Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.When sketching walls. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles.

roofs. elevation. windows. You can add building elements in plan. and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. floors. furniture. stairs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . section.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. Other building elements such as doors.Software Tools . and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.

While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the illustration shown. or at any time after. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. the other will move as well. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. If one is moved. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.

all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools . In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved.

you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Place a predefined Mass family. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. technology.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. engineering.

A designer. and then converted into building components such as floors. size. or masses. you can create in-place masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. owner. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . such as distance requirements from roadways. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. and curtain systems. walls. quickly.Software Tools . Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. There are mass families available to load into a project. Masses can be edited in many ways. roofs. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

walls. masses.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and symbol heads. s Explain the use of dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. legends. engineering. and Language Arts.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. tags. and math standards. Engineering. Math (STEM). technology. Annotation includes text notes.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be linear. or angular.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial.Software Tools . and permanent dimensions for annotating.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . and how other levels change display accordingly.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

the Type Selector. s Open and use ribbon tabs. and Language Arts. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and math standards. and Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Math (STEM).Software Tools . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. engineering. This lesson relates to science. s Work with tool buttons. technology. Engineering.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Open tabs on the ribbon.

they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Some commands will not be active (that is. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. beams. Its position is fixed.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. doors. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Display and Navigation s 31 . and rooms. for instance. windows.

Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

columns. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. structural walls. slabs. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. and foundations. and text. detailing. trusses.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. braces.

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Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

materials. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools . 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and inquiry. copy/paste. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and parameters. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open. This menu has file management tools such as New. and Close. Print.Software Tools . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. and groups. families. with four elevation markers visible. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. sheets. Legends.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Control Bar View scale. cropping. Windows panel on the ribbon. shadow display. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.Software Tools . A check mark indicates it is visible. level of detail. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. rendering (in 3D views). visual style. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. sun settings.

Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view. or by global location. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. These controls.Software Tools . enabling you to select them. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

Annotate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Collaborate. Display and Navigation s 55 . Nine tabs are available: Home. Structure. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. View. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Massing & Site. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Insert. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. To activate or open a view. Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name.

Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

If you select items in the view window. When a context tab is active. showing options that you can select while you are working. Display and Navigation s 57 .Context Tabs. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.

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The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

On the right is a list of recently opened files. and Publish.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Save. the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. File Close only appears on the application menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . Click a file name to open that file. Export. Print. such as File Open. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. New File. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. 3. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. make the Home tab active. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. 2. The completed exercise 4. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. or click New > Project from the application menu. Do this for other tabs. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. To start a new project. On the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. If you select the menu option.

Close the file without saving. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously.Software Tools . Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. and then viewed. 6. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. 7. you opened a project file. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display.5. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. In this exercise. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Icons for panels display below tab titles.

You worked on this file in Getting Started. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Exercise 2.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Open quick_start_building_elements. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.rvt. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. doubleclick the view name. Display and Navigation s 69 . The file opens to a 3D view. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.

all the walls. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 6. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view.Software Tools . 5. 4.3. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". . Clear Walls and Doors. and windows highlight blue. doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. 7. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. On the Properties palette. 8. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. You are selecting everything visible. Click any interior wall. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.

11. click Create panel > Create Similar. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. examined the menus and toolbars. On the Properties palette. Click any door. 10. Display and Navigation s 71 . the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. On the Modify | Doors context tab. In this exercise. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. you opened a project file. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 12. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Place a door as shown. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.9.

either predefined or user-created. s Create a new in-place family. ceiling plan. display controls.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and 3D views using the View menu. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. In the exercises. schedules. lines. Pan. annotations. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You can create sections. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Technology. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. s Work with Revit families. Revit provides floor plan. floors). operating settings. Engineering. s Load and place component families. mechanical equipment). and views.Software Tools . Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. building elements (walls. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and elevation views by default. and Language Arts. templates. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. System families include levels. drafting views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Component families include model objects (furniture. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects.

This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. technology. engineering.

The completed exercise Visibility 1. Open Unit2_building_elements. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. First. even a small one.Software Tools . The elevation markers disappear from the view. 3. is an extensive database. 2. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Four elevation markers are visible.rvt. There is no way to see everything in it. Right-click. VG also opens the dialog box. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The display changes. Click OK. Rightclick in the view window.Exercise: View Controls A building model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click Zoom to Fit. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.

Enter ZF. click Detail Level. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 7. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. On the View Control Bar. Right-click. There are two parts to an elevation. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. In the Project Browser. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Select the roof outline. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . 6. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click Open. Click Zoom In Region. 5. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. so be sure to select them both. Right-click.4. Zoom to Fit. Select Detail Level: Medium.

On the Properties palette. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. You simplify it into a Roof Plan.8. 2. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. View Properties 1. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Enter VH. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. doors and windows are not shown. as before. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Turn off visibility of the elevations. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . change the Underlay value to None.Software Tools .

Click Rename. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. and where the cut plane sits. Set the cut plane value to 7' . click Edit. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . 4. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.3. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. the ridge is now visible. Click OK. enter Roof. For Name. Next to View Range.0". By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Right-click. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.

click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the dialog box that opens. Open Elevation view South. 3. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shading with Edges. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Accept the location that activates. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. In the Presets list. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 4. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Still. 5.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. select Shadows On. 2. under Solar Study. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Winter Solstice.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 6. In this exercise. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.rvt. The elevation shadows update. Save the file as Unit2_views.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .

and annotations are examples of standard families. or institutional structures. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. commercial. and use a Revit family to place a door. windows. Build panel. or stand-alone (for example. furniture. Open Unit2_views. is predefined within Revit. This exercise illustrates how you locate. You add closet doors to interior walls. roofs. Additionally. load. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Doors are considered standard family entities. and place Revit families. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. These components are called families and there are several different types. standard families. 2. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and floors. Doors.rvt. floors. you open an existing project file. railings. and families in place. On the Home tab. windows. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. click Door. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. such as levels. lights.Software Tools . 3. There are system families. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and so on. s A system family. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. In Revit. furniture). and furniture. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. walls. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . On the Modify | Place Door tab. It has a number of different sizes defined. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Project files have a file extension of *. and Annotation. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Accept the default size. Family files have a file extension of *. Furniture. s s 6. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. 4. Click the Doors folder. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rfa. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window.rvt. 5.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed.rfa. Locate Double Panel 2. Click Open. Click Open. Tag panel. If you highlight a door family. As you move your cursor near any wall. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. You click to place an instance of the door family.

Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.rvt. 9. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. loaded. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Place two more instances of the door as shown. In this exercise. Place an instance of the door as shown. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. but not strongly. you located. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. and placed instances of a door family. 8.7.Software Tools . simply click it.

In the Type Properties dialog box. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . you open an existing project file. Select the double door as shown. click Duplicate. This door needs to be 48" wide. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. 3. enter 48" x 80". The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. For Name. 4. Click Properties palette > Edit Type.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.rvt. and create an in-place family. The required width is not available. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Click OK. Open Unit2_doors_walls. modify a door family. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 5.

Software Tools . Click OK.6. click Component > Model In-Place. enter Hall Clock. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 4. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 2. On the Properties palette. is to create a component family in place. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. select Generic Models. In the dialog box. 3. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 1. 5. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. On the Home tab. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Click OK. For Name. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Build panel. The door updates. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design.

You have created the base of the clock. 13. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 7.rvt.6.2". 11. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".4" as shown. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 8. you located. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 10. as shown. Revit will display . and placed a door family. click Rectangle. In this exercise. The family model updates. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 12.0' 2". 9. Click OK. On the Draw panel. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. loaded. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.Software Tools .

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math.

tab. c. Zoom to the entire model. Either a or b. True b. False 4. a. True b. context tabs.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. and click Open. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Turn on Shadows. To activate a view: a. a. s Create an in-place model family. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Change view displays. True b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 7. c. b. a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Change view properties. The tool shown is used to: a.Software Tools . d. Create a 3D perspective view. Spin the model in 3D space. d. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Open different views. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. load. Zoom in Region is used to: a. 6. b. False 2. b. a. Questions 1. and Options Bar. Views can be renamed. False 3. Right-click. True b. depending on the template selected. Each project has several predefined views. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. s Adjust Visual Style Options. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. c. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Access. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. d. False 5.

System c. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Standard b. In-Place d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .) are called: a. Scroll d. All of the above. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Project Browser d. etc. A family created within a project is called ________________. Families 11. Rotate c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Parts d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. Properties palette 10. Blocks c. a. windows. Pan and Zoom b. depending on settings 9.8. Multiview b.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Set project units. 9. s Create labels. s Duplicate and modify views. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 6. s Create a project template. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Revit Architecture setup. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create dimensions and text. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create dimension and text styles. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 5. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 4. 3.

92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . After completing this lesson. should be used. colors. and so forth. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.aia. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. linetypes. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. defining the layers. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors. Math (STEM). and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Visit the AIAS website at www.aias. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and Language Arts. Technology. Visit the AIA website at www.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. linetypes.org. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Explain why templates are used. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.org. and the settings that are preset within them. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Engineering. based on the AIA standards.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. A garage must be completely enclosed. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. A unit is a particular physical quantity. and so on. and one closet. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. like mechanical drawing. If there is a fire. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. a common area (such as a living room or family room). defined and adopted by convention. the number being its numerical value.Standards and Building Codes . otherwise it is considered a carport. a garage. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. For example.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. a bathroom. windows. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. and so on. If it lacks any of these components. it must have at least one door. one window. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. it cannot be called a bedroom. doors.

There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. the construction industry still uses the English. is 169 m. In architectural drafting. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. its value is expressed in the unit meter. units are applied to dimensions. unit symbol m. such as room size and wall height. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. or imperial. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. system (inches and feet) to order lumber.. Here h is the physical quantity.For example. unit symbol ft. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . and other materials.. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. also known as the International System of Units. Another method is to apply dual notation. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. glass. in the United States. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. using imperial units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. However. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. is 555 ft. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units.

LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.) 8. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and viewports. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Each size is designated by a letter. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. every 1/8" would represent 1'. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. line weight and pattern. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".Scales are ratios. In Revit Architecture. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. sheets. one value representing another value.Standards and Building Codes . If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.

can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. The integers go from 0 to 9. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. temporary Schedules Sections. notes Demolition.a modified version of the AIA standard.01. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.01. site plan. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. and then add a title block or other symbols. You create and position views. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). Standards and Building Codes s 97 . elevators. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.

fonts. so that the height is less than the width. the author of the drawing. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. followed by information on the building's owner. and layer standards. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The next space is for tracking revisions. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and other relevant information. Usually. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Typically. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. that is.Standards and Building Codes . the HVAC company. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and so on. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the date drawn. The column is divided into sections. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. drawing scales.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the electrician. annotation plot sizes. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. For example. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The paper is oriented landscape. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template.

Standards and Building Codes s 99 . layer settings. required symbols. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. and so forth. title blocks.

Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. dimension styles. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Engineering. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. windows. Technology. and walls. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. These can be used to build your model. and Language Arts. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. views.Standards and Building Codes .Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture.

and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

click New > Project. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In the New Project dialog box. Condominiums. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. factory. click Browse.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. you create a new project file using a template. and town houses usually use commercial building templates.Standards and Building Codes . 2. or store. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. On the application menu. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. you use templates as starting points. In Revit. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. apartments. Open Revit to an empty project file. 3. Select a Template 1.

saving set up time. you started a new project file using a standard template. Click OK. On the application menu.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. 5. Settings s 103 . click Close to close this project without saving. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click Open. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. In this exercise.4. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Select the Residential-Default. 6.

Click to start a new wall. the drawing setup options are preset. 3. The Wall tool remains active. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. In the courseware datasets folder. open ADA__Settings. expand Floor Plans under Views. click Wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Standards and Building Codes . In the Project Browser. 2. s Place the cursor over the left wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.rvt. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view. Pull the cursor to the right. In this exercise.

Click OK twice to save the setting change. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Close the file without saving. and move the cursor right. click to start a new wall. Place the cursor over the left wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 7. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Settings s 105 . In this exercise. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. 8.) 6. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. s Set Unit symbol to m. 5.4. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Format for Length. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

On the Annotate tab. enter Big Text. Open ADA_Dimensions. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 4.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. By default. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. 2. or insert components. Dimension panel. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. but also control the size and location of objects.Standards and Building Codes . Temporary dimensions display when you select. Click OK. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. dimensions not only display. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. click Edit Type. create. temporary and permanent. there are two types of dimensions. click Aligned. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 3. For Name. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.rvt. 1. click Duplicate.

The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 6. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Click OK twice. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot.5. s Set Text Size to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. Select the top. Settings s 107 . left. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 7. Click to place.

The Dimension tool stays active. you opened an existing file.Standards and Building Codes . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. In this exercise. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.8. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Close the file without saving. Click to place the dimension. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. 9. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. created a new dimension style.

you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.rvt. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. 2. In the Project Browser. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Notice the door and window tags. Settings s 109 . 3. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. In the datasets folder. There are no annotations visible. and the view window displays the new plan. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In order to do this. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.

You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 6. Click OK to update the display of this view. On the Manage tab. 7. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Settings panel. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. In the Project Browser. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Model Categories tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser.4. Click Rename. click Project Information. 8. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 9.Standards and Building Codes . 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Double-click to open it. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 5. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 1. Click OK.

You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Enter the address as shown. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.Add a Sheet 1. Click OK. or supply your own values: Click OK. 3. You can also enter the address of your school. click Edit.) 3. Settings s 111 . Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Rightclick. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. highlight the title block displayed in the list. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 2. Click New Sheet. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address.

Add a View to the Sheet 1.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block.4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. In the Identity Data and Other sections.Standards and Building Codes . 5. Click Apply. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Next. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.

4. Right-click. You see the view at the end of your cursor. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Deactivate View. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Add View to Sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select the new viewport. Settings s 113 . Click Activate View. 3. Right-click in the view. 2.

The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. The Scale updates in the title block.5. s Placed a view on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Added a sheet. you: select it. Finish the move. The view updates on the sheet. of the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6. Place the cursor 7. Close the file without saving. deselect it.

This is one of the longer exercises. On the application menu. Click Open. Start Revit Architecture. It opens to the Recent Files window. Settings s 115 . 2.5. A copy of the 11 x 8. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). click New > Titleblock. Select A-11x8. 4. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.rft. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 3. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.5 title block template opens.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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11. Save the title block as A . 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. On the application menu. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. select Drawn By.Landscape. Your teacher may specify another location.Standards and Building Codes . Add a label for Sheet Number. Accept the Sample Value. s Click Add. 15. 10. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. In this exercise. 13. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. you created a title block using a template file. click Close. Add a label for Checked By. click Save to save the title block. On the Quick Access toolbar.9. Accept the Sample Value. Click Zoom to Fit. 12. s Accept the Sample Value. 14. Right-click. Accept the Sample Value.rfa. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.

Settings s 125 . The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. In the Recent Files window. 4. The title block appears in the graphics window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. click New to create a new project using the default template. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Locate your title block. Your title block is now displayed in the list. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Open.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Insert a Title Block 1. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. 5. Highlight the title block and click OK. 2. you create a new project file. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. 3. and then load a custom title block into your project. On the View tab.

s For Checked By. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 5. click Project Information. Click OK. Click OK. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. enter your instructor's name. Select the title block. On the Manage tab. enter your name. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Issue Date label on the title block is updated.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. On the Properties palette. Settings panel. enter Student Project Unit 3. 3. 2. s For Drawn By.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.Standards and Building Codes . Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. you a created a new project file. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 4. 6. Click OK.

a dimension style. settings. 3.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. On the application menu. On the Insert tab. click New > Project. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. There are various settings you can define for your template. Click OK. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. and geometry from the template. angles. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Create a Template In this exercise. and slope angle. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and the units for your custom template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. in addition to predefined wall types. and then load them like families. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. 2. s Families: Load in families you use most often. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. In this exercise. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. such as 3D and plan views. select Project Template. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. 1. In the New Project dialog box. you define the title block. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. you create a new project file. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. including how the rendered image looks. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project.

128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You create a custom dimension style.Landscape. On the Annotate tab. 8. click Duplicate. Click the Length field in the Format column. 10. On the Manage tab. Next. 7. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box.rfa. 6. There will be no visible change.4. 9. Set the units for the template. enter 3/16" Verdana. Click OK twice. Click OK. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Settings panel > Project Units. create a Dimension Style. Open the title block A .Standards and Building Codes . 5.

Click Dimension panel > Aligned. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click OK. select Sheets (All). 15.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 12. 14. Select the A . On the Properties palette. Click New Sheet. Click OK. Settings s 129 .11. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Rightclick. In the Project Browser.

rte. 17. In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template.16. Save your project template in your class project folder. The title block updates. title block. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. you created a new template file using a dimension style. Click OK. and units that you defined. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.Standards and Building Codes . 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . as well as dimension style and units.

STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. or new combinations of existing materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

1:24 d. s Create a template.02 d. dimension styles. is defined as what? a. s Create labels. True b. UBC c. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create text. A particular physical quantity. and symbols used in drawing? a. a. Metric d. a.Standards and Building Codes . s Create dimensions. 1:3 b. s Create a dimension style.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Create a text style. P.02 b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. 1:32 5. A. NCTM d. NCSESA 2. s Change dimension colors. s Create a title block. English c. General Questions 1. AIA b.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A. An architect b. S. 1:12 c. a. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. A unit 4. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Change lineweight. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. False 3.05 c. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. Using AIA Standards.

Point offsets 3. False 6. a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. By default. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. In Revit Architecture. you use: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Wall centerlines c. Wall midpoints d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To create a new sheet. dimensions snap to: a. False Summary/Questions s 133 . True b. To set the units in a project. a. a. True b. True b. Application menu > Properties b. To change the scale of a view. Application menu > New > Sheet b. False 4. Wall faces b. you click: a.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 3. 4. 5. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Define a wall structure. 2. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.

and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. After completing this lesson. or filling in between. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and protect its interior spaces. List the different types of occupancy. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. separate. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. them. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. their construction and materials.Walls . Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Stud. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. indicating wall length. the dimension updates incrementally. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.Brick on Mtl. 4. As you continue to move the cursor. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Click to set the endpoint. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right.3. Walls s 151 . 5. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. click it to open an edit field. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Enter 10. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. It will not print. To modify a dimension. Clear the Chain option. Expand the Type Selector list. but it disappears when you begin another action. an angular dimension displays. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. a dashed line displays. Select the Single Line option. After you create the wall.

After setting the vertical wall's direction. Press ENTER. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the controls may sit on top of one another. click the Detail Level icon. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. The wall does not show any internal detail. Click the wall. enter 7. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab.Walls . signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. 8. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Select panel. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. click Create Similar. Click to start the next wall. Depending on your zoom in the view. On the Modify | Walls tab. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. click Modify to stop placing walls.6. 7. On the View Control Bar. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Create panel.

Because you drew the wall from up to down. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. notice how the wall joins at the corner. release the mouse button to set a new length. 10. no matter where you move the cursor. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. an alignment line displays. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Notice that two dimensions display. Walls s 153 .9. Click Modify. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Also. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up.

Select Chain on the Options Bar. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays.Walls . 16. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 14. Repeat. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Sketch the walls as shown. Right-click.11. Build panel. On the Home tab. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 12. Select the lower vertical wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. click Wall. 13. 15. When using the Chain option. Click Cancel. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. This is the same as clicking Modify.

18. Walls s 155 . In this exercise. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the Three Point Arc tool. 20. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 19. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Clear the Chain option. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Modify. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". 17.rvt. After clicking the second end. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click Create Similar again.

Both split walls are shown below.Walls . 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify. You now remove the upper right corner. 4. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. you first split the walls at the intersections. Split Walls 1. and extend walls. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. This exercise illustrates how to split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. fillet. To do this.rvt from the previous exercise. align. Only part of the wall highlights. Do the same for the vertical wall. 2. trim. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. 3.

4. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Delete. You can also click the flip control. Click Fillet Arc. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. Enter 5'. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building.Fillet Walls 1. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). 3. Walls s 157 . Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. click Undo and repeat the steps. On the Options Bar. Modify panel. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select Radius. 5. If you make a mistake. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Create panel. 2. Select any wall. click Create Similar.

Place an interior wall as shown. 2. You align the wall in the next steps. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 1.Walls .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. The Wall tool is still active. 3. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.

s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor straight up. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can lock the alignment. clear Chain. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . Click to create a wall.4. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. such as location lines. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. The length is not critical.

s Move the cursor to the left and click. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the vertical wall as shown. 4. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The length is not critical. The walls can cross. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 6. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 5. This will be the border.Walls . 3. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the two interior walls in turn. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This will extend to the border. 2.

Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. In this exercise. fillet. and trim. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. align.

double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The Modify tool is active by default. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. In the Project Browser. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. On the Properties palette. satisfy different requirements. 2. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 3.Walls . click Edit Type. and vary in cost. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.

s Click the arrow at the right. Every layer of a wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. 6. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. For Name. Walls s 163 . 8.4. 7. s Click Up. 5. except Core Boundary. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Click OK. s Select Finish 1 [4]. s Click the number of Layer 3. When you are finished. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click Down twice. click Edit in the Structure value field. the wall structure should be as shown. Click Insert twice. has a Function you can edit. To edit the structure of the wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Add two additional layers to the wall.

13. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 12. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Exterior . Material. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.9. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Material to Wood . 10.Walls . Modify the Function. which displays plan or section views. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s Set the Material to Finishes . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 11. select Finishes . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2".Stud Layer.

16. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. select Medium. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Walls s 165 . From the Detail level list. Click Apply to update the view. 17. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 15. expand the Families branch. In the Project Browser. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. On the Properties palette.14. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.

From the Type Selector list. Close the file without saving. You opened an existing file. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.Walls . 20. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.18. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. Right-click 8" Exterior. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. In this exercise. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 19. defined a new wall structure.

such as a weatherproof outside surface.Brick on Mtl. 2. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. wood rails. In this exercise. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Select one of the Exterior . You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. You can define a wall type with these elements. a structural mid-section. and a decorated interior surface. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. 3.rvt. for example. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. The model opens in a 3D view. Stud walls as shown. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above.

To split a layer or region horizontally. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 1.4. highlight one of the borders. You can set the sample height to any value. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. 6. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 5. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. You change the type. Click Split Region. so all instances of this type change. 7. click Edit. or you will lose your changes. To split a layer or region vertically. into regions. You can assign different materials to regions. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Wall structures are Type Properties. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. When you split a layer. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.Walls . Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. either horizontally or vertically. 2. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 8. To define the structure of the wall. If not already expanded. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. You can split regions into other regions. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. In this exercise. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. As indicated in the dialog box title. in the Structure value field. the new regions assume the same material as the original. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active.

After merge.3. Click to merge them. 2. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Walls s 169 . 1. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click Merge Regions. When you merge regions. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. 3. Prehighlight a border between regions. In this case. Click to split the region into two parts. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.Brick layer. The upper split disappears. Click to merge the two layers. assign Layer 1. 4.

If you set the split offset down from the top. After a region is split. To create a new wall layer. Change the value to 12.Walls . Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. s Select the split line. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 1. click Modify. to the next parallel line. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click the temporary dimension text. 2. Press ENTER. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. The dimension text turns blue. Click again to return to the original position. instead of down. 3. 4. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Click Insert. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 2. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). indicating that it is modifiable. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 1. you assign the material Masonry Brick . 3. Next. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. In the Edit dialog box. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

and Insert Layer tools. Click OK. 10. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 9. 6. In this exercise. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. All walls of this type have been changed. It also shows a thickness value. 8. When a layer is selected in the table. Click Assign Layers. Change the Material to Masonry . Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. because it is now the selected layer.Brick Soldier Course.4. The preview changes appearance. Close the file without saving. 5. Walls s 171 .Brick Soldier Course layer. it highlights in blue in the preview window. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. It immediately highlights in blue. 7. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . as shown. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click OK. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Merge Region. Split Region. Modify.

installed. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. ducting. and protected. earth. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring.Walls . piping. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but also the natural lighting. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the ventilation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Doors and Windows . and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values.

ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. if there is no other escape route. An unobstructed opening of 5.Doors and Windows . The height can be no less than 24". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.7 sq. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20".

and furniture are defined in family files. Engineering. s Copy windows. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. This lesson relates to science. In this unit. windows. and how to position. Doors and Windows s 187 . Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Components such as doors. Technology. s Center a door in a wall.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). you learn how to place doors and windows. and copy these elements. and Language Arts. technology. move. how to load additional door and window families. engineering.

Build panel. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. the door swing would be to the left side. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . This can be done in a plan view. 2. 3. When placing doors in a plan view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. To flip the door. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. To reverse the swing. click Door. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Once a door is placed. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. In other words.Doors and Windows . or 3D view. elevation view. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. On the Home tab. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Add Doors 1. move the cursor to the right side of the wall.

3. except for the Type Selector. Mode panel. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. With the Door command active. The display does not change. on the Modify | Place Door tab. and windows into project files.rfa. Doors and Windows s 189 . click Load Family. 2. walls. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". From the Type Selector list.Load Families 1. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Click Open. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. In order to keep file size small. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.

4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. From the Type Selector. 5. If necessary. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.Doors and Windows . Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Remember. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. simply click it and enter the correct value. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. or by using the swing control arrows. change a temporary dimension.

rvt.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.

click Window. or 3D view. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. To reverse the window after performing another operation. approach the wall from the right side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. click Modify and select the window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Build panel. the outside of the window is to the left side. From the Type Selector. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. elevation view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . On the Home tab. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. When placing windows in a plan view. Add Windows 1. 2. Windows have exterior and interior sides.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Open Unit5_doors. To face the outside of the window to the other side. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. You can place windows in a plan view.

194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. Window tags do not number in sequence.Doors and Windows . Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. loaded a door family. placed doors. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 5. and placed windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 4. Place seven more windows as shown. You do not need to add dimensions. you opened an existing project.rvt.3.

wall. 4.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. 2. Dimension panel. 3. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Do not be overly concerned where you place it. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. place a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. you open an existing project file. and modify the wall. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. window. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. 1. constrain it to be centered in a wall. and so on. s Align and modify walls.rvt. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted.

Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.s s s s Click the left wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The walls are now aligned. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. 6. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click it and it changes as shown. Click the center of the door. 5. The door changes location. This means that if one wall shifts. Notice the symbol. Click the right wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.Doors and Windows . Click the lock icon to enable it. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Align Walls 1. Select the upper wall first. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. the other wall will remain aligned.

(Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. The walls shift and remain aligned. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.4. Doors and Windows s 197 . Right-click. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value. 5.

Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit.Doors and Windows . you placed a continuous dimension.6.rvt. Right-click. In this exercise. 7.

2. 1. On the Modify | Windows tab. 4. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. especially if there are many different types.rvt. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 199 . The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Create panel.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. click Create Similar. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.

2. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy. The window will change appearance. The window is copied. On the Modify | Windows tab.Doors and Windows . Select the window you just placed. Modify panel. 3.Copy Windows 1. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 4.

rvt.5. Click Zoom to Fit. Doors and Windows s 201 . In this exercise. 6. Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

The stability of glass in response to wind. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. flat glass is a recent invention.Doors and Windows . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. cold.

44" Summary/Questions s 203 . General Questions 1. s Align a door or window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 28" b. a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 36" c. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 40" d. True b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 30" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 32" d. s Copy a door or window. False 2. Custom 3. 32" b. a. If a room is used for sleeping. s Position a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. s Place a window. 34" 4. Standard b.

Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. 4. d. False 5. Right-click. To change the location of a door or window. Offset c. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Link c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click Flip Direction. a. To center a door or window in a wall. a. Clone b. a. you use: a. Properties 3. c. 6. A reference plane b. True b. you use ________. Select the door. a. False 2. True b. Select the door. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. Click Door Properties. b. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Click Door Properties. b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . True b. Duplicate d. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Copy 8. The center snap 7. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. c. Load c. To change the swing direction of a door: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Load from Library b. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you: a. Insert d. d.Doors and Windows . Use door grips to reposition. a.

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. s Create railings. 3. (Student) Evaluate students. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . Review stairs and railings. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 5.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 4. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.

List the different stair types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.

This lesson relates to technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Technology.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Once the actual riser height is determined.

Stairs and Railings . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.

Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Due to building code.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum.

s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

engineering. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings . This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Technology. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Math (STEM). You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. You can define straight runs. For safety reasons. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. The riser and run values update accordingly. or tread. you will be able to: s Create stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. s Modify stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Engineering. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). As you move the cursor. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and spiral stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. or vertical circulation. and stairs. which includes elevators. ramps. U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. of certain horizontal depth or run. s Add a railing. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. In multistory buildings. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. When you click to establish the start point of stairs.

You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. From the courseware datasets folder.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 217 . On the Properties palette. you create stairs using a straight run. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Before you create the stairs. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. 3. This file is in metric units. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This enables you to place the stairs properly. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.

This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. you create a straight run. Run is preselected. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Circulation panel. In this case. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. click Stairs. Click OK to close the dialog box.4. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. These tools are used to define your stairs. On the Home tab.

You can continue to move the cursor up. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. select Finish (green check). the run footprint stops expanding. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Revit displays the number of risers you created. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 8. and then click to define the run of stairs. Select this intersection point to start your run. Stairs and Railings s 219 . As you move the cursor up. 10. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. On the Mode panel. You can also enter a distance of 4400.6. 7. If you have not fully created the run. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. To change the run dimension. 9.

and switched to a 3D view. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. To avoid overwriting the original file. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.Stairs and Railings .rvt. click application menu > Save As > Project. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 13. In this exercise. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 12.11. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Edit panel. Stairs and Railings s 221 .Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. On the Modify tab. The stair is not centered on the landing. Level 1. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Activate view Floor Plans. click Align. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. 2.rvt.

Open the lobby stair view to see the result. select Wall centerlines. The Align command remains active. Click the center of the wall first. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. from the Prefer list. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which is located at the center of the stairs. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. 5. Take time to make the selections correctly. You can rotate your model to get a better view. If you have a scroll mouse. Click the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar.4. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.Stairs and Railings .

8. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Graphics. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. enter Lobby Stairs. Select the stairs. s For Name. As you prehighlight them. s Click Duplicate. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . s Click OK. 9. On the Properties palette. railings were created with the stairs. expand Sections (Building Section). In the Project Browser. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 7. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view.6. Hover the cursor over the railing. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Change Width to 1350. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. and Dimensions subsections.

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Select both railings. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.10. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .

In the Type Selector. Click it to select it. 13. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. click Edit Sketch. Delete this line. The stair changes to the run sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Zoom in on the stairs. The railings change. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch.12. you change the shape of the stairs. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. 14. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Next. Mode panel.

s Select the arc boundary you just created.Stairs and Railings . To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 16. click the left end of the top riser. On the Draw panel. Click Modify. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Modify panel. To place the second arc endpoint. 19.15. click Boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 17. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 18. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click to place the arc.

select the endpoint of the right boundary. On the Draw panel. Stairs and Railings s 227 . The left boundary will be mirrored. Next. Click to exit the Mirror command. This will define a rounded first step. For the third point. Delete the first (bottom) riser line.21. the arc center point. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Click CenterEnds-Arc. 20. click Riser. First. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.

You also modified the properties of a railing.22. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Finish. In this exercise. 23.rvt. On the Mode panel. you modified stair properties and boundaries.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results.

Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you need to define a path for the railing. Therefore. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Select the right side railing. 3. To make sure you are selecting the railing. 2. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you sketch the plan view path. Click Modify. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. In this case. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it.rvt from the previous exercise. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. s s Sketch a Railing 1. For simple railings. This is typically done in plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. The completed exercise To create a railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown.

enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Once the railing is selected. 6. You do not need to add dimensions. Mode panel. 5. 7. s s On the Options Bar. Then. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. On the Draw panel. To set the exact distance. click Line. click Edit Path.Stairs and Railings . on the Modify | Railings tab. select Chain. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Select Finish to exit the railing definition.4. The dimensions are shown as a guide. edit the temporary dimension.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete your lines and try again. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Stairs and Railings s 231 .rvt. 9. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. you used sketch tools to create a railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. 8. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing.

In a floor plan view. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. the stairs appear as a U-shape. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. In this exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt from the previous exercise.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. s On the Options Bar. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Work Plane panel. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. set the Offset value to 850. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. s On the Home tab. 2. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. you create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . Create a Reference Plane 1. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.

Click OK. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 4. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . 6.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Pull the cursor straight up. change the Width parameter to 900. Matte 2. On the Home tab. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. enter Exit Stairs. 5. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click OK twice. Click Edit Type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. On the Properties palette. Dark Gray. For Name. Circulation panel. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 3. To start sketching the run. click Stairs.

9. Press ENTER. enter 1925.Stairs and Railings . If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to place the first run. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.7. 8. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer to the right.

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. it is because you have overlapping lines. You want to inspect your stairs. 11. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the View Control bar. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Stairs panel. Remove the additional lines. Click Finish Stairs again. click Finish Stairs. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. you select Continue to return the sketch. If you get an error message. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. To remove the lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 .10. Use Hide/Isolate 1. but they are hidden behind walls. 2. Select the two walls of the stair tower.

2. This is a multistory stair. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The exterior walls reappear. 3. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The walls are now hidden. 4. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .3. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Finally. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. you learned to create a reference plane. Reset the Display 1. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.Stairs and Railings . On the View Control Bar. Select the stairs so they highlight. On the Properties palette. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.rvt. Zoom in to see your stairs. 5. 6. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. and to create a U-shaped stair.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators.

and deliver riders without wait time. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. but they can also be highly decorative. smoke guards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. this openness makes them fire hazards. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. They cost less. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Include landings as required by your local building code.Stairs and Railings . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.

90 degrees d. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. and all treads should be the same run. 36" d. 32" c. 180 degrees 3. a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 30" b. False 2. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 25 degrees b. 45 degrees c. you learned to: s Create stairs. a. True b. s Create railings. 40" 4. General Questions 1. s Modify stair boundaries. True b.

Boundary lines. Arc d. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Attach Railing c. a. Rectangle c. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. True b. risers b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Modify c. a. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. False 6.Stairs and Railings . risers 3. You can apply materials to different stair components. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Treads. riser lines c. Railings. a. Run. Fasten Railing 5. Home b. you use the _______ option. Line b. Pick New Host b. Insert 2. Manage d. risers and treads.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create railings on stairs without railings. Align Railing d. Circle 4. True b. a. that is. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . riser d. a.

Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 4. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 8. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 9. (Student) 3. s Place fascia. (Student) 7. Lesson Plan 1.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 6. (Student) 11. (Student) 5. (Student) 10.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.

It addresses roof construction. Calculate the rise. gutters. and pitch of a sloped roof. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. After completing this lesson. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Identify the different roof types. and downspouts. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. tiles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. roof types.Roofs . A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. run.

s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Technology.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. technology. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. and Language Arts. s Rake: The inclined. About Roofs s 243 . Math (STEM). usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. engineering. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

resistance to wind and fire. and sunlight. maintenance. the roofing pattern. are designed for shedding water and snow. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Sloped roofs. These are used more often on upscale homes. About Roofs s 245 . The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. rot. fire-resistant. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. snow. texture. and colors. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. durability. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. brands. the roofing pattern. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. maintenance. texture. and if visible. both low and steep. resistance to wind and fire. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. resulting in at least one textured face. and if visible. and sun. durability. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. They come in several types. and low maintenance roofing material. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and color. and color. You can use them for many different applications.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation.

but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. reinforced plastic. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. They are fire-resistant. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. Therefore. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. quality.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. This same roof on a clear. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. odor. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. consider such factors as cost. special characteristics (for example. and require little maintenance. durable. zinc alloy. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. Unfortunately. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). When choosing the insulation for your job. and so forth). s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. fiberglass.Roofs . or corrugated structural glass. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. galvanized steel. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. treatment for insects. and insulating capability (R-value). galvanized steel. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

Roofs . as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.

but the two sides are not symmetrical. and span. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. where as. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . run. A number indicates the value of the rise. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.

7 and 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 on 12.Roofs . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof. 7 to 12. 7-12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. and pitch is noted as a fraction.

or roof overhangs. and fascia. you work with massing shapes and not building components. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Create a hip roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Create a roof fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. often supporting a gutter. Roofs s 255 . Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. or eaves. Once you create a roof. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Place gutters. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. water. you can add gutters. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Create various roof types. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. To create a roof by face. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. soffits. s Assign roof structure and materials. dormers. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. snow. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. or ice.

engineering. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Roofs . This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 3.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. To create an extruded roof.. Open ADA_Roofs. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click OK to continue. select the Name option. In the Work Plane dialog box.rvt. the top of the roof profile is sketched. you create an extruded roof. 2.

enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Go To View dialog box. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. On the Work Plane panel. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. Draw panel. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. Before sketching the roof's profile. s Use the image below for guidance. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. click Line. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Open View. select Section: Section 1. 6. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. click Ref Plane.Roofs . The section view should display as shown. 4. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined.5. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 2. 3.

Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using the image below for guidance. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click Modify. Using a positive offset value. Roofs s 259 . s Select the new dimension.6. 5. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

6. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 2. 5. click Line. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Click Modify. for Name. click Finish (green check). 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. you can label them. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.Roofs . Right-click. The name displays when you select the reference plane. enter Horizontal. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 4.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Chain. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. On the Mode panel. s On the Options Bar. 7. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 3.

Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view.8. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .12" type. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.

Using the images for guidance. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 2. On the Modify tab. 1.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 3. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls.Roofs . Edit Geometry panel. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. carefully select the far right roof edge. Select the edge of the roof as shown. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. This is a two-step process. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Select both walls. click Attach: Top/ Base. Roofs s 263 . Trim Walls 1. On the Modify Wall panel. This will join the wall tops to the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. 2. In the Project Browser. select Attach Wall: Top.4. Select the roof. open the view Sections: Section 1. 3. On the Options Bar. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. To select both walls together. However.

In this exercise.rvt. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 5. The roof now looks correct. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4.

The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . The inner loops define openings in the roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 1. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. On the Home tab. select Garage Roof. In this exercise. from existing walls. 3. so you look straight down as in a plan. 4. The footprint sketch is created at 2. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Unit7_first_roof. Click Yes. Build panel. From the drop-down list. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. Because you are in a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. by Footprint.rvt.

6.0". s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. select the vertical wall on the left. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s On Options Bar. 8. click Defines Slope. Use the image below for guidance. 7. Next. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. clear the Defines slope option. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . click Pick Walls.5. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. If you place a line on the wrong side.

Other controls also display.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. It becomes an editable field. By default. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. When a roof line is set to slope defining. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. click Yes. click Finish. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. 1. Change this value to 6"/12". 3. Click Modify. defining lines separately. The new roof displays. Select the right side roof line. Roofs s 267 . roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. 2. To complete the roof. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Click the 9"/12" text. change the value to 6"/12". Select the left slope defining line. That value displays next to the slope arrow.

5.4.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt. In this exercise.

3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Build panel. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click to select them. To chain-select all of the walls. On Home tab. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Roofs s 269 .rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On the Options Bar. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. The file opens to a 3D view. 4. set the overhang to 1' 0". The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. When all of the walls prehighlight.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise.

Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Zoom into the chimney area. On the Draw panel. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Right-click. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the image for guidance. click Rectangle. 2. 4.Roofs . verify the 0' 0" Offset. As an alternate.Create a Roof Opening 1. 3. On the Options Bar. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.

3. Select the uppermost. The slope indicator displays. select Defines Slope. Click Modify. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Select the left lower horizontal line. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 271 . the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. horizontal line. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. 4. As in the previous exercise. Click Finish. click Yes. 5. 6. 2.Add Slope Lines 1.

Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.rvt.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. and chimney penetration. attached walls. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8.Roofs .

Zoom into the area shown. Select Defines Slope. Roofs s 273 . 4. 2. you create a hip roof. set Overhang to 2' .0". On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 3. Create the Roof 1. The file should open to a 3D view. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Build panel. 5. The completed exercise On the Home tab.rvt. Select the three walls shown in the image. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.

Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Right-click the ViewCube. Switch to a 3D View.Roofs . Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. In addition. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. 6. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Click OK. 3.7.0". Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click Finish to complete the roof. s On the Draw panel. you use the Line tool. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. On the Properties palette. s s Clear Defines Slope. 2. Raise the Roof 1. To close the roof sketch. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 .

Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2.

rvt. 3. 4. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 5. Roofs s 277 . Clear Defines Slope. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. 6. The file should open to a 3D view. 7. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Create a Shed Roof 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. On the Draw panel. click Line.

edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Right-click the line. On the Properties palette. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch.Roofs . 11. 9. Select the lower. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 13. Click Modify. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 12. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .8. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 10.

18. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 17. 16. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 279 . In this exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 15.rvt. click Yes.14. Finish the Roof. Click OK.

Roofs .Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. You see four levels defined in the model. Open the Default 3D view. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette. select Level 3. 3. On the menu bar. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Activate the view North Elevation. Select the Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 4. Cutoff Level list. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. The roof updates. 2. 5.

Switch to a 3D View.6. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. click Pick Lines. On the Options Bar. 10. Finish the Roof. select Defines Slope. To set the slope for the new roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". 12. 7. Zoom and spin to see your model. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. Roofs s 281 . Open Floor Plan: Level 3. In this exercise. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. On the Draw panel. 9. On the Home tab. 13. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 8. on the Properties palette. 11.

3.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 2. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1. thereby reducing energy consumption. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Type Selector. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt.Roofs . Select the main roof over the house. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .

enter Clay Tile. For Name.Define a Roof Structure 1. Click Insert to add a layer. click Edit Type. click Duplicate. 3. It is a generic roof type. s Click OK. 2. Select Layer 2 as shown. For Structure Value. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. Select the roof over the garage. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Roofs s 283 . Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 4. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit.

rvt. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". In the Fill Pattern dialog box. select Model. The garage roof displays a pattern. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Roofs . you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 8. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In this exercise. Click OK twice.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 7. 6. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".

Click Open. 3. On the Home tab. click Roof > Fascia. On the Insert tab. 2. to support a gutter. Roofs s 285 . In this exercise. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rvt. or for decoration. In the Open dialog box. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.rfa. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 4. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.

just loaded: s On the Properties palette.5. Set the Material value to Metal . In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. For Name. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 6. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Matte. Click Duplicate. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. for Profile.Roofs . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Click OK.Paint Finish Ivory.

Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. 9. Roofs s 287 . Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia.8.

so as not to detract from the design of the building. 3. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Gutter . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Home tab. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. The completed exercise 4. 2. 5. select Metal Aluminum. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. For Name.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Place Gutters In this exercise. 1. Under Material parameter. Click OK. 6. click Roof > Gutter. under Profile parameter. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. Click OK. s Click Duplicate. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Roofs .Bevel: 5" x 5". you add gutters to a building.rvt.

Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 8. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. you attached gutters to a roof. In this exercise. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.rvt. 11. Segments will clean up at corners. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 9. 10. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.7. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Roofs s 289 . You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. If you click the interior face.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. and cold.Roofs . s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . heat. water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.

s Using your own house.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

General Questions 1. False 2. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. When referring to roof slope. a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. s Define a roof structure. True b. a. None of the above 3. Gambrel d. s Place gutters. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Hip c. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Medium c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place fascia. the run is always 12. High d. Shed 4.Roofs . a. True b. Gable b. Low b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.

Sketch. A compound roof contains layers. a. extrusion. you use: a. pick d. a. place a check mark next to: a. d. b. sketch. Create an opening. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. 10. Footprint. Add Slope b. c. Material 8. False 7. Sketch c. a. True b. profile. True b. face b. lines c. Extrusion d. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. False Summary/Questions s 293 . extrusion. Trim/Extend b. Expand/Contract 6. Slope c. False 5. a. Footprint b. ENTER 4. Change the direction of the slope. Walls d. SHIFT c. Walls. Turn slopes on or off.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. TAB b. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. a. Change the direction of the roof. Face 3. profile 2. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. True b. Footprint b. DEL d. Cut/Lengthen c. Roofs can be created using ______. Create Slope d. Defines Slope c. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Activate Slope 9. To add a slope to a roofline. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. ______ or _______. Footprint.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create filled regions. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Lesson Plan 1. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.

cabinetry. After completing this lesson. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior.Sections and Elevations . Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. the kitchen. floor. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. bathrooms.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and special equipment. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. In a residential building. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Sections are used to examine the roof. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and tool racks. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. the location of special equipment. In a commercial structure. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and math standards. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Engineering. technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. Technology. and Language Arts.

t Cross or transverse sections. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and are properly cross-referenced. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and foundation plans. on the long axis of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. framing.Sections and Elevations . s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. across its narrower dimension.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.

full. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Sections and Elevations . s The position relationship between different elements. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. such as doors and windows.

however. the titles assigned (North. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. and so forth. With interior elevations. cars. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. shadows. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You may. East. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. The size of the object is listed first. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. people. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. For a wood structure. For example. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. South. this is reversed. or methods of installation. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. followed by any additional information about spacing. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. the surface covering and underlayment is notated." Mfr. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Unnecessary Information Shades. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. quantity. Therefore. bushes. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. and then the name of the material. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. For siding. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building.

finished floor-to-ceiling heights. casements. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. and lip. other openings. or decorative patterns. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It may have curves. shelf arrangements. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. This is more costly than regular overlay. The trim is usually glued into place. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . tile. and other appliances. Molding is normally decorative in nature. which is a formed pressboard. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Molding is usually made of plaster. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. or linoleum) and the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. dishwashers. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". It can also be used around doorways and windows. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. and types of finish materials used. wood. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Hinges are concealed. and special equipment such as toilets.Sections and Elevations . Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. chamfers. doors. or a baseboard. doors and direction of door swings. coving. or MDF. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. This is usually done using a topset. windows. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. flush overlay. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and materials used. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0".

s Place a section view on a sheet. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Change the section head. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. which you can then add to a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Add slope annotations. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. and a section symbol on all plans. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create an interior elevation. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet.

You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. like an elevation. Once created. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. A section is a horizontal view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. technology. Engineering. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. engineering.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow.Sections and Elevations . 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and math standards. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

or other section view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. For example. elevation. provided its crop region intersects the view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . the section symbol does not display in that plan view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.Sections and Elevations . When you create a section view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. By resizing the crop region.

This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. In a set of construction documents. Once you create the detail section. In the example shown. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add structural details. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Add breaklines as needed. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Details are crucial for effective construction. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. So. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. such as anchor bolts and siding. which is spoken as 2 in 12. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Add detail notes. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Slope is also referred to as pitch. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool.

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 4. The completed exercise 6. Create a Section View 1. The Section command is available from the View tab. Create panel. On the View tab. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.rvt. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Sections and Elevations s 311 . In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 3. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". click Section. Open the file ADA_Sections. The file opens to a 3D view. 2.

s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The actual location is not critical. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Section Properties 1.Sections and Elevations . the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. With the section line selected. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. On the Properties palette. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and it has control grips to resize it. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. This is called the crop region. 3. 2.

5. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Clear Crop Region Visible.rvt.4. 6. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 7. you automatically created a section view. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In the Properties palette. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The section view updates. When you drew the section line. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 8. In this exercise.

No Arrow. enter Open Arrow. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 5. Click OK. Several section head families are available. On the Insert tab. 2. The view does not change. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. click Duplicate. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.rvt. They include Section Head . 4.Sections and Elevations . Load from Library panel. On the Manage tab. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Settings panel.Filled.rfa. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. and Section Head .1 point Filled. Section Head . Select Section Head-Open. 3. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 6.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 7. Click Open to load the family. click Load Family.

select Open Arrow. For Name. The section head updates to the new head type. 10. In the Section Tag field. Select the section line.8. In this exercise. enter Open Arrow. 11. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.Open. 13. Click Duplicate. Sections and Elevations s 315 .rvt. For Section Head. 9. click Edit Type. Save as Unit8_section_open. 12. 14. Click OK. Click OK. select Section Head . No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. On the Properties palette. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line.

4. This is a building section. On the View tab. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.rvt. click Callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. select the border of the callout. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 5. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Create panel. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 3.Sections and Elevations . 6. To reposition the callout head. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0".

On the Options Bar. Line is selected automatically.7. On the Annotate tab. 1. You can add detail lines. On the Draw panel. 3. 8. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. detail components. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. click Region > Filled Region. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. but not strongly. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 2. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 4. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 317 . select Chain. On the Properties palette. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Detail panel. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. as shown. region patterns. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view.

On the Properties palette. Click Modify. 7.5. 6. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.Sections and Elevations . You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. enter Earth. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Click OK. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. For Name. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Select the upper and right side lines.

On the Mode panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Detail panel.rfa. On the Annotate tab.8. the pattern becomes visible. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . If you zoom in closer. Sections and Elevations s 319 . which are visible only in the view where they are placed. 3. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. select Finish (green check). Click OK.Section. click Load Family. On the Place Detail Component tab. 1. Click Open. the filled region may appear as solid fill. click Component > Detail Component. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. 2. Detail panel. From the Fill Pattern list. 9.

From the Type Selector. In the Specify Types dialog box.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.4. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 5. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. 8. Move it after placement if necessary. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 7. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. select Plywood. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. From the Type Selector. Using the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector list. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.6. Add another Detail Component.

at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Use the image below for guidance.9. 11. 12. On the Properties palette. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. set the Thickness to 3/4". 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. Click Component > Detail Component. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. This component represents the subflooring. Select the vertical plywood. select anchor bolt. Click Modify. From the Type Selector. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.Sections and Elevations . Place the component similarly to the image below. The exact vertical placement is not critical.

Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector. On the Options Bar.13. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Add another Detail Component. Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. select Multiple. 14. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Lap Siding. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Copy.

From the Line Style Selector. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 16. Add Detail Lines 1. 2. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. On the Annotate tab. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . click Detail Line. Detail panel. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Save the file. Start at the end of the siding. select Wide Lines.15.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 5. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 4. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.3. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Still using Wide Lines. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Zoom out.

Sections and Elevations . Save the file. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 2. The wall display updates. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Select the wall so it highlights. 10. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 8. identified as Wall material 1. Right-click. select the Material field in row 3.6. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Next. click Insulation. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Add Insulation 1. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click Edit in the Structure field. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 7. Click Modify. 9.

1. click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 327 . On the Annotate tab. Your view should resemble the image shown. Detail panel. select Break Line.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. From the Type Selector. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3.

328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail lines. 7. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). and detail components to it. Save the file. Place the breakline as shown. To complete the detail. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. You place another breakline. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 5. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 6. The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Zoom to Fit. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted.Sections and Elevations . The view should resemble the image shown. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool.4. In this exercise.

To add notes. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 3. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. With nothing selected in the view. 2.rvt. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. s Clear Annotation Crop. quantity. weatherproofing. The size of the object is listed first. 1. The border around the view will disappear. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA).

As you pull your cursor to the right. insulation. On the Format panel. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 8. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .4" WEATHERING. From the Type list. 5. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 7. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 9. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. R13. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. click Text. 6. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. On the Annotate tab. Text panel. 10. Finally. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.Sections and Elevations . click Two Segments. 12. leader arrow as shown. Move the pointer up 11.

. Start the next text at the baseboard.C.. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 14.C. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 18. 17. O.C.TYPE X. Start the next text at the floorboard. 15. or wood treated with preservative against rot. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. as the second line of text. Click off the text to finish the entry. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. is an acronym for On Center. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. CONT is short for Continuous.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 16. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.13. Start the next text at the interior wall. 20. 19. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. .

23. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 21. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . In this exercise. Click Modify. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations ..Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click Zoom to Fit. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 22. Click ENTER to start a second line.

or elevation view.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. section. 5. Click New Sheet. 6. Click Open. Highlight your title block. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. In this exercise. In the Project Browser. 3. 4. The new sheet becomes the current view. and locate the detail view on it. 2. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Right-click. click Load. highlight Sheets. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Sections and Elevations s 333 . In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Locate the A-Landscape.

On the View Control Bar. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Select a Level Line. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border.7.Sections and Elevations . 8. Both Level ends will move together. Drag it to the right. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. click Hide Crop Region. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 9. On the View Control Bar. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Click the control at its left end. click Show Crop Region. select view Detail at Foundation. In the Project Browser.

enter Detail at Foundation Sill.10. For Name.rvt. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click Rename. enter S. Right-click. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In this exercise. 12. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit.301. For Number. 11. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. In the Project Browser. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Sections and Elevations s 335 . highlight the new sheet. 13.

Click the Annotations tab. Select Elevations. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . south. 5. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add material notes. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 2. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. It is defined by the green dotted line. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. When you create a project with a template. Right-click. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 2. east. s Add slope indication for roof. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click OK. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. s Set the display for building components as needed.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Click Zoom to Fit. s Add any necessary dimensions. 3. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. The elevation markers are now visible. and west.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 4. Open ADA_Elevations. four elevation views are included: north.Sections and Elevations . 6.

adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 3. Click OK to exit the dialog box. clear Sections. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. clear Planting. On the View Control Bar.2. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Annotations tab. On the Modelling tab. 4. Next.

Click Zoom to Fit. click to open the list. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. modified its display.Sections and Elevations . In Surface Pattern. you activated an elevation view. On the Properties palette.7. 8. 13. select Edit in the Structure field. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 12. and modified the wall display characteristics.rvt. Click the button that displays to select a material. 9. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 11. It will be identified as Condo . In this exercise. Select the wall. click Edit Type. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 10.Exterior Stucco. Select Sand.

then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 4. quantity. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 5. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. In the Type Selector. 2. 3. Enter TX. Add a note for the foundation. The size of the object is listed first. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Sections and Elevations s 339 .rvt. or methods of installation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Add a note for the stone wall.

8. 9. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the exterior stucco.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the brick wall. 7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. In this exercise.6.rvt.

from the Slope Representation list. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. On the Options Bar. select Triangle. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Click to select the roof line. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.rvt. click Spot Slope. 4. 1. enter 1/8". 3.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 2. Dimension panel. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 6. 5. For Offset from Reference. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Sections and Elevations s 341 .

Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab.7. 11. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. click Aligned. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. Click to locate the slope indicator. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 10. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Dimension panel. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.

To create a continuous dimension as shown. Arrange notes. and vertical dimensions. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. and dimensions for clarity. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. slope indicators. leaders. 13.12. 14. In this exercise. The west elevation now contains material notes. select wall breaks and levels.rvt. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.

Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 3. and cabinetry. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Click Open View. equipment rooms. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Click Find Referring Views.Sections and Elevations .rvt. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. special closets. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Highlight the view. Right-click. kitchens. This view was already defined in the drawing. In this exercise. In the Project Browser. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. dimensions.

Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. 7. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Sections and Elevations s 345 . The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. On the Annotate tab. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click OK. In the Name box. 6. 5. click Aligned. Select Suppress 0 Feet. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Dimension panel. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Clear Use Project Settings. s s s s Click Duplicate.4. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Right-click.

and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. detail the interior section. You modified a dimension style. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Using the Text and Dimension tools. In this exercise. 10.Sections and Elevations .9. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.rvt.

True b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Nobody in Charge d. False 3. s Create slope annotations. c. Show the relationships between elements. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create filled regions. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. All of the above 5. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. General Questions 1. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. d. s Create a section view. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Walls c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Cabinetry d. b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Either one. b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. such as north. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Not in Contract c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Not in Concrete b. is always the true orientation. 4. s Create material annotations. The orientation of the exterior elevation. it depends. The direction the structure is facing. All of the above. c. 2. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . a.

The detail level of the view. Click Add View. 4. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you use: a. Element properties c. Sun and Shadow b. Right-click. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser.Revit Architecture Questions 1. d. click Sheet Composition > View. True b. b and c. The height of the view. South d. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. c. North 3. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. West c. b.Sections and Elevations . False 2. d. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. True b. Which elevation is it? a. a. c. The Visual Style of the view. but not a 6. On the View tab. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The boundaries of the view. a. False 5. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. East b. b. The dotted line indicates: a.

4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. 5. 3. s Load a schedule tag. Review Schedules. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 6. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Lesson Plan 1.

Schedules . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

Engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. technology. Some of these building objects include.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and thickness. width. Technology. engineering. height. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Schedules s 351 . such as reference number. about the building objects in your architectural plan.

There are different types of schedule tables. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. However.Schedules . each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the same primary information is included. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Instance. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . However. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A circle. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. E for electrical. Like schedules. hexagon. window. Using the software.Schedules . and A for appliances. Other letters are P for plumbing. The following image shows door.

s Export a schedule. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Engineering. Math (STEM). and math standards. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. materials. s Create a room schedule. Project templates include preset schedules. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. rooms. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. equipment. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedules s 355 . s Add room tags. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules list items such as doors. windows. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. hardware.

This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.rvt. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. and you set the schedule to display totals. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Schedules . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. 2. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Continue to add fields to the schedule. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Add Count. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. On the View tab. Level. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Schedules s 357 . 3. 7. Height. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Type Mark. Click Add. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Select Windows from the list. 4. 6. select Comments.s Window Tag 5. In Available Fields. and Width.

Schedules . 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 9. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Click OK to finish the schedule. from left to right. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.8.

Select Blank Line. select Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Schedules s 359 . Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. From the Sort By list. 2. 1. but without any useful calculations yet. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3.

Rather than make a manual calculation. In the Project Browser.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. click Edit. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. you can have the schedule report this. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. clear Itemize Every Instance. 2. for Sorting/ Grouping. click the schedule name. select Level. 1.Schedules . The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. 4. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette. in this case). To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Notice how the schedule has changed. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . in the Then By sorting field.

for Sorting/ Grouping. In this exercise. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Footer. Schedules s 361 . Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. The totals for each window type now display. 6.5. select Title. click Edit 7. and Totals. s Set the schedule to display category totals. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.rvt. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. On the Properties palette. Count. From the list. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.

Room size. Open ADA_Room_Tags. In this exercise.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 3. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. 2. Click Open. Locate the file named Room Tag. 4. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Overwrite the Existing Version. 5. floor type. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.Schedules .rvt. On the Home tab. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Room & Area panel. occupancy. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. click Room > Room. ceiling type. based on the amount of space in each room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.

click Room > Room Separation Line. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Schedules s 363 . On the Home tab. Click Modify to terminate the placement.In the Type Selector. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 6. Room & Area panel. 8. a total of 7. and in the hall as shown. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 7.

Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. s Click the Room text. 10. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 11. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Select Room #2. Click Modify. 12. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. An edit box activates.Schedules . The cursor changes to sketch mode. click Room. The area value for Room 7 updates. The room tag updates. s Change the word Room to Manager. 13. On the Room & Area panel.9.

s Added a room separation. for Name. s Changed room tag field values. Schedules s 365 . Save the file as Unit9_rooms. enter Sales.14. On the Properties palette. you: s Loaded a room tag. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. In this exercise.rvt. 15. s Tagged various objects. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.

Create a Room Schedule 1. 4. Name. 3. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. In the Available Fields pane. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Click Add--> after each selection. and Area to be included in your schedule. 6. Set the Sort By value to Number. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. The completed exercise 5. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Create panel.Schedules . For Name. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. On the View tab. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click OK. 2. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. enter Square Footage Report. select Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms.

s Click Field Format. Highlight the Area field. Schedules s 367 . s Set Units to Square Feet. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 8. 10. Change the Heading to No. Highlight the Number field. Select Grand Totals. clear Use Project Settings.7. s Set Alignment to Right. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click OK. In the Format dialog box. 9. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Select Calculate Totals.

you: s Created a room schedule. 12. In this exercise.rvt. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.11. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Totaled one of the columns.

rvt. Click Save. Schedules s 369 . locate the file you created. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Using your Windows Explorer. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 5. 3. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The file is created. On the application menu. you export the room schedule to a text file. Double-click it to open it.txt) file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Browse to a directory to save your report. Click OK.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 2. You can then use this file in other applications. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Note the formatting that has been applied. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 6. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 4. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.Schedules . 8.7. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. Close the text file.

s Export a schedule. False 4. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Type b. True b. s Reformat a schedule. a. Instance 3. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Questions 1. What is a schedule table? a. s Load a schedule tag. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Matrix d. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. a. d. you learned to: s Create a schedule. A list of sheets used in a project. Quantity c. None of the above. s Place a schedule tag. b. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A list of information that defines specific building objects. 2. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. c.

XLS c. Application menu d. CSV d. View tab c. a. use the ____ . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Manage tab 3. Home d. View c. TXT b. To export a schedule. Annotate b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Modify 2. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Schedules . Annotate tab b.

5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 3.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.

s Add planting components. you create a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. s Export a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Finally. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera.Visualization . s Play a walkthrough. Math (STEM). s Create a raytrace rendering. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. and Language Arts. Engineering. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . After completing this lesson. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Assign materials. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Orient walls and windows. or camera on a path. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Create and edit a walkthrough. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file.

and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You worked on animations. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. s s 2. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Assign materials. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Open Unit2_custom_family. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. courseware datasets. s Make a camera view the active view. To prepare your model for rendering. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.rvt. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format.

5. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. If you do not see any change in the wall display. The wall display updates. Stud. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Right-click. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside.Visualization .3. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. The walls now display layers of materials. Select one of the exterior walls. Select any exterior wall. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 6.

select the icon at the right of the Materials field. On the Properties palette. Click Change wall's orientation. Select walls. you can: s s s 9. Select the toposurface object. 10. Open the Default 3D view.7. In addition to using the control arrows. Select Site: Grass. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Visualization s 377 . Right-click. 8. Repeat the process for the windows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click OK.

Export the Model to FBX 1. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Accept the default name that Revit assigns. for Files of type. 12. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Select the Roof. you have completed this exercise. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Import > Import. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Note the file location.Visualization . Select the file name. Save the file as Unit10_Export. click Export > FBX. 3. This will filter the file list.rvt. On the application menu. 2. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design.FBX). select Autodesk (*. Click OK in any notices and warnings. and click Open. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Depending on your system resources.11. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.

Visualization s 379 . click Next. Depending on your system resources. There is no way to update it from Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. you have completed this exercise.4. Open or return to Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 3. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 2. open Unit10_Export. If necessary. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Close the file without saving. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Export the Model to DWG 1. Note the file location.rvt.

Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Open or return to Revit.4. Select two windows as shown. 7. If necessary. 8.max. 5. 9. open Unit10_Export.rvt. Close the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Select the file name. click References > File Link Manager. click Attach This File. 6. In the File Link Manager . On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Open 3ds Max Design. click File. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.Visualization . Click Open.

12. The windows have updated. Open the 3D view. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the file. Visualization s 381 .10. 11. Save the export file using the same name as before. In the dialog box. 13. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

Open the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Oriented walls and windows. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Close the File Link Manager. s Changed a material definition.14. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design.Visualization . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The windows have changed. Open the Files tab. In this exercise. The linked file updates. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Click Reload. 15.

you place a camera in a model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. If you place the camera too close to the model. Open Unit10_Export. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. On the View tab. In this exercise. generate a rendering. Place a Camera 1. Open the Site view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. change materials. 3. click Camera. Create panel. 2. and create a second rendering.rvt. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. as shown. add plantings to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 .

click Show Rendering Dialog. Return to the perspective view. 7. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s s s s Open a floor plan view. 5. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. select Very Few Clouds. The camera perspective view opens. 6. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Click Show Camera. On the View Control Bar. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Render Setup 1. 2.4. Open the Site view again. The camera will be visible. If necessary. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Right-click. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown.Visualization .

Model Site panel. Output Settings. Click Render. Enhance the Model 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Click Render.30' approximately as shown. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Open the Site view.3. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open view 3D View 1. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 2. 3. On the Massing & Site tab. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. click Site Component. Visualization s 385 . and Lighting.

Wood Shake. Click Edit in the Structure field. 6. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 4. select Roofing . 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . In the Save to Project dialog box. Select the roof. 2. click Show the Model. 3. Select an exterior wall. In the Rendering dialog box. 5. click OK. In the Materials list. On the Properties palette. The model displays in the view. Change Materials 1. Revit places the image in its own view. In the Layer 1 Material field. On the Properties palette. click Save to Project. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box.4. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click Edit Type. 5. and you can now select elements for editing.

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 8. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click Edit in the Structure field. Visualization s 387 . 9. Click Replace.10. 7. Click the Render Appearance tab.

Visualization . Select Masonry . 15. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Generated and captured a render image. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 12. click Save to Project.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_render. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Generated and captured a second render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.11. In the Rendering dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view. 16. s Created a raytrace setup. In this exercise. 14. click Render. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 13.

The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. In this exercise. Click Zoom Out (2x). and exported individually. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.rvt. The cursor changes to a crosshair. 4. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Visualization s 389 . s Right-click again. click to the left of the model as shown. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. or frame. 3. or walkthroughs. Each view. 2. Open Unit10_render. rendered. To place a key frame. Click Zoom to Fit. Create panel. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Edit the camera and path. in a project model. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s View the animation in a media player. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open floor plan view Level 1. The camera and path can be edited. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Right-click. s On the View tab.

Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. The camera is located on the final key frame.5. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 6. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 9. 8. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. click Finish Walkthrough. Walkthrough panel. 10. click Edit Walkthrough. 7. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Walkthrough panel. 11. Repeat for all the key frames. Select the direction control for the camera. The Options Bar changes. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Drag it to the left.Visualization .

If camera positions distort. select Path. The path displays control dots at key frames. Check the view in several key frames. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Open. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 3. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Visualization s 391 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the Walkthrough panel. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 2. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 13. click Next Key Frame.12. From the Controls list. Click Edit Walkthrough.

Click Play. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click Save. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 2.Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Length/Format dialog box. Click OK. click OK. Export the Walkthrough 1. Revit generates the external AVI file. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 4. 3. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.rvt. 2. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . On the application menu. notice where you save the file. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. In the Video Compression dialog box. select a video compression method to hold down file size. File Name.

6. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Double-click the new file name. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player.5.

you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player. In this exercise.Visualization . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .7. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. If you have made changes to the building model.

s Play a walkthrough. Demolish 2. Questions 1. Print to File b. s Export a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. Save As > FBX c. s Create and edit a walkthrough. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Assign materials. View > Shading d. s Apply shading to a view. True b. False Summary/Questions s 395 . a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Flip Orientation d. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. True b. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. False 2. Align c. s Create a raytrace rendering. Split b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you use: a. s Place a camera. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Add planting components. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. True b. a. s Export a DWG file. s Export an FBX file. Export > FBX 3.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Review structural columns. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . foundations. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 2. and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams and braces. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. 4. you learn how to place structural columns. Lesson Plan 1. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 5. In the following exercises. beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. beam systems.

Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and other structural elements will be located in a building. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.Structural . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

Knowing where structural members. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.Structural .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects.

Place columns and beams on grids. Create column grids. Engineering. Structural s 401 . Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Place beam systems and braces. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

spans without walls. or concrete. On the View Control Bar.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. 2. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Structural columns can be steel. often mainly glass. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. click Temporary Hide/Isolate .Hide Category. In residential construction. or reinforced concrete. In this exercise. 3. Open Deck Framing. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. click Column > Structural Column. Select a floor. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Beams connect columns or walls. They come in types defined by size and shape. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. this is known as post and beam construction. 1. As with columns. beams can be steel. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. wood.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. wood. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.Structural . The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 3A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the Options Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 5. On the View Control Bar. 8. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. In the Type Selector. 6.4. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and 4B. 7. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. click Depth. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Structural s 403 . Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A.

Open Plan View Deck Framing. and columns clearly. Place Beams 1. rail. Click off the columns to clear your selection set.Structural . 11. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Hide In View > Element. Click OK. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). The columns are now hidden by the floors. Right-click. 10.9. 2. Click OK. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the two floors. double-click view Framing Cutaway. In the Project Browser.

To place beams: Structural s 405 . s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s In the view window. click Beam. select Chain. In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab. 4.3. 5. Structure panel. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. Click Modify. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. 6. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7.

click Beam. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Structure panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. click Make Wall Bearing. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.rvt. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. Click on grid intersection B4. 11. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structural s 407 . In this exercise. 12. 9. as shown. Click.8. Click Modify. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Click OK. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.

rvt. Place Beam Systems 1. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. Open Deck Beams. On the Structure tab. click Sketch Beam System. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. click Pick Supports. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. The completed exercise 5. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab.Structural . Click the beam on Grid 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Beam System. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 3. s Place braces. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. 4. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. click No. In this exercise. distance. you: s Place beam systems. or number of beams in a bay. 2. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears.

On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall. as shown. Structural s 409 . click Line. 7.6.

s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .2". click Line. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s s On the Draw panel.Structural .6". click Pick Supports. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s s On the Draw panel. s 9. On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. click Create Similar. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 11. set Elevation to -0'-9". Click the beam on Grid 2. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click Finish. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.8. 10. On the Mode panel. Trim as necessary. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.

In the Project Browser. as shown. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View tab. On the View Control Bar. Structural s 411 . click Brace.Place Braces 1. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. It has an automatic work plane. 4. 3. 5. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Create panel. Structure panel. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click to place the elevation. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. unlike regular elevations. 2. On the Structure tab.

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Click Modify. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 7. 8.Structural .6. Repeat the brace going right to left. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. to start the brace. In the Type Selector.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. you: s Placed beam systems. Structural s 413 . In this exercise. Save the file as Deck structure. s Placed braces. 11.10.

beams. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. This is a common step early in designing a large building. In this exercise. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. elevation. The exact location is not critical. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. 2. click Grid. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Datum panel. click in the lower left to start a grid line. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and walls. Pull the cursor straight up.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s s In the view window. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. as shown. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. but they can also be angular and radial. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The numbering automatically increments. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. and section views. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. You can change a grid number at any time. In plan views. Grid datasets.Structural . The exact length is not critical.

Structural s 415 .3. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. Click to place a new grid line. 4. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The Grid tool is still active.

You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.5. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. click Copy. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. 7. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. The new grid line is number 5. Pull the cursor to the right.Structural . 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Enter A at the keyboard. Press ENTER. The new grid line will be number 3. s Select Grid Line 2. Repeat to create grid line 4. Click to start a grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Press ENTER. 6. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Pull the cursor to the left. Grid 3 is already the selection set. click to place the grid line. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. close to the heads.

Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Grid 2. 10. Structural s 417 . 9. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. On the grid line. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.1 is still selected. 11. The Grid tool is still active.8. click the elbow control to place an offset. This grid line will be number B. s Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.1. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. This completes the main grid. Change the number to 2. s Click Copy. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.

Revit will convert this to 15'-0". 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s Click grid intersection D3. click Grid.Structural . In the Radius field. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Create panel. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 4. The Grid tool is still active. set Offset to 15'-0". click Pick. On the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. click Radius. On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. s Click to start the grid line. Press ENTER. On the Home tab. Change the number to EE. Click in the new grid bubble.000 o . 3. enter 15. Click to place the grid head. select Center-Ends Arc.

Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Select grid 3 to show its controls. 7.5. 6. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click to place grid FF. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Structural s 419 . Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together.

Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. Revit will create grid 32. 9. Zoom to Fit. s In this exercise. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click Mirror . click Create Similar. s Select grid 31. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s 10.Pick Axis.8. Enter 31 to change the name.Structural . s Select grid 3.000. s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. 11. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.rvt.

Structural s 421 . the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. In this exercise. you typically create a grid. s Add footings to columns. In the Type Selector. s Change a grid layout. This is a steel column. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. click Column > Structural Column. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. As a result. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s 3. 2. s Use a column grid to place beams. Now you place columns at grid intersections. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structure panel.

4. 3.Structural . A. set Height to Level 3. 4. In the Multiple panel. 5. B. 2. C and D. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.s s On the Options Bar. On the Multiple panel. click At Grids. click Finish. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 6. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

On the Multiple panel. Zoom to Fit. 5. Window-select all the grid lines. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 2. Structural s 423 . click Finish. 4. The grid. Click Grid 1. columns. and beams will move to the right. click Beam. click On Grids. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. Open Floor Plan Level 2.

On the Multiple panel. click Undo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Columns and beams will move to the right.Structural . Open the Default 3D view. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. click Finish. 4. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click Isolated. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. In the view window. window-select all the columns. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. On the Quick Access toolbar. click No. 6. 2.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click At Columns. 1. 3. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Click OK. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". To change the size of the footing. The footing changes size. A warning displays. Structural s 425 . s On the Properties palette. 6. Select the footing at the base of the extended column.5. in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". The footing had been placed at Level 1. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Press ESC to clear the column selection. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 7. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool.

you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout. Save and close the file.Structural . 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams. s Added footings to columns.8. In this exercise.

s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics.Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Brace c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place braces. s Use a column grid to place columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. 2. Column b. s Place beam systems. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Questions 1. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Beam d. True b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. All of the above.

you can: a. A and B. 2. When placing columns or beams. All of the above. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. Use grid lines and grid intersections.Structural . Select a beam type and define the system layout. c. To change the height of a column. To create a beam system. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. If you relocate a grid line. Properties c. Select the type of beam or column to place. Pick points. b. 5. Flip Orientation d. False 4. True b. True b. A but not B. 3. you use: a. d. c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: a. Stretch b. d.

Milwaukee. Poway.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Ltd. Poway High School. CA Ronald A Williams. WI Roger Dohm . Mathematics.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Inc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Randy Dymond.org Project Lead the Way. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Smith . Starkweather . Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Susan Harrington .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .Teacher. Copyright s 431 .Instructor.Director. International Technology Education Association www.iteaconnect. South Division High School.Executive Director. PE .

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