Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . intersections.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

Other building elements such as doors. elevation. You can add building elements in plan. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. furniture.Software Tools . and 3D views. section. roofs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. stairs. windows. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . floors.

the other will move as well. In the two illustrations shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved. In the illustration shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .

all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved. In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Engineering. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . technology. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Constrain placement of objects. and Language Arts. and math standards. Math (STEM). s Place a predefined Mass family. engineering. Technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

you can create in-place masses.Software Tools . and then converted into building components such as floors. A designer. owner. such as distance requirements from roadways. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and curtain systems. walls. There are mass families available to load into a project. roofs. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. size. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. quickly. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

walls. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. roofs. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

legends. tags. Technology. engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Engineering. s Explain the use of dimensions. Annotation includes text notes. Math (STEM). Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and symbol heads. technology. s Recognize temporary dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts.

rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

or angular.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial.

z) coordinate system. and how other levels change display accordingly.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Open and use ribbon tabs. Technology. Math (STEM).Software Tools . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. and Options Bar. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Engineering. s Open tabs on the ribbon. technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. s Work with tool buttons. the Type Selector.

Display and Navigation s 31 . beams. Some commands will not be active (that is. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. and rooms. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Its position is fixed. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. windows. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. doors. for instance. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

slabs. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. trusses. and text.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. columns. braces. symbols. structural walls. and foundations. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. detailing. Display and Navigation s 33 .

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Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

and parameters. Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. materials. copy/paste. and inquiry.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

and Close.Software Tools . Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Open. Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. families. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. and groups.Software Tools . schedules. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. sheets. schedules. Legends.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. View Control Bar View scale. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. visual style. level of detail. cropping. rendering (in 3D views). A check mark indicates it is visible. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. shadow display. sun settings. Windows panel on the ribbon.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. but not at Coarse.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. To change the scale of a view.

Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded with Edges.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. date and time. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

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Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools .

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.Software Tools . along with other display settings. These controls. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Manage and Modify. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Annotate. To activate or open a view. Collaborate. Display and Navigation s 55 . Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. View. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Structure. Massing & Site.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Nine tabs are available: Home. Insert.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab opens on the ribbon.Context Tabs. When a context tab is active. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Options Bar. showing options that you can select while you are working. If you select items in the view window. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette. Display and Navigation s 57 .

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Display and Navigation s 65 . Export. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. and Publish. Print. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. File Save. Click a file name to open that file. On the right is a list of recently opened files. New File. File Close only appears on the application menu. the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. The application menu contains file management controls. such as File Open.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

Do this for other tabs. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. If you select the menu option. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. click OK in the dialog box that opens. After you have examined each of them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Display and Navigation s 67 . To start a new project. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. 2. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. make the Home tab active. On the ribbon. The completed exercise 4. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. or click New > Project from the application menu. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. 3. The panel titles display under the tab titles. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving.Software Tools . Icons for panels display below tab titles. and then viewed. 6. you opened a project file. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. They disappear when you move the cursor away. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.5. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. In this exercise. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Cycle Through All. 7. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Exercise 2. In the Project Browser. Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. 2. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Open quick_start_building_elements. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. doubleclick the view name. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.

The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 7. . You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 6. You are selecting everything visible. doors.Software Tools . 8. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the door in the upper left of the model. On the Properties palette. Click Filter panel > Filter. all the walls. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 5. Clear Walls and Doors. and windows highlight blue. 4. Click any interior wall. Click OK. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens.3. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.

Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. On the Properties palette. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 11. Click any door. examined the menus and toolbars. In this exercise. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. you opened a project file. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 12. Display and Navigation s 71 . the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected.rvt. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Place a door as shown.9. 10. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.

building elements (walls. and 3D views using the View menu. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. lines. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . display controls. You can create sections. In the exercises. Engineering. s Load and place component families. and views. and Language Arts. operating settings. s Work with Revit families. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. schedules. s Create a new in-place family. mechanical equipment). drafting views. Technology. Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit provides floor plan. and elevation views by default. either predefined or user-created. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. To review the list of standards for each lesson. templates. floors). System families include levels. Pan. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties.Software Tools . Math (STEM). s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. ceiling plan. annotations. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views.

and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology.

Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Four elevation markers are visible. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open Unit2_building_elements. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 3. Click the Annotation Categories tab. even a small one. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. First. Click OK. There is no way to see everything in it. is an extensive database. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 2. Right-click. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The display changes. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . VG also opens the dialog box. Rightclick in the view window. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The elevation markers disappear from the view. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.rvt. Use your keyboard to enter VV.

Click Open. Click Zoom In Region. 5. Select Detail Level: Medium. Enter ZF. 7. click Detail Level. Select the roof outline. Right-click. Click and drag the cursor as shown. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. 6. so be sure to select them both. Right-click. There are two parts to an elevation. Zoom to Fit. On the View Control Bar. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. In the Project Browser. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view.4.

Turn off visibility of the elevations. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Enter VH. Click Zoom to Fit. doors and windows are not shown.8. change the Underlay value to None. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Properties palette. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. as before. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. 2. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. View Properties 1.Software Tools .

Next to View Range. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.3. Click OK. Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. enter Roof. 4. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Rename. For Name. the ridge is now visible. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.0". All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. click Edit. and where the cut plane sits. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.

Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Accept the location that activates. select Shading with Edges. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Set the time to 9:30 am. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 4. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Winter Solstice. In the Sun Settings dialog box.Software Tools . select Shadows On. under Solar Study. 3. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.Graphic Display Options 1. In the dialog box that opens. In the Presets list. 5. 2. Open Elevation view South. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Still.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6.rvt. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .

On the Home tab. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. 3. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. and floors. walls. Open Unit2_views.rvt. roofs. Doors. commercial. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. 2. You add closet doors to interior walls. click Door. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. standard families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. doors and windows are dependent on walls). or stand-alone (for example. Build panel. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In Revit. railings. Doors are considered standard family entities. and annotations are examples of standard families. windows. There are system families. s A system family. This exercise illustrates how you locate. or institutional structures. furniture. floors. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. and place Revit families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project.Software Tools . s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. and so on.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. These components are called families and there are several different types. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Additionally. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. and use a Revit family to place a door. you open an existing project file. load. is predefined within Revit. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and families in place. furniture). and furniture. lights. windows. such as levels.

a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Click Open. 4. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. Locate Double Panel 2. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. As you move your cursor near any wall. Click Open. It has a number of different sizes defined.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. 5. Family files have a file extension of *. If you highlight a door family. You click to place an instance of the door family. Furniture. s s 6. Click the Doors folder.rfa. The Door Insertion tool stays active. and Annotation.rvt. Tag panel. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Accept the default size. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). On the Modify | Place Door tab. Project files have a file extension of *.

but not strongly. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . simply click it. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.rvt. and placed instances of a door family. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Place an instance of the door as shown. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. you located. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. loaded.7.Software Tools . 8. 9. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.

5.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. 3. modify a door family. 2. Click OK. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. For Name. Select the double door as shown.rvt. and create an in-place family. Open Unit2_doors_walls. enter 48" x 80". The required width is not available. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. click Duplicate. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. you open an existing project file.

imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 4. On the Properties palette. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click OK. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 5.6. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. For Name. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 1. In the dialog box. 3. On the Home tab. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). click Component > Model In-Place. select Generic Models. is to create a component family in place. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Build panel. The door updates. Click OK. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 2. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.Software Tools . enter Hall Clock.

Revit will display . you located. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. and placed a door family. You have created the base of the clock. 9. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 13.6. 12. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 10. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. On the Draw panel. In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .2". 8.4" as shown. 7. 11. as shown.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. The family model updates. Click OK. loaded. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .0' 2". click Rectangle.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s What is Moore's Law. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

b. context tabs. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Zoom in Region is used to: a. False 4.Software Tools . 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . True b. False 5. 6. and place a family from a library. s Open different views. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Each project has several predefined views. Turn on Shadows. Go to View > View Name in the menu. a. b. depending on the template selected. False 3. True b. s Change view properties. a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. 7. Questions 1. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. load. Either a or b. a. Create a 3D perspective view. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. and click Open. Views can be renamed. True b. c. d. b. s Change view displays. and Options Bar. Spin the model in 3D space. d. tab. d. True b. To activate a view: a. Right-click. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Adjust Visual Style Options. s Change type properties of a family. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. The tool shown is used to: a. s Create an in-place model family. c. False 2. Zoom to the entire model. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Access.

you can use the scroll wheel to: a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .8. Standard b. Pan and Zoom b. Rotate c. Multiview b. Parts d. a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Scroll d. Project Browser d. a. Properties palette 10. System c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Blocks c. windows. All of the above. A family created within a project is called ________________. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Families 11.) are called: a. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. In-Place d. etc. depending on settings 9.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. Lesson Plan 1. 4. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create dimension and text styles. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Set project units. 2. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 6. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create a project template. s Duplicate and modify views.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 8. 3. s Create dimensions and text.

linetypes. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. Visit the AIA website at www. Engineering. Visit the AIAS website at www. colors. based on the AIA standards. colors. and so forth. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. To review the list of standards for each lesson.org. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .org. should be used.aia. Many cities and counties have their own rules. linetypes.Standards and Building Codes . you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Technology. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. and the settings that are preset within them. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Explain why templates are used. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and Language Arts. defining the layers.aias. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

doors. otherwise it is considered a carport. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and one closet. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. it must have at least one door. and so on. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. it cannot be called a bedroom.Standards and Building Codes . The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a garage. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If there is a fire. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. defined and adopted by convention. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. a common area (such as a living room or family room). For example. A unit is a particular physical quantity. one window. If it lacks any of these components. A garage must be completely enclosed. the number being its numerical value. a bathroom. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and so on. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. like mechanical drawing. windows.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design.

