Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

2

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

3

Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

4

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

5

6

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

s

7

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

8

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . midpoints) and relationships (vertical.When sketching walls. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles.

and 3D views. Other building elements such as doors. You can add building elements in plan. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. floors. roofs. elevation. stairs. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. windows. section. furniture.

If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown. the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.While components are being sketched.

Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence. all the windows obey their constraints.

Engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. technology. s Place a predefined Mass family. This lesson relates to science. engineering. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Describe the tools for placing building elements.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Constrain placement of objects. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. and Language Arts. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and curtain systems. Masses can be edited in many ways. such as distance requirements from roadways. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. owner. size. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. or masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. and then converted into building components such as floors. you can create in-place masses. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. quickly.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.Software Tools . or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. walls. roofs. There are mass families available to load into a project. A designer.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. walls. or within. masses. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.

18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools .

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotation includes text notes. s Recognize temporary dimensions. technology. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. tags. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. s Explain the use of dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Math (STEM). and math standards. legends. Technology. and Language Arts. and symbol heads.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.z) coordinate system.y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

technology.Software Tools . s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. and Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Work with tool buttons. Technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Open tabs on the ribbon. the Type Selector. s Open and use ribbon tabs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. This lesson relates to science.

The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. beams. Its position is fixed. windows. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. for instance. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. doors. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Display and Navigation s 31 .

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

columns. and foundations. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . and text. slabs. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. symbols. detailing. structural walls. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. trusses.

34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and parameters. materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.Software Tools . copy/paste. Context tabs display as you work. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and inquiry.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

and Close. Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

Legends. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.Software Tools . sheets. schedules. families. with four elevation markers visible. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Windows panel on the ribbon. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. sun settings. level of detail. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. cropping. visual style. A check mark indicates it is visible. shadow display. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. View Control Bar View scale.Software Tools . 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . rendering (in 3D views).The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. To change the scale of a view. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.

Hidden Line is the default. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded with Edges. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.Software Tools . Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. sun and shadow intensity. or by global location. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view.

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Once elements have been hidden. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

are available in the Properties palette for the active view.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. enabling you to select them.Software Tools . These controls.

To activate or open a view. Annotate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Massing & Site. Manage and Modify. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Structure. Nine tabs are available: Home. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Display and Navigation s 55 . Collaborate. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. View.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Insert. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools . 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Options Bar. Properties Palette. a context tab opens on the ribbon. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. When a context tab is active. showing options that you can select while you are working. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it. Display and Navigation s 57 .Context Tabs. If you select items in the view window. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.Software Tools . In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Click a file name to open that file. Export. Display and Navigation s 65 . Print. File Save. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. On the right is a list of recently opened files. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open. and Publish. The application menu contains file management controls. the application menu. New File. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

make the Home tab active. If you select the menu option. Display and Navigation s 67 . The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. 2. click OK in the dialog box that opens. On the ribbon. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. or click New > Project from the application menu.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. After you have examined each of them. The completed exercise 4. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Do this for other tabs. 3. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.

You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Close the file without saving. and then viewed. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 7. In this exercise. They disappear when you move the cursor away. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.5. you opened a project file. Select Cycle Through All. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. 6.Software Tools .

The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. doubleclick the view name.rvt. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Exercise 2. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. 2. In the Project Browser. Open quick_start_building_elements. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Display and Navigation s 69 .

all the walls. 7. Clear Walls and Doors. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click OK.3. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". On the Properties palette. 4. You are selecting everything visible. doors. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 6. 5.Software Tools . Click any interior wall. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . . 8. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. and windows highlight blue. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type.

In this exercise. 10. On the Properties palette. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click any door.9.rvt. examined the menus and toolbars. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . click Create panel > Create Similar. Place a door as shown. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 12. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. you opened a project file.

Technology.Software Tools . lines. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. floors). Component families include model objects (furniture.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. ceiling plan. building elements (walls. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and elevation views by default. templates. s Create a new in-place family. and 3D views using the View menu. s Load and place component families. drafting views. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . mechanical equipment). operating settings. You can create sections. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and views. Pan. Revit provides floor plan. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. either predefined or user-created. s Work with Revit families. annotations. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Math (STEM). schedules. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. System families include levels. In the exercises. display controls.

and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. engineering. technology.

First. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click the Annotation Categories tab. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Open Unit2_building_elements. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click Zoom to Fit. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The display changes. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Right-click. 2. Four elevation markers are visible. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . The completed exercise Visibility 1. Use your keyboard to enter VV. even a small one. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. VG also opens the dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. 3.Exercise: View Controls A building model.rvt. Click OK. There is no way to see everything in it. Rightclick in the view window. There is also a copy in the course datasets. is an extensive database. Clear the check mark next to Elevations.

Click and drag the cursor as shown. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. There are two parts to an elevation. 7. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Zoom to Fit. On the View Control Bar. In the Project Browser. Select the roof outline. so be sure to select them both. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click. Click Zoom In Region. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Enter ZF.4. 5. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click Open. Right-click. Select Detail Level: Medium. click Detail Level. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 6.

You simplify it into a Roof Plan. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Enter VH.8. doors and windows are not shown. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . change the Underlay value to None. Turn off visibility of the elevations. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. as before. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. View Properties 1. On the Properties palette. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 2. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.

Click OK. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. click Edit.0". Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. 4. enter Roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Right-click. the ridge is now visible. and where the cut plane sits.3. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click Rename. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Next to View Range. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. For Name.

click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Accept the location that activates. 4. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Still. Open Elevation view South. select Winter Solstice. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Set the time to 9:30 am. In the dialog box that opens. 3. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. In the Presets list. 5. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. under Solar Study. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Shadows On. select Shading with Edges.Graphic Display Options 1. 2.

Save the file as Unit2_views. 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update. In this exercise.

This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. lights. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and families in place. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. or institutional structures. Open Unit2_views. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. roofs. Doors. You add closet doors to interior walls. walls. floors. In Revit. railings. standard families. windows. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. and place Revit families. and furniture. and floors. commercial. you open an existing project file. such as levels. This exercise illustrates how you locate.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. On the Home tab. and use a Revit family to place a door. These components are called families and there are several different types.Software Tools . and so on. click Door. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors and windows are dependent on walls). is predefined within Revit. Doors are considered standard family entities.rvt. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. windows. 3. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. There are system families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. furniture). load. Build panel. and annotations are examples of standard families. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. furniture. s A system family. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. or stand-alone (for example. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Additionally.

5. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. On the Modify | Place Door tab. You click to place an instance of the door family. Project files have a file extension of *. and Annotation. The Door Insertion tool stays active.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Family files have a file extension of *. Accept the default size. Tag panel. 4. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. s s 6. Click the Doors folder. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Click Open. Furniture. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). As you move your cursor near any wall. If you highlight a door family. It has a number of different sizes defined.rvt. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click Open.rfa. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. Locate Double Panel 2. Working with Views and Objects s 81 .

82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Place two more instances of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.Software Tools . you located. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. simply click it. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. but not strongly. Place an instance of the door as shown. 9. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. loaded. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.rvt. 8.7. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.

The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. click Duplicate. Click OK. 3. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 2. Select the double door as shown. This door needs to be 48" wide. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. enter 48" x 80". The required width is not available. 5. For Name. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 4. and create an in-place family. modify a door family. Open Unit2_doors_walls. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.

is to create a component family in place. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). For Name. Click OK. 3. enter Hall Clock. 2. In the dialog box. 5. On the Properties palette. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Build panel. 4. On the Home tab. 1. click Component > Model In-Place.6. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. set the Extrusion End value to 6".Software Tools . select Generic Models. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK. The door updates. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations.

Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 13. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.6.4" as shown. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 7. 11. The family model updates. and placed a door family.0' 2". 8. 10. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .rvt. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. you located. loaded. as shown. 12.2". Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Click OK. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. On the Draw panel. 9. In this exercise. click Rectangle. You have created the base of the clock. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Revit will display . Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.

Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math. s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Change type properties of a family. c. s Adjust Visual Style Options. depending on the template selected. Go to View > View Name in the menu. d. False 5. s Change view properties. a. b. and Options Bar. context tabs. s Open different views. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. All content tools are located on the ribbon. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . load. 6. Turn on Shadows. d. Spin the model in 3D space. tab. True b. Views can be renamed.Software Tools . You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. True b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Either a or b. Right-click. Create a 3D perspective view. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. True b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 3. b. True b. Questions 1. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. 7. c. Zoom to the entire model. Each project has several predefined views. and click Open. b. s Change view displays. a. d. s Access. The tool shown is used to: a. False 2. s Create an in-place model family. False 4. and place a family from a library. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. c. To activate a view: a.

Parts d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. All of the above. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Rotate c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Standard b. Pan and Zoom b. a. etc. Multiview b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse.8. Project Browser d.) are called: a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. depending on settings 9. windows. A family created within a project is called ________________. In-Place d. a. Scroll d. Properties palette 10. Families 11. Blocks c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . System c. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Create labels. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. Lesson Plan 1. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 4. 6. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Duplicate and modify views. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 9.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create dimensions and text. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create a project template. s Set project units. 8. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 2. 3.

