Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls.

You can add building elements in plan. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. and 3D views. section. stairs. Other building elements such as doors. roofs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied.Software Tools . 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . windows. elevation. floors. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.

While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. In the illustration shown. the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after. If one is moved. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.

In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved.

s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Constrain placement of objects. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . This lesson relates to science. s Place a predefined Mass family. technology.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Engineering. engineering. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab.

owner. A designer.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.Software Tools . The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. walls. roofs. you can create in-place masses. There are mass families available to load into a project. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. or masses. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. size. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. such as distance requirements from roadways. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Masses can be edited in many ways. and curtain systems. quickly. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then converted into building components such as floors. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. walls. masses. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. or within. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. roofs.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

technology. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. s Explain the use of dimensions. legends. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Math (STEM).Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. tags. engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Annotation includes text notes. and symbol heads.

24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools . or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.y. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. Math (STEM). technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Technology.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. the Type Selector. and math standards. s Work with tool buttons. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and Options Bar. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and Language Arts. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Software Tools .

Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. for instance. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. and rooms. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Some commands will not be active (that is.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. beams. Its position is fixed. Display and Navigation s 31 . windows. doors. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

trusses. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . slabs. columns. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. symbols. detailing. structural walls.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. and foundations. and text.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste. and parameters. materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print. Open.Software Tools . Save. and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Legends. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. and groups. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. with four elevation markers visible. sheets. families. schedules.Software Tools . The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

visual style.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. rendering (in 3D views). The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. A check mark indicates it is visible. cropping. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. sun settings. View Control Bar View scale.Software Tools . hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. shadow display. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. level of detail. Windows panel on the ribbon. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. but not at Coarse. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 . Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. To change the scale of a view.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded. Hidden Line.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line is the default. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. sun and shadow intensity. or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. which can be according to the view. Display and Navigation s 47 .

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shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views.

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools . enabling you to select them. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. along with other display settings.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. View.All views are listed in the Project Browser. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Nine tabs are available: Home. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Insert. Display and Navigation s 55 . You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Manage and Modify. Structure. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. To activate or open a view. Collaborate.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. showing options that you can select while you are working. Properties Palette. the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs. Options Bar. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window. When a context tab is active. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.

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The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . Click a file name to open that file. On the right is a list of recently opened files. File Save. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. New File. Export. The application menu contains file management controls. and Publish. the application menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. Print. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. such as File Open.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 2. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. To start a new project. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. 3. The completed exercise 4. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Display and Navigation s 67 . click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. make the Home tab active. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Do this for other tabs.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. or click New > Project from the application menu. If you select the menu option. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens.

You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.5. Icons for panels display below tab titles. They disappear when you move the cursor away. and then viewed. 7. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Close the file without saving. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Cycle Through All. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you opened a project file.Software Tools . 6. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. In this exercise. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.rvt. In the Project Browser. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. You worked on this file in Getting Started. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view. Open quick_start_building_elements. Exercise 2. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs.

8. Click any interior wall. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Properties palette. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model.Software Tools . Click the door in the upper left of the model. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Clear Walls and Doors. 6. Click OK. 4. and windows highlight blue. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 5. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". You are selecting everything visible. 7. all the walls. doors.3. .

On the Modify | Doors context tab. 12. examined the menus and toolbars. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 10. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. 11. Select any window to verify that it has changed type.9. Place a door as shown. Click any door. Display and Navigation s 71 . On the Properties palette. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. click Create panel > Create Similar. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt. you opened a project file. In this exercise.

Software Tools . Revit provides floor plan. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Component families include model objects (furniture. building elements (walls. lines. and 3D views using the View menu. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Create a new in-place family. In the exercises. operating settings.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. drafting views. templates. and views. Engineering. ceiling plan. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Load and place component families. Pan. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). either predefined or user-created. Technology. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. mechanical equipment). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. System families include levels. annotations. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. floors). and elevation views by default. s Work with Revit families. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. You can create sections. schedules. display controls.

This lesson relates to science. engineering. technology. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

The completed exercise Visibility 1.rvt. There is no way to see everything in it. Click the Annotation Categories tab. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. First.Software Tools . The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. There is also a copy in the course datasets. is an extensive database. Four elevation markers are visible. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. Right-click. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_building_elements. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Use your keyboard to enter VV. 3. The display changes. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. VG also opens the dialog box. Click OK. The elevation markers disappear from the view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. even a small one.Exercise: View Controls A building model.

You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom In Region. On the View Control Bar. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 5. Enter ZF. Click and drag the cursor as shown. In the Project Browser. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. 7. Select the roof outline. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Select Detail Level: Medium. Right-click. click Detail Level. 6.4. so be sure to select them both. Zoom to Fit. Right-click.

There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Enter VH. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Properties palette. View Properties 1.8. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Turn off visibility of the elevations. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. change the Underlay value to None. doors and windows are not shown. as before.Software Tools . This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.

For Name. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.0". Click Rename. Set the cut plane value to 7' . and where the cut plane sits. enter Roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK.3. Right-click. the ridge is now visible. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Next to View Range. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. 4. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. click Edit. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.

On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Shadows On. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Winter Solstice. under Solar Study. 5. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Accept the location that activates. select Still. In the Sun Settings dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.Software Tools . 4. 2. Set the time to 9:30 am. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Open Elevation view South. select Shading with Edges. In the dialog box that opens. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. In the Presets list.Graphic Display Options 1. 3. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Working with Views and Objects s 79 .Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. In this exercise.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit2_views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6. The elevation shadows update.

and so on. or institutional structures. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. and families in place. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. furniture). and use a Revit family to place a door. floors. you open an existing project file. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Build panel. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Home tab. There are system families. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. railings. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. standard families. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. 2. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. or stand-alone (for example.rvt. You add closet doors to interior walls. In Revit. furniture. windows. such as levels. Doors. roofs. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. and floors. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Open Unit2_views. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and place Revit families. and annotations are examples of standard families. These components are called families and there are several different types. windows. and furniture. s A system family. commercial. walls. lights. Additionally. click Door. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture.Software Tools . 3. doors and windows are dependent on walls).Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. load. is predefined within Revit. Doors are considered standard family entities.

Family files have a file extension of *. Project files have a file extension of *. If you highlight a door family. s s 6. 5. Click Open.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Furniture. Click Open. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Accept the default size. It has a number of different sizes defined. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. and Annotation. Click the Doors folder.rfa. Working with Views and Objects s 81 .rvt. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.rfa. As you move your cursor near any wall. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Tag panel. Locate Double Panel 2. You click to place an instance of the door family. 4. The Door Insertion tool stays active.

Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7. 9. Place two more instances of the door as shown. loaded.Software Tools . you located. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. but not strongly. and placed instances of a door family. Place an instance of the door as shown. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.rvt. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. simply click it. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 8.

5. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . Open Unit2_doors_walls. and create an in-place family. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Select the double door as shown. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 4.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide. modify a door family. Click OK. click Duplicate. enter 48" x 80". Click Properties palette > Edit Type. you open an existing project file. The required width is not available. For Name.rvt.

6. 3. click Component > Model In-Place. Build panel. 5. On the Properties palette. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. On the Home tab. For Name. 2. enter Hall Clock. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. set the Extrusion End value to 6". imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is to create a component family in place. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80").Software Tools . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Click OK. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 1. select Generic Models. 4. In the dialog box. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. The door updates. Click OK.

Revit will display . 11. 10. click Rectangle. The family model updates. In this exercise. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Click OK. 13.2". and placed a door family.4" as shown. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.6. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . loaded. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 7. 9. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You have created the base of the clock. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). you located. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 12. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.rvt. 8. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.0' 2". Working with Views and Objects s 85 . as shown. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. On the Draw panel.

Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is binary math. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

s Change view properties. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. 7. and place a family from a library. Views can be renamed. 6. Either a or b. a. s Open different views. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. False 2. Questions 1. d. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. False 3. d. Spin the model in 3D space. The tool shown is used to: a. s Create an in-place model family. Zoom to the entire model. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. b. a. context tabs. and Options Bar. s Change type properties of a family. c. Right-click. b. True b. Each project has several predefined views. Create a 3D perspective view. a. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. True b. s Access. load. c. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. False 4. c. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. False 5. Turn on Shadows.Software Tools . you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Change view displays. Zoom in Region is used to: a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. and click Open. depending on the template selected. s Adjust Visual Style Options. a. tab. Go to View > View Name in the menu. d. True b. To activate a view: a. True b.

Standard b. Families 11. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Multiview b. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Project Browser d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Rotate c. a. System c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .) are called: a. Parts d. etc. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. A family created within a project is called ________________. windows. In-Place d. a. depending on settings 9. Scroll d. Blocks c. Properties palette 10.8. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Pan and Zoom b. All of the above.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 7. 4. s Create a project template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimension and text styles.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimensions and text. 9. 5. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. s Set project units. s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. you will be able to: s Select a project template.

linetypes. Visit the AIA website at www. Engineering. and Language Arts. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.aias. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes . colors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Explain why templates are used. defining the layers. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.aia. Math (STEM).org. colors. Many cities and counties have their own rules.org. based on the AIA standards. should be used. Technology. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. After completing this lesson. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and the settings that are preset within them. Visit the AIAS website at www. linetypes. and so forth. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . like mechanical drawing. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. and one closet.Standards and Building Codes . defined and adopted by convention. doors.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. For example. A unit is a particular physical quantity. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. a common area (such as a living room or family room). otherwise it is considered a carport. If it lacks any of these components. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. a garage. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. and so on. it cannot be called a bedroom. it must have at least one door. the number being its numerical value. a bathroom. and so on. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. windows. A garage must be completely enclosed. If there is a fire. one window. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls.

