Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.When sketching walls. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.Software Tools . You can add building elements in plan.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and 3D views. stairs. section. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. furniture. elevation. Other building elements such as doors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . roofs. floors. windows.

relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. If one is moved. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. or at any time after. In the two illustrations shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the illustration shown. the other will move as well.

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved.

s Use tools to create building elements from masses. and math standards.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. s Constrain placement of objects. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Place a predefined Mass family. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.

and curtain systems. quickly. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. size. and then converted into building components such as floors. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Masses can be edited in many ways.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. There are mass families available to load into a project. walls. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . A designer. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. such as distance requirements from roadways.Software Tools . owner. you can create in-place masses. roofs. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools .

masses. roofs. and curtain systems by selecting faces of.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. walls. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Technology. Engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Explain the use of dimensions. technology. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotation includes text notes. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. legends.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. engineering. and symbol heads. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. tags.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be linear.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. and permanent dimensions for annotating. or angular.

Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Work with tool buttons. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . engineering. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Technology. technology. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Engineering. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. and Options Bar.Software Tools . the Type Selector.

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. for instance. beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. and rooms. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. windows. Some commands will not be active (that is. doors.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and text. columns. slabs. and foundations. braces. trusses. Display and Navigation s 33 . detailing. structural walls. symbols.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste.Software Tools . and inquiry. materials. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and parameters.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save. This menu has file management tools such as New.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Close.Software Tools . Print. Open. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. and groups. Legends.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. with four elevation markers visible. families. sheets.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

A check mark indicates it is visible. sun settings. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. visual style.Software Tools . rendering (in 3D views). This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. shadow display. View Control Bar View scale. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. cropping. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. Windows panel on the ribbon. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. level of detail. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar.

The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Select the desired view scale from the list. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. but not at Coarse. Display and Navigation s 43 . place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. To change the scale of a view.

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded with Edges. Shaded.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 47 . The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. or by global location. which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity.

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and materials applied to model surfaces.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows.

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. Once elements have been hidden.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools . These controls. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.

View. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Manage and Modify. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Collaborate. Massing & Site. Annotate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. To activate or open a view. Structure. Display and Navigation s 55 .All views are listed in the Project Browser. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Insert. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Nine tabs are available: Home.

Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools .

If you select items in the view window. the Options Bar may display below it. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Options Bar. showing options that you can select while you are working. a context tab opens on the ribbon.Context Tabs. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Properties Palette. When a context tab is active.

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Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

The application menu contains file management controls. Click a file name to open that file. the application menu. Print. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. such as File Open. Display and Navigation s 65 . File Save. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Export. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. and Publish. New File. File Close only appears on the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. The completed exercise 4. or click New > Project from the application menu. Do this for other tabs. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. If you select the menu option. After you have examined each of them. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. make the Home tab active. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Navigation s 67 . 2. 3.

68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.Software Tools . You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. 6. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. you opened a project file. and then viewed. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. In this exercise. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Select Cycle Through All. 7. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Close the file without saving. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.5. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.

rvt. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Open quick_start_building_elements. The file opens to a 3D view. Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. In the Project Browser. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. 2. Exercise 2.

The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 6. . Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. On the Properties palette. You are selecting everything visible. Click any interior wall. Click Filter panel > Filter. all the walls. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 4. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 5.Software Tools . Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 7. 8. Click the door in the upper left of the model. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click OK. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. doors. Clear Walls and Doors. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. and windows highlight blue.3.

Click any door. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 11. 10. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. you opened a project file. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. On the Properties palette.rvt. examined the menus and toolbars. 12. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.9. Place a door as shown. In this exercise. click Create panel > Create Similar. Display and Navigation s 71 . Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Modify | Doors context tab.

floors). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. ceiling plan. s Work with Revit families. display controls. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. In the exercises. s Create a new in-place family. templates. annotations. and elevation views by default. Math (STEM).Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit provides floor plan. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . drafting views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Component families include model objects (furniture. and 3D views using the View menu. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Pan. System families include levels. schedules. Technology. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. s Load and place component families. You can create sections. and Language Arts. Engineering. either predefined or user-created. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. lines. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. operating settings. building elements (walls.Software Tools . you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and views. mechanical equipment).

and math standards. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. engineering.

Click the Annotation Categories tab. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click Zoom to Fit. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form.Exercise: View Controls A building model. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Open Unit2_building_elements. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Use your keyboard to enter VV. even a small one. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Four elevation markers are visible. Click OK. 3. Right-click. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is an extensive database. Rightclick in the view window.rvt. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. VG also opens the dialog box. The display changes. There is no way to see everything in it. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Click Zoom to Fit. 2.Software Tools . View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The elevation markers disappear from the view. First.

This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Select Detail Level: Medium. Enter ZF. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Open. click Detail Level. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Zoom to Fit. 7. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Select the roof outline. On the View Control Bar. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Click and drag the cursor as shown. 6. Click Zoom In Region. Right-click. In the Project Browser. so be sure to select them both. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 5.4.

It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Enter VH. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. change the Underlay value to None. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. View Properties 1. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 2. Turn off visibility of the elevations.Software Tools . The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties.8. Click Zoom to Fit. doors and windows are not shown. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. as before. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.

Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.0". the ridge is now visible. enter Roof. Click OK. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Set the cut plane value to 7' .3. Click Rename. For Name. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Next to View Range. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Right-click. and where the cut plane sits. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. click Edit. 4.

In the dialog box that opens. 2. select Shadows On. 3. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 4. 5. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Still. Accept the location that activates. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Open Elevation view South. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Shading with Edges. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the Presets list. select Winter Solstice.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. Set the time to 9:30 am. under Solar Study. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . The elevation shadows update. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.rvt.

Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. windows. On the Home tab. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. floors. click Door. Doors are considered standard family entities. In Revit. standard families.Software Tools . you open an existing project file. and place Revit families. and floors. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. and use a Revit family to place a door. Open Unit2_views. furniture). This exercise illustrates how you locate. or institutional structures. and families in place. 3. These components are called families and there are several different types. windows. Doors. walls. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. railings. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. or stand-alone (for example. Build panel. and annotations are examples of standard families. is predefined within Revit. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. load. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors and windows are dependent on walls). You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. There are system families. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. roofs. commercial. such as levels. s A system family. and furniture. 2. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. You add closet doors to interior walls.rvt. and so on. furniture. lights. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. Additionally.

Tag panel. Click Open. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. As you move your cursor near any wall. Family files have a file extension of *.rfa.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. If you highlight a door family. Furniture. Click Open. You click to place an instance of the door family.rvt.rfa. It has a number of different sizes defined. and Annotation. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Project files have a file extension of *. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Click the Doors folder. 4. Locate Double Panel 2. Accept the default size. On the Modify | Place Door tab. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. 5. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. s s 6.

The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. In this exercise. and placed instances of a door family. 8. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.rvt. Place two more instances of the door as shown. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Place an instance of the door as shown. but not strongly. you located.7. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. simply click it. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. loaded. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 9.Software Tools . It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.

4. Open Unit2_doors_walls. In the Type Properties dialog box.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. click Duplicate. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . Select the double door as shown. enter 48" x 80". For Name. The required width is not available. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click OK. modify a door family. and create an in-place family. you open an existing project file. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 5.rvt. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. This door needs to be 48" wide. 2. 3. Click Properties palette > Edit Type.

select Generic Models. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). On the Properties palette. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 1.6. 4. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. In the dialog box.Software Tools . 3. is to create a component family in place. 2. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 5. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. The door updates. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. For Name. Click OK. enter Hall Clock. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. On the Home tab. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK. click Component > Model In-Place. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Build panel.

0' 2". Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 11. 8.2". Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . The family model updates. 12. Revit will display . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). On the Draw panel. You have created the base of the clock. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 7. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 13. 9. and placed a door family. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.rvt.6. 10. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. In this exercise. loaded. Click OK.4" as shown. you located. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. click Rectangle. as shown.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.Software Tools . s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math.

Either a or b. False 4. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. and click Open. Right-click. 7. False 2. s Change view properties.Software Tools . True b. c. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Go to View > View Name in the menu. True b. Turn on Shadows. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. d. context tabs. load. False 5. a. d. Create a 3D perspective view. b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Adjust Visual Style Options. s Open different views. The tool shown is used to: a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Create an in-place model family. and Options Bar. b. s Change type properties of a family. False 3. c. Each project has several predefined views. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Questions 1. tab. d. True b. All content tools are located on the ribbon. a. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. 6.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Spin the model in 3D space. True b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Views can be renamed. Zoom to the entire model. c. depending on the template selected. and place a family from a library. s Change view displays. a. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. To activate a view: a. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. b. s Access.

If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . In-Place d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. Pan and Zoom b.) are called: a. A family created within a project is called ________________. windows. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Multiview b. Project Browser d. Properties palette 10. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.8. Standard b. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Families 11. a. etc. Rotate c. System c. All of the above. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Blocks c. Parts d. Scroll d. depending on settings 9.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Set project units. s Create dimension and text styles. 7. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. Lesson Plan 1. 3. s Duplicate and modify views. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 9. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 8. 5. s Create dimensions and text. s Create a project template. 2. 4. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create labels. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style.

and so forth.aia. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Visit the AIA website at www. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. based on the AIA standards. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.org. and the settings that are preset within them. Explain why templates are used. linetypes. should be used. Engineering. colors.aias. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. linetypes. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.Standards and Building Codes . colors. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. defining the layers.org. Visit the AIAS website at www.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology.

