Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch.When sketching walls. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

stairs. elevation. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and 3D views. floors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. Other building elements such as doors. section. roofs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . windows. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.Software Tools . You can add building elements in plan. furniture.

windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown. If one is moved. the other will move as well. In the illustration shown.While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . In essence.If the left side wall is moved.

Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 .Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Place a predefined Mass family. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Technology. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Constrain placement of objects. and math standards. technology.

A designer. Masses can be edited in many ways. size. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. owner. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. such as distance requirements from roadways. and then converted into building components such as floors. you can create in-place masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. walls. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . There are mass families available to load into a project. and curtain systems. or masses. roofs. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. quickly. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. walls. masses. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). tags. technology. s Recognize temporary dimensions. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and math standards. Annotation includes text notes. legends. and symbol heads. engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Engineering. s Explain the use of dimensions. Technology. and Language Arts.

rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. radial. or angular. and permanent dimensions for annotating.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Software Tools . s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. and math standards. and Options Bar. This lesson relates to science. s Open and use ribbon tabs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Type Selector. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Engineering. Technology. and Language Arts.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). engineering. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Work with tool buttons.

Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. beams. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Its position is fixed. windows. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. for instance. Display and Navigation s 31 . You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Some commands will not be active (that is. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. doors. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

structural walls. symbols. columns. detailing. Display and Navigation s 33 .The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. and foundations. and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. trusses. braces. slabs.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

and parameters.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . materials.Software Tools . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open. and Close. This menu has file management tools such as New. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print.Software Tools .

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . with four elevation markers visible. families. Legends. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and groups.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. schedules. sheets. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

Software Tools . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. visual style. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. shadow display. and a selection filter counter at the far right end.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. level of detail. sun settings. A check mark indicates it is visible. rendering (in 3D views). Windows panel on the ribbon. cropping. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.

Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Display and Navigation s 43 .

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line is the default. Shaded. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. Display and Navigation s 47 . date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. or by global location. which can be according to the view. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

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and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Once elements have been hidden.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls. enabling you to select them.

Insert. Display and Navigation s 55 . To activate or open a view. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Nine tabs are available: Home. Annotate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Collaborate. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Massing & Site. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Structure. View.

Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Display and Navigation s 57 . If you select items in the view window. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. showing options that you can select while you are working. Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. a context tab opens on the ribbon. When a context tab is active. Options Bar.Context Tabs. the Options Bar may display below it. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Print. such as File Open. Export. the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. Click a file name to open that file. and Publish. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Display and Navigation s 65 . On the right is a list of recently opened files.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. File Save. File Close only appears on the application menu. New File.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

2. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. After you have examined each of them. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 3. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Display and Navigation s 67 . To start a new project. Select Minimize to Panel Titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. If you select the menu option. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The completed exercise 4. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. or click New > Project from the application menu. Do this for other tabs. make the Home tab active.

Select Cycle Through All. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.Software Tools . Icons for panels display below tab titles. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. In this exercise. and then viewed. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you opened a project file. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Close the file without saving. 7. 6. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.5. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.

The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started. 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Display and Navigation s 69 . In the Project Browser. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Open quick_start_building_elements.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. doubleclick the view name. Exercise 2.

Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. doors. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. You are selecting everything visible. and windows highlight blue. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". . On the Properties palette. 8. 4. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Clear Walls and Doors. 7. Click any interior wall. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 5.3.Software Tools . The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click OK. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. all the walls. 6. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model.

rvt. 11. Place a door as shown.9. 12. you opened a project file. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click any door. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. In this exercise. Display and Navigation s 71 . Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. click Create panel > Create Similar. On the Properties palette. examined the menus and toolbars. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 10.

Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Pan. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Engineering. and Language Arts. Revit provides floor plan. floors). Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. annotations. display controls. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. You can create sections. either predefined or user-created. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. mechanical equipment). Math (STEM). drafting views. and elevation views by default. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Work with Revit families. Technology. s Create a new in-place family.Software Tools . In the exercises. templates. lines. Component families include model objects (furniture. System families include levels. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. s Load and place component families. schedules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. and views. operating settings. building elements (walls.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and 3D views using the View menu. ceiling plan. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering. and math standards. technology.This lesson relates to science.

Four elevation markers are visible. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Click OK. 2. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. There is no way to see everything in it. The elevation markers disappear from the view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. VG also opens the dialog box. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools .rvt. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. The display changes. There is also a copy in the course datasets. is an extensive database. even a small one. Right-click. Open Unit2_building_elements. First. The completed exercise Visibility 1.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Rightclick in the view window. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form.

Click Open. Right-click. Click Zoom In Region. 6. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Right-click. There are two parts to an elevation. 7. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Select Detail Level: Medium. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Zoom to Fit.4. so be sure to select them both. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Enter ZF. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. 5. click Detail Level. Select the roof outline.

doors and windows are not shown. On the Properties palette. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view.8. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. View Properties 1. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Turn off visibility of the elevations. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. change the Underlay value to None. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment.Software Tools . The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. 2. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. as before. Enter VH.

click Edit. enter Roof. Click OK. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Right-click. the ridge is now visible. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Next to View Range. Set the cut plane value to 7' .3. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. and where the cut plane sits. Click Rename. For Name.0". 4.

Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Presets list. select Winter Solstice. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shading with Edges. 3. Open Elevation view South. select Shadows On. In the dialog box that opens. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Set the time to 9:30 am.Software Tools . 4. 2. under Solar Study.Graphic Display Options 1. Accept the location that activates. select Still. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 5.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. 6. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update.rvt. Save the file as Unit2_views. In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

Doors. There are system families. s A system family. Additionally. 2. Open Unit2_views. In Revit. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise.Software Tools . windows. you open an existing project file. is predefined within Revit. and furniture. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and families in place. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. or stand-alone (for example. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. On the Home tab. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. standard families. windows. and use a Revit family to place a door. walls. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and annotations are examples of standard families. These components are called families and there are several different types. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Doors are considered standard family entities. You add closet doors to interior walls. 3. furniture). and place Revit families. This exercise illustrates how you locate. railings. roofs. click Door. such as levels. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Build panel. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. load. and so on. and floors. furniture. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. commercial. or institutional structures. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. except they are fully parametric and table-driven.rvt. floors. lights.

Locate Double Panel 2.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Accept the default size. Furniture.rfa. and Annotation. On the Modify | Place Door tab. 4. Family files have a file extension of *. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Working with Views and Objects s 81 .rvt. The Door Insertion tool stays active. If you highlight a door family. s s 6. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Project files have a file extension of *. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 5. Click Open. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. It has a number of different sizes defined. Click Open. Click the Doors folder. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. As you move your cursor near any wall. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. You click to place an instance of the door family. Tag panel.

simply click it. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.Software Tools . 8. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .7. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. and placed instances of a door family. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. you located. Place an instance of the door as shown. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.rvt. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. but not strongly. loaded. 9. In this exercise. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Place two more instances of the door as shown.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. modify a door family. Open Unit2_doors_walls. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. and create an in-place family. The required width is not available. click Duplicate. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. enter 48" x 80". 5. Click OK. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name. Select the double door as shown.rvt. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 3.

and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Click OK. In the dialog box. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. click Component > Model In-Place. 2. enter Hall Clock. 5.Software Tools . For Name. set the Extrusion End value to 6". select Generic Models. 4. On the Properties palette. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Build panel. Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The door updates. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. is to create a component family in place. On the Home tab. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 3. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 1.6. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings.

Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". In this exercise. The family model updates. as shown. 8. 11. 10. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 7. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 13. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.rvt. 9.4" as shown.0' 2". Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. you located. 12. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. On the Draw panel.6. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . loaded. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. click Rectangle. and placed a door family. You have created the base of the clock. Click OK.2". Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Revit will display .

s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.Software Tools . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math.

Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Questions 1. Views can be renamed. d. a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Zoom to the entire model. False 2. depending on the template selected. Right-click. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Open different views. tab. Spin the model in 3D space. c. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. d. s Access. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. False 3. and click Open. and place a family from a library. b. True b. and Options Bar. Each project has several predefined views.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. s Change view properties. False 5. b. a. 7. Zoom in Region is used to: a. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Turn on Shadows. b. True b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. d. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. c. s Change view displays. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Adjust Visual Style Options. context tabs. True b. s Change type properties of a family. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 6. Either a or b. The tool shown is used to: a. False 4. s Create an in-place model family.Software Tools . a. c. load. To activate a view: a. Create a 3D perspective view.

Pan and Zoom b. depending on settings 9. etc. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. A family created within a project is called ________________. Rotate c. a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Parts d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Properties palette 10. Families 11. In-Place d. Scroll d.) are called: a. All of the above. Multiview b. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. Blocks c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Standard b. System c. windows.8. Project Browser d.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. s Create dimension and text styles. 5. Review Revit Architecture setup. 3. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 2. s Set project units. s Create dimensions and text. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 7. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create a project template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Create labels. Lesson Plan 1.

After completing this lesson.org.org. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Engineering. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Math (STEM). Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.Standards and Building Codes . to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. and so forth. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. linetypes. colors. linetypes. should be used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Visit the AIA website at www. Technology. Explain why templates are used. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.aias. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.aia. and Language Arts. based on the AIA standards. and the settings that are preset within them. Visit the AIAS website at www. defining the layers. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology.

