Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

When sketching walls. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. windows. floors. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.Software Tools . roofs. elevation. section. Other building elements such as doors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and 3D views. You can add building elements in plan. stairs.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. furniture.

If one is moved. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the illustration shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. the other will move as well.While components are being sketched. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . In the two illustrations shown.

parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence.

technology. Engineering. s Constrain placement of objects. This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Use the In-Place Mass tool. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Place a predefined Mass family. Math (STEM). engineering. s Use tools to create building elements from masses.

quickly. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. There are mass families available to load into a project. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. size. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. or masses. A designer. you can create in-place masses. owner. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. walls. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. and curtain systems. and then converted into building components such as floors. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. roofs. such as distance requirements from roadways. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Masses can be edited in many ways.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

When a mass has been placed or created in a project. walls. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. roofs.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. masses. or within.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotation includes text notes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and Language Arts. s Recognize temporary dimensions. s Explain the use of dimensions. Engineering. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. legends. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Technology. technology.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. engineering. and symbol heads. and math standards. Math (STEM). tags.

rfa) can be opened and edited.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

or angular.Software Tools . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be linear. and permanent dimensions for annotating.

Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.z) coordinate system. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Math (STEM). technology. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Engineering. and Language Arts. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Technology. and Options Bar.Software Tools .Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. engineering. s Work with tool buttons. the Type Selector. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science.

You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Display and Navigation s 31 . Its position is fixed. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. windows. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. doors. for instance. beams. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Some commands will not be active (that is.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

braces. detailing. and foundations. structural walls. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. columns. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. Display and Navigation s 33 . trusses.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. and text. symbols. slabs.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Context tabs display as you work. and parameters.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste. and inquiry. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.Software Tools . materials.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . Open. and Close. Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

and groups. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. sheets. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules.Software Tools . schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. families. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. with four elevation markers visible.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

level of detail. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. A check mark indicates it is visible.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Windows panel on the ribbon. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. shadow display. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. View Control Bar View scale. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. cropping. rendering (in 3D views). visual style.Software Tools . sun settings. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. To change the scale of a view. Select the desired view scale from the list.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 . Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. but not at Coarse.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. Hidden Line is the default. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded with Edges.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. date and time. which can be according to the view. or by global location. Display and Navigation s 47 . sun and shadow intensity. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. the view window displays a colored border.Crop region selected.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Once elements have been hidden.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. enabling you to select them. These controls. along with other display settings. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.

Annotate. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Insert.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Structure. Nine tabs are available: Home. View. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Collaborate. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. To activate or open a view. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. Manage and Modify. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 .

Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. the Options Bar may display below it. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started.Context Tabs. If you select items in the view window. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Properties Palette. showing options that you can select while you are working. When a context tab is active. Options Bar. a context tab opens on the ribbon.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Print. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Click a file name to open that file. and Publish. the application menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Export. File Close only appears on the application menu. File Save. Display and Navigation s 65 . You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. New File. The application menu contains file management controls. such as File Open.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

If you select the menu option. make the Home tab active.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. On the ribbon. or click New > Project from the application menu. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. To start a new project. 2. 3. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. After you have examined each of them. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The panel titles display under the tab titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The completed exercise 4. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Do this for other tabs.

7. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. In this exercise. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. you opened a project file. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. and then viewed. Close the file without saving.Software Tools .5. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 6.

rvt. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Exercise 2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. You worked on this file in Getting Started. In the Project Browser. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Open quick_start_building_elements. The file opens to a 3D view. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. doubleclick the view name. 2.

doors. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model.Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible.3. 8. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 5. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. all the walls. . 6. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Clear Walls and Doors. 7. 4. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. and windows highlight blue. Click the door in the upper left of the model. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click any interior wall. On the Properties palette. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Click OK.

In this exercise. Place a door as shown. 10.9. 12. 11. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Select any window to verify that it has changed type.rvt. Display and Navigation s 71 . Click any door. you opened a project file. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. click Create panel > Create Similar. examined the menus and toolbars. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Modify | Doors context tab. On the Properties palette. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.

s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. annotations. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and 3D views using the View menu. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. operating settings. In the exercises. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . building elements (walls. drafting views. and views. and elevation views by default. s Work with Revit families. Engineering. Math (STEM). schedules. Technology. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. templates. System families include levels. either predefined or user-created. You can create sections.Software Tools . s Load and place component families. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. Revit provides floor plan. s Create a new in-place family.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Component families include model objects (furniture. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. ceiling plan. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. floors). mechanical equipment). display controls. lines. Pan. and Language Arts.

engineering. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. technology.

There is also a copy in the course datasets. Rightclick in the view window. There is no way to see everything in it. VG also opens the dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Right-click. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click OK.Exercise: View Controls A building model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotation Categories tab. The display changes. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.Software Tools . Four elevation markers are visible. First. 2. 3. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. is an extensive database. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Open Unit2_building_elements. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. even a small one. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire.

You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Select Detail Level: Medium. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Select the roof outline. Click Open. 7. so be sure to select them both. Right-click. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. On the View Control Bar. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. click Detail Level. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . 6. 5. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. There are two parts to an elevation.4. In the Project Browser. Click Zoom In Region. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Zoom to Fit. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Right-click. Enter ZF.

On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. View Properties 1. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. 2. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Enter VH. Turn off visibility of the elevations.8. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. as before. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. change the Underlay value to None. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.Software Tools . On the Properties palette. doors and windows are not shown. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Click OK. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.0". Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click Rename. the ridge is now visible. Next to View Range. 4. and where the cut plane sits. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Set the cut plane value to 7' .3. For Name. Right-click. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. click Edit. enter Roof.

Open Elevation view South.Software Tools . 5. select Winter Solstice. In the Presets list. Accept the location that activates. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.Graphic Display Options 1. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shading with Edges. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. under Solar Study. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 2. 4. In the dialog box that opens. select Shadows On. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 3. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Still.

The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. In this exercise.

walls. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. 2. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Doors are considered standard family entities. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. commercial. lights. floors. click Door. 3. and furniture. On the Home tab. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. These components are called families and there are several different types. and use a Revit family to place a door. Build panel. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. furniture). and annotations are examples of standard families. and families in place. This exercise illustrates how you locate.Software Tools . Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. railings. is predefined within Revit. windows. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Additionally. windows. and place Revit families. or institutional structures. In Revit. roofs.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. load. standard families. s A system family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Open Unit2_views. furniture. doors and windows are dependent on walls). This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. There are system families. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You add closet doors to interior walls. such as levels.rvt. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. or stand-alone (for example. and so on. you open an existing project file. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. and floors. Doors. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.

5. Project files have a file extension of *. Tag panel. If you highlight a door family.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. On the Modify | Place Door tab. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. As you move your cursor near any wall. 4. Furniture. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. The Door Insertion tool stays active. s s 6. and Annotation.rfa. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Locate Double Panel 2. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Accept the default size. Click Open. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You click to place an instance of the door family.rvt. Click the Doors folder. Family files have a file extension of *. Click Open. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. It has a number of different sizes defined.

and placed instances of a door family. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. you located. loaded. simply click it. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.7. but not strongly. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 9. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place an instance of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.Software Tools . You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 8.

click Duplicate. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . 2. and create an in-place family. This door needs to be 48" wide.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The required width is not available. In the Type Properties dialog box. modify a door family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. you open an existing project file. enter 48" x 80". Click OK. Open Unit2_doors_walls. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 5. For Name. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. 4.rvt. Select the double door as shown. 3. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.

For Name. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Click OK. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). is to create a component family in place. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Build panel.6. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 4. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 1. The door updates. 2. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. set the Extrusion End value to 6". enter Hall Clock. 5. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In the dialog box. select Generic Models. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. Click OK. 3. click Component > Model In-Place. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. On the Home tab.Software Tools . and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment.

click Rectangle.4" as shown. Click OK. On the Draw panel. 8.rvt. 10. you located.2". Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. You have created the base of the clock. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". as shown. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. loaded. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 7. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. In this exercise. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 13. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).0' 2". 11. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 9. and placed a door family. The family model updates.6. 12. Revit will display . The exact dimensions and location are not critical.

STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.

s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

s Change view properties.Software Tools . s Create an in-place model family. True b. and place a family from a library. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. Each project has several predefined views. s Change type properties of a family. False 3. a. c. d. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. True b. Turn on Shadows. context tabs. s Adjust Visual Style Options. d. True b. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. tab. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. b. Questions 1. 7. c. and Options Bar. s Access. Spin the model in 3D space. d. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Create a 3D perspective view. Zoom to the entire model. b. The tool shown is used to: a. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . False 2. False 5. load. a. Right-click. False 4. Views can be renamed. b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. depending on the template selected. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Either a or b. c. To activate a view: a. and click Open. a. a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. True b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Open different views. 6. s Change view displays.

a. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ .8. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Parts d.) are called: a. Multiview b. windows. Properties palette 10. Pan and Zoom b. In-Place d. Standard b. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. All of the above. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Scroll d. System c. A family created within a project is called ________________. Rotate c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Blocks c. depending on settings 9. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Families 11. etc. Project Browser d.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Create dimensions and text. 8. s Set project units. 9. 7. s Create dimension and text styles. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. Review Revit Architecture setup. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. s Create labels. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 5. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 6. s Create a project template.

