Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints.When sketching walls. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

Other building elements such as doors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. You can add building elements in plan. roofs. furniture. stairs.Software Tools . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. elevation.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. floors. section. windows. and 3D views.

windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. or at any time after. In the illustration shown.

Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .If the left side wall is moved. all the windows obey their constraints. In essence.

s Constrain placement of objects. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. technology. engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). s Place a predefined Mass family. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Engineering. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project.

and curtain systems. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. roofs. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. and then converted into building components such as floors. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or masses.Software Tools . Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. such as distance requirements from roadways. Masses can be edited in many ways.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. owner. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. walls. size. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. quickly. A designer. There are mass families available to load into a project. you can create in-place masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. or within.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. walls. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Technology. Engineering. legends. s Explain the use of dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Annotation includes text notes. and math standards. s Recognize temporary dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. engineering. and symbol heads. Math (STEM). tags. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Each symbol family file (*.rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Permanent dimensions can be linear. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or angular. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.

z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Engineering. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Work with tool buttons. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Open and use ribbon tabs. and Language Arts.Software Tools . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. and math standards. and Options Bar. technology. the Type Selector. engineering. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

for instance. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. and rooms.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Its position is fixed. beams. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. windows. doors. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 . Some commands will not be active (that is.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

symbols. and foundations. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. trusses. and text. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. columns.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . slabs. structural walls. detailing.

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Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

Context tabs display as you work. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. and parameters. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste.Software Tools . materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Open. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Save. and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. sheets. schedules.Software Tools . Legends. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. families. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and groups. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. with four elevation markers visible.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

rendering (in 3D views). sun settings. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. shadow display. level of detail. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. Windows panel on the ribbon. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . A check mark indicates it is visible.Software Tools .The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. visual style. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. cropping. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.

View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. To change the scale of a view. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.

Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line is the default. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time. which can be according to the view. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. sun and shadow intensity. Display and Navigation s 47 . You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

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shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Crop region selected.Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. along with other display settings. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . These controls. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Manage and Modify. Massing & Site. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Collaborate. Display and Navigation s 55 . Annotate. Structure. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Nine tabs are available: Home. Insert. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. To activate or open a view. View.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

showing options that you can select while you are working. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. If you select items in the view window. Display and Navigation s 57 . When a context tab is active.Context Tabs. Properties Palette. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it.

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When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

Export. On the right is a list of recently opened files. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open. File Save. New File. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. the application menu. Click a file name to open that file. Print. Display and Navigation s 65 . and Publish. The application menu contains file management controls.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Display and Navigation s 67 . click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. make the Home tab active. 3. On the ribbon.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Do this for other tabs. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. After you have examined each of them. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The panel titles display under the tab titles. If you select the menu option. The completed exercise 4. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. To start a new project. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. or click New > Project from the application menu. 2. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

Icons for panels display below tab titles. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving. you opened a project file. They disappear when you move the cursor away. 7. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. In this exercise. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. 6.Software Tools .5. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then viewed. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

Open quick_start_building_elements. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. doubleclick the view name. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Exercise 2.rvt. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Display and Navigation s 69 . In the Project Browser.

The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. You are selecting everything visible. doors. all the walls. On the Properties palette. 7. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click OK. Click the door in the upper left of the model. and windows highlight blue. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 5. Clear Walls and Doors. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click any interior wall. 8.Software Tools .3. 4. . the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 6.

12. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Display and Navigation s 71 . 10. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.9. On the Properties palette. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. examined the menus and toolbars. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt. 11. In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click any door. you opened a project file. click Create panel > Create Similar. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Place a door as shown.

drafting views. s Load and place component families. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Math (STEM). Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. mechanical equipment). In the exercises. and elevation views by default. Component families include model objects (furniture. ceiling plan. display controls. templates. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. operating settings. and Language Arts. s Work with Revit families. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. Pan. Technology. Engineering. Revit provides floor plan. annotations. either predefined or user-created. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. lines. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. schedules. and 3D views using the View menu. s Create a new in-place family. building elements (walls.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. floors). you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and views. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. System families include levels.Software Tools . You can create sections.

technology.This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering. and math standards.

Use your keyboard to enter VV. is an extensive database. 2. VG also opens the dialog box. 3. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools .rvt. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the Annotation Categories tab. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.Exercise: View Controls A building model. There is no way to see everything in it. Open Unit2_building_elements. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Right-click. The elevation markers disappear from the view. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Click OK. even a small one. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. First. Rightclick in the view window. Four elevation markers are visible. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The display changes.

Right-click. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click Zoom In Region. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Enter ZF. Zoom to Fit. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . There are two parts to an elevation.4. click Detail Level. so be sure to select them both. On the View Control Bar. 7. Select the roof outline. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. 6. Select Detail Level: Medium. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. 5. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Click Open. Right-click. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser.

View Properties 1. Click Zoom to Fit. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. change the Underlay value to None. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. as before. 2. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. doors and windows are not shown. Turn off visibility of the elevations. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. On the Properties palette. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Enter VH. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.8.

Right-click. and where the cut plane sits. Click OK. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. For Name. 4. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. enter Roof.0". Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Next to View Range. click Edit. the ridge is now visible. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click Rename.3. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.

select Still. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shadows On. Set the time to 9:30 am. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In the dialog box that opens. 2. select Winter Solstice. select Shading with Edges. 3. Open Elevation view South. 5. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Presets list. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. 4. Accept the location that activates. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. under Solar Study.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

and place Revit families. This exercise illustrates how you locate. floors. windows. 2. Build panel. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Doors. These components are called families and there are several different types. standard families. Open Unit2_views. In Revit. click Door. s A system family. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. or institutional structures.rvt. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Home tab. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. or stand-alone (for example. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and furniture. doors and windows are dependent on walls). lights. windows. furniture). railings. There are system families. such as levels. and annotations are examples of standard families. commercial. you open an existing project file. walls. is predefined within Revit. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Additionally. and use a Revit family to place a door.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. and families in place. load. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. roofs. Doors are considered standard family entities. You add closet doors to interior walls. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. and so on. and floors. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. 3. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. furniture.Software Tools .

If you highlight a door family. Click the Doors folder. Locate Double Panel 2. It has a number of different sizes defined. Click Open. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. 4. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . As you move your cursor near any wall. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Project files have a file extension of *.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Accept the default size. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. s s 6. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Tag panel. and Annotation. Family files have a file extension of *. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. The Door Insertion tool stays active. You click to place an instance of the door family. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rfa. Furniture.rfa. 5.rvt.

Software Tools . 9. and placed instances of a door family. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Place an instance of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. simply click it. but not strongly. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify.7.rvt. 8. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. loaded. Place two more instances of the door as shown. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. you located.

2. modify a door family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you open an existing project file. For Name. Select the double door as shown. and create an in-place family. click Duplicate. 4. Open Unit2_doors_walls. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 3. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click OK. 5. The required width is not available.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. enter 48" x 80".rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 83 .

Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 1. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. set the Extrusion End value to 6".6. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Home tab. enter Hall Clock. 4. For Name.Software Tools . In the dialog box. The door updates. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 2. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 5. 3. Build panel. On the Properties palette. click Component > Model In-Place. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. select Generic Models. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click OK. is to create a component family in place. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

click Rectangle. On the Draw panel.2". Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 13. and placed a door family. 9. as shown. Click OK. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . The family model updates. You have created the base of the clock. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. loaded. 10. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. you located. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. 7. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 12.6. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).0' 2". Revit will display .4" as shown.rvt. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 11. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 8. In this exercise.

The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.

s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.

Zoom to the entire model. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. a. load. and place a family from a library. False 4. Turn on Shadows. b. The tool shown is used to: a. False 2. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. 6. a. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. s Adjust Visual Style Options. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Either a or b. s Create an in-place model family. Create a 3D perspective view. True b. s Change view displays. s Change type properties of a family. and click Open. a. Views can be renamed.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. and Options Bar. 7. a. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Open different views. b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. To activate a view: a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Zoom in Region is used to: a. s Change view properties. True b. Questions 1. tab. b. True b. Each project has several predefined views. Spin the model in 3D space. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. False 3. c.Software Tools . context tabs. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Right-click. d. c. True b. c. False 5. d. depending on the template selected. s Access. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. d.

Rotate c. Pan and Zoom b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a. a. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Properties palette 10. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. All of the above. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. In-Place d. Multiview b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. A family created within a project is called ________________. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . windows. Scroll d. Parts d. Blocks c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. System c.8. etc.) are called: a. Standard b. Project Browser d. depending on settings 9. Families 11.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Set project units. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . Lesson Plan 1. 3. 8. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 7. 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 6. s Create labels. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create dimension and text styles. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 2. s Duplicate and modify views. s Create a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 4. 5.

you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. and the settings that are preset within them. Explain why templates are used. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Technology. colors.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. defining the layers. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards and Building Codes . and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Many cities and counties have their own rules. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Math (STEM). should be used.org.aias. Visit the AIAS website at www. After completing this lesson. and so forth. linetypes. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . based on the AIA standards. Visit the AIA website at www. linetypes.aia. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. colors. and Language Arts. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.org.

engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.

defined and adopted by convention. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. A garage must be completely enclosed. one window. and so on. For example. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people.Standards and Building Codes . windows. the number being its numerical value. otherwise it is considered a carport. it cannot be called a bedroom. If there is a fire. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. it must have at least one door. a garage. like mechanical drawing. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and one closet. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. If it lacks any of these components. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a common area (such as a living room or family room). doors. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. and so on. A unit is a particular physical quantity. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. a bathroom.

its value is expressed in the unit meter. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Standards and Building Codes s 95 .. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. units are applied to dimensions. and other materials. the construction industry still uses the English. using imperial units. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. or imperial. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Here h is the physical quantity. unit symbol m. unit symbol ft.. is 555 ft. is 169 m. In architectural drafting. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. also known as the International System of Units. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. in the United States. However. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. glass. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Another method is to apply dual notation. such as room size and wall height. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.For example.

