Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections.When sketching walls. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

furniture. Other building elements such as doors. section.Software Tools . elevation. roofs. and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. floors. You can add building elements in plan. windows. stairs. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

In the illustration shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. the other will move as well. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools .

Engineering. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Math (STEM). technology. This lesson relates to science. s Use tools to create building elements from masses.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Place a predefined Mass family. and Language Arts. s Constrain placement of objects. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. engineering. and math standards. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Technology.

Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. quickly. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. such as distance requirements from roadways. There are mass families available to load into a project. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and curtain systems.Software Tools . walls. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. you can create in-place masses. size. and then converted into building components such as floors.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. or masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. roofs. owner. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. A designer.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . or within. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. roofs. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. walls.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and Language Arts. legends. s Explain the use of dimensions. tags. engineering. and symbol heads. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). s Recognize temporary dimensions. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. technology. Annotation includes text notes. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 .Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering.

Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. and permanent dimensions for annotating.Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be linear. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . and how other levels change display accordingly.y.z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Open tabs on the ribbon.Software Tools . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Options Bar. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. Engineering. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. Technology. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Math (STEM). the Type Selector. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Work with tool buttons. technology. s Open and use ribbon tabs.

Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Display and Navigation s 31 . beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Its position is fixed. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. and rooms. doors. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. windows. Some commands will not be active (that is. for instance.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

columns. and text. and foundations. braces. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Display and Navigation s 33 . structural walls. trusses. symbols. detailing.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. Context tabs display as you work. and inquiry. copy/paste. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . materials.Software Tools . and parameters.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Close. Print.Software Tools . This menu has file management tools such as New. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Save. Open.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules. sheets.Software Tools . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. Legends. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. with four elevation markers visible. and groups.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. families.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

click the User Interface button located on the View tab. visual style. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. cropping. shadow display. rendering (in 3D views).The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. level of detail. A check mark indicates it is visible. sun settings. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. Windows panel on the ribbon. View Control Bar View scale.Software Tools . 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Display and Navigation s 43 .

Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. or by global location. Display and Navigation s 47 . You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. which can be according to the view. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity.

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shadows.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . These controls. enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view.

The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Annotate. Nine tabs are available: Home. Display and Navigation s 55 .All views are listed in the Project Browser. View. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. To activate or open a view. Massing & Site. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Structure. Insert. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Collaborate.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . When a context tab is active. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Properties Palette. showing options that you can select while you are working. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.

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the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Print. the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and Publish. On the right is a list of recently opened files. The application menu contains file management controls. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. New File. Display and Navigation s 65 . File Save. Export. Click a file name to open that file.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Do this for other tabs. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The panel titles display under the tab titles. If you select the menu option. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The completed exercise 4. or click New > Project from the application menu. make the Home tab active. 3. After you have examined each of them. Display and Navigation s 67 . 2. On the ribbon. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. To start a new project. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.

Icons for panels display below tab titles. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Cycle Through All. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Close the file without saving. and then viewed. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.5. you opened a project file. In this exercise.Software Tools . They disappear when you move the cursor away.

A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Exercise 2. In the Project Browser. You worked on this file in Getting Started. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Display and Navigation s 69 . The file opens to a 3D view. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. 2. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt. Open quick_start_building_elements. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.

5. doors. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 4. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click OK. all the walls. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click any interior wall. 8. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view.Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 7.3. and windows highlight blue. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Clear Walls and Doors. 6. On the Properties palette. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens.

rvt. 10. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Place a door as shown. examined the menus and toolbars. you opened a project file. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. 12. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click any door. Display and Navigation s 71 . On the Modify | Doors context tab. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. In this exercise. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Properties palette. click Create panel > Create Similar. 11.9.

display controls. and views. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. building elements (walls. mechanical equipment). Component families include model objects (furniture. ceiling plan. floors). operating settings. In the exercises. To review the list of standards for each lesson. schedules. You can create sections. s Load and place component families. s Create a new in-place family. lines.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. templates. s Work with Revit families. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Software Tools . you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. and Language Arts. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . drafting views. and 3D views using the View menu. Revit provides floor plan. System families include levels. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. either predefined or user-created. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Pan. Engineering. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Math (STEM). Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and elevation views by default. annotations. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology. and math standards.This lesson relates to science. engineering.

Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Right-click. Four elevation markers are visible. even a small one. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The completed exercise Visibility 1. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open Unit2_building_elements. The display changes. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.Exercise: View Controls A building model. 2. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. VG also opens the dialog box. There is no way to see everything in it. Rightclick in the view window. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. 3. is an extensive database. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. There is also a copy in the course datasets. First. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click OK.

Click Zoom In Region. Right-click. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. 7. so be sure to select them both. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Click Open. click Detail Level. Enter ZF. Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. Right-click. On the View Control Bar. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. 5. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. 6. There are two parts to an elevation. Select the roof outline. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Select Detail Level: Medium.4. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click and drag the cursor as shown.

Click Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.Software Tools . 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Properties palette. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Turn off visibility of the elevations. 2. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Enter VH. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. change the Underlay value to None. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.8. as before. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. doors and windows are not shown. View Properties 1. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.

4. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click OK. and where the cut plane sits. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof.3. enter Roof. Next to View Range.0". Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. For Name. click Edit. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Right-click. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. the ridge is now visible. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click Rename.

In the Presets list. Accept the location that activates. select Winter Solstice. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shading with Edges. Set the time to 9:30 am. 3. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . under Solar Study. 2. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Shadows On.Graphic Display Options 1. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Still. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field.Software Tools . 4. 5. Open Elevation view South. In the dialog box that opens.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . The elevation shadows update. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. 6.rvt.

or institutional structures. You add closet doors to interior walls. click Door. walls.Software Tools . and place Revit families. This exercise illustrates how you locate. is predefined within Revit. windows. furniture. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. On the Home tab. and annotations are examples of standard families. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. 2.rvt. Doors are considered standard family entities. These components are called families and there are several different types. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Doors. lights. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. or stand-alone (for example. Additionally. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. you open an existing project file. There are system families. furniture). railings. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Open Unit2_views.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. commercial. load. Build panel. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. floors. and so on. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Open Floor Plan view Level 1. roofs. and furniture. and use a Revit family to place a door. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. such as levels. 3. standard families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. windows. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and floors. In Revit. s A system family. and families in place.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. s s 6.rfa. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 4. It has a number of different sizes defined. Locate Double Panel 2. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Click Open. Tag panel. Family files have a file extension of *. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Project files have a file extension of *. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Click the Doors folder. As you move your cursor near any wall. Accept the default size. Furniture. 5.rvt. If you highlight a door family. On the Modify | Place Door tab. and Annotation. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.rfa. You click to place an instance of the door family. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Click Open.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed.

Place an instance of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7. In this exercise. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. simply click it. you located. but not strongly.rvt. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. loaded. and placed instances of a door family. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.Software Tools . 9. 8. Place two more instances of the door as shown. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.

3. click Duplicate. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 5.rvt. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. This door needs to be 48" wide. 2. Click OK. 4. Select the double door as shown. For Name. Open Unit2_doors_walls. and create an in-place family. The required width is not available. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

5. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). click Component > Model In-Place. 4. The door updates. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. is to create a component family in place. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. select Generic Models. On the Home tab. 3. enter Hall Clock. On the Properties palette. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. For Name. 1. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 2. Click OK. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. In the dialog box. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click OK. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates.Software Tools . Build panel.6. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.

8. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Revit will display .2". On the Draw panel. In this exercise. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. and placed a door family. 13.4" as shown. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". you located. as shown. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. 10.6. 11. 9. click Rectangle. You have created the base of the clock. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 12. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. loaded. Click OK.rvt. The family model updates. 7.0' 2". Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

Go to View > View Name in the menu. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Either a or b.Software Tools . a. d. Each project has several predefined views. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. 6. Views can be renamed. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. a. True b. s Change type properties of a family. b. c. False 5.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. load. False 2. Create a 3D perspective view. and click Open. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. a. False 4. Questions 1. False 3. b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. True b. The tool shown is used to: a. s Adjust Visual Style Options. and place a family from a library. tab. True b. s Change view displays. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. True b. s Access. Spin the model in 3D space. and Options Bar. To activate a view: a. Zoom to the entire model. 7. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Change view properties. c. context tabs. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. b. c. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. d. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Create an in-place model family. Turn on Shadows. s Open different views. Right-click. depending on the template selected. d.

Families 11. All of the above. windows. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. In-Place d. Multiview b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. you can use the scroll wheel to: a.) are called: a. Blocks c. Rotate c. System c. Pan and Zoom b. A family created within a project is called ________________. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Project Browser d.8. depending on settings 9. Parts d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. a. Standard b. Properties palette 10. Scroll d. etc.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

8. Review Revit Architecture setup.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 9. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 2. s Duplicate and modify views. 7. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Create a project template. 4. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create labels. s Create dimension and text styles. 6. s Set project units.

and the settings that are preset within them.Standards and Building Codes . colors.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings.org. Math (STEM). Explain why templates are used. linetypes. After completing this lesson. Engineering. based on the AIA standards. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . defining the layers. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Visit the AIA website at www. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Technology. should be used.org.aias. Many cities and counties have their own rules. and so forth. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. colors. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.aia. Visit the AIAS website at www. and Language Arts. linetypes.

