Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls.

and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. stairs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . windows.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and 3D views. roofs. furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.Software Tools . elevation. floors. section. You can add building elements in plan. Other building elements such as doors.

windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. the other will move as well. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the illustration shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. If one is moved. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .

Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.

Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and math standards. s Constrain placement of objects. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. and Language Arts. engineering. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Place a predefined Mass family. Technology. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab.

roofs. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . quickly. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.Software Tools . There are mass families available to load into a project. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. walls. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. size. and then converted into building components such as floors. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and curtain systems. such as distance requirements from roadways. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. you can create in-place masses. A designer. owner. or masses. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Masses can be edited in many ways.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. masses. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Explain the use of dimensions. legends. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). and math standards. technology. engineering. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Annotation includes text notes. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. tags. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and symbol heads.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited. Each symbol family file (*.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. and permanent dimensions for annotating.Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. or angular.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Open and use ribbon tabs. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and math standards. Engineering. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Work with tool buttons. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Technology. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Options Bar. the Type Selector. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science.Software Tools . s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. technology. engineering.

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Some commands will not be active (that is. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Its position is fixed. Display and Navigation s 31 . they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. and rooms. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. for instance. beams. doors. windows.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. The ribbon sits above the drawing window.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

columns. trusses. Display and Navigation s 33 . The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. symbols. and foundations. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. braces.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. and text. detailing. slabs.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

copy/paste.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and inquiry.Software Tools . materials. Context tabs display as you work. and parameters. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print. and Close.Software Tools . Save. This menu has file management tools such as New. Open. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. Legends. families. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sheets. with four elevation markers visible. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules. and groups. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser.Software Tools . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.

Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. rendering (in 3D views). cropping. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. shadow display. A check mark indicates it is visible. visual style. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. level of detail. and a selection filter counter at the far right end.Software Tools . To toggle the Project Browser on/off. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. sun settings.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. View Control Bar View scale. Windows panel on the ribbon.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. To change the scale of a view. Display and Navigation s 43 .

It enables you to switch between Wireframe.Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges. Shaded.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. which can be according to the view. or by global location. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. sun and shadow intensity.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 .

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The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Software Tools .Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

along with other display settings.Software Tools . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls. enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.

The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Nine tabs are available: Home. View. Annotate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Insert. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Display and Navigation s 55 . Collaborate. Structure. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. To activate or open a view. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Manage and Modify. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Context Tabs. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. When a context tab is active. If you select items in the view window. Display and Navigation s 57 . the Options Bar may display below it. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. a context tab opens on the ribbon. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Properties Palette. Options Bar. showing options that you can select while you are working.

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Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

Export. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Click a file name to open that file. File Save. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. such as File Open.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and Publish. the application menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. Print. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Display and Navigation s 65 . The application menu contains file management controls. New File.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The completed exercise 4. If you select the menu option. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. or click New > Project from the application menu. On the ribbon. To start a new project. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. make the Home tab active. Do this for other tabs. After you have examined each of them. 3. 2. The panel titles display under the tab titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Navigation s 67 . click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1.

you opened a project file. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.Software Tools . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. In this exercise.5. Close the file without saving. Icons for panels display below tab titles. and then viewed. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. 6. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.

Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. You worked on this file in Getting Started. 2. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. In the Project Browser. The file opens to a 3D view. Exercise 2. Open quick_start_building_elements. doubleclick the view name. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs.rvt.

Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 4. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.Software Tools . Clear Walls and Doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors.3. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. You are selecting everything visible. 5. and windows highlight blue. Click Filter panel > Filter. all the walls. . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 6. 8. 7. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click OK. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click any interior wall. On the Properties palette.

and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Place a door as shown.9. 10. 12. examined the menus and toolbars. Click any door. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 11. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. In this exercise. Display and Navigation s 71 . the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. you opened a project file.rvt. On the Properties palette.

Revit provides floor plan. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. building elements (walls. mechanical equipment). Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. either predefined or user-created. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool.Software Tools . and Language Arts. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . lines. and elevation views by default. To review the list of standards for each lesson. operating settings. s Create a new in-place family. In the exercises. and views. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Math (STEM). ceiling plan. floors). templates.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. schedules. s Load and place component families. Component families include model objects (furniture. You can create sections. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Technology. s Work with Revit families. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and 3D views using the View menu. drafting views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. annotations. System families include levels. display controls. Pan. Engineering. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom.

technology. and math standards.This lesson relates to science. engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

First. Click OK. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Right-click. 2. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. even a small one.Software Tools .Exercise: View Controls A building model. The display changes. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Rightclick in the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Click Zoom to Fit. VG also opens the dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the Annotation Categories tab.rvt. Four elevation markers are visible. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Open Unit2_building_elements. There is no way to see everything in it. is an extensive database. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Visibility 1. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.

Zoom to Fit. Click and drag the cursor as shown. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view.4. On the View Control Bar. Right-click. In the Project Browser. Click Open. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Zoom In Region. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Select the roof outline. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 7. Right-click. click Detail Level. so be sure to select them both. 5. 6. Select Detail Level: Medium. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Enter ZF.

The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 2. View Properties 1.Software Tools . click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Turn off visibility of the elevations. change the Underlay value to None. Click Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. as before. doors and windows are not shown. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Enter VH.8.

Working with Views and Objects s 77 . All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Right-click. Next to View Range. Click OK. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click Rename. For Name. and where the cut plane sits. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. click Edit. 4. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. the ridge is now visible. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.0". By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. enter Roof.3.

5. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Set the time to 9:30 am. 4. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 2. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 3. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shadows On. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Still.Graphic Display Options 1. In the dialog box that opens. select Winter Solstice. In the Presets list. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Accept the location that activates. select Shading with Edges. Open Elevation view South. under Solar Study.Software Tools .

Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update. 6. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. In this exercise.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

and so on. s A system family. In Revit. furniture. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. This exercise illustrates how you locate. standard families. You add closet doors to interior walls. Open Unit2_views. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. or institutional structures. and floors. you open an existing project file. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. doors and windows are dependent on walls). On the Home tab. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. is predefined within Revit.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. walls. There are system families.Software Tools . and place Revit families. Doors are considered standard family entities. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. lights. and families in place. railings. 3. furniture). You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and use a Revit family to place a door. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. load. Build panel. windows. and furniture. or stand-alone (for example. Doors. Additionally. such as levels. windows. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. commercial. floors. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. roofs. These components are called families and there are several different types. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. 2. click Door. and annotations are examples of standard families.

a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Accept the default size. 4. You click to place an instance of the door family. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . It has a number of different sizes defined. and Annotation.rvt. Project files have a file extension of *. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.rfa. s s 6. Click Open. On the Modify | Place Door tab. If you highlight a door family. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Tag panel.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Furniture. Family files have a file extension of *. Locate Double Panel 2. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Click Open. 5. Click the Doors folder. The Door Insertion tool stays active. As you move your cursor near any wall.

8. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. but not strongly. and placed instances of a door family. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Place an instance of the door as shown.Software Tools . simply click it.rvt. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.7. In this exercise. you located. loaded. 9.

Open Unit2_doors_walls. Click OK. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 3. For Name. 5. The required width is not available.rvt. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. and create an in-place family. 4. click Duplicate. Select the double door as shown. In the Type Properties dialog box. you open an existing project file. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. enter 48" x 80". This door needs to be 48" wide.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. modify a door family. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.

click Component > Model In-Place. 1. On the Home tab. Click OK. Click OK. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. enter Hall Clock. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.Software Tools . 3. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 5. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. In the dialog box. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80").6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Properties palette. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 4. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The door updates. For Name. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. is to create a component family in place. Build panel. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 2. select Generic Models. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.

Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . In this exercise. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 9. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 7. loaded. click Rectangle. 10. 11. and placed a door family.rvt. On the Draw panel. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". The family model updates.4" as shown. Revit will display . Click Mode panel > Finish as before. as shown. You have created the base of the clock. Click OK. 8. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).6. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 12.2". 13. you located.0' 2".

Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.Software Tools .

rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.

tab. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. c. b. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. c. s Change view properties. s Change type properties of a family. True b. a. To activate a view: a. depending on the template selected. Turn on Shadows. a. Zoom to an area selected by a right click.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. Either a or b. Zoom to the entire model. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. 7. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Options Bar. True b. s Access. False 3. Go to View > View Name in the menu. and place a family from a library. False 4. The tool shown is used to: a. context tabs. True b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Create a 3D perspective view. Questions 1. True b. False 2. c. b. 6. Right-click. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. s Adjust Visual Style Options. d. d. s Open different views. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. Each project has several predefined views. b. Spin the model in 3D space. False 5. and click Open. d. s Create an in-place model family. s Change view displays. Views can be renamed. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. load. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings.Software Tools .

All of the above. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . In-Place d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Families 11. windows. depending on settings 9. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Blocks c. Multiview b. Parts d.8. Pan and Zoom b. Properties palette 10. A family created within a project is called ________________. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Scroll d. System c. a.) are called: a. Rotate c. Project Browser d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. etc. a. Standard b.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 4. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 6. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create dimension and text styles. s Set project units. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Create a project template. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create dimensions and text. 2. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. 8. s Create labels. 5. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.

92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .org. colors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. and the settings that are preset within them. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. linetypes. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.org. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and so forth.Standards and Building Codes .aias. should be used. Visit the AIAS website at www. and Language Arts. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Math (STEM). defining the layers. Visit the AIA website at www. Explain why templates are used. linetypes.aia. Technology. based on the AIA standards. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. colors. After completing this lesson. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Many cities and counties have their own rules. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

Standards and Building Codes . and one closet. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and so on. one window. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. and so on. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. A garage must be completely enclosed. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. the number being its numerical value. For example. If there is a fire. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. doors. like mechanical drawing. a common area (such as a living room or family room). If it lacks any of these components. it must have at least one door. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. a garage. windows. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. a bathroom. otherwise it is considered a carport. it cannot be called a bedroom. defined and adopted by convention. A unit is a particular physical quantity.

and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. glass. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. in the United States. and other materials. is 169 m. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. However. Here h is the physical quantity. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. is 555 ft. the construction industry still uses the English. also known as the International System of Units. Another method is to apply dual notation. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. its value is expressed in the unit meter.For example. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. such as room size and wall height. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. In architectural drafting. using imperial units.. unit symbol ft.. units are applied to dimensions. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. or imperial. unit symbol m. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth.

Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". sheets. every 1/8" would represent 1'. In Revit Architecture. line weight and pattern.) 8.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H).Scales are ratios. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. one value representing another value. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. and viewports. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Each size is designated by a letter. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.

An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).a modified version of the AIA standard. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. site plan. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create and position views. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. notes Demolition. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. temporary Schedules Sections. and then add a title block or other symbols. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. symbols. elevators.01. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. The integers go from 0 to 9.

followed by information on the building's owner. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Typically. so that the height is less than the width.Standards and Building Codes . It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Usually. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the author of the drawing. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The paper is oriented landscape. For example. that is. the electrician. the HVAC company. The next space is for tracking revisions. annotation plot sizes. and so on. the date drawn. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and other relevant information. drawing scales. The column is divided into sections. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. fonts. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and layer standards.

The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . required symbols. layer settings.in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. and so forth. dimension and text styles.

Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. views. and Language Arts. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. These can be used to build your model. Technology. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and walls. Math (STEM). dimension styles. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. windows.Standards and Building Codes .

This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Open Revit to an empty project file. In the New Project dialog box. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. or store. 3. click New > Project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. On the application menu. click Browse. 2. you create a new project file using a template.Standards and Building Codes . apartments. Select a Template 1. In Revit. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Condominiums. factory. you use templates as starting points. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.

Click OK.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click Open. 5. Select the Residential-Default. On the application menu. In this exercise. saving set up time. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. click Close to close this project without saving. you started a new project file using a standard template. 6. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Settings s 103 .4.

Click to start a new wall. The file opens to a 3D view. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The Wall tool remains active. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. 3.Standards and Building Codes .rvt. Pull the cursor to the right. the drawing setup options are preset. s Place the cursor over the left wall. In this exercise. click Wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. expand Floor Plans under Views. open ADA__Settings. Build panel. In the courseware datasets folder. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. In the Project Browser. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.4. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. s Set Unit symbol to m.) 6. click to start a new wall. 7. 8. Close the file without saving. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. and move the cursor right. Click Format for Length. 5. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Place the cursor over the left wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Settings s 105 .

4. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. enter Big Text. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.Standards and Building Codes . click Aligned. temporary and permanent. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Dimension panel. dimensions not only display. For Name. 1. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. By default. Open ADA_Dimensions. Click OK. or insert components. 3. On the Properties palette. create. there are two types of dimensions.rvt. but also control the size and location of objects. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. click Edit Type. On the Annotate tab. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 2. click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box.

left. Settings s 107 . Drag the dimension to the left of the view. The Dimension tool is still active. 7. and bottom horizontal walls.5. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Click OK twice. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Select the top. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Click to place. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. 6.

Click to place the dimension. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. upper.Standards and Building Codes . 9. Close the file without saving. created a new dimension style. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Note the differences between the two dimension styles. In this exercise. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. you opened an existing file.8. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. The Dimension tool stays active. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls.

These are annotations. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In the datasets folder. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Settings s 109 . There are no annotations visible. In the Project Browser. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. In order to do this. 3. and the view window displays the new plan. 2. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Notice the door and window tags.rvt. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.

1. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 6. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Double-click to open it. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.4. Click OK. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. click Project Information. On the Manage tab. 5. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . select Floor Plan: Level 1. Model Categories tab.Standards and Building Codes . 7. Settings panel. 8. 9. In the Project Browser. Click OK to update the display of this view. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click Rename.

Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. You can also enter the address of your school. click Edit. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Enter the address as shown. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. 2. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Rightclick. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Settings s 111 . In the Value column of Project Address. 2. Click OK.Add a Sheet 1. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 3. Click New Sheet.) 3.

Click Apply. Next.Standards and Building Codes . you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Add a View to the Sheet 1.4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.

Click Activate View. 4. Select Deactivate View. 2. Settings s 113 . Right-click in the view. Right-click. You see the view at the end of your cursor.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select the new viewport. 3. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select Add View to Sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet.

of the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Added a sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. 6. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Finish the move.Standards and Building Codes . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. deselect it. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet.5. The Scale updates in the title block. you: select it. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Place the cursor 7. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Placed a view on the sheet.

you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.5 title block template opens. On the application menu. This is one of the longer exercises. Click Open. Settings s 115 . 4. 2. It opens to the Recent Files window. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.rft. click New > Titleblock. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Start Revit Architecture. Select A-11x8. 3.5. A copy of the 11 x 8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Accept the Sample Value. 14. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. select Drawn By. Save the title block as A . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. 12. 15. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Click Zoom to Fit. click Close.9. Add a label for Checked By. In this exercise. 11. 10. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.Standards and Building Codes . Add a label for Sheet Number. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. s Click Add.rfa. you created a title block using a template file. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location.Landscape. On the application menu. 13. click Save to save the title block. On the Quick Access toolbar. Right-click.

click New to create a new project using the default template. Highlight the title block and click OK. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Your title block is now displayed in the list. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. The title block appears in the graphics window.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 3. 5. Settings s 125 . On the View tab. Insert a Title Block 1. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 4. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Locate your title block. In the Recent Files window. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. and then load a custom title block into your project. you create a new project file. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 2.

enter Student Project Unit 3.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Click OK. Click OK. In this exercise. Settings panel. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. s For Checked By. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 5. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you a created a new project file. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. 4. 3. 2. 6. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. On the Manage tab. s For Drawn By.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the title block. enter your instructor's name. enter your name. click Project Information. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. On the Properties palette.

s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In the New Project dialog box. such as 3D and plan views. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. angles. and then load them like families.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 2. and the units for your custom template. Create a Template In this exercise. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 1. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. On the application menu. you create a new project file. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. There are various settings you can define for your template. settings. and slope angle. select Project Template. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. In this exercise. a dimension style. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and geometry from the template. you define the title block. 3. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. On the Insert tab. including how the rendered image looks. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. click New > Project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . in addition to predefined wall types. Click OK.

Set the units for the template. 10. enter 3/16" Verdana. Open the title block A . Click OK. click Settings panel > Project Units. Next. Click the Length field in the Format column. 6. There will be no visible change.4. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Annotate tab.rfa. 8. On the Manage tab. click Duplicate. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You create a custom dimension style. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Landscape. 7. Click OK twice. create a Dimension Style. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.Standards and Building Codes . 5. For Name. 9.

Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click New Sheet. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. In the Project Browser. Click OK. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. select Sheets (All). 12. 14. 15. On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2.11. Select the A . Settings s 129 . Rightclick.

you created a new template file using a dimension style.rte. and units that you defined. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.16. Click OK. title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. The title block updates. as well as dimension style and units. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. Save the file name as A-English template.Standards and Building Codes . 17. In this exercise. You can use this template for future projects. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

abstract format. or new combinations of existing materials. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry.

An architect b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. a. 1:3 b. Using AIA Standards. dimension styles. s Change dimension colors. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 1:12 c. is defined as what? a. P. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. English c. s Create a text style.Standards and Building Codes . 1:24 d. a. A. A particular physical quantity. s Create dimensions. s Create labels. a. s Create a dimension style. 1:32 5.02 b. s Change lineweight. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create a title block. AIA b. and symbols used in drawing? a. NCSESA 2.05 c.02 d. False 3. True b. s Create a template. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. General Questions 1. S.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. Metric d. A unit 4.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create text. UBC c. NCTM d.

use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. By default. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Application menu > Properties b. To set the units in a project. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. To change the scale of a view. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. True b. you use: a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create a new sheet. a. False 4. dimensions snap to: a. True b. Wall centerlines c. you click: a. Point offsets 3. a. True b. In Revit Architecture. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. False 6. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Wall faces b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Wall midpoints d.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 4.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 5. s Define a wall structure. s Align walls. Lesson Plan 1. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.

and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . separate. their construction and materials. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. and protect its interior spaces. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. After completing this lesson. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.Walls . or filling in between. them. List the different types of occupancy.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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the dimension updates incrementally. 5. indicating wall length. After you create the wall.3. Stud. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Walls s 151 . Enter 10. To modify a dimension. 4. Select the Single Line option.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. but it disappears when you begin another action. It will not print. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Clear the Chain option. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. As you continue to move the cursor. click it to open an edit field. an angular dimension displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. a dashed line displays.Brick on Mtl. Click to set the endpoint. Expand the Type Selector list. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.

On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Click to start the next wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. click Create Similar. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click the wall. Press ENTER. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Select panel. enter 7. Depending on your zoom in the view. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. the controls may sit on top of one another. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. On the View Control Bar. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly.Walls . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. 7. Create panel. 8. click the Detail Level icon. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The wall does not show any internal detail. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Modify to stop placing walls. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side.6.

release the mouse button to set a new length. Make the horizontal wall 8' long.9. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. an alignment line displays. Also. Because you drew the wall from up to down. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Walls s 153 . no matter where you move the cursor. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. 10. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Click Modify. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner.

Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Repeat. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.Walls . When using the Chain option. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 13. 12. Build panel. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Right-click.11. Sketch the walls as shown. 16. click Wall. 15. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. On the Home tab. 14. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This is the same as clicking Modify. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Click Cancel. Select the lower vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls.

Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".18. Clear the Chain option. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 20. 19. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Create Similar again. Walls s 155 . Select the Three Point Arc tool. 17. After clicking the second end. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Modify. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. In this exercise.

align. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.Walls . showing that there are now two separate wall sections. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. 3. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. fillet. Only part of the wall highlights. 4. Both split walls are shown below. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how to split. Click Modify. and extend walls. You now remove the upper right corner. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. 2. trim. you first split the walls at the intersections.rvt from the previous exercise. Split Walls 1. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To do this.

This is how you create rounded wall corners. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). On the Modify | Walls tab. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You can also click the flip control. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Click Fillet Arc. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. On the Options Bar. click Delete.Fillet Walls 1. 4. Enter 5'. Modify panel. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select Radius. If you make a mistake. 2. Select any wall. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Create Similar. 3. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 5. Walls s 157 . Create panel. click Undo and repeat the steps.

Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Walls . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 1.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. The Wall tool is still active. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You align the wall in the next steps. Place an interior wall as shown. select Basic Wall: Interior .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 2.

s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. You can lock the alignment. Walls s 159 . clear Chain. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Pull the cursor straight up. s On the Options Bar. Click to create a wall.4. The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. such as location lines. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.

The length is not critical. Select the two interior walls in turn. 2. 4. This will be the border. 5. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.Walls . Select the vertical wall as shown. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 3. The walls can cross. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 6.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This will extend to the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.

7. In this exercise. align. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. Walls s 161 . fillet. and trim.rvt. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.

and vary in cost. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 2.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Edit Type. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.Walls . Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 1. On the Properties palette. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. satisfy different requirements.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The Modify tool is active by default. 3. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. In the Project Browser.

s Select Finish 1 [4]. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. has a Function you can edit. Walls s 163 . They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Click OK.4. 7. 8. When you are finished. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To edit the structure of the wall. the wall structure should be as shown. s Click the arrow at the right. Add two additional layers to the wall. Click Insert twice. except Core Boundary. For Name. s Click Down twice. click Edit in the Structure value field. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 5. enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Click the number of Layer 3. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click Up. 6. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Every layer of a wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall.

s Set the Material to Wood . 11. 13. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Modify the Function. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s Click the icon that appears at the right. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 10.Stud Layer. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 12.Exterior .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. which displays plan or section views. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".9. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Material to Finishes . select Finishes . Material. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Walls .

15. On the Properties palette.14. expand the Families branch. select Medium. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Click Apply to update the view. In the Project Browser. 17. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Walls s 165 . 16.

19. 20. Close the file without saving. defined a new wall structure.18. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. You opened an existing file. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Right-click 8" Exterior. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. In this exercise. From the Type Selector list. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.

Stud walls as shown. The model opens in a 3D view. for example. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. wood rails. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. a structural mid-section. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.rvt. In this exercise. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Select one of the Exterior . Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . You can define a wall type with these elements. and a decorated interior surface. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.Brick on Mtl. 3. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. such as a weatherproof outside surface. 2.

You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. You can assign different materials to regions. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. either horizontally or vertically.Walls . To split a layer or region horizontally. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 1. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Click Split Region. If not already expanded. into regions. To define the structure of the wall. When you split a layer. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You change the type. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. To split a layer or region vertically. 2. click Edit. 6. You can split regions into other regions. 5.4. in the Structure value field. As indicated in the dialog box title. 8. so all instances of this type change. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. or you will lose your changes. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Wall structures are Type Properties. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 7. In this exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You can set the sample height to any value. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. highlight one of the borders.

Click to split the region into two parts. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click Merge Regions. assign Layer 1. 4. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . since both regions are composed of the same layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. The upper split disappears. 3. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 2. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 1. In this case. Click to merge them. Walls s 169 . Click to merge the two layers.3.Brick layer. When you merge regions. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Prehighlight a border between regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. After merge.

Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. you assign the material Masonry Brick . If you set the split offset down from the top. 1. 3. Change the value to 12. 2. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Press ENTER. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. In the Edit dialog box. to the next parallel line. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Click Insert. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 3. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Click again to return to the original position. To create a new wall layer. The dimension text turns blue.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table.Walls . you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 1. 4. click Modify. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. s Select the split line. After a region is split. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 2. indicating that it is modifiable. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Click the temporary dimension text. instead of down.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Next. Click the arrow to observe the behavior.

Merge Region. It immediately highlights in blue. and Insert Layer tools. because it is now the selected layer. as shown. Walls s 171 .Brick Soldier Course layer. The preview changes appearance. 5. 8. In this exercise. it highlights in blue in the preview window. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Change the Material to Masonry . Click OK. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone.4. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. When a layer is selected in the table. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 6. Modify. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 10. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Close the file without saving. Split Region. It also shows a thickness value. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 7. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Click OK. 9. All walls of this type have been changed.

STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. piping. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. ducting. earth. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and protected. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.Walls . 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and insulation. installed. They also must resist sideways forces from wind.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.Doors and Windows . but also the natural lighting. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. the view. the ventilation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". The height can be no less than 24". ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq.Doors and Windows . An unobstructed opening of 5.

engineering. how to load additional door and window families. you learn how to place doors and windows. move. s Copy windows. This lesson relates to science. windows. Components such as doors. and math standards. technology. and Language Arts. and how to position. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Doors and Windows s 187 . Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and furniture are defined in family files. Engineering. s Center a door in a wall. Some families are loaded into each empty file. and copy these elements. In this unit.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM).

Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. On the Home tab. When placing doors in a plan view. 2. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. To reverse the swing. Once a door is placed. elevation view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. the door swing would be to the left side. This can be done in a plan view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . In other words. Add Doors 1. or 3D view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. click Door. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. To flip the door. 3. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.Doors and Windows . Build panel.

Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. on the Modify | Place Door tab. From the Type Selector list. Select the door Double-Panel 2. except for the Type Selector. 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Doors and Windows s 189 . click Load Family. Click Open. The display does not change. walls. and windows into project files. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.Load Families 1. 3. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. With the Door command active. In order to keep file size small.rfa. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Mode panel. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder.

4.Doors and Windows . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. or by using the swing control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. change a temporary dimension. simply click it and enter the correct value. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. To Doors and Windows s 191 .6. Place instances of single doors as shown. Remember.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.

When placing windows in a plan view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. To reverse the window after performing another operation. From the Type Selector. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. approach the wall from the right side. the outside of the window is to the left side. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Windows have exterior and interior sides. elevation view. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. or 3D view.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. You can place windows in a plan view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. click Window. Open Unit5_doors. click Modify and select the window. 2. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. On the Home tab. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Build panel.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Windows 1.

Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 5. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 4. loaded a door family. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.3. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Window tags do not number in sequence. you opened an existing project.rvt. In this exercise. placed doors. and placed windows. Place seven more windows as shown.Doors and Windows . You do not need to add dimensions.

To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 4. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. s Align and modify walls. constrain it to be centered in a wall. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center.rvt. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. 1. On the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. 3. place a door. and so on. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Dimension panel. click Aligned. wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. window. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. you open an existing project file. 2. and modify the wall.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise.

6. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click it and it changes as shown. the other wall will remain aligned. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click the center of the door. 5. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The walls are now aligned. Click the lock icon to enable it. This means that if one wall shifts. Align Walls 1. Notice the symbol. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 2. The door changes location. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.s s s s Click the left wall. Click the right wall.Doors and Windows . Select the upper wall first.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5. 3. Clear the EQ Display value. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Dimensions display below it. Change the dimension to 16. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Right-click. The walls shift and remain aligned.

Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .6. Right-click. 7. In this exercise.rvt. you placed a continuous dimension. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.

rvt. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. On the Modify | Windows tab. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 4. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 199 . The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 2. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. click Create Similar. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Create panel. 1. especially if there are many different types. Select one of the windows located in the east wall.

4. The window will change appearance. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window is copied. 3. Modify panel. click Copy.Doors and Windows . Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Select the window you just placed.Copy Windows 1. On the Modify | Windows tab. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

Doors and Windows s 201 . Click Zoom to Fit.5.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Right-click. 6.

Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. flat glass is a recent invention. The stability of glass in response to wind. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.Doors and Windows . cold. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

36" c. If a room is used for sleeping. a. s Align a door or window. 28" b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 40" d. 30" c. Custom 3. s Place a window. 32" b. 34" 4. you learned to: s Place doors. s Position a door or window. False 2. s Copy a door or window. a. True b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. Standard b. General Questions 1. 32" d.