) 8. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. line weight and pattern.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). for example 1/8" = 1'-0". If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.Standards and Building Codes . In Revit Architecture. and viewports. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. one value representing another value. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. every 1/8" would represent 1'. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Each size is designated by a letter. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.Scales are ratios. sheets.

An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. symbols. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. elevators. site plan.01. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. You create and position views. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.a modified version of the AIA standard. notes Demolition. and then add a title block or other symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. The integers go from 0 to 9. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.01. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. temporary Schedules Sections.

Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Typically. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. so that the height is less than the width.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the author of the drawing. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. annotation plot sizes. drawing scales. and layer standards. the electrician. the date drawn. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. followed by information on the building's owner. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. that is. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. fonts. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. The paper is oriented landscape. and other relevant information. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. For example. the HVAC company. and so on. The next space is for tracking revisions. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Usually. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. It identifies the drawing with a title or description.Standards and Building Codes . the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The column is divided into sections.

in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. title blocks. required symbols.

Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. and Language Arts. Engineering. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Technology. and walls. views. Math (STEM). you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . dimension styles. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. These can be used to build your model. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. windows.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. In the New Project dialog box. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Select a Template 1. or store. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. 3. On the application menu. you use templates as starting points. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. you create a new project file using a template. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Condominiums. click Browse.Standards and Building Codes . apartments. factory. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. In Revit. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. click New > Project. 2. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise.

Click Open. 5. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. click Close to close this project without saving. Click OK. saving set up time. On the application menu. 6.4. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Select the Residential-Default.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Settings s 103 . In this exercise. you started a new project file using a standard template. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project.

To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. The Wall tool remains active. click Wall. In the Project Browser. the drawing setup options are preset. Click to start a new wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. open ADA__Settings. expand Floor Plans under Views. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values.rvt. Pull the cursor to the right. In the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. s Place the cursor over the left wall. In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Build panel. 2. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1.Standards and Building Codes . Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Press ESC to cancel the wall. The file opens to a 3D view. 3. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. s Set Unit symbol to m. Click Format for Length. Click OK twice to save the setting change. and move the cursor right. Settings s 105 . (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Close the file without saving. Place the cursor over the left wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings.4. Press ESC to cancel the wall. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. 7. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions.) 6. 8. In this exercise. click to start a new wall. 5.

By default. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. but also control the size and location of objects.Standards and Building Codes . On the Properties palette. For Name. Click OK. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. On the Annotate tab. dimensions not only display. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 2. click Edit Type. 1. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. click Duplicate. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Temporary dimensions display when you select. create. In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Dimension panel.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. temporary and permanent. click Aligned. Open ADA_Dimensions.rvt. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. enter Big Text. or insert components. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 3. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . there are two types of dimensions.

The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Select the top. Settings s 107 . s Click OK twice. and bottom horizontal walls. Click to place. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. 7.5. 6. s Set Text Size to 3/16". The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. left.

Note the differences between the two dimension styles. you opened an existing file. Click to place the dimension. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.Standards and Building Codes . 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Close the file without saving. created a new dimension style. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. In this exercise. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. and far right vertical walls.8. upper. The Dimension tool stays active. 9. s s s Select the far left.

open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Right-click. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. 3. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Settings s 109 . and the view window displays the new plan. Notice the door and window tags. In order to do this. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. In the datasets folder.rvt. There are no annotations visible. 2. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.

In the Project Browser. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 5.Standards and Building Codes . 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 1. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. Click OK to update the display of this view. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click Rename. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 8. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 7.4. Click OK. 9. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Double-click to open it. Settings panel. 6. click Project Information. On the Manage tab.

Click OK. Click OK. click Edit. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Enter the address as shown. In the Value column of Project Address. Settings s 111 . 3. You can also enter the address of your school. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. Click New Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window.) 3.Add a Sheet 1. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Rightclick. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 2. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block.

Click Apply. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Notice the change to the title block. Next. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Add a View to the Sheet 1.Standards and Building Codes . It is automatically filled in when you place your views. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 5. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.4. In the Identity Data and Other sections. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

2. Right-click in the view. Settings s 113 . Select Add View to Sheet. Select the new viewport. Select Deactivate View. 4. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Right-click. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 3. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click Activate View.

The view updates on the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Added a sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. of the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. you: select it.5. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.Standards and Building Codes . Place the cursor 7. s Placed a view on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. 6. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Finish the move. Close the file without saving. deselect it.

Click Open. Start Revit Architecture. 2.5.rft. 4. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. It opens to the Recent Files window. A copy of the 11 x 8. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Settings s 115 . Select A-11x8.5 title block template opens. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 3. click New > Titleblock. On the application menu. This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Right-click. 12. click Save to save the title block. 13. Accept the Sample Value. click Close. Click Zoom to Fit. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. s Click Add. On the application menu.Landscape. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 11. 15. select Drawn By. Accept the Sample Value.9. Add a label for Sheet Number.Standards and Building Codes . s Accept the Sample Value. you created a title block using a template file. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 10. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. Add a label for Checked By. In this exercise. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Save the title block as A .rfa. On the Quick Access toolbar. 14.

and then load a custom title block into your project. 5. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Click Open. Insert a Title Block 1. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Locate your title block.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. you create a new project file. In the Recent Files window. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. On the View tab. Highlight the title block and click OK. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 3. 4. 2. Settings s 125 . The title block appears in the graphics window. click New to create a new project using the default template. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list.

you a created a new project file. 2. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Click OK. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. On the Manage tab. On the Properties palette. enter your instructor's name. Click OK. Settings panel. 5. Click OK. enter your name. s For Checked By. 6.Standards and Building Codes . click Project Information. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3. s For Drawn By. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Select the title block. 4. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. enter Student Project Unit 3.

s Families: Load in families you use most often. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. a dimension style. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. On the Insert tab. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. click New > Project. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. such as 3D and plan views. Click OK. settings. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. and slope angle. select Project Template. 2. and the units for your custom template. There are various settings you can define for your template. and then load them like families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. in addition to predefined wall types. including how the rendered image looks. you create a new project file. In the New Project dialog box. Create a Template In this exercise. 3. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. you define the title block. angles. and geometry from the template. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 1. On the application menu. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials.

click Duplicate. For Name. There will be no visible change. On the Manage tab. 7. create a Dimension Style. In the Type Properties dialog box. 8. click Settings panel > Project Units. Open the title block A . You create a custom dimension style.rfa. 6. Click OK. enter 3/16" Verdana. On the Annotate tab. Next. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Set the units for the template. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".Landscape. Click the Length field in the Format column. 10.Standards and Building Codes .4. 5. 9. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK twice.

Click New Sheet. Select the A . 15. Click OK. 12.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click OK. Settings s 129 . Rightclick. Click Dimension panel > Aligned.11. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 14. select Sheets (All). On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. In the Project Browser.

Click OK. Save your project template in your class project folder. title block. You can use this template for future projects.16. Save the file name as A-English template. and units that you defined.Standards and Building Codes . Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . as well as dimension style and units. The title block updates. 17. you created a new template file using a dimension style.rte. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. In this exercise.

Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. abstract format. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. or new combinations of existing materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .

Using AIA Standards. 1:3 b. s Create text. S. UBC c. s Create a title block. s Create labels. General Questions 1. dimension styles. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. A unit 4. and symbols used in drawing? a. s Create a dimension style.Standards and Building Codes .02 b.05 c. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. a. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. Metric d.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A. False 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. NCSESA 2. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Change dimension colors.02 d. True b. 1:12 c. a. A particular physical quantity. a. NCTM d. AIA b. s Create dimensions. An architect b. s Create a template. is defined as what? a. 1:24 d. A. s Change lineweight. P. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. English c. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create a text style. 1:32 5.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Point offsets 3. you click: a. False 6. dimensions snap to: a. True b. In Revit Architecture. False Summary/Questions s 133 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. a. To change the scale of a view. Wall faces b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To set the units in a project. a. Wall centerlines c. Wall midpoints d. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you use: a. True b. To create a new sheet. False 4. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Application menu > Properties b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. By default.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. Lesson Plan 1. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Align walls. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Trim and extend walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 6. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Define a wall structure.

Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. them. or filling in between. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. separate.Walls . 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. After completing this lesson. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. and protect its interior spaces. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. their construction and materials. List the different types of occupancy. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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click it to open an edit field. 4. Click to set the endpoint. Clear the Chain option. indicating wall length. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. a dashed line displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Select the Single Line option. Enter 10. 5. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Walls s 151 . Select Basic Wall: Exterior . To modify a dimension. but it disappears when you begin another action. After you create the wall. Stud. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. As you continue to move the cursor. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. It will not print. the dimension updates incrementally.3. an angular dimension displays.Brick on Mtl. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.

Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. After setting the vertical wall's direction. enter 7. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Select panel. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. On the View Control Bar. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Press ENTER.6. Depending on your zoom in the view. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The wall does not show any internal detail. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. 8. Click the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Create panel. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. click the Detail Level icon. Set the Detail Level to Medium. click Modify to stop placing walls. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Walls tab. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . the controls may sit on top of one another. Click to start the next wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 7. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.

Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. 10. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Because you drew this last wall from down to up.9. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Notice that two dimensions display. Walls s 153 . You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. an alignment line displays. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Click Modify. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Also. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. release the mouse button to set a new length.

This enables you to sketch walls continuously. When using the Chain option. click Wall. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Right-click. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Select the lower vertical wall. On the Home tab. 12. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. This is the same as clicking Modify. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Repeat.Walls . Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 16. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 14.11. 15. Click Cancel. Sketch the walls as shown. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 13. Build panel. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.

Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 19. Walls s 155 . Save the project as Unit4_walls. After clicking the second end. Clear the Chain option. In this exercise. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Modify. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Create Similar again. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 20.18. 17. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.

align. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 3. and extend walls. Both split walls are shown below. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . 4. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.rvt from the previous exercise. Split Walls 1. Click Modify. To do this. Do the same for the vertical wall. trim. This exercise illustrates how to split. you first split the walls at the intersections. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. fillet. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 2. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Only part of the wall highlights.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. You now remove the upper right corner.

Click Fillet Arc. If you make a mistake. Select any wall. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You can also click the flip control. click Create Similar. Walls s 157 .Fillet Walls 1. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 3. 5. On the Options Bar. Enter 5'. click Delete. This is how you create rounded wall corners. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 2. On the Modify | Walls tab. On the Modify | Wall tab. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 4. Modify panel. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. select Radius. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Create panel. click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building.

3.Walls . The Wall tool is still active.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Place an interior wall as shown. select Basic Wall: Interior .6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 2. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 1. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You align the wall in the next steps. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.

s On the Options Bar.4. such as location lines. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. Walls s 159 . The Wall Trim Tool 1. The length is not critical. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Click to create a wall. Pull the cursor straight up. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain.

6. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 5.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 2. This will extend to the border. 4. 3. This will be the border. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. The length is not critical. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The walls can cross. Select the two interior walls in turn.Walls .

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. and trim. fillet.rvt. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. Walls s 161 .

double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 2. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The Modify tool is active by default.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. and vary in cost. 1. In the Project Browser. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. click Edit Type. satisfy different requirements. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.

5.4. click Edit in the Structure value field. 8. Walls s 163 . To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click Up. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. 6. s Click Down twice. the wall structure should be as shown. except Core Boundary. has a Function you can edit. Click OK. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. For Name. 7. s Click the number of Layer 3. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Insert twice. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Every layer of a wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. When you are finished. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. To edit the structure of the wall. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall.

9. 12. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Walls . which displays plan or section views. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. 10. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 13. select Finishes . The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Material. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.Exterior . s Set the Thickness to 5/8".EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. s Set the Material to Finishes . Modify the Function. 11. s Set the Material to Wood . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Stud Layer. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Interior Gypsum Wall Board. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.

14. 16. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 15. Click Apply to update the view. 17. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. In the Project Browser. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. On the Properties palette. select Medium. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. expand the Families branch. From the Detail level list. Walls s 165 . Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected.

20. You opened an existing file. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. From the Type Selector list.Walls . All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Expand Walls > Basic Wall. Close the file without saving. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.18. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Right-click 8" Exterior. 19. defined a new wall structure. In this exercise.

The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Stud walls as shown. and a decorated interior surface. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You can define a wall type with these elements. 2. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The model opens in a 3D view. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. In this exercise.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Select one of the Exterior . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. 3. such as a weatherproof outside surface. a structural mid-section. wood rails. you create and modify vertically compound walls. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.rvt.Brick on Mtl. for example.

highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. into regions. When you split a layer. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 8.Walls . click Edit. so all instances of this type change. 1. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 6. You change the type. If not already expanded. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. To split a layer or region vertically. either horizontally or vertically. 2. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Click Split Region.4. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. highlight one of the borders. As indicated in the dialog box title. 7. You can split regions into other regions. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 5. In this exercise. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. To split a layer or region horizontally. You can set the sample height to any value. in the Structure value field. Wall structures are Type Properties. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. To define the structure of the wall. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. You can assign different materials to regions. or you will lose your changes. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure.

Click to merge the two layers. The upper split disappears. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. assign Layer 1. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click Merge Regions. After merge. Walls s 169 . 3. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. since both regions are composed of the same layer. 4. 2. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click to split the region into two parts. 1.Brick layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to merge them. Prehighlight a border between regions.3. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. When you merge regions. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. In this case. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.

Click the arrow to observe the behavior. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click Insert. Click the temporary dimension text. In the Edit dialog box. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Change the value to 12. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 1. Next. 2. 4. 3. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. If you set the split offset down from the top. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". The dimension text turns blue. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up.Walls . 1. Click again to return to the original position. s Select the split line. After a region is split. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Press ENTER. instead of down. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. to the next parallel line. indicating that it is modifiable.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. 2. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. click Modify.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. To create a new wall layer. 3. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.

Brick Soldier Course layer. because it is now the selected layer.4. Click Assign Layers. 7. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. Walls s 171 . Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. as shown. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. 9. All walls of this type have been changed. When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK. Merge Region. 5. 10. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 6. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. It immediately highlights in blue. Change the Material to Masonry . It also shows a thickness value. and Insert Layer tools. The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Split Region. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click OK. Modify. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 8.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.Walls . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and insulation.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. and protected. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. piping. ducting. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. earth. installed.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. but also the natural lighting. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the ventilation. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Doors and Windows .

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

7 sq. if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.Doors and Windows . must be provided by the window being used as an egress. The height can be no less than 24".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. An unobstructed opening of 5. ft. the width can be no less than 20".

and furniture are defined in family files. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Doors and Windows s 187 . Components such as doors. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and copy these elements. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Center a door in a wall. technology. s Copy windows. This lesson relates to science. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Technology. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you learn how to place doors and windows. and how to position. and math standards. move. Engineering. In this unit. how to load additional door and window families. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. engineering. windows.

Once a door is placed. This can be done in a plan view. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view. the door swing would be to the left side. 3.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations.Doors and Windows . or 3D view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Build panel. On the Home tab. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. To reverse the swing. To flip the door. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. click Door. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. In other words. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Add Doors 1.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. When placing doors in a plan view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.

Mode panel. walls.Load Families 1. and windows into project files. With the Door command active. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. In order to keep file size small. on the Modify | Place Door tab. 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". except for the Type Selector. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Doors and Windows s 189 . The display does not change.rfa. Select the door Double-Panel 2. 3. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. From the Type Selector list. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Click Open. click Load Family.

The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.4. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".Doors and Windows . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. If necessary. From the Type Selector.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. simply click it and enter the correct value.6. Remember. Do not add the dimensions. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. or by using the swing control arrows. change a temporary dimension. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.rvt.

click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. elevation view. On the Home tab. When placing windows in a plan view. approach the wall from the right side. or 3D view.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Add Windows 1. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Windows have exterior and interior sides. click Modify and select the window. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. the outside of the window is to the left side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. 2. You can place windows in a plan view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Build panel. From the Type Selector. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Open Unit5_doors. click Window.

Window tags do not number in sequence.rvt. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. placed doors. Place seven more windows as shown.3. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. You do not need to add dimensions. and placed windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you opened an existing project. In this exercise. loaded a door family. 4. 5.

constrain it to be centered in a wall. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 4. and modify the wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 3. Dimension panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. On the Annotate tab. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. s Align and modify walls. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. you open an existing project file. wall.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. place a door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected.rvt. window. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 1. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 2. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. and so on. click Aligned. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door.

196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .s s s s Click the left wall. Click it and it changes as shown. The walls are now aligned. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Notice the symbol. the other wall will remain aligned. 6. Click the lock icon to enable it. 5.Doors and Windows . Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. Align Walls 1. 2. The door changes location. Select the upper wall first. Click the center of the door.

4. 5. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Dimensions display below it. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Change the dimension to 16. Right-click. 3. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Doors and Windows s 197 . The walls shift and remain aligned. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.) The dimension value is now shown. Clear the EQ Display value. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Click Zoom to Fit.Doors and Windows . 7. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click.6.rvt.

Doors and Windows s 199 . Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 1. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time.rvt. Create panel. 4. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. especially if there are many different types.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise. click Create Similar. 2.

3. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. click Copy. The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 2. The window is copied.Copy Windows 1.Doors and Windows . Modify panel. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 4. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . On the Modify | Windows tab. Select the window you just placed.

6. Doors and Windows s 201 .5. Click Zoom to Fit. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. Right-click.rvt.

Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.Doors and Windows . The stability of glass in response to wind. cold. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. flat glass is a recent invention.

s Place a window. s Align a door or window. 32" b. 36" c. General Questions 1. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Copy a door or window. If a room is used for sleeping. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 28" b. Custom 3. Standard b. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . True b. a. 30" c. 40" d. False 2. 34" 4. s Position a door or window. a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 32" d. you learned to: s Place doors. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a.

Select the door. Load from Library b. A reference plane b. you use ________. Click Door Properties. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. a. Clone b. False 5. Copy 8. To change the location of a door or window. Select the door. The center snap 7. To change the swing direction of a door: a. d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. True b. c. a. d. you: a. Use door grips to reposition. Insert d. Click Modify > Flip Direction. b. you use: a. To center a door or window in a wall. Click Flip Direction. Select the door. a. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed.Doors and Windows . False 2. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click the appropriate blue arrows. 6. Select the door. a. Properties 3. Link c. c. Duplicate d. 4. True b. Right-click. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Door Properties. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. a. Load c. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. b. Offset c.

