Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

Distances can be adjusted at any time. the display shows editable distances and angles. intersections.When sketching walls. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

windows. You can add building elements in plan. roofs. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. and 3D views.Software Tools . furniture. floors. section. elevation. stairs. Other building elements such as doors.

Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 .While components are being sketched. If one is moved. In the illustration shown. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant. the other will move as well. In the two illustrations shown. or at any time after. relationships can be established that make editing efficient.

all the windows obey their constraints. In essence. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved.

view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . Math (STEM). Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Constrain placement of objects. technology.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Place a predefined Mass family. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. and math standards. engineering. and Language Arts. Technology. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Engineering. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. This lesson relates to science.

There are mass families available to load into a project. or masses. and curtain systems. owner. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. such as distance requirements from roadways. you can create in-place masses. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. quickly. size. walls. roofs. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment.Software Tools . This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. Masses can be edited in many ways. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and then converted into building components such as floors. A designer. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

Software Tools . 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit.

masses. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. roofs. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . and curtain systems by selecting faces of. walls. or within.

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 . the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view.

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.Software Tools . 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and Language Arts. engineering. technology. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Recognize temporary dimensions. Math (STEM). tags. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. s Explain the use of dimensions. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . legends. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Annotation includes text notes. and symbol heads. Technology.

Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family.rfa) can be opened and edited. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools .Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar. or angular.

Annotations and Dimensions s 27 . The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates.z) coordinate system.y.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x. and how other levels change display accordingly.

Software Tools . 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available.

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. technology.Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Open tabs on the ribbon. s Work with tool buttons. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. the Type Selector.Software Tools . engineering. Engineering. and Options Bar. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. and Language Arts. Technology. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. s Open and use ribbon tabs. Math (STEM).

Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. beams.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views. and rooms. Its position is fixed. Display and Navigation s 31 . You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. windows. for instance. Some commands will not be active (that is. doors. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

and text. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. symbols. Display and Navigation s 33 . columns.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. structural walls. slabs. trusses. and foundations. detailing. braces. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms.

Software Tools .34 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them. Display and Navigation s 35 .

The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. and inquiry.Software Tools . materials. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. copy/paste. and parameters. Context tabs display as you work.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. This menu has file management tools such as New.Software Tools . Save. and Close. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

Software Tools . sheets. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. Legends. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. families. schedules. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. with four elevation markers visible. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and groups. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. schedules.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view.

Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions). Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.

sun settings. rendering (in 3D views). click the User Interface button located on the View tab. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. A check mark indicates it is visible. level of detail. View Control Bar View scale.The Project Browser can be resized or undocked.Software Tools . cropping. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . visual style. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. Windows panel on the ribbon. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. shadow display.

Display and Navigation s 43 . The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. but not at Coarse. To change the scale of a view.View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. Select the desired view scale from the list.

It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line. Shaded. Hidden Line is the default.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. date and time. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. or by global location.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. Display and Navigation s 47 . sun and shadow intensity. which can be according to the view.

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It enables you to create renderings with sunlight.The Render control is active in 3D views. Display and Navigation s 49 . and materials applied to model surfaces. shadows.

The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Crop region selected.Software Tools . Once elements have been hidden. the view window displays a colored border.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

enabling you to select them. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. are available in the Properties palette for the active view.Software Tools . These controls. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings.

Collaborate. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Manage and Modify. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Massing & Site. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. To activate or open a view. Annotate. View. Structure. Nine tabs are available: Home. Insert. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Display and Navigation s 55 .

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. Properties Palette.Context Tabs. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. a context tab opens on the ribbon. showing options that you can select while you are working. Display and Navigation s 57 . When a context tab is active. Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it. If you select items in the view window. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.

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When you select an item or start a placement tool. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements.

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. In 3D views.Software Tools .You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list. Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.Software Tools .

You can switch this list to show open views in open files. Export. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and Publish. The application menu contains file management controls. the application menu. Print. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. New File. such as File Open. Display and Navigation s 65 .Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. File Save. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. File Close only appears on the application menu. Click a file name to open that file.

Software Tools . 66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

or click New > Project from the application menu. 2. After you have examined each of them. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Do this for other tabs. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. On the ribbon. make the Home tab active. Display and Navigation s 67 . The panel titles display under the tab titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The completed exercise 4. If you select the menu option. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. click OK in the dialog box that opens. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. To start a new project.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. 3.

Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. and then viewed. you opened a project file. Select Cycle Through All. 6.5. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 7. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. In this exercise. Close the file without saving.Software Tools . Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. Icons for panels display below tab titles. They disappear when you move the cursor away.

doubleclick the view name. In the Project Browser.rvt. Exercise 2. Open view Floor Plan Level 1. Open quick_start_building_elements. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. The file opens to a 3D view. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Display and Navigation s 69 . The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. 2. A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.

The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. all the walls. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". . Click Filter panel > Filter. 7. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click the door in the upper left of the model. You are selecting everything visible. Click OK. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. doors. 8. 6. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 4. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . On the Properties palette. and windows highlight blue.Software Tools . You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view.3. 5. Clear Walls and Doors. Click any interior wall.

you opened a project file. Place a door as shown. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. In this exercise. On the Properties palette.9. 11. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements. click Create panel > Create Similar. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 10. On the Modify | Doors context tab. examined the menus and toolbars. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. 12. Display and Navigation s 71 .rvt. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Click any door. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Select any window to verify that it has changed type.

Technology. Pan. In the exercises. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. and views. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. either predefined or user-created. mechanical equipment). s Create a new in-place family. Revit provides floor plan. Math (STEM).Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. System families include levels. drafting views. You can create sections. operating settings. Component families include model objects (furniture. schedules. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. display controls. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. floors). To review the list of standards for each lesson. and elevation views by default. and 3D views using the View menu. lines. building elements (walls. templates. ceiling plan. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Engineering. s Work with Revit families.Software Tools . s Load and place component families. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. annotations.

and math standards. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .This lesson relates to science. technology. engineering.

The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Click OK. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Click the Annotation Categories tab. even a small one. VG also opens the dialog box. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Four elevation markers are visible. The completed exercise Visibility 1. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. There is no way to see everything in it. The elevation markers disappear from the view. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. 2. Open Unit2_building_elements.rvt. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. 3. Right-click.Software Tools . Rightclick in the view window. First.Exercise: View Controls A building model. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Use your keyboard to enter VV. The display changes. Click Zoom to Fit. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. is an extensive database. Click Zoom to Fit.

This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. so be sure to select them both. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . There are two parts to an elevation. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Zoom to Fit. Click Zoom In Region. Select the roof outline.4. 7. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. Select Detail Level: Medium. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Enter ZF. On the View Control Bar. Click Open. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. Click and drag the cursor as shown. In the Project Browser. Right-click. 5. Right-click. click Detail Level. 6. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker.

There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. View Properties 1. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. On the Properties palette. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. Click Zoom to Fit. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. doors and windows are not shown. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. change the Underlay value to None. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties.Software Tools .8. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. Enter VH. Turn off visibility of the elevations. as before. 2.

By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. 4. Right-click. Set the cut plane value to 7' . enter Roof. click Edit. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. Click OK.0". Click Rename. and where the cut plane sits. For Name. Next to View Range.3. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. the ridge is now visible. Working with Views and Objects s 77 .

Open Elevation view South. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. 2.Software Tools . On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. Accept the location that activates. In the dialog box that opens. under Solar Study. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. Set the time to 9:30 am. select Winter Solstice. 3. In the Sun Settings dialog box. In the Presets list. 5. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field.Graphic Display Options 1. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. select Shading with Edges. 4. select Shadows On. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Still.

In this exercise. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update. Save the file as Unit2_views. 6.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes.rvt. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

floors. load. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. and floors. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. You add closet doors to interior walls. you open an existing project file. and so on. railings. and use a Revit family to place a door. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. On the Home tab. or institutional structures. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. windows. click Door. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. Open Unit2_views. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. This exercise illustrates how you locate. In Revit. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. lights. and furniture. doors and windows are dependent on walls). These components are called families and there are several different types. standard families.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. objects can be defined as hosted (for example.rvt. There are system families. Doors are considered standard family entities. walls. Additionally. Build panel. 2. commercial. furniture. and annotations are examples of standard families. windows. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. or stand-alone (for example. and place Revit families. roofs. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. Doors. such as levels. 3. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. is predefined within Revit. and families in place. s A system family.Software Tools . furniture).

rfa. and Annotation. You click to place an instance of the door family. 4. 5. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Click the Doors folder. Project files have a file extension of *. As you move your cursor near any wall. The Door Insertion tool stays active. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rvt. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . It has a number of different sizes defined. Accept the default size.rfa. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. s s 6. Click Open. Click Open.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Family files have a file extension of *. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Furniture. Locate Double Panel 2. Tag panel. On the Modify | Place Door tab. If you highlight a door family.

An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 8. loaded. but not strongly. 9. you located. and placed instances of a door family. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . simply click it. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door.7. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. Place an instance of the door as shown. Place two more instances of the door as shown. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again.Software Tools . Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. In this exercise.rvt.

4. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Open Unit2_doors_walls. For Name. modify a door family.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Click OK. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. This door needs to be 48" wide. Select the double door as shown. you open an existing project file. The required width is not available. 5. enter 48" x 80". The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. and create an in-place family. click Duplicate. 2. 3. Working with Views and Objects s 83 .rvt. In the Type Properties dialog box. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Click Properties palette > Edit Type.

You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. In the dialog box. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. On the Home tab. The door updates. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. enter Hall Clock. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. set the Extrusion End value to 6".Software Tools . On the Properties palette.6. Build panel. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. select Generic Models. 1. 5. 4. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Click OK. For Name. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. is to create a component family in place. 3. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. click Component > Model In-Place. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. 2. Click OK.

loaded. Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". 13.2". you located. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of . Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. 12.4" as shown.rvt. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. You have created the base of the clock.0' 2". Click OK. 10. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. click Rectangle. 8. In this exercise. 11. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. and placed a door family. On the Draw panel. Revit will display . Working with Views and Objects s 85 . You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. 7. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark).6. The family model updates. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . 9. as shown.

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience.Software Tools . Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.

and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. s What is binary math. s What is Moore's Law.

Views can be renamed. 6. context tabs. d. False 2.Software Tools . s Change view displays. All content tools are located on the ribbon. c. s Create an in-place model family. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. a. b. s Change view properties. and Options Bar. Spin the model in 3D space. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. a. b. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. d. False 4. and click Open. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. tab. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. True b. Questions 1. Create a 3D perspective view.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. True b. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. c. True b. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. The tool shown is used to: a. Either a or b. Zoom in Region is used to: a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. Turn on Shadows. Go to View > View Name in the menu. and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. False 3. a. depending on the template selected. False 5. load. s Open different views. Each project has several predefined views. Zoom to the entire model. b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. To activate a view: a. True b. s Access. Right-click. d. c. a. 7. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Parts d. System c. Rotate c. etc. a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . Project Browser d. depending on settings 9. Blocks c.) are called: a. Scroll d. Multiview b. windows. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Standard b. A family created within a project is called ________________. All of the above.8. Families 11. Pan and Zoom b. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. In-Place d. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. a. Properties palette 10.

Software Tools .90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. s Create labels. 6. 8. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. s Create dimensions and text. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 5. s Set project units. Lesson Plan 1. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . 9. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Duplicate and modify views. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. s Create a project template. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Create dimension and text styles. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . 7. Review Revit Architecture setup.

Standards and Building Codes . Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. colors.org. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. Visit the AIA website at www.aia. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture.aias. Explain why templates are used.org. Technology. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. and the settings that are preset within them. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. defining the layers. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. and so forth. To review the list of standards for each lesson. linetypes. based on the AIA standards. After completing this lesson.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. Math (STEM). Visit the AIAS website at www. should be used. Many cities and counties have their own rules. colors. and Language Arts. linetypes. Engineering.

Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. engineering.This lesson relates to technology.

a bathroom. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. and so on. windows. doors. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. it must have at least one door. If there is a fire. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. like mechanical drawing. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. defined and adopted by convention. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state.Standards and Building Codes . A garage must be completely enclosed. one window. otherwise it is considered a carport. A unit is a particular physical quantity. the number being its numerical value. it cannot be called a bedroom. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a garage. and one closet. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. and so on. If it lacks any of these components. a common area (such as a living room or family room). For example.

However. using imperial units. or imperial.For example. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Another method is to apply dual notation. such as room size and wall height. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. glass. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. in the United States. unit symbol m.. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. Here h is the physical quantity. the construction industry still uses the English. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth. also known as the International System of Units. units are applied to dimensions. and other materials. is 169 m. is 555 ft. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. In architectural drafting. its value is expressed in the unit meter. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. unit symbol ft.. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft.

line weight and pattern. In Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . one value representing another value. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Each size is designated by a letter. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size.) 8.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.Scales are ratios. and viewports. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). sheets. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. every 1/8" would represent 1'. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale.

escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W).01. You create and position views. temporary Schedules Sections.01. elevators. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . and then add a title block or other symbols. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. symbols.a modified version of the AIA standard. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. The integers go from 0 to 9. notes Demolition. site plan. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H).

The next space is for tracking revisions. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. drawing scales. The column is divided into sections. For example. the date drawn. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. annotation plot sizes. and layer standards. Typically. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. so that the height is less than the width. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. and other relevant information. the HVAC company. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. fonts. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. Usually. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects.Standards and Building Codes . The paper is oriented landscape. and so on. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. the electrician. that is. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. followed by information on the building's owner. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the author of the drawing.

dimension and text styles. layer settings. required symbols. title blocks. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Math (STEM). Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Standards and Building Codes . and walls. views. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. These can be used to build your model. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . windows. dimension styles. and Language Arts. Technology.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Engineering.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards. Settings s 101 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

apartments.Standards and Building Codes . 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the New Project dialog box. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. click Browse. click New > Project. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. 2. factory. Select a Template 1. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. On the application menu. or store. In Revit. Open Revit to an empty project file. Condominiums. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. you create a new project file using a template. you use templates as starting points. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. 3. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.

Settings s 103 . 6. 5. Click Open. saving set up time. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. you started a new project file using a standard template. Click OK. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Select the Residential-Default.4. On the application menu. click Close to close this project without saving. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. In this exercise.

you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. click Wall. the drawing setup options are preset.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. open ADA__Settings. expand Floor Plans under Views.Standards and Building Codes . Build panel. Press ESC to cancel the wall. In this exercise. Pull the cursor to the right. 3. Click to start a new wall. In the Project Browser. The Wall tool remains active. s Place the cursor over the left wall. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. The file opens to a 3D view. 2. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view.rvt. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the courseware datasets folder.

In this exercise. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. 7. 5. Place the cursor over the left wall. 8. and move the cursor right. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.) 6. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Close the file without saving.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. s Set Unit symbol to m. Press ESC to cancel the wall. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. click to start a new wall.4. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. Settings s 105 . Click Format for Length. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Click OK twice to save the setting change.

there are two types of dimensions.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1.Standards and Building Codes .rvt. temporary and permanent. By default. 1. Dimension panel. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Open ADA_Dimensions. but also control the size and location of objects. For Name. In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Big Text. click Edit Type. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. On the Annotate tab. click Duplicate. 2. 3. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Temporary dimensions display when you select. On the Properties palette. dimensions not only display. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. or insert components. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Click OK. click Aligned. create. 4.

The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Text Size to 3/16". Select the top. 7. and bottom horizontal walls.5. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Click OK twice. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. 6. Click to place. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. left. Settings s 107 . In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2.

Click to place the dimension. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Close the file without saving. Drag the dimension to the top of the view.8. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.Standards and Building Codes . you opened an existing file. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. 9. The Dimension tool stays active. created a new dimension style. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. In this exercise. s s s Select the far left. and far right vertical walls. upper.

The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In the datasets folder. There are no annotations visible. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. In order to do this. Settings s 109 . In the Project Browser. These are annotations. 3. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. Right-click. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1.rvt. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. Notice the door and window tags. and the view window displays the new plan. 2.

Click Rename. Click OK to update the display of this view. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Double-click to open it.Standards and Building Codes . On the Manage tab. 5. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Model Categories tab. Click OK. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. 6. 8. 1. click Project Information. select or clear the check box of the desired object category. 9. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. 7.4. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. In the Project Browser. Settings panel. In the Project Browser.

or supply your own values: Click OK. Settings s 111 . Click OK. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. 3. Enter the address as shown. In the Value column of Project Address. 2. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. Click New Sheet. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. highlight the title block displayed in the list. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser.Add a Sheet 1.) 3. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. 2. Rightclick. click Edit. You can also enter the address of your school. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Click OK.

s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. In the Identity Data and Other sections. It is automatically filled in when you place your views. 5.Standards and Building Codes .4. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block. Click Apply. Add a View to the Sheet 1. Next. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block.

Select Deactivate View. Select Add View to Sheet. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Select the new viewport. Right-click. 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Right-click in the view. 4. 2. Settings s 113 .s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. Click Activate View. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. You see the view at the end of your cursor.

Close the file without saving. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. s Placed a view on the sheet.5. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. 6. Finish the move. you: select it. Place the cursor 7. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. deselect it. of the sheet. s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. s Added a sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. The view updates on the sheet.Standards and Building Codes . The Scale updates in the title block.

5 title block template opens. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). 2. Click Open. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Start Revit Architecture. This is one of the longer exercises. Select A-11x8. click New > Titleblock. It opens to the Recent Files window. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch.5.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. Settings s 115 .rft. 3. 4. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. On the application menu. A copy of the 11 x 8.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom.rfa. Accept the Sample Value. click Save to save the title block. s Click Add. Add a label for Sheet Number.Landscape.9. click Close. Accept the Sample Value. you created a title block using a template file. On the Quick Access toolbar.Standards and Building Codes . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. select Drawn By. 11. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. s Accept the Sample Value. 14. 13. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the title block as A . 15. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . 12. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Add a label for Checked By. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. On the application menu. 10. In this exercise. Right-click.

Click Open. 4.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. The title block appears in the graphics window. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Settings s 125 . Insert a Title Block 1. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. 3. Your title block is now displayed in the list. 5. Highlight the title block and click OK. Locate your title block. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. In the Recent Files window. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. click New to create a new project using the default template. On the View tab. you create a new project file. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. and then load a custom title block into your project. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 2.

rvt in a location determined by your instructor. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 3. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. click Project Information. 6. Settings panel. Click OK. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. s For Checked By. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. On the Properties palette. 5. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . enter your instructor's name. Click Zoom to Fit. On the Manage tab. Select the title block. 2. enter your name. you a created a new project file. Click OK. 4. Click OK. enter Student Project Unit 3.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. s For Drawn By. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes .

Click OK. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. such as 3D and plan views. settings. In this exercise. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . 1. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. 2. and the units for your custom template. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Create a Template In this exercise. On the Insert tab. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. in addition to predefined wall types. In the New Project dialog box.Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. There are various settings you can define for your template. and then load them like families. a dimension style. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. you create a new project file. you define the title block. including how the rendered image looks. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. angles. and slope angle. click New > Project. and geometry from the template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. select Project Template. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. s Families: Load in families you use most often. 3. On the application menu.

Standards and Building Codes . create a Dimension Style. On the Manage tab. Click OK. There will be no visible change.rfa. Next. Click OK twice. You create a custom dimension style. On the Annotate tab.Landscape.4. enter 3/16" Verdana. click Settings panel > Project Units. 10. 7. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 8. 6. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . For Name. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 9. click Duplicate. Click the Length field in the Format column. Open the title block A . 5. Set the units for the template. In the Type Properties dialog box.

In the Project Browser. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Change the following settings as shown: 13. 14.11. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. Rightclick. select Sheets (All). Select the A . The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 15. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Settings s 129 . Click New Sheet.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. 12. Click OK.

Standards and Building Codes . 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save the file name as A-English template. as well as dimension style and units. The title block updates. In this exercise. 17. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. you created a new template file using a dimension style.16. and units that you defined.rte. You can use this template for future projects. title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. Click OK. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template.

Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. abstract format. are constantly being developed by the building industry. or new combinations of existing materials.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health.

02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . True b. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0".02 b. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. English c. A particular physical quantity. s Change lineweight. s Create text. a. s Create a dimension style. a. AIA b. and symbols used in drawing? a. False 3.Standards and Building Codes . NCSESA 2. s Create a text style. NCTM d. P. Using AIA Standards. you learned to: s Set units in a file. dimension styles. is defined as what? a. 1:24 d. General Questions 1. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. s Create dimensions. Metric d. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. s Create a title block. UBC c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. a. 1:32 5. s Change dimension colors. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. s Create labels. 1:3 b. S. A unit 4.02 d. A. An architect b. 1:12 c. s Create a template. A.05 c.

Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. To change the scale of a view. you click: a. To create a new sheet. Point offsets 3. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. you use: a. True b. Wall midpoints d. True b. False Summary/Questions s 133 . True b. False 6. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. a. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Application menu > Properties b. False 4. To set the units in a project. dimensions snap to: a. Wall centerlines c. Wall faces b. a. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. By default. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. In Revit Architecture.

134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. 3. 4. 5.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. s Trim and extend walls. 2. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 . you will be able to: s Create a wall. s Align walls. (Student) Evaluate Students. s Define a wall structure. 6.

Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. their construction and materials. and protect its interior spaces. them. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . After completing this lesson. List the different types of occupancy. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.Walls . separate. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

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Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. the dimension updates incrementally. 4. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. As you continue to move the cursor.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. After you create the wall. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. Stud. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. Walls s 151 . Click to set the endpoint. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . It will not print.Brick on Mtl. Enter 10. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. a dashed line displays. Expand the Type Selector list. Notice that a temporary dimension displays. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. To modify a dimension. Clear the Chain option. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Select the Single Line option. 5. an angular dimension displays.3. indicating wall length. but it disappears when you begin another action. click it to open an edit field.

click Modify to stop placing walls. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. On the View Control Bar. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. Create panel. enter 7. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. 7. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The wall does not show any internal detail. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. 8. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type.Walls . Select panel. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. click the Detail Level icon. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. the controls may sit on top of one another. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. click Create Similar.6. Press ENTER. Click to start the next wall. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. On the Modify | Walls tab. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Click the wall. Depending on your zoom in the view.

Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Walls s 153 . Because you drew this last wall from down to up. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Also. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. 10. Notice that two dimensions display. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. Select the right vertical wall. no matter where you move the cursor. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Click Modify. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Because you drew the wall from up to down.9. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. release the mouse button to set a new length. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. an alignment line displays.

On the Home tab. 16. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. 15. 14. Repeat. Click Cancel. 13. click Wall. This is the same as clicking Modify. Select Chain on the Options Bar. When using the Chain option. Select the lower vertical wall. Sketch the walls as shown. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows.11. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper.Walls . Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Right-click. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. 12. Build panel. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.

Select the Three Point Arc tool. 20. Walls s 155 .18. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 17. Click Modify. Click Create Similar again. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 19.rvt. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. In this exercise. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. Click Zoom to Fit. After clicking the second end. Clear the Chain option.

you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify. you first split the walls at the intersections. Both split walls are shown below.Walls . and extend walls.rvt from the previous exercise. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. Split Walls 1. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Do the same for the vertical wall.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 4. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . align. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. To do this. Only part of the wall highlights. 3. The cursor changes to a razor blade. trim. fillet. 2. You now remove the upper right corner. This exercise illustrates how to split.

select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections).Fillet Walls 1. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Click Fillet Arc. If you make a mistake. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. On the Options Bar. select Radius. Enter 5'. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. This is how you create rounded wall corners. On the Modify | Walls tab. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. You can also click the flip control. 5. 3. 2. Walls s 157 . click Create Similar. click Delete. On the Modify | Wall tab. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. Select any wall. Create panel. 4. Modify panel. click Undo and repeat the steps.

Place an interior wall as shown.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.Walls . To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. The Wall tool is still active. Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 1. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 3. You align the wall in the next steps. 2. select Basic Wall: Interior .

You can lock the alignment. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Click to create a wall. such as location lines. Walls s 159 .4. Pull the cursor straight up. clear Chain. The length is not critical. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s On the Options Bar.

s Move the cursor to the left and click. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. 4. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will be the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 6. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The walls can cross. This will extend to the border. 3. The length is not critical. 5. Select the horizontal wall as shown. Select the vertical wall as shown. 2. Select the two interior walls in turn. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.Walls .

rvt. In this exercise.7. fillet. Walls s 161 . and trim. align. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.

3. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The Modify tool is active by default. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. and vary in cost. Select the Exterior wall as shown.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . On the Properties palette.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. 1. 2. satisfy different requirements. In the Project Browser. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.Walls . click Edit Type.

s Click Down twice. 8.4. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. s Click Up. 7. enter 8" Insulated Stud. Every layer of a wall. 5. Click Insert twice. click Edit in the Structure value field. has a Function you can edit. Click OK. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. s Click the number of Layer 3. For Name. the wall structure should be as shown. When you are finished. Walls s 163 . The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Add two additional layers to the wall. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. except Core Boundary. 6. s Click the arrow at the right. s Select Finish 1 [4]. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. To edit the structure of the wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed.

EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5].Stud Layer. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Material. 11. s Set the Material to Finishes .Walls . which displays plan or section views.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 12. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 10. s Set the Material to Wood .9. s Click the icon that appears at the right. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". Modify the Function. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure.Exterior . 13. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. select Finishes .

17. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. Click Apply to update the view.14. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. In the Project Browser. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. 16. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. From the Detail level list. 15. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. On the Properties palette. Walls s 165 . expand the Families branch. select Medium.

Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 19. and replaced existing walls using that new definition. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Close the file without saving.18. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. From the Type Selector list. defined a new wall structure. 20. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You opened an existing file. Right-click 8" Exterior. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. In this exercise.Walls .

such as a weatherproof outside surface. and a decorated interior surface.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. 2. wood rails.rvt. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. Select one of the Exterior . You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. You can define a wall type with these elements. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. The model opens in a 3D view. Stud walls as shown. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. for example.Brick on Mtl. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. 3. a structural mid-section. you create and modify vertically compound walls. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. Open ADA_Compound_Wall. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . In this exercise.

A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. To split a layer or region vertically. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 1. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. in the Structure value field. Wall structures are Type Properties. 5. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. To split a layer or region horizontally. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. As indicated in the dialog box title. To define the structure of the wall. click Edit. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. 2. You can split regions into other regions.Walls . You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. 7. 6. highlight one of the borders. into regions. In this exercise. the new regions assume the same material as the original. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate.4. or you will lose your changes. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. You can set the sample height to any value. either horizontally or vertically. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. You change the type. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. so all instances of this type change. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. Click Split Region. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . If not already expanded. You can assign different materials to regions. When you split a layer. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. 8.

Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. In this case.Brick layer. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. Click to merge the two layers. 4.3. Click Merge Regions. Click to split the region into two parts. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. After merge. since both regions are composed of the same layer. The upper split disappears. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click to merge them. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 1. When you merge regions. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. 2. Walls s 169 . 3. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. assign Layer 1.

Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. s Select the split line. Next. 4. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. 2. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. 3. instead of down. click Modify. To create a new wall layer.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. 1. The dimension text turns blue. to the next parallel line. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. If you set the split offset down from the top. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it).Walls . Click Insert. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. indicating that it is modifiable. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 1. In the Edit dialog box. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. Click again to return to the original position. Revit converts the value to 12' 0".Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Click the temporary dimension text. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Press ENTER. After a region is split. 3. 2. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Change the value to 12.

Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected.Brick Soldier Course layer. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. because it is now the selected layer. 6. It also shows a thickness value. It immediately highlights in blue. Merge Region. 10. Click OK. Click Assign Layers.Brick Soldier Course. Click OK. it highlights in blue in the preview window. The preview changes appearance. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. 7. Split Region. In this exercise. Walls s 171 . click Layer 1 to select the Masonry .4. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. Close the file without saving. 9. and Insert Layer tools. Change the Material to Masonry . as shown. When a layer is selected in the table. All walls of this type have been changed. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 5. 8. Modify.

Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. installed. and protected. ducting. and insulation. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. piping. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared.Walls . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. earth. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

but also the natural lighting.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. the view. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Custom types and sizes can also be built. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes.Doors and Windows . the ventilation. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

About Doors and Windows s 185 . The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC).Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

Doors and Windows .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. An unobstructed opening of 5. if there is no other escape route. The height can be no less than 24". and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. ft.7 sq. 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". must be provided by the window being used as an egress.

and how to position. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. you learn how to place doors and windows. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Some families are loaded into each empty file. In this unit. and math standards. technology. windows. Technology. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Copy windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and furniture are defined in family files. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. Engineering. how to load additional door and window families. and copy these elements. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. This lesson relates to science. s Center a door in a wall. move.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Doors and Windows s 187 . Math (STEM). Components such as doors.

move the cursor to the right side of the wall.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. click Door. the door swing would be to the left side. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design.Doors and Windows . The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . This can be done in a plan view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder. Add Doors 1. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. 2. elevation view. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. To reverse the swing. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. Build panel. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. 3. Once a door is placed. When placing doors in a plan view. On the Home tab. In other words. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. To flip the door. or 3D view.

and windows into project files. 3. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. walls. click Load Family. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. Doors and Windows s 189 . With the Door command active. Click Open. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Select the door Double-Panel 2. From the Type Selector list. on the Modify | Place Door tab. The display does not change. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors.rfa. In order to keep file size small. Mode panel. except for the Type Selector. 2.Load Families 1.

Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. From the Type Selector. If necessary. 5. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically.4.Doors and Windows .

Do not add the dimensions. simply click it and enter the correct value. change a temporary dimension. If you place a door in the wrong location. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement.6. Remember. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. or by using the swing control arrows. Place instances of single doors as shown. To Doors and Windows s 191 . use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.

192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7. Save the file as Unit5_doors.Doors and Windows .rvt.

To face the outside of the window to the other side. Open Unit5_doors. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. or 3D view. elevation view. click Window. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. To reverse the window after performing another operation. approach the wall from the right side. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Build panel. 2. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. the outside of the window is to the left side. On the Home tab. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. click Modify and select the window.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. When placing windows in a plan view.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Windows have exterior and interior sides. From the Type Selector. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. You can place windows in a plan view. Add Windows 1.

loaded a door family. In this exercise. you opened an existing project. and placed windows. 5.rvt. Place seven more windows as shown. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. You do not need to add dimensions. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . 4.Doors and Windows . All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.3. Window tags do not number in sequence. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. placed doors.

On the Annotate tab. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. click Aligned.rvt. 1. s Align and modify walls. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. 2. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. wall. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. constrain it to be centered in a wall. and modify the wall. 4. and so on. 3. place a door. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . you open an existing project file. window. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Dimension panel.

Select the upper wall first. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the right wall.Doors and Windows . Click it and it changes as shown. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. The door changes location.s s s s Click the left wall. This means that if one wall shifts. 2. 5. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. Notice the symbol. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool. Click the center of the door. Click the lock icon to enable it. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 6. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Align Walls 1. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. The walls are now aligned.

5. 3. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Doors and Windows s 197 . Change the dimension to 16. Right-click. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. Dimensions display below it. The walls shift and remain aligned.) The dimension value is now shown. Clear the EQ Display value. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object.6. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Save the file as Unit5_aligned. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. 7. you placed a continuous dimension.rvt.Doors and Windows . In this exercise.

rvt. 2. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. On the Modify | Windows tab. especially if there are many different types. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Doors and Windows s 199 . Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. In this exercise. 1. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Create panel. 4. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. click Create Similar.

The window will change appearance. The window is copied. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point.Doors and Windows . Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 4. Modify panel. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . On the Modify | Windows tab. click Copy. 3. Select the window you just placed. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation.Copy Windows 1. 2.

rvt.5. Right-click. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. In this exercise. Doors and Windows s 201 .

flat glass is a recent invention. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. cold. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells. Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. heat. The stability of glass in response to wind.

you learned to: s Place doors. 32" d. a. s Align a door or window. Custom 3. False 2. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 34" 4. a. 36" c. s Position a door or window. 28" b.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Copy a door or window. General Questions 1. 30" c. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. Standard b. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Place a window. If a room is used for sleeping. True b. 32" b. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. 40" d. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation.

A reference plane b. Select the door. a. you use: a. Load c. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. d. Clone b. To change the location of a door or window. To center a door or window in a wall.Doors and Windows . False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . a. a. a. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. Click Door Properties. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Link c. 6.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select the door. Select the door. True b. False 2. Use door grips to reposition. Door and window tags are placed automatically. 4. Properties 3. False 5. you use ________. b. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. True b. d. c. you: a. Copy 8. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. True b. Insert d. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. Click Flip Direction. The center snap 7. a. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Right-click. Load from Library b. Duplicate d. c. b. Offset c. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. 6. s Create railings. 4.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . Review stairs and railings. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. Lesson Plan 1.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create stairs. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. 2. 3. (Student) Evaluate students. s Modify stair boundaries. 5.

you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. stair and railing types. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. After completing this lesson. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. List the different stair types.

Math (STEM). Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. Technology. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

About Stairs and Railings s 209 . the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Then. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Once the actual riser height is determined.

Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. such as ice and snow.Stairs and Railings . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs.

Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units. Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration.

Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system. Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units.

s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. About Stairs and Railings s 213 . Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2".

Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings .

but not more than 2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38".

of certain horizontal depth or run. and spiral stairs. Math (STEM). For safety reasons. engineering. s Modify stairs. The riser and run values update accordingly. L-shaped runs with a landing. In multistory buildings. You create stairs in a plan view. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). To review the list of standards for each lesson.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create U-shaped stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. Engineering.Stairs and Railings . you will be able to: s Create stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. This lesson relates to technology. and math standards. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. Technology. which includes elevators. You can define straight runs. s Add a railing. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. As you move the cursor. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. or vertical circulation. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. or tread. and Language Arts. ramps. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. U-shaped stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. and stairs.

open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. you create stairs using a straight run. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. Stairs and Railings s 217 . This enables you to place the stairs properly. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. 3.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. From the courseware datasets folder.rvt. Before you create the stairs. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Zoom in Region to the lobby. On the Properties palette. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. This file is in metric units.

You can define either a straight run or a circular run. In this case. you create a straight run. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. 5. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Circulation panel. Click OK to close the dialog box. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. These tools are used to define your stairs.4. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). On the Home tab. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. click Stairs. Run is preselected.

As you move the cursor up. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Stairs and Railings s 219 . 8. You can also enter a distance of 4400. 10. select Finish (green check). 9. the run footprint stops expanding. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. Select this intersection point to start your run. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. You can continue to move the cursor up. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. If you have not fully created the run. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. On the Mode panel. and then click to define the run of stairs. 7. Revit displays the number of risers you created. To change the run dimension.6. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.

and switched to a 3D view. 13. To avoid overwriting the original file. you created and placed a straight run stair. 12.rvt. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises.Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. click application menu > Save As > Project.11. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. In this exercise.

Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. Level 1.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. On the Modify tab. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Activate view Floor Plans. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The stair is not centered on the landing. click Align.rvt. 2. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress.

If you have a scroll mouse. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . from the Prefer list. Click the center of the stairs. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. On the Options Bar. which is located at the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. The Align command remains active. select Wall centerlines.Stairs and Railings . Click the center of the wall first. Take time to make the selections correctly.4. You can rotate your model to get a better view. 5.

Select the stairs. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. click Edit Type. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . notice that stairs and railings are separate families. s Click OK. and Dimensions subsections. railings were created with the stairs. Hover the cursor over the railing. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Change Width to 1350. 8. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. enter Lobby Stairs. As you prehighlight them. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. Graphics. s Click Duplicate. s For Name.6. 9. 7. On the Properties palette. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. expand Sections (Building Section).

s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Lobby Stair View. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Cherry s s Click Modify.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings .10. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. Select both railings.

you change the shape of the stairs. 14. The stair changes to the run sketch. The railings change. Next. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Delete this line. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. click Edit Sketch. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. Mode panel. 13. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. s Select the stairs (not a railing). expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Click it to select it. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line.12. s Zoom in on the stairs. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe.

Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s Select the arc boundary you just created. click Boundary. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.Stairs and Railings . s On the Modify panel. 19. Click to place the arc. 16. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly. 18. Click StartEnd-Radius arc.15. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. To place the second arc endpoint. 17. Click Modify. click the left end of the top riser. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the left boundary. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. First. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Stairs and Railings s 227 . 20. On the Draw panel. click Riser. Next. For the third point.21. Click to exit the Mirror command. select the endpoint of the right boundary. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. the arc center point.

click Finish. 23. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs.rvt. You also modified the properties of a railing.22. you modified stair properties and boundaries. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . On the Mode panel. In this exercise.Stairs and Railings .

The completed exercise To create a railing. In this case. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. you sketch the plan view path. Zoom into the landing area as shown. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. To make sure you are selecting the railing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. Select the right side railing. Click Modify. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. 3. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Therefore. This is typically done in plan view.rvt from the previous exercise. you need to define a path for the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. 2. For simple railings.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise.

Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . To set the exact distance. On the Draw panel. s s On the Options Bar. 5. You do not need to add dimensions.Stairs and Railings . The dimensions are shown as a guide. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. on the Modify | Railings tab. Mode panel. 7.4. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. select Chain. 6. Once the railing is selected. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. click Edit Path. Then. edit the temporary dimension. click Line.

Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. 8.rvt. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. In this exercise. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Stairs and Railings s 231 . Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. 9. you used sketch tools to create a railing. Delete your lines and try again.

click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. 2. In a floor plan view. set the Offset value to 850. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.rvt from the previous exercise. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Work Plane panel. the stairs appear as a U-shape. you create a reference plane. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref. Create a Reference Plane 1.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. s On the Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. s On the Options Bar. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1.

6. For Name. On the Home tab. Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Click Edit Type. 3. enter Exit Stairs. 5. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. On the Properties palette. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Matte 2. click Stairs. Circulation panel. Click OK twice. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Pull the cursor straight up. To start sketching the run.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. change the Width parameter to 900. 4. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Dark Gray.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type.

Click to finish the stair run. 9. Press ENTER. Move the pointer to the right. Click to place the first run.Stairs and Railings . If you have trouble making the correct distance display. enter 1925. with none remaining to be created. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .7. 8. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane.

You want to inspect your stairs. On the Stairs panel. but they are hidden behind walls. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Remove the additional lines. click Finish Stairs. 11. To remove the lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. it is because you have overlapping lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. click 3D View to view your model in 3D. Use Hide/Isolate 1. you select Continue to return the sketch. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure.10. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. 2. Click Finish Stairs again. If you get an error message. On the View Control bar.

Reset the Display 1. Finally. 6. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 5. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. Zoom in to see your stairs. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This is a multistory stair. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Select the stairs so they highlight. The exterior walls reappear. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. On the Properties palette. 3. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. 2.3.rvt. In this exercise. and to create a U-shaped stair. On the View Control Bar. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 4. The walls are now hidden. you learned to create a reference plane.Stairs and Railings .

STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. ramps. STEM Connections s 237 . escalators.

require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. this openness makes them fire hazards. and deliver riders without wait time. but they can also be highly decorative. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . smoke guards. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. Include landings as required by your local building code.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Stairs and Railings . Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. They cost less.

s Create railings. False Summary/Questions s 239 . True b. 40" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 30" b. 25 degrees b. you learned to: s Create stairs. a. and all treads should be the same run. 45 degrees c. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. True b. s Modify stair boundaries. b. 90 degrees d. 180 degrees 3. 32" c. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. False 2. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. General Questions 1. 36" d. a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. a.

Attach Railing c. Treads. risers b. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. Insert 2. You can apply materials to different stair components. Pick New Host b. Home b. Rectangle c. True b. a. you use the _______ option. a. Arc d. To create railings on stairs without railings. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Modify c. a. riser lines c. Boundary lines.Stairs and Railings . False 6. risers and treads. risers 3.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. Run. True b. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Align Railing d. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Fasten Railing 5. Railings. Manage d. Circle 4. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. riser d. Line b. that is. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________.

(Student) 11. (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. s Define a roof structure. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. (Student) 9. (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 6. Review of roof types. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 4.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . s Place gutters. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place fascia. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. (Student) 8. Evaluate Students. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof.

The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. Calculate the rise. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Identify the different roof types.Roofs . 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . After completing this lesson. roof types. run. and pitch of a sloped roof. It addresses roof construction. gutters. tiles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. and downspouts. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.

Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Math (STEM). About Roofs s 243 .Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Rake: The inclined. Engineering. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. and Language Arts. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. engineering. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. and math standards. technology.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. and low maintenance roofing material. texture. Sloped roofs.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. and color. the roofing pattern. You can use them for many different applications. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. and color. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. durability. the roofing pattern. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. fire-resistant. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and sunlight. both low and steep. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. snow. maintenance. and colors. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. rot. brands. resistance to wind and fire. These are used more often on upscale homes. They come in several types. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. and sun. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and if visible. are designed for shedding water and snow. resistance to wind and fire. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. About Roofs s 245 . maintenance. and if visible. durability. as well as how effective a shelter it is. resulting in at least one textured face. texture.

s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. and so forth). s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. odor. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. galvanized steel. This same roof on a clear. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). or corrugated structural glass. Unfortunately. durable. When choosing the insulation for your job. special characteristics (for example. and require little maintenance. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. They are fire-resistant. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. choose a type that will suit your needs. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. Therefore.Roofs . but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. reinforced plastic. zinc alloy. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. fiberglass. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In a house with a cathedral ceiling. galvanized steel. treatment for insects. consider such factors as cost. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. and insulating capability (R-value). s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. quality.

Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. The slope usually leads to interior drains.Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).

Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing. the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.Roofs .

s Timber or steel beams. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 . purlins.

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.Roofs .

Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. These are commonly used in French-style houses.Shed One basic face with a slope.Roofs . 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off. Many barns use gambrel roofs.

rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. and span. The run value is typically equal to 12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. but the two sides are not symmetrical. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. run. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof.

7 on 12. 7-12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.Roofs . and pitch is noted as a fraction.When designing a roof. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. try to specify standard roof pitch. 7 and 12. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7 to 12.

Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Roofs s 255 . Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. often supporting a gutter. s Create various roof types.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create a roof fascia. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. or eaves. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Place gutters. dormers. snow. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. soffits. or ice. you can add gutters. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. To create a roof by the extrusion method. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. water. s Assign roof structure and materials. that convey rainwater to drains. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. and fascia. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. Once you create a roof. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. To create a roof by face. s Create a hip roof. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. or roof overhangs.

To review the list of standards for each lesson.Roofs . Engineering. technology. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and Language Arts. engineering.

2. Open ADA_Roofs. 3. you create an extruded roof. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1.rvt. select the Name option. 4. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.. Click OK to continue. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. the top of the roof profile is sketched. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. In the Work Plane dialog box. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. To create an extruded roof. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion.

select Section: Section 1. click Ref Plane. 2. In the Go To View dialog box. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. Before sketching the roof's profile. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. Drawing Reference Planes 1. click Line. 6. 4. Click Open View. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. On the Work Plane panel. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. 3.Roofs . Draw panel. The section view should display as shown.5. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Use the image below for guidance.

sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Select the new dimension. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. 5. s Click Modify. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. Using the image below for guidance. Roofs s 259 .6. Using a positive offset value. s Click the EQ toggle. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent.

Click OK. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. click Finish (green check). 4. Right-click. The name displays when you select the reference plane. click Chain. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. 5. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. for Name. 7. On the Properties palette. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. 3. On the Mode panel. 1. Click Modify.Roofs . Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. s On the Options Bar. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. 2. 6. click Line. you can label them. enter Horizontal.

8. Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 . Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately.12" type. 9.

This is a two-step process. On the Modify tab. Select the edge of the roof as shown.Roofs . Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Using the images for guidance. 3. carefully select the far right roof edge. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. 2. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. click Join/Unjoin Roof. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. 1.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command.

2. This will join the wall tops to the roof. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. Select the roof. In the Project Browser. However. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 3. Select both walls.4. click Attach: Top/ Base. To select both walls together. On the Options Bar. select Attach Wall: Top. open the view Sections: Section 1. Roofs s 263 . The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Trim Walls 1. On the Modify Wall panel.

s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. In this exercise. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile.rvt. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. 5. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4.Roofs . Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view. The roof now looks correct.

3. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. you create a gable roof using a footprint. 1.rvt. from existing walls.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. From the drop-down list. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. In this exercise. select Garage Roof. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. by Footprint. Build panel. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . On the Home tab. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. The footprint sketch is created at 2. Unit7_first_roof. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. so you look straight down as in a plan. Click Yes. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. 4. Because you are in a 3D view. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. The inner loops define openings in the roof. a dialog box is displayed.

Select the right vertical wall of the garage. clear the Defines slope option.5. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 6.Roofs . If you place a line on the wrong side. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . s On Options Bar. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. click Defines Slope. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. Next. 8. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel.0". click Pick Walls. Use the image below for guidance. 7. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. select the vertical wall on the left.

Change this value to 6"/12". It becomes an editable field. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Select the left slope defining line. The new roof displays. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Roofs s 267 . click Finish. Other controls also display. Click the 9"/12" text. When a roof line is set to slope defining.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. click Yes. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. Click Modify. 2. defining lines separately. 3. Select the right side roof line. 1. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. That value displays next to the slope arrow. change the value to 6"/12". To complete the roof. By default.

rvt. 5. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. In this exercise. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof.4.Roofs .

3. On Home tab. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. When all of the walls prehighlight. Clear Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. click to select them. set the overhang to 1' 0".rvt. you create a gable roof using a footprint.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. The file opens to a 3D view. To chain-select all of the walls. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. 2. Build panel. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. 4. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. Roofs s 269 .

As an alternate. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. Right-click. Using the image for guidance. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. 4. 3. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face.Roofs . On the Draw panel. click Rectangle. verify the 0' 0" Offset. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Create a Roof Opening 1. 2. On the Options Bar. Zoom into the chimney area.

2. Select the left lower horizontal line. 4. select the Defines Slope. Click Modify. Click Finish. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. select Defines Slope. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. click Yes. 6. horizontal line. The slope indicator displays. On the Options Bar. 3. 5. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar.Add Slope Lines 1. Select the uppermost. As in the previous exercise.

and chimney penetration.rvt. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. 8.Roofs .7. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. attached walls. In this exercise.

The file should open to a 3D view. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Create the Roof 1. set Overhang to 2' .Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise.rvt. Select Defines Slope. On the Options Bar. 2. 4. Select the three walls shown in the image. Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. Zoom into the area shown. you create a hip roof. Build panel. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. The completed exercise On the Home tab. 5.0". 3. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Roofs s 273 .

Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. Click Finish to complete the roof. Right-click the ViewCube. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . s On the Draw panel. In addition. 3. 2.0". Raise the Roof 1. 6. Click OK. To close the roof sketch. On the Properties palette.7. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other.Roofs . Roof sketches must create a closed loop. Switch to a 3D View. s s Clear Defines Slope. you use the Line tool. click Line.

Roofs s 275 . Select the edge of the hip roof first. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof.Join/Unjoin Roof 1. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof.

rvt. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.2.Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint. and then joined it to a wall.

4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. The file should open to a 3D view. 3. On the Draw panel. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 2. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Roofs s 277 . 7. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. click Pick Walls. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". 5. Create a Shed Roof 1. 6. Clear Defines Slope. you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. click Line.rvt.

Set the Offset to 0' 0".Roofs . 10. On the Properties palette. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 12. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 9. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". 13. Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Right-click the line. 11. Select the lower. Click Modify. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . horizontal line at the front of the roof. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile.8.

18.14. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. Roofs s 279 . Save as Unit7_shed_roof. In this exercise. Finish the Roof. Switch to a 3D view. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. 15. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 17.rvt. 16. click Yes. Click OK.

3. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. 2.Roofs . Open the Default 3D view. select Level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. The roof updates. On the Properties palette. On the menu bar. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. 5. Select the Roof. You see four levels defined in the model. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Activate the view North Elevation. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. Cutoff Level list. 4. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.rvt. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view.

Finish the Roof. On the Home tab. select Defines Slope. Switch to a 3D View. Select the inner rectangle as shown. To set the slope for the new roof. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. 9. In this exercise. on the Properties palette. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. On the Options Bar. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. 10. 7. Roofs s 281 . click Pick Lines.6. Zoom and spin to see your model. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 13. 8. 12. On the Draw panel.rvt. 11. set the slope value to 3"/12".

A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. Select the main roof over the house. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. The file should open to a 3D view.rvt.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. In the Type Selector. 1. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . 3.Roofs . The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . thereby reducing energy consumption.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.

click Duplicate. click Edit. s Click OK. 4. click Edit Type. Select Layer 2 as shown. Select the roof over the garage. Click Insert to add a layer. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. For Structure Value. 2. It is a generic roof type. 3. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. 5.Define a Roof Structure 1. enter Clay Tile. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. Roofs s 283 . Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. For Name.

s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2". click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. Click OK twice. 7. In this exercise. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". Click OK to exit the dialog box.rvt. 8. 6. The garage roof displays a pattern. s Click OK.s s s In the Materials dialog box. In the Fill Pattern dialog box. select Model.Roofs . Set the Surface Pattern to Shake.

In the Open dialog box. click Roof > Fascia.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 2. or for decoration. In this exercise. 4.rvt. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.rfa. Click Open. to support a gutter. On the Home tab. On the Insert tab. 3. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. Roofs s 285 .

Matte. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click Duplicate. for Profile. Click OK. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. click Edit Type.Paint Finish Ivory. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. 6. For Name. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .5. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Set the Material value to Metal .Roofs .

rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments.8. Roofs s 287 . Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. In this exercise. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. 9.

click Edit Type. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. you add gutters to a building. so as not to detract from the design of the building. In the Type Properties dialog box. 3. 6. s Click Duplicate. Place Gutters In this exercise. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive. click Roof > Gutter. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The completed exercise 4. Click OK. 5.Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type.Bevel: 5" x 5". On the Home tab.rvt. Under Material parameter. select Metal Aluminum. under Profile parameter. 1. 2. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. The file should open to a 3D view. select Gutter .Roofs . For Name. Click OK.

the gutter displays on the wrong side. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Segments will clean up at corners. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 10. 11.rvt.7. Roofs s 289 . If you click the interior face. In this exercise. 9. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. 8. you attached gutters to a roof. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector.

STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. heat. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . water.Roofs . and cold. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. s Using your own house. what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 .m.

False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Low b. Gable b. Shed 4. a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. a. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. High d. Gambrel d. s Place fascia. None of the above 3. True b. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. a. Hip c.Roofs . s Define a roof structure. Medium c. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. the run is always 12. General Questions 1. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. False 2. True b. s Place gutters. When referring to roof slope.

c. a. Sketch. Expand/Contract 6. sketch. pick d. Footprint b. False 5. True b. extrusion. a. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. Trim/Extend b. True b. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. a. Sketch c. ______ or _______. you use: a. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Extrusion d. Roofs can be created using ______. To add a slope to a roofline. False Summary/Questions s 293 . TAB b. False 7. b. Face 3. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. place a check mark next to: a. face b. lines c. a. profile. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Footprint. Walls. DEL d. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. ENTER 4. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Footprint b. Add Slope b. Material 8. A compound roof contains layers. True b. a. Create Slope d. Slope c. Walls d. extrusion. Activate Slope 9. SHIFT c. Change the direction of the roof. Change the direction of the slope. Defines Slope c. a. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. d. Create an opening. Footprint. Cut/Lengthen c. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Turn slopes on or off. 10. profile 2.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Lesson Plan 1. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Create a section view.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . s Create slope annotations. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8.

and tool racks. the location of special equipment. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . After completing this lesson. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. cabinetry.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. bathrooms. and special equipment. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Sections are used to examine the roof. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. In a commercial structure. List the information provided by an exterior elevation.Sections and Elevations . the kitchen. floor. In a residential building. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used.

and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . engineering. Engineering. This lesson relates to science.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and Language Arts. Math (STEM).

s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal.Sections and Elevations . t Cross or transverse sections. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. on the long axis of the building. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. and are properly cross-referenced. across its narrower dimension. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). s Methods of construction for the framing crew. and foundation plans. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. framing. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor.

About Sections and Elevations s 299 . partial. and steel.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. such as framing connections and foundation details. unnecessary. full.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. such as doors and windows.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s The position relationship between different elements. For larger elevations. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).

Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. quantity. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. For example." Mfr. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . You may. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. shadows. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. followed by any additional information about spacing. With interior elevations. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. however. East. cars.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. The size of the object is listed first. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. and so forth. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. this is reversed. Unnecessary Information Shades. or methods of installation. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. For a wood structure. the titles assigned (North. For siding. bushes. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. Therefore. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. and then the name of the material. South. people.

doors. which is a formed pressboard. chamfers. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. or a baseboard. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. and types of finish materials used. This is usually done using a topset. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. coving. It can also be used around doorways and windows. and lip. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. wood. and materials used.Sections and Elevations .View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. other openings. and other appliances. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. shelf arrangements. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". flush overlay. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. It may have curves. tile. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. dishwashers. The trim is usually glued into place. and special equipment such as toilets. or linoleum) and the wall. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. or MDF. This is more costly than regular overlay. Hinges are concealed. or decorative patterns. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. casements. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Molding is normally decorative in nature. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. Molding is usually made of plaster. doors and direction of door swings.

you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. s Place a section view on a sheet. This automatically creates the section view in the model. s Create an interior elevation. s Add slope annotations. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. and a section symbol on all plans. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Change the section head.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. which you can then add to a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section.

Math (STEM). 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and math standards. Once created. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. A section is a horizontal view.Sections and Elevations .Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Engineering. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. like an elevation. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. engineering. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. technology. and Language Arts.

or other section view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. elevation. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. Sections and Elevations s 307 . if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. For example. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

Sections and Elevations . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view. By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . the slope of this roof is 2:12. Once you create the detail section. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. tracing over the existing elements. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. Details are crucial for effective construction. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. The slope is the ratio rise:run. So. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Add breaklines as needed. which is spoken as 2 in 12. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add detail notes. s Add structural details. In the example shown. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. In a set of construction documents. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. such as anchor bolts and siding. Slope is also referred to as pitch.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need.

Sections and Elevations .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch. The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

rvt. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The completed exercise 6. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Create panel. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". click Section. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. 3. On the View tab. The file opens to a 3D view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. 4. The Section command is available from the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Open the file ADA_Sections. 2.

The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 3. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . and it has control grips to resize it. 2. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. Section Properties 1. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. With the section line selected. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. The actual location is not critical. This is called the crop region. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.

7. Save the file as Unit8_section1. change Far Clip Offset to 10. you automatically created a section view. The view is listed in your Project Browser. 5. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. In this exercise. 8.4. When you drew the section line. In the Properties palette. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). Clear Crop Region Visible. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. 6.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 313 . The section view updates.

3. and Section Head . For Name.Sections and Elevations . click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 7. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1.rfa. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.No Arrow. 2. In this exercise. On the Manage tab. Click Open to load the family. They include Section Head . Several section head families are available. 5. click Duplicate. 6. click Load Family. enter Open Arrow. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. 4. Select Section Head-Open. On the Insert tab. Section Head .1 point Filled. Load from Library panel. Click OK. Settings panel. In the Type Properties dialog box. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles.Filled.rvt. The view does not change.

select Section Head . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. enter Open Arrow. 12. 14. For Section Head. click Edit Type. 9. Sections and Elevations s 315 .8. 11. select Open Arrow. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Select the section line. In this exercise. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. In the Section Tag field. Click Duplicate. The section head updates to the new head type. 13. On the Properties palette. For Name. Click OK. 10. Click OK. Save as Unit8_section_open.Open.rvt.

Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 2. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. 3. 6. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Use the image below for guidance. Create panel. select the border of the callout. On the View tab. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. To reposition the callout head.rvt. 4. On the Options Bar. 5.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". click Callout. This is a building section. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1.Sections and Elevations . 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. but not strongly. Detail panel. region patterns. 4. 8. 3. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail.7.rvt. You can add detail lines. On the Options Bar. 2. On the Draw panel. Sections and Elevations s 317 . change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. click Region > Filled Region. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. select Chain. On the Properties palette. detail components. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. as shown. On the Annotate tab. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. Line is selected automatically. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. 1. Detail the View Detail components are view specific.

enter Earth. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.5. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. 6. For Name.Sections and Elevations . Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Click Modify. Select the upper and right side lines. On the Properties palette. Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. 7.

click Component > Detail Component. 1. If you zoom in closer. Click Open. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. On the Annotate tab. 9. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern.8. click Load Family. Click OK.Section. On the Mode panel. From the Fill Pattern list.rfa. 3. the filled region may appear as solid fill. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Detail panel. Sections and Elevations s 319 . Detail panel. select Finish (green check). Select Nominal Cut Lumber . 2. On the Place Detail Component tab. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. the pattern becomes visible.

You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially.4. 5.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Specify Types dialog box. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.

You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Using the image below for guidance. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. From the Type Selector. From the Type Selector list.6. Sections and Elevations s 321 . select Plywood. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. 7. Add another Detail Component. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. add a second copy of the 2 x 10. Move it after placement if necessary.

10. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. set the Thickness to 3/4". Place the component similarly to the image below. This component represents the subflooring. From the Type Selector. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. Select the vertical plywood.Sections and Elevations . On the Properties palette. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. 12. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use the image below for guidance. The exact vertical placement is not critical. 11. select anchor bolt. Click Modify. Click Component > Detail Component.9.

Add another Detail Component.13. On the Modify panel of the context tab. 14. select Copy. select Multiple. select Lap Siding. From the Type Selector. Click Modify. On the Options Bar. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Use the image below for guidance.

Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. 2. click Detail Line. Detail panel.15. Start at the end of the siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save the file.Sections and Elevations . select Wide Lines. 16. Add Detail Lines 1. On the Annotate tab. From the Line Style Selector. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall.

Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Zoom out.3. 4. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. Still using Wide Lines. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. 5. Sections and Elevations s 325 .

select the Material field in row 3. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. click Insulation. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Right-click. 2. 9.Sections and Elevations . 8. Select the wall so it highlights. Add Insulation 1. you show the gypsum board in the wall.6. 10. identified as Wall material 1. On the Annotate tab. Detail panel. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Save the file. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Edit in the Structure field. Next. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Click Modify. 7. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The wall display updates. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box.

Detail panel. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector. 1. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Sections and Elevations s 327 . On the Annotate tab. 3. select Break Line.2. Your view should resemble the image shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side.

and detail components to it. The Detail Component tool is still active. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). detail lines. In this exercise. You place another breakline. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 7. 6. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. The view should resemble the image shown. To complete the detail. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. you created a detail section view and added filled regions.Sections and Elevations . Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. Save the file.4. 5. Place the breakline as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool.

Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. With nothing selected in the view. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. s Clear Annotation Crop. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 3. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. The border around the view will disappear. weatherproofing. or methods of installation.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). 1. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . To add notes. The size of the object is listed first. 2. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. quantity. and ventilation methods in construction documents.rvt.

On the Annotate tab. As you pull your cursor to the right. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. From the Type list.4" WEATHERING. leader arrow as shown. 5. 8. 7. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING .Sections and Elevations .4. Move the pointer up 11. On the Format panel. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. insulation. 6. click Two Segments. R13. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 9. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. 12. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. click Text. Finally. Text panel.

O. Start the next text at the floorboard. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the anchor bolt.C. 14. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Enter 5/8" GWB . Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. . Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board.C. 17. 16. 18. CONT is short for Continuous. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. 19. Start the next text at the baseboard. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. or wood treated with preservative against rot.C. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. as the second line of text. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard...TYPE X. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. Start the next text at the interior wall. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. 15. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Click off the text to finish the entry. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 20.13.C. is an acronym for On Center.

Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.rvt. Click Modify. 21.Note: GALV signifies galvanized.Sections and Elevations . 22. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .. Click Zoom to Fit. Click ENTER to start a second line. In this exercise. Note: CONC signifies concrete. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 23.

Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown. 4. or elevation view. and locate the detail view on it. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. highlight Sheets. Sections and Elevations s 333 . you create a new sheet with your custom title block.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. In the Project Browser.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. 3. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. you will want to add the views to a sheet. section. 5. click Load. 6. Click Open. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click OK to exit the dialog box. The new sheet becomes the current view. In this exercise. Right-click. 2.rvt. Locate the A-Landscape. Click New Sheet. Highlight your title block. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command.

7. Select a Level Line. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Click the control at its left end. 9. click Hide Crop Region. Drag it to the right.Sections and Elevations . Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. On the View Control Bar. 8. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . close to the crop border. Both Level ends will move together. In the Project Browser. click Show Crop Region. select view Detail at Foundation.

For Number.301. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view.rvt. For Name. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Click Rename. highlight the new sheet.10. s Modified the label values in the title block. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. 12. Click OK. 13. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. you: s Created a new sheet. 11. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. In the Project Browser. enter S.

rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. Right-click. and west. s Add any necessary dimensions. s Add material notes. It is defined by the green dotted line.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add slope indication for roof. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. Click the Annotations tab. s Set the display for building components as needed. 3. 6. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations . east. Open ADA_Elevations. 2. Select Elevations. 4. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. 5. The elevation markers are now visible. four elevation views are included: north. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 2. south. Click OK. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. When you create a project with a template. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.

On the Annotations tab. clear Sections. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Switch to an Elevation View 1. On the Modelling tab. 3. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view.2. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Next. On the View Control Bar. clear Planting. 5. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 4. Click OK to exit the dialog box. Enable the visibility of Levels 6.

and modified the wall display characteristics. 12. 8. 10. In the Type Properties dialog box. 9. Click Zoom to Fit. Select the wall. click to open the list. Click the button that displays to select a material. 11.rvt. Select the Material field for Layer 1. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.7. On the Properties palette. select Edit in the Structure field.Exterior Stucco.Sections and Elevations . 13. It will be identified as Condo . modified its display. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Select Sand. In Surface Pattern. you activated an elevation view. click Edit Type. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern.

The size of the object is listed first. 3. Set the Leader type to One Segment. Sections and Elevations s 339 .Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. Add a note for the stone wall. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. 5. 4. 2. quantity. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. or methods of installation. Add a note for the foundation. In the Type Selector. Enter TX. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.rvt. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views.

Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated.Sections and Elevations . 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the brick wall. you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 9.rvt. Add a note for the roof. Add a note for the exterior stucco. In this exercise.6. 8. 7.

5. Click to select the roof line. 6.rvt. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 4. Dimension panel. 2. 3.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. click Spot Slope. Click again to locate the slope indicator. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. select Triangle. from the Slope Representation list. For Offset from Reference. enter 1/8". On the Annotate tab. 1. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. On the Options Bar.

10. On the Annotate tab. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Click Modify. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator.7. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . click Aligned. Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 9. Dimension panel. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Click to select the roof line. 11.

12. and vertical dimensions. Sections and Elevations s 343 . select wall breaks and levels. and dimensions for clarity. slope indicators. 13. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. Arrange notes.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. The west elevation now contains material notes. 14. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. In this exercise. To create a continuous dimension as shown. leaders.

Click Find Referring Views.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. Click Open View. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. equipment rooms. 3. and cabinetry.rvt. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. In the Project Browser. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. Highlight the view. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . special closets. kitchens. Right-click. dimensions.Sections and Elevations . This view was already defined in the drawing. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. 2. In this exercise.

Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. click Aligned. 7. In the Name box. Dimension panel. 5. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Right-click. click OK. Select Suppress 0 Feet. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. On the Annotate tab. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Sections and Elevations s 345 . Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".4. 6. Clear Use Project Settings. s s s s Click Duplicate. Click the value field for Units Format 8.

detail the interior section. 10. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.Sections and Elevations . You modified a dimension style.9. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. In this exercise.rvt. Using the Text and Dimension tools. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.

b. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. Show the relationships between elements. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . such as north. is always the true orientation. All of the above 5. s Create a section view. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Create filled regions. The orientation of the exterior elevation. The direction the viewer is facing. a. Bathrooms and kitchens b. 2. s Create slope annotations. d. The direction the structure is facing. True b. 4. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. c. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. Cabinetry d. Either one. it depends. c. s Create material annotations. General Questions 1. Not in Concrete b. All of the above. False 3. b. Walls c. Nobody in Charge d. Not in Contract c. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a.

North 3. click Sheet Composition > View. False 5. you use: a. The boundaries of the view. but not a 6. True b. Which elevation is it? a. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The Visual Style of the view. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . On the View tab. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. a. South d. b. East b. Right-click. a. West c. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. d. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. 4. The detail level of the view. c. d. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. b and c. Element properties c.Sections and Elevations . To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. True b. b. The dotted line indicates: a. Click Add View. c. The height of the view. Sun and Shadow b. False 2.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

Review Schedules. s Reformat a schedule. s Load a schedule tag.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 2. 4. s Export a schedule. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.

About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. About Schedules s 351 . and thickness. Math (STEM). The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Some of these building objects include. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. Engineering. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan. height. about the building objects in your architectural plan. technology. width.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. such as reference number. and Language Arts.

Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. However. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . There are different types of schedule tables. depending on the style of the architectural firm.Schedules .Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. the same primary information is included. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Instance. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .

or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. E for electrical. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). A circle. Like schedules. window. and A for appliances. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. The following image shows door. hexagon. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. However. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Students should become familiar with these basic symbols.Schedules . these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Other letters are P for plumbing. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Using the software.

Project templates include preset schedules. Technology. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to science. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. s Export a schedule. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and math standards. s Add room tags. windows.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. equipment. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Schedules s 355 . Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. and you can create your own schedules. rooms. Engineering. and Language Arts. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. materials. To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. s Create a room schedule. engineering. hardware. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Schedules list items such as doors.

2. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.rvt. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1. and you set the schedule to display totals.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. Open ADA_Window_Schedules.

The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. Schedules s 357 . Continue to add fields to the schedule. Click Add. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. Height. and Width. 7. Select Windows from the list. On the View tab. Add Count. In Available Fields. Type Mark. 3. select Comments. 6. 4.s Window Tag 5. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Level. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box.

9. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. from left to right.Schedules . Click OK to finish the schedule. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select the fields.8. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.

but without any useful calculations yet. Select Blank Line. 2. select Type Mark.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. From the Sort By list. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. Schedules s 359 . Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. 1. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3.

The schedule still does not show totals by window type. click the schedule name. In order to calculate the total number of windows. you can have the schedule report this. in this case). Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Schedules . you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. click Edit. In the lower left corner of the dialog box. Rather than make a manual calculation. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. in the Then By sorting field. 2. for Sorting/ Grouping. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Notice how the schedule has changed. 4. In the Project Browser. 1. 3. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. clear Itemize Every Instance. select Level. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. On the Properties palette.

Count. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Schedules s 361 .5. and Totals. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. select Footer. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. s Set the schedule to display category totals. for Sorting/ Grouping.rvt. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. The totals for each window type now display. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. In this exercise. 6. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. click Edit 7. From the list. select Title. On the Properties palette.

click Overwrite the Existing Version. 2.rvt. Room & Area panel. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. 4. occupancy. Room size. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. click Room > Room. 3. On the Home tab. floor type. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . ceiling type. In this exercise. based on the amount of space in each room. 5. Locate the file named Room Tag.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. Open ADA_Room_Tags.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms.Schedules . and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. Click Open.

Room & Area panel. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 6. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. click Room > Room Separation Line. 7. Schedules s 363 .In the Type Selector. a total of 7. and in the hall as shown. 8. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. On the Home tab.

364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . s Click the Room text. The room tag updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. An edit box activates. 12. The area value for Room 7 updates. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Change the word Room to Manager. The cursor changes to sketch mode. click Room. Select Room #2.9. 10. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. 11. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. 13. Click Modify. On the Room & Area panel.Schedules . Place a room tag below the room separation line.

On the Properties palette. s Changed room tag field values. enter Sales. s Tagged various objects. s Added a room separation. In this exercise. for Name. you: s Loaded a room tag.14. 15. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. Schedules s 365 .rvt. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16.

rvt. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. select Number. The New Schedule dialog box displays. The completed exercise 5. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. 3. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. In the Available Fields pane. Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. 4. 2. enter Square Footage Report. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Name. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Set the Sort By value to Number. Create a Room Schedule 1. Click Add--> after each selection.Schedules . Click OK. and Area to be included in your schedule. Create panel. For Name. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. 6. On the View tab.

s Click Field Format. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. In the Format dialog box. Click OK. Select Title and Totals from the list. Highlight the Number field. 8. Change the Heading to No. Schedules s 367 . 9. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. s Set Units to Square Feet. s Select Calculate Totals. 10. clear Use Project Settings. s Set Alignment to Right. Click the Formatting tab. Select Grand Totals.7. Highlight the Area field.

s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. In this exercise. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .11.rvt. 12. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. Click OK to exit the dialog box. you: s Created a room schedule. s Totaled one of the columns.Schedules .

You can save the data in a delimited text (*. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Note the formatting that has been applied.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. On the application menu.rvt. 2. 5. You can then use this file in other applications. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Double-click it to open it. Schedules s 369 . The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. 6. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications.txt) file. locate the file you created. Click OK. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Click Save. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. you export the room schedule to a text file. The file is created. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Browse to a directory to save your report. Using your Windows Explorer. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. 3. 4.

Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. In this exercise. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.7. Close the text file. 8.

Matrix d. a. A list of sheets used in a project. False 4. True b. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. c. s Load a schedule tag. Quantity c. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Questions 1. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. What is a schedule table? a. s Place a schedule tag. True b. Type b. b. you learned to: s Create a schedule. d. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. s Export a schedule. a. Instance 3. False Summary/Questions s 371 . None of the above.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Reformat a schedule. 2.

Home d. To export a schedule. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Schedules . Manage tab 3. Modify 2. Application menu d. a. a. use the ____ . Annotate b. View c. TXT b. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . View tab c. Annotate tab b. CSV d. XLS c. Schedules are created from the ____ tab.

5. 3.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . Lesson Plan 1. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. 4. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. Review Visualization.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways.

and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Export a DWG file. To review the list of standards for each lesson. s Create a raytrace rendering. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and Language Arts. Math (STEM). s Place a camera. s Orient walls and windows. s Apply shading to a view.Visualization . or camera on a path. Engineering. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Assign materials. Technology. s Play a walkthrough. The animation file can be played in any media player. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. s Add planting components.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. After completing this lesson. Finally. you create a walkthrough. s Export a walkthrough. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows.

The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. courseware datasets. Click Zoom to Fit. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. s Make a camera view the active view. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. Assign materials.rvt. To prepare your model for rendering. Open Unit2_custom_family. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. s s 2. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. You worked on animations. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design.

3. 5. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. 4. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. Stud. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click. The walls now display layers of materials. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. If you do not see any change in the wall display.Visualization . The wall display updates. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 6. Select any exterior wall. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Select one of the exterior walls.

Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Click Change wall's orientation. Open the Default 3D view. 10. Visualization s 377 . Select the toposurface object. In addition to using the control arrows. Repeat the process for the windows.7. Click OK. Right-click. 8. On the Properties palette. Select Site: Grass. you can: s s s 9. Select walls. select the icon at the right of the Materials field.

rvt. Save the file as Unit10_Export. you have completed this exercise. Open 3ds Max Design. This will filter the file list. click Export > FBX. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Select the Roof. select Autodesk (*. 12. 2. Note the file location.Visualization . for Files of type.FBX). On the application menu.11. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. On the application menu. Export the Model to FBX 1. 3. Depending on your system resources. Click OK in any notices and warnings. Select the file name. click Import > Import. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . and click Open. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.

Export the Model to DWG 1. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Visualization s 379 . On the application menu. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Depending on your system resources. 2.4. Note the file location. If necessary. Close the file without saving. 3. There is no way to update it from Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Open or return to Revit. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. click Next. you have completed this exercise. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.rvt. open Unit10_Export.

click References > File Link Manager. open Unit10_Export. If necessary. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Open 3ds Max Design. Select the file name.Visualization . 8. Click Open.rvt. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. 6. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. 7.max. Select two windows as shown. 5. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. In the File Link Manager . 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open or return to Revit. On the application menu. click Attach This File. click File. Close the File Link Manager.4. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 9.

Open the 3D view. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. Visualization s 381 . On the application menu. 11. In the dialog box. 12. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Save the file. The windows have updated. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 13.10.

382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. In this exercise. s Close the File Link Manager. The linked file updates. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open the Files tab. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. s Oriented walls and windows. 15. s Changed a material definition. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file.Visualization . Open the File Link Manager. s Click Reload. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design.14. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. The windows have changed. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project.

add plantings to the model. 3. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. If you place the camera too close to the model. Open Unit10_Export. Open the Site view. In this exercise. 2. as shown. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. you place a camera in a model. and create a second rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. generate a rendering.rvt. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. click Camera. On the View tab. change materials. Visualization s 383 . Create panel. Place a Camera 1.

Render Setup 1. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. The camera will be visible. Right-click. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. Click Show Camera. 2. click Show Rendering Dialog. 6. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust.4. select Very Few Clouds. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. 5. s s s s Open a floor plan view. If necessary. The camera perspective view opens. On the View Control Bar. Return to the perspective view. 7. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Open the Site view again.Visualization . Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

click Site Component. Click Render. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. On the Massing & Site tab. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Visualization s 385 . s Click Render to create a new rendered image. 3. Open view 3D View 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. Output Settings. s Click Render. Model Site panel. 2. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. and Lighting. Enhance the Model 1.3. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . Open the Site view.30' approximately as shown.

6. Select the roof. On the Properties palette. Revit places the image in its own view. Change Materials 1. click Save to Project. 2. In the Rendering dialog box. 3. Select an exterior wall.Visualization . click Show the Model. In the Save to Project dialog box. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box. select Roofing . In the Rendering dialog box. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . click OK. click Edit Type. and you can now select elements for editing. 4. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. 5. In the Layer 1 Material field. 5. The model displays in the view.4. On the Properties palette. Click Edit in the Structure field. In the Materials list. click Edit Type.Wood Shake.

Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Replace. Select the icon next to Masonry . Visualization s 387 . 8.10. 7. 9.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field.

Save the file as Unit10_render.11. Click OK. Select Masonry . 15. 13.Visualization . s Generated and captured a render image. In the Rendering dialog box. In this exercise.Brick Uniform Running Brown. In the Rendering dialog box. s Placed site planting components in the model. The new image is placed in its own view.rvt. 16. 12. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 14. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. s Generated and captured a second render image. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. click Save to Project. s Edited materials in model components. s Created a raytrace setup. These images are now available as options to present to a client. click Render.

or frame. click to the left of the model as shown. 3. Open Unit10_render. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. Create panel. The camera and path can be edited. Each view. Visualization s 389 . A walkthrough places a camera on a path. 4. 2. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. s On the View tab. Click Zoom Out (2x). click 3d View > Walkthrough. Click Zoom to Fit. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. In this exercise. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s View the animation in a media player. s Right-click again. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The cursor changes to a crosshair. s Edit the camera and path. rendered. in a project model. along the path can be viewed in different modes.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. or walkthroughs. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. s Right-click. Open floor plan view Level 1. and exported individually.rvt. To place a key frame.

Walkthrough panel. Select the direction control for the camera. The Options Bar changes. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. click Edit Walkthrough. The camera is located on the final key frame. 6. click Finish Walkthrough. On the Modify | Cameras tab.Visualization . 11. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel. 8. 9. Repeat for all the key frames. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 7.5. Drag it to the left. 10.

click Next Key Frame. Edit the Walkthrough 1. The path displays control dots at key frames. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before.12. Click Edit Walkthrough. 2. From the Controls list. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. On the Walkthrough panel. select Path. Click Open. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. Check the view in several key frames. If camera positions distort. Visualization s 391 . Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. 13. 3. Drag the path away from the model as shown.

The walkthrough plays in the view window.rvt.Visualization . File Name. In the Length/Format dialog box. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Click Play. Revit generates the external AVI file.Play the Walkthrough 1. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. 2. In the Video Compression dialog box. 2. notice where you save the file. On the application menu. select a video compression method to hold down file size. click OK. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Save. 4. Export the Walkthrough 1. 3. Click OK. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough.

It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file.5. Plan your class time accordingly. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. 6. Double-click the new file name. such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 . You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles.

you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. If you have made changes to the building model.Visualization . s Played the animation file in a media player. s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path.7. In this exercise. save the Revit Architecture file. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .

s Add planting components. s Place a camera. a. False 2. a. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. View > Shading d. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. False Summary/Questions s 395 . you use: a. Align c. Demolish 2. True b. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Flip Orientation d. s Orient walls and windows. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. you use: a. s Apply shading to a view. Split b. Questions 1. s Play a walkthrough. s Export an FBX file. s Assign materials. a. s Export a walkthrough. Save As > FBX c. True b. True b. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. Export > FBX 3. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Export a DWG file. Print to File b.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. In the following exercises. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. and braces. 2. beams. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 6. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. Lesson Plan 1. beam systems. beams and braces. foundations. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . you learn how to place structural columns. (Student) Evaluate Students. Review structural columns. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . 3. 4.

Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning.Structural .About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. For example. and other structural elements will be located in a building.

Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 .

and other building objects. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Knowing where structural members.Structural . walls.This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. especially columns. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Math (STEM).Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Structural s 401 . Place beam systems and braces. Engineering. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. After completing this lesson. Technology. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. To review the list of standards for each lesson. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams. Place columns and beams on grids. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and Language Arts. Create column grids.

this is known as post and beam construction. wood. As with columns. often mainly glass. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. In this exercise. They come in types defined by size and shape. beams can be steel. 1. On the View Control Bar. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. In residential construction. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. 3. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . spans without walls. Select a floor.Hide Category. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. 2. or reinforced concrete. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. wood. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Open Deck Framing. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor.Structural .Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. click Column > Structural Column. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Structural columns can be steel. or concrete. Beams connect columns or walls. On the Build panel of the Home tab.

On the Options Bar. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". 3A. In the Type Selector. 7. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. Structural s 403 . click Depth. 8. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 6. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. On the View Control Bar. and 4B.4.

Place Beams 1.Structural . In the Project Browser.9. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". rail. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. and columns clearly. 11. Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Click OK. Right-click. Click OK. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). 2. 10. Click Hide In View > Element. The columns are now hidden by the floors.

click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. Click. s In the view window. Structure panel.3. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. 5. On the Options Bar. click Beam. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. To place beams: Structural s 405 . In the Type Selector. 4. On the Structure tab. select Chain.

Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 6. Click Modify. On the Properties palette.Structural .s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click. Click. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. 7. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

s Place a beam from A2 to A3. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Click. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. click Beam. If a Warning dialog box that opens. click Make Wall Bearing. Save the file as Deck Beams. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 9. Click on grid intersection B4. Click OK. Structure panel. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. In this exercise. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. as shown. Structural s 407 . Click Modify. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 12.8.rvt. 11. On the Properties palette. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab.

click Pick Supports. This is the direction indicator for the beam system.rvt. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. click Beam System. click Sketch Beam System. distance. 2. click No. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. s Place braces. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. Open Deck Beams. Click the beam on Grid 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.Structural . 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Structure tab. The completed exercise 5. 4. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. Structure panel. 3. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. or number of beams in a bay. you: s Place beam systems. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Place Beam Systems 1.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. In this exercise.

click Line. Structural s 409 .6. as shown. 7. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

set Elevation to -0'-9". s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. On the Mode panel. click Line.2". Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. Click the beam on Grid 2. s s s On the Draw panel. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. 10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. Click Finish. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. 11. click Finish (green check).8.Structural . s 9. On the Properties palette. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.6". click Pick Supports. Trim as necessary. s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. click Create Similar.

unlike regular elevations. On the View Control Bar. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. click Brace. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. 5. On the Structure tab. Structural s 411 . Adjust the view crop region as shown. In the Project Browser.Place Braces 1. Click to place the elevation. 2. On the View tab. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Create panel. It has an automatic work plane. 4. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. as shown. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 3. Structure panel.

In the view window. Click Modify. 8. In the Type Selector. to start the brace.Structural . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 9. Repeat the brace going right to left. 7. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4.6. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

In this exercise. s Placed braces. 11. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. Structural s 413 . you: s Placed beam systems.rvt.10. Save the file as Deck structure.

s s In the view window. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. as shown. and walls. The numbering automatically increments. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. 2. beams. and section views. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. In plan views. You can change a grid number at any time. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. Datum panel. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. The exact length is not critical. Grid datasets. Pull the cursor straight up. click Grid. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. In this exercise. The exact location is not critical. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . elevation. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. This is a common step early in designing a large building. click in the lower left to start a grid line. but they can also be angular and radial.Structural . you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". 4.3. Click to start another grid line.

To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. s Select Grid Line 2. click Copy.5. click to place the grid line. close to the heads. Pull the cursor to the left. Pull the cursor to the right. 7. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Click to start a grid line. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point.Structural . s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. Repeat to create grid line 4. Enter A at the keyboard. The new grid line is number 5. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". 6. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. The new grid line will be number 3. Press ENTER. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Press ENTER.

11. click the elbow control to place an offset. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. The Grid tool is still active.8. 10.1 is still selected. Grid 2. 9. Change the number to 2. s Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 2. Structural s 417 . Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. s Click Copy.1. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. This grid line will be number B. On the grid line. This completes the main grid. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.

Create panel. set Offset to 15'-0". Revit will convert this to 15'-0". Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. click Grid. Click to place the grid head. s Click to start the grid line. Click in the new grid bubble. enter 15.Structural . s s Click grid intersection D3. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Change the number to EE. click Radius.000 o . In the Radius field. Press ENTER. The Grid tool is still active. click Pick. select Center-Ends Arc. On the Draw panel. On the Draw panel. 3.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. 4. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. On the Options Bar. Zoom to Fit. On the Home tab.

Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3.5. Click to place grid FF. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Structural s 419 . The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. You will need to identify it easily. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. 7. 6. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Drag it down below the radial grids. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line.

Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s Click grid intersection D3.000. s In this exercise. 9.Pick Axis. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid.Structural .rvt.8. click Create Similar. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Revit will create grid 32. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 31. click Mirror . s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. 11. Enter 31 to change the name. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 3. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. s 10. Zoom to Fit. Press ENTER. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement.

The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. click Column > Structural Column. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. This is a steel column. Structure panel. Open ADA_Grids-complete. As a result. s Add footings to columns. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. s Change a grid layout. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. s 3. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural s 421 . In the Type Selector. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. s Use a column grid to place beams. you typically create a grid. In this exercise. 2. Now you place columns at grid intersections. you: s Use a column grid to place columns.

B. In the Multiple panel. 4. 4. 5. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. set Height to Level 3. click Finish. 6. C and D. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Multiple panel. 2. click At Grids. A. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 3.Structural .s s On the Options Bar.

4.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. On the Multiple panel. 5. 2. click Beam. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Structural s 423 . and beams will move to the right. Window-select all the grid lines. 3. Open Floor Plan Level 2. Click Grid 1. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. click Finish. On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Zoom to Fit. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. columns. The grid. click On Grids.

424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once.Structural . click At Columns. 1. On the Multiple panel. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. Columns and beams will move to the right. 2. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. In the view window. Click Redo. window-select all the columns. Open the Default 3D view. 4. 6. click Finish. 3.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. On the Quick Access toolbar. click No. click Undo. click Isolated. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. On the Multiple panel.

Press ESC to clear the column selection. Click OK. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. The footing changes size. The footing had been placed at Level 1. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". Structural s 425 . 7. in the Type Selector. To change the size of the footing. 6. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. s On the Properties palette. A warning displays. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18".5. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves.

s Changed a grid layout. s Used a column grid to place beams. In this exercise.Structural . Save and close the file. you: s Used a column grid to place columns. s Added footings to columns.8. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . spans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beam systems. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Place braces. s Change a grid layout. s Add footings to columns. True b. Brace c. All of the above. Beam d. Column b. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. 2. Questions 1.

Properties c. d. A and B. b.Revit Architecture Questions 1.Structural . False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . c. c. 3. you can: a. a. Use grid lines and grid intersections. To create a beam system. you: a. To change the height of a column. If you relocate a grid line. you use: a. 5. Pick points. When placing columns or beams. False 4. Stretch b. Flip Orientation d. All of the above. b. True b. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. 2. True b. Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. Select a beam type and define the system layout. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. Select the type of beam or column to place. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. d. a. A but not B.

org Project Lead the Way. Randy Dymond. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc. WI Roger Dohm . Smith .Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N. Milwaukee. Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . Poway High School.Instructor.Director. Copyright s 431 . Susan Harrington . Inc. International Technology Education Association www. CA Ronald A Williams. PE . Starkweather . Poway. Virginia Tech Eric Losin .iteaconnect.Teacher.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Ltd. South Division High School.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr. Mathematics.Executive Director.

Inc. Autodesk Inventor.© 2010 Autodesk. 2010 Autodesk.” AUTODESK. AutoCAD Architecture. or parts thereof. product names. Inc. INC. Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite.. Certain materials included in this publication are reprinted with the permission of the copyright holder. All rights reserved. for any purpose. and is not responsible for typographical or graphical errors that may appear in this document. Disclaimer THIS PUBLICATION AND THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN IS MADE AVAILABLE BY AUTODESK. Autodesk Revit MEP. by any method. Published by: Autodesk. CA 94903. AutoCAD Civil 3D. and specifications and pricing at any time without notice. Autodesk 3ds Max Design are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk. AutoCAD. Inc. All rights reserved. Inc. and/or its subsidiaries and/ or affiliates in the USA and/or other countries. may not be reproduced in any form. Autodesk reserves the right to alter product and services offerings. Trademarks Autodesk.. “AS IS. Except as otherwise permitted by Autodesk. this publication. DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES. or trademarks belong to their respective holders. INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THESE MATERIALS. USA 432 s Autodesk Design Academy Credits-Copyright . All other brand names. Inc. INC. 111 Mclnnis Parkway San Rafael. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. AutoCAD MEP. Autodesk Revit Architecture.

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