Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

roofs. You can add building elements in plan. Other building elements such as doors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. windows. stairs. elevation. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . floors. section. furniture.Software Tools . and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. and 3D views. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.

In the two illustrations shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. or at any time after.While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. In the illustration shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . If one is moved.

all the windows obey their constraints.Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Technology. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Math (STEM). and math standards. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. engineering. and Language Arts. s Constrain placement of objects. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Place a predefined Mass family. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.

The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. There are mass families available to load into a project. A designer. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.Software Tools . 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then converted into building components such as floors. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. such as distance requirements from roadways. roofs. owner. you can create in-place masses. or masses. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. size. walls. Masses can be edited in many ways. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. quickly. and curtain systems. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. walls. or within. roofs.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . and curtain systems by selecting faces of.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. technology. This lesson relates to science. s Explain the use of dimensions. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. tags. legends. and symbol heads. Annotation includes text notes. engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and Language Arts.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Math (STEM). Engineering. and math standards. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear. radial. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools .

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Software Tools . Technology.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. the Type Selector. engineering. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. This lesson relates to science. s Work with tool buttons. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Engineering. and Language Arts. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Open and use ribbon tabs. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Options Bar. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.

The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Some commands will not be active (that is.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. windows. beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. and rooms. doors. Display and Navigation s 31 . for instance. Its position is fixed.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

detailing.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. braces. and foundations. structural walls. columns. and text. slabs. symbols. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Display and Navigation s 33 . trusses.

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Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

copy/paste. and inquiry. materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. Context tabs display as you work. and parameters.Software Tools . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save.Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print. and Close. This menu has file management tools such as New. Open. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. sheets. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. families. and groups.Software Tools . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Legends.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.Software Tools . sun settings. level of detail. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. Windows panel on the ribbon. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. visual style. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. shadow display. A check mark indicates it is visible. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. cropping. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. rendering (in 3D views). To toggle the Project Browser on/off. View Control Bar View scale. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.

View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. To change the scale of a view. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Display and Navigation s 43 . but not at Coarse.

Shaded with Edges. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default. Hidden Line.Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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or by global location. Display and Navigation s 47 . The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. which can be according to the view.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 .

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

enabling you to select them. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls.

All views are listed in the Project Browser. Manage and Modify. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. To activate or open a view. Nine tabs are available: Home. Insert. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Collaborate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. View. Display and Navigation s 55 . expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. Structure. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Annotate. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 57 . the Options Bar may display below it. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette. Options Bar. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. When a context tab is active.Context Tabs. a context tab opens on the ribbon. showing options that you can select while you are working. If you select items in the view window. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

such as File Open. File Save. Click a file name to open that file. File Close only appears on the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files. New File. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Print. and Publish. Export. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Display and Navigation s 65 .

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The panel titles display under the tab titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. To start a new project. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. make the Home tab active. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. 3. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Display and Navigation s 67 . If you select the menu option.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. 2. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. After you have examined each of them. On the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. or click New > Project from the application menu. The completed exercise 4. Do this for other tabs. click OK in the dialog box that opens.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.Software Tools . Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Close the file without saving. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. In this exercise. 6.5. 7. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then viewed. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. you opened a project file. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Cycle Through All.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started. doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Exercise 2. Open quick_start_building_elements. 2. In the Project Browser. Display and Navigation s 69 .

6. 5. doors. 7. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. and windows highlight blue. On the Properties palette. Clear Walls and Doors. You are selecting everything visible.Software Tools . Click OK.3. . Click the door in the upper left of the model. 8. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click any interior wall. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 4. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. all the walls.

click Create panel > Create Similar. Place a door as shown. 10. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. In this exercise. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Display and Navigation s 71 .9. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt. Click any door. 11. you opened a project file. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. 12. On the Properties palette. examined the menus and toolbars. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Select any window to verify that it has changed type.

Pan. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. templates. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Technology. lines. You can create sections.Software Tools . and 3D views using the View menu. and views. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Work with Revit families. Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit provides floor plan. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). s Create a new in-place family. In the exercises. ceiling plan.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . annotations. either predefined or user-created. drafting views. building elements (walls. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. operating settings. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Load and place component families. floors). and elevation views by default. display controls. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. mechanical equipment). schedules. System families include levels.

Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering. and math standards. technology.This lesson relates to science.

Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Open Unit2_building_elements. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Right-click. VG also opens the dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Rightclick in the view window. First. The display changes. The elevation markers disappear from the view. 2. Clear the check mark next to Elevations.rvt.Software Tools . There is also a copy in the course datasets. There is no way to see everything in it. is an extensive database. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotation Categories tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Visibility 1.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Four elevation markers are visible. even a small one. 3.

You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Enter ZF. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click.4. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Zoom to Fit. Select Detail Level: Medium. Select the roof outline. In the Project Browser. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. There are two parts to an elevation. Right-click. click Detail Level. 7. Click Open. On the View Control Bar. Click and drag the cursor as shown. so be sure to select them both. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. 5. 6. Click Zoom In Region. select Ceiling Plan Level 1.

On the Properties palette. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit. change the Underlay value to None. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. as before. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. View Properties 1. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.8. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Enter VH. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Turn off visibility of the elevations. 2. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. doors and windows are not shown. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.Software Tools .

All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. click Edit.0". and where the cut plane sits. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Set the cut plane value to 7' . By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click OK. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.3. Next to View Range. the ridge is now visible. Right-click. enter Roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 4. For Name. Click Rename.

Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. under Solar Study. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 2. In the Presets list. 5. Open Elevation view South. select Shadows On. select Shading with Edges.Software Tools . Accept the location that activates. In the Sun Settings dialog box. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Winter Solstice. select Still.Graphic Display Options 1. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 4. In the dialog box that opens. 3. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8.

You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. In this exercise. 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rvt.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Save the file as Unit2_views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .

walls. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. floors. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and annotations are examples of standard families. load. furniture.rvt. furniture). 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . such as levels. and place Revit families. In Revit. You add closet doors to interior walls. Doors are considered standard family entities. you open an existing project file. roofs. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. On the Home tab. standard families. windows. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. These components are called families and there are several different types. or institutional structures. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Open Unit2_views. and use a Revit family to place a door. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Additionally. and families in place.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. or stand-alone (for example. is predefined within Revit. windows. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and so on. Build panel. doors and windows are dependent on walls).Software Tools . and floors. Doors. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. and furniture. s A system family. commercial. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. lights. click Door. 3. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 2. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. There are system families. railings.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Furniture. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. As you move your cursor near any wall. You click to place an instance of the door family. Family files have a file extension of *. 4. s s 6. Accept the default size. Project files have a file extension of *. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. On the Modify | Place Door tab. 5. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Click Open. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. a door appears along with temporary dimensions.rvt. Click the Doors folder. and Annotation. Locate Double Panel 2.rfa. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click Open.rfa. It has a number of different sizes defined. Tag panel. If you highlight a door family.

9. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Place two more instances of the door as shown.Software Tools . 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . but not strongly.rvt. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. loaded. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Place an instance of the door as shown. you located. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. and placed instances of a door family. 8.7. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. simply click it.

Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 2. 5. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. you open an existing project file. 3. modify a door family. Working with Views and Objects s 83 .Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.rvt. click Duplicate. The required width is not available. For Name. Open Unit2_doors_walls. This door needs to be 48" wide. 4. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. and create an in-place family. Select the double door as shown. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click OK. enter 48" x 80". In the Type Properties dialog box.

The door updates. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment.Software Tools . 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 2. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK. enter Hall Clock. click Component > Model In-Place. On the Home tab. Click OK. 5. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Build panel.6. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. In the dialog box. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 3. 4. 1. select Generic Models. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. is to create a component family in place. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. For Name.

Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). you located. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. click Rectangle. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. On the Draw panel. 9. 13.4" as shown. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 11. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. The family model updates. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .rvt. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. You have created the base of the clock. In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . loaded. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.0' 2". 8. Click OK.2". 12. 10. 7. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. as shown.6. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Revit will display . and placed a door family.

Software Tools . s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s What is binary math. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.

False 5. s Access.Software Tools . and Options Bar. Turn on Shadows. Questions 1. b. Zoom to the entire model. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. and click Open. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Views can be renamed. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. False 3. Either a or b. Each project has several predefined views. d. c. c. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. True b. False 4. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Go to View > View Name in the menu. To activate a view: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. and place a family from a library. Right-click. True b. s Change view displays. 6. a. s Create an in-place model family. context tabs. tab. depending on the template selected. 7. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. False 2. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. d. a. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. s Change type properties of a family. Spin the model in 3D space. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Open different views. b. load. The tool shown is used to: a. s Change view properties. c. Create a 3D perspective view. b. d. s Adjust Visual Style Options.

a. Blocks c. etc. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Project Browser d. Parts d. windows. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Pan and Zoom b. Scroll d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . All of the above. If you have a scroll wheel mouse.) are called: a. depending on settings 9.8. Rotate c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. System c. a. Properties palette 10. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Multiview b. Families 11. A family created within a project is called ________________. In-Place d. Standard b.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s Duplicate and modify views. 6. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 8. 3.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 5. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create dimension and text styles. 9. s Create a project template. s Create dimensions and text. 4. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 7. s Create labels. Lesson Plan 1.

Explain why templates are used. Engineering. Visit the AIA website at www. Many cities and counties have their own rules.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. defining the layers. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.org. should be used. colors. Math (STEM). 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and the settings that are preset within them. and Language Arts.Standards and Building Codes .org. linetypes. Technology. based on the AIA standards. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. colors. and so forth. Visit the AIAS website at www. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.aias. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson. linetypes. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.aia. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering. and math standards.

doors. a common area (such as a living room or family room). Drawing Units Architectural drawing. one window. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. If there is a fire. windows. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. and so on. defined and adopted by convention. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. For example. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. otherwise it is considered a carport. and one closet.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. like mechanical drawing. a bathroom. the number being its numerical value. and so on. it cannot be called a bedroom. a garage. A unit is a particular physical quantity. If it lacks any of these components. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. it must have at least one door. A garage must be completely enclosed.Standards and Building Codes .

is 555 ft. in the United States. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. In architectural drafting. is 169 m. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. and other materials.. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. using imperial units. unit symbol ft. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. or imperial. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. the construction industry still uses the English. also known as the International System of Units. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. glass. such as room size and wall height. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system.. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Here h is the physical quantity. Another method is to apply dual notation.For example. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. However. its value is expressed in the unit meter. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. unit symbol m. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . units are applied to dimensions.

because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".Standards and Building Codes . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). In Revit Architecture. Each size is designated by a letter. line weight and pattern. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .) 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Scales are ratios. every 1/8" would represent 1'. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. sheets. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. one value representing another value. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and viewports. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.

The integers go from 0 to 9. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. elevators. You create and position views. notes Demolition. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.01. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.a modified version of the AIA standard. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . symbols. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. site plan. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. temporary Schedules Sections. and then add a title block or other symbols. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.

and so on. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the author of the drawing. The column is divided into sections. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. and layer standards. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. the HVAC company. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. and other relevant information. annotation plot sizes. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. so that the height is less than the width. For example. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The paper is oriented landscape. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. followed by information on the building's owner. the date drawn. Usually. The next space is for tracking revisions. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. fonts.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover.Standards and Building Codes . drawing scales. Typically. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. that is. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. the electrician.

in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . dimension and text styles. required symbols. layer settings. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. title blocks. and so forth.

Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. These can be used to build your model. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. windows. Technology. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. dimension styles. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Math (STEM). and walls. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes . and Language Arts. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. views.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . apartments. 3. In Revit. In the New Project dialog box. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Condominiums.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. you create a new project file using a template. or store. 2. click Browse. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. you use templates as starting points. Open Revit to an empty project file.Standards and Building Codes . factory. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Select a Template 1. click New > Project. On the application menu. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.

click Close to close this project without saving.4. 5. Click Open. In this exercise. Settings s 103 . saving set up time. you started a new project file using a standard template. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 6. Select the Residential-Default. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click OK. On the application menu.

104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. open ADA__Settings. s Place the cursor over the left wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. the drawing setup options are preset. In the Project Browser. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.rvt.Standards and Building Codes . The Wall tool remains active. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. 2. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Pull the cursor to the right. In the courseware datasets folder. click Wall. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Press ESC to cancel the wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. expand Floor Plans under Views. Click to start a new wall. 3.

s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Close the file without saving. 5. and move the cursor right. Place the cursor over the left wall. click to start a new wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click OK twice to save the setting change. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.4. 7.) 6. 8. Click Format for Length. Settings s 105 . In this exercise. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. s Set Unit symbol to m. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

In the Type Properties dialog box. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. click Duplicate. there are two types of dimensions. By default. Dimension panel. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. For Name. Open ADA_Dimensions. 3. Click OK. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. On the Properties palette. click Aligned. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Annotate tab. or insert components. create. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 2. enter Big Text.Standards and Building Codes . but also control the size and location of objects. click Edit Type. 1. dimensions not only display. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar.rvt. 4. temporary and permanent.

left. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The Dimension tool is still active. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. and bottom horizontal walls. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Click to place.5. 7. s Click OK twice. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. 6. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Select the top. Settings s 107 .

Standards and Building Codes . you opened an existing file. The Dimension tool stays active. 9. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .8. Close the file without saving. In this exercise. created a new dimension style. and far right vertical walls. Click to place the dimension. s s s Select the far left. upper. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.

Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. 2. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Right-click. In the datasets folder. There are no annotations visible. Notice the door and window tags. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. 3. In order to do this. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. and the view window displays the new plan.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. These are annotations. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Settings s 109 . The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.

Click OK. Model Categories tab. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Double-click to open it. click Project Information. Settings panel. 5. 1. Click Rename. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 7. In the Project Browser. On the Manage tab. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1.4. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. In the Project Browser. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. select Floor Plan: Level 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Click OK to update the display of this view. 8.Standards and Building Codes . 6. 9.

Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.Add a Sheet 1. Click New Sheet. You can also enter the address of your school. Enter the address as shown. Settings s 111 . (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 2. click Edit. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 3. Click OK. Rightclick. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click OK. or supply your own values: Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.

s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Next. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. 5. Notice the change to the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Identity Data and Other sections. Click Apply.Standards and Building Codes .4.

You see the view at the end of your cursor. Settings s 113 . Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Deactivate View. Click Activate View. 4. 2. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click in the view. Right-click. 3.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select the new viewport.

deselect it. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Finish the move. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Placed a view on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. The Scale updates in the title block.Standards and Building Codes . of the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. 6.5. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. The view updates on the sheet. s Added a sheet. you: select it. Place the cursor 7.

you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. This is one of the longer exercises.rft. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). It opens to the Recent Files window. Click Open. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 3. On the application menu.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.5. 2. 4. A copy of the 11 x 8. Settings s 115 .5 title block template opens. Select A-11x8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. click New > Titleblock. Start Revit Architecture.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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s Click Add. Add a label for Checked By. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. In this exercise. Right-click.Standards and Building Codes .Landscape. 15.rfa. you created a title block using a template file. click Save to save the title block. Accept the Sample Value. On the Quick Access toolbar. click Close. 14. Save the title block as A . 10.9. Click Zoom to Fit. 13. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. select Drawn By. 12. Accept the Sample Value. 11. Add a label for Sheet Number. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. s Accept the Sample Value. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Your teacher may specify another location.

A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 3. you create a new project file. Highlight the title block and click OK. Insert a Title Block 1. Settings s 125 . 5. and then load a custom title block into your project. click New to create a new project using the default template. In the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Your title block is now displayed in the list. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 2. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 4. The title block appears in the graphics window. Locate your title block. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. On the View tab. Click Open. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks.

The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Click OK. Click OK. s For Checked By. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Drawn By.Standards and Building Codes . Settings panel. you a created a new project file. In this exercise. 3. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. 2. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Change the Project Issue Date to today's date.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Click OK. Select the title block. 5.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Manage tab. enter your instructor's name. 4. enter your name. click Project Information. enter Student Project Unit 3. On the Properties palette.

and slope angle. such as 3D and plan views. In this exercise. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. click New > Project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. In the New Project dialog box. in addition to predefined wall types. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. a dimension style. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. On the application menu. 2. On the Insert tab. 3. you define the title block. 1.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. settings. Click OK. There are various settings you can define for your template. including how the rendered image looks. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Families: Load in families you use most often. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. and the units for your custom template. angles. select Project Template. you create a new project file. and geometry from the template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Create a Template In this exercise. and then load them like families. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components.

On the Manage tab. Open the title block A . On the Annotate tab. Next.4. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". create a Dimension Style.Landscape. Click the Length field in the Format column. Click OK. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For Name. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. In the Type Properties dialog box. Set the units for the template. 8. 10. There will be no visible change. click Duplicate. click Settings panel > Project Units. 9. 6. Click OK twice. You create a custom dimension style.rfa.Standards and Building Codes . 7. enter 3/16" Verdana. 5.

Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. On the Properties palette.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. In the Project Browser. Select the A . 14. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Rightclick. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. select Sheets (All). Click OK. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 15. 12.11. Click New Sheet. Settings s 129 .

The title block updates.16. and units that you defined. Save the file name as A-English template. In this exercise. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You can use this template for future projects. as well as dimension style and units. Save your project template in your class project folder. Click OK. 17.Standards and Building Codes . title block. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.rte. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you created a new template file using a dimension style.

s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. or new combinations of existing materials. abstract format.

1:32 5. S.02 b. s Create a text style. Metric d. s Change dimension colors. True b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create dimensions. s Create a dimension style. 1:12 c. and symbols used in drawing? a. A. a. s Create a title block. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. NCSESA 2. English c. a. A unit 4. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". 1:3 b.Standards and Building Codes .Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. 1:24 d. A. Using AIA Standards. False 3.02 d. UBC c. a. s Change lineweight. A particular physical quantity.05 c. is defined as what? a. NCTM d. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. General Questions 1. s Create a template.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles. An architect b. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. P. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create text. s Create labels. AIA b.

Project Tools dialog box > Units d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu > Properties b. True b. In Revit Architecture. By default. Application menu > New > Sheet b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . a. Wall midpoints d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. False 4. To create a new sheet. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. you click: a. False 6. True b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. True b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. dimensions snap to: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. To change the scale of a view. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. a. you use: a. Point offsets 3. Wall centerlines c. To set the units in a project. Wall faces b.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 3. 6. 5. s Define a wall structure. s Align walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 4. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.

About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. After completing this lesson. them. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. their construction and materials. List the different types of occupancy. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and protect its interior spaces. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.Walls . Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. separate. or filling in between. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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but it disappears when you begin another action. a dashed line displays. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Walls s 151 . 4. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length.3. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. an angular dimension displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Select the Single Line option. indicating wall length. Expand the Type Selector list. Enter 10. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. 5. the dimension updates incrementally.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. As you continue to move the cursor. Click to set the endpoint. After you create the wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Clear the Chain option. Stud. To modify a dimension. Select Basic Wall: Exterior .Brick on Mtl. click it to open an edit field. It will not print. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.

On the View Control Bar. Click the wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Set the Detail Level to Medium. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. the controls may sit on top of one another. 8. Select panel. Depending on your zoom in the view. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. On the Modify | Walls tab. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly.Walls . click Modify to stop placing walls. click Create Similar. Press ENTER. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. 7. The wall does not show any internal detail. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Click to start the next wall. Create panel. click the Detail Level icon.6. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. enter 7.

Because you drew the wall from up to down. no matter where you move the cursor.9. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Notice that two dimensions display. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Also. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Walls s 153 . Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Select the right vertical wall. release the mouse button to set a new length. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Click Modify. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. 10. an alignment line displays. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.

Click Cancel. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. When using the Chain option. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Repeat. 15. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.11. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 14. On the Home tab. Right-click. 16. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Select the lower vertical wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls.Walls . 13. Build panel. 12. Sketch the walls as shown. click Wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.

Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Create Similar again. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. After clicking the second end. 19.rvt. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0".18. 20. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Clear the Chain option. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. In this exercise. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 17. Click Zoom to Fit. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Walls s 155 . Click Modify.

trim. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. fillet. 4. you first split the walls at the intersections. and extend walls. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown.Walls . Click Modify.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. align. 2. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Split Walls 1. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Both split walls are shown below. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. You now remove the upper right corner.rvt from the previous exercise. To do this. 3. This exercise illustrates how to split. Do the same for the vertical wall. Only part of the wall highlights. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.

Walls s 157 . You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 4. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Options Bar. If you make a mistake. Click Fillet Arc. click Create Similar. Enter 5'. You can also click the flip control. click Undo and repeat the steps. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value.Fillet Walls 1. Select any wall. click Delete. Modify panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. Create panel. On the Modify | Wall tab. select Radius. 2. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 3. 5.

You align the wall in the next steps.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.Walls . select Basic Wall: Interior . 2. The Wall tool is still active. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Place an interior wall as shown. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 3. 1.

Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. The length is not critical. clear Chain.4. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s On the Options Bar. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. such as location lines. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. Walls s 159 . Pull the cursor straight up. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. You can select other parts of walls for alignment.

5. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Select the vertical wall as shown.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This will be the border. 3. The length is not critical. 6. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the horizontal wall as shown. This will extend to the border. Select the two interior walls in turn. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 2. 4. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. The walls can cross.Walls .

Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. In this exercise.7. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. align. Walls s 161 . fillet. and trim.rvt.

and vary in cost. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3.Walls . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 1. In the Project Browser. The Modify tool is active by default. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. satisfy different requirements. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 2. click Edit Type. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. On the Properties palette.rvt in the courseware datasets folder.

To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. s Select Finish 1 [4]. except Core Boundary. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click Up. 7. To edit the structure of the wall. When you are finished. 8. 6. Click Insert twice. Walls s 163 . Click OK. Every layer of a wall. click Edit in the Structure value field. 5. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Click the number of Layer 3. Add two additional layers to the wall. the wall structure should be as shown. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. has a Function you can edit.4. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. For Name. s Click Down twice. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1.

10. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 13. s Click the icon that appears at the right. which displays plan or section views. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].9. s Set the Material to Wood .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Modify the Function. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Stud Layer.Interior Gypsum Wall Board.Walls . Material. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 11. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 12. s Set the Material to Finishes . select Finishes .Exterior .

17. Click Apply to update the view. In the Project Browser. 16. 15. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings.14. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Walls s 165 . On the Properties palette. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. select Medium. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. From the Detail level list. expand the Families branch.

18. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Close the file without saving. defined a new wall structure.Walls . or use the scroll bar at the bottom. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. From the Type Selector list. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. You opened an existing file. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. In this exercise. Right-click 8" Exterior. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 20. 19. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.

Be sure to select the wall and not a window. a structural mid-section. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . for example. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. wood rails.Brick on Mtl. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. The model opens in a 3D view. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. In this exercise. Select one of the Exterior . You can define a wall type with these elements. and a decorated interior surface. such as a weatherproof outside surface.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above.rvt. 3. Stud walls as shown. 2. you create and modify vertically compound walls. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.

When you split a layer. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Click Split Region. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 6. You can assign different materials to regions. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Wall structures are Type Properties. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. either horizontally or vertically. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. into regions. highlight one of the borders. or you will lose your changes. In this exercise. so all instances of this type change. If not already expanded. You can set the sample height to any value. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border.4. in the Structure value field.Walls . To split a layer or region horizontally. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 7. To define the structure of the wall. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. click Edit. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You can split regions into other regions. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. 8. 2. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 1. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. You change the type. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. As indicated in the dialog box title. To split a layer or region vertically.

When you merge regions. Walls s 169 . 1. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. After merge. 2. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click Merge Regions. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.3.Brick layer. Prehighlight a border between regions. assign Layer 1. Click to split the region into two parts. Click to merge the two layers. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. In this case. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to merge them. 3. The upper split disappears. 4.

Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. In the Edit dialog box. Click again to return to the original position.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.Walls . Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). You create a new layer and assign it to a region. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 2. 1. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. To create a new wall layer. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. indicating that it is modifiable. 1. to the next parallel line. instead of down. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Click the temporary dimension text. The dimension text turns blue. Press ENTER. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. If you set the split offset down from the top. After a region is split. Click Insert. click Modify. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Change the value to 12. 3. 2. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. s Select the split line. 4. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. you assign the material Masonry Brick . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". 3. Next.

It also shows a thickness value. 9. as shown. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Split Region. Close the file without saving. Walls s 171 . it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click OK. When a layer is selected in the table. In this exercise. and Insert Layer tools.Brick Soldier Course. Merge Region. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 6. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 5. Click Assign Layers. 7. Change the Material to Masonry . because it is now the selected layer. 8. All walls of this type have been changed. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Modify.4. 10. Click OK. The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course layer. It immediately highlights in blue.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. and insulation. ducting. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . piping. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. installed.Walls . earth. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and protected.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and the amount of space you have inside your building.Doors and Windows . Custom types and sizes can also be built. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the ventilation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the view. but also the natural lighting. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 .

An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.Doors and Windows . ft. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.7 sq. An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". if there is no other escape route. The height can be no less than 24".

technology. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. s Center a door in a wall. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Components such as doors. move. and how to position. and math standards. engineering. Engineering. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. how to load additional door and window families. In this unit. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . windows. s Copy windows. Some families are loaded into each empty file. and copy these elements. you learn how to place doors and windows. Technology. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and furniture are defined in family files.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

rvt under the courseware datasets folder. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. click Door. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Build panel. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Add Doors 1. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. 2. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. elevation view. On the Home tab. the door swing would be to the left side. To flip the door.Doors and Windows . or 3D view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. 3. To reverse the swing. When placing doors in a plan view. This can be done in a plan view. In other words. Once a door is placed.

on the Modify | Place Door tab. With the Door command active. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. From the Type Selector list. except for the Type Selector. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80".Load Families 1. 2. In order to keep file size small. and windows into project files. The display does not change. Doors and Windows s 189 . This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. 3. walls. Mode panel. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.rfa. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Select the door Double-Panel 2. click Load Family. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Click Open.

Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.Doors and Windows . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.4. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 5. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. If necessary. From the Type Selector.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. change a temporary dimension. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. Place instances of single doors as shown. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location. or by using the swing control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.

Doors and Windows .rvt.7. Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

On the Home tab. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2. You can place windows in a plan view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Build panel. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Open Unit5_doors.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window after performing another operation. or 3D view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Add Windows 1. approach the wall from the right side. From the Type Selector. When placing windows in a plan view. the outside of the window is to the left side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click Modify and select the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view. click Window.

loaded a door family. Place seven more windows as shown. and placed windows. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. In this exercise. Window tags do not number in sequence. you opened an existing project.rvt. placed doors. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 5.Doors and Windows . You do not need to add dimensions.3.

On the Annotate tab. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. s Align and modify walls. click Aligned. window. Dimension panel. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. and so on. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. wall. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. place a door. 2.rvt. you open an existing project file. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 4. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 1.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. and modify the wall. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. constrain it to be centered in a wall.

Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. This means that if one wall shifts. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Align Walls 1. 5. Select the upper wall first. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . The walls are now aligned. 2. Click the center of the door. The door changes location.s s s s Click the left wall. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Notice the symbol. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. the other wall will remain aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click it and it changes as shown. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the right wall. 6. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here.

Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Change the dimension to 16. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 5.4. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. The walls shift and remain aligned. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.) The dimension value is now shown. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Clear the EQ Display value. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. 3. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 197 . Dimensions display below it.

198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.Doors and Windows . Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.rvt. you placed a continuous dimension. Right-click. In this exercise.6.

especially if there are many different types. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 4. 1. In this exercise. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 2. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. On the Modify | Windows tab.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel. Doors and Windows s 199 . click Create Similar.rvt.

On the Modify | Windows tab. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 3. 2. Modify panel. The window will change appearance. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4. Select the window you just placed.Doors and Windows . click Copy. The window is copied. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point.Copy Windows 1. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.5. Right-click. In this exercise. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.Doors and Windows . heat. flat glass is a recent invention. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. cold.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Align a door or window. s Place a window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. Custom 3. True b. you learned to: s Place doors. 28" b. 34" 4. 32" b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. If a room is used for sleeping. s Copy a door or window. a. a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 30" c. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. s Position a door or window. 32" d. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. Standard b. 40" d. General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 36" c. False 2.

False 5. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Use door grips to reposition. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Insert d. Properties 3. True b. Select the door. d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click Door Properties. 4. Link c. Clone b. False 2. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. c. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. d.Doors and Windows . 6. A reference plane b. Click Modify > Flip Direction. The center snap 7. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Copy 8. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. To change the location of a door or window. Duplicate d. a. To center a door or window in a wall. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Load c. you use ________. Click Door Properties. b. Right-click. you use: a. Offset c. Select the door. b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Select the door. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. c. Click Flip Direction. a. True b. you: a. Load from Library b. a.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate students. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. Review stairs and railings. s Create railings. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 2. 4. 3. s Modify stair boundaries.

After completing this lesson. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and math standards. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then.

and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

About Stairs and Railings s 213 .Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38".

You can define straight runs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. U-shaped stairs. Engineering. of certain horizontal depth or run. you will be able to: s Create stairs. In multistory buildings. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. or vertical circulation. s Create U-shaped stairs. For safety reasons. To review the list of standards for each lesson. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. and stairs. which includes elevators. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. engineering. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). and spiral stairs. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. or tread. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs.Stairs and Railings . The riser and run values update accordingly. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Technology. L-shaped runs with a landing. As you move the cursor. and math standards. s Modify stairs. ramps. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. s Add a railing. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). When you click to establish the start point of stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. You create stairs in a plan view.

turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. On the Properties palette. Stairs and Railings s 217 . you create stairs using a straight run.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. From the courseware datasets folder. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. 3. Zoom in Region to the lobby.rvt. This enables you to place the stairs properly. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This file is in metric units. Before you create the stairs.

The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 5. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. Run is preselected. you create a straight run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. These tools are used to define your stairs. click Stairs.Stairs and Railings . 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this case. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.4. Circulation panel. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Click OK to close the dialog box. On the Home tab.

7. 10. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. and then click to define the run of stairs.6. Select this intersection point to start your run. Stairs and Railings s 219 . You can continue to move the cursor up. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. If you have not fully created the run. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. 8. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 9. Revit displays the number of risers you created. select Finish (green check). indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. As you move the cursor up. To change the run dimension. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. the run footprint stops expanding. On the Mode panel.

13. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click application menu > Save As > Project. To avoid overwriting the original file. and switched to a 3D view. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 12.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. In this exercise.11. you created and placed a straight run stair.Stairs and Railings . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.

This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Level 1. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Activate view Floor Plans.rvt. click Align. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. On the Modify tab. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. 2.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Edit panel. The stair is not centered on the landing. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.

On the Options Bar. Take time to make the selections correctly. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. 5. from the Prefer list. Click the center of the stairs.4. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Click the center of the wall first. You can rotate your model to get a better view. select Wall centerlines. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. If you have a scroll mouse.Stairs and Railings . Open the lobby stair view to see the result. The Align command remains active. which is located at the center of the stairs. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.

s For Name. Change Width to 1350. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Hover the cursor over the railing. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. enter Lobby Stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Select the stairs. and Dimensions subsections. 7. On the Properties palette. 9.6. On the Properties palette. s Click Duplicate. In the Project Browser. As you prehighlight them. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. railings were created with the stairs. Graphics. click Edit Type. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. expand Sections (Building Section). s Click OK. 8. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box.

Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Cherry s s Click Modify.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Lobby Stair View. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Stairs and Railings .10. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .

Click it to select it. 13. Next. Delete this line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. The stair changes to the run sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. The railings change. 14. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector.12. Mode panel. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. click Edit Sketch. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Stairs and Railings s 225 . s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. s Zoom in on the stairs. you change the shape of the stairs.

Click StartEnd-Radius arc. Click Modify. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. s On the Modify panel. On the Draw panel. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 16. To place the second arc endpoint. click Boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created.15. 18. 17. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 19. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.Stairs and Railings . click the left end of the top riser. Click to place the arc.

20. On the Draw panel.21. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. For the third point. Next. select the endpoint of the right boundary. This will define a rounded first step. The left boundary will be mirrored. Click to exit the Mirror command. Stairs and Railings s 227 . First. the arc center point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the left boundary. click Riser.

In this exercise. Open the {3D} view to see the results. You also modified the properties of a railing. you modified stair properties and boundaries. click Finish. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22. On the Mode panel.rvt. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. 23.

Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. This is typically done in plan view. Therefore. you add a railing to a second floor landing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Select the right side railing. Click Modify. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. s s Sketch a Railing 1.rvt from the previous exercise. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you need to define a path for the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. In this case. 3. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. The completed exercise To create a railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you sketch the plan view path. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. 2. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. For simple railings.

You do not need to add dimensions. To set the exact distance. click Line. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Then. click Edit Path. The dimensions are shown as a guide. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 5. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Mode panel. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. On the Draw panel. s s On the Options Bar. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. edit the temporary dimension. 7. select Chain.Stairs and Railings . Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Once the railing is selected. 6. on the Modify | Railings tab.4.

In this exercise. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 9. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp.rvt. Delete your lines and try again. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Stairs and Railings s 231 . You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 8.

232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.rvt from the previous exercise. the stairs appear as a U-shape. s On the Home tab. 2. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. In a floor plan view. set the Offset value to 850. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. s On the Options Bar. Create a Reference Plane 1. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. In this exercise. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. you create a reference plane. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Work Plane panel.

Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click OK twice. Circulation panel. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Stairs and Railings s 233 . On the Properties palette. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Pull the cursor straight up. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. On the Home tab.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. For Name. Matte 2. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Gray. 4. 5. change the Width parameter to 900. Click Edit Type. click Stairs. 3. enter Exit Stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. To start sketching the run. 6. Click OK.

Click to finish the stair run. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Move the pointer to the right. Press ENTER. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.7. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . 9. Click to place the first run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. with none remaining to be created. 8. enter 1925.

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. but they are hidden behind walls. Select the two walls of the stair tower. it is because you have overlapping lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously.10. On the Stairs panel. Remove the additional lines. On the View Control bar. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. To remove the lines. 11. you select Continue to return the sketch. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. 2. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. click Finish Stairs. If you get an error message. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs.

Reset the Display 1. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. and to create a U-shaped stair. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Finally. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Select the stairs so they highlight.rvt. 2. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.3. 3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This is a multistory stair. On the View Control Bar. The exterior walls reappear. On the Properties palette. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 4. 5. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The stairs update to become multistory stairs.Stairs and Railings . 6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Zoom in to see your stairs. you learned to create a reference plane. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. The walls are now hidden.

escalators. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps.

this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Include landings as required by your local building code.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. and deliver riders without wait time. They cost less. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. smoke guards. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. but they can also be highly decorative.Stairs and Railings . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.

Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 25 degrees b. and all treads should be the same run. s Create railings. False Summary/Questions s 239 . s Modify stair boundaries. 180 degrees 3. a. you learned to: s Create stairs. 40" 4. a. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 36" d. b. General Questions 1. 45 degrees c. False 2. True b. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 32" c. 30" b. True b. 90 degrees d.

Attach Railing c. Pick New Host b. Circle 4. a. Treads. Run. risers and treads. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Boundary lines. that is. you use the _______ option. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. False 6. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. a. Arc d. risers b.Stairs and Railings . Manage d. You can apply materials to different stair components. True b. riser d. riser lines c. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Modify c. Align Railing d. Home b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Rectangle c. Railings. risers 3. Insert 2. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Line b. True b. Fasten Railing 5.

(Student) 11. (Student) 3. (Student) 6. (Student) 8.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Place fascia. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Place gutters. (Student) 5. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Discussion) 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 4. (Student) 10. (Student) 9. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 7. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles.

or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. and downspouts. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. After completing this lesson. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . roof types. and pitch of a sloped roof. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Calculate the rise. It addresses roof construction. gutters.Roofs . run. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. tiles. Identify the different roof types.

and Language Arts. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. This lesson relates to science. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Rake: The inclined. technology. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Math (STEM). engineering. Technology. About Roofs s 243 .

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

rot. resistance to wind and fire. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. texture. maintenance. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. and low maintenance roofing material. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. maintenance. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. durability. and color. About Roofs s 245 . brands. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. These are used more often on upscale homes. both low and steep. and if visible. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. the roofing pattern. and if visible. fire-resistant. resulting in at least one textured face. You can use them for many different applications. and color. and sunlight. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and colors. the roofing pattern. They come in several types. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. durability. are designed for shedding water and snow. and sun. snow.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. texture. Sloped roofs. as well as how effective a shelter it is. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. resistance to wind and fire.

cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. When choosing the insulation for your job. This same roof on a clear. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. quality. They are fire-resistant. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. and so forth). fiberglass. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. galvanized steel. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. consider such factors as cost. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. or corrugated structural glass. odor. choose a type that will suit your needs.Roofs . a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. durable. zinc alloy. galvanized steel. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. Unfortunately. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. treatment for insects.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). Therefore. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. reinforced plastic. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. special characteristics (for example. and require little maintenance. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 .

Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . These are commonly used in French-style houses.

but the two sides are not symmetrical. where as. run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 .Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. The run value is typically equal to 12. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. A number indicates the value of the rise. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch.

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 to 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. 7 on 12. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .When designing a roof. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.Roofs . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Create a hip roof. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs s 255 . often supporting a gutter. To create a roof by face. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. snow. Once you create a roof. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. that convey rainwater to drains. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. To create a roof by the extrusion method.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. or eaves. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Create various roof types. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or ice. and fascia. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. or roof overhangs. s Create a roof fascia. s Place gutters. soffits. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. you can add gutters. dormers. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. water.

technology. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Technology. and math standards. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Roofs . and Language Arts.

2. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.rvt. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. To create an extruded roof. Open ADA_Roofs. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. the top of the roof profile is sketched. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. you create an extruded roof. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1..Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 3. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. select the Name option. Click OK to continue. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . In the Work Plane dialog box.

4. select Section: Section 1. On the Work Plane panel. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Click Open View. 6. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Before sketching the roof's profile. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.Roofs . click Ref Plane. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open.5. click Line. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Go To View dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. The section view should display as shown. Draw panel. 2. 3. s Use the image below for guidance.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Click Modify. s Click the EQ toggle. Using the image below for guidance. 5. Roofs s 259 . Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.6. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value.

Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. you can label them. enter Horizontal. The name displays when you select the reference plane. click Finish (green check).Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 4. 1. On the Properties palette. 5. 7. 2. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click OK. click Line. Click Modify. On the Mode panel.Roofs . for Name. 6. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click. s On the Options Bar. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 3. click Chain.

12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Roofs s 261 . 9. Switch to a 3D view.8.

The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 1. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. carefully select the far right roof edge. 3. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Using the images for guidance. On the Modify tab. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Edit Geometry panel. 2. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls.Roofs . This is a two-step process.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion.

On the Options Bar. click Attach: Top/ Base. Select the roof. Select both walls. select Attach Wall: Top. open the view Sections: Section 1. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. In the Project Browser. 3. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. To select both walls together. Trim Walls 1. However.4. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Roofs s 263 . 2.

In this exercise. The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.rvt. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5. Switch to a 3D view.

The inner loops define openings in the roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. select Garage Roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. so you look straight down as in a plan. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. In this exercise. From the drop-down list. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . a dialog box is displayed.rvt. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. 3. by Footprint. from existing walls. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. Build panel.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Click Yes. 1. 4. On the Home tab. Unit7_first_roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Because you are in a 3D view. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch.

6.Roofs . Use the image below for guidance.0". Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Defines Slope.5. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 7. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . clear the Defines slope option. If you place a line on the wrong side. 8. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. click Pick Walls. s On Options Bar. Next. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. select the vertical wall on the left.

click Yes. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. To complete the roof. By default. Roofs s 267 . That value displays next to the slope arrow. defining lines separately. The new roof displays. Change this value to 6"/12". Select the right side roof line. 2. 3.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Other controls also display. change the value to 6"/12". 1. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. click Finish. Click Modify. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. It becomes an editable field. Click the 9"/12" text. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Select the left slope defining line.

Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.4.Roofs . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. In this exercise.

rvt. 2.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. When all of the walls prehighlight. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. 4. Roofs s 269 . The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On the Options Bar. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On Home tab. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. To chain-select all of the walls. Clear Defines Slope. click to select them. 3. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. set the overhang to 1' 0". Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. The file opens to a 3D view.

3. Zoom into the chimney area.Roofs . On the Draw panel. Using the image for guidance. Right-click. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. click Rectangle. 4. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Create a Roof Opening 1. On the Options Bar. verify the 0' 0" Offset. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. As an alternate. 2.

horizontal line. click Yes. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. Click Modify. 5. Click Finish. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 4. select Defines Slope. The slope indicator displays. Select the uppermost. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. 2. As in the previous exercise.Add Slope Lines 1. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Select the left lower horizontal line. 6. 3.

Roofs . and chimney penetration.rvt. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise. attached walls.7. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.

Select Defines Slope. Zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. set Overhang to 2' . The completed exercise On the Home tab. 2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. On the Options Bar. Build panel. 5. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4. you create a hip roof.rvt. 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Roofs s 273 . Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.0".Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Select the three walls shown in the image. Create the Roof 1.

Switch to a 3D View. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. 2. 3.7. Click Finish to complete the roof. Click OK. s On the Draw panel. Right-click the ViewCube. click Line. On the Properties palette. 6. Raise the Roof 1. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope.Roofs . change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' .0". To close the roof sketch. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Line tool. In addition.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .2. In this exercise.

click Pick Walls. 4. 6.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Clear Defines Slope. Roofs s 277 .rvt. 2. 3. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Line. 5. 7. On the Draw panel. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create a Shed Roof 1.

12. 9. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. On the Properties palette. Set the Offset to 0' 0". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Click Toggle Slope Defining. 11. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Right-click the line.Roofs . 10. Click Modify. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13.8. Select the lower.

Roofs s 279 . 15. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 18. Finish the Roof. 16.rvt. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 17. Switch to a 3D view.14. click Yes. In this exercise.

Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise.rvt.Roofs . 5. On the Properties palette. You see four levels defined in the model. Activate the view North Elevation. Cutoff Level list. On the menu bar. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open the Default 3D view. 2. The roof updates. 3. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Select the Roof. 4. select Level 3.

on the Properties palette. On the Home tab. 9. set the slope value to 3"/12". To set the slope for the new roof. On the Options Bar. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 12.6.rvt. 10. On the Draw panel. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 8. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. In this exercise. select Defines Slope. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 13. 11. Switch to a 3D View. click Pick Lines. Zoom and spin to see your model. 7. Finish the Roof. Roofs s 281 .

3.rvt. 2. 1.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. thereby reducing energy consumption. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Select the main roof over the house. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Roofs . The file should open to a 3D view. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . In the Type Selector.

Roofs s 283 . Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. For Structure Value. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. Select the roof over the garage.Define a Roof Structure 1. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. It is a generic roof type. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Edit. 2. s Click OK. enter Clay Tile. Select Layer 2 as shown. 3. click Edit Type. 5. Click Insert to add a layer. For Name.

s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.s s s In the Materials dialog box.rvt. In this exercise. Click OK twice. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Model. The garage roof displays a pattern. 6. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 8.Roofs . Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Click OK. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 7. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.

open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Roof > Fascia. Click Open. 3. In this exercise. to support a gutter. On the Insert tab. 2. On the Home tab.rfa. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rvt. 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. Roofs s 285 . A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. or for decoration. In the Open dialog box.

s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Matte. for Profile. Set the Material value to Metal . Click OK. For Name. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. In the Type Properties dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. click Edit Type. Click Duplicate. 6.Roofs .5. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Roofs s 287 . 9. In this exercise. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.

select Metal Aluminum. 5. s Click Duplicate. so as not to detract from the design of the building. under Profile parameter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Under Material parameter.Bevel: 5" x 5". Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 3.Roofs . you add gutters to a building. For Name. Click OK. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 1. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. select Gutter .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.rvt. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. Place Gutters In this exercise. 6. On the Home tab. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. click Roof > Gutter. The completed exercise 4.

Save the file as Unit7_gutters. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.7. Segments will clean up at corners. In this exercise. you attached gutters to a roof. 11. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 10. 8. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Roofs s 289 . 9. If you click the interior face.rvt. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.Roofs . water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . heat.

m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

General Questions 1. a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. When referring to roof slope. Shed 4. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Hip c. s Place gutters. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. High d. Gambrel d. Gable b. False 2. s Define a roof structure. None of the above 3. True b. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place fascia. a. True b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.Roofs . the run is always 12. Low b.

DEL d. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. d. Activate Slope 9. 10. False 7. profile. Expand/Contract 6. Sketch c. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Change the direction of the roof. face b. Walls. Turn slopes on or off. a. Footprint b. Face 3. Extrusion d. profile 2. sketch. Footprint. Create Slope d. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Sketch. ENTER 4. True b. SHIFT c. Change the direction of the slope. False 5. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Trim/Extend b. Material 8. To add a slope to a roofline. Slope c. TAB b. a. lines c. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Walls d. a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Create an opening. place a check mark next to: a. Defines Slope c. a. Roofs can be created using ______. ______ or _______. Cut/Lengthen c. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. True b. a. a. extrusion. Footprint. extrusion. Footprint b. pick d. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. c. b. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Add Slope b. A compound roof contains layers.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create filled regions. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create slope annotations. s Create material annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create a section view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.

Sections and Elevations . cabinetry. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . interior elevations may be used to show display cases. the kitchen. floor. Sections are used to examine the roof.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and special equipment. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. bathrooms. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. the location of special equipment. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and tool racks. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. In a residential building. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. After completing this lesson. In a commercial structure. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Technology. technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.

framing. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Methods of construction for the framing crew.Sections and Elevations . on the long axis of the building. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and foundation plans. across its narrower dimension. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. t Cross or transverse sections. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and are properly cross-referenced. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.

such as framing connections and foundation details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. partial. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. s The position relationship between different elements. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Sections and Elevations . Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. such as doors and windows. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. For larger elevations.

if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. people. Unnecessary Information Shades. and so forth. For example. You may. The size of the object is listed first. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. quantity. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. however. and then the name of the material. the titles assigned (North. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. East. bushes. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. or methods of installation. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. followed by any additional information about spacing. this is reversed. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. For siding. cars. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Therefore. shadows." Mfr. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. South. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. With interior elevations. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. For a wood structure.

doors.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". and special equipment such as toilets. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. wood. and other appliances. which is a formed pressboard. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Hinges are concealed. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. It may have curves. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. windows. chamfers. Molding is usually made of plaster. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". or MDF. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. casements. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. or linoleum) and the wall. or decorative patterns. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. other openings. shelf arrangements. or a baseboard. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. The trim is usually glued into place. It can also be used around doorways and windows. tile. and lip. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights.Sections and Elevations . Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is usually done using a topset. This is more costly than regular overlay. doors and direction of door swings. and types of finish materials used. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and materials used. dishwashers. coving. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. flush overlay. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Molding is normally decorative in nature.

Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 .Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. which you can then add to a sheet. s Change the section head. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Add slope annotations. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create an interior elevation.

Engineering. engineering. and Language Arts. Technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Once created. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. technology. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . like an elevation.Sections and Elevations . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. and math standards. Math (STEM). the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. A section is a horizontal view.

Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. or other section view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. elevation.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region.

