Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.

The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. elevation. Other building elements such as doors. furniture. section. stairs. windows. You can add building elements in plan.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. floors. roofs.Software Tools . and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. and 3D views. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown. In the illustration shown. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.

If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints. In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .

This lesson relates to science.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. and math standards. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Technology. s Constrain placement of objects. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Place a predefined Mass family. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

Software Tools . Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. you can create in-place masses. There are mass families available to load into a project. and curtain systems. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. roofs. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or masses. and then converted into building components such as floors. size. A designer. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. such as distance requirements from roadways. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Masses can be edited in many ways. walls. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. owner.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. quickly. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. roofs. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. walls.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off.

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

and symbol heads. and Language Arts. Technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. legends. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. technology. s Explain the use of dimensions. This lesson relates to science. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotation includes text notes.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and math standards. s Recognize temporary dimensions. tags. engineering.

Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. or angular.Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be linear. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Options Bar. technology. Engineering. and math standards.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. the Type Selector. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). engineering. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Open tabs on the ribbon. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Work with tool buttons.Software Tools . 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Language Arts.

Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. The ribbon sits above the drawing window.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Some commands will not be active (that is. Its position is fixed. and rooms. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. doors. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Display and Navigation s 31 . for instance. windows. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. beams.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. structural walls. trusses. braces. symbols. and foundations. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. detailing. Display and Navigation s 33 . columns. and text.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 .

36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . materials. Context tabs display as you work. copy/paste.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings.Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and inquiry. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Print. and Close. Save. This menu has file management tools such as New. Open.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

and groups. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. with four elevation markers visible.Software Tools . along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. sheets.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. families. Legends. schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

visual style. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. shadow display. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. Windows panel on the ribbon. rendering (in 3D views). click the User Interface button located on the View tab. level of detail. sun settings. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. A check mark indicates it is visible. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. cropping.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Control Bar View scale.Software Tools .

Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. but not at Coarse.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. To change the scale of a view. Display and Navigation s 43 .

It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. Shaded. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

date and time. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. or by global location. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 .

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views.

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Crop region selected. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

along with other display settings. enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . These controls. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools .

Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Display and Navigation s 55 . To activate or open a view.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Nine tabs are available: Home. Annotate. Structure. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Massing & Site. Manage and Modify. View. Collaborate. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Insert.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. If you select items in the view window. When a context tab is active. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it. Properties Palette. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Options Bar. Display and Navigation s 57 .Context Tabs. showing options that you can select while you are working.

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When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.Software Tools .

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Export. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. The application menu contains file management controls. On the right is a list of recently opened files. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. File Close only appears on the application menu. such as File Open. New File. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. the application menu. File Save. Click a file name to open that file. Display and Navigation s 65 . and Publish. Print.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

The completed exercise 4. Display and Navigation s 67 . or click New > Project from the application menu. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. After you have examined each of them. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Do this for other tabs.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. 3. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. On the ribbon. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. The panel titles display under the tab titles. 2. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. If you select the menu option. make the Home tab active. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. To start a new project. click OK in the dialog box that opens.

Select Cycle Through All. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. and then viewed. 7. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. In this exercise. you opened a project file. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.5. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.Software Tools . 6. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.

doubleclick the view name.rvt. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Exercise 2. Open quick_start_building_elements. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. 2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. You worked on this file in Getting Started.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. In the Project Browser. The file opens to a 3D view. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.

Clear Walls and Doors. 5. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. . Click OK. 7. and windows highlight blue. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click any interior wall. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You are selecting everything visible. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. doors. all the walls. Click Filter panel > Filter. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click the door in the upper left of the model. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48".Software Tools . On the Properties palette.3. 6. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 4. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 8. The Modify | Walls context tab opens.

9. 12. examined the menus and toolbars. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. click Create panel > Create Similar. you opened a project file. On the Properties palette. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. 10. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Place a door as shown. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. In this exercise. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. On the Modify | Doors context tab. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Click any door.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views.Software Tools . Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. mechanical equipment). building elements (walls. System families include levels. display controls. and Language Arts. operating settings. schedules. Engineering. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. drafting views. floors). Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and elevation views by default. templates. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. either predefined or user-created. Technology. In the exercises. Pan. and 3D views using the View menu. You can create sections. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. ceiling plan. annotations. Math (STEM). s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Create a new in-place family. and views.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit provides floor plan. s Load and place component families. lines. s Work with Revit families. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

technology. engineering.This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.rvt. 2. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Rightclick in the view window. Right-click. The completed exercise Visibility 1.Software Tools . The elevation markers disappear from the view. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The display changes. There is also a copy in the course datasets. There is no way to see everything in it. Click the Annotation Categories tab.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click OK. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. First. 3. is an extensive database. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_building_elements. VG also opens the dialog box. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Four elevation markers are visible. even a small one.

7. Click and drag the cursor as shown. click Detail Level. Select Detail Level: Medium. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . select Ceiling Plan Level 1. so be sure to select them both. On the View Control Bar. 5. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Click Zoom In Region. There are two parts to an elevation. Enter ZF. Right-click. Click Open. Zoom to Fit.4. In the Project Browser. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 6. Right-click. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Select the roof outline.

as before. change the Underlay value to None. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Enter VH. 2.Software Tools . View Properties 1. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Properties palette. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Turn off visibility of the elevations. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans.8. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. doors and windows are not shown. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.

click Edit.0". the ridge is now visible. Next to View Range. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Right-click. enter Roof. Click Rename. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.3. Click OK. and where the cut plane sits. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . 4. Set the cut plane value to 7' . For Name. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof.

Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Open Elevation view South. 4.Graphic Display Options 1. In the Presets list. 2. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Accept the location that activates. 5. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Still. select Winter Solstice.Software Tools . Set the time to 9:30 am. 3. In the dialog box that opens. select Shadows On. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . under Solar Study. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shading with Edges. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The elevation shadows update. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. 6. Save the file as Unit2_views. In this exercise.rvt.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.

railings. or institutional structures. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. Additionally. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Open Unit2_views. These components are called families and there are several different types. or stand-alone (for example. Doors are considered standard family entities. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. commercial. and families in place. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. such as levels. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and furniture. and use a Revit family to place a door. and so on. In Revit. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. There are system families. furniture. Build panel. and place Revit families. roofs. furniture). Doors. On the Home tab. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. 2. click Door. This exercise illustrates how you locate. windows. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor.rvt. s A system family. windows. is predefined within Revit. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. 3. walls. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. standard families. floors. you open an existing project file. and annotations are examples of standard families. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. doors and windows are dependent on walls). You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You add closet doors to interior walls.Software Tools . load. and floors.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. lights.

You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. The Door Insertion tool stays active. As you move your cursor near any wall. Locate Double Panel 2. 4. Tag panel. If you highlight a door family.rfa. It has a number of different sizes defined. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. 5. and Annotation. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Accept the default size. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Working with Views and Objects s 81 .rfa. Family files have a file extension of *. Furniture. s s 6. You click to place an instance of the door family.rvt. Project files have a file extension of *.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Click the Doors folder. Click Open. Click Open. On the Modify | Place Door tab. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).

Place an instance of the door as shown.Software Tools . and placed instances of a door family. you located. 9. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. In this exercise. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 8.7. loaded. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Place two more instances of the door as shown. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. simply click it. but not strongly. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt.

The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 4. Open Unit2_doors_walls. The required width is not available. Click OK. 2. enter 48" x 80". 3. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . This door needs to be 48" wide.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Click Properties palette > Edit Type.rvt. modify a door family. click Duplicate. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. For Name. you open an existing project file. 5. In the Type Properties dialog box. and create an in-place family. Select the double door as shown. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1.

3. set the Extrusion End value to 6". The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Build panel. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. is to create a component family in place. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. 1. For Name. 2.6. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). enter Hall Clock. Click OK. click Component > Model In-Place. On the Properties palette. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 4. Click OK. select Generic Models. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The door updates.Software Tools . 5. In the dialog box. On the Home tab.

You have created the base of the clock. 13. and placed a door family. Revit will display . 9. you located. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.4" as shown.0' 2". Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 8. The family model updates.rvt. 10. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .2". You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Click OK. as shown. On the Draw panel. 12. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 7. click Rectangle.6. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 11. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.

STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math. s What is Moore's Law.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

Zoom to an area selected by a right click. d. a. Zoom in Region is used to: a. c. b. a. and place a family from a library. Turn on Shadows. To activate a view: a. True b. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. c. 7. context tabs. and Options Bar. True b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Questions 1. s Change view properties. Spin the model in 3D space. s Change view displays. Views can be renamed. Create a 3D perspective view. s Adjust Visual Style Options. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. load. s Change type properties of a family. b. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Create an in-place model family. and click Open. False 2. Zoom to the entire model. False 4. b.Software Tools . False 5. True b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Access. True b. Either a or b. The tool shown is used to: a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. depending on the template selected. Each project has several predefined views. s Open different views. Right-click. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. tab. a. d. False 3. c. 6. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. d. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon.

8. Project Browser d. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . you can use the scroll wheel to: a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.) are called: a. All of the above. System c. Standard b. etc. Properties palette 10. Scroll d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. In-Place d. depending on settings 9. Blocks c. Rotate c. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . A family created within a project is called ________________. a. Families 11. Parts d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Multiview b. Pan and Zoom b. windows.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 5. 6. s Create a project template. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Create labels.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create dimension and text styles. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 8. 9. 7. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. Review Revit Architecture setup. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 4. s Set project units. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 3. 2.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit.

Explain why templates are used.aia. should be used. colors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Visit the AIAS website at www. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.org. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and Language Arts.org. Engineering. Technology. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. based on the AIA standards. Many cities and counties have their own rules. defining the layers. colors. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. linetypes. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Visit the AIA website at www. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson. and so forth. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.aias. and the settings that are preset within them.Standards and Building Codes . linetypes.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. For example. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . one window. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). a garage. otherwise it is considered a carport. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. If it lacks any of these components. If there is a fire. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. defined and adopted by convention. it must have at least one door. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. a bathroom. doors. A garage must be completely enclosed. windows.Standards and Building Codes . The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. it cannot be called a bedroom. and so on. like mechanical drawing.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. A unit is a particular physical quantity. and so on. the number being its numerical value. and one closet. Drawing Units Architectural drawing.

and other materials. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. unit symbol m. or imperial. glass. units are applied to dimensions. using imperial units. unit symbol ft. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. In architectural drafting. Here h is the physical quantity. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. the construction industry still uses the English.For example. in the United States. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. However. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. is 555 ft. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Another method is to apply dual notation. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth.. also known as the International System of Units. such as room size and wall height. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. is 169 m.. Standards and Building Codes s 95 .

and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. line weight and pattern.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Each size is designated by a letter. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and viewports. one value representing another value. every 1/8" would represent 1'. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . for example 1/8" = 1'-0". sheets. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Standards and Building Codes .Scales are ratios.) 8. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. In Revit Architecture.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.

can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). site plan. symbols.01. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. The integers go from 0 to 9. You create and position views. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. notes Demolition. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. elevators.01. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.a modified version of the AIA standard. and then add a title block or other symbols. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).

A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Typically. the author of the drawing.Standards and Building Codes . the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. The next space is for tracking revisions. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. so that the height is less than the width. The column is divided into sections. and other relevant information. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Usually. that is. the date drawn. For example. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the HVAC company. annotation plot sizes. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the electrician.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. fonts. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. and so on. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. The paper is oriented landscape. drawing scales. followed by information on the building's owner. and layer standards.

title blocks. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . required symbols.in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. dimension and text styles.

Settings About This Lesson In this lesson.Standards and Building Codes . 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. These can be used to build your model. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. dimension styles. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and walls. Technology. and Language Arts. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.

This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. engineering.

or store. you create a new project file using a template. Select a Template 1. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. 2. click New > Project. click Browse. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. In the New Project dialog box. you use templates as starting points. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. In Revit. apartments. On the application menu. factory. Open Revit to an empty project file. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. Condominiums. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 3. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.Standards and Building Codes .

On the application menu. 5. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Select the Residential-Default. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Click OK. Click Open. In this exercise. saving set up time.4. 6. Settings s 103 . you started a new project file using a standard template. click Close to close this project without saving.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to a 3D view. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. In the Project Browser. In the courseware datasets folder. The Wall tool remains active. 2. click Wall. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Click to start a new wall. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 3. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Build panel.rvt. Press ESC to cancel the wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Pull the cursor to the right. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. s Place the cursor over the left wall. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. In this exercise. the drawing setup options are preset. open ADA__Settings.

(This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click Format for Length. and move the cursor right. 7. 8. Press ESC to cancel the wall. click to start a new wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 5. s Set Unit symbol to m. Place the cursor over the left wall. In this exercise.) 6. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.4. Settings s 105 . you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Close the file without saving.

Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. click Aligned. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. dimensions not only display.rvt. 1. 2. temporary and permanent. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Properties palette. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 4. enter Big Text. Temporary dimensions display when you select.Standards and Building Codes . Open ADA_Dimensions. click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. create. click Edit Type. or insert components. By default. In the Type Properties dialog box. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Click OK.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . but also control the size and location of objects. 3. Dimension panel. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. there are two types of dimensions. For Name. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.

7. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Settings s 107 . s Click OK twice. Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline.5. Click to place. s Set Text Size to 3/16". The Dimension tool is still active. left. 6. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.

s s s Select the far left. The Dimension tool stays active. In this exercise. you opened an existing file. 9. Click to place the dimension.8. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . upper. created a new dimension style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. and far right vertical walls.

The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Settings s 109 . The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. These are annotations.rvt. In order to do this. In the Project Browser. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. and the view window displays the new plan. 2. In the datasets folder.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. 3. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. There are no annotations visible. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Notice the door and window tags.

On the Manage tab. Click OK. In the Project Browser. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 9. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. 7. Settings panel. 8. Click Rename. Model Categories tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 1. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. click Project Information.Standards and Building Codes .4. 5. In the Project Browser. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK to update the display of this view. Double-click to open it. 6. select Floor Plan: Level 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category.

You can also enter the address of your school.) 3. Click OK. Settings s 111 . Click OK. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window.Add a Sheet 1. 3. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Enter the address as shown. Rightclick. or supply your own values: Click OK. highlight the title block displayed in the list. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click New Sheet. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Value column of Project Address. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. click Edit. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected.

s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Notice the change to the title block.4. 5. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Next.Standards and Building Codes . It is automatically filled in when you place your views. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Click Apply. Add a View to the Sheet 1.

2. 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click. Settings s 113 . Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Click Activate View. Select the new viewport. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 4. Right-click in the view. Select Deactivate View.

over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. s Added a sheet. you: select it. deselect it.Standards and Building Codes . s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Close the file without saving. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Placed a view on the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .5. 6. The view updates on the sheet. of the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. The Scale updates in the title block. Place the cursor 7. Finish the move.

Settings s 115 . click New > Titleblock. Click Open. On the application menu. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 2.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. A copy of the 11 x 8.5 title block template opens. 3. Start Revit Architecture. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 4. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1.rft.5. It opens to the Recent Files window. Select A-11x8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. This is one of the longer exercises.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Standards and Building Codes . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a label for Checked By.Landscape. Your teacher may specify another location. 12. s Click Add.9. 10. 13. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. click Close. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Sheet Number. you created a title block using a template file. On the Quick Access toolbar. 11. s Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. select Drawn By. Accept the Sample Value. Click Zoom to Fit. 14. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Accept the Sample Value. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. In this exercise. click Save to save the title block. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.rfa. 15. Save the title block as A .

3. 4. Click Open. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. you create a new project file. Insert a Title Block 1. In the Recent Files window. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 2. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. 5. Your title block is now displayed in the list. click New to create a new project using the default template. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. and then load a custom title block into your project. Settings s 125 . Highlight the title block and click OK. Locate your title block. On the View tab. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. The title block appears in the graphics window. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use.

Click OK. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 4. Click Zoom to Fit. enter your name. click Project Information. The parameters on the title block will update as shown.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. you a created a new project file. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. 5. s For Drawn By. enter Student Project Unit 3.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. enter your instructor's name. On the Manage tab. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Click OK. In this exercise. Settings panel. On the Properties palette. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Select the title block. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 6. s For Checked By. 3.rvt in a location determined by your instructor.

s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. and the units for your custom template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Create a Template In this exercise. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and geometry from the template. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. you define the title block. such as 3D and plan views.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Families: Load in families you use most often. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. settings. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. click New > Project. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. On the Insert tab. In this exercise. you create a new project file. Click OK. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. On the application menu. including how the rendered image looks. 3. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. In the New Project dialog box. and then load them like families. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. 2. select Project Template. 1. and slope angle. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. in addition to predefined wall types. angles. a dimension style.

You create a custom dimension style. Set the units for the template. click Duplicate. 9. Click the Length field in the Format column.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK twice. enter 3/16" Verdana. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Click OK. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 6. 5. 10. 8.rfa. create a Dimension Style. 7. In the Type Properties dialog box. There will be no visible change.Landscape. On the Manage tab. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Settings panel > Project Units. On the Annotate tab.4. For Name. Open the title block A . Next.

Change the following settings as shown: 13. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 15. Rightclick. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 129 . 14. In the Project Browser. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. select Sheets (All). Click New Sheet. 12.11. Select the A . Click OK.

as well as dimension style and units.Standards and Building Codes . Save the file name as A-English template. Click OK. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You can use this template for future projects. The title block updates. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .16. title block. In this exercise. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 17. Save your project template in your class project folder.rte. and units that you defined.

and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. or new combinations of existing materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. abstract format. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety.

P. dimension styles. a. s Create text.02 d. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. UBC c.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create a dimension style. A unit 4. A particular physical quantity. and symbols used in drawing? a. 1:32 5. English c.05 c. Using AIA Standards. True b. a. s Create dimensions. S. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. 1:24 d. NCTM d. AIA b. s Change lineweight.02 b. An architect b. s Create labels. 1:12 c. Metric d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. 1:3 b. a.Standards and Building Codes . s Create a template. NCSESA 2. General Questions 1. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Change dimension colors. A. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". s Create a title block. is defined as what? a. s Create a text style. False 3.

use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. you use: a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. dimensions snap to: a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. Wall faces b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. a. Wall centerlines c. you click: a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. True b. Application menu > Properties b. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. To change the scale of a view. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. In Revit Architecture. To set the units in a project. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Point offsets 3. By default. True b. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Wall midpoints d. a. False 6. To create a new sheet. False 4.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 3. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 2. s Align walls. s Trim and extend walls. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Evaluate Students.

Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . separate. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. and protect its interior spaces. After completing this lesson. or filling in between. their construction and materials.Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. List the different types of occupancy. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. them.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Click to set the endpoint. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. the dimension updates incrementally. As you continue to move the cursor. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. After you create the wall. indicating wall length. Select the Single Line option. Clear the Chain option. a dashed line displays. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. an angular dimension displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. To modify a dimension. 4. click it to open an edit field. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.Brick on Mtl. Enter 10. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . It will not print. Expand the Type Selector list. Stud. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Walls s 151 . (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. but it disappears when you begin another action. 5.3.

8. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Press ENTER. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration.6. click Modify to stop placing walls. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. click Create Similar. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side.Walls . The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Click to start the next wall. 7. On the View Control Bar. On the Modify | Walls tab. Depending on your zoom in the view. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Select panel. After setting the vertical wall's direction. click the Detail Level icon. Click the wall. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Create panel. The wall does not show any internal detail. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. the controls may sit on top of one another. enter 7. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation.

When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. no matter where you move the cursor. Because you drew the wall from up to down. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint.9. Click Modify. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. an alignment line displays. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length. Walls s 153 . notice how the wall joins at the corner. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Also. Select the right vertical wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Notice that two dimensions display. 10.

thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Select the lower vertical wall. Sketch the walls as shown. Select Chain on the Options Bar.Walls . Click Cancel. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This is the same as clicking Modify. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. On the Home tab. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall.11. When using the Chain option. Repeat. 16. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Right-click. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 14. click Wall. Build panel. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 15. 13. 12.

After clicking the second end. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.18. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 20.rvt. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. In this exercise. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Clear the Chain option. Walls s 155 . Click Zoom to Fit. Click Create Similar again. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Select the Three Point Arc tool. 19. Click Modify.

you first split the walls at the intersections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Both split walls are shown below. 3. Do the same for the vertical wall.Walls . 4. 2. trim. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Click Modify. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. and extend walls. This exercise illustrates how to split. Only part of the wall highlights. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. To do this. Split Walls 1.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. The cursor changes to a razor blade. align. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. You now remove the upper right corner. fillet.rvt from the previous exercise.

Create panel. You can also click the flip control. Modify panel. This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Delete. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections).Fillet Walls 1. Click Fillet Arc. Select any wall. If you make a mistake. click Undo and repeat the steps. 5. On the Modify | Walls tab. 3. 2. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Enter 5'. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. click Create Similar. select Radius. On the Options Bar. Walls s 157 . 4. On the Modify | Wall tab. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building.

2. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 3. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Walls . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. select Basic Wall: Interior . The Wall tool is still active. 1. You align the wall in the next steps. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Place an interior wall as shown.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.

The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Pull the cursor straight up. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. such as location lines. s On the Options Bar. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Click to create a wall. clear Chain. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Walls s 159 .4. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor.

4. Select the horizontal wall as shown.Walls . This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 6. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 3. The length is not critical. This will be the border. 2.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. This will extend to the border. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the vertical wall as shown. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The walls can cross. 5. Select the two interior walls in turn.

In this exercise. align. and trim. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt.7. Walls s 161 . Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet.

A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. and vary in cost. satisfy different requirements. 1. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. On the Properties palette. 3. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. The Modify tool is active by default.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. click Edit Type. Select the Exterior wall as shown. In the Project Browser.Walls . Open ADA_Wall_Structure.

5. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. click Edit in the Structure value field. When you are finished. the wall structure should be as shown. has a Function you can edit. except Core Boundary. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Click Insert twice. 7. 8. Every layer of a wall. Click OK. s Click Down twice. enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Select Finish 1 [4].4. s Click the number of Layer 3. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. For Name. s Click the arrow at the right. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 6. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. s Click Up. Add two additional layers to the wall. To edit the structure of the wall. Walls s 163 .

Stud Layer. select Finishes . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Change the Layer Thickness to 2".EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Material.9. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. 13. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s Set the Material to Wood . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Walls . s Set the Material to Finishes . 10. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.Exterior . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 11. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. which displays plan or section views. s Click the icon that appears at the right. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 12. Modify the Function.

Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. expand the Families branch.14. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. 17. 15. From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. In the Project Browser. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 16. select Medium. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Walls s 165 . The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view.

Right-click 8" Exterior. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. From the Type Selector list. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. 19. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.Walls . All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. You opened an existing file. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18. In this exercise. 20. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. defined a new wall structure. Close the file without saving.

Brick on Mtl. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Select one of the Exterior . you create and modify vertically compound walls. a structural mid-section. 2. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. In this exercise. 3. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The model opens in a 3D view. wood rails.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. for example.rvt. Stud walls as shown. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. and a decorated interior surface. You can define a wall type with these elements. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.

or you will lose your changes. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. To define the structure of the wall. click Edit. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. To split a layer or region vertically. 6. into regions. 1. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You can set the sample height to any value. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view.Walls . You change the type. in the Structure value field. so all instances of this type change. As indicated in the dialog box title. In this exercise. either horizontally or vertically. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Wall structures are Type Properties. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. 8. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. You can assign different materials to regions. 7. highlight one of the borders. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. When you split a layer.4. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Click Split Region. If not already expanded. To split a layer or region horizontally. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You can split regions into other regions. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 2. 5. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet.

Walls s 169 . Click to merge the two layers. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click to split the region into two parts.Brick layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. assign Layer 1. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. 2. Click to merge them. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Prehighlight a border between regions. 4. 1.3. The upper split disappears. since both regions are composed of the same layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. When you merge regions. 3. After merge. Click Merge Regions. In this case.

If you set the split offset down from the top. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. In the Edit dialog box. you assign the material Masonry Brick . you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. 3. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. to the next parallel line. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Press ENTER. Click again to return to the original position. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 2. indicating that it is modifiable. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Click the temporary dimension text. 4. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". instead of down. After a region is split. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. click Modify. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. To create a new wall layer. Next. Change the value to 12. You create a new layer and assign it to a region.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. 1. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. s Select the split line. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Click Insert. 1. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. 2. The dimension text turns blue. 3.

Brick Soldier Course layer.Brick Soldier Course. it highlights in blue in the preview window. All walls of this type have been changed. 5. Split Region. When a layer is selected in the table. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. as shown. It immediately highlights in blue. 9. Close the file without saving. In this exercise. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. 8. Click OK. Click OK. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Merge Region. because it is now the selected layer. Click Assign Layers. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. and Insert Layer tools. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Walls s 171 . Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. The preview changes appearance.4. 6. It also shows a thickness value. Change the Material to Masonry . Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 10. 7. Modify.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. earth. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . installed. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. piping. ducting.Walls .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the ventilation. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.Doors and Windows . but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. but also the natural lighting. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Custom types and sizes can also be built. the view. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.

186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . An unobstructed opening of 5. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.7 sq. the width can be no less than 20". ft. if there is no other escape route.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. The height can be no less than 24".

Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. you learn how to place doors and windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. In this unit. how to load additional door and window families. and how to position. Some families are loaded into each empty file. and Language Arts.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. move. windows. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. and furniture are defined in family files. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Components such as doors. Math (STEM). engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Center a door in a wall. s Copy windows. Doors and Windows s 187 . technology. and copy these elements. Engineering.

Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. To reverse the swing.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. or 3D view. Build panel. When placing doors in a plan view. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. To flip the door. click Door. Once a door is placed. elevation view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. In other words. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. This can be done in a plan view. 3.Doors and Windows . move the cursor to the right side of the wall. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. the door swing would be to the left side. On the Home tab. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. 2. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Add Doors 1.

In order to keep file size small. Select the door Double-Panel 2. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Click Open. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Mode panel. With the Door command active. walls. Doors and Windows s 189 . Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. The display does not change. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. click Load Family. 2.Load Families 1. and windows into project files. 3. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". From the Type Selector list. except for the Type Selector.rfa. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.

4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. If necessary. From the Type Selector. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. 5.Doors and Windows . Place a second instance in the wall opposite.

You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. If you place a door in the wrong location. Remember. Do not add the dimensions. or by using the swing control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. change a temporary dimension.6. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Place instances of single doors as shown.

Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.rvt.

Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Build panel. When placing windows in a plan view. From the Type Selector.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Windows have exterior and interior sides. approach the wall from the right side.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. the outside of the window is to the left side. You can place windows in a plan view. 2. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. elevation view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. or 3D view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click Window. click Modify and select the window. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Open Unit5_doors. Add Windows 1. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. On the Home tab.

you opened an existing project. 4.rvt. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. and placed windows.Doors and Windows . 5. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. placed doors. You do not need to add dimensions.3. Place seven more windows as shown. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. loaded a door family. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Window tags do not number in sequence. In this exercise.

The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 3.rvt. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 1. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . window. wall.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. you open an existing project file. click Aligned. and so on. 4. On the Annotate tab. and modify the wall. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. constrain it to be centered in a wall. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. s Align and modify walls. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Dimension panel. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 2. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. place a door.

Click the center of the door. The walls are now aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. The door changes location. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. the other wall will remain aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension.Doors and Windows . Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the lock icon to enable it. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Select the upper wall first. Click it and it changes as shown. Align Walls 1. This means that if one wall shifts. 6. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the right wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align.s s s s Click the left wall. Notice the symbol. 5. 2.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown.4. Change the dimension to 16. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Right-click. The walls shift and remain aligned. Doors and Windows s 197 .) The dimension value is now shown. 3.

6. Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 7.rvt. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. you placed a continuous dimension. In this exercise.Doors and Windows . Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 4. On the Modify | Windows tab. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.rvt. Doors and Windows s 199 . The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. In this exercise. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. especially if there are many different types. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. 1. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 2. click Create Similar.

Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 2. On the Modify | Windows tab. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. The window is copied. The window will change appearance. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.Doors and Windows . Select the window you just placed. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4.Copy Windows 1. Modify panel. click Copy.

6. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.rvt. Right-click.

s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.Doors and Windows . cold. flat glass is a recent invention. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. heat. The stability of glass in response to wind.

you learned to: s Place doors. 32" d. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. False 2. 36" c. a. Custom 3. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . s Align a door or window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Copy a door or window. s Place a window. 32" b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. a. True b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 40" d. s Position a door or window. General Questions 1. 30" c. 34" 4. Standard b. 28" b. If a room is used for sleeping.

a. Click Flip Direction. False 2. Offset c. you: a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Insert d. To change the swing direction of a door: a. a. Clone b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. False 5. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. True b.Doors and Windows . Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Click Door Properties. 6. True b. Link c. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. b. a. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Right-click. Use door grips to reposition. you use ________. Select the door. A reference plane b. a. c. Select the door. d. Copy 8. Select the door. Load from Library b. To change the location of a door or window.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To center a door or window in a wall. Duplicate d. Load c. The center snap 7. a. Click Door Properties. 4. True b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Select the door. Properties 3. Click Modify > Flip Direction. d. you use: a. c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. b.

3. (Student) Evaluate students. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 6. s Modify stair boundaries. you will be able to: s Create stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. Review stairs and railings. s Create railings. Lesson Plan 1. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .

206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. List the different stair types.Stairs and Railings . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. After completing this lesson.

and math standards. Technology. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. engineering. Engineering.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Then. Once the actual riser height is determined. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number.

and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.

This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This saves space when changing direction. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Due to building code. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

s Riser height: 4" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum.Stairs and Railings . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. About Stairs and Railings s 215 .

You can define straight runs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). engineering. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. or tread. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. The riser and run values update accordingly. To review the list of standards for each lesson. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. In multistory buildings. and stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. s Create U-shaped stairs. ramps. Technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. or vertical circulation. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. which includes elevators. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. s Add a railing. and spiral stairs. As you move the cursor. L-shaped runs with a landing. s Modify stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings . For safety reasons. of certain horizontal depth or run. This lesson relates to technology. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and math standards. you will be able to: s Create stairs.

On the Properties palette. From the courseware datasets folder. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. 3. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Zoom in Region to the lobby. you create stairs using a straight run. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Before you create the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 217 . open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This file is in metric units.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.rvt.

Click OK to close the dialog box. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 5. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. On the Home tab. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can define either a straight run or a circular run. In this case.4. These tools are used to define your stairs.Stairs and Railings . you create a straight run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. click Stairs. Run is preselected. Circulation panel.

click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. To change the run dimension. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. As you move the cursor up. You can continue to move the cursor up. select Finish (green check). 10. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. 9.6. Select this intersection point to start your run. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 7. Revit displays the number of risers you created. 8. You can also enter a distance of 4400. and then click to define the run of stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. On the Mode panel. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. If you have not fully created the run.

220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you created and placed a straight run stair. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. In this exercise. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.Stairs and Railings . To avoid overwriting the original file. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.11. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.rvt. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 12. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 13. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. and switched to a 3D view. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. click application menu > Save As > Project.

The stair is not centered on the landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.rvt. 2. On the Modify tab. click Align. Level 1. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Activate view Floor Plans. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Stairs and Railings s 221 .Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Edit panel. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run.

You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. select Wall centerlines. 5.4. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. The Align command remains active. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Options Bar. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. Click the center of the wall first.Stairs and Railings . from the Prefer list. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Click the center of the stairs. which is located at the center of the stairs. Take time to make the selections correctly.

Select the stairs. Change Width to 1350. As you prehighlight them. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. and Dimensions subsections. On the Properties palette. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. enter Lobby Stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. 9. Graphics. 7. expand Sections (Building Section). railings were created with the stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . s Click Duplicate. s For Name. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread.6. On the Properties palette. 8. s Click OK. click Edit Type. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Hover the cursor over the railing. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. In the Project Browser.

Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.10. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Cherry s s Click Modify.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Stairs and Railings .

Delete this line. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. The railings change. click Edit Sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . In the Type Selector. 14. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top.12. The stair changes to the run sketch. Mode panel. Next. s Zoom in on the stairs. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. 13. Click it to select it. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Select the stairs (not a railing). s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line.

Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. click Boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click the left end of the top riser. 19. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.15. s On the Modify panel. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 17. To place the second arc endpoint. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 16. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 18.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the arc. s Select the arc boundary you just created. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. Click Modify.

select the middle of the seventh riser going up. This will define a rounded first step. On the Draw panel. click Riser. Click CenterEnds-Arc. 20. First. the arc center point.21. Click to exit the Mirror command. For the third point. Next. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the endpoint of the right boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. Stairs and Railings s 227 .

23. You also modified the properties of a railing. In this exercise.22. On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open the {3D} view to see the results. you modified stair properties and boundaries.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt. click Finish. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.

place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. 3. 2. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Click Modify. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Select the right side railing. In this case. you sketch the plan view path. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Therefore. For simple railings. Zoom into the landing area as shown. you need to define a path for the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. The completed exercise To create a railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. you add a railing to a second floor landing. This is typically done in plan view. To make sure you are selecting the railing.rvt from the previous exercise.

230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . click Line. Once the railing is selected. To set the exact distance. 5. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. edit the temporary dimension. 6. select Chain.4. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. You do not need to add dimensions. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall.Stairs and Railings . on the Modify | Railings tab. Mode panel. Then. s s On the Options Bar. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. 7. On the Draw panel. click Edit Path. Select Finish to exit the railing definition.

Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 8. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete your lines and try again.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 9. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.rvt. In this exercise. you used sketch tools to create a railing.

set the Offset value to 850.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 2. In this exercise. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Options Bar. In a floor plan view. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Work Plane panel.rvt from the previous exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s On the Home tab. you create a reference plane. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. Create a Reference Plane 1. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.Stairs and Railings . Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1.

5. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Matte 2. Dark Gray. Click OK twice. For Name. click Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 3. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. On the Home tab. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click Edit Type. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Circulation panel. 4. To start sketching the run. change the Width parameter to 900. Pull the cursor straight up. On the Properties palette. Click OK. enter Exit Stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. 6.

Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to place the first run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Press ENTER. Move the pointer to the right. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 9. Click to finish the stair run.7. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 8. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. with none remaining to be created.Stairs and Railings . enter 1925.

10. Remove the additional lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Click Finish Stairs again. it is because you have overlapping lines. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. You want to inspect your stairs. On the Stairs panel. click Finish Stairs. 2. On the View Control bar. but they are hidden behind walls. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Use Hide/Isolate 1. 11. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. To remove the lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. you select Continue to return the sketch. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Select the two walls of the stair tower. If you get an error message.

you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. 3. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. In this exercise.3. This is a multistory stair. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Reset the Display 1. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Zoom in to see your stairs. you learned to create a reference plane. 4. The walls are now hidden. The stairs update to become multistory stairs.rvt. The exterior walls reappear. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Select the stairs so they highlight. On the Properties palette. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.Stairs and Railings . 5. 6. On the View Control Bar. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 2. and to create a U-shaped stair. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Finally.

and elevators. escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps.

s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Include landings as required by your local building code. this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. and deliver riders without wait time. They cost less. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. but they can also be highly decorative.Stairs and Railings . They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. smoke guards.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today.

b. a. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. General Questions 1. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. s Modify stair boundaries. 180 degrees 3. a. 25 degrees b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. s Create railings. False Summary/Questions s 239 . 40" 4. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 90 degrees d. you learned to: s Create stairs. 30" b. True b. 45 degrees c. and all treads should be the same run. a. 36" d. False 2. True b. 32" c.

risers b. You can apply materials to different stair components. Manage d. Pick New Host b. Fasten Railing 5. you use the _______ option. Boundary lines. risers 3. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. that is. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. True b. Railings. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Modify c. a.Stairs and Railings .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Run. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Align Railing d. To create railings on stairs without railings. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Insert 2. a. risers and treads. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. False 6. riser lines c. Rectangle c. riser d. True b. Line b. Circle 4. a. Home b. Treads. Attach Railing c. a. Arc d.

Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 3. (Student) 9. (Student) 5. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 11. Review of roof types. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Evaluate Students. s Place gutters.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 4. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 7. s Place fascia. (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof.

It addresses roof construction. Calculate the rise. and pitch of a sloped roof. and downspouts. gutters. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. Identify the different roof types.Roofs . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. tiles. roof types. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. After completing this lesson. run. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs.

s Rake: The inclined. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. engineering. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. Engineering. About Roofs s 243 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. and Language Arts. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and math standards. technology. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

the roofing pattern. brands. texture. They come in several types. both low and steep. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. durability. maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and low maintenance roofing material. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resulting in at least one textured face. You can use them for many different applications. and sunlight. texture. and color. These are used more often on upscale homes. maintenance. fire-resistant. Sloped roofs. and if visible. and if visible. About Roofs s 245 . Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and color. durability. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. are designed for shedding water and snow. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. snow. resistance to wind and fire. resistance to wind and fire. and sun. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and colors. rot.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. as well as how effective a shelter it is. the roofing pattern. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation.

A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. odor. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. treatment for insects. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. and so forth). but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. Therefore. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. and require little maintenance. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. special characteristics (for example. Unfortunately. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. consider such factors as cost. zinc alloy. and insulating capability (R-value). This same roof on a clear. galvanized steel. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. reinforced plastic. or corrugated structural glass. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. choose a type that will suit your needs.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. quality. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. When choosing the insulation for your job. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. durable. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. They are fire-resistant. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes.Roofs . galvanized steel. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . fiberglass.

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs . Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. but the two sides are not symmetrical. where as. The run value is typically equal to 12. A number indicates the value of the rise. run. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.

254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 and 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.Roofs . and pitch is noted as a fraction. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 on 12. 7 to 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. 7-12.

Roofs s 255 . s Assign roof structure and materials. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. or eaves. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. and fascia. Once you create a roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Create a hip roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. you work with massing shapes and not building components. often supporting a gutter. s Create various roof types. water. soffits. dormers. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. snow. or ice. you can add gutters. or roof overhangs. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Place gutters. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. that convey rainwater to drains. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. To create a roof by the extrusion method. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Create a roof fascia. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. To create a roof by face. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. and must have a system for draining water away from the building.

This lesson relates to science.Roofs . and Language Arts. Technology. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Math (STEM). and math standards. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

To create an extruded roof. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 2. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.. Open ADA_Roofs. you create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. 4. Click OK to continue. select the Name option. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise.

Draw panel. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. On the Work Plane panel. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. click Line. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 2. 6. Before sketching the roof's profile. click Ref Plane. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.Roofs . s Use the image below for guidance. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Go To View dialog box. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. 3. 4. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. The section view should display as shown. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar.5. Click Open View. select Section: Section 1. Drawing Reference Planes 1.

sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2.6. Using the image below for guidance. Roofs s 259 . s Click the EQ toggle. 5. Using a positive offset value. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Select the new dimension. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click Modify. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.

enter Horizontal. Click Modify. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you can label them. 7. 2. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. On the Mode panel. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Click OK.Roofs . On the Properties palette. 4. 1. click Finish (green check). for Name. click Chain. click Line. s On the Options Bar. Right-click. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 3. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 5. 6.

8. Roofs s 261 .12" type. Switch to a 3D view. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9.

Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. click Join/Unjoin Roof. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 1.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 2. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof.Roofs . you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. carefully select the far right roof edge. On the Modify tab. This is a two-step process. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. 3. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Using the images for guidance. Edit Geometry panel. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.

4. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. However. On the Modify Wall panel. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. To select both walls together. select Attach Wall: Top. click Attach: Top/ Base. Select the roof. On the Options Bar. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Roofs s 263 . This will join the wall tops to the roof. Trim Walls 1. Select both walls. open the view Sections: Section 1. In the Project Browser. 2. 3.

s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view.4.rvt. The roof now looks correct. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5. In this exercise. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

From the drop-down list. The footprint sketch is created at 2. a dialog box is displayed. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Build panel. Because you are in a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . by Footprint. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. from existing walls.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Unit7_first_roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. In this exercise. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. so you look straight down as in a plan. 3.rvt. Click Yes. select Garage Roof. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. 1. 4. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. On the Home tab. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties.

To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.5. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s On Options Bar. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. click Defines Slope. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 7. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 6. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. If you place a line on the wrong side. 8. Next.Roofs . click Pick Walls.0". select the vertical wall on the left. clear the Defines slope option. Use the image below for guidance.

To complete the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click Modify. Click the 9"/12" text. defining lines separately. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. 2. It becomes an editable field. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. change the value to 6"/12". The new roof displays. 1. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Other controls also display. Select the right side roof line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. click Finish.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Change this value to 6"/12". 3. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. By default. Roofs s 267 . In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Select the left slope defining line. click Yes. That value displays next to the slope arrow.

268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.Roofs . In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt. 5.

The file opens to a 3D view. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Build panel. 2. you create a gable roof using a footprint. set the overhang to 1' 0". When all of the walls prehighlight. click to select them. Clear Defines Slope. On Home tab. To chain-select all of the walls. 3.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4.rvt. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Roofs s 269 . Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. On the Options Bar. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.

4. On the Draw panel. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Roofs . Right-click. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area. 2.Create a Roof Opening 1. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the image for guidance. verify the 0' 0" Offset. click Rectangle. As an alternate. 3.

select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 2. As in the previous exercise. 6. click Yes. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. Select the left lower horizontal line. Select the uppermost.Add Slope Lines 1. horizontal line. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 3. Roofs s 271 . Click Finish. 4. The slope indicator displays. 5. select the Defines Slope.

you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.7. 8. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . attached walls. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.rvt.Roofs . and chimney penetration.

Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. set Overhang to 2' . Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 4. 2. The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Select Defines Slope. 5. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.0". Roofs s 273 . Zoom into the area shown.rvt. Create the Roof 1. 3. you create a hip roof. Build panel. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Select the three walls shown in the image. On the Options Bar.

274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . To close the roof sketch. click Line. Click OK.Roofs . Click Finish to complete the roof. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. In addition. On the Properties palette. s s Clear Defines Slope. Raise the Roof 1. s On the Draw panel.0". 3.7. 6. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. 2. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Switch to a 3D View. you use the Line tool. Right-click the ViewCube.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.

2. you created a hip roof using a footprint. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . In this exercise.rvt.

6. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. click Line. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Clear Defines Slope. 5. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. click Pick Walls. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Draw panel.rvt. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Roofs s 277 . Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create a Shed Roof 1. 2. 7. 3.

9. 11. Right-click the line. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Click Toggle Slope Defining. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 12. 10.8. 13.Roofs . Click Modify. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. On the Properties palette. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the lower.

rvt. 16. 15. click Yes.14. Roofs s 279 . 17. Click OK. Switch to a 3D view. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 18. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Finish the Roof. In this exercise.

Open the Default 3D view. 3. 2. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Select the Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.rvt. The roof updates. 4. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Cutoff Level list. On the menu bar. 5. Activate the view North Elevation. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . You see four levels defined in the model. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. select Level 3. On the Properties palette. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.Roofs .

11. Finish the Roof. On the Options Bar. 9. Switch to a 3D View. 7. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 13.rvt. Zoom and spin to see your model. select Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.6. click Pick Lines. Roofs s 281 . 8. 12. On the Home tab. To set the slope for the new roof. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. In this exercise. On the Draw panel. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. set the slope value to 3"/12". on the Properties palette. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 10.

Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Select the main roof over the house.Roofs . 2. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . The file should open to a 3D view.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. In the Type Selector. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 1. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 3.

It is a generic roof type. 2. Roofs s 283 . For Structure Value. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. click Edit. enter Clay Tile. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 4. Click Insert to add a layer. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. 5. s Click OK. Select Layer 2 as shown. click Duplicate. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile.Define a Roof Structure 1. Select the roof over the garage. 3.

7. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In this exercise. The garage roof displays a pattern. select Model.s s s In the Materials dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 8.rvt. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 6. Click OK twice.Roofs . Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.

you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. 3.rvt. 4. Click Open. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 2. to support a gutter. On the Home tab. or for decoration. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. click Roof > Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Roofs s 285 . In the Open dialog box. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. In this exercise. On the Insert tab.rfa.

enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. In the Type Properties dialog box.5. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Matte. Set the Material value to Metal . Click OK. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.Paint Finish Ivory.Roofs . 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Edit Type. Click Duplicate. For Name. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. for Profile. 6.

8. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 . Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia. In this exercise. 9.rvt.

select Gutter .rvt. click Edit Type. Click OK. 5. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Bevel: 5" x 5". 6. select Metal Aluminum. click Roof > Gutter.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . 2. 3. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. s Click Duplicate. On the Home tab. The completed exercise 4. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK. Place Gutters In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. you add gutters to a building. Under Material parameter. The file should open to a 3D view. For Name. 1. under Profile parameter.

Roofs s 289 . Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.7. In this exercise. 10. 9.rvt. you attached gutters to a roof. Segments will clean up at corners. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. If you click the interior face. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 8. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 11. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . heat.Roofs . water.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .m. s Using your own house. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.

s Define a roof structure. None of the above 3. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a. False 2. True b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Low b. Shed 4. True b. s Place fascia. Gable b. a. the run is always 12.Roofs . When referring to roof slope. Medium c. High d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Place gutters. General Questions 1. Gambrel d. Hip c. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.

Sketch. Roofs can be created using ______. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. TAB b. a. a. Slope c. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Cut/Lengthen c. True b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Add Slope b. Trim/Extend b. ENTER 4. Extrusion d. Footprint. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. True b. Material 8. a. Expand/Contract 6. you use: a. Create an opening. Walls d. b. False 5. d. lines c. a. 10. Change the direction of the slope. Turn slopes on or off. Change the direction of the roof. pick d. extrusion.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Defines Slope c. ______ or _______. DEL d. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. face b. place a check mark next to: a. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. To add a slope to a roofline. Footprint b. profile. extrusion. profile 2. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Sketch c. SHIFT c. c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. False 7. sketch. Create Slope d. Face 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. a. a. a. A compound roof contains layers. True b. Footprint. Footprint b. Activate Slope 9. Walls.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create a section view. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Lesson Plan 1. s Create filled regions.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create material annotations. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .

A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. In a commercial structure. floor. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Sections are used to examine the roof. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. the location of special equipment. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. the kitchen. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for.Sections and Elevations . cabinetry. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. bathrooms. After completing this lesson. and tool racks. In a residential building. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and special equipment. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Math (STEM). and math standards. engineering. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Engineering.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

and are properly cross-referenced. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. across its narrower dimension. framing. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . on the long axis of the building. t Cross or transverse sections.Sections and Elevations . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and foundation plans.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned.

partial. full. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. and steel. unnecessary. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

such as doors and windows. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s The position relationship between different elements. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations. it is acceptable to decrease the scale.

Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. You may. For a wood structure. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. however. South. and so forth. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. East. Unnecessary Information Shades. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. cars. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. For siding. this is reversed. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. people. the titles assigned (North. The size of the object is listed first." Mfr. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. With interior elevations. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and then the name of the material. For example. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Therefore. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. shadows. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . or methods of installation. followed by any additional information about spacing. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. quantity. bushes.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building.

doors and direction of door swings.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. and types of finish materials used. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Molding is usually made of plaster. tile. The trim is usually glued into place. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". which is a formed pressboard. This is more costly than regular overlay. It may have curves. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. and special equipment such as toilets. wood. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. and materials used.Sections and Elevations . This is usually done using a topset. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. or linoleum) and the wall. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. and other appliances. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. or decorative patterns. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. or MDF. windows. casements. dishwashers. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. or a baseboard. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . flush overlay. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Molding is normally decorative in nature. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. coving. other openings. doors. Hinges are concealed. chamfers. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. and lip. shelf arrangements. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed.

s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Change the section head. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Place a section view on a sheet. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Add slope annotations. which you can then add to a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Create an interior elevation. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line.

Math (STEM).Sections and Elevations . To review the list of standards for each lesson. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. A section is a horizontal view. and Language Arts. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Once created. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. like an elevation. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. technology. engineering.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design.

For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. elevation. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . provided its crop region intersects the view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. or other section view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane.

Sections and Elevations . By resizing the crop region.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. the section does not display in the elevation view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. which is spoken as 2 in 12. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Slope is also referred to as pitch. In the example shown. Once you create the detail section. such as anchor bolts and siding. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Add structural details. s Add breaklines as needed. So. Details are crucial for effective construction. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. the slope of this roof is 2:12. In a set of construction documents. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. The slope is the ratio rise:run. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. s Add detail notes.

try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

Sections and Elevations s 311 . Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Create a Section View 1. Create panel. 2. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. The file opens to a 3D view. Open the file ADA_Sections. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". click Section. 4. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The completed exercise 6.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 3.rvt. The Section command is available from the View tab. On the View tab.

This is called the crop region. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut.Sections and Elevations . The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. 2. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. and it has control grips to resize it. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. Section Properties 1. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. On the Properties palette. The actual location is not critical. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 3.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. With the section line selected.

The section view updates. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible.rvt. 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Clear Crop Region Visible. Sections and Elevations s 313 .4. 8. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). In this exercise. you automatically created a section view. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 6. 7. When you drew the section line. change Far Clip Offset to 10. In the Properties palette. The view is listed in your Project Browser.

2. 4. Click OK. In this exercise.rfa. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. The view does not change.Sections and Elevations . Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Click Open to load the family. On the Insert tab. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .1 point Filled. click Load Family. 5. Several section head families are available. click Duplicate. Load from Library panel. Select Section Head-Open. For Name. On the Manage tab. Section Head . 7. enter Open Arrow. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.rvt. They include Section Head . 6. and Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.Filled.No Arrow. Settings panel. 3.

Click OK. In this exercise. select Open Arrow.rvt. Save as Unit8_section_open. For Section Head. click Edit Type.Open. 11. The section head updates to the new head type. For Name. enter Open Arrow. 12. Select the section line. Sections and Elevations s 315 . On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate. 9. Click OK. select Section Head . 13. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.8. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 14. In the Section Tag field. 10.

it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. To reposition the callout head.rvt. 5. Use the image below for guidance.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 3. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 2. This is a building section. 6. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. click Callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. select the border of the callout. Create panel. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". On the Options Bar.

On the Properties palette. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. select Chain. but not strongly. 2. 3. On the Draw panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. detail components. 8. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You can add detail lines.rvt. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. click Region > Filled Region. as shown. Detail panel. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Annotate tab. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Sections and Elevations s 317 . 1. Line is selected automatically. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it.7. On the Options Bar. 4. region patterns. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail.

Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.5. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Modify. 7. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties.Sections and Elevations . 6. enter Earth. Select the upper and right side lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For Name.

select Finish (green check). On the Mode panel. 9. click Component > Detail Component. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. click Load Family. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 1. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. the pattern becomes visible. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. 2. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Place Detail Component tab. 3.Section. Click Open. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Click OK.rfa. If you zoom in closer. From the Fill Pattern list. Detail panel.8.

5.4. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Click OK. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. In the Specify Types dialog box. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.Sections and Elevations .

6. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Using the image below for guidance. 7. Add another Detail Component. Move it after placement if necessary. 8. From the Type Selector list. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 321 . You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.

Use the image below for guidance. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. select anchor bolt. 11. The exact vertical placement is not critical. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 12. Click Component > Detail Component. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . set the Thickness to 3/4". Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 10. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations . Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. From the Type Selector. This component represents the subflooring. Select the vertical plywood. Place the component similarly to the image below.9.

Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Modify panel of the context tab. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Copy.13. 14. select Multiple. select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. Use the image below for guidance. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Add another Detail Component. Click Modify.

On the Annotate tab. Save the file. From the Line Style Selector. 16.Sections and Elevations . Start at the end of the siding.15. click Detail Line. 2. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Wide Lines. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Detail panel. Add Detail Lines 1.

Still using Wide Lines. 4. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 5.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.

identified as Wall material 1. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Right-click. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 2. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Add Insulation 1. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Select the wall so it highlights. 10. click Insulation. Detail panel. select the Material field in row 3.6. 7. 9. Click Edit in the Structure field.Sections and Elevations . Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. The wall display updates. On the Annotate tab. 8. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Next. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Modify. Save the file.

The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Your view should resemble the image shown.2. From the Type Selector. 1. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. click Component > Detail Component. select Break Line. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. Sections and Elevations s 327 .

Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.Sections and Elevations . 7. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The view should resemble the image shown. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. In this exercise. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. To complete the detail. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 5.4. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. You place another breakline. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Save the file. detail lines. Click Zoom to Fit. The Detail Component tool is still active. and detail components to it. Place the breakline as shown. 6.

The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. With nothing selected in the view. quantity. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. 2. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. To add notes.rvt. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. The size of the object is listed first. or methods of installation. weatherproofing. 3. The border around the view will disappear. s Clear Annotation Crop. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. and ventilation methods in construction documents. 1. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values.

From the Type list. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.Sections and Elevations . Finally. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. click Text. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 7. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . As you pull your cursor to the right. R13. 9. Text panel. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 8. On the Format panel. 10. 6. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 12. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.4" WEATHERING. click Two Segments. leader arrow as shown.4. Move the pointer up 11. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 5. insulation. On the Annotate tab. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one.

Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.C. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.. Start the next text at the baseboard. O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the floorboard.13. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. CONT is short for Continuous. Click off the text to finish the entry. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. . Start the next text at the interior wall. 20. 19. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.. 15. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. 18. 17. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.TYPE X. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. 14.C. or wood treated with preservative against rot.C.C. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. as the second line of text. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 16. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 5/8" GWB .

Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click ENTER to start a second line. 22. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Click Zoom to Fit.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. In this exercise. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click Modify.. 23. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 21.

Click Open. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. The new sheet becomes the current view. 5. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. In this exercise.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 3. section. highlight Sheets. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Right-click. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click New Sheet. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 4. or elevation view. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 6. In the Project Browser. Locate the A-Landscape.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. and locate the detail view on it. Highlight your title block. you create a new sheet with your custom title block.rvt. 2. click Load. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Sections and Elevations s 333 . you will want to add the views to a sheet.

Both Level ends will move together. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. On the View Control Bar. click Show Crop Region. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 8. 9. click Hide Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click the control at its left end. select view Detail at Foundation. In the Project Browser. Drag it to the right. Select a Level Line. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar.Sections and Elevations . close to the crop border.7. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.

13. In the Project Browser. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Right-click. Click OK. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter S. 11. Click Zoom to Fit.10. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. For Name.301. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Click Rename. Sections and Elevations s 335 . For Number. 12. In this exercise. you: s Created a new sheet.rvt. highlight the new sheet.

The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 2.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. and west. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Right-click. 4. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Click OK. Select Elevations. four elevation views are included: north. east. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Click Zoom to Fit. s Add material notes. s Add slope indication for roof. 3. s Set the display for building components as needed.Sections and Elevations . s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. It is defined by the green dotted line. Click the Annotations tab. Open ADA_Elevations. 6. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 5. south. When you create a project with a template. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Add any necessary dimensions. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 2. The elevation markers are now visible.

2. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the View Control Bar. 3. clear Sections. 4. On the Modelling tab. 5. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Planting. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. On the Annotations tab. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Next. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view.

In the Type Properties dialog box. select Edit in the Structure field. Click Zoom to Fit. Click the button that displays to select a material. click Edit Type. Select the Material field for Layer 1. you activated an elevation view. In this exercise. Select Sand. click to open the list. In Surface Pattern. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. modified its display. 11.Exterior Stucco. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes.7. Select the wall. It will be identified as Condo .rvt. and modified the wall display characteristics. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 10.Sections and Elevations . 9. 13. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file as Unit8_elevation. On the Properties palette. 8. 12.

rvt.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Sections and Elevations s 339 . The size of the object is listed first. 5. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Add a note for the stone wall. 2. Set the Leader type to One Segment. or methods of installation. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. In the Type Selector. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. 4. quantity. Enter TX. Add a note for the foundation. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. 3.

rvt. Add a note for the brick wall. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the roof. 9.6. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 8. 7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. On the Annotate tab. 3. 1. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 4.rvt. enter 1/8". 6. Click to select the roof line. Click again to locate the slope indicator. click Spot Slope. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. 5. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 2. select Triangle. Dimension panel. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Options Bar. For Offset from Reference. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Sections and Elevations s 341 . from the Slope Representation list.

10. 11. click Aligned. Dimension panel. Click to select the roof line.7. 9. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. Click Modify. Click to locate the slope indicator. On the Annotate tab. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8.Sections and Elevations .

slope indicators. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. To create a continuous dimension as shown.12. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 13. leaders. The west elevation now contains material notes. and dimensions for clarity. 14.rvt. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. and vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels.

dimensions. Right-click. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.Sections and Elevations . Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Click Open View. In this exercise. Highlight the view. special closets. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. and cabinetry. kitchens. 3. equipment rooms. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. 2.rvt.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. In the Project Browser. Click Find Referring Views. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. This view was already defined in the drawing. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Aligned. Dimension panel. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. click OK. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Clear Use Project Settings. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. In the Name box. Click the value field for Units Format 8. 5. 7. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Right-click. On the Annotate tab. 6. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line.4. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. s s s s Click Duplicate. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.

346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9. You modified a dimension style. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. detail the interior section.rvt. In this exercise. Using the Text and Dimension tools. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. 10. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.

Indicate the location of doors and windows. The direction the structure is facing. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create material annotations. s Create filled regions. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. False 3. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Show the relationships between elements. Not in Contract c. is always the true orientation. Not in Concrete b. d. Cabinetry d. b. 2. 4. such as north. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Bathrooms and kitchens b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. All of the above. c. s Create a section view. All of the above 5. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Nobody in Charge d. it depends. The direction the viewer is facing. c. Walls c. True b. a. General Questions 1. Either one. s Create slope annotations. b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view.

The height of the view. you use: a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. The Visual Style of the view. b.Sections and Elevations . The boundaries of the view. Sun and Shadow b. Element properties c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. 4. c. False 2. b. North 3. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Click Add View. True b. East b. Right-click. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. click Sheet Composition > View. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. c. b and c. The detail level of the view. False 5. a. d. d. Which elevation is it? a. a. True b. On the View tab. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. but not a 6. The dotted line indicates: a. South d. West c.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Lesson Plan 1. 6. s Reformat a schedule. 4.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Export a schedule. 3. Review Schedules. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Load a schedule tag.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. height. Technology. This lesson relates to science. width. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and math standards. About Schedules s 351 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Some of these building objects include. Engineering. and thickness. Math (STEM). such as reference number. technology. and Language Arts. engineering.

352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. the same primary information is included. There are different types of schedule tables. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. depending on the style of the architectural firm. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. However. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Instance. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

Using the software. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. window. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. and A for appliances. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.Schedules . E for electrical. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . However. The following image shows door. Other letters are P for plumbing. hexagon. Like schedules. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. A circle. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols.

s Add room tags. Project templates include preset schedules. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules s 355 . Engineering. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. technology. Technology. engineering. and you can create your own schedules. equipment. windows. Schedules list items such as doors. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Create a room schedule. s Export a schedule. materials. Math (STEM). rooms. hardware.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

rvt. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. and you set the schedule to display totals. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. 2.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.

On the View tab. 6. Select Windows from the list. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Click Add. and Width. Schedules s 357 . You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. 3. select Comments. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Add Count. Type Mark. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. In Available Fields.s Window Tag 5. 7. 4. Level. Height. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Continue to add fields to the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.

The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules . A view opens with the schedule you just defined. from left to right. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown.8. Select the fields. 9. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Select Blank Line. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Schedules s 359 . 2. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. select Type Mark. 1. From the Sort By list. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 3. but without any useful calculations yet. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.

Schedules . you can have the schedule report this. 1. clear Itemize Every Instance. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Notice how the schedule has changed. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. 3. On the Properties palette. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. In the Project Browser. Rather than make a manual calculation. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. in the Then By sorting field. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. in this case). for Sorting/ Grouping. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. 4. click the schedule name. click Edit. In order to calculate the total number of windows. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. select Level.

On the Properties palette. From the list. click Edit 7. and Totals. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Footer. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. s Set the schedule to display category totals. select Title.5. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. The totals for each window type now display.rvt. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping. In this exercise. 6. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Count. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Schedules s 361 .

Schedules . you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 3.rvt. 4. Room size. 5. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Room & Area panel. occupancy. ceiling type. floor type. In this exercise. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. On the Home tab. 2. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Locate the file named Room Tag. Click Open. click Room > Room.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . based on the amount of space in each room.

a total of 7. 6. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 8. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 7. Schedules s 363 . Room & Area panel. click Room > Room Separation Line. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. On the Home tab. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. and in the hall as shown. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule.In the Type Selector.

On the Room & Area panel. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 12. The area value for Room 7 updates. Place a room tag below the room separation line. s Click the Room text. Select Room #2.9. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 11. 13. The room tag updates. 10. s Change the word Room to Manager. click Room. An edit box activates. Click Modify. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.Schedules .

Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. 15. you: s Loaded a room tag. On the Properties palette. enter Sales. s Added a room separation.rvt. In this exercise. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. s Tagged various objects. Schedules s 365 . Save the file as Unit9_rooms.14. s Changed room tag field values. for Name.

you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 2. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 6. Click OK.Schedules . Name. The New Schedule dialog box displays. For Name. 3. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. and Area to be included in your schedule. 4.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Click Add--> after each selection. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Create panel. select Number. On the View tab. Set the Sort By value to Number. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown.rvt. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Create a Room Schedule 1. enter Square Footage Report. In the Available Fields pane. The completed exercise 5.

s Set Alignment to Right. 8. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places.7. Select Title and Totals from the list. Schedules s 367 . Highlight the Number field. 10. In the Format dialog box. Click OK. clear Use Project Settings. Click the Formatting tab. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Area field. s Select Calculate Totals. Select Grand Totals. Change the Heading to No. 9.

s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. Click OK to exit the dialog box.Schedules . You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 12. you: s Created a room schedule.11.rvt.

Note the formatting that has been applied. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 3. 4. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Click Save. On the application menu. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Browse to a directory to save your report.txt) file. The file is created. 5. Click OK. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. you export the room schedule to a text file. Using your Windows Explorer.rvt. Schedules s 369 . click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Double-click it to open it. 6. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 2. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. locate the file you created. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. You can then use this file in other applications.

370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. Close the text file.7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.Schedules . 8. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.

a. Questions 1. A list of sheets used in a project. A list of information that defines specific building objects. s Load a schedule tag. d. What is a schedule table? a. False 4. Quantity c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. 2. c. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. b. s Reformat a schedule. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. True b. Instance 3. s Place a schedule tag. a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Matrix d. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Type b. None of the above. True b.

Schedules . Modify 2. a. View c. Home d. CSV d. XLS c. Application menu d. Annotate b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. TXT b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. use the ____ . all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. Manage tab 3. To export a schedule. View tab c. Annotate tab b.

2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. Review Visualization. 4. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Lesson Plan 1. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .

s Create and edit a walkthrough. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. After completing this lesson. s Play a walkthrough. s Assign materials. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Orient walls and windows. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Apply shading to a view. Technology. you create a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Create a raytrace rendering. or camera on a path.Visualization . Math (STEM). s Export a DWG file. and Language Arts. Finally. Engineering. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Export a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Export an FBX file. s Add planting components. s Place a camera.

Open Unit2_custom_family. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. s Make a camera view the active view. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 .Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You worked on animations. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.rvt. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. To prepare your model for rendering. courseware datasets. Click Zoom to Fit. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. s s 2. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design.

For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium.3. 6. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Right-click. Select any exterior wall. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls. 5.Visualization . 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The wall display updates. 4. If you do not see any change in the wall display. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Stud. The walls now display layers of materials.

Open the Default 3D view. Right-click.7. Select the toposurface object. Click Change wall's orientation. Select Site: Grass. 10. On the Properties palette. Visualization s 377 . In addition to using the control arrows. Repeat the process for the windows. Select walls. Click OK. you can: s s s 9. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. 8. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.

rvt. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . This will filter the file list. 3. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. 12. select Autodesk (*. Select the file name. and click Open. In the Select File to Import dialog box.11. for Files of type. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.FBX). click Import > Import.Visualization . Click OK in any notices and warnings. On the application menu. 2. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Save the file as Unit10_Export. you have completed this exercise. Export the Model to FBX 1.

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. click Next. Depending on your system resources. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to DWG 1. If necessary. Visualization s 379 . you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 2.rvt. Note the file location. open Unit10_Export. 3.4. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. There is no way to update it from Revit. On the application menu. Open or return to Revit. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Close the file without saving. you have completed this exercise. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.

rvt. open Unit10_Export. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Select two windows as shown. Open or return to Revit. Open 3ds Max Design. In the File Link Manager . Click Open. 7.4. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If necessary. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click Attach This File. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. Close the File Link Manager. click File.max. 5. 9. click References > File Link Manager. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.Visualization . Select the file name. 6. 8.

click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.10. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 11. On the application menu. The windows have updated. Save the file. 12. 13. Open the 3D view. In the dialog box. Save the export file using the same name as before. Visualization s 381 .

s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. 15. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Changed a material definition. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The windows have changed.14. The linked file updates. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Click Reload. s Oriented walls and windows. Open the File Link Manager. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. In this exercise. Open the Files tab.Visualization . s Close the File Link Manager. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.

2. as shown. change materials. you place a camera in a model. click Camera. Open Unit10_Export. generate a rendering. Place a Camera 1.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. 3. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. In this exercise. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Visualization s 383 . add plantings to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Open the Site view. If you place the camera too close to the model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. and create a second rendering. Create panel. On the View tab.rvt.

Right-click. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. click Show Rendering Dialog. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Return to the perspective view. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 5. The camera will be visible. The camera perspective view opens. Open the Site view again. select Very Few Clouds.Visualization . 7. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. If necessary. On the View Control Bar. Click Show Camera. 6. s s s s Open a floor plan view.4. Render Setup 1. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.

Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Click Render. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Output Settings. click Site Component. Open view 3D View 1.30' approximately as shown.3. On the Massing & Site tab. and Lighting. 2. 3. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Click Render. Enhance the Model 1. Model Site panel. Open the Site view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Visualization s 385 . Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary.

and you can now select elements for editing. Change Materials 1. 5.4. click OK. In the Materials list. Select the roof. select Roofing . Revit places the image in its own view. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view. In the Rendering dialog box. 6. Select an exterior wall. click Show the Model. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 2. On the Properties palette. Click Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type.Wood Shake. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. In the Save to Project dialog box. 5. 4.Visualization . 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Save to Project. 3. In the Layer 1 Material field.

Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click Replace. 7. Visualization s 387 . 8.10. Click the Render Appearance tab. 9.

Brick Uniform Running Brown. 13.Visualization . click Save to Project. s Placed site planting components in the model. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.11. Select Masonry . 16. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. 12. In the Rendering dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. s Generated and captured a render image. 15. In this exercise. These images are now available as options to present to a client. The new image is placed in its own view. s Created a raytrace setup. click Render. s Generated and captured a second render image. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 14. Click OK. Save the file as Unit10_render. In the Rendering dialog box.

s Right-click. click to the left of the model as shown. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Edit the camera and path. in a project model. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Open floor plan view Level 1. 4. or frame. 2.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. click 3d View > Walkthrough. Visualization s 389 . The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. rendered. or walkthroughs. 3. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. and exported individually. In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click again. Each view. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Open Unit10_render. Create panel. To place a key frame.rvt. s On the View tab. s View the animation in a media player. The camera and path can be edited. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Click Zoom to Fit. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.

Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 11. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Select the direction control for the camera. 10. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 8. Walkthrough panel. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. click Finish Walkthrough. 7. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. The Options Bar changes. The camera is located on the final key frame. 6. On the Modify | Cameras tab.Visualization . Repeat for all the key frames.5. Walkthrough panel. 9. click Edit Walkthrough. Drag it to the left. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Edit Walkthrough. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Check the view in several key frames. click Next Key Frame. From the Controls list. select Path. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 391 .12. 3. If camera positions distort. Click Open. On the Walkthrough panel. 2. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. The path displays control dots at key frames. 13.

rvt. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click OK. 2. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Click Play. Export the Walkthrough 1. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 2.Visualization . Click Save. On the application menu. notice where you save the file. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . File Name. click OK. In the Video Compression dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Length/Format dialog box. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 3. 4. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough.

Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Plan your class time accordingly. such as shaded or rendering. It plays in your media player. Visualization s 393 .5. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. 6. Double-click the new file name. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.

394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . save the Revit Architecture file. s Played the animation file in a media player. If you have made changes to the building model. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.Visualization . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path.7. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.

View > Shading d. a. s Play a walkthrough.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. False 2. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Export an FBX file. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Split b. s Create a raytrace rendering. False Summary/Questions s 395 . A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Export a walkthrough. s Add planting components. a. s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. True b. Align c. s Assign materials. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. True b. True b. Demolish 2. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Apply shading to a view. Export > FBX 3. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you use: a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Print to File b. s Export a DWG file. Questions 1. Save As > FBX c. a.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

foundations. Review structural columns. beams and braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. 5. beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. you learn how to place structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 2. In the following exercises. beam systems. and braces. 4. Lesson Plan 1.

beams.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.Structural . posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. and other structural elements will be located in a building. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

and other building objects. walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural . Knowing where structural members. especially columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Structural s 401 . you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Place columns and beams on grids. After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Create column grids.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place beam systems and braces.

Select a floor. 3. They come in types defined by size and shape. often mainly glass. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. As with columns. 1. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. click Column > Structural Column. wood. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult.Structural . Structural columns can be steel. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. On the View Control Bar. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . beams can be steel. spans without walls. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. wood. or reinforced concrete. this is known as post and beam construction. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. or concrete. In this exercise.Hide Category. 2. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. On the Build panel of the Home tab. In residential construction. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Beams connect columns or walls. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Open Deck Framing. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets.

5. Structural s 403 . select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 7. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. On the View Control Bar. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 8. On the Options Bar. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 3A. and 4B. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up.4. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 6. click Depth. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. In the Type Selector. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate.

Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 11.Structural . 10. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Open Plan View Deck Framing. and columns clearly. In the Project Browser. The columns are now hidden by the floors. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Place Beams 1. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. Click OK.9. rail. Right-click. Click OK. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click Hide In View > Element. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

s In the view window. To place beams: Structural s 405 . Click. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Options Bar.3. 4. click Beam. select Chain. Structure panel. On the Structure tab. 5. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. In the Type Selector. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall.

Structural . 7. 6. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click Modify.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. On the Properties palette.

as shown. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click on grid intersection B4.8.rvt. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. If a Warning dialog box that opens. 12. On the Properties palette. Structure panel. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Structural s 407 . In this exercise. Click Modify. 9. Click OK. click Make Wall Bearing. 11. click Beam. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Click.

3. distance. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Structure panel. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.Structural . Open Deck Beams. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. click No. click Beam System. Click the beam on Grid 1.rvt. you: s Place beam systems. s Place braces. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 2. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. The completed exercise 5. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 4. or number of beams in a bay. click Sketch Beam System. click Pick Supports. In this exercise. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. On the Structure tab. Place Beam Systems 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing.

On the Draw panel.6. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. Draw a line on the face of the wall. click Line. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 . as shown. 7.

click Pick Supports. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click the beam on Grid 2. 10. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s 9. s s On the Draw panel. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar.6". click Line.Structural . Trim as necessary. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. set Elevation to -0'-9". s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . On the Properties palette. On the Properties palette. Click Finish.8. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Finish (green check). s s s On the Draw panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. 11.2". On the Mode panel.

click Elevation > Framing Elevation. In the Project Browser. Open Plan View Deck Framing. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the Structure tab. Adjust the view crop region as shown. unlike regular elevations. 4.Place Braces 1. click Brace. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 3. as shown. 2. On the View Control Bar. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Click to place the elevation. Structural s 411 . Create panel. 5. It has an automatic work plane. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the View tab. Structure panel.

6. Repeat the brace going right to left. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. In the view window. 9.Structural . In the Type Selector. to start the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 8.

rvt. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise.10.

you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. beams. 2. s s In the view window. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. click Grid. but they can also be angular and radial. The exact location is not critical. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Grid datasets. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Datum panel.Structural . s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click in the lower left to start a grid line. You can change a grid number at any time. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. In this exercise. This is a common step early in designing a large building. elevation. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. In plan views. and walls. and section views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The numbering automatically increments. The exact length is not critical. Pull the cursor straight up. as shown.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan.

Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.3. Click to place a new grid line. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. 4. Structural s 415 .

416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. click Copy. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. close to the heads. Pull the cursor to the right. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. The new grid line is number 5. s Select Grid Line 2. The new grid line will be number 3. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Pull the cursor to the left. Press ENTER. 6.Structural . Click to start a grid line. click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. 7. Repeat to create grid line 4.5. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Grid 3 is already the selection set. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Enter A at the keyboard. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

1 is still selected.8. 10. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. This completes the main grid. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Structural s 417 . This grid line will be number B. Grid 2. 11. On the grid line. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click to place the grid line. Change the number to 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click Copy.1. The Grid tool is still active. 9. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. s Select grid 2.

Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. enter 15. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Click to place the grid head. Click in the new grid bubble. Create panel. Change the number to EE.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Press ENTER.000 o . On the Draw panel. select Center-Ends Arc. Zoom to Fit. On the Options Bar. click Pick. 4. click Grid. 3. In the Radius field. s Click to start the grid line. On the Draw panel. On the Home tab.Structural . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". s s Click grid intersection D3. set Offset to 15'-0". click Radius. The Grid tool is still active.

Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. 7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. You will need to identify it easily. 6. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click to place grid FF. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Structural s 419 . Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line.5.

Press ENTER. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click to place the grid line. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Enter 31 to change the name. Click in the new grid bubble.8. s Click grid intersection D3. Revit will create grid 32. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. 11. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Mirror . s In this exercise.rvt. click Create Similar.000. Zoom to Fit.Pick Axis. s 10. s Select grid 31. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Select grid 3. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.

In the Type Selector. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you typically create a grid. Open ADA_Grids-complete. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. As a result. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structure panel. Now you place columns at grid intersections. Structural s 421 . In this exercise. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. click Column > Structural Column. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. This is a steel column. s Change a grid layout. 2. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. s Use a column grid to place beams. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. s 3.

A. C and D. 3.s s On the Options Bar. B. 4.Structural . In the Multiple panel. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 5. set Height to Level 3. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 6. click Finish. click At Grids. 4. On the Multiple panel. 2. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.

4. The grid. 2. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. Zoom to Fit. 3. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Click Grid 1. click Finish.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Window-select all the grid lines. click Beam. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. click On Grids. 5. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. columns. Structural s 423 . Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0".

In the view window. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left.Structural . click At Columns. 4. click Isolated. 6. On the Multiple panel.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Columns and beams will move to the right. 2. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. Click Redo. Open the Default 3D view. click No. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Quick Access toolbar. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click Finish. click Undo. 1.

To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 7. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. To change the size of the footing. The footing had been placed at Level 1. The footing changes size. 6. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Click OK.5. in the Type Selector. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. A warning displays. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. s On the Properties palette. Structural s 425 .

In this exercise. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout. Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams.8. s Added footings to columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .

Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.

s Change a grid layout. s Use a column grid to place columns. True b. Questions 1. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. 2. All of the above. s Place beam systems. Column b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Add footings to columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Place braces. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Brace c. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.

True b. When placing columns or beams. 3. True b. If you relocate a grid line. Use grid lines and grid intersections. a. Properties c. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch.Structural .Revit Architecture Questions 1. you can: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Flip Orientation d. b. Stretch b. A but not B. To change the height of a column. d. you: a. b. 5. you use: a. Pick points. c. Select the type of beam or column to place. All of the above. False 4. 2. To create a beam system. Select a beam type and define the system layout. A and B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. c. a. d.

Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Poway. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Teacher. Smith . Starkweather . International Technology Education Association www. Copyright s 431 .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.iteaconnect.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. South Division High School.Director. Inc. PE .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . WI Roger Dohm . Milwaukee.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Instructor. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Ltd. Mathematics. Poway High School. Susan Harrington .org Project Lead the Way. CA Ronald A Williams. Randy Dymond.Executive Director. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.

USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. for any purpose.” AUTODESK. Inc. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK.© 2010 Autodesk. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. INC. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Autodesk Revit Architecture. Trademarks Autodesk. this publication. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Autodesk Revit MEP. CA 94903. All rights reserved. product names. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. by any method. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk Inventor. Inc. Inc. “AS IS. AutoCAD MEP. or parts thereof. AutoCAD. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. 2010 Autodesk. Inc. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. INC. All rights reserved. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. AutoCAD Civil 3D. All other brand names. or trademarks belong to their respective holders.. Inc. Published by: Autodesk. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite.. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES.

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