Engineering. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . linetypes. based on the AIA standards. and the settings that are preset within them. Technology. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. should be used. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. defining the layers. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. colors.aia.Standards and Building Codes . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Many cities and counties have their own rules. After completing this lesson.org. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.aias. Math (STEM). The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Visit the AIAS website at www. Explain why templates are used. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. colors. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Visit the AIA website at www. and so forth.org. linetypes. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. and so on. defined and adopted by convention. If there is a fire. A garage must be completely enclosed. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. it cannot be called a bedroom. otherwise it is considered a carport. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and so on.Standards and Building Codes . like mechanical drawing. one window. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. doors. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the number being its numerical value. a garage. For example. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. a common area (such as a living room or family room). uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. a bathroom. and one closet. If it lacks any of these components. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. windows.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. it must have at least one door. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack.

Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.. unit symbol ft.. and other materials. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Here h is the physical quantity. is 555 ft. glass. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. or imperial. its value is expressed in the unit meter. In architectural drafting.For example. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . the construction industry still uses the English. units are applied to dimensions. also known as the International System of Units. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. in the United States. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. using imperial units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. is 169 m. unit symbol m. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. such as room size and wall height. However. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Another method is to apply dual notation.

Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. and viewports. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). line weight and pattern. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. sheets.Standards and Building Codes . This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.) 8. every 1/8" would represent 1'. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. one value representing another value. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Each size is designated by a letter. In Revit Architecture.Scales are ratios.

An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). notes Demolition.a modified version of the AIA standard. The integers go from 0 to 9. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. site plan. You create and position views. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. elevators. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. symbols. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.

annotation plot sizes.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the HVAC company. and so on. the author of the drawing. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. The paper is oriented landscape. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Usually.Standards and Building Codes . fonts. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Typically. followed by information on the building's owner. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and layer standards. For example. so that the height is less than the width. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. that is. drawing scales. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. and other relevant information. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The next space is for tracking revisions. the date drawn. the electrician. The column is divided into sections.

Standards and Building Codes s 99 . title blocks. and so forth. dimension and text styles. layer settings.in the City of San Francisco. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. required symbols.

dimension styles. and walls. windows. and Language Arts. These can be used to build your model. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Technology. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. views. Engineering. Math (STEM). 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes . and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. you use templates that are preset with drawing units.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . and math standards. engineering.

The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. 3. click Browse. factory. you create a new project file using a template. click New > Project. Select a Template 1. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. apartments.Standards and Building Codes . Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. On the application menu. In Revit. In the New Project dialog box. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. you use templates as starting points. Condominiums. 2. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Open Revit to an empty project file. or store.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. and town houses usually use commercial building templates.

5.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. On the application menu. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. you started a new project file using a standard template.4. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Select the Residential-Default. In this exercise. Click Open. saving set up time. Settings s 103 . click Close to close this project without saving. Click OK. 6. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.

the drawing setup options are preset. Click to start a new wall. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. The Wall tool remains active. s Place the cursor over the left wall. click Wall. 3. Build panel. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes .Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. expand Floor Plans under Views. Pull the cursor to the right. In the courseware datasets folder.rvt. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 2. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Project Browser. open ADA__Settings. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.

Click OK twice to save the setting change. 5. In this exercise. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Close the file without saving. Settings s 105 . Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. and move the cursor right. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. 8. Press ESC to cancel the wall. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.) 6. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. s Set Unit symbol to m. 7. click to start a new wall.4. Click Format for Length. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Place the cursor over the left wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's.

Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. click Duplicate. In the Type Properties dialog box. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.Standards and Building Codes . enter Big Text. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. 1. 4. dimensions not only display. Temporary dimensions display when you select. On the Annotate tab. or insert components. Open ADA_Dimensions.rvt. On the Properties palette. For Name. there are two types of dimensions. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Aligned. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 3. click Edit Type. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. temporary and permanent. Dimension panel. but also control the size and location of objects. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. create. Click OK. By default. 2. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture.

7. and bottom horizontal walls.5. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. 6. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click to place. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. left. Settings s 107 . s Click OK twice. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Select the top. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Text Size to 3/16".

created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.Standards and Building Codes . upper.8. 9. Click to place the dimension. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Close the file without saving. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you opened an existing file. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. and far right vertical walls. In this exercise. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. s s s Select the far left. The Dimension tool stays active.

You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. In order to do this. There are no annotations visible. These are annotations. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In the datasets folder. 3. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Notice the door and window tags. and the view window displays the new plan. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Settings s 109 . Right-click.

Click OK. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6. Model Categories tab. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click OK to update the display of this view. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 9. 1. 5. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. In the Project Browser. In the Project Browser. Click Rename. click Project Information.4. On the Manage tab. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view.Standards and Building Codes . 8. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Double-click to open it. 7. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Settings panel.

In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.) 3. You can also enter the address of your school. Click OK. 3. 2. click Edit. Enter the address as shown. 2. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. or supply your own values: Click OK. Settings s 111 . The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. highlight the title block displayed in the list.Add a Sheet 1. Rightclick. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Click OK. Click New Sheet.

01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Click Apply. Add a View to the Sheet 1. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Notice the change to the title block.Standards and Building Codes . Next. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. 5.4. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Settings s 113 . Right-click in the view. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Click Activate View. Right-click. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 2. Select the new viewport. 3. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Select Deactivate View. Select Add View to Sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4.

The Scale updates in the title block. 6. Close the file without saving.5. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . s Placed a view on the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. deselect it. you: select it. s Added a sheet. of the sheet. Place the cursor 7. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. The view updates on the sheet. Finish the move.

click New > Titleblock. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. A copy of the 11 x 8. This is one of the longer exercises. Settings s 115 .5.5 title block template opens. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Select A-11x8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 2. Click Open. It opens to the Recent Files window. On the application menu.rft. 4. 3. Start Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Your teacher may specify another location. On the application menu. 13. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. s Click Add. Right-click. Accept the Sample Value. s Accept the Sample Value. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 12. 11. Save the title block as A . you created a title block using a template file. Add a label for Checked By. 10. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. In this exercise. select Drawn By. click Save to save the title block. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Click Zoom to Fit. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list.Standards and Building Codes .Landscape. On the Quick Access toolbar.rfa. Add a label for Sheet Number. click Close. 15. 14.9.

A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 4. On the View tab. In the Recent Files window. Your title block is now displayed in the list. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 3. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 5. Locate your title block. and then load a custom title block into your project. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. you create a new project file. Settings s 125 . Highlight the title block and click OK. 2. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click New to create a new project using the default template. Insert a Title Block 1. Click Open. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list.

The parameters on the title block will update as shown.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. Settings panel. enter Student Project Unit 3. Click OK. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Click OK.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. 2. 3. Select the title block. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. In this exercise. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Zoom to Fit. s For Drawn By. s For Checked By. enter your instructor's name. enter your name. On the Manage tab. click Project Information. 4. you a created a new project file. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. On the Properties palette. 5. 6.

s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. On the application menu. and geometry from the template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. and the units for your custom template. you create a new project file. and slope angle. click New > Project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. and then load them like families. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In the New Project dialog box. select Project Template. There are various settings you can define for your template. Create a Template In this exercise. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. in addition to predefined wall types. you define the title block. s Families: Load in families you use most often. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. 3. angles. Click OK. settings.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. In this exercise. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. such as 3D and plan views. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. a dimension style. On the Insert tab. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. including how the rendered image looks. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. 2. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 1. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views.

enter 3/16" Verdana. Click OK twice.Standards and Building Codes . click Duplicate. Set the units for the template. In the Type Properties dialog box. 5. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 6. On the Annotate tab. Open the title block A . There will be no visible change. 10.4. 9. For Name. You create a custom dimension style. click Settings panel > Project Units.rfa. On the Manage tab.Landscape. 7. 8. Next. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . create a Dimension Style. Click the Length field in the Format column.

Click Dimension panel > Aligned. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. In the Project Browser. Rightclick. Select the A . 15. 14. On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 12. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click New Sheet. Click OK.11. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. select Sheets (All). Click OK. Settings s 129 .

You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.rte. title block. Save the file name as A-English template. The title block updates. In this exercise. and units that you defined.Standards and Building Codes . you created a new template file using a dimension style. as well as dimension style and units. 17. Click OK. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You can use this template for future projects. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save your project template in your class project folder.16.

Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. abstract format. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

02 b. A particular physical quantity. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. S. A. 1:24 d. NCSESA 2. AIA b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. A. An architect b. UBC c. you learned to: s Set units in a file. P.02 d.Standards and Building Codes . s Create dimensions. NCTM d. s Create a title block. a. dimension styles.05 c. s Create a text style. s Create labels. s Create a template. s Change dimension colors. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. is defined as what? a. s Change lineweight. and symbols used in drawing? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. Metric d. False 3. Using AIA Standards. A unit 4. 1:12 c. s Create text. English c. General Questions 1.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. a. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". True b. 1:32 5. s Create a dimension style. a. 1:3 b.

To create a new sheet. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. By default. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Application menu > Properties b. True b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False 6. you use: a. In Revit Architecture. To change the scale of a view. Wall faces b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Wall midpoints d. Point offsets 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. To set the units in a project. False 4. dimensions snap to: a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. a. Wall centerlines c. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. you click: a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. a. a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. True b.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 5. s Align walls. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 2. 6. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.

their construction and materials. and protect its interior spaces. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. or filling in between. separate. them. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. After completing this lesson. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. List the different types of occupancy. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls.Walls . They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Expand the Type Selector list. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. the dimension updates incrementally. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Walls s 151 . Select Basic Wall: Exterior . an angular dimension displays. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Stud. After you create the wall. Click to set the endpoint. indicating wall length. Select the Single Line option.Brick on Mtl. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. It will not print.3. Clear the Chain option. 5. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. As you continue to move the cursor. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. click it to open an edit field. To modify a dimension. a dashed line displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Enter 10. but it disappears when you begin another action. 4.

Select panel. Click the wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. click the Detail Level icon. Depending on your zoom in the view. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Modify | Place Wall tab. On the Modify | Walls tab. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall.6. After setting the vertical wall's direction. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 7. The wall does not show any internal detail. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. enter 7. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration.Walls . the controls may sit on top of one another. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click to start the next wall. click Create Similar. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Press ENTER. 8. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. On the View Control Bar. click Modify to stop placing walls. Create panel.

Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click Modify. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Also. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Walls s 153 . Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Select the right vertical wall. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. release the mouse button to set a new length. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. an alignment line displays. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.9. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. no matter where you move the cursor. 10. notice how the wall joins at the corner.

15. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. On the Home tab. Select the lower vertical wall. Sketch the walls as shown. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 13. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 16. click Wall.Walls . When using the Chain option. Repeat. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 14. This is the same as clicking Modify. 12. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Build panel. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Right-click.11. Click Cancel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. This enables you to sketch walls continuously.

After clicking the second end. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. In this exercise. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Modify.18. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.rvt. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Clear the Chain option. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Walls s 155 . 20. 19. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Create Similar again.

Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. fillet. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 3. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Do the same for the vertical wall. 2.rvt from the previous exercise. To do this. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Only part of the wall highlights. Both split walls are shown below. This exercise illustrates how to split. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Click Modify. You now remove the upper right corner. The cursor changes to a razor blade. and extend walls. Split Walls 1. trim. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. you first split the walls at the intersections.Walls . you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. 4. align.

3. You can also click the flip control. On the Modify | Wall tab. On the Options Bar. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. click Undo and repeat the steps. 5. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 2. 4. select Radius. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Create Similar. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. If you make a mistake. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. click Delete. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Create panel.Fillet Walls 1. Click Fillet Arc. Enter 5'. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Walls s 157 . Select any wall. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Modify panel.

Place an interior wall as shown. 3. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.Walls . Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. select Basic Wall: Interior . You align the wall in the next steps.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. The Wall tool is still active. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. 2.

such as location lines. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The length is not critical. Click to create a wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. The Wall Trim Tool 1.4. Walls s 159 . To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Pull the cursor straight up. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain.

s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the two interior walls in turn. The walls can cross. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 6. The length is not critical. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 2. This will extend to the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This will be the border.Walls . Select the vertical wall as shown. 5. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 4. 3.

Walls s 161 .rvt. and trim.7. In this exercise. fillet. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. align. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.

1. 2.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The Modify tool is active by default. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . satisfy different requirements. 3. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. click Edit Type.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. In the Project Browser. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. and vary in cost.Walls . A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. On the Properties palette.

enter 8" Insulated Stud. For Name. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. click Edit in the Structure value field. s Click Up. Walls s 163 . 8. the wall structure should be as shown. 6. 5. Click OK. s Click the number of Layer 3. 7. s Click Down twice. When you are finished. Add two additional layers to the wall. To edit the structure of the wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click the arrow at the right. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. has a Function you can edit. Every layer of a wall.4. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Click Insert twice. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. except Core Boundary. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure.

Stud Layer. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 11. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 12. select Finishes . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].9. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Walls . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Modify the Function. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Material to Finishes .Exterior .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 13. s Set the Material to Wood . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 10. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. which displays plan or section views. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Material. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.

14. In the Project Browser. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. On the Properties palette. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. expand the Families branch. 15. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select Medium. Walls s 165 . 16. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. From the Detail level list. Click Apply to update the view. 17.

Right-click 8" Exterior. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . From the Type Selector list. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. defined a new wall structure. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.Walls . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 19. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 20. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.18. You opened an existing file.

Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Brick on Mtl. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. 3. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a structural mid-section. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . such as a weatherproof outside surface. for example. Stud walls as shown.rvt. and a decorated interior surface. You can define a wall type with these elements. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Select one of the Exterior . Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The model opens in a 3D view. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. 2. wood rails. you create and modify vertically compound walls. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. In this exercise.

Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes.Walls . 1. or you will lose your changes. the new regions assume the same material as the original. either horizontally or vertically. You can assign different materials to regions. 6. When you split a layer. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. As indicated in the dialog box title. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 5. In this exercise. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. click Edit. highlight one of the borders. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure.4. into regions. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. 2. Click Split Region. To define the structure of the wall. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. To split a layer or region horizontally. so all instances of this type change. If not already expanded. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 7. To split a layer or region vertically. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 8. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. in the Structure value field. You change the type. Wall structures are Type Properties. You can set the sample height to any value. You can split regions into other regions.

Click Merge Regions. In this case. assign Layer 1. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.3. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Walls s 169 . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. After merge. 4. When you merge regions. 1. 3. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click to split the region into two parts. 2. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Prehighlight a border between regions. The upper split disappears. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click to merge them. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Click to merge the two layers.Brick layer. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.

You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 2. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Revit converts the value to 12' 0".Walls . You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Click the temporary dimension text. If you set the split offset down from the top. After a region is split. Press ENTER. 1. s Select the split line. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. The dimension text turns blue. 1. Next. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Insert. 2. In the Edit dialog box. indicating that it is modifiable.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 4. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 3. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 3. to the next parallel line. click Modify. Change the value to 12. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click again to return to the original position. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. instead of down.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. To create a new wall layer.

9. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. It also shows a thickness value. Walls s 171 . Close the file without saving. In this exercise.Brick Soldier Course layer. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. it highlights in blue in the preview window. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. When a layer is selected in the table.Brick Soldier Course. 7. because it is now the selected layer. The preview changes appearance. Click Assign Layers. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click OK. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. All walls of this type have been changed. Split Region.4. It immediately highlights in blue. and Insert Layer tools. 10. Modify. as shown. 8. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click OK. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 6. Merge Region. 5. Change the Material to Masonry . The column widths in the table can be adjusted.

but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. piping.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. ducting. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and protected. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. installed. earth.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.Doors and Windows . and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the view. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

if there is no other escape route. An unobstructed opening of 5.Doors and Windows . The height can be no less than 24". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. the width can be no less than 20". ft.7 sq. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . must be provided by the window being used as an egress.

engineering. move. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. and math standards. Engineering. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. you learn how to place doors and windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. how to load additional door and window families. Components such as doors. windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . s Center a door in a wall. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and copy these elements. and how to position. technology. Some families are loaded into each empty file. This lesson relates to science. and furniture are defined in family files. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. s Copy windows. In this unit.

In other words. elevation view. Once a door is placed. the door swing would be to the left side. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. To reverse the swing. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . To flip the door. On the Home tab. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. This can be done in a plan view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. click Door. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Build panel. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. 3. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Add Doors 1. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. 2.Doors and Windows . if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. or 3D view.

This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Mode panel.rfa. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. From the Type Selector list. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. With the Door command active. Doors and Windows s 189 . Select the door Double-Panel 2. except for the Type Selector. The display does not change.Load Families 1. 2. Click Open. 3. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. In order to keep file size small. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". walls. on the Modify | Place Door tab. and windows into project files. click Load Family.

Place a second instance in the wall opposite. From the Type Selector. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".Doors and Windows . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing.4. 5. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.

To Doors and Windows s 191 . You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. If you place a door in the wrong location. Place instances of single doors as shown. change a temporary dimension. or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. simply click it and enter the correct value.6. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Do not add the dimensions. Remember.

Doors and Windows .7.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Open Unit5_doors. or 3D view. elevation view. click Modify and select the window. 2.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. When placing windows in a plan view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Windows have exterior and interior sides. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click Window. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. approach the wall from the right side. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the window after performing another operation. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. the outside of the window is to the left side. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. From the Type Selector. Add Windows 1. On the Home tab.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Build panel. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . You can place windows in a plan view.

Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.Doors and Windows . Place seven more windows as shown. In this exercise. You do not need to add dimensions. 5. placed doors. Window tags do not number in sequence.rvt. and placed windows. 4.3. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. you opened an existing project. loaded a door family. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. place a door. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. and modify the wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. constrain it to be centered in a wall. click Aligned. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. and so on. 3. 4. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. On the Annotate tab.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. you open an existing project file. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . window. 1. Dimension panel. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. wall.rvt. 2. s Align and modify walls. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center.

Click the lock icon to enable it. 2. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 5. The door changes location. Align Walls 1. Notice the symbol. Click it and it changes as shown.s s s s Click the left wall. 6. Select the upper wall first.Doors and Windows . Click the right wall. The walls are now aligned. Click the center of the door. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. the other wall will remain aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the two wall faces indicated to align. This means that if one wall shifts. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.

Doors and Windows s 197 . Clear the EQ Display value. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. The walls shift and remain aligned.4. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 3. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 5. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Right-click. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Dimensions display below it.

In this exercise. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Right-click. 7. Save the file as Unit5_aligned.6.Doors and Windows . Click Zoom to Fit. you placed a continuous dimension. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.rvt.

Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Doors and Windows s 199 .Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. especially if there are many different types. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Windows tab. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 1. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 4. Create panel. In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned.rvt. 2.

Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. click Copy. The window is copied. Modify panel. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 3.Doors and Windows . 4. The window will change appearance. On the Modify | Windows tab. Select the window you just placed.Copy Windows 1.

