using the images for guidance. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 2. On the Modify tab.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Edit Geometry panel. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Join/Unjoin Roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 1. carefully select the far right roof edge. 3.Roofs .

However. Select both walls. open the view Sections: Section 1. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 263 . Select the roof.4. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 3. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. On the Modify Wall panel. click Attach: Top/ Base. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Trim Walls 1. In the Project Browser. select Attach Wall: Top. 2. This will join the wall tops to the roof.

Roofs .4. The roof now looks correct. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5.

The inner loops define openings in the roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. On the Home tab. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Build panel.rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint. In this exercise. from existing walls. 3. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. a dialog box is displayed. 4. by Footprint. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 1. Click Yes. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. so you look straight down as in a plan. Unit7_first_roof. select Garage Roof.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Because you are in a 3D view. From the drop-down list.

8. Next. clear the Defines slope option. select the vertical wall on the left. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 7. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . Use the image below for guidance. s On Options Bar. click Defines Slope. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.0". To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. click Pick Walls. 6.Roofs . If you place a line on the wrong side. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.

roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Roofs s 267 . you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the left slope defining line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 2. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. defining lines separately. Other controls also display. That value displays next to the slope arrow. change the value to 6"/12". Click the 9"/12" text. By default. To complete the roof. click Yes. It becomes an editable field. Click Modify. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 1. 3. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click beside the edit box to enter the value.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Select the right side roof line. click Finish. The new roof displays. Change this value to 6"/12".

4.Roofs . 5.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

you create a gable roof using a footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. To chain-select all of the walls. Build panel. 4. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file opens to a 3D view. click to select them. Roofs s 269 . On Home tab. On the Options Bar. 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.rvt. When all of the walls prehighlight. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Clear Defines Slope. set the overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.

sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 4. 2. Zoom into the chimney area. 3. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Using the image for guidance.Create a Roof Opening 1.Roofs . verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Draw panel. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Right-click. As an alternate. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Options Bar. click Rectangle.

On the Options Bar. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. click Yes. Roofs s 271 . 6. 5. Click Finish. Select the uppermost. Select the left lower horizontal line. On the Options Bar.Add Slope Lines 1. The slope indicator displays. Click Modify. 3. 4. select the Defines Slope. 2. As in the previous exercise. horizontal line. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. select Defines Slope.

In this exercise. attached walls. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7. 8. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.rvt. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.Roofs . and chimney penetration.

rvt.0". Build panel. 4. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file should open to a 3D view. Create the Roof 1. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. you create a hip roof. 5. Select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. 3. set Overhang to 2' . 2. Roofs s 273 . Zoom into the area shown. The completed exercise On the Home tab.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select the three walls shown in the image. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.

Raise the Roof 1. To close the roof sketch.0". 6. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. s On the Draw panel. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. click Line. Switch to a 3D View. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Click OK. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .Roofs .7. Click Finish to complete the roof. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. On the Properties palette. In addition. s s Clear Defines Slope. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Right-click the ViewCube. 3. 2. you use the Line tool.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

Roofs .2. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. In this exercise. and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

rvt. 7. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 5. 2. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Roofs s 277 . 4. On the Draw panel. 6. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 3. click Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Create a Shed Roof 1. click Line. Clear Defines Slope.

8. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 9. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the line. 12. 13. Click Modify. 11. On the Properties palette. 10. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Select the lower. Set the Slope to 6" / 12".Roofs . horizontal line at the front of the roof.

Roofs s 279 . click Yes. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Switch to a 3D view. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 17.14. 15. 16. Click OK. 18.rvt.

Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. On the Properties palette. You see four levels defined in the model. 2. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. The roof updates. Select the Roof. Open the Default 3D view. select Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Activate the view North Elevation. On the menu bar. Cutoff Level list. 5. 4.rvt.Roofs . You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise.

you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.6. On the Draw panel. 8. 7. on the Properties palette. Roofs s 281 . set the slope value to 3"/12". Select the inner rectangle as shown. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 13. 10. click Pick Lines. On the Home tab. To set the slope for the new roof. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Options Bar. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D View. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. select Defines Slope. Zoom and spin to see your model. 11. 12.rvt. Finish the Roof. 9.

Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. In the Type Selector. 3. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. The file should open to a 3D view. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . thereby reducing energy consumption.Roofs .rvt. 1. Select the main roof over the house. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 2. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.

5. 2.Define a Roof Structure 1. 3. Select Layer 2 as shown. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. For Structure Value. 4. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. It is a generic roof type. s Click OK. enter Clay Tile. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit. click Edit Type. Select the roof over the garage. Roofs s 283 . Click Insert to add a layer. For Name. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.

In the Fill Pattern dialog box. In this exercise. 7. s Click OK. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. The garage roof displays a pattern. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 8. 6.Roofs . select Model. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.s s s In the Materials dialog box. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK twice.

3. or for decoration. On the Insert tab. to support a gutter. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.rvt. 2. In the Open dialog box. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Roof > Fascia. On the Home tab. Click Open. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof.rfa. Roofs s 285 . 4. In this exercise.

For Name. Click Duplicate.Roofs . In the Type Properties dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory. click Edit Type. Set the Material value to Metal . for Profile. 6.5. Click OK. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Matte. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.

8. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Roofs s 287 . 9. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. you defined and applied a roof fascia. In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.

The file should open to a 3D view. For Name. On the Home tab. Click OK.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . you add gutters to a building. click Roof > Gutter. Place Gutters In this exercise. Under Material parameter. so as not to detract from the design of the building. select Metal Aluminum. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. Click OK. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 1. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.rvt. select Gutter .Bevel: 5" x 5". 5. 2. The completed exercise 4. s Click Duplicate. click Edit Type. under Profile parameter.

Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. In this exercise. If you click the interior face. 10. the gutter displays on the wrong side. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 8.7. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 11.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Segments will clean up at corners. you attached gutters to a roof. 9. Roofs s 289 . Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

and cold. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. heat.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house.

False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. High d.Roofs . Hip c. Low b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Gable b. s Place gutters. Medium c. True b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Shed 4. When referring to roof slope. General Questions 1. Gambrel d. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. the run is always 12. s Place fascia. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. None of the above 3. s Define a roof structure. a. False 2.

a. Sketch c. A compound roof contains layers. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Create an opening. Footprint. b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Footprint b. TAB b. SHIFT c. ENTER 4. profile. a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. True b. a. Footprint. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Change the direction of the slope. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. sketch. ______ or _______. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Change the direction of the roof. To add a slope to a roofline. a. profile 2. False 5. extrusion. Walls. face b. Material 8. Extrusion d. a. Defines Slope c. DEL d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . you use: a. Trim/Extend b. pick d. Footprint b. True b. Slope c. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Walls d. Sketch. Create Slope d. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Add Slope b. Activate Slope 9. place a check mark next to: a. a. extrusion. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. lines c. Cut/Lengthen c. c. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Roofs can be created using ______. False 7. d. Face 3. 10. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Turn slopes on or off. Expand/Contract 6.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create a section view.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create slope annotations.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.

and tool racks. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . bathrooms. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . After completing this lesson. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Sections are used to examine the roof. the location of special equipment. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. floor. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. In a commercial structure. and special equipment. cabinetry. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. In a residential building.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. the kitchen.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. engineering. Math (STEM).Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. and Language Arts. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology.

s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. on the long axis of the building. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned.Sections and Elevations . and foundation plans. framing. t Cross or transverse sections. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. across its narrower dimension. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and are properly cross-referenced. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.

unnecessary. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. full.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. For larger elevations. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s The position relationship between different elements. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Sections and Elevations .

and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. cars. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Therefore. and then the name of the material. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. South. The size of the object is listed first. With interior elevations. followed by any additional information about spacing. For siding. For example. For a wood structure. this is reversed. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. people. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. quantity. however. or methods of installation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the titles assigned (North. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and so forth. East. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building." Mfr. Unnecessary Information Shades. bushes. shadows. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. You may. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation.

The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. or MDF. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. It may have curves. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. tile. and materials used. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". This is usually done using a topset. This is more costly than regular overlay. windows. and lip. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. doors and direction of door swings. Hinges are concealed. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. casements. and other appliances. The trim is usually glued into place. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". flush overlay. other openings. dishwashers. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. and types of finish materials used. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths.Sections and Elevations . This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. coving. which is a formed pressboard. chamfers. wood. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. doors. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is usually made of plaster. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. and special equipment such as toilets. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. or a baseboard. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". or decorative patterns. or linoleum) and the wall. It can also be used around doorways and windows. shelf arrangements.

This automatically creates the section view in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. which you can then add to a sheet. s Change the section head. s Create an interior elevation. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Place a section view on a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings.

the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. engineering. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Once created.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Technology. technology. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and Language Arts. Engineering. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. like an elevation. A section is a horizontal view. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Sections and Elevations . Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design.

provided its crop region intersects the view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. For example. or other section view. elevation. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it includes a crop region to resize the view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations .

s Add structural details. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Add detail notes. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Details are crucial for effective construction. Once you create the detail section. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The slope is the ratio rise:run. So. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. which is spoken as 2 in 12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . In the example shown. tracing over the existing elements. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Add breaklines as needed. such as anchor bolts and siding. In a set of construction documents. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views.

