Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

Software Tools .Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. Other building elements such as doors. windows. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. and 3D views. furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. roofs. stairs. elevation. You can add building elements in plan. floors. section. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

or at any time after. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the illustration shown. the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown.

all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence.If the left side wall is moved. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .

Math (STEM). Technology. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Place a predefined Mass family. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Constrain placement of objects. and math standards. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Engineering. and Language Arts. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Use the In-Place Mass tool.

The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. size. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. you can create in-place masses. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. quickly.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. such as distance requirements from roadways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There are mass families available to load into a project. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. and curtain systems.Software Tools . roofs. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. walls. A designer. Masses can be edited in many ways. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. owner. and then converted into building components such as floors. or masses.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. walls. masses. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . When a mass has been placed or created in a project.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. or within. roofs.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

This lesson relates to science. Annotation includes text notes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. legends. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. technology. Engineering. s Explain the use of dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and math standards. tags. and symbol heads.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). and Language Arts.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. or angular.Software Tools . radial. Permanent dimensions can be linear. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.

Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.y.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

and Language Arts. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Work with tool buttons. This lesson relates to science.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Technology. the Type Selector. engineering. and Options Bar. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.Software Tools . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). technology. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and math standards. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

for instance. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Some commands will not be active (that is. Display and Navigation s 31 . windows. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. beams. Its position is fixed.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. doors. and rooms.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

slabs. detailing. and foundations. trusses.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. columns. symbols. and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

copy/paste.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. materials.Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and inquiry. and parameters. Context tabs display as you work. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . This menu has file management tools such as New. Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. and Close. Open.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules. schedules. and groups.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. Legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.Software Tools . The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. families. with four elevation markers visible. sheets.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

rendering (in 3D views). Windows panel on the ribbon. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. level of detail. shadow display. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.Software Tools . 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. View Control Bar View scale.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. visual style. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. cropping. sun settings. A check mark indicates it is visible.

To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line is the default. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity. date and time. or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . enabling you to select them. along with other display settings.

You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Manage and Modify. Insert. Display and Navigation s 55 . You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Collaborate. Nine tabs are available: Home. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Structure. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. To activate or open a view. View. Annotate. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.All views are listed in the Project Browser.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Display and Navigation s 57 .Context Tabs. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it. showing options that you can select while you are working. Properties Palette. If you select items in the view window. Options Bar. When a context tab is active. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. a context tab opens on the ribbon.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.Software Tools . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Click a file name to open that file. Print. such as File Open. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. New File. the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. File Save. The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. File Close only appears on the application menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . and Publish. Export.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

On the ribbon. or click New > Project from the application menu. Do this for other tabs. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. 2. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. 3. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. To start a new project. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. make the Home tab active. The completed exercise 4. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Display and Navigation s 67 . The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. If you select the menu option. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.

6. In this exercise.Software Tools . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. you opened a project file. Select Cycle Through All. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Close the file without saving. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. 7.5. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Icons for panels display below tab titles. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. They disappear when you move the cursor away. and then viewed. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The file opens to a 3D view. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Open quick_start_building_elements.rvt. In the Project Browser. Display and Navigation s 69 . 2. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Exercise 2.

The Modify | Walls context tab opens. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view.3. 6. Click any interior wall. 8. On the Properties palette. 4.Software Tools . . and windows highlight blue. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. all the walls. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click OK. Click the door in the upper left of the model. You are selecting everything visible. 7. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Clear Walls and Doors. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 5. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. doors. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.

click Create panel > Create Similar. examined the menus and toolbars. On the Modify | Doors context tab. you opened a project file. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 10. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . Place a door as shown. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. On the Properties palette.9. 12. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. In this exercise.rvt. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click any door.

Component families include model objects (furniture. either predefined or user-created. annotations. operating settings. mechanical equipment). Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Pan. building elements (walls. and Language Arts. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Technology. Math (STEM). Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Load and place component families. s Work with Revit families. In the exercises. and elevation views by default. floors). System families include levels. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. s Create a new in-place family. drafting views. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and 3D views using the View menu. You can create sections. schedules.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. ceiling plan. Engineering. and views. Revit provides floor plan.Software Tools . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. display controls. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. templates. To review the list of standards for each lesson. lines.

This lesson relates to science. engineering. and math standards. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

The completed exercise Visibility 1.rvt. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. is an extensive database. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. even a small one. Four elevation markers are visible. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Use your keyboard to enter VV.Software Tools . View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the Annotation Categories tab. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 2. First. Open Unit2_building_elements. 3. There is no way to see everything in it. Right-click. VG also opens the dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. Click OK. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The elevation markers disappear from the view.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click Zoom to Fit. The display changes.

There are two parts to an elevation. Right-click. On the View Control Bar. 5. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Enter ZF. In the Project Browser. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Right-click. 7.4. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Select Detail Level: Medium. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. so be sure to select them both. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Click Zoom In Region. click Detail Level. Zoom to Fit. 6. Select the roof outline. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 75 .

76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Turn off visibility of the elevations. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. 2. View Properties 1. Click Zoom to Fit.8. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. doors and windows are not shown. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. change the Underlay value to None. as before. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. You simplify it into a Roof Plan.Software Tools .

Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. click Edit. For Name. and where the cut plane sits. Click OK. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click Rename. Right-click. Next to View Range. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. 4. the ridge is now visible. enter Roof.0".3.

Accept the location that activates. 3. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. In the dialog box that opens. Open Elevation view South.Software Tools . Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 4. select Shading with Edges. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. under Solar Study. select Shadows On. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Winter Solstice. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In the Presets list. 5. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 2. select Still.Graphic Display Options 1. Set the time to 9:30 am.

rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update.

windows. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. Build panel. You add closet doors to interior walls. 3. and floors. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. floors. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. standard families. Open Unit2_views. and annotations are examples of standard families. and place Revit families. railings. and families in place. s A system family. objects can be defined as hosted (for example.rvt. and so on. doors and windows are dependent on walls). roofs. load. 2. click Door. commercial. furniture). or stand-alone (for example. Doors. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. windows. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. furniture. Additionally. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. you open an existing project file. walls. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. is predefined within Revit. There are system families. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. This exercise illustrates how you locate. such as levels. or institutional structures.Software Tools . In Revit. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. These components are called families and there are several different types. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. lights. On the Home tab. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Doors are considered standard family entities. and furniture. and use a Revit family to place a door.

It has a number of different sizes defined. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Tag panel. Click Open.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.rfa. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You click to place an instance of the door family. Furniture. Family files have a file extension of *. As you move your cursor near any wall. s s 6. 5. If you highlight a door family.rvt. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. and Annotation. Project files have a file extension of *. On the Modify | Place Door tab. The Door Insertion tool stays active.rfa. 4. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Locate Double Panel 2. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Click Open. Click the Doors folder. Accept the default size.

8. but not strongly. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 9. loaded. Place an instance of the door as shown.rvt. simply click it.Software Tools . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. and placed instances of a door family.7. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. In this exercise. you located. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place two more instances of the door as shown.

Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The required width is not available. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. and create an in-place family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 4. Select the double door as shown. 2. 3.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . This door needs to be 48" wide. modify a door family. For Name. Open Unit2_doors_walls. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. 5. you open an existing project file. click Duplicate. enter 48" x 80". The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.

Software Tools . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 3. 2. is to create a component family in place. 1. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Build panel. In the dialog box. click Component > Model In-Place.6. For Name. Click OK. Click OK. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 4. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. On the Properties palette. enter Hall Clock. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 5. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. select Generic Models. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. On the Home tab. The door updates. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 9.rvt.4" as shown. In this exercise. 8. On the Draw panel. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 11. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . loaded. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. you located. 13. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click OK. You have created the base of the clock. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 10.2". 7.0' 2". Click Mode panel > Finish as before. click Rectangle.6. and placed a door family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Revit will display . 12. as shown. The family model updates.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.Software Tools .

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.

s Open different views. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. c. s Change view displays. s Adjust Visual Style Options. Right-click. True b. s Change view properties. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Create a 3D perspective view. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. and place a family from a library. Go to View > View Name in the menu. and click Open. Questions 1. d. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. load. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Zoom to the entire model. b. d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. d. b. c. True b. context tabs. a. False 5. c. Either a or b. b. 7. a. True b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Create an in-place model family. To activate a view: a. tab. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Spin the model in 3D space. Views can be renamed. Turn on Shadows.Software Tools . True b. s Change type properties of a family. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. False 4. False 3. Each project has several predefined views. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. and Options Bar. s Access. 6. False 2. The tool shown is used to: a. depending on the template selected.

Families 11. etc. System c. A family created within a project is called ________________. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. All of the above. Scroll d. depending on settings 9.8. Pan and Zoom b. Parts d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Standard b. Blocks c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Properties palette 10. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . you can use the scroll wheel to: a. In-Place d. Project Browser d. Rotate c. windows.) are called: a. Multiview b. a. a.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 3. s Create dimensions and text. Review Revit Architecture setup. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create a project template. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Evaluate Students. 7. 9. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create labels. s Set project units. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Duplicate and modify views. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 8.

Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. based on the AIA standards. colors.aias. Math (STEM). should be used. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. After completing this lesson. Explain why templates are used. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Many cities and counties have their own rules.org. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.org. defining the layers. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and the settings that are preset within them. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Visit the AIA website at www. colors. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. and so forth. Visit the AIAS website at www. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. linetypes. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Technology.aia. and Language Arts. linetypes. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards.

otherwise it is considered a carport. one window. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. the number being its numerical value. it cannot be called a bedroom. a bathroom. and so on.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. If it lacks any of these components. A garage must be completely enclosed. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. If there is a fire. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. defined and adopted by convention. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. and one closet. A unit is a particular physical quantity. and so on. For example. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. it must have at least one door. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a garage.Standards and Building Codes . Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. doors. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a common area (such as a living room or family room). like mechanical drawing. windows. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom.

the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. in the United States. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. unit symbol m. and other materials. Another method is to apply dual notation. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. However. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. its value is expressed in the unit meter. is 169 m. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control.For example. is 555 ft. units are applied to dimensions. unit symbol ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. the construction industry still uses the English. Here h is the physical quantity. or imperial.. such as room size and wall height. glass.. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. using imperial units. In architectural drafting. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. also known as the International System of Units.

because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). one value representing another value. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". and viewports.Scales are ratios. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. In Revit Architecture. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. every 1/8" would represent 1'. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. line weight and pattern. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.Standards and Building Codes .5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). sheets.) 8. Each size is designated by a letter. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.

can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). The integers go from 0 to 9. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.a modified version of the AIA standard. and then add a title block or other symbols. notes Demolition. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. You create and position views.01. temporary Schedules Sections.01. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. site plan. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). elevators. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. symbols. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.

The final sections are for the sheet title and number.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For example. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the HVAC company. and so on. that is. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and other relevant information. The column is divided into sections. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. The paper is oriented landscape. It identifies the drawing with a title or description.Standards and Building Codes . the date drawn. the author of the drawing. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. so that the height is less than the width. drawing scales. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the electrician. Typically. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. fonts. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and layer standards. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Usually. The next space is for tracking revisions. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. followed by information on the building's owner. annotation plot sizes. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects.

and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . dimension and text styles. layer settings. title blocks.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols.

Engineering. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Standards and Building Codes .Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. These can be used to build your model. views. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. dimension styles. windows. and walls. Technology. Math (STEM). Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 .

Condominiums. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. In the New Project dialog box. 2. In Revit. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. click New > Project. factory. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. you use templates as starting points. Select a Template 1. click Browse. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. On the application menu. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. 3. or store.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . you create a new project file using a template. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . apartments. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Open Revit to an empty project file.

Select the Residential-Default. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. saving set up time. Settings s 103 .4. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. you started a new project file using a standard template. click Close to close this project without saving. On the application menu. 5. In this exercise.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Click Open. Click OK. 6.

Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. expand Floor Plans under Views. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In the courseware datasets folder. 3. In this exercise. Click to start a new wall. Pull the cursor to the right. The Wall tool remains active. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Build panel. In the Project Browser. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Press ESC to cancel the wall. click Wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.Standards and Building Codes . Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. the drawing setup options are preset. s Place the cursor over the left wall. open ADA__Settings.

Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Click Format for Length. Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Unit symbol to m. 8. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 5. Place the cursor over the left wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (The keyboard shortcut is UN.4. Settings s 105 . Close the file without saving. and move the cursor right. click to start a new wall. In this exercise. 7.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Press ESC to cancel the wall.) 6.

3. click Aligned. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. By default. temporary and permanent. enter Big Text. Click OK. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. On the Properties palette. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Open ADA_Dimensions. or insert components.rvt. click Edit Type. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 1. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. but also control the size and location of objects.Standards and Building Codes . create. there are two types of dimensions. On the Annotate tab. dimensions not only display. 4. click Duplicate. Temporary dimensions display when you select. In the Type Properties dialog box. Dimension panel. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 2. For Name.

s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. s Click OK twice. and bottom horizontal walls. Select the top. 6. Settings s 107 . Drag the dimension to the left of the view. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.5. 7. Click to place. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. left.

Click to place the dimension. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.8. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Dimension tool stays active. s s s Select the far left. Close the file without saving. created a new dimension style. upper.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. you opened an existing file. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. and far right vertical walls. 9. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.

Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In the Project Browser. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the datasets folder. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. 2. There are no annotations visible. Right-click. Notice the door and window tags. and the view window displays the new plan. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. 3. In order to do this. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Settings s 109 .rvt. These are annotations.

Standards and Building Codes . Click Rename. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 7. Double-click to open it. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. select Floor Plan: Level 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Click OK to update the display of this view. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. click Project Information. 9. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Settings panel. 8. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. 5. 1. 6. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. On the Manage tab. In the Project Browser. Click OK.4. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

click Edit. Settings s 111 . Enter the address as shown. 2. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.) 3. Rightclick. Click OK. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click OK. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. You can also enter the address of your school. In the Value column of Project Address. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. or supply your own values: Click OK. 2. highlight the title block displayed in the list. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 3.Add a Sheet 1. Click New Sheet.

s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.Standards and Building Codes .4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Notice the change to the title block. 5. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Click Apply. Next.

Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click. 3. Select Add View to Sheet. Select the new viewport. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 2. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select Deactivate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Click Activate View. Right-click in the view. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 4. Settings s 113 .

Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Finish the move. you: select it. The Scale updates in the title block. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. 6. s Placed a view on the sheet. Place the cursor 7. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. deselect it.Standards and Building Codes . of the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The view updates on the sheet. Close the file without saving. s Added a sheet.5. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.

A copy of the 11 x 8.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. This is one of the longer exercises. It opens to the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 2. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Settings s 115 . 3. click New > Titleblock. Select A-11x8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5 title block template opens. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Click Open. On the application menu.rft. Start Revit Architecture.5. 4.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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you created a title block using a template file. Save the title block as A . 13.Standards and Building Codes .rfa. On the application menu. On the Quick Access toolbar. Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 12. 14. 11. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Your teacher may specify another location. click Close. s Click Add. Accept the Sample Value. Add a label for Sheet Number. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Click Zoom to Fit.Landscape. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Accept the Sample Value. 15. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Add a label for Checked By. In this exercise. s Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. click Save to save the title block.9. select Drawn By. 10.

Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 4. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Settings s 125 . 5. 3. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. On the View tab. Your title block is now displayed in the list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. and then load a custom title block into your project. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. In the Recent Files window. click New to create a new project using the default template. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. you create a new project file. Locate your title block. Insert a Title Block 1. Highlight the title block and click OK. Click Open. The title block appears in the graphics window. 2.

s For Drawn By. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Settings panel. On the Manage tab. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. In this exercise. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Select the title block. Click OK. enter your name. enter Student Project Unit 3. you a created a new project file.Standards and Building Codes . The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. 6.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. click Project Information. Click OK. enter your instructor's name. s For Checked By. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK. 2.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. 4.

a dimension style. On the Insert tab. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. you define the title block. Create a Template In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. select Project Template. and then load them like families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. and the units for your custom template. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. click New > Project. settings. s Families: Load in families you use most often. In the New Project dialog box. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. On the application menu. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. you create a new project file. 1. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. such as 3D and plan views. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. 3. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and geometry from the template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. in addition to predefined wall types. and slope angle. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Click OK. including how the rendered image looks. In this exercise. 2. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. angles.

enter 3/16" Verdana. 8. 7. On the Annotate tab.rfa.4.Landscape.Standards and Building Codes . click Duplicate. Click OK. Click OK twice. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 6. On the Manage tab. For Name. Click the Length field in the Format column. 5. create a Dimension Style. 9. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 10. You create a custom dimension style. Open the title block A . There will be no visible change. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Set the units for the template. In the Type Properties dialog box. Next. click Settings panel > Project Units.

Click OK. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. select Sheets (All). The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click OK. In the Project Browser. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 15. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Rightclick. 12. Settings s 129 .11. Click New Sheet.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 14. Select the A .

Click OK. Save your project template in your class project folder. You can use this template for future projects. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rte. 17. The title block updates. In this exercise.16. Save the file name as A-English template. as well as dimension style and units. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.Standards and Building Codes . you created a new template file using a dimension style. and units that you defined. title block.

STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. or new combinations of existing materials. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.

what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create a template. and symbols used in drawing? a. you learned to: s Set units in a file.02 b. s Create a dimension style. s Create dimensions. NCSESA 2. s Create a text style. a. s Create text. A. a. True b. s Change dimension colors.02 d. S.05 c. P. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create a title block. A particular physical quantity. A unit 4. False 3.Standards and Building Codes . 1:24 d. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". Metric d. An architect b. 1:32 5. A. 1:3 b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. is defined as what? a. 1:12 c. dimension styles. a. AIA b.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . General Questions 1. Using AIA Standards. s Create labels. s Change lineweight. UBC c. NCTM d. English c.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. True b. a. To set the units in a project. In Revit Architecture. True b. Wall midpoints d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. By default. a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Application menu > Properties b. Point offsets 3. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. To create a new sheet. you click: a. True b. Wall centerlines c. you use: a. False 6. To change the scale of a view. Wall faces b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False Summary/Questions s 133 . False 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. dimensions snap to: a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Align walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Trim and extend walls. 3. 5. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 6. you will be able to: s Create a wall.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. Lesson Plan 1. s Define a wall structure.

you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or filling in between. List the different types of occupancy. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. After completing this lesson. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.Walls . their construction and materials. them. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. and protect its interior spaces. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. separate. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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After you create the wall. a dashed line displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Click to set the endpoint. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Notice that a temporary dimension displays. but it disappears when you begin another action. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. indicating wall length. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. the dimension updates incrementally. an angular dimension displays. Clear the Chain option. It will not print. Enter 10. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. 4. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Walls s 151 . 5.3. click it to open an edit field. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Select the Single Line option. Stud. To modify a dimension. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.Brick on Mtl. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. As you continue to move the cursor.

Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Press ENTER. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Create panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall.Walls . 7. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Depending on your zoom in the view. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Modify | Place Wall tab. click Create Similar. After setting the vertical wall's direction.6. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click to start the next wall. click the Detail Level icon. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. enter 7. On the View Control Bar. 8. Select panel. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Click the wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. the controls may sit on top of one another. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. click Modify to stop placing walls. The wall does not show any internal detail.

Walls s 153 . Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that two dimensions display. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Click Modify. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. an alignment line displays. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Because you drew the wall from up to down. 10.9. release the mouse button to set a new length. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Also. Select the right vertical wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical.

Right-click. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. On the Home tab. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Cancel. 16. 15. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 13. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.11. This is the same as clicking Modify. Select Chain on the Options Bar.Walls . When using the Chain option. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. click Wall. Build panel. 12. Repeat. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Sketch the walls as shown. Select the lower vertical wall. 14.

you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.18. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 19. Click Zoom to Fit. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Clear the Chain option. 20. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Walls s 155 . 17. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Select the Three Point Arc tool.rvt. After clicking the second end. Click Modify. Click Create Similar again. In this exercise.

Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 4.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how to split. Only part of the wall highlights.Walls . 3. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Split Walls 1. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. The cursor changes to a razor blade. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. To do this.rvt from the previous exercise. and extend walls. Click Modify. Both split walls are shown below. Do the same for the vertical wall. fillet. align. You now remove the upper right corner. trim. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. you first split the walls at the intersections. 2. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.

You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 4. click Create Similar. 2.Fillet Walls 1. You can also click the flip control. select Radius. Select any wall. 5. 3. This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Delete. On the Modify | Walls tab. Enter 5'. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Walls s 157 . click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Modify panel. On the Options Bar. On the Modify | Wall tab. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Create panel. If you make a mistake. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Click Fillet Arc.

Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Walls . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Place an interior wall as shown. 2. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. select Basic Wall: Interior . You align the wall in the next steps. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. The Wall tool is still active.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.

s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain. The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . Click to create a wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.4. Pull the cursor straight up. such as location lines. s On the Options Bar. You can lock the alignment. The length is not critical.

Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 3. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Select the horizontal wall as shown. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5. 6.s Move the cursor to the left and click. The length is not critical. Select the two interior walls in turn. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 4. 2. The walls can cross. Select the vertical wall as shown. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will extend to the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This will be the border.

align.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 .7. fillet. and trim.

Walls . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and vary in cost. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The Modify tool is active by default. Select the Exterior wall as shown. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. On the Properties palette. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. satisfy different requirements. 3. click Edit Type. 1. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 2. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. In the Project Browser.

enter 8" Insulated Stud. Add two additional layers to the wall. 8. 6. Walls s 163 . For Name. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click the number of Layer 3. Click OK. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. To edit the structure of the wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. 7. has a Function you can edit. Every layer of a wall. When you are finished. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Click Insert twice. 5.4. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. the wall structure should be as shown. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. except Core Boundary. s Select Finish 1 [4]. click Edit in the Structure value field. s Click Down twice. s Click Up. s Click the arrow at the right.

s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 12. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Walls . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Modify the Function. Material. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Material to Finishes . select Finishes .Exterior . 11. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 10. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. which displays plan or section views. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s Set the Material to Wood . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Stud Layer. 13.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.9.

Click Apply to update the view. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. 16. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.14. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Walls s 165 . On the Properties palette. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. From the Detail level list. select Medium. In the Project Browser. 15. 17. expand the Families branch. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings.

You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. You opened an existing file. 20. 19. In this exercise. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Expand Walls > Basic Wall. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Right-click 8" Exterior.18. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Close the file without saving.Walls . From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure.

such as a weatherproof outside surface. for example.rvt. a structural mid-section. Stud walls as shown. and a decorated interior surface. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You can define a wall type with these elements. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. In this exercise. The model opens in a 3D view. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. you create and modify vertically compound walls. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. Select one of the Exterior . 3. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. wood rails. The completed exercise Walls s 167 .Brick on Mtl. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. 2.

You change the type. You can assign different materials to regions. 1. As indicated in the dialog box title. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 5. To split a layer or region vertically. If not already expanded. or you will lose your changes.4. in the Structure value field. the new regions assume the same material as the original. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. so all instances of this type change. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. into regions. 7. click Edit. To split a layer or region horizontally. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You can set the sample height to any value. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. In this exercise. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary.Walls . You can split regions into other regions. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. either horizontally or vertically. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Wall structures are Type Properties. When you split a layer. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Click Split Region. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. 6. To define the structure of the wall. 2. highlight one of the borders. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 8. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out.

a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Walls s 169 . When you merge regions. Click to merge the two layers. 4. assign Layer 1. Click to merge them. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. 2.3. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click to split the region into two parts.Brick layer. The upper split disappears. Prehighlight a border between regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . In this case. After merge. 3. Click Merge Regions.

2. instead of down. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. To create a new wall layer. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Click again to return to the original position. Change the value to 12. click Modify. 2. In the Edit dialog box. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click the temporary dimension text. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Next. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). After a region is split. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 4. If you set the split offset down from the top. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. The dimension text turns blue. Press ENTER. Click Insert. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click the arrow to observe the behavior.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 1. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.Walls . s Select the split line. 3. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 3. indicating that it is modifiable. to the next parallel line.

7. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. It also shows a thickness value.Brick Soldier Course layer. Click OK. Split Region. 9. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . In this exercise. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Merge Region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Walls s 171 . Change the Material to Masonry . 6. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. 5.4. Modify. it highlights in blue in the preview window. It immediately highlights in blue. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4].Brick Soldier Course. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. All walls of this type have been changed. 8. as shown. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. When a layer is selected in the table. Click Assign Layers. Close the file without saving. Click OK. and Insert Layer tools. because it is now the selected layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. 10. The preview changes appearance.

but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. piping. and protected. and insulation.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.Walls . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. ducting. earth. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the view. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the ventilation. but also the natural lighting. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.Doors and Windows . and the amount of space you have inside your building. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. About Doors and Windows s 185 . The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. and to protect property values. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).

7 sq. if there is no other escape route. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. An unobstructed opening of 5. ft.Doors and Windows . The height can be no less than 24".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.

engineering. Doors and Windows s 187 . move. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and math standards. Some families are loaded into each empty file. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Engineering. and how to position. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Components such as doors. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and furniture are defined in family files. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and copy these elements. In this unit. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Copy windows. you learn how to place doors and windows. technology. Math (STEM). windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Center a door in a wall. how to load additional door and window families. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science.

2. elevation view. To reverse the swing. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. To flip the door. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. On the Home tab. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. This can be done in a plan view. or 3D view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. 3. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the door swing would be to the left side.Doors and Windows . click Door. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. When placing doors in a plan view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Build panel. In other words.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Add Doors 1. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Once a door is placed.

and windows into project files. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". walls. From the Type Selector list. on the Modify | Place Door tab. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. With the Door command active. except for the Type Selector. The display does not change. 3. 2. Mode panel. click Load Family. Select the door Double-Panel 2.Load Families 1. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. In order to keep file size small. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.rfa. Doors and Windows s 189 . Click Open.

4. If necessary.Doors and Windows . Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. From the Type Selector. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 5.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. or by using the swing control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. simply click it and enter the correct value. change a temporary dimension. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. To Doors and Windows s 191 .6. Remember.

Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.

Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. When placing windows in a plan view. Open Unit5_doors. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. On the Home tab. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. You can place windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Build panel. click Modify and select the window. approach the wall from the right side. Add Windows 1. To reverse the window after performing another operation. 2. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. From the Type Selector. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. the outside of the window is to the left side. elevation view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. click Window. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To face the outside of the window to the other side. or 3D view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations.

Window tags do not number in sequence. You do not need to add dimensions. 4. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. and placed windows. Place seven more windows as shown.Doors and Windows . placed doors. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.rvt. In this exercise. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 5. loaded a door family. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you opened an existing project.3. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.

continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.rvt. 4. window. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. and modify the wall. you open an existing project file. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 1. and so on. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. On the Annotate tab.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Dimension panel. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. s Align and modify walls. 3. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. 2. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. wall. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. click Aligned. place a door.

Select the upper wall first. The walls are now aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.s s s s Click the left wall. Click the right wall. Click the lock icon to enable it. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. 2. Notice the symbol. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Align Walls 1.Doors and Windows . Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 6. Click the center of the door. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. the other wall will remain aligned. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click it and it changes as shown. This means that if one wall shifts. The door changes location. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 5.

3.) The dimension value is now shown. Change the dimension to 16. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Dimensions display below it. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Right-click. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Clear the EQ Display value. 5. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Doors and Windows s 197 .4. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. The walls shift and remain aligned. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.

In this exercise.Doors and Windows . 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you placed a continuous dimension. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.rvt.6. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.

In this exercise. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. especially if there are many different types. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 2. 4. 1. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Create Similar. Doors and Windows s 199 . Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.rvt.

The window will change appearance. Select the window you just placed. 3. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 2.Copy Windows 1. The window is copied. 4. click Copy. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Modify panel. On the Modify | Windows tab.

rvt. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. 6.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . cold. The stability of glass in response to wind.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.

General Questions 1. True b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . Standard b. False 2. 34" 4. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 28" b. s Copy a door or window. s Align a door or window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. If a room is used for sleeping. a. 36" c. 30" c. Custom 3. 32" b. s Place a window. a. 32" d. s Position a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. 40" d.