Select the door. To center a door or window in a wall. 6. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 2. Click Flip Direction. Select the door. 4. you use ________. Insert d. To change the swing direction of a door: a. True b. you use: a. Load c. True b.Doors and Windows . Use door grips to reposition. Properties 3. Right-click. False 5. you: a. a. True b. d. Copy 8. Clone b. Link c. Duplicate d. The center snap 7. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Modify > Flip Direction. To change the location of a door or window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. A reference plane b. Load from Library b. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Click Door Properties. Offset c. a. Click Door Properties. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Select the door. c. Select the door. a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Door and window tags are placed automatically. d. c.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Modify stair boundaries. 6. (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. s Create railings. Lesson Plan 1. Review stairs and railings. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 4. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.

After completing this lesson. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . stair and railing types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations.

engineering. and math standards. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 .Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. This lesson relates to technology. Engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and Language Arts.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Once the actual riser height is determined. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Then. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.

Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Due to building code. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum.Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38".

or vertical circulation. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. This lesson relates to technology. You can define straight runs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. The riser and run values update accordingly. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels.Stairs and Railings . s Create U-shaped stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You create stairs in a plan view. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. or tread. engineering. In multistory buildings. s Modify stairs. and Language Arts. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. L-shaped runs with a landing.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). U-shaped stairs. ramps. and stairs. For safety reasons. Engineering. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . When you click to establish the start point of stairs. and math standards. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Create stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. and spiral stairs. s Add a railing. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. which includes elevators. Technology. As you move the cursor. of certain horizontal depth or run.

Before you create the stairs.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Stairs and Railings s 217 .Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This file is in metric units. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. you create stairs using a straight run. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.rvt. 3. From the courseware datasets folder. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. On the Properties palette.

These tools are used to define your stairs. 5. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).4. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Run is preselected. you create a straight run. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. Circulation panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. click Stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.Stairs and Railings . Click OK to close the dialog box. On the Home tab. In this case. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs.

To change the run dimension. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. If you have not fully created the run. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. On the Mode panel. You can also enter a distance of 4400. 10. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. select Finish (green check). You can continue to move the cursor up. 7.6. 8. the run footprint stops expanding. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Revit displays the number of risers you created. and then click to define the run of stairs. As you move the cursor up. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. 9. Select this intersection point to start your run. Stairs and Railings s 219 .

Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. In this exercise. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.11.rvt. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 12. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. click application menu > Save As > Project. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. you created and placed a straight run stair. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.Stairs and Railings . To avoid overwriting the original file. 13. and switched to a 3D view. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.

rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Edit panel. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Activate view Floor Plans. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. click Align. The stair is not centered on the landing. On the Modify tab. Level 1. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.

hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. select Wall centerlines. from the Prefer list. which is located at the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. On the Options Bar. You can rotate your model to get a better view. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Click the center of the wall first. Take time to make the selections correctly. The Align command remains active.Stairs and Railings . If you have a scroll mouse. 5. Click the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.4.

even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . s For Name. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 7. Select the stairs. 8. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Graphics. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Change Width to 1350. s Click OK.6. 9. s Click Duplicate. enter Lobby Stairs. Hover the cursor over the railing. railings were created with the stairs. expand Sections (Building Section). As you prehighlight them. and Dimensions subsections. On the Properties palette.

Select both railings.Cherry s s Click Modify.Stairs and Railings . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View.10. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.

Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 13. Mode panel. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view.12. The railings change. you change the shape of the stairs. s Zoom in on the stairs. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Stairs and Railings s 225 . s Select the stairs (not a railing). You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Next. 14. The stair changes to the run sketch. Delete this line. In the Type Selector. click Edit Sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Click it to select it. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top.

17. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s On the Modify panel. click Boundary. To place the second arc endpoint.Stairs and Railings . 18. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. Click to place the arc. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.15. Click Modify. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 19. click the left end of the top riser. 16. On the Draw panel. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the arc boundary you just created.

On the Draw panel. Click CenterEnds-Arc. The left boundary will be mirrored. Next. For the third point. click Riser. First. 20.21. Click to exit the Mirror command. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. This will define a rounded first step. Stairs and Railings s 227 . the arc center point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the left boundary.

You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. click Finish. In this exercise.rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results.22. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . On the Mode panel. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23.

Zoom into the landing area as shown. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Stairs and Railings s 229 .rvt from the previous exercise.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Therefore. Select the right side railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you sketch the plan view path. 3. For simple railings. 2. s s Sketch a Railing 1. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Click Modify. The completed exercise To create a railing. In this case. To make sure you are selecting the railing. This is typically done in plan view. you need to define a path for the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you add a railing to a second floor landing.

4. 5. You do not need to add dimensions. 7. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. To set the exact distance. On the Draw panel. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. select Chain. edit the temporary dimension. click Edit Path. on the Modify | Railings tab. The dimensions are shown as a guide. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Line.Stairs and Railings . s s On the Options Bar. Once the railing is selected. Then. 6. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Mode panel. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.

s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Stairs and Railings s 231 . you used sketch tools to create a railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.rvt. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. 9. Delete your lines and try again. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. 8. In this exercise.

you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. s On the Home tab. s On the Options Bar. Work Plane panel. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.rvt from the previous exercise. set the Offset value to 850.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . In a floor plan view. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. the stairs appear as a U-shape. you create a reference plane. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Create a Reference Plane 1. 2. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.

enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. click Stairs. On the Properties palette. Pull the cursor straight up. Click Edit Type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Circulation panel. Stairs and Railings s 233 . enter Exit Stairs. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. To start sketching the run. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . change the Width parameter to 900. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Dark Gray. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 6.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. For Name. 3. Matte 2. Click OK. Click OK twice. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 4. On the Home tab. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 5.

Click to finish the stair run.Stairs and Railings . 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads).7. Click to place the first run. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Press ENTER. with none remaining to be created. enter 1925. 9. 8. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer to the right. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.

Select the two walls of the stair tower. you select Continue to return the sketch. 2. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. To remove the lines. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. 11. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. If you get an error message. On the Stairs panel. You want to inspect your stairs. it is because you have overlapping lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . but they are hidden behind walls. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the View Control bar. Click Finish Stairs again. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Use Hide/Isolate 1.10. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. click Finish Stairs. Remove the additional lines.

This is a multistory stair. Zoom in to see your stairs. 2. The exterior walls reappear. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. In this exercise. you learned to create a reference plane. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 4. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor.rvt. Reset the Display 1. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.Stairs and Railings . and to create a U-shaped stair. 3. Finally. 6. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the Properties palette. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. On the View Control Bar. Select the stairs so they highlight.3. 5. The walls are now hidden. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators. STEM Connections s 237 . and elevators. ramps.

They cost less. this openness makes them fire hazards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.Stairs and Railings . require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. and deliver riders without wait time. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. but they can also be highly decorative. Include landings as required by your local building code. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. smoke guards. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level.

and all treads should be the same run. General Questions 1. s Modify stair boundaries. 25 degrees b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. a. a. a. 30" b. 40" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 32" c. you learned to: s Create stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . True b. 90 degrees d. b. s Create railings. True b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 180 degrees 3. 45 degrees c. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 36" d. False 2.

riser lines c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Treads. Modify c. Insert 2. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Align Railing d. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can apply materials to different stair components. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Boundary lines. you use the _______ option. that is. True b. Pick New Host b. a. True b. riser d. Rectangle c. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Arc d. Home b. Fasten Railing 5. risers b. False 6. a. risers and treads. a. Railings. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Run. Attach Railing c. Line b. Circle 4. risers 3. a.Stairs and Railings . Manage d. a. To create railings on stairs without railings.

Evaluate Students. (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 6. (Student) 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 8. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Review of roof types. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place gutters. (Student) 3. s Place fascia. (Student) 5. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.

The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and pitch of a sloped roof. gutters. run.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. and downspouts. Calculate the rise. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. After completing this lesson. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. roof types. It addresses roof construction. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Identify the different roof types. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. tiles. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Technology. and math standards. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. Math (STEM). About Roofs s 243 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. technology. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

snow. You can use them for many different applications. and colors. texture. resistance to wind and fire. About Roofs s 245 . Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. These are used more often on upscale homes. and sun. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. durability. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and color. and low maintenance roofing material. durability. the roofing pattern. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. fire-resistant. and sunlight. They come in several types. texture. rot. are designed for shedding water and snow. resistance to wind and fire.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Sloped roofs. maintenance. and color. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. both low and steep. resulting in at least one textured face. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and if visible. the roofing pattern. as well as how effective a shelter it is. brands. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and if visible. maintenance.

s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. When choosing the insulation for your job.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. and require little maintenance. odor. consider such factors as cost. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . galvanized steel. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper.Roofs . choose a type that will suit your needs. treatment for insects. This same roof on a clear. quality. and insulating capability (R-value). galvanized steel. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. zinc alloy. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). reinforced plastic. Therefore. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. and so forth). s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. Unfortunately. durable. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. or corrugated structural glass. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. special characteristics (for example. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. They are fire-resistant. fiberglass. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . run. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.

When designing a roof. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7-12. 7 and 12. 7 on 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.Roofs . try to specify standard roof pitch.

Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. soffits. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. or eaves. dormers. Once you create a roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Create various roof types. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. To create a roof by face. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. To create a roof by the extrusion method. often supporting a gutter. or ice. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Place gutters. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Create a roof fascia. or roof overhangs. and fascia. Roofs s 255 . water. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Create a hip roof. s Assign roof structure and materials. you can add gutters. that convey rainwater to drains. snow. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view.

engineering. technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). and math standards.

the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open ADA_Roofs.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. you create an extruded roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.. 2. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . To create an extruded roof. select the Name option. 3.rvt. 4. In the Work Plane dialog box. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK to continue. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.

s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. s Use the image below for guidance. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. On the Work Plane panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. click Line. Draw panel. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. The section view should display as shown. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Click Open View. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Go To View dialog box. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 2. select Section: Section 1.5. 4. 3. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch.Roofs . 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. click Ref Plane.

5. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. Roofs s 259 . To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. s Click Modify. s Select the new dimension. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using the image below for guidance.

Click OK. 2. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. The name displays when you select the reference plane. On the Mode panel. click Line. 7. Right-click. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. click Finish (green check). enter Horizontal. s On the Options Bar. 1. 4. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. for Name. On the Properties palette. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 3. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. you can label them. click Chain. Click Modify.Roofs . 5. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel.

9. Roofs s 261 .12" type. Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8.

Select the edge of the roof as shown. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This is a two-step process. 1.Roofs . carefully select the far right roof edge. On the Modify tab. click Join/Unjoin Roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. Using the images for guidance. 3. Edit Geometry panel. 2.

open the view Sections: Section 1. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 2. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Select both walls. 3.4. Roofs s 263 . the vertical walls extrude through the roof. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. Select the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. On the Modify Wall panel. However. click Attach: Top/ Base. Trim Walls 1.

The roof now looks correct.Roofs .4. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.rvt. 5. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.

from existing walls. Unit7_first_roof. 3. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Build panel. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 1. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view.rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. On the Home tab. From the drop-down list. The footprint sketch is created at 2. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. so you look straight down as in a plan. In this exercise. Because you are in a 3D view. Click Yes. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. by Footprint. select Garage Roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. a dialog box is displayed. 4. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline.

s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. select the vertical wall on the left. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 7. Use the image below for guidance. click Pick Walls. click Defines Slope. 6. clear the Defines slope option. If you place a line on the wrong side.Roofs . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.5. s On Options Bar. Next. 8. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .0". This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.

Other controls also display. The new roof displays. click Yes. Click Modify. To complete the roof. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Select the right side roof line. It becomes an editable field. Roofs s 267 . Change this value to 6"/12". Click beside the edit box to enter the value. change the value to 6"/12". That value displays next to the slope arrow. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Click the 9"/12" text. By default. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. click Finish. When a roof line is set to slope defining.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. 2. 1. defining lines separately. Select the left slope defining line. 3. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.4. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 5.Roofs . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

4. Roofs s 269 . set the overhang to 1' 0". On the Options Bar. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Clear Defines Slope. Build panel. On Home tab. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click to select them. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 2. To chain-select all of the walls.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.

On the Options Bar. 2. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Roofs . 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click. Zoom into the chimney area. click Rectangle. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset.Create a Roof Opening 1. 3. 4. Using the image for guidance. On the Draw panel. As an alternate. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.

On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. 3. click Yes. horizontal line. The slope indicator displays.Add Slope Lines 1. 6. Roofs s 271 . the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 5. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. select Defines Slope. Select the left lower horizontal line. 4. Click Modify. Select the uppermost. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. 2. Click Finish.

272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . attached walls. and chimney penetration.7. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.Roofs . In this exercise.rvt. 8.

5. 2. 4. 3.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Select Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Create the Roof 1. you create a hip roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Build panel.0". Zoom into the area shown. On the Options Bar. set Overhang to 2' . The file should open to a 3D view. Select the three walls shown in the image.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Roofs s 273 .

Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. 2. Raise the Roof 1. s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.0". Roof sketches must create a closed loop. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 6.7. To close the roof sketch. Click Finish to complete the roof. Right-click the ViewCube. Click OK. 3. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Line tool. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. click Line. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Switch to a 3D View. s s Clear Defines Slope. In addition.Roofs .

Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.2. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Clear Defines Slope. 3. Create a Shed Roof 1. 7. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. On the Draw panel. 2. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 6. Roofs s 277 . 4. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. click Line.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. 5. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown.

12. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 11. Select the lower. Click Modify. Right-click the line. 10. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 13.Roofs . On the Properties palette.8. 9. horizontal line at the front of the roof. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Switch to a 3D view. 17. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint. 15.14. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Click OK. 18. click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16.rvt. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.

On the menu bar. Cutoff Level list. On the Properties palette. Select the Roof. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2.Roofs . You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. select Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. 4. 5. 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Open the Default 3D view. The roof updates. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Activate the view North Elevation.

Select the inner rectangle as shown. Roofs s 281 . Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. To set the slope for the new roof. 8. select Defines Slope. Switch to a 3D View.6. 11. Finish the Roof. 7. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 9. click Pick Lines. On the Options Bar. 10. On the Home tab. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. on the Properties palette.rvt. On the Draw panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Zoom and spin to see your model. 13. 12. In this exercise. set the slope value to 3"/12".

1. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. thereby reducing energy consumption. In the Type Selector. 3. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 2.Roofs . select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .rvt. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Select the main roof over the house.

Click Insert to add a layer. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the roof over the garage. For Name. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Click OK. Select Layer 2 as shown. 5. 2. click Edit Type. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 3. 4. enter Clay Tile.Define a Roof Structure 1. click Edit. Roofs s 283 . click Duplicate. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Structure Value. It is a generic roof type.

Roofs . 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 6. The garage roof displays a pattern. 7. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Click OK.rvt. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 8.s s s In the Materials dialog box. Click OK twice. Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Model.

click Load From Library panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rfa. In the Open dialog box. Click Open. On the Home tab. In this exercise. 2. On the Insert tab. click Roof > Fascia. 4. to support a gutter. 3. or for decoration. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Roofs s 285 .

s Click OK to exit the dialog box. click Edit Type. Matte. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6.Roofs . for Profile. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.Paint Finish Ivory. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Set the Material value to Metal . For Name.5. Click Duplicate.

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise. 9.

For Name. Click OK. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . under Profile parameter. Under Material parameter. s Click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Metal Aluminum. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. On the Home tab. 3. The file should open to a 3D view. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. The completed exercise 4.Roofs . click Edit Type. Place Gutters In this exercise. 5. 1.Bevel: 5" x 5". 2. you add gutters to a building. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 6. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. click Roof > Gutter. select Gutter .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.rvt.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 8. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.rvt. If you click the interior face. Roofs s 289 . 10. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 11. In this exercise. 9. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.7. Segments will clean up at corners. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. you attached gutters to a roof.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.Roofs . heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s Using your own house.m. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

a. When referring to roof slope. General Questions 1. None of the above 3. False 2.Roofs . True b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Shed 4. Hip c. Gambrel d. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Medium c. High d. s Define a roof structure.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Low b. True b. a. Gable b. the run is always 12. s Place gutters. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. s Place fascia.

Activate Slope 9.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 7. 10. False 5. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. extrusion. Face 3. b. Change the direction of the roof. True b. Footprint b. Create an opening. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Slope c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Material 8. To add a slope to a roofline. pick d. DEL d. Create Slope d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Turn slopes on or off. Change the direction of the slope. extrusion. c. Sketch c. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Footprint b. face b. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. TAB b. True b. Cut/Lengthen c. Extrusion d. a. a. Expand/Contract 6. a. profile. you use: a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Walls. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Footprint. profile 2. Add Slope b. d. Roofs can be created using ______. a. sketch. A compound roof contains layers. Sketch. ______ or _______. place a check mark next to: a. lines c. a. ENTER 4. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Trim/Extend b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Walls d. True b. SHIFT c. Footprint. Defines Slope c.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create slope annotations. s Create a section view. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3.

Sections are used to examine the roof. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. bathrooms.Sections and Elevations . you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. the location of special equipment. and special equipment. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In a residential building. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. In a commercial structure. cabinetry. and tool racks. After completing this lesson. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. the kitchen. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. floor.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.

and math standards. Math (STEM). Technology. engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. technology. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. across its narrower dimension. t Cross or transverse sections. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.Sections and Elevations . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. framing. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. and foundation plans. on the long axis of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and are properly cross-referenced.

such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary. and steel. partial. full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s The position relationship between different elements. For larger elevations. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. such as doors and windows. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations . 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

this is reversed. people. shadows. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. and so forth. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. East. cars. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. The size of the object is listed first. the titles assigned (North. Unnecessary Information Shades. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. quantity. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. and then the name of the material. With interior elevations. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north." Mfr. For a wood structure. Therefore. South. bushes. You may. however. or methods of installation.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. For siding. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. For example. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built.

Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. windows. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. and special equipment such as toilets.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. other openings. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". It may have curves. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. flush overlay. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. or a baseboard. or decorative patterns. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. tile. or MDF. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. which is a formed pressboard.Sections and Elevations . and other appliances. shelf arrangements. dishwashers. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Molding is usually made of plaster. coving. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and lip. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. This is more costly than regular overlay. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. The trim is usually glued into place. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Molding is normally decorative in nature. and materials used. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". This is usually done using a topset. and types of finish materials used. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. casements. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. wood. chamfers. It can also be used around doorways and windows. or linoleum) and the wall. doors. Hinges are concealed. doors and direction of door swings. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling.

Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Change the section head. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create an interior elevation. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Add slope annotations. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.