A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. like mechanical drawing. doors. windows. one window. a garage. and one closet. a bathroom. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A garage must be completely enclosed. the number being its numerical value. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. For example. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. If there is a fire. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. If it lacks any of these components. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a common area (such as a living room or family room). Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. and so on. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. otherwise it is considered a carport.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. it cannot be called a bedroom. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. and so on. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. defined and adopted by convention.Standards and Building Codes . 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. it must have at least one door. A unit is a particular physical quantity.

glass. Another method is to apply dual notation. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . in the United States.For example. However. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control.. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. unit symbol ft. is 169 m. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. units are applied to dimensions. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure.. In architectural drafting. Here h is the physical quantity. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. the construction industry still uses the English. also known as the International System of Units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. using imperial units. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. such as room size and wall height. or imperial. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. and other materials. is 555 ft. unit symbol m. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.

) 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.Scales are ratios. every 1/8" would represent 1'. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. and viewports. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. In Revit Architecture. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). line weight and pattern. one value representing another value. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Each size is designated by a letter. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". sheets. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.

Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. notes Demolition. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). Standards and Building Codes s 97 . An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). The integers go from 0 to 9. site plan. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.a modified version of the AIA standard. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. temporary Schedules Sections. You create and position views. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. and then add a title block or other symbols.01.01. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. elevators. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. symbols.

The paper is oriented landscape. and layer standards. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. drawing scales. Usually. so that the height is less than the width. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. fonts. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and so on. that is. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet.Standards and Building Codes . and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. the date drawn. the HVAC company. followed by information on the building's owner. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. and other relevant information. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the author of the drawing. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. annotation plot sizes. For example. The next space is for tracking revisions. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The column is divided into sections. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Typically. the electrician.

dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. required symbols. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . title blocks.

Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and walls.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. dimension styles. These can be used to build your model. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes . views. Technology. Math (STEM). Engineering. windows. and Language Arts.

Settings s 101 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

factory. you use templates as starting points. On the application menu. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. or store. In the New Project dialog box. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Select a Template 1. Condominiums.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . A residential building is a single-family dwelling. click New > Project. apartments. you create a new project file using a template. Open Revit to an empty project file. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. click Browse. 3. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In Revit. 2. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit.

On the application menu. Select the Residential-Default.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. saving set up time. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Settings s 103 . you started a new project file using a standard template. Click Open. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. In this exercise. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 5. Click OK. click Close to close this project without saving.4. 6.

This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. The file opens to a 3D view.Standards and Building Codes . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.rvt. Click to start a new wall. Build panel. 2. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 3. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Press ESC to cancel the wall. the drawing setup options are preset. In the courseware datasets folder. click Wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Wall tool remains active. In the Project Browser. Pull the cursor to the right. In this exercise. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. expand Floor Plans under Views. open ADA__Settings. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.

) 6. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. and move the cursor right. click to start a new wall. In this exercise. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 5.4.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Place the cursor over the left wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. Click Format for Length. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Settings s 105 . 8. Close the file without saving. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Click OK twice to save the setting change. 7.

temporary and permanent. create. Temporary dimensions display when you select. click Duplicate. click Edit Type. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimensions not only display. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 3. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.Standards and Building Codes . The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Aligned. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Open ADA_Dimensions. On the Annotate tab. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. For Name. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 1. enter Big Text. there are two types of dimensions. 2.rvt. but also control the size and location of objects. Click OK. 4. On the Properties palette. Dimension panel. or insert components. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. By default.

Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Click OK twice. 6. The Dimension tool is still active. left. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Select the top. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Click to place. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 107 . In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.5. 7.

In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. and far right vertical walls. you opened an existing file. Click to place the dimension. s s s Select the far left. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Close the file without saving.8. created a new dimension style. upper. The Dimension tool stays active.

Right-click.rvt. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Settings s 109 . You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. 3. Notice the door and window tags. In the datasets folder. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. In order to do this. There are no annotations visible. and the view window displays the new plan. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. 2. These are annotations. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise.

In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 9. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Model Categories tab. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 8. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 6. click Project Information. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click OK to update the display of this view. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 7. In the Project Browser. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Settings panel. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK. Double-click to open it. 5. Click Rename. On the Manage tab. 1.4.

2. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. click Edit. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. or supply your own values: Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information.) 3. 3. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Rightclick. Settings s 111 . Click OK. 2. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click OK. Click New Sheet. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Enter the address as shown. You can also enter the address of your school.Add a Sheet 1. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. In the Value column of Project Address. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.

It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Notice the change to the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. In the Identity Data and Other sections. 5. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.Standards and Building Codes . 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Next. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.4. Click Apply.

Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 2. Select Deactivate View. 3. Select the new viewport. Click Activate View. Right-click in the view. Settings s 113 . You see the view at the end of your cursor.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet.

Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Added a sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The Scale updates in the title block. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .5. Finish the move. The view updates on the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Place the cursor 7. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes.Standards and Building Codes . deselect it. you: select it. of the sheet. 6. Close the file without saving.

The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Start Revit Architecture.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.rft. click New > Titleblock.5.5 title block template opens. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. A copy of the 11 x 8. Click Open. It opens to the Recent Files window. Settings s 115 . On the application menu. 4. This is one of the longer exercises. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 2. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8. 3.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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you created a title block using a template file. Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Accept the Sample Value.9. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 12. In this exercise. s Accept the Sample Value. 10. On the application menu. select Drawn By. s Click Add. 11. Accept the Sample Value. 14. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Checked By. Save the title block as A . On the Quick Access toolbar. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Your teacher may specify another location. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Add a label for Sheet Number.rfa.Landscape. click Save to save the title block. Right-click. 15. 13. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Close.Standards and Building Codes .

and then load a custom title block into your project. click New to create a new project using the default template. Click Open. The title block appears in the graphics window. you create a new project file. Highlight the title block and click OK. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. On the View tab. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. 2. Locate your title block. 5. Insert a Title Block 1. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Your title block is now displayed in the list.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 4. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. 3. In the Recent Files window. Settings s 125 . A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks.

enter your instructor's name.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. On the Properties palette. Settings panel. 5. 4.Standards and Building Codes . Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. On the Manage tab. Select the title block. 3.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Click OK. s For Checked By. you a created a new project file. click Project Information. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Click OK. s For Drawn By. In this exercise. 6. enter Student Project Unit 3. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. enter your name.

s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and then load them like families. and geometry from the template. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. in addition to predefined wall types. such as 3D and plan views. and the units for your custom template. In this exercise. 2. click New > Project. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. angles. Create a Template In this exercise. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. settings. you define the title block. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. On the Insert tab. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. On the application menu. 3. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. 1. a dimension style. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. and slope angle. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. In the New Project dialog box. Click OK. you create a new project file. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. select Project Template. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. including how the rendered image looks.

Landscape. 9.Standards and Building Codes . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. On the Manage tab. 10. 8. Set the units for the template. 5. Open the title block A . create a Dimension Style. enter 3/16" Verdana.4. On the Annotate tab. click Duplicate. Next. Click the Length field in the Format column. Click OK twice. 7. For Name. There will be no visible change. click Settings panel > Project Units. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You create a custom dimension style.rfa. 6. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".

select Sheets (All). The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 129 .Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click OK.11. 14. On the Properties palette. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Select the A . In the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 15. 12. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click OK. Rightclick.

You can use this template for future projects. Save your project template in your class project folder.Standards and Building Codes . you created a new template file using a dimension style. 17.rte. title block. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and units that you defined. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. The title block updates. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. In this exercise.16. as well as dimension style and units. Save the file name as A-English template. Click OK.

s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. abstract format. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.

02 b. Using AIA Standards. 1:24 d.Standards and Building Codes . P. 1:3 b. s Create a title block. A unit 4. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Set units in a file. AIA b. A. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. A particular physical quantity. a. Metric d. A.02 d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Create text.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Create a template. NCSESA 2. s Create dimensions. is defined as what? a. True b. a. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Create a text style. s Create a dimension style. 1:32 5. s Change dimension colors. UBC c. s Create labels. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". NCTM d.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. False 3. a.05 c. dimension styles. s Change lineweight. 1:12 c. S. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. English c. An architect b.

you click: a. False Summary/Questions s 133 . you use: a. Application menu > Properties b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. To set the units in a project. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. a. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Wall midpoints d. True b. a. True b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. In Revit Architecture. dimensions snap to: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False 6. To change the scale of a view. Wall centerlines c. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. By default. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False 4. Wall faces b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Point offsets 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create a new sheet.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

6. 4. s Define a wall structure. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Align walls. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 3. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.

or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. List the different types of occupancy. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or filling in between. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. After completing this lesson.Walls . you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. and protect its interior spaces. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. their construction and materials. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. separate. them.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Enter 10. 4. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Clear the Chain option. the dimension updates incrementally. Expand the Type Selector list. 5. click it to open an edit field. It will not print. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. After you create the wall. Stud. a dashed line displays. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.3. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Walls s 151 .Brick on Mtl. indicating wall length. As you continue to move the cursor. Click to set the endpoint. To modify a dimension. an angular dimension displays. Select the Single Line option.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . but it disappears when you begin another action. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.

enter 7. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Depending on your zoom in the view. On the Modify | Walls tab. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click Create Similar. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. On the View Control Bar. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall.Walls . The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. the controls may sit on top of one another. 8. Select panel. Press ENTER. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side.6. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Click the wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Create panel. click the Detail Level icon. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. click Modify to stop placing walls. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The wall does not show any internal detail. Click to start the next wall. 7.

This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Click Modify. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Walls s 153 . Also. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Select the right vertical wall. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. release the mouse button to set a new length. no matter where you move the cursor. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. notice how the wall joins at the corner. 10. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment.9. an alignment line displays. Notice that two dimensions display. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right.

Sketch the walls as shown. Repeat. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays.11. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 14. 16.Walls . 12. Click Cancel. When using the Chain option. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 13. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 15. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Right-click. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. On the Home tab. Build panel. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. This is the same as clicking Modify. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Select the lower vertical wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. click Wall.

you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle.18. Click Create Similar again. Click Zoom to Fit. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 19.rvt. Walls s 155 . Save the project as Unit4_walls. In this exercise. Click Modify. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Clear the Chain option. 20. After clicking the second end.

3. Both split walls are shown below. Do the same for the vertical wall. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. This exercise illustrates how to split. fillet. 4. trim. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Only part of the wall highlights.rvt from the previous exercise.Walls . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 2. you first split the walls at the intersections. Split Walls 1. and extend walls. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. To do this.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. You now remove the upper right corner. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. align. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown.

You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Click Fillet Arc. 3. 4. Select any wall. If you make a mistake. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. click Undo and repeat the steps. click Create Similar. select Radius.Fillet Walls 1. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Options Bar. You can also click the flip control. Walls s 157 . click Delete. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Create panel. Modify panel. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. On the Modify | Wall tab. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 2. Enter 5'. On the Modify | Walls tab. 5. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise.

158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Place an interior wall as shown. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. select Basic Wall: Interior .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 2. You align the wall in the next steps. The Wall tool is still active. 3. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 1.Walls .

Walls s 159 . Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.4. Pull the cursor straight up. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Click to create a wall. clear Chain. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. You can lock the alignment. s On the Options Bar. The length is not critical. such as location lines.

The walls can cross.Walls . 5. Select the horizontal wall as shown. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. The length is not critical. This will be the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 4. Select the vertical wall as shown. This will extend to the border. 6. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .s Move the cursor to the left and click. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 2. Select the two interior walls in turn. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 3.

rvt. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. In this exercise. fillet. Walls s 161 .

Walls . The Modify tool is active by default. click Edit Type. Select the Exterior wall as shown.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 2. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 3. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. satisfy different requirements. 1. and vary in cost. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design.

Click OK. Every layer of a wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Click the number of Layer 3. Click Insert twice. 5. the wall structure should be as shown. Walls s 163 . click Edit in the Structure value field. For Name. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud.4. When you are finished. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To edit the structure of the wall. except Core Boundary. s Click Down twice. 6. has a Function you can edit. 7. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Add two additional layers to the wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 8. s Select Finish 1 [4]. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click the arrow at the right. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. s Click Up.

Modify the Function. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Set the Material to Finishes .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Walls . 12. Material. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . which displays plan or section views. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. 11. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.9. 13. select Finishes .Exterior . s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s Set the Material to Wood .Stud Layer. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 10. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Click the icon that appears at the right.

Walls s 165 . On the Properties palette. expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. From the Detail level list. 17. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 16. In the Project Browser. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.14. select Medium. Click Apply to update the view. 15. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected.

select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.Walls . All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 20. Right-click 8" Exterior. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. From the Type Selector list. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. defined a new wall structure. 19. You opened an existing file. In this exercise. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Close the file without saving.18. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.

2. In this exercise. a structural mid-section.rvt. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. wood rails. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You can define a wall type with these elements. 3. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Stud walls as shown. you create and modify vertically compound walls. for example.Brick on Mtl. The model opens in a 3D view.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Select one of the Exterior . and a decorated interior surface. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.

To split a layer or region horizontally. the new regions assume the same material as the original. To split a layer or region vertically. click Edit. You can split regions into other regions. 6. 5. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. In this exercise. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Wall structures are Type Properties. 2. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You can set the sample height to any value. either horizontally or vertically. To define the structure of the wall.Walls . Click Split Region. in the Structure value field. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. When you split a layer. so all instances of this type change. or you will lose your changes. into regions. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 7. 8. highlight one of the borders. If not already expanded. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 1.4. As indicated in the dialog box title. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You can assign different materials to regions. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. You change the type. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet.

Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry .Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. In this case. When you merge regions. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click to split the region into two parts. 4. Click to merge them. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 2. 3.3. Click to merge the two layers. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. assign Layer 1. After merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Walls s 169 . Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. The upper split disappears. 1. Click Merge Regions.

you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. To create a new wall layer. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. click Modify.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. The dimension text turns blue.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 3. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 4. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. instead of down. 1. Click again to return to the original position. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Click the temporary dimension text. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Next. 2. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Press ENTER. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. If you set the split offset down from the top. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. In the Edit dialog box. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 3. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. After a region is split. Click Insert. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Change the value to 12. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 1. to the next parallel line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. indicating that it is modifiable. s Select the split line.Walls .

Close the file without saving. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 7. All walls of this type have been changed.Brick Soldier Course. it highlights in blue in the preview window. In this exercise. and Insert Layer tools. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 5. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. When a layer is selected in the table. It also shows a thickness value. Modify. 9. 10. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course layer. Change the Material to Masonry . Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. It immediately highlights in blue. The preview changes appearance. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Merge Region. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Click OK. Walls s 171 . because it is now the selected layer.4. Split Region. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 8. as shown. 6. Click OK. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry .

installed. ducting. and insulation.Walls . 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . earth. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. piping.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and protected.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but also the natural lighting.Doors and Windows . The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 .

The height can be no less than 24". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . ft.Doors and Windows . if there is no other escape route. the width can be no less than 20".7 sq.

Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and copy these elements. and how to position. windows.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Math (STEM). Engineering. and furniture are defined in family files. how to load additional door and window families. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Components such as doors. and Language Arts. and math standards. technology. s Center a door in a wall. In this unit. Some families are loaded into each empty file. engineering. Doors and Windows s 187 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. you learn how to place doors and windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. move. s Copy windows.

Open ADA_Doors_Windows. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. 2. 3. Add Doors 1. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Build panel.Doors and Windows . When placing doors in a plan view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. the door swing would be to the left side. or 3D view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. elevation view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. On the Home tab. click Door. To flip the door. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Once a door is placed. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. This can be done in a plan view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. In other words. To reverse the swing. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.rfa. 3. and windows into project files. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Mode panel. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. In order to keep file size small. walls. From the Type Selector list. 2. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Doors and Windows s 189 . on the Modify | Place Door tab. The display does not change. click Load Family. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. except for the Type Selector. Click Open.Load Families 1. With the Door command active. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.

Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . From the Type Selector.Doors and Windows . 5. If necessary. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.4.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. change a temporary dimension. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. or by using the swing control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. Do not add the dimensions.6. Remember. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Place instances of single doors as shown.

7. Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. the outside of the window is to the left side. When placing windows in a plan view.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To face the outside of the window to the other side. approach the wall from the right side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. elevation view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Windows have exterior and interior sides. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. On the Home tab. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Open Unit5_doors. click Modify and select the window. Add Windows 1. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . You can place windows in a plan view. From the Type Selector. Build panel. or 3D view. click Window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the window immediately after placing it.

rvt. In this exercise. 5. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. You do not need to add dimensions. 4. and placed windows.3. you opened an existing project.Doors and Windows . Window tags do not number in sequence. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. loaded a door family. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.

s Align and modify walls.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. and modify the wall. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 4. click Aligned. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. window. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. you open an existing project file.rvt. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. wall. place a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. 1. and so on. On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. 3. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 2. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display.

The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 5. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click it and it changes as shown. 6. The door changes location.Doors and Windows . Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.s s s s Click the left wall. Select the upper wall first. 2. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the lock icon to enable it. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. This means that if one wall shifts. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click the right wall. Notice the symbol. Align Walls 1. The walls are now aligned. Click the center of the door. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.

Change the dimension to 16. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Doors and Windows s 197 . Clear the EQ Display value. Dimensions display below it. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.4. 3. Right-click. The walls shift and remain aligned.

7. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. you placed a continuous dimension. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.6.Doors and Windows . In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

rvt. 4. 2.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. click Create Similar. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel. especially if there are many different types. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 1. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. On the Modify | Windows tab. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Doors and Windows s 199 . In this exercise.

Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 2. The window is copied. click Copy. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Select the window you just placed. The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4. 3.Doors and Windows . Modify panel. On the Modify | Windows tab.

rvt. Click Zoom to Fit.5. Right-click. 6. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.

cold. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.Doors and Windows . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. The stability of glass in response to wind. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. flat glass is a recent invention.

32" d. 30" c. Standard b. If a room is used for sleeping. 40" d. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Position a door or window. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Align a door or window. False 2. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 28" b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 36" c. s Place a window. a. s Copy a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. General Questions 1. 32" b. Custom 3. 34" 4. you learned to: s Place doors. a. True b.

you use: a. a. d. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Right-click. Copy 8. you: a. Insert d. The center snap 7. To center a door or window in a wall. False 5. you use ________. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Duplicate d. To change the location of a door or window. To change the swing direction of a door: a.Doors and Windows . a. c. Link c. Select the door. Load from Library b. Select the door. True b. 6. Properties 3. Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 2. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. a. Use door grips to reposition. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. A reference plane b. 4. Offset c. Click Flip Direction. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. True b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. a. True b. Click Modify > Flip Direction. b. Load c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. d. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. c. Select the door. Select the door. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Clone b. Click Door Properties. Click Door Properties.

3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. Review stairs and railings. 4. 2.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Lesson Plan 1. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 5. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Create railings.

206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. After completing this lesson. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations.

Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM).Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . engineering. This lesson relates to technology. Engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Then. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.

The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.

Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Due to building code. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.

the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. or vertical circulation. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). L-shaped runs with a landing. For safety reasons. you will be able to: s Create stairs. or tread. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. of certain horizontal depth or run. engineering. Engineering. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. and stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. You create stairs in a plan view. ramps. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Technology. and spiral stairs. U-shaped stairs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add a railing. Math (STEM). which includes elevators. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. You can define straight runs. s Modify stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In multistory buildings. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. As you move the cursor. The riser and run values update accordingly.Stairs and Railings . This lesson relates to technology.

On the Properties palette.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.rvt.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. This file is in metric units. 3. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Stairs and Railings s 217 . The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. From the courseware datasets folder. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. you create stairs using a straight run. Before you create the stairs. Zoom in Region to the lobby.

5. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Circulation panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Run is preselected. In this case.Stairs and Railings . 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you create a straight run. Click OK to close the dialog box. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. These tools are used to define your stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. click Stairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. On the Home tab.4.

As you move the cursor up. 8. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. On the Mode panel. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Select this intersection point to start your run.6. Revit displays the number of risers you created. To change the run dimension. 10. the run footprint stops expanding. 7. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. and then click to define the run of stairs. select Finish (green check). You can also enter a distance of 4400. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 9. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. If you have not fully created the run. You can continue to move the cursor up.

You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. In this exercise. and switched to a 3D view. 13.rvt. To avoid overwriting the original file. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. you created and placed a straight run stair. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. click application menu > Save As > Project.Stairs and Railings . 12. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.11. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.

The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Edit panel. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. click Align. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Level 1. 2. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Activate view Floor Plans. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The stair is not centered on the landing.rvt. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress.

Open the lobby stair view to see the result. 5. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.Stairs and Railings . The Align command remains active. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Options Bar.4. You can rotate your model to get a better view. If you have a scroll mouse. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. which is located at the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. from the Prefer list. select Wall centerlines. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. Click the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.

and Dimensions subsections. In the Project Browser. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. s For Name. Hover the cursor over the railing. enter Lobby Stairs. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 9. s Click Duplicate. 8. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Change Width to 1350. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Graphics. expand Sections (Building Section). On the Properties palette. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. On the Properties palette.6. click Edit Type. 7. Select the stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . As you prehighlight them. s Click OK. railings were created with the stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box.

Select both railings.Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.10. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Cherry s s Click Modify.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Lobby Stair View. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.

Delete this line. Mode panel. Next. 14. you change the shape of the stairs. s Zoom in on the stairs. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Select the stairs (not a railing). click Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. Click it to select it. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The stair changes to the run sketch. The railings change.12. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Stairs and Railings s 225 . 13. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch.

Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the second arc endpoint. Click Modify. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 16. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 18. 17. On the Draw panel. click Boundary. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.Stairs and Railings . 19. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click the left end of the top riser. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s On the Modify panel. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the arc boundary you just created.15. Click to place the arc.

Next.21. select the endpoint of the left boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. Stairs and Railings s 227 . First. 20. On the Draw panel. Click CenterEnds-Arc. the arc center point. For the third point. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Click to exit the Mirror command. click Riser.

rvt. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22. 23. On the Mode panel.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. In this exercise. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Open the {3D} view to see the results. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. click Finish.

Therefore. you sketch the plan view path. To make sure you are selecting the railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. For simple railings. s s Sketch a Railing 1.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you need to define a path for the railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. The completed exercise To create a railing. Click Modify. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. 3.rvt from the previous exercise. Zoom into the landing area as shown. This is typically done in plan view. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Select the right side railing. 2. Stairs and Railings s 229 . In this case. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing.

Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. s s On the Options Bar.4. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. To set the exact distance. Mode panel. You do not need to add dimensions. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 7. select Chain. On the Draw panel. click Edit Path.Stairs and Railings . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. edit the temporary dimension. Then. Once the railing is selected. The dimensions are shown as a guide. on the Modify | Railings tab. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 5. 6. click Line. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint.

Stairs and Railings s 231 . you used sketch tools to create a railing. 9. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. 8. Delete your lines and try again. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.rvt. In this exercise. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing.

Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. set the Offset value to 850. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. In a floor plan view. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. s On the Options Bar. s On the Home tab. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.rvt from the previous exercise. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. the stairs appear as a U-shape. you create a reference plane.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Create a Reference Plane 1. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Work Plane panel. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. 2.

6. On the Home tab. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Pull the cursor straight up. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Stairs and Railings s 233 . To start sketching the run. Click OK. Click OK twice. change the Width parameter to 900. 3.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. 4.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Matte 2. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 5. Circulation panel. Dark Gray. click Stairs. For Name. enter Exit Stairs.

Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.7. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer to the right. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 9. Click to place the first run. Press ENTER. 8. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to finish the stair run. enter 1925. If you have trouble making the correct distance display.Stairs and Railings . with none remaining to be created.

it is because you have overlapping lines. 11. you select Continue to return the sketch. but they are hidden behind walls. Click Finish Stairs again. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. To remove the lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. You want to inspect your stairs. On the View Control bar. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Remove the additional lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element.10. If you get an error message. Use Hide/Isolate 1. 2. click Finish Stairs. On the Stairs panel. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously.

You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 6. 4. This is a multistory stair. 3. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Finally.Stairs and Railings . Reset the Display 1. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. you learned to create a reference plane. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.3. 5. The exterior walls reappear.rvt. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. and to create a U-shaped stair. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Zoom in to see your stairs. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. On the View Control Bar. In this exercise. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. The walls are now hidden. Select the stairs so they highlight. 2.

STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. escalators. and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

and deliver riders without wait time. but they can also be highly decorative.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. smoke guards. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They cost less.Stairs and Railings . Include landings as required by your local building code. this openness makes them fire hazards. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.

False 2. and all treads should be the same run. 25 degrees b. 36" d. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. s Modify stair boundaries. b. a. 180 degrees 3. 30" b. s Create railings. 32" c. 90 degrees d. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. you learned to: s Create stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. True b. 40" 4. True b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 45 degrees c. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a.

that is. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Fasten Railing 5. Align Railing d. To create railings on stairs without railings. Pick New Host b. risers 3. False 6. Railings. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a.Stairs and Railings . Attach Railing c. risers and treads. you use the _______ option. a. Home b. Arc d. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. a. riser d. Boundary lines. Insert 2. Treads. Run. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. True b. Line b. Modify c. True b. Circle 4. a. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. riser lines c. Manage d. risers b. You can apply materials to different stair components. Rectangle c.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

(Student) 11. (Student) 6. Review of roof types.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place fascia. s Place gutters. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 8. (Student) 7. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 3.

and pitch of a sloped roof.Roofs . run. Identify the different roof types. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. roof types. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. It addresses roof construction. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. After completing this lesson. gutters. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. tiles. and downspouts. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Calculate the rise. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. About Roofs s 243 . s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. and Language Arts. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. technology. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM).

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

the roofing pattern. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. durability. texture. About Roofs s 245 . and sun. and if visible. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. texture. resistance to wind and fire. and color. snow. They come in several types. both low and steep. You can use them for many different applications. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. the roofing pattern. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. resistance to wind and fire. brands.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. are designed for shedding water and snow. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. maintenance. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and low maintenance roofing material. rot. and sunlight. maintenance. and colors. durability. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. resulting in at least one textured face. fire-resistant. Sloped roofs. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and color. These are used more often on upscale homes. and if visible. as well as how effective a shelter it is.

s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. When choosing the insulation for your job. Therefore. treatment for insects. consider such factors as cost. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. reinforced plastic. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. galvanized steel. durable. or corrugated structural glass. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. They are fire-resistant. choose a type that will suit your needs. odor. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. galvanized steel. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. This same roof on a clear. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. fiberglass. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. and so forth). quality. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). and require little maintenance. Unfortunately. zinc alloy. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. special characteristics (for example. and insulating capability (R-value). s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.Roofs .

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

the requirements for underlayment. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

These are commonly used in French-style houses. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

where as. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. run. and span. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 .Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. The run value is typically equal to 12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch.

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. and pitch is noted as a fraction. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7-12.Roofs . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 on 12.When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 to 12. 7 and 12.

s Create a roof fascia. or roof overhangs. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Once you create a roof. s Create a hip roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. water. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Create various roof types. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Roofs s 255 . you can add gutters. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Assign roof structure and materials. you work with massing shapes and not building components.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. dormers. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. and fascia. To create a roof by face. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. snow. or eaves. soffits. s Place gutters. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. or ice. that convey rainwater to drains. often supporting a gutter. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams.

This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. engineering. and Language Arts.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Roofs . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. Technology. Engineering. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Math (STEM).

Click OK to continue. Open ADA_Roofs. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. 4.rvt. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. select the Name option. you create an extruded roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. In the Work Plane dialog box. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . To create an extruded roof.. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. 2. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion.

enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Drawing Reference Planes 1. s Use the image below for guidance. Before sketching the roof's profile. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. 4. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 6. In the Go To View dialog box. click Line. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Draw panel. select Section: Section 1.Roofs . select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. click Ref Plane. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 2.5. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. On the Work Plane panel. Click Open View. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. The section view should display as shown. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.

Using the image below for guidance. 5. s Click the EQ toggle.6. s Click Modify. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using a positive offset value. Roofs s 259 . sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Select the new dimension. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

3. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 5. s On the Options Bar. you can label them. 2. On the Mode panel.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 4. for Name. click Line. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Click Modify. click Chain. click Finish (green check). 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 1.Roofs . Right-click. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. enter Horizontal. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 6. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8. Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9.12" type. Roofs s 261 .

Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 3. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. Edit Geometry panel. 2. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. carefully select the far right roof edge. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the images for guidance. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.Roofs . Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 1. On the Modify tab. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. This is a two-step process. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.

Roofs s 263 . Select the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. click Attach: Top/ Base. In the Project Browser. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Trim Walls 1. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. On the Options Bar. open the view Sections: Section 1. select Attach Wall: Top. Select both walls. This will join the wall tops to the roof. However. To select both walls together. 2. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn.4. 3.

rvt. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.4. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. The roof now looks correct. 5. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.

click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 3. 4. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. On the Home tab. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint. select Garage Roof. 1. In this exercise. from existing walls. by Footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof. Because you are in a 3D view. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. From the drop-down list. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on.rvt. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . a dialog box is displayed. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The footprint sketch is created at 2. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. Unit7_first_roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Click Yes. so you look straight down as in a plan.

click Defines Slope. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . select the vertical wall on the left.0". Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 7. If you place a line on the wrong side. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 8. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Next. clear the Defines slope option. 6.5. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s On Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance.

you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. 1. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Roofs s 267 . Other controls also display. By default. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Select the left slope defining line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 3. Click Modify. defining lines separately. The new roof displays. click Finish. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Select the right side roof line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 2. Click the 9"/12" text. That value displays next to the slope arrow. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. It becomes an editable field. change the value to 6"/12". Change this value to 6"/12". click Yes.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. To complete the roof. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it.

4. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 5.Roofs . 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

On Home tab. click to select them. The file opens to a 3D view. To chain-select all of the walls. On the Options Bar. 4. 3.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. set the overhang to 1' 0". The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Roofs s 269 . 2. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Clear Defines Slope. When all of the walls prehighlight. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Build panel.

click Rectangle. 4. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. verify the 0' 0" Offset.Create a Roof Opening 1. As an alternate. Right-click. On the Options Bar. 2. 3.Roofs . sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Using the image for guidance. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Draw panel. Zoom into the chimney area.

4. Roofs s 271 . 3. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. click Yes. The slope indicator displays. horizontal line. Select the uppermost. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. As in the previous exercise. 6. On the Options Bar. Select the left lower horizontal line.Add Slope Lines 1. Click Modify. Click Finish. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. 2. 5. select Defines Slope.

Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and chimney penetration. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.7. attached walls.Roofs .rvt. 8. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.

Build panel.rvt.0". set Overhang to 2' . Select Defines Slope. 2. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The file should open to a 3D view. Create the Roof 1. Zoom into the area shown. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Roofs s 273 . Select the three walls shown in the image. 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. you create a hip roof. 4. 5. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.

change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Raise the Roof 1. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click Finish to complete the roof. On the Properties palette. In addition. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. To close the roof sketch. you use the Line tool.0". s On the Draw panel. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the ViewCube.Roofs . Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Switch to a 3D View. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. 2.7. 3. click Line. Click OK. 6. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.

To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .2. you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt. and then joined it to a wall. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

6. 5. 4. click Line. Roofs s 277 . Create a Shed Roof 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 2. On the Draw panel. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. 3. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. click Pick Walls. 7. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise.

12. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 9. 10. Select the lower. Set the Offset to 0' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Toggle Slope Defining.Roofs . Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Right-click the line.8. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Click Modify. 11. 13.

Finish the Roof. 17. click Yes.rvt. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Switch to a 3D view. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click OK. 18.14. 16. In this exercise. Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint. 15. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.

Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 3. On the menu bar. You see four levels defined in the model. select Level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 5.Roofs . Open the Default 3D view. The roof updates. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 4. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. On the Properties palette. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 2. Select the Roof. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.rvt. Cutoff Level list. Activate the view North Elevation.

select Defines Slope. To set the slope for the new roof. on the Properties palette. set the slope value to 3"/12". Zoom and spin to see your model. 10. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. On the Draw panel. click Pick Lines. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 7. 11. Roofs s 281 . Select the inner rectangle as shown. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 9. Switch to a 3D View.rvt. On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. 12. 13. 8.6. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.

Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 2. The file should open to a 3D view. Select the main roof over the house.rvt.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 3. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 1. In the Type Selector. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .

Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Edit. s Click OK. It is a generic roof type. 4. 5. For Name.Define a Roof Structure 1. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. Select the roof over the garage. enter Clay Tile. For Structure Value. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Roofs s 283 . Click Insert to add a layer. 2. click Edit Type. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Select Layer 2 as shown. 3.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Click OK twice. 8. 7. In this exercise.rvt. 6. s Click OK. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. select Model. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". In the Fill Pattern dialog box.s s s In the Materials dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. The garage roof displays a pattern.

In this exercise. On the Home tab. Click Open. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Roofs s 285 . 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rvt. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 2. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. to support a gutter. 3. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. In the Open dialog box.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.rfa. On the Insert tab. click Roof > Fascia. or for decoration.

To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Click OK.5. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Set the Material value to Metal . 6.Paint Finish Ivory. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. click Edit Type. Click Duplicate.Roofs . 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Matte. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. for Profile.

Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. In this exercise. 9.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Roofs s 287 . Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.

5. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. On the Home tab. The file should open to a 3D view. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.Bevel: 5" x 5". In the Type Properties dialog box. under Profile parameter. For Name. 3. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. select Gutter .Roofs . so as not to detract from the design of the building. select Metal Aluminum. Click OK. you add gutters to a building. click Roof > Gutter. Click OK. click Edit Type. s Click Duplicate. The completed exercise 4. Under Material parameter.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 6. 1. 2. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Place Gutters In this exercise. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.

Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. If you click the interior face. 8. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Segments will clean up at corners. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 10.rvt.7. Roofs s 289 . In this exercise. 9. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. you attached gutters to a roof. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 11.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. heat. and cold. water.Roofs . s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.

False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Medium c. s Place gutters. a. the run is always 12. Hip c. a. Low b. High d. a. When referring to roof slope. s Place fascia. True b.Roofs . Shed 4. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. None of the above 3. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. General Questions 1. Gambrel d. s Define a roof structure. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Gable b. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. True b.

Slope c. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. A compound roof contains layers. pick d. Trim/Extend b. lines c. Footprint b. To add a slope to a roofline. a. True b. Change the direction of the roof. True b. True b. b. 10. a. Expand/Contract 6. Create Slope d. c. Footprint. Roofs can be created using ______. profile 2. Add Slope b. Material 8. sketch. Cut/Lengthen c. DEL d. a. d. face b. Turn slopes on or off. Sketch. Defines Slope c. Walls. a. profile. Extrusion d. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. False 7. Create an opening. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Activate Slope 9. a. ______ or _______. Sketch c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. TAB b. Walls d. Footprint. you use: a. extrusion. False 5. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Face 3. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Change the direction of the slope.Revit Architecture Questions 1. ENTER 4. place a check mark next to: a. SHIFT c. extrusion. Footprint b.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create slope annotations. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create material annotations. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create filled regions.

cabinetry. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. the kitchen. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . bathrooms. and tool racks. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Sections are used to examine the roof. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. floor. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. In a residential building. After completing this lesson. the location of special equipment. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and special equipment. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and wall conditions at that particular slice location. In a commercial structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Technology. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. engineering. Math (STEM). and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.Sections and Elevations . across its narrower dimension. and foundation plans. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. framing. and are properly cross-referenced. t Cross or transverse sections. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. on the long axis of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. For larger elevations.Sections and Elevations . s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements.

and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. followed by any additional information about spacing. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. South. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. people. For example. For a wood structure. For siding. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. With interior elevations. or methods of installation. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. East. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. this is reversed. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and so forth. Unnecessary Information Shades. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. the titles assigned (North. bushes. shadows. and then the name of the material. Therefore. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . quantity. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. You may. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. however. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. cars." Mfr. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. The size of the object is listed first. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials.

wood. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. dishwashers. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. and lip. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". or linoleum) and the wall. The trim is usually glued into place. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets.Sections and Elevations . It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. chamfers. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. or decorative patterns. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . flush overlay. Hinges are concealed. windows. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and types of finish materials used.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Molding is normally decorative in nature. This is usually done using a topset. doors and direction of door swings. and materials used. shelf arrangements. Molding is usually made of plaster. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. which is a formed pressboard. and special equipment such as toilets. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. It can also be used around doorways and windows. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. or MDF. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. other openings. casements. and other appliances. or a baseboard. tile. It may have curves. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. coving. doors. This is more costly than regular overlay.

you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Change the section head. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. and a section symbol on all plans.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. which you can then add to a sheet. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create an interior elevation. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information.

the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. A section is a horizontal view. Engineering. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Once created. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Technology. and Language Arts. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. like an elevation. Math (STEM). technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Sections and Elevations s 307 . provided its crop region intersects the view. For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. or other section view.

Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations . By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.

which is spoken as 2 in 12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. such as anchor bolts and siding. Once you create the detail section. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. So. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Details are crucial for effective construction. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. s Add breaklines as needed. The slope is the ratio rise:run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. In a set of construction documents. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Add detail notes. Slope is also referred to as pitch. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. In the example shown. s Add structural details. tracing over the existing elements.

Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The Section command is available from the View tab. 3. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 2. 4. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Create a Section View 1. The completed exercise 6. Open the file ADA_Sections. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Create panel. click Section.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.

The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. With the section line selected.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. and it has control grips to resize it.Sections and Elevations . The actual location is not critical. This is called the crop region. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 2. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. On the Properties palette. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. 3. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Section Properties 1. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.

rvt. 6. When you drew the section line. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Clear Crop Region Visible. 5. you automatically created a section view. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 7. The view is listed in your Project Browser. In this exercise. In the Properties palette. 8.4. The section view updates. change Far Clip Offset to 10. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue).

On the Manage tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Duplicate. enter Open Arrow. Click Open to load the family. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. For Name.No Arrow. Load from Library panel. The view does not change. Several section head families are available.rvt. Select Section Head-Open. In this exercise. 2. On the Insert tab. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.1 point Filled. Click OK. and Section Head .Filled.Sections and Elevations .rfa.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. click Load Family. They include Section Head . 5. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Settings panel. 6. Section Head . 4. 7.

On the Properties palette. 10. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.rvt. Click OK. In the Section Tag field. Save as Unit8_section_open. 14. 13. 12.8. Click Duplicate. enter Open Arrow. In this exercise. For Section Head. The section head updates to the new head type.Open. click Edit Type. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Select the section line. Sections and Elevations s 315 . For Name. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. select Section Head . select Open Arrow. 9. Click OK. 11.

Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.rvt. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. This is a building section. 6. 3. Create panel. On the Options Bar. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 2. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 4. 5. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Use the image below for guidance. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. select the border of the callout.Sections and Elevations . On the View tab. To reposition the callout head. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. click Callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.

3. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. You can add detail lines. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. but not strongly. Line is selected automatically. Detail panel. On the Properties palette. On the Annotate tab. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. 4. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Sections and Elevations s 317 . change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. as shown. select Chain. detail components. region patterns.rvt. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. 1.7. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Options Bar. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. click Region > Filled Region. 2. On the Draw panel. 8.

318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. Select the upper and right side lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette.5. enter Earth. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. For Name. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 7. Click OK. Click Modify. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.

click Component > Detail Component. 2. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. From the Fill Pattern list. the filled region may appear as solid fill. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Detail panel. Click OK. On the Annotate tab. 1. On the Place Detail Component tab. If you zoom in closer. click Load Family. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Detail panel.Section. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Mode panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. the pattern becomes visible. 9. 3.rfa. Click Open. Sections and Elevations s 319 .8. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. select Finish (green check).

In the Specify Types dialog box. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 5. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Click OK.4. From the Type Selector. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.Sections and Elevations .

6. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Using the image below for guidance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. From the Type Selector list. select Plywood. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 7. Add another Detail Component. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector. 8.

Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. On the Properties palette. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Modify. set the Thickness to 3/4". Place the component similarly to the image below. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. This component represents the subflooring. Click Component > Detail Component. select anchor bolt. Use the image below for guidance.9. 12. 11. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the vertical plywood. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.Sections and Elevations . 10.

13. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Copy. select Multiple. Click Modify. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Sections and Elevations s 323 . 14. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector. select Lap Siding. On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance.

select Wide Lines.15. click Detail Line. 2. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Save the file. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Add Detail Lines 1. Detail panel. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 16. On the Annotate tab. From the Line Style Selector.Sections and Elevations . Start at the end of the siding.

Zoom out.3. 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 4. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

Right-click. click Insulation. On the Annotate tab. identified as Wall material 1. 7. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Add Insulation 1. 2. Click Edit in the Structure field. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Detail panel. 8. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Select the wall so it highlights. Click Modify. Save the file.Sections and Elevations . 10. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Next.6. 9. The wall display updates. select the Material field in row 3. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.

click Component > Detail Component. select Break Line. 3. Detail panel. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Your view should resemble the image shown.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . From the Type Selector. 1. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. On the Annotate tab.

5. To complete the detail.4. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Click Zoom to Fit. The view should resemble the image shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Save the file. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The Detail Component tool is still active. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. you created a detail section view and added filled regions.Sections and Elevations . You place another breakline. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 7. In this exercise. Place the breakline as shown. and detail components to it. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail lines. 6.

you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. To add notes. The border around the view will disappear. The size of the object is listed first. With nothing selected in the view. quantity. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.rvt. 1. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 3. s Clear Annotation Crop.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). weatherproofing. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. or methods of installation. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 2. and ventilation methods in construction documents. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

insulation. click Text. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. R13. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 8. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 7. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.Sections and Elevations . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 9. As you pull your cursor to the right. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. leader arrow as shown. Text panel. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type list. On the Format panel. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Move the pointer up 11. 12. Finally. 10. click Two Segments. 6. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.4. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow.4" WEATHERING. 5. On the Annotate tab.

as the second line of text. CONT is short for Continuous. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.C.. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.. or wood treated with preservative against rot.C. 14.C. . Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. is an acronym for On Center. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.C. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 16. Click off the text to finish the entry. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 18. 15. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 17. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. 19. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.TYPE X. O. Enter 5/8" GWB . Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 20.13. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the floorboard.

22.Sections and Elevations . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click Modify. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 23. 21. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Note: CONC signifies concrete. In this exercise. Click ENTER to start a second line. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard..Note: GALV signifies galvanized. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.

Right-click. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. or elevation view. 5. Locate the A-Landscape. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click Open. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. The new sheet becomes the current view. In the Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 333 . click Load. 4.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 2. In this exercise. 3. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. and locate the detail view on it. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. highlight Sheets. Highlight your title block. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Click New Sheet. 6. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. section.

Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.Sections and Elevations . Select a Level Line.7. 9. click Show Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select view Detail at Foundation. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right. On the View Control Bar. close to the crop border. 8. In the Project Browser. click Hide Crop Region. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Click the control at its left end.

Right-click. 11. highlight the new sheet. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. For Name. Click Rename. For Number. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. enter S. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. s Modified the label values in the title block.10. you: s Created a new sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 .301. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In this exercise. In the Project Browser. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.rvt. 12. 13. enter Detail at Foundation Sill.

and west. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 4. Click OK. 3. east. 5. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 2. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. south.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. When you create a project with a template. Right-click. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open ADA_Elevations. 6. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add slope indication for roof. Select Elevations. s Add material notes. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. It is defined by the green dotted line. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 2. The elevation markers are now visible.Sections and Elevations . s Add any necessary dimensions. four elevation views are included: north. Click the Annotations tab. s Set the display for building components as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. Turn On Elevation Markers 1.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. On the Modelling tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 4. Sections and Elevations s 337 . clear Planting. Next. On the View Control Bar. On the Annotations tab. clear Sections.2. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 3. 5. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view.

Select the Material field for Layer 1. In this exercise. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. In the Type Properties dialog box. 12. It will be identified as Condo . 10. 9. you activated an elevation view.rvt. click Edit Type. and modified the wall display characteristics. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 8. 11. In Surface Pattern. click to open the list.Sections and Elevations . 13. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. select Edit in the Structure field. modified its display.Exterior Stucco. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the wall. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.7. Click the button that displays to select a material. On the Properties palette. Select Sand.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. quantity.rvt. Add a note for the stone wall. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. The size of the object is listed first. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Add a note for the foundation. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 5. In the Type Selector. 3. Enter TX. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Set the Leader type to One Segment. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. or methods of installation. 2. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 4.

Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9. 7. 8.6. Add a note for the roof. In this exercise. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.rvt.

select Triangle. 4. 3. For Offset from Reference. from the Slope Representation list. click Spot Slope.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click to select the roof line. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 1. On the Annotate tab. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Dimension panel. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 5. On the Options Bar. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 6. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation.rvt. enter 1/8". Sections and Elevations s 341 .

Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. click Aligned. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click to locate the slope indicator. 11. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify. Dimension panel. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 9.7. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click to select the roof line. 10.Sections and Elevations . 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

leaders. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. select wall breaks and levels. slope indicators.12. and dimensions for clarity. 13. and vertical dimensions. In this exercise. 14.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . The west elevation now contains material notes. To create a continuous dimension as shown. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.

In the Project Browser. This view was already defined in the drawing. Right-click. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. In this exercise.rvt. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. special closets. dimensions. Click Open View. 2. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 3. Click Find Referring Views.Sections and Elevations . 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and cabinetry. Highlight the view. equipment rooms. kitchens.

An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. click Aligned. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 7. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Sections and Elevations s 345 . The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. s s s s Click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. In the Name box. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Right-click. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Clear Use Project Settings. 5. Dimension panel.4. click OK. 6. Click the value field for Units Format 8. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line.

346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Using the Text and Dimension tools.9.Sections and Elevations .rvt. detail the interior section. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. In this exercise. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. You modified a dimension style. 10.

The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. b. s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations. Show the relationships between elements. The direction the viewer is facing. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Nobody in Charge d. False 3. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Walls c. All of the above 5. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. c. d. s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Create a section view. True b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The direction the structure is facing. 2. The orientation of the exterior elevation. 4. c. General Questions 1. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. a. it depends. All of the above. Either one. Not in Concrete b. b. Cabinetry d. such as north. Not in Contract c. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Bathrooms and kitchens b. is always the true orientation. you learned to: s Create an elevation view.

Sun and Shadow b. East b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. d. The dotted line indicates: a. False 5. Filled regions with hatch patterns d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. True b. a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. West c. 4. b and c. click Sheet Composition > View. c. but not a 6. The Visual Style of the view. The boundaries of the view. North 3. South d. Element properties c. a. False 2. Which elevation is it? a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. On the View tab. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . b. c. d. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . True b. Click Add View. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The detail level of the view. The height of the view. you use: a. b. Right-click.

s Load a schedule tag. 4. s Export a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 6. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Schedules.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson.Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. and math standards. engineering. Some of these building objects include. and thickness. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. height. and Language Arts. such as reference number. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. width. Engineering. About Schedules s 351 . technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

However. the same primary information is included. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. depending on the style of the architectural firm.Schedules . s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. There are different types of schedule tables. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. Instance.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

However. hexagon. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Using the software. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. E for electrical. A circle. Other letters are P for plumbing. and A for appliances. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. window. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.Schedules . Like schedules. The following image shows door. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. these tags can be placed automatically or manually.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. and Language Arts. materials. Schedules list items such as doors. Schedules s 355 . s Export a schedule. windows. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Create a room schedule. Technology. Project templates include preset schedules. engineering. hardware. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Add room tags. Engineering. equipment. and you can create your own schedules. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. This lesson relates to science. rooms. and math standards. Math (STEM).Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology.

and you set the schedule to display totals. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Schedules . Open ADA_Window_Schedules. 2. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.

On the View tab. Type Mark. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 3. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right.s Window Tag 5. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 7. Click Add. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. and Width. Level. select Comments. 4. In Available Fields. Add Count. Height. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Schedules s 357 . Select Windows from the list. 6. Continue to add fields to the schedule. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box.

358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 9.8. Select the fields. from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Click OK to finish the schedule.

2. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. but without any useful calculations yet. From the Sort By list.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 1. 3. Select Blank Line. Schedules s 359 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. select Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view.

In the Project Browser. you can have the schedule report this. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Rather than make a manual calculation. 2. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. clear Itemize Every Instance. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 1. In order to calculate the total number of windows.Schedules . click Edit.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. for Sorting/ Grouping. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. On the Properties palette. click the schedule name. select Level. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. in the Then By sorting field. 4. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in this case). Notice how the schedule has changed. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 3.

s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. select Footer. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Set the schedule to display category totals. click Edit 7. From the list. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Count. Schedules s 361 . for Sorting/ Grouping. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. select Title.rvt. 6. and Totals. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.5. The totals for each window type now display.

5. Room size. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. floor type. ceiling type. based on the amount of space in each room. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Locate the file named Room Tag. Click Open. 2. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . occupancy. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.Schedules . and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.rvt. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. click Room > Room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. On the Home tab. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 3. Room & Area panel. In this exercise. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. 4. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. click Overwrite the Existing Version.

In the Type Selector. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown. Schedules s 363 . 6. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. 7. Room & Area panel. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 8. a total of 7. click Room > Room Separation Line.

On the Room & Area panel. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The room tag updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 11. 10. Select Room #2. click Room. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Modify. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 12. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. s Click the Room text.9. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. s Change the word Room to Manager. 13. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.Schedules .

s Tagged various objects. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Added a room separation. for Name. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.14. 15. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. you: s Loaded a room tag. Schedules s 365 . s Changed room tag field values.rvt. In this exercise. enter Sales.

Click Add--> after each selection. enter Square Footage Report. 3. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The completed exercise 5. 6. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Area to be included in your schedule. In the Available Fields pane. 4. Name. Set the Sort By value to Number. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. On the View tab. 2. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Schedules . Click OK. Create panel. select Number. Create a Room Schedule 1. For Name. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms.rvt.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.

Highlight the Area field. Select Grand Totals. clear Use Project Settings. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places.7. 9. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Schedules s 367 . Click OK. s Set Units to Square Feet. 10. Change the Heading to No. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Alignment to Right. Highlight the Number field. 8. Click the Formatting tab. In the Format dialog box. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box.

12. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.Schedules .11. you: s Created a room schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. s Totaled one of the columns. In this exercise. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. The file is created. 3. Note the formatting that has been applied.txt) file. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. locate the file you created. Browse to a directory to save your report. you export the room schedule to a text file. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Click OK. You can then use this file in other applications. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Schedules s 369 . 5. On the application menu. 4.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Double-click it to open it. 6. Click Save. Using your Windows Explorer. 2.rvt.

You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. Close the text file. 8.7. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .

False 4. True b. None of the above. 2. False Summary/Questions s 371 . What is a schedule table? a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. a. a. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Quantity c. b. d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Questions 1. True b. c. Matrix d. A list of information that defines specific building objects. s Load a schedule tag. Type b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Place a schedule tag. Instance 3. A list of sheets used in a project. s Export a schedule. s Reformat a schedule.

XLS c.Schedules .Revit Architecture Questions 1. To export a schedule. Modify 2. Annotate tab b. use the ____ . CSV d. Annotate b. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. View tab c. Application menu d. a. Manage tab 3. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Home d. TXT b. a. View c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

3. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Lesson Plan 1. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Review Visualization. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 4. 5.

Visualization .Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Assign materials. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Play a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Apply shading to a view. Technology. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. After completing this lesson. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Create a raytrace rendering. Finally. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Engineering. Math (STEM). s Export a DWG file. s Orient walls and windows. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Place a camera. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Add planting components. s Export an FBX file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and Language Arts. or camera on a path. s Export a walkthrough.

Open Unit2_custom_family. Assign materials. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. s s 2. To prepare your model for rendering. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You worked on animations. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . s Make a camera view the active view. courseware datasets. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.

For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The walls now display layers of materials. Select any exterior wall. Stud. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 6. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 4. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Right-click. If you do not see any change in the wall display.3. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Select one of the exterior walls. All the exterior walls highlight in blue.Visualization . 5. The wall display updates.

In addition to using the control arrows. you can: s s s 9. Right-click. Click OK. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Visualization s 377 . Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Open the Default 3D view. Select the toposurface object. Click Change wall's orientation. Repeat the process for the windows. Select Site: Grass.7. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 10. Select walls. On the Properties palette. 8.

and click Open. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.FBX). 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. This will filter the file list. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.Visualization . Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 2. Select the file name. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Export > FBX. 12. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. In the Select File to Import dialog box. On the application menu. On the application menu. for Files of type. Select the Roof. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 3. Open 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. Depending on your system resources.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Click OK in any notices and warnings.11. click Import > Import. select Autodesk (*. you have completed this exercise.

Open or return to Revit.rvt. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Next. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. you have completed this exercise. 3. Export the Model to DWG 1. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Visualization s 379 . Depending on your system resources. 2. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Close the file without saving. On the application menu. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.4. Note the file location. If necessary. There is no way to update it from Revit.

In the File Link Manager . Open 3ds Max Design.max. 8. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Close the File Link Manager. Click Open. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 7.rvt. If necessary. 9. 6.4. Select two windows as shown. click Attach This File. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. click File. click References > File Link Manager.Visualization . The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. Select the file name. On the application menu. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 5.

Save the export file using the same name as before. On the application menu. 13.10. In the dialog box. 12. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the file. Open the 3D view. The windows have updated. Visualization s 381 . 11. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

Visualization . s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.14. s Changed a material definition. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. In this exercise. The linked file updates. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 15. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Click Reload. s Close the File Link Manager. The windows have changed. Open the File Link Manager. Open the Files tab. s Oriented walls and windows.

Visualization s 383 . In this exercise. On the View tab.rvt. generate a rendering. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Open the Site view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. you place a camera in a model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Unit10_Export. If you place the camera too close to the model. 2. and create a second rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. click Camera. change materials. Create panel. Place a Camera 1. 3. as shown.

384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Click Show Camera. Render Setup 1. s s s s Open a floor plan view.Visualization . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown.4. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Right-click. The camera will be visible. 2. 7. click Show Rendering Dialog. The camera perspective view opens. Open the Site view again. If necessary. select Very Few Clouds. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. 6. Return to the perspective view.

3. and Lighting. Model Site panel. s Click Render. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Accept the default settings for Quality. Open the Site view. Click Render. 2. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 3. Output Settings. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open view 3D View 1. On the Massing & Site tab.30' approximately as shown. Enhance the Model 1. click Site Component. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Visualization s 385 .

4. In the Rendering dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. click Edit Type. In the Save to Project dialog box. Select the roof. 5. Change Materials 1. 5. Select an exterior wall. 2.4. On the Properties palette. 6. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click OK. Click Edit in the Structure field. The model displays in the view. On the Properties palette. and you can now select elements for editing. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . 3. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.Wood Shake. In the Materials list. click Show the Model. select Roofing . In the Layer 1 Material field. click Edit Type.

Select the icon next to Masonry .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.10. Click the Render Appearance tab. 9. Visualization s 387 . 8. Click Edit in the Structure field. 7. Click Replace.

s Generated and captured a second render image. s Generated and captured a render image. Save the file as Unit10_render. 15. s Created a raytrace setup. click Save to Project. click Render.rvt. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. 13. These images are now available as options to present to a client. In this exercise. The new image is placed in its own view. In the Rendering dialog box.11. Click OK.Brick Uniform Running Brown. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Placed site planting components in the model. 14. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 16.Visualization . You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. In the Rendering dialog box. 12. Select Masonry .

The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Click Zoom to Fit. To place a key frame. s Right-click. click to the left of the model as shown. Open Unit10_render. The camera and path can be edited. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s View the animation in a media player. 4. and exported individually. or walkthroughs. The cursor changes to a crosshair. or frame. rendered. click 3d View > Walkthrough. 3. Visualization s 389 . Open floor plan view Level 1.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. s On the View tab. in a project model. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click again. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Create panel. Each view. 2. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Edit the camera and path. In this exercise. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file.rvt. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options.

The Options Bar changes. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Drag it to the left.5. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Edit Walkthrough. Walkthrough panel. 8. Select the direction control for the camera. click Finish Walkthrough. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 9. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Walkthrough panel. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point.Visualization . Repeat for all the key frames. 11. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. The camera is located on the final key frame. 10. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 6.

Check the view in several key frames.12. click Next Key Frame. 13. Visualization s 391 . If camera positions distort. From the Controls list. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the Walkthrough panel. 2. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Edit Walkthrough. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. select Path. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Open. 3. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Edit the Walkthrough 1.

Visualization . On the application menu.rvt. In the Length/Format dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Click OK. Click Save. Revit generates the external AVI file. Export the Walkthrough 1. notice where you save the file. 2. Click Play. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. File Name. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. The walkthrough plays in the view window. In the Video Compression dialog box. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 4. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough.Play the Walkthrough 1. 3. click OK. 2. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.

Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6.5.

you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. In this exercise.Visualization . s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file.7. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model.

you use: a. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. Split b. Demolish 2. a. s Play a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. Align c. a. a. s Export an FBX file. Save As > FBX c. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Questions 1. s Assign materials. s Create a raytrace rendering. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Export a DWG file. True b. Print to File b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. View > Shading d. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Add planting components. s Export a walkthrough. Flip Orientation d. Export > FBX 3. you use: a. True b. s Place a camera. s Apply shading to a view. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 2. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. 2. In the following exercises. beam systems. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . and braces. 4. beams. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. Lesson Plan 1. foundations.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. beams and braces. 6. you learn how to place structural columns.

For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other structural elements will be located in a building.Structural . posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

especially columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Knowing where structural members. and other building objects. walls. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.

After completing this lesson. Place beam systems and braces. Structural s 401 . Create column grids. Place columns and beams on grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering.

2. wood. Structural columns can be steel. Beams connect columns or walls. As with columns.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. wood. 1. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. often mainly glass. Select a floor. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. 3.Structural . or reinforced concrete. click Column > Structural Column. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Open Deck Framing. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. beams can be steel. In this exercise. this is known as post and beam construction. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. On the View Control Bar.Hide Category. spans without walls. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . They come in types defined by size and shape. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. or concrete. In residential construction.

and 4B. On the Options Bar. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Repeat at grid intersections 2A.4. 8. Structural s 403 . 6. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 5. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. click Depth. In the Type Selector. 7. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. On the View Control Bar. 3A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the right floor to select it.

In the Project Browser. 11. and columns clearly. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Open Plan View Deck Framing. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Click Hide In View > Element. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view).9. 10. 2. Place Beams 1. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . rail. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click OK. Right-click.

select Chain. On the Structure tab. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. Structure panel. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s In the view window. 5. 4. On the Options Bar. To place beams: Structural s 405 .3. Click. click Beam.

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click Modify. Click. On the Properties palette. 6. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7.Structural .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

In this exercise. Structure panel. Click Modify. Click. On the Properties palette. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click on grid intersection B4. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Structural s 407 . s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. click Make Wall Bearing. 11.8. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click OK. as shown. 9. If a Warning dialog box that opens. 12. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Save the file as Deck Beams. click Beam. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.rvt. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.

click Sketch Beam System. click No. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Click the beam on Grid 1. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open Plan View Deck Framing.Structural . 4. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. 2. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. click Pick Supports. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Place Beam Systems 1. you: s Place beam systems. click Beam System. 3.rvt. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. On the Structure tab. In this exercise. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. distance. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. The completed exercise 5. Open Deck Beams. s Place braces. or number of beams in a bay.

6. Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. as shown. Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. 7. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line.

s s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2.6". Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s 9. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 10. click Pick Supports.2". 11. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.8.Structural . Click Finish. set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Mode panel. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary. On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). click Line. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s s On the Draw panel.

Open Plan View Deck Framing. Structural s 411 . set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the View Control Bar. 3. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the View tab. click Brace. On the Structure tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. 4. 2. 5. as shown. Structure panel. Click to place the elevation.Place Braces 1. unlike regular elevations. It has an automatic work plane. Create panel. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. In the Project Browser. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3.

8. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . 9. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. to start the brace.6. 7. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. In the view window. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace.

s Placed braces. Structural s 413 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems. 11.rvt. In this exercise.10. Save the file as Deck structure.

You can change a grid number at any time. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. as shown. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. but they can also be angular and radial. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. elevation. The exact location is not critical. and section views. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. 2. click in the lower left to start a grid line. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s s In the view window. The exact length is not critical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Datum panel. and walls. beams.Structural . In this exercise. click Grid. The numbering automatically increments. In plan views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. This is a common step early in designing a large building.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Pull the cursor straight up. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Grid datasets.

The Grid tool is still active. Click to start another grid line.3. 4. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Structural s 415 . Click to place a new grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line.

The new grid line will be number 3. s Select Grid Line 2. Press ENTER. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Enter A at the keyboard. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Repeat to create grid line 4. 6. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Press ENTER. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. The new grid line is number 5.5. Click to start a grid line. Pull the cursor to the left. Pull the cursor to the right.Structural . close to the heads. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. click to place the grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. 7.

This grid line will be number B. Change the number to 2. click the elbow control to place an offset. The Grid tool is still active. 10.8. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Structural s 417 . 11. s Select grid 2. On the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Grid 2. s Click Copy.1 is still selected. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. 9. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. This completes the main grid. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Click to place the grid line.1. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.

On the Draw panel. Click to place the grid head. On the Options Bar. Revit will convert this to 15'-0".Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 3. click Pick. s s Click grid intersection D3. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. click Radius. s Click to start the grid line. On the Draw panel.000 o . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Create panel. On the Home tab. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Press ENTER. click Grid. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. 4. select Center-Ends Arc. In the Radius field. enter 15. Zoom to Fit. set Offset to 15'-0". The Grid tool is still active. Click in the new grid bubble. Change the number to EE. On the Options Bar.Structural .

Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. 6. You will need to identify it easily. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click to place grid FF. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Select grid 3 to show its controls. 7. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.5. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Structural s 419 . Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.

s Select grid 31. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Click to place the grid line. s 10.Pick Axis. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Press ENTER. 9. 11.rvt.8. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s In this exercise.Structural .000. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 3. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. click Create Similar. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Zoom to Fit. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click Mirror . Revit will create grid 32. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Enter 31 to change the name.

s Add footings to columns. click Column > Structural Column. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Now you place columns at grid intersections. you typically create a grid. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. s Use a column grid to place beams. 2. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. s 3. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. As a result. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s Change a grid layout. Structure panel. Structural s 421 . the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. This is a steel column.

6. click Finish. C and D. In the Multiple panel. 2. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. B. 4.Structural . 4. 5. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. On the Multiple panel. 3. click At Grids. set Height to Level 3.s s On the Options Bar. A.

On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 3. click Finish. Zoom to Fit. On the Multiple panel. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Window-select all the grid lines. columns. click On Grids. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. click Beam.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 4. 2. Click Grid 1. 5. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Structural s 423 . The grid. and beams will move to the right.

Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. click Undo. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 6. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. window-select all the columns. 3. click At Columns. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 2. 1. Columns and beams will move to the right. Click Redo. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open the Default 3D view. click No. click Finish. click Isolated.Structural . 4.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Quick Access toolbar. In the view window.

Structural s 425 . set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". in the Type Selector. A warning displays. The footing had been placed at Level 1. To change the size of the footing. The footing changes size.5. Click OK. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 6. Press ESC to clear the column selection. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 7. s On the Properties palette.

In this exercise.8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural . Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns. s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. spans. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics.Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Change a grid layout. Questions 1. Column b. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. All of the above. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Brace c. 2. Beam d. False Summary/Questions s 429 . True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beam systems. s Add footings to columns. s Place braces.

Properties c. c. a. you: a. If you relocate a grid line. Stretch b. To create a beam system. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Flip Orientation d. True b.Structural . When placing columns or beams. Pick points. you can: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. A and B. b. Select a beam type and define the system layout. b. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. All of the above. Select the type of beam or column to place. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 5. 3. True b. you use: a. d. c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A but not B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. To change the height of a column. 2. False 4. Use grid lines and grid intersections. d.

WI Roger Dohm .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Ltd.Instructor.org Project Lead the Way. PE . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Director. CA Ronald A Williams. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Executive Director. Mathematics. Poway High School. Poway. South Division High School. Inc.Teacher. Starkweather .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Copyright s 431 . Smith .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Randy Dymond.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Milwaukee. Susan Harrington .iteaconnect. International Technology Education Association www.

Autodesk Inventor. INC. Published by: Autodesk. Inc. INC. AutoCAD Civil 3D.. All other brand names.. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Inc. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. this publication. CA 94903. product names. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. All rights reserved. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. All rights reserved. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Autodesk Revit Architecture. or parts thereof. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Revit MEP.© 2010 Autodesk. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. 2010 Autodesk. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. for any purpose. Inc. “AS IS. Trademarks Autodesk. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. AutoCAD. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite.” AUTODESK. by any method. Inc. AutoCAD MEP. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Inc. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.

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