Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

the display shows editable distances and angles. Distances can be adjusted at any time. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. intersections. midpoints) and relationships (vertical.When sketching walls. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

Software Tools .Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. roofs. floors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. section. elevation. stairs. furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. Other building elements such as doors. and 3D views. You can add building elements in plan. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . windows.

windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. In the illustration shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown.

In essence.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Engineering. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Place a predefined Mass family. s Constrain placement of objects. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. and Language Arts. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. engineering.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. and math standards. Technology. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM).

such as distance requirements from roadways. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. owner. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. A designer. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. and curtain systems. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. quickly. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.Software Tools . you can create in-place masses.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. size. walls. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. and then converted into building components such as floors. or masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. There are mass families available to load into a project. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. roofs. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. or within. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . walls. masses.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and Language Arts. engineering.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and symbol heads. technology. Engineering. Technology. tags. Annotation includes text notes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Recognize temporary dimensions. legends. and math standards. s Explain the use of dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions.

Software Tools .Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular. radial. Permanent dimensions can be linear. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model.Software Tools . 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson.Software Tools . Technology. Engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Work with tool buttons. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. engineering. and Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and math standards. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. technology. s Open and use ribbon tabs. and Language Arts. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. the Type Selector.

they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. doors. Display and Navigation s 31 . windows. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. for instance. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. beams.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. and rooms. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Its position is fixed.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. slabs.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. and foundations. trusses. columns. braces. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. detailing.

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The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

Software Tools . and inquiry. and parameters. Context tabs display as you work. copy/paste. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. materials. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close. Open. Save.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.Software Tools . Legends. and groups. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . families. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. schedules. with four elevation markers visible. sheets.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model.Software Tools . click the User Interface button located on the View tab. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . cropping. sun settings. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. Windows panel on the ribbon. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. shadow display. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. level of detail.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. rendering (in 3D views). Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. A check mark indicates it is visible. visual style.

To change the scale of a view. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. but not at Coarse. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Display and Navigation s 43 .

Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded with Edges.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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which can be according to the view. sun and shadow intensity. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. date and time. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

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The Render control is active in 3D views. shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Once elements have been hidden.Software Tools .Crop region selected. the view window displays a colored border. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

along with other display settings. These controls.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them.

Nine tabs are available: Home. Manage and Modify. Collaborate. Display and Navigation s 55 . The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. To activate or open a view. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Massing & Site. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Annotate. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. View. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Structure. Insert. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 57 . Properties Palette.Context Tabs. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. the Options Bar may display below it. showing options that you can select while you are working. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. When a context tab is active. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. If you select items in the view window.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 .

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. File Close only appears on the application menu. Click a file name to open that file. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. the application menu. and Publish. File Save. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. such as File Open. The application menu contains file management controls. Display and Navigation s 65 . Export. Print. New File.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. If you select the menu option. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. To start a new project. make the Home tab active. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. or click New > Project from the application menu. 2. After you have examined each of them. Display and Navigation s 67 . Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Do this for other tabs. 3. The completed exercise 4. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. On the ribbon.

68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. and then viewed. In this exercise. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Icons for panels display below tab titles. you opened a project file. Select Cycle Through All. They disappear when you move the cursor away.5. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. Close the file without saving. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. 6. 7.Software Tools . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

You worked on this file in Getting Started. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Open quick_start_building_elements. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.rvt. In the Project Browser. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Exercise 2. 2. doubleclick the view name. The file opens to a 3D view. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Display and Navigation s 69 . Quick Start for Revit Architecture. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.

4. Click OK. On the Properties palette. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 6. The Modify | Doors context tab opens.3. 7. Click any interior wall.Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click Filter panel > Filter. 5. Clear Walls and Doors. . the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. and windows highlight blue. all the walls. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. doors. 8. Click the door in the upper left of the model.

the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Properties palette. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. Display and Navigation s 71 . Click any door. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Place a door as shown. In this exercise. examined the menus and toolbars. 12. you opened a project file. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. click Create panel > Create Similar. On the Modify | Doors context tab.rvt. 10. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements.9. 11.

you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. annotations. System families include levels. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. ceiling plan. mechanical equipment). you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. either predefined or user-created. Pan. lines. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. To review the list of standards for each lesson. In the exercises.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and 3D views using the View menu. schedules. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. Math (STEM). You can create sections.Software Tools . drafting views. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. building elements (walls. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create a new in-place family. operating settings. Technology. and Language Arts. floors). s Load and place component families. Revit provides floor plan. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and views. Engineering. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Work with Revit families. Component families include model objects (furniture. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. templates. display controls. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and elevation views by default.

This lesson relates to science. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. engineering. technology.

Clear the check mark next to Elevations. Open Unit2_building_elements. Click Zoom to Fit. Rightclick in the view window. First. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Four elevation markers are visible. 3.Exercise: View Controls A building model. There is no way to see everything in it.Software Tools . There is also a copy in the course datasets. The display changes.rvt. Click OK. is an extensive database. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 2. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. VG also opens the dialog box. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. The completed exercise Visibility 1. even a small one. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Right-click. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Click Zoom to Fit. Use your keyboard to enter VV.

The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. 7. 6. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. In the Project Browser. click Detail Level. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Select Detail Level: Medium. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. 5. Enter ZF. Right-click.4. Right-click. Zoom to Fit. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. On the View Control Bar. Click Open. There are two parts to an elevation. Select the roof outline. Click Zoom In Region. Click and drag the cursor as shown. so be sure to select them both.

doors and windows are not shown. change the Underlay value to None. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit.8. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Enter VH. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. View Properties 1. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . as before. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab.Software Tools . 2. Turn off visibility of the elevations. Click Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. On the Properties palette.

Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. 4. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. click Edit. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Right-click. Next to View Range. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click OK. and where the cut plane sits. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. enter Roof. For Name. Click Rename. the ridge is now visible.3. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.0".

In the Presets list. Set the time to 9:30 am. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options.Software Tools . click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field.Graphic Display Options 1. Accept the location that activates. select Still. In the dialog box that opens. select Winter Solstice. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Shading with Edges. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. select Shadows On. 3. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Open Elevation view South. 2. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 4. 5. under Solar Study.

Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Save the file as Unit2_views. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. The elevation shadows update. 6. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rvt. In this exercise.

furniture). The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. Open Unit2_views. windows. you open an existing project file. and place Revit families. such as levels. Build panel. Doors are considered standard family entities. 3. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. commercial. and families in place. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. is predefined within Revit. and floors. windows. and furniture. These components are called families and there are several different types. load. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. roofs. You add closet doors to interior walls. 2. In Revit. Doors. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. walls. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This exercise illustrates how you locate. Additionally. or institutional structures. lights. and so on. and annotations are examples of standard families. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. There are system families. or stand-alone (for example.rvt. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture.Software Tools . click Door. On the Home tab. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. doors and windows are dependent on walls). s A system family. furniture. floors.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. standard families. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. railings. and use a Revit family to place a door.

Click Open. 5. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . It has a number of different sizes defined. Click Open. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). As you move your cursor near any wall.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. and Annotation. Tag panel. You click to place an instance of the door family. Accept the default size. 4.rvt. On the Modify | Place Door tab. Project files have a file extension of *. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. If you highlight a door family. The Door Insertion tool stays active. Family files have a file extension of *. Locate Double Panel 2. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rfa. s s 6. Click the Doors folder.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Furniture.

but not strongly. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . loaded. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Place two more instances of the door as shown. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. you located. In this exercise. Place an instance of the door as shown. 9.Software Tools . An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. 8.rvt. simply click it. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again.7. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. and placed instances of a door family.

This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name. click Duplicate.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Open Unit2_doors_walls. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. and create an in-place family. The required width is not available.rvt. Click OK. 5. 4. Select the double door as shown. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 2. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. 3. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . you open an existing project file. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.

On the Home tab. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. click Component > Model In-Place. Build panel. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. enter Hall Clock.6. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 4. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. For Name. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 2. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. In the dialog box. Click OK. set the Extrusion End value to 6". Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. 5.Software Tools . The door updates. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 1. is to create a component family in place. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. 3. select Generic Models. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Working with Views and Objects s 85 . In this exercise. click Rectangle. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. and placed a door family. 11. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".2". The exact dimensions and location are not critical.0' 2". Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .4" as shown. 8. 12. The family model updates. On the Draw panel. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions.6. Revit will display . You have created the base of the clock. Click OK. 13. 7. as shown. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 10. 9. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. you located.rvt. loaded. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is Moore's Law. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is binary math.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

Go to View > View Name in the menu. Zoom to the entire model. Right-click. True b. False 5. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. c. tab. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Adjust Visual Style Options. s Change type properties of a family. Views can be renamed. s Change view properties. d. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . a. d. depending on the template selected.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. load. d. c. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. a. s Create an in-place model family. a. 7. Spin the model in 3D space. and click Open. False 4. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. True b.Software Tools . Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. Zoom in Region is used to: a. 6. Create a 3D perspective view. Each project has several predefined views. To activate a view: a. True b. b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Open different views. a. c. The tool shown is used to: a. Questions 1. context tabs. Either a or b. s Change view displays. True b. s Access. b. and place a family from a library. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. False 2. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. and Options Bar. Turn on Shadows. False 3.

8. A family created within a project is called ________________. depending on settings 9. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Scroll d. Properties palette 10. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Pan and Zoom b. Project Browser d. System c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. Blocks c. etc. Parts d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Standard b. Families 11.) are called: a. windows. Rotate c. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. Multiview b. In-Place d. All of the above. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Graphics Display Options dialog box c.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 9. 2. 5. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 8.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create a project template. s Create dimensions and text. Lesson Plan 1. 3.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. s Set project units. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 4. s Duplicate and modify views. 7. you will be able to: s Select a project template. s Create labels. Review Revit Architecture setup. s Create dimension and text styles. 6.