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. colors. defining the layers. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. colors.org. and so forth. Many cities and counties have their own rules. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.aia. and the settings that are preset within them. Explain why templates are used. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . should be used. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.org. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.aias.Standards and Building Codes . to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Math (STEM). Engineering. based on the AIA standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. and Language Arts. linetypes. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. linetypes. Visit the AIAS website at www. Visit the AIA website at www. After completing this lesson.

and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

A garage must be completely enclosed. a common area (such as a living room or family room).Standards and Building Codes . The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. For example. and so on. it must have at least one door. and so on. a garage. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. the number being its numerical value. A unit is a particular physical quantity. doors.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. otherwise it is considered a carport. defined and adopted by convention. one window. windows. and one closet. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. it cannot be called a bedroom. like mechanical drawing. If there is a fire. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a bathroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. If it lacks any of these components.

. and other materials. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. is 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. the construction industry still uses the English. its value is expressed in the unit meter. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. using imperial units.. However. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies.For example. Another method is to apply dual notation. In architectural drafting. or imperial. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. unit symbol m. units are applied to dimensions. such as room size and wall height. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. also known as the International System of Units. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. in the United States. is 169 m. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. unit symbol ft. Here h is the physical quantity. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. glass. Standards and Building Codes s 95 .

Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . one value representing another value.) 8. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Standards and Building Codes . Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. In Revit Architecture. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. and viewports. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. line weight and pattern. Each size is designated by a letter. every 1/8" would represent 1'. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).Scales are ratios.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.

elevators.01. notes Demolition. site plan. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.01. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. symbols. You create and position views. The integers go from 0 to 9. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. and then add a title block or other symbols. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. temporary Schedules Sections. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).a modified version of the AIA standard. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.

or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. For example. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Usually. fonts. and layer standards. drawing scales. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and other relevant information. The paper is oriented landscape. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Typically. the date drawn. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. that is. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. The column is divided into sections. annotation plot sizes.Standards and Building Codes . You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. followed by information on the building's owner. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The next space is for tracking revisions. the author of the drawing. so that the height is less than the width. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and so on. the HVAC company. the electrician. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper.

and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . dimension and text styles. layer settings.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. title blocks.

Math (STEM).Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. These can be used to build your model. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. windows. and walls. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Technology. dimension styles. views. Engineering. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts.Standards and Building Codes .

and math standards. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.

On the application menu. or store. apartments. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Condominiums. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Select a Template 1. 2. In the New Project dialog box. click Browse. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. you use templates as starting points. In Revit. 3. Open Revit to an empty project file.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. you create a new project file using a template. factory. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.Standards and Building Codes . click New > Project.

Settings s 103 . In this exercise. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. click Close to close this project without saving.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. 6.4. saving set up time. Click Open. Select the Residential-Default. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. you started a new project file using a standard template. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 5. On the application menu. Click OK.

In the Project Browser. open ADA__Settings. click Wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Pull the cursor to the right. the drawing setup options are preset. s Place the cursor over the left wall.rvt. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Build panel. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the courseware datasets folder. The Wall tool remains active. 2. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The file opens to a 3D view. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. In this exercise. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.Standards and Building Codes . Click to start a new wall. 3. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.

) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Settings s 105 . Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. click to start a new wall.) 6. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 7. Close the file without saving. Place the cursor over the left wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.4. and move the cursor right. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. In this exercise. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. 5. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Click Format for Length. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. s Set Unit symbol to m. 8.

click Aligned. enter Big Text. click Duplicate. Click OK. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. dimensions not only display. or insert components.rvt.Standards and Building Codes . For Name. Open ADA_Dimensions. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . By default. Dimension panel. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. there are two types of dimensions.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. In the Type Properties dialog box. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. On the Properties palette. On the Annotate tab. temporary and permanent. 4. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. but also control the size and location of objects. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. 1. create. click Edit Type. 2. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 3. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.

s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 6. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The Dimension tool is still active. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. left. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click to place. and bottom horizontal walls. s Click OK twice. Select the top. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Settings s 107 . s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Text Size to 3/16". 7.5.

created a new dimension style. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Click to place the dimension. upper. The Dimension tool stays active.8. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. 9. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. you opened an existing file.Standards and Building Codes . Note the differences between the two dimension styles.

In the Project Browser. These are annotations. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. 2. In the datasets folder. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Notice the door and window tags. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Settings s 109 . In order to do this. and the view window displays the new plan. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. There are no annotations visible. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Right-click. 3.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.

Model Categories tab. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Click Rename. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. In the Project Browser. Settings panel. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 8. 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 6. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Double-click to open it. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. select Floor Plan: Level 1.4. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields.Standards and Building Codes . You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. click Project Information. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. In the Project Browser. Click OK to update the display of this view. On the Manage tab. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Click OK. 9. 7.

You can also enter the address of your school. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click OK. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.) 3. click Edit. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 2. Rightclick. Enter the address as shown. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. highlight the title block displayed in the list. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click New Sheet. Settings s 111 . Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information.Add a Sheet 1. 2. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click OK. 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. In the Value column of Project Address.

In the Identity Data and Other sections.4. 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Next.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.Standards and Building Codes . Add a View to the Sheet 1. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Apply.

Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click in the view. You see the view at the end of your cursor.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Settings s 113 . 3. Click Activate View. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click. Select the new viewport. 2. Select Deactivate View.

Finish the move.5. deselect it. s Added a sheet. of the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Place the cursor 7. you: select it. s Placed a view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. 6. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The Scale updates in the title block.

Settings s 115 . Click Open. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Start Revit Architecture. click New > Titleblock. On the application menu.5. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. A copy of the 11 x 8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5 title block template opens. It opens to the Recent Files window. 4. This is one of the longer exercises.rft. Select A-11x8. 3.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 2.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

116

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

117

11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

118

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

Settings

s

119

6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

120

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

Settings

s

121

16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

122

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

Settings

s

123

you created a title block using a template file. 12. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. On the Quick Access toolbar. Add a label for Checked By.Landscape. 10. click Save to save the title block. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Save the title block as A . s Accept the Sample Value. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Accept the Sample Value. s Click Add. Right-click. 15. Accept the Sample Value. Click Zoom to Fit. click Close. On the application menu. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . select Drawn By. Add a label for Sheet Number. In this exercise.9. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Accept the Sample Value. 14.rfa. 13. 11. Your teacher may specify another location. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.Standards and Building Codes .

Click Open. Your title block is now displayed in the list. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. 4. you create a new project file. 3. In the Recent Files window. The title block appears in the graphics window. 2. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 5. Settings s 125 . A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Insert a Title Block 1. click New to create a new project using the default template. and then load a custom title block into your project.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Locate your title block. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. On the View tab. Highlight the title block and click OK.

Click OK. 2. On the Properties palette.Standards and Building Codes . Settings panel.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 3. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. you a created a new project file. enter your name. click Project Information. 6. Select the title block. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. enter Student Project Unit 3. 5. 4. Click OK. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Click OK.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. s For Drawn By. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. enter your instructor's name. Click Zoom to Fit. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. On the Manage tab. s For Checked By.

click New > Project. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. In this exercise. Click OK. you define the title block. On the application menu. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. angles. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. a dimension style.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. settings. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. select Project Template. in addition to predefined wall types. On the Insert tab. 1. and geometry from the template. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and the units for your custom template. 3. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. you create a new project file. 2. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. In the New Project dialog box. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. such as 3D and plan views. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. including how the rendered image looks. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. Create a Template In this exercise. and slope angle. s Families: Load in families you use most often. and then load them like families.

create a Dimension Style. click Duplicate. Next.Landscape. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click the Length field in the Format column.4. 10. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.Standards and Building Codes . You create a custom dimension style. 6. 8. Open the title block A .rfa. Click OK. For Name. 9. 7. enter 3/16" Verdana. Set the units for the template. Click OK twice. click Settings panel > Project Units. There will be no visible change. On the Manage tab. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". On the Annotate tab. 5. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Click Dimension panel > Aligned.11. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Rightclick. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. 15. Select the A . Settings s 129 . Click OK. Click New Sheet. select Sheets (All). Change the following settings as shown: 13. 14. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.

Save the file name as A-English template. You can use this template for future projects. 17. Click OK.rte. The title block updates. you created a new template file using a dimension style.16. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. In this exercise. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . and units that you defined. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. as well as dimension style and units. title block.

and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. abstract format. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .

and symbols used in drawing? a. NCSESA 2. UBC c. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. General Questions 1. s Create dimensions. 1:3 b. Using AIA Standards. Metric d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. False 3. A unit 4.05 c. a. 1:24 d. AIA b.Standards and Building Codes . s Change dimension colors. you learned to: s Set units in a file. P. s Create a template. An architect b. A. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. dimension styles. a. English c. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". True b. A particular physical quantity. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. 1:32 5.02 d. s Change lineweight.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . is defined as what? a. 1:12 c. s Create a text style. s Create labels. A. s Create a title block. s Create text. S. NCTM d. s Create a dimension style.02 b. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.

False Summary/Questions s 133 . Point offsets 3. False 4. True b. a. To create a new sheet. In Revit Architecture.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the scale of a view. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Application menu > Properties b. a. dimensions snap to: a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. By default. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Wall faces b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Wall centerlines c. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. False 6. True b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. you use: a. you click: a. Wall midpoints d. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. To set the units in a project. a.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 2.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Define a wall structure. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Align walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Trim and extend walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .

About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. List the different types of occupancy. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. separate. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. them. After completing this lesson.Walls . 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . their construction and materials. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. or filling in between. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and protect its interior spaces.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

About Walls

s

137

Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

138

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

About Walls

s

139

Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

140

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

About Walls

s

141

142

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

About Walls

s

143

For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

144

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

About Walls

s

145

Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

146

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

About Walls

s

147

Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

148

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Walls

s

149

Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

150

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Expand the Type Selector list. As you continue to move the cursor. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. It will not print. but it disappears when you begin another action. Click to set the endpoint.) Press ENTER to update the wall length.3. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. 4. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Clear the Chain option. a dashed line displays. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. 5. Stud. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Walls s 151 . Enter 10. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. an angular dimension displays. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. To modify a dimension. indicating wall length. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. the dimension updates incrementally. click it to open an edit field. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Select the Single Line option.Brick on Mtl. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . After you create the wall. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.