A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. it must have at least one door. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. otherwise it is considered a carport.Standards and Building Codes . a bathroom. and so on. one window. windows. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. like mechanical drawing. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. and so on. doors. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and one closet. A garage must be completely enclosed. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. For example. it cannot be called a bedroom. the number being its numerical value. If it lacks any of these components. defined and adopted by convention.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. a garage. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If there is a fire. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. A unit is a particular physical quantity.

and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. using imperial units. unit symbol m. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. the construction industry still uses the English. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. glass.For example. is 169 m. in the United States. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.. Here h is the physical quantity. units are applied to dimensions. also known as the International System of Units. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. However. is 555 ft. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. or imperial. In architectural drafting. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. its value is expressed in the unit meter. and other materials.. Another method is to apply dual notation. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. unit symbol ft. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . such as room size and wall height.

sheets.Scales are ratios.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.) 8. line weight and pattern. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. one value representing another value. Each size is designated by a letter. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and viewports. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. In Revit Architecture. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. every 1/8" would represent 1'.Standards and Building Codes . This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing.01. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. site plan. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). You create and position views.a modified version of the AIA standard. temporary Schedules Sections. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). elevators. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. symbols. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. and then add a title block or other symbols. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. notes Demolition. The integers go from 0 to 9. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.

Templates are usually preset with drawing units. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. so that the height is less than the width. followed by information on the building's owner. annotation plot sizes. Typically. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the author of the drawing. and so on. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the electrician. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project.Standards and Building Codes . The next space is for tracking revisions. drawing scales. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For example. the HVAC company. and other relevant information. that is. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Usually. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. fonts. The paper is oriented landscape. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. the date drawn. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. and layer standards. The column is divided into sections. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template.

The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. dimension and text styles. layer settings. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . title blocks.

views. windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and walls. Engineering. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Standards and Building Codes . You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. and Language Arts. Technology. dimension styles. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. These can be used to build your model. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Math (STEM).

Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

Condominiums. you create a new project file using a template. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and town houses usually use commercial building templates. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. apartments. In Revit. factory. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 3. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. On the application menu. In the New Project dialog box. click New > Project. Open Revit to an empty project file. click Browse. 2. or store.Standards and Building Codes . Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. you use templates as starting points. Select a Template 1.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.

Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 5. On the application menu. Select the Residential-Default.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. saving set up time. Settings s 103 . You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click Open. In this exercise.4. Click OK. you started a new project file using a standard template. 6. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. click Close to close this project without saving.

The file opens to a 3D view. In this exercise. 2. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click to start a new wall. open ADA__Settings. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. expand Floor Plans under Views. 3. The Wall tool remains active. s Place the cursor over the left wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.rvt. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Pull the cursor to the right. Press ESC to cancel the wall.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates.Standards and Building Codes . In the Project Browser. click Wall. Build panel. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. the drawing setup options are preset. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. In the courseware datasets folder.

Close the file without saving. Press ESC to cancel the wall. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Settings s 105 . Place the cursor over the left wall. click to start a new wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Click Format for Length. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.) 6. In this exercise. and move the cursor right. 7. 5.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 8.4.

rvt. 2. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. In the Type Properties dialog box. dimensions not only display. On the Properties palette. click Aligned. Temporary dimensions display when you select. create. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or insert components. For Name. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. there are two types of dimensions. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Dimension panel. but also control the size and location of objects. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.Standards and Building Codes . 4. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK. 1. temporary and permanent. click Duplicate. Open ADA_Dimensions. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. By default. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. click Edit Type. 3. On the Annotate tab. enter Big Text.

Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 6. 7. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Drag the dimension to the left of the view. left. Select the top. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.5. Click to place. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Click OK twice. and bottom horizontal walls. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot.

and far right vertical walls. 9. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Dimension tool stays active. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. created a new dimension style.Standards and Building Codes . Click to place the dimension. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Close the file without saving. s s s Select the far left. upper.8. you opened an existing file. In this exercise. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.

Settings s 109 . There are no annotations visible. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. These are annotations. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. and the view window displays the new plan. Notice the door and window tags. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In the datasets folder. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In order to do this. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Right-click.rvt. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. 2.

9. Click OK. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. On the Manage tab. 7. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Model Categories tab. 1. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK to update the display of this view. 6. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Settings panel.4. Double-click to open it. In the Project Browser. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Project Browser.Standards and Building Codes . Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. click Project Information. 5. Click Rename. 8. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off.

Add a Sheet 1. 2. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.) 3. Click New Sheet. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. Enter the address as shown. Settings s 111 . The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. 2. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Rightclick. 3. In the Value column of Project Address. click Edit. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click OK.

To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Click Apply.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5.Standards and Building Codes . Add a View to the Sheet 1. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.4. Next. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Notice the change to the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. In the Identity Data and Other sections.

Select the new viewport. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Right-click in the view. Right-click. Click Activate View. 4. 3. 2. Settings s 113 . Select Add View to Sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Deactivate View.

of the sheet. deselect it. The Scale updates in the title block. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . 6. Finish the move. s Added a sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. Close the file without saving. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. The view updates on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Place the cursor 7.5. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. you: select it. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.

5. Start Revit Architecture.5 title block template opens. click New > Titleblock. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Settings s 115 . 2. Select A-11x8. 3. It opens to the Recent Files window. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).rft. On the application menu. 4. This is one of the longer exercises. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. A copy of the 11 x 8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Click Open.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Your teacher may specify another location.9. 12. s Click Add. you created a title block using a template file. Add a label for Checked By. Accept the Sample Value. 15. Right-click. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. On the Quick Access toolbar. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name.Standards and Building Codes . Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. 11. s Accept the Sample Value. click Save to save the title block. 13. 10. In this exercise. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save the title block as A . Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Sheet Number. select Drawn By. click Close. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu.rfa. Accept the Sample Value. 14.Landscape.

This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 4. 3. Locate your title block.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. you create a new project file. 5. and then load a custom title block into your project. In the Recent Files window. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Highlight the title block and click OK. The title block appears in the graphics window. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Insert a Title Block 1. click New to create a new project using the default template. Settings s 125 . 2. On the View tab. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Open.

enter your instructor's name. s For Checked By. 2. enter your name. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet.Standards and Building Codes . 5. 3. you a created a new project file. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. On the Properties palette. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK. 6. Click OK. On the Manage tab. click Project Information. 4.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. enter Student Project Unit 3. Select the title block. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. s For Drawn By. Settings panel.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.

a dimension style. 2. settings. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. and slope angle. 1. click New > Project. and the units for your custom template. and then load them like families. select Project Template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. you define the title block. you create a new project file. On the Insert tab. In this exercise. s Families: Load in families you use most often.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. including how the rendered image looks. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. On the application menu. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. such as 3D and plan views. Create a Template In this exercise. In the New Project dialog box. and geometry from the template. 3. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. angles. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . in addition to predefined wall types. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Click OK. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length.

For Name. 10. Click the Length field in the Format column. 6. 7.rfa. Next. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter 3/16" Verdana. You create a custom dimension style. 8. create a Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes . There will be no visible change. On the Manage tab. Open the title block A . click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types.4. Set the units for the template. 9. click Settings panel > Project Units. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". On the Annotate tab. Click OK.Landscape. Click OK twice. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. 5.

enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 14. In the Project Browser. Rightclick. Settings s 129 . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.11. Click OK. Click OK. 15. select Sheets (All).Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. On the Properties palette. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click New Sheet. Select the A . 12.

and units that you defined. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.rte. You can use this template for future projects. Save your project template in your class project folder. 17. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. The title block updates. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . Save the file name as A-English template.16. title block. Click OK. you created a new template file using a dimension style. as well as dimension style and units. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed.

02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . NCSESA 2. AIA b. False 3. A particular physical quantity.02 d.02 b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. A. s Create labels. s Create a dimension style. a. An architect b.Standards and Building Codes . UBC c. s Create a text style. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 1:3 b. and symbols used in drawing? a.05 c. s Create a title block. P. is defined as what? a. s Create text. NCTM d. Using AIA Standards. a. A. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. 1:12 c. s Change lineweight. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. Metric d. English c. S. s Create a template. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A unit 4. 1:24 d. 1:32 5. a. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. General Questions 1. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. dimension styles. s Create dimensions. s Change dimension colors.

To create a new sheet. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Wall midpoints d. In Revit Architecture. False 4. dimensions snap to: a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. a. By default. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. True b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Application menu > New > Sheet b. you use: a. Point offsets 3. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. To set the units in a project. Wall centerlines c. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Wall faces b. False 6. Application menu > Properties b. To change the scale of a view. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you click: a.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Trim and extend walls. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Align walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 2. s Define a wall structure. 5.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 .

them.Walls . They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. separate. or filling in between.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. After completing this lesson. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. and protect its interior spaces. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . their construction and materials. List the different types of occupancy.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. indicating wall length. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. It will not print. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Click to set the endpoint. Enter 10.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. After you create the wall. To modify a dimension.3.Brick on Mtl. 4. click it to open an edit field. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Stud. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. an angular dimension displays. As you continue to move the cursor. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. the dimension updates incrementally. Walls s 151 . Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. 5. Clear the Chain option. Select the Single Line option. a dashed line displays.

Select panel. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. On the Modify | Walls tab. 7. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. On the View Control Bar. the controls may sit on top of one another. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click to start the next wall. 8. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The wall does not show any internal detail. Click the wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top.Walls . Press ENTER. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation.6. Create panel. click the Detail Level icon. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Depending on your zoom in the view. Set the Detail Level to Medium. click Create Similar. enter 7. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. click Modify to stop placing walls. After setting the vertical wall's direction.

