Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?
Architecture is the study of buildings. Since we humans do not have fur, feathers, or shells for protection from the elements, we have needed buildings as shelter for thousands of years. Buildings contain our living and working spaces and the places where we congregate and interact in small or large groups such as markets, churches, arenas, transportation hubs, schools, and hospitals.

History
Architecture began with urban civilization when people started farming crops for food and living in settled towns and cities near their fields. Urban life offered protection, and gave rise to social classes and trades. Builders and planners began to create orderly arrangements that grew into cities.

Mary Draper

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With the rise of rulers and governments came the first building codes. If a builder in ancient Babylon constructed buildings that collapsed (always a concern in the seismically active Middle East), he ran the risk of having his own house destroyed as a penalty. Rulers could command the wealth of large populations through taxes, and ordered large buildings to be constructed as symbols of power and majesty. Many of these buildings were palaces or luxurious dwellings, but others had religious or mystical significance.

Process
As soon as builders understood the basic principles of structure and began to create large covered spaces that could hold gatherings of people, designers became aware of the effects that buildings can have on human feelings. Everyone responds to the space and proportion, light and color, materials and acoustics, and the patterns and rhythms of buildings. The best architecture from ancient times to the present, whether simple or sophisticated, strives for a sense of harmony while fulfilling a practical need. Building design across the world reflects the differences between cultures, climates, and available materials. Tastes change constantly, in a never-ending cycle, from plain to highly ornamented and back again. Shown in the image below are urban residences from Europe and Australia.

Mary Draper

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Christopher Fox

Architecture has subdivided into many specialty fields over the years. Requirements vary widely between residential and commercial buildings, for example, or between bus stations and airports. Landscape architects concentrate on the spaces between buildings.

John Kostick

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Interior designers finish the spaces inside buildings.

Mary Draper

Urban planners determine the arrangement and function of groups of buildings. This 1836 concept map defined a central business district, traffic patterns, residential areas, and parklands that are still in place in a city of more than a million inhabitants.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Tools
Building designers have experimented with and refined the tools of their trade, from the time lengths were measured against parts of the human body and drawings were on parchment, up to the present day. Computerized measurements can now be extremely accurate; designs can be developed, pictured, and shared electronically all over the world. Designers have always created building forms that are challenging both to construct and to look at. Now the computer makes analysis of structural needs and stresses more quickly and more accurately than ever before.

Mary Draper

Large buildings have become incredibly complex, as they have to contain complete systems for transportation, climate control, communications, power, water supply, and waste. Digital tools enable the vast amount of information needed to design and document modern buildings to be collected with efficiency.

Mary Draper

Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 1 - What is Architecture?

Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 2 - Software Tools
About This Unit
This unit explains the main components of Autodesk Revit Architecture software. It begins with illustrations of model objects, mass objects, dimensions and the ribbon interface. There are exercises that demonstrate how to work with the properties of views and model objects, and how to create your own building elements. After completing this unit, you will be able to: s Navigate the user interface: View window, Project Browser, ribbon tools, Options Bar. s Place, locate, and modify model elements. s Use dimensions to control model elements. s Place and modify mass elements. s Create building elements from mass elements. s Open different views. s Change view displays. s Change view properties. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics. s Access, load, and place a family from a library. s Change type properties of a family. s Create an in-place family. Unlike pencil and paper, software tools for design are complex applications that evolve continually. However, just as with pencil and paper, good design sense and drafting technique are necessary for success. Good technique requires learning how tousethe software properlyin orderto represent the design concept efficiently and accurately.

Lessons
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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements Conceptual Design with Mass Models Annotations and Dimensions Display and Navigation Working with Views and Objects

Introduction

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Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Describe the tools for placing building elements. s Constrain placement of objects.

Key Terms
align building element constraint equidistant vertical wall

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Design Using Elements
Buildings are often designed inside out. This means that the designer concentrates on functional or spatial requirements for interiors and the relationships between rooms or spaces, rather than the shape of the building as seen from outside. In cases like this, sketching walls in plan view is the most efficient way to start a conceptual design. Doors, windows, stairs, and other elements are then fit in or between walls as part of the design development process. Revit Architecture software makes locating walls as easy as drawing lines.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 - Software Tools

When sketching walls. midpoints) and relationships (vertical. horizontal) to use in constraining the sketch. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 9 . and the cursor reads geometric features (endpoints. the display shows editable distances and angles. Distances can be adjusted at any time. intersections.

The Build panel on the Home tab contains tools for populating the design. section. floors.Constraints that preserve relationships can be applied. Other building elements such as doors. furniture. roofs.Software Tools . and 3D views. stairs. windows. and equipment can be loaded in from content libraries or sketched in place. 10 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . You can add building elements in plan. elevation.

the other will move as well. windows are being aligned center to center and locked together.While components are being sketched. In the illustration shown. Conceptual Design by Sketching Building Elements s 11 . relationships can be established that make editing efficient. In the two illustrations shown. If one is moved. or at any time after. windows placed in a wall are set to be equidistant.

12 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . all the windows obey their constraints. parametric design establishes rules that govern elements as a design evolves.If the left side wall is moved.Software Tools . In essence.

About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Use tools to create building elements from masses. you will be able to: s Draw walls in a building project. s Place a predefined Mass family. Design Using Form Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 13 . you will be able to: s Open the Massing & Site tab. s Use the In-Place Mass tool. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Key Terms Curtain System In-Place Mass Mass Floor Massing & SiteTab Model by Face Place Mass Show Mass Solid Form Void Form Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. and Language Arts. s Constrain placement of objects. technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). and math standards. This lesson relates to science. Engineering.Conceptual Design with Mass Models About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Describe the tools for placing building elements.

and curtain systems. Working with masses is covered in greater detail in Getting Started. Designers often decide on the form of a proposed building before determining its interior spaces.Software Tools . or masses. roofs. The ability to provide clients and reviewing authorities with comprehensible 3D sketches early in the design process is important to the success of a project. walls. owner. quickly. 14 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . A designer. size. Masses can be edited in many ways. This can be in response to the site or to building restrictions. or form of a proposed building that drives the design process. or client may have a preconceived idea about the shape. There are mass families available to load into a project.Many factors determine the form or shape of a building. you can create in-place masses. The Massing and Site tab The Conceptual Mass panel on the Massing & Site tab holds tools for placing mass families or starting in-place masses. and then converted into building components such as floors. such as distance requirements from roadways. Tall building designs must frequently satisfy setback regulations that affect the shape of towers. and there is a conceptual mass family editor environment. Revit Architecture has tools that enable designers to create 3D building shapes.

Place Mass Place Mass enables you to load in predefined mass families from the Revit Architecture library. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 15 .

In-Place Mass In-Place Mass opens the Model-In-Place Mass tab. Here you can create a combination of solid or void forms to define a named mass object.Software Tools .Masses placed in a project this way have properties you can edit. 16 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

and curtain systems by selecting faces of. masses. roofs. or within. When a mass has been placed or created in a project. walls. you can create a Mass Floor for each level that can then be converted into a floor. Vertical exteriors can be converted to walls using Model by Face > Wall.Create Building Elements from Masses Model by Face opens tools to create building elements such as floors. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 17 .

Software Tools .18 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 19 .Mass Floors can be converted to floors using Model by Face > Floor.

Software Tools .Model by Face > Curtain System enables you to convert nonvertical or torqued faces into editable panel systems that can become finished walls. 20 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Model by Face > Roof converts horizontal or nearly horizontal faces into roofs.

The Show Mass icon on the Conceptual Mass panel toggles display of masses on and off. To print a mass displayed in a view. the correct Mass category must also be set visible in the View Properties. Conceptual Design with Mass Models s 21 .

22 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .This lesson provided an overview of how to create and place mass models using the Massing & Site tab.

you will be able to: s Describe standard and custom symbols. and math standards. s Recognize temporary dimensions. and Language Arts. tags. legends. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. and symbol heads. Technology. Annotations Designs and illustrations of building projects are incomplete without the specific instructions given by annotations and dimensions. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Annotation includes text notes. engineering. s Explain the use of dimensions.Annotations and Dimensions About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Math (STEM). technology. Key Terms annotations Cartesian family permanent dimension spot coordinate spot elevation symbol temporary dimension text Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Engineering. Annotations and Dimensions s 23 .

Software Tools .rfa) can be opened and edited.Revit Architecture supplies a library of annotation symbols organized by family. Each symbol family file (*. 24 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and all instances of the family loaded into a project will update.

Annotations and Dimensions s 25 .The user can also create custom symbol families using supplied family template (*rft) files.

radial. and permanent dimensions for annotating. Permanent dimensions can be used to modify the model. Permanent dimensions can be linear.Dimensions Revit Architecture uses temporary dimensions for sketching.Software Tools . or angular. 26 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Dimension controls display on the Options Bar.

and how other levels change display accordingly. Annotations and Dimensions s 27 .z) coordinate system.y. but can be located precisely in vertical or horizontal space by assigning coordinates. The following illustrations show how a project's main level is assigned a real-world elevation.Revit Architecture models do not contain a Cartesian (x.

Software Tools .Spot elevations and spot coordinates (for plans) are also available. 28 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

This lesson provided an overview of systems for annotations and dimensions. Annotations and Dimensions s 29 .

s Open tabs on the ribbon. This lesson relates to science. s Use Properties and View Controls to adjust the display. Engineering. 30 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).Display and Navigation About This Lesson After completing this lesson. s Open and use ribbon tabs. technology. and Options Bar. Technology. and Language Arts. engineering. the Type Selector. Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms context tabs elevations floor plan Options Bar Properties palette ribbon tabs Type Selector View Control Bar Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Software Tools . s Work with context tabs and the Options Bar. s Navigate views by using the Project Browser. and math standards. s Work with tool buttons. you will be able: s Identify the elements of the Revit Architecture screen display.

beams. You activate tabs on the ribbon to access the commands within them. doors. The ribbon sits above the drawing window. they are greyed out and unresponsive) in certain conditions. windows. Display and Navigation s 31 . Ribbon Tabs The ribbon consists of the following nine tabs: s Home s Insert s Annotate s Structure s Massing & Site s Collaborate s View s Manage s Modify The Home tab includes common building components such as walls. Some commands will not be active (that is.Navigating the Ribbon Interface This exercise illustrates how you locate and select tools to create your building design. for instance. Its position is fixed. and rooms. The Ribbon The special area of the user interface to access tools in Revit Architecture is the ribbon. Tools specific to elevation views will not be active in plan views.

The Insert tab provides commands for linking and importing external content. 32 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

The Massing & Site tab enables you to create masses—which are different from building objects—and to create or modify 3D site forms. slabs. and text. trusses. detailing. and foundations. braces. columns. structural walls. Display and Navigation s 33 . symbols. Structure The Structure tab has tools to place beams and beam systems.The Annotate tab enables you to place dimension.

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Display and Navigation s 35 . The View tab has tools for creating views and changing them.The Collaborate tab includes tools for working with others.

Software Tools . The Modify tab has tools for you to work with items in a project: editing. copy/paste. materials.The Manage tab provides dialog boxes for changing settings. The Modify|Place Wall context tab is shown. 36 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and parameters. and inquiry. Context tabs display as you work.

Display and Navigation s 37 .

This menu has file management tools such as New. Print.Application Menu The application menu opens when you click the Revit icon in the upper left corner of the screen. Open.Software Tools . Save. and Close. The Close option on the application menu is the effective way to close project files. 38 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The following images identify the basic interface components for Revit Architecture: Display and Navigation s 39 .Revit Architecture Screen Display This lesson shows you specific areas of the Revit Architecture user interface and describes their functions.

schedules. sheets. and groups. along with a floor plan view for Level 2 and a site view. The elevation markers control the building elevations already listed in the browser.Software Tools . Legends. with four elevation markers visible. Ceiling plan views for Levels 1 and 2 are generated automatically. 40 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The browser provides views of your building model along with legends.A new file opens by default to a floor plan view at Level 1. and sheets are views that will be discussed in later lessons. The Project Browser The Project Browser displays the contents of the model file in a logical tree structure. families. schedules.

Groups are user-created collections of content (such as a room full of furniture) treated as one object for convenience in handling. Display and Navigation s 41 .Available views include: s Floor plans s Ceiling plans s 3D views s Elevations s Sections s Detail views s Renderings s Drafting views s Walkthroughs s Area plans Families are named collections of content (such as doors and windows) or settings (such as text or dimensions).

42 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .The Project Browser can be resized or undocked. hide/isolate and display hidden item controls are specified individually for each view of the model. A check mark indicates it is visible. Windows panel on the ribbon. rendering (in 3D views). Icons for these tools are found on the View Control Bar at the lower left of the view window above the status bar. level of detail.Software Tools . The Status Bar Below the Project Browser is the status bar. To toggle the Project Browser on/off. The status bar displays hints and instructions as you work. The status bar also holds controls for Worksets and Design Options when these have been activated in a project. click the User Interface button located on the View tab. and a selection filter counter at the far right end. cropping. shadow display. sun settings. This works with the tooltips that appear under the cursor when you pass the cursor over items or select things. visual style. View Control Bar View scale.

Display and Navigation s 43 .View scale determines the amount of space the view takes when placed on a plotting sheet. but not at Coarse. Level of detail determines the display of cut objects in plan views. place the cursor over the View Scale readout on the View Control bar and click. To change the scale of a view. The interior structure of a wall will show at Medium and Fine. Select the desired view scale from the list. The Detail Level control is to the right of the View Scale control on the View Control bar.

Hidden Line. Consistent Colors and Realistic display modes.The following image shows walls of a complex type displayed at Coarse and Medium detail: The Visual Style control is to the right of the Detail Level control.Software Tools . 44 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Shaded. Hidden Line is the default. It enables you to switch between Wireframe. Shaded with Edges.

Display and Navigation s 45 .

Software Tools .46 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

date and time. You can also open the Graphic Display Options dialog box to control the sun settings. which can be according to the view. You use the Sun Settings dialog box to specify sun angle. and line styles applied to edges in section or elevation views. The Shadow control turns on the display of shadows for display purposes. sun and shadow intensity. Display and Navigation s 47 . or by global location.The Sun control turns on the display of the sun path for display purposes.

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shadows. Display and Navigation s 49 .The Render control is active in 3D views. It enables you to create renderings with sunlight. and materials applied to model surfaces.

Software Tools .The Crop controls enable you to show and activate an adjustable cropping border to a view. Crop region hidden and inactive Crop region shown but inactive 50 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Crop shown and active Crop hidden and active Display and Navigation s 51 .

Software Tools . Selecting the control again enables you to remove the temporary condition or make it permanent. the view window displays a colored border. controls available The Temporary Hide/Isolate control allows control over the display of objects or categories of objects per view. You can also hide and change the display of elements that you have selected with right-click menu 52 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Crop region selected. Once elements have been hidden.

Display and Navigation s 53 .options.

The Reveal Hidden Elements control shows items that have been hidden in a view. These controls. enabling you to select them. 54 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . are available in the Properties palette for the active view. View Properties displays when nothing is selected in the view window. along with other display settings.

The Ribbon The ribbon holds tabs organized by task. The properties of the selected view will display on the Properties palette. To activate or open a view. You can switch from tab to tab to select the appropriate tool. Nine tabs are available: Home. You can right-click a view name in the Project Browser to open or close it. Collaborate. View. Structure. Massing & Site. expand its view category if necessary and double-click the view name.All views are listed in the Project Browser. Each ribbon tab contains panels of grouped buttons. Insert. Annotate. Display and Navigation s 55 . Manage and Modify.

56 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Certain ribbon tools are split and hold options on a drop-down list. Certain ribbon tools found in panel titles will open settings dialog boxes.Software Tools .

a context tab opens on the ribbon. This tab combines tools from the Modify tab with tools specific for the work you have started. If you select items in the view window.Context Tabs. Options Bar. a context tab which combines the Modify tab with tools for working with the object(s) opens. the Options Bar may display below it. Display and Navigation s 57 . Properties Palette. The Modify|Place Wall tab is shown in the following image. When a context tab is active. Type Selector When you start a tool by clicking a button. showing options that you can select while you are working.

Software Tools .58 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

The Type Selector on the Properties palette enables you to choose between types of elements. Display and Navigation s 59 . the Properties palette enables you to adjust properties of the object you are placing or modifying.When you select an item or start a placement tool.

Software Tools .Navigation Bar The Navigation Bar on the right of the view window holds controls for zooming in the view. 60 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .

Display and Navigation s 61 .

62 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . In 3D views.Software Tools . There is a ViewCube control in 3D views that enables you to orient the view. the Navigation Bar has controls for Steering Wheels.You can also reach zoom controls on the right-click menu. which are navigation tools tied to the cursor.

Display and Navigation s 63 .Quick Access Toolbar At the top left of the screen is the Quick Access toolbar containing frequently used tools: file toolsfile tools annotate toolsannotate tools view toolsview tools window toolswindow tools The Quick Access toolbar is the only place where Undo and Redo appear. You can add New File to the Quick Access toolbar from the available list and you can open a dialog box to further customize the Quick Access toolbar list.

Software Tools . 64 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .You can also right-click ribbon buttons and add them to the Quick Access toolbar for constant visibility.

such as File Open. On the right is a list of recently opened files. and you can then click a view name in the list to switch to a view in another file. New File. Display and Navigation s 65 . Closing individual views does not close a project file until you reach the last open view. Export. File Close only appears on the application menu. Click a file name to open that file.Application Menu Click the Revit icon in the upper left of the screen to open the only menu. the application menu. The application menu contains file management controls. Print. File Save. You can switch this list to show open views in open files. and Publish.

66 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .This lesson outlined the basic display and navigation components of the user interface for Autodesk Revit Architecture software.Software Tools .

click Projects > New in the Recent Files window. Select Minimize to Panel Titles. click the names of the tabs one by one to open them. The completed exercise 4. or click New > Project from the application menu. On the ribbon. After you have examined each of them. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab name. 3.Exercise: Display and Hide Ribbon Tabs This exercise shows you how to display and hide tabs on the ribbon. Select Minimize to Tabs from the list. To start a new project. 2. If you select the menu option. The panel titles display under the tab titles. Do this for other tabs. The ribbon tabs disappear except for their titles. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. Display and Hide RibbonTabs 1. click OK in the dialog box that opens. Display and Navigation s 67 . The panels display under the cursor and disappear when the cursor moves away. make the Home tab active.

Minimized panel display is suitable for smaller screens. Close the file without saving. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title. 6.5. Icons for panels display below tab titles. Select Minimize to Panel Buttons. Select Show Full Ribbon to return to the default ribbon display. hid and displayed tabs on the ribbon. 68 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . you opened a project file. Click the arrow immediately to the left of the list arrow you clicked previously. Click the panel title to display the individual tools. and then viewed. In this exercise. 7.Software Tools . Select Cycle Through All. They disappear when you move the cursor away. You can use this control to cycle through the ribbon displays. Click the arrow to the right of the Modify tab title.

2. The completed exercise Context Tabs 1. Exercise 2. The file opens to a 3D view. A copy is also in the courseware datasets.Exercise: Context Tabs This exercise illustrates how to explore tools and commands on context tabs. Quick Start for Revit Architecture. doubleclick the view name. You worked on this file in Getting Started. Open quick_start_building_elements. In the Project Browser. Click the Open File icon on the Quick Access toolbar. Display and Navigation s 69 . The graphics display changes to show the Level 1 Floor Plan. Open view Floor Plan Level 1.rvt.

Clear Walls and Doors. The Modify | Multi-Select context tab opens. The Modify | Walls context tab opens. 5. and windows highlight blue. Click the door in the upper left of the model. the Type Selector list reads Fixed: 36" x 48". 8.3. 70 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . The context tab changes to Modify | Windows. You are selecting everything visible. . all the walls. On the Properties palette. Click and drag the cursor outside the perimeter of the model. Select Fixed: 24" x 48" from the list to change all the selected windows to this type. 4. doors. You are creating a filtered selection set of just the windows in the view.Software Tools . 6. The Modify | Doors context tab opens. Click OK. Click Filter panel > Filter. Click any interior wall. 7. Note that is has fewer panels and tools than the tabs for specific elements. Click the down arrow next to the thumbnail icon to open the Type list.

examined the menus and toolbars. On the Properties palette. On the Modify | Doors context tab. and used the Options Bar to change a selection set of elements.9.rvt. Select Single-Flush 30" x 80" from the list. Click any door. click Create panel > Create Similar. 10. Select any window to verify that it has changed type. the Type Selector shows Single-Flush 36" x 84" selected. 12. 11. Display and Navigation s 71 . Place a door as shown. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Select panel > Modify to terminate the Door tool. Save the file as Unit2_building_elements. Click anywhere in the view to clear the selection set. In this exercise. you opened a project file.

and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Exercises s s s View Controls Work with Families Create Custom Families Key Terms component family menus Options Bar ribbon system family toolbars View Properties view navigation zoom Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. drafting views. lines. operating settings. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. 72 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . and 3D views using the View menu. s Create a new in-place family. floors). annotations. Views can be added to your drawing sheets. s Work with Revit families. and so on) using your cursor combined with the selected View tool. Work with Views and Objects This lesson explores Revit Architecture views and model objects. templates. Revit uses the term family to denote a collection of controls and parameters. schedules. s Navigate around your screen (Zoom. and views. s Modify a standard family to create a new family type. ceiling plan. s Control how things appear on your screen using View Properties. building elements (walls. and elevation views by default. Component families include model objects (furniture. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Pan. either predefined or user-created. You can create sections.Software Tools . s Load and place component families. you: s Change the display in Revit by opening different views. System families include levels. In the exercises. you will be able to: s Use View Controls and Graphic Display options. Engineering. mechanical equipment). display controls. Revit provides floor plan.Working with Views and Objects About This Lesson After completing this lesson.

technology.This lesson relates to science. and math standards. engineering. Working with Views and Objects s 73 .

Click Zoom to Fit. you practice with Zoom and Detail Level controls in a plan view.rvt. Rightclick in the view window.Software Tools . is an extensive database. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. VG also opens the dialog box. First. There is no way to see everything in it. Open Unit2_building_elements. The dialog box opens with the Model Categories on top. even a small one. The elevation markers disappear from the view. Use your keyboard to enter VV. View controls enable you to adjust the display of individual views to see and represent the model as you desire. There is also a copy in the course datasets. Clear the check mark next to Elevations. This is a shortcut to open the View Graphics/Visibility dialog box. Click OK. Views are filters through which you can see representations of the database elements in graphic or table form. Click the Annotation Categories tab. Four elevation markers are visible. 2. Right-click.Exercise: View Controls A building model. The display changes. 3. The completed exercise Visibility 1. 74 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click Zoom to Fit. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.

You will change visibility of elements in another plan view. 6. The interior walls will now display lines to differentiate studs and drywall. Zoom to Fit. 5. Select Detail Level: Medium. In the Project Browser. On the View Control Bar. Select the roof outline. There are two parts to an elevation. Right-click. Click and drag the cursor as shown. 7. so be sure to select them both. This is a shortcut for Zoom to Fit. Right-click. click Detail Level. Enter ZF. The display is enlarged to show the area you defined. select Ceiling Plan Level 1. Click Zoom In Region. Working with Views and Objects s 75 .4. Click Open. You can also use the scroll wheel on a mouse to zoom in and out. Hold down the CTRL key and window-select an elevation marker.

It is the same as the multistep procedure you performed in step 3. Enter VH. click the Zoom list > Zoom to Fit. View Properties 1. Click Zoom to Fit. This is a shortcut to turn off visibility for the categories of selected objects. The Properties palette to the left of the View Window displays View Properties. On the Properties palette. The Underlay enables you to display floors other than the current one for purposes of checking alignment. 76 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .8.Software Tools . Note that in Reflected Ceiling plans. This view is not particularly useful in its current setup. doors and windows are not shown. change the Underlay value to None. You simplify it into a Roof Plan. Turn off visibility of the elevations. On the Navigation Bar at the right of the view window. as before. There is also a Hide Category button on the View Graphics panel of the Modify | MultiSelect tab. 2. Open the Level 2 Floor Plan view.

4. The View Range governs which physical elevations are used for the top and bottom of plan views. click Edit. and where the cut plane sits. Click Yes in the question box about renaming other views. Select the name of the Level 2 Floor Plan in the Project Browser. Scroll to the Extents subsection of the palette. All model views in Revit Architecture are 3D. By setting the cut plane to a level higher than the peak of the roof. Next to View Range. For Name. Set the cut plane value to 7' . Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.0". Right-click. Click Rename.3. Click OK. enter Roof. Working with Views and Objects s 77 . the ridge is now visible.

5.Graphic Display Options 1. select Winter Solstice. click the button to the right of the Sun Setting field. In the Sun Settings dialog box. select Shadows On. 4. select Still. select Shading with Edges. Elevation views are covered in detail in Unit 8. Click Graphic Display Options to open the Graphic Display Options dialog box. On the View Control Bar > Visual Style. Zoom in to make the house fill the screen. under Solar Study. Open Elevation view South. On the View Control Bar > Graphic Display Options. In the dialog box that opens. 3. In the Presets list.Software Tools . 2. Accept the location that activates. 78 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Set the time to 9:30 am.

rvt. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit2_views. The elevation shadows update. You also changed View Properties and used Advanced Model Graphics. 6. Working with Views and Objects s 79 .Notice that there are other controls to specify sun angle directly or by location and time. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. you opened a project file and adjusted visibility characteristics in multiple views.

s A system family. This button enables you to access families that are currently not loaded into your project.rvt. or stand-alone (for example. standard families. Designers who become proficient in Revit Architecture will create their own families of doors. s A standard family can be created by defining the geometry and parameters in the Family Editor. and families in place. There are system families. doors and windows are dependent on walls). Open Floor Plan view Level 1. commercial. 80 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Open Unit2_views. These components are called families and there are several different types. and furniture. or institutional structures. Revit provides you with the basic building components to be used in constructing residential. such as levels. You add closet doors to interior walls. and floors. Revit has a free online library that you can use to expand your designs even more. s In-place families are created within the project and are dependent upon the model geometry. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. objects can be defined as hosted (for example. load. walls. floors. On the Home tab. and annotations are examples of standard families. lights. roofs. Build panel. Doors. furniture. and use a Revit family to place a door. Doors are considered standard family entities. furniture). except they are fully parametric and table-driven. In Revit. click Door. railings. windows. This exercise illustrates how you locate. and place Revit families. Additionally. The completed exercise Use the Revit Architecture Library 1. Many different types can be made for each family and used throughout the project. Revit Architecture families are similar to multiview objects in AutoCAD Architecture. Click Modify | Place Door tab > Mode panel > Load Family. 3. You can modify and define new types of system families by modifying the existing parameters. windows. you open an existing project file. is predefined within Revit.Exercise: Work With Families In this exercise. 2.Software Tools . and so on.

Click Open. You see the family you just loaded listed in the Type Selector of the Properties palette. Working with Views and Objects s 81 . You have families available in many different categories such as Doors. a door appears along with temporary dimensions. Locate Double Panel 2.rvt. 5. Revit snaps weakly to the midpoint of walls. Click Open. Family files have a file extension of *. and Annotation. s s 6.Your file browser automatically opens to a default library based on the units selected when Revit was installed. Accept the default size. On the Modify | Place Door tab. If you highlight a door family. Tag panel. 4. you will see a preview of what the door looks like in the Preview window. Furniture. The temporary dimensions display the location of the door placement.rfa. You click to place an instance of the door family. Project files have a file extension of *.rfa. verify that Tag on Placement is not selected (white). As you move your cursor near any wall. The Door Insertion tool stays active. It has a number of different sizes defined. Click the Doors folder.

It snaps to the midpoint of the wall.Software Tools . you located. Your dimensions will probably differ from those shown. Place an instance of the door as shown. 8. To edit a temporary dimension and relocate the door. loaded. You can flip the door by using the blue directional arrows.rvt. Temporary dimensions display until you place another door or terminate the Door tool by selecting Modify. and placed instances of a door family. Place two more instances of the door as shown.7. In this exercise. The dimensions redisplay if you select the door again. simply click it. Save the file as Unit2_doors_walls. 9. The door is placed facing the side of the wall where you click. An edit box displays in which you can enter a new value. 82 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . but not strongly.

and create an in-place family. enter 48" x 80". modify a door family. 4. For Name. you open an existing project file. click Duplicate. Click OK. The completed exercise Modify an Existing Family 1. This door needs to be 48" wide.Exercise: Create Custom Families In this exercise. The Type Selector lists the available sizes for this door type. The required width is not available. You worked on this file in the previous exercise.rvt. The file opens to Floor Plan view Level 1. In the Type Properties dialog box. Select the double door as shown. 5. 3. 2. Click Properties palette > Edit Type. Working with Views and Objects s 83 . Open Unit2_doors_walls.

The door updates. On the Home tab. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. 84 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . Click OK. 5. The most effective way to make sure that space is allowed. You can enter inch values if you put " after the digits (as in 80"). 4. click Component > Model In-Place. Revit adjusts them to foot-inch readings. Create an In-Place Family In our hypothetical design. The ribbon changes to the Family Editor environment. Build panel. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion. enter Hall Clock. Click OK. In the dialog box. 3.6. The Depth field on the Options Bar updates. is to create a component family in place. and to provide a way to see a representation of the clock in interior elevations. Edit the Height and Width dimension fields as shown.Software Tools . 2. imagine that the client has an heirloom grandfather clock and wants it to be a featured part of the main hall. set the Extrusion End value to 6". select Generic Models. 1. For Name. On the Properties palette.