To review the list of standards for each lesson.Sections and Elevations . Technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. A section is a horizontal view. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. technology. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and math standards. like an elevation. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . engineering. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Math (STEM). Once created.

For example. or other section view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. Sections and Elevations s 307 .Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.

you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.

So. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Once you create the detail section. s Add breaklines as needed. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. such as anchor bolts and siding. In the example shown. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. tracing over the existing elements. s Add structural details. s Add detail notes. In a set of construction documents. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Details are crucial for effective construction. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 .

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

3. Open the file ADA_Sections. 4. click Section. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Create panel.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. The Section command is available from the View tab. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The completed exercise 6. On the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Create a Section View 1. The file opens to a 3D view. 2.rvt.

s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. 3. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. On the Properties palette. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop.Sections and Elevations . s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. This is called the crop region. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The actual location is not critical. Section Properties 1. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and it has control grips to resize it. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 2. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. With the section line selected. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.

you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.4. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). In the Properties palette. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. In this exercise. The view is listed in your Project Browser. you automatically created a section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The section view updates. 7. 6. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. Sections and Elevations s 313 . When you drew the section line.rvt.

The view does not change. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Select Section Head-Open. Settings panel. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. enter Open Arrow.rfa. 7. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Several section head families are available. and Section Head . click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 6.Sections and Elevations . On the Insert tab. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Load Family. For Name. Click Open to load the family. Click OK. Section Head .Filled. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.1 point Filled.No Arrow. 4. Load from Library panel. 3. They include Section Head . On the Manage tab. click Duplicate. 5. In this exercise.

Click Duplicate. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. For Name. Click OK. Click OK. select Open Arrow. The section head updates to the new head type. Save as Unit8_section_open. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 12. 11.rvt.Open. In the Section Tag field. 9. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. For Section Head. enter Open Arrow.8. click Edit Type. Select the section line. select Section Head . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 10. 13. 14. In this exercise. On the Properties palette.

Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 5. Use the image below for guidance. Create panel. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. click Callout. On the View tab. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 3. 4.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .rvt. select the border of the callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. On the Options Bar. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. This is a building section. 6. To reposition the callout head. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 2.

region patterns. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. but not strongly. On the Annotate tab.7. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. 1. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt. On the Properties palette. On the Options Bar. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. click Region > Filled Region. detail components. Sections and Elevations s 317 . as shown. On the Draw panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 2. 8. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. select Chain. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. You can add detail lines. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Detail panel. 4. 3. Line is selected automatically. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.

You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. enter Earth. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 7. Click OK.5. On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.Sections and Elevations . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click Modify. For Name. Select the upper and right side lines. 6. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Click Open. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK. On the Annotate tab. 9. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Finish (green check). 3. If you zoom in closer.Section. Detail panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. click Load Family. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Sections and Elevations s 319 .rfa. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Detail panel. On the Mode panel. From the Fill Pattern list. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. 1. 2. click Component > Detail Component. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.8.

5. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. From the Type Selector.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.

You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8. From the Type Selector. select Plywood. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Using the image below for guidance.6. From the Type Selector list. 7. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Sections and Elevations s 321 .

This component represents the subflooring. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. set the Thickness to 3/4". On the Properties palette. 10. Select the vertical plywood. 12.Sections and Elevations . Use the image below for guidance. Place the component similarly to the image below. 11. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector. select anchor bolt.9. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Click Modify. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.

Click Modify. select Multiple. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Use the image below for guidance. select Lap Siding. select Copy. 14.13. From the Type Selector. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Sections and Elevations s 323 . On the Options Bar. Add another Detail Component.

16.15. Start at the end of the siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.Sections and Elevations . select Wide Lines. click Detail Line. Save the file. Add Detail Lines 1. 2. From the Line Style Selector.

Sections and Elevations s 325 . click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 5. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 4.3. Zoom out.

Save the file. 7. On the Annotate tab. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. select the Material field in row 3. identified as Wall material 1. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Right-click. Next. Click Modify. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. Add Insulation 1. 2. Select the wall so it highlights. The wall display updates. you show the gypsum board in the wall.6. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box.Sections and Elevations . Detail panel. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click Edit in the Structure field. 9. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. click Insulation. 8.

Sections and Elevations s 327 . Detail panel. 1. click Component > Detail Component. select Break Line. 3. Your view should resemble the image shown. On the Annotate tab.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. From the Type Selector. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.

Save the file. Click Zoom to Fit. 7. 5. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). You place another breakline. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. and detail components to it. The Detail Component tool is still active. To complete the detail. In this exercise. detail lines. The view should resemble the image shown. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides.Sections and Elevations .4. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Place the breakline as shown. 6. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise.rvt. 2. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The size of the object is listed first. The border around the view will disappear. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. quantity. or methods of installation. s Clear Annotation Crop. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. 3. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. With nothing selected in the view. weatherproofing. To add notes. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 1.

Move the pointer up 11. 12. insulation. 7. As you pull your cursor to the right. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.4" WEATHERING. click Text. leader arrow as shown. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. R13. From the Type list. Finally. 9. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.4.Sections and Elevations . On the Format panel. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 5. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Text panel. click Two Segments. On the Annotate tab. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 8. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 10. 6. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .

Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 18. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. 17. Sections and Elevations s 331 .C. 14. . Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. is an acronym for On Center. 20. or wood treated with preservative against rot.13.C. Enter 5/8" GWB . Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the floorboard. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 19.. 16. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.TYPE X. 15. Start the next text at the interior wall.C.C. O. as the second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.

Sections and Elevations . 23. Click Modify. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 22.. In this exercise. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click Zoom to Fit.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.rvt. Click ENTER to start a second line. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 21. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Note: CONC signifies concrete.

you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click Open. 2.rvt. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Locate the A-Landscape. highlight Sheets.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click New Sheet.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 3. In the Project Browser. you will want to add the views to a sheet. 6. Sections and Elevations s 333 . In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Right-click. and locate the detail view on it. 4. or elevation view. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. section. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. click Load. The new sheet becomes the current view. 5. Highlight your title block.

Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. click Hide Crop Region. close to the crop border. 9. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Both Level ends will move together. select view Detail at Foundation. Click the control at its left end. click Show Crop Region. In the Project Browser. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Select a Level Line. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.Sections and Elevations . Drag it to the right.7. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. On the View Control Bar. 8. On the View Control Bar.

enter S. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Click Rename. s Modified the label values in the title block. For Name.301. 12. highlight the new sheet. 13. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. 11. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Right-click. In this exercise. you: s Created a new sheet. Click OK. For Number.10. In the Project Browser.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.

You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Click Zoom to Fit. s Set the display for building components as needed. Open ADA_Elevations. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Add any necessary dimensions.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. The elevation markers are now visible. 4. 6. When you create a project with a template. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 2. It is defined by the green dotted line. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Click the Annotations tab. east. Click OK. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. south. Right-click.Sections and Elevations . 3. 5. 2. and west. s Add slope indication for roof. s Add material notes. Select Elevations. four elevation views are included: north.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture.

clear Planting. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Annotations tab. 4. On the View Control Bar. On the Modelling tab. 5. 3. Sections and Elevations s 337 .2. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. clear Sections. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Next.

Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 12. In the Type Properties dialog box.Sections and Elevations . Select the wall. It will be identified as Condo . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 10. click Edit Type.Exterior Stucco. click to open the list. Select Sand. Click Zoom to Fit. In Surface Pattern. modified its display. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes.rvt. you activated an elevation view. Click the button that displays to select a material. select Edit in the Structure field. In this exercise. 9. 11. 8. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7. On the Properties palette. 13. and modified the wall display characteristics. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.

Add a note for the stone wall. 2. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. or methods of installation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 3. Add a note for the foundation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Enter TX. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 5. Set the Leader type to One Segment. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. The size of the object is listed first. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 4. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. In the Type Selector. quantity.rvt.

8. 9. In this exercise. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 7. Add a note for the exterior stucco.6.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the brick wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt.

enter 1/8". 6. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 1. click Spot Slope. 4. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Click to select the roof line.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Dimension panel. 5. 2. Sections and Elevations s 341 . On the Options Bar. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. select Triangle. from the Slope Representation list. Click again to locate the slope indicator.rvt. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. 3. For Offset from Reference.

342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. 10. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 11. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. On the Annotate tab. Click to locate the slope indicator. Click Modify. click Aligned. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.7.Sections and Elevations . Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to select the roof line. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Dimension panel.

you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . and dimensions for clarity.12.rvt. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. 14. leaders. 13. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. and vertical dimensions. slope indicators. The west elevation now contains material notes. To create a continuous dimension as shown.

or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.rvt. kitchens.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. and cabinetry. Click Find Referring Views. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. In this exercise. special closets. 3. This view was already defined in the drawing. equipment rooms. Click Open View. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. dimensions. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. In the Project Browser. Highlight the view. Right-click. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.

You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. Click the value field for Units Format 8. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. In the Name box. Select Suppress 0 Feet. s s s s Click Duplicate. Dimension panel. 6. Clear Use Project Settings. Sections and Elevations s 345 . This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. click OK. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 5. Right-click.4. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 7.

and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Using the Text and Dimension tools.9. In this exercise. You modified a dimension style. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. detail the interior section. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . 10.rvt.