This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering. and math standards.

windows. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. defined and adopted by convention. otherwise it is considered a carport. and so on. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . one window. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. it must have at least one door. doors. a garage. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. A unit is a particular physical quantity. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. and one closet. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. If it lacks any of these components. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. like mechanical drawing. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. the number being its numerical value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). and so on. If there is a fire. a bathroom. For example.Standards and Building Codes . A garage must be completely enclosed. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. it cannot be called a bedroom.

. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. such as room size and wall height. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. In architectural drafting. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Here h is the physical quantity. unit symbol ft. glass. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. However. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.. also known as the International System of Units. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. or imperial. Another method is to apply dual notation. is 169 m.For example. using imperial units. the construction industry still uses the English. and other materials. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. in the United States. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 555 ft. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. units are applied to dimensions. unit symbol m. its value is expressed in the unit meter.

Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. In Revit Architecture. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Standards and Building Codes .) 8. sheets.Scales are ratios. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. one value representing another value. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. Each size is designated by a letter. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. line weight and pattern. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and viewports. every 1/8" would represent 1'. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H).

and then add a title block or other symbols. You create and position views. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. notes Demolition.a modified version of the AIA standard. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. temporary Schedules Sections. symbols. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). The integers go from 0 to 9. elevators.01. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. site plan. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.01. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.

The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and layer standards. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. that is. the author of the drawing. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. so that the height is less than the width. the HVAC company. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. The next space is for tracking revisions. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. drawing scales. the electrician. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and so on. followed by information on the building's owner.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The column is divided into sections. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. For example. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. annotation plot sizes. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the date drawn. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. fonts. Usually. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet.Standards and Building Codes . Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Typically. The paper is oriented landscape. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and other relevant information.

title blocks. required symbols. layer settings. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth.

Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes . Engineering. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and walls. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. dimension styles. Technology. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. windows. These can be used to build your model. views. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.

This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . engineering. and math standards.

Select a Template 1. In the New Project dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. In Revit. or store. click New > Project. click Browse. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. On the application menu. apartments. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. you use templates as starting points. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Condominiums. factory. 2. you create a new project file using a template. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. 3.

Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 5. you started a new project file using a standard template. Click OK. Click Open. click Close to close this project without saving.4. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Select the Residential-Default. Settings s 103 . On the application menu. 6. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. In this exercise. saving set up time.

You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.Standards and Building Codes . In the courseware datasets folder. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Click to start a new wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. expand Floor Plans under Views. Pull the cursor to the right. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. the drawing setup options are preset. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 2. In this exercise.rvt. In the Project Browser. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The file opens to a 3D view. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The Wall tool remains active. 3. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. click Wall. s Place the cursor over the left wall. open ADA__Settings. Build panel. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.

In this exercise. 8. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. click to start a new wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Settings s 105 . Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. 5.4. 7. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Click Format for Length.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. s Set Unit symbol to m. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.) 6. Place the cursor over the left wall. and move the cursor right. Close the file without saving. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.

1. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. For Name. Click OK. or insert components. click Duplicate. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. On the Annotate tab. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. but also control the size and location of objects. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Open ADA_Dimensions. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. In the Type Properties dialog box.Standards and Building Codes .rvt. Dimension panel. dimensions not only display. click Aligned. 2. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Properties palette. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. 4. create. By default. enter Big Text. click Edit Type. temporary and permanent. there are two types of dimensions.

5. Click to place. Select the top. s Set Text Size to 3/16". left. s Click OK twice. 7. and bottom horizontal walls. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The Dimension tool is still active. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 6. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.

In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . The Dimension tool stays active. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. s s s Select the far left. upper. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. 9. Click to place the dimension.8. created a new dimension style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls. you opened an existing file. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving.

You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan. 2. Right-click. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . Notice the door and window tags. These are annotations. In the datasets folder. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. 3. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In order to do this. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. There are no annotations visible. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. In the Project Browser.rvt.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise.

In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Double-click to open it.Standards and Building Codes . In the Project Browser. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. On the Manage tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 1. 8. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Click OK to update the display of this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 7. In the Project Browser. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Settings panel. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Rename. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. select Floor Plan: Level 1. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 5. click Project Information. Model Categories tab.4. 9. 6. Click OK.

In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Rightclick.Add a Sheet 1. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. 2.) 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click New Sheet. Enter the address as shown. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. click Edit. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address. or supply your own values: Click OK. 3. Click OK. Settings s 111 . highlight the title block displayed in the list.

112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Next. Add a View to the Sheet 1. 5. Notice the change to the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.4. Click Apply. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.Standards and Building Codes .

Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 3. Click Activate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 4. Right-click. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. 2. Settings s 113 . Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View.

The Scale updates in the title block.5. The view updates on the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Added a sheet. deselect it. you: select it. Place the cursor 7. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.Standards and Building Codes . of the sheet. Finish the move. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6. Close the file without saving. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.

The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). On the application menu. Select A-11x8.rft. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Start Revit Architecture. Click Open.5 title block template opens. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. It opens to the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.5. 2. Settings s 115 .Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 3. A copy of the 11 x 8. click New > Titleblock. 4. This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Accept the Sample Value. 14. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 10. 15. click Save to save the title block. 13.rfa. Your teacher may specify another location.9. 11. s Click Add. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Accept the Sample Value. Add a label for Sheet Number. Save the title block as A . You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Add a label for Checked By. Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 12. Click Zoom to Fit.Standards and Building Codes . Right-click. select Drawn By. you created a title block using a template file. In this exercise. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. On the application menu.Landscape. click Close. s Accept the Sample Value. On the Quick Access toolbar.

Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 3. Settings s 125 . A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. The title block appears in the graphics window. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Open. Insert a Title Block 1. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 5. you create a new project file. In the Recent Files window. click New to create a new project using the default template. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Highlight the title block and click OK.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 2. Locate your title block. 4. On the View tab. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project.

and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. 3. enter your name. s For Checked By. enter your instructor's name. Click OK. you a created a new project file.Standards and Building Codes .rvt in a location determined by your instructor. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 2. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Select the title block. s For Drawn By. click Project Information. On the Manage tab. 4. Click OK. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter Student Project Unit 3. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 6. In this exercise. Settings panel.

In the New Project dialog box. s Families: Load in families you use most often. you create a new project file. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and slope angle. and the units for your custom template. you define the title block. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . settings. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. Create a Template In this exercise. 3. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. Click OK. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. click New > Project. 2. angles. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 1. in addition to predefined wall types. and then load them like families. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. a dimension style. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. On the application menu. select Project Template. such as 3D and plan views. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. including how the rendered image looks. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. and geometry from the template. In this exercise. On the Insert tab. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views.

Standards and Building Codes . enter 3/16" Verdana. click Duplicate. For Name. On the Annotate tab. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click the Length field in the Format column. 8. click Settings panel > Project Units.rfa. On the Manage tab.4. 6. 10. There will be no visible change. Open the title block A . Next. 7. You create a custom dimension style.Landscape. Click OK. Set the units for the template. 5. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. create a Dimension Style. Click OK twice. In the Type Properties dialog box. 9.

Click New Sheet.11. 14. On the Properties palette. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. select Sheets (All). 12. 15. Settings s 129 . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Rightclick. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Select the A . Click OK. Click OK. In the Project Browser.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Change the following settings as shown: 13. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.

You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.16. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rte. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. title block. Click OK. as well as dimension style and units. and units that you defined. Save the file name as A-English template.Standards and Building Codes . The title block updates. 17. you created a new template file using a dimension style. In this exercise.

are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

Standards and Building Codes . s Create a dimension style. NCTM d. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Create labels. A.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A particular physical quantity. s Create a text style. Metric d. a.02 d. A. English c. UBC c. s Create text. dimension styles. s Create a template. Using AIA Standards.02 b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 1:12 c. AIA b. An architect b. False 3. S. s Create dimensions. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Change dimension colors. NCSESA 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. True b. General Questions 1. 1:24 d. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". P. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. a. 1:32 5.05 c. is defined as what? a. a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create a title block. s Change lineweight. A unit 4. 1:3 b.

True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Wall centerlines c. Application menu > Properties b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. dimensions snap to: a. Wall faces b. By default. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Point offsets 3. To create a new sheet. False Summary/Questions s 133 . False 6. To change the scale of a view. a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. To set the units in a project. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. True b. In Revit Architecture. False 4. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. you use: a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. you click: a. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Wall midpoints d. Application menu > New > Sheet b. True b.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 2.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 6.

them. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. List the different types of occupancy. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. After completing this lesson. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . separate. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. or filling in between. their construction and materials.Walls . and protect its interior spaces.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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As you continue to move the cursor. but it disappears when you begin another action. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. 4. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Stud.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Enter 10. click it to open an edit field. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Clear the Chain option. indicating wall length. Select the Single Line option. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Click to set the endpoint.3. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. After you create the wall. a dashed line displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. the dimension updates incrementally. 5. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. an angular dimension displays. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. To modify a dimension. It will not print. Expand the Type Selector list.Brick on Mtl. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Walls s 151 .

Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. the controls may sit on top of one another. Select panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. Create panel. 7. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click to start the next wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Click the wall. 8. click the Detail Level icon. On the View Control Bar. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click Create Similar. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. After setting the vertical wall's direction. enter 7. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Depending on your zoom in the view. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.Walls . Press ENTER. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. On the Modify | Place Wall tab.6. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. click Modify to stop placing walls. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Click Modify. Walls s 153 . 10. release the mouse button to set a new length. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Select the right vertical wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. no matter where you move the cursor. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. an alignment line displays. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Also. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.9. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right.