A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. a. Insert d. The center snap 7. Load from Library b. Select the door. A reference plane b. a. Link c. d. Duplicate d. Copy 8. To change the location of a door or window. Select the door. c. 6.Doors and Windows . d. Use door grips to reposition. c. False 5. b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. To center a door or window in a wall. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Click Modify > Flip Direction. False 2. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. To change the swing direction of a door: a. b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the door. you: a. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Click Door Properties. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. a. Click Flip Direction. True b. True b. Offset c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. you use: a. Clone b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. True b. 4. you use ________. Select the door. Right-click. a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. a. Load c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Properties 3.

(Student) Evaluate students. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 6. s Modify stair boundaries. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 5. 3.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create railings. Lesson Plan 1. Review stairs and railings. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .

206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. stair and railing types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. After completing this lesson.Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.

and Language Arts. Technology. Engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Math (STEM).Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. This lesson relates to technology.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Once the actual riser height is determined. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Then.

Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Due to building code.

particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".

Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2".

Technology. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. and stairs. In multistory buildings. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. and Language Arts. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. This lesson relates to technology. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. which includes elevators. s Modify stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You create stairs in a plan view. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. You can define straight runs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Math (STEM). of certain horizontal depth or run. U-shaped stairs. s Add a railing. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. engineering. As you move the cursor. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. and math standards. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Engineering. ramps.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and spiral stairs. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on.Stairs and Railings . The riser and run values update accordingly. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. or tread. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. or vertical circulation. For safety reasons. L-shaped runs with a landing. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels.

3. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This enables you to place the stairs properly. On the Properties palette. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. From the courseware datasets folder. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This file is in metric units. you create stairs using a straight run.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. Stairs and Railings s 217 .rvt. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. Before you create the stairs. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.

Circulation panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. These tools are used to define your stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).Stairs and Railings . You can define either a straight run or a circular run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The cursor changes to a crosshairs.4. On the Home tab. 5. In this case. Run is preselected. you create a straight run. click Stairs. Click OK to close the dialog box.

Stairs and Railings s 219 . To change the run dimension. On the Mode panel. You can also enter a distance of 4400. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Revit displays the number of risers you created. 8. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. You can continue to move the cursor up. 10. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. As you move the cursor up. the run footprint stops expanding. Select this intersection point to start your run. select Finish (green check). and then click to define the run of stairs. 7. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. If you have not fully created the run.6. 9.

rvt. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. To avoid overwriting the original file. you created and placed a straight run stair. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. click application menu > Save As > Project. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 12.11. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and switched to a 3D view. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. In this exercise. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.Stairs and Railings . 13.

click Align. Level 1. Activate view Floor Plans. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Edit panel. 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. On the Modify tab. The stair is not centered on the landing.rvt. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.

hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. The Align command remains active. Click the center of the wall first. If you have a scroll mouse.4. You can rotate your model to get a better view. select Wall centerlines. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. On the Options Bar. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.Stairs and Railings . Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Click the center of the stairs. 5. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . from the Prefer list.

click Edit Type. Hover the cursor over the railing. 9. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . study the instance parameters under the Constraints. In the Project Browser. Select the stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. and Dimensions subsections.6. Graphics. Change Width to 1350. As you prehighlight them. s For Name. 7. On the Properties palette. expand Sections (Building Section). Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. s Click OK. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 8. s Click Duplicate. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. On the Properties palette. railings were created with the stairs. enter Lobby Stairs.

Select both railings. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings .Cherry s s Click Modify.10. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Lobby Stair View.

s On the Modify | Stairs tab. In the Type Selector. The railings change. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Mode panel. 13. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Delete this line. The stair changes to the run sketch. Click it to select it. you change the shape of the stairs. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Stairs and Railings s 225 . You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 14.12. Next. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s Zoom in on the stairs. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. click Edit Sketch.

On the Draw panel. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. To place the second arc endpoint. 19. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. s On the Modify panel. click the left end of the top riser. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.Stairs and Railings . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.15. 16. Click Modify. Click to place the arc. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 17. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 18. click Boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created.

21. Next. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the left boundary. click Riser. the arc center point. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Click to exit the Mirror command. For the third point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the right boundary. First. 20. Stairs and Railings s 227 . On the Draw panel. The left boundary will be mirrored.

On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open the {3D} view to see the results. You also modified the properties of a railing. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries.Stairs and Railings .rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. click Finish.22. In this exercise. 23.

you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. In this case. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Therefore. Select the right side railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you sketch the plan view path. 2. This is typically done in plan view. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it.rvt from the previous exercise. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Click Modify. you need to define a path for the railing. 3. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. The completed exercise To create a railing. For simple railings. To make sure you are selecting the railing.

230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. s s On the Options Bar. To set the exact distance. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. select Chain. You do not need to add dimensions.Stairs and Railings . The dimensions are shown as a guide. Mode panel. Then. click Edit Path. on the Modify | Railings tab. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.4. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. edit the temporary dimension. 7. 6. On the Draw panel. Once the railing is selected. click Line.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. In this exercise. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing.rvt. Delete your lines and try again. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. 9. 8.

Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. s On the Home tab. s On the Options Bar. Create a Reference Plane 1. In a floor plan view. the stairs appear as a U-shape. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 2.rvt from the previous exercise.Stairs and Railings . you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise. you create a reference plane. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Work Plane panel. set the Offset value to 850. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.

On the Properties palette. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . 5. Click Edit Type. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. To start sketching the run. 3. Matte 2. Stairs and Railings s 233 . change the Width parameter to 900. For Name. 6. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Click OK. On the Home tab. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click OK twice. Dark Gray. 4. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. click Stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter Exit Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Circulation panel. Pull the cursor straight up. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish.

Click to place the first run. with none remaining to be created. Click to finish the stair run. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Move the pointer to the right. 9. 8. Press ENTER. enter 1925. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7.

2. On the Stairs panel. Select the two walls of the stair tower. 11. Use Hide/Isolate 1. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Stairs and Railings s 235 . On the View Control bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. you select Continue to return the sketch. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. but they are hidden behind walls. If you get an error message. Click Finish Stairs again. To remove the lines. Remove the additional lines. click Finish Stairs. it is because you have overlapping lines. You want to inspect your stairs. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously.10.

2. The exterior walls reappear. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. This is a multistory stair. 6. In this exercise. The walls are now hidden.Stairs and Railings . On the View Control Bar. Reset the Display 1. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Select the stairs so they highlight. you learned to create a reference plane. Zoom in to see your stairs. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. On the Properties palette.3. 4. Finally. 5. and to create a U-shaped stair. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.

escalators. STEM Connections s 237 . and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps.

smoke guards.Stairs and Railings . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. but they can also be highly decorative.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Include landings as required by your local building code. and deliver riders without wait time.

180 degrees 3. s Modify stair boundaries. 32" c. 90 degrees d. and all treads should be the same run. 40" 4. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 30" b. General Questions 1. a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Create stairs. True b. False 2. a. 36" d. b. s Create railings. 45 degrees c. False Summary/Questions s 239 . Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 25 degrees b.

riser lines c. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Pick New Host b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Modify c. a. Align Railing d. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. True b. Fasten Railing 5. Railings. Manage d.Stairs and Railings . Attach Railing c. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. risers b. risers 3. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. you use the _______ option. You can apply materials to different stair components. Line b. Circle 4. To create railings on stairs without railings. risers and treads. Boundary lines. True b. Run. riser d. a. Treads. a. False 6. Rectangle c. that is. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Arc d. Home b. Insert 2. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser.

(Student) 3. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 4. Review of roof types. (Student) 7. (Student) 6. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. s Define a roof structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. s Place fascia. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Discussion) 2. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit.

and downspouts. roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. tiles. After completing this lesson. Calculate the rise. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. It addresses roof construction. run. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and pitch of a sloped roof. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. gutters. Identify the different roof types.

Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Rake: The inclined. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . engineering. Math (STEM). s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. and Language Arts. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

resulting in at least one textured face. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. maintenance. These are used more often on upscale homes. the roofing pattern. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. resistance to wind and fire. and sun. fire-resistant. Sloped roofs. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. both low and steep. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. maintenance. and colors. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. snow. and sunlight. durability. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. About Roofs s 245 . and if visible. and color. They come in several types. You can use them for many different applications. are designed for shedding water and snow. texture. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and if visible. durability.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and low maintenance roofing material. brands. and color. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. texture. rot. resistance to wind and fire. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. the roofing pattern.

and require little maintenance. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. consider such factors as cost.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. Therefore. galvanized steel. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. fiberglass. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. This same roof on a clear. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. odor. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. When choosing the insulation for your job. galvanized steel.Roofs . If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. zinc alloy. or corrugated structural glass. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. quality. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. reinforced plastic. They are fire-resistant. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). and insulating capability (R-value). In a house with a cathedral ceiling. treatment for insects. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. and so forth). durable. Unfortunately. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. special characteristics (for example. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish.

The slope usually leads to interior drains. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. the requirements for underlayment. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Roofs . These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

but the two sides are not symmetrical. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. run.

7 to 12.Roofs . 7 and 12.When designing a roof. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7-12. 7 on 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. try to specify standard roof pitch. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

water. and fascia. or eaves. Roofs s 255 . you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. snow. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Create various roof types. soffits. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Create a roof fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you can add gutters. To create a roof by face. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. dormers. or ice. often supporting a gutter. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Create a hip roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. or roof overhangs. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Once you create a roof. s Place gutters.

Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. and Language Arts. technology. engineering. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Roofs .

2. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise.. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Click OK to continue. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. you create an extruded roof. 3. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. 4. Open ADA_Roofs. In the Work Plane dialog box. select the Name option. To create an extruded roof.rvt. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .

select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 6. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. click Line. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. s Use the image below for guidance. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. The section view should display as shown. Draw panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.Roofs . enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Click Open View. Before sketching the roof's profile. select Section: Section 1. In the Go To View dialog box. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined.5. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 3. On the Work Plane panel. click Ref Plane. 4. 2.

6. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click the EQ toggle. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using the image below for guidance. sketch from right to left along the Level line. 5. Roofs s 259 . s Click Modify. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. s On the Options Bar. 1. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.Roofs . 7. you can label them. 2. click Line.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 5. Click OK. 6. enter Horizontal. On the Mode panel. On the Properties palette. for Name. click Finish (green check). Right-click. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Click Modify. 3. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. click Chain. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane.

8. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view. 9. Roofs s 261 .12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. This is a two-step process. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 1. 2. Using the images for guidance. Edit Geometry panel.Roofs . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. On the Modify tab. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. carefully select the far right roof edge. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the edge of the roof as shown. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 3. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion.

4. On the Modify Wall panel. Select the roof. In the Project Browser. On the Options Bar. To select both walls together. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 3. Select both walls. 2. This will join the wall tops to the roof. However. Trim Walls 1. select Attach Wall: Top. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . click Attach: Top/ Base. open the view Sections: Section 1.

s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. 5. Switch to a 3D view.Roofs . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.rvt.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. The roof now looks correct.

Because you are in a 3D view. Unit7_first_roof.rvt. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. On the Home tab. The inner loops define openings in the roof. In this exercise. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . from existing walls. select Garage Roof. Click Yes. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. so you look straight down as in a plan. Build panel. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 3. a dialog box is displayed. 4. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. From the drop-down list. by Footprint. 1.

266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 6.Roofs . 8. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s On Options Bar. click Defines Slope.0". If you place a line on the wrong side. Use the image below for guidance. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. click Pick Walls. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.5. Next. clear the Defines slope option. select the vertical wall on the left. Select the right vertical wall of the garage.

1. The new roof displays. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Yes. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. 3. Other controls also display.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. To complete the roof. Change this value to 6"/12". Click the 9"/12" text. click Finish. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 2. By default. Roofs s 267 . you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. It becomes an editable field. Select the right side roof line. Click Modify. defining lines separately. That value displays next to the slope arrow. change the value to 6"/12". When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the left slope defining line.

5.rvt. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4.Roofs . Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.

The file opens to a 3D view. 4. Clear Defines Slope.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. On the Options Bar. click to select them. On Home tab. set the overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. When all of the walls prehighlight. To chain-select all of the walls. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 2. Roofs s 269 .

3. 2. 4. Right-click. click Rectangle. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Draw panel. Zoom into the chimney area.Create a Roof Opening 1. As an alternate. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Roofs . Using the image for guidance. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Options Bar.

Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. select Defines Slope. click Yes. 2. 4. 6. The slope indicator displays. 3. Select the uppermost. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. horizontal line. select the Defines Slope. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 5. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Click Finish. Select the left lower horizontal line.

and chimney penetration.7. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 8. In this exercise.Roofs .rvt. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. attached walls.

Select the three walls shown in the image. 4. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Roofs s 273 . 3.0". 2. Create the Roof 1. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Select Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. On the Options Bar.rvt. you create a hip roof. 5. set Overhang to 2' . Build panel. Zoom into the area shown.

Click Finish to complete the roof. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.0". Raise the Roof 1. 6.Roofs . you use the Line tool. 3. To close the roof sketch. In addition. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Switch to a 3D View. Click OK. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. On the Properties palette. Right-click the ViewCube. click Line. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.7. s On the Draw panel. 2. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first. Roofs s 275 . click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.

you created a hip roof using a footprint. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . In this exercise.rvt.2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall.

click Line. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 7. 6. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The file should open to a 3D view. Clear Defines Slope. click Pick Walls. 5. On the Draw panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 3. 4. Roofs s 277 .Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Create a Shed Roof 1.rvt.

Right-click the line. 12.Roofs . horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 13. 11.8. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Select the lower. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Toggle Slope Defining. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 10. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 9.

Switch to a 3D view. 16. In this exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Finish the Roof. Roofs s 279 .rvt. 15. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. click Yes. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Click OK. 17.14. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 18.

you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.rvt. 5. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.Roofs . select Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open the Default 3D view. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. You see four levels defined in the model. On the menu bar. 3. Select the Roof. 2. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Cutoff Level list. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. On the Properties palette. Activate the view North Elevation. The roof updates.

Roofs s 281 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint.6. On the Draw panel. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 7. select Defines Slope. 12. click Pick Lines. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Switch to a 3D View. 13. In this exercise. 10. 9. 11. On the Home tab. Finish the Roof. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.rvt. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. on the Properties palette. set the slope value to 3"/12". Zoom and spin to see your model. To set the slope for the new roof. On the Options Bar. 8.

Select the main roof over the house. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. 2. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 1. 3.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. thereby reducing energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. In the Type Selector. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Asphalt Shingle Insulated.Roofs .rvt.

Click Insert to add a layer. click Duplicate. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit. Select the roof over the garage. It is a generic roof type. 4. enter Clay Tile. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Click OK.Define a Roof Structure 1. click Edit Type. Select Layer 2 as shown. 3. Roofs s 283 . 5. 2. For Structure Value. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile.

s s s In the Materials dialog box. select Model. 6. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.Roofs . In this exercise. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. 8. Click OK twice. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7.rvt. s Click OK. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.

4. Roofs s 285 .Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof.rfa. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. On the Home tab.rvt. In this exercise. Click Open. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. or for decoration. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 2. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Insert tab. In the Open dialog box. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 3. click Roof > Fascia. to support a gutter.

5. In the Type Properties dialog box. for Profile. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. For Name. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Click OK. Click Duplicate.Roofs . Set the Material value to Metal . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 6.Paint Finish Ivory. Matte. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

9. you defined and applied a roof fascia. In this exercise. Roofs s 287 . Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.8. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.rvt.

The file should open to a 3D view. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Under Material parameter. under Profile parameter. Click OK. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK. On the Home tab. Place Gutters In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 6. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.Bevel: 5" x 5".Roofs . 1. 3. click Edit Type. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. you add gutters to a building.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 5. s Click Duplicate.rvt. click Roof > Gutter. 2. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. select Gutter . The completed exercise 4. For Name. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. select Metal Aluminum.

7. If you click the interior face. 8.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 10. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. the gutter displays on the wrong side. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Segments will clean up at corners. 9. 11. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. In this exercise. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Roofs s 289 . Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. you attached gutters to a roof.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.Roofs . water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. heat.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.m. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.

True b. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Low b. s Place fascia. None of the above 3. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. High d. a. When referring to roof slope. True b. Hip c. Gable b. a. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Shed 4. s Place gutters. the run is always 12.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. General Questions 1. Gambrel d. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 2. s Define a roof structure.Roofs . Medium c. a.

Defines Slope c. Walls. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Trim/Extend b. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. you use: a. sketch. a. place a check mark next to: a. face b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Footprint b. a. a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. DEL d. lines c. Roofs can be created using ______. pick d. A compound roof contains layers. Walls d. extrusion. c. Create Slope d. b. profile. False 5. Face 3. Footprint. To add a slope to a roofline. True b. Add Slope b. Material 8. ENTER 4. d. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Slope c. Sketch. SHIFT c. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. a. Footprint. Extrusion d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Expand/Contract 6. 10. a. Activate Slope 9. Create an opening. TAB b. profile 2. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. ______ or _______. a. False 7. True b. extrusion. Footprint b. Change the direction of the slope. True b. Cut/Lengthen c. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Sketch c. Change the direction of the roof. Turn slopes on or off.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Create slope annotations. s Create material annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Lesson Plan 1. s Create filled regions. s Create a section view. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.

and wall conditions at that particular slice location. In a commercial structure. and special equipment. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. In a residential building. cabinetry. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. After completing this lesson. interior elevations may be used to show display cases.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and tool racks. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. bathrooms. Sections are used to examine the roof. the location of special equipment. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. floor. the kitchen.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Engineering. and Language Arts. engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Technology. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

framing. and are properly cross-referenced. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. and foundation plans. across its narrower dimension. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.Sections and Elevations . t Cross or transverse sections. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. on the long axis of the building.

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. partial. full.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. For larger elevations.Sections and Elevations . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.

refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. South. Unnecessary Information Shades. and so forth. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. cars. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the titles assigned (North.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. For siding. With interior elevations. bushes. For example. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. shadows. For a wood structure." Mfr. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and then the name of the material. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. followed by any additional information about spacing. You may. Therefore. this is reversed. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. The size of the object is listed first. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . the surface covering and underlayment is notated. people. quantity. or methods of installation. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. East. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. however. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design.

other openings. wood. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. doors. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". and lip. and other appliances. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Hinges are concealed. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. or MDF. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. This is usually done using a topset. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. dishwashers. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. and types of finish materials used. It may have curves. which is a formed pressboard.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". flush overlay. tile. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. shelf arrangements. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. or linoleum) and the wall. or a baseboard. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. chamfers. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . or decorative patterns. casements. and special equipment such as toilets. The trim is usually glued into place. coving. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Molding is usually made of plaster. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. and materials used. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. doors and direction of door swings. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. windows. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. This is more costly than regular overlay. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling.Sections and Elevations . The wood is placed vertically against the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening.

Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Change the section head. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. and a section symbol on all plans. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Add slope annotations. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. which you can then add to a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Create an interior elevation. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates.

The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Once created. This lesson relates to science. like an elevation. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Sections and Elevations . engineering. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Technology. technology. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A section is a horizontal view. and Language Arts. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. elevation. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Sections and Elevations s 307 . Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. or other section view.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. When you create a section view. By resizing the crop region.Sections and Elevations .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view.

such as anchor bolts and siding. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. tracing over the existing elements. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Add structural details. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Once you create the detail section. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. So. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Details are crucial for effective construction. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. In a set of construction documents. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. s Add detail notes. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Add breaklines as needed. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. In the example shown. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. the slope of this roof is 2:12.

try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The Section command is available from the View tab. 4. Create a Section View 1. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 3. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The file opens to a 3D view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Open the file ADA_Sections. On the View tab.rvt. 2. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Create panel. click Section. The completed exercise 6.

Sections and Elevations . 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The actual location is not critical. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Section Properties 1. 3. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. and it has control grips to resize it. 2. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. On the Properties palette. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. With the section line selected. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. This is called the crop region. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.

Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 7. 6. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. In this exercise. The view is listed in your Project Browser. When you drew the section line.4.rvt. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. In the Properties palette. Clear Crop Region Visible. 5. you automatically created a section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 8. The section view updates.

Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 3. click Duplicate. 2. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Section Head . Select Section Head-Open. 4. In the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 5. On the Manage tab.Filled. Load from Library panel.1 point Filled. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. They include Section Head .rvt.No Arrow. 6. On the Insert tab.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 7.Sections and Elevations . and Section Head . In this exercise. click Load Family.rfa. For Name. Settings panel. The view does not change. enter Open Arrow. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Open to load the family. Click OK. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Several section head families are available.

No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.Open. Save as Unit8_section_open. 14. Click OK. enter Open Arrow. 9. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. In this exercise. 13. 11. Click OK. select Section Head . For Section Head. 10.rvt. For Name. In the Section Tag field. The section head updates to the new head type. 12. Click Duplicate.8. click Edit Type. Sections and Elevations s 315 . Select the section line. On the Properties palette. select Open Arrow.

it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. select the border of the callout. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 6. This is a building section. Use the image below for guidance. 2. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0".Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create panel. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it.Sections and Elevations . 3. Open file ADA_Detail_Section.rvt. On the Options Bar. To reposition the callout head. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. click Callout. On the View tab. 4. 5.

You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. detail components. but not strongly. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Properties palette. 4. 1. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab.rvt. region patterns. 8. You can add detail lines. 2. click Region > Filled Region. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view.7. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. On the Draw panel. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Trace over the lower left corner of the view. On the Options Bar. select Chain. Line is selected automatically. 3. as shown. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. enter Earth.5. For Name. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Select the upper and right side lines. On the Properties palette. 7. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click OK.Sections and Elevations .

select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.rfa. On the Place Detail Component tab.8. 9. Detail panel. 2. select Finish (green check).Section. Click OK. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 3. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Click Open. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 1. the filled region may appear as solid fill. the pattern becomes visible. If you zoom in closer. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. click Load Family. From the Fill Pattern list. click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 319 . On the Mode panel.

Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. In the Specify Types dialog box. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.4. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. From the Type Selector.Sections and Elevations . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK. 5. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

Move it after placement if necessary. select Plywood. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Sections and Elevations s 321 . From the Type Selector. Using the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. 7. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.6. From the Type Selector list.

set the Thickness to 3/4". 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the image below for guidance. Click Modify. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 12.9. 11. Click Component > Detail Component. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Place the component similarly to the image below. This component represents the subflooring. Select the vertical plywood. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 10. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. select anchor bolt. On the Properties palette. From the Type Selector.Sections and Elevations .

Add another Detail Component. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 .13. From the Type Selector. select Lap Siding. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Copy. Use the image below for guidance. On the Options Bar. 14. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Multiple.

Detail panel. Add Detail Lines 1. On the Annotate tab. Start at the end of the siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. select Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations . 16. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Line Style Selector. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.15. click Detail Line. 2. Save the file. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.

3. 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Zoom out. Still using Wide Lines.

In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 8. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. identified as Wall material 1. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Select the wall so it highlights. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. On the Annotate tab. 10. click Insulation. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 7. Detail panel. Save the file. 2. Click Modify. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. select the Material field in row 3. Add Insulation 1. Next. 9. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. The wall display updates. Click Edit in the Structure field. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.6.Sections and Elevations .

Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. Your view should resemble the image shown. select Break Line. Detail panel. From the Type Selector. On the Annotate tab. click Component > Detail Component.

Click Zoom to Fit. 5. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The view should resemble the image shown. Save the file. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). you created a detail section view and added filled regions.4. To complete the detail.Sections and Elevations . Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. You place another breakline. Place the breakline as shown. detail lines. The Detail Component tool is still active. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 6. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. and detail components to it. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. In this exercise. 7.

The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. weatherproofing. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The size of the object is listed first.rvt. quantity. 3. 2. The border around the view will disappear. 1. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . or methods of installation. To add notes. With nothing selected in the view. and ventilation methods in construction documents. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. s Clear Annotation Crop.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

On the Format panel. 9. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. As you pull your cursor to the right.Sections and Elevations . Move the pointer up 11. Finally. 7. 12. insulation. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . From the Type list. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 6. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. R13.4. Text panel. On the Annotate tab. 8. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.4" WEATHERING. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 10. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. click Two Segments. click Text. leader arrow as shown. 5. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.13. . 14. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click off the text to finish the entry. Sections and Elevations s 331 . and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 19. O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the floorboard. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT..TYPE X. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. as the second line of text.C.. 18. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 16. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. 20.C. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 17. or wood treated with preservative against rot.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 15.

Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click Modify. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 23. Click Zoom to Fit. Click ENTER to start a second line. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 21.. In this exercise.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 22.Sections and Elevations . 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt.

rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In this exercise. and locate the detail view on it. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Highlight your title block. The new sheet becomes the current view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 5. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. 4. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Click Open. Right-click. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. section. highlight Sheets.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Project Browser. you create a new sheet with your custom title block.rvt. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 3. 6. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 2. Click New Sheet. click Load. or elevation view. Locate the A-Landscape.

334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Project Browser. close to the crop border. Click the control at its left end. Select a Level Line. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar. On the View Control Bar.7.Sections and Elevations . Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. select view Detail at Foundation. 9. Drag it to the right. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 8. click Show Crop Region. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. click Hide Crop Region.

s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. enter S. In the Project Browser. Click OK. s Modified the label values in the title block. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 11. Right-click. 12. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter Detail at Foundation Sill. In this exercise. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. For Name. For Number. Click Zoom to Fit. 13. Click Rename. you: s Created a new sheet.10. highlight the new sheet.301.

Click Zoom to Fit. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Add slope indication for roof. south. 5. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 6. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 3.Sections and Elevations . The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation markers are now visible. Click the Annotations tab. Open ADA_Elevations. Select Elevations. s Set the display for building components as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. east. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Right-click. When you create a project with a template. s Add any necessary dimensions. Click OK. 2. 2. It is defined by the green dotted line. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 4. and west. s Add material notes. four elevation views are included: north. Turn On Elevation Markers 1.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. Next. clear Planting. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. clear Sections. On the View Control Bar. 5. On the Annotations tab. On the Modelling tab. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Sections and Elevations s 337 . 3. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 4.2. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet.

Save the file as Unit8_elevation. and modified the wall display characteristics. 9. 11.Exterior Stucco.rvt. click to open the list. 10. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. In Surface Pattern. Click the button that displays to select a material. 8. Click Zoom to Fit. 13. On the Properties palette. Select Sand. select Edit in the Structure field. you activated an elevation view. 12. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Select the wall. It will be identified as Condo . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. modified its display. click Edit Type.Sections and Elevations .7.

Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. or methods of installation. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 5. 3. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 4. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The size of the object is listed first. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 2. Add a note for the stone wall. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Add a note for the foundation.rvt. In the Type Selector. Enter TX. quantity. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views.

6. Add a note for the roof. 9. Add a note for the brick wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. 7. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . you added text notes to your exterior elevation.rvt.

5. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. For Offset from Reference. 2. select Triangle. enter 1/8". you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.rvt. 6. click Spot Slope. 3. Sections and Elevations s 341 . The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 4. Dimension panel. from the Slope Representation list. On the Options Bar. 1. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Click to select the roof line. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. On the Annotate tab.

9. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click to select the roof line. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click Modify. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click to locate the slope indicator. On the Annotate tab. 11. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.Sections and Elevations .7. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Dimension panel. click Aligned. 10.

select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. leaders. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. To create a continuous dimension as shown. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. 14.12. and vertical dimensions. The west elevation now contains material notes. 13. Sections and Elevations s 343 . and dimensions for clarity. slope indicators.rvt.

3. Click Find Referring Views. 2. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. In the Project Browser. Click Open View.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. equipment rooms.rvt. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. kitchens. and cabinetry. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This view was already defined in the drawing. Right-click.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. special closets. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. dimensions. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Highlight the view.

Right-click. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click OK. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click the value field for Units Format 8. 6.4. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. 5. Select Suppress 0 Feet. In the Name box. Clear Use Project Settings. Dimension panel. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. 7. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. s s s s Click Duplicate.

Sections and Elevations . 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. Using the Text and Dimension tools. In this exercise.9. 10. You modified a dimension style. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. detail the interior section. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

All of the above. Not in Contract c. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Create material annotations. s Create slope annotations. The direction the structure is facing. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. a. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Either one. Walls c. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Nobody in Charge d. it depends. is always the true orientation. 4. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. d. c. b. c. s Create a section view. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Cabinetry d. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. False 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. True b. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Not in Concrete b. The direction the viewer is facing. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. All of the above 5. General Questions 1. 2. Show the relationships between elements. b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. such as north.

The height of the view. The boundaries of the view. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. South d. b and c. c. b.Sections and Elevations . b. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. West c. True b. but not a 6. Element properties c. True b. East b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. click Sheet Composition > View. Which elevation is it? a. False 5. Click Add View. a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . False 2. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. d. Right-click. On the View tab. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The dotted line indicates: a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. you use: a. The Visual Style of the view. Sun and Shadow b. 4. a. The detail level of the view. c. North 3. d.

(Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Load a schedule tag.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. Review Schedules. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 6. 3. Lesson Plan 1. s Reformat a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 5. 4. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson.Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and Language Arts. and math standards. engineering. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. This lesson relates to science. technology. such as reference number. Some of these building objects include. and thickness. Technology. About Schedules s 351 . about the building objects in your architectural plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. width. To review the list of standards for each lesson. height. Engineering. Math (STEM).column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.Schedules . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. Instance. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. There are different types of schedule tables. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. However.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). depending on the style of the architectural firm. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the same primary information is included.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .

the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. E for electrical. A circle.Schedules . hexagon. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. and A for appliances. However. window. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Other letters are P for plumbing. Like schedules. Using the software. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. The following image shows door. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.

materials. Engineering.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. and Language Arts. equipment. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedules list items such as doors. hardware. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. s Export a schedule. technology. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. s Add room tags. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. and you can create your own schedules. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Create a room schedule. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. rooms. Schedules s 355 . Project templates include preset schedules. engineering. Math (STEM).

Open ADA_Window_Schedules. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.rvt.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. 2. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. and you set the schedule to display totals.Schedules .

s Window Tag 5. Continue to add fields to the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click Add. Select Windows from the list. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. and Width. 7. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Level. select Comments. In Available Fields. Schedules s 357 . You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Type Mark. Height. 3. 6. On the View tab. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 4. Add Count. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box.

Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules . Select the fields. from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 9. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.

Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. but without any useful calculations yet. 1. Schedules s 359 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 2. Select Blank Line. 3. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. From the Sort By list. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. select Type Mark.

click the schedule name. 4. In the Project Browser. you can have the schedule report this.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. in the Then By sorting field. The schedule still does not show totals by window type.Schedules . In order to calculate the total number of windows. select Level. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. clear Itemize Every Instance. for Sorting/ Grouping. click Edit. in this case). In the lower left corner of the dialog box. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 3. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2. On the Properties palette. Rather than make a manual calculation. Notice how the schedule has changed. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.

you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. In this exercise. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. The totals for each window type now display. Schedules s 361 .5. select Footer. click Edit 7. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Count. 6.rvt. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. From the list. and Totals. for Sorting/ Grouping. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Set the schedule to display category totals. select Title. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. On the Properties palette.

The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Click Open. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. 2.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. On the Home tab. click Overwrite the Existing Version. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. occupancy. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. ceiling type. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. based on the amount of space in each room. Room size. In this exercise. 4.Schedules . Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 5. 3. floor type. Locate the file named Room Tag. Room & Area panel. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Open ADA_Room_Tags. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. click Room > Room.

and in the hall as shown. Schedules s 363 . 6. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 7. click Room > Room Separation Line. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Room & Area panel. 8. On the Home tab. Click Modify to terminate the placement.In the Type Selector. a total of 7.

11. On the Room & Area panel. 12. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The cursor changes to sketch mode. click Room. 13. 10. Click Modify. Select Room #2. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.9. An edit box activates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. The room tag updates. The area value for Room 7 updates. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. s Click the Room text. Place a room tag below the room separation line. s Change the word Room to Manager.Schedules .

On the Properties palette. you: s Loaded a room tag. 15. s Tagged various objects. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. In this exercise. enter Sales. Schedules s 365 . for Name. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Added a room separation. s Changed room tag field values.14.rvt. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.

and Area to be included in your schedule. In the Available Fields pane. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Name. For Name. 3. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Click Add--> after each selection. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Click OK. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Create a Room Schedule 1.rvt. 6. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Set the Sort By value to Number. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the View tab. select Number. The completed exercise 5.Schedules . 2. 4. enter Square Footage Report. Create panel.

Select Grand Totals. 10.7. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. clear Use Project Settings. Select Title and Totals from the list. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. 8. Schedules s 367 . 9. Highlight the Area field. s Select Calculate Totals. Click OK. Highlight the Number field. s Click Field Format. s Set Alignment to Right. s Set Units to Square Feet. In the Format dialog box. Click the Formatting tab. Change the Heading to No.

you: s Created a room schedule.11. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .rvt. In this exercise. s Totaled one of the columns. 12. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.

Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise.rvt. Note the formatting that has been applied. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. you export the room schedule to a text file. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 6. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Using your Windows Explorer. On the application menu. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Click Save. 3. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 4. You can then use this file in other applications. Browse to a directory to save your report. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 2. Double-click it to open it.txt) file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. The file is created. 5. locate the file you created. Click OK. Schedules s 369 . Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.

7. Close the text file. 8.Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

True b. a. s Load a schedule tag. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. d. True b. Type b. A list of sheets used in a project. Quantity c. Instance 3. a. b. c. Matrix d. s Place a schedule tag. Questions 1. What is a schedule table? a. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. 2. False 4. A list of information that defines specific building objects. None of the above. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. s Export a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False Summary/Questions s 371 .

a. Annotate b. Annotate tab b. Manage tab 3. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Home d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. CSV d. use the ____ . a. XLS c. To export a schedule. View c. Application menu d. View tab c.Schedules .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Modify 2. TXT b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 3.

Finally. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add planting components. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Export an FBX file. Technology. and Language Arts. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. After completing this lesson. s Export a DWG file. s Create a raytrace rendering. The animation file can be played in any media player. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Play a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough.Visualization . s Place a camera. Engineering. s Assign materials. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Orient walls and windows. Math (STEM). Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Apply shading to a view. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. or camera on a path.

Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. s Make a camera view the active view. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You worked on animations. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Assign materials. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. s s 2. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.rvt. Open Unit2_custom_family. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. To prepare your model for rendering. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design.

You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Select any exterior wall. Right-click. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Stud. The wall display updates. The walls now display layers of materials. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.Visualization . click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 5. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 6.3. 4. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium.

select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select walls. Select the toposurface object. Open the Default 3D view. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Visualization s 377 . On the Properties palette. 8. Right-click. Click Change wall's orientation.7. In addition to using the control arrows. Select Site: Grass. Click OK. Repeat the process for the windows. 10. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. you can: s s s 9.

rvt. and click Open. Open 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box.11. click Export > FBX. Click OK in any notices and warnings. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.Visualization . Select the Roof. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Export the Model to FBX 1. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. click Import > Import. This will filter the file list. Depending on your system resources. Select the file name. 12. On the application menu. 2. 3. you have completed this exercise. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Save the file as Unit10_Export. for Files of type. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.FBX). Note the file location.

If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. There is no way to update it from Revit. Export the Model to DWG 1. Visualization s 379 . you have completed this exercise. open Unit10_Export. Note the file location.rvt.4. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 3. On the application menu. Close the file without saving. click Next. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Depending on your system resources. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. 2. If necessary. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

7. 5. Select two windows as shown.max. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.Visualization . Click Open. click Attach This File. Select the file name. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.4. In the File Link Manager . If necessary. On the application menu. Close the File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. click References > File Link Manager. click File. Open or return to Revit. 9. 8. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. open Unit10_Export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 6. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Open the 3D view.10. Save the export file using the same name as before. In the dialog box. 13. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Visualization s 381 . The windows have updated. Save the file. 11. 12.

382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The linked file updates. 15. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Click Reload. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. Open the File Link Manager. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition. s Close the File Link Manager. The windows have changed.Visualization . s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.14. s Oriented walls and windows. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. In this exercise. Open the Files tab. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.

change materials. click Camera. In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you place a camera in a model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. and create a second rendering. 2. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Place a Camera 1. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. On the View tab.rvt. add plantings to the model. Open the Site view. If you place the camera too close to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 . 3. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. generate a rendering. Create panel. as shown. Open Unit10_Export.

and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly.4. 7. Click Show Camera. 6. Open the Site view again. 5. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. s s s s Open a floor plan view. The camera will be visible. Right-click. The camera perspective view opens. On the View Control Bar. If necessary. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. click Show Rendering Dialog. select Very Few Clouds. Return to the perspective view. 2. Render Setup 1.

Open view 3D View 1. Model Site panel. Output Settings. Open the Site view. Enhance the Model 1. On the Massing & Site tab. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Click Render. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .3. 3. Visualization s 385 . and Lighting. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary.30' approximately as shown. 2. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render. Accept the default settings for Quality. click Site Component. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.

6.Visualization . Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click Edit Type. The model displays in the view. Select an exterior wall. 3. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. On the Properties palette. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Edit in the Structure field. click Edit Type. 2. In the Rendering dialog box.Wood Shake. click Show the Model. 5. In the Save to Project dialog box. Select the roof. 5. On the Properties palette. In the Layer 1 Material field. select Roofing . Revit places the image in its own view.4. click Save to Project. Change Materials 1. In the Materials list. 4. click OK. In the Rendering dialog box. and you can now select elements for editing.

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Replace. 8. Click Edit in the Structure field. 9. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. 7.10. Visualization s 387 .

rvt. s Generated and captured a second render image. Select Masonry . 14. Save the file as Unit10_render. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. click Render. click Save to Project. 15. These images are now available as options to present to a client. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK. s Created a raytrace setup.Visualization . The new image is placed in its own view. In the Rendering dialog box. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.Brick Uniform Running Brown. 12. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Placed site planting components in the model. In this exercise.11. 16. 13. s Generated and captured a render image.

