Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections.

The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. You can add building elements in plan. roofs. furniture. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. stairs. elevation.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and 3D views. floors. windows. section. Other building elements such as doors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown.While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the illustration shown. or at any time after.

If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools . 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM).Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. engineering. technology. Engineering. s Constrain placement of objects. s Place a predefined Mass family. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

roofs. and then converted into building components such as floors. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. or masses. owner. such as distance requirements from roadways. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. There are mass families available to load into a project. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. A designer.Software Tools . 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you can create in-place masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. and curtain systems. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. walls. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. quickly. size.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools .

you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. or within.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

legends. and math standards. Math (STEM). Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . s Explain the use of dimensions. engineering. and Language Arts. technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Recognize temporary dimensions. This lesson relates to science. tags. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and symbol heads. Annotation includes text notes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Each symbol family file (*.Software Tools .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. radial. or angular. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Software Tools .

y. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Options Bar. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Math (STEM). s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. engineering. the Type Selector. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. and Language Arts. and math standards. s Work with tool buttons. Technology. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. This lesson relates to science. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Software Tools .Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

beams. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. and rooms. doors. windows. Some commands will not be active (that is.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. for instance. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. Display and Navigation s 31 . You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

structural walls. columns. and foundations. trusses. slabs. and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. braces. detailing. symbols. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Display and Navigation s 33 .The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension.

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Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.Software Tools . and parameters. materials.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Open. Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New. and Close.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

sheets. and groups. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.Software Tools . with four elevation markers visible. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. families. Legends. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

and a selection filter counter at the far right end. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. click the User Interface button located on the View tab.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.Software Tools . sun settings. A check mark indicates it is visible. View Control Bar View scale. visual style. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. rendering (in 3D views). Windows panel on the ribbon. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. cropping. shadow display. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. level of detail.

but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Select the desired view scale from the list.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Display and Navigation s 43 .

Hidden Line is the default. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

which can be according to the view.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time. or by global location. sun and shadow intensity. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows.

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. along with other display settings. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. enabling you to select them.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 55 . Structure.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Collaborate. Insert. Annotate. To activate or open a view. Massing & Site. View. Manage and Modify. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.

Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

a context tab opens on the ribbon. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. If you select items in the view window. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette. showing options that you can select while you are working. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. When a context tab is active. Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . In 3D views. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Click a file name to open that file. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open. New File. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. File Save. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. the application menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . and Publish.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files. The application menu contains file management controls. Print. Export.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. If you select the menu option. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The completed exercise 4. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Navigation s 67 .Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Do this for other tabs. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. 3. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. or click New > Project from the application menu. To start a new project. On the ribbon. make the Home tab active. 2. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. After you have examined each of them. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window.

7. Select Cycle Through All. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Icons for panels display below tab titles. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. you opened a project file. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving. and then viewed. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.5. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display.Software Tools . Click the panel title to display the individual tools. In this exercise.

2. Open quick_start_building_elements.rvt. In the Project Browser. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Exercise 2. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . You worked on this file in Getting Started.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view.

and windows highlight blue.3. doors. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. On the Properties palette. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 4. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements.Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible. Click Filter panel > Filter. 8. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 7. Click any interior wall. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click OK. 6. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Clear Walls and Doors. 5. . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. all the walls.

On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Click any door. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. click Create panel > Create Similar. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. you opened a project file. 12. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. 10. Place a door as shown. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. 11.9. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Display and Navigation s 71 .rvt. examined the menus and toolbars. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.

mechanical equipment). drafting views. Component families include model objects (furniture.Software Tools . lines. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. and Language Arts. Engineering. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. ceiling plan. System families include levels. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Math (STEM). and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. annotations. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Create a new in-place family. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You can create sections. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Work with Revit families. templates. Revit provides floor plan. schedules. and 3D views using the View menu. either predefined or user-created. and views. s Load and place component families. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. In the exercises. building elements (walls. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. operating settings. floors). Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and elevation views by default. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. display controls. Pan.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . technology. and math standards.This lesson relates to science. engineering.

Click Zoom to Fit. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Open Unit2_building_elements.rvt. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. VG also opens the dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Rightclick in the view window. Click the Annotation Categories tab. 3. 2. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. is an extensive database. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The display changes.Software Tools . 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is no way to see everything in it. Click Zoom to Fit. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Four elevation markers are visible. Right-click. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click OK. First. The elevation markers disappear from the view. There is also a copy in the course datasets. even a small one.

Click Open. Enter ZF. Select Detail Level: Medium. Zoom to Fit. 5. Click and drag the cursor as shown. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. 7. In the Project Browser. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Right-click. Select the roof outline. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. There are two parts to an elevation. On the View Control Bar. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click.4. so be sure to select them both. Click Zoom In Region. 6. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . click Detail Level.

click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors and windows are not shown. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. as before. View Properties 1. Click Zoom to Fit. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.8. 2. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.Software Tools . On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Enter VH. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. On the Properties palette. change the Underlay value to None.

The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. For Name. Right-click. Click OK. enter Roof.0". Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click Rename. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. and where the cut plane sits. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Next to View Range.3. Set the cut plane value to 7' . 4. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. the ridge is now visible. click Edit.

select Still. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. under Solar Study. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 2. 3. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Accept the location that activates. select Shadows On. Set the time to 9:30 am. 5. select Shading with Edges. select Winter Solstice. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. In the Presets list. 4.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. Open Elevation view South. In the dialog box that opens.

Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.rvt. In this exercise.

Open Unit2_views. such as levels. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. and families in place. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. There are system families. 2. In Revit. and furniture. These components are called families and there are several different types. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Home tab. and annotations are examples of standard families. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. you open an existing project file.rvt. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. doors and windows are dependent on walls). lights. Additionally. and use a Revit family to place a door. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Build panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. railings. commercial. is predefined within Revit. walls. and so on. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and floors. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. load. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. click Door. windows. and place Revit families. 3. windows. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Doors are considered standard family entities. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. furniture.Software Tools . except they are fully parametric and table-driven.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. standard families. This exercise illustrates how you locate. or institutional structures. or stand-alone (for example. Doors. You add closet doors to interior walls. roofs. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. s A system family. floors. furniture).

Locate Double Panel 2. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Click Open.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. If you highlight a door family. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. and Annotation. You click to place an instance of the door family. As you move your cursor near any wall. Click Open. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . 4. s s 6.rvt. Furniture. Tag panel. Family files have a file extension of *. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Accept the default size.rfa. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). 5. The Door Insertion tool stays active. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Project files have a file extension of *. It has a number of different sizes defined. Click the Doors folder.

you located. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. loaded. 9. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Place an instance of the door as shown. and placed instances of a door family. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 8. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. In this exercise. Place two more instances of the door as shown. simply click it. but not strongly. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.7.rvt.Software Tools .

Open Unit2_doors_walls. 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 4. and create an in-place family. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. This door needs to be 48" wide. modify a door family. click Duplicate. The required width is not available. 5. enter 48" x 80". The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.rvt. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box. you open an existing project file. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click OK. For Name. Select the double door as shown.

The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. For Name. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. is to create a component family in place. Click OK. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. On the Home tab. 2. enter Hall Clock. 4. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. select Generic Models. On the Properties palette. 1.6. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 3. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 5. Build panel. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The door updates. In the dialog box. Click OK.Software Tools . click Component > Model In-Place. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion.

Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . click Rectangle.2". and placed a door family. 10. 8. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). The exact dimensions and location are not critical.4" as shown.rvt. as shown. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 9. Click OK. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .6. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". In this exercise. 7. 11. The family model updates. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. you located.0' 2". Click Mode panel > Finish as before. You have created the base of the clock. On the Draw panel. Revit will display . 13. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. 12. loaded.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.Software Tools .

rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math. s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.

Each project has several predefined views. Spin the model in 3D space. True b. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. a. Create a 3D perspective view. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Either a or b. s Change type properties of a family. depending on the template selected. c. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. d. d. and Options Bar. b. True b. s Access. False 2. Zoom in Region is used to: a. To activate a view: a. Views can be renamed. s Adjust Visual Style Options. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. and place a family from a library. a. tab. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. 6. c. s Create an in-place model family. False 3. and click Open.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. context tabs. b. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Change view displays. Right-click.Software Tools . You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. True b. load. True b. a. The tool shown is used to: a. s Open different views. a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. Zoom to the entire model. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Change view properties. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Turn on Shadows. c. 7. Questions 1. d. False 4. False 5.

a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Pan and Zoom b. Standard b. Families 11. a. A family created within a project is called ________________. etc.) are called: a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Rotate c. System c. Properties palette 10. Scroll d. All of the above. depending on settings 9.8. Project Browser d. Blocks c. windows. Parts d. In-Place d. Multiview b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 3. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create a project template.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . you will be able to: s Select a project template. 7. 2. Lesson Plan 1. 9. s Set project units. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Create dimensions and text. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create labels.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 5. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 8. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block.

The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.aia. Explain why templates are used. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.aias. colors.org. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.Standards and Building Codes . Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. colors.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. linetypes. linetypes. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and the settings that are preset within them. Visit the AIA website at www. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and Language Arts. Many cities and counties have their own rules. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and so forth. Visit the AIAS website at www. defining the layers. should be used. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Engineering. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Math (STEM). based on the AIA standards.org.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. For example. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. A unit is a particular physical quantity. and one closet. defined and adopted by convention. a garage. a common area (such as a living room or family room). and so on. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. one window. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. it must have at least one door. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. windows.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. like mechanical drawing. and so on. the number being its numerical value. A garage must be completely enclosed. otherwise it is considered a carport. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. If it lacks any of these components. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit.Standards and Building Codes . a bathroom. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. If there is a fire. doors. it cannot be called a bedroom. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom.

There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. or imperial. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. its value is expressed in the unit meter. units are applied to dimensions. and other materials. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. also known as the International System of Units. in the United States. the construction industry still uses the English. The value of h expressed in the unit foot.. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. is 169 m. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. such as room size and wall height. is 555 ft. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. unit symbol m. Here h is the physical quantity. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. unit symbol ft. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555.. using imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. glass. In architectural drafting. However. Another method is to apply dual notation. system (inches and feet) to order lumber.For example.

LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".) 8. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. every 1/8" would represent 1'. and viewports. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.Scales are ratios. Each size is designated by a letter. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. one value representing another value. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).Standards and Building Codes . and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. In Revit Architecture. line weight and pattern. sheets. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale.

notes Demolition. and then add a title block or other symbols. elevators. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. site plan. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.01. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).01. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. The integers go from 0 to 9. You create and position views. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing.a modified version of the AIA standard. symbols.

Each building project must comply with a specific standard.Standards and Building Codes . followed by information on the building's owner. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. that is. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. and layer standards. and so on. Typically. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. so that the height is less than the width. Usually. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. fonts. the HVAC company. drawing scales. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The next space is for tracking revisions. The paper is oriented landscape. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. For example. the author of the drawing. the electrician. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. the date drawn. and other relevant information. The column is divided into sections. annotation plot sizes. The final sections are for the sheet title and number.

The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. title blocks. required symbols. dimension and text styles. and so forth. layer settings. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco.

These can be used to build your model. and walls. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . Math (STEM). windows. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. views. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. dimension styles.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Technology. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and Language Arts. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Settings s 101 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Condominiums. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In Revit. you create a new project file using a template. apartments. click New > Project. 2. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. 3. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Open Revit to an empty project file.Standards and Building Codes . 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A residential building is a single-family dwelling. click Browse. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Select a Template 1. you use templates as starting points. In the New Project dialog box. or store. On the application menu. factory.

Click Open.4. you started a new project file using a standard template. On the application menu.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. In this exercise. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Select the Residential-Default. Click OK. Settings s 103 . saving set up time. 5. 6. click Close to close this project without saving.

the drawing setup options are preset. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. click Wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 3.Standards and Building Codes . Pull the cursor to the right. In the courseware datasets folder. Click to start a new wall. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. open ADA__Settings. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Build panel. In this exercise. Press ESC to cancel the wall.rvt. In the Project Browser. expand Floor Plans under Views. The Wall tool remains active. The file opens to a 3D view. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.

Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.) 6. click to start a new wall. 8. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Settings s 105 . 7. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. 5. Place the cursor over the left wall. In this exercise. and move the cursor right.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Click Format for Length. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. s Set Unit symbol to m.4. Close the file without saving. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.

2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. or insert components. In the Type Properties dialog box. dimensions not only display. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . create. 4.Standards and Building Codes . 3.rvt. Open ADA_Dimensions. temporary and permanent. 1. click Edit Type. click Duplicate. there are two types of dimensions. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Dimension panel. On the Properties palette. enter Big Text. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Click OK. Temporary dimensions display when you select. but also control the size and location of objects. For Name. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. By default. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent.

7. s Set Text Size to 3/16". 6. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. and bottom horizontal walls. Click to place. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. left. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot.5. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Settings s 107 . s Click OK twice.

Standards and Building Codes . Close the file without saving. and far right vertical walls. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click to place the dimension. In this exercise. you opened an existing file. The Dimension tool stays active. created a new dimension style. upper. 9. s s s Select the far left. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.8. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.

place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the datasets folder. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. 2. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Notice the door and window tags. 3. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. There are no annotations visible. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan. These are annotations. Settings s 109 . Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.rvt.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In the Project Browser. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In order to do this.

turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 9. 8. In the Project Browser. 7. Click OK to update the display of this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.4. 1. In the Project Browser. Model Categories tab. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Click OK. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. On the Manage tab. Click Rename. Settings panel. click Project Information. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 5. Double-click to open it.Standards and Building Codes . Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture.

(Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Value column of Project Address. 3. You can also enter the address of your school. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. highlight the title block displayed in the list. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. 2. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click OK. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Settings s 111 . click Edit.Add a Sheet 1. 2. Click OK. Rightclick. Enter the address as shown.) 3.

It is automatically filled in when you place your views.4. Click Apply. Next. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Notice the change to the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Add a View to the Sheet 1. 5.Standards and Building Codes . In the Identity Data and Other sections. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.

Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select the new viewport. Right-click. Right-click in the view. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Settings s 113 . 3. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. 2. Select Add View to Sheet. Click Activate View. Select Deactivate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 4.

The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Placed a view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The view updates on the sheet. deselect it. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. of the sheet.5.Standards and Building Codes . you: select it. The Scale updates in the title block. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Place the cursor 7. s Added a sheet. 6. Finish the move.

The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8.5 title block template opens. 2. click New > Titleblock. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. On the application menu. 4.rft.5. Start Revit Architecture. It opens to the Recent Files window. A copy of the 11 x 8. 3. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Click Open. Settings s 115 . you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Standards and Building Codes . Accept the Sample Value.9.rfa. Add a label for Checked By. 11. s Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. 10. Your teacher may specify another location. On the Quick Access toolbar. Right-click. select Drawn By. On the application menu. 13. click Close. click Save to save the title block. Accept the Sample Value. 15. s Click Add. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 14. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.Landscape. Add a label for Sheet Number. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. In this exercise. 12. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the title block as A . You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. you created a title block using a template file.

click New to create a new project using the default template. In the Recent Files window. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Insert a Title Block 1. Click Open. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Settings s 125 . Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. and then load a custom title block into your project. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window. On the View tab. you create a new project file.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 5. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 3. Highlight the title block and click OK. 4. Locate your title block. 2.

6. 5. enter your name. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. enter Student Project Unit 3. 2. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 4. Click OK.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Select the title block. you a created a new project file. Settings panel. s For Drawn By. s For Checked By. 3. Click OK. Click OK. click Project Information. enter your instructor's name. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. Click Zoom to Fit.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. you define the title block. in addition to predefined wall types. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. select Project Template. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. 1. settings. and slope angle. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . you create a new project file. including how the rendered image looks. and geometry from the template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. On the application menu. Create a Template In this exercise. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. and the units for your custom template. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. such as 3D and plan views.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. angles. 3. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. click New > Project. In this exercise. In the New Project dialog box. Click OK. On the Insert tab. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. a dimension style. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. There are various settings you can define for your template. 2. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and then load them like families.

Click the Length field in the Format column. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . There will be no visible change. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. create a Dimension Style. click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. 6. 7. Set the units for the template. 10. Open the title block A . For Name. You create a custom dimension style. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK twice. 8. enter 3/16" Verdana.rfa. click Settings panel > Project Units. Next. 5.4. 9.Landscape.

15.11. 12. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Rightclick. select Sheets (All). The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click OK. In the Project Browser. Click OK. 14. Settings s 129 . Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Select the A . Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click New Sheet.

The title block updates. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. as well as dimension style and units. Click OK. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. and units that you defined. you created a new template file using a dimension style.Standards and Building Codes .rte.16. Save the file name as A-English template. You can use this template for future projects. Save your project template in your class project folder. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. title block. 17.

are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. or new combinations of existing materials. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format.

s Create text. 1:3 b.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . False 3. 1:24 d. a. English c. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. A. s Create a dimension style. s Create a text style. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.02 d. s Create a title block. AIA b. NCTM d. and symbols used in drawing? a. dimension styles. a. NCSESA 2. 1:12 c. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Set units in a file. a. S. s Create dimensions. An architect b. s Create labels. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A particular physical quantity. s Change lineweight. Using AIA Standards. s Change dimension colors. A unit 4. A. General Questions 1. is defined as what? a. s Create a template. Metric d. UBC c. 1:32 5. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule.Standards and Building Codes .02 b. P.05 c. True b.

Application menu > New > Sheet b. To create a new sheet. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. you click: a. False 4. Wall faces b. Wall midpoints d. a. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. To change the scale of a view. In Revit Architecture. a. Wall centerlines c. Application menu > Properties b. you use: a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. False 6. a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. To set the units in a project. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Point offsets 3. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. By default. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False Summary/Questions s 133 . dimensions snap to: a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Project Tools dialog box > Units d.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Trim and extend walls.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 6. s Define a wall structure. s Align walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 2. Lesson Plan 1. 3.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit.

Walls . Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. separate. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. their construction and materials. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or filling in between. and protect its interior spaces. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. them. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. List the different types of occupancy.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. After completing this lesson. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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4. As you continue to move the cursor. It will not print. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. an angular dimension displays. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Enter 10.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. a dashed line displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Click to set the endpoint.Brick on Mtl. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. the dimension updates incrementally.3. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. 5. After you create the wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Select the Single Line option. Stud. Walls s 151 . click it to open an edit field. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. indicating wall length. To modify a dimension. Clear the Chain option. but it disappears when you begin another action.

