Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

2

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

3

Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

4

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

5

6

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

s

7

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

8

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.

furniture. elevation. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . roofs. floors. You can add building elements in plan. windows.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. Other building elements such as doors. section.Software Tools . and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. stairs. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.

windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the two illustrations shown.While components are being sketched. If one is moved. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the illustration shown.

In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

and math standards. s Constrain placement of objects. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. and Language Arts. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Place a predefined Mass family. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Math (STEM). engineering.

Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. such as distance requirements from roadways.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . owner.Software Tools . size. quickly. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. walls. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. and then converted into building components such as floors. you can create in-place masses. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. There are mass families available to load into a project. or masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. A designer. Masses can be edited in many ways. and curtain systems. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. roofs. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. masses. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. walls. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . roofs.

18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Math (STEM). s Recognize temporary dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. engineering. Engineering. Annotation includes text notes. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and math standards. legends. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. tags. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Explain the use of dimensions. This lesson relates to science. and symbol heads.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or angular. radial. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating.Software Tools .

y.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Work with tool buttons. and math standards. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Engineering. and Options Bar. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Math (STEM). the Type Selector. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.Software Tools . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. engineering.

windows. Display and Navigation s 31 . and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Its position is fixed. doors. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. for instance. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. beams. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Some commands will not be active (that is.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and foundations. trusses. slabs. and text. structural walls.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. detailing. braces. columns.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

Context tabs display as you work. and inquiry. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.Software Tools . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials. and parameters. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New. Open. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Print.Software Tools . Save. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Close.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. schedules. sheets. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and groups. Legends. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.Software Tools . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. with four elevation markers visible. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. families.

Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. sun settings. visual style. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.Software Tools . shadow display. cropping. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . rendering (in 3D views). hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. View Control Bar View scale. Windows panel on the ribbon. level of detail. A check mark indicates it is visible. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.

View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Display and Navigation s 43 . The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Hidden Line. Shaded. Shaded with Edges.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools . It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view. date and time. or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. sun and shadow intensity. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

These controls.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . enabling you to select them. along with other display settings. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

Annotate. To activate or open a view. Insert.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Collaborate. View. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Nine tabs are available: Home. Massing & Site. Structure. Manage and Modify. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 .

Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Context Tabs. Properties Palette. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it. showing options that you can select while you are working. Options Bar. If you select items in the view window. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Display and Navigation s 57 . When a context tab is active.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and Publish. Click a file name to open that file. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Display and Navigation s 65 . Export. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Save. The application menu contains file management controls. the application menu. Print. such as File Open.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. File Close only appears on the application menu. New File.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

or click New > Project from the application menu. If you select the menu option. After you have examined each of them. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. make the Home tab active. To start a new project. The completed exercise 4. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click OK in the dialog box that opens.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. 3. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Display and Navigation s 67 . 2. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. On the ribbon. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Do this for other tabs.

In this exercise. Select Cycle Through All. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. 6. you opened a project file. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.5.Software Tools . Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Close the file without saving. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. and then viewed. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. 7. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

Display and Navigation s 69 . You worked on this file in Getting Started.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. doubleclick the view name. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. In the Project Browser. 2. Open quick_start_building_elements.rvt. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. The file opens to a 3D view. Exercise 2.

70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Properties palette. You are selecting everything visible. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. . 5. Click any interior wall. 4. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Clear Walls and Doors. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 8. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click Filter panel > Filter. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 7. and windows highlight blue. all the walls. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. doors.Software Tools . Click OK. Click the door in the upper left of the model. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 6. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type.3.

Display and Navigation s 71 . On the Modify | Doors context tab. In this exercise. click Create panel > Create Similar. 12. 10.9. you opened a project file. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt. On the Properties palette. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. 11. examined the menus and toolbars. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Place a door as shown. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click any door.

mechanical equipment). you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. annotations. Math (STEM). display controls. and Language Arts. templates. lines. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. Engineering. System families include levels. and views. Pan. Revit provides floor plan. operating settings. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. drafting views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Component families include model objects (furniture.Software Tools . and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. ceiling plan. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and elevation views by default. and 3D views using the View menu. In the exercises.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You can create sections. s Create a new in-place family. schedules. building elements (walls. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. either predefined or user-created. Technology. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. s Load and place component families. floors). 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Work with Revit families.

This lesson relates to science. and math standards. engineering. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

The completed exercise Visibility 1. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.Exercise: View Controls A building model.Software Tools . View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. VG also opens the dialog box. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. First. is an extensive database. There is no way to see everything in it. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window.rvt. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The elevation markers disappear from the view. Right-click. even a small one. 3. Click OK. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The display changes. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Open Unit2_building_elements. Click Zoom to Fit. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. 2. Four elevation markers are visible. Click the Annotation Categories tab. There is also a copy in the course datasets.

4. Select the roof outline. Right-click. 6. Enter ZF. Select Detail Level: Medium. Click Zoom In Region. so be sure to select them both. On the View Control Bar. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Click Open. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Right-click. In the Project Browser. 7. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. 5. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. click Detail Level. There are two parts to an elevation.

You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.Software Tools . Enter VH. Turn off visibility of the elevations. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. change the Underlay value to None. doors and windows are not shown. Click Zoom to Fit. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. as before. View Properties 1. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. On the Properties palette. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit.8. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. 2. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.

Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. enter Roof. Right-click. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Rename.3. For Name. Next to View Range. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. click Edit. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.0". 4. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. the ridge is now visible. Set the cut plane value to 7' . and where the cut plane sits. Click OK. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.

On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the Presets list.Software Tools . In the dialog box that opens. select Shading with Edges.Graphic Display Options 1. select Still. Set the time to 9:30 am. Accept the location that activates. 5. 4. Open Elevation view South. select Winter Solstice. 3. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. under Solar Study. 2. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shadows On. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.rvt.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. The elevation shadows update. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views.

and furniture. 2. Doors are considered standard family entities. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. There are system families. and so on. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Open Unit2_views.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. and annotations are examples of standard families. and floors. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. standard families. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. such as levels. walls. s A system family. windows. load. In Revit. floors. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . railings. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. windows. roofs. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 3. On the Home tab. You add closet doors to interior walls. Additionally. lights. or stand-alone (for example. furniture). and use a Revit family to place a door. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. and families in place. Doors. is predefined within Revit. click Door. Build panel. and place Revit families. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. commercial. you open an existing project file. These components are called families and there are several different types. or institutional structures. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. furniture. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more.rvt.

As you move your cursor near any wall. It has a number of different sizes defined. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Click Open. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Click Open.rfa. If you highlight a door family. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.rvt. Furniture. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. 4. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Locate Double Panel 2. Tag panel. Family files have a file extension of *.rfa. You click to place an instance of the door family. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Project files have a file extension of *. On the Modify | Place Door tab. s s 6. 5. and Annotation. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click the Doors folder. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Accept the default size.

You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. 9. you located.rvt. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.7. Place two more instances of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. but not strongly. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.Software Tools . Place an instance of the door as shown. 8. simply click it. loaded. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. and placed instances of a door family. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. In this exercise.

you open an existing project file. Working with Views and Objects s 83 .rvt. enter 48" x 80". You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The required width is not available. 3. Open Unit2_doors_walls. This door needs to be 48" wide. and create an in-place family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. For Name. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 4. click Duplicate.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Select the double door as shown. 5. modify a door family. Click OK. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 5. In the dialog box. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. For Name. 4. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 1. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Build panel. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. 2. select Generic Models. On the Home tab. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 3. Click OK. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion.Software Tools . is to create a component family in place. enter Hall Clock.6. click Component > Model In-Place. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. The door updates. On the Properties palette.

rvt. and placed a door family. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 12. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .6. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded. 8.2". as shown. Click OK. 7. On the Draw panel. Revit will display . 13. In this exercise. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . you located. 10. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. The family model updates. 11. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 9. click Rectangle.4" as shown. You have created the base of the clock.0' 2".

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools .

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math.

Zoom to an area selected by a left click. True b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Either a or b. To activate a view: a. tab. s Open different views. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. c. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. False 5. context tabs. and Options Bar. c. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. a. b. a. s Create an in-place model family. Turn on Shadows. s Change type properties of a family. Right-click. True b. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Adjust Visual Style Options. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. d. Create a 3D perspective view. False 3. Zoom to the entire model. All content tools are located on the ribbon. The tool shown is used to: a. Views can be renamed. depending on the template selected. and click Open. d. Questions 1. s Change view properties. d. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . Each project has several predefined views. a. True b. 6.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Spin the model in 3D space. b. False 4. c. Go to View > View Name in the menu. 7. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. and place a family from a library. b. s Access. False 2. True b. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. s Change view displays. load.

a. Rotate c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Scroll d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. System c. Standard b. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Blocks c. All of the above. A family created within a project is called ________________. windows.) are called: a. Properties palette 10. In-Place d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Pan and Zoom b. depending on settings 9. Multiview b. a. Families 11. Project Browser d. Parts d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .8. etc.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 8. Lesson Plan 1. 5. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Set project units. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 7. s Create labels. s Create dimension and text styles. s Create a project template. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Duplicate and modify views. 9. 3. 4. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Create dimensions and text.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template.

aias. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.org. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Standards and Building Codes . The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. linetypes. Visit the AIAS website at www.aia.org. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and the settings that are preset within them. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. based on the AIA standards. Explain why templates are used. Many cities and counties have their own rules. linetypes. and Language Arts. Visit the AIA website at www. Math (STEM). Engineering. colors. and so forth. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Technology.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. should be used. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. After completing this lesson. colors. defining the layers. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

one window. a garage. For example. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. the number being its numerical value.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. If there is a fire. doors. like mechanical drawing. and so on. it must have at least one door. defined and adopted by convention. otherwise it is considered a carport. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. and one closet. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drawing Units Architectural drawing. A unit is a particular physical quantity. it cannot be called a bedroom.Standards and Building Codes . If it lacks any of these components. and so on. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. windows. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. a bathroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. A garage must be completely enclosed.

The value of h expressed in the unit foot.For example. and other materials. the construction industry still uses the English. glass. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . using imperial units. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. such as room size and wall height. is 555 ft. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. also known as the International System of Units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. units are applied to dimensions. in the United States. unit symbol ft. is 169 m. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Here h is the physical quantity. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. However. Another method is to apply dual notation. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. In architectural drafting. unit symbol m. or imperial. its value is expressed in the unit meter. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units.. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper.

and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. one value representing another value. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. every 1/8" would represent 1'.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. sheets. In Revit Architecture.) 8. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".Scales are ratios. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. and viewports.Standards and Building Codes . because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . line weight and pattern. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Each size is designated by a letter. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H).

You create and position views. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. temporary Schedules Sections. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . elevators. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. notes Demolition. and then add a title block or other symbols. symbols.a modified version of the AIA standard. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).01. site plan.

followed by information on the building's owner. the electrician. the date drawn. so that the height is less than the width. The paper is oriented landscape. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. The column is divided into sections. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. that is. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . drawing scales. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. the author of the drawing. and so on. Usually. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Typically. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and layer standards. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. For example. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. annotation plot sizes. and other relevant information. fonts. The next space is for tracking revisions. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the HVAC company. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text.Standards and Building Codes . the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text.

in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . required symbols. layer settings. dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth. title blocks.

and walls. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and Language Arts. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. These can be used to build your model.Standards and Building Codes . views. Math (STEM). Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. dimension styles. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Technology. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.

and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

In the New Project dialog box. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. factory. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 3. click Browse. Condominiums.Standards and Building Codes . or store. click New > Project. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In Revit. On the application menu. you create a new project file using a template. Open Revit to an empty project file. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Select a Template 1. apartments. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. 2. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates as starting points.

saving set up time. 6. Select the Residential-Default.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. you started a new project file using a standard template. Click Open. 5. Click OK. click Close to close this project without saving. On the application menu. In this exercise. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Settings s 103 . You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.4.

rvt.Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to a 3D view. open ADA__Settings. In the Project Browser. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 2. In the courseware datasets folder. Pull the cursor to the right. the drawing setup options are preset. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. Click to start a new wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. Build panel. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. click Wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The Wall tool remains active. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.

Place the cursor over the left wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. 7.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. In this exercise. click to start a new wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. s Set Unit symbol to m. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 8. Click OK twice to save the setting change.) 6. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. and move the cursor right. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Close the file without saving. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 5. Click Format for Length.4. Settings s 105 .

or insert components. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 4. click Duplicate. dimensions not only display. click Edit Type. but also control the size and location of objects. 3. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 2. Temporary dimensions display when you select. enter Big Text. Click OK.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. there are two types of dimensions. On the Annotate tab. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Open ADA_Dimensions.Standards and Building Codes . temporary and permanent. 1. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Type Properties dialog box. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Properties palette. Dimension panel.rvt. For Name. click Aligned. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. create. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. By default. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions.

5. Settings s 107 . 7. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Click OK twice. and bottom horizontal walls. 6. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. left. Click to place. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Select the top.

8. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. 9. The Dimension tool stays active. Click to place the dimension. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . created a new dimension style. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. you opened an existing file. In this exercise. upper.

and the view window displays the new plan. Notice the door and window tags.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1.rvt. In the Project Browser. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Settings s 109 . 2. 3. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. There are no annotations visible. In order to do this. These are annotations. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the datasets folder. Right-click. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.

Click OK to update the display of this view. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. On the Manage tab. 8. 1. Settings panel. In the Project Browser. 5. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. click Project Information. Click OK. Model Categories tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture.4. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 7. Double-click to open it. 6.Standards and Building Codes . select or clear the check box of the desired object category. In the Project Browser. 9. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Click Rename. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.

or supply your own values: Click OK. Click OK.Add a Sheet 1.) 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2. In the Value column of Project Address. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Settings s 111 . Click New Sheet. You can also enter the address of your school. Rightclick. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. click Edit. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 3. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.

112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Next. Click Apply. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Add a View to the Sheet 1.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 5.Standards and Building Codes . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Notice the change to the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.4. In the Identity Data and Other sections.

4. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Deactivate View. 2. Select the new viewport. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click in the view. Click Activate View. Settings s 113 . You see the view at the end of your cursor. 3. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click.

The view updates on the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6. Finish the move. The Scale updates in the title block. of the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Place the cursor 7.Standards and Building Codes . s Placed a view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. you: select it. s Added a sheet.5. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. deselect it.

This is one of the longer exercises. Select A-11x8. click New > Titleblock. On the application menu.5 title block template opens. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.rft. Start Revit Architecture. 3. 4. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Click Open. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. It opens to the Recent Files window. A copy of the 11 x 8.5. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Settings s 115 . 2.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

116

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

117

11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

118

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

Settings

s

119

6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

120

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

Settings

s

121

16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

122

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

Settings

s

123

Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Your teacher may specify another location.rfa. 14.Standards and Building Codes . Right-click. Add a label for Sheet Number. Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. s Accept the Sample Value. On the Quick Access toolbar. Save the title block as A . you created a title block using a template file. s Click Add. 11. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise.9. select Drawn By. 15. click Close. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Checked By. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value.Landscape. 10. 13. click Save to save the title block. 12. Click Zoom to Fit.

Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. On the View tab. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. In the Recent Files window. Settings s 125 .Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. you create a new project file. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Your title block is now displayed in the list. The title block appears in the graphics window. 2. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Open. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click New to create a new project using the default template. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 4. 3. Highlight the title block and click OK. Insert a Title Block 1. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Locate your title block. 5.

5. 4. 6.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.Standards and Building Codes . The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. s For Checked By. click Project Information. On the Properties palette. 2. Click OK. Settings panel. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. enter your name. 3. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Click OK. enter Student Project Unit 3. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Click OK. On the Manage tab. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Select the title block. you a created a new project file. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Drawn By. enter your instructor's name. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.

click New > Project. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Create a Template In this exercise. select Project Template. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. Click OK. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and the units for your custom template. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. including how the rendered image looks. 3. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 1. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. and slope angle. On the Insert tab. such as 3D and plan views. you create a new project file. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. you define the title block. settings. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. 2. a dimension style. in addition to predefined wall types. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. angles. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. On the application menu. and then load them like families. In the New Project dialog box. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. In this exercise. and geometry from the template. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. Any new project based on a template inherits all families.

Set the units for the template.Landscape. Open the title block A . Next. In the Type Properties dialog box. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".Standards and Building Codes . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 10. You create a custom dimension style. On the Manage tab. 9. For Name. Click the Length field in the Format column. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK twice. create a Dimension Style. Click OK. click Settings panel > Project Units. 5. On the Annotate tab. 8. enter 3/16" Verdana. click Duplicate. 6.rfa.4. 7. There will be no visible change.

Click New Sheet. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 12. In the Project Browser.11. 14. Settings s 129 . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Select the A . On the Properties palette. Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 15.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. select Sheets (All). Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Click OK. Rightclick. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.

130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save your project template in your class project folder.Standards and Building Codes . and units that you defined.16. as well as dimension style and units.rte. 17. Save the file name as A-English template. The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style. title block. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. In this exercise. Click OK.

are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. abstract format. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed.

A particular physical quantity. A. s Change dimension colors. a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. UBC c. and symbols used in drawing? a. 1:32 5. Using AIA Standards. P. 1:24 d. s Create a text style. AIA b. General Questions 1. English c. you learned to: s Set units in a file. Metric d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. NCTM d. s Create a title block.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A unit 4. s Create dimensions. 1:3 b. True b.02 b. is defined as what? a. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.05 c. 1:12 c. s Create labels. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A. s Create a dimension style. NCSESA 2.02 d. False 3.Standards and Building Codes . s Create text. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Change lineweight. dimension styles. S. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. An architect b. s Create a template. a.

a. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False 4. False 6. True b. To change the scale of a view. you use: a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. True b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. dimensions snap to: a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. By default. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Wall midpoints d. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu > New > Sheet b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Application menu > Properties b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. you click: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. To create a new sheet. a. a. Point offsets 3. Wall centerlines c. In Revit Architecture. To set the units in a project. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Wall faces b.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 4. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Align walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 3. 5. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. Lesson Plan 1.

Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. them. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. separate. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . their construction and materials. and protect its interior spaces. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. List the different types of occupancy.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. After completing this lesson.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

About Walls

s

137

Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

138

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

About Walls

s

139

Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

140

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

About Walls

s

141

142

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

About Walls

s

143

For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

144

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

About Walls

s

145

Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

146

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

About Walls

s

147

Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

148

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Walls

s

149

Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

150

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

After you create the wall. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. To modify a dimension. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. 4.3. 5. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Walls s 151 . (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. As you continue to move the cursor. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Clear the Chain option. Expand the Type Selector list. It will not print. a dashed line displays. Select the Single Line option. Enter 10. click it to open an edit field. but it disappears when you begin another action. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.Brick on Mtl. an angular dimension displays. Click to set the endpoint. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. the dimension updates incrementally. Stud. indicating wall length.

The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.6. On the Modify | Walls tab. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Create panel. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Click to start the next wall. 8. On the View Control Bar. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. click the Detail Level icon. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. 7. Select panel. enter 7. Press ENTER. Click the wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Depending on your zoom in the view. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top.Walls . The wall does not show any internal detail. the controls may sit on top of one another. click Create Similar. click Modify to stop placing walls. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall.

Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. an alignment line displays. Walls s 153 . notice how the wall joins at the corner. Because you drew this last wall from down to up.9. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Select the right vertical wall. no matter where you move the cursor. Because you drew the wall from up to down. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Also. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Notice that two dimensions display. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Click Modify. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. release the mouse button to set a new length. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. 10. Make the horizontal wall 8' long.

Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 12. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. When using the Chain option. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 15. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 13. This is the same as clicking Modify. On the Home tab. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. click Wall. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Click Cancel. 14.11. Repeat. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 16. Sketch the walls as shown.Walls . Build panel. Select the lower vertical wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Right-click.

Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle.18. After clicking the second end. Clear the Chain option. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 17. 20. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 19. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. In this exercise. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Create Similar again. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.rvt. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Walls s 155 . Click Zoom to Fit. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Modify.

Walls . showing that there are now two separate wall sections. trim. The cursor changes to a razor blade. fillet. Do the same for the vertical wall. To do this. and extend walls.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. you first split the walls at the intersections.rvt from the previous exercise. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. You now remove the upper right corner. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Click Modify. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. This exercise illustrates how to split. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 4. 2. 3. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Only part of the wall highlights. Split Walls 1. Both split walls are shown below. align. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. click Undo and repeat the steps. 2. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Enter 5'. Select any wall. 4. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. click Create Similar. 5. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Modify panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. Click Fillet Arc. You can also click the flip control. On the Options Bar. Create panel. 3. click Delete.Fillet Walls 1. select Radius. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. If you make a mistake. On the Modify | Wall tab. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Walls s 157 . Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building.

2. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 3.Walls . Place an interior wall as shown.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. select Basic Wall: Interior . 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. You align the wall in the next steps. The Wall tool is still active. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.

To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Pull the cursor straight up. You can select other parts of walls for alignment.4. Click to create a wall. such as location lines. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s On the Options Bar. Walls s 159 . The length is not critical. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain.

The walls can cross. Select the two interior walls in turn. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the horizontal wall as shown.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 6. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 4. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.Walls . 5. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will extend to the border. The length is not critical. Select the vertical wall as shown. 3. This will be the border. 2. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.

Walls s 161 . you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim. fillet. In this exercise. align. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7.rvt.

satisfy different requirements. 1. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. The Modify tool is active by default. and vary in cost. 2. 3.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Properties palette. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. In the Project Browser. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. click Edit Type.Walls . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. Select the Exterior wall as shown.

the wall structure should be as shown. s Click Up. 8. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click the arrow at the right. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 5. Click Insert twice. To edit the structure of the wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. For Name. enter 8" Insulated Stud. except Core Boundary. When you are finished. Every layer of a wall. s Click Down twice. Walls s 163 . s Click the number of Layer 3. 7. click Edit in the Structure value field. Click OK. Add two additional layers to the wall.4. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. has a Function you can edit. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. 6. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2.

s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Click the icon that appears at the right. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. which displays plan or section views. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Modify the Function. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 10. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 13. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s Set the Material to Wood .Walls . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. select Finishes . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. 11. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Stud Layer. s Set the Material to Finishes . Material.9. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Exterior . 12.

Click Apply to update the view. 17. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. 16. select Medium. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. From the Detail level list. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.14. Walls s 165 . Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. expand the Families branch. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 15.

In this exercise.Walls . Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click 8" Exterior.18. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You opened an existing file. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 20. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 19. From the Type Selector list. Close the file without saving. defined a new wall structure.

a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . wood rails. such as a weatherproof outside surface. In this exercise. Select one of the Exterior . 3. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. for example. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.Brick on Mtl. You can define a wall type with these elements. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. 2. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a decorated interior surface.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. a structural mid-section. The model opens in a 3D view.rvt. Stud walls as shown. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Be sure to select the wall and not a window.

5. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can assign different materials to regions. either horizontally or vertically. You change the type. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the new regions assume the same material as the original. 1. click Edit. Click Split Region. or you will lose your changes. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. in the Structure value field.4. 2. To split a layer or region horizontally. highlight one of the borders. 6. When you split a layer. You can set the sample height to any value.Walls . Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Wall structures are Type Properties. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. To define the structure of the wall. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. If not already expanded. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. To split a layer or region vertically. You can split regions into other regions. As indicated in the dialog box title. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. In this exercise. into regions. 7. 8. so all instances of this type change. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary.

1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry .3. Click to merge them. Walls s 169 . Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Prehighlight a border between regions. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. 3.Brick layer. 4. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. After merge. In this case. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge the two layers. Click to split the region into two parts. assign Layer 1. When you merge regions. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. 2. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. The upper split disappears.

To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. If you set the split offset down from the top. After a region is split. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 2. Click again to return to the original position.Walls . you assign the material Masonry Brick . which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . indicating that it is modifiable. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. s Select the split line. Change the value to 12. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". click Modify. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 1. 3. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. to the next parallel line. The dimension text turns blue.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 2. To create a new wall layer. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Click the temporary dimension text. Next. Click Insert. Press ENTER. 3. In the Edit dialog box. instead of down. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 4.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 1. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one.

All walls of this type have been changed. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry .Brick Soldier Course. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 6. as shown. it highlights in blue in the preview window. The preview changes appearance. 10. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. 7. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. It immediately highlights in blue. When a layer is selected in the table. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Split Region. and Insert Layer tools. Click OK. Walls s 171 .Brick Soldier Course layer. because it is now the selected layer. Close the file without saving. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.4. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Merge Region. Change the Material to Masonry . 9. It also shows a thickness value. In this exercise. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click OK. Modify. Click Assign Layers. 8. 5. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4].

and insulation. installed. piping. and protected. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. earth. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.Walls . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. ducting. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

s

173

Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

174

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

s

175

About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

176

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

s

177

Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

178

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

s

179

Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

180

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but also the natural lighting.Doors and Windows .Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the ventilation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

the width can be no less than 20". if there is no other escape route. The height can be no less than 24".7 sq.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . ft. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.

and Language Arts. and copy these elements. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. windows. and how to position. Doors and Windows s 187 . Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. move. and math standards. technology. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. you learn how to place doors and windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Math (STEM). In this unit. s Copy windows. This lesson relates to science.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Center a door in a wall. how to load additional door and window families. engineering. and furniture are defined in family files. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Engineering.

2.Doors and Windows . you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. 3. To flip the door. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. On the Home tab. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. In other words. click Door. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. When placing doors in a plan view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. To reverse the swing. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Add Doors 1. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Build panel. elevation view. the door swing would be to the left side. or 3D view. move the cursor to the right side of the wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Once a door is placed. This can be done in a plan view.

2.Load Families 1. Doors and Windows s 189 . Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. From the Type Selector list. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. on the Modify | Place Door tab.rfa. 3. except for the Type Selector. walls. In order to keep file size small. click Load Family. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. With the Door command active. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. The display does not change. Select the door Double-Panel 2. and windows into project files. Click Open. Mode panel.

select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . From the Type Selector. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 5. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.4.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Place instances of single doors as shown. To Doors and Windows s 191 . If you place a door in the wrong location. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. Remember. or by using the swing control arrows. change a temporary dimension.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. simply click it and enter the correct value.

7. Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Build panel. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. On the Home tab. approach the wall from the right side.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. You can place windows in a plan view. elevation view. To face the outside of the window to the other side.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. When placing windows in a plan view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. 2. the outside of the window is to the left side. or 3D view. Open Unit5_doors. Add Windows 1. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . click Modify and select the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. From the Type Selector. click Window. Windows have exterior and interior sides.

You do not need to add dimensions.3. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. and placed windows. 4. you opened an existing project.Doors and Windows .rvt. placed doors. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. In this exercise. Place seven more windows as shown. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 5. Window tags do not number in sequence. loaded a door family. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.

You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. you open an existing project file. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. and so on. 1. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Dimension panel. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. constrain it to be centered in a wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. place a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 4. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 3. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . wall. On the Annotate tab. and modify the wall. 2. s Align and modify walls. click Aligned. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door.rvt.

196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the lock icon to enable it.s s s s Click the left wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The door changes location. The walls are now aligned. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 5. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 6. Click it and it changes as shown. Select the upper wall first. Align Walls 1. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the right wall. This means that if one wall shifts. Notice the symbol. 2.Doors and Windows . the other wall will remain aligned. Click the center of the door. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.

4. 5. 3. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Dimensions display below it. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The walls shift and remain aligned. Clear the EQ Display value. Doors and Windows s 197 . Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Right-click.

Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.rvt. you placed a continuous dimension.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 7.6. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

4. 1. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. In this exercise. Create panel. Doors and Windows s 199 . Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Select one of the windows located in the east wall.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. On the Modify | Windows tab. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.rvt. especially if there are many different types. 2. click Create Similar. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned.

The window is copied. The window will change appearance. Select the window you just placed. 4.Doors and Windows . Modify panel. click Copy. 3. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Copy Windows 1. 2. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. On the Modify | Windows tab.

Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Doors and Windows s 201 . In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6.rvt.5. Click Zoom to Fit.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. The stability of glass in response to wind. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold. heat.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

General Questions 1. 30" c. 32" b. Custom 3. 34" 4. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 40" d. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. 32" d. 28" b. Standard b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Position a door or window. s Place a window. If a room is used for sleeping. 36" c. s Copy a door or window. a. a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. you learned to: s Place doors. s Align a door or window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.

Select the door. Click Door Properties. a. d. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you: a. Insert d. Use door grips to reposition. A reference plane b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. d. To change the location of a door or window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. a. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. False 5. Link c. Load from Library b. c. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Properties 3. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. True b. Clone b. b. Click Flip Direction. 4. Click Door Properties. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Offset c. b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Duplicate d. To center a door or window in a wall. Right-click. c. you use ________. Load c. a. True b. False 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select the door. Copy 8. Select the door. True b. you use: a. 6. Select the door.Doors and Windows . Click Modify > Flip Direction. The center snap 7.

(Student) Evaluate students. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 6. 2. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 3. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. Review stairs and railings.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . s Create railings.

206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. After completing this lesson. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the different stair types.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. engineering. Technology. and Language Arts. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. This lesson relates to technology.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Once the actual riser height is determined. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.

The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.Stairs and Railings . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.

A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Due to building code. This saves space when changing direction. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Doors should swing the direction of egress. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.

but not more than 2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38".

the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. As you move the cursor. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. U-shaped stairs. s Add a railing. In multistory buildings. s Create U-shaped stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. of certain horizontal depth or run. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. The riser and run values update accordingly. and math standards. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Modify stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. You can define straight runs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Math (STEM). and stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. which includes elevators. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Technology. L-shaped runs with a landing.Stairs and Railings . This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. and spiral stairs. For safety reasons. You create stairs in a plan view. you will be able to: s Create stairs. or tread. or vertical circulation. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. ramps.

Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. Zoom in Region to the lobby. you create stairs using a straight run. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.rvt. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. 3. This file is in metric units. On the Properties palette. From the courseware datasets folder. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Before you create the stairs.

You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).Stairs and Railings . On the Home tab. you create a straight run. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .4. Circulation panel. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. These tools are used to define your stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. Run is preselected. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. click Stairs. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. In this case.

You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. the run footprint stops expanding. 10. If you have not fully created the run. Select this intersection point to start your run. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. As you move the cursor up. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. To change the run dimension. 8. You can continue to move the cursor up. Stairs and Railings s 219 . On the Mode panel. You can also enter a distance of 4400. select Finish (green check). you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. and then click to define the run of stairs. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.6. 9. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 7.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click application menu > Save As > Project. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. 13. and switched to a 3D view.rvt. 12. To avoid overwriting the original file. you created and placed a straight run stair. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.11.Stairs and Railings . The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.

The stair is not centered on the landing. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Activate view Floor Plans. On the Modify tab.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Level 1. click Align. Stairs and Railings s 221 . 2. Edit panel.rvt. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.

You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. If you have a scroll mouse.Stairs and Railings . 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.4. On the Options Bar. Click the center of the stairs. The Align command remains active. select Wall centerlines. You can rotate your model to get a better view. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. 5. from the Prefer list.

Graphics. enter Lobby Stairs. On the Properties palette. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Change Width to 1350. As you prehighlight them. s Click OK. click Edit Type. railings were created with the stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. and Dimensions subsections. s Click Duplicate. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties.6. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. s For Name. In the Project Browser. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. 7. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Hover the cursor over the railing. Select the stairs. 8. On the Properties palette. expand Sections (Building Section). 9.

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.10. Select both railings.Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Lobby Stair View. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Cherry s s Click Modify. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .

Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The stair changes to the run sketch. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. click Edit Sketch. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Stairs and Railings s 225 . The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. In the Type Selector. Click it to select it. s Select the stairs (not a railing). s Zoom in on the stairs. you change the shape of the stairs. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Mode panel. 13. Next. 14. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The railings change.12. Delete this line.

19. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s On the Modify panel. click Boundary. 16. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created. On the Draw panel. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. click the left end of the top riser. Click Modify. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the arc. To place the second arc endpoint. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.15. 17. 18.

the arc center point. Next. Click to exit the Mirror command. First.21. select the endpoint of the left boundary. On the Draw panel. 20. Click CenterEnds-Arc. click Riser. This will define a rounded first step. Stairs and Railings s 227 . For the third point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Delete the first (bottom) riser line.

On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Finish. 23. you modified stair properties and boundaries.Stairs and Railings .22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. In this exercise.rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results.

To make sure you are selecting the railing. For simple railings. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. This is typically done in plan view.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. 2. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Stairs and Railings s 229 . 3. Select the right side railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Click Modify. s s Sketch a Railing 1. In this case. you need to define a path for the railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you sketch the plan view path. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Therefore. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. The completed exercise To create a railing.rvt from the previous exercise.

s s On the Options Bar. on the Modify | Railings tab. You do not need to add dimensions.Stairs and Railings . Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. 5. 6. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 7. To set the exact distance. click Edit Path. edit the temporary dimension.4. select Chain. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Then. click Line. On the Draw panel. Once the railing is selected. Mode panel. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right.

rvt. 8. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. 9. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Stairs and Railings s 231 . In this exercise.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete your lines and try again. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. you used sketch tools to create a railing.

you create a reference plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. 2. s On the Home tab. In a floor plan view. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Work Plane panel.Stairs and Railings . The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Create a Reference Plane 1. In this exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. the stairs appear as a U-shape.rvt from the previous exercise.

Stairs and Railings s 233 . or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. click Stairs. For Name. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. Circulation panel. 3. On the Properties palette. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Pull the cursor straight up. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes .s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. To start sketching the run. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 4. 5. change the Width parameter to 900. Matte 2.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 6. Click OK. enter Exit Stairs. Click Edit Type. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Click OK twice. Dark Gray.

Press ENTER. Click to place the first run.7. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 9. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer to the right. with none remaining to be created.Stairs and Railings . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 8. Click to finish the stair run. enter 1925.

it is because you have overlapping lines.10. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Remove the additional lines. On the View Control bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the Stairs panel. but they are hidden behind walls. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. You want to inspect your stairs. To remove the lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. you select Continue to return the sketch. If you get an error message. Click Finish Stairs again. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. click Finish Stairs. 11. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Stairs and Railings s 235 . 2.

On the View Control Bar. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. This is a multistory stair. Reset the Display 1. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Select the stairs so they highlight. and to create a U-shaped stair. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Finally. The walls are now hidden. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 3. On the Properties palette. The exterior walls reappear. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. In this exercise. 2. Zoom in to see your stairs.Stairs and Railings .rvt. 5. 6. 4. you learned to create a reference plane.3.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps. escalators. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 .

s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . this openness makes them fire hazards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. smoke guards.Stairs and Railings .Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. and deliver riders without wait time. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Include landings as required by your local building code. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. but they can also be highly decorative. They cost less.

you learned to: s Create stairs. 45 degrees c. 180 degrees 3. and all treads should be the same run. True b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. a. 25 degrees b. False 2. 36" d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. 40" 4. b. s Modify stair boundaries. s Create railings. 32" c. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 90 degrees d. True b. a. 30" b. General Questions 1. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a.

Treads. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Boundary lines. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a. Run. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . risers b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. riser lines c. You can apply materials to different stair components. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Arc d. a. True b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Fasten Railing 5. Rectangle c. risers and treads.Stairs and Railings . Manage d. Home b. Insert 2. Align Railing d. True b. riser d. Line b. Modify c. Railings. Pick New Host b. that is. Circle 4. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. risers 3. False 6. you use the _______ option. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Attach Railing c.

s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Place fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Review of roof types. (Student) 7. Lesson Plan 1. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Evaluate Students. (Student) 11. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 8. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 3. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.

and pitch of a sloped roof. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. and downspouts. After completing this lesson. Identify the different roof types. run. roof types. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. tiles. gutters. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.Roofs . It addresses roof construction. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Calculate the rise.

engineering. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Technology. and math standards. About Roofs s 243 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. s Rake: The inclined. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Math (STEM). technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

snow. the roofing pattern. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. both low and steep. are designed for shedding water and snow. resistance to wind and fire. and if visible. resulting in at least one textured face. About Roofs s 245 . and low maintenance roofing material. These are used more often on upscale homes. fire-resistant. rot. Sloped roofs. You can use them for many different applications. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. durability. They come in several types. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. resistance to wind and fire. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. brands. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and colors. the roofing pattern. as well as how effective a shelter it is. maintenance. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. and color. texture. durability. texture. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and if visible. maintenance. and sun. and sunlight.

odor. galvanized steel. fiberglass. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. and insulating capability (R-value). special characteristics (for example. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. and require little maintenance. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night.Roofs . s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. treatment for insects. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. choose a type that will suit your needs.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. quality. Therefore. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. galvanized steel. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. durable. They are fire-resistant. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. This same roof on a clear. reinforced plastic. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. consider such factors as cost. zinc alloy. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Unfortunately. and so forth). or corrugated structural glass.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

the requirements for underlayment.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing.Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams. purlins.

Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Many barns use gambrel roofs.

rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. run.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. A number indicates the value of the rise. The run value is typically equal to 12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. and span. where as. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.

try to specify standard roof pitch. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7-12. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof. 7 on 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12.Roofs .

s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. that convey rainwater to drains. or eaves. or ice. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. you can add gutters. water. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Once you create a roof. often supporting a gutter. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. snow. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Create a hip roof. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Create various roof types. s Place gutters. you work with massing shapes and not building components. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. soffits. Roofs s 255 . s Create a roof fascia. or roof overhangs. To create a roof by face. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. and fascia. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. dormers.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. and Language Arts. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. technology.Roofs . This lesson relates to science. Engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

4. Click OK to continue. 2.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.rvt. the top of the roof profile is sketched.. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. In the Work Plane dialog box. Open ADA_Roofs. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 3. select the Name option. To create an extruded roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. you create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.

s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. The section view should display as shown. Draw panel. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. select Section: Section 1. On the Work Plane panel. s Use the image below for guidance. In the Go To View dialog box. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 3. Before sketching the roof's profile. Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Ref Plane. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. click Line. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 4.Roofs .5. Click Open View. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 6. 2.

Using the image below for guidance. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Select the new dimension. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Roofs s 259 .6. Using a positive offset value. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. 5.

enter Horizontal. click Chain.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. On the Properties palette. 5. click Finish (green check). 3. On the Mode panel. click Line. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 6. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 4.Roofs . 1. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. you can label them. for Name. Click Modify. s On the Options Bar. Click OK. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Right-click. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 7.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8. Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 261 .12" type. 9.

Roofs . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. This is a two-step process. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. 1. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. carefully select the far right roof edge. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Using the images for guidance. 2. Edit Geometry panel. 3. On the Modify tab.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Roofs s 263 . The roof is now trimmed on both sides. On the Modify Wall panel. click Attach: Top/ Base. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. 2. To select both walls together. 3.4. Select the roof. open the view Sections: Section 1. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Trim Walls 1. In the Project Browser. However. select Attach Wall: Top. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Options Bar. Select both walls.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 5. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct.Roofs . you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.rvt. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.

Because you are in a 3D view. Click Yes. select Garage Roof. From the drop-down list. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Unit7_first_roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The footprint sketch is created at 2. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. On the Home tab.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.rvt. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 1. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 3. The inner loops define openings in the roof. In this exercise. so you look straight down as in a plan. Build panel. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. 4. a dialog box is displayed. by Footprint. from existing walls. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. you create a gable roof using a footprint.

Roofs . 7. 8. Next. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. clear the Defines slope option.5. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . Use the image below for guidance.0". To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s On Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. If you place a line on the wrong side. select the vertical wall on the left. click Pick Walls. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. click Defines Slope. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 6. Select the right vertical wall of the garage.

click Finish. Select the left slope defining line. Click Modify. 2. Click beside the edit box to enter the value.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. To complete the roof. 3. Click the 9"/12" text. defining lines separately. The new roof displays. Other controls also display. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. click Yes. When a roof line is set to slope defining. By default. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. 1. It becomes an editable field. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Roofs s 267 . change the value to 6"/12". Change this value to 6"/12". Select the right side roof line. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. That value displays next to the slope arrow.

you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.Roofs . In this exercise. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt.4. 5.

Build panel.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. 3. 4. Roofs s 269 . On Home tab. set the overhang to 1' 0". Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. To chain-select all of the walls. click to select them. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 2. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Options Bar. When all of the walls prehighlight. Clear Defines Slope. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt.

As an alternate. Right-click. Using the image for guidance. verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Draw panel. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Zoom into the chimney area. 2. On the Options Bar. 4. 3. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. click Rectangle.Create a Roof Opening 1.Roofs .

On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. select the Defines Slope. Click Modify. click Yes. 4. 5.Add Slope Lines 1. Select the uppermost. The slope indicator displays. 2. Click Finish. 6. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Select the left lower horizontal line. select Defines Slope. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Roofs s 271 . 3. horizontal line.

and chimney penetration. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. attached walls.Roofs .

5. Build panel. Select the three walls shown in the image. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Select Defines Slope. The file should open to a 3D view. 3.rvt.0". you create a hip roof. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Create the Roof 1. 2. set Overhang to 2' . Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Zoom into the area shown. Roofs s 273 . The completed exercise On the Home tab. 4. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.

Roofs . Switch to a 3D View. In addition. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Raise the Roof 1. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Line tool.0". Click Finish to complete the roof. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope. On the Properties palette. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 3. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. 2. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Right-click the ViewCube. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . click Line. s On the Draw panel.7. Click OK. 6. To close the roof sketch.

Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 . click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

rvt. In this exercise. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. you created a hip roof using a footprint.2.Roofs .

Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 5. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Roofs s 277 . Clear Defines Slope. 4. 2. On the Draw panel. 3. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 6. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 7. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. click Line.rvt. Create a Shed Roof 1. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.

278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the line. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 10. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Select the lower. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".Roofs . On the Properties palette. 9. 11.8. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Click Modify. 12. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 13.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16. Roofs s 279 . 15. Finish the Roof. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view. 17. click Yes. Click OK. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.rvt.14. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 18.

click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. On the Properties palette. Select the Roof. You see four levels defined in the model. 2. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Open the Default 3D view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. 3. On the menu bar. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.rvt.Roofs . Cutoff Level list. 4. The roof updates. Activate the view North Elevation. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. select Level 3.

rvt. To set the slope for the new roof. On the Home tab. Zoom and spin to see your model. 7. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. on the Properties palette. 12. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. click Pick Lines. 10. 8. In this exercise. Select the inner rectangle as shown. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Finish the Roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Roofs s 281 . On the Draw panel. select Defines Slope. Switch to a 3D View. 11.6. 13. On the Options Bar. 9.

Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. In the Type Selector. The file should open to a 3D view.rvt. thereby reducing energy consumption. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 1. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Select the main roof over the house.Roofs . 3. 2.

4. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 3. click Edit Type.Define a Roof Structure 1. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s Click OK. For Structure Value. enter Clay Tile. Roofs s 283 . click Edit. Click Insert to add a layer. Select the roof over the garage. click Duplicate. 5. It is a generic roof type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 2. Select Layer 2 as shown. For Name. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.

s s s In the Materials dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click OK twice.rvt. 7. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.Roofs . s Click OK. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. select Model. 8. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 6. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.

The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. click Roof > Fascia. 4. to support a gutter. 3. In the Open dialog box. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. In this exercise.rfa. or for decoration. On the Home tab. Click Open. Roofs s 285 . you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rvt. 2. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Insert tab.

Roofs . select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Set the Material value to Metal . 6.Paint Finish Ivory. For Name. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. for Profile. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click OK. Matte. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. 9.rvt. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.

2. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Place Gutters In this exercise. Click OK. s Click Duplicate. 6. 1. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. On the Home tab.rvt. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. select Gutter . Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. In the Type Properties dialog box. Under Material parameter. so as not to detract from the design of the building. you add gutters to a building. 3. 5. For Name. under Profile parameter.Roofs . The completed exercise 4. select Metal Aluminum. Click OK. click Roof > Gutter. click Edit Type.Bevel: 5" x 5".

rvt. Roofs s 289 . you attached gutters to a roof. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 8.7. 9. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 11. Segments will clean up at corners. If you click the interior face. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 10. In this exercise. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces.

and cold. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m. s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

s Place gutters. a. Shed 4. Gambrel d. High d. the run is always 12. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. False 2. General Questions 1. Hip c. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. True b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. When referring to roof slope. a. s Place fascia. True b. None of the above 3. Low b. Gable b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. a.Roofs .

place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. True b. Turn slopes on or off. Material 8. False 5. Activate Slope 9. True b. c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Create an opening. Defines Slope c. Walls. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. extrusion. Sketch c. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. profile 2. Footprint b. Footprint. 10. Roofs can be created using ______.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Slope c. a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. place a check mark next to: a. SHIFT c. a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. TAB b. profile. Trim/Extend b. ENTER 4. To add a slope to a roofline. you use: a. Create Slope d. Face 3. DEL d. a. Extrusion d. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. face b. a. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Add Slope b. Footprint. d. Expand/Contract 6. lines c. b. pick d. True b. Sketch. extrusion. Cut/Lengthen c. False 7. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Change the direction of the slope. sketch. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Footprint b. a. Change the direction of the roof. A compound roof contains layers. ______ or _______. a. Walls d.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create a section view.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Lesson Plan 1. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2.

Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are used to examine the roof. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and tool racks.Sections and Elevations . 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and wall conditions at that particular slice location. the kitchen. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. In a commercial structure. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and special equipment. bathrooms. In a residential building. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. floor. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. the location of special equipment. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. After completing this lesson. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. cabinetry.

and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. technology. Math (STEM). Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and Language Arts. Engineering.

s Methods of construction for the framing crew. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. framing. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Vertical transportation method (stairs). and foundation plans. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.Sections and Elevations . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. across its narrower dimension. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. on the long axis of the building. t Cross or transverse sections. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and are properly cross-referenced.

full. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. unnecessary. such as framing connections and foundation details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. such as doors and windows. it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Sections and Elevations . s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. For larger elevations. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s The position relationship between different elements. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. South. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. bushes. or methods of installation. For siding. the titles assigned (North. The size of the object is listed first. however.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. cars. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. people. and so forth. You may. followed by any additional information about spacing. shadows." Mfr. East. Therefore. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. and then the name of the material. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Unnecessary Information Shades. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. this is reversed. For a wood structure. With interior elevations. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. quantity. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. For example. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north.

Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. This is usually done using a topset. and special equipment such as toilets. or MDF. doors and direction of door swings. tile. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. windows. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. dishwashers. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. or linoleum) and the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Molding is usually made of plaster. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". and types of finish materials used. shelf arrangements. coving.Sections and Elevations . Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. or decorative patterns. Hinges are concealed. doors. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. and materials used. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. chamfers. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. casements. flush overlay. or a baseboard. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. which is a formed pressboard. It may have curves. other openings. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. This is more costly than regular overlay. and other appliances. wood. and lip. The trim is usually glued into place. It can also be used around doorways and windows.

s Create and add notes to a detail section. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Change the section head. s Create an interior elevation. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. and a section symbol on all plans. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . which you can then add to a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Place a section view on a sheet. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.