A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Depending on your zoom in the view. click the Detail Level icon. Click the wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration.6. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Press ENTER. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. enter 7. Click to start the next wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Create Similar. 7. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. 8. Set the Detail Level to Medium. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The wall does not show any internal detail. After setting the vertical wall's direction. On the View Control Bar. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector.Walls . signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Select panel. Create panel. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. click Modify to stop placing walls. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. the controls may sit on top of one another. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall.

Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. an alignment line displays. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Notice that two dimensions display. release the mouse button to set a new length.9. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Walls s 153 . Also. Select the right vertical wall. no matter where you move the cursor. Because you drew the wall from up to down. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click Modify. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. 10. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. notice how the wall joins at the corner.

On the Home tab.Walls . This is the same as clicking Modify. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Sketch the walls as shown. When using the Chain option. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. click Wall. 16. Repeat.11. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 13. Right-click. 12. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select Chain on the Options Bar. 14. Click Cancel. 15. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Build panel. Select the lower vertical wall.

you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. In this exercise. Click Modify. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 19.rvt. Click Create Similar again. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. After clicking the second end. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Walls s 155 . Click Zoom to Fit. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".18. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Clear the Chain option. 20. Select the Three Point Arc tool.

Split Walls 1. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Walls . This exercise illustrates how to split. 3. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. The cursor changes to a razor blade. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. align. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. you first split the walls at the intersections. 2. You now remove the upper right corner. Both split walls are shown below. trim. Only part of the wall highlights. fillet.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall.rvt from the previous exercise. and extend walls. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. To do this.

Modify panel. 2. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. On the Modify | Walls tab. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Create panel. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. On the Options Bar. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections).Fillet Walls 1. Click Fillet Arc. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Select any wall. click Undo and repeat the steps. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Create Similar. 4. Walls s 157 . You can also click the flip control. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 5. Enter 5'. select Radius. 3. click Delete. If you make a mistake. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building.

Walls .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. You align the wall in the next steps. 3. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. The Wall tool is still active. 1.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Place an interior wall as shown. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. select Basic Wall: Interior . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.

The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 .4. s On the Options Bar. such as location lines. Pull the cursor straight up. clear Chain. The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. The length is not critical.

6. Select the vertical wall as shown. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 2.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 3. The walls can cross. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This will extend to the border. This will be the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 4. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the two interior walls in turn. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The length is not critical. 5.Walls .

7.rvt. fillet. and trim. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. In this exercise.

satisfy different requirements. 1. 3.Walls . In the Project Browser. Select the Exterior wall as shown. click Edit Type.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and vary in cost. 2. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. On the Properties palette. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The Modify tool is active by default. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.

7. has a Function you can edit. s Click the number of Layer 3. 8. the wall structure should be as shown. s Click Down twice. s Select Finish 1 [4]. 5. s Click the arrow at the right. enter 8" Insulated Stud. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Click Up. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. For Name. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Add two additional layers to the wall.4. click Edit in the Structure value field. To edit the structure of the wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 6. Walls s 163 . The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Click Insert twice. Every layer of a wall. except Core Boundary. Click OK. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. When you are finished.

s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Exterior . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. select Finishes . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.9. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. Modify the Function. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 11.Stud Layer. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 10. s Set the Material to Finishes .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Set the Material to Wood . 13. Material. 12.Walls . s Click the icon that appears at the right. which displays plan or section views.

Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 16. In the Project Browser. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.14. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. expand the Families branch. On the Properties palette. Walls s 165 . Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 15. select Medium. 17. From the Detail level list. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings.

In this exercise. Close the file without saving. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Right-click 8" Exterior. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. From the Type Selector list. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 20. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 19.18. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You opened an existing file. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . defined a new wall structure. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.

so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. In this exercise. a structural mid-section. wood rails. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. 2. You can define a wall type with these elements. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. and a decorated interior surface. The model opens in a 3D view. 3. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above.rvt.Brick on Mtl. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. such as a weatherproof outside surface. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. for example.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Stud walls as shown. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Select one of the Exterior .

You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. To split a layer or region horizontally. If not already expanded. Wall structures are Type Properties. To define the structure of the wall. into regions. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. in the Structure value field. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 8. You can split regions into other regions. As indicated in the dialog box title. 6. 2. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. 7. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. so all instances of this type change.4. When you split a layer. click Edit. In this exercise. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Click Split Region.Walls . You can set the sample height to any value. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. or you will lose your changes. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You can assign different materials to regions. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 5. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. highlight one of the borders. To split a layer or region vertically. 1. either horizontally or vertically. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You change the type. the new regions assume the same material as the original.

Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. since both regions are composed of the same layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. assign Layer 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click to merge the two layers. Click to split the region into two parts. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. The upper split disappears. 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 4. 3. When you merge regions. Walls s 169 . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. In this case.Brick layer. Click to merge them. Click Merge Regions. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . 2.3. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. After merge.

Press ENTER. In the Edit dialog box. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 2. Click the temporary dimension text.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 2. 4. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 1. If you set the split offset down from the top.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line.Walls . The dimension text turns blue. 3. indicating that it is modifiable. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. After a region is split. 1. instead of down. Next. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Click again to return to the original position. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). to the next parallel line. Click Insert. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. s Select the split line. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. you assign the material Masonry Brick . vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 3. click Modify. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". To create a new wall layer. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Change the value to 12.

Click OK. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 7. Modify. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Split Region. In this exercise.Brick Soldier Course. 6. 9. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. it highlights in blue in the preview window. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course layer. It immediately highlights in blue. Click Assign Layers. and Insert Layer tools. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. because it is now the selected layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Walls s 171 . Change the Material to Masonry . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Merge Region. 10.4. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 8. as shown. When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK. All walls of this type have been changed. 5. The preview changes appearance. Close the file without saving. It also shows a thickness value.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.Walls . earth. and protected. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. piping. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. ducting. installed. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and insulation.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

s

173

Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

174

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

s

175

About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

176

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

s

177

Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

178

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

s

179

Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

180

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.Doors and Windows . Custom types and sizes can also be built. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. the view. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but also the natural lighting.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. and to protect property values. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.

Doors and Windows . The height can be no less than 24". ft. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . if there is no other escape route. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5.7 sq.

Doors and Windows s 187 . In this unit. engineering. and Language Arts. windows. how to load additional door and window families. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). technology. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. and copy these elements. and how to position. Engineering. you learn how to place doors and windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Components such as doors. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. s Center a door in a wall. move. s Copy windows. and furniture are defined in family files. Some families are loaded into each empty file.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.

This can be done in a plan view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. To reverse the swing. When placing doors in a plan view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. elevation view.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. In other words. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Build panel. To flip the door. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Doors 1. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. or 3D view. 2. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. click Door. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.Doors and Windows . On the Home tab. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. 3. the door swing would be to the left side. Once a door is placed.

and windows into project files.Load Families 1. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. The display does not change. In order to keep file size small. walls. With the Door command active.rfa. Select the door Double-Panel 2. except for the Type Selector. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Doors and Windows s 189 . click Load Family. 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Click Open. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. From the Type Selector list. Mode panel. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. 3. on the Modify | Place Door tab.

Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. If necessary. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 5. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.Doors and Windows . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".

or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. If you place a door in the wrong location. Remember. Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. To Doors and Windows s 191 . simply click it and enter the correct value. Place instances of single doors as shown.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.

rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .7. Save the file as Unit5_doors.

click Window. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. 2. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window after performing another operation. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Open Unit5_doors. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. approach the wall from the right side. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. the outside of the window is to the left side. When placing windows in a plan view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. or 3D view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Add Windows 1. click Modify and select the window. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can place windows in a plan view. On the Home tab. Build panel. To face the outside of the window to the other side.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. From the Type Selector.

3.Doors and Windows . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. placed doors. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. you opened an existing project. and placed windows. 4. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Place seven more windows as shown. loaded a door family.rvt. Window tags do not number in sequence. 5. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. You do not need to add dimensions. In this exercise.

s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. 1. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. and so on.rvt. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. 3. On the Annotate tab. s Align and modify walls. and modify the wall. you open an existing project file. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. 2. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. click Aligned. 4. place a door. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Dimension panel. window. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. You practice the following skills: s Place a door.

This means that if one wall shifts. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The walls are now aligned. Click the center of the door. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click the right wall. Notice the symbol. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click the lock icon to enable it. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 6.Doors and Windows . Align Walls 1.s s s s Click the left wall. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click it and it changes as shown. Select the upper wall first. the other wall will remain aligned. The door changes location. 5. 2. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.

Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Doors and Windows s 197 . 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Clear the EQ Display value. Right-click.4. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 3. The walls shift and remain aligned. Dimensions display below it.

Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you placed a continuous dimension.rvt.Doors and Windows . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 7.6. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.

Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 4. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise. Create panel. Doors and Windows s 199 .rvt. especially if there are many different types. 2. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 1. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. click Create Similar.

2. The window is copied. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window will change appearance. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the window you just placed. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 3. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. click Copy.Doors and Windows .Copy Windows 1. 4. On the Modify | Windows tab. Modify panel.

rvt. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6.5. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 201 .

flat glass is a recent invention.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.Doors and Windows . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. The stability of glass in response to wind. cold.