Sketch the walls as shown. Repeat. Select the lower vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Right-click. 14.Walls . Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Select Chain on the Options Bar. This is the same as clicking Modify. On the Home tab. 16. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. When using the Chain option. 15. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 13.11. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click Cancel. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Build panel. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 12. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.

After clicking the second end. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 20.rvt. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Modify. 17. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". In this exercise. Click Create Similar again.18. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Zoom to Fit. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 19. Clear the Chain option. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Walls s 155 .

Do the same for the vertical wall. you first split the walls at the intersections. Click Modify. You now remove the upper right corner. fillet. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. and extend walls. align. Only part of the wall highlights. 3. Both split walls are shown below. To do this. This exercise illustrates how to split. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. trim. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Split Walls 1.Walls . The cursor changes to a razor blade. 4. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.

You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select Radius. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 2. click Undo and repeat the steps. click Delete. 5.Fillet Walls 1. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You can also click the flip control. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Select any wall. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). 4. Walls s 157 . click Create Similar. On the Modify | Wall tab. Modify panel. On the Options Bar. 3. Click Fillet Arc. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Modify | Walls tab. Enter 5'. Create panel. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. If you make a mistake.

Walls .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 3.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. You align the wall in the next steps. 2. select Basic Wall: Interior . The Wall tool is still active. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Place an interior wall as shown. 1. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.

s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Click to create a wall. Pull the cursor straight up. You can lock the alignment. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. such as location lines. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. clear Chain. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.4. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s On the Options Bar. Walls s 159 .

This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. The walls can cross. 5. 3. Select the vertical wall as shown. This will extend to the border. 4. The length is not critical. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 2. This will be the border.Walls . Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. Select the two interior walls in turn. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the horizontal wall as shown. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 6.

align.rvt. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. In this exercise. fillet. Walls s 161 . and trim.

1. 2. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and vary in cost. In the Project Browser. click Edit Type. 3.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. On the Properties palette. Select the Exterior wall as shown.Walls .rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. satisfy different requirements. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The Modify tool is active by default.

5. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. except Core Boundary. 8. 6. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Every layer of a wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Select Finish 1 [4]. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. To edit the structure of the wall. the wall structure should be as shown. s Click Up. s Click Down twice. For Name.4. has a Function you can edit. Walls s 163 . s Click the arrow at the right. click Edit in the Structure value field. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 7. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Click OK. Click Insert twice. When you are finished. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall.

select Finishes . 11. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Material.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Material to Finishes . 10.Stud Layer. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].9. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Walls . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 13. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s Set the Material to Wood .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. Modify the Function. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].Exterior . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 12. which displays plan or section views.

From the Detail level list. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. In the Project Browser. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. select Medium. Click Apply to update the view. On the Properties palette. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 15. 16. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. expand the Families branch.14. 17. Walls s 165 . Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings.

you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 20. Right-click 8" Exterior. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. From the Type Selector list. You opened an existing file. In this exercise. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.18. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.Walls . Close the file without saving. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 19. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. defined a new wall structure.

You can define a wall type with these elements. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. 2. a structural mid-section. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.Brick on Mtl. you create and modify vertically compound walls. wood rails. for example. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Stud walls as shown. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The model opens in a 3D view.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.rvt. Select one of the Exterior . 3. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. In this exercise. and a decorated interior surface.

highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Wall structures are Type Properties. To split a layer or region vertically. If not already expanded. You can assign different materials to regions. 1. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. highlight one of the borders. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. so all instances of this type change. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can split regions into other regions. into regions. either horizontally or vertically. 5. 6. As indicated in the dialog box title. You change the type. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. in the Structure value field. 8. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 2. You can set the sample height to any value. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. or you will lose your changes. To split a layer or region horizontally. Click Split Region. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border.Walls . Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project.4. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. To define the structure of the wall. When you split a layer. In this exercise. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 7. click Edit. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box.

Click to merge them. When you merge regions. After merge. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Prehighlight a border between regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to split the region into two parts. Click to merge the two layers. 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds.Brick layer. The upper split disappears. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Walls s 169 . Click Merge Regions. since both regions are composed of the same layer. In this case. assign Layer 1.3. 4. 2. 3. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material.

Press ENTER. Next.Walls . 2. 3. Click the temporary dimension text. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). instead of down. Click Insert. 4. Change the value to 12. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. In the Edit dialog box. click Modify. 2. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. After a region is split. you assign the material Masonry Brick . 1. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. If you set the split offset down from the top. You create a new layer and assign it to a region.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. The dimension text turns blue. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. 3. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. indicating that it is modifiable. to the next parallel line. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. To create a new wall layer. 1. Click again to return to the original position. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. s Select the split line.

and Insert Layer tools. Modify. because it is now the selected layer.Brick Soldier Course. 7. 6. Merge Region. Change the Material to Masonry . Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. as shown.4. 10. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click OK. All walls of this type have been changed. 5. It immediately highlights in blue. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 8.Brick Soldier Course layer. 9. The preview changes appearance. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. In this exercise. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Close the file without saving. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click OK. It also shows a thickness value. When a layer is selected in the table. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Click Assign Layers. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Split Region. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Walls s 171 .

s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. piping. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and protected. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. earth. installed.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. ducting.Walls . They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. but also the natural lighting. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the ventilation.Doors and Windows . and the amount of space you have inside your building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . ft.Doors and Windows . An unobstructed opening of 5. if there is no other escape route. the width can be no less than 20". The height can be no less than 24". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.7 sq.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. how to load additional door and window families. and how to position. s Center a door in a wall. engineering. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. technology. In this unit. Technology. Doors and Windows s 187 . and copy these elements. s Copy windows. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). you learn how to place doors and windows. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Engineering. and Language Arts. move. windows. and furniture are defined in family files. and math standards. Components such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls.

you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. 2. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 3. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. the door swing would be to the left side. Build panel. To reverse the swing. To flip the door. In other words. Add Doors 1. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.Doors and Windows . This can be done in a plan view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Once a door is placed. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click Door. or 3D view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. elevation view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. On the Home tab.

With the Door command active. 3. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.rfa. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. except for the Type Selector. Click Open. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. walls. Mode panel. In order to keep file size small. and windows into project files. From the Type Selector list. Doors and Windows s 189 . select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. The display does not change. 2.Load Families 1. on the Modify | Place Door tab. click Load Family. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.

Place a second instance in the wall opposite. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.Doors and Windows . From the Type Selector. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.4. If necessary.

You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. simply click it and enter the correct value. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. change a temporary dimension.6. or by using the swing control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Remember. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. If you place a door in the wrong location.

7.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows .

Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. On the Home tab. elevation view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2. To face the outside of the window to the other side. click Modify and select the window. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . click Window. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. approach the wall from the right side. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. or 3D view. From the Type Selector. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Build panel. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Open Unit5_doors.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. the outside of the window is to the left side. When placing windows in a plan view. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. You can place windows in a plan view. Add Windows 1. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption.

Doors and Windows . placed doors. Place seven more windows as shown. you opened an existing project. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 4.3. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and placed windows. In this exercise. Window tags do not number in sequence. You do not need to add dimensions. loaded a door family. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.rvt. 5.

To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. wall. s Align and modify walls. you open an existing project file. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 4. 2. place a door.rvt. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 1. and so on. and modify the wall. Dimension panel. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. On the Annotate tab. window. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. click Aligned.

Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The walls are now aligned. 2. Align Walls 1. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Notice the symbol.s s s s Click the left wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. This means that if one wall shifts. Click it and it changes as shown. Select the upper wall first.Doors and Windows . The door changes location. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. the other wall will remain aligned. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 5. Click the center of the door. 6. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the right wall.

The walls shift and remain aligned. Right-click. 3. Doors and Windows s 197 . Clear the EQ Display value. Change the dimension to 16. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.4. Dimensions display below it.) The dimension value is now shown. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 5.

you placed a continuous dimension. Right-click. 7. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit.Doors and Windows .6. In this exercise. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned.rvt.

The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 2. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Doors and Windows s 199 . Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. 1. especially if there are many different types. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 4. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Select one of the windows located in the east wall.rvt. click Create Similar. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise.

click Copy.Doors and Windows . On the Modify | Windows tab. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 2. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4. The window will change appearance. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window is copied. Modify panel.Copy Windows 1. Select the window you just placed. 3. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.5. Click Zoom to Fit. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt. 6. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Right-click.

flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. cold. The stability of glass in response to wind. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. heat. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Standard b. 40" d. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. General Questions 1. s Copy a door or window. False 2. True b. s Position a door or window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 30" c. s Place a window. s Align a door or window. If a room is used for sleeping. you learned to: s Place doors. 34" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. Custom 3. 28" b. 32" b. a. a. 36" c. 32" d. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 .

a. d. Right-click. Select the door. you use ________. Copy 8. c. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. The center snap 7. Select the door. d. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . False 2. 6. Select the door. b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Properties 3. Click the appropriate blue arrows. To change the location of a door or window. you: a. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click Flip Direction. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Insert d. Link c. True b. Click Door Properties.Doors and Windows . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Use door grips to reposition. Click Door Properties. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. False 5. Duplicate d. a. c. A reference plane b. a. Offset c. Clone b. a. Load from Library b. To center a door or window in a wall. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. To change the swing direction of a door: a. b. Select the door. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. 4. True b. Click Modify > Flip Direction.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Load c.