There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. using imperial units.. its value is expressed in the unit meter.For example. unit symbol m. unit symbol ft. or imperial. is 169 m. glass. and other materials. In architectural drafting. Another method is to apply dual notation. the construction industry still uses the English. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. such as room size and wall height.. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. units are applied to dimensions. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. However. in the United States. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. also known as the International System of Units. is 555 ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Here h is the physical quantity.

and viewports. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. one value representing another value. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Each size is designated by a letter. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. line weight and pattern. In Revit Architecture. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.) 8. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . sheets. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. every 1/8" would represent 1'. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Scales are ratios.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale.Standards and Building Codes . A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".

You create and position views.a modified version of the AIA standard. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. The integers go from 0 to 9. elevators.01.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. notes Demolition. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. site plan. symbols. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). temporary Schedules Sections. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.

For example. annotation plot sizes. the author of the drawing. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . followed by information on the building's owner. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. fonts. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents.Standards and Building Codes .Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The paper is oriented landscape. so that the height is less than the width. Usually. the electrician. and so on. Typically. and other relevant information. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. drawing scales. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the date drawn. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. that is. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. the HVAC company. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. The next space is for tracking revisions. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. and layer standards. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The column is divided into sections.

layer settings. and so forth. required symbols. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. title blocks.

Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Math (STEM). You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and walls. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . Engineering. Technology. views. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. and Language Arts. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. These can be used to build your model.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.

Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. factory. In the New Project dialog box. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Open Revit to an empty project file. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. click New > Project. you use templates as starting points. Select a Template 1. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. click Browse. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. or store. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. 2. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In Revit. Condominiums. you create a new project file using a template. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types.Standards and Building Codes . 3. apartments. On the application menu.

Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Select the Residential-Default. click Close to close this project without saving. On the application menu. 6. Click OK. In this exercise. you started a new project file using a standard template. Click Open.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.4. saving set up time. Settings s 103 . Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. 5.

2. Pull the cursor to the right. open ADA__Settings. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.Standards and Building Codes . Build panel. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. click Wall. The Wall tool remains active. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. The file opens to a 3D view. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In this exercise.rvt. expand Floor Plans under Views. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. the drawing setup options are preset. In the courseware datasets folder. 3.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Click to start a new wall. s Place the cursor over the left wall. In the Project Browser. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.

Close the file without saving. 8. click to start a new wall. 7. and move the cursor right.) 6. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 5. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. In this exercise.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. s Set Unit symbol to m. Click OK twice to save the setting change.4. Place the cursor over the left wall. Settings s 105 . (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Format for Length. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.

click Duplicate. By default. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Temporary dimensions display when you select. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. On the Annotate tab. dimensions not only display. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar.rvt. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. 4. For Name. Open ADA_Dimensions. create. 1. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. or insert components. On the Properties palette.Standards and Building Codes . dimensions snap to wall centerlines. temporary and permanent. In the Type Properties dialog box. 3. 2. enter Big Text. click Aligned. click Edit Type. Click OK. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. but also control the size and location of objects. Dimension panel.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. there are two types of dimensions. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.

The Dimension tool is still active.5. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Select the top. s Click OK twice. and bottom horizontal walls. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Text Size to 3/16". 7. left. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Settings s 107 . 6. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Click to place. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.

Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Click to place the dimension. you opened an existing file. upper. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. 9. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. Close the file without saving.8. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . created a new dimension style. and far right vertical walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. s s s Select the far left. The Dimension tool stays active.

Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Notice the door and window tags. Settings s 109 . Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. and the view window displays the new plan. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. There are no annotations visible. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. These are annotations. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In the datasets folder. In the Project Browser.rvt. In order to do this. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 3. Right-click. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.

In the Project Browser. 9. In the Project Browser. Double-click to open it. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. On the Manage tab. Settings panel. 5. Model Categories tab. 7. Click Rename. select Floor Plan: Level 1. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 1. 8. click Project Information. Click OK. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 6.Standards and Building Codes . Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets.4. Click OK to update the display of this view. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.

The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Rightclick. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information.) 3. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. 3.Add a Sheet 1. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. highlight the title block displayed in the list. 2. Click New Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. Settings s 111 . Enter the address as shown. click Edit. or supply your own values: Click OK.

Click Apply. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Next.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.Standards and Building Codes . 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.4. Notice the change to the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1.

Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Settings s 113 . 3. Right-click. Click Activate View. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Select Add View to Sheet. Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View. 2.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.

The Scale updates in the title block. deselect it. The view updates on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Placed a view on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. 6.5. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. you: select it. Finish the move. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Place the cursor 7. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . of the sheet. s Added a sheet. Close the file without saving. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet.

5 title block template opens. 4. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5. On the application menu. Start Revit Architecture. click New > Titleblock.rft. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 2. Click Open. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. This is one of the longer exercises. Select A-11x8. A copy of the 11 x 8.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. It opens to the Recent Files window. 3. Settings s 115 . you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Accept the Sample Value. 12. Your teacher may specify another location. On the Quick Access toolbar. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 11. 14. Save the title block as A . Add a label for Checked By.Standards and Building Codes . select Drawn By. click Save to save the title block. Add a label for Sheet Number. s Click Add. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.Landscape. Right-click.rfa. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.9. 10. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 15. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value. 13. click Close. Accept the Sample Value. s Accept the Sample Value. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. you created a title block using a template file.

and then load a custom title block into your project. Insert a Title Block 1. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Settings s 125 . Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click New to create a new project using the default template. 3. On the View tab. Locate your title block. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. In the Recent Files window. Highlight the title block and click OK. Click Open. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 5. 4. 2. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window. you create a new project file.

Select the title block. 3. enter your name. 2. 5. you a created a new project file. enter your instructor's name. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. s For Checked By.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. On the Manage tab. s For Drawn By. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. On the Properties palette. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 6.Standards and Building Codes . click Project Information. Click OK. 4.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter Student Project Unit 3. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Settings panel. Click OK.

There are various settings you can define for your template. On the application menu. select Project Template. and geometry from the template. a dimension style. In the New Project dialog box. you define the title block. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. you create a new project file. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. such as 3D and plan views. 3. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. and then load them like families. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. click New > Project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. 1. and slope angle. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. In this exercise. including how the rendered image looks. angles. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Create a Template In this exercise. Click OK. On the Insert tab. in addition to predefined wall types. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. settings. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. 2. and the units for your custom template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project.

On the Manage tab. For Name. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .4. Click OK twice. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. enter 3/16" Verdana. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". create a Dimension Style. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Annotate tab. click Duplicate. Set the units for the template. click Settings panel > Project Units. 7.Standards and Building Codes . 9. 5.rfa.Landscape. Click OK. Next. Click the Length field in the Format column. 8. 10. Open the title block A . 6. There will be no visible change. You create a custom dimension style.

Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click OK. Select the A . 14. 15. select Sheets (All). On the Properties palette. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. In the Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.11. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 129 . Click OK. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Rightclick. Click New Sheet.

Click OK. and units that you defined. In this exercise. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. Save your project template in your class project folder. Save the file name as A-English template.16. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The title block updates. 17. as well as dimension style and units.rte. title block. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. You can use this template for future projects.Standards and Building Codes .

abstract format. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. or new combinations of existing materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.

A. s Create text. S. s Change dimension colors. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. An architect b. s Create a title block. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. NCSESA 2. s Create dimensions. and symbols used in drawing? a.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . P. Using AIA Standards. you learned to: s Set units in a file. True b. a. English c. False 3.05 c. UBC c. AIA b.Standards and Building Codes . 1:3 b. a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. 1:32 5. s Change lineweight. General Questions 1. s Create a template. NCTM d. s Create labels.02 d. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A unit 4. a. A particular physical quantity.02 b. is defined as what? a. 1:12 c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. Metric d. dimension styles. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create a dimension style. s Create a text style. 1:24 d. A.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. To change the scale of a view. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu > New > Sheet b. a. Wall midpoints d. Application menu > Properties b. you use: a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. True b. dimensions snap to: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Wall centerlines c. you click: a. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Point offsets 3. To set the units in a project. In Revit Architecture. True b. Wall faces b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. True b. To create a new sheet. False 4. False 6. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. By default.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

s Align walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 3. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 4. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. Lesson Plan 1. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .

you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.Walls . Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. List the different types of occupancy. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or filling in between. After completing this lesson. their construction and materials. and protect its interior spaces. them. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. separate.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. 5. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. As you continue to move the cursor. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Clear the Chain option. To modify a dimension. Expand the Type Selector list. Enter 10. It will not print.Brick on Mtl. the dimension updates incrementally. click it to open an edit field. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. but it disappears when you begin another action. an angular dimension displays. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. a dashed line displays. indicating wall length. Click to set the endpoint. Select the Single Line option. Stud. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. 4.3. Notice that a temporary dimension displays.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Walls s 151 . After you create the wall.

Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Click to start the next wall. Select panel. The wall does not show any internal detail. 8. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 7. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. click the Detail Level icon. On the View Control Bar. the controls may sit on top of one another. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector.6. Set the Detail Level to Medium. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. click Create Similar. Depending on your zoom in the view. enter 7. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Create panel. Press ENTER. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. click Modify to stop placing walls. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click the wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. On the Modify | Walls tab.Walls .

release the mouse button to set a new length. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line.9. Also. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Walls s 153 . no matter where you move the cursor. 10. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that two dimensions display. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Click Modify. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. an alignment line displays. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. notice how the wall joins at the corner.

This enables you to sketch walls continuously. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Sketch the walls as shown. Click Cancel. Right-click. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows.Walls . Select Chain on the Options Bar. Repeat. When using the Chain option. 13. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 14. On the Home tab. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Build panel. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 15.11. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 12. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. This is the same as clicking Modify. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Select the lower vertical wall. click Wall. 16.

18. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click Modify. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. In this exercise. 17. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 19. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click Create Similar again. Walls s 155 . 20. After clicking the second end.rvt. Clear the Chain option.

Only part of the wall highlights. You now remove the upper right corner. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. 4. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. trim. Both split walls are shown below. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. This exercise illustrates how to split. and extend walls. you first split the walls at the intersections.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Click Modify. To do this. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 2. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.Walls . fillet. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Split Walls 1. align. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Do the same for the vertical wall.rvt from the previous exercise.

Create panel. Click Fillet Arc. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Walls tab. On the Options Bar. 5. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. click Delete. 3. 4. click Undo and repeat the steps. If you make a mistake. 2. Enter 5'. On the Modify | Wall tab.Fillet Walls 1. select Radius. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Walls s 157 . Select any wall. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). You can also click the flip control. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Modify panel.

6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. You align the wall in the next steps. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 2. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 3. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Place an interior wall as shown. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Walls . The Wall tool is still active.

clear Chain. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Click to create a wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. You can lock the alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 .4. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The Wall Trim Tool 1. The length is not critical. s On the Options Bar. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned.

Walls . The walls can cross. 4.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This will be the border. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The length is not critical. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 3. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 6. 2. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the vertical wall as shown. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5.

Walls s 161 . you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. align. fillet. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt.7. and trim. In this exercise.

The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. click Edit Type.rvt in the courseware datasets folder.Walls . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. and vary in cost. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Select the Exterior wall as shown. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. satisfy different requirements. 2. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The Modify tool is active by default. In the Project Browser. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 3.

To edit the structure of the wall. Walls s 163 . The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. When you are finished. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Every layer of a wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 8.4. 7. the wall structure should be as shown. except Core Boundary. For Name. 6. s Select Finish 1 [4]. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 5. has a Function you can edit. click Edit in the Structure value field. enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click the number of Layer 3. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click Up. Click Insert twice. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Click OK. s Click Down twice.

Exterior . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.Stud Layer. which displays plan or section views. s Click the icon that appears at the right. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Walls . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 10. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Modify the Function. 12. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.9. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. select Finishes . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Material. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. 13. 11. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Thickness to 5/8".EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Set the Material to Wood . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Material to Finishes .

On the Properties palette. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. select Medium. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls.14. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Walls s 165 . From the Detail level list. 17. In the Project Browser. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. expand the Families branch. 15. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click Apply to update the view. 16. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.

In this exercise. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . From the Type Selector list. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. Close the file without saving.18. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Right-click 8" Exterior. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 19. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You opened an existing file. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.Walls . defined a new wall structure. 20. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.

In this exercise. wood rails. for example. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The model opens in a 3D view.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.rvt. 3. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. and a decorated interior surface. You can define a wall type with these elements. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Stud walls as shown. Select one of the Exterior . so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. such as a weatherproof outside surface. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top.Brick on Mtl. 2. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. a structural mid-section.

Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit. highlight one of the borders. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Click Split Region. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. To split a layer or region horizontally. so all instances of this type change. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 6. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You change the type. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. into regions. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You can set the sample height to any value. As indicated in the dialog box title. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. either horizontally or vertically. Wall structures are Type Properties. You can split regions into other regions. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 1. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. 2. To define the structure of the wall. in the Structure value field. 7. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . A preview split line displays when you highlight a border.4. If not already expanded. When you split a layer.Walls . 8. In this exercise. 5. or you will lose your changes. To split a layer or region vertically. You can assign different materials to regions. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.

Click to split the region into two parts. Walls s 169 . In this case. assign Layer 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Click Merge Regions.3. Click to merge the two layers. since both regions are composed of the same layer. After merge. 4. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. 3.Brick layer. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Prehighlight a border between regions. The upper split disappears. 2. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click to merge them. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 1. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. When you merge regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.

Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 4. To create a new wall layer. 2. 2.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Press ENTER. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Click Insert. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. click Modify. s Select the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. The dimension text turns blue. instead of down. to the next parallel line. Click again to return to the original position. Click the temporary dimension text. 1. After a region is split. indicating that it is modifiable. 1. 3. 3. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Next. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Change the value to 12. In the Edit dialog box. you assign the material Masonry Brick .Walls . Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). If you set the split offset down from the top. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list.

Brick Soldier Course layer. Click OK. 7. It also shows a thickness value. Click OK. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. The preview changes appearance. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. as shown. Click Assign Layers. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 10. 6. 5.4. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. and Insert Layer tools. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Walls s 171 . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Merge Region. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Split Region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. All walls of this type have been changed. 9. When a layer is selected in the table. It immediately highlights in blue. Change the Material to Masonry . Close the file without saving. because it is now the selected layer. Modify. 8. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected.Brick Soldier Course. In this exercise.

and insulation. ducting. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.Walls . They also must resist sideways forces from wind. piping. installed. and protected. earth.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Custom types and sizes can also be built. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building.Doors and Windows . the ventilation. but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).

must be provided by the window being used as an egress. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". ft. An unobstructed opening of 5.7 sq.Doors and Windows .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route.

and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. This lesson relates to science. Technology. In this unit. and furniture are defined in family files. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. how to load additional door and window families. windows. Engineering. Math (STEM). engineering. Some families are loaded into each empty file.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. you learn how to place doors and windows. move. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . s Center a door in a wall. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and copy these elements. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Copy windows. and Language Arts. and how to position. technology.

Add Doors 1. 3. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. or 3D view. 2. Build panel. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. On the Home tab. elevation view. When placing doors in a plan view. Once a door is placed.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. In other words. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . click Door. This can be done in a plan view. the door swing would be to the left side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. To reverse the swing. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.Doors and Windows . click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. To flip the door. move the cursor to the right side of the wall.

walls. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Select the door Double-Panel 2. and windows into project files. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. With the Door command active. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. 2. except for the Type Selector. on the Modify | Place Door tab.Load Families 1. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. From the Type Selector list. 3.rfa. Doors and Windows s 189 . In order to keep file size small. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Click Open. Mode panel. click Load Family. The display does not change.

If necessary. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 5. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".Doors and Windows .

use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.6. or by using the swing control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . simply click it and enter the correct value. Remember. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. change a temporary dimension.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7. Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.Doors and Windows .

When placing windows in a plan view. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. approach the wall from the right side. To face the outside of the window to the other side. 2.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. elevation view. From the Type Selector. On the Home tab. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. or 3D view. click Window.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. the outside of the window is to the left side. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Add Windows 1. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Open Unit5_doors. Build panel. click Modify and select the window. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. You can place windows in a plan view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Windows have exterior and interior sides.

194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place seven more windows as shown.rvt. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. loaded a door family.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. placed doors. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. You do not need to add dimensions. 5. and placed windows.3. In this exercise. Window tags do not number in sequence. 4. you opened an existing project.

1. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. click Aligned. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. and modify the wall. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Dimension panel. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. window.rvt. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 2. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. and so on. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. place a door. On the Annotate tab. you open an existing project file. 4. wall. constrain it to be centered in a wall. s Align and modify walls.

2. Click the center of the door. Click the lock icon to enable it. Select the upper wall first. the other wall will remain aligned. Notice the symbol.s s s s Click the left wall.Doors and Windows . 6. 5. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. This means that if one wall shifts. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click it and it changes as shown. The door changes location. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. The walls are now aligned. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the right wall. Align Walls 1.

(Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Right-click. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.) The dimension value is now shown. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Change the dimension to 16. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. 3. Clear the EQ Display value. 5. The walls shift and remain aligned.4. Dimensions display below it. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Doors and Windows s 197 . Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.

Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Click Zoom to Fit. 7.Doors and Windows . Right-click.6. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise.rvt.

In this exercise. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Create panel.rvt. Doors and Windows s 199 . Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. click Create Similar. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 1. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 2. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 4. especially if there are many different types. On the Modify | Windows tab.

click Copy. The window is copied.Copy Windows 1. On the Modify | Windows tab. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 4. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Modify panel.Doors and Windows . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the window you just placed. The window will change appearance. 3.

6. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt. Right-click. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit.

cold. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. flat glass is a recent invention. heat.Doors and Windows . s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The stability of glass in response to wind. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.

True b. 32" d. 40" d. 28" b. If a room is used for sleeping. s Align a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Place a window. Standard b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. s Copy a door or window. General Questions 1. Custom 3. 36" c. False 2. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 32" b. s Position a door or window. 34" 4. you learned to: s Place doors. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 30" c. a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.