The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Once created.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. and Language Arts. and math standards. technology. engineering. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. like an elevation. Math (STEM). but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. A section is a horizontal view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design.Sections and Elevations . You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. or other section view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. elevation.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

Sections and Elevations . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. When you create a section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . By resizing the crop region.

pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add breaklines as needed. s Add detail notes. which is spoken as 2 in 12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. s Add structural details. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. So. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. the slope of this roof is 2:12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Details are crucial for effective construction. In a set of construction documents. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. In the example shown. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Once you create the detail section. such as anchor bolts and siding.

310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

click Section. The file opens to a 3D view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.rvt.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create panel. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The Section command is available from the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 3. On the View tab. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 2. Create a Section View 1. Open the file ADA_Sections. The completed exercise 6. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 4.

and it has control grips to resize it. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Section Properties 1. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . With the section line selected. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 3. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The actual location is not critical. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. This is called the crop region. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.Sections and Elevations . the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. On the Properties palette.

Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 7. The section view updates. 5.4.rvt. 6. When you drew the section line. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In this exercise. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). change Far Clip Offset to 10. In the Properties palette. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Clear Crop Region Visible. you automatically created a section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. 8. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.

Filled. Load from Library panel. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Several section head families are available. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Click Open to load the family. On the Insert tab. click Duplicate. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . click Load Family. 4. For Name. Select Section Head-Open. 5. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 7. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK. Section Head . 3.No Arrow. enter Open Arrow. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 6. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. On the Manage tab. Settings panel.rfa.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. and Section Head . The view does not change.1 point Filled. They include Section Head .

select Open Arrow. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. 11. Sections and Elevations s 315 .8. 13. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Select the section line. enter Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field. Click OK. 14. 12. For Name. Click Duplicate. 9. Click OK. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Save as Unit8_section_open. 10.Open.rvt. select Section Head . For Section Head. The section head updates to the new head type.

Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. To reposition the callout head. 6. This is a building section.rvt. 2. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 5. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create panel. select the border of the callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 3. On the View tab.Sections and Elevations . click Callout. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 4. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open file ADA_Detail_Section. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0".

click Region > Filled Region. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. On the Annotate tab.7. On the Properties palette. On the Options Bar. as shown.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. detail components. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 2. region patterns. Line is selected automatically. Sections and Elevations s 317 . select Chain. Detail panel. You can add detail lines. 3. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. On the Draw panel. but not strongly. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. 1. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 8. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. 4. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view.

Click Modify. 7. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Select the upper and right side lines. 6.Sections and Elevations . For Name. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. enter Earth. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.5.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.Section. Click Open. the filled region may appear as solid fill. If you zoom in closer. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. select Finish (green check).rfa. 2. click Load Family. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Detail panel. From the Fill Pattern list. the pattern becomes visible. 1. Click OK.8. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 9. 3. On the Place Detail Component tab. Sections and Elevations s 319 . click Component > Detail Component. On the Mode panel. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.

5. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. From the Type Selector. In the Specify Types dialog box. Click OK. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.Sections and Elevations . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

Using the image below for guidance. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. From the Type Selector. Add another Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.6. 8. 7. Move it after placement if necessary. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Plywood. From the Type Selector list.

The exact vertical placement is not critical. Place the component similarly to the image below. 10.9. Click Modify. From the Type Selector. Select the vertical plywood. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Use the image below for guidance. 11. set the Thickness to 3/4". 12. select anchor bolt. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . This component represents the subflooring. Click Component > Detail Component. On the Properties palette.

Click Modify. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Use the image below for guidance. select Multiple. On the Options Bar.13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Lap Siding. select Copy. Add another Detail Component. 14.

select Wide Lines. Detail panel. Add Detail Lines 1. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. click Detail Line. 16. Save the file. 2. On the Annotate tab. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.Sections and Elevations . From the Line Style Selector.15. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Start at the end of the siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

3. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 4. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Still using Wide Lines.

Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 7. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 9. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The wall display updates. Save the file. Detail panel. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select the wall so it highlights. Add Insulation 1. click Insulation. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Modify. On the Annotate tab. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Next. 10. Right-click.6.Sections and Elevations . select the Material field in row 3. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 2. 8. identified as Wall material 1. Click Edit in the Structure field. you show the gypsum board in the wall.

Your view should resemble the image shown. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. From the Type Selector. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component.2. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 1. On the Annotate tab. 3. select Break Line.

Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. The Detail Component tool is still active. To complete the detail. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. In this exercise. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. You place another breakline. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 7. The view should resemble the image shown. and detail components to it. detail lines. 5. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. Place the breakline as shown. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.4.

The size of the object is listed first. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Clear Annotation Crop. With nothing selected in the view. To add notes. The border around the view will disappear. 1. quantity. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.rvt. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. weatherproofing. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.

Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 8. leader arrow as shown. click Two Segments. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Text panel. 7. 12. On the Format panel. On the Annotate tab. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 9. click Text. 6. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . R13. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. As you pull your cursor to the right. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 10. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4" WEATHERING. Finally. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.Sections and Elevations . 5.4. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. From the Type list. insulation. Move the pointer up 11.

. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.13. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O..TYPE X. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together.C.C. 16. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. or wood treated with preservative against rot. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the floorboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Click off the text to finish the entry. CONT is short for Continuous. 18. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 14. 15. 20. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the baseboard. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 5/8" GWB . O. 19.C. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 17.C.

rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Click ENTER to start a second line. 23. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 22..Sections and Elevations . 21. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . In this exercise. Click Modify. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Note: GALV signifies galvanized.

In this exercise. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt. 6.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 5. Click New Sheet. The new sheet becomes the current view. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. highlight Sheets. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 3. click Load. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click Open. and locate the detail view on it.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Right-click. In the Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 333 . In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Locate the A-Landscape. or elevation view. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. 4. section. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Highlight your title block. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. you will want to add the views to a sheet. 2.

click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar.Sections and Elevations . On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. Select a Level Line. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Both Level ends will move together. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.7. select view Detail at Foundation. 9. Drag it to the right. Click the control at its left end. click Hide Crop Region. close to the crop border. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 8.

enter Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Project Browser. For Name. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.rvt. In this exercise. enter S. Click Zoom to Fit. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 12.301.10. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. 13. For Number. highlight the new sheet. Right-click. Click Rename. you: s Created a new sheet. 11. Click OK. Sections and Elevations s 335 .

s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Click the Annotations tab. When you create a project with a template. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Set the display for building components as needed. Click OK. and west. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. The elevation markers are now visible.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. four elevation views are included: north. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Click Zoom to Fit. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Add any necessary dimensions. 2. It is defined by the green dotted line. Right-click. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Open ADA_Elevations. s Add material notes. 3.Sections and Elevations . 2. south. 6. east. 4. Select Elevations. 5.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add slope indication for roof.

3. On the Modelling tab. 4. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Annotations tab. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. clear Sections. 5. Next. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Planting. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the View Control Bar.2. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view.

Select the Material field for Layer 1. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.Sections and Elevations .7. Select the wall. click to open the list. In Surface Pattern. 10. 11. Click the button that displays to select a material. click Edit Type.Exterior Stucco. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. modified its display. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. 12. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. On the Properties palette.rvt. Select Sand. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. select Edit in the Structure field. It will be identified as Condo . 13. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. and modified the wall display characteristics. Click Zoom to Fit. 9. you activated an elevation view.

4. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note.rvt. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. quantity. Sections and Elevations s 339 . In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. or methods of installation. Add a note for the stone wall. Enter TX. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. The size of the object is listed first.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 2. Add a note for the foundation. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 5. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 3.

6. 8. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 9. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the roof. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the exterior stucco. In this exercise.

1. click Spot Slope. 2. enter 1/8". For Offset from Reference. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. select Triangle. 5. Dimension panel.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click to select the roof line. 3. On the Annotate tab. 4. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. from the Slope Representation list. Click again to locate the slope indicator. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 6. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. On the Options Bar.rvt.

7. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to locate the slope indicator. 9. Dimension panel. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 10. Click to select the roof line. click Aligned. 11. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. On the Annotate tab. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable.

select wall breaks and levels. and dimensions for clarity.rvt.12. Arrange notes. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. leaders. and vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. slope indicators. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Sections and Elevations s 343 . To create a continuous dimension as shown. 14. The west elevation now contains material notes. In this exercise. 13.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. equipment rooms. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. 3. kitchens.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. dimensions. Highlight the view. In the Project Browser. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Find Referring Views. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.rvt. This view was already defined in the drawing. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . 2. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. special closets. and cabinetry. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. Click Open View.

Sections and Elevations s 345 . Select Suppress 0 Feet. Right-click. Clear Use Project Settings. click OK. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. s s s s Click Duplicate. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Dimension panel. 7. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. click Aligned. 6. 5. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms.4. On the Annotate tab. In the Name box. Click the value field for Units Format 8.

9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.Sections and Elevations . detail the interior section. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You modified a dimension style. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.rvt. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. In this exercise. 10.

2. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . All of the above. The orientation of the exterior elevation. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Not in Concrete b. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Show the relationships between elements. d. Either one. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Cabinetry d. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. True b. All of the above 5. s Create material annotations. b. b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. False 3. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. it depends. The direction the viewer is facing. c. Walls c. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Not in Contract c. The direction the structure is facing. such as north. 4. s Create filled regions. a. s Create a section view. s Create slope annotations. General Questions 1. Nobody in Charge d. Indicate the location of doors and windows. is always the true orientation. c.

Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. False 5. True b. d. The boundaries of the view. but not a 6. The height of the view. North 3. Sun and Shadow b. c. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. click Sheet Composition > View. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The dotted line indicates: a. Element properties c. a. Click Add View. On the View tab. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. False 2.Sections and Elevations . b and c. you use: a. True b. The Visual Style of the view. 4. East b. d. b. Right-click. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. South d. The detail level of the view. Which elevation is it? a. West c.

5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . Lesson Plan 1. Review Schedules. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Reformat a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 3. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.

After completing this lesson.Schedules . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

and Language Arts. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. such as reference number. technology. engineering. width. About Schedules s 351 . height. Some of these building objects include. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and thickness. Math (STEM). The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. This lesson relates to science.

the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules . The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. depending on the style of the architectural firm. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. the same primary information is included. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Instance. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. However. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. and A for appliances. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. E for electrical. However. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. The following image shows door. Other letters are P for plumbing.Schedules . window. hexagon. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Using the software. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Like schedules. A circle.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.

hardware. Schedules list items such as doors. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and you can create your own schedules. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. Project templates include preset schedules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. materials. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. s Add room tags. s Export a schedule. windows. Engineering. equipment. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Create a room schedule. Math (STEM). rooms. Technology. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules s 355 .

Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.rvt. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Schedules . and you set the schedule to display totals.

Select Windows from the list. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Height. On the View tab. Add Count. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 3. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Click Add. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. and Width. Schedules s 357 . Type Mark. 6.s Window Tag 5. 4. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. select Comments. Level. In Available Fields. 7. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box.

Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Select the fields. from left to right. 9. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .8.Schedules . A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Click OK to finish the schedule.

Schedules s 359 . Select Blank Line. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. but without any useful calculations yet. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 1. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.

360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. click the schedule name. in the Then By sorting field. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 4. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. click Edit. Notice how the schedule has changed. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. 3. clear Itemize Every Instance. for Sorting/ Grouping. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2.Schedules . select Level. On the Properties palette.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. in this case). you can have the schedule report this. In the Project Browser. Rather than make a manual calculation. 1.

Schedules s 361 .5. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Footer. From the list. and Totals. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.rvt. On the Properties palette. The totals for each window type now display. select Title. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit 7. Count. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. for Sorting/ Grouping. 6. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Set the schedule to display category totals. In this exercise.

rvt. floor type.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Room_Tags. Locate the file named Room Tag.Schedules . Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. click Overwrite the Existing Version.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 5. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. occupancy. Room size. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Click Open. ceiling type. click Room > Room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 3. 2. On the Home tab. based on the amount of space in each room. 4. In this exercise. Room & Area panel.

7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Click Modify to terminate the placement. a total of 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Schedules s 363 .In the Type Selector. 8. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 6. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel. On the Home tab. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. and in the hall as shown.

Click Modify. 13. 11.9. s Click the Room text. Place a room tag below the room separation line. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. The room tag updates. click Room. The area value for Room 7 updates. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.Schedules . 12. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 10. Select Room #2. The cursor changes to sketch mode. An edit box activates. s Change the word Room to Manager. On the Room & Area panel. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box.

s Added a room separation. s Tagged various objects.rvt. for Name. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. On the Properties palette. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. In this exercise.14. enter Sales. 15. s Changed room tag field values. you: s Loaded a room tag. Schedules s 365 .

Name. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Create a Room Schedule 1. enter Square Footage Report. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. In the Available Fields pane. Click Add--> after each selection. Create panel. 6. Click OK.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. select Number. 2. Set the Sort By value to Number. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. On the View tab. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. and Area to be included in your schedule. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab.Schedules . 4. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. For Name. The completed exercise 5.rvt. 3.

s Set Units to Square Feet. 8. 9. In the Format dialog box. Select Grand Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right. clear Use Project Settings. 10. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Click Field Format. Schedules s 367 . This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Select Calculate Totals.7. Highlight the Area field. Click the Formatting tab. Change the Heading to No. Select Title and Totals from the list. Highlight the Number field. Click OK.

Save as Unit9_room_schedule.rvt. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. 12. you: s Created a room schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.11. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. s Totaled one of the columns.

Using your Windows Explorer. you export the room schedule to a text file.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. locate the file you created. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. On the application menu. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. The file is created. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Click Save. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 3. You can then use this file in other applications. Schedules s 369 . The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 5. Note the formatting that has been applied. Browse to a directory to save your report. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 4.txt) file.rvt. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Click OK. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 2. 6. Double-click it to open it.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.Schedules . In this exercise. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 8.7. Close the text file.

Matrix d. Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 371 . What is a schedule table? a. Type b. d. a. True b. b. Instance 3. True b. 2. s Place a schedule tag. None of the above. a. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Reformat a schedule. Quantity c. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. s Load a schedule tag. False 4. you learned to: s Create a schedule. A list of sheets used in a project. s Export a schedule. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of information that defines specific building objects. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur.

Modify 2. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . TXT b. a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. To export a schedule. Annotate b. use the ____ . CSV d. Home d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu d. Manage tab 3. a. View tab c. XLS c. Annotate tab b. View c.Schedules . Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.

Lesson Plan 1. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. Review Visualization. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 4.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.

s Assign materials. you create a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Export an FBX file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. s Place a camera. Engineering. After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Apply shading to a view. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. or camera on a path. and Language Arts. s Orient walls and windows.Visualization . Finally. s Play a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Add planting components. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Technology. Math (STEM).

You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. courseware datasets. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Open Unit2_custom_family. You worked on animations. To prepare your model for rendering. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects.rvt. s s 2. Click Zoom to Fit. s Make a camera view the active view. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.

The wall display updates. 5. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Right-click. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 4. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 6. Stud. The walls now display layers of materials. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select one of the exterior walls. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select any exterior wall.3.Visualization .

Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Right-click. Open the Default 3D view. Click Change wall's orientation. Select Site: Grass. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.7. Select walls. On the Properties palette. 8. you can: s s s 9. Visualization s 377 . select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select the toposurface object. Click OK. In addition to using the control arrows. Repeat the process for the windows. 10.

Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 3. Note the file location. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open 3ds Max Design. for Files of type. select Autodesk (*. Export the Model to FBX 1. and click Open. 2.Visualization . This will filter the file list.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Export. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Depending on your system resources. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. click Export > FBX. you have completed this exercise. click Import > Import. Select the file name. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. On the application menu.11.FBX). Click OK in any notices and warnings. 12.

Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Next. open Unit10_Export. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Export the Model to DWG 1. On the application menu. Open or return to Revit.rvt. 3. 2. Close the file without saving. There is no way to update it from Revit. you have completed this exercise.4. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Visualization s 379 . you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. If necessary. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.

8. Open or return to Revit. In the File Link Manager . 7. Click Open. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click References > File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design. click File. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.max. 5. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export.rvt. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Select the file name. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. If necessary.Visualization . Close the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.4. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Select two windows as shown. click Attach This File. On the application menu. 9.

Save the file. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. 11. Open the 3D view. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. The windows have updated. In the dialog box.10. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 12. On the application menu.

s Close the File Link Manager. Open the Files tab. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. In this exercise. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 15. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Oriented walls and windows.Visualization . s Changed a material definition. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.14. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Click Reload. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The windows have changed. The linked file updates. Open the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.

If you place the camera too close to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. as shown. you place a camera in a model. change materials. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open the Site view. Create panel. In this exercise.rvt. 3. add plantings to the model. click Camera. and create a second rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Open Unit10_Export. generate a rendering. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Visualization s 383 . Place a Camera 1. On the View tab. 2.

Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Right-click. 2. Open the Site view again.4. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Click Show Camera. click Show Rendering Dialog. 5. Return to the perspective view. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Render Setup 1. 6. 7. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera perspective view opens. The camera will be visible.Visualization . On the View Control Bar. s s s s Open a floor plan view. select Very Few Clouds. If necessary.

Open view 3D View 1. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary.3. Accept the default settings for Quality. 2. 3. Visualization s 385 . Model Site panel. and Lighting. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. click Site Component. Open the Site view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. On the Massing & Site tab.30' approximately as shown. Enhance the Model 1. Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render. Output Settings. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .

click OK. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and you can now select elements for editing. 6. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. The model displays in the view. click Show the Model. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click Edit Type.Wood Shake. In the Materials list. select Roofing . Select an exterior wall. In the Rendering dialog box. Change Materials 1. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type.Visualization . Revit places the image in its own view. In the Save to Project dialog box. click Save to Project.4. 2. 3. 5. Click Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. In the Layer 1 Material field. 5. 4.

10.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace. 7. 9. 8. Visualization s 387 .

rvt. 16. 13. 14. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK. 12. These images are now available as options to present to a client.Visualization . s Generated and captured a render image. 15. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The new image is placed in its own view. s Created a raytrace setup. Select Masonry .Brick Uniform Running Brown. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.11. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Placed site planting components in the model. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.

A walkthrough places a camera on a path.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. s On the View tab. click 3d View > Walkthrough. In this exercise. Open Unit10_render. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. click to the left of the model as shown. Create panel. 4. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. 2. Visualization s 389 . rendered. s Edit the camera and path. and exported individually. s Right-click. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Click Zoom to Fit. or walkthroughs. Click Zoom Out (2x). To place a key frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s View the animation in a media player. in a project model. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Open floor plan view Level 1. Each view. 3.rvt. s Right-click again. The camera and path can be edited. or frame.

8. 11. click Edit Walkthrough.5. Walkthrough panel. Repeat for all the key frames. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 9. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Cameras tab. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Drag it to the left. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.Visualization . The camera is located on the final key frame. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 10. Select the direction control for the camera. click Finish Walkthrough. Walkthrough panel. 6.

click Next Key Frame. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. On the Walkthrough panel. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. If camera positions distort. 13. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. From the Controls list. Click Open. Visualization s 391 . Drag the path away from the model as shown. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 2.12. Check the view in several key frames. The path displays control dots at key frames. select Path. 3.

In the Length/Format dialog box. select a video compression method to hold down file size. The walkthrough plays in the view window. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame.Visualization . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. In the Video Compression dialog box. notice where you save the file. Click OK. File Name.rvt. Click Save. 2. click OK. Revit generates the external AVI file. Click Play.Play the Walkthrough 1. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Export the Walkthrough 1. 2. 4. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 3. On the application menu.

It plays in your media player. Visualization s 393 . such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Double-click the new file name. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. 6. Plan your class time accordingly.5. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise. save the Revit Architecture file.Visualization . 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player.7. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

Print to File b. True b. Questions 1. Align c. Demolish 2. s Place a camera. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. Save As > FBX c. a. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Assign materials. True b. s Create a raytrace rendering. Flip Orientation d. a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. you use: a. False 2. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. View > Shading d. s Export a walkthrough. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Add planting components. s Orient walls and windows. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Play a walkthrough. Split b. you use: a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Export > FBX 3. s Export an FBX file. s Apply shading to a view.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Review structural columns.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. beams and braces. In the following exercises. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . foundations. 3. and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . Lesson Plan 1. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 4. you learn how to place structural columns. beam systems. beams.

Structural . and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example. beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Knowing where structural members. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.Structural . 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . walls. and other building objects.

After completing this lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Structural s 401 . Technology. Place beam systems and braces. Create column grids. Place columns and beams on grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Math (STEM).

They come in types defined by size and shape. spans without walls. this is known as post and beam construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.Hide Category. wood. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Structural . Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. 2. On the View Control Bar. often mainly glass. click Column > Structural Column. Structural columns can be steel. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. In this exercise. or concrete. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. beams can be steel. In residential construction. or reinforced concrete. Select a floor. Beams connect columns or walls. 1. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. As with columns. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. wood. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . 3. Open Deck Framing. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Click the edge of the right floor to select it. In the Type Selector. 7. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Structural s 403 . select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 3A. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up.4. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 6. click Depth. 8. 5. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". and 4B. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the View Control Bar. On the Options Bar.

Zoom in so you can see the deck. and columns clearly. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click OK. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 11. Right-click. Place Beams 1. Click Hide In View > Element.Structural . Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". The columns are now hidden by the floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the two floors. double-click view Framing Cutaway. 2. In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click OK. rail. 10. Open Plan View Deck Framing.9.

click Beam. On the Structure tab. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. Structure panel. Click.3. 4. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Chain. In the Type Selector. To place beams: Structural s 405 . 5. s In the view window.

s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 6. 7. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. Click.Structural . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. On the Properties palette.

Click on grid intersection B4. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Click Modify. click Beam. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.rvt. Click OK. 9. On the Properties palette. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Structure panel. as shown. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structural s 407 . you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors.8. In this exercise. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Click. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. 11. click Make Wall Bearing. 12.

Click the beam on Grid 1. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab.rvt.Structural . These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. s Place braces. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. On the Structure tab. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise 5. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. 4. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. 3. Place Beam Systems 1.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. click Sketch Beam System. you: s Place beam systems. or number of beams in a bay. click Pick Supports. Structure panel. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. distance. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. click No. In this exercise. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Beam System. Open Deck Beams.

7. Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.6. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. as shown. click Line.

s s On the Draw panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click the beam on Grid 2.2". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. click Pick Supports. click Line. 11. click Create Similar. On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). 10.Structural . s 9. set Elevation to -0'-9".6". Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s s s On the Draw panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click Finish. On the Mode panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Trim as necessary.

Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 3. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the View tab. Structural s 411 . On the View Control Bar. Adjust the view crop region as shown. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. as shown. Create panel. On the Structure tab. 2. 4. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Structure panel. Click to place the elevation. In the Project Browser. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. It has an automatic work plane.Place Braces 1. unlike regular elevations. 5. click Brace.

8. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.6. Click Modify. In the Type Selector.Structural . 9. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the view window. to start the brace. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 7.

11. In this exercise. s Placed braces. you: s Placed beam systems. Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 .rvt.10.

you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. This is a common step early in designing a large building. click Grid. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. In plan views. 2. and walls. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. The exact length is not critical. s s In the view window. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. The numbering automatically increments. You can change a grid number at any time. Datum panel. Grid datasets. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. In this exercise. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . elevation. and section views. as shown. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. but they can also be angular and radial.Structural .Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. beams. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The exact location is not critical.

Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The Grid tool is still active. Structural s 415 . Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line.3. 4.

6.5. 7. Enter A at the keyboard. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor to the left. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. click to place the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab.Structural . click Copy. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Select Grid Line 2. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. The new grid line is number 5. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". The new grid line will be number 3. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Click to start a grid line. Repeat to create grid line 4. close to the heads. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Press ENTER.

The Grid tool is still active. Change the number to 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. On the grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. This completes the main grid.1 is still selected. 9. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Select grid 2. Grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset. 11. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Click to place the grid line. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.1. Structural s 417 . 10. s Click Copy. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.8. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This grid line will be number B.

Create a Radial Column Grid 1. s Click to start the grid line. On the Draw panel. set Offset to 15'-0". On the Options Bar. Revit will convert this to 15'-0".Structural . 4. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2.000 o . Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Press ENTER. Create panel. On the Draw panel. The Grid tool is still active. select Center-Ends Arc. In the Radius field. click Pick. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. click Radius. enter 15. Click to place the grid head. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click in the new grid bubble. On the Options Bar. Change the number to EE. Zoom to Fit. s s Click grid intersection D3. click Grid. 3. On the Home tab.

Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. Click to place grid FF. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.5. 6. 7. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Structural s 419 . Select grid 3 to show its controls.

s Click grid intersection D3. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Click in the new grid bubble. Revit will create grid 32. Zoom to Fit. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s In this exercise. Enter 31 to change the name. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. 11. click Mirror . 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Select grid 3. Click to place the grid line.000. 9.Structural .Pick Axis.rvt. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.8. Press ENTER. s Select grid 31. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s 10. click Create Similar. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Add footings to columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. In this exercise. s Change a grid layout. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. As a result. s Use a column grid to place beams. 2. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In the Type Selector. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. you typically create a grid. Structural s 421 . select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s 3. This is a steel column. Structure panel. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. click Column > Structural Column.

click At Grids. 6. 3. 5. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 4. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. B. C and D.Structural . 2. On the Multiple panel. A. In the Multiple panel. 4. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s s On the Options Bar. set Height to Level 3. click Finish.

On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Structural s 423 . Click Grid 1. click Finish. columns. click Beam. and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. click On Grids. On the Multiple panel. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. The grid. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 4. Zoom to Fit.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Window-select all the grid lines. 2. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 5.

Click Redo. Open the Default 3D view. In the view window. 6. On the Quick Access toolbar. On the Multiple panel. click Isolated.Structural . If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. 2. 3. click At Columns. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 1.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click No. On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click Undo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 4. Columns and beams will move to the right.

Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 7. Click OK. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. in the Type Selector. The footing changes size.5. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Structural s 425 . Press ESC to clear the column selection. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". s On the Properties palette. To change the size of the footing. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. A warning displays. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 6.

Save and close the file. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams. s Added footings to columns. In this exercise.8. s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

All of the above. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beam systems. True b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Questions 1. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place braces. Brace c. Column b. s Change a grid layout. False Summary/Questions s 429 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Beam d. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Add footings to columns. 2.

Pick points. 5. All of the above. If you relocate a grid line. you use: a. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. A and B.Revit Architecture Questions 1. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Properties c. Stretch b.Structural . Flip Orientation d. c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To change the height of a column. To create a beam system. True b. you can: a. False 4. a. b. b. d. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select the type of beam or column to place. you: a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. a. 3. Use grid lines and grid intersections. A but not B. d. True b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. When placing columns or beams. 2.

CA Ronald A Williams.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Copyright s 431 . Smith . Poway.Teacher.org Project Lead the Way. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . WI Roger Dohm .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Instructor. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Milwaukee.iteaconnect.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Ltd. Mathematics. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Susan Harrington .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . International Technology Education Association www.Executive Director. Starkweather . Poway High School. Inc. PE .Director. Randy Dymond. South Division High School.

“AS IS. AutoCAD MEP. All other brand names. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Inc. Autodesk Inventor. product names. All rights reserved.. AutoCAD Architecture. Inc. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. CA 94903. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright .” AUTODESK. Trademarks Autodesk. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Autodesk Revit Architecture. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Autodesk Revit MEP.. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Inc. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Inc. this publication. INC. or parts thereof. INC. AutoCAD. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Inc. All rights reserved. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. may not be reproduced in any form. by any method. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Published by: Autodesk. for any purpose. 2010 Autodesk.© 2010 Autodesk.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful