Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. the display shows editable distances and angles.

and 3D views. You can add building elements in plan. elevation. section. windows. floors. furniture. stairs. Other building elements such as doors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. roofs.Software Tools . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

While components are being sketched. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown. or at any time after. the other will move as well. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.

Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved. In essence.

Technology. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Place a predefined Mass family. technology.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Engineering. s Constrain placement of objects. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. and math standards. This lesson relates to science.

Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project.Software Tools .Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Masses can be edited in many ways. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. and then converted into building components such as floors. roofs. such as distance requirements from roadways. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. A designer. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . size. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. walls. and curtain systems. There are mass families available to load into a project. owner. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or masses. you can create in-place masses. quickly. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. masses. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . roofs.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.

Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and symbol heads. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. legends. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . s Explain the use of dimensions. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. Math (STEM). engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Annotation includes text notes. tags. and math standards.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools . Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools . and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y.z) coordinate system.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Open tabs on the ribbon. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Software Tools . and Language Arts. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. and Options Bar. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open and use ribbon tabs. the Type Selector. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Work with tool buttons. technology. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Engineering. engineering. Technology.

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. beams. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. for instance. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. windows. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. Display and Navigation s 31 . doors. and rooms. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. symbols. detailing. slabs. trusses. structural walls. and text. braces.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 . and foundations. columns. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

and parameters. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.Software Tools . and inquiry.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. Context tabs display as you work. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . copy/paste.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Software Tools . Open. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. This menu has file management tools such as New. and Close.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

sheets.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. with four elevation markers visible. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. Legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. families. and groups.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

Software Tools . sun settings. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . A check mark indicates it is visible. shadow display. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. level of detail. rendering (in 3D views). cropping.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Windows panel on the ribbon. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. visual style.

To change the scale of a view. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line.Software Tools . Hidden Line is the default. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded with Edges. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

which can be according to the view. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. or by global location. sun and shadow intensity. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.

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It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 . and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows.The Render control is active in 3D views.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. enabling you to select them. along with other display settings.

Display and Navigation s 55 .All views are listed in the Project Browser. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Insert. Massing & Site. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. View. Structure. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Nine tabs are available: Home. To activate or open a view. Manage and Modify. Annotate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Collaborate.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools .

the Options Bar may display below it. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. When a context tab is active. Properties Palette. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. If you select items in the view window. Display and Navigation s 57 . Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab opens on the ribbon. showing options that you can select while you are working.Context Tabs. Options Bar.

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The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

Export. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. the application menu. Click a file name to open that file. File Save. such as File Open. and Publish. File Close only appears on the application menu. New File. Print.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Display and Navigation s 65 . On the right is a list of recently opened files. The application menu contains file management controls.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

After you have examined each of them. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The completed exercise 4. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Do this for other tabs. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. 2. click OK in the dialog box that opens. If you select the menu option. or click New > Project from the application menu. Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The panel titles display under the tab titles. To start a new project. make the Home tab active.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. 3. On the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.

Close the file without saving. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In this exercise. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.Software Tools . You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously.5. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. and then viewed. you opened a project file. 7. Select Cycle Through All. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. They disappear when you move the cursor away.

You worked on this file in Getting Started. In the Project Browser. Exercise 2. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open quick_start_building_elements. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. doubleclick the view name.

You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. You are selecting everything visible. On the Properties palette. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48".3. Click Filter panel > Filter. all the walls. 6. Clear Walls and Doors. Click OK. 5. 8. doors. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 7. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click any interior wall. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.Software Tools . Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. and windows highlight blue. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 4. . Click the door in the upper left of the model.

you opened a project file. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. On the Properties palette. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. examined the menus and toolbars. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 10.rvt. 12. Place a door as shown. In this exercise. 11.9. Display and Navigation s 71 . click Create panel > Create Similar. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click any door. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.

Component families include model objects (furniture. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. ceiling plan. Revit provides floor plan. s Create a new in-place family. schedules. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. building elements (walls. either predefined or user-created. drafting views. Technology. s Work with Revit families. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. In the exercises. Math (STEM). floors). s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. and elevation views by default. lines. s Load and place component families. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. mechanical equipment). and views. Engineering. templates. and Language Arts. annotations. display controls.Software Tools . and 3D views using the View menu. System families include levels. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. operating settings. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. You can create sections. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Pan.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. technology.This lesson relates to science. engineering.

Click OK. The elevation markers disappear from the view. First. 2. Four elevation markers are visible. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. even a small one. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Use your keyboard to enter VV. VG also opens the dialog box. There is no way to see everything in it. Rightclick in the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotation Categories tab.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Open Unit2_building_elements. Right-click. The display changes. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. is an extensive database.Software Tools . Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. There is also a copy in the course datasets.rvt. The completed exercise Visibility 1.

Click Zoom In Region. Right-click. 5. Click Open. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click. so be sure to select them both. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. click Detail Level. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . In the Project Browser. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 7. Zoom to Fit. On the View Control Bar. Select the roof outline. Click and drag the cursor as shown. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit.4. There are two parts to an elevation. Enter ZF. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. 6. Select Detail Level: Medium.

The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. change the Underlay value to None. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. On the Properties palette.8.Software Tools . 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. doors and windows are not shown. View Properties 1. Enter VH. 2. as before. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Turn off visibility of the elevations. You simplify it into a Roof Plan.

Set the cut plane value to 7' . 4. Click OK. For Name. and where the cut plane sits. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Right-click. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.3. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Next to View Range. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click Rename. enter Roof. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views.0". the ridge is now visible. click Edit.

click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 2. under Solar Study. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Open Elevation view South. 4.Graphic Display Options 1. Accept the location that activates. 5. select Winter Solstice. select Still.Software Tools . In the Presets list. 3. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the dialog box that opens. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Shadows On. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Shading with Edges.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. In this exercise. 6.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.

floors.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Doors are considered standard family entities. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. s A system family. and furniture. roofs. On the Home tab. You add closet doors to interior walls. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. 3. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. railings. and use a Revit family to place a door. windows. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. In Revit. These components are called families and there are several different types. Additionally. is predefined within Revit. such as levels. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Doors. Build panel. or stand-alone (for example. furniture). Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. click Door. commercial. load. and families in place. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and floors. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and annotations are examples of standard families. 2. furniture. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. windows. Open Unit2_views. and so on. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. lights.Software Tools . objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. There are system families. This exercise illustrates how you locate. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. you open an existing project file. and place Revit families. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. standard families. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. or institutional structures. walls.

As you move your cursor near any wall. Click Open. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Locate Double Panel 2. Furniture. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Family files have a file extension of *. The Door Insertion tool stays active. 5. Accept the default size. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Project files have a file extension of *. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). and Annotation. If you highlight a door family.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Click the Doors folder.rvt. You click to place an instance of the door family. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . s s 6. Click Open.rfa. Tag panel.rfa. It has a number of different sizes defined.

Place two more instances of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.7. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. simply click it. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.rvt. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In this exercise. you located. and placed instances of a door family. 8. 9. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Place an instance of the door as shown. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.Software Tools . Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. but not strongly. loaded.

Open Unit2_doors_walls. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. you open an existing project file. click Duplicate.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. modify a door family. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 3. Select the double door as shown. The required width is not available. This door needs to be 48" wide. 2. and create an in-place family. enter 48" x 80". 4. 5. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. For Name. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1.

In the dialog box. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. is to create a component family in place. The door updates. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 2.Software Tools . enter Hall Clock. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 4. set the Extrusion End value to 6". The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 5. On the Properties palette. On the Home tab. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. click Component > Model In-Place.6. For Name. 3. select Generic Models. Build panel. Click OK. 1. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Click OK.

Click OK. 10. 11. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . as shown. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. loaded. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Click Mode panel > Finish as before. On the Draw panel. Revit will display . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 13. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. The family model updates. you located. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 7.rvt. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".2". 9. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. In this exercise. You have created the base of the clock. and placed a door family.4" as shown. click Rectangle.6. 8. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .0' 2". 12.

Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.Software Tools . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.

Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.

Go to View > View Name in the menu. Create a 3D perspective view. d. 6. Each project has several predefined views. tab. s Adjust Visual Style Options.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. s Create an in-place model family. depending on the template selected. False 5. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Questions 1. Zoom to the entire model. a. True b. a. s Change type properties of a family. True b. Right-click. d. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. False 4. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. c. Spin the model in 3D space. and Options Bar.Software Tools . s Change view displays. To activate a view: a. True b. False 3. b. True b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. a. and click Open. Turn on Shadows. b. context tabs. False 2. 7. d. Either a or b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Change view properties. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Open different views. Zoom in Region is used to: a. c. b. c. The tool shown is used to: a. Views can be renamed. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Access. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. load. and place a family from a library.

Rotate c. a. Pan and Zoom b. System c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. etc. depending on settings 9. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Standard b. In-Place d.) are called: a. Project Browser d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Parts d. A family created within a project is called ________________. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Blocks c. Multiview b.8. Families 11. a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. All of the above. windows. Properties palette 10. Scroll d.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 8. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Duplicate and modify views. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Create dimension and text styles. 2. s Create a project template. 3. s Create labels. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimensions and text. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 6. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . you will be able to: s Select a project template. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Evaluate Students.

Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors.aia. and so forth. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. After completing this lesson. linetypes.org. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. based on the AIA standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. defining the layers. Engineering. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Visit the AIAS website at www. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. colors.org. Math (STEM). and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. should be used. Visit the AIA website at www. and the settings that are preset within them.Standards and Building Codes .aias. Explain why templates are used. linetypes. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology.

and so on. like mechanical drawing. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. defined and adopted by convention. and so on. If there is a fire. windows.Standards and Building Codes . 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. doors. A garage must be completely enclosed. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. one window. it must have at least one door. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a common area (such as a living room or family room). with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. it cannot be called a bedroom.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. If it lacks any of these components. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. a bathroom. and one closet. the number being its numerical value. otherwise it is considered a carport. a garage. A unit is a particular physical quantity. For example.

and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Another method is to apply dual notation.For example. in the United States.. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. and other materials. unit symbol m.. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. unit symbol ft. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. is 555 ft. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. In architectural drafting. units are applied to dimensions. However. also known as the International System of Units. using imperial units. glass. Here h is the physical quantity. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. or imperial. is 169 m. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. the construction industry still uses the English. such as room size and wall height. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . The value of h expressed in the unit foot.

because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.) 8. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. one value representing another value. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and viewports. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. sheets. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. In Revit Architecture.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". every 1/8" would represent 1'. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Each size is designated by a letter. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.Standards and Building Codes . line weight and pattern. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.Scales are ratios. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.

The integers go from 0 to 9. site plan. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . elevators. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. You create and position views. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).01.a modified version of the AIA standard. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. notes Demolition. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. symbols. temporary Schedules Sections. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. and then add a title block or other symbols. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.

the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. and other relevant information. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. fonts. annotation plot sizes. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. that is. The next space is for tracking revisions. the date drawn. For example. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . so that the height is less than the width. Usually. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. It identifies the drawing with a title or description.Standards and Building Codes . and layer standards. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. followed by information on the building's owner. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. drawing scales. The column is divided into sections. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the HVAC company. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. The paper is oriented landscape. Typically. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. the electrician. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the author of the drawing. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and so on.

in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth. required symbols. dimension and text styles. layer settings. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. These can be used to build your model. windows. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . views. dimension styles.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. and Language Arts. and walls. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.

Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. or store. Condominiums. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Select a Template 1. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. you create a new project file using a template. 2. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. click Browse. factory. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types.Standards and Building Codes . you use templates as starting points. In Revit. In the New Project dialog box. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. On the application menu. 3. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. click New > Project. apartments. Open Revit to an empty project file.

On the application menu.4. Click OK. click Close to close this project without saving. you started a new project file using a standard template. Click Open. Settings s 103 . You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 6. 5.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Select the Residential-Default. In this exercise. saving set up time.

In this exercise. 2.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Pull the cursor to the right. Press ESC to cancel the wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. In the courseware datasets folder. The file opens to a 3D view.Standards and Building Codes . the drawing setup options are preset. click Wall. open ADA__Settings. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.rvt. expand Floor Plans under Views. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. s Place the cursor over the left wall. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In the Project Browser. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. The Wall tool remains active. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. 3. Click to start a new wall. Build panel.

s Set Unit symbol to m. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. click to start a new wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 5. Close the file without saving. Press ESC to cancel the wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 7. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. and move the cursor right. Place the cursor over the left wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.4. In this exercise.) 6. 8. Settings s 105 . Click Format for Length.

1. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.rvt. Open ADA_Dimensions. 3. click Duplicate. enter Big Text. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. but also control the size and location of objects. Click OK. Dimension panel. create. dimensions not only display. Temporary dimensions display when you select. For Name. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. On the Properties palette. temporary and permanent. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. click Aligned. By default. 2. click Edit Type.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. there are two types of dimensions. or insert components. On the Annotate tab.

s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 7.5. Settings s 107 . In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. left. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Click OK twice. Select the top. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. and bottom horizontal walls. 6. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. The Dimension tool is still active. Click to place.

8. s s s Select the far left. Close the file without saving. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. In this exercise. created a new dimension style. 9. The Dimension tool stays active. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls.Standards and Building Codes . Click to place the dimension. you opened an existing file. upper. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 2. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In the datasets folder.rvt. There are no annotations visible. Settings s 109 . Notice the door and window tags. Right-click. In order to do this. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. and the view window displays the new plan. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In the Project Browser. 3. These are annotations. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.

Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click Rename. 7. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. On the Manage tab. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 5. 9. Settings panel. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 8.4. 1. 6.Standards and Building Codes . Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. In the Project Browser. Double-click to open it. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. select Floor Plan: Level 1. click Project Information. Click OK to update the display of this view. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV.

The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2. 3. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected.) 3. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.Add a Sheet 1. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. click Edit. 2. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Rightclick. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Settings s 111 . or supply your own values: Click OK. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address.

112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a View to the Sheet 1. Click Apply. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. In the Identity Data and Other sections.Standards and Building Codes . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Next.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block. 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.4. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.

Right-click in the view. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Select the new viewport. 4. Select Add View to Sheet. 3. 2. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Click Activate View. Select Deactivate View. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click. Settings s 113 . Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list.

of the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet.5. The view updates on the sheet. you: select it. Close the file without saving. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 6. Place the cursor 7. The Scale updates in the title block. Finish the move. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. deselect it. s Added a sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.

3.5 title block template opens.rft. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Settings s 115 .5. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Start Revit Architecture. click New > Titleblock.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. On the application menu. Click Open. 4. Select A-11x8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. A copy of the 11 x 8. It opens to the Recent Files window. 2. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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s Accept the Sample Value. 14. Add a label for Checked By.Standards and Building Codes . Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Accept the Sample Value. you created a title block using a template file. s Click Add. On the Quick Access toolbar.9.Landscape. 10. Save the title block as A .rfa. Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 15. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 13. Click Zoom to Fit. 11. On the application menu. select Drawn By. In this exercise. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. click Save to save the title block. Add a label for Sheet Number. click Close. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 12. Your teacher may specify another location.

2. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. you create a new project file. Highlight the title block and click OK. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. The title block appears in the graphics window. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Insert a Title Block 1. and then load a custom title block into your project. In the Recent Files window. On the View tab. Click Open. Locate your title block. 4. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 5. Settings s 125 . click New to create a new project using the default template. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 3.

On the Manage tab. enter your instructor's name. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. In this exercise. s For Drawn By. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . On the Properties palette. Select the title block. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 6. enter your name. enter Student Project Unit 3. Click OK. Settings panel. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. you a created a new project file. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. 2. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Project Information. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 5.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Click Zoom to Fit. 4. s For Checked By. 3.

you create a new project file. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. In this exercise. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and the units for your custom template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. you define the title block. On the application menu. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Create a Template In this exercise. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. On the Insert tab. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Click OK. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 2.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. 1. in addition to predefined wall types. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. 3. including how the rendered image looks. click New > Project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. and geometry from the template. settings. angles. a dimension style. such as 3D and plan views. select Project Template. In the New Project dialog box. and slope angle. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. and then load them like families. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project.

click Settings panel > Project Units. Set the units for the template. For Name. Click OK. Open the title block A . click Duplicate. create a Dimension Style. 10. Next. Click the Length field in the Format column. enter 3/16" Verdana. There will be no visible change.Standards and Building Codes .4. In the Type Properties dialog box. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 8. On the Annotate tab. 5. Click OK twice. 6.Landscape. You create a custom dimension style. 9.rfa. 7. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Manage tab.

enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Select the A .11. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 15. Click OK. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. On the Properties palette. Rightclick. 14. 12. In the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Settings s 129 . Click OK. select Sheets (All).

and units that you defined. as well as dimension style and units.rte.Standards and Building Codes . You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. Save your project template in your class project folder. 17. The title block updates. Click OK.16. Save the file name as A-English template. you created a new template file using a dimension style. You can use this template for future projects. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. title block.

Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. abstract format. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. or new combinations of existing materials. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .

defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. Using AIA Standards. S. A unit 4. dimension styles. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Create a dimension style. 1:12 c. P. s Create a text style. An architect b.02 d. and symbols used in drawing? a. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. a. A. s Create labels. Metric d. s Create a title block. UBC c.02 b. AIA b. 1:3 b. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. False 3. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Change dimension colors.05 c. General Questions 1. 1:32 5. English c. NCTM d. NCSESA 2. s Create dimensions. is defined as what? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a.Standards and Building Codes . 1:24 d. s Create a template.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Change lineweight. you learned to: s Set units in a file. A. a. A particular physical quantity. True b. s Create text.

title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. In Revit Architecture. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Application menu > Properties b. False 6. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Wall centerlines c. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. you use: a. To create a new sheet. you click: a. Wall faces b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . To change the scale of a view. True b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Point offsets 3. Application menu > New > Sheet b. By default.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. dimensions snap to: a. To set the units in a project. False 4. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Wall midpoints d. True b. True b. a.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

5. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 3. s Trim and extend walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Align walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Define a wall structure.

List the different types of occupancy. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. separate. them. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. After completing this lesson. and protect its interior spaces. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. their construction and materials. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Brick on Mtl. but it disappears when you begin another action. After you create the wall. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Select the Single Line option. Stud. Click to set the endpoint. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. To modify a dimension. indicating wall length. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Expand the Type Selector list. an angular dimension displays. Walls s 151 . When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. 4.3. Enter 10. 5. It will not print. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . click it to open an edit field. the dimension updates incrementally. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. a dashed line displays. As you continue to move the cursor. Clear the Chain option. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. This temporary dimension controls the wall length.

On the Modify | Walls tab. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Press ENTER. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top.6. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Create panel. enter 7. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. click Create Similar. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. click the Detail Level icon. the controls may sit on top of one another. After setting the vertical wall's direction. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Depending on your zoom in the view. Select panel. The wall does not show any internal detail. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. 8. 7. click Modify to stop placing walls. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. On the View Control Bar. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click to start the next wall.

Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Select the right vertical wall. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Also.9. Click Modify. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Walls s 153 . Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that two dimensions display. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. an alignment line displays. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. no matter where you move the cursor. release the mouse button to set a new length. 10.

Select the lower vertical wall.Walls . thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Build panel. 13. Repeat. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. click Wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .11. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Sketch the walls as shown. Click Cancel. On the Home tab. 15. 12. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 16. When using the Chain option. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Right-click. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. This is the same as clicking Modify. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 14.

you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Walls s 155 . Click Modify. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click Zoom to Fit. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". In this exercise. 20. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. After clicking the second end. 17. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.18. Select the Three Point Arc tool.rvt. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Clear the Chain option. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Create Similar again. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. 19.

you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. fillet. Click Modify. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 2. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Both split walls are shown below. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.rvt from the previous exercise. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . showing that there are now two separate wall sections. trim. you first split the walls at the intersections. Split Walls 1.Walls . Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Only part of the wall highlights. Do the same for the vertical wall. To do this. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. 3. and extend walls. 4. You now remove the upper right corner. align. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. This exercise illustrates how to split.

click Delete. Click Fillet Arc. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). If you make a mistake. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 3. select Radius. 2. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Walls s 157 . click Undo and repeat the steps. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 5. Create panel. click Create Similar. 4.Fillet Walls 1. You can also click the flip control. On the Modify | Walls tab. Enter 5'. On the Options Bar. Modify panel. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. Select any wall.

6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. The Wall tool is still active. 3. You align the wall in the next steps. Place an interior wall as shown. 2. 1.

4. The length is not critical. Walls s 159 . Click to create a wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. The Wall Trim Tool 1. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain. such as location lines. s On the Options Bar. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Pull the cursor straight up.

2. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 3. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element.Walls . 5. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This will be the border. 6. This will extend to the border. The walls can cross. The length is not critical.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the two interior walls in turn. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 4.

Walls s 161 . align. fillet. In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. and trim.7.

Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. On the Properties palette. The Modify tool is active by default. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. click Edit Type.Walls . 1. and vary in cost. satisfy different requirements.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 2. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 3. Select the Exterior wall as shown. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. In the Project Browser.

s Click the number of Layer 3. Click Insert twice. has a Function you can edit. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. 7. s Click the arrow at the right. For Name. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click Up. Click OK. s Click Down twice. 5. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. except Core Boundary. To edit the structure of the wall. Every layer of a wall. the wall structure should be as shown. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 6.4. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 8. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. When you are finished. click Edit in the Structure value field. Walls s 163 .

Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Modify the Function. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s Set the Material to Finishes . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. select Finishes .Stud Layer. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Exterior . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.Walls . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.9. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 11. 12. 10. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Click the icon that appears at the right. which displays plan or section views. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 13.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Set the Material to Wood . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Material. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].

Walls s 165 . select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 17. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 16. In the Project Browser. expand the Families branch.14. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. 15. Click Apply to update the view. From the Detail level list. select Medium. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. On the Properties palette.

All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. In this exercise. 20. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Close the file without saving. 19.Walls .18. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. You opened an existing file. From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click 8" Exterior. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.

so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. Select one of the Exterior . and a decorated interior surface. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Be sure to select the wall and not a window. In this exercise. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. a structural mid-section.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.Brick on Mtl. 3. for example. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. 2.rvt. You can define a wall type with these elements. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The model opens in a 3D view. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Stud walls as shown. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. wood rails. you create and modify vertically compound walls.

You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. As indicated in the dialog box title. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. To split a layer or region horizontally. In this exercise. in the Structure value field. 2. 8. into regions. You can set the sample height to any value. Wall structures are Type Properties.Walls . or you will lose your changes. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Click Split Region. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You change the type. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 1. You can split regions into other regions. click Edit. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To define the structure of the wall. either horizontally or vertically. 7. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 5. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. If not already expanded. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You can assign different materials to regions. highlight one of the borders. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. When you split a layer. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. so all instances of this type change. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project.4. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. 6. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. To split a layer or region vertically.

Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Click to merge the two layers. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.3. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click Merge Regions. After merge. When you merge regions. 2. In this case. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 4. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Walls s 169 . Prehighlight a border between regions. 1. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Click to merge them. assign Layer 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . The upper split disappears.Brick layer. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to split the region into two parts. 3.

To create a new wall layer. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. s Select the split line. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. instead of down. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. 2. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. If you set the split offset down from the top. Next. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Click the temporary dimension text. click Modify.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. In the Edit dialog box. 3. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. After a region is split. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. The dimension text turns blue. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Change the value to 12. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. indicating that it is modifiable. 2. 1.Walls . 1. to the next parallel line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Press ENTER. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Click again to return to the original position. you assign the material Masonry Brick . 3. 4. Click Insert.

8. 10. Merge Region. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. The preview changes appearance. Walls s 171 . you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. When a layer is selected in the table. Change the Material to Masonry . Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Close the file without saving. 6. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 9. and Insert Layer tools.Brick Soldier Course. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. It immediately highlights in blue. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click OK. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. In this exercise. 7. Click Assign Layers. because it is now the selected layer. Split Region. as shown. It also shows a thickness value. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click OK.Brick Soldier Course layer. All walls of this type have been changed. Modify. 5.4.

piping. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and insulation. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. earth.Walls . ducting. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and protected. installed. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the view. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . but also the natural lighting. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the ventilation.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

Doors and Windows . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . if there is no other escape route. The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20". must be provided by the window being used as an egress. ft. An unobstructed opening of 5.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq.

Components such as doors. and copy these elements. engineering. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. windows. Engineering. and Language Arts. s Copy windows. how to load additional door and window families. you learn how to place doors and windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . Some families are loaded into each empty file. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Center a door in a wall. Technology. and how to position. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. In this unit. move. and furniture are defined in family files. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science.

Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click Door. This can be done in a plan view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. On the Home tab. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. Build panel. To reverse the swing. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Doors 1.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. 3. 2. Once a door is placed. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . To flip the door. or 3D view. elevation view.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. the door swing would be to the left side. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.

From the Type Selector list. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. except for the Type Selector. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Click Open. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. 3. 2. click Load Family. In order to keep file size small. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. walls. Mode panel. With the Door command active.rfa. Doors and Windows s 189 . The display does not change. on the Modify | Place Door tab.Load Families 1. and windows into project files.

Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.Doors and Windows .4. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . From the Type Selector. If necessary. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. simply click it and enter the correct value. change a temporary dimension. To Doors and Windows s 191 .6. Remember. or by using the swing control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click.

rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.Doors and Windows .

Build panel. approach the wall from the right side.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. When placing windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. You can place windows in a plan view. On the Home tab. To reverse the window after performing another operation. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. elevation view. or 3D view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. 2. Add Windows 1. click Modify and select the window. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Open Unit5_doors. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. click Window. the outside of the window is to the left side. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. From the Type Selector.

and placed windows. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. placed doors. loaded a door family.Doors and Windows . All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .3. Window tags do not number in sequence.rvt. In this exercise. you opened an existing project. You do not need to add dimensions. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. Place seven more windows as shown. 4.

rvt. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. constrain it to be centered in a wall. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . place a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. s Align and modify walls. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. window. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. you open an existing project file. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. and so on. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 4. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. On the Annotate tab.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Dimension panel. 3. 1. 2. click Aligned. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. and modify the wall.

196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The door changes location. 5. Select the upper wall first. Click the lock icon to enable it.s s s s Click the left wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. This means that if one wall shifts. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. 2. Click the center of the door. The walls are now aligned. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Notice the symbol. Align Walls 1. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 6. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the right wall. Click it and it changes as shown.

4. Dimensions display below it. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . Right-click. 5. Change the dimension to 16. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Clear the EQ Display value.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The walls shift and remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 3. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.

rvt.Doors and Windows . 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 7. you placed a continuous dimension. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.6.

In this exercise. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 2. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. click Create Similar. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.rvt.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. On the Modify | Windows tab. Create panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. especially if there are many different types. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 4. 1. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Doors and Windows s 199 .

Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Modify panel. The window is copied.Doors and Windows . On the Modify | Windows tab. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. Select the window you just placed. click Copy. 3. 2. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4.

Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. 6. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Doors and Windows s 201 . Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.5. In this exercise.rvt.

Doors and Windows . cold. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. flat glass is a recent invention. heat. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The stability of glass in response to wind. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

General Questions 1. If a room is used for sleeping. 30" c. Standard b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. Custom 3. 28" b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . False 2. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. a. a. s Copy a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 36" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Place doors. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 34" 4. s Place a window. True b. 32" d. 32" b. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 40" d.

b. Right-click. Load c. d. True b. Click Flip Direction. True b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. a. Copy 8. A reference plane b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . c. b. Duplicate d. Link c. The center snap 7. Click Door Properties. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Insert d. Select the door. False 2. Select the door. you: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Clone b. a.Doors and Windows . a. False 5. Select the door. Use door grips to reposition. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. Load from Library b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. To center a door or window in a wall. 6. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. True b. Offset c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Properties 3. you use: a. a. Select the door. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. To change the location of a door or window. Click Modify > Flip Direction. 4. d. you use ________. c.

2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 3. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . Review stairs and railings. Lesson Plan 1. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.

and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the different stair types. stair and railing types.Stairs and Railings .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. After completing this lesson.

Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology. engineering.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. and math standards. Technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Then. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .

such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Due to building code. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings .

but not more than 2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. Math (STEM). of certain horizontal depth or run. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Stairs and Railings . ramps. L-shaped runs with a landing. and math standards. As you move the cursor.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You can define straight runs. In multistory buildings. You create stairs in a plan view. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. or tread. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Technology. and spiral stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. Engineering. which includes elevators. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Add a railing. engineering. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. s Modify stairs. or vertical circulation. U-shaped stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. For safety reasons. and stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch.

This enables you to place the stairs properly. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. you create stairs using a straight run. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. From the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. 3. This file is in metric units. On the Properties palette. Before you create the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.

On the Home tab. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. 5. Circulation panel. Click OK to close the dialog box. In this case. you create a straight run.4. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. Run is preselected. These tools are used to define your stairs.Stairs and Railings . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The cursor changes to a crosshairs.

The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. and then click to define the run of stairs. Revit displays the number of risers you created. You can continue to move the cursor up. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. On the Mode panel. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 9. 7. If you have not fully created the run. select Finish (green check). Select this intersection point to start your run. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display.6. 10. the run footprint stops expanding. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can also enter a distance of 4400. As you move the cursor up. To change the run dimension. 8.

rvt. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 13. To avoid overwriting the original file. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. and switched to a 3D view. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you created and placed a straight run stair.11. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.Stairs and Railings . You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. click application menu > Save As > Project. 12. In this exercise.

Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Activate view Floor Plans. Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. On the Modify tab. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. click Align. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.rvt. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Level 1. The stair is not centered on the landing. 2. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.

select Wall centerlines.Stairs and Railings . 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. On the Options Bar. The Align command remains active. from the Prefer list. 5. Click the center of the stairs.4. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. If you have a scroll mouse. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Take time to make the selections correctly. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first.

even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Select the stairs. click Edit Type. s Click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. s Click OK. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. On the Properties palette. 8. 7. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 9. and Dimensions subsections. Change Width to 1350. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. s For Name. As you prehighlight them. enter Lobby Stairs. Hover the cursor over the railing. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. In the Project Browser.6. Graphics. expand Sections (Building Section). railings were created with the stairs.

Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.10.Cherry s s Click Modify. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Lobby Stair View.Stairs and Railings .

s Select the stairs (not a railing). Click it to select it. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Mode panel. 13. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Zoom in on the stairs. In the Type Selector. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. click Edit Sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. The railings change. The stair changes to the run sketch. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Delete this line.12. Next. 14. you change the shape of the stairs.

Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s On the Modify panel. click Boundary. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Click Modify. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 18. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 19. Click to place the arc. 17. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click the left end of the top riser. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 16. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. On the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . To place the second arc endpoint. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.15.

Click to exit the Mirror command. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. On the Draw panel. click Riser. 20. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. Stairs and Railings s 227 . For the third point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Next. Click CenterEnds-Arc.21. select the endpoint of the left boundary. This will define a rounded first step. the arc center point.

Stairs and Railings . 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22. In this exercise. On the Mode panel. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. click Finish. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Open the {3D} view to see the results. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.

Select the right side railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you need to define a path for the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. The completed exercise To create a railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Stairs and Railings s 229 . the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. In this case. you add a railing to a second floor landing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. 3. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. For simple railings. Click Modify. you sketch the plan view path. This is typically done in plan view. Therefore. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing.

7. select Chain. You do not need to add dimensions. Once the railing is selected. click Line.Stairs and Railings . 6. Mode panel. s s On the Options Bar. Then. click Edit Path. On the Draw panel.4. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. edit the temporary dimension. 5. To set the exact distance. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . on the Modify | Railings tab. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Select Finish to exit the railing definition.

Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 8. Stairs and Railings s 231 . it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. In this exercise. 9.rvt. Delete your lines and try again. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. you used sketch tools to create a railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. 2. s On the Home tab. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.rvt from the previous exercise. In this exercise. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. the stairs appear as a U-shape. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In a floor plan view. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Create a Reference Plane 1. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Work Plane panel. set the Offset value to 850.Stairs and Railings . you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. you create a reference plane. s On the Options Bar.

enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click OK twice.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. 4. change the Width parameter to 900. Matte 2. Pull the cursor straight up. On the Properties palette. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Circulation panel. 3. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Dark Gray. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Stairs and Railings s 233 . For Name. Click OK. enter Exit Stairs. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 5. 6. click Stairs. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. To start sketching the run. Click Edit Type. On the Home tab.

with none remaining to be created. Click to place the first run. 9. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). enter 1925. Move the pointer to the right. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.Stairs and Railings . Press ENTER. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .7. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 8.

Use Hide/Isolate 1. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. you select Continue to return the sketch. Click Finish Stairs again. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. but they are hidden behind walls. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. 11. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Finish Stairs. On the Stairs panel. 2. Remove the additional lines.10. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You want to inspect your stairs. On the View Control bar. If you get an error message. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. To remove the lines.

2. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings . The walls are now hidden. On the Properties palette. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Zoom in to see your stairs.rvt. you learned to create a reference plane. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The exterior walls reappear. 4.3. Finally. In this exercise. This is a multistory stair. Select the stairs so they highlight. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 6. 5. 3. On the View Control Bar. Reset the Display 1. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. and elevators. escalators.

but they can also be highly decorative. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . They cost less. smoke guards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . Include landings as required by your local building code. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. and deliver riders without wait time. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. this openness makes them fire hazards.

and all treads should be the same run. 180 degrees 3. s Modify stair boundaries. a. a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . A stairway must be at least how wide? a. s Create railings. 32" c. 25 degrees b. 40" 4. you learned to: s Create stairs. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 36" d. 90 degrees d. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 30" b. False 2. b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. True b. 45 degrees c. General Questions 1.

Stairs and Railings . Fasten Railing 5. a. Insert 2. Circle 4. Run. risers b. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. risers 3. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To create railings on stairs without railings.Revit Architecture Questions 1. riser lines c. Align Railing d. that is. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Home b. Boundary lines. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Rectangle c. Arc d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Manage d. False 6. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Line b. Treads. True b. you use the _______ option. a. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Pick New Host b. Attach Railing c. True b. Railings. riser d. Modify c. risers and treads.

(Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Lesson Plan 1. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 4. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 8. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 10. s Place gutters. Review of roof types. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . s Place fascia.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 11. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 3.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit.

and downspouts. After completing this lesson. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs.Roofs . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. gutters. and pitch of a sloped roof. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. tiles. Calculate the rise. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . roof types. run. It addresses roof construction. Identify the different roof types. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains.

and math standards. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. technology. Math (STEM). s Shed: A roof with a single slope. This lesson relates to science. engineering. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Technology. s Rake: The inclined. About Roofs s 243 . s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and if visible. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. Sloped roofs. fire-resistant. brands. and sun. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. They come in several types. and color. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. rot. and sunlight. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. About Roofs s 245 . resistance to wind and fire. texture. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. are designed for shedding water and snow. resistance to wind and fire. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. the roofing pattern. and if visible. and color. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. You can use them for many different applications. maintenance. snow. durability. durability. the roofing pattern. resulting in at least one textured face. and low maintenance roofing material. texture. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. both low and steep. maintenance. and colors.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. These are used more often on upscale homes.

and so forth). s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. treatment for insects. When choosing the insulation for your job. and insulating capability (R-value). The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. or corrugated structural glass. fiberglass. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. consider such factors as cost. durable. They are fire-resistant. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. quality. and require little maintenance. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic.Roofs . Unfortunately. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). This same roof on a clear. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. special characteristics (for example. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. galvanized steel. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. zinc alloy. Therefore. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. reinforced plastic.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. galvanized steel. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. odor. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).

Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. the requirements for underlayment.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs .

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 .

These are commonly used in French-style houses. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.

but the two sides are not symmetrical. run. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. A number indicates the value of the rise.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. The run value is typically equal to 12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. where as. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span.

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. 7 on 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7-12.Roofs . 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. try to specify standard roof pitch.When designing a roof.

dormers. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. that convey rainwater to drains. To create a roof by face. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you can add gutters. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Once you create a roof. s Create various roof types. and fascia. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. snow. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Roofs s 255 . and must have a system for draining water away from the building. or ice. often supporting a gutter. soffits. s Create a hip roof. s Create a roof fascia. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Place gutters. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Assign roof structure and materials.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you work with massing shapes and not building components. or eaves. or roof overhangs. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. water.

engineering. and Language Arts.Roofs . Math (STEM). 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and math standards. technology. Technology. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. the top of the roof profile is sketched. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. you create an extruded roof.. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Open ADA_Roofs. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click OK to continue. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. 3. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. To create an extruded roof. select the Name option.rvt. 4.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. In the Work Plane dialog box. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 2.

The section view should display as shown. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. s Use the image below for guidance. Drawing Reference Planes 1. Click Open View. In the Go To View dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 3. click Ref Plane. 2. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Before sketching the roof's profile. 4. select Section: Section 1. 6. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. On the Work Plane panel. click Line.Roofs . In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall.5. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw panel.

5. s Click Modify. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Select the new dimension. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using a positive offset value. s Click the EQ toggle. Roofs s 259 . Using the image below for guidance.6.

Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. On the Mode panel. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 6. 1. click Finish (green check). Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 4.Roofs . Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 2. s On the Options Bar. enter Horizontal. 5. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Click OK. Click Modify. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Right-click. for Name. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. you can label them. click Line. click Chain. 3.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. On the Properties palette. The name displays when you select the reference plane.

Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view.12" type.8. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.

2. Using the images for guidance. carefully select the far right roof edge. 1. This is a two-step process. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Select the edge of the roof as shown. click Join/Unjoin Roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. On the Modify tab.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Edit Geometry panel. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.Roofs . 3.

However.4. On the Options Bar. Select the roof. Roofs s 263 . open the view Sections: Section 1. In the Project Browser. 2. On the Modify Wall panel. select Attach Wall: Top. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 3. Trim Walls 1. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. To select both walls together. click Attach: Top/ Base. This will join the wall tops to the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Select both walls.

s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.Roofs . 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5.4.rvt. Switch to a 3D view. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. In this exercise. The roof now looks correct. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.

The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. On the Home tab. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Build panel.rvt. Because you are in a 3D view. from existing walls. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. a dialog box is displayed. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 3. Click Yes. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. In this exercise. select Garage Roof. From the drop-down list. 1. Unit7_first_roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. 4. so you look straight down as in a plan. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view.

s On Options Bar. If you place a line on the wrong side. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 6. Use the image below for guidance. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch.0". To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Next. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall.5. select the vertical wall on the left. click Pick Walls. 7. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 8. clear the Defines slope option. click Defines Slope.

Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the left slope defining line. It becomes an editable field. 3. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Change this value to 6"/12". 2. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. click Finish.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Select the right side roof line. The new roof displays. change the value to 6"/12". defining lines separately. Roofs s 267 . Click beside the edit box to enter the value. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. To complete the roof. Click the 9"/12" text. Other controls also display. Click Modify. When a roof line is set to slope defining. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 1. By default. click Yes.

you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.Roofs . In this exercise. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4.rvt. 5.

click to select them. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. When all of the walls prehighlight. Clear Defines Slope. you create a gable roof using a footprint. To chain-select all of the walls. Build panel. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. On the Options Bar. 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Roofs s 269 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. set the overhang to 1' 0".rvt. On Home tab. 4. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 2. The file opens to a 3D view.

270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. As an alternate. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar.Roofs . Using the image for guidance. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. verify the 0' 0" Offset. click Rectangle. 2.Create a Roof Opening 1. 3. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Zoom into the chimney area. Right-click.

The slope indicator displays. 4. Click Finish. As in the previous exercise. horizontal line. 2. Click Modify. Select the left lower horizontal line. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. select Defines Slope. 5. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. click Yes. On the Options Bar. 6. 3.

Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 8.rvt. and chimney penetration. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.Roofs .7. attached walls.

rvt. The file should open to a 3D view. 4. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select the three walls shown in the image. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 273 . Create the Roof 1. 3. Select Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. The completed exercise On the Home tab. 5.0". 2. you create a hip roof. Build panel. Zoom into the area shown. set Overhang to 2' .

On the Properties palette. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. 6. Raise the Roof 1. In addition. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 3. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. click Line. Right-click the ViewCube. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . s On the Draw panel. you use the Line tool. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click OK. Switch to a 3D View. Click Finish to complete the roof.0". s s Clear Defines Slope. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 2. To close the roof sketch.7.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 .

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt.Roofs .

Set the Overhang to 1' 0". On the Draw panel. The file should open to a 3D view. 6. The completed exercise On the Draw panel.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 3. Create a Shed Roof 1. 5. click Pick Walls. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 4.rvt. 2. Roofs s 277 . 7. click Line. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown.

edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".8. Click Modify. Right-click the line. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 12. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". horizontal line at the front of the roof. 13.Roofs . 10. 11. Select the lower. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 9. Set the Offset to 0' 0". On the Properties palette. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Roofs s 279 . Click OK. 16. In this exercise. click Yes.14. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 17.rvt. 18. Finish the Roof. 15. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Switch to a 3D view.

280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. select Level 3. On the Properties palette. 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.Roofs . You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 4. On the menu bar. The roof updates. Cutoff Level list. 2. Activate the view North Elevation. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Open the Default 3D view.rvt.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Select the Roof. You see four levels defined in the model. 5. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.

select Defines Slope. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 8. Zoom and spin to see your model. Finish the Roof. In this exercise. on the Properties palette. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Home tab. set the slope value to 3"/12". On the Draw panel. Switch to a 3D View. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 9. 12. click Pick Lines. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 10. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 281 . 11.rvt. To set the slope for the new roof.6. 13. 7.

Select the main roof over the house. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. thereby reducing energy consumption. In the Type Selector. 1. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt. 2. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.

s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 2. 5. 3. click Edit Type. Roofs s 283 .Define a Roof Structure 1. click Duplicate. For Name. s Click OK. It is a generic roof type. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit. enter Clay Tile. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Select Layer 2 as shown. 4. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Structure Value. Select the roof over the garage. Click Insert to add a layer.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 8. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. The garage roof displays a pattern.Roofs . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Click OK. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Click OK twice. 7. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Model.rvt. In this exercise. 6.s s s In the Materials dialog box.

2. On the Insert tab. In the Open dialog box. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. or for decoration. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 3.rvt. 4. click Roof > Fascia. Roofs s 285 . On the Home tab. Click Open. In this exercise. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rfa. to support a gutter.

Set the Material value to Metal . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. 6.Paint Finish Ivory. Matte. click Edit Type. For Name. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. for Profile.Roofs .

9. Roofs s 287 . In this exercise.8. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.

under Profile parameter. In the Type Properties dialog box. The file should open to a 3D view. you add gutters to a building. click Edit Type. On the Home tab. 3. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. so as not to detract from the design of the building.Bevel: 5" x 5". Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. select Metal Aluminum. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 5.Roofs . 6. 2. Place Gutters In this exercise. The completed exercise 4. 1.rvt. Under Material parameter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click Duplicate. select Gutter . click Roof > Gutter.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. Click OK. Click OK.

In this exercise. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.7.rvt. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. you attached gutters to a roof. 11. 10. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners. 9. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 8. Roofs s 289 . If you click the interior face. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat. water.Roofs .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and cold.

what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

s Place fascia. True b. s Place gutters. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Gable b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Shed 4. General Questions 1. a. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 2.Roofs . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. When referring to roof slope. Medium c. Gambrel d. Hip c. a. a. High d. s Define a roof structure.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. the run is always 12. Low b. None of the above 3. True b.

Sketch c. Change the direction of the roof. a. True b. extrusion. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Sketch. SHIFT c. d. To add a slope to a roofline. you use: a. extrusion. Material 8. Face 3. ______ or _______. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Cut/Lengthen c. profile 2. 10. Create Slope d. Footprint b. True b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. a. a. DEL d. Walls d. place a check mark next to: a. Footprint. True b. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. profile. face b. Activate Slope 9. ENTER 4. Change the direction of the slope. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Footprint. Defines Slope c. TAB b. pick d. Trim/Extend b. Slope c. lines c. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Footprint b. Walls. A compound roof contains layers. Create an opening. sketch. Add Slope b. a. Roofs can be created using ______. Turn slopes on or off. False 5. c. False 7. a. False Summary/Questions s 293 . b. Expand/Contract 6. a. a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Extrusion d.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create material annotations. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3.

296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the location of special equipment. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. the kitchen. cabinetry. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. In a commercial structure. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. and special equipment. and tool racks.Sections and Elevations . After completing this lesson. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are used to examine the roof.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. floor. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. bathrooms. In a residential building. interior elevations may be used to show display cases.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Engineering. technology. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. on the long axis of the building. and foundation plans. framing. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. t Cross or transverse sections. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. across its narrower dimension. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and are properly cross-referenced. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.

unnecessary. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details. and steel.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s The position relationship between different elements. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Sections and Elevations . For larger elevations. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.

Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. East. however. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Unnecessary Information Shades. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. With interior elevations. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. cars. or methods of installation." Mfr. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. You may. people. shadows. For a wood structure. and so forth. bushes. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. For example. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Therefore. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. South. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. The size of the object is listed first.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. and then the name of the material. For siding. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. quantity. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the titles assigned (North. this is reversed. followed by any additional information about spacing. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces.

flush overlay. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". or linoleum) and the wall. doors. or MDF. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood.Sections and Elevations . 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". windows. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. This is usually done using a topset. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. and types of finish materials used. shelf arrangements. other openings. This is more costly than regular overlay. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. coving. Hinges are concealed. and other appliances. and materials used. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. or a baseboard. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. It may have curves. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". casements. and special equipment such as toilets. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. which is a formed pressboard. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. wood. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. It can also be used around doorways and windows. chamfers. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. and lip. Molding is usually made of plaster. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The trim is usually glued into place. tile. Molding is normally decorative in nature. doors and direction of door swings. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. or decorative patterns. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. dishwashers. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall.

s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Create an interior elevation. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. which you can then add to a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the section view in the model. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Place a section view on a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Change the section head. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Add slope annotations. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. engineering. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Technology. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow.Sections and Elevations . like an elevation. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Once created. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. technology. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. A section is a horizontal view. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Engineering.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . the section symbol does not display in that plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. provided its crop region intersects the view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. or other section view. elevation. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. When you create a section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.

Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. In the example shown. such as anchor bolts and siding. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. which is spoken as 2 in 12. So. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add detail notes. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Slope is also referred to as pitch. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. s Add breaklines as needed. Details are crucial for effective construction. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add structural details. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. the slope of this roof is 2:12. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Once you create the detail section. In a set of construction documents. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. tracing over the existing elements. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions.

try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

The file opens to a 3D view. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Create a Section View 1. The Section command is available from the View tab. click Section. Open the file ADA_Sections. The completed exercise 6. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 2. Create panel. 3. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Sections and Elevations s 311 .Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". On the View tab.rvt.

The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. On the Properties palette. 3. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. and it has control grips to resize it. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Section Properties 1.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. With the section line selected.Sections and Elevations . s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. This is called the crop region. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The actual location is not critical. 2. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.

When you drew the section line. Clear Crop Region Visible. 7. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 6. In the Properties palette. Sections and Elevations s 313 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.4. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 5. The section view updates. The view is listed in your Project Browser.rvt. you automatically created a section view.

Load from Library panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 2. Section Head .Sections and Elevations . click Load Family. On the Manage tab. 3. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK. enter Open Arrow. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. The view does not change. On the Insert tab. In this exercise. Click Open to load the family. Settings panel.No Arrow. 4. click Duplicate. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. and Section Head . 6.Filled.rfa. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 7.rvt. 5. Several section head families are available. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.1 point Filled. For Name. They include Section Head . Select Section Head-Open. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.

Click OK. select Section Head . No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Select the section line.Open. enter Open Arrow.rvt. Click Duplicate. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 11. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK.8. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 315 . For Name. The section head updates to the new head type. 13. In this exercise. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 9. 14. For Section Head. In the Section Tag field. 10. 12. select Open Arrow.

This is a building section. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. click Callout. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 6. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Create panel. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 3. On the View tab. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 5.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Use the image below for guidance. On the Options Bar.rvt. To reposition the callout head. 2. select the border of the callout.Sections and Elevations . 4.

Detail panel. click Region > Filled Region. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. but not strongly. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Properties palette. 4. Line is selected automatically. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 1. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. detail components. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 3. On the Draw panel. region patterns. 2. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Sections and Elevations s 317 .7. as shown. You can add detail lines. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. 8. select Chain. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.

5.Sections and Elevations . Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click OK. Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. For Name. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . enter Earth. 7. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Select the upper and right side lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. 6. On the Properties palette.

which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. the pattern becomes visible. From the Fill Pattern list. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 1. On the Annotate tab. If you zoom in closer. On the Place Detail Component tab.Section. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Click Open. On the Mode panel. Detail panel. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. click Load Family. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 3. 2.rfa. select Finish (green check). Click OK. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 9. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.8.

In the Specify Types dialog box.4. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Click OK. 5. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.

7. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Using the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector list. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Sections and Elevations s 321 .6. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Plywood. 8. Add another Detail Component.

From the Type Selector. select anchor bolt. 10. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. set the Thickness to 3/4". 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 12. Select the vertical plywood. Place the component similarly to the image below. The exact vertical placement is not critical. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. This component represents the subflooring. 11. Use the image below for guidance. Click Component > Detail Component.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify.9. On the Properties palette.

Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. From the Type Selector. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Copy.13. select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component. Use the image below for guidance. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. 14. select Multiple.

15. Start at the end of the siding. click Detail Line. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.Sections and Elevations . From the Line Style Selector. Add Detail Lines 1. select Wide Lines. Save the file. Detail panel. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 16. 2. On the Annotate tab.

Still using Wide Lines. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out.3. 5. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 4.

Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Modify. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. identified as Wall material 1.6. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 9. 7. On the Annotate tab. Select the wall so it highlights. 2. 8. select the Material field in row 3.Sections and Elevations . Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. 10. Right-click. Detail panel. Add Insulation 1. click Insulation. Next. The wall display updates. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file.

Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Your view should resemble the image shown. 1. Sections and Elevations s 327 . click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector.2. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. select Break Line. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3.

Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Place the breakline as shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. The view should resemble the image shown. In this exercise. 6. To complete the detail.4. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. You place another breakline. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. detail lines. 5. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Save the file. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. and detail components to it. The Detail Component tool is still active. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool.

Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. With nothing selected in the view. The size of the object is listed first. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. 1. 2. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. s Clear Annotation Crop. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The border around the view will disappear. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values.rvt. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. weatherproofing. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. quantity. To add notes.

Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. On the Format panel. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. R13. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Text panel. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 9.4. 7.4" WEATHERING. From the Type list. 8. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 12. 5. click Two Segments. On the Annotate tab. 6. 10. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Move the pointer up 11.Sections and Elevations . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. leader arrow as shown. click Text. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Finally. As you pull your cursor to the right. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. insulation.

18. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. as the second line of text. Click off the text to finish the entry. 15. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. or wood treated with preservative against rot. is an acronym for On Center. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.C.C. 19.TYPE X. Enter 5/8" GWB . Click ENTER to start a second line of text. .. Sections and Elevations s 331 .C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.. Start the next text at the baseboard. Start the next text at the interior wall.13. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. 16. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 17.C. 20. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. 14. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. O.

rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 21. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 22.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.. Click ENTER to start a second line. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . 23. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Click Modify. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.

The new sheet becomes the current view. section. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 4.rvt. Locate the A-Landscape. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click Open.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In this exercise. 3. click Load. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. highlight Sheets.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. 6. or elevation view. you will want to add the views to a sheet. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. and locate the detail view on it. In the Project Browser. Right-click. 5. Highlight your title block. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Click New Sheet. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 2.

Both Level ends will move together. Select a Level Line.Sections and Elevations . click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Click the control at its left end. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. click Hide Crop Region.7. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag it to the right. 9. 8. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.

In this exercise. s Modified the label values in the title block.rvt. Right-click. you: s Created a new sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. highlight the new sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.10. Click OK. For Number. In the Project Browser. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. enter S. Click Rename. 12. 11. Click Zoom to Fit. 13. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 .301. For Name.

Click OK. When you create a project with a template. Open ADA_Elevations. 2. Right-click. 4. and west. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The elevation markers are now visible. s Add slope indication for roof. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. south. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. four elevation views are included: north. s Add material notes. s Set the display for building components as needed. 2.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add any necessary dimensions. Select Elevations.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 6. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 5. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Click the Annotations tab. It is defined by the green dotted line. Click Zoom to Fit. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 3.Sections and Elevations . east.

Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Next. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. 5. clear Sections. clear Planting. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 4.2. On the Annotations tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Modelling tab. 3. On the View Control Bar. Sections and Elevations s 337 .

Select the wall. 11. click Edit Type. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Click Zoom to Fit. 10. you activated an elevation view. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In Surface Pattern. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. and modified the wall display characteristics. 12. 9.rvt. 8. In the Type Properties dialog box. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. select Edit in the Structure field. modified its display. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Click the button that displays to select a material. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.Exterior Stucco.Sections and Elevations .7. click to open the list. 13. Select Sand. It will be identified as Condo .

If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Add a note for the foundation. The size of the object is listed first. Enter TX. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Add a note for the stone wall. 4. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.rvt. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. 2. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. quantity. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 3. 5. or methods of installation. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.

8. Add a note for the exterior stucco.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the roof. 9.6. Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.rvt. In this exercise. 7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

On the Options Bar. Click to select the roof line. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. For Offset from Reference.rvt. 6. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Dimension panel. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. select Triangle. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. click Spot Slope. enter 1/8". Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 1. 4. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 5. from the Slope Representation list. 3. 2.

Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click Modify. click Aligned.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Dimension panel. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. 11. 10.7. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click to select the roof line. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.

It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics.12. In this exercise. leaders. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. slope indicators. select wall breaks and levels. Arrange notes. and vertical dimensions. 14. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 13. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. The west elevation now contains material notes.rvt. and dimensions for clarity.

In the Project Browser. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. and cabinetry. Click Find Referring Views. Highlight the view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. 3. dimensions. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view.rvt.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. kitchens.Sections and Elevations . This view was already defined in the drawing. 2. Click Open View. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. special closets. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. equipment rooms. In this exercise. Right-click. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms.

7. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Select Suppress 0 Feet. click OK. click Aligned. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. s s s s Click Duplicate. 5. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. In the Name box. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". On the Annotate tab. Right-click. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes.4. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. 6. Dimension panel. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Clear Use Project Settings.

You modified a dimension style. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. detail the interior section. In this exercise. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Using the Text and Dimension tools.

b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. 4. All of the above. s Create slope annotations. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Not in Contract c. The direction the structure is facing. General Questions 1. False 3. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Not in Concrete b. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Show the relationships between elements. a. it depends. c. Either one. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. d. b. Walls c. is always the true orientation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Nobody in Charge d. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Cabinetry d. c. 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Create a section view. The direction the viewer is facing. such as north. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . All of the above 5. True b. s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations.

Which elevation is it? a. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The detail level of the view. a. 4. but not a 6. b. The dotted line indicates: a. c. On the View tab. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. East b. True b. False 2. c. South d. Right-click. d.Sections and Elevations . The boundaries of the view. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. a. b. Sun and Shadow b. The height of the view. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Click Add View. False 5. click Sheet Composition > View. West c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. True b. b and c. d. The Visual Style of the view. you use: a. North 3. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Element properties c.

2. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Review Schedules. s Reformat a schedule. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.Schedules . After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

such as reference number. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Engineering.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. about the building objects in your architectural plan. This lesson relates to science. height. engineering. and Language Arts. and thickness. Math (STEM). technology. Some of these building objects include. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. About Schedules s 351 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. width.

so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. However. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Instance. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. depending on the style of the architectural firm. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. the same primary information is included. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Like schedules. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. The following image shows door. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Other letters are P for plumbing. A circle. window. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and A for appliances. E for electrical. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used.Schedules . these tags can be placed automatically or manually.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Using the software. hexagon. However. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. technology. s Create a room schedule. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. equipment. Math (STEM). drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. and math standards. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules s 355 . materials. This lesson relates to science. Schedules list items such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. s Export a schedule.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add room tags. hardware. Engineering. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. rooms. Technology.

you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Window_Schedules. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.rvt.Schedules . and you set the schedule to display totals. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. 2.

The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. 4. Height. Type Mark. Add Count. 7. Click Add. In Available Fields. Level. Schedules s 357 . Select Windows from the list. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 6.s Window Tag 5. 3. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. and Width. Continue to add fields to the schedule. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. On the View tab. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. select Comments. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box.

Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. from left to right. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Select the fields.Schedules . Click OK to finish the schedule.

Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Schedules s 359 .Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 1. select Type Mark. Select Blank Line. From the Sort By list. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.

you can have the schedule report this. in the Then By sorting field. On the Properties palette. click the schedule name. Notice how the schedule has changed. In the Project Browser.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately.Schedules . you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 3. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. click Edit. 1. clear Itemize Every Instance. in this case). for Sorting/ Grouping. 4. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 2. Rather than make a manual calculation. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. select Level. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.

s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. From the list. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. The totals for each window type now display. In this exercise. click Edit 7. Schedules s 361 . s Set the schedule to display category totals. 6. select Footer. On the Properties palette. select Title. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Count. for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.rvt. and Totals. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.5.

Room & Area panel. 2.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. 4. 5. ceiling type. based on the amount of space in each room. In this exercise. On the Home tab. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Click Open. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.rvt. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Room size. Locate the file named Room Tag. click Room > Room.Schedules . occupancy. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 3. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. floor type. Open ADA_Room_Tags. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.

Schedules s 363 .In the Type Selector. click Room > Room Separation Line. 6. Click Modify to terminate the placement. a total of 7. 8. On the Home tab. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Room & Area panel. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. and in the hall as shown. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area.

The area value for Room 7 updates. An edit box activates. Click Modify. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 11. click Room. On the Room & Area panel. 12.Schedules . 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click the Room text. 13. The cursor changes to sketch mode. The room tag updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights.9. 10. Select Room #2. s Change the word Room to Manager. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.

s Tagged various objects.rvt. enter Sales. 15.14. Schedules s 365 . Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. On the Properties palette. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. In this exercise. s Added a room separation. for Name.

Create a Room Schedule 1. On the View tab. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In the Available Fields pane. 4. select Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click Add--> after each selection. Set the Sort By value to Number. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. and Area to be included in your schedule. Create panel.Schedules . Name. For Name.rvt. The completed exercise 5. enter Square Footage Report. Click OK. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 2. 3.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 6. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order.

s Set Alignment to Right. 10. Schedules s 367 . This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. 9. Click OK. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Grand Totals. s Click Field Format. clear Use Project Settings. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. In the Format dialog box. Highlight the Area field.7. 8. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click the Formatting tab. Change the Heading to No. s Select Calculate Totals. Select Title and Totals from the list. Highlight the Number field.

12.Schedules . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In this exercise.11. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Totaled one of the columns.rvt. you: s Created a room schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.

Double-click it to open it. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. The file is created. you export the room schedule to a text file. 2. 4. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report.txt) file. Browse to a directory to save your report. You can then use this file in other applications.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Click OK. On the application menu. 6. Click Save. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Schedules s 369 . Note the formatting that has been applied.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 3. Using your Windows Explorer. 5. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. locate the file you created. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1.

Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. Close the text file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. In this exercise. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.

d. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False Summary/Questions s 371 . 2. A list of sheets used in a project. a. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. None of the above. False 4. Questions 1. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. s Reformat a schedule. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. s Load a schedule tag. Matrix d. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. True b. Type b. What is a schedule table? a. b. Quantity c. Instance 3. s Export a schedule. s Place a schedule tag. True b. c.

Home d. Modify 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To export a schedule. CSV d. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. Application menu d. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. TXT b. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. XLS c. Annotate tab b. Manage tab 3. Annotate b. a. View c. use the ____ .Schedules . View tab c.

Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 4. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization. (Student) Evaluate Students. 2.

Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Finally. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add planting components. s Export an FBX file. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Create a raytrace rendering.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Export a walkthrough. After completing this lesson. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. The animation file can be played in any media player.Visualization . s Play a walkthrough. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Assign materials. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Math (STEM). you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Orient walls and windows. you create a walkthrough. Technology. s Place a camera. s Create and edit a walkthrough. or camera on a path. and Language Arts. Engineering.

courseware datasets. Open Unit2_custom_family. You worked on animations. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Click Zoom to Fit. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. s s 2. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export.rvt. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. To prepare your model for rendering.

verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select any exterior wall. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 4. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The walls now display layers of materials. Stud. 6. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. The wall display updates. 5. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.3. Right-click. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select one of the exterior walls. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.Visualization . All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

8. Open the Default 3D view.7. Select Site: Grass. Repeat the process for the windows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select the toposurface object. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Visualization s 377 . you can: s s s 9. 10. Click Change wall's orientation. Right-click. Click OK. Select walls. In addition to using the control arrows. On the Properties palette. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.

Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Export the Model to FBX 1. 12. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.Visualization . 2. Select the Roof. you have completed this exercise. Depending on your system resources. for Files of type. click Import > Import. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.11. select Autodesk (*. click Export > FBX. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.FBX). Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Open 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. On the application menu. 3. This will filter the file list.rvt. Note the file location. Select the file name. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Save the file as Unit10_Export. and click Open.

open Unit10_Export. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Note the file location. Close the file without saving. you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to DWG 1. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Visualization s 379 . Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 2. There is no way to update it from Revit. On the application menu. click Next. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.rvt. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 3.4. Depending on your system resources. If necessary. Open or return to Revit.

8.4. If necessary. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Open or return to Revit.rvt.max. click References > File Link Manager. In the File Link Manager . Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click Attach This File. On the application menu. 7. Open 3ds Max Design. click File. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 6. 9.Visualization . 5. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Select the file name. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Close the File Link Manager. Select two windows as shown. Click Open. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . open Unit10_Export.

12. Open the 3D view. The windows have updated. In the dialog box. Save the export file using the same name as before. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72".10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. On the application menu. Save the file. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 13. 11.

s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open the Files tab. The linked file updates. Open the File Link Manager. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.Visualization . In this exercise. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. The windows have changed. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Oriented walls and windows. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.14. s Changed a material definition. 15. s Close the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click Reload.

If you place the camera too close to the model. 3. Place a Camera 1.rvt. In this exercise. Visualization s 383 . you place a camera in a model. change materials. 2. Create panel. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. generate a rendering. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. On the View tab. Open the Site view. as shown. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. add plantings to the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. click Camera. and create a second rendering. Open Unit10_Export. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

If necessary. On the View Control Bar. Open the Site view again. The camera will be visible. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Show Rendering Dialog. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. The camera perspective view opens. Render Setup 1. 2.4. 7. 5. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. select Very Few Clouds. s s s s Open a floor plan view. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Return to the perspective view. Click Show Camera. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Right-click. 6.Visualization .

3. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Click Render.3. 2. Open view 3D View 1. and Lighting. s Click Render. Enhance the Model 1. On the Massing & Site tab. Accept the default settings for Quality. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Visualization s 385 . Model Site panel.30' approximately as shown. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. click Site Component. Output Settings. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Open the Site view.

4. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 6. click Save to Project. 3. Select the roof. Revit places the image in its own view. 5.Wood Shake. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Select an exterior wall. In the Save to Project dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. click OK. In the Layer 1 Material field. and you can now select elements for editing.4.Visualization . Change Materials 1. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. In the Rendering dialog box. 2. The model displays in the view. select Roofing . 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 5. In the Materials list. click Show the Model. In the Rendering dialog box.

9. 7. 8. Visualization s 387 .10. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Replace.

13. In this exercise. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a second render image. 16. click Render. Select Masonry . s Edited materials in model components. click Save to Project. The new image is placed in its own view.Visualization .rvt. 15. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 12. s Generated and captured a render image. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Created a raytrace setup. In the Rendering dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_render.Brick Uniform Running Brown. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.11. 14. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client.

s Right-click again. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. The camera and path can be edited. Click Zoom Out (2x). Click Zoom to Fit. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s View the animation in a media player. s Right-click.rvt. Each view. In this exercise. Open floor plan view Level 1. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. and exported individually. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. or walkthroughs. 3.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Edit the camera and path. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. To place a key frame. Open Unit10_render. or frame. in a project model. The cursor changes to a crosshair. rendered. click 3d View > Walkthrough. Visualization s 389 . A walkthrough places a camera on a path. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s On the View tab. 2. 4. click to the left of the model as shown. Create panel.

Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 9. so that the camera is pointing at the model. click Finish Walkthrough. Repeat for all the key frames. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Select the direction control for the camera. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 8.5. The Options Bar changes. 7. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Walkthrough panel. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Edit Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. 10. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. The camera is located on the final key frame. 6. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. 11.Visualization .

The path displays control dots at key frames. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 391 . select Path.12. Click Open. 2. On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. If camera positions distort. 13. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Check the view in several key frames. Drag the path away from the model as shown. click Next Key Frame. Click Edit Walkthrough. From the Controls list. 3.

File Name. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Revit generates the external AVI file. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click OK. 2.Visualization . In the Length/Format dialog box. click OK. select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Export the Walkthrough 1. notice where you save the file. On the application menu. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Click Play. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. 2. 3. In the Video Compression dialog box. Click Save.rvt.Play the Walkthrough 1.

Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player. 6. such as shaded or rendering. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Double-click the new file name. Plan your class time accordingly.5. Visualization s 393 . You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.

you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you have made changes to the building model. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.Visualization . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Played the animation file in a media player. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Edited the path. In this exercise.7. save the Revit Architecture file.

To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you use: a. True b. Save As > FBX c. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Create and edit a walkthrough. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. Align c. View > Shading d. s Apply shading to a view. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Questions 1. Flip Orientation d. s Place a camera. False 2. a. s Export a walkthrough. you use: a. a. s Play a walkthrough. a. Export > FBX 3. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Split b. True b. Demolish 2. s Add planting components. True b. s Export an FBX file. s Orient walls and windows. s Create a raytrace rendering. Print to File b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Assign materials.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 3. Lesson Plan 1. 5. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. In the following exercises. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. beam systems. beams and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. beams. foundations. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. Review structural columns. and braces. 2. 6.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. you learn how to place structural columns.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 .

and other structural elements will be located in a building.Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. beams.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.Structural . especially columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Knowing where structural members. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. walls. and other building objects.

Place beam systems and braces. Structural s 401 . you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Engineering. Create column grids. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. Math (STEM).Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology.

Hide Category. On the Build panel of the Home tab. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. 1. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. spans without walls. In residential construction. On the View Control Bar. this is known as post and beam construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Select a floor. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. 2. click Column > Structural Column. wood. In this exercise. beams can be steel. wood.Structural . As with columns. Structural columns can be steel. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. often mainly glass. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. or reinforced concrete. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. 3.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. or concrete. Beams connect columns or walls. Open Deck Framing. They come in types defined by size and shape. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Temporary Hide/Isolate . The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.

3A. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 6.4. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 5. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Repeat at grid intersections 2A. On the Options Bar. click Depth. 8. On the View Control Bar. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and 4B. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 7. In the Type Selector. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Structural s 403 .

Right-click. and columns clearly. Click OK. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click Hide In View > Element. 11. 2. 10. Hold CTRL and select the two floors.9. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Project Browser. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Place Beams 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. Click OK.

Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. click Beam. 4. select Chain. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. On the Options Bar.3. Structure panel. On the Structure tab. To place beams: Structural s 405 . In the Type Selector. 5. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. s In the view window.

6. On the Properties palette. Click. 7. Click Modify.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.Structural . Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.

Click. 11. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. click Beam. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 12. In this exercise.8. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. as shown. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click on grid intersection B4. 9. Structure panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. On the Properties palette. Structural s 407 . Click OK. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. click Make Wall Bearing. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.rvt. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Click Modify.

3. The completed exercise 5. click Beam System. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. 4. Structure panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Place braces. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.rvt. In this exercise. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. On the Structure tab. click Sketch Beam System. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Click the beam on Grid 1. Place Beam Systems 1. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Place beam systems. click Pick Supports.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. distance. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. click No. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets.Structural . Open Plan View Deck Framing. or number of beams in a bay. 2. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Open Deck Beams.

Structural s 409 .6. click Line. as shown. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall. 7. On the Draw panel.

s s s On the Draw panel.Structural . 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. On the Properties palette. click Create Similar. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click Finish. Click the beam on Grid 2. s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. 10. Trim as necessary. click Line.8. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Pick Supports. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. 11.2". To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.6". click Finish (green check). s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Mode panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s 9. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.

5. unlike regular elevations. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Structure panel. 2. as shown. On the View tab. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Create panel. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 4. Structural s 411 . double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser.Place Braces 1. It has an automatic work plane. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 3. click Brace. On the View Control Bar. On the Structure tab. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Click to place the elevation.

6. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace. 7. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the Type Selector. In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . Repeat the brace going right to left. 9. Click Modify. 8.

rvt. you: s Placed beam systems. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 .10. Save the file as Deck structure. In this exercise. 11. s Placed braces.

Structural . Pull the cursor straight up. You can change a grid number at any time. In plan views. beams. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. as shown.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. click Grid. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. In this exercise. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. The numbering automatically increments. s s In the view window. Datum panel. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. and section views. The exact location is not critical. but they can also be angular and radial. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. This is a common step early in designing a large building. elevation. Grid datasets. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. click in the lower left to start a grid line. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. and walls. The exact length is not critical. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.

Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place a new grid line. 4.3. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 .

Pull the cursor to the left. 6. Pull the cursor to the right. The new grid line is number 5. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. click to place the grid line. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0".5.Structural . Enter A at the keyboard. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Click to start a grid line. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. close to the heads. The new grid line will be number 3. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 7. Grid 3 is already the selection set. click Copy. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s Select Grid Line 2. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Press ENTER.

This grid line will be number B.1 is still selected. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Grid 2. Structural s 417 .1. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Click to place the grid line. This completes the main grid. s Select grid 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. On the grid line. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. 9. s Click Copy. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. 10.8. click the elbow control to place an offset. 11. The Grid tool is still active. Change the number to 2.

Click in the new grid bubble. Create panel.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. enter 15. On the Draw panel.Structural .000 o . Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Options Bar. s Click to start the grid line. click Grid. Change the number to EE. 3. On the Draw panel. Click to place the grid head. Press ENTER. click Radius. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". s s Click grid intersection D3. select Center-Ends Arc. set Offset to 15'-0". 4. In the Radius field. click Pick. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Zoom to Fit.

This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. 6. You will need to identify it easily. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click to place grid FF. Drag it down below the radial grids. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. 7. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool.5. Structural s 419 .

Click to place the grid line. Click in the new grid bubble. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Click grid intersection D3.000. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s In this exercise.Pick Axis. click Create Similar. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.Structural .8. Enter 31 to change the name. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Select grid 31. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. 11. s 10. Press ENTER. Revit will create grid 32. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. click Mirror . s Select grid 3.rvt. 9. Zoom to Fit.

Structure panel. In this exercise. This is a steel column. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structural s 421 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. 2. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Use a column grid to place beams. click Column > Structural Column. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. In the Type Selector. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. you typically create a grid. s 3. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. As a result.

2.s s On the Options Bar. In the Multiple panel. B. A. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 4. set Height to Level 3. 5. 3. On the Multiple panel. C and D. click At Grids. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. click Finish. 6. 4.Structural .

click Beam. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Click Grid 1. 3. Structural s 423 . 4. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. columns. The grid. Zoom to Fit. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Finish. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Window-select all the grid lines. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 5. click On Grids.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Multiple panel. 2.

On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Click Redo. 6. click Finish. Open the Default 3D view. click At Columns. On the Multiple panel. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Undo. 1. 3. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 4. On the Quick Access toolbar. 2. window-select all the columns. click Isolated. On the Multiple panel. Columns and beams will move to the right.Structural . Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. In the view window.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click No.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. To change the size of the footing.5. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 7. s On the Properties palette. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing changes size. The footing had been placed at Level 1. A warning displays. Click OK. 6. in the Type Selector. Structural s 425 .

Structural . Save and close the file. In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Added footings to columns.8. s Changed a grid layout. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.Structural . using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place beam systems.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. 2. Column b. s Place braces. s Add footings to columns. All of the above. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. True b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. Questions 1. Brace c. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.

True b. To create a beam system. A but not B. c. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. False 4. When placing columns or beams. Use grid lines and grid intersections. d.Structural . If you relocate a grid line. d. To change the height of a column. a. Stretch b. True b. A and B. b. you: a. Flip Orientation d. b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. All of the above. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Pick points. c. you use: a. 2. 3. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . a. Select the type of beam or column to place. 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select a beam type and define the system layout. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Properties c. you can: a.

Ltd. CA Ronald A Williams. Milwaukee. Smith . International Technology Education Association www. South Division High School.Instructor. Copyright s 431 .iteaconnect.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. WI Roger Dohm . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Director.org Project Lead the Way.Executive Director.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Mathematics.Teacher.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Inc. Randy Dymond. Susan Harrington . Starkweather . Poway. PE .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Poway High School.

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