. Here h is the physical quantity. Another method is to apply dual notation. also known as the International System of Units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. or imperial. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. the construction industry still uses the English. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. using imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 555 ft. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 95 .. glass. unit symbol ft. units are applied to dimensions. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. However.For example. unit symbol m. is 169 m. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. and other materials. In architectural drafting. such as room size and wall height. in the United States.

LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. In Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.Standards and Building Codes . This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .) 8. sheets. Each size is designated by a letter. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".Scales are ratios. line weight and pattern. one value representing another value. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and viewports. every 1/8" would represent 1'.

and then add a title block or other symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. temporary Schedules Sections. The integers go from 0 to 9. elevators. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.01. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).a modified version of the AIA standard. symbols.01. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. site plan. notes Demolition. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. You create and position views.

For example. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. and other relevant information. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. followed by information on the building's owner. that is. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . so that the height is less than the width. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Typically. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. The paper is oriented landscape. the HVAC company. the electrician. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. the date drawn. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. The next space is for tracking revisions. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.Standards and Building Codes . Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. the author of the drawing. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. and so on. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. drawing scales. and layer standards.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. annotation plot sizes. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The column is divided into sections. Usually. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. fonts.

dimension and text styles. title blocks. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. layer settings. required symbols.

These can be used to build your model. views.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and walls. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and Language Arts. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Technology. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. dimension styles.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . engineering.

click Browse. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. In Revit. or store. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. you use templates as starting points. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. In the New Project dialog box. 2. Select a Template 1.Standards and Building Codes . factory. On the application menu. click New > Project.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. you create a new project file using a template. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. apartments. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Condominiums. 3.

In this exercise. you started a new project file using a standard template. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. 5. Click Open. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 6. click Close to close this project without saving. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. saving set up time. Select the Residential-Default.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.4. Click OK. Settings s 103 . On the application menu.

expand Floor Plans under Views. Press ESC to cancel the wall.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. The Wall tool remains active. click Wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.Standards and Building Codes . 2. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Pull the cursor to the right. the drawing setup options are preset. In the Project Browser. In the courseware datasets folder. Click to start a new wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. Build panel. s Place the cursor over the left wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. open ADA__Settings. In this exercise. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. 3.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view.

(This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. In this exercise. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 8. Click Format for Length.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Settings s 105 . 5. and move the cursor right. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Place the cursor over the left wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. click to start a new wall.4. 7. Close the file without saving. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.) 6.

temporary and permanent. click Duplicate. 1. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 3. By default. Click OK. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Open ADA_Dimensions. For Name.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. 2. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.Standards and Building Codes . or insert components. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. In the Type Properties dialog box. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.rvt. enter Big Text. create. click Edit Type. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . but also control the size and location of objects. On the Properties palette. click Aligned. 4. Dimension panel. there are two types of dimensions. dimensions not only display.

Select the top. and bottom horizontal walls. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Click to place. The Dimension tool is still active. 6. Settings s 107 . left. s Click OK twice. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.5. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 7. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".

9. created a new dimension style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Click to place the dimension. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the dimension to the top of the view.8. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. Close the file without saving. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. s s s Select the far left. upper. and far right vertical walls. you opened an existing file. The Dimension tool stays active.

2. Settings s 109 . Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In the datasets folder. Right-click. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1.rvt. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. There are no annotations visible. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In order to do this. and the view window displays the new plan.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 3. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Notice the door and window tags. These are annotations.

select Floor Plan: Level 1. Double-click to open it. In the Project Browser.Standards and Building Codes . Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 6. Click OK to update the display of this view. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Settings panel. Click OK. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 7. Click Rename. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Model Categories tab. 1.4. click Project Information. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 9. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. On the Manage tab. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 5. 8. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets.

2. Click OK. Rightclick. Click OK.) 3.Add a Sheet 1. 3. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. You can also enter the address of your school. Settings s 111 . or supply your own values: Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address. click Edit. Enter the address as shown. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. 2. highlight the title block displayed in the list. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.

Add a View to the Sheet 1. Click Apply.4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.Standards and Building Codes .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. In the Identity Data and Other sections. 5. Next. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.

4.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select the new viewport. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Settings s 113 . 2. Right-click in the view. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click. Click Activate View. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 3. Select Add View to Sheet. Select Deactivate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet.

Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Finish the move. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . deselect it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Added a sheet. Close the file without saving. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file.5. Place the cursor 7.Standards and Building Codes . The Scale updates in the title block. of the sheet. 6. you: select it. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Placed a view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet.

3.5. click New > Titleblock. Settings s 115 . A copy of the 11 x 8. 2.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.rft. Start Revit Architecture. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. It opens to the Recent Files window. On the application menu. Click Open. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5 title block template opens. Select A-11x8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 4. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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14. Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. Your teacher may specify another location. s Accept the Sample Value. 11. click Close. On the Quick Access toolbar. Accept the Sample Value. Click Zoom to Fit. click Save to save the title block. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name.9. Save the title block as A . Right-click.rfa. 10. s Click Add. Add a label for Checked By.Standards and Building Codes .Landscape. Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. On the application menu. 15. 13. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a label for Sheet Number. select Drawn By. 12. you created a title block using a template file. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.

On the View tab. Highlight the title block and click OK. The title block appears in the graphics window. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. 2. Insert a Title Block 1. Locate your title block. 5. 3. 4. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Your title block is now displayed in the list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. In the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click New to create a new project using the default template. and then load a custom title block into your project. you create a new project file. Settings s 125 . A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Click Open.

The parameters on the title block will update as shown. On the Manage tab. s For Checked By.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Settings panel. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. Select the title block. enter your name. enter your instructor's name.Standards and Building Codes . click Project Information. On the Properties palette. you a created a new project file. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. In this exercise. s For Drawn By. Click OK. enter Student Project Unit 3. 3. 6. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 4. Click OK. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 5. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date.

and geometry from the template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. 1. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. and the units for your custom template. select Project Template. and then load them like families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. and slope angle. On the Insert tab. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Any new project based on a template inherits all families. In the New Project dialog box. On the application menu. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. click New > Project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. including how the rendered image looks. a dimension style. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. There are various settings you can define for your template. 3. settings. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. you create a new project file. such as 3D and plan views. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. angles. Click OK. you define the title block. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. 2. Create a Template In this exercise. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Families: Load in families you use most often. in addition to predefined wall types. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials.

There will be no visible change.Standards and Building Codes .Landscape. Set the units for the template. 7. 10. enter 3/16" Verdana. click Duplicate.4. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".rfa. create a Dimension Style. On the Annotate tab. 5. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 8. On the Manage tab. You create a custom dimension style. click Settings panel > Project Units. Click the Length field in the Format column. Next. 6. Click OK. Click OK twice. 9. Open the title block A . For Name.

Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click OK. Rightclick. select Sheets (All). enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 12. 15. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 14. In the Project Browser. Settings s 129 . Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Click New Sheet. On the Properties palette. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Select the A .11. Click OK.

130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. 17. In this exercise. you created a new template file using a dimension style. and units that you defined.16. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Save the file name as A-English template. Save your project template in your class project folder. You can use this template for future projects. as well as dimension style and units. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.Standards and Building Codes .rte. The title block updates. title block.

or new combinations of existing materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. abstract format. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry.

General Questions 1. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Create dimensions. a. s Create a text style. A. 1:3 b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.05 c. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. 1:32 5. English c. False 3. NCTM d.02 b. P. s Change dimension colors. A unit 4.02 d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Change lineweight. Using AIA Standards. A particular physical quantity. A.Standards and Building Codes . Metric d. UBC c. s Create a template. s Create a title block. An architect b. s Create labels. dimension styles. 1:24 d. is defined as what? a. a. and symbols used in drawing? a. S. True b. s Create text. AIA b. 1:12 c. s Create a dimension style. NCSESA 2.

dimensions snap to: a. Wall midpoints d. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. In Revit Architecture. Application menu > Properties b. Point offsets 3. To create a new sheet. Wall centerlines c. False Summary/Questions s 133 . a. you click: a. True b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False 4. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. True b. False 6. True b. a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To set the units in a project. By default. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. To change the scale of a view. you use: a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Wall faces b.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Align walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 4. Lesson Plan 1. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. 3. 2. you will be able to: s Create a wall.

separate.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. After completing this lesson. List the different types of occupancy. or filling in between. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.Walls . Describe platform framing and balloon framing. them. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and protect its interior spaces. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . their construction and materials. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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3. but it disappears when you begin another action. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. As you continue to move the cursor. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Expand the Type Selector list. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. indicating wall length. an angular dimension displays. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. It will not print. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. a dashed line displays. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Clear the Chain option.Brick on Mtl. Stud. 4. click it to open an edit field. Click to set the endpoint. Walls s 151 . After you create the wall. the dimension updates incrementally. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. 5. To modify a dimension. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Select the Single Line option. Enter 10.

Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. click Create Similar. On the View Control Bar. enter 7. click the Detail Level icon. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Press ENTER. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Depending on your zoom in the view. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. the controls may sit on top of one another. Create panel. Click to start the next wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The wall does not show any internal detail. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen.6. click Modify to stop placing walls. Click the wall. Select panel. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. On the Modify | Walls tab. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 8. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . 7.

9. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. an alignment line displays. Because you drew the wall from up to down. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. notice how the wall joins at the corner. 10. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. release the mouse button to set a new length. no matter where you move the cursor. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that two dimensions display. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Click Modify. Walls s 153 . This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Also.

Select Chain on the Options Bar. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. On the Home tab. Build panel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. click Wall. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 16. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click Cancel. 13. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 12. Select the lower vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. This is the same as clicking Modify. 14. When using the Chain option. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .11. Repeat. 15. Sketch the walls as shown.Walls . Right-click. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays.

Walls s 155 . Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. After clicking the second end. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 19. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 20. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.rvt. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click Modify. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Clear the Chain option. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Create Similar again. In this exercise. 17.18. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Zoom to Fit.

Only part of the wall highlights. 4. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. you first split the walls at the intersections. This exercise illustrates how to split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. trim. To do this. The cursor changes to a razor blade. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . fillet. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. You now remove the upper right corner.rvt from the previous exercise. 2. align. and extend walls. Split Walls 1. Both split walls are shown below. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown.Walls . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Click Modify. 3.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.

Walls s 157 . Modify panel. Select any wall. 2. Create panel. If you make a mistake. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. On the Options Bar. 5. 3. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Walls tab. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You can also click the flip control. On the Modify | Wall tab. Enter 5'. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 4. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). click Undo and repeat the steps. select Radius. Click Fillet Arc.Fillet Walls 1. click Delete. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise.

Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 1. You align the wall in the next steps. 2. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. select Basic Wall: Interior .Walls . The Wall tool is still active.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 3. Place an interior wall as shown. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

4. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Click to create a wall. Walls s 159 . Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s On the Options Bar. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. You can lock the alignment. such as location lines. clear Chain. The Wall Trim Tool 1.

This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. The walls can cross. This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 5. The length is not critical. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the vertical wall as shown.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 4. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 3. This will be the border. Select the two interior walls in turn. 6. 2.Walls .

Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet.7. and trim. Walls s 161 .rvt. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. In this exercise.

2. and vary in cost. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. click Edit Type. 1. Select the Exterior wall as shown. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3. On the Properties palette. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. satisfy different requirements. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. In the Project Browser. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The Modify tool is active by default.

has a Function you can edit. s Click the number of Layer 3. Add two additional layers to the wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 8. Click OK. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. the wall structure should be as shown. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. For Name. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 5. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. 7. Walls s 163 . s Click Up. except Core Boundary. Click Insert twice. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click Down twice. 6. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To edit the structure of the wall. When you are finished. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Every layer of a wall.4. click Edit in the Structure value field.

To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Material to Wood .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. select Finishes . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 13. s Set the Material to Finishes . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.9. Modify the Function. which displays plan or section views. 11.Stud Layer.Exterior . 10. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 12. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Material.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".

14. expand the Families branch. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 15. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. In the Project Browser. Walls s 165 . 17. Click Apply to update the view. On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. From the Detail level list. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. select Medium. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 16.

Expand Walls > Basic Wall. In this exercise. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.Walls . 20. Close the file without saving. 19. defined a new wall structure.18. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Right-click 8" Exterior. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. You opened an existing file. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and replaced existing walls using that new definition. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. From the Type Selector list.

The model opens in a 3D view. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. a structural mid-section. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Stud walls as shown. for example. 3. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.Brick on Mtl. You can define a wall type with these elements. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. In this exercise. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.rvt. 2. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Select one of the Exterior . wood rails. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. and a decorated interior surface. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Be sure to select the wall and not a window.

You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 1. or you will lose your changes. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You change the type. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. in the Structure value field. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. When you split a layer. 8. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. In this exercise. 7. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. As indicated in the dialog box title. Wall structures are Type Properties. either horizontally or vertically. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out.4. 5. 6. To split a layer or region horizontally. You can set the sample height to any value. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. To split a layer or region vertically. You can split regions into other regions. If not already expanded. highlight one of the borders. into regions.Walls . Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 2. so all instances of this type change. To define the structure of the wall. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You can assign different materials to regions. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. click Edit. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Click Split Region.

Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.3. 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. 4. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. The upper split disappears. Click to merge them. assign Layer 1. Click Merge Regions. 2. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Walls s 169 . If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Prehighlight a border between regions. When you merge regions. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . After merge. since both regions are composed of the same layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to split the region into two parts.Brick layer. Click to merge the two layers. 3. In this case.

the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 1. Press ENTER. Click the temporary dimension text. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. click Modify. 3.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 1. In the Edit dialog box. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. to the next parallel line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. To create a new wall layer. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. s Select the split line.Walls . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 3. Next. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 4. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click Insert. 2. The dimension text turns blue. Click again to return to the original position. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. After a region is split. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. 2. If you set the split offset down from the top. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Change the value to 12. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". indicating that it is modifiable. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. instead of down.

6. The preview changes appearance. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Merge Region. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. because it is now the selected layer. When a layer is selected in the table. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. 10. Change the Material to Masonry . Click OK. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. it highlights in blue in the preview window.Brick Soldier Course layer. All walls of this type have been changed. as shown. Split Region. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 7. Click Assign Layers. Click OK. 9. Walls s 171 . The column widths in the table can be adjusted. In this exercise. It also shows a thickness value.4. It immediately highlights in blue. 8. Modify. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected.Brick Soldier Course. 5. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Close the file without saving. and Insert Layer tools. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry .

s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and protected. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. piping. ducting. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. installed.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and insulation. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. earth. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.Walls . but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but also the natural lighting. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the view. the ventilation. Custom types and sizes can also be built. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . An unobstructed opening of 5.Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20". must be provided by the window being used as an egress.7 sq. ft.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and how to position. Doors and Windows s 187 . Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Components such as doors. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. In this unit. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. how to load additional door and window families. s Copy windows. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and math standards. Engineering. Some families are loaded into each empty file. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. you learn how to place doors and windows. technology. s Center a door in a wall. and copy these elements. and furniture are defined in family files. move.

the door swing would be to the left side. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. This can be done in a plan view. 3. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. On the Home tab. or 3D view. Once a door is placed. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. To flip the door. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Open ADA_Doors_Windows. click Door.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. To reverse the swing. Build panel. elevation view.Doors and Windows . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Add Doors 1. 2. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. In other words.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.

3. The display does not change. Doors and Windows s 189 . select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". In order to keep file size small. Click Open.Load Families 1.rfa. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Mode panel. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. on the Modify | Place Door tab. and windows into project files. With the Door command active. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. except for the Type Selector. 2. Select the door Double-Panel 2. From the Type Selector list. click Load Family. walls. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.

Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.4.Doors and Windows . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. From the Type Selector. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 5. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. If necessary. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.

6. To Doors and Windows s 191 . If you place a door in the wrong location. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. or by using the swing control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. Remember. change a temporary dimension. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.

Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .rvt.7.

To face the outside of the window to the other side. On the Home tab. Add Windows 1. click Modify and select the window. Windows have exterior and interior sides. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Build panel.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. approach the wall from the right side. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. or 3D view. You can place windows in a plan view. click Window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. When placing windows in a plan view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Open Unit5_doors. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. elevation view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. 2. From the Type Selector. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . the outside of the window is to the left side.

5. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.rvt. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. you opened an existing project. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. loaded a door family. 4.3. Window tags do not number in sequence. You do not need to add dimensions. placed doors. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . In this exercise.Doors and Windows . Place seven more windows as shown. and placed windows.

To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 .Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. 1. window. click Aligned. 2. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. you open an existing project file. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. s Align and modify walls. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension.rvt. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 3. and so on. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. and modify the wall. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 4. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. On the Annotate tab. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. constrain it to be centered in a wall. place a door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. Dimension panel. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. wall.

Notice the symbol. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click it and it changes as shown. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Align Walls 1. This means that if one wall shifts. Select the upper wall first. 5. Click the right wall. The walls are now aligned. 2. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the center of the door. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click the lock icon to enable it.s s s s Click the left wall. The door changes location. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension.Doors and Windows .

4. The walls shift and remain aligned. 3. Doors and Windows s 197 . (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Clear the EQ Display value. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Dimensions display below it. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. 5. Right-click.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.6. 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.Doors and Windows .rvt. you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.

Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel. Doors and Windows s 199 . 4. In this exercise. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 2. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. On the Modify | Windows tab. especially if there are many different types. 1. click Create Similar.rvt.

200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. On the Modify | Windows tab. Select the window you just placed. Modify panel. 2.Doors and Windows . 4. 3. The window is copied. click Copy.

you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 201 .

The stability of glass in response to wind. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. cold. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat.

32" b. If a room is used for sleeping. 30" c. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. you learned to: s Place doors. 28" b. 34" 4. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Place a window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . a. General Questions 1. Custom 3. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window. Standard b. a. True b. 36" c. s Copy a door or window. 40" d. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 32" d.

Load from Library b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. The center snap 7. Insert d. you use ________. Load c. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Click Flip Direction. b. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. 6. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click Modify > Flip Direction.Doors and Windows . d. a. Properties 3. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. Use door grips to reposition. a. Select the door. d. Select the door. Clone b. Select the door. To change the swing direction of a door: a. you: a. Copy 8. Duplicate d. a. 4. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. To center a door or window in a wall. Click Door Properties. False 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. False 5. To change the location of a door or window. True b. you use: a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Right-click. c. Offset c. Link c. c. A reference plane b. True b. Click Door Properties. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. a. a.

