Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

elevation.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. furniture. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . section. Other building elements such as doors. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. stairs. windows. roofs. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. and 3D views. You can add building elements in plan.Software Tools . floors.

While components are being sketched. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. If one is moved. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. the other will move as well. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. In the two illustrations shown.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. technology. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. and Language Arts. Technology. Math (STEM).Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Engineering. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Place a predefined Mass family. s Constrain placement of objects.

This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. roofs. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. owner. size. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. walls. you can create in-place masses. A designer. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. There are mass families available to load into a project. such as distance requirements from roadways. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and curtain systems. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. quickly. and then converted into building components such as floors.Software Tools . The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. walls. masses. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotation includes text notes. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Explain the use of dimensions. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. legends. engineering. Technology. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Engineering. technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. tags. and symbol heads. s Recognize temporary dimensions.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM).

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

and permanent dimensions for annotating.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. or angular. radial.

y.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system. and how other levels change display accordingly.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. and Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Technology.Software Tools . and math standards. s Work with tool buttons. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Engineering. engineering. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. the Type Selector. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open tabs on the ribbon. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Some commands will not be active (that is. beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. for instance. Display and Navigation s 31 . The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. and rooms. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. doors. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. windows. Its position is fixed.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

detailing. structural walls. braces. and foundations. Display and Navigation s 33 . The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. slabs. trusses. columns. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. symbols. and text.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

and parameters. Context tabs display as you work. and inquiry. materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close. Open. Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.Software Tools .

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. schedules. Legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.Software Tools . schedules. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. sheets. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. and groups. families.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. level of detail. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. shadow display. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.Software Tools . cropping. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. A check mark indicates it is visible. rendering (in 3D views). sun settings. Windows panel on the ribbon. visual style. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.

To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Select the desired view scale from the list.

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools . Hidden Line. Shaded with Edges. Shaded. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. or by global location. sun and shadow intensity. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.

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Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. These controls. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.

Display and Navigation s 55 . expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Manage and Modify. Annotate. Structure. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. To activate or open a view.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Collaborate. Nine tabs are available: Home. View. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Massing & Site. Insert.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Properties Palette. When a context tab is active. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Display and Navigation s 57 . the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs. showing options that you can select while you are working. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. If you select items in the view window. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Options Bar. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views.Software Tools .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

On the right is a list of recently opened files. Export. File Save. New File.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. such as File Open. The application menu contains file management controls. Print. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. and Publish. Display and Navigation s 65 . Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. File Close only appears on the application menu. Click a file name to open that file.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. On the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. make the Home tab active. The completed exercise 4. If you select the menu option. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Do this for other tabs. To start a new project. 3. The panel titles display under the tab titles. or click New > Project from the application menu.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 2. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. After you have examined each of them. Display and Navigation s 67 .

In this exercise. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Select Cycle Through All. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . They disappear when you move the cursor away. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Close the file without saving.Software Tools . hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.5. 7. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. and then viewed. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. you opened a project file.

The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open quick_start_building_elements. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. In the Project Browser. 2. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Exercise 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs.rvt.

Click the door in the upper left of the model. 4. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. . Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You are selecting everything visible. Click any interior wall. Clear Walls and Doors. On the Properties palette. 6. 5. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. all the walls.3. Click Filter panel > Filter. and windows highlight blue. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. doors. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click OK. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view.Software Tools . 8. 7.

Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. 10. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Place a door as shown. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 12. Click any door. you opened a project file. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . click Create panel > Create Similar. examined the menus and toolbars.rvt.9.

Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. You can create sections. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. drafting views. s Load and place component families. Component families include model objects (furniture. and 3D views using the View menu. building elements (walls. either predefined or user-created. floors). s Work with Revit families. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. display controls. schedules. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. lines. templates. System families include levels. mechanical equipment). and elevation views by default. In the exercises. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom.Software Tools . you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and Language Arts. s Create a new in-place family. operating settings. Math (STEM). s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. Pan. annotations. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. ceiling plan. Revit provides floor plan. Technology. and views. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards.This lesson relates to science. technology.

Right-click. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. First. Clear the check mark next to Elevations.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click OK. VG also opens the dialog box. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. There is no way to see everything in it.rvt. Open Unit2_building_elements. even a small one. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The completed exercise Visibility 1. is an extensive database. Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The elevation markers disappear from the view. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.Software Tools . 2. Rightclick in the view window. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. 3. Four elevation markers are visible. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The display changes.

Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. so be sure to select them both. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Select Detail Level: Medium. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . In the Project Browser. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Enter ZF. Zoom to Fit. 6. On the View Control Bar. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. 5. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. There are two parts to an elevation. Right-click.4. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Right-click. Click Open. Select the roof outline. Click Zoom In Region. click Detail Level. 7.

click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors and windows are not shown.Software Tools . You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view.8. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Turn off visibility of the elevations. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. change the Underlay value to None. View Properties 1. as before. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. 2. Enter VH. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.

Right-click. click Edit. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. enter Roof.0". 4. the ridge is now visible. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Set the cut plane value to 7' . By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click OK. For Name.3. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click Rename. and where the cut plane sits. Next to View Range. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.

select Shadows On.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. Accept the location that activates. 4. 5. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the dialog box that opens. 3. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. under Solar Study. select Shading with Edges. select Winter Solstice. In the Presets list. select Still. Open Elevation view South. Set the time to 9:30 am. 2. In the Sun Settings dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box.

rvt. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . In this exercise. 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit2_views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.

and use a Revit family to place a door. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. You add closet doors to interior walls. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. doors and windows are dependent on walls). click Door. such as levels. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. you open an existing project file. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. lights. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Additionally. On the Home tab. and annotations are examples of standard families. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. floors. and place Revit families. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 2. load. In Revit. These components are called families and there are several different types. Doors. and floors.rvt. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. Open Unit2_views. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. windows. Build panel. or institutional structures. railings. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. s A system family. windows. or stand-alone (for example. roofs. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Doors are considered standard family entities. standard families. walls. and furniture. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. is predefined within Revit. and families in place. commercial. furniture.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. There are system families. furniture). and so on. 3. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family.

Family files have a file extension of *. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Project files have a file extension of *. If you highlight a door family. Furniture. Locate Double Panel 2. On the Modify | Place Door tab.rvt. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. As you move your cursor near any wall. 4. Accept the default size. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Click Open. It has a number of different sizes defined. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rfa. and Annotation. 5. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Tag panel. s s 6. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Click the Doors folder.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Click Open. You click to place an instance of the door family. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.

Software Tools .rvt. and placed instances of a door family. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 9. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 8. simply click it. loaded. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Place an instance of the door as shown. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. you located. Place two more instances of the door as shown. but not strongly.

Open Unit2_doors_walls. This door needs to be 48" wide. Click OK. For Name. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. enter 48" x 80". The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 3.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Select the double door as shown. you open an existing project file. modify a door family.rvt. 5. and create an in-place family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . click Duplicate. The required width is not available.

The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. enter Hall Clock. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. set the Extrusion End value to 6". click Component > Model In-Place. Build panel. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. In the dialog box. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings.6. For Name. is to create a component family in place. 5. 1. 4. Click OK. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 2. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Home tab. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 3. On the Properties palette. The door updates. Click OK. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Software Tools . select Generic Models.

13. 8. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Click Mode panel > Finish as before.2". 7. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. loaded. You have created the base of the clock.rvt. 11. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click OK. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .6. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . The family model updates.0' 2". and placed a door family. as shown. 12. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 10. you located. Revit will display . On the Draw panel.4" as shown. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 9. click Rectangle. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". In this exercise.

The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.

Each project has several predefined views. Either a or b. load. Zoom to the entire model. The tool shown is used to: a. c. Zoom in Region is used to: a. s Create an in-place model family. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Turn on Shadows. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. True b. b. Right-click. and Options Bar. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. 7. and click Open. context tabs. s Change type properties of a family. a. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b. s Access. d. False 5. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. a. Create a 3D perspective view. True b. d. c. False 2. 6. False 4. a. s Change view properties. depending on the template selected. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. To activate a view: a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Change view displays. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. False 3. Spin the model in 3D space.Software Tools . d. s Open different views. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Views can be renamed. Questions 1. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . a. c. and place a family from a library. b. tab.

you can use the scroll wheel to: a. A family created within a project is called ________________. etc. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. System c. Standard b. Families 11. In-Place d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Multiview b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a. Rotate c.8. Properties palette 10. Parts d. All of the above. Scroll d. depending on settings 9. Pan and Zoom b. a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Project Browser d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . windows.) are called: a. Blocks c.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. Lesson Plan 1. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 4. s Create dimensions and text. s Create labels. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Create dimension and text styles. 7. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create a project template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Set project units. s Duplicate and modify views. 8. 9. you will be able to: s Select a project template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.aias. Math (STEM).org. Visit the AIA website at www. Many cities and counties have their own rules. and so forth. should be used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. colors.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. After completing this lesson. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . colors. based on the AIA standards. Technology. Explain why templates are used. linetypes. Engineering. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. and the settings that are preset within them.aia.org. defining the layers. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. and Language Arts. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. linetypes.Standards and Building Codes . The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Visit the AIAS website at www. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards.This lesson relates to technology. engineering.

and one closet. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. otherwise it is considered a carport. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. doors. defined and adopted by convention. A unit is a particular physical quantity. a garage. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. the number being its numerical value. a bathroom.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. If there is a fire. For example. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A garage must be completely enclosed. and so on. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed.Standards and Building Codes . If it lacks any of these components. and so on. windows. like mechanical drawing. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. a common area (such as a living room or family room). uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. it must have at least one door. one window. it cannot be called a bedroom.

units are applied to dimensions. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control.. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. also known as the International System of Units. or imperial. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. In architectural drafting.For example. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot.. glass. such as room size and wall height. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. However. its value is expressed in the unit meter. and other materials. in the United States. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Here h is the physical quantity. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 169 m. Another method is to apply dual notation. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. is 555 ft. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. using imperial units. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. unit symbol ft. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. the construction industry still uses the English. unit symbol m.

can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.) 8. and viewports.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. line weight and pattern. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).Scales are ratios. one value representing another value. every 1/8" would represent 1'. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. In Revit Architecture. sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.Standards and Building Codes . Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Each size is designated by a letter.

