Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .When sketching walls.

elevation. section. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. roofs. and 3D views.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. stairs. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . furniture. You can add building elements in plan.Software Tools . Other building elements such as doors. windows. floors.

the other will move as well. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the illustration shown.While components are being sketched. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . or at any time after. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. In the two illustrations shown.

Software Tools . all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves. In essence.

and math standards. engineering. Technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. Math (STEM).Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. This lesson relates to science. s Constrain placement of objects. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . technology. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Engineering. s Place a predefined Mass family. s Use the In-Place Mass tool.

A designer. and then converted into building components such as floors. size. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. you can create in-place masses. roofs. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Masses can be edited in many ways.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. or masses. such as distance requirements from roadways. and curtain systems. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. walls. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. quickly. There are mass families available to load into a project. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. owner.Software Tools . Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.

Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. roofs. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. masses. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. or within. walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools .

and Language Arts. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. s Recognize temporary dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Explain the use of dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. tags. Math (STEM). Technology. This lesson relates to science. legends. engineering. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and symbol heads. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . Annotation includes text notes. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Engineering.

rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Each symbol family file (*. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular. radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.z) coordinate system. and how other levels change display accordingly.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.y. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

s Work with tool buttons. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Engineering. technology. Technology.Software Tools . s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Math (STEM). and Options Bar. engineering. s Open tabs on the ribbon.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. This lesson relates to science. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. the Type Selector. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The ribbon sits above the drawing window. windows.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. doors. for instance. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. and rooms. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. beams. Its position is fixed. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. Some commands will not be active (that is. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Display and Navigation s 31 .

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and text. braces.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. detailing. slabs. trusses. symbols. structural walls. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. Display and Navigation s 33 . The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. columns. and foundations.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. Context tabs display as you work.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and inquiry. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. and parameters.Software Tools . materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . copy/paste.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New. Print. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. Open.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen.Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Save. and Close.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

Legends.Software Tools . Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sheets. and groups. families. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. with four elevation markers visible. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. schedules. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

level of detail. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. A check mark indicates it is visible. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. visual style. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. shadow display. rendering (in 3D views). View Control Bar View scale. To toggle the Project Browser on/off.Software Tools . sun settings. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. Windows panel on the ribbon. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. cropping. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things.

View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Select the desired view scale from the list. To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse. Display and Navigation s 43 . Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.

Shaded with Edges. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Hidden Line is the default.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. or by global location. sun and shadow intensity. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . date and time. which can be according to the view. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 . It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Once elements have been hidden. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Crop region selected.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . along with other display settings. These controls. enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Collaborate. Insert. Manage and Modify. Nine tabs are available: Home. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Structure. To activate or open a view. Massing & Site. Display and Navigation s 55 . View.All views are listed in the Project Browser. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Annotate.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.

Context Tabs. When a context tab is active. Options Bar. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. showing options that you can select while you are working. the Options Bar may display below it. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. If you select items in the view window. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Display and Navigation s 57 .

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

When you select an item or start a placement tool. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .

Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. In 3D views. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. Display and Navigation s 65 . such as File Open. and Publish. New File. The application menu contains file management controls. File Close only appears on the application menu. Export. the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Print. File Save. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Click a file name to open that file. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

click OK in the dialog box that opens. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. 3. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. make the Home tab active. After you have examined each of them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. On the ribbon. or click New > Project from the application menu. If you select the menu option. Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Do this for other tabs. 2. The completed exercise 4.

Select Cycle Through All. and then viewed. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Close the file without saving. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 7. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Icons for panels display below tab titles.5. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. In this exercise. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. 6. They disappear when you move the cursor away. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. you opened a project file.

Open view Floor Plan Level 1. doubleclick the view name. You worked on this file in Getting Started. In the Project Browser. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The file opens to a 3D view. Display and Navigation s 69 .Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Exercise 2.rvt. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open quick_start_building_elements. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.

. Click the door in the upper left of the model. 8. Click any interior wall. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .3. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click OK. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type.Software Tools . 4. 5. 6. doors. Click Filter panel > Filter. 7. On the Properties palette. Clear Walls and Doors. all the walls. You are selecting everything visible. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The Modify | Walls context tab opens. and windows highlight blue.

On the Properties palette.9. click Create panel > Create Similar. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. you opened a project file. 10. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. examined the menus and toolbars. Display and Navigation s 71 .rvt. On the Modify | Doors context tab. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 12. Place a door as shown. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. 11. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click any door. In this exercise. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set.

and elevation views by default. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. System families include levels. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. s Work with Revit families. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. either predefined or user-created. floors). and 3D views using the View menu. drafting views. Math (STEM). In the exercises. annotations. and views. lines. ceiling plan. s Load and place component families. building elements (walls. Pan. Revit provides floor plan. You can create sections. mechanical equipment). and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. templates.Software Tools . Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. display controls. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. operating settings. s Create a new in-place family. Engineering. schedules. Component families include model objects (furniture.

engineering. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. technology.

Open Unit2_building_elements. Four elevation markers are visible. The display changes. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Use your keyboard to enter VV.Exercise: View Controls A building model. There is also a copy in the course datasets. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is no way to see everything in it. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. 2. VG also opens the dialog box.rvt. Click the Annotation Categories tab. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The elevation markers disappear from the view. is an extensive database. 3. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Click OK. Click Zoom to Fit. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Rightclick in the view window. First.Software Tools . even a small one. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.

You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Zoom to Fit. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. There are two parts to an elevation. Click Zoom In Region. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. In the Project Browser. Click Open. On the View Control Bar. Right-click. Right-click. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . click Detail Level. 7. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Click and drag the cursor as shown. 6. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit.4. Enter ZF. Select the roof outline. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. 5. so be sure to select them both. Select Detail Level: Medium.

change the Underlay value to None. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. as before. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Turn off visibility of the elevations. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Click Zoom to Fit.Software Tools . Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. 2. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties.8. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. Enter VH. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. doors and windows are not shown. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. View Properties 1. On the Properties palette. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Click OK. Set the cut plane value to 7' . click Edit. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D.3. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 4. the ridge is now visible. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. enter Roof.0". By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Right-click. and where the cut plane sits. Next to View Range. Click Rename. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . For Name.

2. Accept the location that activates. In the dialog box that opens. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Shading with Edges. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Shadows On. select Winter Solstice. 4. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Set the time to 9:30 am. under Solar Study. 5.Software Tools . In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Still. Open Elevation view South. In the Presets list.Graphic Display Options 1. 3.

Working with Views and Objects s 79 . In this exercise. 6. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update.rvt.

Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. click Door. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. and place Revit families. commercial. and families in place. In Revit. Build panel. furniture). s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Doors are considered standard family entities. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. railings. On the Home tab. and annotations are examples of standard families.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. such as levels. and furniture. load. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. 2. lights. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. is predefined within Revit. Open Unit2_views. roofs. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential.rvt. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. furniture. you open an existing project file. or stand-alone (for example. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. or institutional structures. This exercise illustrates how you locate. 3. and use a Revit family to place a door. Additionally. floors. You add closet doors to interior walls. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and so on. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. There are system families. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. standard families. and floors. windows. Doors.Software Tools . windows. s A system family. These components are called families and there are several different types. walls.

Working with Views and Objects s 81 . a door appears along with temporary dimensions.rvt. and Annotation. 4. Click the Doors folder.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Family files have a file extension of *. Tag panel. Project files have a file extension of *. It has a number of different sizes defined. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette.rfa. The Door Insertion tool stays active. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). If you highlight a door family. Click Open. Locate Double Panel 2. Furniture. Accept the default size. s s 6. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Click Open.rfa. You click to place an instance of the door family. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. On the Modify | Place Door tab. 5. As you move your cursor near any wall. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window.

The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. 9. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. you located. and placed instances of a door family. loaded.rvt. but not strongly.Software Tools . Place an instance of the door as shown. In this exercise. Place two more instances of the door as shown. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . simply click it. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. 8.7.

Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. you open an existing project file. 5. In the Type Properties dialog box. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . and create an in-place family. The required width is not available. click Duplicate. Click OK. Select the double door as shown. Open Unit2_doors_walls. For Name. 3. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. enter 48" x 80". 4. modify a door family. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type.rvt.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. This door needs to be 48" wide.

Click OK.Software Tools . In the dialog box. set the Extrusion End value to 6". You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The door updates. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. For Name. 4.6. select Generic Models. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Properties palette. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Home tab. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. 2. 5. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. enter Hall Clock. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Click OK. Build panel. click Component > Model In-Place. 3. 1. is to create a component family in place.

Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Click OK. On the Draw panel. The exact dimensions and location are not critical.2". Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Revit will display . you located. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. 10. 11. 12. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". loaded. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. as shown. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . and placed a door family. 13. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model.0' 2". 8.rvt. 7. 9. The family model updates. In this exercise. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). You have created the base of the clock.6. click Rectangle. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.4" as shown.

The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.

Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s What is Moore's Law. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math.

c. and click Open. False 4. Go to View > View Name in the menu. 6. Each project has several predefined views. s Access. d. Create a 3D perspective view. a. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. Spin the model in 3D space. s Open different views. and place a family from a library. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. False 3. c. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. False 5. Views can be renamed. tab. Zoom in Region is used to: a. All content tools are located on the ribbon. s Create an in-place model family. load. The tool shown is used to: a. Zoom to the entire model. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . False 2. Turn on Shadows. c. True b. To activate a view: a. s Change view properties. True b. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Right-click. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. Either a or b. b. a. context tabs. b. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. d. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. depending on the template selected.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.Software Tools . True b. s Change type properties of a family. 7. a. True b. and Options Bar. d. s Change view displays. b. Questions 1. s Adjust Visual Style Options.

Project Browser d. Families 11. Standard b. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Rotate c. windows. System c. Scroll d. depending on settings 9. In-Place d. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Properties palette 10. If you have a scroll wheel mouse.8. A family created within a project is called ________________. a. All of the above. Multiview b. Parts d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. you can use the scroll wheel to: a.) are called: a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. a. etc. Blocks c. Pan and Zoom b. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 .

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Set project units. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. 2. 6. Lesson Plan 1. s Create dimension and text styles. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 4. s Create a project template.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. Review Revit Architecture setup. 3. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 7. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. s Create labels. 9. 5. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Evaluate Students.

and the settings that are preset within them. Many cities and counties have their own rules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Visit the AIA website at www.org. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. defining the layers. and so forth. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments.aia.org. based on the AIA standards. Visit the AIAS website at www. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Technology. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. linetypes. colors. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. colors.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. linetypes. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . After completing this lesson. should be used. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.aias. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Explain why templates are used.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology.

For example. doors. it must have at least one door. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. and one closet. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. windows. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. a common area (such as a living room or family room). one window. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. If it lacks any of these components. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. the number being its numerical value. otherwise it is considered a carport. a garage. it cannot be called a bedroom. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. like mechanical drawing.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. A unit is a particular physical quantity. If there is a fire. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. and so on. A garage must be completely enclosed.Standards and Building Codes . defined and adopted by convention. a bathroom. and so on. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed.

However. also known as the International System of Units. the construction industry still uses the English. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . such as room size and wall height. in the United States.. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth.For example. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and other materials. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Here h is the physical quantity. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. unit symbol ft. In architectural drafting. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Another method is to apply dual notation. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. is 169 m. its value is expressed in the unit meter. glass.. using imperial units. units are applied to dimensions. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. unit symbol m. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. or imperial. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. is 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control.

sheets. one value representing another value. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size.) 8. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". line weight and pattern. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.Standards and Building Codes . and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. Each size is designated by a letter. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.Scales are ratios. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and viewports. every 1/8" would represent 1'. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. In Revit Architecture. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H).

A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. and then add a title block or other symbols. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. site plan. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. temporary Schedules Sections. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. symbols. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. notes Demolition. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. The integers go from 0 to 9. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. elevators. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index.a modified version of the AIA standard.01. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). You create and position views. Standards and Building Codes s 97 .

or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. and other relevant information. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The next space is for tracking revisions. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. and so on. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. Typically. the electrician. fonts. followed by information on the building's owner. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation.Standards and Building Codes . the date drawn. so that the height is less than the width. that is. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. drawing scales. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. The paper is oriented landscape. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and layer standards. For example. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. annotation plot sizes. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. the author of the drawing. the HVAC company. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. Usually. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The column is divided into sections. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper.

The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . layer settings. dimension and text styles. title blocks. and so forth.in the City of San Francisco.

you use templates that are preset with drawing units. and Language Arts.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and walls. dimension styles. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Engineering. Technology. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes . views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . windows. These can be used to build your model. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

click New > Project. apartments. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. you create a new project file using a template. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. 2. 3. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Select a Template 1. On the application menu. factory. Condominiums.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. click Browse. or store. you use templates as starting points. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. In the New Project dialog box. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project.Standards and Building Codes .

You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Settings s 103 . Click OK.4. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. Select the Residential-Default. Click Open. you started a new project file using a standard template.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. 6. click Close to close this project without saving. 5. On the application menu. saving set up time. In this exercise. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.

The file opens to a 3D view. 3. In the courseware datasets folder. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. s Place the cursor over the left wall. Click to start a new wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . The Wall tool remains active. 2. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.Standards and Building Codes . s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. expand Floor Plans under Views. click Wall. Build panel. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. open ADA__Settings. Press ESC to cancel the wall.rvt. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. the drawing setup options are preset. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Pull the cursor to the right. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates.

8. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Click OK twice to save the setting change. In this exercise. s Set Unit symbol to m. Place the cursor over the left wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. 7. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. Close the file without saving.4. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. 5. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. click to start a new wall. Settings s 105 . and move the cursor right.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Press ESC to cancel the wall.) 6. Click Format for Length. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.

click Edit Type. For Name. Open ADA_Dimensions. On the Annotate tab. Click OK. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. create. 1. Dimension panel. temporary and permanent.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. enter Big Text.rvt. but also control the size and location of objects. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or insert components.Standards and Building Codes . Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. 4. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. dimensions not only display. click Aligned. By default. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. click Duplicate. 3. there are two types of dimensions. In the Type Properties dialog box. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. On the Properties palette. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 2.

The Dimension tool is still active. and bottom horizontal walls. 7. Click to place. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Text Size to 3/16".5. s Click OK twice. Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 107 . left. 6.

Close the file without saving. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. 9. you opened an existing file. s s s Select the far left. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Click to place the dimension. created a new dimension style. upper. The Dimension tool stays active. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Drag the dimension to the top of the view. In this exercise. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. and far right vertical walls.8.

In the datasets folder. Settings s 109 . place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. There are no annotations visible. In the Project Browser. 3. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. These are annotations. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In order to do this.rvt. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. and the view window displays the new plan. Notice the door and window tags. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2.

Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. 9. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Settings panel. 6. click Project Information. 1. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. Model Categories tab. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Rename. Double-click to open it. 5. Click OK.4. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. In the Project Browser. On the Manage tab. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 7. 8. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK to update the display of this view.

3. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Value column of Project Address.Add a Sheet 1. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Enter the address as shown.) 3. highlight the title block displayed in the list. 2. Click OK. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. Rightclick. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. Click New Sheet. Settings s 111 . or supply your own values: Click OK. 2. click Edit.

you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet.4. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Next. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.Standards and Building Codes . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Click Apply. Notice the change to the title block.

Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. You see the view at the end of your cursor. Right-click in the view. Select the new viewport. Settings s 113 . Select Add View to Sheet. 2. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Right-click. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select Deactivate View. 3. Click Activate View. 4.

s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. of the sheet. s Placed a view on the sheet. Finish the move. The view updates on the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. deselect it. s Added a sheet. you: select it. Close the file without saving. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. The Scale updates in the title block. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Place the cursor 7.5. 6. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view.

Start Revit Architecture. Select A-11x8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.rft. On the application menu. Click Open.5. 4. 3. A copy of the 11 x 8. Settings s 115 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. click New > Titleblock.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. This is one of the longer exercises. 2. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). It opens to the Recent Files window.5 title block template opens.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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s Click Add. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.Standards and Building Codes . Your teacher may specify another location. On the Quick Access toolbar. Accept the Sample Value. Save the title block as A . Add a label for Checked By. click Close. 11.Landscape. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rfa. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Add a label for Sheet Number.9. Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. Accept the Sample Value. 14. On the application menu. select Drawn By. 12. you created a title block using a template file. 10. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. In this exercise. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. click Save to save the title block. 15. s Accept the Sample Value. Click Zoom to Fit. 13.

Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click New to create a new project using the default template. you create a new project file. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 5. On the View tab. Insert a Title Block 1. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. 3. Click Open. 2. 4. Settings s 125 . Your title block is now displayed in the list. Highlight the title block and click OK. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window. and then load a custom title block into your project. In the Recent Files window. Locate your title block. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list.

you a created a new project file. On the Manage tab. Settings panel. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. click Project Information. enter Student Project Unit 3. Click OK. enter your name. s For Checked By. Click OK. In this exercise. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s For Drawn By. 5. Select the title block. 2. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 4. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet.Standards and Building Codes . 6. enter your instructor's name. 3. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Click OK.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name.

There are various settings you can define for your template. Click OK. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. Create a Template In this exercise. settings. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. In this exercise. 3. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. you define the title block. and the units for your custom template. and geometry from the template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . On the application menu. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. including how the rendered image looks. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. and slope angle. select Project Template. in addition to predefined wall types. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. 1. you create a new project file. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. angles. click New > Project. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. In the New Project dialog box. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. 2. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and then load them like families.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. On the Insert tab. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. a dimension style. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. such as 3D and plan views.

9. On the Manage tab. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Annotate tab. Click the Length field in the Format column.rfa. click Duplicate.Landscape. Next. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". There will be no visible change. For Name. Click OK. 5. You create a custom dimension style. enter 3/16" Verdana.4. 7. 10. create a Dimension Style. 6. Open the title block A . click Settings panel > Project Units. 8. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. Click OK twice. Set the units for the template.Standards and Building Codes .

Click Dimension panel > Aligned. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. Click OK. Click New Sheet. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. 15. Select the A . Change the following settings as shown: 13. In the Project Browser.11. On the Properties palette. 14. 12. Rightclick. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click OK. select Sheets (All). Settings s 129 .

In this exercise. Save the file name as A-English template. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 17.Standards and Building Codes . as well as dimension style and units. Save your project template in your class project folder.rte. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You can use this template for future projects.16. The title block updates. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. you created a new template file using a dimension style. title block. Click OK. and units that you defined.

Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. are constantly being developed by the building industry. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. or new combinations of existing materials.

is defined as what? a. s Change dimension colors. True b. An architect b. A unit 4.02 b. a. AIA b. 1:12 c. P. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. 1:3 b. and symbols used in drawing? a. NCTM d. s Create dimensions. dimension styles. s Create a title block. NCSESA 2. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. General Questions 1. s Create a dimension style. A particular physical quantity. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". a.02 d.05 c. UBC c. A. False 3. English c. 1:24 d.Standards and Building Codes . a. Using AIA Standards. s Change lineweight. s Create text.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. 1:32 5. s Create a text style. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create labels. A. Metric d.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . S. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create a template. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.

a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. you use: a. a. dimensions snap to: a. True b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Application menu > Properties b. To create a new sheet. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Application menu > New > Sheet b. To change the scale of a view. you click: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. False 4. Wall midpoints d. Wall faces b. False 6. a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. To set the units in a project. By default. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. True b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Wall centerlines c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. True b. Point offsets 3. In Revit Architecture. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

5. s Align walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 4. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Define a wall structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 3. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 6. Lesson Plan 1. s Trim and extend walls.

They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. their construction and materials. them.Walls . List the different types of occupancy. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. and protect its interior spaces. or filling in between. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . separate. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. After completing this lesson. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Select the Single Line option.Brick on Mtl. Walls s 151 . the dimension updates incrementally. Clear the Chain option. an angular dimension displays. To modify a dimension. click it to open an edit field. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. but it disappears when you begin another action. Stud. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.3. indicating wall length. 5. Expand the Type Selector list. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. As you continue to move the cursor. 4. a dashed line displays. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Enter 10. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Click to set the endpoint. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. It will not print. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. After you create the wall.

The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Select panel. the controls may sit on top of one another. 7. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. enter 7. Create panel. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Press ENTER. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Set the Detail Level to Medium. On the View Control Bar. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. click Create Similar. 8. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Modify to stop placing walls. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. On the Modify | Place Wall tab.Walls . Depending on your zoom in the view.6. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Click the wall. Click to start the next wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. click the Detail Level icon.

notice how the wall joins at the corner. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. 10. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Select the right vertical wall. Notice that two dimensions display.9. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Because you drew the wall from up to down. an alignment line displays. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Also. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. release the mouse button to set a new length. Click Modify. no matter where you move the cursor. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Walls s 153 . You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall.

16. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 12. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Build panel. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Right-click. 14. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. This is the same as clicking Modify. click Wall. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the lower vertical wall. Sketch the walls as shown. When using the Chain option. Repeat. On the Home tab. Click Cancel. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 13. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows.11. 15. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall.Walls .

Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. After clicking the second end. In this exercise.18. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Create Similar again. 20. Clear the Chain option. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. 19. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Walls s 155 . Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.rvt. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 17. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Select the Three Point Arc tool.

This exercise illustrates how to split. align. Only part of the wall highlights. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 4. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. 3. you first split the walls at the intersections. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. To do this. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Click Modify. Split Walls 1. and extend walls. trim.rvt from the previous exercise. Both split walls are shown below. You now remove the upper right corner. 2. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Do the same for the vertical wall.Walls . fillet. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections.

Modify panel. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. On the Options Bar. click Undo and repeat the steps. Enter 5'. Create panel. 4. You can also click the flip control. On the Modify | Walls tab. select Radius. On the Modify | Wall tab. Select any wall. Walls s 157 . 2. click Create Similar. 3. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation.Fillet Walls 1. If you make a mistake. click Delete. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Click Fillet Arc. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). This is how you create rounded wall corners. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. 5.

The Wall tool is still active. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. You align the wall in the next steps. 1.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 2. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.Walls . 3. Place an interior wall as shown. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.

s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.4. Click to create a wall. s On the Options Bar. such as location lines. The Wall Trim Tool 1. Walls s 159 . You can lock the alignment. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Pull the cursor straight up. clear Chain. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

This will extend to the border. 6.Walls . Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The length is not critical.s Move the cursor to the left and click. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Select the two interior walls in turn. 5. The walls can cross. 4. 2. This will be the border. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 3. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Select the vertical wall as shown.

rvt. In this exercise. and trim. fillet. Walls s 161 .7. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.

In the Project Browser.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. The Modify tool is active by default. click Edit Type. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Select the Exterior wall as shown. 2. satisfy different requirements. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. and vary in cost.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. On the Properties palette. Open ADA_Wall_Structure.Walls . 1. 3. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.

except Core Boundary. click Edit in the Structure value field. When you are finished. To edit the structure of the wall. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Add two additional layers to the wall. 7. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. s Click Down twice. s Click Up. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Click OK. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Click Insert twice.4. s Click the number of Layer 3. the wall structure should be as shown. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. Walls s 163 . has a Function you can edit. Every layer of a wall. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. s Click the arrow at the right. 6. 8. s Select Finish 1 [4]. 5. For Name.

Exterior .Stud Layer. which displays plan or section views. Material. 10. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. 11. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Set the Material to Finishes . Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. select Finishes .9.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System.Walls . s Set the Material to Wood . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 13. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s Click the icon that appears at the right. Modify the Function.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. 12. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2".

17. expand the Families branch. In the Project Browser. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. 15. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view.14. select Medium. Walls s 165 . From the Detail level list. On the Properties palette. Click Apply to update the view. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 16.

or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 19. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. From the Type Selector list. 20. In this exercise. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Right-click 8" Exterior. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition.Walls . Close the file without saving.18. You opened an existing file. defined a new wall structure. Expand Walls > Basic Wall.

for example. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard.Brick on Mtl. 2. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. wood rails. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . 3.rvt. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. You can define a wall type with these elements. such as a weatherproof outside surface. Stud walls as shown. The model opens in a 3D view. In this exercise. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. you create and modify vertically compound walls. and a decorated interior surface. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. a structural mid-section. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Select one of the Exterior .

Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Split Region.4. As indicated in the dialog box title. You can assign different materials to regions. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. You change the type. the new regions assume the same material as the original. highlight one of the borders. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. If not already expanded. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 8. To define the structure of the wall. either horizontally or vertically. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 1. 7. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Wall structures are Type Properties. 2. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. so all instances of this type change. When you split a layer. click Edit. 6. or you will lose your changes. To split a layer or region horizontally. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. You can set the sample height to any value. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view.Walls . Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. into regions. You can split regions into other regions. in the Structure value field. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. In this exercise. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. To split a layer or region vertically. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box.

The upper split disappears. since both regions are composed of the same layer. 4. Click Merge Regions. assign Layer 1. 2. Click to merge the two layers. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 3. When you merge regions. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer.3. In this case. Click to split the region into two parts. Walls s 169 . Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Click to merge them. After merge. Prehighlight a border between regions. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. 1.Brick layer. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry .

Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Change the value to 12. indicating that it is modifiable. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 1. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. 3. Click Insert. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Next.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 2. Click again to return to the original position. The dimension text turns blue. to the next parallel line. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 3. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Press ENTER. In the Edit dialog box. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. you assign the material Masonry Brick . After a region is split.Walls . 2. click Modify. If you set the split offset down from the top. Click the temporary dimension text. s Select the split line. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. 1. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. instead of down.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To create a new wall layer. 4.

because it is now the selected layer. The preview changes appearance. Merge Region. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. as shown. In this exercise. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. It immediately highlights in blue. Split Region. Click OK. Walls s 171 . 9. it highlights in blue in the preview window.Brick Soldier Course layer. 5. All walls of this type have been changed. It also shows a thickness value. 8. 7. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . 6. Click OK. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Close the file without saving. Modify.Brick Soldier Course. Change the Material to Masonry . When a layer is selected in the table. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click Assign Layers. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane.4. 10. and Insert Layer tools. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and insulation.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. piping. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.Walls . 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. ducting. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. earth. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. installed.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

the view. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but also the natural lighting. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. the ventilation. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.Doors and Windows . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.

186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . the width can be no less than 20".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.7 sq. ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. An unobstructed opening of 5. The height can be no less than 24". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. if there is no other escape route.

move. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and how to position. Some families are loaded into each empty file. you learn how to place doors and windows. In this unit. and copy these elements. s Center a door in a wall. and furniture are defined in family files. Doors and Windows s 187 . Engineering. how to load additional door and window families. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Copy windows. and Language Arts.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Technology. This lesson relates to science. Components such as doors. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. windows. technology. Math (STEM). engineering.

Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Once a door is placed. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . To reverse the swing. On the Home tab. To flip the door. This can be done in a plan view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. or 3D view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. When placing doors in a plan view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. In other words. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. 2. elevation view. Add Doors 1. the door swing would be to the left side. Build panel. click Door. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. 3.

2. and windows into project files. In order to keep file size small. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. except for the Type Selector. Mode panel. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user.Load Families 1. With the Door command active. Doors and Windows s 189 .rfa. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Select the door Double-Panel 2. walls. click Load Family. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. From the Type Selector list. Click Open. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". 3. The display does not change. on the Modify | Place Door tab.

If necessary.4. 5. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.Doors and Windows . Place a second instance in the wall opposite. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". From the Type Selector. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

6. Remember. Do not add the dimensions. If you place a door in the wrong location. or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. simply click it and enter the correct value. change a temporary dimension. To Doors and Windows s 191 . you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.

click Window. elevation view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. Open Unit5_doors.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. From the Type Selector. On the Home tab. When placing windows in a plan view. or 3D view. Build panel. To face the outside of the window to the other side. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. You can place windows in a plan view. the outside of the window is to the left side. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Add Windows 1. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click Modify and select the window. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Windows have exterior and interior sides. 2. approach the wall from the right side.

4. loaded a door family. Place seven more windows as shown.rvt. You do not need to add dimensions. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. placed doors. you opened an existing project. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. and placed windows.Doors and Windows . The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. 5.3. Window tags do not number in sequence. In this exercise.

Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted.rvt. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. window. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. 4. click Aligned. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. wall. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. 3. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . 1. you open an existing project file. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. and so on. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. and modify the wall. On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. 2. place a door. s Align and modify walls. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center.

The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Align Walls 1. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The door changes location. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Notice the symbol. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall.s s s s Click the left wall. 5. Select the upper wall first. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. The walls are now aligned. This means that if one wall shifts. 2. Click the center of the door. Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the right wall. 6. the other wall will remain aligned.Doors and Windows . Click the lock icon to enable it. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align.

Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension.) The dimension value is now shown. Right-click. Change the dimension to 16. Dimensions display below it. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 3.4. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. The walls shift and remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Clear the EQ Display value. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 5.

rvt. you placed a continuous dimension. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .6. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 7.Doors and Windows .

click Create Similar.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. especially if there are many different types. On the Modify | Windows tab. Create panel. 1. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. 2. In this exercise. 4. Doors and Windows s 199 . Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.rvt. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.

Doors and Windows . 2. Modify panel. click Copy. The window is copied. 4. Select the window you just placed. The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. 3. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . On the Modify | Windows tab.Copy Windows 1.

6. Right-click.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.5. In this exercise.

heat. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.Doors and Windows .STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. cold. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. The stability of glass in response to wind.

28" b. you learned to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 36" c. a. s Align a door or window. s Place a window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. s Position a door or window. 32" b. Custom 3. a. 32" d. Standard b. True b. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 40" d. s Copy a door or window. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. If a room is used for sleeping. 30" c. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 34" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 2. General Questions 1. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a.

False 2. c. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. 6. Duplicate d. Door and window tags are placed automatically. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. True b. you: a. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. A reference plane b. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click Door Properties. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Use door grips to reposition. Click Modify > Flip Direction. The center snap 7. Copy 8. To center a door or window in a wall. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . a. b. you use: a. a. you use ________. d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. a. To change the location of a door or window. Properties 3. Select the door. Load c. Clone b.Doors and Windows . b. 4. c. d. Offset c. False 5. a. Select the door. True b. Select the door. Insert d. Click Flip Direction. Right-click. Click Door Properties. True b. Link c. Select the door. Load from Library b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click the appropriate blue arrows.

4. Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. s Create railings. (Student) Evaluate students. 3. 6. 5. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 2.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.

List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. List the different stair types. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . After completing this lesson. stair and railing types. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.

This lesson relates to technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. engineering. Engineering. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Math (STEM).

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Once the actual riser height is determined. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Then.

210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.

stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair.

Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.

Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress.

s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum.Stairs and Railings . s Riser height: 4" minimum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. About Stairs and Railings s 215 .Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2".

Stairs and Railings . You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. s Add a railing. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. and spiral stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. of certain horizontal depth or run. or vertical circulation. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. You create stairs in a plan view. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. In multistory buildings. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . As you move the cursor. U-shaped stairs. engineering. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. The riser and run values update accordingly. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. s Modify stairs. ramps. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. s Create U-shaped stairs. This lesson relates to technology. For safety reasons. You can define straight runs. L-shaped runs with a landing. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. and math standards. and stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. or tread. which includes elevators. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. you will be able to: s Create stairs. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. Technology.

This file is in metric units. Before you create the stairs. From the courseware datasets folder. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. Zoom in Region to the lobby. On the Properties palette. 3. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Stairs and Railings s 217 . You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. This enables you to place the stairs properly.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. you create stairs using a straight run. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.rvt. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.

4. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. click Stairs. In this case. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. 5. On the Home tab. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).Stairs and Railings . Run is preselected. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. Click OK to close the dialog box. you create a straight run. Circulation panel. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. These tools are used to define your stairs.

7. If you have not fully created the run. select Finish (green check). Revit displays the number of risers you created. the run footprint stops expanding. On the Mode panel. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 8. Stairs and Railings s 219 . indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. As you move the cursor up. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. 10. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. and then click to define the run of stairs.6. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. To change the run dimension. Select this intersection point to start your run. 9. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. You can continue to move the cursor up.

The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 12. click application menu > Save As > Project. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. In this exercise. you created and placed a straight run stair. and switched to a 3D view. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 13. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.11. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.Stairs and Railings . The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. To avoid overwriting the original file. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.rvt.

The stair is not centered on the landing. Stairs and Railings s 221 .Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Activate view Floor Plans. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. click Align. 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.rvt. On the Modify tab. Level 1.

222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. On the Options Bar. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Click the center of the wall first. Take time to make the selections correctly. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. select Wall centerlines. from the Prefer list.4. If you have a scroll mouse. 5. which is located at the center of the stairs. The Align command remains active.Stairs and Railings . You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Click the center of the stairs.

A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. s Click OK. railings were created with the stairs. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. 9. Change Width to 1350. Select the stairs. Graphics. enter Lobby Stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . and Dimensions subsections. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 8. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. expand Sections (Building Section). s For Name. 7. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. As you prehighlight them. s Click Duplicate. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. study the instance parameters under the Constraints.6. Hover the cursor over the railing. notice that stairs and railings are separate families.

Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Select both railings.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Lobby Stair View. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.10. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

s On the Modify | Stairs tab. s Zoom in on the stairs. 14. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Mode panel. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line.12. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Click it to select it. you change the shape of the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Next. The stair changes to the run sketch. 13. In the Type Selector. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Delete this line. The railings change. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. click Edit Sketch. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe.

226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall.15. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. 16. s Select the arc boundary you just created. s On the Modify panel. 18. click Boundary. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. click the left end of the top riser. 19. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. On the Draw panel.Stairs and Railings . To place the second arc endpoint. Click Modify. Click to place the arc. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 17. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary.

Click CenterEnds-Arc. For the third point. Click to exit the Mirror command. 20. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the left boundary. select the endpoint of the right boundary. the arc center point. First. Next.21. The left boundary will be mirrored. Stairs and Railings s 227 . click Riser. This will define a rounded first step. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.

click Finish. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. On the Mode panel. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . you modified stair properties and boundaries. You also modified the properties of a railing.rvt. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results.22. 23. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings .

To make sure you are selecting the railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Select the right side railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. For simple railings. 3. you need to define a path for the railing. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. s s Sketch a Railing 1. This is typically done in plan view. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Click Modify. Zoom into the landing area as shown. In this case. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you sketch the plan view path. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Stairs and Railings s 229 . 2.rvt from the previous exercise. Therefore. The completed exercise To create a railing.

To set the exact distance.4. click Line.Stairs and Railings . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. s s On the Options Bar. select Chain. On the Draw panel. Then. 5. Once the railing is selected. edit the temporary dimension. The dimensions are shown as a guide. 7. Mode panel. click Edit Path. on the Modify | Railings tab. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. 6. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You do not need to add dimensions. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Select Finish to exit the railing definition.

Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Stairs and Railings s 231 .rvt. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Delete your lines and try again. you used sketch tools to create a railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. 9. 8. In this exercise. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left.

232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. 2. Work Plane panel. you create a reference plane. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.Stairs and Railings . s On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Create a Reference Plane 1. set the Offset value to 850. s On the Home tab. In this exercise.rvt from the previous exercise. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. In a floor plan view.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. the stairs appear as a U-shape. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment.

Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Dark Gray. Circulation panel. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . To start sketching the run. 5. change the Width parameter to 900. enter Exit Stairs. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click OK. Click OK twice. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Click Edit Type. click Stairs. For Name. On the Properties palette. 3. On the Home tab. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Matte 2. 4. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 6. Pull the cursor straight up. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish.

Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Click to place the first run. Move the pointer to the right.Stairs and Railings . enter 1925. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. 9. with none remaining to be created. Press ENTER. 8. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). If you have trouble making the correct distance display.7.

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Remove the additional lines. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. it is because you have overlapping lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. You want to inspect your stairs. you select Continue to return the sketch. Stairs and Railings s 235 . 11. 2. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Use Hide/Isolate 1. On the Stairs panel. click Finish Stairs. Click Finish Stairs again.10. On the View Control bar. To remove the lines. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. but they are hidden behind walls. If you get an error message.

In this exercise. 6. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The walls are now hidden. Select the stairs so they highlight. 2. and to create a U-shaped stair. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Zoom in to see your stairs.Stairs and Railings . so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 3. On the View Control Bar. On the Properties palette. The exterior walls reappear. Reset the Display 1. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs.rvt. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Finally. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 5. This is a multistory stair. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects.3. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 4. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. you learned to create a reference plane.

STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. escalators. and elevators. ramps.

require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. They cost less. this openness makes them fire hazards.Stairs and Railings . and deliver riders without wait time. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. smoke guards. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. Include landings as required by your local building code. but they can also be highly decorative. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

30" b. 40" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. 90 degrees d. True b. 45 degrees c. and all treads should be the same run. you learned to: s Create stairs. True b. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 25 degrees b. s Modify stair boundaries. False 2. s Create railings. a. 32" c. a. b. 36" d. 180 degrees 3. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. General Questions 1. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs.

Pick New Host b. Railings. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. riser lines c. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Home b. Treads. riser d. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Insert 2. Modify c. risers b. You can apply materials to different stair components. Run. Circle 4. a. Line b. Attach Railing c. a.Stairs and Railings . risers and treads. Manage d. a. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. To create railings on stairs without railings. Arc d. a. True b. Boundary lines. False 6. you use the _______ option.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Fasten Railing 5. Rectangle c. True b. that is. risers 3. Align Railing d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a.

Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 5. (Student) 7. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 9. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place fascia. Evaluate Students. (Discussion) 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Review of roof types. (Student) 8. (Student) 10. (Student) 3. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof.

and pitch of a sloped roof. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. It addresses roof construction. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow.Roofs . roof types. Identify the different roof types. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Calculate the rise.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. After completing this lesson. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. and downspouts. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . gutters. run. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. tiles.

technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. This lesson relates to science. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. Technology. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Engineering.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Rake: The inclined. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Math (STEM). About Roofs s 243 .

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

are designed for shedding water and snow. fire-resistant. About Roofs s 245 . rot. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. texture. maintenance. resistance to wind and fire. both low and steep. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. the roofing pattern. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. the roofing pattern. brands. texture. and if visible. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and color. You can use them for many different applications. and low maintenance roofing material. resulting in at least one textured face. Sloped roofs. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. These are used more often on upscale homes. and colors. as well as how effective a shelter it is. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. durability. and sun. and sunlight. They come in several types. and color. resistance to wind and fire. maintenance.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and if visible. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. snow. durability. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation.

In a house with a cathedral ceiling. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof.Roofs . Therefore. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. odor.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. durable. galvanized steel. and insulating capability (R-value). reinforced plastic. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. They are fire-resistant. When choosing the insulation for your job. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and so forth). s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. treatment for insects. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . special characteristics (for example. zinc alloy. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. Unfortunately. fiberglass. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. This same roof on a clear. galvanized steel. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. and require little maintenance. or corrugated structural glass. quality. consider such factors as cost.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains.

The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. eave flashing. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. the requirements for underlayment. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.

Shed One basic face with a slope. Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Roofs . Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

and span. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. run. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . The run value is typically equal to 12. where as. A number indicates the value of the rise. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof.

7-12. 7 on 12. and pitch is noted as a fraction.When designing a roof. 7 to 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7 and 12.Roofs . Slope is usually noted as a ratio. try to specify standard roof pitch. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12.

Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. water. Roofs s 255 .Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. or ice. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. that convey rainwater to drains. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. To create a roof by face. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. s Create various roof types. and fascia. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. snow. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Create a hip roof. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you can add gutters. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Place gutters. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. often supporting a gutter. or roof overhangs. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. To create a roof by the extrusion method. or eaves. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. soffits. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. you work with massing shapes and not building components. dormers. s Create a roof fascia. s Assign roof structure and materials. Once you create a roof.

technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology.Roofs . 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and Language Arts. Engineering. and math standards. engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 3. 4. To create an extruded roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Click OK to continue. Open ADA_Roofs. select the Name option. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. the top of the roof profile is sketched.rvt. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. you create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 2.. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.

s Use the image below for guidance. Click Open View. select Section: Section 1. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 3. Before sketching the roof's profile. The section view should display as shown. 4. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 2.Roofs .5. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. 6. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. click Ref Plane. In the Go To View dialog box. On the Work Plane panel. click Line. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. Draw panel. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value.

s Click Modify. Roofs s 259 . sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using the image below for guidance. 5. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.6. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value.

Click OK. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. Click Modify. The name displays when you select the reference plane. Right-click.Roofs . Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 4. enter Horizontal. click Finish (green check). 3. click Chain. you can label them. On the Mode panel. 2. 6. s On the Options Bar. 5. On the Properties palette. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. for Name. 1. 7. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane.

Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view. 9.12" type. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .

1. Using the images for guidance. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. Edit Geometry panel. On the Modify tab. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 3. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 2. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . This is a two-step process. Select the edge of the roof as shown. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again.

3. This will join the wall tops to the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. select Attach Wall: Top. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. Trim Walls 1. To select both walls together. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select the roof. In the Project Browser. On the Options Bar. open the view Sections: Section 1. Roofs s 263 . The roof is now trimmed on both sides.4. 2. On the Modify Wall panel. However. Select both walls.

Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. The roof now looks correct. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.4. In this exercise.rvt. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 5. Switch to a 3D view.Roofs . s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.

Because you are in a 3D view. so you look straight down as in a plan. 3. Build panel. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. by Footprint. Unit7_first_roof. select Garage Roof. From the drop-down list. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. a dialog box is displayed.rvt. Click Yes. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. 4. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. you create a gable roof using a footprint. from existing walls. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . 1. The inner loops define openings in the roof. On the Home tab. The footprint sketch is created at 2.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. In this exercise.

6. Next. 7. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. click Pick Walls. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. If you place a line on the wrong side. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Defines Slope. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. select the vertical wall on the left.0". s On Options Bar. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . clear the Defines slope option.5. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. Use the image below for guidance. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 8.Roofs .

Click the 9"/12" text. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. It becomes an editable field. To complete the roof. The new roof displays. 1. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. 3. Change this value to 6"/12". click Finish. Click Modify. That value displays next to the slope arrow. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. click Yes. By default. Other controls also display. When a roof line is set to slope defining. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Roofs s 267 . 2. change the value to 6"/12". When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Select the right side roof line. Select the left slope defining line. defining lines separately.

Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. 5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt.4. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. In this exercise.

click to select them. you create a gable roof using a footprint. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Roofs s 269 . Open view Floor Plan: Level 3.rvt. 3. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 4. When all of the walls prehighlight.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. To chain-select all of the walls. On Home tab. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. On the Options Bar. Build panel. set the overhang to 1' 0". Clear Defines Slope. The file opens to a 3D view. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1.

270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . On the Draw panel. 3. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Right-click. 2.Create a Roof Opening 1. click Rectangle. On the Options Bar. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Zoom into the chimney area. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Using the image for guidance. As an alternate. 4.

horizontal line. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. Select the left lower horizontal line. 6. On the Options Bar. On the Options Bar. click Yes. select the Defines Slope. Select the uppermost. Click Finish. 3. Click Modify.Add Slope Lines 1. Roofs s 271 . select Defines Slope. 5. 2. As in the previous exercise. The slope indicator displays. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 4.

Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.Roofs .rvt. and chimney penetration. attached walls. In this exercise. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. 8.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Select the three walls shown in the image. 2. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Zoom into the area shown.0". Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 5. The file should open to a 3D view. 3. On the Options Bar. 4. Select Defines Slope.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. you create a hip roof. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Create the Roof 1. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Build panel.rvt. set Overhang to 2' . Roofs s 273 .

0". Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Switch to a 3D View. Roof sketches must create a closed loop.7. 3.Roofs . To close the roof sketch. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. In addition. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . On the Properties palette. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. 6. 2. Right-click the ViewCube. Click OK. click Line. s s Clear Defines Slope. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Finish to complete the roof. s On the Draw panel. Raise the Roof 1. you use the Line tool. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.

Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. and then joined it to a wall. In this exercise. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .2. you created a hip roof using a footprint.

The file should open to a 3D view. 3. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. click Pick Walls. 4. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Clear Defines Slope. 6. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. 7. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 5. Create a Shed Roof 1. 2. click Line.rvt. Roofs s 277 . Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.

Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 11. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Slope to 6" / 12".8. On the Properties palette. horizontal line at the front of the roof.Roofs . 12. Click Modify. Select the lower. Right-click the line. 13. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 10. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 9.

Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. you created a shed roof using a footprint. In this exercise. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 17. Finish the Roof.14. click Yes. Switch to a 3D view.rvt. 16. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. 18. Roofs s 279 . Click OK. 15.

5.rvt. Cutoff Level list. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.Roofs . 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Activate the view North Elevation. 2.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open the Default 3D view. The roof updates. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Select the Roof. 3. You see four levels defined in the model. select Level 3. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. On the Properties palette. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the menu bar. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 4.

On the Options Bar. set the slope value to 3"/12". 12. 13. On the Draw panel. click Pick Lines. Roofs s 281 . you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 10. 8. In this exercise.6. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. select Defines Slope. Zoom and spin to see your model. Switch to a 3D View. To set the slope for the new roof.rvt. 11. 7. Select the inner rectangle as shown. on the Properties palette. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 9. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. Finish the Roof. On the Home tab.

The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 2. The file should open to a 3D view.Roofs .Asphalt Shingle Insulated. thereby reducing energy consumption. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.rvt. 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 3. Select the main roof over the house. In the Type Selector. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" .

enter Clay Tile. click Edit Type. It is a generic roof type. Select the roof over the garage. 4. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. click Duplicate. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. For Name. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. click Edit.Define a Roof Structure 1. For Structure Value. Select Layer 2 as shown. 3. s Click OK. 2. 5. Roofs s 283 . To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Click Insert to add a layer.

In the Fill Pattern dialog box. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 7. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". The garage roof displays a pattern. Click OK twice. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK. 8. In this exercise. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 6.Roofs .rvt. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. select Model.

4.rvt. In this exercise. On the Home tab. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. to support a gutter. On the Insert tab. 2. Roofs s 285 . Open ADA_Roof_Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rfa. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. 3. click Roof > Fascia. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Click Open. In the Open dialog box. or for decoration. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.

286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. Click Duplicate. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK.Roofs . Matte. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7.5. 6. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. for Profile. Set the Material value to Metal . For Name. click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. just loaded: s On the Properties palette.

Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9.8. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Roofs s 287 . Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied.rvt.

Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. The file should open to a 3D view. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Bevel: 5" x 5". click Roof > Gutter. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. 5. Click OK. 2. you add gutters to a building. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. 3. so as not to detract from the design of the building. On the Home tab.Roofs . Click OK. 6. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Gutter . Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. under Profile parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. click Edit Type.rvt. The completed exercise 4. s Click Duplicate. For Name. 1. Place Gutters In this exercise. Under Material parameter. select Metal Aluminum.

In this exercise. Segments will clean up at corners. 8. If you click the interior face. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Roofs s 289 . you attached gutters to a roof. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.rvt. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 9. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. the gutter displays on the wrong side. 10. 11.7. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia.

Roofs . heat.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and cold. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s Using your own house.m.

A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. s Place gutters. General Questions 1. s Place fascia. Shed 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 2. When referring to roof slope.Roofs . False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Low b. High d. True b. a. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Gable b. None of the above 3. a. Medium c. Hip c. a. the run is always 12. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. True b. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. s Define a roof structure. Gambrel d.

Slope c. pick d. Face 3. Add Slope b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. place a check mark next to: a. True b. Footprint b. b. sketch. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Turn slopes on or off. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. c. False 7. a. Roofs can be created using ______. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. A compound roof contains layers. face b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. a. Footprint. Sketch c. Change the direction of the roof. Walls d. Expand/Contract 6. True b. lines c. a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Footprint. extrusion. SHIFT c. ENTER 4. False 5. Footprint b. True b. a. Trim/Extend b. Sketch. Defines Slope c. Cut/Lengthen c. Material 8. Change the direction of the slope. 10. a. Activate Slope 9. Extrusion d. profile. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Create Slope d. extrusion. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Create an opening. To add a slope to a roofline. a. ______ or _______. DEL d. a. you use: a. Walls. TAB b. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. d. profile 2.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Create slope annotations. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create filled regions. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7.

About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. the location of special equipment. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and tool racks. After completing this lesson. bathrooms.Sections and Elevations . In a residential building. In a commercial structure. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. Sections are used to examine the roof. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and special equipment. floor. cabinetry. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. the kitchen. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. engineering. and math standards. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

on the long axis of the building. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. and are properly cross-referenced.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. across its narrower dimension. and foundation plans. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . t Cross or transverse sections. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. framing. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Methods of construction for the framing crew.

full. partial. unnecessary. and steel.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . such as framing connections and foundation details. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. For larger elevations. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . such as doors and windows.Sections and Elevations . s The position relationship between different elements. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

For siding. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. followed by any additional information about spacing. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. people. or methods of installation. and then the name of the material. You may. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. With interior elevations. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation." Mfr. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. however. The size of the object is listed first. quantity.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. bushes. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Therefore. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. South. East. shadows. cars. this is reversed. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Unnecessary Information Shades. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. the titles assigned (North. and so forth. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. For a wood structure. For example. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations.

It can also be used around doorways and windows. and materials used. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. dishwashers. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. doors. This is more costly than regular overlay. which is a formed pressboard.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Molding is usually made of plaster. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. flush overlay. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. doors and direction of door swings.Sections and Elevations . Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. and other appliances. chamfers. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Hinges are concealed. tile. This is usually done using a topset. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. coving. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". wood. The trim is usually glued into place. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. It may have curves. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. or linoleum) and the wall. and special equipment such as toilets. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. casements. other openings. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . or decorative patterns. shelf arrangements. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. or a baseboard. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. and types of finish materials used. or MDF. and lip. Molding is normally decorative in nature. windows.

Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. which you can then add to a sheet. and a section symbol on all plans. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . This automatically creates the section view in the model. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations. s Change the section head. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. s Place a section view on a sheet.

The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. engineering. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. like an elevation.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. A section is a horizontal view. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. and Language Arts. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Math (STEM). Once created. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. Engineering.Sections and Elevations . Technology. and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science.

the section symbol does not display in that plan view. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. or other section view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. elevation. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. it includes a crop region to resize the view.Sections and Elevations . By resizing the crop region. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. the section does not display in the elevation view. When you create a section view.

the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. such as anchor bolts and siding. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Add detail notes. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. which is spoken as 2 in 12. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. tracing over the existing elements. s Add structural details. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. the slope of this roof is 2:12. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. In a set of construction documents. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Add breaklines as needed. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Details are crucial for effective construction. In the example shown. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. The slope is the ratio rise:run. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. Once you create the detail section. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. So.

310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.Sections and Elevations . try to specify standard roof pitch.

you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The file opens to a 3D view. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 4. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. On the View tab. The completed exercise 6. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". click Section. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 3.rvt. Open the file ADA_Sections. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Create panel. The Section command is available from the View tab.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. 2.

The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. With the section line selected.Sections and Elevations . the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. 3. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Section Properties 1. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. This is called the crop region. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. and it has control grips to resize it. The actual location is not critical. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2. On the Properties palette. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary.

When you drew the section line. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. In this exercise. 5. Clear Crop Region Visible. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. 6. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. you automatically created a section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. In the Properties palette. Sections and Elevations s 313 . 7.rvt. The section view updates. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them.4. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). change Far Clip Offset to 10. 8. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.

rfa. On the Insert tab. Section Head .No Arrow. The view does not change. click Duplicate.1 point Filled. and Section Head . Settings panel. They include Section Head . click Load Family. In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. Load from Library panel. Click Open to load the family. Several section head families are available. For Name. 7. On the Manage tab. In this exercise. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 3. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 2. Click OK. 5.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. 6. Select Section Head-Open. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. enter Open Arrow.rvt.Sections and Elevations .Filled. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.

For Section Head. On the Properties palette.Open. 10. 14. In the Section Tag field. Select the section line. click Edit Type. Save as Unit8_section_open. 12. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. In this exercise.rvt. For Name. Click OK. select Section Head . 9. The section head updates to the new head type. select Open Arrow. 13. Click OK. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Click Duplicate.8. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Sections and Elevations s 315 . 11. enter Open Arrow.

On the View tab. 6. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. This is a building section. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 4. On the Options Bar. 2. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 3. To reposition the callout head.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. Create panel. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 5.Sections and Elevations . click Callout. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. select the border of the callout. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise.rvt. Use the image below for guidance. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0".

change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 8. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 4. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. On the Properties palette. Detail panel. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.7. 3. Sections and Elevations s 317 .rvt. On the Annotate tab. as shown. detail components. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. You can add detail lines. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 2. click Region > Filled Region. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. On the Options Bar. Line is selected automatically. On the Draw panel. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. but not strongly. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. select Chain. 1. region patterns. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line.

Sections and Elevations . 6. enter Earth. For Name.5. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. 7. Select the upper and right side lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click OK. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.

On the Annotate tab. If you zoom in closer. click Component > Detail Component. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. On the Mode panel. Click Open. click Load Family. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . From the Fill Pattern list. Click OK. On the Place Detail Component tab. Detail panel. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. the filled region may appear as solid fill. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 9.8.Section. Sections and Elevations s 319 . 3. the pattern becomes visible.rfa. 2. 1. select Finish (green check). Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.

Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Specify Types dialog box. Click OK.4. 5. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.

8. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance.6. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. From the Type Selector list. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. select Plywood. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary. 7. Using the image below for guidance.

This component represents the subflooring. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 11. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. Click Component > Detail Component. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations . 12. Select the vertical plywood. select anchor bolt. 10. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Use the image below for guidance.9. From the Type Selector. Place the component similarly to the image below. On the Properties palette. set the Thickness to 3/4". The exact vertical placement is not critical.

select Lap Siding.13. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. select Multiple. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . 14. select Copy. Add another Detail Component. Use the image below for guidance. On the Options Bar. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector.

Save the file. 16. Detail panel.15. From the Line Style Selector. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. click Detail Line. select Wide Lines. Add Detail Lines 1.Sections and Elevations . 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Start at the end of the siding. On the Annotate tab.

click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. 5. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 4. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall.3. Sections and Elevations s 325 . The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Zoom out. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Still using Wide Lines.

Save the file. 8. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. identified as Wall material 1. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Add Insulation 1. 9. select the Material field in row 3. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Next. Select the wall so it highlights. click Insulation. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar.6. Click Modify. Right-click. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 7. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. 2. The wall display updates. Click Edit in the Structure field.Sections and Elevations . In the Edit Assembly dialog box. 10. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

click Component > Detail Component. Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. On the Annotate tab. 1. select Break Line. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Sections and Elevations s 327 . From the Type Selector. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.2. 3. Your view should resemble the image shown.

You place another breakline.Sections and Elevations . The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Zoom to Fit. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 7. detail lines.4. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. The view should resemble the image shown. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. 5. In this exercise. 6. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. and detail components to it. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Save the file. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. To complete the detail. Place the breakline as shown.

The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . 2. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). and ventilation methods in construction documents. 3. s Clear Annotation Crop. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. weatherproofing. With nothing selected in the view. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. To add notes. The size of the object is listed first. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The border around the view will disappear.rvt. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. quantity. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 1.

8. click Text. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .4" WEATHERING.Sections and Elevations . 7.4. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 6. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. As you pull your cursor to the right. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. leader arrow as shown. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Format panel. Finally. 5. Text panel. R13. click Two Segments. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 12. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 10. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. From the Type list. On the Annotate tab. 9. insulation. Move the pointer up 11. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.

Start the next text at the anchor bolt.C.. 16.TYPE X. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.C. 18. CONT is short for Continuous.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. O. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. as the second line of text. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the interior wall.C. Enter 5/8" GWB .. Click off the text to finish the entry. 17. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. 15. 14. 20. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. or wood treated with preservative against rot. . 19. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the baseboard. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.13. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics.

Click Zoom to Fit.. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In this exercise. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Click ENTER to start a second line. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . 23. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. 22.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify.Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 21.

or elevation view. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. In this exercise. In the Project Browser. Right-click. Locate the A-Landscape. and locate the detail view on it. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 2. Click Open. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Highlight your title block. 6. section. 4. 3. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Click OK to exit the dialog box. highlight Sheets. Click New Sheet.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. The new sheet becomes the current view. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. you will want to add the views to a sheet. click Load. 5.rvt. you create a new sheet with your custom title block.

click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Select a Level Line. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. click Show Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Both Level ends will move together. 8. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet.Sections and Elevations . You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view.7. Drag it to the right. In the Project Browser. Click the control at its left end. select view Detail at Foundation. close to the crop border. 9.

13. Click OK. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.rvt. highlight the new sheet. 11. Click Rename. Right-click. For Number. In this exercise.301. 12. you: s Created a new sheet. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. For Name. Click Zoom to Fit. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.10. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. s Modified the label values in the title block. In the Project Browser. enter S. Sections and Elevations s 335 .

and west. s Add material notes. east. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Select Elevations. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. four elevation views are included: north. s Set the display for building components as needed. south. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker.Sections and Elevations . The elevation markers are now visible. Open ADA_Elevations. Click OK. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). It is defined by the green dotted line.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add any necessary dimensions. Click the Annotations tab. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. Right-click. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Add slope indication for roof. 3. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 5. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 6. When you create a project with a template. 4.

On the Modelling tab. On the Annotations tab. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. On the View Control Bar. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Switch to an Elevation View 1. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. 4. 5. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Next.2. 3. clear Sections. clear Planting. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet.

select Edit in the Structure field. and modified the wall display characteristics. 12. 11. click Edit Type. you activated an elevation view. Select Sand. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. 10. On the Properties palette. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . modified its display. In the Type Properties dialog box. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. In this exercise.Sections and Elevations .rvt.Exterior Stucco. Select the wall. click to open the list.7. In Surface Pattern. Click the button that displays to select a material. 13. 9. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. It will be identified as Condo . 8.

Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Set the Leader type to One Segment.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. 3. or methods of installation. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.rvt. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. 4. In the Type Selector. Enter TX. Sections and Elevations s 339 . 2. quantity. 5. Add a note for the foundation. Add a note for the stone wall.

you added text notes to your exterior elevation.6.Sections and Elevations . 8. Add a note for the brick wall. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. 9.rvt. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 7. Add a note for the roof.

6. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. 1. Dimension panel. click Spot Slope. On the Options Bar. 5. 4. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. select Triangle. enter 1/8".rvt. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Click again to locate the slope indicator. For Offset from Reference. from the Slope Representation list. Sections and Elevations s 341 . On the Annotate tab. 2. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Click to select the roof line. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 3.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise.

7. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. 9.Sections and Elevations . Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. click Aligned. Click to locate the slope indicator. Click Modify. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Click to select the roof line. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 11. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. On the Annotate tab. 10. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Dimension panel.

12. and vertical dimensions. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. In this exercise. select wall breaks and levels. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes. and dimensions for clarity. Sections and Elevations s 343 . leaders.rvt. 13. The west elevation now contains material notes. 14. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. slope indicators.

or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. Highlight the view.Sections and Elevations .rvt.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. special closets. 2. equipment rooms. Right-click. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. kitchens. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. 3. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . dimensions. Click Open View. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Click Find Referring Views. In the Project Browser. In this exercise. This view was already defined in the drawing. and cabinetry. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.

Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. click OK. In the Name box. On the Annotate tab. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. click Aligned. 6. Dimension panel.4. Select Suppress 0 Feet. 5. 7. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Right-click. s s s s Click Duplicate. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Clear Use Project Settings. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes.

Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 10. You modified a dimension style. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. In this exercise. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .rvt. Using the Text and Dimension tools.9.Sections and Elevations . and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. detail the interior section.

a. c. Bathrooms and kitchens b. s Create slope annotations.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. The orientation of the exterior elevation. b. 4. s Create material annotations. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Indicate the location of doors and windows. it depends. Cabinetry d. The direction the structure is facing. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. such as north. Either one. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. b. Not in Contract c. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Nobody in Charge d. Not in Concrete b. c. Walls c. Show the relationships between elements. General Questions 1. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. d. s Create a section view. The direction the viewer is facing. s Create filled regions. False 3. All of the above. All of the above 5. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 2. True b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. is always the true orientation.

Filled regions with hatch patterns d. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. North 3. b and c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. South d. a. True b. Click Add View. c. The Visual Style of the view. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . East b. West c. Element properties c. False 5. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Right-click. click Sheet Composition > View. b. d. The boundaries of the view. On the View tab. c. The height of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The dotted line indicates: a. but not a 6.Sections and Elevations . d. True b. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. The detail level of the view. you use: a. 4. Which elevation is it? a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. a. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. Sun and Shadow b. False 2.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. s Export a schedule. 2. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 3. you will be able to: s Create a schedule.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. Lesson Plan 1. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . s Reformat a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Load a schedule tag. Review Schedules. 6. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .

350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules . After completing this lesson. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. height. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. Math (STEM).column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. width. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. About Schedules s 351 . This lesson relates to science. and thickness. about the building objects in your architectural plan. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. technology. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. Some of these building objects include. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. and math standards. such as reference number.

While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. Instance. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. There are different types of schedule tables. the same primary information is included.Schedules . some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. However. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . depending on the style of the architectural firm. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.

the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Like schedules. However. window. and A for appliances. A circle. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. E for electrical.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. hexagon. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The following image shows door. Using the software. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedules . Other letters are P for plumbing.

drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. and you can create your own schedules. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. equipment. Engineering. windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. Project templates include preset schedules. s Create a room schedule. s Export a schedule. materials. technology. and Language Arts. Math (STEM).Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Technology. Schedules list items such as doors. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Add room tags. engineering. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Schedules s 355 . and math standards. rooms. hardware. This lesson relates to science.

Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. 2. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.rvt. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.Schedules . s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.

4. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. In Available Fields. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Height. Level. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Add Count. Click Add. Continue to add fields to the schedule. 3. 7. Type Mark. and Width. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. select Comments. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 6. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Schedules s 357 . Select Windows from the list.s Window Tag 5. On the View tab.

9. Select the fields. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .8. from left to right. Click OK to finish the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.

select Type Mark. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. From the Sort By list. but without any useful calculations yet.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 2. 3. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Select Blank Line. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Schedules s 359 . The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 1.

click the schedule name. in the Then By sorting field. Rather than make a manual calculation. in this case). Notice how the schedule has changed. In order to calculate the total number of windows. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. click Edit. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. The schedule still does not show totals by window type.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. clear Itemize Every Instance. 1. for Sorting/ Grouping. In the Project Browser. select Level. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. 3. 2. On the Properties palette. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . you change the instance schedule to a type schedule.Schedules . On the Sorting/Grouping tab. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. you can have the schedule report this. 4.

select Footer. On the Properties palette. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.5. for Sorting/ Grouping. Schedules s 361 . s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Set the schedule to display category totals. click Edit 7. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Count. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark.rvt. In this exercise. From the list. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. The totals for each window type now display. 6. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Title. and Totals. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.

Locate the file named Room Tag. Room size. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. On the Home tab. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Room & Area panel. 5. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. based on the amount of space in each room. In this exercise.rvt. click Room > Room. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.Schedules . 4. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. ceiling type. floor type. 2. Open ADA_Room_Tags. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Click Open. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. occupancy.

Click Modify to terminate the placement. Schedules s 363 . The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. a total of 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. and in the hall as shown. On the Home tab.In the Type Selector. 6. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 8. 7. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan.

11. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click Modify. Select Room #2. The room tag updates. s Click the Room text. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box.Schedules . The cursor changes to sketch mode.9. 13. 12. click Room. On the Room & Area panel. Place a room tag below the room separation line. s Change the word Room to Manager. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 10. An edit box activates. The area value for Room 7 updates.

you: s Loaded a room tag. s Tagged various objects.rvt. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. In this exercise. s Changed room tag field values. for Name. s Added a room separation. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. 15. enter Sales. Schedules s 365 . On the Properties palette.14. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information.

Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Set the Sort By value to Number. select Number. Create a Room Schedule 1. Click OK. 6.Schedules . enter Square Footage Report. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 4. The completed exercise 5. Create panel. In the Available Fields pane. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 3. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click Add--> after each selection. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. On the View tab. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. and Area to be included in your schedule.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.rvt. For Name. Name. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. The New Schedule dialog box displays. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 2.

s Set Units to Square Feet. clear Use Project Settings. Change the Heading to No. 8. s Select Calculate Totals. Click OK. Schedules s 367 . 9. Highlight the Number field. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. In the Format dialog box. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Alignment to Right. 10. s Click Field Format. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Select Title and Totals from the list.7. Select Grand Totals. Click the Formatting tab. Highlight the Area field.

11. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 12. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display.Schedules . Click OK to exit the dialog box. you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. In this exercise.rvt. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Totaled one of the columns.

Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Note the formatting that has been applied.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. 3. locate the file you created. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications.rvt. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Browse to a directory to save your report. you export the room schedule to a text file. 5. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Schedules s 369 . 4. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. You can then use this file in other applications. 2. Click Save.txt) file. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. The file is created. 6. Double-click it to open it. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. On the application menu. Click OK. Using your Windows Explorer.

Close the text file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program.7. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.Schedules . The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. 8. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. In this exercise. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

Type b. A list of sheets used in a project. a. a. None of the above. c. A list of information that defines specific building objects. What is a schedule table? a. s Load a schedule tag. b. 2. True b. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Matrix d. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 4. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. Quantity c. s Export a schedule. s Reformat a schedule. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Questions 1. Instance 3. s Place a schedule tag. False Summary/Questions s 371 . A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. d. True b.

Manage tab 3. a. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . View tab c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. use the ____ . XLS c. TXT b. Application menu d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a.Schedules . Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. Annotate b. To export a schedule. Modify 2. Home d. Annotate tab b. CSV d. View c.

Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Lesson Plan 1. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 5. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. 3. 2. Review Visualization.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .

Finally. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Play a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. s Orient walls and windows. and Language Arts. s Apply shading to a view. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you create a walkthrough. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Add planting components. s Export an FBX file.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Place a camera. s Assign materials. Math (STEM). After completing this lesson.Visualization . s Create and edit a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Export a DWG file. Technology. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. or camera on a path. Engineering.

Open Floor Plan View Level 1. s Make a camera view the active view. courseware datasets. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s s 2.rvt. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. You worked on animations. Click Zoom to Fit. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Open Unit2_custom_family. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Assign materials.

click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The wall display updates.Visualization . verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Right-click. Select one of the exterior walls. 4. 6. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select any exterior wall. Stud.3. 5. If you do not see any change in the wall display. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The walls now display layers of materials. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl.

Select walls. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. 10. 8. Click OK. In addition to using the control arrows. Select Site: Grass. Right-click. you can: s s s 9. Visualization s 377 . Click Change wall's orientation.7. Repeat the process for the windows. Open the Default 3D view. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. On the Properties palette. Select the toposurface object. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly.

Select the Roof. In the Select File to Import dialog box.rvt. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. for Files of type. Export the Model to FBX 1. Open 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. click Export > FBX. Click OK in any notices and warnings. click Import > Import. 3. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. and click Open. 12. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Save the file as Unit10_Export. Select the file name. Depending on your system resources. Note the file location.11. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. On the application menu. This will filter the file list. you have completed this exercise. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. 2.FBX).Visualization . Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view.

In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. There is no way to update it from Revit. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Depending on your system resources. Note the file location. Visualization s 379 . Close the file without saving. Export the Model to DWG 1.4. click Next. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. open Unit10_Export. 3. If necessary. 2. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. you have completed this exercise. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.rvt.

8. Click Open. open Unit10_Export. In the File Link Manager . Select two windows as shown. click Attach This File. Open 3ds Max Design. 6. click References > File Link Manager.max. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.rvt. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Select the file name. Open or return to Revit. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Close the File Link Manager.4. 7. click File.Visualization . 9. If necessary. 5. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.

The windows have updated. Save the export file using the same name as before.10. In the dialog box. 12. Save the file. Open the 3D view. 13. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. On the application menu. 11. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Visualization s 381 . click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before.

Open the File Link Manager. In this exercise. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. The linked file updates. s Close the File Link Manager.Visualization . s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. Open the Files tab. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Oriented walls and windows. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. The windows have changed.14. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Click Reload. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 15. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Changed a material definition.

The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. change materials. Create panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. In this exercise. click Camera. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. 2. 3. Open the Site view. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. add plantings to the model. as shown.rvt. you place a camera in a model. and create a second rendering. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Open Unit10_Export. If you place the camera too close to the model. Place a Camera 1. Visualization s 383 . generate a rendering. On the View tab.

s s s s Open a floor plan view. Render Setup 1. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. Return to the perspective view. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.Visualization . If necessary. Right-click. 7. The camera perspective view opens. 5. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open the Site view again. 6. 2. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. The camera will be visible. Click Show Camera. On the View Control Bar. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. click Show Rendering Dialog. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.4. select Very Few Clouds. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser.

and Lighting. Visualization s 385 . Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Enhance the Model 1. Open the Site view. Open view 3D View 1. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Accept the default settings for Quality. Model Site panel. Click Render. 3.30' approximately as shown. On the Massing & Site tab. click Site Component. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Click Render.3. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 2. Output Settings.

4. Click Edit in the Structure field. Change Materials 1. click OK. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Show the Model. On the Properties palette. In the Rendering dialog box. and you can now select elements for editing. 2. In the Layer 1 Material field.Wood Shake. select Roofing . 5. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 5. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 3. Select an exterior wall. click Save to Project. click Edit Type. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. 6. Revit places the image in its own view.Visualization . 4. The model displays in the view. In the Materials list. In the Save to Project dialog box. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box.

10. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. Select the icon next to Masonry . Click the Render Appearance tab. 9. 8. Visualization s 387 . Click Replace.

Save the file as Unit10_render. In the Rendering dialog box. In this exercise. s Created a raytrace setup. 12. These images are now available as options to present to a client.Visualization . click Render. Select Masonry . Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. s Placed site planting components in the model. 16. click Save to Project. 14. In the Rendering dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view. 15. s Edited materials in model components. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Brick Uniform Running Brown.rvt. s Generated and captured a second render image. Click OK. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 13. s Generated and captured a render image.11.

The cursor changes to a crosshair. s View the animation in a media player. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. In this exercise. Visualization s 389 . or walkthroughs. To place a key frame. Open floor plan view Level 1. 3. s On the View tab. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. in a project model. Each view. s Edit the camera and path. and exported individually. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. 4. The camera and path can be edited. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. click to the left of the model as shown. Click Zoom to Fit. s Right-click. 2. s Right-click again. or frame. along the path can be viewed in different modes. rendered.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. Click Zoom Out (2x). Create panel. Open Unit10_render. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. click 3d View > Walkthrough.rvt.

6. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Finish Walkthrough. The camera is located on the final key frame. Drag it to the left. Walkthrough panel. 7. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. The Options Bar changes. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. 10. 9. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . so that the camera is pointing at the model.Visualization . click Edit Walkthrough. Select the direction control for the camera. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera.5. On the Modify | Cameras tab. 8. 11.

13. From the Controls list.12. 2. Click Open. If camera positions distort. 3. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Visualization s 391 . On the Walkthrough panel. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. select Path. Drag the path away from the model as shown. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Click Edit Walkthrough. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Check the view in several key frames. click Next Key Frame.

The walkthrough plays in the view window. 3. File Name. 2. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the application menu.Visualization . Click OK.Play the Walkthrough 1. Click Play.rvt. notice where you save the file. click OK. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Video Compression dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Export the Walkthrough 1. Revit generates the external AVI file. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click Save. 2. In the Length/Format dialog box. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 4.

such as shaded or rendering. 6. Visualization s 393 . Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Plan your class time accordingly. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.

If you have made changes to the building model. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .7. In this exercise. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Edited the path. save the Revit Architecture file. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the animation file in a media player.Visualization . s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.

Print to File b. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. True b. Questions 1. False 2. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Play a walkthrough.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Apply shading to a view. Demolish 2. s Create and edit a walkthrough. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. a. True b. you use: a. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Orient walls and windows. s Place a camera. s Export an FBX file. s Create a raytrace rendering. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Add planting components. Align c. Export > FBX 3. True b. Split b. s Export a DWG file. Save As > FBX c. s Export a walkthrough. View > Shading d. s Assign materials. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. a.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Lesson Plan 1. In the following exercises. (Student) Evaluate Students. beams and braces.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. beams. beam systems. foundations. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 6. Review structural columns. and braces. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . you learn how to place structural columns. 2. 5.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components.

About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . beams. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.Structural . For example. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. About Structural Members s 399 .Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

walls. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. especially columns.Structural . 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other building objects. Knowing where structural members.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. After completing this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Engineering. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Create column grids. Structural s 401 . Technology. Place columns and beams on grids. and Language Arts.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Place beam systems and braces. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. In residential construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Select a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. wood. Beams connect columns or walls.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. spans without walls. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. or concrete.Structural . 1. 2. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. often mainly glass. Open Deck Framing. Structural columns can be steel. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . or reinforced concrete. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. 3. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. beams can be steel.Hide Category. wood. In this exercise. As with columns. this is known as post and beam construction. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . They come in types defined by size and shape. On the View Control Bar. click Column > Structural Column. On the Build panel of the Home tab.

6. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. On the View Control Bar. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. In the Type Selector. 5. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 8. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 3A. On the Options Bar. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. and 4B. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Structural s 403 . click Depth. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 7. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1".4. Repeat at grid intersections 2A.

The columns are now hidden by the floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click OK. Open Plan View Deck Framing. and columns clearly. 11.Structural . 10. rail. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Place Beams 1. Right-click. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Zoom in so you can see the deck. 2. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .9. In the Project Browser. Click Hide In View > Element. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two floors.

To place beams: Structural s 405 .3. select Chain. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. 5. click Beam. Click. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. s In the view window. On the Structure tab. Structure panel. On the Options Bar. 4.

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2.Structural . 7. Click. On the Properties palette. 6. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Structural s 407 . Save the file as Deck Beams. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. Click. 12. Click on grid intersection B4. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Beam. click Make Wall Bearing. Structure panel. 9.8. s Place a beam from A2 to A3.rvt. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Click Modify. In this exercise. 11. On the Properties palette. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. as shown. Click OK.

or number of beams in a bay. The completed exercise 5. Structure panel. In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click No.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. 3. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. click Pick Supports.rvt. s Place braces. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. click Sketch Beam System. Place Beam Systems 1. 2.Structural . A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. On the Structure tab. Click the beam on Grid 1. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. distance. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . you: s Place beam systems. 4. click Beam System. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Open Deck Beams. This is the direction indicator for the beam system.

Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2.6. 7. click Line. as shown.

Click the beam on Grid 2. click Create Similar.2".Structural . 11. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. On the Properties palette. On the Mode panel. click Pick Supports. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s 9. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .6". set Elevation to -0'-9". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . click Line. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. On the Properties palette. Click Finish. Trim as necessary. click Finish (green check).8. 10. s s On the Draw panel. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s s s On the Draw panel.

double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Adjust the view crop region as shown. 5. click Brace. In the Project Browser.Place Braces 1. as shown. 3. On the Structure tab. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. unlike regular elevations. Structure panel. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Create panel. Open Plan View Deck Framing. It has an automatic work plane. On the View Control Bar. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. On the View tab. Click to place the elevation. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 2. 4. Structural s 411 .

9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.Structural . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.6. In the view window. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat the brace going right to left. to start the brace. 7. In the Type Selector. Click Modify. 8.

rvt. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. In this exercise.10.

s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. s s In the view window. and section views. The exact length is not critical. elevation. 2. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. In plan views. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. as shown. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. In this exercise. and walls. Datum panel. click Grid. The exact location is not critical. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Pull the cursor straight up. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. click in the lower left to start a grid line. but they can also be angular and radial. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Grid datasets. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. You can change a grid number at any time. The numbering automatically increments. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. This is a common step early in designing a large building.Structural . beams. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".3. Click to place a new grid line. 4.

Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". s Select Grid Line 2. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.5. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. Pull the cursor to the left. The new grid line will be number 3. click Copy. The new grid line is number 5. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 6. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.Structural . Grid 3 is already the selection set. close to the heads. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. Enter A at the keyboard. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 7. Pull the cursor to the right. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Press ENTER. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. click to place the grid line. Click to start a grid line.

s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right.1 is still selected. Grid 2. Structural s 417 . 11. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.1. Change the number to 2. On the grid line. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. This grid line will be number B. Click outside the bubble to enter the number.8. s Select grid 2. 10. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. This completes the main grid. s Click Copy. The Grid tool is still active. s Click to place the grid line. 9. click the elbow control to place an offset.

Change the number to EE. s Click to start the grid line. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. On the Draw panel. 3.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Click in the new grid bubble. click Radius. s s Click grid intersection D3. 4. Click to place the grid head. click Grid. In the Radius field. On the Options Bar. Press ENTER. Zoom to Fit. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. Create panel. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". The Grid tool is still active. click Pick. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . set Offset to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.Structural .000 o . select Center-Ends Arc. On the Home tab. enter 15.

Structural s 419 . Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Select grid 3 to show its controls. You will need to identify it easily. Click to place grid FF. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 6.5. 7. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.

s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. Revit will create grid 32. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Click grid intersection D3. 9. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. Click in the new grid bubble. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.8. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Select grid 3. Press ENTER. s Select grid 31. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Zoom to Fit. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s In this exercise. Enter 31 to change the name. click Mirror .000. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. Click to place the grid line. 11. s 10. click Create Similar.Pick Axis.rvt.

Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. This is a steel column. click Column > Structural Column. you typically create a grid.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Use a column grid to place beams. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural s 421 . Open ADA_Grids-complete. s 3. In this exercise. In the Type Selector. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. 2. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Change a grid layout. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structure panel. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. s Add footings to columns. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. As a result. Now you place columns at grid intersections.

s s On the Options Bar. On the Multiple panel. set Height to Level 3. 4. A. 2. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 4. click Finish. 5. In the Multiple panel. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections.Structural . C and D. click At Grids. B. 6. 3.

Open Floor Plan Level 2. click On Grids. 5. Zoom to Fit. Structural s 423 .Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. click Beam. 4. click Finish. Click Grid 1. 3. Window-select all the grid lines. and beams will move to the right. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. The grid. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". columns. 2. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool.

3. 2. click Finish. 1. 6. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Open the Default 3D view. click Isolated. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. click No. click Undo. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Columns and beams will move to the right. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.Structural .Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. In the view window. Click Redo. On the Quick Access toolbar. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. click At Columns.

Structural s 425 . A warning displays. in the Type Selector. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. s On the Properties palette. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". 7. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Press ESC to clear the column selection. The footing changes size. The footing had been placed at Level 1.5. 6. Click OK. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. To change the size of the footing.

426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Save and close the file. s Changed a grid layout.Structural . s Added footings to columns. s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.8. In this exercise.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Brace c. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place braces. Column b. Questions 1. s Place beam systems. True b. Beam d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. All of the above. s Add footings to columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Change a grid layout. 2. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a.

you can: a. b. Use grid lines and grid intersections. A and B. c. True b. 2. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. 3. d. a. you use: a. 5. a. When placing columns or beams. d. you: a. False 4. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. Stretch b. c. Properties c. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. A but not B. Select a beam type and define the system layout. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Flip Orientation d. If you relocate a grid line. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Pick points. All of the above. To create a beam system. b. Select the type of beam or column to place. To change the height of a column.Structural .Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b.

iteaconnect.org Project Lead the Way. Mathematics. Smith .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Instructor. International Technology Education Association www. Randy Dymond. Starkweather . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Poway High School. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Copyright s 431 . South Division High School.Executive Director. PE .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Ltd. CA Ronald A Williams.Teacher. Inc.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. WI Roger Dohm . Susan Harrington .Director. Milwaukee.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Poway. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .

EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. Inc. for any purpose. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. Autodesk Revit MEP. Autodesk Inventor. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. AutoCAD Architecture. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries.” AUTODESK. INC. Inc. Inc. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. “AS IS. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. All rights reserved. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. AutoCAD Civil 3D.. Autodesk Revit Architecture. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael.© 2010 Autodesk. AutoCAD. by any method. Inc. All rights reserved. Published by: Autodesk. or parts thereof. INC. All other brand names. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . 2010 Autodesk. CA 94903. this publication. AutoCAD MEP. or trademarks belong to their respective holders.. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. product names. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite. Trademarks Autodesk. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. may not be reproduced in any form. Inc. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS.

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