Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. intersections. Distances can be adjusted at any time.When sketching walls. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

section. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . roofs. stairs. You can add building elements in plan. windows. and 3D views. floors. Other building elements such as doors.Software Tools . and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. furniture. elevation.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design.

windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. If one is moved. In the illustration shown. In the two illustrations shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. or at any time after. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. the other will move as well.While components are being sketched.

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints.If the left side wall is moved. In essence. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .

This lesson relates to science. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Constrain placement of objects.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. Technology. engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . and math standards. s Place a predefined Mass family. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). technology. Engineering.

and curtain systems. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . A designer. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. There are mass families available to load into a project. owner. quickly. such as distance requirements from roadways. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. size. Masses can be edited in many ways. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. roofs. or masses. and then converted into building components such as floors. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. you can create in-place masses. walls. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . and curtain systems by selecting faces of. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. roofs.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. masses. or within. walls. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.

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Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . This lesson relates to science.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Recognize temporary dimensions. legends. Technology. tags. Engineering. engineering. Annotation includes text notes. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and symbol heads. and Language Arts. s Explain the use of dimensions. and math standards. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Math (STEM). Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols.

Each symbol family file (*.Software Tools . 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. radial. Permanent dimensions can be linear.

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.y. and how other levels change display accordingly.

28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

and math standards. s Open and use ribbon tabs. the Type Selector. Math (STEM). s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. Engineering. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. This lesson relates to science. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Software Tools . and Options Bar. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Work with tool buttons. and Language Arts.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Open tabs on the ribbon. Technology.

The ribbon sits above the drawing window. and rooms. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Its position is fixed. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Display and Navigation s 31 . Some commands will not be active (that is. doors. for instance. beams. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. windows. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions.

Software Tools .The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

symbols. slabs. and foundations. columns. braces. and text. Display and Navigation s 33 . Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. trusses. structural walls. detailing.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 35 .The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.

The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and inquiry. materials.Software Tools . Context tabs display as you work. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and parameters. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. This menu has file management tools such as New. Save. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. and Close. Open. Print.Software Tools . 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules.Software Tools . families. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. sheets. and groups. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Legends. schedules. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. with four elevation markers visible.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .

level of detail. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. cropping. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. shadow display. rendering (in 3D views). The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. sun settings. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. A check mark indicates it is visible. Windows panel on the ribbon. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . View Control Bar View scale.Software Tools . and a selection filter counter at the far right end. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. visual style. click the User Interface button located on the View tab.

Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. To change the scale of a view. but not at Coarse.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. Select the desired view scale from the list. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Display and Navigation s 43 . place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click.

Software Tools . It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded. Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. Display and Navigation s 47 . sun and shadow intensity. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. or by global location. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. which can be according to the view. date and time. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings.

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The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 .

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected.Software Tools . You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. the view window displays a colored border.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

These controls. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. enabling you to select them.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. To activate or open a view. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. View. Structure. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Collaborate. Massing & Site. Annotate.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Insert. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Nine tabs are available: Home. Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. Display and Navigation s 55 .

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list.

When a context tab is active. Display and Navigation s 57 . The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. If you select items in the view window. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. showing options that you can select while you are working.Context Tabs. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. the Options Bar may display below it. Properties Palette.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.When you select an item or start a placement tool. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .

60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

Software Tools . which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. In 3D views. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.

Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The application menu contains file management controls. Print. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. the application menu. Click a file name to open that file. On the right is a list of recently opened files. File Close only appears on the application menu. File Save. Display and Navigation s 65 . and Publish. New File.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. such as File Open. Export. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view.

Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software. 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. click OK in the dialog box that opens. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. or click New > Project from the application menu. After you have examined each of them. Display and Navigation s 67 . The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. The panel titles display under the tab titles. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. The completed exercise 4. To start a new project. 3. If you select the menu option. 2. Do this for other tabs. make the Home tab active. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Panel Titles.

Close the file without saving. Select Cycle Through All.Software Tools . 6. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Icons for panels display below tab titles. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then viewed. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. 7. They disappear when you move the cursor away. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. In this exercise. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays.5. you opened a project file. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens.

Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. The file opens to a 3D view. doubleclick the view name. Display and Navigation s 69 . Open quick_start_building_elements. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Exercise 2. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. In the Project Browser.rvt. 2. You worked on this file in Getting Started.

Click the door in the upper left of the model. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. Click OK. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. 5. 6. Click any interior wall.Software Tools . and windows highlight blue. 7. 8. You are selecting everything visible. 4. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Clear Walls and Doors. On the Properties palette. all the walls. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. doors. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .3. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". The Modify | Walls context tab opens. Click Filter panel > Filter. . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows.

examined the menus and toolbars. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. 11. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. On the Properties palette. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. In this exercise. click Create panel > Create Similar. 10. 12.rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Display and Navigation s 71 . Place a door as shown. Click any door. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.9. you opened a project file. On the Modify | Doors context tab.

annotations.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. either predefined or user-created. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. You can create sections. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and views. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. building elements (walls. and 3D views using the View menu. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. drafting views. System families include levels. schedules. Math (STEM). Revit provides floor plan. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. ceiling plan. operating settings. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Technology. Component families include model objects (furniture. and elevation views by default. templates. s Create a new in-place family. Engineering. floors). In the exercises. display controls.Software Tools . s Work with Revit families. Pan. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. mechanical equipment). Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and Language Arts. lines. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Load and place component families. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and math standards. engineering. technology. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science.

Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Click Zoom to Fit. There is no way to see everything in it. even a small one. The elevation markers disappear from the view.Software Tools . VG also opens the dialog box. 2. Click OK. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Rightclick in the view window. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. is an extensive database. The display changes. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. First. The completed exercise Visibility 1. Open Unit2_building_elements. Four elevation markers are visible. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. Click the Annotation Categories tab. 3. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .rvt.

so be sure to select them both. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. 6.4. Click Zoom In Region. Select the roof outline. Enter ZF. There are two parts to an elevation. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. 7. click Detail Level. Select Detail Level: Medium. Click Open. Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Right-click. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Click and drag the cursor as shown. 5. Zoom to Fit. On the View Control Bar.

View Properties 1. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. 2.8. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Turn off visibility of the elevations. On the Properties palette.Software Tools . There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Enter VH. change the Underlay value to None. Click Zoom to Fit. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. doors and windows are not shown. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. as before. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects.

All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. For Name. Set the cut plane value to 7' .0". Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. click Edit. enter Roof. Next to View Range. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. the ridge is now visible. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Right-click. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. and where the cut plane sits. 4. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . Click Rename.3.

78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In the Sun Settings dialog box. 4.Graphic Display Options 1. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. select Still.Software Tools . select Shadows On. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. 3. 2. select Winter Solstice. Set the time to 9:30 am. In the dialog box that opens. select Shading with Edges. In the Presets list. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Accept the location that activates. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. under Solar Study. 5. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. Open Elevation view South.

Save the file as Unit2_views.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The elevation shadows update. In this exercise. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.rvt. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6.

floors. Doors are considered standard family entities. In Revit. windows.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. such as levels. windows. and use a Revit family to place a door. click Door. Additionally. or institutional structures. There are system families. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. walls. Open Unit2_views. Doors. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. 2. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. doors and windows are dependent on walls). These components are called families and there are several different types. you open an existing project file. load. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. 3. or stand-alone (for example. and floors. Build panel.Software Tools . roofs.rvt. and so on. and annotations are examples of standard families. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. and families in place. standard families. commercial. This exercise illustrates how you locate. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. s A system family. On the Home tab. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. furniture. furniture). You add closet doors to interior walls. and place Revit families. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. lights. railings. and furniture. is predefined within Revit. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.

Click Open. and Annotation. Click the Doors folder. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. s s 6. 4. Family files have a file extension of *. If you highlight a door family. Accept the default size. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Click Open. Tag panel. Furniture. You click to place an instance of the door family.rfa. The Door Insertion tool stays active.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. As you move your cursor near any wall. Locate Double Panel 2. 5. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors.rvt. Project files have a file extension of *. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). Working with Views and Objects s 81 . The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls.rfa. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. It has a number of different sizes defined. On the Modify | Place Door tab.

In this exercise. 8. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. and placed instances of a door family. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls.rvt. Place an instance of the door as shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. 9. simply click it. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. you located. loaded. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Place two more instances of the door as shown.7.Software Tools . An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. but not strongly. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.

rvt. 4. enter 48" x 80". This door needs to be 48" wide. 2. Select the double door as shown. Open Unit2_doors_walls. modify a door family. 5. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. 3. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The required width is not available. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. you open an existing project file.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. click Duplicate. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. and create an in-place family. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. For Name.

84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 1.6.Software Tools . 2. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). In the dialog box. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. set the Extrusion End value to 6". select Generic Models. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. On the Home tab. The door updates. click Component > Model In-Place. Click OK. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 5. For Name. On the Properties palette. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. enter Hall Clock. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. Click OK. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 3. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Build panel. 4. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. is to create a component family in place.

You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before.2". Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 13. and placed a door family. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 10. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . On the Draw panel. 11.4" as shown. The family model updates. 12. you located. Revit will display . as shown. loaded. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. You have created the base of the clock. Click OK. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". click Rectangle.0' 2". 7. 8. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . 9. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' .6.rvt.

Software Tools . Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

c. tab. The tool shown is used to: a. True b. 6. c. c. False 2. True b. To activate a view: a. False 4. Create a 3D perspective view. s Access. depending on the template selected. d. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. s Create an in-place model family. b. Turn on Shadows. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Adjust Visual Style Options. b. Zoom to the entire model. False 3. 7. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. a. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. s Change view displays. a. Right-click. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Views can be renamed. s Change view properties. a. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. a.Software Tools . All content tools are located on the ribbon. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Change type properties of a family. True b. d. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Spin the model in 3D space. b. context tabs. and Options Bar. s Open different views. Zoom in Region is used to: a. False 5. Either a or b. Questions 1. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and place a family from a library. and click Open. load. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. True b. Each project has several predefined views. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson.

Scroll d. A family created within a project is called ________________. Pan and Zoom b. etc. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Families 11. a. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Properties palette 10. Blocks c. All of the above. Multiview b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. a. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. In-Place d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors.8. Rotate c. System c. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b.) are called: a. windows. depending on settings 9. Parts d. Standard b. Project Browser d.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create a project template.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . Lesson Plan 1. Review Revit Architecture setup. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. 4. s Create labels. you will be able to: s Select a project template. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create dimensions and text. 8. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 9.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Set project units. 7. s Create dimension and text styles. s Duplicate and modify views. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 2. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block.

org.aias.org. Explain why templates are used. and so forth. should be used. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. linetypes. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Technology. linetypes. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and the settings that are preset within them. Visit the AIA website at www. Visit the AIAS website at www. defining the layers.Standards and Building Codes . Engineering.aia. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). colors. based on the AIA standards. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 .This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.

a bathroom. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. it must have at least one door. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. windows. and so on. one window. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. it cannot be called a bedroom. like mechanical drawing. A garage must be completely enclosed.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the number being its numerical value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. defined and adopted by convention. doors. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. a garage. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. and one closet. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. and so on. otherwise it is considered a carport. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. If it lacks any of these components.Standards and Building Codes . Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. If there is a fire. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For example.

the construction industry still uses the English. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location.For example. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. unit symbol ft. unit symbol m.. is 555 ft. and other materials. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. using imperial units. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. in the United States. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. glass. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. In architectural drafting. such as room size and wall height. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object.. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. its value is expressed in the unit meter. units are applied to dimensions. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. Another method is to apply dual notation. However. is 169 m. also known as the International System of Units. or imperial. Here h is the physical quantity. system (inches and feet) to order lumber.

Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. for example 1/8" = 1'-0".) 8. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and viewports.Scales are ratios. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. one value representing another value. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. Each size is designated by a letter. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. line weight and pattern. every 1/8" would represent 1'. sheets. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). In Revit Architecture.

A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. symbols. The integers go from 0 to 9. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).a modified version of the AIA standard.01. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. and then add a title block or other symbols. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. elevators.01. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create and position views. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. temporary Schedules Sections. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. notes Demolition. site plan. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example.

the HVAC company. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. For example. that is. The next space is for tracking revisions. fonts. annotation plot sizes. the author of the drawing. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Typically. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. and so on. Usually. The final sections are for the sheet title and number.Standards and Building Codes . the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. followed by information on the building's owner. the electrician. drawing scales. and layer standards. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the date drawn.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. The paper is oriented landscape. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. so that the height is less than the width. and other relevant information. The column is divided into sections. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point.

required symbols. and so forth. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . dimension and text styles. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts. layer settings.in the City of San Francisco. title blocks.

windows. views. To review the list of standards for each lesson. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project.Standards and Building Codes . Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. dimension styles. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. and walls. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Math (STEM). and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Technology. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. These can be used to build your model. and Language Arts.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 .This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards.

Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. Open Revit to an empty project file. In Revit. click Browse. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Select a Template 1. Condominiums. 3. you create a new project file using a template. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. In the New Project dialog box. you use templates as starting points. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. On the application menu. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. apartments. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. 2. factory.Standards and Building Codes . or store. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click New > Project. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.

4. On the application menu. Select the Residential-Default. Click OK. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. In this exercise. you started a new project file using a standard template. Settings s 103 . Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. saving set up time. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. click Close to close this project without saving. Click Open.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. 5. 6.

open ADA__Settings. s Place the cursor over the left wall.Standards and Building Codes . Press ESC to cancel the wall. In the courseware datasets folder. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. In the Project Browser. the drawing setup options are preset. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model.rvt. 2. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. expand Floor Plans under Views. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. Pull the cursor to the right. 3. Click to start a new wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. In this exercise. The Wall tool remains active. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. Build panel. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. The file opens to a 3D view. click Wall.

s Set Unit symbol to m. Settings s 105 .) 6. 7. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. In this exercise. 5. and move the cursor right. (The keyboard shortcut is UN.4. Place the cursor over the left wall. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Press ESC to cancel the wall. Close the file without saving. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. click to start a new wall. 8. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Click Format for Length. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Click OK twice to save the setting change.) s Select Suppress Training 0's.

or insert components. click Aligned. Click OK. 4. Open ADA_Dimensions. click Edit Type. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Temporary dimensions display when you select. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 3. there are two types of dimensions. 2. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. 1. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. In the Type Properties dialog box. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . click Duplicate. For Name. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. dimensions not only display. enter Big Text. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. Dimension panel.Standards and Building Codes . create. On the Annotate tab. but also control the size and location of objects. temporary and permanent. By default. dimensions snap to wall centerlines.

and bottom horizontal walls. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. 7. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. left. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Click OK twice. Select the top.5. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. The Dimension tool is still active. 6. Click to place. s Set Text Size to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 107 . s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot.

Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style. you opened an existing file. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Note the differences between the two dimension styles. 9. created a new dimension style. upper. s s s Select the far left. In this exercise.8. Click to place the dimension.Standards and Building Codes . The Dimension tool stays active. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Close the file without saving. and far right vertical walls. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.

Notice the door and window tags. These are annotations.rvt. Right-click. Settings s 109 . The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. and the view window displays the new plan. There are no annotations visible. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. In the Project Browser. 3. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. In the datasets folder. 2.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In order to do this. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.

click Project Information. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. On the Manage tab. 6. 7. Click OK to update the display of this view. Settings panel. In the Project Browser. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV.Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 1. Click Rename. In the Project Browser. 5. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 8. Double-click to open it. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit.4. Model Categories tab. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select Floor Plan: Level 1.

Enter the address as shown. Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. 2. Rightclick. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.Add a Sheet 1. In the Value column of Project Address.) 3. click Edit. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click OK. You can also enter the address of your school. 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. 2. highlight the title block displayed in the list. or supply your own values: Click OK. Settings s 111 . Click New Sheet. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.

Add a View to the Sheet 1. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Click Apply. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Next. Notice the change to the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 5.4. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

2. Select Deactivate View. Select the new viewport. 4. Select Add View to Sheet. Right-click. Click Activate View. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. 3. Settings s 113 . Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Right-click in the view.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. You see the view at the end of your cursor.

Close the file without saving. The Scale updates in the title block. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. of the sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. 6. s Added a sheet. Finish the move.5. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . you: select it. deselect it. s Placed a view on the sheet. Place the cursor 7. The view updates on the sheet. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise.

3. Start Revit Architecture. A copy of the 11 x 8. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.rft.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Select A-11x8. It opens to the Recent Files window. 2.5. On the application menu. This is one of the longer exercises. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 4. Settings s 115 . Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.5 title block template opens. click New > Titleblock. Click Open.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Accept the Sample Value. 15. In this exercise. Add a label for Sheet Number. 11.Landscape.rfa. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 10. you created a title block using a template file.9. 13. Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. s Accept the Sample Value. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . On the Quick Access toolbar. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. s Click Add. select Drawn By. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. Your teacher may specify another location. Accept the Sample Value. 14. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Click Zoom to Fit. Add a label for Checked By. On the application menu. click Close. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Save the title block as A . 12. click Save to save the title block.

and then load a custom title block into your project.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. Insert a Title Block 1. In the Recent Files window. Your title block is now displayed in the list. you create a new project file. 5. Settings s 125 . click New to create a new project using the default template. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Locate your title block. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window. Click Open. 4. 2. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. 3. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. On the View tab. Highlight the title block and click OK.

and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 6. click Project Information. s For Drawn By. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. On the Properties palette. Settings panel.Standards and Building Codes .rvt in a location determined by your instructor. 2. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Zoom to Fit. enter your name. In this exercise. 5. Select the title block. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. enter your instructor's name. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. On the Manage tab. Click OK. you a created a new project file. Click OK. enter Student Project Unit 3. s For Checked By.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Click OK. 4. 3.

and the units for your custom template. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. a dimension style. angles. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. There are various settings you can define for your template. you create a new project file. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. and then load them like families. you define the title block. On the application menu. s Families: Load in families you use most often. and geometry from the template. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. such as 3D and plan views.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. and slope angle. including how the rendered image looks. In the New Project dialog box. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. In this exercise. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. settings. 1. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. 3. in addition to predefined wall types. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. 2. select Project Template. Click OK. On the Insert tab. click New > Project. Create a Template In this exercise.

9. click Duplicate. Set the units for the template. Open the title block A . enter 3/16" Verdana. You create a custom dimension style. 5.rfa. There will be no visible change. 8.Standards and Building Codes . Next. On the Annotate tab. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. For Name. Click OK. click Settings panel > Project Units.4. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Manage tab. 10. Click the Length field in the Format column. Click OK twice. create a Dimension Style.Landscape. 7. 6.

Click New Sheet. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Click OK. 15. select Sheets (All). Settings s 129 . Click Dimension panel > Aligned. Select the A . 14. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Rightclick.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 12. Change the following settings as shown: 13. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser.11. Click OK.

16. Click OK. Save your project template in your class project folder.Standards and Building Codes . Save the file name as A-English template. 17. You can use this template for future projects. The title block updates. title block. as well as dimension style and units. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rte. you created a new template file using a dimension style. In this exercise. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. and units that you defined.

s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed.

a. s Create a dimension style. A. 1:3 b. s Create a template. A unit 4. UBC c. s Create a title block. and symbols used in drawing? a. dimension styles. 1:24 d. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a. False 3. P. An architect b. s Change lineweight. 1:12 c.02 b. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". A particular physical quantity. AIA b. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.05 c. s Create text. s Create a text style. s Change dimension colors. Using AIA Standards. NCTM d.Standards and Building Codes . S. is defined as what? a. you learned to: s Set units in a file. General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. 1:32 5. True b. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create dimensions. Metric d. English c. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. A. s Create labels. NCSESA 2.02 d.

False 4. dimensions snap to: a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Point offsets 3. Wall centerlines c. you use: a. True b. In Revit Architecture. To create a new sheet. To change the scale of a view. By default. To set the units in a project. True b. a. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. a. Wall faces b. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. you click: a. Wall midpoints d. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Application menu > Properties b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. False 6. False Summary/Questions s 133 . True b.

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4. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. s Align walls. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . 2. (Student) Evaluate Students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . s Define a wall structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 5. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 6. s Trim and extend walls. Lesson Plan 1.

or filling in between. them. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and protect its interior spaces. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. their construction and materials. List the different types of occupancy. separate. After completing this lesson. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.Walls .

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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4.3. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Click to set the endpoint. the dimension updates incrementally. Clear the Chain option. Stud. click it to open an edit field. but it disappears when you begin another action. After you create the wall. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. indicating wall length.Brick on Mtl. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. It will not print. Expand the Type Selector list. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. As you continue to move the cursor. Select the Single Line option. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. an angular dimension displays. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Notice that a temporary dimension displays. a dashed line displays. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Walls s 151 . To modify a dimension. Enter 10. 5. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall.

After setting the vertical wall's direction. On the View Control Bar. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 7. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall.6. Depending on your zoom in the view. the controls may sit on top of one another. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. enter 7. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Click to start the next wall. Create panel. Click the wall. click the Detail Level icon. click Modify to stop placing walls. On the Modify | Walls tab. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. Set the Detail Level to Medium. The wall does not show any internal detail. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. click Create Similar. 8. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side.Walls . Press ENTER. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Select panel. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall.

the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. no matter where you move the cursor. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Notice that two dimensions display. release the mouse button to set a new length. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Walls s 153 . Because you drew the wall from up to down. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension.9. 10. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Click Modify. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Also. Select the right vertical wall. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. an alignment line displays. Make the horizontal wall 8' long.

thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 13. On the Home tab. Select the lower vertical wall. When using the Chain option. 15. 12. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays.11. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Build panel. click Wall. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows.Walls . Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Repeat. Sketch the walls as shown. Right-click. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. 14. Click Cancel. 16. Select Chain on the Options Bar. This is the same as clicking Modify. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points.

Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. Clear the Chain option. After clicking the second end.rvt. Click Create Similar again. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Select the Three Point Arc tool. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Walls s 155 . 19. Click Zoom to Fit. 20. Save the project as Unit4_walls.18. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. 17. Click Modify. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. In this exercise.

Both split walls are shown below. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. This exercise illustrates how to split. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. fillet. 3. 2. Only part of the wall highlights. Click Modify. align. trim. and extend walls. The cursor changes to a razor blade.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise.rvt from the previous exercise. Do the same for the vertical wall. You now remove the upper right corner. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. 4. Split Walls 1. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown.Walls . Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . To do this. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. you first split the walls at the intersections. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split.

Enter 5'. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. click Undo and repeat the steps. This is how you create rounded wall corners. 3. 5. On the Modify | Wall tab. If you make a mistake. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. On the Options Bar. Modify panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. Select any wall. 2. You can also click the flip control. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. Walls s 157 . click Create Similar. click Delete. Create panel. select Radius. 4. Click Fillet Arc. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections).Fillet Walls 1.

To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Walls . 1. 2. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 3. The Wall tool is still active.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. select Basic Wall: Interior . Place an interior wall as shown. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. You align the wall in the next steps.

The length is not critical. s On the Options Bar. Walls s 159 . The Wall Trim Tool 1. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. You can lock the alignment. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Click to create a wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. clear Chain.4. Pull the cursor straight up. such as location lines. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall.

This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 4. This will be the border. Select the horizontal wall as shown. This will extend to the border.s Move the cursor to the left and click. The walls can cross. 6. Select the vertical wall as shown. Select the two interior walls in turn. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 5. The length is not critical. 2. 3. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim.Walls . 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

and trim.7. fillet. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.rvt. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. In this exercise. Walls s 161 .

In the Project Browser. satisfy different requirements. 1.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. The Modify tool is active by default. and vary in cost. On the Properties palette. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 3.Walls . Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. 2. click Edit Type. Select the Exterior wall as shown.

To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 6. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. enter 8" Insulated Stud. When you are finished. click Edit in the Structure value field.4. Click Insert twice. has a Function you can edit. s Click the number of Layer 3. s Click Up. s Click Down twice. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. Walls s 163 . Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 8. 5. Every layer of a wall. Add two additional layers to the wall. For Name. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. the wall structure should be as shown. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. Click OK. s Click the arrow at the right. 7. To edit the structure of the wall. except Core Boundary. s Select Finish 1 [4]. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2.

The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Stud Layer. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1].9. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Interior Gypsum Wall Board.Walls .Exterior . 12. Modify the Function. Material. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. s Set the Material to Wood . s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". select Finishes .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. 10. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Set the Material to Finishes . which displays plan or section views. 11. 13. s Click the icon that appears at the right. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box.

select Medium. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Click Apply to update the view. From the Detail level list. On the Properties palette. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected.14. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 16. 15. In the Project Browser. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. Walls s 165 . expand the Families branch. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. 17.

You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. In this exercise. Right-click 8" Exterior. Close the file without saving. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 19. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 20. defined a new wall structure. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud.18. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. From the Type Selector list. You opened an existing file. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls .

You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. The model opens in a 3D view.Brick on Mtl. such as a weatherproof outside surface. In this exercise. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. a structural mid-section. Select one of the Exterior . You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . and a decorated interior surface. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features.rvt. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. for example. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. 3. Stud walls as shown. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. You can define a wall type with these elements. 2. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. wood rails.

Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. As indicated in the dialog box title. 2. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. 1. To split a layer or region vertically. Click Split Region. 6. click Edit.Walls . You can set the sample height to any value. in the Structure value field. into regions. so all instances of this type change. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. 5. To split a layer or region horizontally. either horizontally or vertically. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. In this exercise. To define the structure of the wall. When you split a layer.4. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. You can assign different materials to regions. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. highlight one of the borders. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. or you will lose your changes. You can split regions into other regions. You change the type. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. If not already expanded. the new regions assume the same material as the original. 8. 7. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. Wall structures are Type Properties. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active.

Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. After merge. 3. Click Merge Regions. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click to merge them. 4. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge.Brick layer. Prehighlight a border between regions. The upper split disappears. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1.3. Walls s 169 . 1. When you merge regions. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to split the region into two parts. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. In this case. since both regions are composed of the same layer. assign Layer 1. Click to merge the two layers. 2.

The dimension text turns blue. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. s Select the split line. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. instead of down. to the next parallel line. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. To create a new wall layer. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. If you set the split offset down from the top. Click the temporary dimension text. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click Insert. 4. Click again to return to the original position. 1. Press ENTER. click Modify. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 3. 1.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. indicating that it is modifiable. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Change the value to 12. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". 2.Walls . Next. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). After a region is split. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. In the Edit dialog box. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. 2.

because it is now the selected layer. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. When a layer is selected in the table. 7. The preview changes appearance. 8. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. In this exercise. Split Region. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Close the file without saving. Click OK. it highlights in blue in the preview window. 9.Brick Soldier Course. Merge Region. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region.4. Walls s 171 . It also shows a thickness value. Change the Material to Masonry . 5. Click Assign Layers. Modify. All walls of this type have been changed. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . It immediately highlights in blue. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. as shown. 6.Brick Soldier Course layer. Click OK. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. and Insert Layer tools. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 10.

They also must resist sideways forces from wind. and insulation. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. installed. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and protected. piping. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. ducting. earth.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring.Walls . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

Custom types and sizes can also be built. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. the ventilation. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the view.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. and the amount of space you have inside your building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but also the natural lighting. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows .

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. About Doors and Windows s 185 . Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area.

and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.Doors and Windows . ft. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. An unobstructed opening of 5. The height can be no less than 24".7 sq. if there is no other escape route. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20".An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. windows. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Components such as doors. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and how to position. engineering. Engineering.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. technology. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. In this unit. how to load additional door and window families. s Copy windows. and copy these elements. you learn how to place doors and windows. move. Doors and Windows s 187 . s Center a door in a wall. Some families are loaded into each empty file. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. and Language Arts. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. and furniture are defined in family files. Technology.

Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. 2. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Once a door is placed. Add Doors 1. elevation view. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. or 3D view. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. When placing doors in a plan view. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Build panel. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. click Door. In other words. On the Home tab. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Open ADA_Doors_Windows. This can be done in a plan view. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. 3. To flip the door. To reverse the swing.Doors and Windows . the door swing would be to the left side. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.

except for the Type Selector. and windows into project files. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Select the door Double-Panel 2. 3. Click Open. Doors and Windows s 189 . In order to keep file size small. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. The display does not change. Mode panel. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. From the Type Selector list.Load Families 1. click Load Family. With the Door command active. 2. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library.rfa. walls. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online.

Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".Doors and Windows . The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place a second instance in the wall opposite.4. 5. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. If necessary. From the Type Selector.

use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it. change a temporary dimension. Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. Remember. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. or by using the swing control arrows. simply click it and enter the correct value. To Doors and Windows s 191 .6. If you place a door in the wrong location. Place instances of single doors as shown.

Doors and Windows . 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors.7.rvt.

Windows have exterior and interior sides.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. approach the wall from the right side. From the Type Selector. Add Windows 1. the outside of the window is to the left side.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click Modify and select the window. or 3D view. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view. To reverse the window after performing another operation. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. When placing windows in a plan view. On the Home tab. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. 2. click Window. You can place windows in a plan view. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. Build panel. Open Unit5_doors. To face the outside of the window to the other side.

All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. You do not need to add dimensions.Doors and Windows . you opened an existing project.3. 5. Window tags do not number in sequence. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. and placed windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Place seven more windows as shown. loaded a door family. 4. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.rvt. placed doors. In this exercise.

and so on. constrain it to be centered in a wall. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. window. wall. you open an existing project file. 4. 3. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . place a door. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 2. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. click Aligned. 1. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. Dimension panel. On the Annotate tab. and modify the wall. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display.rvt.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. s Align and modify walls.

6. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 5. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click the center of the door. Click it and it changes as shown. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. Align Walls 1. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Notice the symbol. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the upper wall first. Click the right wall.s s s s Click the left wall. This means that if one wall shifts. The walls are now aligned. the other wall will remain aligned. 2. The door changes location.Doors and Windows .

(Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Change the dimension to 16.) The dimension value is now shown. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Clear the EQ Display value. Doors and Windows s 197 . 3. The walls shift and remain aligned. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Dimensions display below it. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Right-click.4. 5.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.6. Right-click.Doors and Windows . you placed a continuous dimension. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned.rvt. 7.

you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Doors and Windows s 199 . especially if there are many different types. On the Modify | Windows tab. In this exercise. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired.rvt. 1. 4. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 2. click Create Similar. Create panel.

Select the window you just placed. 3. Modify panel. 4. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. click Copy. On the Modify | Windows tab. The window will change appearance. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 2.Doors and Windows . The window is copied.Copy Windows 1.

In this exercise.5. Doors and Windows s 201 . Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools.rvt. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. heat. flat glass is a recent invention.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.Doors and Windows . cold. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong.

s Copy a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. False 2. a. True b. 36" c. Custom 3. If a room is used for sleeping. 34" 4. s Align a door or window. 32" b. 32" d. s Position a door or window. 40" d. 28" b. Standard b. s Place a window. 30" c. a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation.

d. you: a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. you use: a. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. Click Flip Direction. Load c. 6. True b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. To center a door or window in a wall. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. Right-click. False 2. b. A reference plane b. you use ________. Insert d. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. a. The center snap 7. a. Use door grips to reposition. c. Door and window tags are placed automatically. True b. Click Door Properties. c. b. d. Link c. True b. a. Select the door. Clone b. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. a. Duplicate d. Properties 3. 4. Offset c. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Select the door. Click Door Properties. Load from Library b. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click Modify > Flip Direction. To change the swing direction of a door: a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. To change the location of a door or window. Select the door. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Copy 8. False 5.Doors and Windows .

Review stairs and railings.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . you will be able to: s Create stairs. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. (Student) Evaluate students.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. 4. Lesson Plan 1. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . 5. s Create railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.

Describe the formulas for stair calculation. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. List the different stair types.Stairs and Railings . stair and railing types. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. After completing this lesson. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.

Engineering. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM). About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and math standards. This lesson relates to technology.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. and Language Arts. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Then.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Once the actual riser height is determined. About Stairs and Railings s 209 .

All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.

Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. Due to building code.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.

but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Stairs and Railings .

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.

Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. 11" maximum.

Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 .

Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. For safety reasons. of certain horizontal depth or run. you will be able to: s Create stairs. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and spiral stairs. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. and stairs. L-shaped runs with a landing. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Modify stairs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and Language Arts. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. engineering. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. s Create U-shaped stairs. Math (STEM). which includes elevators. As you move the cursor. You can define straight runs.Stairs and Railings . You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). Engineering. You create stairs in a plan view. ramps. Technology. or tread. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. This lesson relates to technology. U-shaped stairs. or vertical circulation. In multistory buildings. s Add a railing.

3. On the Properties palette. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. From the courseware datasets folder. Before you create the stairs.rvt. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing. Zoom in Region to the lobby.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. you create stairs using a straight run. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. This file is in metric units. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Stairs and Railings s 217 .

4. Click OK to close the dialog box. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. click Stairs. On the Home tab. you create a straight run. Run is preselected. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Circulation panel. In this case. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. These tools are used to define your stairs. 5. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run.Stairs and Railings . The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray).

select Finish (green check). You can continue to move the cursor up. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. 9. To change the run dimension. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 8. the run footprint stops expanding. and then click to define the run of stairs. If you have not fully created the run. You can also enter a distance of 4400.6. 7. As you move the cursor up. On the Mode panel. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Select this intersection point to start your run. 10. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. Revit displays the number of risers you created. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.

Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. 12. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise.Stairs and Railings .rvt. click application menu > Save As > Project. and switched to a 3D view. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. In this exercise.11. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. you created and placed a straight run stair. 13. To avoid overwriting the original file.

2. The stair is not centered on the landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3.rvt. Activate view Floor Plans. click Align.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Level 1. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Edit panel. Stairs and Railings s 221 . On the Modify tab. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.

You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. select Wall centerlines. The Align command remains active. Click the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the wall first.Stairs and Railings . which is located at the center of the stairs. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. from the Prefer list. 5. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. You can rotate your model to get a better view. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode.4. Take time to make the selections correctly. If you have a scroll mouse. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model.

Graphics. Select the stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . s For Name. On the Properties palette. In the Project Browser. enter Lobby Stairs. click Edit Type. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. On the Properties palette. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. 7. s Click Duplicate. Change Width to 1350. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. Hover the cursor over the railing. s Click OK. As you prehighlight them. expand Sections (Building Section). Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box.6. railings were created with the stairs. 9. 8. and Dimensions subsections.

Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Stairs and Railings . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.10. Select both railings. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .Cherry s s Click Modify. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Lobby Stair View. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .

Mode panel. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Delete this line. 13. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Next.12. s Zoom in on the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. s Select the stairs (not a railing). The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. The railings change. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. click Edit Sketch. The stair changes to the run sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. 14. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Click it to select it. In the Type Selector.

17. 16. click Boundary. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 18. click the left end of the top riser. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Click to place the arc. s Select the arc boundary you just created. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. Click Modify. 19.15. On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. To place the second arc endpoint.Stairs and Railings . s On the Modify panel. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.

the arc center point. On the Draw panel. select the endpoint of the right boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. Click to exit the Mirror command. This will define a rounded first step. For the third point. click Riser. 20. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Next. First. select the endpoint of the left boundary.21. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Delete the first (bottom) riser line.

Stairs and Railings . 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results. you modified stair properties and boundaries. In this exercise. click Finish. On the Mode panel. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23.rvt. You also modified the properties of a railing.

the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. To make sure you are selecting the railing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. This is typically done in plan view. In this case. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. 2. Zoom into the landing area as shown. The completed exercise To create a railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you need to define a path for the railing. you sketch the plan view path. Select the right side railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Open the Level 2 floor plan view.rvt from the previous exercise. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Therefore. For simple railings. Click Modify. you add a railing to a second floor landing. 3. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments.

The dimensions are shown as a guide. 6. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. on the Modify | Railings tab. To set the exact distance. Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. select Chain. click Line.Stairs and Railings . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Once the railing is selected. 5.4. Mode panel. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . You do not need to add dimensions. s s On the Options Bar. Then. edit the temporary dimension. On the Draw panel. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. click Edit Path. 7. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall.

You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. 8.rvt. In this exercise. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Delete your lines and try again. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. 9.

Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. Create a Reference Plane 1.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. s On the Home tab. 2. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. you create a reference plane. set the Offset value to 850.Stairs and Railings . you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. In a floor plan view. Work Plane panel. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment.rvt from the previous exercise. s On the Options Bar. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . the stairs appear as a U-shape. In this exercise. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane.

Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Click OK twice. Dark Gray. Pull the cursor straight up. 6. 3. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Circulation panel. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. change the Width parameter to 900. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. enter Exit Stairs. 5. Click OK. click Stairs. Matte 2. On the Home tab. On the Properties palette.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Click Edit Type. For Name. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 . To start sketching the run. 4.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish.

9. enter 1925. 8. Click to finish the stair run. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. with none remaining to be created.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the first run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer to the right.7. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Press ENTER.

You temporarily hide the walls in the view. You want to inspect your stairs. 2. click Finish Stairs. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. 11. Select the two walls of the stair tower. On the Stairs panel. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. it is because you have overlapping lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. but they are hidden behind walls. If you get an error message. On the View Control bar. To remove the lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. Click Finish Stairs again. Remove the additional lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . you select Continue to return the sketch.10.

On the Properties palette.3. and to create a U-shaped stair. This is a multistory stair. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view.Stairs and Railings . Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. The exterior walls reappear. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. 4. Zoom in to see your stairs. 5. On the View Control Bar. Select the stairs so they highlight.rvt. Finally. you learned to create a reference plane. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 6. 2. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. Reset the Display 1. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. The walls are now hidden. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 3. In this exercise. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. ramps. escalators. and elevators. STEM Connections s 237 .

Stairs and Railings . They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. smoke guards. They cost less. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. Include landings as required by your local building code. this openness makes them fire hazards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. and deliver riders without wait time. but they can also be highly decorative.

A stairway must be at least how wide? a. 32" c. b. False 2. 36" d. a. 25 degrees b. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. False Summary/Questions s 239 . s Create railings. s Modify stair boundaries. 45 degrees c. General Questions 1. 30" b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. a. and all treads should be the same run. you learned to: s Create stairs. 180 degrees 3. True b. a. 90 degrees d. 40" 4. True b. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.

Insert 2.Stairs and Railings . a. Line b. risers 3. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Manage d. Run. Attach Railing c. Align Railing d. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. risers b. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Circle 4. a. You can apply materials to different stair components. Modify c. Fasten Railing 5.Revit Architecture Questions 1. False 6. a. Rectangle c. that is. Home b. True b. riser lines c. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. you use the _______ option. Pick New Host b. Boundary lines. Treads. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Railings. True b. risers and treads. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Arc d. riser d.

Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 5. s Place gutters. Evaluate Students. (Student) 9. (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Review of roof types. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Student) 10. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 7. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. s Define a roof structure.

as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. and pitch of a sloped roof. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. Calculate the rise. After completing this lesson. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. gutters. tiles. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and downspouts. It addresses roof construction. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. Identify the different roof types. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. roof types.Roofs .About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. run.

This lesson relates to science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Math (STEM). s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. engineering. About Roofs s 243 . s Rake: The inclined. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. Technology. and math standards. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. Engineering.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

the roofing pattern. You can use them for many different applications. and sun. rot. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. About Roofs s 245 . resistance to wind and fire. maintenance. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. snow. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. texture. and colors. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. They come in several types. brands. and if visible. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. durability. and if visible. texture. These are used more often on upscale homes. as well as how effective a shelter it is. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. durability. Sloped roofs. and color. maintenance. are designed for shedding water and snow. resulting in at least one textured face. resistance to wind and fire. the roofing pattern. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and low maintenance roofing material. fire-resistant. and sunlight. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. and color. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. both low and steep. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable.

This same roof on a clear. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. choose a type that will suit your needs. special characteristics (for example. durable. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. reinforced plastic. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. odor. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). Unfortunately. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. treatment for insects. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. Therefore. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. galvanized steel. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. and require little maintenance. fiberglass. zinc alloy. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. They are fire-resistant. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. consider such factors as cost.Roofs . s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and so forth). When choosing the insulation for your job. or corrugated structural glass. galvanized steel. quality.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50). The slope usually leads to interior drains.

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Roofs . Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building.

Roofs . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. Many barns use gambrel roofs. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face.Shed One basic face with a slope. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . The run value is typically equal to 12. A number indicates the value of the rise.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. where as. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. but the two sides are not symmetrical. the pitch is displayed as 1/12.

try to specify standard roof pitch. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .When designing a roof. 7-12. 7 and 12. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 on 12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs.Roofs . 7 to 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio.

Roofs s 255 . s Create a roof fascia. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. or ice. s Place gutters.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. s Assign roof structure and materials. and fascia. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Once you create a roof. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. you can add gutters. dormers. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. or roof overhangs. snow. water. or eaves. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. soffits. To create a roof by face. often supporting a gutter. s Create various roof types. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. that convey rainwater to drains. s Create a hip roof.

Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Engineering. and Language Arts. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. technology.Roofs . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). engineering.

Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion.. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. Open ADA_Roofs. 4. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . 2.rvt. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. 3. Click OK to continue. To create an extruded roof. In the Work Plane dialog box.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. the top of the roof profile is sketched. select the Name option. you create an extruded roof.

In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. click Line. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". On the Work Plane panel. 4. Before sketching the roof's profile. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value.5. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. Drawing Reference Planes 1. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 6. The section view should display as shown. s Use the image below for guidance. In the Go To View dialog box. Draw panel. Click Open View. 3. 2. select Section: Section 1.Roofs . you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. click Ref Plane.

Using a positive offset value. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using the image below for guidance. s Click Modify. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2.6. 5. s Click the EQ toggle. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Roofs s 259 . s Select the new dimension.

Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 1. The name displays when you select the reference plane.Roofs . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Line. On the Mode panel. click Chain. Right-click. for Name. 2. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. enter Horizontal. 5. On the Properties palette. Click OK. 3. s On the Options Bar. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 4. Click Modify. 6. you can label them. click Finish (green check). 7.

Revit creates the roof using the Generic . 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.8. Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view.12" type.

Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Edit Geometry panel. 3. On the Modify tab. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Using the images for guidance. 1. 2. click Join/Unjoin Roof. carefully select the far right roof edge. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Select the edge of the roof as shown.Roofs . The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. This is a two-step process.

4. Select the roof. On the Modify Wall panel. Roofs s 263 . hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. click Attach: Top/ Base. select Attach Wall: Top. In the Project Browser. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select both walls. On the Options Bar. Trim Walls 1. 2. open the view Sections: Section 1. This will join the wall tops to the roof. To select both walls together. However. 3.

Switch to a 3D view.4. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 5. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls.Roofs . The roof now looks correct. In this exercise. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.rvt. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

From the drop-down list. by Footprint. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 .Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. a dialog box is displayed. Build panel. 4. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Unit7_first_roof. select Garage Roof.rvt. so you look straight down as in a plan. 1. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. 3. from existing walls. Because you are in a 3D view. On the Home tab. In this exercise. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Click Yes. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view.

Select the right vertical wall of the garage. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. click Pick Walls. If you place a line on the wrong side.5. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. s On Options Bar. Use the image below for guidance. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. clear the Defines slope option. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 6. Next. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side.Roofs . select the vertical wall on the left. 7. 8. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. click Defines Slope.0".

click Yes. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. change the value to 6"/12". It becomes an editable field. Select the right side roof line. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. 2. Other controls also display. To complete the roof. Click Modify. 1. The new roof displays. click Finish. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. 3. By default. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. Change this value to 6"/12". Click the 9"/12" text. That value displays next to the slope arrow. Roofs s 267 . roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Select the left slope defining line. When a roof line is set to slope defining. defining lines separately. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line.

Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5.rvt. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.4. In this exercise.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.

Roofs s 269 . The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. When all of the walls prehighlight. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The file opens to a 3D view. Build panel. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Clear Defines Slope. On Home tab. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 3. click to select them.rvt. set the overhang to 1' 0". 2. To chain-select all of the walls. 4. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. On the Options Bar.

On the Options Bar. click Rectangle. Right-click. Using the image for guidance. 3. 2. 4. Zoom into the chimney area.Roofs . verify the 0' 0" Offset. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. As an alternate. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Draw panel. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Create a Roof Opening 1.

6. On the Options Bar. Select the left lower horizontal line. Roofs s 271 . the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 5. click Yes.Add Slope Lines 1. Click Modify. select the Defines Slope. 2. Select the uppermost. Click Finish. horizontal line. As in the previous exercise. The slope indicator displays. 4. select Defines Slope. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. On the Options Bar. 3.

Roofs . In this exercise. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. attached walls.7. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and chimney penetration. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8.rvt.

Open view Floor Plan: Level 2.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. On the Options Bar. 5.rvt. Build panel. Create the Roof 1. 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file should open to a 3D view. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Zoom into the area shown. 2. set Overhang to 2' . you create a hip roof. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 4.0". Select the three walls shown in the image. Select Defines Slope. Roofs s 273 . The completed exercise On the Home tab.

To close the roof sketch. Switch to a 3D View. Click Finish to complete the roof. 3. In addition. Click OK. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Right-click the ViewCube. Raise the Roof 1.0". you use the Line tool. s On the Draw panel. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. 2. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line.7.Roofs . 6. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. On the Properties palette. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . s s Clear Defines Slope.

The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Roofs s 275 . and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

2. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. In this exercise. and then joined it to a wall. you created a hip roof using a footprint.Roofs .

On the Draw panel. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Roofs s 277 . Create a Shed Roof 1. 7. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. 5. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 3. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. Clear Defines Slope. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. 4. click Pick Walls. 6. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. click Line.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof.rvt. Set the Overhang to 1' 0".

278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Toggle Slope Defining. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Right-click the line.Roofs . Set the Offset to 0' 0". Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 10. Click Modify. 12. Select the lower. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 11. 13.8. 9. On the Properties palette.

When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Switch to a 3D view.14. Finish the Roof. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. you created a shed roof using a footprint. click Yes. 17.rvt. Roofs s 279 . Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. In this exercise. 15. 18. 16. Click OK.

You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 5. Cutoff Level list. On the Properties palette. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. 3. The roof updates. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . select Level 3. 4. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Open the Default 3D view. 2. You see four levels defined in the model. On the menu bar. Activate the view North Elevation.rvt. Select the Roof. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Roofs .

In this exercise. Zoom and spin to see your model. 12. Roofs s 281 . select Defines Slope. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. set the slope value to 3"/12". 11. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. On the Home tab. Select the inner rectangle as shown. Finish the Roof.rvt. To set the slope for the new roof. 9. 8. on the Properties palette. Switch to a 3D View. 10. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. On the Options Bar. click Pick Lines. 13. On the Draw panel. 7.6. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties.

2. Select the main roof over the house. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. 3. thereby reducing energy consumption. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The file should open to a 3D view. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design.rvt.Roofs . Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. In the Type Selector. 1.

3. click Duplicate. click Edit Type. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. For Name. Select Layer 2 as shown. 5. s Click OK. It is a generic roof type. Click Insert to add a layer. For Structure Value. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Roofs s 283 . enter Clay Tile. 4. 2.Define a Roof Structure 1. click Edit. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. Select the roof over the garage.

rvt. 6. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". In the Fill Pattern dialog box. In this exercise. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. Click OK to exit the dialog box. select Model.s s s In the Materials dialog box. 8. Click OK twice. s Click OK. 7. The garage roof displays a pattern.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure.

you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. On the Insert tab. On the Home tab. 3.rvt. Click Open.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. 2. click Roof > Fascia. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. In the Open dialog box. to support a gutter. In this exercise.rfa. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. or for decoration. 4. Roofs s 285 .

Click OK. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. click Edit Type. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. for Profile.5.Paint Finish Ivory.Roofs . 6. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. Set the Material value to Metal . 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Click Duplicate. Matte. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type.

9. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. In this exercise.rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.8. Roofs s 287 . you defined and applied a roof fascia.

Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. s Click Duplicate. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Roof > Gutter. so as not to detract from the design of the building. Place Gutters In this exercise. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. Click OK. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. In the Type Properties dialog box. On the Home tab.Roofs . To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. 1. you add gutters to a building. For Name. The completed exercise 4. click Edit Type. select Gutter . The file should open to a 3D view. 3.Bevel: 5" x 5". 6. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. Under Material parameter. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 5. select Metal Aluminum.rvt. 2. Click OK. under Profile parameter.

11. In this exercise. 9. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Roofs s 289 . Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Segments will clean up at corners. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. 10.rvt. 8. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. you attached gutters to a roof. the gutter displays on the wrong side.7. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. If you click the interior face. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings.Roofs . s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . water. and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. heat.

m. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.

Gambrel d. the run is always 12. True b. General Questions 1. Low b. s Define a roof structure. None of the above 3. a. s Place fascia. Hip c. High d. Medium c. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a. False 2. When referring to roof slope. s Place gutters. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gable b. a. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. True b.Roofs . Shed 4. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a.

Footprint b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Change the direction of the roof. a. To add a slope to a roofline. pick d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . 10. True b. Turn slopes on or off. you use: a. sketch. Activate Slope 9.Revit Architecture Questions 1. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Extrusion d. Slope c. c. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. a. True b. a. Create Slope d. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. b. Footprint. Footprint b. a. a. profile 2. extrusion. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Trim/Extend b. False 7. SHIFT c. Walls d. Roofs can be created using ______. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Sketch. A compound roof contains layers. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Footprint. Sketch c. lines c. Defines Slope c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Material 8. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Change the direction of the slope. False 5. TAB b. a. d. Walls. ______ or _______. extrusion. Cut/Lengthen c. DEL d. True b. face b. profile. Expand/Contract 6. Add Slope b. Create an opening. a. Face 3. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. ENTER 4. place a check mark next to: a.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create filled regions. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7.

Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. cabinetry. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. and tool racks. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. bathrooms. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans.Sections and Elevations . Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. After completing this lesson. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and special equipment. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. the kitchen. Sections are used to examine the roof. In a commercial structure. In a residential building. the location of special equipment. floor.

Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. technology. Math (STEM). Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. engineering. and math standards. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. This lesson relates to science.

as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. t Cross or transverse sections. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values.Sections and Elevations . 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and foundation plans. on the long axis of the building. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. framing. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). across its narrower dimension. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. and are properly cross-referenced.

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . partial. unnecessary. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. full.

Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. such as doors and windows. For larger elevations.Sections and Elevations . 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s The position relationship between different elements.

and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. For a wood structure. Therefore. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. bushes. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Unnecessary Information Shades. shadows. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. You may. For example. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. followed by any additional information about spacing. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. this is reversed. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. East. and so forth. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. cars. quantity. the titles assigned (North. or methods of installation. With interior elevations. and then the name of the material. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. For siding. South. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. The size of the object is listed first." Mfr. however. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. people. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans.

chamfers. which is a formed pressboard. Hinges are concealed. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. This is usually done using a topset. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. Molding is normally decorative in nature. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". and special equipment such as toilets. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. flush overlay.Sections and Elevations . doors and direction of door swings. or linoleum) and the wall. The trim is usually glued into place. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. windows.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". casements. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. and materials used. Molding is usually made of plaster. shelf arrangements. It may have curves. tile. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. or decorative patterns. or MDF. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. doors. and types of finish materials used. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. other openings. This is more costly than regular overlay. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. or a baseboard. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. wood. coving. and other appliances. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. dishwashers. and lip. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. The wood is placed vertically against the wall.

This automatically creates the elevation views of the room.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. This automatically creates the section view in the model. and a section symbol on all plans. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. s Create and add notes to a detail section. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. s Add slope annotations. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. which you can then add to a sheet. s Create an interior elevation. s Place a section view on a sheet. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. you will be able to: s Create a new section view. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Change the section head.

Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Technology. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. engineering. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Sections and Elevations . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. technology. and math standards. A section is a horizontal view. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. like an elevation. Once created. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model.

The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. Sections and Elevations s 307 . the section symbol does not display in that plan view. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. For example. elevation. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. or other section view.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan.

it includes a crop region to resize the view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section. the section does not display in the elevation view. When you create a section view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . By resizing the crop region. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations .

the slope of this roof is 2:12. s Add breaklines as needed. Details are crucial for effective construction. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. s Add detail notes. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. such as anchor bolts and siding. In the example shown. s Add structural details. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. So. tracing over the existing elements. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. which is spoken as 2 in 12. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. Slope is also referred to as pitch. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Once you create the detail section. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. In a set of construction documents. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project.

310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

4. 3. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. click Section. The file opens to a 3D view. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. On the View tab. Create panel.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The Section command is available from the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . Open the file ADA_Sections.rvt. Create a Section View 1. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. 2. The completed exercise 6. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0".

The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. On the Properties palette. With the section line selected. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The actual location is not critical. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. Section Properties 1. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. 2. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. 3.Sections and Elevations . This is called the crop region. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. and it has control grips to resize it.

8. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Clear Crop Region Visible. change Far Clip Offset to 10.4. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view.rvt. In the Properties palette. In this exercise. 6. 7. you automatically created a section view. 5. The view is listed in your Project Browser. When you drew the section line. The section view updates. Sections and Elevations s 313 . Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue).

1 point Filled. They include Section Head . 7.No Arrow. click Duplicate. 4.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. In this exercise. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. On the Manage tab. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. Click Open to load the family. click Load Family. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Settings panel. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. Select Section Head-Open. In the Type Properties dialog box. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. Click OK.rfa. enter Open Arrow.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. The view does not change. Several section head families are available. 5.Filled. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. 2. 6. On the Insert tab. Section Head . For Name. Load from Library panel. 3. and Section Head .

In the Section Tag field. The section head updates to the new head type. click Edit Type. enter Open Arrow.8. Click Duplicate. select Open Arrow. On the Properties palette. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click OK. 14. Select the section line.Open. 11. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Click OK. 9. For Name. For Section Head. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. select Section Head . 12. Sections and Elevations s 315 .rvt. In this exercise. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. 13. 10.

3.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Use the image below for guidance. 2. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 6.Sections and Elevations . Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. select the border of the callout. On the View tab. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the Options Bar. click Callout. 4. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 5. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. Create panel.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. This is a building section. To reposition the callout head.

2. select Chain. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Line is selected automatically. You can add detail lines.7. On the Properties palette. click Region > Filled Region. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Options Bar. detail components. but not strongly. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. as shown. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Sections and Elevations s 317 . and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. 8. On the Annotate tab.rvt. On the Draw panel. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 3. region patterns. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. 1. Detail panel. 4.

Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 7. For Name.5. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines.Sections and Elevations . enter Earth. 6. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. Select the upper and right side lines. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click Modify. Click OK. On the Properties palette.

Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. If you zoom in closer. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . click Load Family. 9. the pattern becomes visible. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 2.rfa. From the Fill Pattern list. select Finish (green check). Select Nominal Cut Lumber . Click OK. 1. On the Place Detail Component tab. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. click Component > Detail Component. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Click Open. On the Mode panel. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing.8. 3. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern.Section.

Click OK. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. From the Type Selector. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. In the Specify Types dialog box. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown.4. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.Sections and Elevations . 5.

add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Add another Detail Component. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. From the Type Selector list. select Plywood. Move it after placement if necessary. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown.6. 7. From the Type Selector. Using the image below for guidance. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. Sections and Elevations s 321 . 8.

From the Type Selector. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 12. Use the image below for guidance. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. select anchor bolt. 10. Place the component similarly to the image below. Click Component > Detail Component. 11. This component represents the subflooring. Click Modify. Select the vertical plywood. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . set the Thickness to 3/4". Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall.9. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10.

Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Add another Detail Component. select Copy. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Use the image below for guidance. On the Modify panel of the context tab. On the Options Bar. select Multiple. From the Type Selector.13. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Click Modify. 14. select Lap Siding.

324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Save the file. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. select Wide Lines. Start at the end of the siding. 2.15. click Detail Line. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. Add Detail Lines 1. From the Line Style Selector. 16.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Still using Wide Lines.3. Zoom out. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 325 . 5. 4. Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

Detail panel. 8. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. click Insulation. The wall display updates. 7. Next. 9.Sections and Elevations . you show the gypsum board in the wall. Right-click. select the Material field in row 3. Select the wall so it highlights. 2. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area.6. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Save the file. 10. On the Annotate tab. Add Insulation 1. Click Modify. identified as Wall material 1. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Click Edit in the Structure field.

On the Annotate tab. select Break Line. 3. Detail panel. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown.2. 1. From the Type Selector. Sections and Elevations s 327 . The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component. Your view should resemble the image shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.

The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. To complete the detail. 7. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. 5. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The view should resemble the image shown. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). In this exercise. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right.Sections and Elevations . You place another breakline. detail lines. Place the breakline as shown. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides.4. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. Save the file. The Detail Component tool is still active. and detail components to it.

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. weatherproofing.rvt.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. To add notes. The size of the object is listed first. s Clear Annotation Crop. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. With nothing selected in the view. The border around the view will disappear. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . or methods of installation. 3. and ventilation methods in construction documents. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. 1. 2. quantity.

Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 8. 5. Move the pointer up 11. insulation. Architectural standards favor aligned notation.4" WEATHERING. As you pull your cursor to the right. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. On the Format panel. 10. 6. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER.Sections and Elevations . 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. 9. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. Finally. Text panel. click Text. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. On the Annotate tab. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. leader arrow as shown. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . click Two Segments. From the Type list. 7. 12. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board.4. R13.

O. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT.. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. CONT is short for Continuous.. 15. or wood treated with preservative against rot. 20. 14. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.C. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. as the second line of text.C. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. . Start the next text at the floorboard. Start the next text at the baseboard. 17. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the interior wall. 19. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. 16. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.TYPE X. Enter 5/8" GWB .C. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. 18. Click off the text to finish the entry. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Sections and Elevations s 331 .13. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together.C. is an acronym for On Center. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O.

Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 22.rvt. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. 23.Sections and Elevations .. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Click ENTER to start a second line. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Click Modify. Click Zoom to Fit. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. In this exercise. 21. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. In the Project Browser. 6. In this exercise. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. you will want to add the views to a sheet. and locate the detail view on it. 4. highlight Sheets. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. 5. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. or elevation view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 2. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. The new sheet becomes the current view. 3. Highlight your title block.rvt.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. Click Open. Right-click. section. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click New Sheet. Locate the A-Landscape. click Load. Sections and Elevations s 333 .

Both Level ends will move together. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag it to the right. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Click the control at its left end. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. click Show Crop Region. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Select a Level Line. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . select view Detail at Foundation. 9. close to the crop border.7. On the View Control Bar. click Hide Crop Region. 8.

11. For Number. Click Rename. enter S. 13. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. highlight the new sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Click OK.10.rvt. In the Project Browser.301. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. you: s Created a new sheet. For Name. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. 12. Sections and Elevations s 335 . s Modified the label values in the title block. Right-click. s Added your detail section view to the sheet.

s Add slope indication for roof. 6. four elevation views are included: north. east. It is defined by the green dotted line. s Add material notes. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. Click Zoom to Fit. and west. 3. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). Click OK. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Right-click. 5. Open ADA_Elevations. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Click the Annotations tab. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The elevation markers are now visible. s Set the display for building components as needed. south. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Select Elevations.Sections and Elevations . 4. 2. When you create a project with a template. s Add any necessary dimensions. 2. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker.

On the View Control Bar. Sections and Elevations s 337 . adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. On the Modelling tab. 5. clear Sections. Next. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. 3. Switch to an Elevation View 1.2. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. Click OK to exit the dialog box. clear Planting. 4. On the Annotations tab.

select Edit in the Structure field.Exterior Stucco. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. In this exercise. On the Properties palette. Click the button that displays to select a material. Select the wall. modified its display. Select Sand. 10. click Edit Type. 8. It will be identified as Condo . Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. In the Type Properties dialog box. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . and modified the wall display characteristics. 11. 12. click to open the list. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. 13.7. Click Zoom to Fit. In Surface Pattern. you activated an elevation view. 9.rvt.

Add a note for the foundation. 4. 3. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. 5. 2. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. In the Type Selector. or methods of installation. Enter TX.rvt.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Sections and Elevations s 339 . Set the Leader type to One Segment. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. The size of the object is listed first. Add a note for the stone wall. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. quantity. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool.

Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations . Add a note for the exterior stucco. 7. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. Add a note for the roof. 9. Add a note for the brick wall. 8.6.rvt. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise.

5.rvt. select Triangle. 2. For Offset from Reference. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. enter 1/8". You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Dimension panel.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Click again to locate the slope indicator. click Spot Slope. 6. On the Options Bar. Sections and Elevations s 341 . 3. from the Slope Representation list. 4. Click to select the roof line. 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. On the Annotate tab. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.

Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click to locate the slope indicator. Dimension panel. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . click Aligned. On the Annotate tab. 10.Sections and Elevations . Click to select the roof line. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. 9. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. 11. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown.7.

The west elevation now contains material notes. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 343 .rvt. slope indicators. To create a continuous dimension as shown. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. 14. leaders.12. 13. and vertical dimensions. select wall breaks and levels. Arrange notes. and dimensions for clarity.

3. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. In this exercise. kitchens. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete.Sections and Elevations . Click Open View. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This view was already defined in the drawing. Click Find Referring Views.rvt. 2. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. special closets. and cabinetry. Right-click. equipment rooms. In the Project Browser. dimensions. Highlight the view.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.

click Aligned. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 7. 6. Select Suppress 0 Feet. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. On the Annotate tab. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. 5. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Dimension panel. In the Name box.4. Right-click. click OK. Clear Use Project Settings. s s s s Click Duplicate. Click Element Properties > Type Properties.

You modified a dimension style. Using the Text and Dimension tools. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation. 10.rvt. In this exercise. detail the interior section. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .9.Sections and Elevations . Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.

d. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Show the relationships between elements. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. True b. Indicate the location of doors and windows. s Create material annotations. it depends. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. is always the true orientation. a. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . c. s Create slope annotations. The direction the viewer is facing. All of the above 5. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Not in Concrete b. Walls c. General Questions 1. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Nobody in Charge d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. b. Either one. such as north. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 2. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. The direction the structure is facing. b. Bathrooms and kitchens b. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. False 3. 4. Cabinetry d. s Create filled regions. Not in Contract c. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Create a section view. All of the above.

True b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. d. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. c. The dotted line indicates: a. The height of the view. 4.Sections and Elevations . b. West c. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. c. d. a. True b. The Visual Style of the view. On the View tab. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sun and Shadow b. you use: a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. but not a 6. Right-click. click Sheet Composition > View. North 3. Click Add View. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. South d. False 5. The boundaries of the view. Which elevation is it? a. Element properties c. b and c. East b. a. False 2. b. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. The detail level of the view.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. 5. s Export a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. 6. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. Review Schedules. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . 3. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. s Reformat a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. s Load a schedule tag. Lesson Plan 1.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . After completing this lesson.

technology. and math standards. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Technology. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. Some of these building objects include. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. About Schedules s 351 . The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM). and thickness. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering. This lesson relates to science. width. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and Language Arts. engineering. height. such as reference number.

the same primary information is included. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. depending on the style of the architectural firm.Schedules . However. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity).Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. There are different types of schedule tables. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. Instance.

About Schedules s 353 .s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. window. Other letters are P for plumbing. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Like schedules. E for electrical. However. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. and A for appliances. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. A circle. Using the software. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. hexagon. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window.Schedules . The following image shows door.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules.

This lesson relates to science. materials. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Math (STEM). and math standards. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. and you can create your own schedules. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. equipment. Schedules s 355 . Technology. rooms. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Add room tags. hardware. Engineering. s Export a schedule. Schedules list items such as doors.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create a room schedule. engineering. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. windows. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Project templates include preset schedules.

The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Window_Schedules.Schedules . You sort the schedule by two of the parameters.

4. On the View tab. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click Add. select Comments. Type Mark. In Available Fields. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. Height.s Window Tag 5. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. 3. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Continue to add fields to the schedule. Select Windows from the list. Level. and Width. Schedules s 357 . 6. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. 7. Add Count.

A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Select the fields. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. 9.8. from left to right. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules . Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.

3. 1. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. From the Sort By list. Schedules s 359 . select Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Select Blank Line. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. 2. On the Properties palette for the schedule view.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. but without any useful calculations yet. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping.

clear Itemize Every Instance. 1. In order to calculate the total number of windows. you can have the schedule report this.Schedules . select Level. 2. click the schedule name. In the Project Browser.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. Rather than make a manual calculation. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. for Sorting/ Grouping. click Edit. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 4. in the Then By sorting field. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. On the Properties palette. in this case). The schedule still does not show totals by window type. 3. Notice how the schedule has changed.

On the Properties palette. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. for Sorting/ Grouping. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Count. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. Schedules s 361 . 6.5. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. select Footer. The totals for each window type now display. s Set the schedule to display category totals. In this exercise. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. select Title.rvt. click Edit 7. and Totals. From the list.

Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 4. Room size. Room & Area panel. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. occupancy. 5. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Open ADA_Room_Tags. floor type. 2. On the Home tab. Click Open. 3. based on the amount of space in each room. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Locate the file named Room Tag. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. In this exercise. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. click Room > Room.Schedules . you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.rvt. ceiling type.

The tag displays at the end of your cursor. and in the hall as shown. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 8. Schedules s 363 . Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Room & Area panel.In the Type Selector. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. 6. click Room > Room Separation Line. 7. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. a total of 7. Click Modify to terminate the placement. On the Home tab.

Place a room tag below the room separation line. The room tag updates. The area value for Room 7 updates. 10. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. click Room.9. Select Room #2. The cursor changes to sketch mode. s Click the Room text. 13. On the Room & Area panel. An edit box activates. 11. Click Modify. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.Schedules . Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. 12. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Change the word Room to Manager.

enter Sales. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Schedules s 365 . s Changed room tag field values.14. for Name. s Tagged various objects. In this exercise. On the Properties palette.rvt. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Added a room separation. 15.

The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. In the Available Fields pane. Create panel. select Number. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 6. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. 2. Name. The completed exercise 5. On the View tab.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. For Name.Schedules .rvt. 3. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Create a Room Schedule 1. 4. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The New Schedule dialog box displays. Set the Sort By value to Number. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. enter Square Footage Report. and Area to be included in your schedule. Click OK. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. Click Add--> after each selection.

Click OK. Highlight the Area field. Schedules s 367 . Select Title and Totals from the list. clear Use Project Settings. s Click Field Format. s Select Calculate Totals. Click the Formatting tab. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Select Grand Totals. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. In the Format dialog box. 9.7. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. 10. 8. Highlight the Number field. s Set Alignment to Right. Change the Heading to No. s Set Units to Square Feet.

Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. s Totaled one of the columns. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 12. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt.11.

The file is created. 5. 6. you export the room schedule to a text file. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. Double-click it to open it. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Click OK. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. locate the file you created. Browse to a directory to save your report. Note the formatting that has been applied. Using your Windows Explorer.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. Schedules s 369 . Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Click Save. You can then use this file in other applications.rvt. You can save the data in a delimited text (*. click > Export > Reports > Schedule.txt) file. 4. 2. On the application menu. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. 3.

The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Close the text file.Schedules . 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. 8.7.

a. d.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False Summary/Questions s 371 . 2. you learned to: s Create a schedule. Instance 3. Type b. b. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. None of the above. Questions 1. True b. Quantity c. A list of sheets used in a project. a. s Place a schedule tag. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. False 4. s Export a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. What is a schedule table? a. s Reformat a schedule. True b. c. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Matrix d.

TXT b. To export a schedule. a. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. use the ____ . Home d. a. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . CSV d. Application menu d.Schedules .Revit Architecture Questions 1. Manage tab 3. Annotate b. Modify 2. Annotate tab b. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. XLS c. View c. View tab c.

Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. 5. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . Review Visualization. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 2. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Evaluate Students.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways. 4. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.

s Add planting components. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Export a DWG file. s Export an FBX file. or camera on a path.Visualization . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. s Assign materials. s Export a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Play a walkthrough. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. After completing this lesson.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. Technology. you create a walkthrough. s Place a camera. Finally. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. Math (STEM).

and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. s s 2. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. To prepare your model for rendering. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export.rvt. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You worked on animations. Click Zoom to Fit. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Assign materials. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . Open Unit2_custom_family. courseware datasets. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2.

Right-click. 5. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select any exterior wall. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. 4. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization . click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls. Stud.3. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. The walls now display layers of materials. The wall display updates. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 6. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside.

8.7. you can: s s s 9. Select Site: Grass. On the Properties palette. Right-click. Repeat the process for the windows. 10. Visualization s 377 . Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Select walls. Select the toposurface object. Click OK. Click Change wall's orientation. Open the Default 3D view. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. In addition to using the control arrows.

for Files of type. and click Open. click Export > FBX. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. Export the Model to FBX 1. Select the Roof. select Autodesk (*. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.11. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. On the application menu. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. you have completed this exercise. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Depending on your system resources. Select the file name.Visualization . Note the file location.rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Export. 2. 3. 12. Open 3ds Max Design. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated.FBX). Click OK in any notices and warnings. click Import > Import. This will filter the file list. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

Accept the default name that Revit assigns. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. Visualization s 379 . you have completed this exercise.4. 2. Depending on your system resources. Note the file location. click Next.rvt. There is no way to update it from Revit. Export the Model to DWG 1. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. If necessary. Open or return to Revit. open Unit10_Export. On the application menu. 3. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Close the file without saving. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed.

The file opens in 3ds Max Design.Visualization . Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 7. Select two windows as shown. open Unit10_Export.rvt. Select the file name. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open 3ds Max Design. 6. Open or return to Revit. click File. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.max. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. If necessary. In the File Link Manager . click Attach This File. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 9. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the application menu. Click Open. click References > File Link Manager. 8. Close the File Link Manager. 5.4.

click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. The windows have updated. 13. Save the export file using the same name as before.10. 11. 12. Open the 3D view. On the application menu. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. In the dialog box. Save the file. Visualization s 381 . Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72".

14. Open the Files tab. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. 15. s Close the File Link Manager. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. s Changed a material definition. s Oriented walls and windows. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The windows have changed. Open the File Link Manager. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. In this exercise. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed.Visualization . s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. The linked file updates. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture.

Visualization s 383 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. If you place the camera too close to the model. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. Create panel. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view.rvt. you place a camera in a model. Open Unit10_Export. click Camera. 3. On the View tab. 2. Place a Camera 1. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. In this exercise. and create a second rendering. Open the Site view.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. add plantings to the model. generate a rendering. change materials. as shown. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.

s s s s Open a floor plan view. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Render Setup 1. Return to the perspective view. On the View Control Bar.Visualization . click Show Rendering Dialog. Open the Site view again. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 5. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. The camera will be visible. The camera perspective view opens. 7. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 6. select Very Few Clouds. Right-click. 2. Click Show Camera. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. If necessary.4.

Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open view 3D View 1. On the Massing & Site tab.3. and Lighting. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. Accept the default settings for Quality.30' approximately as shown. Visualization s 385 . Enhance the Model 1. click Site Component. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Output Settings. 3. 2. Click Render. Model Site panel. Open the Site view. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. s Click Render.

4. On the Properties palette. click OK. click Save to Project. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. Click Edit in the Structure field. On the Properties palette. 6. In the Rendering dialog box. The model displays in the view. In the Save to Project dialog box. Select an exterior wall. Revit places the image in its own view. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 3. Select the roof. select Roofing . 5. click Show the Model.Visualization . In the Materials list. Change Materials 1. 4. 5. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.Wood Shake. click Edit Type. In the Layer 1 Material field. In the Rendering dialog box. 2. click Edit Type. and you can now select elements for editing.

Select the icon next to Masonry . 7. Click Edit in the Structure field. Visualization s 387 .Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Click Replace. 8. 9.10. Click the Render Appearance tab.

In the Rendering dialog box. These images are now available as options to present to a client. In this exercise. 14. s Generated and captured a render image.Visualization .11. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. click Save to Project. Click OK. s Created a raytrace setup. s Placed site planting components in the model. click Render. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited materials in model components. The new image is placed in its own view. Save the file as Unit10_render. 16. s Generated and captured a second render image. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. Select Masonry .Brick Uniform Running Brown. 13. In the Rendering dialog box. 12. 15.rvt.

s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. or frame. The camera and path can be edited. or walkthroughs. The cursor changes to a crosshair. click to the left of the model as shown. 2. s View the animation in a media player. Create panel. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. Visualization s 389 . Click Zoom to Fit. A walkthrough places a camera on a path.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. in a project model.rvt. s Edit the camera and path. Click Zoom Out (2x). In this exercise. s Right-click again. Open Unit10_render. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. and exported individually. Each view. Open floor plan view Level 1. 3. s On the View tab. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. 4. click 3d View > Walkthrough. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s Right-click. along the path can be viewed in different modes. rendered. To place a key frame.

The camera is located on the final key frame. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. so that the camera is pointing at the model. 7. 11. 10.5. click Edit Walkthrough. click Finish Walkthrough. 8. Walkthrough panel. The Options Bar changes.Visualization . 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . On the Modify | Cameras tab. 6. Repeat for all the key frames. Drag it to the left. Select the direction control for the camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Walkthrough panel. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 9.

Edit the Walkthrough 1. From the Controls list. The path displays control dots at key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. Click Edit Walkthrough. 3.12. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Visualization s 391 . If camera positions distort. click Next Key Frame. Drag the path away from the model as shown. On the Walkthrough panel. Check the view in several key frames. 2. select Path. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Click Open. 13. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.

Click OK. 2. click OK. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.rvt. notice where you save the file. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 4.Visualization . Export the Walkthrough 1. 3. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Length/Format dialog box. Revit generates the external AVI file. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough.Play the Walkthrough 1. In the Video Compression dialog box. Click Play. The walkthrough plays in the view window. select a video compression method to hold down file size. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. File Name. On the application menu. Click Save. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. 2.

Plan your class time accordingly. 6. It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 .5.

you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.7. s Played the animation file in a media player. save the Revit Architecture file. If you have made changes to the building model. In this exercise. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited the path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture.Visualization . s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.

True b. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. Split b. a. Save As > FBX c. s Apply shading to a view. Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. False 2. True b. s Export a DWG file. s Place a camera. s Assign materials. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. True b. Print to File b. s Orient walls and windows. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. False Summary/Questions s 395 . you use: a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Create a raytrace rendering. a. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Export > FBX 3. View > Shading d. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. s Export a walkthrough. Demolish 2. s Export an FBX file. s Add planting components. a. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Align c.

Visualization .396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

5. beams and braces. The Datum panel enables you to place grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . beam systems. 2. 6. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. In the following exercises. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. 4. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beams. Lesson Plan 1. 3. Review structural columns. and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. you learn how to place structural columns. foundations.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 .

Structural . and other structural elements will be located in a building. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. beams. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . For example. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage.

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. About Structural Members s 399 .

Knowing where structural members. walls.Structural .This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. especially columns. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. and other building objects. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Technology. Place beam systems and braces. Math (STEM). Structural s 401 . Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Place columns and beams on grids. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. After completing this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Create column grids. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Engineering.

On the Build panel of the Home tab. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . As with columns. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. Open Deck Framing. In residential construction. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. In this exercise. wood. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. or concrete.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. 3. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. On the View Control Bar. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. or reinforced concrete. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Beams connect columns or walls. beams can be steel. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.Structural . Select a floor. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. 2. They come in types defined by size and shape. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. click Column > Structural Column. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.Hide Category. wood. 1. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . spans without walls. often mainly glass. this is known as post and beam construction. Structural columns can be steel. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns.

Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. On the View Control Bar. 3A. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. Structural s 403 . Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A.4. 8. On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. click Depth. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. 5. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. In the Type Selector. and 4B. 7. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". 6.

11. Click OK. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click Hide In View > Element. Place Beams 1.9. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. rail. and columns clearly. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". In the Project Browser. 2. Click off the columns to clear your selection set.Structural . Click OK. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Right-click. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 10. Open Plan View Deck Framing.

In the Type Selector. click Beam. s In the view window. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Click. On the Options Bar. 5. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. 4.3. select Chain. To place beams: Structural s 405 . Structure panel. On the Structure tab. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 6. Click. 7. Click Modify. On the Properties palette. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face.Structural .

as shown. Click on grid intersection B4. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Structural s 407 . set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Structure panel. click Make Wall Bearing.rvt. In this exercise. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. 9. On the Properties palette. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click OK. Click. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. Click Modify. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. 12. Hold CTRL and select the new beams.8. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. click Beam.

click Sketch Beam System. Open Deck Beams. click Beam System. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Click the beam on Grid 1. 3. On the Structure tab. Place Beam Systems 1. 4. In this exercise. click No. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates.Structural . This system saves time when preparing framing plans. you: s Place beam systems. Open Plan View Deck Framing. click Pick Supports. The completed exercise 5. or number of beams in a bay. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. s Place braces. 2. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structure panel. distance. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.

6. Structural s 409 . Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. as shown. 7. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. click Line.

10. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Finish (green check).2".6". On the Properties palette. s s s On the Draw panel. Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. Trim as necessary. click Create Similar. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing.8. s 9. click Pick Supports. 11. click Line. set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Mode panel. On the Properties palette.Structural . s s On the Draw panel. Click Finish. Click the beam on Grid 2. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right.

set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Adjust the view crop region as shown. Structural s 411 . 3. In the Project Browser. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Create panel. as shown. click Brace. On the View tab. 4. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Click to place the elevation. On the View Control Bar. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3.Place Braces 1. 5. It has an automatic work plane. 2. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. unlike regular elevations. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. On the Structure tab. Structure panel.

Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace.Structural . 9. Repeat the brace going right to left. Click Modify. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam.6. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the Type Selector. to start the brace. 8.

In this exercise. Save the file as Deck structure. you: s Placed beam systems.rvt. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.10. s Placed braces. 11. Structural s 413 .

Structural . Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. and section views. Grid datasets. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 2. You can change a grid number at any time. elevation. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. click Grid. The numbering automatically increments. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. In this exercise. but they can also be angular and radial. In plan views. click in the lower left to start a grid line. This is a common step early in designing a large building. The exact location is not critical. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. The exact length is not critical. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. Datum panel. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. s s In the view window. beams. as shown. and walls. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab.

Click to start another grid line. The Grid tool is still active. 4. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Click to place a new grid line.3. Structural s 415 .

click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. 6. The new grid line is number 5. Pull the cursor to the left. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. 7. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Select Grid Line 2. Repeat to create grid line 4. Press ENTER. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. Enter A at the keyboard. click to place the grid line. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Press ENTER. Grid 3 is already the selection set. close to the heads.5. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point.Structural . To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. The new grid line will be number 3. click Copy. Click to start a grid line. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Pull the cursor to the right.

s Click to place the grid line.1. On the grid line. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read.1 is still selected. Change the number to 2. Structural s 417 . 11. s Click Copy. 9. This grid line will be number B. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. 10. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. Grid 2. This completes the main grid. click the elbow control to place an offset. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. Click in the bubble for the new grid line.8. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. The Grid tool is still active. s Select grid 2.

Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. The Grid tool is still active. 4. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Radius. select Center-Ends Arc. On the Options Bar.Structural . set Offset to 15'-0". Create panel. Press ENTER. On the Draw panel. 3. Click to place the grid head. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Options Bar.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135.000 o . click Pick. In the Radius field. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Zoom to Fit. enter 15. click Grid. Change the number to EE. On the Draw panel. s Click to start the grid line. On the Home tab. s s Click grid intersection D3. Click in the new grid bubble.

5. You will need to identify it easily. 6. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. Click to place grid FF. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Structural s 419 . 7. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line.

s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120.8. Click in the new grid bubble. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.000.Pick Axis. s Select grid 3. Zoom to Fit. s Select grid 31. Enter 31 to change the name. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Mirror . s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. click Create Similar. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Revit will create grid 32.rvt.Structural . To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 9. Click to place the grid line. Press ENTER. s Click grid intersection D3. 11. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s 10. s In this exercise.

In the Type Selector. This is a steel column. you typically create a grid. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. Now you place columns at grid intersections. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structural s 421 . Open ADA_Grids-complete. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. s Change a grid layout.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. Structure panel. 2. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. click Column > Structural Column. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. s 3. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. s Add footings to columns. In this exercise. As a result. s Use a column grid to place beams.

If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 3. In the Multiple panel. 4. click Finish. C and D. 4. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. A. 2. set Height to Level 3.Structural . B. click At Grids.s s On the Options Bar. 5. On the Multiple panel. 6.

click On Grids. Click Grid 1. Open Floor Plan Level 2.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. 2. 4. On the Multiple panel. 5. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". 3. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. Zoom to Fit. click Finish. columns. click Beam. The grid. Window-select all the grid lines. and beams will move to the right. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. Structural s 423 .

In the view window. 1. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. click At Columns. On the Multiple panel. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Click Redo. On the Multiple panel. Open the Default 3D view. 3. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Columns and beams will move to the right. window-select all the columns. click Undo. On the Quick Access toolbar. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click No. 6. 4. click Isolated.Structural . click Finish. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. 2.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them.

A warning displays. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. Press ESC to clear the column selection. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. The footing changes size. 6. Click OK. 7. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. To change the size of the footing.5. The footing had been placed at Level 1. s On the Properties palette. Structural s 425 . in the Type Selector. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".

s Added footings to columns. s Changed a grid layout.8. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. In this exercise.Structural . s Used a column grid to place beams. Save and close the file. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. spans. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice.

Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . using formulas based on physics.

Beam d. s Place braces. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Brace c. s Change a grid layout. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. Column b. 2. True b. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Place beam systems. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Add footings to columns. All of the above. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Questions 1.

d. Properties c. True b.Structural . d. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Select a beam type and define the system layout. A but not B. 3. a. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. you can: a. you: a. Pick points. c. All of the above. 2. False 4. Use grid lines and grid intersections. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. a. b. When placing columns or beams. c. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Select the type of beam or column to place. Stretch b. 5. A and B. To create a beam system. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Flip Orientation d. If you relocate a grid line. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. To change the height of a column. you use: a. True b.

Poway. International Technology Education Association www. Smith . Poway High School.Executive Director. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. Inc.Instructor. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Director.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Copyright s 431 . Ltd. Milwaukee.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C. Starkweather .Teacher. Mathematics. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan .org Project Lead the Way. South Division High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Randy Dymond. Susan Harrington . WI Roger Dohm . CA Ronald A Williams. PE .iteaconnect.

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