A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Details are crucial for effective construction. tracing over the existing elements. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. which is spoken as 2 in 12. In the example shown. Once you create the detail section. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. s Add detail notes. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Add structural details. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. The slope is the ratio rise:run. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. In a set of construction documents.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. s Add breaklines as needed. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Slope is also referred to as pitch. So. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. such as anchor bolts and siding. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.

Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.

Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. On the View tab. The completed exercise 6. click Section. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Create panel. The Section command is available from the View tab. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. Open the file ADA_Sections. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 3.rvt. 4. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0".Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.

The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. 3. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Section Properties 1. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. With the section line selected. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.Sections and Elevations . s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The actual location is not critical. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and it has control grips to resize it. This is called the crop region. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. On the Properties palette. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 2. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.

you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Save the file as Unit8_section1. When you drew the section line. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. you automatically created a section view. The section view updates. In this exercise. Clear Crop Region Visible. 8. In the Properties palette. 5. 7. 6. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The view is listed in your Project Browser.rvt.4. Sections and Elevations s 313 .

click Duplicate. click Load Family. 5. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 3. Click OK. For Name. enter Open Arrow. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Select Section Head-Open. In the Type Properties dialog box.1 point Filled. Several section head families are available. Section Head . Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 6.No Arrow. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Settings panel. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Load from Library panel. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.rfa. On the Insert tab. 7. and Section Head .Sections and Elevations . On the Manage tab. 2. The view does not change. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Click Open to load the family.rvt. In this exercise.Filled. They include Section Head . 4.

The section head updates to the new head type. In this exercise. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the section line. Click OK. 11. 13. Click OK. 12. Save as Unit8_section_open. For Name. select Section Head . enter Open Arrow. select Open Arrow. click Edit Type.8. For Section Head. Sections and Elevations s 315 . In the Section Tag field. 10.rvt.Open. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 9. 14. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate.

Use the image below for guidance. To reposition the callout head. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. On the View tab. click Callout. 5. select the border of the callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 3. Open file ADA_Detail_Section.rvt. 6. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0".Sections and Elevations . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 4. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 2. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. This is a building section. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Options Bar. Create panel.

detail components. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Detail panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. On the Options Bar. as shown. Sections and Elevations s 317 .7. On the Draw panel. region patterns. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. On the Annotate tab. On the Properties palette. 2. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. select Chain. 8. but not strongly. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall.rvt. click Region > Filled Region. 3. 4. You can add detail lines. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. 1. Line is selected automatically.

On the Properties palette. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 6. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Select the upper and right side lines. enter Earth. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. For Name. Click OK. 7.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.5.

From the Fill Pattern list. Click Open.rfa. On the Mode panel. click Load Family. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . which are visible only in the view where they are placed. 1. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Click OK. 9. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern.Section. 3. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . On the Annotate tab. 2. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. the pattern becomes visible. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Finish (green check). If you zoom in closer. the filled region may appear as solid fill.8. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel.

4. In the Specify Types dialog box. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.Sections and Elevations . Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. 5. Click OK. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. From the Type Selector.

Sections and Elevations s 321 . 8. Using the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Move it after placement if necessary. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list.6. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Plywood. 7. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4.

Select the vertical plywood. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Component > Detail Component. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the image below for guidance. select anchor bolt. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.9. This component represents the subflooring. 11. 12. Place the component similarly to the image below. set the Thickness to 3/4". Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Modify. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 10. From the Type Selector.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette.

select Lap Siding.13. Click Modify. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Use the image below for guidance. select Multiple. 14. Add another Detail Component. On the Options Bar. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 323 .

click Detail Line. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Start at the end of the siding. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.15. 16.Sections and Elevations . 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file. From the Line Style Selector. Detail panel. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. On the Annotate tab. Add Detail Lines 1. select Wide Lines. 2.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 5.

Next. Click Modify. 7. Save the file. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. select the Material field in row 3.Sections and Elevations . Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Detail panel. 10. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 2. The wall display updates. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 8. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. identified as Wall material 1. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. On the Annotate tab. Add Insulation 1. click Insulation. Right-click. 9. Select the wall so it highlights.6. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Edit in the Structure field.

Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. 1. Sections and Elevations s 327 . From the Type Selector. Your view should resemble the image shown. select Break Line. On the Annotate tab.2. click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.

You place another breakline. detail lines. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Click Zoom to Fit.4. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. and detail components to it. 7. Place the breakline as shown. Save the file. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The view should resemble the image shown. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). In this exercise. The Detail Component tool is still active. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 5. To complete the detail. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 6. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.Sections and Elevations .

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. With nothing selected in the view. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . To add notes. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. 1. The size of the object is listed first. 2. s Clear Annotation Crop.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). The border around the view will disappear. weatherproofing. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 3. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. or methods of installation. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. quantity.rvt.

On the Annotate tab. click Text. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Text panel. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Finally. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. insulation. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.4. click Two Segments. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .4" WEATHERING. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. As you pull your cursor to the right. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 12. 8. 5.Sections and Elevations . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. R13. Move the pointer up 11. leader arrow as shown. On the Format panel. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 7. 6. 9. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. From the Type list. 10.

17. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. 15. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.TYPE X.C. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the interior wall. 16. Start the next text at the baseboard.. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the floorboard. .C.C. O. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. is an acronym for On Center.. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.C. CONT is short for Continuous. as the second line of text. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.13. 20. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 14. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 19. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Click off the text to finish the entry. 18. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Enter 5/8" GWB . Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.

Note: CONC signifies concrete. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. In this exercise. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 23.. 22. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click ENTER to start a second line. 21.

3. 6. Highlight your title block. 2. Sections and Elevations s 333 . The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. you will want to add the views to a sheet.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Click New Sheet. Locate the A-Landscape. 5. Right-click. click Load. or elevation view. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. highlight Sheets.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. The new sheet becomes the current view. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. and locate the detail view on it. 4. In this exercise.rvt. Click Open. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Project Browser. section.

9. click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Click the control at its left end. Select a Level Line. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 8. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. select view Detail at Foundation. In the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . click Show Crop Region. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view.7. Drag it to the right. Both Level ends will move together. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border. On the View Control Bar.

Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Modified the label values in the title block. 13. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. 11. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. For Number. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.10.rvt. enter S. you: s Created a new sheet. 12. Click Rename. highlight the new sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. For Name. Right-click.301.

Sections and Elevations . s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. It is defined by the green dotted line. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. four elevation views are included: north. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add material notes. s Add slope indication for roof. 3. south. Open ADA_Elevations.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. east. Select Elevations. When you create a project with a template. 5. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. s Add any necessary dimensions. 6. 4. s Set the display for building components as needed.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. The elevation markers are now visible. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 2. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. and west. Right-click. Click OK. Click the Annotations tab.

On the Annotations tab. On the Modelling tab. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. 5. clear Sections. clear Planting. Next. On the View Control Bar. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Sections and Elevations s 337 .2. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 3. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 4.

Exterior Stucco. 8. 9. In this exercise.rvt. 11. 13.Sections and Elevations . Select Sand. In the Type Properties dialog box. modified its display. In Surface Pattern. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. click Edit Type. click to open the list. On the Properties palette. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Edit in the Structure field. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Click the button that displays to select a material. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 12. you activated an elevation view. Select the wall. 10. Click Zoom to Fit.7. It will be identified as Condo . and modified the wall display characteristics.

Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region.rvt. 3. Add a note for the foundation. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. quantity.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Set the Leader type to One Segment. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 4. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. or methods of installation. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 5. Sections and Elevations s 339 . The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 2. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. In the Type Selector. The size of the object is listed first. Enter TX. Add a note for the stone wall.

In this exercise. Add a note for the roof.Sections and Elevations . 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the exterior stucco. 7.6. Add a note for the brick wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 8.rvt. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. On the Options Bar. Click to select the roof line. 2. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 5. 3. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. For Offset from Reference. from the Slope Representation list. On the Annotate tab. 4. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. select Triangle. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Click again to locate the slope indicator. click Spot Slope.rvt. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. enter 1/8". 6. 1. Dimension panel.

342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7.Sections and Elevations . Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 10. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 9. On the Annotate tab. Click to locate the slope indicator. 11. Click Modify. click Aligned. Click to select the roof line. Dimension panel.

Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. and dimensions for clarity. Arrange notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. The west elevation now contains material notes.rvt. leaders. In this exercise. 13. and vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 14. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. select wall breaks and levels. To create a continuous dimension as shown.12. slope indicators.

344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. equipment rooms. kitchens. Right-click. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. In this exercise. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view.rvt. special closets. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. In the Project Browser. 3. Click Open View. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.Sections and Elevations . Click Find Referring Views. and cabinetry. Highlight the view. dimensions.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. This view was already defined in the drawing. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.

On the Annotate tab. In the Name box. click Aligned. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 5. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms.4. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Dimension panel. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Select Suppress 0 Feet. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Sections and Elevations s 345 . click OK. s s s s Click Duplicate. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. 7. 6. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Right-click. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Clear Use Project Settings.

9. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.rvt. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 10. Using the Text and Dimension tools. In this exercise. detail the interior section. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.

Not in Concrete b. s Create filled regions. Show the relationships between elements. Either one. 2. it depends. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. d. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Not in Contract c. 4. s Create a section view. is always the true orientation. Nobody in Charge d. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Create slope annotations. b. b. All of the above. The direction the viewer is facing. All of the above 5.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. such as north. c. General Questions 1. c. a. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Cabinetry d. True b. Walls c. s Create material annotations. The direction the structure is facing. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . False 3.

Which elevation is it? a. True b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. d. The Visual Style of the view. True b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. but not a 6. North 3. b. a. South d. The boundaries of the view. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. False 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a.Sections and Elevations . Element properties c. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. d. The height of the view. The detail level of the view. False 5. On the View tab. c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Sheet Composition > View. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. 4. b. East b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The dotted line indicates: a. Right-click. West c. Click Add View. a. Sun and Shadow b. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. c. b and c.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 2.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 6. Lesson Plan 1. s Load a schedule tag. 4. s Reformat a schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . Review Schedules. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

After completing this lesson.Schedules . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

and math standards. and Language Arts.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. This lesson relates to science. and thickness. technology. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Some of these building objects include. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. such as reference number. about the building objects in your architectural plan. height. Math (STEM). width. About Schedules s 351 . Engineering. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information.

Schedules . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. depending on the style of the architectural firm. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Instance. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the same primary information is included. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. There are different types of schedule tables. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. However. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .

or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. hexagon. Other letters are P for plumbing. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. A circle. Using the software. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. and A for appliances. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. To clarify the reading of the floor plan.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). However.Schedules . Like schedules. window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. The following image shows door. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . E for electrical. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used.

Schedules s 355 . Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. windows. engineering. technology. materials. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Export a schedule. s Add room tags. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules list items such as doors. and math standards. s Create a room schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Project templates include preset schedules. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. hardware. rooms. equipment. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Technology. and Language Arts.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. and you can create your own schedules.

The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.Schedules . 2. and you set the schedule to display totals. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.rvt. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Type Mark. Select Windows from the list. and Width. Click Add. select Comments. 6. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Add Count. 4. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Level. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Height. Schedules s 357 . Continue to add fields to the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. On the View tab. 3. 7. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule.s Window Tag 5. In Available Fields. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties.

Schedules . A view opens with the schedule you just defined.8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Select the fields. 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Click OK to finish the schedule.

select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. but without any useful calculations yet. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Schedules s 359 . On the Properties palette for the schedule view. From the Sort By list. 1. 2. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 3. Select Blank Line. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.

1. in the Then By sorting field. Notice how the schedule has changed. In the lower left corner of the dialog box.Schedules . To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. click Edit. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2. 3. for Sorting/ Grouping. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. select Level. you can have the schedule report this. Rather than make a manual calculation. in this case). you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. clear Itemize Every Instance. 4. In the Project Browser.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. On the Properties palette. click the schedule name. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.

s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Set the schedule to display category totals. From the list. The totals for each window type now display. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Count. select Footer. for Sorting/ Grouping. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. In this exercise. Schedules s 361 . On the Properties palette. and Totals. select Title. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.5. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. click Edit 7. 6.rvt.

One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. occupancy. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. click Room > Room. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 4. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. click Overwrite the Existing Version. based on the amount of space in each room. floor type. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Room & Area panel. 2. ceiling type. Locate the file named Room Tag. 3. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 5.rvt. Room size.Schedules . Click Open. In this exercise. On the Home tab. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

and in the hall as shown. 8. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. click Room > Room Separation Line. a total of 7. 7. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. On the Home tab. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Schedules s 363 . Room & Area panel. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 6. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area.In the Type Selector.

Click Modify. s Change the word Room to Manager. 12.Schedules .9. click Room. 13. The cursor changes to sketch mode. On the Room & Area panel. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The room tag updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. The area value for Room 7 updates. s Click the Room text. 11. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 10. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select Room #2. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates.

Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Schedules s 365 . s Changed room tag field values. On the Properties palette.14. s Added a room separation. In this exercise. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag. enter Sales. for Name. 15.rvt. s Tagged various objects.

The New Schedule dialog box displays. Create a Room Schedule 1. 6. For Name. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. In the Available Fields pane. Create panel. On the View tab.Schedules . enter Square Footage Report. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms.rvt. select Number. Click OK. 4. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Name. Set the Sort By value to Number. Click Add--> after each selection.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. The completed exercise 5. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. and Area to be included in your schedule. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 3.

This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the Heading to No. 8. Highlight the Number field. s Set Alignment to Right. Highlight the Area field. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. clear Use Project Settings.7. In the Format dialog box. Click OK. 10. 9. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Click Field Format. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. Schedules s 367 . Select Grand Totals. Select Title and Totals from the list. Click the Formatting tab.

s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules . Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12.11. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. you: s Created a room schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.

Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Double-click it to open it. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Schedules s 369 . 6. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 2. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 4.txt) file. locate the file you created. Browse to a directory to save your report. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Click OK. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. you export the room schedule to a text file. 5. 3. Click Save. The file is created.rvt. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. You can then use this file in other applications. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Note the formatting that has been applied.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. On the application menu. Using your Windows Explorer.

Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. Close the text file.7. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. In this exercise.

s Load a schedule tag. None of the above. b. c. True b. False Summary/Questions s 371 . a. Questions 1. a. False 4. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Matrix d. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. d. Instance 3. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. 2. What is a schedule table? a. True b. A list of sheets used in a project.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. Quantity c. Type b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Place a schedule tag. s Reformat a schedule.

Schedules are created from the ____ tab. use the ____ . CSV d. Annotate tab b. To export a schedule.Schedules . View tab c. View c. Modify 2. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Manage tab 3. XLS c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Home d. Application menu d. a. TXT b. a. Annotate b.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 4.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Visualization. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 3. 5. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.

Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Assign materials. you create a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Finally. s Apply shading to a view. s Place a camera. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. The animation file can be played in any media player. Technology. and Language Arts. After completing this lesson. s Export a DWG file. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Add planting components.Visualization . s Play a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. or camera on a path. Engineering. s Export a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. s Make a camera view the active view.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You worked on animations. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. s s 2. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. To prepare your model for rendering. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. courseware datasets. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format.rvt. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Assign materials. Open Unit2_custom_family.

Right-click. Select any exterior wall. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select one of the exterior walls. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.3.Visualization . Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. 5. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. The wall display updates. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Stud. If you do not see any change in the wall display. 6. The walls now display layers of materials.

In addition to using the control arrows. Right-click. you can: s s s 9. Visualization s 377 . Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select Site: Grass. 10. Click Change wall's orientation. Select walls. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. 8. Repeat the process for the windows. Select the toposurface object. On the Properties palette. Open the Default 3D view.7. Click OK. select the icon at the right of the Materials field.

3. Export the Model to FBX 1. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Click OK in any notices and warnings.11. 12. Select the Roof. Open 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 2. select Autodesk (*. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. and click Open. click Import > Import. for Files of type. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. you have completed this exercise. On the application menu. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Accept the default name that Revit assigns.Visualization .FBX). Select the file name. Note the file location. In the Select File to Import dialog box.rvt. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. click Export > FBX. Save the file as Unit10_Export. This will filter the file list. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.

open Unit10_Export. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Visualization s 379 . If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 2. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Depending on your system resources.4. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. There is no way to update it from Revit. Open or return to Revit. Note the file location. Export the Model to DWG 1. Close the file without saving. If necessary. click Next. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 3.rvt. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you have completed this exercise.

Open 3ds Max Design. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 7.Visualization . On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.4. If necessary. 5. click File. 9. Click Open. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Open or return to Revit. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. open Unit10_Export. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.max. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. Select two windows as shown. In the File Link Manager . 6.rvt. Select the file name. On the application menu. click References > File Link Manager. 8. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Close the File Link Manager.

12. 11. In the dialog box. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". The windows have updated. Visualization s 381 . Save the file. Open the 3D view. Save the export file using the same name as before.10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 13. On the application menu.

Open or return to 3ds Max Design. The windows have changed. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the Files tab. 15. s Oriented walls and windows. The linked file updates. In this exercise. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Click Reload.14. Open the File Link Manager. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.Visualization . s Close the File Link Manager. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.

rvt. click Camera. Create panel. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. If you place the camera too close to the model. Place a Camera 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. you place a camera in a model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. change materials. generate a rendering. On the View tab. add plantings to the model. Open Unit10_Export. 3. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. and create a second rendering. Open the Site view. In this exercise. as shown. 2. Visualization s 383 .

select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Open the Site view again. click Show Rendering Dialog. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 7. 6. 5. Click Show Camera. The camera will be visible. Right-click. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select Very Few Clouds.4. If necessary. The camera perspective view opens. 2. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Render Setup 1. Return to the perspective view.Visualization . 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the View Control Bar.

Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .30' approximately as shown. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.3. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Model Site panel. s Click Render. click Site Component. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Enhance the Model 1. and Lighting. Output Settings. 3. Accept the default settings for Quality. Visualization s 385 . 2. Open the Site view. Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open view 3D View 1. On the Massing & Site tab.

Change Materials 1. click OK. In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view.4. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. click Edit Type. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box. click Show the Model. On the Properties palette. 3. and you can now select elements for editing.Visualization . Select an exterior wall. 5. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Revit places the image in its own view.Wood Shake. Click Edit in the Structure field. 2. 6. click Save to Project. In the Materials list. 4. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Save to Project dialog box. select Roofing .

7. Visualization s 387 . Click the Render Appearance tab.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace. 9. Select the icon next to Masonry . 8.10.

16. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. click Render.11.Brick Uniform Running Brown. 14. s Generated and captured a render image. In this exercise. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 15. s Created a raytrace setup. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK. Select Masonry . 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Save the file as Unit10_render. 12. click Save to Project.rvt. The new image is placed in its own view. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client.Visualization . s Placed site planting components in the model. 13. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.

The cursor changes to a crosshair. Open Unit10_render. s Right-click again. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. In this exercise. click to the left of the model as shown. Visualization s 389 . The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. 2. s Edit the camera and path. or frame. Create panel. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. The camera and path can be edited. Open floor plan view Level 1. Each view. in a project model. Click Zoom to Fit. s On the View tab.rvt. s Right-click. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. Click Zoom Out (2x). and exported individually. 3. 4. along the path can be viewed in different modes. To place a key frame. click 3d View > Walkthrough. rendered.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. or walkthroughs. s View the animation in a media player. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file.

Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Drag it to the left. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 10. Walkthrough panel. Select the direction control for the camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 7. 11. 8. The camera is located on the final key frame. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. click Edit Walkthrough. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 9.Visualization . Repeat for all the key frames.5. Walkthrough panel. click Finish Walkthrough. 6.

Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. From the Controls list. Click Open. 13. On the Walkthrough panel.12. If camera positions distort. select Path. The path displays control dots at key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Check the view in several key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Drag the path away from the model as shown. 3. 2. click Next Key Frame. Visualization s 391 . Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Edit Walkthrough.

Click Save. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 2. 4. click OK. Click OK. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame.Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Length/Format dialog box. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Revit generates the external AVI file. notice where you save the file. 3.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Click Play. 2. Export the Walkthrough 1. In the Video Compression dialog box. select a video compression method to hold down file size. File Name. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.Visualization . On the application menu.

You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Plan your class time accordingly. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.5. Visualization s 393 . Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. 6. It plays in your media player. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time.

If you have made changes to the building model. s Edited the path.7. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. In this exercise.Visualization . s Played the animation file in a media player. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.

Demolish 2. s Play a walkthrough. True b. a. Export > FBX 3. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Create a raytrace rendering. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. you use: a. Print to File b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Flip Orientation d. Align c. Split b. s Export a DWG file. s Export an FBX file. True b. s Export a walkthrough. s Assign materials. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Orient walls and windows. True b. Questions 1. you use: a. View > Shading d. s Add planting components. False 2. s Place a camera.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. a. a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Save As > FBX c. s Apply shading to a view.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . In the following exercises. 3. beam systems. 2. beams and braces. 4. Review structural columns. 5. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beams. and braces. 6.

and other structural elements will be located in a building. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.Structural .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. For example. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. especially columns.Structural .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Knowing where structural members. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. and other building objects. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. Technology. Structural s 401 . Engineering. and Language Arts. Place columns and beams on grids. Math (STEM).Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Create column grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Place beam systems and braces. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building.

Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. this is known as post and beam construction. Beams connect columns or walls. or concrete. 2. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. In this exercise. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. spans without walls. Structural columns can be steel. 1. often mainly glass. or reinforced concrete. As with columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Select a floor. They come in types defined by size and shape. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. click Column > Structural Column. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . In residential construction. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck.Hide Category. On the View Control Bar. Open Deck Framing. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. On the Build panel of the Home tab. wood. 3. wood.Structural . beams can be steel.

click Depth. 7. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 3A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. On the Options Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 6. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 5. In the Type Selector.4. Structural s 403 . Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. On the View Control Bar. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Repeat at grid intersections 2A. and 4B. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 8. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4.

Right-click. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click OK. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click off the columns to clear your selection set.9. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click OK. Place Beams 1. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. rail. In the Project Browser. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click Hide In View > Element. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". and columns clearly. 2. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view).Structural . 11. 10. double-click view Framing Cutaway.

s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.3. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Options Bar. In the Type Selector. Click. On the Structure tab. click Beam. 4. s In the view window. Structure panel. select Chain. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 5.

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify.Structural . s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. On the Properties palette.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. 6. 7. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Structural s 407 . Click. 9. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. In this exercise. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 12. Save the file as Deck Beams. On the Properties palette. click Make Wall Bearing. Click OK. If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.8. as shown. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. click Beam. Click Modify.rvt. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Click on grid intersection B4. Structure panel. 11. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.

Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. In this exercise. 3. click Beam System. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing.rvt. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. you: s Place beam systems. click No. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 4. Open Deck Beams. Click the beam on Grid 1. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. Place Beam Systems 1. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Structure panel.Structural . s Place braces. distance. or number of beams in a bay. The completed exercise 5. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. On the Structure tab. 2. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Sketch Beam System. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. click Pick Supports. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

On the Draw panel. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.6. 7. Draw a line on the face of the wall. as shown. click Line.

Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s s s On the Draw panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. click Pick Supports. click Finish (green check).8. On the Properties palette. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Create Similar. s 9. 11. Trim as necessary. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click Finish.Structural . set Elevation to -0'-9". s s On the Draw panel. On the Mode panel. On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click the beam on Grid 2. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.2". 10. click Line.6".

2. In the Project Browser. It has an automatic work plane. Structural s 411 . Create panel. 3. On the Structure tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the View Control Bar. Adjust the view crop region as shown. as shown.Place Braces 1. click Brace. Click to place the elevation. 4. unlike regular elevations. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Structure panel. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 5. On the View tab. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids.

Structural . 8. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. to start the brace. In the Type Selector. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.6. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. In the view window. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 9. Repeat the brace going right to left. 7.

Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. s Placed braces.rvt.10. 11. Structural s 413 . In this exercise.

This is a common step early in designing a large building. The numbering automatically increments. In plan views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. The exact length is not critical. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and walls. s s In the view window. as shown.Structural . you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Pull the cursor straight up. and section views. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. The exact location is not critical. but they can also be angular and radial. elevation. You can change a grid number at any time. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. beams.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. click Grid. Datum panel. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. 2. In this exercise. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid datasets.

The Grid tool is still active.3. 4. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Structural s 415 . Click to start another grid line. Click to place a new grid line.

7. 6. click to place the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel.5. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Press ENTER. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. click Copy. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The new grid line is number 5. s Select Grid Line 2. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. The new grid line will be number 3. Pull the cursor to the left. Enter A at the keyboard. Click to start a grid line. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. close to the heads.Structural . Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Grid 3 is already the selection set. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.

On the grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This grid line will be number B. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.8. 9. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 11. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Change the number to 2.1 is still selected. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click to place the grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. 10. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Click outside the bubble to enter the number.1. This completes the main grid. Structural s 417 . s Select grid 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. The Grid tool is still active. s Click Copy. Grid 2.

click Pick.Structural . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom to Fit. Create panel. In the Radius field. On the Options Bar.000 o . s s Click grid intersection D3. 3. 4. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". set Offset to 15'-0". On the Home tab. On the Draw panel. Change the number to EE. On the Draw panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Click to place the grid head. On the Options Bar. click Radius. select Center-Ends Arc. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. enter 15. Click in the new grid bubble. The Grid tool is still active. click Grid. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. s Click to start the grid line. Press ENTER.

Select grid 3 to show its controls.5. 6. 7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Structural s 419 . Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click to place grid FF. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. You will need to identify it easily. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.

s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Enter 31 to change the name. s Click grid intersection D3. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click in the new grid bubble.Structural . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s In this exercise. Zoom to Fit. Press ENTER. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Click to place the grid line. 11. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s 10. s Select grid 31. click Mirror .Pick Axis. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. s Select grid 3.rvt. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Revit will create grid 32.000. 9. click Create Similar.

s 3. s Use a column grid to place beams. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. This is a steel column. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural s 421 . Now you place columns at grid intersections. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. you typically create a grid. In the Type Selector. click Column > Structural Column. Open ADA_Grids-complete. As a result. s Add footings to columns. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. you: s Use a column grid to place columns.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. In this exercise. s Change a grid layout. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. 2.

422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s s On the Options Bar. 4. 4. 2. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.Structural . On the Multiple panel. C and D. 6. 5. click Finish. 3. In the Multiple panel. B. A. click At Grids. set Height to Level 3.

4. click Beam. Window-select all the grid lines. Structural s 423 . columns. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 5. Click Grid 1. click On Grids. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. 2. The grid. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Zoom to Fit. and beams will move to the right. click Finish. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 3. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0".

If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. In the view window. Click Redo. 2. 3. 6. click Finish. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. click At Columns. click Undo.Structural . click No. On the Multiple panel. 4. Columns and beams will move to the right.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. window-select all the columns. Open the Default 3D view. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 1. click Isolated. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Quick Access toolbar. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.

s On the Properties palette. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 7.5. in the Type Selector. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click OK. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. 6. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". A warning displays. To change the size of the footing. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Structural s 425 . The footing changes size. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.

s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise. Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8.Structural . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Added footings to columns.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.Structural .

s Place braces. s Change a grid layout. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Use a column grid to place columns. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. True b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. 2. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Beam d. All of the above. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place beam systems. Column b. s Add footings to columns. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Brace c.

A but not B. Select a beam type and define the system layout. Pick points. a. A and B.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 4. c. Stretch b. 3. Select the type of beam or column to place. If you relocate a grid line. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. you can: a. a. 5. Use grid lines and grid intersections. you: a. Properties c. d. To change the height of a column.Structural . b. c. True b. When placing columns or beams. True b. To create a beam system. All of the above. 2. b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. d.

Ltd. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Poway.Executive Director. Inc.Instructor.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.org Project Lead the Way. Milwaukee.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Starkweather . PE .Teacher. South Division High School. International Technology Education Association www. Randy Dymond.Director. Mathematics. Smith .iteaconnect.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Copyright s 431 . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . WI Roger Dohm . Susan Harrington . CA Ronald A Williams. Poway High School.

AutoCAD Architecture. CA 94903. Inc. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Autodesk Inventor. Inc. 2010 Autodesk. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. All other brand names. INC. or parts thereof. Inc. Autodesk Revit Architecture.© 2010 Autodesk. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Trademarks Autodesk. Inc. INC. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite.. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. product names. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. All rights reserved. AutoCAD. by any method. this publication. AutoCAD Civil 3D. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document.” AUTODESK. All rights reserved. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. “AS IS. for any purpose. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. may not be reproduced in any form. Published by: Autodesk. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Autodesk Revit MEP. AutoCAD MEP. Inc..

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