3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 2. Review stairs and railings. 4. Lesson Plan 1. 6. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.

About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the different stair types. stair and railing types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson.

Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts. engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Once the actual riser height is determined. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Then.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. such as ice and snow.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This saves space when changing direction. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Due to building code.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum.

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38".

As you move the cursor. The riser and run values update accordingly. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Technology. or tread. U-shaped stairs. s Modify stairs. and spiral stairs. This lesson relates to technology. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Engineering. engineering.Stairs and Railings . of certain horizontal depth or run. To review the list of standards for each lesson. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. s Create U-shaped stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. which includes elevators. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. In multistory buildings. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. or vertical circulation. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. For safety reasons. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. ramps. You can define straight runs. You create stairs in a plan view. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Add a railing. and math standards. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. L-shaped runs with a landing. Math (STEM).Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties.

Stairs and Railings s 217 . The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This enables you to place the stairs properly.rvt. Before you create the stairs. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This file is in metric units. On the Properties palette. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. From the courseware datasets folder. Zoom in Region to the lobby. 3. you create stairs using a straight run.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.

The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. In this case. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a straight run. On the Home tab. Run is preselected. click Stairs. These tools are used to define your stairs. Circulation panel. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. Click OK to close the dialog box. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).Stairs and Railings .4. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. 5.

You can also enter a distance of 4400. 8.6. If you have not fully created the run. the run footprint stops expanding. select Finish (green check). click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. Select this intersection point to start your run. 10. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. and then click to define the run of stairs. To change the run dimension. 9. On the Mode panel. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Stairs and Railings s 219 . As you move the cursor up. You can continue to move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 7.

220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. you created and placed a straight run stair. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. In this exercise.rvt. click application menu > Save As > Project.11. and switched to a 3D view. 12. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 13. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. To avoid overwriting the original file.

Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. On the Modify tab. 2. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. click Align. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Edit panel.rvt. The stair is not centered on the landing. Level 1. Activate view Floor Plans. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.

from the Prefer list.4. 5. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Take time to make the selections correctly. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Click the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . select Wall centerlines. On the Options Bar. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. The Align command remains active. If you have a scroll mouse. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. You can rotate your model to get a better view.Stairs and Railings .

9. Select the stairs. enter Lobby Stairs. Change Width to 1350. s Click Duplicate. 8. expand Sections (Building Section). On the Properties palette. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Hover the cursor over the railing. click Edit Type. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . As you prehighlight them.6. Graphics. On the Properties palette. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. and Dimensions subsections. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. railings were created with the stairs. s For Name. 7. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. s Click OK.

Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Cherry s s Click Modify. Select both railings. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Lobby Stair View.10.

Next. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Select the stairs (not a railing). 14. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. The railings change. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. The stair changes to the run sketch. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. 13. In the Type Selector. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Click it to select it. Delete this line. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Mode panel. s Zoom in on the stairs. click Edit Sketch.12.

click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Boundary. 18. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Click Modify. click the left end of the top riser. Click to place the arc.Stairs and Railings .15. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 17. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. On the Draw panel. 19. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the second arc endpoint. 16. s On the Modify panel.

select the endpoint of the left boundary. First. This will define a rounded first step. For the third point. click Riser. select the endpoint of the right boundary. 20. the arc center point. The left boundary will be mirrored. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Next.21. Click CenterEnds-Arc. On the Draw panel. Click to exit the Mirror command.

On the Mode panel. 23. In this exercise. you modified stair properties and boundaries.22. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt. click Finish. Open the {3D} view to see the results.

you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you sketch the plan view path. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. This is typically done in plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. For simple railings. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. In this case. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Click Modify. Stairs and Railings s 229 .Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Select the right side railing. Therefore. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. 3. To make sure you are selecting the railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. The completed exercise To create a railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. s s Sketch a Railing 1. you need to define a path for the railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing.

s s On the Options Bar. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Once the railing is selected. 5. Then. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 6. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.Stairs and Railings . The dimensions are shown as a guide. on the Modify | Railings tab. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. edit the temporary dimension. click Line. select Chain. Mode panel.4. 7. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. click Edit Path. To set the exact distance. On the Draw panel. You do not need to add dimensions.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. 8. Stairs and Railings s 231 .s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete your lines and try again. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 9. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. you used sketch tools to create a railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. In this exercise.

Stairs and Railings . click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. set the Offset value to 850.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Create a Reference Plane 1. In this exercise. In a floor plan view. s On the Home tab. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Work Plane panel. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment.rvt from the previous exercise. 2. s On the Options Bar. you create a reference plane.

On the Properties palette. change the Width parameter to 900. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . enter Exit Stairs. 3. 6. click Stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 .Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 5. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. Pull the cursor straight up. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click OK twice. Click OK. 4. Click Edit Type. For Name. Matte 2. To start sketching the run. Circulation panel. Dark Gray.

Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Press ENTER. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . enter 1925. Click to finish the stair run.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 9. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7. 8. Move the pointer to the right. with none remaining to be created. Click to place the first run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.

click 3D View to view your model in 3D. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. 2. but they are hidden behind walls. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. 11. Select the two walls of the stair tower. On the View Control bar. Stairs and Railings s 235 .10. Click Finish Stairs again. Remove the additional lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. it is because you have overlapping lines. you select Continue to return the sketch. You want to inspect your stairs. click Finish Stairs. Use Hide/Isolate 1. If you get an error message. To remove the lines. On the Stairs panel.

This is a multistory stair. The walls are now hidden. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor.rvt. In this exercise. Select the stairs so they highlight. you learned to create a reference plane. 2. 3.Stairs and Railings . Finally. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.3. 6. The exterior walls reappear. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair. On the Properties palette. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 4. 5. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Zoom in to see your stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. On the View Control Bar. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Reset the Display 1.

ramps. and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators.

238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Stairs and Railings . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. Include landings as required by your local building code. They cost less. smoke guards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. this openness makes them fire hazards. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. but they can also be highly decorative. and deliver riders without wait time. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today.

General Questions 1. a. False 2. True b. a. s Modify stair boundaries. 25 degrees b. 180 degrees 3. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. True b. 30" b. 36" d. s Create railings. 32" c. you learned to: s Create stairs. a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. and all treads should be the same run. False Summary/Questions s 239 . b. 40" 4. 90 degrees d. 45 degrees c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.

Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a. Railings. Modify c. risers and treads. Attach Railing c. risers 3. Fasten Railing 5. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. risers b. Insert 2. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. you use the _______ option. a. a. a. Circle 4. You can apply materials to different stair components. Home b. a. Boundary lines. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. that is. Run. riser d. Pick New Host b. Line b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . False 6. Manage d. Treads. Align Railing d. Rectangle c. Arc d. True b. riser lines c. To create railings on stairs without railings. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b.Stairs and Railings .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 4. (Student) 5. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 11. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Evaluate Students. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 7.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 10. (Student) 8. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 .

242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. Identify the different roof types. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. and downspouts. It addresses roof construction. tiles. roof types. run.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. After completing this lesson. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Calculate the rise. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and pitch of a sloped roof. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. gutters.Roofs .

s Shed: A roof with a single slope. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Math (STEM).Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and math standards. technology. s Rake: The inclined. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. About Roofs s 243 . This lesson relates to science. Technology. and Language Arts. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

texture. durability. snow. the roofing pattern. and color. maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. fire-resistant. resulting in at least one textured face. both low and steep. About Roofs s 245 . These are used more often on upscale homes. maintenance. the roofing pattern. and sunlight. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. durability. and color. texture. rot. as well as how effective a shelter it is. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and if visible. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resistance to wind and fire. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. You can use them for many different applications. and colors. and if visible. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Sloped roofs. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. are designed for shedding water and snow. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. brands. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and low maintenance roofing material.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. resistance to wind and fire. They come in several types. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and sun.

s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. Therefore. zinc alloy. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. Unfortunately. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. special characteristics (for example. or corrugated structural glass. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). and require little maintenance. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. galvanized steel. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. This same roof on a clear. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. fiberglass. treatment for insects. quality. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. reinforced plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. durable. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. choose a type that will suit your needs.Roofs . s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. When choosing the insulation for your job. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. They are fire-resistant. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. odor. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In a house with a cathedral ceiling. consider such factors as cost. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. galvanized steel. and so forth). s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed.

Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. the requirements for underlayment.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs .

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 .

Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Many barns use gambrel roofs.

The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. where as. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.

and pitch is noted as a fraction. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12.Roofs . try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 and 12. 7 on 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7-12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.

s Assign roof structure and materials. To create a roof by face. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you can add gutters. snow. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Roofs s 255 . and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. water. s Place gutters. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Create a roof fascia. or roof overhangs. or ice.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Once you create a roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Create various roof types. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. or eaves. soffits. often supporting a gutter. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. and fascia. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. dormers. To create a roof by the extrusion method. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Create a hip roof. that convey rainwater to drains. you work with massing shapes and not building components.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Roofs . Math (STEM). and math standards. Technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science.

Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. In the Work Plane dialog box. the top of the roof profile is sketched. 3. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 4. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open ADA_Roofs. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. you create an extruded roof. To create an extruded roof.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. select the Name option..rvt. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click OK to continue.

6. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value.Roofs . To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. The section view should display as shown. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. 4. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Go To View dialog box. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Open View. s Use the image below for guidance. In the Place Reference Plane context tab.5. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 2. On the Work Plane panel. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". click Ref Plane. Before sketching the roof's profile. select Section: Section 1. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Draw panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 3. click Line.

sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using a positive offset value. s Click Modify.6. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Select the new dimension. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. 5. Using the image below for guidance. s Click the EQ toggle. Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.

Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane.Roofs . 4. 1. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. s On the Options Bar. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. for Name. click Line. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Right-click. click Chain. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 3. Click OK. 7. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click Modify.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 2. On the Mode panel. 5. you can label them. enter Horizontal. 6. click Finish (green check).

Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view.8.12" type. Roofs s 261 .

This is a two-step process.Roofs . 3. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. On the Modify tab. 1. Select the edge of the roof as shown. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Edit Geometry panel.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Using the images for guidance. 2. carefully select the far right roof edge. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

On the Options Bar. 2. Roofs s 263 . open the view Sections: Section 1.4. Trim Walls 1. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Select both walls. However. 3. select Attach Wall: Top. On the Modify Wall panel. Select the roof. This will join the wall tops to the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. To select both walls together. click Attach: Top/ Base. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. In the Project Browser.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct. In this exercise. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.rvt.4. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.Roofs .

The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. so you look straight down as in a plan. a dialog box is displayed. Because you are in a 3D view. 1. from existing walls. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties.rvt. From the drop-down list. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On the Home tab. In this exercise. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Unit7_first_roof. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 3. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Build panel. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 4. select Garage Roof. by Footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof. Click Yes. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . You draw the footprint using sketching tools.

select the vertical wall on the left. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the image below for guidance.Roofs . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Next. 6. 8. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .5. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option.0". The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s On Options Bar. 7. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. click Pick Walls. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. click Defines Slope. If you place a line on the wrong side.

Other controls also display. 2. Click Modify. defining lines separately. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Click the 9"/12" text. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. To complete the roof. That value displays next to the slope arrow. By default. click Yes. Select the left slope defining line. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. The new roof displays. Select the right side roof line. click Finish. 1. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. change the value to 6"/12". Change this value to 6"/12". the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Roofs s 267 .Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 3. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. It becomes an editable field.

4.rvt. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.Roofs . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 5. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.

The file opens to a 3D view. click to select them. set the overhang to 1' 0". When all of the walls prehighlight. To chain-select all of the walls. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 4. On Home tab. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. On the Options Bar. Clear Defines Slope. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Roofs s 269 . 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. you create a gable roof using a footprint.rvt. Build panel.

Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Rectangle.Create a Roof Opening 1.Roofs . 4. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Right-click. As an alternate. On the Draw panel. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 2. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area. 3. Using the image for guidance. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.

the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 4. 2. The slope indicator displays. On the Options Bar. Click Finish. On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. Select the left lower horizontal line. 3. horizontal line.Add Slope Lines 1. 6. click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click Modify. select Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. Roofs s 271 . select the Defines Slope. 5.

Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.Roofs .7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . attached walls. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration. 8. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.

click Roof > Roof by Footprint. you create a hip roof. Zoom into the area shown. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.0". Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 3. Roofs s 273 .Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view. 5. Select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Build panel. 2. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 4.rvt. set Overhang to 2' . Select the three walls shown in the image. Create the Roof 1.

Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 2. In addition. 3. Raise the Roof 1.0". Click OK.Roofs . To close the roof sketch. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. you use the Line tool. Right-click the ViewCube. s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. click Line. s s Clear Defines Slope. 6. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Click Finish to complete the roof.7.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Roofs s 275 . Select the edge of the hip roof first.

Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt. and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 277 . 4. The file should open to a 3D view. 3.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 5. 6. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Clear Defines Slope. On the Draw panel. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. click Pick Walls. Create a Shed Roof 1.rvt. click Line. 7.

Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 9. 12. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 10. horizontal line at the front of the roof. On the Properties palette. 13. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Modify.Roofs . Right-click the line. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Select the lower. 11. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".8.

18. 15. 17.14. Finish the Roof. Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint. click Yes. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.rvt. In this exercise. 16. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click OK. Switch to a 3D view.

You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Open the Default 3D view. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 5. The roof updates. 3. Activate the view North Elevation. select Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. On the Properties palette. 4. Select the Roof. 2. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Cutoff Level list. On the menu bar.Roofs . click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.

you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. select Defines Slope. 11. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open Floor Plan: Level 3.6. Switch to a 3D View. On the Options Bar. 9. set the slope value to 3"/12". Roofs s 281 . On the Home tab. click Pick Lines. To set the slope for the new roof. on the Properties palette. In this exercise.rvt. Finish the Roof. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 12. 7. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 8. 13. 10. Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Draw panel.

rvt. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Select the main roof over the house. 3. 2.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . In the Type Selector. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. The file should open to a 3D view. thereby reducing energy consumption.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Roofs s 283 . Select the roof over the garage. Click Insert to add a layer. enter Clay Tile. For Name. click Duplicate. click Edit Type. 3. click Edit. 4. For Structure Value. s Click OK. 5.Define a Roof Structure 1. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Select Layer 2 as shown. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. It is a generic roof type. 2.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Click OK. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Click OK twice.Roofs . 7. In this exercise. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 8. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. select Model.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 6. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".rvt. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. 4. 2. click Roof > Fascia. On the Insert tab.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Roofs s 285 . 3. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. to support a gutter. On the Home tab.rfa. or for decoration.rvt. In the Open dialog box. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Click Open.

select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click Duplicate. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. 6. For Name. Set the Material value to Metal . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.Roofs .5. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.Paint Finish Ivory. Click OK. click Edit Type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Matte. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Type Properties dialog box. for Profile.

Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. 9. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Roofs s 287 . In this exercise.8.

For Name.Roofs . 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. select Metal Aluminum. you add gutters to a building. The completed exercise 4. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 6. under Profile parameter. Click OK. click Roof > Gutter.rvt. Under Material parameter. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Place Gutters In this exercise. 2. click Edit Type. Click OK.Bevel: 5" x 5". 5. select Gutter . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. On the Home tab. s Click Duplicate. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box.

In this exercise. 9. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Roofs s 289 . Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 8. 11. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Segments will clean up at corners. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. If you click the interior face.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.7. 10. you attached gutters to a roof. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.

Roofs . water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . heat. and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house.

True b. Shed 4. Medium c. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. a. s Place gutters. False 2. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel d. High d. Gable b.Roofs . Low b. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. General Questions 1. s Place fascia.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Hip c. When referring to roof slope. None of the above 3. the run is always 12. a. s Define a roof structure. True b.

place a check mark next to: a. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. face b. a. Create an opening. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. extrusion. Expand/Contract 6. a. ______ or _______. Sketch c. sketch. Footprint. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. TAB b. Roofs can be created using ______. Create Slope d. Walls. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Turn slopes on or off. Change the direction of the slope. Change the direction of the roof. Activate Slope 9. Sketch. To add a slope to a roofline. A compound roof contains layers. d. Footprint b. a. a. True b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. c. Footprint b. False 7. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. lines c. profile 2. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. True b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Cut/Lengthen c. a. True b. b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Walls d. Add Slope b. pick d. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. you use: a. a. Slope c. Material 8. extrusion. Footprint. SHIFT c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. ENTER 4. False 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. DEL d. Trim/Extend b. Extrusion d. 10. Face 3. Defines Slope c. profile.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create slope annotations. s Create material annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create filled regions. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.

Sections are used to examine the roof. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. After completing this lesson. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. In a commercial structure. and special equipment. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. floor.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. the kitchen. In a residential building. the location of special equipment. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . interior elevations may be used to show display cases. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. cabinetry. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and tool racks. bathrooms.

Technology. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 .Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and Language Arts. engineering. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Engineering. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.

Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. t Cross or transverse sections. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.Sections and Elevations .s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and foundation plans. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. on the long axis of the building. framing. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). across its narrower dimension. and are properly cross-referenced. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.

and steel. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. such as framing connections and foundation details. partial.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s The position relationship between different elements. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

You may. bushes. For example. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. For siding. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. however. The size of the object is listed first. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. and then the name of the material. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. quantity.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. East. or methods of installation. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . people. For a wood structure. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. South. the titles assigned (North. Unnecessary Information Shades. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. shadows. and so forth. With interior elevations. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule." Mfr. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Therefore. cars. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. this is reversed.

It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and lip. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. dishwashers. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. It may have curves. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. or decorative patterns. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". or linoleum) and the wall. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. shelf arrangements.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". flush overlay. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. tile. and materials used. and types of finish materials used. chamfers. This is usually done using a topset. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. wood. and special equipment such as toilets. Hinges are concealed. This is more costly than regular overlay.Sections and Elevations . The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. casements. which is a formed pressboard. The trim is usually glued into place. Molding is usually made of plaster. Molding is normally decorative in nature. doors. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. or a baseboard. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. other openings. and other appliances. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. windows. or MDF. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . coving. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. doors and direction of door swings. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths.

you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Change the section head.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Add slope annotations. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create an interior elevation. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.

technology. engineering. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Technology. Engineering.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Sections and Elevations . To review the list of standards for each lesson. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and Language Arts. like an elevation. A section is a horizontal view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). and math standards. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Once created.

Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. elevation. provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. or other section view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. For example.

When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. it includes a crop region to resize the view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.

The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. which is spoken as 2 in 12. In the example shown. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add structural details. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Add breaklines as needed. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. In a set of construction documents. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. such as anchor bolts and siding. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add detail notes. Once you create the detail section. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Details are crucial for effective construction. So. Slope is also referred to as pitch. tracing over the existing elements. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. The number indicates the value of the rise and run.

Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Create panel. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.rvt. Create a Section View 1. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 2. 4.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Sections and Elevations s 311 . On the View tab. click Section. The file opens to a 3D view. Open the file ADA_Sections. The completed exercise 6. 3. The Section command is available from the View tab. In the Scale list on the Options Bar.

312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane.Sections and Elevations . 3. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. With the section line selected. and it has control grips to resize it. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The actual location is not critical. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. 2. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. On the Properties palette. This is called the crop region. Section Properties 1. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop.

8. In the Properties palette.4. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Clear Crop Region Visible. 7. In this exercise. The section view updates. Save the file as Unit8_section1. When you drew the section line. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you automatically created a section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 5. The view is listed in your Project Browser. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 6.rvt.

1 point Filled. On the Manage tab. The view does not change.Filled. 2. enter Open Arrow.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. click Load Family.rfa. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.Sections and Elevations . click Duplicate. Several section head families are available. Click OK. Section Head . They include Section Head . 6. In this exercise. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.No Arrow. and Section Head . On the Insert tab. 3. 5. Select Section Head-Open. Load from Library panel. 4. 7.rvt. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Settings panel. Click Open to load the family.

The section head updates to the new head type. In this exercise. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 11. 14. 13. 10. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click Duplicate. For Section Head. click Edit Type. select Section Head . select Open Arrow.Open. For Name. In the Section Tag field. Select the section line. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Click OK. enter Open Arrow.rvt. On the Properties palette. 12. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 9. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.8.

Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. On the Options Bar. To reposition the callout head. click Callout. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Sections and Elevations . Create panel. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. select the border of the callout.rvt. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 3. 4. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Open file ADA_Detail_Section.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 5. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is a building section. On the View tab. 6. 2. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Use the image below for guidance.

7. On the Draw panel. 3. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 4. Line is selected automatically. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. but not strongly.rvt. You can add detail lines. detail components. On the Annotate tab. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. as shown. 8. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. select Chain. Detail panel. region patterns. click Region > Filled Region. On the Properties palette. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Sections and Elevations s 317 . 1. 2. On the Options Bar. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.

6.5. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Select the upper and right side lines. For Name. enter Earth. 7. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify. Click OK. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.

Section. 2. select Finish (green check). Sections and Elevations s 319 . Click Open. Detail panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. If you zoom in closer. click Load Family. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.rfa. 9. 3. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK. On the Place Detail Component tab.8. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 1. click Component > Detail Component. From the Fill Pattern list. the pattern becomes visible. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. On the Mode panel.

In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 5. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.4. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. From the Type Selector.

8. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector. Move it after placement if necessary.6. 7. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. select Plywood. Using the image below for guidance. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. From the Type Selector list.

This component represents the subflooring.9. On the Properties palette. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. set the Thickness to 3/4". Use the image below for guidance.Sections and Elevations . Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Select the vertical plywood. 10. 11. Click Modify. Click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector. select anchor bolt. 12. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the component similarly to the image below.

On the Options Bar.13. Click Modify. 14. select Lap Siding. Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Use the image below for guidance. select Copy. select Multiple. Add another Detail Component.

Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Detail panel. Save the file. Start at the end of the siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. From the Line Style Selector.Sections and Elevations . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Add Detail Lines 1. On the Annotate tab. 2.15. click Detail Line. 16. select Wide Lines.

4. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 5.3. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out. Still using Wide Lines.

Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. select the Material field in row 3.Sections and Elevations . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. identified as Wall material 1. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 10. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Save the file. 9. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Right-click. Select the wall so it highlights.6. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field. The wall display updates. Detail panel. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Next. Add Insulation 1. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. On the Annotate tab. click Insulation. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Modify. 7. 2.

Sections and Elevations s 327 .2. From the Type Selector. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. select Break Line. Your view should resemble the image shown. click Component > Detail Component. On the Annotate tab. 1. Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3.

The Detail Component tool is still active. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. The view should resemble the image shown. 7.Sections and Elevations . add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. To complete the detail. In this exercise. detail lines. Click Zoom to Fit. You place another breakline.4. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). and detail components to it. 6. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 5. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Place the breakline as shown. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions.

Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 1. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. 2. The size of the object is listed first. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. quantity. and ventilation methods in construction documents. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. or methods of installation.rvt. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. s Clear Annotation Crop. With nothing selected in the view. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. weatherproofing. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The border around the view will disappear. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . To add notes.

Move the pointer up 11. Finally. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall.Sections and Elevations .4. 8. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .4" WEATHERING. 7. As you pull your cursor to the right. On the Annotate tab. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. click Two Segments. R13. 6. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 5. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. click Text. insulation. 10. Text panel. leader arrow as shown. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 12. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. From the Type list. On the Format panel. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 9.

Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 15. Start the next text at the interior wall. 14. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. is an acronym for On Center. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. as the second line of text. O. .TYPE X.C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Click off the text to finish the entry. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the baseboard. 20. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 16.. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.C. Start the next text at the floorboard.13. 19. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 17.C. 18. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.C.

. Click ENTER to start a second line. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 22. 21. 23. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .rvt. Note: CONC signifies concrete. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. section. 3. Locate the A-Landscape. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. and locate the detail view on it. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 5. 6.rvt. The new sheet becomes the current view. click Load. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 4. Click Open. you will want to add the views to a sheet.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Project Browser. or elevation view. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Highlight your title block. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Right-click. Click New Sheet. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Sections and Elevations s 333 . you create a new sheet with your custom title block. highlight Sheets. 2. In this exercise.rfa title block you created in Unit 3.

select view Detail at Foundation. click Show Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . 9. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Select a Level Line. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Click the control at its left end. Drag it to the right. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border. Both Level ends will move together. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 8. On the View Control Bar. On the View Control Bar. click Hide Crop Region.7. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. In the Project Browser.

For Number. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Click OK. you: s Created a new sheet. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.301. 11. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click Rename. highlight the new sheet. In the Project Browser.10. Right-click. enter S. 13. 12. For Name. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.

You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. s Add material notes. Click OK. Select Elevations. It is defined by the green dotted line. Open ADA_Elevations. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Click the Annotations tab. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 6. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. When you create a project with a template. The elevation markers are now visible.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Set the display for building components as needed. 2. 3. south. s Add slope indication for roof. s Add any necessary dimensions.Sections and Elevations . 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . four elevation views are included: north. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Right-click. 2. 5. east. and west. 4. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.

3. On the Annotations tab. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Sections and Elevations s 337 .2. On the View Control Bar. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. clear Sections. clear Planting. 5. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. On the Modelling tab. 4. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Next.

10. In this exercise. 13.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. Click the button that displays to select a material. Click Zoom to Fit.Exterior Stucco. you activated an elevation view.rvt. 12. In Surface Pattern. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. It will be identified as Condo . Select the wall. 8. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Select the Material field for Layer 1. click Edit Type. and modified the wall display characteristics. Select Sand. In the Type Properties dialog box.7. modified its display. 9. 11. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. click to open the list. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Edit in the Structure field.

rvt. or methods of installation. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. quantity. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Enter TX. Add a note for the foundation. The size of the object is listed first. 4.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Set the Leader type to One Segment. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Add a note for the stone wall. 3. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. In the Type Selector. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 5. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 2.

8. 7.6. Add a note for the roof. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the exterior stucco.rvt.Sections and Elevations . you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. 9. Add a note for the brick wall.

1. 3. click Spot Slope. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Options Bar. Dimension panel.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 5.rvt. For Offset from Reference. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 6. 4. 2. from the Slope Representation list. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Click again to locate the slope indicator. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. enter 1/8". select Triangle. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Click to select the roof line. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.

Sections and Elevations . Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 10. Dimension panel. 11. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7. On the Annotate tab. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 9. click Aligned. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click to select the roof line. Click Modify.

and dimensions for clarity. In this exercise. Arrange notes. slope indicators.rvt.12. and vertical dimensions. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. To create a continuous dimension as shown. The west elevation now contains material notes. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. leaders. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 14. 13. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels.

kitchens.Sections and Elevations . Click Open View. 2. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. special closets. Highlight the view. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.rvt. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Right-click. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. 3. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . dimensions. equipment rooms. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. This view was already defined in the drawing. In this exercise. Click Find Referring Views. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. and cabinetry. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.

On the Annotate tab. s s s s Click Duplicate. Right-click. 6. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Clear Use Project Settings. click Aligned. click OK.4. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. In the Name box. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 7. Dimension panel. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select Suppress 0 Feet. 5. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes.

you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail the interior section. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.9.Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style. In this exercise. Using the Text and Dimension tools.rvt.

All of the above 5. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Not in Contract c. s Create material annotations. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. s Create filled regions. The orientation of the exterior elevation. b. is always the true orientation. Either one. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. All of the above. 2. False 3. it depends. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. d. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Walls c. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create a section view.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Nobody in Charge d. 4. b. c. General Questions 1. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. a. The direction the viewer is facing. Not in Concrete b. Show the relationships between elements. c. such as north. Cabinetry d. True b. The direction the structure is facing.

