Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch.When sketching walls. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Other building elements such as doors. elevation. You can add building elements in plan. stairs.Software Tools . roofs. windows.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. section. furniture. floors.

relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the illustration shown. the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.While components are being sketched. If one is moved. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence.Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. s Place a predefined Mass family. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. technology. and Language Arts. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Technology. s Constrain placement of objects. engineering. s Describe the tools for placing building elements.

Masses can be edited in many ways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and curtain systems. or masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape.Software Tools . owner. you can create in-place masses. roofs. such as distance requirements from roadways. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. and then converted into building components such as floors. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. A designer. quickly. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. walls. size. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. There are mass families available to load into a project. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. masses. roofs. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . s Recognize temporary dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Explain the use of dimensions. legends. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. tags. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Annotation includes text notes. Engineering. and symbol heads. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. technology. and math standards. and Language Arts.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. or angular.Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y. and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

and Options Bar. s Work with tool buttons. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and Language Arts. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. engineering. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. the Type Selector.Software Tools . technology. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Open and use ribbon tabs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Engineering. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. and math standards.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

and rooms. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. for instance. Display and Navigation s 31 . they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. beams. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. doors. windows. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

structural walls. and text. detailing. Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. trusses. and foundations. braces. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. slabs. columns.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension.

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Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters. and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work. copy/paste.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Close.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Open. Print. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools .

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible. Legends. families. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. schedules. and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.Software Tools . schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. sheets.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

click the User Interface button located on the View tab. rendering (in 3D views). shadow display. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. visual style.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.Software Tools . To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Windows panel on the ribbon. cropping. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. sun settings. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. A check mark indicates it is visible. View Control Bar View scale. level of detail. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.

Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. To change the scale of a view. Display and Navigation s 43 . Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. but not at Coarse. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet.

Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. sun and shadow intensity. Display and Navigation s 47 . and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. or by global location. which can be according to the view.

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It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.Software Tools . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings.

Display and Navigation s 55 . Collaborate. Annotate. Structure. Insert. View. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Massing & Site. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. To activate or open a view. Manage and Modify.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

When a context tab is active. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. If you select items in the view window. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Options Bar. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab opens on the ribbon. showing options that you can select while you are working.Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

New File. Export. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. The application menu contains file management controls. Print. File Save. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Click a file name to open that file. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. and Publish. Display and Navigation s 65 . such as File Open. the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files. File Close only appears on the application menu.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The completed exercise 4. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Do this for other tabs. The panel titles display under the tab titles. make the Home tab active. If you select the menu option. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Display and Navigation s 67 . click OK in the dialog box that opens. On the ribbon. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. or click New > Project from the application menu. To start a new project. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. 3. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. 2.

Click the panel title to display the individual tools.Software Tools . and then viewed. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. 7. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. In this exercise.5. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 6. you opened a project file.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. In the Project Browser. 2. Display and Navigation s 69 . The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. doubleclick the view name. Exercise 2. The file opens to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Open quick_start_building_elements.rvt. You worked on this file in Getting Started. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs.

70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and windows highlight blue. You are selecting everything visible. Click Filter panel > Filter. Clear Walls and Doors. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. doors. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 7. 5. On the Properties palette. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. all the walls.Software Tools . Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click any interior wall. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 6. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.3. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 4. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". . 8. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click OK.

On the Modify | Doors context tab.9. click Create panel > Create Similar. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected.rvt. 12. Click any door. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 10. you opened a project file. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. examined the menus and toolbars. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Place a door as shown. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. System families include levels. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. ceiling plan. templates. floors). schedules. s Create a new in-place family. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Component families include model objects (furniture. s Work with Revit families.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. building elements (walls. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit provides floor plan. mechanical equipment). s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. In the exercises. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. operating settings. and elevation views by default. and views. Pan. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. You can create sections. annotations. either predefined or user-created. Math (STEM). lines. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Load and place component families.Software Tools . Engineering. and 3D views using the View menu. display controls. and Language Arts. Technology. drafting views.

This lesson relates to science. and math standards. engineering. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

There is no way to see everything in it. even a small one. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. There is also a copy in the course datasets. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.rvt. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.Exercise: View Controls A building model. 3. Four elevation markers are visible. is an extensive database. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_building_elements. 2. Rightclick in the view window. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The display changes.Software Tools . VG also opens the dialog box. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click OK. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit. First. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Right-click.

Zoom to Fit. 7. Enter ZF. click Detail Level. Right-click. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined.4. Select the roof outline. 6. In the Project Browser. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . There are two parts to an elevation. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. so be sure to select them both. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click Open. 5. Click Zoom In Region. On the View Control Bar. Select Detail Level: Medium. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click. Click and drag the cursor as shown.

Turn off visibility of the elevations. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Enter VH. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. as before. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. View Properties 1. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. change the Underlay value to None. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. 2.8. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. doors and windows are not shown. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. On the Properties palette.

Next to View Range. Click Rename. and where the cut plane sits. 4. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. the ridge is now visible.0". Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.3. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK. click Edit. enter Roof. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. For Name. Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.

4. In the Sun Settings dialog box.Software Tools . 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shading with Edges. 2. In the Presets list. select Shadows On. under Solar Study. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 5. 3. Accept the location that activates. Open Elevation view South. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the dialog box that opens. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.Graphic Display Options 1. select Still. select Winter Solstice. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Set the time to 9:30 am.

Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6. In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .rvt.

and place Revit families. and floors. In Revit. railings. or stand-alone (for example.Software Tools . s A system family. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. floors. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. and annotations are examples of standard families. such as levels. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. These components are called families and there are several different types. Additionally. There are system families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. lights. roofs. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Open Unit2_views. is predefined within Revit. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. and furniture. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. furniture. and use a Revit family to place a door. walls. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or institutional structures. Build panel. 2. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. 3.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. windows.rvt. you open an existing project file. commercial. Doors. windows. You add closet doors to interior walls. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Home tab. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. click Door. standard families. doors and windows are dependent on walls). furniture). Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and so on. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. and families in place. load. Doors are considered standard family entities.

5.rfa.rvt. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. As you move your cursor near any wall. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . and Annotation. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. On the Modify | Place Door tab. 4. Family files have a file extension of *. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click the Doors folder. You click to place an instance of the door family. If you highlight a door family. Click Open. Furniture.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Click Open. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. It has a number of different sizes defined. Tag panel. Project files have a file extension of *.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Locate Double Panel 2. s s 6. Accept the default size.

Place two more instances of the door as shown. you located. but not strongly. loaded. 8. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place an instance of the door as shown.7. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . simply click it. and placed instances of a door family. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. 9. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. In this exercise.rvt. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again.Software Tools .

click Duplicate. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. For Name. This door needs to be 48" wide. 4. The required width is not available. Click OK. enter 48" x 80". Select the double door as shown. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 3. Open Unit2_doors_walls. and create an in-place family.rvt. you open an existing project file. modify a door family.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 2. 5. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

2. The door updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. For Name. On the Home tab. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 3. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Build panel. enter Hall Clock. In the dialog box. select Generic Models. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. click Component > Model In-Place. Click OK. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed.6. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings.Software Tools . On the Properties palette. is to create a component family in place. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 4. 1. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. 5. set the Extrusion End value to 6".

Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Working with Views and Objects s 85 .rvt. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Revit will display . Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. 13.2". you located. 7. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 8. The family model updates. 11.4" as shown. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. You have created the base of the clock. 9. click Rectangle. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click OK. In this exercise. On the Draw panel. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 12.6.0' 2". Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. and placed a door family. loaded. as shown. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 10.

Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.

depending on the template selected. The tool shown is used to: a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Questions 1. s Change view properties. True b. and Options Bar. s Adjust Visual Style Options. True b. Turn on Shadows. c. s Open different views. Each project has several predefined views. and click Open. a. Create a 3D perspective view. d. b. Zoom in Region is used to: a. d.Software Tools . False 5. a. False 2. and place a family from a library. b. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. tab. Either a or b. Right-click. a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. 6. True b. c. s Access. Spin the model in 3D space. b. s Create an in-place model family. False 3. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Zoom to an area selected by a left click.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Change view displays. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. False 4. load. Views can be renamed. d. a. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. c. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Change type properties of a family. All content tools are located on the ribbon. To activate a view: a. context tabs. Zoom to the entire model. 7. True b. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon.

Parts d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. In-Place d. depending on settings 9. Multiview b. Rotate c. a. Blocks c. Pan and Zoom b. etc. A family created within a project is called ________________. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . If you have a scroll wheel mouse.8. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. System c. windows.) are called: a. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. Families 11. All of the above. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Properties palette 10. Project Browser d. Scroll d. Standard b.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Review Revit Architecture setup. s Create labels. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Create a project template. s Set project units.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. 2. 8. 5.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 4. 6. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Create dimension and text styles.

and the settings that are preset within them. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . based on the AIA standards. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Explain why templates are used. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Visit the AIAS website at www.aias.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. colors. should be used. colors. and so forth. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. linetypes. and Language Arts. linetypes. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .aia.org. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Visit the AIA website at www. defining the layers. To review the list of standards for each lesson. After completing this lesson.org. Technology. Engineering.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

If there is a fire. otherwise it is considered a carport.Standards and Building Codes . the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. and one closet. If it lacks any of these components. doors. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. A garage must be completely enclosed. defined and adopted by convention. one window.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. the number being its numerical value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). A unit is a particular physical quantity. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. it cannot be called a bedroom. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. it must have at least one door. windows. and so on. For example. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. like mechanical drawing. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. a garage. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a bathroom. and so on.

its value is expressed in the unit meter. glass. unit symbol m.. is 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. or imperial. is 169 m. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. such as room size and wall height. in the United States. However. Another method is to apply dual notation. unit symbol ft. units are applied to dimensions. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. and other materials. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. also known as the International System of Units. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . In architectural drafting.. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Here h is the physical quantity.For example. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. using imperial units. the construction industry still uses the English.

and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). and viewports.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). for example 1/8" = 1'-0". can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. one value representing another value. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.) 8. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. In Revit Architecture. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. line weight and pattern. Each size is designated by a letter.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.Scales are ratios. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Standards and Building Codes . every 1/8" would represent 1'. sheets.

ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.a modified version of the AIA standard. The integers go from 0 to 9. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. You create and position views.01. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). symbols. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. site plan. and then add a title block or other symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.01. notes Demolition. temporary Schedules Sections. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. elevators. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .

the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. For example. that is. The column is divided into sections.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The paper is oriented landscape. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Usually. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. The next space is for tracking revisions. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. and layer standards. the author of the drawing. the date drawn. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Typically. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and other relevant information. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. fonts. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. annotation plot sizes. so that the height is less than the width. followed by information on the building's owner. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the electrician.Standards and Building Codes . the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. drawing scales. and so on. the HVAC company. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text.

dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . layer settings. title blocks.

Engineering. These can be used to build your model. windows. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes . Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. views. Technology. dimension styles. and Language Arts. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and walls.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Open Revit to an empty project file. you create a new project file using a template. In the New Project dialog box. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.Standards and Building Codes . and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. In Revit. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. On the application menu. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. you use templates as starting points. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. Select a Template 1. Condominiums. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 2. click New > Project. apartments. factory. or store.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. click Browse.

Select the Residential-Default.4. Click Open. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. saving set up time.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 6. On the application menu. 5. you started a new project file using a standard template. In this exercise. click Close to close this project without saving. Click OK. Settings s 103 .

In the courseware datasets folder. the drawing setup options are preset. The Wall tool remains active. The file opens to a 3D view. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Standards and Building Codes .rvt. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. Pull the cursor to the right. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Build panel. 3. expand Floor Plans under Views. open ADA__Settings. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 2. Click to start a new wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. click Wall. In the Project Browser. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.

s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.4. click to start a new wall. Close the file without saving. In this exercise. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Settings s 105 . Click OK twice to save the setting change. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Click Format for Length. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.) 6. Place the cursor over the left wall. 5.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. s Set Unit symbol to m. 8. 7. Press ESC to cancel the wall. and move the cursor right.

create. there are two types of dimensions. but also control the size and location of objects.rvt. click Duplicate.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. enter Big Text. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Temporary dimensions display when you select. On the Properties palette. click Aligned. On the Annotate tab. 4. In the Type Properties dialog box. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. temporary and permanent. or insert components. 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. dimensions not only display. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 3. Dimension panel. For Name. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 1. By default. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions.Standards and Building Codes . Open ADA_Dimensions. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. click Edit Type. Click OK. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.

Settings s 107 . Select the top. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. and bottom horizontal walls. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Text Size to 3/16". In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The Dimension tool is still active. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Click OK twice. left. 6. 7. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".5. Click to place.

Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Close the file without saving. upper. s s s Select the far left. you opened an existing file. The Dimension tool stays active. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. In this exercise. and far right vertical walls. Click to place the dimension. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .8. 9.Standards and Building Codes . created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.

These are annotations. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 2. Right-click.rvt. In the Project Browser. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . There are no annotations visible. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan. Notice the door and window tags. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In the datasets folder. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In order to do this.

Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Model Categories tab. select or clear the check box of the desired object category.Standards and Building Codes . 7. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 9. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click Rename. 6. Double-click to open it. click Project Information. In the Project Browser. 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. On the Manage tab. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box.4. 8. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click OK to update the display of this view. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. Click OK. 5. Settings panel. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view.

(Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. In the Value column of Project Address. click Edit. 3.) 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. or supply your own values: Click OK. Settings s 111 . Rightclick. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Click OK. Enter the address as shown. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also enter the address of your school. Click OK.Add a Sheet 1. Click New Sheet. 2.

In the Identity Data and Other sections. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Next.4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Notice the change to the title block. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Click Apply. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 5.Standards and Building Codes .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Add a View to the Sheet 1.

Select the new viewport. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Settings s 113 . Click Activate View. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 2. Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View. Right-click. Select Add View to Sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 4. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 3.

of the sheet. 6. s Added a sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Placed a view on the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.5. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Close the file without saving. you: select it. deselect it. Place the cursor 7. The Scale updates in the title block. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The view updates on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.Standards and Building Codes . s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Finish the move.

2. Click Open. click New > Titleblock. Settings s 115 .Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. A copy of the 11 x 8. This is one of the longer exercises. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 3.rft. Select A-11x8.5. 4. It opens to the Recent Files window. On the application menu. Start Revit Architecture.5 title block template opens.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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s Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value.rfa. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.Landscape. click Close. 12. you created a title block using a template file. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 14. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. On the Quick Access toolbar. Right-click.Standards and Building Codes . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Accept the Sample Value. select Drawn By. 13. click Save to save the title block. s Click Add. 11. 10. Add a label for Sheet Number. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. 15. Accept the Sample Value. Add a label for Checked By. Your teacher may specify another location.9. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the title block as A .

and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. On the View tab. Settings s 125 . Locate your title block.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click New to create a new project using the default template. 3. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 5. In the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 2. you create a new project file. Insert a Title Block 1. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. 4. Highlight the title block and click OK. The title block appears in the graphics window.

126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Properties palette. s For Checked By. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 6. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. enter Student Project Unit 3. enter your name. Settings panel. click Project Information. enter your instructor's name. On the Manage tab. Select the title block. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Click OK. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. 4.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 5. 3.Standards and Building Codes . Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Click OK. you a created a new project file. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Click OK. s For Drawn By. In this exercise.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.

The completed exercise Settings s 127 . 3. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. There are various settings you can define for your template. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. and slope angle. select Project Template. in addition to predefined wall types. Click OK. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. a dimension style. 2. such as 3D and plan views. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. you create a new project file. angles. and geometry from the template. including how the rendered image looks. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. you define the title block. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. and the units for your custom template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. 1. click New > Project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. settings. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. Create a Template In this exercise. On the application menu. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. In the New Project dialog box. In this exercise. On the Insert tab. and then load them like families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template.

7. For Name. enter 3/16" Verdana. You create a custom dimension style. create a Dimension Style. Set the units for the template. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. 10. 8. Open the title block A . Next. click Duplicate.Standards and Building Codes . 6.rfa. 5. Click OK twice.Landscape. click Settings panel > Project Units. On the Annotate tab. 9. On the Manage tab. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. There will be no visible change. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".4. Click the Length field in the Format column.

Rightclick. Settings s 129 . On the Properties palette. 12. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13.11. Click OK. 15. Select the A . Click New Sheet. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 14. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. select Sheets (All).Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click OK. In the Project Browser. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.

Save your project template in your class project folder. as well as dimension style and units.16.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 17. You can use this template for future projects. Save the file name as A-English template. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. and units that you defined. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. In this exercise.rte. The title block updates. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . title block.

or new combinations of existing materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. abstract format. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

05 c. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. English c. is defined as what? a.Standards and Building Codes . s Change lineweight. 1:3 b. An architect b. A.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. A.02 b. True b. NCTM d. 1:24 d. s Create dimensions. you learned to: s Set units in a file. Metric d. False 3. UBC c.02 d. and symbols used in drawing? a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. A unit 4. s Create text. NCSESA 2. s Create a template. s Create labels. a. s Create a text style. s Create a dimension style. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. S. 1:32 5. s Create a title block.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 1:12 c. P. dimension styles. Using AIA Standards. a. A particular physical quantity. AIA b. General Questions 1. a. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Change dimension colors. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0".

To set the units in a project. False 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu > New > Sheet b. In Revit Architecture. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False Summary/Questions s 133 . a. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Wall midpoints d. you use: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Wall faces b. By default. a. True b. Wall centerlines c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False 6. Application menu > Properties b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. you click: a. True b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. To create a new sheet. dimensions snap to: a. a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. To change the scale of a view. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Point offsets 3.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

2. Lesson Plan 1. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Trim and extend walls. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. s Define a wall structure. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .

or filling in between. their construction and materials. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. After completing this lesson. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. and protect its interior spaces. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . List the different types of occupancy. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. separate. them.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Select the Single Line option.Brick on Mtl. After you create the wall.3. Stud. indicating wall length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. a dashed line displays. but it disappears when you begin another action. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. It will not print. click it to open an edit field. 5. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. 4. Expand the Type Selector list. Click to set the endpoint. an angular dimension displays. Enter 10. Clear the Chain option. To modify a dimension. the dimension updates incrementally. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Notice that a temporary dimension displays.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. As you continue to move the cursor. Walls s 151 .

The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Press ENTER. click Modify to stop placing walls. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. click Create Similar. click the Detail Level icon.6. Create panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Depending on your zoom in the view. Click to start the next wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The wall does not show any internal detail. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Select panel.Walls . The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. enter 7. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click the wall. 8. On the View Control Bar. the controls may sit on top of one another. 7.

notice how the wall joins at the corner. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. an alignment line displays. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. no matter where you move the cursor. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Walls s 153 . Because you drew this last wall from down to up. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Also. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Notice that two dimensions display. Click Modify. Select the right vertical wall. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. release the mouse button to set a new length. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. 10. Because you drew the wall from up to down.9. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension.

Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Select the lower vertical wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. This is the same as clicking Modify. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. click Wall. 16. Build panel.11. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Right-click. Click Cancel. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Home tab. 14. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Repeat. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Sketch the walls as shown. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 15. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. When using the Chain option.Walls . 13. 12.

Walls s 155 . Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". 19. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 17. Click Modify. In this exercise. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Clear the Chain option. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Zoom to Fit. 20. Click Create Similar again.18. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. After clicking the second end.rvt. Save the project as Unit4_walls.

you first split the walls at the intersections.rvt from the previous exercise. The cursor changes to a razor blade. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. 2. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Both split walls are shown below. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.Walls . Split Walls 1. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. trim. To do this. Only part of the wall highlights. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Do the same for the vertical wall. You now remove the upper right corner. 4. and extend walls. This exercise illustrates how to split. fillet. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Click Modify.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 3. align. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.

Create panel. Enter 5'. Select any wall. click Undo and repeat the steps. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. On the Modify | Walls tab. Modify panel. 3.Fillet Walls 1. 4. select Radius. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). On the Options Bar. If you make a mistake. click Delete. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You can also click the flip control. On the Modify | Wall tab. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 5. Walls s 157 . Click Fillet Arc. 2. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. click Create Similar.

158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You align the wall in the next steps.Walls .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. The Wall tool is still active. 2.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 3. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. select Basic Wall: Interior . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Place an interior wall as shown. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 1.

s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor.4. You can lock the alignment. The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Click to create a wall. Walls s 159 . s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. such as location lines. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. clear Chain.

6.Walls . 5.s Move the cursor to the left and click. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. This will be the border. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will extend to the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 3. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. The length is not critical. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The walls can cross. Select the vertical wall as shown. 4. Select the two interior walls in turn.

7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 . In this exercise. fillet. and trim.rvt.

Open ADA_Wall_Structure.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The Modify tool is active by default. and vary in cost. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 1.Walls . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. 3. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. Select the Exterior wall as shown. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 2. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. satisfy different requirements.

s Click the number of Layer 3. For Name. Click Insert twice. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Every layer of a wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Walls s 163 . has a Function you can edit. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click Up. s Select Finish 1 [4]. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 5. 7. click Edit in the Structure value field. s Click Down twice. except Core Boundary. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. the wall structure should be as shown. 8. s Click the arrow at the right. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 6. Click OK.4. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. To edit the structure of the wall. When you are finished.

s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.Exterior . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 12.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Material to Finishes .9. s Click the icon that appears at the right. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s Set the Material to Wood . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Stud Layer. 13. which displays plan or section views. 11. Modify the Function. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 10. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Material. select Finishes . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Walls .

You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. In the Project Browser. select Medium. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. 15. 17. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. 16. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. expand the Families branch.14. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Walls s 165 . Click Apply to update the view. From the Detail level list.

Close the file without saving. Right-click 8" Exterior. 19. In this exercise. 20. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. You opened an existing file. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.Walls . 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18.

for example. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Stud walls as shown. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Brick on Mtl. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. such as a weatherproof outside surface.rvt. wood rails. In this exercise. and a decorated interior surface. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The model opens in a 3D view. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Select one of the Exterior . 3. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. a structural mid-section. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You can define a wall type with these elements. 2.

click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. To define the structure of the wall. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can assign different materials to regions. or you will lose your changes. highlight one of the borders. into regions. click Edit. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 1. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. When you split a layer. You can set the sample height to any value. Wall structures are Type Properties.Walls . 8. You change the type. 2. To split a layer or region vertically. 6. in the Structure value field. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. 5. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Click Split Region. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. the new regions assume the same material as the original. In this exercise.4. so all instances of this type change. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. You can split regions into other regions. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 7. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. If not already expanded. As indicated in the dialog box title. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. either horizontally or vertically. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. To split a layer or region horizontally. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box.

the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click to merge the two layers. 3. 4. Click Merge Regions.3. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Click to split the region into two parts. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Prehighlight a border between regions. When you merge regions. assign Layer 1. Click to merge them. In this case. 1. The upper split disappears. Walls s 169 . Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.Brick layer. After merge. 2. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1.

click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 2. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Next. After a region is split. Click the temporary dimension text. Change the value to 12. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. If you set the split offset down from the top. 1. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. 3. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.Walls . Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Click again to return to the original position. to the next parallel line. Click Insert. indicating that it is modifiable. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Press ENTER. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. In the Edit dialog box. 3. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 1. instead of down. To create a new wall layer. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". click Modify. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. s Select the split line. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. The dimension text turns blue. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 2.

Click OK. it highlights in blue in the preview window. When a layer is selected in the table. Split Region. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Change the Material to Masonry . Modify. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. In this exercise. The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course. 10. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. 8. Walls s 171 . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 5. 7. 9. Close the file without saving. Merge Region. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. and Insert Layer tools. All walls of this type have been changed. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click Assign Layers. Click OK.4. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.Brick Soldier Course layer. It also shows a thickness value. as shown. It immediately highlights in blue. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 6. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . because it is now the selected layer.

piping. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . ducting.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. earth. and insulation. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. and protected. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. installed. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.Walls . They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Custom types and sizes can also be built.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but also the natural lighting. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . the ventilation. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).

and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.Doors and Windows . 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . if there is no other escape route. The height can be no less than 24". An unobstructed opening of 5.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. ft.7 sq. the width can be no less than 20".

Engineering. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Some families are loaded into each empty file. technology. s Center a door in a wall. and copy these elements. s Copy windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. In this unit. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. you learn how to place doors and windows. and how to position. move.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Doors and Windows s 187 . Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. windows. engineering. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). and math standards. and furniture are defined in family files. Components such as doors.

rvt under the courseware datasets folder. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Once a door is placed. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. the door swing would be to the left side. elevation view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. To flip the door.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. To reverse the swing. On the Home tab. Build panel. click Door. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. In other words. When placing doors in a plan view. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.Doors and Windows . 3. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. 2. This can be done in a plan view. Add Doors 1. or 3D view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected.

and windows into project files. Doors and Windows s 189 . The display does not change. In order to keep file size small. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Click Open. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. on the Modify | Place Door tab. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". walls. With the Door command active.Load Families 1. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder.rfa. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. From the Type Selector list. 2. click Load Family. except for the Type Selector. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. 3. Mode panel.

190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . If necessary. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5. From the Type Selector.4. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

If you place a door in the wrong location.6. Remember. or by using the swing control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Do not add the dimensions. To Doors and Windows s 191 . simply click it and enter the correct value. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. change a temporary dimension.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .rvt.

click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. From the Type Selector. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. click Window. the outside of the window is to the left side. approach the wall from the right side. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. When placing windows in a plan view. elevation view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. or 3D view. 2. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Build panel. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. You can place windows in a plan view. Add Windows 1. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Open Unit5_doors. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. To reverse the window after performing another operation. click Modify and select the window. On the Home tab.

All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. you opened an existing project. and placed windows. Place seven more windows as shown. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5.Doors and Windows . Window tags do not number in sequence. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. placed doors.rvt. 4. You do not need to add dimensions. In this exercise.3. loaded a door family.

window. 2. Dimension panel. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. 1. wall. and so on. place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. click Aligned. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. you open an existing project file. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. s Align and modify walls. constrain it to be centered in a wall. On the Annotate tab. and modify the wall. Do not be overly concerned where you place it.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 4. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension.rvt.

Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 5. Click the lock icon to enable it. Select the upper wall first. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The walls are now aligned.Doors and Windows . Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Notice the symbol. Align Walls 1. Click the center of the door. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. 6. 2.s s s s Click the left wall. the other wall will remain aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The door changes location. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. Click it and it changes as shown.

Right-click.) The dimension value is now shown. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. The walls shift and remain aligned.4. 5. Change the dimension to 16. 3. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Doors and Windows s 197 . Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Clear the EQ Display value. Dimensions display below it.

6. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. you placed a continuous dimension. Click Zoom to Fit.Doors and Windows . Right-click.rvt. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7.

Create panel.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 4. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. On the Modify | Windows tab. Doors and Windows s 199 . 2. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 1. click Create Similar. In this exercise. especially if there are many different types. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3.rvt.

3.Copy Windows 1. The window is copied.Doors and Windows . The window will change appearance. Modify panel. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Select the window you just placed. 2. click Copy. On the Modify | Windows tab. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point.

6. Doors and Windows s 201 .5.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. cold. flat glass is a recent invention.Doors and Windows .

s Place a window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Position a door or window. a. True b. If a room is used for sleeping. Standard b. s Copy a door or window. 32" b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 40" d. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 36" c. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 34" 4. False 2. you learned to: s Place doors. 28" b. Custom 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. s Align a door or window. 30" c. General Questions 1. 32" d. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building.

a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. To change the location of a door or window. c. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Select the door. 6.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Use door grips to reposition. a. c. a. Load from Library b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. A reference plane b. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. a. a. Clone b. False 2. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows.Doors and Windows . Offset c. b. Click Door Properties. Link c. Right-click. Load c. The center snap 7. Copy 8. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. True b. d. 4. To center a door or window in a wall. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Modify > Flip Direction. Click Door Properties. Click Flip Direction. you use: a. b. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. you: a. True b. True b. Duplicate d. you use ________. Select the door. d. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Properties 3. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Insert d. False 5.