5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click. In this exercise.

flat glass is a recent invention. cold. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows .

s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 36" c. 34" 4. 40" d. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 30" c. 32" b. s Copy a door or window. a. a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. you learned to: s Place doors. Custom 3. s Place a window. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. False 2. Standard b. 28" b. s Position a door or window. If a room is used for sleeping.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. s Align a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 32" d. General Questions 1.

Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Offset c. c. Click Door Properties. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. To change the swing direction of a door: a. you use ________. Click Modify > Flip Direction.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Duplicate d. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Insert d.Doors and Windows . you use: a. a. c. A reference plane b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Properties 3. To change the location of a door or window. a. a. Select the door. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Use door grips to reposition. d. a. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Clone b. Right-click. d. Load from Library b. Link c. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. b. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Copy 8. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . True b. Select the door. 6. 4. b. you: a. The center snap 7. Click Door Properties. False 2. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Load c. False 5. Click Flip Direction. To center a door or window in a wall. True b.

Review stairs and railings. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Evaluate students. Lesson Plan 1. 4. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. 2.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 6. s Create railings. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.

After completing this lesson. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. stair and railing types.Stairs and Railings .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.

This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. Technology. and math standards. Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. Once the actual riser height is determined.

210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 .

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. you will be able to: s Create stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. of certain horizontal depth or run. To review the list of standards for each lesson. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. and stairs. or vertical circulation. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Technology. L-shaped runs with a landing. You can define straight runs. and spiral stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. s Add a railing. You create stairs in a plan view. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. and Language Arts. or tread. As you move the cursor. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Modify stairs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. The riser and run values update accordingly. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels.Stairs and Railings . ramps. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. which includes elevators. In multistory buildings. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. For safety reasons. This lesson relates to technology. U-shaped stairs. Math (STEM). s Create U-shaped stairs. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. engineering. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Engineering.

3. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Before you create the stairs. This file is in metric units.rvt. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Stairs and Railings s 217 . you create stairs using a straight run. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. From the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. On the Properties palette. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1.

The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. These tools are used to define your stairs. On the Home tab. Run is preselected. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.Stairs and Railings . You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. Circulation panel. click Stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. In this case. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. 5. Click OK to close the dialog box. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.4. you create a straight run.

You can continue to move the cursor up. 7. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 8. select Finish (green check). You can also enter a distance of 4400. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. To change the run dimension. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. the run footprint stops expanding. 10.6. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. As you move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. On the Mode panel. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 9. and then click to define the run of stairs. If you have not fully created the run. Select this intersection point to start your run.

11. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. 13. In this exercise.rvt. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To avoid overwriting the original file. you created and placed a straight run stair. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 12. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. and switched to a 3D view. click application menu > Save As > Project. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.

Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. click Align. Level 1. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Edit panel. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.rvt. 2. On the Modify tab. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The stair is not centered on the landing. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Activate view Floor Plans.

Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.4. The Align command remains active. select Wall centerlines. Take time to make the selections correctly. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Click the center of the wall first. 5. Click the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . If you have a scroll mouse. On the Options Bar. from the Prefer list. You can rotate your model to get a better view.Stairs and Railings . which is located at the center of the stairs.

railings were created with the stairs. s Click Duplicate. Hover the cursor over the railing. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. 9. Graphics. enter Lobby Stairs. expand Sections (Building Section). and Dimensions subsections. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view.6. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. As you prehighlight them. On the Properties palette. 7. 8. s Click OK. s For Name. In the Project Browser. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Select the stairs. click Edit Type. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. On the Properties palette. Change Width to 1350. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays.

To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.10. Select both railings. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Cherry s s Click Modify. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Lobby Stair View. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.

The stair changes to the run sketch. The railings change. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. you change the shape of the stairs. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. 14. Mode panel. Next. Stairs and Railings s 225 .12. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. 13. Click it to select it. click Edit Sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. In the Type Selector. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Delete this line. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Zoom in on the stairs. s Select the stairs (not a railing).

click the left end of the top riser. click Boundary. Click Modify. Click to place the arc. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 16. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. To place the second arc endpoint. On the Draw panel. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 17. s On the Modify panel.Stairs and Railings . s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 18. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 19. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.15. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.

select the endpoint of the right boundary. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. On the Draw panel. Stairs and Railings s 227 . First. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. Click to exit the Mirror command. For the third point. click Riser. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Next. the arc center point.21. 20.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. 23.22. click Finish. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise. Open the {3D} view to see the results. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You also modified the properties of a railing.Stairs and Railings .rvt. On the Mode panel.

For simple railings. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Select the right side railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. 3. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Zoom into the landing area as shown. In this case. To make sure you are selecting the railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Click Modify. Therefore. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.rvt from the previous exercise. s s Sketch a Railing 1. 2. This is typically done in plan view. you sketch the plan view path. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you need to define a path for the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.

on the Modify | Railings tab. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. click Line. On the Draw panel. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. s s On the Options Bar. 7. click Edit Path. Then.Stairs and Railings . Once the railing is selected. select Chain. The dimensions are shown as a guide. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. You do not need to add dimensions. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. To set the exact distance. 6. edit the temporary dimension. Mode panel. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5.4. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point.

s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete your lines and try again. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Stairs and Railings s 231 .rvt. you used sketch tools to create a railing. 8. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. 9.

Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Create a Reference Plane 1. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 2. the stairs appear as a U-shape. In a floor plan view.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Work Plane panel. s On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. you create a reference plane. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs.rvt from the previous exercise. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Home tab.

click Stairs. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes .Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 5. Click Edit Type. Stairs and Railings s 233 . change the Width parameter to 900. For Name. On the Home tab. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click OK twice. enter Exit Stairs. 3. To start sketching the run. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Matte 2. 4. Click OK. 6. Dark Gray. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. On the Properties palette. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Circulation panel. Pull the cursor straight up.

Stairs and Railings .7. enter 1925. 9. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Click to place the first run. Press ENTER. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to finish the stair run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . with none remaining to be created. 8. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer to the right.

Remove the additional lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. you select Continue to return the sketch. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. To remove the lines. click Finish Stairs. Stairs and Railings s 235 . it is because you have overlapping lines. Click Finish Stairs again. On the Stairs panel. You want to inspect your stairs. 11. Select the two walls of the stair tower.10. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. 2. but they are hidden behind walls. On the View Control bar. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. If you get an error message.

and to create a U-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings . The stairs update to become multistory stairs. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 3. The walls are now hidden. Select the stairs so they highlight. you learned to create a reference plane. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. 5. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Reset the Display 1. In this exercise. The exterior walls reappear. On the View Control Bar. On the Properties palette.rvt.3. 6. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This is a multistory stair. 4. 2. Finally. Zoom in to see your stairs. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. and elevators.

but they can also be highly decorative. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. smoke guards.Stairs and Railings . Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They cost less. this openness makes them fire hazards. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Include landings as required by your local building code. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. and deliver riders without wait time. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

you learned to: s Create stairs. 32" c. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 36" d. True b. 30" b. a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. s Create railings. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 40" 4. s Modify stair boundaries.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. b. 180 degrees 3. 45 degrees c. and all treads should be the same run. General Questions 1. 90 degrees d. a. True b. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 25 degrees b. a. False 2.

To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Insert 2. a. a. Rectangle c. False 6. you use the _______ option.Stairs and Railings . risers 3. Run. Home b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. Boundary lines. riser lines c. Railings. Arc d. a. risers b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Attach Railing c. To create railings on stairs without railings. Circle 4. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Fasten Railing 5. that is. a. Pick New Host b. Manage d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. True b. Align Railing d. riser d. Treads. risers and treads. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Line b. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Modify c.

(Student) 6. s Define a roof structure.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Evaluate Students. (Student) 9. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. s Place gutters. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 4. (Student) 8. Review of roof types.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1.

About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and downspouts. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building.Roofs . The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. roof types. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. run. tiles. After completing this lesson. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. gutters. Identify the different roof types. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Calculate the rise. and pitch of a sloped roof. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. It addresses roof construction.

Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. and math standards. s Rake: The inclined. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. and Language Arts. Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. About Roofs s 243 . s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Technology.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

resistance to wind and fire. are designed for shedding water and snow. as well as how effective a shelter it is. rot. and sunlight. maintenance. About Roofs s 245 . They come in several types. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. fire-resistant. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. durability. and low maintenance roofing material.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and color. the roofing pattern. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. durability. and colors. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. You can use them for many different applications. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. resulting in at least one textured face. and sun. brands. the roofing pattern. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and if visible. These are used more often on upscale homes. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. texture. both low and steep. resistance to wind and fire. snow. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. and if visible. and color. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. Sloped roofs. maintenance. texture.

s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. and require little maintenance. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. This same roof on a clear. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. Therefore. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. or corrugated structural glass. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. galvanized steel. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). zinc alloy. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Unfortunately. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. odor. They are fire-resistant. and so forth). cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. fiberglass. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. galvanized steel. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. reinforced plastic. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. quality. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. durable. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. treatment for insects.Roofs . special characteristics (for example. When choosing the insulation for your job. and insulating capability (R-value). s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. choose a type that will suit your needs. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. consider such factors as cost.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Many barns use gambrel roofs.

The run value is typically equal to 12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. and span. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. run. where as.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch.