In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Each view. s Right-click again. click 3d View > Walkthrough. click to the left of the model as shown. Create panel. Click Zoom Out (2x). The camera and path can be edited. 2. The cursor changes to a crosshair. or frame. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Open floor plan view Level 1. s On the View tab. s Edit the camera and path. or walkthroughs. 4. 3. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. in a project model. s Right-click. Visualization s 389 . and exported individually. To place a key frame. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit10_render. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. s View the animation in a media player. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. rendered.rvt. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model.

390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Finish Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel.5. The Options Bar changes. Walkthrough panel. so that the camera is pointing at the model. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 9. The camera is located on the final key frame. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 6. 10.Visualization . click Edit Walkthrough. 11. Repeat for all the key frames. Select the direction control for the camera. 8. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 7. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Drag it to the left.

On the Walkthrough panel. The path displays control dots at key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well.12. 2. click Next Key Frame. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Open. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Visualization s 391 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. From the Controls list. 3. If camera positions distort. select Path. 13. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Check the view in several key frames.

Click Play. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Video Compression dialog box. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 4. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 3. click OK. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 2. Click OK. Click Save. 2. The walkthrough plays in the view window.rvt. In the Length/Format dialog box. File Name. notice where you save the file.Visualization . On the application menu. Export the Walkthrough 1.

Plan your class time accordingly. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. 6. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Visualization s 393 . Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. such as shaded or rendering.5.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.7. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. save the Revit Architecture file. If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise.Visualization . s Played the animation file in a media player. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

Questions 1. s Export an FBX file. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. a. Align c. s Apply shading to a view. True b. a. s Add planting components. a. Split b. Print to File b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Export a walkthrough. you use: a. Save As > FBX c. s Create a raytrace rendering. Demolish 2. s Assign materials. True b. True b. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Flip Orientation d. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. you use: a. View > Shading d. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Play a walkthrough. Export > FBX 3. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Export a DWG file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. False 2.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

beam systems. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. beams and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. Lesson Plan 1. you learn how to place structural columns. 6. 2. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. foundations. 5. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 3. In the following exercises. and braces. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review structural columns. 4.

beams. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.Structural . For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. Knowing where structural members. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. walls.

Place beam systems and braces. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Create column grids. Math (STEM).Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. After completing this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Technology. and Language Arts. Structural s 401 . Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Structural columns can be steel. On the View Control Bar. spans without walls. beams can be steel. 3.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Select a floor. 2. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . click Column > Structural Column. or concrete.Structural . Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction.Hide Category. Beams connect columns or walls. this is known as post and beam construction. 1. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Open Deck Framing. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. In residential construction. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. often mainly glass. They come in types defined by size and shape. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. or reinforced concrete.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. wood. As with columns. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. wood. In this exercise. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.

click Depth. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Structural s 403 . On the View Control Bar. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.4. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 3A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 6. 8. 5. In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. and 4B. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 7. Repeat at grid intersections 2A.

Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). and columns clearly. Click OK.9. double-click view Framing Cutaway. rail. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 2. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click Hide In View > Element. 11. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2".Structural . In the Project Browser. 10. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Place Beams 1. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two floors.

click Beam. 5. select Chain. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. Click.3. In the Type Selector. s In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 4. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Structure panel. On the Structure tab.

Click Modify.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 7. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. Click. 6. On the Properties palette. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.

s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click Modify. 12. as shown. Structural s 407 . If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. click Make Wall Bearing. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. click Beam.8. Click OK.rvt. On the Properties palette. Click on grid intersection B4. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. 9. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 11. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structure panel. In this exercise. Click. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.

A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click the beam on Grid 1. click Pick Supports.Structural . 4. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Sketch Beam System. or number of beams in a bay. click Beam System. In this exercise. On the Structure tab. s Place braces. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. click No.rvt. you: s Place beam systems. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Place Beam Systems 1. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. distance. 3. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Open Deck Beams. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Structure panel. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. The completed exercise 5. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates.

6. Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. 7. as shown. click Line. On the Draw panel.

8. 10. click Finish (green check). Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.2". On the Properties palette.Structural . click Create Similar. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . On the Mode panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click the beam on Grid 2. s s s On the Draw panel. 11. Click Finish. Trim as necessary. s s On the Draw panel. s 9. click Pick Supports. On the Properties palette. click Line. set Elevation to -0'-9". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .6". s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

click Brace. 3.Place Braces 1. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. 5. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 4. Structure panel. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the Structure tab. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. On the View tab. unlike regular elevations. Adjust the view crop region as shown. It has an automatic work plane. as shown. Create panel. Click to place the elevation. Structural s 411 . In the Project Browser. 2. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the View Control Bar.

412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .6. 8. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 9. to start the brace.Structural . In the view window. 7. Click Modify. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.

Save the file as Deck structure. In this exercise. s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. Structural s 413 . you: s Placed beam systems.10. 11.

s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. beams. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. elevation. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. but they can also be angular and radial. and section views. and walls. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The exact location is not critical. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. 2. s s In the view window. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. In this exercise. In plan views. This is a common step early in designing a large building. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Datum panel.Structural . The exact length is not critical. Pull the cursor straight up. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grid datasets. as shown. The numbering automatically increments. click Grid. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. You can change a grid number at any time.

Click to place a new grid line. Click to start another grid line. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 .3. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. 4.

s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Repeat to create grid line 4. Enter A at the keyboard. 7. Grid 3 is already the selection set. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Select Grid Line 2. click to place the grid line. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.5. Press ENTER. 6. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. click Copy. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.Structural . Press ENTER. close to the heads. The new grid line will be number 3. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Pull the cursor to the right. The new grid line is number 5. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click to start a grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Pull the cursor to the left.

Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Structural s 417 . 9. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. s Click Copy.1 is still selected. s Select grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset. 11. This grid line will be number B. Change the number to 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Grid 2.8. The Grid tool is still active. s Click to place the grid line. This completes the main grid. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1. On the grid line. 10.

On the Options Bar. enter 15.000 o . 3. 4. set Offset to 15'-0". Zoom to Fit. Click to place the grid head.Structural . The Grid tool is still active.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Home tab. On the Draw panel. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. s Click to start the grid line. click Radius. s s Click grid intersection D3. click Grid. Click in the new grid bubble. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Create panel. select Center-Ends Arc. On the Options Bar. Change the number to EE. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". In the Radius field. Press ENTER. click Pick. On the Draw panel.

Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Structural s 419 . Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids.5. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. You will need to identify it easily. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 7. Click to place grid FF. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. 6.

To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s 10. Enter 31 to change the name. s In this exercise. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. click Mirror . 9. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Zoom to Fit. click Create Similar. 11. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Click in the new grid bubble. s Click grid intersection D3.8. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.000. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Click to place the grid line. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Select grid 31.Structural .Pick Axis. Press ENTER. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Select grid 3.rvt. Revit will create grid 32.

s 3. s Add footings to columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Structure panel. In the Type Selector. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Use a column grid to place beams. click Column > Structural Column. 2. s Change a grid layout. Now you place columns at grid intersections. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In this exercise. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you typically create a grid. Open ADA_Grids-complete. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structural s 421 . Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. This is a steel column. As a result.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 5. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 4. In the Multiple panel. click Finish. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4.Structural . 3. click At Grids. A. set Height to Level 3. On the Multiple panel. 2. C and D.s s On the Options Bar. 6. B.

4. click On Grids. columns. Structural s 423 . Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. click Beam. The grid. 3. Click Grid 1. 5. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. click Finish. Window-select all the grid lines. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 2. Zoom to Fit.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1.

window-select all the columns. Columns and beams will move to the right. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 2. click No. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click Isolated. click Finish. click At Columns. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. click Undo. 4. 1. 6. On the Quick Access toolbar. 3. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family.Structural . On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Open the Default 3D view. On the Multiple panel.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Click Redo. On the Multiple panel.

Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. The footing had been placed at Level 1. To change the size of the footing. in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 6. s On the Properties palette. A warning displays. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing changes size. Press ESC to clear the column selection. 7. Click OK.5. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Structural s 425 .

8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Save and close the file. s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Added footings to columns.Structural . In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams.

Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

Structural . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. 2. s Use a column grid to place columns. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Brace c. All of the above.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place braces. Questions 1. s Place beam systems. s Change a grid layout. Column b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Add footings to columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . True b.

Properties c. Select the type of beam or column to place. d. you: a. Pick points. a. c. Stretch b. you use: a. you can: a. c. 3.Structural . 2. False 4. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. When placing columns or beams. 5. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. True b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. To change the height of a column. If you relocate a grid line. A but not B. d. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. A and B. To create a beam system. Select a beam type and define the system layout. True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Flip Orientation d. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. All of the above. a. b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Inc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Ltd.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Teacher.Executive Director. CA Ronald A Williams.Instructor. Susan Harrington . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .org Project Lead the Way. WI Roger Dohm . Smith . Copyright s 431 . International Technology Education Association www. Poway.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. PE . South Division High School. Mathematics.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Randy Dymond. Poway High School.Director. Milwaukee. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Starkweather .iteaconnect.

USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . product names. Trademarks Autodesk. “AS IS. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. by any method.. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. CA 94903. AutoCAD.© 2010 Autodesk. All rights reserved. Inc. INC. Published by: Autodesk. Autodesk Revit Architecture. All rights reserved. AutoCAD Civil 3D. AutoCAD Architecture. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. INC. Autodesk Inventor.. AutoCAD MEP. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. All other brand names. Inc. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. this publication. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Inc. Inc. for any purpose. Autodesk Revit MEP. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. or parts thereof. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. 2010 Autodesk. Inc.” AUTODESK.

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