2. (Student) Evaluate students. Review stairs and railings. 6. 3. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. s Create railings.

you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. After completing this lesson. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . stair and railing types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.

and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Math (STEM). and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology. Engineering. Technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined. Then. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. such as ice and snow. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.Stairs and Railings .

Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Due to building code. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This saves space when changing direction. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings .

s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. You create stairs in a plan view. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. of certain horizontal depth or run. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. engineering.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can define straight runs. Math (STEM). L-shaped runs with a landing. s Modify stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. ramps. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. or vertical circulation. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Create stairs. This lesson relates to technology. and stairs. In multistory buildings. Technology. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. which includes elevators. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. To review the list of standards for each lesson. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. and math standards. s Create U-shaped stairs. and Language Arts. The riser and run values update accordingly.Stairs and Railings . For safety reasons. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. Engineering. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . U-shaped stairs. As you move the cursor. or tread. s Add a railing. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. and spiral stairs.

This enables you to place the stairs properly. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Before you create the stairs. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Stairs and Railings s 217 .change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. On the Properties palette. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. From the courseware datasets folder.rvt. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This file is in metric units. 3. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.

In this case.4. click Stairs. you create a straight run. Circulation panel. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. Run is preselected. These tools are used to define your stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). On the Home tab. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 5. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.Stairs and Railings . Click OK to close the dialog box.

7. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. and then click to define the run of stairs. Revit displays the number of risers you created.6. Select this intersection point to start your run. 10. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. 9. As you move the cursor up. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 8. select Finish (green check). Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. You can continue to move the cursor up. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. To change the run dimension. On the Mode panel. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. If you have not fully created the run. the run footprint stops expanding.

click application menu > Save As > Project. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.11.rvt. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 13. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . To avoid overwriting the original file. you created and placed a straight run stair. and switched to a 3D view. 12.

The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Activate view Floor Plans. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The stair is not centered on the landing. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Edit panel. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Level 1. On the Modify tab. click Align. 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.

hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. The Align command remains active. from the Prefer list. On the Options Bar. select Wall centerlines. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. If you have a scroll mouse.Stairs and Railings .4. Take time to make the selections correctly. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view. which is located at the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Click the center of the wall first. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Click the center of the stairs. 5.

The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. s Click Duplicate. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. 9. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . and Dimensions subsections. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. 7. 8.6. Graphics. As you prehighlight them. s For Name. Hover the cursor over the railing. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. In the Project Browser. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. railings were created with the stairs. s Click OK. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. expand Sections (Building Section). Change Width to 1350. enter Lobby Stairs.

10. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Cherry s s Click Modify. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Lobby Stair View. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Stairs and Railings .

Click it to select it. The stair changes to the run sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Mode panel. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe.12. In the Type Selector. s Select the stairs (not a railing). s On the Modify | Stairs tab. 13. Delete this line. Stairs and Railings s 225 . 14. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Next. you change the shape of the stairs. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The railings change. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. click Edit Sketch. s Zoom in on the stairs.

s On the Modify panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click the left end of the top riser. Click Modify. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.Stairs and Railings . s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 18. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 16. 19. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.15. click Boundary. Click to place the arc. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. On the Draw panel. 17. To place the second arc endpoint.

For the third point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Stairs and Railings s 227 .21. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. This will define a rounded first step. the arc center point. 20. Next. On the Draw panel. click Riser. First. The left boundary will be mirrored.

rvt.22. click Finish. you modified stair properties and boundaries. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results. On the Mode panel. In this exercise. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23.

place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Therefore. Zoom into the landing area as shown. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you add a railing to a second floor landing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing.rvt from the previous exercise. 2. Click Modify. For simple railings. This is typically done in plan view. In this case. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. 3. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you sketch the plan view path. Select the right side railing. you need to define a path for the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing.

230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. edit the temporary dimension. 5. 6. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Then. Mode panel. To set the exact distance. The dimensions are shown as a guide.4. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. 7. click Edit Path. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. You do not need to add dimensions. click Line. Once the railing is selected. select Chain.Stairs and Railings . On the Draw panel. on the Modify | Railings tab. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. s s On the Options Bar.

8.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.rvt. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. In this exercise. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 9. Stairs and Railings s 231 . you used sketch tools to create a railing. Delete your lines and try again. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

s On the Options Bar. In a floor plan view. Create a Reference Plane 1. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. set the Offset value to 850.rvt from the previous exercise. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. In this exercise. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. the stairs appear as a U-shape.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between.Stairs and Railings . s On the Home tab. 2. Work Plane panel. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a reference plane.

Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Stairs and Railings s 233 . On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Dark Gray. change the Width parameter to 900. 5. To start sketching the run. Click Edit Type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Click OK twice. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. For Name. click Stairs. Circulation panel. 3.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Pull the cursor straight up. 4. enter Exit Stairs. On the Home tab. Click OK. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Matte 2. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 6. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection.

enter 1925.7. Press ENTER. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . If you have trouble making the correct distance display. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer to the right. 9. 8. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Click to place the first run.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to finish the stair run.

On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Select the two walls of the stair tower. If you get an error message. You want to inspect your stairs. you select Continue to return the sketch. 2.10. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. click Finish Stairs. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. but they are hidden behind walls. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Remove the additional lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. To remove the lines. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. 11. On the View Control bar. On the Stairs panel. Click Finish Stairs again.

The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Finally. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 4.3. In this exercise. 5. Reset the Display 1. and to create a U-shaped stair. The walls are now hidden. you learned to create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the Properties palette. 3.rvt. Zoom in to see your stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 6. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The exterior walls reappear. This is a multistory stair. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Select the stairs so they highlight. On the View Control Bar. 2. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

escalators. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps.

Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. Include landings as required by your local building code. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . They cost less. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. but they can also be highly decorative. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. smoke guards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. and deliver riders without wait time.Stairs and Railings . require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. this openness makes them fire hazards.

s Modify stair boundaries. 30" b. s Create railings. True b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 25 degrees b. a. a. True b. 90 degrees d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. and all treads should be the same run. 180 degrees 3. 36" d. 45 degrees c. General Questions 1. 40" 4. False 2. 32" c. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . you learned to: s Create stairs. a. b.

True b. Treads. that is. False 6. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Fasten Railing 5. Modify c. a. a. risers b. Manage d. you use the _______ option. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. risers 3. Insert 2. True b. a.Stairs and Railings . Rectangle c. riser lines c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Run. a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. risers and treads. a. Circle 4. Pick New Host b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Boundary lines. Line b. To create railings on stairs without railings. You can apply materials to different stair components. Align Railing d. Home b. Arc d. Attach Railing c. Railings. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. riser d.

s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 6. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 10. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 5. Evaluate Students. (Student) 4. (Student) 9. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Discussion) 2. Lesson Plan 1.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Place fascia. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 3. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 7.

Calculate the rise. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. gutters. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.Roofs . The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. and pitch of a sloped roof. roof types. tiles. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . After completing this lesson. Identify the different roof types. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. and downspouts. run. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. It addresses roof construction.

Technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Roofs s 243 . s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. and Language Arts. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. technology. Engineering. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

resistance to wind and fire. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and if visible. texture. They come in several types. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. durability. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. brands. snow. and color. the roofing pattern. resistance to wind and fire. resulting in at least one textured face. rot. About Roofs s 245 . are designed for shedding water and snow. as well as how effective a shelter it is. texture. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and low maintenance roofing material. and sunlight. fire-resistant. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. and color.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. durability. You can use them for many different applications. the roofing pattern. These are used more often on upscale homes. and colors. and if visible. maintenance. and sun. Sloped roofs. maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. both low and steep. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks.

the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber.Roofs . The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. consider such factors as cost. reinforced plastic. quality. fiberglass. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. treatment for insects. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. special characteristics (for example. and insulating capability (R-value). s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. They are fire-resistant. or corrugated structural glass. This same roof on a clear. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. When choosing the insulation for your job. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. durable. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). galvanized steel. Unfortunately. zinc alloy. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. Therefore. galvanized steel. choose a type that will suit your needs. odor. and so forth). and require little maintenance.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The slope usually leads to interior drains.

and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs. These are commonly used in French-style houses. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. run. The run value is typically equal to 12. where as.

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7-12. 7 and 12.Roofs . 7 on 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction.When designing a roof. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. try to specify standard roof pitch.

often supporting a gutter. s Place gutters. water. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. and fascia. s Create various roof types. To create a roof by face. dormers. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. soffits. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Create a hip roof. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or roof overhangs. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. that convey rainwater to drains. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Assign roof structure and materials. or ice. snow. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. Once you create a roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you can add gutters. Roofs s 255 . you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Create a roof fascia. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. or eaves.

Engineering. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson.Roofs . and math standards. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. technology.

the top of the roof profile is sketched. 3. Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. In the Work Plane dialog box.rvt. 2. select the Name option. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. you create an extruded roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise.. 4. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Click OK to continue. To create an extruded roof. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.

5. 4. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch.Roofs . 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. click Ref Plane. 3. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Go To View dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. click Line. select Section: Section 1. On the Work Plane panel. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. 6. The section view should display as shown. Click Open View. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Draw panel. s Use the image below for guidance. 2. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined.

Using a positive offset value. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2.6. 5. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Roofs s 259 . Using the image below for guidance. s Click the EQ toggle. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Select the new dimension. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify.

4.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Line. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. The name displays when you select the reference plane. for Name. 2. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. you can label them.Roofs . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. click Finish (green check). 3. On the Mode panel. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 7. enter Horizontal. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. Right-click. On the Properties palette. 1. Click OK. 5. s On the Options Bar. Click Modify. click Chain.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view.8.12" type. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 .

Roofs . Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. Edit Geometry panel. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. On the Modify tab. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 3. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Using the images for guidance. 2. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. This is a two-step process.

Roofs s 263 . the vertical walls extrude through the roof. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar. Trim Walls 1. Select both walls.4. select Attach Wall: Top. 2. click Attach: Top/ Base. On the Modify Wall panel. Select the roof. In the Project Browser. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. open the view Sections: Section 1. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. This will join the wall tops to the roof. However. 3.

Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 5. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.rvt. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. The roof now looks correct. In this exercise. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4.

1. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Unit7_first_roof. Because you are in a 3D view. so you look straight down as in a plan. Build panel. by Footprint. From the drop-down list. a dialog box is displayed. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. from existing walls.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 4. The footprint sketch is created at 2. 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. On the Home tab. Click Yes. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. In this exercise. select Garage Roof.

7. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch.Roofs . s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . Next. 6. click Pick Walls. select the vertical wall on the left. Select the right vertical wall of the garage.0". 8.5. Use the image below for guidance. clear the Defines slope option. click Defines Slope. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. If you place a line on the wrong side. s On Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.

click Yes. Other controls also display. Click the 9"/12" text. Select the right side roof line. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. To complete the roof. click Finish. Click Modify. Roofs s 267 . When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Select the left slope defining line. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. By default. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. defining lines separately.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 1. It becomes an editable field. change the value to 6"/12". 2. 3. The new roof displays. Change this value to 6"/12". When a roof line is set to slope defining.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. In this exercise.Roofs . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 5.4. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Roofs s 269 . 4. To chain-select all of the walls. 2. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On Home tab. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. When all of the walls prehighlight. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. The file opens to a 3D view. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. click to select them. set the overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.rvt. Clear Defines Slope. 3. Build panel.

Using the image for guidance. verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Options Bar.Create a Roof Opening 1. click Rectangle. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. On the Draw panel. Zoom into the chimney area.Roofs . you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 3. 2. As an alternate. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Right-click.

Select the uppermost. Roofs s 271 . As in the previous exercise. select Defines Slope. Click Finish. 6. 5.Add Slope Lines 1. The slope indicator displays. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. click Yes. On the Options Bar. 3. Select the left lower horizontal line. horizontal line. 2. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. select the Defines Slope. 4. On the Options Bar. Click Modify.

attached walls. and chimney penetration. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise.rvt. 8.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

2.rvt. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Build panel. 3. set Overhang to 2' . you create a hip roof. Zoom into the area shown. Select Defines Slope. Select the three walls shown in the image. 4. The file should open to a 3D view. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. On the Options Bar. 5. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.0". Roofs s 273 . Create the Roof 1.

Right-click the ViewCube. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. In addition.Roofs . 3. On the Properties palette. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .0". 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D View. Click OK. 6. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click Finish to complete the roof. click Line. To close the roof sketch. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Raise the Roof 1.7. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. s On the Draw panel. 2. you use the Line tool.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. you created a hip roof using a footprint.Roofs .

Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 4. On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. 6. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The file should open to a 3D view. Roofs s 277 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Create a Shed Roof 1. 5. 7. 2.rvt. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. click Line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.

12. On the Properties palette. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 9. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Modify. Select the lower.Roofs . 13. 10. 11.8. Click Toggle Slope Defining. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Right-click the line. Set the Offset to 0' 0". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".

16. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Finish the Roof. Switch to a 3D view. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 15. 17. click Yes. you created a shed roof using a footprint. In this exercise. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.14. 18. Click OK.rvt. Roofs s 279 .

Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. On the Properties palette. 4. On the menu bar. You see four levels defined in the model. The roof updates. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 5. Activate the view North Elevation. Select the Roof. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. select Level 3. 2. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.rvt.Roofs . Cutoff Level list.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Open the Default 3D view.

Finish the Roof. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. In this exercise. To set the slope for the new roof. 7. click Pick Lines. set the slope value to 3"/12". On the Draw panel. 12. 9. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. on the Properties palette. 11. On the Home tab.6. 10. Zoom and spin to see your model. 8. On the Options Bar. Switch to a 3D View. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 13. Roofs s 281 . select Defines Slope.rvt. Select the inner rectangle as shown. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.

Select the main roof over the house. 1. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Roofs . 3. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Asphalt Shingle Insulated.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view. thereby reducing energy consumption. In the Type Selector. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.

To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Roofs s 283 . s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Select the roof over the garage. 3. click Duplicate. For Name. 2. Select Layer 2 as shown. Click Insert to add a layer. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 5. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.Define a Roof Structure 1. 4. click Edit Type. enter Clay Tile. click Edit. For Structure Value. s Click OK. It is a generic roof type.

284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. In this exercise. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. select Model.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 8.rvt. s Click OK.Roofs . 7. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. The garage roof displays a pattern. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Click OK twice. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Click OK to exit the dialog box. 6.

Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Click Open. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 3. or for decoration. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.rfa. Roofs s 285 . In this exercise. click Roof > Fascia. to support a gutter. 4.rvt. On the Home tab. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. 2. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. In the Open dialog box. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. On the Insert tab.

In the Type Properties dialog box. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.5. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . for Profile. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Click OK. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.Roofs . Set the Material value to Metal . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Matte. click Edit Type. For Name. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click Duplicate.Paint Finish Ivory. 6.

In this exercise. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Roofs s 287 .8.rvt. 9. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. you defined and applied a roof fascia.

click Edit Type. 1. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. under Profile parameter.Roofs .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Under Material parameter. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. For Name. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 3. Place Gutters In this exercise. click Roof > Gutter. In the Type Properties dialog box. you add gutters to a building.Bevel: 5" x 5". select Metal Aluminum. The file should open to a 3D view. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. The completed exercise 4. On the Home tab. 6. Click OK. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK. 5. select Gutter .rvt. s Click Duplicate.

If you click the interior face. 8. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Roofs s 289 . Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 10. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. In this exercise.7. you attached gutters to a roof. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary.rvt. 11. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 9.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and cold.Roofs . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. heat.

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

High d. the run is always 12. When referring to roof slope. a. a. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . False 2. s Define a roof structure. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. True b. a. True b. Gable b. Medium c. Gambrel d. General Questions 1. None of the above 3.Roofs . s Place fascia. s Place gutters. Hip c. Low b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Shed 4. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.

______ or _______. a. Change the direction of the roof. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Roofs can be created using ______. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. False 7. a. Footprint b. Material 8.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Create an opening. profile 2. Sketch. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. SHIFT c. Footprint. extrusion. Extrusion d. a. lines c. Slope c. c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. 10. True b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. b. To add a slope to a roofline. Create Slope d. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. face b. Cut/Lengthen c. Footprint. TAB b. Walls. ENTER 4. you use: a. Trim/Extend b. place a check mark next to: a. False 5. Change the direction of the slope. Add Slope b. DEL d. True b. pick d. a. Sketch c. a. Expand/Contract 6. Face 3. A compound roof contains layers. Walls d. extrusion. True b. profile. a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Defines Slope c. d. Footprint b. sketch. Activate Slope 9. a. Turn slopes on or off.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create filled regions. s Create a section view. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5.

After completing this lesson. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. and special equipment. Sections are used to examine the roof.Sections and Elevations . Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. the kitchen. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and tool racks. In a commercial structure. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. floor. In a residential building. bathrooms. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. cabinetry. the location of special equipment. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. technology. Technology. Engineering. Math (STEM).Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and Language Arts.

and foundation plans. framing. and are properly cross-referenced. on the long axis of the building. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). across its narrower dimension. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.Sections and Elevations . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. t Cross or transverse sections. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary. such as framing connections and foundation details. and steel.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. full.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. For larger elevations.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . s The position relationship between different elements. such as doors and windows. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

" Mfr. quantity. cars. however. Therefore. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and then the name of the material. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and so forth.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . The size of the object is listed first. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. or methods of installation. shadows. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. East. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. For a wood structure. the titles assigned (North. people. You may. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. For example. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. bushes. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Unnecessary Information Shades. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. South. For siding. followed by any additional information about spacing. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. this is reversed. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. With interior elevations. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site.

and special equipment such as toilets. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. wood. This is usually done using a topset. Hinges are concealed. dishwashers. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. shelf arrangements. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. or a baseboard. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". and lip. and other appliances. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. and types of finish materials used. It may have curves. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. flush overlay. tile.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Molding is normally decorative in nature. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. doors. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins.Sections and Elevations . which is a formed pressboard. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. or decorative patterns. other openings. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. coving. chamfers. Molding is usually made of plaster. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The trim is usually glued into place. and materials used. casements. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. This is more costly than regular overlay. or linoleum) and the wall. windows. or MDF. It can also be used around doorways and windows. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. doors and direction of door swings. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. finished floor-to-ceiling heights.

This automatically creates the section view in the model. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Add slope annotations. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. which you can then add to a sheet. s Change the section head. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create an interior elevation. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to a detail section.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout.

and Language Arts. A section is a horizontal view. like an elevation. and math standards.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering.Sections and Elevations . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Once created. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Math (STEM). engineering. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. This lesson relates to science.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. or other section view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . elevation.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.

Slope is also referred to as pitch. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. In a set of construction documents. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Once you create the detail section. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add detail notes. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the slope of this roof is 2:12. So. s Add breaklines as needed. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. which is spoken as 2 in 12. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. In the example shown. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. tracing over the existing elements. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Details are crucial for effective construction. such as anchor bolts and siding. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add structural details.

Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The completed exercise 6. Create a Section View 1. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. click Section. 3. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The Section command is available from the View tab. 4.rvt. Open the file ADA_Sections. Create panel. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 2.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 311 . On the View tab. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The file opens to a 3D view.

On the Properties palette. Section Properties 1. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. and it has control grips to resize it. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. 3. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The actual location is not critical. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on.Sections and Elevations . With the section line selected. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. This is called the crop region. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.

Clear Crop Region Visible. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 6. 7. Sections and Elevations s 313 . you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. When you drew the section line. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The section view updates.4.rvt. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. In this exercise. 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Save the file as Unit8_section1. In the Properties palette. 8. you automatically created a section view.

rfa. enter Open Arrow. 5. They include Section Head . In the Type Properties dialog box.1 point Filled. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Settings panel. Click Open to load the family.Sections and Elevations . click Additional Settings > Section Tags. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 7.No Arrow. 4. In this exercise. The view does not change. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Section Head . Click OK. For Name. 6. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 2. click Duplicate.rvt. On the Insert tab. Load from Library panel.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Several section head families are available. 3. click Load Family. On the Manage tab.Filled. Select Section Head-Open. and Section Head .

Sections and Elevations s 315 . select Section Head . For Section Head. select Open Arrow. On the Properties palette.8. Select the section line. In the Section Tag field. The section head updates to the new head type. 12. 11. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.rvt. For Name. Click OK.Open. enter Open Arrow. In this exercise. Click Duplicate. 10. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK. 9. click Edit Type. 14. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 13.

316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Options Bar. On the View tab. Use the image below for guidance.rvt. 4. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Create panel. 6. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. click Callout. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 2.Sections and Elevations . you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. To reposition the callout head. 3. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 5.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. select the border of the callout. This is a building section.

detail components. You can add detail lines. click Region > Filled Region. 2. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 8. region patterns. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. but not strongly. as shown.rvt. On the Properties palette. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 1. On the Draw panel. Detail panel.7. On the Options Bar. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Sections and Elevations s 317 . change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Annotate tab. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Line is selected automatically. 3. select Chain. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. 4.

enter Earth. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For Name. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Select the upper and right side lines. 6.5. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. 7.

Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Click Open. 3.Section. On the Annotate tab. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . the pattern becomes visible. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Detail panel. If you zoom in closer. On the Mode panel. 1. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 9. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. Click OK. click Load Family. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Finish (green check). the filled region may appear as solid fill.8. click Component > Detail Component. From the Fill Pattern list.rfa. 2. Sections and Elevations s 319 .

Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . In the Specify Types dialog box. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 5. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. From the Type Selector.

8. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. From the Type Selector list. Sections and Elevations s 321 . add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Using the image below for guidance. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Add another Detail Component.6. select Plywood. 7. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.

Click Component > Detail Component. select anchor bolt. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. set the Thickness to 3/4". 11. Use the image below for guidance. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. On the Properties palette. Place the component similarly to the image below. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Click Modify. This component represents the subflooring. From the Type Selector. Select the vertical plywood.9. The exact vertical placement is not critical.Sections and Elevations . Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 12.

Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. 14. select Multiple. On the Options Bar. Add another Detail Component. select Lap Siding. Click Modify. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Use the image below for guidance.13. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Copy. From the Type Selector.

click Detail Line. select Wide Lines.15. Save the file. 16.Sections and Elevations . Add Detail Lines 1. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. From the Line Style Selector. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Detail panel. 2. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Start at the end of the siding.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 5.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Still using Wide Lines. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 .

Save the file. select the Material field in row 3. 10. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 7. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Add Insulation 1. 9. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.Sections and Elevations . Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 8. Detail panel. The wall display updates. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .6. identified as Wall material 1. On the Annotate tab. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click Insulation. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Right-click. Next. Click Modify. Click Edit in the Structure field. 2. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Select the wall so it highlights. you show the gypsum board in the wall.

1. select Break Line. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Sections and Elevations s 327 . 3. On the Annotate tab. Your view should resemble the image shown. From the Type Selector. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component.2.

add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The view should resemble the image shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. The Detail Component tool is still active. You place another breakline. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. and detail components to it. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. Place the breakline as shown.4. 5. Save the file. 7. In this exercise. To complete the detail. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.Sections and Elevations . detail lines.

quantity. and ventilation methods in construction documents. weatherproofing.rvt. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). With nothing selected in the view. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The border around the view will disappear. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The size of the object is listed first. s Clear Annotation Crop. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 1. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 3. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. To add notes. or methods of installation. 2.

you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 8. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Finally. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. As you pull your cursor to the right. leader arrow as shown. 9. 6. On the Annotate tab. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 10. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. R13.4" WEATHERING. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. click Two Segments. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Move the pointer up 11. 7.4. 5. 12. On the Format panel. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . insulation. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.Sections and Elevations . From the Type list. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. click Text. Text panel.

Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. O. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 5/8" GWB . 16. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.C. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. 19. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.TYPE X. or wood treated with preservative against rot. as the second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.C. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the baseboard. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Sections and Elevations s 331 . and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.13. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 17. 20. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C. CONT is short for Continuous.C. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.. 14.. 15. 18. .

Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. Click ENTER to start a second line. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Zoom to Fit. 23. Note: CONC signifies concrete.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 21. 22. Click Modify. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.

Sections and Elevations s 333 .rfa title block you created in Unit 3. or elevation view. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. and locate the detail view on it. Click New Sheet. 5. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. click Load. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. In the Project Browser.rvt. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. The new sheet becomes the current view. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Locate the A-Landscape. 2. Right-click. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 6. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. you will want to add the views to a sheet. In this exercise.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Highlight your title block. highlight Sheets. Click Open. 4. section.

Click the control at its left end. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. select view Detail at Foundation.7. 8. Select a Level Line. 9. close to the crop border. click Hide Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Both Level ends will move together. Drag it to the right. On the View Control Bar. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.

11. enter S. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Right-click. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. In this exercise. you: s Created a new sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. For Number. 12. 13. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. For Name. Click Rename.10. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. In the Project Browser. Click OK.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 335 .301. highlight the new sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill.

Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). south. 2. The elevation markers are now visible. four elevation views are included: north. s Add material notes. Click the Annotations tab. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 4. Click OK. east. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. It is defined by the green dotted line. Open ADA_Elevations. Right-click. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. s Set the display for building components as needed. s Add slope indication for roof. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. 5. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. When you create a project with a template. and west. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Select Elevations.Sections and Elevations . 2. s Add any necessary dimensions. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1.

clear Sections. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Annotations tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 5. Next. 3. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. On the Modelling tab. 4.2. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. clear Planting. On the View Control Bar. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Switch to an Elevation View 1.

click Edit Type. Select the wall. In the Type Properties dialog box. 8.rvt. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. select Edit in the Structure field.7. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Select the Material field for Layer 1. modified its display. you activated an elevation view. Click the button that displays to select a material. and modified the wall display characteristics. Click Zoom to Fit. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select Sand. 13. 10.Exterior Stucco. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 11. click to open the list. In Surface Pattern.Sections and Elevations . It will be identified as Condo . 12. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 9.

2. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. The size of the object is listed first. or methods of installation. Enter TX. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Set the Leader type to One Segment. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 3. In the Type Selector. quantity.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 339 . you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note.rvt. Add a note for the stone wall. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 5. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 4. Add a note for the foundation.

9.6. Add a note for the exterior stucco.Sections and Elevations . 7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. In this exercise. 8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

On the Annotate tab. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. from the Slope Representation list. 6. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. select Triangle. For Offset from Reference. enter 1/8". On the Options Bar. 2. 4. 3. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Sections and Elevations s 341 .rvt. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Click to select the roof line. 5. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 1. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. click Spot Slope. Dimension panel.

Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. On the Annotate tab. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 10. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click Modify. 9. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. click Aligned. Dimension panel. Click to locate the slope indicator.7.Sections and Elevations . 11. Click to select the roof line.

and vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Arrange notes. 13. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. slope indicators. select wall breaks and levels. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. leaders.12. 14. Sections and Elevations s 343 .rvt. The west elevation now contains material notes. and dimensions for clarity. In this exercise. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.

equipment rooms. dimensions. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. In this exercise. special closets. Click Find Referring Views. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. In the Project Browser. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and cabinetry. 3. Right-click. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Open View. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom.rvt.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. This view was already defined in the drawing. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. kitchens.Sections and Elevations . 2. Highlight the view. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.

click OK. Right-click. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Clear Use Project Settings. Sections and Elevations s 345 . An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. click Aligned. In the Name box. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. 6. Select Suppress 0 Feet.4. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 5. 7. Click the value field for Units Format 8. On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. s s s s Click Duplicate.

rvt. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. You modified a dimension style.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. detail the interior section.9. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Using the Text and Dimension tools.

Cabinetry d. Either one. All of the above 5. False 3. All of the above. d. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. b. 4. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. is always the true orientation. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Walls c. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . it depends. s Create material annotations. True b. c. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. The direction the viewer is facing.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. such as north. c. Not in Concrete b. 2. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. a. s Create filled regions. The direction the structure is facing. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Create a section view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Show the relationships between elements. General Questions 1. b. Bathrooms and kitchens b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations. Nobody in Charge d. Not in Contract c.