Roofs .When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7 and 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 to 12. 7 on 12. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

you work with massing shapes and not building components. or ice. s Place gutters. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. or eaves. and fascia. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. snow. soffits. that convey rainwater to drains. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Once you create a roof. often supporting a gutter. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you can add gutters. s Create a roof fascia. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. To create a roof by face. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Assign roof structure and materials. or roof overhangs. s Create various roof types. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. dormers. water. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Create a hip roof. Roofs s 255 . s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Roofs . To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. and math standards.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Engineering. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK to continue. In the Work Plane dialog box. To create an extruded roof. 4. select the Name option. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . you create an extruded roof. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 3.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 2. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. the top of the roof profile is sketched. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration.. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.rvt. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Open ADA_Roofs.

In the Place Reference Plane context tab. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Draw panel. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Click Open View. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. In the Go To View dialog box.5. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". select Section: Section 1. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. The section view should display as shown.Roofs . To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. click Line. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 4. s Use the image below for guidance. 6. click Ref Plane. Before sketching the roof's profile. Drawing Reference Planes 1. 2. 3. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. On the Work Plane panel.

Using the image below for guidance. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value. s Click Modify. sketch from right to left along the Level line. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Roofs s 259 . s Click the EQ toggle. 5.

Click OK. 3.Roofs . 4. Right-click. enter Horizontal. you can label them. 6. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. On the Properties palette. click Line.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 7. click Finish (green check). To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 5. click Chain. On the Mode panel. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s On the Options Bar. The name displays when you select the reference plane. for Name. 1. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 2. Click Modify.

9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view.8.12" type.

carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. click Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Using the images for guidance. This is a two-step process. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. On the Modify tab. 3. Edit Geometry panel. 2.Roofs . it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 1. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.

On the Options Bar. In the Project Browser. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. select Attach Wall: Top. 2. Roofs s 263 . Trim Walls 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. Select the roof. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Modify Wall panel. Select both walls.4. To select both walls together. However. This will join the wall tops to the roof. 3. open the view Sections: Section 1.

5. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. In this exercise. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.rvt. Switch to a 3D view. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.Roofs .

Build panel. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. from existing walls.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. a dialog box is displayed. Click Yes. From the drop-down list. Because you are in a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . so you look straight down as in a plan.rvt. 4. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On the Home tab. In this exercise. The footprint sketch is created at 2. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 1. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 3. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Unit7_first_roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. select Garage Roof. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. by Footprint.

If you place a line on the wrong side. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. click Defines Slope. 6. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' .0". select the vertical wall on the left. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Use the image below for guidance. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. clear the Defines slope option.5. Next.Roofs . click Pick Walls. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s On Options Bar. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8. 7.

When a roof line is set to slope defining. Select the right side roof line. Roofs s 267 . Select the left slope defining line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Finish. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. change the value to 6"/12". Click Modify. 1. Change this value to 6"/12". To complete the roof. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. The new roof displays. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. It becomes an editable field. 2. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Click the 9"/12" text. That value displays next to the slope arrow. By default. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Other controls also display. defining lines separately. click Yes.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 3. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 5.4.rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.

On Home tab. Roofs s 269 .Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4. click to select them. The file opens to a 3D view. Build panel. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. To chain-select all of the walls. 3. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Clear Defines Slope. set the overhang to 1' 0". The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. On the Options Bar. 2. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. When all of the walls prehighlight. you create a gable roof using a footprint.

sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Using the image for guidance. On the Draw panel. click Rectangle. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. 4. 3. On the Options Bar. Right-click. 2. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . As an alternate. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset.Create a Roof Opening 1. Zoom into the chimney area.

select Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. 2. 3. Click Finish. click Yes. 4. The slope indicator displays. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 5. Select the left lower horizontal line. horizontal line. 6. On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. Roofs s 271 .Add Slope Lines 1. Click Modify. As in the previous exercise. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar.

272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . attached walls.Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.rvt. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8. and chimney penetration.7.

Zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. Select the three walls shown in the image. you create a hip roof.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 5. On the Options Bar. Select Defines Slope. Roofs s 273 . The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Build panel.rvt. Create the Roof 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4. set Overhang to 2' .0". Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 3. 2.

6. you use the Line tool. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.Roofs . In addition. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To close the roof sketch. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. click Line.0". sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. Click Finish to complete the roof. Click OK.7. Raise the Roof 1. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Right-click the ViewCube. s On the Draw panel. 2. s s Clear Defines Slope. 3. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first.

you created a hip roof using a footprint.2.rvt. In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and then joined it to a wall.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.

Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 4. 7. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. Create a Shed Roof 1. 3. Roofs s 277 . Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. click Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. click Line. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 5. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 6. 2. Clear Defines Slope.rvt.

11. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Set the Offset to 0' 0". Right-click the line. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Click Modify. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". On the Properties palette.Roofs . Select the lower. 12. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 13. 9.8. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 10. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. horizontal line at the front of the roof.

Finish the Roof. Switch to a 3D view. 18. 16. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Roofs s 279 . Click OK. click Yes. In this exercise.14. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 17. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 15.rvt.

On the Properties palette. On the menu bar. Select the Roof.rvt. 4. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. The roof updates. 5. 2. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Open the Default 3D view.Roofs . Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. Cutoff Level list. 3. Activate the view North Elevation. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. select Level 3.

In this exercise. To set the slope for the new roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. 9.6. 7. click Pick Lines. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Roofs s 281 . 10. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 8. Switch to a 3D View. select Defines Slope. Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Home tab. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Finish the Roof.rvt. set the slope value to 3"/12". 11. 13. on the Properties palette. On the Draw panel. 12.

thereby reducing energy consumption. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.rvt. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. In the Type Selector. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the main roof over the house. 1. The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.Roofs . 2. 3.

5. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit Type. Click Insert to add a layer. 2. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. It is a generic roof type. For Name.Define a Roof Structure 1. 4. For Structure Value. enter Clay Tile. Roofs s 283 . Select the roof over the garage. click Edit. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 3. click Duplicate. Select Layer 2 as shown. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Click OK.

s Click OK. In this exercise. Click OK twice. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 7. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.s s s In the Materials dialog box.rvt. 6. select Model. 8. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.

On the Home tab. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. Roofs s 285 . click Roof > Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Click Open. On the Insert tab. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 2. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. to support a gutter.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 3.rfa. 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. In the Open dialog box. In this exercise. or for decoration.rvt.

In the Type Properties dialog box. for Profile. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Click Duplicate. Matte. 6.Roofs .5. Set the Material value to Metal . select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory. Click OK. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Edit Type. For Name.

you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.8. 9. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise. Roofs s 287 .

select Metal Aluminum. The completed exercise 4. you add gutters to a building. Click OK. Place Gutters In this exercise. 1. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. The file should open to a 3D view. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. under Profile parameter. On the Home tab.Bevel: 5" x 5". so as not to detract from the design of the building. click Edit Type. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. click Roof > Gutter.rvt.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 6. 5. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Under Material parameter. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 3. 2.Roofs . s Click Duplicate. select Gutter .

7. the gutter displays on the wrong side. you attached gutters to a roof. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 9. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Roofs s 289 . 10. 8. In this exercise. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Segments will clean up at corners. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. If you click the interior face.rvt. 11.

s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat. water.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .m.

None of the above 3.Roofs . Gable b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . True b. General Questions 1. Hip c. True b. False 2. a. s Define a roof structure. Low b. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Medium c. s Place gutters. Shed 4. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. High d. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. When referring to roof slope. s Place fascia. a. Gambrel d. the run is always 12.

DEL d. Material 8. profile. Walls d. Defines Slope c. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. d. c. Trim/Extend b. Slope c. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. TAB b. True b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. profile 2. False 5. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. pick d. a. Walls. Footprint b. Add Slope b. place a check mark next to: a. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Activate Slope 9. ENTER 4. face b. Turn slopes on or off. Change the direction of the slope. a. extrusion. a. A compound roof contains layers. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Expand/Contract 6. sketch. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. True b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Footprint. Roofs can be created using ______. Footprint b. Create an opening. SHIFT c. Footprint. Change the direction of the roof. To add a slope to a roofline. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Create Slope d. Cut/Lengthen c. Extrusion d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 7. a. 10. ______ or _______. True b. you use: a. Face 3. lines c. b. extrusion. a. a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Sketch. Sketch c.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create filled regions.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create slope annotations. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Lesson Plan 1.

A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. the kitchen. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. the location of special equipment. After completing this lesson. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are used to examine the roof.Sections and Elevations . Elevations are derived from the floor plan. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. floor. In a residential building. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. In a commercial structure. and tool racks. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and special equipment. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. bathrooms. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . List the information provided by an exterior elevation. cabinetry. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements.

engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and Language Arts. Technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 .

s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.Sections and Elevations . framing. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). across its narrower dimension. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. on the long axis of the building.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. and are properly cross-referenced. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. t Cross or transverse sections. and foundation plans. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values.

unnecessary. and steel.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. full. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. partial. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s The position relationship between different elements. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). such as doors and windows.Sections and Elevations . For larger elevations.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.

reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. bushes. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. this is reversed. and then the name of the material. For example. For a wood structure. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. For siding. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. however. shadows. quantity. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. You may. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. South. With interior elevations. cars. people. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. followed by any additional information about spacing." Mfr. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. The size of the object is listed first. Unnecessary Information Shades. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. Therefore. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. or methods of installation. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and so forth. the titles assigned (North. East.

and types of finish materials used. Hinges are concealed. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. or decorative patterns. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. This is more costly than regular overlay. chamfers. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. dishwashers. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. or a baseboard. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. and lip. wood. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. flush overlay. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. This is usually done using a topset. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. It may have curves. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. The trim is usually glued into place. and special equipment such as toilets. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. or MDF. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. other openings. windows. or linoleum) and the wall. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Molding is normally decorative in nature. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. tile. casements. Molding is usually made of plaster. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. shelf arrangements. which is a formed pressboard.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". The wood is placed vertically against the wall. doors. and materials used. coving. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. and other appliances. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame.Sections and Elevations . doors and direction of door swings.

which you can then add to a sheet. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Create and add notes to a detail section. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. This automatically creates the section view in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Change the section head. s Add slope annotations. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create an interior elevation. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout.

the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. like an elevation. and Language Arts. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Technology. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. A section is a horizontal view. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Once created.Sections and Elevations . 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

provided its crop region intersects the view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . For example. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. or other section view.

