Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

stairs.Software Tools . The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. elevation. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . furniture. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. floors. and 3D views. You can add building elements in plan. section. windows. Other building elements such as doors. roofs.

In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.While components are being sketched. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . the other will move as well.

Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In essence.If the left side wall is moved.

s Use the In-Place Mass tool. s Constrain placement of objects. and Language Arts. technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. and math standards. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Place a predefined Mass family. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Engineering. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. engineering.

walls. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. There are mass families available to load into a project. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. owner. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. roofs. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and then converted into building components such as floors. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or masses. you can create in-place masses. quickly. Masses can be edited in many ways. such as distance requirements from roadways. size. and curtain systems. A designer.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

masses. walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. roofs. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Math (STEM). technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. legends. Engineering. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. and math standards. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. tags. and Language Arts. s Explain the use of dimensions. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . engineering. Annotation includes text notes. Technology. and symbol heads.

and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

and permanent dimensions for annotating. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial.Software Tools .

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y. and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Math (STEM).Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Options Bar. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and Language Arts. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the Type Selector. s Open and use ribbon tabs. and math standards. s Work with tool buttons.Software Tools . you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. This lesson relates to science. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Engineering. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. technology.

windows. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. for instance. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 . Its position is fixed. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. and rooms. Some commands will not be active (that is. beams. doors.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

structural walls. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. detailing. columns. and foundations. symbols. and text. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. braces. Display and Navigation s 33 . trusses.

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Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

and inquiry. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters. copy/paste. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. Context tabs display as you work.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Print. Open. and Close. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New. Save.Software Tools .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

Software Tools . and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sheets. families. schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Legends. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. with four elevation markers visible. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. schedules. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sun settings. shadow display. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. Windows panel on the ribbon. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. A check mark indicates it is visible. View Control Bar View scale. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. cropping. level of detail. visual style. click the User Interface button located on the View tab.Software Tools . The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. rendering (in 3D views).

Display and Navigation s 43 . To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. Select the desired view scale from the list.

Shaded. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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date and time. sun and shadow intensity. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. or by global location. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . which can be according to the view. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent.Crop region selected.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them. These controls.Software Tools . along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

View. Collaborate. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Display and Navigation s 55 . Annotate. Structure. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Nine tabs are available: Home. Insert. Manage and Modify. Massing & Site. To activate or open a view.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it. When a context tab is active. Display and Navigation s 57 . showing options that you can select while you are working. Properties Palette. a context tab opens on the ribbon. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.Context Tabs. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. If you select items in the view window. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started.

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Display and Navigation s 59 . The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

the application menu.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. File Save. and Publish. The application menu contains file management controls. Print. New File. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Export. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Close only appears on the application menu. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Click a file name to open that file. such as File Open. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Display and Navigation s 65 .

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

If you select the menu option. or click New > Project from the application menu. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Do this for other tabs. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 3. On the ribbon. After you have examined each of them. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The panel titles display under the tab titles. To start a new project.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Navigation s 67 . Select Minimize to Panel Titles. The completed exercise 4. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. make the Home tab active. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. click OK in the dialog box that opens. 2. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list.

hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. They disappear when you move the cursor away. In this exercise. Select Cycle Through All. you opened a project file. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Close the file without saving. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 6. 7.Software Tools . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.5. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then viewed. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons.

Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. In the Project Browser. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Quick Start for Revit Architecture.rvt. You worked on this file in Getting Started. doubleclick the view name. Open quick_start_building_elements. 2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Exercise 2. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1.

Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. You are selecting everything visible. On the Properties palette. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. and windows highlight blue. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. 6. 5. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". all the walls.3. Clear Walls and Doors. 4. Click any interior wall. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens.Software Tools . 7. doors. . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 8. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click OK. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements.

the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Click any door.9. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 10. On the Modify | Doors context tab.rvt. examined the menus and toolbars. you opened a project file. click Create panel > Create Similar. Display and Navigation s 71 . Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. On the Properties palette. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 12. 11. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. In this exercise. Place a door as shown.

s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. building elements (walls. Component families include model objects (furniture. System families include levels. In the exercises. either predefined or user-created. mechanical equipment). s Work with Revit families. display controls. and Language Arts. and elevation views by default. ceiling plan. Technology. schedules. You can create sections. annotations. s Create a new in-place family. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. templates. drafting views. s Load and place component families. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and views.Software Tools . you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Engineering. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. operating settings. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . lines. Revit provides floor plan. floors). you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and 3D views using the View menu. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). Pan.

and math standards. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering.This lesson relates to science.

Four elevation markers are visible. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. First. 2. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Right-click. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Use your keyboard to enter VV. is an extensive database. Rightclick in the view window. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. There is also a copy in the course datasets. The display changes.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Open Unit2_building_elements. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. even a small one. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit. VG also opens the dialog box. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. 3. There is no way to see everything in it. Click the Annotation Categories tab.rvt.

Right-click. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. so be sure to select them both. There are two parts to an elevation. Select the roof outline. 5. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. click Detail Level. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view.4. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Zoom to Fit. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. Select Detail Level: Medium. Right-click. Enter ZF. 6. Click Open. 7. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Click Zoom In Region. On the View Control Bar. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out.

8. 2. Enter VH. Turn off visibility of the elevations. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. doors and windows are not shown. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. On the Properties palette. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. View Properties 1. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. as before. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. change the Underlay value to None. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.

the ridge is now visible. Click Rename. enter Roof. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Next to View Range. 4. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views.0". Right-click. For Name. click Edit. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser.3. and where the cut plane sits.

click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. 4. select Winter Solstice. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. 2. select Still.Graphic Display Options 1. Accept the location that activates. select Shadows On. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Shading with Edges. 5. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Open Elevation view South. In the dialog box that opens. 3. under Solar Study. In the Sun Settings dialog box. In the Presets list. Set the time to 9:30 am. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen.Software Tools .

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update. Save the file as Unit2_views.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.rvt. In this exercise.

There are system families. Additionally. lights. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. doors and windows are dependent on walls). You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. This exercise illustrates how you locate. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. and so on. load. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. Open Unit2_views. Doors. is predefined within Revit. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. commercial. such as levels. In Revit.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. windows. Doors are considered standard family entities. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . roofs. Build panel. 2. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. and families in place. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. or institutional structures. standard families. These components are called families and there are several different types. furniture). Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.rvt. railings. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. walls. s A system family. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and annotations are examples of standard families. On the Home tab. and use a Revit family to place a door.Software Tools . and furniture. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. click Door. windows. floors. you open an existing project file. or stand-alone (for example. furniture. 3. and floors. You add closet doors to interior walls. and place Revit families. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. objects can be defined as hosted (for example.

Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Accept the default size. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Project files have a file extension of *. You click to place an instance of the door family. and Annotation. Family files have a file extension of *. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.rfa.rvt. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Furniture. Click the Doors folder. It has a number of different sizes defined. 4. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. 5. s s 6. Locate Double Panel 2. If you highlight a door family. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. As you move your cursor near any wall. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rfa. Click Open. Click Open. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Tag panel.

You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. you located. loaded. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 9. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. but not strongly. Place two more instances of the door as shown. 8.7. In this exercise. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Place an instance of the door as shown.Software Tools . The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. and placed instances of a door family. simply click it.

click Duplicate. 2. 5. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The required width is not available. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Open Unit2_doors_walls. and create an in-place family. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . Select the double door as shown. enter 48" x 80". Click OK. 3. In the Type Properties dialog box. modify a door family. This door needs to be 48" wide. 4.rvt. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. you open an existing project file. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. For Name.

On the Home tab. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. On the Properties palette. 5. 2. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. The door updates. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Click OK. set the Extrusion End value to 6". select Generic Models.Software Tools . and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 3. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. click Component > Model In-Place. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 1. enter Hall Clock. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. In the dialog box. For Name. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. is to create a component family in place. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 4.6. Click OK. Build panel.

Revit will display . Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". You have created the base of the clock. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.0' 2". Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 12.rvt. 13.6. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 8. 7.4" as shown. The family model updates. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.2". 10. loaded. 11. click Rectangle. 9. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. you located. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. and placed a door family. Click OK. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. as shown. On the Draw panel. In this exercise.

STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. b. Either a or b. s Create an in-place model family. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. b. True b. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. True b. 6. Go to View > View Name in the menu. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. depending on the template selected. s Adjust Visual Style Options. False 2. 7. c. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. a. a. and place a family from a library. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. Questions 1. and Options Bar.Software Tools . s Change type properties of a family. Create a 3D perspective view. d. and click Open. True b. load. a. c. True b. Zoom to the entire model. d. s Access. The tool shown is used to: a. Each project has several predefined views. False 3. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. False 4. Turn on Shadows. Spin the model in 3D space. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Right-click. s Change view properties. d. To activate a view: a. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Views can be renamed. False 5. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Change view displays. b. c. context tabs. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. tab. s Open different views.

Scroll d. Project Browser d. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Parts d. Families 11.) are called: a. A family created within a project is called ________________. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Blocks c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b.8. windows. depending on settings 9. In-Place d. Rotate c. etc. Standard b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. System c. Pan and Zoom b. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. All of the above. Multiview b. Properties palette 10. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

s Create dimensions and text. 7. s Create a project template. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 5. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Duplicate and modify views. 6. 4. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Create labels. Lesson Plan 1. 9. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 2. you will be able to: s Select a project template.

colors. Visit the AIA website at www. and Language Arts. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Explain why templates are used. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. After completing this lesson. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. should be used. defining the layers. based on the AIA standards.org. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and the settings that are preset within them. linetypes. Math (STEM). and so forth. colors. linetypes. Technology. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Visit the AIAS website at www. Many cities and counties have their own rules. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.aias. Engineering.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards.aia. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.org.Standards and Building Codes . 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

a common area (such as a living room or family room). Drawing Units Architectural drawing. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. one window. A garage must be completely enclosed. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. windows. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. a bathroom. doors. it cannot be called a bedroom. like mechanical drawing.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. If there is a fire. it must have at least one door. and so on. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. a garage. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. and so on. the number being its numerical value. otherwise it is considered a carport. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. For example. If it lacks any of these components. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . defined and adopted by convention. and one closet.

unit symbol m. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. or imperial. glass. In architectural drafting. However.For example. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . is 169 m. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. Another method is to apply dual notation. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. unit symbol ft. is 555 ft. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. and other materials. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. in the United States. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. units are applied to dimensions. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. using imperial units.. also known as the International System of Units. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.. such as room size and wall height. Here h is the physical quantity. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. the construction industry still uses the English.

This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.Standards and Building Codes .) 8. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. line weight and pattern. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. sheets.Scales are ratios. and viewports.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Each size is designated by a letter. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. In Revit Architecture.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". one value representing another value. every 1/8" would represent 1'.

ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. site plan.01. The integers go from 0 to 9. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. symbols.a modified version of the AIA standard. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. temporary Schedules Sections. notes Demolition. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. You create and position views. elevators. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.

and other relevant information. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. The next space is for tracking revisions. fonts. For example. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the date drawn. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The paper is oriented landscape. followed by information on the building's owner. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. drawing scales. that is. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. so that the height is less than the width. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. the electrician. the author of the drawing. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and layer standards. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. annotation plot sizes. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Typically.Standards and Building Codes . and so on. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Usually. the HVAC company. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The column is divided into sections.

The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. and so forth. layer settings. title blocks.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. dimension and text styles. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

and Language Arts. These can be used to build your model. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and walls. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Technology. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. views. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). dimension styles.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. windows. Engineering. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes .

This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click New > Project. apartments. Select a Template 1. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. 2.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. In the New Project dialog box.Standards and Building Codes . or store. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. In Revit. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. you create a new project file using a template. you use templates as starting points. factory. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Open Revit to an empty project file. Condominiums. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 3. click Browse. On the application menu. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.

Click Open. 5. On the application menu. click Close to close this project without saving. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. saving set up time.4. you started a new project file using a standard template. In this exercise.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click OK. Select the Residential-Default. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. 6. Settings s 103 .

open ADA__Settings. The file opens to a 3D view. In this exercise. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Press ESC to cancel the wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. 2. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In the Project Browser. Build panel. Pull the cursor to the right. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Click to start a new wall. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. the drawing setup options are preset. s Place the cursor over the left wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. 3. The Wall tool remains active. click Wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. In the courseware datasets folder.rvt.

Place the cursor over the left wall. 8. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. In this exercise. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 5. click to start a new wall. Close the file without saving. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Settings s 105 .) 6.4. 7. and move the cursor right. Click Format for Length. s Set Unit symbol to m. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Press ESC to cancel the wall.) s Select Suppress Training 0's.

By default. click Aligned. dimensions not only display. create. enter Big Text. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. but also control the size and location of objects. 4. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 3. 1. Click OK. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. 2. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Annotate tab. or insert components. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. click Edit Type. there are two types of dimensions.rvt. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. click Duplicate. Open ADA_Dimensions. Dimension panel. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. On the Properties palette. temporary and permanent.

Click to place. 6. Select the top. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The Dimension tool is still active.5. left. Settings s 107 . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. 7. and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Click OK twice.

and far right vertical walls. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes . you opened an existing file. Close the file without saving. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. Click to place the dimension. s s s Select the far left. upper. The Dimension tool stays active. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. In this exercise.8. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. created a new dimension style. 9. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

2. These are annotations. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.rvt. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. and the view window displays the new plan. 3. Notice the door and window tags. Settings s 109 . In order to do this. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. There are no annotations visible. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In the datasets folder.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. In the Project Browser. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.

Settings panel. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view.Standards and Building Codes . Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 7. 9. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. On the Manage tab. Model Categories tab. 1. In the Project Browser. Click OK to update the display of this view.4. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. 6. In the Project Browser. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Double-click to open it. 5. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click Rename. click Project Information. select Floor Plan: Level 1. 8.

In the Value column of Project Address. or supply your own values: Click OK. Rightclick. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. click Edit.Add a Sheet 1. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also enter the address of your school. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click OK. Settings s 111 . 2. 3. Enter the address as shown. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 2. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected.) 3. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click New Sheet.

01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Notice the change to the title block. Click Apply. In the Identity Data and Other sections. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Next. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.4.Standards and Building Codes . s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.

It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Deactivate View. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select Add View to Sheet. 2. Settings s 113 .s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select the new viewport. Click Activate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Right-click. 4. Right-click in the view. 3.

deselect it. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise.5. you: select it. Close the file without saving. The Scale updates in the title block. The view updates on the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. 6. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Place the cursor 7. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Placed a view on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . s Added a sheet. Finish the move. of the sheet.

Start Revit Architecture. It opens to the Recent Files window. Select A-11x8. Settings s 115 . 2.5. Click Open.rft. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 4. click New > Titleblock. On the application menu. This is one of the longer exercises.5 title block template opens. A copy of the 11 x 8.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 3.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Click Zoom to Fit. click Close. Your teacher may specify another location. In this exercise. 10. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. On the application menu. Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 15. Accept the Sample Value. On the Quick Access toolbar. Add a label for Checked By. Save the title block as A . To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Sheet Number. Accept the Sample Value. select Drawn By. s Accept the Sample Value. 12. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.rfa. 14. 11. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom.9. Right-click. click Save to save the title block.Landscape. 13. s Click Add. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you created a title block using a template file.

4. Insert a Title Block 1. 5. Click Open. 3. Your title block is now displayed in the list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. In the Recent Files window. and then load a custom title block into your project. 2. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Highlight the title block and click OK. Locate your title block. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. click New to create a new project using the default template. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Settings s 125 .Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. you create a new project file. On the View tab. The title block appears in the graphics window. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks.

enter your instructor's name. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 2. enter your name. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you a created a new project file. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. enter Student Project Unit 3.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. Settings panel. Select the title block. 4. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. s For Drawn By. 3. Click OK. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK. click Project Information. 6. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . The parameters on the title block will update as shown. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. 5. Click Zoom to Fit. s For Checked By. On the Manage tab.

s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. settings. such as 3D and plan views. you define the title block. and geometry from the template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. 3. click New > Project. angles. Click OK. 1. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Create a Template In this exercise. select Project Template. and the units for your custom template. On the Insert tab. and then load them like families. including how the rendered image looks. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. in addition to predefined wall types. On the application menu. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. 2. In the New Project dialog box. In this exercise. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. There are various settings you can define for your template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. a dimension style.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. and slope angle. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. you create a new project file. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components.

There will be no visible change. Click OK. Click the Length field in the Format column. 10. For Name.rfa. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Set the units for the template. 6. Click OK twice. You create a custom dimension style. click Duplicate. On the Manage tab.4.Standards and Building Codes . Open the title block A . 8. enter 3/16" Verdana. 9. create a Dimension Style. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Type Properties dialog box.Landscape. 5. On the Annotate tab. 7. click Settings panel > Project Units. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Next.

Rightclick. Settings s 129 . 12. Click New Sheet. select Sheets (All). enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Select the A . 15. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 14. In the Project Browser.11.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Click OK.

You can use this template for future projects.16. In this exercise. Click OK. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. 17. Save the file name as A-English template. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . as well as dimension style and units. and units that you defined.rte. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. The title block updates. Save your project template in your class project folder. title block.Standards and Building Codes .

s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. abstract format. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions.

S. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. a. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". English c. False 3. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. An architect b. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Change dimension colors. 1:12 c. UBC c. 1:3 b. A. s Create a title block.02 d. Using AIA Standards.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson.02 b. P. is defined as what? a.05 c. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. A unit 4. NCSESA 2. s Create dimensions. NCTM d. s Create a template. 1:32 5. s Create a text style. s Change lineweight. s Create text. s Create a dimension style. Metric d. AIA b. s Create labels. 1:24 d. a. A. dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . General Questions 1. a. and symbols used in drawing? a. A particular physical quantity. True b. you learned to: s Set units in a file.

a. Wall faces b. dimensions snap to: a. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To create a new sheet. In Revit Architecture. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you click: a. True b. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. a. To change the scale of a view. By default. Application menu > Properties b. To set the units in a project. you use: a. False 4. False 6. Wall midpoints d. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Point offsets 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall centerlines c. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. True b. True b. a.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. you will be able to: s Create a wall.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Define a wall structure. 3. s Align walls. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls. 4.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit.

and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. separate. their construction and materials. After completing this lesson. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose.Walls . They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. and protect its interior spaces. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or filling in between. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. List the different types of occupancy. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. them.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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indicating wall length. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.3. an angular dimension displays. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Enter 10. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. the dimension updates incrementally. To modify a dimension. a dashed line displays. As you continue to move the cursor.Brick on Mtl. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Stud. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Clear the Chain option. 5. After you create the wall. Expand the Type Selector list. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. 4. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. but it disappears when you begin another action. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . It will not print. Click to set the endpoint. Select the Single Line option. click it to open an edit field. Walls s 151 . the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall.

8. enter 7. After setting the vertical wall's direction. click Create Similar. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. 7. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. click the Detail Level icon. click Modify to stop placing walls. The wall does not show any internal detail. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Select panel.Walls . Click to start the next wall. Click the wall. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Depending on your zoom in the view.6. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Create panel. On the View Control Bar. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the controls may sit on top of one another. Press ENTER. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top.

Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Notice that two dimensions display. no matter where you move the cursor. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Also. Walls s 153 . 10. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. release the mouse button to set a new length. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Click Modify. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Select the right vertical wall. an alignment line displays.9. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical.

On the Home tab. Build panel. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Repeat. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This is the same as clicking Modify. Sketch the walls as shown. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. When using the Chain option. Select the lower vertical wall. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 16.11. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Right-click. 15. 14. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. click Wall.Walls . 13. 12. Select Chain on the Options Bar. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Click Cancel. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall.

Click Create Similar again. 17. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. In this exercise. Clear the Chain option.rvt. After clicking the second end. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Walls s 155 . 19. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.18. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Modify. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click Zoom to Fit. 20. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift.

rvt from the previous exercise. 4. and extend walls. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Only part of the wall highlights. align. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. you first split the walls at the intersections. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To do this.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 3. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Both split walls are shown below. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.Walls . Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. 2. Click Modify. This exercise illustrates how to split. trim. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. The cursor changes to a razor blade. fillet. Do the same for the vertical wall. You now remove the upper right corner. Split Walls 1.

4. Walls s 157 . You can also click the flip control. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Click Fillet Arc. click Undo and repeat the steps. On the Modify | Walls tab.Fillet Walls 1. Create panel. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. 3. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. select Radius. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). On the Options Bar. 5. Select any wall. click Delete. click Create Similar. Modify panel. Enter 5'. 2. If you make a mistake. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. This is how you create rounded wall corners. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation.

Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 2. Place an interior wall as shown. The Wall tool is still active. select Basic Wall: Interior . 3. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You align the wall in the next steps. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Walls . 1.

The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Walls s 159 . The Wall Trim Tool 1. The length is not critical. Pull the cursor straight up. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can lock the alignment.4. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. such as location lines. s On the Options Bar. Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. clear Chain.

4. This will extend to the border. Select the two interior walls in turn. 5. The walls can cross. 3. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the vertical wall as shown. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The length is not critical. 6.Walls . Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. You can click Undo if you make a mistake.s Move the cursor to the left and click. Select the horizontal wall as shown. This will be the border. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 2. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action.

you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. and trim. fillet. Walls s 161 . In this exercise.rvt.

click Edit Type. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. 2. The Modify tool is active by default. On the Properties palette. Select the Exterior wall as shown. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.Walls . 3. and vary in cost. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 1. satisfy different requirements.

click Edit in the Structure value field. has a Function you can edit. Walls s 163 . To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Add two additional layers to the wall. To edit the structure of the wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. except Core Boundary. Every layer of a wall. Click Insert twice. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud.4. 7. the wall structure should be as shown. 8. s Click the arrow at the right. For Name. When you are finished. 6. Click OK. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. s Click Down twice. s Click the number of Layer 3. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. s Click Up. 5. s Select Finish 1 [4].

s Set the Material to Finishes .Walls . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 13.Exterior . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.9. 10. Modify the Function. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. select Finishes . which displays plan or section views.Stud Layer. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 11. 12.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s Set the Material to Wood . 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Material. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.

select Medium. 15. expand the Families branch. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 16. Walls s 165 . Click Apply to update the view. 17. In the Project Browser. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. From the Detail level list. On the Properties palette.14. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box.

select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. defined a new wall structure. Close the file without saving. From the Type Selector list.18. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . In this exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. 19. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.Walls . 20. You opened an existing file. Right-click 8" Exterior. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.

Select one of the Exterior .rvt. and a decorated interior surface. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Stud walls as shown. a structural mid-section. for example. You can define a wall type with these elements. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Brick on Mtl. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. 3. In this exercise. wood rails. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. 2. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The model opens in a 3D view.

You can split regions into other regions. To split a layer or region horizontally. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. in the Structure value field. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. When you split a layer. the new regions assume the same material as the original. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Click Split Region. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. either horizontally or vertically. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. If not already expanded.Walls . 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To split a layer or region vertically. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. so all instances of this type change. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. You can set the sample height to any value. As indicated in the dialog box title. Wall structures are Type Properties. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border.4. 7. 5. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. into regions. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You change the type. or you will lose your changes. highlight one of the borders. click Edit. 2. You can assign different materials to regions. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. To define the structure of the wall. 6. 8. In this exercise.

Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click to merge them.Brick layer. 2.3. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Click Merge Regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. The upper split disappears. Walls s 169 . 4. Prehighlight a border between regions. 3. Click to split the region into two parts. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. assign Layer 1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. since both regions are composed of the same layer. When you merge regions. 1. Click to merge the two layers. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. In this case. After merge. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections.

Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. After a region is split. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. instead of down. Press ENTER. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. to the next parallel line. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. If you set the split offset down from the top. 2. 1. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. s Select the split line. 3. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 3. 4. Click the temporary dimension text. 2. The dimension text turns blue. Change the value to 12. Next. click Modify. Click again to return to the original position. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Click Insert. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. indicating that it is modifiable. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 1.Walls .Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". To create a new wall layer. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. In the Edit dialog box. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box.

Click OK. Merge Region. Modify. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click OK. All walls of this type have been changed.Brick Soldier Course. 7. it highlights in blue in the preview window.Brick Soldier Course layer. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. When a layer is selected in the table. Change the Material to Masonry . In this exercise. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Close the file without saving. because it is now the selected layer. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . 5. as shown. It also shows a thickness value. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. 8. 9.4. 6. Split Region. Walls s 171 . The preview changes appearance. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. It immediately highlights in blue. 10. and Insert Layer tools. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click Assign Layers. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone.

STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. earth. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed.Walls . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. ducting. piping. and protected.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the view. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.Doors and Windows . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. and the amount of space you have inside your building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. but also the natural lighting. the ventilation.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values.

An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. the width can be no less than 20". ft. The height can be no less than 24".Doors and Windows . and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. An unobstructed opening of 5. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . if there is no other escape route.7 sq. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.

and how to position. and furniture are defined in family files. technology. Some families are loaded into each empty file. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Components such as doors. and Language Arts. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. how to load additional door and window families. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Engineering. engineering. This lesson relates to science. In this unit. s Center a door in a wall. you learn how to place doors and windows. move. and copy these elements. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. windows. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . s Copy windows.

Doors and Windows . There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Build panel.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. To reverse the swing. On the Home tab. 2. the door swing would be to the left side. This can be done in a plan view.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Once a door is placed. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. When placing doors in a plan view. In other words. To flip the door. elevation view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. click Door. 3. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. or 3D view. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Add Doors 1.

Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. on the Modify | Place Door tab. With the Door command active. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.rfa. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. The display does not change. 3. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Mode panel. and windows into project files. Click Open. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". except for the Type Selector. In order to keep file size small. click Load Family. Doors and Windows s 189 . From the Type Selector list. 2. Select the door Double-Panel 2.Load Families 1. walls.

use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall.4. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . If necessary. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5.

If you place a door in the wrong location. simply click it and enter the correct value. To Doors and Windows s 191 . You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.6. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. change a temporary dimension. or by using the swing control arrows. Do not add the dimensions. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Remember. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Place instances of single doors as shown.

rvt.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.

Windows have exterior and interior sides. To face the outside of the window to the other side. approach the wall from the right side. From the Type Selector.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Add Windows 1. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. the outside of the window is to the left side.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. click Window. or 3D view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. When placing windows in a plan view. On the Home tab. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. elevation view. click Modify and select the window. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. You can place windows in a plan view. Open Unit5_doors. Build panel.

In this exercise. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . You do not need to add dimensions. Window tags do not number in sequence. loaded a door family.3. placed doors. Place seven more windows as shown. and placed windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. 5. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 4.Doors and Windows . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes.rvt. you opened an existing project.

even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. window. and so on. wall. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.rvt. s Align and modify walls. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. 3. On the Annotate tab. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Dimension panel. click Aligned. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 2. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. and modify the wall. place a door. 4. 1. you open an existing project file. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door.

Doors and Windows . It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. 5. Notice the symbol. The door changes location. Align Walls 1. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. This means that if one wall shifts. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 2. Click the right wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the center of the door. Click it and it changes as shown. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. The walls are now aligned.s s s s Click the left wall. Select the upper wall first. 6.

Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 .4. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Right-click. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. 5. The walls shift and remain aligned.) The dimension value is now shown. Dimensions display below it. Clear the EQ Display value. Change the dimension to 16. 3. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.

6.rvt. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click.Doors and Windows . 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. you placed a continuous dimension. 7.

Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Doors and Windows s 199 . The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 1. In this exercise. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. click Create Similar. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. 4. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Create panel.rvt. 2. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. especially if there are many different types. On the Modify | Windows tab.

200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The window will change appearance. 2. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.Doors and Windows . On the Modify | Windows tab. 3. Modify panel. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Select the window you just placed. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 4. click Copy.Copy Windows 1. The window is copied.

rvt. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6.5. Right-click. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 . Click Zoom to Fit.

The stability of glass in response to wind. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.Doors and Windows . and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. cold. heat. flat glass is a recent invention.

General Questions 1. Custom 3. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 30" c. 40" d. s Align a door or window. s Position a door or window. a. 34" 4. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 32" b. If a room is used for sleeping. 28" b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Standard b. s Place a window. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. False 2. a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 32" d. s Copy a door or window. True b. 36" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. you learned to: s Place doors.

a. The center snap 7. a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Insert d.Doors and Windows . A reference plane b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 4. To center a door or window in a wall. Use door grips to reposition. you use: a. 6. Clone b. Door and window tags are placed automatically. True b. Select the door. Select the door. Load c. Click Modify > Flip Direction. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you: a. a. False 2. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click Door Properties. False 5. you use ________. Click Door Properties. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the door. c. Load from Library b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Link c. d. Right-click. b. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. b. Click Flip Direction. True b. d. Properties 3. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Offset c. True b. Select the door. Copy 8. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. a. Duplicate d. To change the location of a door or window. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. c.

2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 5.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. Review stairs and railings. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Evaluate students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify stair boundaries. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Create railings.

About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. stair and railing types. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . After completing this lesson. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.

and Language Arts. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Engineering. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology. Technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 .

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Then.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Once the actual riser height is determined.

210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.

Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . but not more than 2".

rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. s Create U-shaped stairs. and math standards. and spiral stairs. As you move the cursor. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. which includes elevators. Engineering. of certain horizontal depth or run. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. For safety reasons. s Add a railing. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Math (STEM). You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. or tread. you will be able to: s Create stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. The riser and run values update accordingly. You create stairs in a plan view. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. This lesson relates to technology. and Language Arts. ramps.Stairs and Railings . you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. s Modify stairs. engineering. L-shaped runs with a landing. U-shaped stairs. You can define straight runs. In multistory buildings.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. and stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). or vertical circulation. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

This enables you to place the stairs properly. you create stairs using a straight run. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Zoom in Region to the lobby. Stairs and Railings s 217 . 3. This file is in metric units. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise.rvt. From the courseware datasets folder. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Before you create the stairs. On the Properties palette.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.

You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Run is preselected. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. click Stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . These tools are used to define your stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. Click OK to close the dialog box. 5. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. you create a straight run. Circulation panel. In this case. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.Stairs and Railings . On the Home tab. The cursor changes to a crosshairs.4. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.

The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. You can continue to move the cursor up. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 10. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. You can also enter a distance of 4400. select Finish (green check). Revit displays the number of risers you created. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. If you have not fully created the run. 7.6. To change the run dimension. On the Mode panel. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Select this intersection point to start your run. the run footprint stops expanding. As you move the cursor up. 8. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 9. and then click to define the run of stairs.

220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To avoid overwriting the original file. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. In this exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. 12. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. click application menu > Save As > Project. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.rvt.11. you created and placed a straight run stair. 13.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. and switched to a 3D view.

Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. The stair is not centered on the landing. click Align.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Edit panel. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Level 1. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. 2. Activate view Floor Plans. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. On the Modify tab. Stairs and Railings s 221 .rvt.

which is located at the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Click the center of the wall first.Stairs and Railings . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines. Click the center of the stairs. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. from the Prefer list. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.4. On the Options Bar. 5. The Align command remains active. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Take time to make the selections correctly.

9. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Graphics. In the Project Browser. s Click OK. click Edit Type. Hover the cursor over the railing. s For Name. expand Sections (Building Section). 7. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs. railings were created with the stairs. Change Width to 1350. 8. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays.6. As you prehighlight them. enter Lobby Stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. On the Properties palette. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . and Dimensions subsections. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. s Click Duplicate.

224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .10.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Select both railings. Lobby Stair View. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Cherry s s Click Modify.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.

Mode panel. 13. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. The railings change. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Next. In the Type Selector. you change the shape of the stairs. Click it to select it. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s Zoom in on the stairs. Delete this line. s Select the stairs (not a railing). click Edit Sketch. 14. The stair changes to the run sketch.12. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Stairs and Railings s 225 . expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe.

click the left end of the top riser. s Select the arc boundary you just created. On the Draw panel. click Boundary. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 16. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.Stairs and Railings . 17. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 18. Click to place the arc. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s On the Modify panel. Click Modify. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.15. 19. To place the second arc endpoint.

select the endpoint of the right boundary. Click to exit the Mirror command. The left boundary will be mirrored. 20. Click CenterEnds-Arc. For the third point.21. This will define a rounded first step. click Riser. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Stairs and Railings s 227 . First. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Next. On the Draw panel. the arc center point.

228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. You also modified the properties of a railing. 23. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries.rvt. click Finish.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results. In this exercise.22.

place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. The completed exercise To create a railing. In this case. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Therefore. For simple railings. 3. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you sketch the plan view path. 2. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Open the Level 2 floor plan view.rvt from the previous exercise. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Select the right side railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. This is typically done in plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you need to define a path for the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Click Modify. Zoom into the landing area as shown.

6. Once the railing is selected. select Chain. The dimensions are shown as a guide. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. click Line. s s On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings .4. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. edit the temporary dimension. To set the exact distance. 5. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Then. click Edit Path. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. On the Draw panel. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. Mode panel. on the Modify | Railings tab. 7. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. You do not need to add dimensions.

9. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . In this exercise. Delete your lines and try again. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. 8. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps.

Create a Reference Plane 1. Work Plane panel. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. set the Offset value to 850. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. s On the Home tab. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. s On the Options Bar.Stairs and Railings . Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you create a reference plane. In this exercise. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. 2.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between.rvt from the previous exercise. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the stairs appear as a U-shape. In a floor plan view.

click Stairs. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Pull the cursor straight up.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Properties palette. 4. 6. Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 3. For Name. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Gray. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Stairs and Railings s 233 . Click OK twice. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. enter Exit Stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. 5. Click Edit Type.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. On the Home tab. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Circulation panel. To start sketching the run. Matte 2. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.

9. Press ENTER. Move the pointer to the right. enter 1925. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. 8.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the first run. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to finish the stair run.7. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. with none remaining to be created. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads).

11. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. If you get an error message. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Remove the additional lines. Click Finish Stairs again. Use Hide/Isolate 1.10. Select the two walls of the stair tower. it is because you have overlapping lines. On the View Control bar. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Finish Stairs. but they are hidden behind walls. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. 2. you select Continue to return the sketch. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the Stairs panel. You want to inspect your stairs. Stairs and Railings s 235 . To remove the lines.

The walls are now hidden. Finally. 6. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. In this exercise.rvt. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 2. 3. 4. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. On the Properties palette.Stairs and Railings . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The exterior walls reappear. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.3. and to create a U-shaped stair. Reset the Display 1. you learned to create a reference plane. On the View Control Bar. Select the stairs so they highlight. This is a multistory stair. Zoom in to see your stairs. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. 5.

STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators. and elevators. ramps.

Stairs and Railings . this openness makes them fire hazards.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. smoke guards. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. Include landings as required by your local building code. but they can also be highly decorative. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They cost less. and deliver riders without wait time.

40" 4. 180 degrees 3. s Modify stair boundaries. you learned to: s Create stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . and all treads should be the same run. a. 36" d. 90 degrees d. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. s Create railings. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 45 degrees c. 25 degrees b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. True b. a. General Questions 1. False 2. b. 30" b. 32" c.

Insert 2. risers b. Fasten Railing 5. Manage d. Run. riser d. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Railings.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Pick New Host b. True b. risers and treads. you use the _______ option. False 6. Arc d. Treads. Home b. Boundary lines. True b. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Line b. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. Modify c. a. riser lines c.Stairs and Railings . a. risers 3. Align Railing d. that is. a. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Attach Railing c. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. Circle 4. Rectangle c.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Review of roof types. (Student) 11. (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Place fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 8. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. (Student) 10. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. s Define a roof structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Evaluate Students. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 5. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.

gutters. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Identify the different roof types. tiles. After completing this lesson. run. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and pitch of a sloped roof. and downspouts. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . roof types.Roofs . The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. It addresses roof construction. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Calculate the rise. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.

Engineering. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. and math standards. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. About Roofs s 243 . s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. technology. engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Math (STEM).

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

resistance to wind and fire. and if visible. durability. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. and low maintenance roofing material. resulting in at least one textured face. and sunlight. These are used more often on upscale homes. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. rot. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. About Roofs s 245 . both low and steep. They come in several types. Sloped roofs. snow. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and if visible. resistance to wind and fire. texture. brands. and sun.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. as well as how effective a shelter it is. fire-resistant. the roofing pattern. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and colors. durability. maintenance. and color. texture. maintenance. are designed for shedding water and snow. the roofing pattern. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. You can use them for many different applications. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and color.

special characteristics (for example. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). zinc alloy. They are fire-resistant. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. quality. Therefore. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation.Roofs . cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. and require little maintenance.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. durable. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This same roof on a clear. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. galvanized steel. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. and so forth). galvanized steel. or corrugated structural glass. choose a type that will suit your needs. and insulating capability (R-value). The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. odor. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. fiberglass. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. reinforced plastic. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. treatment for insects. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. Unfortunately. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. When choosing the insulation for your job. consider such factors as cost. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

Roofs . the requirements for underlayment. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. eave flashing. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. About Roofs s 251 .

Roofs . Many barns use gambrel roofs. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. as opposed to being perfectly triangular.Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . A number indicates the value of the rise.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. and span. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. where as. The run value is typically equal to 12.

Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 on 12. 7 and 12. 7-12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.Roofs . Slope is usually noted as a ratio. try to specify standard roof pitch. and pitch is noted as a fraction.

or ice. Once you create a roof. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. water. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs s 255 . Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Create a hip roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. To create a roof by face. s Assign roof structure and materials. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Place gutters. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. that convey rainwater to drains. or roof overhangs. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Create a roof fascia. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. you can add gutters. and fascia. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. often supporting a gutter. To create a roof by the extrusion method. s Create various roof types. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. dormers. snow. soffits. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. or eaves.

engineering. This lesson relates to science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . technology. and Language Arts.Roofs . Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.

To create an extruded roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Open ADA_Roofs. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. 3. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click OK to continue. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. 2. In the Work Plane dialog box. you create an extruded roof. 4.. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .rvt. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. select the Name option.

5. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. 6. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.Roofs . In the Place Reference Plane context tab. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. Draw panel. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 4. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. select Section: Section 1. s Use the image below for guidance. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Before sketching the roof's profile. click Line. In the Go To View dialog box. Click Open View. On the Work Plane panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. click Ref Plane. The section view should display as shown. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 2.

Roofs s 259 . sketch from right to left along the Level line. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. Using a positive offset value. 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. s Click the EQ toggle. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using the image below for guidance. s Select the new dimension. s Click Modify.

you can label them. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. On the Mode panel. Click Modify. 7. enter Horizontal.Roofs . 6. 4. s On the Options Bar. On the Properties palette. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 2. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Line. click Chain. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Right-click. Click OK. click Finish (green check). 5. 1. for Name. 3.

Roofs s 261 .8. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Switch to a 3D view.12" type.

Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the images for guidance. carefully select the far right roof edge. On the Modify tab.Roofs . 1. click Join/Unjoin Roof. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 3. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. This is a two-step process. Edit Geometry panel. 2.

In the Project Browser. Roofs s 263 . click Attach: Top/ Base. the vertical walls extrude through the roof.4. On the Modify Wall panel. This will join the wall tops to the roof. To select both walls together. Select both walls. On the Options Bar. 3. select Attach Wall: Top. Trim Walls 1. open the view Sections: Section 1. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 2. However. Select the roof.

rvt. Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .4. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.Roofs . In this exercise. 5. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. The roof now looks correct. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.

Build panel. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. you create a gable roof using a footprint. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. From the drop-down list. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. On the Home tab. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. from existing walls.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.rvt. so you look straight down as in a plan. 1. Because you are in a 3D view. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. 3. select Garage Roof. Unit7_first_roof. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. by Footprint. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The inner loops define openings in the roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. a dialog box is displayed. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Click Yes. 4. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. In this exercise.

Next.5. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. select the vertical wall on the left. clear the Defines slope option. 7. Select the right vertical wall of the garage.Roofs . 6. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.0". click Defines Slope. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s On Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Use the image below for guidance. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 8. click Pick Walls. If you place a line on the wrong side.

Click Modify. Click beside the edit box to enter the value.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Roofs s 267 . 3. The new roof displays. 2. Select the left slope defining line. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the right side roof line. defining lines separately. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Change this value to 6"/12". Click the 9"/12" text. To complete the roof. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. 1. That value displays next to the slope arrow. It becomes an editable field. change the value to 6"/12". Other controls also display. click Finish. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Yes. By default.

Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 5. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. In this exercise.4.rvt.Roofs . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

To chain-select all of the walls. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. click to select them. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.rvt. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. On the Options Bar. you create a gable roof using a footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. Roofs s 269 . Clear Defines Slope. set the overhang to 1' 0". On Home tab. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. 4. 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Build panel.

sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 4. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Using the image for guidance. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. click Rectangle. Zoom into the chimney area. On the Draw panel. As an alternate. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 2.Create a Roof Opening 1. 3. Right-click. On the Options Bar.Roofs . 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select the uppermost. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. On the Options Bar. 5. The slope indicator displays. On the Options Bar. horizontal line. Click Modify.Add Slope Lines 1. Click Finish. select Defines Slope. 2. click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. As in the previous exercise. Select the left lower horizontal line. 4. 6. select the Defines Slope. Roofs s 271 . 3.

In this exercise. attached walls.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof.rvt. and chimney penetration. 8.Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.

3. The file should open to a 3D view.rvt.0". 2. 5. 4. Roofs s 273 . On the Options Bar. Build panel.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. set Overhang to 2' . you create a hip roof. Create the Roof 1. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Zoom into the area shown. Select the three walls shown in the image. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Select Defines Slope.

Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.0". Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. On the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View.7. s s Clear Defines Slope. Right-click the ViewCube. Click Finish to complete the roof. In addition. s On the Draw panel. Click OK. click Line. Raise the Roof 1. 2. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. you use the Line tool.Roofs . To close the roof sketch. 3. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

In this exercise.Roofs .2.rvt. and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. The file should open to a 3D view. 6. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 5. 4. click Pick Walls. Create a Shed Roof 1. click Line.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 2. Clear Defines Slope. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. 7.rvt. 3. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. On the Draw panel. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Roofs s 277 .

Roofs . Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". horizontal line at the front of the roof. 10. Select the lower.8. 12. 13. 11. On the Properties palette. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Set the Offset to 0' 0". Click Toggle Slope Defining. Click Modify. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Right-click the line. 9.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view. 18. 15. Roofs s 279 . Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 16. In this exercise. Finish the Roof. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint.14. Click OK.rvt. 17. click Yes.

Roofs . The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. On the menu bar. Open the Default 3D view. Select the Roof. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. Cutoff Level list. Activate the view North Elevation. 2. You see four levels defined in the model. On the Properties palette. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 4. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. The roof updates. 5. select Level 3.rvt.

Open Floor Plan: Level 3. In this exercise. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. 8. 12. 9. Finish the Roof. click Pick Lines. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. select Defines Slope. 7. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. on the Properties palette. 11.rvt. set the slope value to 3"/12". Zoom and spin to see your model. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Roofs s 281 .6. 10. To set the slope for the new roof. 13. Switch to a 3D View. On the Home tab.

Select the main roof over the house.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . In the Type Selector. 3. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. The file should open to a 3D view. thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1.Roofs .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.

Click Insert to add a layer. For Structure Value. 5. click Duplicate. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 3. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. It is a generic roof type. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. s Click OK. Select Layer 2 as shown. click Edit Type. Select the roof over the garage. enter Clay Tile. click Edit. Roofs s 283 . 4. For Name.Define a Roof Structure 1. 2.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".rvt. Click OK twice.Roofs . select Model. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 7. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 8.s s s In the Materials dialog box. The garage roof displays a pattern. 6. In this exercise. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Click OK. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.rvt. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rfa. click Roof > Fascia. 2. In this exercise. to support a gutter. Roofs s 285 . Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. or for decoration. 3. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. Click Open. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. 4. In the Open dialog box. On the Insert tab. On the Home tab.

For Name.5. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Matte. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 6. Click OK. Set the Material value to Metal . click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . for Profile.Roofs . In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Click Duplicate.

8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. you defined and applied a roof fascia.rvt. In this exercise. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 . Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9.

3. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.Bevel: 5" x 5". Place Gutters In this exercise. 5. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . s Click Duplicate. The file should open to a 3D view. click Edit Type. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. On the Home tab. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. you add gutters to a building. 2. select Metal Aluminum. 6. click Roof > Gutter. under Profile parameter. 1. The completed exercise 4. Click OK. select Gutter . Under Material parameter. so as not to detract from the design of the building. For Name. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.rvt. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.

9. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.7. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners. you attached gutters to a roof. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 10. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 11. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. If you click the interior face. 8. In this exercise. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Roofs s 289 .rvt. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.

s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and cold. heat. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. water. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.

m. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s Using your own house.

the run is always 12. s Place gutters. When referring to roof slope. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. True b. Shed 4. a. a. a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Gable b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. High d. Low b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. General Questions 1. False 2. Medium c.Roofs . None of the above 3. True b. s Define a roof structure. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. Gambrel d. s Place fascia. Hip c.

Join/Unjoin Roofs d. False 7. ______ or _______. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Defines Slope c. Change the direction of the slope. a. Change the direction of the roof. Add Slope b. Trim/Extend b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. lines c. Footprint. sketch. face b. a. True b. place a check mark next to: a. Walls d. 10. True b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. profile. Footprint. Cut/Lengthen c. Sketch c. Material 8. Create an opening. Turn slopes on or off. Activate Slope 9. a. False Summary/Questions s 293 . To add a slope to a roofline. Extrusion d. Footprint b. Roofs can be created using ______. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Walls. Slope c. Face 3. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. d. A compound roof contains layers. Expand/Contract 6. you use: a. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. False 5. c. DEL d. TAB b. profile 2. Footprint b. a. Create Slope d. Sketch. extrusion.Revit Architecture Questions 1. SHIFT c. b. a. a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. True b. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. pick d. extrusion. ENTER 4. a.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create material annotations. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.

and special equipment.Sections and Elevations . In a commercial structure. bathrooms. cabinetry. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and tool racks. After completing this lesson. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. In a residential building. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are used to examine the roof. the kitchen. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. the location of special equipment. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. floor. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.

Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. engineering. Math (STEM). Technology. technology. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 .

on the long axis of the building. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. framing. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).Sections and Elevations . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. across its narrower dimension. and are properly cross-referenced. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. and foundation plans. t Cross or transverse sections.

unnecessary. partial.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. such as framing connections and foundation details.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.Sections and Elevations . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it is acceptable to decrease the scale. such as doors and windows. s The position relationship between different elements. For larger elevations. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members.

followed by any additional information about spacing. You may. Therefore. and then the name of the material. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. however. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. bushes. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. quantity. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. the titles assigned (North. East. or methods of installation. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans." Mfr. With interior elevations. shadows. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. For a wood structure. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. For example.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. For siding. and so forth. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. The size of the object is listed first. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. cars. South. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. people. Unnecessary Information Shades. this is reversed.

and lip. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. The trim is usually glued into place. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood.Sections and Elevations . finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and other appliances. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. It may have curves. wood. or decorative patterns. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. coving. and types of finish materials used. doors and direction of door swings. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. This is more costly than regular overlay. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". casements. dishwashers. or a baseboard. Molding is usually made of plaster. or linoleum) and the wall. which is a formed pressboard. or MDF. Hinges are concealed. and special equipment such as toilets. tile. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. chamfers. and materials used. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. other openings. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. This is usually done using a topset. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". windows. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. flush overlay. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. shelf arrangements. doors. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door.

Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Place a section view on a sheet. which you can then add to a sheet. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Change the section head. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . s Create and add notes to a detail section. s Add slope annotations. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates.

and Language Arts. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. A section is a horizontal view. like an elevation. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Math (STEM).Sections and Elevations . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. technology. Engineering. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Once created. This lesson relates to science. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Technology. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. engineering. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . the section symbol does not display in that plan view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. For example. provided its crop region intersects the view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. or other section view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view.

you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. the section does not display in the elevation view.Sections and Elevations . When you create a section view.

In a set of construction documents. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. So. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. Once you create the detail section. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. tracing over the existing elements. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. In the example shown. s Add breaklines as needed. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Add structural details. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. s Add detail notes. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. such as anchor bolts and siding. Details are crucial for effective construction. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

click Section.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 3. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.rvt. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Open the file ADA_Sections. Create panel. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Create a Section View 1. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The completed exercise 6. The file opens to a 3D view. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The Section command is available from the View tab. On the View tab. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 4. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 2.

Sections and Elevations . The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. 2. On the Properties palette. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. 3. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. With the section line selected. Section Properties 1. The actual location is not critical. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. and it has control grips to resize it. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. This is called the crop region.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut.

8. Clear Crop Region Visible. In this exercise. The section view updates.rvt. In the Properties palette. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 6.4. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. 7. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. When you drew the section line. you automatically created a section view. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Save the file as Unit8_section1. 5. The view is listed in your Project Browser.

Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. 2. Select Section Head-Open. 6. The view does not change. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.Filled. 5.No Arrow. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. On the Manage tab. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. click Duplicate.1 point Filled. Section Head . and Section Head . click Load Family.rvt. 7. On the Insert tab. In this exercise. They include Section Head . Load from Library panel. enter Open Arrow.rfa. 3. Click Open to load the family. Click OK. Settings panel. In the Type Properties dialog box. Several section head families are available. 4. For Name.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.

click Edit Type. 11. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. enter Open Arrow. On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate. 12. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Sections and Elevations s 315 . select Open Arrow. In the Section Tag field. 9. In this exercise. 14. select Section Head .8. For Name. 10. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 13. The section head updates to the new head type. Select the section line.Open. Click OK. Click OK. For Section Head.rvt.

The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. click Callout. 5. This is a building section. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 3. 2. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. select the border of the callout. Create panel. Use the image below for guidance. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 4.rvt. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. To reposition the callout head. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. On the View tab. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Sections and Elevations . On the Options Bar. 6. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building.

1. as shown. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Line is selected automatically.rvt. click Region > Filled Region. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. 8. 3. Sections and Elevations s 317 . detail components. On the Draw panel. but not strongly. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 4. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. select Chain. 2. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. You can add detail lines. On the Options Bar. On the Annotate tab. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly.7. Detail panel. region patterns. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Properties palette. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view.

Click OK. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. For Name. On the Properties palette. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.Sections and Elevations . 7. enter Earth. Select the upper and right side lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. 6. Click Modify. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.5.

3. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 2. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. From the Fill Pattern list. If you zoom in closer.rfa. 1. On the Annotate tab. On the Place Detail Component tab. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Click OK. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. click Component > Detail Component. 9. the pattern becomes visible. Detail panel. click Load Family. Click Open. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. select Finish (green check). Sections and Elevations s 319 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Detail panel.Section. On the Mode panel.8.

select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations .4. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. In the Specify Types dialog box. From the Type Selector. 5. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Click OK. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

6. Sections and Elevations s 321 . From the Type Selector list. Using the image below for guidance. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Move it after placement if necessary. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. select Plywood. 7. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. 8. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Add another Detail Component.

The exact vertical placement is not critical. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Click Component > Detail Component. 12. 11. This component represents the subflooring. Click Modify. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. set the Thickness to 3/4". Place the component similarly to the image below.9. Use the image below for guidance.Sections and Elevations . select anchor bolt. From the Type Selector. On the Properties palette. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Select the vertical plywood. 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.

Add another Detail Component. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Copy. 14. On the Modify panel of the context tab. On the Options Bar. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Sections and Elevations s 323 .13. Use the image below for guidance. select Lap Siding. select Multiple. From the Type Selector. Click Modify.

Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 16. click Detail Line.Sections and Elevations . Start at the end of the siding. Detail panel. Save the file. From the Line Style Selector.15. On the Annotate tab. 2. Add Detail Lines 1. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Wide Lines.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.3. 5. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 4. Zoom out. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown.

Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 7. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Click Modify. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Next. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. Click Edit in the Structure field. 10. identified as Wall material 1. select the Material field in row 3. 8.Sections and Elevations . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. click Insulation. Save the file. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. 9. The wall display updates. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes.6. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Right-click. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 2. Select the wall so it highlights. Add Insulation 1.

1. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. On the Annotate tab. 3. Sections and Elevations s 327 . select Break Line. Your view should resemble the image shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. click Component > Detail Component. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. Detail panel.2. From the Type Selector.

Place the breakline as shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. 7. The view should resemble the image shown. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. detail lines. You place another breakline. Save the file. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. In this exercise. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. and detail components to it. Click Zoom to Fit.4. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 6. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . To complete the detail. 5.

The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . weatherproofing. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.rvt. 2. 3.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 1. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. s Clear Annotation Crop. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. and ventilation methods in construction documents. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. quantity. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The border around the view will disappear. or methods of installation. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. To add notes. With nothing selected in the view.

7. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 8. 10. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. As you pull your cursor to the right. From the Type list. insulation. click Two Segments. 5. R13. Finally. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 9.Sections and Elevations . Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow.4" WEATHERING. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING.4. Text panel. 12. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 6. click Text. Move the pointer up 11. On the Format panel. leader arrow as shown. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. On the Annotate tab.

Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Sections and Elevations s 331 . is an acronym for On Center. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 18. Enter 5/8" GWB .TYPE X. 14. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Click off the text to finish the entry. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the interior wall.C. 20. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.C. 15. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O.13.C. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.C. 17. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the floorboard. 19. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. CONT is short for Continuous.. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. . as the second line of text. Start the next text at the baseboard. 16. O. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board..

. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 23.Sections and Elevations . 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click ENTER to start a second line. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 22. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 21.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .

click Load. Click New Sheet.rvt. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Right-click. 5. and locate the detail view on it. Locate the A-Landscape. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. The new sheet becomes the current view.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 2. In this exercise. 4. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. 6. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. In the Project Browser. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Click Open. Sections and Elevations s 333 . or elevation view.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Highlight your title block. 3. highlight Sheets. section. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.

7. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Select a Level Line. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. close to the crop border. 8. Drag it to the right. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. Click the control at its left end. In the Project Browser. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 9. click Hide Crop Region.Sections and Elevations . select view Detail at Foundation.

highlight the new sheet. Right-click. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.10. In the Project Browser. For Number. For Name. 13. 11. In this exercise. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. 12. Sections and Elevations s 335 . you: s Created a new sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Click Rename. Click Zoom to Fit. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter S. Click OK.301.rvt.

s Add slope indication for roof.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. four elevation views are included: north. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Add material notes. Select Elevations. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The elevation markers are now visible. south. s Set the display for building components as needed. Click the Annotations tab. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . s Add any necessary dimensions. It is defined by the green dotted line. 2. 6. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Click OK. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Right-click. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. and west. 4. 5. Open ADA_Elevations. 3. 2. When you create a project with a template.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. east. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Turn On Elevation Markers 1.

2. Next. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 5. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Click OK to exit the dialog box. clear Sections. Sections and Elevations s 337 . clear Planting. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Modelling tab. On the Annotations tab. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 3. 4.

338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you activated an elevation view. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Select the wall. Select Sand.Exterior Stucco.7. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.Sections and Elevations . Click the button that displays to select a material. It will be identified as Condo . and modified the wall display characteristics. 9. select Edit in the Structure field. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In this exercise. 10. In Surface Pattern. On the Properties palette. 11. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 13.rvt. modified its display. click Edit Type. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 8. In the Type Properties dialog box. click to open the list. 12. Click Zoom to Fit.

Set the Leader type to One Segment. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 4. Add a note for the stone wall. 2. or methods of installation.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 339 . If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Add a note for the foundation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. The size of the object is listed first. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. 5. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 3.

340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the roof. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.rvt.Sections and Elevations .6. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 7. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 8. In this exercise.

On the Options Bar. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 2.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. On the Annotate tab. Click to select the roof line. 1. click Spot Slope. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Click again to locate the slope indicator. 4. Dimension panel. 6. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.rvt. 3. 5. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. enter 1/8". select Triangle. For Offset from Reference. from the Slope Representation list.

7. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. On the Annotate tab. 10. Dimension panel. click Aligned. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 11. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click Modify. Click to select the roof line. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 9.Sections and Elevations . Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.

slope indicators. leaders. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. and dimensions for clarity. The west elevation now contains material notes. To create a continuous dimension as shown.12. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Arrange notes.rvt. 14. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. and vertical dimensions. 13. select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 343 .

Click Open View. This view was already defined in the drawing. In this exercise. kitchens. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.rvt. special closets. 3. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. dimensions. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Highlight the view. Right-click.Sections and Elevations . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. 2. In the Project Browser. and cabinetry. Click Find Referring Views. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . equipment rooms.

Select Suppress 0 Feet. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Dimension panel. s s s s Click Duplicate. 6. Right-click. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. In the Name box. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. click Aligned. On the Annotate tab. click OK. 5.4. 7. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Clear Use Project Settings. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation.

In this exercise. 10. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.Sections and Elevations .9. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . detail the interior section. You modified a dimension style. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Using the Text and Dimension tools.rvt.

The orientation of the exterior elevation. The direction the structure is facing. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. such as north. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . b. Not in Contract c. Nobody in Charge d. 4. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Create filled regions. Either one. d. False 3. All of the above. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. All of the above 5.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. it depends. c. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. c. Cabinetry d. b. 2. s Create a section view. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. True b. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Indicate the location of doors and windows. The direction the viewer is facing. Not in Concrete b. General Questions 1. Bathrooms and kitchens b. Walls c. s Create slope annotations. s Create material annotations. Show the relationships between elements. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. is always the true orientation. a.

c. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. On the View tab. The Visual Style of the view. East b. Sun and Shadow b. West c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. you use: a. click Sheet Composition > View. False 5. 4. Right-click. The height of the view. a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Which elevation is it? a. a. b.Sections and Elevations . The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Element properties c. False 2. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. The detail level of the view. North 3. The dotted line indicates: a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. but not a 6. b. True b. The boundaries of the view. d. c. d. b and c. True b. Click Add View. South d.

Review Schedules. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Load a schedule tag. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. s Reformat a schedule. s Export a schedule. 6. 5. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. Lesson Plan 1.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 4.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson.Schedules .

technology. engineering. Some of these building objects include. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Schedules s 351 . such as reference number. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and Language Arts.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). height. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. width. Engineering. about the building objects in your architectural plan. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. This lesson relates to science. Technology. and thickness.

There are different types of schedule tables. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components.Schedules . the same primary information is included. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. However. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. Instance. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). depending on the style of the architectural firm. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. hexagon. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . Using the software. The following image shows door. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. However. Like schedules. window. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. A circle. E for electrical. Other letters are P for plumbing. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). and A for appliances. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary.

windows. s Add room tags. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules s 355 . Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a schedule. technology. materials. Technology. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Engineering. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Create a room schedule.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. hardware. Math (STEM). Schedules list items such as doors. rooms. and math standards. Project templates include preset schedules. This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. equipment. and Language Arts. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed.

Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.rvt. 2.Schedules . you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.

select Comments. Schedules s 357 . In Available Fields. Height. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. 3. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Select Windows from the list. Level. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box.s Window Tag 5. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. 6. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 7. Add Count. On the View tab. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 4. and Width. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Click Add. Type Mark.

from left to right. Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules . Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Select the fields.8. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

but without any useful calculations yet. 2. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Select Blank Line. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. select Type Mark. 1.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Schedules s 359 . From the Sort By list. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 3. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.

select Level. 2. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 3. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. clear Itemize Every Instance. In the Project Browser. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 1. On the Properties palette. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Schedules . click Edit.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. Rather than make a manual calculation. you can have the schedule report this. in the Then By sorting field. 4. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Notice how the schedule has changed. in this case). for Sorting/ Grouping. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. click the schedule name.

click Edit 7. and Totals. 6. The totals for each window type now display. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping. In this exercise. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. From the list. select Footer. Schedules s 361 .5. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. select Title.rvt. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. s Set the schedule to display category totals. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Count.

If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Room & Area panel. On the Home tab. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.rvt. Open ADA_Room_Tags. 3. In this exercise. floor type. Room size. click Room > Room. Click Open. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. ceiling type. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. based on the amount of space in each room.Schedules . Locate the file named Room Tag. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. occupancy. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 2. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 4. 5.

In the Type Selector. and in the hall as shown. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. click Room > Room Separation Line. Schedules s 363 . 6. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. a total of 7. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. On the Home tab. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 7. 8. Room & Area panel. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.

s Click the Room text. The area value for Room 7 updates. click Room. On the Room & Area panel. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Modify. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 13. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights.9. 12. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 10. The cursor changes to sketch mode. An edit box activates. 11. The room tag updates. Select Room #2.Schedules . Place a room tag below the room separation line.

In this exercise. s Changed room tag field values. Schedules s 365 . you: s Loaded a room tag.14. for Name. On the Properties palette. 15. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Tagged various objects. s Added a room separation. enter Sales. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.rvt.

Create panel. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The completed exercise 5. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 6. On the View tab. 4.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.rvt. Click OK. enter Square Footage Report. Set the Sort By value to Number. Name. 3. Click Add--> after each selection. and Area to be included in your schedule. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. In the Available Fields pane. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Schedules . Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. For Name. Create a Room Schedule 1. select Number. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 2. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab.

Select Grand Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. s Set Alignment to Right. Change the Heading to No. Click the Formatting tab. In the Format dialog box. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Number field. 8. 9. Click OK. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Select Calculate Totals.7. Select Title and Totals from the list. Schedules s 367 . 10. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Area field. clear Use Project Settings.

rvt.11. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise. you: s Created a room schedule. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.Schedules . 12. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

6. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Schedules s 369 .rvt. Note the formatting that has been applied. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. You can then use this file in other applications. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. On the application menu. Browse to a directory to save your report. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. locate the file you created. Click OK. you export the room schedule to a text file. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 4. The file is created. Using your Windows Explorer. 2. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule.txt) file.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Double-click it to open it. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 5. Click Save. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 3.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.7. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.Schedules . In this exercise. Close the text file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 8.

s Reformat a schedule. False 4. None of the above. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. you learned to: s Create a schedule. What is a schedule table? a. c. 2. Instance 3. A list of sheets used in a project. s Load a schedule tag. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Matrix d. Quantity c. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Place a schedule tag. True b. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. True b. a. False Summary/Questions s 371 . a. Type b. s Export a schedule. b. d.

Annotate tab b. XLS c. Modify 2. TXT b. Manage tab 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. use the ____ . a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . View c. To export a schedule. Application menu d. View tab c. Annotate b. a. Home d.Schedules . CSV d.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 2. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 5. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .

s Assign materials. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. and Language Arts. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. you create a walkthrough. s Export a DWG file. s Export an FBX file. Finally. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Orient walls and windows.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Add planting components. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. or camera on a path. s Play a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). s Place a camera. Engineering. The animation file can be played in any media player. Technology.Visualization . To review the list of standards for each lesson. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough. After completing this lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Apply shading to a view.

To prepare your model for rendering. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises.rvt. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. Assign materials. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on animations. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. s s 2. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. courseware datasets. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. s Make a camera view the active view. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. Open Unit2_custom_family.

If you do not see any change in the wall display.Visualization . The walls now display layers of materials. Right-click. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 5. The wall display updates. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls. Select any exterior wall. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.3. 4. Stud. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. 6.

Click Change wall's orientation. 10. you can: s s s 9. In addition to using the control arrows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Select the toposurface object. Select walls. Visualization s 377 . Repeat the process for the windows. 8. Right-click.7. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. On the Properties palette. Select Site: Grass. Open the Default 3D view. Click OK. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.

12. Click OK in any notices and warnings.11. click Export > FBX. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. for Files of type.FBX). On the application menu. Depending on your system resources. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. Export the Model to FBX 1.rvt. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . The file opens in 3ds Max Design. and click Open. you have completed this exercise. Save the file as Unit10_Export. 3. Select the Roof. Open 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. select Autodesk (*. This will filter the file list. click Import > Import. Note the file location. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 2.

Note the file location. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Export the Model to DWG 1. There is no way to update it from Revit. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 3. open Unit10_Export. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Depending on your system resources.rvt. If necessary.4. Visualization s 379 . click Next. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Close the file without saving. Open or return to Revit. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. you have completed this exercise. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. click File. 8. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. Close the File Link Manager. Open or return to Revit. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 7. In the File Link Manager . 9. 6.max. On the application menu.rvt. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager.4. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Click Open. click References > File Link Manager. click Attach This File. If necessary. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. open Unit10_Export. 5.Visualization . Select two windows as shown. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 13. 11. Save the export file using the same name as before. 12.10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. In the dialog box. Visualization s 381 . On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Open the 3D view. The windows have updated. Save the file.

s Close the File Link Manager.14. In this exercise. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 15. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Oriented walls and windows. s Click Reload. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.Visualization . The linked file updates. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Open the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. The windows have changed. Open the Files tab. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Changed a material definition.

add plantings to the model. click Camera. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. as shown. In this exercise. Open the Site view. and create a second rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. generate a rendering. Open Unit10_Export. 2. 3. you place a camera in a model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model.rvt. On the View tab. If you place the camera too close to the model. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Visualization s 383 . Place a Camera 1. change materials. Create panel. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.

To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. click Show Rendering Dialog. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. 7. Render Setup 1. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. select Very Few Clouds. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 6. 5. Right-click. The camera will be visible. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Open the Site view again.4. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Return to the perspective view. On the View Control Bar.Visualization . The camera perspective view opens. If necessary. Click Show Camera.

Visualization s 385 . s Click Render to create a new rendered image. On the Massing & Site tab. click Site Component. Accept the default settings for Quality. Open the Site view. Enhance the Model 1.30' approximately as shown. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.3. Model Site panel. Open view 3D View 1. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Output Settings. Click Render. 3. 2. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. and Lighting.

Change Materials 1. On the Properties palette. In the Rendering dialog box. 5. 2. On the Properties palette. 5. 3. In the Layer 1 Material field. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.Visualization . click Edit Type. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Materials list. 6. click Edit Type. click OK. In the Rendering dialog box. click Show the Model. Revit places the image in its own view. click Save to Project. In the Save to Project dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field.4. Select the roof. The model displays in the view. Select an exterior wall. 4. select Roofing . and you can now select elements for editing.Wood Shake.

9. Visualization s 387 . 8. Select the icon next to Masonry . 7.10. Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Replace. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.

These images are now available as options to present to a client. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. Select Masonry . In the Rendering dialog box. 13. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Placed site planting components in the model. In this exercise. 15. s Created a raytrace setup. s Generated and captured a render image. 14.Brick Uniform Running Brown.Visualization . 16. s Edited materials in model components. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK.11.rvt. click Save to Project. 12. The new image is placed in its own view. click Render. Save the file as Unit10_render. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.

Each view.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. or frame. 2. s View the animation in a media player. along the path can be viewed in different modes. click to the left of the model as shown. s Right-click. Click Zoom Out (2x). The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. click 3d View > Walkthrough. and exported individually. Open Unit10_render. The camera and path can be edited. Open floor plan view Level 1. To place a key frame. 4. s Right-click again. in a project model. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model.rvt. s On the View tab. 3. Create panel. rendered. s Edit the camera and path. Click Zoom to Fit. or walkthroughs. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Visualization s 389 . The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. In this exercise.

8. Walkthrough panel. 9. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. On the Modify | Cameras tab. The Options Bar changes. 6. 7. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. click Edit Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. The camera is located on the final key frame. Drag it to the left. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Select the direction control for the camera. Walkthrough panel. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. 10. Repeat for all the key frames.Visualization . 11. click Finish Walkthrough.5. so that the camera is pointing at the model.

From the Controls list. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Visualization s 391 . If camera positions distort. Drag the path away from the model as shown. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. click Next Key Frame. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. Check the view in several key frames. 2.12. On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. 3. The path displays control dots at key frames. select Path. 13.

Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Click OK. In the Length/Format dialog box.rvt. Click Play. Click Save. The walkthrough plays in the view window. On the application menu. 2. 3. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Video Compression dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. File Name. 4. click OK.Play the Walkthrough 1. This may take a long time depending on your system resources.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1. select a video compression method to hold down file size. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. notice where you save the file. 2.

6. such as shaded or rendering. Double-click the new file name. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. It plays in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time.5. Plan your class time accordingly. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Visualization s 393 .

s Edited the path.7. save the Revit Architecture file. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the animation file in a media player. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. If you have made changes to the building model.Visualization . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.

a. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Save As > FBX c. True b. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Orient walls and windows. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. View > Shading d. True b. s Export a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. Flip Orientation d. False Summary/Questions s 395 . you use: a. s Assign materials. Demolish 2. s Play a walkthrough. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Apply shading to a view. s Export an FBX file. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you use: a. s Add planting components. s Create and edit a walkthrough. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Export a DWG file. Export > FBX 3. False 2. Print to File b. Split b. s Place a camera. Align c. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. True b.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 4. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . and braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beams. In the following exercises. you learn how to place structural columns. foundations. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 2. beam systems. 6. beams and braces. Review structural columns. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces.

beams. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.Structural . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.

walls. especially columns.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other building objects. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Knowing where structural members.

Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Create column grids. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Place beam systems and braces. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. and Language Arts. Technology. Structural s 401 . After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Place columns and beams on grids.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used.

You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. wood. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. In this exercise. spans without walls. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. or reinforced concrete. On the Build panel of the Home tab.Structural . As with columns. 3. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . or concrete. Beams connect columns or walls. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. 2. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. They come in types defined by size and shape. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. In residential construction. Open Deck Framing. 1. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. click Column > Structural Column. Structural columns can be steel. this is known as post and beam construction. often mainly glass. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.Hide Category. Select a floor. On the View Control Bar.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. beams can be steel. wood.

Click the edge of the left floor to select it. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. click Depth. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the View Control Bar. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Structural s 403 . Click the edge of the right floor to select it.4. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 8. 5. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 3A. and 4B. In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. 6. 7.

The columns are now hidden by the floors. Click OK. and columns clearly. Place Beams 1.Structural . double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Right-click. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click off the columns to clear your selection set.9. rail. Click Hide In View > Element. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. Click OK. 10. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". 11. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). In the Project Browser.

s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Chain. To place beams: Structural s 405 .3. Click. Structure panel. In the Type Selector. 5. On the Structure tab. s In the view window. click Beam. On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 4.

7. Click Modify. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click. On the Properties palette. 6. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.Structural .

Save the file as Deck Beams. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. 12. as shown. 9. Click on grid intersection B4. Click. In this exercise. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click OK. Structural s 407 .8. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. click Beam.rvt. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 11. On the Properties palette. click Make Wall Bearing. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Click Modify. Structure panel. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.

Open Deck Beams. Place Beam Systems 1. Structure panel. click Sketch Beam System. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. distance. click Pick Supports. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. or number of beams in a bay. click Beam System.rvt. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. 4.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. you: s Place beam systems. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 2. On the Structure tab. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. s Place braces. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In this exercise. 3. The completed exercise 5.Structural . click No. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. Click the beam on Grid 1.

Draw a line on the face of the wall. 7.6. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line. On the Draw panel. as shown. Structural s 409 . Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .6".2". s s s On the Draw panel. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s 9. set Elevation to -0'-9". 11. click Finish (green check). click Pick Supports. Click Finish. click Line. Click the beam on Grid 2. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Trim as necessary. s s On the Draw panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.8.Structural . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. click Create Similar. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . 10. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.

Place Braces 1. Structural s 411 . A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. It has an automatic work plane. Open Plan View Deck Framing. On the Structure tab. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. On the View tab. 4. 3. as shown. click Brace. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Structure panel. In the Project Browser. 5. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 2. On the View Control Bar. Adjust the view crop region as shown. unlike regular elevations. Click to place the elevation. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Create panel.

412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace. 7.Structural . select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. Click Modify. 9. In the view window. Repeat the brace going right to left. In the Type Selector.6. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 8.

Structural s 413 .rvt. In this exercise. 11. Save the file as Deck structure. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces.10.

but they can also be angular and radial. The exact location is not critical. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grid datasets. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Pull the cursor straight up. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. beams. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. 2. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. The exact length is not critical.Structural . lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. elevation. In plan views. Datum panel. The numbering automatically increments. s s In the view window. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and section views. as shown. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. You can change a grid number at any time. In this exercise. click Grid.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. and walls. click in the lower left to start a grid line.

4.3. Click to place a new grid line. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 . The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". The Grid tool is still active.

Pull the cursor to the right. Repeat to create grid line 4. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. s Select Grid Line 2.5. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. click to place the grid line. click Copy. close to the heads. The new grid line will be number 3. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor to the left. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". The new grid line is number 5. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. 6. 7. Click to start a grid line. Press ENTER.Structural . click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Enter A at the keyboard. Press ENTER.

Structural s 417 . 10. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.1 is still selected. The Grid tool is still active. s Click to place the grid line.8. On the grid line. This completes the main grid. 9.1. 11. click the elbow control to place an offset. s Click Copy. s Select grid 2. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Change the number to 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. This grid line will be number B. Grid 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.

Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Draw panel. select Center-Ends Arc. On the Options Bar. The Grid tool is still active. enter 15. Click to place the grid head. 4. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Zoom to Fit. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Click in the new grid bubble.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Draw panel. On the Home tab.Structural . In the Radius field.000 o . Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. click Pick. Create panel. Change the number to EE. s s Click grid intersection D3. Press ENTER. s Click to start the grid line. click Grid. 3. click Radius. On the Options Bar. set Offset to 15'-0".

You will need to identify it easily. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. 7. Select grid 3 to show its controls. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 6. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line.5. Drag it down below the radial grids. Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click to place grid FF. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3.

11. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.8. Enter 31 to change the name. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel.Pick Axis. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s 10. click Mirror . s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s In this exercise. Click in the new grid bubble. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Press ENTER. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. click Create Similar. s Click grid intersection D3. Zoom to Fit. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Select grid 31.Structural . Revit will create grid 32. Click to place the grid line.rvt. 9.000. s Select grid 3.

Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Add footings to columns. you typically create a grid. Open ADA_Grids-complete. s Change a grid layout. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In the Type Selector. Structural s 421 . 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. s 3. In this exercise. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Use a column grid to place beams. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. As a result. This is a steel column. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. click Column > Structural Column.

B. 2. 6. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Finish. A. set Height to Level 3. 4.Structural . Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 3.s s On the Options Bar. click At Grids. On the Multiple panel. 4. 5. In the Multiple panel. C and D. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.

On the Multiple panel. 2. Structural s 423 . 5. Window-select all the grid lines. and beams will move to the right. Zoom to Fit. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Finish. click On Grids. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Click Grid 1. The grid. On the Multiple panel. click Beam. 3. columns. 4. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns.

Click Redo. 3. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Quick Access toolbar. Columns and beams will move to the right.Structural . On the Multiple panel. 2. click Finish. Open the Default 3D view. click No. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. 4. In the view window. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. click At Columns. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click Undo. click Isolated. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 6. 1.

Select the footing at the base of the extended column. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". in the Type Selector. 6. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". A warning displays. Press ESC to clear the column selection. s On the Properties palette. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. The footing had been placed at Level 1. Click OK. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Structural s 425 . 7. The footing changes size. To change the size of the footing.5. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.

s Added footings to columns.8.Structural . Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In this exercise. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout.

s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .

Brace c. s Change a grid layout. True b. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Column b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Place braces. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Questions 1. s Place beam systems. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Use a column grid to place columns. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Beam d. All of the above. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Add footings to columns. 2.

b. All of the above. 3. you can: a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Select a beam type and define the system layout. a. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. 5. b. a. 2. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If you relocate a grid line. True b. Pick points. you: a. To create a beam system. False 4. True b. you use: a. d. A but not B. d. Stretch b. c. c. When placing columns or beams. Properties c. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Flip Orientation d. A and B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Select the type of beam or column to place. To change the height of a column.Structural .Revit Architecture Questions 1.

org Project Lead the Way.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Copyright s 431 .Executive Director. Inc. South Division High School. Susan Harrington . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Teacher. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.iteaconnect. Smith . Poway High School. WI Roger Dohm . Milwaukee.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Ltd.Instructor. International Technology Education Association www. Mathematics. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Director. Poway. PE .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Randy Dymond.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Starkweather . CA Ronald A Williams.

All rights reserved. Trademarks Autodesk. Inc. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. AutoCAD Civil 3D. INC. Inc. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Inventor. AutoCAD MEP. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. 2010 Autodesk. by any method. Autodesk Revit Architecture. may not be reproduced in any form. Inc. All other brand names. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Inc. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. AutoCAD. INC. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Published by: Autodesk. CA 94903. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. Autodesk Revit MEP. for any purpose. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. “AS IS.” AUTODESK.. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . Inc. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. this publication. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED.© 2010 Autodesk.. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. All rights reserved. product names. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. or parts thereof.

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