Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

2

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

3

Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

4

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

5

6

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

s

7

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

8

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

section. Other building elements such as doors. furniture. and 3D views. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. windows. You can add building elements in plan. stairs. floors. roofs. elevation. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.Software Tools .Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied.

If one is moved. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. or at any time after. the other will move as well.

Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints. In essence.If the left side wall is moved. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Constrain placement of objects. technology. Technology. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Engineering. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). s Place a predefined Mass family. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. engineering.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and math standards. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts.

Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. owner. There are mass families available to load into a project. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . size. such as distance requirements from roadways. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Masses can be edited in many ways. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or masses. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. and curtain systems. roofs. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. walls. and then converted into building components such as floors. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. you can create in-place masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.Software Tools . A designer. quickly. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. walls. or within. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.

18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Engineering. and math standards. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Technology. and Language Arts. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. legends. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Annotation includes text notes.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. tags. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. s Explain the use of dimensions. and symbol heads. engineering.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating. or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be linear.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y. and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. and math standards. and Options Bar. technology. engineering. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Language Arts. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.Software Tools . 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Open tabs on the ribbon. the Type Selector. Engineering. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Math (STEM). s Work with tool buttons. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. s Open and use ribbon tabs.

The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. beams. Display and Navigation s 31 . and rooms. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Some commands will not be active (that is. Its position is fixed. doors. for instance. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. windows.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

structural walls. braces. and foundations. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. symbols. and text. columns. detailing. trusses. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Display and Navigation s 33 .

34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. copy/paste. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

and Close. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . Save.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open. Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

Software Tools . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. and groups. schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. with four elevation markers visible. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. sheets. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. families. Legends.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . level of detail. sun settings. rendering (in 3D views).The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. shadow display. cropping.Software Tools . To toggle the Project Browser on/off. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. A check mark indicates it is visible. Windows panel on the ribbon. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. visual style. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.

The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Display and Navigation s 43 . Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. To change the scale of a view. Select the desired view scale from the list.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. but not at Coarse.

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools . It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges. Shaded. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. sun and shadow intensity. date and time. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view. or by global location. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes.

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 . and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools . These controls. along with other display settings.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them.

The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Annotate. Collaborate. Nine tabs are available: Home. Display and Navigation s 55 . Manage and Modify. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. View. Insert. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. To activate or open a view. Structure.

Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

When a context tab is active. Options Bar. If you select items in the view window. Display and Navigation s 57 . Properties Palette. the Options Bar may display below it. showing options that you can select while you are working. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.Context Tabs.

58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

such as File Open. the application menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. File Save. and Publish. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Display and Navigation s 65 . and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Export. Click a file name to open that file. The application menu contains file management controls. New File. Print.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. make the Home tab active. Display and Navigation s 67 . To start a new project.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. After you have examined each of them. The completed exercise 4. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Do this for other tabs. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. If you select the menu option. or click New > Project from the application menu. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. On the ribbon. 3. 2.

Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Close the file without saving. In this exercise. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. They disappear when you move the cursor away. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Cycle Through All. 7. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.5.Software Tools . and then viewed. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. you opened a project file. 6. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.

The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Display and Navigation s 69 . Quick Start for Revit Architecture.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.rvt. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Open quick_start_building_elements. 2. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Project Browser. Exercise 2. doubleclick the view name. You worked on this file in Getting Started.

The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 6. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 5. doors.Software Tools . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. You are selecting everything visible. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click OK. Clear Walls and Doors. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . . The Modify | Walls context tab opens. all the walls. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 4. Click the door in the upper left of the model. and windows highlight blue. 7. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click any interior wall.3. On the Properties palette. 8. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.

Click any door. 10.rvt. On the Properties palette. Place a door as shown. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. you opened a project file. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 11. examined the menus and toolbars. 12. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. click Create panel > Create Similar.9. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Display and Navigation s 71 . In this exercise.

Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. building elements (walls. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Math (STEM). Revit provides floor plan.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Pan. and 3D views using the View menu. You can create sections. System families include levels. In the exercises. s Load and place component families. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Work with Revit families. Engineering. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and elevation views by default. and Language Arts. Technology. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. operating settings. lines. floors). schedules. annotations. To review the list of standards for each lesson. templates. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . display controls. ceiling plan. Component families include model objects (furniture. mechanical equipment). either predefined or user-created. and views. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. drafting views. s Create a new in-place family.

This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology. engineering.

Use your keyboard to enter VV. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Right-click. even a small one.Exercise: View Controls A building model. is an extensive database. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . The elevation markers disappear from the view. Rightclick in the view window. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Unit2_building_elements. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. 2. There is no way to see everything in it. Click OK. VG also opens the dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. First. 3. Click the Annotation Categories tab.rvt. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The display changes. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Four elevation markers are visible. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.

Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Click Zoom In Region. Right-click. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Open. Right-click. Select the roof outline. 7. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Zoom to Fit. so be sure to select them both. Click and drag the cursor as shown. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. click Detail Level. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out.4. 6. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Select Detail Level: Medium. 5. Enter ZF.

Enter VH. doors and windows are not shown. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 2. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. On the Properties palette. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom to Fit. as before. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment.Software Tools . Turn off visibility of the elevations. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. View Properties 1. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .8. change the Underlay value to None. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.

Right-click. the ridge is now visible. Click Rename. Next to View Range. 4. For Name. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. enter Roof.0". Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. click Edit. and where the cut plane sits.3. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.

select Shading with Edges. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Open Elevation view South. In the dialog box that opens. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Accept the location that activates. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . under Solar Study. 2. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 3. 4. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Winter Solstice. In the Presets list. select Still. Set the time to 9:30 am.Graphic Display Options 1. 5. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Shadows On.Software Tools .

The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. 6. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. In this exercise.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit2_views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.

Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. On the Home tab. and so on. windows. click Door. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. you open an existing project file. and use a Revit family to place a door. roofs. commercial. or institutional structures. and furniture. There are system families. windows. or stand-alone (for example. and families in place. furniture. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and place Revit families. standard families. railings. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. In Revit. These components are called families and there are several different types. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. s A system family. Build panel. Doors. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. You add closet doors to interior walls. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. furniture).Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. such as levels. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.rvt. floors. is predefined within Revit. and floors. load. Additionally. and annotations are examples of standard families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters.Software Tools . lights. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Doors are considered standard family entities. Open Unit2_views. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. walls. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. 2.

and Annotation. The Door Insertion tool stays active.rfa. It has a number of different sizes defined. You click to place an instance of the door family. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. If you highlight a door family. As you move your cursor near any wall. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Click Open. Family files have a file extension of *. s s 6. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Locate Double Panel 2.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Furniture. Tag panel. Project files have a file extension of *. 4. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. 5.rvt. Click the Doors folder. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. On the Modify | Place Door tab. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click Open. Accept the default size.rfa. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.

The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. you located. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 8. and placed instances of a door family. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Place an instance of the door as shown. loaded. Place two more instances of the door as shown.Software Tools . An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 9. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. simply click it. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. but not strongly. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.7.rvt. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.

For Name. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . Open Unit2_doors_walls. 4.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. 5. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The required width is not available. Select the double door as shown. you open an existing project file. enter 48" x 80". The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. This door needs to be 48" wide. click Duplicate. and create an in-place family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Click OK.rvt. 2. modify a door family. 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 2.6. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 4. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 1. On the Home tab. enter Hall Clock.Software Tools . Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. In the dialog box. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. On the Properties palette. 3. click Component > Model In-Place. For Name. Click OK. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Generic Models. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. The door updates. 5. Build panel. Click OK. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. is to create a component family in place.

10. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .4" as shown. 9. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. click Rectangle.rvt. The family model updates. 7. loaded. You have created the base of the clock. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 11. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. as shown.2". In this exercise. Revit will display . and placed a door family. On the Draw panel. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 8. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click OK. you located. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 13.0' 2". Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.6. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 12. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model.

STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

Spin the model in 3D space. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. and place a family from a library. False 2. d. 6. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. True b. False 4. Either a or b. s Access. depending on the template selected. c.Software Tools . Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. s Open different views. context tabs. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Create a 3D perspective view. Turn on Shadows. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . a. s Change view displays.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. d. s Change view properties. True b. b. a. s Adjust Visual Style Options. c. c. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Create an in-place model family. a. load. Each project has several predefined views. The tool shown is used to: a. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Zoom in Region is used to: a. b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Right-click. s Change type properties of a family. Questions 1. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. True b. b. False 3. and click Open. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. d. To activate a view: a. and Options Bar. 7. tab. Zoom to the entire model. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. Views can be renamed. False 5.

windows. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b.8. Parts d. Project Browser d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .) are called: a. Pan and Zoom b. System c. A family created within a project is called ________________. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Properties palette 10. Multiview b. Standard b. a. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Blocks c. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Families 11. depending on settings 9. Rotate c. Scroll d. a. etc. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . All of the above. In-Place d.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

4. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 2. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Set project units. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 9.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 7. s Create labels. 5. s Create dimensions and text. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 8. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Duplicate and modify views. s Create dimension and text styles.

you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and the settings that are preset within them. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and so forth.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.aias. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. linetypes.org. based on the AIA standards. Math (STEM). defining the layers. linetypes. Explain why templates are used.Standards and Building Codes . Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Visit the AIA website at www. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. should be used. Visit the AIAS website at www. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. colors. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.aia. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors.org. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Technology. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. and Language Arts. Engineering. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.

This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. it cannot be called a bedroom. otherwise it is considered a carport. If it lacks any of these components. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and one closet. windows. and so on. like mechanical drawing. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. a bathroom. it must have at least one door. and so on. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. If there is a fire.Standards and Building Codes .Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. defined and adopted by convention. A garage must be completely enclosed. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. A unit is a particular physical quantity. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. the number being its numerical value. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. a common area (such as a living room or family room). 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . doors. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. For example. one window. a garage. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people.

Standards and Building Codes s 95 . glass. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control.. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. or imperial. In architectural drafting. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. its value is expressed in the unit meter. the construction industry still uses the English. is 169 m. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.. unit symbol m. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. using imperial units. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. also known as the International System of Units. such as room size and wall height. unit symbol ft. Here h is the physical quantity. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. However. and other materials. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.For example. in the United States. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Another method is to apply dual notation. is 555 ft.

every 1/8" would represent 1'. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. sheets. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).Standards and Building Codes . one value representing another value. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. and viewports. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".Scales are ratios. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. line weight and pattern. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.) 8. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. Each size is designated by a letter. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. In Revit Architecture.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H).

elevators.01. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. The integers go from 0 to 9. symbols. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. You create and position views. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. temporary Schedules Sections. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). notes Demolition. and then add a title block or other symbols. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.01. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .a modified version of the AIA standard. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. site plan.

Standards and Building Codes . and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. fonts. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. followed by information on the building's owner. that is. drawing scales. and other relevant information. and so on. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. The next space is for tracking revisions. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. annotation plot sizes. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the author of the drawing. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The paper is oriented landscape. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the HVAC company. Typically. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. The column is divided into sections.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the date drawn. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Usually. For example. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. the electrician. so that the height is less than the width. and layer standards.

in the City of San Francisco. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . layer settings. dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. required symbols. title blocks.

views. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes .Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. These can be used to build your model. Technology. dimension styles. and walls. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.

engineering. Settings s 101 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology.

factory. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. 2. apartments. you create a new project file using a template. Open Revit to an empty project file. click New > Project. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. In Revit. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. On the application menu. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. click Browse. In the New Project dialog box. Select a Template 1. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. or store. you use templates as starting points.Standards and Building Codes . Condominiums.

4.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. On the application menu. 5. Settings s 103 . Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Select the Residential-Default. Click OK. saving set up time. you started a new project file using a standard template. In this exercise. click Close to close this project without saving. Click Open. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. 6.

expand Floor Plans under Views.Standards and Building Codes . 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.rvt. 2. Build panel. The Wall tool remains active. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. open ADA__Settings. Press ESC to cancel the wall. The file opens to a 3D view. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Click to start a new wall. In the Project Browser. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. In the courseware datasets folder. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. Pull the cursor to the right. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. In this exercise. the drawing setup options are preset. click Wall. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 3.

(The keyboard shortcut is UN. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click Format for Length. 5. In this exercise. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. and move the cursor right. s Set Unit symbol to m. 8. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Place the cursor over the left wall. Settings s 105 . click to start a new wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 7. Close the file without saving.) 6.4. Click OK twice to save the setting change.

On the Annotate tab. 4. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. create.Standards and Building Codes . By default.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Open ADA_Dimensions. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Properties palette. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. 3. but also control the size and location of objects. or insert components. Dimension panel. For Name.rvt. click Edit Type. click Aligned. Temporary dimensions display when you select. dimensions not only display. enter Big Text. 2. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. 1. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Click OK. there are two types of dimensions. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. click Duplicate. temporary and permanent. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.

5. 7. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Settings s 107 . Drag the dimension to the left of the view. Select the top. left. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The Dimension tool is still active. s Click OK twice. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Click to place. 6. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.

9.8. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.Standards and Building Codes . 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s s s Select the far left. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. In this exercise. Click to place the dimension. you opened an existing file. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. created a new dimension style. and far right vertical walls. The Dimension tool stays active. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. upper. Close the file without saving.

3. These are annotations. Notice the door and window tags.rvt. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. There are no annotations visible. Settings s 109 . In the datasets folder. Right-click. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In order to do this. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. 2. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. and the view window displays the new plan.

5. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. In the Project Browser. In the Project Browser. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Click OK to update the display of this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 9. 7. Model Categories tab.4. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Double-click to open it. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.Standards and Building Codes . 1. On the Manage tab. Click Rename. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. click Project Information. Click OK. 8. Settings panel.

3. 2. click Edit. 2.Add a Sheet 1. Enter the address as shown. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Settings s 111 . (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click New Sheet. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.) 3. In the Value column of Project Address. Click OK. Rightclick. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. or supply your own values: Click OK. highlight the title block displayed in the list. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click OK. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. You can also enter the address of your school.

In the Identity Data and Other sections. Click Apply. Next.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. Notice the change to the title block. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.Standards and Building Codes . 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .4. Add a View to the Sheet 1. 5. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.

Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Click Activate View. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 4. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click. Select Deactivate View. Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view. 3. 2. Settings s 113 . Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet.

The view updates on the sheet. s Added a sheet. The Scale updates in the title block.Standards and Building Codes . s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. you: select it. deselect it. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise.5. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Finish the move. Close the file without saving. Place the cursor 7. of the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes.

rft. A copy of the 11 x 8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Start Revit Architecture. 2.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Select A-11x8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5. On the application menu. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 3. This is one of the longer exercises.5 title block template opens. Settings s 115 . 4. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Click Open. It opens to the Recent Files window. click New > Titleblock.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

116

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

117

11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

118

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

Settings

s

119

6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

120

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

Settings

s

121

16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

122

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

Settings

s

123

On the Quick Access toolbar.9.Landscape. Accept the Sample Value. 14. 10. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Accept the Sample Value. you created a title block using a template file.rfa. In this exercise. 12. Right-click. 11. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. select Drawn By. Click Zoom to Fit.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. s Click Add. Your teacher may specify another location. Save the title block as A . s Accept the Sample Value. 13. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Accept the Sample Value. click Save to save the title block. 15. Add a label for Sheet Number. Add a label for Checked By. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. click Close.

you create a new project file. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. click New to create a new project using the default template. Locate your title block. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 2.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. and then load a custom title block into your project. 5. Click Open. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Highlight the title block and click OK. Settings s 125 . 3. Your title block is now displayed in the list. On the View tab. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Insert a Title Block 1. 4. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. In the Recent Files window. The title block appears in the graphics window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks.

The parameters on the title block will update as shown. click Project Information. Select the title block. Click Zoom to Fit. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 2. s For Drawn By. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 3. enter Student Project Unit 3. s For Checked By. In this exercise. Click OK. enter your name. Click OK. Settings panel. 6.Standards and Building Codes .rvt in a location determined by your instructor.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you a created a new project file. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 4. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 5. On the Manage tab. enter your instructor's name. On the Properties palette. Click OK.

such as 3D and plan views. in addition to predefined wall types. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. you define the title block. and then load them like families. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. 2. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. 3. and the units for your custom template. On the Insert tab. click New > Project. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Families: Load in families you use most often. In this exercise. 1. In the New Project dialog box. On the application menu. Click OK. angles. settings. a dimension style. select Project Template. you create a new project file. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Create a Template In this exercise. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and geometry from the template. and slope angle. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. including how the rendered image looks.

7. Open the title block A . For Name. On the Annotate tab. Click OK. 5. 6. Set the units for the template.Landscape. In the Type Properties dialog box. 9. Next.4. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click the Length field in the Format column. click Settings panel > Project Units. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.Standards and Building Codes . 8.rfa. You create a custom dimension style. 10. There will be no visible change. create a Dimension Style. click Duplicate. enter 3/16" Verdana. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Manage tab. Click OK twice.

Settings s 129 . 15. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. select Sheets (All). Click OK. In the Project Browser. 14. Select the A . enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13.11.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Rightclick. Click OK. 12. Click New Sheet.

you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. Save your project template in your class project folder.16. title block. You can use this template for future projects.Standards and Building Codes .rte. The title block updates. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. as well as dimension style and units. and units that you defined. Save the file name as A-English template. 17. Click OK.

s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry. or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. abstract format. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.

1:3 b. P.02 d. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create labels. s Create a dimension style. A.Standards and Building Codes .Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. 1:12 c.05 c. s Change lineweight. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and symbols used in drawing? a. A. A unit 4. 1:32 5. UBC c.02 b. a. s Create dimensions. S. s Change dimension colors. a. s Create a template. 1:24 d. True b. s Create text. False 3. s Create a title block. Using AIA Standards. Metric d. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". you learned to: s Set units in a file. dimension styles. A particular physical quantity. General Questions 1. NCTM d. s Create a text style. An architect b. is defined as what? a. English c. AIA b. NCSESA 2. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. True b. True b. Wall centerlines c. a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. dimensions snap to: a. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. To set the units in a project. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. you click: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. False 4. By default. Wall faces b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Wall midpoints d. you use: a. In Revit Architecture.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. a. Point offsets 3. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. False 6. To change the scale of a view. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. To create a new sheet. Application menu > Properties b.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

5. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Trim and extend walls. 6. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Define a wall structure. 2.

and protect its interior spaces. separate. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. their construction and materials. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. After completing this lesson. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. them. List the different types of occupancy. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

About Walls

s

137

Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

138

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

About Walls

s

139

Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

140

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

About Walls

s

141

142

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

About Walls

s

143

For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

144

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

About Walls

s

145

Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

146

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

About Walls

s

147

Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

148

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Walls

s

149

Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

150

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

(The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. a dashed line displays. As you continue to move the cursor. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. the dimension updates incrementally. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Click to set the endpoint. Expand the Type Selector list. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . click it to open an edit field.Brick on Mtl. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. an angular dimension displays. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. To modify a dimension. Stud. indicating wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. 4. It will not print. Walls s 151 . Clear the Chain option.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. 5.3. Select the Single Line option. Enter 10. After you create the wall. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action.

Depending on your zoom in the view. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. enter 7. click Create Similar. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. the controls may sit on top of one another. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Click to start the next wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click the wall. click the Detail Level icon. On the View Control Bar. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The wall does not show any internal detail. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. 7. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall.Walls . After setting the vertical wall's direction.6. Press ENTER. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. 8. Select panel. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Modify to stop placing walls. Create panel.

Also. Notice that two dimensions display.9. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Because you drew the wall from up to down. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. no matter where you move the cursor. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. notice how the wall joins at the corner. an alignment line displays. Click Modify. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. 10. Select the right vertical wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. release the mouse button to set a new length. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Walls s 153 . the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right.

Build panel. 14. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.11. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Right-click. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. This is the same as clicking Modify. 13. 12. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. On the Home tab. When using the Chain option.Walls . Select the lower vertical wall. click Wall. Sketch the walls as shown. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 16. 15. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Click Cancel. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Repeat.

Clear the Chain option. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 20. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".rvt. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. After clicking the second end. Click Modify. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Walls s 155 . Click Zoom to Fit. 17. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Create Similar again. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 19. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. In this exercise.18. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.

Only part of the wall highlights. You now remove the upper right corner. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. align. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 4. 2. you first split the walls at the intersections.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 3. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. and extend walls.Walls . To do this. This exercise illustrates how to split. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Split Walls 1.rvt from the previous exercise. fillet. Do the same for the vertical wall. Click Modify. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. trim. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Both split walls are shown below.

On the Options Bar. Walls s 157 . You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. On the Modify | Wall tab. Modify panel. Select any wall. Create panel. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. click Create Similar. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 5. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Delete. select Radius.Fillet Walls 1. click Undo and repeat the steps. You can also click the flip control. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 3. 2. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 4. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Click Fillet Arc. Enter 5'. If you make a mistake.

3. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. select Basic Wall: Interior . 1.Walls . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Wall tool is still active. You align the wall in the next steps. 2.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Place an interior wall as shown. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.

The Wall Trim Tool 1. clear Chain. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. The length is not critical. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Walls s 159 . s On the Options Bar.4. Click to create a wall. Pull the cursor straight up. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. Select the two interior walls in turn. 2. The length is not critical. 4. 3. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. This will be the border. The walls can cross. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 6. This will extend to the border.Walls .

Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.rvt. and trim. In this exercise. align. fillet. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.7.

Open ADA_Wall_Structure.Walls . In the Project Browser. 1. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. and vary in cost. click Edit Type. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Modify tool is active by default. Select the Exterior wall as shown. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. 2. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. satisfy different requirements. 3. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.rvt in the courseware datasets folder.

Click Insert twice. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. When you are finished. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click the arrow at the right. To edit the structure of the wall. s Click Up. 5. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. click Edit in the Structure value field. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall.4. s Click the number of Layer 3. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click Down twice. For Name. has a Function you can edit. Walls s 163 . Every layer of a wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. the wall structure should be as shown. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. 6. enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Select Finish 1 [4]. 7. except Core Boundary. Click OK. 8.

s Set the Material to Finishes . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. select Finishes . 11. 13. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Walls . 12.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Click the icon that appears at the right.9. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Stud Layer. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Modify the Function.Exterior . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. which displays plan or section views. 10. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Material. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Material to Wood .

select Medium. From the Detail level list.14. On the Properties palette. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. In the Project Browser. Walls s 165 . 15. 16. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 17. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click Apply to update the view. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties.

18. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 19. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 20. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Close the file without saving. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . defined a new wall structure. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. From the Type Selector list. In this exercise. Right-click 8" Exterior. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.Walls . You opened an existing file.

and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. In this exercise. Select one of the Exterior . Stud walls as shown. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. 2. a structural mid-section. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. for example. and a decorated interior surface.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.rvt. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Brick on Mtl. wood rails. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. 3. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The model opens in a 3D view. You can define a wall type with these elements.

Walls . highlight one of the borders. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. the new regions assume the same material as the original. You can split regions into other regions. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You can assign different materials to regions. in the Structure value field. into regions. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. so all instances of this type change. Wall structures are Type Properties. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. As indicated in the dialog box title. When you split a layer. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. To split a layer or region vertically. 8. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. You can set the sample height to any value. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Click Split Region. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. To define the structure of the wall. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 5.4. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. You change the type. If not already expanded. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 7. or you will lose your changes. 2. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . In this exercise. click Edit. 6. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 1. either horizontally or vertically. To split a layer or region horizontally.

Click to merge them. After merge. The upper split disappears. In this case. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click Merge Regions. Walls s 169 . 3. since both regions are composed of the same layer. 1. assign Layer 1.Brick layer.3. Click to merge the two layers. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 4. Click to split the region into two parts. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. When you merge regions. Prehighlight a border between regions. 2.

Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. you assign the material Masonry Brick .Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5.Walls . s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click the temporary dimension text. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. The dimension text turns blue. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Change the value to 12. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Click again to return to the original position. 4. Press ENTER. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". In the Edit dialog box. to the next parallel line. 3. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 3. If you set the split offset down from the top. instead of down. 1. 2. indicating that it is modifiable. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Next. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. 2. To create a new wall layer. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Insert. After a region is split. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. click Modify. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. s Select the split line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 1. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. You create a new layer and assign it to a region.

Brick Soldier Course. and Insert Layer tools. It immediately highlights in blue. 10. Split Region. 8. It also shows a thickness value. When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK. Change the Material to Masonry . Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Close the file without saving. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Walls s 171 . 7. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone.4. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Modify. Click OK. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 6. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. as shown. 9. 5. Click Assign Layers. In this exercise. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. All walls of this type have been changed. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry .Brick Soldier Course layer. The preview changes appearance. because it is now the selected layer. Merge Region.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind.Walls . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. earth. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . piping. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and protected.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. installed. ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and insulation.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

s

173

Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

174

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

s

175

About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

176

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

s

177

Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

178

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

s

179

Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

180

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but also the natural lighting. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Doors and Windows . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. the ventilation. the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. About Doors and Windows s 185 .

The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . An unobstructed opening of 5.7 sq. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. ft. the width can be no less than 20".

engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. s Center a door in a wall. windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. s Copy windows. and Language Arts. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Technology. and how to position. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Math (STEM). and copy these elements. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. In this unit. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. move. you learn how to place doors and windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . Engineering. and furniture are defined in family files. Components such as doors.

This can be done in a plan view. or 3D view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Add Doors 1. the door swing would be to the left side. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . elevation view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click Door. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. To reverse the swing. On the Home tab. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. 3. Build panel.Doors and Windows . Once a door is placed. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. To flip the door. When placing doors in a plan view. 2. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.

Doors and Windows s 189 . Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. and windows into project files. In order to keep file size small. walls. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Click Open. 3. From the Type Selector list. With the Door command active. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.rfa. 2. The display does not change. Select the door Double-Panel 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". on the Modify | Place Door tab. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. except for the Type Selector.Load Families 1. click Load Family. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Mode panel.

Doors and Windows . 5. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.4. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. From the Type Selector. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.

If you place a door in the wrong location. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Place instances of single doors as shown. or by using the swing control arrows. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. change a temporary dimension. simply click it and enter the correct value. Remember.6. To Doors and Windows s 191 .

Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Open Unit5_doors.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. click Window. Windows have exterior and interior sides. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. To face the outside of the window to the other side. elevation view. You can place windows in a plan view. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. When placing windows in a plan view. or 3D view. From the Type Selector. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. click Modify and select the window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . On the Home tab. Build panel. the outside of the window is to the left side. Add Windows 1. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. 2. To reverse the window after performing another operation. approach the wall from the right side.

You do not need to add dimensions. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 5. In this exercise. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Place seven more windows as shown.3.Doors and Windows . loaded a door family. Window tags do not number in sequence.rvt. and placed windows. placed doors. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 4. you opened an existing project.

constrain it to be centered in a wall.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. you open an existing project file. 1. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. s Align and modify walls. 2. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Do not be overly concerned where you place it. 4. and modify the wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. 3. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. On the Annotate tab. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Dimension panel. window. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension.rvt. place a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. wall. and so on. click Aligned. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected.

s s s s Click the left wall. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. 5. Click the right wall. The door changes location. Notice the symbol. Select the upper wall first. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here.Doors and Windows . Click the center of the door. Click the lock icon to enable it. Align Walls 1. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The walls are now aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 6. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. the other wall will remain aligned. This means that if one wall shifts.

Change the dimension to 16. 5. Dimensions display below it. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Right-click.4. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. The walls shift and remain aligned. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.) The dimension value is now shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . 3. Clear the EQ Display value. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Zoom to Fit.Doors and Windows . Right-click. you placed a continuous dimension.rvt.6. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. In this exercise.

Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 2. click Create Similar. In this exercise. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. On the Modify | Windows tab.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. especially if there are many different types. 1. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 4. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Doors and Windows s 199 .

Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. On the Modify | Windows tab. The window is copied. click Copy. The window will change appearance. 3. Select the window you just placed. 2. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4. Modify panel.Copy Windows 1.Doors and Windows .

6. In this exercise. Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Click Zoom to Fit.5.rvt. Doors and Windows s 201 . Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

cold. heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows . s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . flat glass is a recent invention. The stability of glass in response to wind. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

you learned to: s Place doors. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. True b. General Questions 1. Custom 3. a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. False 2. s Align a door or window. 32" b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. Standard b. 28" b. 36" c. 40" d. 30" c. a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. 32" d. 34" 4. s Place a window. If a room is used for sleeping. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation.

a. Select the door. Select the door. Click Flip Direction. d. True b. a. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Load c. True b. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. To change the swing direction of a door: a. b. Load from Library b. c. True b.Doors and Windows . False 2. Properties 3. Copy 8. False 5. To center a door or window in a wall. To change the location of a door or window. Offset c. Click Modify > Flip Direction. you use: a. Use door grips to reposition. 6. d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Duplicate d. you: a. Clone b. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Link c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. 4. a. you use ________. Click Door Properties. A reference plane b. Insert d. c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Select the door. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Right-click. Select the door. b. Click Door Properties. The center snap 7.

you will be able to: s Create stairs. 6. Review stairs and railings. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 3. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Create railings.

stair and railing types. After completing this lesson. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and math standards.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. engineering. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Once the actual riser height is determined. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. such as ice and snow. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

Due to building code. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings .

but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.

Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. For safety reasons. s Modify stairs. and spiral stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. or vertical circulation. and Language Arts. Math (STEM).Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. which includes elevators. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Technology. In multistory buildings. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology. As you move the cursor. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. ramps. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. engineering. and stairs. and math standards. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . U-shaped stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties.Stairs and Railings . the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. you will be able to: s Create stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Engineering. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. or tread. You create stairs in a plan view. L-shaped runs with a landing. s Add a railing. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can define straight runs. s Create U-shaped stairs.

This enables you to place the stairs properly. Before you create the stairs.rvt. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. This file is in metric units.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. 3. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. From the courseware datasets folder. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 217 . you create stairs using a straight run. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby.

Stairs and Railings . you create a straight run. These tools are used to define your stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The cursor changes to a crosshairs.4. click Stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. On the Home tab. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). 5. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. Circulation panel. Run is preselected. Click OK to close the dialog box. In this case.

Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. and then click to define the run of stairs. You can continue to move the cursor up. 9. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. As you move the cursor up. 8. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. If you have not fully created the run. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. the run footprint stops expanding. Stairs and Railings s 219 . On the Mode panel. select Finish (green check). To change the run dimension. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.6. Select this intersection point to start your run. 10. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display.

The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.11. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. click application menu > Save As > Project.Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.rvt. To avoid overwriting the original file. 13. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. 12. you created and placed a straight run stair. In this exercise. and switched to a 3D view.

Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Activate view Floor Plans. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. click Align. Level 1. On the Modify tab.rvt. 2. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. The stair is not centered on the landing.

The Align command remains active. Take time to make the selections correctly. If you have a scroll mouse. Click the center of the wall first. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. 5. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.Stairs and Railings . 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can rotate your model to get a better view. which is located at the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the stairs.4. On the Options Bar. from the Prefer list. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.

As you prehighlight them. click Edit Type. 7. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. s Click Duplicate. enter Lobby Stairs. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Graphics. Change Width to 1350. On the Properties palette. 9. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. railings were created with the stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. In the Project Browser. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. 8. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. expand Sections (Building Section). and Dimensions subsections. s Click OK. s For Name. Hover the cursor over the railing.6. study the instance parameters under the Constraints.

Select both railings. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Cherry s s Click Modify.10. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.

12. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Click it to select it. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Mode panel. In the Type Selector. 14. Next. The stair changes to the run sketch. s Zoom in on the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Delete this line. The railings change. 13. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. click Edit Sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). you change the shape of the stairs.

15. 17. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 18. Click to place the arc. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 16. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. click the left end of the top riser. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 19. Click Modify. s On the Modify panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. To place the second arc endpoint. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Boundary.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. On the Draw panel. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.

The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. 20. Next. First. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Click CenterEnds-Arc. click Riser. select the endpoint of the right boundary. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Click to exit the Mirror command. For the third point. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. the arc center point. On the Draw panel.21.

Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. On the Mode panel. 23. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.rvt.22. In this exercise. You also modified the properties of a railing. click Finish. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Therefore. To make sure you are selecting the railing. This is typically done in plan view. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. In this case. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you sketch the plan view path. Stairs and Railings s 229 . The completed exercise To create a railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. 2.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you add a railing to a second floor landing.rvt from the previous exercise. Select the right side railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Click Modify. 3. For simple railings. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you need to define a path for the railing.

Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing.4. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Once the railing is selected. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. On the Draw panel. s s On the Options Bar. You do not need to add dimensions. 6. edit the temporary dimension. 7. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. click Line. select Chain. Then.Stairs and Railings . The dimensions are shown as a guide. on the Modify | Railings tab. 5. click Edit Path. To set the exact distance. Mode panel.

Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.rvt. In this exercise. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Delete your lines and try again.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 9. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp.

Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Create a Reference Plane 1. In this exercise. set the Offset value to 850. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Work Plane panel.Stairs and Railings . 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. In a floor plan view. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 2. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. s On the Home tab.rvt from the previous exercise. s On the Options Bar. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. you create a reference plane.

On the Home tab.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click Edit Type. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Gray.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 5. 3. For Name. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 6. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . enter Exit Stairs. Pull the cursor straight up. To start sketching the run. click Stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice. Circulation panel. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 4. Matte 2. Click OK. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.

enter 1925. Click to place the first run. 9. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Press ENTER. 8. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.Stairs and Railings . 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run. with none remaining to be created. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.7. Move the pointer to the right. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.

it is because you have overlapping lines. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. On the View Control bar. To remove the lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. 11. If you get an error message. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Remove the additional lines. You want to inspect your stairs. 2. but they are hidden behind walls. On the Stairs panel. Use Hide/Isolate 1.10. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. you select Continue to return the sketch. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Click Finish Stairs again. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click Finish Stairs.

The stairs update to become multistory stairs. On the Properties palette. This is a multistory stair. Reset the Display 1. The walls are now hidden. Finally.rvt. Select the stairs so they highlight. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Zoom in to see your stairs. 5. 4. 2.Stairs and Railings . The exterior walls reappear. and to create a U-shaped stair. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. On the View Control Bar. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. you learned to create a reference plane.3. 3. 6. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. escalators. and elevators.

Stairs and Railings .Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. but they can also be highly decorative. this openness makes them fire hazards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. and deliver riders without wait time. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They cost less. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. smoke guards. Include landings as required by your local building code.

32" c. 180 degrees 3. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 30" b. General Questions 1. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 36" d. and all treads should be the same run.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. s Modify stair boundaries. a. a. 90 degrees d. 25 degrees b. False 2. True b. b. 45 degrees c. s Create railings. you learned to: s Create stairs. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 40" 4. A stairway must be at least how wide? a.

a. Rectangle c. Railings. Home b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Treads. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Arc d. Align Railing d. Circle 4. risers 3. Attach Railing c. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. you use the _______ option.Stairs and Railings . Pick New Host b. risers and treads. riser d. risers b. a. Fasten Railing 5. True b. that is. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Line b. Modify c. You can apply materials to different stair components. Insert 2. Manage d. riser lines c. Boundary lines. True b. Run. False 6. a. a. a. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a.

Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Place fascia. (Student) 4. s Place gutters. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 9. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 7. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Review of roof types. (Student) 11. (Student) 6. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 .

242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . tiles.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Identify the different roof types. and downspouts. gutters. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. roof types. After completing this lesson. run. Calculate the rise. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. It addresses roof construction.Roofs . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. and pitch of a sloped roof. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Technology. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. technology. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Engineering. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Rake: The inclined. About Roofs s 243 . s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. engineering.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

and if visible. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. the roofing pattern. snow. are designed for shedding water and snow. and colors. both low and steep. and color. resistance to wind and fire. durability. and if visible. fire-resistant. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. They come in several types.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. Sloped roofs. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. the roofing pattern. You can use them for many different applications. brands. durability. and sun. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. About Roofs s 245 . texture. maintenance. These are used more often on upscale homes. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. rot. resulting in at least one textured face. and low maintenance roofing material. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and sunlight. texture. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. maintenance. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. as well as how effective a shelter it is. resistance to wind and fire.

Roofs . s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. galvanized steel. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. fiberglass. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. treatment for insects. They are fire-resistant. galvanized steel. consider such factors as cost. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. zinc alloy. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. special characteristics (for example. This same roof on a clear. or corrugated structural glass. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. reinforced plastic. Therefore. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. When choosing the insulation for your job. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. and so forth). odor. quality. and insulating capability (R-value). cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. Unfortunately. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. and require little maintenance. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. durable.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

run. and span. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. The run value is typically equal to 12. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. where as. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . A number indicates the value of the rise.

254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 to 12. try to specify standard roof pitch.When designing a roof. 7 and 12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 on 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7-12.Roofs .

Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. snow. often supporting a gutter. soffits. or roof overhangs. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Create a roof fascia. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Once you create a roof. s Create various roof types. you can add gutters. you work with massing shapes and not building components. and fascia. dormers. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Assign roof structure and materials. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. To create a roof by face. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Roofs s 255 .Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or ice. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Place gutters. s Create a hip roof. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. that convey rainwater to drains. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. or eaves. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. water. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint.

engineering. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.Roofs . Math (STEM).Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Technology. Engineering.

4.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Open ADA_Roofs. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. In the Work Plane dialog box. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. the top of the roof profile is sketched.rvt. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. select the Name option. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. To create an extruded roof. you create an extruded roof. 2. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 3. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click OK to continue.

