Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. the display shows editable distances and angles. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections.

section. stairs.Software Tools . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and 3D views. You can add building elements in plan.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. roofs. windows. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . furniture. Other building elements such as doors. elevation. floors.

If one is moved.While components are being sketched. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. the other will move as well. In the illustration shown. or at any time after. In the two illustrations shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.

In essence.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .

you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. and Language Arts. engineering. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Constrain placement of objects. This lesson relates to science. s Use the In-Place Mass tool.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Place a predefined Mass family. Math (STEM). Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

you can create in-place masses. and curtain systems. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. such as distance requirements from roadways. roofs. walls. owner. A designer. quickly. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . size. There are mass families available to load into a project. Masses can be edited in many ways.Software Tools . The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. or masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and then converted into building components such as floors.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. roofs. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. walls. or within. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotation includes text notes. s Explain the use of dimensions. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. legends. tags. engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and math standards. technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and symbol heads. and Language Arts.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be linear. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . or angular.

z) coordinate system. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y. and how other levels change display accordingly.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . technology. and Language Arts. s Work with tool buttons. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. and math standards. Math (STEM). Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Options Bar.Software Tools . s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. This lesson relates to science. s Open and use ribbon tabs. engineering. the Type Selector. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology.

Some commands will not be active (that is. beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 .Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. windows. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. doors. Its position is fixed. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. for instance. and rooms.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 33 . detailing. columns. braces. structural walls. and foundations. symbols.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. slabs. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. trusses. and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

Software Tools .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. copy/paste. and parameters. materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print.Software Tools . Open.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. This menu has file management tools such as New. and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

Software Tools . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Legends. with four elevation markers visible. and groups. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules. sheets. families. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

rendering (in 3D views). Windows panel on the ribbon. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.Software Tools . click the User Interface button located on the View tab. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. cropping. View Control Bar View scale. sun settings. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. A check mark indicates it is visible. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. visual style. level of detail.

To change the scale of a view. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Select the desired view scale from the list.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Display and Navigation s 43 . The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

Software Tools . It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

which can be according to the view. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time. sun and shadow intensity. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. or by global location. Display and Navigation s 47 .

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the view window displays a colored border.Software Tools . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. enabling you to select them. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. These controls. along with other display settings.Software Tools .

Insert. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Manage and Modify. Annotate. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. View. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Massing & Site. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Display and Navigation s 55 . To activate or open a view. Nine tabs are available: Home. Structure. Collaborate. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it.

Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. When a context tab is active. Properties Palette. showing options that you can select while you are working. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. If you select items in the view window. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar.

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The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.Software Tools . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Display and Navigation s 65 . such as File Open. The application menu contains file management controls. Export. File Save. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. the application menu. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. New File. File Close only appears on the application menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Click a file name to open that file. Print. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and Publish.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Navigation s 67 . 2. To start a new project. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. or click New > Project from the application menu. On the ribbon.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Do this for other tabs. 3. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The panel titles display under the tab titles. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. The completed exercise 4. make the Home tab active. If you select the menu option. After you have examined each of them.

6. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.Software Tools . Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. In this exercise. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Icons for panels display below tab titles.5. and then viewed. They disappear when you move the cursor away. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Cycle Through All. you opened a project file. Close the file without saving.

A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Exercise 2. 2. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. doubleclick the view name.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. Display and Navigation s 69 . The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Open quick_start_building_elements. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.

70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors.Software Tools . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. . Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. On the Properties palette. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 6. Clear Walls and Doors. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. You are selecting everything visible. 5. 7. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click OK. Click any interior wall. 4. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.3. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. and windows highlight blue. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click Filter panel > Filter. all the walls. 8. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.

Display and Navigation s 71 . Place a door as shown. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 11. 12.rvt. On the Modify | Doors context tab. On the Properties palette.9. 10. examined the menus and toolbars. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click any door. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. In this exercise. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. you opened a project file. click Create panel > Create Similar. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.

Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Component families include model objects (furniture. floors). schedules. s Load and place component families. mechanical equipment). Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. templates. lines. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Technology. s Work with Revit families. You can create sections. In the exercises. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. and elevation views by default. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. annotations.Software Tools . Engineering. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. s Create a new in-place family. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Math (STEM). building elements (walls. Revit provides floor plan. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. drafting views. and 3D views using the View menu. System families include levels. display controls. operating settings. either predefined or user-created. and views.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Pan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. ceiling plan. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties.

This lesson relates to science. technology. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering.

Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.rvt. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click OK. First. even a small one. There is no way to see everything in it. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. VG also opens the dialog box. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Four elevation markers are visible. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The display changes. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_building_elements. 2.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Rightclick in the view window.Software Tools . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Use your keyboard to enter VV. 3. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Right-click. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The completed exercise Visibility 1. is an extensive database. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

On the View Control Bar. Select Detail Level: Medium. Select the roof outline. so be sure to select them both. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Right-click. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out.4. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. 7. Click and drag the cursor as shown. In the Project Browser. Right-click. Enter ZF. Click Zoom In Region. click Detail Level. 6. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click Open. There are two parts to an elevation. 5. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Zoom to Fit.

2. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.Software Tools . Enter VH. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. change the Underlay value to None. On the Properties palette. View Properties 1.8. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. as before. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. doors and windows are not shown. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and where the cut plane sits. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click Rename. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.3. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views.0". the ridge is now visible. Next to View Range. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. enter Roof. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Working with Views and Objects s 77 . 4. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Right-click. For Name. click Edit. Click OK.

Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shadows On. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 5. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 3. Set the time to 9:30 am. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open Elevation view South.Software Tools . In the Presets list. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.Graphic Display Options 1. select Winter Solstice. Accept the location that activates. select Still. under Solar Study. 4. In the dialog box that opens. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 2. select Shading with Edges.

Working with Views and Objects s 79 . In this exercise. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. 6. Save the file as Unit2_views.rvt. The elevation shadows update.

This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. These components are called families and there are several different types. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and floors. and use a Revit family to place a door. railings. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. In Revit. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. You add closet doors to interior walls. such as levels. click Door. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. roofs. you open an existing project file. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. floors. and so on. doors and windows are dependent on walls). or stand-alone (for example. 3. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor.Software Tools . walls. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. load. On the Home tab. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. and furniture. and annotations are examples of standard families. furniture). or institutional structures. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. s A system family. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. windows. lights. Additionally.rvt. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. furniture. and place Revit families. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. commercial. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. windows. Build panel. Open Unit2_views. Doors. is predefined within Revit. standard families. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. and families in place. Doors are considered standard family entities.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. There are system families. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1.

You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. As you move your cursor near any wall. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click the Doors folder. and Annotation. s s 6. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. 5.rvt. It has a number of different sizes defined. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Accept the default size. Locate Double Panel 2. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rfa. Click Open. You click to place an instance of the door family. Tag panel.rfa. 4. Family files have a file extension of *.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Project files have a file extension of *. The Door Insertion tool stays active. If you highlight a door family. Furniture. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Click Open.

Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. loaded. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place two more instances of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. simply click it. 8. you located. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. and placed instances of a door family. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .7. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. but not strongly. In this exercise.Software Tools . 9.rvt. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Place an instance of the door as shown. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value.

2. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. enter 48" x 80". 4. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. 5. and create an in-place family. Click OK. The required width is not available. This door needs to be 48" wide. In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the double door as shown. For Name.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Open Unit2_doors_walls. modify a door family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. you open an existing project file. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Duplicate. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 3.

The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Click OK. 2. Build panel. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. select Generic Models. In the dialog box. 5. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 1. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. On the Properties palette. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. On the Home tab. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is to create a component family in place. The door updates. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 4. click Component > Model In-Place.Software Tools . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. enter Hall Clock.6. 3. For Name. set the Extrusion End value to 6".

6. 11. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". you located. Revit will display . 7. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. as shown. 9. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 10. Working with Views and Objects s 85 .2". Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . The family model updates. You have created the base of the clock. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. and placed a door family. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.0' 2".rvt. 12. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. loaded. 8. The exact dimensions and location are not critical.4" as shown. On the Draw panel. In this exercise. 13. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click OK. click Rectangle.

The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

Zoom in Region is used to: a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. depending on the template selected. s Change view properties. d. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. and Options Bar. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user.Software Tools . 6. b. and place a family from a library. s Open different views. and click Open. c. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. False 4. 7. The tool shown is used to: a. d. b. d. a. Views can be renamed. False 2. False 3. To activate a view: a. True b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. c. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . True b. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. c. True b. s Create an in-place model family. b. tab. True b. Questions 1. a. context tabs. Zoom to the entire model. Spin the model in 3D space.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Either a or b. s Access. Create a 3D perspective view. s Change view displays. s Change type properties of a family. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Each project has several predefined views. a. Right-click. load. Turn on Shadows. s Adjust Visual Style Options. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. False 5. Go to View > View Name in the menu. a.

Standard b. Parts d.) are called: a. Multiview b. Project Browser d. windows. In-Place d. etc. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Blocks c. A family created within a project is called ________________. Families 11. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. All of the above. Scroll d. depending on settings 9. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Pan and Zoom b. Rotate c. Graphics Display Options dialog box c.8. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. System c. Properties palette 10. a.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s Set project units. Review Revit Architecture setup. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create labels. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Duplicate and modify views. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create dimension and text styles. s Create dimensions and text. 7. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 6. 2.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 5. 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create a project template.

you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. should be used. defining the layers.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. based on the AIA standards.aias.org. Visit the AIA website at www. linetypes. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. and so forth. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.Standards and Building Codes . colors. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.org.aia. linetypes. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. After completing this lesson. Visit the AIAS website at www. Engineering. Explain why templates are used. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and the settings that are preset within them.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

like mechanical drawing. and one closet. a garage. If there is a fire. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. defined and adopted by convention. windows. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). doors. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. one window. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. otherwise it is considered a carport. If it lacks any of these components. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. it must have at least one door. the number being its numerical value. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. For example. it cannot be called a bedroom. A garage must be completely enclosed. A unit is a particular physical quantity.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. a bathroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. and so on. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit.

in the United States. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. using imperial units. unit symbol m. is 169 m. Here h is the physical quantity. However. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. In architectural drafting.. Another method is to apply dual notation. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. unit symbol ft.For example. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . also known as the International System of Units. and other materials. the construction industry still uses the English.. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. glass. or imperial. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. is 555 ft. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. units are applied to dimensions. such as room size and wall height. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object.

and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. every 1/8" would represent 1'. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. and viewports.) 8. In Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . sheets. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. line weight and pattern. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Each size is designated by a letter. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. one value representing another value. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.Scales are ratios.

Standards and Building Codes s 97 . temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. and then add a title block or other symbols. You create and position views. symbols. notes Demolition. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.a modified version of the AIA standard. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. site plan.01. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. The integers go from 0 to 9. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. elevators. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).

You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. so that the height is less than the width. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. The column is divided into sections.Standards and Building Codes . and so on. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and layer standards. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the electrician. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. followed by information on the building's owner. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. annotation plot sizes. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Usually. drawing scales. the date drawn. For example. the HVAC company. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. The next space is for tracking revisions. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the author of the drawing.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. fonts. The paper is oriented landscape. and other relevant information. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. that is. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Typically. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project.

dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. required symbols. title blocks.

100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates that are preset with drawing units.Standards and Building Codes . and walls. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. dimension styles. views. windows. Engineering. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and Language Arts. These can be used to build your model. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.

and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology.

On the application menu.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. click Browse. 3. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. In Revit. click New > Project. Condominiums. factory. In the New Project dialog box. apartments. Select a Template 1. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. or store. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Open Revit to an empty project file. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. you use templates as starting points.Standards and Building Codes . you create a new project file using a template.

click Close to close this project without saving. Click Open. Select the Residential-Default. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. saving set up time. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 5. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.4. 6. Click OK. you started a new project file using a standard template. On the application menu. In this exercise. Settings s 103 .rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. open ADA__Settings. The Wall tool remains active. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. The file opens to a 3D view. 3. Click to start a new wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. the drawing setup options are preset.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. In this exercise. 2. expand Floor Plans under Views. Build panel. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.rvt. click Wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Place the cursor over the left wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Pull the cursor to the right. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. In the courseware datasets folder.Standards and Building Codes . In the Project Browser.

Close the file without saving. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Place the cursor over the left wall. click to start a new wall. Settings s 105 . and move the cursor right. In this exercise. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. s Set Unit symbol to m. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click Format for Length. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click OK twice to save the setting change.4. 7. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 5. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 8.) 6.

Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. By default. click Edit Type. enter Big Text. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimensions not only display. Click OK.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Open ADA_Dimensions.rvt. click Duplicate. 1. temporary and permanent. 2. create. Temporary dimensions display when you select. For Name. Dimension panel. 3. click Aligned. or insert components. In the Type Properties dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. On the Properties palette. 4. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. there are two types of dimensions. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. but also control the size and location of objects.

Select the top. The Dimension tool is still active. s Click OK twice. 6. s Set Text Size to 3/16". left. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. and bottom horizontal walls. Settings s 107 . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Click to place. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.5. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. 7. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".

The Dimension tool stays active. you opened an existing file. In this exercise. s s s Select the far left.Standards and Building Codes . created a new dimension style. Click to place the dimension. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving. upper. 9. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls.8. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.

Settings s 109 . Notice the door and window tags. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.rvt. Right-click. In the Project Browser. and the view window displays the new plan. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In the datasets folder. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In order to do this.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. These are annotations. There are no annotations visible. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. 2. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.

Settings panel. Click Rename. click Project Information. Double-click to open it. 7. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. On the Manage tab. Click OK to update the display of this view.4. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. In the Project Browser. 9. Click OK. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 6. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Model Categories tab. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. In the Project Browser.Standards and Building Codes . 8. 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV.

) 3. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Click New Sheet. 2. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. You can also enter the address of your school. In the Value column of Project Address. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Click OK. 2. Click OK. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. click Edit. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 3. Settings s 111 . The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. or supply your own values: Click OK.Add a Sheet 1. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Rightclick. Enter the address as shown.

change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Click Apply.4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. Next. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Notice the change to the title block. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.Standards and Building Codes .

Settings s 113 . You see the view at the end of your cursor. Select Add View to Sheet. Select the new viewport. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 2. 4. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click in the view. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Right-click. Select Deactivate View. Click Activate View. 3.

s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. s Added a sheet. The view updates on the sheet. deselect it. Close the file without saving. The Scale updates in the title block.Standards and Building Codes .5. 6. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. you: select it. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Finish the move. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Place the cursor 7. of the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.

The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. A copy of the 11 x 8. 2.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.5 title block template opens. click New > Titleblock. 4.5. 3. On the application menu. Select A-11x8. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Start Revit Architecture. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. This is one of the longer exercises. Click Open. Settings s 115 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.rft. It opens to the Recent Files window.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . 14.Landscape.rfa. Accept the Sample Value. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. On the Quick Access toolbar. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Accept the Sample Value. s Click Add. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 15. On the application menu. 11. Save the title block as A . click Save to save the title block. click Close. 10. Add a label for Sheet Number. select Drawn By. 13. Your teacher may specify another location. you created a title block using a template file. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 12. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. s Accept the Sample Value.9. Add a label for Checked By.

Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. In the Recent Files window. Highlight the title block and click OK. Your title block is now displayed in the list. you create a new project file. The title block appears in the graphics window. Locate your title block. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. 2. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Settings s 125 . A new sheet has been added and is the current view. On the View tab. click New to create a new project using the default template. and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Insert a Title Block 1. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 4. 3. 5.

4. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter your instructor's name. On the Manage tab. 6. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter Student Project Unit 3. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. click Project Information. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. s For Checked By. 2. Select the title block. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Click OK. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 3.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Click OK. Settings panel. s For Drawn By. enter your name. On the Properties palette. you a created a new project file.

Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. 2. such as 3D and plan views. In this exercise. In the New Project dialog box. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. you define the title block. angles. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. in addition to predefined wall types. and slope angle. On the application menu. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. 1. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. a dimension style. select Project Template. including how the rendered image looks. and the units for your custom template. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Families: Load in families you use most often. There are various settings you can define for your template. Create a Template In this exercise. click New > Project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. you create a new project file. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. On the Insert tab. 3. Click OK. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. and geometry from the template. settings. and then load them like families. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. The completed exercise Settings s 127 .

Click the Length field in the Format column. In the Type Properties dialog box. There will be no visible change. On the Manage tab. Set the units for the template. Click OK twice. 8. click Duplicate. Click OK. enter 3/16" Verdana.Landscape. You create a custom dimension style. click Settings panel > Project Units.4. Open the title block A . For Name. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". On the Annotate tab.Standards and Building Codes . 5. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rfa. 7. create a Dimension Style. 9. Next. 6. 10. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.

Rightclick. 14. 15. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 12. Click New Sheet. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click OK. select Sheets (All). In the Project Browser. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Select the A . Settings s 129 .11.

The title block updates. as well as dimension style and units. 17. Save the file name as A-English template.16. and units that you defined. Click OK.rte. Save your project template in your class project folder. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In this exercise. title block.Standards and Building Codes . You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. you created a new template file using a dimension style.

Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. abstract format. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. or new combinations of existing materials.

is defined as what? a. 1:32 5. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. AIA b. a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Change lineweight. NCSESA 2. A unit 4. English c. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Create labels. An architect b.05 c. s Create text. 1:12 c. General Questions 1. S.02 d. 1:3 b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and symbols used in drawing? a. Metric d. A. True b. 1:24 d.Standards and Building Codes . A particular physical quantity. UBC c. P. Using AIA Standards. s Create a title block. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. dimension styles.02 b. s Create a text style. s Create dimensions. s Create a dimension style.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Change dimension colors. False 3. A. NCTM d. a. s Create a template.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. you click: a. a. To change the scale of a view. False 4. Wall centerlines c. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To create a new sheet. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. you use: a. By default. In Revit Architecture. dimensions snap to: a. Wall faces b. To set the units in a project. Point offsets 3. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall midpoints d. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Application menu > New > Sheet b. True b. Application menu > Properties b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. True b. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False 6. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. a.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Define a wall structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. Lesson Plan 1. 2. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 5. s Align walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 4. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.

or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.Walls . List the different types of occupancy. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. After completing this lesson. separate. them. their construction and materials. and protect its interior spaces. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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5. an angular dimension displays. To modify a dimension. Walls s 151 . (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. a dashed line displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Stud. the dimension updates incrementally. but it disappears when you begin another action. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Notice that a temporary dimension displays.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. 4. Click to set the endpoint. Select the Single Line option. Clear the Chain option. It will not print. indicating wall length. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.3. click it to open an edit field. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. As you continue to move the cursor. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Enter 10. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. After you create the wall.Brick on Mtl. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.

Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Depending on your zoom in the view. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click to start the next wall.Walls . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Click the wall. the controls may sit on top of one another. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. enter 7. Select panel.6. The wall does not show any internal detail. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Press ENTER. On the Modify | Walls tab. On the View Control Bar. Create panel. click Create Similar. Set the Detail Level to Medium. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. 7. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. click Modify to stop placing walls. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. click the Detail Level icon. 8. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation.

10. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. no matter where you move the cursor. an alignment line displays. Walls s 153 . Click Modify. Also. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right.9. release the mouse button to set a new length. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Select the right vertical wall. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Notice that two dimensions display. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Because you drew the wall from up to down. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line.

When using the Chain option. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Click Cancel. 16.Walls . Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. click Wall. Sketch the walls as shown. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. 13. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 14.11. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 12. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. On the Home tab. Right-click. Build panel. Select the lower vertical wall. 15. Repeat. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Select the Three Point Arc tool. 19. 17. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.18. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Create Similar again. In this exercise. Click Modify. Clear the Chain option. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 20. After clicking the second end.rvt. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Walls s 155 . Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.

You now remove the upper right corner. fillet. To do this. 2. Both split walls are shown below. This exercise illustrates how to split. align. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Only part of the wall highlights. Click Modify. and extend walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Split Walls 1. you first split the walls at the intersections.rvt from the previous exercise.Walls . Do the same for the vertical wall. 3. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. trim. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 4. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Create panel. Click Fillet Arc.Fillet Walls 1. 4. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. On the Options Bar. Modify panel. 3. select Radius. click Create Similar. Enter 5'. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 5. You can also click the flip control. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Undo and repeat the steps. On the Modify | Walls tab. Select any wall. Walls s 157 . 2. click Delete. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. If you make a mistake.

6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. select Basic Wall: Interior . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Walls .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. You align the wall in the next steps. 3. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Place an interior wall as shown. 2. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. The Wall tool is still active.

The length is not critical. Pull the cursor straight up. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s On the Options Bar. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Walls s 159 . s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. such as location lines. clear Chain.4. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Click to create a wall.

4. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. The walls can cross. 6. This will be the border. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the vertical wall as shown. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 3. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5. 2. Select the two interior walls in turn. The length is not critical.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.

Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt.7. align. fillet. In this exercise. and trim.

Select the Exterior wall as shown. satisfy different requirements. 3.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. In the Project Browser. click Edit Type. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Modify tool is active by default.Walls .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. On the Properties palette. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. 1. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. and vary in cost. 2. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.

Click OK. When you are finished. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. click Edit in the Structure value field. Add two additional layers to the wall. To edit the structure of the wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 8.4. 7. Walls s 163 . Every layer of a wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. 5. the wall structure should be as shown. 6. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. has a Function you can edit. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Click Insert twice. except Core Boundary. s Click the number of Layer 3. s Click Down twice. s Click the arrow at the right. s Click Up. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. For Name. s Select Finish 1 [4].

11. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s Set the Material to Finishes .Stud Layer. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Material to Wood . 10. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. which displays plan or section views.Exterior . 12.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Walls . s Click the icon that appears at the right. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 13. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Finishes . Material. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.9. Modify the Function. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".

From the Detail level list. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Walls s 165 . On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Click Apply to update the view.14. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. In the Project Browser. select Medium. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 15. 17. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. 16.

Close the file without saving. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. defined a new wall structure. You opened an existing file. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . In this exercise. 20. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 19. From the Type Selector list. Right-click 8" Exterior. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.18.Walls .

Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You can define a wall type with these elements. 2. such as a weatherproof outside surface.rvt. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. 3. Stud walls as shown. The model opens in a 3D view. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. wood rails. Select one of the Exterior . The file is in the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . In this exercise. you create and modify vertically compound walls. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.Brick on Mtl. for example. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. a structural mid-section. and a decorated interior surface.

You can assign different materials to regions. 5. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. To split a layer or region horizontally. highlight one of the borders. or you will lose your changes. If not already expanded. 6. 2. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.Walls . click Edit. 1. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You can split regions into other regions. To define the structure of the wall. into regions. Click Split Region. When you split a layer. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 7. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. in the Structure value field. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Wall structures are Type Properties. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. either horizontally or vertically. so all instances of this type change. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. As indicated in the dialog box title.4. To split a layer or region vertically. You change the type. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. You can set the sample height to any value. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 8. the new regions assume the same material as the original. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. In this exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box.

If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to merge them. When you merge regions. Click Merge Regions. 4. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. After merge. assign Layer 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 2. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. since both regions are composed of the same layer. The upper split disappears. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 1. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.Brick layer. Walls s 169 . Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click to merge the two layers. 3.3. In this case. Click to split the region into two parts. Prehighlight a border between regions.

If you set the split offset down from the top. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 2. After a region is split. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Click again to return to the original position. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 1. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". s Select the split line. instead of down. click Modify. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Next. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 3. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Change the value to 12. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. you assign the material Masonry Brick . s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click Insert. indicating that it is modifiable. Press ENTER. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. 4. 1. In the Edit dialog box.Walls . Click the temporary dimension text. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 2. to the next parallel line. 3. The dimension text turns blue. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. To create a new wall layer. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.

Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 9. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. It also shows a thickness value. Split Region.Brick Soldier Course. because it is now the selected layer. and Insert Layer tools. Modify. All walls of this type have been changed. 7. When a layer is selected in the table. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 8. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. In this exercise. The preview changes appearance. as shown. Click OK. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Click OK. Close the file without saving.4. It immediately highlights in blue. 6.Brick Soldier Course layer. Click Assign Layers. Walls s 171 . 10. Change the Material to Masonry . it highlights in blue in the preview window. 5. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Merge Region. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry .

installed. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.Walls . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. piping. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and protected. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. earth.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. ducting. and insulation. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Custom types and sizes can also be built. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the ventilation. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. and the amount of space you have inside your building. the view. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

An unobstructed opening of 5.Doors and Windows . must be provided by the window being used as an egress. The height can be no less than 24".7 sq.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. if there is no other escape route. the width can be no less than 20". ft. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.

move. and Language Arts. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. In this unit. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. windows. and copy these elements. Doors and Windows s 187 . and how to position. Components such as doors. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Copy windows. Engineering. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. you learn how to place doors and windows. and furniture are defined in family files. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Some families are loaded into each empty file. s Center a door in a wall. how to load additional door and window families.

move the cursor to the right side of the wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Once a door is placed. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. When placing doors in a plan view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. This can be done in a plan view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. click Door. Build panel. To flip the door. or 3D view.Doors and Windows . 3. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the swing.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. the door swing would be to the left side. 2. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Add Doors 1. On the Home tab. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. elevation view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.

rfa. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". 3. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. except for the Type Selector. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. In order to keep file size small. With the Door command active. From the Type Selector list. Click Open. walls. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Mode panel. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. The display does not change.Load Families 1. and windows into project files. click Load Family. Doors and Windows s 189 . on the Modify | Place Door tab. 2.

Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.Doors and Windows . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector. If necessary. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 5.4. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. To Doors and Windows s 191 . You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Do not add the dimensions. change a temporary dimension. simply click it and enter the correct value. or by using the swing control arrows. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location.6. Place instances of single doors as shown.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.rvt.

then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window after performing another operation. You can place windows in a plan view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. or 3D view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Build panel. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Add Windows 1. Open Unit5_doors. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Windows have exterior and interior sides. the outside of the window is to the left side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. click Modify and select the window. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. approach the wall from the right side. 2. elevation view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. On the Home tab. click Window. From the Type Selector. To face the outside of the window to the other side. When placing windows in a plan view.

3. and placed windows. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. placed doors. Place seven more windows as shown. In this exercise. loaded a door family. 4.Doors and Windows . Window tags do not number in sequence. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. you opened an existing project. 5. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.rvt. You do not need to add dimensions.

s Align and modify walls. wall. On the Annotate tab. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. window. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. you open an existing project file. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. and modify the wall. 4. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. click Aligned. 2.rvt. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Dimension panel. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. and so on. place a door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. 3. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The file is also available in the course datasets folder. constrain it to be centered in a wall. 1. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise.

Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 2. The walls are now aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 5. Click the center of the door.s s s s Click the left wall. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click it and it changes as shown. Notice the symbol. Click the right wall. the other wall will remain aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the upper wall first. Align Walls 1. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door changes location. Click the lock icon to enable it.Doors and Windows . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. This means that if one wall shifts. 6.

3. The walls shift and remain aligned. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. Dimensions display below it. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Doors and Windows s 197 . (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5.) The dimension value is now shown. Change the dimension to 16. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Clear the EQ Display value. Right-click.

rvt. Right-click.6. In this exercise.Doors and Windows . Click Zoom to Fit. 7. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. you placed a continuous dimension.

Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.rvt. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Create Similar. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. especially if there are many different types. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Create panel. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. 4. 1.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 2. In this exercise. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Doors and Windows s 199 .

4. 3. On the Modify | Windows tab.Doors and Windows .Copy Windows 1. The window will change appearance. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 2. Modify panel. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The window is copied. Select the window you just placed. click Copy. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.rvt. 6.5. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. cold.Doors and Windows . The stability of glass in response to wind. flat glass is a recent invention. heat.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.

True b. you learned to: s Place doors. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. General Questions 1. a. 32" d. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. If a room is used for sleeping. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. False 2. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. Custom 3. 32" b. 28" b. 30" c. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 40" d. s Align a door or window. a. 34" 4. 36" c. Standard b. s Position a door or window.

c. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Load c. Insert d. Click Door Properties. 6. Select the door. False 2. a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Select the door. To change the swing direction of a door: a. The center snap 7. you use ________. Duplicate d. you use: a. Door and window tags are placed automatically. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. Select the door. To center a door or window in a wall. d. c. Right-click. Click Flip Direction. True b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a. Link c. 4. True b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. To change the location of a door or window. Click Door Properties. Clone b. b. b. Click Modify > Flip Direction. True b. False 5. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. you: a.Doors and Windows . a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Copy 8. Offset c. a. A reference plane b. Load from Library b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. a. Properties 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. d. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Use door grips to reposition. Click the temporary dimension to be changed.

4. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 6. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 3. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. Review stairs and railings.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. 2. s Create railings.

About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . After completing this lesson.Stairs and Railings . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. List the different stair types.

and math standards. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. Technology. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Once the actual riser height is determined. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Then. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.

Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. This saves space when changing direction. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Due to building code. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .

Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum.

Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .

which includes elevators. Math (STEM). and stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Engineering. engineering. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Technology. This lesson relates to technology. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. In multistory buildings. and math standards. U-shaped stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. you will be able to: s Create stairs. You can define straight runs. of certain horizontal depth or run. s Create U-shaped stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add a railing.Stairs and Railings . s Modify stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. or tread. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. ramps. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and spiral stairs. As you move the cursor. or vertical circulation. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. For safety reasons. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter.

On the Properties palette. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Stairs and Railings s 217 . The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. From the courseware datasets folder. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.rvt. Before you create the stairs. This enables you to place the stairs properly. This file is in metric units. you create stairs using a straight run. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.

The cursor changes to a crosshairs. 5. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . These tools are used to define your stairs. Circulation panel. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. Run is preselected. In this case. On the Home tab. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. you create a straight run.Stairs and Railings .4. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. click Stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. Click OK to close the dialog box.

You can continue to move the cursor up. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Revit displays the number of risers you created. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. To change the run dimension. and then click to define the run of stairs. 10. the run footprint stops expanding. If you have not fully created the run. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. As you move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 9.6. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. On the Mode panel. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 7. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 8. Select this intersection point to start your run. select Finish (green check).

220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .rvt. In this exercise. 13. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.Stairs and Railings . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. you created and placed a straight run stair. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. and switched to a 3D view. click application menu > Save As > Project.11. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 12. To avoid overwriting the original file. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.

The stair is not centered on the landing. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Level 1.rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Activate view Floor Plans. 2. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. click Align. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Edit panel.

select Wall centerlines. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.Stairs and Railings . The Align command remains active. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. On the Options Bar. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. You can rotate your model to get a better view.4. If you have a scroll mouse. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. from the Prefer list. Click the center of the wall first. which is located at the center of the stairs. Click the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly. 5.

On the Properties palette. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Hover the cursor over the railing. Graphics. 8. On the Properties palette. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. railings were created with the stairs. enter Lobby Stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. s For Name. and Dimensions subsections. Select the stairs. s Click OK. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. 7.6. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. As you prehighlight them. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. click Edit Type. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Change Width to 1350. s Click Duplicate. 9. expand Sections (Building Section). study the instance parameters under the Constraints.

Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Cherry s s Click Modify. Select both railings. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.10. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View.

Mode panel. The stair changes to the run sketch. s Zoom in on the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch.12. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The railings change. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Stairs and Railings s 225 . Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Next. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 14. Click it to select it. Delete this line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. click Edit Sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. 13. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. In the Type Selector. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. you change the shape of the stairs.

Stairs and Railings . click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 17. click the left end of the top riser. 16. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Click Modify. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 18. To place the second arc endpoint. s On the Modify panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 19. Click to place the arc. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. click Boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.15. On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.

20. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. This will define a rounded first step. First. the arc center point. Next.21. click Riser. For the third point. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the right boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Click CenterEnds-Arc.

22. click Finish. In this exercise. You also modified the properties of a railing. Open the {3D} view to see the results.Stairs and Railings . 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. 23.rvt.

Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Click Modify. Therefore. This is typically done in plan view. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. 2. 3. Stairs and Railings s 229 . the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. For simple railings. Zoom into the landing area as shown. you need to define a path for the railing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. The completed exercise To create a railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.rvt from the previous exercise. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. In this case. Select the right side railing. you sketch the plan view path. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it.

s s On the Options Bar. You do not need to add dimensions. 5. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Then. 6. edit the temporary dimension. 7. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Edit Path. The dimensions are shown as a guide.Stairs and Railings .4. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Once the railing is selected. On the Draw panel. click Line. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Mode panel. on the Modify | Railings tab. select Chain. To set the exact distance. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint.

Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.rvt. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete your lines and try again. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. 9. 8. In this exercise.

Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Create a Reference Plane 1. s On the Options Bar. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. the stairs appear as a U-shape. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.Stairs and Railings . s On the Home tab. In a floor plan view. Work Plane panel. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. set the Offset value to 850. 2. you create a reference plane.rvt from the previous exercise. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.

enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 6. enter Exit Stairs. 5. On the Properties palette.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Pull the cursor straight up. click Stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click OK. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. For Name.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 4. Dark Gray. Click Edit Type. Circulation panel. Click OK twice. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. To start sketching the run. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. On the Home tab. 3. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Matte 2.

enter 1925. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer to the right. Press ENTER. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). with none remaining to be created. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 8.7. 9.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the first run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.

Remove the additional lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click 3D View to view your model in 3D.10. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. but they are hidden behind walls. click Finish Stairs. Click Finish Stairs again. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the Stairs panel. On the View Control bar. 2. 11. You want to inspect your stairs. it is because you have overlapping lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. you select Continue to return the sketch. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. If you get an error message. To remove the lines.

6. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.Stairs and Railings . Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 4. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. you learned to create a reference plane. 3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The walls are now hidden. The exterior walls reappear. and to create a U-shaped stair. 5. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Finally. This is a multistory stair. 2. On the View Control Bar. Reset the Display 1. Zoom in to see your stairs. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.rvt. In this exercise. Select the stairs so they highlight.3. On the Properties palette.

escalators. and elevators. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. this openness makes them fire hazards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. They cost less.Stairs and Railings . Include landings as required by your local building code. and deliver riders without wait time. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. smoke guards. but they can also be highly decorative. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.

A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 40" 4. False Summary/Questions s 239 . False 2. 25 degrees b. s Create railings. 90 degrees d. 45 degrees c. and all treads should be the same run. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 36" d. 180 degrees 3. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. s Modify stair boundaries. b. True b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. General Questions 1. 30" b. 32" c. a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. you learned to: s Create stairs. a.

To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. To create railings on stairs without railings. Manage d. a. a. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. False 6. Treads. Arc d.Stairs and Railings . True b. Line b. Pick New Host b. risers and treads. Align Railing d. you use the _______ option. Attach Railing c. Railings. Home b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. riser d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Rectangle c. a. that is. risers b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. a. Run. Insert 2. Boundary lines. risers 3. riser lines c. Modify c. Fasten Railing 5. You can apply materials to different stair components. Circle 4. a.

Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 6. Lesson Plan 1. s Define a roof structure. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 9.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 7. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 10. s Place fascia. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 5.

A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. and downspouts. and pitch of a sloped roof. Calculate the rise. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. It addresses roof construction. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. After completing this lesson. tiles.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Identify the different roof types. gutters. roof types. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.Roofs . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. run. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.

Technology. Math (STEM). Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Engineering. s Shed: A roof with a single slope.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. technology. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. s Rake: The inclined. and math standards. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. About Roofs s 243 . engineering.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. texture. both low and steep. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and if visible. rot. fire-resistant. and if visible. the roofing pattern. texture. maintenance. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. You can use them for many different applications. and low maintenance roofing material. snow. and sunlight.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. are designed for shedding water and snow. resulting in at least one textured face. the roofing pattern. brands. These are used more often on upscale homes. and color. durability. resistance to wind and fire. About Roofs s 245 . and sun. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and colors. durability. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. Sloped roofs. and color. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. resistance to wind and fire. as well as how effective a shelter it is. They come in several types. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. maintenance.

246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. This same roof on a clear. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. When choosing the insulation for your job. or corrugated structural glass. consider such factors as cost. galvanized steel. quality. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. zinc alloy. and insulating capability (R-value). the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. durable. choose a type that will suit your needs. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. Unfortunately. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. and require little maintenance. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. reinforced plastic. special characteristics (for example. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. and so forth). galvanized steel.Roofs . Therefore.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. They are fire-resistant. odor. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. fiberglass. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. treatment for insects. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day.

The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Roofs . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Roofs . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.

The run value is typically equal to 12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. A number indicates the value of the rise. and span. where as. run. but the two sides are not symmetrical. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 .Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.

7 to 12. 7 on 12.Roofs . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 and 12. 7-12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. and pitch is noted as a fraction.

Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. To create a roof by face. Roofs s 255 . you can add gutters. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. dormers. or eaves. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s Assign roof structure and materials. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Once you create a roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. soffits. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and fascia. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s Create a hip roof. snow. often supporting a gutter. s Place gutters. s Create a roof fascia. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. that convey rainwater to drains. s Create various roof types. or ice. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. or roof overhangs. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. water. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint.

Roofs . and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. Engineering. and math standards. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

you create an extruded roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .rvt. In the Work Plane dialog box. 2. 3. Click OK to continue. Open ADA_Roofs. To create an extruded roof. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. select the Name option. 4.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.

2. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. The section view should display as shown. In the Go To View dialog box.5. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 6. Click Open View. 3. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 4. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Before sketching the roof's profile. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Drawing Reference Planes 1. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. click Ref Plane. click Line. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . In the Place Reference Plane context tab. select Section: Section 1. s Use the image below for guidance. On the Work Plane panel. Draw panel.

6. s Click the EQ toggle. s Click Modify. 5. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using the image below for guidance. Roofs s 259 . sketch from right to left along the Level line. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value.

Click OK. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Right-click. 6. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. On the Mode panel. 3. s On the Options Bar. 2. click Line. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. for Name. 4. 5. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. 7. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Click Modify.Roofs . click Chain. enter Horizontal. you can label them. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes.

9. Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic .12" type. Switch to a 3D view. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8.

Using the images for guidance. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 2. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.Roofs . 1. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Select the edge of the roof as shown. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. This is a two-step process. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. On the Modify tab.

open the view Sections: Section 1. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. To select both walls together. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. However. click Attach: Top/ Base. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Select the roof. This will join the wall tops to the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. Roofs s 263 .4. Select both walls. Trim Walls 1. 3. On the Modify Wall panel. On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. 2.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. In this exercise. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5.4. The roof now looks correct. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.rvt. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. Switch to a 3D view.Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.

In this exercise. 3.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 4. On the Home tab. so you look straight down as in a plan. a dialog box is displayed. Because you are in a 3D view. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. Click Yes. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. From the drop-down list. select Garage Roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Unit7_first_roof. 1. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The inner loops define openings in the roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. by Footprint. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Build panel. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline.rvt. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. from existing walls. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties.

select the vertical wall on the left. If you place a line on the wrong side. s On Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. Next. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 7.0". To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. click Defines Slope. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option.5. 6. 8.Roofs . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Pick Walls. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.

roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. click Yes. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Click the 9"/12" text. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. It becomes an editable field. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Click Modify. click Finish. 1. When a roof line is set to slope defining. The new roof displays. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Other controls also display. Select the right side roof line. change the value to 6"/12". Select the left slope defining line. 3. Change this value to 6"/12". By default. To complete the roof. Roofs s 267 . defining lines separately. 2.

Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.4. In this exercise. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.Roofs . 5. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.

rvt. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. click to select them. Roofs s 269 . The file opens to a 3D view. set the overhang to 1' 0".Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. To chain-select all of the walls. Build panel. Clear Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 2. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. On Home tab. 4.

Roofs . 3. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Create a Roof Opening 1. Using the image for guidance. Right-click. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Zoom into the chimney area. 4. 2. On the Options Bar. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. click Rectangle. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Draw panel. As an alternate.

Click Modify. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. As in the previous exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes. 6. On the Options Bar. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 2. select the Defines Slope. 5. horizontal line. The slope indicator displays.Add Slope Lines 1. Select the left lower horizontal line. select Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. 4. Click Finish. 3.

8. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.Roofs .7.rvt. attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration.

rvt. set Overhang to 2' . The file should open to a 3D view.0". Zoom into the area shown. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Select the three walls shown in the image. 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 3. Create the Roof 1. 5. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Roofs s 273 . The completed exercise On the Home tab. Build panel. On the Options Bar. 4. you create a hip roof. Select Defines Slope.

Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Click Finish to complete the roof. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. 3. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . click Line. Raise the Roof 1. In addition.7. s On the Draw panel. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Right-click the ViewCube. you use the Line tool.Roofs .0". 6. On the Properties palette. s s Clear Defines Slope. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click OK. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Switch to a 3D View. To close the roof sketch. 2.

Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

and then joined it to a wall.Roofs .2. you created a hip roof using a footprint. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt.

Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file should open to a 3D view.rvt. Roofs s 277 . 5. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 2. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. click Pick Walls. Clear Defines Slope. On the Draw panel. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 4. 6. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". click Line.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 7. 3. Create a Shed Roof 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.

Set the Offset to 0' 0". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Select the lower. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . horizontal line at the front of the roof. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 9. On the Properties palette. 12.8.Roofs . 10. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Right-click the line. Click Modify. 11.

In this exercise. you created a shed roof using a footprint. click Yes. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Roofs s 279 . When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 18. Switch to a 3D view. Finish the Roof. 17. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click OK. 15. 16.14.rvt.

Cutoff Level list. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. select Level 3. 2. Select the Roof. Activate the view North Elevation. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 4. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 3.Roofs . Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. The roof updates.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open the Default 3D view. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Properties palette.rvt. You see four levels defined in the model. 5. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the menu bar.

11. To set the slope for the new roof. click Pick Lines. 7. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Draw panel.6. Roofs s 281 . Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. Finish the Roof. On the Home tab. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 9. set the slope value to 3"/12". In this exercise. Open Floor Plan: Level 3.rvt. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 10. 12. 13. On the Options Bar. on the Properties palette. Zoom and spin to see your model. select Defines Slope. Switch to a 3D View. 8.

Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 2.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. thereby reducing energy consumption. Select the main roof over the house. In the Type Selector. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. 3. The file should open to a 3D view. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 1.

For Structure Value. It is a generic roof type. Click Insert to add a layer. click Duplicate. Roofs s 283 . click Edit Type. enter Clay Tile. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette.Define a Roof Structure 1. For Name. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 5. Select the roof over the garage. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Click OK. Select Layer 2 as shown. 4. 3. click Edit. 2. s s In the Type Properties dialog box.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".s s s In the Materials dialog box. 8. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 7. s Click OK. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Roofs . select Model. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. The garage roof displays a pattern.rvt. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. 6. Click OK twice.

or for decoration. On the Home tab.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Click Open.rfa. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. to support a gutter. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. 2. 3. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Insert tab. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Roofs s 285 .rvt. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 4. In the Open dialog box. In this exercise. click Roof > Fascia.

286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Duplicate. Matte. Set the Material value to Metal .5. click Edit Type. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. for Profile. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Click OK.Roofs . In the Type Properties dialog box. 6.Paint Finish Ivory. For Name.

9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Roofs s 287 .rvt. In this exercise. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. you defined and applied a roof fascia.

The file should open to a 3D view. Click OK.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. For Name. Under Material parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. so as not to detract from the design of the building. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. The completed exercise 4. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Gutter . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 1. On the Home tab. 3.Bevel: 5" x 5". you add gutters to a building. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. 6.Roofs . under Profile parameter. 5. s Click Duplicate. 2. click Roof > Gutter. select Metal Aluminum. Place Gutters In this exercise.rvt.

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners. In this exercise. Roofs s 289 . you attached gutters to a roof. If you click the interior face. 11. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.7. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 9. 10.rvt. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 8. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. water.Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . heat.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house.

s Place gutters. a. s Define a roof structure.Roofs . Shed 4. Gambrel d. Medium c. True b. When referring to roof slope. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. High d. the run is always 12. False 2. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Low b. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. General Questions 1. True b. Gable b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place fascia. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. None of the above 3. Hip c.

Walls. Footprint b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Create Slope d. extrusion. a. Material 8. lines c. False 5. a. extrusion. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Footprint. sketch. Walls d. Footprint b. 10. a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. SHIFT c. True b. Footprint. Slope c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Sketch. place a check mark next to: a. ______ or _______. pick d. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Trim/Extend b. DEL d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . c. ENTER 4. To add a slope to a roofline. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. TAB b. Cut/Lengthen c. profile. a. a. Change the direction of the roof. Defines Slope c. Create an opening. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Face 3. Turn slopes on or off. profile 2. Expand/Contract 6. Activate Slope 9. Roofs can be created using ______. Change the direction of the slope. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. b. True b. False 7. True b. A compound roof contains layers. d. Add Slope b. face b. Sketch c. a. you use: a. Extrusion d.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create material annotations. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Lesson Plan 1.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2.

Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and wall conditions at that particular slice location.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. the location of special equipment. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. the kitchen. bathrooms. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. In a commercial structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. cabinetry. and special equipment.Sections and Elevations . Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and tool racks. In a residential building. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. After completing this lesson. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. floor. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.

Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. and math standards. Engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. and Language Arts. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). on the long axis of the building. and foundation plans. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. framing. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.Sections and Elevations . 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. across its narrower dimension. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. t Cross or transverse sections. and are properly cross-referenced. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods.

such as framing connections and foundation details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. full. unnecessary. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). For larger elevations. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. such as doors and windows. s The position relationship between different elements. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. and then the name of the material. or methods of installation. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. quantity. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. cars. East. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. The size of the object is listed first. You may. and so forth. bushes. South. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. however. the titles assigned (North. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. people. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. For a wood structure. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . shadows. With interior elevations. For siding. For example. Therefore." Mfr. Unnecessary Information Shades. this is reversed.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. followed by any additional information about spacing. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north.

Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. This is more costly than regular overlay. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Molding is usually made of plaster. or a baseboard. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. This is usually done using a topset. or decorative patterns. doors and direction of door swings. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. windows. doors. and lip. other openings. casements. It may have curves. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and types of finish materials used. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. tile. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. It can also be used around doorways and windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. and special equipment such as toilets. dishwashers. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . or linoleum) and the wall. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. and materials used. Hinges are concealed. or MDF. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. coving. wood. Molding is normally decorative in nature. shelf arrangements. The trim is usually glued into place. which is a formed pressboard. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. and other appliances.Sections and Elevations . chamfers. flush overlay.

and a section symbol on all plans. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Change the section head. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Create an interior elevation. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Add slope annotations.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Place a section view on a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser.

Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Once created. like an elevation. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. and Language Arts. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. A section is a horizontal view. This lesson relates to science. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and math standards. technology. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Engineering.Sections and Elevations . The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Math (STEM).

Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. or other section view. elevation. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

Sections and Elevations . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. the section does not display in the elevation view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. By resizing the crop region. When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Once you create the detail section. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. In a set of construction documents. The slope is the ratio rise:run. tracing over the existing elements. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Details are crucial for effective construction. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. So. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Slope is also referred to as pitch. In the example shown.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. s Add detail notes. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Add structural details. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Add breaklines as needed. such as anchor bolts and siding. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run.

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. On the View tab. The Section command is available from the View tab. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 2. Create a Section View 1. Create panel. The file opens to a 3D view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. 3.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Open the file ADA_Sections.rvt. click Section. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 4. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The completed exercise 6. Sections and Elevations s 311 .

s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 3. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Section Properties 1. With the section line selected. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. 2.Sections and Elevations . and it has control grips to resize it. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The actual location is not critical. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. This is called the crop region.

rvt. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 7. In the Properties palette. The section view updates. 8. 6. 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. Sections and Elevations s 313 . you automatically created a section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). In this exercise. When you drew the section line. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.4. The view is listed in your Project Browser. change Far Clip Offset to 10.

click Load Family. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Insert tab. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Several section head families are available. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Click Open to load the family. Select Section Head-Open. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Settings panel. and Section Head .Sections and Elevations . For Name. 2. enter Open Arrow. 5. click Duplicate. The view does not change. 3. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Manage tab. 7. Section Head .Filled. In this exercise.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.rvt. Load from Library panel. 4. Click OK.rfa. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.No Arrow. They include Section Head .1 point Filled. 6.

For Section Head. Click OK.rvt.Open. enter Open Arrow. 10. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. select Open Arrow. Click Duplicate. 9. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 13. Save as Unit8_section_open. Sections and Elevations s 315 . select Section Head . 14. For Name. Click OK. On the Properties palette. The section head updates to the new head type.8. In the Section Tag field. 11. 12. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. click Edit Type. Select the section line. In this exercise.

4. 5.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. select the border of the callout. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. To reposition the callout head.rvt.Sections and Elevations . This is a building section. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. On the Options Bar. On the View tab. 3. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". click Callout. Create panel. Use the image below for guidance. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 2.

You can add detail lines. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. On the Properties palette. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. 1. Detail panel. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. as shown.rvt. 4. Line is selected automatically. but not strongly. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. select Chain. detail components. On the Draw panel. On the Annotate tab. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 8.7. region patterns. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 2. click Region > Filled Region. On the Options Bar. 3.

You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . 7. Select the upper and right side lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click OK. For Name. 6. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.5. enter Earth.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 3.8. click Load Family. On the Mode panel. select Finish (green check). 9. Detail panel. Click Open. 2. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.Section. If you zoom in closer. From the Fill Pattern list. 1.rfa. click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 319 . the filled region may appear as solid fill. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. On the Place Detail Component tab. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.

Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 5. From the Type Selector. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.4. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. In the Specify Types dialog box. Click OK. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.Sections and Elevations .

Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Using the image below for guidance. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Add another Detail Component.6. From the Type Selector list. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. 7. 8.

Click Component > Detail Component. select anchor bolt. Click Modify. The exact vertical placement is not critical. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. set the Thickness to 3/4". Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. 12. Select the vertical plywood. 11. Use the image below for guidance. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the component similarly to the image below.9. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.Sections and Elevations . This component represents the subflooring. On the Properties palette. 10. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.

From the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. On the Modify panel of the context tab. 14. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Copy. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Multiple. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.13. select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component.

From the Line Style Selector. Detail panel. click Detail Line.15. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. select Wide Lines. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 2. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Save the file. 16. Start at the end of the siding.Sections and Elevations . Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Add Detail Lines 1.

4. 5. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Zoom out.3. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Still using Wide Lines.

Click Modify.6. click Insulation. The wall display updates. 2. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 10. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Select the wall so it highlights. 9. select the Material field in row 3. Add Insulation 1.Sections and Elevations . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 7. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click Edit in the Structure field. Next. Save the file. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. identified as Wall material 1. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Detail panel. 8. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. On the Annotate tab. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.

The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. From the Type Selector. 3. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. On the Annotate tab. select Break Line. 1.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Your view should resemble the image shown. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown.

Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. detail lines. 7. Place the breakline as shown. and detail components to it. The Detail Component tool is still active. 6. To complete the detail. Click Zoom to Fit. you created a detail section view and added filled regions.4. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. You place another breakline. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). In this exercise. Save the file. 5.Sections and Elevations . The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The view should resemble the image shown.

Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. s Clear Annotation Crop. quantity. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. and ventilation methods in construction documents. With nothing selected in the view. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. The border around the view will disappear. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 2. To add notes.rvt. weatherproofing. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The size of the object is listed first. 1. or methods of installation. 3.

Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 6. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 10. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. click Text. Finally. Move the pointer up 11. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.4. 9. From the Type list. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. As you pull your cursor to the right.4" WEATHERING.Sections and Elevations . Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 12. Text panel. leader arrow as shown. On the Annotate tab. 7. click Two Segments. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. R13. 5. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. On the Format panel. insulation.

Sections and Elevations s 331 . Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. CONT is short for Continuous.. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Click ENTER to start a second line of text.TYPE X. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. O. as the second line of text. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.C. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. 14. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.C. 20. 17. 18. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT.. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 15. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. 16. Start the next text at the interior wall. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.C. . Start the next text at the baseboard.13. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Click off the text to finish the entry. 19. Enter 5/8" GWB .C.

you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes.. In this exercise. 21. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Modify. 22. 23. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click ENTER to start a second line. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.Sections and Elevations . 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .

you create a new sheet with your custom title block. and locate the detail view on it.rvt. The new sheet becomes the current view. click Load. section. Locate the A-Landscape. Click New Sheet. 6. Click Open. 4. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Highlight your title block. you will want to add the views to a sheet.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 5. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Right-click. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. highlight Sheets. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. or elevation view. In the Project Browser. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. In this exercise. 3. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 2.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail.

9. Drag it to the right.7. Select a Level Line. click Hide Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together. Click the control at its left end. On the View Control Bar. click Show Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border. select view Detail at Foundation. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. In the Project Browser. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 8.Sections and Elevations . On the View Control Bar. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown.

11. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. 13. For Name.10. Click OK. you: s Created a new sheet.301. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter S. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. For Number. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 12. In the Project Browser. s Modified the label values in the title block. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. highlight the new sheet. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.rvt. Click Rename.

336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. 4. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. south. s Set the display for building components as needed. The elevation markers are now visible. 2. When you create a project with a template. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Select Elevations. Click OK. four elevation views are included: north. 6. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). east. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. It is defined by the green dotted line. 3.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Right-click.Sections and Elevations . s Add material notes. 5. Open ADA_Elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotations tab. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. s Add any necessary dimensions. s Add slope indication for roof.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. and west.

Switch to an Elevation View 1. clear Planting. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Next. On the View Control Bar. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Annotations tab. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. On the Modelling tab. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. clear Sections.2. 4. 5. 3. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.

modified its display. click Edit Type. 10.7. On the Properties palette. 8. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. you activated an elevation view. click to open the list. 12. In Surface Pattern. In the Type Properties dialog box.Sections and Elevations . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.Exterior Stucco. select Edit in the Structure field. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the button that displays to select a material. Select Sand.rvt. Select the Material field for Layer 1. and modified the wall display characteristics. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 9. 13. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Select the wall. It will be identified as Condo . Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 11.

rvt. Add a note for the foundation. or methods of installation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 3. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Add a note for the stone wall. The size of the object is listed first. Enter TX. Set the Leader type to One Segment. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 4. 2. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. In the Type Selector. quantity. 5. Sections and Elevations s 339 .

Add a note for the exterior stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.6. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . 8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the brick wall. 7.

For Offset from Reference. Click to select the roof line. 4. Dimension panel. enter 1/8". 1. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. from the Slope Representation list. select Triangle. 6. 5. On the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated.rvt. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. 2.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Sections and Elevations s 341 . On the Options Bar. 3. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. click Spot Slope.

Sections and Elevations .7. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 11. Dimension panel. click Aligned. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click to locate the slope indicator. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify. 10. 9. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown.

you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. select wall breaks and levels. The west elevation now contains material notes. and vertical dimensions. leaders. In this exercise. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. slope indicators. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.12.rvt. 13. Sections and Elevations s 343 . and dimensions for clarity. 14. Arrange notes.

Click Open View. In the Project Browser. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.rvt. This view was already defined in the drawing. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. 2.Sections and Elevations .Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. equipment rooms. Highlight the view. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Click Find Referring Views. and cabinetry. dimensions. special closets. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. kitchens. 3.

Clear Use Project Settings. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". s s s s Click Duplicate. click OK. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes.4. click Aligned. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Dimension panel. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. 6. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 5. 7. Right-click. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click the value field for Units Format 8.

Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. detail the interior section.9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.Sections and Elevations .rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. 10.

All of the above 5. All of the above. b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create filled regions. General Questions 1. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. 4. d. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. s Create a section view. a. it depends. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . is always the true orientation. s Create slope annotations. Cabinetry d. Either one. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Not in Contract c. s Create material annotations. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. 2. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Nobody in Charge d. Not in Concrete b. Walls c. Show the relationships between elements. True b. c. The direction the viewer is facing. The direction the structure is facing. b. c. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. False 3. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. such as north.

You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The height of the view. d. a.Sections and Elevations . Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. you use: a. b and c. Element properties c. b. Right-click. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. False 2. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. North 3. Sun and Shadow b. b. True b. a. but not a 6. The boundaries of the view. c. On the View tab. d. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The detail level of the view. East b. Click Add View. c. 4. The dotted line indicates: a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. True b. Which elevation is it? a. West c. South d. False 5. The Visual Style of the view. click Sheet Composition > View.

s Load a schedule tag. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Export a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. Review Schedules. 3. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

and thickness. This lesson relates to science. such as reference number. and math standards. Technology. and Language Arts. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. About Schedules s 351 . engineering. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. width. Math (STEM). height. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Some of these building objects include. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering.

the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. depending on the style of the architectural firm. Instance. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules . s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. However. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. There are different types of schedule tables.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 .

E for electrical. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Other letters are P for plumbing. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedules .Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Using the software. However. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Like schedules. and A for appliances. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. A circle. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. hexagon. The following image shows door.

Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. s Add room tags. technology. s Create a room schedule. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). Schedules list items such as doors. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and math standards. materials. windows. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. equipment. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. and you can create your own schedules. s Export a schedule. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Schedules s 355 . Technology. rooms. Project templates include preset schedules. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. hardware.

and you set the schedule to display totals. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.Schedules . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

Click Add. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 3. 4. On the View tab. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. and Width.s Window Tag 5. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Continue to add fields to the schedule. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Level. 6. In Available Fields. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Schedules s 357 . select Comments. Height. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Add Count. Type Mark. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 7. Select Windows from the list.

The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. from left to right. Click OK to finish the schedule. Select the fields. 9. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.8.

select Type Mark. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 2. Select Blank Line. Schedules s 359 . but without any useful calculations yet. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. From the Sort By list. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 3. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 1. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.

Notice how the schedule has changed. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. select Level. in the Then By sorting field. 1.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 4. in this case). click Edit.Schedules . The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 3. you can have the schedule report this. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. clear Itemize Every Instance. click the schedule name. On the Properties palette. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. Rather than make a manual calculation. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. In order to calculate the total number of windows. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping. In the Project Browser. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2.

The totals for each window type now display. select Title. for Sorting/ Grouping. select Footer. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. click Edit 7. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Count.rvt. and Totals. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. s Set the schedule to display category totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.5. 6. Schedules s 361 . From the list. In this exercise.

Open ADA_Room_Tags. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . occupancy. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Room size. In this exercise.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 3. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Click Open. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. based on the amount of space in each room. 5.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. click Room > Room. ceiling type. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Locate the file named Room Tag. floor type. 4. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.Schedules . One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.rvt. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. On the Home tab. Room & Area panel. 2.

and in the hall as shown. On the Home tab. 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 6.In the Type Selector. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Room & Area panel. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 8. Schedules s 363 . click Room > Room Separation Line. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. a total of 7.

Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The area value for Room 7 updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . On the Room & Area panel. An edit box activates. Click Modify. Select Room #2. 10. 13. The room tag updates. click Room. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 11. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Click the Room text.9. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 12.

On the Properties palette. 15. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Tagged various objects. for Name. Schedules s 365 . Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Added a room separation. In this exercise.14.rvt. you: s Loaded a room tag. enter Sales. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.

Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Name.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 4.Schedules . Set the Sort By value to Number. The completed exercise 5. Click OK. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 6. Click Add--> after each selection. On the View tab. For Name.rvt. and Area to be included in your schedule. 3. In the Available Fields pane. select Number. 2. enter Square Footage Report. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Create panel. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Create a Room Schedule 1.

9. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Click OK. Click the Formatting tab. clear Use Project Settings. In the Format dialog box. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Number field. s Set Alignment to Right. Select Title and Totals from the list. 10. Select Grand Totals. 8. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Change the Heading to No. Highlight the Area field. s Click Field Format.7. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Select Calculate Totals.

You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.rvt. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. 12. you: s Created a room schedule. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .11. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules .

You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Click OK. Note the formatting that has been applied. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. The file is created. Schedules s 369 . On the application menu. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 3. Using your Windows Explorer. Double-click it to open it. You can then use this file in other applications.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 5.rvt. locate the file you created. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 4. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 2. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 6. Click Save.txt) file. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Browse to a directory to save your report. you export the room schedule to a text file. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.Schedules . 8. Close the text file.7. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. In this exercise.

2. Quantity c. Type b. s Export a schedule. None of the above. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. False 4. you learned to: s Create a schedule. c. False Summary/Questions s 371 . s Place a schedule tag.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. Matrix d. True b. A list of information that defines specific building objects. b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Questions 1. True b. d. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. s Load a schedule tag. What is a schedule table? a. s Reformat a schedule. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. a. A list of sheets used in a project. Instance 3.

a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Home d.Schedules . Annotate b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. CSV d. use the ____ . View tab c. Modify 2. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Annotate tab b. View c. Application menu d. XLS c. To export a schedule. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Manage tab 3. TXT b.

(Student) Evaluate Students. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 2. Lesson Plan 1. 3. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. Review Visualization. 4.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 5.

Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Assign materials. Finally. or camera on a path. s Export a DWG file.Visualization . s Create and edit a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Export an FBX file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Orient walls and windows. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. s Export a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. and Language Arts. you create a walkthrough. s Apply shading to a view. s Add planting components. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Create a raytrace rendering. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Engineering. s Place a camera.

Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Click Zoom to Fit. courseware datasets. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Unit2_custom_family. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects.rvt. s s 2. You worked on animations. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. s Make a camera view the active view. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files.

The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select one of the exterior walls. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. If you do not see any change in the wall display. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 6. Right-click. The wall display updates. Select any exterior wall. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The walls now display layers of materials. 5. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Stud.Visualization .3. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 4.

Click OK.7. Click Change wall's orientation. In addition to using the control arrows. Visualization s 377 . Select Site: Grass. Repeat the process for the windows. Select the toposurface object. 10. 8. Open the Default 3D view. you can: s s s 9. On the Properties palette. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Right-click. Select walls.

for Files of type.Visualization .FBX). If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Select the file name. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. and click Open. click Export > FBX. This will filter the file list. Export the Model to FBX 1.rvt. In the Select File to Import dialog box. click Import > Import. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 2. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Note the file location. On the application menu. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. 12. 3. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. you have completed this exercise.11. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. If necessary. Depending on your system resources. Visualization s 379 . 3. Export the Model to DWG 1. Note the file location. On the application menu. click Next. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. There is no way to update it from Revit. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.4. Open or return to Revit. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. open Unit10_Export.rvt. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. you have completed this exercise. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close the file without saving. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 2.

6. 7. On the application menu.rvt.4. open Unit10_Export. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Attach This File. In the File Link Manager . Open 3ds Max Design. Close the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Select the file name. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. click References > File Link Manager.max. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If necessary. 8. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 5. Open or return to Revit. Select two windows as shown. Click Open. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 9. click File. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.Visualization .

12. In the dialog box.10. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Visualization s 381 . The windows have updated. 11. Open the 3D view. Save the file. 13. Save the export file using the same name as before. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". On the application menu.

Visualization . s Close the File Link Manager. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. The linked file updates. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.14. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click Reload. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. In this exercise. Open the Files tab. Open the File Link Manager. s Changed a material definition. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Oriented walls and windows. The windows have changed. 15.

Visualization s 383 . On the View tab. If you place the camera too close to the model. 3. as shown. and create a second rendering. you place a camera in a model. generate a rendering. Create panel.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Open the Site view. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. change materials. click Camera.rvt. Open Unit10_Export. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In this exercise. Place a Camera 1. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. add plantings to the model.

Return to the perspective view. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 6. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. click Show Rendering Dialog.4. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 7. Render Setup 1. 5. Right-click. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select Very Few Clouds. If necessary. s s s s Open a floor plan view. The camera perspective view opens. Click Show Camera. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. The camera will be visible.Visualization . Open the Site view again. On the View Control Bar.

2.30' approximately as shown. Visualization s 385 . Accept the default settings for Quality. Model Site panel. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. s Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view.3. and Lighting. Open view 3D View 1. Click Render. Open the Site view. Enhance the Model 1. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . 3. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. On the Massing & Site tab. click Site Component. Output Settings.

5. Click Edit in the Structure field. click OK. On the Properties palette. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Layer 1 Material field. 3. In the Save to Project dialog box. In the Materials list.Wood Shake. 2. 4. In the Rendering dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. select Roofing . 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Change Materials 1. click Save to Project. click Edit Type.4. click Show the Model.Visualization . click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. click Edit Type. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 6. Select the roof. and you can now select elements for editing. On the Properties palette. The model displays in the view. 5. Select an exterior wall.

8.10. Click Replace. 9. Select the icon next to Masonry . 7. Click the Render Appearance tab. Visualization s 387 . Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.

In the Rendering dialog box.Brick Uniform Running Brown. s Placed site planting components in the model. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 13. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 12. s Edited materials in model components. In the Rendering dialog box. Select Masonry . In this exercise. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. click Render.rvt. click Save to Project.11. s Generated and captured a second render image. The new image is placed in its own view. 15. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Created a raytrace setup. Save the file as Unit10_render.Visualization . 14. Click OK. 16.

A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Each view. Open floor plan view Level 1. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. To place a key frame. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Edit the camera and path. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s View the animation in a media player. 4. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. or frame. In this exercise. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. and exported individually. 3. Create panel. 2. rendered. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s On the View tab. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s Right-click again. in a project model. or walkthroughs. Click Zoom to Fit. s Right-click. click to the left of the model as shown. The camera and path can be edited. Open Unit10_render.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options.rvt. Visualization s 389 .

9. Select the direction control for the camera. 7. 11. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Edit Walkthrough. 6. The camera is located on the final key frame. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. click Finish Walkthrough. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 8. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .5. Drag it to the left. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 10. Walkthrough panel. Repeat for all the key frames.Visualization .

From the Controls list. If camera positions distort. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. The path displays control dots at key frames. Check the view in several key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. Drag the path away from the model as shown. 2. Click Open. select Path.12. 3. click Next Key Frame. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 13. Click Edit Walkthrough. Visualization s 391 .

This may take a long time depending on your system resources. File Name. 3. Click Play. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame.rvt. Revit generates the external AVI file. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click OK. click OK. 4. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. On the application menu. Click Save. In the Video Compression dialog box. 2. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Export the Walkthrough 1.Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Length/Format dialog box. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 2.Visualization . notice where you save the file.

Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. It plays in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. 6.5. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Visualization s 393 .

s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.7. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file. s Edited the path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. If you have made changes to the building model. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization .

Flip Orientation d. Export > FBX 3. False 2. you use: a. s Orient walls and windows. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. True b. you use: a. Align c. a. s Export a DWG file. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Place a camera. s Apply shading to a view.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. True b. Print to File b. Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 395 . a. s Play a walkthrough. a. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Export a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. Split b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Demolish 2. s Create a raytrace rendering. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. True b. s Add planting components. s Assign materials. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. View > Shading d. Save As > FBX c.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Lesson Plan 1. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams. In the following exercises. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 4. foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 5. and braces. beams and braces. 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Evaluate Students. beam systems. Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. you learn how to place structural columns. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 3.

Structural . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other structural elements will be located in a building. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .

and other building objects.Structural . Knowing where structural members.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns. walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.

Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Technology. Place beam systems and braces. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. After completing this lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. Structural s 401 . Create column grids. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. 2. Open Deck Framing. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. In this exercise. often mainly glass.Hide Category. 3. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. wood. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. As with columns. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Structural columns can be steel.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. In residential construction. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Beams connect columns or walls. On the View Control Bar. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. beams can be steel. spans without walls. or reinforced concrete. this is known as post and beam construction. They come in types defined by size and shape. or concrete. wood.Structural . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Select a floor. click Column > Structural Column. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. 1.

Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 3A. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. On the Options Bar. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the View Control Bar. click Depth. 5. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 8.4. 7. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 6. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. and 4B. In the Type Selector. Structural s 403 . This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8".

and columns clearly. Right-click. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click OK. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Open Plan View Deck Framing. rail. Click OK.Structural .9. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). 11. Click Hide In View > Element. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Place Beams 1. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The columns are now hidden by the floors. 2. 10. In the Project Browser. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Zoom in so you can see the deck.

5.3. select Chain. s In the view window. In the Type Selector. On the Structure tab. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Structure panel. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click Beam. 4. On the Options Bar. Click.

6.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. 7. Click. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural .

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 11. as shown. 9. Click. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click on grid intersection B4. In this exercise. If a Warning dialog box that opens.rvt. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. On the Properties palette. 12.8. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structure panel. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click Modify. Structural s 407 . click Make Wall Bearing. Click OK. click Beam.

Click the beam on Grid 1.Structural . On the Structure tab. 4. s Place braces.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Pick Supports. click No. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Open Deck Beams. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. or number of beams in a bay. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. click Beam System. The completed exercise 5. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. click Sketch Beam System. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Structure panel. Place Beam Systems 1. distance. 2. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. you: s Place beam systems. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. 3. Open Plan View Deck Framing.rvt. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You place vertical bracing in elevation views. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. In this exercise.

6. as shown. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 . On the Draw panel. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line. Draw a line on the face of the wall. 7.

2". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . set Elevation to -0'-9".6". Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s s On the Draw panel. On the Mode panel. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette.Structural . Trim as necessary. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. On the Properties palette.8. 10. s 9. Click the beam on Grid 2. click Create Similar. click Line. 11. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click Finish. click Pick Supports. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s s On the Draw panel.

Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the Structure tab. click Brace. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 5. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. 4.Place Braces 1. 3. It has an automatic work plane. Create panel. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. unlike regular elevations. 2. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Structural s 411 . as shown. Click to place the elevation. On the View tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Structure panel. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a.

select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. to start the brace. Click Modify.6. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 7.Structural . In the Type Selector. 8. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the view window. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.

you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise. 11.10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.rvt. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure.

To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. click in the lower left to start a grid line. Grid datasets.Structural . 2. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. In this exercise. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. and section views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. The exact location is not critical. and walls. but they can also be angular and radial. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Datum panel. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Pull the cursor straight up. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. This is a common step early in designing a large building. as shown. The numbering automatically increments. You can change a grid number at any time. The exact length is not critical. In plan views. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. beams. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. click Grid. elevation. s s In the view window.

3. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. The Grid tool is still active. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Structural s 415 . Click to start another grid line.

7. The new grid line will be number 3. click Copy.Structural . 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. click to place the grid line. Pull the cursor to the right. 6. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. close to the heads. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool.5. Pull the cursor to the left. Press ENTER. The new grid line is number 5. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. s Select Grid Line 2. Press ENTER. Click to start a grid line. Repeat to create grid line 4. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Enter A at the keyboard. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0".

To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click Copy. 11. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Grid 2. Change the number to 2. s Select grid 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool.8. On the grid line. 10. Structural s 417 . This grid line will be number B. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one.1. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. This completes the main grid. The Grid tool is still active.1 is still selected. 9. s Click to place the grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.

Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Home tab. On the Draw panel. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. s Click to start the grid line. On the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit. On the Options Bar. select Center-Ends Arc. enter 15. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Press ENTER. Create panel. click Grid. Click to place the grid head.Structural . The Grid tool is still active. In the Radius field. set Offset to 15'-0". 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Draw panel. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Pick. 4. 3. Change the number to EE. click Radius. Click in the new grid bubble.000 o . s s Click grid intersection D3.

Click the control grip at the end of the grid line.5. You will need to identify it easily. Drag it down below the radial grids. 7. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. 6. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click to place grid FF. Structural s 419 . Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3.

Enter 31 to change the name. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.Structural . s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Mirror . To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s In this exercise. s Select grid 3. click Create Similar.8.rvt. s 10. Zoom to Fit. 9. Revit will create grid 32. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Select grid 31. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Pick Axis. 11.000.

s Add footings to columns. In this exercise. Structure panel. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. This is a steel column. click Column > Structural Column. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. you typically create a grid. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. s Change a grid layout. Open ADA_Grids-complete. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. Structural s 421 . You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. As a result. Now you place columns at grid intersections. 2. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. s 3.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. In the Type Selector. s Use a column grid to place beams. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

4. 6. set Height to Level 3. On the Multiple panel. 2. A. B. click Finish. C and D.Structural . 5. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 4. In the Multiple panel.s s On the Options Bar. 3. click At Grids. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

On the Multiple panel. click Finish. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Multiple panel. Open Floor Plan Level 2. 3. Zoom to Fit. 2. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Click Grid 1.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. and beams will move to the right. 5. Window-select all the grid lines. click On Grids. Structural s 423 . The grid. click Beam. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. 4. columns.

Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. On the Quick Access toolbar. On the Multiple panel.Structural . 6. click Isolated. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3. click At Columns. window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. 2. Columns and beams will move to the right. click No. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click Finish. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. In the view window. click Undo.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Click Redo. Open the Default 3D view. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 1. 4.

Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 6. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.5. The footing had been placed at Level 1. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Structural s 425 . A warning displays. Click OK. To change the size of the footing. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 7. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. The footing changes size. Press ESC to clear the column selection. in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". s On the Properties palette.

Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams.8. s Added footings to columns. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. Save and close the file. s Changed a grid layout. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In this exercise.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.Structural . s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

s Add footings to columns. 2. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Use a column grid to place columns.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Column b. Questions 1. Brace c. True b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beam systems. All of the above. s Place braces. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout. Beam d. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a.

Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Properties c. you can: a. All of the above. Select the type of beam or column to place. c. When placing columns or beams. 5. d. Use grid lines and grid intersections. b. Pick points. you: a. Flip Orientation d. b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. False 4. If you relocate a grid line. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. True b. A but not B. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. Select a beam type and define the system layout. A and B. To create a beam system. 3. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. Stretch b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. d. True b. you use: a.Structural . To change the height of a column. a.

Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Executive Director.org Project Lead the Way. Poway High School. Susan Harrington . WI Roger Dohm . International Technology Education Association www.Instructor. Inc. Poway.iteaconnect. Randy Dymond. CA Ronald A Williams.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Ltd.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Teacher. Milwaukee. Copyright s 431 .Director. PE .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Smith . Starkweather .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Mathematics. South Division High School.

© 2010 Autodesk. AutoCAD Architecture. Inc. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Autodesk Inventor.. by any method. product names. All rights reserved. AutoCAD. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Autodesk Revit MEP. INC. Trademarks Autodesk. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Inc. for any purpose. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Published by: Autodesk. Inc. INC.” AUTODESK. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. may not be reproduced in any form. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . CA 94903. All other brand names. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc. or parts thereof. this publication. 2010 Autodesk. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Inc. All rights reserved. “AS IS.. AutoCAD MEP. AutoCAD Civil 3D. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite.

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