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations .

Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 4. 3. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The completed exercise 6.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The file opens to a 3D view. Create panel. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. click Section. Open the file ADA_Sections. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. On the View tab. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.rvt. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The Section command is available from the View tab. Create a Section View 1. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 2.

3. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building.Sections and Elevations . the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. With the section line selected. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. 2. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. This is called the crop region. Section Properties 1. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. and it has control grips to resize it. The actual location is not critical. On the Properties palette. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane.

Clear Crop Region Visible. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them.4. The section view updates.rvt. 6. The view is listed in your Project Browser. you automatically created a section view. 7. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit8_section1. 8. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. In this exercise. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 5. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. When you drew the section line.

5.1 point Filled. 2.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Load Family. and Section Head . For Name. Several section head families are available. 7. In this exercise.rvt. They include Section Head . On the Manage tab. enter Open Arrow.Filled. Section Head . On the Insert tab.rfa.No Arrow.Sections and Elevations . you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Click OK. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. The view does not change. Select Section Head-Open. click Duplicate. 3. 6. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 4. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Load from Library panel. Settings panel. Click Open to load the family. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.

select Open Arrow. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. select Section Head . 9. Save as Unit8_section_open. click Edit Type. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click OK. 10. 13. 11. For Section Head. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.rvt. For Name. On the Properties palette. The section head updates to the new head type. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click OK.Open. Click Duplicate. 14. In the Section Tag field. In this exercise. Select the section line.8. enter Open Arrow. 12.

select the border of the callout. On the View tab. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Use the image below for guidance. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 6. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. On the Options Bar. 5. 3. click Callout. 4. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create panel.Sections and Elevations . Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 2. This is a building section.rvt. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". To reposition the callout head.

Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Annotate tab. On the Draw panel. 4. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. click Region > Filled Region.7. region patterns. but not strongly. 1. 3. detail components. 2. Line is selected automatically. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. You can add detail lines. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. as shown. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. On the Properties palette. select Chain. 8. On the Options Bar. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall.rvt.

Click OK. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. For Name. 6.5. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.Sections and Elevations . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . enter Earth. Click Modify. 7. On the Properties palette. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Select the upper and right side lines.

click Load Family. On the Mode panel. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . click Component > Detail Component. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. 2. Detail panel. On the Place Detail Component tab.rfa. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. the pattern becomes visible. 1. Sections and Elevations s 319 . From the Fill Pattern list. 9. If you zoom in closer. Detail panel. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. select Finish (green check).8. Click Open. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. On the Annotate tab. Click OK.Section. 3.

From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 5. In the Specify Types dialog box.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

Move it after placement if necessary. 7. Using the image below for guidance. select Plywood. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector. Add another Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 321 . You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.6. From the Type Selector list. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.

The exact vertical placement is not critical.Sections and Elevations . This component represents the subflooring. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 10. Use the image below for guidance. select anchor bolt. 12. Click Modify. set the Thickness to 3/4". From the Type Selector.9. 11. Click Component > Detail Component. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Select the vertical plywood. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. On the Properties palette.

Click Modify. select Copy. 14. Use the image below for guidance.13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Multiple. Add another Detail Component. On the Options Bar. From the Type Selector. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Lap Siding. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.

Detail panel. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 16. 2. click Detail Line. On the Annotate tab. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .15. From the Line Style Selector. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. select Wide Lines. Start at the end of the siding.Sections and Elevations . Add Detail Lines 1. Save the file.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.3. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 4. 5. Still using Wide Lines.

Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 9. On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Detail panel. The wall display updates. identified as Wall material 1. 2. click Insulation. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Next. 10. Add Insulation 1. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Edit in the Structure field. Save the file. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Select the wall so it highlights. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Right-click. 8. 7. Click Modify.6. select the Material field in row 3. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section.

From the Type Selector. select Break Line. Sections and Elevations s 327 .2. On the Annotate tab. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Your view should resemble the image shown.

You place another breakline. Click Zoom to Fit. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 5. you created a detail section view and added filled regions.Sections and Elevations . 6. Place the breakline as shown. and detail components to it. 7. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Save the file. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. In this exercise. detail lines. The view should resemble the image shown.4. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The Detail Component tool is still active. To complete the detail. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.

The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). s Clear Annotation Crop. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. quantity. and ventilation methods in construction documents. To add notes. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 1. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.rvt. weatherproofing. 3. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. or methods of installation. The size of the object is listed first. 2.

click Two Segments. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 10.Sections and Elevations . 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 6. click Text. Move the pointer up 11. On the Annotate tab. 7. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. leader arrow as shown. From the Type list. Finally. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 12. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 9. 8.4. 5. On the Format panel.4" WEATHERING. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. R13. Text panel. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. insulation. As you pull your cursor to the right.

Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 14..C.C. CONT is short for Continuous. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. O. Sections and Elevations s 331 . You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 20.. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.13. or wood treated with preservative against rot.TYPE X. 18. is an acronym for On Center. 19. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 5/8" GWB . 17. 16. 15.C.C. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. . Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.

Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.Sections and Elevations . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 22. Click ENTER to start a second line. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit.. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 21.rvt. 23.

You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.rvt. In the Project Browser. 3. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Locate the A-Landscape. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 2. click Load.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 6. Click Open. highlight Sheets. or elevation view. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Right-click. section. The new sheet becomes the current view. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Highlight your title block. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In this exercise. 5. Click New Sheet. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. you will want to add the views to a sheet. and locate the detail view on it.

select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.Sections and Elevations . 8. Select a Level Line. 9. Drag it to the right. On the View Control Bar. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Both Level ends will move together. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. click Show Crop Region.7. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. close to the crop border. In the Project Browser. click Hide Crop Region. Click the control at its left end.

Right-click. Click OK. Click Rename.301. highlight the new sheet. In this exercise. enter S. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click Zoom to Fit. For Name.10. you: s Created a new sheet. 13. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. For Number. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. 12. 11. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.rvt. In the Project Browser. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.

Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select Elevations. and west. s Add material notes. south. four elevation views are included: north. Click OK. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 4. s Add any necessary dimensions. 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotations tab. east. 3. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Right-click. Open ADA_Elevations. s Set the display for building components as needed. s Add slope indication for roof. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 5. When you create a project with a template.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder.Sections and Elevations . It is defined by the green dotted line. 6. The elevation markers are now visible. 2.

4. On the Annotations tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Modelling tab. Next. Sections and Elevations s 337 . clear Sections. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. clear Planting. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. On the View Control Bar. 3. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view.2. Switch to an Elevation View 1.

Click Zoom to Fit. 8. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In this exercise. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Select the wall.7. On the Properties palette. 12. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 10. In Surface Pattern. and modified the wall display characteristics. you activated an elevation view.rvt. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . modified its display. In the Type Properties dialog box. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. select Edit in the Structure field. click to open the list. It will be identified as Condo . Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 9. 13.Sections and Elevations . Select Sand. click Edit Type.Exterior Stucco. Click the button that displays to select a material. 11.

Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Set the Leader type to One Segment. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Add a note for the stone wall. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. In the Type Selector. quantity. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 3. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 5. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 2. Add a note for the foundation. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. or methods of installation. Enter TX.rvt.

7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the exterior stucco.Sections and Elevations . 8.6. In this exercise. Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. 9. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.

On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. 3. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. enter 1/8". Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. For Offset from Reference. Click to select the roof line. from the Slope Representation list.rvt. select Triangle. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Click again to locate the slope indicator. click Spot Slope. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 2. 6. 4. 5. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. 1.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise.

Dimension panel. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.Sections and Elevations .7. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. click Aligned. Click to locate the slope indicator. 11. Click to select the roof line. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 9. Click Modify. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 10. On the Annotate tab. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.

To create a continuous dimension as shown. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and dimensions for clarity.12. select wall breaks and levels.rvt. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. The west elevation now contains material notes. Arrange notes. 14. 13. and vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . slope indicators. leaders.

and cabinetry. special closets. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Click Open View. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 2. Right-click. Click Find Referring Views. In this exercise. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. equipment rooms. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom.rvt. Highlight the view. dimensions. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. kitchens. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. This view was already defined in the drawing. 3. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.Sections and Elevations . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms.

Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select Suppress 0 Feet. 5. 6. click OK.4. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Clear Use Project Settings. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. s s s s Click Duplicate. 7. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Right-click. In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Dimension panel. Sections and Elevations s 345 . An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click the value field for Units Format 8. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. click Aligned.

you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. 10. detail the interior section.9. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. You modified a dimension style. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.rvt. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

such as north. General Questions 1. b. Show the relationships between elements. Not in Contract c. Cabinetry d. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Bathrooms and kitchens b. All of the above 5. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Either one. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Walls c. a. The direction the viewer is facing. is always the true orientation. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. False 3. s Create slope annotations. s Create material annotations. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. s Create a section view. Not in Concrete b. All of the above. d. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. it depends. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. True b. Nobody in Charge d. s Create filled regions. The direction the structure is facing. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. 4. c. 2. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure.

The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . East b. The Visual Style of the view. d. The dotted line indicates: a. North 3. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The boundaries of the view. False 5. Right-click. a.Sections and Elevations . The detail level of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. b. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. d. Click Add View. Which elevation is it? a. click Sheet Composition > View. Sun and Shadow b. False 2. South d. 4. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. you use: a. b. c. c. True b. b and c. but not a 6. West c. a. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Element properties c. On the View tab. The height of the view. True b.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. 3. Review Schedules. s Load a schedule tag. 5. 2.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan. About Schedules s 351 . and thickness. technology. such as reference number. and Language Arts. width. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Engineering. Technology.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Some of these building objects include. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). height.

352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. Instance. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. However. depending on the style of the architectural firm. the same primary information is included. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.Schedules .

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .

Using the software. hexagon. E for electrical. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedules . these tags can be placed automatically or manually. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. A circle.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Other letters are P for plumbing. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and A for appliances. The following image shows door. However. Like schedules. window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.

engineering. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. equipment. and Language Arts. rooms. and math standards. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Schedules list items such as doors. Project templates include preset schedules. Math (STEM). hardware. and you can create your own schedules. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Create a room schedule. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Technology. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. This lesson relates to science.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. s Add room tags. Engineering. Schedules s 355 . materials. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a schedule. windows.

Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. 2. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. and you set the schedule to display totals. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .

The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 7. 4. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Select Windows from the list. Height. select Comments. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Type Mark. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule.s Window Tag 5. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Add Count. Schedules s 357 . and Width. Level. In Available Fields. Click Add. 6. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. On the View tab. 3.

The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.8. Click OK to finish the schedule. Select the fields. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. from left to right. 9. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.

Select Blank Line. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 1. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 2. 3.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. From the Sort By list. but without any useful calculations yet. Schedules s 359 . click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.

360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In the lower left corner of the dialog box. click Edit. clear Itemize Every Instance. in this case). you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. Notice how the schedule has changed. 4. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.Schedules . in the Then By sorting field. select Level. 3. In the Project Browser. 1. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Rather than make a manual calculation. 2. In order to calculate the total number of windows. click the schedule name.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. you can have the schedule report this. for Sorting/ Grouping.

In this exercise. select Footer. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.5. Count. and Totals. click Edit 7. From the list. The totals for each window type now display.rvt. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Title. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. On the Properties palette. 6. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Schedules s 361 . This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.

Click Open.Schedules . click Overwrite the Existing Version.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 2. 5. On the Home tab. Room size. based on the amount of space in each room. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Open ADA_Room_Tags. In this exercise. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . occupancy. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Room & Area panel.rvt. floor type. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. click Room > Room. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. Locate the file named Room Tag.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 3. ceiling type. 4.

Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.In the Type Selector. click Room > Room Separation Line. Schedules s 363 . 6. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 7. a total of 7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. and in the hall as shown. 8. Room & Area panel. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab.

s Change the word Room to Manager. Place a room tag below the room separation line. Select Room #2. 10. 12. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Modify. An edit box activates. The area value for Room 7 updates. 11. On the Room & Area panel. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. The room tag updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click the Room text. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 13.Schedules . s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box.9. click Room.

for Name. Schedules s 365 . On the Properties palette. you: s Loaded a room tag. In this exercise.rvt. s Tagged various objects. s Changed room tag field values. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.14. 15. enter Sales. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Added a room separation.

Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. and Area to be included in your schedule. Name. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Set the Sort By value to Number. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 6. 4. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Number. Click Add--> after each selection. In the Available Fields pane. For Name. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Create a Room Schedule 1. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Schedules . 3. The completed exercise 5.rvt. enter Square Footage Report. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Create panel. Click OK. On the View tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 2.

clear Use Project Settings. Change the Heading to No. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Click Field Format. Select Title and Totals from the list. 8. s Select Calculate Totals. Select Grand Totals. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Number field. Highlight the Area field. 9. In the Format dialog box. s Set Alignment to Right. Click OK. 10. Schedules s 367 . s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Unit Symbol to SF.7.

368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 12. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. you: s Created a room schedule.Schedules . In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.11. s Totaled one of the columns.

This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Click OK. 4.rvt. On the application menu. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Click Save. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 2. Double-click it to open it. 3. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The file is created. you export the room schedule to a text file. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Browse to a directory to save your report. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Schedules s 369 . 5. locate the file you created. You can then use this file in other applications. Note the formatting that has been applied. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Using your Windows Explorer. 6.txt) file.

Schedules .7. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. In this exercise. 8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Close the text file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

False Summary/Questions s 371 . a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. A list of information that defines specific building objects. c. d. Matrix d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. None of the above. Quantity c. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. 2. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Instance 3. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Questions 1. What is a schedule table? a. s Reformat a schedule. False 4. Type b. s Export a schedule. b. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of sheets used in a project. True b. s Load a schedule tag. s Place a schedule tag. a.