Standards and Building Codes s 97 . site plan. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. symbols. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. elevators. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. You create and position views.a modified version of the AIA standard. notes Demolition. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. temporary Schedules Sections. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. and then add a title block or other symbols.01. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).01. The integers go from 0 to 9. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.

The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the date drawn. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. so that the height is less than the width. that is. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and so on. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Usually. For example. The next space is for tracking revisions. drawing scales. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the author of the drawing. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. and layer standards. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The column is divided into sections. the electrician. fonts. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. annotation plot sizes. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Typically. followed by information on the building's owner. and other relevant information. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The paper is oriented landscape. the HVAC company. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project.Standards and Building Codes .

Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. layer settings. and so forth. dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. title blocks.

Math (STEM). dimension styles. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes . and walls. windows. Technology. These can be used to build your model. views. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Engineering.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

engineering. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.This lesson relates to technology.

In Revit. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. or store. 3. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . apartments. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. click Browse. Condominiums. In the New Project dialog box. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. factory. Open Revit to an empty project file.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. 2. On the application menu. you create a new project file using a template. click New > Project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. and town houses usually use commercial building templates.Standards and Building Codes . you use templates as starting points. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Select a Template 1.

Click OK. On the application menu. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. saving set up time. click Close to close this project without saving. you started a new project file using a standard template. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 6.4. In this exercise. Click Open. 5. Settings s 103 .rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Select the Residential-Default.

The file opens to a 3D view. expand Floor Plans under Views. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . the drawing setup options are preset. The Wall tool remains active. 2. click Wall. Pull the cursor to the right. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Press ESC to cancel the wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Click to start a new wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. s Place the cursor over the left wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. In the Project Browser.rvt. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. In the courseware datasets folder. Build panel. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. open ADA__Settings.

s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.) 6.4. Press ESC to cancel the wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Settings s 105 . and move the cursor right. 5. In this exercise. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 7. Close the file without saving. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click OK twice to save the setting change. 8. Click Format for Length. Place the cursor over the left wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. click to start a new wall. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.

In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. or insert components. Click OK. 1.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter Big Text. On the Annotate tab. click Edit Type. dimensions not only display. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent.rvt. Temporary dimensions display when you select. create.Standards and Building Codes . On the Properties palette. click Aligned. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 4. Dimension panel. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. 3. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. but also control the size and location of objects. For Name. 2. there are two types of dimensions. Open ADA_Dimensions. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. temporary and permanent. By default.

s Click OK twice. left. Select the top. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. Click to place. 7. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot.5. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. and bottom horizontal walls. 6. Settings s 107 .

9. you opened an existing file. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.8. upper. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. The Dimension tool stays active. Close the file without saving. Click to place the dimension. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. created a new dimension style. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. In this exercise. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.

place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. In order to do this. Right-click.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Settings s 109 . 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. 3. Notice the door and window tags. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. There are no annotations visible. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In the datasets folder. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file.rvt. In the Project Browser. and the view window displays the new plan.

In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 5. click Project Information. Settings panel. Double-click to open it. 7. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 8. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture.4. On the Manage tab. 6. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Model Categories tab. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click Rename. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. In the Project Browser. 9. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Click OK to update the display of this view. Click OK. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Project Browser. 1. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. select Floor Plan: Level 1.Standards and Building Codes .

Click OK. Click New Sheet. You can also enter the address of your school. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. highlight the title block displayed in the list. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Settings s 111 . Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information.Add a Sheet 1. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. 2. click Edit. Rightclick. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Enter the address as shown. or supply your own values: Click OK.) 3. 2. 3.

5. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Notice the change to the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.Standards and Building Codes . In the Identity Data and Other sections. Click Apply. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Next. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.

Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. 4. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select the new viewport. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click. Settings s 113 . 3.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Click Activate View. 2.

Finish the move. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. of the sheet. you: select it. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. 6. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . deselect it.5. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . s Placed a view on the sheet. s Added a sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. The view updates on the sheet. Place the cursor 7.

Settings s 115 . you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. click New > Titleblock.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. A copy of the 11 x 8. Select A-11x8.5. On the application menu. Click Open. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.rft. This is one of the longer exercises. 2. It opens to the Recent Files window. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Start Revit Architecture. 3.5 title block template opens. 4.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Your teacher may specify another location. select Drawn By.Landscape. Accept the Sample Value. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 15. Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. In this exercise. 13. click Save to save the title block. Accept the Sample Value. click Close. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Right-click. 10. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Click Add. 12.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. you created a title block using a template file. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 11. Save the title block as A .rfa. Add a label for Sheet Number. On the Quick Access toolbar.9. Click Zoom to Fit. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 14. s Accept the Sample Value. Add a label for Checked By.

2. 5. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Settings s 125 . On the View tab. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. and then load a custom title block into your project. 3. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. click New to create a new project using the default template. In the Recent Files window. Locate your title block. The title block appears in the graphics window. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. you create a new project file.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Click Open. Insert a Title Block 1. 4. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Highlight the title block and click OK.

click Project Information. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. s For Checked By. Click OK. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Click Zoom to Fit. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter Student Project Unit 3. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 2. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. On the Manage tab. 3.Standards and Building Codes . enter your name. Settings panel. enter your instructor's name. 6. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. 4. you a created a new project file. 5. s For Drawn By. Click OK. Select the title block. Click OK.

Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. click New > Project. such as 3D and plan views. In the New Project dialog box. in addition to predefined wall types.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. In this exercise. a dimension style. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Click OK. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. and geometry from the template. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. settings. 1. 3. including how the rendered image looks. and then load them like families. select Project Template. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. angles. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Create a Template In this exercise. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. you define the title block. 2. s Families: Load in families you use most often. There are various settings you can define for your template. On the Insert tab. you create a new project file. On the application menu. and the units for your custom template. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. and slope angle. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. The completed exercise Settings s 127 .

Standards and Building Codes . create a Dimension Style. 5. On the Manage tab.4. Set the units for the template. For Name.Landscape. Click the Length field in the Format column. 8. 7. click Settings panel > Project Units. There will be no visible change. Open the title block A . Click OK twice. 9. 6. You create a custom dimension style.rfa. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Next. enter 3/16" Verdana. 10. Click OK. On the Annotate tab. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Rightclick. 12. 14. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Settings s 129 . In the Project Browser. 15. select Sheets (All). Select the A . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click New Sheet. Click OK.11. On the Properties palette.

Standards and Building Codes .rte. Save the file name as A-English template. and units that you defined. 17. In this exercise. title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. as well as dimension style and units. The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK.16. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.

and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format. or new combinations of existing materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.

What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create text. An architect b. s Create a title block. NCSESA 2. False 3. AIA b. S. NCTM d. Metric d. A. 1:32 5. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. UBC c. A. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Create a text style. True b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create labels.05 c.02 d.Standards and Building Codes . General Questions 1. P. a. a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 1:3 b. English c. s Change lineweight. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Create a template. A unit 4. s Create dimensions. s Change dimension colors.02 b. is defined as what? a. A particular physical quantity. Using AIA Standards. s Create a dimension style. dimension styles. a.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 1:24 d. you learned to: s Set units in a file. 1:12 c.

Options dialog box > Linear Units 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False 4. To set the units in a project. By default. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Point offsets 3. a. a. Application menu > Properties b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Wall midpoints d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. a. Wall faces b. False 6. dimensions snap to: a. True b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. To create a new sheet. True b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall centerlines c. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you use: a. In Revit Architecture. True b. To change the scale of a view. you click: a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 4. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 6. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 2. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.

and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. List the different types of occupancy. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . After completing this lesson.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. separate.Walls . They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. them. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. their construction and materials. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and protect its interior spaces. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. or filling in between.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . but it disappears when you begin another action. It will not print. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. 5. Clear the Chain option. 4.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. the dimension updates incrementally. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Enter 10. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Stud. an angular dimension displays. Expand the Type Selector list. indicating wall length. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Select the Single Line option. To modify a dimension. a dashed line displays.3. Walls s 151 . Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. As you continue to move the cursor. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. After you create the wall.Brick on Mtl. Click to set the endpoint. click it to open an edit field.

6. Click to start the next wall. Click the wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Depending on your zoom in the view. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . enter 7. On the View Control Bar. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. click the Detail Level icon. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 7. The wall does not show any internal detail. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Press ENTER. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Create Similar. Create panel. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Set the Detail Level to Medium. 8. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall.Walls . click Modify to stop placing walls. Select panel. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. the controls may sit on top of one another. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen.

Walls s 153 . the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Select the right vertical wall. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. notice how the wall joins at the corner.9. no matter where you move the cursor. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. an alignment line displays. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click Modify. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. release the mouse button to set a new length. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Notice that two dimensions display. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. 10. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Also. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Because you drew the wall from up to down.

12. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Right-click. Select the lower vertical wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. When using the Chain option. Repeat. 15. Click Cancel. On the Home tab. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. click Wall. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 13.Walls . Sketch the walls as shown. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 14. Build panel. 16.11. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. This is the same as clicking Modify. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper.

rvt. Click Create Similar again. Walls s 155 . Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 19. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. In this exercise. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". 20. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. After clicking the second end. Clear the Chain option. Select the Three Point Arc tool. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift.18. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 17. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.

showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. and extend walls. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Do the same for the vertical wall. you first split the walls at the intersections. To do this. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 3. Click Modify. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. fillet. This exercise illustrates how to split. Both split walls are shown below. Only part of the wall highlights. align. trim. 4. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 2. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.rvt from the previous exercise. You now remove the upper right corner. Split Walls 1.

Select any wall. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 4. Click Fillet Arc. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. If you make a mistake. Create panel. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Undo and repeat the steps. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Walls s 157 . select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Create Similar. click Delete. On the Modify | Walls tab. select Radius. 2. Modify panel. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Enter 5'. 5. You can also click the flip control. 3. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. On the Options Bar.Fillet Walls 1. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise.

select Basic Wall: Interior . 1.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3.Walls . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. You align the wall in the next steps. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Place an interior wall as shown. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 2.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. The Wall tool is still active.

Walls s 159 . s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The Wall Trim Tool 1.4. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. clear Chain. The length is not critical. such as location lines. Pull the cursor straight up. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s On the Options Bar. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Click to create a wall. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the two interior walls in turn. 2. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5.Walls . Select the horizontal wall as shown. Select the vertical wall as shown. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The walls can cross. This will extend to the border. 6. This will be the border. The length is not critical. 3.

Walls s 161 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. fillet. and trim.rvt. align.7.

1. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. and vary in cost.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. In the Project Browser. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The Modify tool is active by default.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. On the Properties palette. Select the Exterior wall as shown. satisfy different requirements.Walls . 2. click Edit Type.

4. 5. s Click Up. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. When you are finished. Add two additional layers to the wall. For Name. the wall structure should be as shown. except Core Boundary. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. To edit the structure of the wall. 8. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Click OK. 7. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. has a Function you can edit. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Select Finish 1 [4]. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Click Insert twice. Walls s 163 . enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Click Down twice. click Edit in the Structure value field. s Click the arrow at the right. Every layer of a wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. 6.

13. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.Interior Gypsum Wall Board.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.9. s Set the Material to Finishes . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. which displays plan or section views. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s Set the Material to Wood . select Finishes .Exterior . s Set the Thickness to 5/8". To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 10. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Walls . 11. 12. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Modify the Function. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Material. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Stud Layer. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.

Click Apply to update the view.14. Walls s 165 . select the view name as shown to expose its properties. expand the Families branch. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. From the Detail level list. 16. 15. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 17. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. In the Project Browser. select Medium. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette.

You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.18. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. You opened an existing file. 19. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Close the file without saving. Right-click 8" Exterior. From the Type Selector list. In this exercise. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and replaced existing walls using that new definition. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.Walls . 20. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. defined a new wall structure.

In this exercise. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The model opens in a 3D view. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. 2. Select one of the Exterior .Brick on Mtl. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. 3. You can define a wall type with these elements. for example. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.rvt. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. wood rails.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Stud walls as shown. a structural mid-section. and a decorated interior surface.

If not already expanded. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. To split a layer or region horizontally. You can split regions into other regions. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. click Edit. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You can assign different materials to regions. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 7. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. either horizontally or vertically. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. In this exercise. so all instances of this type change. When you split a layer. 8. You can set the sample height to any value. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 1. 6.4. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. 5. into regions. To define the structure of the wall. highlight one of the borders. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. As indicated in the dialog box title. or you will lose your changes. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. in the Structure value field. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project.Walls . To split a layer or region vertically. Wall structures are Type Properties. Click Split Region. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. You change the type. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet.

When you merge regions. 4. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . 1. 3. Click to merge them. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Prehighlight a border between regions. The upper split disappears. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to merge the two layers. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Click Merge Regions. 2. assign Layer 1. In this case. since both regions are composed of the same layer.3. After merge. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click to split the region into two parts. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1.Brick layer. Walls s 169 .

Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it).Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. To create a new wall layer. click Modify. Click the temporary dimension text. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. instead of down. Change the value to 12. 2. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Next. In the Edit dialog box. Click Insert. Press ENTER. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. indicating that it is modifiable. You create a new layer and assign it to a region.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 2. you assign the material Masonry Brick . s Select the split line. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. The dimension text turns blue. to the next parallel line. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 1. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 3. 1.Walls . Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Click again to return to the original position. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. If you set the split offset down from the top. 3. After a region is split.

It immediately highlights in blue. Click OK. 6. Change the Material to Masonry . 7. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Split Region. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 9. When a layer is selected in the table. It also shows a thickness value. 5. All walls of this type have been changed. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Walls s 171 . and Insert Layer tools. The preview changes appearance. because it is now the selected layer.Brick Soldier Course layer.Brick Soldier Course. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Merge Region. In this exercise. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. 10. Close the file without saving. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click Assign Layers. 8. it highlights in blue in the preview window. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. as shown. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Modify.4. Click OK.

and insulation. and protected. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. piping.Walls . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. earth. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. installed. ducting.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. the view. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes.Doors and Windows . the ventilation.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

An unobstructed opening of 5. the width can be no less than 20".Doors and Windows . if there is no other escape route.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. ft. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7 sq. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. The height can be no less than 24".

Some families are loaded into each empty file. engineering. Engineering. and copy these elements. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. how to load additional door and window families. In this unit. Technology. move. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). you learn how to place doors and windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Copy windows. and how to position. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. s Center a door in a wall.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and furniture are defined in family files.

Once a door is placed. When placing doors in a plan view. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. 3. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Add Doors 1. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. On the Home tab. click Door. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Build panel. To flip the door. In other words. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. This can be done in a plan view. or 3D view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. To reverse the swing. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. elevation view. the door swing would be to the left side. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.Doors and Windows . 2. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family.

walls.rfa. The display does not change.Load Families 1. Click Open. except for the Type Selector. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. 3. 2. and windows into project files. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Doors and Windows s 189 . on the Modify | Place Door tab. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. click Load Family. In order to keep file size small. With the Door command active. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. From the Type Selector list. Mode panel.

select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. If necessary.Doors and Windows .4. From the Type Selector. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5.

or by using the swing control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. If you place a door in the wrong location. simply click it and enter the correct value. To Doors and Windows s 191 . change a temporary dimension. Remember. Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.

Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.

Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Add Windows 1. click Window. or 3D view.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window after performing another operation. When placing windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. elevation view. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. On the Home tab. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Open Unit5_doors. the outside of the window is to the left side. From the Type Selector.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. click Modify and select the window. 2. You can place windows in a plan view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Build panel. approach the wall from the right side.

and placed windows. In this exercise. loaded a door family. 4. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.Doors and Windows . you opened an existing project. 5. Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. You do not need to add dimensions. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Window tags do not number in sequence. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.3.

Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. you open an existing project file. window. Dimension panel. click Aligned. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 2. and so on.rvt.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. 3. On the Annotate tab. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 1. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. wall. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 4. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. constrain it to be centered in a wall. and modify the wall. place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. s Align and modify walls.

the other wall will remain aligned. Click the center of the door. The door changes location. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click it and it changes as shown. 6. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 5. Click the lock icon to enable it.s s s s Click the left wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Select the upper wall first. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the right wall. 2. Align Walls 1. The walls are now aligned. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. This means that if one wall shifts. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Notice the symbol.Doors and Windows .

) The dimension value is now shown. 5. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Clear the EQ Display value.4. Dimensions display below it. 3. The walls shift and remain aligned. Doors and Windows s 197 . The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Change the dimension to 16. Right-click.

Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_aligned.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .6. you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.

Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. On the Modify | Windows tab. especially if there are many different types. Doors and Windows s 199 . Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time.rvt. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 4. 1. In this exercise. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. click Create Similar. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. 2. Create panel.

4.Doors and Windows . 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Copy Windows 1. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. click Copy. 3. 2. Select the window you just placed. On the Modify | Windows tab. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Modify panel. The window is copied. The window will change appearance.

In this exercise.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click.rvt. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. cold.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. heat. flat glass is a recent invention. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . The stability of glass in response to wind. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

30" c. s Position a door or window. 40" d. 34" 4. s Align a door or window. 32" b. False 2. General Questions 1. a. s Copy a door or window. True b. a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . Standard b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Custom 3. If a room is used for sleeping. s Place a window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 32" d. 36" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 28" b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. you learned to: s Place doors.

Click the appropriate blue arrows. c. d. To center a door or window in a wall. The center snap 7. True b. 6. you use: a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Load c. Click Door Properties. you use ________. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Click Flip Direction. b. a. 4. Click Door Properties. Insert d. a. A reference plane b. you: a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the door.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select the door. To change the swing direction of a door: a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. b. True b. Use door grips to reposition. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Select the door. Right-click. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. d. c. False 2. a. To change the location of a door or window.Doors and Windows . Copy 8. False 5. Properties 3. a. Load from Library b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. Clone b. Duplicate d. Offset c. Link c. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select the door.

s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 2. 3. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 5. 4. Review stairs and railings. s Create railings.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .

List the different stair types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. After completing this lesson. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings .

Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Engineering. Math (STEM). About Stairs and Railings s 207 . This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Technology.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Once the actual riser height is determined. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.Stairs and Railings . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. such as ice and snow. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This saves space when changing direction. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Due to building code. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".

Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Modify stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and math standards. and Language Arts. ramps. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. or vertical circulation. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. and stairs. Engineering. or tread. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. which includes elevators. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Create U-shaped stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. Math (STEM). engineering. For safety reasons. In multistory buildings. You create stairs in a plan view. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. The riser and run values update accordingly. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . U-shaped stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs.Stairs and Railings . you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Technology. You can define straight runs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. L-shaped runs with a landing. and spiral stairs. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. As you move the cursor. s Add a railing.

You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. From the courseware datasets folder. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. This file is in metric units.rvt. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Stairs and Railings s 217 . turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. 3.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create stairs using a straight run. On the Properties palette.

which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. click Stairs. Circulation panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Run is preselected. These tools are used to define your stairs.Stairs and Railings . On the Home tab. you create a straight run. Click OK to close the dialog box.4. In this case. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 5. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.

and then click to define the run of stairs. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. On the Mode panel. You can continue to move the cursor up. select Finish (green check). Stairs and Railings s 219 . Select this intersection point to start your run. 9. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. the run footprint stops expanding. If you have not fully created the run. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. As you move the cursor up. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 10. 8. Revit displays the number of risers you created. To change the run dimension. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display.6.

220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you created and placed a straight run stair. In this exercise. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. click application menu > Save As > Project. To avoid overwriting the original file. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.Stairs and Railings .11. 13. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 12. and switched to a 3D view. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.rvt.

2. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. click Align. Level 1. On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Stairs and Railings s 221 . you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The stair is not centered on the landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.rvt. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Activate view Floor Plans. Edit panel.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing.

4. Click the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can rotate your model to get a better view. The Align command remains active. from the Prefer list.Stairs and Railings . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. which is located at the center of the stairs. 5. On the Options Bar. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click the center of the wall first. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. select Wall centerlines. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. If you have a scroll mouse. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Take time to make the selections correctly.

even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . railings were created with the stairs. Select the stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. 9. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. enter Lobby Stairs. s Click OK. and Dimensions subsections. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. 8. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. In the Project Browser. Change Width to 1350.6. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Hover the cursor over the railing. Graphics. As you prehighlight them. expand Sections (Building Section). s Click Duplicate. s For Name. 7. On the Properties palette. notice that stairs and railings are separate families.

Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.10.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Cherry s s Click Modify. Select both railings. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Lobby Stair View.

The stair changes to the run sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Delete this line.12. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. click Edit Sketch. Click it to select it. Next. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. In the Type Selector. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Stairs and Railings s 225 . you change the shape of the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. The railings change. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Mode panel. 13. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. s Zoom in on the stairs. 14.

s On the Modify panel. Click to place the arc. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click the left end of the top riser.Stairs and Railings . 18. click Boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. On the Draw panel. Click Modify. 16. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.15. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 19. 17. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the second arc endpoint. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.

The left boundary will be mirrored. Click CenterEnds-Arc. 20. Stairs and Railings s 227 . On the Draw panel. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.21. First. click Riser. For the third point. Click to exit the Mirror command. Next. select the endpoint of the right boundary. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the left boundary. the arc center point.

Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.Stairs and Railings . you modified stair properties and boundaries. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. Open the {3D} view to see the results.rvt. You also modified the properties of a railing. click Finish.22. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.

2.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. The completed exercise To create a railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Therefore. Select the right side railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Click Modify. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. 3. you sketch the plan view path. In this case. you need to define a path for the railing. For simple railings. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1.rvt from the previous exercise. This is typically done in plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Stairs and Railings s 229 .

s s On the Options Bar. To set the exact distance. click Line. You do not need to add dimensions. 7.Stairs and Railings . 6. Once the railing is selected. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. The dimensions are shown as a guide. On the Draw panel. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint.4. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. edit the temporary dimension. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. 5. click Edit Path. on the Modify | Railings tab. Mode panel. Then. select Chain.

8. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. In this exercise. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Delete your lines and try again.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 9. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. you used sketch tools to create a railing.

Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.rvt from the previous exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . you create a reference plane. In this exercise. s On the Home tab. Work Plane panel. 2.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. set the Offset value to 850. the stairs appear as a U-shape. In a floor plan view. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Options Bar. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Create a Reference Plane 1.

Matte 2. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. enter Exit Stairs. Click Edit Type. Click OK twice.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. click Stairs. 3. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. To start sketching the run. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Circulation panel. 5. 6. Click OK. On the Properties palette. On the Home tab. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Pull the cursor straight up. For Name. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. 4.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. change the Width parameter to 900. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Dark Gray.

Press ENTER. 9.7. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer to the right. with none remaining to be created. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display.Stairs and Railings . 8. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. enter 1925.

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. If you get an error message. you select Continue to return the sketch. Click Finish Stairs again. Remove the additional lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. To remove the lines. On the View Control bar. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. but they are hidden behind walls. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Finish Stairs. You want to inspect your stairs. Use Hide/Isolate 1. Stairs and Railings s 235 . On the Stairs panel. 11. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen.10. 2.

change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. The exterior walls reappear. In this exercise. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the View Control Bar. The walls are now hidden. 3. On the Properties palette. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. This is a multistory stair. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. you learned to create a reference plane. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. and to create a U-shaped stair. Zoom in to see your stairs. 5.3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Reset the Display 1. Select the stairs so they highlight. 6.Stairs and Railings .rvt. Finally. 4. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 2. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.

STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. ramps. and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . smoke guards. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. this openness makes them fire hazards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Include landings as required by your local building code. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. and deliver riders without wait time.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. but they can also be highly decorative. They cost less. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices.

General Questions 1. 36" d. and all treads should be the same run. 90 degrees d. False Summary/Questions s 239 . s Create railings. 25 degrees b. 180 degrees 3. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. a. True b. you learned to: s Create stairs. a. 32" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 2. b. a. s Modify stair boundaries. 30" b. 40" 4. 45 degrees c. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. True b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

Rectangle c. a. False 6. Pick New Host b. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Attach Railing c. To create railings on stairs without railings. riser d. Home b. a. True b.Stairs and Railings . risers 3. Insert 2. that is. Align Railing d. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Circle 4. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Fasten Railing 5. Modify c. You can apply materials to different stair components. risers b. Manage d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Treads. riser lines c. risers and treads. a. a. True b. Boundary lines. Line b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. you use the _______ option. Run. Railings. Arc d. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing.

Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 6. (Student) 8. (Student) 11. s Place fascia. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 10. (Student) 5. s Define a roof structure. Review of roof types. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 9. s Place gutters.

gutters. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. roof types. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. Identify the different roof types. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. It addresses roof construction. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. run. and downspouts.Roofs . tiles. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Calculate the rise. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. After completing this lesson. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and pitch of a sloped roof.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs.

Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. About Roofs s 243 . s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. technology. and math standards. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and Language Arts. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

the roofing pattern. are designed for shedding water and snow. and color. texture. maintenance. and colors. and sun. You can use them for many different applications. the roofing pattern. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resistance to wind and fire. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. texture. fire-resistant.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. brands. and sunlight. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. They come in several types. durability. and if visible. These are used more often on upscale homes. Sloped roofs. rot. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. resistance to wind and fire. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and color. both low and steep. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. durability. snow. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and low maintenance roofing material. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. maintenance. and if visible. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. resulting in at least one textured face. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. About Roofs s 245 .

s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. galvanized steel. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. odor. fiberglass. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. quality. When choosing the insulation for your job. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. and require little maintenance. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and so forth). treatment for insects. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. This same roof on a clear. galvanized steel. reinforced plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. They are fire-resistant. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. choose a type that will suit your needs.Roofs . s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. Unfortunately.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. or corrugated structural glass. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. zinc alloy. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. durable. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. Therefore. consider such factors as cost. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. special characteristics (for example. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly.

and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs . eave flashing.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams. purlins.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. These are commonly used in French-style houses. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12. run. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 .

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof.Roofs . 7 and 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 to 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 on 12.

You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. or eaves. water. s Create a hip roof. s Place gutters. soffits. s Create various roof types. Roofs s 255 . you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or roof overhangs. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. To create a roof by the extrusion method. snow. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or ice. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you can add gutters. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. To create a roof by face. often supporting a gutter. s Assign roof structure and materials. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Create a roof fascia. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. that convey rainwater to drains. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. dormers.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Once you create a roof. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. and fascia.

Roofs . and math standards. This lesson relates to science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . engineering. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

2..rvt. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. you create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. 4. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. To create an extruded roof. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Click OK to continue. select the Name option. Open ADA_Roofs. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 3.

enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. Before sketching the roof's profile. 6. In the Go To View dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. The section view should display as shown. s Use the image below for guidance. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. click Ref Plane. 2. click Line. In the Place Reference Plane context tab.Roofs . On the Work Plane panel. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. select Section: Section 1. Drawing Reference Planes 1.5. Draw panel. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 4. Click Open View. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0".

Roofs s 259 . To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using a positive offset value. s Select the new dimension. Using the image below for guidance. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click Modify. s Click the EQ toggle.6. 5.

for Name. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Horizontal. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click Modify. 4. 5. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. click Chain. On the Properties palette. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. The name displays when you select the reference plane. click Line. On the Mode panel. 7. click Finish (green check).Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes.Roofs . 2. 1. 3. Right-click. Click OK. you can label them. s On the Options Bar. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 6. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.

8. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 .12" type. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view.

click Join/Unjoin Roof. This is a two-step process. On the Modify tab. carefully select the far right roof edge.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 1. 3. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.Roofs . Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Using the images for guidance. Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 2.

the vertical walls extrude through the roof. This will join the wall tops to the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. In the Project Browser.4. 2. open the view Sections: Section 1. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. However. Trim Walls 1. To select both walls together. On the Modify Wall panel. Roofs s 263 . Select the roof. 3. On the Options Bar. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. select Attach Wall: Top. Select both walls.

Roofs .rvt.4. In this exercise. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 5. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.

so you look straight down as in a plan. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The footprint sketch is created at 2. 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. a dialog box is displayed. Click Yes.rvt. On the Home tab. 1. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . In this exercise. Build panel.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. Unit7_first_roof. Because you are in a 3D view. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. 4. from existing walls. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. by Footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. From the drop-down list. select Garage Roof.

Roofs . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. select the vertical wall on the left.0". Use the image below for guidance. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. click Defines Slope. 8. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. s On Options Bar. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. If you place a line on the wrong side. clear the Defines slope option. 6. click Pick Walls. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.5. Next.

In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click Modify. change the value to 6"/12". When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. 1. It becomes an editable field. click Finish. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. By default. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Change this value to 6"/12". Roofs s 267 . 2. Select the left slope defining line. Other controls also display. Click the 9"/12" text. When a roof line is set to slope defining. To complete the roof. That value displays next to the slope arrow. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Yes. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. The new roof displays. 3. Select the right side roof line. defining lines separately.

5. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.4. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. 2. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. set the overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click to select them. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On Home tab. Build panel. On the Options Bar. 3. The file opens to a 3D view. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.rvt. To chain-select all of the walls. Clear Defines Slope. When all of the walls prehighlight.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Roofs s 269 . Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.

click Rectangle. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 3. Right-click. On the Draw panel. 2. Using the image for guidance. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . As an alternate. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area.Create a Roof Opening 1. 4. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.

As in the previous exercise. select Defines Slope.Add Slope Lines 1. 5. Click Modify. 4. click Yes. 6. select the Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. 2. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. horizontal line. Roofs s 271 . the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Click Finish. On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. The slope indicator displays. Select the left lower horizontal line. 3.

and chimney penetration. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.7.Roofs . In this exercise. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8. attached walls.rvt.

Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. you create a hip roof.0". On the Options Bar. Roofs s 273 . Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Select the three walls shown in the image. Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The completed exercise On the Home tab. 3. Create the Roof 1.rvt. Zoom into the area shown. set Overhang to 2' . The file should open to a 3D view. 5. 2. Select Defines Slope. 4. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.

Switch to a 3D View. Click OK. To close the roof sketch.Roofs . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.7. s On the Draw panel. Raise the Roof 1. In addition.0". sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click Finish to complete the roof. 3. On the Properties palette. Right-click the ViewCube. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. you use the Line tool. click Line. 6.

Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 . click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a hip roof using a footprint. In this exercise. and then joined it to a wall.rvt.Roofs .2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

Clear Defines Slope.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. click Line. Create a Shed Roof 1. 5. Roofs s 277 . The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 2. 7. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method.rvt. The file should open to a 3D view. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 6. click Pick Walls. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 3. On the Draw panel.

On the Properties palette.8. 12. Click Modify. Select the lower. 9. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 10. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Right-click the line. 13. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Set the Offset to 0' 0". 11. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch.

18. click Yes. In this exercise. Finish the Roof. 17. Roofs s 279 . Save as Unit7_shed_roof.14. 16. 15. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.rvt. Switch to a 3D view. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.

select Level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 5. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Select the Roof. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the Properties palette. The roof updates. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1.Roofs . Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Cutoff Level list. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.rvt. 2. 4. 3. Activate the view North Elevation. Open the Default 3D view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . You see four levels defined in the model. On the menu bar.

On the Home tab. On the Draw panel. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 12. 7. Zoom and spin to see your model. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.rvt. Switch to a 3D View.6. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. on the Properties palette. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. In this exercise. 10. On the Options Bar. 11. 13. select Defines Slope. click Pick Lines. set the slope value to 3"/12". Finish the Roof. 8. 9. To set the slope for the new roof. Roofs s 281 .

Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs . thereby reducing energy consumption. 1. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. In the Type Selector. Select the main roof over the house. 3.rvt. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. The file should open to a 3D view.

5. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Duplicate. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Select Layer 2 as shown. It is a generic roof type. For Structure Value. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. click Edit Type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Select the roof over the garage. Click Insert to add a layer. 2.Define a Roof Structure 1. click Edit. 3. 4. enter Clay Tile. Roofs s 283 . s Click OK.

284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click OK twice. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". select Model. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 7. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 6.rvt.s s s In the Materials dialog box. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".Roofs . In this exercise. s Click OK. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 8. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

In this exercise. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 2. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. On the Home tab.rvt. Roofs s 285 . click Load From Library panel > Load Family. or for decoration. to support a gutter. On the Insert tab. Click Open. click Roof > Fascia.rfa. In the Open dialog box. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 4. 3.

5. Set the Material value to Metal . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Matte. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click Duplicate.Paint Finish Ivory. Click OK. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. for Profile. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. 6. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Roofs .

In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia. 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 .rvt.

select Metal Aluminum. Under Material parameter. 6. select Gutter . enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. The completed exercise 4. For Name. Place Gutters In this exercise. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. s Click Duplicate.Roofs . Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 5. Click OK. under Profile parameter. On the Home tab. 2. 3. click Roof > Gutter. click Edit Type. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Bevel: 5" x 5". 1. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt. you add gutters to a building. In the Type Properties dialog box.

8. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. the gutter displays on the wrong side.rvt. Roofs s 289 . Segments will clean up at corners. 11. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.7. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 10. In this exercise. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. If you click the interior face. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. you attached gutters to a roof. 9.

heat. water. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s Using your own house.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 2.Roofs . General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. When referring to roof slope. s Define a roof structure. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Medium c. s Place gutters. Gable b. Shed 4. a. a. Hip c. True b. High d. Low b. Gambrel d. None of the above 3. True b. the run is always 12. s Place fascia.

pick d. a. True b. a. Sketch. Add Slope b. Footprint b. TAB b. Face 3. place a check mark next to: a. Change the direction of the slope. Cut/Lengthen c. ______ or _______. Footprint. Sketch c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. face b. a. To add a slope to a roofline. a. 10. Footprint. False Summary/Questions s 293 . a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Extrusion d. Trim/Extend b. d. a. Slope c. profile 2. Walls. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Create Slope d. extrusion. you use: a. Walls d. A compound roof contains layers. ENTER 4. Turn slopes on or off. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. False 5. Defines Slope c. Footprint b. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Expand/Contract 6. Create an opening. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Roofs can be created using ______. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Change the direction of the roof. Material 8. b. lines c. True b. True b. SHIFT c. sketch. extrusion. Activate Slope 9.Revit Architecture Questions 1. DEL d. a. profile. c. False 7.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create a section view. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create material annotations. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.

Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. and special equipment. the location of special equipment. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. After completing this lesson.Sections and Elevations . you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. cabinetry. bathrooms. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. In a commercial structure. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Sections are used to examine the roof. and tool racks. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. the kitchen. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. floor. In a residential building.

Engineering. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. and Language Arts. and math standards. Math (STEM). Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.

across its narrower dimension. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. on the long axis of the building. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and are properly cross-referenced. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and foundation plans.Sections and Elevations . framing. t Cross or transverse sections. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor.

Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. such as framing connections and foundation details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. unnecessary. partial. full.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s The position relationship between different elements. For larger elevations. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. such as doors and windows. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 303 . the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. this is reversed. The size of the object is listed first. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. people. For example. or methods of installation. For siding." Mfr. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. South. quantity. the titles assigned (North. however. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. cars. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Therefore. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. With interior elevations.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. East. You may. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. For a wood structure. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. and so forth. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. shadows. and then the name of the material. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Unnecessary Information Shades. bushes. followed by any additional information about spacing. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces.

The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. shelf arrangements. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights.Sections and Elevations . doors. and materials used. doors and direction of door swings. or decorative patterns. flush overlay. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. windows. which is a formed pressboard. tile. and special equipment such as toilets. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. and types of finish materials used.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". or a baseboard. This is more costly than regular overlay. and other appliances. It can also be used around doorways and windows. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. dishwashers. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Hinges are concealed. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. and lip. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. coving. Molding is usually made of plaster. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. The trim is usually glued into place. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . It may have curves. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. other openings. or linoleum) and the wall. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. This is usually done using a topset. or MDF. casements. chamfers. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". wood.

which you can then add to a sheet. s Place a section view on a sheet. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the section view in the model. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Change the section head. s Create an interior elevation. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Add slope annotations. and a section symbol on all plans. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 .

Math (STEM). 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Once created.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. and math standards. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. engineering. like an elevation. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces.Sections and Elevations . You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Technology. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. A section is a horizontal view. and Language Arts. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

the section symbol does not display in that plan view. For example. or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. Sections and Elevations s 307 .Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. elevation.

By resizing the crop region.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. it includes a crop region to resize the view.Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. When you create a section view.

