Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

1

With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

2

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

3

Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

4

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

s

5

6

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
s s s s s

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

s

7

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

8

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections.

furniture. Other building elements such as doors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. stairs. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place.Software Tools . elevation. You can add building elements in plan. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . floors. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. section. roofs. windows. and 3D views.

If one is moved.While components are being sketched. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. In the two illustrations shown. the other will move as well. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. In the illustration shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after.

If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . In essence. all the windows obey their constraints. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . engineering. Math (STEM). technology. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Constrain placement of objects. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Place a predefined Mass family. Technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements.

The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. quickly. you can create in-place masses. A designer. and then converted into building components such as floors. or masses. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Masses can be edited in many ways. walls. There are mass families available to load into a project. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. owner. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process.Software Tools . Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. such as distance requirements from roadways. roofs.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. and curtain systems. size.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.Software Tools .

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. roofs. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . or within. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. walls. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Math (STEM). legends. Annotation includes text notes. engineering. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. s Explain the use of dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . This lesson relates to science. Engineering.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and symbol heads. technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. tags. Technology. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols.

Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be linear. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . radial.

The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.y.z) coordinate system.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. technology. s Open and use ribbon tabs. engineering. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the Type Selector. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and math standards. Technology. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM).Software Tools . 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. s Work with tool buttons. s Open tabs on the ribbon. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 . for instance. and rooms. beams. doors. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. Its position is fixed. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. windows.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Some commands will not be active (that is. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.

and text. braces. detailing. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. symbols. columns. structural walls. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. and foundations. trusses. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Display and Navigation s 33 .

34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

Software Tools . 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste. materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and parameters. and inquiry.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This menu has file management tools such as New. Open. and Close. Print. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.Software Tools .

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. schedules. and groups. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.Software Tools . and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. families. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. with four elevation markers visible. sheets.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Legends. schedules. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

A check mark indicates it is visible. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. shadow display. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. sun settings. Windows panel on the ribbon. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. rendering (in 3D views).The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. level of detail. cropping. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model.Software Tools . visual style. To toggle the Project Browser on/off.

place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. but not at Coarse. Display and Navigation s 43 . Select the desired view scale from the list. To change the scale of a view.

44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.Software Tools . Hidden Line. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded with Edges. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. sun and shadow intensity. which can be according to the view. Display and Navigation s 47 . You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. or by global location.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows.The Render control is active in 3D views.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Crop region selected. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border. Once elements have been hidden.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

are available in the Properties palette for the active view. These controls.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings.Software Tools . enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Massing & Site. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. To activate or open a view. Nine tabs are available: Home. Structure. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Annotate. Insert. View. Manage and Modify. Collaborate. Display and Navigation s 55 . The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette. Options Bar. When a context tab is active. showing options that you can select while you are working. Display and Navigation s 57 . the Options Bar may display below it.Context Tabs. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. a context tab opens on the ribbon. If you select items in the view window.

58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 .

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility. 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Export. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. and Publish. Click a file name to open that file. The application menu contains file management controls. the application menu. such as File Open. Print. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. New File. On the right is a list of recently opened files.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . File Close only appears on the application menu. File Save.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. After you have examined each of them. The completed exercise 4. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. On the ribbon. 3. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. If you select the menu option. The panel titles display under the tab titles. click OK in the dialog box that opens. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. make the Home tab active.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Do this for other tabs. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. 2. To start a new project. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. or click New > Project from the application menu. Display and Navigation s 67 .

Software Tools . They disappear when you move the cursor away. 6. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Cycle Through All. Close the file without saving. and then viewed.5. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Icons for panels display below tab titles. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. In this exercise. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. you opened a project file. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.

2. Open quick_start_building_elements. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Exercise 2.rvt. doubleclick the view name. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. The file opens to a 3D view. In the Project Browser. You worked on this file in Getting Started. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Display and Navigation s 69 . Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1.

Click the door in the upper left of the model. 8. all the walls. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. . You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.Software Tools . Clear Walls and Doors.3. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. and windows highlight blue. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. doors. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 5. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Click Filter panel > Filter. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 6. Click any interior wall. 4. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. You are selecting everything visible. 7.

12. On the Modify | Doors context tab. 10. examined the menus and toolbars. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.rvt.9. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Click any door. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 11. In this exercise. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. click Create panel > Create Similar. Place a door as shown. you opened a project file. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. On the Properties palette. Display and Navigation s 71 .

building elements (walls. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. In the exercises. Engineering. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. You can create sections. either predefined or user-created. schedules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. drafting views. and views. Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit provides floor plan. and 3D views using the View menu. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and elevation views by default. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and Language Arts. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. floors). templates. Pan. System families include levels. s Load and place component families. annotations. ceiling plan. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . display controls.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Work with Revit families. Math (STEM). Technology. s Create a new in-place family. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. lines. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. operating settings. mechanical equipment).Software Tools .

engineering. and math standards. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science.

The display changes. Four elevation markers are visible. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Open Unit2_building_elements. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Click OK. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click.Exercise: View Controls A building model. First. Click Zoom to Fit. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. even a small one. is an extensive database. 3. 2. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. There is no way to see everything in it. Click the Annotation Categories tab. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Clear the check mark next to Elevations. VG also opens the dialog box.Software Tools . Rightclick in the view window.rvt. Use your keyboard to enter VV. There is also a copy in the course datasets. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. The completed exercise Visibility 1.

Click Open. On the View Control Bar. Click and drag the cursor as shown. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom In Region. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. In the Project Browser. 5. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Right-click. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. 6.4. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Right-click. so be sure to select them both. Zoom to Fit. Enter ZF. 7. There are two parts to an elevation. Select Detail Level: Medium. click Detail Level. Select the roof outline.

Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.8. doors and windows are not shown. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. as before. 2.Software Tools . On the Properties palette. Enter VH. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. View Properties 1. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Turn off visibility of the elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. change the Underlay value to None.

All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Click OK. click Edit.0". For Name. the ridge is now visible.3. Click Rename. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Next to View Range. and where the cut plane sits. Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. enter Roof. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . 4.

In the Sun Settings dialog box. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. In the Presets list. 2. 4. In the dialog box that opens.Software Tools .Graphic Display Options 1. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shadows On. 5. select Shading with Edges. select Still. under Solar Study. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Accept the location that activates. select Winter Solstice. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 3. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Set the time to 9:30 am. Open Elevation view South.

In this exercise. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update. 6.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.rvt. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .

Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family.rvt. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Additionally. Open Unit2_views. railings. and furniture. This exercise illustrates how you locate. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. windows. Build panel. windows. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There are system families. such as levels. or stand-alone (for example. lights. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. and use a Revit family to place a door. load. is predefined within Revit. and families in place. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. walls. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. In Revit. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. 2. roofs. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. commercial. s A system family. floors. you open an existing project file. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. You add closet doors to interior walls. and annotations are examples of standard families. Doors are considered standard family entities. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. standard families. furniture). These components are called families and there are several different types. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. and place Revit families. and floors. On the Home tab. furniture. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. click Door. 3. Doors.Software Tools . doors and windows are dependent on walls). s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. and so on. or institutional structures.

4.rfa.rvt. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. You click to place an instance of the door family. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). 5. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. s s 6. It has a number of different sizes defined. Click Open. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Click Open. Click the Doors folder. The Door Insertion tool stays active. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . As you move your cursor near any wall. Accept the default size. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Project files have a file extension of *. and Annotation. Locate Double Panel 2. Family files have a file extension of *. Furniture. If you highlight a door family. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window.rfa. Tag panel.

Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. you located. and placed instances of a door family. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.7. simply click it. In this exercise. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 8. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. 9. loaded. but not strongly. Place an instance of the door as shown. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. Place two more instances of the door as shown.Software Tools . You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.rvt. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.

5. you open an existing project file. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. enter 48" x 80". You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The required width is not available. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.rvt. This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name. 3. and create an in-place family. Select the double door as shown. click Duplicate. 2. Open Unit2_doors_walls. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . modify a door family.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box. 4.

For Name. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Build panel. The door updates.Software Tools .6. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. On the Home tab. Click OK. click Component > Model In-Place. 4. On the Properties palette. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 3. 1. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 2. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. select Generic Models. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. In the dialog box. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. enter Hall Clock. 5. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. is to create a component family in place. Click OK.

as shown. The family model updates. 13. In this exercise.0' 2". Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 7. you located. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.6. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model.2". and placed a door family.4" as shown. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . 10. loaded. 11. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 12. 8. On the Draw panel. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . Click OK. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. Revit will display . click Rectangle.rvt. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 9. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. You have created the base of the clock.

s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.

s What is binary math. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle.

s Change view displays. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Either a or b. and place a family from a library. Views can be renamed. load. The tool shown is used to: a. Create a 3D perspective view. False 2. s Adjust Visual Style Options.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Zoom to the entire model. Go to View > View Name in the menu. True b. c. c. s Access. s Change view properties. tab. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. a. a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. All content tools are located on the ribbon. b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. To activate a view: a. s Open different views. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. True b. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . False 5. a. Zoom in Region is used to: a. and Options Bar. and click Open. s Change type properties of a family. c. Right-click. context tabs. False 4. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser.Software Tools . Turn on Shadows. False 3. 6. s Create an in-place model family. True b. 7. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. d. True b. a. Questions 1. d. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. depending on the template selected. d. Each project has several predefined views. Spin the model in 3D space. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. b. b.

Families 11. Project Browser d. a. Pan and Zoom b. Properties palette 10. Blocks c. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Parts d. In-Place d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. System c. Scroll d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Standard b. All of the above. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Rotate c. windows.) are called: a.8. a. etc. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Multiview b. A family created within a project is called ________________. depending on settings 9.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Student) Evaluate Students. 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 3. s Create labels. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 9. s Create dimensions and text. 5.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. 7. s Create a project template. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 8. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Set project units.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 6.

Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. linetypes. Many cities and counties have their own rules. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and the settings that are preset within them.aia. based on the AIA standards. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.aias. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards and Building Codes . Explain why templates are used. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Technology. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Visit the AIAS website at www.org. Engineering. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Visit the AIA website at www. defining the layers. colors. linetypes. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. should be used. and so forth. colors.org.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. engineering.

a common area (such as a living room or family room). Drawing Units Architectural drawing. it cannot be called a bedroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. A unit is a particular physical quantity. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. For example. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. like mechanical drawing. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. it must have at least one door. If there is a fire. windows. doors. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. otherwise it is considered a carport. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a garage. and one closet.Standards and Building Codes . defined and adopted by convention. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. and so on. the number being its numerical value.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. a bathroom. and so on. A garage must be completely enclosed. If it lacks any of these components. one window. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom.

and other materials. using imperial units. Another method is to apply dual notation. is 555 ft. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. units are applied to dimensions. is 169 m. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. However. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. the construction industry still uses the English. or imperial. unit symbol m. also known as the International System of Units.. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. in the United States. such as room size and wall height. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. unit symbol ft. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. glass. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. In architectural drafting. Here h is the physical quantity.For example.. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169.

If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).) 8. one value representing another value. line weight and pattern. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Each size is designated by a letter. In Revit Architecture. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. sheets. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. every 1/8" would represent 1'.Scales are ratios. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. and viewports. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . for example 1/8" = 1'-0". This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0".

can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. site plan. temporary Schedules Sections. The integers go from 0 to 9. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup.a modified version of the AIA standard. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). You create and position views. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing.01.01. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. elevators. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. notes Demolition. symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . and then add a title block or other symbols. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type.

so that the height is less than the width. Typically. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. that is. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. and layer standards. the date drawn. The paper is oriented landscape. fonts. Usually. followed by information on the building's owner.Standards and Building Codes . Each building project must comply with a specific standard.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. drawing scales. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. For example. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and other relevant information. the electrician. The next space is for tracking revisions. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. and so on. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. annotation plot sizes. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the author of the drawing. The column is divided into sections. the HVAC company. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects.

in the City of San Francisco. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. layer settings. and so forth. title blocks. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . dimension and text styles.

Standards and Building Codes . and Language Arts. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates that are preset with drawing units. These can be used to build your model. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. windows. and walls.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. dimension styles. Engineering. Technology. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. views. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.

Settings s 101 . and math standards.This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.

Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Open Revit to an empty project file. In Revit. Select a Template 1. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. you create a new project file using a template. you use templates as starting points. apartments. click Browse. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. 3. factory. click New > Project. 2.Standards and Building Codes . or store. On the application menu. In the New Project dialog box. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. Condominiums. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit.

saving set up time.4. Click OK. On the application menu. 5. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click Open. you started a new project file using a standard template. Settings s 103 . In this exercise. click Close to close this project without saving. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Select the Residential-Default. 6. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. 3. Click to start a new wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. Build panel. In the courseware datasets folder. The Wall tool remains active. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. 2. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Pull the cursor to the right. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. the drawing setup options are preset. open ADA__Settings. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates.Standards and Building Codes . The file opens to a 3D view. In the Project Browser. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.rvt. s Place the cursor over the left wall. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. expand Floor Plans under Views.

) s Select Suppress Training 0's.) 6. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. 8.4. Settings s 105 . Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. click to start a new wall. Click Format for Length. Place the cursor over the left wall. s Set Unit symbol to m. Press ESC to cancel the wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. In this exercise. Close the file without saving. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 5. 7. Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. and move the cursor right. (The keyboard shortcut is UN.

rvt. On the Properties palette.Standards and Building Codes . Temporary dimensions display when you select. 2.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. click Aligned. Open ADA_Dimensions. enter Big Text. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Dimension panel. but also control the size and location of objects. On the Annotate tab. there are two types of dimensions. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimensions not only display. create. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Click OK. 3. 4. In the Type Properties dialog box. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. By default. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. click Edit Type. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. temporary and permanent. or insert components. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. click Duplicate. 1. For Name.

Click to place. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Settings s 107 . Drag the dimension to the left of the view. Select the top. The Dimension tool is still active. and bottom horizontal walls. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Click OK twice.5. 6. 7. left. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Text Size to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.

Note the differences between the two dimension styles. created a new dimension style. Click to place the dimension.8. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and far right vertical walls. s s s Select the far left. In this exercise. The Dimension tool stays active. Close the file without saving. you opened an existing file.Standards and Building Codes . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. 9. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.

Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. 2. Settings s 109 .Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 3. There are no annotations visible.rvt. Right-click. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. These are annotations. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. In the datasets folder. and the view window displays the new plan. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Notice the door and window tags. In the Project Browser. In order to do this.

4. 5. In the Project Browser. 6. 1. 9. In the Project Browser. Click OK to update the display of this view. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Model Categories tab. Click Rename. Click OK. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. On the Manage tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 7.Standards and Building Codes . Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Double-click to open it. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. click Project Information. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 8. Settings panel. select Floor Plan: Level 1. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. select or clear the check box of the desired object category.

Click New Sheet. 2. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. Enter the address as shown. Rightclick. In the Value column of Project Address. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. or supply your own values: Click OK. 3. 2. Settings s 111 . Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window.Add a Sheet 1. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3. click Edit. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school.

Add a View to the Sheet 1. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. Click Apply.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Notice the change to the title block. Next. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. In the Identity Data and Other sections. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. 4.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Right-click in the view. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select the new viewport. Click Activate View. 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. 2. Settings s 113 . Right-click. Select Deactivate View.

Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. 6. Place the cursor 7. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The Scale updates in the title block. Close the file without saving.Standards and Building Codes . Finish the move. s Added a sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. deselect it.5. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you: select it. of the sheet. The view updates on the sheet.

Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. 2.5 title block template opens. Click Open. A copy of the 11 x 8.5. On the application menu. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. It opens to the Recent Files window. Settings s 115 . Select A-11x8. Start Revit Architecture.rft. 4. click New > Titleblock. This is one of the longer exercises. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. 3.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

116

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

117

11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

118

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

3.

Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

2.

Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

4.

Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

5.

Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

Settings

s

119

6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

7.

Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

8.

Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

9.

Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

120

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

Settings

s

121

16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

2.

On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

3.

The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

122

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

7.

Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

s

Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
s

8.

On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

6.

You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

Settings

s

123

Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. On the application menu. On the Quick Access toolbar. Your teacher may specify another location. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Click Zoom to Fit. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. In this exercise. select Drawn By. you created a title block using a template file. Right-click. 15. 12. Add a label for Checked By. s Accept the Sample Value. Accept the Sample Value. click Save to save the title block. 13. 10. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Save the title block as A . Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . click Close. s Click Add. 14. Add a label for Sheet Number. 11.rfa. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.9.Landscape.

Highlight the title block and click OK. In the Recent Files window. Settings s 125 . Your title block is now displayed in the list. Insert a Title Block 1. you create a new project file. The title block appears in the graphics window. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. On the View tab. Click Open. and then load a custom title block into your project. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Locate your title block.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 3. 5. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 2. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 4. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. click New to create a new project using the default template.

Click Zoom to Fit. 5.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 3. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Settings panel. s For Checked By. enter your instructor's name. you a created a new project file. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. enter your name. 2. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 6.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. In this exercise. s For Drawn By. 4. On the Properties palette. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. enter Student Project Unit 3. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Click OK. Select the title block. click Project Information.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click OK. On the Manage tab.

2. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. In the New Project dialog box. including how the rendered image looks. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. settings. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. and geometry from the template. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. angles. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . Create a Template In this exercise. In this exercise. such as 3D and plan views. select Project Template. On the Insert tab. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. in addition to predefined wall types. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. you define the title block. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. and the units for your custom template. a dimension style. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Click OK. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. On the application menu. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. and then load them like families. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 3. click New > Project. you create a new project file.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. s Families: Load in families you use most often. 1. and slope angle. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. There are various settings you can define for your template.

There will be no visible change. enter 3/16" Verdana.4. 7. 6. For Name. click Duplicate.Landscape. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Annotate tab. You create a custom dimension style. Click the Length field in the Format column. On the Manage tab. 9. Next. Set the units for the template. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Click OK twice. 8.Standards and Building Codes . 5. Click OK. 10. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Open the title block A .rfa. click Settings panel > Project Units. create a Dimension Style. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Select the A . Rightclick. 14. 12. select Sheets (All). On the Properties palette. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 15. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. In the Project Browser. Settings s 129 . Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click New Sheet. Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By.11.

as well as dimension style and units.rte. You can use this template for future projects. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. The title block updates.Standards and Building Codes .16. and units that you defined. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . title block. In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template. Save your project template in your class project folder. you created a new template file using a dimension style. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Click OK. 17.

abstract format. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. are constantly being developed by the building industry. or new combinations of existing materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.

UBC c. is defined as what? a. False 3. s Create a dimension style. General Questions 1. A unit 4. S. a. s Create a text style.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Create a template. Using AIA Standards. a. A particular physical quantity. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. P. True b. NCTM d.Standards and Building Codes . s Create a title block. s Change dimension colors. s Change lineweight. 1:32 5. s Create labels. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.05 c. A. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". 1:3 b. Metric d.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a. and symbols used in drawing? a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. A. 1:12 c. s Create text. AIA b. 1:24 d. NCSESA 2. English c. dimension styles. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. you learned to: s Set units in a file.02 b. An architect b.02 d. s Create dimensions.

title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. In Revit Architecture. True b. a. False 4. To change the scale of a view. False 6. dimensions snap to: a. To create a new sheet. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. False Summary/Questions s 133 . you click: a. True b. Point offsets 3. Application menu > Properties b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. True b. Wall centerlines c. Wall faces b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Wall midpoints d. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. To set the units in a project. By default. you use: a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Define a wall structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 6. 2. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Align walls. 3. (Student) Evaluate Students.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. s Trim and extend walls. Lesson Plan 1.

separate. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. After completing this lesson. them.Walls . They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. their construction and materials. and protect its interior spaces. List the different types of occupancy. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

About Walls

s

137

Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

138

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

About Walls

s

139

Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

140

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

About Walls

s

141

142

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

About Walls

s

143

For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

144

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

About Walls

s

145

Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

146

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

About Walls

s

147

Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

148

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Walls

s

149

Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

150

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Walls s 151 . When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. the dimension updates incrementally. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. an angular dimension displays. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. As you continue to move the cursor. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. click it to open an edit field. but it disappears when you begin another action. a dashed line displays.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. To modify a dimension.3. Expand the Type Selector list. Select the Single Line option. It will not print. After you create the wall. Click to set the endpoint. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Enter 10. Stud.Brick on Mtl. 5. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . 4. Clear the Chain option. indicating wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.

Press ENTER. On the Modify | Walls tab. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. On the View Control Bar. the controls may sit on top of one another. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Click to start the next wall. 8. 7. Set the Detail Level to Medium. click Create Similar. The wall does not show any internal detail. Depending on your zoom in the view. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed.Walls . The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. enter 7. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Select panel. Create panel. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Click the wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. click the Detail Level icon.6. click Modify to stop placing walls.

Because you drew this last wall from down to up. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension.9. Notice that two dimensions display. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Click Modify. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length. 10. no matter where you move the cursor. Also. an alignment line displays. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Walls s 153 . the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint.

Walls . Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Repeat. Sketch the walls as shown. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the lower vertical wall. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. 12. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Right-click. 15. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 13.11. Click Cancel. On the Home tab. click Wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Select Chain on the Options Bar. When using the Chain option. Build panel. 16. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. This is the same as clicking Modify. 14. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper.

Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". After clicking the second end. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Walls s 155 . Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift.18. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.rvt. 19. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Clear the Chain option. Click Create Similar again. Click Modify. 17. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Zoom to Fit. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. 20. In this exercise.

4.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. you first split the walls at the intersections. 2. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. fillet. Split Walls 1. Only part of the wall highlights. Do the same for the vertical wall. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. You now remove the upper right corner. trim. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. 3. and extend walls.Walls . showing that there are now two separate wall sections. align. To do this. Both split walls are shown below.rvt from the previous exercise. Click Modify. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. This exercise illustrates how to split.

2. On the Modify | Wall tab. Select any wall. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building.Fillet Walls 1. 3. Create panel. click Delete. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. You can also click the flip control. This is how you create rounded wall corners. select Radius. 4. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Click Fillet Arc. Modify panel. 5. Enter 5'. On the Options Bar. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Walls s 157 . click Undo and repeat the steps. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). If you make a mistake. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Create Similar.

Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 3. 2.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. You align the wall in the next steps. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 1. select Basic Wall: Interior . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. Place an interior wall as shown. The Wall tool is still active.

Walls s 159 . s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Click to create a wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. clear Chain.4. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. The length is not critical. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. You can lock the alignment. Pull the cursor straight up. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. such as location lines. s On the Options Bar. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the two interior walls in turn.s Move the cursor to the left and click. This will be the border. 2.Walls . The length is not critical. The walls can cross. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. This will extend to the border. 3. 6. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the horizontal wall as shown. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 4. Select the vertical wall as shown.

fillet. and trim. align.7. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. In this exercise. Walls s 161 .rvt. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.

A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Select the Exterior wall as shown. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.Walls . 1. and vary in cost. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. satisfy different requirements. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 3. click Edit Type. The Modify tool is active by default. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.

except Core Boundary. s Click Up. Walls s 163 . 7. Add two additional layers to the wall. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Insert twice. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. click Edit in the Structure value field.4. the wall structure should be as shown. When you are finished. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. 5. For Name. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. s Click Down twice. 8. Click OK. s Click the number of Layer 3. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. enter 8" Insulated Stud. s Select Finish 1 [4]. has a Function you can edit. 6. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. To edit the structure of the wall. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Every layer of a wall.

s Set the Material to Wood .Stud Layer. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. Modify the Function. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Material to Finishes . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". select Finishes . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Exterior . which displays plan or section views.Walls . To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 10. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. 11. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].9. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Material. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 12. 13. s Click the icon that appears at the right. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.

select Medium. In the Project Browser. Click Apply to update the view. 17. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. From the Detail level list. 15. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Walls s 165 . Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box.14. expand the Families branch. On the Properties palette. 16. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected.

and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Right-click 8" Exterior. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. defined a new wall structure. 20. Close the file without saving. In this exercise. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Expand Walls > Basic Wall. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. 19. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.18. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. From the Type Selector list. You opened an existing file.

The model opens in a 3D view. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. such as a weatherproof outside surface. 2. wood rails. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Stud walls as shown. a structural mid-section. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. The file is in the courseware datasets folder.Brick on Mtl. 3.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face.rvt. In this exercise. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You can define a wall type with these elements. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. for example. Select one of the Exterior . Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. and a decorated interior surface.

highlight one of the borders. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. You change the type. You can set the sample height to any value. 1. Wall structures are Type Properties. If not already expanded. To define the structure of the wall. In this exercise. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. so all instances of this type change. 7. You can assign different materials to regions. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. or you will lose your changes. the new regions assume the same material as the original. To split a layer or region horizontally. 5. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. in the Structure value field. To split a layer or region vertically. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.4. into regions. Click Split Region. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. click Edit. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 8. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. As indicated in the dialog box title. When you split a layer. 6. You can split regions into other regions. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box.Walls . The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. either horizontally or vertically. 2.

Click to split the region into two parts. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. In this case. Click to merge the two layers. assign Layer 1.3. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. 1. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 2. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to merge them. Walls s 169 . Prehighlight a border between regions. 4. 3. When you merge regions.Brick layer. The upper split disappears. After merge. Click Merge Regions. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. since both regions are composed of the same layer.

If you set the split offset down from the top. Click the temporary dimension text. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. After a region is split. 2. s Select the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. click Modify. Change the value to 12. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 3. indicating that it is modifiable. The dimension text turns blue. 1. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. 1. Press ENTER. 2. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. To create a new wall layer. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". You create a new layer and assign it to a region. you assign the material Masonry Brick . to the next parallel line. Click again to return to the original position. instead of down. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Click Insert. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). 3. Next. In the Edit dialog box. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. 4.Walls . Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line.

Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. 5. 7. Merge Region. It immediately highlights in blue. because it is now the selected layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click OK. and Insert Layer tools. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course. Walls s 171 . you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. 8. The preview changes appearance.Brick Soldier Course layer. 9. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 6. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. All walls of this type have been changed. Click OK. Split Region. as shown. Modify. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. Change the Material to Masonry . 10. It also shows a thickness value.4. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Close the file without saving. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. it highlights in blue in the preview window. When a layer is selected in the table. In this exercise.

earth. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and protected.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . ducting. installed. piping. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. and insulation.Walls . They also must resist sideways forces from wind. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
s s

How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

s

173

Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

174

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

s

175

About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

176

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

s

177

Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

178

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

s

179

Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

180

s

Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. and the amount of space you have inside your building. the ventilation. but also the natural lighting.Doors and Windows . Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the view. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).

must be provided by the window being used as an egress. The height can be no less than 24". if there is no other escape route. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. An unobstructed opening of 5.Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20". 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . ft.7 sq.

Math (STEM). how to load additional door and window families. and copy these elements. and how to position. engineering. s Copy windows. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Components such as doors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. move. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. In this unit. windows. and furniture are defined in family files. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. technology. Some families are loaded into each empty file. and Language Arts. and math standards. Technology. This lesson relates to science. s Center a door in a wall. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Doors and Windows s 187 .Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you learn how to place doors and windows.

move the cursor to the right side of the wall.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. elevation view. To flip the door. To reverse the swing. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall.Doors and Windows . Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. On the Home tab. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. or 3D view. In other words. This can be done in a plan view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Build panel. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 2. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. Add Doors 1. Once a door is placed. click Door. 3. the door swing would be to the left side. When placing doors in a plan view.

Select the door Double-Panel 2. The display does not change. Mode panel. click Load Family. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. From the Type Selector list. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. 2. except for the Type Selector. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Click Open. In order to keep file size small. With the Door command active. 3. and windows into project files. on the Modify | Place Door tab.rfa. Doors and Windows s 189 .Load Families 1. walls. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.

Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.Doors and Windows . 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector.4. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. If necessary.

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. To Doors and Windows s 191 . change a temporary dimension. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. If you place a door in the wrong location. Do not add the dimensions.6. simply click it and enter the correct value. or by using the swing control arrows. Remember. Place instances of single doors as shown.

7.rvt. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows .

Open Unit5_doors. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. From the Type Selector. When placing windows in a plan view. 2. To face the outside of the window to the other side. You can place windows in a plan view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. approach the wall from the right side. the outside of the window is to the left side. click Modify and select the window. click Window. or 3D view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Add Windows 1. elevation view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 .Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. On the Home tab. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Build panel. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. To reverse the window after performing another operation.

Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Window tags do not number in sequence. Place seven more windows as shown. loaded a door family. You do not need to add dimensions. you opened an existing project. and placed windows. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 5. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.3. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. In this exercise. 4. placed doors.rvt.Doors and Windows .

s Align and modify walls. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. you open an existing project file. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. 1. and modify the wall. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 4. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. and so on. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. click Aligned. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 3. wall. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. place a door. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 2. Dimension panel.rvt. window. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown.

Select the upper wall first.s s s s Click the left wall.Doors and Windows . Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Notice the symbol. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. 6. The door changes location. The walls are now aligned. Click the right wall. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. the other wall will remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the center of the door. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click the lock icon to enable it. 2. 5. Align Walls 1. Click it and it changes as shown. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . This means that if one wall shifts.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 3. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5. Change the dimension to 16. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.4. Clear the EQ Display value. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Dimensions display below it.) The dimension value is now shown. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . The walls shift and remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Right-click.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 7.Doors and Windows .6.rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. you placed a continuous dimension. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit.

The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Doors and Windows s 199 . click Create Similar. especially if there are many different types. Create panel. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 2. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 4. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. On the Modify | Windows tab. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.rvt. In this exercise. 1. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.

On the Modify | Windows tab.Doors and Windows . 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. click Copy. The window is copied.Copy Windows 1. 3. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 2. Modify panel. Select the window you just placed. The window will change appearance. 4.

rvt.5. Click Zoom to Fit. Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. 6. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

cold. flat glass is a recent invention. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The stability of glass in response to wind.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible.Doors and Windows . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. heat. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.

you learned to: s Place doors. 32" d. 34" 4. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 36" c. False 2. Custom 3. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. Standard b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. True b. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 40" d. a. s Copy a door or window. 30" c. 32" b. General Questions 1. s Position a door or window. If a room is used for sleeping. 28" b. a. s Align a door or window. s Place a window.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.

Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Door and window tags are placed automatically. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the appropriate blue arrows. d. Properties 3. b. Select the door. False 2. d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. The center snap 7. you use ________. Duplicate d. Link c. c. c. a. a. Right-click. To center a door or window in a wall. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. you use: a. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Use door grips to reposition. Click Door Properties. Click Flip Direction. To change the location of a door or window. Select the door. Insert d. False 5. True b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. True b. you: a. A reference plane b. Clone b. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. 6.Doors and Windows . Select the door. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Load c. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. True b. Click Door Properties. a. Copy 8. Load from Library b. a. 4. a. Select the door. b. Offset c. Click the appropriate blue arrows.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Student) Evaluate students. Review stairs and railings. 3. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 2.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Lesson Plan 1. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .

Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. List the different stair types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. stair and railing types.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . After completing this lesson. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and Language Arts. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. engineering. Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. This lesson relates to technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Once the actual riser height is determined. Then. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

Stairs and Railings . such as ice and snow. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.

A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Due to building code. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.

particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Doors should swing the direction of egress. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. 11" maximum.

Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

and spiral stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create U-shaped stairs. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. Engineering. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Technology. and math standards. You can define straight runs. which includes elevators. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. As you move the cursor. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. For safety reasons. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. In multistory buildings.Stairs and Railings . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . of certain horizontal depth or run. or tread. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. ramps. s Modify stairs. Math (STEM). The riser and run values update accordingly. and stairs. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. or vertical circulation. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. you will be able to: s Create stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology. U-shaped stairs. You create stairs in a plan view. s Add a railing.

rvt. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. This file is in metric units. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Before you create the stairs. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. 3. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. This enables you to place the stairs properly. you create stairs using a straight run. Stairs and Railings s 217 .Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. On the Properties palette. From the courseware datasets folder. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2.

218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.Stairs and Railings . which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. Circulation panel. Click OK to close the dialog box. On the Home tab. click Stairs. Run is preselected. 5. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. In this case. you create a straight run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. These tools are used to define your stairs. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.4. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).

If you have not fully created the run.6. 9. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. To change the run dimension. As you move the cursor up. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Stairs and Railings s 219 . and then click to define the run of stairs. select Finish (green check). On the Mode panel. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. the run footprint stops expanding. 7. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. You can continue to move the cursor up. 10. 8. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Select this intersection point to start your run. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors.

Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. and switched to a 3D view. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.11. you created and placed a straight run stair. 12. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . 13. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. click application menu > Save As > Project. To avoid overwriting the original file.

Stairs and Railings s 221 . The stair is not centered on the landing. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.rvt. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Level 1. click Align. 2. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. On the Modify tab. Activate view Floor Plans. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.

You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Take time to make the selections correctly.Stairs and Railings . 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. If you have a scroll mouse. The Align command remains active. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Click the center of the stairs. 5. select Wall centerlines.4. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. from the Prefer list. which is located at the center of the stairs. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Click the center of the wall first. On the Options Bar.

Hover the cursor over the railing. expand Sections (Building Section). Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. Graphics. On the Properties palette. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 .6. Select the stairs. 8. s For Name. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. and Dimensions subsections. click Edit Type. In the Project Browser. s Click Duplicate. 7. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. As you prehighlight them. s Click OK. On the Properties palette. 9. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. railings were created with the stairs. Change Width to 1350. enter Lobby Stairs. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread.

10.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Select both railings. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Stairs and Railings . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Cherry s s Click Modify.

Click it to select it. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project.12. The stair changes to the run sketch. In the Type Selector. Stairs and Railings s 225 . and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. s Zoom in on the stairs. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. 14. s Select the stairs (not a railing). 13. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. The railings change. Next. click Edit Sketch. Delete this line. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. you change the shape of the stairs. Mode panel. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan.

Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 18. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. click the left end of the top riser. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. On the Draw panel. Click Modify. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. 16.15. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. To place the second arc endpoint.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the arc. 19. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 17. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Boundary. s On the Modify panel.

Click CenterEnds-Arc. First. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the left boundary. 20. click Riser. Click to exit the Mirror command. the arc center point. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Delete the first (bottom) riser line.21. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the right boundary. Next. The left boundary will be mirrored. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. For the third point.

rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results.22. click Finish. On the Mode panel. You also modified the properties of a railing. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings . 23. you modified stair properties and boundaries. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Zoom into the landing area as shown. you sketch the plan view path. you need to define a path for the railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Therefore. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. For simple railings. In this case. The completed exercise To create a railing. This is typically done in plan view.rvt from the previous exercise. Select the right side railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Click Modify. 3. you add a railing to a second floor landing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. 2. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 .

Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. 5. Select Finish to exit the railing definition.4. select Chain.Stairs and Railings . click Edit Path. On the Draw panel. Then. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 6. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. The dimensions are shown as a guide. To set the exact distance. 7. Once the railing is selected. Mode panel. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. edit the temporary dimension. on the Modify | Railings tab. You do not need to add dimensions. s s On the Options Bar. click Line.

Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. you used sketch tools to create a railing. In this exercise.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.rvt. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Delete your lines and try again. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. 9. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. 8. Stairs and Railings s 231 .

Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. the stairs appear as a U-shape. s On the Home tab. Create a Reference Plane 1.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. set the Offset value to 850. In a floor plan view. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Work Plane panel.rvt from the previous exercise. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment.Stairs and Railings . You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. s On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 2. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. you create a reference plane.

Pull the cursor straight up.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click OK twice. To start sketching the run. click Stairs. enter Exit Stairs. Dark Gray.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. For Name. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . 4. Stairs and Railings s 233 . You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. On the Properties palette. Click Edit Type. 6. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. 5. 3. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. Click OK. change the Width parameter to 900. Matte 2. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Circulation panel.

7. Click to finish the stair run. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. enter 1925. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Press ENTER. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer to the right. 9. 8. with none remaining to be created. Click to place the first run.Stairs and Railings . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.

Remove the additional lines. On the View Control bar. 11. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. To remove the lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. If you get an error message. 2. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. On the Stairs panel. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Click Finish Stairs again. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. it is because you have overlapping lines.10. click Finish Stairs. but they are hidden behind walls. You want to inspect your stairs. Use Hide/Isolate 1. you select Continue to return the sketch. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen.

Finally. Zoom in to see your stairs. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 5. 4. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.3.rvt. The exterior walls reappear. 3. Select the stairs so they highlight. and to create a U-shaped stair. In this exercise. you learned to create a reference plane. 6. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects.Stairs and Railings . The stairs update to become multistory stairs. This is a multistory stair. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 2. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. On the Properties palette. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Reset the Display 1. On the View Control Bar. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The walls are now hidden.

ramps. escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 .

shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. but they can also be highly decorative. this openness makes them fire hazards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They cost less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. and deliver riders without wait time. Include landings as required by your local building code.Stairs and Railings . Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. smoke guards. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.

True b. 40" 4. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False 2. you learned to: s Create stairs. 36" d. 90 degrees d. 25 degrees b. General Questions 1. a. a. 45 degrees c. s Modify stair boundaries. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 30" b. 32" c. and all treads should be the same run. False Summary/Questions s 239 . True b. s Create railings. 180 degrees 3. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . risers 3. Home b. Insert 2. you use the _______ option.Stairs and Railings . a. Fasten Railing 5. Circle 4. Pick New Host b. that is. Boundary lines. a. Manage d. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. Arc d. Align Railing d. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Rectangle c. riser d. True b. a. Attach Railing c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To create railings on stairs without railings. risers and treads. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. riser lines c. Modify c. risers b. Railings. Treads. Line b. a. True b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. False 6. Run.

Review of roof types. (Student) 3. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. s Place fascia. (Discussion) 2. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. s Place gutters.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Define a roof structure. Evaluate Students. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 5. (Student) 6. (Student) 4. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 11. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.

roof types. After completing this lesson. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. It addresses roof construction. Calculate the rise. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. run. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and downspouts. Identify the different roof types.Roofs . Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. tiles. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. and pitch of a sloped roof. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. gutters.

s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. engineering. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM).Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. About Roofs s 243 . Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. This lesson relates to science. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Rake: The inclined. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. and math standards. Technology. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

both low and steep. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. durability. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. snow. rot. You can use them for many different applications. brands. maintenance. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. Sloped roofs. They come in several types. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. the roofing pattern. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. and color. resistance to wind and fire. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and sun.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. durability. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. texture. resulting in at least one textured face. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. the roofing pattern. texture. and colors. and low maintenance roofing material. fire-resistant. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and if visible. as well as how effective a shelter it is. and sunlight. About Roofs s 245 . and if visible. These are used more often on upscale homes. are designed for shedding water and snow. resistance to wind and fire. maintenance. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important.

galvanized steel. or corrugated structural glass.Roofs . treatment for insects. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. When choosing the insulation for your job. galvanized steel. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. Unfortunately. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. zinc alloy. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. quality. and insulating capability (R-value). The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. They are fire-resistant. and require little maintenance. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. choose a type that will suit your needs. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. This same roof on a clear. and so forth). fiberglass. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. durable. odor. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. Therefore. consider such factors as cost. special characteristics (for example. reinforced plastic. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead).

The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.

Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing.

purlins.s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.

About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. These are commonly used in French-style houses. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope.

where as. The run value is typically equal to 12. run. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 .

7 on 12. 7-12.Roofs . The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 to 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 and 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction.

or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you can add gutters. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you work with massing shapes and not building components. Roofs s 255 . Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. or ice. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. dormers. s Create various roof types. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. To create a roof by face. that convey rainwater to drains. s Create a hip roof. water. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Create a roof fascia. or roof overhangs. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. often supporting a gutter. and fascia. Once you create a roof. snow. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. soffits. or eaves. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Place gutters.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Engineering. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Roofs . Math (STEM). and Language Arts. technology.

rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. To create an extruded roof. Open ADA_Roofs. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 2. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. you create an extruded roof. select the Name option. the top of the roof profile is sketched.. In the Work Plane dialog box. 3. Click OK to continue. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 4. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.

Roofs . s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. click Ref Plane. Drawing Reference Planes 1. The section view should display as shown. 3. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Go To View dialog box. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 6. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. select Section: Section 1. 4. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. Click Open View. click Line. On the Work Plane panel. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. Before sketching the roof's profile. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway.5. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Use the image below for guidance. 2. Draw panel. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch.

s Click Modify. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. 5. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value. Using the image below for guidance. s Select the new dimension. Roofs s 259 .6.

Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 4. 1. you can label them. Click Modify. 7. Click OK. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. The name displays when you select the reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s On the Options Bar.Roofs . enter Horizontal. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. click Line.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 5. 2. 6. for Name. click Finish (green check). click Chain. 3. On the Mode panel. Right-click.

Switch to a 3D view. Roofs s 261 .12" type.8. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

This is a two-step process. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Using the images for guidance.Roofs . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. carefully select the far right roof edge. Edit Geometry panel. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. 2. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. On the Modify tab. click Join/Unjoin Roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 1. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 3.

2. However. select Attach Wall: Top. In the Project Browser. To select both walls together. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select the roof. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Trim Walls 1. click Attach: Top/ Base. This will join the wall tops to the roof. Roofs s 263 . On the Modify Wall panel.4. open the view Sections: Section 1. Select both walls. 3. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Options Bar.

4. 5.Roofs .rvt. The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. In this exercise. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view.

and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. The inner loops define openings in the roof. select Garage Roof. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. so you look straight down as in a plan. a dialog box is displayed. 1. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Because you are in a 3D view. On the Home tab. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. from existing walls. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 3. Click Yes. Unit7_first_roof. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. From the drop-down list. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . In this exercise. by Footprint. The footprint sketch is created at 2. 4. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched.rvt. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.

0". clear the Defines slope option. s On Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 6. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 8.Roofs . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. 7. click Pick Walls. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Next. click Defines Slope. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. select the vertical wall on the left. If you place a line on the wrong side.5. Select the right vertical wall of the garage.

Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. defining lines separately. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. 2. change the value to 6"/12". Click the 9"/12" text. To complete the roof. Select the left slope defining line. 1. It becomes an editable field. When a roof line is set to slope defining. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Roofs s 267 . 3. click Finish. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Other controls also display. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the right side roof line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Change this value to 6"/12". The new roof displays. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. By default. click Yes. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Click Modify.

4. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.Roofs . In this exercise. 5. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.rvt. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

Clear Defines Slope. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. To chain-select all of the walls. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. 2.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 4.rvt. Build panel. On Home tab. set the overhang to 1' 0". 3. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. When all of the walls prehighlight. The file opens to a 3D view. you create a gable roof using a footprint. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 269 . Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. click to select them.

Create a Roof Opening 1. On the Draw panel. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.Roofs . click Rectangle. 4. 3. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. As an alternate. Right-click. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Options Bar. 2. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Using the image for guidance. Zoom into the chimney area.

Select the uppermost. 5. horizontal line. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. As in the previous exercise. 3. Click Finish. select the Defines Slope. select Defines Slope. Click Modify. The slope indicator displays. On the Options Bar. 6.Add Slope Lines 1. 2. Roofs s 271 . When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 4. click Yes. On the Options Bar. Select the left lower horizontal line.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration.Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7.rvt. 8. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. attached walls.

Select Defines Slope. you create a hip roof. 3. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. 5. Select the three walls shown in the image. The completed exercise On the Home tab. 4.0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 273 .Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. Build panel. set Overhang to 2' . Create the Roof 1.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof.

click Line. you use the Line tool. On the Properties palette. Click OK. To close the roof sketch. 6. Click Finish to complete the roof. Switch to a 3D View.Roofs . s On the Draw panel. In addition. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.7. Raise the Roof 1. s s Clear Defines Slope. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. 2.0". change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 3. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Right-click the ViewCube. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.

and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Roofs s 275 . Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

you created a hip roof using a footprint.2. In this exercise.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Roofs s 277 . Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 4. click Pick Walls. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 5. On the Draw panel. 3. 2. Clear Defines Slope. 7.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 6. The file should open to a 3D view. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Create a Shed Roof 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. click Line.rvt.

12. Right-click the line. Select the lower. On the Properties palette. 11. 10. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Toggle Slope Defining. horizontal line at the front of the roof. 9. Set the Offset to 0' 0". Set the Slope to 6" / 12".Roofs . 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 13.8. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Click Modify.

click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view. In this exercise. Click OK. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint.rvt. Finish the Roof. 18. Roofs s 279 . 15. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation.14. 16. 17.

Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.rvt.Roofs . 4. Cutoff Level list. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 5. The roof updates. 3. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. On the Properties palette. Activate the view North Elevation. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the menu bar. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. select Level 3. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. Open the Default 3D view. Select the Roof. 2. You see four levels defined in the model.

Open Floor Plan: Level 3. click Pick Lines. 10. Roofs s 281 . On the Home tab. On the Draw panel.rvt. 9. In this exercise. Finish the Roof. 8. 11. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. set the slope value to 3"/12". 7. 13. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. To set the slope for the new roof. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Zoom and spin to see your model. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.6. select Defines Slope. 12. On the Options Bar. Switch to a 3D View. on the Properties palette.

Roofs . 1. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. 3. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. In the Type Selector. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. The file should open to a 3D view. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 2.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. Select the main roof over the house.rvt. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .

3. enter Clay Tile. click Duplicate. It is a generic roof type.Define a Roof Structure 1. Select Layer 2 as shown. Select the roof over the garage. 5. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Edit Type. For Structure Value. 2. click Edit. Roofs s 283 . To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. s Click OK. Click Insert to add a layer. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. For Name. 4.

In the Fill Pattern dialog box. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. select Model. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In this exercise. 6. Click OK twice. 8. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Click OK.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .rvt. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". 7.

Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof.rvt. click Roof > Fascia. Click Open. to support a gutter. On the Insert tab. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. or for decoration.rfa. 3. Roofs s 285 . In the Open dialog box. 4. 2. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Home tab. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In this exercise. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1.

6. click Edit Type. For Name. Matte.5. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.Roofs . s Click OK to exit the dialog box. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Click OK. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Set the Material value to Metal . just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate. for Profile.Paint Finish Ivory. In the Type Properties dialog box.

you defined and applied a roof fascia. In this exercise. 9.8. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Roofs s 287 . Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.rvt.

1. 6. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied.Bevel: 5" x 5". 2. 3. under Profile parameter. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Under Material parameter. 5. For Name. On the Home tab. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. In the Type Properties dialog box. you add gutters to a building. Click OK. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. The completed exercise 4. select Metal Aluminum. The file should open to a 3D view. click Edit Type. so as not to detract from the design of the building.rvt. s Click Duplicate. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Place Gutters In this exercise. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. select Gutter . click Roof > Gutter.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation.Roofs .

Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Roofs s 289 . Segments will clean up at corners. If you click the interior face.7. 9. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 11. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 10. you attached gutters to a roof. 8. In this exercise.

s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . heat. water. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold.

what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s Using your own house.m. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

High d. the run is always 12. When referring to roof slope. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.Roofs . a. None of the above 3. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. Gambrel d. True b. s Place fascia. True b. General Questions 1. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Hip c. Low b. False 2. s Define a roof structure. s Place gutters. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. a. Gable b. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Shed 4. Medium c. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof.

Slope c. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. True b. a. Material 8. Activate Slope 9. DEL d. a. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. True b. sketch. TAB b. Footprint b. False 7. a. Extrusion d. Roofs can be created using ______. face b. a. A compound roof contains layers. b. True b. To add a slope to a roofline. lines c. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Turn slopes on or off. profile. c. a. extrusion. Defines Slope c. d. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Walls d. Cut/Lengthen c. ENTER 4. pick d. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Add Slope b. a. extrusion. you use: a. Face 3. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. place a check mark next to: a. Sketch c. a. Walls. Create an opening. Expand/Contract 6. Footprint. 10. SHIFT c. profile 2. Change the direction of the slope. Change the direction of the roof. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Create Slope d. Trim/Extend b. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. ______ or _______. Footprint b. False 5. Sketch. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Footprint. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create a section view. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create material annotations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.

Sections are used to examine the roof. In a residential building. and special equipment. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. After completing this lesson. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. the kitchen. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. In a commercial structure. cabinetry. the location of special equipment. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. floor. bathrooms. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and tool racks.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and Language Arts. engineering. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . This lesson relates to science.

Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and are properly cross-referenced. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. on the long axis of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). t Cross or transverse sections. framing. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets.Sections and Elevations . and foundation plans. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. across its narrower dimension.

Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . and steel. full. such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. unnecessary.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). it is acceptable to decrease the scale. For larger elevations. s The position relationship between different elements.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. such as doors and windows. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Sections and Elevations .

refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. East. Unnecessary Information Shades. people. For a wood structure. shadows. the titles assigned (North. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. South. bushes. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. however. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions." Mfr. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. With interior elevations. cars. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The size of the object is listed first. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and so forth. quantity. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. For example. Therefore. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. this is reversed. For siding. and then the name of the material.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. or methods of installation. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. You may. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations.

Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". doors and direction of door swings. or linoleum) and the wall. It can also be used around doorways and windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. chamfers. other openings. shelf arrangements. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. casements. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. The trim is usually glued into place. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This is more costly than regular overlay. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. which is a formed pressboard. and materials used. and types of finish materials used. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. flush overlay. and other appliances.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0".Sections and Elevations . Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. tile. or decorative patterns. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. doors. Molding is usually made of plaster. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. windows. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. or a baseboard. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. Molding is normally decorative in nature. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. This is usually done using a topset. and special equipment such as toilets. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It may have curves. wood. or MDF. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Hinges are concealed. coving. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. and lip. dishwashers. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights.

Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Place a section view on a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create an interior elevation. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . which you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates the section view in the model. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to a detail section. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Change the section head.

Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. engineering. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Technology. Once created.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. A section is a horizontal view. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. Math (STEM). technology. like an elevation.Sections and Elevations .

Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. elevation. or other section view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. For example. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it includes a crop region to resize the view. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. When you create a section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.Sections and Elevations . you can more closely control what displays in the section view.

Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . In a set of construction documents. tracing over the existing elements. The slope is the ratio rise:run. s Add structural details. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Slope is also referred to as pitch. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. the slope of this roof is 2:12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Once you create the detail section. Details are crucial for effective construction. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. So. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. In the example shown. s Add detail notes. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. such as anchor bolts and siding. s Add breaklines as needed. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.

try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 3. The Section command is available from the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. 4. click Section.rvt. The completed exercise 6. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 311 . On the View tab. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Open the file ADA_Sections. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Create panel. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 2. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.

the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. On the Properties palette. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. This is called the crop region. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2.Sections and Elevations . Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. and it has control grips to resize it. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. With the section line selected. The actual location is not critical. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. Section Properties 1. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 3.

you automatically created a section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. In this exercise. 5. When you drew the section line. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The section view updates. The view is listed in your Project Browser. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 7.4. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.rvt. 6. Clear Crop Region Visible. In the Properties palette. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Save the file as Unit8_section1. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 8.

For Name. click Duplicate. Select Section Head-Open.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.rfa. Section Head . and Section Head . 2. Click Open to load the family. On the Insert tab. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. In this exercise. click Load Family.rvt. Load from Library panel.Sections and Elevations . They include Section Head . Several section head families are available. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 7. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . enter Open Arrow.1 point Filled. 5. 3. Click OK. Settings panel. 6. On the Manage tab. 4. The view does not change.Filled. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.No Arrow.

No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. For Name.8. 14. The section head updates to the new head type. Click OK. 13. 11. Save as Unit8_section_open. 12. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. For Section Head. click Edit Type. In this exercise.Open. select Section Head . 10. Click Duplicate. Click OK. On the Properties palette. In the Section Tag field. Sections and Elevations s 315 .rvt. enter Open Arrow. Select the section line. select Open Arrow. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. 9.

Use the image below for guidance. 2. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.Sections and Elevations . This is a building section. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 5. 3.rvt. click Callout. 6. Create panel. To reposition the callout head. 4. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. On the Options Bar. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. On the View tab. select the border of the callout. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.

On the Properties palette. You can add detail lines. Detail panel. but not strongly. click Region > Filled Region. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. select Chain. 1. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. detail components. 3. On the Annotate tab. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. as shown. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view.rvt.7. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. 2. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. region patterns. 4. 8. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. Line is selected automatically.

On the Properties palette. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type.5. 7. Click Modify. Select the upper and right side lines. enter Earth. 6.Sections and Elevations . For Name. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click OK.

the filled region may appear as solid fill. the pattern becomes visible.Section. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. click Load Family. From the Fill Pattern list. Click OK. 1. select Finish (green check). On the Annotate tab.8. On the Mode panel. Detail panel. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. click Component > Detail Component. 2. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Click Open. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. If you zoom in closer. Detail panel. 3. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects.rfa. On the Place Detail Component tab. 9.

5. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. In the Specify Types dialog box. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. Click OK.Sections and Elevations . Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.4. From the Type Selector. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.

You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Add another Detail Component. Sections and Elevations s 321 . select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. 8. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical.6. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. Using the image below for guidance. select Plywood. 7.

Use the image below for guidance. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. The exact vertical placement is not critical. set the Thickness to 3/4". Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the component similarly to the image below. Click Component > Detail Component.9. 12. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. This component represents the subflooring. select anchor bolt. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. From the Type Selector. 11.Sections and Elevations . Select the vertical plywood. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face.

Use the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.13. Click Modify. On the Options Bar. 14. select Multiple. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. select Lap Siding. On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Copy. Sections and Elevations s 323 . From the Type Selector.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . select Wide Lines. From the Line Style Selector. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Save the file. On the Annotate tab. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Detail panel. Start at the end of the siding. 2.15. click Detail Line. Add Detail Lines 1. 16.

Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. 4.3. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Zoom out. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

Sections and Elevations . Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Edit in the Structure field. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Detail panel. click Insulation. The wall display updates. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. 10. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Save the file. Right-click. Add Insulation 1. 2. Select the wall so it highlights. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Next. identified as Wall material 1. 8.6. select the Material field in row 3. 7.

2. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 3. 1. On the Annotate tab. select Break Line. Sections and Elevations s 327 . The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. Your view should resemble the image shown. From the Type Selector. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown.

Save the file. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).Sections and Elevations . 6. 5. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Click Zoom to Fit. You place another breakline. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 7.4. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. In this exercise. The view should resemble the image shown. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. and detail components to it. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Place the breakline as shown. To complete the detail. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. detail lines. The Detail Component tool is still active.

Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. 3. and ventilation methods in construction documents. or methods of installation. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . s Clear Annotation Crop. weatherproofing. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. To add notes.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). The border around the view will disappear. 1. quantity. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail.rvt. 2. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. With nothing selected in the view.

9. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Move the pointer up 11. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. Finally. On the Format panel. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry.4" WEATHERING. 6. As you pull your cursor to the right. 10. insulation. click Text. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. click Two Segments.4. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 5. 7. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Text panel. On the Annotate tab. 8.Sections and Elevations . From the Type list. 12. leader arrow as shown. R13. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall.

Start the next text at the floorboard. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 16. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. .C. or wood treated with preservative against rot.TYPE X. O. 17. Start the next text at the baseboard. 20..C. 18. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. as the second line of text.C. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. is an acronym for On Center. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD.C.13. 19. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Click off the text to finish the entry. 15.. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. 14. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 5/8" GWB . CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST.

Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Click Modify. In this exercise.rvt. Click ENTER to start a second line. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .. Click Zoom to Fit. 23. 21. 22. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.

3. and locate the detail view on it. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 2. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Highlight your title block. you will want to add the views to a sheet. click Load. The new sheet becomes the current view.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. highlight Sheets. Right-click. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Sections and Elevations s 333 .Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Project Browser. 5. In this exercise. 4. section. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Locate the A-Landscape. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt. Click New Sheet. Click Open. 6. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. or elevation view.

click Hide Crop Region.7. On the View Control Bar. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Click the control at its left end. 8. In the Project Browser. 9. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. close to the crop border. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Both Level ends will move together. select view Detail at Foundation. Drag it to the right.Sections and Elevations . Select a Level Line. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

you: s Created a new sheet. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 . enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK. enter S. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. 12. For Name. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. For Number. Right-click.301. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. 11. Click Rename. highlight the new sheet. 13.10. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. s Modified the label values in the title block.rvt.

and west. Click the Annotations tab. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . south. s Add slope indication for roof. Right-click. s Add any necessary dimensions. four elevation views are included: north. 3. 5.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Select Elevations.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. When you create a project with a template. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. Click OK. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Add material notes. 6. 4. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. The elevation markers are now visible. It is defined by the green dotted line. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. 2. east. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. s Set the display for building components as needed. Open ADA_Elevations. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east).Sections and Elevations .

5. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Next.2. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Annotations tab. clear Sections. 3. On the View Control Bar. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. On the Modelling tab. clear Planting. Switch to an Elevation View 1. 4. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view.

Select the wall. you activated an elevation view. 9. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette.Exterior Stucco. Click Zoom to Fit. and modified the wall display characteristics. Click the button that displays to select a material. Select Sand. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.rvt.Sections and Elevations . select Edit in the Structure field. click Edit Type.7. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 12. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 8. 13. In Surface Pattern. modified its display. 11. In this exercise. It will be identified as Condo . click to open the list. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 10.

you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the stone wall. 4. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 2. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 3. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. or methods of installation. The size of the object is listed first.rvt. In the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 339 . set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 5. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Enter TX. Add a note for the foundation. quantity.

Add a note for the brick wall. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. Add a note for the exterior stucco.rvt. In this exercise.6. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the roof.Sections and Elevations . 8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9.

Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click again to locate the slope indicator. On the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. click Spot Slope. 5. Sections and Elevations s 341 . you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. 1. 6. enter 1/8". On the Options Bar. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. from the Slope Representation list. select Triangle.rvt. For Offset from Reference. 4. 2. Dimension panel. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 3. Click to select the roof line.

11. Dimension panel. 9.7. 10. On the Annotate tab. Click to locate the slope indicator.Sections and Elevations . Click to select the roof line. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Aligned. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown.

and dimensions for clarity. slope indicators. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. To create a continuous dimension as shown. In this exercise. and vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . Arrange notes. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. The west elevation now contains material notes.rvt. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. 14. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels. 13.12. leaders.

The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. dimensions. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations . equipment rooms. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. 2. In the Project Browser. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Right-click. Highlight the view. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Click Open View. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Click Find Referring Views. and cabinetry.rvt. special closets. 3. kitchens. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. This view was already defined in the drawing.

click OK. 6. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Clear Use Project Settings. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. s s s s Click Duplicate. 7. 5.4. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Dimension panel. In the Name box. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Select Suppress 0 Feet. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Right-click. Click the value field for Units Format 8. On the Annotate tab. click Aligned. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes.

In this exercise. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.9.rvt. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. detail the interior section.Sections and Elevations . Using the Text and Dimension tools. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. You modified a dimension style. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.

True b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . s Create material annotations. False 3. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Walls c. such as north. All of the above 5. Not in Concrete b. s Create a section view. The direction the structure is facing. Cabinetry d. s Create slope annotations. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. d. 4. is always the true orientation. All of the above. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Not in Contract c. b. b. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Either one. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The direction the viewer is facing. The orientation of the exterior elevation. General Questions 1. Nobody in Charge d. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. it depends. c. c. Show the relationships between elements. a. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. 2. Indicate the location of doors and windows.

True b. The height of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations.Sections and Elevations . b and c. Click Add View. c. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The dotted line indicates: a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. Which elevation is it? a. The detail level of the view. d. Element properties c. a. Sun and Shadow b. False 5. False 2. you use: a. The Visual Style of the view. click Sheet Composition > View. a. North 3. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. On the View tab. West c. d. True b. Right-click. b. b. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The boundaries of the view. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. c. South d. 4. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. but not a 6. East b.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 5. s Export a schedule. 3. Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 4. 2. s Load a schedule tag. s Reformat a schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.Schedules . The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.

Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. height. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and thickness. and Language Arts. such as reference number. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. width. technology. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). and math standards. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. About Schedules s 351 . engineering. Some of these building objects include. This lesson relates to science.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. Instance. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the same primary information is included. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. However. depending on the style of the architectural firm. There are different types of schedule tables.Schedules . some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan.

A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. E for electrical. A circle. Using the software. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.Schedules . window. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. hexagon. Other letters are P for plumbing. and A for appliances. However. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Like schedules. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. The following image shows door. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).

technology. and Language Arts. Technology. engineering. hardware. equipment.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. windows. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. and math standards. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. materials. Project templates include preset schedules. rooms. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Export a schedule. s Create a room schedule. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedules list items such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and you can create your own schedules. s Add room tags. Engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. This lesson relates to science. Schedules s 355 . Math (STEM). Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project.

You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.Schedules .Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.rvt. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Window_Schedules. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. 2. and you set the schedule to display totals. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.

select Comments. Schedules s 357 . You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Height. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click Add. 3. Select Windows from the list.s Window Tag 5. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 4. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Type Mark. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In Available Fields. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. On the View tab. Add Count. Level. 6. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 7. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. and Width.

9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.8.Schedules . Click OK to finish the schedule. Select the fields. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . from left to right. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.

The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 3. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Select Blank Line. Schedules s 359 . On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. 2. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. From the Sort By list. select Type Mark. but without any useful calculations yet.

The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. select Level. in this case). The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 2. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In order to calculate the total number of windows. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Notice how the schedule has changed. In the Project Browser. in the Then By sorting field. Rather than make a manual calculation. On the Properties palette. for Sorting/ Grouping.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 4. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. clear Itemize Every Instance.Schedules . 1. you can have the schedule report this. 3. click Edit. click the schedule name.

and Totals.rvt. Schedules s 361 .5. click Edit 7. s Set the schedule to display category totals. select Title. select Footer. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. From the list. Count. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. In this exercise. 6. for Sorting/ Grouping. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. On the Properties palette. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. The totals for each window type now display.

If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. On the Home tab. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. click Room > Room.rvt. Room size.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. click Overwrite the Existing Version. based on the amount of space in each room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. occupancy. 5. Room & Area panel. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Click Open. 3. Locate the file named Room Tag. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. 2. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. ceiling type. Open ADA_Room_Tags. floor type.Schedules . You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 4. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.

In the Type Selector. a total of 7. 6. and in the hall as shown. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. On the Home tab. Room & Area panel. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. Schedules s 363 . The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 8. click Room > Room Separation Line. 7. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room.

11. 12. Click Modify. click Room. s Change the word Room to Manager. s Click the Room text. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. An edit box activates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The area value for Room 7 updates.Schedules . Place a room tag below the room separation line.9. The cursor changes to sketch mode. 13. Select Room #2. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 10. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. The room tag updates. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. On the Room & Area panel.

s Tagged various objects. for Name. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.rvt. Schedules s 365 . On the Properties palette. s Changed room tag field values. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Added a room separation.14. 15. enter Sales.

366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .rvt.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Create a Room Schedule 1. Name. Click OK. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 3. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. and Area to be included in your schedule. Click Add--> after each selection. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. Set the Sort By value to Number. Create panel. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. For Name. 4. select Number. In the Available Fields pane.Schedules . you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. On the View tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 2. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The completed exercise 5. 6. enter Square Footage Report.

Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Alignment to Right. Click OK. clear Use Project Settings. s Click Field Format. s Select Calculate Totals. Click the Formatting tab. Select Grand Totals. Schedules s 367 . In the Format dialog box. 10. 9. Change the Heading to No. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. s Set Units to Square Feet.7. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 8. Highlight the Number field. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Area field.

11. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Save as Unit9_room_schedule. 12. In this exercise. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.Schedules . you: s Created a room schedule. s Totaled one of the columns. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths.rvt. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. Click OK to exit the dialog box.

The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Click Save. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Browse to a directory to save your report. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications.txt) file. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Click OK. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. locate the file you created.rvt. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 4. The file is created. 6. Note the formatting that has been applied. On the application menu. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Schedules s 369 . you export the room schedule to a text file. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 5. 2. Using your Windows Explorer. You can then use this file in other applications.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. 3. Double-click it to open it.

7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.Schedules . Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. 8. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. True b. Instance 3. None of the above. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. d. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. 2. Type b. c. a. What is a schedule table? a. b. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Questions 1. s Reformat a schedule. Quantity c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. s Place a schedule tag.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Matrix d. a. False 4. True b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. A list of information that defines specific building objects. A list of sheets used in a project. s Load a schedule tag. s Export a schedule.

Manage tab 3. Modify 2. TXT b. CSV d. XLS c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. use the ____ . To export a schedule. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Annotate tab b. a. Annotate b.Schedules .Revit Architecture Questions 1. View c. Home d. Application menu d. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . a. View tab c.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 4.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Evaluate Students. 2. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 3. Lesson Plan 1. 5. Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .

This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Export a walkthrough. Engineering.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. and Language Arts. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. or camera on a path. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a DWG file. After completing this lesson. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Create and edit a walkthrough. Math (STEM). you create a walkthrough.Visualization . s Apply shading to a view. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Add planting components. Technology. s Play a walkthrough. Finally. s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Export an FBX file. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Assign materials.

Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. s s 2. Assign materials. You worked on animations. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Open Floor Plan View Level 1.rvt. s Make a camera view the active view. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Unit2_custom_family.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. To prepare your model for rendering. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Click Zoom to Fit. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects.

Select any exterior wall. Select one of the exterior walls. Stud. Right-click. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 4. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. All the exterior walls highlight in blue.Visualization . verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 6. If you do not see any change in the wall display. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The walls now display layers of materials.3. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. The wall display updates. 5. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows.

Visualization s 377 . Click Change wall's orientation. Open the Default 3D view. Click OK. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. 8. Repeat the process for the windows. Select walls. Select the toposurface object. On the Properties palette. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. you can: s s s 9. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.7. In addition to using the control arrows. Select Site: Grass. Right-click. 10.

and click Open. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.Visualization . Open 3ds Max Design. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Select the file name. click Export > FBX. Select the Roof. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Export the Model to FBX 1. you have completed this exercise. 12. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.rvt. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. click Import > Import.FBX). 3. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. On the application menu. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Select File to Import dialog box. On the application menu. for Files of type. select Autodesk (*. This will filter the file list. Depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Note the file location. 2.11.

The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Close the file without saving. Open or return to Revit. Export the Model to DWG 1. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. 2. There is no way to update it from Revit. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. On the application menu. Note the file location. click Next. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. If necessary. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.4.rvt. 3. you have completed this exercise. Visualization s 379 . click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. open Unit10_Export. Depending on your system resources.

rvt. Select two windows as shown. 7. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.Visualization . Close the File Link Manager. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open.4. click References > File Link Manager. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Select the file name. 5. Open or return to Revit. 9. open Unit10_Export. In the File Link Manager . Open 3ds Max Design. 6. click File. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.max. If necessary. click Attach This File. 8.

The windows have updated. On the application menu.10. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Visualization s 381 . Open the 3D view. In the dialog box. Save the file. 12. Save the export file using the same name as before. 13. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 11.

s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. 15. s Oriented walls and windows. In this exercise. s Click Reload. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Open the Files tab. The linked file updates. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Close the File Link Manager. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. The windows have changed.Visualization . s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Changed a material definition. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.14.

Create panel.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. generate a rendering. change materials. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. On the View tab. 3. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. add plantings to the model. If you place the camera too close to the model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Open the Site view. Visualization s 383 . click Camera. In this exercise. Open Unit10_Export. as shown. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. Place a Camera 1. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. and create a second rendering. you place a camera in a model.

Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 5.Visualization . select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 2. Return to the perspective view. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. s s s s Open a floor plan view. click Show Rendering Dialog. Click Show Camera. 6. select Very Few Clouds. Render Setup 1. Open the Site view again. Right-click. The camera will be visible. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If necessary. The camera perspective view opens.4. On the View Control Bar. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 7.

Enhance the Model 1. Visualization s 385 . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Open view 3D View 1. click Site Component. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Model Site panel. Output Settings. Accept the default settings for Quality. On the Massing & Site tab. s Click Render. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open the Site view.3. 3.30' approximately as shown. 2. Click Render. and Lighting.

2. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field. select Roofing . click Show the Model. 4. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. click Edit Type. click Save to Project.Visualization . click OK. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. The model displays in the view. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Change Materials 1. Select the roof. In the Rendering dialog box. Select an exterior wall. 5. Revit places the image in its own view. On the Properties palette. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.4. 6. Click Edit in the Structure field.Wood Shake. On the Properties palette. In the Materials list. In the Save to Project dialog box. 3.

7. Click Replace.10. Click Edit in the Structure field. Select the icon next to Masonry .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click the Render Appearance tab. 8. Visualization s 387 . 9.

These images are now available as options to present to a client. In the Rendering dialog box. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing.Visualization . 15. The new image is placed in its own view. 12. s Generated and captured a render image. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. click Render. 16. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK. Select Masonry . 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Placed site planting components in the model. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 14. Save the file as Unit10_render. s Generated and captured a second render image. s Edited materials in model components.rvt. s Created a raytrace setup.Brick Uniform Running Brown.11. 13. click Save to Project. In this exercise.

or frame.rvt. 2. The camera and path can be edited. Visualization s 389 . The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. or walkthroughs. s View the animation in a media player. in a project model. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. Click Zoom Out (2x). s Edit the camera and path. and exported individually. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. To place a key frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The cursor changes to a crosshair. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. 3. click 3d View > Walkthrough. In this exercise. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Open floor plan view Level 1. Each view. s On the View tab. click to the left of the model as shown. Create panel. 4. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit10_render. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s Right-click again. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. rendered.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. s Right-click.

10. click Finish Walkthrough. 11. The camera is located on the final key frame. On the Modify | Cameras tab. The Options Bar changes. Repeat for all the key frames. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building.5. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 9. click Edit Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Select the direction control for the camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. 8. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Walkthrough panel.Visualization . Drag it to the left. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7. 6.

select Path. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Click Edit Walkthrough. 13. Check the view in several key frames. The path displays control dots at key frames. click Next Key Frame. From the Controls list. Visualization s 391 . The camera is too close to the model to show it well. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. If camera positions distort.12. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 3. 2. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Open. On the Walkthrough panel. Edit the Walkthrough 1.

392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . notice where you save the file. In the Video Compression dialog box. 4. select a video compression method to hold down file size. The walkthrough plays in the view window. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Click Play. Export the Walkthrough 1. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. On the application menu.Play the Walkthrough 1.Visualization . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. 2. Click Save. In the Length/Format dialog box. 2. 3.rvt. Click OK. click OK. File Name.

Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 . You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. It plays in your media player. Plan your class time accordingly. 6. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.5.

394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the animation file in a media player. In this exercise. s Edited the path. If you have made changes to the building model.7. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file.Visualization .

Split b. Flip Orientation d. Align c. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Export a walkthrough. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. Print to File b. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. View > Shading d. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Orient walls and windows. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Create a raytrace rendering.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Demolish 2. False 2. a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you use: a. s Export an FBX file. a. Questions 1. s Assign materials. s Export a DWG file. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Apply shading to a view. Save As > FBX c. s Play a walkthrough. True b. Export > FBX 3. True b. you use: a. s Add planting components. True b. a.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

5. beams and braces. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. Review structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Student) Evaluate Students. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. you learn how to place structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. beams. beam systems. 2. and braces. foundations. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. In the following exercises. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 .

For example. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.Structural . and other structural elements will be located in a building. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.

About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. walls. Knowing where structural members. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. and other building objects. especially columns.

Create column grids. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Place beam systems and braces. After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Structural s 401 . Math (STEM). you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place columns and beams on grids. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering.

Hide Category. In this exercise. beams can be steel. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. click Column > Structural Column. On the Build panel of the Home tab. 2. In residential construction. wood. Beams connect columns or walls.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. As with columns. Select a floor. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. They come in types defined by size and shape. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. spans without walls. Open Deck Framing. 1. wood. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. 3. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Structural columns can be steel. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . this is known as post and beam construction. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. or concrete. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. or reinforced concrete. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. On the View Control Bar. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. often mainly glass.Structural . you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor.

8. click Depth. 3A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Click the edge of the right floor to select it. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. On the View Control Bar. 6. Structural s 403 . and 4B.4. 7. On the Options Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. 5.

Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. The columns are now hidden by the floors. and columns clearly. In the Project Browser. Place Beams 1. Zoom in so you can see the deck.9. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). rail. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click Hide In View > Element. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click off the columns to clear your selection set. 11. 10. Hold CTRL and select the two floors.Structural . Click OK. Click OK.

In the Type Selector. select Chain. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 5. 4.3. Click. click Beam. To place beams: Structural s 405 . On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab. Structure panel.

set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click. 7. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6.Structural . Click. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

s Place a beam from A2 to A3. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 9. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.rvt. In this exercise. Click on grid intersection B4. as shown. Click Modify. 12. Structural s 407 . click Make Wall Bearing. On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. If a Warning dialog box that opens. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Click. Save the file as Deck Beams. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Structure panel. 11. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Beam. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.8. Click OK.

You place vertical bracing in elevation views. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. On the Structure tab. you: s Place beam systems. Click the beam on Grid 1. Open Deck Beams. Structure panel. The completed exercise 5. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. In this exercise. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Sketch Beam System. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. Open Plan View Deck Framing. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing.Structural . 3. click Pick Supports.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. click Beam System. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .rvt. Place Beam Systems 1. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. click No. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. or number of beams in a bay. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 4. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. s Place braces. distance. 2.

6. click Line. Draw a line on the face of the wall. 7. as shown. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 .

click Line. Trim as necessary.2". To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s 9. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural .6". 10. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. click Pick Supports. Click the beam on Grid 2. s s On the Draw panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. 11. set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). Click Finish. click Create Similar. On the Mode panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' .8. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens.

Open Plan View Deck Framing.Place Braces 1. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the View tab. 5. 4. unlike regular elevations. It has an automatic work plane. Structural s 411 . A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. In the Project Browser. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Click to place the elevation. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. click Brace. Create panel. 2. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. as shown. Adjust the view crop region as shown. On the Structure tab. Structure panel. On the View Control Bar. 3.

In the Type Selector.Structural . 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 7. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.6. In the view window. to start the brace. Click Modify. 8. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. Repeat the brace going right to left. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Structural s 413 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. 11.rvt. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. In this exercise.10.

This is a common step early in designing a large building. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. The exact length is not critical. s s In the view window. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. and walls. Datum panel. The numbering automatically increments.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. You can change a grid number at any time. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical.Structural . and section views. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. click in the lower left to start a grid line. but they can also be angular and radial. as shown. Grid datasets. In this exercise. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. click Grid. In plan views. elevation. beams. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. 2. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Pull the cursor straight up. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. The exact location is not critical.

Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to start another grid line. 4. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Structural s 415 .3. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Click to place a new grid line. The Grid tool is still active.

To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 6. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. The new grid line is number 5. Click to start a grid line.5. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Repeat to create grid line 4. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Press ENTER. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. The new grid line will be number 3. 7. click Copy. s Select Grid Line 2. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Enter A at the keyboard. Pull the cursor to the right. close to the heads. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Pull the cursor to the left.Structural . s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0".

This grid line will be number B. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. This completes the main grid. The Grid tool is still active.1 is still selected. click the elbow control to place an offset. 9. s Select grid 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. 10. Change the number to 2.1. On the grid line.8. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Click Copy. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. Grid 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click to place the grid line. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Structural s 417 . 11.

Zoom to Fit. On the Home tab. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Create panel. s Click to start the grid line. Click in the new grid bubble. set Offset to 15'-0". On the Draw panel. click Radius. On the Options Bar. s s Click grid intersection D3. In the Radius field. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. Press ENTER.Structural . On the Draw panel. 4. Change the number to EE.000 o . 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . enter 15. click Grid.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. click Pick. On the Options Bar. select Center-Ends Arc. 3. The Grid tool is still active. Click to place the grid head. Revit will convert this to 15'-0".

7. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. You will need to identify it easily. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Structural s 419 . Drag it down below the radial grids. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Click to place grid FF. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3.5. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. 6.

s In this exercise. Click in the new grid bubble.Pick Axis. 9. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Zoom to Fit. Revit will create grid 32. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Press ENTER. s Click grid intersection D3. s Select grid 3.000. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click to place the grid line. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Enter 31 to change the name. s 10. click Create Similar. click Mirror . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.8.rvt. s Select grid 31. 11. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.Structural . s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar.

s 3. This is a steel column. Structure panel. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. you typically create a grid. Now you place columns at grid intersections. As a result. s Change a grid layout. Structural s 421 . s Use a column grid to place beams. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Open ADA_Grids-complete. In this exercise. s Add footings to columns. click Column > Structural Column. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. In the Type Selector. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. 2.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan.

4. C and D. 3. set Height to Level 3. B. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. On the Multiple panel. In the Multiple panel. 5. 6. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. click Finish. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. 4.s s On the Options Bar. A. click At Grids.Structural .

Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. columns. On the Multiple panel. click Finish. 5. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. 4. The grid. click Beam. Open Floor Plan Level 2. click On Grids. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Multiple panel.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. 2. 3. Click Grid 1. Zoom to Fit. and beams will move to the right. Structural s 423 . Window-select all the grid lines.

Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . window-select all the columns. click Finish. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 3.Structural . On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Quick Access toolbar. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Click Redo. click Isolated. 6. In the view window. click Undo. click At Columns. 2. Open the Default 3D view. 1. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 4. Columns and beams will move to the right. click No.

Click OK. 7. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. s On the Properties palette. A warning displays.5. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. Press ESC to clear the column selection. The footing had been placed at Level 1. The footing changes size. 6. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. To change the size of the footing. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. in the Type Selector. Structural s 425 . set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18".

s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. In this exercise.8. s Used a column grid to place beams.

Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.Structural . using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Beam d. s Use a column grid to place columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place braces. s Change a grid layout. All of the above. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. True b. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Brace c. s Add footings to columns. 2. Questions 1. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Column b. s Place beam systems.

Select a beam type and define the system layout. a. b. Select the type of beam or column to place. Stretch b. c. a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. d. False 4. All of the above.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. A and B. 3. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. To change the height of a column.Structural . True b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. A but not B. To create a beam system. c. If you relocate a grid line. Flip Orientation d. d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Use grid lines and grid intersections. you can: a. you use: a. 2. you: a. True b. Pick points. Properties c. 5. When placing columns or beams.

Teacher. Copyright s 431 . Starkweather .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. CA Ronald A Williams. Mathematics. International Technology Education Association www.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Randy Dymond.Instructor.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .iteaconnect. Ltd.Executive Director.org Project Lead the Way. Poway High School.Director. Smith . Susan Harrington . Poway. WI Roger Dohm . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Inc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . South Division High School. Milwaukee. PE .

Inc. All rights reserved. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. product names. Autodesk Revit Architecture. CA 94903. AutoCAD Civil 3D. for any purpose. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Trademarks Autodesk. may not be reproduced in any form. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS.© 2010 Autodesk. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk.” AUTODESK. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES.. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Autodesk Inventor. INC. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. All other brand names. INC. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. 2010 Autodesk. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Autodesk Revit MEP. by any method. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Inc. AutoCAD. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . “AS IS.. Inc. Inc. AutoCAD Architecture. this publication. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. AutoCAD MEP. Inc. or parts thereof. All rights reserved. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Published by: Autodesk.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful