Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections.When sketching walls. the display shows editable distances and angles. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 .

The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. elevation. section. roofs. and 3D views. floors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. You can add building elements in plan. windows. furniture. Other building elements such as doors. stairs.

or at any time after. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.While components are being sketched. the other will move as well. If one is moved. In the illustration shown. relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown.

all the windows obey their constraints. 12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.Software Tools .If the left side wall is moved. In essence.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. and math standards. you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Engineering. engineering. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Constrain placement of objects. Math (STEM). and Language Arts. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. Technology. technology. s Place a predefined Mass family. This lesson relates to science. s Use tools to create building elements from masses.

or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape.Software Tools . and curtain systems. owner. you can create in-place masses. walls. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . size.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. There are mass families available to load into a project. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. quickly. Masses can be edited in many ways. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. or masses. and then converted into building components such as floors. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. A designer. such as distance requirements from roadways. roofs.

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library.

Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab.

When a mass has been placed or created in a project.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. masses. walls. and curtain systems by selecting faces of. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 . roofs. or within.

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Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .

Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls.Software Tools . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

To print a mass displayed in a view.The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab. 22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. legends. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. tags. Math (STEM). s Recognize temporary dimensions. and symbol heads. engineering. Engineering. and Language Arts. s Explain the use of dimensions.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Annotation includes text notes. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 . and math standards. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update. Each symbol family file (*.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

and permanent dimensions for annotating. Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching. or angular. radial. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Software Tools .

but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. and how other levels change display accordingly. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.z) coordinate system. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .y.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions.

Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. the Type Selector. Technology. and Options Bar. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . engineering. s Work with tool buttons. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Engineering. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. technology. and Language Arts. s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. Math (STEM). you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.Software Tools . s Open and use ribbon tabs. s Open tabs on the ribbon.

Its position is fixed. Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. doors. for instance. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. windows. Some commands will not be active (that is. Display and Navigation s 31 . The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. beams. and rooms. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content.Software Tools . 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

structural walls. symbols. slabs. detailing.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems. and text. trusses. and foundations. Display and Navigation s 33 . columns. The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. braces.

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The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others. Display and Navigation s 35 .

and parameters. The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. materials. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . copy/paste. Context tabs display as you work. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. and inquiry.Software Tools .

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New. Save. Open. Print. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . and Close.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files.

Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions. The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .

sheets. and groups. schedules. schedules. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . families. Legends. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. with four elevation markers visible. The browser provides views of your building model along with legends. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure.Software Tools . The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1.

Display and Navigation s 41 . Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling.Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. View Control Bar View scale. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. shadow display. level of detail. cropping.Software Tools . This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. sun settings. Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. rendering (in 3D views).The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. Windows panel on the ribbon. A check mark indicates it is visible. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. visual style. 42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar. To change the scale of a view. Display and Navigation s 43 . Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine.

The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control. Shaded.Software Tools . Shaded with Edges. Hidden Line is the default. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes. Hidden Line. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 45 .

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sun and shadow intensity.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. which can be according to the view. or by global location. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. date and time. Display and Navigation s 47 . You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle.

Software Tools .48 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

shadows. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. and materials applied to model surfaces.

Software Tools . Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view.

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. Once elements have been hidden.Crop region selected.Software Tools . the view window displays a colored border.

options. Display and Navigation s 53 .

are available in the Properties palette for the active view. enabling you to select them.The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls.Software Tools . 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . along with other display settings. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window.

Insert. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Nine tabs are available: Home. To activate or open a view. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Massing & Site. Display and Navigation s 55 . Structure.All views are listed in the Project Browser. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. Manage and Modify. View. Annotate. Collaborate.

Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. 56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. When a context tab is active. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. showing options that you can select while you are working. Display and Navigation s 57 . If you select items in the view window. a context tab opens on the ribbon. Options Bar. the Options Bar may display below it. Properties Palette. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image.Context Tabs. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button.

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The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying. Display and Navigation s 59 .When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools . 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view.

Display and Navigation s 61 .

the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu.Software Tools . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor. 62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views.

Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. Display and Navigation s 63 . You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

File Save. the application menu. Print. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. On the right is a list of recently opened files.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. File Close only appears on the application menu. Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Display and Navigation s 65 . and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. and Publish. The application menu contains file management controls. Export. such as File Open. Click a file name to open that file. New File.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.

Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. If you select the menu option. Display and Navigation s 67 . click OK in the dialog box that opens. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. 3. or click New > Project from the application menu. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. make the Home tab active. On the ribbon. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. Do this for other tabs. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. 2. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. The completed exercise 4. To start a new project. The panel titles display under the tab titles. After you have examined each of them. click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away.

Software Tools . hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. They disappear when you move the cursor away. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Select Cycle Through All. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. In this exercise. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Click the panel title to display the individual tools.5. 6. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. 7. and then viewed. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. you opened a project file. Close the file without saving.

A copy is also in the courseware datasets. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Open quick_start_building_elements. Display and Navigation s 69 . 2. Exercise 2. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. The file opens to a 3D view. doubleclick the view name. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.rvt. You worked on this file in Getting Started. The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan.

70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . 8. all the walls. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. doors. Click any interior wall. The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens.3. 6. 7. 4. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. and windows highlight blue. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. Click OK. Click the door in the upper left of the model. Click Filter panel > Filter. Clear Walls and Doors. On the Properties palette. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". .Software Tools . You are selecting everything visible. 5.

On the Properties palette. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. 11. click Create panel > Create Similar. 12. Place a door as shown. In this exercise. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.rvt. 10. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. examined the menus and toolbars.9. you opened a project file. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Display and Navigation s 71 . Click any door. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. On the Modify | Doors context tab.

and 3D views using the View menu. either predefined or user-created. building elements (walls. Math (STEM). and views. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. System families include levels. You can create sections. floors). Technology. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. s Load and place component families. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. s Create a new in-place family. schedules. lines.Software Tools . drafting views. templates. Component families include model objects (furniture. Revit provides floor plan. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. display controls. In the exercises. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . s Work with Revit families. Pan. and Language Arts. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. and elevation views by default. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. annotations. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. mechanical equipment). ceiling plan. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. operating settings.

engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 . and math standards. technology.This lesson relates to science.

Click Zoom to Fit. Open Unit2_building_elements. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top.rvt. There is no way to see everything in it. Click Zoom to Fit. Right-click. 2. 3. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view. Four elevation markers are visible. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. The elevation markers disappear from the view. even a small one. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. First. The display changes.Exercise: View Controls A building model. Use your keyboard to enter VV. Click OK. is an extensive database. VG also opens the dialog box. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. The completed exercise Visibility 1. There is also a copy in the course datasets.Software Tools . 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Rightclick in the view window.

Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker. Zoom to Fit. Right-click. Working with Views and Objects s 75 . Select the roof outline. Click Open. Click Zoom In Region. Click and drag the cursor as shown. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. In the Project Browser. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Enter ZF. There are two parts to an elevation. click Detail Level. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall.4. Select Detail Level: Medium. On the View Control Bar. 5. 7. You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Right-click. 6. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. so be sure to select them both.

Software Tools .8. 2. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. View Properties 1. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. doors and windows are not shown. On the Properties palette. Enter VH. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view. change the Underlay value to None. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. Turn off visibility of the elevations. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. as before. Click Zoom to Fit.

Set the cut plane value to 7' . 4.0". By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Right-click. Click Rename. and where the cut plane sits. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. the ridge is now visible. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. Next to View Range. click Edit. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Click OK.3. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. For Name. enter Roof.

select Still. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. In the Presets list. Accept the location that activates.Graphic Display Options 1. Open Elevation view South. 3. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the Sun Settings dialog box. 2. 5.Software Tools . 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . select Shadows On. select Winter Solstice. Set the time to 9:30 am. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. select Shading with Edges. In the dialog box that opens. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. under Solar Study. 4.

you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views. Save the file as Unit2_views. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. Working with Views and Objects s 79 . 6. In this exercise. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. The elevation shadows update.Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time.rvt.

You worked on this file in the previous exercise. walls. This exercise illustrates how you locate. except they are fully parametric and table-driven. These components are called families and there are several different types. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. You add closet doors to interior walls. you open an existing project file. and families in place. load. roofs.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. windows. In Revit. lights. click Door. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. or stand-alone (for example. 2. and furniture. windows. s A system family. 3. Doors are considered standard family entities. or institutional structures. Open Unit2_views. floors. such as levels. Additionally. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project. and floors. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. is predefined within Revit. and annotations are examples of standard families. doors and windows are dependent on walls). and use a Revit family to place a door. Doors. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. standard families. Build panel. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. commercial. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. furniture). and place Revit families. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry.Software Tools . railings. furniture. and so on. On the Home tab. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. There are system families.rvt.

rvt.rfa. Family files have a file extension of *. Click the Doors folder. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement. Project files have a file extension of *. Accept the default size. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). s s 6. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Tag panel. On the Modify | Place Door tab. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. As you move your cursor near any wall. It has a number of different sizes defined. 4. Click Open. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Locate Double Panel 2. and Annotation.rfa. Click Open. The Door Insertion tool stays active. You click to place an instance of the door family. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . 5. Furniture.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. If you highlight a door family.

loaded. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. you located. Place two more instances of the door as shown.Software Tools . The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. but not strongly. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click.rvt.7. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. 8. Place an instance of the door as shown. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. and placed instances of a door family. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. 9. It snaps to the midpoint of the wall. simply click it.

The required width is not available. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. Click OK. you open an existing project file. and create an in-place family. Open Unit2_doors_walls. modify a door family. 2. In the Type Properties dialog box. click Duplicate.rvt. This door needs to be 48" wide. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. 5. For Name. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. 3.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. Select the double door as shown. enter 48" x 80". 4.

Software Tools . Build panel. Click OK. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown. 4. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. The door updates. is to create a component family in place. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. 3. click Component > Model In-Place. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. On the Properties palette. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. 5. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. select Generic Models. Click OK. On the Home tab. enter Hall Clock. 1. For Name. 2.6. In the dialog box. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . set the Extrusion End value to 6".

Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6".4" as shown. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . as shown. On the Draw panel. 12. Click Mode panel > Finish as before.2". You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. In this exercise. 8. loaded. click Rectangle. 13. 10. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. and placed a door family. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .6. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Revit will display . 7. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. you located. You have created the base of the clock. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one. 9. The family model updates.rvt. Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. 11. Click OK. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family.0' 2".

Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper. s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out. s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry.Software Tools .

and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years. rather than drawing perspective views by hand. s What is binary math. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 .

Zoom to an area selected by a left click. s Change view displays.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. context tabs. 7. Create a 3D perspective view. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. False 3. Right-click. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. d. depending on the template selected. b.Software Tools . Spin the model in 3D space. To activate a view: a. b. a. c. s Create an in-place model family. d. True b. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. Each project has several predefined views. False 5. 6. d. a. b. All content tools are located on the ribbon. Views can be renamed. False 2. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. False 4. Questions 1. c. The tool shown is used to: a. True b. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. a. Either a or b. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. True b. Go to View > View Name in the menu. s Change view properties. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. s Open different views. Zoom to the entire model. s Access. and Options Bar. and click Open. True b. Turn on Shadows. s Adjust Visual Style Options. c. Zoom in Region is used to: a. a. tab. load.

Standard b. Project Browser d. Blocks c. Rotate c. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. etc. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. Families 11. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . Properties palette 10. A family created within a project is called ________________. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. Pan and Zoom b. Parts d. Multiview b. Graphics Display Options dialog box c.) are called: a.8. System c. a. All of the above. Scroll d. windows. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. depending on settings 9. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . In-Place d. a.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

Lesson Plan 1. s Create a project template. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. s Duplicate and modify views. s Set project units. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. 3. 6. s Create labels. 2. s Create dimension and text styles.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. you will be able to: s Select a project template. Review Revit Architecture setup. 7. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 8. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template. 9.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. 4. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block.

The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. colors. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them. defining the layers. Explain why templates are used. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. and the settings that are preset within them. linetypes. Engineering. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting.org. Technology. should be used. Many cities and counties have their own rules. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. and so forth. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.aia. based on the AIA standards. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. linetypes. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Math (STEM).org. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes . colors. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. Visit the AIA website at www.aias. Visit the AIAS website at www. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . engineering.This lesson relates to technology. and math standards.

A garage must be completely enclosed. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack. If it lacks any of these components. windows. a garage. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. and so on. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. a common area (such as a living room or family room). the number being its numerical value. and so on. like mechanical drawing. defined and adopted by convention. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. For example. it must have at least one door. A unit is a particular physical quantity. doors. it cannot be called a bedroom. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . If there is a fire. otherwise it is considered a carport. and one closet. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. one window. in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. a bathroom. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom.Standards and Building Codes .

or imperial.. unit symbol m.. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. glass. units are applied to dimensions. in the United States. is 555 ft. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. its value is expressed in the unit meter. Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system.For example. such as room size and wall height. also known as the International System of Units. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. is 169 m. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169. Here h is the physical quantity. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . However. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. In architectural drafting. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. and other materials. Another method is to apply dual notation. the construction industry still uses the English. unit symbol ft. using imperial units. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth.

Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.Standards and Building Codes . Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. line weight and pattern. sheets.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). every 1/8" would represent 1'. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. for example 1/8" = 1'-0". because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8).5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. Each size is designated by a letter.) 8. If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. one value representing another value. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets.Scales are ratios. and viewports. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in. can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In Revit Architecture. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting.

A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3.01. You create and position views. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . You create multiple sheets in a Revit project.a modified version of the AIA standard. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs.01. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. site plan. The integers go from 0 to 9. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes. notes Demolition. and then add a title block or other symbols. symbols. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. elevators. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. temporary Schedules Sections. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets.

the date drawn. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. The column is divided into sections. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template. followed by information on the building's owner. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. that is. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. the electrician.Standards and Building Codes . the author of the drawing. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . and layer standards. Typically. so that the height is less than the width. The next space is for tracking revisions. fonts. and so on. annotation plot sizes. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. and other relevant information. Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. The paper is oriented landscape. For example. the HVAC company. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. drawing scales. Usually.

dimension and text styles. title blocks. layer settings. and so forth. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.in the City of San Francisco. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 .

Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. dimension styles. These can be used to build your model.Standards and Building Codes . Technology. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . views. Math (STEM). and walls. and Language Arts. windows. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. Engineering.

engineering.This lesson relates to technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Settings s 101 . and math standards.

2. Open Revit to an empty project file. In Revit. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. click New > Project. In the New Project dialog box. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. 3. click Browse. Condominiums. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. factory. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . or store. you use templates as starting points.Standards and Building Codes . On the application menu. you create a new project file using a template. Select a Template 1. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. A residential building is a single-family dwelling. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. apartments.

you started a new project file using a standard template. On the application menu. Click Open. In this exercise. 6. click Close to close this project without saving. 5. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project.4. Click OK. Select the Residential-Default. saving set up time. Settings s 103 .rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder.

104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . In the courseware datasets folder. In this exercise. 2. In the Project Browser. The file opens to a 3D view. the drawing setup options are preset.rvt. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters.Standards and Building Codes . Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. 3. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. The Wall tool remains active. click Wall. To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. s Place the cursor over the left wall. open ADA__Settings.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. Press ESC to cancel the wall. expand Floor Plans under Views. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement. Pull the cursor to the right. Build panel. Click to start a new wall.

Place the cursor over the left wall. click to start a new wall. Close the file without saving. 8. you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. In this exercise. and move the cursor right. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units.) 6. 5. Click Format for Length. Click OK twice to save the setting change. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Press ESC to cancel the wall. s Set Unit symbol to m.4. Settings s 105 .) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 7.

rvt.Standards and Building Codes . 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. click Duplicate. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales. 2. or insert components. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. temporary and permanent. enter Big Text. In the Type Properties dialog box. create. On the Annotate tab. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. click Edit Type. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines. 4. click Aligned. For Name. 1. Dimension panel. but also control the size and location of objects. there are two types of dimensions. dimensions not only display. On the Properties palette. Click OK.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 3. Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. Open ADA_Dimensions. By default.

The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 6. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". Click to place. 7. and bottom horizontal walls. s Click OK twice. The Dimension tool is still active. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. Select the top.5. Settings s 107 . left. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Text Size to 3/16".

and far right vertical walls. s s s Select the far left. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. The Dimension tool stays active.Standards and Building Codes . 9. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.8. In this exercise. upper. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . you opened an existing file. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. Close the file without saving. Click to place the dimension. created a new dimension style.

Settings s 109 . place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1. These are annotations. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. There are no annotations visible. Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. Right-click. 3. Notice the door and window tags. and the view window displays the new plan. 2. open the project ADA_New_Sheet.rvt. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise. In the Project Browser. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In order to do this. In the datasets folder.

right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 8. click Project Information. 5. 7. In the Project Browser. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. On the Manage tab.Standards and Building Codes . In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Double-click to open it. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. 6. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets. select or clear the check box of the desired object category.4. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. 1. Settings panel. 9. Click Rename. select Floor Plan: Level 1. Click OK to update the display of this view. Click OK. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV.

2. Settings s 111 . Click OK. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. click Edit. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Click OK. In the Value column of Project Address.) 3. Click New Sheet. or supply your own values: Click OK. Rightclick. 2. 3. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. Enter the address as shown. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information.Add a Sheet 1. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. You can also enter the address of your school. highlight the title block displayed in the list. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet.

5.Standards and Building Codes . Click Apply. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Add a View to the Sheet 1. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. Notice the change to the title block. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.4.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. Next. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. It is automatically filled in when you place your views.

Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Right-click in the view. Click Activate View. Select Add View to Sheet. It is small compared to the size of the sheet. Select Deactivate View. 4. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Right-click. Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Settings s 113 .s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 3. 2. Select the new viewport.

s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. you: select it. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Finish the move. 6. The view updates on the sheet. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes.5.Standards and Building Codes . Place the cursor 7. deselect it. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. Close the file without saving. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. of the sheet. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s Placed a view on the sheet. The Scale updates in the title block. s Added a sheet.

5 title block template opens.5. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder. Settings s 115 . you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. On the application menu. A copy of the 11 x 8. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. It opens to the Recent Files window. Select A-11x8.rft. click New > Titleblock. Start Revit Architecture. 3. 4. This is one of the longer exercises. 2. Click Open. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins).Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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6.

Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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select Drawn By. click Save to save the title block. you created a title block using a template file. s Accept the Sample Value.rfa. 10. click Close. Accept the Sample Value. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 12. On the Quick Access toolbar. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. Add a label for Checked By. Your teacher may specify another location. In this exercise.9. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Accept the Sample Value. 11. Right-click. 15. Add a label for Sheet Number. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. s Click Add. 13. 14.Landscape. On the application menu. Click Zoom to Fit. Accept the Sample Value. Save the title block as A . Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name.

Insert a Title Block 1. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. The title block appears in the graphics window. 4. Highlight the title block and click OK. On the View tab. 2. and then load a custom title block into your project. 5. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. 3. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks. you create a new project file. Click Open. This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. Your title block is now displayed in the list. Settings s 125 . In the Recent Files window. Locate your title block. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. click New to create a new project using the default template.

On the Properties palette. On the Manage tab. enter your instructor's name. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes .rvt in a location determined by your instructor. enter Student Project Unit 3. Settings panel. 5.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. Click OK. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. In this exercise. The parameters on the title block will update as shown. 6. 4. Click Zoom to Fit. 3. enter your name. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . s For Drawn By. s For Checked By. Select the title block. click Project Information. Click OK. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. 2. you a created a new project file.

Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. select Project Template. you define the title block. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . and the units for your custom template. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. On the Insert tab. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. There are various settings you can define for your template. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. 3. In the New Project dialog box. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. click New > Project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. settings. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. in addition to predefined wall types. In this exercise. s Families: Load in families you use most often. including how the rendered image looks. you create a new project file. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. Create a Template In this exercise. and slope angle. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. such as 3D and plan views. angles. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. 2. and then load them like families. On the application menu. 1. Click OK. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. a dimension style. and geometry from the template.

Click the Length field in the Format column. Set the units for the template. Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". click Duplicate.Standards and Building Codes . enter 3/16" Verdana. 7. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 9. Click OK. There will be no visible change. 5. On the Manage tab. You create a custom dimension style. Open the title block A .4. 8. click Settings panel > Project Units. 10. In the Type Properties dialog box. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the Annotate tab.rfa. Next. For Name. 6. Click OK twice.Landscape. create a Dimension Style.

Click OK. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. 12. 14. Click New Sheet. 15.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. Settings s 129 . Click Dimension panel > Aligned. On the Properties palette. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Rightclick. Click OK. select Sheets (All). Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. Select the A .11. In the Project Browser.

you created a new template file using a dimension style. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. You can use this template for future projects.rte.Standards and Building Codes .16. title block. and units that you defined. Save the file name as A-English template. In this exercise. 17. The title block updates. Click OK. as well as dimension style and units. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Save your project template in your class project folder.

s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. or new combinations of existing materials. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. are constantly being developed by the building industry. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 . Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation.STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. abstract format.

False 3. a. S. 1:24 d. True b. UBC c. An architect b. s Create labels. a.Standards and Building Codes . NCSESA 2. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks. and symbols used in drawing? a. General Questions 1. Using AIA Standards.02 d.02 b. A particular physical quantity. a. s Change dimension colors. 1:3 b. s Create a title block. s Create a text style. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". 1:32 5. A unit 4. A. NCTM d. you learned to: s Set units in a file. s Create a dimension style. dimension styles. Metric d. P. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. s Create text. AIA b. A. s Change lineweight. 1:12 c. English c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. s Create dimensions. is defined as what? a.05 c. s Create a template. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value.

Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. Application menu > New > Sheet b. a. True b. you use: a. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. False 4. Application menu > Properties b. True b. a. Point offsets 3. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions. Wall centerlines c. a. dimensions snap to: a. To create a new sheet. False 6. In Revit Architecture.Revit Architecture Questions 1. By default. To set the units in a project. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. False Summary/Questions s 133 . Wall midpoints d. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c. Wall faces b. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. you click: a. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. To change the scale of a view.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

s Align walls. 3. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. 5. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Trim and extend walls. 6. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. you will be able to: s Create a wall. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .Walls About This Unit After completing this unit.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 .

Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. or filling in between. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. After completing this lesson.Walls . 136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . separate. and protect its interior spaces. them. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Describe platform framing and balloon framing. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. List the different types of occupancy. their construction and materials.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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but it disappears when you begin another action. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right. a dashed line displays. the dimension updates incrementally. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. indicating wall length. Click to set the endpoint. After you create the wall. Stud. Expand the Type Selector list. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process. 4. Clear the Chain option. Notice that a temporary dimension displays.Brick on Mtl. Select the Single Line option. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. As you continue to move the cursor. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. Walls s 151 . click it to open an edit field.3. Enter 10. To modify a dimension. an angular dimension displays. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. 5. It will not print.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot.

The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. On the Modify | Walls tab. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. On the View Control Bar. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click to start the next wall. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. The wall does not show any internal detail. click the Detail Level icon. Select panel. 8. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. click Modify to stop placing walls. After setting the vertical wall's direction. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. Press ENTER. click Create Similar. enter 7. This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. 7. Depending on your zoom in the view. the controls may sit on top of one another. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Create panel. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Click the wall.Walls .6.

You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. release the mouse button to set a new length. no matter where you move the cursor. Walls s 153 . Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment. 10. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical.9. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. Click Modify. an alignment line displays. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Also. Because you drew the wall from up to down. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Select the right vertical wall. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Notice that two dimensions display.

Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. When using the Chain option. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Build panel. Repeat. Select the lower vertical wall. On the Home tab. Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Sketch the walls as shown. Right-click. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. click Wall.Walls . Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. thus creating a chain of sketched lines. 14. Select Chain on the Options Bar. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays. 13. the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line.11. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. This is the same as clicking Modify. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. 15. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 12. 16. Click Cancel.

Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. After clicking the second end. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Walls s 155 . Click Create Similar again. Click Modify. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. 17. Save the project as Unit4_walls. Click Zoom to Fit. Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Notice that both upper and lower walls shift.18. Select the Three Point Arc tool. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall. 19. 20.rvt. In this exercise. Clear the Chain option.

This exercise illustrates how to split. Both split walls are shown below. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. you first split the walls at the intersections. trim. 3. Click Modify. You now remove the upper right corner. align. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. The cursor changes to a razor blade. Do the same for the vertical wall. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.rvt from the previous exercise. 2. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split.Walls .Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. 4. Only part of the wall highlights. you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. To do this. and extend walls. fillet. Split Walls 1.

This is how you create rounded wall corners. Modify panel. Enter 5'. Walls s 157 . If you make a mistake. You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. On the Modify | Walls tab. 4. click Undo and repeat the steps. click Create Similar.Fillet Walls 1. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). You can also click the flip control. On the Modify | Wall tab. Click Fillet Arc. click Delete. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Select any wall. 3. select Radius. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. 2. 5. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Create panel. On the Options Bar.

Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. 2. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . The Wall tool is still active. To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align. 3. You align the wall in the next steps. select Basic Wall: Interior . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall.Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately. 1.Walls . Place an interior wall as shown.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line.

The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. You can lock the alignment. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall. Click to create a wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned. The Wall Trim Tool 1.4. such as location lines. clear Chain. Pull the cursor straight up. Walls s 159 . s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. s On the Options Bar. The length is not critical. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection.

Walls . The length is not critical. Select the vertical wall as shown. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border. 4.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 6. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. This will be the border. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. 5. 3. Select the horizontal wall as shown. The walls can cross. 2. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue.

and trim.rvt. Walls s 161 .7. fillet. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls. align. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split. In this exercise.

and vary in cost. 3. In the Project Browser. On the Properties palette. A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building. click Edit Type.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. Select the Exterior wall as shown. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view.Walls . The Modify tool is active by default. 1. 2. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. satisfy different requirements.

When you are finished. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. 7. click Edit in the Structure value field. the wall structure should be as shown. Walls s 163 . s Click Up. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 6. except Core Boundary. To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. 8. enter 8" Insulated Stud. To edit the structure of the wall. s Select Finish 1 [4]. s Click the arrow at the right. Click Insert twice. s Click the number of Layer 3.4. Click OK. 5. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed. For Name. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. has a Function you can edit. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. Every layer of a wall. s Click Down twice. Add two additional layers to the wall. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls.

s Set the Material to Wood . The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1. Modify the Function.Walls .Interior Gypsum Wall Board. select Finishes .Stud Layer. The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.Exterior . 10. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Material. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". s Set the Thickness to 5/8". 12. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. 11. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Click the icon that appears at the right. s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box.9. and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. 13.EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". s Set the Material to Finishes . which displays plan or section views.

You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. From the Detail level list. On the Properties palette. Walls s 165 . Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. select Medium. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. expand the Families branch. 15. Click Apply to update the view. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. In the Project Browser. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. 16.14. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. 17.

You opened an existing file. In this exercise. Right-click 8" Exterior. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. From the Type Selector list. or use the scroll bar at the bottom. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 19. select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. and replaced existing walls using that new definition.18. defined a new wall structure. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Close the file without saving. 20. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project.Walls . Expand Walls > Basic Wall.

The completed exercise Walls s 167 . In this exercise. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. you create and modify vertically compound walls. such as a weatherproof outside surface. 3. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard.rvt. 2. wood rails. You can define a wall type with these elements.Brick on Mtl. a structural mid-section. for example. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. Open ADA_Compound_Wall.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. Select one of the Exterior . The file is in the courseware datasets folder. and a decorated interior surface. The model opens in a 3D view. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. Stud walls as shown.

You can set the sample height to any value. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. in the Structure value field. To split a layer or region horizontally. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 2. into regions. 8. the new regions assume the same material as the original. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. click Edit. or you will lose your changes. 6. You can assign different materials to regions. highlight one of the borders. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. either horizontally or vertically. When you split a layer. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. 1. so all instances of this type change. As indicated in the dialog box title. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. You change the type. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. To define the structure of the wall. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. 7.Walls . 5. To split a layer or region vertically. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. Click Split Region. In this exercise. You can split regions into other regions. Wall structures are Type Properties. If not already expanded. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane.4. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes.

4. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection.3. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. After merge. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Click to split the region into two parts.Brick layer. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits. 2. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. Click to merge the two layers. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . 1. Prehighlight a border between regions. Click to merge them. The upper split disappears. In this case. When you merge regions. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. since both regions are composed of the same layer. Walls s 169 . the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. Click Merge Regions. assign Layer 1. 3.

2. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. The dimension text turns blue. If you set the split offset down from the top. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. s Select the split line. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. After a region is split. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. indicating that it is modifiable. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. Next.Walls . Press ENTER. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table. 1.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. Click again to return to the original position. you assign the material Masonry Brick . s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Click the arrow to observe the behavior. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. 2. To create a new wall layer. 3.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Click Insert. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. In the Edit dialog box. click Modify. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Change the value to 12. the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. Click the temporary dimension text. to the next parallel line. 1. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. 4. instead of down. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. Revit converts the value to 12' 0".

9. because it is now the selected layer. as shown. Modify. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click OK. 8. It immediately highlights in blue. The preview changes appearance. Walls s 171 . Close the file without saving. In this exercise. When a layer is selected in the table. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. All walls of this type have been changed. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry .4. Click OK. 6. Change the Material to Masonry . it highlights in blue in the preview window. 10. It also shows a thickness value. Merge Region. Split Region. and Insert Layer tools. Click Assign Layers. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. 7.Brick Soldier Course. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes.Brick Soldier Course layer. 5. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers.

earth. and protected. piping. They also must resist sideways forces from wind. s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. installed.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. ducting. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. and insulation.Walls . or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. the ventilation. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. the view. Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Custom types and sizes can also be built.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows. but also the natural lighting. and the amount of space you have inside your building. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Doors and Windows .Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). About Doors and Windows s 185 . and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code.Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

The height can be no less than 24". 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . ft. the width can be no less than 20".7 sq. if there is no other escape route.Doors and Windows .An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. must be provided by the window being used as an egress. An unobstructed opening of 5. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor.

s Copy windows. and copy these elements. and math standards. s Center a door in a wall. Some families are loaded into each empty file. windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. engineering. move. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Components such as doors. Math (STEM). and how to position. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. and Language Arts. Doors and Windows s 187 . In this unit. how to load additional door and window families. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to science. and furniture are defined in family files. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. technology.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you learn how to place doors and windows.

3. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Build panel.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.Doors and Windows . To reverse the swing. or 3D view. In other words. 2. the door swing would be to the left side. elevation view. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. Add Doors 1. This can be done in a plan view. When placing doors in a plan view. To flip the door. Once a door is placed. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. On the Home tab. click Door. you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.

rfa. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. In order to keep file size small. click Load Family. Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. walls. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Doors and Windows s 189 . Select the door Double-Panel 2. Mode panel. and windows into project files. 2. With the Door command active. From the Type Selector list. Click Open. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. except for the Type Selector. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. The display does not change. 3.Load Families 1.

If necessary. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . From the Type Selector. 5. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.4. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown.Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84".

you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Remember. To Doors and Windows s 191 . You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.6. If you place a door in the wrong location. simply click it and enter the correct value. or by using the swing control arrows. change a temporary dimension. Place instances of single doors as shown. Do not add the dimensions. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.

rvt.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .7.

click Modify and select the window. To reverse the window after performing another operation. On the Home tab. To face the outside of the window to the other side. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. From the Type Selector. 2.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. click Window. the outside of the window is to the left side. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. When placing windows in a plan view. Add Windows 1. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. Build panel. You can place windows in a plan view.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Open Unit5_doors. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption. approach the wall from the right side. Windows have exterior and interior sides. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall. then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. or 3D view. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. elevation view. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected.

The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. In this exercise. placed doors. You do not need to add dimensions. 5. loaded a door family.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows.rvt. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown. you opened an existing project. Window tags do not number in sequence.3. 4. and placed windows. 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Place seven more windows as shown. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number.

s Align and modify walls.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. window. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. wall. click Aligned. and so on. and modify the wall. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. Dimension panel. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. 3. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. place a door. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 .rvt. constrain it to be centered in a wall. 2. On the Annotate tab. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. you open an existing project file. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. 4. 1. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted.

The walls are now aligned. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click the lock icon to enable it. The door changes location. 5. 2. Select the upper wall first. Click the center of the door. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. the other wall will remain aligned. Notice the symbol.Doors and Windows . Align Walls 1. Click the right wall. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.s s s s Click the left wall. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. Click it and it changes as shown. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered. 6. This means that if one wall shifts.

Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. 5.) The dimension value is now shown. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Doors and Windows s 197 . Dimensions display below it. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units.4. 3. Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ. Change the dimension to 16. The walls shift and remain aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Right-click. Clear the EQ Display value.

You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 7.rvt. Right-click. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Click Zoom to Fit. In this exercise. you placed a continuous dimension.6.

4. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. especially if there are many different types. In this exercise. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. click Create Similar.Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. 2. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. On the Modify | Windows tab. Create panel. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. 1. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building.rvt. Doors and Windows s 199 .

3. Select the window you just placed. 2. The window is copied.Doors and Windows .Copy Windows 1. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Copy. 4. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Modify panel. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection.

you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Right-click. In this exercise. 6. Doors and Windows s 201 .rvt. Click Zoom to Fit.5. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows.

cold. The stability of glass in response to wind. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings.Doors and Windows . heat. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. flat glass is a recent invention.

s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. s Place a window. General Questions 1. 36" c. 34" 4. 32" b. s Align a door or window. 30" c. True b. you learned to: s Place doors.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 28" b. False 2. 40" d. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. If a room is used for sleeping. Standard b. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. s Copy a door or window. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. Custom 3. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . a. s Position a door or window. 32" d. a.

To change the swing direction of a door: a.Doors and Windows . Door and window tags are placed automatically. you use: a. b. you: a. Properties 3. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. False 5. 6. Click Modify > Flip Direction. Load from Library b. Select the door. Insert d. a. 4. Copy 8. c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. True b. A reference plane b. Right-click. b. d. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. To center a door or window in a wall. a. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. True b. you use ________. True b. Offset c. Link c. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. d. Clone b. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. Select the door. Use door grips to reposition. Load c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Select the door. Click Flip Direction. a. a. False 2. a. c. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Select the door. Click Door Properties. Click Door Properties. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . The center snap 7. To change the location of a door or window. Duplicate d.

s Create railings.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . 2. 5. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. Review stairs and railings. 6. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Modify stair boundaries. (Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Evaluate students. 3. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit.

206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . After completing this lesson. stair and railing types.Stairs and Railings .About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. List the different stair types. Describe the formulas for stair calculation. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings.

Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to technology. Engineering. Math (STEM). engineering. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . and math standards. Technology. and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair.

208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings .

About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Once the actual riser height is determined. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Then. the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.

such as ice and snow. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions.The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.Stairs and Railings . 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.

Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . This saves space when changing direction. Due to building code.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.

Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.

Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width.Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 213 . s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".

11" maximum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required. s Riser height: 4" minimum.Stairs and Railings . Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". About Stairs and Railings s 215 . Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4". s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. but not more than 2".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4".

of certain horizontal depth or run. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. For safety reasons.Stairs and Railings . you will be able to: s Create stairs. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. and math standards. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . engineering. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. U-shaped stairs. s Modify stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. You can define straight runs. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. Technology. and Language Arts.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. This lesson relates to technology. In multistory buildings. As you move the cursor. Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. and spiral stairs. ramps. Engineering. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. s Add a railing. or tread. L-shaped runs with a landing. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. The riser and run values update accordingly. which includes elevators. and stairs. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. or vertical circulation. You create stairs in a plan view. you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise).

open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.rvt. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. This enables you to place the stairs properly. Stairs and Railings s 217 . you create stairs using a straight run. 3. From the courseware datasets folder.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. Before you create the stairs. On the Properties palette. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. This file is in metric units. Zoom in Region to the lobby.

On the Home tab. In this case. you create a straight run. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . These tools are used to define your stairs. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools.4.Stairs and Railings . 5. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. click Stairs. The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Circulation panel. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. Run is preselected. Click OK to close the dialog box. You can define either a straight run or a circular run.

Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. As you move the cursor up. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Select this intersection point to start your run. 7. and then click to define the run of stairs. 9. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs. select Finish (green check). You can also enter a distance of 4400. On the Mode panel. click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400.6. 8. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Revit displays the number of risers you created. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. 10. To change the run dimension. If you have not fully created the run. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions. You can continue to move the cursor up. the run footprint stops expanding. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create.

You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout. 12. 13. and switched to a 3D view. click application menu > Save As > Project. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. In this exercise. Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor.11. To avoid overwriting the original file. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. you created and placed a straight run stair.Stairs and Railings . Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress.rvt. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. The stair is not centered on the landing. On the Modify tab. Stairs and Railings s 221 . Edit panel. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. Activate view Floor Plans. The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties. 2.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick.rvt. click Align. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Level 1. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress.

You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. from the Prefer list. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5.Stairs and Railings . On the Options Bar. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Click the center of the stairs. select Wall centerlines. which is located at the center of the stairs. Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Take time to make the selections correctly. The Align command remains active. Click the center of the wall first. You can rotate your model to get a better view. You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.4. If you have a scroll mouse.

9. s For Name. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. Graphics. expand Sections (Building Section). On the Properties palette. As you prehighlight them. In the Project Browser. enter Lobby Stairs. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . 7. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. On the Properties palette. Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. railings were created with the stairs. s Click OK. Select the stairs. Change Width to 1350. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. and Dimensions subsections. Hover the cursor over the railing. click Edit Type. s Click Duplicate.6. 8.

10. Select both railings. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. Lobby Stair View. Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration. 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see.Cherry s s Click Modify. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items. Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes .Stairs and Railings .Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood .

Mode panel. The railings change. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. Next. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. s Zoom in on the stairs. and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. In the Type Selector. 13. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line. Click it to select it. s Select the stairs (not a railing). Delete this line. The stair changes to the run sketch. Stairs and Railings s 225 . 14. click Edit Sketch. you change the shape of the stairs. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project.12. s On the Modify | Stairs tab.

Click StartEnd-Radius arc. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. s Select the arc boundary you just created. To place the second arc endpoint. 19. 18. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. click Boundary.15. click the left end of the top riser. s On the Modify panel. 16.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the arc. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. On the Draw panel. 17. Click Modify. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.

select the endpoint of the left boundary. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. click Riser. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. select the endpoint of the right boundary. 20. the arc center point.21. On the Draw panel. Click CenterEnds-Arc. Click to exit the Mirror command. For the third point. The left boundary will be mirrored. This will define a rounded first step. Stairs and Railings s 227 . Next. First.

you modified stair properties and boundaries.rvt. On the Mode panel.22. click Finish.Stairs and Railings . 23. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the {3D} view to see the results. Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . In this exercise. You also modified the properties of a railing.

you need to define a path for the railing. place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it.rvt from the previous exercise. This is typically done in plan view. you add a railing to a second floor landing. 2. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Click Modify. Therefore. 3. Select the right side railing. Stairs and Railings s 229 . Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Open the Level 2 floor plan view. For simple railings.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. In this case. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. Zoom into the landing area as shown. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. you sketch the plan view path. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. The completed exercise To create a railing.

230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. Once the railing is selected. edit the temporary dimension. Mode panel. 6. Then. The dimensions are shown as a guide. You do not need to add dimensions. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. click Line.4. On the Draw panel. 5. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. s s On the Options Bar. Select Finish to exit the railing definition.Stairs and Railings . To set the exact distance. on the Modify | Railings tab. click Edit Path. select Chain. Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. 7.

Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Stairs and Railings s 231 . 8. you used sketch tools to create a railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. Delete your lines and try again. Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching.rvt. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. 9. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. In this exercise.

you create a reference plane. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. the stairs appear as a U-shape.rvt from the previous exercise. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters. In this exercise. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. set the Offset value to 850. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. In a floor plan view. s On the Home tab. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. Create a Reference Plane 1. s On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. Work Plane panel. 2. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below.

Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . On the Home tab. enter Exit Stairs. Matte 2. To start sketching the run. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type.s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. 4. 5. On the Properties palette. Circulation panel. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. Click Edit Type. click Stairs. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. Click OK twice. Pull the cursor straight up. change the Width parameter to 900. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. Stairs and Railings s 233 . 3. For Name. 6. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click OK. Dark Gray. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw.

If you have trouble making the correct distance display. Press ENTER. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers. Click to place the first run. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. enter 1925. 234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . 9. with none remaining to be created. Click to finish the stair run. 8. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Move the pointer to the right.7.

it is because you have overlapping lines. Use Hide/Isolate 1. you select Continue to return the sketch. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. click Finish Stairs. To remove the lines. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. On the View Control bar. 11. You want to inspect your stairs. 2. Click Finish Stairs again.10. Stairs and Railings s 235 . Select the two walls of the stair tower. but they are hidden behind walls. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. You temporarily hide the walls in the view. Remove the additional lines. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the Stairs panel. If you get an error message. click 3D View to view your model in 3D.

Stairs and Railings . 6.rvt. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. Reset the Display 1. On the Properties palette. and to create a U-shaped stair. 4. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. The walls are now hidden. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. On the View Control Bar. In this exercise.3. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. This is a multistory stair. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. you learned to create a reference plane. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. Zoom in to see your stairs. Finally. Select the stairs so they highlight. 3. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3. The exterior walls reappear. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 5. 2.

escalators.STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. STEM Connections s 237 . ramps. and elevators.

Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less. this openness makes them fire hazards. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. and deliver riders without wait time.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. but they can also be highly decorative. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. They cost less. Include landings as required by your local building code. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . smoke guards.

32" c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. a. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. True b. 90 degrees d. and all treads should be the same run. General Questions 1. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. 45 degrees c. 180 degrees 3. a. True b. 40" 4. False Summary/Questions s 239 . False 2. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. a. 25 degrees b. s Create railings. s Modify stair boundaries. you learned to: s Create stairs. b. 36" d. 30" b.

Arc d. Pick New Host b. Run.Stairs and Railings . The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. To create railings on stairs without railings. a. False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Railings. False 6. Boundary lines. Home b. risers b. Align Railing d. risers and treads. riser lines c. riser d. Rectangle c. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. True b. you use the _______ option. Fasten Railing 5. risers 3. a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. Line b. Manage d. Modify c. True b. a. Circle 4. Treads. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. Insert 2. Attach Railing c. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. that is. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1.

you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 10. (Student) 11. Lesson Plan 1.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 3. Evaluate Students. (Student) 4. (Discussion) 2. (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia. (Student) 6. s Place gutters. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Place fascia. s Define a roof structure.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) 7. Review of roof types. (Student) 8.

you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. gutters. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . It addresses roof construction. and downspouts. The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. run. Identify the different roof types. A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. tiles.Roofs . and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. After completing this lesson.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs. and pitch of a sloped roof. Calculate the rise. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs.

About Roofs s 243 .Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. and Language Arts. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. To review the list of standards for each lesson. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. Technology. Math (STEM). Engineering. s Rake: The inclined. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. engineering. and math standards. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. This lesson relates to science.

244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

These are used more often on upscale homes. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. maintenance. texture. brands. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. and if visible. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. are designed for shedding water and snow. the roofing pattern. rot. resulting in at least one textured face. resistance to wind and fire. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. and sunlight. texture. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. the roofing pattern. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. even grain and are naturally resistant to water. and if visible. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. durability. fire-resistant. and sun. resistance to wind and fire. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. They are easy to install and require low maintenance. and color. maintenance. snow. and colors.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. durability. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. both low and steep. Sloped roofs. About Roofs s 245 . You can use them for many different applications. and low maintenance roofing material. and color. They come in several types. as well as how effective a shelter it is.

choose a type that will suit your needs. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. odor. Therefore. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. quality.Roofs . or corrugated structural glass. reinforced plastic. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. and require little maintenance. zinc alloy. Unfortunately. and so forth). galvanized steel. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. special characteristics (for example. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. and insulating capability (R-value). fiberglass. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. galvanized steel. When choosing the insulation for your job. They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. They are fire-resistant. durable. consider such factors as cost. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges. treatment for insects. Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. This same roof on a clear. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. The slope usually leads to interior drains. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space.

the requirements for underlayment. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions.Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. eave flashing.Roofs . Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse.

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs . 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.

The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.

Many barns use gambrel roofs. These are commonly used in French-style houses. Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Roofs .Shed One basic face with a slope. Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top.

where as.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. and span. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope. rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . A number indicates the value of the rise. The run value is typically equal to 12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. but the two sides are not symmetrical. run.

7 to 12.Roofs . Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. 7 on 12. try to specify standard roof pitch. and pitch is noted as a fraction.When designing a roof. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7-12. 7 and 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise.

Roofs s 255 . and fascia. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. often supporting a gutter. that convey rainwater to drains. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. s Assign roof structure and materials. Once you create a roof. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. you can add gutters. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. s Place gutters. or eaves. snow. you work with massing shapes and not building components. s Create various roof types. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. soffits. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. dormers. or roof overhangs. you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. or ice. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. To create a roof by the extrusion method.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. To create a roof by face. s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. water. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. s Create a hip roof. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. s Create a roof fascia. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof.

and math standards. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. technology. and Language Arts. 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Engineering. engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Roofs .Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Technology. This lesson relates to science.

. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. 2. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. the top of the roof profile is sketched. In the Work Plane dialog box. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 .Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle.rvt. 4. and then extruded by applying a thickness value. you create an extruded roof. To create an extruded roof. 3. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. Open ADA_Roofs. select the Name option. Click OK to continue.

4. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. In the Go To View dialog box. On the Work Plane panel. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Line. Click Open View. 3. click Ref Plane. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box.Roofs . Drawing Reference Planes 1. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. 6. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar.5. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. Before sketching the roof's profile. The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. 2. s Use the image below for guidance. select Section: Section 1. Draw panel. The section view should display as shown. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0". A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined.

Using the image below for guidance. s Click the EQ toggle. sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2.6. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. Roofs s 259 . sketch from right to left along the Level line. Using a positive offset value. s Select the new dimension. 5. s Click Modify. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls.

6. 1. click Chain. Right-click. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 5. click Line. you can label them. Click OK. 4. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. s On the Options Bar. enter Horizontal. for Name. To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel.Roofs . On the Mode panel. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane. 7.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. 2. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. On the Properties palette. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. Click Modify. 3. click Finish (green check).

Switch to a 3D view. Revit creates the roof using the Generic . Roofs s 261 .8.12" type. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. 9.

Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. 1. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Modify tab. Select the edge of the roof as shown. This is a two-step process. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Using the images for guidance. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 3. Edit Geometry panel. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 2. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. carefully select the far right roof edge. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.Roofs .

However. open the view Sections: Section 1. Select both walls. select Attach Wall: Top. This will join the wall tops to the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. Roofs s 263 .4. 2. On the Options Bar. To select both walls together. In the Project Browser. The roof is now trimmed on both sides. On the Modify Wall panel. Trim Walls 1. Select the roof. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. 3.

s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 5.Roofs . The roof now looks correct. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. Switch to a 3D view.rvt. In this exercise.

Click Yes. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. so you look straight down as in a plan. Because you are in a 3D view. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline. Unit7_first_roof. Build panel. you create a gable roof using a footprint. From the drop-down list. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. by Footprint. The inner loops define openings in the roof. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. You draw the footprint using sketching tools.rvt. 4. from existing walls. In this exercise. The footprint sketch is created at 2. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. 1. On the Home tab. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. a dialog box is displayed. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . select Garage Roof. 3.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof.

clear the Defines slope option. Next. 7. s On Options Bar. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . 8. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . If you place a line on the wrong side. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. select the vertical wall on the left. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. Use the image below for guidance.0".5.Roofs . click Pick Walls. 6. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. click Defines Slope.

defining lines separately. The new roof displays. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it. click Finish. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. It becomes an editable field. click Yes. change the value to 6"/12". Click Modify. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. To complete the roof. Change this value to 6"/12". Other controls also display. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 3. That value displays next to the slope arrow. 1. 2. By default. When a roof line is set to slope defining. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope. Roofs s 267 . Select the left slope defining line. Select the right side roof line. Click the 9"/12" text. roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run.

Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise.Roofs .rvt. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope. 5.4.

Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. 4. Roofs s 269 . click to select them.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise. To chain-select all of the walls.rvt. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Clear Defines Slope. The file opens to a 3D view. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls. 3. 2. On Home tab. On the Options Bar. set the overhang to 1' 0". The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. When all of the walls prehighlight. you create a gable roof using a footprint. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Build panel. click Roof > Roof by Footprint.

Roofs . 3. Zoom into the chimney area. click Rectangle. As an alternate. 2.Create a Roof Opening 1. Right-click. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. Using the image for guidance. 4. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . On the Draw panel. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. On the Options Bar. verify the 0' 0" Offset.

Select the uppermost. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof.Add Slope Lines 1. As in the previous exercise. horizontal line. select Defines Slope. Click Finish. 3. The slope indicator displays. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 4. On the Options Bar. 6. Roofs s 271 . Select the left lower horizontal line. select the Defines Slope. Click Modify. click Yes. 5. 2. On the Options Bar.

Save the file as Unit7_third_roof.Roofs .rvt. attached walls. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .7. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. In this exercise. you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines. and chimney penetration. 8.

Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. On the Options Bar. 2. Select Defines Slope.rvt. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. 3. 4. Roofs s 273 . Create the Roof 1. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Select the three walls shown in the image.Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. set Overhang to 2' .0". 5. The completed exercise On the Home tab. you create a hip roof. Zoom into the area shown. The file should open to a 3D view. Build panel.

6. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. click Line. Raise the Roof 1.7.Roofs . 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D View.0". Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. 3. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. Click OK. 2. Right-click the ViewCube. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch. s s Clear Defines Slope. On the Properties palette. In addition. Click Finish to complete the roof. To close the roof sketch. you use the Line tool. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . s On the Draw panel.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. Roofs s 275 . The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. Select the edge of the hip roof first.Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .2.Roofs . In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof. you created a hip roof using a footprint.rvt. and then joined it to a wall.

Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Roofs s 277 . 6. On the Draw panel. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. you create a shed roof using the footprint method.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. click Pick Walls. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". Clear Defines Slope. 5. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint.rvt. click Line. 4. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. Create a Shed Roof 1. The file should open to a 3D view. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. 7. 2. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown. 3.

Click Modify. Set the Offset to 0' 0". 13. 12. 9. On the Properties palette. horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Toggle Slope Defining. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". Right-click the line. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Set the Slope to 6" / 12".Roofs . Select the lower. 11. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. 10.8. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile.

Roofs s 279 . When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 17.rvt. Save as Unit7_shed_roof. Finish the Roof. 15. Switch to a 3D view.14. 18. In this exercise. 16. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. click Yes.

rvt. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 2. The roof updates. Select the Roof. select Level 3. 4. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. On the Properties palette.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Activate the view North Elevation. On the menu bar. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Open ADA_Mansard_Roof.Roofs . Cutoff Level list. 5. 3. Open the Default 3D view. You see four levels defined in the model. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3.

7. Switch to a 3D View.rvt. In this exercise. 10. Finish the Roof. on the Properties palette. Select the inner rectangle as shown. To set the slope for the new roof. 13. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. On the Draw panel. 12. Zoom and spin to see your model. On the Options Bar. set the slope value to 3"/12". On the Home tab.6. select Defines Slope. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. 8. 11. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 9. Roofs s 281 . click Pick Lines.

1. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. thereby reducing energy consumption. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. 2. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall. Select the main roof over the house. The file should open to a 3D view. In the Type Selector.Roofs .rvt. 3.

Roofs s 283 . click Edit Type. 4. 3.Define a Roof Structure 1. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. s Click OK. For Name. Select Layer 2 as shown. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. It is a generic roof type. For Structure Value. click Duplicate. 5. click Edit. 2. Click Insert to add a layer. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. enter Clay Tile. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1]. Select the roof over the garage.

The garage roof displays a pattern. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Click OK. Click OK twice. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.rvt. 7. select Model. click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. In this exercise. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6". 6. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. 8. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".Roofs .s s s In the Materials dialog box.

open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up. On the Insert tab.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. 4. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. Roofs s 285 . On the Home tab. to support a gutter. click Roof > Fascia. In this exercise. click Load From Library panel > Load Family.rvt. In the Open dialog box. 2.rfa. you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. or for decoration. Click Open. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. 3.

enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. For Name.5. Click Duplicate. click Edit Type. In the Type Properties dialog box. for Profile. s Click OK to exit the dialog box. 6. Matte. Click OK. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8. Set the Material value to Metal . To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .Paint Finish Ivory.

rvt. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 .8. 9. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. you defined and applied a roof fascia. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.

under Profile parameter. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Roofs . 3. you add gutters to a building. 2. click Edit Type.rvt. so as not to detract from the design of the building. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. For Name. The file should open to a 3D view. enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. click Roof > Gutter. Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. 5. Click OK. select Gutter . select Metal Aluminum. s Click Duplicate. Place Gutters In this exercise. The completed exercise 4. Under Material parameter. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette.Bevel: 5" x 5". 6. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. 288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. On the Home tab. 1.

If you click the interior face. Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. 10. Roofs s 289 . the gutter displays on the wrong side. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Segments will clean up at corners. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments.7. 11.rvt. 9. In this exercise. you attached gutters to a roof. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary. 8.

water. s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs . and cold.STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind. heat.

s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses. s Using your own house. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them.

What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Hip c. High d. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles. s Place fascia. True b. a. Medium c. a. General Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. None of the above 3. a. Gambrel d.Roofs . Gable b. Shed 4. the run is always 12. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. s Define a roof structure. Low b. True b. s Place gutters. When referring to roof slope. False 2.

To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. True b. Expand/Contract 6. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. Change the direction of the roof. c. profile 2. Create an opening. Face 3. Defines Slope c. d. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. Cut/Lengthen c. a. Create Slope d. extrusion. 10. Slope c. False 5. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. Footprint b. Sketch. lines c. pick d. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. face b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. SHIFT c. Change the direction of the slope. Activate Slope 9. True b. a. True b. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. Extrusion d. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Footprint. Roofs can be created using ______. ENTER 4. a. sketch. a. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Sketch c. Trim/Extend b. profile. a. TAB b. False 7. Walls. Footprint. a. Turn slopes on or off. extrusion. Add Slope b. b. ______ or _______. place a check mark next to: a. a. Walls d. To add a slope to a roofline. DEL d. you use: a. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. A compound roof contains layers. Material 8. Footprint b.

Roofs .294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. s Create material annotations. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create a section view. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. s Create filled regions. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Lesson Plan 1. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 .

About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and special equipment. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. In a commercial structure. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. floor. In a residential building. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements. and tool racks. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations. Sections are used to examine the roof. Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. After completing this lesson. the location of special equipment. the kitchen. Elevations are derived from the floor plan.Sections and Elevations . cabinetry. bathrooms.

Engineering. Technology. and Language Arts. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. engineering.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. technology. and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. Math (STEM).

framing. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption.Sections and Elevations . and foundation plans. s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. s Section lines need not be entirely straight. and are properly cross-referenced. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. on the long axis of the building. across its narrower dimension. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values.s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. s Vertical transportation method (stairs). t Cross or transverse sections.

unnecessary. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details. full. About Sections and Elevations s 299 .Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. partial. Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details.

Sections and Elevations . 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction.

About Sections and Elevations s 301 .Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area.

s The position relationship between different elements. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . it is acceptable to decrease the scale.Sections and Elevations .Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds. View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. such as doors and windows. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines). For larger elevations. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules.

and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. Unnecessary Information Shades. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. cars. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. For siding. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. and so forth. For a wood structure. For example. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. The size of the object is listed first. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. South. East. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. Therefore. the surface covering and underlayment is notated.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. the titles assigned (North. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials." Mfr. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. this is reversed. and then the name of the material. bushes. With interior elevations. You may. quantity. and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. people. shadows. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. or methods of installation. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. however.

finished floor-to-ceiling heights. coving. doors and direction of door swings. shelf arrangements. It may have curves. Molding is usually made of plaster. or linoleum) and the wall. wood. windows. flush overlay. and lip. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. and special equipment such as toilets. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0". 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. and materials used. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. casements. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. chamfers. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. tile. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. Hinges are concealed. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. and types of finish materials used. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. This is more costly than regular overlay. This is usually done using a topset. doors. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. which is a formed pressboard. It can also be used around doorways and windows. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. or a baseboard. The trim is usually glued into place. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. or decorative patterns. dishwashers. or MDF. This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. and other appliances. other openings. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling.Sections and Elevations . distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Molding is normally decorative in nature. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet.

s Change the section head. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Create and add notes to a detail section. and a section symbol on all plans. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. which you can then add to a sheet. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . you will be able to: s Create a new section view. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. This automatically creates the section view in the model.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. s Add slope annotations. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create an interior elevation.

This lesson relates to science. like an elevation. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model. but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. and Language Arts. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. Once created.Sections and Elevations . The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. engineering. and math standards. Engineering. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . technology. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. To review the list of standards for each lesson. A section is a horizontal view. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM).

elevation. or other section view. Sections and Elevations s 307 . For example. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. provided its crop region intersects the view. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off.

308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . When you create a section view. the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. By resizing the crop region. it includes a crop region to resize the view. you can more closely control what displays in the section view.Sections and Elevations . Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

tracing over the existing elements. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. s Add breaklines as needed. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. Slope is also referred to as pitch. which is spoken as 2 in 12. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. In the example shown. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. the slope of this roof is 2:12. Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. In a set of construction documents. Once you create the detail section. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. s Add structural details. s Add detail notes. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. So. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. such as anchor bolts and siding. Details are crucial for effective construction. The number indicates the value of the rise and run. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. The slope is the ratio rise:run. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise.

The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof.

Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR.rvt. 4. 2. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Create a Section View 1. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". click Section. The file opens to a 3D view. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. On the View tab. Sections and Elevations s 311 . The Section command is available from the View tab. 3. Open the file ADA_Sections. Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Create panel.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. The completed exercise 6.

The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. With the section line selected. On the Properties palette. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. and it has control grips to resize it. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. Section Properties 1. The actual location is not critical. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth.Sections and Elevations . 2. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. This is called the crop region. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane. 3. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop.

Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. In the Properties palette. 8. The section view updates. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. Clear Crop Region Visible.rvt. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue). The view is listed in your Project Browser. When you drew the section line. 6. Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10. Sections and Elevations s 313 .4. 5. you automatically created a section view. 7.

5. 6. In this exercise. On the Insert tab. In the Type Properties dialog box. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view. For Name. 3. click Additional Settings > Section Tags. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. click Duplicate.Filled. 4. Click OK. enter Open Arrow. Several section head families are available. 7. On the Manage tab.1 point Filled.rfa. click Load Family. Section Head . The view does not change. Load from Library panel. Select Section Head-Open. Settings panel. 2. you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line.No Arrow. They include Section Head .rvt.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations.Sections and Elevations . and Section Head . Click Open to load the family.

Click OK.Open. 9. 10. In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 315 . The section head updates to the new head type. 11. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. select Open Arrow. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet. Save as Unit8_section_open. Click Duplicate. select Section Head .8. For Name. Click OK. On the Properties palette. Select the section line. 14. For Section Head. 13. click Edit Type. 12. enter Open Arrow.rvt. In the Section Tag field.

On the Options Bar. This is a building section. 5. 2. Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1. you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. Use the image below for guidance. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. 3. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. select the border of the callout. 4.Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. To reposition the callout head. On the View tab. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". click Callout. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. Create panel. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 6.rvt.Sections and Elevations . Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it.

and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. On the Annotate tab. region patterns. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. You can add detail lines. select Chain. 3. On the Options Bar. Detail panel. as shown. click Region > Filled Region. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. 2. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Line is selected automatically. 8. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall.rvt. detail components. On the Draw panel. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. On the Properties palette. but not strongly.7. Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. 1. 4.

Click Modify. enter Earth. On the Properties palette. 7. click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. Click OK. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . 6. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item.5. For Name. Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. Select the upper and right side lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

8. 1. Detail panel. 9. From the Fill Pattern list. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. If you zoom in closer. click Load Family. Select Nominal Cut Lumber . select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Detail panel. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the filled region may appear as solid fill. On the Annotate tab. select Finish (green check). Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern.Section. Sections and Elevations s 319 . click Component > Detail Component. On the Mode panel.rfa. On the Place Detail Component tab. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. 3. Click Open. 2. the pattern becomes visible. Click OK.

Click OK. In the Specify Types dialog box. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10. From the Type Selector. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position.4. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10.Sections and Elevations . 5. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees.

8. 7. Add another Detail Component. Using the image below for guidance. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. From the Type Selector. Move it after placement if necessary. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. From the Type Selector list. select Plywood. Sections and Elevations s 321 . add a second copy of the 2 x 10.6.

Place the component similarly to the image below. You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. This component represents the subflooring. select anchor bolt. Use the image below for guidance. On the Properties palette.9. The exact vertical placement is not critical.Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. 11. Click Modify. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 12. Click Component > Detail Component. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. set the Thickness to 3/4". Select the vertical plywood. 10.

14. Use the image below for guidance. Add another Detail Component. Click Modify. Sections and Elevations s 323 . Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. From the Type Selector. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. On the Options Bar. select Lap Siding. select Copy. select Multiple.13. On the Modify panel of the context tab.

Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding.15. Detail panel. Start at the end of the siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Save the file. 16. From the Line Style Selector. click Detail Line. Add Detail Lines 1. 2. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated. On the Annotate tab. select Wide Lines.

Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. 4. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel.3. Zoom out. Still using Wide Lines. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high.

8. On the Annotate tab. 7. Click Edit in the Structure field. Right-click. Click Modify. select the Material field in row 3. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .6. 2. identified as Wall material 1. Save the file. Select the wall so it highlights. The wall display updates. Next.Sections and Elevations . Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. 9. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Detail panel. 10. Add Insulation 1. click Insulation. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. you show the gypsum board in the wall. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list.

select Break Line. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. Your view should resemble the image shown. Sections and Elevations s 327 . click Component > Detail Component. From the Type Selector. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. Detail panel. 3. On the Annotate tab.2.

328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you created a detail section view and added filled regions. Place the breakline as shown. 7. The view should resemble the image shown. Click Zoom to Fit. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. In this exercise. Select the edge of the view (the crop region). You place another breakline. 6. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Save the file.4. To complete the detail. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. and detail components to it. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing.Sections and Elevations . The Detail Component tool is still active. 5. detail lines.

The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill. 3. or methods of installation. To add notes. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise.Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). weatherproofing. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. and ventilation methods in construction documents. The size of the object is listed first. 1. With nothing selected in the view. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 . The border around the view will disappear. the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible.rvt. quantity. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. s Clear Annotation Crop. 2.

R13. Text panel. leader arrow as shown. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. On the Annotate tab. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . 10. 8. On the Format panel.4. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. 9.4" WEATHERING. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 5.Sections and Elevations . Architectural standards favor aligned notation. click Two Segments. 12. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. From the Type list. 6. click Text. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. Move the pointer up 11. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. insulation. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. As you pull your cursor to the right. 7. Finally.

Start the next text at the floorboard.C. Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. Start the next text at the interior wall. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. O. Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. is an acronym for On Center. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. or wood treated with preservative against rot. 15. 14. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove.C. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Start the next text at the baseboard. . as the second line of text. 20. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard.C. 19. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. 18. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.TYPE X.13. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. 17..C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard. 16. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Click off the text to finish the entry.. Enter 5/8" GWB .

21. 23.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Click Zoom to Fit. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. In this exercise. Note: CONC signifies concrete. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS.. Click Modify. Click ENTER to start a second line.Sections and Elevations .Note: GALV signifies galvanized. 22. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

5. Locate the A-Landscape. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Project Browser. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 2. section. highlight Sheets.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Right-click. Click New Sheet.rvt. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. or elevation view. and locate the detail view on it. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. 4. Highlight your title block. click Load. 6. Sections and Elevations s 333 . you will want to add the views to a sheet. In this exercise. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Click Open. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1. 3. The new sheet becomes the current view. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box.

Drag it to the right. Select a Level Line. On the View Control Bar.Sections and Elevations . click Hide Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together. close to the crop border. On the View Control Bar. click Show Crop Region. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In the Project Browser. 8. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. select view Detail at Foundation. Click the control at its left end. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 9.7.

10. highlight the new sheet. For Number. s Modified the label values in the title block. In the Project Browser. Right-click. For Name. you: s Created a new sheet. 11. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. In this exercise. enter S.rvt. Sections and Elevations s 335 . Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. Click OK. 13.301. Click Zoom to Fit. Click Rename. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed. 12.

Sections and Elevations . You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. 4. east. Select Elevations. Open ADA_Elevations.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. south. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Click OK. Click the Annotations tab. It is defined by the green dotted line. s Set the display for building components as needed. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed. 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. and west. When you create a project with a template. s Add any necessary dimensions. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. 3. four elevation views are included: north. 2. 2. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. s Add material notes. s Add slope indication for roof.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. 5. The elevation markers are now visible. 6.

On the View Control Bar. 3. Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. clear Planting.2. 4. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. On the Modelling tab. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Switch to an Elevation View 1. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. Next. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Sections. 5. Click OK to exit the dialog box. On the Annotations tab.

Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. click to open the list. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. 9. Select Sand. modified its display. you activated an elevation view.Sections and Elevations . 8. 13. click Edit Type.rvt. Click Zoom to Fit. In Surface Pattern. It will be identified as Condo . and modified the wall display characteristics. 11. Select the wall. Click the button that displays to select a material. select Edit in the Structure field.7. 12. Save the file as Unit8_elevation. On the Properties palette.Exterior Stucco. Select the Material field for Layer 1. In this exercise. In the Type Properties dialog box.

4.rvt. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Set the Leader type to One Segment. 3. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text.Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. In the Type Selector. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. quantity. Enter TX. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. Add a note for the foundation. Sections and Elevations s 339 . you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. 2. 5. The size of the object is listed first. Add a note for the stone wall. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. or methods of installation.

you added text notes to your exterior elevation. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the brick wall. 8.rvt.6. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 9. Add a note for the roof.Sections and Elevations . In this exercise. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 7.

On the Options Bar.rvt. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. On the Annotate tab. 2. 4. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. Click to select the roof line. Click again to locate the slope indicator. click Spot Slope. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch. 1. For Offset from Reference. 5. enter 1/8". select Triangle. 6. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation. Dimension panel. 3.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. Sections and Elevations s 341 . from the Slope Representation list.

9. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Modify. 10. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. On the Annotate tab. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.7.Sections and Elevations . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Dimension panel. Click to locate the slope indicator. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. 11. click Aligned. Click to select the roof line.

Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. select wall breaks and levels. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions. 13. To create a continuous dimension as shown. and dimensions for clarity. leaders. Arrange notes. and vertical dimensions.rvt.12. In this exercise. slope indicators. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. The west elevation now contains material notes. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Sections and Elevations s 343 . 14.

344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. special closets. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 3. In the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . and cabinetry. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. This view was already defined in the drawing.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. kitchens. In this exercise. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Click Find Referring Views.rvt. Highlight the view. equipment rooms. Click Open View. 2. dimensions. Right-click.

click Aligned. Select Suppress 0 Feet. 5. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation.4. On the Annotate tab. click OK. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Right-click. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. 7. Sections and Elevations s 345 . The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". Dimension panel. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Clear Use Project Settings. 6. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. s s s s Click Duplicate. In the Name box.

9. Using the Text and Dimension tools. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . In this exercise. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.rvt. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior. 10. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders.Sections and Elevations . detail the interior section. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view. You modified a dimension style.

a. Walls c. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. c. Either one. s Create slope annotations. All of the above 5. Bathrooms and kitchens b. such as north. Not in Concrete b. is always the true orientation. All of the above. s Create filled regions. c. 2. The direction the structure is facing. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. s Create a section view. it depends. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. Show the relationships between elements. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. Nobody in Charge d. The direction the viewer is facing. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. The orientation of the exterior elevation. s Create material annotations. True b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . b. Not in Contract c. d. Cabinetry d. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. b. False 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. 4. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. General Questions 1.

East b. The boundaries of the view. The height of the view. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. c. Which elevation is it? a. a. Element properties c. South d. On the View tab. a. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. False 5. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Revit Architecture Questions 1. True b. False 2. Sun and Shadow b. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. b and c. d. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. d. North 3. True b. Click Add View. click Sheet Composition > View. The detail level of the view.Sections and Elevations . Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. b. but not a 6. you use: a. The Visual Style of the view. The dotted line indicates: a. b. 4. Right-click. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. c. West c.

s Reformat a schedule. 5. 4. 2.Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. Lesson Plan 1. Review Schedules. s Export a schedule. s Load a schedule tag. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 6. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule.

Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used. 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan.

This lesson relates to science. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. technology. Technology. and Language Arts. height. and math standards. about the building objects in your architectural plan. engineering. and thickness. Some of these building objects include. About Schedules s 351 . Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. To review the list of standards for each lesson. width. such as reference number. Math (STEM). Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Schedules . so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. the same primary information is included. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout. depending on the style of the architectural firm. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. However. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. Instance.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. There are different types of schedule tables.

s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property. About Schedules s 353 . A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified.

Using the software. these tags can be placed automatically or manually. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols.Schedules . The following image shows door. E for electrical. window. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC). Like schedules. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. However. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. Other letters are P for plumbing. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. and A for appliances.Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . A circle. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. hexagon.

s Create a room schedule. Project templates include preset schedules. and you can create your own schedules. and Language Arts. engineering. Schedules list items such as doors. Technology. s Add room tags. windows. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. rooms. and math standards. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project. Schedules s 355 . Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. s Export a schedule. equipment. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. hardware. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Math (STEM). To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. materials. This lesson relates to science.

Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. and you set the schedule to display totals. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3. Open ADA_Window_Schedules. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 2. you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Schedules .rvt. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.

The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 3. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule. Click Add. Type Mark. 6. select Comments. Schedules s 357 . Continue to add fields to the schedule. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. Select Windows from the list. On the View tab. Add Count.s Window Tag 5. Height. Level. 4. a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. 7. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. In Available Fields. and Width.

Schedules . from left to right. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule. A view opens with the schedule you just defined.8. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser. 9. Select the fields. Click OK to finish the schedule. 358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Move the fields so they display in the order shown.

select Type Mark. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. but without any useful calculations yet.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. 3. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. 2. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. Schedules s 359 . Select Blank Line. From the Sort By list. 1. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark.

Notice how the schedule has changed. click the schedule name. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. for Sorting/ Grouping. 2. In order to calculate the total number of windows. in the Then By sorting field. On the Properties palette. Rather than make a manual calculation. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. you can have the schedule report this. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. in this case). In the lower left corner of the dialog box. In the Project Browser. 3.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. 1. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . clear Itemize Every Instance. select Level.Schedules . 4. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. click Edit.

6. The totals for each window type now display. select Title. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. select Footer. On the Sorting/Grouping tab. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. s Set the schedule to display category totals. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. and Totals. In this exercise.5. On the Properties palette. From the list. click Edit 7. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping. Schedules s 361 . Count.rvt.

Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways. Room size. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. 3. In this exercise.Schedules . 5. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. Click Open. and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. Locate the file named Room Tag. based on the amount of space in each room. Open ADA_Room_Tags. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. On the Home tab. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. occupancy. ceiling type. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. floor type.rvt. click Room > Room. click Overwrite the Existing Version. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Room & Area panel. 4.

Room & Area panel. Schedules s 363 . 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. a total of 7. 8.In the Type Selector. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. click Room > Room Separation Line. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. Click Modify to terminate the placement. and in the hall as shown. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. 6. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. On the Home tab.

Place a room tag below the room separation line. The room tag updates. s Change the word Room to Manager. Click Modify. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . An edit box activates. On the Room & Area panel.9. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box. The area value for Room 7 updates. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. 10. 12. Select Room #2. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight.Schedules . click Room. 11. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. s Click the Room text. 13.

In this exercise. Save the file as Unit9_rooms. s Changed room tag field values. for Name. s Tagged various objects. you: s Loaded a room tag. enter Sales. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. On the Properties palette. 15.rvt. s Added a room separation.14. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. Schedules s 365 .

4. 6. select Number. Set the Sort By value to Number. Click Add--> after each selection.Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. 2. In the Available Fields pane. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. For Name. Create panel. enter Square Footage Report. Name. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Create a Room Schedule 1. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. 3. On the View tab. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. The completed exercise 5. The New Schedule dialog box displays.rvt. Click OK. and Area to be included in your schedule. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order.Schedules .

s Set Units to Square Feet. Change the Heading to No. 10. Select Grand Totals.7. Highlight the Area field. Schedules s 367 . s Set Alignment to Right. s Set Unit Symbol to SF. 8. s Click Field Format. In the Format dialog box. Click OK. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Number field. s Select Calculate Totals. Click the Formatting tab. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Select Title and Totals from the list. 9. clear Use Project Settings.

You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. 12. Revit Architecture opens the schedule view.rvt. you: s Created a room schedule.Schedules . 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In this exercise. Click OK to exit the dialog box.11. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Totaled one of the columns.

Double-click it to open it. Browse to a directory to save your report.txt) file. You can then use this file in other applications. Click Save. locate the file you created. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. 3. On the application menu. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. The file is created. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. you export the room schedule to a text file. Schedules s 369 . Note the formatting that has been applied.rvt. 6. 2. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Using your Windows Explorer. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. 5. 4. Click OK.

Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. In this exercise.Schedules .7. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. Close the text file. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file. 8. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel.

a. s Load a schedule tag. False Summary/Questions s 371 . Type b. c. False 4. None of the above. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. A list of information that defines specific building objects. s Place a schedule tag. Quantity c. A list of sheets used in a project. Instance 3. What is a schedule table? a. True b. a. b. s Reformat a schedule. True b. Matrix d. you learned to: s Create a schedule.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. d. s Export a schedule. 2. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. Questions 1. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion.

Home d. View tab c. Manage tab 3. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . View c.Schedules . use the ____ . Application menu d. Annotate b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. CSV d. To export a schedule. Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Modify 2. a. XLS c. Annotate tab b. TXT b. a.

(Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture. 5. (Student) Evaluate Students. Lesson Plan 1. Review Visualization. 4. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 . 3. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 2. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design.

and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Assign materials. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. s Apply shading to a view. s Create and edit a walkthrough. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. Finally. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. s Export a walkthrough.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. and Language Arts. s Export an FBX file. s Orient walls and windows. After completing this lesson. you create a walkthrough. s Place a camera. s Export a DWG file. s Play a walkthrough. or camera on a path. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Create a raytrace rendering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.Visualization . The animation file can be played in any media player. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Technology. Engineering. s Add planting components. Math (STEM).

Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. courseware datasets. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Open Unit2_custom_family. To prepare your model for rendering. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. s Make a camera view the active view. You worked on animations. s s 2. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. Click Zoom to Fit.rvt. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. Assign materials.

All the exterior walls highlight in blue.3. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Right-click. Stud. Select any exterior wall. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. 6. The walls now display layers of materials. You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise.Visualization . click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side. The wall display updates. 5. If you do not see any change in the wall display. verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium. 4. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Select one of the exterior walls.

Right-click. you can: s s s 9. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary. Visualization s 377 . Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Click OK. 10. Select Site: Grass. Open the Default 3D view. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Repeat the process for the windows. On the Properties palette. 8. Select the toposurface object. Select walls.7. Click Change wall's orientation. In addition to using the control arrows.

and click Open. Select the file name. for Files of type. This will filter the file list. 2. Click OK in any notices and warnings. On the application menu. Export the Model to FBX 1. click Export > FBX. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. Save the file as Unit10_Export. you have completed this exercise. Open 3ds Max Design. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 3. The file opens in 3ds Max Design.rvt.FBX). Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view.11. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. On the application menu. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Depending on your system resources.Visualization . 12. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated. Note the file location. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. In the Select File to Import dialog box. click Import > Import. Select the Roof. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. select Autodesk (*.

you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. Export the Model to DWG 1.rvt. you have completed this exercise. Note the file location. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. open Unit10_Export. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. click Next. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. There is no way to update it from Revit.4. Open or return to Revit. 2. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. Close the file without saving. Visualization s 379 . In the Export CAD Formats dialog box. If necessary. 3.

Open 3ds Max Design. In the File Link Manager . click References > File Link Manager.4. Open or return to Revit. click Attach This File. On the application menu. Click Open. 8. 7. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. Select two windows as shown. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Select the file name. If necessary. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export. Close the File Link Manager. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link. 9. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .max.Visualization . click File. 5.rvt. 6. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. open Unit10_Export. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture.

On the application menu. The windows have updated. click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. Save the export file using the same name as before. Open the 3D view. Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". 13. In the dialog box. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. 11. Visualization s 381 . Save the file. 12.10.

s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file.Visualization . s Changed a material definition. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. Open the Files tab. s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design. The windows have changed. s Click Reload. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. 15. s Oriented walls and windows. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. In this exercise. The linked file updates.14. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open or return to 3ds Max Design. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. Open the File Link Manager. s Close the File Link Manager. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change.

On the View tab. you place a camera in a model. In this exercise. 3. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. Visualization s 383 . The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model. change materials. as shown. 2. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. If you place the camera too close to the model. Open the Site view.rvt. Open Unit10_Export. Create panel. click Camera. generate a rendering. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. and create a second rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. Place a Camera 1. add plantings to the model.

To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Click Show Camera. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. s s s s Open a floor plan view. 7. 6.Visualization . Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. Return to the perspective view. Open the Site view again. 2. Render Setup 1. Right-click. The camera perspective view opens. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. The camera will be visible. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. click Show Rendering Dialog.4. On the View Control Bar. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . select Very Few Clouds. If necessary. 5.

Model Site panel. click Site Component.3. On the Massing & Site tab. Open view 3D View 1. Click Render. Open the Site view. s Click Render to create a new rendered image. Enhance the Model 1. Accept the default settings for Quality. 3. s Click Render. 2. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium. and Lighting. Output Settings.30' approximately as shown. Visualization s 385 . Revit generates a raytrace image in the view.

2. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle. On the Properties palette. 3. 5. In the Rendering dialog box. Select an exterior wall. 5. On the Properties palette. 4. Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.Wood Shake. Revit places the image in its own view. click Save to Project. Change Materials 1. In the Save to Project dialog box. The model displays in the view. In the Layer 1 Material field. click Show the Model. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Rendering dialog box. click Edit Type. and you can now select elements for editing. Select the roof. Click Edit in the Structure field. 6. select Roofing . click Edit Type.4. click OK. In the Materials list.Visualization .

Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. 7. Click Replace. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click the Render Appearance tab. 9.10. Select the icon next to Masonry . Visualization s 387 . 8.

Brick Uniform Running Brown. click Render. In the Rendering dialog box. s Generated and captured a second render image.11. Save the file as Unit10_render. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 12. 15.rvt. s Generated and captured a render image. You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. Click OK. s Edited materials in model components. These images are now available as options to present to a client. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. 13. 14. s Created a raytrace setup. click Save to Project. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 16. In this exercise. The new image is placed in its own view. Select Masonry . In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization . s Placed site planting components in the model.

rvt. s View the animation in a media player. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. To place a key frame. Click Zoom Out (2x). Visualization s 389 . s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s Right-click. In this exercise. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views. 4. Click Zoom to Fit. or walkthroughs. The cursor changes to a crosshair. rendered. click 3d View > Walkthrough. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. and exported individually. s On the View tab. in a project model. The camera and path can be edited. Create panel. or frame. Each view. 2. Open Unit10_render. s Edit the camera and path. along the path can be viewed in different modes. click to the left of the model as shown. Open floor plan view Level 1. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. s Right-click again. The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. 3.

On the Modify | Walkthrough tab. 8. Drag it to the left.Visualization . click Edit Walkthrough. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. Repeat for all the key frames. 7. so that the camera is pointing at the model. Walkthrough panel.5. On the Modify | Cameras tab. The Options Bar changes. Select the direction control for the camera. click Finish Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . 10. 6. 9. 11. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. The camera is located on the final key frame. Walkthrough panel.

change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. From the Controls list. The path displays control dots at key frames. Check the view in several key frames. Click Open. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Open Floor Plan view Level 1.12. 13. Click Edit Walkthrough. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. select Path. On the Walkthrough panel. 3. click Next Key Frame. Drag the path away from the model as shown. If camera positions distort. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. 2. Visualization s 391 .

click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. Click Play. Click OK. click OK. Revit generates the external AVI file. select a video compression method to hold down file size.Visualization . 3. In the Video Compression dialog box. Export the Walkthrough 1. 4.Play the Walkthrough 1. On the application menu. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box. Click Save. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the Length/Format dialog box.rvt. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. File Name. notice where you save the file. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 2. 2.

Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. It plays in your media player. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player.5. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time. such as shaded or rendering. 6. Visualization s 393 . Plan your class time accordingly.

If you have made changes to the building model.7. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In this exercise. s Played the animation file in a media player. save the Revit Architecture file. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Edited the path.Visualization . s Exported the walkthrough to an external file.

s Orient walls and windows.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. s Play a walkthrough. s Create a raytrace rendering. True b. you use: a. s Apply shading to a view. Demolish 2. s Export a walkthrough. s Create and edit a walkthrough. s Place a camera. Save As > FBX c. Align c. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. a. a. s Assign materials. Export > FBX 3. s Export an FBX file. False Revit Architecture Questions 1. s Add planting components. False Summary/Questions s 395 . s Export a DWG file. Questions 1. True b. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. False 2. Flip Orientation d. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. View > Shading d. Split b. you use: a. a. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. True b. Print to File b.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

In the following exercises. (Student) Evaluate Students. The Datum panel enables you to place grids. 5. 4. 3. foundations. 6. you learn how to place structural columns. and braces. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. (Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . Lesson Plan 1. beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. Review structural columns. beams and braces. 2.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. beam systems.

Structural . 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. beams. posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool.

Beams across the top of the garage are also shown. Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist.Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 .

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns.Structural . Knowing where structural members. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and other building objects. walls.

Math (STEM). Create column grids. After completing this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. Engineering. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and Language Arts. Technology. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Structural s 401 . Place beam systems and braces. To review the list of standards for each lesson.

you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Structural columns can be steel. Select a floor. Beams connect columns or walls.rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. or concrete.Hide Category. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. wood. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . or reinforced concrete. often mainly glass. In residential construction. As with columns. On the View Control Bar. 2. beams can be steel.Structural . On the Build panel of the Home tab. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. 1.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building. spans without walls. wood. They come in types defined by size and shape. Open Deck Framing. In this exercise. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. click Column > Structural Column. 3. this is known as post and beam construction. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors.

click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. On the Options Bar. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". and 4B. click Depth. 3A. In the Type Selector. 5. 8. 6. 7.4. Click the edge of the left floor to select it. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. Structural s 403 . Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. On the View Control Bar. This sends the column down from the current level rather than up.

rail. Zoom in so you can see the deck. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). and columns clearly. 10. double-click view Framing Cutaway. 2. Click OK. 11. In the Project Browser. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Place Beams 1. The columns are now hidden by the floors. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns.9. Click Hide In View > Element. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". Click off the columns to clear your selection set. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Click OK. Right-click.Structural .

To place beams: Structural s 405 . click Beam. Click. select Chain. In the Type Selector. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Options Bar. On the Structure tab.3. 5. 4. Structure panel. s In the view window. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A.

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 6. On the Properties palette.Structural . Click. 7. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. Click.

click Make Wall Bearing. Save the file as Deck Beams. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. 11. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. On the Properties palette. Click on grid intersection B4. 12. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. click Beam. Click. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. Click OK.8. 9. In this exercise. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. If a Warning dialog box that opens. Structural s 407 . To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. Structure panel. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. as shown.rvt. Click Modify. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall.

Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Beam System. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. Structure panel. You place vertical bracing in elevation views.rvt. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. s Place braces. you: s Place beam systems. 3.Structural . or number of beams in a bay. 2. On the Structure tab. click Sketch Beam System. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. This is the direction indicator for the beam system. distance. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. click No. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab. Open Deck Beams. Click the beam on Grid 1. The completed exercise 5. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan. 4. click Pick Supports. Place Beam Systems 1. Open Plan View Deck Framing. In this exercise.

7. click Line.6. as shown. Draw a line on the face of the wall. Structural s 409 . Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. On the Draw panel. Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly.

s 9. On the Properties palette. click Pick Supports. Click Finish. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor.2".Structural . 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. 11. 10. s s s On the Draw panel. On the Properties palette. click Finish (green check). On the Mode panel. click Line. Trim as necessary.8. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' . s s On the Draw panel.6". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch. set Elevation to -0'-9". Click the beam on Grid 2. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. click Create Similar.

Open Plan View Deck Framing.Place Braces 1. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. click Brace. Click to place the elevation. Create panel. In the Project Browser. Adjust the view crop region as shown. unlike regular elevations. On the Structure tab. On the View Control Bar. 4. On the View tab. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. Structural s 411 . 2. 5. It has an automatic work plane. Structure panel. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. as shown. 3.

Repeat the brace going right to left. click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. 8. to start the brace. 7. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Click Modify. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. 9. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. In the Type Selector.Structural . In the view window.6.

In this exercise.rvt. 11. s Placed braces. Structural s 413 . Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location.10. you: s Placed beam systems. Save the file as Deck structure.

as shown. elevation. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Pull the cursor straight up. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. In plan views. The exact length is not critical. Grid datasets. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. You can change a grid number at any time. The numbering automatically increments. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. In this exercise. s s In the view window. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. The exact location is not critical. click Grid. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. This is a common step early in designing a large building. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. and section views. and walls. beams.Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. 2. but they can also be angular and radial. click in the lower left to start a grid line. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. Datum panel.Structural .

The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point.3. 4. Click to start another grid line. Click to place a new grid line. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0". Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line.

Pull the cursor to the left. Click to start a grid line. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. s Select Grid Line 2. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. The new grid line is number 5. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. click to place the grid line. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0". Press ENTER. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Press ENTER.Structural . To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. 7. The new grid line will be number 3. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Pull the cursor to the right.5. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Repeat to create grid line 4. close to the heads. 6. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. click Copy. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Enter A at the keyboard. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR.

1 is still selected. Click outside the bubble to enter the number. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. This completes the main grid. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals.8.1. s Select grid 2. 9. s Click Copy. Structural s 417 . On the grid line. 10. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. This grid line will be number B. Grid 2. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. click the elbow control to place an offset. Change the number to 2. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. The Grid tool is still active. 11. s Click to place the grid line.

Zoom to Fit. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. enter 15. On the Draw panel. On the Options Bar. click Radius.Structural . click Grid. select Center-Ends Arc. On the Options Bar. On the Home tab. On the Draw panel. Change the number to EE. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". 4. set Offset to 15'-0". Create panel. Click in the new grid bubble. In the Radius field. 3. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s s Click grid intersection D3. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears.000 o . click Pick. s Click to start the grid line. Click to place the grid head. The Grid tool is still active. Press ENTER.Create a Radial Column Grid 1.

You will need to identify it easily. 7. 6. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Structural s 419 .5. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. Click to place grid FF. Select grid 3 to show its controls. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others.

rvt. s Click grid intersection D3.000. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab. Click in the new grid bubble. s Select grid 31. Click to place the grid line. s Select grid 3. click Create Similar. Press ENTER. 11. Zoom to Fit. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s In this exercise. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s 10. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Revit will create grid 32.8. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. click Mirror .Pick Axis. 9.Structural . s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. Enter 31 to change the name. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.

As a result. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. Open ADA_Grids-complete.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. This is a steel column. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. you typically create a grid. In the Type Selector. s Change a grid layout. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. In this exercise. 2. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. Structural s 421 . Structure panel. s Use a column grid to place beams. s 3. click Column > Structural Column. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Add footings to columns.

Structural . 4. 6. A. In the Multiple panel. 3. 4. 5.s s On the Options Bar. set Height to Level 3. click Finish. On the Multiple panel. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 2. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. B. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . C and D. click At Grids.

Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". Zoom to Fit. click Finish. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. 4. Window-select all the grid lines. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. On the Multiple panel. On the Multiple panel. 5. click On Grids. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. click Beam. and beams will move to the right. 2.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Click Grid 1. columns. Open Floor Plan Level 2. The grid. 3. Structural s 423 .

click Isolated. Open the Default 3D view. click Finish. On the Quick Access toolbar. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. 6. On the Multiple panel. click At Columns. window-select all the columns. click No. 4. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . In the view window. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab. 1. Click Redo. Columns and beams will move to the right.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them.Structural . On the Multiple panel. 2. 3. click Undo.

but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. 7. The footing had been placed at Level 1. The footing changes size. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. Press ESC to clear the column selection. 6. Select the footing at the base of the extended column. A warning displays. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0".5. Click OK. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". in the Type Selector. s On the Properties palette. Structural s 425 . To change the size of the footing.

8.Structural . you: s Used a column grid to place columns. 426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . s Used a column grid to place beams. In this exercise. s Changed a grid layout. s Added footings to columns. Save and close the file.

spans. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 .STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement. the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components.

using formulas based on physics.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.

s Place beam systems. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. s Use a column grid to place columns. False Summary/Questions s 429 . s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. Column b. Brace c. Beam d. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Change a grid layout. s Place braces. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. 2. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Add footings to columns. True b. All of the above.

Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. b. Stretch b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. A but not B. c. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically. To create a beam system. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. A and B. Use grid lines and grid intersections. If you relocate a grid line. Flip Orientation d. 3. 5. you use: a. Select a beam type and define the system layout. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . d. To change the height of a column. you: a. All of the above. b. You cannot change a column's height after you place it.Structural . False 4. d. a. you can: a. Pick points. True b. Select the type of beam or column to place. a. When placing columns or beams. 2. True b. c. Properties c.

Teacher. Mathematics.Director. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.org Project Lead the Way.Executive Director. Randy Dymond. Ltd. Inc.Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Copyright s 431 . Virginia Tech Eric Losin .Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.iteaconnect. WI Roger Dohm . Poway. Starkweather . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Smith . Susan Harrington . Poway High School. CA Ronald A Williams. PE . South Division High School. Milwaukee.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Instructor.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox . International Technology Education Association www.

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