True b. False 5. a. you use ________. Offset c. Select the door. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. you use: a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. A reference plane b. c. Insert d.Doors and Windows . To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. a. Select the door. Select the door.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Clone b. Link c. d. d. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Properties 3. Load c. Click Modify > Flip Direction. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. b. The center snap 7. Load from Library b. Copy 8. Select the door. To center a door or window in a wall. Right-click. you: a. Use door grips to reposition. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Duplicate d. c. True b. Click Door Properties. False 2. 4. a. Click Flip Direction. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. To change the swing direction of a door: a. To change the location of a door or window. Click Door Properties. 6.

s Modify stair boundaries. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Create railings. 2. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. 3.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 5. 6. Review stairs and railings. Lesson Plan 1.

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. After completing this lesson.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations.Stairs and Railings . Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. List the different stair types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.

and math standards. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 .Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. and Language Arts. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology. engineering.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Due to building code.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.

s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Doors should swing the direction of egress.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.

11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum.

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2".

This lesson relates to technology.Stairs and Railings . When you click to establish the start point of stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. s Add a railing. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. As you move the cursor. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In multistory buildings. Math (STEM). Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. U-shaped stairs. For safety reasons. which includes elevators. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can define straight runs. or tread. or vertical circulation. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. and math standards. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and spiral stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. The riser and run values update accordingly. and stairs. and Language Arts. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). s Modify stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. engineering. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. s Create U-shaped stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. ramps. Technology.

open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Before you create the stairs. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. From the courseware datasets folder. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. 3.rvt. you create stairs using a straight run. Stairs and Railings s 217 . On the Properties palette. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This file is in metric units.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.

These tools are used to define your stairs. 5. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. On the Home tab. In this case. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Run is preselected. you create a straight run.4. click Stairs. Circulation panel. Click OK to close the dialog box.Stairs and Railings . The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.

Select this intersection point to start your run. As you move the cursor up.6. 10. 9. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. On the Mode panel. If you have not fully created the run. 8. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. select Finish (green check). click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Revit displays the number of risers you created. and then click to define the run of stairs. To change the run dimension. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Stairs and Railings s 219 . The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. You can continue to move the cursor up.

12.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. and switched to a 3D view. To avoid overwriting the original file.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. you created and placed a straight run stair. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.11. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. click application menu > Save As > Project. 13. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.

Level 1. 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The stair is not centered on the landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. On the Modify tab. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Activate view Floor Plans.rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. click Align. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Edit panel. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The completed exercise Align Stairs 1.

The Align command remains active. Take time to make the selections correctly. On the Options Bar. select Wall centerlines. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. You can rotate your model to get a better view. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . 5.4. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. from the Prefer list. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Click the center of the wall first. Click the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which is located at the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse.

even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Hover the cursor over the railing. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. 7. 9. railings were created with the stairs. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. click Edit Type. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. enter Lobby Stairs. On the Properties palette. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view.6. Graphics. In the Project Browser. Select the stairs. 8. s Click OK. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. s For Name. As you prehighlight them. s Click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. Change Width to 1350. and Dimensions subsections. expand Sections (Building Section).

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Lobby Stair View. Select both railings.Cherry s s Click Modify. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .10.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .

14. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Next. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Click it to select it. 13. The railings change. The stair changes to the run sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. click Edit Sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.12. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Mode panel. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. Delete this line. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s Zoom in on the stairs.

17. 16. click the left end of the top riser. To place the second arc endpoint. Click Modify. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 18. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 19. s On the Modify panel. click Boundary. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.Stairs and Railings . click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. Click to place the arc. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.15. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Click to exit the Mirror command. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Click CenterEnds-Arc. For the third point. Stairs and Railings s 227 . the arc center point. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. click Riser. On the Draw panel. Next. First. select the endpoint of the right boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. 20. select the endpoint of the left boundary.21.

you modified stair properties and boundaries.Stairs and Railings . click Finish. Open the {3D} view to see the results. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. In this exercise. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22. On the Mode panel.

you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.rvt from the previous exercise. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Select the right side railing. For simple railings. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. 3. s s Sketch a Railing 1. In this case. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Zoom into the landing area as shown. you need to define a path for the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing. This is typically done in plan view. you sketch the plan view path. Therefore. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Click Modify. 2.

edit the temporary dimension.4. You do not need to add dimensions. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. The dimensions are shown as a guide. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Once the railing is selected. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. on the Modify | Railings tab. On the Draw panel. 7. To set the exact distance. Then. Mode panel. select Chain.Stairs and Railings . click Edit Path. s s On the Options Bar. click Line. 6.

s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete your lines and try again. 9. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 231 . In this exercise. 8. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing.

In a floor plan view. In this exercise. set the Offset value to 850. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Stairs and Railings . Create a Reference Plane 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Work Plane panel. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you create a reference plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 2. the stairs appear as a U-shape.rvt from the previous exercise. s On the Home tab. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. s On the Options Bar.

Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Circulation panel. Click Edit Type.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Matte 2. 4. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. enter Exit Stairs. Click OK. On the Home tab. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. For Name. 5. Pull the cursor straight up. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Stairs and Railings s 233 . enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. To start sketching the run. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 3. Dark Gray. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. On the Properties palette. click Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. change the Width parameter to 900. 6. Click OK twice.

The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 8. Press ENTER. Move the pointer to the right. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 9. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . enter 1925.7. Click to finish the stair run. with none remaining to be created. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.

2. click Finish Stairs. but they are hidden behind walls. you select Continue to return the sketch. Click Finish Stairs again. If you get an error message. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. To remove the lines. click 3D View to view your model in 3D.10. On the Stairs panel. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Stairs and Railings s 235 . 11. On the View Control bar. it is because you have overlapping lines. You want to inspect your stairs. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Use Hide/Isolate 1. Remove the additional lines.

6. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. In this exercise. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The exterior walls reappear. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. On the Properties palette. you learned to create a reference plane. This is a multistory stair. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Select the stairs so they highlight. On the View Control Bar. and to create a U-shaped stair.3.Stairs and Railings . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Reset the Display 1.rvt. 2. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The walls are now hidden. Zoom in to see your stairs. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 4. Finally. 5. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 3.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps. escalators. STEM Connections s 237 . and elevators.

s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. smoke guards. They cost less. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. this openness makes them fire hazards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. but they can also be highly decorative. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Stairs and Railings . Include landings as required by your local building code. and deliver riders without wait time.

A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 25 degrees b. s Create railings. s Modify stair boundaries. True b. and all treads should be the same run. General Questions 1. True b. 45 degrees c. b. you learned to: s Create stairs. 36" d. a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. 180 degrees 3. a. 90 degrees d. False 2. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 32" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 30" b. 40" 4.

riser lines c. You can apply materials to different stair components. risers b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Home b. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align Railing d. risers 3. risers and treads. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. True b. a. Pick New Host b. Boundary lines. you use the _______ option. Insert 2. Railings. Modify c. Line b. Treads. Circle 4. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Rectangle c. that is. False 6. a. Fasten Railing 5. True b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. a. Attach Railing c. Manage d. Arc d. Run. riser d.Stairs and Railings . you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. a. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a.

Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 10. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Evaluate Students. (Student) 6. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 3. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 11.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Review of roof types. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 5. s Place fascia. s Define a roof structure.

you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow.Roofs . Calculate the rise. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. gutters. Identify the different roof types. tiles. It addresses roof construction. roof types. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and downspouts. run. After completing this lesson. and pitch of a sloped roof.

and math standards. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. About Roofs s 243 . s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. technology. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Technology. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Engineering. This lesson relates to science.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. maintenance. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. texture. and color. both low and steep. resistance to wind and fire. the roofing pattern. durability. and if visible. rot. and colors. texture. They come in several types. as well as how effective a shelter it is. the roofing pattern. About Roofs s 245 . They are easy to install and require low maintenance. maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. resulting in at least one textured face. resistance to wind and fire. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. snow. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Sloped roofs. and color. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. These are used more often on upscale homes. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and sunlight. fire-resistant. and low maintenance roofing material. You can use them for many different applications. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and if visible. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. durability. brands. are designed for shedding water and snow. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and sun.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain.

choose a type that will suit your needs. galvanized steel. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. and so forth). galvanized steel. fiberglass. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. consider such factors as cost. and insulating capability (R-value). 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. odor. and require little maintenance. treatment for insects. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. Unfortunately. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. zinc alloy.Roofs .s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. They are fire-resistant. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. special characteristics (for example. reinforced plastic. This same roof on a clear. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. Therefore. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. durable. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. quality. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. or corrugated structural glass. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).

Roofs . Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Roofs . These are commonly used in French-style houses. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Many barns use gambrel roofs. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. but the two sides are not symmetrical.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . run. where as. A number indicates the value of the rise. The run value is typically equal to 12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. and span.

254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 on 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. and pitch is noted as a fraction.Roofs . The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7-12. 7 to 12. 7 and 12.When designing a roof.

and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Roofs s 255 . Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. that convey rainwater to drains. or roof overhangs. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. or ice. and fascia. s Create a hip roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you can add gutters. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. soffits.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To create a roof by face. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Create various roof types. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. water. s Place gutters. Once you create a roof. snow. often supporting a gutter. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. To create a roof by the extrusion method. dormers. or eaves. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Create a roof fascia. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges.

Roofs . 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. and math standards. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Technology. technology.