Sections and Elevations . All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The detail level of the view. b and c. The dotted line indicates: a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. a. Click Add View. but not a 6. South d. b. The boundaries of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The Visual Style of the view. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. d. c. West c. Sun and Shadow b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. click Sheet Composition > View. The height of the view. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. True b. a. Right-click. c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. 4. Which elevation is it? a. East b. d. On the View tab. False 5. b. North 3. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. False 2. True b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. you use: a. Element properties c.

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Load a schedule tag. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Review Schedules. s Reformat a schedule. 3. 5. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 2. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. After completing this lesson. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.

technology. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Some of these building objects include. Engineering. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and Language Arts. About Schedules s 351 . height.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. width. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and thickness. Math (STEM). such as reference number. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . depending on the style of the architectural firm. the same primary information is included. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. However.Schedules . s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Instance. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). There are different types of schedule tables. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Using the software. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. hexagon. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. these tags can be placed automatically or manually.Schedules . 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To clarify the reading of the floor plan. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). and A for appliances. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. A circle. The following image shows door. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. E for electrical. Other letters are P for plumbing. However. Like schedules. window.

materials. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Technology. Math (STEM). equipment. rooms. Schedules s 355 . Engineering.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. and you can create your own schedules. engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. technology. s Create a room schedule. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Project templates include preset schedules. s Add room tags. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. s Export a schedule. hardware. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.rvt. 2. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Schedules . you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. and you set the schedule to display totals.

In Available Fields. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. select Comments. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. 4. Click Add. Level. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 6. Select Windows from the list. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Schedules s 357 . Height. and Width. Type Mark. 3. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Add Count.s Window Tag 5. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 7. On the View tab.

358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 9. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. from left to right. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.8. Select the fields. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules . Click OK to finish the schedule.

1. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Select Blank Line. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. select Type Mark. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet. Schedules s 359 . 2. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. From the Sort By list.

Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 1. clear Itemize Every Instance. Rather than make a manual calculation. In the Project Browser. for Sorting/ Grouping. 4. click the schedule name. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . in the Then By sorting field. On the Properties palette. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Level. 3.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. click Edit. 2. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. Notice how the schedule has changed. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. in this case). you can have the schedule report this. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting.

click Edit 7. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. select Footer. Schedules s 361 . On the Properties palette. The totals for each window type now display. 6. From the list. s Set the schedule to display category totals.rvt. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. and Totals. Count.5. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Title. In this exercise.

2. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. occupancy. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Home tab. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Room & Area panel. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. floor type.Schedules .rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Open ADA_Room_Tags. In this exercise.rvt. Click Open. click Room > Room. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Locate the file named Room Tag. click Overwrite the Existing Version.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. based on the amount of space in each room. 5. 3. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. ceiling type. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Room size. 4.

The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Room & Area panel. Schedules s 363 . 7.In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the placement. On the Home tab. 6. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. a total of 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. and in the hall as shown. 8. click Room > Room Separation Line.

s Change the word Room to Manager. 12. The cursor changes to sketch mode. An edit box activates. 13. On the Room & Area panel. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The room tag updates. Select Room #2.9. click Room. s Click the Room text.Schedules . Place a room tag below the room separation line. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 10. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Modify. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 11.

In this exercise. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects.14. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. enter Sales. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Added a room separation. On the Properties palette. 15. Schedules s 365 . s Changed room tag field values.rvt. for Name.

The New Schedule dialog box displays. Set the Sort By value to Number. 3. On the View tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 2. 6. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.Schedules . enter Square Footage Report. The completed exercise 5. Name. Click OK. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 4. and Area to be included in your schedule. select Number. In the Available Fields pane. For Name. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Create a Room Schedule 1.rvt. Click Add--> after each selection. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Create panel. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Select Title and Totals from the list. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Area field. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Click OK. Highlight the Number field.7. Change the Heading to No. Select Grand Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. clear Use Project Settings. s Click Field Format. In the Format dialog box. Click the Formatting tab. 10. 8. 9. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places.

s Totaled one of the columns. In this exercise.Schedules . Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.rvt. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 12. you: s Created a room schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.11.

rvt. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Double-click it to open it. 2.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Click Save. On the application menu. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. The file is created. 3. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Using your Windows Explorer. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Browse to a directory to save your report. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 6. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. You can then use this file in other applications. Schedules s 369 . 5. locate the file you created. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. you export the room schedule to a text file. Note the formatting that has been applied. 4. Click OK.txt) file. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.

Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.7. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 8.Schedules . Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.

True b. s Place a schedule tag. b. s Reformat a schedule. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False 4. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. a. c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Export a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A list of sheets used in a project. Instance 3. Type b. s Load a schedule tag. d. a. True b. Quantity c. What is a schedule table? a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Matrix d. 2. None of the above. Questions 1. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur.

Modify 2. Annotate tab b. TXT b. Home d. View c. a. Manage tab 3. Annotate b. To export a schedule.Schedules . use the ____ . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Application menu d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. XLS c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. View tab c. CSV d.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Review Visualization. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Lesson Plan 1. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 3.

and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Engineering. s Place a camera. Finally. s Add planting components. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Technology. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Create and edit a walkthrough. or camera on a path. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Apply shading to a view. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Export a DWG file. To review the list of standards for each lesson. After completing this lesson.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Play a walkthrough. Math (STEM). The animation file can be played in any media player. s Orient walls and windows. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export an FBX file. s Assign materials. and Language Arts. s Export a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.Visualization .

courseware datasets. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s s 2. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Click Zoom to Fit.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Open Unit2_custom_family. You worked on animations. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.rvt. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. To prepare your model for rendering. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 .

Select one of the exterior walls. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. The wall display updates. Stud. 5. Select any exterior wall. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. If you do not see any change in the wall display. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 6. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The walls now display layers of materials. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.Visualization . Right-click. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl.3. 4. All the exterior walls highlight in blue.

Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass. Select walls. you can: s s s 9.7. Click OK. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. On the Properties palette. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Right-click. Visualization s 377 . Click Change wall's orientation. Repeat the process for the windows. In addition to using the control arrows. Select the toposurface object. 10. 8. Open the Default 3D view.

Click OK in any notices and warnings.Visualization . 12. Export the Model to FBX 1. In the Select File to Import dialog box. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. and click Open. you have completed this exercise. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .11. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. 2. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. This will filter the file list. for Files of type. Depending on your system resources.FBX). If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Open 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. Select the Roof. Save the file as Unit10_Export. On the application menu. click Import > Import. Select the file name. click Export > FBX. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Note the file location. 3. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated.rvt.

Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you have completed this exercise. open Unit10_Export. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design.4. Export the Model to DWG 1. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.rvt. click Next. Close the file without saving. 3. Visualization s 379 . Depending on your system resources. 2. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. There is no way to update it from Revit. Note the file location. On the application menu. If necessary.

9. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. click File.rvt. click References > File Link Manager. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Select two windows as shown. open Unit10_Export. click Attach This File.max. Click Open. Open 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. If necessary. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 7.Visualization . In the File Link Manager .4. 8. Select the file name. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the application menu. 5. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. 6.

Open the 3D view. 12. In the dialog box. The windows have updated.10. On the application menu. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the export file using the same name as before. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 13. 11. Save the file.

Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.Visualization . s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. The linked file updates. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open the Files tab. Open the File Link Manager. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Close the File Link Manager. s Changed a material definition.14. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Oriented walls and windows. s Click Reload. 15. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The windows have changed. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise.

and create a second rendering. Open Unit10_Export.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model. you place a camera in a model. generate a rendering. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.rvt. 3. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Create panel. Visualization s 383 . If you place the camera too close to the model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Place a Camera 1. 2. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. In this exercise. as shown. change materials. Open the Site view. click Camera. On the View tab.

click Show Rendering Dialog. Click Show Camera. Return to the perspective view. The camera perspective view opens. 6. 2. select Very Few Clouds. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.4. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly.Visualization . 7. The camera will be visible. Right-click. Open the Site view again. If necessary. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the View Control Bar. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Render Setup 1. 5. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.

30' approximately as shown. click Site Component. Open the Site view.3. Click Render. Open view 3D View 1. and Lighting. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Output Settings. Visualization s 385 . Model Site panel. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render. On the Massing & Site tab. 2. Enhance the Model 1. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. 3.

Change Materials 1. In the Layer 1 Material field. click Show the Model. In the Save to Project dialog box. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. In the Materials list.Visualization . select Roofing . In the Rendering dialog box. On the Properties palette. Revit places the image in its own view. 3. click Edit Type. The model displays in the view. and you can now select elements for editing. 5. 4.Wood Shake. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Select the roof. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. 2. click OK. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.4. 5. Select an exterior wall.

8. Click the Render Appearance tab. 7. Click Replace.10.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field. Visualization s 387 . Select the icon next to Masonry .

Click OK. Save the file as Unit10_render. 13. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. click Save to Project. s Edited materials in model components. In this exercise. s Generated and captured a second render image. Select Masonry .Brick Uniform Running Brown. 12. 15. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. The new image is placed in its own view. 16. In the Rendering dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model.11. 14. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image.Visualization . s Created a raytrace setup. In the Rendering dialog box.rvt. click Render.

Click Zoom to Fit. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Click Zoom Out (2x). A walkthrough places a camera on a path. or walkthroughs. s Right-click. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Visualization s 389 . To place a key frame. s Right-click again. in a project model. click to the left of the model as shown.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. or frame. 3. s View the animation in a media player. 4. Open Unit10_render. s Edit the camera and path. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.rvt. The camera and path can be edited. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. 2. and exported individually. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Each view. s On the View tab. click 3d View > Walkthrough. rendered. Open floor plan view Level 1. In this exercise. Create panel.

8. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 10. click Finish Walkthrough. 6. Select the direction control for the camera. Drag it to the left. On the Modify | Cameras tab. The camera is located on the final key frame.5. click Edit Walkthrough.Visualization . Walkthrough panel. Walkthrough panel. Repeat for all the key frames. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 7. 9. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 11. The Options Bar changes. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown.

Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Check the view in several key frames. Click Open. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 13. click Next Key Frame. 2. If camera positions distort. Click Edit Walkthrough. Drag the path away from the model as shown. 3. The path displays control dots at key frames. select Path. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. From the Controls list. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.12. Visualization s 391 . On the Walkthrough panel.

click OK. Click OK. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu. Revit generates the external AVI file. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. The walkthrough plays in the view window.Visualization . Click Play. Click Save. Export the Walkthrough 1. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 4.rvt. File Name. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 3. In the Video Compression dialog box. 2. 2. In the Length/Format dialog box. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. notice where you save the file.Play the Walkthrough 1. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough.

Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 . You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Plan your class time accordingly.5. 6. Double-click the new file name. It plays in your media player.

7. save the Revit Architecture file. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.Visualization . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited the path. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the animation file in a media player. If you have made changes to the building model.

Align c. False 2. s Add planting components. Save As > FBX c. True b. s Apply shading to a view. a. s Place a camera. Questions 1. Flip Orientation d. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Export > FBX 3. True b. s Orient walls and windows. you use: a. Split b. s Export a DWG file. View > Shading d. True b. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Create and edit a walkthrough.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. you use: a. s Create a raytrace rendering. a. Print to File b. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Export an FBX file. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. False Summary/Questions s 395 . To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Export a walkthrough. s Assign materials. Demolish 2. s Play a walkthrough.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

beams. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 3. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . foundations. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. and braces. beams and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . beam systems. In the following exercises. you learn how to place structural columns.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 5.

and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other structural elements will be located in a building. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.Structural . beams.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Knowing where structural members.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects. walls.Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . especially columns.

Place columns and beams on grids. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson. Create column grids. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Engineering. Structural s 401 . Place beam systems and braces. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Technology. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Structural columns can be steel. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. or concrete. 3. click Column > Structural Column. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 2.Structural . In this exercise. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Select a floor. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. 1.Hide Category. In residential construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Beams connect columns or walls. wood. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. or reinforced concrete. often mainly glass. this is known as post and beam construction. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. spans without walls. wood. beams can be steel. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . As with columns. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. They come in types defined by size and shape. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. On the View Control Bar. Open Deck Framing. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.

The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1".4. In the Type Selector. click Depth. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 5. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and 4B. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 7. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 6. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. On the Options Bar. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Structural s 403 . Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 3A. On the View Control Bar. 8. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up.

Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Place Beams 1. Right-click. 11.Structural . Click OK.9. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The columns are now hidden by the floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". rail. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 10. double-click view Framing Cutaway. and columns clearly. In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). 2. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click OK. Click Hide In View > Element.

s In the view window. On the Options Bar. click Beam. Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. To place beams: Structural s 405 .3. On the Structure tab. Structure panel. 5. In the Type Selector. select Chain. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 4. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.

Structural . Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 7. On the Properties palette.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6. Click. Click Modify.

On the Properties palette. 9. 12. Click. Click OK. as shown. click Make Wall Bearing. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. 11.8. Save the file as Deck Beams. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Beam. Structure panel. Click on grid intersection B4. In this exercise. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.rvt. Structural s 407 . s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click Modify. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.

A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. click Beam System. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click Sketch Beam System. you: s Place beam systems. s Place braces. Click the beam on Grid 1.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. 3. On the Structure tab. 4. or number of beams in a bay. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. click Pick Supports.rvt. Structure panel. In this exercise. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. The completed exercise 5. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.Structural . distance. Place Beam Systems 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click No. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Open Deck Beams. 2. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears.

On the Draw panel. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. 7. as shown.

6". On the Mode panel. click Create Similar. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Trim as necessary. Click Finish. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.8. s s On the Draw panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. click Pick Supports.Structural . Click the beam on Grid 2. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Finish (green check). s s s On the Draw panel. 10. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. On the Properties palette. set Elevation to -0'-9". 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .2". 11. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s 9. click Line. On the Properties palette. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.

Adjust the view crop region as shown. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the View tab. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Create panel. Structural s 411 . set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. It has an automatic work plane. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. as shown. 2. On the Structure tab. 5. unlike regular elevations. 4. Structure panel. click Brace. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click to place the elevation. click Elevation > Framing Elevation.Place Braces 1. 3.

412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . 8. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.6. Click Modify. Repeat the brace going right to left. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the Type Selector. 9. In the view window. 7. to start the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.

10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces. 11. In this exercise. you: s Placed beam systems.rvt. Save the file as Deck structure.

2. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid datasets. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Datum panel.Structural . Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. The exact length is not critical. This is a common step early in designing a large building. In plan views. as shown. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Grid. and walls. elevation. click in the lower left to start a grid line. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. but they can also be angular and radial. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. The numbering automatically increments. In this exercise. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. The exact location is not critical. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. beams. s s In the view window. Pull the cursor straight up. You can change a grid number at any time. and section views. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1.

Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. 4.3. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line.

When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s Select Grid Line 2. The new grid line is number 5. Press ENTER. The new grid line will be number 3. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 6. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.5. Pull the cursor to the right.Structural . s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click Copy. Pull the cursor to the left. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. click to place the grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Press ENTER. close to the heads. Enter A at the keyboard. Click to start a grid line. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 7. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Repeat to create grid line 4.

Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 10. 9. click the elbow control to place an offset. 11. This completes the main grid.1. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. The Grid tool is still active. s Click Copy. Change the number to 2. Grid 2. s Select grid 2. This grid line will be number B. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Structural s 417 . s Click to place the grid line. On the grid line.1 is still selected.8.

click Radius. click Grid. set Offset to 15'-0".Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Change the number to EE. On the Home tab. On the Draw panel. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Press ENTER. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Options Bar. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Click to place the grid head. The Grid tool is still active. On the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit. 3. 4.000 o .Structural . Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. select Center-Ends Arc. Click in the new grid bubble. enter 15. s s Click grid intersection D3. click Pick. On the Draw panel. Create panel. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Radius field. s Click to start the grid line.

You will need to identify it easily. 6. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click to place grid FF. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Structural s 419 . 7. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together.5.

s In this exercise. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. click Mirror . 9. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.000. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.8. s Select grid 3. Revit will create grid 32.Structural . s 10. Zoom to Fit.Pick Axis. Click to place the grid line. Click in the new grid bubble.rvt. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Press ENTER. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. 11. Enter 31 to change the name. s Select grid 31. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Click grid intersection D3. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar.

s Use a column grid to place beams. s Add footings to columns. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. you typically create a grid. Structural s 421 . you: s Use a column grid to place columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structure panel.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In the Type Selector. This is a steel column. As a result. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. In this exercise. s Change a grid layout. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s 3. click Column > Structural Column. 2. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab.

A.s s On the Options Bar. C and D. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. set Height to Level 3.Structural . B. click Finish. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 3. 5. 2. 4. 6. On the Multiple panel. In the Multiple panel. click At Grids. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.

Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. and beams will move to the right. 2.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. columns. click Finish. 5. The grid. click Beam. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Structural s 423 . On the Multiple panel. Click Grid 1. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 3. click On Grids. 4. On the Multiple panel. Window-select all the grid lines. Zoom to Fit. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab.

click Undo. click No.Structural . 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Finish. Open the Default 3D view. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams will move to the right. click Isolated.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 2. In the view window. 1. 6. 4. Click Redo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Quick Access toolbar. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. 3. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click At Columns.

7. The footing had been placed at Level 1. s On the Properties palette. Structural s 425 . To change the size of the footing. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. A warning displays. Press ESC to clear the column selection. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 6. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. in the Type Selector.5. Click OK. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Select the footing at the base of the extended column. The footing changes size.

s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Added footings to columns.Structural . s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise. Save and close the file.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

Structural . using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

Brace c. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Column b. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. False Summary/Questions s 429 . 2. All of the above. Beam d. s Place beam systems. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place braces. s Add footings to columns. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.

A but not B. True b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 3. Stretch b. d. b. a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. False 4. c. If you relocate a grid line. To change the height of a column. c. you: a. A and B.Revit Architecture Questions 1. d. Select a beam type and define the system layout. All of the above. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . When placing columns or beams. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. you use: a. True b. you can: a. Flip Orientation d. b.Structural . 5. To create a beam system. a. Select the type of beam or column to place. Properties c. 2. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Pick points.

Instructor.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Poway. Copyright s 431 .Teacher. South Division High School.org Project Lead the Way. Ltd. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Starkweather . Inc.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . International Technology Education Association www. Poway High School. Randy Dymond. Mathematics.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Executive Director.Director. PE .iteaconnect. Smith . Susan Harrington . Milwaukee. WI Roger Dohm . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. CA Ronald A Williams.

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