On the Modify | Walls tab. click Modify to stop placing walls.Walls . 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Click the wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. Depending on your zoom in the view. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Create panel. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. enter 7. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. the controls may sit on top of one another. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. 7. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Select panel. click Create Similar. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. 8. After setting the vertical wall's direction. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Press ENTER. click the Detail Level icon. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click to start the next wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. On the View Control Bar. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side.6.

9. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. release the mouse button to set a new length. no matter where you move the cursor. Click Modify. an alignment line displays. Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Also. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Select the right vertical wall. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. 10. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Walls s 153 . the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right.

154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 15. 13. Repeat. Build panel. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. When using the Chain option. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 14. This is the same as clicking Modify.11. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Click Cancel. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Select the lower vertical wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Sketch the walls as shown. 16. Right-click. 12. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. On the Home tab. click Wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls.Walls .

Clear the Chain option. Click Zoom to Fit. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Select the Three Point Arc tool. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. In this exercise. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Walls s 155 . Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift.rvt. 19. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Create Similar again. 17. Click Modify. 20.18. After clicking the second end. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR.

Walls . This exercise illustrates how to split. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. and extend walls.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. fillet. 3. Only part of the wall highlights. Split Walls 1. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. 4. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. The cursor changes to a razor blade. align. Click Modify. Both split walls are shown below. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. You now remove the upper right corner. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. To do this. Do the same for the vertical wall. 2. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls.rvt from the previous exercise. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. trim. you first split the walls at the intersections.

If you make a mistake. click Delete. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise.Fillet Walls 1. 3. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select any wall. Modify panel. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Create Similar. You can also click the flip control. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Create panel. select Radius. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Walls s 157 . 5. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 4. Click Fillet Arc. Enter 5'. On the Options Bar. On the Modify | Walls tab. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 2.

158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 3. Place an interior wall as shown. The Wall tool is still active. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.Walls . You align the wall in the next steps. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. select Basic Wall: Interior . 2.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 1.

You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. You can lock the alignment. Click to create a wall. Walls s 159 . such as location lines. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s On the Options Bar. The Wall Trim Tool 1. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. clear Chain.4.

The length is not critical. 2. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 3. Select the vertical wall as shown. This will extend to the border. 5. This will be the border.Walls . Select the horizontal wall as shown. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the two interior walls in turn. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.s Move the cursor to the left and click. The walls can cross. 6. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 4. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.

Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. align. In this exercise.rvt. fillet. Walls s 161 . and trim.

double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. On the Properties palette. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. 3.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 1. 2. Select the Exterior wall as shown. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. satisfy different requirements. In the Project Browser. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Edit Type. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.Walls . and vary in cost. The Modify tool is active by default.

8. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. s Select Finish 1 [4]. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. click Edit in the Structure value field. Every layer of a wall. When you are finished. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. For Name. Click OK. the wall structure should be as shown. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed.4. Click Insert twice. Walls s 163 . To edit the structure of the wall. s Click the arrow at the right. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 7. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click Up. except Core Boundary. s Click Down twice. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. has a Function you can edit. 5. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 6.

select Finishes . 13.9. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 10.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Modify the Function. s Click the icon that appears at the right.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.Exterior . which displays plan or section views. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Stud Layer. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 11.Walls . s Set the Material to Wood . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Material to Finishes . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 12. Material.

Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click Apply to update the view. 17. select Medium. 16. On the Properties palette. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. In the Project Browser. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected.14. Walls s 165 . Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 15. expand the Families branch. From the Detail level list. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.

select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. defined a new wall structure. Right-click 8" Exterior. 20. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . From the Type Selector list. In this exercise. You opened an existing file. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.Walls . you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Close the file without saving. 19.18. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.

Stud walls as shown.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . In this exercise. The model opens in a 3D view. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. 3. wood rails. and a decorated interior surface. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. you create and modify vertically compound walls. for example. You can define a wall type with these elements. 2. a structural mid-section.rvt. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Select one of the Exterior .Brick on Mtl. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Be sure to select the wall and not a window.

Click Split Region. 6. In this exercise. highlight one of the borders. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . into regions. 5. click Edit. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. 7. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 1. the new regions assume the same material as the original. As indicated in the dialog box title. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 8. You can split regions into other regions. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Wall structures are Type Properties. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 2. To split a layer or region horizontally. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. You can assign different materials to regions. To split a layer or region vertically. so all instances of this type change. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. You change the type. You can set the sample height to any value. either horizontally or vertically. or you will lose your changes. When you split a layer. in the Structure value field. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box.Walls .4. If not already expanded. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. To define the structure of the wall. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu.

After merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 3. When you merge regions. 1. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click to merge the two layers. Walls s 169 . Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.3. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Click Merge Regions. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds.Brick layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . assign Layer 1. Click to merge them. 4. Prehighlight a border between regions. The upper split disappears. Click to split the region into two parts. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. In this case. 2.

Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Next. 3. To create a new wall layer. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Click Insert. Change the value to 12. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. 1. you assign the material Masonry Brick . If you set the split offset down from the top. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Press ENTER. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. instead of down. Click the arrow to observe the behavior.Walls . the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. The dimension text turns blue. to the next parallel line. s Select the split line. 2. Click again to return to the original position. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Modify. 1. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. In the Edit dialog box. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click the temporary dimension text. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 4. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 3. After a region is split. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. indicating that it is modifiable. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 2. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior.

The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course. 8. It immediately highlights in blue. Click OK. Merge Region. 7. because it is now the selected layer. Modify. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. All walls of this type have been changed. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 10. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Close the file without saving. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Walls s 171 .Brick Soldier Course layer. as shown. In this exercise.4. Split Region. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Change the Material to Masonry . 5. Click OK. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . It also shows a thickness value. 9. 6. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. and Insert Layer tools. When a layer is selected in the table. Click Assign Layers.

or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. earth.Walls . ducting. and protected. installed. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. piping. and insulation. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but also the natural lighting. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Custom types and sizes can also be built.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the view. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes.Doors and Windows . the ventilation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

The height can be no less than 24".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. if there is no other escape route. the width can be no less than 20". 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . An unobstructed opening of 5.7 sq.Doors and Windows .

Engineering. and furniture are defined in family files. and copy these elements. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. and how to position. you learn how to place doors and windows. windows. technology. engineering. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Components such as doors. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. move. Technology. Doors and Windows s 187 .Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Center a door in a wall. and Language Arts. and math standards. s Copy windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. In this unit.

There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. 3. Add Doors 1. This can be done in a plan view. click Door. or 3D view. elevation view. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Build panel. In other words. Once a door is placed. 2. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. On the Home tab. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . When placing doors in a plan view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall.Doors and Windows . the door swing would be to the left side. To reverse the swing. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. To flip the door.

In order to keep file size small. Doors and Windows s 189 . With the Door command active.Load Families 1. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Click Open. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Select the door Double-Panel 2. The display does not change. on the Modify | Place Door tab. except for the Type Selector.rfa. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Mode panel. and windows into project files. 3. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. click Load Family. 2. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". From the Type Selector list. walls.

select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. 5. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.Doors and Windows . From the Type Selector. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary.4. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.

change a temporary dimension. Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. If you place a door in the wrong location. Remember. simply click it and enter the correct value. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. or by using the swing control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 .

Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

Windows have exterior and interior sides. elevation view. 2. Add Windows 1. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . When placing windows in a plan view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click Modify and select the window. From the Type Selector. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. click Window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. On the Home tab. or 3D view. approach the wall from the right side. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. the outside of the window is to the left side. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Open Unit5_doors. You can place windows in a plan view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Build panel.

you opened an existing project. and placed windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.3.Doors and Windows . You do not need to add dimensions. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. loaded a door family. 5. Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. Window tags do not number in sequence. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 4. In this exercise.

constrain it to be centered in a wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. and so on. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. you open an existing project file. 4. 1. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. window. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. place a door. wall. 2. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 3.rvt. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Dimension panel. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. s Align and modify walls. On the Annotate tab. and modify the wall. click Aligned.

The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. This means that if one wall shifts. The door changes location. the other wall will remain aligned. 6. Click the center of the door.Doors and Windows . Notice the symbol. Click the right wall. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Align Walls 1. The walls are now aligned.s s s s Click the left wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Select the upper wall first. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the lock icon to enable it. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click it and it changes as shown. 5. 2.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Doors and Windows s 197 . (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.4. The walls shift and remain aligned. Right-click. Dimensions display below it. 5. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Clear the EQ Display value.

In this exercise. 7. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Click Zoom to Fit. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.rvt. you placed a continuous dimension.6. Right-click.

The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Doors and Windows s 199 . Create panel. 2. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. In this exercise. 1. Select one of the windows located in the east wall.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. On the Modify | Windows tab. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.rvt. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. click Create Similar. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. especially if there are many different types. 4.

The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The window is copied. Modify panel. 4. click Copy. On the Modify | Windows tab. 2.Copy Windows 1. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.Doors and Windows . Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the window you just placed.

6. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.rvt. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 .5. Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Click Zoom to Fit.

heat.Doors and Windows .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. cold. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. flat glass is a recent invention. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.

What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 28" b. Custom 3. 36" c. s Position a door or window. a. 40" d. If a room is used for sleeping. General Questions 1. 30" c. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Copy a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. 32" d. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . a. Standard b. s Place a window.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Align a door or window. 34" 4. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 32" b. False 2. True b.

d. Properties 3. Select the door. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. d. To change the location of a door or window. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Load from Library b. The center snap 7. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. b. Click Door Properties. True b. Load c. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Insert d. Offset c. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. To center a door or window in a wall. True b. 6. Duplicate d. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Clone b. True b. False 2. you: a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Click Modify > Flip Direction. a. a. Click Flip Direction. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. c. Select the door. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. A reference plane b. c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click Door Properties. Link c. Select the door. a. b. Right-click. a. 4. Click the appropriate blue arrows. you use: a. Use door grips to reposition. Select the door. Copy 8. you use ________. False 5. a.

Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 6. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 2. 3.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 5. Review stairs and railings. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.

After completing this lesson. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. List the different stair types.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.

Technology. Engineering. This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. engineering.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Math (STEM).

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Then. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.

A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".

s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

and spiral stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. and stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. For safety reasons. and Language Arts. engineering. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. or vertical circulation. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. In multistory buildings. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Technology. U-shaped stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You create stairs in a plan view. Math (STEM). s Create U-shaped stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. s Modify stairs. As you move the cursor.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. which includes elevators. L-shaped runs with a landing. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Engineering.Stairs and Railings . and math standards. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). s Add a railing. ramps. The riser and run values update accordingly. You can define straight runs. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. or tread.

The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Properties palette. you create stairs using a straight run. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. 3. From the courseware datasets folder.rvt. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This enables you to place the stairs properly. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Before you create the stairs.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Stairs and Railings s 217 . turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. This file is in metric units.

In this case. Click OK to close the dialog box. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Circulation panel. 5. Run is preselected. The cursor changes to a crosshairs.Stairs and Railings . The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. you create a straight run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. click Stairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.4. On the Home tab. These tools are used to define your stairs.

You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can continue to move the cursor up. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. Select this intersection point to start your run. Revit displays the number of risers you created. select Finish (green check). 9. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. and then click to define the run of stairs. If you have not fully created the run.6. 8. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 10. 7. As you move the cursor up. On the Mode panel. To change the run dimension. the run footprint stops expanding.

To avoid overwriting the original file. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. you created and placed a straight run stair.Stairs and Railings . 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 12. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.rvt. In this exercise. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 13. click application menu > Save As > Project. and switched to a 3D view. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.11.

The stair is not centered on the landing. Edit panel. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.rvt. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Stairs and Railings s 221 . This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Level 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. click Align. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. On the Modify tab. 2. Activate view Floor Plans.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.

which is located at the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. You can rotate your model to get a better view. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. If you have a scroll mouse. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. from the Prefer list. Take time to make the selections correctly. On the Options Bar.4. The Align command remains active. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. 5.Stairs and Railings .

Change Width to 1350. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Hover the cursor over the railing. As you prehighlight them. railings were created with the stairs. 8. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Graphics. and Dimensions subsections. Select the stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 .6. s Click OK. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. enter Lobby Stairs. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. click Edit Type. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. s For Name. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. On the Properties palette. 9. s Click Duplicate. expand Sections (Building Section). 7.

Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Lobby Stair View. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Cherry s s Click Modify. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.10.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Select both railings.

Click it to select it. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Delete this line. The railings change. s Zoom in on the stairs. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Next. 13. you change the shape of the stairs. click Edit Sketch. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Mode panel. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. In the Type Selector. 14. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Stairs and Railings s 225 . s Select the stairs (not a railing). s On the Modify | Stairs tab.12. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. The stair changes to the run sketch.

click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 18. s On the Modify panel.Stairs and Railings . On the Draw panel. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 17. To place the second arc endpoint. 19. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 16. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Click Modify. click Boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s Select the arc boundary you just created.15. click the left end of the top riser. Click to place the arc. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.

select the endpoint of the left boundary. the arc center point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Next. This will define a rounded first step. For the third point.21. On the Draw panel. 20. click Riser. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. Stairs and Railings s 227 . The left boundary will be mirrored. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Click to exit the Mirror command.

228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You also modified the properties of a railing. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. click Finish. In this exercise. On the Mode panel.Stairs and Railings .rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results.22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.

place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. For simple railings. Select the right side railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. 2. you need to define a path for the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. you sketch the plan view path. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Click Modify.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you add a railing to a second floor landing. 3. The completed exercise To create a railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. This is typically done in plan view.rvt from the previous exercise. Therefore. In this case. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.

Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. select Chain. The dimensions are shown as a guide. To set the exact distance. 7. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. on the Modify | Railings tab. On the Draw panel. Mode panel. s s On the Options Bar. 5. You do not need to add dimensions.Stairs and Railings .4. edit the temporary dimension. click Edit Path. Once the railing is selected. 6. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Then. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. click Line. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.

You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Delete your lines and try again. 9. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. In this exercise. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 8. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.rvt.

Stairs and Railings . You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. 2. s On the Options Bar. Work Plane panel. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In a floor plan view. In this exercise. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. the stairs appear as a U-shape.rvt from the previous exercise. you create a reference plane. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. s On the Home tab.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Create a Reference Plane 1. set the Offset value to 850. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.

Click OK. 4. Circulation panel. Click OK twice. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes .s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter Exit Stairs. 5. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Pull the cursor straight up. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Dark Gray. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Matte 2. On the Properties palette. Click Edit Type. To start sketching the run. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 6. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 3. On the Home tab. For Name.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. click Stairs.

Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer to the right. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . enter 1925. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to finish the stair run. 9. Press ENTER. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7. 8. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to place the first run.

Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Stairs and Railings s 235 .10. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Use Hide/Isolate 1. You want to inspect your stairs. On the Stairs panel. Click Finish Stairs again. On the View Control bar. 2. To remove the lines. Remove the additional lines. 11. you select Continue to return the sketch. If you get an error message. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. but they are hidden behind walls. click Finish Stairs.

Stairs and Railings . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and to create a U-shaped stair. you learned to create a reference plane. On the View Control Bar. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 3. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. This is a multistory stair. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.rvt. 4. Zoom in to see your stairs.3. Select the stairs so they highlight. Reset the Display 1. In this exercise. Finally. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The exterior walls reappear. 5. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. On the Properties palette. The walls are now hidden. 2. 6.

escalators. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. this openness makes them fire hazards. Include landings as required by your local building code. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. smoke guards. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. but they can also be highly decorative. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They cost less.Stairs and Railings . and deliver riders without wait time.

False 2. True b. a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. True b. 25 degrees b. 36" d. s Create railings. b. 30" b. 32" c. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 180 degrees 3. you learned to: s Create stairs. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 45 degrees c. 40" 4. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. and all treads should be the same run.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. General Questions 1. a. 90 degrees d.

True b. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Fasten Railing 5. you use the _______ option. True b. Treads. Attach Railing c. a. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Run. Manage d. risers and treads. Line b. a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. False 6. Insert 2.Stairs and Railings .Revit Architecture Questions 1. You can apply materials to different stair components. Arc d. a. Pick New Host b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. riser lines c. Boundary lines. To create railings on stairs without railings. Align Railing d. Rectangle c. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. risers 3. that is. riser d. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a. Modify c. Circle 4. risers b. Railings. Home b.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. s Define a roof structure. s Place gutters. (Student) 7. Evaluate Students. Review of roof types.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 3. Lesson Plan 1. s Place fascia. (Student) 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 5. (Student) 6. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters.

Calculate the rise. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. gutters. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Identify the different roof types. After completing this lesson. run. tiles. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and downspouts. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. It addresses roof construction. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.Roofs . and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. roof types.

s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Rake: The inclined. engineering. and Language Arts. and math standards. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Roofs s 243 . Engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

They come in several types. These are used more often on upscale homes. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. brands. texture. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Sloped roofs. maintenance.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. resistance to wind and fire. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and low maintenance roofing material. snow. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. durability. durability. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. and if visible. the roofing pattern. and sun. About Roofs s 245 . rot. and colors. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. the roofing pattern. both low and steep. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and color. maintenance. fire-resistant. and sunlight. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. resistance to wind and fire. resulting in at least one textured face. and color. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. You can use them for many different applications. and if visible. texture. are designed for shedding water and snow.

Therefore. choose a type that will suit your needs. or corrugated structural glass. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. fiberglass. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. galvanized steel. They are fire-resistant. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. This same roof on a clear. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. and so forth). the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. Unfortunately. When choosing the insulation for your job. quality. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. odor. galvanized steel.Roofs . consider such factors as cost. and require little maintenance. and insulating capability (R-value). s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. durable. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. zinc alloy. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. reinforced plastic. treatment for insects. special characteristics (for example. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.

The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.Roofs . as opposed to being perfectly triangular.

where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. A number indicates the value of the rise. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . but the two sides are not symmetrical. run. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.

Roofs . and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 to 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Slope is usually noted as a ratio.When designing a roof. 7-12. 7 on 12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.

or roof overhangs. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. or eaves. s Create a hip roof. you work with massing shapes and not building components. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Roofs s 255 . dormers. and fascia. often supporting a gutter. s Assign roof structure and materials. that convey rainwater to drains. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. To create a roof by face. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. water. soffits. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Place gutters. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. snow. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Once you create a roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. or ice. s Create various roof types. s Create a roof fascia. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you can add gutters. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering.Roofs . technology. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Engineering. and math standards.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. and Language Arts.

In the Work Plane dialog box. 4. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . the top of the roof profile is sketched.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. To create an extruded roof. 2. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open ADA_Roofs. 3.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.. Click OK to continue. you create an extruded roof. select the Name option. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.

select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". click Line. The section view should display as shown. Click Open View. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. s Use the image below for guidance. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Draw panel. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 6. click Ref Plane. On the Work Plane panel. 2. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 3.Roofs . select Section: Section 1. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Go To View dialog box.5. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 4.

Using the image below for guidance. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify.6. Using a positive offset value. s Select the new dimension. s Click the EQ toggle. sketch from right to left along the Level line. 5. Roofs s 259 .

click Chain. 7. On the Properties palette. s On the Options Bar. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Horizontal. for Name. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 3. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 1. Click Modify. click Line. 6. click Finish (green check). 5. 2. 4. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Right-click. Click OK. On the Mode panel. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall.Roofs . you can label them.

Roofs s 261 .8. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view.12" type.

3. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the images for guidance. Select the edge of the roof as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. On the Modify tab. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface.Roofs . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 1. Edit Geometry panel. This is a two-step process. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 2.

4. Select the roof. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. 3. This will join the wall tops to the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. To select both walls together. click Attach: Top/ Base. Trim Walls 1. 2. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . Select both walls. On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. open the view Sections: Section 1. select Attach Wall: Top. However.

s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof now looks correct. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. 5. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.rvt.4. In this exercise.

4.rvt. 3. Because you are in a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . by Footprint. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. 1. On the Home tab. so you look straight down as in a plan. From the drop-down list. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The inner loops define openings in the roof. select Garage Roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The footprint sketch is created at 2. from existing walls. In this exercise. Build panel. Click Yes. a dialog box is displayed. Unit7_first_roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.

5. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Next. 6. click Defines Slope. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.Roofs . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. If you place a line on the wrong side. click Pick Walls. 8. clear the Defines slope option. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. select the vertical wall on the left.0". the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 7. s On Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance.

In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Other controls also display. 1. Change this value to 6"/12".Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. change the value to 6"/12". 3. defining lines separately. By default. 2. It becomes an editable field. The new roof displays. click Finish. Roofs s 267 . That value displays next to the slope arrow. Select the right side roof line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. When a roof line is set to slope defining. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Click the 9"/12" text. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. click Yes. Click Modify. Select the left slope defining line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. To complete the roof.

rvt. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. In this exercise. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.4. 5. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

3. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Roofs s 269 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. 2. click to select them. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Build panel. set the overhang to 1' 0". On Home tab. 4. Clear Defines Slope. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. The file opens to a 3D view. To chain-select all of the walls. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.

verify the 0' 0" Offset. On the Draw panel. 2.Create a Roof Opening 1. Using the image for guidance. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Zoom into the chimney area. click Rectangle. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 4. On the Options Bar. As an alternate. 3. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Roofs . Right-click.

2. Roofs s 271 . horizontal line. select Defines Slope. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete.Add Slope Lines 1. Select the uppermost. Click Modify. 6. 4. Click Finish. 5. select the Defines Slope. click Yes. The slope indicator displays. Select the left lower horizontal line. On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. 3. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. On the Options Bar.

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.Roofs . and chimney penetration. attached walls.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 8. In this exercise.

Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 3. The completed exercise On the Home tab. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.0". 4. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the area shown. you create a hip roof. Select Defines Slope. set Overhang to 2' . Create the Roof 1. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 273 . Select the three walls shown in the image. Build panel.rvt. 5. 2.

7. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click OK. s On the Draw panel. 3. 6. In addition.Roofs .0". Raise the Roof 1. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. click Line. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. Right-click the ViewCube. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. you use the Line tool. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. To close the roof sketch. 2. Click Finish to complete the roof.

Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

2. In this exercise. you created a hip roof using a footprint.Roofs .rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

rvt. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create a Shed Roof 1. click Line. Clear Defines Slope. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Roofs s 277 . On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 2. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 7. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. 5. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 6. 4.

Roofs . 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 12. 9. On the Properties palette. Select the lower. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 11. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 10. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Modify. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Right-click the line.8. 13. Set the Offset to 0' 0".

rvt. 18. 15. 17. Click OK. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.14. click Yes. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Switch to a 3D view. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Roofs s 279 . Finish the Roof. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16. In this exercise.

Cutoff Level list.rvt. Open the Default 3D view. Select the Roof. Activate the view North Elevation. select Level 3. 2. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. You see four levels defined in the model. On the menu bar. The roof updates.Roofs . 5. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 4. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

on the Properties palette. click Pick Lines. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Finish the Roof. select Defines Slope. Zoom and spin to see your model. In this exercise. On the Options Bar. Switch to a 3D View. On the Home tab. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 13. set the slope value to 3"/12". 8. To set the slope for the new roof.rvt. On the Draw panel. Roofs s 281 . 11.6. 9. 10. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 12. 7.

The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 3.Roofs . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. The file should open to a 3D view. Select the main roof over the house. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. In the Type Selector. 2. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . thereby reducing energy consumption. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1.

For Structure Value. 3. Select Layer 2 as shown. Click Insert to add a layer. It is a generic roof type. 5. click Edit. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. s Click OK. For Name. Roofs s 283 . 4.Define a Roof Structure 1. enter Clay Tile. Select the roof over the garage. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 2.

In this exercise. select Model. 6. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.Roofs . s Click OK. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Click OK twice. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. The garage roof displays a pattern. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. 7. Click OK to exit the dialog box.s s s In the Materials dialog box. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 8. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".rvt. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.

rfa. In the Open dialog box. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. On the Insert tab. Roofs s 285 . In this exercise.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. or for decoration. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 3. 2. On the Home tab. click Roof > Fascia. Click Open. 4. to support a gutter.

Click OK. for Profile. Matte. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.Roofs . s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . For Name.5.Paint Finish Ivory. click Edit Type. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Set the Material value to Metal . 6. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Roofs s 287 .rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. In this exercise. 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia.8.

click Roof > Gutter. The completed exercise 4. you add gutters to a building. select Metal Aluminum.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Place Gutters In this exercise. select Gutter .Bevel: 5" x 5". s Click Duplicate. so as not to detract from the design of the building. For Name. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.rvt. 6.Roofs . 2. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. Under Material parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. under Profile parameter. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. The file should open to a 3D view. 3. Click OK. On the Home tab. Click OK. 1.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.rvt. In this exercise. you attached gutters to a roof. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. If you click the interior face. 10. 8. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Roofs s 289 . You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Segments will clean up at corners. 9. 11. the gutter displays on the wrong side.7.

water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. heat. and cold.Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house.

Gambrel d. a. True b. s Place gutters. Medium c. s Place fascia. High d. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. False 2. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Shed 4. Gable b. a. General Questions 1. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Hip c. True b.Roofs . None of the above 3. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Define a roof structure. the run is always 12. Low b. When referring to roof slope.

False Summary/Questions s 293 . Cut/Lengthen c. Roofs can be created using ______. Change the direction of the slope. extrusion. sketch. Footprint. 10. Turn slopes on or off. lines c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Change the direction of the roof. To add a slope to a roofline. d. Create an opening. face b. extrusion. SHIFT c. Expand/Contract 6. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. False 7. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. False 5. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Material 8. Sketch c. profile 2. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Walls.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. pick d. a. Trim/Extend b. Footprint b. a. a. ______ or _______. Sketch. c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. a. Footprint b. Add Slope b. Walls d. a. Face 3. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. True b. place a check mark next to: a. Footprint. A compound roof contains layers. True b. Extrusion d. b. Activate Slope 9. you use: a. Defines Slope c. Slope c. a. TAB b. ENTER 4. DEL d. profile. Create Slope d. True b.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create a section view. s Create filled regions. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Lesson Plan 1.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create material annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4.

and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. bathrooms. the location of special equipment.Sections and Elevations . Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and tool racks. After completing this lesson. and special equipment. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. floor. In a commercial structure. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sections are used to examine the roof. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. In a residential building. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. cabinetry. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. the kitchen.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.

Technology. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and Language Arts. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Sections and Elevations . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. and are properly cross-referenced.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. t Cross or transverse sections. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. framing. on the long axis of the building. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. and foundation plans. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. across its narrower dimension. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.

and steel. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . unnecessary. full. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. such as framing connections and foundation details.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . it is acceptable to decrease the scale. For larger elevations.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements.

the titles assigned (North. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Unnecessary Information Shades. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking." Mfr. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. however. South. people. followed by any additional information about spacing. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. With interior elevations. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. this is reversed. Therefore. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and then the name of the material. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. quantity. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. shadows. cars. or methods of installation. The size of the object is listed first. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. bushes. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. and so forth. For example. East. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . For a wood structure. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. You may. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. For siding.

distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. other openings. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. coving. wood. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is normally decorative in nature.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Hinges are concealed. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. It may have curves. doors. chamfers. This is usually done using a topset. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and types of finish materials used. or linoleum) and the wall. tile. or MDF. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. dishwashers. Molding is usually made of plaster. and special equipment such as toilets. casements. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. flush overlay. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. doors and direction of door swings.Sections and Elevations . windows. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. which is a formed pressboard. and other appliances. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. and lip. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. The trim is usually glued into place. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. or a baseboard. and materials used. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. This is more costly than regular overlay. shelf arrangements. or decorative patterns.

which you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Change the section head. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Add slope annotations. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create an interior elevation. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. you will be able to: s Create a new section view.

Sections and Elevations . and math standards.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. like an elevation. A section is a horizontal view. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. Once created. This lesson relates to science. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Math (STEM). You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. technology. Technology. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. and Language Arts.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. Sections and Elevations s 307 . elevation.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. or other section view.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it includes a crop region to resize the view. By resizing the crop region. When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. the section does not display in the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.

The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Details are crucial for effective construction. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Add breaklines as needed. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add structural details. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. tracing over the existing elements. In the example shown. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. such as anchor bolts and siding. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. So. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. In a set of construction documents. s Add detail notes. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Once you create the detail section.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. which is spoken as 2 in 12.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.

4. The file opens to a 3D view. The Section command is available from the View tab. Create a Section View 1. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Open the file ADA_Sections. Create panel. On the View tab. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 3. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The completed exercise 6. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 2.rvt. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. click Section.

With the section line selected. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 2. and it has control grips to resize it. Section Properties 1.Sections and Elevations . The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. This is called the crop region. The actual location is not critical. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 3. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. On the Properties palette.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.

Save the file as Unit8_section1. The view is listed in your Project Browser.4. 7. The section view updates. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you automatically created a section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. In this exercise. 5. Clear Crop Region Visible. In the Properties palette. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 6. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.rvt. When you drew the section line. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 8.

They include Section Head . 7. In the Type Properties dialog box. Load from Library panel. In this exercise. click Duplicate. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.1 point Filled. On the Manage tab. 2. Settings panel.Sections and Elevations . Section Head . and Section Head .Filled. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Several section head families are available.rfa. enter Open Arrow.rvt. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. The view does not change. 5. For Name. Click Open to load the family. On the Insert tab. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.No Arrow.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 3. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Click OK. 6. Select Section Head-Open. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Additional Settings > Section Tags. click Load Family.

For Section Head. On the Properties palette. 12. enter Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field.8. Click Duplicate. select Open Arrow. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 14. For Name. Save as Unit8_section_open. Select the section line. Click OK. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 9.Open. click Edit Type. select Section Head . Sections and Elevations s 315 . No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. The section head updates to the new head type. Click OK.rvt. 10. 13. 11.

Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 2. On the Options Bar. 5.rvt. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 3. 4. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Use the image below for guidance. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. To reposition the callout head. This is a building section. select the border of the callout. Create panel. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. click Callout. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. On the View tab.

On the Options Bar. 1. On the Annotate tab. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You can add detail lines.7. 2. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. as shown. Sections and Elevations s 317 . detail components. On the Properties palette. click Region > Filled Region.rvt. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 4. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Draw panel. Line is selected automatically. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. region patterns. 3. but not strongly. select Chain. Detail panel. 8.

For Name. enter Earth. Select the upper and right side lines. Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 7. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.5. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. 6.

9. Detail panel. Detail panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. From the Fill Pattern list.rfa. If you zoom in closer. On the Place Detail Component tab. Click OK. 3. On the Mode panel. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Sections and Elevations s 319 . select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.8. click Load Family. Click Open. select Finish (green check). the filled region may appear as solid fill. click Component > Detail Component. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. the pattern becomes visible. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Section. On the Annotate tab. 2. 1.

5. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations .4. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Click OK. In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

select Plywood. From the Type Selector. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Add another Detail Component. 7. Sections and Elevations s 321 . From the Type Selector list.6. Using the image below for guidance. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10.

12. select anchor bolt. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. This component represents the subflooring.9. Click Modify. 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . set the Thickness to 3/4". Select the vertical plywood. From the Type Selector. Use the image below for guidance. On the Properties palette. Click Component > Detail Component.Sections and Elevations . 11. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Place the component similarly to the image below.

Sections and Elevations s 323 . Use the image below for guidance. select Lap Siding.13. select Copy. Click Modify. 14. On the Options Bar. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Multiple. From the Type Selector. Add another Detail Component.

2. Detail panel. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 16. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.Sections and Elevations . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.15. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file. click Detail Line. select Wide Lines. Add Detail Lines 1. From the Line Style Selector. On the Annotate tab. Start at the end of the siding.

The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. 4. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 . click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Still using Wide Lines.3. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.

Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 10. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click Insulation. identified as Wall material 1. 8. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 2. Add Insulation 1. Click Edit in the Structure field. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Save the file. 9. Select the wall so it highlights. select the Material field in row 3.6.Sections and Elevations . The wall display updates. 7. Right-click. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Modify. Next. Detail panel. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes.

Your view should resemble the image shown. 1. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. select Break Line. 3. On the Annotate tab.2. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 327 . From the Type Selector. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.

and detail components to it. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. The Detail Component tool is still active.Sections and Elevations . Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Click Zoom to Fit. 6. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).4. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Save the file. 5. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. To complete the detail. 7. The view should resemble the image shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the breakline as shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. You place another breakline. detail lines. In this exercise.

2. The border around the view will disappear. 1. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. To add notes. weatherproofing. The size of the object is listed first. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. With nothing selected in the view.rvt. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. quantity. s Clear Annotation Crop.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . or methods of installation. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

On the Annotate tab.4. Text panel. 7. 6. R13. click Text. 12. On the Format panel. click Two Segments. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.4" WEATHERING. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Finally. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. As you pull your cursor to the right. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.Sections and Elevations . From the Type list. 8. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. 5. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 9. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. insulation. leader arrow as shown. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Move the pointer up 11.

is an acronym for On Center. 17.C. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. CONT is short for Continuous. or wood treated with preservative against rot.. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. . Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.C. Click off the text to finish the entry. 18. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.C. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.C. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the floorboard. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 15. Start the next text at the baseboard. 16. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.TYPE X. O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Sections and Elevations s 331 .13. 20. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. as the second line of text.. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. 19. 14. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT.

Sections and Elevations . you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 21. Click Modify. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 22.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. In this exercise. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click ENTER to start a second line. 23.

highlight Sheets. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Highlight your title block. Locate the A-Landscape. 2. or elevation view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In the Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 3.rvt. you will want to add the views to a sheet. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 5.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. and locate the detail view on it. Right-click. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. click Load. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 4. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. The new sheet becomes the current view. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. section. In this exercise. Click New Sheet. Click Open. 6.rfa title block you created in Unit 3.

Both Level ends will move together. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Drag it to the right. On the View Control Bar. select view Detail at Foundation. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 9. 8. Select a Level Line.Sections and Elevations . In the Project Browser. click Hide Crop Region. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. close to the crop border.7. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the control at its left end.

Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click Zoom to Fit.301.rvt. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. For Number.10. Right-click. Click OK. Click Rename. 12. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. highlight the new sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. For Name. 13. s Modified the label values in the title block. 11. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . In the Project Browser. enter S. you: s Created a new sheet. In this exercise.

The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. It is defined by the green dotted line. The elevation markers are now visible. 2. s Add material notes. Select Elevations. east. Click Zoom to Fit. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 3. 5. Right-click. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Open ADA_Elevations. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. and west.Sections and Elevations . Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 2. four elevation views are included: north. s Add slope indication for roof. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 4. Click OK. 6. south. When you create a project with a template. s Add any necessary dimensions. Click the Annotations tab. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. s Set the display for building components as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker.

Switch to an Elevation View 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. On the Annotations tab. On the Modelling tab. 3. clear Sections. Next.2. clear Planting. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 4. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 5. On the View Control Bar.

rvt. 12. Select the Material field for Layer 1. you activated an elevation view. click to open the list. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes.Exterior Stucco. 10. and modified the wall display characteristics. 13. Select the wall. select Edit in the Structure field. 11.7. 9. In this exercise. Select Sand. In the Type Properties dialog box. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the button that displays to select a material. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. It will be identified as Condo . modified its display. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.Sections and Elevations . In Surface Pattern. On the Properties palette. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. click Edit Type.

or methods of installation. Enter TX. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The size of the object is listed first. 4. In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Add a note for the foundation. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 5. 3. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. quantity.rvt. Add a note for the stone wall. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Sections and Elevations s 339 . then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 2.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise.

In this exercise.6. 8. Add a note for the brick wall. 7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the roof.

Sections and Elevations s 341 . 4. On the Options Bar.rvt. click Spot Slope. 2. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. For Offset from Reference. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Click to select the roof line. select Triangle. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. On the Annotate tab. from the Slope Representation list. 6. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. enter 1/8".Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Dimension panel. 1. 5. 3.

Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. click Aligned. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. 11. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Dimension panel. Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 10. On the Annotate tab. 9.7.Sections and Elevations . Click to select the roof line. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

The west elevation now contains material notes. 13. slope indicators.rvt. Arrange notes. 14. select wall breaks and levels. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.12. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Sections and Elevations s 343 . you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. and dimensions for clarity. In this exercise. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and vertical dimensions.

dimensions. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Right-click. kitchens. Click Find Referring Views. Click Open View. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. Highlight the view. 2.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials.rvt. In the Project Browser. equipment rooms. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 3. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. special closets. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. and cabinetry. This view was already defined in the drawing.Sections and Elevations . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom.

Click the value field for Units Format 8. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. In the Name box. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 7. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Dimension panel. On the Annotate tab. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click Aligned. Right-click. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. 6. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. click OK. 5. Sections and Elevations s 345 . An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Clear Use Project Settings.4. s s s s Click Duplicate.

and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. In this exercise. detail the interior section. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 10. You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools.Sections and Elevations . 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9.rvt.

you learned to: s Create an elevation view. b. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 3. it depends. c. s Create a section view. s Create material annotations. c. Cabinetry d. d. General Questions 1. All of the above. Nobody in Charge d. such as north. Either one. The orientation of the exterior elevation. All of the above 5. 4. b. is always the true orientation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Walls c. True b. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Not in Contract c. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. s Create slope annotations. The direction the viewer is facing. The direction the structure is facing. 2. Not in Concrete b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Show the relationships between elements. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a.

4. b. c. Click Add View. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. but not a 6. The dotted line indicates: a. True b. d. you use: a. The boundaries of the view. South d. True b. North 3.Sections and Elevations . click Sheet Composition > View. The Visual Style of the view. a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Right-click. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. d. Sun and Shadow b. East b. On the View tab. The detail level of the view. a. b. Which elevation is it? a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. c. Filled regions with hatch patterns d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 5. False 2. The height of the view. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. b and c. West c. Element properties c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 4. 2. s Export a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. s Reformat a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . s Load a schedule tag. Lesson Plan 1. 3. Review Schedules.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. Technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Engineering. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. and math standards. engineering. width. height. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. This lesson relates to science. Some of these building objects include. and thickness. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Schedules s 351 .

Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. depending on the style of the architectural firm. Instance. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. There are different types of schedule tables. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.Schedules . 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. However. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

The following image shows door. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . However. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Other letters are P for plumbing. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. A circle. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). and A for appliances. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. E for electrical.Schedules . hexagon. window. Using the software. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Like schedules. these tags can be placed automatically or manually.

windows. materials. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and you can create your own schedules. Math (STEM).Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. equipment. Schedules list items such as doors. s Export a schedule. s Create a room schedule. Project templates include preset schedules. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. hardware. s Add room tags. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. rooms. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. engineering. Technology. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedules s 355 .

rvt. 2. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Schedules . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. and you set the schedule to display totals. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Add Count.s Window Tag 5. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 3. In Available Fields. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Type Mark. Schedules s 357 . Continue to add fields to the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. On the View tab. 6. and Width. select Comments. Click Add. Level. Height. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 7. 4. Select Windows from the list. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed.

A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Select the fields. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. from left to right.Schedules . 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to finish the schedule.8. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.

Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 3. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Select Blank Line. Schedules s 359 . but without any useful calculations yet. 1. select Type Mark. 2. From the Sort By list.

Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in this case). click the schedule name. 3. click Edit. you can have the schedule report this.Schedules . select Level. In order to calculate the total number of windows. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Notice how the schedule has changed. clear Itemize Every Instance. 4. 1. for Sorting/ Grouping. Rather than make a manual calculation. On the Properties palette. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. 2. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. in the Then By sorting field.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.

Schedules s 361 . 6. select Title.rvt. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. The totals for each window type now display. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. for Sorting/ Grouping. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Count. select Footer. From the list.5. click Edit 7. In this exercise. s Set the schedule to display category totals. On the Properties palette. and Totals. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.

click Overwrite the Existing Version. based on the amount of space in each room. 4. floor type. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Room size. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. click Room > Room. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Locate the file named Room Tag. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. ceiling type. 3. On the Home tab. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 2. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. occupancy.Schedules . In this exercise. Room & Area panel.rvt. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Click Open.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 5.

The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement.In the Type Selector. Schedules s 363 . a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel. 8. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 6. and in the hall as shown.

13. s Change the word Room to Manager. 12. Click Modify. s Click the Room text. 11. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 10. On the Room & Area panel. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The cursor changes to sketch mode. click Room. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box.9. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. An edit box activates. The area value for Room 7 updates. Select Room #2. Place a room tag below the room separation line. The room tag updates.Schedules .

Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Added a room separation. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.14. 15. In this exercise. On the Properties palette.rvt. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects. s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. Schedules s 365 . for Name. you: s Loaded a room tag.

Set the Sort By value to Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Create panel. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.Schedules . Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 6. enter Square Footage Report. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 2. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. The completed exercise 5. In the Available Fields pane. 4. For Name. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. and Area to be included in your schedule. Click Add--> after each selection. Create a Room Schedule 1.rvt. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. select Number. 3. Name. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.

Select Grand Totals. Change the Heading to No. 10. clear Use Project Settings. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. In the Format dialog box. Click the Formatting tab. s Select Calculate Totals. Highlight the Number field. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Area field. s Click Field Format. s Set Alignment to Right. 8. 9. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Set Units to Square Feet. Click OK.7. Select Title and Totals from the list.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you: s Created a room schedule.rvt. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise. 12. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.Schedules . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.11. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. s Totaled one of the columns.

txt) file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 2. you export the room schedule to a text file. Note the formatting that has been applied. Click Save. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Double-click it to open it. 5. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. locate the file you created. 6. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Browse to a directory to save your report. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Schedules s 369 . This format is read by nearly all data processing applications.rvt. On the application menu. You can then use this file in other applications. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 4. The file is created. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 3. Using your Windows Explorer. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Click OK.

Close the text file.7.Schedules . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 8. In this exercise. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.

Questions 1. True b. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. s Export a schedule. a. s Place a schedule tag. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. s Reformat a schedule. Quantity c. Instance 3. What is a schedule table? a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. c. 2. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. False 4. True b. A list of sheets used in a project. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. None of the above. s Load a schedule tag. False Summary/Questions s 371 . d. Type b. a. Matrix d.

Modify 2. Application menu d. a. a. View c. CSV d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To export a schedule. Annotate tab b. View tab c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Manage tab 3. TXT b. use the ____ .Schedules . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Home d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. XLS c. Annotate b.

The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Evaluate Students. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 3. 2. 4. Lesson Plan 1. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.

Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Finally. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Create a raytrace rendering. Technology. you create a walkthrough. and Language Arts.Visualization . Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Place a camera. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Export a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. Math (STEM). s Export a DWG file. s Add planting components. s Apply shading to a view. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Play a walkthrough. Engineering. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. The animation file can be played in any media player. After completing this lesson. s Assign materials. s Orient walls and windows. or camera on a path. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.

A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You worked on animations. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Open Unit2_custom_family. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. courseware datasets. To prepare your model for rendering. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. s s 2. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s Make a camera view the active view. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design.rvt. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. Assign materials. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows.

The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select one of the exterior walls. Stud. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl.3.Visualization . Select any exterior wall. If you do not see any change in the wall display. 6. 4. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Right-click. The wall display updates. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 5. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls now display layers of materials.

Click OK. Click Change wall's orientation. Select the toposurface object. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select walls. Right-click. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.7. On the Properties palette. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Repeat the process for the windows. Visualization s 377 . you can: s s s 9. Open the Default 3D view. Select Site: Grass. 10. In addition to using the control arrows. 8.

11. for Files of type. you have completed this exercise. This will filter the file list. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Note the file location. On the application menu.Visualization . 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Autodesk (*. 12. click Export > FBX.rvt. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Export the Model to FBX 1. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.FBX). Select the file name. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. 2. Open 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. 3. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Select the Roof. and click Open. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Click OK in any notices and warnings. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Import > Import. Depending on your system resources.

click Next.rvt. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file.4. you have completed this exercise. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. If necessary. Visualization s 379 . Note the file location. There is no way to update it from Revit. 3. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. Open or return to Revit. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Close the file without saving. open Unit10_Export.

On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.4. Open 3ds Max Design.max. click Attach This File. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 9. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click File.rvt. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. open Unit10_Export. 7. Close the File Link Manager. Select the file name. 5. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If necessary. In the File Link Manager . 6. Click Open.Visualization . Select two windows as shown. click References > File Link Manager. On the application menu. 8. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Open or return to Revit.

Save the export file using the same name as before.10. 12. In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 13. On the application menu. The windows have updated. 11. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. Visualization s 381 . Open the 3D view.

s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.14. In this exercise. The windows have changed.Visualization . s Oriented walls and windows. s Changed a material definition. s Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. 15. Open the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the Files tab. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click Reload. The linked file updates. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Open Unit10_Export. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. generate a rendering. In this exercise. you place a camera in a model. If you place the camera too close to the model. change materials.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. click Camera. as shown. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view.rvt. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Open the Site view. add plantings to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Create panel. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Visualization s 383 . On the View tab. 3. and create a second rendering. Place a Camera 1.

On the View Control Bar. 5. Return to the perspective view. Right-click. The camera perspective view opens. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. click Show Rendering Dialog. Render Setup 1.4. select Very Few Clouds. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 6. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 7.Visualization . To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Open the Site view again. If necessary. Click Show Camera. 2. The camera will be visible.

click Site Component. and Lighting. 2. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open the Site view.30' approximately as shown. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view.3. Visualization s 385 . On the Massing & Site tab. Output Settings. s Click Render. Open view 3D View 1. Model Site panel. Enhance the Model 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. Click Render. 3.

click Edit Type. click Save to Project. In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Rendering dialog box.Wood Shake. 2. select Roofing . Select the roof. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. Select an exterior wall. Click Edit in the Structure field. 5. The model displays in the view. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. click OK. 5. On the Properties palette. and you can now select elements for editing.Visualization . Revit places the image in its own view. In the Save to Project dialog box. 3. 6. In the Materials list. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 4. click Show the Model. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Change Materials 1.4.

7. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click the Render Appearance tab. 9.10. Visualization s 387 . 8. Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.