If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view. When you create a section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. the slope of this roof is 2:12. tracing over the existing elements. such as anchor bolts and siding. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. The slope is the ratio rise:run. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. s Add structural details. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. So. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. In the example shown. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add detail notes. In a set of construction documents. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Add breaklines as needed. Details are crucial for effective construction. Slope is also referred to as pitch. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Once you create the detail section. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12.

try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

Sections and Elevations s 311 . select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the file ADA_Sections. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. click Section. 2. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The Section command is available from the View tab. Create panel. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 3. The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. On the View tab. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 4. Create a Section View 1. The completed exercise 6.

The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. With the section line selected. 2. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. 3. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The actual location is not critical. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. This is called the crop region. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. Section Properties 1. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. and it has control grips to resize it.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.

Save the file as Unit8_section1. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. When you drew the section line. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 7. The section view updates. In this exercise.rvt. In the Properties palette.4. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. you automatically created a section view. Sections and Elevations s 313 . change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. 5. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 6. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Clear Crop Region Visible.

enter Open Arrow. In this exercise. Several section head families are available. Section Head . The view does not change. In the Type Properties dialog box.No Arrow. For Name. 2. On the Manage tab. 3. click Duplicate. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Load from Library panel. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. and Section Head . 7.Sections and Elevations . 6.1 point Filled.Filled. Settings panel. Select Section Head-Open. They include Section Head . Click OK. On the Insert tab. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.rvt.rfa. 4. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. click Load Family. 5. Click Open to load the family. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.

In the Section Tag field. 13.rvt. 14. 12. enter Open Arrow. 9. Save as Unit8_section_open. 10. select Open Arrow. 11. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. In this exercise. For Section Head. Sections and Elevations s 315 .Open. Click Duplicate. click Edit Type. select Section Head . No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. On the Properties palette. For Name. The section head updates to the new head type. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.8. Select the section line. Click OK.

Sections and Elevations . 2. 5. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. On the View tab. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. On the Options Bar. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Create panel. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. This is a building section. 4. 3. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. click Callout. Use the image below for guidance. select the border of the callout.rvt. 6. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. To reposition the callout head.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise.

3. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. detail components. region patterns. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Annotate tab. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Draw panel. 1. Line is selected automatically.7. select Chain. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. On the Options Bar. 2. You can add detail lines. On the Properties palette. Detail panel. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Sections and Elevations s 317 . You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. but not strongly. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. 8. 4. as shown. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. click Region > Filled Region.

6. Click OK. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .5. 7.Sections and Elevations . For Name. On the Properties palette. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Modify. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. enter Earth. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Select the upper and right side lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.

which are visible only in the view where they are placed. On the Place Detail Component tab. On the Mode panel. Detail panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Click OK. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.Section. From the Fill Pattern list. the pattern becomes visible.rfa. select Finish (green check). Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. 1. Click Open. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. If you zoom in closer. On the Annotate tab. click Load Family. 2. 3. Sections and Elevations s 319 .8. 9.

Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. From the Type Selector.Sections and Elevations . Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 5. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK. In the Specify Types dialog box.

6. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. select Plywood. Add another Detail Component. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 8. Using the image below for guidance. 7. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list.

set the Thickness to 3/4". Place the component similarly to the image below. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . Click Component > Detail Component. 12. Use the image below for guidance. On the Properties palette. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 11.9. 10. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. This component represents the subflooring. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type Selector. select anchor bolt. Select the vertical plywood.

14. Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector. select Lap Siding. select Multiple. Add another Detail Component. Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. On the Modify panel of the context tab.13. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall.

15. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Detail panel. Save the file. 16. select Wide Lines. 2.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. Add Detail Lines 1. From the Line Style Selector. click Detail Line. Start at the end of the siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.

Zoom out. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.3. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 4. Still using Wide Lines. 5.

identified as Wall material 1. 7. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click Edit in the Structure field. you show the gypsum board in the wall. click Insulation. Click Modify. 10.6. 2. 8. Add Insulation 1. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes.Sections and Elevations . Detail panel. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Next. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 9. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Save the file. On the Annotate tab. Right-click. Select the wall so it highlights. select the Material field in row 3. The wall display updates.

select Break Line. click Component > Detail Component. 3. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Your view should resemble the image shown. 1. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.2. From the Type Selector. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.

4. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 5. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. You place another breakline. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The view should resemble the image shown. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). detail lines. Save the file. 6. The Detail Component tool is still active.Sections and Elevations . you created a detail section view and added filled regions. 7. In this exercise. To complete the detail. and detail components to it. Place the breakline as shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

With nothing selected in the view. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. quantity. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The size of the object is listed first. To add notes. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 2.rvt. or methods of installation. weatherproofing. The border around the view will disappear. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 1. s Clear Annotation Crop. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.

4" WEATHERING. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. leader arrow as shown. From the Type list. 10. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. As you pull your cursor to the right. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. click Text. On the Format panel. insulation. Move the pointer up 11. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 12. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall.4. 9. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. R13. Text panel. 7. 8. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Finally. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . click Two Segments. 6. 5.Sections and Elevations . Architectural standards favor aligned notation.

20. 17.13.C. as the second line of text. 16. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. 15.C. CONT is short for Continuous. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 19. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the baseboard.. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. . O. or wood treated with preservative against rot. is an acronym for On Center. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 5/8" GWB . Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 18.. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.C. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.TYPE X. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 14. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.

you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 21.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. Click ENTER to start a second line. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . 23. In this exercise.

Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Highlight your title block. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. click Load. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 5. or elevation view. In the Project Browser. 3. highlight Sheets. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click Open. Click OK to exit the dialog box. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. The new sheet becomes the current view. Locate the A-Landscape. Right-click. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. you will want to add the views to a sheet. and locate the detail view on it. In this exercise. 2. 6. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 4. Click New Sheet. section.

select view Detail at Foundation. click Show Crop Region. Select a Level Line. 8. Drag it to the right.Sections and Elevations . 9.7. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Click the control at its left end. click Hide Crop Region. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Both Level ends will move together. close to the crop border. On the View Control Bar. On the View Control Bar. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. In the Project Browser.

Click Rename. In the Project Browser. highlight the new sheet. In this exercise. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Sections and Elevations s 335 . 12. For Number. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Click Zoom to Fit. For Name.rvt. enter S. Right-click.301. 11. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. s Modified the label values in the title block.10. 13. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. Click OK.

Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 4. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. and west. 2. Right-click. s Add slope indication for roof. four elevation views are included: north. When you create a project with a template. 2. east. s Add material notes. s Set the display for building components as needed. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Click Zoom to Fit. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 3. south. Open ADA_Elevations. s Add any necessary dimensions. It is defined by the green dotted line.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 5. Select Elevations. Click OK. Click the Annotations tab. 6. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. The elevation markers are now visible. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).Sections and Elevations .

On the Annotations tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Planting. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the View Control Bar. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 3. On the Modelling tab. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 4. clear Sections. Sections and Elevations s 337 .2. Next. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view.

In Surface Pattern. 12. 9. click Edit Type. modified its display. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and modified the wall display characteristics.Exterior Stucco. Click the button that displays to select a material. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. It will be identified as Condo . Select the Material field for Layer 1.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. On the Properties palette. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. 8. 10. select Edit in the Structure field. Select the wall. click to open the list. Select Sand. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. you activated an elevation view. 11.7. 13.

quantity. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.rvt. 3. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first. 2. In the Type Selector. Add a note for the stone wall. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Add a note for the foundation. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Set the Leader type to One Segment.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. or methods of installation. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 5. 4.

7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .6. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . 9. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the roof.

enter 1/8". 2. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 4. Sections and Elevations s 341 . On the Options Bar. 6. click Spot Slope. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Click to select the roof line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. from the Slope Representation list. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. For Offset from Reference. select Triangle. 1. Dimension panel.rvt. 5.

Sections and Elevations .7. Dimension panel. 10. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. 9. Click to locate the slope indicator. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 11. Click to select the roof line. On the Annotate tab. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. click Aligned. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.

select wall breaks and levels.rvt.12. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Sections and Elevations s 343 . In this exercise. leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. The west elevation now contains material notes. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown. 14. and vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. 13. Arrange notes. and dimensions for clarity. slope indicators.

Click Open View. 2. This view was already defined in the drawing. In this exercise. kitchens. Right-click. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms.Sections and Elevations . locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. equipment rooms.rvt. and cabinetry. special closets. Highlight the view.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. In the Project Browser. Click Find Referring Views. 3. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. dimensions.

Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. click Aligned. On the Annotate tab. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Sections and Elevations s 345 . 7. click OK. Dimension panel. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Right-click.4. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. 5. 6. Clear Use Project Settings. s s s s Click Duplicate. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. In the Name box. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view.

Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. In this exercise. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations .9. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. detail the interior section. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Using the Text and Dimension tools. You modified a dimension style.rvt. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.

s Create filled regions. Walls c. it depends. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create material annotations. Nobody in Charge d. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Indicate the location of doors and windows. 2. b. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. True b. b. The direction the structure is facing. Not in Contract c. a. is always the true orientation. All of the above 5. Either one. such as north. General Questions 1. d. All of the above. Not in Concrete b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 3. Cabinetry d. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . c. 4. s Create slope annotations. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The orientation of the exterior elevation. The direction the viewer is facing. Show the relationships between elements. c. s Create a section view.

False 5. 4. b and c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Sun and Shadow b. Right-click. click Sheet Composition > View. North 3. Click Add View. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The boundaries of the view. East b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. a. d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. but not a 6. South d. On the View tab. you use: a. Which elevation is it? a. The height of the view. a. West c. True b. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . d. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. False 2. b. Element properties c. c. True b. The dotted line indicates: a. The Visual Style of the view. The detail level of the view. b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations.

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . Review Schedules. Lesson Plan 1. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 5. s Export a schedule. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Reformat a schedule. 4. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Load a schedule tag. 6.

you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. After completing this lesson. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

Technology. This lesson relates to science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and thickness. width. and math standards.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and Language Arts. engineering. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. height. technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. such as reference number. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. About Schedules s 351 .

Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.Schedules . each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. There are different types of schedule tables. the same primary information is included. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. However. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Instance. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. depending on the style of the architectural firm.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

However. and A for appliances. E for electrical. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Using the software. A circle. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. To clarify the reading of the floor plan.Schedules . window. hexagon. The following image shows door. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Like schedules. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Other letters are P for plumbing.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. s Add room tags. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules list items such as doors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. materials. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. rooms. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Schedules s 355 . equipment. Technology. and Language Arts. Project templates include preset schedules. windows. s Create a room schedule. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. hardware. and math standards. s Export a schedule.

rvt. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Schedules . and you set the schedule to display totals.

The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Click Add. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Level. select Comments. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. and Width. In Available Fields. Add Count. Height. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Continue to add fields to the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Type Mark. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 4.s Window Tag 5. Select Windows from the list. 3. On the View tab. Schedules s 357 . 6. 7. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed.

Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. from left to right.Schedules . Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to finish the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Select the fields.8. 9. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

1. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Schedules s 359 . From the Sort By list. Select Blank Line. but without any useful calculations yet.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. select Type Mark. 2.

you can have the schedule report this. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. in the Then By sorting field. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 3. 1. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 2. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. click the schedule name.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 4. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.Schedules . Rather than make a manual calculation. Notice how the schedule has changed. select Level. for Sorting/ Grouping. In order to calculate the total number of windows. In the Project Browser. click Edit. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . in this case). clear Itemize Every Instance. On the Properties palette. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting.

select Footer. From the list. click Edit 7. select Title. The totals for each window type now display. 6. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. and Totals. s Set the schedule to display category totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.5. Schedules s 361 . for Sorting/ Grouping. Count. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.rvt.

One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.Schedules . Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.rvt. floor type. Locate the file named Room Tag. occupancy.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 2. click Room > Room. On the Home tab. Room size. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Open. 3. 5. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 4. In this exercise. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. ceiling type. based on the amount of space in each room. Room & Area panel.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.

click Room > Room Separation Line. 8. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. and in the hall as shown. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. On the Home tab. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room.In the Type Selector. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 6. Room & Area panel. Schedules s 363 . a total of 7.

13. Place a room tag below the room separation line. click Room. s Change the word Room to Manager. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 10. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. The room tag updates. 12. On the Room & Area panel. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Click Modify. 11. s Click the Room text. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Select Room #2.9. An edit box activates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. The area value for Room 7 updates.

s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Schedules s 365 . In this exercise. for Name.rvt. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. you: s Loaded a room tag. 15.14. On the Properties palette. s Added a room separation. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Tagged various objects.

3. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the View tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays.rvt. Click OK. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Click Add--> after each selection. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. For Name.Schedules . The completed exercise 5. In the Available Fields pane. select Number. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 6. Create panel. and Area to be included in your schedule. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 4. 2. Name. Create a Room Schedule 1. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Set the Sort By value to Number. enter Square Footage Report.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.

s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 9. s Set Units to Square Feet. clear Use Project Settings. 10.7. Click OK. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Number field. Change the Heading to No. s Click Field Format. Schedules s 367 . s Set Alignment to Right. In the Format dialog box. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 8. Select Grand Totals. Highlight the Area field. Click the Formatting tab.

12. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise. you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.rvt. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Click OK to exit the dialog box.11. s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules .

Using your Windows Explorer. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. You can then use this file in other applications. 4. 3. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 6. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.txt) file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 2. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. locate the file you created. Schedules s 369 .rvt. On the application menu. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. The file is created. Note the formatting that has been applied. Double-click it to open it. Click Save. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Browse to a directory to save your report. Click OK. 5. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. you export the room schedule to a text file.

370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. In this exercise. 8.Schedules .7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.

c. b. s Export a schedule. s Place a schedule tag. None of the above. A list of information that defines specific building objects. True b. Quantity c. Type b. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Matrix d. 2. A list of sheets used in a project. True b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Questions 1. you learned to: s Create a schedule. a. False 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Instance 3. s Reformat a schedule. What is a schedule table? a. a. s Load a schedule tag. d.

View c. Application menu d. a. TXT b. XLS c. Modify 2.Schedules . Annotate tab b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.Revit Architecture Questions 1. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To export a schedule. View tab c. use the ____ . CSV d. a. Annotate b. Home d. Manage tab 3.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Review Visualization. 3. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 2. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.

Visualization . Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Play a walkthrough. and Language Arts. or camera on a path. s Export a walkthrough. s Add planting components. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Place a camera. you create a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Assign materials. Engineering. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Apply shading to a view. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson. Technology. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Finally. s Create and edit a walkthrough. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Export a DWG file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Export an FBX file. s Create a raytrace rendering.

The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Assign materials. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. You worked on animations. courseware datasets. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_custom_family. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows.rvt. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. s s 2.

6. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Stud. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Select any exterior wall. Right-click. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 5. Select one of the exterior walls. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 4. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.Visualization . The wall display updates. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls now display layers of materials. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. All the exterior walls highlight in blue.3.

10. In addition to using the control arrows. Open the Default 3D view. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select Site: Grass. Visualization s 377 . Click OK. 8. you can: s s s 9. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Click Change wall's orientation. Repeat the process for the windows. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select the toposurface object. Select walls. Right-click. On the Properties palette.7.

This will filter the file list. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 3. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. for Files of type. click Import > Import. 2. In the Select File to Import dialog box. and click Open. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Click OK in any notices and warnings. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .FBX). Save the file as Unit10_Export. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.Visualization . Select the Roof. Depending on your system resources. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Note the file location.11.rvt. you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to FBX 1. select Autodesk (*. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. click Export > FBX. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. 12.

In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. There is no way to update it from Revit.4. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Open or return to Revit. Depending on your system resources. you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to DWG 1. Close the file without saving.rvt. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. On the application menu. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. click Next. Visualization s 379 . 3. Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. 2. open Unit10_Export. If necessary. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design.

rvt. If necessary.Visualization . 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select two windows as shown. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Select the file name. click References > File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. In the File Link Manager .4. 9. 6. click File. On the application menu. Open or return to Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Click Open. Close the File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export. 8. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Attach This File. Open 3ds Max Design. 7.max. 5.

Open the 3D view. Save the file. 11. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 12. 13.10. Save the export file using the same name as before. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. The windows have updated. Visualization s 381 .

Visualization . Open or return to 3ds Max Design. The linked file updates. 15. s Changed a material definition.14. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Close the File Link Manager. Open the File Link Manager. s Oriented walls and windows. The windows have changed. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Click Reload. Open the Files tab. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.

Create panel. On the View tab. Place a Camera 1. as shown. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. If you place the camera too close to the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. you place a camera in a model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. 2. and create a second rendering. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. change materials. generate a rendering. Open Unit10_Export. 3.rvt. click Camera. Open the Site view. Visualization s 383 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In this exercise. add plantings to the model.

select Very Few Clouds.Visualization . The camera will be visible. On the View Control Bar.4. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. The camera perspective view opens. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 5. If necessary. Click Show Camera. Right-click. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Return to the perspective view. Open the Site view again. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. click Show Rendering Dialog. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 6. 2. Render Setup 1. 7. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.

Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Enhance the Model 1. Open the Site view. Visualization s 385 . s Click Render. Model Site panel. Output Settings. and Lighting.3. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . click Site Component. Click Render. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 2. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Open view 3D View 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. On the Massing & Site tab. 3.30' approximately as shown.

6. click Save to Project. 4. and you can now select elements for editing. On the Properties palette. In the Layer 1 Material field. click Edit Type. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Save to Project dialog box. click Show the Model. In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Revit places the image in its own view. On the Properties palette. 5. select Roofing . Select the roof. 2. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click OK. Select an exterior wall. 5.4. click Edit Type.Visualization . In the Materials list. Change Materials 1. In the Rendering dialog box.Wood Shake. 3.

10. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click the Render Appearance tab. 7.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . 8. 9. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace.