To create an extruded roof. Click OK to continue. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. you create an extruded roof. 2. the top of the roof profile is sketched. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 4. 3. Open ADA_Roofs. select the Name option. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.rvt. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. In the Work Plane dialog box.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise..

Click Open View. select Section: Section 1. Draw panel. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. The section view should display as shown. 6. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar.5. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. In the Go To View dialog box. s Use the image below for guidance. Drawing Reference Planes 1. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. click Ref Plane. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. click Line. 3. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 2.Roofs . On the Work Plane panel.

Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using the image below for guidance. s Click Modify. 5. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value. s Click the EQ toggle.6. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2.

To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. click Chain. Right-click. Click OK. 6. for Name. s On the Options Bar. enter Horizontal. On the Properties palette. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. click Finish (green check). 1. 4. On the Mode panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 2. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. 3. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall.Roofs . 7. you can label them. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Modify. click Line. The name displays when you select the reference plane.

Roofs s 261 . 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8.12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view.

This is a two-step process. On the Modify tab. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 2. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 3. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls.Roofs . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. carefully select the far right roof edge. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 1. Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Using the images for guidance.

Select both walls. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. To select both walls together. On the Modify Wall panel. open the view Sections: Section 1. Roofs s 263 . Trim Walls 1. However. On the Options Bar. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. click Attach: Top/ Base. In the Project Browser.4. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. 2. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. 3.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.rvt. The roof now looks correct.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. In this exercise. 5.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.

Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The inner loops define openings in the roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. 3. a dialog box is displayed. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Unit7_first_roof. by Footprint. 1. In this exercise. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. so you look straight down as in a plan. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Click Yes. select Garage Roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. On the Home tab. Because you are in a 3D view. from existing walls. 4. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . From the drop-down list. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Build panel.rvt.

s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 7. click Pick Walls. clear the Defines slope option. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Defines Slope.Roofs . Select the right vertical wall of the garage. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 6. s On Options Bar. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. select the vertical wall on the left. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.5. 8.0". Next. If you place a line on the wrong side. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . Use the image below for guidance.

Change this value to 6"/12". the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Roofs s 267 . Select the right side roof line. 3. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 2. 1. click Yes. change the value to 6"/12". defining lines separately. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. By default. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click the 9"/12" text. Other controls also display. It becomes an editable field. Select the left slope defining line. To complete the roof. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. click Finish. Click Modify. When a roof line is set to slope defining. The new roof displays.

In this exercise.Roofs . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.4. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.

set the overhang to 1' 0". click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4. 2.rvt. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. To chain-select all of the walls. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. 3. Build panel. click to select them. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. On Home tab. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Roofs s 269 . Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. On the Options Bar. When all of the walls prehighlight. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. The file opens to a 3D view. Clear Defines Slope.

As an alternate. click Rectangle. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Create a Roof Opening 1. Using the image for guidance. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.Roofs . Zoom into the chimney area. Right-click. 2. 3. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar.

Select the uppermost. 6. Click Modify. click Yes. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar.Add Slope Lines 1. select the Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. select Defines Slope. Select the left lower horizontal line. 4. horizontal line. Roofs s 271 . 2. Click Finish. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. The slope indicator displays. As in the previous exercise. 5. 3.

Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. 8.7. and chimney penetration. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.

you create a hip roof. Select Defines Slope.0". click Roof > Roof by Footprint. set Overhang to 2' .rvt. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 3. Zoom into the area shown. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 2. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Select the three walls shown in the image. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Create the Roof 1. Roofs s 273 . 4. 5. Build panel.

Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. click Line. s s Clear Defines Slope. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. you use the Line tool. Click Finish to complete the roof. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.7. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 6. Click OK. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Right-click the ViewCube. 2. On the Properties palette.Roofs . In addition. To close the roof sketch.0". s On the Draw panel. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Raise the Roof 1. Switch to a 3D View.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. you created a hip roof using a footprint.Roofs .rvt. In this exercise.2. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 277 . click Line. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Clear Defines Slope. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. 5.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. 3. 7. Create a Shed Roof 1. On the Draw panel. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 4. 6.

edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 10. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 9. Select the lower. Click Modify. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. On the Properties palette.Roofs . Set the Offset to 0' 0". 11. 12. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Right-click the line. 13. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch.8.

15. Roofs s 279 . Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 16.rvt. In this exercise. Click OK. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 17. click Yes. Finish the Roof. Switch to a 3D view. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint.14. 18.

Select the Roof. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.rvt. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. The roof updates. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. You see four levels defined in the model. Open the Default 3D view. Cutoff Level list. 2. 3. 5. 4. On the Properties palette. Activate the view North Elevation. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. On the menu bar. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. select Level 3.

Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Home tab. To set the slope for the new roof. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Options Bar. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. click Pick Lines. 7. Finish the Roof.rvt. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 9. Roofs s 281 . 8. 10.6. In this exercise. 11. set the slope value to 3"/12". on the Properties palette. 13. Switch to a 3D View. select Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Draw panel. 12.

select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. thereby reducing energy consumption. 3. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 1.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.Roofs . In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Select the main roof over the house. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 2.

Click Insert to add a layer. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. enter Clay Tile. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. s Click OK. For Structure Value. 2. 3. 5. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. For Name. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. click Duplicate. It is a generic roof type. Roofs s 283 . Select Layer 2 as shown. 4. click Edit. Select the roof over the garage.Define a Roof Structure 1.

8. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".rvt. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 7. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.s s s In the Materials dialog box. select Model.Roofs . The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. In this exercise. Click OK twice. 6. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

2. 4. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. On the Home tab. to support a gutter. Click Open.rfa. click Roof > Fascia. In this exercise. On the Insert tab. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. In the Open dialog box.rvt. 3. or for decoration. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Roofs s 285 . A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.

select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. In the Type Properties dialog box.5. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . for Profile. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.Roofs . Click Duplicate. For Name. Click OK. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory. click Edit Type. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Matte. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Set the Material value to Metal . 6.

8. 9. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise.rvt. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Roofs s 287 . Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.

Under Material parameter. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. For Name. On the Home tab. 1. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. you add gutters to a building.Bevel: 5" x 5".Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. select Metal Aluminum. Place Gutters In this exercise. 2. click Edit Type. 3. click Roof > Gutter. In the Type Properties dialog box. s Click Duplicate. 5. The file should open to a 3D view. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 6. under Profile parameter.Roofs . Click OK. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. select Gutter . The completed exercise 4.

If you click the interior face. the gutter displays on the wrong side. you attached gutters to a roof. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 8. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces.7. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 11. In this exercise. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 10.rvt. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Roofs s 289 . Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Segments will clean up at corners. 9.

s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water. heat. and cold.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house.

High d. the run is always 12. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. None of the above 3. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Gambrel d. False 2. s Define a roof structure. When referring to roof slope.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. s Place fascia. s Place gutters. Shed 4. Gable b. a. a. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . True b. True b. Hip c.Roofs . A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Low b.

You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. extrusion. c. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Footprint b. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. a. profile 2. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Add Slope b. Sketch. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Face 3. Roofs can be created using ______. False 7. b. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Footprint b. a. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. False 5. TAB b. True b. True b. a. Footprint. Change the direction of the roof. Walls. Create an opening. Change the direction of the slope. True b. extrusion. Cut/Lengthen c. a. d. Turn slopes on or off. Trim/Extend b. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Walls d. DEL d. Slope c. Defines Slope c. SHIFT c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Extrusion d. sketch. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. ______ or _______. Material 8. Footprint. Expand/Contract 6. a. To add a slope to a roofline. Create Slope d. ENTER 4. A compound roof contains layers. lines c. Activate Slope 9. profile. a. place a check mark next to: a. face b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Sketch c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. you use: a. pick d. 10.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create slope annotations. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Lesson Plan 1. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.

interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. cabinetry. Sections are used to examine the roof. the location of special equipment. and tool racks. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. floor. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and special equipment. bathrooms. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. the kitchen. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. In a residential building. After completing this lesson. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. In a commercial structure.

and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Technology. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. and math standards. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts.

s Methods of construction for the framing crew. on the long axis of the building. and are properly cross-referenced. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. t Cross or transverse sections. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor.Sections and Elevations . s Section lines need not be entirely straight. across its narrower dimension. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. framing. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). and foundation plans.

and steel. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details. full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members.Sections and Elevations . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. For larger elevations. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s The position relationship between different elements.

however. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. followed by any additional information about spacing. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. bushes. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. quantity. or methods of installation. Unnecessary Information Shades. cars. For example. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The size of the object is listed first. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. You may. Therefore. this is reversed. With interior elevations.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. shadows. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. and then the name of the material. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. people. East. For siding. South." Mfr. the titles assigned (North. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. and so forth. For a wood structure.

tile. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. doors and direction of door swings. or MDF. and types of finish materials used. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The wood is placed vertically against the wall. It can also be used around doorways and windows. coving. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. wood. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. and other appliances. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". or linoleum) and the wall. and special equipment such as toilets. or a baseboard. or decorative patterns. Molding is usually made of plaster. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It may have curves.Sections and Elevations . dishwashers. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. and materials used. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Hinges are concealed. This is usually done using a topset. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. The trim is usually glued into place. Molding is normally decorative in nature. shelf arrangements. doors. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. This is more costly than regular overlay. chamfers. flush overlay. casements. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. and lip. other openings. windows. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. which is a formed pressboard. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding.

Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Change the section head. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Add slope annotations. s Create an interior elevation. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. which you can then add to a sheet. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser.

but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This lesson relates to science. like an elevation. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified.Sections and Elevations .Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. A section is a horizontal view. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and math standards. Once created.

Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. or other section view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. For example. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. elevation.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.

If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region.Sections and Elevations . 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.

Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. tracing over the existing elements. such as anchor bolts and siding. the slope of this roof is 2:12. So. Details are crucial for effective construction. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. In a set of construction documents. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add breaklines as needed.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. s Add structural details. Once you create the detail section. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. In the example shown. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. s Add detail notes. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Slope is also referred to as pitch.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.

The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 3. click Section. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Create a Section View 1. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The Section command is available from the View tab. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create panel. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. The completed exercise 6. 2. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the file ADA_Sections. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 4. On the View tab.

The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. and it has control grips to resize it. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. With the section line selected. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Section Properties 1. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. The actual location is not critical. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. This is called the crop region. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 3.

Save the file as Unit8_section1. 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The section view updates. 6.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 313 . 8. you automatically created a section view. 7.4. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. In the Properties palette. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The view is listed in your Project Browser. When you drew the section line. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). In this exercise. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Clear Crop Region Visible.

click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 5. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Click Open to load the family. click Duplicate. and Section Head . For Name. Section Head . They include Section Head . 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Load from Library panel.1 point Filled. Several section head families are available. 3.No Arrow. In this exercise. click Load Family. 4.rvt. Settings panel. On the Manage tab. The view does not change. Select Section Head-Open. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Click OK. enter Open Arrow. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 6. On the Insert tab. 7. 2.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.rfa.Sections and Elevations .Filled.

Select the section line. In the Section Tag field. click Edit Type.rvt. select Section Head .8. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 10.Open. In this exercise. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click Duplicate. 13. 14. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 315 . For Name. 11. Click OK. Click OK. The section head updates to the new head type. Save as Unit8_section_open. For Section Head. On the Properties palette. 9. enter Open Arrow. select Open Arrow. 12.

Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 3. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Options Bar. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles.Sections and Elevations . 2.rvt. click Callout. Create panel. 5. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 4. This is a building section. 6.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. select the border of the callout. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. To reposition the callout head. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Use the image below for guidance. On the View tab. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Open file ADA_Detail_Section.

Trace over the lower left corner of the view. but not strongly. On the Annotate tab. On the Properties palette. 2. click Region > Filled Region. region patterns. On the Draw panel. Detail panel. 4. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 317 . 8. as shown. select Chain. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. You can add detail lines.7. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. 1. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. On the Options Bar. detail components. Line is selected automatically. 3. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.

7. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. enter Earth.5. Click Modify. 6. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. For Name. Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Select the upper and right side lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

9. Detail panel. click Load Family. select Finish (green check). From the Fill Pattern list. Click Open. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. On the Mode panel. 1.rfa. the filled region may appear as solid fill. If you zoom in closer. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Click OK. On the Place Detail Component tab. click Component > Detail Component.8.Section. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 3. 2. On the Annotate tab. the pattern becomes visible. Sections and Elevations s 319 .

You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.4. 5.Sections and Elevations . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Click OK. In the Specify Types dialog box. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

8. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Using the image below for guidance. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 7. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector list. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Plywood.6.

9. From the Type Selector. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations . select anchor bolt. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Component > Detail Component. Place the component similarly to the image below. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Use the image below for guidance. 11. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Select the vertical plywood. 12. set the Thickness to 3/4". On the Properties palette. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. This component represents the subflooring. Click Modify.

select Multiple. Use the image below for guidance. select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Click Modify.13. 14. select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.

From the Line Style Selector. On the Annotate tab. 16.Sections and Elevations . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. click Detail Line. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Start at the end of the siding. 2. select Wide Lines. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Add Detail Lines 1. Detail panel.15. Save the file.

5. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Still using Wide Lines.3. 4. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.

Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 2.6. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the wall so it highlights. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. On the Annotate tab. 8. Click Modify. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. click Insulation. Save the file. The wall display updates. select the Material field in row 3. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 9. identified as Wall material 1. 10. Add Insulation 1. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Next. Right-click. 7. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Detail panel. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.Sections and Elevations .

Your view should resemble the image shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 3. Detail panel. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 327 .2. From the Type Selector. click Component > Detail Component. select Break Line. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 1.

To complete the detail. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The view should resemble the image shown.4. 5. You place another breakline. The Detail Component tool is still active. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. detail lines. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Place the breakline as shown. Click Zoom to Fit. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . and detail components to it. 7. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).

The size of the object is listed first. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. s Clear Annotation Crop. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. weatherproofing. To add notes. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The border around the view will disappear. or methods of installation. quantity. 1. 2.rvt. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. With nothing selected in the view. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 3. and ventilation methods in construction documents. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.

5. leader arrow as shown. 6. 12. 7. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. From the Type list. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow.Sections and Elevations . Move the pointer up 11. R13. On the Format panel. 9.4. On the Annotate tab. Finally.4" WEATHERING. 10. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 8. As you pull your cursor to the right. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Two Segments. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. click Text. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Text panel. insulation. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.

CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. is an acronym for On Center. 17. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 20. 18. Sections and Elevations s 331 . as the second line of text. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the baseboard. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. O. .TYPE X. 19. Enter 5/8" GWB ..C. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. or wood treated with preservative against rot. 15. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 14. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT.C.13.C. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.C. 16. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click ENTER to start a second line.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise.rvt. 22. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. 23. Click Modify. 21. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard..

Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. or elevation view. 4. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Right-click.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Click Open. and locate the detail view on it. 3. 5. click Load. highlight Sheets. In this exercise. Click New Sheet. Highlight your title block. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Locate the A-Landscape.rvt. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. In the Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 2. The new sheet becomes the current view. 6. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. section. you will want to add the views to a sheet.

8. select view Detail at Foundation. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar. click Hide Crop Region. Select a Level Line. On the View Control Bar. 9.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view.7. close to the crop border. Click the control at its left end. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag it to the right. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Project Browser. click Show Crop Region.

enter Detail at Foundation Sill. For Name. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 335 . 11. Right-click. Click OK. highlight the new sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.10. enter S. s Modified the label values in the title block. For Number.301. Click Rename. 13. 12. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser.

When you create a project with a template. s Set the display for building components as needed. east. s Add material notes. s Add any necessary dimensions. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 2. Open ADA_Elevations. four elevation views are included: north. Click the Annotations tab. Turn On Elevation Markers 1.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. south.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 4. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 5. Click OK. Right-click. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. and west. 6. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.Sections and Elevations . The elevation markers are now visible. Select Elevations. s Add slope indication for roof. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 3. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). It is defined by the green dotted line.

On the Modelling tab. On the Annotations tab.2. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 4. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Next. Click OK to exit the dialog box. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 3. 5. clear Planting. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Sections. On the View Control Bar.

Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.7. Select Sand. you activated an elevation view. 9. and modified the wall display characteristics. Select the Material field for Layer 1. modified its display. 11. 8. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. It will be identified as Condo . 13. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.Sections and Elevations . Select the wall.Exterior Stucco. 12. 10. click to open the list. In this exercise. Click the button that displays to select a material. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. select Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In Surface Pattern.rvt.

you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. 5. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. quantity. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. The size of the object is listed first. In the Type Selector. or methods of installation. 3. Add a note for the foundation.rvt. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 4. Sections and Elevations s 339 . set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Set the Leader type to One Segment. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Enter TX. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Add a note for the stone wall.

Add a note for the roof. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 9. 8. Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 7. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise.6. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 5. from the Slope Representation list.rvt. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. select Triangle. 1. enter 1/8". You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Annotate tab. 6. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 2. 3. For Offset from Reference. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Dimension panel. click Spot Slope. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. On the Options Bar. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 4. Click to select the roof line.

Click to locate the slope indicator. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 10. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. click Aligned. 9. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown.7. Click Modify. 11. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Dimension panel. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.

select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Sections and Elevations s 343 . you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. The west elevation now contains material notes. and dimensions for clarity. 14. slope indicators. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. leaders. Arrange notes. and vertical dimensions.12. 13. To create a continuous dimension as shown.

kitchens. equipment rooms. 2. Click Find Referring Views. Highlight the view. This view was already defined in the drawing. Click Open View. and cabinetry. dimensions. special closets. In this exercise. 3. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click.Sections and Elevations . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. In the Project Browser. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.rvt. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.

s s s s Click Duplicate. 6. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. click OK. In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Right-click. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. click Aligned. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. 7. Clear Use Project Settings. 5. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Dimension panel. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click Element Properties > Type Properties.4.

346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.rvt. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.Sections and Elevations .9. detail the interior section. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. You modified a dimension style. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Using the Text and Dimension tools.

s Create a section view. The direction the viewer is facing. Not in Contract c. Cabinetry d. The direction the structure is facing. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. is always the true orientation. it depends. s Create material annotations.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. b. Show the relationships between elements. All of the above 5. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. s Create filled regions. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. c. b. Indicate the location of doors and windows. d. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Not in Concrete b. True b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. such as north. False 3. General Questions 1. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . 2. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. All of the above. Walls c. Nobody in Charge d. s Create slope annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. 4. c. Either one.

4. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. b. Element properties c. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Which elevation is it? a. North 3. c. a. The boundaries of the view. The detail level of the view. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. b. The height of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. False 2. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. c. False 5. South d. Right-click. d. True b. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Sheet Composition > View. a. Sun and Shadow b. Click Add View. you use: a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The Visual Style of the view. but not a 6. East b. The dotted line indicates: a. d.Sections and Elevations . On the View tab. b and c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. West c.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. s Load a schedule tag. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 3.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Export a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. Review Schedules. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 2. 6.

Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

such as reference number. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. About Schedules s 351 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Math (STEM). Some of these building objects include. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. about the building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. and thickness. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Technology. width.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. and Language Arts. height.

s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. depending on the style of the architectural firm. However. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Instance. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. the same primary information is included. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.Schedules . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 .

the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. hexagon. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. However. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. and A for appliances. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.Schedules . E for electrical. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Like schedules. window. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following image shows door. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. A circle. Other letters are P for plumbing. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Using the software.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.

Schedules s 355 . Technology. s Create a room schedule. s Export a schedule. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Add room tags. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. and math standards. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and Language Arts. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules list items such as doors. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. equipment. Engineering. technology. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. materials. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Project templates include preset schedules. hardware. windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. rooms. engineering. This lesson relates to science.

You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. 2. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.Schedules . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.rvt. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and you set the schedule to display totals.

Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. On the View tab. Level. 6. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right.s Window Tag 5. In Available Fields. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Add Count. 4. 3. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Click Add. Select Windows from the list. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. select Comments. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 7. Continue to add fields to the schedule. and Width. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Type Mark. Schedules s 357 . Height.

from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Select the fields.Schedules . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.8. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

Select Blank Line. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. select Type Mark. From the Sort By list. 2. but without any useful calculations yet.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Schedules s 359 . 3. 1. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.

1.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. in this case). Notice how the schedule has changed. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. select Level. Rather than make a manual calculation. click the schedule name. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 3. On the Properties palette. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. for Sorting/ Grouping. 4. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. In the Project Browser. in the Then By sorting field. 2. you can have the schedule report this. In order to calculate the total number of windows. clear Itemize Every Instance. click Edit.

click Edit 7. s Set the schedule to display category totals.rvt. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. select Title. Schedules s 361 . and Totals. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. On the Properties palette. Count. 6. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. From the list. select Footer. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.5. The totals for each window type now display. for Sorting/ Grouping. In this exercise.

4. On the Home tab. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. click Room > Room. occupancy. Room size. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 5. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 3. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. based on the amount of space in each room. Locate the file named Room Tag.Schedules . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.rvt. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Room & Area panel.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. ceiling type. In this exercise. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Click Open. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. floor type.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.

Room & Area panel. a total of 7. and in the hall as shown. 6. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. On the Home tab. click Room > Room Separation Line. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 8. Schedules s 363 . 7. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule.In the Type Selector.

Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Select Room #2. The room tag updates.9. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. The cursor changes to sketch mode. The area value for Room 7 updates. On the Room & Area panel.Schedules . 10. Click Modify. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 11. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 12. s Change the word Room to Manager. click Room. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. s Click the Room text. 13. An edit box activates.

In this exercise. s Tagged various objects. for Name. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. you: s Loaded a room tag. On the Properties palette. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. enter Sales. s Changed room tag field values. 15.rvt. s Added a room separation. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.14. Schedules s 365 .

On the View tab. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Create a Room Schedule 1. Click Add--> after each selection. In the Available Fields pane. Name. 2. The completed exercise 5.Schedules . The New Schedule dialog box displays. select Number. and Area to be included in your schedule.rvt. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. For Name.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Set the Sort By value to Number. 4. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Create panel. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 3. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 6. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. enter Square Footage Report.

7. 8. 9. s Set Alignment to Right. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. clear Use Project Settings. Highlight the Area field. 10. In the Format dialog box. Highlight the Number field. Change the Heading to No. Schedules s 367 . Select Title and Totals from the list. Click OK. s Click Field Format. Click the Formatting tab. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Grand Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places.

12. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Schedules . s Totaled one of the columns.11.rvt. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. you: s Created a room schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.

you export the room schedule to a text file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.txt) file. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. The file is created. Using your Windows Explorer. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.rvt. Schedules s 369 . 2. Browse to a directory to save your report. Click Save. 3. 4. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 5. 6. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Click OK. Double-click it to open it.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. On the application menu. You can then use this file in other applications. Note the formatting that has been applied. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. locate the file you created. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.

Schedules . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 8. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Close the text file.

Type b. A list of sheets used in a project. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Questions 1. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. 2. a. d. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A list of information that defines specific building objects. False 4. s Reformat a schedule. True b. c. s Place a schedule tag. s Export a schedule. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. What is a schedule table? a. a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Quantity c. Instance 3. s Load a schedule tag. Matrix d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. b. None of the above. True b.

Annotate tab b. use the ____ .Revit Architecture Questions 1. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. To export a schedule. Annotate b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Schedules . Manage tab 3. Modify 2. View c. XLS c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. TXT b. Application menu d. Home d. CSV d. a. View tab c.

5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 4. Lesson Plan 1. 3. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Review Visualization. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students.

s Apply shading to a view. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Math (STEM). Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Play a walkthrough. Engineering. and Language Arts. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Create and edit a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. you create a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. s Assign materials. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Add planting components. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. After completing this lesson. s Export a DWG file.Visualization . s Export a walkthrough. or camera on a path. s Create a raytrace rendering. Finally. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

Assign materials. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. s Make a camera view the active view. Click Zoom to Fit. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows.rvt. To prepare your model for rendering. Open Unit2_custom_family. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. courseware datasets. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . s s 2. You worked on animations. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design.

3. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Select any exterior wall. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 5. Select one of the exterior walls. Right-click.Visualization . The wall display updates. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Stud. If you do not see any change in the wall display. 4. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 6. The walls now display layers of materials.

10. Repeat the process for the windows. 8. Select the toposurface object. Visualization s 377 .7. Select walls. On the Properties palette. Open the Default 3D view. Right-click. Click Change wall's orientation. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. In addition to using the control arrows. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select Site: Grass. you can: s s s 9. Click OK.

Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.Visualization . you have completed this exercise. click Import > Import. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. for Files of type. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 2. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the file name. 3.rvt. On the application menu. click Export > FBX. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Select the Roof. In the Select File to Import dialog box. and click Open. Note the file location.11. 12. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. This will filter the file list. Save the file as Unit10_Export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. Export the Model to FBX 1. Open 3ds Max Design.FBX). Click OK in any notices and warnings. Depending on your system resources.

open Unit10_Export. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Visualization s 379 . Open or return to Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. If necessary. Export the Model to DWG 1. you have completed this exercise. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. There is no way to update it from Revit. 2. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Note the file location. Close the file without saving.4. On the application menu. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. click Next.rvt. 3.

Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 7. open Unit10_Export. Select the file name.rvt. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. click File. click References > File Link Manager. Click Open. Open 3ds Max Design. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. If necessary. Close the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 5. 6. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Select two windows as shown.4. In the File Link Manager . 8. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.max. 9.Visualization . Open or return to Revit. click Attach This File.

Visualization s 381 .10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 11. On the application menu. 13. 12. In the dialog box. The windows have updated. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the export file using the same name as before. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Open the 3D view. Save the file.

Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Open the File Link Manager. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. 15. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Close the File Link Manager. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Oriented walls and windows. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The windows have changed.14. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Click Reload. The linked file updates.Visualization . In this exercise. s Changed a material definition. Open the Files tab.

On the View tab. 3. 2. generate a rendering. and create a second rendering. Open Unit10_Export. you place a camera in a model. In this exercise. Visualization s 383 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. as shown. Open the Site view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. add plantings to the model.rvt. change materials. click Camera. If you place the camera too close to the model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Place a Camera 1. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Create panel.

If necessary.Visualization . s s s s Open a floor plan view. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Right-click. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. click Show Rendering Dialog. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 5. 2.4. The camera perspective view opens. Click Show Camera. select Very Few Clouds. Open the Site view again. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Return to the perspective view. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the View Control Bar. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 7. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. The camera will be visible. Render Setup 1. 6.

s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . click Site Component. Model Site panel. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Accept the default settings for Quality. Output Settings. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. On the Massing & Site tab. Enhance the Model 1. 2. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Click Render. and Lighting. 3. Visualization s 385 . s Click Render.3. Open the Site view.30' approximately as shown. Open view 3D View 1.

click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. 4. click Show the Model.4. click Save to Project. 5. In the Materials list. Change Materials 1. In the Rendering dialog box. Select an exterior wall.Wood Shake. Revit places the image in its own view. In the Save to Project dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.Visualization . Select the roof. 3. On the Properties palette. click OK. click Edit Type. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 2. The model displays in the view. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field. and you can now select elements for editing. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Roofing . 6. In the Rendering dialog box.

8.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click the Render Appearance tab. 9. Select the icon next to Masonry . 7.10.

Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. Select Masonry . s Created a raytrace setup.Visualization . click Render. 16. 14.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_render. Click OK. 12. In the Rendering dialog box.11. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. In the Rendering dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. click Save to Project. s Edited materials in model components. 13. The new image is placed in its own view.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Generated and captured a render image. 15. s Generated and captured a second render image.

click 3d View > Walkthrough. 4. Each view. 2. s Right-click. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s View the animation in a media player. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. In this exercise. To place a key frame. s On the View tab. rendered. along the path can be viewed in different modes. or walkthroughs. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. in a project model.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views.rvt. Click Zoom Out (2x). The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The camera and path can be edited. s Right-click again. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. or frame. click to the left of the model as shown. Open Unit10_render. Visualization s 389 . and exported individually. Open floor plan view Level 1. s Edit the camera and path. Create panel. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model.

Visualization . Drag it to the left. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 7. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. so that the camera is pointing at the model. click Finish Walkthrough. Walkthrough panel. 11. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 10. 9. click Edit Walkthrough. Repeat for all the key frames. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the direction control for the camera. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.5. On the Modify | Cameras tab. The camera is located on the final key frame. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 6. 8.

The path displays control dots at key frames. From the Controls list. 13. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Check the view in several key frames. click Next Key Frame. On the Walkthrough panel. Visualization s 391 .12. If camera positions distort. Drag the path away from the model as shown. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open. Click Edit Walkthrough. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 3. 2. select Path.

In the Length/Format dialog box. Export the Walkthrough 1. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. click OK.rvt. 2. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . This may take a long time depending on your system resources. File Name. Click OK. 2. 3. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click Save. select a video compression method to hold down file size. Click Play. Revit generates the external AVI file. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame.Visualization . In the Video Compression dialog box. On the application menu. 4. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough.Play the Walkthrough 1. notice where you save the file. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.

It plays in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 .5. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Double-click the new file name.

7. If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. In this exercise. s Edited the path.Visualization . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.

A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. View > Shading d. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. Export > FBX 3. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Add planting components. s Apply shading to a view. Questions 1. Demolish 2. s Play a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Assign materials. you use: a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. Flip Orientation d. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Export a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. True b. True b. s Place a camera. False 2. you use: a. a. s Orient walls and windows. Align c. True b. s Create a raytrace rendering. a. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Save As > FBX c. Split b. Print to File b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

beams and braces.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. Lesson Plan 1. and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. In the following exercises. 5. Review structural columns. beam systems. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beams. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. you learn how to place structural columns. foundations.

For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and other structural elements will be located in a building.Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. beams.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 .

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . walls.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.Structural . Knowing where structural members. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.

This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Structural s 401 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Create column grids. and Language Arts. Technology. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. After completing this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Place beam systems and braces.

You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. wood. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. They come in types defined by size and shape. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. spans without walls. beams can be steel.Hide Category. 1. 3. Structural columns can be steel. On the Build panel of the Home tab. this is known as post and beam construction. On the View Control Bar. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. or reinforced concrete. In this exercise.Structural . 2.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Open Deck Framing. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. or concrete. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. In residential construction. click Column > Structural Column. As with columns. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Beams connect columns or walls. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Select a floor. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . often mainly glass. wood.

select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. and 4B. click Depth. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 3A. On the Options Bar. 5.4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. On the View Control Bar. Structural s 403 . 6. In the Type Selector. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 8. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 7. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1".

Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Set their Top Offset to -0'-9".Structural . Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 11. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. rail. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Open Plan View Deck Framing. Right-click. double-click view Framing Cutaway. 2. 10.9. Click OK. Click OK. Click Hide In View > Element. In the Project Browser. Place Beams 1. The columns are now hidden by the floors. and columns clearly.

In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. On the Structure tab. To place beams: Structural s 405 . Click. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.3. 5. s In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. Structure panel. click Beam. select Chain. 4.

s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click Modify.Structural . 6.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. On the Properties palette. 7. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click.

In this exercise. Click on grid intersection B4. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click OK. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 11. Click Modify. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. 12. click Beam. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structural s 407 . s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. If a Warning dialog box that opens.8. click Make Wall Bearing. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. as shown.rvt. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. 9. Structure panel.

This system saves time when preparing framing plans. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. or number of beams in a bay. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. distance. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. you: s Place beam systems. On the Structure tab. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Open Deck Beams.Structural . A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click Beam System. 3. Place Beam Systems 1.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Pick Supports. click Sketch Beam System.rvt. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. click No. 2. In this exercise. Click the beam on Grid 1. 4. Structure panel. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. The completed exercise 5. s Place braces.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line. Structural s 409 . On the Draw panel. Draw a line on the face of the wall. 7. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. as shown.6.

click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. 10. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Click Finish. s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. click Create Similar. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Pick Supports.8. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.2". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. 11. Click the beam on Grid 2. s 9. click Line.Structural . On the Mode panel. set Elevation to -0'-9".6". s s s On the Draw panel. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Trim as necessary.

Adjust the view crop region as shown. 4. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3.Place Braces 1. click Brace. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the Structure tab. unlike regular elevations. Open Plan View Deck Framing. as shown. 2. 3. Click to place the elevation. On the View tab. Create panel. On the View Control Bar. Structure panel. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structural s 411 . It has an automatic work plane. In the Project Browser. 5. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids.

Repeat the brace going right to left.Structural . In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. to start the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 8. Click Modify. In the Type Selector.6. 7. 9. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 . 11. In this exercise. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems.10.

lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. In this exercise. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Grid datasets. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . but they can also be angular and radial. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. elevation. You can change a grid number at any time. s s In the view window. The exact length is not critical. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. The exact location is not critical. and section views. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. and walls.Structural . This is a common step early in designing a large building. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. as shown. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. In plan views. 2. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Pull the cursor straight up. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. click in the lower left to start a grid line. beams. click Grid. The numbering automatically increments. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Datum panel.

Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. 4. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 .3. Click to start another grid line.

Click to start a grid line.5. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". The new grid line is number 5. close to the heads. Enter A at the keyboard. Repeat to create grid line 4. click Copy. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. 7. s Select Grid Line 2. Pull the cursor to the left. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble.Structural . Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Press ENTER. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. The new grid line will be number 3. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Grid 3 is already the selection set. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. click to place the grid line. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Pull the cursor to the right. Press ENTER. 6.

The Grid tool is still active. Change the number to 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click to place the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.1. On the grid line. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.1 is still selected. s Select grid 2. This completes the main grid.8. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click Copy. 9. Structural s 417 . This grid line will be number B. 11. 10. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Grid 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.

s Click to start the grid line. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Click to place the grid head. Change the number to EE. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Draw panel. Revit will convert this to 15'-0".Structural . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Options Bar. Create panel. On the Draw panel. Press ENTER. click Radius. On the Options Bar. 4. click Grid.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. enter 15. set Offset to 15'-0". On the Home tab. Zoom to Fit. Click in the new grid bubble. click Pick. In the Radius field. select Center-Ends Arc. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. s s Click grid intersection D3.000 o . 3. The Grid tool is still active.

Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. You will need to identify it easily. 6. Drag it down below the radial grids. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. 7. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Structural s 419 . Click to place grid FF. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line.5. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.

000. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.8. s Click grid intersection D3. 11.Structural . s 10. Press ENTER. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s In this exercise. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Mirror .rvt. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Revit will create grid 32. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Pick Axis. Enter 31 to change the name. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom to Fit. Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 3. click Create Similar. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 31.

2. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structure panel. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. click Column > Structural Column. s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s 3. Now you place columns at grid intersections. As a result. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. This is a steel column. In the Type Selector. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. s Use a column grid to place beams. Structural s 421 . you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. you typically create a grid.

A. set Height to Level 3. 3. click At Grids. B. C and D. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s s On the Options Bar. 5. On the Multiple panel. In the Multiple panel. 2. 6. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. click Finish. 4. 4.Structural . Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.

On the Multiple panel. 2. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. columns. click Finish. and beams will move to the right. The grid. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Structural s 423 . On the Multiple panel. Window-select all the grid lines. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click On Grids. Click Grid 1. click Beam. 5. 3. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Zoom to Fit. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 4.

3. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Quick Access toolbar. 6. 4.Structural . 1. window-select all the columns. Open the Default 3D view. click Undo. On the Multiple panel. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. In the view window.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 2. Click Redo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click Finish. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. click Isolated. click At Columns. Columns and beams will move to the right. click No.

s On the Properties palette. The footing changes size. Click OK. 7. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Press ESC to clear the column selection. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. in the Type Selector. To change the size of the footing. A warning displays. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Structural s 425 . To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 6. Select the footing at the base of the extended column.5.

s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural . Save and close the file. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. s Added footings to columns. s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. In this exercise.

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.

Column b. s Place beam systems. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place braces.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Change a grid layout. Brace c. All of the above. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. True b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Beam d. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Add footings to columns. 2. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Questions 1. s Use a column grid to place columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.

You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. d. 2. b. a. 5. Select a beam type and define the system layout. you: a. When placing columns or beams.Structural . Use grid lines and grid intersections. Pick points. you can: a. a. Stretch b. 3. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To change the height of a column. d. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you use: a. True b. b. c. A but not B. Properties c. c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. All of the above. If you relocate a grid line. A and B. True b. Flip Orientation d. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. False 4. Select the type of beam or column to place. To create a beam system.

Director. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Copyright s 431 . PE .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Teacher. WI Roger Dohm . International Technology Education Association www. Starkweather .org Project Lead the Way.Instructor. Randy Dymond.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .iteaconnect.Executive Director. Inc. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Smith .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Ltd. Milwaukee. South Division High School. Poway. Mathematics. Susan Harrington .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Poway High School. CA Ronald A Williams.

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