In the example shown. such as anchor bolts and siding. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Slope is also referred to as pitch. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Add structural details. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. So. s Add detail notes. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. which is spoken as 2 in 12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Details are crucial for effective construction. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . In a set of construction documents. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add breaklines as needed. Once you create the detail section.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations .

Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 2. 4. The Section command is available from the View tab. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Create a Section View 1. 3.rvt. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. On the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Create panel. The file opens to a 3D view. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. click Section. Open the file ADA_Sections. The completed exercise 6.

The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. and it has control grips to resize it.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. Section Properties 1. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. With the section line selected. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 2. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. On the Properties palette. The actual location is not critical. This is called the crop region. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. 3. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.

The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The view is listed in your Project Browser. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 6. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.rvt. When you drew the section line. The section view updates. you automatically created a section view. In the Properties palette. In this exercise. Clear Crop Region Visible. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 8. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Save the file as Unit8_section1. 5. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 7.4.

3. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Click OK. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7.rvt. Settings panel. Section Head . On the Manage tab.No Arrow. In the Type Properties dialog box. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. The view does not change.1 point Filled. Click Open to load the family. 5. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.rfa. click Load Family.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 6. They include Section Head . you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. On the Insert tab. For Name. click Duplicate. Load from Library panel. Select Section Head-Open. Several section head families are available.Filled. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 2. and Section Head . enter Open Arrow.

you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 12. enter Open Arrow. Click Duplicate. For Name. 11.8. select Open Arrow. Save as Unit8_section_open.Open. select Section Head . In the Section Tag field. 14.rvt. 9. Click OK. click Edit Type. Select the section line. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. For Section Head. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 13. Click OK. The section head updates to the new head type. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 10.

To reposition the callout head. On the Options Bar. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. select the border of the callout. This is a building section.rvt. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Create panel. On the View tab. 4. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 5. 3. Use the image below for guidance. 2. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 6. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Sections and Elevations .Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. click Callout.

Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. 1. On the Draw panel. 3. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 2. On the Options Bar.rvt. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 4. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. On the Properties palette. but not strongly. On the Annotate tab.7. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. region patterns. detail components. Detail panel. as shown. Line is selected automatically. You can add detail lines. select Chain. 8. click Region > Filled Region. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly.

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. For Name. Click OK. 7. Click Modify.5. Select the upper and right side lines. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. enter Earth. 6.

select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. 3. Click OK. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 1. From the Fill Pattern list. click Load Family. the pattern becomes visible. 2. Sections and Elevations s 319 . click Component > Detail Component. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. On the Mode panel. select Finish (green check).rfa. 9.8. Detail panel. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Place Detail Component tab. On the Annotate tab. Click Open. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. If you zoom in closer. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel.Section.

Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type Selector. 5.4. Click OK. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.Sections and Elevations . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. In the Specify Types dialog box. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

Using the image below for guidance. 8.6. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 7. From the Type Selector list. Sections and Elevations s 321 . From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. Add another Detail Component. select Plywood.

9. This component represents the subflooring. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.Sections and Elevations . at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 11. Click Modify. Select the vertical plywood. 12. Use the image below for guidance. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. set the Thickness to 3/4". Click Component > Detail Component. select anchor bolt. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. On the Properties palette. 10. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the component similarly to the image below. The exact vertical placement is not critical. From the Type Selector.

select Multiple. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector.13. select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Use the image below for guidance. 14. Add another Detail Component. select Lap Siding. Sections and Elevations s 323 . On the Options Bar. Click Modify. On the Modify panel of the context tab.

Detail panel. click Detail Line. select Wide Lines. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Start at the end of the siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. On the Annotate tab. From the Line Style Selector. 16. 2. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . Add Detail Lines 1.15.

5. Still using Wide Lines. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.3. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Zoom out. 4.

Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click Modify. Right-click. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Edit in the Structure field. Select the wall so it highlights. 9. Next. 7. 2. 10. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .6. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. The wall display updates. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 8. you show the gypsum board in the wall. identified as Wall material 1. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Add Insulation 1.Sections and Elevations . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. select the Material field in row 3. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click Insulation. Save the file. Detail panel. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab.

From the Type Selector.2. Your view should resemble the image shown. 1. On the Annotate tab. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Detail panel. 3. click Component > Detail Component. select Break Line. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.

Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Place the breakline as shown. In this exercise.4. 6. You place another breakline. 7. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. To complete the detail. The view should resemble the image shown. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. and detail components to it. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view.Sections and Elevations . The Detail Component tool is still active. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. detail lines. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

1. The size of the object is listed first. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The border around the view will disappear.rvt. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. and ventilation methods in construction documents. s Clear Annotation Crop. 2. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 3. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. weatherproofing. With nothing selected in the view. or methods of installation. To add notes. quantity.

leader arrow as shown. From the Type list. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 10. 6. R13. 12. Move the pointer up 11. 8. Finally. Text panel. 5. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. On the Format panel. On the Annotate tab. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. As you pull your cursor to the right.4.4" WEATHERING. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 9. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. insulation. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.Sections and Elevations . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 7. click Text. click Two Segments.

Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.13. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.C. .C. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 20. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. as the second line of text. Enter 5/8" GWB .. 16. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 18. or wood treated with preservative against rot. 17. Sections and Elevations s 331 .C. O. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. CONT is short for Continuous.. is an acronym for On Center. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 19. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the baseboard. 14. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.TYPE X. 15. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.C. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.

23. Click ENTER to start a second line.. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.rvt. Click Modify.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.Sections and Elevations . Note: CONC signifies concrete. 21. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. In this exercise.

In the Project Browser. highlight Sheets. In this exercise. Click Open. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 6.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Locate the A-Landscape. 4. section. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. 2. click Load. Sections and Elevations s 333 . you will want to add the views to a sheet. Click New Sheet. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. and locate the detail view on it. Highlight your title block.rvt. 3. Right-click. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click OK to exit the dialog box. The new sheet becomes the current view. 5. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. or elevation view.

9. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 8. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. click Show Crop Region.7. Click the control at its left end. On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right. Select a Level Line. click Hide Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . Both Level ends will move together. close to the crop border. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

12. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. you: s Created a new sheet. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 13. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. Right-click. For Number. For Name. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Rename.301.10.rvt. enter S. Click OK. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. 11. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. highlight the new sheet.

Select Elevations. Open ADA_Elevations. When you create a project with a template. and west. Click OK. 2. 2. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. The elevation markers are now visible. east. s Set the display for building components as needed. s Add slope indication for roof. Right-click. It is defined by the green dotted line. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 3. 6. Click the Annotations tab. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 5. four elevation views are included: north. south. s Add any necessary dimensions. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add material notes. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).Sections and Elevations . 4.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder.

Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Annotations tab. clear Planting. Next. clear Sections. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view.2. 5. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. On the View Control Bar. Sections and Elevations s 337 . 3. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Modelling tab. 4.

11. In this exercise. In Surface Pattern. It will be identified as Condo . 13. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 8.Exterior Stucco. Select Sand. and modified the wall display characteristics. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Edit in the Structure field. modified its display. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.rvt.7. you activated an elevation view. 9. 10. click to open the list. click Edit Type. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.Sections and Elevations . Click Zoom to Fit. 12. Select the Material field for Layer 1. On the Properties palette. In the Type Properties dialog box. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. Select the wall. Click the button that displays to select a material.

set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Add a note for the foundation. 2. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Enter TX. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 4. Add a note for the stone wall. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 3. quantity. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. The size of the object is listed first.rvt.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. In the Type Selector. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 5. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. or methods of installation.

rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations .6. Add a note for the roof. 7. Add a note for the brick wall. In this exercise. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. 9.

Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 6. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. click Spot Slope. On the Options Bar. 1. 3. 2. select Triangle.rvt. Click again to locate the slope indicator.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. enter 1/8". from the Slope Representation list. 4. Click to select the roof line. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Dimension panel. On the Annotate tab. For Offset from Reference. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 5.

click Aligned. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. Click to locate the slope indicator. 10. 11. 9. Dimension panel. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click to select the roof line.Sections and Elevations . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.7.

12. Arrange notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.rvt. 13. and vertical dimensions. leaders. To create a continuous dimension as shown. The west elevation now contains material notes. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. and dimensions for clarity. 14. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 343 . select wall breaks and levels. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. slope indicators. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.

Sections and Elevations .rvt. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. dimensions. 3. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. and cabinetry.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Right-click. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. This view was already defined in the drawing. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. equipment rooms. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Highlight the view. kitchens. special closets. Click Find Referring Views. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. In the Project Browser. 2. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Click Open View. In this exercise.

In the Name box.4. s s s s Click Duplicate. Right-click. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Dimension panel. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 7. 5. Clear Use Project Settings. On the Annotate tab. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 6. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Sections and Elevations s 345 . click Aligned. click OK.

you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. In this exercise. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. detail the interior section. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.rvt. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools.9.

is always the true orientation. True b. 4. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The direction the structure is facing. Not in Contract c. a. d. s Create a section view. such as north. it depends. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Not in Concrete b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. b. Nobody in Charge d. s Create filled regions. c. c. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Indicate the location of doors and windows.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Either one. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. All of the above 5. False 3. Show the relationships between elements. 2. Walls c. s Create material annotations. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. b. All of the above. Cabinetry d. The direction the viewer is facing. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create slope annotations. The orientation of the exterior elevation. General Questions 1.

The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. South d. The height of the view. 4. you use: a. Element properties c. North 3. False 2. a. East b. The dotted line indicates: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The Visual Style of the view. click Sheet Composition > View. d. b and c. c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 5. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The detail level of the view. True b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. d.Sections and Elevations . Click Add View. b. The boundaries of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Sun and Shadow b. but not a 6. Which elevation is it? a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. True b. On the View tab. Right-click. c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. West c. a.

s Load a schedule tag. s Reformat a schedule. 2.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Schedules. 4. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 3. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. After completing this lesson.

and thickness. engineering. Technology. technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and math standards. height. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Some of these building objects include. This lesson relates to science. width.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Engineering. such as reference number. About Schedules s 351 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan.

However.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. There are different types of schedule tables. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.Schedules . depending on the style of the architectural firm. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the same primary information is included. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

Other letters are P for plumbing. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Using the software. and A for appliances. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To clarify the reading of the floor plan. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Like schedules. hexagon.Schedules . A circle. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. However. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. E for electrical. The following image shows door. window.

Math (STEM). technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules s 355 . Project templates include preset schedules. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Add room tags. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. materials. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. engineering. s Export a schedule. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. s Create a room schedule. rooms. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. hardware. windows. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Technology. equipment. and Language Arts. and you can create your own schedules. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals.rvt. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Schedules .

Schedules s 357 . Height. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Select Windows from the list. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. On the View tab.s Window Tag 5. 4. and Width. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Type Mark. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 6. Add Count. Level. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. In Available Fields. select Comments. 3. 7. Click Add.

Click OK to finish the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.Schedules . 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . from left to right. 9. Select the fields.8. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

Select Blank Line. but without any useful calculations yet. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. 3. select Type Mark. From the Sort By list. Schedules s 359 . click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 1. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view.

In the lower left corner of the dialog box.Schedules . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. in the Then By sorting field. 2. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. In the Project Browser. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Rather than make a manual calculation. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. clear Itemize Every Instance. On the Properties palette. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Notice how the schedule has changed. click the schedule name. 3. in this case). you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. select Level. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 1. 4. for Sorting/ Grouping. you can have the schedule report this.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. click Edit.

6. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. for Sorting/ Grouping. and Totals. In this exercise. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Count. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.5. select Title. Schedules s 361 .rvt. select Footer. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. click Edit 7. The totals for each window type now display. On the Properties palette. From the list. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.

In this exercise. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. On the Home tab. based on the amount of space in each room. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.rvt. Click Open. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. click Room > Room. ceiling type. Room & Area panel. 4. 2. Locate the file named Room Tag. floor type.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 5. Room size. occupancy. 3.Schedules . you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.

Room & Area panel. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. click Room > Room Separation Line.In the Type Selector. 7. Schedules s 363 . 6. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. and in the hall as shown. 8. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. a total of 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab.

s Change the word Room to Manager. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 12. 13.Schedules . 11. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Select Room #2. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click the Room text. Click Modify. On the Room & Area panel. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 10. The area value for Room 7 updates. The room tag updates.9. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. click Room.

s Added a room separation. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. enter Sales. s Changed room tag field values. Schedules s 365 . you: s Loaded a room tag. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. In this exercise. for Name.rvt.14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects. 15. On the Properties palette.

click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Create a Room Schedule 1. Create panel. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . For Name. and Area to be included in your schedule. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Click OK. 6. Click Add--> after each selection. enter Square Footage Report. 4. select Number. On the View tab. 2. Set the Sort By value to Number. Name. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 3.rvt. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. In the Available Fields pane. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Schedules . The completed exercise 5. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.

Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Click the Formatting tab. s Click Field Format. 10. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Highlight the Number field. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Select Calculate Totals. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Area field. s Set Units to Square Feet. 9. clear Use Project Settings. In the Format dialog box.7. s Set Alignment to Right. Select Grand Totals. 8. Click OK. Change the Heading to No.

Click OK to exit the dialog box.11. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Totaled one of the columns.rvt. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.Schedules . 12. you: s Created a room schedule. In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.

Click Save. Browse to a directory to save your report. 6.rvt. You can then use this file in other applications. 4. On the application menu. Schedules s 369 . Using your Windows Explorer.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Note the formatting that has been applied. 5. Double-click it to open it. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. The file is created. locate the file you created. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Click OK. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 2. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.txt) file. 3. you export the room schedule to a text file.

In this exercise. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 8. Close the text file.Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Load a schedule tag. Quantity c. True b. s Reformat a schedule. a. False 4. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. None of the above. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A list of information that defines specific building objects. d. What is a schedule table? a. a. Type b. Questions 1. 2. A list of sheets used in a project. b. True b. s Export a schedule. c. Matrix d. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. s Place a schedule tag. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Instance 3.

Schedules . use the ____ . Modify 2. Application menu d. Annotate b. To export a schedule. a. Annotate tab b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. CSV d. XLS c. View tab c. TXT b. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.Revit Architecture Questions 1. View c. Manage tab 3. Home d.

Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Review Visualization. 4. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 2. Lesson Plan 1.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .

you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. After completing this lesson. s Orient walls and windows. Math (STEM). s Apply shading to a view. Engineering.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. or camera on a path. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Finally. s Assign materials. The animation file can be played in any media player. and Language Arts. s Add planting components. s Export a DWG file. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Visualization . you create a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Export an FBX file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Place a camera. s Create a raytrace rendering. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Play a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough.

s s 2. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1.rvt. You worked on animations. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Click Zoom to Fit. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Assign materials. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Open Unit2_custom_family. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. courseware datasets. s Make a camera view the active view.

Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Select one of the exterior walls. 5. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 6.3. If you do not see any change in the wall display.Visualization . The walls now display layers of materials. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The wall display updates. Right-click. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Select any exterior wall. Stud. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4.

Open the Default 3D view. Select the toposurface object. Select walls. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Repeat the process for the windows. Click OK. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. 8. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Click Change wall's orientation. Right-click. Select Site: Grass.7. On the Properties palette. In addition to using the control arrows. 10. you can: s s s 9. Visualization s 377 .

On the application menu. Select the file name. 2. Note the file location.FBX). 12. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.Visualization . Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Depending on your system resources. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 3. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. Open 3ds Max Design. and click Open. This will filter the file list.rvt. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Select the Roof. Export the Model to FBX 1. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. click Import > Import. for Files of type. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you have completed this exercise. On the application menu. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .11. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Save the file as Unit10_Export.

you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 3. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Visualization s 379 . Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. If necessary. On the application menu. Export the Model to DWG 1. you have completed this exercise. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Close the file without saving. Note the file location.4. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. open Unit10_Export. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 2. Depending on your system resources. click Next. Open or return to Revit. There is no way to update it from Revit.rvt.

If necessary. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. Click Open. 8. 7. In the File Link Manager . 6.max. Select the file name. Close the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.rvt.4. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. click Attach This File. click References > File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export. 5. click File. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 9.Visualization . Select two windows as shown.

click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. In the dialog box. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the file.10. The windows have updated. 11. Visualization s 381 . 12. On the application menu. Open the 3D view. 13. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the export file using the same name as before.

Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. Open the Files tab. The windows have changed. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.Visualization . The linked file updates. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Close the File Link Manager. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. 15. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. In this exercise. s Click Reload. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Changed a material definition. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.14. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.

In this exercise. click Camera. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Create panel. and create a second rendering. 3. On the View tab. Open Unit10_Export. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Visualization s 383 . you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Open the Site view. add plantings to the model. you place a camera in a model. change materials. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. If you place the camera too close to the model. generate a rendering. as shown.rvt. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Place a Camera 1. 2.

Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. The camera will be visible.4. click Show Rendering Dialog. Click Show Camera. Render Setup 1. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Open the Site view again. Return to the perspective view. select Very Few Clouds. If necessary. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera perspective view opens. 7. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly.Visualization . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 6. Right-click. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 2. On the View Control Bar. 5.

s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. click Site Component. Enhance the Model 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. Visualization s 385 . On the Massing & Site tab. and Lighting.30' approximately as shown. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. s Click Render. Output Settings.3. Model Site panel. Open the Site view. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . 2. Open view 3D View 1. Click Render. 3.

In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The model displays in the view. 2.Visualization . Select the roof. On the Properties palette. select Roofing . click Edit Type. 5. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 4. Revit places the image in its own view. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field.4. click Save to Project. Change Materials 1. click Show the Model. In the Save to Project dialog box.Wood Shake. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 3. In the Materials list. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Rendering dialog box. and you can now select elements for editing. Select an exterior wall. On the Properties palette. click OK. 6.

Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click Edit in the Structure field. 7. 8. Visualization s 387 . Click the Render Appearance tab.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.10. 9.

s Generated and captured a second render image. Click OK. 16. s Edited materials in model components. s Generated and captured a render image.Brick Uniform Running Brown. In the Rendering dialog box. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 13. The new image is placed in its own view. 12.rvt. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box.11. In this exercise. s Placed site planting components in the model. 15. click Render. In the Rendering dialog box. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Save the file as Unit10_render. 14. click Save to Project. Select Masonry . s Created a raytrace setup.Visualization .

2.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The cursor changes to a crosshair. In this exercise. s On the View tab. Open floor plan view Level 1. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Click Zoom to Fit. click to the left of the model as shown. To place a key frame. s Right-click again. s Edit the camera and path. or frame. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Open Unit10_render. 4. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 389 . s View the animation in a media player. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. or walkthroughs. Each view. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s Right-click. Create panel. in a project model. 3. rendered. click 3d View > Walkthrough. The camera and path can be edited.rvt. Click Zoom Out (2x). and exported individually.