5. Review stairs and railings. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 4.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. s Modify stair boundaries. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Create railings. (Student) Evaluate students. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.

Stairs and Railings . you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. After completing this lesson. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. stair and railing types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.

Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . engineering. This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Math (STEM).

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Then. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. such as ice and snow. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.Stairs and Railings . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.

Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This saves space when changing direction. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Due to building code.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings .

Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . which includes elevators. and math standards. and spiral stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. and Language Arts. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. U-shaped stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Math (STEM). engineering.Stairs and Railings . To review the list of standards for each lesson. You create stairs in a plan view. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Engineering. For safety reasons. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. L-shaped runs with a landing. You can define straight runs. As you move the cursor. or tread. s Modify stairs. This lesson relates to technology. The riser and run values update accordingly. or vertical circulation. In multistory buildings. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. of certain horizontal depth or run. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Add a railing. ramps. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. s Create U-shaped stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels.

The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. From the courseware datasets folder.rvt. On the Properties palette. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. Stairs and Railings s 217 . 3. Before you create the stairs. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. This file is in metric units.

218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Circulation panel. These tools are used to define your stairs. Run is preselected. On the Home tab. Click OK to close the dialog box. you create a straight run. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs.Stairs and Railings . The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. In this case. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. click Stairs.4. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). 5. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.

You can also enter a distance of 4400. Select this intersection point to start your run. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical.6. On the Mode panel. To change the run dimension. You can continue to move the cursor up. 8. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. As you move the cursor up. the run footprint stops expanding. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 9. Revit displays the number of risers you created. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. 7. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. If you have not fully created the run. 10. and then click to define the run of stairs. select Finish (green check). click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400.

AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. click application menu > Save As > Project. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.rvt. 12. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. In this exercise.11.Stairs and Railings . 13. and switched to a 3D view. you created and placed a straight run stair. To avoid overwriting the original file. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D.

Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The stair is not centered on the landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing.rvt. 2. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Edit panel. click Align. Level 1. On the Modify tab. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Activate view Floor Plans. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.

Click the center of the wall first. 5.4. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Take time to make the selections correctly. Click the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines. On the Options Bar. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. You can rotate your model to get a better view. which is located at the center of the stairs. The Align command remains active. If you have a scroll mouse. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. from the Prefer list.

9. s Click OK. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. s Click Duplicate. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. 8. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. enter Lobby Stairs. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays.6. 7. Hover the cursor over the railing. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. As you prehighlight them. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. In the Project Browser. expand Sections (Building Section). railings were created with the stairs. Graphics. Change Width to 1350. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. s For Name. and Dimensions subsections.

Lobby Stair View.10. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Cherry s s Click Modify. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Select both railings.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

s Zoom in on the stairs. The stair changes to the run sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. Delete this line. 13. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The railings change. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. 14. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Next.12. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Mode panel. click Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. Click it to select it. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan.

Click to place the arc.15. On the Draw panel. click Boundary. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 16. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Click Modify. click the left end of the top riser. To place the second arc endpoint. s On the Modify panel. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.Stairs and Railings . Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 17. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 19. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 18.

20. the arc center point. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Click to exit the Mirror command. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Click CenterEnds-Arc. The left boundary will be mirrored. On the Draw panel. For the third point. This will define a rounded first step. click Riser.21. First. Next. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the right boundary.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. In this exercise. click Finish. You also modified the properties of a railing. you modified stair properties and boundaries.rvt. 23.22.Stairs and Railings . Open the {3D} view to see the results.

place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Therefore. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. For simple railings. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it.rvt from the previous exercise. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. 2. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. In this case. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Select the right side railing. 3. This is typically done in plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Click Modify.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you need to define a path for the railing. you sketch the plan view path. The completed exercise To create a railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.

On the Draw panel. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. The dimensions are shown as a guide. 7. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Mode panel. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. click Edit Path. click Line. 5. Once the railing is selected. edit the temporary dimension.4. select Chain. Then. s s On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings . 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You do not need to add dimensions. on the Modify | Railings tab. To set the exact distance. 6. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 9. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. you used sketch tools to create a railing. 8. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Delete your lines and try again. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.

click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Create a Reference Plane 1. In a floor plan view. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Work Plane panel. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.Stairs and Railings .rvt from the previous exercise. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. set the Offset value to 850. the stairs appear as a U-shape. 2. s On the Home tab.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. s On the Options Bar. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. In this exercise. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. you create a reference plane. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

5. On the Properties palette. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. On the Home tab. Stairs and Railings s 233 . To start sketching the run. Dark Gray. Click OK. Click OK twice. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Circulation panel. For Name. 6. 3. click Stairs. enter Exit Stairs. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes .Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. change the Width parameter to 900. Matte 2. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Pull the cursor straight up. Click Edit Type. 4.

Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 9. 8. Move the pointer to the right. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform.7.Stairs and Railings . Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. enter 1925. Press ENTER. Click to place the first run. with none remaining to be created.

it is because you have overlapping lines. On the View Control bar. 2. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. On the Stairs panel. but they are hidden behind walls. you select Continue to return the sketch. Use Hide/Isolate 1. 11. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You want to inspect your stairs. click Finish Stairs. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. To remove the lines. Remove the additional lines.10. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Click Finish Stairs again. If you get an error message.

Stairs and Railings . so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .3. 5. Zoom in to see your stairs. This is a multistory stair. In this exercise.rvt. and to create a U-shaped stair. The walls are now hidden. On the View Control Bar. 4. Finally. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Reset the Display 1. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. 6. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. you learned to create a reference plane. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 3. 2. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs so they highlight. The exterior walls reappear.

and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. escalators.

s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They cost less. but they can also be highly decorative. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.Stairs and Railings . smoke guards. this openness makes them fire hazards. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. and deliver riders without wait time. Include landings as required by your local building code. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.

False Summary/Questions s 239 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. b. you learned to: s Create stairs. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 90 degrees d. 40" 4. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. 180 degrees 3. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. and all treads should be the same run. General Questions 1. 25 degrees b. 32" c. s Modify stair boundaries. 36" d. False 2. 45 degrees c. s Create railings. True b. a. True b. 30" b.

Modify c. Manage d. that is. risers and treads. Pick New Host b. a. Home b. risers 3. Rectangle c. Circle 4. Treads. False 6. True b. To create railings on stairs without railings. Fasten Railing 5. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. a. you use the _______ option. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. riser lines c. Line b. Arc d. Attach Railing c. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Stairs and Railings . you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. You can apply materials to different stair components. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. riser d. Boundary lines. Run. Insert 2. Align Railing d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. a. risers b. Railings. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a.

(Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Review of roof types. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 4. s Place gutters. s Place fascia. (Student) 6. (Student) 7. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 9. s Define a roof structure. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 11. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 10.

List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. It addresses roof construction. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. run. gutters. Calculate the rise. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof.Roofs . roof types. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. After completing this lesson. and downspouts.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Identify the different roof types. tiles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow.

About Roofs s 243 . s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Rake: The inclined. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. and Language Arts. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Math (STEM). s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Engineering.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

rot. maintenance. brands. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. durability. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. the roofing pattern. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. resistance to wind and fire. durability. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and sunlight. and color. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. About Roofs s 245 . texture. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. are designed for shedding water and snow. and sun. resistance to wind and fire. and if visible. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and colors. fire-resistant.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and if visible. texture. the roofing pattern. Sloped roofs. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. maintenance. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. both low and steep. These are used more often on upscale homes. They come in several types. snow. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. resulting in at least one textured face. You can use them for many different applications. and low maintenance roofing material. as well as how effective a shelter it is.

A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. When choosing the insulation for your job. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. Therefore. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic.Roofs . and insulating capability (R-value). s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. durable. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. odor. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. galvanized steel. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . galvanized steel. and require little maintenance. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. choose a type that will suit your needs. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. or corrugated structural glass. zinc alloy. and so forth). This same roof on a clear. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. fiberglass. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. consider such factors as cost. reinforced plastic. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. treatment for insects. They are fire-resistant. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead).s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. Unfortunately. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. special characteristics (for example. quality. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

These are commonly used in French-style houses.Roofs . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12. where as. and span. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . the pitch is displayed as 1/12. A number indicates the value of the rise.

try to specify standard roof pitch. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.When designing a roof. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.Roofs . 7 and 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 on 12. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7-12. 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s Place gutters. or ice. or roof overhangs. dormers. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. snow. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Once you create a roof. or eaves. and fascia. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. often supporting a gutter. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Create a hip roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. To create a roof by face. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. water. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Roofs s 255 . you work with massing shapes and not building components. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Create a roof fascia. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. soffits. you can add gutters. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. that convey rainwater to drains. s Create various roof types. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Assign roof structure and materials. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint.

Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. and Language Arts.Roofs . 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Engineering.

This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Reference planes are required to sketch this roof.. To create an extruded roof. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. you create an extruded roof. select the Name option. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion.rvt. 3. 4. Open ADA_Roofs. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Click OK to continue. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. In the Work Plane dialog box.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise.

Roofs . The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. s Use the image below for guidance. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. On the Work Plane panel. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. The section view should display as shown. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. click Ref Plane. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.5. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 4. 3. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. In the Go To View dialog box. 2. Click Open View. Before sketching the roof's profile. click Line. Draw panel. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. select Section: Section 1. Drawing Reference Planes 1. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch.

sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Roofs s 259 .6. Using a positive offset value. s Click the EQ toggle. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using the image below for guidance. s Click Modify. 5. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Select the new dimension.

2. 7. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed.Roofs . click Chain. Click OK. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you can label them. enter Horizontal. 4.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 1. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. The name displays when you select the reference plane. On the Mode panel. 5. s On the Options Bar. 3. click Line. On the Properties palette. 6. Click Modify. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Right-click. for Name. click Finish (green check).

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Roofs s 261 .8. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .12" type. Switch to a 3D view. 9.

carefully select the far right roof edge.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Select the edge of the roof as shown. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 1. Using the images for guidance. 2. Edit Geometry panel.Roofs . On the Modify tab. This is a two-step process. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 3. click Join/Unjoin Roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select both walls. open the view Sections: Section 1. However. Trim Walls 1. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select the roof. On the Options Bar. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. This will join the wall tops to the roof.4. select Attach Wall: Top. click Attach: Top/ Base. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Modify Wall panel. To select both walls together. In the Project Browser. 3. Roofs s 263 . 2.

you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. 5.Roofs .rvt. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.4. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view. The roof now looks correct. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. In this exercise.

rvt. In this exercise. 4. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Click Yes. On the Home tab. Because you are in a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . You draw the footprint using sketching tools. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. you create a gable roof using a footprint. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. from existing walls. Unit7_first_roof.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. so you look straight down as in a plan. From the drop-down list. 3. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Build panel. select Garage Roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. a dialog box is displayed. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. by Footprint. 1. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on.

select the vertical wall on the left. s On Options Bar. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. click Defines Slope. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.Roofs . 8.5. click Pick Walls. Use the image below for guidance. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. Next. clear the Defines slope option.0". Select the right vertical wall of the garage. If you place a line on the wrong side. 6. 7. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.

The new roof displays. Roofs s 267 . Click beside the edit box to enter the value. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. 2. Click the 9"/12" text. Change this value to 6"/12". When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 1. defining lines separately.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. That value displays next to the slope arrow. By default. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Other controls also display. Click Modify. click Finish. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the left slope defining line. It becomes an editable field. To complete the roof. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 3. click Yes. change the value to 6"/12". you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the right side roof line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it.

rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.Roofs . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.4. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 5.

4. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Clear Defines Slope. On Home tab. 3. On the Options Bar. When all of the walls prehighlight.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. click to select them. The file opens to a 3D view. set the overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. To chain-select all of the walls. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Roofs s 269 . Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. 2.

As an alternate. On the Options Bar. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Create a Roof Opening 1.Roofs . Using the image for guidance. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Right-click. On the Draw panel. Zoom into the chimney area. 3. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. click Rectangle. 2.

Click Finish. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete.Add Slope Lines 1. horizontal line. select the Defines Slope. The slope indicator displays. Select the left lower horizontal line. 3. Roofs s 271 . 2. Select the uppermost. Click Modify. click Yes. 5. 4. On the Options Bar. 6. On the Options Bar. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. select Defines Slope. As in the previous exercise.

7. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. 8.Roofs . attached walls.

Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 3. you create a hip roof. Select the three walls shown in the image. On the Options Bar. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Create the Roof 1. Zoom into the area shown. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 2.rvt.0". Roofs s 273 .Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise On the Home tab. 5. set Overhang to 2' . Select Defines Slope. Build panel. 4.

change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 6. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Right-click the ViewCube. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click Finish to complete the roof. you use the Line tool. s On the Draw panel. 2.0". Raise the Roof 1. s s Clear Defines Slope. Click OK. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To close the roof sketch. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. In addition.7.Roofs . click Line. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. On the Properties palette. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Switch to a 3D View. 3.

Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.

2. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt. you created a hip roof using a footprint. and then joined it to a wall. In this exercise.Roofs .

4. 7. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Clear Defines Slope. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. click Pick Walls. click Line. 6. Roofs s 277 . Create a Shed Roof 1. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 2.rvt. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. The file should open to a 3D view. 5.

Select the lower. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Click Modify. 11. 12. Set the Offset to 0' 0".8.Roofs . 9. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . horizontal line at the front of the roof. 10. Right-click the line. On the Properties palette. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".

17. Switch to a 3D view. 15. Roofs s 279 . Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 18. click Yes. Finish the Roof. 16. In this exercise.14. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.rvt.

280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the menu bar. 4. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. On the Properties palette.rvt.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.Roofs . Activate the view North Elevation. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 2. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 5. 3. The roof updates. Cutoff Level list. select Level 3. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Open the Default 3D view. Select the Roof.

7.rvt. Roofs s 281 . Switch to a 3D View. 8. On the Home tab. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 12. Zoom and spin to see your model. on the Properties palette. 11. 10. 13. click Pick Lines. select Defines Slope. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. set the slope value to 3"/12". On the Draw panel. 9. Finish the Roof. On the Options Bar. To set the slope for the new roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the inner rectangle as shown. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.6. In this exercise.

Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Roofs . The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Select the main roof over the house. 3. 2. 1. The file should open to a 3D view. thereby reducing energy consumption. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.

Click Insert to add a layer. Roofs s 283 . click Duplicate. Select the roof over the garage. For Name. s Click OK. click Edit Type.Define a Roof Structure 1. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit. For Structure Value. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 2. 5. enter Clay Tile. 4. 3. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Select Layer 2 as shown. It is a generic roof type.

s Click OK. 8. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. In this exercise. select Model. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 6.Roofs . s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".rvt. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Click OK twice. The garage roof displays a pattern. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rvt. 2.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Roofs s 285 . click Roof > Fascia. On the Home tab. On the Insert tab. Click Open. 4. In this exercise.rfa. or for decoration. to support a gutter. In the Open dialog box. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. 3.

Roofs . Click OK. Set the Material value to Metal .5. Matte. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK to exit the dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory. For Name. Click Duplicate. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. 6. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. click Edit Type. for Profile.

Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. 9. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. you defined and applied a roof fascia.8. In this exercise. Roofs s 287 . Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt.

2.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 3. Click OK. 6. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Bevel: 5" x 5". Under Material parameter. The completed exercise 4. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. select Metal Aluminum. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 5. On the Home tab. 1.rvt. under Profile parameter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . For Name. click Edit Type. Place Gutters In this exercise. click Roof > Gutter. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. you add gutters to a building. The file should open to a 3D view. select Gutter . Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. s Click Duplicate.Roofs .

the gutter displays on the wrong side.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 11. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. you attached gutters to a roof. If you click the interior face. 10.7. Roofs s 289 . 8. 9. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Segments will clean up at corners. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . water. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. heat. and cold.

on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.m. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house.

a. False 2. Hip c. True b. s Define a roof structure. When referring to roof slope. Shed 4. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. None of the above 3. a. a. Gable b. s Place fascia. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles.Roofs .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Gambrel d. High d. the run is always 12. True b. s Place gutters. Low b.

A compound roof contains layers. Material 8. DEL d. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Walls. Defines Slope c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Add Slope b. place a check mark next to: a. a. Slope c. extrusion. Face 3. Change the direction of the roof. pick d. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Footprint. Change the direction of the slope. Footprint b. TAB b. profile. False 7. Create an opening. extrusion. Sketch c. c. a. a. Footprint b. 10. True b. face b. a. you use: a. Trim/Extend b. Roofs can be created using ______. Activate Slope 9. a. Extrusion d. Expand/Contract 6. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. lines c. a. Sketch. profile 2. Cut/Lengthen c. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Footprint. False 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Create Slope d. Turn slopes on or off. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. ______ or _______. True b. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. sketch. True b. a. Walls d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . To add a slope to a roofline. d. SHIFT c. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. ENTER 4.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Create a section view. Lesson Plan 1. s Create material annotations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create slope annotations.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Create filled regions.

Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. After completing this lesson. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and wall conditions at that particular slice location. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. bathrooms. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. the kitchen. In a commercial structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and tool racks. Sections are used to examine the roof. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. and special equipment. floor. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. In a residential building. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. cabinetry. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements.Sections and Elevations .About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. the location of special equipment.

and math standards. and Language Arts. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. Technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Math (STEM).

Sections and Elevations . s Vertical transportation method (stairs). as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and foundation plans. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. t Cross or transverse sections. on the long axis of the building. and are properly cross-referenced. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. across its narrower dimension. framing. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. and steel. full. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details.

300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

For larger elevations. such as doors and windows. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s The position relationship between different elements. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.Sections and Elevations .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members.

and then the name of the material. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. bushes. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. For a wood structure. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. or methods of installation. however. Therefore. this is reversed. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. For siding. South. the titles assigned (North. shadows. cars.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. With interior elevations. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule." Mfr. people. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. For example. The size of the object is listed first. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. quantity. followed by any additional information about spacing. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. You may. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . East. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. Unnecessary Information Shades. and so forth.

Molding is normally decorative in nature. or linoleum) and the wall. windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. casements. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. tile. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. The trim is usually glued into place. Hinges are concealed. which is a formed pressboard. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. shelf arrangements. and other appliances. other openings. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. wood. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. flush overlay.Sections and Elevations . You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. and lip. doors. doors and direction of door swings. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. and materials used. It can also be used around doorways and windows. and types of finish materials used. dishwashers. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Molding is usually made of plaster. It may have curves. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. or MDF. or decorative patterns. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". and special equipment such as toilets. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. coving.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". or a baseboard. This is usually done using a topset. This is more costly than regular overlay. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". chamfers. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break.

you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. and a section symbol on all plans. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 .Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Change the section head. which you can then add to a sheet. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create an interior elevation. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. This lesson relates to science. like an elevation. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. A section is a horizontal view. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Once created. technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. and math standards. Math (STEM). Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Engineering. and Language Arts. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.

Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. For example. Sections and Elevations s 307 . The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. or other section view. elevation. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. the section does not display in the elevation view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations .

you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Details are crucial for effective construction.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Add detail notes. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Once you create the detail section. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. which is spoken as 2 in 12. In the example shown. In a set of construction documents. such as anchor bolts and siding. So. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add structural details. s Add breaklines as needed. tracing over the existing elements. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.

The completed exercise 6. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". click Section. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the file ADA_Sections. 3. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Create a Section View 1.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Create panel. The Section command is available from the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.rvt. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 2. On the View tab. 4.

Sections and Elevations . Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. 3. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. With the section line selected. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. On the Properties palette. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The actual location is not critical. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 2. and it has control grips to resize it. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. This is called the crop region.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. Section Properties 1.

Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. The view is listed in your Project Browser.4. change Far Clip Offset to 10. 7. Clear Crop Region Visible. 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Save the file as Unit8_section1. 8. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.rvt. 6. In the Properties palette. When you drew the section line. The section view updates. In this exercise. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Sections and Elevations s 313 . you automatically created a section view.

Filled. The view does not change. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. and Section Head . 7. click Load Family. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. They include Section Head . Select Section Head-Open.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. enter Open Arrow. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.No Arrow.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Settings panel. Click Open to load the family. Click OK.rfa. Section Head . Several section head families are available.1 point Filled. click Duplicate. 3. In this exercise. 4. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. 6. On the Manage tab. 5. 2. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For Name.Sections and Elevations . Load from Library panel. On the Insert tab.

click Edit Type. 14. Click OK. 10. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. enter Open Arrow. Click OK. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.8. select Section Head . 11. On the Properties palette. 12. 9. Select the section line. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 315 . For Section Head. In the Section Tag field. For Name. The section head updates to the new head type. 13.Open. In this exercise. Click Duplicate. select Open Arrow.rvt. Save as Unit8_section_open.

On the View tab. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. This is a building section. 6. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.rvt. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". select the border of the callout. To reposition the callout head. 3. Create panel. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. click Callout.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. 4. 2.Sections and Elevations . 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Use the image below for guidance. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. 5. On the Options Bar.

detail components. 3. You can add detail lines. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Annotate tab. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. On the Properties palette. On the Options Bar. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 2. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 1.7. region patterns. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners.rvt. 8. 4. click Region > Filled Region. Line is selected automatically. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. as shown. select Chain. but not strongly. On the Draw panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Detail panel. Trace over the lower left corner of the view.

Click OK. Select the upper and right side lines. Click Modify. 6. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. enter Earth. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .5. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . 7. For Name. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.

From the Fill Pattern list. click Component > Detail Component. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Detail panel. the pattern becomes visible. 1. On the Mode panel. Click Open. the filled region may appear as solid fill. select Finish (green check). click Load Family. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. 9.8. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 3. On the Annotate tab. On the Place Detail Component tab. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Click OK. Sections and Elevations s 319 .rfa. If you zoom in closer. Select Nominal Cut Lumber .Section. Detail panel. 2.

5. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. From the Type Selector. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Click OK. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. In the Specify Types dialog box.4.

You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Plywood. Move it after placement if necessary. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector list. 8. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Using the image below for guidance. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 7.6.

Sections and Elevations .9. From the Type Selector. The exact vertical placement is not critical. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Select the vertical plywood. Use the image below for guidance. set the Thickness to 3/4". Click Modify. This component represents the subflooring. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Place the component similarly to the image below. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Click Component > Detail Component. 10. 11. On the Properties palette. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select anchor bolt. 12.

select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component. select Multiple. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Click Modify. Use the image below for guidance. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Copy.13. From the Type Selector. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. 14.

Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. click Detail Line. On the Annotate tab. From the Line Style Selector. Start at the end of the siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file. Add Detail Lines 1.Sections and Elevations . 2. 16. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Detail panel.15. select Wide Lines.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Still using Wide Lines. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 4. Zoom out. 5.3.

7. 8. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . identified as Wall material 1. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Select the wall so it highlights. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click Edit in the Structure field. Add Insulation 1. On the Annotate tab. click Insulation. 10. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. select the Material field in row 3. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Save the file. Detail panel. 9. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Right-click. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 2.6. The wall display updates. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Next.

Your view should resemble the image shown. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component. 3. From the Type Selector. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. select Break Line. 1.2. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 327 .

and detail components to it. Click Zoom to Fit. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. 6. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). detail lines. In this exercise. 7. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view.4.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. You place another breakline. The view should resemble the image shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The Detail Component tool is still active. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Save the file. Place the breakline as shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 5. To complete the detail.

1. 2. quantity. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. weatherproofing. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The size of the object is listed first. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. or methods of installation. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. To add notes.rvt. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 3. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). The border around the view will disappear. With nothing selected in the view. s Clear Annotation Crop.

you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Move the pointer up 11. From the Type list. R13. Text panel. insulation. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Format panel. click Two Segments. 10. 12. 6. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry.4" WEATHERING. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 7. click Text. 8. On the Annotate tab. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . As you pull your cursor to the right. leader arrow as shown.4.Sections and Elevations . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 5. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Finally. 9. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.

CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 20. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. 16.. Start the next text at the interior wall. . 18.C. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.13. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the baseboard. is an acronym for On Center. 19. O..C. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. 15. or wood treated with preservative against rot. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.C. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.TYPE X. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Click off the text to finish the entry. 17. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Start the next text at the floorboard. 14. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber.

332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click ENTER to start a second line. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Note: CONC signifies concrete. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 21. 22. 23.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.rvt..

rvt. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. In this exercise. Highlight your title block. 2. 6. or elevation view. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. section. and locate the detail view on it. Locate the A-Landscape. Right-click. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. highlight Sheets. The new sheet becomes the current view. 5. click Load. In the Project Browser. Sections and Elevations s 333 . The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click New Sheet. you will want to add the views to a sheet. 3. Click Open. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. 4.

Sections and Elevations . 9. Click the control at its left end. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. click Hide Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Both Level ends will move together. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. In the Project Browser.7. close to the crop border. click Show Crop Region. Select a Level Line. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag it to the right. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. On the View Control Bar. 8. On the View Control Bar.

Click OK.rvt. highlight the new sheet. enter S. For Number. Click Zoom to Fit. Sections and Elevations s 335 . 11. you: s Created a new sheet.301. s Modified the label values in the title block. 13. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. 12. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Click Rename.10. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Right-click. In this exercise. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. For Name. In the Project Browser.

The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 4. s Add any necessary dimensions. It is defined by the green dotted line. The elevation markers are now visible. s Add material notes. east. 2.Sections and Elevations . 5. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. and west. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 2. s Add slope indication for roof. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 3. Right-click. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. When you create a project with a template.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Select Elevations. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. south. s Set the display for building components as needed. four elevation views are included: north. Click the Annotations tab. Open ADA_Elevations. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Click OK. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.

3. clear Planting. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Next. 4. On the Modelling tab. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. clear Sections.2. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. On the View Control Bar. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Annotations tab. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Switch to an Elevation View 1. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

12. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.Sections and Elevations . Select the Material field for Layer 1. 13.rvt. select Edit in the Structure field. click Edit Type. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. you activated an elevation view. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.Exterior Stucco. and modified the wall display characteristics. modified its display. 11. Click Zoom to Fit. 8. 10. click to open the list. In Surface Pattern. Select Sand. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. On the Properties palette. 9. In the Type Properties dialog box. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . It will be identified as Condo . In this exercise.7. Select the wall. Click the button that displays to select a material.

quantity. 2. 3. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 5. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.rvt. In the Type Selector. Add a note for the foundation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Add a note for the stone wall. Sections and Elevations s 339 . or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. The size of the object is listed first. Set the Leader type to One Segment. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.

7. In this exercise. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the roof. 9. Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.6. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations .

Click to select the roof line. 4. 1. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. enter 1/8". 3. click Spot Slope. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 6. from the Slope Representation list. select Triangle. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown.rvt. 2. Sections and Elevations s 341 . On the Options Bar.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. 5. Dimension panel. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. For Offset from Reference. On the Annotate tab. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles.

10. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click Modify. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.Sections and Elevations . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 9. On the Annotate tab. 11. Click to select the roof line. Dimension panel. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click to locate the slope indicator. click Aligned.

Sections and Elevations s 343 . The west elevation now contains material notes. slope indicators.rvt. leaders. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and vertical dimensions.12. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. To create a continuous dimension as shown. In this exercise. and dimensions for clarity. 14. Arrange notes. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. 13. select wall breaks and levels.

locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. This view was already defined in the drawing. Right-click. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Open View. 2. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. special closets.Sections and Elevations .Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 3. dimensions. In this exercise. kitchens.rvt. and cabinetry. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. equipment rooms. Highlight the view. Click Find Referring Views. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. In the Project Browser.

Click Element Properties > Type Properties.4. On the Annotate tab. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Select Suppress 0 Feet. 5. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Clear Use Project Settings. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click OK. Right-click. click Aligned. 7. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. 6. In the Name box. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Dimension panel. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click the value field for Units Format 8. s s s s Click Duplicate.

you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.9. In this exercise. You modified a dimension style. detail the interior section.Sections and Elevations . 10.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Using the Text and Dimension tools.

All of the above. Not in Concrete b. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Either one. b. b. The direction the structure is facing. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Indicate the location of doors and windows. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. a. Nobody in Charge d. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create material annotations. Cabinetry d. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. All of the above 5. 4. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. True b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 2. s Create slope annotations. Walls c. False 3. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. c. is always the true orientation. d. Show the relationships between elements. The orientation of the exterior elevation. it depends. such as north. Not in Contract c. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. c. s Create a section view. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Create filled regions.

West c. c. The detail level of the view. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. True b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Click Add View. b. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. but not a 6.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The boundaries of the view. True b. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. The height of the view.Sections and Elevations . Filled regions with hatch patterns d. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. South d. Which elevation is it? a. d. Element properties c. b and c. East b. The dotted line indicates: a. click Sheet Composition > View. Sun and Shadow b. d. False 5. Right-click. b. a. False 2. North 3. On the View tab. a. c. The Visual Style of the view.

Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Review Schedules. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. 6. s Reformat a schedule. s Export a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . s Load a schedule tag.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

Math (STEM). Engineering. height. About Schedules s 351 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and thickness. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. technology. and Language Arts. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Some of these building objects include. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. width. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Technology. This lesson relates to science.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. about the building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number.

each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. There are different types of schedule tables. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . depending on the style of the architectural firm. the same primary information is included. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. However.Schedules . Instance. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

Other letters are P for plumbing. and A for appliances. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . window. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. However. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). A circle. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. The following image shows door. E for electrical. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Like schedules. Using the software. hexagon.Schedules . many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.

hardware. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. engineering. Project templates include preset schedules. and Language Arts. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. equipment. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and you can create your own schedules. materials. s Export a schedule. Schedules s 355 . rooms. and math standards. windows. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. Schedules list items such as doors. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. s Add room tags. s Create a room schedule. Math (STEM).

Open ADA_Window_Schedules. and you set the schedule to display totals. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule.rvt. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Schedules . s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. select Comments. and Width. Height. On the View tab. 7. 3. Type Mark. Level. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 4. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Schedules s 357 . Click Add. 6. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Continue to add fields to the schedule.s Window Tag 5. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. In Available Fields. Add Count. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Select Windows from the list.

Select the fields.8. 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. from left to right.Schedules .

click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 1.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Select Blank Line. but without any useful calculations yet. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. 3. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Schedules s 359 .

you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. for Sorting/ Grouping. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.Schedules . in this case).Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. 1. clear Itemize Every Instance. click the schedule name. In order to calculate the total number of windows. On the Properties palette. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. you can have the schedule report this. 2. 3. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Notice how the schedule has changed. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. Rather than make a manual calculation. click Edit. in the Then By sorting field. In the Project Browser. select Level.

Schedules s 361 . you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. for Sorting/ Grouping. click Edit 7. 6. On the Properties palette. s Set the schedule to display category totals.5. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. Count. In this exercise. select Footer. From the list. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. The totals for each window type now display. select Title. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.rvt. and Totals.

Locate the file named Room Tag. In this exercise. floor type. 3. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.Schedules . Room size. 2. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. click Room > Room. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. occupancy.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 4. ceiling type. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Click Open. Room & Area panel.rvt. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. On the Home tab. based on the amount of space in each room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 5.

Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Schedules s 363 . 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Room & Area panel. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. On the Home tab. click Room > Room Separation Line. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 6. and in the hall as shown. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 8.In the Type Selector. a total of 7.

11.9. The area value for Room 7 updates. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The room tag updates. An edit box activates. Select Room #2. On the Room & Area panel. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 10. click Room.Schedules . s Click the Room text. s Change the word Room to Manager. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 12. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 13. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Modify.

Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. In this exercise. s Changed room tag field values. On the Properties palette.rvt. s Added a room separation.14. 15. for Name. Schedules s 365 . This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag. enter Sales. s Tagged various objects. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.

366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Set the Sort By value to Number. enter Square Footage Report. and Area to be included in your schedule. 2. In the Available Fields pane.rvt. select Number. Create panel. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. On the View tab. 3. Click Add--> after each selection. Click OK. 4. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. The completed exercise 5.Schedules . 6. For Name.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Create a Room Schedule 1. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Name. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab.

s Set Units to Square Feet. s Select Calculate Totals. Click OK. 8.7. Click the Formatting tab. Select Grand Totals. Change the Heading to No. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Area field. 10. 9. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Alignment to Right. clear Use Project Settings. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Number field. In the Format dialog box. Schedules s 367 . s Set Unit Symbol to SF.

Click OK to exit the dialog box. you: s Created a room schedule. In this exercise. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.rvt. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Totaled one of the columns. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .11. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.Schedules . 12. Save as Unit9_room_schedule.

The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Double-click it to open it. 2. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Browse to a directory to save your report.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Note the formatting that has been applied. you export the room schedule to a text file. The file is created. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 3. 4.txt) file. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. locate the file you created. On the application menu. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Click Save. You can then use this file in other applications. 6.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Click OK. 5. Schedules s 369 . Using your Windows Explorer.

8. In this exercise. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.Schedules . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Close the text file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.7.

True b. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Instance 3. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Matrix d. What is a schedule table? a. b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. 2. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. s Reformat a schedule. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A list of information that defines specific building objects. c. a. a. False 4. s Export a schedule. d. Questions 1. s Place a schedule tag. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. True b. Type b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Quantity c. None of the above. s Load a schedule tag. A list of sheets used in a project.

XLS c. Modify 2. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. a. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. To export a schedule. View tab c. use the ____ . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. Annotate tab b.Schedules . Application menu d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab 3. CSV d. Home d. View c. TXT b. Annotate b.

5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 3. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Review Visualization. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.

or camera on a path. s Apply shading to a view. s Add planting components. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a walkthrough. Technology.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Assign materials. s Create and edit a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Play a walkthrough. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Export an FBX file. s Place a camera. s Create a raytrace rendering. Finally. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. and Language Arts.Visualization . After completing this lesson. you create a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. Engineering.

You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Open Unit2_custom_family. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. s Make a camera view the active view. s s 2. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. courseware datasets. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.rvt. You worked on animations. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Assign materials.

6. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Select one of the exterior walls. The wall display updates. Right-click. 4. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. The walls now display layers of materials. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 5.3. Stud. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Select any exterior wall. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. If you do not see any change in the wall display. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside.Visualization .

Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. 10. Right-click. you can: s s s 9. Open the Default 3D view. Select walls. Visualization s 377 . Click Change wall's orientation. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. On the Properties palette.7. Select the toposurface object. 8. Repeat the process for the windows. In addition to using the control arrows. Select Site: Grass. Click OK.

Visualization . 12. Depending on your system resources. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Save the file as Unit10_Export. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. 2. Select the Roof. Click OK in any notices and warnings. click Export > FBX. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 3. and click Open. Export the Model to FBX 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. for Files of type.11. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. Select the file name. This will filter the file list.rvt. Open 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.FBX). click Import > Import. select Autodesk (*. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. On the application menu. Note the file location. you have completed this exercise.

In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. If necessary. Note the file location. On the application menu. Open or return to Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. click Next. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Close the file without saving.rvt. There is no way to update it from Revit. 3. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.4. 2. Visualization s 379 . you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to DWG 1. open Unit10_Export. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file.

Open or return to Revit. 9. Select two windows as shown. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Click Open. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 8. 5. If necessary. 7. On the application menu. click References > File Link Manager. click Attach This File. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.Visualization .max. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Select the file name. In the File Link Manager . 6. open Unit10_Export. Open 3ds Max Design. click File. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Close the File Link Manager. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.4.rvt.

On the application menu. 12. In the dialog box. Open the 3D view. 11. The windows have updated.10. Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the file.

In this exercise.14. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. The linked file updates. s Click Reload. s Oriented walls and windows. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Close the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the Files tab. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays.Visualization . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. 15. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed. Open the File Link Manager.

Place a Camera 1. and create a second rendering. 2. generate a rendering. Create panel. change materials.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. click Camera. If you place the camera too close to the model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. you place a camera in a model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. as shown. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Open Unit10_Export. On the View tab. In this exercise. 3. Visualization s 383 . Open the Site view.

select Very Few Clouds. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 6. Right-click. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Render Setup 1. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. On the View Control Bar. 2. Open the Site view again. click Show Rendering Dialog.Visualization . 7. Return to the perspective view. If necessary. The camera will be visible. 5. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Click Show Camera.4. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. The camera perspective view opens. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.

3. click Site Component. Enhance the Model 1. Visualization s 385 . Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Open view 3D View 1. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Output Settings. and Lighting. s Click Render.30' approximately as shown. Click Render. Open the Site view. 3. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. 2. Model Site panel. On the Massing & Site tab.

In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view. click Save to Project. Change Materials 1. On the Properties palette. click OK. select Roofing . In the Materials list. 3. 5.Visualization . Click Edit in the Structure field.4. In the Save to Project dialog box. and you can now select elements for editing. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 4. Select an exterior wall. 2. click Edit Type. 5. click Show the Model.Wood Shake. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. 6. On the Properties palette. Select the roof. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.

Visualization s 387 .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Replace. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field. Select the icon next to Masonry .10. 7. 8. Click the Render Appearance tab.

s Generated and captured a render image. Save the file as Unit10_render. click Save to Project.Visualization . 15. 16. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Placed site planting components in the model. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. Select Masonry . The new image is placed in its own view. s Created a raytrace setup. 12. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box.rvt. Click OK.11. In this exercise. 14.Brick Uniform Running Brown. These images are now available as options to present to a client. click Render. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 13.

click 3d View > Walkthrough. or walkthroughs. along the path can be viewed in different modes. rendered. Each view. Open floor plan view Level 1. click to the left of the model as shown. To place a key frame. in a project model. Click Zoom to Fit. and exported individually. 3. In this exercise. 2. Click Zoom Out (2x). 4. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. s Right-click. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click again.rvt. The camera and path can be edited. s On the View tab. Visualization s 389 . The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Create panel. s View the animation in a media player. or frame. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s Edit the camera and path. Open Unit10_render.

click Edit Walkthrough. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Drag it to the left. The Options Bar changes. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. click Finish Walkthrough. 6. 9. On the Modify | Cameras tab.Visualization . The camera is located on the final key frame. 11.5. 8. Select the direction control for the camera. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. Walkthrough panel. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 7. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 10. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.

Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Edit Walkthrough. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 3. Click Open. From the Controls list. Visualization s 391 . select Path. If camera positions distort. click Next Key Frame. The camera is too close to the model to show it well.12. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. The path displays control dots at key frames. Check the view in several key frames. 2. Edit the Walkthrough 1. 13. On the Walkthrough panel.

rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. click OK.Play the Walkthrough 1. notice where you save the file. On the application menu. Revit generates the external AVI file. Click Save. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 2. Export the Walkthrough 1. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. 4. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 3. Click Play. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. File Name. 2. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. The walkthrough plays in the view window.Visualization . In the Length/Format dialog box. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame.

Visualization s 393 . Plan your class time accordingly. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Double-click the new file name.5. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player. 6. such as shaded or rendering. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.

save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.Visualization . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model.7. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

s Export a DWG file. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Apply shading to a view. Save As > FBX c. True b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Add planting components. you use: a. a. s Orient walls and windows. Split b. you use: a. False Summary/Questions s 395 . False 2. Print to File b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Export > FBX 3. Flip Orientation d. True b. s Create a raytrace rendering.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Place a camera. Demolish 2. True b. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export an FBX file. View > Shading d. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Align c. s Assign materials. s Export a walkthrough. Questions 1. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. beams and braces. beam systems. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . In the following exercises.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 4. foundations. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. Review structural columns. 2. 3. you learn how to place structural columns. 6.

398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.Structural . and other structural elements will be located in a building. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

walls. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. especially columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. Knowing where structural members.Structural . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects.

Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts. Create column grids. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Place columns and beams on grids. After completing this lesson. Place beam systems and braces. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Technology. Engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

wood. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. On the Build panel of the Home tab. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. 2. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. 1. spans without walls. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. wood. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . often mainly glass. or reinforced concrete. On the View Control Bar. In this exercise. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structural columns can be steel. beams can be steel. or concrete. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 3. click Column > Structural Column. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Open Deck Framing. this is known as post and beam construction.Hide Category. In residential construction. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.Structural . and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. They come in types defined by size and shape. Beams connect columns or walls. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. As with columns. Select a floor.

On the View Control Bar. click Depth. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A.4. On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. In the Type Selector. 8. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 5. and 4B. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 6. 7. Structural s 403 . 3A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool.

rail. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click Hide In View > Element. 2. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). 10. and columns clearly. In the Project Browser. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK. Click OK. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Zoom in so you can see the deck.Structural .9. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Place Beams 1. The columns are now hidden by the floors. 11. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Right-click.

select Chain. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 4. Click. On the Options Bar. Structure panel. In the Type Selector. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s In the view window. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.3. 5. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Structure tab. click Beam.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 7. On the Properties palette. 6. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify.

11. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. click Beam. 9. click Make Wall Bearing. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.8. 12. Click. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab.rvt. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click Modify. as shown. Structure panel. Save the file as Deck Beams. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click OK. Click on grid intersection B4. Structural s 407 . If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.

you: s Place beam systems. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click No. 2. Click the beam on Grid 1.Structural . 3. Open Deck Beams. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. or number of beams in a bay.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. In this exercise. distance. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. On the Structure tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 4. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.rvt. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise 5. click Beam System. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. s Place braces. click Pick Supports. Place Beam Systems 1. click Sketch Beam System.

click Line. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. On the Draw panel. as shown. Structural s 409 . 7.

2". Click the beam on Grid 2. On the Properties palette. s 9. click Finish (green check). set Elevation to -0'-9". click Pick Supports. click Line.6".Structural . On the Mode panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . 10. 11. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Finish.8. s s s On the Draw panel. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Create Similar. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Trim as necessary. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.

Structure panel. On the View tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing.Place Braces 1. 4. 2. Adjust the view crop region as shown. unlike regular elevations. Click to place the elevation. Structural s 411 . as shown. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View Control Bar. click Brace. On the Structure tab. Create panel. 5. It has an automatic work plane. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. In the Project Browser. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 3.

Structural . select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace. In the view window. Click Modify. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 8. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the Type Selector. 7.6. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace.

rvt.10. s Placed braces. 11. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure. In this exercise. you: s Placed beam systems. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.

In this exercise. The exact location is not critical. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. and section views.Structural .Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. 2. and walls. Grid datasets. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. elevation. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. The numbering automatically increments. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. click in the lower left to start a grid line. In plan views. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. beams. but they can also be angular and radial. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The exact length is not critical. Datum panel. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s s In the view window. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. You can change a grid number at any time. click Grid. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Pull the cursor straight up. as shown.

The Grid tool is still active. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to start another grid line.3. Structural s 415 . Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line. 4.

Press ENTER. Click to start a grid line. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Enter A at the keyboard. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. 7. Pull the cursor to the right. The new grid line will be number 3. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Pull the cursor to the left. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 6. The new grid line is number 5.5. Repeat to create grid line 4. Grid 3 is already the selection set.Structural . click Copy. close to the heads. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. click to place the grid line. s Select Grid Line 2. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Press ENTER. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.

Grid 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click Copy. This completes the main grid. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. click the elbow control to place an offset. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Select grid 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.1.8. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. 10. The Grid tool is still active. s Click to place the grid line. This grid line will be number B.1 is still selected. On the grid line. 9. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Structural s 417 . Change the number to 2. 11.

s s Click grid intersection D3.Structural . enter 15. Press ENTER. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Create panel. On the Draw panel. click Pick. 3. 4. Click in the new grid bubble. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. The Grid tool is still active. Change the number to EE. set Offset to 15'-0". Click to place the grid head. In the Radius field.000 o . Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. click Radius. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. s Click to start the grid line. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. select Center-Ends Arc.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. click Grid. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom to Fit.

Drag it down below the radial grids. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. You will need to identify it easily. 7. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line.5. Click to place grid FF. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 6. Structural s 419 .

s In this exercise. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Revit will create grid 32. 9. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.rvt. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 3. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Pick Axis.8. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Create Similar. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Select grid 31. 11. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Enter 31 to change the name. s 10.000. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.Structural . Click to place the grid line. click Mirror . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Click grid intersection D3. Zoom to Fit. Press ENTER.

Open ADA_Grids-complete. As a result. you typically create a grid. In the Type Selector. click Column > Structural Column. s Use a column grid to place beams. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a steel column. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. s Change a grid layout. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structural s 421 . In this exercise. Structure panel. 2. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s 3. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. C and D. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . B. click At Grids. A.Structural . 4. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 4. 6. In the Multiple panel. click Finish. 5. 3. 2.s s On the Options Bar. set Height to Level 3. On the Multiple panel.

Open Floor Plan Level 2. The grid.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. and beams will move to the right. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 2. 4. Window-select all the grid lines. On the Multiple panel. columns. On the Multiple panel. click Beam. Click Grid 1. 5. Zoom to Fit. click Finish. click On Grids. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Structural s 423 . 3.

424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Open the Default 3D view. 1. 3. Columns and beams will move to the right. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click Undo. 4. On the Multiple panel. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Quick Access toolbar. click At Columns. In the view window. 6. click Finish. click No. click Isolated. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 2.Structural . On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. Click Redo.

Select the footing at the base of the extended column. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 7. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. 6. To change the size of the footing. Structural s 425 . s On the Properties palette. in the Type Selector. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.5. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. The footing changes size. A warning displays. Click OK. Press ESC to clear the column selection.

s Added footings to columns.Structural .8. In this exercise. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams. s Changed a grid layout. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. Save and close the file.

spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.

Structural . using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

Column b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place beam systems. 2. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. True b. s Change a grid layout. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Add footings to columns. Brace c. s Place braces. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Questions 1. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Beam d. All of the above. False Summary/Questions s 429 .

A and B. b. False 4. To create a beam system. you: a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. True b. a. A but not B. All of the above. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it.Structural . you use: a. 3. a. d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. When placing columns or beams. d. Select the type of beam or column to place. Stretch b. b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Properties c. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Pick points. Use grid lines and grid intersections. 5. 2. you can: a. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. c. Flip Orientation d. To change the height of a column. If you relocate a grid line. c. True b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it.

Inc. Poway High School. South Division High School. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Copyright s 431 .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. International Technology Education Association www.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Starkweather . Ltd. Mathematics. Milwaukee. Susan Harrington . WI Roger Dohm .org Project Lead the Way.Executive Director.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Poway. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. CA Ronald A Williams.Director. PE .Teacher.Instructor. Smith .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Randy Dymond.iteaconnect.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.

Inc. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Inc. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. All rights reserved. may not be reproduced in any form. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. INC. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. All other brand names. “AS IS. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Revit MEP. INC. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. for any purpose. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings.” AUTODESK. Published by: Autodesk. this publication. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. by any method. AutoCAD MEP. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . product names. 2010 Autodesk. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael.© 2010 Autodesk. Inc. CA 94903. All rights reserved. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. or parts thereof. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk.. Inc. Inc. AutoCAD Civil 3D. Autodesk Inventor. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS.. AutoCAD. Trademarks Autodesk. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.

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