Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls. the display shows editable distances and angles. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

Other building elements such as doors. and 3D views. windows.Software Tools . elevation. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. You can add building elements in plan. roofs. floors. section. stairs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.

the other will move as well. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the illustration shown. In the two illustrations shown. If one is moved. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. or at any time after.

all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . In essence.

engineering. s Constrain placement of objects. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Place a predefined Mass family. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Engineering. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Technology. and math standards. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. technology. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Math (STEM). s Describe the tools for placing building elements.

or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. There are mass families available to load into a project. walls. and curtain systems. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. roofs. or masses. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. A designer. size. quickly. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. such as distance requirements from roadways. you can create in-place masses. owner. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and then converted into building components such as floors. Masses can be edited in many ways.Software Tools . The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools .

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. walls. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs. masses. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Technology. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. tags. and symbol heads. Annotation includes text notes. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and math standards. legends.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . s Explain the use of dimensions. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering.

24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be linear. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial. or angular.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. and permanent dimensions for annotating.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

engineering. and math standards. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Open tabs on the ribbon. This lesson relates to science. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Work with tool buttons. and Language Arts. Technology. Engineering. technology. the Type Selector.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Software Tools . and Options Bar. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

The ribbon sits above the drawing window. beams.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. windows. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Its position is fixed. for instance. Display and Navigation s 31 . and rooms. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Some commands will not be active (that is. doors. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. braces. and text. trusses. columns. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. symbols. structural walls. detailing. Display and Navigation s 33 . and foundations. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. Context tabs display as you work. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. and parameters. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.Software Tools . copy/paste.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. This menu has file management tools such as New.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . and Close. Open. Print. Save.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible. families. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. schedules. sheets. schedules. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.Software Tools . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. and groups. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Legends.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Windows panel on the ribbon. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar.Software Tools . visual style. rendering (in 3D views). shadow display. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. View Control Bar View scale. A check mark indicates it is visible. sun settings. cropping. level of detail. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.

View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Display and Navigation s 43 . Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. To change the scale of a view. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.

Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

sun and shadow intensity. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. which can be according to the view. or by global location.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. date and time. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

enabling you to select them. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. along with other display settings. These controls. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Display and Navigation s 55 . The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Nine tabs are available: Home. Massing & Site. Manage and Modify. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Collaborate. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Annotate. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Structure. Insert. To activate or open a view. View.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

When a context tab is active. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. If you select items in the view window. Options Bar. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs. Properties Palette. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab opens on the ribbon. showing options that you can select while you are working. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

the application menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. On the right is a list of recently opened files.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. such as File Open. New File. The application menu contains file management controls. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. and Publish. Display and Navigation s 65 . Click a file name to open that file. File Save. File Close only appears on the application menu. Print. Export. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

After you have examined each of them. Do this for other tabs. make the Home tab active. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Display and Navigation s 67 . Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. On the ribbon. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. If you select the menu option. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. 3. 2. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The completed exercise 4. or click New > Project from the application menu. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window.

hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. and then viewed. 7. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Cycle Through All. 6. you opened a project file. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. In this exercise.Software Tools . You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. They disappear when you move the cursor away. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.5. Close the file without saving. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.

Exercise 2. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. 2. In the Project Browser. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. You worked on this file in Getting Started.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. doubleclick the view name. Open quick_start_building_elements.

6.3. doors. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. You are selecting everything visible. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click OK. and windows highlight blue. Click any interior wall. 5. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. On the Properties palette. Clear Walls and Doors. Click the door in the upper left of the model. all the walls. . 8.Software Tools . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 7. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 4.

rvt. In this exercise. 11. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 10. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. On the Properties palette. 12. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click any door. Place a door as shown. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Display and Navigation s 71 .9. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. you opened a project file. examined the menus and toolbars. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool.

operating settings. display controls. System families include levels. Technology. and elevation views by default. building elements (walls. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and views. Component families include model objects (furniture. templates. s Load and place component families. In the exercises. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and 3D views using the View menu. s Work with Revit families. To review the list of standards for each lesson. either predefined or user-created. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. schedules. lines. floors). ceiling plan.Software Tools . and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Revit provides floor plan. Pan. drafting views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. Engineering. and Language Arts. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Math (STEM). Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. annotations. mechanical equipment). s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. You can create sections. s Create a new in-place family.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology. and math standards.This lesson relates to science. engineering.

Clear the check mark next to Elevations. There is also a copy in the course datasets. First. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. Click the Annotation Categories tab. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. is an extensive database. Click OK. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Unit2_building_elements. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The elevation markers disappear from the view. even a small one. The display changes. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.Software Tools .Exercise: View Controls A building model. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Right-click.rvt. 2. VG also opens the dialog box. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. There is no way to see everything in it. 3. Four elevation markers are visible. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Use your keyboard to enter VV.

Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. In the Project Browser. Enter ZF. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Select the roof outline. so be sure to select them both. 7. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 5. Select Detail Level: Medium. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Click and drag the cursor as shown. On the View Control Bar. Click Zoom In Region. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Zoom to Fit. There are two parts to an elevation. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. 6. Right-click.4. Click Open. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. click Detail Level. Right-click.

as before. Enter VH. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Turn off visibility of the elevations. 2. doors and windows are not shown. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.Software Tools . There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. On the Properties palette. change the Underlay value to None. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Click Zoom to Fit. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. View Properties 1. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.8. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit.

Right-click. Next to View Range. 4.0".3. click Edit. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Working with Views and Objects s 77 . By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. and where the cut plane sits. For Name. Click Rename. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. the ridge is now visible. enter Roof. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK.

78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Still. 3.Graphic Display Options 1. select Shadows On. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 5. under Solar Study. In the dialog box that opens. Set the time to 9:30 am. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Open Elevation view South. 2.Software Tools . Accept the location that activates. select Shading with Edges. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Winter Solstice. 4. In the Presets list. In the Sun Settings dialog box.

rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit2_views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update. In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. and families in place. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. On the Home tab. s A system family. There are system families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and place Revit families. load. and so on. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or stand-alone (for example. or institutional structures. 2.Software Tools . and annotations are examples of standard families. roofs. and floors. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. and use a Revit family to place a door.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Additionally. In Revit. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. railings. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Build panel. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. furniture). These components are called families and there are several different types. and furniture. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. standard families. Doors are considered standard family entities. commercial. such as levels. furniture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. You add closet doors to interior walls. is predefined within Revit. walls.rvt. click Door. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Doors. you open an existing project file. windows. doors and windows are dependent on walls). This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Open Unit2_views. lights. 3. windows. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. floors.

rvt. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Click Open. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. On the Modify | Place Door tab. As you move your cursor near any wall. and Annotation.rfa. 4. 5.rfa. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Tag panel. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Click the Doors folder. Click Open. Locate Double Panel 2. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. If you highlight a door family. You click to place an instance of the door family. Furniture. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Family files have a file extension of *.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. It has a number of different sizes defined. Accept the default size. s s 6. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Project files have a file extension of *.

In this exercise. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you located. simply click it.7. and placed instances of a door family. Place an instance of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Place two more instances of the door as shown.Software Tools . Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. loaded.rvt. but not strongly. 8. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. 9.

The required width is not available. you open an existing project file. This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name. Open Unit2_doors_walls. Select the double door as shown. Click OK. click Duplicate. enter 48" x 80". 5. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 2. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. and create an in-place family. 4. 3. modify a door family.rvt. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Software Tools . Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Click OK. select Generic Models.6. On the Properties palette. Click OK. enter Hall Clock. click Component > Model In-Place. The door updates. In the dialog box. On the Home tab. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 4. For Name. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 5. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. is to create a component family in place. 3. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Build panel. 2. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 1. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.

6. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.rvt. 12. 13. Click OK. You have created the base of the clock. The family model updates. and placed a door family. On the Draw panel. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . loaded. 11. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 8. The exact dimensions and location are not critical.2". In this exercise. Revit will display . click Rectangle. 10. you located. as shown. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 9. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".0' 2". 7. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.4" as shown. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law.

7. s Change type properties of a family. Zoom to the entire model. True b. The tool shown is used to: a. d. Questions 1.Software Tools . Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. True b. Views can be renamed. d. b. b. True b. Either a or b. Each project has several predefined views. 6. Go to View > View Name in the menu. a. s Change view displays. To activate a view: a. False 3. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. False 4. and click Open. True b. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. s Change view properties. Create a 3D perspective view. b. Turn on Shadows. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. c. s Create an in-place model family. c. load. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. and place a family from a library. Right-click.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. and Options Bar. context tabs. Spin the model in 3D space. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. depending on the template selected. c. s Open different views. False 2. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Access. False 5. s Adjust Visual Style Options. tab. d. a. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a.

Properties palette 10. a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse.) are called: a. Standard b. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. In-Place d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Project Browser d. Multiview b. etc. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Rotate c. All of the above. depending on settings 9. A family created within a project is called ________________. a. Scroll d.8. Blocks c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Parts d. Pan and Zoom b. Families 11. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. System c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . windows.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimension and text styles. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 3. Lesson Plan 1. 6. 8. 7. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 5. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Create dimensions and text. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 4. 9. 2.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson.Standards and Building Codes . Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). Visit the AIA website at www. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and so forth. and Language Arts. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Explain why templates are used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. should be used. colors. linetypes. linetypes. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. and the settings that are preset within them. Many cities and counties have their own rules.aia. colors.aias.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Engineering. defining the layers.org. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. based on the AIA standards. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Technology.org. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Visit the AIAS website at www. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards.