View tab c. CSV d. Manage tab 3. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Modify 2. XLS c. Home d. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To export a schedule. use the ____ . Annotate b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu d. Annotate tab b. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. TXT b.Schedules . View c. a. a.

Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Lesson Plan 1. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 3. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Review Visualization.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Orient walls and windows. s Create a raytrace rendering. Technology. Finally. s Add planting components. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view. you create a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. and Language Arts. s Export a walkthrough. s Place a camera.Visualization . Engineering. s Create and edit a walkthrough. or camera on a path. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Math (STEM). s Export an FBX file. s Assign materials. s Export a DWG file. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson.

and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You worked on animations.rvt. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. s s 2. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. courseware datasets. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Open Unit2_custom_family. To prepare your model for rendering. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. s Make a camera view the active view.

All the exterior walls highlight in blue. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 5.Visualization . If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select one of the exterior walls. The walls now display layers of materials. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 4.3. Stud. Right-click. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select any exterior wall. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. The wall display updates. 6. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Repeat the process for the windows. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 8. 10. Click Change wall's orientation. Select the toposurface object. Click OK. you can: s s s 9.7. Select walls. Visualization s 377 . On the Properties palette. Open the Default 3D view. Right-click. Select Site: Grass. In addition to using the control arrows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.

rvt. On the application menu. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Select the file name. Depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Click OK in any notices and warnings. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.Visualization . select Autodesk (*. Open 3ds Max Design. 3. for Files of type. This will filter the file list. you have completed this exercise.FBX).11. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 2. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Note the file location. Export the Model to FBX 1. Select the Roof. and click Open. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. 12. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Import > Import.

click Next. There is no way to update it from Revit. Visualization s 379 . Open or return to Revit. 3. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Depending on your system resources.rvt.4. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you have completed this exercise. If necessary. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close the file without saving. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Note the file location. 2. Export the Model to DWG 1.

Open Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. click Attach This File.4. 8. click File. 9. 6. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Click Open. open Unit10_Export. On the application menu. Close the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click References > File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager . 5.max. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 7. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Select two windows as shown. Select the file name. Open or return to Revit. If necessary. Open 3ds Max Design.Visualization .

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. On the application menu. Visualization s 381 . 11. Open the 3D view. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the export file using the same name as before. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.10. 12. In the dialog box. Save the file. 13. The windows have updated.

Open or return to 3ds Max Design.14. s Close the File Link Manager. 15. Open the Files tab. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. The windows have changed. s Click Reload. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. In this exercise. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The linked file updates.Visualization . s Changed a material definition. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.

Open Unit10_Export. Create panel. In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the View tab. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. 2. as shown. change materials. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Place a Camera 1. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. 3. add plantings to the model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera.rvt. you place a camera in a model. click Camera. If you place the camera too close to the model. generate a rendering. Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view. and create a second rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module.

select Very Few Clouds. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 2. The camera will be visible.Visualization . Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Return to the perspective view. If necessary. The camera perspective view opens. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 5. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Open the Site view again. 6. Click Show Camera. click Show Rendering Dialog. 7. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.4. Render Setup 1. On the View Control Bar. Right-click.

s Click Render to create a new rendered image. click Site Component. Click Render. and Lighting. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Click Render.30' approximately as shown. Model Site panel. Open the Site view. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. 3. On the Massing & Site tab. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Visualization s 385 . Accept the default settings for Quality. Enhance the Model 1. Output Settings. 2. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary.3. Open view 3D View 1.

5. click Edit Type. click Save to Project. Select an exterior wall. On the Properties palette. The model displays in the view. select Roofing .4. and you can now select elements for editing. click Edit Type. Change Materials 1. In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Rendering dialog box. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. Click Edit in the Structure field. 3. click OK. In the Materials list. 5. 2. Revit places the image in its own view. 4. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Wood Shake. 6.Visualization . click Show the Model. In the Save to Project dialog box. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.

7. Click Edit in the Structure field. 9. Click Replace.10.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. Visualization s 387 . 8.

13. click Render.rvt. 14. click Save to Project. 15. 12. In the Rendering dialog box.11. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. Click OK. Save the file as Unit10_render.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Generated and captured a second render image. The new image is placed in its own view. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. Select Masonry . 16. s Edited materials in model components. In this exercise. In the Rendering dialog box. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . These images are now available as options to present to a client. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Created a raytrace setup.Visualization .

you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Open Unit10_render.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. click 3d View > Walkthrough. To place a key frame. s Edit the camera and path. The camera and path can be edited. Open floor plan view Level 1. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s View the animation in a media player. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. 2. 4. rendered. or frame. Each view. in a project model. and exported individually. Visualization s 389 . The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. 3. s On the View tab. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.rvt. click to the left of the model as shown. s Right-click. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Create panel. or walkthroughs. s Right-click again. Click Zoom Out (2x).

Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Repeat for all the key frames. 11. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 7. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Drag it to the left. click Finish Walkthrough. Select the direction control for the camera. 10. Walkthrough panel. The camera is located on the final key frame. so that the camera is pointing at the model. The Options Bar changes.Visualization . 9. 6.5. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 8. Walkthrough panel. click Edit Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.

Visualization s 391 . select Path. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. 3.12. If camera positions distort. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Check the view in several key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 2. 13. On the Walkthrough panel. click Next Key Frame. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. From the Controls list. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. Click Open.

Click Play. File Name. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . notice where you save the file. Export the Walkthrough 1. Click OK. 3. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Length/Format dialog box. On the application menu. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. click OK.Play the Walkthrough 1. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Revit generates the external AVI file. Click Save. The walkthrough plays in the view window.rvt. In the Video Compression dialog box. 4. 2.Visualization . 2. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.

6. Plan your class time accordingly. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player. such as shaded or rendering.5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Double-click the new file name. Visualization s 393 .

7. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player. If you have made changes to the building model.Visualization .

To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Align c. Export > FBX 3. Demolish 2. Save As > FBX c. you use: a. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. True b. s Export a DWG file. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Print to File b. s Export an FBX file. Split b. s Place a camera. a. a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Questions 1. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. False 2. s Assign materials. s Apply shading to a view. s Play a walkthrough. True b. s Export a walkthrough. View > Shading d. False Summary/Questions s 395 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Add planting components. s Orient walls and windows. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Flip Orientation d. a. you use: a. True b.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

foundations. you learn how to place structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams and braces. 5. 2. 6. and braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. Review structural columns. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. In the following exercises. Lesson Plan 1.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. beam systems. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . beams. 3.

398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

Structural . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. walls. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. and other building objects. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. especially columns. Knowing where structural members. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Create column grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Place beam systems and braces. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson. Engineering. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. Technology. and Language Arts.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Structural s 401 .

or reinforced concrete. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Structural columns can be steel. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. 3. spans without walls. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors.Hide Category. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. In residential construction. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult.Structural . click Temporary Hide/Isolate . you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Beams connect columns or walls. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. 2. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. click Column > Structural Column. this is known as post and beam construction. In this exercise. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. 1. beams can be steel. Open Deck Framing. Select a floor. or concrete. They come in types defined by size and shape. wood. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. As with columns. wood. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. often mainly glass. On the View Control Bar.

4. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. On the View Control Bar. 5. and 4B. click Depth. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 8. 6. In the Type Selector. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the Options Bar. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 3A. Structural s 403 . Click the edge of the right floor to select it. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 7.

Click Hide In View > Element.Structural . rail. In the Project Browser. Place Beams 1. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click OK. and columns clearly. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 2. Right-click. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 11.9. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 10. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view).

s In the view window. On the Structure tab. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. Structure panel. 4. 5.3. On the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. click Beam. To place beams: Structural s 405 . click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. Click. select Chain.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 6. Click Modify. 7. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . On the Properties palette.

12.rvt. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Beam. Click on grid intersection B4. Click. click Make Wall Bearing. 11. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. In this exercise. Structure panel. Click Modify. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab.8. as shown. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Structural s 407 . 9. On the Properties palette. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click OK.

408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. In this exercise. 4. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Pick Supports. On the Structure tab. 3. Place Beam Systems 1. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click No. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. s Place braces. The completed exercise 5. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. click Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1. you: s Place beam systems. Open Deck Beams. or number of beams in a bay. distance. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click Sketch Beam System.Structural .rvt. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. Structure panel.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. On the Draw panel. 7. as shown. Structural s 409 .6. click Line.

Click the beam on Grid 2. On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette.6". Trim as necessary. 11. Click Finish. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. click Pick Supports. click Line. s s On the Draw panel. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s 9. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. On the Mode panel. 10.Structural . s s s On the Draw panel. set Elevation to -0'-9". click Create Similar.2".8. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens.

set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. 3. 5. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. click Brace. In the Project Browser. as shown. Click to place the elevation. unlike regular elevations. On the View tab. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. It has an automatic work plane. 2. Structural s 411 . double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Structure panel. On the View Control Bar. Create panel. On the Structure tab. Adjust the view crop region as shown.Place Braces 1. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 4.

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Click Modify. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 7. In the view window. In the Type Selector. 8. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.Structural .6. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 9. Repeat the brace going right to left. to start the brace.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. In this exercise. you: s Placed beam systems. Save the file as Deck structure. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces.rvt.10. 11.