True b. c. Sun and Shadow b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Right-click. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. South d. On the View tab. Element properties c. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. d. The boundaries of the view. b. The detail level of the view. West c. you use: a. The Visual Style of the view. a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . False 2. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. a. The height of the view. click Sheet Composition > View. The dotted line indicates: a. East b. but not a 6. False 5. d. b. Click Add View. c. True b. Which elevation is it? a.Sections and Elevations . To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. North 3. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. 4. b and c.

s Load a schedule tag. s Reformat a schedule. 4. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Export a schedule. Review Schedules. Lesson Plan 1.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 5.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. After completing this lesson.Schedules . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. such as reference number. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. This lesson relates to science. width. engineering. About Schedules s 351 . height. and thickness. Engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Some of these building objects include.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.Schedules . the same primary information is included. Instance.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. However. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. There are different types of schedule tables. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .

or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). A circle. and A for appliances. Other letters are P for plumbing. window. E for electrical. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.Schedules . The following image shows door. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. hexagon. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Like schedules. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Using the software. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. However. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.

technology. Engineering. and you can create your own schedules. Project templates include preset schedules. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. rooms. s Create a room schedule. and math standards. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedules s 355 . This lesson relates to science. s Add room tags. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. materials. Technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. hardware. equipment. and Language Arts. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows. Math (STEM). engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. s Export a schedule. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components.

and you set the schedule to display totals. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Schedules . s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.

Click Add. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 4. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. select Comments. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Level. Schedules s 357 . Height. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. In Available Fields. 3. On the View tab. 6. Select Windows from the list. Add Count. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. and Width.s Window Tag 5. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 7. Type Mark.

358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. from left to right.8. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Click OK to finish the schedule. Select the fields.Schedules . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 9.

From the Sort By list. Schedules s 359 . Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. 3.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. but without any useful calculations yet. 1. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. select Type Mark. Select Blank Line. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.

Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. you can have the schedule report this.Schedules . 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 1. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 4. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Notice how the schedule has changed. clear Itemize Every Instance. Rather than make a manual calculation. select Level. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 2. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. in the Then By sorting field. for Sorting/ Grouping. 3. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. click the schedule name. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. click Edit. in this case). The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.

for Sorting/ Grouping. select Footer.rvt. click Edit 7. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Schedules s 361 . 6. Count. In this exercise. The totals for each window type now display. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Properties palette. From the list. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.5. select Title. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. and Totals.

click Room > Room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 2. Locate the file named Room Tag. ceiling type. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. based on the amount of space in each room.Schedules . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. click Overwrite the Existing Version. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms.rvt. On the Home tab. Click Open. 3. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Room size. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. 5. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. floor type. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 4. Room & Area panel.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. occupancy. Open ADA_Room_Tags.

Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. and in the hall as shown. 6. Schedules s 363 . Click Modify to terminate the placement. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 8. 7. a total of 7. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector. click Room > Room Separation Line.

13. 11. Place a room tag below the room separation line. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Select Room #2. 12. click Room. On the Room & Area panel. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box.Schedules . The cursor changes to sketch mode. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Modify.9. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Click the Room text. An edit box activates. The room tag updates. s Change the word Room to Manager. 10. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Added a room separation. s Changed room tag field values.14.rvt. Schedules s 365 . Save the file as Unit9_rooms. In this exercise. for Name. s Tagged various objects. enter Sales. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. On the Properties palette. 15. you: s Loaded a room tag.

Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. 2. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 4.Schedules . 3. In the Available Fields pane. Create a Room Schedule 1. select Number. On the View tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Area to be included in your schedule. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. The completed exercise 5.rvt. enter Square Footage Report. 6. For Name. Click OK. Set the Sort By value to Number. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Click Add--> after each selection. Name. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Create panel. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.

9. Highlight the Area field. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Highlight the Number field. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. 8. clear Use Project Settings. Select Grand Totals.7. s Click Field Format. s Set Alignment to Right. Click OK. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 10. Schedules s 367 . Change the Heading to No. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Click the Formatting tab. In the Format dialog box.

11. In this exercise.Schedules . 12. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. you: s Created a room schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.

rvt.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. locate the file you created. 4. Click OK. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.txt) file. Click Save. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Note the formatting that has been applied. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Double-click it to open it. 5. 2. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 3. You can then use this file in other applications. On the application menu. Schedules s 369 . Browse to a directory to save your report. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 6. The file is created. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Using your Windows Explorer. you export the room schedule to a text file.

370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .7.Schedules . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 8. In this exercise. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.

Matrix d. d. What is a schedule table? a. True b. s Load a schedule tag. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Quantity c. s Reformat a schedule. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. True b. s Place a schedule tag. Questions 1. s Export a schedule. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. b. a. None of the above. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A list of sheets used in a project. 2. c. Type b. Instance 3. False Summary/Questions s 371 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 4. you learned to: s Create a schedule. a.

Schedules . use the ____ . a. Modify 2. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. a. Annotate b. XLS c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab 3. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Home d. Annotate tab b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . CSV d. Application menu d. To export a schedule. View c. View tab c. TXT b.

2. Lesson Plan 1. Review Visualization.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 3. 4.

After completing this lesson. you create a walkthrough. Technology. and Language Arts. s Export an FBX file. s Add planting components.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Engineering. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Finally. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Create and edit a walkthrough. or camera on a path. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Place a camera. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Play a walkthrough. s Assign materials. s Export a DWG file. s Apply shading to a view. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Orient walls and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Visualization . Math (STEM). Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export a walkthrough.

To prepare your model for rendering. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.rvt. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s s 2. Open Unit2_custom_family. You worked on animations. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Assign materials. Click Zoom to Fit. courseware datasets. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.

Right-click. The wall display updates. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select one of the exterior walls. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 4. All the exterior walls highlight in blue.3. If you do not see any change in the wall display. 6. Select any exterior wall. Stud. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 5. The walls now display layers of materials.Visualization . The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside.

Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select Site: Grass. Click Change wall's orientation. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select the toposurface object.7. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 10. 8. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. you can: s s s 9. Right-click. Repeat the process for the windows. Visualization s 377 . In addition to using the control arrows. Select walls. Open the Default 3D view.

click Export > FBX. select Autodesk (*. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Select the file name. Open 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. 2. you have completed this exercise.FBX). The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 12. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt.11. click Import > Import. and click Open. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Save the file as Unit10_Export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 3. for Files of type. Note the file location. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.Visualization . Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. Select the Roof. In the Select File to Import dialog box.

you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to DWG 1. Visualization s 379 . Note the file location. Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. 3. Close the file without saving. click Next. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG.4. If necessary. Depending on your system resources. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. 2. There is no way to update it from Revit.rvt. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.

Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 6. Select the file name. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. open Unit10_Export.max.rvt. 7. click References > File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager . Close the File Link Manager. 8. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click File. 9. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open 3ds Max Design. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 5.4. If necessary. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open.Visualization . Select two windows as shown. On the application menu. Open or return to Revit.

11. In the dialog box. 12. Open the 3D view. On the application menu. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 13. Visualization s 381 . The windows have updated.10. Save the export file using the same name as before.

The linked file updates. Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. s Changed a material definition. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.14. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . 15. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Close the File Link Manager. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the Files tab. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click Reload. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. The windows have changed. In this exercise.

you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. On the View tab. Visualization s 383 . add plantings to the model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. you place a camera in a model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. click Camera. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open the Site view. If you place the camera too close to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Open Unit10_Export. In this exercise.rvt.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Place a Camera 1. Create panel. 3. 2. change materials. generate a rendering. as shown. and create a second rendering.

On the View Control Bar. Right-click. 7. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. The camera will be visible. 2. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Click Show Camera. s s s s Open a floor plan view. If necessary. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. select Very Few Clouds. click Show Rendering Dialog. 5. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Open the Site view again. The camera perspective view opens. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Return to the perspective view. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Render Setup 1.4. 6.Visualization .

30' approximately as shown. Model Site panel. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .3. Open view 3D View 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. and Lighting. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Click Render. Enhance the Model 1. 2. s Click Render. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. On the Massing & Site tab. 3. Open the Site view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Visualization s 385 . Output Settings. click Site Component.

Visualization . 5. click Edit Type. 4. and you can now select elements for editing. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view.Wood Shake. The model displays in the view. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click Edit Type. In the Layer 1 Material field. click Save to Project.4. In the Materials list. In the Rendering dialog box. Select the roof. click OK. Select an exterior wall. 5. click Show the Model. Change Materials 1. Click Edit in the Structure field. select Roofing . On the Properties palette. 2. In the Rendering dialog box. 3. 6. On the Properties palette. In the Save to Project dialog box. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Click Edit in the Structure field. 8.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Replace. 9.10. Select the icon next to Masonry . Visualization s 387 . 7.

15. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.rvt. Click OK. s Generated and captured a second render image. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .11. In this exercise. s Created a raytrace setup.Visualization . These images are now available as options to present to a client. s Placed site planting components in the model. 13. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Render. 12.Brick Uniform Running Brown. In the Rendering dialog box. Select Masonry . In the Rendering dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. 16. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view. 14. s Edited materials in model components. click Save to Project.

click to the left of the model as shown. s Right-click. s On the View tab. The camera and path can be edited. and exported individually. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. or frame. Visualization s 389 . The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Open Unit10_render. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. rendered. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Open floor plan view Level 1. 2. 4. Click Zoom Out (2x). The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Each view. In this exercise. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. s Right-click again. s View the animation in a media player. along the path can be viewed in different modes. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.rvt. Create panel. in a project model. s Edit the camera and path. or walkthroughs. click 3d View > Walkthrough.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. To place a key frame.