In the Place Reference Plane context tab. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 2. select Section: Section 1. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. On the Work Plane panel. Draw panel. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. click Ref Plane.Roofs . In the Go To View dialog box. s Use the image below for guidance. Drawing Reference Planes 1.5. 3. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. Before sketching the roof's profile. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Click Open View. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. The section view should display as shown. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. click Line. 4.

Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click Modify. Using a positive offset value.6. sketch from right to left along the Level line. 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using the image below for guidance. s Select the new dimension. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 5. Right-click.Roofs . Click Modify. for Name. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Chain. 4. 7. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. s On the Options Bar. enter Horizontal. 2. you can label them. click Line. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 3. On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. click Finish (green check). Click OK. 1. 6. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9.12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view.

Using the images for guidance. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . carefully select the far right roof edge. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. On the Modify tab. 2. 1. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. This is a two-step process.Roofs . Select the edge of the roof as shown. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 3.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Edit Geometry panel.

hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Roofs s 263 . In the Project Browser. Select the roof. Trim Walls 1. To select both walls together. 3. However. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. On the Options Bar. open the view Sections: Section 1. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select both walls.4. On the Modify Wall panel. 2. select Attach Wall: Top. click Attach: Top/ Base. This will join the wall tops to the roof.

264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.Roofs . 5.4. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. In this exercise.rvt. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. The roof now looks correct.

From the drop-down list. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view.rvt. Unit7_first_roof. In this exercise. 1. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 .Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. a dialog box is displayed. so you look straight down as in a plan. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The footprint sketch is created at 2. 3. On the Home tab. Because you are in a 3D view. select Garage Roof. by Footprint. 4. Click Yes. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Build panel. from existing walls.

click Defines Slope. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. Use the image below for guidance. 8. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. clear the Defines slope option.0". The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. If you place a line on the wrong side.Roofs . Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. select the vertical wall on the left. 7.5. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 6. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. click Pick Walls. Next. s On Options Bar. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.

Click Modify. click Finish. click Yes. defining lines separately. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. It becomes an editable field. 3. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Select the right side roof line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Click the 9"/12" text. change the value to 6"/12". To complete the roof. 2. Roofs s 267 . roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. The new roof displays. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Select the left slope defining line. By default. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. 1. Change this value to 6"/12". That value displays next to the slope arrow. Other controls also display. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof.

Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt.4. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 5.

The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. To chain-select all of the walls.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. On the Options Bar. When all of the walls prehighlight. click to select them. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. The file opens to a 3D view. Roofs s 269 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. set the overhang to 1' 0". Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 2. 4. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On Home tab. Clear Defines Slope.

sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 4.Roofs . Right-click. Zoom into the chimney area. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.Create a Roof Opening 1. 3. As an alternate. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 2. Using the image for guidance. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Draw panel. click Rectangle. On the Options Bar.

Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. horizontal line. Select the left lower horizontal line. select the Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. 4. Click Finish. As in the previous exercise. 2. 3. Click Modify. 6. click Yes. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Select the uppermost. select Defines Slope. 5. On the Options Bar. The slope indicator displays.

In this exercise.7. and chimney penetration. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. attached walls.rvt.

2. set Overhang to 2' . Create the Roof 1. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. you create a hip roof. Select Defines Slope. The file should open to a 3D view. 5. 3. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Build panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.0". Roofs s 273 . Zoom into the area shown. Select the three walls shown in the image.rvt.

Click Finish to complete the roof. To close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.7. click Line. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. 3. 2. On the Properties palette. you use the Line tool.0". Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. s s Clear Defines Slope. Raise the Roof 1. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Switch to a 3D View. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the ViewCube. 6. In addition.Roofs . Click OK. s On the Draw panel. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.

Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. In this exercise.2. and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

Create a Shed Roof 1. 5. 3. 7.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The file should open to a 3D view. click Line. 6. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.rvt. click Pick Walls. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Clear Defines Slope. Roofs s 277 . The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Draw panel. 4. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".

9. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the line. 10. Select the lower.8. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. On the Properties palette. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Click Modify. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 11. 13.Roofs . Set the Offset to 0' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. 12. Set the Slope to 6" / 12".

18.14. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view. 15.rvt. Click OK. Roofs s 279 . you created a shed roof using a footprint. Finish the Roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. In this exercise. 17. click Yes. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 16.

Cutoff Level list. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof updates. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Roofs . 4. On the Properties palette. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 3.rvt. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 5. Select the Roof. On the menu bar. select Level 3. Open the Default 3D view.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 2. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Activate the view North Elevation. You see four levels defined in the model.

On the Draw panel. 12. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Switch to a 3D View. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 9.6. 8. On the Options Bar. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 11. 13. In this exercise. on the Properties palette. 7. On the Home tab. Roofs s 281 . click Pick Lines. select Defines Slope. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Finish the Roof. To set the slope for the new roof. Zoom and spin to see your model. 10. set the slope value to 3"/12".

rvt. Select the main roof over the house. In the Type Selector. 3. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 1. 2.

5. It is a generic roof type. 3. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile.Define a Roof Structure 1. 2. click Edit. click Edit Type. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. enter Clay Tile. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Roofs s 283 . For Structure Value. Click Insert to add a layer. Select the roof over the garage. 4. Select Layer 2 as shown. s Click OK.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Click OK twice. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer.Roofs . you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. 8. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Click OK. select Model.rvt. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.s s s In the Materials dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In this exercise. The garage roof displays a pattern. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 6.

3. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Home tab. or for decoration. Roofs s 285 . A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Click Open. On the Insert tab.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 4. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. In the Open dialog box. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rfa. click Roof > Fascia.rvt. In this exercise. to support a gutter. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. 2.

For Name. click Edit Type. Click OK. for Profile.5. Click Duplicate. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.Paint Finish Ivory. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. 6. Set the Material value to Metal . 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.Roofs . In the Type Properties dialog box. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Matte.

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia.8.rvt. Roofs s 287 .

s Click Duplicate. 2.Bevel: 5" x 5". enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK. 6.rvt. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. click Roof > Gutter. The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. select Metal Aluminum. Place Gutters In this exercise. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Home tab.Roofs . select Gutter . 3. click Edit Type. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 5. under Profile parameter. you add gutters to a building. 1. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The completed exercise 4. Click OK. Under Material parameter.

Roofs s 289 .7. In this exercise. you attached gutters to a roof. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 10. 8. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Segments will clean up at corners. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.rvt. If you click the interior face. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 9. 11.

water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat. and cold.

on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

Low b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. When referring to roof slope. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . False 2. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Gambrel d. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Gable b. a. None of the above 3. True b. Shed 4. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place gutters. Hip c. High d. the run is always 12. Medium c. s Define a roof structure. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. s Place fascia. General Questions 1.

Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. profile. you use: a. Face 3. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. a. Footprint. Extrusion d. Activate Slope 9. True b. A compound roof contains layers. a. Roofs can be created using ______. a. 10. Footprint b. sketch. Cut/Lengthen c. profile 2. extrusion. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Slope c. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Walls d. Change the direction of the slope. True b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. False 7. lines c. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. a. Create an opening. a. Expand/Contract 6. Trim/Extend b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched.Revit Architecture Questions 1. ______ or _______. Sketch. Sketch c. Material 8. Add Slope b. False 5. Change the direction of the roof. Footprint b. place a check mark next to: a. d. ENTER 4. c. Defines Slope c. extrusion. pick d. Footprint. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. TAB b. DEL d. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Walls. Turn slopes on or off. To add a slope to a roofline. SHIFT c. a. a. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. b. Create Slope d. face b. True b. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Lesson Plan 1.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create filled regions.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create material annotations. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11.

you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. In a residential building. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. In a commercial structure. After completing this lesson. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. floor. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . bathrooms. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. and special equipment. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements.Sections and Elevations . the location of special equipment. cabinetry. and tool racks. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. the kitchen. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.

Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Engineering. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. technology. This lesson relates to science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.

s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. on the long axis of the building. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. framing. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. and foundation plans. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and are properly cross-referenced. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. t Cross or transverse sections. across its narrower dimension.Sections and Elevations . as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.

such as framing connections and foundation details. partial. and steel.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

Sections and Elevations . 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows. For larger elevations. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s The position relationship between different elements. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.

Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. bushes. this is reversed. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. and so forth. The size of the object is listed first. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the titles assigned (North. however. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. You may. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. For siding. East. or methods of installation. cars. For a wood structure. Unnecessary Information Shades. South.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. people. Therefore. With interior elevations. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. shadows. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere." Mfr. For example. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. followed by any additional information about spacing. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. quantity. and then the name of the material. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans.

or MDF. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. and types of finish materials used. other openings. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". which is a formed pressboard. tile. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . finished floor-to-ceiling heights.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. It may have curves. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood.Sections and Elevations . doors. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Hinges are concealed. shelf arrangements. and lip. coving. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. It can also be used around doorways and windows. This is usually done using a topset. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. doors and direction of door swings. or a baseboard. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. windows. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. casements. and other appliances. and materials used. The trim is usually glued into place. flush overlay. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. chamfers. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. and special equipment such as toilets. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Molding is usually made of plaster. or decorative patterns. wood. This is more costly than regular overlay. dishwashers. or linoleum) and the wall. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets.

Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. you will be able to: s Create a new section view.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. which you can then add to a sheet. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. and a section symbol on all plans. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Change the section head. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. s Add slope annotations. s Create and add notes to a detail section.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces.Sections and Elevations . and math standards. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Math (STEM). the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. A section is a horizontal view. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Technology. This lesson relates to science. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Once created. like an elevation. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. engineering.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. For example. elevation. or other section view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view.

it includes a crop region to resize the view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations .

A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Details are crucial for effective construction. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. such as anchor bolts and siding. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. So.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. In a set of construction documents. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Once you create the detail section. In the example shown. s Add detail notes. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Add breaklines as needed. which is spoken as 2 in 12. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. s Add structural details. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12.

try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations .

Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 2. On the View tab. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 3. The Section command is available from the View tab. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Create panel. Create a Section View 1. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The completed exercise 6. click Section. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the file ADA_Sections.rvt.

The actual location is not critical. Section Properties 1. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 2. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 3. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. On the Properties palette. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. and it has control grips to resize it. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. With the section line selected. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. This is called the crop region.Sections and Elevations . s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing.

4. In the Properties palette. The view is listed in your Project Browser. 6. change Far Clip Offset to 10. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you automatically created a section view.rvt. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 8. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. When you drew the section line. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Clear Crop Region Visible. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Sections and Elevations s 313 . 5. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The section view updates. In this exercise. 7.

They include Section Head . 6. 7. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.rfa. On the Insert tab. Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 2. On the Manage tab.Filled.No Arrow. 3. Several section head families are available. 5. Click OK.1 point Filled. The view does not change. and Section Head . Load from Library panel.Sections and Elevations . Click Open to load the family. click Load Family. click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Settings panel. enter Open Arrow. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. For Name. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. In this exercise.rvt. Select Section Head-Open. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. For Section Head. Click OK. Save as Unit8_section_open. In the Section Tag field. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 9. The section head updates to the new head type. In this exercise. For Name. 12.rvt. enter Open Arrow.8. Sections and Elevations s 315 . you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 14. select Open Arrow.Open. Click Duplicate. Select the section line. 11. 10. click Edit Type. Click OK. 13. select Section Head .

Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 5. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 3. select the border of the callout. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 6.rvt. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Create panel. 2. To reposition the callout head. 4. On the Options Bar.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Callout. Use the image below for guidance. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". This is a building section.

and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 8. as shown. detail components. but not strongly. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Options Bar. select Chain. 3. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill.7. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Line is selected automatically. Detail panel. On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. You can add detail lines. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view.rvt. 2. 1. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. click Region > Filled Region. Sections and Elevations s 317 . region patterns. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Annotate tab. 4. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly.

Sections and Elevations . 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. On the Properties palette. Select the upper and right side lines. Click OK. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. 6. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. enter Earth. 7. For Name.5. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.

the filled region may appear as solid fill. On the Annotate tab. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 1.8. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 9. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.rfa. select Finish (green check). From the Fill Pattern list.Section. Detail panel. click Load Family. Click OK. 2. Click Open. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. If you zoom in closer. the pattern becomes visible. On the Mode panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 3. On the Place Detail Component tab. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects.

Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Click OK. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.4.Sections and Elevations . 5. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. In the Specify Types dialog box. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

6. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Move it after placement if necessary. 7. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Add another Detail Component. 8. select Plywood. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list. Using the image below for guidance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Sections and Elevations s 321 .

From the Type Selector.Sections and Elevations . 11. Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 12. Select the vertical plywood. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. On the Properties palette. Click Component > Detail Component. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Click Modify.9. set the Thickness to 3/4". Use the image below for guidance. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 10. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. This component represents the subflooring. select anchor bolt.

select Multiple.13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. Use the image below for guidance. select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. Add another Detail Component. Click Modify. 14.

Start at the end of the siding. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Wide Lines. click Detail Line. 16.Sections and Elevations . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 2. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Save the file. From the Line Style Selector. Add Detail Lines 1.15. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.3. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Zoom out. 4. 5. Sections and Elevations s 325 . click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Still using Wide Lines.

Save the file. Right-click. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Next. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. The wall display updates. select the Material field in row 3. 9. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Add Insulation 1. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. click Insulation. 10. identified as Wall material 1. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 2. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Select the wall so it highlights.Sections and Elevations . Click Edit in the Structure field. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Detail panel.6. 7. 8. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.

From the Type Selector. On the Annotate tab. 3. Your view should resemble the image shown. 1. select Break Line. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Sections and Elevations s 327 . The component snaps to the middle of the wall.2. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel.

7. Click Zoom to Fit. The Detail Component tool is still active. In this exercise. You place another breakline. 5. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Place the breakline as shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and detail components to it. detail lines. To complete the detail. Save the file. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. you created a detail section view and added filled regions.Sections and Elevations . Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. The view should resemble the image shown. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted.4. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). 6.

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 2. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. and ventilation methods in construction documents. To add notes. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. 1. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . The border around the view will disappear. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. weatherproofing. With nothing selected in the view.rvt. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). s Clear Annotation Crop. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The size of the object is listed first. or methods of installation. quantity.

Sections and Elevations . Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 7. Move the pointer up 11.4" WEATHERING. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow.4. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 12. 6. click Two Segments. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . R13. 10. 8. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. click Text. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Finally. Text panel. From the Type list. 5. On the Annotate tab. As you pull your cursor to the right. On the Format panel. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 9. insulation. leader arrow as shown.

Sections and Elevations s 331 . as the second line of text. 16. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Click off the text to finish the entry. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.C. 15. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.. is an acronym for On Center. . Start the next text at the floorboard.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.TYPE X. O. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C. Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. CONT is short for Continuous. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Start the next text at the interior wall. 14. 20.C. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 17. Enter 5/8" GWB . 19. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 18.13.

Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Note: CONC signifies concrete. 22.. 23. Click Modify. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click Zoom to Fit. Click ENTER to start a second line. 21.Sections and Elevations . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rvt.

6. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. or elevation view. and locate the detail view on it. highlight Sheets. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 3. In this exercise. click Load. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In the Project Browser. section. you will want to add the views to a sheet.rvt. The new sheet becomes the current view. Right-click. 5. 4. Click New Sheet. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Locate the A-Landscape.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 2. Highlight your title block. Click Open.

9. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. close to the crop border. Click the control at its left end. Drag it to the right. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. click Show Crop Region.7. 8. click Hide Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . Select a Level Line. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Project Browser.

13. highlight the new sheet. Right-click. enter S. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Rename. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.301. For Name. s Modified the label values in the title block. In the Project Browser. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.rvt. you: s Created a new sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK. For Number. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 12. 11. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 335 .10.

The elevation markers are now visible.Sections and Elevations .rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Add slope indication for roof. Select Elevations. When you create a project with a template. south. four elevation views are included: north. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Click OK. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Open ADA_Elevations. s Add any necessary dimensions. east. 6. It is defined by the green dotted line. 2. Right-click. 5. Click Zoom to Fit. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add material notes. and west. s Set the display for building components as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 4.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 3. 2. Click the Annotations tab. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.

On the Modelling tab. Click OK to exit the dialog box. clear Sections. Next. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 5. 3. clear Planting.2. On the Annotations tab. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the View Control Bar. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 4.

Select the wall. Select the Material field for Layer 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. In this exercise. Click the button that displays to select a material. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . modified its display. 11.Exterior Stucco.Sections and Elevations . 9. 8. click to open the list. select Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. It will be identified as Condo . you activated an elevation view. and modified the wall display characteristics. Select Sand. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes.rvt. In Surface Pattern. click Edit Type.7. 12. 13. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 10.

you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The size of the object is listed first. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. quantity. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 2.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Enter TX. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 3. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 4. Add a note for the stone wall. Add a note for the foundation.rvt. In the Type Selector. or methods of installation. 5.

Add a note for the roof. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 9. 7.rvt. Add a note for the exterior stucco. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the brick wall. 8.6. In this exercise. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Sections and Elevations s 341 . 6. enter 1/8". from the Slope Representation list. 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Options Bar. 4. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. For Offset from Reference. 5. Click to select the roof line. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. click Spot Slope. select Triangle. Click again to locate the slope indicator.rvt. 3. 2.

Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.7. Click Modify. 11. Dimension panel. Click to locate the slope indicator. 10. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 9.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click to select the roof line. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

select wall breaks and levels.12. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Sections and Elevations s 343 . you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. 13. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and vertical dimensions.rvt. leaders. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. slope indicators. In this exercise. The west elevation now contains material notes. Arrange notes. 14. and dimensions for clarity. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension.

In the Project Browser. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Right-click.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.rvt. This view was already defined in the drawing. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. 3. In this exercise. special closets. Highlight the view. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Click Open View. 2. Click Find Referring Views. equipment rooms. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. and cabinetry. dimensions.Sections and Elevations . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. kitchens. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view.

The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. click Aligned. Sections and Elevations s 345 . 6. On the Annotate tab. In the Name box. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Right-click. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. s s s s Click Duplicate. 5. Dimension panel. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click the value field for Units Format 8. click OK. Select Suppress 0 Feet. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. 7.4. Clear Use Project Settings.

detail the interior section. In this exercise. Using the Text and Dimension tools. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.rvt. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.9. You modified a dimension style. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 10.Sections and Elevations . 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Not in Contract c. General Questions 1. Either one. s Create material annotations. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Show the relationships between elements. False 3. The direction the structure is facing. b. c. Indicate the location of doors and windows. True b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . All of the above 5. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Nobody in Charge d. b. Walls c. is always the true orientation. Not in Concrete b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. such as north. Cabinetry d. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Create slope annotations. 4. it depends. All of the above. 2. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The direction the viewer is facing. c. s Create filled regions. d. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Create a section view.