9. The camera is located on the final key frame. Walkthrough panel. so that the camera is pointing at the model. click Finish Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. Select the direction control for the camera. 11. 7. 8. Repeat for all the key frames. The Options Bar changes. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 10. click Edit Walkthrough. 6. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. On the Modify | Cameras tab.Visualization . Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab.5. Walkthrough panel. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown.

13.12. 3. On the Walkthrough panel. If camera positions distort. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 391 . From the Controls list. click Next Key Frame. Check the view in several key frames. Drag the path away from the model as shown. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Open. Click Edit Walkthrough. 2. select Path. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position.

In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.rvt. On the application menu. In the Video Compression dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. notice where you save the file. click OK. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Save. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 4. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 3. select a video compression method to hold down file size. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 2.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click Play. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 2. In the Length/Format dialog box. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Export the Walkthrough 1. File Name.Visualization . Click OK.

Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. It plays in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. such as shaded or rendering. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Visualization s 393 . Double-click the new file name. 6.

7.Visualization . s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Edited the path. In this exercise. save the Revit Architecture file. If you have made changes to the building model.

False 2. s Apply shading to a view. False Summary/Questions s 395 . View > Shading d. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. Questions 1. s Orient walls and windows. Split b. a. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you use: a. s Create a raytrace rendering. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Export a DWG file. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. True b. you use: a. s Export an FBX file. Flip Orientation d. Save As > FBX c. s Play a walkthrough. Print to File b. s Assign materials. Demolish 2. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Export > FBX 3. s Place a camera. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. True b. Align c.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

The Datum panel enables you to place grids. beam systems. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. foundations. and braces. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. Lesson Plan 1. 2. Review structural columns. you learn how to place structural columns. 4. beams.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 6. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. beams and braces. (Student) Evaluate Students. In the following exercises.

Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. beams. and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural .

About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Knowing where structural members. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other building objects.Structural . especially columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. After completing this lesson. Engineering. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Structural s 401 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Place columns and beams on grids. Place beam systems and braces. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. and Language Arts. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Create column grids.

1. Structural columns can be steel. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .Hide Category. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. On the Build panel of the Home tab. In this exercise. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. wood.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. click Column > Structural Column. beams can be steel. Beams connect columns or walls. spans without walls. On the View Control Bar. Open Deck Framing. 3. often mainly glass. wood.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. or concrete. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. Select a floor. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. 2. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. They come in types defined by size and shape. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. this is known as post and beam construction. As with columns. or reinforced concrete. In residential construction.

5. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 8. 7. click Depth. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool.4. On the View Control Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 3A. In the Type Selector. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". and 4B. On the Options Bar. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Structural s 403 . 6. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up.

double-click view Framing Cutaway. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 11. Click Hide In View > Element. rail. 2. Click OK.Structural . and columns clearly.9. 10. In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Right-click. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Place Beams 1. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". The columns are now hidden by the floors.

On the Options Bar. 4. s In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Click. select Chain. On the Structure tab.3. To place beams: Structural s 405 . Structure panel. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. click Beam. 5. In the Type Selector.

Click. Click.Structural .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6. Click Modify. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. On the Properties palette. 7. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Structure panel. click Beam. 12. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. On the Properties palette.8. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structural s 407 . If a Warning dialog box that opens. Click OK. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click on grid intersection B4. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 9. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. 11. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click Modify. In this exercise. click Make Wall Bearing.rvt. as shown. Click.

3. click Pick Supports. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 4.Structural . A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. 2. click Beam System. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt. Open Deck Beams. Click the beam on Grid 1. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click No. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Open Plan View Deck Framing. or number of beams in a bay. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Structure panel. distance. Place Beam Systems 1. The completed exercise 5. you: s Place beam systems. On the Structure tab. s Place braces. click Sketch Beam System.

On the Draw panel.6. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall. 7. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. as shown. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.

click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. s s s On the Draw panel. 11. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.Structural . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.8. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s 9. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . On the Properties palette.2". Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. click Create Similar. On the Mode panel. s s On the Draw panel. 10. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click the beam on Grid 2. click Pick Supports. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Trim as necessary. set Elevation to -0'-9". click Line.6". Click Finish.

On the Structure tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Create panel. 2. 4. 3. 5. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Click to place the elevation.Place Braces 1. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. It has an automatic work plane. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. as shown. click Brace. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Structural s 411 . Structure panel. On the View tab. unlike regular elevations.

Click Modify. 7.6. Repeat the brace going right to left. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. In the Type Selector.Structural . 9. to start the brace. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. 8.

10. s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. Structural s 413 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. In this exercise.rvt. 11.

The exact location is not critical. s s In the view window. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. but they can also be angular and radial. This is a common step early in designing a large building. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. click Grid.Structural . s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. 2. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. The numbering automatically increments. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. and section views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click in the lower left to start a grid line. In this exercise. as shown. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Pull the cursor straight up. and walls. Grid datasets. In plan views. The exact length is not critical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. elevation. Datum panel. You can change a grid number at any time. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. beams. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical.

Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place a new grid line. 4. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 . Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".3.

Pull the cursor to the right. click Copy. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 6. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Click to start a grid line. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Press ENTER. Enter A at the keyboard. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Press ENTER.Structural . click to place the grid line. s Select Grid Line 2. Grid 3 is already the selection set. The new grid line will be number 3. Pull the cursor to the left. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab.5. 7. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. close to the heads. The new grid line is number 5. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Repeat to create grid line 4. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point.

s Select grid 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. The Grid tool is still active. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. 10. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. 11. 9. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Change the number to 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Click Copy. click the elbow control to place an offset. This grid line will be number B.1 is still selected.1.8. s Click to place the grid line. On the grid line. This completes the main grid. Structural s 417 . Grid 2.

On the Draw panel. On the Home tab. 4.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. In the Radius field. Click in the new grid bubble. Click to place the grid head.Structural . The Grid tool is still active. click Pick. 3. On the Draw panel. enter 15. On the Options Bar. s Click to start the grid line. click Grid. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Create panel. Change the number to EE. Zoom to Fit. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Press ENTER. s s Click grid intersection D3. select Center-Ends Arc.000 o . On the Options Bar. click Radius. set Offset to 15'-0". 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click to place grid FF. Structural s 419 . Click the control grip at the end of the grid line.5. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. 6. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. You will need to identify it easily. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. 7. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Structural . Enter 31 to change the name.8. s Click grid intersection D3.000. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9. Click to place the grid line. 11. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s In this exercise. Zoom to Fit. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Press ENTER. click Create Similar. Revit will create grid 32. Click in the new grid bubble.rvt. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Select grid 3. click Mirror . s 10.Pick Axis. s Select grid 31. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.

Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Use a column grid to place beams.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Change a grid layout. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. In the Type Selector. Open ADA_Grids-complete. s Add footings to columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. As a result. In this exercise. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. s 3. Now you place columns at grid intersections. click Column > Structural Column. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. This is a steel column. you typically create a grid. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. Structural s 421 .

2. click Finish. click At Grids. set Height to Level 3. 5. B.s s On the Options Bar. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. A. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. C and D. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. In the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. 4. 4.Structural . 6.

The grid. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Structural s 423 . click Beam. click On Grids. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. 5. Open Floor Plan Level 2.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 4. columns. Zoom to Fit. Window-select all the grid lines. and beams will move to the right. 2. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Multiple panel. 3. Click Grid 1.

On the Multiple panel. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Click Redo. 2. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click Isolated. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 6. 1. window-select all the columns. 4. click Undo.Structural . Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Columns and beams will move to the right. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click At Columns. Open the Default 3D view. In the view window. click No. On the Quick Access toolbar. 3.

The footing had been placed at Level 1. s On the Properties palette. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Click OK. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". The footing changes size. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Structural s 425 . 7. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".5. Press ESC to clear the column selection. 6. To change the size of the footing. A warning displays. in the Type Selector.

426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Used a column grid to place columns.Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams.8. s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file. In this exercise. s Changed a grid layout.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural . using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Column b. s Change a grid layout. s Use a column grid to place columns. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. 2. Questions 1. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. All of the above. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Beam d. Brace c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place braces. s Add footings to columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. True b. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place beam systems.

A and B. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Pick points. False 4. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. b. True b. A but not B. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. c. d. you: a. a. b. Stretch b. d. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Properties c. True b. To change the height of a column. c. you can: a. 2. Flip Orientation d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 3. Select a beam type and define the system layout. a. When placing columns or beams. 5. Select the type of beam or column to place.Structural . If you relocate a grid line. Use grid lines and grid intersections. To create a beam system. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. All of the above. you use: a.

Susan Harrington . International Technology Education Association www.Teacher.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Poway. WI Roger Dohm . South Division High School.Executive Director.Director.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Milwaukee.iteaconnect. Copyright s 431 . Inc.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. CA Ronald A Williams. Randy Dymond.org Project Lead the Way. Smith . Mathematics. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Instructor.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Ltd. Starkweather . Virginia Tech Eric Losin . PE . Poway High School.

USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . or trademarks belong to their respective holders. AutoCAD MEP. Inc. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. All rights reserved. All other brand names. All rights reserved. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc.. “AS IS. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. AutoCAD Architecture. 2010 Autodesk. INC. product names. this publication. Inc. or parts thereof. Published by: Autodesk. CA 94903. Trademarks Autodesk.© 2010 Autodesk. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Autodesk Revit MEP. by any method. INC. Autodesk Inventor. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. for any purpose. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Inc. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS.” AUTODESK. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Inc. AutoCAD.. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK.

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