390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 8. Repeat for all the key frames. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. click Finish Walkthrough. The camera is located on the final key frame. 9. 6. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Walkthrough panel.5. Walkthrough panel. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Drag it to the left. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Select the direction control for the camera. 11. The Options Bar changes. click Edit Walkthrough. 10. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 7.

Visualization s 391 . Check the view in several key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. From the Controls list. 13. The path displays control dots at key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Click Edit Walkthrough. select Path. Drag the path away from the model as shown. If camera positions distort. 3. Edit the Walkthrough 1. click Next Key Frame. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. On the Walkthrough panel. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. Click Open.12.

Play the Walkthrough 1. notice where you save the file. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 3. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Export the Walkthrough 1. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 2. click OK. In the Length/Format dialog box. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 4. Click Save. select a video compression method to hold down file size. The walkthrough plays in the view window.rvt.Visualization . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. File Name. In the Video Compression dialog box. Click Play. On the application menu. Click OK. Revit generates the external AVI file. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 2.

Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Plan your class time accordingly. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Double-click the new file name.

394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the animation file in a media player. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.Visualization . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file. If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise.7.

a. True b. Print to File b. s Create a raytrace rendering. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. you use: a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. Save As > FBX c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. s Export a DWG file. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Export > FBX 3. s Apply shading to a view. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Split b. you use: a. Questions 1. s Add planting components. s Place a camera. True b. a. False 2. True b. a. Demolish 2. s Orient walls and windows. Align c. View > Shading d. s Play a walkthrough. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Flip Orientation d. s Assign materials. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 2. Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams and braces. In the following exercises. 3. 5. beams. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. foundations. you learn how to place structural columns. Lesson Plan 1. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. beam systems. and braces. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students.

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.Structural . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. For example.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls. and other building objects. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Knowing where structural members. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns.Structural . 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Technology. Place beam systems and braces. Create column grids. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Place columns and beams on grids. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Structural s 401 .

Open Deck Framing. wood. 3. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. spans without walls. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. On the Build panel of the Home tab. or reinforced concrete. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.Structural . Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. As with columns. Beams connect columns or walls. On the View Control Bar. Structural columns can be steel. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. beams can be steel. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. 2.Hide Category.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. click Column > Structural Column. They come in types defined by size and shape. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. Select a floor. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. often mainly glass. In residential construction. 1. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . or concrete.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. wood. this is known as post and beam construction. In this exercise.

On the Options Bar. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. In the Type Selector. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". and 4B. 8. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. click Depth. 5. Click the edge of the right floor to select it.4. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 3A. Structural s 403 . 7. 6. On the View Control Bar.

Structural . 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click Hide In View > Element. Place Beams 1. Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Zoom in so you can see the deck. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser. Click OK. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 11. The columns are now hidden by the floors. 10.9. 2. rail. and columns clearly. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9".

click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Structure tab. To place beams: Structural s 405 . 5. Structure panel. 4. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. select Chain. s In the view window. Click. click Beam. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Options Bar.3. In the Type Selector.

On the Properties palette. Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. Click Modify.Structural . 6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams.

On the Properties palette. 12. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. click Beam. Click on grid intersection B4. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Save the file as Deck Beams. If a Warning dialog box that opens. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click OK.8. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structural s 407 . Structure panel. 11. as shown. In this exercise. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. click Make Wall Bearing.rvt. 9. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Click.

You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Open Plan View Deck Framing. distance. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Open Deck Beams. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Structure tab. Place Beam Systems 1. In this exercise. s Place braces. Click the beam on Grid 1.Structural . Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. 2. you: s Place beam systems. or number of beams in a bay. click Sketch Beam System. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. The completed exercise 5. click Beam System. click Pick Supports. Structure panel. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click No. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. 4. This is the direction indicator for the beam system.rvt. 3.

6. click Line. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. as shown. On the Draw panel. 7. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 .

click Create Similar. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. On the Properties palette. 10. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .2". click Line. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . 11. Click Finish. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary.8. click Finish (green check). 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Elevation to -0'-9". s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. s s s On the Draw panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.6". click Pick Supports. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.Structural . On the Mode panel. s 9. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.

Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 5. 2. Structural s 411 . set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. as shown. Click to place the elevation. unlike regular elevations. Structure panel. On the View Control Bar. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Create panel. On the View tab. It has an automatic work plane. In the Project Browser. click Brace. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 3. Adjust the view crop region as shown.Place Braces 1. 4. On the Structure tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids.

7. to start the brace. In the view window. Repeat the brace going right to left. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 8.6. In the Type Selector. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click Modify. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 9.Structural .

Save the file as Deck structure. In this exercise.10. Structural s 413 . you: s Placed beam systems.rvt. 11. s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.

and section views. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. 2. Datum panel. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.Structural . A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. In this exercise. In plan views.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. The exact length is not critical. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Pull the cursor straight up. elevation. You can change a grid number at any time. click Grid. s s In the view window. Grid datasets. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. beams. The numbering automatically increments. This is a common step early in designing a large building. but they can also be angular and radial. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. as shown. The exact location is not critical. and walls. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". 4.3. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 . Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The Grid tool is still active. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line.

You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click to place the grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The new grid line will be number 3. 6. Press ENTER.5. Grid 3 is already the selection set. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Enter A at the keyboard. The new grid line is number 5. Repeat to create grid line 4. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.Structural . s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 7. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. s Select Grid Line 2. Pull the cursor to the left. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. click Copy. close to the heads. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Pull the cursor to the right. Click to start a grid line.

This grid line will be number B.1. On the grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset.1 is still selected.8. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. 11. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Grid 2. The Grid tool is still active. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Structural s 417 . 9. s Click to place the grid line. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Select grid 2. 10. This completes the main grid. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Change the number to 2. s Click Copy.

On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. Click in the new grid bubble.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2.000 o . 3. 4. Change the number to EE. s Click to start the grid line. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Options Bar.Structural . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Create panel. click Radius. On the Home tab. Zoom to Fit. The Grid tool is still active. On the Options Bar. click Pick. enter 15. Press ENTER. s s Click grid intersection D3. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Radius field. click Grid. set Offset to 15'-0". select Center-Ends Arc. Click to place the grid head.

Click to place grid FF. Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. 6. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Drag it down below the radial grids. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. 7. You will need to identify it easily.5. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.

Pick Axis. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Revit will create grid 32. click Create Similar. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Click grid intersection D3. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Zoom to Fit. Click in the new grid bubble.000. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Press ENTER. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Select grid 31. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s In this exercise. click Mirror .rvt. s Select grid 3. Click to place the grid line. 11.Structural . Enter 31 to change the name. s 10.8.

s 3.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Change a grid layout. In this exercise. click Column > Structural Column. 2. s Use a column grid to place beams. This is a steel column. Structure panel. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In the Type Selector. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. you typically create a grid. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. As a result. Structural s 421 . select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified.

5. In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. click Finish. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. 3.s s On the Options Bar. A. 4. 6. 2. set Height to Level 3.Structural . On the Multiple panel. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. B. C and D. click At Grids.

Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Window-select all the grid lines. columns. click Finish. and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Click Grid 1. 3. click Beam. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click On Grids. Zoom to Fit. Structural s 423 . Open Floor Plan Level 2. 4. 5. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Multiple panel. 2. The grid.

Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Click Redo. click At Columns. click Isolated. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click Finish. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Quick Access toolbar. 2.Structural . On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. window-select all the columns. 1. In the view window. On the Multiple panel. click Undo. click No. Open the Default 3D view. On the Multiple panel. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 6.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 3. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4.

in the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 6. The footing changes size. A warning displays. Press ESC to clear the column selection. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". To change the size of the footing. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. s On the Properties palette. The footing had been placed at Level 1. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Click OK. 7. Structural s 425 . set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".5.

In this exercise. Save and close the file. s Changed a grid layout. s Used a column grid to place beams. s Added footings to columns.Structural .8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans.

Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Questions 1. s Use a column grid to place columns. 2. s Change a grid layout. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Beam d. s Add footings to columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. True b. s Place beam systems. Column b. Brace c. All of the above. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place braces.

b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Properties c. 3. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. c. Flip Orientation d. False 4. Pick points. Select a beam type and define the system layout. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you can: a. 5. A but not B. If you relocate a grid line. A and B. To change the height of a column. c. you: a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you use: a. True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Select the type of beam or column to place. True b.Structural . Stretch b. When placing columns or beams. d. a. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 2. b. To create a beam system. All of the above. d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it.

PE .Teacher. Inc. Copyright s 431 .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Starkweather .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Director. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Milwaukee.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Executive Director. South Division High School. Smith .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Poway. Randy Dymond. WI Roger Dohm .Instructor. International Technology Education Association www. Susan Harrington .org Project Lead the Way.iteaconnect. Ltd. Mathematics. CA Ronald A Williams. Poway High School.

AutoCAD. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright .” AUTODESK. may not be reproduced in any form. 2010 Autodesk. CA 94903. Autodesk Revit MEP. Autodesk Revit Architecture. All rights reserved. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. for any purpose. Inc. Published by: Autodesk. or trademarks belong to their respective holders.. All other brand names. or parts thereof. AutoCAD MEP. Inc. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Inc. Autodesk Inventor. All rights reserved. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. by any method. “AS IS. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. AutoCAD Architecture. INC. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. product names. INC.. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings.© 2010 Autodesk. Trademarks Autodesk. Inc. this publication. Inc.

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