Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections.When sketching walls. Distances can be adjusted at any time. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

Other building elements such as doors. You can add building elements in plan. windows. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and 3D views. stairs. elevation.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. section. roofs. floors. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . furniture.

While components are being sketched. In the two illustrations shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. If one is moved. the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the illustration shown.

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools . In essence.

you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. This lesson relates to science. s Place a predefined Mass family.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Constrain placement of objects. and math standards. Technology. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Math (STEM). s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. and Language Arts. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology.

A designer. owner.Software Tools . Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. roofs.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. or masses. quickly. such as distance requirements from roadways. and then converted into building components such as floors. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. and curtain systems. walls. size. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. There are mass families available to load into a project. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. you can create in-place masses. Masses can be edited in many ways.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

roofs. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. or within. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. walls. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and symbol heads. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Recognize temporary dimensions. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. This lesson relates to science. tags. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . legends. Technology. Annotation includes text notes. s Explain the use of dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and math standards.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular. and permanent dimensions for annotating. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly.z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Open tabs on the ribbon. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Work with tool buttons. This lesson relates to science.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Open and use ribbon tabs. technology. the Type Selector. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.Software Tools . engineering. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Options Bar. and math standards. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Language Arts. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar.

beams. doors. windows. and rooms. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Some commands will not be active (that is. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. for instance. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

symbols. detailing. braces. slabs. structural walls. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. trusses. and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. and foundations.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. columns. Display and Navigation s 33 .

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

and parameters. copy/paste. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Software Tools . Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close. This menu has file management tools such as New.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . schedules. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends. with four elevation markers visible. sheets. families. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. and groups.Software Tools . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. Windows panel on the ribbon. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. View Control Bar View scale. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model.Software Tools . cropping.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. rendering (in 3D views). A check mark indicates it is visible. visual style. sun settings. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. level of detail. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.

View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Display and Navigation s 43 . To change the scale of a view.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line. Shaded.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

which can be according to the view. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

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It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools .Crop region selected. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. along with other display settings. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. enabling you to select them.

Insert. Massing & Site. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Collaborate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. View. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. To activate or open a view. Annotate. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Structure. Manage and Modify. Display and Navigation s 55 .

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

Context Tabs. Properties Palette. When a context tab is active. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it. Display and Navigation s 57 . The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window. Options Bar. showing options that you can select while you are working. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started.

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When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views.Software Tools .

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

On the right is a list of recently opened files. Display and Navigation s 65 . Click a file name to open that file. File Save. Export. and Publish. the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Print. New File. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. The application menu contains file management controls. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. such as File Open.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. make the Home tab active. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Display and Navigation s 67 . click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. To start a new project. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The completed exercise 4. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. After you have examined each of them. If you select the menu option. 2. or click New > Project from the application menu. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Do this for other tabs. 3. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click OK in the dialog box that opens.

Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. you opened a project file. 6. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . and then viewed. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. 7. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Cycle Through All. They disappear when you move the cursor away.5.

rvt. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The file opens to a 3D view. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. In the Project Browser. Exercise 2. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. doubleclick the view name. Open quick_start_building_elements. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1. You worked on this file in Getting Started.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.

The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. and windows highlight blue. . On the Properties palette. 7. 4. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 5. doors.3. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Clear Walls and Doors. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click OK. 6. Click the door in the upper left of the model. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. You are selecting everything visible. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click any interior wall. 8.Software Tools . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. all the walls.

rvt. On the Properties palette. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 11. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. In this exercise. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. click Create panel > Create Similar. examined the menus and toolbars. On the Modify | Doors context tab. you opened a project file. 12. Place a door as shown. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click any door. 10. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Display and Navigation s 71 .9.

s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. drafting views. building elements (walls. schedules. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. System families include levels. Engineering. You can create sections. and elevation views by default. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. In the exercises. and views. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. mechanical equipment). Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. templates. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . operating settings. lines. either predefined or user-created. and 3D views using the View menu. floors). Math (STEM). s Work with Revit families. annotations. s Load and place component families. Pan. s Create a new in-place family. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views.Software Tools . ceiling plan. Revit provides floor plan. Component families include model objects (furniture. display controls.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to science. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. is an extensive database. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. First. Click OK. Open Unit2_building_elements. Use your keyboard to enter VV.Software Tools . The completed exercise Visibility 1. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The display changes. Click the Annotation Categories tab. 3. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. There is no way to see everything in it. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Rightclick in the view window. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. even a small one. Four elevation markers are visible. VG also opens the dialog box.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The elevation markers disappear from the view.

select Ceiling Plan Level 1. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Right-click. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Select the roof outline. 5. On the View Control Bar. Select Detail Level: Medium. 6. Right-click. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. 7. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 75 .4. In the Project Browser. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click Zoom In Region. so be sure to select them both. Zoom to Fit. Enter ZF. click Detail Level. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker.

The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. change the Underlay value to None. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. as before. View Properties 1. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Enter VH. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. doors and windows are not shown. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Click Zoom to Fit. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . On the Properties palette. 2. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view.8. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3.

Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. the ridge is now visible. For Name. Next to View Range. 4. Set the cut plane value to 7' .3. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. and where the cut plane sits. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click OK. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click Rename. click Edit.0". enter Roof. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.

Software Tools . under Solar Study. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 5. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 3. select Shadows On. select Still. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the dialog box that opens. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Set the time to 9:30 am. In the Presets list. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. select Shading with Edges. Accept the location that activates. Open Elevation view South.Graphic Display Options 1. 4. 2. select Winter Solstice.

Working with Views and Objects s 79 .Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Save the file as Unit2_views.rvt. 6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update.

and floors. railings. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. 3. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. windows. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. 2. commercial. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . doors and windows are dependent on walls). lights. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. and use a Revit family to place a door. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s A system family. such as levels. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family.rvt. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. floors. furniture). These components are called families and there are several different types. walls. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and families in place. Open Unit2_views. and so on. Doors are considered standard family entities. You add closet doors to interior walls.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. click Door. or stand-alone (for example. Doors. furniture. you open an existing project file. On the Home tab. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. This exercise illustrates how you locate. and place Revit families. There are system families. Additionally. Build panel. roofs. and furniture. standard families. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and annotations are examples of standard families. In Revit. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. or institutional structures. load.Software Tools . is predefined within Revit. windows.

The Door Insertion tool stays active.rvt.rfa. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. 5. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Locate Double Panel 2. s s 6. Project files have a file extension of *. Tag panel. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. As you move your cursor near any wall. Accept the default size.rfa. Click Open. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. and Annotation. Click Open. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . On the Modify | Place Door tab. Furniture. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Click the Doors folder. 4. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. You click to place an instance of the door family. If you highlight a door family. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Family files have a file extension of *. It has a number of different sizes defined.

82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . loaded. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. you located. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.rvt. 9. Place two more instances of the door as shown. Place an instance of the door as shown.7. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. 8. simply click it. and placed instances of a door family. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again.Software Tools . but not strongly. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.

The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. you open an existing project file. click Duplicate. The required width is not available. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Click OK.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. Open Unit2_doors_walls. This door needs to be 48" wide. Select the double door as shown. 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 4. and create an in-place family. 5.rvt. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . For Name. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box.

and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Click OK. Build panel. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 4. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Properties palette. 2. 3. In the dialog box. is to create a component family in place. 5.Software Tools . imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. The door updates. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. select Generic Models. 1. For Name. Click OK. set the Extrusion End value to 6".6. enter Hall Clock. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. click Component > Model In-Place. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. On the Home tab.

Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 10. The family model updates. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. you located. On the Draw panel. loaded. as shown. Click OK. 8. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 11. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 12.0' 2". You have created the base of the clock. 7. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . and placed a door family. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".rvt.6. In this exercise. 13. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Revit will display . 9. click Rectangle. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model.2".4" as shown.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.Software Tools . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is binary math.

tab. context tabs. True b. b. The tool shown is used to: a. Each project has several predefined views. a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. depending on the template selected. s Access. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. a.Software Tools . d. s Change view properties. Turn on Shadows. 7. a. False 5. Right-click. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a. s Adjust Visual Style Options. Spin the model in 3D space. Zoom to the entire model. True b. True b. False 2. 6. s Change view displays. s Create an in-place model family. d. and Options Bar. c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. and place a family from a library. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. False 4. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Go to View > View Name in the menu. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Zoom to an area selected by a right click. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. and click Open. load. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Views can be renamed. Either a or b. False 3. b. True b. s Open different views. b. c. s Change type properties of a family. d. Questions 1. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. Create a 3D perspective view. c. To activate a view: a.

windows. a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. All of the above. Scroll d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . depending on settings 9. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Parts d. Multiview b. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Properties palette 10.) are called: a. System c. Pan and Zoom b. Project Browser d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Standard b.8. etc. In-Place d. Families 11. Rotate c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. A family created within a project is called ________________. a. Blocks c.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 8. s Create a project template. 2. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create labels. 4. Review Revit Architecture setup.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 7. (Student) Evaluate Students. 9. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimension and text styles. s Set project units. 5. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 3.