The boundaries of the view. 4. a. Filled regions with hatch patterns d.Sections and Elevations .Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. c. but not a 6. a. d. North 3. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . False 5. c. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. b. The height of the view. On the View tab. The detail level of the view. Right-click. True b. Element properties c. False 2. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. West c. you use: a. b and c. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Which elevation is it? a. The Visual Style of the view. Click Add View. East b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. d. True b. Sun and Shadow b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. South d. The dotted line indicates: a. click Sheet Composition > View.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. 6. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 5. s Reformat a schedule. 2. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. s Load a schedule tag. Review Schedules. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Export a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 4.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules .

column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Some of these building objects include. Math (STEM). and math standards. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. height. such as reference number. About Schedules s 351 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and Language Arts. engineering. width. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and thickness. about the building objects in your architectural plan. technology. This lesson relates to science.

some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Instance. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. There are different types of schedule tables. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. However. the same primary information is included. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. depending on the style of the architectural firm. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.Schedules . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). and A for appliances. E for electrical. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.Schedules . Like schedules. Other letters are P for plumbing. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. The following image shows door. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . window. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. However. A circle. hexagon. Using the software. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.

Technology. Schedules s 355 . s Create a room schedule. technology. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. materials. rooms. and Language Arts. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add room tags. Schedules list items such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). hardware. Engineering. engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. equipment. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Project templates include preset schedules. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. s Export a schedule. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. windows.

Open ADA_Window_Schedules. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.Schedules . you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.rvt. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. and you set the schedule to display totals. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. 2.

and Width. 4. Level. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Schedules s 357 . Height. select Comments.s Window Tag 5. 3. Continue to add fields to the schedule. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 7. Type Mark. 6. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In Available Fields. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click Add. Add Count. Select Windows from the list. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. On the View tab.

358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . from left to right. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules .8. Click OK to finish the schedule. 9. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Select the fields.

Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. but without any useful calculations yet. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Schedules s 359 .Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. select Type Mark. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Select Blank Line. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 2. From the Sort By list. 3. 1.

In the Project Browser. you can have the schedule report this. 1. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. click the schedule name. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. in the Then By sorting field. 4. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 2. 3.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. select Level. Rather than make a manual calculation. in this case). clear Itemize Every Instance. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the Properties palette.Schedules . for Sorting/ Grouping. Notice how the schedule has changed. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. click Edit.

Save as Unit9_window_schedule.5. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Count. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Footer. From the list. 6. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. The totals for each window type now display.rvt. In this exercise. click Edit 7. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. select Title. Schedules s 361 . s Set the schedule to display category totals. and Totals.

click Overwrite the Existing Version. Click Open. Room size. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.rvt. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. based on the amount of space in each room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. click Room > Room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 5. 2. 3. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.Schedules . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. occupancy. In this exercise. ceiling type. Locate the file named Room Tag. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. floor type. 4. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Room & Area panel. Open ADA_Room_Tags. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. On the Home tab.

On the Home tab. 6. and in the hall as shown. Schedules s 363 . select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Room & Area panel. 7. 8. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. click Room > Room Separation Line. a total of 7. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule.In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.

The room tag updates. click Room. 12. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The area value for Room 7 updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select Room #2.Schedules . 10. 13. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below.9. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Click Modify. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. An edit box activates. On the Room & Area panel. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 11. s Click the Room text.

for Name.14. s Tagged various objects. enter Sales.rvt. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Changed room tag field values. 15. you: s Loaded a room tag. Schedules s 365 . Save the file as Unit9_rooms. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Added a room separation. On the Properties palette. In this exercise.

The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The completed exercise 5. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. enter Square Footage Report. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click OK. Set the Sort By value to Number. Click Add--> after each selection. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.rvt. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. On the View tab. Create panel. Name. 4.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Create a Room Schedule 1. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. In the Available Fields pane. For Name. 6. and Area to be included in your schedule. 3.Schedules . select Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 2. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order.

7. In the Format dialog box. s Select Calculate Totals. clear Use Project Settings. Select Grand Totals. Click OK. s Set Alignment to Right. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click the Formatting tab. 9. 8. s Click Field Format. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Highlight the Area field. 10. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the Heading to No. Highlight the Number field. Schedules s 367 .

11. s Totaled one of the columns. you: s Created a room schedule. In this exercise. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.rvt. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.Schedules . 12.

2. Click Save. 5. locate the file you created. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications.rvt. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. you export the room schedule to a text file. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters.txt) file. 3. 6. Click OK. Schedules s 369 . Double-click it to open it. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. You can then use this file in other applications. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Browse to a directory to save your report. Note the formatting that has been applied. Using your Windows Explorer. On the application menu. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. The file is created. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 4.

Schedules . you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 8.

False 4. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. s Export a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Type b. c. s Load a schedule tag. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. 2. True b. b. Questions 1. What is a schedule table? a. Instance 3. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Matrix d. A list of information that defines specific building objects. None of the above. True b. a. s Place a schedule tag. A list of sheets used in a project. a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Quantity c.

XLS c. Annotate b. Home d. CSV d. a. a. TXT b. Modify 2. Manage tab 3. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Application menu d. View c. View tab c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Annotate tab b. use the ____ . To export a schedule.Schedules . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 4. 2. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 3. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.

Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. or camera on a path. s Apply shading to a view. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Finally. s Create a raytrace rendering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add planting components. you create a walkthrough. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Export a DWG file. s Export a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Math (STEM). you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Assign materials. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization . s Place a camera. s Orient walls and windows. s Play a walkthrough. and Language Arts. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. After completing this lesson. Engineering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.

courseware datasets. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s s 2. Open Unit2_custom_family. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. To prepare your model for rendering. Click Zoom to Fit. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows.rvt. Assign materials. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You worked on animations. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. s Make a camera view the active view.

The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.Visualization . The walls now display layers of materials. Select any exterior wall. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 4. If you do not see any change in the wall display.3. Stud. The wall display updates. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 5. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Right-click. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 6. Select one of the exterior walls.

select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Click Change wall's orientation. Repeat the process for the windows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Visualization s 377 . Open the Default 3D view. 8.7. Right-click. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. On the Properties palette. you can: s s s 9. Select walls. 10. In addition to using the control arrows. Click OK. Select the toposurface object. Select Site: Grass.

Click OK in any notices and warnings. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view.FBX). 12.rvt. for Files of type. Select the file name. click Import > Import. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. On the application menu. and click Open. you have completed this exercise. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Save the file as Unit10_Export. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Export > FBX. select Autodesk (*. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Note the file location. This will filter the file list. Select the Roof. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Depending on your system resources.11. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 3. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design. On the application menu.Visualization . Export the Model to FBX 1. 2. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design.

Open or return to Revit. 2. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Export the Model to DWG 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. There is no way to update it from Revit. open Unit10_Export. Visualization s 379 . Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. 3. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. you have completed this exercise. click Next.4.rvt. Close the file without saving. If necessary. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file.

Select the file name. click Attach This File. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click References > File Link Manager. Click Open. 6.4. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.Visualization . Select two windows as shown. 5.rvt. 8. 9. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 7. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. If necessary.max. Open 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Close the File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager . click File. Open or return to Revit. open Unit10_Export. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. On the application menu.

Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". The windows have updated.10. 12. In the dialog box. 13. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. On the application menu. Save the export file using the same name as before. Open the 3D view. 11. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Visualization s 381 . Save the file.

s Changed a material definition. The linked file updates. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 15. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The windows have changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Open the File Link Manager. Open the Files tab. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.Visualization . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Close the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows.14. In this exercise. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click Reload.

In this exercise. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. generate a rendering.rvt. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Create panel. you place a camera in a model. click Camera. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. 2. On the View tab. and create a second rendering. 3. Open Unit10_Export. If you place the camera too close to the model. Visualization s 383 . Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. as shown. change materials. Place a Camera 1. Open the Site view.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model.

select Very Few Clouds.Visualization . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Render Setup 1. On the View Control Bar. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Return to the perspective view. Right-click. The camera will be visible. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 5. 7. click Show Rendering Dialog.4. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 2. Open the Site view again. 6. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. The camera perspective view opens. Click Show Camera. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If necessary.

Click Render. Model Site panel.30' approximately as shown. s Click Render. Output Settings. and Lighting. Open the Site view. Visualization s 385 . 2. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Enhance the Model 1. 3. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open view 3D View 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. On the Massing & Site tab. click Site Component. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. s Click Render to create a new rendered image.3.

4. 6. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Save to Project dialog box.4. In the Materials list. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click Edit Type. click Save to Project. On the Properties palette. 5. and you can now select elements for editing. click Show the Model. In the Layer 1 Material field. Select an exterior wall. The model displays in the view. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 3. Select the roof. click OK. On the Properties palette. Revit places the image in its own view. 2.Visualization . 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Edit Type. 5. In the Rendering dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. Change Materials 1. select Roofing .Wood Shake.

Click Replace. Visualization s 387 . 8. Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. 9. Select the icon next to Masonry .10.

13. click Save to Project. s Placed site planting components in the model. The new image is placed in its own view. 12.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Created a raytrace setup. In this exercise.rvt.11. 14. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Save the file as Unit10_render. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Render. s Generated and captured a render image. In the Rendering dialog box. 15. s Edited materials in model components. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 16. Select Masonry . Click OK. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.Visualization . s Generated and captured a second render image.

The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. and exported individually.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. in a project model. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. or frame. 3. s Right-click. To place a key frame.rvt. Visualization s 389 . The cursor changes to a crosshair. Create panel. Open Unit10_render. s Right-click again. click 3d View > Walkthrough. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. Click Zoom to Fit. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Open floor plan view Level 1. click to the left of the model as shown. or walkthroughs. The camera and path can be edited. 4. Click Zoom Out (2x). Each view. 2. s View the animation in a media player. s On the View tab. In this exercise. s Edit the camera and path. rendered. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file.

Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. click Edit Walkthrough. 7. The Options Bar changes. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . so that the camera is pointing at the model. 11. click Finish Walkthrough. Walkthrough panel. 6. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 10. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Repeat for all the key frames. Drag it to the left. The camera is located on the final key frame. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Select the direction control for the camera.Visualization . Walkthrough panel.5. 8. 9.

Check the view in several key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Drag the path away from the model as shown. From the Controls list. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. click Next Key Frame. 2. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 13. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 3.12. If camera positions distort. Click Edit Walkthrough. Click Open. The path displays control dots at key frames. select Path. On the Walkthrough panel. Visualization s 391 . Edit the Walkthrough 1.

click OK. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window. In the Video Compression dialog box. Click OK. File Name. 4. select a video compression method to hold down file size. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Click Save. Revit generates the external AVI file.rvt. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Export the Walkthrough 1. In the Length/Format dialog box. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. On the application menu. notice where you save the file.Visualization . 3. Click Play.Play the Walkthrough 1. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 2.

6.5. Double-click the new file name. It plays in your media player. Visualization s 393 . Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.

s Edited the path. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the animation file in a media player.7. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.Visualization . save the Revit Architecture file. If you have made changes to the building model. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

False 2. you use: a. Questions 1. View > Shading d. Flip Orientation d. True b. s Apply shading to a view. Align c. s Place a camera. s Assign materials. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. a. a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Split b. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Export an FBX file. s Add planting components. Export > FBX 3. you use: a. s Export a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Save As > FBX c. Print to File b. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. a. s Create a raytrace rendering. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export a DWG file. Demolish 2. True b.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . Lesson Plan 1. 2.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 3. In the following exercises. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . beams. you learn how to place structural columns. beams and braces. Review structural columns. and braces. beam systems. 5. foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 6. 4. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.

Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and other structural elements will be located in a building.Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. Knowing where structural members. especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. walls. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.

Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place beam systems and braces. Create column grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. Structural s 401 .

The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. As with columns. In this exercise.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Select a floor. or concrete. 3. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. They come in types defined by size and shape. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. Beams connect columns or walls. Open Deck Framing. On the View Control Bar. On the Build panel of the Home tab. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. wood.Structural . wood. spans without walls. 2.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. 1. click Column > Structural Column. beams can be steel. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. In residential construction. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. often mainly glass. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. or reinforced concrete. Structural columns can be steel. this is known as post and beam construction.Hide Category.

In the Type Selector. 6. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Structural s 403 .4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. On the Options Bar. 8. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. and 4B. click Depth. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. On the View Control Bar. 7. 3A. 5. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the edge of the left floor to select it.

In the Project Browser. 10. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click Hide In View > Element. Open Plan View Deck Framing. rail. Click OK. Click OK. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. The columns are now hidden by the floors.9. 2. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Right-click. 11. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Place Beams 1.Structural . 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and columns clearly.

On the Structure tab. In the Type Selector. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.3. Click. click Beam. 4. 5. select Chain. On the Options Bar. Structure panel. s In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. To place beams: Structural s 405 . select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10.

6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 7. Click.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify. Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. On the Properties palette. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

If a Warning dialog box that opens.rvt. Click Modify. 11. Click OK. Click. click Make Wall Bearing. Structural s 407 .8. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. 9. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Save the file as Deck Beams. click Beam. 12. Structure panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. as shown. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. In this exercise. Click on grid intersection B4.

distance. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click the beam on Grid 1. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Beam System. 3. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Sketch Beam System. The completed exercise 5. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. you: s Place beam systems. click Pick Supports. In this exercise. Place Beam Systems 1. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Open Deck Beams.rvt. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. On the Structure tab. 4. 2. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears.Structural . This is the direction indicator for the beam system. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Structure panel. click No. s Place braces. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. or number of beams in a bay.

as shown. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Draw a line on the face of the wall. click Line. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. 7. On the Draw panel. Structural s 409 .

set Elevation to -0'-9". To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Trim as necessary. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s s On the Draw panel. click Create Similar. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s 9. 11. Click Finish. click Pick Supports.8. click Finish (green check). Click the beam on Grid 2. click Line. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.6". On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens.Structural .2". On the Properties palette. 10. s s s On the Draw panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.

as shown. On the View Control Bar. Click to place the elevation. unlike regular elevations. On the View tab. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. On the Structure tab. 2.Place Braces 1. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 5. Open Plan View Deck Framing. It has an automatic work plane. click Brace. Create panel. 3. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. 4. Structural s 411 . In the Project Browser. Structure panel. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids.

In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 8. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.6. Repeat the brace going right to left. to start the brace. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Click Modify. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the Type Selector.

Structural s 413 . 11.10.rvt. s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.

Pull the cursor straight up. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. The exact length is not critical. The numbering automatically increments. This is a common step early in designing a large building. and section views. as shown. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. The exact location is not critical. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. beams. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. click Grid. but they can also be angular and radial. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. elevation. In this exercise. 2. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. s s In the view window. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. You can change a grid number at any time. Grid datasets. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. and walls. In plan views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Datum panel. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical.

The Grid tool is still active. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". 4. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 .3.

click to place the grid line. Pull the cursor to the left. s Select Grid Line 2. Click to start a grid line. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. 6. The new grid line is number 5. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The new grid line will be number 3. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Press ENTER. click Copy. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Enter A at the keyboard. Pull the cursor to the right. Press ENTER. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. close to the heads. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 7. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid.Structural . Repeat to create grid line 4. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point.5.

The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Select grid 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.8. Grid 2.1 is still selected. s Click to place the grid line. On the grid line. This grid line will be number B. 11. Structural s 417 . Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. The Grid tool is still active. 9. 10. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Change the number to 2. s Click Copy. This completes the main grid. click the elbow control to place an offset. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.

Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Create panel. 3. select Center-Ends Arc. In the Radius field. click Grid. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". click Pick. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Change the number to EE.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. set Offset to 15'-0". On the Draw panel. Press ENTER. 4. On the Draw panel. s Click to start the grid line. On the Home tab. enter 15. Zoom to Fit. On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. click Radius. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place the grid head.Structural . Click in the new grid bubble.000 o . s s Click grid intersection D3. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.

Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click to place grid FF. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 6. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Structural s 419 . 7. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls.5. You will need to identify it easily.

420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.000. Enter 31 to change the name. Zoom to Fit. 11. s In this exercise. s Select grid 3. Click to place the grid line. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Click grid intersection D3. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Click in the new grid bubble. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.Pick Axis.8. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.Structural . click Mirror . To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Revit will create grid 32. s Select grid 31. s 10. 9. Press ENTER. click Create Similar. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.

Now you place columns at grid intersections. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. you typically create a grid. s Use a column grid to place beams. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s 3. As a result. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. s Change a grid layout. click Column > Structural Column. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structure panel. s Add footings to columns. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In this exercise. Structural s 421 .Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. 2. In the Type Selector. This is a steel column.

s s On the Options Bar. 2. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . C and D. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. B. 3. click Finish. 4. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 6.Structural . On the Multiple panel. A. 5. In the Multiple panel. click At Grids. 4. set Height to Level 3.

click On Grids. Structural s 423 . 2. On the Multiple panel. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". and beams will move to the right. 4.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Click Grid 1. click Beam. columns. The grid. click Finish. Window-select all the grid lines. Zoom to Fit. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. 5.

In the view window.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 1. On the Quick Access toolbar.Structural . click No. click Finish. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 6. click Isolated. 2. 3. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. click Undo. window-select all the columns. Open the Default 3D view. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Columns and beams will move to the right. 4. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. click At Columns.

5. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". in the Type Selector. A warning displays. 6. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. The footing changes size. Structural s 425 . Click OK. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 7. To change the size of the footing. s On the Properties palette.

In this exercise. s Added footings to columns. s Used a column grid to place beams.Structural .8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Save and close the file. s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

True b. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Questions 1. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beam systems. False Summary/Questions s 429 . you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Add footings to columns. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Change a grid layout. Brace c. s Place braces. Beam d. All of the above. Column b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. 2.

columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. Select a beam type and define the system layout. d. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Properties c. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. If you relocate a grid line. Pick points. True b. To change the height of a column. Select the type of beam or column to place. b. d. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . False 4. Use grid lines and grid intersections. a. you use: a. 2. c. A and B. A but not B. a. To create a beam system.Structural . Stretch b. All of the above. True b. 3. 5. you can: a. When placing columns or beams.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. you: a. Flip Orientation d.

Poway High School. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Instructor. Smith . Milwaukee.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Inc. Ltd.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . CA Ronald A Williams. Starkweather . Poway.Director.Teacher.org Project Lead the Way. Mathematics. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Susan Harrington .iteaconnect. South Division High School.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. PE .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Randy Dymond. WI Roger Dohm . International Technology Education Association www.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Copyright s 431 .Executive Director.

this publication. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. CA 94903. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. product names. Inc. INC.. Inc. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. All rights reserved.. Inc. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk.” AUTODESK. Published by: Autodesk. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . 2010 Autodesk. “AS IS. AutoCAD. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. or parts thereof. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. for any purpose. Autodesk Revit MEP. Trademarks Autodesk. All rights reserved. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Inventor. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. AutoCAD MEP. may not be reproduced in any form. Inc. INC. AutoCAD Civil 3D. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. All other brand names. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. by any method.© 2010 Autodesk. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Inc.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful