Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . intersections.When sketching walls. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Distances can be adjusted at any time.

windows. section.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied.Software Tools . You can add building elements in plan. and 3D views. stairs. floors. elevation. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. Other building elements such as doors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. roofs.

the other will move as well. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. or at any time after. In the illustration shown. In the two illustrations shown.

In essence.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. engineering. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Technology. s Place a predefined Mass family. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. technology. s Constrain placement of objects. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and math standards.

Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. There are mass families available to load into a project. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. size. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and then converted into building components such as floors. you can create in-place masses.Software Tools . roofs. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. A designer.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. such as distance requirements from roadways. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and curtain systems. owner. walls. or masses. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Masses can be edited in many ways. quickly.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. or within. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. roofs. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. walls.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. tags. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and math standards. and symbol heads. Technology. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and Language Arts. legends. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Math (STEM). you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. Annotation includes text notes. s Explain the use of dimensions. engineering. technology.

rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

and permanent dimensions for annotating. radial. or angular.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be linear.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y.z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.

Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the Type Selector. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. and math standards. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Engineering. Technology. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Math (STEM). and Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Software Tools . s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. s Open tabs on the ribbon. and Language Arts. s Work with tool buttons. engineering. This lesson relates to science.

and rooms. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 . for instance.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. doors. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Some commands will not be active (that is. beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. windows. Its position is fixed. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views.

Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. slabs. structural walls.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. and foundations. and text. braces. columns. detailing. Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. trusses.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. materials. copy/paste. Context tabs display as you work. and inquiry. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print.Software Tools . and Close. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Open. Save.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. with four elevation markers visible. Legends.Software Tools . and groups. sheets. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. families. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. View Control Bar View scale. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. shadow display. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. sun settings.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. Windows panel on the ribbon. visual style.Software Tools . The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. level of detail. cropping. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. rendering (in 3D views). A check mark indicates it is visible.

To change the scale of a view. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Select the desired view scale from the list. but not at Coarse. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet.

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded. Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 47 . sun and shadow intensity. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. date and time.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. which can be according to the view. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 . and materials applied to model surfaces.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls.Software Tools . View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings.

Display and Navigation s 55 . Structure. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Collaborate. Insert. Manage and Modify.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Nine tabs are available: Home. To activate or open a view. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Massing & Site. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Annotate. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. View.

Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens.Context Tabs. showing options that you can select while you are working. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. the Options Bar may display below it. When a context tab is active. Display and Navigation s 57 . a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window. Options Bar. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. Properties Palette.

58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

File Close only appears on the application menu. New File. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. The application menu contains file management controls. such as File Open. Display and Navigation s 65 . On the right is a list of recently opened files. Export. File Save. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Click a file name to open that file.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Print. the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. and Publish.

This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

3. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The completed exercise 4. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The panel titles display under the tab titles. On the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. make the Home tab active. 2. click OK in the dialog box that opens. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Display and Navigation s 67 . After you have examined each of them. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. or click New > Project from the application menu. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Do this for other tabs. If you select the menu option. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. In this exercise. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Icons for panels display below tab titles. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. you opened a project file. and then viewed. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Cycle Through All. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Close the file without saving. 7. They disappear when you move the cursor away.5.Software Tools . 6.

You worked on this file in Getting Started. doubleclick the view name. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt. Display and Navigation s 69 . Exercise 2. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open quick_start_building_elements.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. In the Project Browser. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.

Click OK. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". You are selecting everything visible. doors. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Clear Walls and Doors.3. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. all the walls. . Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 8. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. and windows highlight blue. 7. 6. Click Filter panel > Filter. 4. On the Properties palette. Click any interior wall.Software Tools . 5.

In this exercise.9.rvt. you opened a project file. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click any door. Place a door as shown. 12. click Create panel > Create Similar. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. examined the menus and toolbars. On the Properties palette. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 11. 10. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Display and Navigation s 71 .

drafting views. lines. schedules. Component families include model objects (furniture. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. either predefined or user-created. System families include levels. operating settings. s Work with Revit families. Math (STEM). display controls. and Language Arts. Technology. and 3D views using the View menu. building elements (walls. In the exercises. floors). Views can be added to your drawing sheets. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . s Create a new in-place family. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and elevation views by default. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. Engineering.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. ceiling plan. and views. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. annotations. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. You can create sections. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. templates. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Pan. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. mechanical equipment). Revit provides floor plan. s Load and place component families.

engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. and math standards. technology.

VG also opens the dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Click OK. There is no way to see everything in it. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visibility 1.Software Tools . The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. First. Four elevation markers are visible. Right-click. 3. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form.rvt. Open Unit2_building_elements. even a small one. is an extensive database. Rightclick in the view window. The elevation markers disappear from the view. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Use your keyboard to enter VV.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The display changes. Click the Annotation Categories tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Clear the check mark next to Elevations.

The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. On the View Control Bar. Zoom to Fit. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Open. Select the roof outline. Click Zoom In Region. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Click and drag the cursor as shown.4. Right-click. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Select Detail Level: Medium. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 5. 6. 7. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. In the Project Browser. click Detail Level. so be sure to select them both. Right-click. Enter ZF.

The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. change the Underlay value to None. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. On the Properties palette. View Properties 1. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Enter VH. doors and windows are not shown. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup.Software Tools . You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Click Zoom to Fit. as before.8. 2. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Turn off visibility of the elevations. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.

3.0". Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. click Edit. the ridge is now visible. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. and where the cut plane sits. 4. Next to View Range. Click Rename. Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. enter Roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click OK. Set the cut plane value to 7' . All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. For Name.

Accept the location that activates.Graphic Display Options 1. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Still. 2.Software Tools . under Solar Study. 5. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. In the dialog box that opens. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. In the Presets list. 4. Open Elevation view South. select Shadows On. select Winter Solstice. 3. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shading with Edges. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. 6. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update.rvt.

and families in place. Build panel. walls. and annotations are examples of standard families. windows. and place Revit families. and floors. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. or institutional structures. On the Home tab. You add closet doors to interior walls. 3. and use a Revit family to place a door. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. In Revit. There are system families.Software Tools . Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. and furniture. These components are called families and there are several different types. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. s A system family. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. you open an existing project file. Doors are considered standard family entities. load. lights. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. railings. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. floors. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. click Door.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. This exercise illustrates how you locate. such as levels. 2. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. commercial.rvt. standard families. or stand-alone (for example. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. furniture). is predefined within Revit. Open Unit2_views. furniture. Additionally. and so on. roofs. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Doors. windows.

Family files have a file extension of *. Click Open. If you highlight a door family. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. Furniture. It has a number of different sizes defined. 5. s s 6. As you move your cursor near any wall. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . On the Modify | Place Door tab.rvt. Locate Double Panel 2. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Tag panel. Click the Doors folder. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. You click to place an instance of the door family. Click Open. 4. The Door Insertion tool stays active. and Annotation. Project files have a file extension of *. Accept the default size. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rfa.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed.rfa.

simply click it. 8. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Place an instance of the door as shown. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Place two more instances of the door as shown.7. but not strongly. 9. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. In this exercise. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again.Software Tools . loaded.rvt. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. you located. and placed instances of a door family.

rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . modify a door family. The required width is not available. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. you open an existing project file. 5. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. This door needs to be 48" wide. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. For Name. Select the double door as shown. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate. 3. and create an in-place family. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Open Unit2_doors_walls. Click OK. enter 48" x 80". 4.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise.

1. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. select Generic Models. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 4. On the Properties palette. On the Home tab. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Build panel. For Name. 2.Software Tools . enter Hall Clock. set the Extrusion End value to 6". 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 5. Click OK. The door updates. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. click Component > Model In-Place. In the dialog box. 3.6. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click OK. is to create a component family in place. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall.

In this exercise. 9. Revit will display . Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". you located. 12. and placed a door family. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Click OK. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.4" as shown. You have created the base of the clock. The family model updates.rvt. click Rectangle. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 7. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .6. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. The exact dimensions and location are not critical.0' 2".2". as shown. On the Draw panel. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 13. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . loaded. 11. 10. 8.

s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Create an in-place model family. c. c. True b. b. depending on the template selected. s Open different views. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. and Options Bar. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Access. Either a or b. Each project has several predefined views. a. False 2. tab. The tool shown is used to: a. True b. All content tools are located on the ribbon.Software Tools . Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. d. Spin the model in 3D space. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. 6. context tabs. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. a. False 3. b. Right-click. Zoom to the entire model. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. a. s Change type properties of a family. Views can be renamed. Zoom in Region is used to: a. False 4. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. load. 7. c. and click Open. True b. and place a family from a library. To activate a view: a. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Create a 3D perspective view. False 5. s Change view displays. a. d. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Questions 1. Turn on Shadows. s Change view properties. d.

Multiview b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Families 11. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Scroll d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Properties palette 10. Project Browser d. a. Blocks c.) are called: a. Rotate c. Pan and Zoom b. depending on settings 9. System c. All of the above. In-Place d. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Standard b.8. Parts d. a. windows. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. A family created within a project is called ________________. etc.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Duplicate and modify views. Review Revit Architecture setup. 8. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 7. s Create a project template. 3. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Set project units. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create labels. s Create dimensions and text. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 9. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 .

and so forth. Math (STEM). should be used. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Visit the AIAS website at www. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. and the settings that are preset within them. Technology. Explain why templates are used. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. colors. based on the AIA standards. Visit the AIA website at www. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.aias.org. linetypes.Standards and Building Codes . The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. linetypes. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors. defining the layers.org. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. and Language Arts. After completing this lesson. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Engineering.aia. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting.

engineering. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology.

A garage must be completely enclosed. like mechanical drawing. If it lacks any of these components. the number being its numerical value. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. If there is a fire. it cannot be called a bedroom. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and one closet. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. a bathroom. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. A unit is a particular physical quantity. it must have at least one door.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. defined and adopted by convention. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. doors. Drawing Units Architectural drawing.Standards and Building Codes . and so on. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. windows. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . one window. a common area (such as a living room or family room). For example. and so on. otherwise it is considered a carport. a garage.

. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. also known as the International System of Units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. unit symbol m. is 169 m. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. is 555 ft. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. However. the construction industry still uses the English. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. in the United States. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. The value of h expressed in the unit foot..For example. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. unit symbol ft. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Another method is to apply dual notation. units are applied to dimensions. Here h is the physical quantity. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. such as room size and wall height. and other materials. or imperial. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. In architectural drafting. glass. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. using imperial units. its value is expressed in the unit meter.

everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and viewports. sheets. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. one value representing another value.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. In Revit Architecture. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.) 8. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Each size is designated by a letter.Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).Scales are ratios. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. line weight and pattern. every 1/8" would represent 1'.

temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). notes Demolition. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.a modified version of the AIA standard. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. symbols.01. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. The integers go from 0 to 9. You create and position views. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. site plan. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and then add a title block or other symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. elevators. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .01.

fonts. that is. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. and other relevant information. the author of the drawing. and layer standards.Standards and Building Codes . Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. so that the height is less than the width. and so on. The paper is oriented landscape. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Typically. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the HVAC company. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the electrician. The next space is for tracking revisions. Usually. For example. followed by information on the building's owner. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. the date drawn. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. annotation plot sizes. drawing scales.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The column is divided into sections.

layer settings. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. dimension and text styles. title blocks. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

and Language Arts. and walls. dimension styles. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. These can be used to build your model. Technology. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. Engineering. views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.Standards and Building Codes .

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Settings s 101 .

In Revit. 2. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. you use templates as starting points. Condominiums. click Browse. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 3.Standards and Building Codes . or store. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Open Revit to an empty project file. factory. you create a new project file using a template. Select a Template 1. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. In the New Project dialog box. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. click New > Project. On the application menu. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. apartments.

4. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. 6. In this exercise. Click Open. 5. you started a new project file using a standard template. Select the Residential-Default. Click OK. On the application menu.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Settings s 103 . You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. saving set up time. click Close to close this project without saving. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.

s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Pull the cursor to the right.rvt. The Wall tool remains active.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. expand Floor Plans under Views. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. In the courseware datasets folder. 2. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. the drawing setup options are preset. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. open ADA__Settings. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Build panel. 3. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. click Wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In the Project Browser. Click to start a new wall. The file opens to a 3D view.

s Set Unit symbol to m. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 8. and move the cursor right. 7. Click Format for Length.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Close the file without saving. 5. click to start a new wall. Press ESC to cancel the wall. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. In this exercise. Settings s 105 . Click OK twice to save the setting change.) 6. Place the cursor over the left wall.4. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.

but also control the size and location of objects. Click OK. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 1. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. click Duplicate. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. there are two types of dimensions. 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. Dimension panel. Open ADA_Dimensions.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. For Name. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. enter Big Text. On the Properties palette.Standards and Building Codes . create. 4. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab.rvt. temporary and permanent. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or insert components. click Edit Type. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. dimensions not only display. By default. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. click Aligned. In the Type Properties dialog box.

and bottom horizontal walls. Click to place. 7. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Click OK twice. Select the top. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Settings s 107 . 6. left. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16".5. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The Dimension tool is still active.

Click to place the dimension. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .8. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. created a new dimension style. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. 9. and far right vertical walls. s s s Select the far left. upper. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. you opened an existing file. The Dimension tool stays active.

2. Notice the door and window tags. In the Project Browser. Right-click. and the view window displays the new plan. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. In the datasets folder. In order to do this. Settings s 109 . Click Duplicate View > Duplicate.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. There are no annotations visible. These are annotations. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. 3.

right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 6.4. click Project Information. On the Manage tab. Click OK to update the display of this view. 7. 5. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . Double-click to open it. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. In the Project Browser. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 8. Click Rename. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Project Browser. Settings panel. 9. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Model Categories tab. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets.

You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. 2. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. In the Value column of Project Address. Enter the address as shown. 3. click Edit. Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. You can also enter the address of your school. Click OK. or supply your own values: Click OK.) 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.Add a Sheet 1. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. Click New Sheet. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Rightclick. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Settings s 111 .

In the Identity Data and Other sections. Add a View to the Sheet 1. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Click Apply. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.Standards and Building Codes . Notice the change to the title block.4. 5. Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.

Select Deactivate View. Select the new viewport. 4. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Click Activate View. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Settings s 113 . Right-click in the view. 3. Right-click. Select Add View to Sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 2. You see the view at the end of your cursor. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20.

s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. you: select it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. The view updates on the sheet. Finish the move. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Place the cursor 7.5. Close the file without saving. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. of the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. The Scale updates in the title block. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. deselect it. s Added a sheet.

It opens to the Recent Files window. On the application menu. Select A-11x8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 4.rft. 2. This is one of the longer exercises. Start Revit Architecture. 3. A copy of the 11 x 8. Settings s 115 . click New > Titleblock.5 title block template opens. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).5.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Landscape. Accept the Sample Value. select Drawn By. Save the title block as A . To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. Add a label for Checked By. 11. 10. On the Quick Access toolbar. you created a title block using a template file. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Click Zoom to Fit. click Save to save the title block. s Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. 12. s Click Add. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Close. Add a label for Sheet Number.9. 13. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 15. Right-click. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name.rfa. Accept the Sample Value. 14.

This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. On the View tab. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 4. 3. Click Open. The title block appears in the graphics window. click New to create a new project using the default template. 5. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 2. In the Recent Files window. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. and then load a custom title block into your project.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Insert a Title Block 1. Locate your title block. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Highlight the title block and click OK. Settings s 125 . you create a new project file.

enter your name. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 6. enter Student Project Unit 3. On the Manage tab. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Checked By. 2. Click Zoom to Fit. 5. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. s For Drawn By. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 3. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes .Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Settings panel. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Select the title block. enter your instructor's name. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 4. click Project Information. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. In this exercise.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. you a created a new project file.

and the units for your custom template. you define the title block. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. and slope angle. including how the rendered image looks. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. click New > Project. a dimension style. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. settings. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. On the Insert tab. 3. angles. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. In this exercise. On the application menu.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. and then load them like families. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. 2. such as 3D and plan views. you create a new project file. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Click OK. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. and geometry from the template. s Families: Load in families you use most often. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. in addition to predefined wall types. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. 1. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. In the New Project dialog box. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. select Project Template. Create a Template In this exercise. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file.

Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Duplicate. There will be no visible change. On the Annotate tab. enter 3/16" Verdana.rfa. Set the units for the template. 6. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. create a Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab.Landscape. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 10. Click OK twice. click Settings panel > Project Units. 5. Click the Length field in the Format column. Click OK. 7. You create a custom dimension style. Next.4. Open the title block A . 8. 9. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box.

select Sheets (All). Change the following settings as shown: 13. Settings s 129 . enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 15.11. In the Project Browser. Select the A . Rightclick. On the Properties palette. 14. Click New Sheet. Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 12. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Click OK.

rte. You can use this template for future projects. title block. Click OK.16. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template. you created a new template file using a dimension style. and units that you defined. Save your project template in your class project folder. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. The title block updates. 17. as well as dimension style and units.

s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. are constantly being developed by the building industry. abstract format.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. or new combinations of existing materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.

The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. A. Metric d. 1:3 b. and symbols used in drawing? a. General Questions 1. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. An architect b. A particular physical quantity. English c. False 3.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . NCTM d. s Create labels. a. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. P. 1:32 5. UBC c.02 b. is defined as what? a. s Create a text style. NCSESA 2. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". dimension styles. s Create a template. True b. s Change dimension colors. Using AIA Standards. 1:24 d. s Create text. s Create dimensions. A. a. s Change lineweight. s Create a dimension style. s Create a title block.Standards and Building Codes . what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. AIA b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. S. 1:12 c.05 c. A unit 4.02 d.

Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. True b. In Revit Architecture. False 6. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. dimensions snap to: a. To create a new sheet. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. False 4. Wall centerlines c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Wall midpoints d. Point offsets 3. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Application menu > New > Sheet b. you use: a. a. Wall faces b. True b. By default. a. To change the scale of a view. Application menu > Properties b. To set the units in a project. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. you click: a. False Summary/Questions s 133 .

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

2.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 5. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 6. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 3. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Define a wall structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 4. s Align walls. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.

and protect its interior spaces. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. or filling in between. their construction and materials. After completing this lesson. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.Walls . List the different types of occupancy. them. separate.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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an angular dimension displays. After you create the wall. Enter 10. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. click it to open an edit field. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. the dimension updates incrementally. Stud.Brick on Mtl. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Select the Single Line option. Expand the Type Selector list. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. As you continue to move the cursor. Walls s 151 . Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Click to set the endpoint. Clear the Chain option. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. 5. 4. indicating wall length.3. but it disappears when you begin another action. a dashed line displays. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. To modify a dimension. It will not print. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise.

The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. 8. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Select panel. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. The wall does not show any internal detail. click the Detail Level icon. On the View Control Bar. Click to start the next wall. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. enter 7. Depending on your zoom in the view. Press ENTER. Click the wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the Modify | Walls tab. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Create panel. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. the controls may sit on top of one another.6. Set the Detail Level to Medium. On the Modify | Place Wall tab.Walls . The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. 7. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. click Create Similar. click Modify to stop placing walls. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall.

a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. no matter where you move the cursor. Also. release the mouse button to set a new length. Click Modify. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. notice how the wall joins at the corner. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. 10. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Notice that two dimensions display. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Because you drew the wall from up to down. an alignment line displays. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up.9. Walls s 153 .

the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line.Walls . You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. On the Home tab. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Select the lower vertical wall. Click Cancel. When using the Chain option. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Build panel. Sketch the walls as shown. Select Chain on the Options Bar. 14. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This is the same as clicking Modify. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 15. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. 16. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 12.11. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. click Wall. Right-click. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Repeat. 13.

Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. 19.18. Select the Three Point Arc tool. After clicking the second end. 20. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 17. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click Modify. Click Create Similar again. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Clear the Chain option. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". In this exercise. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Walls s 155 .

Only part of the wall highlights.rvt from the previous exercise. 4. This exercise illustrates how to split. and extend walls. 3. Click Modify. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. fillet. Split Walls 1. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. trim.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. You now remove the upper right corner. Do the same for the vertical wall. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. Both split walls are shown below. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.Walls . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. 2. To do this. you first split the walls at the intersections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. align.

Fillet Walls 1. On the Modify | Wall tab. Create panel. 2. 5. Select any wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Create Similar. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Options Bar. click Undo and repeat the steps. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You can also click the flip control. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. 3. click Delete. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Click Fillet Arc. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Walls s 157 . This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. select Radius. Modify panel. Enter 5'. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 4. If you make a mistake.

2.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. You align the wall in the next steps. The Wall tool is still active. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. select Basic Wall: Interior . 3. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Place an interior wall as shown.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.Walls .

Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . The length is not critical. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. such as location lines. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Pull the cursor straight up. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. clear Chain. You can lock the alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.4. s On the Options Bar.

Select the two interior walls in turn. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 6. 4.Walls . Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. Select the horizontal wall as shown. This will extend to the border. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. The walls can cross. 2. 5. This will be the border. Select the vertical wall as shown. 3. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The length is not critical. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.s Move the cursor to the left and click.

In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. fillet.7. align. and trim. Walls s 161 . you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.

satisfy different requirements. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 1. 2. click Edit Type. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The Modify tool is active by default.Walls . On the Properties palette. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. and vary in cost. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. In the Project Browser.

They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click the number of Layer 3. When you are finished. To edit the structure of the wall.4. 8. the wall structure should be as shown. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click Up. Every layer of a wall. except Core Boundary. 7. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Click Insert twice. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 6. has a Function you can edit. s Select Finish 1 [4]. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Click OK. Walls s 163 . s Click Down twice. click Edit in the Structure value field. For Name. 5. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall.

To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 12. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Material to Wood . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". which displays plan or section views.9.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Exterior . 11.Walls . s Set the Material to Finishes . s Click the icon that appears at the right.Stud Layer. 13. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. Modify the Function. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". select Finishes . 10. Material. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".

Click Apply to update the view. In the Project Browser. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. 15. Walls s 165 . expand the Families branch. 16. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. From the Detail level list. 17.14. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. select Medium.

Right-click 8" Exterior.Walls .18. defined a new wall structure. You opened an existing file. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. In this exercise. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. From the Type Selector list. Close the file without saving. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or use the scroll bar at the bottom. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. 20. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 19.

for example.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. In this exercise. 2. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Stud walls as shown. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. and a decorated interior surface. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Select one of the Exterior . You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a structural mid-section. wood rails. The model opens in a 3D view. 3.Brick on Mtl. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. You can define a wall type with these elements. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard.rvt. The completed exercise Walls s 167 .

Click Split Region. 1.Walls . highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. In this exercise. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 8. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Wall structures are Type Properties. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. so all instances of this type change. either horizontally or vertically. 5.4. 6. You can assign different materials to regions. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. or you will lose your changes. To define the structure of the wall. To split a layer or region vertically. You can set the sample height to any value. You can split regions into other regions. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 7. 2. click Edit. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. When you split a layer. As indicated in the dialog box title. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . into regions. highlight one of the borders. You change the type. To split a layer or region horizontally. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. the new regions assume the same material as the original. in the Structure value field. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. If not already expanded.

4. 3. 1. Click Merge Regions. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Click to merge them. The upper split disappears.3. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. since both regions are composed of the same layer. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. When you merge regions. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 2. Click to merge the two layers. In this case. After merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. assign Layer 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. Walls s 169 . Click to split the region into two parts. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1.Brick layer. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.

In the Edit dialog box. Click Insert. instead of down. 4. If you set the split offset down from the top. After a region is split. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. to the next parallel line. Click the temporary dimension text. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. The dimension text turns blue. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. click Modify. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 1. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 2. s Select the split line.Walls . Press ENTER. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Click again to return to the original position.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 2. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Change the value to 12. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Next. 3. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 1. 3. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. To create a new wall layer. indicating that it is modifiable.

6. All walls of this type have been changed. 5. Click Assign Layers. Modify.Brick Soldier Course. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. and Insert Layer tools. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Change the Material to Masonry . It immediately highlights in blue. Click OK. Split Region. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 10. When a layer is selected in the table. Click OK. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 7. it highlights in blue in the preview window. The preview changes appearance. as shown. Walls s 171 . 9. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. The column widths in the table can be adjusted.4. In this exercise. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. because it is now the selected layer. 8.Brick Soldier Course layer. Close the file without saving. It also shows a thickness value. Merge Region. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone.

piping. ducting. and protected.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. installed. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. earth.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but also the natural lighting. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.Doors and Windows . the ventilation. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. the view. Custom types and sizes can also be built. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. and the amount of space you have inside your building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

An unobstructed opening of 5. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.7 sq. ft. The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.Doors and Windows .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Center a door in a wall. how to load additional door and window families. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Components such as doors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. This lesson relates to science. Some families are loaded into each empty file. windows. and copy these elements. move. you learn how to place doors and windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. and how to position. Engineering. In this unit. and math standards. Doors and Windows s 187 . Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. and furniture are defined in family files. Technology. s Copy windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project.

There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. click Door. To flip the door. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Build panel. 2. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. In other words.Doors and Windows .rvt under the courseware datasets folder. or 3D view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. 3. Once a door is placed. When placing doors in a plan view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. the door swing would be to the left side.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Add Doors 1. This can be done in a plan view. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. To reverse the swing. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. On the Home tab.

Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. The display does not change. except for the Type Selector. walls.rfa. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Select the door Double-Panel 2. From the Type Selector list. Doors and Windows s 189 . Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. In order to keep file size small. Click Open. and windows into project files. click Load Family. 2. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. 3. With the Door command active. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Mode panel.Load Families 1. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80".

190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.4. If necessary. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 5.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.6. or by using the swing control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . Do not add the dimensions. Remember. simply click it and enter the correct value. change a temporary dimension. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.

Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.

click Modify and select the window. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can place windows in a plan view. the outside of the window is to the left side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. To face the outside of the window to the other side. When placing windows in a plan view. On the Home tab. Add Windows 1. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. To reverse the window after performing another operation. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Build panel. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Open Unit5_doors.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. approach the wall from the right side. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. click Window. From the Type Selector. 2. or 3D view. elevation view. Windows have exterior and interior sides.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations.

All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Window tags do not number in sequence. In this exercise. placed doors. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Place seven more windows as shown.Doors and Windows . 4. you opened an existing project.rvt. and placed windows. You do not need to add dimensions. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5.3. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . loaded a door family. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.

rvt. On the Annotate tab. and so on. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. and modify the wall. click Aligned. wall. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 4. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. you open an existing project file. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. place a door. 3. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Dimension panel. s Align and modify walls. window. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 2. constrain it to be centered in a wall. 1.

Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Select the upper wall first. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. 6. 2. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here.Doors and Windows .s s s s Click the left wall. The door changes location. The walls are now aligned. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 5. Click it and it changes as shown. Click the center of the door. This means that if one wall shifts. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Notice the symbol. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. the other wall will remain aligned. Align Walls 1. Click the right wall.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Doors and Windows s 197 . The walls shift and remain aligned. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 3. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Change the dimension to 16.4. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Right-click. 5. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.) The dimension value is now shown. Clear the EQ Display value. Dimensions display below it.

7. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click.rvt. you placed a continuous dimension.6.Doors and Windows . In this exercise.

click Create Similar. In this exercise. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 2. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. especially if there are many different types.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. On the Modify | Windows tab. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel. 4. Doors and Windows s 199 . 1. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.

Copy Windows 1. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 3.Doors and Windows . Select the window you just placed. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 4. The window will change appearance. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. click Copy. The window is copied. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Modify panel. 2. On the Modify | Windows tab.

Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise.5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Right-click.rvt. Doors and Windows s 201 . 6.

The stability of glass in response to wind. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. heat. cold.Doors and Windows . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. flat glass is a recent invention. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.

Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Copy a door or window. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . a. Custom 3. False 2. Standard b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Place doors. If a room is used for sleeping. s Align a door or window. General Questions 1. s Place a window. 34" 4. 28" b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 36" c. 32" b. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. True b. s Position a door or window. a. 32" d. 30" c. 40" d.

To center a door or window in a wall. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Insert d. A reference plane b. Properties 3. Door and window tags are placed automatically. c. d. b. False 2. To change the location of a door or window. False 5. you use ________. True b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 6. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Clone b. Click Flip Direction. Click Door Properties. Copy 8. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. you use: a. a. Load from Library b. Use door grips to reposition. Offset c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. True b. Select the door. Select the door.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The center snap 7. Select the door. Click the temporary dimension to be changed.Doors and Windows . a. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Right-click. Click Modify > Flip Direction. True b. a. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Load c. Duplicate d. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. c. b. 4. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. you: a. Link c. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. d.

2.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 6. 5. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Student) Evaluate students. s Modify stair boundaries.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 4. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. s Create railings. Lesson Plan 1. Review stairs and railings.

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. After completing this lesson.Stairs and Railings .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. List the different stair types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. stair and railing types. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings.

Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts. engineering. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Once the actual riser height is determined. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .

particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.

Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Due to building code. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. This saves space when changing direction.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".

11" maximum. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". but not more than 2".

which includes elevators. This lesson relates to technology. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. As you move the cursor. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Create stairs. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Math (STEM). Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. or vertical circulation. U-shaped stairs. You can define straight runs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. and math standards. L-shaped runs with a landing. Engineering. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. of certain horizontal depth or run. Technology. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. ramps. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. In multistory buildings. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. or tread. and spiral stairs. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. s Modify stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. The riser and run values update accordingly. s Add a railing.Stairs and Railings . You create stairs in a plan view. For safety reasons. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise).

you create stairs using a straight run. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. Before you create the stairs. 3. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Stairs and Railings s 217 . The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This file is in metric units. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. On the Properties palette. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. From the courseware datasets folder. This enables you to place the stairs properly.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.rvt. Zoom in Region to the lobby.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise.

you create a straight run.4. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Home tab. These tools are used to define your stairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). You can define either a straight run or a circular run. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 5. click Stairs. Click OK to close the dialog box.Stairs and Railings . Run is preselected. In this case. Circulation panel.

To change the run dimension. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. 8. As you move the cursor up. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 9. 10. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Revit displays the number of risers you created. On the Mode panel.6. Select this intersection point to start your run. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. the run footprint stops expanding. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 7. If you have not fully created the run. You can continue to move the cursor up. Stairs and Railings s 219 . select Finish (green check). indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. and then click to define the run of stairs.

you created and placed a straight run stair. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .11. 13. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. In this exercise. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. To avoid overwriting the original file. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 12. click application menu > Save As > Project. and switched to a 3D view. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.

On the Modify tab. Activate view Floor Plans. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.rvt.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The stair is not centered on the landing. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. click Align. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Level 1. 2.

You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. select Wall centerlines. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. The Align command remains active. which is located at the center of the stairs. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Click the center of the wall first. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Take time to make the selections correctly. If you have a scroll mouse. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.4. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . from the Prefer list. 5. Click the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . On the Options Bar.

click Edit Type. In the Project Browser. and Dimensions subsections.6. Hover the cursor over the railing. expand Sections (Building Section). 9. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. On the Properties palette. As you prehighlight them. s Click OK. 8. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . railings were created with the stairs. On the Properties palette. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. s Click Duplicate. Graphics. Select the stairs. 7. Change Width to 1350. s For Name. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. enter Lobby Stairs.

Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Stairs and Railings . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Lobby Stair View. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.10.Cherry s s Click Modify. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Select both railings. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.

Mode panel. 13. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The stair changes to the run sketch. click Edit Sketch. Next. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project.12. 14. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Delete this line. The railings change. s Zoom in on the stairs. you change the shape of the stairs. Click it to select it. In the Type Selector. Stairs and Railings s 225 .

Click to place the arc. On the Draw panel. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 17. s Select the arc boundary you just created.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click Modify. s On the Modify panel. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 18. To place the second arc endpoint. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Boundary. click the left end of the top riser. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 19.15. 16.

On the Draw panel. Next. For the third point. First. The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the endpoint of the right boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. 20.21. Click to exit the Mirror command. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. click Riser. Click CenterEnds-Arc. the arc center point. Stairs and Railings s 227 .

click Finish. Open the {3D} view to see the results.rvt.22.Stairs and Railings . 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. On the Mode panel. you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. 23.

s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Click Modify. Zoom into the landing area as shown. This is typically done in plan view. you sketch the plan view path. 3. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. The completed exercise To create a railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. For simple railings.rvt from the previous exercise. 2. you need to define a path for the railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Therefore. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. In this case. Select the right side railing.

s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. s s On the Options Bar. 5. To set the exact distance. Once the railing is selected. edit the temporary dimension. 6. on the Modify | Railings tab. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint.Stairs and Railings . 7. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Then. Mode panel. You do not need to add dimensions. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. The dimensions are shown as a guide. click Line.4. click Edit Path. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. select Chain. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. On the Draw panel.

Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. 8.rvt. 9. Stairs and Railings s 231 . you used sketch tools to create a railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete your lines and try again. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. In this exercise. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing.

Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. In a floor plan view. s On the Home tab. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. you create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . s On the Options Bar. 2. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. the stairs appear as a U-shape.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. In this exercise. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. set the Offset value to 850.rvt from the previous exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Create a Reference Plane 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Work Plane panel.

On the Properties palette. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Circulation panel. Pull the cursor straight up.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click OK twice. 5. enter Exit Stairs. 6. change the Width parameter to 900. Click OK. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Matte 2. Click Edit Type. click Stairs. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. For Name. 3. On the Home tab. To start sketching the run. 4. Dark Gray.

enter 1925. with none remaining to be created. Click to finish the stair run. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 8.Stairs and Railings . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. 9. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Click to place the first run.7. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Press ENTER. Move the pointer to the right.

click Finish Stairs. Remove the additional lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. 2. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Stairs panel. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the View Control bar. it is because you have overlapping lines. 11. If you get an error message. You want to inspect your stairs. Click Finish Stairs again. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element.10. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. you select Continue to return the sketch. To remove the lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. but they are hidden behind walls.

Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. This is a multistory stair. Select the stairs so they highlight. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 3. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.rvt. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. 5. In this exercise. Finally. The walls are now hidden. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. On the View Control Bar. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor.3. Zoom in to see your stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.Stairs and Railings . 6. and to create a U-shaped stair. 4. Reset the Display 1. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The exterior walls reappear. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 2. you learned to create a reference plane. On the Properties palette.

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. and elevators. ramps.

shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall.Stairs and Railings . this openness makes them fire hazards.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. but they can also be highly decorative. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. and deliver riders without wait time. They cost less. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Include landings as required by your local building code. smoke guards.

False 2. 30" b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 45 degrees c. True b. 90 degrees d. a. 180 degrees 3. s Create railings. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . True b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. a. 40" 4. General Questions 1. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. a. 32" c. you learned to: s Create stairs. 36" d. s Modify stair boundaries. b. 25 degrees b. and all treads should be the same run.

Boundary lines.Stairs and Railings . Fasten Railing 5. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. a. that is. Attach Railing c. a. a. risers and treads. Railings. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. you use the _______ option. False 6. risers b. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. risers 3. Manage d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Rectangle c. Modify c. a. To create railings on stairs without railings. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Line b. Insert 2. riser lines c. True b. Treads. Run. You can apply materials to different stair components. Home b. riser d. Pick New Host b. a. Align Railing d. True b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Arc d. Circle 4.

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 3. s Place fascia. (Student) 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 7. (Student) 10. (Student) 9. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Place gutters. (Student) 8. (Student) 11. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Evaluate Students. (Student) 4.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration.

It addresses roof construction. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. After completing this lesson. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. Identify the different roof types. Calculate the rise. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and downspouts. run. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. roof types.Roofs . The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. gutters. and pitch of a sloped roof. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. tiles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.

s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Rake: The inclined. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. This lesson relates to science. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and math standards. technology. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Engineering. and Language Arts. About Roofs s 243 . Math (STEM).

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. rot. the roofing pattern. You can use them for many different applications. snow. and color. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. fire-resistant. About Roofs s 245 . maintenance. durability. and low maintenance roofing material. resistance to wind and fire. resistance to wind and fire. texture. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. are designed for shedding water and snow. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. durability. even grain and are naturally resistant to water.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and if visible. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. These are used more often on upscale homes. both low and steep. and sun. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. maintenance. and sunlight. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. and if visible. and colors. brands. and color. Sloped roofs. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. as well as how effective a shelter it is. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resulting in at least one textured face. the roofing pattern. texture. They come in several types.

s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. When choosing the insulation for your job. and so forth). galvanized steel. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. reinforced plastic. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. consider such factors as cost. zinc alloy. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). They are fire-resistant. durable. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. Therefore.Roofs . quality. special characteristics (for example. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. or corrugated structural glass. and require little maintenance. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. Unfortunately. This same roof on a clear. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. and insulating capability (R-value). s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. treatment for insects. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. fiberglass.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. galvanized steel. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. odor. choose a type that will suit your needs. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection.

Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains.

and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. the requirements for underlayment.Roofs . eave flashing.

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

About Roofs s 251 .Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Many barns use gambrel roofs. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . and span.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. where as. run. A number indicates the value of the rise. but the two sides are not symmetrical.

Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 on 12.Roofs .When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7-12. 7 to 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. try to specify standard roof pitch.

you can add gutters. s Create a roof fascia. dormers. s Create various roof types. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. or eaves. water. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you work with massing shapes and not building components. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. that convey rainwater to drains. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. or ice. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. To create a roof by face. and fascia. s Place gutters. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. often supporting a gutter. snow. Roofs s 255 . Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Create a hip roof. Once you create a roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. or roof overhangs. To create a roof by the extrusion method. soffits. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. s Assign roof structure and materials.

engineering. Technology. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM).Roofs . To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. technology. This lesson relates to science. and math standards.

. 4. 3. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . the top of the roof profile is sketched. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. To create an extruded roof. Click OK to continue.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. select the Name option. In the Work Plane dialog box. you create an extruded roof. Open ADA_Roofs.

On the Work Plane panel. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 6.Roofs . The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.5. s Use the image below for guidance. The section view should display as shown. select Section: Section 1. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 2. click Ref Plane. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Before sketching the roof's profile. In the Go To View dialog box. 4. Draw panel. Click Open View. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". click Line. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. Drawing Reference Planes 1.

sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Using the image below for guidance. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. s Click the EQ toggle. s Click Modify. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Select the new dimension. 5. Using a positive offset value. Roofs s 259 .6.