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.aia. defining the layers. and Language Arts. Explain why templates are used. After completing this lesson. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. and the settings that are preset within them. Visit the AIAS website at www. and so forth. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. linetypes. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. colors. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . linetypes.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.org. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Math (STEM). Visit the AIA website at www. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Many cities and counties have their own rules.aias. Engineering. colors. should be used. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.org. based on the AIA standards.Standards and Building Codes .

engineering. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

a bathroom. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and so on. If it lacks any of these components. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. it cannot be called a bedroom. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. a garage. otherwise it is considered a carport. and one closet. defined and adopted by convention. If there is a fire. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the number being its numerical value. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. A garage must be completely enclosed.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design.Standards and Building Codes . The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . doors. For example. like mechanical drawing. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. and so on. it must have at least one door. windows. one window. a common area (such as a living room or family room).

and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. also known as the International System of Units.. unit symbol ft. is 555 ft. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. its value is expressed in the unit meter. using imperial units. unit symbol m. units are applied to dimensions. or imperial. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Another method is to apply dual notation.For example. Here h is the physical quantity. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and other materials. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. such as room size and wall height. glass. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. In architectural drafting. in the United States. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. However. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. the construction industry still uses the English.. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. is 169 m. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system.

and viewports. In Revit Architecture. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing.Standards and Building Codes .5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). for example 1/8" = 1'-0". can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Scales are ratios. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. one value representing another value. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. sheets. Each size is designated by a letter. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.) 8. every 1/8" would represent 1'. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . line weight and pattern.

Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing.01.01. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.a modified version of the AIA standard. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. elevators. and then add a title block or other symbols. symbols. notes Demolition. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. The integers go from 0 to 9. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. site plan. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. You create and position views. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.

and layer standards. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the date drawn. followed by information on the building's owner. annotation plot sizes. The next space is for tracking revisions. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. the author of the drawing. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Usually. The paper is oriented landscape. For example. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. The column is divided into sections.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the HVAC company. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Typically. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. the electrician. Templates are usually preset with drawing units.Standards and Building Codes . The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. that is. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. so that the height is less than the width. and other relevant information. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. and so on. drawing scales. fonts.

required symbols. layer settings. title blocks. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth.

Math (STEM). Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and Language Arts. views.Standards and Building Codes . Engineering. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. These can be used to build your model.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Technology. and walls. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. windows. dimension styles.

Settings s 101 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

In Revit. Select a Template 1. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. click New > Project. On the application menu. factory. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Open Revit to an empty project file. 3. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. apartments. 2. you create a new project file using a template. you use templates as starting points.Standards and Building Codes . The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. click Browse. In the New Project dialog box. Condominiums. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. or store. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately.

6.4. click Close to close this project without saving. you started a new project file using a standard template. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Click OK. saving set up time. Click Open. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. In this exercise. Select the Residential-Default. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Settings s 103 . On the application menu. 5.

104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Build panel. open ADA__Settings. Click to start a new wall. In this exercise. click Wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. the drawing setup options are preset. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. In the Project Browser. Pull the cursor to the right. Press ESC to cancel the wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. The Wall tool remains active. 3.rvt.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. In the courseware datasets folder. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. s Place the cursor over the left wall. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. expand Floor Plans under Views.Standards and Building Codes . To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.

) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 7. Close the file without saving.4. Click Format for Length. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Press ESC to cancel the wall.) 6. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. 5. In this exercise. Settings s 105 . Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. click to start a new wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. and move the cursor right. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. 8. Place the cursor over the left wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral.

The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. click Edit Type. By default. 4. create. dimensions not only display. Click OK. 1. Dimension panel. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . temporary and permanent. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 3. click Duplicate. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. enter Big Text. there are two types of dimensions. or insert components. but also control the size and location of objects. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 2. For Name. On the Annotate tab. On the Properties palette.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Open ADA_Dimensions. click Aligned.

s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". left. Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. and bottom horizontal walls. 6. Click to place. s Click OK twice. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. The Dimension tool is still active. Drag the dimension to the left of the view.5. s Set Text Size to 3/16". In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 7.

Drag the dimension to the top of the view. created a new dimension style. In this exercise. Click to place the dimension. Close the file without saving. upper. The Dimension tool stays active. 9. s s s Select the far left. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. and far right vertical walls. you opened an existing file.8.Standards and Building Codes . Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.

Right-click. 2. In the Project Browser. There are no annotations visible. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. and the view window displays the new plan. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In the datasets folder. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Notice the door and window tags. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. 3. Settings s 109 . These are annotations.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In order to do this. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.

Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 9. click Project Information. 5.4. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 8. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click OK to update the display of this view.Standards and Building Codes . The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. In the Project Browser. 1. 6. Settings panel. On the Manage tab. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Double-click to open it. Click Rename. In the Project Browser. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. 7. Model Categories tab.

(Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Settings s 111 . The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Rightclick. You can also enter the address of your school. 3. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box.Add a Sheet 1. 2. or supply your own values: Click OK. 2. Click New Sheet. click Edit.) 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Enter the address as shown. Click OK. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. highlight the title block displayed in the list.

Add a View to the Sheet 1. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Click Apply. Next. 5. In the Identity Data and Other sections.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.Standards and Building Codes . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.4. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Notice the change to the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Add View to Sheet. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 2. Select the new viewport. Settings s 113 . Select Deactivate View. Click Activate View. Right-click in the view. 4. Right-click. 3.

deselect it. s Placed a view on the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. The Scale updates in the title block. The view updates on the sheet. Place the cursor 7. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. you: select it. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Added a sheet. Finish the move. Close the file without saving.5. 6.Standards and Building Codes . of the sheet.

Click Open. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Settings s 115 . Select A-11x8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. A copy of the 11 x 8. This is one of the longer exercises. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 2. click New > Titleblock.5 title block template opens.5.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Start Revit Architecture.rft. 3. 4. On the application menu. It opens to the Recent Files window.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Standards and Building Codes . On the Quick Access toolbar. you created a title block using a template file. 12. Accept the Sample Value. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Checked By. In this exercise. 14. Save the title block as A . You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. 11. Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Landscape. 10. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. On the application menu. Add a label for Sheet Number. 15. Right-click. s Accept the Sample Value.9. Accept the Sample Value. 13. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom.rfa. select Drawn By. Your teacher may specify another location. click Close. click Save to save the title block. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. s Click Add. Click Zoom to Fit.

Highlight the title block and click OK. Locate your title block. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. 3. 2. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Click Open. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. In the Recent Files window. you create a new project file. 4. On the View tab. The title block appears in the graphics window. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Settings s 125 . 5. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. and then load a custom title block into your project. click New to create a new project using the default template. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Insert a Title Block 1.

On the Properties palette. 6. Click OK. Select the title block. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. In this exercise. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 2. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. enter your instructor's name. s For Drawn By. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. you a created a new project file. Settings panel.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 5. enter your name. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . s For Checked By. Click OK. On the Manage tab. click Project Information. enter Student Project Unit 3.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 4.

in addition to predefined wall types. On the Insert tab. you create a new project file. a dimension style. There are various settings you can define for your template. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. 3. In this exercise. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. including how the rendered image looks.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. Click OK. On the application menu. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . select Project Template. and the units for your custom template. such as 3D and plan views. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. click New > Project. settings. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. In the New Project dialog box. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Families: Load in families you use most often. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. and geometry from the template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. and slope angle. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. 2. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and then load them like families. 1. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. angles. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. you define the title block. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Create a Template In this exercise.

Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. 10. Open the title block A . click Duplicate.Standards and Building Codes . 5. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK twice. You create a custom dimension style. For Name. 8. create a Dimension Style. On the Manage tab. 7. 6. Next. Set the units for the template.Landscape.rfa. enter 3/16" Verdana. On the Annotate tab. Click the Length field in the Format column. There will be no visible change.4. click Settings panel > Project Units. Click OK.

Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Settings s 129 . select Sheets (All). Select the A .11. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. In the Project Browser. Click OK. Click OK. 14. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. On the Properties palette. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 12. 15. Click New Sheet. Rightclick.

Save your project template in your class project folder. In this exercise. 17. You can use this template for future projects. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rte. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.16. as well as dimension style and units. Save the file name as A-English template. The title block updates. Click OK. you created a new template file using a dimension style. title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. and units that you defined.Standards and Building Codes .

s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. or new combinations of existing materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . are constantly being developed by the building industry. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

1:12 c. s Create dimensions. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.02 b. and symbols used in drawing? a. a. True b. s Create a text style. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. you learned to: s Set units in a file. A. S.02 d. A. Using AIA Standards.Standards and Building Codes . 1:24 d. An architect b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Create a template. NCSESA 2. s Create labels. s Create a title block. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. NCTM d. is defined as what? a. s Change dimension colors.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. AIA b. s Create text. dimension styles. s Change lineweight. Metric d. P. s Create a dimension style. A particular physical quantity. 1:32 5.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A unit 4. a. English c. False 3. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". UBC c.05 c. a. 1:3 b. General Questions 1.

To create a new sheet. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. False 6. False Summary/Questions s 133 . dimensions snap to: a. Point offsets 3. Wall centerlines c. Wall faces b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. To set the units in a project. True b. Application menu > Properties b. In Revit Architecture. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. True b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. True b. By default. a. False 4. To change the scale of a view. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Wall midpoints d. you click: a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Align walls. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Trim and extend walls. 3. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.

their construction and materials. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . After completing this lesson. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. them. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose.Walls .About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. or filling in between. List the different types of occupancy. and protect its interior spaces. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. separate. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Click to set the endpoint. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length.3. It will not print. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . indicating wall length. Clear the Chain option. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Walls s 151 . Select the Single Line option. but it disappears when you begin another action. Stud. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. the dimension updates incrementally. Enter 10. 5. After you create the wall. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Expand the Type Selector list. 4. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. This temporary dimension controls the wall length.Brick on Mtl. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. As you continue to move the cursor.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. a dashed line displays. To modify a dimension. an angular dimension displays. click it to open an edit field.

The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall.6. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Depending on your zoom in the view. the controls may sit on top of one another. Create panel. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Click to start the next wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. enter 7. 8. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. On the View Control Bar.Walls . click Create Similar. The wall does not show any internal detail. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Select panel. Click the wall. 7. On the Modify | Walls tab. click the Detail Level icon. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Press ENTER. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. click Modify to stop placing walls.

Because you drew this last wall from down to up. notice how the wall joins at the corner. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. 10. Select the right vertical wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained.9. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. an alignment line displays. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Notice that two dimensions display. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. release the mouse button to set a new length. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Click Modify. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Also. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Walls s 153 . no matter where you move the cursor. Because you drew the wall from up to down. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint.

Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 16. This is the same as clicking Modify. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Build panel. Click Cancel. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Right-click. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 15. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Sketch the walls as shown. 13. When using the Chain option.Walls . On the Home tab. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall.11. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Select the lower vertical wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Repeat. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. click Wall. 14. 12.

you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 19. Click Zoom to Fit. Walls s 155 .rvt. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. After clicking the second end. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle.18. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 20. In this exercise. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Clear the Chain option. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 17. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Create Similar again. Click Modify.

Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise.Walls . Only part of the wall highlights. This exercise illustrates how to split. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. align. 4. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 3. Both split walls are shown below. and extend walls. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 2. trim.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Split Walls 1. Do the same for the vertical wall. you first split the walls at the intersections. To do this. fillet. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. You now remove the upper right corner. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Modify. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections.

On the Modify | Wall tab. You can also click the flip control. click Delete. 2. Select any wall. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. click Create Similar. Walls s 157 . 5. On the Options Bar. select Radius. Enter 5'. Click Fillet Arc. On the Modify | Walls tab. Create panel. If you make a mistake. 4. This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. click Undo and repeat the steps. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Modify panel. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation.Fillet Walls 1. 3.

You align the wall in the next steps. 1. select Basic Wall: Interior . Place an interior wall as shown. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. The Wall tool is still active.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 2.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.Walls . 3. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.

s On the Options Bar.4. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. clear Chain. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. such as location lines. You can lock the alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Pull the cursor straight up. Walls s 159 . The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Click to create a wall.

2. 6. Select the vertical wall as shown. The walls can cross. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . You can click Undo if you make a mistake. The length is not critical. 4. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. This will be the border. 5. 3. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border.

7. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. and trim. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. fillet. Walls s 161 .

Open ADA_Wall_Structure. 3. and vary in cost. satisfy different requirements. 2. click Edit Type.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 1. On the Properties palette. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Select the Exterior wall as shown. In the Project Browser. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. The Modify tool is active by default.

6. 7. s Select Finish 1 [4]. For Name. except Core Boundary. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. 8. enter 8" Insulated Stud. When you are finished.4. Click Insert twice. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. click Edit in the Structure value field. s Click Down twice. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. has a Function you can edit. s Click the arrow at the right. Add two additional layers to the wall. Every layer of a wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 5. To edit the structure of the wall. the wall structure should be as shown. Walls s 163 . s Click Up. Click OK.

11. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".9. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Material to Finishes . Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Material. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".Walls . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". which displays plan or section views. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.Stud Layer. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.Exterior . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Modify the Function. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. select Finishes . s Set the Material to Wood . s Click the icon that appears at the right. 13.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. 12. 10.

14. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select Medium. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. On the Properties palette. Walls s 165 . 16. 15. expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click Apply to update the view. From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. In the Project Browser. 17. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box.

19. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. defined a new wall structure. You opened an existing file. 20. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.Walls . Close the file without saving. In this exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.18. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. From the Type Selector list. Right-click 8" Exterior. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and replaced existing walls using that new definition. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.

You can define a wall type with these elements. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. The completed exercise Walls s 167 .rvt.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. wood rails. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. In this exercise. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Stud walls as shown. 2. The model opens in a 3D view. for example. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. 3. such as a weatherproof outside surface. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a structural mid-section. you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a decorated interior surface. Select one of the Exterior .Brick on Mtl. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.

Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 7. in the Structure value field.Walls . Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. click Edit. or you will lose your changes. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . If not already expanded. 8.4. 5. highlight one of the borders. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Wall structures are Type Properties. Click Split Region. so all instances of this type change. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. You can split regions into other regions. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 2. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. As indicated in the dialog box title. In this exercise. into regions. To split a layer or region vertically. To split a layer or region horizontally. either horizontally or vertically. You can set the sample height to any value. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You can assign different materials to regions. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. When you split a layer. 6. 1. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You change the type. To define the structure of the wall.

the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click to merge them. 4. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge the two layers. The upper split disappears. 3. After merge. Walls s 169 . Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . When you merge regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.3. Click to split the region into two parts. assign Layer 1. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 1. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 2. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material.Brick layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. In this case. Prehighlight a border between regions.

instead of down. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 4. Next. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one.Walls . After a region is split. To create a new wall layer. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. The dimension text turns blue. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Press ENTER. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 3. Click again to return to the original position. click Modify. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. Click Insert. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Change the value to 12. If you set the split offset down from the top. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. In the Edit dialog box. You create a new layer and assign it to a region.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. indicating that it is modifiable. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 2. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 2. Click the temporary dimension text. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. s Select the split line. 1. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. to the next parallel line. 1.

The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Modify. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 6. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. as shown. it highlights in blue in the preview window. Click OK. Merge Region. and Insert Layer tools. Split Region. 7. The preview changes appearance. All walls of this type have been changed.Brick Soldier Course layer. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 10. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. 5. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 8. Click OK. Close the file without saving. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click Assign Layers. Change the Material to Masonry . 9. It immediately highlights in blue. When a layer is selected in the table. It also shows a thickness value. In this exercise. Walls s 171 . click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. because it is now the selected layer.Brick Soldier Course.4. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected.

Walls . 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. and insulation. piping.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. earth. and protected. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. ducting. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. installed.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the ventilation. but also the natural lighting.Doors and Windows . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the view. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values.

ft.7 sq. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. if there is no other escape route. The height can be no less than 24". the width can be no less than 20".Doors and Windows . must be provided by the window being used as an egress. An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. In this unit. and furniture are defined in family files. engineering. This lesson relates to science. windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and copy these elements. Engineering. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. you learn how to place doors and windows. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. Components such as doors. Technology. Some families are loaded into each empty file. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. technology. Doors and Windows s 187 .Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Copy windows. s Center a door in a wall. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. move. and how to position. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Doors and Windows . move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. 3. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .rvt under the courseware datasets folder. To reverse the swing. In other words. To flip the door. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. When placing doors in a plan view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. elevation view. Add Doors 1. the door swing would be to the left side. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. or 3D view. click Door. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. This can be done in a plan view. Once a door is placed. Build panel. On the Home tab. 2. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall.

The display does not change. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.rfa. and windows into project files. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". 2. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. 3. From the Type Selector list. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. In order to keep file size small. Doors and Windows s 189 . Click Open. Mode panel. walls. on the Modify | Place Door tab.Load Families 1. except for the Type Selector. click Load Family. Select the door Double-Panel 2. With the Door command active. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.

5. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector.4. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

simply click it and enter the correct value. Remember. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Place instances of single doors as shown. change a temporary dimension. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. or by using the swing control arrows.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

elevation view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. On the Home tab. You can place windows in a plan view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Windows have exterior and interior sides. To face the outside of the window to the other side. From the Type Selector. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . the outside of the window is to the left side. To reverse the window after performing another operation. approach the wall from the right side. Open Unit5_doors. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. 2. Build panel. or 3D view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. When placing windows in a plan view. click Modify and select the window. Add Windows 1. click Window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.

placed doors. 5. Place seven more windows as shown. You do not need to add dimensions. and placed windows. Window tags do not number in sequence. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.Doors and Windows .3. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.rvt. loaded a door family. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you opened an existing project. In this exercise. 4.

Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. you open an existing project file. click Aligned. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. 1. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. window. On the Annotate tab. 2. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. wall. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. s Align and modify walls. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. place a door. Dimension panel. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. and so on. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 .Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 4. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 3. constrain it to be centered in a wall. and modify the wall. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Do not be overly concerned where you place it.

Click it and it changes as shown. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 6. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click the center of the door. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. 2. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Select the upper wall first. Notice the symbol. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. The walls are now aligned. This means that if one wall shifts. Click the right wall. Align Walls 1.Doors and Windows . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. the other wall will remain aligned. The door changes location.s s s s Click the left wall.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 3. Clear the EQ Display value. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Dimensions display below it.4. Change the dimension to 16. Right-click. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Doors and Windows s 197 . The walls shift and remain aligned. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.

198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned.Doors and Windows . In this exercise.rvt.6. 7. Click Zoom to Fit. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Right-click. you placed a continuous dimension.

4. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Doors and Windows s 199 . Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Create panel. click Create Similar. On the Modify | Windows tab. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.rvt. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. especially if there are many different types. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. In this exercise. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. 2. 1.

200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2.Doors and Windows . On the Modify | Windows tab. The window will change appearance. 3. click Copy. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Modify panel. The window is copied. 4. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point.Copy Windows 1. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Select the window you just placed.

rvt.5. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Click Zoom to Fit.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. cold. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.Doors and Windows . heat. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . flat glass is a recent invention. The stability of glass in response to wind. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.

The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Copy a door or window. 32" d. General Questions 1. If a room is used for sleeping. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 34" 4. 32" b. s Position a door or window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . False 2. 30" c. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 40" d. you learned to: s Place doors. a. 36" c. 28" b. Standard b. True b. s Align a door or window. Custom 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Place a window. a.