Click InPlace Editor panel > Finish Model. Working with Views and Objects s 85 . Click OK.0' 2". Set the Extrusion Start value to 6" and the Extrusion End value to 5' 6". In this exercise. Set the Lines mode to Rectangle with an Offset of .6. You have created the base of the clock.2".4" as shown. Draw a rectangle approximately 1' x 1' . loaded. 11. Revit will display . 7. and placed a door family.rvt. The exact dimensions and location are not critical. 10. Click Mode panel > Finish as before. Save the file as Unit2_custom_family. The family model updates. Click Mode panel > Finish (green check mark). 12. Click Home tab > Forms panel > Extrusion as before. On the Draw panel. you located. 9. as shown. click Rectangle. 13. 8. You also created an in-place family using Extrusions. Sketch a rectangle inside the previous one.

s When did computers become widely used as building design tools? 86 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools . s Discuss the development of computers in the 20th century. Science The discovery of quantum mechanics is said to form the basis of computing technology and nanoscience. The wide availability of rapid calculations has made big changes in the way building design is carried out.STEM Connections Background Computers have replaced drafting tables throughout the building design industry. Designers now use Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) and Building Information Modeling (BIM) tools rather than pencil and paper.

s What is binary math. s What is Moore's Law. s How has the development of 3D design software affected the way houses are built? Math Computers do not use algebra or calculus to operate. and how does it apply to software tools? Engineering Computer screens now enable you to look at a building design from any angle. and how does it apply to software tools? STEM Connections s 87 . rather than drawing perspective views by hand.Technology Processing power for computers has continued to grow over the years.

s Change view properties. Double-click the view name in the Project Browser. You can control how tabs display on the ribbon. a. Zoom to an area designated by a rectangle drawn on the view by the user. d. context tabs. Highlight the view name in the Project Browser. c. 88 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 . To activate a view: a. Either a or b. Spin the model in 3D space. Zoom in Region is used to: a. b. s Change type properties of a family. b. False 2. and Options Bar. Each project has several predefined views. Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. Zoom to an area selected by a right click. s Create an in-place model family. 7. Go to View > View Name in the menu. False 5. All content tools are located on the ribbon. tab. and place a family from a library. Set the display mode to Shaded with Edges. and click Open. c. True b. s Adjust Visual Style Options. c. a. The tool shown is used to: a. s Access. Zoom to the entire model. load.Software Tools . False 4. Views can be renamed. Right-click. Turn on Shadows. True b. True b. a. True b. s Change view displays. False 3. s Adjust Advanced Model Graphics and sun settings. b. Zoom to an area selected by a left click. 6. d. depending on the template selected. Create a 3D perspective view. s Open different views. a. you learned to: s Navigate the user interface: ribbon. d.

Multiview b. Standard b. Blocks c.8. Project Browser d. Scroll d. Custom Summary/Questions s 89 . etc. If you have a scroll wheel mouse. windows. System c. The Underlay setting of a view can be changed in the _________ . depending on settings 9. a. Visibility/Graphics Overrides dialog box b. A family created within a project is called ________________. In-Place d. Parts d. Rotate c. Properties palette 10.) are called: a. Families 11. The building components used in Revit Architecture (doors. you can use the scroll wheel to: a. All of the above. Graphics Display Options dialog box c. Pan and Zoom b. a.

90 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 2 .Software Tools .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style. s Create dimensions and text. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a New Sheet. 3. s Create a project template. s Create labels. s Work with sheets and viewports s Create a title block. Lesson Plan 1. s Set project units. 7. 2. 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Set Units. 4. you will be able to: s Select a project template. (Evaluation) Introduction s 91 . s Create dimension and text styles. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Template.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 3 . s Duplicate and modify views. 8.Standards and Building Codes About This Unit After completing this unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Insert a Title Block. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Title Block. 9. (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Select a Template. Review Revit Architecture setup. 5.

Many cities and counties have their own rules. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. The American Institute of Architecture Students (AIAS) is an organization for students interested in pursuing a career in architecture. Key Terms AIA attribute commercial dimension dual notation imperial label landscape layout metric permanent dimensions portrait plot scale ratio residential scale sheet temporary dimensions text title block units view Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and so forth. and symbols to be used in architectural drafting. Technology. defining the layers. Describe drawing scale and dimension styles.Standards and Building Codes About This Lesson Architectural and construction design must follow rules and standards. to make it easier to check drawings that are being submitted to their planning departments. linetypes.aia. colors. linetypes. and the settings that are preset within them. Identify the different sheet sizes and how they should be named. Describe title blocks and the contents that are typically included in them.Standards and Building Codes . Engineering.org. should be used. Visit the AIAS website at www. After completing this lesson. Visit the AIA website at www. To review the list of standards for each lesson.aias. and Language Arts. based on the AIA standards. The rules dictate how drawing sheets should be numbered and what symbols. Math (STEM). The American Institute of Architects (AIA) establishes the rules for architectural drafting. colors. 92 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Explain why templates are used. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe drawing units and how they are measured in drawings.org.

This lesson relates to technology. engineering. and math standards. Standards and Building Codes s 93 . Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

in order for a room to be considered a bedroom. If it lacks any of these components. with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. a common area (such as a living room or family room). defined and adopted by convention. Drawing Units Architectural drawing. doors.Building Codes The Uniform Building Code establishes the rules for building design. and so on. The rules are meant to ensure that buildings are safe for people. A garage must be completely enclosed. A unit is a particular physical quantity. If there is a fire. The value of a physical quantity is the quantitative expression of a particular physical quantity as the product of a number and a unit. otherwise it is considered a carport. and so on. windows. it must have at least one door. like mechanical drawing. 94 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . a bathroom. The Uniform Building Code also defines what constitutes a bedroom. Most states have their own building codes that take into consideration environmental and social issues specific to that state. a garage. Each bedroom or upper floor room that is adjacent to the exterior must have at least one window large enough to accommodate a firefighter with a backpack.Standards and Building Codes . For example. and one closet. A good example of a Building Code rule applies to bedroom windows on an upper floor. The numerical value of a particular physical quantity depends on the unit in which it is expressed. the firefighter must be able to get into the room easily to fight the fire and save the people inside. one window. the number being its numerical value. uses a system of units to define the size of a structure and its components: walls. it cannot be called a bedroom.

Location dimensions deal with the actual placement of an object or structure. the views must be scaled in order for the entire building to be plotted on a sheet of paper. also known as the International System of Units. This means that every dimension is shown using metric units and imperial units. as they find this the easiest way to communicate with consultants and government agencies. Another method is to apply dual notation. is 169 m. the construction industry still uses the English. Size dimensions indicate the overall size of an object. unit symbol ft. using imperial units. Scale and Dimensions Because buildings are large. while noting the width of studs (2 x 4) and so forth.. units are applied to dimensions. Standards and Building Codes s 95 . Many architects are beginning to draft using the metric system. in the United States. In architectural drafting. Some architects deal with this by applying metric dimensions to those items they can control. its value is expressed in the unit meter. the value of the height h of the Washington Monument is h = 169 m = 555 ft. or imperial. such as room size and wall height. and other materials.For example. glass. Here h is the physical quantity. unit symbol m. Many architects in the United States continue to use only imperial units. There are two basic types of dimensions: size and location. The value of h expressed in the unit foot. and its numerical value when expressed in meters is 169.. system (inches and feet) to order lumber. and its numerical value when expressed in feet is 555. is 555 ft. However.

line weight and pattern. and the size and shape of the tick marks that define the measuring point. and most architectural offices use 96 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . for example 1/8" = 1'-0". can you calculate the size of the paper? E-size? (See the end of this section for the answer) The AIA has several recommended naming conventions for sheets. dimension styles control the appearance of dimensions: font and text size. Each size is designated by a letter. This means that if you plot a drawing at 1/8" = 1'0". In Revit Architecture.Scales are ratios. Dimensions scale with other view contents when viewports are placed on sheets for plotting. This is actually equal to 1:96 scale. QUESTION: If your customer demands his documentation in D-size sheets. Most offices define a title block for each sheet size used for their documentation.) 8. Sheets Sheets in technical drafting can be different sizes.5*2 (H) = 11(W) x 17 (H). If you were to get a ruler out and measure the objects on your drawing. The format typically used for architectural scales is an inch value equal to one foot. LETTER A B C D SIZE (in.5 X 11 11 X 17 17 X 22 22 X 34 An easy way to figure out what size sheet is designated by which letter is to start by knowing that a standard 8-1/2 (H) x 11 (W) sheet of paper is A. one value representing another value. Each letter size after this is W x 2*H of the previous size. Revit Architecture accomplishes this automatically with a system of view scale. sheets.Standards and Building Codes . and viewports. every 1/8" would represent 1'. everything in your drawing gets scaled down ninety-six times when it is plotted. because there are ninety-six 1/8 inches in a foot (12 x 8). A B-size sheet of paper is 11 (W) x 8.

notes Demolition. You create multiple sheets in a Revit project. A sheet for an exterior elevation showing structural detail would be numbered S3. elevators. a sheet for the first-floor floor plan would be numbered A4. and then add a title block or other symbols. each of which contains different plot scales and paper sizes.a modified version of the AIA standard. and a decimal refers to the drawing order under the type. escalators Exterior details Interior details For example. Standards and Building Codes s 97 . The integers go from 0 to 9. site plan. You create and position views. A sheet in Revit Architecture simulates a sheet of paper and provides a predictable plotting setup. exterior elevations Floor plans Interior elevations Reflected ceiling plans Stairs. Integer 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Drawing Type Index. can you calculate the size of the paper? A D-size sheet of paper is 22 (W) x 34 (H). symbols. Project drawing sheets are grouped by a sheet-type prefix that identifies the discipline for each sheet: SHEET TYPE Prefixes A S M E P F C L Discipline Architectural Structural Mechanical/HVAC Electrical Plumbing Fire Protection Civil Engineering/Site Landscape The prefix is followed by a number where the integer refers to the type of drawing. ANSWER If your customer demands his documentation in E-size sheets. An E-size sheet of paper is 34 (W) x 22*2 (H) = 34 (H) x 44 (W). temporary Schedules Sections.01.01.

and so on. The column is divided into sections. The paper is oriented landscape. The AIA has enacted certain standards as to the appearance of title blocks for architectural and construction drawings. annotation plot sizes. Object styles and display controls can also be preset in a template.Title Blocks A title block is like a title page to a report or a book cover. It identifies the drawing with a title or description. you can create separate template files that have preset settings according to the corresponding projects. drawing scales. Remaining spaces are used for any consultants involved in the project. and other relevant information. that is. The next space is for tracking revisions. the date drawn. followed by information on the building's owner. and layer standards. Each building project must comply with a specific standard. For example. the title block is a single column on the right side of the paper. The final sections are for the sheet title and number. Most architectural firms create a template for each standard they need to meet. and graphics that need only a small amount of customization of text. a firm may have a template for San Francisco-Residential to use for any residential projects to be constructed 98 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Templates A template is a master copy of a file used as a starting point to design new documents.Standards and Building Codes . the author of the drawing. You can use the templates that are installed with Revit Architecture to begin a project. so that the height is less than the width. the HVAC company. The standard will be dictated by the type of building (residential or commercial) and the location of the project. Because different projects and types of buildings require different documentation drawings. and then modify the settings in the drawing and save it as a template that you use as a future starting point. the electrician. A template may be as simple as a blank document in the desired size and orientation. Templates are usually preset with drawing units. or as elaborate as a nearly complete design with placeholder text. the name and address of the architectural firm are located at the top space. Typically. Usually. fonts.

and so forth. layer settings.in the City of San Francisco. dimension and text styles. required symbols. Standards and Building Codes s 99 . title blocks. The template will contain the required sheets/layouts.

Math (STEM). These can be used to build your model. You can use one of the templates installed with Revit to begin a project. dimension styles. Revit comes with templates using imperial or metric units. Revit templates also contain preloaded sets of component families such as doors. Engineering. 100 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Technology.Settings About This Lesson In this lesson. and Language Arts. and walls. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. windows. you use templates that are preset with drawing units. Key Terms dimension elevation markers family imperial label load menu object properties Project Browser sheet styles template title block view view properties Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and sheets as your starting point in Revit Architecture.Standards and Building Codes . views.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. and math standards.This lesson relates to technology. Settings s 101 . engineering.

click Browse. Templates also contain basic sets of object styles and display controls specific to working with objects in Revit. you use templates as starting points. 2. A residential building is a single-family dwelling.Exercise: Select a Template In this exercise. Use one of the templates installed with Revit and you can get started on a project immediately. click New > Project. 102 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . On the application menu. Open Revit to an empty project file. apartments. Select a Template 1. factory. You access templates that are included with Revit Architecture. The completed exercise s s s A commercial building is a building used for a business. Templates are empty files that are preset with drawing units and views that you use in a typical project. or store. In Revit.Standards and Building Codes . you create a new project file using a template. 3. Revit provides you with a set of templates specific to different project types. and town houses usually use commercial building templates. Condominiums. In the New Project dialog box.

Settings s 103 . you started a new project file using a standard template. Click OK. In this exercise. saving set up time.4. Sheets are already set up for documenting the project. On the application menu. 6. Click Open. click Close to close this project without saving.rte template file from the Imperial Templates folder. 5. You are now ready to start work on a new project in an environment that has been optimized for the particular type of project. Revit opens a new project with preset views for a standard two-story residential dwelling. Select the Residential-Default.

To place a wall in the view: s On the Home tab. In the Project Browser. Click to start a new wall. This exercise illustrates how you control the units in your drawing model. expand Floor Plans under Views. you open an existing file and set the units to be applied to the model. In this exercise. In the courseware datasets folder. The Wall tool remains active. s s Notice the blue temporary dimensions in millimeters. The Project Units dialog Set Project Units 1. Revit Architecture has templates for imperial (feet) and metric (millimeters) measurement.Exercise: Set Units With Revit Architecture templates. Build panel. Double-click Floor Plans > 00 Foundation to open that view. You can customize your template by changing the drawing setup values. click Wall. open ADA__Settings. Press ESC to cancel the wall. the drawing setup options are preset.Standards and Building Codes . 2. 3. The file opens to a 3D view. Pull the cursor to the right. s Place the cursor over the left wall. 104 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .rvt.

Place the cursor over the left wall. (The keyboard shortcut is UN. and move the cursor right.4. (This means that dimensions will display m next to the numeral. click to start a new wall.) 6. Click OK twice to save the setting change. In this exercise.) s Select Suppress Training 0's. 8. Notice the change in the blue temporary dimensions. Close the file without saving. Click Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units. Press ESC to cancel the wall. 7. 5. Settings s 105 . you opened an existing file and changed the unit settings. Click Format for Length. For Format: s Set Units to Meters. s Set Unit symbol to m. s Set Rounding to 1 Decimal Place.

On the Annotate tab. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. 2. 106 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . create. In the Type Properties dialog box. Click OK. temporary and permanent. Each dimension style automatically adjusts for different view scales.Standards and Building Codes . Permanent dimensions are created explicitly by the user to capture design intent. or insert components. click Edit Type. Temporary dimensions display when you select. 3. Open ADA_Dimensions. Dimension panel. click Duplicate. Because Revit Architecture is a parametric modeling software application. Study the dimension options that appear on the Options Bar. The completed exercise Modify a Dimension Style to Create a New Style This exercise shows how to define different permanent dimension styles based on the appearance of the dimension text and lines.Exercise: Modify a Dimension Style In Revit Architecture. enter Big Text.rvt. On the Properties palette. 1. there are two types of dimensions. but also control the size and location of objects. dimensions snap to wall centerlines. Elements will change location or size based on changes to the dimensions. By default. 4. dimensions not only display. For Name. click Aligned.

6. left. Drag the dimension to the left of the view. and bottom horizontal walls. 7. Click to place. s Set Centerline Symbol to Centerline. s Set Centerline Pattern to Dash Dot. s Set Text Size to 3/16".5. Select the top. In the Properties dialog box: s Set Line Weight to 2. s Set Witness Line Extension to 3/16". The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. s Click OK twice. Settings s 107 . The Dimension tool is still active.

9. upper. The Dimension tool stays active. In this exercise.Standards and Building Codes . 108 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Close the file without saving. Note the differences between the two dimension styles. created a new dimension style. Click to place the dimension. Drag the dimension to the top of the view. s s s Select the far left.8. you opened an existing file. and far right vertical walls. and then applied permanent dimensions to walls. Use the Type Selector to make Linear the current Linear Dimension Style.

Copy of Level 1 displays in the Project Browser under Floor Plans. you modify a view and place it on a sheet in a project file. In the Project Browser.Exercise: Create a New Sheet In this exercise.rvt. In order to do this. 2. you create a copy of the view Floor Plan: Level 1. place the cursor over the view name Floor Plan: Level 1. Notice the door and window tags. Right-click. open the project ADA_New_Sheet. The file opens to view Floor Plan: Level 1. These are annotations. The completed exercise Duplicate and Modify a Plan View 1. In the datasets folder. There are no annotations visible. 3. and the view window displays the new plan. Click Duplicate View > Duplicate. Settings s 109 . You need drawing sheets to hold both a Floor Plan and a Furniture Plan of Level 1.

click Project Information. 9. In the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Settings panel. Click Rename. 1. 5. 7. Rename the view Level 1 Furniture.4. 110 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click Properties palette > Visibility/Graphics > Edit. Click OK. 6. The Instance Properties dialog box displays with Project Information fields. 8. select Floor Plan: Level 1. On the Manage tab.Standards and Building Codes . select or clear the check box of the desired object category. turn off the visibility of the following categories: s Casework s Furniture s Lighting Fixtures s Specialty Equipment To toggle visibility on or off. Model Categories tab. In the Project Browser. In the Project Browser. right-click Floor Plan: Copy of Level 1. You can also enter the keyboard shortcuts VG or VV. Click OK to update the display of this view. Double-click to open it. You turn off the visibility of all of the furniture and electrical equipment within this view. Set Project Information Editing the Project Information parameters enables the project information to be automatically passed to the title block on drawing sheets.

click Edit. Edit the remaining Project Setting parameters using the following information. In the Value column of Project Address. Click Sheets (all) in the Project Browser. You can also enter the address of your school. The next exercise teaches you how to create a custom title block. Settings s 111 . Click New Sheet. You can also click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet. (Title blocks are automatically embedded in the sheet size selected. 2. Click OK. Enter the address as shown. 3. highlight the title block displayed in the list.) 3. Click OK. The sheet appears in the Project Browser and in the graphics window. In the Select Titleblocks dialog box. or supply your own values: Click OK. 2.Add a Sheet 1. Rightclick.

Standards and Building Codes .4. Notice the change to the title block. Add a View to the Sheet 1. s The Properties palette shows information about the title block. Next. 112 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . It is automatically filled in when you place your views. change the following values: s Sheet Name: Level 1 Plan s Sheet Number: A4. you add the view Floor Plan: Level 1 to the sheet. In the Identity Data and Other sections. Click Apply.01 s Checked By: Your instructor's name s Designed By: Your first initial and last name s Approved By: Your instructor's name s Drawn By: Your first initial and last name The Scale is a read-only value. 5. To edit the title block properties and to modify the values in the title block fields: s Select the title block. s Click View tab > Sheet Composition panel > View.

Select Deactivate View. Click Activate View. 2. Right-click in the view. Select the new viewport.s s s You can also drag and drop the view from the Project Browser onto the sheet. 4. Right-click. Highlight Floor Plan: Level 1 from the view list. Settings s 113 . Use the View Control Bar Scale control to set the View Scale to 1:20. Click to place the view onto the middle of your sheet. Select Add View to Sheet. You see the view at the end of your cursor. 3. It is small compared to the size of the sheet.

s Changed the scale of the view on the sheet. of the sheet. Place the cursor 7. The Scale updates in the title block. Close the file without saving. s Modified the values of the fields in the title block using the Project Information and Element Properties dialog boxes. over the edge of the viewport and click to In this exercise. you: select it. 114 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Click away from the viewport to s Duplicated and edited a plan view. Drag the viewport to the center s Opened an existing project file. 6.5.Standards and Building Codes . The view updates on the sheet. deselect it. s Added a sheet. The cursor changes to a four-headed drag arrow. Finish the move. s Placed a view on the sheet.

rft. On the application menu. you start a new family file and create a title block from scratch. Settings s 115 .5. The completed exercise Draft a Title Block 1. 2. Select A-11x8.Exercise: Create a Title Block In this exercise. A copy of the 11 x 8. 4. Start Revit Architecture. click New > Titleblock. It opens to the Recent Files window. 3. The template consists of lines representing the paper border (minus printer margins). Click Open. This is one of the longer exercises.5 title block template opens. Navigate to the Imperial Templates > Titleblocks folder.

5.

On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line.

6.

Next, you create a vertical line 2-1/2" from the right border (3" from the right sheet edge). With the Line command still active, select the Pick (arrow) icon from the Options Bar. Set Offset to 2 1/2".

On the Draw panel, click the Rectangle sketching tool. On the Options Bar, enter an Offset value of -1/2" (negative).

Place the cursor over the right edge of the border you sketched in the previous step. The direction you move the cursor towards the border line determines the offset placement. Once the green dashed line appears to the left, select the line. Tip: By setting the offset to a negative value, the resulting rectangle will offset to the inside of the sketched points. Select the lower left corner of the sheet and the upper right corner of the sheet to place a 1/2" border on the sheet.

This places a vertical line 2 1/2" to the left of the right margin. You have divided the page outline into two panels.

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7.

To draw the next lines: s In the Draw pane, click the Line option. s On the Options Bar, clear the Chain option. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 0. s Sketch a line 1/2" up from the bottom margin of the right panel.

9.

Sketch another horizontal line 1-1/2" above the upper line as shown.

8.

Sketch another horizontal line 3" above the last line as shown.

10. Next, you thicken the line weight of two horizontal lines. Select Modify from the Select panel. Select the two lines as shown. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one object at the same time.

Settings

s

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11. From the Type Selector list, Identity Data, Subcategory, select Wide Lines.

Add a Company Logo
Now you can add an image file. 1. On the Insert tab, click Import panel > Image.

2.

Select the file Company_Logo.jpg. This file can be found in the courseware datasets folder. Click Open to load the image into the project. You can also use the logo for your school if you wish. Click to place the image in the upper right panel you made by drawing lines. Click away from the image to finish positioning it. You can use the blue grips to scale the image, and you can drag it so it fits in the space.

3.

If you zoom in close, you can see the lineweight change.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 - Standards and Building Codes

Add Text to the Title Block
Next, you define new text styles to use in the title block. 1. On the Text panel of the Home tab, click Text.

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Click Edit Type to open the Text Type for modification.

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Click the Type Selector drop-down arrow. There is only one text note type; it is called Text Note 1.

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Click Rename. Enter 1/4" as the name for the existing text type. Click OK.

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Click Duplicate. For Name, enter 1/4" Bold for the new text type.

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Select Bold. Click Apply.

11. You now see all four text types listed.

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Click Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/8". Click OK. 12. The Text placement tool is still active. Select 1/4" Bold from the Type Selector list as the text style. Drag a rectangular text box beneath the company logo. Use the image below as a reference.

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Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/8". Clear the Bold parameter. Click Apply.

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Select Duplicate again. For Name, enter 1/16" for the new text type. Click OK.

10. Modify the Text Size parameter to 1/16". Click OK twice to close the Properties dialog box.

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13. Enter the name of your school.

You can use the blue grips to lengthen or shorten the text field. Move grips to position it in the space without exiting the Text tool. Text will wrap inside the box. 14. Next, you add an additional text note using the second new text style. From the Type Selector list, select Text: 1/8". In the space below the company logo and school name, drag a second text note rectangle.

15. You sketch three new lines above the lower horizontal line that you added earlier in the exercise. s Click Modify. s On the Home tab, Detail panel, click Line. s From the Type Selector list, select Title Blocks as the line type. s On the Draw panel, click Pick. s On the Options Bar, set Offset to 1/2".

Enter the address of your school. Press ENTER to start a new line inside the text box.

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16. Select the bottom horizontal line of the right pane. Click to place an offset line above it. Place three offset lines in total.

Add Labels
Revit labels look like text but are smarter. Labels show information assigned in file properties, object/entity properties, or by the user as a custom property. 1. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Label.

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On the Format panel, click the icons for Right and Bottom alignment as shown.

17. Click Modify. On the Home tab, Text panel, click Text. 18. Set the current text style in the Type Selector to 1/16". 19. Enter text into each section as shown. Once you have placed one item of text, you can line up the text using the snap line next to the cursor. Once you have placed text, you can adjust its position by selecting it and using the arrow keys to nudge it left-right or up-down.

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The first label you create is the Project Issue Date. Place the cursor near the lower right corner of the date field and click.

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4.

You need to specify the information fields for the new label. In the Edit label dialog box: s From the Category Parameters list, select Project Issue Date. s Click Add.

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Change the Text Size to 1/8". Click OK. The label now fits properly in the space.

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Under Sample Value, edit the sample value as shown. You can also put today's date.

This value is simply a place holder. The actual value will be assigned in a project. 5. Click OK Use the blue dot grips to position the label under the date.
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On the Family tab, click Label. Revit Architecture will provide snap lines for alignment with the previous label.

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You see that the text is too large for the field. Click Modify. Select the label. On the Properties palette, click Edit Type.

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In this exercise. 11. Accept the Sample Value. click Save to save the title block. you created a title block using a template file. select Drawn By. Add a label for Checked By. click Close.9. 10. Save the title block as A . s Click Add. On the application menu. 13. 14. Add a label above the date for the Sheet Name. Change the alignment options to Center and Bottom. On the Quick Access toolbar. You also created new text styles and learned how to define and apply labels to a title block. To specify the label contents: s From the Category Parameters list. Navigate to the Imperial Templates/Titleblocks folder. 15.rfa. s Accept the Sample Value. Your teacher may specify another location. Accept the Sample Value. Right-click. 12. 124 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Add a label for Sheet Number. Click Zoom to Fit.Standards and Building Codes . Accept the Sample Value.Landscape.

This exercise illustrates how to load custom title blocks. On the View tab. 5. A new sheet has been added and is the current view. Highlight the title block and click OK. you create a new project file. Your title block is now displayed in the list. In the Recent Files window. The title block appears in the graphics window. Notice that the title block you created in the previous exercise is not in this list. Revit Architecture comes with several standard title blocks for your use. Settings s 125 . and then load a custom title block into your project. Click Load to add additional title blocks to the list. Click Open. Insert a Title Block 1. The completed exercise Browse to the Imperial Library/Titleblocks folder or other location where you stored the title block family you created in the previous exercise. 2. Locate your title block. A dialog box displays the current list of title blocks.Exercise: Insert a Title Block In this exercise. 3. click Sheet Composition panel > Sheet to add a sheet to the project. click New to create a new project using the default template. 4.

s For Checked By. enter your name. 4. Save as Unit3_file_with_sheet. Select the title block. In this exercise.Modify the Title Block Within a Project 1. 5. The parameters on the title block will update as shown.rvt in a location determined by your instructor. On the Manage tab. s For Drawn By. On the Properties palette. 6. Click Zoom to Fit. 126 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . Change the Project Issue Date to today's date. Settings panel. edit the following fields: s For Sheet Name. Click OK.Standards and Building Codes . enter your instructor's name. and then loaded a title block and modified the values in the title block fields. Click OK. you a created a new project file. Click OK. click Project Information. enter Student Project Unit 3. The Issue Date label on the title block is updated. 3. 2.

Exercise: Create a Template Project templates are files that provide initial conditions for a project. you create a new project file. Settings you can define for a custom template include: s Colors: Define colors for line styles and families. such as 3D and plan views. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. Create a Template In this exercise. 2. Click OK. s Title Blocks: Create a set of title blocks for your project. On the application menu. s Families: Load in families you use most often. Any new project based on a template inherits all families. Load the title block you created in the previous exercise to make it part of this template file. s Dimensions: Define the look and size of dimensions for the project. s Units: Specify the unit of measurement for length. and geometry from the template. s Line Style: Define line styles for components and lines in a project. in addition to predefined wall types. a dimension style. s Fill Patterns: Define fill patterns for materials. and the units for your custom template. 1. select Project Template. and slope angle. you define the title block. and then implement some of the skills you have learned in the previous exercises to set up a template. In the New Project dialog box. 3. Fill patterns are commonly used in walls. settings. including how the rendered image looks. s Object Styles: Define the display of components in various views. s Lineweights: Define lineweights for model and annotation components. On the Insert tab. and then load them like families. s Materials: Define materials for modeling components. This exercise shows how to define a template for use in future projects. There are various settings you can define for your template. The completed exercise Settings s 127 . click New > Project. s Temporary Dimensions: Set display and placement of temporary dimensions. s Modifying Wall Types: Define custom wall types for your project. s Snaps: Set snapping increments for the model views. In this exercise. angles.

rfa. 8.Landscape. On the Manage tab. click Duplicate. 10. Next. 6. On the Annotate tab. Click OK. 128 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . There will be no visible change. Open the title block A . Set Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4".Standards and Building Codes .4. enter 3/16" Verdana. 5. click Dimension panel list > Linear Dimension Types. 7. Click the Length field in the Format column. click Settings panel > Project Units. For Name. 9. create a Dimension Style. In the Type Properties dialog box. You create a custom dimension style. Click OK twice. Set the units for the template.

Click New Sheet. Click OK. Change the following settings as shown: 13. Highlight the Sheet name in your Project Browser. The new dimension style is displayed in the Type Selector. 12. Click OK.11. Rightclick. enter your name in Drawn By and your teacher's name in Checked By. On the Properties palette. Click Dimension panel > Aligned. 14. 15.Landscape title block you preloaded in Step 2. select Sheets (All). In the Project Browser. Select the A . Settings s 129 .

as well as dimension style and units. Save the file name as A-English template. 17. Check with your instructor to see if there are any other changes to be made in your template. you created a new template file using a dimension style.rte. title block. Save your project template in your class project folder. In this exercise. and units that you defined. You can use this template for future projects. You have now set up your template with a default sheet title block. 130 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .Standards and Building Codes . Click OK. The title block updates.16.

and for this reason they always include a measure of redundancy. s How would you test to see if a given wall-covering fabric will be safe in a fire? s What do you measure other than flammability? Technology New materials. and why is it important? STEM Connections s 131 .STEM Connections Wall ties Background Construction documents contain complex information presented in condensed. s How do wall ties function in masonry veneer construction? s What are the spacing and fastening requirements for masonry wall ties in your local building code? Math Building codes often specify minimums that must be met for safety and health. s How has the development of high-strength glues affected construction standards? s How has the development of strong lightweight plastic affected construction standards? Engineering Building specifications and standards set out rules for construction practices to ensure safety. Science Building materials must be stable and safe under extreme conditions. are constantly being developed by the building industry. or new combinations of existing materials. s What is the minimum allowable ratio of window area to floor area in bedrooms in the national building code. Building codes are meant to provide clear instructions for safe construction and habitation. abstract format.

is defined as what? a. An architect b. a. and symbols used in drawing? a. What standards group has established rules dealing with title blocks.02 132 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 . dimension styles. s Create labels.02 b. Using AIA Standards. s Create a template. s Create a title block. s Create a dimension style. NCTM d. P. 1:12 c.Summary/Questions Summary In this Autodesk Revit Architecture lesson. A. 1:24 d. a. False 3. Metric d.05 c. A particular physical quantity. s Create dimensions. UBC c. defined and adopted by convention with which other particular quantities of the same kind are compared to express their value. English c. The UBC is used to define safety and construction rules in building design. AIA b. you learned to: s Set units in a file. 1:3 b.Standards and Building Codes . s Change lineweight. A unit 4. S. s Create text. s Create a text style. a.02 d. A. s Change dimension colors. what sheet number would you use for a Plumbing Schedule. True b. What is the calculated scale of 3/8" = 1'-0". General Questions 1. NCSESA 2. 1:32 5.

Wall centerlines c. Manage tab > Settings panel > Project Units c. you click: a. To set the units in a project. Application menu > Properties b. True b. Dimension styles are defined using Type Properties. View tab > Sheet Composition panel > Sheet c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. In Revit Architecture. Options dialog box > Linear Units 2. False Summary/Questions s 133 . False 6. dimensions snap to: a. a. a. a. To change the scale of a view. you use: a. Project Tools dialog box > Units d. Manage tab > Settings panel > New Sheet 5. Point offsets 3. By default. To create a new sheet. False 4. True b. Wall midpoints d. True b. use the View Visibility/Graphics dialog box. Wall faces b. Application menu > New > Sheet b. Insert tab > Import panel > New Sheet d. title blocks are embedded in sheet definitions.

Standards and Building Codes .134 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 3 .

(Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Walls. 6. Review Wall Function and Structure (Demonstration and Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Walls. s Align walls. s Trim and extend walls. Lesson Plan 1.Walls About This Unit After completing this unit. 4. (Student) Complete Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 4 . 5. 3. (Student) Complete Exercise: Define a Wall Structure. s Define a wall structure. (Student) Evaluate Students. you will be able to: s Create a wall. 2. (Evaluation) Introduction s 135 .

136 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .Walls . and protect its interior spaces. separate. List the different types of occupancy. and what requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for building walls. you will be able to: s s s s s Describe how to use space planning to determine where to place walls in a building. or filling in between. them. or they may consist of a framework of columns and beams with nonstructural panels attached to. Describe load-bearing walls and partition walls.About Walls About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of walls. They may be load-bearing structures of standardized or composite construction designed to support necessary loads from floors and roofs. Walls are the vertical constructions of a building that enclose. Identify the materials that are typically used to construct walls. their construction and materials. After completing this lesson. Describe platform framing and balloon framing.

Key Terms
balloon framing dwelling egress exterior flagstone fire block load-bearing partition fire-stop gypsum inside-out design interior occupancy occupancy load partition platform framing roof plate sill plate structure stud top plate

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

Space Planning
Before you can determine where and what type of walls should be used when you design a structure, you must plan what you want to do with the space that you have. Space planning is an inside-out design process in which you define the interior spaces of your building, and then define the boundary around those spaces. As you design from the inside out, think of spaces as equivalent to rooms. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. When designing a building, you should use dimensional planning and other material efficiency strategies. These strategies reduce the amount of building materials needed and cut construction costs. For example, you can design rooms on 4-ft. multiples to conform to standard-sized wallboard and plywood sheets.

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Once you have determined the size and location of the rooms, you can determine the type and location of the walls.

For example, if you design a new home, you must first decide what type of living space you need. A single family dwelling would have a kitchen, living room, and at least one bedroom and one bathroom. Other rooms might be added for convenience such as a dining room, entertainment rooms, and additional bedrooms and bathrooms. You need to decide on the placement of each of these spaces, in addition to the number of levels you want to have. When designing any structure, you must take into consideration who is going to use the structure, and how it is going to be used. For example, a person with disabilities or an older person may not be able to use stairs; therefore, a single level home may be appropriate. If a family with small children will be living in the home, you would most likely want to have other bedrooms in close proximity to the master bedroom. Design with adequate space to facilitate recycling collection and to incorporate a solid waste management program that prevents waste generation.

Wall Types
Load-bearing walls carry the structural weight of your home. Load-bearing walls include all exterior walls, and any interior walls that are aligned above support beams. Because exterior walls serve as a protective shield against the weather for the interior spaces of a building, their construction should control the passage of heat, infiltrating air, sound, moisture, and water vapor. The material used on the exterior shell of a wall should be durable and resistant to the

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weathering effects of sun, wind, and rain. Building codes specify the fire-resistance rating of exterior walls, load-bearing walls, and interior partitions.

Partition Walls
Partition walls are interior walls that are not load-bearing. Partition walls have a single top plate. They can be perpendicular to the floor and ceiling joists but will not be aligned with support beams. Any interior wall that is parallel to the floor and ceiling joists is a partition wall. Their construction should be able to support the desired finished materials, provide the required degree of acoustical separation, and accommodate the distribution and outlets of mechanical and electrical services.

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Frame Walls
Studs (usually 2x4s or 2x6s) are an important part of every wood-frame building because they form the building walls. Siding and wallboard hang from the studs, and the second floor and roof are supported by wall studs.

Platform Framing
Platform framing is a light wooden frame with studs; it is only one-story high regardless of the levels built. Each level rests on the top plates of the story below or on the sill plates of the foundation wall. Platform framing is most commonly used today.

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Balloon Framing
Balloon framing uses studs that rise the full height of the frame, from the sill plate to the roof plate. Balloon framing was used in houses built before 1930, and is rarely used today except in some new home styles with high vaulted ceilings.

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Wall Structures
The subject of wall structures is fairly complex. The materials used for external walls differ from the materials used for internal walls. Foundation walls must be made up of materials that can tolerate moisture and repel insects, such as termites. Certain wall materials can be used to insulate for sound; for example, as in houses located near an airport. Some wall materials have special insulation that helps to conserve energy. Walls are usually constructed of brick, gypsum board, fire-retardant wood, concrete, and stone.

Concrete
Concrete is a mixture of sand, coarse aggregate, Portland cement, and water. The sand used in concrete should be blank-run sand, which is fairly round in shape and of various sizes. The coarse aggregate is gravel or crushed stone. Concrete should have aggregate pieces no larger than onequarter the thickness of the pour. Portland cement is made of clay, lime, and other ingredients that have been heated in a kiln and ground into a fine powder. Concrete is often used for tilt-up buildings. In a tilt-up building, the concrete wall is poured at the construction site and then raised into position using a crane.

Brick
Manufactured by firing molded clay or shale, bricks vary widely in color, texture, and dimension. Despite these variations, they fall into four main categories: common or building, patio, fire, and facing. Bricks are modular, meaning that they are either one-half or one-third as wide as they are long. The most common nominal modular unit size is 4 inches. Like lumber, bricks are described according to nominal rather than actual sizes. For instance, the actual size of a 4x8 brick is 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 inches. The nominal size is the actual size plus a normal mortar joint of 3/8 to 1/2 inch on the bottom and at one end.

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For exterior walls that must withstand moisture and freeze-thaw cycles, specify SW (severe-weathering grade) bricks. For interior uses, such as facing a fireplace or a planter, you can use MW (moderate weathering) or NW (no weathering).

Stone
Building stone is divided into three basic types: rubble, flagstone, and ashlar.

s s s

Rubble is composed of round rocks of various sizes. Flagstone consists of flat pieces, 2 to 4 inches thick, of irregular shapes. Ashlar, or dimensioned stone, is cut into pieces of uniform thickness for laying in coursed or noncoursed patterns.

Quarried stone is cut from a mountainside or a pit; fieldstone is rock that has been found lying in fields or along rivers.

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Gypsum Board
Gypsum board is the generic name for the family of products comprised mainly of a noncombustible gypsum core and paper facings. Gypsum board is commonly referred to as drywall, wallboard, plasterboard, and sheet rock. Gypsum is a mineral found in sedimentary rock formations. This product is perfectly suited for fire resistance. Gypsum contains chemically combined water that is driven off as steam when subjected to high heat, effectively fighting fire. Gypsum board is the most common interior finish used today in Canada and the United States.

Wood
Wood is used as framing material and can also be used as an exterior finish. Wood is typically rated as one-hour or two-hour fire retardant; meaning that it takes one or two hours to be completely consumed by a fire. Building codes usually require that all exterior walls use Type II (two-hour) wood and interior walls use Type I (one-hour) wood.

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Fire-Stops
The Uniform Building Code (UBC) requires that every wall have fire-stops installed.

A fire-stop or fire block is a piece of material, usually fire-retardant wood, used as part of the wall framing. A fire will slow down in order to consume a piece of fire-retardant wood. This gives firefighters more time to put out a fire and allows people in the building time to evacuate. In some cases, insurance companies have refused to cover fire damage when it was determined that buildings did not have adequate fire blocks installed in the structure.

Building Codes
Occupancy refers to the use or type of activity intended for the proposed building. Occupant load refers to the number of people who occupy the space. There are ten major occupancy categories: s A - Assembly s B - Business (for example, offices) s E - Educational s F - Factory and Industrial s H - Hazardous s I - Institutional (for example, hospitals) s M - Mercantile s R - Residential s S - Storage s U - Utility

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Under the code, every building in town gets squeezed into one of these ten groups. Within each of these groups there are classifications. For example, the residential occupancy type has two classifications: s R-1: Hotel and apartment house (each accommodating more than ten persons). s R-3: Dwellings, lodging houses (each accommodating less than ten persons). Code requirements are determined by the occupancy type of your building and the number of people that will occupy it. The Uniform Building Code (UBC) states the minimum egress requirements of square footage required per person for each occupancy type. If you know how many people will be using a building, you can compute the square footage needed by multiplying the number of occupants by the square footage per person required for a building of that occupancy type. This will give you the total number of square footage required. Suppose, for example, the normal occupancy of an office building is five people. The UBC states that the Occupant Load Factor for an office building is 100 square feet per person. Therefore, the minimum square feet of floor required would be 5 x 100, or 500 square feet. Group R-3 occupancies (dwellings) are probably the least restricted of all occupied buildings. Most of the requirements simply reflect common sense. For instance, living, dining, and sleeping rooms are required to have windows.

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Walls
About This Lesson
After completing this lesson, you will be able to: s Place walls. s Modify walls. s Define a wall structure. s Design a complex wall structure.

Wall Function
Walls divide spaces and create barriers to passage. Walls are comprised of different materials. Structural, or load-bearing, walls support floors and walls above them, and therefore must be strong and resistant to movement. Exterior walls are exposed to the outside, so they have to be weatherproof and provide insulation. Interior walls provide partitions between rooms; they need to hold various building systems such as plumbing, ventilation, and electricity. They should also provide a pleasing appearance for building inhabitants.

Wall Structure
Wall structures in Revit are comprised of parallel layers. The layers consist of either a single continuous plane of material such as wood, or they consist of discrete, repeated materials such as bricks. The same principles that define wall layers apply to floors, ceilings, and roofs. A compound wall is a wall that is made up of two or more different materials. A common example of a compound wall is an exterior wall with wood siding on the outside, a wood stud middle-section, and a gypsum wallboard interior face.

Walls in Revit Architecture
In Revit Architecture, you create a wall by sketching the location line of the wall in a plan view or a 3D view. Revit creates the thickness, height, and other properties of the wall around the location line of the wall. The location line is a plane in the wall that does not move if the wall type changes. For example, if you draw a wall with its location line set to Core Centerline, and later change the wall type or structure, the edited wall will change its position and thickness around the center of the wall core, whether that core is metal stud, brick, or a concrete masonry unit. You can shift the location line to other parts of the wall structure, such as the Finish Face (Interior or Exterior). The direction that you sketch the wall determines the exterior side. This lesson demonstrates how to sketch and edit walls, modify wall joins, and define new wall structures.

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Key Terms
align compound wall element exterior fillet gypsum insulation interior layer location line merge split structure stud temporary dimension

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Exercise: Place Walls
In this exercise, you practice sketching walls using Revit. You can sketch walls in either plan view or 3D view. These exercises use wall sketching in plan view only. You can draw walls continuously or stop after each segment. You can switch from straight to curved walls at any time, and you can change the wall type as you sketch. Revit encourages quick sketching and the use of dimensional constraints to define length and spacing precisely. In addition, the sketch display tools make it easy to draft with precision while sketching walls. 2. On the Build panel, click Wall > Wall to begin laying out walls.

The completed exercise

Sketch Walls
1. Start Revit. In the Recent Files window, click New to open a new project.

The file opens to a plan view.

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a dashed line displays. (The default unit in Imperial files is the foot. an angular dimension displays. but it disappears when you begin another action.Brick on Mtl. If you move the cursor up or down so that the wall is no longer horizontal. 4. To modify a dimension. Clear the Chain option. Stud. Move the cursor horizontally until the wall is approximately 9' 0" in length. Slowly move the cursor horizontally to the right.3. click it to open an edit field. It will not print. the temporary dimension remains until you start another wall. Enter 10. Walls s 151 . As you continue to move the cursor. Tip: You may want to use Zoom in Region during this part of the exercise. Select the Single Line option. After you create the wall. Select Basic Wall: Exterior . When the wall is perfectly horizontal or vertical. indicating wall length. Click to set the endpoint. 5. A mouse with a scroll wheel enables you to zoom in and out without interrupting the sketching process.) Press ENTER to update the wall length. Expand the Type Selector list. the dimension updates incrementally. This temporary dimension controls the wall length. Click once near the center of the viewing window to set the starting point. Notice that a temporary dimension displays.

The wall does not show any internal detail. signifying that you are placing the wall vertically on the screen. Flip the arrows again so that the exterior side of the wall is towards the top. 152 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . This tool enables you to create an element of the same type as another without having to refer to the Type Selector. Select panel. Click to start the next wall. On the Modify | Place Wall tab. The direction in which you sketch a wall determines how the exterior side is placed. Set the Detail Level to Medium. Click the arrows to flip the wall orientation. click Create Similar. Revit Architecture completes the sketch with a length of 7' as shown in the next illustration. Place the cursor over the right end of the wall. The wall flips so that the exterior side of the wall (brick is shown by diagonal lines) is now on the lower side. A temporary dimension control to make the dimension permanent and orientation arrows display above the wall. enter 7. On the Modify | Walls tab.6. Click the wall. the controls may sit on top of one another. On the View Control Bar. 8. Press ENTER. The length dimension field opens automatically as you type. Depending on your zoom in the view. After setting the vertical wall's direction. Zoom in if necessary to see them clearly. click the Detail Level icon. Create panel. The double arrows are located on the exterior side of the wall. Move the cursor downward so that the alignment line displays. 7.Walls . click Modify to stop placing walls. The wall's appearance updates to indicate the components of this multipart exterior wall.

Because you drew the wall from up to down. Notice that the endpoint moves while the starting point remains fastened to the previous wall's endpoint. Drag the wall's upper shape handle (blue circle) vertically upward. Notice that two dimensions display. 10. Start a wall at the lower end of the vertical wall and move your cursor to the right.9. You can set Ortho mode by pressing SHIFT as you move the cursor while placing a wall. an alignment line displays. Walls s 153 . Select the right vertical wall. Continue to hold down the SHIFT key and sketch a vertical wall by moving the cursor up. Notice that as you bring the cursor up to end the vertical line. When the cursor is above the left horizontal wall. a horizontal dimension and a vertical dimension. Also. Because you drew this last wall from down to up. Hold down the SHIFT key and notice how the wall is constrained. Click Modify. the exterior side of the wall is placed to the right. no matter where you move the cursor. release the mouse button to set a new length. This locks the cursor motion to horizontal or vertical. the exterior face of the wall is placed on the left side. Make the horizontal wall 8' long. notice how the wall joins at the corner. Click alignment line to finish the wall segment.

the last point of the first line becomes the start point of the next line. Select Chain on the Options Bar.11. Click Cancel. 15. click Wall. 13. Drag the cursor to move the wall to the left so it is aligned with the left upper vertical wall. 16. 154 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 12. When using the Chain option. This is the same as clicking Modify. Click the padlock to lock on the lower vertical wall into alignment with the upper. Move the lower vertical wall back to its original position so the alignment line displays.Walls . Use the alignment lines that Revit provides for snap points. Right-click. Select the lower vertical wall. Repeat. On the Home tab. This enables you to sketch walls continuously. Position your cursor over the wall until it changes into two crossed double-headed arrows. Build panel. 14. Move the wall shape handle back to its original position so it lines up with the upper left horizontal wall and the alignment line displays. Finish the last wall even with the start of the first wall. You do not need to place the dimensions: they are there to help you with placing the walls. Sketch the walls as shown. thus creating a chain of sketched lines.

Click to place the wall at a 180-degree angle. Click Zoom to Fit. Move the cursor left so that the wall arc changes gradually. Click Create Similar again.rvt. In this exercise. Click the two open left ends of the horizontal walls as start and end points to create a curved wall.18. Save the project as Unit4_walls. 19. Click Modify. 17. Notice that both upper and lower walls shift. you started a new project file and learned different techniques for placing walls. Set the right side temporary dimension to 12'-0". Select the Three Point Arc tool. Walls s 155 . Clear the Chain option. you can move the cursor left or right to place the arc. After clicking the second end. Tip: You can flip the orientation of the wall's exterior side as you sketch by holding down SPACEBAR. 20.

Draw a wall at the angle and location shown. Select the intersection point to break the horizontal wall into two sections. To do this. align. and extend walls. Click Modify | Place Wall tab > Modify panel > Split. showing that there are now two separate wall sections. fillet. Verify that you split the wall by selecting either wall you just split. 2. trim. Only part of the wall highlights. The cursor changes to a razor blade. 4. Open or continue working in Unit4_walls. you first split the walls at the intersections.Exercise: Modify Walls In this exercise. You now remove the upper right corner. Do the same for the vertical wall. Both split walls are shown below. 3. This exercise illustrates how to split. Split Walls 1. The completed exercise Place the cursor over the wall intersection.Walls .rvt from the previous exercise. 156 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . you open an existing project and practice modifying walls. Click Modify.

You can drag the wall position or specify a radius value. This is how you create rounded wall corners. click Delete. To remove the short walls at the corner of the building. select Radius. On the Modify | Wall tab. You can also press the DEL key on your keyboard to delete the wall sections. Select the vertical and horizontal walls at the lower right of the building. Select any wall. 2. 3. You use the Trim tool to make corners later in the exercise. You can also click the flip control.Fillet Walls 1. Click Fillet Arc. select the walls (hold down the CTRL key to select both wall sections). If you make a mistake. Enter 5'. click Undo and repeat the steps. 5. Modify panel. On the Modify | Walls tab. Create panel. Select the vertical wall first to keep the wall in proper interiorexterior orientation. Walls s 157 . click Create Similar. 4. On the Options Bar.

To place an interior wall: s In the Type Selector.Walls . The Wall tool is still active. 3. Place an interior wall as shown. select Basic Wall: Interior .Align Walls Revit Architecture has tools that are quicker and more precise than the use of your cursor in positioning walls accurately.6 1/8" Partition s Click Line. 1. 158 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Do not be too concerned about the precise location of the wall. You align the wall in the next steps. 2. Select the left side (interior face) of the upper left vertical wall as the surface to align to. Click Modify | Walls tab > Modify panel > Align.

such as location lines. The length is not critical. s On the Options Bar. You can select other parts of walls for alignment. Click to create a wall. s The interior wall moves until the two walls are aligned.4. Pull the cursor straight up. The midpoint is indicated by a triangular snap at the cursor. Select the left side of the new interior wall to align that face with the previous selection. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. Walls s 159 . clear Chain. The Wall Trim Tool 1. s Select the midpoint of the lower right horizontal wall. You can lock the alignment. To place two new interior walls: s Click Home tab > Build panel > Wall.

Select the two interior walls in turn. This will extend to the border. You can click Undo if you make a mistake. 160 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . 3.Walls . This will be the border. Click Modify tab > Edit panel > Trim. Select the horizontal wall as shown. This is the part of the wall that will remain after the trim action. Click Extend > Trim/Extend Single Element. The part of the wall you select will highlight in blue. 2. The walls can cross. The length is not critical. 4. Select the vertical wall as shown.s Move the cursor to the left and click. 5. 6.

align.rvt. Save the file as Unit4_trimmed_walls.7. and trim. Walls s 161 . fillet. In this exercise. you learned different methods for modifying walls: split.

On the Properties palette. The Modify tool is active by default. A multistory parking garage is constructed of materials different from those used in the lobby of the hotel next door. 2. 1. click Edit Type. In the Project Browser.Walls . A brick building and a wood-siding building give different impressions. The completed exercise 162 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Select the Exterior wall as shown.Exercise: Define a Wall Structure Modify Wall Structure Weatherproofing and insulation of exterior walls to reduce energy consumption is an important part of sustainable design.rvt in the courseware datasets folder. 3. and vary in cost. satisfy different requirements. The function of a building often determines the materials used in construction. double-click Floor Plan:Level 1 to open that view. Open ADA_Wall_Structure. Introduction Architects determine wall materials used in the buildings they design by how the materials affect the structure and appearance of a building.

except Core Boundary. click Edit in the Structure value field. When you are finished. The wall currently has a single layer of 8" with no function defined and the material set to Default Wall. They are used for dimensions and to differentiate wall structure. the wall structure should be as shown. 5. s Click Up. Click Insert twice. To edit the structure of the wall. s Click the arrow at the right. s Select Finish 1 [4]. s Click the number of Layer 3. Click OK. Walls s 163 . To reorder the wall layers: s Click the number of Layer 2. Note: Core boundaries are in all walls. The Edit Assembly dialog box is displayed.4. 6. Add two additional layers to the wall. Every layer of a wall. enter 8" Insulated Stud. To assign a Function to Layer 1: s Click in the Function field for Layer 1. For Name. has a Function you can edit. Click Duplicate to start defining a new wall type for this wall. 7. 8. s Click Down twice.

9. s Set the Thickness to 5/8". Material. 164 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Click the icon that appears at the right. which displays plan or section views. To assign a Material to Layer 1: s Click in the Material field for Layer 1.Exterior . and Thickness for Layer 3: s Set the Layer Function to Structure [1]. Modify the Function. s This opens a view pane on the left side of the dialog box. The top of the dialog box displays the total thickness of the defined structure. s Set the Material to Wood . 13. s Set the Thickness to 5 1/2". 12. 10.Interior Gypsum Wall Board. 11.Walls .EIFS Exterior Insulation and Finish System. Modify Layer 5 to make it the interior finish: s Set the Function to Finish 2 [5]. select Finishes . s From the left pane in the Materials dialog box. Click OK to return to the Edit Assembly dialog box. Click Preview to preview the new wall structure. s Set the Material to Finishes .Stud Layer. Change the Layer Thickness to 2". The value changes to 0' 2" when you click away from the field.

From the Detail level list. Click OK to close the Edit Structure dialog box. Click Apply to update the view. On the Properties palette. Apply the new wall type to all remaining Exterior walls. 16. expand the Families branch. 17. select the view name as shown to expose its properties. Zoom in to see the change in the wall you selected. You can see the layers by changing the Detail Level settings. select Medium.14. Click OK to close the Type Properties dialog box. 15. In the Project Browser. The wall you modified appears unchanged within the plan view. Walls s 165 .

select Basic Wall: 8" Insulated Stud. Expand Walls > Basic Wall. You opened an existing file. From the Type Selector list.Walls . and replaced existing walls using that new definition. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. 20. defined a new wall structure. In this exercise. You can drag the right side of the Project Browser to the right to expand the pane. or use the scroll bar at the bottom.18. you learned how to define a wall structure using Wall Properties. 19. All the exterior walls will be switched to the new wall definition. Right-click 8" Exterior. Close the file without saving. 166 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 .

you create and modify vertically compound walls. The completed exercise Walls s 167 . Select one of the Exterior . Open ADA_Compound_Wall. You create an exterior wall with a decorative brick ledge. so that all walls of that type contain the desired features. such as a weatherproof outside surface.Brick on Mtl. a structural mid-section. Verticallycomplex interior wall surfaces may have a baseboard. You use the following tools: s Modify s Split Region s Merge Regions s Assign Layers Create a Vertically Compound Wall 1. 2. You can define a wall type with these elements. Be sure to select the wall and not a window. The model opens in a 3D view. Walls can have different materials present from the bottom of the wall to the top. for example. Stud walls as shown.rvt. The file is in the courseware datasets folder. a wall exterior consisting of brick from the ground up a certain distance with wood siding above. 3.Exercise: Design a Complex Wall Structure Walls often have different materials from exterior to interior face. and a cornice at the top where the wall meets the ceiling. In this exercise. and a decorated interior surface. wood rails.

1. 7. so all instances of this type change. click Preview to open the preview of the wall structure. highlight one of the borders. Change the view type from Floor Plan: Modify Type Attributes to Section: Modify Type Attributes. To define the structure of the wall. Split Region Tool The Split Region tool divides a layer. You change the type. Wall structures are Type Properties. Note: Do not use ESC while in this dialog box. 168 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . click Edit. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the lower part of the section view. you accept the default sample height of 20 feet. in the Structure value field. You can set the sample height to any value. A preview split line displays when you highlight a border. As indicated in the dialog box title. 8. You can split regions into other regions. Right-click in the Preview window to access the Zoom shortcut menu. You can assign different materials to regions. You should set it to a value high enough that enables you to create the desired wall structure. the new regions assume the same material as the original.4. 6. either horizontally or vertically. In this exercise. Wall Sample Height The wall sample height is a default height set in the preview pane. or you will lose your changes. You can also use the scroll wheel on your mouse to zoom in and out. highlight a horizontal (top or bottom) boundary. If not already expanded. Note that this sample height does not set the height of any walls of that type in the project. To split a layer or region horizontally. When you split a layer. 5.Walls . To split a layer or region vertically. into regions. 2. Click Properties palette > Edit Type to open the Type Properties dialog box. You use the Modify Vertical Structure tools at the bottom of the dialog box. The Modify Vertical Structure Sweeps and Reveals tools activate. Click Split Region. these tools only work if the Section Preview is active.

3. since both regions are composed of the same layer.3. Temporary dimensions display so you can control the location of the splits.Brick layer. a tooltip displays with a message that explains what will happen upon selection. 4. the position of the pointer on a prehighlighted border determines which material prevails after the merge. 2. Split the outside brick masonry face again so it is divided into three sections. When you merge regions. If you hover your cursor for a few seconds. Merge Region Tool Merge Regions is used to merge adjacent regions so they are composed of the same layer material. Place your cursor along the outside face of the wall along the Layer 1: Masonry . Click to merge them. In this case. Click to split the region into two parts. assign Layer 1. After merge. Click Merge Regions. Click to merge the two layers. The upper split disappears. Place your cursor on the upper split you just created in the Brick layer. the message will be: Border between Layer 1 and Layer 1. 1. Walls s 169 . Prehighlight a border between regions.

s Select the split line. 4. you assign the material Masonry Brick . Click the arrow to observe the behavior. Click again to return to the original position. which may be different from A new layer is added at the top of the list. 3.Modify Tool The Modify tool can be used to modify the position of 5. Click the temporary dimension text. instead of down.Soldier Course to this new 8" tall region to create a band of soldier course (upright) brick on the exterior.Walls . the default 20' height you are using in the Edit dialog box. 1. Select the line of the split in Layer 1 (you may need to zoom in to select it). Change the value to 12. 3. 2. To create a new wall layer. To set the location of the new split: s Click Modify in the Modify Vertical Structure area. Click Insert. Revit converts the value to 12' 0". The dimension text turns blue. Notice there is a flip arrow at the split line. Use Split Region to create another split above the bottom split. If you set the split offset down from the top. Press ENTER. 1. s Change the height of the new split to 8" above the first one. Next. to the next parallel line. Zoom out so you can view the entire temporary dimension as well as the split line. 2. Revit maintains that offset distance from the top of the wall. indicating that it is modifiable. click Modify. vertical and horizontal lines in the wall structure using temporary dimensions to enable you to change the composition of the wall. Selecting this arrow will flip the temporary dimension so that it dimensions from the split up. In the Edit dialog box. 170 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . Notice that there is a temporary dimension from the split line to the base of the wall. You may need to zoom out to see the temporary dimension. under Modify Vertical Assign Layers Structure. you assign a different layer to one of the regions to change its material. After a region is split. You may have to adjust the flip arrow of the dimension. You create a new layer and assign it to a region. click Layer 1 in the Structure definition table.

it highlights in blue in the preview window. 6. The column widths in the table can be adjusted. because it is now the selected layer. Click the 8" tall region to assign the layer to this region. It immediately highlights in blue. Close the file without saving. 5. as shown. Change the Material to Masonry . When a layer is selected in the table. Merge Region. you opened a project file and created a vertical compound wall using the Assign Layers. Click Assign Layers. In this exercise. Click OK. Change the Material for Layer 2 to MasonryStone. Click in open space to clear the wall you originally selected. Modify.Brick Soldier Course. 9. The wall face changed to show an 8" strip of brick in between regions of stone. Change the Function of this new Layer 1 to Finish 1[4]. 8. Split Region.Brick Soldier Course layer. 7. The preview changes appearance. Click OK. Click OK twice to apply the change and close the dialog boxes. It also shows a thickness value. and Insert Layer tools. All walls of this type have been changed. click Layer 1 to select the Masonry . Walls s 171 .4. To assign the new layer to the 8" region in the preview pane. 10.

earth. and protected. Science The primary function of walls is to carry loads to the ground. but they can be composed of lightweight materials if properly prepared. ducting.Walls . They also must resist sideways forces from wind. piping. s What is compression strength and how is it measured? s What is a shear wall? Technology Walls are usually considered dense and strong. and insulation. or water and earth movement such as settling or uplift. 172 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 4 . s Research and prepare a report on straw bale walls.STEM Connections Background Today’s walls are complex assemblies of materials including wiring. installed.

Engineering
Many types of modern construction use walls that are composed or manufactured off the building site, and then installed rather than built.
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How are stress-skin wall panels manufactured? How are they installed?

Math
Building foundations and walls below grade must resist the invasive pressure of moisture in the earth. Water expands as it freezes, so foundations are set into the ground below the lowest point at which the ground freezes during winter. This varies with geographic location. There is no ground frost in Florida, but the ground freezes solid to a depth of at least 3'-0" in Maine. s What is the design frost depth in your area? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the north of you? s What is the design frost depth 500 miles to the south of you?

STEM Connections

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Summary/Questions
Summary
In this Revit Architecture lesson, you learned to: s Create a wall. s Define a wall structure. s Trim and extend walls. s Align walls.

General Questions
1. Placement of walls is determined by how you want the spaces within the walls to be defined. a. True b. False 2. What type of walls carry the structural weight of your home? a. Partition b. Load-bearing 3. What type of wall framing is typically used today? a. Platform b. Balloon 4. What occupancy type is a home or dwelling considered? a. D-1 b. D-3 c. R-1 d. R-3

Revit Architecture Questions
1. The direction you sketch a wall determines the orientation (interior/exterior sides) of the wall. a. True b. False 2. The amount of detail shown inside walls in plan view is controlled using the ____ parameter of View Properties. a. Display Model b. Detail Level c. Crop Region d. Underlay 3. Wall structures are defined using Type Properties. a. True b. False 4. Wall structures can be defined so that you specify the materials used in the wall construction. a. True b. False

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Autodesk® Design Academy

Unit 5 - Doors and Windows
About This Unit
In this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit, you learn to: s Place doors. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. s Place a window. s Copy a door or window. s Position a door or window. s Align a door or window.

Lesson Plan
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Review doors and windows. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Doors. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Windows. (Student) Complete Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall. (Student) Complete Exercise: Copy Windows. (Student) Evaluate students. (Evaluation)

Introduction

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About Doors and Windows
About This Lesson
This lesson explains the different types of door and windows, the elements that make up doors and windows, and the requirements the Uniform Building Code has set for doors and windows. After completing this lesson, you will be able to:
s s s s s

Describe the purpose for using doors and windows in a building. Identify the elements that make up doors and windows. List the different door types. List the different window types. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when designing a building with doors and windows.

Key Terms
casing design egress head glazing jamb muntins pane rough opening sash sill standard stop UBC unobstructed

Standards
Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science, Technology, Engineering, Math (STEM), and Language Arts. To review the list of standards for each lesson, view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

This lesson relates to science, technology, engineering, and math standards.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Overview of Doors and Windows
Doors and windows are very important design elements in a building project because they link you to the world outside. s Doors provide access from the outside into a building, as well as passage between interior spaces. s Windows are used for light and ventilation of interior spaces. The type, size, and placement of doors and windows affect the lifestyle of those who use the building. Placement of doors determines the traffic patterns throughout a building. Traffic patterns consume much of the available space, causing rooms with several doors to seem smaller. For example, a good way to join indoor and outdoor living areas is by placing a large patio door; however, this will affect the personal privacy of the occupants because of increased traffic and visibility. When planning a room layout, save plenty of space to allow doors to swing freely.

Well-positioned windows can reduce heating and cooling bills by improving ventilation in the summer and keeping heat in during the winter. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight. When planning window positions, the effect of the sunlight should be considered. For example, to determine the placement of a skylight, you should choose a location where the shaft will direct sunlight.

About Doors and Windows

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Elements of Doors and Windows Doors Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical door: s Rough opening: The wall opening into which a door frame is fitted. s Head: The uppermost member of a door frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a door frame. s Stop: The projecting part of a door frame against which a door closes. s Casing: Trim that finishes the joint between a door frame and its rough opening.

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Windows Elements
The following are elements that make up a typical window: s Head: The uppermost member of a window frame. s Jamb: Either of the two side members of a window frame. s Sill: The horizontal member beneath a door or window opening. Sills have a sloped upper surface that sheds from rainwater. s Sash: The framework of a window in which panes of glass are set. The sash can be fixed or movable. s Pane: One of the divisions of a window or single unit of glass set in a frame. s Glazing: The glass set in the sashes of the window. s Muntins: Divisions within a window that hold the window panes within a sash.

Door Types
There are many types and sizes of doors. When designing a building, the right type of door should be used in a specific space to utilize the space most appropriately. Most doors are factory built and designed for easy installation. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain door types. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. Custom types and sizes can also be built, but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. The type of door selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design, especially for exterior doors. Consider using a door that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

About Doors and Windows

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Typical door types include the following: Swinging

Sliding

Revolving

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Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 - Doors and Windows

Pocket Folding / Bi-fold Overhead About Doors and Windows s 181 .

The type of window selected for a building is an important consideration for sustainable design. Typical window types include the following: Fixed Casement 182 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . but also the natural lighting. the view. They are available in a wide variety of styles and finishes. The windows you use in a design not only affect the physical appearance of a building. and the amount of space you have inside your building. but usually have to be specially ordered and are more expensive. Custom types and sizes can also be built. Manufacturers usually have standard sizes and rough-opening requirements for certain window types. Most windows are factory-built and designed for easy installation. the ventilation.Window Types There are many types and sizes of windows.Doors and Windows . Consider using a window that will be the most energy efficient for the climate and surroundings of the building.

Awning Hopper Sliding About Doors and Windows s 183 .

Double-Hung Jalousie Pivoting 184 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows .

The following are some of the requirements that the UBC requires when designing a home: At least one entry door that is at least 32" wide and 6'8" high is required in every home. Most codes are based on the national Uniform Building Code (UBC). most areas require that all new and remodeling projects conform to a standard building code. and to protect property values. but specific codes and standards vary depending on the area. About Doors and Windows s 185 .Building Codes To ensure that buildings are safe.

ft. if there is no other escape route.7 sq. must be provided by the window being used as an egress.An egress window that can be used for an emergency exit is required in rooms used for sleeping. and the sill height can be no higher than 44" from the floor. The height can be no less than 24".Doors and Windows . 186 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . the width can be no less than 20". An unobstructed opening of 5.

s Copy windows. and how to position. windows. and there are many more in Revit libraries that can be loaded into a project. engineering. and furniture are defined in family files. Engineering. In this unit. technology. you learn how to place doors and windows. Technology. Revit Architecture Doors and Windows Revit Architecture software provides tools for inserting door and window components into design project walls. Doors and Windows s 187 . view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. and math standards. you will be able to: s Place doors and windows. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. how to load additional door and window families. Components such as doors. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Doors and Windows About This Lesson After completing this lesson. move. s Center a door in a wall. and Language Arts. Math (STEM). Some families are loaded into each empty file. and copy these elements. Key Terms component door family load place window Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. This lesson relates to science.

you practice placing doors and windows in an existing project.Doors and Windows . On the Home tab. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the door in the wall. Once a door is placed. Revit Architecture displays the preview door with the swing to the side where the cursor first contacted the wall. When placing doors in a plan view. 2. if the cursor clicked the left side of a vertical wall. Open ADA_Doors_Windows. Add Doors You place doors in walls at the desired locations. Build panel. you can change the swing or hinge by using the control arrows that are created as part of the door family. Verify that the Floor Plan: Level 1 view is active. 3. To flip the door. or 3D view. The completed exercise 188 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer of exterior doors to reduce energy consumption is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view. There are also Flip Hand and Flip Facing options on the right-click context menu when a door is selected. the door swing would be to the left side. click the appropriate double arrow control to flip the door symbol. move the cursor to the right side of the wall. Add Doors 1. click Door. In other words. To reverse the swing.Exercise: Place Doors In this exercise. This can be done in a plan view.rvt under the courseware datasets folder.

and windows into project files. In order to keep file size small. From the Type Selector list.rfa. click Load Family. Doors and Windows s 189 . walls. 2. on the Modify | Place Door tab. Click Open. Revit loads a minimal number of families for doors. The display does not change. Select the door Double-Panel 2. select the door type Double-Panel 2: 68" x 80". Browse to Imperial Library > Doors folder. Mode panel. Families that are loaded into a file are available even if the file is moved to a different machine or emailed to another user. Additional families are provided for your project on the installation DVD and online. except for the Type Selector.Load Families 1. 3. This enables you to load additional door families from the Revit Architecture library. With the Door command active.

If necessary. Move the cursor along the interior wall and place a door instance as shown. select Sgl Flush: 36" x 84". Remember that the door swing will be placed on the side of the wall that you click.4. use the blue control arrows to flip the door facing. 190 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .Doors and Windows . Revit places door tags that number in sequence automatically. From the Type Selector. The cursor will snap weakly to the midpoint of the wall. Place a second instance in the wall opposite. 5.

simply click it and enter the correct value. Remember. If you place a door in the wrong location. or by using the swing control arrows. use the blue temporary dimension to relocate it.6. you control the door swing based on the side of the wall you click. Do not add the dimensions. You can toggle the door swing by using SPACEBAR during placement. To Doors and Windows s 191 . change a temporary dimension. Place instances of single doors as shown. You can change the door hinge by using the hinge control arrows.

rvt.7.Doors and Windows . Save the file as Unit5_doors. 192 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .

then click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. 2. To face the outside of the window to the other side. From the Type Selector. Add Windows 1. The completed exercise Doors and Windows s 193 . On the Home tab. the outside of the window is to the left side. When placing windows in a plan view. You can place windows in a plan view. select Fixed: 36"w x 48"h if it is not already selected. Build panel. If the cursor first touched the left side of a vertical wall.rvt or continue working in the file from the previous exercise. Weatherproofing and resistance to heat transfer in windows is an important consideration for sustainable design. elevation view. approach the wall from the right side. To reverse the window after performing another operation. You can reverse the window direction after placing it by using the control arrows that are created as part of the window family. click the double arrow to mirror the window geometry. Windows have exterior and interior sides. To reverse the window immediately after placing it. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the opening and places the window in the wall. Placement of windows to regulate solar gain and take advantage of prevailing breezes for natural ventilation can reduce energy consumption.Exercise: Place Windows You add window components to a wall by clicking the wall at the desired locations. Revit Architecture puts the window tag on the exterior side of the window. click Window. click Modify and select the window. Open Unit5_doors. or 3D view.

rvt. The dimensions shown are for informational purposes. All windows of a specific type show the same tag number. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_doors_and_windows. Place seven more windows as shown. loaded a door family. you opened an existing project. Window tags do not number in sequence. 4. and placed windows. You do not need to add dimensions.Doors and Windows . 194 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . placed doors. 5.3. Move the cursor along the north wall and place a window instance as shown.

window. 3. wall. click Aligned. Place the two permanent dimensions as shown. The completed exercise Equality Constraints Equality constraints are applied to permanent. even if the constraining objects are moved or shifted. On the Annotate tab. place a door.Exercise: Center a Door in a Wall In this exercise. s Align and modify walls. To place a continuous dimension: Doors and Windows s 195 . constrain it to be centered in a wall. continuous dimensions to control the position of a door. Select the wall indicated by the red arrow to place the door.rvt. 1. Verify that the Single Flush: 36" x 84" door is selected. 2. and so on. 4. and modify the wall. Do not be overly concerned where you place it. Click Home tab > Build panel > Door. s Apply the EQ constraint and change its display. Open or continue working in Unit5_doors_and_windows. Dimension panel. The dimensions must be placed as a continuous dimension. The file is also available in the course datasets folder. You practice the following skills: s Place a door. The constraint holds the position of the constrained object to the center. you open an existing project file.

Align Walls 1. It is now constrained to be centered in the horizontal wall. The walls are now aligned. Click Modify to terminate the Dimension tool.s s s s Click the left wall. Click below the wall containing the door to place the dimension. Select the upper wall first. Click the center of the door. Notice the symbol. The door you centered in the horizontal wall remains centered.Doors and Windows . This means that if one wall shifts. Select the two wall faces indicated to align. 2. Click the lock icon to enable it. 6. The door changes location. 5. Your dimension values may be different from the ones shown here. 196 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Click Modify tab > Modify panel > Align. Click it and it changes as shown. the other wall will remain aligned. Click the right wall.

Note that the continuous dimension is still constrained EQ.4. Change the dimension to 16. Select the wall to the right of the door as shown. Dimensions display below it. (Revit Architecture will supply the foot-inch units. 3. The walls shift and remain aligned. 5. Click Modify to terminate the Align tool. Clear the EQ Display value. Doors and Windows s 197 . Select one of the EQ values on the continuous dimension. Right-click. The door remains centered in the wall and the dimensions update.) The dimension value is now shown.

Click Zoom to Fit. 198 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 .6.rvt. Right-click. You also applied an EQ constraint and used it to control the position of an object. In this exercise. Save the file as Unit5_aligned. 7.Doors and Windows . you placed a continuous dimension.

In this exercise. Create panel. Revit gives you the ability to continuously place as many instances of the group or family as desired. Select one of the windows located in the east wall. 1. The completed exercise Create Similar The Create Similar tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. especially if there are many different types. Open or continue working in Unit5_aligned. Remember that the side of the wall selected determines how the window is placed. On the Modify | Windows tab. click Create Similar. Doors and Windows s 199 .Exercise: Copy Windows Populating design projects with components takes time. you create window instances using the following tools: s Create Similar s Copy 3. Place the new window in the wall at the upper right of the building. Placing all the windows in a multistory office building can be complicated enough without having to remember the specifications for each type. 4. Revit Architecture provides tools that enable you to reuse the information in a component instance or type without having to look it up each time. 2.rvt.

click Copy.Copy Windows 1. Modify panel. Select the midpoint of the window as the base point for the copy operation. 3. 2. Pull the cursor straight down and select the wall at the lower right as the destination point. The window will change appearance. Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. 200 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Select the window you just placed. The window is copied. On the Modify | Windows tab.Doors and Windows . 4.

rvt. Doors and Windows s 201 .5. Right-click. you used the Place Similar and Copy tools. Save the file as Unit5_copy-windows. In this exercise. Click Zoom to Fit. 6.

Doors and Windows . flat glass is a recent invention. s Why are inert gasses put into double-pane glass panels? Engineering Strong. and sunlight is critical to the safety and climate control performance of building shells.STEM Connections Background The development of glass strong enough for large panels has made modern doors and windows possible. The stability of glass in response to wind. s What is float glass and why is it important? Math s What is the formula that determines the E-Rating of glass? 202 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Science s What is the chemical reaction that turns sand into glass? Technology Glass is a large part of the exterior of many large modern buildings. heat. cold.

s Place a window. s Position a door or window. you learned to: s Place doors. 44" Summary/Questions s 203 . 34" 4. 30" c. The placement of doors and windows is not an important part of designing a building. 32" b. s Align a door or window. what is the maximum height that the egress window can be from the floor? a. 28" b. Custom 3. If a room is used for sleeping. 32" d. False 2.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. 36" c. a. Manufacturers usually have ________ sizes of both doors and windows that are factory-built and ready for easy installation. General Questions 1. Standard b. 40" d. a. s Load a door from the Revit Architecture library. What is the minimum width required for at least one entry door in every home? a. s Copy a door or window. True b.

A continuous dimension with EQ selected d. The _______ tool creates a copy of a group or family instance and enables you to place it where desired. c. a. Offset c. you use ________. Window or door orientation is determined by the side of the wall selected. Click the appropriate blue arrows. a. c. Revit Architecture automatically cuts the openings for doors and windows as they are placed. Insert d. To change the swing direction of a door: a. Click Modify > Flip Direction.Doors and Windows . you: a. True b. Load from Library b. Copy 8. Load c. b. a. but is available from the Revit Architecture library. The center snap 7. False 5. To change the location of a door or window. False 2. To add a door or window that is not available in the drop-down list. Door and window tags are placed automatically. a. Select the door. b. Select the door. Select the door. a. 4. Click the temporary dimension to be changed. you use: a. Select the door. Link c. True b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Click the appropriate blue arrows. Click Door Properties. Click Flip Direction. 6. Properties 3. Click Door Properties. d. d. Use door grips to reposition. Clone b. False 204 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 5 . Right-click. A reference plane b. True b. To center a door or window in a wall. Duplicate d.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 205 . (Student) Evaluate students.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 6 . s Modify stair boundaries.Stairs and Railings About This Unit When you have completed this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add a Railing. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create Stairs. you will be able to: s Create stairs. s Create railings. 5. Review stairs and railings. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs. Lesson Plan 1. (Student) Complete Exercise: Modify Stairs. 4. 3. 6.

Describe the formulas for stair calculation. and other requirements for designing stairs and railings. Stairs and railings enable people to move from one level of a building to another. you will be able to: s s s s Identify the elements of stairs and railings.Stairs and Railings . 206 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . stair and railing types.About Stairs and Railings About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements that make up stairs and railings including stair calculations. List the requirements and building codes that should be used when building stairs and railings. Safety and ease of travel are the most important considerations in the design and placement of stairs and railings. List the different stair types. After completing this lesson.

engineering. This lesson relates to technology. Engineering. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Technology. and math standards. Elements of Stairs and Railings Stairs The following illustrations show the elements of a stair. and Language Arts.Key Terms landing egress nosing ramp riser slope stringer tread UBC Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. About Stairs and Railings s 207 . To review the list of standards for each lesson. Math (STEM).

Stairs and Railings .208 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

the tread run can be calculated by using one of the following formulas: s Tread (inches) + 2x riser (inches) = 24 to 25 s Riser (inches) + tread (inches) = 72 to 75 The total number of treads is always one less than the total number risers. About Stairs and Railings s 209 . Once the actual riser height is determined. Stair Calculations The actual riser height (top of one riser to top of the next riser) for a set of stairs can be calculated by dividing the total rise (floor-to-floor height) by the desired riser height.Railings The following illustration shows the elements of a railing. the total rise is redivided by this whole number to arrive at the actual riser height. Then. Actual Riser Height = Total Rise / Number of Risers (rounded up) You must check the riser height with the maximum riser height allowed by the building code. Number of Risers = Total Rise / Desired Riser Height The result is rounded off to the nearest whole number. You can increase the number of risers by one and recalculate the riser height if necessary.

Stair Types A straight stair extends from one level to another without turns or winders.Stairs and Railings . All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. and all treads should have the same run for safety purposes. Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. 210 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .The following table shows the corresponding riser and tread dimensions: Exterior stairs are usually less steep than interior stairs. particularly where there is the possibility of dangerous outdoor conditions. A quarterturn stair is also referred to as an L-shaped stair. such as ice and snow. Quarter-Turn Stair A quarter-turn stair has two flights that connect with a landing that makes a right angle.

Circular or spiral stairs as well as quarter-turn and half-turn stairs can use winders rather than a landing. Circular stairs can sometimes be used as the means of egress from a building if the inner radius is at least twice the actual width of the stairway. Winding Stair A winding stair is any stairway that is built with winders. Circular Stair A circular stair is built so that you move in a circular configuration. This is because winders can be hazardous since they do not offer much foothold at their interior corners.Half-Turn Stair A half-turn stair turns 180 with two flights connected by a landing. This saves space when changing direction. A half-turn stair is also referred to as a U-shaped stair. About Stairs and Railings s 211 . Due to building code. stairs that use winders are used mostly for private stairs within individualdwelling units.

Requirements and Building Code Stair and railing construction is strictly regulated by the building code. Here are some of the requirements set by the Uniform Building Code for a residential dwelling: 212 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Spiral stairs do not occupy much space.Spiral Stair A spiral stair is supported by a center post and is constructed using wedge-shaped treads that wind around the post.Stairs and Railings . but are only permitted by building codes in individual-dwelling units. particularly when a stairway is an essential part of an emergency egress system.

Door-swing must not reduce the landing to less than onehalf of its required width. Landings Landings should be at least as wide as the stairway width and have a length of at least 36". s Stringers and trim must not project more than 1 1/2". Doors should swing the direction of egress. s Building codes generally limit the vertical rise between landings to 12'. s Handrails must not project into the required width more than 3 1/2".Stairs Requirements and building codes for stairs are as follows: s The stairway must be at least 36" wide. About Stairs and Railings s 213 .

Nosings s 1 1/2" maximum protrusion Ramps Requirements and building codes for ramps are as follows: s 1:12 maximum slope s 30" maximum rise between landings 214 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . s Riser height: 4" minimum.Risers and Treads Building codes regulate the minimum and maximum dimensions of risers and treads: s Tread depth: 11" minimum.Stairs and Railings . 11" maximum. s Uniform riser and tread dimensions are required.

About Stairs and Railings s 215 . s s s Handrails should not have any sharp or abrasive elements. The distance between the handrail and the wall should be no less than 1 1/2". Handrails should have a circular cross section with an outside diameter of at least 1 1/4". Other shapes are permissible if they provide equivalent grasp ability and have a maximum cross-sectional dimension of 2 1/4".Handrails Requirements and building codes for railings are as follows: s The distance from the top edge of the stair treads or nosings should be between 34" to 38". but not more than 2".

Stairs in Revit Architecture Buildings with more than one level must have a means of traveling between the levels. U-shaped stairs.Stairs and Railings About This Lesson After completing this lesson. based on the distance between floors and the maximum riser height defined in the stair properties. 216 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . and spiral stairs. you can create and modify railings independent of stairs. sitting on a vertical support or riser of certain height (rise). or vertical circulation.Stairs and Railings . In multistory buildings. s Add a railing. rise and run of stairs are controlled by building codes. For safety reasons. and Language Arts. Technology. s Modify stairs. and math standards. a rectangle representing the footprint of the run of the stairs displays. You can define straight runs. Revit® calculates the number of stair treads for you. You create stairs in a plan view. engineering. Revit generates railings automatically for stairs. of certain horizontal depth or run. As you move the cursor. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. the rectangle displays accordingly and Revit displays a riser counter. You can also modify the outside boundary of the stairs by modifying the sketch. The riser and run values update accordingly. L-shaped runs with a landing. Math (STEM). you can design a set of stairs to go between two levels. To review the list of standards for each lesson. This lesson demonstrates how to create and modify stairs and associated railings. Engineering. ramps. and Revit will create identical sets up to the highest level defined in the stair properties. and stairs. This lesson relates to technology. When you click to establish the start point of stairs. s Create U-shaped stairs. Each step of a flight of stairs consists of the part to walk on. Key Terms boundary railing riser run tread Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. or tread. which includes elevators. you will be able to: s Create stairs.

3. From the courseware datasets folder.change the value of the Underlay parameter to Level 2. turn on the display of Level 2 in the Level 1 Floor Plan. you create stairs using a straight run.Exercise: Create Stairs In this exercise. This file is in metric units. You use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Run s Stair Properties s 3D View 2. The file opens in view Floor Plan: Level 1. open the project named ADA_Stair_Exercise. You create a set of stairs from the lobby to the second level landing.rvt. On the Properties palette. Before you create the stairs. Zoom in Region to the lobby. The completed exercise Straight Run Stairs 1. Stairs and Railings s 217 . This enables you to place the stairs properly.

In this case. The Draw panel on the Create Stairs Sketch tab displays several sketch tools. 5. You now see the outline of the floors and walls from Level 2 as an underlay (light gray). Click OK to close the dialog box. Run is preselected. On the Home tab.Stairs and Railings . These tools are used to define your stairs.4. You can define either a straight run or a circular run. you create a straight run. The cursor changes to a crosshairs. This enables you to create the stairs by selecting the start and end of the run. which has also been preselected in the Draw panel. click Stairs. Circulation panel. 218 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . The default stair creation method is to define the run of the stairs.

As you move the cursor up. On the Mode panel. the run footprint stops expanding. and then click to define the run of stairs. Stairs and Railings s 219 . Select this intersection point to start your run. select Finish (green check). click the blue centerline and edit the dimension to 4400. 8. If you have not fully created the run. You can continue to move the cursor up. To change the run dimension. You can locate the intersection point by moving the cursor above the midpoint of the doors until you see the word Intersection and dashed alignment snap lines display. You can also enter a distance of 4400. Revit displays the number of risers you created. The riser counter may indicate that there are still risers to create. 10. 7. Start your stairs at the intersection point of above the double doors. Move the cursor up so the run is vertical. 9. indicating the intersection point of wall extensions.6. you can adjust the run dimension for your stairs.

Open this view by double-clicking the name of the view in the browser.Stairs and Railings . AIA Standards dictate that stairs in plan include an arrow to show the direction the stair rises. you created and placed a straight run stair. Save the file as Unit6_stair_in_progress. In this exercise.rvt. 13. You align the stairs with the landing in the next exercise. Save the file in a location provided by your instructor. The number and size of the treads and risers should also be indicated in your floor plan layout.11. 220 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 12. The stairs display with the word UP and an arrow to indicate their direction. click application menu > Save As > Project. and switched to a 3D view. Lobby Stair View is already created to help you view the stairs in 3D. To avoid overwriting the original file.

Select the top riser of the stair to align it with your first pick. Select the front of the Level 2 landing floor as your first selection. Edit panel. Activate view Floor Plans. Level 1. On the Modify tab. click Align. 2.Exercise: Modify Stairs In this exercise.rvt. The stair is not centered on the landing. Stairs and Railings s 221 . The top of the stair moves into alignment with the Level 2 landing. Open or continue working in file Unit6_stair_in_progress. The completed exercise Align Stairs 1. Zoom in close to the top of the stair run. You align the stair with the landing on Level 2. you learn different ways to modify and control stair definitions using the following Revit tools: s Align s Section View s Stair Properties s Boundary s Mirror s Delete 3. This is part of the gray underlay you turned on earlier using View Properties.

You may have to zoom out to click the Up arrow. On the Options Bar. Click the center of the stairs.4. 222 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . If you have a scroll mouse. 5. select Wall centerlines. The Align command remains active. from the Prefer list. You can also click the ViewCube in the upper right of the view and drag it to orient the model. Take time to make the selections correctly. Click the center of the wall first. hold down the scroll wheel and press SHIFT. which is located at the center of the stairs. You can rotate your model to get a better view.Stairs and Railings . Enter HL to switch to Hidden Line display mode. Align the center of the wall under the landing with the center of the stairs. Open the lobby stair view to see the result.

Graphics. 7. Do the same over the stair riser to read its properties. s Click OK. On the Properties palette. 8. On the Properties palette. Hover the cursor over the railing. and Dimensions subsections. s Click Duplicate. A tooltip describing the railing properties displays. even though the Stairs and Railings s 223 . Use the scroll bar on the right side of the dialog box. notice that stairs and railings are separate families. study the instance parameters under the Constraints. As you prehighlight them. Select the stairs. enter Lobby Stairs. Change Width to 1350.6. The stairs were created using the properties of the default stair type called Stair: 180mm max riser 275mm tread. click Edit Type. Double-click Stair Section to open the stair section view. railings were created with the stairs. In the Project Browser. expand Sections (Building Section). s For Name. 9.

Cherry s s Click Modify.10. Change the following parameters to: Stringers Trim Stringers At Top > Match Level Risers s Riser Type > Straight Treads s 11. s Change the View Properties to Hidden Line to make it easier to see. Click and hold the CTRL key when selecting multiple items.Interior Carpet 1 Riser Material > Finishes . Select both railings. To change the railing type: s Open the 3D view. Click OK to complete the change of the stairs to the new type with the new parameters.Interior Carpet 1 Stringer Material > Wood . 224 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Nosing Profile > Stair Nosing .Stairs and Railings . Lobby Stair View.Radius: 20 mm Materials and Finishes s s s s Tread Material > Finishes . Your screen angle may look slightly different from the illustration.

The stair changes to the run sketch. expand the list of predefined railing types in the project. s Open the Level 1 Floor Plan view. You alter the boundary of the staircase by defining two arcs that form the outside boundary in plan. Place your cursor over the left green boundary line.12. The railings change. Click it to select it. The owner wishes to have a stair that is wider at the bottom and narrower at the top. In the Type Selector. click Edit Sketch. s Select the stairs (not a railing). and the context tab changes to Modify Stairs > Edit Sketch. Next. Delete this line. Select Railing: 900mm Pipe. 14. 13. you change the shape of the stairs. s On the Modify | Stairs tab. Stairs and Railings s 225 . Mode panel. s Zoom in on the stairs.

click Boundary. 18. Move the pointer approximately as shown in the next figure. To place the same arc shape on the right side of the stair: s Select and delete the right side boundary. Click to place the arc. 17. 19. 226 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . 16. To place the second arc endpoint. s Select the arc boundary you just created. Click Modify. click Mirror > Pick Mirror Axis.Stairs and Railings . s On the Modify panel.15. Start the sketch at the intersection of the bottom riser and the left inner wall. Click StartEnd-Radius arc. s Select the center-run blue line as the mirror axis. click the left end of the top riser. On the Draw panel. Green alignment lines to the wall and the riser display as shown when the cursor is placed correctly.

select the endpoint of the right boundary. 20. First. Next. Stairs and Railings s 227 .21. Delete the first (bottom) riser line. For the third point. Click CenterEnds-Arc. click Riser. the arc center point. select the middle of the seventh riser going up. Click to exit the Mirror command. This will define a rounded first step. select the endpoint of the left boundary. The left boundary will be mirrored. On the Draw panel.

In this exercise. 228 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . Use the Spin and Zoom tools to position your model so you can view the stairs. 23. You also modified the properties of a railing. On the Mode panel. Open the {3D} view to see the results. click Finish.22. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_stairs.rvt.Stairs and Railings . you modified stair properties and boundaries.

Stairs and Railings s 229 . place your cursor over the railing to prehighlight it. you need to define a path for the railing. you edit the railing and sketch in the required additional path segments. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_stairs. Therefore. The completed exercise To create a railing. s If the railing does not highlight when you try to select it. To make sure you are selecting the railing. s s Sketch a Railing 1. 3. Select the right side railing. Click Modify.rvt from the previous exercise. Zoom into the landing area as shown. 2. For simple railings. use the TAB key to toggle the cursor selection to the railing. This is typically done in plan view. the railing runs from a stair railing around the two sides of a landing.Exercise: Add a Railing In this exercise. you sketch the plan view path. you add a railing to a second floor landing. Railings are typically created using a floor plan view with sketch tools. In this case. Open the Level 2 floor plan view.

Sketch a vertical line from the end of the red line to extend the railing. edit the temporary dimension. Place a vertical line so it ends at the wall. 6. Then.4. click Edit Path. s s On the Options Bar. The dimensions are shown as a guide. select Chain. enter 100 or click to place the line endpoint. You do not need to add dimensions. click Line. 5. 7. Mode panel. s s Draw the vertical line so it is 100 mm from the starting point. Select Finish to exit the railing definition. Once the railing is selected.Stairs and Railings . Continue sketching and place a 2000 mm horizontal line to the right. To set the exact distance. on the Modify | Railings tab. On the Draw panel. 230 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .

Switch to a 3D view so you can inspect your railing. you used sketch tools to create a railing.s s If you get an error message when you select Finish Railing. In this exercise. Delete your lines and try again. You can create free standing railings that are not part of stairs and ramps. Use the down arrow on the stairs as the mirror line. Delete the left railing and mirror the new railing to the left. Click Pick New Host while in sketch mode to create a railing that attaches to a stair or ramp.rvt. Stairs and Railings s 231 . it is probably because you failed to select the endpoint of the existing rail when you started sketching. Railings are created on the level of the current view by default. 9. Save the file as Unit6_lobby_railing. 8.

the stairs appear as a U-shape. s On the Options Bar. Open or continue working in Unit6_lobby_railing. 232 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . set the Offset value to 850. The completed exercise To help in placing the stairs. Create a Reference Plane 1. Plane Create U-Shaped Stairs 1. you use the following Revit tools: s Stairs s Stair Properties s Hide/Isolate s Ref.rvt from the previous exercise. click Ref Plane > Draw Reference Plane. Activate the view Floor Plans: Level 1. In a floor plan view. 2. You can name reference planes and refer to them in dimensions and parameters.Stairs and Railings .Exercise: Create U-Shaped Stairs U-shaped stairs are half-flight stairs with a landing in between. Work Plane panel. Zoom into the upper left of the plan as indicated in the illustration below. s On the Home tab. you create a reference plane. Revit Architecture uses reference planes for alignment. In this exercise.

s Click at the midpoint of the wall in doorway #16. Dark Grey Matte s Stringer Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Matte 2. 6. Select the midpoint of the edge of the platform (shown in underlay) at the left. Stairs and Railings s 233 . Change the following Materials and Finishes parameters to: s Tread Material: Finishes . To start sketching the run. 5. Click Duplicate to create a new stair type. enter SM at the keyboard to activate the Midpoint object snap for one selection. On the Home tab. You need to create a U-shaped run of stairs. click Stairs.Exterior: Precast Concrete Panels s Riser Material: Metal-Paint Finish. Click OK twice. Circulation panel. For Name. enter Exit Stairs. Revit places a reference plane 850 mm from the line you draw. Pull the cursor straight up. Dark Gray. Click Edit Type. change the Width parameter to 900. Click OK. 3. On the Properties palette. or approximately 500 mm from the wall surface. 4.

234 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . enter 1925. Align it with the last riser line and the reference plane. Click to finish the stair run. Move the pointer down vertically to the edge of the platform. If you have trouble making the correct distance display. The riser counter will indicate when you have drawn enough run to create 17 risers.Stairs and Railings . Click to place the first run. with none remaining to be created. 9.7. Move the pointer vertically to a distance of 1925 (Revit will snap weakly at intervals that equal treads). Press ENTER. 8. Move the pointer to the right.

11.10. On the View Control bar. Remove the additional lines. If you get an error message. click Finish Stairs. On the Quick Access toolbar at the top of the screen. but they are hidden behind walls. Click Finish Stairs again. You want to inspect your stairs. Use Hide/Isolate 1. it is because you have overlapping lines. Stairs and Railings s 235 . click 3D View to view your model in 3D. 2. Hold the CTRL key to select both walls simultaneously. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Hide Element. On the Stairs panel. you select Continue to return the sketch. To remove the lines. Select the two walls of the stair tower. Spin and Zoom as necessary to get a view of the stair enclosure. You temporarily hide the walls in the view.

Zoom in to see your stairs. Reset the Display 1. 236 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . This is a multistory stair. Finally. The stairs update to become multistory stairs. 2. On the View Control Bar. The exterior walls reappear. and to create a U-shaped stair.rvt. you learned to use the Hide/Isolate tool to temporarily hide objects. so it should repeat itself up to the top floor. 6. Click Zoom to Fit in the view. 5. you learned to create a reference plane. The walls are now hidden. Save as Unit6_exit_stairs. 4. click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. 3.3. The View Control Bar shows that the Hide tool is active in this view. On the Properties palette. Select the stairs so they highlight. You also learned to use Properties to create multistory stairs. change the Constraints parameter for Multistory Top Level to Level 3.Stairs and Railings . In this exercise.

escalators. STEM Connections s 237 .STEM Connections Background Modern buildings use a variety of methods for moving people from level to level such as stairs. and elevators. ramps.

smoke guards. and deliver riders without wait time. They cost less. 238 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 .Stairs and Railings . Include landings as required by your local building code. s Who invented the modern elevator? s What was the first building with elevators? Technology Railings are protective devices. s Investigate and report on the fire safety equipment and features (sprinklers. s What types of glass can be used in balcony railings and why? Engineering Escalators are more efficient than elevators for buildings with six floors or less.Science The elevator is used in almost all tall buildings today. this openness makes them fire hazards. Math s Calculate the length of a wheelchair ramp necessary to reach a 3'-0” upper level. but they can also be highly decorative. They do not need pits or penthouses for equipment and do not have the complex controls of elevators. shutters) installed on the escalators at your local shopping mall. require less floor space to deliver the same passenger loads. Escalators should provide clear views of the surroundings for riders.

True b. 30" b. 36" d. 40" 4.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture lesson. s Create railings. All risers in a flight of stairs should be the same rise. b. 25 degrees b. 45 degrees c. Exterior stairs are usually more steep than interior stairs. A stairway must be at least how wide? a. True b. 32" c. False Summary/Questions s 239 . a. 90 degrees d. False 2. you learned to: s Create stairs. A quarter-turn stair is a stair that has two flights that connect with a landing that makes what angle? a. 180 degrees 3. a. a. and all treads should be the same run. s Modify stair boundaries. General Questions 1.

False 240 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 6 . a. To create an arc-shaped landing or riser. you use the _______ tool to locate the railing. Pick New Host b. True b. Stairs can be defined by sketching a run or by sketching _________ and ________. risers and treads. False 6. a. Treads. Attach Railing c. Railings can be free-standing or attached to stairs. Manage d. you use the _______ option. Fasten Railing 5. The Stairs tool is located on the _______ tab: a. You can apply materials to different stair components. a. a.Revit Architecture Questions 1. Run. a. To create railings on stairs without railings. Rectangle c. Arc d. Railings. True b. riser lines c. Insert 2. risers 3. Modify c. that is.Stairs and Railings . Home b. Circle 4. Line b. Boundary lines. Align Railing d. riser d. risers b.

(Evaluation) Introduction s 241 . (Student) 7. s Define a roof structure. (Student) 6. you will be able to: s Create roofs with different styles. (Student) 5. (Student) 4. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint. s Place gutters. Review of roof types. (Student) 8. (Student) 10. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 7 . (Student) 11. Complete Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof. (Discussion) 2. Complete Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof. Evaluate Students. Complete Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia.Roofs About This Unit When you complete this Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Place Gutters. s Place fascia. Complete Exercise: Create a Hip Roof. (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials. (Student) 3. Lesson Plan 1. Complete Exercise: Create a Shed Roof.

A roof must be constructed to span across space and carry its own weight. Identify the different roof types. 242 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . roof types. and the necessary requirements for designing roofs. tiles. you will be able to: s s s s Describe the different materials used to build roofs. or a continuous membrane) used to shed rainwater and melting snow to a system of drains. and pitch of a sloped roof. run.About Roofs About This Lesson This lesson explains the elements and materials that make up roofs.Roofs . The slope and structure of a roof must be compatible with the type of roofing material (shingles. as well as the weight of any attached equipment and accumulated rain and snow. gutters. Calculate the rise. Roofs function as the main element for sheltering the interior spaces of a building. List the materials and construction methods for building flat and sloping roofs. After completing this lesson. and downspouts. It addresses roof construction.

s Soffit: The underside of an overhanging roof eave. s Dormer: Projecting structures built out from a sloping roof that houses a vertical window or ventilating louver. This lesson relates to science. s Eave: The overhanging lower edge of a roof. engineering. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Ridge: The horizontal line of intersection at the top between two sloping planes of a roof. About Roofs s 243 . and math standards.Key Terms cellulose flat gable gambrel hipped inorganic organic phenolic pitch pyramidal slope shed span tapered Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Technology. Math (STEM). Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Materials and Terminology The following terms are typically used with reference to roofs: s Hip: The projecting angle formed by the junction of two adjacent sloping sides of a roof. s Shed: A roof with a single slope. s Rake: The inclined. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. s Gable: The triangular portion of a wall enclosing the end of a pitched roof from the ridge to eaves. usually projecting edge of a sloping roof. and Language Arts.

Roofs .244 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

maintenance. They come in several types. and if visible. and sun. maintenance. as well as how effective a shelter it is. both low and steep. Sloped roofs. durability. s s Wood shingles are normally cut from red cedar with a fine. The following materials are used in building roofs: s Composition shingles are a good choice for a clean look at an affordable price. the roofing pattern. s Slate shingles are an extremely durable. durability. are designed for shedding water and snow. fire-resistant. These are used more often on upscale homes. rot. and color. and sunlight. snow. texture. the roofing pattern. even grain and are naturally resistant to water.Materials The roof of your house provides shelter from rain. brands. and colors. How you relate your roof to the sky is very important. The type of roofing used depends on the pitch of the roof structure. texture. About Roofs s 245 . resistance to wind and fire. and if visible. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. Additional factors to take into consideration when selecting a roofing material are requirements for installation. Wood shakes are formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. resulting in at least one textured face. and color. The surface of your roof determines how your house looks. resistance to wind and fire. and low maintenance roofing material. You can use them for many different applications. They are easy to install and require low maintenance.

treatment for insects. or terne metal (a stainless steelplated alloy of tin and lead). Insulation comes in the following forms: s Blankets: Rolls made of glass fiber. The roof panel may be made of aluminum with a natural mill or enameled finish. s Foam-in-place: Liquid foamed plastic. and insulating capability (R-value). odor. In a house with a cathedral ceiling. cool night will transmit more heat from the house than would a light-colored roof. Unfortunately. A dark-colored shingle will affect the interior environment by absorbing solar heat from the sun during the day. A white or nearly white roof will reflect solar radiation during the day and will not radiate much heat at night. special characteristics (for example. choose a type that will suit your needs. fiberglass. They are fire-resistant. and so forth). s Corrugated metal roofing consists of ribbed panels spanned between roof beams or purlins running across the slope. s Phenolic or rigid foam: Sheets or board of foamed plastic such as polyurethane or polystyrene. s Fiberglass: Loose insulation requiring blown-in installation. s Cellulose fiber: Recycled paper particles treated with chemicals and blown-in or sprayed. galvanized steel. galvanized steel. quality. or corrugated structural glass. but of equal importance is its ability to provide thermal protection. If thermal insulation is required under a shingle roof. the roof forms the ceilings of the rooms below. a light roof helps to keep a house cool during the day and warm at night. Therefore. and require little maintenance. This same roof on a clear.s Tile roofing consists of clay or concrete units that overlap or interlock to create a strong textural pattern. s Batts: Precut blankets in standard sizes. 246 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . durable. reinforced plastic. the roof has to stay relatively clean in order to function properly. A sheet metal roof is characterized by a strong visual pattern of interlocking seams and articulated ridges and roof edges.Roofs . They are also heavy and require framing that is strong enough to carry the weight of the tiles. When choosing the insulation for your job. A primary function of a roof covering is to provide a material that sheds water. consider such factors as cost. s Sheet metal roofing may be copper. zinc alloy.

Flat roofs can efficiently cover a building of any horizontal dimension. and may be structured and designed to serve as an outdoor space. Flat roofs may be structured using the following materials and methods: s Reinforced concrete slabs s Flat timber of steel trusses s Timber or steel beams and decking s Wood or steel joists and sheathing About Roofs s 247 . The slope usually leads to interior drains. The minimum recommended slope is 1/4" per foot (1:50).Roof Construction Flat roofs require a continuous-membrane roofing material.

Roofs .Sloping Roofs Sloping roofs may be categorized into the following: s Low slope: up to 3:12 s Medium slope: 4:12 to 7:12 s High slope: 7:12 to 12:12 The roofing material used. the requirements for underlayment. eave flashing. The height and area of a sloping roof increase with its horizontal dimensions. and design wind loads are all affected by the roof slope. Steeper slopes are required in areas with snowfall to ensure the weight of the snow does not cause the roof to collapse. Sloping roofs may be constructed using the following materials and methods: s Wood or steel rafters and sheathing 248 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

s Timber or steel beams. purlins. and decking s Timber or steel trusses Roof Types The types of roofs are illustrated in this lesson: s Gable s Cross Gable s Flat s Hipped s Cross Hipped s Pyramidal s Shed s Mansard s Gambrel s Salt Box About Roofs s 249 .

Cross Gable Two intersecting gable roofs.Roofs . Flat A roof that lies flat and has a very minimal slope or none at all.Gable A triangular roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off. 250 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Pyramidal A hip roof built on a square base with eaves of the same length. The hipped roof allows eaves all around a building. About Roofs s 251 . Cross Hipped Two hipped roofs that intersect.Hipped A low-pitched roof that enables rain and snow to easily run off.

Gambrel A gable roof with two sloped edges on each face. Similar to a gable roof because it also enables rain and snow to run off.Roofs . Mansard A gable roof with a flat area at the top. 252 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . as opposed to being perfectly triangular. Many barns use gambrel roofs.Shed One basic face with a slope. These are commonly used in French-style houses.

The run value is typically equal to 12. the pitch is displayed as 1/12. Roof Slope The angle of incline on a roof is referred to as the slope or pitch. s Run = 12 s Slope = rise:run s Span = 2*run or 24 s Pitch = rise/span If the slope of this roof is displayed as 2:12. run. Common slopes are: s 1 1/2:12 s 3:12 s 5:12 s 6:12 s 8:12 s 12:12 s 18:12 s 24:12 About Roofs s 253 . rise and span are used to show it as the pitch. Rise and run values are used to show it as the slope.Salt Box Similar to a gable roof. A number indicates the value of the rise. where as. and span. but the two sides are not symmetrical.

254 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . and pitch is noted as a fraction. 7 and 12. Slope is usually noted as a ratio. 7 on 12.Roofs . 7 to 12.When designing a roof. Exterior elevations should include a slope note for the roofs. Terminology used to describe roof pitch or slope include 7/12. 7-12. The note consists of a horizontal line to indicate the run and a vertical line to indicate the rise. try to specify standard roof pitch.

you sketch the profile of the roof in an elevation view and extrude it horizontally. you work with massing shapes and not building components. All roofs have to be impervious to wind. Creating roofs by using faces is covered in Unit 2. s Soffits are the visible underside of structural members such as cornices and beams. that convey rainwater to drains. Roofs are created in Revit Architecture software by the following three methods: s Footprint s Extrusion s Face To create a roof by footprint. s Place gutters. s Create a hip roof. s Create various roof types. and must have a system for draining water away from the building. You then define the slope(s) of the roof by identifying lines in the footprint that are edges of sloping roof planes. or ice. or roof overhangs. or by letting Revit Architecture automatically specify the depth. you will be able to: s Create a roof from a footprint. dormers. or eaves. you can add gutters. You can either specify the depth of the extrusion by setting a start point and an endpoint. Roofs s 255 . s A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of the roof. often supporting a gutter. Exercise 1: Designing with Building Forms. s Dormers are projections in a sloping roof. Roof systems are quite varied in design and materials.Roofs About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Roofs in Autodesk Revit Architecture The roof of a building is its top layer of protection against weather. soffits. and fascia. you specify the outline of a roof in a plan view. s Gutters are channels at the roof edges. Revit provides you with the ability to define roof structures so you can assign materials and layers to your roof. Once you create a roof. water. s Assign roof structure and materials. snow. s Create a roof fascia. To create a roof by face. s A fascia is a vertical member at the outside edge of a cornice. To create a roof by the extrusion method.

Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Math (STEM). 256 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson.Roofs . technology. This lesson relates to science. Engineering. and Language Arts.Key Terms cornice dormer extrusion face fascia footprint gutter pitch soffit Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering. and math standards.

The completed exercise Create an Extruded Roof 1. the top of the roof profile is sketched.Exercise: Create an Extruded Roof In this exercise. Click OK to continue. plane defined for your use as shown in the illustration. In the Work Plane dialog box. select the Name option.rvt. 3. Click Home tab > Build panel Roof > Roof by Extrusion. Open view Floor Plan: Level 1. Open ADA_Roofs.. To create an extruded roof. This exercise file has one reference Roofs s 257 . Reference planes are required to sketch this roof. You place the roof in the area indicated by the red rectangle. 2. you create an extruded roof. 4. Select Reference Plane : Breezeway from the list. and then extruded by applying a thickness value.

s Use the image below for guidance. 6. In the Place Reference Plane context tab. s Sketch from down to up on the external face of the wall. enter 1' 6" for the Offset value. The section view should display as shown. 2. To sketch a reference plane 1' 6" to the left of the left side wall: s On the Options Bar. select Level 2 with an offset of 0' 0".5. A section view parallel to the work plane has been defined. 3. In the Go To View dialog box. Sketch top to bottom on the external (right) side of the right hand wall to place a reference plane 1' 6" to the right of the right exterior wall face of the breezeway. In the Roof Reference Level and Offset dialog box. you define four reference planes to help determine key points on the sketch. select Section: Section 1. click Ref Plane. 4. On the Work Plane panel. Draw panel. Drawing Reference Planes 1. Click Open View. Before sketching the roof's profile. click Line. 258 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The Modify | Create Extrusion Roof Profile context tab is open. You are prompted to select a view to use while sketching the roof.Roofs .

Roofs s 259 . sketch a horizontal reference plane 1' 6" below Level 2. Using the image below for guidance. To keep the reference plane centered: s Click the icon below the temporary dimensions that display on each side of the new reference plane to make the dimensions permanent. s Select the new dimension. Using a positive offset value. Set the Offset value to 0 and add a vertical reference plane between the breezeway walls. 5.6. sketch from right to left along the Level line. s Click the EQ toggle. s Click Modify.

To sketch the roof profile: s On the Draw panel. Click OK. 6. 260 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . for Name. The name displays when you select the reference plane. 4. Select the horizontal reference plane you just placed. Start your line at the intersection of the two reference planes to the left of the vertical wall. Your next point is at the intersection of Level 2 and the centered reference plane. click Chain. 3. s On the Options Bar. On the Mode panel. 5. click Finish (green check). Right-click. Click Cancel to terminate the Line tool. On the Properties palette. enter Horizontal. you can label them. click Line.Roofs . 7. Click Modify. 1. 2.Use Reference Planes to Create a Roof Profile To make it easy to identify the reference planes. Your third point is at the intersection of the right reference plane and the horizontal reference plane.

Roofs s 261 . Switch to a 3D view. 9. Notice that the roof penetrates the walls inappropriately. Revit creates the roof using the Generic .8.12" type.

Roofs . carefully select the far right roof edge. Edit Geometry panel.Join/Unjoin Roof To change the length of the roof extrusion. The roof extends to meet the selected wall surface. 1. Not only does this adjust the length of the roof. 2. Select the edge of the roof as shown. 262 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . This is a two-step process. Using the images for guidance. it mates the roof edges to the exterior walls. click Join/Unjoin Roof. 3. On the Modify tab. Click Join/Unjoin Roof again. Then select the exterior (left) face of the wall at the right side of the breezeway. you use the Join/Unjoin Roof command. Then select the exterior wall face of the garage.

The roof is now trimmed on both sides. Select both walls. However. the vertical walls extrude through the roof. On the Options Bar. 3. Roofs s 263 . Select the roof.4. Trim Walls 1. hold down the CTRL key while selecting them in turn. To select both walls together. select Attach Wall: Top. This will join the wall tops to the roof. click Attach: Top/ Base. On the Modify Wall panel. open the view Sections: Section 1. In the Project Browser. 2.

s Placed reference planes to help sketch the roof profile. In this exercise.rvt. 5. s Used Join/UnJoin to trim the roof to the walls. Save the file as Unit7_first_roof. s Used Top/Base: Attach to trim walls to the roof.4. you: s Created a roof using an extrusion. The roof now looks correct.Roofs . 264 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Switch to a 3D view.

rvt. From the drop-down list. The height of the roof base can be offset from this level using Properties. prompting you to define the level the roof resides on. by Footprint. from existing walls. Open or continue working in or you can select walls to help define the roof outline.Exercise: Create a Roof from a Footprint Create a Gable Roof The roof footprint is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of a roof. you create a gable roof using a footprint. select Garage Roof. The inner loops define openings in the roof. In this exercise. You draw the footprint using sketching tools. Click Yes. 4. Unit7_first_roof. Because you are in a 3D view. The file should be open to You can specify a value to control the footprint offset a 3D view. The completed exercise Roofs s 265 . Build panel. 1. and may also contain other closed loops inside the perimeter sketch. a dialog box is displayed. Use the ViewCube to orient the 3D view to the Top. The footprint sketch is created at 2. so you look straight down as in a plan. The sketch must contain a closed section representing the outside of the roof. click Roof > Roof the same level of the plan view where it is sketched. On the Home tab. 3.

266 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s On Options Bar. click Pick Walls. 7. select the vertical wall on the left. To finish the roof sketch: s On the Options Bar. click Defines Slope.0". the double arrow placement control enables you to toggle the line from side to side. 6.Roofs . clear the Defines slope option. Make sure the dashed green line is to the right of the wall. Next. Use the image below for guidance. s Set the value for Overhang to 2' . The Modify | Create Roof Footprint context tab opens. This creates a closed loop and completes the roof footprint sketch. To start the roof sketch: s In the Draw panel. Select the right vertical wall of the garage. If you place a line on the wrong side.5. s Select the top horizontal wall and bottom horizontal wall. 8.

Other controls also display. click Yes. It becomes an editable field. Click beside the edit box to enter the value. defining lines separately. When a roof line is set to slope defining. 1. Click the 9"/12" text. In the Slope field of the Properties palette for that line. Two slope arrows display in our roof sketch. By default. To complete the roof. Roofs s 267 . That value displays next to the slope arrow. 2. Select the right side roof line. the slope arrow symbol displays next to it.Change the Roof Pitch To change the roof pitch. The new roof displays. Click Modify. Select the left slope defining line. When prompted to attach the exterior garage walls to the roof. 3. change the value to 6"/12". roof slope is set to a 9" rise over a 12" run. Change this value to 6"/12". click Finish. you can edit the roof properties or change the properties of the slope.

Roofs .4. Spin the view to see the new roof and attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_second_roof. 268 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . In this exercise. 5. you created a roof using a footprint and you modified the slope.rvt. Use the Home icon of the ViewCube to reorient the view away from Top.

On the Options Bar. 3. To chain-select all of the walls. Open view Floor Plan: Level 3. Build panel. On Home tab. Roofs s 269 . click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Clear Defines Slope. The roof requires an opening to accommodate a chimney. you create a gable roof using a footprint. When all of the walls prehighlight. click to select them. set the overhang to 1' 0". The file opens to a 3D view.rvt. 2. 4. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the TAB key. Open or continue working in Unit7_second_roof. The completed exercise Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration 1. Click Draw panel > Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Roof with a Vertical Penetration In this exercise.

click Rectangle. Zoom into the chimney area. 3.Roofs . 2. On the Draw panel. 270 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . As an alternate. Using the image for guidance. On the Options Bar. sketch a rectangle over the chimney's exterior face. 4.Create a Roof Opening 1. Right-click. verify the 0' 0" Offset. Click Zoom To Fit to view the entire floor plan. you can activate the Pick Lines option and select the four sides of the chimney.

Click Finish. 4. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. click Yes. As in the previous exercise. horizontal line. 2. select the Defines Slope.Add Slope Lines 1. 5. Select the uppermost. the view Cut Plane makes the roof appear incomplete. 3. 6. Roofs s 271 . On the Options Bar. Select the left lower horizontal line. Click Modify. The slope indicator displays. On the Options Bar. select Defines Slope.

you created a roof with an opening for the chimney and applied slopes to existing roof lines.Roofs .rvt. In this exercise.7. 8. attached walls. Save the file as Unit7_third_roof. and chimney penetration. Switch to a 3D view to see the roof. 272 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .

Exercise: Create a Hip Roof In this exercise. On the Options Bar. 2. Select Defines Slope. Build panel. The completed exercise On the Home tab. set Overhang to 2' . The file should open to a 3D view. Roofs s 273 . Click Pick Walls if it is not already active. Zoom into the area shown. 3. Create the Roof 1. 4. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. you create a hip roof.rvt.0". Open or continue working in Unit7_third_roof. 5. click Roof > Roof by Footprint. Select the three walls shown in the image.

click Line. Click Finish to complete the roof. Roof sketches must create a closed loop. s s Clear Defines Slope. 274 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 2. Right-click the ViewCube. s On the Draw panel. In addition.0". On the Properties palette. Raise the Roof 1.7. Use the Trim tool to clean up the corners of the roof sketch if needed. To close the roof sketch. you use the Line tool. Switch to a 3D View. sketched lines cannot overlap or intersect each other. change the value of the parameter Base Offset From Level to 2' . 3. Click OK. Click View > Orient to a Direction > Northeast Isometric to quickly flip to the rear of the building. Draw a line with no offset to close the roof sketch.Roofs . 6.

click Modify tab > Edit Geometry panel > Join/Unjoin Roof. Select the edge of the hip roof first. and then the face of the bordering exterior wall as shown. To properly join the new rooftop to the main building. The hip roof joins to the wall and continues into the main roof. Roofs s 275 .Join/Unjoin Roof 1.

and then joined it to a wall. Save the file as Unit7_hip_roof.2. 276 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .rvt. In this exercise.Roofs . you created a hip roof using a footprint.

you create a shed roof using the footprint method. Roofs s 277 . 7. On the Draw panel. Create a Shed Roof 1. Set the Overhang to 1' 0". click Pick Walls.Exercise: Create a Shed Roof In this exercise. 4. 3. click Line. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the area shown. Open view Floor Plan: Level 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_hip_roof. Select the three walls that define the entryway as shown.rvt. The completed exercise On the Draw panel. The file should open to a 3D view. 2. Clear Defines Slope. Click Home tab > Build panel > Roof > Roof by Footprint. 6. 5.

Set the Slope to 6" / 12". Set the Offset to 0' 0". Select the lower.8.Roofs . 11. Right-click the line. 12. Click Modify. 10. On the Properties palette. edit the Base Offset From Level parameter to 2' 0". horizontal line at the front of the roof. Click Toggle Slope Defining. 9. Draw a line along the outside face of the wall to close the roof sketch. Use the Trim tool to clean up the roof sketch profile. 278 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . 13.

In this exercise. Click the Home icon above the ViewCube to return the view to Southeast Isometric orientation. Switch to a 3D view. 16. click Yes. 17. Click OK. you created a shed roof using a footprint. 15.rvt. When prompted to attach the walls to the roof. 18. Save as Unit7_shed_roof.14. Finish the Roof. Roofs s 279 .

On the menu bar. You will constrain the current roof so that it does not rise above Level 3. click View > Orient > Northeast to orient the view. 2. Cutoff Level list. Open ADA_Mansard_Roof. Activate the view North Elevation. On the Properties palette.rvt. 4. 3.Roofs . select Level 3. you create a mansard roof by cutting off a roof at a specific level and adding an additional roof on top of it.Exercise: Create a Mansard Roof In this exercise. Open the Default 3D view. Select the Roof. The completed exercise Create a Mansard Roof 1. 5. 280 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . The roof updates. Notice that the roof is cut off at level 3. You see four levels defined in the model.

click Roof > Roof by Footprint. 9. Save as Unit7_mansard_roof. on the Properties palette. click Pick Lines. In this exercise. 10.6. Finish the Roof. 13. Select the inner rectangle as shown. On the Home tab. select Defines Slope. Open Floor Plan: Level 3. you created a mansard roof using the footprint method and modifying properties. Roofs s 281 . 12. 11. On the Options Bar. Switch to a 3D View.rvt. To set the slope for the new roof. 7. 8. On the Draw panel. set the slope value to 3"/12". Zoom and spin to see your model.

thereby reducing energy consumption. Roof insulation prevents heat loss in cold weather and unwanted heat gain in summer. Select the main roof over the house. 2. Open or continue working in Unit7_shed_roof. 3.Asphalt Shingle Insulated. In the Type Selector. The file should open to a 3D view. A roof is considered a compound structure and is defined similarly to a wall.Exercise: Assign a Roof Structure and Materials In this exercise. select Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8" . Roof design is an important consideration for sustainable design. 1. The completed exercise 282 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .rvt. you specify the material and Assign a Roof Structure and Materials insulation used in your roof.

enter Clay Tile. 3. To define a new roof type: s On the Properties palette. 2. click Edit. click Edit Type.Define a Roof Structure 1. Select Layer 2 as shown. click Duplicate. Click Insert to add a layer. s s In the Type Properties dialog box. 4. For Structure Value. s Set the Layer 2 Material to Masonry-Tile. s Click OK. For Name. Roofs s 283 . Select the roof over the garage. 5. It is a generic roof type. Set the following properties: s Set Layer 2 Function to Structure [1].

click the arrow next to the Surface Pattern field. In this exercise. s Set the Layer 3 Material to Insulation/ Thermal Barriers-Rigid Insulation. s Set the Layer 3 Thickness to 2".s s s In the Materials dialog box. 7.Roofs . 6. Set the Surface Pattern to Shake. select Model. you defined a new roof structure and assigned roof materials. Save the file as Unit7_roof_structure. The garage roof displays a pattern. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 284 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . s Click OK. s Set Layer 3 Function to Thermal/Air Layer. 8. s Set the Layer 2 Thickness to 6".rvt. Click OK twice. In the Fill Pattern dialog box.

you define and add a fascia to an existing roof. open the Imperial/Profiles/RoofsImperial/Profiles/Roofs Select Fascia-Built-Up.Exercise: Create a Roof Fascia A cornice is a horizontal projection at the top of a wall or under the overhanging part of a roof. click Load From Library panel > Load Family. click Roof > Fascia. to support a gutter.rvt. The completed exercise Create a Roof Fascia 1. 4. Click Open. In this exercise. In the Open dialog box. 2. 3. or for decoration. A fascia is a flat member placed in a vertical position at the outside edge of a cornice or roof to serve as a drip edge. On the Home tab. Roofs s 285 .rfa. Open ADA_Roof_Fascia. On the Insert tab.

Set the Material value to Metal . Click Duplicate. To create a new fascia type using the profile you 7. 6. select Fascia-Built Up: 1 x 12 w 1 x 8.Roofs . enter Built-up Fascia as the new fascia type. For Name. just loaded: s On the Properties palette. Click OK. In the Type Properties dialog box.Paint Finish Ivory. for Profile. 286 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . click Edit Type. s Click OK to exit the dialog box.5. Matte.

Save the file as Unit7_fascia_applied. Move the cursor to the top edge of a roof overhang.8. you defined and applied a roof fascia. In this exercise. Select all of the roof edges to place fascia segments. Roofs s 287 . 9.rvt. Verify that your new fascia type is listed in the Type Selector list.

288 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Exercise: Place Gutters Gutters are important because they collect rainwater and route it away from the building walls and foundation. On the Home tab. select Metal Aluminum. 2. 6.rvt. 1. Click OK. so as not to detract from the design of the building. 3. Architects are careful to make gutters unobtrusive.Bevel: 5" x 5". enter Cove Shape Gutter as the new gutter type. click Edit Type. 5. you add gutters to a building. The completed exercise 4. click Roof > Gutter. select Gutter . For Name. To create a gutter type for this project: s On the Properties palette. Click OK.Roofs . Click OK to exit the Type Properties dialog box. under Profile parameter. Place Gutters In this exercise. Open or continue working in the file Unit7_fascia_applied. s Click Duplicate. The file should open to a 3D view. Under Material parameter. In the Type Properties dialog box.

Move the cursor to the top outside edge of the fascia. the gutter displays on the wrong side. Verify that your new Cove Shape Gutter type appears in the Type Selector. Roofs s 289 . 11. you attached gutters to a roof. 8. Note: Fascias have interior and exterior faces. Save the file as Unit7_gutters. Place gutters on the eaves of the garage roof as well. Segments will clean up at corners. 9. Select all the fascia top edges to place gutter segments. 10. In this exercise.7. If you click the interior face. You can use the double-arrow orientation control to flip gutter segments as necessary.rvt.

Science Wind pressure on roofs produces uplift forces that can destroy buildings. s What is the effect of roof pitch on uplift and how is this calculated? Technology Roofs must resist wind.Roofs . s What materials compose asphalt roofing shingles? s What materials are in roofing tiles? 290 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .STEM Connections Background Modern roofing uses a growing variety of shapes and materials to perform an age-old function. water. heat. and cold.

what length of roof overhang would be needed to protect a south-facing glass door on the ground floor from sunlight at 3:00 p.m.Engineering Roofs impart loads to the walls that support them. s Using your own house. Math Roof overhangs shelter the walls below them. on August 15? STEM Connections s 291 . s s What is a collar tie and why is it used? Name three common types of roof trusses.

the run is always 12. s Place gutters. Shed 4. When referring to roof slope. High d. False 292 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 . Gambrel d. True b. Hip c. s Place fascia. a. Gable b. A roof with a 6:12 slope is considered a ________ slope roof. True b. Low b. None of the above 3.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. False 2.Roofs . s Define a roof structure. a. What type of roof has one basic face with a slope? a. Medium c. a. Roofing materials provide the water-resistant covering for a roof system. General Questions 1. you learned to: s Create roofs with different styles.

False 5. Footprint b. Footprint b. To add a slope to a roofline. Cut/Lengthen c. False Summary/Questions s 293 . Face 3. ______ or _______. True b. Toggle Slope Defining is used to: a. Defines Slope c. Change the direction of the roof. you use: a. DEL d. Create Slope d. True b. Add Slope b. a. extrusion. Expand/Contract 6. Roof slopes can be applied either before or after a roof is created. d. a. Turn slopes on or off. True b. Roofs can be created using ______. a. TAB b. Change the direction of the slope. face b. Material 8. a. You can assign a name to a reference plane to make it easier to identify. A compound roof contains layers.Revit Architecture Questions 1. a. a. ENTER 4. A roof is created by ___________when the shape of the roof profile is sketched. Extrusion d. lines c. SHIFT c. and then extruded horizontally using a thickness. pick d. 10. Trim/Extend b. To chain-select all of the walls when creating a roof by footprint. place a check mark next to: a. Walls d. Sketch c. To trim or extend an extruded roof to other roofs or walls. sketch. Footprint. extrusion. Join/Unjoin Roofs d. Slope c. The roof _______is a 2D sketch of the perimeter of the roof. b. Activate Slope 9. profile. Footprint. c. Walls. a. Sketch. Create an opening. place your cursor over one of the walls and press the ____ key. profile 2. False 7.

294 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 7 .Roofs .

Complete Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation (Student) 11. you will be able to: s Create an elevation view. Complete Exercise: Change the Section Head (Student) 4. Evaluate Students (Evaluation) Introduction s 295 . s Create filled regions. Complete Exercise: Add Slope Annotations (Student) 10. s Create slope annotations. Complete Exercise: Create a Detail Section (Student) 5. Complete Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation (Student) 9. Complete Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation (Student) 8. s Create material annotations. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. Lesson Plan 1. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation.Sections and Elevations About This Unit After completing this Autodesk® Revit® Architecture unit. Complete Exercise: Create a New Section View (Student) 3. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 8 . Complete Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet (Student) 7. Complete Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section (Student) 6. s Create a section view. Review of Sections and Elevations (Discussion) 2.

Exterior elevations provide information about the exterior materials of a structure. bathrooms. floor. In a commercial structure. and special equipment. In a residential building. the kitchen. A building section cuts a vertical slice through a structure or a part of a structure. and special closets are usually documented with an interior elevation in order to display casements.Sections and Elevations . interior elevations may be used to show display cases. Elevations can be used to display an exterior or an interior. Sections are used to examine the roof. List the information provided by an exterior elevation. and tool racks. Elevations are derived from the floor plan. Interior elevations are less utilized than exterior elevations.About Sections and Elevations About This Lesson This lesson explains why to use sections and elevations in a set of building plans. Explain interior elevations and what they are used for. cabinetry. the location of special equipment. and wall conditions at that particular slice location. After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s s Describe building sections and why they are used. 296 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Sections are an important tool for inspecting structural conditions.

and their materials s Plate and/or wall heights s Floor elevations s Roof pitch About Sections and Elevations s 297 . Engineering. and Language Arts. This lesson relates to science. Technology. Math (STEM). view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Building Sections Building Section Information A building section is used to show the following types of information: s Type of foundation s Floor system s Exterior/Interior wall construction s Beam and column sizes. technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. and math standards.Key Terms baseboard beam building ceiling joist column coving detail eave elevation exterior floor truss footing flush flush overlay inset lip MDF molding pitch plate rafter rise run ridge sections sheathing slope soffit span stucco stepped footing topset window well wood siding Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. engineering.

Sections and Elevations . s The indicators for these sections are applied to the floor plan and elevation sheets. Drafting Building Sections Some general rules for drafting building sections are: s Each major structural material must be drawn and dimensioned. framing. they can be offset to show a particular feature of the building. and foundation plans. as well as weatherproofing and ventilation methods. Building sections commonly show insulation methods and values. and are properly cross-referenced. t Cross or transverse sections. on the long axis of the building. 298 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . across its narrower dimension. s Generally falls into two classifications: t Longitudinal. s Vertical transportation method (stairs).s Insulation requirements Purpose of Building Sections Building sections are used in a set of building plans for the purpose of showing the following information about the building: s Vertical relationships of the structural members called for on the floor. s Methods of construction for the framing crew. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. s Section lines need not be entirely straight.

Wall sections allow the structural components and callouts to be clearly drawn and usually make larger-scale details. About Sections and Elevations s 299 . partial. full.Section Types There are four basic types of sections: wall. unnecessary. and steel. such as framing connections and foundation details.

Sections and Elevations .Full sections show the entire width of a building and detail the various components used in construction. 300 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Partial sections are used to show a specific condition in a small localized area. About Sections and Elevations s 301 .

View Scale Exterior elevations are usually scaled at the same scale as the floor plan. The section is used to establish column and beam heights as well as detail welds.Steel sections are used in buildings built mainly with steel members. s Structural members inside walls (using hidden lines).Sections and Elevations . s The position relationship between different elements. it is acceptable to decrease the scale. s Door and window bubbles/labels for schedules. s Horizontal and vertical dimensions not shown on other views. 302 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . For larger elevations. such as doors and windows. Exterior Elevations Exterior elevations provide the following useful information: s Exterior materials used.

the surface covering and underlayment is notated. Interior Orientations In exterior elevations. the titles assigned (North. Interior Elevations Interior elevation views depict detailed views of interior walls and show how the features of that wall should be built. About Sections and Elevations s 303 . and West) are based on the direction the structure faces. South. You do not need to dimension windows and doors because that information will be contained in the window and door schedule. Therefore. For siding. With interior elevations. Do not dimension anything on the exterior elevation that has been dimensioned elsewhere. people. and then the name of the material. the interior wall you are looking at will be labeled North Lobby Elevation. For a wood structure. The size of the object is listed first. bushes. the title is based on the direction the viewer is looking. most exterior elevations show primarily vertical dimensions. and flowers do not belong in an exterior elevation. followed by any additional information about spacing. You may. The materials used on the exterior of a building are an important part of sustainable design. this is reversed. Most manufacturers of building materials provide instructions on how to install so the material does not allow water to leak into the building. Carefully consider building materials that are appropriate for the conditions of the building site.Exterior Materials Elevations are also used to specify the exterior materials used on the building. Unnecessary Information Shades. or methods of installation. quantity. East. refers to the manufacturer of the siding or exterior materials. however. cars. reference doors or windows to a schedule on an exterior elevation using tags. Most horizontal dimensions are shown in the floor plans. Kitchens and bathrooms are examples of rooms that might be shown in an interior elevation." Mfr. shadows. and so forth. it is perfectly acceptable to use the phrase "Install per Mfr. if you are standing in an office lobby facing north. For example.

casements. Door and drawer edges almost touch each other. Flush: This cabinet type is also called inset. It is curved so it overlays the floor and a small part of the wall. flush overlay. The doors and drawers are made larger than normal to almost cover the entire cabinet frame. Cabinet elevations show cabinet lengths and heights. finished floor-to-ceiling heights. windows. The wood is placed vertically against the wall. tile. Most floor plans are scaled at 1/4" = 1' 0". and special equipment such as toilets. distance between base cabinets and wall cabinets. Wall and ceiling intersections may use moulding. other openings. Coving is a method where the floor material is curved upward against the wall. Molding is usually made of plaster. Flush Overlay: The doors/drawers lay on top of the frame. Intersection of Wall and Floor/Ceilings Interior elevations can also describe the treatment of wall and floor joins. Molding is commonly used at the top and bottom of walls where it intersects with the floor or ceiling. Lip: This cabinet type has one door slightly overlaying its opposing door. You should specify the type of cabinets to be installed. and lip. Other acceptable scales are 3/8" = 1' 0" or 1/8" = 1' 0". or a baseboard. and other appliances.View Scale Most interior elevations are scaled at 1/2" = 1' 0".Sections and Elevations . wood. The trim is usually glued into place. and types of finish materials used. Casements and Cabinets The primary purpose of interior elevations is to describe cabinet work. 304 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . This trim is usually applied to linoleum tile so that the edges do not crack or break. There are three main types of cabinet doors: flush. chamfers. coving. Interior wall elevations show wall lengths. Molding is normally decorative in nature. The frame has a square edge (no bead) and the door/ drawer is set into the cabinet frame opening. It may have curves. and materials used. Topset is commonly rubber or vinyl. doors and direction of door swings. dishwashers. The thickness of the wood conceals any gaps between the floor material (usually carpet. It can also be used around doorways and windows. This is more costly than regular overlay. or decorative patterns. The baseboard may be painted or stained to protect the wood. Hinges are concealed. which is a formed pressboard. shelf arrangements. or linoleum) and the wall. This is usually done using a topset. doors. A baseboard is usually a strip of wood. or MDF.

Exterior Elevations Autodesk Revit Architecture software includes default exterior elevation views with project templates. Detail views hold annotations and other drafted or sketched information. s Change the section head. Interior Elevation Views You can create interior elevation views in the design by placing an interior elevation symbol in a room. Revit will automatically update your elevation views if you make any changes to the floor plan. s Add slope annotations. s Create an interior elevation. This automatically creates the section view in the model. This automatically creates a detail view of the area inside the callout that you can then add to a sheet. you will be able to: s Create a new section view.Sections and Elevations About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Callouts and Detail Sections You can create large-scale views of plans and sections by placing a callout. and a section symbol on all plans. s Place a section view on a sheet. s Create and add notes to a detail section. You can also create a construction grid with identification tags on the drawing and have the tags display in the model. This automatically creates the elevation views of the room. Key Terms annotation boundary detail elevation exterior filled region interior note section sheet slope view Sections and Elevations s 305 . Section Views You can create section views in the design by placing a section line. which you can then add to a sheet. Opening an elevation view is as easy as selecting the elevation name in the Project Browser. s Create and add notes to an exterior elevation. Construction grids display in interior elevation views to provide a point of reference for these drawings.

and Language Arts. engineering. Section Views Section Command Section View The Section command enables you to define a section view through your design. 306 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . but it cuts the model to show structure rather than surfaces. Math (STEM). Engineering.Sections and Elevations . Once created. technology. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. The section has an associated crop region that sets its depth of view. Technology. To review the list of standards for each lesson. The section line has a section head on one end with the view name and view direction arrow. the section view updates as the design changes or if the section line is modified. This lesson relates to science. and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. A section is a horizontal view. like an elevation. You define the section by sketching a section line in a plan view through the building (or family) where you want the section to cut the model.

if you resize the crop region of the section view so that it no longer intersects a plan view plane. The section displays in elevation if the section line intersects the elevation clip plane. provided its crop region intersects the view. or other section view. For example.Section Symbol Visibility The section symbol is visible in a plan. Section symbols can display in elevation views even if the elevation crop boundary is turned off. the section symbol does not display in that plan view. elevation. Sections and Elevations s 307 . select the arrowhead of an elevation symbol in a plan view. To view and modify the position of the elevation clip plane. and the clip plane displays with drag controls on it.

it includes a crop region to resize the view. When you create a section view.Sections and Elevations . the section does not display in the elevation view.If you resize the clip plane so that it no longer intersects the section line. 308 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . you can more closely control what displays in the section view. By resizing the crop region. Controlling View Depth The Section command can control the view depth of the section.

The slope is the ratio rise:run. Slope values can also be displayed as fractions: 2/12. In the example shown. the slope of this roof is 2:12.Reference Bubbles The Section command also allows either a one-to-one relationship between a section bubble and a section view. Once you create the detail section. This provides a navigation system so readers can move from view to view to find the information they need. In a set of construction documents. Slope is also referred to as pitch. pages with large-scale views show indicators called callouts that list the close-up views. So. s Add detail notes. s Add breaklines as needed. The run always has a value of 12 when using imperial units. tracing over the existing elements. the rise has a value of 2 and the run has a value of 12. Common slopes are: Sections and Elevations s 309 . Detail Sections Details are close-up views of the building model. in which the designer adds specific information and instructions. s Add structural details. s Turn off Visibility of Model elements as needed. which is spoken as 2 in 12. Details are crucial for effective construction. or multiple reference section bubbles that point to one section view. Many companies build up libraries of standard details for use on more than one project. you can drag and drop it onto any sheet. Roof Slope Exterior elevations should include slope indicators for roofs. and a number and vertical line to indicate the rise. You can also save your detail sections for use in more than one project. Detail sections are easy to create in Revit Architecture once you understand the following process: s Create a new section of the area you intend to detail with the Callout tool. A standard indicator consists of a number and horizontal line to indicate the run. such as anchor bolts and siding. s Create Filled Regions to represent the different structural elements or materials. The number indicates the value of the rise and run.

s s s s s s s s s 1-1/2:12 3:12 5:12 6:12 8:12 9:12 12:12 18:12 24:12 When designing a roof. try to specify standard roof pitch.Sections and Elevations . 310 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The minimum pitch to use when designing shingle-covered roofs in climates with snow is 3:12.

Create panel. select a view scale of 1/8" = 1'-0". Place the pointer at the left of the staircase. Move the cursor horizontally and place the section line end to the right of the exterior wall.Exercise: Create a New Section View In this exercise. 4.rvt. you create a section view and modify the properties of the section line and section view. 2. The section symbol is composed of different components: 5. 3. The Section command is available from the View tab. In the Scale list on the Options Bar. Create a Section View 1. Open the view Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR. Open the file ADA_Sections. The file opens to a 3D view. The completed exercise 6. click Section. Sections and Elevations s 311 . On the View tab.

s Crop Region Visible hides or displays the crop boundary. This is the green dotted line parallel to the section line. s Far Clipping shows options for display at the clip plane.s s s s s s s The section bubble contains the information regarding which sheet to view the section on. The dotted green rectangle indicates the depth of the section cut. The section tail indicates the end of the section cut. Select the control on the middle of the far clip plane. the Properties palette holds several options for controlling the extents of the view: s Crop View activates or de-activates the crop. s Annotation Crop activates or de-activates a secondary boundary to control annotation display. 2. On the Properties palette. With the section line selected. Section Properties 1.Sections and Elevations . The blue flip arrows that display when the section is selected enable you to flip the direction of the section cut. You can enter a value in this field or use the grips on the crop region to modify the depth. Drag the far clip plane to the middle of the building. This is called the crop region. The section arrowhead indicates the direction in which the section is facing. Notice the value for Far Clip Offset. 312 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . The mark in the center of the section line enables you to put an adjustable break in the section line. s Far Clip Offset allows for specific placement of the far clip boundary. The controls next to the head and tail enable you to cycle through head and tail symbols. The actual location is not critical. the value for Far Clip Offset has been updated. and it has control grips to resize it. 3.

Double-click Section 1 to activate the Section view. Save the file as Unit8_section1. The section view updates.4. Sections and Elevations s 313 . 8. 6. In the Properties palette. Note that it is difficult to see the stairs on the left because there are doors located behind them. Note that the stairs are now easier to see. The Section view is still editable (the border is blue).rvt. The view is listed in your Project Browser. Clear Crop Region Visible. 7. In this exercise. When you drew the section line. The rectangle that appeared around the view is no longer visible. 5. you automatically created a section view. you created a section view and modified the properties of the section line and section view. change Far Clip Offset to 10.

you create a new section head style and apply it to an existing section line. 3. 314 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Several section head families are available. The view does not change. click Load Family. click Additional Settings > Section Tags.rfa. 6. Load from Library panel. Click OK. Open or continue working in Unit8_section_1. For Name. Select Section Head-Open. 4. click Duplicate. On the Manage tab. and Section Head . Open the folder Imperial Library/Annotations. Switch to Floor Plans: GROUND FLOOR view.Sections and Elevations . enter Open Arrow. Settings panel. 2. On the Insert tab. In this exercise.1 point Filled. 5. 7.Exercise: Change the Section Head Revit Architecture provides a selection of annotation symbol styles. The completed exercise Change the Section Head 1. They include Section Head .No Arrow. Click Open to load the family. Section Head . In the Type Properties dialog box.rvt.Filled.

On the Properties palette. Sections and Elevations s 315 . In the Section Tag field. you created a new section head style and applied it to an existing section line. Select the section line. click Edit Type. Click OK. The section head updates to the new head type. Save as Unit8_section_open. 11. For Section Head. 14. 10.8. In this exercise.rvt. 13. No values display in the bubble because the section has not been assigned to a sheet.Open. 9. Click OK. Click Duplicate. For Name. enter Open Arrow. select Section Head . select Open Arrow. 12. Click OK twice to exit the dialog box.

Use the image below for guidance. Create a callout around the left side of the foundation sill by dragging a rectangle around it. 4.Sections and Elevations . you create a detail section view using the following tools: s Callout s Filled Region s Detail Lines s Detail Component s Insulation This is a long exercise. 6. 5. This is a building section. set the Scale to 1 1/2" = 1'-0". Open the view Sections (Section 1) > Section 1.rvt. Plan your breaks and save your work accordingly. Select the callout head drag handle and move the head to the bottom left side of the view as shown. it extends from one exterior wall across to the other side of the building. To reposition the callout head. The completed exercise Create a Detail Section 1. Create panel. On the View tab. The callout view highlights and displays drag handles. click Callout. On the Options Bar. Open file ADA_Detail_Section. 3. 316 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Exercise: Create a Detail Section In this exercise. select the border of the callout. 2.

rvt. You create a filled region representing the sloped grade outside the foundation wall. On the Annotate tab. 8. You can add detail lines. Detail the View Detail components are view specific. click Region > Filled Region. as shown. 2. region patterns. Save the file again as needed so you can return to it. change the View Name to Detail at Foundation Sill.7. and insulation objects to a view that will be visible only in that view. select Chain. 4. but not strongly. On the Draw panel. Double-click Sections (Callout 1): Detail at Foundation Sill to open the callout view. Trace over the lower left corner of the view. Change the Visual Style to Hidden Line. On the Options Bar. 1. On the Properties palette. Detail panel. Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail. You will probably need to Zoom (in and out) and Pan (back and forth) to draw the four lines correctly. 3. Line is selected automatically. detail components. Sections and Elevations s 317 . Revit Architecture snaps to endpoints and corners.

Use the Line Style Selector to change them to Wide Lines. 6. Click Duplicate to create a new Fill Pattern type. Hold down the CTRL key to select more than one item. Click Modify. You could also use the Subcategory field on the Properties palette. On the Properties palette.Sections and Elevations . click Edit Type to access the Type Properties. For Name.5. Click OK. 7. enter Earth. Select the upper and right side lines. 318 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

Open the folder Imperial Library/Detail Components/Div 06-Wood and Plastic/06100Rough Carpentry/06110-Wood Framing. If you zoom in closer. the pattern becomes visible. On the Place Detail Component tab. Detail panel. Add Detail Components Detail components are 2D family objects. Depending on your zoom settings and the selected fill pattern. On the Mode panel. select Finish (green check). Sections and Elevations s 319 . Select Nominal Cut Lumber .8. select Drafting Pattern Type EARTH as shown below. Detail panel.Section. which are visible only in the view where they are placed. Click OK twice to exit the dialog boxes. the filled region may appear as solid fill. 2. On the Annotate tab. 3. Click OK. 1. click Load Family.rfa. Click Open. From the Fill Pattern list. 9. click Component > Detail Component.

Sections and Elevations . From the Type Selector. Click OK. Place the 2 x 10 Lumber as shown. select Nominal Cut Lumber Section : 2 x 10.4. 5. CTRL+select 2x4 and 2x10. You can select the lumber section after it is placed initially. 320 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Use Move and/or Rotate to place it precisely into position. Press SPACEBAR once to rotate the component 90 degrees. In the Specify Types dialog box.

add a second copy of the 2 x 10. 7. select Plywood. From the Type Selector list. 8. Place the 2 x 4 component as shown. You can use the arrow keys to nudge selected objects a small distance.6. Add another Detail Component. Press SPACEBAR as necessary to orient the component vertical. select Nominal Cut LumberSection: 2 x 4. Move it after placement if necessary. Sections and Elevations s 321 . Using the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector.

set the Thickness to 3/4". Place the component similarly to the image below. Select the vertical plywood. On the Properties palette. Click Component > Detail Component. 11. Add another plywood component to the exterior face of the wall. 12. 322 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . You may need to realign the plywood with the wall face. The exact vertical placement is not critical. This component represents the subflooring. From the Type Selector. Click Modify.Sections and Elevations . 10.9. Use the image below for guidance. at the midpoint of the horizontal 2 x 10. Place the Plywood component above the last 2 x 10 added to the model. select anchor bolt.

Use the image below for guidance. From the Type Selector. Select the siding component and move it down vertically 3/4" so it extends past the plywood to make a drip edge. Add another Detail Component. 14.13. Sections and Elevations s 323 . select Lap Siding. select Multiple. On the Modify panel of the context tab. Click Modify. Place the siding against the plywood on the exterior face of the wall. On the Options Bar. select Copy.

2. Add Detail Lines 1. From the Line Style Selector.15. select Wide Lines. Sketch detail lines to enclose the end of the lap siding. 324 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. 16. Start at the end of the siding. Copy the siding 8" up (90 degrees) three times to indicate that the siding continues up the wall. click Detail Line. Save the file. Use Zoom In Region to the area indicated.

3. Still using Wide Lines. Sections and Elevations s 325 . Draw the next line horizontally 3/4" to intersect with the wall. Draw the line up 3/4" to meet the plywood. Zoom out. click the Rectangle tool on the Draw panel. Sketch the baseboard as shown: 3/4" wide x 3 1/2" high. 4. The completed detail should resemble the illustration shown. 5.

The wall display updates. Click the button next to Pattern in Cut Pattern area. Select Gypsum-Plaster from the list. Add Insulation 1. 326 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. Detail panel. On the Annotate tab. 2. Click OK three times to exit all dialog boxes. Accept the default Width of 0'-3" from the Options Bar. click Insulation. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. Save the file. you show the gypsum board in the wall.6.Sections and Elevations . identified as Wall material 1. Start at the midpoint of the 2 x 4 component and sketch the insulation up to the edge of the section. In the Edit Assembly dialog box. Right-click. Select the wall so it highlights. Click Edit in the Structure field. Click Modify. 8. Click the icon that displays to open the Material dialog box. Next. 7. select the Material field in row 3. 9.

From the Type Selector.2. click Component > Detail Component. Place the breakline near the middle of the wall section as shown. Detail panel. 3. Sections and Elevations s 327 . Your view should resemble the image shown. On the Annotate tab. The component snaps to the middle of the wall. 1. Add Breaklines The breakline detail component is composed of model lines and an adjustable filled region on one side. select Break Line.

add breaklines at the bottom and left sides. Press SPACEBAR three times to rotate the Detail Component so the masking element is on the right. The Detail Component tool is still active. Drag the right side control dot to the left so that it reaches the masking region for the breakline you just adjusted. The temporary dimensions will give the visual clues you need to determine which way it is facing. You place another breakline. Breaklines are placed in details wherever a material extends past the extents of the detail view. Select the edge of the view (the crop region).4. Save the file. Place the breakline as shown. Click Modify to terminate the Detail Component tool. 7. and detail components to it. In this exercise. 328 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .Sections and Elevations . 6. detail lines. To complete the detail. 5. you created a detail section view and added filled regions. The view should resemble the image shown. Click Zoom to Fit.