False 3. General Questions 1. 2. Not in Concrete b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Show the relationships between elements. The direction the structure is facing. is always the true orientation. Cabinetry d. it depends.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. All of the above 5. Not in Contract c. such as north. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create material annotations. Walls c. 4. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create filled regions. s Create a section view. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. All of the above. c. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. a. d. True b. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Indicate the location of doors and windows. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The orientation of the exterior elevation. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Nobody in Charge d. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Either one. b. s Create slope annotations. c.

a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . East b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. but not a 6. True b. On the View tab. c. Which elevation is it? a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. South d. Sun and Shadow b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. West c. The detail level of the view. d. False 5. 4. b. c. Right-click. The height of the view.Sections and Elevations . Element properties c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The dotted line indicates: a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Click Add View. North 3. b. True b. b and c. The Visual Style of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. False 2. click Sheet Composition > View. The boundaries of the view. d. you use: a. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. a.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 3.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. s Export a schedule. Review Schedules. 6. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 2. s Load a schedule tag.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson.

Math (STEM). and math standards. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and thickness. Technology. About Schedules s 351 . about the building objects in your architectural plan. To review the list of standards for each lesson.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. width. height. Engineering. technology. such as reference number. Some of these building objects include. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.

However. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.Schedules . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Instance. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. depending on the style of the architectural firm. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. There are different types of schedule tables. the same primary information is included. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.

About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

these tags can be placed automatically or manually. E for electrical. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedules . Other letters are P for plumbing. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. hexagon. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Using the software. Like schedules. A circle. and A for appliances. The following image shows door. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. window. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. However.

equipment. technology. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. rooms. Schedules s 355 . Project templates include preset schedules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. windows. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Technology. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. materials. and math standards. engineering. s Add room tags. s Create a room schedule. s Export a schedule. Math (STEM). drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. hardware. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and you can create your own schedules. and Language Arts. Schedules list items such as doors.

Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Window_Schedules.rvt.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.Schedules . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals. 2. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.

4. Height. Level. Type Mark. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 3. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 6. 7.s Window Tag 5. and Width. Select Windows from the list. Continue to add fields to the schedule. select Comments. On the View tab. Schedules s 357 . Click Add. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Add Count. In Available Fields. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box.

Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. from left to right.Schedules . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.8. 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

1.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Schedules s 359 . 2. but without any useful calculations yet. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Select Blank Line. select Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. From the Sort By list.

in this case). click the schedule name. On the Properties palette. select Level. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In order to calculate the total number of windows.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. clear Itemize Every Instance.Schedules . 4. Notice how the schedule has changed. Rather than make a manual calculation. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 1. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. In the Project Browser. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. click Edit. for Sorting/ Grouping. you can have the schedule report this. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in the Then By sorting field. 3.

This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. select Footer. select Title. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Set the schedule to display category totals. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. click Edit 7. 6. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Count.rvt. On the Properties palette. From the list. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Schedules s 361 .5. for Sorting/ Grouping. The totals for each window type now display. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. In this exercise. and Totals.

Schedules . 3. click Room > Room. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Room & Area panel. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Click Open. occupancy. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. floor type. On the Home tab. ceiling type.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 2.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. In this exercise. based on the amount of space in each room. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Room size. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 4. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Locate the file named Room Tag. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 5. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.

Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 6. Schedules s 363 . and in the hall as shown.In the Type Selector. 7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Room & Area panel. click Room > Room Separation Line. 8. On the Home tab.

The room tag updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. An edit box activates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. click Room.9. 12. Click Modify. s Click the Room text. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Select Room #2.Schedules . On the Room & Area panel. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 11. 10. 13. s Change the word Room to Manager. The area value for Room 7 updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The cursor changes to sketch mode.

14. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. In this exercise. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. On the Properties palette. s Added a room separation. s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. for Name. s Tagged various objects. 15.rvt. you: s Loaded a room tag. Schedules s 365 .

Schedules . On the View tab. 6.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Create a Room Schedule 1. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. For Name. 3. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab.rvt. 4. 2. and Area to be included in your schedule. enter Square Footage Report. select Number. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Set the Sort By value to Number. The completed exercise 5. In the Available Fields pane. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Create panel. Name. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click Add--> after each selection. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Title and Totals from the list. Select Grand Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. 9. 8. 10. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places.7. Highlight the Area field. Click OK. s Select Calculate Totals. Change the Heading to No. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right. clear Use Project Settings. s Click Field Format. In the Format dialog box. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Number field. Click the Formatting tab.

In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.Schedules . s Totaled one of the columns. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.11. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.rvt.

Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. The file is created. 6. Click OK. 3.txt) file. 2. 4. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Note the formatting that has been applied. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Schedules s 369 . Using your Windows Explorer. Click Save. you export the room schedule to a text file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. locate the file you created. On the application menu. Double-click it to open it. You can then use this file in other applications. 5. Browse to a directory to save your report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.rvt. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.

In this exercise.7.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 8. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.

Questions 1. s Load a schedule tag. s Place a schedule tag. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. 2. A list of sheets used in a project. c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Matrix d. None of the above. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. a. True b. s Export a schedule. False 4. Instance 3. a. you learned to: s Create a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A list of information that defines specific building objects. What is a schedule table? a. True b. d. Quantity c. s Reformat a schedule. b. Type b.

Annotate b. Application menu d. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . XLS c. a. TXT b. To export a schedule. a. use the ____ . CSV d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Modify 2. View c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Home d. Manage tab 3.Schedules . Annotate tab b. View tab c.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 3. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 2. Lesson Plan 1. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Review Visualization. 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students.

s Export a walkthrough. Finally. or camera on a path. s Export an FBX file. s Create a raytrace rendering. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Play a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Technology. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Engineering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Visualization . you create a walkthrough. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Add planting components. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Orient walls and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Place a camera. s Assign materials. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Math (STEM). You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. and Language Arts.

Click Zoom to Fit. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. You worked on animations.rvt. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. To prepare your model for rendering. courseware datasets. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. s s 2. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Open Unit2_custom_family. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Assign materials.

Visualization . click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 4. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium.3. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select any exterior wall. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Right-click. Select one of the exterior walls. The walls now display layers of materials. 6. Stud. The wall display updates. 5.

10. Select Site: Grass. Select the toposurface object.7. Click OK. Right-click. Repeat the process for the windows. Open the Default 3D view. Select walls. On the Properties palette. you can: s s s 9. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Click Change wall's orientation. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. In addition to using the control arrows. Visualization s 377 . 8. select the icon at the right of the Materials field.

rvt. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. On the application menu. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. 2. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. for Files of type. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 12. This will filter the file list. and click Open. Note the file location.Visualization . click Import > Import. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Save the file as Unit10_Export.FBX). Export the Model to FBX 1. Open 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Select the file name. click Export > FBX. Select the Roof. Depending on your system resources. Click OK in any notices and warnings. select Autodesk (*. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 3. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. you have completed this exercise.11.

Note the file location. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Open or return to Revit. click Next. open Unit10_Export. If necessary. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 3. 2. There is no way to update it from Revit. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Visualization s 379 . The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1. Close the file without saving. On the application menu. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file.4. you have completed this exercise. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design.rvt. Depending on your system resources.

Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 9. 6. Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. If necessary.rvt. In the File Link Manager .max. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 5. 8. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.Visualization . Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. click File. open Unit10_Export. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Open. 7. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Select two windows as shown. Close the File Link Manager. click References > File Link Manager. click Attach This File.4. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Visualization s 381 . In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Open the 3D view. 13. Save the file. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". On the application menu. Save the export file using the same name as before. 11. The windows have updated.10. 12.

Visualization . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Close the File Link Manager. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. In this exercise. Open the Files tab. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Oriented walls and windows. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed. s Changed a material definition. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. The linked file updates. 15.14. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click Reload. Open the File Link Manager. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.

The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. add plantings to the model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Open the Site view. 3.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Open Unit10_Export. On the View tab. as shown. 2.rvt. Visualization s 383 . change materials. If you place the camera too close to the model. you place a camera in a model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. In this exercise. Place a Camera 1. click Camera. Create panel. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. and create a second rendering. generate a rendering.

click Show Rendering Dialog. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Right-click. Open the Site view again.Visualization . 5. On the View Control Bar. The camera will be visible. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 2. Click Show Camera.4. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Very Few Clouds. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. The camera perspective view opens. If necessary. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Return to the perspective view. 7. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 6. Render Setup 1.

Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Model Site panel. Click Render. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Output Settings. On the Massing & Site tab.3. Enhance the Model 1. 3. 2. and Lighting. Visualization s 385 . s Click Render. Open the Site view. Open view 3D View 1.30' approximately as shown. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. click Site Component. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Accept the default settings for Quality.

2. 4. On the Properties palette.Visualization . 5. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field. 6. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. select Roofing .4. In the Materials list. Select the roof. Select an exterior wall. click OK. Change Materials 1. Click Edit in the Structure field. The model displays in the view. click Show the Model. click Save to Project. In the Save to Project dialog box. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click Edit Type. click Edit Type. Revit places the image in its own view. In the Rendering dialog box. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Rendering dialog box. 3. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Properties palette.Wood Shake.

Click Replace. 9.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.10. Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Edit in the Structure field. 7. Select the icon next to Masonry . 8. Visualization s 387 .

Visualization . s Generated and captured a second render image. 16. click Save to Project. 12. s Created a raytrace setup.rvt. 14. 13. s Generated and captured a render image. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. In this exercise.11. s Placed site planting components in the model. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Brick Uniform Running Brown. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 15. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Edited materials in model components. In the Rendering dialog box. click Render. Select Masonry . The new image is placed in its own view. Click OK. Save the file as Unit10_render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.