5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. s Create railings. Review stairs and railings. 6. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 3. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .

you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. stair and railing types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the different stair types. After completing this lesson. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.

engineering. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. and Language Arts. Engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . This lesson relates to technology. Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.

Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Due to building code. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".

11" maximum.Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". but not more than 2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .

When you click to establish the start point of stairs. You can define straight runs. s Create U-shaped stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. or tread. s Add a railing. and spiral stairs. This lesson relates to technology. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter.Stairs and Railings . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Create stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). of certain horizontal depth or run. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. engineering.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. ramps. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. To review the list of standards for each lesson. As you move the cursor. Math (STEM). s Modify stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. or vertical circulation. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. which includes elevators. In multistory buildings. The riser and run values update accordingly. For safety reasons. Technology. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. and stairs. U-shaped stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

This enables you to place the stairs properly. you create stairs using a straight run. 3. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. On the Properties palette. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. This file is in metric units. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.rvt. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. Stairs and Railings s 217 .change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.

These tools are used to define your stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Stairs.Stairs and Railings . On the Home tab.4. Click OK to close the dialog box. Circulation panel. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). In this case. Run is preselected. you create a straight run. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 5. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The cursor changes to a crosshairs.

You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. On the Mode panel. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. 7. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Select this intersection point to start your run. To change the run dimension. You can continue to move the cursor up. 10.6. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. As you move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. You can also enter a distance of 4400. If you have not fully created the run. and then click to define the run of stairs. 8. 9. the run footprint stops expanding. select Finish (green check). The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.

Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. To avoid overwriting the original file. 13. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.rvt. 12.11. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. and switched to a 3D view. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. you created and placed a straight run stair. click application menu > Save As > Project.

The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Stairs and Railings s 221 . click Align. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Edit panel. Level 1. The stair is not centered on the landing. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. On the Modify tab. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Activate view Floor Plans. 2. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.rvt. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.

If you have a scroll mouse. Take time to make the selections correctly. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . Click the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Align command remains active.4. 5. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. On the Options Bar. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. from the Prefer list.

study the instance parameters under the Constraints. In the Project Browser. railings were created with the stairs. 8. Graphics. 7. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. expand Sections (Building Section). 9. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. On the Properties palette. Hover the cursor over the railing. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. enter Lobby Stairs. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . s Click Duplicate. Change Width to 1350. and Dimensions subsections. s For Name. On the Properties palette. As you prehighlight them. Select the stairs. s Click OK.6. click Edit Type.

Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Select both railings.10. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Cherry s s Click Modify. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Lobby Stair View. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .

Next. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Mode panel. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. The stair changes to the run sketch.12. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 13. s Zoom in on the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Click it to select it. s Select the stairs (not a railing). you change the shape of the stairs. click Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The railings change. In the Type Selector. 14. Delete this line.

click Boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Click Modify. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. To place the second arc endpoint. 16. s On the Modify panel. 19. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 18. Click to place the arc. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click the left end of the top riser. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 17. s Select the arc boundary you just created.Stairs and Railings . On the Draw panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.15. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.

First. 20. For the third point. Next. Click to exit the Mirror command. On the Draw panel.21. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Delete the first (bottom) riser line. The left boundary will be mirrored. Click CenterEnds-Arc. This will define a rounded first step. the arc center point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. click Riser.

click Finish. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. In this exercise. On the Mode panel. Open the {3D} view to see the results.rvt. you modified stair properties and boundaries.22.

place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. In this case. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you sketch the plan view path. you add a railing to a second floor landing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. 3.rvt from the previous exercise. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Click Modify. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Therefore. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Select the right side railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you need to define a path for the railing. This is typically done in plan view. 2. The completed exercise To create a railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. For simple railings. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.

You do not need to add dimensions. on the Modify | Railings tab. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. s s On the Options Bar. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. click Line. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Then. click Edit Path. 6. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall.Stairs and Railings . Once the railing is selected. To set the exact distance. On the Draw panel. select Chain. edit the temporary dimension.4. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. Mode panel. 7.

Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.rvt.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. 9. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. you used sketch tools to create a railing. In this exercise. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete your lines and try again.

The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Create a Reference Plane 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. s On the Options Bar.rvt from the previous exercise. In this exercise. In a floor plan view. 2. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the stairs appear as a U-shape. s On the Home tab. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. you create a reference plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.Stairs and Railings . set the Offset value to 850. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Work Plane panel. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.

Click Edit Type. To start sketching the run. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice. 4. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. For Name. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Pull the cursor straight up. Matte 2. Click OK. Circulation panel. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Gray. click Stairs. 3. On the Home tab. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 5. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. enter Exit Stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 .s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. 6.

The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Click to place the first run. 8. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.7. Press ENTER. Move the pointer to the right. 9.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Click to finish the stair run. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. enter 1925. with none remaining to be created.

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Stairs panel. you select Continue to return the sketch. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. On the View Control bar. If you get an error message. To remove the lines. Remove the additional lines. it is because you have overlapping lines. 11. 2. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click Finish Stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. You want to inspect your stairs.10. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. but they are hidden behind walls. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Click Finish Stairs again.

change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.3. The walls are now hidden. 5. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. you learned to create a reference plane. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. In this exercise. 4. and to create a U-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings . The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Reset the Display 1. 3. This is a multistory stair. 2. On the View Control Bar. Select the stairs so they highlight. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The exterior walls reappear. On the Properties palette. Finally. Zoom in to see your stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 6.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps.

s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Stairs and Railings . require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They cost less. Include landings as required by your local building code.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. and deliver riders without wait time. this openness makes them fire hazards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. smoke guards. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but they can also be highly decorative. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.

Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. True b. General Questions 1. True b. 32" c. a. 90 degrees d. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. b. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. s Modify stair boundaries. s Create railings. 36" d. and all treads should be the same run.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. 40" 4. a. 30" b. False 2. you learned to: s Create stairs. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 45 degrees c. 25 degrees b. 180 degrees 3.

Railings. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. True b. a. Run. Home b. riser d. You can apply materials to different stair components. False 6. a. Modify c. Pick New Host b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing.Stairs and Railings . To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Arc d. Fasten Railing 5. you use the _______ option. Line b. riser lines c. Boundary lines. Insert 2. Align Railing d. a. risers b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Circle 4. Rectangle c. a. a. True b. that is. risers and treads. Treads. risers 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Manage d. Attach Railing c.

Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 9. (Student) 4. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Review of roof types. Evaluate Students. s Place gutters. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 8. s Define a roof structure. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 7. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 6.

as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. After completing this lesson. and pitch of a sloped roof.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and downspouts. run. Calculate the rise. tiles. gutters. Identify the different roof types. roof types. It addresses roof construction. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.Roofs . A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.

Math (STEM). Technology. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. and math standards.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Rake: The inclined. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

and color. rot. and sunlight. and if visible. resistance to wind and fire.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and sun. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Sloped roofs. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. snow. the roofing pattern. resistance to wind and fire. are designed for shedding water and snow. About Roofs s 245 . both low and steep. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. You can use them for many different applications. brands. maintenance. maintenance. and colors. They come in several types. and color. texture. durability. as well as how effective a shelter it is. durability. and low maintenance roofing material. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and if visible. the roofing pattern. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. fire-resistant. texture. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. These are used more often on upscale homes. resulting in at least one textured face.

A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. reinforced plastic. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. quality. They are fire-resistant. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. and require little maintenance. or corrugated structural glass.Roofs . s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. and so forth). the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. Therefore. treatment for insects. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). In a house with a cathedral ceiling. galvanized steel. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. choose a type that will suit your needs. durable. and insulating capability (R-value). a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. odor. galvanized steel. This same roof on a clear. special characteristics (for example. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. Unfortunately. zinc alloy. consider such factors as cost. fiberglass. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains.

the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing.Roofs . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Shed One basic face with a slope. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Roofs .

Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. where as. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. run. A number indicates the value of the rise.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch.

7 on 12. 7 and 12.When designing a roof. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 to 12. 7-12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.Roofs . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. dormers. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. you work with massing shapes and not building components. or ice. To create a roof by face. that convey rainwater to drains. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. water. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create various roof types. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Place gutters. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or roof overhangs. soffits. s Assign roof structure and materials. you can add gutters. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. and fascia. snow. or eaves. s Create a roof fascia. often supporting a gutter. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Create a hip roof. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Once you create a roof. Roofs s 255 .

Roofs . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Math (STEM). 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open ADA_Roofs. To create an extruded roof. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . select the Name option..Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. In the Work Plane dialog box. 2. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Click OK to continue. 4. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 3. you create an extruded roof.

Draw panel. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. click Line.Roofs . 6. Click Open View. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 4. click Ref Plane. Drawing Reference Planes 1. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 3. select Section: Section 1. On the Work Plane panel.5. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. The section view should display as shown. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". s Use the image below for guidance. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Go To View dialog box. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.

5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click Modify.6. Using a positive offset value. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using the image below for guidance. s Select the new dimension.

Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 3. 7. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Right-click. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 5. for Name. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. On the Mode panel. s On the Options Bar. On the Properties palette. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 2. enter Horizontal. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 1.Roofs . Click OK. click Line. 4. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click Modify. click Finish (green check). click Chain. 6. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you can label them.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view.12" type. 9. Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8.

carefully select the far right roof edge.Roofs . Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 3. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. Edit Geometry panel. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 1. On the Modify tab. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Using the images for guidance. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. Select the edge of the roof as shown. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. This is a two-step process. click Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.

hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. open the view Sections: Section 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. Roofs s 263 . select Attach Wall: Top. This will join the wall tops to the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. To select both walls together.4. On the Options Bar. However. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Select the roof. Select both walls. In the Project Browser. Trim Walls 1. 2. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. 3.

In this exercise.rvt. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 5. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.4. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. The roof now looks correct.

Unit7_first_roof. so you look straight down as in a plan. a dialog box is displayed. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view.rvt. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 1. from existing walls. select Garage Roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Build panel. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. On the Home tab. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 4.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. In this exercise. by Footprint. Because you are in a 3D view. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Click Yes. 3. From the drop-down list.

To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Use the image below for guidance. 8. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. s On Options Bar. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. click Pick Walls. 6. select the vertical wall on the left. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . If you place a line on the wrong side. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.0". s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Next. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. clear the Defines slope option. 7. click Defines Slope.Roofs .

2. 1. click Finish. To complete the roof. Select the right side roof line. By default. The new roof displays. That value displays next to the slope arrow. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. change the value to 6"/12". Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Roofs s 267 . roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. It becomes an editable field. Other controls also display. click Yes. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Select the left slope defining line. Change this value to 6"/12". When a roof line is set to slope defining. 3. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Click Modify. Click the 9"/12" text. defining lines separately.

5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.4. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.Roofs .

click to select them. To chain-select all of the walls. 4.rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Clear Defines Slope. Build panel. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. When all of the walls prehighlight. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". Roofs s 269 . The file opens to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 2. On the Options Bar. 3. On Home tab. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.

As an alternate. verify the 0' 0" Offset. click Rectangle. On the Draw panel. Using the image for guidance. 2. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Create a Roof Opening 1. 3. Right-click. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. On the Options Bar. 4. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Zoom into the chimney area.Roofs . sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.

Select the uppermost. The slope indicator displays. 4. 5. On the Options Bar. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. select Defines Slope. 6. click Yes. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. As in the previous exercise. Select the left lower horizontal line. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. 3. horizontal line. Roofs s 271 . 2.Add Slope Lines 1. Click Modify. Click Finish.

7. attached walls. In this exercise. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. and chimney penetration. 8.Roofs . 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.rvt.

0". Select the three walls shown in the image.rvt. Roofs s 273 . The file should open to a 3D view. 5. 4. set Overhang to 2' . Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Build panel. 2. Select Defines Slope. Create the Roof 1. 3. Zoom into the area shown. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. you create a hip roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise.

In addition. Right-click the ViewCube. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Switch to a 3D View. On the Properties palette. Click Finish to complete the roof. 6. 2. click Line. you use the Line tool. s s Clear Defines Slope. 3. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.0". To close the roof sketch. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click OK. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.Roofs . Raise the Roof 1. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. s On the Draw panel. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.

Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.

2.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt.

Roofs s 277 . click Pick Walls. click Line. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 4. Create a Shed Roof 1. 5.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. you create a shed roof using the footprint method.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. 3. Clear Defines Slope. On the Draw panel. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 7. 6. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 2.

13. On the Properties palette. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Set the Offset to 0' 0". Select the lower. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Click Modify. 10.8. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 9. 12. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 11.Roofs . Right-click the line.

In this exercise. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Click OK. Switch to a 3D view. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16. 17. Finish the Roof. click Yes.rvt. 18.14. Roofs s 279 . Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 15.

5. Activate the view North Elevation. You see four levels defined in the model. 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Cutoff Level list.rvt. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Select the Roof. select Level 3.Roofs . Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 2.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 4. The roof updates. Open the Default 3D view. On the menu bar.

Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 8. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 11. select Defines Slope.6. Roofs s 281 . In this exercise. On the Draw panel. Zoom and spin to see your model. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Options Bar. 9. On the Home tab. on the Properties palette. 12. Switch to a 3D View. set the slope value to 3"/12".rvt. 13. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. To set the slope for the new roof. 10. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 7. Finish the Roof. click Pick Lines.

The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Select the main roof over the house. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 3. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 1. thereby reducing energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Roofs .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view. In the Type Selector. 2.rvt. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .

It is a generic roof type. Select Layer 2 as shown. For Structure Value. 5. 4. Click Insert to add a layer. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Roofs s 283 . s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Edit. s Click OK. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Name. 2. enter Clay Tile. Select the roof over the garage. click Edit Type.Define a Roof Structure 1. click Duplicate. 3.

s Click OK. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 6.Roofs .rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". In the Fill Pattern dialog box. select Model. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 7. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.s s s In the Materials dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 8. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Click OK twice. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

In this exercise. to support a gutter. On the Home tab. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. or for decoration. In the Open dialog box. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 2. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. Click Open. On the Insert tab. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.rvt. Roofs s 285 . A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. 4. click Roof > Fascia.rfa.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. 3.

enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. For Name. Click Duplicate. Set the Material value to Metal . click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 6. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. for Profile.Roofs .5. Matte.Paint Finish Ivory. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click OK.

Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Roofs s 287 . 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise.

Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. The completed exercise 4. under Profile parameter. 2.Roofs . To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. On the Home tab. Click OK. click Edit Type. For Name. 3. select Gutter . click Roof > Gutter. s Click Duplicate.rvt.Bevel: 5" x 5". Under Material parameter. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK. 5. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 1. Place Gutters In this exercise. 6. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you add gutters to a building.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. select Metal Aluminum. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Segments will clean up at corners.rvt. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. If you click the interior face. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 9.7. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 8. 11. 10. In this exercise. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Roofs s 289 . you attached gutters to a roof. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.

Roofs . water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat. and cold.

s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. General Questions 1. Medium c. When referring to roof slope. Low b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Define a roof structure. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place fascia. Shed 4. a. False 2. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. True b. s Place gutters. True b. None of the above 3. Hip c. Gable b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . the run is always 12. Gambrel d. High d. a. a.

Roofs can be created using ______. d. True b. lines c. A compound roof contains layers. Add Slope b. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. False 5. Activate Slope 9. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 10. Footprint. Face 3. Turn slopes on or off. Sketch c. place a check mark next to: a. a. DEL d. Footprint. Expand/Contract 6. False 7. a. ______ or _______. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. a. SHIFT c. c. Sketch. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Defines Slope c. True b. Material 8. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Cut/Lengthen c. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. TAB b. a. Change the direction of the slope. Create Slope d. Footprint b. a. b. Walls d. a. extrusion. Walls. pick d. Change the direction of the roof. ENTER 4. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Footprint b. face b. Trim/Extend b. sketch. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Create an opening. Slope c. Extrusion d. To add a slope to a roofline. a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. profile. profile 2. True b. extrusion. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Lesson Plan 1. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create material annotations. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.

A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. cabinetry. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. the location of special equipment. bathrooms. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. and tool racks. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. the kitchen. In a commercial structure.Sections and Elevations . Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. In a residential building. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Sections are used to examine the roof. floor. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . After completing this lesson. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and special equipment. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). technology. and Language Arts. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Engineering. engineering. and math standards.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . framing. across its narrower dimension. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. on the long axis of the building. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). and foundation plans.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor.Sections and Elevations . t Cross or transverse sections. and are properly cross-referenced.

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. unnecessary. such as framing connections and foundation details. full. and steel.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

Sections and Elevations . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. such as doors and windows. For larger elevations. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).

Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. quantity. Therefore. For siding. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. The size of the object is listed first. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. South. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. this is reversed. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site." Mfr.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. cars. or methods of installation. followed by any additional information about spacing. the titles assigned (North. For example. and so forth. shadows. With interior elevations. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. however. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. East. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . For a wood structure. and then the name of the material. Unnecessary Information Shades. You may. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. people. bushes. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces.

and other appliances. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. or decorative patterns. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. or a baseboard. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. chamfers. doors. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. or MDF. Molding is usually made of plaster. Hinges are concealed. and materials used. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. dishwashers. This is more costly than regular overlay. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. flush overlay. shelf arrangements. coving. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. It can also be used around doorways and windows. wood. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. and types of finish materials used. and special equipment such as toilets. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall.Sections and Elevations . It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. tile. other openings. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. or linoleum) and the wall. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. The trim is usually glued into place. casements. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. and lip. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. This is usually done using a topset. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. doors and direction of door swings. It may have curves. which is a formed pressboard. windows. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood.

Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. which you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. s Change the section head. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Add slope annotations. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Place a section view on a sheet. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create an interior elevation. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Create and add notes to a detail section. and a section symbol on all plans. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates.

This lesson relates to science. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. A section is a horizontal view. engineering. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. like an elevation. Engineering. Math (STEM). Once created.Sections and Elevations . Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. and math standards. and Language Arts.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . or other section view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. elevation. provided its crop region intersects the view.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . it includes a crop region to resize the view.

s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Add breaklines as needed. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. s Add detail notes. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Once you create the detail section. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add structural details. which is spoken as 2 in 12. tracing over the existing elements. The slope is the ratio rise:run. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. such as anchor bolts and siding. Slope is also referred to as pitch. In a set of construction documents. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. So. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. In the example shown.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. the slope of this roof is 2:12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Details are crucial for effective construction.

try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The file opens to a 3D view. Create panel. click Section.rvt. Create a Section View 1. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. On the View tab. 2. The Section command is available from the View tab. 4. The completed exercise 6. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the file ADA_Sections. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 3. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise.

s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The actual location is not critical. Section Properties 1. With the section line selected. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. 2. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. 3. and it has control grips to resize it. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. This is called the crop region. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols.