The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. a bathroom. and one closet. like mechanical drawing. windows. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside.Standards and Building Codes . the number being its numerical value. defined and adopted by convention. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. it must have at least one door. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. A unit is a particular physical quantity. A garage must be completely enclosed. a garage. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. For example. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. and so on. doors. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. If it lacks any of these components. it cannot be called a bedroom. a common area (such as a living room or family room). uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. If there is a fire. otherwise it is considered a carport. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. one window. and so on.

Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. unit symbol ft. Another method is to apply dual notation. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . its value is expressed in the unit meter. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. using imperial units. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. such as room size and wall height.. In architectural drafting. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. or imperial. units are applied to dimensions. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. is 169 m. glass. also known as the International System of Units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. and other materials. is 555 ft. Here h is the physical quantity. unit symbol m. However. the construction industry still uses the English. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. system (inches and feet) to order lumber.For example.. in the United States. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.

every 1/8" would represent 1'. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. In Revit Architecture.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).) 8. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Each size is designated by a letter. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. line weight and pattern. and viewports. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . one value representing another value. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. sheets. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".Scales are ratios. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".

01. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. and then add a title block or other symbols. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . symbols. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). temporary Schedules Sections. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. notes Demolition. You create and position views. The integers go from 0 to 9. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).a modified version of the AIA standard. site plan.01. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. elevators. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.

the date drawn. that is. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. The paper is oriented landscape. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Typically. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Usually. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. followed by information on the building's owner. For example. annotation plot sizes. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. drawing scales. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The next space is for tracking revisions. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and so on. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. the electrician. the HVAC company. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The column is divided into sections. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. fonts. and other relevant information. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet.Standards and Building Codes . or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. so that the height is less than the width. the author of the drawing. and layer standards.

required symbols. layer settings. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. dimension and text styles. title blocks. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.

Technology. and Language Arts. and walls. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. dimension styles. These can be used to build your model.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Standards and Building Codes . Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Math (STEM). Engineering.

Settings s 101 . and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology.

In Revit. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.Standards and Building Codes . 3. In the New Project dialog box. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. you create a new project file using a template. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Browse. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. 2. you use templates as starting points. or store. Select a Template 1. Condominiums. click New > Project. apartments. Open Revit to an empty project file. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. On the application menu. factory.

you started a new project file using a standard template.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. In this exercise. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Select the Residential-Default. click Close to close this project without saving. Click Open. Settings s 103 . 5.4. On the application menu. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. 6. saving set up time. Click OK.

You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. The Wall tool remains active.Standards and Building Codes . s Place the cursor over the left wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. 3. 2. Click to start a new wall. open ADA__Settings. Pull the cursor to the right. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. click Wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. The file opens to a 3D view. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . expand Floor Plans under Views. In the Project Browser. the drawing setup options are preset. Build panel. In the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1.rvt. In this exercise.

Settings s 105 . (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.4. Close the file without saving. 5. 8. click to start a new wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change.) 6.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. s Set Unit symbol to m. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Place the cursor over the left wall. and move the cursor right. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Click Format for Length. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. 7.

4. click Aligned. enter Big Text. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open ADA_Dimensions. 1. click Duplicate. temporary and permanent. Dimension panel. Temporary dimensions display when you select. On the Properties palette. but also control the size and location of objects. or insert components.rvt. there are two types of dimensions. Click OK. 3.Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. create. For Name. dimensions not only display. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Edit Type. On the Annotate tab. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. By default. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.

left. s Set Text Size to 3/16".5. 7. Select the top. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. Click to place. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Click OK twice. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The Dimension tool is still active. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 6.

and far right vertical walls. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 9. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes . s s s Select the far left. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Dimension tool stays active. you opened an existing file. created a new dimension style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.8. upper. In this exercise. Click to place the dimension. Close the file without saving.

you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.rvt. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. There are no annotations visible. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan. Right-click. In order to do this. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. 2. In the Project Browser. Settings s 109 . In the datasets folder. These are annotations. Notice the door and window tags. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 3. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.

You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 8. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. On the Manage tab. 7. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Model Categories tab. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. In the Project Browser. Click OK. In the Project Browser. 6. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. click Project Information. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 1. 9.4. Click OK to update the display of this view. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1.Standards and Building Codes . Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Settings panel. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Double-click to open it. Click Rename.

2. In the Value column of Project Address. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click New Sheet. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also enter the address of your school. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Rightclick. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. or supply your own values: Click OK.) 3. 2. Settings s 111 . click Edit. 3. Click OK.Add a Sheet 1. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.

4. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. 5. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value.Standards and Building Codes . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Next. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Click Apply. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.

Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View. Right-click. Select Add View to Sheet. Click Activate View. 3.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 4. 2. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Settings s 113 . Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.

deselect it. Place the cursor 7. of the sheet. Close the file without saving. The view updates on the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. The Scale updates in the title block.5. 6. s Added a sheet. you: select it. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Finish the move. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes.Standards and Building Codes . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Click Open.rft. It opens to the Recent Files window. This is one of the longer exercises. Select A-11x8. On the application menu. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 2. Start Revit Architecture.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. A copy of the 11 x 8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5.5 title block template opens. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 4. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 3. Settings s 115 . click New > Titleblock.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.rfa. you created a title block using a template file. Click Zoom to Fit. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. 10. Add a label for Checked By. Your teacher may specify another location.Landscape. On the Quick Access toolbar. s Click Add. Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. 11. s Accept the Sample Value. 14. 12. Add a label for Sheet Number. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 15. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. select Drawn By. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .9. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Save the title block as A . 13. click Close. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom.Standards and Building Codes . click Save to save the title block. Accept the Sample Value.

A new sheet has been added and is the current view. click New to create a new project using the default template. Insert a Title Block 1. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. you create a new project file. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Settings s 125 . and then load a custom title block into your project. 4. Locate your title block. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. 5. The title block appears in the graphics window. In the Recent Files window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 2. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Click Open. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Highlight the title block and click OK.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 3. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. On the View tab.

edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Select the title block. 6. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Checked By. 2. enter Student Project Unit 3. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 4.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. click Project Information. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. On the Manage tab.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 3. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Click OK. s For Drawn By. enter your instructor's name. enter your name.Standards and Building Codes . 5. Settings panel. In this exercise. you a created a new project file. Click OK. On the Properties palette. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

1. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. In the New Project dialog box. On the application menu. and the units for your custom template. and then load them like families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. There are various settings you can define for your template. 2. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. in addition to predefined wall types. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. such as 3D and plan views. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. Click OK. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Create a Template In this exercise. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. and slope angle. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. settings. you define the title block. including how the rendered image looks. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. you create a new project file. click New > Project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. On the Insert tab. s Families: Load in families you use most often. angles. In this exercise. 3. select Project Template.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. and geometry from the template. a dimension style. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials.

In the Type Properties dialog box. enter 3/16" Verdana. Click OK twice.Landscape. Open the title block A . 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Next. 6. For Name. create a Dimension Style. On the Annotate tab. click Duplicate. 7. Click the Length field in the Format column. 10. click Settings panel > Project Units.rfa. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Set the units for the template. You create a custom dimension style. 9.4. 5. There will be no visible change. 8. Click OK. On the Manage tab.

15. On the Properties palette. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click New Sheet. Click OK. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 14.11. select Sheets (All). In the Project Browser.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Select the A . Change the following settings as shown: 13. Settings s 129 . Rightclick. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click OK.

Click OK. 17. Save your project template in your class project folder. as well as dimension style and units. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.rte. In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template.Standards and Building Codes . title block. and units that you defined. you created a new template file using a dimension style. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. The title block updates.16. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. abstract format.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.02 b. General Questions 1. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. An architect b.05 c. s Create labels. True b. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. A particular physical quantity. NCSESA 2. s Create a dimension style. s Create text.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 1:12 c. 1:32 5. dimension styles. a. False 3. S. A. P. AIA b. s Change dimension colors. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Change lineweight. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. English c. s Create a template. 1:3 b. s Create a text style. NCTM d. and symbols used in drawing? a.Standards and Building Codes . UBC c. you learned to: s Set units in a file. Metric d. a.02 d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a. s Create a title block. is defined as what? a. s Create dimensions. Using AIA Standards. A unit 4. 1:24 d. A.

To change the scale of a view. True b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Wall midpoints d. In Revit Architecture. To set the units in a project. Wall centerlines c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. False 6. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. By default. False 4. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. a. a. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Application menu > New > Sheet b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall faces b. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Application menu > Properties b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. you click: a. dimensions snap to: a. Point offsets 3. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. To create a new sheet.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Align walls. s Define a wall structure. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 6. 4. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 3.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls.

them. their construction and materials. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.Walls . or filling in between. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. List the different types of occupancy. and protect its interior spaces. After completing this lesson. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. separate. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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3. Stud. Enter 10. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. an angular dimension displays. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. As you continue to move the cursor. Expand the Type Selector list. Select the Single Line option. a dashed line displays. Clear the Chain option. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. but it disappears when you begin another action.Brick on Mtl. Walls s 151 . It will not print. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. 4. 5. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. click it to open an edit field.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. To modify a dimension. After you create the wall. the dimension updates incrementally. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. indicating wall length. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Click to set the endpoint.

Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. click Modify to stop placing walls. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. On the Modify | Walls tab. 8. the controls may sit on top of one another. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 7. On the Modify | Place Wall tab.6. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Depending on your zoom in the view. click Create Similar. After setting the vertical wall's direction.Walls . The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Press ENTER. The wall does not show any internal detail. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. click the Detail Level icon. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Create panel. On the View Control Bar. enter 7. Select panel. Click the wall. Click to start the next wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Because you drew the wall from up to down. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. release the mouse button to set a new length. 10. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Click Modify. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Also. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Notice that two dimensions display. no matter where you move the cursor. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Select the right vertical wall. an alignment line displays. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Make the horizontal wall 8' long.9. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Walls s 153 .

When using the Chain option. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 14. On the Home tab. 16. This is the same as clicking Modify. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. click Wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 15.Walls . Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Click Cancel. Select the lower vertical wall.11. Repeat. Build panel. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 12. 13. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Right-click. Sketch the walls as shown. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays.

Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". 19. After clicking the second end.rvt. In this exercise. Click Modify. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. 17. Click Create Similar again.18. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 20. Walls s 155 . Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Zoom to Fit. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Clear the Chain option.

Walls . and extend walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. You now remove the upper right corner. Do the same for the vertical wall. fillet. Split Walls 1.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Only part of the wall highlights. align. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Both split walls are shown below. 4. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 2. To do this. you first split the walls at the intersections. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 3. The cursor changes to a razor blade. This exercise illustrates how to split. trim. Click Modify.rvt from the previous exercise.

This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Options Bar. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Select any wall. Click Fillet Arc. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 3. On the Modify | Walls tab. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can also click the flip control. select Radius. Create panel. Walls s 157 . select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). 5. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Enter 5'.Fillet Walls 1. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Delete. 4. click Undo and repeat the steps. 2. If you make a mistake. click Create Similar. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Modify panel.

select Basic Wall: Interior . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Walls . 1. You align the wall in the next steps. 2. 3. The Wall tool is still active. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Place an interior wall as shown. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.

s On the Options Bar. The length is not critical. Walls s 159 . You can lock the alignment. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Pull the cursor straight up. Click to create a wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor.4.

Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action.Walls . 6. Select the vertical wall as shown. This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 3. 5. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The walls can cross. This will be the border. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. The length is not critical. 2. Select the horizontal wall as shown. Select the two interior walls in turn. 4.s Move the cursor to the left and click.

fillet. and trim. Walls s 161 .rvt. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. align. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. In this exercise.7.

The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.Walls . On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 1.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. In the Project Browser. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 3. satisfy different requirements. The Modify tool is active by default. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. and vary in cost. 2. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.

The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Every layer of a wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. s Select Finish 1 [4]. When you are finished.4. 5. 6. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click Down twice. s Click Up. Walls s 163 . the wall structure should be as shown. click Edit in the Structure value field. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. has a Function you can edit. 7. Add two additional layers to the wall. For Name. To edit the structure of the wall. Click Insert twice. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. enter 8" Insulated Stud. except Core Boundary. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 8. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Click OK.

s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 12. 11. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s Set the Material to Finishes . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 10. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.Walls . select Finishes . s Set the Material to Wood . which displays plan or section views. Modify the Function. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.9.Stud Layer.Exterior . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Interior Gypsum Wall Board. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 13. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Material. s Click the icon that appears at the right. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.

On the Properties palette. Walls s 165 . 17. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 16. select Medium. In the Project Browser. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 15. expand the Families branch. From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.14.

defined a new wall structure. In this exercise. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 20. You opened an existing file.Walls .18. 19. Right-click 8" Exterior. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Close the file without saving. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. From the Type Selector list. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.

The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The model opens in a 3D view. for example. 3. 2. Select one of the Exterior . a structural mid-section. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. wood rails. such as a weatherproof outside surface. In this exercise. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You can define a wall type with these elements.rvt. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Brick on Mtl. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. and a decorated interior surface. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Stud walls as shown. you create and modify vertically compound walls. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.

Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. You can split regions into other regions.Walls . click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. into regions. either horizontally or vertically. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Wall structures are Type Properties. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 1. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You change the type. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. To define the structure of the wall. 8. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. If not already expanded. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. When you split a layer. To split a layer or region horizontally. so all instances of this type change. 7. You can assign different materials to regions. You can set the sample height to any value. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. highlight one of the borders. To split a layer or region vertically. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 2. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Click Split Region. As indicated in the dialog box title. in the Structure value field. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. or you will lose your changes. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. In this exercise.4. 5. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. click Edit. 6.

since both regions are composed of the same layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection.Brick layer. Click Merge Regions. assign Layer 1. Walls s 169 .3. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. When you merge regions. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to split the region into two parts. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to merge them. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. In this case. After merge. The upper split disappears. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. 4. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 3. Click to merge the two layers. 2. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.

Walls . you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click again to return to the original position. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). click Modify. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". indicating that it is modifiable. 4. 1. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. to the next parallel line. Change the value to 12. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Click Insert. 3. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 2. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. In the Edit dialog box. Next. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 3. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. s Select the split line. If you set the split offset down from the top. Click the temporary dimension text. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 2. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. instead of down. 1. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. After a region is split. To create a new wall layer. Press ENTER. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. The dimension text turns blue. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one.

5. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 6. Change the Material to Masonry . Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. because it is now the selected layer. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. It immediately highlights in blue. In this exercise. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. as shown. Close the file without saving. It also shows a thickness value. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Click OK. Merge Region. Click OK. All walls of this type have been changed. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course layer. When a layer is selected in the table. Walls s 171 . The preview changes appearance. Split Region. and Insert Layer tools. Modify. 10. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . 9. 7. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone.4.Brick Soldier Course. 8. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and protected. installed. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. earth.Walls . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . ducting. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and insulation. piping.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the view.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but also the natural lighting. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. and the amount of space you have inside your building. the ventilation. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

ft.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20". if there is no other escape route.7 sq. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. An unobstructed opening of 5.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. In this unit. s Center a door in a wall. technology.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Copy windows. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Some families are loaded into each empty file. how to load additional door and window families. you learn how to place doors and windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . and copy these elements. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and furniture are defined in family files. windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. move. engineering. and how to position. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. Math (STEM). and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Technology. and math standards.

The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the door swing would be to the left side. Build panel. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected.Doors and Windows . To flip the door. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. To reverse the swing. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Add Doors 1. Once a door is placed. On the Home tab. 3. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. This can be done in a plan view. click Door. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. 2. elevation view. When placing doors in a plan view. or 3D view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.

on the Modify | Place Door tab. walls. Mode panel. The display does not change. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. 2. From the Type Selector list. Doors and Windows s 189 . Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.Load Families 1. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". click Load Family. With the Door command active. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Click Open. In order to keep file size small.rfa. and windows into project files. except for the Type Selector. 3.

Doors and Windows .4. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. From the Type Selector. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". If necessary.

Remember. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. or by using the swing control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. change a temporary dimension. Do not add the dimensions.6. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Place instances of single doors as shown.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.Doors and Windows .7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. approach the wall from the right side. When placing windows in a plan view. From the Type Selector. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. click Modify and select the window. or 3D view. To face the outside of the window to the other side. You can place windows in a plan view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. click Window. Build panel. elevation view. Add Windows 1. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Open Unit5_doors. On the Home tab. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. the outside of the window is to the left side. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2. Windows have exterior and interior sides.

loaded a door family. placed doors. You do not need to add dimensions. Place seven more windows as shown. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 4.Doors and Windows . Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. you opened an existing project.rvt. Window tags do not number in sequence. In this exercise.3. and placed windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 5.

you open an existing project file. 2. place a door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 4. and modify the wall. On the Annotate tab. and so on. s Align and modify walls. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. The file is also available in the course datasets folder.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. 1. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. click Aligned. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. constrain it to be centered in a wall. 3. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. wall. Dimension panel. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 .

Click it and it changes as shown. 6. Click the right wall. the other wall will remain aligned.s s s s Click the left wall. 2. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click the lock icon to enable it. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click the center of the door. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The door changes location. Align Walls 1.Doors and Windows . Notice the symbol. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The walls are now aligned. 5. Select the upper wall first. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. This means that if one wall shifts. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.

Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Change the dimension to 16. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 3. Right-click. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value.) The dimension value is now shown.4. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. The walls shift and remain aligned.

Click Zoom to Fit.Doors and Windows . 7.rvt. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .6. you placed a continuous dimension. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.

Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Doors and Windows s 199 . Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. 2. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Create panel.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 1. 4.rvt. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. especially if there are many different types. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.

The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. The window is copied. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy. 4. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 2.Doors and Windows . Modify panel. On the Modify | Windows tab. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. Select the window you just placed.

Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Click Zoom to Fit. 6. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.rvt. In this exercise. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 201 .5.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.Doors and Windows . The stability of glass in response to wind. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat. flat glass is a recent invention. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. cold.

s Place a window. a. s Position a door or window. s Copy a door or window. 40" d. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 30" c. 34" 4. Custom 3. 32" d. s Align a door or window. a. 32" b. If a room is used for sleeping. you learned to: s Place doors. General Questions 1. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. True b. False 2. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . Standard b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 36" c. 28" b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation.