Visualization s 389 . and exported individually. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s On the View tab. s Right-click again. 3. Open floor plan view Level 1.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open Unit10_render. rendered. Click Zoom Out (2x). click 3d View > Walkthrough. click to the left of the model as shown. s View the animation in a media player.rvt. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Create panel. or walkthroughs. in a project model. along the path can be viewed in different modes. or frame. The camera and path can be edited. Click Zoom to Fit. 4. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Each view. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. 2. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. To place a key frame. s Edit the camera and path. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. In this exercise. s Right-click.

Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 6.Visualization .5. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Walkthrough panel. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 9. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Edit Walkthrough. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Drag it to the left. 8. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. click Finish Walkthrough. 10. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Select the direction control for the camera. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7. 11. The camera is located on the final key frame.

Click Open. 13. The path displays control dots at key frames. select Path. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. click Next Key Frame. Drag the path away from the model as shown. 3.12. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. On the Walkthrough panel. If camera positions distort. Click Edit Walkthrough. From the Controls list. Check the view in several key frames. Visualization s 391 . Edit the Walkthrough 1. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 2.

392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Length/Format dialog box.Visualization . Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click Save. Click Play.rvt. File Name.Play the Walkthrough 1. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Click OK. Export the Walkthrough 1. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 2. 4. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Revit generates the external AVI file. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 2. On the application menu. The walkthrough plays in the view window. click OK. notice where you save the file. 3. In the Video Compression dialog box.

Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Visualization s 393 .5. 6. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.

If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file.7. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization .

s Play a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Place a camera.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 2. s Add planting components. Demolish 2. Questions 1. True b. View > Shading d. Save As > FBX c. Print to File b. s Apply shading to a view. you use: a. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Export an FBX file. Split b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Orient walls and windows. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. you use: a. Flip Orientation d. a. a. s Export a DWG file. s Create a raytrace rendering. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. a. Export > FBX 3. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. True b. False Summary/Questions s 395 . True b. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Align c. s Export a walkthrough. s Assign materials.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. Lesson Plan 1. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. beams and braces. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. and braces. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. beam systems. foundations. In the following exercises. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. beams. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 5. 2. Review structural columns.

Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.Structural . beams.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural . 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Knowing where structural members.

Structural s 401 . Place columns and beams on grids. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Place beam systems and braces. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Create column grids.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. and Language Arts. After completing this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Technology. Engineering.

In residential construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate .Hide Category. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. spans without walls. 3. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. or concrete. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. beams can be steel.Structural . The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. or reinforced concrete. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. They come in types defined by size and shape. wood. In this exercise. Open Deck Framing. Beams connect columns or walls. wood. this is known as post and beam construction. As with columns. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. often mainly glass. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. On the View Control Bar. 2. click Column > Structural Column. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Structural columns can be steel. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Select a floor. 1. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck.

select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 5. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 3A. Structural s 403 . Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 7. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". On the Options Bar. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the View Control Bar. 6. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. click Depth. and 4B. In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click the edge of the right floor to select it.4. 8. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.

9. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 11. rail. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Place Beams 1. Right-click. Click OK. In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Zoom in so you can see the deck. 2. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. and columns clearly.Structural . 10. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click Hide In View > Element. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Open Plan View Deck Framing.

select Chain.3. In the Type Selector. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Options Bar. click Beam. 4. 5. On the Structure tab. s In the view window. Structure panel. Click.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. 7.Structural . On the Properties palette. Click. Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.

s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors.rvt. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click OK. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Structure panel. On the Properties palette. click Make Wall Bearing. Click on grid intersection B4. If a Warning dialog box that opens. 9. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. as shown. click Beam. Click. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. In this exercise. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.8. 12. Structural s 407 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 11. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Save the file as Deck Beams.

The completed exercise 5. distance. click No. Place Beam Systems 1. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. 4. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Open Deck Beams. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. s Place braces.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders.rvt. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Structural . click Sketch Beam System. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structure panel. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. On the Structure tab. 2. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Click the beam on Grid 1. 3. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. click Pick Supports. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. or number of beams in a bay. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. you: s Place beam systems. click Beam System. In this exercise.

Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. as shown. On the Draw panel. click Line. 7. Draw a line on the face of the wall.6.

s s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. 11. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . click Finish (green check). Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. On the Properties palette.6". Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.2".Structural . click Line. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Trim as necessary.8. Click the beam on Grid 2. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. click Create Similar. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Mode panel. s 9. Click Finish. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. set Elevation to -0'-9". click Pick Supports. 10. s s On the Draw panel.

Adjust the view crop region as shown. 2.Place Braces 1. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 3. On the View Control Bar. 5. It has an automatic work plane. as shown. 4. Structural s 411 . A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Click to place the elevation. On the View tab. Create panel. click Brace. In the Project Browser. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structure panel. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. unlike regular elevations. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the Structure tab. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium.

9. Repeat the brace going right to left. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the view window. to start the brace. 7. In the Type Selector.6. 8. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.Structural . Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Click Modify.

In this exercise.10. Save the file as Deck structure. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. 11.rvt. you: s Placed beam systems.

you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Datum panel. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. The numbering automatically increments. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. The exact location is not critical. click in the lower left to start a grid line. as shown. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. In this exercise. Grid datasets. In plan views. 2. Pull the cursor straight up. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. click Grid. The exact length is not critical. and section views. beams. and walls. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. You can change a grid number at any time. s s In the view window.Structural . you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. but they can also be angular and radial. elevation. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.

4. Structural s 415 . Click to start another grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.3.

close to the heads. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. 6. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Press ENTER. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Select Grid Line 2.5. click Copy. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. Repeat to create grid line 4.Structural . Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Click to start a grid line. click to place the grid line. The new grid line will be number 3. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Pull the cursor to the right. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Pull the cursor to the left. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 7. Enter A at the keyboard.

s Click Copy. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Grid 2.8. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. On the grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. This grid line will be number B. Change the number to 2. Structural s 417 . s Select grid 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.1. This completes the main grid. 9. 10. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click to place the grid line. The Grid tool is still active. 11. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one.1 is still selected.

click Pick. On the Options Bar. enter 15. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. select Center-Ends Arc. set Offset to 15'-0". On the Home tab.000 o . In the Radius field. 3. click Radius. Press ENTER. Create panel. click Grid.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Zoom to Fit. 4. Click to place the grid head. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. s Click to start the grid line. Change the number to EE. On the Options Bar. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. The Grid tool is still active. Click in the new grid bubble. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.Structural . s s Click grid intersection D3.

Click the control grip at the end of the grid line.5. Drag it down below the radial grids. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Structural s 419 . You will need to identify it easily. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click to place grid FF. 7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. 6. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.

Click in the new grid bubble. click Create Similar.8.000. Enter 31 to change the name. click Mirror .Pick Axis. Press ENTER. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. 9. Revit will create grid 32. s Select grid 3. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s 10.rvt. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Click to place the grid line. 11. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Select grid 31.Structural . Zoom to Fit. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s In this exercise. s Click grid intersection D3. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.

the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Add footings to columns. s Change a grid layout. In this exercise. s 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. As a result. This is a steel column. Open ADA_Grids-complete.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Use a column grid to place beams. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. click Column > Structural Column. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. 2. you typically create a grid. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structural s 421 . Structure panel. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. In the Type Selector. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1.

set Height to Level 3. In the Multiple panel. 4. 4. A. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 6. 3. 5. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .s s On the Options Bar. On the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. click Finish. 2. click At Grids. C and D. B.

Window-select all the grid lines. 5. 2. click On Grids.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Multiple panel. click Beam. and beams will move to the right. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel. The grid. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Structural s 423 . 4. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 3. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Click Grid 1. columns. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. click Finish.

1. click Undo. 2. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. click No. 4. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click Isolated. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Columns and beams will move to the right. 6. Click Redo. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Open the Default 3D view.Structural . 3. On the Quick Access toolbar. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click At Columns. window-select all the columns. In the view window. click Finish.

Select the footing at the base of the extended column. The footing had been placed at Level 1. s On the Properties palette.5. in the Type Selector. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. 7. 6. The footing changes size. Structural s 425 . Press ESC to clear the column selection. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. To change the size of the footing. A warning displays. Click OK. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".

s Added footings to columns. s Changed a grid layout. Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.8. In this exercise.Structural . 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Add footings to columns. s Place beam systems. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Column b. Brace c. s Change a grid layout. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place braces.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. All of the above. Questions 1. 2. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Beam d. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.

Structural . To change the height of a column. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Properties c. d. All of the above.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. you use: a. a. you: a. 2. True b. you can: a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Select the type of beam or column to place. b. A but not B. a. d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. Stretch b. A and B. To create a beam system. False 4. Flip Orientation d. b. 3. c. Select a beam type and define the system layout. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. If you relocate a grid line. When placing columns or beams. Pick points. 5.

Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Director. PE . South Division High School. Susan Harrington . Milwaukee. WI Roger Dohm . International Technology Education Association www. Inc. CA Ronald A Williams. Copyright s 431 . Poway High School. Ltd. Randy Dymond.org Project Lead the Way.Teacher.iteaconnect. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Poway.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Executive Director. Starkweather .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Smith .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Instructor. Mathematics.

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