Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. intersections. the display shows editable distances and angles.

floors. You can add building elements in plan.Software Tools . elevation. and 3D views. furniture. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. stairs. windows.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . roofs. Other building elements such as doors. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. section.

In the two illustrations shown. the other will move as well.While components are being sketched. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. If one is moved. or at any time after. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .

all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.

engineering. and math standards. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Constrain placement of objects. This lesson relates to science. s Place a predefined Mass family. and Language Arts. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . technology. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. Math (STEM). Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.

and then converted into building components such as floors. owner. There are mass families available to load into a project.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. A designer. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. you can create in-place masses. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. walls. roofs. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. quickly.Software Tools . or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or masses. Masses can be edited in many ways. size. and curtain systems. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. such as distance requirements from roadways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

masses. roofs. or within. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

legends. and Language Arts. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . technology. s Explain the use of dimensions. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and symbol heads. Engineering. Technology. Annotation includes text notes. This lesson relates to science.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. tags. and math standards. engineering.

Each symbol family file (*.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files. Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .

or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. radial. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. and permanent dimensions for annotating.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.z) coordinate system. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. and how other levels change display accordingly.y.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. technology. and math standards. s Open tabs on the ribbon. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Software Tools . Technology. Engineering. s Work with tool buttons. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and Options Bar. the Type Selector. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display.

beams. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. and rooms. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Its position is fixed. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. windows. Display and Navigation s 31 . for instance. Some commands will not be active (that is. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. doors.

32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools .

symbols.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. slabs. and foundations. Display and Navigation s 33 . Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. columns. braces. detailing. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. trusses. and text.

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Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

Software Tools . materials. and inquiry.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste. Context tabs display as you work. and parameters. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Save. This menu has file management tools such as New. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Print. and Close. Open.Software Tools . The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. families. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. with four elevation markers visible. schedules. and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. Legends.Software Tools . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . sheets. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. cropping. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. rendering (in 3D views). The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. A check mark indicates it is visible. sun settings. visual style.Software Tools . level of detail. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. Windows panel on the ribbon. View Control Bar View scale. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

To change the scale of a view. Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. but not at Coarse. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Select the desired view scale from the list.

Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Shaded. Hidden Line is the default. Shaded with Edges.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location. Display and Navigation s 47 . You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. sun and shadow intensity. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. which can be according to the view.

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Display and Navigation s 49 . shadows. and materials applied to model surfaces. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view.Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

Software Tools . enabling you to select them. along with other display settings. These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.

All views are listed in the Project Browser. Annotate. View. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Collaborate. Nine tabs are available: Home. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Insert. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. Display and Navigation s 55 . Structure. To activate or open a view.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. When a context tab is active. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.Context Tabs. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Display and Navigation s 57 . Properties Palette. showing options that you can select while you are working. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. the Options Bar may display below it. If you select items in the view window.

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The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool.

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

In 3D views.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The application menu contains file management controls. and Publish. Click a file name to open that file. Export. New File.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. On the right is a list of recently opened files. Display and Navigation s 65 . and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. Print. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. File Save. File Close only appears on the application menu. the application menu. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. such as File Open.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

After you have examined each of them. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. 2. Do this for other tabs. Display and Navigation s 67 . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. If you select the menu option. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. or click New > Project from the application menu. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. To start a new project. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. make the Home tab active. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. 3. The completed exercise 4. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The panel titles display under the tab titles.

Select Cycle Through All. In this exercise. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. 7. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 6. you opened a project file. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click the panel title to display the individual tools.Software Tools . and then viewed. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Close the file without saving. They disappear when you move the cursor away.5. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon.

2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.rvt. Open quick_start_building_elements.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in Getting Started. In the Project Browser. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. doubleclick the view name. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The file opens to a 3D view. Exercise 2. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open view Floor Plan Level 1.

Click the door in the upper left of the model. Clear Walls and Doors. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 4. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. all the walls. 6. You are selecting everything visible. Click OK. and windows highlight blue. 5.3. On the Properties palette.Software Tools . Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click any interior wall. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . . The Modify | Doors context tab opens. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 7. 8. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. doors. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48".

Click any door. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. 10. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. you opened a project file. 12.rvt. On the Modify | Doors context tab. click Create panel > Create Similar. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Display and Navigation s 71 .9. 11. In this exercise. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. examined the menus and toolbars. Place a door as shown.

schedules. You can create sections. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom.Software Tools . drafting views. Engineering. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. ceiling plan. In the exercises. either predefined or user-created. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and elevation views by default. display controls. s Load and place component families. Math (STEM). Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Create a new in-place family. Technology. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Pan. annotations. and views. lines. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and Language Arts.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit provides floor plan. s Work with Revit families. templates. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. floors). System families include levels. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. and 3D views using the View menu. operating settings. mechanical equipment). building elements (walls. Component families include model objects (furniture. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects.

technology. and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . engineering.This lesson relates to science.

Software Tools . Right-click.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. is an extensive database. Four elevation markers are visible. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. VG also opens the dialog box. Rightclick in the view window. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Click the Annotation Categories tab. 3. even a small one. 2. Click OK.Exercise: View Controls A building model. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . There is no way to see everything in it. Open Unit2_building_elements. Click Zoom to Fit. First. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The elevation markers disappear from the view. The completed exercise Visibility 1. There is also a copy in the course datasets. The display changes.

5. In the Project Browser. Click Open. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. click Detail Level. 7. Zoom to Fit. There are two parts to an elevation. Right-click. Enter ZF. Click Zoom In Region. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. On the View Control Bar. Select the roof outline. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click and drag the cursor as shown. so be sure to select them both. Select Detail Level: Medium. 6. Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 75 .4.

click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. as before.Software Tools . 2. Turn off visibility of the elevations. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. On the Properties palette. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. doors and windows are not shown. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. View Properties 1. Enter VH.8. change the Underlay value to None. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment.

click Edit. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. the ridge is now visible. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 77 .0". Click OK. Set the cut plane value to 7' . enter Roof. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. Right-click. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. and where the cut plane sits. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Next to View Range. Click Rename. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette.3. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. For Name.

Software Tools . In the dialog box that opens. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Set the time to 9:30 am. select Still. select Shadows On.Graphic Display Options 1. 4. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 3. under Solar Study. In the Presets list. 5. select Shading with Edges. Accept the location that activates. In the Sun Settings dialog box. Open Elevation view South. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. select Winter Solstice. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 2. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update.rvt. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.

roofs. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. railings. or institutional structures. furniture. Doors are considered standard family entities. and so on. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture.rvt.Software Tools . standard families. or stand-alone (for example. There are system families. On the Home tab. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. windows. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and place Revit families. 3. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. lights. click Door. and floors. and furniture. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. floors. 2. walls. you open an existing project file. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. such as levels. load. windows. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In Revit. You add closet doors to interior walls. furniture). s A system family. and families in place. is predefined within Revit. and annotations are examples of standard families. Open Unit2_views. Doors. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Additionally. and use a Revit family to place a door. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Build panel.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. commercial. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. These components are called families and there are several different types. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.

You click to place an instance of the door family. Tag panel. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. As you move your cursor near any wall. and Annotation. Accept the default size. The Door Insertion tool stays active. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white).rfa. If you highlight a door family. s s 6. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Family files have a file extension of *. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Furniture.rfa. Locate Double Panel 2. Click Open. 4.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed.rvt. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. It has a number of different sizes defined. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . Click the Doors folder. Click Open. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. On the Modify | Place Door tab. 5. Project files have a file extension of *.

An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Place an instance of the door as shown. Place two more instances of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. but not strongly. 9. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.rvt. simply click it. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 8. you located. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. In this exercise. and placed instances of a door family. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown.7. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. loaded.Software Tools .

Open Unit2_doors_walls. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . enter 48" x 80". You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The required width is not available.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. 4. click Duplicate. modify a door family. 2. This door needs to be 48" wide. For Name. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. and create an in-place family. you open an existing project file. 3. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 5. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1.rvt. Select the double door as shown. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. In the dialog box. set the Extrusion End value to 6". select Generic Models. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. On the Home tab. Build panel. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. For Name. On the Properties palette. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. Click OK. 3. 1.6.Software Tools . The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. click Component > Model In-Place. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. enter Hall Clock. 4. 2. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . is to create a component family in place. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. 5. The door updates. Click OK.

Revit will display . loaded. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 8. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 9. 10. 13. You have created the base of the clock. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. In this exercise. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. click Rectangle. 11. 12.4" as shown.rvt.6. and placed a door family.2". On the Draw panel. Click OK. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . The family model updates. as shown. 7.0' 2". you located.

s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law. s What is binary math.

Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. c. s Access. All content tools are located on the ribbon. a. b. context tabs. Each project has several predefined views. Spin the model in 3D space. False 4. s Change view properties. s Change view displays. c. b. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. Questions 1. a. True b. s Change type properties of a family. Create a 3D perspective view. a. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. False 5. True b. False 2. and Options Bar. True b. s Open different views. c. and place a family from a library. d. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Either a or b. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. a.Software Tools . Zoom to an area selected by a right click. 6. s Create an in-place model family. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. True b. depending on the template selected. False 3. Zoom to the entire model. and click Open. Turn on Shadows. s Adjust Visual Style Options. 7. d. The tool shown is used to: a. tab. Right-click. Views can be renamed. load. d. b. Go to View > View Name in the menu. To activate a view: a.

Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . a. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Standard b. All of the above.) are called: a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. In-Place d. A family created within a project is called ________________. a. Pan and Zoom b. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Families 11. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Blocks c. Parts d. Multiview b. depending on settings 9. System c. Properties palette 10. Rotate c. etc. Project Browser d. Scroll d. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. windows.8.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

6. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 4. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Set project units. 8. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 9. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 2. 5.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 7. s Create labels.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create dimension and text styles. s Duplicate and modify views. s Create a project template.

aias. Explain why templates are used. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. colors. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Visit the AIAS website at www. Technology. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. Math (STEM). defining the layers.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. and so forth. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.aia. linetypes. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson.org.org. colors. and the settings that are preset within them. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. should be used. After completing this lesson. Visit the AIA website at www.Standards and Building Codes . The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. linetypes. Many cities and counties have their own rules. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. based on the AIA standards.

This lesson relates to technology. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . and math standards. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. a garage. one window. If there is a fire. doors. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. and one closet. a common area (such as a living room or family room). A unit is a particular physical quantity. and so on. the number being its numerical value. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. it must have at least one door. If it lacks any of these components. defined and adopted by convention.Standards and Building Codes . The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. a bathroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. windows. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. For example. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. and so on.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. A garage must be completely enclosed. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. like mechanical drawing. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. it cannot be called a bedroom. otherwise it is considered a carport.

glass. In architectural drafting. Here h is the physical quantity. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.For example. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. or imperial. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . units are applied to dimensions. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. unit symbol m. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555... Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Another method is to apply dual notation. its value is expressed in the unit meter. and other materials. is 555 ft. unit symbol ft. However. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. the construction industry still uses the English. also known as the International System of Units. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. such as room size and wall height. is 169 m. using imperial units. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. in the United States. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units.

sheets. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Each size is designated by a letter. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. one value representing another value.) 8. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). line weight and pattern. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. every 1/8" would represent 1'.Standards and Building Codes . A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.Scales are ratios. and viewports. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). In Revit Architecture. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.

Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). temporary Schedules Sections. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. notes Demolition. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.01. and then add a title block or other symbols. You create and position views.01. symbols. The integers go from 0 to 9. site plan. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. elevators. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.a modified version of the AIA standard. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4.

and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. drawing scales. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. fonts. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. Typically. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. the author of the drawing. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. The paper is oriented landscape. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Each building project must comply with a specific standard.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The column is divided into sections. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. and other relevant information. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the date drawn. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. and layer standards. and so on. annotation plot sizes. The next space is for tracking revisions. Usually. so that the height is less than the width. followed by information on the building's owner. the HVAC company.Standards and Building Codes . For example. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. the electrician. that is.

The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . required symbols. dimension and text styles.in the City of San Francisco. layer settings. title blocks. and so forth.

you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. views. These can be used to build your model. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. windows.Standards and Building Codes . and walls. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. and Language Arts. Technology. Engineering. dimension styles.

engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Settings s 101 .

and town houses usually use commercial building templates.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Open Revit to an empty project file. or store. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. In Revit.Standards and Building Codes . 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Browse. On the application menu. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. you create a new project file using a template. apartments. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 3. you use templates as starting points. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. In the New Project dialog box. Condominiums. 2. factory. click New > Project. Select a Template 1.

Select the Residential-Default. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. In this exercise. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Click Open. click Close to close this project without saving. you started a new project file using a standard template. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. saving set up time. 5.4. Click OK. On the application menu. Settings s 103 . 6.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

s Place the cursor over the left wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. expand Floor Plans under Views. Press ESC to cancel the wall. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. click Wall. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Build panel. 2. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. The Wall tool remains active. In the Project Browser. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.rvt. open ADA__Settings. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In the courseware datasets folder. Click to start a new wall. Pull the cursor to the right. the drawing setup options are preset. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. 3. In this exercise. The file opens to a 3D view.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates.

8. Click Format for Length. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. In this exercise. Click OK twice to save the setting change. s Set Unit symbol to m. 5. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Settings s 105 . s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.) 6. 7. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. click to start a new wall. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. For Format: s Set Units to Meters.4.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. Place the cursor over the left wall. and move the cursor right. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Close the file without saving. Press ESC to cancel the wall.

By default. create. dimensions not only display. 4.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. enter Big Text. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Click OK.rvt. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . 1. click Edit Type. but also control the size and location of objects. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. there are two types of dimensions. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. On the Annotate tab. Dimension panel. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Open ADA_Dimensions. temporary and permanent. or insert components. click Aligned. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 3. click Duplicate. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. For Name. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.

s Click OK twice. 7. 6.5. s Set Text Size to 3/16". The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Settings s 107 . left. Select the top. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. Click to place. and bottom horizontal walls. Drag the dimension to the left of the view.

Standards and Building Codes .8. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. The Dimension tool stays active. and far right vertical walls. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. In this exercise. upper. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. you opened an existing file. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. created a new dimension style. 9. Click to place the dimension. s s s Select the far left. Close the file without saving.

3. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. There are no annotations visible. Right-click. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Notice the door and window tags. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. and the view window displays the new plan. 2. In the datasets folder. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations.rvt. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. Settings s 109 . In the Project Browser. In order to do this.

4. On the Manage tab.Standards and Building Codes . click Project Information. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 8. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. 9. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 7. 1. Double-click to open it. Settings panel. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. Click OK to update the display of this view. Click OK. select Floor Plan: Level 1. In the Project Browser. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 6. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click Rename. 5. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Model Categories tab.

You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Rightclick. Settings s 111 .Add a Sheet 1. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click New Sheet. 2. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also enter the address of your school. Click OK.) 3. Enter the address as shown. 2. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 3. or supply your own values: Click OK. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Value column of Project Address. click Edit. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.

s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. In the Identity Data and Other sections. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. Click Apply. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. Next. Add a View to the Sheet 1.Standards and Building Codes .01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block.4. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.

Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Select the new viewport. Right-click in the view. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 4. Select Deactivate View. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 3. 2. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Click Activate View.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Settings s 113 . Right-click.

The Scale updates in the title block.Standards and Building Codes . you: select it. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. deselect it. The view updates on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow.5. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Finish the move. of the sheet. Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Place the cursor 7. s Placed a view on the sheet. 6. s Added a sheet.

Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Settings s 115 . A copy of the 11 x 8. It opens to the Recent Files window.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.5 title block template opens. 2. Start Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. On the application menu. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. 4.rft. Click Open. 3. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). click New > Titleblock. This is one of the longer exercises.5. Select A-11x8.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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9. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Checked By. Your teacher may specify another location. 11. On the application menu. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. On the Quick Access toolbar. Right-click. Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 13. 14. click Save to save the title block.Standards and Building Codes . 15.rfa. 12. Accept the Sample Value. 10. click Close. select Drawn By. Add a label for Sheet Number. s Click Add. you created a title block using a template file. s Accept the Sample Value. In this exercise. Save the title block as A . Accept the Sample Value. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder.Landscape. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block.

4. In the Recent Files window. Highlight the title block and click OK. 3. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 5. and then load a custom title block into your project. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. 2. The title block appears in the graphics window.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. you create a new project file. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. Insert a Title Block 1. Click Open. click New to create a new project using the default template. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. Locate your title block. Settings s 125 . On the View tab.

Click Zoom to Fit. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . 4. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. you a created a new project file.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. enter your name. 5. Click OK.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter your instructor's name. s For Checked By. click Project Information. 2. 3. On the Properties palette. On the Manage tab. Settings panel. s For Drawn By. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Click OK. In this exercise. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter Student Project Unit 3. 6. Select the title block.

Create a Template In this exercise. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. and then load them like families. click New > Project. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. in addition to predefined wall types. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 3. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . On the application menu. you create a new project file. and the units for your custom template. Click OK. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. In this exercise. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. and slope angle. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. 2. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. you define the title block. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. a dimension style. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. s Families: Load in families you use most often. and geometry from the template. such as 3D and plan views. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. including how the rendered image looks. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. On the Insert tab. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. settings. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 1. angles. In the New Project dialog box. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. There are various settings you can define for your template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. select Project Template.

5. enter 3/16" Verdana. Click OK. 9. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Open the title block A .Landscape. On the Annotate tab. Click the Length field in the Format column. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. There will be no visible change. Click OK twice. 8. You create a custom dimension style. 7. 10. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . create a Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes .rfa. Next. click Duplicate.4. On the Manage tab. 6. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Settings panel > Project Units. Set the units for the template. For Name.

14. Change the following settings as shown: 13. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Select the A . Click OK.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. select Sheets (All). 15. Settings s 129 . Click Dimension panel > Aligned. On the Properties palette.11. Click New Sheet. 12. Rightclick. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Click OK. In the Project Browser.

You can use this template for future projects. Save your project template in your class project folder. The title block updates. 17.16. In this exercise. you created a new template file using a dimension style. title block. Save the file name as A-English template.rte. and units that you defined. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. as well as dimension style and units.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

abstract format. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. are constantly being developed by the building industry.

a. s Change lineweight. A particular physical quantity.02 b. P. 1:32 5. S. 1:12 c. AIA b. NCTM d. s Create a template. a. a. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create a dimension style. UBC c. Metric d. Using AIA Standards. General Questions 1. An architect b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. False 3.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 1:24 d. A. is defined as what? a. A. s Create a title block. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. NCSESA 2. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. 1:3 b. English c.02 d. A unit 4. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0".Standards and Building Codes . s Create dimensions. s Create labels. and symbols used in drawing? a.05 c. s Change dimension colors. s Create text. s Create a text style. dimension styles. True b. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. you learned to: s Set units in a file.

dimensions snap to: a. you use: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. To create a new sheet. Application menu > Properties b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. False 4. To change the scale of a view. Wall centerlines c. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. a. a. By default. True b. In Revit Architecture. True b. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Point offsets 3. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. a. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. you click: a. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. False 6. Wall faces b. To set the units in a project. Wall midpoints d. True b.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Trim and extend walls.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. 5. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. 2. 4. you will be able to: s Create a wall. Lesson Plan 1. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Align walls.

Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. and protect its interior spaces. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. or filling in between. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. them. their construction and materials.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. separate. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . List the different types of occupancy. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Walls s 151 . Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Expand the Type Selector list. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Clear the Chain option. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. Select Basic Wall: Exterior .3. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. a dashed line displays. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. As you continue to move the cursor. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. It will not print. Select the Single Line option. After you create the wall. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Enter 10. but it disappears when you begin another action.Brick on Mtl. 4. Click to set the endpoint. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. an angular dimension displays. To modify a dimension. click it to open an edit field.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. the dimension updates incrementally. 5. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Stud. indicating wall length.

This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Press ENTER. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. click Modify to stop placing walls.Walls . the controls may sit on top of one another. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Depending on your zoom in the view. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The wall does not show any internal detail. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. click the Detail Level icon. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Create panel. click Create Similar.6. On the Modify | Walls tab. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. Click the wall. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. On the View Control Bar. 8. enter 7. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Select panel. Click to start the next wall. 7. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Set the Detail Level to Medium.

Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up.9. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. no matter where you move the cursor. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Walls s 153 . Also. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Select the right vertical wall. Click Modify. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. release the mouse button to set a new length. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Because you drew the wall from up to down. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Notice that two dimensions display. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. 10. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. notice how the wall joins at the corner. an alignment line displays.

Right-click. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 15. 13.11. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays.Walls . Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 16. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Select Chain on the Options Bar. On the Home tab. When using the Chain option. Build panel. Select the lower vertical wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. 12. Click Cancel. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . thus creating a chain of sketched lines. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. click Wall. 14. Sketch the walls as shown. Repeat. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows.

Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Walls s 155 . In this exercise. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. After clicking the second end. Clear the Chain option. Save the project as Unit4_walls. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Click Zoom to Fit. 20.18. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Modify. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.rvt. 19. Click Create Similar again. 17. Select the Three Point Arc tool.

Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. This exercise illustrates how to split. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. trim.rvt from the previous exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. 2.Walls . Both split walls are shown below. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 4. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 3. fillet. Only part of the wall highlights. you first split the walls at the intersections. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. You now remove the upper right corner. and extend walls. Click Modify. Split Walls 1. To do this. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. align. showing that there are now two separate wall sections.

On the Options Bar. Click Fillet Arc. select Radius. On the Modify | Walls tab. 2. 5. 3. 4. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. On the Modify | Wall tab. You can also click the flip control. Select any wall. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Create panel. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise.Fillet Walls 1. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. If you make a mistake. click Undo and repeat the steps. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). Walls s 157 . click Delete. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. Modify panel. Enter 5'. This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Create Similar.

3. select Basic Wall: Interior .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to.Walls . You align the wall in the next steps. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Place an interior wall as shown.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. The Wall tool is still active. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. 1. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. 2. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.

Walls s 159 .4. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Pull the cursor straight up. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The length is not critical. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. You can lock the alignment. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s On the Options Bar. clear Chain. Click to create a wall. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. such as location lines. You can select other parts of walls for alignment.

The walls can cross. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the two interior walls in turn.Walls . 6. 3. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. This will be the border. This will extend to the border. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. 5. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The length is not critical. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 2. Select the horizontal wall as shown. 4.

fillet. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. and trim. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align.7. In this exercise. Walls s 161 .rvt.

Select the Exterior wall as shown. satisfy different requirements. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .rvt in the courseware datasets folder. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. click Edit Type. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. 1.Walls . and vary in cost. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. 2. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The Modify tool is active by default. 3.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser.

Walls s 163 . Every layer of a wall. the wall structure should be as shown. s Click the arrow at the right. except Core Boundary. s Select Finish 1 [4]. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. 8. s Click the number of Layer 3. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall.4. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Click OK. 7. Click Insert twice. s Click Down twice. enter 8" Insulated Stud. To edit the structure of the wall. Add two additional layers to the wall. click Edit in the Structure value field. When you are finished. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. s Click Up. 5. For Name. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. has a Function you can edit. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 6.

Material.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Material to Finishes . Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Modify the Function. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 13. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Stud Layer. which displays plan or section views. select Finishes .9.Walls . s Set the Material to Wood . s Click the icon that appears at the right. 11. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 10. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. 12.Exterior .

15. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. From the Detail level list. Click Apply to update the view. select the view name as shown to expose its properties.14. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. In the Project Browser. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Walls s 165 . 17. select Medium. 16. expand the Families branch.

Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane.18.Walls . Right-click 8" Exterior. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Close the file without saving. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. 19. In this exercise. You opened an existing file. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. From the Type Selector list. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . defined a new wall structure. 20. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties.

wood rails.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. for example. 2. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Select one of the Exterior .rvt. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. 3.Brick on Mtl. such as a weatherproof outside surface. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. You can define a wall type with these elements. you create and modify vertically compound walls. a structural mid-section. In this exercise. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. Stud walls as shown. and a decorated interior surface. The model opens in a 3D view. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1.

Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You can set the sample height to any value. Wall structures are Type Properties. 5. You change the type. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. In this exercise. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. 8. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. so all instances of this type change. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. either horizontally or vertically. 6. You can assign different materials to regions. or you will lose your changes. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. As indicated in the dialog box title. 2.Walls . You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. When you split a layer. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. To define the structure of the wall. To split a layer or region horizontally. the new regions assume the same material as the original. You can split regions into other regions. To split a layer or region vertically. Click Split Region. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. 1. click Edit.4. If not already expanded. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. into regions. highlight one of the borders. 7. in the Structure value field. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

2. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. since both regions are composed of the same layer. 3. Click to split the region into two parts. 1. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. Click to merge them. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. When you merge regions. In this case. Walls s 169 . After merge. Click to merge the two layers. assign Layer 1. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.3. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . The upper split disappears. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click Merge Regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material.Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 4.

The dimension text turns blue. To create a new wall layer. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Click the temporary dimension text. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. Change the value to 12. After a region is split. 3. Click again to return to the original position.Walls . In the Edit dialog box. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. s Select the split line. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. you assign the material Masonry Brick . If you set the split offset down from the top. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. indicating that it is modifiable. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. to the next parallel line. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 4. 2. Next. Press ENTER. 3. 2. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. 1. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 1. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. Click Insert. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. click Modify. instead of down.

Click Assign Layers. In this exercise. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. Click OK. 8. It also shows a thickness value. 5. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. as shown. Change the Material to Masonry . Close the file without saving. 10. because it is now the selected layer. 6. Walls s 171 .Brick Soldier Course. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Click OK. Modify. and Insert Layer tools. Merge Region. it highlights in blue in the preview window. It immediately highlights in blue. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. When a layer is selected in the table.Brick Soldier Course layer. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 9. 7. Split Region. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.4. The preview changes appearance. All walls of this type have been changed. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone.

or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. and protected. and insulation. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. piping. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. earth. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring.Walls . ducting. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive.Doors and Windows . Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the ventilation. the view. but also the natural lighting. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. and to protect property values.

if there is no other escape route. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.Doors and Windows . ft. the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. The height can be no less than 24".7 sq. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. and furniture are defined in family files. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Components such as doors. how to load additional door and window families. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. windows. Some families are loaded into each empty file.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. engineering. Technology. This lesson relates to science. move. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Copy windows. and copy these elements. you learn how to place doors and windows. s Center a door in a wall. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. and math standards. and how to position. and Language Arts. Engineering. In this unit.

click Door. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. Build panel. elevation view. On the Home tab. the door swing would be to the left side.Doors and Windows . In other words. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Add Doors 1. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. To reverse the swing. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. This can be done in a plan view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. 2. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. To flip the door. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . or 3D view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. 3. Once a door is placed.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise.

With the Door command active. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. walls. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. The display does not change. From the Type Selector list. In order to keep file size small.rfa. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. and windows into project files. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. 3. Click Open. 2. Select the door Double-Panel 2.Load Families 1. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. except for the Type Selector. click Load Family. Mode panel. Doors and Windows s 189 .

Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. 5. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .4. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". If necessary. From the Type Selector.

Remember. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions.6. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. To Doors and Windows s 191 . change a temporary dimension. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. Place instances of single doors as shown. simply click it and enter the correct value. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. If you place a door in the wrong location. or by using the swing control arrows.

Save the file as Unit5_doors.rvt.7.Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To face the outside of the window to the other side. click Window. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. 2. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. From the Type Selector. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. click Modify and select the window. or 3D view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. On the Home tab. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. elevation view. approach the wall from the right side. You can place windows in a plan view. Windows have exterior and interior sides. Add Windows 1. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . When placing windows in a plan view. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Build panel. the outside of the window is to the left side.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Open Unit5_doors.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window after performing another operation.

In this exercise. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. 4. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. loaded a door family.Doors and Windows .3. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. placed doors. you opened an existing project. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. You do not need to add dimensions. and placed windows. 5. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Window tags do not number in sequence. Place seven more windows as shown.rvt.

To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. wall. and so on. window.rvt. 2. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. click Aligned. Dimension panel. and modify the wall. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. s Align and modify walls. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. you open an existing project file. 3. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. 4. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. 1. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. place a door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. On the Annotate tab. constrain it to be centered in a wall.

This means that if one wall shifts. Click the center of the door. 5. 6. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. the other wall will remain aligned. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Click the lock icon to enable it. Select the upper wall first. Click the right wall. The walls are now aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.Doors and Windows . Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Align Walls 1. 2. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Notice the symbol. The door changes location. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click it and it changes as shown.s s s s Click the left wall.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. 3. Doors and Windows s 197 . Clear the EQ Display value. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The walls shift and remain aligned. Change the dimension to 16. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. 5.) The dimension value is now shown. Right-click. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Dimensions display below it.

Doors and Windows . 7.6. In this exercise.rvt. Right-click. you placed a continuous dimension. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Doors and Windows s 199 . Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Create panel. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 2. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise. 1. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed.rvt. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. click Create Similar. especially if there are many different types. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 4. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.

Select the window you just placed. 2. 3. The window is copied. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click Copy. 4.Doors and Windows . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Modify panel. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . On the Modify | Windows tab.Copy Windows 1. The window will change appearance.

Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. 6.rvt. In this exercise.5. Right-click. Doors and Windows s 201 . you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Click Zoom to Fit.

Doors and Windows . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. cold. flat glass is a recent invention. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind.

28" b. s Position a door or window. 40" d. 36" c. a. 32" b. False 2. If a room is used for sleeping. 34" 4. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. a. s Copy a door or window. 30" c. General Questions 1. s Align a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. Custom 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Place a window. True b. you learned to: s Place doors. Standard b. 32" d.

To center a door or window in a wall. True b.Doors and Windows . Click the appropriate blue arrows. Duplicate d. a. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. you use: a. b. c. Click Door Properties. Copy 8. you use ________. Select the door. Select the door. Select the door. d. a. Select the door. To change the swing direction of a door: a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click Flip Direction. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Right-click. Link c. True b. Load c. False 2. Use door grips to reposition. you: a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Load from Library b. a. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . True b. Clone b. Properties 3. b. Insert d. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. c. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. a. A reference plane b. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. a. The center snap 7. To change the location of a door or window. Offset c. 4. Click Door Properties. 6. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. False 5. Door and window tags are placed automatically.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click the appropriate blue arrows. d.

(Student) Evaluate students. 5. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 3. s Create railings. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 4. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 6. 2. Review stairs and railings. s Modify stair boundaries. Lesson Plan 1.

List the different stair types. After completing this lesson.Stairs and Railings . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. stair and railing types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.

and Language Arts. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. engineering.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM).

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Then. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Once the actual riser height is determined.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. such as ice and snow. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair.Stairs and Railings .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.

This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. Due to building code. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This saves space when changing direction. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders.

Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Stairs and Railings . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".

11" maximum. Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings .

Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2".

you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. s Add a railing. You create stairs in a plan view. In multistory buildings.Stairs and Railings . which includes elevators. Math (STEM). 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and math standards. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Create stairs. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. and spiral stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. of certain horizontal depth or run. ramps. s Create U-shaped stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. and Language Arts. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Technology. This lesson relates to technology. and stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. or vertical circulation. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. engineering. L-shaped runs with a landing. For safety reasons. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Engineering. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. You can define straight runs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. s Modify stairs. or tread. As you move the cursor. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. The riser and run values update accordingly.

3. From the courseware datasets folder. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. On the Properties palette.rvt. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Before you create the stairs. Stairs and Railings s 217 .Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. you create stairs using a straight run.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. This file is in metric units. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1.

Run is preselected. you create a straight run. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. Click OK to close the dialog box. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). These tools are used to define your stairs. Circulation panel. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. click Stairs. 5. On the Home tab. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. In this case.4. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs.Stairs and Railings .

If you have not fully created the run. and then click to define the run of stairs. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. select Finish (green check). 7. On the Mode panel. As you move the cursor up.6. Select this intersection point to start your run. You can continue to move the cursor up. 8. Revit displays the number of risers you created. Stairs and Railings s 219 . To change the run dimension. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. 10. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. the run footprint stops expanding. 9. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400.

220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To avoid overwriting the original file.rvt. and switched to a 3D view. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. 13.11. 12. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. In this exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. click application menu > Save As > Project.Stairs and Railings . you created and placed a straight run stair. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction.

The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. The stair is not centered on the landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Level 1. 2. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.rvt. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. click Align. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Activate view Floor Plans.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. On the Modify tab. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Edit panel.

You can rotate your model to get a better view. Take time to make the selections correctly. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. from the Prefer list. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs.Stairs and Railings . select Wall centerlines. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.4. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . If you have a scroll mouse. Click the center of the wall first. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. 5. Click the center of the stairs. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. The Align command remains active. which is located at the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar.

s Click OK. On the Properties palette. and Dimensions subsections. 9. As you prehighlight them. expand Sections (Building Section). The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. 8. In the Project Browser.6. Select the stairs. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. 7. Hover the cursor over the railing. s Click Duplicate. s For Name. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Change Width to 1350. click Edit Type. On the Properties palette. railings were created with the stairs. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Graphics. enter Lobby Stairs.

To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.Cherry s s Click Modify. Lobby Stair View.10. Select both railings. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings .

You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. Click it to select it.12. The railings change. 14. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. 13. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. you change the shape of the stairs. The stair changes to the run sketch. Next. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Delete this line. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Mode panel. Stairs and Railings s 225 . expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. s Zoom in on the stairs. click Edit Sketch.

On the Draw panel. 17. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. 18. Click to place the arc. s On the Modify panel. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis.Stairs and Railings . To place the second arc endpoint. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. Click Modify. click Boundary. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure.15. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 16. click the left end of the top riser. s Select the arc boundary you just created. 19.

Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. select the endpoint of the left boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. 20. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Click CenterEnds-Arc. select the middle of the seventh riser going up.21. Next. the arc center point. This will define a rounded first step. For the third point. select the endpoint of the right boundary. On the Draw panel. Click to exit the Mirror command. click Riser.

Open the {3D} view to see the results. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. you modified stair properties and boundaries. click Finish. You also modified the properties of a railing.22.rvt.Stairs and Railings . 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 23. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. On the Mode panel.

use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. Zoom into the landing area as shown. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Stairs and Railings s 229 . 3. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you add a railing to a second floor landing. you sketch the plan view path. 2.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Select the right side railing. For simple railings. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Click Modify. This is typically done in plan view. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.rvt from the previous exercise. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. Therefore. The completed exercise To create a railing. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. you need to define a path for the railing. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. In this case.

Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. Then. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Mode panel. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. click Edit Path. 6. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. on the Modify | Railings tab. 7. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. edit the temporary dimension. To set the exact distance. On the Draw panel. Once the railing is selected. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. You do not need to add dimensions. 5. The dimensions are shown as a guide. click Line.4.Stairs and Railings . select Chain. s s On the Options Bar.

Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. 8. 9. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Delete your lines and try again.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Stairs and Railings s 231 . you used sketch tools to create a railing. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. In this exercise. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default.rvt.

2. Work Plane panel. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the stairs appear as a U-shape. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. In a floor plan view. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. you create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. s On the Home tab. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. In this exercise. Create a Reference Plane 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. set the Offset value to 850.rvt from the previous exercise. s On the Options Bar.

Dark Gray.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Circulation panel. click Stairs. On the Properties palette. change the Width parameter to 900. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. To start sketching the run. For Name. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. 6. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Click OK. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. enter Exit Stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 3. Click Edit Type. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Matte 2. Click OK twice. 4. 5. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Pull the cursor straight up.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Home tab. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left.

Move the pointer to the right. Press ENTER. 9. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Click to finish the stair run. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. enter 1925. 8. Click to place the first run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.Stairs and Railings . Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .7.

you select Continue to return the sketch. click Finish Stairs. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. To remove the lines. 2. but they are hidden behind walls.10. it is because you have overlapping lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Click Finish Stairs again. 11. On the View Control bar. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. You want to inspect your stairs. If you get an error message. On the Stairs panel. Use Hide/Isolate 1. Remove the additional lines.

6. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 5. This is a multistory stair. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 3. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the View Control Bar. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs so they highlight. 4. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. Finally. 2. you learned to create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings . Zoom in to see your stairs. Reset the Display 1. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The exterior walls reappear. and to create a U-shaped stair. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. In this exercise.3. The walls are now hidden.rvt.

STEM Connections s 237 . escalators. ramps. and elevators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs.

and deliver riders without wait time. smoke guards. They cost less. this openness makes them fire hazards. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators.Stairs and Railings . s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. Include landings as required by your local building code. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but they can also be highly decorative. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today.

40" 4. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. 25 degrees b. 36" d. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. a. General Questions 1. s Create railings. you learned to: s Create stairs. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. False Summary/Questions s 239 . A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. b. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. False 2. 45 degrees c. True b. 90 degrees d. a. and all treads should be the same run. a. 180 degrees 3. 30" b. s Modify stair boundaries. 32" c.

Home b. that is. you use the _______ option. You can apply materials to different stair components. Modify c. a. risers 3. Align Railing d. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Pick New Host b. riser lines c. Arc d. Boundary lines. Manage d. Run. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. a. Line b. Attach Railing c. Circle 4. a. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. True b. Railings. Rectangle c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Treads. To create railings on stairs without railings. risers b. False 6. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. risers and treads. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. riser d. Fasten Railing 5. True b. a. Insert 2.Stairs and Railings .

(Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 8.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 6.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. s Place gutters. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. s Place fascia. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Define a roof structure. Review of roof types. (Student) 3. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Lesson Plan 1. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 5. (Student) 9.

as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. It addresses roof construction. and pitch of a sloped roof. Calculate the rise.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. run.Roofs . 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. tiles. roof types. After completing this lesson. Identify the different roof types. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. gutters. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. and downspouts.

s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to science. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Math (STEM). engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. Technology. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and math standards. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Rake: The inclined. About Roofs s 243 . Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. Engineering.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

and if visible. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. durability. maintenance. durability. are designed for shedding water and snow. as well as how effective a shelter it is. rot. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. and color. brands. and colors. the roofing pattern. fire-resistant. Sloped roofs. About Roofs s 245 . and if visible. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and color. resulting in at least one textured face. maintenance. and sun. texture. snow. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. texture. These are used more often on upscale homes. and low maintenance roofing material. resistance to wind and fire. They come in several types. the roofing pattern. both low and steep. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and sunlight. resistance to wind and fire. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. You can use them for many different applications.

When choosing the insulation for your job. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). They are fire-resistant. choose a type that will suit your needs. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. and insulating capability (R-value). or corrugated structural glass. Therefore. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. quality. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. reinforced plastic. galvanized steel. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. treatment for insects. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. galvanized steel. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. This same roof on a clear. consider such factors as cost. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. fiberglass. special characteristics (for example. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. Unfortunately. and require little maintenance.Roofs . 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. odor. and so forth). A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. zinc alloy. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. durable.

Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The slope usually leads to interior drains.

Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment.

purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .s Timber or steel beams.

Roofs . Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.

Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. run. where as. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. A number indicates the value of the rise. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical. The run value is typically equal to 12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.

The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7-12. 7 on 12. 7 and 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 to 12.When designing a roof. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch is noted as a fraction.Roofs . Slope is usually noted as a ratio.

water. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. or ice. snow. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. s Create a roof fascia. you can add gutters. dormers. or roof overhangs. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. and fascia. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. s Create a hip roof. s Create various roof types. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Place gutters. s Assign roof structure and materials. often supporting a gutter. Roofs s 255 . Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. Once you create a roof. To create a roof by face. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. you work with massing shapes and not building components. or eaves. soffits. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. that convey rainwater to drains. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice.

Engineering.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology.Roofs . and Language Arts. and math standards. technology. Math (STEM). engineering. This lesson relates to science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. To create an extruded roof. Open ADA_Roofs. select the Name option. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. you create an extruded roof.. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 3. 2. 4. In the Work Plane dialog box. the top of the roof profile is sketched. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. Click OK to continue.

Roofs . s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Go To View dialog box. click Ref Plane. 4. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open.5. Draw panel. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. The section view should display as shown. Before sketching the roof's profile. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". 2. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. s Use the image below for guidance. 6. Click Open View. On the Work Plane panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. select Section: Section 1. 3. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar.

Using the image below for guidance. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using a positive offset value. s Select the new dimension. sketch from right to left along the Level line.6. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Roofs s 259 . 5. s Click Modify. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

Right-click. 1. On the Mode panel. s On the Options Bar. 3. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. enter Horizontal.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. The name displays when you select the reference plane. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 7. 2. you can label them. 5. click Finish (green check). On the Properties palette. 6.Roofs . for Name. Click Modify. Click OK. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. click Line. 4. click Chain. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane.

8. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 .12" type. Switch to a 3D view.

Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion.Roofs . Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. click Join/Unjoin Roof. carefully select the far right roof edge. This is a two-step process. Using the images for guidance. 1. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. On the Modify tab. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Edit Geometry panel. 3. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 2.

On the Options Bar. Roofs s 263 . 2. However. To select both walls together. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn.4. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. open the view Sections: Section 1. 3. Trim Walls 1. This will join the wall tops to the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Select both walls. On the Modify Wall panel. In the Project Browser. Select the roof. select Attach Wall: Top.

rvt. Switch to a 3D view. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. The roof now looks correct. 5.4. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.Roofs . 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.

Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. so you look straight down as in a plan. Unit7_first_roof.rvt. Build panel. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. In this exercise. a dialog box is displayed. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 1. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Click Yes. Because you are in a 3D view. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. On the Home tab. by Footprint. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. select Garage Roof. from existing walls. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 4. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. From the drop-down list. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. 3.

To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. click Pick Walls. Use the image below for guidance. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. 8. 7. If you place a line on the wrong side. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s On Options Bar. 6. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. clear the Defines slope option.Roofs . Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Next. select the vertical wall on the left. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.0". click Defines Slope.5. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch.

In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. By default. 3. click Finish. Other controls also display. change the value to 6"/12". To complete the roof. That value displays next to the slope arrow. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Click the 9"/12" text. 1. The new roof displays. Click Modify. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. 2. Roofs s 267 . Select the left slope defining line. It becomes an editable field. When a roof line is set to slope defining. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the right side roof line.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. Change this value to 6"/12". click Yes. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. defining lines separately.

In this exercise.rvt. 5. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.Roofs . 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls.

3. On Home tab. 4. To chain-select all of the walls. 2. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Build panel. The file opens to a 3D view. Clear Defines Slope. On the Options Bar.rvt. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. set the overhang to 1' 0". Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. click to select them. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. you create a gable roof using a footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. Roofs s 269 .

Using the image for guidance. 4. As an alternate. On the Draw panel. Zoom into the chimney area. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.Create a Roof Opening 1. On the Options Bar. Right-click. 2.Roofs . 3. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . verify the 0' 0" Offset. click Rectangle.

select the Defines Slope. click Yes. The slope indicator displays. On the Options Bar.Add Slope Lines 1. horizontal line. 3. As in the previous exercise. 4. Select the left lower horizontal line. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 5. Roofs s 271 . Click Modify. Click Finish. 2. 6. On the Options Bar. Select the uppermost. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. select Defines Slope.

Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. In this exercise.Roofs . Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 8. attached walls. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.rvt.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and chimney penetration.

2. The file should open to a 3D view. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create the Roof 1. Roofs s 273 .0". Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 4.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. set Overhang to 2' . Select the three walls shown in the image. you create a hip roof. 5. Select Defines Slope. Zoom into the area shown. The completed exercise On the Home tab. Build panel. 3. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. On the Options Bar.

Click OK. In addition. s s Clear Defines Slope. 3. Click Finish to complete the roof. Raise the Roof 1. To close the roof sketch. 6.0". change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . Switch to a 3D View. Right-click the ViewCube.Roofs . 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. 2.7. you use the Line tool. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. click Line.

Select the edge of the hip roof first. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. Roofs s 275 . To properly join the new rooftop to the main building.

you created a hip roof using a footprint.Roofs . and then joined it to a wall. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.rvt.2.

rvt. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 7. 2. click Pick Walls. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 4. 6. Clear Defines Slope. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 277 . Set the Overhang to 1' 0". click Line. 5.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Create a Shed Roof 1. The file should open to a 3D view. 3. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. On the Draw panel.

Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0".8. 12. Right-click the line. Set the Offset to 0' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. 13. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 10. Select the lower. On the Properties palette. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Click Modify.Roofs . 9. 11.

17. In this exercise. you created a shed roof using a footprint. Roofs s 279 . Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Switch to a 3D view. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.rvt. 15.14. click Yes. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 16. 18. Finish the Roof. Click OK.

Activate the view North Elevation. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3.rvt. select Level 3. You see four levels defined in the model. 5. On the Properties palette. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Cutoff Level list. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. 3. The roof updates. Select the Roof.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. On the menu bar. 2. 4. Open the Default 3D view. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Roofs . 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

6. Select the inner rectangle as shown. 9. 7. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 11. 12. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. To set the slope for the new roof. select Defines Slope. 13. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Finish the Roof. Roofs s 281 . on the Properties palette. set the slope value to 3"/12". 8. On the Home tab. On the Options Bar. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Draw panel.rvt. Switch to a 3D View. 10. In this exercise. Zoom and spin to see your model. click Pick Lines.

rvt.Roofs . 1. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 3. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. 2. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . The file should open to a 3D view. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. Select the main roof over the house.

Click Insert to add a layer. Select Layer 2 as shown. It is a generic roof type. click Edit Type. s Click OK.Define a Roof Structure 1. 2. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 3. Select the roof over the garage. 4. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Structure Value. enter Clay Tile. click Duplicate. Roofs s 283 . 5. click Edit.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Model. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials.s s s In the Materials dialog box. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Click OK. In this exercise. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 7. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.rvt. Click OK twice. 8.Roofs . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 6.

Click Open. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. In the Open dialog box. On the Insert tab. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 4. to support a gutter. Roofs s 285 . or for decoration. In this exercise.rvt.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. click Roof > Fascia.rfa. 3. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. On the Home tab. 2. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof.

Set the Material value to Metal . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Matte.5.Paint Finish Ivory. 6. In the Type Properties dialog box. For Name. Click Duplicate. click Edit Type. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.Roofs . for Profile. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click OK.

9. In this exercise.8. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia.rvt.

Roofs . so as not to detract from the design of the building. 3. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 5. 1. 6. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. click Roof > Gutter.rvt. For Name.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. Under Material parameter. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Gutter . Place Gutters In this exercise. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. under Profile parameter. The file should open to a 3D view. s Click Duplicate. On the Home tab. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 2. select Metal Aluminum. Click OK. you add gutters to a building.Bevel: 5" x 5". Click OK. The completed exercise 4. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

In this exercise. 8. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. Roofs s 289 .7. the gutter displays on the wrong side.rvt. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. 10. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 11. 9. If you click the interior face. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. you attached gutters to a roof.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. and cold. heat. water.Roofs .

Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.m.

Hip c. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. Medium c. False 2. s Define a roof structure. General Questions 1. Gambrel d. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Shed 4. the run is always 12. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. Low b. High d. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . a. None of the above 3. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place fascia. When referring to roof slope. s Place gutters. a.Roofs . Gable b. True b. True b.

c. True b. a. Create Slope d. ENTER 4. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. a. pick d. Extrusion d. False 7. Activate Slope 9. Face 3. you use: a. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. True b. Footprint b. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. profile 2. lines c. Footprint b. False Summary/Questions s 293 . sketch. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Create an opening. Footprint. a. a. A compound roof contains layers. True b. Change the direction of the roof. SHIFT c. Change the direction of the slope. Slope c. Expand/Contract 6. Sketch. Trim/Extend b. b. TAB b. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. profile. Walls d. Turn slopes on or off. Material 8. False 5. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Defines Slope c. 10. Footprint. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. a. place a check mark next to: a. Add Slope b. Roofs can be created using ______. Cut/Lengthen c. Walls. a. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. face b. Sketch c. extrusion. To add a slope to a roofline. DEL d. d. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. extrusion. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. ______ or _______.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Lesson Plan 1. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create slope annotations. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.

and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and special equipment. Sections are used to examine the roof. bathrooms. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. the location of special equipment. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. In a commercial structure. In a residential building. the kitchen. floor. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. cabinetry. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. and tool racks.Sections and Elevations . Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.

Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. Math (STEM). Engineering. Technology. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 .

298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and foundation plans. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. on the long axis of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. framing.Sections and Elevations . and are properly cross-referenced. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. t Cross or transverse sections. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. across its narrower dimension.

and steel. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. such as framing connections and foundation details. partial. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . full. unnecessary.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s The position relationship between different elements. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. For larger elevations. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.

however. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. With interior elevations. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Unnecessary Information Shades. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Therefore. For a wood structure. people." Mfr. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. quantity. followed by any additional information about spacing. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. You may. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. The size of the object is listed first. For example. For siding. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. cars. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. East.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. or methods of installation. South. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. the titles assigned (North. shadows. bushes. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. and then the name of the material. this is reversed. and so forth. About Sections and Elevations s 303 .

Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. wood. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. doors and direction of door swings. Hinges are concealed. and other appliances. The trim is usually glued into place. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. This is usually done using a topset. It may have curves. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. or a baseboard. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. or decorative patterns. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. dishwashers. and lip. coving. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". and special equipment such as toilets. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. tile. flush overlay. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. which is a formed pressboard. windows. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". or linoleum) and the wall. doors. or MDF. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. chamfers. This is more costly than regular overlay. other openings. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and types of finish materials used. and materials used. shelf arrangements.Sections and Elevations . The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. Molding is usually made of plaster. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. casements.

Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Create and add notes to a detail section. This automatically creates the section view in the model. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Change the section head. s Create an interior elevation. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. s Add slope annotations. which you can then add to a sheet.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Sections and Elevations . the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. like an elevation. A section is a horizontal view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. technology. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Technology.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. and Language Arts. and math standards. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Engineering. Once created.

select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. For example. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. or other section view. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. elevation. Sections and Elevations s 307 . The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. By resizing the crop region. the section does not display in the elevation view. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. you can more closely control what displays in the section view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line.

A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. The slope is the ratio rise:run. So. the slope of this roof is 2:12. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . In the example shown. such as anchor bolts and siding. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Slope is also referred to as pitch. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. In a set of construction documents. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Add breaklines as needed. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. Once you create the detail section. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. tracing over the existing elements. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add structural details. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Details are crucial for effective construction. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. s Add detail notes. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model.

try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

2. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Create panel. Create a Section View 1.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. On the View tab. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. The Section command is available from the View tab. 3. The completed exercise 6. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. Sections and Elevations s 311 . 4. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. The file opens to a 3D view. Open the file ADA_Sections. click Section.rvt. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.

and it has control grips to resize it. On the Properties palette. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display.Sections and Elevations . The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. With the section line selected. 2. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. Section Properties 1.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. 3. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. This is called the crop region. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. The actual location is not critical.

you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. 6. 8.rvt. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. Sections and Elevations s 313 . When you drew the section line. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. In this exercise. In the Properties palette. The section view updates. The view is listed in your Project Browser. you automatically created a section view. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). 5. 7.4. Clear Crop Region Visible. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Save the file as Unit8_section1.

6. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Click Open to load the family. click Duplicate. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.No Arrow. Several section head families are available. 5. Section Head .rfa. In this exercise. and Section Head . The view does not change.Filled. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click OK. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. click Load Family. enter Open Arrow.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. They include Section Head . Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. For Name.1 point Filled.rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. 7.Sections and Elevations . Select Section Head-Open. On the Manage tab. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Load from Library panel. 3. On the Insert tab. 2. 4. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. Settings panel.

Save as Unit8_section_open. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.8. 9. Sections and Elevations s 315 . enter Open Arrow. Select the section line.Open. For Name. 12. 14. Click OK. The section head updates to the new head type. On the Properties palette. 13.rvt. Click Duplicate. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. 10. select Section Head . In the Section Tag field. In this exercise. For Section Head. select Open Arrow. click Edit Type. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Click OK. 11.

Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. To reposition the callout head.rvt. Create panel. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Use the image below for guidance. 6. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. 4. click Callout. This is a building section. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 3. On the View tab. 2.Sections and Elevations . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. On the Options Bar. 5. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. select the border of the callout.

On the Draw panel. but not strongly. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. select Chain. Line is selected automatically. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.7. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Sections and Elevations s 317 . 4. region patterns. 3. detail components. On the Properties palette.rvt. On the Annotate tab. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. 8. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. On the Options Bar. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. 2. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Detail panel. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. as shown. You can add detail lines. click Region > Filled Region. 1.

click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 6.5. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. enter Earth. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations . Select the upper and right side lines. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. For Name. 7. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Click Modify.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 9. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . On the Annotate tab.Section.8. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. On the Mode panel. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Click Open. On the Place Detail Component tab. 1. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. the pattern becomes visible. Detail panel. Click OK. click Component > Detail Component. 2. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. From the Fill Pattern list. If you zoom in closer. click Load Family. Sections and Elevations s 319 . select Finish (green check).rfa. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. 3. the filled region may appear as solid fill. Detail panel.

Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.Sections and Elevations . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. In the Specify Types dialog box. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.4. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. 5. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. From the Type Selector. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Sections and Elevations s 321 . From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary.6. From the Type Selector list. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. 8. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Using the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. 7. select Plywood.

Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model.Sections and Elevations . Click Modify. Place the component similarly to the image below. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . set the Thickness to 3/4". 12. Use the image below for guidance. select anchor bolt. The exact vertical placement is not critical. Select the vertical plywood. From the Type Selector. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.9. 10. This component represents the subflooring. On the Properties palette. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. 11. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. Click Component > Detail Component.

From the Type Selector. select Copy. Use the image below for guidance. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. 14. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 323 . On the Modify panel of the context tab. select Lap Siding. Add another Detail Component. Click Modify. select Multiple. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge.13.

Save the file. On the Annotate tab. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. From the Line Style Selector. Detail panel. Add Detail Lines 1. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 2.15. select Wide Lines. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. click Detail Line. Start at the end of the siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 16.Sections and Elevations .

4. 5. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood.3. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Zoom out.

Select the wall so it highlights.6. On the Annotate tab. Next. 9. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 8. 7. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. click Insulation. Save the file. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. 2. Detail panel. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Add Insulation 1. 10. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. identified as Wall material 1. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Click Edit in the Structure field. select the Material field in row 3. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . The wall display updates. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.

Sections and Elevations s 327 . The component snaps to the middle of the wall. select Break Line. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. On the Annotate tab. 3. Detail panel.2. click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. 1. Your view should resemble the image shown.

Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. and detail components to it. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. The view should resemble the image shown. 5. Place the breakline as shown. To complete the detail. Click Zoom to Fit.4. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. detail lines. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). In this exercise. You place another breakline. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.Sections and Elevations . Save the file. The Detail Component tool is still active. 6. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 7.

To add notes. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 2. The border around the view will disappear. s Clear Annotation Crop. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. weatherproofing. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. 3. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.rvt. quantity.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. 1. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. With nothing selected in the view. or methods of installation. The size of the object is listed first.

Text panel. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. R13. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 7. 9. On the Annotate tab. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text.Sections and Elevations . Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 6. On the Format panel. From the Type list.4" WEATHERING. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. Finally. 5. insulation. Move the pointer up 11. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . leader arrow as shown. As you pull your cursor to the right. click Text. 8. 10. click Two Segments. 12.4. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.

C. 15. Sections and Elevations s 331 . 18. 20. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.C. Click off the text to finish the entry. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 19. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Start the next text at the baseboard.. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Enter 5/8" GWB . Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. .TYPE X. 17.13.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. 16.. as the second line of text. O. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. 14. is an acronym for On Center. CONT is short for Continuous. Start the next text at the floorboard.C.

Click ENTER to start a second line.. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 23.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes.rvt. 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 21. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Click Zoom to Fit.

or elevation view.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Project Browser. 2. In this exercise. Right-click. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. 5. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 4. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Locate the A-Landscape. highlight Sheets. 6. you will want to add the views to a sheet. click Load. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.rvt.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Highlight your title block. Click Open. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. section. and locate the detail view on it. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Click New Sheet. The new sheet becomes the current view. 3.

Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. click Show Crop Region. select view Detail at Foundation. 8. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Hide Crop Region. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. Select a Level Line. 9. Drag it to the right. Click the control at its left end. In the Project Browser. close to the crop border.Sections and Elevations .7.

Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 13. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.10. Click Rename. highlight the new sheet.rvt. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. Sections and Elevations s 335 .301. Click OK. you: s Created a new sheet. In this exercise. For Number. 11. For Name. 12. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. enter S. In the Project Browser. s Modified the label values in the title block.

Turn On Elevation Markers 1. and west. 6. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. east. 2. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. s Set the display for building components as needed. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Add slope indication for roof. Click the Annotations tab. The elevation markers are now visible. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Right-click. 5. When you create a project with a template. 4. s Add any necessary dimensions. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Select Elevations. s Add material notes. 3.Sections and Elevations . 2. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. It is defined by the green dotted line. Click Zoom to Fit. south. four elevation views are included: north. Open ADA_Elevations. Click OK.

clear Planting. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. clear Sections. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the View Control Bar. Next. On the Modelling tab.2. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. 5. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. 3. Sections and Elevations s 337 . On the Annotations tab. 4. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Enable the visibility of Levels 6.

Sections and Elevations . Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. you activated an elevation view. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .7. Select Sand. modified its display. 11. Select the wall. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.Exterior Stucco. 13. 8.rvt. It will be identified as Condo . click Edit Type. select Edit in the Structure field. 9. In Surface Pattern. click to open the list. Click the button that displays to select a material. 10. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box. and modified the wall display characteristics. On the Properties palette. 12. Select the Material field for Layer 1.

The size of the object is listed first. In the Type Selector. Add a note for the stone wall. quantity. Sections and Elevations s 339 . If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 3. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Enter TX. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. or methods of installation. Add a note for the foundation.rvt. 4. 2. Set the Leader type to One Segment. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. 5.

Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the brick wall.Sections and Elevations . you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 8.6.rvt. In this exercise. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the exterior stucco. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 7. 9.

For Offset from Reference.rvt. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. Dimension panel. 1. Sections and Elevations s 341 . You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. enter 1/8". Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Options Bar. 3. from the Slope Representation list. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. On the Annotate tab. Click again to locate the slope indicator. click Spot Slope. 2. 4. 6. Click to select the roof line. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. 5. select Triangle.

9. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. Click to locate the slope indicator. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. On the Annotate tab. Click to select the roof line. Dimension panel. Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. click Aligned. 11.Sections and Elevations .7.

select wall breaks and levels. slope indicators. 14. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. and dimensions for clarity. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. leaders. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.12.rvt. The west elevation now contains material notes. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. Sections and Elevations s 343 . In this exercise. Arrange notes. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and vertical dimensions. 13.

In the Project Browser. In this exercise. Click Find Referring Views. 2. equipment rooms.rvt. Right-click. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. special closets. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. This view was already defined in the drawing. 3.Sections and Elevations . you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Click Open View. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and cabinetry. kitchens. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Highlight the view.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. dimensions. or special features that may not show clearly in plans.

s s s s Click Duplicate. On the Annotate tab. Click the value field for Units Format 8. 6. Dimension panel. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Right-click. 7. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Clear Use Project Settings. Select Suppress 0 Feet. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. In the Name box. click Aligned. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.4. click OK. 5.

Sections and Elevations . Using the Text and Dimension tools. You modified a dimension style. In this exercise. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.9. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.rvt. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. detail the interior section. 10.

Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Walls c. c. Nobody in Charge d. 2. b. The direction the viewer is facing. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. General Questions 1. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Either one. s Create material annotations. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. All of the above 5. s Create filled regions. c. Not in Concrete b. it depends. is always the true orientation. 4. Show the relationships between elements. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Bathrooms and kitchens b. True b. False 3. The direction the structure is facing. d. Indicate the location of doors and windows. b. Not in Contract c. such as north. s Create a section view. All of the above. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . Cabinetry d. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. a.

True b. Sun and Shadow b. you use: a. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. False 5. The height of the view. d. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. a. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. The Visual Style of the view. c. b. b and c. b. North 3. The detail level of the view. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . True b. West c. South d. On the View tab.Sections and Elevations . The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. 4. c. False 2. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. The dotted line indicates: a. Element properties c. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Click Add View. a. Which elevation is it? a. East b. d. The boundaries of the view. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser.Revit Architecture Questions 1. click Sheet Composition > View. Right-click. but not a 6.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. 3. 2.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Reformat a schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. 4. Lesson Plan 1. s Export a schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 5. 6.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . Review Schedules. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule.

The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents.

and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. engineering. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Some of these building objects include. Math (STEM).column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. This lesson relates to science. and thickness. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. About Schedules s 351 . and math standards. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. such as reference number. width. technology. height. about the building objects in your architectural plan.

While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. However. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the same primary information is included. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. There are different types of schedule tables. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. Instance. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items.Schedules . The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. depending on the style of the architectural firm.

About Schedules s 353 . s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. However. A circle. The following image shows door. hexagon. Using the software. Like schedules. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . E for electrical. window. Other letters are P for plumbing. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. and A for appliances.

Schedules s 355 . s Export a schedule. equipment. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. and you can create your own schedules. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Schedules list items such as doors. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. Technology. This lesson relates to science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. materials. engineering. windows. s Add room tags. technology. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. and math standards. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Create a room schedule. hardware. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Project templates include preset schedules. rooms.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. and Language Arts.

s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. 2. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Schedules . Open ADA_Window_Schedules. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.rvt. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. and you set the schedule to display totals.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise.

In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. On the View tab. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Type Mark. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Select Windows from the list.s Window Tag 5. 3. Click Add. and Width. Schedules s 357 . Height. In Available Fields. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Level. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 4. 7. Add Count. 6. select Comments.

Select the fields. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. from left to right.8. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to finish the schedule.Schedules . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 1. 3. 2. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. From the Sort By list. Select Blank Line. select Type Mark. Schedules s 359 .

360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. select Level.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 3. you can have the schedule report this. On the Properties palette. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. clear Itemize Every Instance. click Edit. Rather than make a manual calculation. 4. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. 2.Schedules . for Sorting/ Grouping. click the schedule name. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. in this case). Notice how the schedule has changed. in the Then By sorting field. In the Project Browser. In order to calculate the total number of windows. 1.

Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. for Sorting/ Grouping. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. From the list. s Set the schedule to display category totals. In this exercise. click Edit 7.5. 6. select Footer. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule.rvt. The totals for each window type now display. On the Properties palette. select Title. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. and Totals. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Schedules s 361 . you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. Count.

You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. click Overwrite the Existing Version. ceiling type. click Room > Room.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Click Open. occupancy. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building.rvt. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. 4. In this exercise. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. On the Home tab. 5.Schedules . 2. 3. Room size. based on the amount of space in each room. Room & Area panel. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Locate the file named Room Tag. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. Open ADA_Room_Tags. floor type. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder.

In the Type Selector. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 8. 6. click Room > Room Separation Line. Room & Area panel. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. Click Modify to terminate the placement. a total of 7. On the Home tab. Schedules s 363 . 7. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. and in the hall as shown.

The room tag updates. 10. On the Room & Area panel. click Room. s Change the word Room to Manager. 12. s Click the Room text. Place a room tag below the room separation line. 11. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Click Modify.9.Schedules . The cursor changes to sketch mode. 13. The area value for Room 7 updates. Select Room #2. An edit box activates. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.

Schedules s 365 . for Name. s Tagged various objects. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. you: s Loaded a room tag. In this exercise. 15. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. s Changed room tag field values.14. s Added a room separation. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. enter Sales. On the Properties palette.rvt.

Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. enter Square Footage Report. Set the Sort By value to Number. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . and Area to be included in your schedule. Create a Room Schedule 1. 3. For Name. Name. Create panel. 6. In the Available Fields pane. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise.Schedules . The completed exercise 5. 4. Click OK. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click Add--> after each selection. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. select Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms.rvt. 2. On the View tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays.

Select Title and Totals from the list. s Click Field Format. Highlight the Area field. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 10. 9. s Select Calculate Totals. clear Use Project Settings. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Highlight the Number field. Click OK. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Schedules s 367 . 8. s Set Alignment to Right.7. In the Format dialog box. Click the Formatting tab. Change the Heading to No. Select Grand Totals. s Set Units to Square Feet.

you: s Created a room schedule.11. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. 12.Schedules . s Totaled one of the columns. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Save as Unit9_room_schedule. In this exercise.rvt.

Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. locate the file you created. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. On the application menu. 3. Click OK. 2. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Double-click it to open it. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Note the formatting that has been applied.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. you export the room schedule to a text file. Browse to a directory to save your report.txt) file. Click Save. The file is created. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. 5. Schedules s 369 . 4. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Using your Windows Explorer. 6.rvt. You can then use this file in other applications.

8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file.7. Close the text file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise.

d. Instance 3. What is a schedule table? a. True b. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Load a schedule tag. c. s Place a schedule tag. A list of sheets used in a project. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Export a schedule. 2. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. None of the above. a. True b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Matrix d. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Type b. b. False 4. a. s Reformat a schedule. Quantity c. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Questions 1.

Annotate b. Modify 2. View c. a. Application menu d. Annotate tab b. TXT b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. use the ____ . Manage tab 3. CSV d.Schedules . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. a. Home d. XLS c. To export a schedule. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . View tab c.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. Review Visualization. 4. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. Lesson Plan 1. 2.

you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Orient walls and windows. After completing this lesson. s Export an FBX file. The animation file can be played in any media player. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. or camera on a path. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Finally. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Apply shading to a view. Technology. s Export a DWG file. Engineering. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. and Language Arts. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Place a camera.Visualization . Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). s Add planting components. s Assign materials. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Export a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering.

courseware datasets. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s s 2. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. To prepare your model for rendering. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_custom_family. You worked on animations. s Make a camera view the active view. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.rvt. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Assign materials.

For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. Select any exterior wall. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 6. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. The walls now display layers of materials. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 4. Select one of the exterior walls. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Stud. If you do not see any change in the wall display.Visualization . 5. Right-click. The wall display updates. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. All the exterior walls highlight in blue.3. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.

Select walls. 8. 10. Right-click. Visualization s 377 . Select the toposurface object. Click Change wall's orientation. Select Site: Grass. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. In addition to using the control arrows. Click OK. Open the Default 3D view.7. Repeat the process for the windows. you can: s s s 9. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. On the Properties palette.

Select the file name. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Depending on your system resources. 3. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. In the Select File to Import dialog box. On the application menu. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. click Import > Import. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. 12. for Files of type.FBX). This will filter the file list. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Note the file location. click Export > FBX. select Autodesk (*. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. Select the Roof. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. On the application menu.11. and click Open. Click OK in any notices and warnings. 2. you have completed this exercise. Save the file as Unit10_Export. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design.Visualization .

click Export > CAD Formats > DWG.4.rvt. There is no way to update it from Revit. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. If necessary. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Close the file without saving. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. On the application menu. Open or return to Revit. you have completed this exercise. Note the file location. Export the Model to DWG 1. 3. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. open Unit10_Export. click Next. Visualization s 379 . The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 2.

On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. 9. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. click References > File Link Manager. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Click Open. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. 8. 6. Open or return to Revit. 7.max. Close the File Link Manager.rvt. click Attach This File. Select two windows as shown. On the application menu.4. open Unit10_Export. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . 5. If necessary. click File. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. In the File Link Manager .

10. On the application menu. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 13. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 12. The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Visualization s 381 . Open the 3D view. Save the export file using the same name as before. Save the file. In the dialog box. 11.

14. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the File Link Manager. Open the Files tab. s Changed a material definition. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. The linked file updates. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. s Oriented walls and windows. 15. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. s Close the File Link Manager.Visualization . Open or return to 3ds Max Design. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. The windows have changed.

you place a camera in a model. 3. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. Visualization s 383 . generate a rendering. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Place a Camera 1. and create a second rendering. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the View tab. as shown. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. If you place the camera too close to the model. change materials.rvt. Create panel. Open the Site view.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Open Unit10_Export. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. In this exercise. click Camera. 2. add plantings to the model.

click Show Rendering Dialog. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. On the View Control Bar. 6. Right-click.4. Click Show Camera. select Very Few Clouds. 5. If necessary. The camera perspective view opens. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 2. 7.Visualization . Return to the perspective view. The camera will be visible. Render Setup 1. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Open the Site view again. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list.

3.30' approximately as shown. Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak .3. s Click Render. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. 2. On the Massing & Site tab. Visualization s 385 . Open the Site view. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. Accept the default settings for Quality. click Site Component. Output Settings. Enhance the Model 1. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. and Lighting. Open view 3D View 1. Model Site panel.

Change Materials 1. 5. Select the roof. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Save to Project dialog box. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. 3. click Edit Type. click Show the Model. click OK. In the Rendering dialog box.4. 6. and you can now select elements for editing. In the Rendering dialog box. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. select Roofing . 4. Click Edit in the Structure field. The model displays in the view.Visualization . In the Layer 1 Material field.Wood Shake. In the Materials list. click Save to Project. Revit places the image in its own view. Select an exterior wall. 5. On the Properties palette. 2. On the Properties palette. click Edit Type.

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry . 9. Visualization s 387 .10. 7. Click Edit in the Structure field. 8. Click Replace. Click the Render Appearance tab.

In the Rendering dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view.Brick Uniform Running Brown. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 14.11. In this exercise. 16. s Placed site planting components in the model. s Edited materials in model components. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 15. Click OK. In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. 12. Save the file as Unit10_render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view.rvt. click Render. s Generated and captured a second render image. 13.Visualization . s Created a raytrace setup. click Save to Project. Select Masonry . s Generated and captured a render image. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. 4. or frame. In this exercise. in a project model. or walkthroughs. s Edit the camera and path. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. Open Unit10_render. s On the View tab. Create panel. s Right-click again. Click Zoom Out (2x). rendered. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Click Zoom to Fit. click 3d View > Walkthrough. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The cursor changes to a crosshair. and exported individually.rvt. To place a key frame. click to the left of the model as shown. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. 2. Open floor plan view Level 1. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. 3. The camera and path can be edited. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. along the path can be viewed in different modes. Visualization s 389 . The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. s View the animation in a media player. s Right-click. Each view.

Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. click Edit Walkthrough. 10. Select the direction control for the camera. Walkthrough panel. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 7. 8. 11. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab.5. 9. The Options Bar changes. 6. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. Repeat for all the key frames. On the Modify | Cameras tab. The camera is located on the final key frame. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click Finish Walkthrough. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Drag it to the left.Visualization .

Edit the Walkthrough 1. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. select Path. 3. On the Walkthrough panel. click Next Key Frame. Click Edit Walkthrough. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. The path displays control dots at key frames. Check the view in several key frames. 13.12. If camera positions distort. Drag the path away from the model as shown. From the Controls list. 2. Click Open. Visualization s 391 . The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position.

click OK. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. File Name. 2. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Export the Walkthrough 1.Visualization . notice where you save the file. In the Video Compression dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Click Play. select a video compression method to hold down file size. 3. 2.Play the Walkthrough 1. On the application menu. Revit generates the external AVI file. The walkthrough plays in the view window. Click Save. In the Length/Format dialog box. 4. Click OK. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.rvt.

You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. such as shaded or rendering. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Plan your class time accordingly. 6. Visualization s 393 .5. Double-click the new file name. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. It plays in your media player.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. save the Revit Architecture file. s Edited the path. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . If you have made changes to the building model. s Played the animation file in a media player.7. In this exercise. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.Visualization . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.

s Place a camera. True b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Export > FBX 3. Questions 1. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. s Export an FBX file. you use: a. True b. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Split b. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough. s Assign materials. Print to File b. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Orient walls and windows. a. s Add planting components. Demolish 2. Align c. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Flip Orientation d. s Export a walkthrough. s Export a DWG file. View > Shading d. a. you use: a. a. Save As > FBX c. True b. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Apply shading to a view.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create a raytrace rendering. False 2.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

In the following exercises. beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. you learn how to place structural columns. 4. beam systems. 3. Lesson Plan 1. 5. 6. Review structural columns. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . and braces. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. beams and braces. foundations. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams.

Structural . beams. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 .

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. especially columns. walls. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces.Structural . Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Knowing where structural members.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. and Language Arts. Place beam systems and braces. Structural s 401 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. Math (STEM). Create column grids. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. Technology.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used.

Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . On the Build panel of the Home tab. 2. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. 1. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Select a floor. spans without walls. Open Deck Framing. often mainly glass. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In residential construction. On the View Control Bar. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members.Structural . You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. In this exercise. They come in types defined by size and shape. beams can be steel.Hide Category. Structural columns can be steel. Beams connect columns or walls. wood. As with columns.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. or reinforced concrete. this is known as post and beam construction. 3. or concrete. wood. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. click Column > Structural Column.

8.4. In the Type Selector. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. On the Options Bar. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. 6. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 3A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. and 4B. click Depth. Structural s 403 . This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". The Properties palette displays the floor properties. 7. On the View Control Bar. 5. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8".

10. The columns are now hidden by the floors. and columns clearly.Structural . Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Zoom in so you can see the deck. Place Beams 1. 2.9. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 11. Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. Click OK. Click Hide In View > Element. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click off the columns to clear your selection set. In the Project Browser. rail. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click OK. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view).

To place beams: Structural s 405 . In the Type Selector. Structure panel. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. On the Structure tab. click Beam. 4. 5. s In the view window. On the Options Bar. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. Click.3. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. select Chain.

set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops.Structural . Click Modify. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. 7. Click. Click.s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. 6.

To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. 9. as shown. click Beam. On the Properties palette. Click Modify. If a Warning dialog box that opens. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click on grid intersection B4. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Structure panel. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. In this exercise. Click OK. Save the file as Deck Beams. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. click Make Wall Bearing.rvt. Click. 12.8. 11. Structural s 407 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. The completed exercise 5. Click the beam on Grid 1. click Pick Supports. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. s Place braces. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. Structure panel. Open Deck Beams.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders.rvt. or number of beams in a bay. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan.Structural . You place vertical bracing in elevation views. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . This is the direction indicator for the beam system. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Sketch Beam System. 3. 4. you: s Place beam systems. click Beam System. click No. 2. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. On the Structure tab. In this exercise. Place Beam Systems 1. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. distance.

Structural s 409 . On the Draw panel.6. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. 7. click Line. as shown. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

11. click Finish (green check). click Line. Click Finish. s s On the Draw panel. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. On the Properties palette. click Create Similar. On the Properties palette. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.2". s s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. s 9. Trim as necessary. set Elevation to -0'-9". set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. click Pick Supports. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab.8. On the Mode panel. 10.6". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.Structural .

On the Structure tab. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Structural s 411 . On the View Control Bar. unlike regular elevations. 5. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. click Brace. On the View tab. In the Project Browser. 2. 3. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium.Place Braces 1. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. It has an automatic work plane. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Click to place the elevation. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. 4. as shown. Create panel. Structure panel.

7. 9. Click Modify. Repeat the brace going right to left.6. to start the brace. In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the Type Selector.Structural . 8. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace.

Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. you: s Placed beam systems.rvt. 11. s Placed braces.10. Save the file as Deck structure. Structural s 413 . In this exercise.

you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. beams. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. You can change a grid number at any time. In plan views. The exact location is not critical. elevation. as shown. click Grid. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s In the view window. The exact length is not critical.Structural . and walls. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. click in the lower left to start a grid line. but they can also be angular and radial.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Pull the cursor straight up. and section views. This is a common step early in designing a large building. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. Datum panel. The numbering automatically increments. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. 2. In this exercise. Grid datasets.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. 4.3. The Grid tool is still active. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . Click to start another grid line. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".

s Select Grid Line 2. The new grid line is number 5. Pull the cursor to the left. Pull the cursor to the right. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4.Structural . Repeat to create grid line 4. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. click Copy. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. close to the heads. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. 6. 7. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Press ENTER. Press ENTER. Click to start a grid line. Enter A at the keyboard. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Grid 3 is already the selection set. click to place the grid line. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The new grid line will be number 3.5.

Grid 2. click the elbow control to place an offset. Structural s 417 . 10. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. The Grid tool is still active.8. This grid line will be number B.1. 11. s Click to place the grid line. Change the number to 2. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one.1 is still selected. On the grid line. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Select grid 2. 9. This completes the main grid. s Click Copy. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click outside the bubble to enter the number.

000 o . Revit will convert this to 15'-0". 3. click Grid. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Click to place the grid head.Structural . select Center-Ends Arc. Press ENTER. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Change the number to EE. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the Radius field. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. On the Draw panel. 4. Click in the new grid bubble. click Pick. click Radius. The Grid tool is still active. set Offset to 15'-0". s Click to start the grid line. enter 15.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. On the Options Bar. Create panel. Zoom to Fit. On the Draw panel. s s Click grid intersection D3.

The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. You will need to identify it easily. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid.5. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Structural s 419 . Click to place grid FF. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. 7. 6. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids.

11.Pick Axis. Enter 31 to change the name. s Click grid intersection D3. s Select grid 31.8. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Create Similar. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .000. Zoom to Fit. s 10. Revit will create grid 32. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Select grid 3. Click to place the grid line. click Mirror . s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. 9. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.Structural . s In this exercise. Click in the new grid bubble. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Press ENTER.rvt.

Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. Open ADA_Grids-complete. Structure panel. Now you place columns at grid intersections. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structural s 421 . This is a steel column. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. s 3. In the Type Selector.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Use a column grid to place beams. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s Change a grid layout. you typically create a grid. In this exercise. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. 2. As a result. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Column > Structural Column. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified.

Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. On the Multiple panel. In the Multiple panel.Structural . 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 3. A. C and D. 5. 6. 4. B.s s On the Options Bar. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. click Finish. 2. 4. set Height to Level 3. click At Grids.

Zoom to Fit. Window-select all the grid lines. click On Grids. 3. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Structural s 423 . 4. On the Multiple panel. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. click Finish. columns. 5. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 2. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. and beams will move to the right. The grid. click Beam. Click Grid 1.

Click Redo. window-select all the columns. On the Multiple panel. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 1. In the view window. On the Multiple panel. On the Quick Access toolbar. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Open the Default 3D view. click Finish. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 4. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 2. 6.Structural . Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. click No. click Isolated. click At Columns. click Undo. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. 3. Columns and beams will move to the right.

7. Press ESC to clear the column selection. The footing had been placed at Level 1.5. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. 6. To change the size of the footing. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Structural s 425 . The footing changes size. A warning displays. in the Type Selector. s On the Properties palette. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Click OK.

426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns.Structural . s Changed a grid layout. s Used a column grid to place beams.8. In this exercise. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.

Structural . s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances.

s Place beam systems. s Use a column grid to place columns. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Change a grid layout. s Place braces. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. 2. All of the above. Questions 1. True b. Column b. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Brace c. s Add footings to columns. Beam d.

A but not B. Select the type of beam or column to place. All of the above. To create a beam system. a. If you relocate a grid line. Flip Orientation d. you: a.Structural . 5. Use grid lines and grid intersections. Select a beam type and define the system layout. 3. you use: a. c. True b. b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. c. Properties c. 2. b. d. you can: a. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. To change the height of a column. a. False 4. True b. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Pick points. Stretch b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. d. A and B. When placing columns or beams. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it.

Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .Director. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Instructor. PE . Copyright s 431 . International Technology Education Association www. Milwaukee. Starkweather . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. WI Roger Dohm . Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Randy Dymond.Executive Director. Inc. South Division High School.Teacher. Smith . Ltd. Poway High School. Mathematics.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .org Project Lead the Way.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.iteaconnect. Susan Harrington . Poway. CA Ronald A Williams.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.

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