6. d. Offset c. d. a. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Insert d. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The center snap 7. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. a. Load c. Click Door Properties. Click Flip Direction. b. a. False 5. Select the door. Duplicate d.Doors and Windows . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. c. Click Door Properties. Clone b. To change the location of a door or window. Click the appropriate blue arrows. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Use door grips to reposition. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Right-click. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Copy 8. you: a. Select the door. you use: a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Select the door. b. True b. Properties 3. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click Modify > Flip Direction.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. To center a door or window in a wall. a. False 2. True b. 4. you use ________. Load from Library b. c. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. A reference plane b. Link c. Select the door.

5. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 2. 4. s Create railings. Review stairs and railings. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. s Modify stair boundaries. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 6.

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the different stair types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. stair and railing types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.

engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Then. Once the actual riser height is determined. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.

Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Due to building code. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.

particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". but not more than 2".

and math standards. you will be able to: s Create stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. which includes elevators. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. ramps. The riser and run values update accordingly. s Modify stairs. As you move the cursor. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. For safety reasons. s Add a railing. Technology. This lesson relates to technology.Stairs and Railings . based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. L-shaped runs with a landing. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. s Create U-shaped stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. of certain horizontal depth or run. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Engineering. You can define straight runs. or vertical circulation. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. In multistory buildings. or tread. U-shaped stairs. and spiral stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). To review the list of standards for each lesson. You create stairs in a plan view. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. and Language Arts. and stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter.

This file is in metric units.rvt. Zoom in Region to the lobby. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. On the Properties palette. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This enables you to place the stairs properly. you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. Before you create the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. From the courseware datasets folder. 3.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.

On the Home tab. Click OK to close the dialog box. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .4. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. These tools are used to define your stairs.Stairs and Railings . The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. you create a straight run. Circulation panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. In this case. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Run is preselected. 5. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. click Stairs. The cursor changes to a crosshairs.

indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. If you have not fully created the run. the run footprint stops expanding. Revit displays the number of risers you created. 9. As you move the cursor up. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 8. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. To change the run dimension. Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can continue to move the cursor up. Select this intersection point to start your run. On the Mode panel. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. 10. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical.6. and then click to define the run of stairs. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. select Finish (green check).

To avoid overwriting the original file. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. click application menu > Save As > Project. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.rvt. 12.11. 13. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.Stairs and Railings . and switched to a 3D view. In this exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. you created and placed a straight run stair.

rvt. The stair is not centered on the landing. Level 1. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. click Align. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. 2. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. On the Modify tab. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Edit panel. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Activate view Floor Plans. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.

4. Click the center of the wall first. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . select Wall centerlines. The Align command remains active. from the Prefer list. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open the lobby stair view to see the result. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. On the Options Bar. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. If you have a scroll mouse. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Click the center of the stairs. which is located at the center of the stairs. 5. Take time to make the selections correctly.

expand Sections (Building Section). Select the stairs. Graphics. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. s Click OK.6. Hover the cursor over the railing. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. As you prehighlight them. click Edit Type. enter Lobby Stairs. s Click Duplicate. 7. In the Project Browser. Change Width to 1350. 9. railings were created with the stairs. and Dimensions subsections. On the Properties palette. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. 8. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. s For Name. On the Properties palette. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties.

Select both railings.Cherry s s Click Modify. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .10.Stairs and Railings . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Lobby Stair View.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .

s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.12. Delete this line. Mode panel. The railings change. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The stair changes to the run sketch. 13. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Next. Click it to select it. you change the shape of the stairs. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 14. s Zoom in on the stairs. click Edit Sketch. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. In the Type Selector. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Stairs and Railings s 225 .

16. click Boundary. Click Modify. On the Draw panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 19. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. s On the Modify panel. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Click to place the arc. click the left end of the top riser. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 18.15. 17. s Select the arc boundary you just created. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.Stairs and Railings . Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. To place the second arc endpoint.

First.21. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. click Riser. 20. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Delete the first (bottom) riser line. The left boundary will be mirrored. For the third point. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. Next. the arc center point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the left boundary. On the Draw panel.

click Finish. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing.Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. In this exercise.rvt. you modified stair properties and boundaries.22.

use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing. 2. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. This is typically done in plan view. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Click Modify. For simple railings.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise.rvt from the previous exercise. Therefore. 3. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you sketch the plan view path. Select the right side railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. you add a railing to a second floor landing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. In this case. you need to define a path for the railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it.

Stairs and Railings . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. The dimensions are shown as a guide. on the Modify | Railings tab. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s s On the Options Bar. click Line. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. 6. select Chain. edit the temporary dimension. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Once the railing is selected. On the Draw panel. Mode panel.4. 7. 5. click Edit Path. To set the exact distance. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. You do not need to add dimensions. Then.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing.rvt. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Delete your lines and try again. you used sketch tools to create a railing. In this exercise. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. 9. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 8.

the stairs appear as a U-shape. set the Offset value to 850.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Create a Reference Plane 1.Stairs and Railings . 2. s On the Home tab. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. you create a reference plane. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. In a floor plan view. s On the Options Bar. In this exercise. Work Plane panel. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.rvt from the previous exercise.

click Stairs. On the Home tab. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click Edit Type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Pull the cursor straight up. change the Width parameter to 900. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. enter Exit Stairs. 3. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 6. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Matte 2.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 4. To start sketching the run. On the Properties palette.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. For Name. Click OK. Circulation panel. Click OK twice. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 5. Dark Gray. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type.

Stairs and Railings .7. Click to finish the stair run. 8. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer to the right. Click to place the first run. enter 1925. 9. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Press ENTER.

10. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. You want to inspect your stairs. 11. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Use Hide/Isolate 1. click Finish Stairs. but they are hidden behind walls. On the View Control bar. you select Continue to return the sketch. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. If you get an error message. it is because you have overlapping lines. Click Finish Stairs again. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. 2. To remove the lines. On the Stairs panel. Remove the additional lines.

Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. The exterior walls reappear. 6. 4. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the Properties palette. Finally. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Zoom in to see your stairs. 2. 3. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The walls are now hidden. Reset the Display 1. Select the stairs so they highlight. 5. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. This is a multistory stair. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and to create a U-shaped stair. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.rvt. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. you learned to create a reference plane.3. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. On the View Control Bar.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators. and elevators. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 .

but they can also be highly decorative. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. smoke guards. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. this openness makes them fire hazards.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. and deliver riders without wait time. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They cost less. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . Include landings as required by your local building code. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.

A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 40" 4. b. you learned to: s Create stairs. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 45 degrees c. a. 36" d. 90 degrees d. General Questions 1. True b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 180 degrees 3. False Summary/Questions s 239 . s Modify stair boundaries.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 25 degrees b. False 2. a. 30" b. a. 32" c. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. s Create railings. and all treads should be the same run. True b.

To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. risers b. Arc d. Manage d. risers 3.Stairs and Railings . Align Railing d. that is. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Line b. True b. riser d. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Circle 4. a. Insert 2. riser lines c. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Railings. risers and treads. Home b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Run. Fasten Railing 5. To create railings on stairs without railings. you use the _______ option. Attach Railing c. False 6. a. Treads. Pick New Host b. You can apply materials to different stair components. True b. Modify c. a. Rectangle c. Boundary lines. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

(Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. s Place fascia. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Review of roof types. Evaluate Students. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Place gutters. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 5. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 9. (Student) 7. (Discussion) 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 .

After completing this lesson. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Calculate the rise. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Identify the different roof types.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. It addresses roof construction. and pitch of a sloped roof. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.Roofs . tiles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. run. roof types. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. gutters. and downspouts.

and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. About Roofs s 243 . Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Technology. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. and Language Arts. s Rake: The inclined. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

They come in several types. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. rot. You can use them for many different applications. resistance to wind and fire. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Sloped roofs. These are used more often on upscale homes. durability. and color. About Roofs s 245 . resistance to wind and fire. resulting in at least one textured face. and if visible. brands. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and if visible. and color. and sun. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and low maintenance roofing material. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and sunlight.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. both low and steep. texture. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. maintenance. as well as how effective a shelter it is. durability. fire-resistant. and colors. maintenance. the roofing pattern. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. are designed for shedding water and snow. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. the roofing pattern. snow. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. texture. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure.

quality. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. and require little maintenance. treatment for insects. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. zinc alloy. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. They are fire-resistant. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). reinforced plastic. When choosing the insulation for your job. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. and insulating capability (R-value). and so forth). a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. or corrugated structural glass. odor. fiberglass. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. This same roof on a clear. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. galvanized steel. consider such factors as cost. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. Therefore.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern.Roofs . special characteristics (for example. Unfortunately. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. durable. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. choose a type that will suit your needs. galvanized steel. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish.

Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains.

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Roofs . These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs.

where as. run. and span. A number indicates the value of the rise. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. but the two sides are not symmetrical. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.Roofs . and pitch is noted as a fraction. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 and 12.When designing a roof. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 on 12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12. 7-12.

Roofs s 255 . You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. soffits. s Create a roof fascia. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. that convey rainwater to drains. s Assign roof structure and materials. To create a roof by face. s Place gutters. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. often supporting a gutter. dormers. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. or ice. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Create various roof types.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. water. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Once you create a roof. snow. you can add gutters. s Create a hip roof. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. and fascia. or roof overhangs. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. or eaves.

Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Roofs . engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. and math standards. Engineering. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click OK to continue. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create an extruded roof. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. select the Name option. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 2. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Open ADA_Roofs.rvt. 4.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. To create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. 3.

Click Open View. 3. 6. 4. click Ref Plane. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. select Section: Section 1. In the Go To View dialog box. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.Roofs . click Line.5. s Use the image below for guidance. Drawing Reference Planes 1. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. Draw panel. 2. On the Work Plane panel. The section view should display as shown. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Before sketching the roof's profile.

sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value.6. Using the image below for guidance. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify. 5. s Click the EQ toggle. s Select the new dimension. Roofs s 259 .

for Name. On the Mode panel. 6. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. On the Properties palette. Right-click. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click OK. enter Horizontal. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. The name displays when you select the reference plane. click Chain.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 4. 3. you can label them. 5. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 2. 1.Roofs . Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. click Finish (green check). Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. s On the Options Bar. click Line. Click Modify.

Roofs s 261 .12" type. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8. Switch to a 3D view. 9.

carefully select the far right roof edge. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Using the images for guidance. 2. 1. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 3. On the Modify tab. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. This is a two-step process.Roofs . Edit Geometry panel. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway.

Select both walls. select Attach Wall: Top. In the Project Browser. click Attach: Top/ Base. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Trim Walls 1. 2. On the Modify Wall panel.4. This will join the wall tops to the roof. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 263 . 3. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. To select both walls together. Select the roof. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. However. open the view Sections: Section 1.

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view. The roof now looks correct.Roofs . 5. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. In this exercise. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.

The inner loops define openings in the roof. 3. In this exercise. from existing walls. select Garage Roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. On the Home tab. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. 4. From the drop-down list. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch.rvt. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. so you look straight down as in a plan. Build panel. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 1. Click Yes. by Footprint. Because you are in a 3D view. Unit7_first_roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. a dialog box is displayed.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.

If you place a line on the wrong side. Use the image below for guidance.0". Select the right vertical wall of the garage. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. click Pick Walls. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Next. clear the Defines slope option. 7. 6.Roofs . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. select the vertical wall on the left. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s On Options Bar. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.5. 8. click Defines Slope.

Click the 9"/12" text. By default. 3. defining lines separately. change the value to 6"/12". In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Click Modify. The new roof displays. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Roofs s 267 . click Finish. Other controls also display. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the left slope defining line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Change this value to 6"/12". Select the right side roof line. To complete the roof.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. That value displays next to the slope arrow. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. click Yes. 2. It becomes an editable field. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 1.

you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 5. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.4. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 4. To chain-select all of the walls. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. On the Options Bar. On Home tab. 2. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". Roofs s 269 . Clear Defines Slope. When all of the walls prehighlight. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. click to select them.rvt.

Roofs . sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 4.Create a Roof Opening 1. Zoom into the chimney area. click Rectangle. verify the 0' 0" Offset. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Using the image for guidance. On the Draw panel. Right-click. 2. As an alternate. On the Options Bar. 3. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select the left lower horizontal line. select the Defines Slope. Click Finish. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar.Add Slope Lines 1. 6. horizontal line. click Yes. 5. On the Options Bar. select Defines Slope. 4. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Select the uppermost. Click Modify. As in the previous exercise. The slope indicator displays. 3. Roofs s 271 . 2.

Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. attached walls.Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8.7.rvt. and chimney penetration. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.

Select the three walls shown in the image. you create a hip roof. Roofs s 273 . Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.rvt. Build panel. Select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. 5. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 3. The completed exercise On the Home tab. set Overhang to 2' . 2.0". Zoom into the area shown. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Create the Roof 1. The file should open to a 3D view. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.

6. Click OK. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. On the Properties palette. you use the Line tool. Switch to a 3D View. click Line.Roofs . s s Clear Defines Slope. 2. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 3. s On the Draw panel.7. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. In addition. Right-click the ViewCube. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click Finish to complete the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed.0". To close the roof sketch. Raise the Roof 1. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2. and then joined it to a wall.Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.

5. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. click Pick Walls. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 7. Create a Shed Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Clear Defines Slope. The file should open to a 3D view. 6. Roofs s 277 . 2. 4. 3. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. click Line.rvt. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. On the Draw panel.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise.

9. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Right-click the line. 10. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 13. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". horizontal line at the front of the roof. Select the lower. 11. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".Roofs . 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Offset to 0' 0".8. 12.

18. Switch to a 3D view.rvt. 17. Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint. click Yes. 15. Click OK. In this exercise. Finish the Roof. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.14. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 16.

280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 3. On the menu bar. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Select the Roof. The roof updates. Open the Default 3D view.rvt. Activate the view North Elevation. 5. select Level 3. 4. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. Cutoff Level list.Roofs .

9. Finish the Roof.rvt. click Pick Lines. Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Options Bar. 7. 10. Roofs s 281 . you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 13. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 11. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 12. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Switch to a 3D View. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". 8. on the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. On the Home tab. select Defines Slope. In this exercise.6. To set the slope for the new roof.

Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1. The file should open to a 3D view. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.Roofs .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.rvt. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. In the Type Selector. 2. Select the main roof over the house. thereby reducing energy consumption.

Define a Roof Structure 1. click Duplicate. It is a generic roof type. 2. s Click OK. Click Insert to add a layer. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 4. Roofs s 283 . Select the roof over the garage. click Edit. For Name. 3. Select Layer 2 as shown. enter Clay Tile. 5. For Structure Value. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Edit Type.

284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.s s s In the Materials dialog box. select Model.Roofs . 8. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. In this exercise. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Click OK. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 6.rvt. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Click OK twice. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 7.

In this exercise. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.rvt. or for decoration. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Click Open. In the Open dialog box. to support a gutter. 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Insert tab. click Roof > Fascia. Roofs s 285 . 2. 3. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof.rfa. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. On the Home tab.

select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Set the Material value to Metal . for Profile. For Name. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Click Duplicate. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 6.Paint Finish Ivory. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK.5. click Edit Type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Matte.Roofs .

In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 .rvt. 9. you defined and applied a roof fascia.

6. select Metal Aluminum. 5. you add gutters to a building. For Name. The completed exercise 4. Under Material parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. click Roof > Gutter. 1.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 2. Click OK. s Click Duplicate. 3. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Place Gutters In this exercise. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. under Profile parameter.rvt. On the Home tab. In the Type Properties dialog box.Bevel: 5" x 5". select Gutter . Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Roofs .

If you click the interior face. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.7. Roofs s 289 . 9. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 11. 8. In this exercise. Segments will clean up at corners. you attached gutters to a roof. the gutter displays on the wrong side. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 10. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. water. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat. and cold.Roofs .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

s Place fascia. Shed 4. a. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place gutters. Medium c. Hip c. When referring to roof slope. General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. None of the above 3. Gable b. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Gambrel d. False 2. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Low b. s Define a roof structure. the run is always 12. High d. a. a.Roofs . True b. True b.

False 5. extrusion. DEL d. b. Walls. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Walls d. a. a. Change the direction of the slope. Change the direction of the roof. a. c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. face b. d. Cut/Lengthen c. ENTER 4. lines c. profile 2. Footprint b. True b. False 7. a. pick d. True b. Footprint b. a. Trim/Extend b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Roofs can be created using ______. Sketch c. extrusion. Turn slopes on or off. Footprint. To add a slope to a roofline. Face 3. SHIFT c. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. sketch. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. place a check mark next to: a. you use: a. Create Slope d. True b. Activate Slope 9. Extrusion d. Add Slope b. Footprint. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Defines Slope c. Material 8.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Slope c. profile. Create an opening. a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. TAB b. Expand/Contract 6. a. A compound roof contains layers. 10. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Sketch. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. ______ or _______. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create a section view.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.

the kitchen. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. bathrooms. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . floor. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. In a commercial structure. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. In a residential building. Sections are used to examine the roof. the location of special equipment.Sections and Elevations . cabinetry. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and special equipment. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. After completing this lesson. and tool racks. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure.

and Language Arts. and math standards.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Technology. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.

on the long axis of the building.Sections and Elevations . s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. and are properly cross-referenced. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. t Cross or transverse sections. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. framing. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . across its narrower dimension. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and foundation plans. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned.

such as framing connections and foundation details. unnecessary.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . partial. full. and steel. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.Sections and Elevations . 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations. s The position relationship between different elements. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows.

For example. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces." Mfr. and then the name of the material. For siding. shadows. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. quantity. With interior elevations. East. and so forth. The size of the object is listed first. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. cars. this is reversed. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . bushes. Unnecessary Information Shades. however. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Therefore. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. or methods of installation. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. South. people. the titles assigned (North. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. followed by any additional information about spacing. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. You may.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. For a wood structure.

doors and direction of door swings. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Hinges are concealed. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. It can also be used around doorways and windows. other openings. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. doors. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". or decorative patterns. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. The trim is usually glued into place. tile. Molding is normally decorative in nature. windows. This is more costly than regular overlay. and other appliances. and lip. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and types of finish materials used. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. or MDF. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. It may have curves. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. shelf arrangements. flush overlay. This is usually done using a topset. or linoleum) and the wall. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Molding is usually made of plaster. dishwashers. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. casements. or a baseboard. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame.Sections and Elevations . which is a formed pressboard. and special equipment such as toilets. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". wood. chamfers. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. and materials used. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. coving.

Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. and a section symbol on all plans. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Add slope annotations. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates the section view in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Change the section head. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Create an interior elevation. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. which you can then add to a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. you will be able to: s Create a new section view.

The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. like an elevation. Technology. Once created. technology. and math standards. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Math (STEM). A section is a horizontal view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. and Language Arts. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science.Sections and Elevations . 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Engineering.

the section symbol does not display in that plan view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. elevation. Sections and Elevations s 307 .Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. or other section view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. provided its crop region intersects the view.

Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. When you create a section view.

Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. Slope is also referred to as pitch. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. In the example shown. In a set of construction documents. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. So. s Add structural details. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. such as anchor bolts and siding. s Add detail notes. tracing over the existing elements. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Once you create the detail section. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The slope is the ratio rise:run. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. s Add breaklines as needed. Details are crucial for effective construction. which is spoken as 2 in 12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch.

Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Create panel. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Sections and Elevations s 311 . click Section. 3. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the file ADA_Sections.rvt. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 2. The Section command is available from the View tab. Create a Section View 1. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The completed exercise 6. On the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. 4. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.

Section Properties 1. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. This is called the crop region. 2. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. On the Properties palette. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. and it has control grips to resize it. With the section line selected. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The actual location is not critical.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. 3. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.

The view is listed in your Project Browser. The section view updates. Save the file as Unit8_section1.rvt. you automatically created a section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. When you drew the section line. In the Properties palette. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.4. 6. Clear Crop Region Visible. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 5. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 8. 7.

rvt. In this exercise.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.1 point Filled. and Section Head .Sections and Elevations . Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. They include Section Head . 6. Settings panel.No Arrow. click Duplicate. Select Section Head-Open. 5. Several section head families are available. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . enter Open Arrow.rfa. 4. 3. On the Insert tab. On the Manage tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. The view does not change. 2. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.Filled. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Section Head . For Name. click Load Family. Click Open to load the family. Load from Library panel. 7. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.

In this exercise. 10. Save as Unit8_section_open. 13. 14.8. The section head updates to the new head type. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. For Section Head. Click OK. For Name. select Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 11. click Edit Type.rvt. Click OK. Click Duplicate. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 315 . On the Properties palette.Open. select Section Head . enter Open Arrow. 9. 12. Select the section line.

Sections and Elevations . Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 4. 3. Create panel. This is a building section. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. select the border of the callout. On the View tab. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0".rvt. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. click Callout. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . To reposition the callout head. On the Options Bar. 5. 6. 2. Use the image below for guidance. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.

Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. 1. as shown. Sections and Elevations s 317 . but not strongly. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 2. You can add detail lines. Detail panel. On the Draw panel. select Chain. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Line is selected automatically. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. detail components. On the Options Bar. 3.rvt. click Region > Filled Region. region patterns. 8.7. On the Annotate tab. 4. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. On the Properties palette.

On the Properties palette. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK.5. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Select the upper and right side lines.Sections and Elevations . Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify. 7. For Name. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 6. enter Earth.

Detail panel. 9. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . click Component > Detail Component. On the Annotate tab. On the Mode panel. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . If you zoom in closer. 1.8. select Finish (green check). On the Place Detail Component tab. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. From the Fill Pattern list. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern.Section. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. 3. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. click Load Family. Click Open. 2. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rfa.

Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. From the Type Selector. 5. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. In the Specify Types dialog box.

Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. 7. Sections and Elevations s 321 . add a second copy of the 2 x 10. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8. Add another Detail Component. Using the image below for guidance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list.6. Move it after placement if necessary.

322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select anchor bolt. From the Type Selector. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Click Component > Detail Component. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 10. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 11. Place the component similarly to the image below. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 12. set the Thickness to 3/4".9. This component represents the subflooring. Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. Select the vertical plywood. On the Properties palette. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.Sections and Elevations .

select Multiple.13. Use the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Copy. 14. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Click Modify.

16. Detail panel. Add Detail Lines 1. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 2. Start at the end of the siding. click Detail Line. On the Annotate tab.15. select Wide Lines. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . From the Line Style Selector.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Zoom out.3. 5.

you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Edit in the Structure field. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add Insulation 1. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. The wall display updates. select the Material field in row 3. 7. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Detail panel. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Right-click. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes.Sections and Elevations . click Insulation. On the Annotate tab. Save the file. Next. 2. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select the wall so it highlights. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 10. identified as Wall material 1. 8. Click Modify.6. 9.

click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Your view should resemble the image shown. Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. From the Type Selector. select Break Line. 3.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. 1.

Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Place the breakline as shown. You place another breakline.4. The Detail Component tool is still active. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 6. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 5. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. detail lines. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). 7. The view should resemble the image shown. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. and detail components to it. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Save the file. To complete the detail.

The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. 3.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 1. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. To add notes. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. and ventilation methods in construction documents.rvt. 2. The size of the object is listed first. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. or methods of installation. quantity. The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . weatherproofing. s Clear Annotation Crop. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.

6. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 7. From the Type list. As you pull your cursor to the right.4" WEATHERING. click Text. On the Format panel. Move the pointer up 11. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. click Two Segments. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.4. Finally. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 8. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Text panel. 5. 9. insulation. 10. R13. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 12. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. leader arrow as shown. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.

Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. 15. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. or wood treated with preservative against rot.C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. 14. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.C. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the interior wall.C.C. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 18. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 17.TYPE X. O. .13. as the second line of text. 16.. 19. 20. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 5/8" GWB .

332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 23. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .. Click Modify.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. In this exercise. Click ENTER to start a second line.Sections and Elevations . 22. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rvt. Note: CONC signifies concrete. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 21.

Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 3. Click New Sheet. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 333 .rvt. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 2. and locate the detail view on it.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. or elevation view. The new sheet becomes the current view. Click Open. Locate the A-Landscape. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. In the Project Browser. Highlight your title block. section. click Load. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. you will want to add the views to a sheet. 5. highlight Sheets. 4. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 6. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Right-click.

334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border.Sections and Elevations .7. Click the control at its left end. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. click Hide Crop Region. Select a Level Line. click Show Crop Region. 8. select view Detail at Foundation. Both Level ends will move together. 9. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Drag it to the right. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. In the Project Browser. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.

highlight the new sheet. Click Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. For Number. Click OK. 12. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.301.10. Click Rename. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. 13. Right-click. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Modified the label values in the title block. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.rvt. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Name. In this exercise. enter S. 11.

Click the Annotations tab. 5. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Select Elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. 4. s Add slope indication for roof.Sections and Elevations . s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click OK. south. 2. four elevation views are included: north. 2. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. s Add material notes. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Open ADA_Elevations.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. It is defined by the green dotted line. and west. 6. When you create a project with a template. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Set the display for building components as needed. east. The elevation markers are now visible. Right-click. 3. s Add any necessary dimensions.

clear Sections. On the Modelling tab. clear Planting. On the Annotations tab. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 3. 4. 5. On the View Control Bar. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Next.2. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Sections and Elevations s 337 .

8. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. select Edit in the Structure field. In Surface Pattern.Sections and Elevations . Click the button that displays to select a material. 12.Exterior Stucco. It will be identified as Condo . 13. modified its display. Select Sand. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 10. In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the Material field for Layer 1.rvt. In this exercise.7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you activated an elevation view. On the Properties palette. click to open the list. click Edit Type. 9. Select the wall. 11. and modified the wall display characteristics. Click Zoom to Fit. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.

If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Add a note for the foundation. 5. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Add a note for the stone wall. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 3. quantity. In the Type Selector. Enter TX. 4.rvt. The size of the object is listed first. 2.

8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations . 9.rvt.6. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. Add a note for the roof. 7. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the exterior stucco.

6. For Offset from Reference. click Spot Slope. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. On the Annotate tab. 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown.rvt. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 341 .Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 4. Dimension panel. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Click to select the roof line. 2. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 5. 3. enter 1/8". select Triangle. from the Slope Representation list. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.

Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 10. Click to select the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. click Aligned. 9.7. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 11.

Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. 14.12. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 343 . To create a continuous dimension as shown. leaders. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. and dimensions for clarity. The west elevation now contains material notes. select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. slope indicators. 13. and vertical dimensions.

dimensions. This view was already defined in the drawing. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. kitchens. Click Find Referring Views. 3.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. In the Project Browser. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . equipment rooms. In this exercise. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.rvt. special closets. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Click Open View. and cabinetry. Right-click. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 2.Sections and Elevations . A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Highlight the view.

4. On the Annotate tab. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Right-click. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Dimension panel. s s s s Click Duplicate. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. In the Name box. 6. 7. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. click OK. Clear Use Project Settings. click Aligned. Select Suppress 0 Feet. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click the value field for Units Format 8. 5.

In this exercise. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. You modified a dimension style.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. detail the interior section. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.9. Using the Text and Dimension tools. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.rvt. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10.

General Questions 1. b. is always the true orientation. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Walls c. Bathrooms and kitchens b. 4. c. it depends. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Not in Contract c. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. a. Show the relationships between elements. Not in Concrete b. s Create filled regions. d. b. All of the above 5. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . 2. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The direction the structure is facing. The orientation of the exterior elevation. False 3. Either one. such as north. s Create slope annotations. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Cabinetry d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. Nobody in Charge d. All of the above. The direction the viewer is facing. Indicate the location of doors and windows.