The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. defining the layers. based on the AIA standards. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. colors.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named.org. Many cities and counties have their own rules. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. and Language Arts. Engineering. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.aias. Explain why templates are used. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . linetypes.aia. linetypes. Visit the AIAS website at www. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.Standards and Building Codes . and the settings that are preset within them. and so forth. Visit the AIA website at www. colors. should be used. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).org. Technology.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .

A garage must be completely enclosed. it must have at least one door. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. and so on. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. defined and adopted by convention. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. otherwise it is considered a carport. If it lacks any of these components. like mechanical drawing. A unit is a particular physical quantity. If there is a fire. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. a bathroom.Standards and Building Codes . The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. doors. and so on. and one closet. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. windows. one window. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. it cannot be called a bedroom. a garage. For example. the number being its numerical value. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a common area (such as a living room or family room).

is 169 m. In architectural drafting.For example. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. glass. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. such as room size and wall height. or imperial. the construction industry still uses the English. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . unit symbol m. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. units are applied to dimensions. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. using imperial units. Here h is the physical quantity. is 555 ft. also known as the International System of Units. in the United States. its value is expressed in the unit meter. and other materials. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. unit symbol ft. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. However. system (inches and feet) to order lumber... Another method is to apply dual notation. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large.

QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). Each size is designated by a letter. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.Standards and Building Codes . Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. sheets. line weight and pattern. In Revit Architecture. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. and viewports. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.Scales are ratios.) 8. every 1/8" would represent 1'. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". for example 1/8" = 1'-0".5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. one value representing another value. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.

symbols. notes Demolition. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.01. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. temporary Schedules Sections.a modified version of the AIA standard. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. elevators. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. You create and position views. site plan.01. The integers go from 0 to 9. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . and then add a title block or other symbols. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.

Standards and Building Codes . and other relevant information.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and so on. the date drawn. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. The paper is oriented landscape. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The column is divided into sections. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. drawing scales. fonts. the author of the drawing. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. Usually. that is. annotation plot sizes. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. the HVAC company. followed by information on the building's owner. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. The next space is for tracking revisions. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. For example. Typically. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. and layer standards. so that the height is less than the width. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. the electrician.

The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. title blocks. layer settings. and so forth. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. These can be used to build your model. Technology. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . views. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Engineering. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. dimension styles. Math (STEM). You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and walls.Standards and Building Codes . and Language Arts. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units.

Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. engineering.

click New > Project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.Standards and Building Codes . Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. or store. In the New Project dialog box. 3. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. apartments. 2.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. factory. click Browse. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. you create a new project file using a template. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. On the application menu. Select a Template 1. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you use templates as starting points. Condominiums. In Revit.

Select the Residential-Default. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Settings s 103 . You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. saving set up time. On the application menu.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. Click OK. you started a new project file using a standard template. click Close to close this project without saving. 5. Click Open. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. In this exercise.4. 6.

rvt. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Standards and Building Codes . Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. Click to start a new wall. Build panel. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. expand Floor Plans under Views. In the courseware datasets folder. open ADA__Settings. s Place the cursor over the left wall. The Wall tool remains active. Pull the cursor to the right. 3. Press ESC to cancel the wall.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. click Wall. In the Project Browser. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 2. the drawing setup options are preset. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. The file opens to a 3D view. In this exercise.

s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Close the file without saving. s Set Unit symbol to m. 7. click to start a new wall. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click Format for Length. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Settings s 105 . 5.4. and move the cursor right. 8.) s Select Suppress Training 0's.) 6. In this exercise. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Click OK twice to save the setting change. Place the cursor over the left wall.

rvt. Click OK. enter Big Text. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Annotate tab. create. Temporary dimensions display when you select. there are two types of dimensions. or insert components. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. temporary and permanent. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. 3. Dimension panel. but also control the size and location of objects.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. 1. Open ADA_Dimensions. By default. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. click Duplicate.Standards and Building Codes . Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. dimensions not only display. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type. 4. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 2. click Aligned. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar.

Settings s 107 . In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Select the top. s Set Text Size to 3/16". and bottom horizontal walls. left. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Click OK twice. 6. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Click to place.5. 7.

In this exercise.8. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. 9. Click to place the dimension. The Dimension tool stays active. you opened an existing file. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s s s Select the far left. Close the file without saving. created a new dimension style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. and far right vertical walls. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.

Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. and the view window displays the new plan. Settings s 109 . place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations. 2. There are no annotations visible. In the Project Browser. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In the datasets folder. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Notice the door and window tags. 3. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In order to do this. Right-click. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate.rvt. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans.

Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Double-click to open it. Click OK. 1. Model Categories tab. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click OK to update the display of this view. 7. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 8. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. click Project Information. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. 5. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view.4. 9. select Floor Plan: Level 1. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 6. In the Project Browser. On the Manage tab. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click Rename.Standards and Building Codes . Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Settings panel. In the Project Browser.

In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Enter the address as shown. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click OK.) 3. Settings s 111 . 2. click Edit. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. You can also enter the address of your school. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 2. Rightclick. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. Click New Sheet. In the Value column of Project Address. 3. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.Add a Sheet 1. or supply your own values: Click OK.

Next. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.4. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Click Apply. Notice the change to the title block. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. 5. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click in the view. 3. Select Deactivate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Select the new viewport. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 2. Settings s 113 . 4. Click Activate View. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click.

s Added a sheet. The view updates on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Finish the move. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. Close the file without saving. The Scale updates in the title block. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. 6.5. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Place the cursor 7. you: select it. s Placed a view on the sheet. of the sheet. deselect it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.

Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.5. Settings s 115 . Start Revit Architecture. This is one of the longer exercises. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. Select A-11x8.rft. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. click New > Titleblock. On the application menu. Click Open.5 title block template opens. 4. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 3. It opens to the Recent Files window. A copy of the 11 x 8. 2.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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click Save to save the title block. Save the title block as A . Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. Accept the Sample Value. On the application menu. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Right-click. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. 15. Accept the Sample Value.Standards and Building Codes . Add a label for Sheet Number.Landscape.rfa. s Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. 12. select Drawn By.9. 10. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. you created a title block using a template file. s Click Add. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Checked By. In this exercise. click Close. 14. 11. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. On the Quick Access toolbar. Accept the Sample Value. 13. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window. Your title block is now displayed in the list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. click New to create a new project using the default template. 4. In the Recent Files window. Highlight the title block and click OK. Insert a Title Block 1. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Settings s 125 . Locate your title block. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Click Open. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. On the View tab. 5. you create a new project file. 3.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 2.

Click OK. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Settings panel. enter Student Project Unit 3.Standards and Building Codes . In this exercise. 6. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 2. s For Drawn By. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. 4. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. click Project Information. 5. enter your instructor's name. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. you a created a new project file. 3. On the Manage tab.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. enter your name. Select the title block. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. s For Checked By.

1. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. 2. and geometry from the template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. On the Insert tab. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. including how the rendered image looks. and slope angle. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. select Project Template. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. and then load them like families. settings. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. In the New Project dialog box. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . you define the title block. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. such as 3D and plan views. click New > Project. angles. Click OK. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. a dimension style. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. you create a new project file. In this exercise.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. in addition to predefined wall types. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Create a Template In this exercise. and the units for your custom template. On the application menu. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Families: Load in families you use most often. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. There are various settings you can define for your template. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. 3.

For Name. 7.Standards and Building Codes . click Duplicate.4. Open the title block A . On the Annotate tab. Set the units for the template. There will be no visible change. create a Dimension Style.Landscape. Next. 6. Click OK twice. Click OK. 5. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". In the Type Properties dialog box.rfa. On the Manage tab. enter 3/16" Verdana. You create a custom dimension style. click Settings panel > Project Units. Click the Length field in the Format column. 10. 9. 8.

Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Rightclick. Click OK. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. In the Project Browser. Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. On the Properties palette.11. 15. Select the A . select Sheets (All). Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Click New Sheet. 14. Settings s 129 . 12.

Standards and Building Codes . The title block updates. Save the file name as A-English template. Save your project template in your class project folder.16. as well as dimension style and units. In this exercise. you created a new template file using a dimension style. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . title block. 17. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Click OK. You can use this template for future projects.rte. and units that you defined.

abstract format. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. are constantly being developed by the building industry. or new combinations of existing materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .

1:12 c.05 c. s Create dimensions. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. AIA b. Using AIA Standards. True b. A particular physical quantity. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. Metric d. NCTM d. a. General Questions 1.02 b. s Change lineweight. P. A unit 4. S. s Create text. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Create a template. s Create a title block. dimension styles. is defined as what? a. a.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. and symbols used in drawing? a. A. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". NCSESA 2. you learned to: s Set units in a file. An architect b. UBC c.02 d.Standards and Building Codes . s Change dimension colors. s Create a dimension style. A. English c. 1:3 b. s Create a text style. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. False 3. 1:32 5. 1:24 d. a. s Create labels.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. True b. To create a new sheet. a. Point offsets 3. By default. True b. Application menu > Properties b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Application menu > New > Sheet b. False 6. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Wall faces b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. a. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. you click: a. In Revit Architecture. dimensions snap to: a. False 4. Wall midpoints d. To set the units in a project. To change the scale of a view. True b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Wall centerlines c. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. you use: a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

3. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 6. 5.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Align walls. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 2. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students.

Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. List the different types of occupancy. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. separate. or filling in between. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. their construction and materials. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and protect its interior spaces.Walls . or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. them. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. After completing this lesson.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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It will not print. click it to open an edit field. Walls s 151 . but it disappears when you begin another action. Stud.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Click to set the endpoint. As you continue to move the cursor. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. a dashed line displays. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Expand the Type Selector list. After you create the wall. 4. indicating wall length. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Select the Single Line option. Enter 10. 5. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. an angular dimension displays. Clear the Chain option. To modify a dimension. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal.Brick on Mtl. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. the dimension updates incrementally. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.3. This temporary dimension controls the wall length.

enter 7. click Modify to stop placing walls. Click to start the next wall.Walls . A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Select panel. The wall does not show any internal detail. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 7. On the View Control Bar. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Depending on your zoom in the view. Press ENTER. After setting the vertical wall's direction. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. On the Modify | Walls tab. click the Detail Level icon. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Click the wall. 8. click Create Similar.6. Create panel. the controls may sit on top of one another.

the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Click Modify. Notice that two dimensions display. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Walls s 153 . Select the right vertical wall. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. an alignment line displays. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Also. 10. no matter where you move the cursor. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension.9. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. release the mouse button to set a new length.

12. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 14. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.11. On the Home tab. Build panel. When using the Chain option. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click Cancel. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Select the lower vertical wall. click Wall. 13. 15. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall.Walls . This is the same as clicking Modify. Right-click. Sketch the walls as shown. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 16. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Repeat. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows.

Select the Three Point Arc tool. Clear the Chain option. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Create Similar again. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually.18. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Click Modify. 17. 19. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls.rvt. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". After clicking the second end. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Walls s 155 . 20.

Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. and extend walls. 2. You now remove the upper right corner. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Both split walls are shown below. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. This exercise illustrates how to split. Split Walls 1.rvt from the previous exercise. trim. Only part of the wall highlights. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. you first split the walls at the intersections. Click Modify. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. align. To do this. 3.Walls . Do the same for the vertical wall. fillet. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 4. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown.

To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Enter 5'. Modify panel. click Create Similar.Fillet Walls 1. Create panel. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 4. This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Undo and repeat the steps. Walls s 157 . You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. 5. On the Modify | Wall tab. If you make a mistake. 2. Select any wall. You can also click the flip control. On the Options Bar. Click Fillet Arc. On the Modify | Walls tab. click Delete. select Radius. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. 3. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation.

Place an interior wall as shown. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. The Wall tool is still active. 1. 2. You align the wall in the next steps. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 3.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. select Basic Wall: Interior .

The length is not critical. Walls s 159 .4. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Pull the cursor straight up. clear Chain. such as location lines. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s On the Options Bar. Click to create a wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.

2. This will extend to the border. 3. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the two interior walls in turn. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.Walls . Select the vertical wall as shown.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 5. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will be the border. 6. The length is not critical. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 4. The walls can cross. Select the horizontal wall as shown.

7. In this exercise. align. Walls s 161 . and trim. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. fillet.

click Edit Type. and vary in cost. Select the Exterior wall as shown. In the Project Browser. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 2. 1. On the Properties palette.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 3. satisfy different requirements. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The Modify tool is active by default.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction.Walls .

They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. the wall structure should be as shown. Click OK. To edit the structure of the wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. For Name. Walls s 163 . Every layer of a wall. s Click the arrow at the right. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. When you are finished. 7.4. s Click Up. 6. Add two additional layers to the wall. except Core Boundary. 8. enter 8" Insulated Stud. 5. has a Function you can edit. click Edit in the Structure value field. s Click the number of Layer 3. Click Insert twice. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click Down twice.

s Set the Thickness to 5/8".Exterior . which displays plan or section views.Walls . s Set the Material to Wood .9.Stud Layer. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s Click the icon that appears at the right. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Modify the Function. 11. 13. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 12. s Set the Material to Finishes . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Finishes . Click Preview to preview the new wall structure.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Material. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 10. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].Interior Gypsum Wall Board. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.

expand the Families branch. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. On the Properties palette. 16. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select Medium. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 15. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. From the Detail level list. In the Project Browser. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click Apply to update the view. 17.14. Walls s 165 .

All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. Right-click 8" Exterior. Close the file without saving. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.18. 20.Walls . From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure. You opened an existing file. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. In this exercise. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 19.

Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Select one of the Exterior . Stud walls as shown. for example. You can define a wall type with these elements. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. wood rails. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. and a decorated interior surface.Brick on Mtl. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. In this exercise. The model opens in a 3D view.rvt.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. 3. such as a weatherproof outside surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a structural mid-section. 2. The completed exercise Walls s 167 .

To split a layer or region horizontally. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Click Split Region. 7. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You can set the sample height to any value. As indicated in the dialog box title. in the Structure value field. 1. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To define the structure of the wall. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 6. the new regions assume the same material as the original. In this exercise. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. To split a layer or region vertically. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You can assign different materials to regions. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. either horizontally or vertically. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Wall structures are Type Properties. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. When you split a layer. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. 8. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. into regions. You change the type. click Edit. If not already expanded.4. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border.Walls . You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. highlight one of the borders. or you will lose your changes. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 5. so all instances of this type change. You can split regions into other regions. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. 2.

Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. since both regions are composed of the same layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. The upper split disappears. 2. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. In this case. Click to merge them. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material.Brick layer. 3. 4. Walls s 169 . assign Layer 1. When you merge regions. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. After merge.3. 1. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click Merge Regions. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click to split the region into two parts. Click to merge the two layers.

You create a new layer and assign it to a region. 3. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. instead of down. indicating that it is modifiable. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Change the value to 12. 2. 4. 2. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. In the Edit dialog box. s Select the split line. Press ENTER. 1. to the next parallel line. To create a new wall layer. If you set the split offset down from the top. Click Insert. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. Next. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 1. click Modify. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 3. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. After a region is split. you assign the material Masonry Brick . which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5.Walls . Click again to return to the original position. Click the temporary dimension text. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. The dimension text turns blue.

Brick Soldier Course layer. Walls s 171 . Change the Material to Masonry .4. 9. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. 5. 10. In this exercise. Split Region. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 8. Click Assign Layers. The preview changes appearance. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. as shown. it highlights in blue in the preview window. All walls of this type have been changed. and Insert Layer tools. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 6. Merge Region. Modify. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. It immediately highlights in blue. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course. Click OK. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Click OK. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Close the file without saving. It also shows a thickness value. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. because it is now the selected layer. 7. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. When a layer is selected in the table.

ducting.Walls . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. piping. earth. installed. and insulation. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 - Walls

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the view. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Doors and Windows . They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. but also the natural lighting. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. the ventilation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Custom types and sizes can also be built.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

Doors and Windows . An unobstructed opening of 5. The height can be no less than 24".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.

Doors and Windows s 187 . and furniture are defined in family files. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Copy windows. and copy these elements. move. engineering. Some families are loaded into each empty file. In this unit. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and math standards. technology. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. Engineering. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Technology. you learn how to place doors and windows. windows. and how to position. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Components such as doors. s Center a door in a wall.

or 3D view. On the Home tab. Add Doors 1. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Once a door is placed. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. elevation view. When placing doors in a plan view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. 2. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. In other words. 3. click Door. the door swing would be to the left side. To reverse the swing. Build panel.Doors and Windows . This can be done in a plan view. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. To flip the door. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise.

Click Open. walls. except for the Type Selector. 3. From the Type Selector list. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.rfa.Load Families 1. Mode panel. and windows into project files. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. In order to keep file size small. 2. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. With the Door command active. click Load Family. The display does not change. Doors and Windows s 189 . Select the door Double-Panel 2.

Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . From the Type Selector. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 5. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".4. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. If necessary.

change a temporary dimension. Place instances of single doors as shown. If you place a door in the wrong location. Do not add the dimensions. To Doors and Windows s 191 . you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Remember. simply click it and enter the correct value. or by using the swing control arrows. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.6.

7. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .rvt. Save the file as Unit5_doors.

Windows have exterior and interior sides. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Build panel.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. From the Type Selector. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. elevation view. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. When placing windows in a plan view. approach the wall from the right side. To face the outside of the window to the other side. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To reverse the window after performing another operation. On the Home tab. 2. the outside of the window is to the left side. click Modify and select the window.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. Add Windows 1. You can place windows in a plan view. click Window. Open Unit5_doors. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . or 3D view. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry.

Window tags do not number in sequence. In this exercise. 5. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. You do not need to add dimensions. Place seven more windows as shown. placed doors. and placed windows.3. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 4. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you opened an existing project.Doors and Windows .rvt. loaded a door family.

rvt. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. and modify the wall. Dimension panel. you open an existing project file. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. 4. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. s Align and modify walls. place a door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. window. 3. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 1. and so on. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. click Aligned. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. On the Annotate tab. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. 2. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. wall.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise.

Click the lock icon to enable it. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Select the upper wall first.Doors and Windows . 2. Click the right wall. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click the center of the door. the other wall will remain aligned. The walls are now aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. 6. 5. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. This means that if one wall shifts. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door changes location. Align Walls 1.s s s s Click the left wall. Notice the symbol.

4. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.) The dimension value is now shown. The walls shift and remain aligned. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 5. Clear the EQ Display value. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Change the dimension to 16. Right-click. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Doors and Windows s 197 . The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. 3. Dimensions display below it.

Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . In this exercise. you placed a continuous dimension. 7. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. Right-click.6.Doors and Windows . You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.

Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 2. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Doors and Windows s 199 . click Create Similar. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 1. 4. especially if there are many different types. On the Modify | Windows tab. Create panel. Select one of the windows located in the east wall.rvt. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. In this exercise.

2. 3. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 4. Select the window you just placed. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. The window is copied. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The window will change appearance.Copy Windows 1. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Copy.Doors and Windows . Modify panel.

rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. 6. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. In this exercise.5.

Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. cold. The stability of glass in response to wind.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.

a. 40" d. 32" b. s Copy a door or window. False 2. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. s Place a window. Custom 3. 28" b. 30" c. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. 34" 4. If a room is used for sleeping. 32" d. General Questions 1. a. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window. Standard b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 36" c. True b. you learned to: s Place doors. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a.

False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Right-click. Duplicate d. True b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Load c. A reference plane b. Select the door. Clone b. Use door grips to reposition. Select the door. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. 6. Copy 8. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. you use ________. a. True b. you use: a. c. a. Select the door. True b. d. Click Door Properties. To change the location of a door or window. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Door and window tags are placed automatically. Click Modify > Flip Direction. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click Door Properties. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. b. a. d. Properties 3. To center a door or window in a wall. a. Insert d.Doors and Windows . but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. False 5. 4. Offset c. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. The center snap 7. Load from Library b. Link c. Select the door. a. Click the appropriate blue arrows. c. Click Flip Direction. False 2. you: a. Click the temporary dimension to be changed.

2. s Create railings. 6. you will be able to: s Create stairs. 3.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Evaluate students. s Modify stair boundaries. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. Lesson Plan 1. 4. Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 .

Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. After completing this lesson. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . List the different stair types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. stair and railing types.

Math (STEM). About Stairs and Railings s 207 . engineering. and math standards. Technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. This lesson relates to technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Once the actual riser height is determined. Then. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Due to building code. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. This saves space when changing direction.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings .Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.

About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Doors should swing the direction of egress. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". but not more than 2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements.

As you move the cursor. You create stairs in a plan view. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. of certain horizontal depth or run. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. and spiral stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. Technology. engineering. For safety reasons. which includes elevators. L-shaped runs with a landing. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. or vertical circulation. This lesson relates to technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. and stairs. To review the list of standards for each lesson. In multistory buildings. s Modify stairs. s Add a railing. Engineering. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. ramps. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. and math standards. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. or tread. s Create U-shaped stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. U-shaped stairs. You can define straight runs. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Stairs and Railings . the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs.

open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise.rvt. This file is in metric units.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. On the Properties palette. 3. Before you create the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 217 . This enables you to place the stairs properly. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. From the courseware datasets folder. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. you create stairs using a straight run. Zoom in Region to the lobby.

You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. These tools are used to define your stairs. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . Run is preselected. Click OK to close the dialog box. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. 5.4. you create a straight run. In this case. On the Home tab. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. click Stairs. Circulation panel.

You can also enter a distance of 4400. Stairs and Railings s 219 . To change the run dimension. 9. 8. 10. Revit displays the number of risers you created. select Finish (green check). The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. the run footprint stops expanding. Select this intersection point to start your run. You can continue to move the cursor up. 7. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. If you have not fully created the run. and then click to define the run of stairs. As you move the cursor up. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400.6. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. On the Mode panel. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display.

In this exercise. click application menu > Save As > Project. 13. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. 12. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.11. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. you created and placed a straight run stair.rvt. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. and switched to a 3D view. To avoid overwriting the original file.

click Align. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2.rvt. Edit panel. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. On the Modify tab. 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. The stair is not centered on the landing. Activate view Floor Plans. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Level 1.

Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Take time to make the selections correctly. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . from the Prefer list. Click the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . 5. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. You can rotate your model to get a better view. The Align command remains active. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. If you have a scroll mouse. select Wall centerlines. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow.4. which is located at the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Click the center of the wall first.

As you prehighlight them. In the Project Browser. Hover the cursor over the railing. enter Lobby Stairs.6. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 7. 8. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. expand Sections (Building Section). On the Properties palette. railings were created with the stairs. Graphics. s For Name. On the Properties palette. Change Width to 1350. click Edit Type. 9. s Click OK. s Click Duplicate. Select the stairs. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. and Dimensions subsections. study the instance parameters under the Constraints.

10.Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings.

s Select the stairs (not a railing). click Edit Sketch. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Next. Mode panel. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The stair changes to the run sketch. 14. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. In the Type Selector. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Delete this line. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. you change the shape of the stairs.12. s Zoom in on the stairs. The railings change. 13. Click it to select it. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Stairs and Railings s 225 .

15. 19. Click to place the arc. click Boundary. 18. 16. click the left end of the top riser.Stairs and Railings . To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the second arc endpoint. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click Modify. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. s Select the arc boundary you just created. s On the Modify panel. 17. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. On the Draw panel.

Delete the first (bottom) riser line. 20. For the third point. Stairs and Railings s 227 . On the Draw panel. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the endpoint of the left boundary.21. First. click Riser. Click to exit the Mirror command. Next. select the endpoint of the right boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. the arc center point.

click Finish.22. You also modified the properties of a railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. 23. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. In this exercise. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.Stairs and Railings .rvt. Open the {3D} view to see the results.

This is typically done in plan view. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you need to define a path for the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you add a railing to a second floor landing. In this case. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Therefore. s s Sketch a Railing 1. 3. For simple railings.rvt from the previous exercise. you sketch the plan view path.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. Click Modify. 2. To make sure you are selecting the railing. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Select the right side railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. The completed exercise To create a railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Zoom into the landing area as shown.

Select Finish to exit the railing definition. click Line. s s On the Options Bar. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . select Chain. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Once the railing is selected. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. You do not need to add dimensions.4. 6. Then. Mode panel. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. The dimensions are shown as a guide. On the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . 7. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. edit the temporary dimension. To set the exact distance. on the Modify | Railings tab. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. click Edit Path. 5.

rvt. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. 9. 8. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete your lines and try again. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. you used sketch tools to create a railing. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Stairs and Railings s 231 .s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing.

Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1.rvt from the previous exercise. 2. Create a Reference Plane 1. s On the Options Bar. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. you create a reference plane. set the Offset value to 850. In this exercise. the stairs appear as a U-shape. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In a floor plan view. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Home tab.Stairs and Railings . Work Plane panel. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.

4. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. change the Width parameter to 900. 3. 5. Circulation panel.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter Exit Stairs. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Click OK twice. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Matte 2. On the Home tab.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. For Name. Click OK. 6. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Stairs and Railings s 233 . or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Dark Gray. Pull the cursor straight up. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. click Stairs. To start sketching the run.

9. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Press ENTER. enter 1925. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads).Stairs and Railings . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.7. Click to place the first run. 8. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer to the right. If you have trouble making the correct distance display.

On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. but they are hidden behind walls. On the Stairs panel. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Select the two walls of the stair tower. you select Continue to return the sketch. it is because you have overlapping lines. Click Finish Stairs again.10. 2. Remove the additional lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. You want to inspect your stairs. click Finish Stairs. 11. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. If you get an error message. Stairs and Railings s 235 . To remove the lines. On the View Control bar.

The exterior walls reappear. In this exercise. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs.rvt. Select the stairs so they highlight. 6. 5. On the Properties palette. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . and to create a U-shaped stair. The walls are now hidden. 3. 2. you learned to create a reference plane. On the View Control Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Zoom in to see your stairs. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. This is a multistory stair.3. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 4. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Reset the Display 1. Finally.

ramps. and elevators. escalators. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

smoke guards. Include landings as required by your local building code. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today.Stairs and Railings . s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. and deliver riders without wait time. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. this openness makes them fire hazards. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. They cost less. but they can also be highly decorative. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level.

36" d. 90 degrees d. 25 degrees b. 32" c. 45 degrees c. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. General Questions 1. 30" b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. True b. and all treads should be the same run. False 2. 40" 4. s Create railings. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. you learned to: s Create stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. s Modify stair boundaries. a. True b. 180 degrees 3. b.

Treads. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. Align Railing d. risers b. Attach Railing c. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a.Stairs and Railings . Circle 4. Fasten Railing 5. you use the _______ option.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. True b. risers and treads. Manage d. False 6. Modify c. a. Boundary lines. that is. Line b. Home b. Insert 2. Rectangle c. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Pick New Host b. riser d. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. True b. risers 3. You can apply materials to different stair components. Run. riser lines c. To create railings on stairs without railings. Railings. a. Arc d.

Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 5. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 6. s Place fascia. (Student) 8. (Student) 9. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 4. Evaluate Students. (Student) 10. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Lesson Plan 1.

roof types. Calculate the rise. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight.Roofs . It addresses roof construction. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Identify the different roof types. After completing this lesson. tiles. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. gutters. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. and downspouts. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch of a sloped roof. run.

s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. engineering. and math standards. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Engineering. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . Math (STEM). s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Rake: The inclined. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. and Language Arts.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Sloped roofs. About Roofs s 245 . Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. rot. These are used more often on upscale homes. the roofing pattern. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. both low and steep. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and sunlight. and color. brands. texture. durability. and colors. snow. resistance to wind and fire. resulting in at least one textured face. durability. resistance to wind and fire. the roofing pattern. maintenance. and if visible. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. They come in several types. are designed for shedding water and snow. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and color. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and low maintenance roofing material. fire-resistant. You can use them for many different applications. maintenance. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. as well as how effective a shelter it is. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and if visible. and sun. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. texture.

When choosing the insulation for your job. quality. Therefore. Unfortunately. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. or corrugated structural glass. and so forth). A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. zinc alloy. galvanized steel. They are fire-resistant.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern.Roofs . special characteristics (for example. reinforced plastic. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. and require little maintenance. choose a type that will suit your needs. durable. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . odor. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. fiberglass. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. galvanized steel. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. This same roof on a clear. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. consider such factors as cost. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. treatment for insects. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. The slope usually leads to interior drains.

Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. the requirements for underlayment.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. run. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. A number indicates the value of the rise. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. where as. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. The run value is typically equal to 12. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical.

and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 on 12. try to specify standard roof pitch.Roofs . 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7-12. 7 to 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 and 12.When designing a roof. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. you can add gutters. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. or ice. s Create a roof fascia. that convey rainwater to drains. Once you create a roof.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. water. s Place gutters. s Create a hip roof. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. s Assign roof structure and materials. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. snow. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. s Create various roof types. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. often supporting a gutter. and fascia. Roofs s 255 . To create a roof by face. or roof overhangs. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. dormers. or eaves. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. soffits. To create a roof by the extrusion method. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint.

Engineering. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Roofs . and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Technology. and math standards. engineering. technology.

4. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. Open ADA_Roofs. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. 2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. you create an extruded roof. 3..Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . and then extruded by applying a thickness value. select the Name option. Click OK to continue. To create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box.

A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. click Ref Plane. Before sketching the roof's profile.Roofs . 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Open View. Draw panel. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. s Use the image below for guidance. On the Work Plane panel. The section view should display as shown. 4. 2. In the Go To View dialog box.5. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. 6. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. click Line. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. select Section: Section 1. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. 3.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. 5. Using a positive offset value. s Select the new dimension.6. Roofs s 259 . Using the image below for guidance. s Click the EQ toggle. s Click Modify.

1. 2. Right-click.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Click OK.Roofs . Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. 7. 5. 4. s On the Options Bar. for Name. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. click Line. enter Horizontal. 3. 6. click Finish (green check). The name displays when you select the reference plane. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Mode panel. you can label them. click Chain. Click Modify. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool.

12" type. Roofs s 261 .8. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Switch to a 3D view.

The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. On the Modify tab. carefully select the far right roof edge. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 3. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. This is a two-step process. click Join/Unjoin Roof.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion.Roofs . 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Using the images for guidance. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 1. 2. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Edit Geometry panel.

open the view Sections: Section 1. Select the roof. However.4. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. On the Modify Wall panel. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. select Attach Wall: Top. click Attach: Top/ Base. To select both walls together. Roofs s 263 . In the Project Browser. 2. 3. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. This will join the wall tops to the roof. On the Options Bar. Select both walls. Trim Walls 1.

rvt. 5. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion.Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. The roof now looks correct. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. Switch to a 3D view. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof.

The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. by Footprint. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . from existing walls. Unit7_first_roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. On the Home tab. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. so you look straight down as in a plan. 3. a dialog box is displayed. In this exercise. From the drop-down list. The inner loops define openings in the roof. Build panel. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Because you are in a 3D view. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. 4. select Garage Roof. 1. you create a gable roof using a footprint.rvt. Click Yes. The footprint sketch is created at 2.

8. s On Options Bar. click Pick Walls. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. Next. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .0".Roofs . This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. If you place a line on the wrong side.5. select the vertical wall on the left. clear the Defines slope option. click Defines Slope. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 7. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. 6. Use the image below for guidance.

change the value to 6"/12". the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. The new roof displays.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Click Modify. 2. By default. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Roofs s 267 . That value displays next to the slope arrow. defining lines separately. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 1. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. To complete the roof. Change this value to 6"/12". click Finish. 3. click Yes. Other controls also display. Select the left slope defining line. Click the 9"/12" text. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the right side roof line. It becomes an editable field.

Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.Roofs .4. In this exercise. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

4. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. Build panel. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. you create a gable roof using a footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. set the overhang to 1' 0". On Home tab. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. 2. The file opens to a 3D view. 3. To chain-select all of the walls. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. click to select them. When all of the walls prehighlight. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney.rvt. Roofs s 269 . Clear Defines Slope. On the Options Bar.

Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan.Roofs . As an alternate. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 4. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Create a Roof Opening 1. On the Draw panel. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Rectangle. 2. Right-click. Using the image for guidance. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area. 3.

click Yes. 3. select the Defines Slope. Click Finish. As in the previous exercise. Click Modify. 6. select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. 2. horizontal line. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. On the Options Bar. The slope indicator displays. Select the uppermost. 5. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete.Add Slope Lines 1. Roofs s 271 . Select the left lower horizontal line. 4.

Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. attached walls.Roofs . you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. and chimney penetration. 8.rvt. In this exercise.7.

you create a hip roof. Roofs s 273 . 5. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. set Overhang to 2' . Build panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create the Roof 1. 2.0". Zoom into the area shown. Select Defines Slope. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.rvt. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. The file should open to a 3D view. 4. 3. On the Options Bar. Select the three walls shown in the image.

Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 3. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building.0". change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Right-click the ViewCube. In addition. On the Properties palette. Raise the Roof 1. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.Roofs . 2. Click Finish to complete the roof.7. Click OK. click Line. Switch to a 3D View. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. To close the roof sketch. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you use the Line tool. 6. s On the Draw panel.

Roofs s 275 . click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.

Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. In this exercise.rvt. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .2. and then joined it to a wall.

you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 7. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. The file should open to a 3D view. On the Draw panel. Roofs s 277 . Create a Shed Roof 1. 4. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. click Line.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Clear Defines Slope. 2. 5. 6. 3. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".rvt. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.

Set the Slope to 6" / 12".Roofs . Click Modify. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Right-click the line. On the Properties palette. 12. 9.8. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Click Toggle Slope Defining. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 13. Select the lower. 11. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Set the Offset to 0' 0". 10.

rvt. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view. 15. 16. Finish the Roof. Roofs s 279 . 18. 17. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Click OK.14. you created a shed roof using a footprint.

On the menu bar. Cutoff Level list. select Level 3. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 3.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 2. The roof updates. 4. 5. Activate the view North Elevation. You see four levels defined in the model. Select the Roof.rvt. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. On the Properties palette.Roofs . The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open the Default 3D view.

Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Select the inner rectangle as shown. select Defines Slope. click Pick Lines. 9. On the Draw panel. To set the slope for the new roof. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Home tab. Finish the Roof. On the Options Bar. Roofs s 281 . 10. set the slope value to 3"/12". 13. 11. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. Switch to a 3D View. 12. 8. In this exercise. on the Properties palette. 7.rvt.6. Zoom and spin to see your model.

The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Select the main roof over the house.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 1. thereby reducing energy consumption. 3. The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 2. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. In the Type Selector. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Roofs . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise.rvt.

click Edit. 4. 2. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Roofs s 283 . Click Insert to add a layer. For Name. For Structure Value. s Click OK. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. Select Layer 2 as shown. 5. click Duplicate. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. It is a generic roof type. enter Clay Tile. click Edit Type. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 3. Select the roof over the garage.Define a Roof Structure 1.

rvt. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Click OK to exit the dialog box. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Click OK twice. 8.Roofs . s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". The garage roof displays a pattern. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.s s s In the Materials dialog box. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. select Model. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK. 6. 7. In this exercise. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer.

to support a gutter. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. click Roof > Fascia. or for decoration. Click Open. On the Insert tab. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. In the Open dialog box. Roofs s 285 . The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 2.rfa. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge.rvt. On the Home tab.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. 3. 4. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. In this exercise.

s Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. for Profile. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click Duplicate.Paint Finish Ivory. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.5. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . Set the Material value to Metal . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. Click OK. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. click Edit Type. 6. Matte.

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia.rvt.8. In this exercise. 9. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.

under Profile parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.rvt.Bevel: 5" x 5". Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. select Gutter . The file should open to a 3D view.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Place Gutters In this exercise. Click OK. s Click Duplicate. On the Home tab. 1. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box.Roofs . The completed exercise 4. click Edit Type. click Roof > Gutter. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. select Metal Aluminum. Under Material parameter. Click OK. 6. 3. so as not to detract from the design of the building. For Name. 5. you add gutters to a building.

the gutter displays on the wrong side. Segments will clean up at corners. you attached gutters to a roof. 11. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Save the file as Unit7_gutters.rvt.7. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. 10. 9. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 8. Roofs s 289 . If you click the interior face. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. In this exercise.

heat. water. and cold. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function.Roofs . Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.

m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.

Shed 4. a. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Gable b. True b. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel d. Medium c. s Place fascia.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Hip c. None of the above 3. True b. High d. a. When referring to roof slope. s Define a roof structure. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a.Roofs . Low b. s Place gutters. the run is always 12. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. General Questions 1. False 2.

extrusion. Footprint b. place a check mark next to: a. a. Add Slope b. d. Change the direction of the slope. True b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Create an opening. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. a. Change the direction of the roof. Turn slopes on or off. a. False 7. a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. pick d. sketch. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. TAB b. Footprint b. 10. DEL d. Activate Slope 9. ______ or _______. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Slope c. a. lines c. Cut/Lengthen c. you use: a. ENTER 4. face b. SHIFT c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Sketch. Extrusion d. a. Footprint. a. Walls. Create Slope d. A compound roof contains layers. profile 2. True b. Walls d. Footprint. Defines Slope c. Expand/Contract 6. Face 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Trim/Extend b. To add a slope to a roofline. False 5. b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Sketch c. Roofs can be created using ______. True b. extrusion. profile. c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Material 8.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create a section view.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create filled regions. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.

Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and special equipment. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. the location of special equipment. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. floor. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. After completing this lesson. In a residential building. cabinetry. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. In a commercial structure. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sections are used to examine the roof. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. bathrooms. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for.Sections and Elevations . the kitchen. and tool racks.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.

Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. Technology. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering.

framing. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. across its narrower dimension.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. t Cross or transverse sections. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. on the long axis of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Methods of construction for the framing crew. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. and are properly cross-referenced. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building.Sections and Elevations . and foundation plans.

full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. unnecessary. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. and steel.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

such as doors and windows. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.Sections and Elevations . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s The position relationship between different elements. it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. For larger elevations. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

the surface covering and underlayment is notated. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. South. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. the titles assigned (North. and then the name of the material. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . shadows. cars. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. this is reversed. The size of the object is listed first. or methods of installation. East. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags." Mfr. Therefore. followed by any additional information about spacing. You may. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. quantity. and so forth. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. however. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. For example. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. For a wood structure. With interior elevations. people. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Unnecessary Information Shades. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. bushes. For siding.

finished floor-to-ceiling heights. It can also be used around doorways and windows. and lip. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The trim is usually glued into place. and other appliances. or linoleum) and the wall. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. doors. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. This is more costly than regular overlay. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. tile. other openings. Hinges are concealed. windows. Molding is usually made of plaster. dishwashers. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. or decorative patterns. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. This is usually done using a topset. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. or a baseboard. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. chamfers. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl.Sections and Elevations . It may have curves. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. coving. and materials used. doors and direction of door swings. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". flush overlay. and special equipment such as toilets. which is a formed pressboard. Molding is normally decorative in nature. wood. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. casements. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". and types of finish materials used. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. shelf arrangements. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. or MDF.

Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Change the section head. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. and a section symbol on all plans. s Place a section view on a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. which you can then add to a sheet. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Create an interior elevation. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Add slope annotations. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan.

This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Once created.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. like an elevation. technology. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Engineering. A section is a horizontal view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. and Language Arts. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. engineering.Sections and Elevations . and math standards. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. or other section view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane.

Sections and Elevations . When you create a section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

Slope is also referred to as pitch. So. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. Details are crucial for effective construction. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. s Add detail notes. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. such as anchor bolts and siding. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. the slope of this roof is 2:12. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Once you create the detail section. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Add structural details. In the example shown. tracing over the existing elements. s Add breaklines as needed. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. In a set of construction documents. The slope is the ratio rise:run.

try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

On the View tab. 3. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. The file opens to a 3D view. Open the file ADA_Sections. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. 2. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. The Section command is available from the View tab. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". The completed exercise 6. Create panel. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. click Section. Create a Section View 1.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise.rvt. 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view.

The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. This is called the crop region. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. 2. The actual location is not critical. and it has control grips to resize it. 3. Section Properties 1.Sections and Elevations . s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. On the Properties palette. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. With the section line selected. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on.

The view is listed in your Project Browser. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In this exercise. The section view updates. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view.rvt. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 7. 8. 6. change Far Clip Offset to 10. When you drew the section line. 5. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. In the Properties palette.4. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Clear Crop Region Visible. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you automatically created a section view.

and Section Head . For Name. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. On the Insert tab. 5. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 7. Section Head .Filled.No Arrow. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Click Open to load the family. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rfa. 2. 3. In this exercise. Select Section Head-Open. Load from Library panel. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 6. On the Manage tab.1 point Filled. The view does not change. In the Type Properties dialog box.Sections and Elevations . Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. enter Open Arrow. 4. Several section head families are available. click Duplicate. They include Section Head .rvt. Settings panel. Click OK. click Load Family. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.

11. The section head updates to the new head type. Save as Unit8_section_open. 10.Open. In the Section Tag field. On the Properties palette.8. 9. enter Open Arrow. In this exercise. For Section Head. 13.rvt. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 14. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Click OK. click Edit Type. Click Duplicate. Click OK. 12. For Name. select Section Head . Select the section line. select Open Arrow. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.

Sections and Elevations . set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. select the border of the callout.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. 3. 4. To reposition the callout head. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. click Callout. This is a building section. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Use the image below for guidance. 2. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. On the Options Bar. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Create panel. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. On the View tab. 5.rvt. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6.

Detail panel. On the Draw panel. 3. You can add detail lines. 1. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. but not strongly.rvt. 2. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Properties palette. On the Options Bar. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. click Region > Filled Region. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. select Chain. 4. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Line is selected automatically. as shown. On the Annotate tab. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. region patterns. 8.7. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. detail components. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.

For Name. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.5. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 6. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. 7.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. Click OK. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify. Select the upper and right side lines. enter Earth.

If you zoom in closer. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the pattern becomes visible. click Component > Detail Component. click Load Family. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. 3. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. which are visible only in the view where they are placed.rfa. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. the filled region may appear as solid fill.Section. Click Open. On the Place Detail Component tab. Detail panel. 1. 9. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 2. From the Fill Pattern list. Click OK. select Finish (green check). Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.8. On the Mode panel.

Click OK. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. In the Specify Types dialog box.Sections and Elevations .4. 5. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. From the Type Selector. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.

You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Using the image below for guidance. 8. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Move it after placement if necessary. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. 7.6. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Add another Detail Component. select Plywood. From the Type Selector list. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector.

From the Type Selector. 10.Sections and Elevations . This component represents the subflooring. On the Properties palette. Use the image below for guidance. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. 12. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9. set the Thickness to 3/4". 11. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Click Component > Detail Component. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Place the component similarly to the image below. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Select the vertical plywood. Click Modify. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. select anchor bolt.

Sections and Elevations s 323 . Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Add another Detail Component. On the Modify panel of the context tab.13. select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. select Multiple. Use the image below for guidance. select Copy. On the Options Bar. Click Modify. 14.

16. Add Detail Lines 1. click Detail Line. Detail panel.15. On the Annotate tab. Start at the end of the siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. From the Line Style Selector. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.Sections and Elevations . select Wide Lines. Save the file. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.

Sections and Elevations s 325 . 5. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Zoom out. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.3. 4.

you show the gypsum board in the wall. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 10. Click Edit in the Structure field. click Insulation. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. 8. select the Material field in row 3. Click Modify. identified as Wall material 1. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. Select the wall so it highlights. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section.6. Detail panel. Right-click. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. The wall display updates. 2. 9. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Next. Save the file. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Add Insulation 1. 7.

Your view should resemble the image shown. On the Annotate tab. click Component > Detail Component. 1. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. From the Type Selector. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 327 . 3.2. select Break Line. The component snaps to the middle of the wall.

328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Zoom to Fit. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). 5. 6. Save the file. 7. detail lines. To complete the detail. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. You place another breakline. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool.4. Place the breakline as shown. and detail components to it. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. In this exercise. The Detail Component tool is still active. The view should resemble the image shown. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.Sections and Elevations .

The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. 3. quantity. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. and ventilation methods in construction documents. To add notes. s Clear Annotation Crop. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. weatherproofing. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise.rvt. The size of the object is listed first. 2. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). The border around the view will disappear. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. With nothing selected in the view. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 .

Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. On the Format panel. As you pull your cursor to the right. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. 5.Sections and Elevations .4. 9. From the Type list. R13. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Move the pointer up 11. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Finally. 12. Text panel. 6. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. click Two Segments. 8. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. leader arrow as shown. On the Annotate tab. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 10.4" WEATHERING. click Text. insulation.

CONT is short for Continuous. 19. 20. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. 16. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.. Start the next text at the baseboard. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. . 14. Enter 5/8" GWB . Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Start the next text at the floorboard.TYPE X. O.. 17. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.C. 15. 18. Start the next text at the interior wall.C.C. as the second line of text. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O.C.13.

In this exercise. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Note: CONC signifies concrete.Sections and Elevations . Click Zoom to Fit. 22.rvt. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click ENTER to start a second line. 23. 21. Click Modify.

and locate the detail view on it. 2. Click New Sheet. 6. 5.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. The new sheet becomes the current view. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. or elevation view. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. Highlight your title block. 3. you will want to add the views to a sheet. Click Open. Right-click. Sections and Elevations s 333 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. In this exercise.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. click Load.rvt. section. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In the Project Browser. Locate the A-Landscape. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. highlight Sheets. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. 4. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.

select view Detail at Foundation. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar. close to the crop border.Sections and Elevations .7. 9. click Hide Crop Region. Click the control at its left end. In the Project Browser. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Select a Level Line. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. 8. On the View Control Bar. Drag it to the right. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Click Zoom to Fit. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Click OK. Click Rename. In this exercise. s Modified the label values in the title block. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In the Project Browser.301. 12. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. you: s Created a new sheet. enter S. For Number. 13. 11.10. highlight the new sheet. For Name. Right-click.

Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). s Add any necessary dimensions. Right-click.Sections and Elevations . 6. south. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. s Add slope indication for roof. 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Select Elevations. s Set the display for building components as needed. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 5. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The elevation markers are now visible. 3. Click the Annotations tab. It is defined by the green dotted line. Open ADA_Elevations. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 2. 4. When you create a project with a template.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. east. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. and west. four elevation views are included: north. Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK. s Add material notes.

Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 3. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet.2. On the Modelling tab. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. clear Planting. clear Sections. On the View Control Bar. On the Annotations tab. 4. 5. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Next. Switch to an Elevation View 1. Sections and Elevations s 337 .

10. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 8. 11. click to open the list. In this exercise. 9. click Edit Type. Select the wall. It will be identified as Condo . Save the file as Unit8_elevation. you activated an elevation view. 13. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Click Zoom to Fit. In Surface Pattern. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. modified its display.rvt. Select Sand.Sections and Elevations .Exterior Stucco. and modified the wall display characteristics. Click the button that displays to select a material. On the Properties palette. In the Type Properties dialog box. 12. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7. select Edit in the Structure field.

If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 2. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the foundation. 5. The size of the object is listed first. 3. 4. Add a note for the stone wall.rvt. quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. In the Type Selector. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 339 . or methods of installation.

Add a note for the brick wall.rvt. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 9. In this exercise.6. 8. 7.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the roof. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.

Sections and Elevations s 341 . 1. On the Annotate tab. On the Options Bar. For Offset from Reference. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. click Spot Slope. 6. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 4. from the Slope Representation list. Dimension panel. 5. select Triangle. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Click to select the roof line. 2. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 3. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.rvt. enter 1/8".

Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. click Aligned. Click to select the roof line. 11.7. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.Sections and Elevations . Dimension panel. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. On the Annotate tab. Click Modify. 10. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. 9.

Arrange notes. leaders. To create a continuous dimension as shown.rvt. select wall breaks and levels. In this exercise. and dimensions for clarity. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 13. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. slope indicators. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. and vertical dimensions. 14.12. The west elevation now contains material notes.

In this exercise. Click Find Referring Views. and cabinetry. 3. This view was already defined in the drawing. Highlight the view. equipment rooms. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. 2. dimensions. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. kitchens. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Click Open View. In the Project Browser. Right-click. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. special closets. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.

Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Dimension panel. Sections and Elevations s 345 . In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. Click the value field for Units Format 8. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. click Aligned. 7.4. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Clear Use Project Settings. click OK. s s s s Click Duplicate. 5. 6. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Right-click. Select Suppress 0 Feet.

Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. Using the Text and Dimension tools. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.Sections and Elevations .rvt. You modified a dimension style. detail the interior section. 10. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.9. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise.

Not in Contract c. s Create material annotations. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Create filled regions. is always the true orientation. 4. c. b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . a. False 3. True b. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. it depends. Nobody in Charge d. All of the above. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Either one. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 2. All of the above 5. Walls c. Not in Concrete b. b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. c. The direction the structure is facing. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create a section view. such as north. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Create slope annotations. d. Show the relationships between elements. The orientation of the exterior elevation. Bathrooms and kitchens b. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Cabinetry d. General Questions 1.

To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. c. click Sheet Composition > View. The Visual Style of the view. a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Which elevation is it? a. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. Sun and Shadow b. b and c. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. a. The detail level of the view. you use: a. Click Add View. West c. The boundaries of the view. d. On the View tab. Right-click. d. False 2. South d. True b. c. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. North 3. False 5. b. East b.Sections and Elevations . The height of the view.Revit Architecture Questions 1. b. but not a 6. True b. Element properties c. The dotted line indicates: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 4.

5. s Reformat a schedule. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. s Export a schedule. Lesson Plan 1. s Load a schedule tag. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Review Schedules.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

height. and thickness. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Some of these building objects include. engineering. About Schedules s 351 . but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. and math standards. technology. Technology. Math (STEM). such as reference number. width. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science.

each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). the same primary information is included. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. depending on the style of the architectural firm.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet.Schedules . Instance. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. There are different types of schedule tables. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. However. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.

About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan.

window. Using the software.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. The following image shows door. hexagon.Schedules . or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. However. A circle. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Other letters are P for plumbing. Like schedules. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. and A for appliances. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). E for electrical. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Technology. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. technology. engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. hardware. windows. and math standards. materials. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. rooms. equipment. Schedules list items such as doors. This lesson relates to science. s Create a room schedule. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Export a schedule. s Add room tags.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Schedules s 355 . Project templates include preset schedules. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. and Language Arts.

2.rvt. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.Schedules . Open ADA_Window_Schedules. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. and you set the schedule to display totals. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.

6. Schedules s 357 . Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule.s Window Tag 5. select Comments. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Add Count. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. and Width. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. In Available Fields. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Type Mark. 3. Select Windows from the list. Height. 4. Continue to add fields to the schedule. On the View tab. 7. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Click Add. Level.

Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules . from left to right. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. Select the fields. 9.8. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.

select Type Mark. Schedules s 359 . Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. 2.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. From the Sort By list. Select Blank Line. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. 1.

To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. On the Properties palette.Schedules . Notice how the schedule has changed. in this case). 1. click Edit. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. 3. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. for Sorting/ Grouping.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. you can have the schedule report this. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. clear Itemize Every Instance. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. in the Then By sorting field. click the schedule name. select Level. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In order to calculate the total number of windows. Rather than make a manual calculation. In the Project Browser. 2.

rvt. select Title. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. Save as Unit9_window_schedule.5. From the list. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. click Edit 7. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Count. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. s Set the schedule to display category totals. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. The totals for each window type now display. select Footer. and Totals. 6. for Sorting/ Grouping. Schedules s 361 . Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits.

you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. occupancy.rvt. In this exercise. based on the amount of space in each room. Room size. 3. click Room > Room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project.Schedules . A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 5. Click Open. Room & Area panel. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. On the Home tab. floor type. ceiling type. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. 4. Locate the file named Room Tag. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Open ADA_Room_Tags. click Overwrite the Existing Version. 2. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.

and in the hall as shown. 8. On the Home tab.In the Type Selector. Click Modify to terminate the placement. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. 6. 7. Room & Area panel. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. click Room > Room Separation Line. Schedules s 363 . a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.

Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 11. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 10. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 13. s Change the word Room to Manager. s Click the Room text. An edit box activates. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Modify. The room tag updates. 12.9. Select Room #2.Schedules . 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room. On the Room & Area panel.

you: s Loaded a room tag. s Tagged various objects. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. for Name.rvt. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.14. s Changed room tag field values. s Added a room separation. enter Sales. 15. On the Properties palette. In this exercise. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Schedules s 365 .

Click OK. Set the Sort By value to Number. 4. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. Create panel. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. For Name. On the View tab. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Name. The New Schedule dialog box displays. 2. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . enter Square Footage Report. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 6. In the Available Fields pane. and Area to be included in your schedule. Create a Room Schedule 1. 3. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. select Number. Click Add--> after each selection. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms.Schedules . Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. The completed exercise 5.rvt.

Schedules s 367 . This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 8.7. Click OK. clear Use Project Settings. Select Title and Totals from the list. Select Grand Totals. In the Format dialog box. 9. Change the Heading to No. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Select Calculate Totals. s Set Alignment to Right. Highlight the Number field. Click the Formatting tab. Highlight the Area field. 10. s Click Field Format. s Set Unit Symbol to SF.

rvt. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you: s Created a room schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. 12. In this exercise. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .11. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. s Totaled one of the columns.

6. You can then use this file in other applications. Browse to a directory to save your report. 4. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters.txt) file. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. On the application menu. 3. 5. Note the formatting that has been applied. The file is created. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report.rvt. Double-click it to open it. Click Save. locate the file you created. 2. Using your Windows Explorer.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. you export the room schedule to a text file. Click OK. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Schedules s 369 . Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier.

8. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. Close the text file. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.Schedules .

Matrix d. None of the above. True b. True b. c. Instance 3. a. s Place a schedule tag.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. d. Questions 1. a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. 2. b. s Export a schedule. False 4. s Load a schedule tag. Quantity c. What is a schedule table? a. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of sheets used in a project. Type b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. False Summary/Questions s 371 . s Reformat a schedule.

Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Modify 2. TXT b. use the ____ .Schedules . Manage tab 3. CSV d. View tab c. XLS c. View c. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To export a schedule. a. Annotate b. Annotate tab b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Home d. Application menu d. a.

2. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. Lesson Plan 1.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 5. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .

s Export a walkthrough. s Place a camera. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Assign materials. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Finally. you create a walkthrough.Visualization . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Engineering. s Apply shading to a view. Technology. The animation file can be played in any media player. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Add planting components. s Orient walls and windows. s Export a DWG file. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Play a walkthrough. or camera on a path. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Export an FBX file. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Create and edit a walkthrough.

Open Unit2_custom_family. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s Make a camera view the active view. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. courseware datasets. Assign materials. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. s s 2. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Click Zoom to Fit. To prepare your model for rendering.rvt. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. You worked on animations.

click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium.Visualization . 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Right-click. The walls now display layers of materials. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. If you do not see any change in the wall display. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Select one of the exterior walls. Select any exterior wall. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Stud. 6. 4. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside.3. The wall display updates. 5.

you can: s s s 9. Click OK. Select walls. Select Site: Grass. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. In addition to using the control arrows. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Repeat the process for the windows. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Right-click. Click Change wall's orientation. Visualization s 377 . Select the toposurface object. Open the Default 3D view. On the Properties palette. 8. 10.7.

Save the file as Unit10_Export.FBX). Note the file location.rvt. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. click Export > FBX. Depending on your system resources. select Autodesk (*. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. 12. and click Open. 3. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. for Files of type.11. Select the file name. Select the Roof. This will filter the file list. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you have completed this exercise. 2.Visualization . In the Select File to Import dialog box. Export the Model to FBX 1. Click OK in any notices and warnings. click Import > Import. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

click Next. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Note the file location. open Unit10_Export. On the application menu. Depending on your system resources. There is no way to update it from Revit. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Export the Model to DWG 1. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. 3. If necessary. Visualization s 379 . In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you have completed this exercise. 2. Open or return to Revit.rvt.4. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Close the file without saving. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

7. click Attach This File. click File. If necessary. Open or return to Revit. open Unit10_Export. Open 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu. 8. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.rvt. 9. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. click References > File Link Manager.4.Visualization . 5. Select the file name. Close the File Link Manager. 6. Click Open. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Select two windows as shown. In the File Link Manager .max.

10. In the dialog box. 12. 13. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". On the application menu. Save the file. 11. The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. Open the 3D view. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file.

s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. In this exercise. s Oriented walls and windows. s Click Reload. s Close the File Link Manager. 15. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.Visualization . you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. The windows have changed. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. The linked file updates. Open the Files tab. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open or return to 3ds Max Design.14. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open the File Link Manager. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Changed a material definition.

and create a second rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 3. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. In this exercise. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. On the View tab. Open Unit10_Export. generate a rendering. click Camera. you place a camera in a model. add plantings to the model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Create panel. 2.rvt. change materials. If you place the camera too close to the model. Place a Camera 1. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. Visualization s 383 . as shown. Open the Site view.

The camera will be visible. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Render Setup 1. 7. The camera perspective view opens. click Show Rendering Dialog. 6. Open the Site view again. Right-click. Click Show Camera. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly.Visualization . s s s s Open a floor plan view. Return to the perspective view. If necessary. On the View Control Bar. 5. 2.4. select Very Few Clouds.

Open the Site view. Visualization s 385 . 3. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Click Render. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary.3. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. and Lighting. On the Massing & Site tab. click Site Component. 2. Enhance the Model 1. Output Settings. Model Site panel.30' approximately as shown. s Click Render. Accept the default settings for Quality. Open view 3D View 1. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.

The model displays in the view. Click Edit in the Structure field. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. Select an exterior wall. click Show the Model. click OK. 5. In the Rendering dialog box. In the Rendering dialog box. 4. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. On the Properties palette. select Roofing . In the Layer 1 Material field. click Edit Type.Visualization . and you can now select elements for editing. In the Materials list. 2. 6. Change Materials 1.4. In the Save to Project dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Select the roof. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. click Save to Project.Wood Shake. 3. Revit places the image in its own view.

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Replace.10. 9. 7. Click Edit in the Structure field. 8. Visualization s 387 .

s Generated and captured a render image. 14. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. Click OK. 12.Brick Uniform Running Brown. In the Rendering dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_render.Visualization . 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 16. s Placed site planting components in the model. click Save to Project. s Generated and captured a second render image. In the Rendering dialog box. s Edited materials in model components. 15. s Created a raytrace setup. Select Masonry .11. In this exercise. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 13. click Render.

click to the left of the model as shown. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. s View the animation in a media player. Click Zoom Out (2x). Click Zoom to Fit. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. To place a key frame.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. rendered. s On the View tab. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. 2. 4. Open Unit10_render. Open floor plan view Level 1. in a project model. The camera and path can be edited. 3. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. In this exercise. along the path can be viewed in different modes.rvt. Visualization s 389 . The cursor changes to a crosshair. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Create panel. click 3d View > Walkthrough. s Edit the camera and path. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. s Right-click. or walkthroughs. Each view. s Right-click again. or frame. and exported individually. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame.

Drag it to the left. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Repeat for all the key frames. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. The Options Bar changes. click Edit Walkthrough. 9. 6. 10. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Select the direction control for the camera. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. On the Modify | Cameras tab.Visualization . 7.5. click Finish Walkthrough. 11. The camera is located on the final key frame. 8.

13. Click Open. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. If camera positions distort. 2. From the Controls list. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.12. Click Edit Walkthrough. Check the view in several key frames. 3. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. select Path. Drag the path away from the model as shown. On the Walkthrough panel. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. The path displays control dots at key frames. click Next Key Frame. Visualization s 391 .

Click OK. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough.rvt. notice where you save the file. On the application menu. click OK. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. File Name. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Save. 4. select a video compression method to hold down file size.Play the Walkthrough 1. Export the Walkthrough 1. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 2. In the Video Compression dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. 2. Click Play.Visualization . In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. In the Length/Format dialog box. 3. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough.

Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. 6. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.5. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Plan your class time accordingly. It plays in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Visualization s 393 .

s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player. If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .7.Visualization . s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file.

s Apply shading to a view. Questions 1. Demolish 2. you use: a. Align c. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Print to File b. s Place a camera. True b. Flip Orientation d. Split b. True b. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. s Create and edit a walkthrough. a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. a. True b. False 2. View > Shading d. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Assign materials. Save As > FBX c. you use: a. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Create a raytrace rendering. Export > FBX 3. s Export an FBX file. s Export a walkthrough. s Add planting components. s Export a DWG file. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Review structural columns. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. foundations. beam systems.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. and braces. Lesson Plan 1. 4. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 6. beams. beams and braces. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. In the following exercises. (Student) Evaluate Students. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams.

Structural . and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. For example. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. beams. and other structural elements will be located in a building. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

Knowing where structural members. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. especially columns.Structural . walls. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown.

Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Math (STEM). Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Create column grids. Structural s 401 . Technology. Place beam systems and braces. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

beams can be steel. this is known as post and beam construction. or reinforced concrete. Beams connect columns or walls. Structural columns can be steel. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. In this exercise.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. often mainly glass. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. spans without walls. Select a floor. Open Deck Framing. They come in types defined by size and shape.Structural . The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. 3. or concrete. As with columns. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. wood. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Build panel of the Home tab.Hide Category. In residential construction. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. 1. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . click Column > Structural Column. wood. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 2. On the View Control Bar.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck.

3A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. On the View Control Bar.4. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 7. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 8. 6. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. In the Type Selector. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". Structural s 403 . click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 5. click Depth. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. and 4B. On the Options Bar.

11. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Click OK. Click OK. 10. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). and columns clearly. Right-click. 2.9. Click Hide In View > Element. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". In the Project Browser. Place Beams 1. rail. double-click view Framing Cutaway. The columns are now hidden by the floors.Structural . Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.

To place beams: Structural s 405 . click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 5. Structure panel. In the Type Selector. On the Options Bar. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10.3. On the Structure tab. select Chain. Click. click Beam. s In the view window. 4.

7. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click. 6. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click.Structural .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.

Click OK. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Click on grid intersection B4. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. In this exercise.rvt. 11. click Make Wall Bearing.8. Click Modify. as shown. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. click Beam. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. 9. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Structure panel. 12. Structural s 407 . s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Save the file as Deck Beams.

rvt. 2.Structural . you: s Place beam systems. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Pick Supports. click Beam System. In this exercise.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. 3. Open Deck Beams. click Sketch Beam System. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. On the Structure tab. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Click the beam on Grid 1. 4. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click No. Place Beam Systems 1. s Place braces. or number of beams in a bay. The completed exercise 5. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structure panel. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. distance. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.

Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. 7. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. click Line. as shown. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6.

Click the beam on Grid 2. Trim as necessary. On the Mode panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. click Line.6". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.2". s s s On the Draw panel. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. 10. s 9. 11. set Elevation to -0'-9". click Pick Supports. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click Finish. On the Properties palette. On the Properties palette. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Create Similar.Structural . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s s On the Draw panel. click Finish (green check). set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .8.

Create panel. as shown. 4. click Brace. On the View tab. Structural s 411 . A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. On the Structure tab. In the Project Browser. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. It has an automatic work plane.Place Braces 1. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 3. On the View Control Bar. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. unlike regular elevations. 2. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Click to place the elevation. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Structure panel. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 5.

Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. Repeat the brace going right to left. 7. Click Modify. 8. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the view window.6.Structural . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 9. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . to start the brace.

rvt. In this exercise. you: s Placed beam systems. Save the file as Deck structure. Structural s 413 . s Placed braces. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.10.

but they can also be angular and radial. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click in the lower left to start a grid line. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. as shown. s s In the view window. beams. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. In plan views. The exact length is not critical. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. click Grid. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. 2. Grid datasets. You can change a grid number at any time. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Datum panel.Structural . Pull the cursor straight up. This is a common step early in designing a large building. The exact location is not critical. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. and walls. and section views. elevation. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. In this exercise. The numbering automatically increments.

Click to start another grid line. Click to place a new grid line. The Grid tool is still active. Structural s 415 . Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". 4.3. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.

click Create Similar to start the Grid tool.Structural . s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.5. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. s Select Grid Line 2. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. 6. Enter A at the keyboard. Pull the cursor to the right. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Grid 3 is already the selection set. Pull the cursor to the left. Press ENTER. Repeat to create grid line 4. The new grid line will be number 3. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Press ENTER. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". The new grid line is number 5. Click to start a grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. close to the heads. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. click to place the grid line. click Copy. 7. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.

s Select grid 2. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Change the number to 2. 11.8. Grid 2. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Click to place the grid line. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Structural s 417 . The Grid tool is still active. click the elbow control to place an offset. 9. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click Copy. This grid line will be number B. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. 10. On the grid line.1. This completes the main grid. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.1 is still selected.

The Grid tool is still active. click Radius. Create panel.Structural . Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. 4. Click to place the grid head. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . enter 15. On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. s Click to start the grid line. In the Radius field. set Offset to 15'-0". Press ENTER. On the Draw panel.000 o . 3. s s Click grid intersection D3.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Change the number to EE. On the Options Bar. On the Draw panel. click Grid. Click in the new grid bubble. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. select Center-Ends Arc. Zoom to Fit. click Pick.

The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line.5. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Structural s 419 . 6. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 7. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. You will need to identify it easily. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click to place grid FF.

Revit will create grid 32. Zoom to Fit. Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 31. click Mirror . you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Structural . s Click grid intersection D3. s 10. s Select grid 3.000. 11. s In this exercise.Pick Axis. Press ENTER. Enter 31 to change the name. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Click in the new grid bubble.8. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.rvt. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. 9. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Create Similar. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.

To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. click Column > Structural Column. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Change a grid layout. s 3. Structural s 421 . The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. As a result. s Add footings to columns. Open ADA_Grids-complete. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structure panel. This is a steel column. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Now you place columns at grid intersections. In this exercise. 2. s Use a column grid to place beams. you typically create a grid.

s s On the Options Bar.Structural . 4. 5. click At Grids. In the Multiple panel. 4. 2. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. B. C and D. 3. On the Multiple panel. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. A. set Height to Level 3. click Finish. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.

and beams will move to the right. 4. On the Multiple panel. Open Floor Plan Level 2. click Beam. Click Grid 1. Zoom to Fit.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. click Finish. columns. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 3. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. The grid. 2. Structural s 423 . click On Grids. Window-select all the grid lines.

Structural . On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. click At Columns. Columns and beams will move to the right. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 6. window-select all the columns. 4. On the Quick Access toolbar. Open the Default 3D view. 1. On the Multiple panel. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. click Isolated. click Finish. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 2.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Multiple panel. In the view window. click Undo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click No. Click Redo. 3. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

in the Type Selector. 6. The footing changes size. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Click OK. Structural s 425 .5. To change the size of the footing. A warning displays. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. The footing had been placed at Level 1. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Press ESC to clear the column selection. 7. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. s On the Properties palette. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".

you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Changed a grid layout.Structural . In this exercise. Save and close the file. s Used a column grid to place beams.8. s Added footings to columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. spans.

s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Brace c. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. 2. s Add footings to columns.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Beam d. s Change a grid layout. s Place braces. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place beam systems. True b. All of the above. Column b. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Questions 1. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.

you can: a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. If you relocate a grid line. Flip Orientation d.Structural . b. All of the above. c. True b. To create a beam system. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. False 4. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Use grid lines and grid intersections. Properties c. When placing columns or beams. A and B. c. 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. you use: a. Pick points. 5. A but not B. To change the height of a column. 2. Stretch b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. True b. Select the type of beam or column to place. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. d. you: a. a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. b. d. a.

Susan Harrington . South Division High School.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Inc. Randy Dymond. Copyright s 431 . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. International Technology Education Association www.org Project Lead the Way.iteaconnect. PE .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Milwaukee.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Executive Director. Poway High School. Mathematics. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Starkweather . WI Roger Dohm . CA Ronald A Williams. Smith . Poway. Ltd.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Teacher.Director.Instructor.

CA 94903. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . INC. Inc. for any purpose. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. 2010 Autodesk. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. may not be reproduced in any form.” AUTODESK. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document.. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. product names. Inc. “AS IS. AutoCAD. All rights reserved.. Inc. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. Trademarks Autodesk. All rights reserved.© 2010 Autodesk. Published by: Autodesk. Autodesk Inventor. Autodesk Revit Architecture. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. Inc. Inc. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Autodesk Revit MEP. or parts thereof. AutoCAD Architecture. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. All other brand names. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. this publication. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. by any method. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. AutoCAD MEP. AutoCAD Civil 3D. INC.

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