In this exercise. and section views. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. but they can also be angular and radial. and walls. The numbering automatically increments. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Structural . You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. In plan views. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. click in the lower left to start a grid line. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid datasets. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You can change a grid number at any time. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Pull the cursor straight up. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. click Grid. 2. This is a common step early in designing a large building. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. The exact location is not critical. beams. as shown. elevation. s s In the view window. Datum panel. The exact length is not critical.

The Grid tool is still active. Structural s 415 . The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to start another grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line.3. Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". 4.

Grid 3 is already the selection set. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. The new grid line will be number 3. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s Select Grid Line 2. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.5. Press ENTER. Press ENTER. Enter A at the keyboard.Structural . click to place the grid line. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. close to the heads. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Repeat to create grid line 4. Pull the cursor to the right. Click to start a grid line. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 6. click Copy. Pull the cursor to the left. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. The new grid line is number 5. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. 7.

10.1 is still selected. Change the number to 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Structural s 417 . Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. The Grid tool is still active.8. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Grid 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This completes the main grid. s Select grid 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. This grid line will be number B. s Click Copy. 11. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 9. s Click to place the grid line.1. On the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. click the elbow control to place an offset.

Create a Radial Column Grid 1. click Pick. enter 15. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Draw panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. On the Home tab. click Grid.000 o . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. set Offset to 15'-0".Structural . s s Click grid intersection D3. Press ENTER. 3. Zoom to Fit. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". select Center-Ends Arc. On the Options Bar. 4. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. s Click to start the grid line. In the Radius field. Click to place the grid head. Change the number to EE. The Grid tool is still active. click Radius. Create panel. Click in the new grid bubble.

The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click to place grid FF. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. 7.5. 6. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. You will need to identify it easily. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Structural s 419 . Select grid 3 to show its controls.

s Click grid intersection D3. Zoom to Fit. Enter 31 to change the name.Pick Axis. s 10. Click in the new grid bubble. 11.rvt. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Press ENTER. Revit will create grid 32. click Mirror . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s Select grid 31. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click to place the grid line.8. s In this exercise. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Select grid 3. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar.Structural . 9.000.

To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s Use a column grid to place beams. s 3. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. s Change a grid layout. click Column > Structural Column. In this exercise. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structure panel. you typically create a grid. This is a steel column.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Add footings to columns. Structural s 421 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. As a result. 2. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In the Type Selector.

A. 4. B. click At Grids. 5. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 4.s s On the Options Bar. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Finish. In the Multiple panel. 6. C and D. 3. On the Multiple panel. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.Structural . 2. set Height to Level 3.

4. click Beam. click Finish. columns. The grid. and beams will move to the right. click On Grids. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Structural s 423 . 3. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Structure panel of the Structure tab.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 5. Click Grid 1. 2. Window-select all the grid lines.

click At Columns. 2. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Open the Default 3D view. On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. Click Redo.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click Finish. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Quick Access toolbar. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. click Isolated. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. click No. 1.Structural . click Undo. In the view window. 4.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Click OK.5. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. in the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 7. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". To change the size of the footing. A warning displays. s On the Properties palette. The footing changes size. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". The footing had been placed at Level 1. Press ESC to clear the column selection. 6. Structural s 425 .

8. s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns. In this exercise. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. spans.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Add footings to columns. s Use a column grid to place columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. 2. True b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place beam systems. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout. Beam d. Column b. s Place braces. Questions 1. Brace c. All of the above.

True b. b. When placing columns or beams. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 2. c. All of the above. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. a. you can: a. b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Properties c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. If you relocate a grid line. Stretch b. you: a. c. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Pick points. To create a beam system. A and B. A but not B. Select the type of beam or column to place. False 4. you use: a. To change the height of a column. d. Select a beam type and define the system layout. 3. True b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . a. Flip Orientation d. 5. d.

South Division High School.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Starkweather . Ltd. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Smith . CA Ronald A Williams. WI Roger Dohm . Poway. Randy Dymond. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Instructor.iteaconnect.Executive Director. PE . Milwaukee. Inc. Susan Harrington .Director. Mathematics.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .org Project Lead the Way. Copyright s 431 . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Teacher. Poway High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . International Technology Education Association www.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.

product names. Autodesk Revit MEP. Autodesk Inventor. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Inc. for any purpose. AutoCAD MEP. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. All other brand names.. All rights reserved. AutoCAD Architecture. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Trademarks Autodesk. “AS IS. Published by: Autodesk. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Inc. may not be reproduced in any form. by any method. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. or parts thereof. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. CA 94903.. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. INC. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. All rights reserved.© 2010 Autodesk.” AUTODESK. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Inc. this publication. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. 2010 Autodesk. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Inc. Inc. AutoCAD. INC. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk.

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