34" 4. you learned to: s Place doors. 32" d. Custom 3. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Copy a door or window. False 2. a. 40" d. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Place a window. 32" b. s Align a door or window. 36" c. a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 28" b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. General Questions 1. If a room is used for sleeping. True b. s Position a door or window. Standard b. 30" c.

Revit Architecture Questions 1. Copy 8. Load c. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Click Door Properties. a. a. 6. Load from Library b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. d. Click Flip Direction. Use door grips to reposition. Right-click. a. Duplicate d. Click Door Properties. Select the door. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. True b. Insert d. 4. Clone b. A reference plane b. you: a.Doors and Windows . False 5. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. a. d. Door and window tags are placed automatically. True b. b. Link c. To center a door or window in a wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Properties 3. False 2. c. Click Modify > Flip Direction. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To change the location of a door or window. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Select the door. you use ________. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. b. you use: a. Offset c. c. Select the door. Select the door. The center snap 7.

s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 6. (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . Review stairs and railings. 5. s Create railings. 2.

Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . After completing this lesson. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the different stair types.Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.

This lesson relates to technology. Engineering.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. About Stairs and Railings s 207 .

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Once the actual riser height is determined. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.

Stairs and Railings . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. such as ice and snow. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This saves space when changing direction.

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. When you click to establish the start point of stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. of certain horizontal depth or run.Stairs and Railings . This lesson relates to technology. You can define straight runs. U-shaped stairs. s Modify stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which includes elevators. Engineering. In multistory buildings. or tread. Technology. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. or vertical circulation. Math (STEM). and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. and stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and spiral stairs. For safety reasons. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. ramps. and Language Arts. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). s Add a railing. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. L-shaped runs with a landing. and math standards. As you move the cursor. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. You create stairs in a plan view.

you create stairs using a straight run. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Before you create the stairs.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise.rvt. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. This enables you to place the stairs properly. 3. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. From the courseware datasets folder. On the Properties palette. This file is in metric units.

4. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. These tools are used to define your stairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. you create a straight run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Circulation panel. In this case. Run is preselected. On the Home tab.Stairs and Railings . click Stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Select this intersection point to start your run. As you move the cursor up. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. If you have not fully created the run. 8. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. select Finish (green check). Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. On the Mode panel. and then click to define the run of stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. To change the run dimension.6. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. You can continue to move the cursor up. 10. Stairs and Railings s 219 . The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 9. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.

Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. and switched to a 3D view. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .11. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. To avoid overwriting the original file.Stairs and Railings . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. you created and placed a straight run stair. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.rvt. click application menu > Save As > Project. In this exercise. 13. 12. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.

click Align. Activate view Floor Plans. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Level 1. 2. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The stair is not centered on the landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. On the Modify tab.

If you have a scroll mouse. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.4. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. The Align command remains active.Stairs and Railings . 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Options Bar. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Click the center of the wall first. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Take time to make the selections correctly. from the Prefer list. which is located at the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the stairs. 5. You can rotate your model to get a better view.

9. In the Project Browser. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. expand Sections (Building Section). As you prehighlight them. click Edit Type. Select the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. enter Lobby Stairs. On the Properties palette. On the Properties palette. Hover the cursor over the railing. railings were created with the stairs. s Click Duplicate. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. and Dimensions subsections. Change Width to 1350. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. 8. Graphics.6. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. s Click OK. s For Name. 7.

Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.10.Cherry s s Click Modify. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Select both railings.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View.

s Select the stairs (not a railing). The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top.12. Mode panel. Stairs and Railings s 225 . and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Zoom in on the stairs. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. In the Type Selector. Next. 14. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Click it to select it. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 13. click Edit Sketch. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Delete this line. The stair changes to the run sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. The railings change. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project.

On the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . s On the Modify panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the arc boundary you just created. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Boundary. 16. 19. Click to place the arc. Click Modify. 18. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the second arc endpoint. 17. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .15. click the left end of the top riser.

Next.21. Click to exit the Mirror command. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. The left boundary will be mirrored. Click CenterEnds-Arc. the arc center point. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary. 20. click Riser. First. For the third point. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the right boundary. This will define a rounded first step. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.

Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. click Finish. On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you modified stair properties and boundaries. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23.rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results. You also modified the properties of a railing.22. In this exercise.

you need to define a path for the railing. Click Modify. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing. This is typically done in plan view. Select the right side railing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you add a railing to a second floor landing. 3. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Zoom into the landing area as shown. you sketch the plan view path. In this case. 2. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Therefore. For simple railings. s s Sketch a Railing 1. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools.

On the Draw panel. s s On the Options Bar. click Line. 5. Once the railing is selected. on the Modify | Railings tab. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. select Chain. The dimensions are shown as a guide.Stairs and Railings . 7. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .4. You do not need to add dimensions. Mode panel. click Edit Path. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. edit the temporary dimension. 6. To set the exact distance. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Then.

8. In this exercise. 9. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete your lines and try again.rvt.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. you used sketch tools to create a railing.

Work Plane panel. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between.Stairs and Railings . Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. you create a reference plane. s On the Home tab. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. s On the Options Bar. In this exercise. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. 2. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.rvt from the previous exercise. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. In a floor plan view. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. set the Offset value to 850. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Create a Reference Plane 1.

You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Pull the cursor straight up. Click OK. change the Width parameter to 900. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Matte 2. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . For Name. 4. To start sketching the run. Dark Gray. Click Edit Type. 5. 3. On the Properties palette. 6. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter Exit Stairs. click Stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Click OK twice. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Circulation panel. On the Home tab. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish.

8. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer to the right. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Press ENTER. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run. with none remaining to be created.Stairs and Railings .7. Click to place the first run. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. enter 1925. 9. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.

Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. you select Continue to return the sketch.10. If you get an error message. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. it is because you have overlapping lines. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Click Finish Stairs again. but they are hidden behind walls. 11. Stairs and Railings s 235 . On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the View Control bar. Use Hide/Isolate 1. 2. You want to inspect your stairs. To remove the lines. On the Stairs panel. click Finish Stairs. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Remove the additional lines.

you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Select the stairs so they highlight. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This is a multistory stair. 5. Reset the Display 1. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.Stairs and Railings . and to create a U-shaped stair. 6. In this exercise. On the View Control Bar.rvt. Zoom in to see your stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. On the Properties palette. Finally. 3. The exterior walls reappear. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 4. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. you learned to create a reference plane. 2. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The walls are now hidden.3. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click Zoom to Fit in the view.

escalators. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. ramps.

require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Include landings as required by your local building code. this openness makes them fire hazards. but they can also be highly decorative. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. and deliver riders without wait time. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They cost less. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. smoke guards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today.

False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. 40" 4. 90 degrees d. you learned to: s Create stairs. True b. s Create railings. False 2. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 45 degrees c. True b. 36" d. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 180 degrees 3. General Questions 1. and all treads should be the same run. a. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 30" b. 32" c. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 25 degrees b. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Modify stair boundaries.

Home b. Railings. Circle 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. risers and treads. Line b. risers b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Treads. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. False 6. Pick New Host b. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. a. Arc d. Boundary lines. riser lines c. Rectangle c. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. riser d. You can apply materials to different stair components. True b. Modify c. True b. Run.Stairs and Railings . Manage d. a. Insert 2. Attach Railing c. To create railings on stairs without railings. Fasten Railing 5. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. that is. risers 3. you use the _______ option. a. Align Railing d.

(Student) 3.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 4. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 7. s Place fascia.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 8. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Define a roof structure. Review of roof types. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 10. (Student) 5. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 11.

and downspouts. gutters. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Calculate the rise. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. run. It addresses roof construction.Roofs . or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. After completing this lesson. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. tiles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. Identify the different roof types. roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. This lesson relates to science. About Roofs s 243 . technology. and math standards. Technology. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. Engineering. engineering.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Sloped roofs. the roofing pattern. and sunlight. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. snow. texture. both low and steep. rot. About Roofs s 245 . Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. the roofing pattern. maintenance. and colors. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. are designed for shedding water and snow. as well as how effective a shelter it is. fire-resistant. durability. brands. and low maintenance roofing material. and if visible. and if visible. maintenance. and color. even grain and are naturally resistant to water.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. resulting in at least one textured face. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. and sun. You can use them for many different applications. resistance to wind and fire. They come in several types. durability. texture. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. resistance to wind and fire. These are used more often on upscale homes.

durable. and insulating capability (R-value). s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. This same roof on a clear. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. galvanized steel. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. special characteristics (for example. and so forth). s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. and require little maintenance. quality. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. Unfortunately. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. consider such factors as cost. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. galvanized steel. or corrugated structural glass. Therefore. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . treatment for insects. odor. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. zinc alloy. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. When choosing the insulation for your job. choose a type that will suit your needs.Roofs . fiberglass. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. They are fire-resistant.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. reinforced plastic.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The slope usually leads to interior drains. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. eave flashing.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. A number indicates the value of the rise. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . run. The run value is typically equal to 12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. and span. where as. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch.

7 to 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof.Roofs . try to specify standard roof pitch. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7-12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 on 12.

Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Assign roof structure and materials. To create a roof by face.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. often supporting a gutter. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Once you create a roof. or eaves. s Create a hip roof. dormers. snow. water. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Create a roof fascia. s Create various roof types. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. or ice. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. and fascia. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Place gutters. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. that convey rainwater to drains. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. or roof overhangs. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you can add gutters. Roofs s 255 . soffits. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you work with massing shapes and not building components.

Roofs . Math (STEM). Technology. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and math standards.

plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. To create an extruded roof.rvt. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. you create an extruded roof. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . and then extruded by applying a thickness value.. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. the top of the roof profile is sketched. 4. Click OK to continue. 2. Open ADA_Roofs. In the Work Plane dialog box. select the Name option. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.

4.Roofs .5. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. The section view should display as shown. 3. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Click Open View. click Ref Plane. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. In the Go To View dialog box. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. Drawing Reference Planes 1. s Use the image below for guidance. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. Draw panel. Before sketching the roof's profile. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 2. select Section: Section 1. 6. On the Work Plane panel.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using the image below for guidance. s Select the new dimension. Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click the EQ toggle. Using a positive offset value. s Click Modify. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. 5.6. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 4. On the Properties palette. 1. Click OK. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 5. 3. click Line. On the Mode panel. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. for Name. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 7. Right-click.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 2. click Finish (green check). click Chain.Roofs . enter Horizontal. 6. s On the Options Bar. you can label them. Click Modify. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

12" type. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8. Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9. Switch to a 3D view.

On the Modify tab. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Edit Geometry panel. 1.Roofs . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 3. 2.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. This is a two-step process. carefully select the far right roof edge. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Using the images for guidance. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Select both walls. This will join the wall tops to the roof. 2. On the Options Bar. To select both walls together. open the view Sections: Section 1. On the Modify Wall panel.4. Select the roof. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. In the Project Browser. 3. Trim Walls 1. Roofs s 263 . However. click Attach: Top/ Base. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. select Attach Wall: Top.

you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. The roof now looks correct. 5. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.Roofs .4. In this exercise. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.

The inner loops define openings in the roof. from existing walls. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 3. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. so you look straight down as in a plan. by Footprint. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Build panel. From the drop-down list. 4.rvt. On the Home tab. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Unit7_first_roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. a dialog box is displayed. Click Yes. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. select Garage Roof. 1. In this exercise. Because you are in a 3D view.

5. If you place a line on the wrong side. 8. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. Next. clear the Defines slope option. select the vertical wall on the left. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .0". Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.Roofs . 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Use the image below for guidance. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 6. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. click Defines Slope. s On Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.

2. Click Modify. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the left slope defining line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. The new roof displays. Other controls also display. It becomes an editable field. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. To complete the roof. That value displays next to the slope arrow.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. click Yes. 3. Select the right side roof line. click Finish. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Change this value to 6"/12". defining lines separately. 1. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Click the 9"/12" text. change the value to 6"/12". When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Roofs s 267 . By default.

5. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. In this exercise.Roofs .rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4.

On the Options Bar. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. you create a gable roof using a footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 3. Roofs s 269 . When all of the walls prehighlight. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. The file opens to a 3D view. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Build panel. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". To chain-select all of the walls. On Home tab. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2.rvt. click to select them. 4.

On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. click Rectangle. Using the image for guidance. Zoom into the chimney area.Roofs . 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Create a Roof Opening 1. As an alternate. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 2. 4. Right-click. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 3. verify the 0' 0" Offset.

On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. Click Finish. Select the uppermost. Click Modify. Roofs s 271 . select the Defines Slope.Add Slope Lines 1. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 2. select Defines Slope. 5. 6. horizontal line. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar. 4. click Yes. Select the left lower horizontal line. 3. The slope indicator displays.

8.7. In this exercise. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. attached walls.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. and chimney penetration.

Select Defines Slope. 3.rvt. Zoom into the area shown. Roofs s 273 . Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select the three walls shown in the image. Create the Roof 1. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. you create a hip roof. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. On the Options Bar. 5. set Overhang to 2' . 4.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise.0". The file should open to a 3D view. Build panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2.

Click OK. s On the Draw panel. 6. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .Roofs . Click Finish to complete the roof. s s Clear Defines Slope.0". Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. 3. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. you use the Line tool. Raise the Roof 1.7. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Right-click the ViewCube. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. click Line. In addition. To close the roof sketch.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

you created a hip roof using a footprint. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. In this exercise.rvt.Roofs .2. and then joined it to a wall.

Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise.rvt. 3. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 5. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". click Pick Walls. On the Draw panel. 7. Create a Shed Roof 1. Roofs s 277 . 2. click Line. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 4. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 6.

Roofs . 11. Right-click the line. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".8. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Select the lower. Click Modify. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 9. 10. On the Properties palette. 12. 13. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Slope to 6" / 12".

18. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.rvt. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. In this exercise. 17. Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint.14. Finish the Roof. Click OK. Switch to a 3D view. 15. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 16. click Yes.

3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 4. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 2. Open the Default 3D view. On the menu bar. Activate the view North Elevation. You see four levels defined in the model. Select the Roof. select Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Cutoff Level list. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. On the Properties palette. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.rvt. 5. The roof updates.

Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Roofs s 281 . On the Options Bar. click Pick Lines. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Switch to a 3D View. select Defines Slope.rvt. 13. 8. To set the slope for the new roof. In this exercise. Zoom and spin to see your model. Select the inner rectangle as shown. on the Properties palette. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 12. Finish the Roof. 11. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". 9.6. 10. On the Home tab. On the Draw panel. 7.

Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 2. The file should open to a 3D view. Select the main roof over the house. thereby reducing energy consumption.Roofs . 1. In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 3.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.rvt.

2. Select Layer 2 as shown. enter Clay Tile. Select the roof over the garage. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.Define a Roof Structure 1. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 4. 3. It is a generic roof type. s Click OK. click Edit Type. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. For Structure Value. For Name. click Duplicate. 5. Roofs s 283 . Click Insert to add a layer. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit.

7. The garage roof displays a pattern. 8. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". In this exercise. Click OK twice. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Click OK. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 6. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".s s s In the Materials dialog box. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . select Model.

to support a gutter.rfa. click Roof > Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. In the Open dialog box. 4. Roofs s 285 . open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. or for decoration. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. 2. On the Home tab. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Click Open.rvt. In this exercise. 3. On the Insert tab.

s Click OK to exit the dialog box. for Profile. Click OK. Set the Material value to Metal . For Name. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Matte. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Duplicate.Paint Finish Ivory.5.Roofs . 6. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.

rvt.8. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. In this exercise. Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. 9. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.

Click OK. On the Home tab. For Name. select Metal Aluminum. The completed exercise 4. click Edit Type. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.Roofs .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 5. you add gutters to a building. under Profile parameter. In the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. s Click Duplicate. click Roof > Gutter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Place Gutters In this exercise. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 2. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. The file should open to a 3D view. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 3. 6. Click OK. select Gutter . Under Material parameter.rvt. 1.Bevel: 5" x 5".

Segments will clean up at corners. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. If you click the interior face.7. 11. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. you attached gutters to a roof. Roofs s 289 . Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 8. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 9.rvt. 10. In this exercise.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. heat.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs .

m. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.

High d. None of the above 3. s Place fascia. False 2. General Questions 1. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . When referring to roof slope. a. True b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. Low b. Gable b. Shed 4. a. s Place gutters.Roofs . the run is always 12. Gambrel d. Hip c. Medium c. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. True b. s Define a roof structure. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles.

a. Activate Slope 9. lines c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Slope c. False 7. Defines Slope c. True b. face b. profile. Footprint b. extrusion. Extrusion d. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. DEL d. a. a. Turn slopes on or off. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. False 5. Add Slope b. b. a. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. c. Material 8. Sketch c. True b. Walls. Face 3. Walls d. Create an opening. Trim/Extend b. Roofs can be created using ______. extrusion. Footprint. Footprint b. True b. TAB b. ENTER 4. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. A compound roof contains layers. Change the direction of the roof. 10. you use: a. Footprint. ______ or _______. a. SHIFT c. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. place a check mark next to: a. a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Create Slope d. Expand/Contract 6. To add a slope to a roofline. pick d. Cut/Lengthen c. d. profile 2. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. sketch. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Change the direction of the slope. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Sketch.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Lesson Plan 1. s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. s Create slope annotations. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5.

Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. In a commercial structure. and special equipment. In a residential building. Sections are used to examine the roof. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. floor. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. the kitchen. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the location of special equipment. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and tool racks. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . bathrooms. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. After completing this lesson. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. cabinetry. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. engineering. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Math (STEM). technology. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering.

Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. framing. and are properly cross-referenced. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).Sections and Elevations . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. on the long axis of the building.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. and foundation plans. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. t Cross or transverse sections. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. across its narrower dimension.

full. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

such as doors and windows. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. For larger elevations. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.Sections and Elevations . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s The position relationship between different elements. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.

Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. however. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. shadows. You may. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. For siding. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. this is reversed. cars. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. With interior elevations. people. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Therefore. For example. the titles assigned (North. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. quantity. bushes. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. and then the name of the material. followed by any additional information about spacing. Unnecessary Information Shades." Mfr. and so forth. The size of the object is listed first. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. For a wood structure. East. South. or methods of installation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north.

View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". and other appliances. doors and direction of door swings. This is more costly than regular overlay. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. windows. and materials used. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. The trim is usually glued into place. or a baseboard. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. tile. and lip. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and types of finish materials used. chamfers. doors. This is usually done using a topset. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". It may have curves. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. dishwashers. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Molding is normally decorative in nature. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. wood. flush overlay. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. casements. or decorative patterns. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. other openings. coving. or MDF. shelf arrangements. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Hinges are concealed. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. or linoleum) and the wall. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. and special equipment such as toilets. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling.Sections and Elevations . Molding is usually made of plaster. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. which is a formed pressboard. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall.

Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. which you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Create and add notes to a detail section. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Place a section view on a sheet. s Change the section head. s Add slope annotations. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet.

This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. and math standards. Technology. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . technology. engineering. Once created. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). A section is a horizontal view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. like an elevation.Sections and Elevations . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Engineering.

select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. elevation. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. provided its crop region intersects the view. or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. For example. Sections and Elevations s 307 .Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane.

the section does not display in the elevation view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it includes a crop region to resize the view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.Sections and Elevations . By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.

The slope is the ratio rise:run. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. In a set of construction documents. Once you create the detail section. s Add structural details. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . So. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Add breaklines as needed. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the slope of this roof is 2:12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Details are crucial for effective construction. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. s Add detail notes. tracing over the existing elements. In the example shown. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. such as anchor bolts and siding.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Slope is also referred to as pitch. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need.

Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.

Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.rvt. 4. 2. click Section. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The completed exercise 6. The Section command is available from the View tab. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. On the View tab. Open the file ADA_Sections. Create panel. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 3. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.

2. and it has control grips to resize it. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. On the Properties palette. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The actual location is not critical.Sections and Elevations . s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Section Properties 1. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. 3. This is called the crop region. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. With the section line selected.

The view is listed in your Project Browser. you automatically created a section view. 5. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. When you drew the section line. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.4. In this exercise. In the Properties palette. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Clear Crop Region Visible. The section view updates. 7. 8. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.rvt. 6.

Click OK. 3. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.rfa.No Arrow. 2. enter Open Arrow. 4. On the Manage tab. Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 6. 7. click Duplicate. and Section Head . click Load Family. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Filled. Several section head families are available. On the Insert tab. The view does not change. Settings panel. For Name. Load from Library panel. 5. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt. Click Open to load the family. They include Section Head . Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise.1 point Filled. Select Section Head-Open.

Click OK. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. select Section Head .Open. Click Duplicate. 12. 11. In this exercise. The section head updates to the new head type. Select the section line. 10. select Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field. click Edit Type. Click OK. Sections and Elevations s 315 . For Section Head.rvt. Save as Unit8_section_open. 9. 13. On the Properties palette.8. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. enter Open Arrow. For Name. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 14.

set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 6. On the View tab. 3. To reposition the callout head.Sections and Elevations . 4. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 5. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 2. On the Options Bar. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Create panel. Use the image below for guidance. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. This is a building section. click Callout.rvt. select the border of the callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.

On the Draw panel. 4. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. detail components. You can add detail lines. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 1. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 8. as shown. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Detail panel. 3. but not strongly. On the Properties palette. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Annotate tab. click Region > Filled Region. region patterns. Sections and Elevations s 317 . On the Options Bar.7. 2. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it.rvt. select Chain. Line is selected automatically.

Click Modify. 7. For Name. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. 6. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. Click OK. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.5. enter Earth. Select the upper and right side lines.

which are visible only in the view where they are placed. On the Place Detail Component tab. Click OK.8. click Component > Detail Component. Select Nominal Cut Lumber .rfa. Detail panel. select Finish (green check). On the Mode panel. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the pattern becomes visible. Click Open. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 3. From the Fill Pattern list. 1. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 2.Section. 9. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. On the Annotate tab. If you zoom in closer. Detail panel. click Load Family. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.

4. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 5. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

add a second copy of the 2 x 10. 7. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. From the Type Selector list. select Plywood. Move it after placement if necessary. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.6. Using the image below for guidance. 8. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector.

9. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Component > Detail Component. This component represents the subflooring. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. select anchor bolt. Place the component similarly to the image below. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 12. 11. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. set the Thickness to 3/4". Use the image below for guidance. 10. The exact vertical placement is not critical.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the vertical plywood.

select Copy.13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Add another Detail Component. On the Options Bar. 14. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Multiple. Use the image below for guidance. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Click Modify. select Lap Siding.

Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations .15. Save the file. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Add Detail Lines 1. On the Annotate tab. Start at the end of the siding. Detail panel. From the Line Style Selector. 2. click Detail Line. 16. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 4. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 5.3. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out.

Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Save the file. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. 2. identified as Wall material 1. 8. Select the wall so it highlights. Click Edit in the Structure field. 10. you show the gypsum board in the wall. click Insulation. Add Insulation 1. 9. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. select the Material field in row 3. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Right-click. 7.6. Click Modify. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. The wall display updates. Next. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Detail panel. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Your view should resemble the image shown. click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 327 . On the Annotate tab. 1. select Break Line. Detail panel. 3. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.2. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.

6. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. To complete the detail. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Zoom to Fit. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. and detail components to it. The Detail Component tool is still active.Sections and Elevations . Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 5. 7. In this exercise. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.4. You place another breakline. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the breakline as shown. The view should resemble the image shown. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. detail lines.

The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. To add notes.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). weatherproofing. 3. With nothing selected in the view. 2. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. s Clear Annotation Crop. The size of the object is listed first. quantity. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. or methods of installation.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 1. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The border around the view will disappear. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 .

12. As you pull your cursor to the right. 5. 10. insulation. R13. click Text. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 8. 7. leader arrow as shown.4" WEATHERING. From the Type list. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 9. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 6.Sections and Elevations . Move the pointer up 11. click Two Segments. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Text panel. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. On the Annotate tab. Finally. On the Format panel.4. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.

14.C.TYPE X. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. . Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. 20. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 5/8" GWB . 15. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 19. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 18. is an acronym for On Center.. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. 17. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. O. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together..C.13. 16. as the second line of text. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Click off the text to finish the entry.C. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.C. CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the baseboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 .

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Click ENTER to start a second line. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 22. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt.. Click Modify. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 21.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 23.

rfa title block you created in Unit 3. and locate the detail view on it.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click Open. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 6. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click New Sheet. 5. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Right-click. click Load. 3. Locate the A-Landscape. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. you will want to add the views to a sheet. or elevation view.rvt. In the Project Browser. 2. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. The new sheet becomes the current view. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 4. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Highlight your title block. In this exercise. section. highlight Sheets.

You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 9. Select a Level Line. In the Project Browser. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown.Sections and Elevations . 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. close to the crop border. Click the control at its left end. 8.7. Drag it to the right.

Click Zoom to Fit. For Number.301. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Click OK. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. enter S. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. you: s Created a new sheet.rvt. 12.10. Click Rename. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Right-click. For Name. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In the Project Browser. 13. 11. highlight the new sheet.

Right-click. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 5. Click OK. 4. s Add any necessary dimensions. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. east. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Select Elevations. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). When you create a project with a template. The elevation markers are now visible. 2. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. and west. s Add material notes. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click the Annotations tab. It is defined by the green dotted line. s Add slope indication for roof. Click Zoom to Fit. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 2.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 6. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. south.Sections and Elevations . four elevation views are included: north. Open ADA_Elevations. s Set the display for building components as needed. 3. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.

Next. On the Annotations tab. clear Planting. 5. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Modelling tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 4. Enable the visibility of Levels 6.2. On the View Control Bar. Click OK to exit the dialog box. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 3. clear Sections. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view.

9. modified its display. Click the button that displays to select a material. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Edit in the Structure field.Sections and Elevations . Select Sand. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. It will be identified as Condo . click Edit Type. In Surface Pattern. Click Zoom to Fit. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 13. you activated an elevation view. On the Properties palette. 8. and modified the wall display characteristics. click to open the list.7. 11. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 12. Select the wall. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.Exterior Stucco.rvt. 10.

Set the Leader type to One Segment.rvt. Enter TX. 3. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. quantity.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 4. In the Type Selector. 5. Add a note for the stone wall. 2. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Add a note for the foundation. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Sections and Elevations s 339 . set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. The size of the object is listed first. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. or methods of installation.

In this exercise. Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 7.6. Add a note for the roof.rvt. 9. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

6. 1. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 2. For Offset from Reference. Dimension panel. 5. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Annotate tab. select Triangle. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. 4. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. enter 1/8". click Spot Slope. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. from the Slope Representation list. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Click to select the roof line.

Click Modify. 9.7.Sections and Elevations . 10. Dimension panel. 11. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to select the roof line. click Aligned. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.

Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. and dimensions for clarity. 14. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 13. In this exercise.rvt. The west elevation now contains material notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. and vertical dimensions. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. slope indicators. leaders. select wall breaks and levels. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Arrange notes. To create a continuous dimension as shown.12.

or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. 2. dimensions. Click Open View. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Right-click. In the Project Browser. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. equipment rooms. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. In this exercise. This view was already defined in the drawing. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. 3. Highlight the view. kitchens.rvt. special closets.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.Sections and Elevations . and cabinetry. Click Find Referring Views.

s s s s Click Duplicate. Dimension panel. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. 6. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Sections and Elevations s 345 .4. 7. click Aligned. Clear Use Project Settings. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Select Suppress 0 Feet. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. On the Annotate tab. Click the value field for Units Format 8. In the Name box. Right-click. click OK. 5.

Sections and Elevations . 10. Using the Text and Dimension tools.9. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.rvt. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail the interior section. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. You modified a dimension style. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. In this exercise.

s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. c. s Create material annotations. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Cabinetry d. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Show the relationships between elements. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create slope annotations. d. The direction the viewer is facing. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The direction the structure is facing. All of the above. 2. Nobody in Charge d. Either one. 4. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. False 3. a. s Create a section view. True b. c. such as north. Not in Contract c. General Questions 1. is always the true orientation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Walls c. b. Not in Concrete b. s Create filled regions. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The orientation of the exterior elevation. it depends. All of the above 5. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit.

Click Add View. On the View tab. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Sun and Shadow b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. d. The detail level of the view. c. East b. False 2. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. b. The Visual Style of the view. click Sheet Composition > View. a. True b. The height of the view. b. but not a 6. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. South d. d. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The dotted line indicates: a. Which elevation is it? a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. North 3. False 5. 4. a. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. b and c. West c. c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. you use: a.Sections and Elevations . The boundaries of the view. Element properties c. Right-click.

you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 2.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 5. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. 3. s Reformat a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Export a schedule. Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. After completing this lesson.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

width. and math standards. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Math (STEM). and thickness. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. technology. This lesson relates to science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Technology. Engineering. Some of these building objects include. About Schedules s 351 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. such as reference number. and Language Arts. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. height. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . depending on the style of the architectural firm.Schedules . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. the same primary information is included. However.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. There are different types of schedule tables. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Instance. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

these tags can be placed automatically or manually.Schedules . However. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. E for electrical. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Like schedules. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. A circle. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. and A for appliances. Using the software. window. The following image shows door. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. hexagon. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Other letters are P for plumbing.

equipment. windows. materials. s Add room tags. rooms. hardware. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. engineering. Engineering. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedules s 355 . s Create a room schedule. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. s Export a schedule. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. This lesson relates to science. Technology. technology.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Schedules list items such as doors. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and you can create your own schedules. Project templates include preset schedules.

2. and you set the schedule to display totals. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.rvt. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Schedules . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Window_Schedules.

Click Add. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. On the View tab. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Level.s Window Tag 5. Select Windows from the list. Add Count. 3. In Available Fields. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Continue to add fields to the schedule. 7. and Width. 4. Height. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. select Comments. Schedules s 357 . 6. Type Mark. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed.

Select the fields.Schedules . Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Click OK to finish the schedule. 9. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .8. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.

On the Properties palette for the schedule view. select Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. 2. Schedules s 359 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3. 1. From the Sort By list. Select Blank Line.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. but without any useful calculations yet.

1. for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In the Project Browser. click the schedule name. Rather than make a manual calculation. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.Schedules . select Level. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. On the Properties palette. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 3. in the Then By sorting field. 2. in this case).Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The schedule still does not show totals by window type. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Notice how the schedule has changed. In order to calculate the total number of windows. clear Itemize Every Instance. 4. click Edit. you can have the schedule report this.

s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Count. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. s Set the schedule to display category totals. Schedules s 361 . and Totals.5.rvt. On the Properties palette. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In this exercise. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. select Footer. From the list. click Edit 7. for Sorting/ Grouping. The totals for each window type now display. 6. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. select Title.

Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways.Schedules . based on the amount of space in each room. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Overwrite the Existing Version. Click Open. click Room > Room. occupancy. 4. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. floor type. 3. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. ceiling type. On the Home tab.rvt. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Locate the file named Room Tag. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Room & Area panel. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Room size. 5. In this exercise. 2.

In the Type Selector. Room & Area panel. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown. 6. a total of 7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. click Room > Room Separation Line. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. 8. 7. Schedules s 363 . Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor.

10. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 11. On the Room & Area panel.Schedules . 13. 12. Select Room #2. click Room. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Click Modify. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The room tag updates. An edit box activates. s Click the Room text. s Change the word Room to Manager.9. The area value for Room 7 updates.

s Added a room separation. s Tagged various objects.14. s Changed room tag field values. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. On the Properties palette. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. for Name. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. you: s Loaded a room tag. 15.rvt. Schedules s 365 . In this exercise. enter Sales.

Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. enter Square Footage Report. On the View tab. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. For Name.Schedules . Name. and Area to be included in your schedule. 3. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 2. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Create a Room Schedule 1. The completed exercise 5. Click Add--> after each selection. Set the Sort By value to Number. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 6. 4. In the Available Fields pane. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Create panel. select Number. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.rvt. Click OK.

s Set Alignment to Right. Click OK. In the Format dialog box. Highlight the Area field. s Click Field Format.7. s Select Calculate Totals. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Number field. 8. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Select Grand Totals. 9. Select Title and Totals from the list. clear Use Project Settings. 10. Change the Heading to No.

368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .11. s Totaled one of the columns. you: s Created a room schedule. Click OK to exit the dialog box. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. 12.Schedules . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise.rvt.

Note the formatting that has been applied. 2. 3. Click Save. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. The file is created. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. Double-click it to open it. locate the file you created. You can then use this file in other applications. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. On the application menu. you export the room schedule to a text file. Using your Windows Explorer. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 6. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.rvt. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 5. 4.txt) file. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Schedules s 369 . Browse to a directory to save your report.

In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 8. Close the text file. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.7.Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.

s Place a schedule tag. False 4. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Matrix d. b. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. s Reformat a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. None of the above. A list of sheets used in a project. c. True b. Type b. Quantity c. 2. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Instance 3. False Summary/Questions s 371 . True b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Questions 1. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. d. you learned to: s Create a schedule. a. a. s Export a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. What is a schedule table? a.

Modify 2. a. View tab c. CSV d. XLS c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To export a schedule. Home d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. TXT b. View c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Annotate tab b. Manage tab 3. use the ____ . a. Application menu d. Annotate b.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Schedules .

The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Review Visualization. Lesson Plan 1. 5. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 2. 3. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Evaluate Students.

Visualization . s Play a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Assign materials.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Export a DWG file. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and Language Arts. or camera on a path. s Create a raytrace rendering. Finally. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Place a camera. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Add planting components. After completing this lesson. you create a walkthrough. Technology. s Orient walls and windows. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Apply shading to a view. Math (STEM). s Create and edit a walkthrough. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Export an FBX file.

which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. s s 2. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Open Unit2_custom_family. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. courseware datasets. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Assign materials. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.rvt. To prepare your model for rendering. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. You worked on animations. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Click Zoom to Fit. s Make a camera view the active view.

If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select one of the exterior walls. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .3. The wall display updates. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 6. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 4. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.Visualization . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 5. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select any exterior wall. The walls now display layers of materials. Right-click. Stud.

Select Site: Grass. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Visualization s 377 . 10. Click Change wall's orientation. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. In addition to using the control arrows. Right-click. 8. On the Properties palette. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Click OK.7. Repeat the process for the windows. you can: s s s 9. Open the Default 3D view. Select walls. Select the toposurface object.

Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. 12. 3. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. you have completed this exercise. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the file name.11. Export the Model to FBX 1.rvt. On the application menu. Note the file location. click Import > Import. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. and click Open. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Depending on your system resources. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. This will filter the file list. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. 2.FBX). Open 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. Save the file as Unit10_Export. On the application menu.Visualization . Select the Roof. for Files of type.

4. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Visualization s 379 . you have completed this exercise. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. On the application menu. Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 3. Depending on your system resources. Close the file without saving. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Open or return to Revit. click Next. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. There is no way to update it from Revit. 2. If necessary.rvt. Export the Model to DWG 1.

4. Open or return to Revit. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.Visualization . Select two windows as shown. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. In the File Link Manager . 7.max. click File. 9. 6. Close the File Link Manager. Click Open. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Select the file name. open Unit10_Export. Open 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. click References > File Link Manager. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.rvt. If necessary. 5. 8. On the application menu.

click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the file. 12. In the dialog box. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72".10. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 11. Open the 3D view. Visualization s 381 . The windows have updated. 13. Save the export file using the same name as before.

s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. 15. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Changed a material definition. Open the File Link Manager. s Click Reload. Open the Files tab. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. The linked file updates. In this exercise. s Oriented walls and windows. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.14. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.Visualization . s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. The windows have changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Close the File Link Manager. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.

The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. change materials. and create a second rendering. Open Unit10_Export. 3. click Camera. If you place the camera too close to the model. In this exercise. Create panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. Visualization s 383 . you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. 2.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. as shown. generate a rendering. you place a camera in a model. On the View tab. Open the Site view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Place a Camera 1. add plantings to the model.

The camera perspective view opens. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. The camera will be visible. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. s s s s Open a floor plan view. select Very Few Clouds. Right-click. click Show Rendering Dialog. On the View Control Bar.4. If necessary. 7. Render Setup 1. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Open the Site view again. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.Visualization . Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 6. Return to the perspective view. 2. Click Show Camera. 5. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

s Click Render to create a new rendered image. click Site Component. 3. Open the Site view. 2. Click Render. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . On the Massing & Site tab. Open view 3D View 1. and Lighting. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Click Render. Model Site panel. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary.30' approximately as shown.3. Output Settings. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Accept the default settings for Quality. Visualization s 385 . Enhance the Model 1.

click Show the Model. In the Materials list. Revit places the image in its own view. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select an exterior wall. click OK. In the Layer 1 Material field. Change Materials 1. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. and you can now select elements for editing. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. Click Edit in the Structure field. 5. On the Properties palette. select Roofing . In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view. Select the roof. 3. 6. 5. 4. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.4. 2. In the Save to Project dialog box. click Save to Project.Wood Shake.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type.

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.10. 8. Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Edit in the Structure field. 7. 9. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry .

The new image is placed in its own view. 13. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Created a raytrace setup. click Render. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .11. Save the file as Unit10_render. 16. s Generated and captured a render image. In this exercise.Brick Uniform Running Brown. In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. Select Masonry . s Generated and captured a second render image. 14. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Click OK. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 15. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model. click Save to Project.rvt. 12.