For example: s 1" x 8" redwood siding over 15# felt s Cement plaster over concrete block Add Notes In this exercise. 2. Simple techniques carried throughout a building can greatly reduce energy consumption. The file opens to Detail at Foundation Sill.rvt. With nothing selected in the view. The completed exercise Sections and Elevations s 329 .Exercise: Add Notes to a Detail Section Notes on sections and elevations follow rules established by the American Institute of Architects (AIA). the Properties palette displays View Properties: s Clear Crop Region Visible. 3. weatherproofing. s Clear Annotation Crop. The border around the view will disappear. you use the Text tool on the Annotate tab. quantity. and ventilation methods in construction documents. or methods of installation. 1. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail. Details illustrate and specify insulation methods and values. The size of the object is listed first. To add notes. you add notes to the detail section you created in a previous exercise. and then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing.

Enter 5 MIL VAPOR RETARDER. On the Annotate tab. Text panel. 330 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .4. click Text.4" WEATHERING. Finally. On the Format panel. R13. Start the next text in the gap between the insulation and the interior wall. 6. 5. leader arrow as shown. Enter RED CEDAR LAP SIDING . As you pull your cursor to the right. click Two Segments. Start the next text at the vertical plywood board. 7. insulation. Architectural standards favor aligned notation. Move the pointer up 11. Click off the leader to terminate the text entry. From the Type list.Sections and Elevations . 8. select Text: 3/32" Architectural Text. you activate alignment lines to help create your next leader in line with the first one. move the cursor to the right and click to Enter 3 1/2" FIBERGLASS BATT INSULATION place the text box. 12. Enter 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD Click the lap siding to set the location of the SHEATHING. 9. Start the next text at the center area of the and to the right to set the location of the elbow. 10.

Note: PT signifies Pressure Treated. Enter 5/8" GWB . Start the next text at the baseboard. Sections and Elevations s 331 . Start the next text at the anchor bolt. Enter 1 X 4 PAINT GRADE BASEBOARD. is an acronym for On Center.. 17. You can use the grips to rearrange your notes so that they are neater and closer together. Keep text notes from covering the lines of the graphics. Click off the text to finish the entry.C.C. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 horizontal lumber below the floorboard. Click ENTER to start a second line of text. . Enter 1" T&G PLYWOOD DECK.C. CONT is short for Continuous. Enter 3/8" X 8" GALV ANCHOR BOLT @ 30" O. 18. 16. Note: T&G signifies tongue and groove. or wood treated with preservative against rot. Enter 2 x 10 PT WD SILL PLATE CONT. 15. and an X rating means a level of fire resistance.13.C. 14. Enter 2 X 4 WOOD STUDS @ 16" O. Start the next text at the 2 X 10 vertical lumber below the floorboard.. 20. Start the next text at the 2 X 4 lumber. Enter 2 x 10 WD JOISTS @ 16" O. Enter 2 X 10 WD RIM JOIST. Start the next text at the interior wall. Start the next text at the floorboard. O.TYPE X. 19. Note: GWB is an acronym for Gypsum Wall Board. as the second line of text.

Save the file as Unit8_foundation_detail_complete. 22. 21. In this exercise. 23. Galvanizing is a zinc-based coating applied to steel to protect it from rust and corrosion.rvt. Enter 8" CONC FOUNDATION WALL . Click Modify. you used the Text tool to place a series of detail notes. Note: CONC signifies concrete. 332 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click ENTER to start a second line. Start the next text at the anchor bolt below the floorboard..Note: GALV signifies galvanized. Enter SEE STRUCTURAL DWGS FOR DETAILS. Click Zoom to Fit.Sections and Elevations .

Exercise: Place a Section View on a Sheet Once you have created your detail. 3. 6. and locate the detail view on it. You can use a combination of the grip controls and the Move command. you create a new sheet with your custom title block. Sections and Elevations s 333 . 5. In this exercise. you will want to add the views to a sheet. section. 2. Click OK to exit the dialog box. In the Select a Titleblock dialog box. In the Project Browser. Locate the A-Landscape. The new sheet becomes the current view. Right-click. 4. or elevation view. Highlight your title block. Adjust breaklines at the bottom and left sides to display closer to the foundation wall as shown.rvt. click Load. highlight Sheets. The completed exercise Add a New Sheet 1.rfa title block you created in Unit 3. Click New Sheet. This file is also available in the courseware datasets. Click Open. Open the view Detail at Foundation Sill. Open or continue working in Unit8_foundation_detail_complete.

Select a Level Line.Sections and Elevations . Double-click the new sheet in the Project Browser to open that view. Drag and drop the view onto the sheet. select view Detail at Foundation. On the View Control Bar. Drag the left and bottom sides of the view crop close to the wall-floor join as shown. 9. 8. click Hide Crop Region. close to the crop border. In the Project Browser. Click the control at its left end. click Show Crop Region. Both Level ends will move together. On the View Control Bar.7. You are making the section view more compact so it fits easily on the new sheet. Drag it to the right. 334 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 .

In the Project Browser.rvt. Click Rename. For Name. Click OK. highlight the new sheet. s Added your detail section view to the sheet. Zoom into the title block and update the values as needed.10. For Number. enter Detail at Foundation Sill. 12. s Modified the label values in the title block.301. s Adjusted the properties and layout of the detail view. Sections and Elevations s 335 . 11. Save as Unit8_foundation_detail_sheet. enter S. you: s Created a new sheet. In this exercise. Right-click. Click Zoom to Fit. 13.

Open Floor Plans > Ground Floor. s Add slope indication for roof.Sections and Elevations . and west. s Add any necessary dimensions. s Create filled regions for exterior elements as needed.rvt located in the courseware datasets folder. south. You can now see the region defined by the west elevation marker. four elevation views are included: north. Open ADA_Elevations. 5. Enter VG to bring up the Visibility/Graphics dialog box. The steps to create an exterior elevation are: s Set the display for your elevation to Hidden Line. Select Elevations. Click OK. 3. 2. Select the point of the west elevation marker (the one located to the left of the building with the arrowhead pointing east). 336 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . east. 4. Click Zoom to Fit. 2. The elevation markers are now visible. The completed exercise Create an Exterior Elevation 1. s Set the display for building components as needed. It is defined by the green dotted line. 6. Right-click.Exercise: Create an Exterior Elevation Elevation views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture. s Add material notes. Turn On Elevation Markers 1. When you create a project with a template. Click the Annotations tab.

Double-click the west elevation arrowhead to activate the west elevation view. On the Annotations tab. Sections and Elevations s 337 . Switch to an Elevation View 1. clear Sections. On the View Control Bar.2. Enter VG to open the Visibility/Graphics dialog box for this view. 5. Click OK to exit the dialog box. 4. 3. adjust the display so you can use this view on a sheet. click Visual Style > Hidden Line. clear Planting. Enable the visibility of Levels 6. On the Modelling tab. Next.

Save the file as Unit8_elevation. Click OK to exit all dialog boxes. click Edit Type. Select the Material field for Layer 1. 11. In Surface Pattern. and modified the wall display characteristics. In the Type Properties dialog box. select Edit in the Structure field. Both visible instances of the stucco wall update their display to show a pattern.Exterior Stucco. Click Zoom to Fit. 13. It will be identified as Condo . Select the wall. In this exercise. 12. 338 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. click to open the list. On the Properties palette. 9. 8.7. Hover your cursor over one of the walls with no surface pattern. modified its display.rvt. Click the button that displays to select a material.Sections and Elevations . you activated an elevation view. Select Sand.

5. 4. set the Type to Text: 1/4" text. The completed exercise Add Text Notes 1. Add a note for the stone wall. 2. Hover the cursor over the foundation wall region. Material notes should follow the same rules as notes on other views. or methods of installation. In the Type Selector. then the name of the material and any additional information about spacing. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation. Enter TX.rvt. quantity. you add text notes to your exterior elevation using the Text tool. 3. Add a note for the foundation. The size of the object is listed first. Set the Leader type to One Segment. If you pause the cursor over each element you need to identify. Sections and Elevations s 339 .Exercise: Add Text Notes to an Exterior Elevation In this exercise. you can use the description indicated in the status bar and tooltip to assist you in writing your material note.

7.Sections and Elevations . 8. you added text notes to your exterior elevation.6.rvt. In this exercise. Add a note for the roof. Save the file as Unit8_elevation_annotated. 340 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Add a note for the brick wall. Add a note for the exterior stucco. 9.

4. click Spot Slope. 2. 6. Place the cursor over the roof line as shown. 3. On the Annotate tab. from the Slope Representation list. Sections and Elevations s 341 . Dimension panel. For Offset from Reference. The completed exercise Add Slope Annotations You apply slope notes and dimensions to an exterior elevation.rvt. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_annotated. you add slope indicators to an elevation view to specify roof pitch.Exercise: Add Slope Annotations In this exercise. You can drag points on the slope indicator using the handles. enter 1/8". On the Options Bar. 5. Click again to locate the slope indicator. 1. Use Zoom In Region to zoom into the upper left of the roof. Click to select the roof line. select Triangle.

11. Click to select the roof line. Click to locate the slope indicator. 10. Place the cursor over the roof line to the right as shown. 342 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Drag the left side to the right so both slope indicators are clearly readable. Dimension panel. click Aligned. 9.7. Click Modify. Place slope indicators on the remaining roofs 8. Set the Place Dimensions option to Wall faces.Sections and Elevations . On the Annotate tab. Use the flip arrows if you have put it on the wrong side of the roof line.

To create a continuous dimension as shown. In this exercise. slope indicators. you created slope indicators and added vertical dimensions.12. It is important that notes in sections and elevations do not cover the graphics. The west elevation now contains material notes. and vertical dimensions. Save as Unit8_elevation_complete. select wall breaks and levels. Sections and Elevations s 343 .rvt. and dimensions for clarity. leaders. Click to the left of the building to place the dimension. Arrange notes. 14. 13.

Click Open View. Most interior elevations are for bathrooms. Open or continue working in Unit8_elevation_complete. dimensions. special closets. In the Project Browser.Sections and Elevations . The completed exercise Create an Interior Elevation 1.Exercise: Create an Interior Elevation Interior elevations show surface materials. 2. This view was already defined in the drawing. kitchens. you create an interior elevation of a bathroom. A dialog box displays listing the Floor Plan: 2nd Floor as the referring view. equipment rooms. locate the Elevations > Interior Bathroom Elevation view. Highlight the view. or special features that may not show clearly in plans. 3. 344 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Click Find Referring Views. Right-click. In this exercise.rvt. and cabinetry.

This is the elevation marker that defines the Interior Bathroom Elevation. You can see the crop region and boundaries of the elevation indicated by the green dashed line. s s s s Click Duplicate. An elevation marker is visible in one of the bathrooms. Right-click. In the Name box. 7. Clear Use Project Settings. Select Suppress 0 Feet. click OK. Click Element Properties > Type Properties. The arrowhead of the elevation marker is active. Set the Rounding to To the Nearest 1/4". 5. Dimension panel. 6. Click OK two times to clear the dialog boxes. click Aligned. On the Annotate tab.4. Click Go to Elevation View to open the Interior Elevation view. Click the value field for Units Format 8. Sections and Elevations s 345 .

You modified a dimension style. Save as Unit8_elevation_interior.9. Using the Text and Dimension tools. you navigated between the elevation marker and the elevation view.rvt.Sections and Elevations . detail the interior section. In this exercise. Use 3/32" text with two segment leaders. 346 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . 10. and added dimensions and text to the interior elevation.

s Create a section view. Show the relationships between elements. s Create material annotations. True b. The orientation of the exterior elevation. c. you learned to: s Create an elevation view. c. All of the above. s Place a section or elevation view on a sheet. b. Describe the exterior materials found on the structure. a. it depends. Not in Concrete b. Nothing Inside Cabinets Summary/Questions s 347 . d. Indicate the location of doors and windows. Cabinetry d. Interior elevations are usually used to detail: a. The direction the structure is facing. such as north. s Modify the boundaries of a section or elevation. s Navigate between elevation markers and elevation views. Not in Contract c. s Create filled regions. All of the above 5. The abbreviation NIC signifies: a. False 3. Bathrooms and kitchens b. is always the true orientation. 2. The main purpose of an exterior elevation is to: a. 4. The title of an exterior elevation refers to: a. s Create slope annotations. The direction the viewer is facing. b. Either one.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. General Questions 1. Nobody in Charge d. Walls c.

4. True b. but not a 6. you use: a. East b. On the View tab. The height of the view. d. a. The elevation marker shown is located to the left and outside of the floor plan of a structure. b. c. The detail level of the view. True b. Filled regions with hatch patterns d. The dotted line indicates: a.Sections and Elevations . False 5. All of the above 348 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 8 . Right-click. b. The Visual Style of the view. b and c.Revit Architecture Questions 1. d. North 3. West c. Drag and drop the view from the Project Browser. Click Add View. c. False 2. Sun and Shadow b. Which elevation is it? a. Element properties c. You should indicate roof slopes in exterior elevations. South d. To indicate finish materials on exterior elevations. Highlight the sheet in the Project Browser. a. The boundaries of the view. To add an elevation or section view to a sheet: a. click Sheet Composition > View. Elevation Views are part of the default template in Revit Architecture.

s Reformat a schedule. s Export a schedule.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 9 . 6. (Student) Complete Exercise: Export a Schedule. you will be able to: s Create a schedule. 3. 2. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Room Schedule. (Student) Evaluate Students. 4. 5. s Load a schedule tag. (Student) Complete Exercise: Add Room Tags. (Evaluation) Introduction s 349 .Schedules About This Unit After completing this Autodesk Revit Architecture unit. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Create a Window Schedule. Lesson Plan 1. Review Schedules.

After completing this lesson. you will be able to: s s Describe the different types of schedule tables and why they are used.Schedules . 350 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .About Schedules About This Lesson This lesson explains the different types of schedule tags and tables that are used on the construction documents of a building plan. Explain why schedule tags are used in a set of construction documents. The following image shows a floor plan with door tags that reference the doors listed on the door schedule.

engineering. The following image is an example of a schedule that displays information about the rooms in a residential building project. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. but are not limited to: s Doors s Windows s Rooms s Structural members s Cabinets s Lights s Plumbing fixtures Schedule tables are used in a set of building plans to display information. width. About Schedules s 351 .column format heading instance label schedule tag schedule table symbol Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. and thickness. Math (STEM). and math standards. height. about the building objects in your architectural plan. Technology. and Language Arts. technology. Some of these building objects include. such as reference number. Engineering. To review the list of standards for each lesson. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. This lesson relates to science. Schedule Tables A schedule table is a list or table of information that defines specific building objects in your architectural plan.

Types of Schedules Schedules are typically presented in tabulated form. and Matrix (or Dot) schedules. s Type (or Quantity) schedules list the quantity of each object type used in the plan. so you can reduce waste and specify energy-efficient items. depending on the style of the architectural firm. 352 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . the same primary information is included. some firms prefer to keep all of the schedules on a separate sheet. Placement of Schedules Whenever possible. While the tabulated schedules in offices may vary in layout.Schedules . However.Schedules help you keep accurate track of quantities and types of materials and individual components. each listing information in a different way: Type (or Quantity). Instance. The schedules are used for ordering materials and keeping track of inventory. the door and window schedules should be on the floor plan sheet with the door and windows being listed. There are different types of schedule tables.

s Matrix (or Dot) schedules have a column heading for each of any specified object property.s Instance schedules list each instance or occurrence of an object in a building plan. A marker is displayed in the schedule table cell to indicate that the listed quantity or instance of the object has the property identified. About Schedules s 353 .

the symbols for lighting and plumbing fixtures have been standardized by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) and the Uniform Building Code (UBC).Schedule Tags Schedule tags are used throughout a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. and A for appliances. E for electrical. However. Students should become familiar with these basic symbols. many users use custom tags with shapes and designators to label their doors and windows. Use of Symbols in Schedules Symbol designations for doors and windows can vary. A circle. Like schedules. and room tags in the floor plan of a residential building project. The following image shows door. window. Other letters are P for plumbing. Using the software. or square may be used as the bubble to label a door or window. To clarify the reading of the floor plan. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. the letter D at the top of a door symbol and the letter W at the top of the window symbol are often used. hexagon.Schedules . these tags can be placed automatically or manually. 354 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .

hardware. This lesson relates to science. Schedules in Revit Architecture Architectural schedules are used for collecting and reporting information about components in a building project.Schedules About This Lesson After completing this lesson. Key Terms parameter properties schedule tag Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. equipment. Project templates include preset schedules. Schedule information in Autodesk® Revit® Architecture software is drawn from the properties and parameters of the building model objects themselves and displayed in tags that are attached to the building components. s Create a room schedule. you will be able to: s Create a window schedule. rooms. engineering. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. s Add room tags. technology. Schedules s 355 . materials. windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. Engineering. drawing sheets—anything that can be put in a list. and you can create your own schedules. Schedules list items such as doors. Revit has several tag families preloaded into project templates with other tag families available as needed. and Language Arts. Technology. s Export a schedule. Math (STEM). and math standards. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document.

Open ADA_Window_Schedules. You sort the schedule by two of the parameters. This area of the floor plan shows three types of tags: s Door Tag The completed exercise Create a Window Schedule 1.rvt. s Room Tag 356 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Zoom into the lower left of the building as shown.Exercise: Create a Window Schedule In this exercise. 2. you create a window schedule in an existing project using an existing window schedule family.Schedules . you change the schedule format to a Type schedule. and you set the schedule to display totals. The file opens to the view Floor Plan: flr 3.

Add Count. Type Mark. 7. Accept the options and click OK to begin defining the schedule properties. Click Add. and Width. 6. Height. Continue to add fields to the schedule. In the Category list of the New Schedule dialog box. Select Windows from the list. The Fields tab organizes the fields of data into columns in the schedule. 4. In Available Fields. Schedules s 357 . a list of all the component categories for creating schedules is displayed. On the View tab. The field moves to the Scheduled Fields column on the right. 3. select Comments. Level. You set up and change schedules in the Schedule Properties dialog box. click Create panel > Schedules > Schedule/Quantities.s Window Tag 5. Revit Architecture names the new schedule Window Schedule by default and makes it a building component schedule.

358 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .8. 9. Click OK to finish the schedule. Use Move Up or Move Down to arrange them in the order you want them displayed in the schedule.Schedules . Select the fields. A view opens with the schedule you just defined. Move the fields so they display in the order shown. from left to right. The Window Schedule is now listed under Schedules/Quantities in the Project Browser.

Click OK to exit Schedule Properties.Group and Sort Schedules This schedule is a list of all the windows in the building. Revit reads and reports the window properties according to the parameters you selected. On the Properties palette for the schedule view. click Edit for Sorting and Grouping. Schedules s 359 . 3. 1. Select Blank Line. 2. From the Sort By list. Note how the schedule is now sorted by Type Mark. select Type Mark. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Sorting/Grouping tab. but without any useful calculations yet.

in this case). 3. In order to calculate the total number of windows. The Properties palette shows the properties for the selected view (the same as the view in the drawing window. you change the instance schedule to a type schedule. click the schedule name. On the Properties palette. 1. The schedule still does not show totals by window type. Notice how the schedule has changed.Schedules . In the Project Browser. for Sorting/ Grouping. Click OK to exit Schedule Properties. 2. you can have the schedule report this. select Level. 4. 360 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . In the lower left corner of the dialog box. To see how many windows of each type appear on each floor (useful information for installers) you add another level of sorting. Rather than make a manual calculation. click Edit.Change from Instance to Type Schedule The schedule still lists each window instance separately. in the Then By sorting field. clear Itemize Every Instance. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.

In this exercise. select Title. s Set the schedule to display category totals. click Edit 7. s Changed the schedule from an Instance to Type schedule. for Sorting/ Grouping. and Totals. The totals for each window type now display. select Footer. Count. Save as Unit9_window_schedule. Schedules s 361 . On the Properties palette. s Sorted the schedule by two of the parameters. Click OK twice to finish this round of schedule edits. 6. This schedule now display totals for each Type Mark. you: s Created a schedule using an existing schedule family.rvt. From the list.5. On the Sorting/Grouping tab.

Click Open. 2. Activate view Floor Plan: Level 1. ceiling type. The completed exercise Add Room Tags 1. based on the amount of space in each room.rvt. floor type. If a dialog box displays asking to overwrite an existing definition. Click Insert tab > Load from Library panel > Load Family. you place room tags in an office building model to determine the amount of square footage in each room. Door tags and some window tags have already been placed in this plan. 362 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 .Schedules . and wall finishes are all examples of room information that can be collected on schedules. A facility manager determines the best use of rooms. 5. Open ADA_Room_Tags. One of a facility manager's duties is to manage the space in an office building. In this exercise.Exercise: Add Room Tags The room tags in Revit Architecture enable you to define and collect information about rooms and spaces that is useful in many ways.rfa in the Imperial/Annotations folder. On the Home tab. 3. click Overwrite the Existing Version. Room size. 4. Room & Area panel. occupancy. Locate the file named Room Tag. You have loaded in a newer family file than the one loaded into the sample project. click Room > Room.

Room & Area panel. Schedules s 363 . click Room > Room Separation Line. 6. The tag displays at the end of your cursor. 7. and in the hall as shown. On the Home tab.In the Type Selector. Zoom in to see that the room tags have automatically calculated the area of each room. Click Modify to terminate the placement. The big open hallway includes two different types of spaces that should display separately on the room schedule. select Room Tag: Room Tag With Area. a total of 7. Place a room tag in each room in the floor plan. 8.

The area value for Room 7 updates. 12. s Change the word Room to Manager. The room tag updates. 11. Select Room #2. s Click away from the tag to exit the edit box.Schedules .9. Click Room Tag 1 so it highlights. s Click the Room text. 13. Place a room tag below the room separation line. An edit box activates. 10. On the Room & Area panel. The cursor changes to sketch mode. Draw a line across the hallway as shown below. Hold the cursor so the diagonal lines indicating the room object highlight. Click Modify. 364 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . click Room.

On the Properties palette.rvt. s Changed room tag field values. Schedules s 365 . enter Sales. Save the file as Unit9_rooms.14. Change the names for the rest of the rooms as follows: s Room 3: Accounting s Room 4: Repairs s Room 5: Storage s Room 6: Conference s Room 7: Hallway s Room 8: Showroom 16. for Name. s Added a room separation. This is an alternate way to edit room tag information. 15. you: s Loaded a room tag. s Tagged various objects. In this exercise.

Select the Rooms schedule from the Category list. you create a room schedule based on the room tags you added and modified in a building model. Click Add--> after each selection. enter Square Footage Report. and Area to be included in your schedule. Name. Create a Room Schedule 1. 2.rvt. The field names move to the Scheduled Fields pane in order. Set the Sort By value to Number. click Schedules > Schedule/Quantities. 6. On the View tab. 4. The Schedule Properties dialog box opens to the Fields tab. 3. Move fields up or down as needed to reach the arrangement shown. The completed exercise 5. Open or continue working in Unit9_rooms. Create panel. For Name. select Number. 366 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK. Click the Sorting/Grouping tab. The New Schedule dialog box displays.Schedules .Exercise: Create a Room Schedule In this exercise. In the Available Fields pane.

Select Grand Totals. s Set Alignment to Right. s Select Calculate Totals. s Click Field Format. s Set Units to Square Feet. Select Title and Totals from the list. s Set Rounding to 0 decimal places. Click OK.7. This is located at the bottom of the dialog box. Highlight the Number field. 10. clear Use Project Settings. Change the Heading to No. Schedules s 367 . s Set Unit Symbol to SF. Click the Formatting tab. 9. In the Format dialog box. 8. Highlight the Area field.

Schedules . Revit Architecture opens the schedule view. In this exercise. 368 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Click OK to exit the dialog box. 12.11.rvt. s Reformatted the schedule title and column display. You can use your cursor to adjust the column widths. you: s Created a room schedule. Save as Unit9_room_schedule. s Totaled one of the columns.

locate the file you created. Double-click it to open it. 3. This format is read by nearly all data processing applications. On the application menu.txt) file. The file is created. Click Save.Exercise: Export a Schedule In this exercise. Verify that the data exported properly to a TXT file. you export the room schedule to a text file. Browse to a directory to save your report. The completed exercise Export a Schedule 1. Schedules s 369 . Using your Windows Explorer. click > Export > Reports > Schedule. You can then use this file in other applications. Click OK.rvt. Verify that the active view is schedule Square Footage Report. Accept (tab) as the Field Delimiter and " as the Text Qualifier. 6. Delimited means that each field in the schedule is identified as being a separate piece of information by inserting characters. Note the formatting that has been applied. This affects how other applications read the contents of the text file you are about to create. Open or continue working in Unit9_room_schedule. 2. 4. 5. You can save the data in a delimited text (*.

7. The following illustration is from Microsoft Excel. Do not save the changes to the Revit Architecture project file. You can readily import the TXT file into a spreadsheet program. 370 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . 8. Close the text file. In this exercise. you exported your schedule data to a TXT file.Schedules .

A list of sheets used in a project. True b. 2. s Export a schedule. b. A list of information that defines specific building objects. Instance 3. False Summary/Questions s 371 .Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Quantity c. s Reformat a schedule. Type b. True b. Questions 1. c. Which of the following schedule types lists each occurrence of an object in a building plan? a. you learned to: s Create a schedule. s Place a schedule tag. s Load a schedule tag. Matrix d. Schedule tags are used though a set of building plans to reference building objects to the data listed in schedules. Door and window bubbles should be different shapes to avoid confusion. d. What is a schedule table? a. False 4. a. A timetable that keeps track of when certain building phases will occur. None of the above. a.

View tab c. To export a schedule. a. Manage tab 3. Annotate b. XLS c. Home d. View c. Exported schedules are created in which of the following file formats? a.Schedules . Modify 2. TXT b.Revit Architecture Questions 1. use the ____ . CSV d. all of the above 372 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 9 . Schedules are created from the ____ tab. Annotate tab b. Application menu d. a.

Lesson Plan 1. Review Visualization. (Student) Evaluate Students. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture. 3. (Evaluation) Introduction s 373 .Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 10 . 2. 5. The Rendering dialog box active in 3D views contains tools and commands for the internal rendering module. 4. Revit Architecture will export object category and material information from a building model into DWG™ or FBX files that can be read by Autodesk® 3ds Max® Design software. (Student) Complete Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture.Visualization 3D views of Autodesk® Revit® Architecture models can be turned into presentation images in a number of ways.

or camera on a path. s Export a walkthrough. and export images from the walkthrough to an external animation file. s Create and edit a walkthrough. Engineering. The animation file can be played in any media player. Key Terms AVI camera compression DWG keyframe material media player orientation path raytrace resolution walkthrough Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. Finally. After completing this lesson. s Play a walkthrough. you create a walkthrough. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. you learn how to prepare a Revit model for export to an external rendering engine. You also render a view of a model using tools in Revit. s Export an FBX file. s Apply shading to a view. s Place a camera. s Orient walls and windows.Visualization About This Lesson In this lesson. you will be able to: s Orient walls and windows. To review the list of standards for each lesson. 374 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Assign materials. s Export a DWG file. s Create a raytrace rendering. and Language Arts.Visualization . Technology. s Add planting components. Math (STEM). This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards.

The completed exercise Visualization s 375 . and these files can be imported into 3ds Max Design. You worked on animations. A linked file can be reloaded into 3ds Max Design to capture changes in the original. To prepare your model for rendering. Open Floor Plan View Level 1. You create a rendering and a walkthrough this file in Unit 2. You can also export a Revit model to DWG format. s Make a camera view the active view. courseware datasets. you need to: Check orientation of walls and windows. It is important to note that 3ds Max Design cannot directly import or link to native Revit Architecture (RVT) files. s s 2.rvt. The FBX file will contain 3ds Max Design scene objects that correspond directly to individual Revit objects. Open Unit2_custom_family.Exercise: Export a Building Model to 3ds Max Design Prepare the Model Revit Architecture software contains its own rendering module that creates still images and 1. Most Revit materials are translated into 3ds Max Design materials and assigned to the 3ds Max Design scene objects. You will follow these steps as a general rule whether you render the model in Revit Architecture or prepare the project for export. which can then be linked into 3ds Max Design. Assign materials. You can make changes to your Revit Architecture model and see those changes in 3ds Max Design. Many firms export 3D models for rendering and/or animation in separate programs such as Autodesk 3ds Max Design. Revit Architecture can export models into FBX format. A copy is also available in the in the next exercises. Click Zoom to Fit.

verify that the Detail Level control on the View Control Bar at the bottom of the screen is set to Medium.3. All the exterior walls highlight in blue. The walls will probably not all be aligned with the exterior side to the outside. Stud. Use the Type Selector to change the wall type from Generic to Basic Wall: Exterior: Brick on Mtl. Note the position of the blue double-headed alignment arrows. 5. 6. The walls now display layers of materials. If you do not see any change in the wall display. Click Select All Instances > In Entire Project. Select any exterior wall. 376 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . You changed the display Detail Level for this view in a previous exercise. The wall display updates.Visualization . Right-click. For walls that show the arrows displayed on the inside. 4. Select one of the exterior walls. click the arrows to switch them to the exterior side.

Click Change wall's orientation. On the Properties palette. 8. select the icon at the right of the Materials field. Select Site: Grass. Visualization s 377 . Open the Default 3D view. Select walls. Carefully check all the exterior walls and orient them correctly. Repeat the process for the windows. Click OK. Right-click. 10. Select the toposurface object. In addition to using the control arrows. you can: s s s 9. Check and adjust the alignment as necessary.7.

and click Open. Click OK in any notices and warnings. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. Navigate to the folder where you saved your FBX export. Revit assigns a unique name to each output file using the current view. select Autodesk (*. 2.Visualization . Select the file name. click Import > Import.FBX). On the application menu. Note the file location. 3. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Use the Type Selector to change it to Basic Roof: Wood Rafter 8": Asphalt Shingle: Insulated.11. click Export > FBX. 378 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .rvt. Select the Roof. In the Select File to Import dialog box. Since you may save many export views of a single project model for import into 3ds Max Design. Export the Model to FBX 1. This will filter the file list. you have completed this exercise. Save the file as Unit10_Export. for Files of type. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Accept the default name that Revit assigns. 12. Depending on your system resources. On the application menu. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Open 3ds Max Design.

Export the Model to DWG 1. If necessary. Note the file location. you may want to close Revit before opening 3ds Max Design. Accept the default name that Revit assigns.rvt. The remaining steps presume that you have 3ds Max Design installed. Open or return to Revit. If you do not have access to 3ds Max Design. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. 3. There is no way to update it from Revit. This imported file does not maintain a path to the original file. In the Export CAD Formats dialog box.4. 2. Visualization s 379 . click Export > CAD Formats > DWG. you have completed this exercise. Depending on your system resources. open Unit10_Export. On the application menu. click Next. Close the file without saving.

click File. 7. 8.max. Save the 3ds Max Design file as Unit10_link.4. click References > File Link Manager. Close the File Link Manager. Open 3ds Max Design. Open or return to Revit. 6. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. Select two windows as shown. click Attach This File.Visualization . open Unit10_Export. 380 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . In the File Link Manager . 5. 9. On the Attach tab of the File Link Manager. The file opens in 3ds Max Design. On the application menu. Click Open. If necessary.rvt. Close 3ds Max Design if necessary to open Revit Architecture. Select the file name. Navigate to the folder where you saved your DWG export.

Use the Type Selector to change the windows to Fixed: 36" x 72". Open the 3D view. Save the export file using the same name as before. The windows have updated.10. In the dialog box. 13. Visualization s 381 . click Export > CAD Formats > DWG as before. 11. On the application menu. click Yes to confirm that you want to overwrite the existing file. Save the file. 12.

s Linked the DWG file into 3ds Max Design.14. s Oriented walls and windows. s The dialog box displays an indication that the linked file has changed. Open or return to 3ds Max Design. Save and close the 3ds Max Design file. The windows have changed.Visualization . s Changed a material definition. s Changed the Type definition for two window instances in Revit Architecture and re-exported the DWG file. 382 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Open the File Link Manager. s Click Reload. Open the Files tab. In this exercise. s Close the File Link Manager. you: s Changed the type of all exterior walls in a project. s Click OK in the dialog box that displays. s Reloaded the linked file in 3ds Max Design and observed the change. The linked file updates. s Exported a DWG file from Revit Architecture. 15.

Open the Site view. add plantings to the model. 2. The completed exercise Click to place the camera to the lower left of the view. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. click Camera. Visualization s 383 . you can adjust both the scope of the view and the position of the camera. On the View tab. 3. Place a Camera 1. In this exercise. Pull the cursor up and to the right to locate the target behind the model. change materials. Create panel. Open Unit10_Export. as shown. The View tab and Render dialog box hold tools to create presentation views of a project model.rvt. you place a camera in a model. If you place the camera too close to the model. generate a rendering.Exercise: Render a Model in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture contains a complete rendering module. and create a second rendering.

The camera will be visible. select the camera and drag it farther away from the model.Visualization .4. Return to the perspective view. and a new 3D view named 3D View 1 displays in the Project Browser. 2. Select the name of the perspective view you wish to adjust. On the View Control Bar. 7. 5. If necessary. Right-click. Render Setup 1. select Very Few Clouds. Adjust the sides of the crop region border by selecting the blue control dots and dragging them closer to the model as shown. 384 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . The camera perspective view opens. click Show Rendering Dialog. To adjust the camera position at any time: In the Background Style list. Move the dialog box so you can see the view window clearly. 6. s s s s Open a floor plan view. Open the Site view again. Click Show Camera.

Click Render. Place four instances of RPC Tree: Deciduous: Schumard Oak . On the Massing & Site tab. Open view 3D View 1. 2. Accept the default settings for Quality. s Adjust the positions of the trees (in the Site view) as necessary. Open the Site view.3. Output Settings. Enhance the Model 1. Revit generates a raytrace image in the view. and Lighting. s Click Render. Visualization s 385 . 3. s Set the Quality Setting to Medium.30' approximately as shown. click Site Component. Model Site panel. s Click Render to create a new rendered image.

2. In the Materials list. Select an exterior wall. Select the roof. 6. In the Rendering dialog box.Visualization . Click Edit in the Structure field. click Edit Type. In the Rendering dialog box. Change Materials 1. 3. In the Layer 1 Material field. click Edit Type. 5. click Show the Model. click the icon next to Roofing-Asphalt Shingle.Wood Shake. The model displays in the view. click OK. and you can now select elements for editing. click Save to Project. select Roofing . In the Save to Project dialog box. Revit places the image in its own view. 4. On the Properties palette. On the Properties palette. 5. 386 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click OK three times to exit the dialog box.4.

Click Replace. 7.10. 8. 9. Visualization s 387 . Click the Render Appearance tab. Click Edit in the Structure field.Brick in the Layer 1 Material field. Select the icon next to Masonry .

You have previously worked on exporting images and printing. 16. click Render. In the Rendering dialog box. 12. 13.rvt. Click OK four times to exit the dialog box. The new image is placed in its own view. s Placed site planting components in the model. click Save to Project.11. 14. Save the file as Unit10_render. you: s Placed a camera in a plan view. 388 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . s Edited materials in model components. s Created a raytrace setup. In the Rendering dialog box. Click OK. These images are now available as options to present to a client. In this exercise.Brick Uniform Running Brown. Select Masonry .Visualization . s Generated and captured a render image. 15. s Generated and captured a second render image.

Open Unit10_render. rendered. s Right-click again. Each view. you: s Create a walkthrough in a model. The walkthrough is exported to an external animation file that can be viewed in any media player. Click Zoom Out (2x). click 3d View > Walkthrough. s Export the walkthrough to an animation file. s On the View tab. Create panel. The cursor changes to a crosshair. A walkthrough places a camera on a path. 2. or frame. 4. s Edit the camera and path. along the path can be viewed in different modes. The status bar reads Click to Place Walkthrough Key Frame. or walkthroughs. In this exercise. click to the left of the model as shown. Open floor plan view Level 1. Visualization s 389 . The completed exercise Create a Walkthrough 1. The Options Bar displays walkthrough options. 3. Click Zoom to Fit. To place a key frame. in a project model. and exported individually. s View the animation in a media player. The camera and path can be edited.rvt. s Right-click.Exercise Create a Walkthrough in Revit Architecture Revit Architecture can create animated camera views.

8. Verify that Controls is set to Active Camera. 7. 11. so that the camera is pointing at the model. On the Modify | Cameras tab. click Finish Walkthrough. 390 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .5. 6. On the Modify | Walkthrough tab.Visualization . Select the direction control for the camera. Click the Previous Key Frame control to shift the control point. 10. 9. Adjust the previous key frame so the camera points at the building. click Edit Walkthrough. Place a total of six key frames around the building approximately as shown. Walkthrough panel. The Options Bar changes. Repeat for all the key frames. Walkthrough panel. The camera is located on the final key frame. Drag it to the left.

On the Walkthrough panel. 2. The path displays control dots at key frames. click Next Key Frame. Edit the Walkthrough 1. Drag the path away from the model as shown. If camera positions distort.12. 3. Visualization s 391 . 13. Check the view in several key frames. Open Floor Plan view Level 1. From the Controls list. Click Open. The camera is too close to the model to show it well. change the edit choice from Path to Active camera and adjust camera directions as before. select Path. Click Open Walkthrough to open the camera view at the selected Key Frame position. Click Edit Walkthrough.

2. Click OK. Click Play. Make Key Frame 1 the open frame. Save the file as Unit10_Walkthrough. This may take a long time depending on your system resources. 2. The walkthrough plays in the view window. 392 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . Click Save.Play the Walkthrough 1.rvt. Revit generates the external AVI file. select a video compression method to hold down file size. On the application menu. click OK. In the Video Compression dialog box. Export the Walkthrough 1. click Export > Images and Animations > Walkthrough. 4. 3.Visualization . notice where you save the file. File Name. In the Length/Format dialog box. In the Export Walkthrough dialog box.

such as shaded or rendering. Visualization s 393 . Plan your class time accordingly. You can also generate AVI files from this walkthrough using other visual styles. Generating a rendered AVI file takes a long time.5. 6. Use a different name for each animation file you generate so you can view each in your media player. Double-click the new file name. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the AVI file. It plays in your media player.

s Exported the walkthrough to an external file. If you have made changes to the building model. s Played the animation file in a media player. 394 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 . you: s Created a walkthrough by placing a path.Visualization . In this exercise.7. s Played the walkthrough in Revit Architecture. save the Revit Architecture file. s Adjusted camera positions at key frames along the path. s Edited the path.

s Create and edit a walkthrough. You can play a walkthrough in Revit Architecture. a. s Orient walls and windows. View > Shading d. True b. you learned to: s Orient walls and windows. you use: a. s Export an FBX file. False Revit Architecture Questions 1.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. Demolish 2. True b. s Assign materials. Split b. Questions 1. Print to File b. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. s Place a camera. s Add planting components. Export > FBX 3. Materials that are assigned to objects in Revit have to be reassigned when you import the drawing into 3ds Max Design. To create a file format from a Revit Architecture model that 3ds Max Design can import. s Export a DWG file. a. False 2. False Summary/Questions s 395 . Align c. Save As > FBX c. a. True b. To change a wall so the exterior surface is on the outside. A Revit file can be imported directly into 3ds Max Design software. s Apply shading to a view. s Create a raytrace rendering. s Export a walkthrough. s Play a walkthrough.

396 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 10 .Visualization .

(Evaluation) Introduction s 397 . The Datum panel enables you to place grids. (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces. Review structural columns.Autodesk® Design Academy Unit 11 . (Student) Complete Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids. (Student) Evaluate Students. In the following exercises. 3.Structural About This Unit The Structure panel on the Home tab contains tools and commands for placing and modifying structural components. beams. (Student) Complete Exercise: Create Column Grids. Lesson Plan 1. (Discussion) Complete Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams. 4. You create column grids and use them to place structural columns and beams. beam systems. and braces. you learn how to place structural columns. foundations. 5. 6. beams and braces. 2.

and can also make open internal spaces that are easier to heat and cool. beams.Structural . posts and beams use fewer resources than walls. Understanding building structure can help you reduce materials and energy usage. and other structural elements will be located in a building. For example.About Structural Members Structural members are used to show where columns. Columns The following image shows steel columns used to hold up the beams for a deck and awning. 398 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

Braces The following image shows braces being used to hold up the walls of a garage during the framing process of building a house. About Structural Members s 399 . Beams The following illustration displays the drawing details of a plywood web wood joist. Beams across the top of the garage are also shown.

This joist can be added to a drawing to show where it should be used to construct the floor of a building as shown. and other building objects. Knowing where structural members.Structural . walls. 400 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The following illustrations show a column grid used to place columns. especially columns. are placed will affect the placement of walls and the design of building spaces. Column Grids Column grids are often used by architects and designers to plan a building design.

To review the list of standards for each lesson. Sustainable design or "green" concepts are presented throughout this lesson. Place columns and beams on grids. Key Terms beam beam system brace column footing foundation girder grid bubble grid line joist purlin rafter Standards Autodesk® Design Academy curriculum meets content standards for Science. you will be able to: s s s s Place structural columns and beams.Structural This lesson describes the different types of structural members and why they are used. Technology. view the National Academic Standards Cross Reference PDF document. Structural s 401 . and Language Arts. After completing this lesson. This lesson also describes the purposes for using column grids when you design a building. Math (STEM). Create column grids. Place beam systems and braces. This lesson relates to technology and engineering standards. Engineering.

rvt from the courseware This can save weight and expense and provide wider datasets. As with columns.Hide Category. On the Build panel of the Home tab. The Structure tab in Revit Architecture contains tools for placing structural members. You create columns and beams to start a framing plan for the deck. wood. In residential construction. click Temporary Hide/Isolate . Structural columns are different elements from architectural columns. Select a floor. s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. The completed exercise 402 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click Column > Structural Column. this is known as post and beam construction. Modern multistory buildings often use steel and concrete columns and steel beams to support floors. The lines in the deck surface pattern make locating the columns accurately a little difficult. and the exterior walls of the building are light in weight. Open Deck Framing.Structural . The file opens to a cropped plan view of an exterior wood deck. often mainly glass. The view has grid lines added to make column placement easier. Well-designed framing plans often include dimensioned grid lines to eliminate mistakes in construction. spans without walls. beams can be steel. Structural columns can be steel. They come in types defined by size and shape. or reinforced concrete. you: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. In this exercise. wood. You place grid lines in an upcoming exercise. 3. Concrete beams are often integrated into concrete floors. 1. They provide support for floors and prevent movement of the columns. Beams connect columns or walls. 2. On the View Control Bar. or concrete.Exercise: Place Structural Columns and Beams Place Columns Many building types use columns and beams rather than walls to hold up the structure of the building.

click Temporary Hide/ Isolate > Reset Temporary Hide/Isolate. Repeat at grid intersections 2A. 7. On the Options Bar. The Properties palette displays the floor properties. Click the edge of the right floor to select it. 6. select Dimension Lumber Column: 4x4. In the Type Selector. On the View Control Bar. Click the edge of the left floor to select it.4. click Depth. and 4B. Structural s 403 . 8. 5. The floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 1". This floor is 1" thick and set down from the Floor 1 level by 8". This sends the column down from the current level rather than up. 3A. Click the intersection of Grid 1 and Grid A. Click Modify to terminate the Column tool.

Click OK. rail. Zoom in so you can see the deck.9. Hold CTRL and select the two floors. 404 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . and columns clearly. Click Hide In View > Element. Place Beams 1.Structural . The columns are now hidden by the floors. double-click view Framing Cutaway. Open Plan View Deck Framing. Right-click. Hold CTRL and select the two posts under the upper floor (on the right side of this view). Click OK. Use the Properties palette to set the Top Offset for the columns to -0'-2". Set their Top Offset to -0'-9". 2. 10. Hold CTRL and select the other two columns. In the Project Browser. 11. Click off the columns to clear your selection set.

In the Type Selector. click the intersection of Grid 1 and the wall. On the Options Bar. 4. Structure panel. s Pull the cursor up along Grid 1 to the intersection of Grid A. Click. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 10. select Chain.3. 5. s In the view window. click Beam. On the Structure tab. To place beams: Structural s 405 .

s Pull the cursor right along Grid A to Grid 2. Click. 7. Click. s Pull the cursor down along Grid 2 to the wall face. Click Modify. 6. 406 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Hold CTRL and select the new beams. set Start Level Offset and End Level Offset to -0'-2" to lower the beams as you lowered the column tops. On the Properties palette.Structural .

click Beam. Structure panel. To place other beams: s On the Structure tab. On the Properties palette. Structural s 407 . 11. s Enter SI to force a Snap Intersection. Save the file as Deck Beams. Click Modify. In this exercise. 12. Click on grid intersection B4. click Make Wall Bearing. you: s Placed columns of different heights under floors. set Start Level Offset and set End Level Offset to -0'-9"-0'-9" 10. Hold CTRL and select the new beams. s Place a beam from A2 to A3. as shown.8. s Pull the cursor down Grid 4 to the wall. 9. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beams are below the deck. If a Warning dialog box that opens.rvt. Click OK. s Placed beams of different elevations around the perimeter of the floors. Click.

This is the direction indicator for the beam system. On the Draw panel of the Modify | Create Beam System Boundary context tab that activates. On the Structure tab. 3. click No. you: s Place beam systems. 2. click Beam System. The completed exercise 5. Structure panel. In the Beam System panel of the Modify | Place Structural Beam System context tab.Exercise: Place Beam Systems and Braces You can place beams in defined systems that fill areas between girders. Click the beam on Grid 1. distance. 408 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Open Plan View Deck Framing.Structural . click Pick Supports. This system saves time when preparing framing plans. click Sketch Beam System. A beam system is an array of beams governed by layout rules that specify the spacing. 4. s Place braces. You place vertical bracing in elevation views. Place Beam Systems 1. In this exercise. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. If a dialog box opens about loading Beam Systems tags.rvt. A sketch line with parallel lines on each side appears. Open Deck Beams. A copy is also available in the courseware datasets. Vertical bracing prevents sideways movement of structural frames. or number of beams in a bay. These areas are known as bays in a structural framing plan.

Use Trim if necessary to finish the sketch correctly. Structural s 409 . 7. click Line.6. Draw a line on the face of the wall. On the Draw panel. Click the left beam on Grid A and the beam on Grid 2. as shown.

s 9.8. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify that the beam systems are under the floor. s Set Maximum Spacing to 1' . s s On the Draw panel. click Finish (green check). click Pick Supports. 11.Structural . Click Finish. set the following parameters: s Set Elevation to -0' .2". click Line. Click Make Wall Bearing if the warning opens. On the Properties palette. s Set Layout Rule to Maximum Spacing. On the Mode panel. 10. s s s On the Draw panel. Click the beam on Grid 2. set Elevation to -0'-9". On the Properties palette. To place a beam system in the lower floor: s On the Create panel of the Modify | Structural Beam Systems tab. 410 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . Trim as necessary. Click the other beams in order clockwise to the right. click Create Similar.6". Carefully trace the wall faces to finish the sketch.

4. Structural s 411 . Structure panel. 3. 5. set the Detail Level of the view to Medium. unlike regular elevations.Place Braces 1. Click to place the elevation. On the View Control Bar. A framing elevation ignores walls and snaps to grids. Place the cursor over Grid A so the elevation marker displays above the grid line between Grids 2 and 3. On the View tab. In the Project Browser. click Brace. On the Structure tab. as shown. Create panel. Open Plan View Deck Framing. 2. Adjust the view crop region as shown. click Elevation > Framing Elevation. double-click Interior Elevation view 1-a. It has an automatic work plane.

6. 9. Repeat the brace going right to left.Structural . click the intersection of Grid 3 and the bottom edge of the beam. select Dimension Lumber: 2 x 4. In the view window. 7. Click the bottom of the column on Grid 2 to finish the brace. 412 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 8. to start the brace. In the Type Selector. Click Modify.

11. Structural s 413 . Save the file as Deck structure.10. Open view Framing Cutaway to verify the brace location. In this exercise.rvt. you: s Placed beam systems. s Placed braces.

but they can also be angular and radial. You can change a grid number at any time. The completed exercise Click to place the end of the grid line. You will create a complex column grid so that you can place columns and beams to make a structural model. and section views. The numbering automatically increments. you: s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid. Grid lines appear in all views where they cross the plane of the view. To place a grid line: s On the Home tab. lines are displayed on plans and elevations specifically for locating columns. 2. Grids are finite vertical planes represented as lines in plan. In plan views. elevation. s s In the view window. Grid lines are usually horizontal and 1. beams. and walls. Pull the cursor straight up. as shown. click in the lower left to start a grid line. The exact location is not critical. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. A line shows a grid bubble with a number in it. Only straight grid lines are visible in elevation and section views.Structural .Exercise: Create Column Grids Create a Rectangular Column Grid Grids form the basic framework for structure in a building model. In this exercise. Open ADA_Grids from the courseware vertical. Datum panel. The exact length is not critical. you can add grid lines as straight lines or arcs. Grid datasets. click Grid. This is a common step early in designing a large building. s 414 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .

4. Click to start another grid line. Structural s 415 . The Grid tool is still active. Put the cursor over the start of the grid line and pull to the right until the temporary dimension reads 30' -0".3. Pull the cursor straight up until the alignment snap shows that it is even with the head of the first grid line. The alignment line will show when the cursor is even with the grid line start point. Click to place a new grid line.

Enter A at the keyboard. click Create Similar to start the Grid tool. Repeat to create grid line 4. When the cursor is to the left of grid line 1. 7. Grid 3 is already the selection set. Press ENTER. You will not need to select or use SPACEBAR. 416 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . The new grid line is number 5. s Select Grid Line 2. s s s s Place the cursor to the right of grid line 4. Pull the cursor to the right. To make copies of the new grid line: s On the Modify panel of the context tab. To create a horizontal grid line: s On the Create panel. Click inside the grid bubble to activate the name field.Structural . click to place the grid line. 6. Pull the cursor to the left. s Press SPACEBAR to terminate selection. close to the heads. s s s s s Click anywhere to establish a start point. The new grid line will be number 3.5. Press ENTER. You need crossing grid lines to make a column grid. Click to start a grid line. click Copy. Zoom in so you can clearly see the grid bubble. Enter 30 at the keyboard to set the copy distance to 30'-0".

8. Place another grid 20'-0" below the first one. 9. On the grid line.1. The grid bubbles overlap and are hard to read. s Select grid 2. s Click anywhere and pull the cursor 3'-0" to the right. click the elbow control to place an offset. Structural s 417 . s Click Copy. Place two more horizontal grid lines below grid B at 20'-0" intervals. This completes the main grid. Grid 2. 11. s Click to place the grid line. 10. Click in the bubble for the new grid line. Change the number to 2. This grid line will be number B.1 is still selected. To place a secondary grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. Click Modify to terminate the Copy tool. The Grid tool is still active. Click outside the bubble to enter the number.

select Center-Ends Arc. Press ENTER. enter 15. The Grid tool is still active. On the Options Bar. Pull the cursor to the right until the alignment line appears. Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary arc dimension reads 135. click Grid. Revit will convert this to 15'-0". On the Draw panel. s s Click grid intersection D3. Click to place the grid head. On the Options Bar. set Offset to 15'-0". 3.000 o . Click in the new grid bubble. Change the number to EE. 4. On the Home tab.Create a Radial Column Grid 1. Zoom to Fit.Structural . click Pick. click Radius. 418 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . On the Draw panel. s Click to start the grid line. In the Radius field. Create panel. To place a radial grid line: s s s 2.

6. Click Modify to terminate the Grid tool. Click the padlock to unlock the grid line. Grid 3 will be part of the new radial grid. 7. The padlock symbol at the lower end indicates that the grid line is locked so that the end moves with the others. Select grid 3 to show its controls. Select the Show Bubble control to activate the bubble at the lower end of grid 3. You will need to identify it easily. Structural s 419 . This makes it easy to stretch grid lines together. Place the cursor over grid EE so that the placement line displays below the grid line. Click the control grip at the end of the grid line. Drag it down below the radial grids. Click to place grid FF.5.

9. Click in the new grid bubble. s Pull the cursor down and to the left so the temporary angle dimension reads 120. s Placed grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. Press ENTER. Zoom to Fit. 420 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Click grid intersection D3. Revit will create grid 32. To place the next angled grid line: s Click Modify to terminate grid placement. s 10. click Mirror . Enter 31 to change the name. s On the Modify panel of the Modify | Grids tab.000.8. To place a straight grid line at an angle: s In the Create panel. 11.rvt. s Select grid 3. you: s Placed grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Pick Axis. s Select grid 31. s Verify that Copy is selected on the Options Bar. s In this exercise. click Create Similar. Click to place the grid line. Save the file as ADA_Gridscomplete.

Open ADA_Grids-complete. Now you place columns at grid intersections. s Use a column grid to place beams. s Change a grid layout. s 3. In this exercise. As a result. you: s Use a column grid to place columns. click Column > Structural Column. 2. To place structural columns: s On the Structure tab. select W-Wide-Flange Column: W10x33.Exercise: Place Columns and Beams on Grids in Revit Exercise: Architecture Before adding structural columns in a large-scale structural plan. This is a steel column. Structure panel. You worked on this file in the previous exercise. You then add columns relative to grid lines and grid intersections. Structural s 421 . You have started a structural framing plan for a large building by creating column grids. s Add footings to columns. you typically create a grid. The completed exercise Use a Column Grid to Place Columns 1. the columns move with the grid intersections when the spacing between grid lines is modified. Structural columns are anchored on the grid intersections at which they are added. In the Type Selector.

click At Grids. A.Structural . C and D. 5. 422 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . 4. B. set Height to Level 3. click Finish. In the Multiple panel. Hold down CTRL and select Grids 1. 3. If you zoom in you will see columns ghosted in at grid intersections. 2.s s On the Options Bar. On the Multiple panel. 4. 6.

click Finish. Window-select all the grid lines. Structural s 423 . 5. The grid. Click Modify to terminate the Beam tool. On the Multiple panel. On the Structure panel of the Structure tab. Click Grid 1.Use a Column Grid to Place Beams 1. Zoom to Fit. columns. Revit will ghost in beams on grid lines only between existing columns and will ignore grid intersections without columns. 2. 4. click On Grids. Open Floor Plan Level 2. On the Multiple panel. and beams will move to the right. 3. Change the temporary dimension to 20'-0". click Beam.

4. If a dialog box opens about loading a tag family. Click Redo. click Isolated.Add Footings to Columns The columns need footings under them. Open the Default 3D view. Column grids are an effective way to control the position of many elements at once. On the Multiple panel. window-select all the columns. Rectangular footings display ghosted at the base of each one. 2. 424 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . click No. click At Columns. 6. In the view window. 1.Structural . On the Quick Access toolbar. Columns and beams will move to the right. 3. Columns and beams on and intersecting with Grid 1 will move 10'-0" to the left. click Finish. On the Multiple panel. click Undo. On the Foundation panel of the Structure tab.

The footing had been placed at Level 1. Press ESC to clear the column selection. set the Base Offset distance to 6'-0". 6. Click Modify to terminate the Foundation tool. s On the Properties palette. The footing changes size.5. 7. To change the length of a column: s Select the leftmost column. To change the size of the footing. Structural s 425 . Select the footing at the base of the extended column. but footings attach to columns and move if the column base moves. A warning displays. in the Type Selector. select Footing-Rectangular 96" x 72" x 18". Click OK.

426 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Changed a grid layout. Save and close the file. s Added footings to columns. In this exercise.8. s Used a column grid to place beams. you: s Used a column grid to place columns.

the structural engineer takes primary responsibility for specifying components. Structural integrity of buildings has always been the overriding concern for designers and builders. spans.STEM Connections Background In modern design practice. Science Concrete is an ancient material known to the Romans. s What types of materials are now being introduced to modern concrete mixes to make them stronger and lighter? Technology The invention of steel framing enabled the development of skyscrapers. What are the advantages and disadvantages of steel compared to wood when exposed to: s Fire or extreme heat s Moisture STEM Connections s 427 . and connections so that buildings remain upright despite environmental changes or earth movement.

s What is bending moment and how is it calculated? s What is allowable deflection and how is it calculated? 428 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 .Structural . s Which is a stronger arrangement: smaller beams placed closer together or larger beams placed farther apart? Why? Math Engineers carefully calculate loads on structural frames.Engineering Span tables list the sizes of beams that can safely carry loads across certain distances. using formulas based on physics.

s Place beams around the perimeter of the floor. All of the above. s Place grid lines to create a rectangular column grid.Summary/Questions Summary In this Revit Architecture unit. s Change a grid layout. s Place braces. 2. Which of the following are examples of structural members? a. Column b. you learned to: s Place columns of different heights under a floor. True b. s Place grid lines to create a semi-circular column grid. s Place beam systems. False Summary/Questions s 429 . Questions 1. Beam d. Column grids are used to help with placement of structural members in a building design? a. s Use a column grid to place columns. s Add footings to columns. Brace c.

Sketch or select objects to create the perimeter sketch. You can copy grid lines and they will number automatically.Structural . All of the above. When placing columns or beams. A and B. You cannot change a column's height after you place it. If you relocate a grid line. you: a. Flip Orientation d. you use: a. Select a beam type and define the system layout.Revit Architecture Questions 1. d. c. A but not B. To create a beam system. Use grid lines and grid intersections. To change the height of a column. columns and beams placed using that grid will relocate with it. Properties c. True b. a. False 430 s Autodesk Design Academy Unit 11 . b. True b. 2. b. c. 5. 3. Pick points. you can: a. Stretch b. d. a. Select the type of beam or column to place. False 4.

Executive Director.Editor Special Thanks To: Kendall N.Teacher. Milwaukee. Smith .Director. Ltd. WI Roger Dohm . Susan Harrington .Autodesk Manufacturing Independent Consultant Contributing Authors: Kristen C.iteaconnect. Virginia Tech Eric Losin . International Technology Education Association www. Copyright s 431 . Prof of Civil & Environmental Engineering. Randy Dymond. South Division High School. Poway High School. Starkweather . CA Ronald A Williams.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Dr.Autodesk AEC Independent Consultant Lay Christopher Fox .org Project Lead the Way. Inc.Instructor. Mathematics. PE .Autodesk® Design Academy Credits-Copyright Lead Author: Phil Dollan . Poway. Center for Geospatial Information Technology Assoc.

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