The view is listed in your Project Browser. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The section view updates. you automatically created a section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Sections and Elevations s 313 . In the Properties palette. In this exercise. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.rvt. Clear Crop Region Visible.4. 6. 5. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. When you drew the section line. 7.

click Load Family.No Arrow. Click Open to load the family. enter Open Arrow. 7. 5. Settings panel.rvt. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. 3. 4. On the Insert tab. The view does not change.Filled. In the Type Properties dialog box. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Additional Settings > Section Tags. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.rfa. click Duplicate. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. On the Manage tab. 2.Sections and Elevations . 6.1 point Filled. They include Section Head . The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Select Section Head-Open. Load from Library panel. and Section Head . Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Click OK. Several section head families are available. In this exercise. For Name.

10. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. For Section Head. select Open Arrow. 13. 12. On the Properties palette. Click OK. In the Section Tag field. enter Open Arrow. 14. In this exercise. The section head updates to the new head type. 11. Select the section line. click Edit Type. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. select Section Head . Click OK.8.rvt. For Name.Open. 9. Click Duplicate. Sections and Elevations s 315 .

Sections and Elevations . On the Options Bar. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. On the View tab. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. select the border of the callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 3. 5. This is a building section.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". click Callout. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Create panel. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. To reposition the callout head. Use the image below for guidance.rvt. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 2. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 6.

You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall.7. as shown. detail components. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. On the Options Bar. You can add detail lines. 8. click Region > Filled Region. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Annotate tab. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view.rvt. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. but not strongly. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. region patterns. 3. 1. Line is selected automatically. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Detail panel. 2. 4. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. select Chain. Sections and Elevations s 317 .

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Select the upper and right side lines.5. On the Properties palette. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click OK. 7. 6. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. For Name.Sections and Elevations . enter Earth.

Click OK. From the Fill Pattern list. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 2. the pattern becomes visible. select Finish (green check).Section. Detail panel. Detail panel.rfa. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. 1. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. On the Annotate tab. If you zoom in closer. Click Open. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 9. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Place Detail Component tab. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 3.8. On the Mode panel. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. click Component > Detail Component. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. click Load Family.

From the Type Selector.4. Click OK. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. In the Specify Types dialog box. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 5.Sections and Elevations . Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

7. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list. 8. Move it after placement if necessary. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Using the image below for guidance. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.6.

Use the image below for guidance. select anchor bolt. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 12. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Select the vertical plywood. Place the component similarly to the image below. Click Component > Detail Component. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 11. set the Thickness to 3/4". The exact vertical placement is not critical. 10. This component represents the subflooring. From the Type Selector. On the Properties palette. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.9.

On the Modify panel of the context tab. Add another Detail Component. select Lap Siding. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Copy. select Multiple. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. Use the image below for guidance. 14.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start at the end of the siding. Detail panel. 16. From the Line Style Selector. Save the file. 2. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.Sections and Elevations . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Add Detail Lines 1.15. select Wide Lines. On the Annotate tab. click Detail Line. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out.3. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 4. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 .

326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. On the Annotate tab. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Insulation. Right-click. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 9. Add Insulation 1. 2. The wall display updates. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 8. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Select the wall so it highlights. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Next. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 7. Click Modify. 10. identified as Wall material 1. Save the file. select the Material field in row 3.Sections and Elevations .6. Detail panel.

Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Your view should resemble the image shown. From the Type Selector. select Break Line. 3. 1. click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 327 .2. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. On the Annotate tab.

6. The view should resemble the image shown. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Click Zoom to Fit.4. detail lines. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides.Sections and Elevations . 5. 7. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Place the breakline as shown. The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. You place another breakline. In this exercise. and detail components to it. To complete the detail.

3. The border around the view will disappear. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. s Clear Annotation Crop.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 1. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The size of the object is listed first. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 2. weatherproofing.rvt. or methods of installation. With nothing selected in the view. To add notes. quantity.

click Text.4" WEATHERING. 6. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. On the Annotate tab. Move the pointer up 11. As you pull your cursor to the right. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. On the Format panel. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Finally. click Two Segments.Sections and Elevations . Text panel. 9. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 10. 8. 5. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. leader arrow as shown. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. R13.4. 12. 7. insulation. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. From the Type list.

Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. is an acronym for On Center. Click ENTER to start a second line of text.. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.C. 14..C. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.C. . Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. as the second line of text. 16. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 18. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 . or wood treated with preservative against rot. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Click off the text to finish the entry. 20. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 17. CONT is short for Continuous.13.C. 19. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the interior wall.TYPE X. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 5/8" GWB . O. Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the floorboard. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. 15.

Sections and Elevations . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click ENTER to start a second line. In this exercise. 23.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 22. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 21. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .rvt. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Modify. Note: CONC signifies concrete..

3. In this exercise. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. and locate the detail view on it.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail.rvt. you will want to add the views to a sheet. In the Project Browser. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. section. 2. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 5. Sections and Elevations s 333 . In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Click Open. Click New Sheet. Locate the A-Landscape. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Highlight your title block. or elevation view. Right-click. highlight Sheets. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 6. click Load. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. The new sheet becomes the current view.

close to the crop border. click Hide Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together. 9.7.Sections and Elevations . You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. Select a Level Line. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Click the control at its left end. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. click Show Crop Region. Drag it to the right. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. In the Project Browser.

enter Detail at Foundation Sill. you: s Created a new sheet. Right-click. For Name. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. For Number. highlight the new sheet. Click Zoom to Fit. Sections and Elevations s 335 . In the Project Browser. In this exercise.301. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click Rename.rvt. 13.10. s Modified the label values in the title block. 12. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 11. Click OK. enter S. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.

Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. 3.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click OK. 6. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. When you create a project with a template. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). south. It is defined by the green dotted line.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Set the display for building components as needed. four elevation views are included: north. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 4. and west. s Add material notes.Sections and Elevations . s Add any necessary dimensions. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click the Annotations tab. Select Elevations. east. Open ADA_Elevations. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. The elevation markers are now visible. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. Right-click. s Add slope indication for roof.

Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Next. On the Annotations tab. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. clear Sections. On the Modelling tab. 3. clear Planting. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.2. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 4. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Sections and Elevations s 337 . 5.

Select Sand. Click the button that displays to select a material. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 11. select Edit in the Structure field.rvt. 10. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette.7. click Edit Type. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 12. Click Zoom to Fit. click to open the list. In this exercise. Select the wall. you activated an elevation view. It will be identified as Condo . 13. modified its display. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 9.Exterior Stucco. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.Sections and Elevations . and modified the wall display characteristics. Select the Material field for Layer 1. In Surface Pattern. 8.

Add a note for the stone wall. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Sections and Elevations s 339 . In the Type Selector. or methods of installation. The size of the object is listed first.rvt. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 3. 2. 4.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 5. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Enter TX. Add a note for the foundation.

In this exercise. Add a note for the roof. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.6. Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. 8. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. Add a note for the exterior stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations . 7.

Dimension panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. On the Options Bar. enter 1/8". select Triangle. 1. 4.rvt. 3. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. On the Annotate tab.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 5. Click to select the roof line. For Offset from Reference. from the Slope Representation list. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 2. click Spot Slope. 6.

Click to select the roof line. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 10.7. Click to locate the slope indicator. 11. Dimension panel. 9. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. click Aligned. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.Sections and Elevations .

leaders. In this exercise. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.12. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.rvt. 13. 14. and dimensions for clarity. Sections and Elevations s 343 . It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. slope indicators. The west elevation now contains material notes. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Arrange notes. select wall breaks and levels. and vertical dimensions.

locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Highlight the view. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. 3. In this exercise. equipment rooms. This view was already defined in the drawing. dimensions.rvt. Right-click. Click Find Referring Views. kitchens. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. 2. and cabinetry. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.Sections and Elevations . or special features that may not show clearly in plans. special closets. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Open View. In the Project Browser.

This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Right-click. 5. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. s s s s Click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. click OK. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. In the Name box. Dimension panel. Clear Use Project Settings. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click Aligned. 6. Sections and Elevations s 345 . 7. Select Suppress 0 Feet. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active.4. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".

10.9. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Using the Text and Dimension tools. detail the interior section.rvt. You modified a dimension style. In this exercise. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations .

is always the true orientation. Cabinetry d. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. it depends. Not in Contract c. General Questions 1. s Create a section view. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. 4. s Create material annotations. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The direction the structure is facing. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The direction the viewer is facing. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. b. Nobody in Charge d. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. b. c. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. False 3. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. s Create slope annotations. True b. Walls c. such as north. Show the relationships between elements. 2. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Not in Concrete b. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The orientation of the exterior elevation. d. c. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. All of the above 5. Either one. All of the above.

Click Add View. you use: a. The detail level of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. click Sheet Composition > View. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The boundaries of the view. Right-click. a. b. b and c. but not a 6. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. d. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Which elevation is it? a. False 2. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. d. a. c. 4.Sections and Elevations .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. East b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. The height of the view. Sun and Shadow b. True b. The Visual Style of the view. West c. b. On the View tab. The dotted line indicates: a. True b. False 5. South d. North 3. c. Element properties c.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. s Load a schedule tag. Lesson Plan 1. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . Review Schedules. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . s Reformat a schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 4.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 3. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

such as reference number. Technology. and math standards. technology. and thickness. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. height. engineering. Some of these building objects include.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Engineering. About Schedules s 351 . width.

Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. However. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Like schedules. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . A circle. Other letters are P for plumbing.Schedules . However. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. E for electrical. window. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and A for appliances. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Using the software. The following image shows door. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. hexagon.

s Create a room schedule. hardware. This lesson relates to science. Project templates include preset schedules. s Add room tags. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. rooms. Schedules s 355 . Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export a schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. technology. and you can create your own schedules. Technology. Engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules list items such as doors. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Math (STEM).Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. equipment. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. and math standards. materials. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. windows.

Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. and you set the schedule to display totals. 2. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Schedules . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.

6. Type Mark. Click Add.s Window Tag 5. Level. 7. 4. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Height. On the View tab. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. In Available Fields. Schedules s 357 . Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Add Count. Select Windows from the list. and Width. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. select Comments. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 3.

Select the fields. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. from left to right. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.8. Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules . 9. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Select Blank Line. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet. Schedules s 359 . 1.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. From the Sort By list. 2. 3. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. select Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.

The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. In order to calculate the total number of windows. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Notice how the schedule has changed. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. select Level. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. you can have the schedule report this. in this case). 2. 1. 4. clear Itemize Every Instance. click Edit.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. in the Then By sorting field. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. for Sorting/ Grouping. On the Properties palette. 3. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.Schedules . Rather than make a manual calculation. In the Project Browser. click the schedule name.

click Edit 7. Schedules s 361 . select Footer.rvt. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Title. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. On the Properties palette. From the list. 6. and Totals. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. In this exercise. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Set the schedule to display category totals. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Count. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. The totals for each window type now display.5.

occupancy. 3. click Room > Room. 4. Room size.rvt. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. click Overwrite the Existing Version.Schedules .rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. floor type. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. based on the amount of space in each room. Room & Area panel. 2. On the Home tab. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Click Open. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 5. Locate the file named Room Tag. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. In this exercise. ceiling type. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.

select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. click Room > Room Separation Line. 6. and in the hall as shown. 8. On the Home tab.In the Type Selector. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. a total of 7. 7. Schedules s 363 . The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Room & Area panel. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.

s Click the Room text.9. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The area value for Room 7 updates. 11. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. An edit box activates. 13. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Change the word Room to Manager. Place a room tag below the room separation line. On the Room & Area panel. 10.Schedules . Select Room #2. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Modify. The cursor changes to sketch mode. click Room. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The room tag updates. 12.

15. In this exercise. On the Properties palette.14.rvt. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Added a room separation. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag. for Name. s Tagged various objects. enter Sales. Schedules s 365 . Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.

Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. In the Available Fields pane. Click OK. Name. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Create panel.Schedules . Set the Sort By value to Number. 2. select Number. On the View tab. Create a Room Schedule 1. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. and Area to be included in your schedule. 6. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. The New Schedule dialog box displays. The completed exercise 5.rvt. Click Add--> after each selection. 4. For Name. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 3. enter Square Footage Report.

Change the Heading to No. Select Grand Totals. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Select Title and Totals from the list. Click OK. clear Use Project Settings. 9. s Set Alignment to Right. s Select Calculate Totals. 8. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Area field.7. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. In the Format dialog box. s Click Field Format. 10. Highlight the Number field. Click the Formatting tab. Schedules s 367 .

Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you: s Created a room schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. 12.rvt.11.Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

6. 5. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 3. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. locate the file you created. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 4.rvt. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. you export the room schedule to a text file. Note the formatting that has been applied.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. The file is created. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Click Save. Click OK. Using your Windows Explorer. On the application menu. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters.txt) file. Browse to a directory to save your report. Schedules s 369 . click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. You can then use this file in other applications. Double-click it to open it. 2.

You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .7. In this exercise. Close the text file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.Schedules . 8.

A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. a. b. Questions 1. Matrix d. False 4. s Export a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. What is a schedule table? a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . True b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. A list of sheets used in a project. c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Type b. True b. Instance 3. s Load a schedule tag. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. a. None of the above. A list of information that defines specific building objects. s Reformat a schedule. d. s Place a schedule tag. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. 2. Quantity c.

Application menu d. CSV d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. To export a schedule. use the ____ . a. Home d. View c. Manage tab 3.Schedules . Modify 2. XLS c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Annotate b. a. TXT b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. View tab c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Annotate tab b.

5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 2. Review Visualization. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. Lesson Plan 1. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.

s Create and edit a walkthrough. or camera on a path. s Place a camera.Visualization . and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. s Export a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Play a walkthrough. s Add planting components. s Export an FBX file. Math (STEM). Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The animation file can be played in any media player. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Assign materials. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Finally. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. you create a walkthrough. Engineering. Technology. s Apply shading to a view. s Create a raytrace rendering. After completing this lesson. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit.

Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Open Unit2_custom_family. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. To prepare your model for rendering. You worked on animations. s s 2. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Assign materials. s Make a camera view the active view. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1.

The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 4.Visualization . Select any exterior wall. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The walls now display layers of materials. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The wall display updates. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. If you do not see any change in the wall display. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Stud. Select one of the exterior walls. Right-click. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5.3. 6.

you can: s s s 9.7. Visualization s 377 . 10. In addition to using the control arrows. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Select the toposurface object. 8. Select Site: Grass. Repeat the process for the windows. Right-click. Open the Default 3D view. Select walls. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click Change wall's orientation. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.

378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and click Open. Note the file location. click Import > Import. click Export > FBX.FBX).11. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. On the application menu. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. select Autodesk (*. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. Open 3ds Max Design.rvt. Select the Roof.Visualization . Depending on your system resources. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 3. 12. for Files of type. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Select the file name. 2. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you have completed this exercise. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Save the file as Unit10_Export.

Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Open or return to Revit.4. Visualization s 379 . In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Depending on your system resources. If necessary. click Next. 3. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 2. On the application menu. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1.rvt. There is no way to update it from Revit. Note the file location. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. open Unit10_Export. you have completed this exercise. Close the file without saving. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.

Close the File Link Manager. 7. 8. In the File Link Manager . Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. If necessary. click References > File Link Manager.4. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. Open or return to Revit. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. click File. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.max. open Unit10_Export. Open 3ds Max Design.rvt. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Click Open. Select the file name. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.Visualization . 6. 9. Select two windows as shown.

Visualization s 381 . Save the file. 11. 13. The windows have updated. Open the 3D view. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. On the application menu. In the dialog box. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before.10. Save the export file using the same name as before. 12.

15. s Close the File Link Manager. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. In this exercise. The windows have changed. s Changed a material definition. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.14. Open the Files tab. s Click Reload. s Oriented walls and windows.Visualization . Open the File Link Manager. The linked file updates. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.

click Camera. 2. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. On the View tab. add plantings to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. generate a rendering.rvt. Open Unit10_Export. you place a camera in a model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Create panel. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Open the Site view. Place a Camera 1. In this exercise. and create a second rendering. 3. If you place the camera too close to the model. change materials. as shown.

select Very Few Clouds. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. If necessary. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Open the Site view again.Visualization . The camera will be visible. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. click Show Rendering Dialog. Return to the perspective view. 2.4. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Right-click. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. On the View Control Bar. The camera perspective view opens. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 7. 5. Click Show Camera. Render Setup 1. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust.

3. Model Site panel. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Visualization s 385 .3. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. click Site Component. Enhance the Model 1. Open the Site view. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. and Lighting. s Click Render. On the Massing & Site tab.30' approximately as shown. Click Render. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Open view 3D View 1. Output Settings. 2.

In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Rendering dialog box. 3. 5. click OK. Change Materials 1. 5. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. select Roofing . In the Save to Project dialog box.Wood Shake.4. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Edit in the Structure field. click Show the Model. 6. click Edit Type. Revit places the image in its own view. In the Materials list. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. and you can now select elements for editing. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. The model displays in the view. 4. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. 2. On the Properties palette. click Save to Project.Visualization . Select an exterior wall.

Click Replace. Visualization s 387 .10. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. Select the icon next to Masonry . 9. Click the Render Appearance tab.

s Edited materials in model components. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view. s Created a raytrace setup. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Generated and captured a render image.11.Brick Uniform Running Brown.rvt. These images are now available as options to present to a client. click Save to Project. 12. Select Masonry . Save the file as Unit10_render. In this exercise. In the Rendering dialog box. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Placed site planting components in the model.Visualization . 14. In the Rendering dialog box. 16. 13. 15. click Render.

s Right-click. Each view. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Open floor plan view Level 1. and exported individually. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Click Zoom Out (2x). In this exercise. or frame. s Edit the camera and path. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s View the animation in a media player. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.rvt. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. s Right-click again. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The camera and path can be edited. 4. The cursor changes to a crosshair. rendered. 3. Create panel. click to the left of the model as shown. To place a key frame. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit10_render.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. or walkthroughs. Visualization s 389 . in a project model. s On the View tab. click 3d View > Walkthrough. 2. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1.

On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 7. The camera is located on the final key frame. Walkthrough panel. The Options Bar changes. 8. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Edit Walkthrough. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 6. 11. click Finish Walkthrough.Visualization . Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. Drag it to the left. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Select the direction control for the camera. 10. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 9. On the Modify | Cameras tab.5.

Check the view in several key frames. click Next Key Frame. If camera positions distort. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Drag the path away from the model as shown. 13. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Visualization s 391 . Click Open. Click Edit Walkthrough. From the Controls list. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. On the Walkthrough panel. 2. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path.12. The path displays control dots at key frames. 3.

2. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click Play. 3. select a video compression method to hold down file size.Visualization . Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. File Name. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click OK. Click Save. Revit generates the external AVI file. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. click OK.Play the Walkthrough 1. On the application menu. In the Length/Format dialog box.rvt. Export the Walkthrough 1. notice where you save the file. In the Video Compression dialog box. 2. 4. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.

It plays in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6. Plan your class time accordingly.5. Double-click the new file name. Visualization s 393 .

s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. In this exercise. s Edited the path. s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization . 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . save the Revit Architecture file.7. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. If you have made changes to the building model.

s Export an FBX file.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Save As > FBX c. Print to File b. Flip Orientation d. s Play a walkthrough. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. you use: a. a. s Add planting components. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. False 2. True b. Export > FBX 3. True b. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Export a walkthrough. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 395 . To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Split b. View > Shading d. a. s Apply shading to a view. s Place a camera. Align c. s Assign materials. s Orient walls and windows. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you use: a. a. Demolish 2. s Export a DWG file.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. beams and braces. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. foundations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. and braces. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beam systems. 5. Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. In the following exercises. you learn how to place structural columns. Lesson Plan 1. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 6.

398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.Structural . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and other structural elements will be located in a building. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

and other building objects. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Knowing where structural members.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural .

Place beam systems and braces. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Create column grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. Structural s 401 . After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Technology. Math (STEM).

They come in types defined by size and shape. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. 1. On the View Control Bar. click Column > Structural Column. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.Structural . 3. In this exercise. Beams connect columns or walls. beams can be steel. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. 2. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Open Deck Framing. or reinforced concrete. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns.Hide Category. Structural columns can be steel. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. or concrete. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. spans without walls. Select a floor. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Temporary Hide/Isolate . wood. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. As with columns. In residential construction. this is known as post and beam construction. often mainly glass. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. wood. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets.

4. and 4B. 6. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. click Depth. 5. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 7. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. On the Options Bar. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Structural s 403 . On the View Control Bar. 8. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. In the Type Selector. 3A. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8".

10. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". The columns are now hidden by the floors. In the Project Browser. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. Click OK. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click Hide In View > Element. Right-click.9. and columns clearly. 2. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open Plan View Deck Framing. Place Beams 1. 11. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

Click. On the Structure tab. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 4. To place beams: Structural s 405 . 5. s In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click Beam. On the Options Bar.3. In the Type Selector. select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Structure panel.

On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . Click Modify. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 7. Click. 6. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click.

Save the file as Deck Beams. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.rvt. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.8. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. click Make Wall Bearing. as shown. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. If a Warning dialog box that opens. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Click Modify. Click on grid intersection B4. click Beam. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Structure panel. 12. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. 11. 9. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Structural s 407 . In this exercise. Click.

You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click Pick Supports. The completed exercise 5. click Sketch Beam System. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click No. Click the beam on Grid 1. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. you: s Place beam systems.rvt. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 3. In this exercise. On the Structure tab. or number of beams in a bay. Structure panel. This system saves time when preparing framing plans.Structural . On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. click Beam System. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. 4. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Place braces. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. Open Deck Beams. Place Beam Systems 1. distance. 2. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . click Line. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. On the Draw panel.6. as shown. 7. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.

set Elevation to -0'-9". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.8. s 9.2". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Create Similar. 11. click Pick Supports. On the Properties palette. Click Finish. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 10.Structural . On the Properties palette. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Line. Trim as necessary. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Mode panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.6". s s On the Draw panel. click Finish (green check). s s s On the Draw panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click the beam on Grid 2.

unlike regular elevations. In the Project Browser.Place Braces 1. click Brace. On the Structure tab. Click to place the elevation. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Structure panel. 4. 5. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structural s 411 . Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the View tab. 2. as shown. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Create panel. It has an automatic work plane. On the View Control Bar. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 3. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a.

to start the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left. Click Modify. In the Type Selector. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . In the view window. 7. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 8. 9.6. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

In this exercise. you: s Placed beam systems. Save the file as Deck structure. Structural s 413 . 11. s Placed braces.10.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.

you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. The exact length is not critical. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. In this exercise. as shown. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. In plan views. but they can also be angular and radial. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and walls.Structural . and section views. click Grid. Pull the cursor straight up. The numbering automatically increments. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The exact location is not critical. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. beams. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. s s In the view window. You can change a grid number at any time. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Datum panel. elevation. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Grid datasets.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model.

Click to place a new grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to start another grid line. 4. Structural s 415 .3. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".

Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. Repeat to create grid line 4. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.5. Pull the cursor to the right. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s Select Grid Line 2. Enter A at the keyboard. click Copy. Press ENTER. click to place the grid line. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. close to the heads. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 6. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Click to start a grid line. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Grid 3 is already the selection set. 7. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Pull the cursor to the left. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. The new grid line will be number 3.

s Click to place the grid line. 11. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. 9. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. 10.1 is still selected. click the elbow control to place an offset. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.8. Structural s 417 . On the grid line. s Click Copy. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Select grid 2. Grid 2. The Grid tool is still active.1. This completes the main grid. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This grid line will be number B. Change the number to 2. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.

On the Home tab. Zoom to Fit. In the Radius field. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Change the number to EE. s Click to start the grid line. s s Click grid intersection D3. select Center-Ends Arc. On the Draw panel. click Radius. On the Draw panel. enter 15. The Grid tool is still active. set Offset to 15'-0".Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Click to place the grid head. 3.000 o . click Pick. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Options Bar. Create panel. Click in the new grid bubble. On the Options Bar. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Grid. Press ENTER.Structural . 4.

5. Click to place grid FF. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. You will need to identify it easily. Structural s 419 . Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. 7. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 6.

s Click grid intersection D3. Revit will create grid 32. Zoom to Fit. Click to place the grid line.000. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.8. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.Structural . Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Select grid 3. s Select grid 31. s 10. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s In this exercise. Click in the new grid bubble.rvt. Enter 31 to change the name. 11. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 9. click Mirror .Pick Axis. click Create Similar. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Press ENTER.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Add footings to columns. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s Use a column grid to place beams. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. This is a steel column. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Structure panel. 2. click Column > Structural Column. Structural s 421 . You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s Change a grid layout. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. As a result.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In the Type Selector. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. s 3. In this exercise. you typically create a grid.

4. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.Structural . In the Multiple panel.s s On the Options Bar. A. 4. 3. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Multiple panel. C and D. 6. click Finish. 5. 2. B. set Height to Level 3. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. click At Grids.

click On Grids. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". The grid. 3. Open Floor Plan Level 2. columns. click Beam.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 2. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. Window-select all the grid lines. 5. Structural s 423 . On the Multiple panel. click Finish. Zoom to Fit. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Click Grid 1. 4.

Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Multiple panel. Open the Default 3D view. On the Multiple panel.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Quick Access toolbar. 6.Structural . click No. click Finish. click Isolated. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Click Redo. window-select all the columns. 2. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. In the view window. 1. click Undo. click At Columns. 3.

Select the footing at the base of the extended column. A warning displays. Click OK. Structural s 425 . Press ESC to clear the column selection.5. The footing changes size. in the Type Selector. s On the Properties palette. 6. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 7. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. To change the size of the footing. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18".

Structural .8. s Added footings to columns. In this exercise. s Changed a grid layout. s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

spans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.Structural . s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

s Add footings to columns. True b. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Beam d. 2. s Place beam systems. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Change a grid layout. All of the above. s Place braces. Column b. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Use a column grid to place columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Brace c.

2. a. True b.Structural . you: a. a. To create a beam system. Properties c. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Flip Orientation d. 5. c. False 4. 3. To change the height of a column. c. Select the type of beam or column to place.Revit Architecture Questions 1. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. d. All of the above. When placing columns or beams. d. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. True b. A but not B. Select a beam type and define the system layout. A and B. Stretch b. you use: a. you can: a. b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Pick points. b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. If you relocate a grid line.

Smith . Poway High School. Poway.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Copyright s 431 . WI Roger Dohm .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .iteaconnect. CA Ronald A Williams. Randy Dymond. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . South Division High School.Executive Director.Director. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. International Technology Education Association www. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. PE . Mathematics.org Project Lead the Way.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Starkweather .Teacher.Instructor. Ltd. Inc. Milwaukee. Susan Harrington .

. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Trademarks Autodesk. Autodesk Revit MEP. Inc. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. AutoCAD Architecture. CA 94903. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. “AS IS.” AUTODESK. All rights reserved. INC. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. 2010 Autodesk. by any method. this publication. INC. AutoCAD. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Autodesk Inventor. Inc. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . All rights reserved. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. may not be reproduced in any form. Published by: Autodesk. AutoCAD Civil 3D. or parts thereof. Inc. Inc. product names. All other brand names. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. for any purpose.© 2010 Autodesk. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. AutoCAD MEP. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael.

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