16.rvt. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. The new image is placed in its own view.11. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. s Created a raytrace setup.Visualization .Brick Uniform Running Brown. 13. 15. Save the file as Unit10_render. s Generated and captured a second render image. click Render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 12. Select Masonry . In the Rendering dialog box. click Save to Project. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 14. Click OK. s Edited materials in model components. In the Rendering dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model. In this exercise.

The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The camera and path can be edited.rvt. In this exercise. s Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. s Edit the camera and path. Create panel. Click Zoom Out (2x).Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Open Unit10_render. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Visualization s 389 . The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. click to the left of the model as shown. click 3d View > Walkthrough. To place a key frame. The cursor changes to a crosshair. or frame. Each view. 3. s View the animation in a media player. 2. rendered. s Right-click again. s On the View tab. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. and exported individually. 4. in a project model. Open floor plan view Level 1. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. or walkthroughs. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.

Walkthrough panel. Select the direction control for the camera. Drag it to the left. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Repeat for all the key frames. 10. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Walkthrough panel. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 6. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The camera is located on the final key frame. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab.5. 8. click Finish Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 11. On the Modify | Cameras tab.Visualization . 7. The Options Bar changes. click Edit Walkthrough. 9. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.

Edit the Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 391 . If camera positions distort. From the Controls list. Click Edit Walkthrough. 3. click Next Key Frame. Drag the path away from the model as shown. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. 13. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. select Path. The path displays control dots at key frames. 2. Check the view in several key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the Walkthrough panel.12. Click Open.

In the Length/Format dialog box. File Name.Visualization . The walkthrough plays in the view window.rvt. 2. Export the Walkthrough 1. click OK. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 4. In the Video Compression dialog box. On the application menu. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 2. Click Save. Click OK. 3. Revit generates the external AVI file. notice where you save the file. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. select a video compression method to hold down file size.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click Play.

5. 6. Plan your class time accordingly. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Visualization s 393 . Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player.

If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization .7.

Flip Orientation d. a. Export > FBX 3. Save As > FBX c. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Split b. Demolish 2. View > Shading d. s Create a raytrace rendering. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. True b. s Add planting components. you use: a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. True b. s Place a camera. False Summary/Questions s 395 . False 2. s Assign materials. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Apply shading to a view. Questions 1. Print to File b. True b. s Export an FBX file.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Play a walkthrough. a. s Export a DWG file. you use: a. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Align c.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

5. and braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. 2. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. beam systems. foundations. beams and braces. 6. beams. In the following exercises. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 4.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. Review structural columns.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 .

posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.Structural . and other structural elements will be located in a building. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. For example.

About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house.

walls.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects. especially columns. Knowing where structural members. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

After completing this lesson. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Place beam systems and braces. Structural s 401 .Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Create column grids. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids.

wood.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors.Hide Category. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. On the View Control Bar. Select a floor. 1. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. On the Build panel of the Home tab. 2. As with columns. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. They come in types defined by size and shape. beams can be steel. Beams connect columns or walls. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. this is known as post and beam construction. or reinforced concrete. Structural columns can be steel. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. In residential construction. often mainly glass. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. spans without walls. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. In this exercise. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Open Deck Framing.Structural . Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. wood. 3. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. or concrete. click Column > Structural Column.

Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 7. On the Options Bar. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Structural s 403 . The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". In the Type Selector. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 5. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 6.4. and 4B. On the View Control Bar. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Depth. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 3A. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 8. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A.

Place Beams 1. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9".9. In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 2. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Right-click. double-click view Framing Cutaway.Structural . Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click Hide In View > Element. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. 10. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). The columns are now hidden by the floors. and columns clearly. Click OK. Open Plan View Deck Framing. rail. Click OK. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 11.

select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s In the view window. Click.3. On the Options Bar. click Beam. On the Structure tab. Structure panel. 5. To place beams: Structural s 405 . 4. In the Type Selector.

Structural . 6. Click. On the Properties palette. Click. Click Modify. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

click Make Wall Bearing. Click on grid intersection B4. Structure panel. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. On the Properties palette. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. 9. Click. In this exercise. 11. Save the file as Deck Beams.rvt.8. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click Modify. Click OK. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. 12. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structural s 407 . as shown. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Beam. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection.

click No. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Click the beam on Grid 1. Open Deck Beams.Structural . click Beam System.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. The completed exercise 5. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. you: s Place beam systems. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Structure panel. or number of beams in a bay. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. In this exercise. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Pick Supports. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 2.rvt. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. 3. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. distance. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. On the Structure tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. s Place braces. click Sketch Beam System. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 4. Place Beam Systems 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. click Line. Structural s 409 . as shown. 7.6. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

click Pick Supports.2". click Create Similar. On the Properties palette. click Line. Trim as necessary. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Finish (green check). set Elevation to -0'-9". Click Finish. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. 11. Click the beam on Grid 2.Structural . On the Mode panel. On the Properties palette. 10.6". s s On the Draw panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s 9.8. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s s s On the Draw panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.

In the Project Browser. Structure panel. as shown. Adjust the view crop region as shown. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. It has an automatic work plane. 4. Click to place the elevation. 5. 3. On the View tab. 2. click Brace.Place Braces 1. On the Structure tab. Create panel. On the View Control Bar. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Structural s 411 . unlike regular elevations. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Open Plan View Deck Framing.

Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left. 9. In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the Type Selector. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .6. 8. 7.Structural . Click Modify. to start the brace.

10. In this exercise.rvt. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. 11.

but they can also be angular and radial. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Grid datasets. click in the lower left to start a grid line. beams. and section views. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. You can change a grid number at any time. In this exercise. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s In the view window. Datum panel. click Grid. and walls. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The exact length is not critical. as shown. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. The exact location is not critical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. The numbering automatically increments. Pull the cursor straight up. In plan views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. 2. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. elevation. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views.Structural .

Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to start another grid line. Click to place a new grid line. 4. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active.3.

To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Click to start a grid line. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . close to the heads. Pull the cursor to the left.Structural . When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s Select Grid Line 2. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0".5. Repeat to create grid line 4. The new grid line is number 5. click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. Pull the cursor to the right. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Press ENTER. click Copy. The new grid line will be number 3. 6. Enter A at the keyboard. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. 7.

s Click to place the grid line. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.1. Change the number to 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This grid line will be number B. s Select grid 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. On the grid line. Structural s 417 . Click in the bubble for the new grid line. 9.1 is still selected. Grid 2. 10. 11. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.8. s Click Copy. The Grid tool is still active. click the elbow control to place an offset. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. This completes the main grid.

s s Click grid intersection D3. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.000 o . On the Draw panel. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. set Offset to 15'-0". Change the number to EE. s Click to start the grid line. Click to place the grid head. enter 15. On the Options Bar. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Click in the new grid bubble. click Pick. Create panel. Press ENTER. click Radius. 4. 3.Structural .Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Draw panel. click Grid. In the Radius field. The Grid tool is still active. select Center-Ends Arc. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit.

Select grid 3 to show its controls. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Structural s 419 . You will need to identify it easily. 7. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click to place grid FF. 6. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together.5. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s 10. click Mirror . s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. click Create Similar.rvt. 11. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 31. s Click grid intersection D3. Zoom to Fit. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Click to place the grid line. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Select grid 3.Pick Axis. s In this exercise.Structural .8. Revit will create grid 32. Enter 31 to change the name. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.000. Press ENTER. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. 9.

s Change a grid layout. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structural s 421 . s Add footings to columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s 3. 2. In this exercise. click Column > Structural Column. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. In the Type Selector. As a result. you typically create a grid. s Use a column grid to place beams. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. This is a steel column. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Now you place columns at grid intersections.

3. On the Multiple panel. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .s s On the Options Bar. 5. In the Multiple panel. A. B. set Height to Level 3. click At Grids. 6. 2. 4. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 4. click Finish. C and D. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.

Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 4. click Finish. Window-select all the grid lines. Zoom to Fit. 5. and beams will move to the right. 3. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Beam. On the Multiple panel. Click Grid 1. On the Multiple panel. 2. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Structural s 423 . columns. The grid. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. click On Grids. Open Floor Plan Level 2.

4. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. window-select all the columns. Open the Default 3D view. Click Redo. click Isolated. On the Multiple panel. In the view window. 1. On the Quick Access toolbar. On the Multiple panel. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click Undo.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click At Columns. click Finish. 2. 6. 3.Structural . click No.

Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click OK. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool.5. To change the size of the footing. A warning displays. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 6. The footing changes size. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. s On the Properties palette. The footing had been placed at Level 1. 7. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18".

s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file. In this exercise.8.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

Structural . using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Change a grid layout.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Use a column grid to place columns. All of the above. Beam d. s Add footings to columns. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Column b. 2. True b. Questions 1. s Place beam systems. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place braces. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Brace c.

Flip Orientation d. 2. you use: a. b. When placing columns or beams. Select the type of beam or column to place. d. True b. All of the above. you can: a. If you relocate a grid line. a. b.Structural . d. Properties c. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Pick points. you: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. To change the height of a column.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You cannot change a column's height after you place it. True b. Select a beam type and define the system layout. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 5. A and B. A but not B. a. 3. Stretch b. False 4. c. To create a beam system.

Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Director. Susan Harrington . Smith . South Division High School. Ltd.iteaconnect.org Project Lead the Way.Executive Director. CA Ronald A Williams.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Milwaukee. International Technology Education Association www. Copyright s 431 . WI Roger Dohm . Poway. PE .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Randy Dymond.Teacher. Poway High School. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Instructor. Inc. Starkweather . Mathematics. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.

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