Click Modify > Flip Direction. Insert d. a. To center a door or window in a wall. you use: a.Doors and Windows . False 2. you use ________. Properties 3. Copy 8. Select the door. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Duplicate d. 4. Load from Library b. True b. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Click the temporary dimension to be changed.Revit Architecture Questions 1. c. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. c. d. Use door grips to reposition. a. False 5. Offset c. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Load c. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. True b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click Door Properties. Select the door. Click Door Properties. Select the door. a. A reference plane b. Click Flip Direction. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Link c. True b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. 6. Click the appropriate blue arrows. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . a. d. The center snap 7. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Clone b. b. Select the door. a. Right-click. b. To change the location of a door or window. you: a.

you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. Review stairs and railings. s Create railings. 4. 6. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 3. 5. (Student) Evaluate students.

After completing this lesson. List the different stair types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and Language Arts. Engineering. engineering. and math standards. About Stairs and Railings s 207 .

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Once the actual riser height is determined. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .

A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.Stairs and Railings . Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. such as ice and snow. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings .

Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide.

Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum.

Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

you will be able to: s Create stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This lesson relates to technology. s Add a railing. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. which includes elevators. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. of certain horizontal depth or run. s Create U-shaped stairs. s Modify stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Technology. and stairs. U-shaped stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. In multistory buildings. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. engineering. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. For safety reasons. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. Math (STEM). L-shaped runs with a landing. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and spiral stairs. or tread. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. ramps. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Engineering. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. or vertical circulation. and Language Arts. As you move the cursor. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. You can define straight runs.Stairs and Railings . You create stairs in a plan view. and math standards. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. The riser and run values update accordingly.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

3. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Before you create the stairs. This file is in metric units.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. From the courseware datasets folder. This enables you to place the stairs properly. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Stairs and Railings s 217 . On the Properties palette.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. you create stairs using a straight run.rvt. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.

you create a straight run. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. Circulation panel. The cursor changes to a crosshairs.4. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). In this case. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.Stairs and Railings . Run is preselected. These tools are used to define your stairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. click Stairs. On the Home tab.

As you move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Stairs and Railings s 219 . On the Mode panel. 8. select Finish (green check). 7. and then click to define the run of stairs. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. the run footprint stops expanding. 10. To change the run dimension. If you have not fully created the run. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. You can continue to move the cursor up. Select this intersection point to start your run. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.6. 9. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400.

13. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.11. and switched to a 3D view. you created and placed a straight run stair. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 12. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. click application menu > Save As > Project. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. To avoid overwriting the original file. In this exercise.rvt.Stairs and Railings . AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.

Edit panel. click Align. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. On the Modify tab. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Activate view Floor Plans.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. 2. The stair is not centered on the landing. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection.rvt. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Level 1. Stairs and Railings s 221 .

5.Stairs and Railings . Click the center of the wall first. Take time to make the selections correctly. which is located at the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.4. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. select Wall centerlines. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. You can rotate your model to get a better view. from the Prefer list. On the Options Bar. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Click the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Align command remains active.

Graphics. Select the stairs. 8. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Hover the cursor over the railing. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. and Dimensions subsections. expand Sections (Building Section). click Edit Type. s Click OK. On the Properties palette. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays.6. 7. railings were created with the stairs. s Click Duplicate. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. As you prehighlight them. enter Lobby Stairs. On the Properties palette. s For Name. Change Width to 1350. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. In the Project Browser. 9. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 .

Select both railings. Lobby Stair View. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Cherry s s Click Modify.10.

click Edit Sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The railings change. you change the shape of the stairs. 13. s Zoom in on the stairs. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Mode panel. 14. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Stairs and Railings s 225 . You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Next. In the Type Selector. Click it to select it. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Delete this line. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. s On the Modify | Stairs tab.12. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. The stair changes to the run sketch.

17. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the arc boundary you just created. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. To place the second arc endpoint. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.Stairs and Railings . click Boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 16. s On the Modify panel. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 19. 18. On the Draw panel. Click Modify. click the left end of the top riser. Click to place the arc.15.

Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the right boundary. This will define a rounded first step. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. On the Draw panel. Next. First. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. The left boundary will be mirrored. Stairs and Railings s 227 . 20.21. the arc center point. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. click Riser. For the third point.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt.22. 23. click Finish. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open the {3D} view to see the results. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. You also modified the properties of a railing. you modified stair properties and boundaries.Stairs and Railings . On the Mode panel. In this exercise.

you need to define a path for the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown.rvt from the previous exercise. The completed exercise To create a railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Click Modify. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Therefore. s s Sketch a Railing 1. 3. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. To make sure you are selecting the railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you sketch the plan view path. In this case. 2. This is typically done in plan view. Select the right side railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. For simple railings. Stairs and Railings s 229 .

230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Line. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. On the Draw panel. Once the railing is selected. select Chain. click Edit Path. 5.Stairs and Railings . Mode panel. You do not need to add dimensions. 7. Then.4. edit the temporary dimension. To set the exact distance. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. 6. s s On the Options Bar. on the Modify | Railings tab.

Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Stairs and Railings s 231 .s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. In this exercise. 9. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 8. Delete your lines and try again. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line.rvt. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.

Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between.rvt from the previous exercise. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Create a Reference Plane 1. s On the Home tab. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Options Bar. 2. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you create a reference plane. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. In this exercise. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. In a floor plan view. Work Plane panel. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. set the Offset value to 850. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.Stairs and Railings .

To start sketching the run. On the Properties palette. 3. Circulation panel. Stairs and Railings s 233 .Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click OK twice. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. enter Exit Stairs. Matte 2. For Name. 5. 4. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Dark Gray. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. change the Width parameter to 900. On the Home tab. Pull the cursor straight up. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 6. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click Edit Type.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click OK. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . click Stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type.

Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Move the pointer to the right. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 9. Click to finish the stair run. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Press ENTER. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. enter 1925. Click to place the first run.Stairs and Railings . 8.7.

but they are hidden behind walls. click Finish Stairs. 11. you select Continue to return the sketch. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. If you get an error message. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. To remove the lines.10. Select the two walls of the stair tower. 2. Remove the additional lines. Click Finish Stairs again. Use Hide/Isolate 1. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. On the Stairs panel. On the View Control bar. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. it is because you have overlapping lines. You want to inspect your stairs. You temporarily hide the walls in the view.

Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 4. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Zoom in to see your stairs. This is a multistory stair. 2. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.Stairs and Railings . you learned to create a reference plane. Reset the Display 1. Finally.rvt. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. On the View Control Bar. 5. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. 6. The exterior walls reappear. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Select the stairs so they highlight.3. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. The walls are now hidden. 3. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and to create a U-shaped stair. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. and elevators. escalators.

s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. and deliver riders without wait time.Stairs and Railings .Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. smoke guards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Include landings as required by your local building code. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. They cost less. but they can also be highly decorative.

s Create railings. 36" d. True b. General Questions 1. s Modify stair boundaries. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Create stairs. and all treads should be the same run. 40" 4. 32" c. a. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 90 degrees d. 180 degrees 3. 25 degrees b. False 2. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. b. 30" b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. True b. 45 degrees c. A stairway must be at least how wide? a.

Manage d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Boundary lines. False 6. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Arc d. a. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. You can apply materials to different stair components. True b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Rectangle c. Attach Railing c.Stairs and Railings . risers 3. Insert 2. Fasten Railing 5. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Pick New Host b. Home b. a. Circle 4. Align Railing d. risers and treads.Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. that is. risers b. Run. you use the _______ option. Line b. Treads. riser d. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. Modify c. riser lines c. a. Railings.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 8. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Discussion) 2. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 9. Evaluate Students.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Review of roof types. s Define a roof structure. s Place fascia. (Student) 3. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 11.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 5. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Student) 4. (Student) 10.

Identify the different roof types. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. and downspouts. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. run. and pitch of a sloped roof. gutters. tiles. It addresses roof construction. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. roof types. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. Calculate the rise. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. After completing this lesson. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.Roofs . 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Math (STEM). s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . Technology. s Rake: The inclined. and Language Arts. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. This lesson relates to science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. engineering. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and color. and sun. and colors. About Roofs s 245 . and sunlight. Sloped roofs. durability. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. snow. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and if visible. These are used more often on upscale homes. as well as how effective a shelter it is. brands. resistance to wind and fire.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. texture. and if visible. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. are designed for shedding water and snow. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. rot. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. the roofing pattern. maintenance. both low and steep. They come in several types. the roofing pattern. durability. fire-resistant. resulting in at least one textured face. and low maintenance roofing material. You can use them for many different applications. maintenance. and color. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. texture. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. resistance to wind and fire.

s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. and so forth).Roofs . and insulating capability (R-value). s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. galvanized steel. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. reinforced plastic. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. special characteristics (for example. When choosing the insulation for your job. durable. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. This same roof on a clear. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. quality. choose a type that will suit your needs. Therefore. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. zinc alloy. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. galvanized steel. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. treatment for insects. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. They are fire-resistant. odor. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. and require little maintenance. or corrugated structural glass. fiberglass. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. Unfortunately. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). consider such factors as cost. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night.

The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 .

the requirements for underlayment. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. eave flashing.Roofs . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.s Timber or steel beams.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . These are commonly used in French-style houses. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.

but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. run. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. where as. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span. The run value is typically equal to 12.

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. try to specify standard roof pitch. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 on 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.Roofs . Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .When designing a roof. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 and 12. 7-12.

s Place gutters. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Create a roof fascia. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. and fascia. s Create various roof types. Once you create a roof. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s Assign roof structure and materials. that convey rainwater to drains. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. dormers. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. or roof overhangs. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or eaves. To create a roof by face. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you can add gutters. often supporting a gutter. or ice. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Create a hip roof. water. Roofs s 255 . soffits. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. snow. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally.

This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . engineering. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.Roofs . technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). and math standards.

select the Name option. In the Work Plane dialog box. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. 2. the top of the roof profile is sketched. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 4.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. To create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click OK to continue.. Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.rvt. you create an extruded roof.

select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Before sketching the roof's profile. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Draw panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.5. 6. click Line. Click Open View.Roofs . click Ref Plane. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 3. s Use the image below for guidance. select Section: Section 1. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 4. On the Work Plane panel. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 2. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. The section view should display as shown. In the Go To View dialog box.

s Click Modify. s Click the EQ toggle. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Select the new dimension.6. Using a positive offset value. Using the image below for guidance. 5. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Roofs s 259 . To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.

7. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Click Modify. 6. for Name. enter Horizontal. click Finish (green check). click Chain. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Right-click. Click OK. 5.Roofs . 4.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. s On the Options Bar. 2. 3. On the Properties palette. 1. On the Mode panel. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. click Line. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. The name displays when you select the reference plane. you can label them. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Roofs s 261 . 9. Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8.12" type.

Edit Geometry panel.Roofs . 1. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the images for guidance. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. On the Modify tab. 2. 3. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. This is a two-step process. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. carefully select the far right roof edge.

However. 2. To select both walls together. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. the vertical walls extrude through the roof.4. select Attach Wall: Top. This will join the wall tops to the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . open the view Sections: Section 1. 3. On the Modify Wall panel. Trim Walls 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. Select both walls. Select the roof. In the Project Browser. On the Options Bar.

s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. In this exercise. The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.4.Roofs .rvt. Switch to a 3D view.

The footprint sketch is created at 2. from existing walls. so you look straight down as in a plan. 4. 3. From the drop-down list. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 1. select Garage Roof. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.rvt. Build panel. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. a dialog box is displayed. you create a gable roof using a footprint. by Footprint. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Unit7_first_roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The inner loops define openings in the roof. On the Home tab. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Because you are in a 3D view. In this exercise. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Click Yes. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.

Next. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. select the vertical wall on the left. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 8.Roofs . click Defines Slope. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s On Options Bar. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. If you place a line on the wrong side. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. clear the Defines slope option. 7. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.0". click Pick Walls.5. 6. Use the image below for guidance.

click Finish. By default. Click Modify. Click the 9"/12" text. Other controls also display. Select the left slope defining line. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 1. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. change the value to 6"/12". Change this value to 6"/12". 2.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. To complete the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 3. It becomes an editable field. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Select the right side roof line. The new roof displays. click Yes. Roofs s 267 . defining lines separately. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 5.4. In this exercise.

click Roof > Roof by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. On the Options Bar.rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 2. click to select them. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. set the overhang to 1' 0". The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. The file opens to a 3D view. 4. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. On Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. When all of the walls prehighlight. Clear Defines Slope. Build panel. To chain-select all of the walls. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. 3. Roofs s 269 .

click Rectangle. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 2. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Right-click. Zoom into the chimney area. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. On the Options Bar. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Create a Roof Opening 1. Using the image for guidance. 4. verify the 0' 0" Offset. As an alternate. 3. On the Draw panel.

Add Slope Lines 1. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. The slope indicator displays. Click Finish. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 6. horizontal line. select Defines Slope. As in the previous exercise. click Yes. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 271 . Select the left lower horizontal line. 2. 3. On the Options Bar. 4. 5. Click Modify. Select the uppermost. select the Defines Slope.

rvt. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.Roofs . 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration. 8.7. attached walls. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.

click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 3. 5. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. 4. you create a hip roof. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Zoom into the area shown. Roofs s 273 . set Overhang to 2' .0". Select the three walls shown in the image. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Create the Roof 1. Build panel.rvt.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. 2.

0". 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . s s Clear Defines Slope. you use the Line tool. 2.7. 6. s On the Draw panel.Roofs . Raise the Roof 1. Right-click the ViewCube. To close the roof sketch. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Click OK. Switch to a 3D View. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. In addition. Click Finish to complete the roof. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. click Line. On the Properties palette. 3. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.

Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

rvt. you created a hip roof using a footprint. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall.2.

The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 2. 6.rvt. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". click Line. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. click Pick Walls. On the Draw panel. Roofs s 277 . Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 5. Create a Shed Roof 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. The file should open to a 3D view. 4. 3.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Clear Defines Slope. 7. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.

Select the lower. 12. 10. On the Properties palette.Roofs . Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 13. 11. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Right-click the line. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 9. Click Modify.8. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Offset to 0' 0".

rvt.14. Switch to a 3D view. 15. Click OK. 17. In this exercise. click Yes. Finish the Roof. 16. 18. you created a shed roof using a footprint. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Roofs s 279 . Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.

5. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. On the Properties palette. You see four levels defined in the model. Select the Roof. Activate the view North Elevation. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. On the menu bar.rvt. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Cutoff Level list. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. select Level 3. Open the Default 3D view.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 3. The roof updates. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.Roofs . 2.

set the slope value to 3"/12". Switch to a 3D View. 10. Select the inner rectangle as shown. On the Home tab. 12. select Defines Slope. click Pick Lines. On the Options Bar.rvt. 8. 7. 11.6. 13. Roofs s 281 . on the Properties palette. Finish the Roof. To set the slope for the new roof. 9. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. On the Draw panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. In this exercise. Zoom and spin to see your model. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.

In the Type Selector.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. The file should open to a 3D view. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 1. 2. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the main roof over the house. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs . select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . thereby reducing energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 3.rvt.

click Edit Type. click Duplicate. Select Layer 2 as shown. enter Clay Tile. 4. For Structure Value. For Name. Click Insert to add a layer. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit.Define a Roof Structure 1. 5. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 2. Select the roof over the garage. 3. Roofs s 283 . It is a generic roof type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1].

7.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 8. s Click OK. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. select Model.Roofs . s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". In the Fill Pattern dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation.rvt. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Click OK twice. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". The garage roof displays a pattern. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.

click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 2. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. In this exercise. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Insert tab. Roofs s 285 . Click Open. or for decoration. In the Open dialog box. click Roof > Fascia. On the Home tab.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.rvt. to support a gutter. 4.rfa. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 3. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.

Click Duplicate. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. 6. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.Roofs . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Set the Material value to Metal .5. For Name. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. for Profile. Matte. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

9.rvt. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Roofs s 287 .8. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. In this exercise.

rvt. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. For Name. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.Bevel: 5" x 5". Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. click Roof > Gutter. 5. 1.Roofs . On the Home tab. select Gutter . 3. Click OK. Click OK. 2. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Edit Type. The completed exercise 4. s Click Duplicate. Place Gutters In this exercise. you add gutters to a building. Under Material parameter. In the Type Properties dialog box. so as not to detract from the design of the building. The file should open to a 3D view. select Metal Aluminum. 6. under Profile parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.

the gutter displays on the wrong side. If you click the interior face. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners. In this exercise. you attached gutters to a roof. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 8. 11. Roofs s 289 .rvt. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 10. 9.7. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.

heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. and cold. water. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

s Define a roof structure. False 2. General Questions 1. Shed 4. High d. None of the above 3. Medium c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Gambrel d. a. Hip c. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Low b. True b. the run is always 12. a. Gable b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. s Place gutters. True b.Roofs . When referring to roof slope. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Place fascia. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.

face b. True b. False 7. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Trim/Extend b. a. Footprint. a. False Summary/Questions s 293 . pick d. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. TAB b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. extrusion. A compound roof contains layers. Sketch c. Roofs can be created using ______. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. extrusion. SHIFT c. Walls d. Footprint b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. True b. place a check mark next to: a. a. ENTER 4. False 5. Change the direction of the roof. Defines Slope c. profile. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Footprint b. Footprint. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. a. Slope c. sketch. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Material 8. you use: a. To add a slope to a roofline. Cut/Lengthen c. Change the direction of the slope. a. Extrusion d. c. Walls. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. a. Expand/Contract 6. 10. Create Slope d. DEL d. Create an opening. ______ or _______. a. Add Slope b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Face 3. True b. d. profile 2. Turn slopes on or off. Activate Slope 9. Sketch. lines c. b.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Lesson Plan 1.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create material annotations. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create slope annotations.

the location of special equipment.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure.Sections and Elevations . In a residential building. cabinetry. In a commercial structure. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Sections are used to examine the roof. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and special equipment. the kitchen. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. floor. After completing this lesson. bathrooms. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and tool racks. and wall conditions at that particular slice location.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and math standards. Technology. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). technology. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.

s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. on the long axis of the building. and foundation plans. framing. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). across its narrower dimension. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values.Sections and Elevations . and are properly cross-referenced. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. t Cross or transverse sections. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.

and steel. full. such as framing connections and foundation details. partial. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. For larger elevations. s The position relationship between different elements. such as doors and windows.

Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Therefore. people. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. For example. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and then the name of the material. cars. bushes. For siding. The size of the object is listed first. You may. followed by any additional information about spacing. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. and so forth." Mfr. South. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. or methods of installation. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. East. Unnecessary Information Shades. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. this is reversed. however.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. For a wood structure. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. shadows. With interior elevations. quantity. the titles assigned (North. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built.

doors. or MDF. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. coving. and lip. The trim is usually glued into place. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Molding is usually made of plaster. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. and special equipment such as toilets. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. It may have curves. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0".Sections and Elevations . tile. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. dishwashers. chamfers. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and types of finish materials used. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. This is usually done using a topset. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and materials used. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. doors and direction of door swings. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. flush overlay. casements. windows. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. shelf arrangements. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. or decorative patterns. which is a formed pressboard. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. or a baseboard. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. and other appliances. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. or linoleum) and the wall. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Hinges are concealed. wood. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". This is more costly than regular overlay. other openings.

Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create an interior elevation. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. which you can then add to a sheet. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Change the section head.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations. s Place a section view on a sheet. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser.

Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. like an elevation. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. Math (STEM). technology. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Once created. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. and math standards.Sections and Elevations . but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. A section is a horizontal view.

and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. the section symbol does not display in that plan view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. or other section view.

you can more closely control what displays in the section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . it includes a crop region to resize the view. By resizing the crop region. When you create a section view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

In a set of construction documents. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. such as anchor bolts and siding. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. tracing over the existing elements. In the example shown. which is spoken as 2 in 12. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. the slope of this roof is 2:12. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. So. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. s Add detail notes. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Details are crucial for effective construction. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Add structural details. Once you create the detail section. s Add breaklines as needed.

Sections and Elevations . try to specify standard roof pitch. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

rvt. Create a Section View 1.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The Section command is available from the View tab. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The file opens to a 3D view. 3. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 4. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Create panel. On the View tab. Open the file ADA_Sections. click Section. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 2. The completed exercise 6. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.

The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. 3. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. and it has control grips to resize it. This is called the crop region. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.Sections and Elevations . s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. Section Properties 1. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Properties palette. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 2. The actual location is not critical. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. With the section line selected.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on.

6. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you automatically created a section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. Sections and Elevations s 313 .4. 8. 7. The section view updates. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. When you drew the section line. change Far Clip Offset to 10. In this exercise.rvt. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 5. In the Properties palette. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible.

Filled. 7.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 5.rfa. Load from Library panel. and Section Head .rvt. Several section head families are available. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. enter Open Arrow. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 6. The view does not change. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Settings panel. In this exercise. Section Head . 3. On the Manage tab. On the Insert tab. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For Name.No Arrow.1 point Filled. Click OK. Select Section Head-Open.Sections and Elevations . 4. In the Type Properties dialog box. They include Section Head . Click Open to load the family. click Duplicate. click Load Family. 2.

Open. For Name. Click OK.rvt. select Section Head . 12. In this exercise. select Open Arrow. Select the section line. Click OK. For Section Head. 9. On the Properties palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In the Section Tag field. The section head updates to the new head type. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 11. click Edit Type. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 10. Click Duplicate. Save as Unit8_section_open.8. 13. 14. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. enter Open Arrow.

select the border of the callout. On the View tab. click Callout. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. This is a building section. 2. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 6.Sections and Elevations . you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. To reposition the callout head.rvt. 3. Use the image below for guidance. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 5. Create panel. On the Options Bar. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.

4. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. click Region > Filled Region. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 3. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. region patterns. but not strongly. Sections and Elevations s 317 . You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 1. 8. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Annotate tab. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Options Bar. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You can add detail lines.rvt. detail components.7. as shown. Line is selected automatically. 2. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. select Chain. On the Properties palette. Detail panel. On the Draw panel.

For Name. 6. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. Select the upper and right side lines. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. 7. enter Earth.5. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.

select Finish (green check). Sections and Elevations s 319 . Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. click Load Family. 1. From the Fill Pattern list. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. click Component > Detail Component. On the Place Detail Component tab. Detail panel. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.rfa. 9.8. Click Open.Section. On the Mode panel. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 2. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Annotate tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Detail panel. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK. 3. If you zoom in closer.

Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.4. In the Specify Types dialog box. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.Sections and Elevations . 5. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. From the Type Selector.

You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. Add another Detail Component. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Sections and Elevations s 321 . add a second copy of the 2 x 10. 7. Using the image below for guidance.6. 8. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector list.

set the Thickness to 3/4". Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. From the Type Selector. 12. 11. On the Properties palette. Place the component similarly to the image below.9. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Component > Detail Component. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Click Modify. 10. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Select the vertical plywood. Use the image below for guidance. This component represents the subflooring. select anchor bolt.Sections and Elevations .

On the Options Bar. Add another Detail Component. select Copy. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.13. select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. Click Modify. 14. select Multiple. Use the image below for guidance. Sections and Elevations s 323 .

click Detail Line. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 16. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.Sections and Elevations . Save the file. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Start at the end of the siding. Detail panel. 2. select Wide Lines. From the Line Style Selector. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .15. On the Annotate tab. Add Detail Lines 1.

The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 4. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Still using Wide Lines.3.

10. 9. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Next. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 7. Select the wall so it highlights. Detail panel. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.6. click Insulation. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Save the file. Click Edit in the Structure field. select the Material field in row 3. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. identified as Wall material 1. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . 8. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. On the Annotate tab. 2. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Right-click. The wall display updates. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Add Insulation 1.

Sections and Elevations s 327 . select Break Line. 1. From the Type Selector. Your view should resemble the image shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. On the Annotate tab.2. click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. 3. Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.

Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.4.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. To complete the detail. 5. and detail components to it. The Detail Component tool is still active. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the breakline as shown. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. You place another breakline. detail lines. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. Save the file. 7. 6. The view should resemble the image shown. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).

rvt. s Clear Annotation Crop. 3. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. To add notes. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 1. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. quantity. weatherproofing. The border around the view will disappear. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. or methods of installation. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 2. The size of the object is listed first. With nothing selected in the view. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill.

you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 10. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall.4. R13. 9. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. leader arrow as shown.4" WEATHERING. 12. On the Annotate tab. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. From the Type list. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 5. click Two Segments. As you pull your cursor to the right. Move the pointer up 11. Text panel. insulation. 8. 6. click Text. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. On the Format panel. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.Sections and Elevations . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. Finally. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 7. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

or wood treated with preservative against rot. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. as the second line of text.C.. 17.C. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the interior wall. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 5/8" GWB . 20. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the baseboard. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Click off the text to finish the entry. 18. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.C. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 14. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.13. O. 15. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. . Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. 16. 19.. CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated.C.TYPE X.

Note: GALV signifies galvanized. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Modify. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.Sections and Elevations . 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Note: CONC signifies concrete. 21. In this exercise. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click ENTER to start a second line. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 23.rvt. 22.. Click Zoom to Fit.

2. 6. Click New Sheet. 5. click Load. Right-click. or elevation view.rvt.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click Open. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Highlight your title block. section. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 3. and locate the detail view on it. In the Project Browser. 4. The new sheet becomes the current view. Locate the A-Landscape. you will want to add the views to a sheet. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 333 . This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click OK to exit the dialog box. highlight Sheets.

Sections and Elevations . click Hide Crop Region.7. In the Project Browser. 8. click Show Crop Region. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. On the View Control Bar. select view Detail at Foundation. Both Level ends will move together. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. Click the control at its left end. Drag it to the right. Select a Level Line. close to the crop border. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.

12. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet.301. enter S.10. Click OK. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click Rename. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. 11. For Name. you: s Created a new sheet. 13. highlight the new sheet. For Number. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. In the Project Browser. In this exercise.rvt. enter Detail at Foundation Sill.

s Add slope indication for roof. Open ADA_Elevations. Select Elevations. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Click OK. When you create a project with a template. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. The elevation markers are now visible. s Add any necessary dimensions. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. and west. Right-click. east. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. s Add material notes. 2. four elevation views are included: north.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. 5. 2. s Set the display for building components as needed. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotations tab. 4. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. It is defined by the green dotted line.Sections and Elevations . south. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 3. 6.

2. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Annotations tab. 3. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Sections. 4. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Next. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Modelling tab. clear Planting. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the View Control Bar.

select Edit in the Structure field. you activated an elevation view. Select the wall. and modified the wall display characteristics. In Surface Pattern. 8.7.Sections and Elevations . Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. In this exercise. 10. Click the button that displays to select a material. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. Click Zoom to Fit.Exterior Stucco. Select Sand. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. modified its display. click to open the list. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 11.rvt. On the Properties palette. 13. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 12. It will be identified as Condo . click Edit Type. 9. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.

Add a note for the foundation. In the Type Selector. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.rvt. quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. 3. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 5. The size of the object is listed first.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 339 . or methods of installation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 2. 4. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Enter TX. Set the Leader type to One Segment. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Add a note for the stone wall. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify.

In this exercise. Add a note for the roof.rvt.6. 7. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the brick wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 9. 8. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the exterior stucco.

For Offset from Reference. click Spot Slope. from the Slope Representation list. Click to select the roof line. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 3. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. select Triangle. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. On the Options Bar. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 2.rvt. 1. Dimension panel. 4. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Sections and Elevations s 341 . enter 1/8". On the Annotate tab. 5. 6.

Click to locate the slope indicator.Sections and Elevations . click Aligned. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. On the Annotate tab. 11. Click to select the roof line. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 9. 10. Dimension panel. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable.7. Click Modify. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.

In this exercise. The west elevation now contains material notes.12. 14. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. leaders. Arrange notes. select wall breaks and levels. and vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . slope indicators.rvt. To create a continuous dimension as shown. 13. and dimensions for clarity. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. 3. In the Project Browser. This view was already defined in the drawing. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. dimensions.Sections and Elevations . Right-click.rvt. special closets.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Click Open View. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. 2. and cabinetry. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Click Find Referring Views. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. kitchens. equipment rooms. Highlight the view.

5. Click the value field for Units Format 8. In the Name box. click Aligned. 6. s s s s Click Duplicate. 7. On the Annotate tab. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Select Suppress 0 Feet. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. click OK. Right-click.4. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Clear Use Project Settings. Sections and Elevations s 345 . This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Dimension panel.

9. 10. You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. In this exercise. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.Sections and Elevations . detail the interior section. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt.

False 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Walls c. b. 4. 2. s Create filled regions. Not in Concrete b. s Create material annotations. Show the relationships between elements. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The direction the structure is facing. Nobody in Charge d. is always the true orientation. The orientation of the exterior elevation. General Questions 1. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create slope annotations. Indicate the location of doors and windows. a. The direction the viewer is facing. c. All of the above. d. s Create a section view. c. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Either one. such as north. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. True b. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. Not in Contract c. it depends. All of the above 5. b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Cabinetry d.

Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. The dotted line indicates: a. b. The height of the view. East b. Click Add View. False 2. West c. The Visual Style of the view. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. c. a. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you use: a. Right-click. a. Which elevation is it? a. d. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. North 3. On the View tab. South d. The detail level of the view. b and c. but not a 6. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. False 5. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The boundaries of the view. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Sun and Shadow b. b. True b. d. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. 4. click Sheet Composition > View.Sections and Elevations . Element properties c.

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review Schedules. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. s Load a schedule tag. 6. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. s Export a schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 2. s Reformat a schedule. 3.

After completing this lesson.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.Schedules .

Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. width. This lesson relates to science. such as reference number. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. engineering. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Schedules s 351 . Some of these building objects include. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Engineering. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and thickness. and math standards. about the building objects in your architectural plan.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. height.

Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the same primary information is included. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. Instance. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. However. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . There are different types of schedule tables. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. depending on the style of the architectural firm.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

Like schedules.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.Schedules . the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. E for electrical. Using the software. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. window. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Other letters are P for plumbing. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. hexagon. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. The following image shows door. and A for appliances. A circle. However. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.

Project templates include preset schedules. technology. s Export a schedule. and you can create your own schedules. Technology. and math standards. windows. engineering. s Create a room schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Add room tags. materials. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. hardware. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. rooms.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. equipment. Schedules list items such as doors. Engineering. Schedules s 355 . you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list.

Open ADA_Window_Schedules. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.rvt. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.Schedules . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and you set the schedule to display totals.

Schedules s 357 .s Window Tag 5. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 3. Type Mark. 6. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In Available Fields. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Height. Level. select Comments. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Select Windows from the list. Add Count. 7. and Width. On the View tab. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Click Add. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 4. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule.

8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to finish the schedule. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. from left to right.Schedules . 9. Select the fields. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Select Blank Line. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. but without any useful calculations yet. 2. 3. 1. Schedules s 359 .

in this case). 4. select Level. in the Then By sorting field.Schedules . In order to calculate the total number of windows. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Notice how the schedule has changed. 2. 1. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. In the Project Browser. for Sorting/ Grouping. clear Itemize Every Instance. you can have the schedule report this. On the Properties palette. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Rather than make a manual calculation. click the schedule name. click Edit.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.

s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters.5. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. and Totals. From the list. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. On the Properties palette. 6. s Set the schedule to display category totals. select Footer. Count. Schedules s 361 . The totals for each window type now display. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. click Edit 7.rvt. select Title. In this exercise. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.

362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Click Open. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.Schedules . On the Home tab. ceiling type.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. 5. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 2.rvt. Open ADA_Room_Tags. click Room > Room. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. based on the amount of space in each room. floor type. Locate the file named Room Tag. occupancy. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Room size. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 4. In this exercise. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Room & Area panel. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.

click Room > Room Separation Line. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. 6. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. a total of 7. 7. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 8. Room & Area panel. and in the hall as shown. Schedules s 363 .In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor.

Select Room #2. 10. s Click the Room text. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. The room tag updates. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 13. Click Modify. The cursor changes to sketch mode. The area value for Room 7 updates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights.Schedules . s Change the word Room to Manager. 11. 12. click Room. On the Room & Area panel.9. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below.

In this exercise. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Schedules s 365 .rvt. 15.14. On the Properties palette. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. enter Sales. s Added a room separation. you: s Loaded a room tag. for Name. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Tagged various objects.

select Number. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 2. The completed exercise 5. Set the Sort By value to Number. enter Square Footage Report. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. 6. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Name. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Click OK. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. On the View tab. In the Available Fields pane. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Click Add--> after each selection. 3.Schedules . Create panel. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. For Name. 4. and Area to be included in your schedule. Create a Room Schedule 1. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.rvt.

clear Use Project Settings. Highlight the Area field.7. 8. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Click the Formatting tab. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. s Select Calculate Totals. Highlight the Number field. Click OK. In the Format dialog box. s Set Alignment to Right. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. 10. Change the Heading to No. 9. Schedules s 367 . Select Grand Totals.

Click OK to exit the dialog box.11.Schedules . In this exercise. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.rvt. you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. 12. s Totaled one of the columns.

You can then use this file in other applications. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 3. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Schedules s 369 . Browse to a directory to save your report. you export the room schedule to a text file. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Double-click it to open it.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 5.rvt. 6. Click OK. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 4. Using your Windows Explorer. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. The file is created. locate the file you created. Click Save. 2. On the application menu.txt) file. Note the formatting that has been applied.

In this exercise. 8. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file.7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

a. s Place a schedule tag. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. s Export a schedule. Matrix d. True b. s Load a schedule tag. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Type b. What is a schedule table? a. None of the above. Quantity c. False 4. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of sheets used in a project. you learned to: s Create a schedule. True b. Questions 1. A list of information that defines specific building objects. a. d. 2. Instance 3. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. b. s Reformat a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c.

To export a schedule. XLS c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. a. CSV d. Modify 2. use the ____ . a. Annotate tab b.Schedules . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. View tab c. Home d. Manage tab 3. Annotate b. View c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Application menu d. TXT b.

Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Review Visualization. Lesson Plan 1. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 5. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 3.

374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Technology.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Assign materials. After completing this lesson. s Apply shading to a view. s Export a DWG file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Finally. s Export a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Export an FBX file. s Create a raytrace rendering. you create a walkthrough. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Engineering.Visualization . you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Place a camera. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. and Language Arts. s Play a walkthrough. or camera on a path. s Add planting components. s Orient walls and windows. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.

You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. To prepare your model for rendering. Click Zoom to Fit. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. courseware datasets. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.rvt. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Open Unit2_custom_family. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You worked on animations. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. s Make a camera view the active view. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s s 2. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Assign materials. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design.

Select one of the exterior walls.Visualization . Select any exterior wall. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.3. Right-click. Stud. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 6. The walls now display layers of materials. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 5. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The wall display updates. 4. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside.

Repeat the process for the windows. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. 8. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. In addition to using the control arrows. Click Change wall's orientation. Select the toposurface object. 10. Click OK. Select walls. On the Properties palette. Visualization s 377 . Right-click. you can: s s s 9. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.7. Open the Default 3D view. Select Site: Grass.

Export the Model to FBX 1. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 2. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.rvt. Note the file location.Visualization . On the application menu. you have completed this exercise. Click OK in any notices and warnings. 12. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Select the Roof. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. In the Select File to Import dialog box. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . for Files of type.11. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Import > Import. and click Open. click Export > FBX. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Depending on your system resources. 3. On the application menu. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. select Autodesk (*. Select the file name.FBX). Open 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Export the Model to DWG 1. 2. Depending on your system resources.4. you have completed this exercise. open Unit10_Export. Close the file without saving. click Next.rvt. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. There is no way to update it from Revit. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Note the file location. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Visualization s 379 . 3. If necessary.

Open or return to Revit. 7. 5. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 8. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Close the File Link Manager. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.Visualization . If necessary. click File. click Attach This File. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu.4. Select the file name. click References > File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.max. Select two windows as shown. Open 3ds Max Design. 9.rvt. In the File Link Manager . 6. open Unit10_Export. Click Open.

In the dialog box. The windows have updated. Visualization s 381 . Open the 3D view. 11. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 13. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the export file using the same name as before. Save the file.10. 12. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72".

s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. The windows have changed. s Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. In this exercise. Open the Files tab. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the File Link Manager. s Click Reload.Visualization . s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.14. s Oriented walls and windows. The linked file updates. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. 15. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.

Create panel. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.rvt. Visualization s 383 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you place a camera in a model. On the View tab.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Open Unit10_Export. Place a Camera 1. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. If you place the camera too close to the model. click Camera. In this exercise. change materials. add plantings to the model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Open the Site view. and create a second rendering. 3. generate a rendering. 2. as shown.

384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Show Camera. 2. On the View Control Bar. click Show Rendering Dialog. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Open the Site view again. select Very Few Clouds. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser.Visualization . If necessary.4. Return to the perspective view. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 5. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Right-click. The camera will be visible. Render Setup 1. 7. The camera perspective view opens. 6. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.

Visualization s 385 . On the Massing & Site tab. and Lighting. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Click Render. Open view 3D View 1. Model Site panel. Click Render.30' approximately as shown.3. click Site Component. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 3. Output Settings. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. 2. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Enhance the Model 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. Open the Site view.

On the Properties palette. Select the roof. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. select Roofing . click Show the Model. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box. 6. Change Materials 1. and you can now select elements for editing. Revit places the image in its own view. On the Properties palette. 5. Select an exterior wall. 4. The model displays in the view.Wood Shake. In the Layer 1 Material field. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . 2. click OK. Click Edit in the Structure field. 3. 5. In the Materials list. In the Save to Project dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box.4. click Save to Project. click Edit Type.

Click Replace. 7. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click the Render Appearance tab.10. Visualization s 387 .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 8. Select the icon next to Masonry .

Select Masonry .Visualization . In the Rendering dialog box. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Generated and captured a render image. s Edited materials in model components. s Generated and captured a second render image. 12. 15. The new image is placed in its own view. In this exercise.rvt. 14. click Save to Project. 13. 16. These images are now available as options to present to a client. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Created a raytrace setup. Save the file as Unit10_render. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Click OK. In the Rendering dialog box.11. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. click Render.

along the path can be viewed in different modes. click 3d View > Walkthrough. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. Each view. or frame. To place a key frame.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Open Unit10_render. Visualization s 389 . The camera and path can be edited. or walkthroughs. 2.rvt. in a project model. s Edit the camera and path. In this exercise. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. click to the left of the model as shown. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. 4. and exported individually. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. Open floor plan view Level 1. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Right-click. rendered. s Right-click again. s On the View tab. Create panel. s View the animation in a media player.

On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 8.Visualization . Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. Drag it to the left.5. Walkthrough panel. 9. 10. click Edit Walkthrough. click Finish Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 6. Repeat for all the key frames. 7. The Options Bar changes. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 11. On the Modify | Cameras tab. Select the direction control for the camera. The camera is located on the final key frame.

3.12. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. On the Walkthrough panel. Click Edit Walkthrough. If camera positions distort. select Path. click Next Key Frame. The path displays control dots at key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Check the view in several key frames. 2. Click Open. Visualization s 391 . From the Controls list. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 13. Edit the Walkthrough 1.

Export the Walkthrough 1. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK. File Name.rvt. notice where you save the file. 4.Visualization . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. select a video compression method to hold down file size. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 3.Play the Walkthrough 1. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. In the Length/Format dialog box. click OK. 2. Click Play. 2. The walkthrough plays in the view window. On the application menu. Revit generates the external AVI file. Click Save. In the Video Compression dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.

such as shaded or rendering. Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time.5. Visualization s 393 . Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. It plays in your media player. 6. Double-click the new file name.

394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. If you have made changes to the building model.7. s Edited the path. s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization . s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. In this exercise. save the Revit Architecture file. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. False Summary/Questions s 395 . To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Print to File b. True b. s Export a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export an FBX file. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Play a walkthrough. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. True b. s Export a DWG file. a. View > Shading d. s Apply shading to a view. True b. Questions 1. Export > FBX 3. you use: a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. Save As > FBX c. s Place a camera. Align c. a. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. a. s Assign materials. Split b. Flip Orientation d. False 2. s Orient walls and windows. Demolish 2. you use: a. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . The Datum panel enables you to place grids. and braces. you learn how to place structural columns. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. 2. foundations. beams and braces. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 6.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 3. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 4. Review structural columns. In the following exercises. beam systems.

Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example.Structural . beams. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

Knowing where structural members. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural . especially columns. walls.

you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Place columns and beams on grids. Create column grids. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. After completing this lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place beam systems and braces. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Structural s 401 .Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. and Language Arts. Engineering. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

beams can be steel. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Select a floor. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. In residential construction. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. As with columns. Beams connect columns or walls. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. this is known as post and beam construction. 2. Open Deck Framing. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. or reinforced concrete. or concrete. 3. spans without walls.Structural . wood. They come in types defined by size and shape. wood. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . click Column > Structural Column.Hide Category. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Structural columns can be steel. often mainly glass. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. On the Build panel of the Home tab. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. On the View Control Bar. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. In this exercise. 1.

On the Options Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. and 4B.4. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. On the View Control Bar. click Depth. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Structural s 403 . Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 3A. 6. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 7. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 8. 5. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. In the Type Selector.

Place Beams 1. The columns are now hidden by the floors. 11. In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Right-click. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Open Plan View Deck Framing. 10. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click OK. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 2. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click off the columns to clear your selection set.Structural . Click Hide In View > Element. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. double-click view Framing Cutaway.9. and columns clearly.

4.3. select Chain. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click Beam. In the Type Selector. 5. On the Structure tab. Click. Structure panel. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s In the view window. To place beams: Structural s 405 . s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Options Bar.

set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 7. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. On the Properties palette. 6. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click.Structural .

s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Structural s 407 . you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. click Make Wall Bearing. 9. Click Modify. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. click Beam. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click on grid intersection B4. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Structure panel. In this exercise.rvt. 11. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. 12. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.8. On the Properties palette. as shown. Click. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click OK. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab.

click No. you: s Place beam systems.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. or number of beams in a bay.Structural . In this exercise. Open Deck Beams. click Sketch Beam System. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. 4. distance. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Pick Supports. 3. Structure panel. click Beam System. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Place Beam Systems 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Structure tab. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. s Place braces. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise 5. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates.rvt. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 2. Click the beam on Grid 1.

7. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. On the Draw panel. as shown. click Line. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.6.

s s s On the Draw panel.2". On the Mode panel. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. click Create Similar. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. On the Properties palette. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. set Elevation to -0'-9". s 9. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Finish (green check). Click the beam on Grid 2.6". On the Properties palette. click Pick Supports. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. 11.8. s s On the Draw panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. click Line. Trim as necessary. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.Structural . 10. Click Finish.

A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structure panel. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. It has an automatic work plane. In the Project Browser. 2. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Create panel. as shown. On the Structure tab. 4. Structural s 411 . 5. Open Plan View Deck Framing. unlike regular elevations. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. 3. On the View tab. Click to place the elevation. On the View Control Bar. click Brace.Place Braces 1.

8. 9. 7. In the Type Selector. Click Modify. In the view window. to start the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Repeat the brace going right to left.Structural .6. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

rvt. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Save the file as Deck structure. In this exercise. Structural s 413 .10.

s s In the view window. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab.Structural . Grid datasets. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. beams. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. and section views.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. The exact location is not critical. You can change a grid number at any time. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. elevation. 2. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Datum panel. This is a common step early in designing a large building. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. but they can also be angular and radial. click in the lower left to start a grid line. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Pull the cursor straight up. The numbering automatically increments. as shown. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Grid. The exact length is not critical. In plan views. and walls. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. In this exercise. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.

4.3. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place a new grid line. Click to start another grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Structural s 415 .

5. s Select Grid Line 2. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Enter A at the keyboard. 7. Press ENTER. Grid 3 is already the selection set. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. The new grid line is number 5. Repeat to create grid line 4. Click to start a grid line. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. The new grid line will be number 3. click to place the grid line.Structural . 6. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click Copy. Press ENTER. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor to the right. close to the heads. Pull the cursor to the left. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel.

1.8. 9. This completes the main grid. This grid line will be number B. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Click outside the bubble to enter the number.1 is still selected. 10. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Click to place the grid line. Change the number to 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Structural s 417 . s Click Copy. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. 11. The Grid tool is still active. On the grid line. Grid 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Select grid 2.

click Radius.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". s Click to start the grid line. The Grid tool is still active. set Offset to 15'-0". On the Draw panel. Zoom to Fit. 4. Create panel. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.Structural . In the Radius field. On the Options Bar. select Center-Ends Arc. click Pick. Click to place the grid head.000 o . To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. 3. On the Draw panel. Click in the new grid bubble. s s Click grid intersection D3. Change the number to EE. On the Home tab. enter 15. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Options Bar. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Grid. Press ENTER.

6. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click to place grid FF. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. 7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.5. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Drag it down below the radial grids. You will need to identify it easily. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Structural s 419 . The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. click Mirror . Revit will create grid 32. s 10.rvt. s Click grid intersection D3. s Select grid 31.000. s Select grid 3. s In this exercise.Pick Axis. click Create Similar. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. 9. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click in the new grid bubble.8. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click to place the grid line. 11.Structural . Press ENTER. Zoom to Fit. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Enter 31 to change the name. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.

In this exercise. click Column > Structural Column. you typically create a grid. This is a steel column. As a result. Structure panel. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Structural s 421 . s 3. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. 2. s Change a grid layout. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Open ADA_Grids-complete. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. In the Type Selector. s Use a column grid to place beams. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. s Add footings to columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you: s Use a column grid to place columns.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. B. C and D. click Finish. 5. 2.Structural . 4. On the Multiple panel. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .s s On the Options Bar. 6. In the Multiple panel. 3. 4. set Height to Level 3. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. click At Grids. A.

Open Floor Plan Level 2. 4. Window-select all the grid lines. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Finish. On the Multiple panel. Click Grid 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. 3. Zoom to Fit. 2. On the Multiple panel. click On Grids. The grid. columns. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 5. Structural s 423 . and beams will move to the right. click Beam.

Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 2. click No. In the view window. 3. On the Quick Access toolbar.Structural . 4. click Finish. click Undo. click At Columns. window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. Columns and beams will move to the right. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Multiple panel. click Isolated. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 1. 6. Open the Default 3D view.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. A warning displays. in the Type Selector. 7. To change the size of the footing. Structural s 425 . 6. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. The footing changes size. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". s On the Properties palette. Press ESC to clear the column selection.5. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click OK.

In this exercise. s Used a column grid to place beams. s Changed a grid layout. Save and close the file. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Added footings to columns.8.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. spans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural . using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

Brace c. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. True b. Beam d. False Summary/Questions s 429 . 2. Column b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. All of the above. s Change a grid layout. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beam systems. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place braces. s Add footings to columns. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a.

2. To change the height of a column. d. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Flip Orientation d. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. When placing columns or beams. True b. To create a beam system.Structural . a. a. A and B. Pick points. you can: a. A but not B. Properties c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. c. All of the above. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 3. d. Select the type of beam or column to place. False 4. True b. 5. b. Select a beam type and define the system layout. If you relocate a grid line. you use: a. you: a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. c. Stretch b.

Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Ltd.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Starkweather .org Project Lead the Way. Copyright s 431 .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Poway. Mathematics. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Executive Director. CA Ronald A Williams.Instructor.iteaconnect. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. South Division High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . International Technology Education Association www.Director. Randy Dymond. Smith .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. PE . Susan Harrington . WI Roger Dohm . Poway High School.Teacher. Inc. Milwaukee.

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