2. 3. To place a key frame. Visualization s 389 . A walkthrough places a camera on a path. s Edit the camera and path. s View the animation in a media player. Click Zoom to Fit. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. The cursor changes to a crosshair.rvt. Open Unit10_render. Open floor plan view Level 1. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The camera and path can be edited. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. click 3d View > Walkthrough. rendered. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. and exported individually. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s On the View tab. In this exercise. click to the left of the model as shown. s Right-click.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. or walkthroughs. s Right-click again. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Each view. in a project model. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Create panel. Click Zoom Out (2x). 4. or frame.

9.5. Select the direction control for the camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. 11. click Edit Walkthrough. 6. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 8. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 10. Repeat for all the key frames. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Finish Walkthrough. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. The camera is located on the final key frame.Visualization . 7. The Options Bar changes. Drag it to the left. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

2. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. click Next Key Frame. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Open. Check the view in several key frames. Click Edit Walkthrough. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 13. 3. On the Walkthrough panel. From the Controls list. Visualization s 391 . The path displays control dots at key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.12. If camera positions distort.

notice where you save the file. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.rvt. Revit generates the external AVI file. 2. Click Play. select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Length/Format dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. On the application menu. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. File Name.Play the Walkthrough 1. click OK. 2. In the Video Compression dialog box. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Save.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click OK. 3. 4.

6. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Visualization s 393 . Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.5. such as shaded or rendering. Double-click the new file name.

Visualization . save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.7. s Edited the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player. If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Flip Orientation d. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Questions 1. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Assign materials.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Add planting components. s Place a camera. s Export a walkthrough. False 2. s Export a DWG file. a. s Create a raytrace rendering. True b. s Apply shading to a view. Export > FBX 3. a. s Orient walls and windows. True b. a. Align c. Print to File b. you use: a. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Play a walkthrough. you use: a. Split b. Demolish 2. Save As > FBX c. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. View > Shading d.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

foundations. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 2. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. you learn how to place structural columns. beams and braces. beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. In the following exercises. 3. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. and braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beam systems.

posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. For example. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other structural elements will be located in a building.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.Structural . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Knowing where structural members.Structural .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other building objects. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. walls.

This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Structural s 401 . This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Create column grids. Place columns and beams on grids. Technology. Engineering. Place beam systems and braces. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. After completing this lesson.

In this exercise. wood. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. 1. Structural columns can be steel. On the Build panel of the Home tab. They come in types defined by size and shape. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. click Column > Structural Column. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction.Structural . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. often mainly glass. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Beams connect columns or walls. Open Deck Framing. wood.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. 2. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. or concrete. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. 3. On the View Control Bar. or reinforced concrete. As with columns. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Temporary Hide/Isolate . In residential construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. beams can be steel.Hide Category. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. Select a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. this is known as post and beam construction. spans without walls.

3A. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.4. click Depth. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. and 4B. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 5. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. On the View Control Bar. 8. On the Options Bar. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. In the Type Selector. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Structural s 403 . Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 7.

10. 11. Right-click. Click Hide In View > Element.9. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. and columns clearly.Structural . Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". double-click view Framing Cutaway. rail. In the Project Browser. Click OK. The columns are now hidden by the floors. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click OK. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 2. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Place Beams 1.

Structure panel. click Beam. 5. select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Click. On the Structure tab. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s In the view window.3. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. On the Options Bar. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. In the Type Selector. 4.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. On the Properties palette. 7. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click.Structural . 6. Click. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.

Structure panel. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette.8. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Beam. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Make Wall Bearing. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. as shown. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.rvt. 9. 11. Click on grid intersection B4. Click Modify. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click OK. 12. Structural s 407 . In this exercise. Click.

A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. or number of beams in a bay. click Sketch Beam System. click No. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. In this exercise. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.Structural . On the Structure tab.rvt. 4. distance. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Place Beam Systems 1. 3. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Pick Supports. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. s Place braces. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. you: s Place beam systems. 2. Open Deck Beams. click Beam System. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Click the beam on Grid 1. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. The completed exercise 5. Structure panel. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. 7. as shown. click Line.6. On the Draw panel. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

click Pick Supports. s s s On the Draw panel. click Create Similar.Structural .6". Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. set Elevation to -0'-9". 11. 10. s 9. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Trim as necessary. Click Finish. On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Line. On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s s On the Draw panel.2". s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. click Finish (green check). set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .8. Click the beam on Grid 2.

Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Structural s 411 . 3. Create panel. Click to place the elevation. Adjust the view crop region as shown. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. 2. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium.Place Braces 1. unlike regular elevations. 5. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. It has an automatic work plane. In the Project Browser. 4. as shown. On the View Control Bar. Structure panel. On the View tab. On the Structure tab. click Brace. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a.

click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 8.6. 9. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace. In the Type Selector. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the view window. 7.Structural . Click Modify.

In this exercise. Structural s 413 .rvt. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Save the file as Deck structure. s Placed braces.10. you: s Placed beam systems.

s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Pull the cursor straight up. The exact location is not critical. Grid datasets. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. click Grid. The exact length is not critical. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. 2. In this exercise. You can change a grid number at any time. click in the lower left to start a grid line. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and section views. and walls. s s In the view window. but they can also be angular and radial. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Datum panel. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. as shown. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. The numbering automatically increments.Structural . Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. beams. In plan views. elevation.

3. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. 4. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".

Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. s Select Grid Line 2.Structural . Repeat to create grid line 4. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. close to the heads. 7. Enter A at the keyboard. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Press ENTER. click Copy. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Pull the cursor to the right. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. click to place the grid line. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Grid 3 is already the selection set. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. The new grid line will be number 3. The new grid line is number 5. Pull the cursor to the left. Click to start a grid line.5. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. Press ENTER. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1.

Structural s 417 . s Click Copy.1.8. click the elbow control to place an offset. 9. 11. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. 10. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Grid 2. s Select grid 2. s Click to place the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. This grid line will be number B. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Change the number to 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. This completes the main grid. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.1 is still selected. The Grid tool is still active. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. On the grid line.

To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. s s Click grid intersection D3.000 o . On the Options Bar. 3. click Pick. 4. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click in the new grid bubble. On the Options Bar.Structural . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". s Click to start the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Click to place the grid head. click Radius. select Center-Ends Arc. In the Radius field. On the Draw panel. On the Home tab. Create panel. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Draw panel. set Offset to 15'-0".Create a Radial Column Grid 1. click Grid. Press ENTER. Zoom to Fit. Change the number to EE. enter 15. The Grid tool is still active.

Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click to place grid FF. You will need to identify it easily. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 6. 7. Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line.5. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

11. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Revit will create grid 32.Structural .8. s Click grid intersection D3. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Press ENTER. s 10. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Select grid 31. Click to place the grid line. s In this exercise.000. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. click Mirror . s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Select grid 3. Enter 31 to change the name. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Pick Axis. Zoom to Fit. Click in the new grid bubble. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Create Similar. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 9.rvt.

Structural s 421 . s 3. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. As a result. s Use a column grid to place beams. click Column > Structural Column. s Add footings to columns. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. you typically create a grid. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Now you place columns at grid intersections. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. In the Type Selector. 2. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. This is a steel column.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structure panel. s Change a grid layout.

A. 5. On the Multiple panel. 4. 3. click At Grids. 4. In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.Structural . B. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. set Height to Level 3. 6.s s On the Options Bar. 2. C and D. click Finish. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

On the Multiple panel. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Zoom to Fit. click Beam. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. columns. click On Grids. Window-select all the grid lines. 4. 3. click Finish. The grid. On the Multiple panel. 2. and beams will move to the right.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Structural s 423 . Click Grid 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 5.

2. click Undo. On the Multiple panel. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3. window-select all the columns. In the view window. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 1. click At Columns. click No. On the Multiple panel. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 6. click Isolated. Click Redo. Columns and beams will move to the right. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Open the Default 3D view.Structural . On the Quick Access toolbar. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 4. click Finish.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them.

s On the Properties palette. 6. Click OK. The footing changes size. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18".5. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. in the Type Selector. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Structural s 425 . A warning displays. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing had been placed at Level 1. 7. To change the size of the footing. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Press ESC to clear the column selection.

8. s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural . Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns. In this exercise. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.

Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

Column b. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Questions 1. Beam d. True b. s Add footings to columns. s Change a grid layout.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Brace c. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place braces. s Use a column grid to place columns. All of the above. 2. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beam systems.

A and B. If you relocate a grid line. True b. Flip Orientation d. Select a beam type and define the system layout. 2. False 4. d. a. d. When placing columns or beams. 3. a. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . b. Select the type of beam or column to place.Structural . Pick points. Properties c. b. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Use grid lines and grid intersections. A but not B. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. c. c. Stretch b. True b. you can: a. 5. All of the above. To create a beam system. you use: a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you: a. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. To change the height of a column.

Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. International Technology Education Association www. Inc.Director.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Mathematics.Executive Director. Smith .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. PE . Starkweather . Ltd. Randy Dymond. WI Roger Dohm .Teacher.Instructor. South Division High School. Milwaukee. Poway High School.iteaconnect. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Copyright s 431 . CA Ronald A Williams. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Susan Harrington .org Project Lead the Way.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Poway.

by any method. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Inc. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Published by: Autodesk. AutoCAD Civil 3D.” AUTODESK. CA 94903. for any purpose. Inc. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Autodesk Inventor. All other brand names. All rights reserved. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. INC. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. “AS IS. All rights reserved.. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. this publication. AutoCAD. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Revit MEP. product names. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. or trademarks belong to their respective holders.© 2010 Autodesk. AutoCAD MEP. Inc. Inc. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. or parts thereof. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Trademarks Autodesk. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. INC. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. 2010 Autodesk.. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful