Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls. the display shows editable distances and angles.

elevation. roofs. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. section. and 3D views. floors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . windows. furniture. You can add building elements in plan. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. Other building elements such as doors. stairs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied.Software Tools .

windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the illustration shown. If one is moved. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. the other will move as well. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown.

all the windows obey their constraints. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Math (STEM). Engineering. This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Constrain placement of objects. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Describe the tools for placing building elements. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Place a predefined Mass family. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. engineering. s Use tools to create building elements from masses.

The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. such as distance requirements from roadways.Software Tools . Masses can be edited in many ways. roofs. quickly. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. and curtain systems. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. owner. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. walls. There are mass families available to load into a project. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. size. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. or masses. and then converted into building components such as floors. you can create in-place masses. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. A designer.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

masses.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. walls. or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. roofs.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

legends. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. and symbol heads. Annotation includes text notes. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. tags. s Explain the use of dimensions. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Software Tools . and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. or angular.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Technology. s Work with tool buttons. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser.Software Tools . the Type Selector. s Open and use ribbon tabs. engineering. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. and Options Bar. Engineering. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Open tabs on the ribbon. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Some commands will not be active (that is. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. for instance. windows. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. and rooms. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Display and Navigation s 31 . doors. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. beams.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Its position is fixed.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

symbols. slabs. columns. detailing. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and foundations. trusses. braces. and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 . structural walls.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and parameters. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. materials. and inquiry. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. This menu has file management tools such as New. Open. Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. and Close. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Save.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. schedules. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules. with four elevation markers visible. families.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and groups. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. sheets.Software Tools . Legends.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 .

42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . View Control Bar View scale. A check mark indicates it is visible. sun settings. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. Windows panel on the ribbon. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. level of detail. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. rendering (in 3D views). This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. visual style.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. cropping.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list.

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line is the default. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 .The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. sun and shadow intensity. or by global location. date and time. which can be according to the view.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. the view window displays a colored border. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

along with other display settings. These controls. enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Nine tabs are available: Home.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Manage and Modify. Insert. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. To activate or open a view. Massing & Site. View. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Structure. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Annotate. Collaborate. Display and Navigation s 55 .

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. showing options that you can select while you are working.Context Tabs. the Options Bar may display below it. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. If you select items in the view window. When a context tab is active. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Display and Navigation s 57 .

58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. the application menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Save. and Publish. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Display and Navigation s 65 . Export. Click a file name to open that file. File Close only appears on the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. such as File Open. Print. New File.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

make the Home tab active. After you have examined each of them. or click New > Project from the application menu.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Display and Navigation s 67 . 2. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. The panel titles display under the tab titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. If you select the menu option. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Do this for other tabs. 3. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. To start a new project. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The completed exercise 4. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. click OK in the dialog box that opens.

Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Cycle Through All. Close the file without saving. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.5. 7. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.Software Tools . In this exercise. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then viewed. you opened a project file. 6.

Exercise 2.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The file opens to a 3D view. Open quick_start_building_elements. 2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.rvt. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in Getting Started. doubleclick the view name. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.

Click OK. 8. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 5. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click any interior wall. 4. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 7. . On the Properties palette.3. all the walls. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 6. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Clear Walls and Doors. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and windows highlight blue.Software Tools . doors. You are selecting everything visible. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model.

11. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. examined the menus and toolbars.rvt. Place a door as shown. click Create panel > Create Similar. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.9. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Display and Navigation s 71 . 10. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click any door. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 12. you opened a project file.

templates. and 3D views using the View menu. s Work with Revit families.Software Tools . s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Pan. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and views.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. System families include levels. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. operating settings. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. display controls. Component families include model objects (furniture. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. drafting views. floors). Revit provides floor plan. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. In the exercises. either predefined or user-created. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. building elements (walls. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. ceiling plan. Engineering. and elevation views by default. s Load and place component families. You can create sections. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. mechanical equipment). 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . annotations. lines. s Create a new in-place family. schedules.

engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology.This lesson relates to science. and math standards.

Click the Annotation Categories tab. 2. First. VG also opens the dialog box. The display changes. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. even a small one. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. There is no way to see everything in it. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Rightclick in the view window.Exercise: View Controls A building model. 3. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Right-click. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Use your keyboard to enter VV. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. There is also a copy in the course datasets. The completed exercise Visibility 1. is an extensive database.rvt. Open Unit2_building_elements. Four elevation markers are visible.

The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Select Detail Level: Medium. 6. Right-click. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click. Click and drag the cursor as shown. 5. Zoom to Fit. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click Open. so be sure to select them both. On the View Control Bar. Enter ZF. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Select the roof outline. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. click Detail Level. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out.4. 7. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Zoom In Region.

8. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.Software Tools . doors and windows are not shown. as before. change the Underlay value to None. Click Zoom to Fit. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Turn off visibility of the elevations. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. 2. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. Enter VH. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Properties palette. View Properties 1.

click Edit. Next to View Range. the ridge is now visible. Right-click.3. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 4. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. and where the cut plane sits. Click Rename. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Working with Views and Objects s 77 . For Name. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.0". All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. enter Roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click OK.

Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shadows On. In the dialog box that opens. Set the time to 9:30 am.Graphic Display Options 1. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shading with Edges.Software Tools . click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . under Solar Study. Accept the location that activates. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Winter Solstice. 3. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 4. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the Presets list. 2. 5. select Still. Open Elevation view South.

rvt.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. 6. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

Additionally.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. lights. walls. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. or stand-alone (for example. These components are called families and there are several different types. Open Unit2_views. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. floors. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. you open an existing project file. load. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. is predefined within Revit. such as levels. You add closet doors to interior walls. Build panel. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. windows. railings.rvt. click Door. or institutional structures. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. and families in place. 2. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. On the Home tab. windows. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. This exercise illustrates how you locate. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry.Software Tools . commercial. and use a Revit family to place a door. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. furniture). You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Doors are considered standard family entities. s A system family. and so on. and floors. In Revit. and place Revit families. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and annotations are examples of standard families. 3. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Doors. standard families. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and furniture. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. roofs. There are system families. furniture.

Click Open. If you highlight a door family. As you move your cursor near any wall.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Locate Double Panel 2. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Accept the default size. Click the Doors folder.rvt. s s 6. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. 4. Project files have a file extension of *. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Furniture. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. 5. Click Open.rfa. and Annotation. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). You click to place an instance of the door family. Family files have a file extension of *. Tag panel. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rfa. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. It has a number of different sizes defined.

Place an instance of the door as shown. but not strongly. loaded. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again.rvt.7. you located. simply click it. 9. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 8. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. and placed instances of a door family. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. In this exercise. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.Software Tools . The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.

Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 2. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . click Duplicate. 5. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Click OK. Open Unit2_doors_walls. For Name. Select the double door as shown. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and create an in-place family. you open an existing project file. modify a door family. The required width is not available. 4.rvt. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. This door needs to be 48" wide. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter 48" x 80". 3.

is to create a component family in place. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The door updates. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK. 2. select Generic Models. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 1. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. click Component > Model In-Place. 4. On the Properties palette. In the dialog box.Software Tools . Build panel. Click OK. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. enter Hall Clock. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 3. On the Home tab.6. 5. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. For Name.

9. 8. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . you located. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You have created the base of the clock. The family model updates. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Revit will display .rvt.6. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .0' 2". Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". The exact dimensions and location are not critical. and placed a door family. click Rectangle. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 13. Click OK. 10. 12. as shown. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.2". loaded. In this exercise. 11. On the Draw panel. 7.4" as shown. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. b. d. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Access. 7. Turn on Shadows. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. False 5. context tabs. Zoom to the entire model. c. True b.Software Tools . s Change view properties. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. False 4. d. s Change type properties of a family. The tool shown is used to: a. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. and place a family from a library. Create a 3D perspective view. s Change view displays. Each project has several predefined views. Questions 1. and Options Bar. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. s Adjust Visual Style Options. b. b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Either a or b. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. a. True b. depending on the template selected. c. False 3. Right-click. d. s Create an in-place model family. True b. s Open different views. load. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. All content tools are located on the ribbon. 6. True b. To activate a view: a. tab. c. Spin the model in 3D space. and click Open. Views can be renamed. a. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. False 2. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings.

Pan and Zoom b. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Project Browser d.) are called: a. a. Standard b. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Families 11. In-Place d. depending on settings 9. Blocks c. Rotate c. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Multiview b. System c. All of the above. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Scroll d. a. Properties palette 10. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . etc. A family created within a project is called ________________. Parts d. windows.8.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Create a project template. 9. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create labels. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. Lesson Plan 1. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create dimensions and text. 6. s Set project units. s Duplicate and modify views. 2. 4. s Create dimension and text styles. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 5.

org. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. colors.aias.Standards and Building Codes . and so forth. Technology. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. based on the AIA standards. Engineering. linetypes. Explain why templates are used. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Math (STEM).org. and Language Arts. and the settings that are preset within them. defining the layers. After completing this lesson. Visit the AIA website at www. should be used. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.aia. colors. linetypes. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Many cities and counties have their own rules. Visit the AIAS website at www. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. it cannot be called a bedroom. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. and one closet. doors. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. windows. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. A garage must be completely enclosed. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. like mechanical drawing. one window. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. the number being its numerical value. and so on. it must have at least one door. and so on. defined and adopted by convention. For example. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). a bathroom. a garage. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A unit is a particular physical quantity. If it lacks any of these components. otherwise it is considered a carport. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. If there is a fire. Drawing Units Architectural drawing.Standards and Building Codes .

while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. the construction industry still uses the English. and other materials. However. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. unit symbol m.For example. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. or imperial. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. using imperial units. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . glass. Another method is to apply dual notation. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. its value is expressed in the unit meter. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. also known as the International System of Units. is 555 ft. units are applied to dimensions. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. In architectural drafting. unit symbol ft. in the United States. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169.. Here h is the physical quantity. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. such as room size and wall height. is 169 m. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555.

A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and viewports. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. every 1/8" would represent 1'. one value representing another value.Standards and Building Codes .Scales are ratios. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. In Revit Architecture. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Each size is designated by a letter.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. line weight and pattern. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. sheets. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.) 8. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.

temporary Schedules Sections. You create and position views. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. The integers go from 0 to 9. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. site plan. notes Demolition. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.01. symbols.a modified version of the AIA standard. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. elevators. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).

Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Usually. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Typically. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. fonts. that is. The column is divided into sections. the electrician. The next space is for tracking revisions. For example. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. the author of the drawing. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and so on. The paper is oriented landscape.Standards and Building Codes . followed by information on the building's owner. drawing scales. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. the date drawn. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. the HVAC company. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. annotation plot sizes.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. and layer standards. so that the height is less than the width. and other relevant information. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.

dimension and text styles. title blocks. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. layer settings.

windows. dimension styles. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. and Language Arts. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. and walls. Engineering.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Math (STEM).Standards and Building Codes . you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . These can be used to build your model. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. views.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . and math standards.

The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . you create a new project file using a template. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. click Browse. 3. factory. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. In the New Project dialog box. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the application menu. Condominiums. Open Revit to an empty project file. apartments. 2. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In Revit. you use templates as starting points. click New > Project. or store. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Select a Template 1.

You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Settings s 103 . you started a new project file using a standard template. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Select the Residential-Default. On the application menu. click Close to close this project without saving. 5.4. Click OK. saving set up time. Click Open. 6. In this exercise.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The file opens to a 3D view. expand Floor Plans under Views. In the courseware datasets folder. Build panel.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Pull the cursor to the right. 2. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.Standards and Building Codes . 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . open ADA__Settings. In the Project Browser. 3. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In this exercise. Click to start a new wall. the drawing setup options are preset.rvt. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. click Wall. The Wall tool remains active. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1.

For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Settings s 105 . you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. In this exercise.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Close the file without saving.4. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Format for Length. 7. Place the cursor over the left wall. 5. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. and move the cursor right. s Set Unit symbol to m. click to start a new wall. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 8. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.) 6.

there are two types of dimensions. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. or insert components.Standards and Building Codes . 4. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. but also control the size and location of objects. dimensions not only display. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. enter Big Text. For Name. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. click Duplicate. click Edit Type. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 1. temporary and permanent. 3.rvt. create. 2. click Aligned. Temporary dimensions display when you select. On the Properties palette. Open ADA_Dimensions. Dimension panel. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. By default. On the Annotate tab. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Settings s 107 . Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 6.5. s Click OK twice. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Click to place. Select the top. and bottom horizontal walls. 7. left. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Text Size to 3/16".

Standards and Building Codes . Click to place the dimension. In this exercise. The Dimension tool stays active. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. 9. you opened an existing file. created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Close the file without saving. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .8. upper. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls.

Notice the door and window tags. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. Settings s 109 . and the view window displays the new plan. 3. In order to do this. These are annotations. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. There are no annotations visible. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In the Project Browser. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In the datasets folder.

Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 7. click Project Information. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 1.Standards and Building Codes . 5. 8.4. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK to update the display of this view. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. On the Manage tab. Click OK. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 9. Double-click to open it. Settings panel. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click Rename. 6. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view.

3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Settings s 111 . 2. 2. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click OK. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. In the Value column of Project Address. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Enter the address as shown. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click OK.Add a Sheet 1.) 3. Click New Sheet. click Edit. Rightclick. You can also enter the address of your school.

4. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Next. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Click Apply.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. 5. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.Standards and Building Codes .

Settings s 113 . Right-click in the view. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Deactivate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 2. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click. Select the new viewport. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Select Add View to Sheet. Click Activate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 4. 3.

of the sheet. s Added a sheet. Finish the move. you: select it. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The view updates on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Place the cursor 7. s Placed a view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Scale updates in the title block. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Close the file without saving. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.5. deselect it. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 6.Standards and Building Codes .

5 title block template opens. It opens to the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.5. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Select A-11x8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 4. A copy of the 11 x 8. On the application menu. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 3. click New > Titleblock. This is one of the longer exercises. Start Revit Architecture.rft. Settings s 115 . The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 2.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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In this exercise.rfa.Landscape. s Accept the Sample Value. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. On the Quick Access toolbar. Click Zoom to Fit. 12. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name.9. select Drawn By. 14. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. you created a title block using a template file. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 13. click Save to save the title block. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Add a label for Sheet Number. 10. 11. Right-click. Save the title block as A . You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . s Click Add. click Close. Add a label for Checked By. 15. On the application menu. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. In the Recent Files window. and then load a custom title block into your project. you create a new project file. 4. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. 5. 2.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 3. On the View tab. Locate your title block. Click Open. Insert a Title Block 1. Highlight the title block and click OK. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click New to create a new project using the default template. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. The title block appears in the graphics window. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Settings s 125 .

edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. click Project Information. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. enter Student Project Unit 3.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. On the Manage tab. Click OK. 3. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes .Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. On the Properties palette. s For Drawn By. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 2. 5. s For Checked By. enter your name. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. Select the title block. Click Zoom to Fit. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. you a created a new project file. Settings panel. Click OK. enter your instructor's name. 4. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 6.

3. and geometry from the template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . you create a new project file. select Project Template. settings. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 1. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. and then load them like families. you define the title block. and the units for your custom template. click New > Project. including how the rendered image looks.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Families: Load in families you use most often. 2. Click OK. in addition to predefined wall types. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. and slope angle. On the application menu. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. In the New Project dialog box. There are various settings you can define for your template. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Create a Template In this exercise. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. such as 3D and plan views. angles. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. On the Insert tab. a dimension style. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. In this exercise. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project.

Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Duplicate.Landscape.4. Set the units for the template. 6. 7. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Click the Length field in the Format column. Next. 8. click Settings panel > Project Units. On the Manage tab. There will be no visible change. Open the title block A . create a Dimension Style. On the Annotate tab. 9.Standards and Building Codes . In the Type Properties dialog box. enter 3/16" Verdana. You create a custom dimension style. 5. Click OK.rfa. For Name. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK twice. 10.

Settings s 129 . On the Properties palette. 12. Click OK. Click New Sheet. Click OK. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 15.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2.11. Select the A . select Sheets (All). Rightclick. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 14. In the Project Browser.

The title block updates. as well as dimension style and units. Click OK. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. You can use this template for future projects.rte. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. Save the file name as A-English template.Standards and Building Codes . 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 17. you created a new template file using a dimension style. In this exercise. Save your project template in your class project folder. title block.16. and units that you defined.

s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

02 d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A unit 4.05 c. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". General Questions 1. is defined as what? a. s Create a text style.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Create labels.Standards and Building Codes . s Create text. a. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. An architect b. 1:3 b. 1:24 d. Using AIA Standards. A. UBC c. P.02 b. you learned to: s Set units in a file.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A particular physical quantity. English c. a. S. True b. s Create a template. a. s Create dimensions. s Change lineweight. dimension styles. s Create a title block. 1:32 5. Metric d. and symbols used in drawing? a. NCSESA 2. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. False 3. s Change dimension colors. NCTM d. AIA b. A. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create a dimension style. 1:12 c.

Point offsets 3. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. dimensions snap to: a. To create a new sheet. a. True b. To change the scale of a view. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. you use: a. Wall centerlines c. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Wall midpoints d. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. True b. you click: a. By default.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu > Properties b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. a. False 6. To set the units in a project. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Application menu > New > Sheet b. In Revit Architecture. a. False 4. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall faces b.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Define a wall structure. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 2. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Align walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 4.

separate. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.Walls . and protect its interior spaces. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . List the different types of occupancy. or filling in between. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. them. their construction and materials.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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a dashed line displays. To modify a dimension. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall.3. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. 4. an angular dimension displays. Select the Single Line option. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Walls s 151 . Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Expand the Type Selector list. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. indicating wall length. Click to set the endpoint. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. As you continue to move the cursor. 5. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. the dimension updates incrementally. It will not print. Clear the Chain option.Brick on Mtl. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Enter 10. click it to open an edit field. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. After you create the wall. Stud.

Select panel. 8. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. 7. On the Modify | Walls tab. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Modify | Place Wall tab. the controls may sit on top of one another. Depending on your zoom in the view. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector.Walls . The wall does not show any internal detail. click Modify to stop placing walls. On the View Control Bar. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Press ENTER. Click to start the next wall. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. click Create Similar. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. enter 7. click the Detail Level icon. Click the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.6. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Create panel. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. After setting the vertical wall's direction.

When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Also. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length.9. Walls s 153 . Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Notice that two dimensions display. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. 10. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Click Modify. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Because you drew the wall from up to down. no matter where you move the cursor. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. an alignment line displays. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Make the horizontal wall 8' long.

Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Select the lower vertical wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 12. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. On the Home tab.Walls . 15. Repeat. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 13. When using the Chain option. 16. Build panel. Sketch the walls as shown. click Wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Click Cancel.11. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 14.

Select the Three Point Arc tool. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 17.18. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". After clicking the second end. Click Create Similar again. Click Zoom to Fit. 19. Walls s 155 .rvt. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Modify. Clear the Chain option. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 20. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. In this exercise. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.

Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. This exercise illustrates how to split.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. The cursor changes to a razor blade.Walls . Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Only part of the wall highlights. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. 4. 2. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. trim. Click Modify. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You now remove the upper right corner. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. To do this. Both split walls are shown below.rvt from the previous exercise. and extend walls. 3. align. you first split the walls at the intersections. fillet. Split Walls 1.

Click Fillet Arc. On the Modify | Walls tab. 3. click Create Similar. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Create panel. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 2. You can also click the flip control. Enter 5'. 4. On the Options Bar. select Radius. click Undo and repeat the steps. On the Modify | Wall tab. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). 5. Modify panel. click Delete. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. If you make a mistake. Walls s 157 . Select any wall. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections.Fillet Walls 1.

Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 2. Place an interior wall as shown. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: Interior . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.Walls . The Wall tool is still active.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 1. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3. You align the wall in the next steps.

Pull the cursor straight up. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.4. The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. clear Chain. s On the Options Bar. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Click to create a wall. such as location lines. You can lock the alignment.

4. The walls can cross. 2. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the two interior walls in turn. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The length is not critical. Select the vertical wall as shown. 6.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 3. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This will extend to the border. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the horizontal wall as shown. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. This will be the border.Walls . 5.

Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet.rvt.7. In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim. align. Walls s 161 .

The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Properties palette. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 3. click Edit Type. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The Modify tool is active by default. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. satisfy different requirements. Select the Exterior wall as shown.Walls . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 1. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. In the Project Browser. and vary in cost.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 2.

4. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. When you are finished. click Edit in the Structure value field. Click Insert twice. For Name. Every layer of a wall. s Click the arrow at the right. Click OK. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. s Click Up. Walls s 163 . except Core Boundary. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 8. s Select Finish 1 [4]. has a Function you can edit. 5. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Add two additional layers to the wall. 7. enter 8" Insulated Stud. the wall structure should be as shown. To edit the structure of the wall. 6. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Click the number of Layer 3. s Click Down twice. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1.

11. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.Exterior . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Walls . s Click the icon that appears at the right. s Set the Material to Finishes . Material. 10. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Material to Wood . 13. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Modify the Function. which displays plan or section views. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 12. select Finishes .9.Stud Layer. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.

Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 16. 15. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select Medium. From the Detail level list. expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties.14. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. On the Properties palette. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Walls s 165 . 17. In the Project Browser.

Expand Walls > Basic Wall. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.Walls . You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 19. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 20. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. In this exercise. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Close the file without saving.18. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. You opened an existing file. Right-click 8" Exterior. From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure.

You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. wood rails. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Brick on Mtl. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. you create and modify vertically compound walls. In this exercise. 2. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. and a decorated interior surface. for example. Select one of the Exterior . such as a weatherproof outside surface. Stud walls as shown. a structural mid-section. 3.rvt. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The model opens in a 3D view. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. You can define a wall type with these elements.

the new regions assume the same material as the original. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. As indicated in the dialog box title. If not already expanded. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . into regions. click Edit. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. When you split a layer. To define the structure of the wall. Click Split Region. You change the type. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Wall structures are Type Properties. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 8. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. In this exercise. You can assign different materials to regions. in the Structure value field. either horizontally or vertically. so all instances of this type change. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes.Walls .4. To split a layer or region horizontally. 7. 2. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 5. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. or you will lose your changes. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 1. You can split regions into other regions. You can set the sample height to any value. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. To split a layer or region vertically. highlight one of the borders. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. 6.

since both regions are composed of the same layer. 4. The upper split disappears. After merge. Walls s 169 . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Prehighlight a border between regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. When you merge regions. Click to merge them. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 1.Brick layer. Click to split the region into two parts. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. In this case. 3. Click to merge the two layers. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 2. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. assign Layer 1.3. Click Merge Regions.

under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Press ENTER. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Click Insert. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 2. 4. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Change the value to 12. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Click again to return to the original position. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. If you set the split offset down from the top. to the next parallel line. Click the temporary dimension text.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. you assign the material Masonry Brick . The dimension text turns blue. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. s Select the split line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 1. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 2. instead of down. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Next. 3. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. 1. click Modify. To create a new wall layer. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 3. indicating that it is modifiable. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. In the Edit dialog box. After a region is split.Walls .

It immediately highlights in blue. 10. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.Brick Soldier Course layer.4. It also shows a thickness value. Click OK. Click OK. because it is now the selected layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. 8. When a layer is selected in the table. Click Assign Layers. The preview changes appearance. as shown. 5. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. All walls of this type have been changed. Merge Region. 6. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Walls s 171 . The column widths in the table can be adjusted. and Insert Layer tools. 7.Brick Soldier Course. Close the file without saving. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Split Region. Modify. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 9. Change the Material to Masonry . In this exercise.

172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and insulation. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.Walls . but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and protected. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. earth. installed.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. ducting. piping. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Custom types and sizes can also be built. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. but also the natural lighting. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the view.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route.

Some families are loaded into each empty file. Doors and Windows s 187 . and copy these elements. s Copy windows. windows. and math standards. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Components such as doors. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. how to load additional door and window families. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and furniture are defined in family files. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. In this unit. Engineering. engineering. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. s Center a door in a wall. and Language Arts. technology.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. move. and how to position. you learn how to place doors and windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

To reverse the swing. On the Home tab. Build panel. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.Doors and Windows . 3. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. or 3D view. Once a door is placed. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. 2. elevation view. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt under the courseware datasets folder. the door swing would be to the left side. click Door. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. This can be done in a plan view. To flip the door. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Add Doors 1. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. In other words.

From the Type Selector list. With the Door command active. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. and windows into project files. Doors and Windows s 189 . Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. In order to keep file size small. on the Modify | Place Door tab. walls. Click Open. except for the Type Selector. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Select the door Double-Panel 2. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. The display does not change.Load Families 1. 2. 3. Mode panel.rfa. click Load Family.

select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. From the Type Selector. If necessary. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 5. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.Doors and Windows .4. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.

simply click it and enter the correct value. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.6. change a temporary dimension. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Remember. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. If you place a door in the wrong location. Do not add the dimensions. Place instances of single doors as shown. or by using the swing control arrows.

Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .7.rvt.

Add Windows 1. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. 2. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . approach the wall from the right side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. On the Home tab. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. When placing windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. From the Type Selector. elevation view. or 3D view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. click Modify and select the window.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Build panel. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. You can place windows in a plan view. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. the outside of the window is to the left side. click Window. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Open Unit5_doors.

rvt. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. In this exercise. Place seven more windows as shown. loaded a door family. and placed windows. 5.Doors and Windows . Window tags do not number in sequence. you opened an existing project. placed doors. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . You do not need to add dimensions. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 4.3.

On the Annotate tab. and so on. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. you open an existing project file. s Align and modify walls. 3. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 1.rvt. 2. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. wall. constrain it to be centered in a wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. and modify the wall. Dimension panel. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. place a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. 4. window. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. click Aligned.

Align Walls 1. The walls are now aligned. This means that if one wall shifts. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the two wall faces indicated to align.Doors and Windows . Select the upper wall first. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click it and it changes as shown. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. the other wall will remain aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension.s s s s Click the left wall. Click the right wall. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Notice the symbol. 2. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the center of the door. 6. The door changes location. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

The walls shift and remain aligned. Change the dimension to 16. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Right-click. Dimensions display below it. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Clear the EQ Display value. Doors and Windows s 197 .) The dimension value is now shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 3. 5.

Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.6. you placed a continuous dimension. 7. In this exercise.Doors and Windows .rvt. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. click Create Similar. 4. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Doors and Windows s 199 .rvt. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 2. In this exercise. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. especially if there are many different types. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 1. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. On the Modify | Windows tab.

The window will change appearance.Doors and Windows . click Copy. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Modify panel. The window is copied. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.Copy Windows 1. 4. Select the window you just placed. On the Modify | Windows tab. 3. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 2. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point.

Right-click. 6. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.rvt.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . Click Zoom to Fit. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. In this exercise.

The stability of glass in response to wind. flat glass is a recent invention. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. cold.

Standard b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. General Questions 1. 32" d. False 2. 28" b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Position a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 36" c. Custom 3. 30" c. you learned to: s Place doors. a. 34" 4. s Place a window. 32" b. s Copy a door or window. If a room is used for sleeping. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 40" d. True b. s Align a door or window.

b. c. Click Flip Direction. a. Click Door Properties. Duplicate d. To change the location of a door or window. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Use door grips to reposition. True b. Load from Library b.Doors and Windows . Select the door. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you use: a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. 6. Insert d. Clone b. d. a. a. Load c. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. True b. The center snap 7. Click Door Properties. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Copy 8. Link c. b. 4. Offset c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Click Modify > Flip Direction. you: a. you use ________. a. Right-click. Properties 3. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Select the door. False 2. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. A reference plane b. False 5. d. To center a door or window in a wall. c. Select the door.

Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 2. 6. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Modify stair boundaries. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 4.

and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. After completing this lesson. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. List the different stair types.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and math standards. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). About Stairs and Railings s 207 . This lesson relates to technology. Technology.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined. Then. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.

Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Doors should swing the direction of egress.

s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum.Stairs and Railings .

Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". but not more than 2". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. About Stairs and Railings s 215 .

which includes elevators. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. You create stairs in a plan view. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Create stairs. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Technology. s Modify stairs. engineering. The riser and run values update accordingly. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. ramps. or vertical circulation. In multistory buildings. This lesson relates to technology. s Add a railing. and math standards. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. of certain horizontal depth or run. and stairs. You can define straight runs. U-shaped stairs. Engineering. or tread. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and Language Arts. and spiral stairs.Stairs and Railings . Revit generates railings automatically for stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). As you move the cursor. For safety reasons. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Math (STEM). s Create U-shaped stairs.

3. This enables you to place the stairs properly. On the Properties palette.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.rvt. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Stairs and Railings s 217 . This file is in metric units. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. you create stairs using a straight run. Zoom in Region to the lobby. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.

which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. you create a straight run.Stairs and Railings . Click OK to close the dialog box. These tools are used to define your stairs. 5. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. Run is preselected. In this case. Circulation panel. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. click Stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).4. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. On the Home tab. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. You can also enter a distance of 4400. the run footprint stops expanding. As you move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. To change the run dimension. Select this intersection point to start your run. and then click to define the run of stairs. 8. select Finish (green check). If you have not fully created the run. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 9. 10. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Stairs and Railings s 219 .6. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. 7. On the Mode panel. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. You can continue to move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors.

click application menu > Save As > Project.11. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and switched to a 3D view.rvt. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 13. you created and placed a straight run stair. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.Stairs and Railings . AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. To avoid overwriting the original file. In this exercise. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 12.

click Align. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Edit panel. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The stair is not centered on the landing.rvt. On the Modify tab. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Level 1. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Activate view Floor Plans. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.

select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the wall first. If you have a scroll mouse. 5. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. You can rotate your model to get a better view. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Click the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . from the Prefer list. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open the lobby stair view to see the result.4. which is located at the center of the stairs. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Take time to make the selections correctly. The Align command remains active. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.

On the Properties palette. s For Name. Graphics. click Edit Type. expand Sections (Building Section). A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. 7. As you prehighlight them. Change Width to 1350. s Click OK. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . On the Properties palette. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Select the stairs. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Hover the cursor over the railing. 8. enter Lobby Stairs. railings were created with the stairs. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. In the Project Browser. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view.6. 9. and Dimensions subsections. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. s Click Duplicate.

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Cherry s s Click Modify. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .10. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .

In the Type Selector. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The stair changes to the run sketch.12. Click it to select it. Mode panel. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Zoom in on the stairs. 13. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Next. Delete this line. Stairs and Railings s 225 . 14. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. you change the shape of the stairs. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The railings change. click Edit Sketch.

On the Draw panel. 17. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the arc boundary you just created.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the arc. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. click the left end of the top riser. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 16. s On the Modify panel. 19. click Boundary. To place the second arc endpoint. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 18. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.15. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Click Modify. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

select the middle of the seventh riser going up. For the third point. 20. On the Draw panel. the arc center point. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. click Riser. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the left boundary. First. Click CenterEnds-Arc.21. This will define a rounded first step. The left boundary will be mirrored. Next.

rvt. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. On the Mode panel. you modified stair properties and boundaries.22. 23.Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results. In this exercise. click Finish. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.

Stairs and Railings s 229 . you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Click Modify. 2. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. In this case. 3. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Select the right side railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. For simple railings. Therefore.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Zoom into the landing area as shown. you sketch the plan view path. This is typically done in plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing.rvt from the previous exercise. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing. you need to define a path for the railing.

6. click Line. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Mode panel. s s On the Options Bar. The dimensions are shown as a guide.Stairs and Railings .4. on the Modify | Railings tab. You do not need to add dimensions. click Edit Path. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Once the railing is selected. 5. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. edit the temporary dimension. 7. select Chain. To set the exact distance. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. On the Draw panel. Then.

You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. In this exercise. 8. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete your lines and try again. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. 9. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Work Plane panel. s On the Home tab. Create a Reference Plane 1.Stairs and Railings . Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. set the Offset value to 850. the stairs appear as a U-shape.rvt from the previous exercise. you create a reference plane. In a floor plan view. 2. In this exercise. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Options Bar. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between.

Click OK. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. enter Exit Stairs. Click Edit Type. click Stairs. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 6. On the Home tab. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Circulation panel. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 5.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. change the Width parameter to 900. For Name. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. To start sketching the run. 4. Dark Gray. Pull the cursor straight up. Click OK twice. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Matte 2. 3.

Stairs and Railings . Click to finish the stair run.7. enter 1925. with none remaining to be created. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. 9. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Press ENTER. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 8. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer to the right. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to place the first run.

Stairs and Railings s 235 . it is because you have overlapping lines. You want to inspect your stairs. On the Stairs panel. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the View Control bar. 2. Click Finish Stairs again. To remove the lines.10. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Remove the additional lines. 11. but they are hidden behind walls. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click Finish Stairs. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. you select Continue to return the sketch. If you get an error message. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Use Hide/Isolate 1. You temporarily hide the walls in the view.

you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. 5. 6. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings . The exterior walls reappear. 3. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. On the Properties palette.3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Zoom in to see your stairs. you learned to create a reference plane. 2. 4. Select the stairs so they highlight. On the View Control Bar. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor.rvt. Finally. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Reset the Display 1. In this exercise. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This is a multistory stair. The walls are now hidden.

STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. ramps.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators.

s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. but they can also be highly decorative. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. smoke guards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. this openness makes them fire hazards. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Include landings as required by your local building code.Stairs and Railings . and deliver riders without wait time. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 90 degrees d. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 30" b. a. b. 40" 4. 45 degrees c. a. 36" d. 25 degrees b. 180 degrees 3. and all treads should be the same run. True b. you learned to: s Create stairs. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. s Modify stair boundaries. True b. False Summary/Questions s 239 . False 2. s Create railings. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. a. 32" c. General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.

Fasten Railing 5.Stairs and Railings . Insert 2. risers and treads. a. Treads. Run. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Modify c. Rectangle c. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. Circle 4. Boundary lines. Attach Railing c. a. False 6. Railings. Line b. riser d. a. risers b. that is. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Manage d. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Align Railing d. Arc d. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. True b. Pick New Host b. True b. risers 3. riser lines c. Home b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you use the _______ option. You can apply materials to different stair components.

(Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 9. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 6. s Place fascia. (Student) 8. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 7. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 11. (Discussion) 2. s Place gutters. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Review of roof types. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.

List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and downspouts. After completing this lesson. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. gutters. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. tiles. Calculate the rise. and pitch of a sloped roof.Roofs . Identify the different roof types. run. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. roof types. It addresses roof construction.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.

Math (STEM). Technology. s Rake: The inclined. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. and Language Arts. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. About Roofs s 243 . Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

and low maintenance roofing material. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resistance to wind and fire. and sun. and if visible. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. and if visible. and color. rot. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. both low and steep. resistance to wind and fire. They come in several types. These are used more often on upscale homes. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. durability. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. texture. maintenance. durability. the roofing pattern. fire-resistant. and colors. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. texture. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. as well as how effective a shelter it is. the roofing pattern. and sunlight. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. snow. resulting in at least one textured face. Sloped roofs. You can use them for many different applications. are designed for shedding water and snow. maintenance. About Roofs s 245 . brands.

Therefore. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. choose a type that will suit your needs. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. and insulating capability (R-value). fiberglass. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. quality. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. odor. zinc alloy. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . They are fire-resistant.Roofs . s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. galvanized steel. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. durable. treatment for insects. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. consider such factors as cost. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. special characteristics (for example. galvanized steel. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. reinforced plastic. and so forth). or corrugated structural glass. and require little maintenance. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. This same roof on a clear. Unfortunately.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains.

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. the requirements for underlayment.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 .

Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. These are commonly used in French-style houses. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.

Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. and span. A number indicates the value of the rise. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. The run value is typically equal to 12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. where as. run.

When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 on 12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.Roofs . 7 to 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create a hip roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Roofs s 255 . s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. or roof overhangs. water. s Assign roof structure and materials. Once you create a roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Create a roof fascia. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. soffits. dormers. that convey rainwater to drains. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. often supporting a gutter. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. To create a roof by face. snow. s Create various roof types. and fascia. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or ice. To create a roof by the extrusion method. or eaves. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. you can add gutters. s Place gutters.

and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Roofs . Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. technology. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Engineering. engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . To create an extruded roof. select the Name option.rvt. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open ADA_Roofs. 4. 3. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click OK to continue. 2. you create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. and then extruded by applying a thickness value..

you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Draw panel. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. s Use the image below for guidance. 6. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Ref Plane. In the Go To View dialog box. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 2. click Line. Click Open View. 3. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. select Section: Section 1. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. 4.5. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. On the Work Plane panel.Roofs . enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. The section view should display as shown.

s Click the EQ toggle. Using a positive offset value. s Select the new dimension. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify. Roofs s 259 .6. sketch from right to left along the Level line. 5. Using the image below for guidance.

Click OK. click Chain. On the Mode panel. for Name.Roofs . Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 1. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 2. 6. click Finish (green check). 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Right-click. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. you can label them. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. click Line. enter Horizontal. On the Properties palette. 7. s On the Options Bar. 5. 4.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Click Modify.

Roofs s 261 . 9. Switch to a 3D view.8. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 3. 1. carefully select the far right roof edge. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. This is a two-step process. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. On the Modify tab. 2. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown.Roofs . 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the images for guidance. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Edit Geometry panel. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.

In the Project Browser. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. However. open the view Sections: Section 1. Select the roof. To select both walls together. On the Modify Wall panel. Roofs s 263 . 3. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. 2. Trim Walls 1. This will join the wall tops to the roof. On the Options Bar.4. select Attach Wall: Top. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select both walls. click Attach: Top/ Base.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.rvt. 5.4. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . In this exercise. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.

Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The inner loops define openings in the roof. Unit7_first_roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. 3. On the Home tab. so you look straight down as in a plan.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. by Footprint. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. In this exercise. 1. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. Build panel. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Because you are in a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. From the drop-down list.rvt. from existing walls. Click Yes. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The footprint sketch is created at 2. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. select Garage Roof. 4. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on.

7. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . If you place a line on the wrong side. s On Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.Roofs . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Next. 8. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. select the vertical wall on the left. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. click Defines Slope. Use the image below for guidance. click Pick Walls.5. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .0". 6.

Click Modify. click Finish. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. It becomes an editable field. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. When a roof line is set to slope defining. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. By default. 1. click Yes. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Change this value to 6"/12". you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. To complete the roof. Click the 9"/12" text. defining lines separately. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. 2. Select the right side roof line. Other controls also display. change the value to 6"/12". Select the left slope defining line. 3.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. The new roof displays. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Roofs s 267 .

Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. In this exercise. 5. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.Roofs .4.rvt.

Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. set the overhang to 1' 0". place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Clear Defines Slope. The file opens to a 3D view. Roofs s 269 .Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. On the Options Bar. On Home tab. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 4. Build panel. 2. When all of the walls prehighlight. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. click to select them. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.rvt. To chain-select all of the walls. 3.

On the Options Bar. 3. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 4. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 2. Using the image for guidance. click Rectangle.Roofs . On the Draw panel. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Zoom into the chimney area.Create a Roof Opening 1. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click. As an alternate.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.Add Slope Lines 1. 3. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. The slope indicator displays. select the Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. 2. As in the previous exercise. select Defines Slope. click Yes. 5. 4. On the Options Bar. horizontal line. Roofs s 271 . 6. Click Finish. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Select the left lower horizontal line.

attached walls.rvt. 8. and chimney penetration. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.7.

click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. Select Defines Slope. The completed exercise On the Home tab.rvt. you create a hip roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 5. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 4. Roofs s 273 . Build panel. Select the three walls shown in the image.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 2. Zoom into the area shown.0". 3. Create the Roof 1. set Overhang to 2' .

2.0". sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Switch to a 3D View. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Right-click the ViewCube. 3. s s Clear Defines Slope. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s On the Draw panel.7. Click Finish to complete the roof. Click OK. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .Roofs . On the Properties palette. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. click Line. In addition. you use the Line tool. Raise the Roof 1. To close the roof sketch. 6.

Select the edge of the hip roof first. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

rvt.Roofs . 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. In this exercise.2. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. Roofs s 277 . On the Draw panel. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 3. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". click Line. Clear Defines Slope. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.rvt. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 7. 2.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 6. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Create a Shed Roof 1. 5.

13. Click Modify. Select the lower. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 9. Right-click the line. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 12.Roofs . Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette.8. 10. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 11.

16. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. 17.14. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Switch to a 3D view. Click OK. 15. Roofs s 279 . Finish the Roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. In this exercise. 18. click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.

Select the Roof. select Level 3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.rvt. 3. The roof updates. On the menu bar. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 2. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 5. On the Properties palette. You see four levels defined in the model. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 4. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Open the Default 3D view. Cutoff Level list. Activate the view North Elevation.Roofs .

Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. On the Home tab. In this exercise. on the Properties palette. 13. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Zoom and spin to see your model. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. set the slope value to 3"/12". Finish the Roof. 7. 8. click Pick Lines. 9. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. select Defines Slope.6. To set the slope for the new roof. 10. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Switch to a 3D View. 11.rvt. Roofs s 281 . 12. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel.

rvt. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . In the Type Selector. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 2. 1. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. thereby reducing energy consumption. 3.Roofs .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Select the main roof over the house.

Click Insert to add a layer.Define a Roof Structure 1. Select Layer 2 as shown. click Edit Type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s Click OK. Select the roof over the garage. click Edit. For Structure Value. For Name. enter Clay Tile. Roofs s 283 . 2. 3. It is a generic roof type. 5. 4.

7. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 6.s s s In the Materials dialog box. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. 8. select Model. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". The garage roof displays a pattern.Roofs . Click OK twice. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.rvt.

Roofs s 285 . The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. click Roof > Fascia. In this exercise. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. 2.rvt.rfa. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. to support a gutter. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 3. 4. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. On the Home tab. In the Open dialog box. On the Insert tab. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. or for decoration.

To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. for Profile. Click OK. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 6. Set the Material value to Metal . click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. In the Type Properties dialog box. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Duplicate. For Name.5. Matte. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Roofs .

you defined and applied a roof fascia.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. 9. Roofs s 287 .

Place Gutters In this exercise.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 6. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Edit Type. click Roof > Gutter. Under Material parameter. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 2. select Gutter . 1.Roofs . s Click Duplicate. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. On the Home tab. under Profile parameter. Click OK. The file should open to a 3D view. For Name. select Metal Aluminum. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. The completed exercise 4.Bevel: 5" x 5".rvt. you add gutters to a building. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. so as not to detract from the design of the building. In the Type Properties dialog box. 3. Click OK. 5. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.

10. If you click the interior face. you attached gutters to a roof. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Roofs s 289 . Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. In this exercise. 9. 11. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary.rvt. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 8.7. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Segments will clean up at corners.

and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. water. heat.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs .

m. s Using your own house. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

a. True b.Roofs . False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. s Place fascia. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. High d. Shed 4. Gambrel d. the run is always 12. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. When referring to roof slope. s Define a roof structure. Hip c. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. False 2. True b. s Place gutters. General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. a. Low b. None of the above 3. Gable b.

A compound roof contains layers. Activate Slope 9. Defines Slope c. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. DEL d. place a check mark next to: a. Add Slope b. d. Footprint. True b. profile. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Change the direction of the slope. extrusion. extrusion. True b. b. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. a. Turn slopes on or off. a. pick d. Trim/Extend b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. False 7. sketch. Slope c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Walls.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. a. ENTER 4. Material 8. Create Slope d. Cut/Lengthen c. Face 3. False 5. a. c. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. ______ or _______. Sketch. Footprint b. a. Change the direction of the roof. Footprint b. lines c. Walls d. face b. To add a slope to a roofline. TAB b. Footprint. Roofs can be created using ______. Sketch c. False Summary/Questions s 293 . True b. Extrusion d. SHIFT c. Create an opening. you use: a. Expand/Contract 6. 10. profile 2.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create a section view. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.

296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Sections are used to examine the roof.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.Sections and Elevations . Elevations are derived from the floor plan. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. floor. In a residential building. the location of special equipment. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. cabinetry. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. In a commercial structure. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. the kitchen. After completing this lesson. and special equipment. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and tool racks. bathrooms. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Engineering. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). and math standards. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 .

s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. across its narrower dimension. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). t Cross or transverse sections. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. on the long axis of the building. framing. and foundation plans. and are properly cross-referenced. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values.Sections and Elevations . s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned.

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial. unnecessary. full. such as framing connections and foundation details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. such as doors and windows. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Sections and Elevations . s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s The position relationship between different elements. For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.

Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Unnecessary Information Shades. You may. shadows. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. or methods of installation. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. and so forth." Mfr. East. For a wood structure. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . people. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and then the name of the material. the titles assigned (North. quantity. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. For siding. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. this is reversed. For example. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. however. bushes. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. South. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. With interior elevations. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. The size of the object is listed first. cars. Therefore. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. followed by any additional information about spacing.

Sections and Elevations . and other appliances. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Molding is usually made of plaster. This is more costly than regular overlay. and materials used. dishwashers. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. shelf arrangements. or linoleum) and the wall. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and lip. chamfers. which is a formed pressboard. doors and direction of door swings. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. The trim is usually glued into place. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. windows. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. This is usually done using a topset. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. coving. or decorative patterns. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. wood. other openings. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Hinges are concealed. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". casements. and types of finish materials used. doors. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. or a baseboard. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Molding is normally decorative in nature.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". flush overlay. tile. or MDF. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. It may have curves. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. and special equipment such as toilets.

Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add slope annotations. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Change the section head. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . and a section symbol on all plans. s Create an interior elevation. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. like an elevation.Sections and Elevations .Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Technology. This lesson relates to science. Once created. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. A section is a horizontal view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . engineering.

For example. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. elevation. or other section view. provided its crop region intersects the view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. the section symbol does not display in that plan view.

you can more closely control what displays in the section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view. By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view.

and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. So. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. In the example shown. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Add breaklines as needed. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Once you create the detail section. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. In a set of construction documents. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. such as anchor bolts and siding. s Add detail notes. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. s Add structural details. Details are crucial for effective construction. tracing over the existing elements. the slope of this roof is 2:12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units.

Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

2. Create a Section View 1. On the View tab. The completed exercise 6. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The file opens to a 3D view. 4. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Create panel. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The Section command is available from the View tab. 3. click Section. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the file ADA_Sections.rvt.

s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. With the section line selected. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 2. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. This is called the crop region. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The actual location is not critical. On the Properties palette. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. and it has control grips to resize it. Section Properties 1. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. 3. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.Sections and Elevations .

Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 5. In the Properties palette. 7. 6.rvt. 8. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.4. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Sections and Elevations s 313 . When you drew the section line. The section view updates. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. you automatically created a section view. In this exercise. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The view is listed in your Project Browser.

Select Section Head-Open. 5. 2.rfa. 4.rvt.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. On the Manage tab. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.No Arrow.1 point Filled. The view does not change.Sections and Elevations . 3. They include Section Head . Settings panel. On the Insert tab. Several section head families are available.Filled. For Name. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 6. In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. click Load Family. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Open to load the family. Section Head . 7. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. enter Open Arrow. and Section Head . Load from Library panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. click Duplicate. Click OK. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.

Select the section line. On the Properties palette.8.rvt. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Save as Unit8_section_open. 12. 11. click Edit Type. For Name. In this exercise. Click Duplicate. 9. enter Open Arrow. Sections and Elevations s 315 . you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. select Section Head . select Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field. For Section Head. 13. 14. Click OK.Open. The section head updates to the new head type. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 10.

316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. This is a building section. select the border of the callout. To reposition the callout head. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.rvt. 6. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 5. Create panel.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 4. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. On the View tab.Sections and Elevations . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Use the image below for guidance. 3. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. click Callout. 2. On the Options Bar.

Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Detail panel. 8. 4. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 317 . On the Annotate tab. 2. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. as shown. You can add detail lines. region patterns. but not strongly. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. click Region > Filled Region. On the Properties palette. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.7.rvt. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 1. detail components. Line is selected automatically. select Chain. On the Draw panel. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. 3.

click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. For Name.5.Sections and Elevations . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. On the Properties palette. enter Earth. Click OK. Select the upper and right side lines. 6. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Modify.

8. the filled region may appear as solid fill. On the Place Detail Component tab. 2. If you zoom in closer. 1. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Annotate tab. 9.Section. From the Fill Pattern list. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.rfa. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. On the Mode panel. Detail panel. select Finish (green check). Sections and Elevations s 319 . click Load Family. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click Open. Detail panel. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. the pattern becomes visible. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 3. Click OK. click Component > Detail Component.

Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Click OK. 5. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.4.Sections and Elevations . 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. From the Type Selector. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. In the Specify Types dialog box.

From the Type Selector list.6. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Move it after placement if necessary. 8. Using the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. 7. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.

This component represents the subflooring. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 12. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 10. Select the vertical plywood. Click Modify. select anchor bolt. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. From the Type Selector.9. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 11. set the Thickness to 3/4". Use the image below for guidance. Click Component > Detail Component. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

select Copy. select Lap Siding. Click Modify. On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance.13. select Multiple. On the Modify panel of the context tab. 14. From the Type Selector. Add another Detail Component. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Sections and Elevations s 323 .

Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab.Sections and Elevations . 2.15. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. click Detail Line. Add Detail Lines 1. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. select Wide Lines. Start at the end of the siding. 16. Save the file. From the Line Style Selector.

3. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 4. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 5. Zoom out. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click Edit in the Structure field. select the Material field in row 3.6. The wall display updates. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 7. Right-click.Sections and Elevations . Next. Add Insulation 1. 9. On the Annotate tab. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. identified as Wall material 1. 8. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Select the wall so it highlights. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 10. click Insulation. Click Modify. Save the file. 2. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Detail panel.

3. On the Annotate tab. select Break Line. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component.2. 1. Sections and Elevations s 327 . From the Type Selector. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Detail panel. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Your view should resemble the image shown.

The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Zoom to Fit. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.4. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. detail lines. and detail components to it. You place another breakline.Sections and Elevations . The view should resemble the image shown. To complete the detail. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Save the file. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. 5. In this exercise. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Place the breakline as shown. 6.

quantity. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 2.rvt. 3. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The border around the view will disappear.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). With nothing selected in the view. weatherproofing. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . s Clear Annotation Crop. and ventilation methods in construction documents. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. To add notes. or methods of installation. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The size of the object is listed first. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 1.

Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Text panel. As you pull your cursor to the right. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.4" WEATHERING. insulation. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 10.Sections and Elevations . 12. 5. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. R13. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. leader arrow as shown. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. click Two Segments. On the Annotate tab. click Text.4. Finally. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . From the Type list. Move the pointer up 11. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. On the Format panel. 8. 9. 7. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 6.

Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 5/8" GWB .TYPE X. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. . as the second line of text. Start the next text at the interior wall. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. CONT is short for Continuous. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. O. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 19.13. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 14. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. 20.C. 15.C.C. 16. 18. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Click off the text to finish the entry. 17.C. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.

Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 23. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Modify. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 21. In this exercise..Sections and Elevations .rvt. 22. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Click ENTER to start a second line. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.

4. 5. and locate the detail view on it. In the Project Browser.rvt. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Right-click. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. you will want to add the views to a sheet. 6. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. The new sheet becomes the current view. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 2. Click New Sheet. or elevation view. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click Open. highlight Sheets. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 333 . section. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Locate the A-Landscape. click Load. Highlight your title block.

9. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.7. 8. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. close to the crop border. In the Project Browser. click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Select a Level Line. click Show Crop Region. Drag it to the right.Sections and Elevations . Both Level ends will move together. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the control at its left end. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.

For Name. In this exercise. highlight the new sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. Right-click. you: s Created a new sheet. 12. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.rvt. 11. Click Zoom to Fit. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Added your detail section view to the sheet. enter S. enter Detail at Foundation Sill.301. Click OK. Click Rename. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. 13. In the Project Browser.10. For Number.

Right-click. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. and west. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Click the Annotations tab. 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. When you create a project with a template. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 4. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Select Elevations.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click Zoom to Fit. It is defined by the green dotted line. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).Sections and Elevations . s Add any necessary dimensions. 6. south. Click OK. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 2.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Open ADA_Elevations. 5. east. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 3. s Add slope indication for roof. s Add material notes. The elevation markers are now visible. four elevation views are included: north. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Set the display for building components as needed.

3. 4. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Next. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 5. clear Planting. On the Modelling tab. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. On the Annotations tab. Switch to an Elevation View 1. clear Sections. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.2. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the View Control Bar. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view.

338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the Material field for Layer 1. Select the wall.Exterior Stucco. In this exercise. 8.7. 11. modified its display. 12. click Edit Type. It will be identified as Condo . In Surface Pattern. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 10. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.rvt. Select Sand. In the Type Properties dialog box. 13.Sections and Elevations . 9. On the Properties palette. and modified the wall display characteristics. you activated an elevation view. Click Zoom to Fit. select Edit in the Structure field. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. click to open the list. Click the button that displays to select a material. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.

Add a note for the foundation. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. or methods of installation. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. In the Type Selector. The size of the object is listed first. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 5. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 2. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 4. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Sections and Elevations s 339 . quantity. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Add a note for the stone wall. Set the Leader type to One Segment.rvt. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 3.

9.6. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the brick wall. In this exercise. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. Add a note for the roof. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 7.

1. select Triangle. from the Slope Representation list. 3. For Offset from Reference. 6. 5. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Sections and Elevations s 341 . enter 1/8". You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. 4. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Annotate tab. On the Options Bar. click Spot Slope.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Click to select the roof line. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation.rvt. Dimension panel. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 2. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown.

Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Dimension panel. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.7. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Aligned. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 10. 9. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click to locate the slope indicator.Sections and Elevations . 11. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab.

The west elevation now contains material notes. and vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels. 14. and dimensions for clarity. slope indicators. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.12. In this exercise. To create a continuous dimension as shown. leaders. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 13.

A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. and cabinetry. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom.rvt. Right-click. In this exercise. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. special closets.Sections and Elevations . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Find Referring Views. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Project Browser. This view was already defined in the drawing. dimensions. 2. kitchens. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. 3. Click Open View. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Highlight the view. equipment rooms.

Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. 5. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Right-click. 7. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 6. On the Annotate tab. In the Name box. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. click OK. click Aligned. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Dimension panel. Clear Use Project Settings. s s s s Click Duplicate. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Select Suppress 0 Feet.4.

Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. In this exercise. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 10.rvt.9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. detail the interior section.Sections and Elevations . 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. You modified a dimension style. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

b. 2. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. is always the true orientation. it depends. Walls c. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Indicate the location of doors and windows. d. s Create slope annotations. Not in Concrete b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Show the relationships between elements. Either one. All of the above. such as north. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. Nobody in Charge d. General Questions 1. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Create filled regions. True b. s Create a section view. a. The direction the structure is facing. 4. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Not in Contract c. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create material annotations. Cabinetry d. False 3. b. All of the above 5. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a.

but not a 6. The detail level of the view.Sections and Elevations . The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Element properties c. North 3. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. b and c. Sun and Shadow b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The height of the view. Click Add View. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. False 2. False 5. d. b. True b. you use: a. c. Which elevation is it? a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 4. click Sheet Composition > View. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. West c. The dotted line indicates: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . b. South d. True b. a. The boundaries of the view. a. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. On the View tab. d. c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. East b. The Visual Style of the view. Right-click.

2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 4. Review Schedules. 3. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Load a schedule tag. s Export a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. 6.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

Engineering. such as reference number. technology. width. engineering. and thickness.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Some of these building objects include. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. about the building objects in your architectural plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. height. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. About Schedules s 351 . Technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project.

Schedules .Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. However. There are different types of schedule tables. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. depending on the style of the architectural firm. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. the same primary information is included. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Instance. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .

To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Like schedules. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). window. Other letters are P for plumbing. Using the software.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. The following image shows door. E for electrical. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. However. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols.Schedules . A circle. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. and A for appliances. hexagon. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.

Engineering. equipment. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. s Export a schedule. rooms. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Math (STEM). drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. s Add room tags.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. and you can create your own schedules. This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. s Create a room schedule. hardware. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Schedules s 355 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. windows. materials. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Project templates include preset schedules. Technology.

Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. and you set the schedule to display totals. 2. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.Schedules . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.

Level. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Schedules s 357 . Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. select Comments. and Width. 3. Click Add. Add Count. Select Windows from the list. 7. Type Mark. In Available Fields. On the View tab. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Height.s Window Tag 5. 6. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 4. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.

Move the fields so they display in the order shown.8. 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Click OK to finish the schedule. from left to right. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.Schedules .

Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 2. but without any useful calculations yet. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. From the Sort By list. 3.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. select Type Mark. Select Blank Line. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Schedules s 359 . On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 1.

To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. in the Then By sorting field. Notice how the schedule has changed. In the Project Browser. 1. in this case). click Edit. select Level. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 2. clear Itemize Every Instance. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. you can have the schedule report this. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. Rather than make a manual calculation. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 4.Schedules . The schedule still does not show totals by window type. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. click the schedule name.

In this exercise. select Footer. The totals for each window type now display. for Sorting/ Grouping. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. select Title. On the Properties palette. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. From the list. 6. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Schedules s 361 . s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Count. and Totals. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.5.rvt. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit 7.

based on the amount of space in each room. 3.Schedules . Room size. Open ADA_Room_Tags. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.rvt. Locate the file named Room Tag. click Overwrite the Existing Version. floor type. In this exercise. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Room & Area panel. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. On the Home tab. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. click Room > Room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Click Open. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. 5. ceiling type. 4. occupancy. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.

The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Room & Area panel. Click Modify to terminate the placement. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Schedules s 363 . and in the hall as shown. On the Home tab. 7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. click Room > Room Separation Line. 6. 8. a total of 7.In the Type Selector.

The area value for Room 7 updates.9. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Change the word Room to Manager. click Room. 10. An edit box activates. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 13. 11. The cursor changes to sketch mode. The room tag updates. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Modify.Schedules . 12. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Click the Room text. On the Room & Area panel. Select Room #2.

This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. 15.14. s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. On the Properties palette. for Name. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Added a room separation. s Tagged various objects.rvt. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Schedules s 365 . In this exercise.

The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 3. and Area to be included in your schedule. enter Square Footage Report. Create a Room Schedule 1. The completed exercise 5.rvt. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 2. Set the Sort By value to Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. select Number. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Click OK. 4. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.Schedules . In the Available Fields pane. Create panel. For Name.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Name. 6. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. On the View tab. Click Add--> after each selection.

Select Grand Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right. Schedules s 367 . s Select Calculate Totals. Select Title and Totals from the list. 10. Click OK. In the Format dialog box. s Click Field Format. 9. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Change the Heading to No. Highlight the Number field. Highlight the Area field. 8. s Set Units to Square Feet. Click the Formatting tab. clear Use Project Settings. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box.7.

11. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. you: s Created a room schedule.Schedules . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. 12.

You can then use this file in other applications. locate the file you created. Double-click it to open it. you export the room schedule to a text file. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 5. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Click OK. On the application menu. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Note the formatting that has been applied.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Browse to a directory to save your report.txt) file. 2. Click Save. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 6. The file is created. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Using your Windows Explorer. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1.rvt. Schedules s 369 . 3. 4.

8. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. In this exercise. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Close the text file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.

you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. a. False 4. c. a. Matrix d. s Export a schedule. Questions 1. s Reformat a schedule. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Instance 3. What is a schedule table? a. s Place a schedule tag. None of the above. Quantity c. A list of sheets used in a project. 2. d. True b. b. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Type b.

Schedules are created from the ____ tab. View tab c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Modify 2. To export a schedule. View c. a. CSV d. Annotate b. Annotate tab b. use the ____ . Manage tab 3. Home d. XLS c. Application menu d. TXT b.Schedules . a. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

3. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 5. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 2. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 4.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Place a camera. s Orient walls and windows. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Math (STEM). Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export a walkthrough. s Export a DWG file. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Play a walkthrough. and Language Arts. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Finally. s Export an FBX file. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. After completing this lesson. s Assign materials. The animation file can be played in any media player. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Apply shading to a view. or camera on a path. s Add planting components. Engineering. s Create and edit a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file.Visualization . you create a walkthrough.

A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. s Make a camera view the active view. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. s s 2. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. courseware datasets. To prepare your model for rendering. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects.rvt. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Open Unit2_custom_family. Assign materials. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. You worked on animations. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Click Zoom to Fit. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design.

5.3.Visualization . Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Select one of the exterior walls. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Stud. 6. The walls now display layers of materials. The wall display updates. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 4. Select any exterior wall. If you do not see any change in the wall display. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Right-click. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.

Select walls. Right-click. 8. Click Change wall's orientation.7. 10. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Open the Default 3D view. On the Properties palette. Select Site: Grass. Repeat the process for the windows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click OK. Visualization s 377 . Select the toposurface object. you can: s s s 9. In addition to using the control arrows. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.

FBX). Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export.11. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. On the application menu. click Import > Import. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you have completed this exercise. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Open 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. select Autodesk (*. Export the Model to FBX 1. Select the Roof. 2. 12. Click OK in any notices and warnings.rvt. 3. for Files of type. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. On the application menu.Visualization . Depending on your system resources. click Export > FBX. Save the file as Unit10_Export. and click Open.

Note the file location. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Depending on your system resources. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. 3. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. There is no way to update it from Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. If necessary. you have completed this exercise. Open or return to Revit. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1. click Next. On the application menu. Visualization s 379 . open Unit10_Export.rvt. Close the file without saving.4. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 2.

On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 9.max. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click File. Click Open. click Attach This File. Close the File Link Manager. Select two windows as shown. open Unit10_Export. click References > File Link Manager. On the application menu. 8. 7. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.4. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.rvt. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the file name. If necessary.Visualization . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Open or return to Revit. Open 3ds Max Design. 6. In the File Link Manager . Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 5.

Save the export file using the same name as before. In the dialog box. 12. 11. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before.10. 13. The windows have updated. On the application menu. Save the file. Open the 3D view. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Visualization s 381 . click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

The linked file updates. s Changed a material definition. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.14. s Close the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . s Oriented walls and windows. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 15. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. The windows have changed. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Open the File Link Manager. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open the Files tab. In this exercise. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design.

click Camera. On the View tab. If you place the camera too close to the model. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. as shown. Create panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and create a second rendering. 2. change materials. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model. Place a Camera 1. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Open Unit10_Export. In this exercise. you place a camera in a model. Open the Site view. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.rvt. generate a rendering. 3. Visualization s 383 .

On the View Control Bar. select Very Few Clouds. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 5. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera perspective view opens. If necessary. 7. 6. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. click Show Rendering Dialog.Visualization . Click Show Camera. 2. Return to the perspective view. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Right-click. Open the Site view again.4. Render Setup 1. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. The camera will be visible. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser.

Visualization s 385 . Enhance the Model 1. Open the Site view. and Lighting. 3. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Open view 3D View 1. s Click Render. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view.3. Accept the default settings for Quality. Output Settings. click Site Component.30' approximately as shown. Click Render. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 2. On the Massing & Site tab. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Model Site panel.

386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Edit in the Structure field. 6.Wood Shake. 4. On the Properties palette. 2. In the Save to Project dialog box. 5.Visualization . click Save to Project. Select an exterior wall. Select the roof. select Roofing . and you can now select elements for editing. On the Properties palette. In the Materials list.4. In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view. Change Materials 1. click Edit Type. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 3. In the Layer 1 Material field. 5. click Show the Model. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click OK. Revit places the image in its own view. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type.

10. Click Edit in the Structure field. Select the icon next to Masonry .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. Click the Render Appearance tab. 9. Click Replace. Visualization s 387 . 8.

s Edited materials in model components. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. click Render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. click Save to Project.rvt. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Generated and captured a render image. Click OK. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization .Brick Uniform Running Brown. 13.11. s Created a raytrace setup. In the Rendering dialog box. 15. 12. In this exercise. 16. s Placed site planting components in the model. The new image is placed in its own view. Select Masonry . Save the file as Unit10_render. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 14. s Generated and captured a second render image.

The camera and path can be edited. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Edit the camera and path. 2. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Create panel. Open Unit10_render. Each view. or walkthroughs. To place a key frame. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s Right-click. 4. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. and exported individually. 3. along the path can be viewed in different modes. click 3d View > Walkthrough. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Click Zoom to Fit. or frame. in a project model. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Click Zoom Out (2x). s On the View tab. Visualization s 389 . In this exercise. click to the left of the model as shown. s View the animation in a media player. rendered. s Right-click again.rvt.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open floor plan view Level 1.

Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. click Finish Walkthrough. click Edit Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 10. Select the direction control for the camera. 6.5. On the Modify | Cameras tab. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 9. 8. The Options Bar changes. The camera is located on the final key frame. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.Visualization . Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. Repeat for all the key frames. 11. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 7.

2. 13. If camera positions distort. Click Edit Walkthrough. Check the view in several key frames. 3. Click Open. select Path. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 391 . The path displays control dots at key frames. From the Controls list. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. On the Walkthrough panel. The camera is too close to the model to show it well.12. click Next Key Frame. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.

This may take a long time depending on your system resources. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. notice where you save the file. 4. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. click OK. Click Save.rvt. Click Play. In the Length/Format dialog box. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu. 2. 2. Revit generates the external AVI file. Click OK. File Name. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. 3. select a video compression method to hold down file size.Visualization . The walkthrough plays in the view window. Export the Walkthrough 1.Play the Walkthrough 1.

5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. such as shaded or rendering. Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. 6. Visualization s 393 . It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly.

In this exercise. If you have made changes to the building model. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the animation file in a media player. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . save the Revit Architecture file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Edited the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.7.

Flip Orientation d. s Export a DWG file. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Print to File b. True b. a. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export an FBX file. False Summary/Questions s 395 . True b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. View > Shading d. a. Align c. s Play a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. Split b. Questions 1. you use: a. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a walkthrough. s Place a camera. Export > FBX 3. s Add planting components. s Assign materials. a. Save As > FBX c. False 2. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. Demolish 2. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Evaluate Students. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. Lesson Plan 1.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 5. 4. beams. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 2. Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. you learn how to place structural columns. 3. beam systems. beams and braces. In the following exercises.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . and braces. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. For example. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. beams. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural .

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. and other building objects. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Knowing where structural members. especially columns.

After completing this lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. Place beam systems and braces. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Structural s 401 . you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Technology. Place columns and beams on grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Create column grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM).

The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. They come in types defined by size and shape. Structural columns can be steel. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.Structural . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. wood. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. spans without walls. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. click Column > Structural Column. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Open Deck Framing.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. As with columns. beams can be steel. In residential construction. 1. or reinforced concrete. On the View Control Bar. often mainly glass. Beams connect columns or walls. In this exercise. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Select a floor. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. On the Build panel of the Home tab. click Temporary Hide/Isolate .Hide Category. wood. or concrete. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. this is known as post and beam construction. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. 2.

click Depth. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 3A. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Repeat at grid intersections 2A. and 4B. In the Type Selector. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 8. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 5. Structural s 403 . select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4.4. On the Options Bar. On the View Control Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 7.

Click OK. and columns clearly. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click Hide In View > Element. rail.Structural . Open Plan View Deck Framing. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Place Beams 1.9. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Right-click. 2. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". In the Project Browser. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 11. 10. The columns are now hidden by the floors.

click Beam. In the Type Selector. select Chain. To place beams: Structural s 405 . 4. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10.3. Structure panel. 5. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Structure tab. On the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. s In the view window. Click.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 7. On the Properties palette. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 6. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . Click. Click.

s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. click Make Wall Bearing. On the Properties palette. Structural s 407 . If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 12. Click Modify. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Save the file as Deck Beams. In this exercise. Structure panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.rvt. as shown. Click on grid intersection B4. click Beam. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Click OK.8. 11. Click. 9.

Click the beam on Grid 1. s Place braces. distance. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Structure panel. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Open Plan View Deck Framing. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Open Deck Beams. click No.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. or number of beams in a bay. 4. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. click Sketch Beam System. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise 5. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Place Beam Systems 1. 2. click Beam System. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. 3. In this exercise.rvt. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. click Pick Supports.Structural . you: s Place beam systems. On the Structure tab.

as shown. On the Draw panel.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. 7. Draw a line on the face of the wall. click Line.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Trim as necessary. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. click Pick Supports.8. On the Properties palette. 10. 11. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Create Similar. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click Finish. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set Elevation to -0'-9". s s s On the Draw panel.6".2". On the Mode panel.Structural . click Line. On the Properties palette. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s 9. click Finish (green check).

On the View Control Bar. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a.Place Braces 1. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Click to place the elevation. 4. click Brace. 5. unlike regular elevations. On the View tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser. 3. On the Structure tab. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Structural s 411 . Create panel. 2. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Structure panel. It has an automatic work plane. as shown. Adjust the view crop region as shown. click Elevation > Framing Elevation.

6. Repeat the brace going right to left. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Click Modify.Structural . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 8. to start the brace. In the Type Selector. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the view window.

10. Structural s 413 .rvt. you: s Placed beam systems. 11. Save the file as Deck structure. s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. In this exercise.

click in the lower left to start a grid line. beams. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Structural . and section views. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The exact length is not critical. and walls. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. as shown. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. Datum panel. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. You can change a grid number at any time. In this exercise. elevation. Grid datasets. In plan views. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s s In the view window. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Pull the cursor straight up. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. but they can also be angular and radial. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. The numbering automatically increments. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. click Grid. The exact location is not critical.

Click to place a new grid line.3. Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . 4. The Grid tool is still active.

416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Click to start a grid line. s Select Grid Line 2. Press ENTER. Grid 3 is already the selection set. The new grid line will be number 3. Press ENTER. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Pull the cursor to the right. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. click Copy. click to place the grid line. close to the heads.5.Structural . 6. Enter A at the keyboard. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. 7. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". The new grid line is number 5. Repeat to create grid line 4. Pull the cursor to the left.

On the grid line. 9. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. 10. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Structural s 417 . Change the number to 2.1 is still selected. This completes the main grid. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 11.8. s Click to place the grid line. The Grid tool is still active.1. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. This grid line will be number B. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. s Select grid 2. s Click Copy. Grid 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. click the elbow control to place an offset.

Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 3. On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. click Pick. select Center-Ends Arc. enter 15. s s Click grid intersection D3. Create panel. Zoom to Fit.000 o . click Grid. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. s Click to start the grid line. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Click in the new grid bubble. On the Options Bar. set Offset to 15'-0". On the Home tab. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The Grid tool is still active. On the Options Bar. click Radius. In the Radius field. Press ENTER. Change the number to EE. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. 4.Structural . Click to place the grid head.

Select grid 3 to show its controls. Structural s 419 . Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Drag it down below the radial grids. 6. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. 7. Click to place grid FF. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3.5. You will need to identify it easily. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.

Structural .000. Enter 31 to change the name. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Select grid 3. 9.8. Revit will create grid 32. Zoom to Fit. s In this exercise. click Mirror . 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 31. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.rvt.Pick Axis. Press ENTER. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. 11. s 10. click Create Similar. Click to place the grid line. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.

The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Open ADA_Grids-complete. s Use a column grid to place beams. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structure panel. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. This is a steel column. s 3. s Add footings to columns. 2. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. you typically create a grid. As a result. In this exercise. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. In the Type Selector. s Change a grid layout. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structural s 421 .Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. click Column > Structural Column.

click At Grids. C and D. set Height to Level 3.Structural . If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. On the Multiple panel. 5. 4. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . B. 4. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 2.s s On the Options Bar. In the Multiple panel. A. click Finish. 6. 3.

and beams will move to the right. 4. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Zoom to Fit. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 2. Click Grid 1. 3. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Multiple panel. columns. The grid. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Finish. On the Multiple panel. Structural s 423 .Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Window-select all the grid lines. 5. click Beam. click On Grids.

On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left.Structural .Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Click Redo. click Finish. click Undo. 4. click No. Columns and beams will move to the right. window-select all the columns. click At Columns. 2. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Multiple panel. click Isolated. 6. On the Quick Access toolbar. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Open the Default 3D view. 3. On the Multiple panel. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 1.

5. The footing had been placed at Level 1. To change the size of the footing. 6. Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Click OK. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. s On the Properties palette. The footing changes size. Press ESC to clear the column selection. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. A warning displays. 7. Select the footing at the base of the extended column.

you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Save and close the file.8. s Added footings to columns. s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural .

Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.

using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural .

Beam d. s Place braces. Column b. True b. 2. Brace c. s Place beam systems. All of the above. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Add footings to columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Questions 1.

d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. When placing columns or beams. you: a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. d. 3. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Flip Orientation d. To create a beam system. c. 2. 5. Select the type of beam or column to place.Structural . Stretch b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A but not B. All of the above. you use: a. A and B. b. Pick points. you can: a. False 4. Select a beam type and define the system layout. If you relocate a grid line. b. Properties c. a. True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. True b. To change the height of a column. c.

Milwaukee. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. South Division High School.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Susan Harrington . Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Ltd.Executive Director. Inc. Randy Dymond. Poway.Director. Smith . Starkweather . CA Ronald A Williams. PE . Copyright s 431 .Instructor. WI Roger Dohm .org Project Lead the Way.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .iteaconnect.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Poway High School.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. International Technology Education Association www. Mathematics.Teacher.

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