You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Because you drew this last wall from down to up.9. 10. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Select the right vertical wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click Modify. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. release the mouse button to set a new length. notice how the wall joins at the corner. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. an alignment line displays. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Walls s 153 . Notice that two dimensions display. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. no matter where you move the cursor. Also.

Click Cancel. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Build panel. Sketch the walls as shown. On the Home tab. When using the Chain option. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 15. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.11. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 16. click Wall. 13. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the lower vertical wall. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.Walls . This is the same as clicking Modify. Right-click. 14. Repeat. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 12.

18. In this exercise. 19. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 17. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Clear the Chain option. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit. 20.rvt. Click Create Similar again. After clicking the second end. Walls s 155 . Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Save the project as Unit4_walls.

you first split the walls at the intersections. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Do the same for the vertical wall. This exercise illustrates how to split. Only part of the wall highlights. Split Walls 1. 4. To do this. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. showing that there are now two separate wall sections.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Click Modify. 2. You now remove the upper right corner. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.Walls . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. The cursor changes to a razor blade.rvt from the previous exercise. trim. and extend walls. Both split walls are shown below. fillet. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. align.

Enter 5'. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Click Fillet Arc. Walls s 157 . 2. This is how you create rounded wall corners.Fillet Walls 1. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 4. On the Options Bar. 3. Select any wall. click Create Similar. Create panel. select Radius. On the Modify | Wall tab. click Delete. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. On the Modify | Walls tab. You can also click the flip control. Modify panel. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 5. If you make a mistake.

To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Place an interior wall as shown.Walls . 1. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 2. 3. You align the wall in the next steps.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. The Wall tool is still active. select Basic Wall: Interior . 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.

To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . You can lock the alignment. You can select other parts of walls for alignment.4. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. The length is not critical. s On the Options Bar. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. such as location lines. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Pull the cursor straight up. Click to create a wall. clear Chain.

s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the horizontal wall as shown. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 5. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. The walls can cross. This will extend to the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the two interior walls in turn. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The length is not critical. 2. 4. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 3.Walls . 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This will be the border. 6.

you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. Walls s 161 . In this exercise.7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet. align. and trim.

In the Project Browser. 1. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The Modify tool is active by default. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. and vary in cost. On the Properties palette. 3. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. Select the Exterior wall as shown.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. click Edit Type.Walls . satisfy different requirements. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 2.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design.

enter 8" Insulated Stud. Click Insert twice. For Name. s Click the arrow at the right. Every layer of a wall. the wall structure should be as shown. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Walls s 163 . s Select Finish 1 [4]. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. has a Function you can edit. click Edit in the Structure value field. 6. 7. s Click the number of Layer 3. To edit the structure of the wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. except Core Boundary. When you are finished. Click OK. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 5. 8. s Click Up. s Click Down twice.4. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Add two additional layers to the wall.

EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Material to Finishes . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. 11. Material. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Exterior . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 13. 10. 12. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s Set the Material to Wood .Stud Layer.9. s Click the icon that appears at the right. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Modify the Function. which displays plan or section views. select Finishes .Interior Gypsum Wall Board.

Walls s 165 . select the view name as shown to expose its properties. select Medium. 15. From the Detail level list. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 17. expand the Families branch. Click Apply to update the view.14. 16. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser.

18. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . defined a new wall structure. From the Type Selector list. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. In this exercise. You opened an existing file. Right-click 8" Exterior. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.Walls . 20. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 19. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Close the file without saving. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.

3. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. You can define a wall type with these elements. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The model opens in a 3D view. for example. 2. wood rails. Stud walls as shown. and a decorated interior surface. a structural mid-section. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.rvt. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. In this exercise. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Select one of the Exterior .Brick on Mtl.

1.Walls . The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. either horizontally or vertically. To define the structure of the wall. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. When you split a layer. You can assign different materials to regions. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. click Edit. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To split a layer or region horizontally. 6. or you will lose your changes. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Split Region. Wall structures are Type Properties. 7.4. In this exercise. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 5. highlight one of the borders. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. so all instances of this type change. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. the new regions assume the same material as the original. in the Structure value field. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 8. You can split regions into other regions. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. To split a layer or region vertically. 2. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You can set the sample height to any value. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You change the type. If not already expanded. As indicated in the dialog box title. into regions.

Walls s 169 .Brick layer. 2. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. assign Layer 1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to merge the two layers. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 4. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. In this case. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. When you merge regions. Click Merge Regions. 1. Click to split the region into two parts. Prehighlight a border between regions. After merge. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 3. Click to merge them. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.3. The upper split disappears. since both regions are composed of the same layer.

To create a new wall layer. Next. you assign the material Masonry Brick . You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Click again to return to the original position. The dimension text turns blue. 4. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one.Walls . You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Click Insert.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. to the next parallel line. Press ENTER.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 1. 2. 2. 3. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Change the value to 12. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Click the temporary dimension text. instead of down. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. After a region is split. 1. s Select the split line. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. indicating that it is modifiable. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". If you set the split offset down from the top. 3. click Modify. In the Edit dialog box. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure.

Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected.Brick Soldier Course layer. Split Region. Modify. 5. 6. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. All walls of this type have been changed. 9. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 8. because it is now the selected layer. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 7. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. and Insert Layer tools. It also shows a thickness value. When a layer is selected in the table.4. Change the Material to Masonry . as shown. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click OK. In this exercise. The column widths in the table can be adjusted.Brick Soldier Course. Click Assign Layers. It immediately highlights in blue. Walls s 171 . The preview changes appearance. Close the file without saving. Click OK. 10. Merge Region.

Walls . installed. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and insulation. piping. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. earth. ducting. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and protected. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. the ventilation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Custom types and sizes can also be built. and the amount of space you have inside your building. the view. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. but also the natural lighting. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

About Doors and Windows s 185 . but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values.

and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. the width can be no less than 20". must be provided by the window being used as an egress. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . ft. if there is no other escape route.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. The height can be no less than 24". An unobstructed opening of 5.7 sq.

how to load additional door and window families. In this unit. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. and math standards. and how to position. engineering. s Center a door in a wall. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Engineering. s Copy windows. windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and copy these elements. This lesson relates to science. Doors and Windows s 187 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you learn how to place doors and windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and furniture are defined in family files. move. technology. Components such as doors.

or 3D view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. elevation view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Add Doors 1. 3. 2. On the Home tab. Build panel.Doors and Windows . click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Once a door is placed. This can be done in a plan view. To reverse the swing. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. To flip the door. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. the door swing would be to the left side.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. click Door.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. In other words. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. When placing doors in a plan view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design.

except for the Type Selector. on the Modify | Place Door tab. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.rfa. Click Open. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.Load Families 1. 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. With the Door command active. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". In order to keep file size small. From the Type Selector list. and windows into project files. Select the door Double-Panel 2. click Load Family. The display does not change. Doors and Windows s 189 . Mode panel. 3. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. walls. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.

use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.Doors and Windows . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. 5. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . From the Type Selector. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Remember. Do not add the dimensions. To Doors and Windows s 191 .6. or by using the swing control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. simply click it and enter the correct value. change a temporary dimension. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. Place instances of single doors as shown.

7. Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt.

You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. elevation view. From the Type Selector. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. To face the outside of the window to the other side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Build panel.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Open Unit5_doors. click Modify and select the window. or 3D view. the outside of the window is to the left side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. approach the wall from the right side. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. click Window. You can place windows in a plan view. When placing windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Add Windows 1. On the Home tab. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. To reverse the window after performing another operation. 2.

You do not need to add dimensions. placed doors. Place seven more windows as shown. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. In this exercise. loaded a door family. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.rvt. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Window tags do not number in sequence. you opened an existing project.Doors and Windows .3. and placed windows. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5. 4.

constrain it to be centered in a wall. s Align and modify walls. Dimension panel. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 3. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. and modify the wall. click Aligned.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. 1. On the Annotate tab. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 4. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.rvt. and so on. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. 2. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. place a door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . Do not be overly concerned where you place it. you open an existing project file.

The walls are now aligned. The door changes location. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the lock icon to enable it. This means that if one wall shifts. the other wall will remain aligned. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click it and it changes as shown. 2. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the upper wall first.s s s s Click the left wall. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.Doors and Windows . Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 6. Align Walls 1. Click the center of the door. Notice the symbol. Click the right wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 5.

The walls shift and remain aligned. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 3.) The dimension value is now shown. 5. Clear the EQ Display value. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Right-click. Change the dimension to 16. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool.4. Doors and Windows s 197 . Dimensions display below it. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.

Right-click. you placed a continuous dimension.Doors and Windows . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.6. In this exercise. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 7. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.

Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. In this exercise. especially if there are many different types. 2. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. On the Modify | Windows tab. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. click Create Similar.rvt. Create panel. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Doors and Windows s 199 . 1. 4.

On the Modify | Windows tab. click Copy. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the window you just placed. 3.Copy Windows 1.Doors and Windows . Modify panel. 4. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window will change appearance. The window is copied. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2.

rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6. Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.Doors and Windows . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. flat glass is a recent invention. The stability of glass in response to wind. heat.

30" c. s Position a door or window. 34" 4. Standard b. 28" b. a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 32" b. True b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. False 2. General Questions 1. 32" d. s Align a door or window. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . you learned to: s Place doors. s Place a window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Copy a door or window. 40" d. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 36" c. If a room is used for sleeping. Custom 3. a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building.

Click Flip Direction. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Properties 3. Duplicate d. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Click the appropriate blue arrows. 6. d. a. a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Door and window tags are placed automatically. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . c. To center a door or window in a wall. Use door grips to reposition. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Insert d. Load c. False 2. b. Click Door Properties. Load from Library b. you use: a. Copy 8. Select the door. To change the swing direction of a door: a.Doors and Windows . Link c. True b. To change the location of a door or window. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Select the door. Click Door Properties. you: a. a. a. you use ________. True b. 4.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select the door. True b. False 5. Right-click. A reference plane b. a. c. b. Offset c. Clone b. The center snap 7. d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. 3. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. Review stairs and railings. 2.

List the different stair types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. stair and railing types. After completing this lesson. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.

Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. and math standards. Technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. engineering. This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Then.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

This saves space when changing direction. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Due to building code. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.

Stairs and Railings .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

s Add a railing. Engineering. s Create U-shaped stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. Math (STEM). or tread. L-shaped runs with a landing. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. ramps. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings.Stairs and Railings . Technology. In multistory buildings. which includes elevators. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. and spiral stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. U-shaped stairs. and Language Arts. You can define straight runs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. The riser and run values update accordingly. s Modify stairs. This lesson relates to technology. and stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. engineering. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. For safety reasons. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. As you move the cursor. of certain horizontal depth or run. you will be able to: s Create stairs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. or vertical circulation. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise).

The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. From the courseware datasets folder. 3. Before you create the stairs. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Stairs and Railings s 217 . On the Properties palette. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. you create stairs using a straight run. This file is in metric units. This enables you to place the stairs properly.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.rvt. Zoom in Region to the lobby.

In this case.4.Stairs and Railings . click Stairs. you create a straight run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. These tools are used to define your stairs. 5. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Home tab. Circulation panel. Click OK to close the dialog box. Run is preselected. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). You can define either a straight run or a circular run. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.

8. Select this intersection point to start your run. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.6. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. You can continue to move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Revit displays the number of risers you created. the run footprint stops expanding. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. To change the run dimension. As you move the cursor up. and then click to define the run of stairs. You can also enter a distance of 4400. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. 7. If you have not fully created the run. On the Mode panel. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. select Finish (green check). 9. 10.

you created and placed a straight run stair. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. To avoid overwriting the original file. 12. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.11. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . 13. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. and switched to a 3D view. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. click application menu > Save As > Project. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.

The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Edit panel. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress.rvt. The stair is not centered on the landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Activate view Floor Plans. Stairs and Railings s 221 . click Align.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. On the Modify tab. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Level 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.

222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . If you have a scroll mouse. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view. 5. On the Options Bar. The Align command remains active. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Take time to make the selections correctly.Stairs and Railings .4. from the Prefer list. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT.

click Edit Type. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. 7. Graphics. As you prehighlight them.6. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. On the Properties palette. s For Name. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . On the Properties palette. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. railings were created with the stairs. 9. and Dimensions subsections. Select the stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Hover the cursor over the railing. In the Project Browser. enter Lobby Stairs. expand Sections (Building Section). s Click OK. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. 8. Change Width to 1350. s Click Duplicate.

To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Select both railings.Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Cherry s s Click Modify.10. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .

You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. you change the shape of the stairs. Delete this line.12. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . s On the Modify | Stairs tab. In the Type Selector. 14. click Edit Sketch. 13. The railings change. Mode panel. s Select the stairs (not a railing). s Zoom in on the stairs. Click it to select it. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Next. The stair changes to the run sketch. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project.

s Select the arc boundary you just created. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Click Modify.Stairs and Railings . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 17. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 16. To place the second arc endpoint. s On the Modify panel. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.15. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 19. Click to place the arc. 18. On the Draw panel. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click the left end of the top riser. click Boundary.

click Riser. For the third point. This will define a rounded first step. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Next. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.21. The left boundary will be mirrored. Click to exit the Mirror command. the arc center point. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. Stairs and Railings s 227 . select the endpoint of the left boundary. On the Draw panel. 20. select the endpoint of the right boundary. First.

On the Mode panel. In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.rvt. you modified stair properties and boundaries. You also modified the properties of a railing. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 23.22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results. click Finish.

For simple railings. Zoom into the landing area as shown. Therefore. 2. The completed exercise To create a railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. This is typically done in plan view. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . In this case. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. you sketch the plan view path. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. 3. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools.rvt from the previous exercise. you need to define a path for the railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Select the right side railing. Click Modify. you add a railing to a second floor landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the Level 2 floor plan view.

enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. On the Draw panel. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Then. 5. Mode panel. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. To set the exact distance. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Edit Path. s s On the Options Bar. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. on the Modify | Railings tab. edit the temporary dimension. Once the railing is selected.4. click Line. select Chain. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 7. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. 6.Stairs and Railings . You do not need to add dimensions.

9.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 8.rvt. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete your lines and try again. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. you used sketch tools to create a railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. In this exercise. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default.

Work Plane panel. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. s On the Options Bar.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. set the Offset value to 850. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.rvt from the previous exercise. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. you create a reference plane. In this exercise. 2. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. s On the Home tab. In a floor plan view. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Create a Reference Plane 1.Stairs and Railings . Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.

Circulation panel. Click OK. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . 6. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. change the Width parameter to 900. click Stairs. Click Edit Type. enter Exit Stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Pull the cursor straight up. Matte 2. 3. To start sketching the run. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Properties palette. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Dark Gray. Click OK twice. On the Home tab. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. 5. For Name. 4. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw.

Move the pointer to the right. Press ENTER. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 9. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . enter 1925. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 8. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads).Stairs and Railings . with none remaining to be created.7.

To remove the lines. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You want to inspect your stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. it is because you have overlapping lines. click Finish Stairs. On the Stairs panel. Remove the additional lines. but they are hidden behind walls. If you get an error message. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Use Hide/Isolate 1. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. Stairs and Railings s 235 .10. you select Continue to return the sketch. On the View Control bar. Click Finish Stairs again. 2. 11. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. You temporarily hide the walls in the view.

change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . 4. In this exercise. Finally. you learned to create a reference plane.rvt. The exterior walls reappear. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 3. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The walls are now hidden. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. and to create a U-shaped stair. 5. Reset the Display 1. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. On the Properties palette. On the View Control Bar. Select the stairs so they highlight. 2.3. This is a multistory stair. Zoom in to see your stairs.

and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps.

smoke guards. and deliver riders without wait time. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. They cost less.Stairs and Railings . Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. but they can also be highly decorative. this openness makes them fire hazards. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Include landings as required by your local building code. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.

a. you learned to: s Create stairs. 90 degrees d. b. a. a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . True b. 25 degrees b. False 2. 30" b. s Create railings. 40" 4. A stairway must be at least how wide? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 32" c. General Questions 1. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. True b. 36" d. and all treads should be the same run. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 180 degrees 3. 45 degrees c. s Modify stair boundaries.

Circle 4. Manage d. a. Arc d. Treads. To create railings on stairs without railings. riser d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Run. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Boundary lines. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Modify c. risers 3. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. True b.Stairs and Railings . Insert 2. Attach Railing c. that is. Align Railing d. Railings. risers b. you use the _______ option. Pick New Host b. riser lines c. Rectangle c. Fasten Railing 5. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. a. risers and treads. You can apply materials to different stair components. True b. Home b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Line b. a. False 6. a.

s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 3. s Place fascia. (Student) 11. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 8. (Student) 5. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 9.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. s Place gutters. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Lesson Plan 1. Review of roof types.

A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and downspouts. gutters. It addresses roof construction. Identify the different roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. tiles. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. roof types. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and pitch of a sloped roof. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.Roofs . run. Calculate the rise. After completing this lesson. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs.

About Roofs s 243 . Math (STEM).Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Technology. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. technology. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. and Language Arts. s Rake: The inclined. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Engineering.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

the roofing pattern. rot. the roofing pattern. texture. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and low maintenance roofing material. maintenance. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. texture. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and sunlight. They come in several types. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and colors. and color. as well as how effective a shelter it is. snow. both low and steep. and color. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. and if visible. are designed for shedding water and snow. and if visible. resulting in at least one textured face. Sloped roofs. resistance to wind and fire. resistance to wind and fire. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. brands. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. fire-resistant.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. durability. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and sun. About Roofs s 245 . durability. These are used more often on upscale homes. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. maintenance. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. You can use them for many different applications. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price.

246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . consider such factors as cost. Unfortunately. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. odor. Therefore. This same roof on a clear. When choosing the insulation for your job. galvanized steel. durable. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. galvanized steel.Roofs . A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. choose a type that will suit your needs. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. treatment for insects. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). reinforced plastic.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. fiberglass. special characteristics (for example. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. zinc alloy. and require little maintenance. or corrugated structural glass. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. and insulating capability (R-value). They are fire-resistant. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. quality. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and so forth). s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains.

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Many barns use gambrel roofs. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.Roofs .

and span. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. run. but the two sides are not symmetrical. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. The run value is typically equal to 12.

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. try to specify standard roof pitch. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 and 12. 7 on 12. 7-12. 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.Roofs . and pitch is noted as a fraction. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.When designing a roof.

or eaves. you work with massing shapes and not building components. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. and fascia. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Create various roof types. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. snow. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or ice. s Assign roof structure and materials. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roofs s 255 . dormers. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. that convey rainwater to drains.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you can add gutters. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. water. To create a roof by the extrusion method. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. soffits. To create a roof by face. often supporting a gutter. s Create a roof fascia. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. or roof overhangs. s Place gutters. Once you create a roof. s Create a hip roof. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). Technology.Roofs . Engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. technology. engineering.

Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. select the Name option. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 3. you create an extruded roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Click OK to continue. Open ADA_Roofs.rvt. 4. In the Work Plane dialog box. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof..Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. To create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2.

select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Draw panel. select Section: Section 1. s Use the image below for guidance. The section view should display as shown. 3. click Ref Plane. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 6. Before sketching the roof's profile. 2. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. In the Go To View dialog box.5. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 4.Roofs . you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. click Line. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. On the Work Plane panel. Click Open View.

6. Roofs s 259 . To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using the image below for guidance. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click Modify. s Select the new dimension. s Click the EQ toggle. Using a positive offset value. 5. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.

The name displays when you select the reference plane. Click Modify. 7. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. 3. enter Horizontal. click Chain. for Name. On the Properties palette. 6. click Line. 2. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 5. Right-click. 4. Click OK. s On the Options Bar. On the Mode panel. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. you can label them. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool.Roofs . click Finish (green check). Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9. Switch to a 3D view.8. Roofs s 261 .12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

Select the edge of the roof as shown. 3. Using the images for guidance. 2. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 1. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. carefully select the far right roof edge. This is a two-step process.Roofs . Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. On the Modify tab. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Edit Geometry panel.

To select both walls together. Roofs s 263 . In the Project Browser.4. Select both walls. This will join the wall tops to the roof. However. click Attach: Top/ Base. select Attach Wall: Top. On the Options Bar. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. Trim Walls 1. 3. open the view Sections: Section 1. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Select the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. 2.

264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.4. 5. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. The roof now looks correct.rvt. Switch to a 3D view. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.Roofs . In this exercise.

prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. so you look straight down as in a plan. Because you are in a 3D view. On the Home tab. Unit7_first_roof. by Footprint. From the drop-down list. Click Yes. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 3. 1.rvt. select Garage Roof. In this exercise. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. 4. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. from existing walls. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties.

To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 6.Roofs . select the vertical wall on the left. clear the Defines slope option. click Pick Walls. If you place a line on the wrong side.0". click Defines Slope. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. Use the image below for guidance.5. s On Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 8. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. Next. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 7. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select the left slope defining line. The new roof displays. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. 2. Change this value to 6"/12". Click Modify. click Finish. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Other controls also display. Select the right side roof line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. To complete the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Click the 9"/12" text. click Yes. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 1. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Roofs s 267 . defining lines separately. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 3. change the value to 6"/12". It becomes an editable field. By default. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.Roofs .rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.4. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 5.

The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. The file opens to a 3D view. To chain-select all of the walls. 2. Roofs s 269 . The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click to select them. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On Home tab. On the Options Bar. Build panel. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. set the overhang to 1' 0". When all of the walls prehighlight.rvt. 3. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.

As an alternate. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 3. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. On the Options Bar. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Rectangle. 4. On the Draw panel. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Using the image for guidance.Roofs . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Zoom into the chimney area.Create a Roof Opening 1. Right-click. 2.

3. select Defines Slope. select the Defines Slope. Click Modify.Add Slope Lines 1. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. The slope indicator displays. As in the previous exercise. 2. 5. click Yes. Select the left lower horizontal line. Click Finish. 4. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. horizontal line. Select the uppermost. On the Options Bar. 6.

rvt. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.7.Roofs . In this exercise. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and chimney penetration. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8. attached walls.

Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. set Overhang to 2' . Roofs s 273 . Select Defines Slope. The completed exercise On the Home tab. 4.0". Build panel. Select the three walls shown in the image. 5. you create a hip roof. Zoom into the area shown. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Create the Roof 1. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Options Bar. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 3. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.rvt.

Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. To close the roof sketch.7. Raise the Roof 1.0". Click OK. 6. s s Clear Defines Slope. Right-click the ViewCube. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s On the Draw panel. In addition. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 2. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Line tool. 3.Roofs . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Switch to a 3D View. On the Properties palette. click Line. Click Finish to complete the roof.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt. In this exercise. and then joined it to a wall.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2.

Clear Defines Slope. click Pick Walls. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Roofs s 277 . Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 7. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Create a Shed Roof 1. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 6.rvt. 3. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. 5. 4. click Line. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Draw panel.

horizontal line at the front of the roof. 12.Roofs . Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 11. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Select the lower. On the Properties palette. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Right-click the line. 9.8. Click Modify. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 10.

rvt. click Yes. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 17. 15. In this exercise. 18. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Roofs s 279 . Switch to a 3D view. Finish the Roof.14. 16. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Click OK.

4. Select the Roof. 2. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof updates.Roofs . select Level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Activate the view North Elevation. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the menu bar. Open the Default 3D view.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 3. On the Properties palette. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. You see four levels defined in the model. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Cutoff Level list. 5.rvt.

rvt. 8. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. on the Properties palette. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Draw panel. 9. 10. 13. 12. click Pick Lines. Roofs s 281 . Zoom and spin to see your model. To set the slope for the new roof. 7. On the Home tab. Finish the Roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". On the Options Bar. 11. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.6. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D View. select Defines Slope.

The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . thereby reducing energy consumption. In the Type Selector. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. 2. The file should open to a 3D view. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 3.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Select the main roof over the house.rvt.Roofs .

Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. click Edit Type. click Duplicate. click Edit. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. Roofs s 283 . For Structure Value. Select Layer 2 as shown. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 4. 2. s Click OK. Click Insert to add a layer. enter Clay Tile.Define a Roof Structure 1. For Name. It is a generic roof type. 3. Select the roof over the garage.

Click OK twice.s s s In the Materials dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.rvt. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 6. 8. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. The garage roof displays a pattern. select Model. 7.Roofs . In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Click OK. In this exercise.

Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. Roofs s 285 . click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Click Open. On the Home tab.rvt. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. On the Insert tab. to support a gutter. 2. 3. In this exercise. In the Open dialog box. click Roof > Fascia.rfa. 4. or for decoration. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.

Click OK.Roofs . Matte.5. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. 6. Click Duplicate. click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. Set the Material value to Metal . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . For Name. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. for Profile. In the Type Properties dialog box.

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Roofs s 287 .8. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. 9. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.

so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 5.Roofs . Under Material parameter. 2. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. The completed exercise 4.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. under Profile parameter. Place Gutters In this exercise. s Click Duplicate. 6. select Metal Aluminum. The file should open to a 3D view. click Roof > Gutter. select Gutter . On the Home tab. 1. Click OK. For Name.Bevel: 5" x 5". To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.rvt. you add gutters to a building. click Edit Type. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Roofs s 289 .7. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. the gutter displays on the wrong side. In this exercise. 9. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 11. Segments will clean up at corners. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. If you click the interior face. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. you attached gutters to a roof. 8. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 10.

and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. heat. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.

what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .

When referring to roof slope. s Place gutters. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. False 2. Low b. True b. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Place fascia. Gable b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a. the run is always 12. Medium c. True b. Hip c. a.Roofs . High d. s Define a roof structure. Shed 4. None of the above 3.

To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Footprint b. TAB b. Defines Slope c. Footprint. Footprint. A compound roof contains layers. Cut/Lengthen c. Extrusion d. Sketch c. Change the direction of the roof. False Summary/Questions s 293 . a. True b. Face 3. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. profile 2. ENTER 4. DEL d. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Sketch. a. Walls d. a. Change the direction of the slope. b. True b. place a check mark next to: a. extrusion. Trim/Extend b. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. face b. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. lines c. To add a slope to a roofline. False 5. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Walls. profile. extrusion. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Create Slope d. Roofs can be created using ______. sketch. Activate Slope 9. a. False 7. you use: a. c. Footprint b. Material 8. pick d. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Expand/Contract 6. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. a. Create an opening. 10. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Slope c. Add Slope b. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. ______ or _______. a. d. Turn slopes on or off. SHIFT c.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Create filled regions.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create material annotations. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10.

Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Sections are used to examine the roof. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In a commercial structure.Sections and Elevations .About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. and tool racks. the kitchen. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. the location of special equipment. cabinetry. floor. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. In a residential building. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and special equipment. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. bathrooms. After completing this lesson.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Engineering. technology. Math (STEM).Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. engineering. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. This lesson relates to science.

as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. across its narrower dimension. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). framing. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and are properly cross-referenced. and foundation plans.Sections and Elevations . s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. on the long axis of the building. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. t Cross or transverse sections. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.

Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. full. unnecessary. and steel. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

such as doors and windows. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. For larger elevations.Sections and Elevations . s The position relationship between different elements. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

quantity. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. shadows. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. The size of the object is listed first. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. You may. people. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. however. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. the titles assigned (North." Mfr. cars. For siding. East. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. For a wood structure. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. this is reversed. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. With interior elevations. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. For example. South. Unnecessary Information Shades. or methods of installation. followed by any additional information about spacing. and so forth. and then the name of the material. Therefore. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. bushes.

Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. and special equipment such as toilets. chamfers. Molding is usually made of plaster. This is usually done using a topset. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". flush overlay. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. casements. or decorative patterns. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other.Sections and Elevations . and other appliances. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. coving. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. wood. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. It may have curves.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. or linoleum) and the wall. windows. Hinges are concealed. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. and types of finish materials used. and lip. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. shelf arrangements. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. This is more costly than regular overlay. other openings. Molding is normally decorative in nature. which is a formed pressboard. or MDF. and materials used. dishwashers. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. or a baseboard. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. doors and direction of door swings. doors. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. tile. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The trim is usually glued into place.

This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. and a section symbol on all plans. s Change the section head. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. you will be able to: s Create a new section view.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. which you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create an interior elevation. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates the section view in the model.

the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Technology. A section is a horizontal view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and Language Arts. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards.Sections and Elevations . engineering. This lesson relates to science. technology. Math (STEM). like an elevation. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Engineering. Once created.

To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. or other section view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. the section does not display in the elevation view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.Sections and Elevations . 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. By resizing the crop region. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. s Add structural details. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Once you create the detail section. So. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. such as anchor bolts and siding. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. which is spoken as 2 in 12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Details are crucial for effective construction. s Add detail notes. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. In a set of construction documents. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add breaklines as needed. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. In the example shown. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Slope is also referred to as pitch. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.

try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

2. The file opens to a 3D view. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". 3. Open the file ADA_Sections.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Create a Section View 1. The Section command is available from the View tab. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. click Section. Create panel.rvt. On the View tab. The completed exercise 6. In the Scale list on the Options Bar.

Section Properties 1. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. On the Properties palette.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. This is called the crop region. With the section line selected. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. and it has control grips to resize it. 3. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The actual location is not critical. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. 2.Sections and Elevations . Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane.

you automatically created a section view. 8. 6. 7. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. In this exercise.4. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The section view updates. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. When you drew the section line. 5. Clear Crop Region Visible. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. change Far Clip Offset to 10. In the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The view is listed in your Project Browser.rvt. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.

They include Section Head .Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 6. On the Insert tab. Select Section Head-Open. For Name. Section Head . click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 2.Filled. 7. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 4. Click Open to load the family. and Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. In the Type Properties dialog box. In this exercise. click Load Family. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.rfa. Click OK. 3. 5. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. enter Open Arrow. Load from Library panel. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Several section head families are available.1 point Filled. Settings panel. On the Manage tab.No Arrow. click Duplicate. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.rvt. The view does not change.

Select the section line. Click OK. 14. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 11. For Name. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.Open. For Section Head. 10. select Open Arrow. 12. Click Duplicate. In the Section Tag field. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit8_section_open. 9.8. select Section Head . The section head updates to the new head type. enter Open Arrow. 13. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. click Edit Type.rvt.

Sections and Elevations . On the View tab. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Create panel. 4. click Callout. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.rvt. select the border of the callout. To reposition the callout head. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 5. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 2. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. On the Options Bar. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 6. 3. This is a building section. Use the image below for guidance. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0".

click Region > Filled Region. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Trace over the lower left corner of the view.rvt. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 3. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill.7. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Annotate tab. 8. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. region patterns. You can add detail lines. as shown. Detail panel. On the Draw panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. but not strongly. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. select Chain. 4. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. detail components. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Properties palette. On the Options Bar. 2. Line is selected automatically. 1.

Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For Name.5. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. On the Properties palette. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. enter Earth. 6. 7. Select the upper and right side lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify.

From the Fill Pattern list.Section.rfa. the pattern becomes visible. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click Open. On the Place Detail Component tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. 2. On the Annotate tab. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Detail panel. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. click Load Family. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. select Finish (green check). the filled region may appear as solid fill. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. 3. On the Mode panel. 9. click Component > Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 319 . If you zoom in closer. 1. Click OK.8.

Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. In the Specify Types dialog box. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. From the Type Selector. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. 5.

Sections and Elevations s 321 . add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. 7. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.6. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Using the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance.

On the Properties palette. This component represents the subflooring. Place the component similarly to the image below. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 12. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Component > Detail Component.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. 10. Use the image below for guidance. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.9. Click Modify. select anchor bolt. Select the vertical plywood. set the Thickness to 3/4". 11. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

From the Type Selector. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Lap Siding. Click Modify. On the Options Bar.13. 14. Add another Detail Component. select Copy. Use the image below for guidance. select Multiple. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Sections and Elevations s 323 .

Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 2. select Wide Lines. On the Annotate tab. 16. Save the file. Start at the end of the siding. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.15. From the Line Style Selector. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Detail panel. Add Detail Lines 1. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Detail Line.Sections and Elevations .

The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out. 4. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.3. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Still using Wide Lines.

7. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. The wall display updates. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 8. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Select the wall so it highlights. On the Annotate tab. click Insulation. identified as Wall material 1. 10. Right-click. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 9. Next.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. select the Material field in row 3. Detail panel. Save the file.6. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click Edit in the Structure field. 2. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add Insulation 1.

Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. 3. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Detail panel. 1. select Break Line.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Your view should resemble the image shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. From the Type Selector. On the Annotate tab. click Component > Detail Component.

328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . detail lines. The view should resemble the image shown. You place another breakline. 5. 6. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). To complete the detail. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file.4. Place the breakline as shown. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 7. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. and detail components to it. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. The Detail Component tool is still active.

The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . weatherproofing. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The size of the object is listed first. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. or methods of installation. s Clear Annotation Crop.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. quantity.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). To add notes. 3. 2. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 1. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. With nothing selected in the view. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The border around the view will disappear.

Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. leader arrow as shown. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. On the Annotate tab. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 5. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Move the pointer up 11. 7. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Finally.4" WEATHERING. click Text. Text panel. As you pull your cursor to the right. 8. 10. insulation. On the Format panel. 12.4. R13. click Two Segments. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 6.Sections and Elevations . Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 9. From the Type list. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .

You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. as the second line of text. Sections and Elevations s 331 . O. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 17. Start the next text at the floorboard. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 15. Start the next text at the baseboard. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.C. 18. or wood treated with preservative against rot.. 19. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.13. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT.C. 20.C.TYPE X. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 16. is an acronym for On Center.C. CONT is short for Continuous. . Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 14.

Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click Zoom to Fit. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 22. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Note: CONC signifies concrete.Sections and Elevations . Click ENTER to start a second line. 23.. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .rvt. Click Modify. 21. In this exercise. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard.

click Load. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 6. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Highlight your title block. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click Open.rvt. 4.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click New Sheet. The new sheet becomes the current view. In the Project Browser. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. and locate the detail view on it. 5. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 3. you will want to add the views to a sheet. or elevation view. Right-click. 2. highlight Sheets. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Locate the A-Landscape. section. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In this exercise.

334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 9. In the Project Browser. Select a Level Line. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. close to the crop border.Sections and Elevations . Both Level ends will move together. Click the control at its left end. click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. select view Detail at Foundation.7. 8.

13. Click Rename. 12. For Name. you: s Created a new sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter S. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.rvt. For Number. In this exercise. Right-click. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Click Zoom to Fit.10. s Modified the label values in the title block. In the Project Browser. 11. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. highlight the new sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click OK.301.

It is defined by the green dotted line. 6. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). The elevation markers are now visible.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open ADA_Elevations. south. 2. Click OK. Select Elevations. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. s Add any necessary dimensions. 4. Right-click. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the Annotations tab. 2. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. four elevation views are included: north. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add slope indication for roof. s Add material notes.Sections and Elevations . When you create a project with a template. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. and west. s Set the display for building components as needed. east.

Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 3. clear Sections. On the View Control Bar. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Modelling tab. clear Planting. Next.2. On the Annotations tab. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 337 . 4. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 5. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line.

8. Select Sand. 12. 11. Click the button that displays to select a material. On the Properties palette. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 9. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. select Edit in the Structure field. In the Type Properties dialog box. you activated an elevation view. In this exercise. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.Sections and Elevations . Click Zoom to Fit. modified its display. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . It will be identified as Condo . 13.7. 10. In Surface Pattern. Select the wall.Exterior Stucco. Select the Material field for Layer 1.rvt. click Edit Type. and modified the wall display characteristics. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. click to open the list.

rvt. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 3. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Add a note for the foundation. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. or methods of installation. 2.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Add a note for the stone wall. The size of the object is listed first. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 5. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Sections and Elevations s 339 . quantity. 4. In the Type Selector. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.

you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the exterior stucco.Sections and Elevations .rvt.6. 7. In this exercise. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the brick wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 9.

On the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. select Triangle. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 2. On the Options Bar. click Spot Slope. 3. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. For Offset from Reference. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 1. Click to select the roof line. 5.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise.rvt. 6. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. enter 1/8". from the Slope Representation list. 4. Dimension panel. Click again to locate the slope indicator.

Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Click to locate the slope indicator. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 11. Dimension panel. 10. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to select the roof line. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.7. 9.

rvt. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and dimensions for clarity.12. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. 13. slope indicators. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. The west elevation now contains material notes. In this exercise. leaders. Arrange notes. and vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels. 14.

Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Click Open View. and cabinetry. dimensions. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. In the Project Browser. This view was already defined in the drawing. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. 3. Click Find Referring Views. 2. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. Highlight the view. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. special closets. Right-click.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. kitchens. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. equipment rooms.

In the Name box. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Dimension panel. Sections and Elevations s 345 . 5. Click the value field for Units Format 8. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Right-click. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 6. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. On the Annotate tab.4. 7. Clear Use Project Settings. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. s s s s Click Duplicate. click OK. click Aligned.

In this exercise. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.9.rvt. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 10. detail the interior section. Using the Text and Dimension tools.

c. False 3. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. such as north. True b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Not in Concrete b. a. Either one. Show the relationships between elements. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create material annotations. is always the true orientation. Not in Contract c. 4. b. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create a section view. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Create filled regions. Cabinetry d. c. Nobody in Charge d. All of the above. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. d. General Questions 1. All of the above 5. Walls c. 2. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. b. The direction the structure is facing. it depends. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.

The height of the view. c. a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. b. click Sheet Composition > View. b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Sun and Shadow b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. West c. False 2. d. True b. 4. The boundaries of the view. Which elevation is it? a. South d. The Visual Style of the view. The detail level of the view. Element properties c. Click Add View. False 5. b and c. On the View tab. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. d. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . North 3. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. East b. True b. Right-click. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. you use: a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. c. a. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. but not a 6.Sections and Elevations . The dotted line indicates: a. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a.

Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . s Export a schedule. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. Review Schedules. 4. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags.

you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .

and thickness. This lesson relates to science.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Engineering. engineering. width. technology. height. About Schedules s 351 . and Language Arts. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. Some of these building objects include. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). about the building objects in your architectural plan. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. However.Schedules . While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. There are different types of schedule tables. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the same primary information is included. Instance. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. depending on the style of the architectural firm. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .

354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Other letters are P for plumbing. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. The following image shows door. hexagon. Using the software. window. However. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. E for electrical. Like schedules. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.Schedules .Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and A for appliances. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. A circle.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedules s 355 . and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. rooms. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedules list items such as doors. s Add room tags. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. equipment. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. materials. hardware. s Export a schedule. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Project templates include preset schedules. engineering. s Create a room schedule. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and you can create your own schedules. Technology. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. technology. and math standards. Math (STEM).

You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.rvt. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . 2. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.

7. 4. Type Mark. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Select Windows from the list. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. and Width. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 3. In Available Fields. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Height. On the View tab. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Click Add.s Window Tag 5. Add Count. 6. select Comments. Schedules s 357 . Level.

Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Select the fields.Schedules . from left to right. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 9.8. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Click OK to finish the schedule.

but without any useful calculations yet. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 1. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Schedules s 359 . 3. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 2. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Select Blank Line. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark.

select Level. 3. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Rather than make a manual calculation. 2. 1. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.Schedules . click Edit. in this case). In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. clear Itemize Every Instance. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. for Sorting/ Grouping. 4. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click the schedule name. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Notice how the schedule has changed. in the Then By sorting field. you can have the schedule report this.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately.

Schedules s 361 . Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.5. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. The totals for each window type now display. From the list. 6. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. and Totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. select Footer. Count.rvt. for Sorting/ Grouping. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. select Title. click Edit 7. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Set the schedule to display category totals.

Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. based on the amount of space in each room. ceiling type. 2. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Room size.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. 3. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. On the Home tab. Locate the file named Room Tag. click Room > Room. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 4. floor type. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 5. In this exercise. occupancy. Room & Area panel. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Click Open. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways.Schedules .

Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Room & Area panel. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. click Room > Room Separation Line. 8. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. Schedules s 363 .In the Type Selector. On the Home tab. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Click Modify to terminate the placement. and in the hall as shown. a total of 7. 6. 7.

An edit box activates. The room tag updates. Place a room tag below the room separation line. On the Room & Area panel. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights.Schedules . 10. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 11. Select Room #2. s Change the word Room to Manager. 12. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 13.9. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Click the Room text. Click Modify.

s Tagged various objects. 15. Schedules s 365 . Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. s Added a room separation.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. you: s Loaded a room tag. for Name. On the Properties palette. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.14.

rvt. Create panel. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Set the Sort By value to Number.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Name.Schedules . Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. For Name. Click OK. Click Add--> after each selection. 3. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. and Area to be included in your schedule. On the View tab. enter Square Footage Report. select Number. Create a Room Schedule 1. 4. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. In the Available Fields pane. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The completed exercise 5. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 6. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 2. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order.

Click OK. s Select Calculate Totals. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 8. s Set Alignment to Right. 10. In the Format dialog box. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Units to Square Feet. Highlight the Number field. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Area field. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Change the Heading to No. clear Use Project Settings. Select Grand Totals. Select Title and Totals from the list. 9.7. Schedules s 367 .

368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. you: s Created a room schedule. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.11.rvt. 12. In this exercise. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules .

The file is created. 5. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Double-click it to open it. Click Save. You can then use this file in other applications.rvt. locate the file you created. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Browse to a directory to save your report.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 3. 6. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 4. Schedules s 369 . you export the room schedule to a text file. Using your Windows Explorer. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 2. On the application menu. Note the formatting that has been applied. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Click OK.txt) file.

Schedules . The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. 8.7. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file.

you learned to: s Create a schedule. None of the above. s Load a schedule tag. What is a schedule table? a. Quantity c. b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. False 4. True b. s Reformat a schedule. a. Instance 3. Matrix d. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Type b. c. s Place a schedule tag. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. 2. A list of information that defines specific building objects.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. a. Questions 1. True b. A list of sheets used in a project. d. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.

Annotate tab b.Schedules . Home d. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Manage tab 3. XLS c. TXT b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To export a schedule. Modify 2. a. use the ____ . View c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. View tab c. Annotate b. CSV d. a. Application menu d. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.

(Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 2. 5. 3. Review Visualization.

s Create a raytrace rendering. and Language Arts. After completing this lesson. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a DWG file. s Assign materials. Technology. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Finally. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. or camera on a path. s Orient walls and windows. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Visualization . s Create and edit a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Play a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. s Add planting components. s Export a walkthrough.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Apply shading to a view. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Export an FBX file. s Place a camera.

It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. To prepare your model for rendering. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Open Unit2_custom_family. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on animations. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. s s 2. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Assign materials. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows.rvt. courseware datasets. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. s Make a camera view the active view. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.

All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Right-click. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 6. 4. Select one of the exterior walls. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select any exterior wall. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 5. If you do not see any change in the wall display. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. The walls now display layers of materials. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside.Visualization . The wall display updates.3. Stud. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.

Select the toposurface object. Visualization s 377 . Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. 8. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. In addition to using the control arrows. On the Properties palette. select the icon at the right of the Materials field.7. Repeat the process for the windows. 10. Select walls. Click Change wall's orientation. Right-click. Open the Default 3D view. Click OK. Select Site: Grass. you can: s s s 9.

click Export > FBX.Visualization .FBX). This will filter the file list. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated.11. On the application menu. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. 3. you have completed this exercise. Note the file location. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Open 3ds Max Design.rvt. 12. select Autodesk (*. 2. Select the Roof. Depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Select the file name. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Import > Import. On the application menu. Export the Model to FBX 1. for Files of type. Click OK in any notices and warnings. and click Open.

Close the file without saving. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. open Unit10_Export.rvt. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. There is no way to update it from Revit. 3. Note the file location. If necessary.4. click Next. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. you have completed this exercise. On the application menu. Visualization s 379 . Export the Model to DWG 1. Open or return to Revit. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 2. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.

Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Select the file name. click File. Close the File Link Manager. 8. 9. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.Visualization .4. Open 3ds Max Design. 5.rvt. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. If necessary. Open or return to Revit. Click Open. 6. Select two windows as shown. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 7. click References > File Link Manager. click Attach This File.max. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. open Unit10_Export. In the File Link Manager . 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

13. In the dialog box. On the application menu.10. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. Open the 3D view. The windows have updated. 12. 11. Visualization s 381 . Save the export file using the same name as before.

s Click Reload.Visualization . Open the Files tab. In this exercise. s Oriented walls and windows. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Changed a material definition. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Close the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed. The linked file updates. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.14. 15. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open the File Link Manager.

change materials. Open Unit10_Export. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. In this exercise. click Camera. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. Place a Camera 1. as shown.rvt. Open the Site view. If you place the camera too close to the model. Create panel. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. 3. Visualization s 383 .Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model. generate a rendering. and create a second rendering. On the View tab. you place a camera in a model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.

Click Show Camera. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. The camera will be visible. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Right-click. s s s s Open a floor plan view.4. 6. 7. select Very Few Clouds. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. click Show Rendering Dialog. If necessary. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. The camera perspective view opens.Visualization . 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Return to the perspective view. Open the Site view again. Render Setup 1. On the View Control Bar. 5. 2. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.

s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open the Site view. Model Site panel. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. and Lighting. Open view 3D View 1. click Site Component. Accept the default settings for Quality. 2. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. s Click Render. 3. Enhance the Model 1. Visualization s 385 . Click Render. Output Settings.30' approximately as shown. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .3. On the Massing & Site tab. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.

In the Rendering dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click Edit Type. 5. Select an exterior wall. select Roofing . 4. 6. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Layer 1 Material field. Change Materials 1. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Save to Project. In the Materials list. On the Properties palette.Visualization . On the Properties palette. The model displays in the view. click Edit Type.4. click Show the Model. 3. Select the roof. 5. click OK. and you can now select elements for editing. 2.Wood Shake. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Save to Project dialog box.

10. 8. Click the Render Appearance tab. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. Visualization s 387 . Select the icon next to Masonry . Click Replace.

The new image is placed in its own view. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. In this exercise. Click OK. 13. 14. s Edited materials in model components. s Placed site planting components in the model. click Render.Visualization . 16. Save the file as Unit10_render. These images are now available as options to present to a client. In the Rendering dialog box. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .11. 12. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 15. Select Masonry .rvt. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Created a raytrace setup.

rendered. 4. 2. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Open floor plan view Level 1.rvt. s Right-click. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Open Unit10_render. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Create panel. or frame. s Edit the camera and path. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. 3. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. along the path can be viewed in different modes. s View the animation in a media player. Click Zoom to Fit. s On the View tab. and exported individually.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s Right-click again. The cursor changes to a crosshair. in a project model. In this exercise. Visualization s 389 . To place a key frame. or walkthroughs. Each view. The camera and path can be edited. Click Zoom Out (2x). The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. click to the left of the model as shown.

On the Modify | Cameras tab. Walkthrough panel. The Options Bar changes. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Drag it to the left. The camera is located on the final key frame. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 6.Visualization . Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 10. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab.5. Repeat for all the key frames. 11. click Edit Walkthrough. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Select the direction control for the camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. 8. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7. click Finish Walkthrough. 9.

3. Check the view in several key frames. On the Walkthrough panel. 2. If camera positions distort. Drag the path away from the model as shown. 13. Click Open. click Next Key Frame. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Edit Walkthrough.12. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Visualization s 391 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. select Path. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. From the Controls list.

3.rvt. Click Play. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. On the application menu. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Revit generates the external AVI file. In the Length/Format dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Click Save. click OK. Click OK. 2. notice where you save the file. File Name. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The walkthrough plays in the view window. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame.Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Video Compression dialog box. 2. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. 4.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1.

You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Visualization s 393 . 6. It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. Plan your class time accordingly. Double-click the new file name. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering.

Visualization . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. In this exercise.7. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the animation file in a media player. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Apply shading to a view. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Split b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Demolish 2. s Export an FBX file. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. True b. s Place a camera. you use: a. s Add planting components. Print to File b. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. Questions 1. Align c. Flip Orientation d. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. Export > FBX 3. s Assign materials. you use: a. Save As > FBX c. True b. View > Shading d. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. False 2. a. a. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. True b. s Play a walkthrough. a.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . In the following exercises. beam systems. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. beams and braces. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 5. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. foundations. Lesson Plan 1.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. beams. and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. Review structural columns.

beams. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and other structural elements will be located in a building. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. walls.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects.Structural . Knowing where structural members. especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.

After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Structural s 401 .Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place columns and beams on grids. Place beam systems and braces. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Engineering. Create column grids. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

2. In residential construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets.Structural . or reinforced concrete. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. 1. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. In this exercise. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . spans without walls. On the Build panel of the Home tab.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. or concrete. Structural columns can be steel. 3. click Column > Structural Column. Beams connect columns or walls. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. They come in types defined by size and shape. On the View Control Bar. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. Open Deck Framing. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. wood. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Select a floor.Hide Category. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. often mainly glass. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. As with columns. wood. beams can be steel. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. this is known as post and beam construction. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.

The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". click Depth. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 5. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Structural s 403 . and 4B. On the Options Bar. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A.4. On the View Control Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 8. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 7. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 3A. In the Type Selector. 6.

Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click Hide In View > Element. In the Project Browser. Click OK. and columns clearly. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". The columns are now hidden by the floors. Place Beams 1. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". double-click view Framing Cutaway. 11. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click OK. 2. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Right-click. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 10.Structural . rail.9. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the two floors.

On the Structure tab. Click. click Beam. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10.3. s In the view window. 4. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 5. In the Type Selector. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Options Bar. select Chain. Structure panel.

set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. 7.

you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 12. 9. Click Modify. as shown. Structural s 407 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab.rvt. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. click Beam. On the Properties palette. Structure panel. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. click Make Wall Bearing. 11. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click on grid intersection B4. In this exercise. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Save the file as Deck Beams.8. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click OK.

This system saves time when preparing framing plans. 4. Click the beam on Grid 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 2. Place Beam Systems 1. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Structure panel. click No. distance.Structural . If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. The completed exercise 5. 3. you: s Place beam systems. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. In this exercise. click Beam System. click Sketch Beam System. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. click Pick Supports. s Place braces. On the Structure tab.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. or number of beams in a bay.rvt. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Open Deck Beams.

7. as shown. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. click Line. Structural s 409 . On the Draw panel. Draw a line on the face of the wall.

Trim as necessary. click Finish (green check). click Line.2". Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s s s On the Draw panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.Structural . On the Properties palette. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click Finish. s s On the Draw panel. 10. click Create Similar. Click the beam on Grid 2. On the Properties palette.8. set Elevation to -0'-9". s 9. click Pick Supports. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.6". 11. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . On the Mode panel.

Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Structure panel.Place Braces 1. Structural s 411 . Adjust the view crop region as shown. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. In the Project Browser. On the Structure tab. On the View Control Bar. 2. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the View tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. 4. as shown. Create panel. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Click to place the elevation. 3. It has an automatic work plane. unlike regular elevations. 5. click Brace.

Structural .6. 8. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. to start the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 9. 7. In the view window. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. In the Type Selector. Repeat the brace going right to left.

In this exercise. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. 11.10. s Placed braces.

Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. The exact location is not critical. but they can also be angular and radial. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. as shown. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. beams. In plan views. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . This is a common step early in designing a large building. You can change a grid number at any time. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. 2. click in the lower left to start a grid line. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. elevation. In this exercise. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. and section views. s s In the view window.Structural . Grid datasets. Datum panel. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. The exact length is not critical. and walls. The numbering automatically increments. click Grid.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Pull the cursor straight up.

Structural s 415 . Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line.3. Click to start another grid line. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.

6. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Pull the cursor to the right. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s Select Grid Line 2. Enter A at the keyboard. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 7.Structural . s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Pull the cursor to the left. Click to start a grid line. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The new grid line is number 5. The new grid line will be number 3. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Press ENTER. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. click Copy. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Press ENTER. Repeat to create grid line 4. close to the heads.5. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click to place the grid line.

s Click to place the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click Copy. This completes the main grid. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Structural s 417 . s Select grid 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1 is still selected. This grid line will be number B. Grid 2. 9. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. On the grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. The Grid tool is still active.1. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. 10. 11. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.8. Change the number to 2.

Zoom to Fit. click Grid. 4. In the Radius field. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. On the Options Bar. click Pick. On the Draw panel. Click in the new grid bubble. click Radius. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Click to place the grid head. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Home tab. 3. set Offset to 15'-0". select Center-Ends Arc. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. enter 15.000 o . s Click to start the grid line.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Change the number to EE. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Create panel. Press ENTER. The Grid tool is still active. s s Click grid intersection D3.Structural .

Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click to place grid FF. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Structural s 419 . 7. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool.5. Drag it down below the radial grids. 6. Select grid 3 to show its controls. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. You will need to identify it easily.

Enter 31 to change the name. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. click Mirror . click Create Similar. s Click grid intersection D3.rvt.000. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Structural . Press ENTER. s In this exercise. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Click to place the grid line. 11. Zoom to Fit. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s 10. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Select grid 3. Click in the new grid bubble.Pick Axis. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Select grid 31. Revit will create grid 32. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9.

select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Open ADA_Grids-complete. click Column > Structural Column. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Use a column grid to place beams. As a result. s Add footings to columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural s 421 . Now you place columns at grid intersections. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. 2. In this exercise. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s Change a grid layout. In the Type Selector. This is a steel column. s 3.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. you typically create a grid. Structure panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

4. On the Multiple panel. set Height to Level 3. 5. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 3. B. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . C and D.s s On the Options Bar. 4. A. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 2. 6.Structural . In the Multiple panel. click Finish. click At Grids.

Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Click Grid 1. click On Grids. The grid. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Structural s 423 .Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Window-select all the grid lines. click Finish. 5. On the Multiple panel. Zoom to Fit. and beams will move to the right. 3. 4. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. 2. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Multiple panel. columns. Open Floor Plan Level 2. click Beam.

Click Redo. click No. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Multiple panel. 4. click Isolated. click At Columns. 3. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. On the Quick Access toolbar. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 1. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Open the Default 3D view. 2.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them.Structural . window-select all the columns. click Undo. 6. Columns and beams will move to the right.

To change the size of the footing. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Structural s 425 .5. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. in the Type Selector. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Click OK. The footing had been placed at Level 1. A warning displays. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing changes size. 6. 7. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. s On the Properties palette.

8.Structural . s Changed a grid layout. Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams.

Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.Structural .

All of the above. s Use a column grid to place columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place braces. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Add footings to columns. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Column b. 2. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Brace c. s Change a grid layout. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beam systems. Beam d. False Summary/Questions s 429 .

All of the above. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. you can: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. b. d. Use grid lines and grid intersections. you: a. To create a beam system. you use: a. 5. c. Flip Orientation d. a. A and B. A but not B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. False 4. c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . b. a. Pick points. When placing columns or beams. If you relocate a grid line. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Properties c. Stretch b.Structural . d. Select the type of beam or column to place. True b. 2. Select a beam type and define the system layout. True b. 3. To change the height of a column.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

CA Ronald A Williams.org Project Lead the Way. Inc. Copyright s 431 .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .iteaconnect. Ltd. South Division High School. PE . Starkweather .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Poway. WI Roger Dohm . Susan Harrington .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. International Technology Education Association www. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Randy Dymond. Milwaukee.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Mathematics. Smith .Teacher.Instructor.Director.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Poway High School.Executive Director.

2010 Autodesk. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries.. or parts thereof. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. All rights reserved. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Inc. Trademarks Autodesk. Inc. INC. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . AutoCAD Architecture. CA 94903. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. by any method. AutoCAD. this publication. Autodesk Revit MEP.. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. for any purpose. AutoCAD MEP. may not be reproduced in any form.© 2010 Autodesk. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Inc. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. INC. All other brand names. Autodesk Inventor. product names. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. All rights reserved. Inc. “AS IS. AutoCAD Civil 3D. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. Published by: Autodesk.” AUTODESK. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc.

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