Filled regions with hatch patterns d. a. 4. b. Element properties c. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. a. The boundaries of the view. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. c. d. but not a 6. West c. South d.Sections and Elevations . True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. c. The dotted line indicates: a. True b. The detail level of the view. Which elevation is it? a. False 5. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. False 2. b. Right-click. Click Add View. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The height of the view. The Visual Style of the view. you use: a. b and c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View tab. East b. Sun and Shadow b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. click Sheet Composition > View. d. North 3.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. 6. Review Schedules. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 2. 3. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Evaluate Students.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. Lesson Plan 1. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. technology. width. and math standards. About Schedules s 351 . Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and thickness.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. height. Technology. Some of these building objects include. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.

s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.Schedules . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. There are different types of schedule tables. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. Instance. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. However. the same primary information is included. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

E for electrical. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. However. A circle. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. hexagon. window. The following image shows door. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Other letters are P for plumbing. and A for appliances. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Like schedules.Schedules . Using the software. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Schedules s 355 . s Add room tags. This lesson relates to science.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. materials. hardware. rooms. Project templates include preset schedules. Technology. s Create a room schedule. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. windows. and you can create your own schedules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Math (STEM). Engineering. equipment. Schedules list items such as doors. s Export a schedule. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. and math standards.

The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. and you set the schedule to display totals. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Schedules .rvt. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.

Click Add. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Schedules s 357 . and Width. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Select Windows from the list. In Available Fields. 6. On the View tab. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 4. Height. Type Mark. Add Count. Level. select Comments. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties.s Window Tag 5. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Continue to add fields to the schedule. 3. 7.

The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Select the fields. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. from left to right. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules . A view opens with the schedule you just defined. 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .8.

Schedules s 359 . From the Sort By list. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Select Blank Line. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 1. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 3. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet.

3. in this case). The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. click the schedule name. select Level. In the Project Browser. you can have the schedule report this. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Notice how the schedule has changed. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 1. 4. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in the Then By sorting field. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In order to calculate the total number of windows.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. for Sorting/ Grouping. On the Properties palette. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. clear Itemize Every Instance. click Edit. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Rather than make a manual calculation.

In this exercise. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. Count. s Set the schedule to display category totals. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. for Sorting/ Grouping. Schedules s 361 .5. and Totals. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. select Footer. 6. click Edit 7. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. The totals for each window type now display. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. select Title. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Properties palette. From the list.rvt.

occupancy. click Room > Room.Schedules . Room & Area panel. Click Open. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. based on the amount of space in each room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 4.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Room size. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. ceiling type. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Locate the file named Room Tag. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. In this exercise. click Overwrite the Existing Version. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 5. On the Home tab. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. floor type. 2. 3.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways.rvt. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. a total of 7. 6. On the Home tab. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector. click Room > Room Separation Line. 8. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Schedules s 363 . and in the hall as shown. 7.

On the Room & Area panel. Select Room #2. Click Modify.Schedules . The area value for Room 7 updates. The room tag updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Place a room tag below the room separation line. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. s Change the word Room to Manager. 13.9. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 12. s Click the Room text. An edit box activates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 11. click Room. 10.

s Changed room tag field values. you: s Loaded a room tag.14. On the Properties palette. enter Sales. s Added a room separation. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.rvt. for Name. Schedules s 365 . s Tagged various objects. 15. In this exercise. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.

Click Add--> after each selection. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. On the View tab. 4. enter Square Footage Report. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. For Name. 6. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. and Area to be included in your schedule. Set the Sort By value to Number. 2.rvt.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. 3. The completed exercise 5. Name.Schedules . 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Create a Room Schedule 1. In the Available Fields pane. Click OK. Create panel. The New Schedule dialog box displays. select Number. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order.

s Set Unit Symbol to SF. In the Format dialog box. clear Use Project Settings. Select Grand Totals. Schedules s 367 . This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. 9. 10. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 8. Highlight the Area field. s Set Alignment to Right. Click the Formatting tab. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. Highlight the Number field. Click OK.7. Change the Heading to No.

Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you: s Created a room schedule.11. In this exercise. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.Schedules .rvt. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Totaled one of the columns. 12.

Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Using your Windows Explorer. Note the formatting that has been applied. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. The file is created. Click OK. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 3. You can then use this file in other applications. Browse to a directory to save your report. 5. Click Save.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Double-click it to open it. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1.rvt. 4. locate the file you created. 6. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 2.txt) file. Schedules s 369 . On the application menu. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. you export the room schedule to a text file.

Close the text file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 8. In this exercise. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.

Matrix d. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. True b. False 4. Type b. a. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Questions 1. s Export a schedule. What is a schedule table? a. a. s Place a schedule tag. 2. s Reformat a schedule. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Load a schedule tag. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Quantity c. A list of sheets used in a project. A list of information that defines specific building objects.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. True b. d. you learned to: s Create a schedule. b. Instance 3. None of the above.

Modify 2. XLS c. Annotate tab b. a. Manage tab 3. Home d. View tab c. TXT b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Application menu d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.Schedules . View c. To export a schedule. Annotate b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . CSV d. use the ____ . a.

The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Lesson Plan 1. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3.

s Play a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. Finally. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Engineering. s Add planting components. or camera on a path. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Orient walls and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Apply shading to a view. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export an FBX file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. s Place a camera. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. The animation file can be played in any media player. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Technology. you create a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering.Visualization .Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Math (STEM). 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Assign materials. After completing this lesson.

Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on animations. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. s s 2. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. To prepare your model for rendering. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects.rvt. courseware datasets. Open Unit2_custom_family. s Make a camera view the active view.

verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Stud. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select any exterior wall. Right-click. 5. The wall display updates. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 6. The walls now display layers of materials. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Select one of the exterior walls. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside.Visualization . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 4. If you do not see any change in the wall display. All the exterior walls highlight in blue.3.

Visualization s 377 . Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. In addition to using the control arrows. 10. Select Site: Grass. Click Change wall's orientation.7. Open the Default 3D view. Click OK. you can: s s s 9. Select walls. Select the toposurface object. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Right-click. Repeat the process for the windows. On the Properties palette. 8. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.

FBX). 3. On the application menu. click Import > Import. Save the file as Unit10_Export.11. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. This will filter the file list. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. In the Select File to Import dialog box. for Files of type. select Autodesk (*. you have completed this exercise. click Export > FBX. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Select the Roof. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.Visualization .rvt. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. and click Open. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Export the Model to FBX 1. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. 12. On the application menu. Depending on your system resources.

Note the file location.rvt. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click Next. Visualization s 379 . Close the file without saving. On the application menu. 2. you have completed this exercise. Open or return to Revit. There is no way to update it from Revit. If necessary. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Depending on your system resources. 3.4. Export the Model to DWG 1. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.

On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.rvt. 6.Visualization . Open 3ds Max Design. 9. 7. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the application menu. open Unit10_Export. Select two windows as shown. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. If necessary. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .max. 5. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 8. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Click Open.4. In the File Link Manager . Select the file name. Open or return to Revit. Close the File Link Manager. click Attach This File. click References > File Link Manager. click File.

12. The windows have updated. 13. Visualization s 381 . In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the file.10. Open the 3D view. Save the export file using the same name as before. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 11.

Open or return to 3ds Max Design. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Changed a material definition. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. The windows have changed. The linked file updates. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Close the File Link Manager. In this exercise. Open the File Link Manager. s Click Reload. Open the Files tab. s Oriented walls and windows.Visualization .14. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 15.

rvt. Open the Site view. Place a Camera 1. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Open Unit10_Export. as shown. In this exercise. you place a camera in a model. generate a rendering. click Camera.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model. Create panel. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. and create a second rendering. 2. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. If you place the camera too close to the model. 3. On the View tab. Visualization s 383 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. change materials. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view.

Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown.Visualization . Render Setup 1. The camera perspective view opens. If necessary. select Very Few Clouds. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 2.4. The camera will be visible. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 7. Right-click. Open the Site view again. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 5. Click Show Camera. 6. On the View Control Bar. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. click Show Rendering Dialog. Return to the perspective view.

Visualization s 385 . Output Settings.30' approximately as shown. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Enhance the Model 1. and Lighting. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 2. Open view 3D View 1. Model Site panel. Accept the default settings for Quality. Click Render. 3. On the Massing & Site tab. click Site Component. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open the Site view. s Click Render.3.

click OK. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.4. On the Properties palette. 5. The model displays in the view. In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Save to Project dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. 4. On the Properties palette.Wood Shake. and you can now select elements for editing. click Save to Project. 2. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Rendering dialog box. 5. click Show the Model.Visualization . 3. Select an exterior wall. In the Materials list. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Edit Type. 6. click Edit Type. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Change Materials 1. Select the roof. In the Rendering dialog box. select Roofing .

Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 9.10. Click the Render Appearance tab. 8. 7. Visualization s 387 . Select the icon next to Masonry .

In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization . 12.rvt. The new image is placed in its own view. s Created a raytrace setup. 15. Click OK. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Generated and captured a render image.11. s Placed site planting components in the model.Brick Uniform Running Brown. In the Rendering dialog box. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited materials in model components. click Save to Project. click Render. Save the file as Unit10_render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 13. Select Masonry . 16. In this exercise. These images are now available as options to present to a client. s Generated and captured a second render image. 14. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box.

and exported individually. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. To place a key frame. Open Unit10_render. s Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. s View the animation in a media player. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s Right-click again. 3. Each view. Create panel. 4. 2. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. or frame.rvt. click to the left of the model as shown. Click Zoom Out (2x). or walkthroughs. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. rendered. Open floor plan view Level 1. click 3d View > Walkthrough. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s Edit the camera and path. Visualization s 389 . in a project model. In this exercise. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The camera and path can be edited. s On the View tab. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.

8. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Drag it to the left. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 7. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Select the direction control for the camera. click Edit Walkthrough. Repeat for all the key frames. The Options Bar changes. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. so that the camera is pointing at the model. click Finish Walkthrough. 6. 9. Walkthrough panel. The camera is located on the final key frame. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab.5. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Cameras tab.Visualization . 10. 11.

12. 2. 13. Visualization s 391 . On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open. From the Controls list. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Check the view in several key frames. click Next Key Frame. Click Edit Walkthrough. 3. Drag the path away from the model as shown. If camera positions distort. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. select Path. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.

rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Export the Walkthrough 1. 3. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. In the Video Compression dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. notice where you save the file. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 4.Play the Walkthrough 1. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. In the Length/Format dialog box. File Name. click OK. On the application menu. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 2. 2. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Click Play. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click Save. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.Visualization .

Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. such as shaded or rendering. 6. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. It plays in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. Visualization s 393 .

s Edited the path. In this exercise.Visualization . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the animation file in a media player. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.7. save the Revit Architecture file. If you have made changes to the building model. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.

Questions 1. a. s Apply shading to a view. Print to File b. s Orient walls and windows.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Assign materials. a. Align c. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Export > FBX 3. s Create and edit a walkthrough. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Play a walkthrough. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 2. Save As > FBX c. s Add planting components. Flip Orientation d. s Export a DWG file. you use: a. View > Shading d. s Export an FBX file. Demolish 2. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. True b. Split b. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. you use: a. s Export a walkthrough. True b. s Place a camera.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

beam systems. beams and braces.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 4. you learn how to place structural columns. and braces. 5. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. Lesson Plan 1. In the following exercises.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. Review structural columns. foundations. 2.

and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other structural elements will be located in a building. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural .

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

especially columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Knowing where structural members. and other building objects. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Place columns and beams on grids. Structural s 401 . Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place beam systems and braces. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Technology. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Create column grids.

Select a floor. or concrete. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. this is known as post and beam construction. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. 1. On the View Control Bar. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. In this exercise. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. They come in types defined by size and shape. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Open Deck Framing. 2. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Structural columns can be steel. On the Build panel of the Home tab. As with columns. wood. spans without walls. Beams connect columns or walls. In residential construction. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. click Column > Structural Column.Hide Category. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . often mainly glass. wood. or reinforced concrete. beams can be steel. 3. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise.Structural .Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.

and 4B. Click the edge of the right floor to select it.4. 8. click Depth. Structural s 403 . Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. On the View Control Bar. 5. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 7. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. On the Options Bar. 6. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. In the Type Selector. 3A.

10. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 11. Right-click. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. and columns clearly. Click OK.9. Click Hide In View > Element. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 2. Place Beams 1. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". In the Project Browser. rail. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click OK. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .

4. select Chain. Click.3. In the Type Selector. click Beam. On the Structure tab. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 5. Structure panel. s In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Options Bar.

406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. 7. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify. Click. On the Properties palette. 6.Structural . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.

In this exercise. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. click Make Wall Bearing. as shown. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Save the file as Deck Beams. 12.rvt. Structure panel. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click. Click on grid intersection B4. 11. On the Properties palette. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Structural s 407 . Click OK. Click Modify. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 9. If a Warning dialog box that opens.8. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. click Beam.

If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. On the Structure tab. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click No.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. s Place braces. or number of beams in a bay. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Beam System.Structural . The completed exercise 5. click Pick Supports. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. 2. In this exercise. 3. Place Beam Systems 1. click Sketch Beam System. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. 4. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Click the beam on Grid 1. you: s Place beam systems. Structure panel. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears.rvt. distance. Open Plan View Deck Framing. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Open Deck Beams.

Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. 7. On the Draw panel.6. Draw a line on the face of the wall. click Line. as shown. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Structural s 409 .

On the Properties palette. s s s On the Draw panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . On the Mode panel. Click Finish. click Pick Supports.2". Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. On the Properties palette. 11.Structural . 10.6". set Elevation to -0'-9". Trim as necessary. click Finish (green check). set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Line. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click the beam on Grid 2. click Create Similar. s 9. s s On the Draw panel.

3. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. as shown. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 4. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. On the Structure tab. Structural s 411 . set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. click Brace. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 2. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 5.Place Braces 1. unlike regular elevations. Create panel. It has an automatic work plane. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Structure panel. Click to place the elevation. On the View tab.

In the view window. 7. to start the brace. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 8. Click Modify. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 9. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . In the Type Selector. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.6. Repeat the brace going right to left.

you: s Placed beam systems. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure.10. 11. s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. In this exercise.

The numbering automatically increments. You can change a grid number at any time. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Datum panel. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. The exact length is not critical. but they can also be angular and radial. and walls. beams. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. as shown. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. and section views. In plan views. s s In the view window. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it.Structural . You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. click Grid. click in the lower left to start a grid line. elevation. Grid datasets. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. 2. In this exercise. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. The exact location is not critical. Pull the cursor straight up.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Structural s 415 .3. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line. Click to start another grid line.

Repeat to create grid line 4. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. close to the heads. Click to start a grid line. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Press ENTER. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Pull the cursor to the right. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. The new grid line will be number 3. 7. Enter A at the keyboard.5. click to place the grid line. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.Structural . Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s Select Grid Line 2. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Pull the cursor to the left. click Copy. 6.

9. Structural s 417 . Click in the bubble for the new grid line. This grid line will be number B.1 is still selected. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. On the grid line. s Click to place the grid line. Grid 2.8. This completes the main grid. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. The Grid tool is still active. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. 10.1. s Select grid 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Change the number to 2. s Click Copy. 11.

Change the number to EE. Zoom to Fit. The Grid tool is still active. select Center-Ends Arc.000 o . Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Draw panel. click Grid. Press ENTER. In the Radius field. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Radius. 3. Create panel. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. Click to place the grid head. s s Click grid intersection D3. 4. On the Options Bar.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. enter 15. click Pick. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click in the new grid bubble. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Home tab. s Click to start the grid line. set Offset to 15'-0".Structural .

Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.5. 6. 7. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Structural s 419 . You will need to identify it easily. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click to place grid FF. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.

Press ENTER. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click to place the grid line. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. click Create Similar. Revit will create grid 32. s Select grid 3. 11. s Select grid 31. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.rvt. Zoom to Fit. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Structural . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s 10. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. click Mirror . s In this exercise. s Click grid intersection D3. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.Pick Axis. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. Click in the new grid bubble.000. 9. Enter 31 to change the name.

click Column > Structural Column. s 3. you typically create a grid. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. In this exercise. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structure panel. s Change a grid layout. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural s 421 . s Use a column grid to place beams. This is a steel column. In the Type Selector. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. As a result. Open ADA_Grids-complete.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. 2. s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections.

In the Multiple panel. 6. click At Grids. B. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 4. C and D. click Finish. set Height to Level 3. 4. 5.s s On the Options Bar. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. 3. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. A.Structural . On the Multiple panel.

click Beam. and beams will move to the right. Click Grid 1. Structural s 423 . On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. 3. click Finish. Zoom to Fit. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0".Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 4. 5. On the Multiple panel. Window-select all the grid lines. The grid. columns. 2. click On Grids.

click No. 1. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 6. On the Multiple panel. On the Quick Access toolbar. In the view window. Open the Default 3D view. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click Isolated. 3. click At Columns. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 2.Structural . Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 4. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. window-select all the columns. click Finish. click Undo. Click Redo. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel.

Structural s 425 . Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. in the Type Selector. To change the size of the footing. The footing changes size. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. A warning displays. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column.5. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 7. s On the Properties palette. 6. Click OK. The footing had been placed at Level 1. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Press ESC to clear the column selection. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.

Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .8. s Added footings to columns. s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.Structural . s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

All of the above. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Column b. s Change a grid layout. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Questions 1. True b. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Add footings to columns. 2. s Use a column grid to place columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place beam systems. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Beam d. Brace c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place braces.

d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 5. c. When placing columns or beams. you: a. If you relocate a grid line. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Properties c.Structural . 2. a. you use: a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. b. b. True b. A and B. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. A but not B. Use grid lines and grid intersections. All of the above. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. To create a beam system. To change the height of a column. Pick points. Stretch b. you can: a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. a. True b. c. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. d. Flip Orientation d. False 4. Select the type of beam or column to place. 3.

Starkweather .Executive Director.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Poway. CA Ronald A Williams.Instructor. Randy Dymond.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . WI Roger Dohm . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Milwaukee. Smith .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.iteaconnect.org Project Lead the Way. South Division High School. Susan Harrington . Poway High School.Teacher. Mathematics. PE .Director.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Copyright s 431 . Ltd. Inc. International Technology Education Association www. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.

INC. Autodesk Revit Architecture. AutoCAD. All rights reserved. or parts thereof. Trademarks Autodesk. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Inc. INC. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. AutoCAD MEP. 2010 Autodesk. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Inc. All rights reserved.© 2010 Autodesk. CA 94903. this publication. All other brand names. may not be reproduced in any form. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. product names. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Autodesk Revit MEP. Inc. Inc. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael.. by any method. Inc. AutoCAD Architecture. “AS IS.” AUTODESK. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Published by: Autodesk. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Autodesk Inventor. for any purpose.

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