1. On the Properties palette. s On the Options Bar. Click OK. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. 7.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click Modify. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. for Name. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. click Chain. you can label them. On the Mode panel. 6. 2. 4. enter Horizontal. click Line. click Finish (green check). Right-click. The name displays when you select the reference plane.Roofs . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 3. 5. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Roofs s 261 . Revit creates the roof using the Generic .12" type. 9.8. Switch to a 3D view. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.

Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 1. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 3. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. carefully select the far right roof edge. click Join/Unjoin Roof. Edit Geometry panel. 2. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Using the images for guidance. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. On the Modify tab. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. This is a two-step process. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

the vertical walls extrude through the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. 3. open the view Sections: Section 1. To select both walls together. This will join the wall tops to the roof. In the Project Browser. Roofs s 263 . click Attach: Top/ Base. However. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Select the roof. Trim Walls 1.4. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. 2. On the Options Bar. Select both walls. On the Modify Wall panel.

s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5.4. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Switch to a 3D view. In this exercise. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. The roof now looks correct. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.

Build panel. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top.rvt. 4. a dialog box is displayed. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On the Home tab. by Footprint. Unit7_first_roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. so you look straight down as in a plan. from existing walls. select Garage Roof. 1. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. The footprint sketch is created at 2. From the drop-down list. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The inner loops define openings in the roof. 3. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Click Yes. Because you are in a 3D view. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof.

Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.0". 6. s On Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. select the vertical wall on the left. click Defines Slope. 7.5. click Pick Walls. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall.Roofs . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. Use the image below for guidance. Next. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 8. If you place a line on the wrong side. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. clear the Defines slope option.

Select the right side roof line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 3. It becomes an editable field. That value displays next to the slope arrow. change the value to 6"/12". click Finish. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. defining lines separately. 2. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Change this value to 6"/12". By default. Click Modify. 1. To complete the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Click the 9"/12" text. click Yes. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Other controls also display. Roofs s 267 . The new roof displays.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Select the left slope defining line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof.

Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.rvt.Roofs .4. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. In this exercise. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5.

The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. click to select them. On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. The file opens to a 3D view. 4. set the overhang to 1' 0". Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. When all of the walls prehighlight. To chain-select all of the walls.rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Build panel. 3. On Home tab. Roofs s 269 . Clear Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. 2.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise.

click Rectangle. 4. Using the image for guidance. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.Create a Roof Opening 1. Right-click. 3. verify the 0' 0" Offset. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 2. Zoom into the chimney area. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. As an alternate. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.

On the Options Bar. select the Defines Slope. 5. Select the uppermost. Click Modify. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. horizontal line. Select the left lower horizontal line. 2. 3. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes. 6. Click Finish. As in the previous exercise. 4. select Defines Slope.Add Slope Lines 1. The slope indicator displays. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete.

Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.7. attached walls. 8.rvt. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise. and chimney penetration.

Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. The file should open to a 3D view. Create the Roof 1. you create a hip roof. Select Defines Slope. 3. 2. The completed exercise On the Home tab.0". Zoom into the area shown. 5. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.rvt. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls shown in the image. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 273 . On the Options Bar. set Overhang to 2' . 4. Build panel.

To close the roof sketch. On the Properties palette. In addition. Click OK. 2. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Raise the Roof 1. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. click Line. s On the Draw panel. 6. 3. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.Roofs . Click Finish to complete the roof. s s Clear Defines Slope. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Right-click the ViewCube.7. Switch to a 3D View. you use the Line tool. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.0".

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first.

In this exercise. and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .2.rvt. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

4. Create a Shed Roof 1. click Line. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 2. 6. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". On the Draw panel.rvt. 5. 7. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. Clear Defines Slope.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. click Pick Walls. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 277 . Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.

edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Set the Slope to 6" / 12".8. 12. horizontal line at the front of the roof. On the Properties palette. 10. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Modify. 11. 9. Right-click the line. Select the lower. Set the Offset to 0' 0".

rvt. Finish the Roof. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 279 . In this exercise.14. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 18. click Yes. 16. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 17. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 15.

Select the Roof. 3. 5. On the Properties palette.rvt. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. On the menu bar. Open the Default 3D view. select Level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Cutoff Level list. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 2. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof updates. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Roofs . Activate the view North Elevation. You see four levels defined in the model. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 4.

8.6. 11. Roofs s 281 . Finish the Roof. In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Switch to a 3D View. Select the inner rectangle as shown. On the Draw panel. on the Properties palette. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. set the slope value to 3"/12". On the Home tab. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. To set the slope for the new roof. 12. 10. select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar.rvt. 7. 9. 13. Zoom and spin to see your model. click Pick Lines. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof.

Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. thereby reducing energy consumption. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. In the Type Selector. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 2.Roofs .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 3. Select the main roof over the house. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1.

click Duplicate. Roofs s 283 . s s In the Type Properties dialog box.Define a Roof Structure 1. s Click OK. 3. 2. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. enter Clay Tile. click Edit Type. Select Layer 2 as shown. For Structure Value. 4. Click Insert to add a layer. Select the roof over the garage. 5. It is a generic roof type. click Edit. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. For Name.

s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".rvt. In this exercise. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. select Model. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8. 6.s s s In the Materials dialog box.Roofs . Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 7. Click OK twice. s Click OK. The garage roof displays a pattern. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

In the Open dialog box. On the Home tab. On the Insert tab. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In this exercise. 3. click Roof > Fascia.rvt. or for decoration. 2. Click Open. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. Roofs s 285 . to support a gutter.rfa. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.

Click OK. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 6.Paint Finish Ivory. For Name. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. for Profile.Roofs .5. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Material value to Metal . In the Type Properties dialog box. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Click Duplicate. Matte. click Edit Type.

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.rvt. Roofs s 287 .

select Metal Aluminum. The file should open to a 3D view. select Gutter . under Profile parameter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . so as not to detract from the design of the building. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. Under Material parameter. 5.Roofs . click Roof > Gutter. 6. Place Gutters In this exercise. The completed exercise 4. you add gutters to a building.Bevel: 5" x 5". 1. 2.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. click Edit Type. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Click OK.rvt. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. s Click Duplicate. 3. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Home tab.

7. you attached gutters to a roof. If you click the interior face. 9. Segments will clean up at corners. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 8. 11. Roofs s 289 . You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.rvt. 10. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

Roofs .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. water. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Medium c. Hip c. Low b. When referring to roof slope. Gambrel d. a. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. None of the above 3. General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place gutters. Gable b. True b.Roofs . the run is always 12. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . False 2. s Define a roof structure. High d. True b. Shed 4. s Place fascia.

face b. Extrusion d. True b. 10. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Footprint. Defines Slope c. Slope c. A compound roof contains layers. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Walls d. Face 3. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. False Summary/Questions s 293 . To add a slope to a roofline. ENTER 4. Walls. Add Slope b. False 7. a. DEL d. Roofs can be created using ______. a. Footprint b. Change the direction of the slope. c. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. extrusion. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. a. extrusion. Footprint. SHIFT c. Cut/Lengthen c. sketch. Turn slopes on or off. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. profile 2. Create an opening. Activate Slope 9. TAB b. a. Change the direction of the roof. pick d. a. True b. profile. d. False 5. b. Sketch. place a check mark next to: a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. a. Expand/Contract 6.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Sketch c. Footprint b. Material 8. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. lines c. True b. you use: a. a. Create Slope d. ______ or _______. Trim/Extend b.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations.

and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. and tool racks. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. bathrooms. floor. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. After completing this lesson. In a residential building. and special equipment. the kitchen. cabinetry. the location of special equipment. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure.Sections and Elevations . Sections are used to examine the roof. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. In a commercial structure.

and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Engineering. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. engineering.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

on the long axis of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and foundation plans. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. and are properly cross-referenced. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. t Cross or transverse sections.Sections and Elevations . across its narrower dimension. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. framing. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.

unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. and steel. partial. such as framing connections and foundation details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

For larger elevations.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s The position relationship between different elements.Sections and Elevations . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. such as doors and windows. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).

the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. however. Unnecessary Information Shades. For example. people. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. For siding. bushes. or methods of installation. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. East. Therefore. cars. The size of the object is listed first. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. this is reversed. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building." Mfr. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. You may. For a wood structure. South. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. followed by any additional information about spacing. shadows. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. quantity. the titles assigned (North. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. and so forth. and then the name of the material. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. With interior elevations.

Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. doors. This is usually done using a topset. The trim is usually glued into place. It can also be used around doorways and windows. chamfers. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. and types of finish materials used. Molding is normally decorative in nature. This is more costly than regular overlay. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. or a baseboard. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. doors and direction of door swings. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. flush overlay. or decorative patterns. tile. and lip. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. or linoleum) and the wall. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall.Sections and Elevations . Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. shelf arrangements. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. casements. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". or MDF. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Molding is usually made of plaster. windows. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". It may have curves. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. and materials used. wood. and special equipment such as toilets. dishwashers. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. and other appliances. coving. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. other openings. Hinges are concealed. which is a formed pressboard.

You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Add slope annotations. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Change the section head. which you can then add to a sheet. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Place a section view on a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Create an interior elevation.

306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . engineering. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. like an elevation. and Language Arts. and math standards. Technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. A section is a horizontal view. Engineering.Sections and Elevations . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Once created. This lesson relates to science. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology.

or other section view. provided its crop region intersects the view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. elevation. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. For example. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. Sections and Elevations s 307 .

If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view.

In the example shown. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. such as anchor bolts and siding. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Add breaklines as needed. s Add structural details. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Details are crucial for effective construction. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Once you create the detail section. In a set of construction documents. tracing over the existing elements. the slope of this roof is 2:12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add detail notes. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. So. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet.

try to specify standard roof pitch.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations .

you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Open the file ADA_Sections. Create panel. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The completed exercise 6.rvt. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 3. On the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . click Section. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 4. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The file opens to a 3D view. The Section command is available from the View tab. 2. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase.

s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary.Sections and Elevations . s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. and it has control grips to resize it. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. This is called the crop region. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. 3. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. On the Properties palette. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The actual location is not critical. Section Properties 1. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. 2. With the section line selected. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display.

Clear Crop Region Visible. 6. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The section view updates. The view is listed in your Project Browser. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). In this exercise. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible.rvt. you automatically created a section view. 5. Sections and Elevations s 313 .4. When you drew the section line. 7. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 8. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. In the Properties palette.

3. 2. In this exercise. Section Head .Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 7. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4. enter Open Arrow. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. click Duplicate.1 point Filled. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Click Open to load the family.No Arrow. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box.Sections and Elevations . 6. On the Insert tab. Several section head families are available.rfa. The view does not change. For Name. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 5. They include Section Head . On the Manage tab. Click OK. Settings panel. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Select Section Head-Open. and Section Head . click Load Family.Filled. Load from Library panel.

8. 12. Select the section line. 10. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. 13. Save as Unit8_section_open. 14. Click OK. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 9. For Section Head. The section head updates to the new head type.rvt. select Section Head . click Edit Type. Click Duplicate.Open. Click OK. In the Section Tag field. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. enter Open Arrow. 11. For Name. In this exercise. select Open Arrow. Sections and Elevations s 315 .

Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. click Callout. 6. 3. Create panel. On the View tab. select the border of the callout.rvt. 5. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.Sections and Elevations .Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Use the image below for guidance. On the Options Bar. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 4. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. To reposition the callout head. This is a building section. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles.

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners.7. Line is selected automatically. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. but not strongly. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. 4. 1. region patterns. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. 8. 2. On the Draw panel. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Sections and Elevations s 317 . You can add detail lines. select Chain. On the Annotate tab.rvt. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. click Region > Filled Region. detail components. as shown. Detail panel. On the Properties palette. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 3. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. On the Options Bar.

Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations . 7. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. On the Properties palette. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Select the upper and right side lines.5. Click OK. 6. For Name. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. enter Earth.

Click Open. On the Annotate tab. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . From the Fill Pattern list. 2. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below.rfa. Detail panel. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 1. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click OK. On the Mode panel.8. If you zoom in closer. click Load Family. click Component > Detail Component. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. Detail panel.Section. select Finish (green check). the pattern becomes visible. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. 3. On the Place Detail Component tab. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. 9.

From the Type Selector. In the Specify Types dialog box. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations . Click OK. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 5.4. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.

6. Add another Detail Component. From the Type Selector. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector list. Using the image below for guidance. Sections and Elevations s 321 . You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. 7. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Plywood.

Select the vertical plywood. On the Properties palette. This component represents the subflooring. Use the image below for guidance. 11.9. Click Component > Detail Component. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Place the component similarly to the image below.Sections and Elevations . Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Click Modify. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select anchor bolt. set the Thickness to 3/4". From the Type Selector. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 12. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 10. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.

14. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Modify panel of the context tab.13. On the Options Bar. select Lap Siding. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Click Modify. select Copy. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Use the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. select Multiple. From the Type Selector.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Save the file. 16.15. click Detail Line. select Wide Lines. Detail panel. Start at the end of the siding. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. From the Line Style Selector. Add Detail Lines 1. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.Sections and Elevations . 2. On the Annotate tab.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel.3. Still using Wide Lines. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. 5. 4.

10. click Insulation. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section.6. 7. Save the file. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click Edit in the Structure field. Detail panel. Click Modify. Right-click. On the Annotate tab. Add Insulation 1. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select the Material field in row 3.Sections and Elevations . 8. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. The wall display updates. Select the wall so it highlights. Next. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. you show the gypsum board in the wall. 2. identified as Wall material 1. 9.

1. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. 3. Your view should resemble the image shown. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. select Break Line. From the Type Selector.2. Sections and Elevations s 327 . On the Annotate tab.

add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The view should resemble the image shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 5. Place the breakline as shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. The Detail Component tool is still active. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. detail lines. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. In this exercise. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).4.Sections and Elevations . To complete the detail. You place another breakline. and detail components to it. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file. 7. 6.

quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 .rvt. 1. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. or methods of installation. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. and ventilation methods in construction documents. With nothing selected in the view. weatherproofing. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 3. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The border around the view will disappear. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. To add notes. 2. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The size of the object is listed first.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. s Clear Annotation Crop.

Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. insulation. 8. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 7. As you pull your cursor to the right. 9. Text panel. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . From the Type list. leader arrow as shown. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. On the Format panel.4. Move the pointer up 11. Finally. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.4" WEATHERING. click Two Segments. On the Annotate tab. 12. R13. 5. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. click Text. 10. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 6. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .Sections and Elevations .

C. O. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together.C. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 18. is an acronym for On Center. 20. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 15. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Sections and Elevations s 331 . and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Start the next text at the interior wall. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the baseboard. CONT is short for Continuous. Click ENTER to start a second line of text..13. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. 17. 19. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.C. . Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Click off the text to finish the entry. as the second line of text. 14.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.TYPE X. 16.

22. Click ENTER to start a second line. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click Modify. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 21.rvt. Note: CONC signifies concrete.Sections and Elevations . 23..

Highlight your title block. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Locate the A-Landscape. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 6. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 4.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. The new sheet becomes the current view.rvt. 5. and locate the detail view on it. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. or elevation view. Click Open. Right-click. Click OK to exit the dialog box. section.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In this exercise. you will want to add the views to a sheet. click Load. highlight Sheets. Click New Sheet. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. In the Project Browser. 3. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 2. This file is also available in the courseware datasets.

Sections and Elevations .7. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 9. On the View Control Bar. close to the crop border. click Show Crop Region. 8. In the Project Browser. Both Level ends will move together. Select a Level Line. Drag it to the right. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. select view Detail at Foundation. Click the control at its left end. click Hide Crop Region. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet.

For Number. 13. 12.301. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. you: s Created a new sheet. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. For Name. Click Rename.10. Click Zoom to Fit. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Click OK. Right-click. 11. Sections and Elevations s 335 . highlight the new sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. enter S.rvt.

rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 5. Select Elevations. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. When you create a project with a template. south. Open ADA_Elevations. Click OK. s Add any necessary dimensions. 6. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Set the display for building components as needed. east. and west. The elevation markers are now visible. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. It is defined by the green dotted line.Sections and Elevations . Click Zoom to Fit. Click the Annotations tab. s Add material notes. 4. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 2. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. 3. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Right-click. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add slope indication for roof. four elevation views are included: north. 2.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker.

click Visual Style > Hidden Line. On the Annotations tab. Sections and Elevations s 337 .2. 5. Click OK to exit the dialog box. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. clear Planting. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 4. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Next. clear Sections. On the Modelling tab. 3.

Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. In Surface Pattern. 11. Select the wall. click to open the list. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 8. It will be identified as Condo .Sections and Elevations . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. click Edit Type. modified its display. Click the button that displays to select a material. On the Properties palette. Select Sand. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 9. and modified the wall display characteristics. 13.rvt. 10.7. 12. Select the Material field for Layer 1.Exterior Stucco. In this exercise. you activated an elevation view. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit. select Edit in the Structure field. Save the file as Unit8_elevation.

In the Type Selector.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Add a note for the stone wall. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. 5. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the foundation. 2. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 4. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. or methods of installation. The size of the object is listed first. Enter TX. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. quantity. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 3.rvt. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.

8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. In this exercise. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the exterior stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 9. Add a note for the roof.6.Sections and Elevations . 7. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt.

rvt. 4. On the Options Bar. 2. For Offset from Reference. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 5. On the Annotate tab. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. enter 1/8". from the Slope Representation list. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 1. Dimension panel. 6. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. click Spot Slope. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. select Triangle. 3. Click to select the roof line.

click Aligned. 10. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Dimension panel. Click to locate the slope indicator. 9. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click Modify.7.Sections and Elevations . 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click to select the roof line. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 11. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. On the Annotate tab.

slope indicators. The west elevation now contains material notes. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and vertical dimensions. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. To create a continuous dimension as shown.12. select wall breaks and levels. leaders. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 13. In this exercise.rvt. 14. and dimensions for clarity.

Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Highlight the view. Right-click. In the Project Browser. dimensions. 3. Click Find Referring Views. special closets. Click Open View. In this exercise. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. and cabinetry. kitchens.Sections and Elevations . locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. equipment rooms. 2.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. This view was already defined in the drawing.rvt.

click Aligned.4. Right-click. On the Annotate tab. click OK. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. s s s s Click Duplicate. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Dimension panel. 5. 7. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Clear Use Project Settings. In the Name box. 6.

You modified a dimension style.rvt. 10. detail the interior section. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise.9. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.

All of the above. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. s Create slope annotations. Show the relationships between elements. is always the true orientation. Walls c. s Create a section view. 2. General Questions 1. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. All of the above 5. d. Not in Contract c. Either one. s Create material annotations. c. False 3. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Nobody in Charge d. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Cabinetry d. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The orientation of the exterior elevation. The direction the structure is facing. a. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. b. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. b. Indicate the location of doors and windows.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. such as north. True b. 4. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. it depends. s Create filled regions. The direction the viewer is facing. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Not in Concrete b.

The dotted line indicates: a. The boundaries of the view. True b. Element properties c. The Visual Style of the view. you use: a. a. Which elevation is it? a. West c. Right-click. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. but not a 6. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . False 5. b and c. The detail level of the view. On the View tab. Sun and Shadow b. The height of the view. False 2. b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. c. d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. South d. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. East b. North 3.Sections and Elevations . c. b. d. True b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. click Sheet Composition > View. Click Add View. 4.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 3. 5. 2. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. Review Schedules. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 6.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Math (STEM). height. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. such as reference number. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. About Schedules s 351 . engineering. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Technology. width. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and thickness. Engineering. Some of these building objects include. This lesson relates to science.

some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. There are different types of schedule tables. the same primary information is included. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. However. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Instance. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. depending on the style of the architectural firm. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

Other letters are P for plumbing. Using the software. hexagon. Like schedules.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. However. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . A circle. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. The following image shows door. window. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedules . Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. E for electrical. and A for appliances.

drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. s Export a schedule. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. rooms. To review the list of standards for each lesson. hardware. technology. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. materials. Math (STEM). Schedules list items such as doors. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Project templates include preset schedules. and you can create your own schedules.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Add room tags. and Language Arts. Engineering. Schedules s 355 . engineering. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. This lesson relates to science. s Create a room schedule. and math standards. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. equipment. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

rvt.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. and you set the schedule to display totals.Schedules . Open ADA_Window_Schedules. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. 2. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In Available Fields. and Width. 7. Add Count.s Window Tag 5. Schedules s 357 . Level. 3. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Select Windows from the list. On the View tab. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 4. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Type Mark. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Click Add. Height. select Comments. 6.

Move the fields so they display in the order shown.8. from left to right. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 9. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Select the fields. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules .

but without any useful calculations yet. select Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. From the Sort By list. 3. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Select Blank Line. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1. 2. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Schedules s 359 .

In the Project Browser. for Sorting/ Grouping. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . On the Properties palette. click the schedule name. 3. in this case). Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. in the Then By sorting field.Schedules . In order to calculate the total number of windows. 2. you can have the schedule report this. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. clear Itemize Every Instance. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Notice how the schedule has changed. select Level.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. Rather than make a manual calculation. 4. 1. click Edit. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window.

you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. 6.5. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.rvt. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. In this exercise. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. The totals for each window type now display. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. From the list. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. On the Properties palette. click Edit 7. and Totals. Count. s Set the schedule to display category totals. select Footer. Schedules s 361 . select Title. for Sorting/ Grouping.

You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room > Room. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 2. 3. 5. Locate the file named Room Tag. Room size. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Home tab. In this exercise. floor type. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. ceiling type. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Open ADA_Room_Tags.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Click Open. based on the amount of space in each room. Room & Area panel.Schedules . and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.rvt. 4. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. occupancy.

8. a total of 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement. click Room > Room Separation Line. 7. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule.In the Type Selector. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. On the Home tab. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Room & Area panel. 6. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Schedules s 363 . Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. and in the hall as shown.

The room tag updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 11. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. An edit box activates. 10. 13. s Click the Room text. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room. The area value for Room 7 updates. 12. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. On the Room & Area panel.9. Place a room tag below the room separation line.Schedules . Select Room #2. Click Modify. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. The cursor changes to sketch mode.

rvt. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. enter Sales. Schedules s 365 . s Tagged various objects.14. s Changed room tag field values. s Added a room separation. 15. In this exercise. for Name. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. you: s Loaded a room tag. On the Properties palette.

Click OK. In the Available Fields pane. Click Add--> after each selection. and Area to be included in your schedule. select Number. Create a Room Schedule 1. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. 3. enter Square Footage Report. For Name. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Name.rvt. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Set the Sort By value to Number. Create panel. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 6. 2. 4. The completed exercise 5. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. The New Schedule dialog box displays. On the View tab.

8. Highlight the Area field. Change the Heading to No. s Set Alignment to Right.7. Schedules s 367 . clear Use Project Settings. In the Format dialog box. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet. Click OK. 9. Select Grand Totals. s Click Field Format. 10. Click the Formatting tab. Highlight the Number field. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box.

You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. you: s Created a room schedule. In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt.11. s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules . 12.

Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Schedules s 369 . you export the room schedule to a text file. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. 6. 2. The file is created. You can then use this file in other applications. Double-click it to open it. Note the formatting that has been applied. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. locate the file you created. 4. 5. Click Save. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Click OK. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Using your Windows Explorer. 3. On the application menu.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Browse to a directory to save your report. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.txt) file.rvt.

8. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise.Schedules . The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7.

d. True b. What is a schedule table? a. s Reformat a schedule. Type b. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. b. Instance 3. A list of sheets used in a project. c. None of the above. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. True b. a. a. s Load a schedule tag. Questions 1. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Matrix d. 2. s Place a schedule tag. s Export a schedule. False Summary/Questions s 371 . False 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Quantity c.

View tab c. To export a schedule. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Schedules . Application menu d. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. CSV d. Annotate b. use the ____ . Modify 2. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Manage tab 3. XLS c. a. TXT b. Home d. View c. Annotate tab b.

3. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Review Visualization. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 2. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 4.

or camera on a path. Finally. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export an FBX file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Apply shading to a view. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. s Export a DWG file. s Add planting components. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Technology. s Assign materials. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you create a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Export a walkthrough. and Language Arts.Visualization . This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. s Play a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Orient walls and windows. Math (STEM).

You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. courseware datasets.rvt. s s 2. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You worked on animations. To prepare your model for rendering. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Open Unit2_custom_family. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Assign materials. s Make a camera view the active view. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.

verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 4. 5. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Stud. 6. Select one of the exterior walls. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Right-click. Select any exterior wall. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.3. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. The wall display updates. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. If you do not see any change in the wall display.Visualization . You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. The walls now display layers of materials.

Repeat the process for the windows. Click Change wall's orientation. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. 10. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Click OK. Open the Default 3D view.7. On the Properties palette. Right-click. Select the toposurface object. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. In addition to using the control arrows. Select Site: Grass. Visualization s 377 . you can: s s s 9. 8. Select walls.

In the Select File to Import dialog box.FBX). 12. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK in any notices and warnings. for Files of type. Open 3ds Max Design. and click Open. Select the file name. select Autodesk (*. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. you have completed this exercise. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. This will filter the file list.11. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.Visualization . click Import > Import. Select the Roof. Save the file as Unit10_Export.rvt. Note the file location. On the application menu. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. click Export > FBX. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 3. On the application menu.

Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you have completed this exercise. open Unit10_Export. click Next. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. There is no way to update it from Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Open or return to Revit. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.rvt. Note the file location. Depending on your system resources.4. Close the file without saving. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 2. On the application menu. Visualization s 379 . 3. If necessary. Export the Model to DWG 1. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG.

Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 8. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 9. click File. Open or return to Revit. open Unit10_Export. Select two windows as shown. If necessary. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 7.Visualization . On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 5. On the application menu. Click Open. Close the File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. Select the file name.max. In the File Link Manager . click References > File Link Manager. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.4. click Attach This File. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 6.

10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the file. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 12. In the dialog box. Open the 3D view. Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. On the application menu. 11.

382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Close the File Link Manager. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open the File Link Manager. 15. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Oriented walls and windows.Visualization . In this exercise. s Changed a material definition. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. The windows have changed. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. The linked file updates. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.14. Open the Files tab.

On the View tab. and create a second rendering. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Place a Camera 1. If you place the camera too close to the model. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. 3. Open the Site view. Open Unit10_Export. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Create panel. Visualization s 383 . add plantings to the model. as shown. you place a camera in a model. click Camera. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In this exercise. generate a rendering. 2.rvt. change materials.

If necessary. 2. select Very Few Clouds. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. On the View Control Bar. click Show Rendering Dialog. Return to the perspective view. s s s s Open a floor plan view. The camera will be visible. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. 6. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser.Visualization .4. 5. Open the Site view again. The camera perspective view opens. Render Setup 1. Right-click. Click Show Camera. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 7.

On the Massing & Site tab. Open the Site view. and Lighting. Visualization s 385 . Open view 3D View 1. click Site Component. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Click Render.3. 2. Enhance the Model 1. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Accept the default settings for Quality. 3. s Click Render. s Click Render to create a new rendered image.30' approximately as shown. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Model Site panel. Output Settings.

Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. click Save to Project. In the Rendering dialog box.4. and you can now select elements for editing. 2. 5. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Change Materials 1. In the Save to Project dialog box. 4. click Edit Type. click Edit Type. Select an exterior wall. 3. On the Properties palette. click OK. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. In the Materials list. Revit places the image in its own view. select Roofing . Click Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. 6. The model displays in the view. In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization . click Show the Model. Select the roof. In the Layer 1 Material field.Wood Shake.

Select the icon next to Masonry . 9. Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Replace. 7. Click Edit in the Structure field. 8.10.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Visualization s 387 .

388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Rendering dialog box. 14. s Created a raytrace setup. 16. 13. These images are now available as options to present to a client. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Edited materials in model components. click Save to Project. In this exercise. The new image is placed in its own view.Brick Uniform Running Brown. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK. s Generated and captured a render image. 15. Save the file as Unit10_render. Select Masonry . Click OK four times to exit the dialog box.Visualization . 12. s Generated and captured a second render image.11. click Render.rvt. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.

or walkthroughs. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s On the View tab. s Edit the camera and path. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s Right-click again. Create panel. Open Unit10_render. Visualization s 389 . The cursor changes to a crosshair. In this exercise. click to the left of the model as shown. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame.rvt. The camera and path can be edited. s Right-click. Click Zoom Out (2x). Open floor plan view Level 1. along the path can be viewed in different modes. 4. 2. or frame. 3. s View the animation in a media player. click 3d View > Walkthrough. Click Zoom to Fit. To place a key frame. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. and exported individually. Each view. in a project model. rendered. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player.

On the Modify | Cameras tab. click Finish Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. The Options Bar changes. Select the direction control for the camera. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 11. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .5. Drag it to the left. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 9. 8.Visualization . 10. Walkthrough panel. Repeat for all the key frames. The camera is located on the final key frame. click Edit Walkthrough. 7. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 6.

change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Click Open. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Click Edit Walkthrough. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Drag the path away from the model as shown.12. If camera positions distort. On the Walkthrough panel. select Path. Visualization s 391 . Check the view in several key frames. click Next Key Frame. 3. 13. The path displays control dots at key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. From the Controls list. 2.

Click Save. 4. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Click OK. 2. In the Video Compression dialog box. On the application menu. File Name.Play the Walkthrough 1. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 3. Revit generates the external AVI file. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. click OK. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. notice where you save the file. 2.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1. select a video compression method to hold down file size. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Click Play. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Length/Format dialog box.

Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. 6.5. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. Double-click the new file name. Visualization s 393 .

you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Edited the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player. save the Revit Architecture file.7.Visualization . If you have made changes to the building model.

To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. False 2. Save As > FBX c. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. a. Align c. s Orient walls and windows. s Add planting components. s Place a camera. Questions 1. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. True b. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Print to File b. True b. s Export a DWG file. View > Shading d. you use: a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. a. s Create a raytrace rendering. you use: a. Export > FBX 3. s Apply shading to a view. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Demolish 2. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. True b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Split b. s Assign materials. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Flip Orientation d.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

2. you learn how to place structural columns. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. In the following exercises. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. and braces. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 3. Lesson Plan 1. 5. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. foundations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . Review structural columns. beam systems. beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Evaluate Students. beams and braces.

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural .

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . walls.Structural . and other building objects. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. especially columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. Knowing where structural members.

After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. Place columns and beams on grids. Place beam systems and braces.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Technology. Math (STEM). Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Create column grids. Structural s 401 . This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. often mainly glass. As with columns.Structural . wood. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. wood. Select a floor. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open Deck Framing. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. 3. click Column > Structural Column. In this exercise. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. spans without walls. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. On the View Control Bar. beams can be steel. They come in types defined by size and shape. Beams connect columns or walls.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. this is known as post and beam construction. or concrete.Hide Category. 2. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. In residential construction. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Structural columns can be steel. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 1. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. or reinforced concrete. On the Build panel of the Home tab.

3A. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Structural s 403 . This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". On the Options Bar. 5. and 4B. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. On the View Control Bar. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. In the Type Selector. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A.4. 6. 7. 8. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. click Depth.

Open Plan View Deck Framing. Place Beams 1. Click OK. rail. and columns clearly. Right-click. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2".Structural . Click OK. Click Hide In View > Element. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .9. 10. In the Project Browser. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 2. The columns are now hidden by the floors. 11. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click off the columns to clear your selection set. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

Structure panel. 5. 4. click Beam. On the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. s In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Structure tab. Click. select Chain. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. To place beams: Structural s 405 .3. In the Type Selector.

set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. On the Properties palette. Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 7. Click Modify. 6. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . Click.

s Place a beam from A2 to A3. 11. In this exercise. If a Warning dialog box that opens. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. as shown. Click. 12. click Beam. Structural s 407 . To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Save the file as Deck Beams. Structure panel. Click Modify. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. 9.rvt. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Make Wall Bearing. Click OK. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Click on grid intersection B4. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10.8. On the Properties palette.

Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. Structure panel. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. On the Structure tab.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. you: s Place beam systems. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Open Plan View Deck Framing. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. Open Deck Beams. or number of beams in a bay. 2. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. The completed exercise 5. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.Structural . click Pick Supports. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. 4. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Place braces.rvt. Place Beam Systems 1. 3. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. click No. distance. Click the beam on Grid 1. In this exercise. click Sketch Beam System. click Beam System.

Draw a line on the face of the wall.6. Structural s 409 . click Line. On the Draw panel. 7. as shown. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.

Trim as necessary. On the Properties palette. On the Properties palette.6". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Click Finish. s 9. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . 10.2".Structural . Click the beam on Grid 2. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .8. On the Mode panel. 11. s s On the Draw panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. click Create Similar. click Finish (green check). Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. click Pick Supports. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. click Line. s s s On the Draw panel. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . set Elevation to -0'-9".

On the View Control Bar. 2. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Click to place the elevation. as shown. 5. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In the Project Browser. unlike regular elevations. 3. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the Structure tab. Create panel. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View tab. 4.Place Braces 1. Adjust the view crop region as shown. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. click Brace. It has an automatic work plane. Structure panel. Structural s 411 .

In the view window. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.6. to start the brace.Structural . 9. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat the brace going right to left. 8. In the Type Selector. Click Modify. 7.

you: s Placed beam systems. In this exercise. s Placed braces. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. 11. Structural s 413 .10. Save the file as Deck structure.rvt.

A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model.Structural . click Grid. In this exercise. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. but they can also be angular and radial. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid datasets.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. and walls. and section views. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. as shown. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Datum panel. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. elevation. You can change a grid number at any time. beams. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click in the lower left to start a grid line. The exact location is not critical. The exact length is not critical. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. In plan views. 2. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The numbering automatically increments. s s In the view window.

Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active.3. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to start another grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. 4. Click to place a new grid line.

Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Press ENTER. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. The new grid line will be number 3. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Grid 3 is already the selection set. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. Click to start a grid line. The new grid line is number 5. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click to place the grid line. close to the heads. click Copy. 6. 7. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.Structural .5. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Enter A at the keyboard. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. s Select Grid Line 2. Pull the cursor to the right. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Pull the cursor to the left.

Structural s 417 . 11. 10. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Change the number to 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.1 is still selected. On the grid line. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. This grid line will be number B. s Click to place the grid line. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. 9.1. s Click Copy. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Select grid 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. The Grid tool is still active.8. Grid 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This completes the main grid.

set Offset to 15'-0". s Click to start the grid line. The Grid tool is still active. On the Home tab. click Pick. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Change the number to EE. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. Click to place the grid head. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Create panel. enter 15. Press ENTER. select Center-Ends Arc. s s Click grid intersection D3. click Grid. 4. click Radius. Zoom to Fit. 3. In the Radius field.000 o . On the Options Bar.Structural . Click in the new grid bubble.

7. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together.5. 6. Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click to place grid FF. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. You will need to identify it easily.

s In this exercise.8.Pick Axis.rvt. Zoom to Fit. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 9. s Select grid 3. click Create Similar. s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. 11. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Click to place the grid line. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s 10. Press ENTER.000. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Revit will create grid 32. Enter 31 to change the name. click Mirror . s Select grid 31. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.Structural .

select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. As a result. Structure panel. Structural s 421 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Use a column grid to place beams. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Change a grid layout. s 3. This is a steel column. click Column > Structural Column. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. In this exercise. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. In the Type Selector. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. 2. Open ADA_Grids-complete. you typically create a grid.

C and D. 4. In the Multiple panel. A. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Multiple panel. click Finish. click At Grids. 4. 6. 3. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1.s s On the Options Bar. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.Structural . 5. 2. B. set Height to Level 3.

The grid. Window-select all the grid lines. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. 3. click Finish. columns. Click Grid 1. Structural s 423 . click Beam. 4.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. click On Grids. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Zoom to Fit. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 5. and beams will move to the right. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 2.

6. Columns and beams will move to the right. click Undo. 4. Open the Default 3D view. click No. Click Redo. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 3. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. window-select all the columns. click Finish. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Multiple panel. In the view window. 1. click Isolated.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click At Columns. 2. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Multiple panel. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.Structural . On the Quick Access toolbar.

A warning displays. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. s On the Properties palette. 7. The footing changes size.5. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click OK. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 6. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". To change the size of the footing. Press ESC to clear the column selection. Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column.

s Used a column grid to place beams. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Added footings to columns. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout. In this exercise.8. Save and close the file.Structural .

Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Structural .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

s Add footings to columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Brace c. s Place braces. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place beam systems. 2. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. True b. s Use a column grid to place columns. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Beam d. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Column b. s Change a grid layout. Questions 1. All of the above.

You cannot change a column's height after you place it. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. you: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select a beam type and define the system layout. Select the type of beam or column to place. a. A but not B.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Structural . you use: a. True b. If you relocate a grid line. Flip Orientation d. 2. True b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. you can: a. c. All of the above. d. 3. b. Properties c. b. a. d. Pick points. To create a beam system. Stretch b. To change the height of a column. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. False 4. c. 5. When placing columns or beams. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . A and B.

Copyright s 431 . Starkweather .Director. Milwaukee.iteaconnect. Poway High School.org Project Lead the Way. WI Roger Dohm .Executive Director. Randy Dymond. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. South Division High School. PE . Poway.Teacher.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Inc. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Susan Harrington . International Technology Education Association www. Mathematics. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Ltd.Instructor.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. CA Ronald A Williams.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Smith .

INC. for any purpose. AutoCAD. AutoCAD Architecture. 2010 Autodesk. this publication. All rights reserved. All rights reserved. “AS IS. Autodesk Revit MEP. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Inc. INC. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . AutoCAD Civil 3D. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Published by: Autodesk. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK.. may not be reproduced in any form. All other brand names. AutoCAD MEP. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. Inc. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Autodesk Inventor. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Inc. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. Trademarks Autodesk. Autodesk Revit Architecture.. Inc. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. product names. Inc.” AUTODESK.© 2010 Autodesk. CA 94903. or parts thereof. by any method. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder.

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