In this exercise. These images are now available as options to present to a client.Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. s Created a raytrace setup. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 16. s Placed site planting components in the model.Brick Uniform Running Brown. 15. s Generated and captured a second render image.11. click Render. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. The new image is placed in its own view. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 14. 13. Select Masonry . In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK. Save the file as Unit10_render. s Generated and captured a render image. click Save to Project. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.rvt. 12.

along the path can be viewed in different modes. and exported individually. or walkthroughs. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options.rvt. s Right-click again. Each view. s On the View tab. The cursor changes to a crosshair. Visualization s 389 . In this exercise. s Right-click. or frame. 3. s View the animation in a media player. Open floor plan view Level 1. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. click 3d View > Walkthrough. 2.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The camera and path can be edited. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. 4. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Open Unit10_render. Click Zoom Out (2x). rendered. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Edit the camera and path. click to the left of the model as shown. in a project model. Create panel. To place a key frame. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model.

The camera is located on the final key frame. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Cameras tab.5. The Options Bar changes. 8. click Edit Walkthrough.Visualization . so that the camera is pointing at the model. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. click Finish Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Walkthrough panel. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 9. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 10. Repeat for all the key frames. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 11. 6. 7. Drag it to the left. Select the direction control for the camera.

From the Controls list. On the Walkthrough panel. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.12. 13. Visualization s 391 . Check the view in several key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 3. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. select Path. click Next Key Frame. Click Edit Walkthrough. If camera positions distort. Drag the path away from the model as shown. The path displays control dots at key frames. Click Open. 2. The camera is too close to the model to show it well.

Click Play. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough.Play the Walkthrough 1. select a video compression method to hold down file size. Click Save.rvt. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. notice where you save the file. Revit generates the external AVI file. 2. 4. On the application menu. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. In the Video Compression dialog box. File Name.Visualization . 2. 3. click OK. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Export the Walkthrough 1. In the Length/Format dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window.

Visualization s 393 . such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. Plan your class time accordingly. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player. Double-click the new file name. 6.

s Played the animation file in a media player.7. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. In this exercise. If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file.

Flip Orientation d. Print to File b. s Create a raytrace rendering. True b. s Apply shading to a view. s Place a camera. a. True b. Save As > FBX c. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. False 2. Align c. False Revit Architecture Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Assign materials. Questions 1. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you use: a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Demolish 2. a. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Play a walkthrough. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Export > FBX 3. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Add planting components. s Export an FBX file. s Export a DWG file. View > Shading d. s Orient walls and windows. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Export a walkthrough. you use: a. True b. Split b.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

3. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. beams and braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. Lesson Plan 1. 2. beam systems. and braces. In the following exercises. beams. Review structural columns.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. foundations. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . you learn how to place structural columns. 6.

Structural . and other structural elements will be located in a building. beams. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Knowing where structural members. walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. and other building objects.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Technology. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Place beam systems and braces. After completing this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. and Language Arts. Create column grids. Structural s 401 . This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

or reinforced concrete. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. In residential construction. As with columns. Select a floor. 3. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Open Deck Framing. often mainly glass. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. this is known as post and beam construction. 2. 1. or concrete.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. spans without walls. wood. On the View Control Bar. Beams connect columns or walls. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.Structural . Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. In this exercise. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult.Hide Category. beams can be steel. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. They come in types defined by size and shape. On the Build panel of the Home tab. click Column > Structural Column. wood. Structural columns can be steel.

The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". click Depth. 5. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 3A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click the edge of the right floor to select it. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. and 4B. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Structural s 403 . 6. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. On the View Control Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 8.4. 7.

Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.Structural .9. Right-click. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK. rail. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 2. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Hold CTRL and select the two floors. and columns clearly. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Place Beams 1. Click Hide In View > Element. Open Plan View Deck Framing. The columns are now hidden by the floors. In the Project Browser. 10. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Click OK. 11.

On the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 4. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. In the Type Selector. Structure panel.3. 5. click Beam. Click. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Structure tab. select Chain. s In the view window.

Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . 6. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. On the Properties palette.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 7.

Structural s 407 . click Beam. Click on grid intersection B4.rvt. 9. Click Modify. If a Warning dialog box that opens. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors.8. click Make Wall Bearing. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. On the Properties palette. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. In this exercise. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click. 12. Structure panel. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. 11. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. as shown. Click OK.

Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. or number of beams in a bay. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. distance. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. you: s Place beam systems. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Click the beam on Grid 1. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Open Plan View Deck Framing.rvt. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. On the Structure tab. 2. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Beam System. 4. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Place Beam Systems 1. Structure panel. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing.Structural . The completed exercise 5. Open Deck Beams. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 3. s Place braces. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. In this exercise. click No. click Pick Supports. click Sketch Beam System.

Structural s 409 . as shown.6. On the Draw panel. 7. click Line. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.

click Line. Click the beam on Grid 2. On the Properties palette.Structural . 11. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Trim as necessary. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.8. On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. set Elevation to -0'-9". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.2". 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s s On the Draw panel. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s s s On the Draw panel. click Finish (green check). click Create Similar. Click Finish. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s 9. 10.6". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Pick Supports.

as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the View tab. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 4. Structural s 411 . It has an automatic work plane. Click to place the elevation. On the Structure tab. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View Control Bar. 2. 5. click Brace. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. unlike regular elevations. In the Project Browser. Structure panel.Place Braces 1. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Create panel. 3.

Structural . to start the brace. 8. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the view window. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 9.6. In the Type Selector. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Repeat the brace going right to left. 7. Click Modify.

In this exercise. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure.10. s Placed braces. 11.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems.

Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. You can change a grid number at any time. s s In the view window. In plan views. and walls.Structural . Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. elevation. In this exercise. 2. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Pull the cursor straight up. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. but they can also be angular and radial. beams. The exact location is not critical. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. and section views. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. click in the lower left to start a grid line.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. The exact length is not critical. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Grid datasets. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Datum panel. The numbering automatically increments. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. click Grid. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. as shown.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. The Grid tool is still active. Structural s 415 .3.

s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 6. Pull the cursor to the left. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. close to the heads. Repeat to create grid line 4. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". The new grid line will be number 3. 7. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Select Grid Line 2. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. The new grid line is number 5. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Press ENTER. click to place the grid line. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Pull the cursor to the right. Enter A at the keyboard.Structural .5. click Copy. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Click to start a grid line. Press ENTER.

Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. This grid line will be number B. Grid 2. 11. This completes the main grid. s Click to place the grid line. The Grid tool is still active. s Click Copy. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Structural s 417 . 10.8. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. 9. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.1 is still selected. Change the number to 2. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. On the grid line.1. s Select grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.

000 o . Zoom to Fit. set Offset to 15'-0". click Grid. On the Draw panel. enter 15. On the Draw panel. 3. Click in the new grid bubble. The Grid tool is still active. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Pick. click Radius.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. select Center-Ends Arc. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. Click to place the grid head. On the Options Bar. s s Click grid intersection D3. s Click to start the grid line. Press ENTER.Structural . In the Radius field. Create panel. Change the number to EE. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.

Click to place grid FF. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Structural s 419 . 6. 7.5. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. You will need to identify it easily.

Structural . click Create Similar. Click in the new grid bubble. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. 11. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s In this exercise. s 10. 9. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click Mirror . Click to place the grid line. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Click grid intersection D3. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.8. Enter 31 to change the name. Revit will create grid 32. s Select grid 31. Press ENTER. Zoom to Fit. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.rvt.Pick Axis.000. s Select grid 3.

select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. 2. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. As a result. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s 3. Structural s 421 . s Use a column grid to place beams. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. In the Type Selector. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. Open ADA_Grids-complete. This is a steel column. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Structure panel. click Column > Structural Column. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In this exercise. s Change a grid layout. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. you typically create a grid. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. s Add footings to columns.

A. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. In the Multiple panel. click Finish. click At Grids. On the Multiple panel. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. set Height to Level 3. 3. 4. C and D.Structural . B. 5. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. 2.s s On the Options Bar. 6.

2. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 3. 4. click On Grids.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 5. Window-select all the grid lines. On the Multiple panel. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. click Beam. Click Grid 1. The grid. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Zoom to Fit. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Structural s 423 . On the Multiple panel. columns. and beams will move to the right. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click Finish.

2. click At Columns. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. In the view window. Columns and beams will move to the right.Structural . On the Quick Access toolbar.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Multiple panel. 3. click Isolated. window-select all the columns. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Open the Default 3D view. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 6. click Finish. click Undo. 1. click No. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4.

Select the footing at the base of the extended column. The footing changes size. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Click OK. Press ESC to clear the column selection. 6. in the Type Selector. A warning displays. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Structural s 425 . To change the size of the footing. The footing had been placed at Level 1. s On the Properties palette.5. 7. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.

8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Changed a grid layout. s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.Structural . In this exercise. s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file.

STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. using formulas based on physics.Structural .

Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. True b. s Place beam systems.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Beam d. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place braces. Brace c. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. 2. s Add footings to columns. Questions 1. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. False Summary/Questions s 429 . All of the above. s Change a grid layout. Column b.

To change the height of a column. Pick points. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. 3. you use: a. Properties c.Structural . All of the above. d. 2. Select a beam type and define the system layout. If you relocate a grid line. True b. a. Stretch b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. c. you can: a. d. b. True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Select the type of beam or column to place. A and B. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. b. A but not B. a. False 4. To create a beam system. Flip Orientation d. you: a. c. When placing columns or beams.

Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. PE . Copyright s 431 .Instructor.Teacher. Susan Harrington .Director.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. International Technology Education Association www. Poway High School. South Division High School.iteaconnect. Inc. Poway. Mathematics.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Ltd. WI Roger Dohm . Milwaukee.Executive Director. Smith .org Project Lead the Way. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Randy Dymond. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . CA Ronald A Williams. Starkweather .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.

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